16e – Mobile WiMAX

Mikko Kivistö - mikko.kivisto(at)tut.fi Petri Järvelä – petri.jarvela(at)tut.fi

802.16e provides enhancements to 802.16-2004 to support subscriber stations moving at vehicular speeds standard specifies a system for a combined fixed and mobile broadband wireless access.

16e Mobile WiMAX physical layer is based on Scalable OFDMA technology. The new technologies employed for Mobile WiMAX result in lower equipment complexity and simpler mobility management due to the all-IP core network and provide Mobile WiMAX systems with many other advantages over CDMA-based 3G systems .Key advantages of 802.

Key advantages of 802.16e Tolerance to Multipath and Self-Interference Scalable Channel Bandwidth Orthogonal Uplink Multiple Access Support for Spectrally-Efficient TDD Frequency-Selective Scheduling Fractional Frequency Reuse Fine Quality of Service (QoS) Advanced Antenna Technology .

Overview Certification Process Frequency Bands Reference Model .

16e amendment to the 802. Spain in the same year IEEE has moved it´s responsibility of WiMAX certifications to WiMAX Forum First commercial availability for 802. 2005 the IEEE ratified the 802.Certification Process In December. . roaming and multiple antenna technologies such as MIMO and beamforming and be available in equipment in the second half of 2007.16e in 7/2006 More advanced mobile functionality will gradually be added through support for high-speed handoffs.16 standard. First certification laboratory was established in Cetecom Labs in Malaga.

3. . 2.3 GHz. 7. Release-1 of 802. 8. Support for additional bands will be added on the basis of market demand and new spectrum allocations.3 GHz. 3.16e-2005 will initially operate in the 2.8 GHz spectrum bands.75.16e profiles will cover 5.4-3.5 GHz. and 10 MHz channel bandwidths for frequency bands above.Frequency Bands IEEE 802.

Reference Model ASN = Access Service Network CSN = Connctivity Service Network NSP = Network Service Provider ASP = Application Service Provider NAP = Network Access Provider .

The scalability is supported by adjusting the FFT size while fixing the sub-carrier frequency spacing at 10.94 kHz.25 to 20 MHz.Physical Layer description The Mobile WiMAX Air Interface adopts Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) for improved multi-path performance in non-line-of-sight environments.16e Amendment to support scalable channel bandwidths from 1. . Scalable OFDMA (SOFDMA) is introduced in the IEEE 802.

802.16e supports TDD and Full and Half-Duplex FDD operation. . thus providing a great deal of flexibility in network deployment options and service offerings.Physical Layer Description Since the resource unit sub-carrier bandwidth and symbol duration is fixed. 802.16e systems offer scalability in both radio access technology and network architecture. the impact to higher layers is minimal when scaling the bandwidth.

16e technology to support • • peak DL data rates up to 63 Mbps per sector and peak UL data rates up to 28 Mbps per sector in a 10 MHz channel. Advanced Coding and Modulation all enable the 802.Data Rates High Data Rates: The inclusion of MIMO antenna techniques along with flexible sub-channelization schemes. .

Other Advanced Features for 802.16e Adaptive modulation and coding (AMC) Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request (HARQ) Fast Channel Feedback (CQICH) .

SOFDMA Data Rates .SOFDMA and 802.16e specs.

Mobile WiMAX also supports seamless handoff to enable the Mobile Station (MS) to switch from one base station to another at vehicular speeds without interrupting the connection.Mobility Management Power management and handoff are two important issues for mobile applications. Mobile WiMAX supports Sleep Mode and Idle Mode. .

Power Management Two modes to manage efficient power operation Sleep Mode Idle Mode Idle Mode provides a mechanism for the MS to become periodically available remove the requirement for handoff and other normal operations eliminate air interface and network handoff traffic from essentially inactive MSs .

Power Management Sleep Mode MS conducts pre-negotiated periods of absence from the Serving Base Station (SBS) air interface. These periods are interpreted as unavailability of the MS to SBS concerning DL or UL traffic. Sleep Mode minimize MS power usage and the usage of SBS’s air interface resources Handoffs between Base Stations are available during Sleep Mode .

Handoff Mobile WiMAX supports three handoff methods Hard Handoff . . MDHO (optional) When FBSS is supported MS and BS keep up a list of BSs that are involved in FBSS with the MS → Active set MS defines an Anchor BS and communicates only with it. HHO (mandatory) Fast Base Station Switching . FBSS (optional) Macro Diversity Handover .

important requirement of FBSS is that the data is simultaneously transmitted to all members of an active set of BSs that are able to serve the MS. .Handoff When FBSS is supported transition between Anchor BSs is carried out without any HO signalling begins with a decision by an MS to receive or transmit data from the Anchor BS that may change within the active set.

An Anchor BS is defined MS communicates with all BSs in the active set of uplink and downlink unicast messages and traffic begins when a MS decides to transmit or receive unicast messages and traffic from multiple BSs in the same time interval .Handoff When MDHO is supported MS and BS maintain an active set of BSs that are involved in MDHO with the MS.

OFDMA allows smart antenna operations to be performed on vector-flat sub-carriers.Advanced Features of Mobile WiMAX Smart antenna technologies typically involve complex vector or matrix operations on signals due to multiple antennas. Mobile WiMAX supports a full range of smart antenna technologies to enhance system performance. .

Advanced Features of Mobile WiMAX Beamforming → better coverage and capacity and → reduce outage probability Space-Time Code (STC) transmit diversity codes are used to provide spatial diversity → reduce fade margin .

Advanced Features of Mobile WiMAX Spatial Multiplexing (SM) → advantage of higher peak rates → increases throughput multiple streams are transmitted over multiple antennas both receiver and transmitter must have multiple antennas to achieve higher throughput .

which only occupy a small fraction of the whole channel bandwidth the flexible sub-channel reuse is facilitated by sub-channel segmentation and permutation zone .Advanced Features of Mobile WiMAX Fractional Frequency Reuse all cells/sectors operate on the same frequency channel to maximize spectral efficiency. users operate on subchannels.

MediaFLO and 3GPP E-UTRA and satisfies the following requirements: High data rate and coverage using a Single Frequency Network (SFN) Flexible allocation of radio resources Low MS power consumption Support of data-casting in addition to audio and video streams Low channel switching time .Advanced Features of Mobile WiMAX Multicast and Broadcast Service (MBS) combines the best features of DVB-H.

16e System Parameters .802.

Comparing Mobile WiMAX to 1xEVDO and HSPA .

Summary 802. 802.16e supports seamless handoff which provides switching between base stations in vehicular speeds. Mobile WiMAX uses Scalable OFDMA multiplexing which maximizes the spectral efficiency. .16e can offer full-mobility for WiMAX and thus it can be considered as a real competitor for 3G for example in IPtraffic (VoIP / IPTV).

portable and mobile applications for 802. Sep 2006. LAN/MAN Standards Committee of IEEE Computer Society Fixed. Prepared by Senza Fili Consulting on behalf of the WIMAX Forum Mobile WiMAX Performance and Comparative Summary. 2005.16-2004 and 802. May 2006. Copyright 2006 WiMAX Forum Mobile WiMAX – Part II: A Comparative Analysis. Aug. Nov. 2006. nomadic.16e WiMAX networks. Copyright 2006 WiMAX Forum .16e-2005 Standard.References Mobile WiMAX – Part I: A Technical Overview and Performance Evaluation. Copyright 2006 WiMAX Forum 802.

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