1. Do you need a pen?” Ani asked. = Ani asked me if I was need a pen. 2.

John asked, “What do you want?” = John asked me what I wanted. 3. Sue asked, “Are you hungry?” = Sue wanted to know if I was hungry. 4. “I’m going to move to Ohio,” said Bruce. = Bruce informed me (that) he went to move to Ohio. 5. “I may be late,” said Mike. = Mike told me (that) he was late. 1. “Do you need a pen?” Ani asked. = Ani asked me if I needed a pen. 2. Correct 3. Correct 4. “I’m going to move to Ohio,” said Bruce. = Bruce informed me (that) he was going to move to Ohio. 5. “I may be late,” said Mike. = Mike told me (that) he might be late. 1. Fajar: Are Fitri and Ical still living in New York? Riski: No. They …. to Dallas A. are just moved B. had just moved C. have just moved D. will just moved 2. Mrs Nila : Where is the new stove that you bought yesterday? Mrs Bella : The color didn’t match, so I … it to the store. A. return B. had return C. returned D. have returned 3. Voyla: You and Joure seem to be getting along well.

Nila: Yes, I … her better than before A. am liking B. liked C. like D. have liked 4. Nila: How are you feeling? Maria: I’ve been feeling better since … A. the doctor has come B. the doctor will come C. the doctor had come D. the doctor came 5. Bayu: Isn’t it hard to drive downtown to work? Robby: Yes, that’s why I … to work by train. A. have been going B. am going C. went D. go 6. Fina: How long have you worked for this company? Ella: I … there for two years by next month A. had worked B. have been working C. was working D. will have worked

I … it already A. will go 11. we … there since we first moved to Meda. practiced the violin. A. Dhinnar: Can I came by for my check tomorrow? Nefri: Yes. Nila: Yes. is going 12. would have finished 10. had sent C. will see 14. Mr.7. Indra: Luckliy . have seen C. A. Rahman: When are you planning to send the memo to the staff? Mr. had already gone B. will have finished B. have finished C. had gone B.Ericko: Would you like to go to the band concert? Wahyu: Thanks. so they … to the canteen A. was sent 8. have sent D. have you studied B. had been going 9. had ever seen B. am doing .ever saw D.Asep: Did you meet Dito here at the university ? Jose: No. Taufik: Where are Ken dan Mathew? Atok: They were hungry. Dimas: … a lot before you took it ? A. A. Did you study C. has been going C. are you studying 13. have gone D. have gone C. are going D. will go D. I … meeting my client at the bank by then A. Milda: Nabila told me that you father have a cottage on Lake Toba. Nila: What did you see last night? Bella: I watched TV. will finish D. Had you studied D. went C. A. and … my homework. David: I took TOEFL test and it was really hard. he … when I came. were going B. but I … it already. send B.

A. had D.C 13.C 4. was doing D.B 11. did 20. have come C. C . had flown 16.B 15.A 10. When Fajar wants to cut his hair.D 5..B 17. but i got sick at the last minute. Did you say that you ……………. A. lived C 2.B 16.A 12. always goes D. Nila: did you go to Hawaii for vacation? Bintang: I … to go. A.D 6. does B. Mermaid: why is teddy so sad? Aldy: because his parrot … away. lives D. Bernard: Who ate all the cookies? Jerry: Tom ……………. has flown B. has been going C. is living C. Then. did C. A. was C. but today she … in Jakarta A. he … to the same barber since 2000.B 18.C 3.have been planning D. Have planned 17.C 8. flew C.A 19. had done 15. is going B.B. had gone 18.D 20. here three days ago ? A.B 14. Hudson : Where was fay bom? Brondon: In Surabaya. is flying D. came B.B 9. was planning B. had come 19. has lived B. come D.D 7. had planned C. I cancelled it.

