Axial Load

Small Moment
Large Moment
Timber Timber and and Steel Steel Design Design
Column Base Plate
Column Base Plate
îøa îøa oø oø. .ø. ø.. .r+oa r+oa +..u..øu +..u..øu
S U R A N A R E E INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING
UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY SCHOOL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
Visit www.tumcivil.com/DRMK/ for apps:
weld
Anchor bolts
(a) (b)
Concrete
footing
Column Column Base Base Plates Plates
A
1
= u·«·».a+·.·+ ก.».¡·.«
= B x N
A
2
= u·«+»·ก. ..».!.a+ ·.·+ก
Transfer bearing to concrete footing
B
N
A
1
A
2
a A
1
= A
2
,
a A
1
·»aก. A
2
,
Allowable Bearing Pressure, Allowable Bearing Pressure, F F
p p
A
1 A
2
F
p
- ··.aa..a:ก«·«a».!··».+»·ก. .
f’
c
- ก+.»av..+a·».+»·ก..
0.35
p c
F f ′ =
2
1
0.35 0.7
p c c
A
F f f
A
′ ′ = ≤
F
p
A
2
/A
1 0
1 2 3 4
0.35f’
c
0.7f’
c
2
1
2
1
0.35
c
P
A
A f
| |
=
|

\ ¹
2
1 1
0.35
c
A P
f
A A
′ =
Minimum Minimum Thickness Thickness of of Column Column Base Base Plate Plate
P
f
p
t
B or N
1 cm
1 cm
b
f
B
d
N
m
0.95d
m
n n 0.80b
f
a..a· f
p
!.a+ ·.».¡·.« - P B × N ·
u·.a.vˈ·+·a·ก.. · +.!·a.+.«+«. ¹aa.·»:a aa··« asab
f
a+. a-·d
¹...·.aa!·a.+.«+«.
2
2 2
p
p
f n
n
M f n = =
a+.
2
2 2
p
p
f m
m
M f m = =
1 cm
t
¹.a+«··.a·».a+·.».ก.. · +.·· t +»
3 2
1
/ (1)( ) /( / 2) / 6
12
S I c t t t = = =
··.aa..aa.+ .« ก: M/S .»..+¹. .ก···.aa..aa«a».!· F
b
·.¹a .
( )
2
2
2 2
/ 2
3
/ 6
p
p
b
f m
f m
M
F
S t t
= = =
2
3
p
b
f m
t
F
=
.- ·.a a.ก· !·»ก«+«..
2
3
p
b
f n
t
F
=
.isc ก··a··.aa..aa«a».!·!·a+ ·.». F
b
- a:·F
y

2
p
y
f
t m
F
= 2
p
y
f
t n
F
= a+.
Critical Bending Dimensions Critical Bending Dimensions
B
N
b
f
d
m
0.95d
m
n n 0.80b
f
b
B
b
N
m
0.95b
m
n n 0.95b
D
B
N
m
0.80D
m
n n 0.80D
Design Design of of Column Column Base Base Plates Plates
1 cm
1 cm
b
f
B
d
N
m
0.95d
m
n n 0.80b
f
ก.»»กa::a+ ·.·+ ก·.v..·aa«« a
..»..a. N a+. B aก.+»ก··« !· m - n
«....-···..กa··..»
1
N A = + ∆
.. » A
·
- u·«·».a+·¡·.««.».ก.
∆ = 0.5(0.95d – 0.80b
f
)
..»+·.a+..a. N ¹aa+. +..ก.. B « .».ก.·.+·.a¹a·ก B - A
·
N
a.»a·+n s·· ·.»»กa::a+·.»..:!..«« a.a.·+ ก .- «·. :.« vaa×-·a d
- a +.. b
f
- a +.· a+.· ··ก ·-a . · ¡·.ก+»·ก. .«.»..:.··a :· ×:·
.... - :·a กก+.
:
.r n · u·«a+ ·.»..··a.+ กก.¡·+»·ก.. u·« A
·
·.!-+« .กก.·».
( )
2 2
2
1 ' 2
2
1 1 160
75.8 cm
0.35 250 0.35 0.210
c
P
A
A f
| |
| |
= = =
|
|
|
\ ¹
\ ¹
2
1 '
160
1, 088 cm
0.7 0.7(0.210)
c
P
A
f
= = =
a.ua»
vv·av»+«o v·»+.
0.5(0.95 0.80 ) 0.5(0.95(30) 0.80(30)) 2.25 cm
f
d b ∆ = − = − =
1
1088 2.25 35.2 cm N A = + ∆ = + = (lr ss +».:
1
1088
31.1 cm
35
A
B
N
= = = (lr sz +».:
«·+avuv¡·v··กa»vก· a.
2
160(1000)
143 kg/cm
(32)(35)
p
P
f
B N
= = =
×
a·v.avv·av»+ m «a. n .
0.95 35 0.95(30)
3.25 cm
2 2
N d
m
− −
= = =
0.80
32 0.80(30)
4.00 cm
2 2
f
B b
n


