dfyuk;d

bDdhloh lnh dh egkure fdrkc

dfyuk;d
dfy;qx dk uk;d
lQyrk ds dfy;qxh QaMksa dks crkus okyh]
ftUnxh dks lgh <+x ls thuk fl[kkus okyh]
vkidks djksM+ifr cukus okyh]
,d lPph **vijkèk&xkFkk**

ys [ kd

iqLrd &

dfyuk;d

ys[kd &

latho tSu] èkesZUnz 'kekZ

izdk'ku&

tuojh 2011

laLdj.k&

izFke

ew Y ;&

ek= 100 #i,

izdk'kd &

jktLFkku dfyuk;d izdk'ku]
dpgjh ds ikl] osnizdk'k QksVksLVsV ds Åij]
xoesZaV izsl jksM] chdkusj (jktLFkku)

osolkbV &
Qks u µ

www.rajsthankalinayak.com

eq n z d &

09636886930] 09636003115
01512200269
dfy fizaVlZ] chdkusj (jktLFkku)

lhMh dh lkSxkr
bl iqLrd ds lkFk ikBdksa dks ,d lhMh Hkh HksaV dh tk jgh
gSA ftlesa fofHkUu lanfHkZr nLrkost QhM gSaA ;s izR;sd vè;k; esa
fn, x, rF;ksa dh lPpkbZ ds lcwr gSaA budk voyksdu djds
*dfyuk;d* dh *djrwrksa* ds izek.kksa ls eq[kkfrc gqvk tk ldrk
gSA ikBdksa dh lqfoèkk ds fy, vè;k;ksa ds Øeokj nLrkostksa dk
ladyu fd;k gSAA

latho tSu
èkesZUnz 'kekZ

iqLrd i<+sa] vkSj thrsa] nks djksM+ ds cEij bZuke
dfyuk;d

bl iqLrd dks vFkok bl iqLrd ds fdlh va'k dks bysDVªkWfud]
esdsfudy] QksVksdkih] fjdkfM±x ;k vU; lwpuk&laxzg lkèkuksa ,oa
Hkk"kk vkfn ekè;eksa }kjk eqfnzr vFkok izdkf'kr djus ds iwoZ gels
fdlh Hkh izdkj dh fyf[kr vuqefr vfuok;Z ugha gSA ysfdu izdkf'kr
va'k dh fyf[kr lwpuk ys[kd@izdk'kd dks fn;k tkuk vfuok;Z gSA

viuksa ls viuh ckr

fo"k; LkwPkh
Øa -

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fo"k;
viuksa ls viuh ckr
nks djksM+ ds bZuke
vè;k;&1 dfyuk;d ds tUe dh
*eugwl ?kM+h*
vè;k;&2 jes'k dk vkWijs'ku Hkksiky
vè;k;&3 Xokfy;j dk QthZokM+k
vè;k;&4 tcyiqj dk QthZokM+k
vè;k;&5 QthZokM+s dk tekoM+k
vè;k;&6 jes'k dk >kWalh nk >kWalk
vè;k;&7 dFkuh dqN] djuh dqN
vè;k;&8 lacèkksa dh gR;k
vè;k;&9 dqlaLdkjksa dh tehu ij j[kh
*laLdkj&oSyh* dh cqfu;kn
vè;k;&10 lax&nks"k
vè;k;&11 Mhch ekWy] tehu&?kksVkyk]
ns'k&nqfu;k dk fiVk nhokyk
vè;k;&12 vk;dj dh pksjh
jes'k us Hkjh frtksjh
vè;k;&13 CySdesyj jes'k
vè;k;&14 xn~nkj dk ;kj
vè;k;&15 iqjLdkjksa dh xfjek] rkj&rkj
vè;k;&16 jes'k] rqe xHkZ esa gh
D;ksa ugha ej x;s\
vè;k;&17 jes'k dh ew<+rk

dfyuk;d

i`"B Øa-

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,d dfy;qxhu vijkèk dk iksLVekVZe (fo'ys"k.k) djus okyh ;g
iqLrd **dfyuk;d** bl oDr vkids gkFkksa esa gSA **dfyuk;d** ;kuh
**dfy;qx dk uk;d**
uk;d**---- A dfyuk;d ,d ,slh vijkèk xkFkk gS]
QthZokM+s dh ,d ,slh ekSfyd nkLrku gS] ftldk tl dk rl dHkh
nksgjko gks] ,slk rks ugha yxrkA
;g t:j gS fd] blds gj iUus ls vkidks--- osxqukgksa dh vkgsa] ne
rksM+rh gqbZ ekuork dh djkgsa] Hkz"Vkpkj ds lyho ij yVd dj ejrk
gqvk dkuwu utj vk,axkA
ysfdu---- i`"B nj i`"B ;g fdrkc--- vkidk euksjatu Hkh djsxh]
vkidks jksekap ls ÖkuÖkuk,xh] vkidks lps r djsxh] vkidks ftUnxh dk
lgh eryc le>k;sxh] lQyrk dh jkg cuk,xhA
;g fdrkc rks rwQku ds igys dk lUukVk gSA bl lUukVs ds ihNs NkbZ
[kkeks'kh esa nQu dbZ jkt vkt vkils :c: gksus tk jgs gSaA
**i=dkfjrk** gS] yksdra= dk pkSFkk LrEHkA ;g lcdh [kcj ysrk gS]
lcdks [kcj nsrk gS] ysfdu ehfM;k ds yksxksa ds }kjk fd;s 'kks"k.k]
vU;k; vkSj èkks[ksckth dh [kcj dkSu nsxk\ muls ges dkSu cpk,xk\
th gkWa] ge ckr dj jgs gSa& **nSfud HkkLdj** dhA *nSfud HkkLdj*
tks Hkkjr dk lcls rsth ls c<+rk gqvk v[kckj dgk tkrk gSA
blds vkdk jes'k dks T;knk c<+k&p<+kdj nSfud HkkLdj dh lQyrk
ls tksM+k tkuk tuekul ds eu esa ;g Hkze iSnk djrk gS fd jes'k us gh
nSfud HkkLdj dks ;s ÅWapkbZ;kWa iznku dh] jes'k pUnz vxzoky gh bldk
vlyh ekfyd gSA ysfdu lPpkbZ rks ;g drbZ ugha gSA tks [kqn gh fxjk
gqvk gS---- og nwljksa dks ÅaWpkbZ----- dSls ns ldrk gS\
lPpkbZ rks ;g gS fd jes'k us nSfud HkkLdj ds firk&pkpk ds }kjk
cuk;s lkezkT; dks èkks[ks vkSj csbZekuh ls gM+ik gSA njvly] blds
4

fy, [kwu&ilhuk fdlh vkSj us cgk;kA jes'k us rks pkyckth vkSj
tkylkth ls bls gfFk;k;kA vjs! ;g rks ogh ckr gqbZ fd& **esgur djs
eqxkZ] v.Mk [kk;s Qdhj**A [ksr yxk, }kjdk] Qly dkVs jes'kA
blfy, rhu&ikaWp dj] nks&ikaWp dekus dk rjhdk dksbZ jes'k ls lh[ksA
ykSfdd lQyrk dk dfy;qxh (jes'kh) QaMk ;gh gS fd dke nwljksa
ls djok,a] ysfdu mldk Js; [kqn gM+isa rkfd dke djus okys
xqeukeh ds vaèksjs esa [kks tk,aA vkSj viuh ikS ckjgA
vlfy;r tkudj] gj dksbZ dgsxk&=kfgeke~~&=kfgeke~~A
,slh ckr fcYdqy ugha fd] fny dks fgykdj j[kus okyh fdlh ?kVuk
us mls >d>ksj fn;k gks--- vkSj blfy, og *ekuo* ls *nkuo* cu x;k
gksA
njvly] og rks **uksVksa** ds eksg esa] **uke** dekus dh gksM+ esa] -- vius dks cM+k **'kga'kkg** fn[kkus dh lud esa --- bruk ckSjk x;k fd
mls u rks ekaW&cki utj vk,] u fj'rs&ukrs] u eku&e;kZnk vkSj u gh
dk;ns&dkuwuA og bu lc caèkuksa ls eqDr gks x;kA
vkSj fQj og 'krjat dh fclkr fcNkdj] eksgjs lsV djus esa yx
x;kA
bl vktkn ns'k esa lHkh ukxfjd dkuwu dh n`f"V esa leku gSaA ysfdu
bl iqLrd ds ekè;e ls vki tkusaxs fd]
vxj gS & cki vkSj lxs&lEcfUèk;ksa dks èkks[kk nsus dh fgEer]
vxj gS& bZ e ku dks dqpyus dk gkSlyk]
vxj gS& e;kZnkvksa dks rkd ij j[kus dk lkgl]
vxj gS& dkuwu dks [kjhnus dk ekn~nk]

rks------vkidks iwjh vktknh gSA vc vki bl ns ' k esa dqN Hkh dj ldrs gSa]
dqN Hkh ik ldrs ggSaA ;gh lQyrk dk 'kkWVZdV gSA jes'k us ;gh 'kkWVZdV
rks viuk;k vkSj dkuwu dks vius b'kkjs ij upk;kA

dfyuk;d

5

lQyrk ikus ds fy,---- jes'k us igys cki dks èkks [ kk fn;k] fQj
cgu dks] fQj pkpkvksa dks] fQj lekt vkSj ns'k&nqfu;k dksA
dgrs gSa& ,d ?kj rks *Mk;u* Hkh NksM+ nsrh gS--- ysfdu jes'k us fdlh dks
Hkh ugha NksM+kA Bhd Hkh gS& tks cki dk ugha] oks vkidk Hkh ughaA
oks gj lqcg vkids gd dh vkokt cqyUn djus dk oknk] cM+s nkos
ds lkFk djrk gS] ysfdu lcls rsth ls vkxs c<+us dh lud esa ftlus
viuksa dk gh gd ekj fy;k gks] oks vkids vfèkdkjksa dh j{kk Hkyk
dSls djsxk\ tjk ;s rks crkb;s\ fn[kkos ij er tkb,] tjk viuh
vDy rks yxkbZ,A
gkaW] ;s ogh gS---- ftlus tc pkgk] tSls pkgk] QthZ dkxt rS;kj
fd,---- vkSj mu eupkgs nLrkostksa dks fn[kkdj iwjs Ny&cy ls vius&ijk;ksa
dh tkxhj ij vius *LokfeRo* dh eksgj yxkrk pyk x;kA fQj Hkh gj
ckj mls *ltk
*ltk* ds cnys *etk* gh feykA
mRd"kZ ds pje ij igqWapdj Hkh----- erokys rkuk'kkg ds f'kdaats
esa jgdj] vkt nSfud HkkLdj lpeqp djkg jgk gS] flld jgk gS]
viuh eqfDRk pkg jgk gSA
;wWa rks ns[kus esa jes'k nks gkFk] nks iSj] ,d flj okyk bUlku gh fn[krk
gS] exj mlds vUnj iS'kkfpdrk dk dkyk leqanj fgyksjas ekj jgk gS]
tks irk ugha] dc fdls viuh pisV esa ys ys] dksbZ ugha tkurk\ ;kuh
fLFkfr fu;a=.k esa] ysfdu [krjk cuk gqvkA
og rks ftruk Åij---- mruk gh uhps gSA og dc xksn esa cSB dj
nk<+h uksp ys--- dc Mky ij cSB dj] mlh dks dkV ns--- dc dkSu lh
pky py ns--- dksbZ ugha tkurk\
lkoèkku! nSfud HkkLdj dh eqaMsj ij cSBk&cSBk] tks fx¼ n`f"V ls
vketu dks >iV~Vk ekjus dh fQjkd esa gS] og gS& jes'kA
dnznku! ogh rks gS nSfud HkkLdj dk fu"Bqj Lo;aHkw losZlokZA tks
QjZ&QjZ uksVksa dh QjQjkgV ls engks'k cuk] vufxur dEifu;kWa [kksydj
vketu dks vkSj dkuwu dks èkks[kk nsus dk iz;kl dj jgk gSA
6

HkkbZtku ! rc tkdj ds] bl dyedkj dks dye mBkuh iM+hA ;g
dye dh pksV--- fdlfy,\ D;k fdlh dh eku&gkfu djus ds fy,\ vjs
fcYdqy ughaA ;g rks gS--lPpkb
lPpkbZ dk ^inkZQk'k^ djus ds fy,A
bfrgkl dh ^HkzkfUr;ksa dks nwj^^djus ds fy,A
vketu dks pkykdh ls ^lkoèkku^ djus ds fy,A
lQyrk ds dfy;qxh ^Qa M ks a ^ dk jkt crkus ds fy,A
ftUnxh dks lgh <ax ls ^thuk^ fl[kkus ds fy,A
dyedkj tkurk gS fd jktHkouksa dh pkyckft;kWa] jktuhfrKksa dh
jktuhfr] le>kSrs vkSj ysu&nsu dk tekuk--- mlh fnu yn tkrk gS]
tc ekeyk turk dh vnkyr esa vk tkrk gSA
dkj.k fd] cqjkbZ mtkxj gksrs gh] mlds eksgjs ,d&,d dj
fiVus yxrs gSa] og ejuk 'kq: gks tkrh gSA
èkwrrZ k vkSj eDdkjh ls Hkjiwj] ns'k ds fny dks >d>ksj dj jksxa Vs
[kM+s dj nsus okyh] ;FkkFkZ ds èkjkry ij---- dkuwu dh èkfTt;kWa mM+krh--- vkidh dYiuk ls ijs---- ,d uaxh lPpkbZA vkidh [kkfrj izLrqr gS--lQsniks'kksa dks csudkc djus ds fy,A
rks Lokxr gS vkidk esjs I;kjs fe=ksa] bl fuosnu ds lkFk--- fd <ks y
ds vUnj dh iks y ns[kus ds fy,] Ïi;k *jes'kukes* ds vxys iUus ij
igqWapsa

nks djksM+ ds bZuke
fdrkc i<+ks] djksM+ifr cuks
fnekx yxkvks] bZuke ikvksA
*dfyuk;d* ,d ,slh fdrkc gS] tks igyh ckj lEekuuh; ikBdksa dks
y[kifr&djksM+ifr cukus dk flyflyk 'kq: dj jgh gSA **dfyuk;d** ds
ikBdksa dh iz[kj esèkk dk **vf[ky Hkkjrh; dfyuk;d lkekU; Kku
izfr;ksfxrk** ijh{kk ds ekè;e ls ijh{k.k fd;k tk,xkA bl dlkSVh ij
[kjk mrjus okys HkkX;'kkyh fotsrkvksa dks feysxk <sj lkjs bZukeksa dk
fiVkjk-- fd cVksjrs cVksjrs Fkd tk,aA

ik,a---pkyhl yk[k dk bZuke
ke&

cus edku ekfyd] dkj ekfyd]
1- izFke iqjLdkj& 25 yk[k #i, ewY; dk edku ;k uxn A
2- f}rh; iqjLdkj& 10 yk[k #i, ewY; dh dkj ;k uxn A
3- r`rh; iqjLdkj& 5 yk[k #i, ewY; dk ghjs dk gkj ;k uxnA A
bl rjg [kqn dk ¶ySV gkfly djus dk] dkj ekfyd gksus dk] ghjs dk
gkj iguus dk liuk lkdkj dj dgk tk ldrk gS fd ge Hkh de ughaA
bZuke vkSj Hkh gaS&

iPphl yk[k #i, dh Nk=o`fRr

ikaWp lkS Nk=ksa dks ikWap gtkj #i, Nk=o`fÙk

&yss[kd

ikaWp lkS ydh Nk=ksa dks dfyuk;d Nk=o`fÙk (LdkWyjf'ki) crkSj ikWap
gtkj :i, ,d o"kZ ds fy, iznku dh tk,xhA rks nsj fdl ckr dh\ djks]
ijh{kk dh rS;kjhA 'kq: ls var rd ckj&ckj i<+ks& **dfyuk;d**A gj vge
tkudkjh dks jVks vkSj lgh tokc fy[kdj gkfly djks LdkWyjf'kiA rks

dfyuk;d

7

8

rks cuus ds fy, lcdk pgsrk&

fny ls dgks& **[kqy tk fle&fle**A vc vkids lkeus gS&&

50 yk[k dk cEij izkbt

ykvks v.Mk] ikvks v.Mk

dqy nks djksM+ ds bZukeksa esa ls 50 yk[k dk cEij izkbt fuEufyf[kr
nLrkostksa dh ewy izfr;kWa igyh ckj eqgS;k djkus okyksa dks feysxkA 'krZ
flQZ bruh gS fd igys vkvks] vkSj ikvksA
(1) 13 ekpZ 1985 dk ,xzhesUV vkWQ lsy ftlds cy ij jes'k
nSfud HkkLdj Hkksiky dk ekfyd cu cSBk gS] mldh vlyh izfr (vksfjtuy
lsy MhM) fn[kkvks vkSj nl yk[k ikvksA
(2) 11 ekpZ 1985 ds fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV Xokfy;j ds ftl
fMDys;js'ku ds cy ij jes'k Xokfy;j ls v[kckj Nki jgk FkkA mldh
vlyh izfr fn[kkus ij nl yk[k #i, dk bZuke fn;k tk;sxkA
(3) lu 1985 dh vksjhtuy lsVyesUV (ikVhZ'ku MhM) fn[kkvks]
nl yk[k ikvksA
(4) ckjgok vè;k; i<+dj HkkLdj lewg ls jRu [kjhnus okys fons ' kh
[kjhnnkjk
[kjhnnkjksa (Foreign Buyers) ds uke] VsyhQksu uEcj vkSj mu fons'kh
O;kikfj;ksa ds }kjk jRu cspus ij fn;k tek lsy VSDl vkSj bude VSDl
fjVuZ dh dkih nsus ij 20 yk[k ds bZuke ds gdnkj cuksA ,d vkSj vkWQj

bl iqjLdkj dk uke **dfyuk;d ykvks v.Mk] ikvks v.Mk** iqjLdkj
gSA ;s iqjLdkj gS nqfu;k dk lcls cM+k vtwckA bls thrus ds fy, *gkjdj*
iwjk dj yksxs viuk gj ealwckA
1- D;k bZuke feysxk& fny Fkkedj if<+,]
lksus dk v.Mk feysxkA iPphl izfrHkkfx;ksa dks 5 rksyk otu dk ,d
yk[k ewY; dk lksus dk v.Mk feysxk vkSj ipkl izfrHkkfx;ksa dks <kbZ rksyk
otu dk ipkl gtkj #i, ewY; dk lksus dk v.Mk feysxkA ipgRrj yksxksa
dh esfjV cusxhA ipkl yk[k dk bZuke gSA
2- dc feysxk& vjs HkkbZ! rHkh feysxk tc *dfyuk;d ykvks v.Mk]
ikvks v.Mk ijh{kk* esa] ykvksxs thjks ;kuh v.MkA izfr;ksxh ijh{kk esa v.Mk
;kuh 'kwU; vad ykus okys izfrHkkxh dks ;g bZuke feysxkA ;g gkj] ,slh oSlh
gkj ugha gSA
3- D;k djuk gS& blds fy, vkidks ***dfyuk;d ykvks v.Mk]
ikvks v.Mk izfr;ksfxrk** ijh{kk esa iwNs x;s oSdfYid mÙkjksa okys lkS lokyksa
dks gy djuk gSA è;ku ;s j[kuk gS fd vkidks lkjs iz'u bl rjg ls gy
djuk gS fd vkidk ,d Hkh tokc lgh ugha gksA vFkkZr~ vkidk fu'kku lgh
mÙkj ij u yxk gksA vkidk gjsd mÙkj xyr gksA blls vkidks feysaxs&
100 v.Ms vkSj lkFk gh lkFk ik;saxs vki] lksus dk v.MkA rks djuk ;gh gS
;kjksa fd iwNs x, oSdfYid mÙkjksa okys lHkh lkS lokyksa ds xyr tokc ij
yxk nks lgh dk fu'kkuA ,d Hkh mÙkj èkks[ks ls fVd u gks tk, lgh] bl
ckr dk j[kuk gksxk iwjk è;kuA lkS ds lkS v.Ms ikus ij vkidh tsc eas gksxk
lksus dk v.MkA ;gh rks gS *gkj dh thr* dk uk;kc QaMkA
4- jgsa lkoèkku& thrus ds fy, rks lHkh [ksyrs gSa ij lp iwNk tk,
rks gkjus ds fy, [ksyuk thrus ls T;knk esgur dk dke gSA blds fy, cM+k
R;kx djuk iM+rk gS] lgh tokc ekywe gksrs gq, Hkh tkucw>dj eD[kh
fuxyuh iM+rh gS ;kuh xyr mÙkj ij yxkuk iM+rk gS fu'kkuA ;g dksbZ

&

gkjus ij Hkh feysxk iqjLdkj
gkjdj thrus okys dks ckthxj dgrs gSaA vxj vki thr ugha lds rks
dksbZ ckr ugha] *fQdj ukWV* D;ksafd ge gSa uA gkjus ij Hkh ge vkidks dj
nsaxs ekyk ekyA ;s gS& gkj dh thr--thr---rc vkidks vius ?kj okyksa ls feysxh
okgokfg;kaW] nksLr nsaxs cèkkb;kWa] ctsaxh rkfy;kaA lc dgsaxs& 'kkcklA vki
vc gkj dj ?kj esa lcls T;knk pgsrs cu tkvksxAs
blfy, lkfcr djds] [kqn dks lcls cM+k *MQj*----- cu ldrs gSa vki
fldanjA fQj dgkor myVdj yksx dgsaxs& **tks gkjk ogh fldanjA**

dfyuk;d

9

10

ljy dke ugha gSA blds fy, QkSyknh dystk pkfg,A tkucw>dj feLVj
fQlM~Mh lkfcr gksus dk gkSlyk pkfg,A fny ij iRFkj j[kdj fnekx dk
bLrseky djus dk gquj pkfg,A ,d lgh tokc <wWa<+us dh rqyuk esa 3 xyr
tokc <wWa<+uk T;knk esgur dk dke gSA blfy, gkjus dk iz;kl thrus ds
iz;kl esa dgha T;knk e'kDdr djus okyk gSA

eSp fQDllZ tSlh [kksiM+h

eSp fQfDlax ls f'k{kk xzg.k djks&
fØdsV dk ,d eSp ,slk Hkh gqvk Fkk ftlesa nksuksa Vhesa gkjuk pkgrh FkhaA
thrus dh Hkjiwj dwcr ds ckotwn eSp fQDllZ viuh Vhe dks cM+h lQkbZ
ls gjk nsrs gSa vkSj cnys esa lVksfj;ksa dks gksrh gS vdwr dekbZ] ftldk ,d
'ks;j fØdsVlZ dh tsc esa pyk tkrk gSA
os bruh bZekunkjh ls] bruh lQkbZ ls gkjha fd fdlh dks mldh Hkud
rd ugha yxh fds os gkjus ds fy, [ksy jgs gSaA ;g ikB vki Hkh i<+ksA
lpeqp esa gkjus ds fy, [ksyuk & ;g rks 'ksj fny okyksa dk dke gSA rks
rS;kjh esa yx tkb;s izfr;ksfxrk dhA 'ksjfnyksa dl yks dej] pkfg, lksus
dk v.Mk vxj] ;gh gS rjDdh dh MxjA

nl yk[k #i, ds

lkaRouk iqjLdkj
dqy feykdj ***dfyuk;d ykvks v.Mk] ikvks v.Mk izfr;ksfxrk**
ijh{kk esa de ls de vad ikus dk izek.k&i= gkfly djus okys ,d gtkj
izfrHkkfx;ksa dks vkd"kZd migkj feysaxsA buesa 'kkfey gksaxs ikdZj ds 'kkunkj
isu] eksckby vkSj ekmFk vkWxZuA rks cukb, bl fdrkc *dfyuk;d* dks
viuk nksLr vkSj ikb, liuksa dks iwjk djus dk jkLrkA

iPphl yk[k #i, ds iqjLdkj

dfyuk;d [kksth iqjLdkj
D;k vki dqpys x, gSa\ dhft, *dfyuk;d* dk inkZQk'kA lqèkh
ikBdksa]*dfyuk;d* dks i<+dj ;fn vkids Hkhrj dqN mcyk gks] rks Lokxr
gS vkidkA dfyuk;d ds dkjukeksa dks crkus okyh dfyuk;d lhjht dh

dfyuk;d

11

dfyuk;d fo'ks"k** ds fy, izdk'ku ;ksX; izekf.kd tkudkjh
vxyh iqLrd **dfyuk;d
eqgS;k djkus okys dks tkudkjh ds egRo ds vuqlkj feysxk #i;kA blds
fy, 25 yk[k #i, dk dks"k cuk;k x;k gSA ;fn vki pkgsaxs vkidk uke
j[kk tk, xqIr rks oknk gS gekjk] mtkxj ugha gksxh vkidh igpkuA D;ksafd
gekjh nkSyr gS vkidk fo'okl vkSj gekjk bZekuA rks nsj fdl ckr dh
mBkb, dkxt vkSj dye vkSj fy[k Hksft,& *vkichrh*A ;gh fd dc] dgkWa]
dSls] D;ksa] fdlfy, dfyuk;d vkSj mldh rksi *nSfud HkkLdj* us fd;k
Fkk vkids lkFk *beks'kuy vR;kpkj*--- ywVh Fkh vkidh esgur dh dekbZA
mNkyh Fkh vkidh bTtrA
fu;e vkSj 'krs±&
1- dfyuk;d izdk'ku ls lacfèkr yksx bl izfr;ksfxrk esa Hkkx ugha
ys ldsaxsaA
2- izfr;ksfxrk esa Hkkx ysus ds fy, bl iqLrd dks [kjhnus dh t:jr
ughaA iqLrd dks gekjh osclkbV ls Hkh MkmuyksM dj ldrs gSaA
3- ijh{kk dh frFkh vkSj fotsrkvksa ds uke dh ?kks"k.kk v[kckj vkSj
osclkbV ds ekè;e ls dh tk,xhA
4- izfr;ksfxrk esa Hkkx ysus ds fd, dksbZ 'kqYd ugha gSA
5- fu.kkZ;d eaMy dk fu.kZ; vafre gksxkA
6- djuk D;k gS& **vf[ky Hkkjrh; dfyuk;d lkekU; Kku
izfr;ksfxrk** ijh{kk esa vkidks iwNs x;s pkj fodYi okys 100
iz'uksa ds fdlh ,d lgh mÙkj ij fu'kku yxkuk gSA
8- ykvks v.Mk] ikvks v.Mk] izfr;ksfxrk esa Hkkx ysus okys dks lHkh
iz'uksa ds ml ,d mÙkj ij fu'kku yxkuk gS] tks lgh ugha gSA
9- izfr;ksfxrk esa fdlh Hkh mez ds O;fDr Hkkx ys ldrs gSaA dksbZ vk;q
caèku ughaA
iqjLdkj thrus dk ekSdk u xaok,a] iqLrd i<+dj ljLorh ds lkFk&lkFk
y{eh Hkh ik,aA
12

igyk vè;k;

dfyuk;d ds tUe dh
*eugwl ?kM+h*
}kjdk ds ?kj] nqHkkZX; dh nLrd
,d *eugwl ?kM+h* esa }kjdk izlkn vxzoky o dLrwjh nsoh ds
diwr ds :i esa tUes jes'k pUnz vxzoky us ml iy dks dkyh L;kgh ls
jax fn;k] ftl iy mlus èkjrh ij iSj j[ksA fnu cqèkokj] ekg uoEcj]
o"kZ 1944] le; lqcg 5 cts] LFkku >kWalh] mÙkj izn's k esa cnulhc
ekaW ds yky ds :i esa jes'k dk tUe gqvkA
dgk tkrk gS fd fodjky jko.k us tc vius dne èkjrh ij
j[ks Fks] rc vkleku esa dkys&dkys [kkSQukd ckny pkjkas vksj ls
meM+us&?kqeM+us yxs Fks] pkjksa vksj ls rwQku o coaMj f?kj vk;k Fkk] lc
rjQ ?ku?kksj vaèkdkj Nk x;k Fkk] gfM~M;kWa] diky vkfn dk t[khjk cu
x;k Fkk] dqÙks&fl;kj ph[kus&fpYykus yxs Fks] ekuork fry&frydj
jksus yxh FkhA
jes'k ds tUe ds le; tks gqvk] mls crkus ds fy, dksbZ
*okYehdh* iSnk ugha gqvkA rc fdlh dks D;k irk Fkk--- fd jes'k pUæ
vxzoky ds iSnk gksus dk fnu] i=dkfjrk ds bfrgkl dk ;g dkyk fnu]
flQZ ,d fnu esa u fleVdj iwjs lkekftd bfrgkl dks dyafdr dj
nsus okyk fnu gks tk;sxk\ pfy,] vc tjk jes'k ds oa'k dh tkudkjh
ysrs gSa%&

,d utj oa'ko`{k ij
jes'kpUnz vxzoky ds nknk ds'konso vxzoky ds rhu iq=

dfyuk;d

13

Fks& }kjdk izlkn] fo'kEHkj n;ky vkSj egs'k izlknA blesa lcls cM+s
}kjdk izlkn vxzoky] eWa>ys fo'kEHkj n;ky vxzoky
vkSj NksVs egs'k izlkn vxzoky FksA
}kjdk izlkn vxzoky us nks fookg fd;sA igyh iRuh dLrw j h
nsoh ls mudh rhu larkusa gqbZ& jes'k] ehuk o uhyeA nwljh iRuh
fd'kksjh nsoh ls mudh 'kknh lu~1944 esa gqbZA fd'kksjh nsoh ls nks
lUrkusa gqb±& gseyrk o vuqjkèkkA
jes'k dh 'kknh 'kkjnk nsoh ls gqbZ] ftuls rhu csVs gq,&
lqèkhj vxzoky] fxjh'k vxzoky vkSj iou vxzokyA fo'kEHkj n;ky ikWap
csVksa ds firk cusA muds cPpksa ds uke eueksgu] vt;] dSyk'k] izdk'k
vkSj jkds'k j[ks x,A egs'k izlkn vxzoky ds bdykSrs csVs dk uke lat;
vxzoky gSA rks ;s gS jes'k dk [kkunkuA
vc ge vkidks fn[kkrs gSa&

nSfud HkkLdj dh i`"BHkwfe
lu 1952 esa }kjdk izlkn vius ifjokj ds lkFk >kWalh ls
Hkksiky vk,A mUgksaus vius nksuksa Hkkb;ksa fo'kEHkj n;ky vkSj egs'k izlkn
dks lkFk ysdj nSfud HkkLdj dh 'kq:vkr dhA

;g bl fuEu eè;eoxhZ; ifjokj ds la?k"kZ ds fnu FksA vkxs
vki ns[ksxa s fd dSls ;g xjhc ifjokj] 'kkgh ifjokj esa rCnhy gks x;kA

'kq#vkr esa dsoy }kjdk izlkn ekfyd
lu~ 1952 ls Hkkjr ds jftLVªkj] U;wt isij ds fjdkWMZ esa
nSfud HkkLdj ds ekfyd ds :i esa }kjdk izlkn vxzoky dk uke ntZ
fd;k x;kA
ckY;koLFkk ls fd'kksjkoLFkk rd dk jes'k dk le; viuh NksVh
ekWa fd'kksjh vkSj cM+h ekaW dLrwjh nsoh dh xksn esa chrkA
jes'k FkksM+k vkSj cM+k gqvk rks vius firk ds dke esa gkFk caVkus
14

yxkA rc rd nSfud HkkLdj Hkksiky ds lkFk&lkFk] >kWalh] Xokfy;j o
mTtSu ls Hkh izdkf'kr gksus yxk FkkA

Hkksiky] Xokfy;j ,oa mTtSu esa mldh 'kk[kk,sa [kksyh tk,axhA QeZ ds
ikVZuj fdlh vU; LFkku ij 'kk[kk [kksy ldrs gSaA

nSfud HkkLdj ds gq,--- ekfyd pkj

fdldk fdruk fgLlk

la;qDr ifjokj esa vkxs ,dtqVrk cuh jgs] bl mn~n's ; ls
}kjdk izlkn us mnkjrkiwoZd nl vizSy 1972 dks la;qDr ifjokj
ds lkjs O;kikj dks lk>snkjh QeZ esa ifjofrZr dj fn;kA
bl ikVZujf'ki MhM esa QeZ dk uke j[kk x;k& eS l lZ }kjdk
izlkn vxzoky ,.M cznlZA
QeZ }kjk fd;s tk jgs O;kikj ls QeZ dk uke gksrk gSA og uke
;kuh [;kfr (xqMfoy)] tks fd QeZ dh ,d laifÙk gksrh gSA ikVZujf'ki
MhM ds ekè;e ls nSfud HkkLdj dk ekfydkuk gd **VkbfVy** vkSj
**xqMfoy** }kjdk izlkn ls bl QeZ dks lkSai nh xbZA
bl izdkj igys nSfud HkkLdj ds }kjdk izlkn vdsys ekfyd
Fks] ysfdu vc pkj ekfyd gks x,A

bl QeZ esa }kjdk izlkn dk 25 izfr'kr] muds iq= jes ' k dk
15 izfr'kr] HkkbZ fo'kEHkj vkSj egs ' k dk 30&30 izfr'kr fgLlk
j[kk x;kA vkxs vki ns[ksaxs fd %&

vlyh ekfyd] }kjdk
,d ckj }kjdk dk uke vkj,uvkbZ ds fjdkWMZ esa nSfud
HkkLdj ds ekfyd ds :i esa p<+ x;k rks fdlh dh D;k etky tks ml
ij viuk gd trk;sA ysfdu%&
;g }kjdk izlkn vxzoky dh egkurk gh Fkh fd ftl nSfud
HkkLdj ds ekfyd ds :i esa lu~ 1952 ls mudk uke pyk vk jgk
Fkk] ftls mUgksaus vius [kwu&ilhus ls lhapk] viuh esgur ls dke;kch
dh ÅaWpkbZ rd ys x;s] mls Lo;a u j[kdj lu~ 1972 esa QeZ dks ns
fn;kA lkFk gh vius ls T;knk fgLlk vius HkkbZ;kssa dks ns fn;kA ;s Fkk-- cM+s HkkbZ dk cM+k fnyA
;g r; fd;k x;k fd fctusl esllZ }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,.M
cznlZ ds uke ls fd;k tk,xkA O;kikj dk eq[; LFkku >kWalh gksxk vkSj

dfyuk;d

15

15 izfr'kr dk xksyeky 100 ij tkdj Fkesxk
vkius ns[kk fd tc nSfud HkkLdj ds ekfydkuk gd dk foHkktu
gqvk rks jes'k ds fgLls esa dsoy iUnzg izfr'kr dk VqdM+k vk;k FkkA vkxs
vki tkusaxs fd dSls jes'k us frdM+e yxkdj15 dk 100 cuk dj
iwjk dk iwjk HkkLdj gM+i fy;kA

vkWujf'ki fjdkMZ esa cnyko
1972 dh ikVZujf'ki MhM ds ckn jftLVªkj] U;wt isij vkWQ
bafM;k ds fjdkWMZ esa nSfud HkkLdj ds ekfyd ds :i esa }kjdk izlkn
vxzoky ds LFkku ij QeZ& }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,.M cznlZ dk
uke ntZ gks x;k vkSj nSfud HkkLdj lekpkj i= dh xqMfoy ges'kk&ges'kk
ds fy, lk>snkjh QeZ esa lekfgr gks xbZA
QeZ dh LFkkiuk ds ckn nSfud HkkLdj lekpkj i= dk O;kikj vkSj
T;knk Qyus&Qwyus yxkA

ikVZujf'ki MhM dh [kkl 'krZ
nl vizSy 1972 ds fnu rS;kj **ikVZujf'ki&MhM** esa lcls
egRoiw.kZ 'krZ ;g fy[kh Fkh fd dksbZ Hkh ikVZuj QeZ dks Hkax djus dh
ekWax ugha dj ldrkA
;fn dksbZ ikVZuj QeZ ls fjVk;j gksuk pkgrk gS rks og vius
fgLls dk ykHkka'k ysdj fjVk;j gks ldrk gSA ysfdu og xqMfoy ij
viuk fgLlk ({kfriwfrZ) ugha ekWax ldrkA
16

balku ejk] gSoku tkxk

ikVZujf'ki&MhM dh ,d 'krZ ;g Hkh Fkh fd QeZ okfjlksa ds

firk dks detksj iM+rs ns[k jes'k lkjk lkezkT; vdsys gM+ius
dh cjlksa ls vius eu esa nch ;kstuk dks dk;kZfUor djus yxkA vc

ekè;e ls pyrh jgsxh] ;g dHkh Hkax ugha gksxhA

Xokfy;j ds fy, daiuh
lu~ 1977 esa dke c<+us ij nSfud HkkLdj ds Xokfy;j
laLdj.k dk izdk'ku dk;Z lqpk# :i ls pykus ds fy, ,d dEiuh cukbZ
xbZA ftldk uke j[kk x;k& **HkkLdj ifCyds ' ku ,a M ,ykbM
bUMLVª h ****AA
QeZ ds }kjk dEiuh dks nSfud HkkLdj dk VkbVy *yht* ij
ns fn;k x;kA
daiuh esa }kjdk izlkn vxzoky dks eSusftax Mk;jsDVj cuk;k
x;k rFkk ,lksfl,'ku ds vkfVZdy esa fy[kk x;k fd }kjdk izlkn
vxzoky daiuh ds cksMZ ds vè;{k cusaxsA
lc dqN Bhd Bkd py jgk FkkA pkjksa rjQ veu&pSu FkkA ;gh
og le; Fkk ftldk jes'k pUnz vxzoky vius Nqis gq, 'kSrkuh ealwcksa dks
iwjk djus ds fy, O;xzrk ds lkFk bartkj dj jgk FkkA bl le`¼
vxzoky ifjokj dks LoIu esa Hkh ;g bYe ugha Fkk fd ?kj ds fpjkx ls gh
lacaèkksa dks vkx yxus okyh gSA
bèkj }kjdk izlkn dh mez c<+ jgh FkhA mez esgur ij Hkkjh iM+us
yxhA o"kZ 1982 esa tc jes'k 38 lky dk Fkk] }kjdk izlkn dks ydos
dk nkSjk (vVSd) iM+ x;k FkkA blfy, }kjdk izlkn us Hkksiky] >kaWlh]
bankSj vkSj tcyiqj dh ftEesnkjh vius iq= vkSj nksuksa HkkbZ;ksa dks
lkaSi nh vkSj [kqn dks Xokfy;j rd lhfer dj fy;kA
rc rd }kjdk dk vius iq= jes'k ij ls fo'okl mB pqdk Fkk
vkSj mUgsa viuh iq=h gseyrk esa laHkkouk utj vkus yxh FkhA o"kZ 1984
esa mUgkasus Xokfy;j dh daiuh ds cksMZ vkWQ Mk;jsDVlZ esa gseyrk dks
LFkk;h Mk;jsDVj ds :i esa 'kkfey fd;kA

dfyuk;d

17

jes'k [kqydj lkeus vk x;k vkSj csèkM+d gksdj viuh pkysa pyus
yxkA
blls iqjkuk tekuk fonk gks x;kA ifjokj esa *egkHkkjr* 'kq:
gks xbZA vkil ds yM+kbZ&>xM+s ?kj ls fudydj dksVZ&dpgjh rd igqWap
x,A *nSfud HkkLdj* dks 'kr&izfr'kr gM+ius ij veknk jes'k dh djrwr
ls ;s lc gqvkA

}kjdk izlkn dh dksf'k'ksa ukdke
,d firk ds :i esa }kjdk izlkn us jes'k dks lqèkkjus dh cgqr
dksf'k'k dh] exj lc csdkjA jes'k dqRrs dh iwN
Wa dh rjg VsMk+ cu x;k FkkA
jes'k }kjdk izlkn dh ikWap larkuksa esa vdsyk yM+dk FkkA
jes'k us vius fNis gq, ealwcksa dks iwjk djus ds fy, lcls igys&
(1) firk }kjdk izlkn] NksVh ekaW fd'kksjh nsoh] cgu gseyrk
vkSj vuqjkèkk dks] fQj
(2) pkpk fo'kEHkj vxzoky vkSj muds iq=ks
=ksa dks vkSj fQj
(3) pkpk egs'k izlkn vxzoky vkSj muds iq= lat; dks
pkyckft;ksa ls nwèk esa efD[k;ksa dh rjg fudky QsadkA
(4) fQj vketu vkSj 'kklu ds lkFk ywV&[klksV dhA
jes'k us lcls igys }kjdk ds iPphl izfr'kr dks vius fgLls
esa feykdj iUnzg ls pkyhl Qhlnh HkkLdj vius fgLls esa dj fy;kA
blds ckn%&

fpfM+;k pqx xbZ [ksr
eSllZ }kjdk izlkn ,.M cznlZ dks fdukjs yxkrs gq, esllZ
jkbVlZ ,.M ifCy'klZ fyfeVsM] Hkksiky dh dwV jpuk djds lk>snkjksa
18

dks tksj dk >Vdk fn;kA ftls os le> ughs ik,A ;gha ls nksuksa pkpk dk
rhl&rhl izfr'kr fgLlk egt uke dk gksdj jg x;kA blls dy ds
othj vc I;knksa lh gSfl;r ds gksdj jg x,A
bl rjg jes'k iwjs HkkLdj dk ekfyd cu cSBkA pkpk vkSj muds
csVksa dh vkWa[ksa [kqyha rks fo'okl?kkr ds f[kykQ muds iz;kl 'kq: gq,A
ysfdu rc rd jes'k viuh pky esa dke;kc gks pqdk FkkA
cgqr tn~nks&tgn gqbZ] rc dgha fo'kEHkj vkSj egs'k dkdk dks
uke ek= dk fgLlk ulhc gqvkA pkpkvksa dks vius jgeks&dje ij
HkkLdj ds laLdj.k izdkf'kr djus okyk lkfcr djus esas jes'k us dksbZ
xqjst ugha fd;kA

vkSj fQj tks ,d ckj 'kq: gqvk] jes'k dh dkyh djrwrksa dk
[kqyk [ksy] mlus vkt rd #dus dk uke gh ugha fy;kA Bhd Hkh gS%&
tYn p<+uk gS rks lh<+h Vs<+h rks djuh iM+sxhA
lQyrk ikus ds fy, jes'k us ifjokj] lekt vkSj ns'k dks
èkks [ kk fn;kA ifjokj] vketu vkSj 'kklu] dksbZ ugha cp ldk yqVus lsA
;s dSls fd;k\ vkbZ,] vc bl jkt dks ,d&,d djds vkxs ds vè;k;ksa
esa tkusaA

dfyuk;d

19

nwljk vè;k;

jes'k dk vkWijs'ku Hkksiky
bl vè;k; esa fn, x, rF;ksa dh lPpkbZ ds lcwrksa dk voyksdu
djus ds fy, nLrkostksa dk layXu lhMh esa ladyu fd;k x;k gSA blls
*dfyuk;d* dh *djrwrksa* ds izek.kksa ls eq[kkfrc gqvk tk ldrk gSA

QthZ lsyMhM
jktèkkuh Hkksiky dh nSfud HkkLdj dh laifÙk dks gM+ius ds fy,
jes'k us ,d QthZ lsVyesUV MhM cukbZ] lkFk esa ,d QthZ djkjukek
;kuh ,xzhesUV vkWQ lsy 13 ekpZ 1985 dks rS;kj fd;kA

QthZ MhM dgs& jes'k dks cukvks ekfyd
jes'k ds cuk, ml bdjkjukes ;kuh ,xzhesUV esa fy[kk Fkk fd
}kjdk izlkn us nSfud HkkLdj ds Hkksiky ifCyds'kal ds ;kuh nSfud
HkkLdj ds Hkksiky {ks= ds VkbVy vfèkdkj vkSj xqMfoy dks jes'k dh
daiuh ;kuh esllZ jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ dks ikWap yk[k #i;s esa csp
nh gS A
jes'k ds ml tkyh ,xzhesUV esa ;g Hkh fy[kk Fkk fd esllZ }kjdk
izlkn vxzoky ,aM cznlZ dh 4764 oxZQhV Hkwfe (tks IykV ua- 6] izsl
dkWEiysDl] egkjk.kk izrki uxj Hkksiky esa fLFkr Fkh)] dks Hkh lkFk esa
jes'k dh daiuh dks csp fn;k x;k gSA
è;ku jgs fd eSllZ jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ daiuh jes'k pUnz
vxzoky dh ekfydkuk gd okyh daiuh gSA eSllZ jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ
20

ds eSufs tax Mk;jsDVj dh gSfl;r ls jes'k us ;s ,xzhesUV fd;k gS] ,slk ml
,xzhesUV esa fn[kk;k x;k FkkA
njvly] og ,xzhesUV iw.kZr% QthZ FkkA ;g rks viuh vyx
daiuh cukdj viuh daiuh esa nSfud HkkLdj dks xVdus dk pØO;wg jpk
Fkk jes'k usA
pfy,] vc Hkksiky esa fd, x, jes'k ds bl QthZokM+s dks ijr nj
ijr tkusa%&
igyk QthZokM+k&

jes'k us 'kklu&iz'kklu ds lkFk feydj mDr tehu dks
vkS j jftLVªkj] U;wt isij vkWQ bafM;k ds lkFk feydj nSfud
HkkLdj Hkksiky dk VkbVy vfèkdkj viuh daiuh jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ
ds uke djk fy;kA
jes'k ls lh[ksa fd] fcuk jftLVªh ds ekfydkuk gd dSls gkfly
fd;k tkrk gSA ;g vkVZ vkidks dgha vkSj <w<a s ls Hkh ugha feysxhA
bl rjg voSèk&QthZ ,xzhesUV dk jes'k us mBk;k iwjk ykHkA vkSj
bl rjg gqvk%&
rhljk QthZokM+k&

,xzhesUV dks crk;k lsy MhM

eq¶r esa gkfly dh --- djksaM+ksa dh laifRr

ets dh ckr ;g gS fd jes'k dk og dfFkr ,xzhesUV flQZ
,xzhesUV (djkjukek) Fkk u fd lsy ,xzhesUV (foØ; i=)A djkj vkSj
foØ; i= esa tehu vkSj vkleku dk varj gksrk gSA
ml ,xzhesUV esa ;g Hkh fy[kk Fkk fd jftLVªh ds ckn ckdh dk
iSlk fn;k tk;sxkA tks fd dHkh ugha fn;k x;kA D;ksafd ;gkaW vc gqvk%&

èkks[ks dk èkaèkk djus okys jes'k us QthZ ,xzhesUV rks cuok;k gh]
Åij ls [kqn gh ,d yk[k #i, HkkLdj ifCyds'kal ds uke ij tek fd;s
vkSj mlh us vius #i, [kqn gh okfil Hkh fudky fy;sA okLro esa jes'k
us dHkh ml foØ; ds fy, dksbZ Hkqxrku fd;k gh ugha FkkA bls dgrs gSa--- lkaWi Hkh ej x;k vkSj ykBh Hkh u VwVhA
og lsy&MhM jftLV MZ Hkh ugha FkhA vkSj bl izdkj jes'k us
QthZ lsy&MhM ij yxus okyh LVkEi M~;wVh ds iSls Hkh cpk fy;sA vkSj
fQj gqvk%&
pkSFkk QthZokM+k&

nwljk QthZokM+k&

fcuk jftLVªh--- ekfyd cus jes'k
}kjdk izlkn us mDr ,xzhesUV ds vkèkkj ij jes'k ds i{k esa dHkh
dksbZ jftLVª h ugha dhA
u gh ml ,xzhesVa ij QeZ ds pkjksa fgLlsnkjksa tSls fo'kEHkj vkSj
}kjdk ds gLrk{kj FksA vxj ;s FkksM+h nsj ds fy, eku Hkh fy;k tk, fd
}kjdk us gLrk{kj fd;s rks Hkh ckdh fgLlsnkjksa us ;g ,xzhesVa djus ds fy,
mUgsa dksbZ vFkkfjVh ugha nh FkhA ijar%q &

dfyuk;d

21

dkuwu ds foijhr fd;k ,xzhesUV
è;ku jgs fd vxj eSllZ }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,aM cznlZ ds
lHkh ikVZuj ,d lkFk feydj Hkh bl rjg dk ,xzhesUV djuk pkgrs rks
Hkh jes'k dh daiuh ds lkFk ,slk ,xzhesUV djus dk mUgs dkuwuu dksbZ
vfèkdkj ugha FkkA
22

;gkWa ;g iz'u mBrk gS fd tc nSfud HkkLdj VkbVy dh ekfyd
QeZ gS vkSj QeZ esa dqy pkj fgLlsnkj gSa vkSj os pkjksa ds pkjksa gh vxj
nSfud HkkLdj] Hkksiky dk ekfydkuk gd jes'k dks cspuk pkgrs gS]a rks
fQj vkf[kj mUgs%a &

D;ksa ugha Fkk cspus dk vfèkdkj\
dkj.k fd] izsl ,aM jftLVsª'ku ,DV ds vuqlkj ,d jkT;
esa ,d uke ds v[kckj ds nks ekfyd ugha cu ldrsA
nSfud HkkLdj dk Hkksiky dk VkbVy vfèkdkj esllZ jkbVlZ
,aM ifCy'klZ daiuh dks gks vkSj Xokfy;j] bankSj dk esllZ }kjdk izlkn
vxzoky ,aM cznlZ dks gks] bl rjg dk ,xzhesUV djuk xSjdkuwuh FkkA
blfy, og ,xzhesUV dkuwu dh utjksa esa 'kwU; FkkA

lQyrk dk dfy;qxh QaMk
bl ?kVukØe ls lQyrk dk dfy;qxh (jes'kh) QaMk ;gh
fudyrk gS fd--**tkyh nLrkost cukus ls igys vPNs odhy ls e'kfojk dj
yksA **
;g xyrh ckn esa jes'k dks le> esa vkbZ fd mlus ,slk ,xzhesUV
cuk fy;k gS] tks dkuwuu gks gh ugha ldrkA vkxs vki i<+sxsa fd bl
QthZokM+s dks jes'k us nwljk QthZokM+k djds lqèkkjk ;kuh vkx ls vkx
cq>kbZA dj fn;k u deky\
1985 esa jes'kpUnz vxzoky us *QthZ nLrkost* ds
vkèkkj
ij nkok fd;k fd nSfud HkkLdj Hkksiky laLdj.k dk VkbVy eSllZ
jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ fy- dks gLrkarfjr gks x;k gS] ftldk LokfeRo
dfyuk;d
23

jes'kpUnz vxzoky ds ikl gSA bl *QthZ nLrkost* us ,d rjQ muds
firk ,oa pkpk ds chp vkSj nwljh vksj csVs jes'k vxzoky ds chp eqdneksa
dh J`a[kyk 'kq: dj nhA
vkb,] vc ns[kas fd viuh gh vkSykn ds dkjukeksa ls ijs'kku }kjdk
izlkn us bl jes'kh&QthZokM+s ds lacèk esa D;k fd;k%&

}kjdkizlkn us dh dysDVj ls f'kdk;r
14 fnlEcj 1987 dks }kjdk izlkn vxzoky us dysDVj tcyiqj
dks ,d i= lkSaikA ftlds ekè;e ls jes'k dh tkylkth dks mtkxj
fd;k x;kA bl i= dks tl dk rl uhps izLRkqr dj jgsa gSa&
Jheku~ ftykn.Mkfèkdkjh egksn;]
ftyk tcyiqj eè;izns'kA
fo"k;%& Mh-ih- vxzoky ,.M cznlZ] >kalh nSfud HkkLdj] Hkksiky
ds Jh jes'k vxzoky }kjk nSfud HkkLdj] tcyiqj dk
okn izLrqr fd;k x;k Fkk] mlds lacaèk esaA
egksn; th]
lsok esa fuosnu gS fd eSa }kjdkizlkn vxzoky ,.M cznlZ (jftLVMZ)
QeZ dk ekfyd ,oa ikVZuj gwAWa nSfud HkkLdj i= dk Lokeh }kjdkizlkn
vxzoky ,.M cznlZ (jftLVMZ) QeZ gSA esjs iq= Jh jes'kpUnz vxzoky
us vkids le{k QeZ ds ikVZuj Jh fo'kEHkjn;ky vxzoky ds fo#¼
nSfud HkkLdj] tcyiqj ds lacaèk esa tks izkFkZuk i= fn;k Fkk] eq>s vkt
gh fofnr gqvk gS fd mDr izkFkZuk i= ds lkFk mUgksaus nSfud HkkLdj
lekpkj i= eSllZ jkbVlZ ,.M ifCy'klZ izk- fy- Hkksiky dks cspus
ds lacaèk esa fnukad 16-2-87 dk fy[kk gqvk layXu i= izLrqr
24

fd;k FkkA bl i= ij esjs gLrk{kj ugha gSaA mUgksaus ;g i= vaxzsth
esa VkbZi djkdj esjs gLrk{kj tkyh cukdj vkids le{k is'k fd;k
gS A vkSj ;g i= mUgksaus blfy, cuk;k gS fd ftlls og vkils vius i{k
esa fu.kZ; ys ldsaA fuosnu gS fd mUgksaus i= esa vlR; fn[kk;k gS fd eSaus
og i= eSllZ jkbZVj ,.M ifCy'klZ izkbosV fyfeVsM] Hkksiky ds i=
Øekad MCy;w-ih-@136@&fnukWad 12&2&1987 ds mÙkj esa fnukad
16-2-87 dks fy[kk gSA tcfd eq>s mudk mDr i= ugha izkIr gqvk gS
vkSj u gh layXu i= eq>s Hkstk gSA bl i= ds i<+us ls ;g Hkh Li"V ugha
gksrk fd i= dgka ls Hkstk x;k gS] ;|fi ysVj iSM ij >kalh dk irk 31
jkuh egy fy[kk gqvk gS vkSj lkFk gh Hkksiky vkWfQl vxzoky Hkou
lqYrkfu;k jksM] Hkksiky fy[kk gSA
fuosnu gS fd 16-2-87 (Qjojh) dks u eSa >kWalh esa Fkk vkSj u gh
eSa 16-2-87 dks Hkksiky esa FkkA lkFk gh esjk dguk gS fd Hkksiky dk
vxzoky Hkou ftlesa nSfud HkkLdj] Hkksiky dk dk;kZy; Fkk] mls [kkyh
dj fn;k x;k Fkk vkSj mldks dbZ fdjk;snkjksa dks fdjk;s ij ns fn;k x;k
gSA vr% ogka ls fy[kus dk iz'u ugha mBrk gSA
bl i= esa ;g Hkh xyr fy[kk gS fd eSaus fn-13 ekpZ 1985 dks
bdjkjukek fy[kdj v[kckj nSfud HkkLdj dk VkbZVy esllZ jkbZVlZ
,.M ifCy'klZ] Hkksiky dks cspus dk bdjkjukek fy[k fn;k Fkk vkSj
blesa ;g Hkh xyr fy[kk gS fd fnukWad 1-4-85 ls QeZ }kjdkizlkn
vxzoky ,.M cznlZ dk ekfydkuk gd ugha gSA vkSj v[kckj Nkius dk
O;kikj cUn dj fn;k gSA ;g >wBh ckr mUgksaus èkks[kk nsdj vius i{k esa
QSlyk djkus ds fy, [kqn fy[kh gSA mudh ;s ckr vius vki esa >wB gS
D;ksafd mUgksaus tcyiqj ls nSfud HkkLdj izdkf'kr djus ds fy, fnukWad
dfyuk;d
25

16&10&87 dk ?kks"k.kk&i= vkids dk;kZy; esa fnukWd
a 20&10&87
dks ?kksf"kr dj vius gLrk{kj lfgr is'k fd;k gS ftlesa dkWye u- 10
esa esllZ Mh-ih-vxzoky ,.M cznlZ 31 jkuh egy] >kalh dks ekfyd vkSj
vius dks mldk ikVZuj crk;k gSA layXu i= esa ;g Hkh >wB fy[kk gS fd
ge yksxksa us tcyiqj ls nSfud HkkLdj izdkf'kr djus dk vfèkdkj ugha
fn;k gSA tcfd lgh ckr ;g gS fd HkkLdj izdk'ku izk-fy-Hkksiky dks
tcyiqj ls nSfud HkkLdj izdkf'kr djus dk vfèkdkj geus fn;k FkkA
nSfud HkkLdj] tcyiqj ds ekuuh; eq[;ea=h }kjk fnukWad 1-8-86 dks
gksus okys mn~?kkVu lekjksg esa Jh jes'kpUnz vxzoky vkSj muds iq= esjs
lkFk gh lfEefyr gq, Fks vkSj Jh egs'kizlkn vxzoky Hkh ekStwn Fks] rc
ls yxkrkj nSfud HkkLdj tcyiqj ls fudyrk vk jgk gSA vr% tkucw>dj
;g >wBh ckr mUgksaus v[kckj cUn djus ds fy, fy[kh gSA esjs tkyh
gLrk{kj cukdj tkyh i= cukdj mUgksaus dsl fd;k gSA vr% mudk ;g
dk;Z vijkèk gSA mfpr dk;Zokgh gsrq iqfyl dks izdj.k Hkstus dh
d`ik djsaA
fnukWad & 14-12-87
vkosnd

(}kjdk izlkn vxzoky)
ikVZuj
QeZ & }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,.M cznlZ
fuoklh 20 yfyriqj dkWyksuh
y'dj] Xokfy;jA

26

}kjdkizlkn us dh ,lih flVh ls Hkh f'kdk;r

dgkWa gS lsy MhM dh vk
vkWfjtuy
fjtuy dkWih\

14 fnlEcj 1987 dks gh }kjdk izlkn vxzoky us uxj iqfyl
vèkh{kd] vkserh laHkkx] tcyiqj dks fuEufyf[kr f'kdk;rh i= Hkstk&

