Einstein | Albert Einstein | Cognitive Science

Table of Contents
Introduction QuoteBank Twenty Famous Quotes God Science War and Peace Education and Teaching Wisdom Funny Quotes Society Personal Einstein’s Historic speeches The Principles of Research German League of Human Rights Albert Einstein as Author The World as I See It Out of my Later Years Relativity: The Special and General Theory
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Albert Einstein
His Life and Times

Albert Einstein Makes History and Inspires Hope
With his shaggy unruly hair, unfashionable clothes and prominent mustache Albert Einstein could be recognized a ny wh e r e. H e wa s t h e quintessential absent minded professor—a man who would forget where he kept his car keys but solved profound problems of physics. He was a genius of high order who changed the way we perceive the universe with his theories. The Times has hailed him as Person of the Century. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921. One of the most brilliant scientists and an extraordinary man he was also deeply compassionate and wanted to help his fellow creatures. A man of letters he has voiced his opinion on subjects as diverse as religion and war many of which are relevant even today. The beginning Born in Germany on March 14, 1879. His father Hermann, a salesman and engineer and his mother Pauline resided in Ulm in the kingdom of Wurttemberg. They were Jews. The family shifted to Munich in 1880. The family was not an orthodox Jewish one and young Albert attended an elementary catholic school. Though young Albert experienced difficulties in speech, he proved to be a brilliant student. When Albert was only five years old his father showed him a pocket compass. Even at this young age Albert felt that there was an unseen force which

I am enough of an ar tist to draw freely upo n my imagination. Imaginat ion is more important than kn ow le dg e. K no w le dg e is limited. Imagination en circles the world. Albert Einstein
was guiding the needle. The compass made an indelible impression in Albert’s mind. When he was six his musically coaxed him to learn violin.

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Though Einstein’s life was monotonous he managed to form a club on science with like minded friends called “The Olympia Academy". could be simply understood from the postulate that light interacts with matter as discrete "packets" (quanta) of energy. supported the atomic t h e o r y. "The Investigation of the State of Aether in Magnetic Fields". while he was still working in the patent office a leading German physic journal published four papers written by Einstein. These technical problems would be later used in Einstein’s experiments. The first steps Even though Einstein had graduated. She was his fellow student and had the honor of being the only student of her sex to study mathematics in ETH. The marriage proved short lived and finally ended in a divorcé in Februar y 1919. notably the photoelectric effect. After struggling for two years he finally got a job in Berne at the Federal Office for Intellectual Property. History was to later name these papers Annus Mirabilis Papers which are now recognized as masterpieces in science. He also took Swiss citizenship in the same year. In 1896. He had followed his father’s advice and renounced his German citizenship. Albert displayed a scientific bend of mind from an early age.inclined mother coaxed him to learn violin. He decided to finish secondary school from Aarau. It was here that he took the first tentative steps that would take him to the road of greatness. as an assistant examiner. he failed to secure a teaching job. He decided to apply to ETH Zurich. The love affair was doomed to failure. He tried his hand at building mechanical devices. They were blessed with a son Hans Albert Einstein who was born in Berne. he conceived a bold experiment in which he visualized traveling along a beam of light. At 17 he graduated from High School and finally secured admission in ETH. He wrote his first scientific work. Unfortunately Einstein failed even though he secured high marks in mathematics and physics. Another son Eduard was born in Zurich. Another paper on Brownian motion explained the random movement of very small objects as direct evidence of molecular action. Switzerland polished his natural abilities. Einstein was gifted with an extraordinary mind. Switzerland. Einstein did not complete High School. Switzerland. The very next year. Though he detested these lessons the teacher succeeded in developing in him a love for music. The teens Albert experienced the first major change in his life when his family left Germany to start a new life in sunny Italy. The germs of fame were sown. Failure did not deter him. By the age of 12 he had mastered Euclidean geometry. Einstein came into contact with his future wife Mileva Marić. Einstein did not remain single for long. In the same year he tied the knot with Elsa Löwenthal who was his cousin. He also displayed an unusual ability to handle numbers. the Swiss Federal Institute of Te c h n o l o g y i n Z ü r i c h . That Wonderful Year In the year 1905. H i s p a p e r o n t h e . Einstein published a paper in the prestigious Annalen der Physik on the capillary forces of straw. As part of his job he dealt with transmission of electric signals and electrical-mechanical synchronization of time. and Hume who were to have a profound influence on him. Personal life Einstein married his former classmate Mileva Marić on 6 January 1903 despite opposition from his mother. the patent office. Mozart’s violin sonatas were one of his favorite. When Albert was only ten a medical student who was also his friend introduced him to books on mathematics and philosophy. Einstein however hated the rules and regulations of the school which he felt thwarted creativity and hindered the free development of thought. He was a student of a prestigious school Luitpold Gymnasium. Elsa had two daughter s from a previous marriage who grew up in the Einstein household. As he had not cleared High School he was required to pass an entrance examination. Albert’s sharp mind was quick to grasp these subjects. His first job was to evaluate p aten t fo r e le c t ro m a g n e t i c devices. In the same year one of Einstein’s friends introduced him to the works of Ernst Mach which was to have a major influence in his life. In 1900 Einstein secured a degree in physics. Mach. One of his papers dealing with the particulate nature of light expounded the idea that certain experimental results. At Switzerland he experienced the pangs of love when he fell in love with Marie. The members of the club held weekly meetings and pored over the works of Poincare. When he was only 16.

