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Span Deflection

# Span Deflection

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Span Deflection Of a beam
Span Deflection Of a beam

Published by: Ayez Sassin on Feb 07, 2013

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# BFC 2091 Structure Lab – Span Deflection (Double Integration Method

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TITLE : SPAN DEFLECTION (DOUBLE INTEGRATION METHOD) _______________________________________________________________________ _ 1.0 OBJECTIVE To determine the relationship between span and deflection. 2.0 INTRODUCTION A beam must posses sufficient stiffness so that excessive deflections do not have an adverse effect on adjacent structural members. In many cases, maximum allowable deflections are specified by Codes of Practice in terms of the dimensions of the beam, particularly the span. The actual deflections of a beam must be limited to the elastic range of the beam, otherwise permanent distortion results. Thus in determining the deflections of beam under load, elastic theory is used. 3.0 THEORY

X L/2 - x A

P x/ 2

C B

X L/2 L/2

Beam with point load at mid span

Wong Siew Hung AF040176

y = 0 .x = EIy = When x = 0 .x = EI d 2 y P L  PL Px =  − x = − 2 2 2 4 2 dx  dy PLx Px 2 = − +A dx 4 4 PLx 2 Px 3 − + Ax + B 8 12 Vx . y mak = − x = L/2 v mak = PL 3 (mind span .BFC 2091 Structure Lab – Span Deflection (Double Integration Method) M x .2 4.x = EI Yx . dy = 0∴A = 0 dx ∴0 = PL 3 48 PL 3 PL 3 − +B 32 96 When x = L/2 .1 4. c) 48 EI PL 2 (at support) 16 EI where E can be obtained from the backboard I= bd 3 12 b d 4. Brass or Steel) Digital Dial Test Indicator Hanger and Masses Wong Siew Hung AF040176 . B =− When x = 0 .0 APPARATUS 4.3 Specimen beam (your group may choose one of the following material : Aluminiun.

0 PROCEDURE 5.72 x 105 1.66 x 10-5 .0.0. Zeroed the digital reading. Place the hanger and the digital dial test indicator at mid span.962 2.0.93 x 10-4 .15 x 10-5 .3 5. 1 2 3 Mass* (N) 0.45 x 105 1. 1 2 3 Mass* (N) 0.0.15 . 6. Place the chosen beam on the support.72 x 105 Experiment 3 : Span = 200 mm No.0.45 x 105 Experiment 2 : Span = 300 mm No.72 x 105 1.14 .42 Theoretical Def.943 Deflection (Experimental) . Apply an incremental load and record the deflection for each increment in the table below.07 .1.55 x 105 1.2 5.4 5. (ymax) .981 1.21 Theoretical Def. Mass* (N) Deflection Theoretical % Difference Wong Siew Hung AF040176 .90 x 10-4 % Difference 1.0 RESULT Experiment 1 : Span = 400 mm No.0.2.8. (ymax) .07 x 10-5 .943 Deflection (Experimental) .28 . Repeat the above using span of 300 mm and 200 mm.1.9.22 x 10-4 % Difference 1.1 5.4.962 2.BFC 2091 Structure Lab – Span Deflection (Double Integration Method) 5.981 1.5 Positioned the moveable knife-edge supports so that they are 400 mm apart.

21 x 10-5 .45 x 10-3 Mass* (N) 2.01 x 105 1. 3).0.13 x 10-3 19.42 x 10-5 . Esteel = 207 x 109 Nm-2 Width.981 1. (ymax) .11 x 10-3 m Thick.BFC 2091 Structure Lab – Span Deflection (Double Integration Method) 1 2 3 • 0. Reading 1 2 3 Average Width / b (m) 19. I = bd 3 12 Wong Siew Hung AF040176 . No.943 (Experimental) .45 x 105 7.2.62 x 10-5 2.54 x 10-3 3.93 x 105 Used any mass between 10 to 500 g For Extra Calculation/Experiment with 400 mm span and x=L/3 (400 (from experiment 1.33 x 10-3 3.1.48 x 10-3 3.3.0.19 x 10-3 19.11 x 10-3 Thick / d (m) 3. 3 Given.05 .45 x 10-3 m From Equation.48 x 105 2. d = 3. (ymax) .2. the hanger and the digital dial test indicator is place at the L/3 (400mm / 3) of the span. b = 19.0.0.0 DATA ANALYSIS / CALCULATION Given.962 2.00 x 10-3 19.90 x 10-4 % Difference 1.41 Theoretical Def.03 . Esteel = 207 GNm-2 = 207 x 109 Nm-2 Width and Thick of the Span . no.07 Def.943 Deflection (Experimental) .

