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Pipe Fitters Handbook

Pipe Fitters Handbook

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Published by Behrouz Safarizal
This handbook includes a complete instruction, guidance for installation and fitting different types of piping systems. In addition it is a very practical data bank for piping component.
This handbook includes a complete instruction, guidance for installation and fitting different types of piping systems. In addition it is a very practical data bank for piping component.

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Published by: Behrouz Safarizal on Feb 07, 2013
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Sections

  • Gruvlok Gasket Grade Index GRUVLOK
  • Gruvlok Gasket Recommendation List & Vacuum Service
  • Gruvlok Lubricants
  • Specified Bolt Torque
  • Pipe Preparation
  • GRUVLOK CTS COPPER SYSTEM – ROLL GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS
  • STANDARD WEIGHT PIPE DATA
  • COMMERCIAL PIPE SIZES AND WALL THICKNESSES
  • Commercial Pipe Sizes and Wall Thicknesses
  • ASTM CARBON STEEL PIPE AND FLANGE SPECIFICATIONS
  • ASTM Carbon Steel Pipe and Flange Specifications
  • WEIGHT PER FOOT OF SEAMLESS BRASS AND COPPER PIPE
  • Weld Fittings –– Welding Neck Flanges
  • SLIP-ON, THREADED AND SOCKET FLANGES
  • LAP JOINT FLANGES
  • BLIND FLANGES
  • STANDARD CAST IRON COMPANION FLANGES AND BOLTS
  • EXTRA HEAVY CAST IRON COMPANION FLANGES AND BOLTS
  • BOLT DIMENSIONS FOR 150 TO 300 LB. STEEL FLANGE
  • BOLT DIMENSIONS FOR 400 AND 600 LB. STEEL FLANGE
  • BOLT TEMPLATE FOR DRILLING FLANGED FITTINGS
  • BOLT TEMPLATE FOR DRILLING EXTRA HEAVY FLANGED FITTINGS
  • Coated Arc Welding Electrodes – Types & Styles
  • Physical Properties of E60 & E70 Series Electrodes
  • Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols
  • Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols Notes
  • DECIMAL EQUIVALENTS OF FRACTIONS
  • MINUTES CONVERTED TO DECIMALS OF A DEGREE
  • STANDARD CONVERSIONS
  • UNIT CONVERSION
  • PIPE NIPPLE THREAD ENGAGEMENT
  • National Pipe Thread Standards
  • NATIONAL PIPE THREAD STANDARDS
  • FORGED STEEL FITTINGS PRESSURE RATINGS
  • A Typical Pipe Hanger Specification
  • PVC Pipe Support Spacing
  • PVC PIPE SUPPORT SPACING
  • CPVC Pipe Support Spacing
  • CPVC PIPE SUPPORT SPACING
  • Alignment of Pipe
  • DRILL SIZES FOR NPT PIPE TAPS
  • TAP AND DRILL SIZES*
  • Symbols for Pipe Fittings
  • Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations

Pipe Fitters Handbook

April 2012
For the most current product/pricing information on Anvil products, please visit our website at www.anvilintl.com.

PIPE FITTINGS
HISTORY For over 150 years, Anvil has been a trusted name in piping solutions by consistently providing quality products, service, and support to the PVF industry. Our ability to provide cost-efficient piping packages that are tailored to individual markets is unmatched in the industry. From plumbing, mechanical, and fire protection, to mining, oil and gas, our innovative responses are designed to meet your specific demands. PRODUCTS Our manufacturing facilities produce an unrivaled package of piping products, while setting a world-wide industry standard for quality and dependability. Our ISO certified facilities use recycled materials in the manufacturing of our product as well as being a proud member of the USGBC. DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL The wholesaler has always been the key to Anvil’s business. Our dedication to the wholesale trade is the driving force for our services and these relationships remain a primary focus of Anvil’s innovation. Our value-added services including a proprietary suite of inventory management tools signifies a strong commitment to our customers needs. CUSTOMER SERVICE Having major distribution centers located throughout North America, you can count on getting the product you need - when you need it. Customer satisfaction has always been Anvil’s #1 objective. Our experienced Sales and Customer Service Teams are knowledgeable and eager to serve our customers, validating our company’s motto “Building Connections that Last."