where he made ground breaking achievements the papers were not well received by the scientific community. Fame and the Nobel Prize his job at the patent office when he was appointed associate professor at the University of Zurich. Nobel laureate . He switched jobs and took up the job of a professor at the German Charles-Ferdinand University in Prague. He was awarded the PhD by the University of Zurich. He became a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences and professor at the Humboldt University of Berlin. Einstein received a promotion from the patent office. In 1912 Einstein became the professor of his former collage at ETH. Road to Greatness In 1906. Professor of Experimental Physics. which showed that the observed independence of the speed of light on the observer's state of motion required fundamental changes to the notion of simultaneity.electrodynamics of moving bodies proclaimed the new theory of special relativity. Meanwhile Einstein continued his education. northern Brazil. Though the year 1905 is now recognized as one of the most wonderful years of Einstein’s life. In his paper on mass–energy equivalence . They were mostly ignored and the few who noticed them did not agree with them. He was free from most teaching assignments to enable him to devote more time to research. His designation was now Technical Examiner. It gave the photon concept which was later used to prove wave–particle duality in quantum mechanics. Meanwhile Einstein’s fame began to s p re a d . Einstein gave birth to one of twentieth century’s most well known equation: E  =  mc2. Einstein now began toying with the possibilities of using general covariance in proving his theory on gravitation. The headlines of Times a renowned British newspaper s c r e a m e d ” Re vo l u t i o n i n Science  – New Theory of the Universe  – Newtonian Ideas Overthrown”. Meanwhile Einstein decided to go back to Berlin. In May 1919. and Príncipe. Einstein published "Über die Entwicklung unserer Anschauungen über das Wesen und die Konstitution der Strahlung" ("The Development of Our Views on the Composition and Essence of Radiation"). In 1910 he wrote another now famous paper in which he described the cumulative effect of light scattered by individual molecules in the atmosphere proving the scientific reason behind why the sky appeared to be blue. During 1909. Einstein began to take an interest in Riemannian geometry. At the age of 26 Einstein had another achievement under his belt. The year 1908 found him as a privatdozent at the University of Bern. While he was working in Prague he published another of his path breaking papers dealing with effects of gravity on light. Finally Einstein was able to leave Mathematician Marcel Grossmann. He came into contact with Further recognition of his genius followed. He had studied under Alfred Kleiner. This paper proved that even small amounts of energy could be used to make massive amounts of energy. His theory foreshadowed the advent of nuclear power. In 1914 he was appointed director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics which he served till 1932. His research yielded fruit and by 1915 he had published a ground breaking paper on the theory of relativity which is used till today.a team of British astronomers stated that they had confirmed Einstein’s earlier prediction of g r av i t a t i o n a l d e fl e c t i o n o f starlight by the Sun while photographing a solar eclipse in Sobral. After World War I he was appointed as Extraordinary Professor of the Leiden University. on the quantization of light. S o m e o f t h e extraordinary work he had done reached UK and the US. Another honor came his way.

Research After completing his research on g e n e r a l re l at i v i t y E i n s t e i n concentrated on the theory of gravitation. He continued to play an active role in public affairs till his death. He however did not live to see the seed he had sown blossom into a fertile plant. In a letter to the then American President Franklin Roosevelt. A deeply compassionate man he was associated with humanitarian. one of his first actions was to remove Jews from high positions. He helped to raise funds for Zionist organizations. Ger many witnessed turbulent times with the rapid rise of Hitler and Nazism. During the Second World War Einstein did his bit to help his fellow Jews to escape from Germany. A new development took place in the scientific world. social and political projects all over the world. Einstein was a member of several civil rights g roups. During the Second World War many scientists feared that Germany had the capacity to develop the atom bomb. The bomb came into being and was later used against Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He wrote numerous affidavits recommending US visas for them. The last years The Einsteins decided to settle down in America permanently. including the Princeton chapter of the NAACP. He advocated one world order.Bose statistics are now used to describe the behaviors of any assembly of "bosons". Einstein was a strong critic of Nazism. World War II was over in 1945 but it also marked the beginning of the cold war between the two super powers USA and USSR and the beginning of a new arms race. In the 1920s quantum mechanics was developed into a complete theory. Einstein urged the American government to develop the bomb. The end came in 1955. Einstein was given a description of a statistical model from Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose. In 1950. with results confirming quantum theory's predictions. As early as 1932 Einstein left his homeland and made his home in America. Einstein maintained friendly relations with the Soviet bloc. Such was the effect of his personality that his views were sought and aired on a wide variety of subjects’ including God and nature. He lent his support to the creation of a Jewish homeland. This unique refrigerator had no moving parts and was developed using only heat as an input. His objective was to simplify the basic laws of physics dealing with gravitation and electromagnetism. World figure Einstein was now regarded as one of the great figures the world had ever produced. observed that the theory seemed to require nonlocal interactions. On 17 April Einstein suffered . based on a counting method that assumed that light could be understood as a gas of i n d i s t i n g u i s h a bl e p a r t i c l e s. Einstein invented a refrigerator bearing his name. Einstein also made original contributions by publishing his own articles describing the model and its implications. The path that Einstein chose to travel in was a novel one. He officially took citizenship of the US in 1940. Coordinating with his former student Leo Szilard. Einstein did not see eye to eye with the "Copenhagen inter pretation" of quantum theory developed by Niels Bohr. He felt that the description of nature advocated by this theory was incomplete and left much to be desired. In the year 1924. Decades later in 1995 the first such condensate was produced experimentally by Eric Allin Cornell and Carl Wieman using ultra-cooling equipment built at the NIST-JILA laboratory at the University of C o l o r a d o a t B o u l d e r. When Hitler became Chancellor. President Roosevelt followed Einstein’s advice . He later regretted his decision. he described this "unified field theory" in a Scientific American article entitled "On the Generalized Theory of Gravitation" However he could not realize his dream and his efforts did not bear fruit. The EPR experiment has since been performed. He was also against further development of nuclear weapons and lobbied to stop further testing. Einstein could foresee that he had no place in Nazi Germany. . The world was changing rapidly. which included the Bose–Einstein condensate phenomenon that made an appearance at very low temperatures Einstein. Einstein submitted a translated version of Bose‘s paper the Zeitschrift für Physik. An apostle of peace Einstein saw with dismay the rise of Hitler and the aggressive postures he assumed. Einstein in collaboration with Boris Podolsky and Nathan Rosen. Einstein came face to face with tragedy when he lost his wife Elsa in 1936. His political belief veered around socialist Zionism. They purchased a house in Princeton. this is known as the EPR paradox .The effort to develop the bomb was called the Manhattan Project.