= = =
.·».·กa+ ·.».¹.+.»:++.+»·ก. .«.·.a
2
' 2 2
1
250
0.35 0.35(210) 549 kg/cm
(32)(35)
P c
A
F f
A
= = =
' 2
0.7 147 kg/cm
P c
F f = = a.ua»
f
p
F
p
ok
a·v.aa.·»uv·v»+«ov·»+·u.
143
2 2(4.0) 1.9 cm
2, 500
p
y
f
t n
F
= = =
(lr z +».:
lr«ov·uaก ri z × ×× × sz × ×× × ss +».
www.tumcivil.com/DRMK/
Base Plate 1 : Axial Load
Moment Resisting Column Base
Moment Resisting Column Base
Moment Moment- -Resisting Column Bases Resisting Column Bases
P
M
Column Fillet
Weld
Nut
Washer
Anchor bolt
P
M
Column
Angle welded or
bolted to column
in shop
Anchor bolt
P
M
Anchor bolt
Weld
2.5 cm
Bearing Pressure Bearing Pressure
B
d
N
b
f
f
p,min
f
p,max
P
M
Pressure from axial load: f
pa
= P / A
Pressure from moment: f
pb
= M / S
where A = B x N and S = B x N
2
/ 6
0
N B
M 6
N B
P
f
2
min , p
≥ − =
p
2
max , p
F
N B
M 6
N B
P
f ≤ + =
Small Moment without Uplift (Full Plate Bearing)
f
p1
f
p2
n
Base Plate Design
1 2
2 2
1 2
1 2 1
2 3 2 3
3 6
p p
p p
n n
M f n f n
f n f n
| | | |
= +
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
= +
Moments at critical sections:
|:eee-v·.era·..v·a·ก··· + r:. -v· t ra
3
2
1
(1)( )
12
/ 2 6
t
I t
S
C t
= = =
:·.·¸·v «.sc ก·-veì- F
b
= 0.75F
y
P
f
p
M
n
b
f
B
d
N
m
m
n n
0.80b
f
0.95d
n/3 n/3
2 2
1 2
Another direction,
3 6
p p
f m f m
M = +
2
6
b
M M
F
S t
= =
2
6 6 8
0.75
y
b y
M M M
F t
F F t
= → = =
aa+ìuaov.naกrv+ø uo · eo zr.(na+++กก+.aa+na+ao.+,
o.aa++n i··s aaก.uu..v·a·ì..e·.·vr·v|:.:v..na·a··u.e· v·a···- r ·:
v·-vก.·:.v·.กv ··a .v .e:|:.:v.ee ·· .v.:.· ìr.-eก .- .e: F
b
-
a:·:.·aa· - ·.s:· กก..r:.
:
ravก·.¸·v··ก:r· :·a กก..r:.
:
.e: F
p
- a·:·a·
- :· กก..r:.
:
.e n+ W350x159 (d = 35.6 r:.. t
w
= 14 ::.. b
f
= 35.2 r:.. t
f
= 22 ::.)
·:·:.·a·rv· e = M /P = 15(100)/150 = 10 r:.
.··enta·n··ìvuʾก.e· n····:.eì-a·ìvr·· +.. กe··ra·..v.-eก
2
p
N B
M 6
N B
P
f ± =
2
5 3
80 50
10 15 6
80 50
10 150
×
× ×
±
×
×
=
13 . 28 5 . 37 ± =
¦
¹
¦
´
¦
=
2
2
kg/cm 9.37
kg/cm 63 . 65 < F
b
= 73.5 kg/cm
2
OK
> 0 OK
9.37
65.63
80 cm
33.4 cm
23.3 cm
23.3 cm
49.27
ìuaov.naก ..u · uo · eo zr.
o.+rnv+ra+aov.naกnoa+ก+.
8 8(16,237)
7.21 cm
2,500
y
M
t
F
= = =
îr.rvoøøìva.vav:
2 2
49.27(23.3) 65.63(23.23)
16,237 kg-cm
6 3
+ =
Max Moment without Uplift Max Moment without Uplift
0
f
p,max
P
M
N
P
e
N/3
0
N B
M 6
N B
P
f
2
min , p
= − =
6
N P
M =
= e P
6
N
e =
Criteria for full plate bearing:
6
N
e
6
N
≤ ≤ −
Load P within middle third of plate length N
|
|
¹
|