TABLE OF CONTENTS GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY
Fig. 7000 & 7001 Couplings .......................................................................................................................5 Fig. 7400 & 7401 Couplings ........................................................................................................................6 Fig. 7001-2 & 7401-2 Couplings - 2 Piece Large Dia. Standard Groove Couplings ........7 Fig. 7011 Standard Coupling..................................................................................................................8-9 Fig. 7400 Rigidlite® Couplings - Advanced Copper Method.................................................10 Fig. 6400 Rigid Coupling - CTS Copper System ........................................................................... 11 Fig. 7010 Reducing Coupling .................................................................................................................. 12 Fig. 7012 Flange .........................................................................................................................................13-15 Fig. 7045 & 7046 Clamp-T® Branch Outlets ....................................................................................16 Fig. 7305 HDPE Coupling .......................................................................................................................... 17 Fig. 7307 HDPE Transition Coupling ...................................................................................................18 Fig. 7004 High Pressure Coupling ........................................................................................................19 Fig. 7004 High Pressure Coupling with End Guard® Gasket..................................................20 Sock-It® Fittings ............................................................................................................................................. 21
Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Data Installation Contents

GRUVLOK TECHNICAL DATA
Gruvlok Gasket Grade Index .................................................................................................................23 Gruvlok Gasket Recommendation List & Vacuum Service .................................................. 24 Gruvlok Lubricants .............................................................................................................................. 25-26 Specified Bolt Torque ...............................................................................................................................26 Pipe Preparation.................................................................................................................................... 27-29 Gruvlok Standard Roll Groove Specifications ...................................................................... 30-31 Gruvlok Cut Groove Specifications ............................................................................................ 32-33 Gruvlok Cut Groove End Guard Specifications...........................................................................34 Gruvlok Roll Groove End Guard Specifications ..........................................................................35 Gruvlok Advanced Copper Method (IPS) - Copper Prep Specifications ................36-37 Gruvlok CTS Copper System - Roll Groove Specifications ................................................. 38 Gruvlok Couplings - Design Factors ................................................................................................. 39 Gruvlok Couplings - Movement Applications ......................................................................40-41 Gruvlok Couplings - Deflection from Centerline...................................................................... 42 Gruvlok Couplings - Range of Pipe End Separation ..................................................................43 Gruvlok Fittings Flow Data - Frictional Resistance...................................................................44 Gruvlok Fittings for Grooved End Pipe ....................................................................................45-46

PIPE AND FLANGE DATA
Standard Weight Pipe Data ....................................................................................................................47 Barlow's Formula...........................................................................................................................................47 Commercial Pipe Sizes and Wall Thicknesses ......................................................................48-49 Steel Pipe Data - Schedule 40 & 80 ..................................................................................................50 Copper Tube Data - Type L & K............................................................................................................ 51 ASTM Carbon Steel Pipe and Flange Specifications ..........................................................52-53 Pipe and Water per Line Foot .............................................................................................................. 54 Weight per Foot of Seamless Brass and Copper Pipe............................................................. 54

WELD FITTING AND STEEL FLANGE DIMENSIONAL DATA
Weld Fittings - 90˚ Elbow, 45˚ Elbow, Tee & Conc. Reducer ................................................55 Weld Fittings - Welding Neck Flanges ............................................................................................ 56 Slip-on, Threaded & Socket Flanges ................................................................................................. 56 Lap Joint Flanges...........................................................................................................................................57 Blind Flanges ...................................................................................................................................................57
APFH-4.12