}kjdk izlkn vxzoky }kjk lu~ 1987 esa ,d fyf[kr
f'kdk;r tcyiqj ftykfèkdkjh o lh-,l-ih ls dh x;hA ftlds
vkèkkj ij ftykfèkdkjh }kjk jes'kpUnz vxzoky dks vksfjtuy lsy
MhM is'k djus dk vkns'k fn;k x;kA exj%&
jes'kpUnz vxzoky mDr QthZ lsy MhM dh vksfjtuy dkWih
vkt rd is'k ugha dj ik;sA oLrqr% ,slh dksbZ MhM gS gh ugha] rks feysxh
dSlsA ukS eu rsy gksxk] rc u jkèkk ukpsxhA

izfr

Jheku~ uxj iqfyl vèkh{kd]
vkserh laHkkx] tcyiqj e-izfo"k;%& Mh-ih- vxzoky ,.M cznlZ] >kalh nSfud HkkLdj] Hkksiky ds Jh
jes'k vxzoky }kjk nSfud HkkLdj] tcyiqj dk okn izLrqr fd;k
x;k Fkk] mlds lacaèk esa f'kdk;r ntZ djkus ds ckor~A
egksn;]

lsok esa fuosnu gS fd nSfud HkkLdj fgUnh i= dh ekfyd QeZ Mhih-vxzoky ,.M cznlZ gSA eSa mldk ,d ikVZuj gwWaA esjk iq= Jh jes'k
vxzoky] esjk HkkbZ Jh egs'k vxzoky ,oa Jh fo'kEHkj n;ky vxzoky Hkh
ikVZuj gaSA
Jh jes'k vxzoky us esjs tkyh gLrk{kj cukdj layXu i=
fnukWad 16-2-87 dks tkyh i= cukdj ftykè;{k dk;kZy;] tcyiqj
esa ;g >wB fy[kdj is'k fd;k fd eSasus mudh QeZ jkbZVj ,.M ifCy'klZ
izkbosV fyfeVsM dks nSfud HkkLdj dk 'kh"kZd vkSj xqMfoy ikap yk[k esa
csp fn;k gSS tcfd eSaus mUgsa ,slk dksbZ cspkukek ugha fy[kk gS u gh
dksbZ ,xzhesUV fy[kk gSA mUgksaus èkks[kk nsus ds fy, vkSj vius uke
ij >wBh xokgh cukdj v[kckj cukus ds fy, tkyh i= cuk;k gSA
mudk ;g dk;Z vijkèk gS vr% mfpr dk;Zokgh djus dh d`ik djsaA
layXu i= dh izfrfyih ds ckjs esa eq>s vkt gh irk yxk gSA vr% vkt
eSa fjiksVZ dj jgk gwWwaA
14-12-87

vkosnd
(}kjdk izlkn vxzoky)
ikVZuj
QeZ& }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,.M cznlZ

fuoklh 20 yfyriqj dkWyksuh] y'dj] Xokfy;jA

dfyuk;d

27

Qkby xqeh---- iUuk xk;c
29 twu 2009 dks jes'kpUnz vxzoky ds pkpk egs'k izlkn
vxzoky us dsUnzh; lwpuk vk;ksx dks ,d i= HkstkA i= esa dgk x;k
fd%&
gesa vkj,uvkbZ ds dk;kZy; esa Qkbyksa ds fujh{k.k ds fy,
cqyk;k x;k FkkA 15 ebZ 2009 dks vkj-,u-vkbZ- }kjk gesa nSfud
HkkLdj VkbVy ls lacafèkr dbZ Qkbysa fn[kk;h xbZa exj vkids vkns'k
esa funsZf'kr nSfud HkkLdj VkbVy dh vksujf'ki VªkalQj ls lEcfUèkr
Qkby ugha fn[kk;h x;hA
bl lEcUèk esa vkj-,u-vkbZ- dk dguk gS fd og Qkby [kks
x;h gSA lkFk gh mUgksaus gesa nSfud HkkLdj VkbVy fjdkMZ ls lEcfUèkr
lh-vkj-jftLVj Hkh fn[kk;k ysfdu ml jftLVj ls nSfud HkkLdj
VkbVy ls lEcfUèkr fjdkMZ okyk i`"B Hkh xk;c FkkA
geus muls iqu% 27 ebZ 2009 dks i= fy[kdj vkxzg fd;k
fd og ,d ckj fQj ls nSfud HkkLdj VkbVy dh vksujf'ki VªkalQj ls
lEcfUèkr Qkby [kkstus dk iz;kl djsa ;k gesa ;g fy[kdj ns nsa fd
28

mijksDr Qkby muls [kks xbZ gSA geus muls ;g Hkh vkxzg fd;k fd vxj
mijksDr Qkby ugha feyrh gS rks og nSfud HkkLdj VkbVy dh vksujf'ki
VªkalQj dh MhM esllZ jkbVlZ ifCy'klZ fyfeVsM Hkksiky ls eaxokdj gesa
mldh lR;izfr nsus dh d`ik djsaA
ijUrq mUgksaus u rks [kkstus dk iz;kl fd;k u gh gesa Qkby
[kksus ds lEcUèk esa fy[k dj fn;k vkSj u gh mijksDr MhM eaxokus
dks rS;kj gaSA
vkils iqu% vkxzg gS fd vki gesa gekjs }kjk ekWaxh x;h ewy
lwpuk nSfud HkkLdj VkbVy vksujf'ki VªkalQj MhM tks eSllZ }kjdk
izlkn vxzoky ,.M cznlZ ds uke ls jkbVlZ ,.M ifCy'klZ fyfeVsM
Hkksiky ds uke dh xbZ gS] fnyokus dh d`ik djsaA
vkSj bl rjg gqbZ--- ltk nsus okys]

ykSfdd lQyrk dk dfy;qxh (jes'kh) QaMk
bl ?kVuk us ;gh ,d lans'k fn;k gS fd ;kn jgs &
**dkuwu ds gj mYya?ku ij ltk ughs feyrh] blfy, dkuwu
rksM+ks --- ysfdu rkdroj cudsA**
bl ?kVuk ls geus lh[kk fd èkks[kk nsrs le; vius lPps gksus dk
vkRefo'okl eu esa dwV& dwV dj Hkjk gksuk pkfg,A dWkfUQMsal dh
ryokj gkFk esa jgs] rHkh dkuwu rksM+us esas 'khy&ladksp ugha gksrkA blls
geus ik;k %&

lQyrk dk ,d vkSj dfy;qxh QaMk
ykSfdd lQyrk dk jes'kh QaMk ;s gkFk gekjs vk;k fd &
**èkks[kk nsuk gh gS rks--- iwjs vkRefo'okl ds lkFk nksA**

dkuwu dh ekSr

thfr;s bZuke nl yk[k

bl xaHkhjre f'kdk;r ds ckn Hkh fdlh us bl QthZokM+s dh
tkWap djus dh dksf'k'k ugha dhA blls jes'k us ;g rks vo'; izekf.kr
dj fn;k fd ukSdj'kkgksa ls feydj fdl rjg dkuwu dh èkfTt;kWa mM+kbZ
tk ldrh gSaA dkuwu dh bl csclh ls irk pyrk gS fd ml voSèk vkSj
QthZ ,xzhesUV dks ykxw djus okyk ukSdj'kkg fdl gn rd Hkz"V cu x;k
FkkA

ftl lsy MhM ds cy ij jes'k Hkksiky laLdj.k dk ekfyd cuk gS]
mldh vlyh izfr (vksfjtuy lsy MhM) ;k lR; izfrfyfi fn[kkus ij
ys[kdksa }kjk nl yk[k dk udn bZuke fn;k tk;sxkA ;gkaW loky ;gh gS
fd dkSu cusxk--- nl yk[kifr\
gol dh thHk vc bUnkSj dh vksj igqaWp xbZ yiyikrh gqbZA
vkSj %&

jes'k èkhjs ls iljk

lc pqi gSa
QeZ Mh-ih-vxzoky ,aM cznlZ ls jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ ds uke ls
nSfud HkkLdj VkbVy ds ekfydkuk gd nsus okyk dksbZ djkj dHkh ugha
gqvkA blfy, ,slk dksbZ izek.k dHkh ugha feykA fQj Hkh lc pqi gSa D;ksafd
nSfud HkkLdj VkbVy ij Mkdk Mkyus okyk dksbZ vkSj ugha] jes'k gSA
dfyuk;d
29

23 tuojh 1983 esa jes'kpUnz vxzoky us nSfud HkkLdj
bUnkSj laLdj.k dh 'kq:vkr ds fy, fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV bankSj ds le{k
?kks"k.kk&i= izLrqr fd;kA ftlesa izdk'kd dh txg Lo;a dks j[kk] eqnzd
Hkh Lo;a cukA
30

17 vDVwcj 1984 ds igys ekfyd
ets dh ckr ;g gS fd17
dk uke }kjdk izlkn] lapkyd] HkkLdj ifCyds'ku ,aM ,ykbM
baMLVªht] Xokfy;j FkkA fQj%&
17 vDVwcj 1984 ds ckn ekfyd dk uke }kjdk izlkn]
lapkyd] HkkLdj xzkfQd ,aM fizafVx vkVZ izkbZosV fyfeVsM bUnkSj FkkA
laiknd ;rhUnz HkVukxj cuk, x,A ysfdu %&
10 tqykbZ 1992 ls ekfyd dk uke jes'kpUnz vxzoky]
lapkyd] HkkLdj xzkfQd ,aM fizafVx vkVZ izkbZosV fyfeVsM] bUnkSj
dj fn;k x;kA
13 ebZ 1993 dks jftLVªkj Xokfy;j ds vkWfQl esa jftLVMZ
olh;r esa }kjdk izlkn us viuh iRuh fd'kksjh nsoh dks viuk ,dek=
mÙkjkfèkdkjh ?kksf"kr fd;kA ysfdu HkkLdj xzkfQDl ,aM fizafVx vkVZ
izkbZosV fyfeVsM esa bu ?kksf"kr mÙkjkfèkdkfj;ksa dks ,d dksM+h ugha feyhA

gq, FkkA og nq;ksZèku dh rjg lqbZ dh ukSd cjkcj fgLlk Hkh nsus dks rS;kj
ugha FkkA
firk ds }kjk gseyrk dks Xokfy;j dh dEiuh HkkLdj
ifCyds'ku ,aM ,ykbM baMLVªht] esa Mk;jsDVj cuk;s tkus ls jes'k cgqr
xqLlk FkkA mlus vius chekj firk ds f[kykQ jaft'k iky yhA
fQj vius ealwckas dks iwjk djus ds fy, jes'k us Xokfy;j dk
QthZokM+k dSls fd;k \ bls tkuus ds fy, *jes'k&dFkk* i<+rs jfg;sA

bUnkSj ds ckn\
jes'k us tc Hkksiky&bUnkSj dh laifÙk ij voSèkkfud :i ls
dCtk dj fy;k rks mlds eu esa QthZokM+s dks vkSj vkxs bLrseky djus
dh ;kstuk cuhA
bldss ckn jes'k dh utjsa Xokfy;j ij buk;r gqbZa] rks mlus
lkezkT;oknh fujadq'k jktk dh rjg Xokfy;j dh vksj #[k fd;kA
vc rd jes'k ;g le> pqdk Fkk fd Hkksiky ds QthZ ,xzhesVa ds
vkèkkj ij Xokfy;j dks ugha gM+ik tk ldrk gSA
bèkj }kjdk izlkn viuh nksuksa ifRu;ksa dh larkuksa dks mudk
okftc fgLlk nsuk pkg jgs FksA exj jes'kpUnz firk ds èku ij utjsa xkM+s

dfyuk;d

31

32

rhljk vè;k;

Xokfy;j dk QthZokM+k
og
'krjat dk
ckthxj cu x;k FkkA
dkj.k fd] mldh 'krjat ds
fu;e&dk;ns og [kqn vius fglkc ls]
r; djus yxk FkkA dsoy mldk ?kksM+k--- <kbZ
?kj frjNk ugha] cfYd tgkaW pkgs] ogkaW okj djrk FkkA
mlus 'krjat dh vius eu eqrkfcd xksfV;kaW fQV dj nha rks
'kg vkSj ekr dh >M+h yx xbZ vkSj mlds lkjs fojksèkh
èkwy pkVus yxsA os lQsn [kkukas ij pkjksa [kkus
fpRr gks x,] exj og rks dkys [kkuksa ij
rkaMo epkrk eksgjksa dks elyrk gqvk
[kq'k gksrk jgkA ;g 'krjat dk
vuwBk [ksy dksbZ vkSj
ugha] dfyuk;d
[ksy jgk
FkkA

fu'kkus ij Xokfy;j
gj vè;k; esa vkidks jes'k ds vyx&vyx nqxZ.kksa dk Kku gksxkA
bl vè;k; esa vki i<+xas s fd iSra jsckt jes'k ds ikl **dk.Mksa** dks vatke
nsus dk ne[ke gSA fcuk blds Xokfy;j ij dCtk djuk dfBu FkkA

dfyuk;d

33

Xokfy;j esa fd;s x;s dk.Mksa dks lgh&lgh fxu ikuk vklku ugha gSA irs
dh ckr ;g gS fd jes'k ds dkys dkjukea]s ftls og lrjaxh lius ekurk
gS] budks fdrus v{kjksa] 'kCnksa] okD;ksa esa fijks;k x;k] 'kk;n gh fxuk tk
ldsA ge bl vè;k; esa vkidks bldh ,d >yd (,V , Xykal) fn[kk
jgs gS%a &
flafèk;k jkt?kjkus dh uxjh Xokfy;j ls lapkfyr dEiuh&
HkkLdj ifCyds'ku ,aM ,ykbM baMLVªht] dh LFkkiuk }kjdk izlkn ds
}kjk dh xbZ FkhA
bl vè;k; esa fn, x, rF;ksa dh lPpkbZ ds lcwrksa dk voyksdu
djus ds fy, nLrkostksa dk layXu lhMh esa ladyu fd;k x;k gSA blls
*dfyuk;d* dh *djrwrksa* ds izek.kksa ls eq[kkfrc gqvk tk ldrk gSA
djrwras [kksyus ls igys vkidks crk fn;k tk, fd bl dEiuh
esa }kjdk izlkn ds ifjokj ds O;fDr;ksa ds nks xqV cu x, FksA ,d xqV
}kjdk izlkn] mudh vèkkaxZ uh fd'kksjh nsoh] vkSj muls iSnk gqbZ gseyrk
ds vykok }kjdk izlkn ds vuqt fo'kEHkj n;ky dk FkkA vkSj nwljk xqV
}kjdk izlkn dh igyh iRuh dLrwjh nsoh ds iq= jes'k] jes'k dh iRuh
'kkjnk vkSj jes'k dh gkWa esa gkWa feykus okys [kkle[kkl nsoUs nz frokjh dk
FkkA ;s lc jes'kh 'krjat ds ekfgj f[kykM+h FksA
vc jes'kpUnz dh utj bl daiuh ij iM+&xM+ xbZA
jes'k dh pkgr

dj yaWw Xokfy;j eqV~Bh esa
'kq:&'kq: esa dEiuh esa jes'k dk xqV vYier esa FkkA jes'k&i{k
dk otu rks de FkkA exj fyIlk dk izs'kj dqdj mlds fnekx esa QVus
dks rS;kj FkkA blfy, jes'k vius firk dks gVkdj dEiuh dk ekfyd
cuuk pkgrk FkkA daiuh dk ekfyd cuus rd tukc dk gky&csgky FkkA
Xokfy;j dk Hkh cuwWa--- eSa ekfyd] vc mldk ;s u;k ,tsaMk
34

FkkA vius gM+fi;k ealwcs dks iwjk djus ds fy, t:jh Fkk fd jes'k xqV
dk dEiuh esa cgqer gksA ekStnw k gky esa jes'k vius cki] cgu vkSj pkpk
ds 'ks;j rks gM+i ugha ldrk FkkA leL;k dk exjePN eqWga QSyk, [kM+k FkkA
leL;k ;s Fkh fd dEiuh dk ekfyd dSls cuk tk;s\ dkSu lh 'krjath
pky pyh tk, fd daiuh tcM+s esa tdM+ ysa \ vkf[kjdkj dSls vk,--- cgqer dk clar&

ekfyd cuwWa rks cuwWa dSls\
cgqer esa vkus ds fy, vkf[kj D;k djs\a bls dgrs gS&a dqlhZ dh
oklukA vius ukikd mn~n's ; dh iwfrZ gsrq mYVh xaxk cgkus esa fo'ks"kK jes'k
us dwV&;kstukiwod
Z dEiuh ij dCtk djus ds fy, D;k "kM~;=a jpk]
mlus dSlh pkysa pyha] dSls "kM+;=a ksa dh xVjxaxk ogh] vkb;s ikBdks]a vki
Hkh bls tkfu,%&
Xokfy;j esa fcNh fclkr] vkSj ;g Fkh jes'k dh igyh lQy
'krjath pky--- gM+ius ds fy,%&

'ks;j dSfiVy c<+kdj] vdsys gM+is os lkjs 'ks;j
vkSj cu cSBk ekfyd
lcls igys jes'k us euekus (Arbitrary)] xSjdkuwuh (illegal)
vkSj xyr (Wrongfull) rjhds ls 'ks;j dSfiVy dks c<+k;kA
nl ls rhl ij vk;k jes'k & og lu~ 1987 ds tqykbZ ekg
dk ukSaok fnu FkkA tc jes'k us vius firk dh xSjgkftjh esa vk;ksftr
ehfVax esa dEiuh dh 'ks;j dSfiVy nl gtkj ls c<+kdj rhl gtkj dj
nhA
jes'k us Xokfy;j dh daiuh ds vfrfjDr 'ks;j fdlh dks
tkudkjh fn;s fcuk tkjh dj fn;sA vkSj ckn esa c<s+ gq, ;s 6]603 'ks;j
fdlh Hkh vU; 'ks;j gksYMj dks vkWQj ugha fd;sA
oks lkjs ds lkjs 'ks;j vius ekrk&firk] cgu ;k pkpk ds ugha

dfyuk;d

35

cfYd jes'k us [kqn vius uke ij vkoafVr dj fn;sA bl rjg [kqn
jes'k us gh mu 'ks;jksa dks [kjhn fy;kA
Xokfy;j dh fclkr esa jes'k dh igyh pky us gh ckth iyV nh%&

lkjs 'ks;j gM+i dj] dEiuh viuh cukbZ
jes'k us ;g lc QthZfxjh blfy, dh rkfd og c<+s gq, 'ks;j vius
uke ij dj daiuh ij viuk flDdk tek ldsA gM+is 'ks;jksa dh cnkSyr
jes'k xqV cgqer esa vk x;k vkSj jes'k ds firk dk xqV vYier esa vk
x;kA okg&okg---- D;k vuwBh pky pyhA [kqn gh foØsrk vkSj [kqn gh
xz k gdA

xSj dkuwuh tksM+ rksM+ ls dkuwu gqvk vkgr
;gh oks 'kkfrj rjhdk Fkk]--- ftlls prqj jes'k us daiuh&,DV
vkSj vkfVZdYl vkWQ ,lksfl,'ku ds lkjs izkoèkkuksa dks èkrk crk dj
xSjdkuwuh rjhds ls Xokfy;j dh daiuh dks vius dCts esa ys fy;kA diV
dk ,slk izgkj fd] dkuwu gqvk rkj&rkjA
firk dk xqV eseus dh rjg fefe;krk vkSj gkFk eyrk jg x;kA
bl izdkj jes'k ds igys gh okj us epk;k gkgkdkjA vkLrhu ds lkai ls
Mls] vYier dk rks ;gh gJ gksuk Fkk fd mlds I;kns fiV tk,a] mlds
lkFk blls de dqN gks gh ugha ldrk FkkA
bl rjg nSfud HkkLdj Xokfy;j dk lkezkT; gM+ius dh jes'k
dh dkyh bPNk iwjh gks xbZA rks ,sls jes'k vkSjaxtsch vankt esa dEiuh dk
losl
Z okZ cu cSBkA
jes'k dh igyh gh pky esa }kjdk gq, fpRr

'ks;j ?kksVkyk dj cgqer gkfly fd;k
jes'k us tks vfrfjDr 'ks;j [kjhnus dh ckr dgh] og Hkh
ljklj lQsn >wB Fkh D;ksafd mlus 'ks;j [kjhn ds ,ot esa dHkh fdlh
dks dksbZ iSlk ugha fn;kA jes'k us bu c<+s gq, 'ks;jksa dh 'ks;j dSfiVy
36

rRdky daiuh esa tek ugha dhA ;g Fkh] lQsn >wB dh [ksrh ij Hkz"Vkpkj
dh QlyA
vk'p;Z fdUrq lR; dh rtZ ij] daiuh dh 'ks;j dSfiVy c<+kus
ls igys u rks cksMZ vkWQ Mk;jsDVj dks dksbZ lwpuk nh xbZ vkSj u gh iwoZ
'ks;j èkkjdksa dks gh dksbZ lwpuk nhA fcuk okf"kZd tujy ehfVax ds 09
vizSy 1986 dks 'ks;j dSfiVy c<+k nh xbZ]
lcls egRoiw.kZ ckr ;g fd] ;g daiuh ds vkfVZdYl vkWQ
,lksfl,'ku ds izkoèkkuksa ds foijhr FkkA
;g fn[kkus ds ckn fd ftldh ykBh mldh HkSl
a ] jes'k 'kkar ugha
cSBkA ikBdksa vc nsf[k;s] mlus D;k fd;k\
vkSj ;g Fkh jes'k dh nwljh 'krjath pky--- csVk vkleka ij] cki
tehu ij %&

cki dks fudkyk ckgj
}kjdk izlkn daiuh ds vkthou izcaèk funs'kd vkSj tujy
ckMh ehfVax ds LFkk;h ps;jeSu FksA dEiuh ds vkfVZdy vkWQ ,lksfl,'ku
esa }kjdk izlkn dks dHkh u gVus okyk ;kuh vkthou eSufs tax Mk;jsDVj
vkSj ps;jeSu ?kksf"kr fd;k x;k FkkA
vfr egRokdka{kh jes'k vius cki] ekWa vkSj cguksa dk jÙkhHkj Hkh
gLr{ksi dEiuh esa ugha pkgrk FkkA blfy, bruk lc dqN dj jes'k 'kkar
ugha cSBkA mldh vkxs dh pky Fkh ---- vius cki }kjdk izlkn vxzoky
dks daiuh ls fudkydj ckgj djukA 'kk;n vkSjxa tsc dh dgkuh mlus
i<+ j[kh FkhA nwèk esa fxjh eD[kh fudkyuk mls vk x;k FkkA
blfy, igys mlus vius firk }kjdk izlkn dks dEiuh ds
vkthou (ykbQVkbe) eSufs tax Mk;jsDVj vkSj ps;jeSu ds in ls gVk
fn;kA fQj viuh NksVh ekW]a cguksa vkSj var esa pkpk fo'kEHkj o mlds csVksa
dks Hkh dEiuh ls pyrk dj viuk mYyw lhèkk dj fy;kA

dfyuk;d

37

vkb;s] vc ns[ksa fd mu lcdh okV yxh] rks yxh dSls
ehfVaXl dk gqvk QthZokM+k] jes'k us eSnku ekjk

dSls fudkyk cki dks
jes'k us cksMZ vkWQ Mk;jsDVlZ dh ehfVax fd;s cxSj gh ,d ckj
ugha] nks ckj ugha] rhu ckj ugha] iwjs pkj ckj ehfVax gksus ds QthZ
nLrkost rS;kj fd;sA
mu ehfVaxksa ds dksbZ uksfVl firk] NksVh ekaW] vkSj cguksa dks izkIr
ugha gq,A gksrs Hkh dSl\s dksbZ uksfVl Hksts gh ugha] ehfVax rks gqbZ gh ughaA
jes'k us dgk& yxkrkj rhu ehfVaxksa esa vuqifLFkr gksdj mUgksaus
daiuh ds fu;eksa dks rksM+k gSA
fQj jes'k us rhu ckj ehfVax esa vuqifLFkr gksus ds vkèkkj ij
3 vxLr 1987 dks vius firk }kjdk izlkn dks eSufs tax Mk;jsDVj
ds in ls vkSj pkj ckj ehfVax esa vuqifLFkr gksus ds vkèkkj ij viuh cgu
gseyrk dks TokbaV eSufs tax Mk;jsDVj ds in ls gVk fn;kA fnukWd
a 9
tqykbZ 1987 dks viuh vkW[a k dh fdjfdjh cuh lkSry
s h ekWa fd'kksjh
nsoh dks Hkh vyx dj fn;kA bl izdkj fcuk pDdksa ij nkSM+ jgk jes'k
dh èkkaèkyh dk jFk vius gh firk ij p<+ cSBkA
,slk yxrk gS fd ekuks nqfu;k dk lcls cM+k vijkèk rks ehfVsx
esa vuqifLFkr gksuk gh gSA vtZ fd;k gS&
gqvk daiuh esa Hkkjh myVQsj]
csVk cuk 'ksj vkSj cki gqvk <sjA
bl ?kVuk ls geus lh[kk fd gol dh Hkw[k iwjh djus fd fy, [kwu
ds fj'rs dks Hkh gte dj yks vkSj Mdkj Hkh u yksA blls feyk%&

lQyrk dk ,d vkSj---- dfy;qxh QaMk
nqfu;k esa lcls cM+k #i;k gS] blfy, vkiesa ;g ewY;kadu djus dh
{kerk gksuh pkfg, fd fdldk jguk Qk;nsena gS vkSj fdldk ughaA ;g
38

irk pyrs gh fd og dke dk vkneh ugha jgk] rks t:jr iMs+ rks mldk
Hkh xse ctk nksA tSls fudys dke] dj nks mldk dke rekeA vr% LokFkZ
ds p'esa ls nqfu;k dks ns[kus dh dyk lh[kksA vc ykSfdd lQyrk dk
jes'kh QaMk ;s cusxk fd&
**ftlls dksbZ Qk;nk ugha] mlls cpdj jgks] pkgs og rqEgkjk
lxk cki gh D;ksa u gksA**
vius firk] ekrk vkSj cgu dks m[kkM+ Qsd
a us ds ckn fQj jes'k vc
vius eksgjksa dks tekus esa yx x;kA
nq'euksa dks gVkvks] viuksa ds fy, txg cukvks---;g Fkh jes'k dh
rhljh 'krjath pky%&

xyxy nEes ekj jgk FkkA ;s Fkk QthZ pky dk vlyh dekyA vius
vknfe;ksa dh rktiks'kh dk 'kq# gqvk flyflyk vc [kRe gks pqdk FkkA

jes'k us dh vius vknfe;ksa dh rktiks'kh

lQyrk dk ,d vkSj---dfy;qxh QaMk

jDr lacfa èk;ksa dks vius nq'euksa dh rjg ckgj djus ds ckn
èk`rjk"Vª cu pqds jes'k us vc viuk gkFk txUukFk djrs gq, vius cPpksa
dks dEiuh esa lfEefyr djus dh ;kstuk cukbZA vius ekrgrksa dks xn~nh
ij cSBkus ds fy, mudh rktiks'kh ds fy, rkuk&ckuk cqukA blds
rgr%&
9 tqykbZ 1987 dks jes'k us vius ykM+ys lqèkhj vxzoky
dks dEiuh dk vfrfjDr (,Mh'kuy) Mk;jsDVj cuk;kA
vius psys Mh-,u- [kUuk dks Hkh dEiuh dk vfrfjDr Mk;jsDVj
cuk;kA
bl rjg igyh gh pky us jes'k dks jktk cuk fn;k %&

vxj }kjdk izlkn dks jes'k ds xqIr bjknksa dh Hkud] tjk Hkh igys
ls yx x;h gksrh rks D;k jes'k bruk cM+k dk.M dj ikrk\ dHkh ughaA
jes'k us vius firk dks tjk Hkh Hkku ugha gksus fn;k fd os vius iq= dks ugha]
cfYd vkLrhu ds lkWia dks nwèk fiykdj cM+k dj jgs gSAa vkLrhu ds lkWia
dh lcls cM+h fo'ks"krk ;gh gksrh gS fd tc rd oks Mlrk ugha gS] rc rd
mldh vlfy;r mtkxj ugha gksrhA
,d iy dks }kjdk us >idh D;k yh] jes'k us 'krjat dh xksfV;ksa dk
LFkku gh cny fn;kA blls ykSfdd (Qjsch) lQyrk dk dfy;qxh
(jes'kh) QaMk ;s gkFk vk;k fd] lQy gksus ds fy,&
**vius vlyh bjkns Nqikdj ysfdu udyh bjkns crkdj j[ksaA**
jes'k us vius firk dh fo'okl :ih Nkrh ij èkks[ks dh ykr ls izgkj
fd;k FkkA èkks[ks ls cpus ds fy, ,d ewy ea= ;g gS fd ge vxj fdlh
dks èkks[kk nsus dk ekSdk gh ugha nsxa s rks og geas dSls èkks[kk ns ik,xk\
blfy, ykSfdd lQyrk ds bl jes'kh QaMs dh dkV gS%&
^^èkaèks eas] vius csVs rd ij Hkwydj Hkh Hkjkslk u djsaA**

jes'k cuk losZlokZ
mlus QthZokM+k dj c<+s gq, 'ks;j vius uke ij dj viuk flDdk
tek fy;k FkkA jes'k ds fy, 9 tqykbZ] 1987 dk fnu 'kk;n LoxZ ikus
tSlk ek;us j[krk gSA igys 'ks;j gq, vius uke] fQj daiuh cuh
xqykeA rc jes'k viuh nlksa maxfy;ka ?kh esa vkSj flj dM+kgh esa j[k dj

dfyuk;d

39

nLr[kr lacaèkh vfèkdkj fy,
9 tqykbZ 1987 dks vk;ksftr QthZ ehfVax esa jes'k us lHkh
psd] fcy] izeks'kujh uksV] fMekaM Mªk¶V vkfn ij vius gLrk{kj djus dk
vfèkdkj izkIr dj fy;kA
yxs gkFk vius iq= lqèkhj vkSj fxjh'k vxzoky dks psd vkfn ij
gLrk{kj djus dk vfèkdkj fn;kA rc ls jes'k iq= dkxtksa ij fpfM+;k
cukus yxsA igys daiuh---fQj dqlhZ--- fQj nLr[kr --- lc dCts esa----bl ?kVuk ls geus lh[kk%&

40

jkLrk dkVrh fcYyh ls ugha] lkFk pyrs yksxksa ls gksf'k;kj jgksA vkb;s
vc FkksM+k vkxs c<+Aas
;g Fkh jes'k dh pkSaFkh 'krjath pky--- }kjdk ds vkdze.k dh iwjh
ekspkZcanh djus ds fy, vxyk jes'kh iSarjk %&

jes'k us xk;c fd;s] daiuh ds ewy nLrkost
}kjdk izlkn us dgk fd esjs iq= jes'k us daiuh ds Mk;jsDVj Mh-dsfrokjh ls "kM~;=a dj daiuh dh ewy fefuV~l cqd ,oa vU; egRoiw.kZ
nLrkost xk;c dj fn;s gSAa ;g Hkh dgk x;k fd jes'k dEiuh dh lkjh
fdrkcsa mBkdj ys x;kA
;g Fkh jes'k dh ikapoha 'krjath pky%&

jes'k us cukbZ QthZ fefuV~l cqd
}kjdk izlkn us dgk fd jes'k us fcuk fdlh izdkj dh cksMZ vkWQ
Mk;jsDVj dh ehfVax ,oa ,uqvy tujy ehfVax (,th,e) fd;s gq, QthZ
rkSj ij fefuV~l cqd cuk yhA
}kjdk izlkn us ;s Hkh dgk fd QthZ rkSj ij cukbZ fefuV~l cqd
esa QthZ cksMZ vkWQ Mk;jsDVlZ dh ehfVax ds bUnzkt (Entry) dj fn;s gSAa
blh izdkj tujy ehfVax ds lacèa k esa Hkh fefuV~l cqd esa QthZ bUnzkt
(Entry) dj fy;s gSAa
D;k dgus bl pkj lkS chlh dsA
}kjdk izlkn us dgk fd dsoy }kjdk izlkn] fd'kksjh nsoh vkSj
gseyrk dks muds inksa ls gVkus ds fy, mUgas fcuk fdlh izdkj dk uksfVl
fjlho djk, ehfVax ds bUnzkt fd;s x;s gSAa ,slk blfy, rkfd ;g fl¼
fd;k tk lds fd os dEiuh ,DV fu;eksa ds vuqlkj yxkrkj rhu ehfVax
esa mifLFkr ugha gq, gS]a vr% mudk vkWfQl fjDr gksuk ekuk x;kA
dfyuk;d
41

ns[ksa jes'k dh mYVh pky] dj fn;k cki dks csgky &

jes'k us yxk;k ykaNu
jes'k dh vksj ls ;g dgk x;k fd daiuh dh cksMZ vkWQ Mk;jsDVj dh
rFkk ,th,e dh fefuV~l cqd }kjdk izlkn vkSj gseyrk mBkdj ys x;s
gSAa vr% daiuh ds dk;Z dks lqpk: :i ls pykus ds fy, nwljh fefuV~l
cqd rS;kj dh xbZA

;dhuu fefuV~l cqd jes'k us gh xk;c dh D;ksafd&
1- 'kq: ls vkf[kj rd izsl ij jes'k dk vkfèkiR; jgkA
2- }kjdk izlkn vxzoky dk cqd xk;c djus ls dksbZ Qk;nk ugha
Fkk rks dkSu dj ldrk gS ,sls egku dk;ZA
3- cqd xk;c djus esa jes'k dks Qk;nk gh Qk;nk vkSj }kjdk izlkn
dks uqdlku gh uqdlku FkkA
tkfgj lh ckr gS fd }kjdk izlkn Lo;a dks uqdlku igqWapkus okyk
dksbZ dke D;ksa djsxk\
4- cqd xk;c djus ls jes'k dh pkWanh gh pkWanh Fkh] fQj Hkh --- pksj
epk, 'kksjA
bl izdkj QthZ rkSj ij ubZ fefuV~l cqd rS;kj dj U;k;ky; esa
izLrqr dj nhA bl fefuV~l cqd esa u rks izR;sd i`"B ij ps;jeSu ds
gLrk{kj Fks vkSj u gh bUgsa gLrfyfi esa fy;k x;k Fkk vkSj u gh ;s ckbaM
cqd esa FksA bls dgrs gSa & xèkk [ksr [kk,] tqykgk ihVk tk,A

lQyrk dk ,d vkSj---dfy;qxh QaMk
blls ykSfdd lQyrk dk dfy;qxh (jes'kh) QaMk ;s gkFk vk;k fd
lQy gksus ds fy,&
**gkjus yxks rks 'krjat fc[ksj nks] fQj ubZ ckth u, fljs ls
[ksyksA**
42

dksje dh jsyeisy] csVk ikl] cki Qsy

ehfVaxksa dh dkjZokbZ voSèk
daiuh ,DV ds fu;eksa (èkkjk&287 ds izkoèkkuks)a ds vuqlkj tks
Mk;jsDVj fgrc¼ O;fDr gks rks ehfVax ds le; mldh jk; ugha ekuh tkuh
pkfg, rFkk dksje ds fy, Hkh mldh x.kuk ugha dh tkuh pkfg,A
firk&ekrk dks gVkus ckyh bl rFkkdfFkr ehfVax esa dsoy nks gh
Mk;jsDVj mifLFkr Fks vkSj muesa ls ,d jes'k fgrc¼ Mk;jsDVj FkkA
blfy, tkfgj lh ckr gS fd mldh x.kuk dksje esa ugha dh tk ldrhA
bl daiuh esa dqy 6 gh Mk;jsDVj Fks vkSj daiuh ,DV dh èkkjk
147 ds vuqlkj dksje ds fy, nks Mk;jsDVj dh mifLFkfr vfuok;Z FkhA
tks fgrc¼ Mk;jsDVj u gkaAs vkSj pwWfa d jes'k fgrc¼ Mk;jsDVj Fkk
blfy, mldh mifLFkfr esa dksje iwjk ugha gksrkA vr% dksje Hkjus ds fy,
mldh Hkkxhnkjh ugha yh tk ldrh FkhA
jes'k dh x.kuk dksje esa u fd;s tkus ds vkèkkj ij Hkh bu
,d lnL;h ehfVaxksa dh dkjZokbZ iw.kZr% voSèkkfud FkhA

tcju gVk;k Fkk cki dks
daiuh ,DV dh èkkjk 293 (g) ds izkoèkkuksa dk ;fn ge lw{e :i
ls fo'ys"k.k djsa rks ik;sxa s fd ;fn dksbZ O;fDr tkucw>dj 3 ehfVax esa
vuqifLFkr jgk gks rks gh Mk;jsDVj ds in ls gVk gqvk ekuk tk;sxkA
;fn dksbZ O;fDr fcuk tkucw>dj (vutkus es)a ;k fdlh chekjh
ds dkj.k mifLFkr jgus esa vleFkZ jgrk gS rks ,slh n'kk esa mldk in
fjDr gqvk gksuk ugha ekuk tk;sxkA
è;ku jgs fd& }kjdk izlkn lu~ 1981 ls ydos dh chekjh
ls ihfM+r FksA jes'k dk Hkh dguk Fkk fd& **mlds firk dh mez 75 o"kZ
gSA mUgsa ydos (Paralysis) dk vVSd gks x;k gSA mudk ,d iSj xSUxzhu
dh otg ls dkVuk iM+k gSA** blfy, ;fn ;s eku Hkh fy;k tk;s fd cksMZ

dfyuk;d

43

ehfVax dh lwpuk,a }kjdk izlkn dks izkIr gks xbZ] rc Hkh chekjh ds dkj.k
os mu ehfVaxksa esa mifLFkr ugha gks lds rks ,slh n'kk esa mudk in fjDr gqvk
gksuk eku fy;k tkuk mfpr ugha ekuk tk ldrkA }kjdk izlkn vxzoky
dh bl chekjh ds ckjs esa jes'k Hkyh&HkkaWfr tkurk FkkA rks fQj mlus
fdl rjg ls vius firk dh Mk;jsDVjsV [kRe djokbZA ge rks ;gh
dgaxs &s cki dh chekjh ij iM+ x;k csVk HkkjhA
ets dh ckr rks ;g gS fd jes'k us }kjdk izlkn dks dkj.k crkvks
uksfVl nsus dh tger rd ugha mBkbZ fd vkidh rhu ehfVaxksa esa yxkrkj
vuqifLFkfr ds dkj.k D;ksa u vkidks in ls gVk fn;k tk;s\ ;g
izkd`frd U;k; ds fl¼kar ds fo#¼ FkkA blfy, }kjdk izlkn dks bl
vkèkkj ij vyx djus dh ckr gkteksyk [kkus ds ckn Hkh gte ugha gksus
okyhA
;g Fkh jes'k dh NVoha 'krjath pky--- mYVs Nqjs ls ewaM+ fn;k cki
dk flj---- vkfVZdy 56 (,) fujLr fd;k ysfdu %&

bruh cM+h lwpuk le; jgrs ugha nh
}kjdk izlkn dks lapkyd eaMy ds vè;{k dh gSfl;r ls dEiuh
ds vkfVZdy vkWQ ,lksfl,'ku dh èkkjk&56 ds vuqlkj dkjksckj dh
ns[kjs[k] dEiuh ij daVªky
s ] dEiuh dh laifÙk dh O;oLFkk rFkk deZpkfj;ksa
dh fu;qfDr djus dk vfèkdkj izkIr FkkA
jes'k ds }kjk vkfVZdy 56 (,) dks fujLr dj fn;k x;kA
ysfdu bldh lwpuk 18 vizSy 1988 dks nh xbZA ysfdu bl vkfVZdy
dks fujLr fd;s tkus lacèa kh la'kksèku 26 fnlEcj1987 dks gksuk
crk;k x;k gSA
;gkWa loky ;g mBrk gS fd ;g lwpuk fuèkkZfjr le; vofèk ds
varxZr D;ksa ugha nh xbZ \ bruh nsjh D;ksa dh xbZ\ D;k gS jes'k ds ikl
bldk dksbZ tokc\ ugha] D;ksfa d ;g Fkh%&
44

jes'k dh eqxfy;k uhfr

vkSj ;g Fkh jes'k dh lkroha 'krjath pky%&

;fn ;g eku Hkh fy;k tk;s fd rhu ehfVax esa vuqifLFkr jgus
ds dkj.k jes'k ds firk] cgu vkSj ekWa daiuh ds izcaèk lapkyd vkSj
lapkyd ds in ij ugha jgs] muds inksa dh fjfDr;kWa gks xbZ gS] ysfdu
muds gVus ds ckn Hkh jes'k pkgrk rks vius cki dh bPNk dk lEeku
djrs gq, mUgsa iqu% izcaèk lapkyd ds in ij inLFk djok ldrk
FkkA ysfdu jes'k us mUgsa cgky djus ds fy, dqN ugha fd;kA ;s Fkk& pksj
dh nk<+h esa frudkA
jes'k dk bjknk rks njvly mUgsa daiuh ls ckgj fudkyus dk
FkkA Bhd oSls gh tS l s eqxy 'kkld vkSjaxtsc us vius firk 'kkgtgka W
dks s dqN blh rjg ls xíh ls mrkjk FkkA blfy, ;s lc dMoh vkSj
dlSyh gjdrsa eqxfy;k lYrur dh lRRkkyksyqi dwVuhfr tSlh FkhaA
jes'k vius [kkle[kkl *Mh-,u-[kUuk* dks] vius csVksa dks]
dEiuh dk Mk;jsDVj cuok ldrk Fkk ysfdu vius lxs cki dks
ughaA ml cki dks --- tks dHkh nSfud HkkLdj dk vdsyk laLFkkid
vkSj ekfyd FkkA vkf[kj D;ksa\ cM+s&cM+s in dsoy jes'k ds [kkle[kklksa
ds fy, bartkj esa FksA
blls jes'k dh lkft'k dk inkZQk'k gks x;k fd og njvly
viuh lqfu;ksftr j.kuhfr ds rgr mUgsa dEiuh ls ckgj djuk pkgrk
FkkA vk'p;Z gS fd ,d vxzoky [kkunku ds O;fDr jes'k esa vkSjaxtsc ds
y{k.k dgkWa ls vk x,A D;k mlds 'kjhj ds vUnj vkSjaxtsc dh
HkVdrh :g lgh fBdkuk ikdj izo's k dj xbZZ Fkh\ jes'k us xk;k ;s xhr&
esjk cki] esjk cki ugha]
esjh ekaW] esjh ekaW ugha]
esjh cgu] esjh cgu ugha]

jes'k us fd;k firk ds gVus dk ,syku

dfyuk;d

45

jes'k us fd;k [kq'kh&[kq'kh firk ds ineqDr gksus dk ,sykuA mlus
jftLVªkj daiuh dks firk ds in ij cus u jgus dh lwpuk Hksth vkSj
jftLVªkj ds fjdkWMZ ls mudk uke gVok fn;kA blfy,--- ftldk [kkuk]
mlh ij xqjkZuk] Fkkyh esa Nsn djus dk ;s xqj] dksbZ jes'k ls lh[ksA
;s Fkk&
nksxysiu dh nqèkkjh ryokj ls] cki ij fd;k okj

nks x ykiu
jes'k us vius cki ds lkeus xn~nh dh xqatkb'k [kRe gks tk,]
cki daiuh ls ckgj gks tk,] blds fy, vkfVZdy vkWQ ,lksfl,'ku esa
u;k la'kksèku fd;k fd 65 o"kZ ls vfèkd vk;q ds ,oa chekj O;fDr dks
rFkk efgyk dks Mk;jsDVj ds in ij ugha j[kk tk;sxkA
le; FkksM+k vkxs xqtjrk x;k rks jes'k dks ;g rd ;kn ugha jgk
D;k\ fd og [kqn cw<+k ?kksM+k cu x;k gSA ;g cw<+k ?kksM+k xn~nh ij vc rd
fojkteku gSA blfy, ;gka ij ;g loky mBrk gS fd& vkt jes'k 65
o"kZ ls vfèkd mez dk gks x;k gS] rks D;k jes'k vc Hkh vius cuk,
fu;e vkfVZdy vkWQ ,lksfl,'ku dks è;ku esa j[krs gq, daiuh ls
bLrh
Qk ns nsxk\ vjs ughaA fcYdqy ughaA
bLrhQk
nksxysiu dk na'k] fQj ;kn vk;k dalA

65 ds lkaWi us cki dks Mlk
ysfdu csVk jgk cpk
jes'k ds cuk, fu;e ml ij ykxw ugha gksrs gSaA ;gh rks jes'k dk
nksxykiu gS ;kuh ehBk&ehBk xM+i&xM+i] dMok dM+ok FkwA
jes'k us crk fn;k fd lQyrk ikus ds fy, fxjfxV cuuk
46

fdruk t:jh gks r k gS A blfy, lQyrk dk vlyh Qa M k ;g
gks x k fd %&
**nks psgjs okyksa ls---- gksf'k;kj jgksA**

ogh [kkunkuh dyg] ogh eqn~ns] ogh j.k{ks=] ogh nq;ksZèku] cl
cny x;k le;] vkSj cny x, ;q¼ ds rkSj&rjhds

cki ds fy, fljnnZ cuk] jes'k

;gkWa ij egkHkkjr dh ;kn vk tkrh gSA ogkWa ppsjs HkkbZ vkil esa
yM+ jgs Fks ysfdu ;gka vxzoky {ks= esa rks yM+kbZ lxs cki&csVs ds chp esa
gqbAZ ;g T;knk cqjk gSA fookn us rwy idM+k rks igyh eqBHksM+ Fkkus ds
njokts rd ?klhVdj ys xbZA
Xokfy;j esa fcNh 'krjath fclkr ij jes'k }kjdk dks pky pyus
dk ekSdk gh ugha ns jgk FkkA tks fookn ?kj ij ugha lqy>k vc og Fkkus
dh ckV tksg jgk FkkA vkf[kjdkj }kjdk dks ekSdk fey gh x;k] tc
?kjsyw 'krjat esa [kkdh cnhZ Hkh 'kkfey gks xbZA
;g Fkh }kjdk dh igyh 'krjath pky%&

}kjdk nSfud HkkLdj ds u dsoy laLFkkid Fks cfYd losZlokZ FksA
mUgsa bl rjg nwèk esa eD[kh dh rjg fudky Qsadk fd [kqn firk dk lqiq=
dgykus ds vfèkdkj ls oafpr gks x;kA
}kjdk ds bdykSrs csVs] jes'kpUnz vxzoky us vius firk dks cM+h
csjgeh ls ihVk vkSj csbTtr fd;kA bl izdkj ftl cki us iSnk fd;k]
mlh ds fy, jes'k ljnnZ cu x;kA }kjdk ds ,d vksj cq<+kis :ih [kkbZ
Fkh rks nwljh vksj diwr :ih dqavkA
Xokfy;j esa fcNh 'krjat dh fcLrj ij jes'k }kjdk dks pky pyus
dk ekSdk ugha ns jgk FkkA }kjdk dqN cq<+kik rks dqN csVk] bu nks dkj.kksa
ls csgn rukoxzLr o =Lr gks pqds FksA vkSj vkf[kj jes'k us&
ykM+yk csVk gksus dk QtZ fuHkk;k] fcuk 'kfeZanxh ds cki dks dksVZ
igq a W p k;k&

jes'k lxksa dks dksVZ rd [khap yk;k
dkuwuh yM+kbZ nks O;fDr;ksa ds chp gks] vkSj nksuksa ds chp firk&iq=
dk lEcUèk gks] rks vkidks vk'p;Z esa iM+us dh t:jr ugha gSA dkj.k fd]
bu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa ml cqtqxZ&chekj O;fDr ds ikl dksVZ ds njokts ij
nLrd nsus ds flok; dksbZ nwljk jkLrk ugha cpkA vkSj fQj&

cki&csVs eas fNM+h tax
ewy ykspk (fookn) Fkk nSfud HkkLdj] Xokfy;j ds izdk'ku dkA
;g yM+kbZ Fkkus ls ysdj flfoy vkSj fØfeuy dksVZ] izsl
,oa jftLVªs'ku vihyasV cksMZ] gkbZdksVZ vkSj lqizhe dksVZ rd pyhA
[ksy iwjs lq:j esa FkkA

dfyuk;d

47

[kkunku dh yM+kbZ---egkHkkjr dh ;kn vkbZ

Fkkus esa gqbZ igyh eqBHksM+
mlh fnu jes'k ls izrkfM+r firk }kjdk izlkn us rax vkdj jes'k
ds f[kykQ iqfyl Fkkus esa fjiksVZ nk;j dj dgk fd& jes'k mldks mldh
izkWiVhZ ls tcjnLrh gVkus dh dksf'k'k dj jgk gSA og mudh laifÙk dks
gM+iuk pkgrk gSA
cgu gseyrk vxzoky us Hkh jes'k panz vxzoky vkSj fo".kq dqekj
xxZ ds f[kykQ banjxat Fkkus esa fjiksVZ nkf[ky dhA
vc vxyh pky jes'k dh%&

jes'k dk iyVokj
izR;qRrj esa jes'k us Hkh iqfyl Fkkus esa fjiksVZ nk;j dj vkjksi
yxk;k fd 17 vizSy 1988 dks Ogh-,l-nslkbZ vius lkFk iUnzg&chl
vlkekftd rRoksa dks ysdj izl
s ij vk;s vkSj izl
s dk njoktk [kksyus
dh dksf'k'k dhA
iqfyl Fkkus esa ,Q-vkbZ-vkj- ntZ djkus ds ckn fQj gqbZ eqBHksM+
48

uEcj nks] tc buMksj pSl (?kjsyw 'krjat) esa vkmVMksj C;wjkssØsV Hkh
'kkfey gks x,A Fkkus esa ,Q-vkbZ-vkj- ntZ djokus ds ckn fQj feyk
}kjdk izlkn vxzoky dks ekSdkA vkSj&
;g Fkh }kjdk dh nwljh pky%&

leqfpr O;oLFkk ,oa ns[kjs[k gsrq (fcfYMax vkSj izsl ds fjlhoj ds :i esa)
uxj fujh{kd (Vkmu baLisDVj) iqfyl Fkkuk banjxat dks fu;qDr djrk
gwWaA

nwljh yM+kbZ dysDVj ds ;gkWa&
}kjdk izlkn us ftyk n.Mkfèkdkjh Xokfy;j dks vkosnu fn;k
fd jes'k ds }kjk nSfud HkkLdj Xokfy;j ij voSèk dCtk dj Hkzked
lwpuk,Wa izdkf'kr dh tk jgh gSAa
}kjdk dh vthZ jax ykbZ] jes'kh pky dke u vkbZA vkSj&
nwljh pky esa jes'k gqvk fpRr%&

}kjdk ;fn 'kq# ls gh vVs a ' ku dk Nkrk yxk, jgrs rks vkt ;s
Vs a ' ku dh ckfj'k ugha >syuh iM+rhA [kSj]vc }kjdk ds fy, vPNk
okrkoj.k cu x;k& ,slk fn[k jgk FkkA nkWao&isap esa lcdh ckjh vkrh gS]
lcdks ,d ekSdk feyrk gSA blfy, vHkh }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ds
vkØe.k dk lgh le; FkkA bl ?kVuk ds ckn %&
}kjdk us fQj pyh] rhljh ysfdu tksjnkj 'krjath pky%&

HkkLdj Hkou vkSj izsl ij iM+k rkyk

}kjdk us Hkjk--- igyk fMDys;js'ku

[kkdh onhZ chp esa vk gh xbZ rks] dysDVj (,DthD;wfVo eftLVªsV)
us iqfyl }kjk izLrqr dEiysaV ij laKku ysrs gq, 18 vizSy 1988
dks HkkLdj Hkou vkSj izl
s dks vVSp djus ds vkns'k tkjh fd;sA ftyk
n.Mkfèkdkjh Xokfy;j ds vkns'k ij 18 vizSy 1988 dh jkr dks
izsl fcfYMax dks dqdZ (vVSp) vkSj rkykcan fd;k x;kA

23 ekpZ 1987 dks }kjdk izlkn dh vksj ls Ogh-,l- nslkbZ us
ftyk eftLVªsV Xokfy;j ds le{k nSfud HkkLdj ds Xokfy;j laLdj.k
ds izdk'ku djus gsrq igyk ?kks"k.kki= ;kuh fMDys;js'ku nkf[ky fd;kA
vc vxyh pky jes'k dh%&

rkykcanh ds dkj.kksa ij ,d utj

jes'k ;g vPNh rjg ls tkurk Fkk fd vfèkdkjksa dks [kksdj
dksbZ Hkh pqi ugha cSBrkA blfy,] og fuf'pUr o vk'oLr ugha gks ik;k
FkkA cM+k gh **lsUlfVo uspj** gS jes'k dkA Hkud ikus esa dkscjk ukx ls
T;knk laosnu'khy jes'k dh lkjh ,dkxzfprrk vius firk o muds
lg;ksfx;ksa ij fVdh jghA
fQj tSls gh jes'k dks vius firk }kjdk izlkn ds fMDys;js'ku
nkf[ky djus dh ckr dk irk pyk] mls dks¶r gksus yxh] og mls ipk
ugha ik;k] mlds isV esa xqM+xqM+kgV gksus yxhA
4 tqykbZ 1987 dks jes'k us ftyk eftLVªVs ds le{k bl

fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV Xokfy;j us vius vkns'k esa fy[kk Fkk fd jes'k
vkSj }kjdk izlkn ijLij firk&iq= fdlh Hkh gkyr esa HkkLdj Hkou
banjxat ds ifjlj ls vius&vius leFkZdksa lfgr ,d&nwljs ds lkeus
ls gVus dks drbZ jkth ugha gSaA vkSj muesa fdlh Hkh le; fookfnr Hkou
rFkk izl
s ds vkfèkiR; djus ds iz;kl ls rhoz vkØks'k HkM+d ldrk gS
rFkk 'kkafr Hkax gksdj tuthou ,oa tu laifÙk dks xaHkhj gkfu gks
ldrh gS A vr% eSa vkfèkiR; lacaèkh LoÙoksa ds fujkdj.k gksus rd
fookfnr HkkLdj Hkou ,oa izsl dks dqdZ (vVSp) djrk gwWaA mDr Hkou dh

dfyuk;d

49

vVsa'ku Iyht

jes'k us fd;k izfrokn

50

lacaèk esa f'kdk;r dh vkSj vius firk ds }kjk izLrqr fMDys;js'ku QkeZ
dks fujLr djus dh ekWax dhA
jes'k dk dguk Fkk fd mlds }kjk 11ekpZ1985 dks izLrqr
fMDys;js'ku ds dkj.k mlds firk }kjdk izlkn u;k fMDys;js'ku izLrqr
ugha dj ldrsA
jes'k dh T;knk tksjnkj pky ls }kjdk gq, fpRr%&

igyk fMDys;js'ku--- jes'k us djk;k jn~n
jes'k dh f'kdk;r ds vkèkkj ij }kjdk izlkn }kjk 23 ekpZ
1987 dks izLrqr fd, x, fMDys;js'ku dks fMfLVªDV eftLVªVs Xokfy;j
ds }kjk fujLr dj fn;k x;kA
fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV ds vkns'k dh fnukWad Fkh& 23 tqykbZ
1987] tc }kjdk us eqag dh [kkbZA
;gka jes'k us lQyrk ds vius bl QaMs dk bLrseky fd;k Fkk%&
*èkks[kk nsuk gh gS rks--- iwjs vkRefo'okl ds lkFk nksA**

vc rd Fkkus dk ;q¼ [kRe gks pqdk FkkA dysDVj ds ;gkaW ls ,d
lsuk vihyaVs cksMZ ds le{k ------vkSj ,d vkSj pkSdk yxkkus dk vk;k
ekSdkA }kjdk us vkxs c<+k;k viuk eksgjk %&&

pkSFkh izkslhfMax izsl jftLVªs'ku ,DV
ds rgr nk;j dh xbZ
ftyk eftLVªVs ds 23 tqykbZ1987 ds fMDys;js'ku fujLr djus
ds vkns'k ds fo#¼ }kjdk izlkn dh vksj ls Ogh-,l-nslkbZ us izl
s ,oa
jftLVª's ku] vihysaV cksMZ ds le{k vihy nk;j dhA
blls irk pyrk gS fd }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ds cky jes'k dh
rqyuk esa dgha T;knk id x, FksA
vxys [ksy esa }kjdk us iyVh ckth] myV nhA dSls\ ,sls&

nslkbZ us vihysV cksMZ ls fujLr djk;k vkns'k
cksMZ us dysDVj Xokfy;j (Mh-,e-) ds mijksDr 23 tqykbZ 1987
ds vkns'k dks fujLr dj fn;kA lkFk gh ;s QSlyk fn;k%&

jes'k dh udyh pky ls }kjdk gq, Fks fpRr
ikBdksa vkxs vki i<+xs s fd ftl fMDys;js'ku ds ne ij jes'k us ;g
ckr dgh Fkh] og 11ekpZ1985 dks izLrqr fd;k x;k jes'k dk fMDys;js'ku
okLro esa QthZ FkkA
bls dgrs ga&S udyh rhj dh] vlyh ekjA
U;k;ky; ds daèks ij j[kh canwd vkSj nkxh HkjkZ'kkgh dh xksfy;kWaA
ikBdksa ds fy, y[kifr cuus dk volj&

thfr;s bZuke nl yk[k
11 ekpZ 1985 ds ftl fMDys;js'ku ds cy ij jes'k Xokfy;j ls
v[kckj Nki jgk FkkA fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV Xokfy;j ds ml fMDys;js'ku
dh vlyh izfr fn[kkus ij ys[kdksa }kjk nl yk[k #i, dk udn bZuke
fn;k tk;sxkA ikBdksa] vlyh nLrkost fn[kkb,] iSlk cukb,A vc
loky ;gh gS fd dkSu cusxk--- nl yk[kifr\
dfyuk;d
51

dysDVj nksckjk QSlyk lquk,%&cksMZ
cksMZ us Ogh-,l-nslkbZ dh Mh-,e- dks izLrqr vkifÙk dks è;ku j[krs gq,
u;s fljs ls izdj.k esa lquokbZ vkSj fujkdj.k djus dk ;kuh u, fljs
ls nksckjk vkns'k ikfjr djus dk vkns'k ikfjr dj fn;kA
vihysaV cksMZ ls thr dj }kjdk ckil dysDVsªV vk,A **vHkh bu
cw<+h gfM~M;ksa esa ne ckdh gS** ;s lkfcr djus ds fy, ;g Fkh }kjdk dh
vxyh pky %%&

