You are on page 1of 5

CUADRO RESUMEN DE LOS TIEMPOS VERBALES

EL PRESENTE SIMPLE
Afirmativa. Sujeto + Inf. 3 p. ( He, She, It ) aade -s o -es Sujeto + Dont o Doesnt + Inf Do o Does + S + Inf? I live in Elda. He kisses her. She washes up every day. I dont like coffee. She doesnt smoke.

Negativa. Interrogativa. Usos.

Otros.

Do you love me? Does he go to school? Acciones habituales. I get up at 7.45. Verdades universales. Snow is cold. The match starts at 6.00. Horarios. The train leaves at 6.00. Acciones en el futuro sujetas a un horario. Le suelen acompaar: every day, always, usually, often, never, generally, etc.

EL PRESENTE CONTINUO
Afirmativa. Negativa. Interrogativa. Usos. S + Be (am, is, are) + Ing. S + Be + Not + Ing. Am, Is, Are + S + Ing? Acciones en proceso Planes futuros. Acciones repetidas. I am reading. She is not smoking. Are you running? I am readind a book. I am playing tennis tomorrow. He is always talking.

Otros.

Le suelen acompaar: at present , nowadays, now, at the moment, etc.

263

EL PRESENTE PERFECTO
Afirmativa. Negativa. Interrogativa. Usos. S + Have (have o has) + I have played tennis. I have eaten paella. Participio pasado I have not washed the dishes. S + Have + Not + I have not seen her. Participo pasado. Have you been there? Have o Has + S + Participo pasado? I have read the book. Acciones acabadas de las que no se dice cuando sucedieron. Puede llevar just , for, since, already, yet, etc.

Otros.

EL PASADO SIMPLE
Afirmativa. I played. S + Vb. Regular + ed S + Vb Irr ( 2Columna). I ate. S + Did + Not (didnt) + I did not play. I did not eat. Inf. Did + S + Inf? Did you play? Did you eat?

Negativa.

Interrogativa

Usos.

Otros.

I went to Barcelona. Acciones que I was reading the paper and then ocurrieron en el it began to rain. pasado. A veces acompaa al pasado continuo Le suelen acompaar: last year, yesterday, two days ago etc.

EL PASADO CONTINUO
Afirmativa. Negativa. S + Be (Was, Were) + Ing. S + Was, Were + Not + Ing I was writing a letter. I was not writing a letter.

264

Interrogativa. Usos.

Was, Were + S + Ing? Acciones en proceso en el pasado. En narraciones. Para descripciones.

Were you writing a letter? I was painting the gate. The girls were smiling.

EL PRESENTE PERFECTO CONTINUO


Afirmativa. Negativa. Interrogativa. Usos. S + Have o Has + Been I have been learning English for 20 years. +Ing. S + Have o Has+ not + I have not been sleeping. Been + Ing. Have o Has + S + Been Have you been reading? + Ing? Acciones que comenzaron en el pasado y todava continuan o acaban de suceder, Resalta la duracin de la accin. For y since le suelen acompaar.

Otros.

EL PASADO PERFECTO
Afirmativa. Negativa. Interrogativa. Usos. I had gone. S + Had + Participio Pasado. I had not gone. S + had + Not + Participio Pasado. Had she gone? Had + S + Participio Pasado?. Acciones que ocurrieron antes que otra accin pasada. Le suelen acompaar: when, before, by the time etc.

Otros.

EL PASADO PERFECTO CONTINUO


Afirmativa. S + Had + Been + Ing. I had been watching TV.

265

Negativa. Interrogativa. Usos.

S + Had + Not + Been + I had not been watching TV. Ing. Had + S + Been + Ing?. Had she been ironing? Acciones que estaban en proceso antes que otra accin pasada ocurriera.

EL FUTURO SIMPLE
Afirmativa. Negativa. Interrogativa. Usos. Otros. S + Will o Shall + Inf. S + Will + Not + Inf. Will + S + Inf? I will go. I will not go. Will she come?

Acciones futuras. Predicciones Le suelen acompaar: tonight , tomorrow, next year, in a month.

EL FUTURO CONTINUO
Afirmativa. Negativa. Interrogativa. Usos. S + Wil be + Ing S + Will + Not + Be + Ing. Will + S + Be + Ing? Acciones futuras en progreso. I will be reading Valle de Elda. I will not be watching TV. Will you be working?

EL FUTURO PERFECTO
Afirmativa. Negativa. Interrogativa. S + Will have + Participio Pasado. S + Will + Not + Have + Participio Pasado. Will + S + Have + Participio Pasado? I will have arrived at 7.00. I will not have finished. Will she have paid?

266

Usos.

Acciones acabadas en el futuro.

EL FUTURO PERFECTO CONTINUO


Afirmativa. Negativa. Interrogativa. Usos. S + Will have + Been + I will have been working. Ing. S + Will + Not + Have + I will not have been working. Been + Ing. Will + S + Have + Been + Will you have been working? Ing. Acciones que estarn finalizadas en el futuro.

EL CONDICIONAL SIMPLE
Afirmativa. Negativa. Interrogativa. Usos. S + Would + Inf. S + Would + Not + Inf. Would + S + Inf? Deseos en el presente o en el futuro. I would go to London. I would not go to London. Would you go to Lisbon?

EL CONDICIONAL PERFECTO
Afirmativa. Negativa. Interrogativa. I would have gone to London. S + Would + Have + Participio Pasado. S + Would + Not + Have I would not have gone to London. + Participio Pasado. Would you have gone to Paris? Would + S + Have + Participio Pasado? Lamentos sobre acciones pasadas.

Usos.

267

Related Interests