in the past I drank green tea. 7.1. Di kalimat 2. Yang mungkin membuat Ardi bingung adalah terkadang “be used to” diikuti oleh verb1 dan oleh gerund. I was used to swimming on the river when I was young. 8. yaitu: Misalnya.” .” “Iam used to drinking tea. phrase ini tentu saja dapat disisipi “by + object”. Kalimat 6&7 ini bermakna sama. 5. tapi kemudian aku menjadi terbiasa dengan musim dingin itu” 1.” “I used to drink green tea”. Check out these great examples: “When I was young I used to play with dolls. I didn’t like the winter at first. 9. Bagaimana cara membedakannya? Kalimat 1 adalah kalimat pasif dengan main verb “use” (menggunakan). 3. 4. yaitu: “Kami (sekarang ini) terbiasa hidup dalam kemiskinan”. dan 5 bermakna sama. dia dulu kaya dan selalu hidup dalam kemewahan. but now I don’t. I was accustomed to swimming on the river when I was young. GOT. We are accustomed to living in poverty. what’s the difference in meaning? “I used to drink green tea. He has to become accustomed to living in poverty. “be used to” selalu diikuti oleh verb1.” I used to something “I used to drink green tea. Contoh kalimat lainnya dapat dibaca di: PENGGUNAAN GET. seperti pada kalimat berikut: The horse is used to drag a cart. (Kuda itu digunakan untuk menarik dokar).” I am used to something “I am used to drinking green tea. misalnya. I didn’t like the winter at first. 2.4. Pola lainnya selalu diikuti oleh gerund atau noun. but doesn’t happen now. means that. Contoh: 1. He has to get used to living in poverty. 3. yaitu: “menjadi terbiasa“. 5. 6. sedangkan GET USED TO = BECOME ACCUSTOMED TO. S + USED TO + VERB1… S + BE USED TO + GERUND/NOUN… S + BE ACCUSTOMED TO + GERUND/NOUN … S + GET USED TO + GERUND/NOUN… S + BECOME ACCUSTOMED TO + GERUND/ NOUN… NOTE: Hanya pola 1 (i. “dia harus menjadi terbiasa (membiasakan diri) hidup dalam kemiskinan“. (Kuda itu digunakan oleh ayahku untuk menarik dokar). Used to describes an action that did happen. 4. menjadi: The horse is used by my father to drag a cart. The horse is used to dragging a cart. (Kuda itu terbiasa menarik dokar). 2. GOT/GOTTEN Poin 9. Using USED TO AND BE USED TO USED TO atau BE USED TO sama maknanya dengan BE ACCUSTOMED TO. tapi karena jatuh miskin.e. Kalimat 8&9 bermakna sama. but I don’t anymore. I used to swim on the river when I was young. Dan karena kalimat pasif. We are used to living in poverty. but later on I got used to it. USED TO tanpa diawali oleh be atau get) yang menggunakan simple form verb (verb1). I used to cycle everywhere.” “Before I passed my driving test. Sorry Pak Bhaskara i found the different meaning of the “USED TO” please see below Take a look at the following two sentences. Perbedaannya terletak pada pola penggunaannya (grammar). Dalam kalimat pasif. Kalimat 3. yaitu: “terbiasa/biasa“. tidak dapat disisipi dengan apapun. Kalimat 1&2 ini bermakna sama. 2. yaitu: “Pada awalnya aku tidak suka musim dingin. yaitu : Aku terbiasa/biasa berenang di sungai ketika aku kecil. “be used to” selalu diikuti oleh gerund. but later on I became accustomed to it.