}kjdk izlkn us Hkjk---- nwljk fMDys;js'ku
}kjdk izlkn Hkh vkf[kj jes'k dk cki gh rks FkkA mUgksaus cjkcj
dh VDdj nsrs gq, 11vizSy 88 dks [kqn v[kckj pykus ds fy,
fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV Xokfy;j ds lkeus Ogh-,l-nslkbZ ds ekè;e ls nwljk
fMDys;js'ku izLrqr fd;k FkkA
52

bl fMDysjs'ku esa Ogh-,l-nslkbZ dks nSfud HkkLdj dk izdk'kd
,oa eqnzd vkSj }kjdk izlkn dks laiknd crk;k x;kA
12 vizSy 1988 dks fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV us ihvkj,oh ,DV
ds rgr fMDys;js'ku QkeZ dks vWFkfUVdsVsM (vfHkizekf.kr) fd;kA blls
}kjdk izlkn dks Xokfy;j ls nSfud HkkLdj izdkf'kr djus dk vfèkdkj
fey x;kA
}kjdk dk nwljs fMDys;js'ku dk nkWo py pqdk FkkA blls vc
jes'k le> pqdk Fkk fd }kjdk us mls vPNs ?ksjs esa ys fy;k gS vkSj og
QWalrk tk jgk gSA vHkh vkSj ÅWaph guqeku dwn yxkus dh t:jr gSA mls
cgqr vfèkd mNy&dwn djuh gksxhA blfy, lqukj dh ugha] yksgkj dh
pksV ekjus dh vko';drk gSA
vc jes'k us pyh vxyh pkyA og ;g Fkh%&

f}rh; fMDysjs'ku ds f[kykQ jes'k us
Mh-,e- ds le{k yxkbZ vkifÙk&
}kjdk izlkn ds Mh-,e- ds }kjk 12 vizSy 1988 dks
vFksfUVdsVMs fMDysj's ku ds f[kykQ jes'k us vkuu&Qkuu esa15 vizSy
1988 dks vkifÙk ntZ dhA
dysDVj ds ;gkaW dksbZ dkjZokbZ ugha gqbZ] ysfdu jes'k #dk ugha]
mlus foNkbZ ,d vkSj folkr %&

f}rh; fMDysjs'ku ds f[kykQ
jes'k vihyasV cksMZ igqWapk
fiNyh vkifÙk ij dksbZ dkjZokbZ ugha gksus ls jes'k dh O;xzrk
c<+rh tk jgh FkhA
fryfeyk;s jes'k us vius firk ds i{k esa gq, vWFkfUVds'ku vkns'k
ds fo#¼ izsl ,oa jftLVªs'ku vihyasV cksMZ esa vihy nk;j dhA bl vk'kk

dfyuk;d

53

ds lkFk fd igys gksxhs 'kg] vkSj fQj gksxh--- ekr

ckth jes'k ds uke
21vizSy 88 dks cksMZ us Mh-,e- ds vFksfUVds'ku vkns'k ds
fØ;kZUo;u ij jksd yxk;hA vkSj bl rjg jes'k us thrh ,d ckthA
vc rd vki i<+ pqds gSa fd ftyk n.Mkfèkdkjh Xokfy;j ds vkns'k
ij 18 vizSy 1988 dh jkr dks HkkLdj izsl fcfYMax dks dqdZ (vVSp)
vkSj rkykcan fd;k x;k FkkA
fQj gqbZ eqBHksM+ ua-3---- dgkW\a rhljh yM+kbZ flfoy dksVZ esAa vc
[ksy esa dkuwu dh nsoh Hkh 'kkfey gks xbZA ;g Fkh LokFkZ flf¼ dh jes'k
dh 'kg
'kg&

rkyk [kqyokus jes'k ftyk vnkyr igqWapk
fØfeuy fjohtu ua- 53@1988
dysDVj ds }kjk izsl esa rkykcanh djus ds fn;s x;s vkns'k ds
f[kykQ jes'k us l= U;k;kèkh'k dh vnkyr esa fØfeuy fjohtu ua53@1988 nk;j dhA
jes'k dh fdLer dk rkyk [kqyk&

jes'k dh 'kg ij] }kjdk dh ekr %%&
&
bl izdj.k esa U;k;ky; us 6 ebZ 1988 dks iqfyl ds }kjk
HkkLdj izsl esa dh xbZ rkykcanh dks [kRe djus dk vkns'k fn;kA
U;k;ky; us fMIVh dysDVj dks lHkh i{kksa dks lquus ds ckn u;k
vkns'k ikfjr djus dk vkns'k Hkh fn;kA
;g Fkh] }kjdk dh ,d vkSj dkuwuh pky] ftyk U;k;ky; esa %%&
&

flfoy lwV ua- 1&A@88
}kjdk izlkn] fd'kksjh nsoh vkSj gseyrk vxzoky us Xokfy;j ds
izFke vfrfjDr ftyk U;k;ky; esa flfoy lwV uEcj 1&,@88 nk;j
fd;kA flfoy lwV ;kuh yach yM+kbZ--- ,d gn rd varghu flyflykA
54

bl ckr dh dksbZ xkjaVh ugha dh thrs th QSlyk gks gh tk,A
bl flfoy lwV esa ;g ekWxa dh fd jes'k v[kckj ds fizfVax izl
s
ij tcju dCtk u djs vkSj nSfud HkkLdj ds izdk'ku ds dke o
vkfèkiR; esa gLr{ksi vkSj vojksèk u djsA
bl flfoy lwV esa }kjdk izlkn us ;g lgk;rk Hkh ekWaxh Fkh fd
jes'k dks Xokfy;j ls nSfud HkkLdj dk izdk'ku djus ls jksdk tk;sA
vkSj daiuh ds eSufs tax Mk;jsDVj ds :i esa dk;Z djus ls }kjdk izlkn
dks u jksdk tk;sA
flfoy lwV eas }kjdk izlkn us ;g Hkh dgk fd izfroknh jes'k
tks fd oknh }kjdk izlkn dk iq= gS] og Hkh bl dEiuh dk Mk;jsDVj gS]
ysfdu jes'k oknh dh chekjh dk ykHk mBkdj voSèkkfud :i ls
dEiuh ds dkjksckj esa viuk vkfèkiR; djuk pkgrk gSA
flfoy lwV eas }kjdk izlkn us ;g Hkh dgk fd og oknh }kjdk
izlkn dks izcUèk lapkyd ds in ls ,oa dEiuh ij mlds vkfèkiR;
ls inP;qr djuk pkgrk gS vkSj bl mn~n's ; ls mlus 9 vizy
S 1986
dks dEiuh dh va'k iwt
a h c<+kbZ rFkk c<+k, x, leLr 'ks;j csbZekuhiwoZd
vius uke vkoafVr dj fy;sA
flfoy lwV eas ;g Hkh dgk x;k fd izfroknh jes'k us dEiuh ds
nwljs Mk;jsDVj Mh-ds-frokjh (izfroknh Øa- 5) ls nqjfHk lafèk dj yh gS
rFkk voSèkkfud rkSj ij fcuk cksMZ vkWQ Mk;jsDVj dh ehfVax fd;s dqN
u;s Mk;jsDVj cuk fy;s gSaA
blls jes'k pUnz vxzoky dks dqN le; ds fy, ekuks lkWai lwa?k
x;kA mldh le> esa ;g ugha vk jgk Fkk fd fnu ij fnu chekj
rukoxzLr gksdj cw<+k cki iLr D;ksa ugha gks jgk gSA D;ksa cjkcjh ls VDdj
ys jgk gSA fQj bZV dk tcko iRFkj ls&
jes'k us fn;k flfoy lwV dk tokc] flfoy lwV ls%&

dfyuk;d

55

jes'k us dh firk ij vadq'k yxkus dh ekax
}kjdk&iq= jes'k us Hkh vius firkJh ds f[kykQ eqdnek flfoy
1988 nk;j dj] iyV dj viuh pky pyhAA
lwV& 2A/1988
bl flfoy lwV cuke flfoy lwV ds tfj, jes'k ds nSfud
HkkLdj ds izdk'ku ds dk;Z esa ckèkk igqpWa kus ls mUgsa jksdus dh ekWxa dhA
ftyk vnkyr ds ckn j.k{ks= cuk gkbZdksVZ&
flfoy lwV esa ikfjr vkns'k ds f[kykQ%&

[kwc yM+h yM+kbZ gkbZdksVZ esa
fofoèk ;kfpdk Øa 60@88
jes'k us fMfLVªDV tt Xokfy;j dh dksVZ esa flfoy lwV ua-2&A@
1988 nk;j fd;k FkkA bl izdj.k esa fn, x, QSlys ls }kjdk izlkn
vxzoky o jes'kpUnz vxzoky nksuksa [kq'k ugha FksA bl izdj.k esa fn;s QSlys
ds f[kykQ }kjdk izlkn vkSj jes'k nksuksa us gkbZdksVZ esa vihy dhA
flfoy lwV esa ikfjr vkns'k fnukWad 28&30 ebZ 1988 ds
f[kykQ nk;j ;kfpdk dk uacj MA 60/88 vkSj 61/88 FkkA
gkbZdksVZ us }kjdk izlkn ds }kjk nkf[ky fofoèk ;kfpdk
(felysfu;l vihy) ua- 61@88 rduhdh vkèkkj ij fnukWad 22 twu
91 dks [kkfjt dj nhA
U;k;ky; ds vuqlkj }kjdk izlkn dh fupyh vnkyr esa
nkf[ky vthZ esa ftl izdkj dh ekWaxsa gSa] os dEiuh ;kfpdk ds ekè;e ls
gh izkIr dh tk ldrh gSa] fupyh dksVZ dks ,slh jkgr nsus dk vfèkdkj
ugha gSA jes'k dh gqbZ ikS ckjg--- bl fu.kZ; dh vkM+ esa jes'k nSfud
HkkLdj ij iwjk vkfèkiR; dj vPNh Qly dkVus yxkA
jes'k ds }kjk gkbZdksVZ esa nk;j MA- 60/88 esa gkbZdksVZ us ftyk
U;k;ky; dk vkWMZj fujLr fd;kA
gkbZdksVZ rd dk lQj de iM+k] blfy, jes'k us }kjdk izlkn dks
56

gkbZdksVZ ds vkns'k ds f[kykQ vxys vkSj vkf[kjh **tax , eSnku** lqizhe
dksVZ tkus ds fy, ckè; dj fn;kA
}kjdk dh lèkh gqbZ pky %&

lqizhedksVZ esa Hkh gqvk eYy;q¼
lqizhe dksVZ esa Hkh gqbZ tksj&vktekb'kA gkbZdksVZ ds vkns'k ds fo#¼
}kjdk izlkn ds lg;ksxh Ogh-,l-nslkbZ us lqizhe dksVZ esa fo'ks"k vuqefr
;kfpdk (SLP) nk;j dhA lqizhe dksVZ us vihysaV cksMZ dks vihy fu.khZr
djus dk vkns'k fn;kA

16 ebZ1988& jes'k us eksgyr ekaxh
jes'k us fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV Xokfy;j ls }kjdk izlkn dh f'kdk;r
ij tkjh dkj.k crkvks uksfVl ds tokc ds fy, le; ekWaxkA

25 ebZ1988& ugha feyh eksgyr

daiuh fiVh'ku Øa- 2@88
lc feydj yM+s---1988 esa jes'k ds vR;kpkjksa ds f[kykQ fd'kksjh nsoh] fo'kEHkj
n;ky vxzoky] vt; dqekj vxzoky] }kjdk izlkn vxzoky] gseyrk
vxzoky vkSj vuqjkèkk vxzoky us ekspkZ [kksykA gkbZdksVZ dh Xokfy;j csap
ds lkeus HkkLdj ifCyds'ku ,.M ,ykbM baMLVªht izk- fyfeVsM] jes'kpUnz
vxzoky] 'kkjnk nsoh vxzoky] lqèkhj vxzoky] èkzqo ukjk;.k [kUuk vkSj
Mhds frokjh dks pqukSrh nh xbZA og daiuh fiVh'ku ua- 2@88 FkhA
jes'k us dEiuh fiVh'ku esa }kjdk izlkn vkSj gseyrk dks daiuh
dk lekukarj n¶rj [kksyus ls jksdus dh] nSfud HkkLdj dk iz d k'ku
jksdus dh vkSj mUgsa eSusftax Mk;jsDVj vkSj TokbUV eSusftax Mk;jsDVj
ds :i esa dk;Z djus ls jksdus dh xqgkj yxkbZ rFkk lkFk gh lkFk }kjdk
ds 11 vizSy 1988 ds fMDys;js'ku dks okfil ysus dh ekax dhA
}kjdk #dk ughaA mlus nh 'kg%&

jes'k ds11ekpZ1985 ds fMDysjs'ku
ij yxh vkifRr
27 vizSy1988 dks }kjdk dh vksj ls Mh-,e ds le{k

dfyuk;d

vkos n u i= izLrqr fd;k x;k fd jes'k dk11ekpZ 1985 dk
fMDys;js'ku fujLr fd;k tk,A
}kjdk dh f'kdk;r ij fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV Xokfy;j us jes'k dks
dkj.k crkvks uksfVl tkjh dj fn;kA blls jes'k dks djaV yx x;kA
?kVukØe bl izdkj Fkk %&

57

fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV ds }kjk jes'k dh ,Iyhds'ku [kkfjt dj nh xbZA
vc jes'k dks le> esa vk x;k fd vc ckr ugha cuus okyh] fnYyh
fdruh nwj gSA rks jes'k ds gkFkksa ls rksrs mM+ x,A ysfdu oks dgkWa gkj ekuus
okyk FkkA fQj jes'k us vkSj nks gFkd.Ms viuk,A rkjh[k Fkh%&

04 twu1988
igyk gFkd.Mk & fMys VsfDVl
jes'k us ekeys dks jcj dh rjg yack [khapus ds fy, fQj 10 fnu
dk le; ekWaxkA blfy, lcls igys mlus fMys VSfDVl dk lgkjk fy;kA
nwljk gFkd.Mk &&lq
lquokbZ jksdus ds fy, esUVsufofyVh dk iz'u
mBk;k
jes'k pkgrk Fkk fd lquokbZ ds ifg;ksa dks vMWaxk Mkydj jksd
fn;k tk,A
jes'k us vkifÙk ntZ dh fd fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV dks }kjdk izlkn
dh vkifÙk ij fopkj djus dk vfèkdkj ugha gSA
ikBdksa] vkidks le> vk x;k gksxk fd jes'k us lquokbZ dk
>esyk [kRe djus ds fy, ;kfpdk dh izpyu'khyrk dk iz'u mBk;kA
58

tc lquokbZ gh ugha gksxh rks QSlyk Hkh D;k gksxk ;kfu uk jgs ckWal] uk
cts cklq¡jhA
fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV ds }kjk jes'k ds nksuksa vkosnu [kkfjt dj
fn;sA nksuks nkao ugha pys] blls jes'k dks fQj >Vdk yx x;kA
vc jes'k ds ikl gkbZdksVZ dh 'kj.k esa tkus ds flok; dksbZ
jkLrk ugha cpkA blfy, jes'k us gkbZdksVZ Xokfy;j ds le{k ;kfpdk
nk;j dhA &

06 twu1988
gkbZdksVZ us 6 twu 1988 dks ftyk U;k;ky; esa py jgh izfØ;k dks
LFkfxr fd;kA ;g fnu jes'k ds fy, jkgr dk iSxke ysdj vk;kA blls
jes'k dh tku esa tku vkbZA

vkSj vWFkfUVdsVsM (vfHkizekf.kr) djus dk vfèkdkjh ugha FkkA ;s rks ogh
ckr gqbZ fd tkuk Fkk phu] igqWap x;s tkikuA
vkSj blls Hkh T;knk ets dh ckr ;g gS fd mijksDr fMDysjs'ku
,l-lh-'kqDyk eftLVªsV] fMIVh dysDVj Hkksiky ds lkeus izLrqr
fd;k Fkk u fd Xokfy;j ds lkeusA ysfdu fn[kk;k ,sls x;k tSls fd
11ekpZ 1985 dk fMDysjs'ku ,DthD;wfVo eftLVªsV Xokfy;j ds
lkeus izLrqr fd;k x;kA ;gh rks jes'k dh pky FkhA vtZ fd;k gS& yhd
iqjkuh uk rtsa] d`r?u dqfVy diwrA
cksMZ us fMDys;js'ku ds lacaèk esa dgk%&

cksMZ fde mokp&

gkbZdksVZ ds vkns'k dh tkudkjh u gksus ls fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV
Xokfy;j us jes'k dk11ekpZ 1985 dk fMDysjs'ku fujLr dj fn;kA
bl vkns'k ds f[kykQ jes'k us cksMZ esa vihy dhA laHkkouk gS
fd ckth iyVrs oDr mlds psgjs dh jaxr mM+ x;h gksxhA
QthZ fMDys;js'ku dk Qsadk ikWlk] U;k;ky; dks fn;k >kWalkA

11ekpZ 1985 ds fMDys;js'ku dk Åijh fgLlk lQsn dkxt
ls <dk gqvk gSA laHkor% Åij fy[kh tkudkjh dks Nqikus ds fy, ;s
egkdkjLrkuh dh xbZ gSA
fMIVh dysDVj vkSj ,DthD;wfVo eftLVªsV] Hkksiky dh lhy
ds uhps ,DthD;wfVo eftLVªsV Xokfy;j dh lhy dk èkaqèkyk bEizs'ku
fn[kk;k x;k gSA
fMDysjs'ku dk fizaVsM izksQkWekZ Hkksiky dk gSA
djs dksbZ---Hkjs dksbZ--- ;kfu cfy dk cdjk

jes'k dk QthZ fMDysjs'ku

cfy dk cdjk&

ets dh ckr ;g gS fd jes'k dk 11ekpZ 1985 dk
fMDysjs'ku lc&fMohtuy eftLVªsV ;k izsflMsalh eftLVªsV ds lkeus
izLrqr ugha fd;k x;k FkkA ogh fMDys;js'ku QkeZ dks Lohdkjus vkSj
vWFkfUVdsVsM (vfHkizekf.kr) djus dk vfèkdkjh FkkA
og fMDys;js'ku QkeZ fMIVh dysDVj de (Cum) eftLVªVs ds
lkeus izLrqr fd;k Fkk tks fd fu;ekuqlkj fMDysjs'ku QkeZ dks Lohdkjus

ekeys ls iYyk >kM+rs gq, viuh xyfr;ksa dk Bhdjk viuh 'krjath
fclkr ds eksgjs Mk;jsDVj nsosUnz frokjh ds flj ij QksM+rs gq, jes'k [kqn
fdukjs gks x;kA bl ekeys esa lkQ eqdjrs gq, jes'k us lQkbZ esa dgk fd
fMDysjs'ku nsosUnz frokjh us izLrqr fd;k FkkA nsosUnz frokjh daiuh dk
Mk;jsDVj FkkA nsosUnz ds flj ij nks"k e<+dj jes'k ;g Hkh ugha crk ik;k
fd fMDysjs'ku QkeZ esa nks&nks txg dh lhy dSls yxh gqbZ gSA

Mh-,e-us fd;k jes'k dk 11ekpZ1985 dk
fMDysjs'ku fujLr

dfyuk;d

59

60

bl ?kVuk ls geus tks lh[kk] og Fkk %&

jes'k dh fofoèk ;kfpdk
Øa-& 706@88 nk;j vkSj okfil

lQyrk dk ,d vkSj--- dfy;qxh QaMk
vkidks ,sls eksgjksa ;kuh cfy ds cdjksa dh t:jr gS] tks vkids fy,
xans dkeksa dks dj ns]a rkfd xyrh (nks"k) mtkxj gksus ij mls eksgjksa ds ekFks
e<+k tk lds vkSj yksxksa dk è;ku cfy ds cdjs ij dsfUnzr dj vkidh
vksj ls gVk;k tk ldsA blls vki jgsxa s csnkxA csdlwj ij viuk dlwj
Fkksiuk lpeqp ykSfdd lQyrk dh fu'kkuh gSA blls ykSfdd lQyrk
dk jes'kh&QaMk ;s gkFk vk;k fd&
**viuh xyfr;ksa dk nks"k cfy ds cdjksa ij e<+ nsaA**
vius 11 ekpZ 1985 ds QthZ fMDys;js'ku ds fujLr gksus ls igys
gh ,d pky jes'k dh vksj ls%&

pwWafd vihysV cksMZ ml le; QaD'kuy ugha Fkk blfy, jes'k
us Mh-,e ds 6 twu 1988 ds vkns'k ds f[kykQ gkbZdksVZ Xokfy;j esa
fofoèk ;kfpdk 6&706@88 nk;j dhA

;kfpdk cuh& vk;kjke x;kjke
vihysV cksMZ esa vihy fopkjkèkhu gksus ds dkj.k jes'k dks gkbZdksVZ
Xokfy;j esa nk;j ;kfpdk okil ysuh iM+hA ysfdu jes'k dks vihysaV cksMZ
ls vihy Hkh okfil ysuh iM+h%&
vkSj vk;k VsDuhdy ykspk

jes'k us vihy okfil yh

jes'k us is'k fd;k u;k fMDysjs'ku
QthZ fMDys;js'ku ds fujLr gksus ls igys gh jes'k us fMfLVªDV
eftLVªsV Xokfy;j ds lkeus Mk;jsDVj frokjh ds ekè;e ls 12 ebZ
1988 dks ,d u;k fMDys;js'ku izLrqr fd;kA ftlesa jes'k dks izdk'kd]
eqnzd vkSj laiknd crk;k x;kA ysfdu jes'k dk ;s QaMk Hkh Qsy gks x;k
D;ksafd Mh-,e- us dksbZ vkns'k ikfjr ugha fd;kA

jes'k us vihysV cksMZ esa nk;j vihy bl vkèkkj ij okfil ys yh
fd 8 vxLr 1988 ds igys (tcfd cksMZ dh dk;kZofèk [kRe gks jgh
Fkh) vihy dk fujkdj.k gksuk laHko ugha FkkA bl le; jes'k dh fLFkfr
**u bèkj ds] u mèkj ds] u ?kj ds uk ?kkV ds** tSlh gks xbZ FkhA
tax&,&eSnku gkbZdksVZ& jes'k us fQj xqgkj yxk;hA

06-06-1988

nksckjk gkbZdksVZ esa fofoèk ;kfpdk
Øekad 798@88 nk;j

pw W a f d iz d j.k cks M Z ds le{k fopkjkèkhu Fkk blfy, bl
vkèkkj ij fMfLVªDV eftLVªVs Xokfy;j ds }kjk fMDys;js'ku dks vWFkfUVdsVMs
djus ls euk dj fn;k x;kA vc jes'k fiatjkcUn iaNh dh rjg QM+QM+k
jgk FkkA blfy, jes'k us izl
s ,.M jftLVª's ku cksMZ dk jkLrk idM+k %&

jes'k vihysaV cksMZ dh 'kj.k esa&
tc Mh-,e- us fMDys;js'ku dks vWFkfUVdsV ugha fd;k rks jes'k us izsl
,oa jftLVªs'ku cksMZ esa vihy nk;j dhA vkSj vihysV cksMZ ls ekaxk U;k;A

dfyuk;d

61

jes'k us 6 twu 1988 ds vkns'k ds f[kykQ gkbZdksVZ esa ,eih-ua- 798@88 nk;j dhA
gkbZdksVZ us 26 vxLRk 1989 dks vkns'k ikfjr dj jes'k dks
nSfud HkkLdj Nkius dh vuqefr nhA
gkbZdksVZ us ;g vkns'k Hkh lquk;k fd tc rd vihysV cksMZ
izdj.k esa vkns'k u ikfjr dj ns rc rd dysDVj dk vkns'k LVs jgsxkA
62

jes'k dh rhu vihysa vihyasV cksMZ ds lkeus&

vihysV cksMZ us ;g vkns'k ikfjr dj VkbVy lacaèkh fookn dks mRiUu
dj fn;k gSA jes'k ;g drbZ ugha pkgrk FkkA ;s rks ogh gqvk fd] vk;s Fks
gfjHktu dks] vksVu yxs diklA
jes'k dh detksjh%&

vihy esa urhtk D;k gqvk] vkxs nsf[k, %&
igyk iapj

1- vihy ua-1 gqbZ [kkfjt
11vizSy 1988 dks }kjdk izlkn }kjk izLrqr fd;s x;s
fMDysj's ku ds vFkWfUVds'ku ds Mh-,e ds vkns'k fn- 12 vizSy1988
ds fo#¼ jes'k ds }kjk izsl ,oa jftLVªs'ku vihysaV cksMZ esa igyh vihy
nk;j dhA
;g vihy 29 ebZ 1991 dks bl vkèkkj ij [kkfjt gks xbZ
fd izLrqr vihy lquus (fopkj.k) ;ksX; (Maintainable) ugha gSA
nwljk iapj

2- nwljh vihy esa gq, tkaWp ds vkns'k
jes'k ds }kjk Mh-,e-Xokfy;j ds vkns'k fnukWad 6 twu 1988
ds fo:¼ nwljh vihy nk;j dh xbZA bl vihy dk D;k gJ gqvk] vc
;s tkfu,A
6 twu 88 ds vkns'k esa jes'k ds }kjk izLrqr 12ebZ 1988
ds fMDys;js'ku ij dysDVj us dksbZ vkns'k ikfjr djus ls badkj dj
fn;k FkkA bl vihy esa 29 ebZ 91 dks vihysV cksMZ us Mh-,e- ds vkns'k
fnukWad 6 twu 1988 dks fujLr dj ;g vkns'k ikfjr fd;k fd Mh,e- iwjh tkap iM+rky dj vkSj lHkh i{kksa dks lqudj 12 ebZ 1988
ds fMDys;js'ku ij vkns'k ikfjr djsA
vihysV cksMZ ds tkWap iM+rky ds bl fu.kZ; ls jes'k dks vius ikals
mYVs iM+rs fn[kkbZ fn,A ;s rks ,slk gqvk fd flj eqM+krs gh cjls vksysA
blls %&

jes'k Mj x;k&
jes'k dks yxk fd vihysV cksMZ ds vkns'k ls mRiUu Vk;Vy lacaèkh
fookn mlds fy;s ?kkVs dk lkSnk lkfcr gks ldrk gSA jes'k us dgk fd

dfyuk;d

63

D;ksa ugha pkgrk jes'k\
vjs HkkbZ] og blfy, fd] ,slk djus ls jes'k dh iksyiV~Vh [kqy
tkrhA lcdks irk py tkrk fd jes'k dks nSfud HkkLdj Nkius dk
vfèkdkj ugha gSA jes'k iki rks djuk pkgrk gS ysfdu ifj.kke ugha
Hkksxuk pkgrkA

D;k Fkk iki] vkSj D;k gksrk ifj.kke----\
njvly] ekeyk ;s gS fd nSfud HkkLdj ds ekfyd lu~
1952 ls 1972 rd }kjdk izlkn FksA lu~ 1972 ds ckn nSfud
HkkLdj dh ekfyd QeZ& }kjdk izlkn ,oa cznlZ cu xbZ FkhA QeZ ls ;g
vfèkdkj jes'k ;k mldh dEifu;ksa (jkbVlZ ,oa ifCy'klZ ;k Mh-ch-dkiZ)
dks ugha feyk FkkA
?kksj vaèksj ;g gS fd jes'k ds ikl ,slk dksbZ oSèk nLrkost ugha
gS] ftlls fd og nSfud HkkLdj dk ekfyd fl¼ gks ldsA ysfdu fQj
Hkh og pkch ds fcuk rkyk rksM+dj tksj tcjnLrh ls dkuwu dks rkd ij
j[kdj vkt Hkh èkM+Yys ls nSfud HkkLdj Nki jgk gSA

3- rhljh vihy gqbZ [kkfjt
fnukWad 6 twu 88 ds vkns'k ds }kjk Mh-,e- us jes'k ds }kjk
izLrqr fMDys;js'ku fnukWad 11ekpZ1985 dks fujLr dj fn;k FkkA bl
vkns'k ds fo:¼ rhljh vihy nk;j gqbZA
;g vihy cksMZ ds }kjk [kkfjt dj nh xbZA
64

firk ds eksgjs ds f[kykQ pkyksa dh ckSNkj&

vxyh pky Hkh jes'k dh %&

jes'k dh fofoèk ;kfpdk Øa- 1724@1991

fofoèk ;kfpdk Øa 1724@91

vihy ua-1 ds fo#¼ jes'k us gkbZdksVZ esa fofoèk ;kfpdk Ø1724@91 nk;j dhA ;kfpdk esa jes'k us vius firk ds }kjk izLrqr
fMDys;js'ku dks fujLr djus dh ekWax dhA ysfdu%&
jes'k ;gha ij ugha :d x;kA tc rd mlus nwljh vkSj rhljh
vihy esa ikfjr vkns'k ds fo#¼ gkbZdksVZ esa ;kfpdk nk;j ugha dj nh
rc rd og pSu ls ugha cSBkA ;kfpdk dk uEcj ,e-ih-& 1654@91FkkA
bl ;kfpdk esa gkbZdksVZ us 30 flrEcj1991 dh fLFkfr cuk;s
j[kus (;FkkfLFkfr) dk vkns'k ikfjr fd;k FkkA
;s Fkk eqdneksa dk egklaxzkeA njvly fookn dk xksyk jes'k
ds xys esa ,slk vVdk fd uk fuxyk] u mxykA gte djus dk ekSdk gh
ugha feykA vc ejrk D;k uk djrkA eqdnes is eqdnek is eqdnekA
,d e;ku esa nks ryokj&

pSu dh uhan u ysrs gq, jes'k us vius firk ds izdk'ku ds lg;ksxh
Ogh-,l-nslkbZ vkSj gseyrk ds f[kykQ ;kfpdk nk;j dh tks fd Ogh-,lnslkbZ ds }kjk fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV Xokfy;j ds le{k izLrqr fMDys;js'ku
vkSj vWFkfUVds'ku ds f[kykQ FkhA
*mYVk pksj dksroky dks MkWaVs** ,slk Fkk jes'k dk vUnktA
ns f [k,%&

mM+h ckck! nks&nks nSfud HkkLdj---;gkWa ij vkdj tax dqN jkspd gks x;hA 1 vDVwcj 1991 ls
}kjdk izlkn us Hkh lekukarj nSfud HkkLdj Xokfy;j pykuk 'kq: dj
fn;kA blls jes'k dks phVk yx x;kA ysfdu dkVrs gh phVk ej x;k] ,slk
ge ugha dg jgs gaAaS
vkSj ;s Fkh jes'k dh vxyh pky%&

felysfu;l ;kfpdk Øa-1654@91
jes'k us }kjdk dks tqM+ok&HkkLdj Nkius ls jksdus ds fy, felysfu;l
;kfpdk gkbZdksVZ Xokfy;j esa nk;j dhA f[kfl;k, jes'k dk dguk Fkk fd
og nS f ud HkkLdj Xokfy;j dk iz d k'kd] eq n z d vkS j la i knd
11ekpZ1985 ls FkkA blfy, udyh nSfud HkkLdj fudkydj firk
us esjs vfèkdkj dh rkSghu dh gSA
dfyuk;d
65

**esjk v[kckj }kjdk ds
v[kckj ls vPNk**---- jes'k
jes'k (MA 1724@91 esa) dgrk gS fd& }kjdk izlkn
1vDVwcj 1991 ls nSfud HkkLdj dk cgqr gh gYdk
(Pale
version) laLdj.k izdkf'kr dj jgs gSaA
jes'k us firk ds v[kckj dks udyh (Duplicate) crk;kA cki
dk udyh] esjk vlyh gS ehykMZ ---- th gkWa ;gh dguk Fkk jes'k dkA
mldk vk'k; ;gh Fkk fd& **iwr dk ikao firk ls Hkkjh gSA** }kjdk dk
HkkLdj] jes'k ds HkkLdj dh xq.koÙkk dk eqdkcyk ugha dj ldrkA
Li"V gS fd jes'k vxzoky dh fLFkfr lqyxrs gq, iVk[ks dh
rjg FkhA tSls mlesa ls gj le; fpaxkjh fudyrh gS] mlh rjg
jes'k us ,d ds ckn ,d eqdneksa dh >M+h yxk nhA

lQyrk dk ,d vkSj---dfy;qxh QaMk
jes'k ,d eqdnek gkjk rks mlus nwljk yxk fn;k] nwljk gkjk rks
rhljk yxk fn;kA og fujk'k gksdj #dk ugha] Fkek ughaA mlus yxkrkj
fcuk ukxk fd, gq, cki ls yM+kbZ tkjh j[kh vkSj lQy gksdj gh ne
66

fy;kA blls ykSfdd lQyrk dk dfy;qxh (jes'kh) QaMk ;s gkFk vk;k
fd&
**dke xyr gks ;k lgh] mlesa fujUrj yxs jgus ls lQyrk
fey gh tkrh gSA**

cki us dh csVs dh f'kdk;r
}kjdk us lwpuk ,oa izlkj.k ea=ky; dks f'kdk;r HksthA
lwpuk ,oa izlkj.k ea=ky; us ekeys dh tkWpa ds fy, vkj,uvkbZ
dks funsZf'kr fd;kA
fjdkMks± dk voyksdu dj ;g ik;k fd QeZ }kjdk izlkn
vxzoky ,aM cznlZ gh nSfud HkkLdj ds vlyh ekfyd gSaA vkj,uvkbZ
us vius vkns'k fnukWad 4 ebZ1990 ds }kjk QeZ ds ekfyd gksus dh
?kks"k.kk dj nhA
ml ?kks"k.kk ls jes'k fryfeyk dj jg x;kA
blh chp e`R;q&'kS;k ij eqdneksa ls nks pkj gksrs&gksrs %&

}kjdk izlkn ekj fn;s x;s
cw<+h gfM~M;kWa] Fkdk 'kjhj] cksf>y eu] m[kM+rh lkWalas] yM+[kM+krs
dne vkf[kj dc rd vius diwr ds tqYeksflre dks lgrsA csVk] tks
ukyk;d fudyk] ds deks± dh fpUrk esa ,d cki ekufld vk?kkr >sydj
py clkA 20 tqykbZ 1993 dks jes'k xqV dh izrkM+uk dss pyrs }kjdk
izlkn us vafre lkal yhA
;{k iz'u ;gh gS fd }kjdk izlkn ejs ;k ekjs x,\
}kjdk izlkn dh fprk esa cgqr dqN tydj [kkd gqvk-1- ,d cki dh vius csVs ls pkgh x;h vis { kkkkA
2- ,d cki dh vius csVkas ls pkgh x;h lsok dh vk'kk
vk'kkA
3- viuh vkSykn ls cq<+kis esa lq[k ikus dh dkeuk
dkeukA
4- iwjs ?kj ifjokj dks ,d lkFk ysdj pyus dk liuk
liukA

dfyuk;d

67

,d cki vius csVs ls vis{kk j[krk gS& cM+kas dks J¼s; ekusxk] firk
dh Hkkoukvksa dk [;ky j[ksxk] izes &Hkkouk j[ksxk] mudh j{kk djsxkA
lkjk dkjksckj lHkh mÙkjkfèkdkfj;ksa ds lg;ksx ls fey ckaV ds pyk,xkA
D;k }kjdk izlkn dk ,slk lkspuk xyr Fkk\ mudk csVk vkSj
mlds fgek;rh }kjdk dks ekjus dh ftEesnkjh ls cp ugha ldrsA
mudk yksd u Hkh fcxM+]s ysfdu ijyksd vo'; fcxM+xs kA D;ksfa d
*d`r?urk* ls cM+k dksbZ iki ughaAa
jes'k ;g le>dj Hkh uk le> cuk jgrk Fkk & fd ,d chekj
cqtqxZ firk o muls tqM+h vkWa[ksa dbZ ekspks± ij reke dfBukbZ;ksa dks >syrs
gq, le; ds lkFk la?k"kZ dj jgh gSaA jes'k us mYVk mu ij okj dj fn;kA
og fdlh 'kfDr&'kkyh ds f[kykQ ekspkZ ugha [kksy ldrk] mruk ;ksX;
Hkh ugha gSA blfy, ,d cw<+s O;fDr ds izfr vkØked gks x;kA
ekrk&firk dk fny nq[kkuk iki gS fd iq.;\ dksbZ crk, ;k u
crk,] bZ'oj t:j jes'k dks crk,xkA
iq= dk y{k.k&

iqaukEuks ujdk|LekR=k;rs firja lqr%A
rLekRiq= bfr izksä% Lo;eso Lo;aHkqokAA
bl 'yksd esa egf"kZ euq us iq= 'kCn dh ifjHkk"kk nh gSA (;%) tks (lqr%)
iq= (firje~) ekrk&firk dks (iqeu~ kEu% ujdkr~) *iqe~ = o`¼koLFkk vkfn
ls mRiUu gksus okys nq%[kksa ls (=k;rs) lHkh izdkj ls j{kk djrk gS*
(rLekr~) bl dkj.k ls (Lo;aHkqok Lo;eso *iq=%* bfr izkDs r%) Lo;aHkw bZ'oj
us osnksa esa csVs dks *iq=* laKk ls vfHkfgr fd;k gSA
bl ifjHkk"kk ls ;g fl¼ gks tkrk gS fd lkalkfjd O;fDr;ksa dk iq=
izkfIr dk mís'; ;g gksrk gS fd iq=] thou es]a o`¼koLFkk es]a d"V ls j{kk
djs vkSj èku&vUu&ty vkfn ls ikyu&iks"k.k djsA
68

pkSFkk vè;k;

dgrs gSa Hkxoku ds ;gkWa nsj gS vaèksj ugha---- ij foMEcuk ;s gS
fd nsj gh rks lcls cM+k vaèksj gS ftldk iwjk Qk;nk mBkdj jes'k vkt
Hkh dkuwu dks eqag fp<+krs gq, èkM+Yys ls nSfud HkkLdj Nki jgk gSA
cki dh ekSr ;kfu vkèkk fdyk Qrg-----

tcyiqj dk QthZokM+k

jes'k us thrh vkèkh ckth
20 tqykbZ 1993 dks }kjdk izlkn us vafre lkal yhA firk ds ejrs
gh jes'k dh jkg dk ,d cM+k jksM+k gV x;kA cki ds ejrs gh yM+kbZ dk
Vs'a ku [kReA bl rjg 'krjat vius vafre iM+ko esa igqWpa xbZA ogha%&

dsl yM+rs&yM+rs pkpk fo'kEHkj Hkh ej x;s
blh [kpM+&ipM+ esa jes'k ds pkpk fo'kEHkj n;ky vxzoky 21
vizy
S 2001 dks jke dks I;kjs gks x;sA fo'kEHkj :ih dkWaVk Hkh fudy
x;kA ysfdu jes'k yM+rk jgk--- gj eap ij -----'kk;n bl Hkqykos es-a -- fd
og lathouh cwVh [kkdj vk;k gS] mldk jkeuke lR; ugha gksxkA og dHkh
ugha dgsxk%&

vyfonk , ftUnxkuh----vyfonk
U;k; dh izrh{kk djrs&djrs ijyksd flèkkj x, vHkkxksa ds izfr ,d
J`¼katfy bu 'kCnksa esa %&
}kjdk&fo'kEHkj--- dsl yM+rs&yM+rs ej x;s]
'kkjnk l;kuh--- dsl yEck [khaprs&[khaprs ej x;h]
gseyrk&fd'kksjh] egs'k vkSj dkuwu dk ejuk ckdh gS]
;gh rks gekjh U;k;&O;oLFkk dh] vlyh >k¡dh gSA

uokch uxjh Hkksiky] gksYdj uxjh bUnkSj o flafèk;k uxjh Xokfy;j
ds ckn jes'k dh Vs<+h utj vc xksaMokuk uxjh tcyiqj ij Hkh iM+us yxh
FkhA cxSj pDdksa ds gh èkkaèkyh dk jFk nkSM+krs&nkSM+krs jes'k tcyiqj tk
igqaWpkA

firk dks ugha c['kk rks dkdk fdl [ksr dh ewyh\
1986 ls tcyiqj dk nSfud HkkLdj fo'kEHkj n;ky vxzoky QeZ
Mh-ih-vxzoky ,.M cznlZ ds ikVZuj ds :i esa pyk jgs FksA jes'k dks ;g
xokjk ugha Fkk fd ftl HkkLdj ds Hkksiky] bUnkSj o Xokfy;j dk og
ekfyd cu cSBk gS] mldk ekfydkuk gd fdlh vkSj ds uke Hkh gksA mls
** cuuk FkkA
,d**
rks iwT; lkabZ ckck dh rjg] **lcdk ekfyd--- ,d
blfy, mlus fo'kEHkj vkSj muds csVksa dks vius jgeks&dje ij thus
nsus dk ,glkl djkus dh ,d ubZ pky pyhA jes'k dh pky lQy gks
xbZA fQj D;k gqvk\ gqvk ;s fd%&

dkdk dks yxh jes'k dh utj
ogh fo'kEHkj tks dHkh nSfud HkkLdj dk 30 izfr'kr dk
ekfyd gqvk djrk Fkk] vc nSfud HkkLdj ds izdk'ku ds fy,
iêsnkj (yht gksYMj) cu x;kA jes'k iiêk
êk nsus okyk cu x;kA
vkb,]ns[ksa ;s gqvk dSls \

HkkLdj tcyiqj dk ekfyd& fo'kEHkj
fo'kaHkj n;ky vxzoky us tcyiqj esa nSfud HkkLdj dk izdk'ku 8

dfyuk;d

69

70

tqykbZ 1986 ls 'kq: fd;kA tqykbZ 1986 esa fo'kEHkj n;ky us tks
?kks"k.kk i= Hkjk Fkk] mlesa mUgksaus [kqn dks nSfud HkkLdj dk ekfyd gksuk
n'kkZ;k FkkA

fo'kEHkj us jftLVªs'ku uEcj ekaxk-blds ckn 24 tuojh 1987 dks fo'kEHkjn;ky us jftLVªkj
vkj-,u-vkbZ] vkj ds iqje~] ubZ fnYyh dks i= fy[k dj Lo;a ds uke
ls nSfud HkkLdj tcyiqj gsrq jftLVª's ku uEcj iznku djus dk vkosnu
izLrqr fd;kA
24 tuojh 1987 ds fo'kaHkj n;ky vxzoky dss jftLVªkj
U;wt isij vkWQ bf.M;k dks fn, vkosnu esa fy[kk fd 1972 ls jftLVMZ
QeZ esllZ }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,.M cznlZ gh vlyh ekfyd gSA ftlds
vèkhu Hkksiky] Xokfy;j] bankSj vkSj >kWalh ds laLdj.k yht ij lapkfyr
ky] esllZ
gSaA Øe'k% esllZ jkbVj ,.M ifCy'klZ izk;osV fyfeVsM] Hkks i ky
HkkLdj ifCyds'ku ,.M ,ykbM bUMLVªht izk;osV fyfeVsM Xokfy;j
Xokfy;j]
esllZ HkkLdj xzkfQDl ,.M fizfUVax vkVZ izk;osV fyfeVsM] ba n kS j vkSj
esllZ lat; vxzoky] >kWalh blds lapkyd gSaA blh dM+h esa tcyiq j
ls esllZ HkkLdj izdk'ku izkbosV fyfeVsM nSfud HkkLdj dk lapkyu
djus vkxs vk;k gSA bl ij vkj-,u-vkbZ us dgk%&

HkkLdj dh oSèkkfud ekfyd QeZ & vkj-,u-vkbZ
vkj-,u-vkbZ us fo'kEHkj n;ky ds i= ds tokc esa crk;k fd
nSfud HkkLdj VkbVy dh oSèkkfud ekfyd QeZ esllZ }kjdk izlkn
vxzoky ,.M cznlZ gSA
vkj-,u-vkbZ us vkxs crk;k fd fo'kEHkj n;ky ds uke ls nSfud
HkkLdj VkbVy nh ugha tk ldrh gSA vkj,uvkbZ us fo'kEHkj n;ky dks
28 tuojh 1987 dks funsZf'kr fd;k fd }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,.M

dfyuk;d

71

cznlZ dk uke ekfyd ds :i esa fn[kkdj nwljk ?kks"k.kk i= nkf[ky dj
bl Hkwy dks lqèkkjsaA
vkj-,u-vkbZ- ds i= ds ifjikyu esa fo'kEHkj n;ky us u;k
fMDys;js'ku QkeZ tek djk;k ftlesa mlus QeZ dks Lokeh ekuk rFkk QeZ
}kjk HkkLdj izdk'ku izk-fy- ds fy;s fo'kEHkj n;ky vxzoky dks vfèkdkj
iznku fd;k] ,slk ekukA
fo'kEHkj n;ky ds vkj,uvkbZ ds vkns'k vuq:i Hkjs ?kks"k.kk&i=
fnukWad 4 Qjojh 1987 dks ekU; dj fy;k x;kA vc ns[ksa fd--- dSls
cuk Hkrhtk] vius pkpk dk nq'eu uEcj ou%&

jes'k us yxkbZ vkif
Ùk
vkifÙk
tc bl izdkj dk fMDys;js'ku fo'kEHkjn;ky vxzoky }kjk
izLrqr fd;k rks jes'k us fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV tcyiqj ds lkeus vkifRr
ntZ djkbZ fd nSfud HkkLdj dk VkbVy QeZ dk gSA
jes'k us fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV ls ;s Hkh dgk fd QeZ }kjk
fo'kEHkjn;ky vxzoky dks bl izdkj dh dksbZ vuqefr ugha nh xbZ
gSA ikVZujksa dh lgefr Hkh ugha yh xbZ gSA

jes'k ds nks eqaWg
nSfud HkkLdj tcyiqj dk mn~?kkVu lekjksg rRdkyhu
eq[;ea=h eksrhyky oksjk ds eq[; vkfrF; esa gqvk FkkA ets dh ckr ;g
gS fd bl lekjksg esa jes'k us mifLFkr gksdj yPNsnkj Hkk"k.k Hkh fn;k
FkkA ;g Hkk"k.k vxys fnu ds isij esa Hkh Nik FkkA
yPNsnkj Hkk"k.k nsus okys mlh jes'k us fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV
tcyiqj ds ;gkWa ,d vkifÙk yxkbZ fd QeZ vkSj mldh vuqefr ds fcuk
fo'kEHkj n;ky us nSfud HkkLdj dk tcyiqj laLdj.k 'kq: fd;k gSA
72

[kSj] fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV tcyiqj ds lkeus yxh jes'k dh
vkifÙk ds dkj.k%&

fo'kEHkj dk ?kks"k.kk i= gqvk fujLr
Mh,e tcyiqj us vius vkns'k fnukWad 14-10-87 ds }kjk
;g ekuk fd nSfud HkkLdj VkbVy dk vlyh ekfyd QeZ }kjdk izlkn
,.M cznlZ gh gSA bl vkèkkj ij 30-1-87 dks fo'kEHkj }kjk nk;j
?kks"k.kk i= (fMDys;js'ku QkWeZ) fujLr dj fn;kA fo'kEHkj dks eSnku ls
ckgj dj] mldh txg [kqn nSfud HkkLdj ds izdk'ku ds vfèkdkj ysus
gsrq--- ;s Fkh jes'k dh nks eqqWgh pky%&

jes'k us u;k fMDysjs'ku Hkjk
Mh,e tcyiqj ds 14-10-87 ds vkns'k ds nks fnu ckn 1610-87 dks jes'k us nSfud HkkLdj ds izdk'ku ds vfèkdkj ysus gsrq u;k
fMDys;js'ku QkWeZ tek fd;k ftlesa mlus nSfud HkkLdj VkbVy dk
Lokeh QeZ }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,aM cznlZ dks rFkk Lo;a dks izdk'kd o
fizaVj crk;kA ;s Fkh ----[kwu ds fj'rksa ds lkFk&

nksxysiu dh ijkdk"Bk
vjs HkkbZ] dSlk gS ;s jes'k\ ,d rks og Hkksiky vkSj Xokfy;j
esa QeZ dks nSfud HkkLdj dk **ekfyd** ugha ekurk cfYd [kqn dks
mldk ekfyd fl¼ djrk gS vkSj ogha nwljh vksj tcyiqj eas QeZ dks
ekfyd n'kkZrk gSA vtc fojksèkkHkkl dh xtc dgkuh gS ;gA
,d vksj rks og 28 ucEcj 1987 dks nk;j eqdnes esa dgrk
gS fd QeZ [kRe gks xbZ gS] ogha nwljh vksj ckjg fnu igys nk;j ?kks"k.kk
i= esa og Lo;a dks nSfud HkkLdj dk ekfyd n'kkZrk gSA xaxk x, rks cu
x, xaxknkl] tequk x, rks cu x, tequknkl ;kuh fpRr Hkh esjk--- iV~V
Hkh esjkA

dfyuk;d

73

jes'k us fn[kk;k ikfjokfjd cVokjk
vkifÙk ij lquokbZ djrs gq, Mh,e tcyiqj ds le{k jes'k us lk{;
is'k fd;sA jes'k uss 13-4-85 dk ikfjokfjd cVokjk o 16-2-87 dk
i= is'k fd;kA bl i= esa }kjdk izlkn us mYys[k fd;k gS fd nSfud
HkkLdj dk VkbVy eSllZ jkbVlZ ,.M ifCy'klZ] Hkksiky dks LFkkukarfjr
dh tk jgh gSA ikfjokfjd cVokjs ds ckjs esa dkdk us dgk&

ikfjokfjd le>kSrk QthZ
jes'k ds pkpk fo'kEHkj n;ky us fMfLVªDV eftLVªsV ds le{k dgk fd
13 viz s y 1985 dh rkjh[k dk ikfjokfjd le>kSrk dHkh Hkh
fu"ikfnr ugha gqvkA og rks jes'k us QthZ tkyh nLrkost cuk;k gSA
,sls--- jes'k us ns nh] uVojyky dks ekrA

le>kSrs dh vlyh izfr dgha ugha
fo'kEHkj n;ky us Mh,e ls izkFkZuk dh fd jes'k dks funsZf'kr
fd;k tk;s fd og ikfjokfjd le>kSrs dh ewy izfr izLrqr djsA ijarq%&
jes'k us dHkh&Hkh ml le>kSrs dh ewy izfr izLrqr ugha dhA
djrk Hkh rks dSl\s gksrh] rc u djrkA >wBk dgha dkA
jes'k us 13 vizy
S 1985 dks ikVhZ'ku&MhM dk Hkh dkxt rS;kj
djok;kA ysfdu og ek= Mªk¶V FkkA og u rks iathd`r Fkk vkSj u gh mlesa
}kjdk izlkn vxzoky vkSj fo'kaHkj n;ky vxzoky ds gLrk{kj FksA
blls lkQ Fkk fd QthZ ikVhZ'ku&MhM dh vkM+ ysdj jes'k
viuk LokFkZ lkèkus dh tqxr fHkM+k jgk FkkA
njvly] jes'k vPNh rjg tkurk Fkk fd iSlksa ds ne ij bl
ns'k esa >wB dks Hkh cM+h vklkuh ls lp lkfcr fd;k tk ldrk gSA vius
blh mn~nMa fo'okl ds ne ij QthZ o dwVjfpr nLrkostksa ds vkèkkj ij
jes'k nSfud HkkLdj dk ekfydkuk gd vius firk o pkpkvksa ls gM+iuk
pkgrk FkkA }kjdk izlkn us okn Øekad 75&v@1987 esa izLrqr tokc&nkos
esa Hkh dgk fd 13-3-1985 dh rkjh[k dk ,xzhesUV QthZ gSA
74

bZuke #i, 10]00000 thfr,

HkkbZ&Hkrhtksa vkSj cguksa dks lcd fl[kkus dh ea'kk ls vius csVs lqèkhj
vxzoky ds tfj;s *uo&HkkLdj* dh xksVh QsadhA

ikfjokfjd le>kSrs dh ewy izfr izLrqr djus okys ikBd dks nl
yk[k #i, crkSj bZuke fn, tk,axsA ikfjokfjd le>kSrs dh vly izfr
fn[kkbZ, vkSj nl yk[k #i, dekbZ,A esjh 'kqHk&dkeuk,a vkids lkFk gSA

lqèkhj ls jpok;k uo&HkkLdj dk ukVd

Hkksiky dksVZ esa ,d dsl
fnukWad 28ucEcj 1987 dks jes'k us viuh daiuh esllZ jkbVlZ
,aM ifCy'klZ ds uke ls Hkksiky dksVZ esa ,d dsl (74 v@1987)
fo'kEHkj n;ky vkSj }kjdk izlkn ds fo:¼ nk;j fd;k ftlesa mlus
viuh daiuh dks nSfud HkkLdj dk ekfyd ?kksf"kr djus rFkk fo'kEHkj
vkSj }kjdk izlkn dks tcyiqj ;k vU; fdlh Hkh LFkku ls nSfud
HkkLdj izdkf'kr djus ls jksdus dh izkFkZuk dhA

jes'k us HkkLdj ifCyds'kal daiuh ds uke ls vius iq= lqèkhj
vxzoky ds ekè;e ls *uo&HkkLdj* lekpkj i= dh LFkkiuk dj mldk
izdk'ku tcyiqj ls 'kq: dj fn;kA

fo'kEHkj n;ky tks fd tcyiqj ls nSfud HkkLdj dk
izdk'ku dj jgk Fkk] mls *uo&HkkLdj* dk izdk'ku cgqr Hkkjh iM+kA
fo'kaHkj n;ky tcyiqj esa viuh HkkLdj dh lÙkk ij geyk cnkZ'r u
dj lds vkSj dksVZ&dpgjh ds pDdj yxkus yxsA os vius bykds esa
*uo&HkkLdj* :ih izfr}anh dks m[kkM+ Qsadus esa dfVc¼ FksA blhfy,%&

QthZokM+s dh Lora= ,tsalh ls tkWap gks %&

pkpk&Hkrhtk yM+ IkM+s

jes'kpUnz vxzoky ds }kjk esllZ }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ds LFkku ij
esllZ jkbVlZ ,.M ifCy'klZ izk;- fyfe- dks **nSfud HkkLdj** dh
lapkyd daiuh esa rCnhy djus ds QthZokM+s dh tkWap LorU= tkWap ,tsalh
ls djkbZ tk,A ;s ekWax %&
1- ftUnk jgrs jes'k ds firk }kjdk izlkn us dhA
2- muds fuèku ds ckn mudh foèkok fd'kksjh nsoh vkSj iqf=;ksa gseyrk
o vuqjkèkk us dhA
3- pkpk egs'k izlkn] fo'kEHkj vkSj Hkrhts Hkh le;&le; ij ;s ekWax
djrs jgsA rks Hkh ekeyk <kd ds rhu ikrA
njvly] vkj,uvkbZ vkSj vU; foHkkxksa ds yksx jes'k ls feys FksA
blfy, jes'k dh dkjLrkuh mtkxj gks ,slk dksbZ iz;kl ftEesnkj foHkkxksa
dh vksj ls unkjn jgkA jes'k us cnyk iSarjk&

fo'kEHkj n;ky us uo&HkkLdj ds izdk'ku dks jksdus ds fy, ,d
vkSj eqdnek (99&v@1991) tcyiqj ftyk U;k;ky; esa nk;j fd;kA

jes'k us pquk ,d u;k jkLrk ---1991 esa jes'k pUnz vxzoky us nSfud HkkLdj esa gd ekWax jgs

dfyuk;d

75

bl eqdnes esa U;k;ky; us vius vkns'k fnukWad 23
fnlEcj 1991 ds }kjk *uo&HkkLdj* ds izdk'ku ij jksd
yxk nh
nhAA

eqn~nk dsoy tcyiqj ls izdk'ku dk
tcyiqj esa fo'kEHkj dkdk ds nSfud HkkLdj ds izdk'ku dks
VDdj nsus ds fy, jes'k us **uo HkkLdj** ds izdk'ku dh ;kstuk cukbZA
vkSj vius csVs lqèkhj ds ekè;e ls tcyiqj ds fMfLVªDV eftLVªVs ds
le{k ?kks"k.kk&i= (fMDys;js'ku) izLrqr fd;kA ftls 3 fnlEcj 1991
dks ?kks"k.kk&i= dks Lohdkj (vfHkizekf.kr) dj fy;k x;kA
bl vfHkizek.khdj.k ds f[kykQ fo'kEHkj us felysfu;l
;kfpdk Ø-& 802@92 nk;j dhA
76

;kfpdk esa D;k ekaxk
;kfpdk esa uo HkkLdj ds 11vDVwcj 1991vkSj 14 Qjojh
1992 ds fMDys;js'ku dks fujLr djus dh ekax dh xbZ FkhA
fo'kEHkj dh vkifÙk dks fujLr djus okys dysDVj tcyiqj ds
vkns'k dks fujLr djus dh ekax Hkh dh FkhA lkFk gh
lqèkhj vxzoky vkSj mlds firk jes'k vxzoky dks uo HkkLdj
ds uke dk iz;ksx djus ij jksd yxkus dh xqgkj yxkbZ xbZ FkhA
tcyiq j mPp U;k;ky; es a nk;j ;kfpdk (,e-ihuEcj&1182@1992) ds yafcr jgus ds nkSjku }kjdk izlkn dks
NksM+dj ckdh Hkkb;ksa ds chp %&