He remained active till the end. It was hoped that neuroscience of the future would be able to analyze the enormous power of his brain. He breathed his last at the Princeton Hospital.from internal bleeding. Einstein was then 76 years old. He was regarded as "the greatest scientist of the twentieth century and one of the supreme intellects of all time. During his last days he was preparing the draft of a speech which he would have b ro a d c a s t o n t h e s eve n t h anniversary of the formation of Israel. Prior to his cremation his brain was removed." .

Albert Einstein . the rest are details” .Albert Einstein "The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true art and all science.” . albeit a very persistent one..Twenty Famous Quotes “I want to know God's thoughts. Religion without science is blind.Albert Einstein “The only reason for time is so that everything doesn't happen at once” . but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones.Albert Einstein “I am enough of an artist to draw freely upon my imagination.Albert Einstein "Science without religion is lame. ." “Science is nothing more than a refinement of everyday thinking?" . Knowledge is limited. hope for tomorrow. Imagination is more important than knowledge. who can no longer pause to wonder and stand rapt in awe." "I am convinced that He (God) does not play dice.Albert Einstein “Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new” .Albert Einstein "Reality is merely an illusion.Albert Einstein ." ." . Imagination encircles the world” . is as good as dead: his eyes are closed . The important thing is not to stop questioning.. live for today.Albert Einstein “Learn from yesterday.Albert Einstein "I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought. He to whom this emotion is strangers.Albert Einstein .

Albert Einstein “Reading after a certain (time) diverts the mind too much from its creative pursuits.” . Every one of us appears here involuntarily and uninvited for a short stay. .Albert Einstein .Albert Einstein .Albert Einstein "A person starts to live when he can live outside himself.Albert Einstein.Albert Einstein “The further the spiritual evolution of mankind advances.“Everything should be made as simple as possible." “I never think of the future. Any man who reads too much and uses his own brain too little falls into lazy habits of thinking.” The secret to creativity is knowing how to hide your sources.Albert Einstein . without knowing the whys and the wherefore” .” .” “E = mc²: Energy equals mass times the speed of light squared. but through striving after rational knowledge. but not simpler” . It comes soon enough.Albert Einstein “Not everything that counts can be counted and not everything that can be counted counts. and the fear of death.Albert Einstein “Our situation on this earth seems strange. and blind faith.” . the more certain it seems to me that the path to genuine religiosity does not lie through the fear of life.” .

He looked with wonder at God the creator.” . and was actually a deeply humane and religious man. living with all one's soul. Many branded him as an atheist He did nor believe in a personal God who interfered with the affairs of mankind but believed in the power of a supreme being whose spirit seemed to be governing the universe.Albert Einstein "I can not accept any concept of God based on the fear of life or the fear of death or blind faith. but if I were to speak of him I would be a liar." -Albert Einstein .” . not in a God who concerns himself with the fates and actions of human beings” .” “Before God we are all equally wise .and equally foolish.Albert Einstein “True religion is real living. I am a deeply religious man” Einstein spoke and wrote frequently of God.God Einstein’s views on God were unconventional. of the manifestations of the profoundest reason and the most radiant beauty. in this sense.” “God is subtle but he is not malicious” .Albert Einstein . In his book The World as I See It. “God reveals himself in the orderly harmony of what exists. with all one's goodness and righteousness” .Albert Einstein “I believe in Spinoza's God who reveals himself in the orderly harmony of what exists.Albert Einstein “God does not care about our mathematical difficulties. he wrote: "A knowledge of the existence of something we cannot penetrate.Albert Einstein . I can not prove to you that there is no personal God. which are only accessible to our reason in their most elementary forms—it is this knowledge and this emotion that constitute the truly religious attitude. He integrates empirically.Albert Einstein “My religion consists of a humble admiration of the illimitable superior spirit who reveals himself in the slight details we are able to perceive with our frail and feeble mind. and in this alone.

Albert Einstein . I cannot do this in spite of the fact that mechanistic causality has. been placed in doubt by modern science” . God is answering. to a certain extent.” . or would directly sit in judgment on creatures of his own creation.” ."I cannot conceive of a personal God who would directly influence the actions of individuals.Albert Einstein “When the solution is simple.Albert Einstein “What really interests me is whether God had any choice in the creation of the world.