Namun. am atau are. • Passive : They are met by him everyday.” “I’m getting used to the strange smell in the factory. that happened when I was in China. Subject dari active voice (we) menjadi object dari passive voice. but I’m finally used to using this new software. menjadi terbiasa) tersebut terjadi di masa lampau. 5. Ditambahkannya be ‘is’ di depan verb3. Perhatikan contoh-contoh pada poin h – o di bawah. past. Passive voice digunakan karena object dari active voice merupakan informasi yang lebih penting dibandingkan dengan subjectnya. Now I am in Indonesia and I don’t drink green tea anymore. is atau are. Ditambahkannya kata ‘by’ di belakang verb3. Well.“I am used to drinking green tea”. 6. Saya rasa penjelasan yang bapak posting cukup jelas. tensisnya akan berubah. “I am accustomed to green tea”. dulu aku biasa minum kopi. future. tapi sekarang aku sudah tidak minum teh hijau lagi. Jika active voice dalam simple present tense. past future. difficult and is now easy. (Perhatikan pola-pola passive voice di bawah). has the same meaning. Berdasarkan keenam poin di atas maka Active and passive voice Kalimat aktif (active voice) adalah kalimat dimana subject-nya melakukan pekerjaan. perhaps. jika object dari passive voice dianggap tidak penting atau tidak diketahui.e. maka) Sekarang saya sudah terbiasa minum teh hijau. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah is. 3. Kalau tidak ditambahkan “being”. perlu menambahkan ‘being’ di depan verb3). Contoh: • Active : He meets them everyday. Contoh : • Active : We fertilize the soil every 6 months • Passive: The soil is fertilized by us every 6 months Dari contoh ini dapat kita lihat bahwa: 1. bukan progressive/continuous lagi. I was used to drinking green tea. Khusus untuk kalimat-kalimat progressive (present.” artikel di majalah-majalah dan tulisan-tulisan ilmiah. 4. means that. aku biasa minum teh hijau. kalimat pasif (passive voice) adalah kalimat dimana subject-nya dikenai pekerjaan oleh object kalimat. Dulu aku tidak suka minum teh hijau karena rasany pahit. Namun demikian. tobe di kalimat ini adalah dalam bentuk present (am. at first drinking green tea was strange and unusual. I used to drink green tea = Dulu. Perhatikan pula bahwa terjadi perubahan dari subject pronoun ‘we’ menjadi object pronoun ‘us’. sebaliknya. Read on for fantastic examples: “It took me a while. but now it has become familiar. Active voice lebih sering digunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari dibandingkan dengan passive voice. artikel- Subject + be + Verb3 + by + Object + modifier passive voice mengikuti pola sebagai berikut: Pola active dan passive voice pada tiap tensis a. but maybe becuase I kept trying to drink it. Be used to describes an action that was. I didn’t like drinking green tea at first. Object dari active voice (the soil) menjadi subject dari passive voice 2. Tapi karena aku sering mencoba meminumnya. I am used to drinking green tea = ((Misalnya. past perfect. Kalau to be-nya dalam bentuk past (was atau were) maka makna kalimatnya (i. Perhatikan. . Verb1 (fertilize) pada active voice menjadi verb3 (fertilized) pada passive voice. maka object biasanya tidak dikemukakan dan begitu pula kata ‘by’. dan past future perfect continuous. sering kita temukan passive voice di surat-surat kabar. Be yang digunakan adalah tergantung pada subject passive voice dan tenses yang digunakan.

maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah been yang diletakkan setelah auxiliary would have. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah (was atau were) + being. Contoh: : He is meeting them now. Jika active voice dalam simple past tense. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah was atau were Contoh: • Active • Active : He met them yesterday : She watered this plant this morning • Passive : They were met by him yesterday • Passive : This plant was watered by her this morning c. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah been yang diletakkan setelah auxiliary will have. Jika active voice dalam past future perfect tense. • Active • Passive : They will be met by him tomorrow. sehingga menjadi had been Contoh: • Active came. Jika active voice dalam present perfect tense. • Passive : They are being met by him now. : He had met them before I came. h. • Passive : This plant would have been watered • Passive : They had been met by him before I • Active : She had watered this plant for 5 minutes when I got here by her. . f. sehingga menjadi ‘will have been’ Contoh: • Active : He will have met them before I get there tomorrow. Jika active voice dalam past perfect tense. • Passive : This plant will have been watered by her before I get here this afternoon. d. am atauare) + being. • Passive : This plant has been watered by her for 5 minutes. • Passive : The crops are going to be harvested by the farmers next week. • Active : She will have watered this plant before I get here this afternoon. Contoh: • Active : He was meeting them. b. • Passive : They will have been met by him before I get there tomorrow. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah (is. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah been yang diletakkan setelah auxiliary has atau have. g. • Active : The farmers are going to harvest the crops next week • Passive : This plant is watered by her every two days. • Active : She will water this plant this afternoon. Jika active voice dalam present continuous tense. Contoh: : He would have met them. Jika active voice dalam simple future tense. sehingga menjadi ‘has been’ atau ‘have been’ Contoh: • Active : He has met them • Passive : They have been met by him • Active : She has watered this plant for 5 minutes. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah be Contoh: : He will meet them tomorrow.• Active days. sehingga menjadi ‘would have been’. : She is watering this plant now. • Active • Active • Passive : They would have been met by him. : She would have watered this plant. • Passive : They were being met by him. Jika active voice dalam future perfect tense. : She waters this plant every two • Passive : This plant will be watered by her this afternoon. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah been yang diletakkan setelah auxiliary had. • Active • Active now. • Passive : This plant is being watered by her • Passive : This plant had been watered by her for 5 minutes when I got here e. Jika active voice dalam past continuous tense. i.