29 twu 1992 dks gqvk le>kSrk
le>kSrs esa dgk x;k fd jes'k&iq= lqèkhj vxzoky tcyiqj ls
**uo&HkkLdj** fudkyuk cUn dj nsaxsA
pwWafd fu;ekuqlkj ,d jkT; esa ,d uke ds v[kckj ds ,d ls
vfèkd ekfyd ugha gks ldrsA bl etcwjh dks fn[kkdj jes'k us fo'kEHkj
dks etcwj dj fn;k fd og QeZ }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,aM cznlZ dh
otk, jes'k dh dEiuh jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ dks ekfyd eku ys rks mUgs
vkSj ijs'kku ugha fd;k tk,xkA vkSj blds cnys esa fo'kEHkj tcyiqj
vkSj mlds vklikl ds {ks=ksa esa izdk'ku dk vfèkdkj yht vkSj yk;lsal
ds vkèkkj ij jes'k ls ys ysA
fo'kaHkj vxzoky ds eu esa jes'k pUnz vxzoky us [kkSQ iSnk dj
fn;k FkkA
mldks yxk fd jes'kpanz vxzoky dgha mlds gd dks Hkh
iwjk&iwjk u Nhu ys tSlk fd vius firk ds gd dks NhukA blfy, ml
dfyuk;d ds lkFk feydj jgus esa gh HkykbZ gSA de ls de oknksa]
izfroknksa] eqdneksa ls rks eqfDr feysxhA
dfyuk;d
77

fo'kEHkj vxzoky us jes'k ds lkeus gfFk;kj Mky fn, FksA viuh
gkj eku yh FkhA ikfjokfjd eksg esa vkSj vkf[kj dc rd yMa+s\ ;g
lkspdj foo'k gksdj fo'kEHkj vkSj egs'k us jes'k ls le>kSrk dj
fy;kA ysfdu %&

jes'k dh 'krks± ij gqvk le>kSrk
;g le>kSrk bl izdkj Fkk fd ge ekurs gSa fd%&
QeZ esllZ }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,aM cznlZ ds }kjk nSfud
HkkLdj VkbVy jes'k pUnz vxzoky dh futh dEiuh jkbVlZ ,.M ifCy'klZ
izk-fy- dks csp fn;k x;k gSA rFkk%&
vU; nks ikVZujksa esa ls ,d fo'kEHkj us nSfud HkkLdj dk VkbVy
jkbVlZ ,.M ifCy'klZ izk-fy- ls yht ij ys fy;k gSA
egs'k dks dsoy mRrj izns'k ls nSfud HkkLdj izdkf'kr djus
dk vfèkdkj fn;k x;k] tgkaW nSfud HkkLdj dk ukeksfu'kku Hkh ckdh ugha
gSA ;kuh egs'k dkdk dks [ksrh ds fy, catj tehu ns nhAA
,sls gqbZ jes'k dh ikS&ckjg&

le>kSrs dh vkM+ esa dkVk >kM+
le>kSrs ds ckn tks fo'kEHkj QeZ esa 30 izfr'kr ds gdnkj Fks]
vc mUgksaus tcyiqj] jhok vkfn NksVk lk fgLlk ysdj larks"k dj fy;kA
egs'k dkdk dks dsoy mRrj izns'k ls nSfud HkkLdj izdkf'kr
djus dk vfèkdkj fn;k x;kA egs'k dkdk dks [ksrh ds fy, catj tehu
nsdj eykbZnkj laLdj.k jes'k us vius gkFk esa j[k fy,A
bl le>kSrs ds vkèkkj ij gkbZdksVZ tcyiqj us fo'kEHkj ds }kjk
nk;j izdj.k dk fujkdj.k 29 twu 1992 dks dj fn;kA

fo'kEHkj *ekfyd* ls *yht gksYMj* cuk
78

vkt Hkh fo'kEHkj ds cPps nSfud HkkLdj dks ekfyd ugha]
iêsnkj (yht gksYMj) tSlh ckSuh gSfl;r ls pyk jgs gSaA dy ds ekfyd
vkt fdjk,nkj gks x,A
ckotwn blds fd]
(1) muds firk fo'kEHkj us vius cM+s HkkbZ }kjdk izlkn ds lkFk daèks
ls daèkk feykdj HkkLdj dh uhao j[kh FkhA
(2) tcyiqj vkSj jk;iqj ls jes'k us nSfud HkkLdj dh otk, uo
HkkLdj 'kq# fd;k Fkk D;ksafd mlds ikl tcyiqj vkSj jk;iqj ls nSfud
HkkLdj ds izdk'ku ds vfèkdkj ugha FksA
bl le>kSrs ds ifj.kke Lo:i vkt jes'k iwjs ns'k esa QSyrk tk jgk gSA

fo'kEHkj&iq=ksa dks fn;k Fkk èkks[kk
,d jkT; esa ,d uke ds v[kckj ds ,d ls vfèkd ekfyd ugha gks ldrs]
bl etcwjh dks fn[kkdj jes'k uss fo'kEHkj&iq=ksa dks le>kSrk djus ds fy, etcwj
dj fn;kA fo'kEHkj&iq= ;s ugha ns[k ik, fd vkt Hkh eè;izn's k ds Xokfy;j ls
lapkfyr dEiuh& HkkLdj ifCyds'ku ,aM ,ykbM baMLVªht] vkj-,u- vkbZ ds
fjdkMZ esa nSfud HkkLdj dh ekfyd gSA
fo'kEHkj&iq= jes'k dks ugha le> ik,]mUgksaus vius ikao esa
jes'k dh tathj Myck yhA njvly] QeZ dk vfèkdkj lekIr djus ds
fy, gh ,slk fd;k x;kA ftldk fo'kEHkj jes'k ls cM+k ikVZuj FkkA
bl ?kVuk ls geus lh[kk%&

lQyrk dk ,d vkSj dfy;qxh QaMk
fo'kEHkj dks ;s Lora=rk (iêsnkjh) fdlfy,\ blfy, fd cnys esa fo'kEHkj
ds cPps jes'k dh bPNk iwjh djus ds fy, dke djsAa dkSu lh bPNk\
;gh fd fo'kEHkj ds cPps viuh lq[k&le`f¼ ds fy, ges'kk jes'k ij
fuHkZj jgaAs fuHkZj jgsxa ]s rc rd mudks jes'k dh t:jr gksxh] rc rd gh

dfyuk;d

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vuqdy
w rk] lEeku vkSj f'k"Vrk gksxhA ,slk gh dgk x;k gS fd&**I;kl cq>krs
gh vkneh rRdky viuh ihB dq,aW dh rjQ dj ysrk gSA** lcdks nckdj &
pkpkvksa dks FkksMk+ lk vfèkdkj nsdj] eqgaW ij iV~Vh ckWèa kdj viuk lkezkT;
LFkkfir fd;k tk ldrk gSA ;g Fkk loZJ"s B èkks[kkA fo'EHkj dks nqfoèkk ds lhaxksa
ij fcBk fn;kA os tc] ftèkj eqMxas+ ]s mUgs ?kk;y gksuk gh gSA
blls vc ykSfdd lQyrk dk jes'kh QaMk ;s gkFk vk;k fd& **fojksfèk;ksa
dks FkksM+h NwV nsdj] mUgsa vius gkFk dh dBiqryh cukvksA**

jk;iqj QthZokM+k
;g lu~ 1988 dh ckr gSA tcyiqj esa vius gkFk&iSj ekjus ds
lkFk&lkFk jes'k us jk;iqj esa nSfud HkkLdj dk ,d u;k laLdj.k 'kq:
djus ds fy, fMfLVªDV eftLVªVs ds lkeus ?kks"k.kk i= is'k fd;k FkkA
vius pkpk fo'kEHkj dk dke yxkus ds fy, jes'k&iq= lqèkhj us Mh,e- ds le{k ?kks"k.kk i= nkf[ky fd;kA

jk;iqj ls jes'k dk uo HkkLdj
v[kckj dk uke j[kk& **uo HkkLdj**A nSfud HkkLdj ls
feyrk&tqyrk uke j[kus dk mn~ns'; nSfud HkkLdj dh yksdfiz;rk dk
ykHk mBkdj fo'kEHkj ds nSfud HkkLdj dks uqdlku igqWapkuk FkkA ysfdu
Mh-,e- jk;iqj us mldk fMDys;js'ku [kkfjt dj fn;kA
bl fookn dk var Hkh 29 twu 1992 ds le>kSrs ds ckn gks x;kA
le>kSrk rks gks x;kA ysfdu%&

le>kSrk Fkk xSjdkuwuh
jes'k dksbZ djkj djs vkSj og dkuwuh gks] ,slk rks gks gh ugha
ldrkA jes'k ls dkuwuh djkj djus dh vis{kk j[kuk\ ;g rks ogh ckr
gqbZ fd dksbZ fgtM+s ls vkSykn dh reUuk djsA vxys vè;k; esa vki i<a+xs s
fd lqizhe dksVZ us 29 twu 1992 ds djkj dks jí dj fn;kA
80

dk LokfeRo jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ fy- dks gLrkarfjr gks x;kA ysfdu
og Fkk %&
QthZ (xSjdkuwuh) djkj%&

ikaWpok vè;k;

,xzhesUV ugha] pkj lkS chlh

QthZokM+s dk tekoM+k

njvly ;g le>kSrk 29 twu 1992 dks nSfud HkkLdj ds lEifÙk
fookn esa 'kkfey jgs i{kksa ds chp gqvk Fkk] ftlesa nSfud HkkLdj ds
laLFkkid }kjdk izlkn vxzoky dks 'kkfey ugha fd;k x;k FkkA }kjdk
izlkn us ml djkjukes ij gLrk{kj ugha fd;s FksA blfy, tkfgj rkSj ij
og lHkh i{kksa ds chp ijLij lgefriwod
Z le>kSrk ugha FkkA

[;kyh iqyko x<+
dj] dYiuk ls---- fudyk Fkk
QthZokM+kA ekeyk QthZ Fkk] blfy,
lc dq N QthZ FkkA vkxs Hkh QthZ Fkk] vkS j
ihNs Hkh] QthZ FkkA QthZ ds vykok] vkSj dqN
ugha FkkA QthZ ds flok; tks Fkk] og Hkh fnekx ls
mitk--- udyh flDdks a ls [kjhnk QthZ flDdk FkkA
blfy, vkf[kjdkj mlus dg gh fn;k fd] ,d
ckj eSaus QthZ nLrkost cukuk 'kq: dj fn,]
rks fQj] eSa vius cki dh Hkh ugha lqurk]
rks fQj rqe----- fdl [ksr dh ewyh
gks\ rqe eq>s tjk--- ;s rks
crykvks\

bdrjQk le>kSrk
lqizhe dksVZ us dgk&
gkbZdksVZ esa ;kfpdk nk;j djus ds nkSjku 29 twu 1992 dks
fo'kEHkj vkSj mlds iq=] jes'k] egs'k vkSj mlds iq=ksa us ;d&c&;d ,d
lsVyesaV MhM ,DthD;wV dhA bl lsVyesaV MhM ls ;|fi }kjdk dk
ikVZuj ds :i esa vfèkdkj lhèks&lhèks izHkkfor gksrk Fkk rks Hkh u rks
}kjdk ml lsVyesUV MhM esa i{kdkj (ikVhZ) Fkk vkSj u gh mlus ml MhM
ij gLrk{kj fd;s FksA ;g le>kSrk bdrjQk FkkA ysfdu fQj Hkh yxh
QthZ djkj dh djkjh ekj&

vki vc rd i<+ pqds gSa fd
lc fooknksa ds ?ku?kksj >a>kokr ds pyrs tks izdk'kd nSfud HkkLdj
dk izdk'ku dj jgs Fks] mUk ,d gh ifjokj ds fpYyj izdk'kdksa uss
lu1992 esa tcyiqj gkbZdksVZ esa }kjdkizlkn ds HkkbZ fo'kEHkj }kjk
nk;j eqdnes dks yM+r&s yM+rs ,d Lofgrdkjh le>kSrk dj fy;k FkkA
blds ckn Lo- }kjdkizlkn vxzoky dks lwfpr fd;s cxSj jes'k pUnz
vxzoky ds }kjk }kjdkizlkn vxzoky ds HkkbZ fo'kaHkj n;ky vxzoky ds
lkFk mPp U;k;ky;] tcyiqj ds le{k le>kSrk nk;j fd;k x;k vkSj
bl iz d kj ,d rjQk le>kS r s ds }kjk nS f ud HkkLdj VkbVy

dfyuk;d

81

fcuk lgefr ds canjckWaV dk [ksy
jes'k ds }kjk cuk, x,13 ekpZ 1985 ds QthZ ,xzhesUV vkSj13
vizSy1985 dh QthZ ikVhZ'ku MhM ds vkèkkj ij }kjdk ds fgLls dh
lEifÙk fcuk mlds gLrk{kj fd, vkSj fcuk mlls iwNs jsoM+h dh rjg
ckaWVh tk jgh Fkh vFkkZr~ QeZ vkfn esa }kjdk ds okftc fgLls dh
ca n jckV fcuk mldh lgefr ds gks jgh FkhA QeZ dk nSfud HkkLdj
VkbVy vfèkdkj fcuk QeZ esa pkj esa ls ,d ekfyd ;kuh }kjdk dh
82

lgefr ls ckaVk tk jgk FkkA og Hkh fdlh yksd&ykt dh ijokg fd,
fcukA }kjdk us vius iq= jes'kpUnz vxzoky dks vius èkaèks dk fgLlk
cukdj tks xyrh dh mldk ifj.kke vc feykA Hkz"Vohjksa dk deky&

bl le>kSrs ds rgr izkiVhZ dk LFkkukarj.k fcuk jftLVªh djk;s gq,
fd;k x;kA tks fd bafM;u jftLVªs'ku ,DV ds f[kykQ FkkA
tgkaW feyk ekSdk] jes'k us èkks[kkèkM+h dhA LokFkksZa dh [kkfrj jes'k
us U;k; ds eafnj dks Hkh ugha c['kkA vkSj fQj%&

esa fopkjkèkhu gaS] mu lc ij vafre le>kSrk dj fy;k gSA blds
lkFk gh reke fookn vizklafxd gks x, gSaA
bl vkèkkj ij ;kfpdk dk iVk{ksi (fujkdj.k) mDr ,xzhesUV
dh 'krks± ds vuq:i] mudh jks'kuh esa dj fn;s tkus dh izkFkZuk gkbZdksVZ
ls dh xbZA
vkxs vki tkusaxs fd dkuwuu ,slk ,xzhesUV dksVZ ds }kjk
Lohdkj gh ugha fd;k tk ldrk FkkA ysfdu fQj Hkh dksVZ us xqejkg
gksdj ,slk fd;kA
Mh-ih-vxzoky ,aM cznlZ ds pkj esa ls rhu Hkkxhnkjksa ds }kjk fd;s x;s
,xzhesaV dks dksVZ ds }kjk vius vkns'k esa ntZ (fjdkWMZ) djok dj mlds
vkèkkj ij ;kfpdk ds fujkdj.k dk vkns'k ikfjr djokuk dqN vkSj
ugha] dsoy dksVZ ds vanj lk>snkjksa }kjk dh xbZ èkks[kkèkM+h FkhA

mPp U;k;ky; esa gqbZ mPpre èkks[kkèkM+h

gkbZdksVZ dk voSèk QSlyk

gkbZdksVZ tcyiqj esa fo'kEHkj ds }kjk nk;j fjV ;kfpdk dk
fujkdj.k 29 twu 1992 ds QthZ djkjukes ds vuqlkj djus dk
vkosnu i= ;kfpdkdrkZ ds }kjk fn;k x;kA fuf'pr :i ls mijksDr
djkjukes esa }kjdk izlkn ds gLrk{kj ugha FksA
cM+s gh ukVdh; rjhds ls vius izkFkZuk i= ds lkFk ml ,xzhesUV
dks gkbZdksVZ esa izLrqr fd;k x;kA lqfu;ksftr rjhds ls ml QthZ ,xzhesUV
dks gkbZdksVZ esa is'k djus ds Mªkes dk eq[; dykdkj Fkk jes'kpUnz
vxzokyA gkbZdksVZ esa&

i{kdkjksa ds }kjk gkbZdksVZ ds lkeus cksyk x;k ;g >wBk LVsVesUV
gkbZdksVZ us Lohdkj dj fy;k vkSj ;kfpdk dks 29 twu 1992 ds
le>kSrs ds vuq:i fujkd`r dj fn;kA tcyiqj gkbZdksVZ us bl le>kSrs
dks dkuwuh ekU;rk ns nh FkhA eè;izn's k gkbZdksVZ ds }kjk le>kSrs ij
viuh eatjw h dh eksgj yxk nsus ls jes'k dh eqjkn iwjh gks xbZA
1- ml le>kSrs ds ekè;e ls os vizR;{k :i ls og mn~ns';
iwjk djuk pkgrs Fks tks fd izR;{k :i ls dkuwu ds }kjk iwjk fd;k
tkuk laHko gh ugha FkkA dkSu lk vizR;{k mnns';\
}kjdk izlkn vxzoky dks QeZ ds ikVZuj ds :i esa tks dkuwuh
vfèkdkj izkIr gq, Fks] os fcuk mldh lgefr ds vFkok dkuwu ds nk;js
esa jgs fcuk] dkuwu ds nk;js ls ckgj vkdj ml le>kSrs ds ekè;e ls
mlds rhu vU; ikVZujksa us mlls Nhu fy;sA jes'koknh ikVZujksa us cM+h

,xzhesUV&,xzhesUV [ksyk
,xzhesUV ;kfu QeZ dk [kkRekA ml ,xzhesUV ls QeZ ,d izdkj ls
[kRe gks xbZ Fkh] ftldk fd }kjdk izlkn ikVZuj FkkA ekuks }kjdk dh

dksbZ vgfe;r gh ughaA

jftLVªs'ku ,DV dh ljsvke èkfTt;kWa mM+k;h

cksyk >wB
}kjdk dks NksM+dj ifjokj ds ckdh i{kdkjksa ds }kjk gkbZdksVZ
ds lkeus ;g >wB cksyk x;k fd ;kfpdkdrkZ vkSj izfroknhx.kksa us fookn
ds fcUnqvksa vkSj mlls tqM+s lHkh fcUnqvksa ij tks fd fofHkUu dksVks±

dfyuk;d

83

84

vklkuh ls }kjdk ds vfèkdkj >Vd fy;s FksA ;s Fkk& jke&jke tiuk]
ijk;k eky viukA mudk ;s vijkèk gkbZdksVZ dh vkWa[kksa ls pwd x;kA
fu;e dgrk gS] ;fn pkj Hkkxhnkj gSa rks pkjksa dh gh lgefr ls
gLrk{kj vkfn gksuk pkfg, ysfdu ;gkWa deky rks nsf[k,A dekyksa dk
deky ;s Fkk fd i{kdkjksa ds }kjk cksyk x;k ;s lQsn >wB okyk] dkyk
LVsVesUV ckdk;nk gkbZdksVZ ds }kjk Lohdkjk x;kA
gkbZdksVZ ds }kjk le>kSrs dks oSèkrk dk dkuwuh tkek iguok fn;k x;kA
2- ;g Well Setteled gS fd izkWiVhZ vFkok VkbVy lacaèkh fookn ds
fujkdj.k ds fy;s gkbZdksVZ esa fjV ;kfpdk nk;j ugha dh tk ldrhA
mldk fujkdj.k dsoy flfoy lwV ds ekè;e ls fd;k tk ldrk FkkA
ysfdu fjV ;kfpdk ds tfj, futh fookn dk lekèkku fd;k x;kA
dSls jes'kpUnz ,.M daiuh us mPp U;k;ky; dks xPpk fn;kA jes'k dks
jkgr nsus ds ekeys esa gkbZdksVZ esa peRdkj gks x;kA vc }kjdk dh vksj
ls lgefr uked fiaM ls jes'k dks NqVdkjk fey x;k FkkA
;g Fkh dkuwu dh nqfu;k dh vViVh bckjr] tks jes'k ds fy,
fy[kh xbZ FkhA
U;kf;d izfØ;k ds nq#i;ksx dk igyk nq"ifj.kke

vkj-,u-vkbZ us fd;k fjdkWMZ esa cnyko
vkj-,u-vkbZ- ds lkFk jes'k ds vPNs rkYyqdkr igys ls FksA
ysfdu vc gkbZdksVZ esa dkuwu dks Vksih igukus ds ckn jes'k vkj-,uvkbZ- ds vkSj djhc vk x;kA
jftLVªkj vkWQ U;wt isij QkWj bf.M;k ds }kjk gkbZdksVZ ds
QSlys dk ikyu djus gsrq gkbZdksVZ ds }kjk bl QthZ le>ksrs dks nh
xbZ dkuwuh ekU;rk ds vkèkkj ij dk;Zokgh dhA
ekfydkuk gd esa Qsjcny& bl egk&le>kSrs ds vuq:i
jftLVªkj vkWQ U;wt isilZ us 3 flrEcj 1992 dks nSfud HkkLdj

dfyuk;d

85

VkbVy dk ekfyd Mh-ih-vxzoky ,aM cznlZ ls cny dj eS l lZ
jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ dj fn;kA
Qyr% nSfud HkkLdj dk ekfydkuk gd jkbVlZ ,.M ifCy'klZ
fyfeVsM ds uke ij VªkalQj dj mls nSfud HkkLdj dk Lokeh djkj
ns fn;k FkkA vkSj&
bl izdkj T;wfMf'k;y izkl
s l
s ds nq#i;ksx ds ifj.kkeLo:i
vkj-,u-vkbZ- ds }kjk QeZ ds LFkku ij jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ dks ekfyd
n'kkZ fn;k x;kA ;s Fkh djkj dh djkjh ekjA
U;kf;d izfØ;k ds nq#i;ksx dk nwljk nq"ifj.kke

vlyh ekfyd dk irk ugha py ik;k
bl ckjs esa lqizhe dksVZ us dgk%&
izfroknh jes'k ,oa fo'kEHkj ds }kjk gkbZdksVZ ds QSlys dk lgkjk
ysrs gq, ftyk vnkyrksa esa nk;j flfoy lwV okfil ys fy;s x,A bu

flfoy lwVksa esa ,xzhesaV dh lR;rk dk ijh{k.k fd;k tkuk
vko';d FkkA
}kjdk] jes'k] fo'kEHkj vkSj egs'k] bu pkjksa i{kksa ds chp esa
jkbVlZ ,oa ifCy'klZ izkbosV fyfeVsM ds i{k esa dh xbZ VªkalQj MhM ,oa
ikVhZ'ku (QSfeyh lsVyesaV) ds lacaèk esa fofHkUu flfoy eqdnes l{ke
U;k;ky; esa fopkjkèkhu FksA
jes'kpUnz us 13 ekpZ 1985 dks dqN MkD;weasV lsy ,xzhesUV]
ikVhZ'ku (QSfeyh 'ksVyesaV MhM) cuk,] ftudh izekf.kdrk fooknxzLr gS
vkSj ;g ekeyk ftyk U;k;ky; Hkksiky ds lwV ua- 57A@88 esa fopkjkèkhu
gSA dksVZ ds 'kCnksa esa&
**Certain documents were allegedly created on 13 March,
1985 by Ramesh Chandra Agrawal for the said purpose, one of
86

them, being an Agreement of Sale alleged to have been entered

Bishambhar Dayal Agrawal, Mahesh Prasad Agrawal and

dHkh ugha gks ik;sxkA ;kfu tgkWa dgha Hkh QWalus dh xqatkb'k Fkh] ogkWa ij
jes'k vxzoky us gksf'k;kjh ls dke ysrs gq;s os lkjs eqdnes lesV fy;sA
vxj tc dHkh bu eqdneksa dk QSlyk vkrk rks oks curk jes'kpUnz ds
xys dh QkalA bu flfoy eqdneksa esa vafre fujkdj.k dh fLFkfr esa jes'k
viuk ,dek= ekfydkuk gd [kksdj tsy dh pDdh ihlrkA
U;k;kf;d izfØ;k ds nq#i;ksx dk rhljk nq"ifj.kke
QeZ vkfn esa }kjdk ds fgLls dh lEifÙk vkSj nSfud HkkLdj VkbVy
vfèkdkj jes'k ds }kjk cuk, x,13 ekpZ 1985 ds QthZ ,xzhesUV
vkSj13 vizSy1985 dh QthZ ikVhZ'ku MhM ds vkèkkj ij fcuk mlds
gLrk{kj fd, vkSj fcuk mlls iwNs jsoM+h dh rjg ckaWVh tk jgh FkhA

Ramesh chandra Agrwal. Acording to the Appellant, Dwarka

vkf[kjh mEehn lqizhe dksVZ ls----

by and between the Firm and a company called M/s. Writers &
Publishers Pvt. Ltd, the genuineness or otherwise of which
was the subject matter of a suit being suit no. 57 A of 1988.
Another documents also come to be executed on the same
day, the genuiness whereof was also disputed, is an allesed
deed of partition/family settelment of H.U.F., in terms whereof
the firm's assets, several other properties, fixed deposits, money
and bussiness including those situated at Bombay, Delhi, Raipur,
Indore were divided between Dwarka Prasad Agrawal,

Prasad Agrawal never signed the said deed of partition/

n. - 57 A of 1988 pending In the court of District Judge

Li"V gS fd og Nyiw.kZ le>kSrk vkSj mldh cqfu;kn ij ikfjr
gkbZdksVZ dk vkns'k iw.kZr% voSèk FkkA
fnungkM+s viuksa ls gh yqV pqds }kjdk] mudh iRuh fd'kksjh vkSj csVh
gseyrk us lnes dh fLFkfr esa lqizhe dksVZ dk jkLrk vf[r;kj fd;kA
blfy, mls%&

Bhopal. several other suits were filed by the parties at several

lqizhe dksVZ esa nh pqukSrh

family settlement nor was it acted upon and in fact was
questioned as forged and non - existent by Bishambhar
Dayal Agrawal in a proceeding before District Magistrate,
Jabalpur and the same was also the subject matter of suit

places viz. Jabalpur, Bhopal, Raipur, Gwalior, etc.

mPp U;k;ky; ls voSèk QSlys dh xaxk D;k cghA jes'k pUnz
vkSj ckdh lkjs ikfi;ksa uss mlesa th Hkj ds Mqcfd;ka yxkdj tue&tue
ds iki èkks fy,A

D;ksa ugha fd;k ,xzhesUV dh lR;rk dk ijh{k.k\
bl jes'kh ek;k ds ihNs Hkh èkwrZrk dh Nk;k\
njvly jes'k bl ckr dks csgn ckjhdh ls tkurk o le>rk Fkk
fd bu ekeyksa esa }kjdk izlkn dh iw.kZ lgefr vfuok;Z gSA ysfdu ,slk

dfyuk;d

87

mDr le>kSrs dks QeZ eSllZ }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,aM cznlZ ds drkZ
}kjdk izlkn vxzoky dh fcuk tkudkjh ds o fcuk mudh vuqefr dss
fd;k x;k FkkA bl dkj.k }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ds }kjk bl lEcUèk esa
lu~ 1993 esa gh okn mPpre U;k;ky; fnYyh esa nk;j fd, x,A
ftudk uEcj fjV ;kfpdk (flfoy) ua- & 527@93] flfoy vihy ua4782@96vkSj 4783@96 FkkA
}kjdk us balkQ ds fy;s iwjk thou gh xqtkj fn;kA ,d yacs vjls
rd dkuwuh tax yM+rs&yM+rs }kjdk izlkn ftanxh dh tax gkj x;s vkSj
88

lqizhedksVZ ds QSlys dk bartkj djrs&djrs Hkxoku dh dksVZ esa igqWap
x;sA vc&

}kjdk ugha ekWaxs balkQ
Fkkyh gh vxj [kkus dks [kkys rks D;k gksxk\ vtZ fd;k gS&
U;k;ky; us] U;k; dks [kk;k]
}kjdk ds gkFk] vU;k; vk;kA
tc okn ds nkSjku nqHkkZX;o'k }kjdk izlkn vxzoky dh e`R;q gks xbZ
rks blls dksVZ ds lkeus mB [kM+k gqvk ;g loky%&

}kjdk ds LFkku ij fdldk uke Mkyk tk,
dksVZ us }kjdk izlkn ds LFkku ij mudh igyh iRuh dLrwjh nsoh
dk uke ugha MkykA
}kjdk izlkn dh e`R;q ds ckn ls ;g ckr mB [kM+h gqbZ fd }kjdk
ds LFkku ij fdls [kM+k djuk pkfg,A }kjdk dh txg dkSu ys & igyh
;k nwljh chohA pwWafd fd'kksjh nsoh vkSj mudh iqf=;kWa vafre lkWal rd
}kjdk ds lkFk FkhaA dksVZ us }kjdk dh vksj ls i{k j[kus vkSj eqdnek
yM+us ds fy, }kjdk dh nwljh iRuh fd'kksjh nsoh vkSj mudh iqf=;ksa dk
uke dksVZ ds fjdkWMZ esa lfEefyr djus dk vkns'k tkjh fd;kA
dksVZ us dgk& jes'k us dksVZ esa gyQukek nk;j dj }kjdk ds
LFkku ij fd'kksjh dk uke bl vkèkkj ij u j[kus dh izkFkZuk dh fd
fd'kksjh nsoh }kjdk dh iRuh ugha j[kSy (concubine) gS ] blfy,
vc gesa ;g dgus esa dksbZ xqjt
s (gsftVs'ku) ugha gS fd geus LoxhZ;
}kjdk izlkn ds LFkku ij fd'kksjh nsoh dk uke j[kdj fcYdqy Bhd
fd;kA rks ;g Fkk lqizhe dksVZ dk uSlfxZd U;k;A blls }kjdk ds
mÙkjkfèkdkjh gksus dh eksgj fd'kksjh nsoh ds uke ij yx xbZA
,d csVs us vius firk dks lM+d ij ykdj [kM+k dj fn;k FkkA
dfyuk;d
89

os rks U;k; dk bartkj djrs&djrs ej x,A LoxhZ; }kjdk dh vksj lss
mudh iRuh Jherh fd'kksjh nsoh o iq=h gseyrk vkSj vuqjkèkk vxzoky
us lqizhe dksVZ esa nk;j eqdnek yM+kA

dLrwjh cuh xkaèkkjh
dy;qxh xkaèkkjh dLrwjh nsoh us iq=eksg ls xzflr gksdj vius ifr
ds f[kykQ csoQkbZ dh dkyh iV~Vh ckWèa khA dLrwjh nsoh us lqihz edksVZ esa vius
ifr dk fd;k fojksèkA muds odhy us lqihz edksVZ dks crk;k fd ifr }kjdk
ds }kjk nk;j ;kfpdk fopkj djus ;ksX; (esUVusoy
s ) ugha gSA
dLrwjh nsoh ds odhy us dgk fd }kjdk izlkn ds }kjk dgha
ij Hkh ml le>kSrs ds f[kykQ dksbZ dkuwuh dk;Zokgh ugha dhA ;g Fkh
dLrwjh---- iq=&eksg esa vius ifr ds f[kykQ [kM+hA

vkSj vk;k THE JUDGEMENT DAY
7 tqykbZ 2003 dks lqizhe dksVZ us nSfud HkkLdj ds LokfeRo ij
py jgs fookn esa vR;Ur egRoiw.kZ QSlyk fn;kA blls nSfud HkkLdj ds
LokfeRo ds fookn esa u;k eksM+ vk x;k] ysfdu fdrus le; ckn\ nl
o"kZ cknA dc ls yM+kbZ py jgh gS\ 1993 lsA cgjgky] nsj vk,
nq#Lr vk,A

lqizhe dksVZ us vU;k; dks U;k; esa cnyk
fgUnh lekpkj&i= nSfud&HkkLdj* ds uke vkSj LokfeRo dks
ysdj nks n'kd ls Hkh yacs pys vk jgs U;kf;d fookn dk loksZPp
U;k;ky; us viuk QSlyk lqukdj iVk{ksi dj fn;kA
7 tqykbZ 2003 dks lqizhe dksVZ ds phQ tfLVl Ogh-,u-[kjs]
U;k;kèkh'k ,l-oh-flUgk vkSj U;k;kèkh'k ,-vkj-y{e.k dh ihB us ;g
QSlyk }kjdk izlkn vxzoky (Lo-) o vU; }kjk 1996 esa nk;j
;kfpdk ij fn;kA
90

dgrs gSa&
lcs lgk;d lcy ds] fucZy u dksÅ lgk;
ysfdu bl feFkd dks mPpre U;k;ky; us xyr lkfcr dj fn[kk;kA
vius ikfjr vkns'k eas lqizhe dksVZ us lcls igys%&

gkbZdksVZ dks nh lh[k
lqizhe dksVZ us gkbZdksVZ dh xyrh crkus gsrq dgk%&
1- foosdghurk dk QSlyk& gkbZdksVZ dks vius foosd dk bLrseky
djuk pkfg, Fkk fd dSls ifCyd ykW jseMs h esa le>kSrs dks fjdkMZ dj
;kfpdk dk fUkjkdj.k fd;k tk ldrk gSA gkbZdksVZ dk 29 twu 1992
dk vkns'k lkQrkSj ij gkbZdksVZ ds }kjk iwjh rjg foosd dk mi;ksx ugha
djus dh fLFkfr dks iznf'kZr djrk gSA
2- gkbZdksVZ ekeys dh rg esa ugha x;k
x;k] ;g crkus gsrq lqizhe dksVZ
us vkxs dgk&
cgqr lkjs egRoiw.kZ fcanqvksa ds fujkdj.k gkbZdksVZ ds }kjk fd, tkus
pkfg, FksA ysfdu gkbZdksVZ us 'kkVZdV fy;k vkSj dgk fd og le>kSrk
}kjdk izlkn ds Åij ykxw ugha gksrkA
3- dkuwu gqvk xqejkg& }kjdk ds ekeys esa dkuwu HkVd x;k Fkk
Fkk]
bldk [kqyklk djus ds fy, lqizhe dksVZ us dgk%&
4- xSjdkuwuh QSlyk& gkbZdksVZ dks }kjdk ds }kjk izLRkqr iquZfopkj
;kfpdk (fjO;w ,Iyhds'ku) dk fujkdj.k djrs le; fopkj djuk pkfg,
Fkk fd& vkosnd ds }kjk fn;s x;s vkèkkjksa ij D;k le>kSrk xSj dkuwuh
gSA ysfdu fcuk foosd dk mi;ksx djrs gq, gkbZdksVZ us ;g fuèkkZfjr
fd;k fd le>kSrk dkuwuh FkkA ;g dkuwu dk xyr fn'kk esa tkuk ekuk
tk;sxkA
dkuwu dk è;ku j[ks fcuk gh fd;k QSlyk
yk] bl ckr dks crkus
dfyuk;d
91

ds fy, lqizhe dksVZ us vkxs dgk%&
;kfpdk dk fujkdj.k djrs le; gkbZdksVZ us izsl ,oa jftLVªs'ku
vkWQ cqd ,DV ij è;ku ugha fn;k
fn;kA
lqizhe dksVZ us jes'k vkfn i{kksa ds bl >wB dh iksy iV~Vh
[kksyus gsrq dgk%&
gkbZdksVZ us bl ij Hkh è;ku ugha fn;k fd pkj ikVZuj esa ls rhu
ds chp le>kSrk fdlh Hkh fLFkfr esa lkjs fooknksa ds fujkdj.k ds :i
esa ugha ns[kk tk ldrk vkSj blfy;s ,slk le>kSrk fjdkWMZ ij Hkh ugha
fy;k tk ldrkA
4- gkbZdksVZ tkus viuk vfèkdkj {ks=& lqizhe dksVZ us gkbZdksVZ ds
vfèkdkj {ks= dh O;k[;k djus gsrq vkxs dgk&
gkbZdksVZ dks dsoy bruk vfèkdkj Fkk fd og ;k rks ;kfpdkdrkZ
dks ;kfpdk okfil ysus dh vuqefr nsrk vFkok ;kfpdk dks vkSfpR;ghu
ekurs gq, [kkfjt dj nsrkA
gkbZ d ks V Z es a fopkjkèkhu ;kfpdk dk nk;jk ds o y
vfHkizekf.kdj.k vkns'k rd lhfer FkkA
dksM vkWQ flfoy izkl
s htj dh èkkjk 141 ds vuqlkj fjV
;kfpdkvksa esa ;g izksohtu ykxw ugha gksrs] blfy, le>kSrs dks lkekU;
:i ls dksVZ ds vkns'k esa fjdkWMZ djus dh vuqefr ugha nh tk
ldrhA
Øe.k dj fy;k] ;g
gkbZdksVZ us vius vfèkdkj {ks= dk vfr
vfrØe.k
crkus gsrq lqihz e dksVZ us vkxs dgk&
gkbZdksVZ viuk vfèkdkj {ks= ;g vkns'k nsrs gq, ugha c<+k ldrk fd
fofHkUu U;k;ky;ksa esa fopkjkèkhu flfoy lwV ;k vU; U;k;ky;hu izfØ;k
Hkh bl le>kSrs ds rgr ekuh tk;saxhA
92

bl izdkj gkbZdksVZ vizR;{k :i ls flfoy dksVZ ds vfèkdkj {ks=
esa igqWap x;k tks fd og izR;{k :i ls ugha igqWap ldrk FkkA
mPpre U;k;ky; us vius QSlys esa dgk fd gkbZdksVZ us le>kSrs dks
lEifÙk fookn lEcUèkh ;kfpdk dk fujkdj.k djus esa vkèkkj ekudj
vius U;k; {ks= dk mYya?ku fd;k gSA
lqizhe dksVZ us gkbZdksVZ ds QSlys ds nq"ifj.kke dks crkus gsrq
vkxs dgk%&
le>kSrs dks gkbZdksVZ ds vkns'k esa fjdkMZ dj mlds vuqlkj ;kfpdk
dk fujkdj.k gksus dk ifj.kke cgqr [kjkc (Tell-Tale) FkkA
xyrh crkbZ] fQj Hkh ugha lqèkkjh
kkjh] ;g crkus ds fy, lqizhe
dksVZ us vkxs dgk%&
29 twu 1992 ds vkns'k esa le>kSrs dh fjdkWfM±x ds vkns'k dk
ifj.kke gkbZdksVZ ds è;ku esa yk;k x;k ysfdu gkbZdksVZ vius }kjk dh
xbZ xyrh dks lqèkkjus esa vlQy gks x;kA
gkbZdksVZ dk vkns'k mlds }kjk foosd dk lgh&lgh mi;ksx ugha dj
ikus dh ifjf.krh gSA

izlaxo'k
iwjs lalkj dks vU;k; ls cpkus okyksa ds }kjk fd, x, vU;k;
dk n.M mUgsa dkSu nsxk\ iwjs lalkj dks nf.Mr djrs pyus okyksa ds
fy,] [kqn dh xyrh dk dksbZ n.M fuèkkZfjr ugha] ;s gekjh dSlh
U;k; O;oLFkk gS\ euq Le`fr dgrh gS&

U;k;kèkh'kksa dks vU;k; djus ij n.M
vekR;k% izkM~fookdks ok ;Rdq;qZ% dk;ZeU;FkkA
rRLo;a u`ifr% dq;kZÙkkUlgL=a p n.M;sr~A (euq Le`fr)
(vekR;k% ok izkM~fookd%) eU=h vFkok U;k;kèkh'k (;r~ dk;Ze~ vU;Fkk

dfyuk;d

93

dq;%Zq ) ftl eqdíes ds fu.kZ; dks xyr ;k vU;k;iwoZd dj nsa rks
'kkld nks dke djs &
,d& (rr~) ml eqdíes ds fu.kZ; dks (u`ifr%) jktk (Lo;a dq;kZr)~
Lo;a dj
djss (p) vkSj--nks& (rku~) vU;k;iwoZd fu.kZ; djus okys mu vfèkdkfj;ksa dks
(lgL=a n.M;sr)~ ,d gtkj i.k (èku) n.M ls nf.Mr djsA
blds ckn&

lq i z h e dksVZ us nh ftyk U;k;ky; dks lh[k
mijksDr fu.kZ; ds vkèkkj ij jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ vkSj jes'k
ds }kjk Hkksiky ftyk vnkyr esa nk;j o fopkjkèkhu flfoy lwV u- 74
A @ 87 vkSj 75 A @ 87 okfil ysrs gq, vnkyr ds }kjk [kkfjt fd;s
x;sA ,sls gh fo'kEHkj ds }kjk tcyiqj ftyk U;k;ky; esa jes'k ds
f[kykQ nk;j flfoy lwV okfil ysus dk vkosnu is'k fd;k x;k vkSj
okilh ds vkèkkj ij U;k;ky; us [kkfjt fd;kA
le>kSrs dks Lohdkj djus okys gkbZ d ks V Z ds vkns ' k dk
nq#i;ksx dj jes'k us lHkh flfoy lwV okfil ys fy;sA ;g crkus ds
fy, fd gkbZdksVZ tSls mPp bdkbZ dk vkns'k vkus ds ckn flfoy lwV
dksbZ ek;us ugha j[krsA gkbZdksVZ ds vkns'k ds ifj.kkeLo:i vc bUgsa
okfil ysuk t:jh gks x;k gSA
lqizhedksVZ us dgk& ftyk U;k;ky; dks vius foosd dk
mi;ksx djrs gq, bl ij fopkj djuk pkfg, Fkk fd fofHkUu i{kksa ds chp
esa fookn ds lacaèk esa eqdnek curk gS vFkok ugha curkA
lqizhedksVZ us dgk& flfoy dksVZ dks vius fglkc ls dkjZokbZ
djuh Fkh u fd fdlh vU; dksVZ ds funsZ'k ij] tgkWa ij fcYdqy
94

vyx fcUnq dk fujkdj.k fd;k x;k gSA gkbZdksVZ vkSj ftyk U;k;ky;
dks lh[k nsus ds ckn lqizhedksVZ us U;k; fd;kA dqN vkns'k tkjh fd;sA
bl rjg&
lqizhe dksVZ ds vkns'k ls %&

jes'k ls fNuk *nSfud HkkLdj* dk LokfeRo
lqizhe dksVZ us vius vkns'k esa ;g ekuk fd&
QeZ }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,aM cznlZ ds vfLrRo esa vkus ds igys
}kjdk izlkn **nSfud HkkLdj** izdkf'kr dj jgs Fks vkSj mudk uke
jftLVªkj vkWQ U;wt isilZ (vkj-,u-vkbZ-) ds fjdkWMZ esa ntZ FkkA QeZ dk
ekfydkuk gd dk BIik yxkrs gq, lqizhe dksVZ us dkykarj esa dgk&
**Prior to the constitution of Firm, a news paper known as
"Dainik Bhaskar" was being published by Dwarka Prasad
Agrawal and his name was recorded in Registrar of News
Papers for India".

7 tqykbZ 2003 dks mPpre U;k;ky; us vius fu.kZ; esa ekuk
fd VkbVy nSfud HkkLdj QeZ esllZ }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,.M
cznlZ dk gh gSA vkSj ikfjokfjd le>kSrs ds dkj.k ls nSfud HkkLdj
VkbVy ds ekfyd dk uke vkj-,u-vkbZ- ds fjdkWMZ esa QeZ ls jkbVlZ ,oa
ifCy'klZ ntZ gks x;k FkkA lqizhe dksVZ ds vkns'k dh lcls T;knk
egRoiw.kZ iafDr %&
"Pursuant to or in furtherance of the said purporated
compromise, RNI altered the name of owner of title

Dainik Bhaskar in his register from the Firm to M/s
writers on or about 3-9-1992 stating :-

dfyuk;d

95

vnkyr us jftLVªkj vkWQ U;wt isilZ }kjk nSfud HkkLdj ds
LokfeRo esa 3 flrEcj 1992 dks fd, x, Qsjcny dks Hkh fujLr dj
fn;kA bl Qsjcny esa *eSllZ }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,.M cznlZ* ds LFkku
ij jes'kpUnz vxzoky dh dEiuh *jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ* dks nSfud
HkkLdj dk Lokeh cuk fn;k x;k FkkA
lqizhe dksVZ us dgk& ge vkj-,u-vkbZ- ds 3 flrEcj 1992
ds vkns'k dks jn~n djrs gSaA
lqizhe dksVZ us&

QeZ dks cuk;k ekfyd
U;k;ky; us vius QSlys esa ekuk fd nSfud HkkLdj ij esllZ
}kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,aM cznlZ dk gh LokfeRo gS u fd jes'k pUnz
vxzoky ds LokfeRo okyh daiuh jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ fy-dkA lqizhe dksVZ
us v[kckj ds VkbVy o ekfydkuk gd dh pkfc;kWa QeZ dks lkSai nhaA
lqizhe dksVZ }kjk fn, x, QSlys ls nSfud HkkLdj dk LokfeRo
esllZ }kjdkizlkn ,aM cznlZ ds ikl pyk x;k vkSj jes'kpUnz vxzoky
vkSj muds ifjokj ds LokfeRo okyh daiuh jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ fyfeVsM
bldh Lokeh ugha jghA
bl QSlys dk vFkZ ;g gS fd jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ fy- vc
*nSfud HkkLdj* dks ns'k esa fdlh Hkh LFkku ls izdkf'kr ugha dj ldrh
gS vkSj u gh fdlh vU; daiuh ;k O;fDr dks vfèkd`r dj ldrh gSA QeZ
}kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,aM cznlZ ds vykok fdlh vU; QeZ ds }kjk
nSfud HkkLdj dk izdk'ku xSj dkuwuh gksxkA
1985 esa jes'kpUnz vxzoky us esllZ }kjdk izlkn vxzoky
,.M cznlZ QeZ ds [kRe (fMtkYo) gksus dk nkok fd;k FkkA ysfdu lqizhe
dksVZ us lHkh igyqvksa ij xkSj djus ds ckn QeZ dks gh okLrfod ekfyd
ekukA lokZfèkdkj }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,.M cznlZ dks---A
96

lqizhe dksVZ us&

29 twu 1992 dh fLFkfr iqu% cgky dh
;s bfrgkl ds nksgjko dk oDr FkkA tcfd izR;sd fc[kjko dks
iqu% la;ksftr fd;k tk jgk FkkA tks ;s cryk jgk Fkk fd vHkh Hkh balkQ
dk lw;Z vLr ugha gqvk gSA
lqihz e dksVZ us jftLVªkj vkWQ U;wt isilZ ubZ fnYyh (vkj-,u-vkbZ) lesr ftyk eftLVªVs ksa vkfn lHkh vfèkdkfj;ksa dks] reke oSèkkfud
laLFkkvksa dks] nhokuh vnkyrksa dks funs'Z k fn, fd os tcyiqj mPp U;k;ky;
ij QSlys ds iwoZ dh fLFkfr dks ;kfu 29 twu 1992 dh fLFkfr cgky
djaAs os bl le>kSrs ds iwoZ tSlh fLFkfr Fkh] mlh ds vuq:i O;ogkj djsAa
lHkh i{k 29 twu 1992 ds iwoZ dh fLFkfr esa ykSV vk,axAs
lqizhe dksVZ us dgk& lHkh i{k gkbZdksVZ ds }kjk ikfjr 29 twu
1992 ds vkns'k ds igys dh fLFkfr esa gh dkuwuh rkSj ij ekus
tk;saxAs
lqizhe dksVZ }kjk nSfud HkkLdj ds LokfeRo ls lacafèkr fookn
ds lanHkZ esa fn, x, QSlys ds vuqlkj 29 twu 1992 ds igys dh
fLFkfr cgky dj nh tkuh pkfg, Fkh] exj vkxs vki i<+saxs fd ,slk ugha
gksus fn;k x;kA
lqizhe dksVZ us dh&

le>kSrs dks feyh dkuwuh ekU;rk jn~n
lqizhe dksVZ us dgk&
dgk&bl ekeys esa vkns'k ikfjr dj le>kS r s
dks fjdkWMZ djus dk gkbZdksVZ dks dksbZ vfèkdkj ugha FkkA
lqizhe dksVZ us 29 twu] 1992 ds bl fookn ds lEcUèk esa gq,
le>kSrs dks nh xbZ dkuwuh ekU;rk dks vekU; dj bls xSj&dkuwuh ?kksf"kr
dj fn;k gSSA mPpre U;k;ky; us le>kSrs dks dkuwuh rkSj ij gkbZdksVZ
ls feyh ekU;rk jn~n dj nhA
dfyuk;d
97

gkbZdksVZ dk vkns'k jn~n
lqizhe dksVZ us dgk& pwfa d fo'ks"k rkSj ij bl ekeys esa dksbZ
fjV vkns'k tkjh ugha fd;k tk ldrk Fkk D;ksfa d bl ekeys esa ifCyd ykW
jseMs h ugha nh tk ldrhA blfy, gkbZdksVZ dk vkns'k xSjdkuwuh vkSj
mlds vfèkdkj {ks= ls ckgj FkkA blfy, mls fujLr fd;k tkuk pkfg,A
lqizhe dksVZ us dgk& fdlh Hkh i{k dks dksVZ ds ml vkns'k
ls uqdlku ugha igqWapk;k tk ldrk tks fd ml ij ykxw ugha gksrkA
ysfdu gkbZdksVZ ds vkns'k ls ,slk gqvkA tks ml ij ykxw u gksrk gks]
,sls dkuwu dk lgkjk ysdj gkbZdksVZ us }kjdk dks uqdlku igqWapk;kA
blfy, ge 26 flrEcj 1992 vkSj 13 uoEcj 1992 ds
gkbZdksVZ ds vkns'k dks fujLr djrs gSaA bl izdkj loksZPp U;k;ky;
us mPp U;k;ky; ds }kjk tkjh vkns'k dks Hkh [kkfjt dj fn;kA
lqizhe dksVZ us &

le>kSrs dks fd;k jn~n
bl izdkj loksZPp U;k;ky; us fn;s x;s vius QSlys esa eè;izns'k
mPp U;k;ky; ds 29 twu 1992 ds ml le>ksrs dks Hkh jn~n dj fn;k
x;k] ftlds tfj;s nSfud HkkLdj uke (VkbVy) QeZ eSa] }kjdk izlkn
vxzoky ,aM cznlZ ls jes'k panz vxzoky ,oa muds ifjokj ds LokfeRo
okyh daiuh *jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ fy-* dks gLrkarfjr dj fn;k x;k FkkA
mPpre U;k;ky; us fd, &

le>kSrs dks vkèkkj cukdj ?kVs
lkjs ?kVukØe Hkh vekU;
lqizhe dksVZ us dgk& gkbZdksVZ ds bl vkns'k ds vkèkkj ij ikfjr
lHkh vkns'k vkSj dkjZokbZ;kWa Hkh xSjdkuwuh vkSj vfèkdkj {ks= ls ijs
gSa] blfy, mUgsa fujLr fd;k tk jgk gSA
98

lqizhe dksVZ us dgk& gkbZdksVZ ds vkns'k ds vkèkkj ij LVsV;wVjh
vWFkkfjVh vkSj leLr flfoy dksVksZa ds }kjk tks Hkh vkns'k ikfjr fd;s x;s
;k tks Hkh dkjZokbZ dh xbZ] mls fujLr fd;k tkrk gSA ;kuh le>kSrk gh
fujkèkkj--- vr% ckdh lc csdkjA
lqizhe dksVZ us dgk& fo'kEHkj n;ky vxzoky ds }kjk nk;j
fjV ;kfpdk dks [kkfjt fd;k tkrk gSA
lqizhe dksVZ us vkns'k fn;k&

lHkh bl QSlys ds vuq:i dk;Zokgh djsa
lHkh i{k] LVsV~;Vjh vWFkkfjVh] U;k;ky; (flfoy dksVZ Hkh) bl
QSlys ds vuqlkj dkjZokbZ djsaA lqizhe dksVZ ds 'kCnksa esa %&
All parties, statutory authorities and court including the
Civil Courts are directed to act accordingly.

bl rjg lkQ Fkk fd esllZ jkbVlZ ,.M ifCy'klZ ds LFkku ij
eSllZ }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,.M cznlZ dks gh okLrfod ekfyd ekuk
tk,A
ysfdu [ksy vHkh ckdh gS esjs nksLRkA lqizhedksVZ ds vkns'k gq,
gok&gokbZ%&

QSlyk vihykFkhZ ds i{k esa
ysfdu Qk;nk fo#¼kFkhZ dks!
gn rks rc gks xbZ tc jes'k us frdM+e ls ckt u vkrs gq, vkj,u-vkbZ dks oks djus etcwj dj fn;k] tks oks pkgrk FkkA mlus lqizhe
dksVZ ds 2007 tqykbZ ds Li"V vkns'k esa vius f[kykQ xbZ ckrksa dks
vey esa ugha ykus fn;kA ;g Fkh ncaxbZ dh gnA
lqizhe dksVZ ds Li"V vkns'k ds ckotwn 29 vxLr 1992 ds
igys dh fLFkfr cgky ugha dh xbZA dk;ns ls esllZ }kjdk izlkn
vxzoky ,.M cznlZ dks gh nSfud HkkLdj dk Lokeh fy[kk tkuk pkfg,A
dfyuk;d
99

exj vkt Hkh èkM+Yys ls blds LFkku ij jes'k dh dEiuh dks ekfyd
fizUV fd;k tk jgk gSA
vkj-,u-vkbZ esa gqvk [ksy

vkj-,u-vkbZ us viuh fxYyh [kqn m[kkM+h
lqizhe dksVZ ds 7 tqykbZ 2003 ds fu.kZ; ds vuqikyu esa
vkj-,u-vkbZ- ds fMIVh izsl jftLVªkj (Mh-ih-vkj-) mn; eksjs us 24
uoEcj 2003 ds i= }kjk mu leLr 'kgjksa ds ftykfèkdkfj;ksa (tgkWa
ls nSfud HkkLdj dk izdk'ku gks jgk Fkk) dks lqizhe dksVZ ds fu.kZ; dk
vuqikyu djus ds fy, vknsf'kr fd;kA
vk'p;Z tud :i ls ek= nl fnuksa ds Hkhrj gh vkj-,u-vkbZ
ds-] izsl jftLVªkj (ih-vkj-) th-Mh- osfy;k ds i= 3 fnlEcj 2003
ds }kjk fMIVh izsl jftLVªkj (Mh-ih- vkj-) mn; eksjs dk i= fcuk dksbZ
Bksl dkj.k fn;s ;g dgrs gq, okil ys fy;k fd 24 uoEcj 2003 dk
i= esjh vuqefr ls tkjh ugha gqvk gSA Hkz"Vkpkj dk oks tytyk vk;k
fd izsl jftLVªkj us igys Fkwdk fQj pkV Hkh fy;kA bl izdkj U;k;
dh izfØ;k #d x;hA vU;k; U;k; ij dkfct gks x;kA vkSj jes'k dh
eqWag ekWaxh eqjkn iwjh gks xbZA lqizhe dksVZ us 7 tqykbZ 2003 dks balkQ
fd;k] rjktw dk iyM+k jes'k ds f[kykQ x;kA blds vkèkkj ij vkj,u-vkbZ- ds vfHkys[kksa esa ifjorZu fd, tkus FksA ysfdu loky ;g mBrk
gS fd blds ckotwn%&

,d ls vfèkd ekfyd dSls\
blds ckn ekeys dks my>kus ds fy, jes'kpUnz vxzoky us
vkj-,u-vkbZ- ds lkFk feydj u;k [ksy [ksykA vkj-,u-vkbZ esa jes'kpUnz
vxzoky ds iSls o ikWoj dk [ksy pyus yxk rFkk vxys 6&7 ekg rd
tkWap dk ukVd pyrk jgkA
100

18 twu 2004 dks lgk;d izsl jftLVªkj vkj-ds-vxzoky
us lu~ 1992 ls iwoZ dh fookfnr fLFkfr dks Ckgky djrs gq, nS f ud
HkkLdj VkbVy dk ikWap vyx&vyx 'kgjksa esa ikWap dEifu;ksa dks
ekfyd cuk fn;k tks fd ih-vkj-ch ,DV ds lsD'ku&6 dk [kqyk
mYya?ku FkkA ,d rjg dh ukfnj'kkgh FkhA

eSa ugha rks rw Hkh ugha
lqizhe dksVZ }kjk fn, x, QSlys ds vuqlkj 29 &6&92 ds
,xzhesUV ds ckn gh vkj-,u-vkbZ- ds fjdkWMZ esa QeZ ls jkbVlZ ,aM
ifCy'klZ dks ekfydkuk gd fn;k x;kA ysfdu bl rF; ds foijhr&
lqizhe dksVZ ds QSlys ds ifjikyu dh vkM+ esa 29 twu 1992
dh fLFkfr cgky djus ds uke ls Hkksiky dk nSfud HkkLdj dk LokfeRo
jkbVlZ ,oa ifCy'klZ dks gh ekuk x;k ,oa vU; laLdj.kksa dk ekfyd
vyx&vyx daifu;ksa dks ekuk x;k tcfd os QeZ }kjdk izlkn
vxzoky ,aM cznlZ dh yht gksYMj FkhaA
bl izdkj ekeys dks my>kus ds fy, vkSj QeZ dk LokfeRo
nSfud HkkLdj ij u gks] bl mn~n's ; dh iwfrZ ds fy, ;g "kM~;a= cquk x;k
fd& eSa ugha rks rw ughaA

vkj-,u-vkbZ- ds }kjk jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ dks gh ekfyd ekuk
tkuk lqizhe dksVZ ds vkns'k dh voekuuk gSA
vkj-,u-vkbZ us jes'k ds lkFk feydj dle [kk yh gS fd pkgs
fu.kZ; lqizhe dksVZ dk gh D;ksa u gks ysfdu vius euekus iu ij tjk Hkh
vkWap ugha vkus nsaxAs
tc lqizhe dksVZ us jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ dks ekfyd cukus okyk
vkj-,u-vkbZ dk vkns'k vkSj vkj-,u-vkbZ ds vkns'k dk vkèkkj gkbZdksVZ
dk fu.kZ; vkSj gkbZdksVZ ds fu.kZ; dk vkèkkj ,xzhesUV (le>kSrk) fujLr
dj fn;k] rks blds ckotwn jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ dks gh nSfud HkkLdj
dk ekfyd ekuk tkuk ;s fl¼ djrk gS fd 26 flrEcj 1992 ds
igys Hkh jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ gh ekfyd FkkA vxj ,slk gS rks&
blls loky ;s mBrk gS fd

tc jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ igys ls gh nSfud HkkLdj
dk ekfyd Fkk
1-

vkj-,u-vkbZ us dh lqizhe dksVZ dh voekuuk
2loksZPp U;k;ky; us vkj-,u-vkbZ- ds 3 flrEcj] 1992 ds
ml vkns'k dks Hkh fujLr dj fn;k] ftlds tfj;s vkj-,u-vkbZ- us
}kjdkizlkn vxzoky dks lwfpr fd;k Fkk fd VkbVy (uke) dk LokfeRo
jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ fy- dks gLrkarfjr dj fn;k x;k gSA
vkj-,u-vkbZ ds 3 flrEcj 1992 ds vkns'k vuqlkj jkbVlZ
,aM ifCy'klZ dks nSfud HkkLdj dk ekfyd cuk fn;k x;k] vkSj ml
vkns'k dks lqizhe dksVZ us fujLr dj fn;kA vkj-,u-vkbZ- ds ml
vkns'k dks lqizhe dksVZ ds }kjk fujLr dj nsus ds ckotwn vkt Hkh

dfyuk;d

101

3456-

vxj ,slk gS rks----blls >kWadrs gSa dqN loky---igys ls ekfyd jgs jkbVlZ dks vkj-,u-vkbZ- ds }kjk fQj ls
nksckjk ekfyd ?kksf"kr djus dk dksbZ rqd utj ugha vkrkA
fdl ckr dk ,xzhesUV (vuqcaèk)k)\\ reke ,xzhesUV djus dh vkSj
D;k t:jr\
gkbZdksVZ esa naxy epkus dh D;k t:jr Fkh\
vkSj D;ksa vkj-,u-vkbZ- us ,xzhesUV ,oa gkbZdksVZ ds fu.kZ; ds
ifjikyu esa jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ dks ekfyd ?kksf"kr fd;k\
rc u gh jes'k dks ftyk vnkyr esa flfoy lwV nk;j djus dh
t:jr FkhA
lqizhe dksVZ dks jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ dks ekfyd cukus okyk
vkj-,u-vkbZ dk vkns'k fujLr djus dh t:jr D;k Fkh\

