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THE MOLE AND THE NUMBER OF PARTICLES

Counting unit
A pair of socks A dozen eggs A case of soft drinks A gross of pencils A mole of carbon

Number of Units
2 socks 12 eggs 24 cans 144 pencils 6.02 x 10 particles

Avagadro Constant
6.02 x 10 The Avogadro constant NA is the number of particles in one mole of a substance
1 mole of C atoms = 6.02 x 10 of C atoms 2 mole of Br2= 2 x 6.02 x 10 of Br 2 molecules 3 mole of K+ ions = 3 x 6.02 x 10 of K+ ions.

What is the mole


One mole of any substance is defined as the amount of substance that contains as many particles as the number of atoms in exactly 12 g of carbon-12. The particles may be atoms, molecules, ions or electrons. Symbol for mole is n Symbol for its unit is mol.

EXERCISE
Calculate the number of particles in : a) 1 mole atom of copper b) 0.0625 mole molecules of water c) 1.3 mole of sodium ions Calculate the number of atoms in a) 0.012 mole of ethane gas, C2H6 b) 1.1 mole of sulphur trioxide, SO3 c) 0.25 mole of water, H2O

Calculate the number of moles of the following substances 23 sodium atom a. 3.02 x 10 24 H S molecules b. 1.8 x 10 2