Curiosity has its own reason for existing.Albert Einstein "The release of atom power has changed everything except our way of thinking." .. If only I had known.Albert Einstein "Do not worry about your difficulties in Mathematics. they do not refer to reality. because politics is for the present. "The whole of science is nothing more than a refinement of everyday thinking. they are not certain. I can assure you mine are still greater.the solution to this problem lies in the heart of mankind. He experienced an artist’s joy of creation while exploring the great laws of nature." . He is widely regarded as the greatest scientist of the twentieth century.Albert Einstein "The important thing is not to stop questioning. as far as they are certain.Science Science was Einstein’s first love and the passion of his life.Albert Einstein "Technological progress is like an axe in the hands of a pathological criminal." ." . time and energy. but an equation is something for eternity. a genius whose theories and experiments gave us profound knowledge about the universe and changed the concept of space. I should have become a watchmaker." .Albert Einstein "Equations are more important to me.Albert Einstein . Till the very end he retained the spirit of joy a child feels about the great phenomena of nature and the curiosity to discover more about them." . To him delving in the mysteries of science was an escape from the monotony and problems of the everyday world into a lover’s arms." . Everything else took a back seat to it..Albert Einstein "As far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality.

they receive them there. very long cat. present and future is only a stubbornly persistent illusion. and may.Albert Einstein . The only difference is that there is no cat.Albert Einstein “It stands to the everlasting credit of science that by acting on the human mind it has overcome man's insecurity before himself and before nature.” . Do you understand this? And radio operates exactly the same way: you send signals here.Albert Einstein .." .Albert Einstein “Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple. arts and sciences are branches of the same tree." .Albert Einstein “Science is the attempt to make the chaotic diversity of our sense experience correspond to a logically uniform system of thought..” “It should be possible to explain the laws of physics to a barmaid.” .” . A finely tempered nature longs to escape from the personal life into the world of objective perception and thought. from the fetters of one's own ever-shifting desires.” “All religions.Albert Einstein ".Albert Einstein . be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone." . That means nothing. who believe in physics. know that the distinction between past.one of the strongest motives that lead men to art and science is escape from everyday life with its painful crudity and hopeless dreariness. as a rule. People like us.Albert Einstein “The important thing is not to stop questioning.Albert Einstein "You see.” ."Now he has departed from this strange world a little ahead of me. wire telegraph is a kind of a very. You pull his tail in New York and his head is meowing in Los Angeles.

.” . the poetry of logical ideas.Albert Einstein .” . in its way.Albert Einstein “Pure mathematics is.Albert Einstein “The grand aim of all science is to cover the greatest number of empirical facts by logical deduction from the smallest number of hypotheses or axioms. They are wrong: it is character.“Most people say that is it is the intellect which makes a great scientist.

Nothing will end war unless the people themselves refuse to go to war.” . He even wrote a letter to Franklin Roosevelt.” . I am willing to fight for peace.Albert Einstein . “Peace cannot be kept by force. and all the loathsome nonsense that goes by the name of patriotism -. the President of America urging him to develop the atom bomb. who attended the League of Nations and other disarmament groups. he abhorred any kind of violence and was a staunch pacifist.” .” .Albert Einstein “Force always attracts men of low morality.” .War and Peace An apostle of peace.how passionately I hate them!” . From then onwards he was a crusader against the bomb and felt that scientists should not help nations to develop destructive armaments.” .Albert Einstein “So long as there are men there will be wars.Albert Einstein “I do not believe that civilization will be wiped out in a war fought with the atomic bomb.Albert Einstein “The unleashed power of the atom has changed everything save our modes of thinking and we thus drift toward unparalleled catastrophe.Albert Einstein “You cannot simultaneously prevent and prepare for war. it can only be achieved by understanding. He opposed nationalism and advocated the concept of one world with a world government at the helm.Albert Einstein “Heroism on command. He took the extreme view that taking a life even in a war was equal to plain murder.” . senseless violence. However when Hitler rose to power. Einstein felt everything should be done to stop Hitler.Albert Einstein “I am not only a pacifist but a militant pacifist. He was to rue his decision when the city of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was reduced to rubble by atom bombs. Perhaps two-thirds of the people of the earth will be killed.

Albert Einstein "Taken on the whole. by raising my voice.” -Albert Einstein “Nationalism is an infantile disease. They indoctrinate children with hatred.” Albert Einstein “Human beings are not condemned.” .." -Albert Einstein It is my conviction that killing under the cloak of war is nothing but an act of murder. because of their biological constitution.” -Albert Einstein "It may affront the military-minded person to suggest a reqime that does not maintain any military secrets.“We scientists.” ." .Albert Einstein “The pioneers of a warless world are the young men and women who refuse military service. but by non-participation in what we believe is evil..But maybe. self-inflicted fate. It is the measles of mankind. .Albert Einstein “Nothing that I can do will change the structure of the universe. to annihilate each other or to be at the mercy of a cruel. love rather than hate.Albert Einstein . We should strive to do things in his spirit.Goodwill among men and peace on earth. I would believe that Gandhi's views were the most enlightened of all the political men in our time.. Our schoolbooks glorify war and conceal its horrors. whose tragic destiny it has been to make the methods of annihilation ever more gruesome and more effective. by educating them in the spirit of pacifism.not to use violence in fighting for our cause. must consider it our solemn and transcendent duty to do all in our power in preventing these weapons from being used for the brutal purpose for which they were invented.” .. I would teach peace rather than war.Albert Einstein “ We must inoculate our children against militarism. I can help in the greatest of all causes-.