102

mind the spirit of the judgement, more particularly the various

bl egkfrfyLe dk tokc jes'k vxzoky gh ns ldrk gSA

flCcy dh jk;

observations and remarks passed by the Hon’ble Court in the

bl lEcUèk esa lqizhe dksVZ ds ofj"B odhy o Hkkjr ljdkj ds
dsUnzh; ea=h dfiy flCcy dh jk; vge~ gSA mudk dguk gS fd lqizhe
dksVZ }kjk 7 tqykbZ 2003 dks tks fu.kZ; fn;k x;k gS] mlesa fy[kk fd
nSfud HkkLdj QeZ }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,.M cznlZ dk gh gSA fygktk
vkt dh rkjh[k esa bldk izdk'ku voSèk :i ls gks jgk gS ftls rqjUr
cUn gksuk pkfg,A bl i= dks tl dk rl uhps izLRkqr dj jgsa gSa&

process of arriving at a conclusion in the form of final direc-

KAPIL SIBBAL

cluding civil courts.
For the sake to brevity I am not reproducing the facts of the
case and proceed on the basis that the facts are admitted to the
extent the same are recorded in the said judgment.
In the operative portion the Hon’ble Supreme Court has set

AB-7, Purana Qila Road

aside the impugned judgment/order of the High Court at

New Delhi- 110001
Tel : 3388260, 37823 Fax : 3388286

Jabalpur in Writ Petition No. 802 of 1992 and Review Petition

4, J.K. DCM Building 16, Barakhamba Road

No. 477 of 1992 dated 29-06-1992 and 13-11-1992 respectively

New Delhi- 110001, Ph. : 3315216, 373649

on the grounds of jurisdiction and declared them as nullity. The

Fax : 011-3358850

Re :

tions to the Respondents and various other authorities in-

August 21, 2003

Hon’ble Supreme Court has further declared the agree-

Supreme Court's Judgment in the dispute relating to

ment dated 29-06-1992, which was entered into by and between

'Dainik Bhaskar'

Shri Bhishambhar Dayal Agrawal, Shri Mahesh Prasad Agrawal,

My opinion is sought on the effect and implementation of the
judgementt and order dated 07-07-2003 passed by the Hon'ble
Supreme Court in CA 4782 of 1993 and other connected appeals
and petitions.

unlawful and accordingly quashed the same.The Hon’ble
Supreme Court has further quashed the order of Registrar
of Newspaper of India (RNI) dated 3-9-1992 by which the RNI

I have carefully gone through the said judgment and have
also noted the various observations and remarks passed by the
Hon’ble Court while discussing the facts of the case. I have also
gone through the directions of the Hon’ble Court, which in my
view are to be read, understood and implemented keeping in

dfyuk;d

Shri Ramesh Chandra Agrawal and their sons as collusive and

103

communicated to Shri Dwarka Prasad Agrawal regarding the
change in ownership of the title in the newspaper in the name of
Writers & Publishers Pvt. Ltd. Furthermore, the Hon’ble Supreme Court has set aside all action taken and all orders
and actions taken pursuant to or in furtherance of the im104

pugned judgment dated 29.6.1992 or order dated 3.9.1992

Act, 1867) and shall be deemed to have been set aside pur-

as illegal and without jurisdiction.

suant to the order of the Supreme Court. The printing and

After setting aside the impugned order of the High Court at
Jabalpur, declaring the agreement dated 29-6-1992 as unlawful
and quashing the order dated 3.9.1992 of RNI the Hon’ble Supreme Court relegated the parties to the situation prevailing immediately prior to the passing of the order dated 29.6.1992 and
directed all parties, statutory authorities and courts including the

publication of the newspaper ‘Dainik Bhaskar’ henceforth, from
all those place from where it was printed and published as on
19.6.1992 shall be printed and published under the old declaration, which was valid on that date provided the said declarations
are otherwise valid. In the event those declarations are otherwise found invailid for any reason viz. there is a change in place
of printing, change of editor, printer or publisher or if the newspa-

civil courts to act accordingly.
In my opinion, once the Supreme Court has set aside
the impugned judgments and quashed the RNI’s order dated
3.9.1992 the RNI is duty bound to rectify its record and reflect therein, that the firm M/s Dwarka Prasad Agrawal &
Brothers is the owner of the newspaper ‘Dainik Bhaskar’,
since the change of ownership of the newspaper in the
record of RNI was effected pursuant to the High Court’s

per was been printed and published under some authority of the
owner and that authority is no longer valid due to efflux of time or
stands cancelled or withdrawn then the concerned magistrates
are required to cancel the declarations which were valid as on
29.6.1992 and shall ask for a fresh declaration, duly authenticated after following the procedure as prescribed under the provisions of the Press and Registration of Books Act, 1867.
For those editions, which have come into existence after

order dated 29.6.1992.
Consequently, with effect from 07.07.2003, the date of the
judgment of the Supreme Court no newspaper can be printed or

29.6.1992 for the continued publication, a fresh declaration will
be required under the authority of the present owner.
Kapil Sibbal

published unless the same is printed and published under a duly

Senior Advocate

authenticated declaration filed or authorised by the firm M/s
Dwarka Prasad Agrawal & Bros.
Further, all those declarations, which are authenticated

;gkWa ,sls QaMs fn;s tk jgs gSa tks dfy;qxh ykSfdd lQyrk ds
fy, cgqr egÙo j[krs gSa&

by the concerned magistrates after 29.6.1992 would fall
within the category of orders passed by a statutory authority (an authority under the Press and Registration of Books

dfyuk;d

105

lQyrk dk dfy;qxh QaMk
vxj vkidks yxus yxs fd vkidk i{k detksj gS] vki eqdnek
gkj tk;sxa s vkSj gM+ih gqbZ pht gkFk ls fudy tk;sxh rks vki rjg&rjg
106

ds gFkdaMs viukdj ekeys dks o"kks± rd ,d dksVZ esa vkSj n'kdkas rd
yksvj dksVZ ls ysdj lqihz e dksVZ esa [khap ldrs gSa vkSj thouHkj gM+ih
pht dks viuh le>dj mldk vkuan ys ldrs gSAa Hkz"Vkpkj dk ve`r
ys viuk thou lhpsa] ekeys dks o"kks± rd [khpsaA blfy, lQyrk dk
QaMk cuk&
**ekeys dks bruk yack [khpks fd lkS lky dh ftanxh fuiV
tk;s A **
eqn~ns dh ckr gS fd ekeys dks P;waxe dh rjg pck;k tk, rks
gkjk gqvk dsl Hkh thrk tk ldrk gSA ;g jkt jes'k tkurk FkkA vc
vki Hkh tku x,A

lqizhe dksVZ dk vkns'k] jn~nh dh Vksdjh esa
vkf[kj fdlh us Hkh ugha ekus lqizhe dksVZ ds vkns'k----! jes'k
us lkfcr dj fn;k fd lqizhedksVZ ds fu.kZ; dks èkrk crkdj viuh xn~nh
ij cSBk tk ldrk gSA jes'k us lkfcr dj fn;k fd eSa lqizhe dksVZ ls Hkh
ijs gwWaA dksVZ dk vkns'k euokuk fdlh ds o'k dh ckr ugha jghA
dkuw u us viuk QS l yk rks lq u k fn;k] exj flfoy dks V Z
es a lq i z h e dks V Z ds vkns ' k ds vuq l kj flfoy lw V dks okil ftUnk
dj nS f ud HkkLdj ds ekfydkuk gd dk fu.kZ ; djus dh dks b Z
dk;Z o kgh ugha gq b Z gS A igys firk vc iRuh vkS j cs V h--- ba l kQ

dh ryk'k es a

vkns'k gqvk] balkQ ugha
ftudk gd ekjk x;k] os balkQ dh ckV tksg jgs gSa ;k fQj os
jes'k ls yM+uk ugha pkgrsA blfy, gfFk;kj Mkydj pqi cSB x;s gSa ;k
fQj jes'k dh LokFkhZ **n;k** ij thus ds fy, rS;kj gks x,A ;gh rks gS--- vaèksjA D;k\ fd& gS dkuwu] jes'k dh tsc esaA

dfyuk;d

107

lkyk] dkSu dgrk gS fd jk"Vª esa ,drk ugha gS] n¶rj&n¶rj
cM+s&cM+s ?kwl[kksj vQlj ls ysdj pwl[kksj pijklh rd ----lHkh rks [kk
jgs gSa---- feytqy dj bl ns'k dksA

lQyrk dk dfy;qxh QaMk--vc jes'k dks Hkwy tkbZ,] vius dke dh ckr ij vkbZ,A dke
dh ckr ;gh gS fd vkt dk gekjk U;k; **vU;k;** dh ekj ls ihfM+r
gksdj cstqoku] vaèkk vkSj fcdkÅ gSA
;kn j[kks& mn~nMa rk ls jguk gS rks U;k; dks èku ds eksy [kjhn
dj] ml ij jkt djuk iM+xs kA rc gh rqe n.M ls cp ikvksxAs blfy,
èkuh cuks rkfd lPpkbZ thr dj Hkh gkj tk,A blls feyk] lQyrk dk
,d vkSj jes'kh QaMk] fd dkuwu turk ij 'kklu djrs gSa ysfdu&
**èkuh dkuwu ij 'kklu fd;k djrs gSaA**
fu"d"kZ ;s fudyk&

lqizhe dksVZ ls cM+h& jes'k dh vnkyr
dkuwu èkuh dh tsc esa gSA èkuh dkuwu dh tsc esa ughaA nQu gqvk
balkQA U;k; dks nQuk;k x;kA daèkk nsus okyksa esa jes'k] jftLVªkj]
flfoy dksVZ vkSj ftyk eftLVªsV FksA fd'kksjh ds gkFk vk;k dHkh u [kRe
gksus okyk balkQA
vkidks ;s eku ysuk pkfg, fd rkdroj eqtfjeksa dks lyk[kksa
ds ihNs igqWapkuk ljdkj dh ftEesnkjh ugha gSA bruk dqN gks tkus ds ckn
Hkh vxj vkiesa fgEer gS rks vkb;s ge lc lj >qdkdj vius dkuwu dh
oanuk djsaA
bl vè;k; esa fn, x, rF;ksa dh lPpkbZ ds lcwrksa dk voyksdu
djus ds fy, nLrkostksa dk layXu lhMh esa ladyu fd;k x;k gSA blls
*dfyuk;d* dh *djrwrksa* ds izek.kksa ls eq[kkfrc gqvk tk ldrk gSA
108

vkbzZ,] vc ge flj >qdkdj ckjEckj vius&

oSls D;k vki ,slk dj ldsaxs\

lafoèkku dk vknj djsa

mEehn dh fdj.k ckdh gS

Hkkjr dk lafoèkku dk vuqPNsn 51(d) dgrk gS&
**51(d)& Hkkjr ds izR;sd ukxfjd dk ;g dÙkZO; gksxk fd

og&
(d) lafoèkku dk ikyu djs vkSj mlds vkn'kksaZ vkSj laLFkkvksa
dk vknj djsA**

tc dksbZ cM+h ukbalkQh gksrh gS vkSj lqizhedksVZ dks yxrk gS fd U;k;
ds uSlfxZd fu;eksa dh vuns[kh gqbZ rks ekeys ij lqizhe dksVZ iqufoZpkj
dj ldrk gS] blfy, mEehn dh fdj.k ckdh gSA

blfy,]
pkgs flfoy dksVZ esa lqihz e dksVZ ds vkns'k ds vuqlkj flfoy
lwVksa ij fQj ls lquckbZ dh dk;Zokgh ugh
ugha gqbZ gks]
pkgs gkbZdksVZ esa }kjdk ds lkFk vU;k; gh D;ksa u gqvk gks]
pkgs vkj-,u-vkbZ- us lqihz e dksVZ ds vkns'k dh voekuuk dj
vius QtZ ls xn~nkjh gh D;ksa u dh gks]
pkgs ftyk eftLVªsV (dyDVj) lqihz e dksVZ ds vkns'k dh
f[kYyh mM+kdj jkbVlZ ,aM ifCy'klZ dkss gh nSfud HkkLdj dk
ekbZ&cki eku jgs gksa]

rc Hkh
;g gekjk ewy dÙkZO; gS fd ge bu laLFkkvksa dk vknj djsAa

vkbzZ,] vc ,d ckj vkSj]
ge lc ,dlkFk feydj
viuk flj >qdkdj ---vius lafoèkku vkSj
mldh laLFkkvksa dk-vknj djsa] vkSj
nwljksa ls djok,a
dfyuk;d

109

110

NBoka vè;k;

jes ' k dk >kWalh nk >kWalk
;g vè;k; Hkh fdlh nwljs vè;k; ls de ugha gSA ge ,d&,d dj
**[kqy tk flefle** iksy [kksy jgs gSaA jes'k ds QthZokM+s dh jQ~rkj dqN
bl izdkj ls vkxs c<+h%&
;g Fkk jes'k dk Lis'ky QthZokM+k ;kfu jes'k Lis'ky---

jes'k us is'k dh QthZ ikVZujf'ki MhM&1972
lqihz edksVZ dk QSlyk vkus ds ckn vc jes'k dks ,glkl gks x;k Fkk
fd dHkh Hkh ewy QeZ }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,aM cznlZ **nSfud HkkLdj**
ij vkfèkiR; dj ldrh gSA rRdky mlds fnekx ls dfy;qxh vkbfM;k
fudy dj vk;kA dkSu lk vkbfM;k\
;gh fd fd'kksjh nsoh vkSj mudh csfV;ksa dk fgLlk gM+ius ds fy,
c"kZ 1972 dh QthZ ikVZujf'ki MhM jftLVªkj QeZ lkslk;Vh ,oa
fpV~l] >kWalh dks cukdj is'k djus dk vkbfM;kA

idM+h xbZ pksjh
lgk;d jftLVªkj] QeZ lkslk;Vh ,oa fpV~l >kWl
a h] vjfoUn feJk us
vius 12 fnlEcj 2003 ds i= ds ekè;e ls jftLVªkj] QeZ lkslk;Vh
vkSj fpV~l] y[kuÅ dks voxr djk;k fd%&
QeZ }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,aM cznlZ ds fookn dh lquokbZ
jftLVªkj y[kuÅ ds ekè;e ls dh tk jgh gSA
y[kuÅ dk;kZy; ds }kjk ges tks layXu nLrkost Hksts x;s Fks]
mlesa QeZ ds c"kZ 1976 esa iathd`r gksus fo"k;d QkeZ uEcj 01 dh QksVks
izfr ,oa jes'k pUnz vxzoky ds odhy ds }kjk miyCèk djk;h x;h

dfyuk;d

111

*lk>snkjh&MhM* dh Nk;k izfr layXu dh xbZ FkhA
jftLVªkj vkxs fy[krs gSa fd bl lacèa k esa ;g mYys[kuh; gS fd
mijksDr QeZ dh lk>snkjh MhM] mijksDr QeZ dh i=koyh esa miyCèk ugha
gSA
c"kZ 1976 esa mijksDr iathd`r izi= QkeZ uEcj 01 ds fjekdZ
dkWye esa **oh vkj ukV n esEcj vkWQ ,p-;w-,Q-** (la;Dq r fgUnq
ifjokj dh lnL; ugha ) vafdr gS tcfd Jh vkj-lh-vxzoky ds odhy
ds }kjk bl dk;kZy; dks nh xbZ lk>snkjh MhM dh Nk;kizfr esa **esEcj
vkWQ ,p-;w-,Q** dh ckr dh xbZ gSA
pwWafd mijksDr QeZ dh i=koyh esa iathdj.k ds le; dh
lk>snkjh&MhM miyCèk ugha gS vkSj QkeZ uEcj& 01 vkS j vkj-lhvxzoky ds odhy }kjk miyCèk djk;h x;h MhM dh Nk;kizfr esa dgh
xbZ ckrksa esa vUrj gS] vr% bl dk;kZy; ds mijksDr ekxZn'kZu fo"k;d
i= ds mÙkj esa mijksDr rF;ksa dks laKku esa ysuk] vifjgk;Z izrhr gksrk gSA
jes'k fd'kksjhnsoh dks }kjdk dk iwjk 25 izfr'kr fgLlk ugha
nsuk pkgrk FkkA blhfy, og *oh vkj ukV n esEcj vkWQ ,p-;w-,Q** dh txg fjdkMZ esa **esEcj vkWQ ,p-;w-,Q** vafdr djuk pkgrk
FkkA
;gh fNik ,tsUMk Fkk jes'k dkA

lqizhe dksVZ ds QSlys ds ckn jes'k us jax cnyk
tSls gh lqizhe dksVZ us QeZ dks nSfud HkkLdj VkbVy dk ekfyd
ekuk] fxjfxV dh rjg jax cnyus esa ekfgj jes'k us QeZ esa vius firk
tks fd 10 o"kZ igys ej pqds Fks] muds uke dh txg viuk uke tksM+us
dk vkosnu i= 14 tuojh 2004 dks fn;kA ;g vkosnu jftLVªkj QeZ
vkSj lkslk;Vh >kWalh dks izLrqr fd;kA ;kuh >kWalh esa u;k >kWalkA
112

jes'k us gM+ik fd'kksjh dk 25 Qhlnh fgLlk
;g vkosnu i= QeZ esa }kjdk izlkn dh oSèk okfjl }kjdk izlkn dh
iRuh fd'kksjh nsoh vkSj iq=h gseyrk vxzoky dks QeZ esa 'kkfey gksus ls
jksdus ds fy, fd;k x;kA }kjdk dh olh;r vuqlkj }kjdk dk QeZ esa
'kkfey 25 izfr'kr fgLlk (Hkkxhnkjh) fd'kksjh nsoh dks feyuk pkfg,
FkkA

fNik #Lre
vxj QeZ esa }kjdk izlkn dks la;Dq r fgUnq ifjokj (Undivided
Hindu family) dk drkZ ekuk tk, rks fQj }kjdk dk 25 izfr'kr fgLlk
nks xqVksa esa caVxs kA
igyk xqV jes'k dk] ftlesa jes'k dh ekWa dLrwjh] jes'k dh cgu
uhye vkSj ehuk vkSj nwljk xqV fd'kksjh] gseyrk vkSj vuqjkèkk dk gksxkA
bl izdkj jes'k ds fgLls esa }kjdk ds 25 izfr'kr dk 5 fgLlk
(3-57 x 5 = 16.85 % ) vkSj fd'kksjh ds fgLls esa }kjdk dk 3 fgLlk
(3-57 x 3 = 10.71%) igqWpa rkA
blls jes'k ds ikl QeZ dk 16-85 + mldk Lo;a dk 15
izfr'kr ;kuh dqy 31-85 fgLlk igqWpa rkA
;fn QeZ esa }kjdk izlkn dks la;Dq r fgUnq ifjokj dk drkZ u
ekuk tk, rks fQj }kjdk dk iwjk 25 izfr'kr fgLlk clh;r ds vuqlkj
dsoy fd'kksjhnsoh dk gksxkA

lhèkh lh ckr gS& dkxtksa ds iSj rks gksrs ugha fd os daHq k ds esys
x, gksa vkSj HkhM+ esa dgha [kks tk,aA blls lkQ gS fd os xqes ugha] xqek fn,
x,A
fdlus i=a--- iq"ie---- rks;a--- ls mid`r dj viuk mYyw lhèkk
fd;k\
jftLVªkj vjfoUn feJk us] jes'k ds odhy ds }kjk izLrqr dh
xbZ cnyh gqbZ ftl ikVZujf'ki MhM dk mYys[k fd;k gS] og Hkh vc
vkidks ogka ugha feysxhA vc og vkdk'k&dqlqe dh Js.kh esa vk xbZ gSA
ges'kk dh rjg jes'k ds bl vijk/k dks nck fn;k tk,xkA
ysfdu] ;gka jes'k gkj dj Hkh thr x;kA D;ksfa d }kjdk dh
olh;r ds ckotwn fd'kksjh dks FkksM+k lk fgLlk Hkh ugha feykA }kjdk us
Hkys mudh fpUrk dh] ij jes'k us muds fy, fprk ltk nhA
vkt jftLVªkj QeZ lkslk;Vh ,oa fpV~l >kWl
a h ds fjdkMZ ds
vuqlkj QeZ }kjdk izlkn vxzoky ,aM cznlZ esa dsoy jes'k vkSj eueksgu
lk>snkj gSAa QeZ esa }kjdk ds LFkku ij jes'k vkSj fo'EHkj ds LFkku
ij eueksgu dks 'kkfey dj fjdkMZ nq#Lr dj fy;k x;k gSA

vlyh ikVZujf'ki MhM fjdkWMZ ls xk;c&
vki ns[k pqds gSa fd tks&tks nLrkost jes'k dks uqdlku igqpWa kus
okys gksrs gS]a os lkjs irk ugha dSls xk;c gks tkrs gS\a fcYdqy xèks ds flj
ds lhax dh rjgA ;kn vk;k Xokfy;j es fefuV~l cqd xk;c] fnYyh esa
vkj-,u-vkbZ- ds fjdkWMZ xk;c] ;gkWa >kWl
a h esa jftLVªkj ds ;gka c"kZ 1972
dh ikVZujf'ki MhM xk;cA

dfyuk;d

113

114

mudk fdruk egRo gSA ;g gekjk dÙkZO; Hkh gSA nSfud HkkLdj dk ;g ,d
fouez iz;kl gSA fo'okl gS fd djksM+kas ikBd bl Hkkouk dks le>rs gq,
blesa iwjs euks;ksx ls Hkkxhnkjh djsxa As blfy, *nsus dk lq[k* dk lq[k
mBkb,A
jes'kpanz vxzoky
ps;jeSu] nSfud HkkLdj lewg

lkrokWa vè;k;

dFkuh dqN] djuh dqN
olh;r fd'kksjh dh] laifÙk jes'k dh

*Lokeh jes'ojkuUn th egkjkt**

ftudh dFkuh dqN vkSj] djuh djs dqN vkSj]
mu is Hkjkslk er dj cUns] ftuds Bhd u BkSjA

jes'k us ihVk fir` HkfDRk dk <ksy
jes'k dk lans'k
26 flrEcj 2010 ds nSfud HkkLdj (tcyiqj laLdj.k) dsa igys
iUus (eq[k i`"B ) ij jes'k us vius djksM+kas ikBdksa dks ;g lan's k fn;k gS&

nsus dk lq[k
gesa ges'kk nwljksa dks dqN u dqN nsuk pkfg,A lalkj dh lajpuk blh
vkèkkj ij gqbZ gSA gekjh bZ'oj ls izkFkZuk gksuh pkfg, fd gekjs Hkhrj nsus
dk Hkko iSnk djsA bldk vFkZ flQZ ijksidkj gh ugha] cfYd blesa gesa ftl
ifjokj] lekt vkSj ns'k us fn;k gS] mls ykSVkus dk Hkko Hkh gSA ge bl ckjs
esa lksprs Hkh gS]a ysfdu vkt dh HkkxeHkkx esa ge bl fn'kk esa dqN dj ugha
ikrsA tcfd viuh vxyh ih<+h ds fy, ,d csgrj nqfu;k dh jkg ,sls gh
vklku cukbZ tk ldrh gSA lcls cM+h ckr ;g gS fd nsus ls gh cjkcjh
dh Hkkouk vkrh gSA ;gh Hkkouk gesa O;fDrxr [kq'kh vkSj larks"k Hkh nsrh gSA
larks"k bl ckr dk fd geus ftanxh dks mlds lgh vFkks± esa le>us dh
dksf'k'k dhA vkt ls lkr fnu rd *nsus ds lq[k* ds jkt] buds egRo vkSj
blls tqM+s larks"k dks vuqHko djus dh dksf'k'k djsAa blds fy, cgqr cM+h
;kstuk cukus dh t:jr ugha gSA 'kq:vkr djsa vius gh ekrk&firk lsA ge
muds lkFk dqN le; xqtkjdj mUgsa crk ldrs gSa fd gekjh ftanxh esa

dfyuk;d

115

mez ds iSl
a Bos iM+ko esa igqWpa dj jes'k vius vkidks egkiq:"k ds :i
esa turk ds lkeus izLrqr djuk pkgrk gSA blfy, mlus fdlh lar&egkRek
ds tSlk nk'kZfud izopu fn;kA blfy, mls **jes'ojkuUn th egkjkt**
dh mikfèk ns ldrs gSAa ysfdu tjk BgjsAa D;ksfa d bu egk'k; us viuh
ftUnxh ij dkyk inkZ Mkydj lkoZtfud :i ls ,d egku O;fDr gksus
dk ifjp; fn;k gS %&

vkpj.k ds niZ.k esa--viuk psgjk ns[ks jes'k
fu;e gS& ftruk&ftruk vki dke djrs tk,axs] nwljs
mruk&mruk vkidks tkurs tk,axsA dkj.k fd] ekuo ds lkjs dk;Z
mldh bPNk ds izfrfcEc gksrs gSaA
vkb;s tjk bl dlkSVh ij jes'k dks ij[ksa %&
jes'k cq<+kis esa lgkjk nsus okyh ykBh ugha] dqfVyrk ls ihV&ihVdj
?kk;y djus okyk yV~B cu x;k FkkA ?kqV&?kqV dj ejus ls igys 13 ebZ
1993 dks }kjdk izlkn us viuh iRuh fd'kksjh nsoh] iq=h gseyrk vkSj
vuqjkèkk dks viuk ,dek= mÙkjkfèkdkjh ?kksf"kr fd;kA jftLVª k j
Xokfy;j ds vkWfQl esa jftLVMZ bl olh;r esa }kjdk izlkn fy[krs
gSa fd&
1- esjs iq= jes'k us eq>s dbZ ckj tku ls ekjus dk iz;kl fd;kA
116

2- eq> olh;rdrkZ dh e`R;q ds i'pkr~ olh;rxzghrk fd'kksjh
nsoh dks leLr py o vpy lEifÙk ij ogh vfèkdkj izkIr gks tk;sxa s tks
eq> olh;rdrkZ dks vkt izkIr gSAa
jes'k us viuh ekWa&cgu dh laifÙk gM+ih D;ksafd mls ;s
èkqu
lokj Fkh&

HkkLdj xzkfQDl ,aM fizafVax vkVZ izkbZosV fyfeVsM] bUnkSj dj fn;k
x;kA jftLVªkj Xokfy;j ds vkWfQl esa jftLVMZ olh;r ds vuqlkj
?kksf"kr mÙkjkfèkdkfj;ksa dks HkkLdj xzkfQd ,aM fizafVax vkVZ izkbZosV
fyfeVsM esa ,d dkSM+h ugha feyhA blfy, vc rks ge ;gh dg ldrs gSa
fd&

vkiu&vkiu gkgw] eSa u nsgaWw dkgw
}kjdk izlkn ds py clus ds ckn mudk ekfydkuk gd dk
Hkksiky dk *ds'ko Hkou* jes'k us xSjdkuwuh rjhds ls gM+i MkykA
Hkksiky dk lqyrkfu;k jksM dk vxzoky Hkou] f[kUuh ckyk eSnku
dk jke Hkou] egkjk.kk izrki uxj dk izl
s dkEiysDl dk edku] vkxjk
eqca bZ jksM ij nSfud HkkLdj dks vkoafVr tehu] fnYyh dh dukV Iysl
dk }kjdk lnu vkSj vkbZ,u,l Hkou rFkk 'kkgnjk nsgyh dk IykV lc
dqN jes'k us vius dCts esa dj fy;kA
1972 dh ikVZujf'ki MhM esa dgk x;k Fkk fd Hkkxhnkj dh e`R;q
ls QeZ fo?kfVr ugha gksxhA cfYd e`rd ds dkuwuh okfjlksa vkSj thfor
lk>hnkjksa ds }kjk QeZ fujUrj jgsxhA e`rd dk fgLlk mlds okfjlksa dks
fn;k tk,xkA gseyrk&vuqjkèkk vkSj mudh ekWa fd'kksjh nsoh dk 25
izfr'kr ij gd Fkk ij firk dh ea'kk ds foijhr vkSj lkjs fgLlsnkjksa dks
Bsaxk crkrs gq, jes'k us mls Hkh gM+i fy;kA loky mBrk gS fd ;g nsus
dk dkSu lk lq[k gS\
17 vDVwcj 1984 ds igys nSfud HkkLdj ds bankSj
laLdj.k ds ekfyd dk uke }kjdk izlkn] lapkyd] HkkLdj ifCyds'ku
,aM ,ykbM baMLVªht] Xokfy;j FkkA ysfdu 17 vDVwcj 1984 ds ckn
ekfyd dk uke }kjdk izlkn] lapkyd] HkkLdj xzkfQd ,aM fizafVax vkVZ
izkbZosV fyfeVsM bUnkSj FkkA laiknd ;rhUnz HkVukxj cuk, x,A ysfdu
10 tqykbZ 92 ls ekfyd dk uke jes'kpUnz vxzoky] lapkyd]

dfyuk;d

117

tc njokts ykxh ckjkr]
rc lefèku dks yxh gxkl
vkt jes'k ifjokj] lekt vkSj ns'k dks nsus dh ckr dj jgk gSA
nsus dh 'kq:vkr vius gh ekrk&firk ls djus dh ckr dj jgk gSA ysfdu
loky ;s gS fd%&
thrs firk dh iwNh u ckr]
ejs firk dks nwèk vkSj HkkrA
ftl le; jes'k vius gh ekrk&firk dk gd ekj jgk Fkk] VSDlksa
dh pksjh dj jgk Fkk] ml le; ;g nsus dk Hkko dgkaW pyk x;k Fkk\
ftlus ifjokj dk fgr ugha lkspk oks jk"Vª dk fgr Hkyk dHkh
lksp ldrk gS\
dgha ,slk rks ugha fd jes'k LokFkZ dks gh R;kx vkSj ysus dks gh nsuk
le> cSBk Fkk\
oSls rks fn[kkos ds fy, jes'k us ogh ckr dgh] tks okYehdh
firk dh lsok vFkok mldh vkKk ds ikyu ds
jkek;.k dgrh gS fd& ****firk
leku dksbZ Hkh nwljk èkeZ ugha gSA**

ysfdu] fdUrq] ijUrq---ijUrqd ;g gS fd jes'k vius dFkukuqlkj dk;Z djrk dgkWa gS\
gkW]a vxj jes'k viuh lkSry
s h ekWa vkSj cguksa dks nSfud HkkLdj dk 25
Qhlnh fgLlk] rFkk vius firk dh olh;r ds vuqlkj muds gd dh
lEifÙk] vius pkpk egs'k vkSj muds iq= lat; dks mudk 30 Qhlnh
118

fgLlk vkSj vius fnoaxr pkpk fo'EHkj ds iq=ksa dks mudk 30 izfr'kr
fgLlk nsdj [kqn dks }kjdk izlkn dk diwr ugha liwr] dkdkvksa dk lPpk
Hkrhtk vkSj cguksa dk lPpk HkkbZ lkfcr dj ldrk gSA
vxj jes'k ,slk dj ns] rks dg ldrs gSa fd mldh dFkuh vkSj
djuh ,d gSA ysfdu ,slk rks jes'k dj ugha jgkA fir`&HkfDRk] ekr`&HkfDRk
vkSj ns'k HkfDRk dk <ksy ihVus okys jes'k us viuksa dh laifRr dks bruh
funZ;rk vkSj cs'kehZ ls gM+i fy;k fd cM+s ls cM+k LokFkhZ Hkh nkaWrksa rys
maxyh nck ysxkA og rks insZ ds vkxs dqN] insZ ds ihNs dqNA og rks dcz
esa iSj yVdkus dh--- 65 lky dh mez esa Hkh tSls èku&nkSyr ij ukx
dq.Myh ekj dj cSBrk gS] oSls gh lcdk gd ekjdj cSBk gqvk gSA
vius firk ds vkn'kks]± bPNkvksa vkSj fu.kZ;ksa dk lEeku dHkh ugha
fd;k jes'k usA tks [kqn rks o"kks± rd vius ekW]a cki] cgu vkSj pkpk ds fny
dks nq[kkrk jgk vkSj vc ogh nwljksa dks vius ekrk&firk dh lsok djus
dh lh[k ns jgk gSA vjs] tks viuksa dks u ns ldk] viuksa dh lsok u dj
ldk] og xSjksa dks D;k nsxk vkSj D;k lsok djsxk\ ik[k.Mh dgha dkA tc
viuksa us gh ywVk rks&

nq'euksa dh D;k t:jr&
mlus viuksa dks bl dnj nnZ fn;k fd mudks dHkh nq'euksa dh deh
eglwl ugha gqbAZ mldh vkW[a ksa gSa ij og lPpkbZ ugha ns[k ik jgk gSA mlds
dku gS]a ij bls fdlh dh nnZ Hkjh djkgsa lqukbZ ugha iM+ jgh gSAa mldh
laons uk 'kwU; gks pqdh Fkh D;ksfa d%&

fnu esa NwVrk gS D;k\ og rks vax&izR;ax xykdj gh jgrk gSA
egkohj Lokeh dgrs gSa %&
**vrhr esa tSlk Hkh dqN deZ fd;k x;k gS] Hkfo"; esa og mlh :i esa
mifLFkr gksrk gSA**
cxqyk pyk gal dh pkyA blfy, vc cl jes'k rqels ;gh
dguk ckdh jg x;k gS fd&
gs cxqykk-- -- ga l dk os'k cukdj] dkSos ds fuUnuh; dkeksa dks er
djA
vius vki dks èkeZ vkSj U;k; dh ewfrZ fn[kkus dk Lokax djus
okyh bl ?kVuk ls geus lh[kk%&

lQyrk dk ,d vkSj dfy;qxh QaMk
jes'kh&QaMk ;g gS fd%& vxj fny ls èkkfeZd u Hkh gka]s rc Hkh
èkkfeZd (nsork) cuus dk vfHku; djuk pkfg,A ysfdu [kqn dks vius
*ik[k.Mh* gksus dk iDdk irk Hkh gksuk pkfg,A ;kn jgs fd%& D;k fn[krk
gS] bl ij izfr"Bk bruh fuHkZj ugha djrh gS] ftruh dh D;k fNik;k gS]
bl ijA blls ykSfdd lQyrk dk *jes'kh&QaMk* ;s gekjs gkFk vk;k
fd&
**ges'kk usd fn[ksaA**
blfy, ykSfdd lQyrk ds bl jes'kh QaMs dh dkV gS%&
^^^^fcuk
fcuk [kwc [kaxkys] tkaWps&ij[ks] fdlh dks usd er ekuksA**
A **

iRFkj D;k ilhtsxk\
blfy,---- jes'k dh bl ckr dk ,srokj D;k\ jes'k vkSj
fo'okl] bu nksuksa dk vkil esa nwj&nwj rd dksbZ lacèk ugha gSA ;s rks gkFkh
ds nkar gS]a tks [kkus ds vkSj] fn[kkus ds vkSjA ;g rks ogh ckr gqbZ fd ukS
lks pwgs [kkdj fcYyh gt dks pyhA vjs] ftUnxh Hkj dk dks<+ dgha ,d

dfyuk;d

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120

vkBokWa vè;k;

lacaèkksa dh gR;k
jes'kpUnz vxzoky 'kk;n fdlh tUe esa vfregRokdka{kh lkezkT;oknh
jktk jgk gks] exj mldh vkt dh iqutZUe dh gjdrsa ;gh crkrh gSa fd
og dy] cy&Ny o vèkeZ ls viuk lkezkT; cukus okyk Øwj 'kkld
jgk gksxkA exj og o`rklqj] ujdklqj] efg"kklqj] jko.kklqj] HkLeklqj
bu lcksa ls T;knk [krjukd ugha gSA

la;qDr ifjokj dk fo?oald jes'k
egs'k dkdk >kWalh esa lhfer gks x;k vkSj fo'kEHkj dks tcyiqj
o vklikl ncksp fn;k x;kA mudh jksth jksVh ogha rd lhfer gks xbZA
fd'kksjh vkSj mudh csfV;ksa dks dksbZ txg ulhc ugha gqbZ] os xqeukeh ds
dksgjs esa dgha [kksus foo'k gks xb±A
jes'k us vius LokFkZ dh dSaph ls lkjs fj'rs ukrksa dks dqrj MkykA
jes'k us ,d la;qDr fgUnq ifjokj dks] lacaèkksa dks bl rjg ls pjejkdj
j[k fn;k fd viusiu dk izxkM+ foèkku gh iaxq gks x;kA Hkkjrh; laLd`fr
ds vkn'kZ la;qDr fgUnw ifjokj ds vkn'kZ ij rjDdh dk cqyMkstj dSls
pyk fn;k\ fj'rksa ds chp dSaph dSls pyh] vkbZ,] bls tkusa%&

tku cpkrh gqbZ nj&nj HkVdus yxhA jes'k us viuh cgu gseyrk dks
bruk vkrafdr dj fn;k fd jes'k ds lkjs xqukgksa dks dkuwu ds lkeus
ykuk rks nwj og viuh o vius firk dh tku cpkus esa yxh jghA fdlh
ds lkFk "kM;a=ksa dk ,d yack flyflyk pyrk jgs rks ;gh gksxkA
gseyrk flj u mBk lds] blfy, gseyrk us ftl O;fDr ds
lkFk dke fd;k] tks O;kikj fd;k] mldks vius lkFk feykdj] [kjhndj
gseyrk ls vyx djok fn;kA iqfyl esa gseyrk ds f[kykQ >wBh fjiksVs±
ntZ dhA bruk fodjky gS jes'kA bl ?kVuk ls geus lh[kk%&

lQyrk dk ,d vkSj dfy;qxh QaMk
jes'kh QaMk%& fot; ikdj fuf'pUr er gksA detksj nq'eu dks Hkh
utjvan, kt er djksA dksbZ nq.'eu NksVk (nqcy
Z ) ugha. gksrkA os vUnj gh
vUnj lkft'k dh rS;kjh djrs gq, lgh oDr dk bartkj dj jgsa gSAa blls
ykSfdd lQyrk dk jes'kh QaMk ;s gekjs gkFk vk;k fd&
**'k=q dks tM+ ls m[kkM+s fcuk mUufr ughaA**

vcyk thou&

gseyrk dh izfrHkk eDdkj jes'k ds eu esa uQjr Hkjus yxhA
tc&tc gseyrk mls izfrLièkhZ utj vkrh] rc&rc mlds eu dh
uQjr c<+rh tkrhA

}kjdk dh vFkhZ mBrs gh jes'k ls dkuwuh yM+kbZ yM+us ds fy,
,d etcwr i{kèkj dk var gks pqdk FkkA
firk dh e`R;q i'pkr vkt gseyrk xqeukeh dh ohjku lh
ftUnxh th jgh gS] xqeukeh ds vaèkssjs esa mUgsa Mkyus okyk gS jes'kpanz
vxzokyA fdlh dks ,d vcyk dh fpUrk Hkh D;k! og pkgs ft;s ;k ejsA
}kjdk izlkn dh vkRek vkt Hkh rM+i jgh gSA mls rc rd 'kkafr
ugha feysxh] tc rd fd mudh iRuh fd'kksjh vkSj csfV;ksa gseyrk vkSj
vuqjkèkk dks nSfud HkkLdj dk 25 Qhlnh fgLlk vkSj olh;r ds
vuqlkj laifÙk ugha lkSai nh tkrhA

gseyrk dk flj dqpyk&

ukjh dk Jki fy;k----

gseyrk dFkk

;= uk;ZLrq iwT;ars jears r= nsork---- ;s Hkkjrh; laLd`fr dh

}kjdk izlkn dh iq=h gseyrk vius chekj firk dks ysdj viuh

dfyuk;d

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122

,

lksp gSA tgkWa ukjh dh iwtk gksrh gS] ogkWa nsorkvksa dk fuokl gksrk gSA
ysfdu nSfud HkkLdj dks viuh futh laink cukus ds pDdj esa jes'kpUnz
vxzoky us èkeZ ds bl fl¼kar dks feV~Vh esa feyk fn;kA
mlus vius firk dh nwljh thou&lafxuh dks ctk; ekrk ekuus
ds] lkSrsysiu ds tgjhys&us=ksa ls ns[kkA jes'k us lkSrsykiu fn[kk;kA
jes'k eu gh eu lksprk gS&
gseyrk vkSj vuqjkèkk rks esjh lkSrsyh cgusa gSaA esjh dykbZ ij jk[kh
ckaWèkusa ls ;s D;k esjh lxh cgu cu xbZa\ viuh lxh cguksa dks gh eSa dkSu
lk fgLlk nsrk gwWa] tks fd gsek vkSj vuqjkèkk dks nwaxkA
gkaW]gkaW] esjk cpiu fd'kksjh eka dh xksn esa [ksyk i<+k&c<+k rks D;k
gqvkA ftls eSa thou Hkj NksVh ekaW dgrk Fkk] vc rks eSa vius LokFkZ ds fy,
lcls dgrk jgwWaxk fd& fd'kksjh nsoh }kjdk izlkn dh iRuh ugha] j[kSy
gSA j[kSy ls tUeh csfV;ka esjh cgusa ugha gks ldrhA rks fgLlk fdl ckr
dk\
;g jes'k ds fo"kSys bjknksa dk gh urhtk Fkk fd mlus *HkkLdj
dh ta x * thrus ds fy, fd'kksjh nsoh dks }kjdk izlkn vxzoky dh nwljh
iRuh ekuus ls badkj dj fn;kA ;g ukfj;ksa ds vieku dh barsgk FkhA
;g Fkk jes'k dk O;ogkj fd ekuork Hkh **gk;** djus yxh]
mlds Hkh jksaxVs [kM+s gks x;sA izse esa og rkdr gS tks lkjs fxys&f'kdoksa dks
feVkdj ijk;ksa dks Hkh viuk cuk ysrk gSA ;gh izse vxj jes'k ds catj
ls lhus esa mBs rks D;k ls D;k gks tk,\
j'rksa dks ckaèkus okyh LokFkZ dh jLlh ls
lh[k ;gh gS fd fj'rks
etcwr jLlh dksbZ ughaA

dfyuk;d

123

ukSaok vè;k;

dqlaLdkjksa dh tehu ij
j[kh] laLdkj&oSyh dh
cqfu;kn
jes'k èkks[ksckt lg ?kksVkysckt Hkh gSA og rks vkyjkmaMj gSA blfy,
;g rks r; gS fd jes'k fcu lwuh gkgkdkj dgkuhA ,d <jsZ ij pyus dh
vknr iM+us ds dkj.k jes'k rks lj ls iSj rd eSVj gh eSVj gSA ;g xkFkk
gS fujs LokFkZ dh] u iq#"kkFkZ dh] u ijekFkZ dhA
Hkksiky] bUnkSj] Xokfy;j vkSj jk;iqj vkfn ij dCts ds ckn egs'k
dkdk >kWalh esa lhfer gks x;k Fkk vkSj fo'kaHkj dks tcyiqj ds vklikl
ncksp fy;k x;k FkkA ysfdu djksM+ksa dekus ds ckn jes'k #dk ughaA bl
?kVuk ls geus lh[kk%&

lQyrk dk ,d vkSj dfy;qxh QaMk
ykSfdd lQyrk dk jes'kh QaMk ;s gkFk vk;k fd&
**fot; ds ckn lqLrkvks er**
reke xksj[k èkaèkksa dks vktekrs&vktekrs ,d fnu jes'k us ?kj dh
egfQy esa lcdks cqykdj ?kks"k.kk dh %&
^^ eSa **'kkjnk nsoh pSfjVscy VªLV^^ cukuk pkgrk gwAWa eSa ^^dLrwjh nsoh
VªLV^^ Hkh cukuk pkgrk gwAWa blesa esjs lkFk iq= lqèkhj] fxjh'k o iou rFkk
mudh iRuh] Øe'k% T;ksfr] uferk o fufdrk] lc ds lc 'kkfey gksxa As
fQygky dy ;kuh 15 tqykbZ 2004 dks gesa VªLV ds uke ls xzke
panuiqjk dh 37-13 ,dM+ Hkwfe 66]83]400 #i;s esa [kjhnuh gSA ^^
124

cM+h cgw dh gSfl;r ls T;ksfr us iwNk%& ysfdu ikik th] vHkh rd VªLV
dk jftLVª's ku ugha gqvk] tehu ^dSl^s [kjhnsxa s vkSj ^fdlls^ [kjhnsxa \s
jes'k us dgk%& ^^cgwjkuh] rqe bruk er lkspksA ;s ns[kuk esjk dke gSA
ge mYVh xaxk cgk,axAs eSa tSlk dgrk gw]aW rqe cl oSlk djrh tkvksA ^^

ds] ns'k esa jgus okys fdl 'k[l esa bruk ne gS] tks jes'k&ifjokj dks
bl vijkèk dh ltk fnyok lds\ gS dksbZ ekaW dk yky] tks dkuwu dh
vkc: cpk ys\

csVk gqvk ugha] ysfdu ukedj.k
laLdkj dj fn;k

iVokjh gYdk uEcj 40 rglhy gqtwj dh mDr Hkwfe lu
1955 esa eks- ute oYn lS;n ewlk vyh ds uke ij ntZ gqbZ FkhA pWwafd
ckfyx gksus ij gh Hkw&vfHkys[k esa uke ntZ gksrk gSA bl fglkc ls eksute dh mez o"kZ 2004 esa 69 o"kZ gksuh pkfg,] tcfd jftLVªh ds
le; bl Hkw&foØsrk dh mez yxHkx 50 o"kZ crkbZ xbZ gSA
loky mBrk gS fd eks-ute 19 lky NksVk dSls gks x;k\ mez
dksbZ iSaV gS fd tc pkgs NksVh dj nhA blls irk pyrk gS fd QthZ
O;fDr us mDr tehu csph gSA fdjk;s dk Hkw&foØsrk cukdj iath;u
djkuk dksbZ NksVk&eksVk QthZokM+k ugha FkkA deky dj fn;kA èkksrh dks
#eky fn[kk fn;kA
ysfdu yxrk gS fd jes'k dks bl vijkèk dk n.M Hkh dHkh ugha
feysxkA jes'k ls iaxk ysxk dkSu] mls djsxk uaxk dkSu\

jes'k ds lkspus vkSj djus ds eè; T;knk Qklyk ugha gksrkA bl
izdkj VªLV dk jftLVªs'ku gqvk ugha] ysfdu mlds igys 15 tqykbZ
2004 dks ml VªLV ds uke ls panuiqjk dh tehu [kjhn yh xbZA rks
,slh Fkh] jes'k dh yhyk]ftles gqvk--- [kwc dkyk&ihykAA

VªLV jftLVªs'ku esa ?kiyk
tehau [kjhnus ds ckn jes'k dh bPNk ds vuqlkj **'kkjnk nsoh
pSfjVscy VªLV^^dks iath;d] ifCyd VªLV] Hkksiky esa iathd`r (registered) djok;k x;kA rkjh[k 17 fnlEcj] 2004 FkhA blh rjg
nwljk ^^dLrwjh nsoh VªLV^^ 10 ekpZ] 2007 dks Hkksiky esa jftLVMZ
gqvkA
jes'k us bu VªLVksa ds jftLVª's ku dh csyk esa gh >wB dk lgkjk
fy;kA mlus lR; fNikdj jftLVª's ku djk;kA jes'k dh vkKkdkfj.kh cgw
vkSj eq[; U;klh T;ksfr vxzoky us 'kiFki= fn;k fd VªLV ds ikl dksbZ
vpy laifÙk ugha gSA VªLVksa ds jftLVªs'ku ds le; jes'k us VªLV dh
66-68 yk[k dh Hkw&laifÙk dk C;kSjk ugha fn;kA bl 'kiFk i= ij
jes'k lfgr lkr VªfLV;ksa (rhu csVksa&cgqvksa) us gLrk{kj fd;sA

VSDl pksjh ds fy, jftLVªs'ku ds oDr NqikbZ
vpy laifÙk dh tkudkjh
vpy laifÙk dk [kqyklk u dj jes'k us dkuwu dk [kqYye&[kqYyk
mYya?ku fd;kA ysfdu loky mBrk gS& jke&d`".k vkSj xkaWèkh& lqHkk"k

dfyuk;d

125

QthZ O;fDr ls [kjhnh tehu

VªLV }kjk [kjhnh tehu dk MkaWokMksy bfrgkl
VªLV us ftl tehu dh [kjhnh dh gS] ljdkjh fjdkWMZ ds
vuqlkj og tehu o"kZ 1932 esa e-iz- 'kklu ds uke ij] 1950&52
esa eksgEen Qtyqj jgeku ds uke ij] 1954&1962 esa eksgEen
ute oYn lS;n ewlk vyh ds uke ij o"kZ 2004 esa eks- uthe oYn
eksglhu vyh ds uke ij FkhAA
ftyk iath;d dk;kZy; esa eksgEen Qty ds uke ls
eksgEen ute dks tehu dc jftLVMZ gqbZ] ;g vc rd ,d jgL;
gSA ftlds mtkxj gksus ij ,d vkSj ?kksVkyk mtkxj gks tk,xkA
jftLVª's ku ds ckn jes'k ds lkeus ,d leL;k vk xbZA ljdkj dh
126

;kstuk Fkh fd mDr Hkwfe dks gfjr Hkwfe (xzhu ySaM) ?kksf"kr fd;k tk,A
blfy, ml ij dkaØhV dh bekjr cukuk laHko ugha FkkA vkb, ns[ksa]
jes'k us bl leL;k dk lekèkku dSls fd;k\

gfj;kyh iSnk gksus ls igys ekj nh xbZ
;s nqfu;k gjh Hkjh jgs] blh esa nqfu;k dh HkykbZ gS] ;s ckr jes'k
dks le> esa ugha vkbZA HkkLdj lewg us ml Hkwfe dks gfjr Hkwfe ?kksf"kr
djus ds igys py jgs ljdkj ds izLrko dks ukSdj'kkgksa vkSj vkyk
eaf=;ksa ij ncko Mkydj jn~n djk fn;kA okg js gfj;kyh ds nq'euA
23 twu 2005 dks vkokl i;kZoj.k foHkkx us jes'k ds ncko
esa vkdj vkns'k tkjh dj mDr Hkwfe dks gfjr Hkwfe ds izLrko ls eqDr
dj fn;kA fQj ml ij daØhV dh bekjr cukbZA vkSj uke j[kk&
laLdkj oSyhA

?kiys&?kksVkys dh cqfu;kn ij [kksyk
fo
|k dk eafnj
fo|k
HkkLdj lewg ds yksxksa us VªLV ds ^iath;u^ ls ysdj *laLdkj&oSyh
*^Ldwy** cukus rd ?kksVkys ij ?kksVkys fd;sA
bl izdkj dqlaLdkjksa* dh tehu ij j[kh xbZ*laLdkj&oSyh* dh
cqfu;knA cPpksa dks laLd`fr&laLdkj dk ikB i<+kus okys yksxksa dh ;g
nksgjh pky] pfj= vkSj psgjk FkkA tks vc vkids lkeus gSA
laLdkj oSyh dh vkM+ esa fdruk cM+k dM+ok lp Nqik gS] ;s
èkhjs&èkhjs gh yksx tkusaxs] exj jes'k dks ;g ugha Hkwyuk pkfg;s fd bZ'oj
dk 'kklu lkjs dkuwu ls cM+k gksrk gSA jes'k ds ikiksa dk HkkWaMk tc QwVsxk
rks ,sls QwVxs k dh jes'k ds fy, reke ^mikfèk;kaW^ lqfuf'pr gks tk;saxhA

vk;dj foHkkx dks yxk;k pwuk
lw= crkrs gSa fd eks- ute us 15 tqykbZ 2004 esa csph xbZ jde
dk vk;dj ugha pqdk;kA blls fl¼ gksrk gS fd og QthZ O;fDr Fkk] mls
okLro esa iSls feys gh ughaA og rks egt jes'k ds }kjk iath;u ds n¶rj
esa fdjk, ij [kM+k fd;k x;k] dfFkr *Hkw&foØsrk* FkkA
blds ckn jes'k ds lkeus ,d leL;k vkSj vk xbZA dfy;klksr ckaWèk
dk ikuh ,d ukys ls gksdj vklikl xqtjrk FkkA mlls laLdkj oSyh dks
dSls cpk;k tk,\ vkb, ns[ksa] ';kM+as jes'k us bl leL;k dk lekèkku
dSls fd;k\

ukys dk ekxZ xSj dkuwuh <ax ls cnyk
laLdkj oSyh dks dfy;klksr ckWaèk ds ikuh ls cpkus ds fy, ,d ukys
dk ekxZ Hkh fu;e ds fo#¼ Mk;oVZ fd;k x;kA
jes'k us lkjs Hkz"V ra= dks dkcw esa dj crk fn;k gS fd og fdruk cM+k
^^fgMu ,MfefuLVªsVj^^ gSA

dfyuk;d

127

128

nlokWa vè;k;

la x&nks " k

nwljksa ds ekfydkuk gd dh ;gkaW dh 9-52 ,dM+ tehu
nSfud HkkLdj lewg ds yksxksa us gM+i yhA gM+i dj fQj%&
ml ij nks eaftyk vkyh'kku dkWyksuh] *vkfnR; ,osU;w* dk
fuekZ.k dj MkykA

fdlus Mkyk Mkdk\
jes'k dk u;k eksgjk& Hkjr
ljxukvksa ds ljxuk] dfy;qx ds uk;d *dfyuk;d* jes'k ds fy,
iq= lqèkhj] fxjh'k vkSj iou de iM+ jgs Fks] vfHkdj.k (,tsalh) viw.kZ
yx jgk Fkk] blfy, pkSFks vfHkdrkZ (,tsaV) dh t:jr iM+ xbZA blfy,
[kydk.Mksa ds egkuk;d ^dfyuk;d^ us Hkjr vxzoky dks viuk
nÙkd iq= ?kksf"kr dj HkkLdj dk dk;Zdkjh lapkyd cuk fn;kA blls
dfyuk;d ds rjk'ks **Hkjr** ij dfyuk;d ds jkLrs ij pyus dk
nkf;Ro vk x;kA

tSlk *lax*] oSlk *jax*
gs *Hkjr*! eq>s irk py x;k gS fd rqEgkjs laxh&lkFkh dkSu
gSa\ rqe rks jes'k ds nRrd iq= dgs tkrs gksA blfy, vc eq>s ;s
crkus esa dksbZ eqf'dy ugha gS fd& rqe dkSu gks\
gs Hkjr! fnu&jkr nq"Vksa ds lax jgrs gksA os rqEgas ujd esa
tkus ds fy, rS;kj dj jgs gSaA
*nSfud HkkLdj* lewg ds ljxuk jes'k dh laxr esa jgdj]
erokys Hkjr us Hkwfe ?kksVkys dks dSls vatke fn;k\ vkb;s] vc ;s tkurs
gSa %&

xjhcksa dh tehu ij Mkdk&
Hkksiky esa yky ?kkVh] ,;jiksVZ jksM ij xkaèkh esfMdy dkWyst
dh dkWyksuh ls yxh ykÅ[ksMh xkWao dh iVokjh gYdk uEcj 23 dh
tehu ij nSfud HkkLdj lewg dh VsM+h utj iM+hA vkSj--dfyuk;d
129

nSfud HkkLdj i= lewg ds lapkyd Hkjr vxzoky dh dEiuh
vkj-ds- bUosLVesUV usA jes'k us bl eksgjs dks viuh foNkbZ folkr ij
dke djus ds fy, eSnku esa vkxs c<+k;k FkkA

tehu dk vlyh ekfyd dkSu\
13 twu 1969 dks iathd`r gqbZ ^^jk"Vªh; mRFkku x`g fuekZ . k
lgdkjh laLFkk** us 3 tqykbZ 1982 dks mDr Hkwfe [kjhnh FkhA
mlh o"kZ laLFkk us Hkw[kaM dkVdj 152 lnL;ksa dh jftLVª h dh
vkSj mudk uke iVokjh vfHkys[k esa fofèkor ntZ gqvkA ;s gh lnL; bl
tehu ds vlyh ekfyd FksA
blds ckn o"kZ 1996 esa mi iath;d lgdkjh laLFkk Hkksiky
us dfri; vkjksiksa ds vkèkkj ij bl laLFkk dks Hkax dj fn;k FkkA
o"kZ 2002 es a mi ia t h;d lgdkjh la L Fkk Hkks i ky us
ofj"B lgdkjh fujh{kd ih-,u- lks u kfu;k dks la L Fkk dk
ifjlekid cuk fn;kA

tehu gM+ius ds gfFk;kj &
1- èkks[kkèkM+hA
2- ncko dk bLrsekyA
3- vfèkdkfj;ksa dk lPpk lkFkA
bu voSèk gfFk;kjksa ds gksus ls ekuks jes'k dks tehu gM+ius dk
yk;lsal fey x;kA
130

dSls gksrs jgs ?kiys&nj&?kiys\
lgdkfjrk fujh{kd lksukfu;k us 30 ekpZ 2002 dks
mDr Hkwfe dh jftLVªh vkj-ds- bUosLVesUV daiuh ds uke ls dj nhA
daiuh dh vksj ls mDr tehu dks MkW- Hkjr vxzoky vkSj
foèkk;d 'ks[kj pkSèkjh us [kjhnkA foØ;i= esa fy[kk gS fd mDr lkslk;Vh
dh tehu dks ih-,u- lksukfu;k dks cspus dk vfèkdkj gSA
oLrq f LFkfr ;s gS fd mDr tehu lks l k;Vh dh lEifÙk
Fkh gh ugha A og rks lks l k;Vh ds }kjk igys gh lnL;ks a dks
foØ; dh tk pq d h FkhA blfy, mDr foØ;i= dks fujLr djk;s
cxS j mUgs a cs p us dk vfèkdkj ih-,u- lks u kfu;k dks ugha FkkA fQj
Hkh lks u kfu;k us cs x kuh 'kknh es a vCnq Y yk nhokuk cu dj nq Y gu
ls [kq n gh 'kknh dj yhA
ftudk uke iVokjh vfHkys[k esa mDr tehu ds ekfyd ds :i
esa ntZ FkkA mUgsa lwpuk fn;s cxSj gh tehu dk ukekarj.k vij rglhynkj
ds }kjk Hkjr vxzoky dh *uVojykykuk* dEiuh vkj-ds- bUosLVesUV ds
uke ij dj fn;k x;kA tks fd uohu ukekarj.k fu;e&27 dk ljklj
mYya?ku FkkA

djksM+ksa dh lEifÙk vkSus&ikSus nke esa
dksvWkijsfVo vkWfQlj lksukfu;k uksVksa dk ykyph FkkA
lksukfu;k us djksM+kas #i, ewY; dh lfefr dh leLr (9-52
,dM+) Hkwfe vkSus&ikSus nke esa csp nh vkSj djksM+ksa dk deh'ku [kqn Mdkj
fy;kA ,slk yxrk gS fd lksukfu;k us cpiu esa ekaW dk nwèk ugha cfYd
Hkz"Vkpkj dk lhji fi;k FkkA
lgdkfjrk fujh{kd lksukfu;k us vius in vkSj ifjlekid dh
gSfl;r dk nq#i;ksx laLFkk ds lnL;ksa dks gkfu igqWapkdj ;kstukc¼
rjhds ls fd;kA
dfyuk;d
131

blfy, lQyrk dk jes'kh&QaMk ;gh gS fd& **FkSyh yxk,] lks
FkSyk ik,A**

ljdkj dks fQj yxk;k pwuk
ftl frfFk esa jftLVªh dh xbZ] ml fnu dysDVj xkbM ykbu ds
vuqlkj Hkwfe dk ewY; 56 yk[k 70 gtkj FkkA blfy, 26 yk[k de
dher esa tehu cspus ds fy, 'kklu Lrj ij vuqefr ysuh Fkh]
ysfdu ,slk ugha fd;k x;kA blls 'kklu dks 26 yk[k dk pwuk yx
x;kA