\
|
− ′ = +
3
N
N
2
B N F
M N P
p p p
T
2
B N F
P T
p p
= +
Large Moment with Uplift Large Moment with Uplift
B
d
N
b
f
T
F
p
P
M
b
edge
N’
N
p
N
T
2
N
e
6
N
≤ ≤ Eccentricity limit:
[ ΣF
y
= 0 ]
[ ΣM
T
= 0 ]
where T = Tensile force in anchor rod
N
T
= Distance between anchor rod
and column center
N
p
= Bearing Length ( < N )
N’ = Distance between anchor rod
and plate edge
|
|
¹
|

\
|
− ′ = +
3
N
N
2
B N F
M N P
p p p
T
[ ΣM
T
= 0 ] From
Solve quadratic function to determine the bearing length N
p
:
where f’ = F
p
B N’ / 2
3 / B F
) M N P ( ) 6 / B F ( 4 f f
N
p
T p
2
p
+ − ′ ± ′
=
Tensile force in anchor rod:
P
2
B N F
T
p p
− =
o.aa++n i··: r·.·a···r ··- r·|e·ìr.e· W350x159 .v.e: ·uv·-vก P = 50
.v .e:|:.:v.ee M = 10 .v.:.· ¸·vravก·.:rv·e.r·..v.-eก f’
c
= 240 ksc
.e n+ W350x159 (d = 35.6 r:.. t
w
= 14 ::.. b
f
= 35.2 r:.. t
f
= 22 ::.)
B
d
N
b
f
b
edge
ea·.e aกrv·e..v.-e ก.·กrv·e.e·u·ก·:·:
raue:a·e
N > d + 2 x 8 = 35.6 + 16 = 51.6 cm
B > b
f
+ 2 x 8 = 35.2 + 16 = 51.2 cm
ea·..v.-eก N = 52 cm, B = 52 cm
·:·:.·a·rv· e = M/P = 10x100/50 = 20 cm
N/6 = 8.67 cm < e = 20 < N/2 = 26 cm
∴ ∴∴ ∴ îr.rvor+ก+vn+ìn.ก øa.+ø+ìvaraaø
T
F
p
P
M
N’
N
p
N
T
u++.a+o.+ra+.auกn+v:
f’ = F
p
B N’ / 2
= 84 x 52 x 48 / 2
= 104832 kg
N
p
= 24.0 cm
F
p
= 0.35 x 240 = 84 kg/cm
2
3 / B F
) M N P ( ) 6 / B F ( 4 f f
N
p
T p
2
p
+ − ′ ± ′
=
u++.a+a.+ø +ìvaraaø:
T = 84 x 24.0 x 52 / 2 – 50x10
3
= 2416 kg
T
rod
= T/2 = 1208 kg
u++.a+o.+rnv+aov.naก:
·:·:·v m = (N – 0.95d)/2
= (52 – 0.95x35.6)/2
m = 9.1 cm
T
f
p
= 84 ksc
P
M
24.0
m = 9.1 cm
f
pm
f
pm
= 84 x (24.0 – 9.1) / 24.0 = 52.2 ksc
P
2
B N F
T
p p
− =
cm 1 . 3
2500
3039 8
t =
×
=
3
1 . 9 84
6
1 . 9 2 . 52
M
2 2
pl
×
+
×
=
84
m = 9.1 cm
52.2
îr.rvoøøìvaov.naก:
ìuaov.naก »c c.+ · ua · ua zr.
= 3039 kg-cm
Alternative Shorter Method Alternative Shorter Method
B
d
N
b
f
T
F
p
P
M
b
edge
N’
N
p
N
T
2
B N F
R P T
p p
= = + [ ΣF
y
= 0 ]
·ta· ··· ··ìvก··r·v·er··:···.uกr·v|e·e::.
ì-rv·e··.··evì.¸·v.··กuuʾก·u.··ae
N
p
/3
R
where T = Tensile force in anchor rod
N
T
= Distance between anchor rod
and column center
N
p
= Bearing Length ( < N )
N’ = Distance between anchor rod
and plate edge
R = Resultant force from bearing pressure
[ ΣM
T
= 0 ]
|
|
¹
|