I found the consideration of any scientific problems distasteful to me for an entire year. the sincerity and the selfconfidence of pupils and produces a subservient subject. This coercion had such a deterring effect on me that. whether one liked it or not. but as the enviable opportunity to learn to know the liberating influence of beauty in the realm of the spirit for your own personal joy and to the profit of the community to which your later work belongs. He was against the system of learning by rote which deadened a child’s curiosity.Albert Einstein "To me the worst thing seems to be a school principally to work with methods of fear. According to him an ideal teacher was the one who could create a sense of wonder and awe in his student.Albert Einstein "Never regard study as a duty." . He was against the modern methods of education at the school level which squeezed out the pleasure of attaining knowledge." -Albert Einstein "One had to cram all this stuff into one's mind for the examinations. force and artificial authority.Albert Einstein .Albert Einstein "Teaching should be such that what is offered is perceived as a valuable gift and not as a hard duty." .” . "The only thing that interferes with my learning is my education. He was bored in classrooms and detested the formal school education he received. after I had passed the final examination." .” .Albert Einstein "Education is what remains after one has forgotten everything he learned in school.Albert Einstein “It is the supreme art of the teacher to awaken joy in creative expression and knowledge. Such treatment destroys the sound sentiments." .” .Albert Einstein “It is a miracle that curiosity survives formal education.Education and Teaching Einstein’s views on education too were unconventional.

as the outstanding organ for the people's education. must serve that end exclusively. the sole function of education was to open the way to thinking and knowing.” .Albert Einstein .“According to this conception. and the school.

Albert Einstein “Only one who devotes himself to a cause with his whole strength and soul can be a true master. He has been extensively quoted and many of his opinions are relevant even today.Wisdom Einstein possessed one of the greatest minds of the twentieth century. The other is as though everything is a miracle.in my opinion -.Albert Einstein “We cannot despair of humanity.Albert Einstein .” .Albert Einstein “The environment is everything that isn't me. One is as though nothing is a miracle. “Perfection of means and confusion of goals seem -. the hard from within.” .” .” .Albert Einstein “Sometimes one pays most for the things one gets for nothing.” . from one's own efforts. His words reveal a mind which has pondered deeply on the lot of fellow human beings. since we ourselves are human beings. Einstein was gifted with a natural flair for words.” .” -Albert Einstein “The bitter and the sweet come from the outside.to characterize our age.Albert Einstein “There are only two ways to live your life.” . not because of any lack of order in nature. For this reason mastery demands all of a person.Albert Einstein “Occurrences in this domain are beyond the reach of exact prediction because of the variety of factors in operation. He brought his great mind to bear not only on science but offered pearls of wisdom on almost everything under the sun.

Albert Einstein “Only a life lived in the service to others is worth living. intersected between the causal primary instincts and the resulting actions.” . then we are a sorry lot indeed.Albert Einstein “In order to form an immaculate member of a flock of sheep one must. there is no difference between large and small problems. for issues concerning the treatment of people are all the same.“The significant problems we face today cannot be solved at the same level of thinking we were at when we created them. fear are some of those inner forces which rule the individual's instinct for self preservation.Albert Einstein .Albert Einstein “Intellectual growth should commence at birth and cease only at death.” .” . pain.” .Albert Einstein “In matters of truth and justice..” . above all. love..Albert Einstein “If people are good only because they fear punishment.” .Albert Einstein “Anger dwells only in the bosom of fools. and hope for reward.Albert Einstein “Hunger.” . be a sheep.Albert Einstein “The high destiny of the individual is to serve rather than to rule.” .Albert Einstein “Thought is the organizing factor in man.” .” .

would it?” . and it seems like an hour.Albert Einstein “I have become rather like King Midas.Albert Einstein .Albert Einstein "The hardest thing in the world to understand is the income tax.” . he had the ability to see into the funny side of things. it would not be called research. “Gravitation can not be held responsible for people falling in love” .Albert Einstein “It would be a sad situation if the wrapper were better than the meat wrapped inside it.” .Albert Einstein “Put your hand on a hot stove for a minute. except that everything turns not into gold but into a circus.Albert Einstein “If you are out to describe the truth. He had a sharp wit which surfaces frequently in his writings. A great creative mind." .Albert Einstein “How on earth are you ever going to explain in terms of chemistry and physics so important a biological phenomenon as first love” .Albert Einstein “To punish me for my contempt for authority. letters and speeches.Funny Quotes Even while delving into profound scientific research Einstein displayed his sense of playful humor.Albert Einstein “If we knew what it was we were doing. That's relativity” . (referring to clothing)” . leave elegance to the tailor” . Sit with a pretty girl for an hour. and it seems like a minute. fate made me an authority myself.

” -Albert Einstein .Albert Einstein “Any man who can drive safely while kissing a pretty girl is simply not giving the kiss the attention it deserves” .“Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity.Albert Einstein “Science is a wonderful thing if one does not have to earn one's living at it. and I'm not sure about the universe” .

pity.” . His opinion was sought on all possible topics and he freely gave them.” .” .Society Albert Einstein was one of the most influential personalities of the twentieth century. pride. His vision of an ideal society was a utopian world where human beings lived together in peace and harmony and lend a helping hand to each other. as social beings.Albert Einstein “The distinctions separating the social classes are false.” .Albert Einstein “Few people are capable of expressing with equanimity opinions which differ from the prejudices of their social environment.” .” . and so on.Albert Einstein “Every kind of peaceful cooperation among men is primarily based on mutual trust and only secondarily on institutions such as courts of justice and police.” .Albert Einstein . This is a cruel libel.Albert Einstein “It has become appallingly obvious that our technology has exceeded our humanity. Most people are even incapable of forming such opinions. even if it is reiterated thoughtlessly by the Americans themselves. “All that is valuable in human society depends upon the opportunity for development accorded the individual. in the last analysis they rest on force. He often voiced his concern over the underdog like the blacks in America and was a strong opponent of racial discrimination.Albert Einstein “At the same time. need for power. hate. we are moved in the relations with our fellow beings by such feelings as sympathy.Albert Einstein “Too many of us look upon Americans as dollar chasers.