: She would be watering this plant. Tono wasn’t offered the job. English is studied by all high school students. o. • Active • Active • Active • Passive : They would be being met by him. The Indonesian football team was beaten by the Saudi Arabian team. Their essays were needed to revise. • Passive : This plant would be being watered by 1. Contoh: : He would be meeting them. • Active • Active 2. Jika active voice dalam past future perfect continuous tense. • Active : He has been meeting them. Jika active voice dalam perfect continuous tense. 1. k. These plants were watered by my sister a few minutes ago. • Active • Active plant. : She has been watering this plant. d. Contoh: : This plant will have been being watered by her. j. All has been devoured by Yeyes. (Hidung Koko sedang berdarah. : She will have been watering this 2. • Passive : This plant will be being watered by her. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah would be + being. • Passive : This plant has been being watered by her. Dia dipukul oleh temannya tepat di hidungnya). Contoh-contoh yang lain: Koko’s nose is bleeding. • Active • Active • Passive : They will be being met by him. 4. 3. Contoh: : He will have been meeting them. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah will have been + being. Jika active voice dalam future perfect continuous tense. Jika active voice dalam past perfect continuous tense. • Passive : They have been being met by him. m. He was punched by his friend right on his nose. her. There is no meal left. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah had been + being. (Team sepakbola Indonesia dikalahkan oleh team arab Saudi). Their essays were needed to be revised. (Bahasa Inggris dipelajari oleh semua murid sekolah menengah lanjutan (SMP dan SMA). • Passive • Passive : This plant was being watered by her. Jika active voice dalam past future continuous tense. e. l. their essays were need to be revising. We can also say: . • Passive : This plant had been being watered by her. : She would be watering this plant. b. Semuanya telah dilahap habis oleh Yeyes). : She had been watering this plant.• Active : She was watering this plant. • Passive : They had been being met by him. Contoh: : He will be meeting them. Jika active voice dalam future continuous tense. (Tanaman-tanaman ini disirami oleh adikku beberapa menit yang lalu). 5. n. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah (has/have) been + being. • Passive : This plant would be being watered by her. The passive of the underlined clause is: a. : She will be watering this plant. Contoh: : He had been meeting them. Their essays needed to be revised. (Tidak ada makan yang tersisa. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalahwould have been + being. c. Contoh: : He would be meeting them. • Passive : They will have been being met by him. The teacher told the students that they needed to revise their essays. maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah will be + being. Their essays were needed to revising. • Active • Active • Passive : They would be being met by him.

They will be looked after you well. Everybody speak English in the US. They were offering Tono the job. this hospital to be built b. d. designed c. Find the passive form of “They will look after you well”. by a team. b. You are well will be looked after. You will be to be looked after by them well. still selecting 7. still selected e. They …………………. Everybody spoke English in the US. You will be well looked after. b. The job wasn’t offered to Tono. are still selecting c. was this hospital built e. “When …………………?” “Before World War I” a. They don’t offer the job to Tono. c. still be selected d. b. 5. People in the US speak English. are still being selected b. 3. designs 4. The passive form is: a. is designing e. has been repaired b. “Which tomorrow?” paintings will be exhibited a. was this hospital being built c. Tono didn’t offer the job.a. d. “We don’t know yet. Tono was offering the job. d. was being repaired d. is repaired e. a. when we passed yesterday. has repaired b. . is being repaired c. e. You will be looked after well. The street …………………….” a. c. c. In the US speak English. this hospital built d. What is the active form of “English is spoken in the United States” ? a. e. be designing d. A well-known architect is designing our new office. this hospital has been built 6. is being designed 8.