\
|
− ′ = +
3
N
N R M PN
p
T
o.aa++n i··: r·.·a···r ··- r·|e·ìr.e· W350x159 .v.e: ·uv·-vก P = 50
.v .e:|:.:v.ee M = 10 .v.:.· ¸·vravก·.:rv·e.r·..v.-eก f’
c
= 240 ksc
.e n+ W350x159 (d = 35.6 r:.. t
w
= 14 ::.. b
f
= 35.2 r:.. t
f
= 22 ::.)
B
d
N
b
f
b
edge
ea·..v.-eก N = 52 cm, B = 52 cm
N/6 = 8.67 cm < e = 20 < N/2 = 26 cm
r··:···.uกr·v N
p
= 3 (52 – 35.6 + 2.2) / 2
= 27.9 cm
T = 84 x 27.9 x 52 / 2 – 50x10
3
= 10934 kg
T
rod
= T/2 = 5467 kg
u++.a+a.+ø +ìvaraaø: P
2
B N F
T
p p
− =
u++.a+o.+rnv+aov.naก:
·:·:·v m = (N – 0.95d)/2
= (52 – 0.95x35.6)/2
m = 9.1 cm
T
f
p
= 84 ksc
P
M
27.9
m = 9.1 cm
f
pm
f
pm
= 84 (27.9 – 9.1) / 27.9
= 56.6 ksc
84
m = 9.1 cm
56.6
îr.rvoøøìvaov.naก:
ìuaov.naก PL 3.2 x 52 x 52 zr.
= 3100 kg-cm
3
1 . 9 84
6
1 . 9 6 . 56
M
2 2
pl
×
+
×
=
cm 2 . 3
2500
3100 8
t =
×
=
Bi Bi- -Axial Bending Base Plate Axial Bending Base Plate
B
d
N
b
f
Small moment: e < N/6 ?
M
y
M
x
f
p,min
f
p,max
0
N B
M 6
BN
M 6
BN
P
f
2
x
2
y
min , p
≥ − − =
p
2
x
2
y
max , p
F
N B
M 6
BN
M 6
BN
P
f ≤ + + =
B
d
N
b
f
f
p,max
f
pm
I
x
= NB
3
/12, I
y
= BN
3
/12
x
f x
y
y
pm
) 2 / b 80 . 0 ( M
) 2 / d 95 . 0 ( M
BN
P
f
Ι Ι
+ + =
x
f
pm
f
p,max
x
3
x f
6
x f
M
2
max , p
2
pm
pl
+ =
y
F
M 8
t =
Bi Bi- -Axial Bending Base Plate Axial Bending Base Plate
Large moment :
B
d
N
b
f
M
y
M
x
B
d
N
b
f
M

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