"Bias against the Negro is the worst disease from which the society of our nation suffers.Albert Einstein ." .

He had a wandering mind which while pondering over great matters.Albert Einstein “When I examine myself and my methods of thought. Though he was considered a towering genius.Albert Einstein “It is strange to be known so universally and yet to be so lonely. living and dead. curiosity. he remained humble and felt he had no special talents only an inquisitive mind.” . He was also an extremely humane man with a deep compassion for the suffering of mankind. I come to the conclusion that the gift of fantasy has meant more to me than my talent for absorbing positive knowledge.” . He was extremely disorganized in his personal life.” . He was a free thinker who held unconventional views on most subjects.Albert Einstein .Albert Einstein “Why is it that nobody understands me and everybody likes me” .Albert Einstein “There has already been published by the bucketfuls such brazen lies and utter fictions about me that I would long since have gone to my grave if I had let myself pay attention to that. He led a simple life with a limited wardrobe as he did not want to waste time deciding on what to wear.” . “A hundred times every day I remind myself that my inner and outer life depend on the labors of other men.Personal Einstein was not only one of the greatest minds of the twentieth century but a unique personality.” . combined with self-criticism have brought me to my ideas. and that I must exert myself in order to give in the same measure as I have received. To him good clothes were superfluous and fashions a waste of time and energy. lost track of mundane things in everyday life.Albert Einstein “I know quite certainly that I myself have no special talent. obsession and dogged endurance.

the conclusion is false. it's just that I stay with problems longer.Albert Einstein “My sense of God is my sense of wonder about the Universe.” .“The pursuit of knowledge for its own sake.” .” .Albert Einstein “My life is a simple thing that would interest no one.” .” . The hundredth time I am right. It is a known fact that I was born and that is all that is necessary.” .Albert Einstein “I think and think for months and years.” . and the desire for personal independence .Albert Einstein “A question that sometimes drives me hazy: am I or are the others crazy?” .these are the features of Jewish tradition that make me thank my stars that I belong to it. I would have been a locksmith.” .Albert Einstein “If I had only known. I come to the conclusion that the gift of fantasy has meant more to me than my talent for absorbing positive knowledge.Albert Einstein “How do I work? I grope.Albert Einstein . Ninety-nine times. an almost fanatical love of justice.Albert Einstein “It's not that I'm so smart.Albert Einstein “I never came upon any of my discoveries through the process of rational thinking.” .Albert Einstein “When I examine myself and my methods of thought.

Albert Einstein “You ask me if I keep a notebook to record my great ideas.Albert Einstein “I am enough of an artist to draw freely upon my imagination.Albert Einstein “I live in that solitude which is painful in youth. a single experiment can prove me wrong.” .Albert Einstein .” .Albert Einstein “I used to go away for weeks in a state of confusion.“I am a deeply religious nonbeliever .this is a somewhat new kind of religion. but delicious in the years of maturity.Albert Einstein “I am not only a pacifist but a militant pacifist.” .” .” . I've only ever had one.” .” .Albert Einstein “No amount of experimentation can ever prove me right.

Were an angel of the Lord to come and drive all the people belonging to these two categories out of the temple. science is their own special sport to which they look for vivid experience and the satisfaction of ambition. and various indeed are they that dwell therein and the motives that have led them thither. responsible for the buildings of the temple of science. but there would still be some men. any more than a forest can grow which consists of nothing but creepers. . Most of them are somewhat odd. tradesmen. and thus to overcome it. solitary fellows. Many take to science out of a joyful sense of superior intellectual power. With this negative motive there goes a positive one. I am quite aware that we have just now lightheartedly expelled in imagination many excellent men who are largely. Full Transcript: In the temple of science are many mansions. But of one thing I feel sure: if the types we have just expelled were the only types there were. To him a scientist’s devotion to his work is like a lover paying homage to his beloved. Now let us have another look at those who have found favor with the angel. and in many cases our angel would find it a pretty ticklish job to decide. really less like each other. in order to find in this way the peace and security which he cannot find in the narrow whirlpool of personal experience. where the eye ranges freely through the still. He is regarded as one of the founding fathers of twentieth century physics. and that is why we love him. many others are to be found in the temple who has offered the products of their brains on this altar for purely utilitarian purposes. officers. Our Planck is one of them. To begin with. and the natural scientist do.Einstein’s Historic Speeches Albert Einstein. The words have a lyrical quality about them. left inside. In this famous speech Einstein dwells not only on Science but also on his philosophy. this desire may be compared with the townsman's irresistible longing to escape from his noisy. pure air and fondly traces out the restful contours apparently built for eternity. 1918 Principles of Research Speech rendered to the Physical Society Berlin This speech was given in honor of Max Plank’s sixtieth birthday. from the fetters of one's own ever shifting desires. in spite of these common characteristics. the speculative philosopher. He is credited to be the founder of quantum theory. the assemblage would be seriously depleted. This speech also reveals Einstein’s command over language. I believe with Schopenhauer that one of the strongest motives that leads men to art and science is escape from everyday life with its painful crudity and hopeless dreariness. A finely tempered nature longs to escape from personal life into the world of objective perception and thought. uncommunicative. What has brought them to the temple? That is a difficult question and no single answer will cover it. he then tries to some extent to substitute this cosmos of his for the world of experience. For these people any sphere of human activity will do. or scientists depends on circumstances. each in his own fashion. than the hosts of the rejected. whether they become engineers. Man tries to make for himself in the fashion that suits him best a simplified and intelligible picture of the world. cramped surroundings into the silence of high mountains. if it comes to a point. the temple would never have come to be. perhaps chiefly. of both present and past times. Each makes this cosmos and its construction the pivot of his emotional life. This is what the painter. the poet.