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

3

......................................84 Pipe Hanger Pictorial ................................ 78 Beam Dimensions ............................60 Bolt Template for Drilling Flanged Fittings ...... 63 Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols ...................................................... 59 Bolt Dimensions for 400 to 600 LB.................................................... 77 Current API Thread Standards for Oil Country Fittings .................73 National Pipe Thread Standards .......................................... 78 Beam Dimensions .................................................................................................................................66 Standard Conversions.......... 58 Extra Heavy Cast Iron Companion Flanges and Bolts ....................................................... 83 CPVC Pipe Support Spacing ...................................................................................... 67 Unit Conversions...........................99-104 4 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-4...........................................................................................................................................68 DROP NIPPLE AND TEE-LET INSTALLATION Installation and Assembly ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 HANGER SPACING AND HANGER PRODUCT A Typical Pipe Hanger Specification ..................................................................................................................... 77 BEAM DIMENSIONS Beam Dimensions .............................................................................Installation and Pressure Ratings .....................................................76 Forged Steel Fittings ..................................... 93 Symbols for Pipe Fittings ..................................................................................................... 92-93 Tap and Drill Sizes............................................................................................................................................................................................................ Steel Flange .................American Standard Channels................Types & Styles .......................................................................12 ....................................................... 65 CONVERSIONS Minutes Converted to Decimals of a Degree...................................................................64 Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols Notes ........................74-75 FORGED STEEL AND OIL COUNTRY FITTING DATA Forged Steel Anvilets .............................................................................................................................................................................................................66 Decimal Equivalents of Fractions ..............Merit® Eliminator Adjustable Drop Nipple................................................................................ 93 Drill Sizes for NPT Pipe Taps ............................................69 Installation and Assembly ....................................................................................................94-98 Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations ........................................................................................................................73 Pipe Nipple Thread Engagement .......................................................................... 62 GENERAL WELDING INFORMATION Coated Arc Welding Electrodes ..................61 Bolt Template for Drilling Extra Heavy Flanged Fittings .......................................................................................Pressure Ratings..............................................................Merit® Weld Miser™ Tee-Let.....................................W Shapes ..................................General Assembly of Threaded Fittings.......................................................................................................................................................................................................85-91 GENERAL INFORMATION Alignment of Pipe .............................................TABLE OF CONTENTS BOLT TEMPLATES Standard Cast Iron Companion Flanges and Bolts ....................S Shapes...................................................... 63 Physical Properties of E60 & E70 Series Electrodes ...........81-82 PVC Pipe Support Spacing ............................................................... 58 Bolt Dimensions for 150 to 300 LB......... Steel Flange .............. 70-72 PIPE THREAD STANDARDS AND INFORMATION Installation and Assembly .............................................80 Gruvlok Pipe Support ..........................................

Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. battery strength and operational variations. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. On couplings 10" and larger it may be easier to turn the gasket inside out then lubricate and slide the gasket over the pipe end as shown.1. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the pipe end making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the pipe end. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves and the bolt pads are in firm even metalto-metal contact on both sides of the coupling. 3. Tighten Nuts Tighten the nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. On couplings 10" and larger.12 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 5 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service.* The housing bolt pads must make metalto-metal contact. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figures 7000 & 7001 Couplings . 2. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. Alignment After aligning the two pipe ends. flip or roll the gasket into centered position. Gasket should not extend into the groove on either pipe. lower bend load capabilities. pull the gasket into position centering it between the grooves on each pipe. 6. 5. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Housings Place the coupling housing halves over the gasket making sure the housing keys engage the grooves. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table APFH-4. 4. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Insert bolts and turn nuts finger tight. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury.

Gasket should not extend into the groove on either pipe. Housings Remove one nut and bolt and loosen the other nut. Alignment After aligning the two pipe ends. making sure the housing keys fit into the pipe grooves. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. APFH-4. NOTE: Sizes 16" and larger are cast in multiple segments. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque*. keeping the gaps at the bolt pads evenly spaced. making sure the tongue and recess of each housing is properly mated. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. Some applications require lubrication of the entire gasket surface. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. 5. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the pipe end making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the pipe end. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. Swing the other housing over the gasket and into the grooves on both pipes. Reinsert the bolt and run-up both nuts finger tight. On couplings 10" and larger it may be easier to turn the gasket inside out then lubricate and slide the gasket over the pipe end as shown. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. Gasket should not be visible between segments after bolts are tightened. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. 6.12 6 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK . battery strength and operational variations. Place one housing over the gasket. flip or roll the gasket into centered position. The bolt pads are to have equal gaps on each side of the coupling. 2. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. On couplings 10" and larger. lower bend load capabilities. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. 3. 4. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figures 7400 & 7401 Couplings 1. When properly assembled there will be a small equal gap between the adjacent bolt pads. Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. pull the gasket into position centering it between the grooves on each pipe. To install the larger sizes align the tongue and pocket of the couplings appropriately and tighten the nuts alternately to the specified bolt torque.

