structural calculations

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structural calculations

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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or end plate as well as anchor bolts, should be designed so as to resist tension, shear, and bending experienced by the support itself. This program is created to check adequacy of a given base plate details based on the calculated reactions to the base or end plate. (Note: Input required on all green boxes)

1. PARAMETERS:

1

2 3 4 5 6

10

1. Select Anchor Bolt 2. Input base plate dimension B 3. Input base plate dimension D 4. Input base plate dimension C 5. Input base plate thickness 6. Input no. of bolts at tension side 7. Input bolt hole diameter 8. Select Member Size (Structural Steel Shapes) 9. Input base plate loads (reactions) 10. Input allowable stresses for plate and bolting materials Ft=Allowable stress in tension for anchor bolt Fv=allowable stress in shear for anchor bolt f'c=allowable compressive stress of concrete (default is 20.8 Mpa) Fb=allowable bending stress of plate (Fb=Fy/1.5 where Fy=Yield Stress)

11

11

11. Obtain value of Xn/d from the graph below. Use values of x/d and P to obtain this value.

Stress calculations are done automatically. For Bending Stress check of the base plate, whenever allowable bending stress is not satisfied, program calculates "recommended thicknesss" of the plate.

Rev 0 1

Parameters: B, D: C: t: Nb: do: Ab: dt: d: u: g: R: base plate dimensions center to center distance between outer bolt holes Q base plate thickness no. of holes at tension side effective outside diameter of anchor bolts area of bolt distance of outer bolt hole to the edge of the plate effective depth of the plate distance from the flange face of dt the column to the edge of the plate distance from the flange face of the column to the outer bolt hole C bolt hole diameter

N

Mx u g t

B=D Allowable Stress: Fb = 157 Mpa (Allowable bending stress of the plate, Fb = Fy/1.5) Ft = 120 Mpa (Allowable tension stress of anchor bolt) Fv = 70 Mpa (Allowable Shear Stress of Anchor bolt) Fy = 235 Mpa (Yield Strength of JIS SS 400)

Effective Anchor Bolt Diameter (db): Anchor db Bolt (mm) M16 14.701 M20 18.376 M22 20.376 M24 22.051 M27 25.051 Strength of Expansion Anchor Bolt(1): (2) Anchor Size Allow Load (KN) Bolt (in) Tension Shear M16 5/8 26.7 41.2 M20 3/4 38.9 60 M22 7/8 43 79.8 M24 1 39.7 117.5 M27 1 1/4 95.5 181.6

1

The values listed above are ultimate load capacities in kiloNewtons for carbon steel and stainless

steel power stud which should be reduced by a minimum safety factor of 4 to determine the allowable working load. 2 Strength of concrete is f'c = 2000psi

Design Procedure Calculate e (load eccentricity): e = Mx/N If e > D/6 + dt/3, tension governs on base plate Calculate x/d ratio: x/d = (e - 0.5D)/(D-dt) Calculate P: P = (Ab x Nb)/(BXd) Given the values of x/d and P, obtain value of Xn/d from the graph below:

Calculate Xn: Xn = (Xn/d) x d Anchor Bolt Check: 1. Check at tension: ft Ft, Ft = 120 Mpa ft = T/Ab T = Z/Nb When Expansion Anchor Bolt is required: 1. Check at tension, T Tallow 2. Check at shear, Q Qallow Note: Refer to allowable loads of Expansion Anchor Bolts above.

Z = N*(e-0.5D+xn/3) / (D-dt-xn/3)

2. Check at Shear: fv Fv, Fv = 70 Mpa fv = Q/Ab 3. Check at Combined Tension and Shear: 1.4fto - 1.6fv = fts; fts fto note: fto = Ft therefore, fts = 1.4Ft - 1.6fv Ft

u

Xn g

R+2g

Check Compressive Strength: c f'c, f'c = 20.8 Mpa (to be decided by Civil) c=*N*(e+0.5D-dt) / {D*xn*(D-dt-xn/3)} Check Bending Stress: fb Fb, Fb = 157 Mpa 2 fb = 3c(u/t) [1-(u/3Xn)] ; if fb > Fb, calculate required thickness, treq treq = u * { 3*c / fb * (1 u/(3xn))}0.5 Check Bending Stress due to Anchor Bolt Tensile Force fb Fb, Fb = 157 Mpa fb M=Txg Z=1/6x(R + 2g) x t2

Rev

M16 ANCHOR BOLT 5/8 ANCHOR BOLT SIZE (in)

MEMBER: u

A6 Ft= Fv= f'c= Fb= 120 70 20.8 157 Mpa Mpa Mpa Mpa allowable allowable allowable allowable stress for tension on bolt stress for shear on bolt compressive stress of concrete at 28 days bending stress on plate