all events of a more complex order are beyond the power of the human intellect to reconstruct with the subtle accuracy and logical perfection which the theoretical physicist demands. if that process of deduction were not far beyond the capacity of the human intellect. refusing to let himself be diverted to more grateful and more easily attained ends. such as only the use of mathematical language can give. lie the roots of the controversy carried on some years ago between Mach and Planck. which he has himself posed and done so much to solve. but straight from the heart. as we see. theoretically. by means of pure deduction. on the other hand. in my opinion. In this methodological uncertainty. the daily effort comes from no deliberate intention or program. can reach them. including life. There he sits. and this opinion is no doubt correct. clarity. this is what Leibnitz described so happily as a "preestablished harmony. I have often heard colleagues try to attribute this attitude of his to extraordinary will-power and discipline -. it ought to be possible to arrive at the description. the theory. while one leaves everything subtler and more complex shyly and timidly alone? Does the product of such a modest effort deserve to be called by the proud name of a theory of the universe? In my belief the name is justified. out of all conceivable constructions." Physicists often accuse epistemologists of not paying sufficient attention to this fact. The physicist's renunciation of completeness for his cosmos is therefore not a matter of fundamental principle. In regard to his subject matter. The supreme task of the physicist is to arrive at those universal elementary laws from which the cosmos can be built up by pure deduction. Supreme purity. Here. resting on sympathetic understanding of experience. of every natural process. With them. in spite of the fact that there is no logical bridge between phenomena and their theoretical principles. our beloved Planck. and smiles inside himself at my childish playing-about with the lantern of Diogenes.wrongly. There is no logical path to these laws. for the general laws on which the structure of theoretical physics is based claim to be valid for any natural phenomenon whatsoever. it seems to me. But what can be the attraction of getting to know such a tiny section of nature thoroughly. May he succeed in uniting quantum theory with electrodynamics and mechanics in a single logical system. one might suppose that there were any number of possible systems of theoretical physics all equally well justified. . May the love of science continue to illumine his path in the future and lead him to the solution of the most important problem in present-day physics. that is to say.What place does the theoretical physicist's picture of the world occupy among all these possible pictures? It demands the highest possible standard of rigorous precision in the description of relations. to the most general problems of our science. the physicist has to limit himself very severely: he must content himself with describing the most simple events which can be brought within the domain of our experience. a single one has always proved itself decidedly superior to all the rest. Nobody who has really gone deeply into the matter will deny that in practice the world of phenomena uniquely determines the theoretical system. The state of mind which enables a man to do work of this kind is akin to that of the religious worshiper or the lover. But the development of physics has shown that at any given moment. Our affection for him needs no threadbare explanation. The longing to behold this pre-established harmony is the source of the inexhaustible patience and perseverance with which Planck has devoted himself. only intuition. and certainty at the cost of completeness.

I am often worried at the thought that my life is based to such a large extent on the work of my fellow human beings and I am aware of my great indebtedness to them. I never coveted affluence and luxury and even despise them a good deal. for those whom we love and for many other beings whose fate is connected with our own. I am an adherent of the ideal of democracy. my consciousness of belonging to the invisible community of those who strive for truth. Although I am a typical loner in daily life. then at least blind. The most beautiful and deepest experience a man can have is the sense of the mysterious. This awareness of the lack of freedom of will preserves me from taking too seriously myself and my fellow men as acting and deciding individuals and from losing my temper. It is the underlying principle of religion as well as all serious endeavour in art and science. My passion for social justice has often brought me into conflict with people. Social equality and economic protection of the individual appeared to me always as the important communal aims of the state. Full Transcript: Our situation on this earth seems strange. 1932 Speech delivered to the German League of Human Rights in Berlin Einstein was not moved by science alone although it was the ruling passion of his life. He who never had this experience seems to me. if not dead. Privileges based on position and property have always seemed to me unjust and pernicious. beauty. as did any exaggerated personality cult. even in the guise of mere patriotism. Einstein was a staunch pacifist. I am against any nationalism. as did my aversion to any obligation and dependence I do not regard as absolutely necessary. but he cannot will what he wills” accompany me in all situations throughout my life and reconcile me with the actions of others even if they are rather painful to me. Schopenhauer's words: “Man can do what he wants. He was also greatly concerned about basic human rights which he felt should be enjoyed by every human being on earth. and justice has preserved me from feeling isolated. To sense that behind anything that can be experienced there is a something that our mind cannot grasp and whose beauty and . He abhorred violence and war. pacifism and religion. All these motives made me into a passionate pacifist and anti-militarist. Every one of us appears here involuntarily and uninvited for a short stay. In our daily lives we only feel that man is here for the sake of others. I do not believe in freedom of the will. This speech contains some of his most famous quotes and also reflects his views on social justice. although I well know the weaknesses of the democratic form of government. I always have a high regard for the individual and have an insuperable distaste for violence and clubmanship.Albert Einstein. He even disliked the spirit of nationalism and patriotism which often led to mindless slaughter. without knowing the whys and the wherefore.