needs to fix 11. People in US speaks English. 15.. e. The tires are flat and the chain …………… a. a. What is needed for irrigation? b. finishing d. The child told us he had been left alone by his step mother in the empty building. has been found d. had been painted b. From the sentence above we know that: a. The child had left his step mother alone in the empty building. d. has fixed e. had painted b. a. it looked beautiful. white. to be painting c. The child went to the empty building with his step mother. After the house ……………………. 9. is being found b. had been painting d. a. had found 14. finish b. by everybody before tomorrow.e. c. has found c. The child wanted us to leave him alone with his step mother in the empty building. What is irrigation needed for? c. What irrigation is needed? 13. to be finished c. “What do people need for irrigation?” The passive construction of the sentence is: a. what is for irrigation needed? e. the police cannot trace the thieves. needs to be fixed d. The child had left his step mother before he went to the empty building. What people are needed for irrigation? d. have finished e. is fixing c. The child wanted to leave his step mother in the empty building. already finished 12. My motorcycle is not running well now. be painted e. Although the stolen car ……………………. needs to be fixing b. “The boys have been told the good news” means: . 10. then she went away. The teacher would like the exercises ……………………. having been found e.

” 17. are still being selected “Which paintings will be exhibited tomorrow?” “We don’t know yet. was building 19. e. The passive construction of the sentence is: a. e. A such thing can be done by somebody d. been taking away c. As usual. when I passed. Such a thing can done be by anybody. Tono wasn’t offered the job. c. be distributed 20. 3. The teacher told the students that they needed to revise their essays. d. a. please correct me! 1. b. It was reported that medicine and rice ………………………. Such a thing can’t be done by anybody.a. c. It must have ……………………. been taken away b. took away d. to the victims of the flood. are being distributed d. They ARE STILL BEING SELECTED by a team. built e. punished b. b. a.. had been punished d. d. The picture is not here anymore. The students …………………. The good news about the boys has been told. 2. Their essays needed to be revised. has been built . will be distributed c. taken away e. The boys have told the good news. The job wasn’t offered to Tono. being taken away This is my best shot to this exercise. Such a thing can be done by somebody. are punished 18. have been distributed 16. a. before they were allowed to join the class. had been distributed e. The good news was told to the boys. Somebody has told the boys the good news. The hotel ……………………. A thing can be done by anybody. was built b. e. a. Nobody can do such a thing. has punished c. b. c. The good news has been told by the boys. had been built d. were punished e. a.

is being designed A well known architect is designing our new office. b. c. The child told us he had been left alone by his step mother in the empty building. “They will look after you well”. had been punished The students HAD BEEN PUNISHED before they were allowed to join the class. 8. a. 5. e. Such a thing can’t be done by anybody. had been painted After the house HAD BEEN PAINTED white. You will be well looked after. d. had been distributed It was reported that medicine and rice HAD BEEN DISTRIBUTED to the victims of the flood. 14.” is also possible but it’s less formal than option a. then she went away. 15. c. to be finished The teacher would like the exercises TO BE FINISHED by everybody before tomorrow. NOTE: “c. was this hospital built “When WAS THIS HOSPITAL BUILT?” “World War I” 6. 13. been taken away The picture is not here anymore. a. The child went to the empty building with his step mother. c. the police cannot trace the thieves. a. had been built The hotel HAD BEEN BUILT when I passed. d. 19. People in the US speak English. Our new office IS BEING DESIGNED by a well known architect. 10. a. c. Somebody has told the boys the good news. 18. 17. 12. Nobody can do such a thing. 16. needs to be fixed My motorcycle is not running well now.4. You will be looked after well. e. 7. c. The tyres are flat and the chain NEEDS TO BE FIXED. was being repaired The street WAS BEING REPAIRED when we passed yesterday. “The boys have been told the good news”. has been found Although the stolen car HAS BEEN FOUND. b. What is needed for irrigation? “What do people need for irrigation?” 11. b. . it looked beautiful. a. It must have BEEN TAKEN AWAY. 20. “English is spoken in the United States”. 9.

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