,Q-vkbZ-vkj- ntZ
jk"Vªh; mRFkku x`gfuekZ.k lgdkjh lfefr ds iwoZ vè;{k us jkT;
vkfFkZd vUos"k.k C;wjks esa lksukfu;k vkfn ds f[kykQ ,Q-vkbZ-vkjntZ djkbZA C;wjks us vijkèk Øa- 28103 èkkjk 120 ch- Hkk-n-l- 13
(1) ih-lh- ,DV ds rgr izdj.k dk;e dj fn;kA

Hkz"Vkpkjh lksukfu;k gqvk fuyfEcr
voSèk :i ls Hkwfe foØ; ds tfj, xaHkhj vfu;ferrk cjrus ds
ekeys esa jkT; vkfFkZd vijkèk vUos"k.k C;wjks Hkksiky }kjk vijkèk
iathc¼ gqvk rks vk;qDr ,oa iath;d lgdkjh laLFkk,a e-iz- Hkksiky ds
}kjk 25 vizSy 2004 dks lksukfu;k dks fuyafcr dj fn;k x;kA

,l-Mh-,e- us fd;k ukekarj.k fujLr
lfefr ds lnL; ckcw y ky vktkn us vuq f oHkkxh;
vfèkdkjh (utwy) cSjkx<+ ds le{k vij rglhynkj ds xyr ukekarj.k
vkns'k ds fo#¼ vihy nk;j dhA
vihy ij 10 tq y kbZ 2006 dks vuq f oHkkxh;
vfèkdkjh us vij rglhynkj ds }kjk ^jk"Vªh; mRFkku x`g fuekZ.k
132

lgdkjh laLFkk**dks ukekarj.k dk;Zokgh dh lwpuk u nsus ds dkj.k
bl tehu ds vkj-ds- bUosLVesUV ds uke ij fd;s ukekarj.k dks
fujLr dj fn;kA

dksVZ us dgk&
^jk"Vªh; mRFkku x`g fuekZ.k lgdkjh laLFkk** ds }kjk lnL;ksa
ds uke ij foØ; i= fu"ikfnr fd;s tkus ds dkj.k Hkwfe ij laLFkk
dk vfèkdkj lekIr gks tkrk gSA
Hkwfe ij laLFkk dk vfèkdkj ugha gksus ls ifjlekid dks
fooknxzLr Hkw[k.M foØ; djus dh vfèkdkfjrk ugha gSA
24 vizSy 2003 dks izFke O;ogkj U;k;kèkh'k oxZ&1
Hkksiky us lfefr ds lnL;ksa ds i{k esa LFkxu vkns'k ikfjr dj Hkwfe dks
;Fkkor j[kus ds funsZ'k fn;sA
ifjlekid lgdkjh fujh{kd ih-,u- lksukfu;k us bl vkns'k
ds fo#¼ ftyk U;k;ky; esa vihy nk;j dhA ftl ij 20 tw u
2003 dks ftyk U;k;ky; us Hkh Hkwfe dh ;FkkfLFkfr cuk;s j[kus dk
vkns'k fn;kA
22 ebZ 2002 dks eks- tgwj o 9 vU; ds }kjk nk;j
O;ogkjokn (la[;k 1 ,@2002) esa l{ke O;ogkj U;k;kèkh'k oxZ&2 us
31 tuojh 2004 dks laLFkk ds lnL;ksa dks mDr Hkwfe dk Lokeh
?kksf"kr djrs gq, izfroknh lgdkfjrk fujh{kd dks vkns'k fn;k fd
mDr Hkwfe ls mUgsa csn[ky u fd;k tk;sA

laLFkk dks Hkax djus dk "kM;U= vlQy
4 vDVwcj 96 dks mi iath;d us laLFkk dks fcuk lqu]s fcuk
tkap fd;s ,d i{kh; rjhds ls Hkax dj ih-,u- lksukfu;k dks ifjlekid
fu;qDr dj fn;kA
dfyuk;d
133

laLFkk us viuh ifjlekiu dh dk;Zokgh ds fo#¼ la;qDr
iath;d lgdkjh laLFkk ds U;k;ky; esa vihy dhA
la;qDr iath;d oh-,l- okLdsy us 12 vDVwcj 2004 dks
vius vkns'k esa mi iath;d ds vkns'k dks xyr crkrs gq, fujLr dj
fn;kA lkFk gh u;s pquko djus dk vkns'k fn;kA
vkbZ,] vc ns[ksa Hkz"Vra= dh dkjxqtkjh ;kuh ge Hkz"Vu ds Hkz"V
gekjs &

utwy 'kk[kk dh èkwrZrk
dysDVj Hkksiky mDr U;k;ky;hu izdj.k esa izfroknh FkkA blfy,
mls U;k;ky;hu LFkxu vkns'k dh tkudkjh FkhA fQj Hkh dysDVj
Hkksiky dh utwy 'kk[kk us HkkLdj lewg dks bl 'krZ ds lkFk vukifÙk
izek.k i= (NOC) tkjh fd;k fd ;fn bl Hkwfe ls lacafèkr dksbZ
okn&fookn U;k;ky; esa fopkjkèkhu gqvk rks ;g ,u-vks-lh- fujLr
ekuh tk;sxhA tkfgj gS fd U;k;ky;hu LFkxu vkns'k dh tkudkjh ds
ckctwn dysDVªsV dh utwy 'kk[kk us HkkLdj lewg ds ncko esa vkdj
dksVZ ds vkns'k dh voekuuk djrs gq, èkwrZrk ls mDr ,u-vks-lh- iznku
dhA

U;k;ky;hu vkns'kksa dh nqnZ'kk
mDr U;k;ky;hu vkns'kksa ds ckotwn] daiuh& vkj-ds- bUosLVesUV
us xqipqi <ax ls jktLo fjdkMZ esa Hkwfe vius uke djk yhA vkSj lkFk
gh%&
Hkwfe dk mi;ksx d`f"k dh ctk; vkoklh; djus dk vkosnu
yxk fn;kA foèkk;d 'ks[kj pkSèkjh us rRdkyhu vkokl i;kZoj.k ea=h
jkds'k pkSèkjh ls mDr Hkwfe dks vkoklh; djk fy;kA
Hkwfe ds vkoklh; gksrs gh HkkLdj lewg ds yksxksa us QVkQV
MqIySDl caxys cuk dj csp MkysA
134

gkbZdksVZ fu.kZ;
mPp U;k;ky; tcyiqj us vihy Ø-&208@2005 esa 18 uoEcj
2005 dks izkjafHkd lquokbZ ds ckn foØ; ds lacaèk esa vkxkeh rkjh[k
rd ;FkkfLFkfr cuk, j[kus dk vkns'k fn;k gSA

vc gksxk D;k\
nks eaftyk vkyh'kku dkWyksuh] *vkfnR; ,osU;w* esa jgus okys
jgrs jgsaxs] lfefr ds csn[ky vlyh ekfyd eqdnek yM+rs jgsaxsA

firk&iq= laokn
,d fnu Hkjr] jes'k ds lkFk cSBk pk; ds di esa efnjk ih jgk FkkA
jes'k us Hkjr ls iwNk& Hkjr] oh vkj xzsVA rqe crkvks] rqEgkjk dke dSlk
py jgk gS\
Hkjr& firkJh] eSaus rks vkidh gkch dks viuk dSfj;j pquk] rks eq>s
dkgs dh fpUrkA oSls Hkh ckbZ cFkZ esjk ekbUM FkksM+k fuxsfVo dke djrk gSA
vkidh ikj[kh utj eq> ij iM+h rks eSa èkU; gks x;kA vkids vk'khokZn
ls eSa ykm[ksM+h xkao dh tehu dks gM+idj ml ij nks eaftyk vkfnR;
,osU;w cukdj csp pqdk gWawA
jes'k& ;s vkVZ rqeesa vk;k dgkWa ls\
Hkjr& ;g ,d izdkj dk bUQsD'ku gS] tks vkils gh VªkalQj gqvk
gS firkJhA
jes'k& ;s crkvks fd vkfnR; ,osU;w dh cSdxzkmUM fgLVªh D;k gS\
Hkjr& fgLVªh tkuksxs rks dgha vkidks fgLVhfj;k dk nkSjk u iM+ tk,A
jes ' k (galrs gq,)& bruh vklkuh ls gekjk fnekx ugha fcxM+rkA

viuh dEiuh ds uke djok nh vkSj oks Hkh mUgsa lwpuk fn, cxSjA gS u
èkekdsnkj ,UVªh bl QhYM esa\
jes'k& cks rks Bhd gSA ysfdu vkxs dksbZ fpark dh rks dksbZ ckr ughaA
dkuwu vius Åij rks ykxw ugha gksxk u\
Hkjr& vjs! fcYdqy ughaA edku csp dj eky vUnj dj gh pqds
gSaA ge bl ckr dk izcaèk dj jgs gSa fd ekeys dk fuiVkjk gksrs&gksrs
25&50 lky yx tk;saA rc rd nch fpaxkjh] BUMh gks tk,xhA oSls
Hkh 'kklu&iz'kklu ij gekjk iwjk fu;U=.k gS ghA HkkLdj dh rksi ls] gS
dksbZ tks VDdj ysxk\
rHkh ys[kd dh uhan [kqy xbZ vkSj jes'k&Hkjr okrkZ
vèkwjh gh jg xbZA ysfdu lQyrk dk dfy;qxh QaMk t:j ys[kd ds
gkFk yx x;kA

lQyrk dk ,d vkSj--- dfy;qxh QaMk
**ogh lQy gksrk gS] tks vleFkZ&detksj dh tehu ij Mkdk
Mkyrk gSA **

I am very stone hearted person.

Hkjr& firkJh gqvk ;s fd lgdkjh fujh{kd lksukfu;k rks viuh
fcjknjh dk fudykA ru[okg rks mlus ljdkj ls yh vkSj dke viuk
fd;kA mlus viuh fopkjèkkjk dks viukdj 152 yksxksa dh tehu

dfyuk;d

135

136

X;kjgokWa vè;k;

Mhch ekWy] tehu&?kksVkyk
ns'k&nqfu;k dk fiVk nhokyk
5000 xjhcksa dh >ksifM+;ksa dh dcz
ij [kM+k jes'k dk ekWy
vHkh pan lky igys dh gh rks ckr gS] tc jktèkkuh Hkksiky ds
egkjk.kkizrki uxj fLFkr O;kolkf;d ijh{kk eaMy ds dk;kZy; ls yxh
gqbZ lat; uxj dh ljdkjh Hkwfe ij >qXxh cLrh gqvk djrh FkhA
lat; uxj dh bl tehu ij jgdj >qXxh&>ksiM+h okyksa dks
vPNk lgkjk fey x;k FkkA dkfct >qXxhoklh vklikl dh dkyksfu;ksa ds
?kjksa esa tkdj pkSdhnkjh] ekyh] lkQ&lQkbZ dk dke djrs FksA mudh
chfo;kaW vkSj csfV;kaW >kM+&w iksN
a k] crZu ekWt
a us vkSj diM+s èkksus dk dke
djrh FkhaA dqy feyk ds ;gkaW ds xjhc okf'kUns vklikl gh esgur&etnwjh
dj viuh nks oDr dh jksVh dk tqxkM+ fd;k djrs FksA
ij gk; js gk;----vc ;gkaW vkidks xjhcksa dh pgy&igy ugha
utj vk,xhA D;ks\a
D;ksfa d bl xjhc cLrh dks gVk fn;k x;k gS] jkst dekus [kkus
okyksa ds flj ij tks VkV dh Nr Fkh] og Nhu yh xbZ gSA bu xjhcksa dh
nqfu;k mtM+ xbZ gSA vc oks tehu [kkyh gks xbZ gS vkSj fQj%&
[kkyh gks pqdh tehu ij bu fnuksa vkdk'k dks Nwus okyh
bekjr--- vkyh'kku Mhch flVh ekWy dk fuekZ.k èkMYys ls tkjh gSA
vkSj blhfy, rks vtZ fd;k gS&

dfyuk;d

137

ÅaWph bekjr rys] ^>ksiM+s^ gekjs nc dj ej x,]
jlw[knkj lcds fgLls dks gM+i dj] vkxs c<+ x,A
vc ;g tkuuk ckdh gS fd&
dSls Mhch ekWy us 5000 xjhcksa dks fuxy fy;k\
dSls jes'k us nSfud HkkLdj dh rksi dh ne ij dkSfM+;ksa ds nke
cs'kdherh tehu dks [kjhn fy;k\
dSls xjhcksa dks tehu ls csn[ky djok dj ogkaW Mhch ekWy dk
fuekZ.k 'kq# fd;k\
dSls jes'k us ljdkj dk djksM+kas dk uqdlku fd;k\
vkbZ,] ns[ksa ---- D;k gqvk cscl xjhcksa ds lkFk] dSls fNuk--- jgus vkSj
thus dk vkljk %&

"kM+;a= dh 'kq#vkr dk fnu
2005 ds twu eghus esa vkokl ,oa i;kZoj.k foHkkx ds lfpo
dh vè;{krk esa xfBr Hkw&vkj{k.k lfefr dh cSBd cqykbZ xbZA
Hkw&vkj{k.k lfefr dh cSBd esa lat; uxj dh 5-90 ,dM+
ljdkjh Hkwfe dh fLFkfr vkSj cktkj ewY; dks ns[krs gq, ,d fu.kZ; ikfjr
gqvkA
ikfjr fu.kZ; ds ekQZr ;g r; fd;k x;k fd bl tehu dks
O;kikfjd ((okf.kfT;d)
okf.kfT;d) mi;ksx ds fy, eiz x`g fuekZ.k eaMy (gkmflax
cksMZ) dks vkoaVu gsrq vkjf{kr fd;k tkrk gSA bl vkoaVu ds ckjs esa
dqN 'krs± j[kh xbZ FkhaA

o"kZ 2006 dk vuqcaèk
20 uoacj 2006 dks eiz 'kklu vkSj eiz x`g fuekZ.k eaMy ds chp
ckdk;nk ,d djkj gqvkA nLrkost xokg gS fd eè; izn's k 'kklu us eiz- x`g fuekZ.k eaMy ls bl tehu dk vuqcèa k djrs oDr lHkh fu;e o 'krs±
Li"V dj nh FkhaA
138

djkj dh pkj [kkl 'krs± Fkh %&

eaMy) dks mldk ,d ikbZ eqvkotk Hkh ns; ugha gksxkA vkxs vki i<+axs s fd]
tehu dk r;'kqnk mi;ksx ugha gks ldkA

igyh 'krZ& eaMy Lo;a tehu dk
mi;ksx djsxk
jktLo foHkkx us vDVwcj 2006 esa >qXxhokfl;ksa ls fjDr
djkbZ xbZ lat; uxj dh tehu eè;izns'k x`g fuekZ.k eaMy dks vkoafVr
djus gsrq ,d 'krZ j[khA og 'krZ ;g Fkh fd bl tehu dk mi;ksx x`g
fuekZ.k eaMy Lo;a djsxkA
og djkj dh lksygoha 'kr
'krZ Fkh] ftlesa lkQrkSj ij ;g dgk
x;k Fkk fd ;g tehu vgLrkarj.kh; gSA vk'k; ;g gS fd gkmflax cksMZ
fdlh dks tehu dk gLrkarj.k ugha dj ldrk FkkA
ysfdu vkxs vki i<+saxs fd] ,slk ugha gks ldkA

nwljh 'krZ& eaMy O;kikfjd edln
ls tehu dk mi;ksx djsxk
nwljh 'krZ ;g Fkh fd bl tehu ij og okf.kfT;d mn~ns'; ls
fuekZ.k djsxkA x`g fuekZ.k eaMy Lo;a bl tehu dk mi;ksx okf.kfT;d
mn~ns'; ls dj ldrk FkkA
x`g fuekZ.k eaMy ml tehu dks fdlh nwljs dks csp ugha
ldrk FkkA
ysfdu vkxs vki i<+saxs fd] ,slk gks u ldk
ldkA

rhljh 'krZ& tehu dk r; mi;ksx u gqvk rks tehu
'kklu dks okil
vkoaVu ds fy, ,d 'krZ vkSj Hkh j[kh xbZ FkhA og ;g fd& ;fn bl
tehu dk mi;ksx fuèkkZfjr edln ds fy, ugha fd;k tkrk gS ;k ckn
esa dHkh can dj fn;k tkrk gS rks mDr Hkwfe rFkk ml ij fufeZr Hkouksa
,oa lEifÙk;ksa dks 'kklu vius dCts esa ys ysxkA vkSj vkoaVh (x`g fuekZ.k

dfyuk;d

139

pkSFkh 'krZ&tehu dk 44-78 djksM+
iz h fe;e vkSj 3-35 djksM+ #i, lkykuk fdjk;k
blds rgr jktLo foHkkx us utwy xkbMykbu ds
vkèkkj
ij bl tehu dk Hkw&HkkVd ;kuh fdjk;k fu;r fd;kA tehu dk lkykuk
fdjk;k Fkk& rhu djksM+ 35 yk[k #i, lky
lkyA
fo'ks"k 'krks± ij 44 djksM+ 78 yk[k #i, iz h fe;e ds vkèkkj
ij bl tehu dk LFkkbZ iV~Vk x`g fuekZ.k eaMy dks vkoafVr fd;k FkkA
bl rjg o"kZ 2006&07 ls vkxkeh 30 o"kks± ds fy, bl
Hkwfe dks rhu djksM+ 35 yk[k #i, dh lkykuk nj ls iV~Vs ij fn;k
x;kA
'kklu dh ;s 'krs± dkuwu ds vuqlkj Fkh%&

'krZukes dk vkèkkj
& jsosU;w cqd ldqZyj
vkèkkj&
dh DykWl&26
jsosU;w cqd ldqZyj (:y) dh DykWl&26 esa lkQrkSj ij
dgk x;k gS fd&

tehu vkoaVu dk mn~ns';
ljdkjh tehu dsoy 'kS{kf.kd] lkaLd`frd] èkkfeZd] pSfjVscy
;k lkoZtfud mn~ns'; ds fy, vkoafVr dh tk ldrh gSA
vkoaVu ds mn~ns'; ls brj dk;Z ds fy, mldk gLrkarj.k
oftZr gSA ,slk fd;k tkuk voSèkkfud gSA

fdls ugha feysxh tehu&
izkbosV ikVhZ (O;fDr ;k VªLV) og tehu gkfly djus ds fy, ik=
(bfyftcy) ugha gksaxsA buds fy, vuqefr ugha gSA
1140

dkSu djsxk fodkl

51- 49 djksM+ dh iM+h tehu

tehu dk fodkl (MsOyiesaV) dsoy ljdkjh ,tsalh] jftLVMZ
lkslk;Vh ;k ifCyd VªLV ds ekè;e ls fd;k tk ldrk gSA ysfdu--dkuwu dks èkrk crkdj%&

gkmflax cksMZ dks Hkwfe ds vkoaVu dh nLrkosth rkjh[k 20
uoacj 2006 gSA
mlls igys ;kuh 29 vizSy 2006 dks gh gkmflax cksMZ uss
bldk fofèkor dCtk ys fy;k FkkA
eaMy us ljdkj ds [ktkus esa 44 djksM+ 78 yk[k #i,
(izheh;e) tek fd;kA ;gh ugha] lkFk&
& lkFk%&
Ng djksM+ 71yk[k #i, (fdjk;k) ljdkj dks Hkqxrku Hkh
fd;kA ;g Hkqxrku nks o"kksaZ ;kuh 2006&07 rFkk 2007&08 ds fy,
iV~Vs ds fdjk, (Hkw&HkkVd) ds ,ot esa fd;k x;kA
bl izdkj gkmflax cksMZ us tehu ds isVs jktLOk dks"k esa dqy tek
fd,& 51 djksM+ 49 yk[k #i,A
gkmflax cksMZ us fn;k lkFk] blfy,&

fuèkkZfjr ls vfèkd nh xbZ tehu
ets dh ckr ;s gS fd jsoUs ;w cqd ldqZyj dk #y&26 dgrk
gS fd rhu gtkj oxZQqV ls T;knk {ks=Qy okyk Hkw[k.M fdlh O;fDr
;k edku fuekZ.k ds fy, ugha fn;k tk,xkA
ets dh nwljh ckr ;s Hkh gS fd #y&26ds vuqlkj vkoafVr
Hkw[k.M dks nl o"kZ dh vofèk rd cspk ugha tk ldsxkA ysfdu ;s
D;k\
lat; uxj ds ekeys esa bl fu;e dh èkfTt;kWa mM+k nh xbZA
jes'k HkkbZ lkgc dks ekWy cukus ds fy, rhu gtkj oxZQqV ls dgha T;knk
tehn ns nh xbZA vkSj rks vkSj] lkgc us mls iwjs vkRefo'ckl ds lkFk
cspuk Hkh 'kq: dj fn;kA fdldh etky tks jksd
s \s
bl rjg jes'k dh >ksyh esa Mkyh xbZ 2 yk[k 57 gtkj oxZQqV
tehu fu;e ds nksgjs mYya?ku ds dhpM+ esa luh gqbZ gSA ,d rks mls
fuèkkZfjr ls vfèkd tehu nh xbZ] Åij ls og Mhch ekWy esa fuekZ.kkèkhu
nqdkusa izkstsDV ;wtlZ dks cspdj frtksjh Hkj jgk gSA
pwWafd ljdkj us og tehu gkmflax cksMZ dks nh Fkh] tkfgj lh
ckr gS fd gkmflax cksMZ us ftls og tehu vkoafVr dh] ml ij Hkh mDr
'krZ caèkudkjh Fkh] vc Hkh gS vkSj jgsxhA

fu"d"kZ
mi;qZDr fcUnqvksa ls lkQ gS fd& tehu èkaèks ds fy, drbZ ugha nh
tk ldrh Fkh
FkhA ysfdu blds ckotwn gkmflax cksMZ us tehu Mhch ekWy
dks nsdj Dykl&26 ds ij[kPps mM+k fn,A
dfyuk;d
141

fcuk ljdkjh vuqefr] fd;k lkSnk
vkius ns[kk fd djkj dh igyh 'krZ Fkh& eaMy Lo;a tehu dk
mi;ksx djsxk] nwljh 'krZ Fkh&eaMy O;kikfjd edln ls tehu dk mi;ksx
djsxk vkSj rhljh 'krZ Fkh& tehu dk r; mi;ksx u gqvk rks tehu 'kklu
dks okil gksxhA ysfdu eaMy us rhuksa 'krkasZ ds f[kykQ dke fd;kA
bl tehu dks cspus ds fy, eaMy us jktLo foHkkx ls vuqefr
izkIr ugha dhA bl izdkj vuqefr ds fcuk csp Mkyh ljdkjh tehuA
'krZ tSlh opuc¼rk dks ck,aW gkFk dk f[kykSuk cuk fn;kA lp
rks ;g gS fd jes'k vkSj mlds iwokZxzgh lkfFk;ksa dks 'krZ dk okLrk nsuk
cPpksa dks eD[kh ls Mjkuk ek= gSA

vgLrkarj.kh; Hkwfe---- gLrkarj.kh;
;g lp gS fd gkmflax cksMZ uss gM+cM+h esa mlds ljdkjh
vuqeksnu ds igys gh flrEcj 2005 esa jes'k dks ykHk igapWq kus ds fy,
142

iV~Vk Hkwfe ds gLrkarj.k ds fy, VsUMj cqyk fy,A
blesa pkSd
a kus okyh ckr ;g ugha gS fd gkmflax cksMZ us ljdkj
dk vuqeksnu izkIr fd, cxSj flrEcj 2005 dks ,d futh i{kdkj
dks iV~Vk Hkwfe ds gLrkarj.k ds fy, [kqyh fufonk,a vkeaf=r dhA
;g fufonk] iV~Vk foys[k ds [k.M lksyg dh 'krks± ds vuqlkj
gLrkarj.kh; ugha FkhA blds ckotwn tehu dh jsoM+h jes'k dh tsc eas Mky
nh xbZA ysfdu%&
blesa pkSadkus okyh ckr blfy, ugha gS D;ksafd ns'k dk dksbZ
Hkh dkuwu jes'k ij ugha ykxw gksrk gSA blhfy, eaMy us jkTkLo foHkkx
ls gLrkarj.k dh gjh >aMh ysus ds cnys] ljdkj dks ghs njfdukj dj
fn;kA

64-65 djksM+ #i, esa] fd;k lkSnk
cgjgky] eaMy us cksyh dh jkf'k ds 7-5 izfr'kr ij okf"kZd
iV~Vs ds fdjk, lfgr esllZ vkjds bUosLVesaV izkbosV fyfeVsM dh
mPpre cksyh dks eatjw dj fy;kA
mPpre futh cksyh yxkus okyh bl daiuh dk 64-65 djksM+
#i, dk izLrko ekpZ 2006 esa Lohdkj fd;kA
eaMy us bl daiuh ds lkFk fnlEcj 2006 esa 30 o"kZ ds fy,
Hkwfe gLrkarj.k dk vuqcèa k Hkh fd;kA
bl vuqcaèk ds eqrkfcd Hkwfe ds izhfe;e dk Hkqxrku pj.kc¼
rjhds ls18 ekg ds Hkhrj fd;k tkuk r; gqvkA
gkmflax cksMZ ds vQlj cM+h tYnh esa FksA blfy,&

fcuk ekfyd cus gh csp Mkyh tehu
****Mhch ekWy okyh lat; uxj dh tehu gkmflax cksMZ us fcuk
ekfyd cus gh csp MkyhA ftldh tks pht ugha gS] ml pht dks mlds
}kjk csp Mkyuk] fdrus ets dh ckr gSA rkRi;Z gS fd&
dfyuk;d
143

eè;izn's k x`g fuekZ.k eaMy us Hkwfe dk okLrfod iV~Vk ysus ds
igys gh ;kuh okLrfod vkoaVu ls igys 5-90 ,dM+ tehu fufonk ds
tfj, nSfud HkkLdj lewg dh futh QeZ vkj-ds-bUosLVesVa izk-fy- dks
yht ij ns nhA
bl izdkj ekfydkuk gd u gksrs gq, Hkh Lo;aHkw ekfyd cu cSBs
gkmflax cksMZ us dkuwu dks èkks[kk fn;kA

pksjh&pksjh pqids&pqids
vkoaVu 'krks± dk mYya?ku
vkbus dh rjg lkQ gS fd eè;izns'k x`g fuekZ.k eaMy us tehu
vkoaVu dh 'krks± dk ljklj mYya?ku djrs gq, bl tehu dk Lo;eso
mi;ksx ugha fd;kA
Lo;eso mi;ksx djus ds LFkku ij yht ij vkoafVr bl tehu
dks x`g fuekZ.k eaMy us vijkfèk;ksa dh rtZ ij pqids ls jes'k dh laLFkk
dkss csp MkykA

yht VªkalQj djus dk ugha Fkk vfèkdkj
bl ekeys esa 22 twu 2008 dks rRdkyhu jktLo lfpo us iwjh
izfØ;k dks jn~n djus ds funsZ'k fn, FksA mudk rdZ Fkk fd tehu dks
ftl mn~n's ; ds fy, gkmflax cksMZ ds ftEes fd;k x;k Fkk] oks iwjk ugha
gqvkA gkmflax cksMZ dks ;g vfèkdkj ugha gS fd og yht dks Vªkl
a Qj dj
nsA

vkoaVu 'krks± dk mYya?ku
ku]] ysfdu dk;Zokgh unkjn
;g rks lkQ&lkQ fn[k jgk gS fd x`g fuekZ.k eaMy us
fuèkkZfjr iz;kstu ls gVdj bl Hkwfe dk mi;ksx fd;k ysfdu
vukfèkd`r dCtsnkj ekudj u rks 'kklu us Hkwfe okil yh vkSj tehu
vkoaVu dh 'krks± ds mYya?ku ds ckn 'kklu us bl ekeys esa fyIr
144

vfèkdkfj;ksa ds f[kykQ dksbZ dkjZokb
kbZa Hkh ugha dhA
ea=h vkSj vkyk vQlj neM+h vkSj ncko ds pyrs [kkeks'kh dh
pknj vks<+dj dqHa kd.khZ uhan esa lks x,A

tqM+us yxha LokFkZ dh b±Vsa
vkjchlh ds :y&26 esa fofgr izkoèkkuksa ds loZFkk foijhr dysDVj
Hkksiky us gkmflax cksMZ dks tehu VªkalQj dj nhA ftlus ckn esa Mhch
ekWy ds lkFk lkWaBxkWaB dk [ksy [ksykA xjhcksa ds VwVs liuksa dh dcz ij
xxupqEch bekjr dh cqfu;kn Mky nh xbZA mèkj xjhc >ksiM+h okys
viuh ednhj ij jksrs jgs] bèkj muds vkWalqvksa ls xhyh] jsr&lhesaV dk
xkjk cukdj--- LokFkZ dh b±Vsa tksM+h tkus yxhaA

dkuwu ds lkFk xn~nkjh] ljdkj dh Fkh ykpkjh
****dq
dqN rks etcwjh jgh gksxh] oukZ ;wWa gh dksbZ csoQk ugha
gksrkA** dqN blh 'kk;jkuk rtZ ij ljdkj vkSj mlds ftEesnkj veyksa
us xjhcksa vkSj fu;e dk;nksa ds lkFk csoQkbZ dks ljvatke fn;kA bl
jgL; dks le>us dh t:jr gSA
njvly] nSfud HkkLdj dh rksi ds eqgkus esa vkdj dksbZ Hkh
le>nkj ;s rks ugha dg ldrk fd& **vk rksiph jes'k] eq>s ekjA** Nius
dh ftYyr ls cpuk t:jh FkkA 'kk;n blhfy, f[kykQ esa [kcjsa Nius
dh Qthgr ls cpus ds fy, ljdkjh I;knksa us oSls gh dnerky dh] tSlk
jes'k dk b'kkjk gqvkA dgk x;k gksxk fd ge rqEgsa bl 'krZ ij ekWy cukus
dh ijeh'ku nsrs gSa fd& rqe gekjs f[kykQ dqN er NkiukA feys lqj
gekjk rqEgkjkA eryc] rqe ekWy cukvks] ges eky igqpkvks vkSj gesa Hkh
pSu ls ikWap lky dkVus nksA laxkfoÙkh ftUnkckn
ftUnkcknA
jes'k us ftl dke dks vius gkFk esa fy;k] mlesa dsoy dkuwu
dk mYya?ku gks] ysfdu ljdkj vkSj turk dh cckZnh u gks] ,slk rks gks
ugha ldrkA
dfyuk;d
145

blfy, rks vtZ fd;k gS%&
tgaW&tgWa pj.k iM+sa tks buds]
rgaW&rgaW gks x;k] caWVkèkkjA
ljdkj dks gqvk] igyk uqdlku
lku%&

ljdkj dks yxh ikSus lkr djksM+ dh pir
xjhcksa dks mtkM+us ds ckn ftl tehu ij Mhch ekWy cu jgk gS]
mlds lkSns esa ljdkj dks ,d nks ughs] ikSus lkr djksM+ dk pwuk yxkA
;g luluh[kst [kqyklk 31 ekpZ 2009 dks lekIr foÙk o"kZ
ds rktk izfrosnu esa foèkkulHkk esa is'k Hkkjr ds fu;a=d o egkys[kk
ijh{kd (dSx) dh fjiksVZ esa fd;k x;kA
Hkwfe gLrkarj.k esa vfu;fer vuqcèa k] Hkqxrku dh 'krks± esa ykHk nsus
vkSj ckn esa fu;eu esa iV~Vs fdjk, ds :i esa ljdkj dks 6-71 djksM+ dk
uqdlku gqvkA

dSls yxk] ljdkj dks pwuk
gkmflax cksMZ us futh cksyh yxkus okys vkjds bUosLVesaV
izkbosV fyfeVsM ds lkFk fnlEcj 2006 esa ,d vuqcèa k fd;k FkkA ;g
vuqcèa k 30 o"kZ dh vofèk ds fy, iV~Vs ds gLrkarj.k ds fy, fd;k FkkA
vuqcèa k ds eqrkfcd Hkwfe ds izhfe;e dk Hkqxrku vuqcèa k dh
fnukad ls 18 ekg ds Hkhrj fd;k tkuk FkkA
gLrk{kj fd, nLrkost xokg gS fd twu 2008 rd iwjk
Hkqxrku gksus ds ckn iV~Vk vfHkys[k dk fu"iknu gksuk FkkA iV~Vk foys[k
fu"iknu fnukad ls izHkkfor gksuk FkkA
futh cksyh yxkus okyh daiuh vkjds bUosLVesVa us twu 2008
esa vafre fdLr Hkh Hkj nh FkhA
dSx dh fjiksVZ dgrh gS fd 26 fnlEcj 2006 ds vuqcèa k esa
1146

fn;k x;k le; ljdkj ds lkFk uoacj 2006 esa fd, x, djkj dh
'krks± ds loZFkk foijhr FkkA
ljdkj ds lkFk fd;s x, vuqcaèk ds eqrkfcd iV~Vs dh vofèk
o"kZ 2006&07 ls 'kq: gksuh Fkh
FkhA
tks iV~Vk vfHkys[k rS;kj fd;k x;k] mls 13 vDVwcj
2008 dks fu"ikfnr fd;k x;k vkSj mlh rkjh[k ls 30 o"kks± dh yht
ij fn;k x;kA iV~Vk foys[k 13 vDVwcj 2008 ls 30 o"kks± dh
vofèk ds fy, fu"ikfnr fd;kA
x`g fuekZ.k eaMy tks jes'k dks ykHk igaWpq kus dks veknk Fkk] us 'krks±
vkSj djkjksa dks rksM+rs gq,] mudk mYya?ku djrs gq, jes'k dh futh daiuh
ls 2006 dh ctk, 2008 ls vuqcaèk dj MkykA
gkmflax cksMZ us cksyh drkZ dks Hkwfe ds izhfe;e ds Hkqxrku rFkk
iV~Vk foys[k ds fu"iknu ds fy, tks vuqcèa k fd;k] og voSèkkfud FkkA
bl rjg gkmflax cksMZ us Hkwfe ds izhfe;e Hkqxrku ds fy,18
eghus dk vfrfjDr le; nsdj ljdkj dks Ng djksM+ 71yk[k #i;ksa
dh pir yxkbZA
vky bt oSy] ljdkj dks dksbZ f'kdk;r ugha&

ljdkjh uqdlku
--- ysfdu dksbZ
lku--dk;Zokgh ugha
jes'k us ljdkj dks djksM+kas dk pwuk yxk fn;k vkSj ljdkj us
ekSu jgdj yxok fy;kA bl ekeys dh lwpuk dSx us ljdkj dks ebZ
2009 esa Hksth FkhA ysfdu dSx dh fjiksVZ ls 'kklu dh vkaW[ksa ugha [kqyhA
,slk yxrk gS ] ekuks jes'k us 'kklu dks u'ks dk batDs 'ku yxk fn;k FkkA
vkokl ,oa i;kZoj.k foHkkx ds mi lfpo us fnlEcj 2009
esa dSx dks lwfpr fd;k fd vk;qDr] gkmflax cksMZ ls tkudkjh ryc dh
xbZ gSA mudk tokc feyus ds ckn gh mUgsa fLFkfr crkbZ tk,xhA
dfyuk;d
147

cgjggky] ckr **chjcy dh f[kpM+h** cudj jg xbZA D;ksfa d
gkmflax cksMZ ,d lky ls vkaW[k esa iiêh]
êh] dkuksa esa ##bZbZ BwaWldj ^ekSuh
ckck^ cuk jgkA mlus dksbZ tokc ugha fn;kA ,slk yxrk gS] ekuks
dqEHkd.khZ ljdkj dh uhan dHkh ugha [kqy ik;sxhA ljdkjh [kjkZVksa ds 'kksj
esa jes'k dk ?kksVkyk nck jg tk,xkA
vkbZ,] vc vkxs c<+us ls igys--- lkFk feydj ;s ljdkjh xkuk xk,a&
gksus nks dkyk ihyk] lc Bhd gS] **vky bt oSy**

jcj dh rjg nks lky f[kapk iV~Vk
eè;izn's k x`g fuekZ.k eaMy }kjk futh i{kdkj ds lkFk iV~Vk foys[k
dk fu"iknu ljdkjh vuqcèa k ds izkoèkkuksa dk mYya?ku FkkA urhtru]
iV~Vs dh vofèk 30 dh ctk; 32 lky gks xbZA iV~Vs dh vofèk esa nks
lky c<+ tkus dk iwjk Qk;nk jes'k dh daiuh dks vkSj uqdlku ljdkj
dks igqpa kA

okLrfod iV~Vs dh vofèk nks lky c<+kbZA
ljdkj us uoEcj 2038 (32 o"kZ) rd iV~Vs dh le;&lhek
esa nks lky dk btkQk djus dh vuqefr nsrs gq, 6-71 djksM+ #i, dh
jkf'k dks nks o"kks± ds fy, iV~Vs dks fdjk, ds fy, x`g fuekZ.k eaMy dks
fu;fer dj fn;kA
bl izdkj futh i{kdkj ;kuh jes'k dh dEiuh dks Hkwfe ds
izhfe;e dk Hkqxrku djus ds fy, 18 eghus dk vfrfjDr le; fn;kA
blls ;g gqvk fd nks lky dk vfrfjDr ykHk jes'k dh >ksyh
esa [kqn c [kqn fxjrk pyk x;kA ljdkj dks Ng djksM+ 71yk[k #i;ksa dh
pir rks uqdlku dh 'kq#vkr Fkh] oks rks lqukeh&rckgh dk izkjEHk Fkk]
var ughaA vc ns[ks-a -- dSl
s s gqvk] ljdkj dks nwljk uqdlku%&

u fn;k LVkEi 'kqYd] u Hkjk tqekZuk
xjhcksa dh cLrh mtkM+dj cuk, x, Mhch 'kkfiax ekWy ij 14
148

djksM+ 20 yk[k #i, dk LVkai 'kqYd cdk;k FkkA bl jkf'k dks tek
djus ds fy, dysDVj vkWQ LVkai (ftyk iath;d) us ekWy izcaèku ds
fo#¼ 28 fnlEcj 2007 dks vkns'k Hkh ikfjr fd;k FkkA
jes'k dh dEiuh dks vYVhesVe fn;k x;k Fkk fd bl vkns'k
ds lkr fnuksa ds vUnj gh cdk;k jkf'k tek dj nh tk,A blesa
rRdkyhu ftyk iath;d us nks Vwd dgk Fkk fd ,eih uxj fLFkr tehu
dh yht ,xzhesaV dh jkf'k dh LVkai M~;wVh ugha pqdkbZ xbZ gSA blds fy,
U;k;ky; dysDVj vkWQ LVkai esa izdj.k (Øekad 2@c&103@07&08)
ntZ fd;k x;k FkkA vkns'k ls Li"V Fkk fd 26 fnlEcj 06 dks
fo"k;oLrq ds vuqlkj Mhch ekWYl izkbosV fyfeVsM ij djksM+ksa #i;ksa dk
cdk;k fudyrk gSA

vkS j --- vYVhesVe èkjk dk èkjk jg x;k
;g jkf'k LVkai 'kqYd dh lkr djksM+ 10 yk[k 15 gtkj 245
rFkk bldh bruh gh vfrfjDr jkf'k feykdj 14 djksM+ 20 yk[k 30
gtkj 490 #i, gksrh gSA
dysDVj vkWQ LVkai ,oa ftyk iath;d us vkns'k ds ckn lkr
fnu dh le;&lhek esa jkf'k tek djus ds fy, dgk Fkk] ysfdu ;g
vYVhesVe èkjh dh èkjh jg xbZA lkr fnu D;k\ lÙkj fnu D;k\ u tkus
fdrus fnu ;aWw gh xqtjrs x, vkSj dfyuk;d us jkf'k tek ugha dhA

Hkh py x;kA rsjk tknw py x;k vks tknwxj----

vkjds bUosLVesaV dk uke ljdkjh
fjdkMZ ls Nw&earj
vki ;s i<+ pqds gS fd gkÅflax cksMZ us Lo;a bl cs'kdherh tehu
dk mi;ksx Lo;a u djrs gq, vukfèkd`r rkSj ij tehu dks cspus ds fy,
fufonk,a (Vs.Mj) cqyokbaAZ
gkÅflax cksMZ esa pkj Qeks± us Qk;usfa 'k;y fcM izLrqr dh FkhA
buesa Hkksiky dh vkjds bUosLVesVa izkbosV fyfeVsM] fnYyh dh ikjlukFk
MsoyilZ izkbosV fyfeVsM] xqM+xkWoa dh Mh,y,Q ;wfuolZy fyfeVsM vkSj
eqca bZ dh QksfuDl feYl fyfeVsM 'kkfey gqbZ FkhaA fcM esa lQy gksus ij
;g tehu vkjds bUosLVesVa izkbosV fyfeVsM dks nsus dk fu.kZ; fy;k x;k
FkkA lp dgsa rks QkesYZ Vh dh xbZA
vkjds bUosLVesVa izkbosV fyfeVsM dh fcM ds vkèkkj ij gh
dSfcusV us tehu nsus dk QSlyk fd;k Fkk] ysfdu vc ljdkj ds fjdkWMZ
ls bl daiuh dk uke **feLVj bafM;k** dh rjg xk;c gks x;k gSA ;g
,d igsyh gS fd gkÅflax cksMZ vkSj jkT; ljdkj ds fjdkMZ ls vlyh
daiuh vkjds bUosLVesVa dk uke xk;c dSls gks x;k\

nLrkostksa esa vk;k Mhch ekWy]
OgkbVuj us fd;k deky

jn~n gqvk vkns'k--- yxkbZ 14 djksM+ dh pir
;gka xkSjryc gS fd ljdkj ds b'kkjs ij djksM+kas dh tehu
dkSfM+;ksa ds nke nsus ij mrk: vkyk vQljksa us varr% QSlyk Mhch ekWy
ds i{k esa gh djk fn;k vkSj 'kklu dks djksM+kas ds jktLo dh pir yxk
nh xbZA
vQljksa dh feyhHkxr ds pyrs cksMZ vkWQ jsosU;w us jktLo
olwyh ds bl vkns'k dks jn~n dj fn;kA lkQ gS fd jes'k dk tknw ;gkaW
dfyuk;d
149

ljdkjh fjdkWMZ esa vc lat; uxj dh tehu Mhch ekWy izkbosV
fyfeVsM dks nsuk crk;k tk jgk gSA gkÅflax cksMZ Hkh vc yksxksa dks lwpuk
ds vfèkdkj ds rgr ;gh tkudkjh ns jgk gS fd eè;izn's k x`g fuekZ.k
eaMy us lat; uxj dh tehu eSllZ Mhch ekWYl izkbosV fyfeVsM ,eihuxj
Hkksiky dks foØ; dh gSA
,slk yxrk gS fd ekuks OgkbVuj ds tfj, vkjds bUosLVesVa dk
1150

uke xk;c djds Mhch ekWy dk uke 'kqekj dj fn;k gSA bl rjg&

cksyh yxk, fcuk gh Mhch ekWy
dks fey xbZ tehu
ets dh ckr rks ;g gS fd lat; uxj dh ftl cs'kdherh tehu
ij bl le; Mhch ekWy dk fuekZ.k gks jgk gS] mls ikus ds fy, Mhch ekWy
izkbosV fyfeVsM us gkÅflax cksMZ dh VsDuhdy vkSj Qk;usfa 'k;y fcM esa
dHkh Hkkx gh ugha fy;kA
vc loky ;g mBrk gS fd Mhch ekWy us gkÅflax cksMZ dks bl
tehu dks ysus ds fy, Vs.Mj cksyh (fufonk) esa gh Hkkx ugha fy;k rks fQj
gkÅflax cksMZ us ;g tehu fufonk esa Hkkx ysus okyh daifu;ksa ls gVdj
Mhch ekWy dks dSls csp nh\ ljdkjh fjdkWMZ esa gsjkQsjh--- ;gh rks tknw
gS jes'k dkA

cspkjs! Nys x, lat; uxj >qXxhoklh
lat; uxj dh ftl cs'kdherh tehu ij Mhch ekWy cu jgk gS]
mlds gLrkarj.k esa ljdkj dks rks djksM+kas #i, dh pir yxh gh] ;gka ls
gVk, x, gtkjksa >qXxhoklh vkt Hkh vius vkidks Nyk gqvk eglwl dj
jgs gSAa
bUgsa iz'kklu us ;gka ls dkQh nwj clk;k gSA ogka buds O;oLFkkiu
ds fy, leqfpr bartke iz'kklu us ugha fd, gSAa >qXxhokfl;ksa dks 'kgj
ds chpkschp fLFkr lat; uxj ls gVkdj dksykj jksM ij loZèkeZ esa ukys
fdukjs] ckx eqxkfy;k] u;kiqjk vLirky ds ikl] 'kkgiqjk dh vksj clk;k
x;kA
'kgj ls nwj pys tkus ds dkj.k bUgsa etnwjh djus 'kgj esa
vkus ds fy, ,d eksVh jde ifjogu ij [kpZ djuh iM+rh gSA ogha nwj
pys tkus ds dkj.k dbZ etnwjksa dks rks ;gka tks dke feyk gqvk Fkk]

dfyuk;d

151
1

og Hkh fNu x;kA ysfdu iz'kklu gS fd jes'k ds vykok fdlh vkSj
dh lqèk ys gh ugha jgk gSA
yxrk gS] fQYeh vankt esa fd, x, Fks ckns&

D;k gqvk rsjk oknk] oks dle oks bjknk
iz'kklu us bUgsa ;gka ls gVkrs le; tks okns fd, x, Fks] os iwjs ugha
fd, x,A ml le; bu >qXxhokfl;ksa dks ,d NksVs Hkwfe ds VqdM+s dk iV~Vk
vkSj lkeku <qykbZ] ckal] cYyh] iUuh ds fy, dqN jkf'k ns nh xbZ FkhA
>qXxhokfl;ksa dks iDds edku nsus dk oknk 'kklu us fd;k FkkA ysfdu ;s
>qXxhoklh ifjokj vkt Hkh vfodflr tehu ij lqfoèkkvksa ds vHkko
esa ukjdh; thou thus dks etcwj gSaA
;gkaW 950 ls vfèkd >qfXx;ksa esa gtkjksa yksx jgrs FksA bu lHkh
dks ;gka ls gVk;k x;k ysfdu iV~Vs lHkh dks ugha fn, x,A >qXxhokfl;ksa
dks iDds edku nsuk rks nwj vkt rd buds jgus okys LFkkuksa ij iDds
'kkSpky;] lM+d] fctyh vkSj 'kq¼ is;ty dh O;oLFkk Hkh iz'kklu us ugha
dh gSA
lku%&
vkSj fQj gqvk] ljdkj dk rhljk uqdlku

iquokZl esa Hkh ljdkj dks djksM+ksa dk pwuk
yht ds vuqcèa k esa ;s 'krZ 'kkfey Fkh fd lat; uxj esa jgus okys
5000 yksxksa dh O;oLFkk yht ij ysus okyh daiuh dks djuh FkhA
blds ckotwn iquZokl dk [kpZ gkmflax cksMZ us mBk;kA fofHkUu LFkkukas
ij gkmflax cksMZ ds [kkyh iM+s fuEu vk; oxZ okys vkoklksa esa bu yksxksa dk
iquoZ kl fd;k x;kA mu yksxksa dks vkt rd mu vkoklksa dk ekfydkuk gd
Hkh ugha feykA

Hkksiky gkV ds fy, ekaxh xbZ Fkh tehu
lat; uxj ls ikWpa gtkj >qXxhokfl;ksa dks csn[ky dj fjDr
1
152

djkbZ xbZZ cs'kdherh 5-90 ,dM+ tehu dk bfrgkl csgn nq%[kn vkSj
'kkspuh; gSA
lcls igys rks iapk;r ,oa xzkeh.k fodkl foHkkx gLrf'kfYi;ksa
ds fy, Hkksiky gkV dk foLrkj lat; uxj dh tehu ij djuk pkgrk
FkkA bl foHkkx us ;g tehu ns'kHkj ds gLrf'kfYi;ksa ds mRiknksa dks cktkj
miyCèk djkus ds fy, cus Hkksiky gkV ds fy, Hkh ekaxh Fkh rkfd bl
tehu ls yxs gq, Hkksiky gkV dk foLrkj gks ldsA
eè;izns'k x`g fuekZ.k eaMy vkSj Hkksiky fodkl izkfèkdj.k
us ;g tehu vkoklh; vkSj O;kolkf;d iz;kstu ds fy, ekaxh FkhA
2005 ds twu16 dkss lfpo Lrj dh Hkwfe vkj{k.k lfefr dh
cSBd esa bu rhu ize[q k laLFkkvksa ds }kjk ;g tehu ekaxs tkus ds izLrkoksa
ij fopkj fd;k x;k fd tehu fdls gLrkUrfjr dh tk,\
vkyk vQljksa vkSj x`g fuekZ.k eaMy ds vfèkdkfj;ksa dh
lkaWBxkaB ds dkj.k iapk;r ,oa xzkeh.k fodkl foHkkx dh ea'kk iwjh ugha gks
ldhA blls mudh tufgrdkjh ea'kkvksa ij ikuh fQj x;kA
jkT; ljdkj us mudh mis{kk dj ;g tehu eè;izn's k x`g
fuekZ.k eaMy dks ns nh] tks ckn esa Mhch ekWy ds fy, miyCèk djkbZ xbZA
bl rjg ;g tehu Mhch ekWy ds lapkydksa ds gkFk esa igqpWa xbZA

gLrf'kfYi;ksa dh mis{kk
Hkksiky gkV dks LFkkfir djus ds ihNs mn~n's ; ;gh Fkk fd ns'kHkj
ds gLrf'kYi dkjhxjksa dks ,d cM+k foi.ku dsUnz miyCèk gksA
fu;e ds vuqlkj rks gksuk ;gh pkfg, fd gLrf'kfYi;ksa ds fy,
tks foi.ku dsUnz LFkkfir fd;s tkrs gS]a mlds vklikl futh cktkj fufeZr
ugha gksA ysfdu vc vukfèkd`r :i ls ;gka Mhch eky LFkkfir gks jgk gSA
blls Hkksiky gkV esa igqWapus okys dkjhxjksa dks Hkkjh uqdlku
mBkuk iM+sxkA blls ;gkWa vkus okys i;ZVdksa vkSj [kjhnnkjksa dh la[;k Hkh

dfyuk;d

153

?kVsxhA yksxksa dk è;ku ÅWpa s vkSj pedhys vkd"kZd cktkj dh vksj
fVdsxk] NksVs yksx ekjs tk,axAs

fcpkSfy;ksa ls eqfDr ugha feysxh
Hkksiky gkV esa u dsoy gLrf'kfYi;ksa dks muds dykRed mRiknksa
ds fy, vfèkd la[;k esa [kjhnnkj feyrs cfYd fcpkSfy;ksa ls eqDr jgrs
gq, vius mRiknksa dh mfpr dher Hkh feyrhA
ogha jktèkkuhokfl;ksa vkSj ;gka vkus okys i;ZVdksa dks Hkh lhèks
dykRed gLrf'kYi mRikn dkQh de vkSj fj;k;rh nkeksa ij lhèks
mRikndksa ls [kjhnus dks feyrsA ysfdu vc ;s laHkao ughaA bu lkjh
laHkkoukvksa ij vc lj ls iSj rd ikuh fQj pqdk gSA
oSls Hkh jes'k dks dkexkjks]a dykdkjksa vkSj dkjhxjksa ls dksbZ
eryc ugha gSA jes'k dk QaMk gS& **dke viuk curk rks HkkM+ esa tk,
turk**A ysfdu dgkuh brus esa gh [kRe ugha gks xbZA vkSj fQj gqvk]
ljdkj dk pkSFkk uqdlku %%&

ekWy vkckn] ikdZ cckZn
bl tehu ds ikl gh O;kolkf;d ijh{kk e.My (O;kie) us 33
yk[k #i, dh ykxr vkSj eghuksa dh esgur ds ckn [kwclwjr ikdZ dk
fuekZ.k djok;k FkkA blesa fons'k ls ykbZ xbZ egWxa h ?kkl o lqna j ikSèks yxk,
x, FksA ;gkaW 100 Vªd feV~Vh Mkydj xM~<s Hkjs x, FksA
Hkksiky gkV ds ikl cu jgs Mhch ekWy dks 12 ehVj pkSM+h lM+d
(oSdfYid jkLrk nsu)s ds fy, O;kie ds [kwclwjr ikdZ dks mtkM+ dj
tehu nh xbZA vkSj ikdZ mtkM+ dj cuok;k jkLrkA

33 yk[k ij fQjk ikuh
O;kie us tehu cpkus dh iwjh dksf'k'k dhA O;kie vkSj foÙk foHkkx
us bl ij dM+h vkifÙk trkbZ FkhA blds ckotwn ekWy ds ekfydksa dks
154

ykHk igqWapkus ds fy, vkokl ,oa i;kZoj.k foHkkx us ;g tehu ekWy dks
vkoafVr dj nhA dSfcusV dh eatjw h ds ckn ;gka ls jkLrk fudkyk x;kA

nq?kZVukvksa dks U;kSrk
O;kie us vkifÙk esa dgk Fkk fd fofHkUu ijh{kkvksa ds flyflys
esa gtkjksa dh la[;k esa Nk= ,d fnu esa O;kie igqpWa rs gSAa ikdZ dks jkLrs esa
cnyus ds ckn Nk=ksa dkss cSBus dh txg ugha feysxhA
ekStnw k fLFkfr esa gh O;kie ds izo's k }kj ij vk, fnu nq?kZVuk,a
gksrh gSAa uofufeZr jkLrs ls vkus okys okguksa ds te?kV ds dkj.k ;gka
gknlksa dh vk'kadk vkSj c<+ xbZ gSA ysfdu&
ljdkj dks vketu dks gksus okyh vlqfoèkkvksa ls D;k ysuk
nsuk\ cl] jes's k dk dke cuuk pkfg,A
dke viuk curk--- rks HkkM+ esa tk, turk&

Mhch ekWy ds fy, rkd ij dk;ns
fu;e gS fd jk"Vªh; jktekxZ (us'kuy gkbos) ds fdukjs fd, x,
fuekZ.k dk jkLrk lhèks jktekxZ ij ugha [kqyuk pkfg,A jk"Vªh; jktekxZ
Øekad 12 ds fdukjs cu jgs ekWy dk eq[; ekxZ jk"Vªh; jktekxZ (,u,p)
ij ekSr ds jkLrs ds :i esa [kqy jgk gSA
fu;eksa dks cukus dk mn~n's ; nq?kZVukvksa dks jksduk vkSj lqjf{kr
;krk;kr dks lqfuf'pr djuk gSA fu;eksa dh vuns[kh ls ;gka nq?kZVuk,a
c<+xas h] ysfdu fdlh dks ugha fpUrkA
lat; uxj dh ftl cs'kdherh tehu ij Mhch ekWy dk fuekZ.k gks
jgk gS] mlds fy, gj Lrj ij u flQZ feyhHkxr gqbZ cfYd fu;e&dkuwu
dks Hkh rkd ij j[k fn;k x;kA lat; uxj ds >qXxhokfl;ksa dks ;gka ls
csn[ky djus ds ckn jktLo foHkkx dh fjDr gqbZ tks tehu eè;izns'k
x`g fuekZ.k eaMy dks vkoafVr dh xbZ Fkh] mlds vkj{k.k vkSj vkoaVu esa
dfyuk;d
155