1. INPUT: PARAMETERS: B= 260 D= 260 C= 180 t= 12 Nb= 2 do= 14.701 Ab= 169.74 dt= 40 d= 220 u= 97.5 G= 57.5 R= 19

N

mm mm mm mm pcs mm mm2 mm mm mm mm mm

Q Z

R G

t x dt C

d B

Check tension at bolt: Check shear at bolt: Check tension at expansion bolt: Check shear at expansion bolt: Check compressive strength of concrete: Check Bending Stress:

OK OK NG OK OK NG OK

eccentricity e=Mx/N=748.805 mm if e>(D/6)+(dt/3), base plate is under tension. (D/6)+(dt/3)= 56.666667 (plate is under tension) Calculation for Xn: x = e-0.5D = 618.805 mm x/d = 2.8 obtain value of Xn/d ratio from Graph. P=(Ab x Nb)/(B x d)= 0.006 Xn/d = 0.350 , therefore Xn = 77.0 2. BOLT/EXPANSION BOLT CHECK Check tension at bolt: ftb 44.1 Mpa 92.9 Mpa T = Z/Nb = 7483.2727 N Z = N*(e-0.5D+xn/3) / (D-dt-xn/3) = 14,966.5 N Check shear at bolt: fv= Q / Ab = 3.2 Mpa

Judge OK

OK

Combined Stresses (Tension and Shear): fts = 1.4fto - 1.6t = 92.9 Mpa fts fto fto = Ft Check tension at expansion bolt (if required): M16 T= 7,483.3 N Check shear at expansion bolt (if required): M16 Q= 539.5 N 3. BASE PLATE CHECK Check compressive strength of concrete: c = *N*(e+0.5D-dt) / {D*xn*(D-dt-xn/3)} c= 1.95 Mpa Check Bending Stress: fb = 3c(u/t)2[1-(u/3Xn)] fb= 222.7 Mpa

OK

6,675.0 N

NG

10,300.0 N

OK

20.8 Mpa

OK

Check Bending Stress due to anchor bolt tensile force: fb 133.8 Mpa M=TxG= 430,288.2 N.mm 3 Z=1/6x(R + 2G)xt2= 3,216.0 mm

M22 ANCHOR BOLT 7/8 ANCHOR BOLT SIZE (in)

MEMBER: u

16 t= fv= f'c= fb= 120 70 20.8 157 Mpa Mpa Mpa Mpa allowable allowable allowable allowable stress for tension on bolt stress for shear on bolt compressive stress of concrete at 28 days bending stress on plate

1. INPUT: PARAMETERS: B= 500 D= 500 C= 440 t= 19 Nb= 2 do= 20.376 Ab= 326.08 dt= 30 d= 470 u= 46.8 G= 16.8 R= 26

mm mm mm mm pcs mm mm2 mm mm mm mm mm

N Q Z

R G

t x dt C

d B

Check tension at bolt: Check shear at bolt: Check tension at expansion bolt: Check shear at expansion bolt: Check compressive strength of concrete: Check Bending Stress:

OK OK NG OK OK OK OK

eccentricity e=Mx/N=750.000 mm if e>(D/6)+(dt/3), base plate is under tension. (D/6)+(dt/3)= 93.333333 (plate is under tension) Calculation for Xn: x = e-0.5D = 500.000 mm x/d = 1.1 obtain value of Xn/d ratio from Graph. P=(Ab x Nb)/(B x d)= 0.003 Xn/d = 0.320 , therefore Xn = 150.4 2. BOLT/EXPANSION BOLT CHECK Check tension at bolt: ftb 82.7 Mpa 82.9 Mpa T = Z/Nb = 26958.542 N Z = N*(e-0.5D+xn/3) / (D-dt-xn/3) = 53,917.1 N Check shear at bolt: fv= Q / Ab = 9.5 Mpa

Judge OK

OK

Combined Stresses (Tension and Shear): fts = 1.4fto - 1.6t = 82.9 Mpa fts fto fto = Ft Check tension at expansion bolt (if required): M22 T= 26,958.5 N Check shear at expansion bolt (if required): M22 Q= 3,086.3 N 3. BASE PLATE CHECK Check compressive strength of concrete: c = *N*(e+0.5D-dt) / {D*xn*(D-dt-xn/3)} c= 2.53 Mpa Check Bending Stress: fb = 3c(u/t)2[1-(u/3Xn)] fb=

OK

10,750.0 N

NG

19,950.0 N

OK

20.8 Mpa

OK

41.2 Mpa

157 Mpa

OK

Check Bending Stress due to anchor bolt tensile force: fb 126.3 Mpa M=TxG= 452,903.5 N.mm 3 Z=1/6x(R + 2G)xt2= 3,585.9 mm

157 Mpa

OK

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