981 )( 0.00345 ) 3 12 = 6.962 )( 0. N = 2. N = 0.4) 3 48 (207 x10 9 )( 6. N = 1.BFC 2091 Structure Lab – Span Deflection (Double Integration Method) = (0. N = 0.4) 3 48 (207 x10 9 )( 6.01911 )( 0.93 x 10-4 m When.943 )( 0.90 x 10-4 m For Experiment 2 : Span = 300 mm When.54 x10 −11 ) = – 1.981 )( 0.981 N y mak = − PL 3 48 EI =− (0.943 N y mak = − PL 3 48 EI =− ( 2.66 x 10-5 m When.981 N y mak = − PL 3 48 EI =− (0.54 x10 −11 ) Wong Siew Hung AF040176 .54 x10 −11 ) = – 2.3) 3 48 (207 x10 9 )( 6.54 x 10-11 m4 For Experiment 1 : Span = 400 mm When.4) 3 48 (207 x10 9 )( 6.54 x10 −11 ) = – 9.962 N y mak = − PL 3 48 EI =− (1.

54 x10 −11 ) = – 8.07 x 10-5 m When. N = 1.3) 3 48 (207 x10 9 )( 6.54 x10 −11 ) = – 1.962 N y mak = − PL 3 48 EI =− (1.22 x 10-4 m For Experiment 3 : Span = 200 mm When.962 )( 0.943 N y mak = − PL 3 48 EI =− ( 2.981 )( 0.2) 3 48 (207 x10 9 )( 6.21 x 10-5 m Wong Siew Hung AF040176 .15 x 10-5 m When.943 )( 0. N = 2. N = 0.3) 3 48 (207 x10 9 )( 6.BFC 2091 Structure Lab – Span Deflection (Double Integration Method) = – 4.981 N PL 3 48 EI y mak = − =− (0.54 x10 −11 ) = – 1.

2) 3 48 (207 x10 9 )( 6.962 N y mak = − PL 3 48 EI =− (1. N = 1. N = 0.42 x 10-5 m When.962 )( 0.55 x 105 % When.54 x10 −11 ) = – 2.981 N % Difference = {– 0.962 N Wong Siew Hung AF040176 .62 x 10-5 m Percentage of Differences Between the Experimental Deflection and Theoretical Deflection For Experiment 1 : Span = 400 mm When.2) 3 48 (207 x10 9 )( 6.15 – (– 9.943 N y mak = − PL 3 48 EI =− ( 2.66 x 10-5 )}÷ (– 9. N = 2.BFC 2091 Structure Lab – Span Deflection (Double Integration Method) When.66 x 10-5) x 100 = 1.943 )( 0. N = 1.54 x10 −11 ) = – 3.

07 – (– 4.48 x 105 % When. N = 0.07 x 10-5)}÷ (– 4. N = 2.28 – (– 1.21 x 10-5) x 100 = 2.42 – (– 2.01 x 105 % Wong Siew Hung AF040176 .72 x 105 % When.22 x 10-4) x 100 = 1.42 x 10-5) x 100 = 2.962 N % Difference = {– 0. N = 1.72 x 105 % For Experiment 3 : Span = 200 mm When. N = 0.981 N % Difference = {– 0.45 x 105 % When.45 x 105 % For Experiment 2 : Span = 300 mm When.90 x 10-4) x 100 = 1.962 N % Difference = {– 0. N = 2.93 x 10-4)}÷ (– 1.03 – (– 1.22 x 10-4)}÷ (– 1.93 x 10-4) x 100 = 1.42 x 10-5)}÷ (– 2.07 x 10-5) x 100 = 1.21 – (– 1.943 N % Difference = {– 0.BFC 2091 Structure Lab – Span Deflection (Double Integration Method) % Difference = {– 0.15 x 10-5) x 100 = 1.15 x 10-5)}÷ (– 8.14 – (– 8.90 x 10-4)}÷ (– 2.21 x 10-5)}÷ (– 1.05 – (– 2.72 x 105 % When. N = 1.943 N % Difference = {– 0.981 N % Difference = {– 0.