Hkkjh èkkaèkyh dh xbZA i<+]as ,d vkSj ?kksVkyk%&

Mhch ekWy dks nh vukjf{kr tehu
2006 esa tc tehu ds vkj{k.k dk izLrko cuk;k x;k rks
dysDVj us [kljk Øekad 1509 esa 5-30 ,dM+ tehu dk gh
vkj{k.k fd;k Fkk] 5-90 ,dM+ dk ughaA
Hkz"V vQljksa dh lkaWBxkaB ls Mhch ekWy dks og tehu Hkh
vkoafVr dj nh xbZ] ftldk vkj{k.k gh ugha gqvk FkkA
Hkksiky ds rRdkyhu dfe'uj vkSj dysDVj us Hkh bl tehu
ds vkoaVu dk Li"V vuq'kalk ugha dh Fkh] fQj Hkh bl tehu dk vkoaVu
gks x;kA

xyr vkj{k.k izLrko
[kljk Øekad 1511 dh 0-60 ,dM+ tehu dk vkj{k.k
ugha fd;k x;k FkkA blds pyrs dysDVj us dsoy 5-30 ,dM+ tehu
ds gh izhfe;e vkSj Hkw&HkkVd dh x.kuk dh FkhA
vkokl ,oa i;kZoj.k foHkkx us tks tehu [kljk Øekad
1509 esa 'kkfey ugha Fkh] mls Hkh [kljk Øekad 1509 esa gh
n'kkZrs gq, xyr vkj{k.k izLrko rS;kj dj fn;kA
21 flrEcj 2006 dks jktLo foHkkx ds vij lfpo vkSj
milfpo us Hkh bl fcanq dh vksj è;ku vkdf"kZr fd;k Fkk] ysfdu bl
vkifÙk dh iwjh rjg vuns[kh djrs gq, [kljk Øekad 1511 dh
vukjf{kr 0-60 ,dM+ tehu Hkh Mhch ekWy dks ns nh xbZA

dysDVj&dfe'uj us trkbZ Fkh vlgefr
tc tehu vkoaVu izfØ;k py jgh Fkh rks ml nkSjku Hkksiky
laHkkx ds dfe'uj vkSj dysDVj us Hkwfe vkoaVu ij vlgefr trkbZ FkhA
dfe'uj vkSj dysDVj us Hkwfe vkoaVu dh vuq'kalk u djrs gq,
156

vkjchlh 4 (1) dh dafMdk Øekad 25 ds rgr izfrosnu rS;kj dj
jkT; ljdkj dks Hkstk FkkA bl dafMdk ds rgr vkoaVu ls igys dbZ
igyqvksa ij fopkj t:jh gksrk gSA elyu LFkkuh; fudk; dk izLrko]
tehu ds vklikl dh tehuksa ds ekfydksa dh lgefr] ekSdk eqvk;uk
fjiksVZ] tehu dk D;k mi;ksx gksxk] bl vkoaVu ls fdlh rjg dh ckèkk
rks ugha gksxh] ysvkmV lfgr dbZ igyqvksa ij fopkj djuk t:jh gksrk
gSA ysfdu---bu lc egRoiw.kZ igyqvksa dh vuns[kh dj tehu vkoafVr
dj nh xbZA

jkLrs ls HkVdk eaMy
,eih gkmflax cksMZ dks tehu bl 'krZ ij nh xbZ Fkh fd og
vfèkfu;e 1972 ds rgr cksMZ tehu dk mi;ksx djsxkA og ,DV dh
èkkjk&31 dh jks'kuh esa fodkl ;kstuk cuk ldrk FkkA èkkjk&33
dgrh gS fd cksMZ Ldhe ds rgr jgus ;ksX; edkuksa dh J`a[kyk fufeZr
djsxkA blls lkQ gS fd Mhch ekWy dk fuekZ.k cksMZ ds {ks=kfèkdkj ds
ckgj dk fo"k; FkkA
èkkjk 34 (,) cksMZ dks vfèkdkj nsrh gS fd og MsoyiesaV Ldhe
cuk ldrk gS vkSj mièkkjk& nks ;s dgrh gS fd Ldhe ds rgr ufn;ksa ij
iqy] cM+h jksM] gkbos] 'kgjh tykiwfrZ O;oLFkk] lhost flLVe lfgr vU;
flfeyj ,fDVfoVh lfEefyr gks ldrh gSA bl rjg iw.kZr% lkQ gksrk gS
fd ekWy dk fuekZ.k dkuwuu xyr gSA
èkkjk 34 gkmflax cksMZ dks Hkwfe fodkl ;kstuk dh vuqefr nsrh
gSA ;g èkkjk IykWV dks vkoklh; dkWyksuh esa cnyus ds mn~ns'; dks
lekfgr fd, gq, gSa] mlesa 'kkWfiax ekWy tSlh ;kstuk dks dksbZ LFkku ugha
fn;k x;k gSA ns'k ds dkuwu dks Bsaxk crkuk] dksbZ jes'k ls lh[ksA

dfyuk;d

157

Vh ,.M lh ih ds dke esa n[ky
njvly] def'kZ;y MsoyiesaV dk izksohtu Vkmu ,.M daVªh
Iykfuax vFkkWfjVh (Vh ,.M lh ih) ds fy, gSA
eè;izns'k uxj ,oa xzke fuos'k vfèkfu;e& 1973 dh
èkkjk 49 esa lkQ fy[kk gS fd Vh ,.M lh ih gh bldk vfèkdkjh gSA
èkkjk&49 dh mièkkjk 3&4&5 esa fo'ks"k rkSj ij 'kkWfiax lsUVj vkSj
O;kolkf;d o vkS|ksfxd fodkl dh ckr dgh xbZ gSA
pwWafd gkÅflax cksMZ dks def'kZ;y ,fj;k ds fodkl ds fy, dksbZ
LislfQd ikWoj iznÙk ugha fd;k x;k gSA blfy, mls Mhch ekWy ds fy,
Hkw&vkoaVu vkSj vuqcaèk djus dk vfèkdkj ugha FkkA

tkfye ljdkjh VV~Vw--ljdkj vkSj mldh ckWMh gkmflax cksMZ us vius lkekftd
mÙkjnkf;Ro ;kuh fd lat; uxj dh [kkyh djkbZ xbZ tehu esa vkoklh;
vikVZesUV vkSj lLrs DokVZj cukus ds y{; dks iwjk ugha fd;kA blds
LFkku ij frdM+eh rjhds ls jes'k ds fy, Mhch ekWy dk jkLrk lkQ dj
fn;kA
loZgkjk dks dqpydj cqtqZvk oxZ ds fy, 'kkWfiax ekWy dh
uhao Myok nh xbZA ,slk fuekZ.k 'kq: gqvk] tgkWa iSj j[kus dh gSfl;r
,d xjhc ugha j[krkA jlw[knkjksa dks mid`r djus dk ;s "kM~;=a feyhHkxr
ls jpk x;kA ljdkj vkSj jes'k ,d gh Fkkyh ds pV~Vs*cV~Vs gSa] ;g vki
le> x, gksaxsA vc tjk fglkc rks yxkbZ,%&

[kkyh fMCck cksry xksy!
gkmflax cksMZ us ljdkj ls 35 djksM+ #i, esa tehu Ø; dhA
ogha lkr djksM+ Hkw&HkkVd tek fd;k x;k FkkA
gkmflax cksMZ lat; uxj dh tehu ds flyflys esa ,d djksM+
158

92 yk[k #i, >qXxhokfl;ksa dks iDds vkokl eqgS;k djkus esa [kpZ dj
pqdk gSA
ljdkj dgrh gS fd 15 djksM+ iquokZl eesa [kpZ djsaxsA ;kuh
ckjkr rks jes'k dh ysfdu [kpkZ ljdkj dkA vanj dh ckr%& [kpkZ
ljdkj dk ;kuh turk dkA
blh dM+h esa Mhch ekWy dks ,u,p dh vksj [kqyus okyk jkLrk
nsus ds fy, O;kie dk rSarhl yk[k #i, [kpZ djds ltk;k&lWaokjk
x;k cxhpk mtkM+ fn;k x;kA
vHkh ikWap gtkj vfrfjDr xjhcksa dk iquokZl gkmflax cksMZ ds
eRFks gSA vxj fglkc yx x;k gks rks bl loky dk tokc nhft,%&
gkmflax cksMZ ds }kjk 51-49 djksM+ esa tehu [kjhnus esa vkSj
foLFkkfirksa ds fy, tehu ds iês o iquZokl O;oLFkk djus esa
vkSj
O;kie ds 33 yk[k ls vfèkd #i;s dks cckZn dj ;kuh 64-65 djksM+
#i;s ls T;knk [kpZ dj] mlh tehu dks Mhch eky dks 64-65
djksM+ #i;ksa esa cspus ls ljdkj dks D;k Qk;nk\
;g rks ogh gqvk fd%& [kk;k fi;k dqN ugha] Xykl rksM+k ckjg
vkukA dqy feykdj ;s lc dkuwu ds lkFk èkks[kk gSA

feyuh Fkh ltk] ys jgk gS etk!
yCcksyqvkc ;s fd lat; uxj dh tehu dk xSjdkuwuh rjhds ls
vius gd esa vkoaVu djkdj jes'k dq'ky Xokys dh rjg Hkjiwj nksgu
oky^ cuus dk mls dksbZ Mj ughaA bl
dj jgk gSA ^vxzoky^
^i'poky^
o ky^ ls ^i'p
vijkèk ds fy, mls feyuh pkfg, Fkh ltk] ij og ys jgk gS etkA
vc pawfd Mhch eky dk fuekZ.k iwjk gksus dks rS;kj gSA vr% dg
ldrs gSa fd&
Mhch ekWy us fd;k deky] jes'k gks x;k--- ekykeky] ckdh
lc--- gks x, daxkyA

dfyuk;d

159

blfy, vtZ fd;k gS %&
^jes'k&lsfVax^ dhft,] fcu lsfVax lc lwuA
lsfVax fcu u mcjs] usrk vQlj vkSj I;wuA

lh[k ;gh gS fd&
(1) xjhc dk dksbZ ekbZ&cki ugha A
(2) dkuwu dsoy xjhcksa ds fy, cus gSa] jes'k tSlksa
ds fy, fcYdqy ughaA

lQyrk dk ,d vkSj dfy;qxh QaMk
blls ykSfdd lQyrk dk dfy;qxh (jes'kh) QaMk ;s gkFk vk;k fd
eu esa ;g fl¼kar cukdj mlds vuqlkj pyuk ykSfdd lQyrk fnykrk
gS&
**balkfu;r NksM+s cxSj xSjdkuwuh dke esa lQyrk ugha feyrhA**

vc bu lc lokyksa dk tokc nsuk ckdh jg x;k
gS &
(1) 5000 yksxksa dks mtkM+dj Mhch eky cukuk mfpr
Fkk\
(2) tehu Hkksiky&gkV ds fy, nsuk tufgr esa Fkk ;k
Mhch eky ds fy,\
tokc ;gh gS%& u] u] uA

160

fd;s xM+cM+&>kys dh dgkuh crkrs gSa%&

ckjgokWa vè;k;

t;iqj esa QthZ fu;kZr fxjksg dk HkaMkQksM+

vk;dj dh *pksjh*--*jes'k us Hkjh frtksjh*

,l-ds- pVthZ] vflLVsUV dfe'uj] vk;dj foHkkx] Hkksiky] ds
3 ekpZ 2006 ds mDr vkns'k esa fy[kk gS fd 19 twu 2003 dks
vk;dj foHkkx] t;iqj us *latho izdk'ku lewg* ij Nkik ekjkA rc ;g
jkt [kqyk fd ;g lewg *QthZ&fcy* cukus vkSj nsus ds xSjdkuwuh dke
esa rFkk QthZ vk;kr&fu;kZr (Import & Export) dh izfof"V (Entry)
djus esa fyIr gSA
;g fxjksg cgqr cM+k Export Racket gSA blesa esllZ& *vueksy
jRu*] esllZ& *Jqfr tsEl* (Gems)] esllZ& *fr#ifr ckykth tsEl*
vkfn lkr ls vfèkd izfr"Bkuksa us jRu (Gems) vkSj dherh iRFkjksa
(Precious Stone) ds *QthZ&fcy* cukdj HkkLdj&lewg dh tkylkt
dEifu;ksa dks fn;s FksA

*nSfud HkkLdj* dh vkM+ esa u;s&u;s rjhdksa ls dbZ dkys&dkjukeksa
dks jes'k pUnz vxzoky vkSj mlds ifjokj us vatke fn;kA buesa ls
dqN dk HkaMkQksM+ gks ik;k] 'ks"k u tkus fdrus dkjukes] pkykdh ls
nck fn;s x;s A blh dM+ h es a vkb;s ] ns [ ks a ] tkus a ] ,d vkS j
dkyk&dkjukek&
gqvk ;s fd] vflLVsUV dfe'uj] vk;dj foHkkx] Hkksiky us
vk;dj vfèkfu;e dh èkkjk 147] 143 (3) ds rgr **vlslesUV
vkWMZj** ikfjr dj ds nSfud HkkLdj lewg dh dEifu;ksa& tSl&s **HkkLdj
** xSysDlh bUVjus'kuy** vkfn dks VSDl pksjh]
VªsfMax dkiksZjs'ku** ]**
VSDl ÝkM ekeys esa dV?kjs esa [kM+k fd;kA
vk;dj foHkkx us mUgsa fons'k ls gokyk ds ekè;e ls viuh
csukeh *dkyh dekbZ* (Unaccounted Money) dks *lQs n* djus dk
nks"kh ?kksf"kr fd;kA
xkSjryc gS fd jes'k ,d ,sls izkQ
s 's ku ls gS] ftlesa dksjs dkxt
dks dkyk fd;k tkrk gSA ;gh dkyk&lQsn djus dh chekjh mldks nwljs
èkUèkksa esa yx xbZA bl ?kVuk ls geus lh[kk%&

lQyrk dk ,d vkSj dfy;qxh QaMk
blls ykSfdd lQyrk dk dfy;qxh (jes'kh) QaMk ;s gkFk vk;k fd&
**viuh vk; ds L=ksr dks fNikdj j[ksaA**
vkb;s] vc ckdk;nk MsV Mkydj] jes'k&ifjokj ds }kjk
dfyuk;d
161

fcy cspus dk dkyk èkaèkk
fnypLi ckr ;s Fkh fd os izfr"Bku flQZ lkeku dk fcy
cukdj nsrs Fks] lkeku ughaA vkSj fdlh izdkj dk Ø;&foØ; buds
}kjk ugha gksrk FkkA gkaW] Ø;&foØ; dh ukSVadh t:j gksrh FkhA
mDr ekeys dh lquokbZ ds nkSjku 22 tqykbZ 2003 dks
esllZ& *vueksy jRu* ds ekfyd vkse izdk'k f?k;k dk tks c;ku
vk;dj foHkkx us fjdkWMZ ij fy;k] og 'kCn'k% bl izdkj Fkk %&
**eSaus vueksy jRu esa dksbZ Actual [kjhn ;k fcØh dk dke
ugha fd;k gSA dsoy fcyksa dh Entry nh gSA bu fcyksa ds cnys fdlh
izdkj dk eky esjh Concern vueksy jRu us dksbZ eky lIykbZ ugha
fd;kA
nwljksa dks fcy dh Entry nsus ds fy, esjs ikl eky dk gksuk
vko';d FkkA blfy, esjh QeZ vueksy jRu us Import dh Entry
162

ys j[kh gSA tks cksxl gSA blds vykok okLro esa dksbZ LFkkuh;
izkiVhZ esa [kjhn ugha gqbZ gSA **

,slk O;kikj] ftlesa u lkeku
[kjhnk vkSj u cspk
fcy cspus dk ;g èkaèkk 0-4 izfr'kr deh'ku ij pyrk Fkk
;kuh 40 iSls nks vkSj 100 #i;s dk fcy yksA
fcuk lkeku ds] lkeku cspus dk ;s xksj[kèkaèkk cM+k vklku FkkA
u lkeku [kjhnus dk >a>V vkSj u cspus dkA
tks djksM+kas #i;k bu vueksy jRu vkfn Qeks± ds [kkrs esa tek
gqvk] oks iSlk fdlh nwljs lIyk;j ds [kkrs esa tek djus ds LFkku ij
vkuu&Qkuu esa uxn :i esa fudky fy;k x;kA ,slk blfy, D;ksafd]
tc lkeku cspuk gh ugha gS rks D;ksa [kjhnk tk;s\
vkWfQl dk <ksax &

n¶rj] n¶rj ugha
vk;dj foHkkx ds Nkis ds nkSjku xyh&dwps esa fLFkr esllZ&
vueksy jRu vkSj esllZ& Jqfr tsEl ds QthZ ?kjsyw vkWfQl esa LVkd]
,dkmUV&cqd] fcy&cqd] Hkkj rkSyus okyh e'khu] VsyhQksu&QSDl
e'khu] [kjhnh&fcy vkSj ukSdj] ;s lc unkjn FksA
oks n¶rj n¶rj FkksM+s Fkk] oks rks jes'k ds canksa us ?kj esa
QthZokM+k [kksy j[kk FkkA mu canksa us ?kj dks n¶rj fn[kk;k Fkk ;kuh
n¶rj dsoy dkxt ij fn[kk;k x;k FkkA oks udyh n¶rj FkkA
,slk blfy, D;ksafd tks iSlk VªkalQj gqvk] og jSdVs ds *vkdk*
jkds'k vkj iqjksfgr vkSj muds lg;ksfx;ksa us fudky fy;kA blfy, ;s
izfr"Bku tks fd njvly bl jSdVs ds Use & Throw Js.kh ds ukSdj FksA
blfy, os xjhc ds xjhc gh jgsA

dfyuk;d

163

ekLVj ekabM-------ets dh ckr ;g Fkh fd esllZ& *vueksy jRu* vkSj esllZ&
*Jqfr tsEl* vkfn QeZ ftu vkseizdk'k f?k;k vkSj mes'k lkgw oxSjg ds
uke ij Fkh] os dsoy xjhc&etnwj *I;kns* FksA
muds ihNs Fkk& ,DliksVZ&jSdVs dk ekLVjekbaM t;iqj dk
**ykyw th** A bl izdkj *cM+s pksj* us *NksVs pksj* dks QaWlok fn;kA
;g ?kVukØe gesa ikB i<+krk gS fd pksj dk lkFk nsrs le; ;g
u Hkwysa dh og gekjs eky ij Hkh gkFk lkQ dj ldrk gSA

fcuk lkeku csps HkkLdj lewg us djksM+ksa dek,
QthZ fcy ikus okyh HkkLdj lewg dh dEifu;ksa tSls& HkkLdj
VªsfMax dkiksZjs'ku vkSj XkSysDlh bUVjus'kuy Hkksiky us bu jRuksa dks (tks
fd buds ikl Fks gh ugha)] bUgsa fons'k esa fu;kZr gksuk crk;kA
fons'k esa fu;kZr ds uke ij [kjhnh jsV ls *Mcy jsV* ij cspk
fn[kkdj 54 izfr'kr ls vfèkd ykHk dekuk crk;kA fygktk] 54
izfr'kr equkQs dk eryc gqvk& 100 #i, esa [kjhnk vkSj 220 #i,
esa cspkA
ml le; mlh èkaèks ds vU; okLrfod izfr"Bkuksa dk equkQk
dsoy 6 ls12 izfr'kr gh FkkA

djksM+ksa dk QthZokM+k djus okys
xjhc ds xjhc jgs
ets dh ckr ;s gS fd HkkLdj lewg us ftuls jRu [kjhn dj
djksM+ksa dek;s] os *vueksy jRu* vkSj *Jqfr tsEl* uked vk;dj
foHkkx dks Bxus okys laLFkkuksa ds ekfyd fuEu& eè;eoxhZ; Lrj
ls Åij ugha mB ldsA mudh vkfFkZd fLFkfr esa dksbZ cnyko ugha gqvkA
os u pys] u igqaWpAs
164

os dkSu Fks\ os rks jes'k dh fcBkbZ folkr ds udyh I;kns Fks] tks
ekSdk vkus ij HkkM es >ksd fn, x,A
tks fdlh dks Bx ys] mls *Bx* dgrs gSaA ysfdu tks Bxksa dks Bx
ys] mls *Bxjkt* dgrs gSaA vkSj oks gS& **jes'k&ifjokj**A vk;dj
foHkkx dh vkaW[kksa esa èkwy >ksdus okykA
*vueksy jRu* vkSj *Jqfr tsEl* ds LVsV cSad ds ,dkmUV ns[kus
ls irk pyrk gS fd ftudh yk[k #i;s dh gSfl;r Hkh ugha Fkh] oks QeZ]
nSfud HkkLdj lewg dh daifu;ksa dks nl&nl yk[k #i;s ds jRu *mèkkj*
ns nsrh Fkh rkfd *nSfud HkkLdj lewg* djksM+ksa #i;s eq¶r esa dek ldsA
fQj tc fons'kh xzkgd] HkkLdj xzqi dh dEiuh dks MkWyj ds :i esa iSlk
Hkst nsrk Fkk rks HkkLdj xzqi dh dEiuh }kjk esllZ *vueksy jRu* vkfn
QthZ QeZ dks pSd ls iSlk Hkqxrku dj uxn :i esa okil ys fy;k tkrk
FkkA

[kpZ gh ugha crk;kA ---- okg] ;s dSlk ,DliksVZ fctusl] ftlesa vn` ' ;
fons'kh [kjhnnkjksa ls VsyhQksu ij ckr djus dh t#jr gh ughaA
blls irk pyrk gS fd cl VsyhiSFkh (eu dh 'kfDr ls fopkjksa
dk vknku&iznku) ls lkjk dke py jgk FkkA ;g Fkk gok esa ,DliksVZ
fctusl dk QaMkA

HkkLdj ds QthZ fons'kh xzkgd

QthZ Qeks± ls gkfly QthZ fcyksa ds vkèkkj ij vk;dj foHkkx dks
QthZ ,DliksVZ esa djksM+ksa dh vk; fn[kkdj HkkLdj lewg dh dEifu;ksa
us èkkjk 80 (HCC) esa VSDl dh NwV ikdj bude VSDl foHkkx dks
djksM+kas dk pwuk yxk;kA ;g csukeh (Un Account) vk; dks fcuk VSDl
fn;s ,d uEcj esa fn[kkus dk "kM;U= FkkA vkf[kjdkj gqvk

tc vk;dj foHkkx us HkkLdj lewg dh dEifu;ksa dks i= fy[kdj
muls [kjhns x;s jRuksa ds fcy dh dkWih] csps x;s fcy dh dkWih] HkkLdj
lewg dks jRu cspus okyksa (Supplier) vkSj HkkLdj lewg ls fons'kh jRu
[kjhnus okyksa (Foreign Buyers) ds uke vkSj VsyhQksu uEcj ekWaxs rks os
ns ugha ldsA
tc HkkLdj lewg ls ml dke ds fy, fu;qDr LVkWQ dh tkudkjh
ekWaxh xbZ rks Hkh os pqIih lkèks cSBs jgsA

HkkLdj lewg ls jRu [kjhnus okys fons ' kh [kjhnnkjk
[kjhnnkjksa (Foreign
Buyers) ds uke] VsyhQksu uEcj vkSj mu fons'kh O;kikfj;ksa ds }kjk jRu
cspus ij ljdkj dks tek fd, lsy VSDl vkSj bade VSDl fjVuZ dh dkih
nsus ij vki 20 yk[k ds bZuke ds gdnkj cu ldrs gSaA

QthZ fu;kZr fxjksg ds lkFk lkaBxkaB dj]
dh xbZ vk;dj pksjh

jes'k&ifjokj csudkc
vk;dj foHkkx us vius vkns'k esa tks fuèkkZfjr fd;k] og *'kCn'k%*
bl izdkj Fkk %&
1. "Penal Proceeding U/s 271 (1) (b) of the Act, for Concealing the income as well as furnishing of inaccu

fons'kh xzkgdksa ls *VsyhQksu* dh txg
*VsyhiSFkh* ls gksrh Fkh ckrsa

-

rate particulars of income are being initiated.

ets dh ckr ;g gS fd HkkLdj xzqi dh dEiuh us tks ih-,y,dkmUV bUde VSDl foHkkx dks izLrqr fd;k] mlesa VsyhQksu ij dksbZ

dfyuk;d

thfr;s bZuke chl yk[k

165

2. Penal Proceeding U/s 271 (1) (b) of the Act for non
compliance of the notices issued U/s, 142 (1) ofthe Act on
166

various dates, are being separately initiated.

,d vèkwjk liuk

3. Accordingly, on the basis of the above disccusion,

amounting to Rs. 11,92,89,788/- is being added to the to-

ml jkst ?kj ij vèksM+ jes'k ds f[kpM+h ckyksa ij èkUuw ukbZ
xkfuZ;j (f[ktko) yxk jgk FkkA mlh le; ,dk,d pkVZM ,dkmUVsUV
jes'k ls feyus vk;kA mldh utj iyax ij j[ks uksVksa ds caMy ij xbZ
rks og jes'k ls cksy mBk & vkius lQsn ckyksa dks rks dkyk dj fn;k
ysfdu ;s *dkyh&dekbZ* lQsn dSls gksxh\
jes'k frjNh eqLdku nsrs gq, vius lh- ,- ls cksyk& jes'k uke gS
esjk] jes'k pUnz vxzokyA eSa lknk xzstq,V gWaw ] rqe dkgs ds lh- ,- gksA rqe
ugha tkurs] eSa crkrk gWawA esjs ikl ,d ,slk vkbfM;k gS] ftlesa **ghax yxs
u fQVdjh ysfdu jax pks[kk** gks tk;sxkA
*ftKklk* lh- ,-ds isV esa dqycqyk jgh FkhA mlus iwNk& ij dSl\s
loky lqudj tksjnkj jko.kh vV~Vgkl yxkrs gq, jes'k lh- ,- ls
cksyk&
**tSls ;s èkUuw ukbZ cky dkys djus dh dyk tkurk gS] oSls eSa Hkh
dkyh dekbZ lQsn djus dh dyk tkurk gwWaA ge nksuksa gh vkfVZLV gSa]
blfy, gekjs chp esa lkeatL; gS vkSj ;gh dkj.k gS& eSa ges'kk blh ukbZ
ls cky jaxokrk gWawA brus T;knk Hkksys rks rqe Hkh ughaA tjk fnekx
yxkvksA**
brus esa ys[kd dh uhan [kqy xbZ vkSj lius dk jgL; lius esa gh nck
jg x;kA
ekeyk idM+ esa vkrs gh&

tal income as undisclosed income of the assessee un-

equkQs dk èkaèkk can D;ksa\

the faxable income of the assessee is

assessed at

Rs. 112493380/- only.
4. Charge interest U/s 234 B and 234 C of the Act.
5. Penalty proceeding U/s 271 (1) (b) 271 (1) c of the
Income-Tax Act are initiated."

blh rjg 2-3-2006 ds vU; vkns'k esa HkkLdj VªsfMax dkiksZjs'ku
ds vlslesUV o"kZ 2000, 2001 dh v?kksf"kr vk;-12, 51, 660 #i,
fn[kkbZ xbZ vkSj mijksDr 5 izdkj dh dk;Zokgh Hkh dh xbZA vius
vlslesUV vkMZj fnukWad 30-3-2005 esa vfl- dfe'uj bUde VSDl
jkt dqekj ?kks"k dgrs gSa &
"The benificiary party M/s Galaxy International have
used this bill in different manner, but the ultimate objective is to launder unaccounted money."

var esa vkns'k esa gokyk ds ekè;e ls vkbZ vk; dk C;kSjk fn;k&
"........That the export profit being shown are nothing
but the unaccounted money of the assesse which has been
channelised by way of foreign remittances in the garb of
export remittances. Therefore, the entire export remittances

der the head "Income from other Sources". Penalty U/s
271 (1) (c) is being initiated separately for furnishing
inaccurrate particulars of income.
Charge interest U/s 234 A, 234-B 2334C."

dfyuk;d

167

o"kZ 1999&2000 ls 2002&2003 esa bl QthZokM+s ds }kjk
HkkLdj lewg dh dEifu;ksa esa dbZ Qhlnh equkQk dekuk fn[kk;k x;kA
ysfdu tSls gh ekeyk idM+ esa vk;k] vpkud equkQs dk ;g QthZ
dkjksckj can dj fn;k x;kA D;ksa\ vki vc rd ;g tku x;s gksaxsaA
1 68

vc tkylkth cu xbZ iqjLdkj !
vflLVsUV dfe'uj dks vkns'k fn;s 5 lky gks x;s ysfdu&
1- bl *laxfBr&vijkèk* ds fy, fdlh dks dksbZ ltk ugha gqbZ
D;ksafd dksbZ vkijkfèkd eqdnek ntZ ugha gqvkA
2- gokyk vkSj *euh&ykfUMªax* ds fy, dksbZ isukYVh olwy ugha gqbZA
3- HkkLdj lewg ds ikl ;g *dkyk èku* dgkWa ls vk;k\ D;k ;s
CySdesfyax ls ;k MªXl ds èkaèks ls ;k fdlh vkSj L=ksr ls rks ugha vk;k\
;g tkuus dh dksbZ dksf'k'k ugha gqbZA

lQyrk dk ,d vkSj dfy;qxh QaMk
blls ykSfdd lQyrk dk dfy;qxh (jes'kh) QaMk ;s gkFk vk;k fd
eu esa ;g fl¼kar cukdj mlds vuqlkj pyuk ykSfdd lQyrk fnykrk
gS&
**csbZekuh ls dek, èku ls c<+dj nqfu;k esa dksbZ cLrq ughaA**

jes'k pUnz vxzoky ifjokj D;k gS\
tokc gS%&
vxj O;fDr lekt ls ftruk ykHk mBk jgk] mldk nlokWa Hkkx
Hkh VSDl ds tfj;s lekt dks okfil ugha dj jgk gS] mldh mUufr ds
fy, ugha ns jgk gS] rks ,slk *d` r?u* O;fDr *èkkfeZd* ugha gks ldrkA
jes'k ds ifjokj us bruk dek fy;k gS fd lkr ihf<+;kWa Hkh
cSBdj [kk ldrh gSaA bl [kpsZ ds ckn tks iSlk cp jgk gS ftldh dh
thou fuokZg ds fy, dksbZ t:jr ugha gSA ml cps iSls esa ls dqN iSlk
VSDl ds :i esa ikus dk jk"Vª vkSj lekt dks vfèkdkj gSA fQj Hkh ugha
nsuk pkgrs gSa rks ,slk O;fDr *egkLokFkhZ* gSA
ge pkgrs rks gSa fd& lM+dsa] ckWaèk] clsa] jsysa] fo|ky;] iqfyl]
U;k;ky;] fpfdRlky; vPNs gksa] ysfdu fcuk VSDl fn;s rks ;g gksuk
laHko ughaA
dfyuk;d
169

ftl èku ij ljdkj ds ekè;e ls turk dk vfèkdkj Fkk]
mls vxj ugha fn;k x;k rks vkè;kfRed] lkekftd vkSj jk"Vªh;
n`f"Vdks.k ls ,slk VSDl pksj O;fDr *jk"Vªnzksgh* gSA
og bl jk"Vª esa lq[kh gksdj thus dk iz;kl dj jgk gSA ;g mldh
vlaHko dYiuk gh gSA

vc ckjh gS] vius KkUk dks tkWapus dh
crkbZ;s fd %&
1234567-

170

*[kkyh&ca
[kkyh&can* nqdku ls *dkSu* lkeku [kjhn ldrk gS\
xjhcksa ls djksM+ksa dk lkeku *dkSu* [kjhn ldrk gS\
fcuk Qksu vkSj QSDl ds ,DliksVZ dk dkjksckj *dkSu* dj
ldrk gS\
vk;dj foHkkx dk lcls cM+k vfèkdkjh *dkSu* gS\
fcuk lkeku csps&[kjhns *dkSu* djksM+kas dek ldrk gS\
tknw ls jRu iSnk djus okyk tknwxj *dkSu* gS\
ikih ^dkSu* gS\
tokc gS%& jes'k] jes'k] jes'kA

rsjgokWa vè;k;

pkSngokWa vè;k;

CySdesyj jes'k

xn~nkj dk ;kj

reke gSoku fdlh u fdlh :i esa cUnwd cuk gh ysrs gSaA jes'k ds ikl
cUnwd dh 'kDy esa ,d v[kckj gS] ftlls og CySdesfyax dh nuknu
xksfy;kWa nkxrk gSA dksbZ FkksM+k Hkh detksj utj vkrk gS] rks ;s mlds ihNs
iM+dj [kks[kk&isVh dh ekWax djrk gSA
;s dgrk gS& bldh M~;ks<+h ij uksVksa ds caMy p<+kvks] ojuk
f[kykQ esa [kcjksa dh cjlkr dj nsaxs] dkxt dh nhoky iksr nsaxsA

I;kjs ns'kOkfl;ksa] vc ;g Hkh tku yks fd nSfud HkkLdj dk ns'k ds
xn~nkjksa ls D;k lacaèk gS] ;g tkuus ls igys mu xn~nkjksa dks tkuuk
t:jh gSA D;k vki tkurs gSa fd&
bdcky fejph @ eks- bdcky eseu @ bdcky eqgEen
;wlwQ 'ks[k dkSu Fkk\
fejph--- tSlk uke] oSlk dkeA oks Fkk &
(1) [kwa[kkj vkradoknh & 1993 esas eqEcbZ esa ce dkaM gqvkA mlesa
ekjs x;s 300 ls vfèkd yksxksa dk dkfry Fkk ogA vkradokn dk
izk;kstd Fkk ogA
(2) u'ks dk varjjk"Vªh; lkSnkxj & ukStokuksa dh ftUnxh fcxkM+us
okys u'ks dk] dkyk dkjksckj djus okyk Mªx ekfQ;k Fkk ogA vesfjdk
dh ukd esa ne djus OkkykA ftls vesfjdk ds rRdkyhu jk"Vªifr tktZ
MCY;w cq'k us nl izeq[k u'ks ds lkSnkxjksa (Kingpins) dh lwph esa j[k dj
vijkèk dh nqfu;k esa *xkSjokfUor* fd;k FkkA
(3) Mh- dEiuh dk lfØ; lnL; & Mh- (nkÅn bczkfge) dEiuh
esa 'kkfey nkÅn dk nkaW;k gkFk Fkk bdckyA nkÅn us fejph dh
rktiks'kh dh FkhA og rks nkÅn ds gkFkksa dk ftUu Fkk& tc iqdkjk] vk
x;k--- tSlk dgk] dj fn;kA
nkÅn dk ;g uEcj ou fliglykj fdruk [krjukd Fkk] bls
tkuus ds fy, vkb, Mh- dEiuh ds dkjksckj dks tkurs gSa %&

,d mnkgj.k
Hkksiky ds ,d cM+s lewg lss vius f[kykQ [kcjsa u Nkius ds ,ot
esa 30 yk[k #i;s dh fj'or yhA
fj'or ds :i esa jes'k vxzoky ds uke ls nks psd fn, x;sA igyk
psd Fkk& iPphl yk[k dkA psd dk uEcj 306767 vkSj rkjh[k
1vizSy 2003 FkhA mlh rkjh[k dk nwljk psd Fkk& 5 yk[k dkA psd
dk uEcj 306770 FkkA
;g psd Hkksiky ds LVsV cSad vkQ bafaM;k dh vkbZ ,Q ch czkap
(Hkksiky) dk FkkA ysus okyk Fkk&jes'k panz vxzokyA

jes'k us iSjksa ij ekjh dqYgkM+h
nSfud HkkLdj ftruk yksdfiz; gS] mruk gh [krjukd Hkh gSA viuh
blh v[kckjh cUnwd dk Mj crkdj blus dbZ;ksa dks bruk lrk;k fd
mUgsa mldh HkkLdj uked cUnwd dh xksfy;ksa ls cpus ds fy, [kqn dh
v[kckjh rksisa [kM+h djuh iM+hA yksxksa us lkspk fd fj'or vkSj foKkiu nsus
ls vPNk gS fd [kqn dk v[kckj pykvksA blls nSfud HkkLdj ds fgrksa
ij gh izfrdwy izHkko iM+kA

dfyuk;d

171

Mh- dEiuh ds xksj[k èkaèks
1- vkradokfn;ksa dks iSlk] gfFk;kj vkSj usVodZ eqgS;k djukA
172

2- lqikjh ysdj *gR;k* djukA
3- u'khyh nokA
4- Hkkjr dh lcls cM+h lksus dh Lexyj dEIkuhA
5- tqvk&dEiuhA
6- udyh&uksV cuk dj Hkkjr dks [kks[kyk djus okykA
7- fQYe&Qk;usalA
Mh dEiuh us fdruh ekaWxsa mtkM+h--- fdruh ekaWvksa dks #yk;k --fdruh ftUnfx;kWa rckg dh---] ;g Hkwy tk,a ojuk vijkèkksa dk dksbZ vUr
u ns[k] vkx yx tk,xh fny esaA
lu~ 1991ds vklikl *vijkèk* dh nqfu;k dk ;g csrkt ckn'kkg
(MkWu) fons'k Hkkx x;kA

bdcky ljdkjh ?ksjs esa
og 2 flrEcj 94 dk fnu FkkA vnkyr us ,u-Mh-ih- ,l,DV ds rgr bl vkradoknh dks dSn djus dk gqDe fn;kA
20 vDVwcj 1997 dks ljdkj us mldh lEifÙk tCr djus
dk Qjeku tkjh dj fn;kA

"kM+ ; a =] lEifÙk cpkus dk
vUMjoYMZ Mku bdcky eseu Qjkjh esa FkkA ml njE;ku mldh
xSj dkuwuh lEifÙk dks jktlkr gksus ls cpkus dh ea'kk ls mldh tehu
dks migkj esa nsus dk "kM~;a= jpk x;kA
mi&iath;d vkWfQl Hkksiky ds bfrgkl esa 15 twu 1999
dk fnu dkys fnu ds :i esa fxuk tk,xkA ml fnu bdcky fejph dh
Hkksiky fLFkr lEifÙk mldh QthZ cgu Jherh gok ckbZ dks jftLVMZ
^fx¶V MhM* ds tfj;s gLrkUrfjr dh xbZA
blh rjg bdcky fejph dh choh fguk vkflQ ds uke dh
lEifÙk rFkkdfFkr cgu (Sister in law) dks gLrkUrfjr dh xbZA

dfyuk;d

173

udyh eqEcbZ;k cgu
mi&iath;d vkWfQl dks crk;k x;k fd bdcky fephZ vkSj
mldh choh us gqek;aqW ,l- epsZUV ds uke ij ikoj vkQ ,VkuhZ nhA vius
rFkkdfFkr ,VkuhZ gksYMj ds ekè;e ls mDr lEifÙk dk gLrkUrj.k
fejph ifjokj us dsnkj eafty] 16] dsMy
s jksM] ekfge] eqEcbZ&16 esa
jgus okyh QthZ cgu dks fd;kA
dkuwu ds eqrkfcd fx¶V MhM dsoy ikl ds fj'rsnkjksa dks gh
tk;t gSA blfy, lksph&le>h lkft'k ds rgr gh Qjkj eseu dh
QthZ cgu cukbZ xbZA

QthZ ikoj vkQ ,VkuhZ gksYMj
bdcky fephZ vkSj mldh choh ds rFkkdfFkr ikoj vkQ ,VkuhZ
gksYMj gqek;q¡ ,l- epsZUV ds vyx&vyx fx¶V MhM esa vyx&vyx
fdLe ds gLrk{kj gSaA blls irk pyrk gS fd fdlh QthZ O;fDr us
,VkuhZ gksYMj cudj tehu dk gLrkUrj.k fd;k gSA
nwljh ckr ;g fd] bdcky fephZ rks 1991 ls ns'k ls Qjkj
Fkk] fons'k Hkkx x;k Fkk rks mlus ikoj vkQ ,VkuhZ dSls ns nh\ ugha nhA
,VkuhZ ij mlds gLrk{kj djus dk loky gh ugha mBrkA

djksM+ksa dh lEifÙk fx¶V nh
ukfnj dkWyksuh] ';keyk fgYl] Hkksiky (IykV ua-18@1) fLFkr
E;wfuLiy dkjiksj's ku dh 5038 oxZ QqV (1679+1679+1680)
txg ij fufeZr djksaM+ksa dh lEifÙk fejph dh FkhA
vyx&vyx rhu fx¶V MhM ds ekè;e ls ;g lEifÙk bdcky
fejph us viuh gokbZ cgu dks fx¶V ns nhA blh rjg vyx&vyx nks
fx¶V MhM ds ekè;e ls fejph dh choh fguk vkflQ us 3358 oxZ QqV
(1679+1679) tehu e; fuekZ.k bdcky fejph dh cgu dks
^^migkj LOk:i** ns nhA
174

blh ds vxys fnu ;kuh 16 twu 1999 dks bdcky fejph
dh choh us bdcky dh cgu dks mlh txg dh 1680 oxZQhV txg
fx¶V MhM ds ekè;e ls nhA
loky ;s gS fd bl ukVd esa nSfud HkkLdj dh D;k Hkwfedk Fkh\
tokc gS& blesa nSfud HkkLdj dh NksVh exj ikojQqy Hkwfedk jghA
jes'k ds nSfud HkkLdj dh ljijLrh esa ns'knzksfg;ksa dh fgek;r gqbZA
jes'k ds yht gksYMj

eueksgu cus xn~nkj ds ifjp; nkrk
fx¶V nsus okyh QthZ ikVhZ Hkh Hkksiky ds ckgj dh Fkh vkSj ysus
okyh QthZ ikVhZ HkhA eqEcbZ ds bl MkWu vkSj bl ekfQ;k MkWu dh cgu
ds ,VkuhZ gksYMj Hkh QthZ FksA
tehu gLrkarj.k ds nLrkostksa (jftLVMZ fx¶V MhM) ij jes'k
ds nSfud HkkLdj ds tcyiqj ds yht gksYMj& eueksgu vxzoky us
crkSj xokg ds gLrk{kj fd;sA eueksgu us 15 twu 1999 dks bu
xSjdkuwuh dkxtksa ij 5 fx¶V MhM esa vkSj 16 twu 1999 dks fx¶V
MhM esa crkSj xokg gLrk{kj fd;sA
bl nqnkZUr vkradoknh dh lEifRr jktlkr gksus ls cpkus
ds fy, fd, x;s ukVd dk inkZQk'k djus ds cnys eueksgu [kqn
ml lkft'k dk lk¡BxkaB djus okyk ,d ik= cu x;kA jes'k ds lax
jgus dk ;s urhtk rks fudyuk FkkA
vc loky ;s gS fd& vkxs pydj ckr cu xbZ ;k iksy [kqy xbZ\
tokc lqudj vki [kq'k gksaxs D;ksafd%&

[kqy xbZ iksy
oDr us lkFk ugha fn;kA iksy [kqy xbZ lkft'k dhA
Hkkjr ljdkj us 10 uoEcj 1999 dks vkns'k tkjh dj
dgk fd Hkksiky fLFkr lEifRr xSj dkuwuh rjhds ls bdcky esuu ds }kjk

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175

gM+ih xbZ gSA rFkkdfFkr fx¶V MhM 15 vkSj 16 twu 1999 ds
}kjk bdcky esuu vkSj mldh choh ds }kjk vius ,tsUV vkSj
,VkZuh gksYMj ds ekè;e ls Hkksiky esa ';keyk fgYl fLFkr lEifÙk
dks tksM+rksM+ dj gok ckbZ vyh epsZUV ds i{k esa djus dk "kM+;a=
jpk tk jgk gSA rFkkdfFkr fx¶V MhM lnHkkouk iwoZd (Good-faith)
vkSj okLro esa (Genuine) ugha dh tk jgh gSA og dsoy bdcky dh lEifRr
dks jktlkr gksus ls cpkus dh [kkfrj fn[kkos ds fy, dh tk jgh gSA
Hkkjr ljdkj us dysDVj vkSj fuxek;qDr Hkksiky dks funsZf'kr
fd;k fd mijksDr lEifRr dh fcØh vkSj VªkalQj dh dk;Zokgh u gksus nsaA

gok ckbZ dh gok fudyh
gok ckbZ] gok&gokbZ gh lkfcr gqbZA ckn esa irk pyk fd gok ckbZ us
tsy dh gok Hkh [kkbZA
rks ;s Fkk----HkkLdj dk I;knk&

^xn~nkj* dk ^;kj*
fejph rks xyh dqRrs dh ekSr ej x;kA ysfdu nSfud HkkLdj ds
jFk ij lokj eueksgu vxzoky ls vle; ;ejkt ds iats esa Qal pqds
vkSj u'ks dh pisV esa vkdj viuk thou ujd cuk pqds vufxur
csdlwj Hkkjr&okfl;ksa dh vkRekvksa dh vksj ls *ekuork* ;g loky
t:j iwN jgh gS fd&
1- gs! jes'k Hkzkrk eueksgu] rqeus ljdkj dks bl Mªx ekfQ;k dh
Hkksiky fLFkRk lEifRr dh lwpuk rqjar nsdj ftEesnkj ukxfjd dk QtZ
D;ksa ugha fuHkk;k\
2- gs! jes'k ds jax esa jaxs eueksgu] xSjdkuwuh rjhds ls vftZr bl
vkradoknh dh lEifRr ds QthZ gLrkarj.k ij rqeus crkSj xokg viuh
eqgj D;ksa yxk nh\ rqeus ,d jk"Vª HkDr gksus dk ifjp; nsrs gq, bl
"kM;a= dh tkudkjh ljdkj dks D;ksa ugha nh\
176

3- gs! Hk;kud eueksgu] eqEcbZ fuoklh vUMjoYMZ MkWu vkSj mldh
QthZ cgu ls rqEgkjk D;k gefnyh okLrk gS\
4- gs! lQsniks'k eueksgu] jk"Vª ds izfr D;k rqEgkjk vkSj yksdra=
ds pkSFks LrEHk dgs tkus okys rqEgkjs v[kckj dk dksbZ dÙkZO; ugha gS\
5- gs! xn~nkjksa ds ^;kj*] rqe dSls ;s Hkwy x, fd ftl Hkkjr ekrk
ds lhus ij rqEgkjk yEgk&yEgk xqtj jgk gS] mls jkSanus okyk dksbZ vkSj
ugha] fejph gS\
eueksgu dk mRrj 'kk;n ;g gS& **gs ekuork! rsjh lnk ijkt;
gks A **
;s gS &

urhtk jes'k lax dk
;s fir`nzkgs h jes'k ds lkFk jgus dk urhtk gSA eueksgu us jes'k ls
dkQh xqj lh[k fy,A blhfy, eueksgu eu dks eksgus okys de] nksgus
okys T;knk lkfcr gq,A ,sls eDdkj dks fèkDdkjrs gq, iqjkuh dgkor dks
^^pksj&pksj] ppsjs HkkbZA**
cnydj ;s dg ldrs gSa fd &^^pks
vkSj ;s Hkh%& eSa rks fdrkc cuk jgk Fkk] eSa rks nqfu;k dks jes'k dk
vlyh psgjk fn[kk jgk Fkk]

mldks ^^fejph^^ yxh rks] eSa D;k d#Wa\
vkSj vafre iz'u] vkids lkspus ds fy, %&
xn~nkjksa dk ;kj] bZ'oj ls dSls cpsxk\ D;k bZ'oj *nSfud HkkLdj*
dh èkkSal esa vk tk;sxk\
vfr dk var gksrk gh gS] bruk lk mRrj gSA
bl vè;k; esa fn, x, rF;ksa dh lpkbZ ds lcwrksa dk voyksdu djus
ds fy, nLrkostksa dk layXu lhMh esa ladyu fd;k x;k gSA blls izek.kksa
ls eq[kkfrc gqvk tk ldrk gSA

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177

iUnzgokWa vè;k;

iqjLdkjksa dh xfjek
rkj&rkj
iqjLdkj dk vlyh gdnkj dkSu
èku ls ugha] èkeZ ls vkneh cM+k curk gSA èkeZ ds iFk esa u
fMxus okyk gh iqjLdkjksa dk vlyh gdnkj gSA
;g T;knk vPNk gS fd rqe iqjLdkjksa ds yk;d cuks vkSj
mls u ikvks] cfuLcr blds fd rqe mls ik tkvks] exj mlds
yk;d u cu ldksA
fdlh egkiq#"k dh Le`fr dks v{kq.; j[kus dks LFkkfir fd, tkus
okys iqjLdkjksa dh xfjek rc rkj&rkj gks tkrh gS] tc os fdlh *vik=*
dks iznku dj fn, tkrs gSaA ,slh gh &

nq?kZVuk ds f'kdkj] ns'k ds rhu vge iqjLdkj
Jh ljLorh iqjLdkj] r#.k ØkWafr vokMZ vkSj jktho xkWaèkh ykbQ
Vkbe vphoesUV vokMZ] jes'kpUnz vxzoky dks feyus ls iwoZ ftl lEeku
ls ns[ks tkrs Fks] mudk egRo voewfY;r gksus ls vc os ml Lrj ls uhsps
fxj dj nks&dkSM+h ds cu x, gSaA

y{eh HkDr dks ljLorh iqjLdkj
ukfld ds dSyk'keB dh efr ekjh xbZ Fkh tks Jh ljLorh
iqjLdkj *dfyuk;d* dks iznku dj fn;kA
foxr Ms<+ n'kdksa esa ljLorh iqjLdkj osn fo|k]laxhr] vè;kRe]
d`f"k] ;ksxfo|k tSls egku {ks=ksa esa dk;Z djus okys ofj"B O;fDr;ksa dks
178

fn;k tkrk jgk gSA ysfdu 2010 esa tSls gh egkjk"Vª ds eq[;ea=h
v'kksd pOgk.k] Lokeh fo|kuan ljLorh vkSj Lokeh fo'os'ojkuan fxjh ds
gkFkksa ls jes'k us vokMZ xzg.k fd;k lh,e pOgk.k dh dqlhZ dks vkokl
vkoaVu ?kksVkys dk dkyk jk{kl Ml x;k vkSj blds ckn v[kckjksa esa
muds bLrhQs dh [kcj NihA
Jh ljLorh iqjLdkj ikus okys vU; egkeuk egkjk"Vª ds
f'ko'kkghj ckck lkgc iqjna js] Lokè;k; ifjokj dh nhnh èkuJh ryojdj]
Lokeh leFkZ lsok dsUnz ds v..kk lkgc eksjs] izfl¼ ioZrkjksgh Lokeh
lqna jkuan] vkpk;Z oh-dqVEq c'kkL=h] vkpk;Z ih;w"k] cukjl fgUnw fo'ofo|ky;
esa laLd`r Hkk"kk ds izks- fd'kksj feJ] oS".ko nsoh eafnj ds izeq[k iqtkjh
vehjpan] 'kkL=h; u`R;kaxuk xhrk panu] nf{k.k xqtjkr esa vkfnokfl;ksa
dh lsok esa viuk iwjk thou vfiZr djus okyh d`".kk nhnh o iz[;kr
rcyk oknd iafMr lqjs'k ryojdj viuh thouHkj dh lkèkuk dks
jes'kpUnz vxzoky dh rqyuk esa vkWads tkus ls Jh ljLorh iqjLdkj
dh xfjek xgjh vkgr gqbZ gSA

mBrk gS] ,d foèoaldkjh l`tukRed i=dkfjrk Hkyk dSls dj
ldrk gS\ cki dks rM+ik dj ekjus okyk ikih vkSj ehfM;k dk fljekSj
cu cSBk cxqyk Hkxr iqjLdkj dk gdnkj dSls \
iqjLdkj nsus okys ;s Hkwy x, fd ftls fut xkSjo dk è;ku jgrk
gS] og fdlh pht dks eq¶r esa ik tkus ds cfuLcr mls vius ikS#"k ls
izkIr djrk gSA
jes'k dks bruk izfrf"Br lEeku D;kas fn;k x;k\ bl loky ls dbZ
vkSj loky iSnk gksrs gSa fd D;k gS &

iqjLdkjksa dk jkt
1-

2-

dgkaW *fdj.k* dgkWa *jes'k*
3viuh rst rjkZj Nfo ls vijkfèk;ksa ds jksaxVs [kM+s dj nsus okyh
ns'k dh igyh efgyk vkbZ-ih-,l- fdj.k csnh ds lkFk lQsniks'k jes'k
dh rqyuk gkL;kLin gSA ysfdu ,slh 'keZukd gjdr dh xbZA
fdj.k dks igyk *r:.k Økafr* vokMZ fn;k x;k] ;g rks cM+h
[kq'kh dh ckr gS] og bls fMtoZ djrh gaSA ysfdu jes'k dks fdj.k ds
cjkcj [kM+k djds vkSj ØkWafrdkjh lar r#.k lkxj th egkjkt ds
lk{khRo esa ;g lEeku fn;k tkuk ,d lPps lar dh izfr"Bk ij
fdruk cM+k vk?kkr gS] ;g Hkxoku tkurs gSaA
eap ls ?kks"k.kk dh xbZ fd fdj.k dks ukjh mRFkku ds fy, vkSj
jes'k dks dUlVªfDVo tuZfyTe ds fy, lEekfur fd;k tk jgk gSA loky

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179

iSls dekus ds ckn vkneh dks lEeku dh bPNk iSnk gksrh gS\
dgha ;s iqjLdkj dh vkM+ esa [kq'kken djkuk rks ugha\ ;k
fQj&
viuk uke v[kckj esa Nioku
Niokus dh xjt ls jes'k dks iqjLd`r
fd;k x;k ;k fQj fdlh xM+cM+h dks nckus ds fy, fj'or dh
txg iqjLdkj Fkek fn;k x;k\ ;k fQj&
fcuk bfrgkl dh tkaWp&iM+rky fd, vkWa[k can dj ;s
iqjLdkj ns fn, x,A [kSj--- dkj.k tks Hkh gks&
iqjLdkj dk lEeku cjdjkj j[kus dh [kkfrj&

iqjLdkj okfil fy, tk,a
cgjgky] iqjLdkj fn;k x;k gS rks okil Hkh fy;k tk ldrk
gSA ,slk fd;k tkuk oDr dk rdktk gSA
csgrj gksxk fjolZ xs;j yxkvks vkSj *r:.k Økafr* lEeku Nhu
yksA Nhu yks rkfd iz[kj tSu lar dk lEeku vfM+x jgsA jktho xkWaèkh
ykbQ Vkbe vphoesUV vokMZ dh VªkWQh Hkh jes'k ds egy esa 'kksHkk ugha
nsrh] jktho xkWaèkh dk lEeku vfMx j[kus dh [kkfrj mls eqDr djk;k
180

lksygokWa vè;k;

tkuk t:jh gSA

;s iqjLdkj fdls nas\
afir`
fir`&nzksgh vFkkZr cki dks Bksdks vokMZ]

jes'k] rqe xHkZ esa gh
D;ksa ugha ej x;s\

Hkxuh gdekj vokMZ]
dqy ?kkrd vokMZ]
ijk;k eky viuk vokMZ]
vkSjaxtsc jRu]
uVoj yky lEeku]
Hkw&ekfQ;k vokMZ]
loZJs"B fxjfxV vokMZ]
pkyckt Jh iqjLdkj]
Jh;qr QthZokM+k f'kjkse.kh]
ykbZQ VkbZe phfVaxesaV vokMZ]
pksjh vkSj lhuktksjh vokMZ]
Jh&Jh ,d lkS vkB cVs pkj lkS chl (108@420)
vokMZ]
vkd Fkw lEeku A
d`i;k ikBd bl lacèk esa viuh vksj ls uke izLrkfor djsaA

dfyuk;d

*j* ls jko.k] *j* ls jes'k
vc LokHkkfod gh :i ls ;g iz'u mB [kM+k gksrk gS fd tks
eka&cki] cgu] HkkbZ vkSj pkpk dk ugha gqvk] vketu dk] ns'k dk ugha
gqvk] og fdldk gks ldrk gS\ og gj fdlh dk ugha gks ldrkA og gks
ldrk gS rks flQZ iSls dk] ftldh vkd`fr mlds ftLe&tsgu esa iwjh
rjg clh gqbZ gSA
je $ ,s'k ¾ jes'k ;kuh tks ges'kk ,s'k esa gh jek jgsA ;Fkk uke
rFkk dkeA mls nhu nqfu;k ls dksbZ okLrk ughaA
izlaxo'k ge jke vkSj jes ' k dh rqyuk djsa rks ik;saxs fd%&
,d unh ds nks fdukjs&

jke vkSj jes'k
blh Hkkjro"kZ esa ,d *jke* gq,] ftUgksaus firk ds opu dh
ykt j[kus ds fy, iwjk jktikV R;kx dj pkSng o"kZ dk ouokl
[kq'kh&[kq'kh Lohdkj dj fy;kA blhfy, mUgsa e;kZnk iq#"kksÙke dgk
tkrk gSA
vkSj blh Hkkjro"kZ esa ,d *jes'k* gq,] ftUgksaus vius jktikV
dks c<+kus ds fy,] vius cki dks gh ouokl ns fn;k] mUgsa mudh izkiVhZ
nSfud HkkLdj ls ges'kk ds fy, pyrk dj fn;kA ftlus ifjokj]lekt
vkSj ns'k dks èkks[kk fn;kA blfy, mls ve;kZnk iq#"kksvèke dg ldrs
gSaA
181

