THE NOUN 1. Read this article. Circle all the proper nouns.
Underline once all the common count nouns. Underline twice the common non-count nouns. Was Columbus really the first explorer to discover the Americas? Thor Heyerdahl didn’t think so. He believed that ancient people were able to build boats that could cross oceans. To test his ideas, he decided to build a copy of the reed boats that were pictured in ancient paintings and sail across the Atlantic from North Africa to Barbados. Heyerdahl’s team also copied ancient Middle Eastern pots and filled them with food for their journey – dried fish, honey, oil, eggs, nuts, and fresh fruit. Ra, the expedition’s boat, carried an international group including a Norwegian, an Egyptian, an Italian, a Mexican, and a Chadian. The first trip failed, but everyone survived and wanted to try again. Departing on May 17, 1970, under the flag of the United Nations, Ra II crossed the Atlantic in 57 days. The expedition proved that ancient civilizations had the skill to reach the Americans long before Columbus. Write the plural of the following nouns. Hat, box, day, boy, job, bag, mouth, clock, map, plant, class, birth, branch, bath, factory, family, house, play, key, leaf, knife, life, wife, chief, roof, man, woman, tooth, foot, child, ox, sheep, bush, Negro, quantity, fox, species, hero, valley, means, thief, volcano, quiz, epoch, studio, bus, photo, mouse, scarf, tomato, potato, belief, goose, path, country, toy, church, dish, crisis, thesis, shoe. Ask your group-mates to give the singular of the following nouns: children, umbrellas, gentlemen, teeth, parties, geese, lives, dictionaries, factories, deer, leaves, zoos, photos, pianos, plays, cities, stomachs, shelves, dishes, dogs, hens, friends, maps, data, oxen, handkerchiefs, trays, heroes, wolves, couches, bushes, phenomena, means, loaves, stimuli, halves. Explain and reproduce the following dialogue: Teacher: Is “trousers” plural or singular? Pupil: Singular at the top and plural at the bottom. Make these sentences plural. 1. He is a teacher. 2. She is a pretty girl of sixteen years old. 3. The church is old. 4. There is a man behind you. 5. The glass is broken. 6. Here is a book and a notebook. 7. A mouse is an animal. 8. A goose is a bird. 9. A calf is a little cow. 10. A dog is bigger than a cat. 11. The classroom is large. 12. A woman is busier than a man. 13. The leaf is green. 14. Give me the key. 15. The shop is open today. 16. The door is shut. 17. The book is on the shelf. 18. The shelf is on the wall. 19. The child is ill. 20. The deer is young. 21. The tooth is broken. 22. The foot is sore. 23. The sheep is in the field. 24. The brother-in-law is in the garden. 25. The knife is sharp. 26. The photo is excellent. 27. The piano is beautiful. 28. The hero is unknown. 29. The thief was found. 30. The scarf is red. 31. The toy is pretty. Make these sentences singular. 1. The boxes are heavy. 2. The men are in the shop. 3. There are forget-me-nots in the garden. 4. The villages are far. 5. The leaves are dry. 6. The wolves are stronger than the foxes. 7. The plays are interesting. 8. The branches are broken. 9. The mice are grey. 10. The animals in the zoos are funny. 11. My teeth ache.12. The days are long in summer. 13. There are boys and girls in the classrooms. 14. My friends are good. 15. The knives are sharp. 16. The jobs are interesting. 17. There are hats and bags in my car. 18. There are buses and cars in the street. 19. The babies are crying in the dining-room. 20. The watches are new. 21. Take these loaves. 22. There are interesting flies in my collection. 23. His shoes are at the shoemaker’s. 24. The oxen are in the yard. 25. These heroes are known to everybody. Give the plural of the following nouns. Housewife, Englishman, passer-by, Frenchwoman, businessman, fireman, postman, workman, law, forget-me-not, step-daughter, fingertip. 8. Write the nouns denoting parts of the human body on the blackboard. one (a) nose. Model: I have two eyes. mother- in-
Head, face, shoulder, eye, cheek, lip, tooth, mouth, tongue, brain, ear, chin, neck, throat, thumb, finger, hand, wrist, elbow, chest, leg, fingernail, knee, ankle, foot, toe, arm. Choose the singular or plural nouns from the given list and fill in the blanks using the possessive forms: problem lives toys parks fur shoes teeth friends storm skin mistake name songs visit decisions house wife car rays climate newspaper jobs product environment holiday history health room influence Model: A – home is his castle. => A man’s home is his castle. 1. People – are interesting to a writer. 2. Men – are very different from women’s. 3. The children – are on the sofa. 4. Their wives – are very interesting. 5. The boys – are on the shelf. 6. The men – are hard. 7. The child – is in danger. 8. The patients – are healthy. 9. The Negroes – are beautiful. 10. John – is serious. 11. The ladies – is upstairs. 12. The Joneses – is large. 13. The hero – is unknown. 14. My brother-in-law – is new. 15. Charles – is a famous singer. 16. New York – are dangerous at night. 17. This factory – are very good. 18. Today – is full of interesting news. 19. The earth – is in danger. 20. Yesterday – is over and the week – came to an end. 21. The sun – are very strong in the South. 22. The school – is long. 23. Science – is great. 24. The fox – is red. 25. The mouse – is grey. 26. The country – is different. 27. The Party – are important. 28. The month – is over. Fill in the blanks using the given nouns (piece, blade, block, pile, lump, sheet, bar, glass, slice). Make up situations of your own using the expressions. Model: A – of paper. => A piece of paper. 1. a – of bread; 2. a – of grass; 3. a – of ice; 4. a – of rubbish; 5. a – of sugar; 6. a – of soap; 7. a – of chocolate; 8. a – of water; 9. a – of cake. Put together the words under A and B, making possessive forms. Model: student – book => the student’s book. A. student B. book eye needle teacher question yesterday newspaper children mother pupil dictionary friend father girl answer boy uncle a morning trip mother hair branches the tree tomorrow concert John sister bottom the river. Describe your flat, using nouns in the possessive case or of-phrases: Prompts: the size of the flat (room, kitchen), the colour of the room (carpet, furniture, curtains, walls, lamps) the width (the length) of the balcony (corridor), etc. Ask your group-mates what they usually do at: a baker’s (shop), a barber’s, a bookseller’s, a butcher’s, a chemist’s, a dressmaker’s, a grocer’s, a photographer’s, a shoemaker’s, a stationer’s, a doctor’s. Prompts: meat, hair, bread, paper, books, shoes, photos, sugar, clothes, drugs.