In this sense I am religious.sublimity reaches us only indirectly and as a feeble reflection. . To me it suffices to wonder at these secrets and to attempt humbly to grasp with my mind a mere image of the lofty structure of all that there is. this is religiousness.

therefore. he advocated peace and pacifism. Politics and Pacifism. which directs his material and spiritual existence from the cradle to the grave. We eat food that others have grown. Albert Einstein was a radical free thinker who took a keen interest in the affairs of the world. live in houses that others have built.Albert Einstein . Living in turbulent times which saw the world ravaged by two world wars. This book provides an insight into Einstein’s philosophy of life and his concept of metaphysics. The individual.Albert Einstein as Author The World as I see it The World as I See It is one of the most comprehensive collections of essays. Einstein’s prose is clear and flowing and reflects simplicity of thought. The individual is what he is and has the significance that he has not so much in virtue of his individuality. . Without language our mental capacities would be poor indeed. but rather as a member of a great human society. The World AS I See It. The greater part of our knowledge and beliefs has been communicated to us by other people through the medium of a language which others have created. articles and letters written by Albert Einstein. to admit that we owe our principal advantage over the beasts to the fact of living in human society. We see that our whole nature resembles that of the social animals. Germany and the Jews. It is a wonderful book written by a brilliant mind From the book: When we survey our lives and endeavors we soon observe that almost the whole of our actions and desires are bound up with the existence of other human beings. if left alone from birth would remain primitive and beast-like in his thoughts and feelings to a degree that we can hardly conceive. we have. We also see the deeply humanitarian side of the man who believed that the world would be a better place if we help each other. wear clothes that others have made. comparable to those of the higher animals. He was undoubtedly one of the greatest scientists that the world has ever produced but in this book we get a glimpse of a different side of his personality. The book can be divided into four parts.

Carl von Ossietsky. The book also visualizes his concept of a global village. This book opens a window into the life of the great man and gives us his views on as varied topics as education. he writes about various scientists and great leaders of his day like Gandhi. not easily described in words.Albert Einstein . We all are ruled in what we do by impulses. and so on. while we seek what is pleasant.Out of My Later Years As the title suggests this book covers the later years of Einstein’s life spanning from 1934-1950. We all try to escape pain and death. and lesser known figures Paul Ehrenfest. Newton. from what we experience with and within ourselves that our conscious acts spring from our desires and our fears. Langevin. From the book: We all know. Madame Curie. All such action would cease if those powerful elemental forces were to cease stirring within us. fear are some of those inner forces which rule the individual's instinct for self-preservation. “The Jews” deals with the creation of a national homeland for the Jews and Zionism. At the same time. love. and these impulses are so organized that our actions in general serve for our self-preservation and that of the race. as social beings. . Planck.Semitism. He writes with pathos. Intuition tells us that that is true also of our fellows and of the higher animals. Hunger. letters and speeches and gives us a peep into the world of a brilliant mind. are the springs of man's actions. It contains one of the best collections of essays. need for power. All these primary impulses. religious and social issues besides science. the history of his homeland Germany as it witnessed the rise of Hitler and the birth of anti. pride. we are moved in the relations with our fellow beings by such feelings as sympathy. The book has sections on 'Convictions and Beliefs' 'Science and Life' ' Public Affairs' ' Personalities' and 'His own people: The Jews" In Personalities. hate. pity. Kepler. pain.

Throughout the book there is clarity of thought and language. Though this book was published way back in 1920. This book is meant for science students as a certain amount of knowledge of Physics is essential to comprehend the book. The first part deals with Special theory of relativity. It is full of examples and contains a certain amount of mathematics though these are not difficult to comprehend. I adhered scrupulously to the precept of that brilliant theoretical physicist L. This book explains the theories of relativity which catapulted him to world fame. according to whom matters of elegance ought to be left to the tailor and to the cobbler. students of science will find it useful even today. are interested in the theory. The book is divided into three parts. without paying the slightest attention to the elegance of the presentation." Compared to other books on the same topic Einstein’s book is relatively easy to understand. to give an exact insight into the theory of Relativity to those readers who.Relativity: The special and general theory This book presents an opportunity to students of science to learn all about relativity from the twentieth century genius... but who are not conversant with the mathematical apparatus of theoretical physics. In the interest of clearness. "as far as possible. it appeared to me inevitable that I should repeat myself frequently.. from a general scientific and philosophical point of view. Boltzmann. Elucidating on the objective of the book Einstein wrote” The present book is intended. the second with general theory of relativity and the third with Considerations of the Universe as a whole." Einstein wrote in 1916. .

The most important discoveries of Physics including the quantum theory. No other scientist in the world had been more idolized and been at the receiving end of so much attention. hope for tomorrow." . but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones.. he was a great humanitarian. Besides being a brilliant scientist who won the Nobel Prize.Albert Einstein "I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought.” .. live for today. This book gives you a glimpse of the man behind the scientist. In short: you are free to distribute and modify the file as long as you attribute its author(s) or licensor(s). the rest are details” . One of the greatest scientists the world has ever produced. a philosopher who contemplated on the affairs of human beings and a pacifist in an era of world wars. Journalists noted down each word he uttered and he is also one of the most quoted men of the century gone by. This extraordinary man spurned power when he was offered the Presidentship of Israel.The figure of Albert Einstein dominates the twentieth century.Albert Einstein “I am enough of an artist to draw freely upon my imagination.Albert Einstein Brought to you by: This book is licensed under creative commons. his name has become a symbol for genius. Imagination is more important than knowledge. A simple man who did away with superfluous things and liked to greet his guests wearing an old sweater and slippers his figure dominated an age devastated by two world wars and his opinion was sought on almost every topic under the sun. Gifted with an extraordinary mind he solved the riddles of some of the deepest secrets of the universe and gave us the theory of relativity as well as the most famous equation of Physics E=MC2. . “I want to know God's thoughts. He has been declared Times’ Person of the Century. Imagination encircles the world” .Albert Einstein “Learn from yesterday. Big Bang and the making of the atom bomb have his stamp. The important thing is not to stop questioning.Albert Einstein “Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new” . Knowledge is limited.

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