182

'ks[k lknh us dgk gS fd %&
%&tks vR;kpkjh gS] mldk lksuk tkxus
ls Js;Ldj gS] lR; rks ;g gS fd mlds thou ls mldk ej.k gh
Js;Ldj gSA mUgs thus dk dksbZ vfèkdkj ugha gSA
xq#a ok ckyo`¼kS ok czkã.ka ok cgqJqre~A
vkrrkf;uek;kUra gU;knsokfopkj;u~AA euq&Le`frAA
pkgs xq# gks] pkgs iq= vkfn ckyd gksa] pkgs firk vkfn o`¼ pkgs
czkã.k vkSj pkgs cgqr 'kkL=ksa dk Jksrk D;ksa u gks] tks èkeZ dks NksM+
vèkeZ esa jgdj] nwljs dks fcuk vijkèk ekjus okys gSa] mudks fcuk
fopkjs ekj Mkyuk vFkkZr~ ekjus ds i'pkr~ fopkj djuk pkfg,A
ukrrkf;oèks nks"kks gUrqHkZofr d'puA
izdk'ka ok·izdk'ka ok eU;qLra eU;qe`PNfrAA
nq"V&iq#"kksa ds ekjus esa gUrk dks iki ugha gksrkA pkgs lcds
lkeus ekjs pkgs ,dkUr esaA D;ksafd Øksèkh dks Øksèk ls ekjuk tkuks Øksèk
ls Øksèk dh yM+kbZ gSA
ekuo---- ,sls jgks fd] èkjrh cks> rqEgkjk lg ysA viuh vkRek
dks ekjdj thus ls rks ekSr vPNhA rqedks dkSu ekj ldrk gSA rqe rks igys
ls ejs&ejk;s gksA ,slk gh dgk x;k gS&
fèkd~ ra lqra ;% firqjhfIlrkFk±
{keks·fi lUu izfrikn;sn~ ;%A
tkrsu fda rsu lqrsu dkea
firquZ fpUrka fg leq¼jsn~ ;%AA nsohHkkxor (2A5A44)
ml iq= dks fèkDdkj gS] tks leFkZ gksrs gq, Hkh firk ds euksjFk
dks iw.kZ djus esa m|r ugha gksrkA tks firk dh fpUrk dks nwj ugha dj
ldrk] ml iq= ds tUe ls D;k iz;kstu gS \
vkSj blhfy, vafre iz'u%&
jes'k] rqe xHkZ esa gh D;ksa ugha ej x;s\

dfyuk;d

183

l=gokWa vè;k;

jes'k dh ew<+rk
;s vkidk ije lkSHkkX; gS fd vxys 20 i`"Bksa esa vkidks tks Kku
fn;k tk jgk gS] mldh dher lalkj esa ekStwn lkjh ewY;oku oLrqvksa dh
rqyuk esa mruh gh gS] ftruh dh lw;Z ds lkeus nhid dhA
;gh og Kku gS] tks vkidks eLr thou fcrkus esa ennxkj gksxkA
;gh Kku vkidks nq[kksa ls] gkfu;ksa ls cpkus esa Hkh ennxkj gksxkA

vc dqN ikuk] 'ks"k ugha jgk
bl vè;k; esa 2000 i`"Bksa dk Kku 20 i`"Bksa esa ;kuh lw= :i esa
lekfgr fd;k x;k gSA bldk eryc ;g gqvk fd vkidks bu 20 i`"Bksa
dks lSdM+ksa ckj i<+uk] le>uk] ;kn djuk vkSj O;kogkfjd thou esa
mrkjuk gksxkA rc ;g Kku vkidh ftUnxh dks cny dj j[k nsxkA
rc vkidks ,slk yxsxk fd tks dqN ikuk Fkk] og lc ik fy;kA vc
dqN ikuk 'ks"k ugha jgkA ;gh rks thou dh lcls cM+h lQyrk gSA

dfyuk;d ifjokj dk thou n'kZu
fcuk dkj.k ds dksbZ dk;Z ugha gksrkA ;g dkj.k&dk;Z dk fl¼kar]
vVy gSA blfy, ;gka loky ;g mBrk gS fd vkf[kj D;ksa gksrh gS iki
dh izo`fÙk] D;ksa fd;k jes'k ifjokj us ikikpkj\

jes'k&ifjokj us mYVs èkaèks D;ksa fd;s\
nqfu;k esa bl loky ls T;knk egRoiw.kZ loky dksbZ ughaA bldk
tokc gS& mYVk&Kku gksus ds dkj.k mYVs&dke fd;sA mYVk Kku ;kuh
ew[kZrk] tSls fd jLlh dks lkaWi le>ukA pkj izdkj dk mYVk Kku gksrk
184

irk Hkh ugha pyk
vkSj og rks
FkksM+s ls [kPksZ esa gh
chr xbZ ]
oSls gh cM+h tYnh ls
ckdh cph ftUnxh Hkh chr tk;sxhA
og le; cM+h tYnh vk,xkA**

gSA eryc] jes'k ds eu esa fuEufyf[kr pkj izdkj dk mYVk Kku
fo|eku FkkA og %&
vLFkk;h pht dks LFkk;h (fuR;) le>rk gSA
gkfudkjd (v'kq¼) dks Qk;ns ea n ('kq¼) le>rk gSA
nq % [k dks lq [ k le>rk gSA
ijk;
ijk;s dks viuk (vkRe:i) le>rk gSA

mYVs Kku dk mYVk ifj.kke
jes'k vius mYVs Kku ds vkèkkj ij gh dk;Z djrk gSA bl izdkj
mijksDr pkj dkj.kksa ds cEcqvksa ij jes'k ds ikiksa dk racw [kM+k gsSA ;g
pkj rjg dh ew[kZrk gh jes'k ifjokj ds ikiksa dh otg gSA ,slk gh dgk
Hkh gS& *,"kk prq"ink HkoR;fo|k ewyL; Dys'klUrkuL; dekZ'k;L; p
lfoikdL;sfrA* (;ksx Hkk"; 2@5)
lkjs dks ,d lkFk le>uk dfBu gSA blfy, ,d ds ckn ,d ;s pkj
jkt [kksy jgs gSaA vkb,] jes'k dh igyh ew[kZrk dks le>sa%&

igyh ew[kZrk
(1) dfyuk;d vkSj mlds dquos dks yxrk Fkk fd&

ftUnxh cgqr cM+h gSA
os lksprs Fks fd& viuh yEch ftUnxh dks fcrkus ds fy, muds }kjk
nSfud HkkLdj vkSj Mh-oh- dkiZ fyfeVsM ds ekè;e ls vc rd dekbZ xbZ
gtkj djksM+ dh lEifÙk Hkh de iM+sxhA blfy, os ges'kk gk iSlk] gk iSlk]
gk iSlk gh djrs jgsA os fouk'k'khy pht dks LFkk;h (fuR;) le>rs gSA
ljklj xyr lksprs gSa osA
os bl okLrfodrk dks Hkwy x;s fd%&

tSls mudh vkèkh ls T;knk ftUnxh dk
dfyuk;d

185

,slk gh dgk gS fd&
vkxkg viuh ekSr dk] dksbZ clj ugh]
lkeku lkS cjl dk
dk] iy dh [kcj ughaA
'kkfCnd :i esa rks ;s ekurs gSa] ysfdu vkpj.k **vc ge vej Hk,-- uk ejsaxs** ,slk djrs gSaA
fiNyh iafDr esa ;g ckr fy[kh Fkh& ckdh cph ftUnxh Hkh chr
tk;sxh] blh ckr ls fudyh ,d ckr dks dfyuk;d daiuh ds yksx
Hkwy x;s fd%&
'kjhj] èku&nkSyr lc dqN ;gha NwV tk;sxkA
**lc dqN ;gha NwV tk;sxk** ;kuh og gekjs dke ugha vk,xk
vk,xkA
dQu esa tscas ugha gksrh] thouHkj dk tek tek;k [kkrk vpkud thjks
ij vk tkrkA
ekSr ds gkFkksa lHkh dqN NksM+rk gS vknehA blhfy, rks jes'k dk lkFk
fuHkkus dk oknk djus okyh iRuh 'kkjnk us jes'k dk lkFk NksM+ fn;kA bl
ckr ls ;g jkt [kqyk fd %&
1186

**'kjhj] èku vkfn lc phtksa ls gekjk lacaèk vfuR; gSA**
bldk eryc ;s fudyk fd ,d le; ,slk vk,xk tc ilanhnk nsg
gh jes'k dk lkFk ugha nsxh] rc&
jes'k dh dekbZ nSfud HkkLdj vkSj daiuh Mh- oh dkiZ rks jgsxh]
ysfdu mudk vkUkUn mBkus okyk jes'k dgha ugha fn[ksxkA
jes'k dk edku] nqdku] QSDVªh vkSj cSad csyUs l rks jgsxk]
ysfdu mldk vkuUn mBkus ds fy, jes'k ughaA
ftu vueksy inkFkks± dks ge dysts ls yxk;s fQjrs Fks] ogh vkt gesa
csdkj utj vkrs gSa] gekjs nq%[k dk dkj.k cu tkrs gSaA
tSls fd& ,d le; }kjdk izlkn] jes'k dks dysts ls yxk;s fQjrs
Fks---dkykUrj esa ogh jes'k mUgsa e`R;q ds }kj rd igqapkdj gh pSu ls cSBkA
bl ckr ls ;g jkt [kqyk fd %&

**lkjs lacaèk LokFkZ ds gSaA**
(2) dfyuk;d vkSj mlds ifjokj dks yxrk Fkk fd&

lc dqN geus vius fy, dek;k
mudk ;g lkspuk xyr FkkA lp rks ;s gS fd&
ge vius dek, dk ukeek= fgLlk gh vius thou esa mi;ks x
dj ikrs gSaA
ns[kk nksLrks] ge ckr ls ckr fudky jgs gSaA ;gh cqf¼ekuh dh
fu'kkuh gSA
fiNyh iafDr esa ;g ckr dgh fd& ** ukeek= dekbZ vius thou
dky esa mi;ksx djrs gSa** bl ckr ls vc ;s loky mBrk gS fd ge
T;knkrj vius fy, ugha rks fdlds fy, dekrs gSa\ fdlds fy, vki
bruk èku ,df=r dj jgs gSa\ mÙkj gS & fuf'pr :i ls nwljksa ds fy,A
bl ckr ls xgjk jkt [kqyk fd njvly %&
dfyuk;d
.187

thou Hkj ge]
T;knkrj
nwljksa ds fy, dekrs gSa]
vius fy, ughaA
jsy ds batu gSa ge----- tks vius lkFk&lkFk <sj lkjs fMCcksas dks pykus
ds fy, py jgs gSaA blh ls ;g Hksn [kqyk fd vkids mÙkjkfèkdkjh Hkh
viuk T;knkrj le; nwljksa ds fy, dekus esa fcrkrs gSaA vki viuk u
ds cjkcj le; vkSj 'kfDr vius fy, vkSj viuk ckdh lkjk le; vkSj
'kfDr ijk;ksa ds fy, dekus esa yxkrs gSaA vjs! ;g rks ogh ckr gqbZ fd&
**esgur djs eqxkZ] v.Mk [kk;s Qdhj**A
fcYdqy iksLVesu dh rjg] dfyuk;d nw l jks a ls gM+ i dj nw l jks a
dks ns jgk gSA
vxj dfyuk;d vkSj mlds dquos dks ;g jkt irk gksrk rks os nwljksa
ds lkFk vU;k; ugha djrsA
(3) 'kjhj] èku vkfn lc phtksa ls gekjk lacaèk vfuR; gS] Åij
dgh bl ckr ls fudyh ;g okLrfodrk dfyuk;d&eaMyh Hkwy x;h
%&
fd%&

nqfu;k dh gj pht cnyrh gS
bl ckr ls ;g jkt [kqyk fd njvly %&
ftruh T;knk phtsa bdV~Bk djsaxs--mruh T;knk phtsa cnyrh vkS j u"V gksrh ns[ksaxs--mlls mruh ckj] mruh gh ek=k esa nq%[kh gksaxsA
vxj vki ,d pht cnyrh ns[ksaxs rks ,d ckj nq[kh gksaxs vkSj ftruh
1 88

vfèkd phtsa bdV~Bh djsax]s mruk vfèkd mudks cnyrs ns[kdj] mrus
xquk nq[kh gksaxsA
ek;k (nkSyr) dHkh fLFkj ugha jgrhA ;gh gS& bl *vfuR;&lalkj*
ds *vLFkk;h* jgus dk *nq%[k*A oLrqr% ;g viuh gjsd ilanhnk pht
ds *cnyus* vkSj *u jgus dk* nq%[k gSA
dfyuk;d vkSj mldk ifjokj rks ;g ekudj iki deZ ls nSfud
HkkLdj vkSj Mh-oh- dkiZ fyfeVsM ds tfj, laifÙk bdV~Bh djrk gS fd&

dekbZ oLrqvksa ls ge lnk lq[kh jgsaxsA
;s mudh ,dne xyr lksp gSA os bl okLrfodrk dks Hkwy x;s
fd%&
lHkh lkalkfjd oLrqvksa ls lq[k feyuk FkksM+h nsj ds ckn cUn gks tkrk
gSA blds ckn vkxs ml oLrq ds lEidZ ls O;fä Åcus yxrk gSA dekbZ
oLrq ls lnk lq[k ysus s dh bPNk j[kdj&
os bu *vLFkk;h&phtksa* ls *yxkrkj* lq[k u feyus dk
*nq %[k* vkSj--yxkrkj lq[k ysus ds iz;kl esa yxs jgus ij muls *Åcus* dk
*nq %[k* Hkksxs tk jgs gSaA
blls ;s xgjk jkt [kqyk fd %&

** lkalkfjd lq[k {kf.kd gSA og gesa gj le; lq[kh
ugha j[k ldrkA**
tks fujUrj ljd jgk gS] vLFkk;h gS] oks lalkj LFkk;h lq[k dSls ns
ldrk gS\ bl ckr ls dfyuk;d&ifjokj dh mBk&iVd dk jkt [kqyk
fd D;ksa os vius dks QSykrs tk jgs gSaA dkj.k ;gh gS fd muds ikl dh
dksbZ Hkh oLrq mUgs pkSchlksa ?kaVs ets esa ugha j[k ik jgh gSA

dfyuk;d

.189

;gkaW rd geus bu Ng ckrksa dks tkuk%&
1- le; dk irk gh ugha pyrk vkSj lkjh ftUnxh chr tkrh
gSA
2- thouHkj ge] T;knkrj nwljksa ds fy, dekrs gSaA
3- phtksa ls gekjk lacaèk vfuR; gS] lnk jgus okyk ugha gSA
4- lkjs lacèk LokFkZ ds gSaA
5- ftruh viuh phtsa cnyrh ns[ksaxs] mruh ckj] mruh
ek=k esa nq%[kh gksaxsA
6- nqfu;k dh dksbZ Hkh pht gesa gj {k.k [kq'k ugha j[k ldrhA
;g rks lkalkfjd oLrqvksa ds lacaèk esa dfyuk;d&dfyoa'k ds fnekx
esa ekStwn igyh ew[kZrk dh ppkZ gqbZA ysfdu dgkuh ;gha [kRe ugha gks
tkrhA vkb,] vc jes'k dh nwljh ew[kZrk dks le>sa%&

nwljh ew[kZrk
(1) nwljh ckr ;g gS fd] mUgsa yxrk Fkk fd&

dkyh dekbZ djuk *vklku* gSA
jes'k lewg ds yksx lksprs Fks fd& bl dke esa *ys
ysus ds nsus* ugha
iM+xas As blfy, os bl okLrfodrk dks Hkwy x;s fd] lHkh lkalkfjd oLrqvksa
dh&
dekbZ djus esa]
dek;s gq, dh j{kk djus esa]
j{kk fd;s dks c<+ k us esa] vkSj
c<+k;s gq, dks [kpZ djus (Hkksxus) esa]

vfuok;Zr% cgqr 'kkjhfjd&ekufld d"V vkrs gSaA
jes'k tc ,dkar esa vkaW[k can dj bl fn'kk esa lkspsxk rks mls irk
1190

pysxkk fd dekus ds fy, dh xbZ esgur pkgs og 'kkjhfjd gks ;k
ekufld] lcdks d"V nsrh gSA nwljksa ds fy, iSlk dekus dh [kkfrj jes'k
us cgqr ri&R;kx fd,A
(2) bl ckr ls ;s xgjk jkt [kqyk fd njvly&

os vuqfpr dks mfpr ekurs gSa
mudh utj esa Vdk (iSlk) gh èkeZ gS] Vdk gh deZ gS] vkSj Vdk
gh ije in gSA eryc] os vfèkd iSls dekuk vkSj **ijk;k eky viuk**
(gM+ius) dks xyr ugha ekursA blfy, os bUgsa *fgrdj* (Qk;nsean)
ekudj xzg.k djrs tk jgs gSaA
os ,slk lksp jgs gSa fd ;s gh ftUnxh gS] ,slk gh fd;k vkSj ft;k
tkrk gSA tks fd;k--- vPNk fd;kA mUgksus thou dk ,d ,slk n`f"Vdks.k
cuk fy;k gS] ftlesa mUgsa viuh fLFkfr vPNh vkSj Lohdk;Z tku iM+rh
gSA Hkys gh og fLFkfr fdruh gh cqjh gh D;ksa uk gksA
os ;g Hkwy jgs gSa fd%& bu dkeksa esa yxs jgus ls jkx (yksHk)]
}s"k (Øksèk) vkSj vfHkfuos'k (e`R;q&Hk;) uked *Dys'k* iSnk gksdj eu dks
v'kkar vkSj vfLFkj dj jgss gSaA vkSj jkx&}s"k ls izsfjr gksdj fQj fgalk]
>wB vkfn ds lkFk dke djus ls dbZ rjg dh *gkfu* gks jgh gSA ml gkfu
ls mUgs bl thou esa *nq%[k* fey jgk gSA
os vkxs nwj dh ugha lksp ik jgs gaS fd tc bl iqLrd ds ;k fdlh
vkSj ekè;e ls lkjh nqfu;k dks muds dqdeksZ dk irk pysxk rks mudk
dksbZ viuk ugha jgsxk] ftls jes'k ij fo'okl gksA jes'k ds lkjs fj'rs&ukrs
#i;ksa ds fcukg ij fVds gSaA vc lekt esa mudk lEeku [kRe gkss tk,xk]
yksx muls nwj HkkxsaxsA lkjk ra= gjdr esa vk tk,xk] muds f[kykQ
vijkfèkd ekeyk pyk;k tk,xk] mUgs gFkdM+h igukbZ tk,xh] tsy dh

dfyuk;d

191

ltk Hkksxuh iM+sxhA dkyk lkezkT; èkM+ke ls tehu ij vk fxjsxkA ;g
fdrkc jes'k ds ikiksa dk ?kM+k Hkjus dk ladrs gSA mlds QSyk;s reke
dkys lkezkT; ds vLr gksus dk fMefMe ?kks"k gSA
vkSj Hkh u iwfN, fd jes'k vkSj mlds dquos dks dSlk&dSlk n.M
Hkqxruk iM+sxkA
os vkxs nwj dh ugha lksp ik jgs gaS fd lc NksM+ ds ejuk gSA vkSj
ejus ds ckn gesas eks{k rks ugha feysxk] mYVs ikiksa dk naM vo'; Hkksxuk
iM+xs kA muls tkfr] vk;q vkSj Hkksx :ih *nq%[k* Hkh vo';eso Hkksxuk
iM+sxkA tkfr ;kuh lalkj esa *tUe* ysus ls fQj nksckjk ew[kZrk ls tUes
vkè;kfRed nq[k dks] nwljksa ls feyus okys vkfèkHkkSfrd nq[k dks
vkSj ck<+] HkwdEi vkfn ls feyus okys vkfèknSfod *nq%[k* dks Hkksxuk
iM+xs kA
lkj ;g gS fd os vuqfpr dks mfpr eku dj igys rks eu esa Dys'kksa
dks iSnk djrs gSa] fQj os gh Dys'k jes'k dks u pSu ls jgus nsrs gSa] u pSu
ls ejus nsrs gSaA

rhljh ew[kZrk
rhljh ckr ;g gS fd] dfyuk;d vkSj mlds dquos dks yxrk Fkk fd
uksVksa dh lst ij lksus esa gh vkuUn gSA ftruk vfèkd èku gksxk] mruk
vfèkd lq[kh gksaxsA vkSj dkyh&

dekbZ bd§h djus ls nq%[k ugha] *lq[k* feysxkA
jes'k&ifjokj ds yksx bl okLrfodrk dks Hkwy x;s fd fdruk
Hkh dekvks] vftZr fd, x, vfuR; vkSj v'kq¼ lkalkfjd Hkksxksa esa]
gj ckj ;gh nks ckrsa eglwl gksaxh fd %&
(igyh) gk;&gk;] tks feyk--- og de FkkA
192

(nwljh) exj ns[k ysuk----vxyh ckj ugha NksM+wxk] eSa ;g deh
iwjh dj gh ywWaxkA
;gkaW os ;g Hkwy x;s Fks fd%&
vxyh ckj dksbZ u dksbZ pky pydj] èkks[kkèkM+h dj] vU;k; dj]
QthZokM+s dh dekbZ dj ;kuh vxys u;s VkjxsV dks iwjk dj os euekfQd
miyfCèk t:j ik ysaxs ysfdu ml miyfCèk dks ikrs gh mUgsa nksckjk ;gh
yxsxk fd&
**og deh--- bl ckj iwjh ugha gqbZA**
os ;g jkt dh ckr Hkwy x;s Fks fd%&
deh iwjh djus dk vxyk ekSdk dHkh ugha feysxkA ejrs ne rd os
blh deh dks iwjk djus ds pDdj esa iM+s jgsaxAs os vkSj] vkSj] vkSj dh
jV yxkrs&yxkrs viuk isV] viuh frtksjh] viuh lUnwd lc ds lc
Hkjrs jgsaxs ysfdu ifj.kke fQj Hkh <kd ds rhu ikr ;kuh igys tSlk gh
jgsxkA vafre fu"d"kZ fudysxk fd &
**og deh dHkh Hkh iwjh ugha gksxhA**
mUgs ;g irk ugha Fkk fd%&

bl lalkj dk LoHkko gh ,slk gSA mlesa fdlh dks
larq"V djus dh {kerk ugha gSA lalkj ds bl LoHkko
dks bZ'oj Hkh ugha cny ldrkA
Hkksxksa esa vr`fIr gksrh gSA lc dqN ikdj Hkh vèkwjsiu dk vglkl
cuk jgrk gSA 99 dk Qsj gS] dHkh uk iwjh gksus okyh bPNk,saA fny ekxs
eksj] xkrk jgrk gSA jes'k cjlksa ls uksV fxurk Fkd ugha jgk gS vkSj papy
ek;k] mls upk jgh gSA ikl ds uksV mls vPNs ugha yxrs] blfy, mldh
fuxkg vkl&iM+kl
s ds rkts&rkts uksVksa ij jgrhA rks lh[k ;gh gS fd&
'kkfUriwoZd lq[k dh uhan lksus dh vkl esa vkneh thouHkj fo"k;ksa dk
dfyuk;d
193

fcNkou gh fcNkrs&fcNkrs vr`Ir gksdj pyk tkrk gSA eryc] vzPNs ls
jgsaxs] vzPNs ls jgsaxs] ;s vk'kk djrs&djrs fdrus gh tUe chr tkrs
gS a A
njvly] vr`Ir ykylk :ih e`xekjhfpdk ds pDdj esa Qal
x;k gS jes'kA *vr`fIr* ls tks *nq%[k* eglwl gqvk rks mls gVkus ds fy,
os vkSj] vkSj] vkSj ds Qsj esa iM+ x,A
vkSj] vkSj] vkSj ds Qsj esa iM+dj os ;g Hkwy x;s Fks fd os nq%[k
c<+kus dk dke dj jgsa gSa] D;ksafd tSls vkx esa ?kh Mkyus ls og vkSj
izTtofyr gksrh gS] oSls gh fQj bl vr`fIr ds dkj.k ls mitk
vèkwjis u dk vglkl ml Hkksx dks vkSj T;knk ek=k esa Hkksxus dh bPNk
iSnk djrk gSA bl fLFkfr esa vkidk eqWag lqjlk dk eqag cu tk,xkA ftrus
Hkh #i, Mkyks can ugha gksxkA mYVk--- oks vkSj [kqyrk pyk tk,xkA blls
irk pyk fd&
**tSls&tSls dekrs tk,axs] oSls&oSls bPNk c<+rh tk,xh] ;g
c<+rh bPNk dh ekStwnxh] vkneh dks foo'k vkSj nq%[kh djsxhA**
ls* Hkh jes'k&ifjokj ds yksx
ml c<+h gqbZ bPNk dh *iwfrZ u gksus l
*nq%[kh* gks jgs gSaA ;g nq%[k *ifj.kke nq%[k* dgykrk gSA ;gh oks otg gS]
ftlds dkj.k ls nqfu;k dh gjsd oLrq feyus ds igys rd gh vPNh
yxrh gSA
vtZ fd;k gS&
mezs njkt ekax ds yk;s Fks pkj fnu
nks vkjt
vkjtw esa dV x;s] nks ba r tkj esa----A
gedks yxrk gS fd tks feyk--- og de gSA ysfdu ;s ,d ,slh deh
gS tks dHkh iwjh ugha gksxh ljdkjA ysfdu ge ;g eglwl ugha dj ikrs
fd ge igkM+ [kksndj] dsoy pwgk ikrs gSaA
194

os bl vfuok;Z fu;e dks Hkh Hkwy x;s Fks fd&
ftrus vfèkd lq[k ds lkèkuksa dks bdB~Bs djrs gSa] mlesa
mruh vfèkd ckèkk,a vkrh gSaA
muds }kjk nSfud HkkLdj vkSj Mh-oh-dkiZ fyfeVsM ds
ekè;e
ls vc rd dekbZ xbZ gtkj djksM+ dh lEifÙk dks izkIr djus ds fy,
iz;kljr jgus ds nkSjku dbZ;ksa ckj mudh izkfIr esa dksbZ u dksbZ ckèkk
vk;hA dqy feykdj bl ekxZ esa cgqr lkjh ckèkk,Wa vkb±A fu;e ;s gS fd&
vPNs dke esa de vkSj cqjs dke esa T;knk ckèkk,a vkrh gSaA
u tkus fdl&fdl ls jes'k dks iaxk ysuk iM+kA dHkh cki ls rks dHkh
NksVh ekaW ls] dHkh cgu gseyrk ls] rks dHkh dkdk fo'EHkj ls rks dHkh
dkdk egs'k ls] rks dHkh egs'k&iq= lat; ls] dHkh fdlh vfèkdkjh ls rks
dHkh fojksèkh v[kckj ls rkss dHkh fojksèkh O;kikjh ls] rks dHkh fdlh ussrk
ls] rks dHkh fdlh U;k;kèkh'k lsA jes'k ds vkadM+s curs&fcxM+rs jgsA
ftruh ckj&

feyrk jgsxk& ,slk ugha dgk tk ldrk] D;ksafd lkjk lalkj gh vfuR;
gSA blfy, lalkj dh dksbZ Hkh pht pkgs og ltho gks ;k futhZo ;k nwljs
ls cus gekjs lacaèk] pkgs os ikfjokfjd gkas ;k O;kolkf;d] os lc ds lc
LFkk;h ugha gaSA blfy, gesa tks lq[k vkSj lq[k&lkèku igyh ckj feyk]
ogh vkxs Hkh feys] ;g t:jh ugha gSA
os bl vfuok;Z fu;e dks Hkwy x;s Fks fd&
*lq[k ds nksckjk u feyus* ij *nq%[k* ;kuh mlls oafpr gksus ij
fQj igys feys lq[k dks ;kn dj nq%[k feyrk gSA
lq[k ls oafpr gksus ij nq[k gksrk gSA ;g mUgas le> ugha vk;k fd
bl izdkj dk *laLdkj nq%[k* os [kqn gh iSnk dj vius nq'eu vki cu
jgsa gaSA
ftruh T;knk phtsa bdV~Bk djsaxs] vkxs pydj--mruh T;knk phtksa ls vius dks oafpr gksrk ns[ksaxs---

vkSj fQj
mruh ckj] mruh gh ek=k esa mldks ;kn

*vMa+xs* vk,] os nq%[kh gq,
ysfdu mUgsa ;g le> ugha vk;k fd ;g *rki nq%[k* vkSj] vkSj] vkSj
ds pDdj esa iM+dj os [kqn gh iSnk dj jgs gSaA blds fy, nwljk dksbZ
ftEesnkj ugha gSA fcuk vkSj] vkSj] vkSj dks NksM+s bl nq%[k ls eqfDr ugha
feyuhA ysfdu jes'k eaMyh dks ;s le>k, dkSu\
os bl vfuok;Z fu;e dks Hkh Hkwy x;s Fks fd gj ckj fcYyh ds HkkX;
ls Nhadk ugha VwVrk ;kuh &
tks tSlk igyh ckj feyk] og gh oSlk---- vkxs Hkh feys] ;g
t:jh ugha gSA
vkt tks lq[k] lq[k dk lkèku feyk] og vkus okys le; esa Hkh
dfyuk;d
195

dj&dj nq%[kh

gks a x s A
fu;e gS& oLrq vkrh gS rks lq[k ysdj--- vkSj tkrh gS] rks nq[k nsdjA
vkSj oLrq tkrh gS vfuok;ZA blfy, ikus dk lq[k yksxs rks [kksus dk nq[k
ysus ds fy, Hkh [kqn dks rS;kj dj yksA gj lacaèk] gj pht ls bruk
T;knk tqM+ x, fd tc NwVrh gS rks gekjs vanj mruh T;knk nq[k dh
izo`fÙk dk tUe gksrk gSA
lalkj lr] jt vkSj re] bu rhu ijLij fojksèkh xq.kksa ls feydj
cuk gqvk gSA blfy, lalkj esa }U} pyrk gh jgrk gSA ,d oLrq ds izfr
ijLij nks rjg ds fopkj eu esa iSnk gksus ds dkj.k] ;kuh *fojksèkh
196

fopkjksa* dh otg l
ls vUrZ}Un ;k erfHkUurk gksus ls Hkh os *nq%[kh*
gks jgs gaSA bls *xq.ko`fÙk fojksèk* nq%[k dgrs gSaA jes'k dh lkbdksykWth dk
fo'ys"k.k gks jgk gS] mlls irk pyrk gS fd jes'k dks xq.ko`fÙkfojksèk nq[k
ls nq[kh gksus dh f'kdk;r Hkh gSA
mijksDr mfYyf[kr bu lc ckrksa ls irk pyrk gS fd jes'k vkSj
mldk dquck Hkwyo'k &

**nq%[k** dks **lq[k** le> cSBk gSA
jes'k vkSj mldk dquck nq%[k dks lq[k le>dj Hkksx jgk gS vkSj
le> ;g jgk gS fd tks Hkqxrk tk jgk gS] og nq%[k ugha] lq[k gSA
;g rhljs izdkj dh vfo|k ;kuh *nq%[k dks lq[k ekuus* ls izkIr gksus
okys nq%[k gaSA

pkSFkh ew[kZrk
pkSFkh ckr ;g gS fd dfyuk;d vkSj mlds ifjokj dks yxrk Fkk
fd&

bruh èku&lEifÙk vkus ls ge vkSj
*cM+s* gks tk;saxsA
os le>rs gSa fd ftruh vfèkd laifRr c<+k,ax]s mrus cM+s cuaxs As
ftrus cM+s cuasxs] mruk vfèkd lq[kh gksaxsA blfy, os nwljksa dh laifRr
gM+irs jgsA bl izdkj os vgadkj dh iwfrZ esa viuk fodkl le>rs jgsA
os bl egkokLrfodrk dks Hkwy x;s fd %&
**fodkl tks Hkh gksrk gS] vius ls fHkUu phtksa dk gksrk gSA** vkSj
vkRek dksbZ NksVh&cM+h] eksVh&iryh ugha gksrh gSA dgus dk eryc ;g
gS fd gkFkh dh vksV esa [kM+k gksdj xèkk gkFkh ugha cu tkRkkA

dfyuk;d

197

os ijk;h pht dks vius ls vyx ugha le> ik jgs gSaA blhfy, vkt
dh rkjh[k rd os ijk, dks viu
vius ls vyx ugha dj ik jgs gSaA os [kqn
dks *nSfud HkkLdj* vkSj Mh-ch-dkiZ gh le>us yxs gSaA vius vki esa ,d
cgqr cM+h laLFkk cu x, gSaA os >wBs gh mldh 'kfDr dks viuh 'kfDr eku
dj Qwy jgs gaSA laLFkkvksa dh 'kfDr dks viuh 'kfDr eku dj vkos'k esa
vk x, gaSA
vius ls fHkUu bu phtksa dks viuk le>us dh bl ew[kZrk ds dkj.k
os vius Lo:i dks Hkwydj] os tks ugha gaS] mlh dks vius vanj vfHkO;Dr
djus esa] Lo;a dks *nqfu;kHkj* dks fn[kkus dhs ps"Vk esa] Lo;a dks [kpZ djus
esa yxs gq, gSaA
iRuh] iq=] fj'rsnkj] èku] lEeku] edku] nSfud HkkLdj v[kckj
vkSj Mh-oh- dkiZ vkfn daiuh tks mldh vkRek dk fgLlk ugha gSa] mUgsa
viuh vkRek dk fgLlk ekudj] os dgha fNu u tk,a ;k u"V u gks tk,]
,slh 'kadk dj jes'k viuh vkRek dks *u"V* o *yqVk&fiVk* ekudj
fpa f rr gksrk jgrk gSA
og *ijk, ds yqVus* dks **viuk yqVuk ekudj**] *nq%[k* eukrk
gSA ;g vukRek dks vkRek ekuus ds dkj.k mRiék gksus okyk nq%[k gSA bl
rjg os nq[k dh iVjh is pyus okyh xkM+h esa cSB pqds gSaA

ew[kZrk dk igyk ifj.kke&vgadkj
ikWapoh ckr ;g gS fd
fd%& thokRek *vfodkjh* ;kuh *vifj.kkeh* gksus
ls mldh ewy fLFkfr esa dHkh Hkh dksbZ *cnyko ugha* gksrk gSA
rkRi;Z gS& vkRek rks nwj ls gh lq[k o lq[knk;d oLrq dks ns[krk
Hkj gS] mldk Kku&ek= izkIr djrk jgrk gS] ij og mls vius vUnj
fcYdqy Hkh ugha ysrk gSA vkRek dk njoktk ugha [kqyrk fd oLrq vanj
?kql tk,A og blls loZFkk fufyZ I r jgrk gSA
198

bl izdkj nSfud HkkLdj v[kckj vkSj Mh-oh- dkiZ vkfn daiuh tks
Hkh lq[knk;d oLrq dk jes'k th lsou dj jgs gSa]
og oLrq rks jes'k th dh vkaW[kkfn Kku&bfUnz; rd
rd]]
vkSj ml oLrq dk Kku dsoy jes'k th dh cqf¼ rd vkdj
ckgj gh ogha ij #d tk;sxkA
oLrq dk Kku ogkWa ls mldh vkRek ds Hkhrj tkdj ugha
?kqlsxkA vkRek dsoy ml Kku dks nwj ls ns[ksxkA
;g tks nSfud HkkLdj v[kckj vkSj Mh-oh- dkiZ vkfn daiuh dks
jes'k ns[k jgk gSA budk dqN Hkh fgLlk jes'k dh vkRek esa ugha tkrk gSA
eqn~ns dh ckr ;g gS fd lq[k dk dksbZ lkèku ;k mlls feyus okyk
lq[k vkRek esa dqN Hkh laxzg ugha gksrk gSA vc pkgs nSfud HkkLdj v[kckj
dk ,d laLdj.k [kksy yks pkgs nl] pkgs Mh-oh- dkiZ vkfn ,d daiuh
[kksy yks ;k fQj nlA ,d xqykctkequ [kk yks ;k fQj nl [kk yksA
NIiu Hkksx dks ns[kdj&[kkdj Hkh vkRek eksVh] rxM+h] rUnq#Lr ugha cu
iM+sxhA lqUnj :i ns[k yks] ilanhnk xkuk lqu yks] vkRek esa rks dqN ugha
?kqlus okykA budks [kkus&ns[kus ls jes'k dh vkRek tjk Hkh eksVh&rkth
ugha gksxhA

lq[k ds rkj tqM+s rks vkRek lq[kh
vxj nSfud HkkLdj v[kckj vkSj Mh-oh- dkiZ vkfn lq[kn
phtsa ;k mudk lq[k jes'k dh vkRek ls tqM+ tkrk rks mldh vkRek
esa lnk vkuan cuk jgrk] ij og inkFkZ vkRek esa ugha ?kqlrk] fefJr
ugha gksrkA
;gh otg gS fd lq[knk;d oLrq ls jes'k dk lEidZ [kRe gksrs
gh mlls feyus okyk vkuan Hkh lekIr gks tkrk gS vkSj vc mldk

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199

fnekx ;gkWa&ogkWa HkVdus yxrk gSA è;ku dksbZ vkSj vPNh pht dks
gM+ius dh rjQ pyk tkrkA

nqfu;k dh fQYe cqf¼ :ih ijns ij fn[krh
uk fd vkRek ij
jes'k&ifjokj ds yksx ;s Hkwy x, fd ykSfdd lq[k&nq%[k] gkfu&ykHk
tks Hkh gksrs gSa] os gekjh cq f ¼ esa ?kfVr (fpf=r) gks jgs gksrs gSaA ysfdu
O;fDr mls viuh vkRek esa ?kfVr ekurk gSA blfy, lq[kn fo"k;&oLrq
esa ekStwn (vUrfuZfgr) lkjs xq.k mls vius yxus yxrs gSaA blfy,
tc jes'k nSfud HkkLdj v[kckj vkSj Mh-oh- dkiZ vkfn viuh daifu;ksa
dks ns[ksxk rks og eglwl djsxk fd ;g tks og ns[k jgk gS] og esjh vkRek
esa izfo"V gks jgk gSA og ekuus yxrk gS fd & bldk lq[k esjs vUnj ;kuh
esjh vkRek ds vUnj igqWapdj] esjs vUnj gh eq>s vuqHko gks jgk gSA
lksprk gS & ;g lq[k esjs Hkhrj gh gSA rc og cqf¼ esa lq[k vk;k u
cksydj] vkRek esa lq[k vk;k cksyrk gSA bl izdkj og cqf¼ ds fodkj
dks ] vkRek dk fodkj eku dj ÖkwB&ewB] lq[kh&nq%[kh gksdj viuh
lkjh ftUnxh fcrk jgk gSA
ejrs le; tc 'kjhj vkSj lq[k&lkèku NwV dj vkRek ls vyx
gks tk,axs rks mls irk pysxk fd
**lq[k vkSj lq[k&lkèkuksa ds ?kVus&c<+us ls eSa vkRek NksVk&cM+k]
lq[kh&nq%[kh ugha gksrk gwaWA**
ml le; ew [ kZ r k ds pDdj es a iM+ d j jes ' k lc rjQ ls
yqV&fiVdj yDdM+ tSlk grizHk [kM+k (HkkSapDdk) jg tk,xkA
rc lc dqN yqVkdj Hkh gks'k esa vkus dk ekSdk og [kks cSBkA dqy
feykdj lc dqN jgk VkW;&VkW;& fQLl---A
200

vHkh ;g ckr jes'k dks le> ugha vkbZA blds dkj.k jes'k vkSj
mlds ifjokj ds eu esa *feF;k vgadkj* iSnk gqvkA vkSj&

mUgsa ftruh&ftruh miyfCèk feyrh pyh xbZ]
os mruk&mruk vius dks cM+k cukrs pys x;s
tc vius dks cM+k eku fy;k] rks nwljksa dks NksVk fn[kkuk Hkh rks
t:jh FkkA fcuk blds vius dks cM+k cuk,a rks dSls cuk,a\ blfy,
vc os fdlh dks Hkh vius ls cM+k ;k cjkcj gksrs ugha ns[k ldrsA
tc os cM+s cu x, rks ekrk&firk] fj'rsnkj] lekt] dkuwu vkSj ns'k
muds lkeus NksVs (ckSu)s iM+ x;sA os brus loksPZ p cu x,] fd u ekrk&firk
dk vknj djus dk c[ksM+k] u fj'rsnkjksa ds vkoHkxr dk c[ksM+k] u
lekt vkSj lp dh fpark] u dkuwu ls Mj] u ns'k dk lEeku] u is'ks
dh bTtrA nqfu;k ds lcls vktkn izk.kh cu x,A
blfy, mUgkasus fdlh dh Hkh ijokg ugha dh vkSj e;kZnk dks yxkrkj Hkax
djrs jgsA

eSa cM+k vkSj nwljs NksVs
eSa cM+k gaWw] blfy, esjh bPNk gh lc dqNA blfy, os viuh
vkRerqf"V ;kuh viuh bPNk iwfrZ ds fy, fd, vius dke dks Bhd eku
jgs gaSA eSa tks dj jgk gaWw] ftlls eq>s lq[k fey jgk gS] ogh Bhd gSA ,sls
os LoPNan cu x,A
blfy, vc tks Hkh ?kfVr gks] og lc jes'k vkSj mlds dquos ds
vuqdwy gh gksuk pkfg,A ew[kZrk ls mits vgadkj ds dkj.k os jko.k
vkSj nq;kssZèku dh rjg vM+ x;s gSaA ekuks os dgrs gSa& ,slk gksuk gh
pkfg,A nwljs fdLe ls eSa cnkZ'r ugha d:Waxk] cksy nsrk gwWaA

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201

vuqfpr dks mfpr ekuus ls viuh **vuqfpr bPNk** dks **mfpr
bPNk** le> jgs gSaA vc vxj vuqfpr bPNk iwjh ugha gksrh rks jes'k NksVk
gks tk,xk] vkSj jes'k rks fcYdqy Hkh NksVk ugha gksuk pkgrkA og rks vius
vgadkj dh iwfrZ esa viuk fodkl le>rk gSA ;s gS >wBk vkRefo'oklA
mUgs yxrk gS fd eky ?kV x;k rks eSa ?kV tk
ÅaxkA os Hkwy x,
tkÅa
fd ;s lc rks ckgj dh phtsa gSa] pyh tk,axh rks dqN ugha ?kVus okykA
oLrqr% jes'k dks vkarfjd lq[k ugha fey jgk gSA blfy, og lq[k ds fy,
ckgjh phtksa ij fuHkZj gSA
blfy, og le>rk gS fd ;s nSfud HkkLdj] ;s Mh- oh- dkiZ] ;s
daiuh] ;s tehu lc esjs fy, gSA vc og mu lc phtksa dks vius vèkhu
djuk pkgrk gSA
;g pht esjs fy, gSA bldk eryc ;g fudyk fd ;g nwljksa ds
fy, ugha gSA blfy, pkgs tSls Hkh gks] eq>s og pkfg,A
blls nwljksa dks nq%[k gksxk] jes'k vkSj mldk ifjokj ;g ugha
le>rkA og mls Nhuuk xyr ugha ekurkA blfy, og iki djrk
gqvk Hkh ugha Mjrk] ugha ytkrk] ugha 'kadk djrkA
os ;g Hkwy x;s Fks fd%&
,d yk[k iwr] lok yk[k ukrh] jko.k&?kj tys vkt] fn;k u ckrhA

ew[kZrk dk nwljk ifj.kke& *jkx*
ew[kZrk vkSj vgadkj ds dkj.k fQj *ykyp*
*ykyp*(jkx) iSnk gqvk rks mlesa
Qaldj jes'k vkSj mldk ifjokj vfu;af=r gks x;kA ykyp dh jsyxkM+h
esa Kku dk czSd tks ugha FkkA yksHk&ykyp ds dkj.k nSfud HkkLdj gM+ik]
Mh-oh- dkiZ cuk;k] nwljksa dh tehu ij dCts fd,] VSDl pksjh dhA dgrs
gSa] ykyp dks ;fn ia[k yx tk,a rks vklekWa Hkh NksVk iM+ tkrk gSA ;gkaW
;gh gqvkA
202

ykyp esa QWaldj u pkgrs gq, Hkh
*vkxs vkSj vkxs*
vius dkys dkjukeksa dks c<+krk pyk x;k]
os yksx izokg esa py iM+sA fQj Hkys gh os le>rs jgsa fd ge xyr
djrs gSa] rks Hkh os mlls ckgj fudy bZekunkjh ds jkLrs ij ugha py
ikrsA fcYdqy unh ds izokg dh Hkkafr] uko Mky nh rks jksduk cM+k
eqf'dyA bZekunkjh ds jkLrs pysxas rks viuh vkèkh ls T;knk laifÙk nwljksa
dks nsuh iM+xs hA blds fy, dystk pkfg,A mruh fgEer gS ughaA

ew[kZrk dk rhljk ifj.kke& }s " k
vgadkj dh iwfrZ esa tks&tks lkFk ugha nsxk] ckèkd cusxk] mu&mu
lcdks jes'k vkSj mldk ifjokj lkeus [kM+s ugha gksus nsxkA og mls gVk
nsxk] pkgs og mldk lxk cki gh D;ks u gksA
vgadkj fouk'k izèkku gksrk gSA vgadkjh nwljs dh le`f¼ ugha ns[kuk
pkgrkA pkgs cgu Hkw[kh ejs] ;k pkpk ?kkVk mBk,A
bl lalkj esa ekStwn 'kjhj] nkSyr] 'kksgjr] ifjèkku vkSj dksBh]
daiuh] v[kckj vkfn lc phtksa dks fo|k&vfo|k ds n`f"Vdks.k ls ns[kuk
iM+sxkA bUgsa foosdiwoZd ns[kus ls ;s xgjk jkt [kqysxk fd&

**nwljksa dks d"V nsdj T;knk dekuk] csodwQh gSA**
jes'k dh jkg ij pyus okys ;g ckr viuh xkWaB esa ckWaèk ysaA s
xyrQgeh jes'k dks gSA jes'k vkSj mlds ifjokj us ew[kZrk dk p'ek
yxkdj ns[kh gS lkjh nqfu;kA blls muds ikiksa dk ?kM+k Hkjrk pyk x;kA

fo'ks"k vijkfèk;ksa ds fy, fo'ks"k bykt
gksuk rks ;g pkfg, fd ljdkj dks jes'k dh lkjh laifRr
Nhudj mls tsy esa Mky nsuk pkfg,A jes'k dks tc rd gokykr dk gok

dfyuk;d

203

ikuh ugha p[kk;k tk;sxk] rc rd mldh xQyr dh uhan dHkh ugha
[kqysxhA fcuk blds mls dHkh ugha yxsxk fd mlus xyr dke fd;k gS
vkSj og lqèkjsxk Hkh ughaA ysfdu&
uiqald ljdkj] dNqvk dkuwu O;oLFkk] vkSj [kjxks'k ds leku
Qqndrs gq, vkxs tkus okys jes'k ds gksrs gq, rks ;s gksus ls jgkA D;k
xqugxkjksa dks ltk feysxh\ ugha feysxh! Hkkjrh; lafoèkku dh èkkjkvksa ds
cxy ls gksdj ml ikj fudyus dk gquj jes'k ds ikl gSA cM+k dM+ok
lp gS ;sA

ge lkFk&lkFk gSa
1- ;g rks fn[k gh jgk gS fd vWaèkh] xwWaxh vkSj cgjh *Hkkjr ljdkj*
vkSj *ukSdj 'kkg* jes'k&ifjokj ds lkFk gSaA
2- gks ldrk gS fd] izk;% xjhcksa ij gh ykxw gksus okyh *dNq v k
dkuwu O;oLFkk* ds pyrs jes'k&ifjokj dks vHkh 25&50 lkyksa rd
ltk u fey ldsA jsaxrs gq, dkuwu dk Qk;nk ges'kk jes'k dks feyk gS
vkSj feysxkA
blfy, vafre iz'u mBrk gS fd %&

D;k jes'k vkSj mlds dquos dks vius
ikiksa dk Qy ugha Hkksxuk iM+sxk\
tokc gS%&
jes'k&ifjokj dks vkSj mu lc usrkvksa rFkk U;k; iz.kkyh ds yksxksa
dks] ftUgksaus vius dÙkZO;ksa ds ikyu djus ds LFkku ij jes'k&ifjokj ds
vijkèkksa dks nckus esa enn dh] mu lcdks bZ'oj *dkuwu dks csp nsus dh
ltk* vfuok;Zr% nsxkA
vkb,] igys ;s tkus dh] bl lacèk esa èkeZ&'kkL= ;kuh euq Le`fr ds
D;k vkns'k gSa&

204

ljdkj iq=ghu foèkok ds èku dh j{kk djs
oUè;k·iq=klq pSoa L;knz{k.ka fu"dqyklq pA
ifrozrklq p L=h"kq foèkokLokrqjklq pAA
(cUè;k + viq=klq) cka> vkSj iq = ghu (fu"dqyklq) dqyghu vFkkZr~
ftlds dqy esa dksbZ iq#"k u jgk gks (ifrozrklq) ifr ds ijns'kxeu
vkfn ds dkj.k ls tks L=h vdsyh gks (foèkoklq) foèkok (p) vkSj
(vkrqjklq) jksfx.kh (L=h"kq) fL=;ksa dh lEifÙk dh (j{k.ke~) j{kk Hkh
(,oe~) muds leFkZ gks tkus rd (L;kr~) djuh pkfg,A budh j{kk djuk
jktk dk dÙkZO; gSAA
thoUrhuka rq rklka ;s r¼js;q% LockUèok%A
rkf´N";kPpkSn.Msu èkkfeZd% i`fFkohifr%AA
(rklka thoUrhuke~) mu fcuk lgkjs ds viuh ftUnxh th jgh gq b Z
fL=;ksa ds (rr~) èku dks (;s LockUèkok%) tks muds fj'rsnkj ;k HkkbZ&cUèkq
èkkfeZd jktk
(gjs;q%) gj yas] dCtk ysa (rq èkkfeZd% i`fFkohifr%) rks
(rku~) mu O;fDr;ksa dk
dks (pkSjn.Msu) pksj ds leku n.M ls (f'k";kr~)
f'k{kk ns vFkkZr~ pksj ds leku n.M nsdj mudks lgh jkLrs ij yk;sA

ykyph vFkkZr~ fj'or[kksj vkSj ('kBk%) Bx ;k èkks[kk djus okys
(HkofUr) gks tkrs gSa (rsH;%) ,sls jktiq:"kksa ls (bek% iztk% j{ksr~) viuh
iztkvksa dh j{kk djs vFkkZr~ ,sls iz;Ru djs fd os iztkvksa ds lkFk ;k
jkT; ds lkFk ,slk nq"V crkZo u dj ik;saA jktk ftudks iztk dh j{kk
dk vfèkdkj nsos os èkkfeZd] lqijhf{kr fo}ku~] dqyhu gksaA
fj'or ysdj vU;k; djus okyksa dks n.M

ljdkj fj'or[kksjksa dk lc dqN
Nhudj ns'k fudkyk ns ns

ns'k ds jk"Vªifr] izèkkuea=h] eq[;ea=h vkSj U;k;kèkh'k ls ysdj
ljdkj ds tckonsg yksxksa dk ;g drZO; Fkk fd os }kjdk dh csok
fd'kksjh nsoh] ftudh ekax mtM+ pqdh gS] ftudk dksbZ csVk ugha gS]
ml iq=ghu foèkok dh enn djrsA

;s dkf;ZdsH;ks·FkZeso x`Íh;q% ikipsrl%A
rs"kka loZLoeknk; jktk dq;kZRizoklue~AA
ikih eu okys tks fj'or[kksj vkSj Bx jktiq#"k ;fn dke djkus
okyksa vkSj eqdnes okyksa (oknh&izfroknh) ls xqIr èku vFkkZr~ fj'or ys
ds i{kikr ls vU;k; djsa rks mudk loZLo gj.k ;kuh lc dqN
vigj.k djds ;Fkk;ksX; n.M nsdj] jktk mUgsa ns'k fudkyk ns ns]
,sls ns'k esa j[ks fd tgka ls os iqu% ykSVdj u vk ld
ldsaA
fdlh us lp gh dgk gS& fo"kSys ?kko dks phjs fcuk] 'kkafr dSSls\
;s fu;qDrkLrq dk;sZ.k gU;q% dk;kZf.k dkf;Z.kke~A
èkuks"e.kk iP;ekukLrkfUu%LokUdkj;sUu`i%AA 231AA (94)
eqdneksa ds dk;ks± esa jktk ds }kjk yxk;s x;s tks vfèkdkjh&deZpkjh èku
dh xehZ vFkkZr~ fj'or vkfn dj ykyp esa vklDr gksdj oknh&izfrokfn;ksa
ds eqdneksa dks fcxkM+sa] jktk mudh lkjh laifÙk Nhu ysA

ljdkj fj'or[kksj deZpkfj;ksa ij n`f"V j[kas

fu"d"kZ

jkKks fg j{kkfèkd`rk% ijLoknkf;u% 'kBk%A
Hk`R;k HkofUr izk;js.k rsH;ks j{ksfnek% iztk%AA
(fg) D;ksafd (izk;s.k) izk;% (jkK% j{kkfèkd`rk% Hk`R;k%) jktk ds }kjk iztk
dh lqj{kk ds fy, fu;qDr jktlsod (ijLoknkf;u%) nwljksa ds èku ds

fj'or ysdj vU;k; djus okyksa dks n.M nsuk ljdkj ds
tckonsg yksxksa dk dÙkZO; FkkA D;
D;ksksafd ;fn mldks n.M u fn;k tk;s
rks mldks ns[k ds vU; jktiq#"k Hkh ,sls nq"V dke djsaxs vkSj n.M
fn;k tk;s rks cps jgsaxsA

fu"d"kZ

dfyuk;d

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206

vU;k; djus okys vfèkdkjh e`rdor~ gSa
;= èkeksZ áèkesZ.k lR;a ;=ku`rsu pA
gU;rs izs{kek.kkuka grkLr= lHkkln%A
ftl lHkk esa cSBs gq, lHkklnksa ds lkeus vèkeZ ls èkeZ vkSj >wB ls
lR; dk guu gksrk gS] ;kuh vèkeZ ls èkeZ vkSj >wB ls lR; lc
lHkklnksa ds ns[krs gq, ekjk tkrk gS] ml lHkk eesa lc lHkkln~ ejs
ls gh gSaA tkuks muesa dksbZ Hkh ugha thrkA
vn.MîkUn.M;u~ jktk n.Mîka'pSokI;n.M;u~A
v;'kks egnkIuksfr ujda pSo xPNfrA
tks jktk n.Muh;ksa vFkkZr vijkfèk;ksa dks n.M ugha nsrk] vnaMuh;ksa
dks n.M nsrk vFkkZr~ n.M nsus ;ksX; dks NksM+ nsrk vkSj ftldks n.M nsuk
u pkfg,] mldks n.M nsrk gS] og bl tUe esa thrk gqvk cM+h fuUnk dks]
cM+h vidhfrZ dks izkIr gksrk gS vkSj ejus ds ckn cM+s nq%[k dks izkIr gksrk
gS_ egknq%[k ikrk gSA blfy, tks vijkèk djs] mldks lnk n.M nsos vkSj
fujijkèkh dks n.M dHkh u nsosA
;kokuoè;L; oèks rkokUoè;L; eks{ks.ksA
vèkeksZ u`irsn`Z"Vks èkeZLrq fofu;PNr%AA
funksZ"k dks n.M nsus ij jktk dks ftruk vèkeZ gksuk 'kkL= esa ekuk
x;k gS] mruk gh nks"kh (n.Muh;) dks NksM+us esa vèkeZ gksrk gSA U;k;kuqlkj
n.M nsuk gh èkeZ gSA

fdlds fgLls esa fdruk iki
iknks·èkeZL; drkZja ikn% lkf{k.ke`PNfrA
ikn% lHkkln% lokZUiknks jktkue`PNfrA
tc jktlHkk esa i{kikr ls vU;k; fd;k tkrk gS]rks ogka vèkeZ ds
pkj foHkkx gks tkrs gSaA vèkeZ 'kCn ls ;gka vfHkizk; vU;k; ;k nks"kHkkxh
gksus ls gSA i{kikr ls fd;s x;s vU;k; dk vèkeZ ,d pkSFkkb
kkbZ vèkeZ djus
ckys dks] ,d pkSFkkbZ lk{kh vfèkdkfj;ksa dk
dks] izkIr gksrk gS] vkSj ,d
dfyuk;d
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pkSFkkbZ va'k 'ks"k lc U;k;lHkk ds lnL;ksa dks (U;k;ky;ksa) dks rFkk
,d pkSFkkbZ jktk (ljdkj) dks izkIr gksrk gS A

cpsxk dksbZ ugha
;s lc blh izdkj vi;'k ds Hkkxh cudj cqjkbZ dks izkIr gksrs gSaA
turk bu lcdh fuUnk djrh gSaA vxys tUe esa vius deks± ds vuqlkj
n.M Hkksxuk iM+rk gSaA

bZ'oj D;k n.M nsxk\
tokc gS%& ikih dks vxys tUe esa vius deks± ds vuqlkj Hkksx Hkksxus
iM+rs gSa] tSlk fd 'kkL= dgrk gS&
rsÍknifjrkiQyk% iq.;kiq.;gsrqRokr~ (;ksxn'kZu 2@14)
iki deks± ls *tkfr* tSls ?kksM+k] dqÙkk] lqvj vkfn feysxh] vkSj mlh
ds vuqlkj Hkksx feysxkA Hkksx ;kuh ?kksM+s cus rks ?kkl [kk;saxs] dqÙks cus rks
cklh&twBu jksVh [kk;saxs] lqvj cus rks ey (fo"Bk) [kk;saxsA i'kq ;ksfu esa
tc rd jgsax]s rc rd [kk;saxAs
fdlh ds vPNs ;k cqjs deks±s dk Qy rRdky izkIr gksrk u ns[kdj rqe
bl Hkqykos esa u jgks fd] bu deks± dk Qy vkxs ugha feysxkA blfy,&
jes'k&ifjokj vkSj ljdkj ds vU;k;&i{kikr dks i<+ dj vki
dgha nq%[kh er gks tkukA mudks ltk feysxh] t:j feysxhA deZQy
ls dksbZ cp ugha ldrk] D;ksafd%&

bZ'oj loZO;kid] loZK rFkk U;k;dkjh gSA
mldh vnkyr fcuk xokg] fcuk odhy vkSj fcuk vfèkdkjh dh gSA
blfy, ogkaW Hkz"Vkpkj dh dksbZ laHkkouk ughaA mldh fuxkkg esa èkwy
>ksaddj viuk mYyw lhèkk ugha fd;k tk ldrkA ogkaW flQZ vkWMZj ikfjr
ugha gksrk] mldh rkehy Hkh rqjr&Qqjr dh tkrh gSA blfy, ogkaW lPpk
ba l kQ gksrk gSA ;gh og txg gS] tgkaW----- gj iki dh ltk feyrh gSA

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