250" wall thickness.2-Piece Large Diameter Standard Groove Couplings • • • 7001-2 & 7401-2 bolts must be lightly coated with Gruvlok Xtreme™ lube before installation.425 375 . ANSI SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Pipe Sizes In. See chart for torque requirements. or Gruvlok Standard Lube to the bolt threads. 4. making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the pipe end.300 250 . Alignment After aligning the two pipe ends together. the bolt pads are in firm even metal-to-metal contact on both sides of the coupling.-Lbs Lubrication – 14 16 18 20 24 APFH-12. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figures 7001-2 & 7401-2 Couplings . Specified Bolt Torque Ft. 5. Pipe preparation Grooved dimensions must conform to the Gruvlok Roll/Cut groove specification. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. 3. pull the gasket into position. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the pipe end. Gasket should not extend into the groove on either pipe. and gasket is not visible. 1. 2.11 ⁄8 1 1 11⁄8 11⁄8 7 180 . 6.425 Gruvlok Xtreme™ Lubricant ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 7 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.220 250 . Bolt Size In. Bolts Apply a thin coat of Xtreme lube. Apply a thin coat of Gruvlok lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. CAUTION: When using an impact wrench. Minimum wall pipe suitable for 14" – 24": 7001-2 & 7401-2 roll grooved installation is 0. centering it between the grooves on each pipe.300 375 . Tighten the nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. Housings Place each housing half on the pipe and into each groove making sure that the gasket does not slip out of position in between the pipe ends or groove. Final Assembly Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. verify that the torque output on the wrench is within the required torque range. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch.

This helps prevent pinching of the gasket during assembly. Turn the gasket inside out and slide the gasket completely over one of the pipe ends. are met. Secure the adjacent housing with an oval neck track bolt and heavy hex nut and then rotate the secured housings. This will aid in step 4. (Dimension A) should be visible when the gasket is in proper position. The use of Gruvlok lubricants ensures compatibility between the lubricant and the gasket. The end of this procedure will result in the gasket snapping into place. flip the gasket toward the pipe end so that the proper side is facing out. 6 8 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Ideally. CAUTION: Be careful not to pinch fingers during this step. Lubricate the exterior surface of the gasket.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7011 Standard Coupling 1 Inspect the pipe ends making sure the criteria. Turning the gasket inside out will reduce the stretching necessary to put the gasket into position. place housing segment on top of the pipe to support the weight of the housing segment. Position the gasket centrally between the grooves of the two pipe ends. Continue this procedure for all segments. in the Gruvlok Large Diameter Pipe Roll and Cut Groove Specifications. again balancing the weight of the housings on the top of the pipe. Working your way around the circumference of the pipe. approximately 75% of the pipe’s gasket-sealing surface. 4 Pull the two pipes into contact aligning the pipe ends. 2 3 Lubricate the gasket sealing lips. Hint: For horizontal assembly.11 . 5 Secure the housings about the pipes making sure the coupling keys are engaged in the pipe end grooves.

Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. lower bend load capabilities.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 9 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply.-lbs. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. battery strength and operational variations. Firmly torque each bolt. 8 APFH-12. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7011 Standard Coupling Continued . The specified minimum torque for each nut is 600 ft. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. 7 Installation of the Figure 7011 Standard Coupling is completed.-lbs. The specified maximum torque for each nut is 800 ft. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance.

Alignment After aligning the two tube ends together. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the one tube. Reinsert the bolt and run-up both nuts finger tight. Swing the other housing over the gasket and into the grooves on both tubes. centering it between the grooves on each tube.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7400 Rigidlite® Coupling – Advanced Copper Method 1. of the gasket. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. APFH-12. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. The bolt pads are to have equal gaps on each side of the coupling. 3. The gasket should not extend into the groove on either tube. battery strength and operational variations. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant to the entire surface. Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. making sure the tongue and recess of each housing is properly mated. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table. 5. both internal and external. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check the gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply.* keeping the gaps at the bolt pads evenly spaced. Gasket should not be visible between segments after bolts are tightened. Housings Remove one nut and bolt and loosen the other nut. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. 4. making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the tube end. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Place one housing over the gasket. pull the gasket into position. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. making sure the housing keys fit into the tube grooves. 6. 2. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. lower bend load capabilities. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities.11 10 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .

Place one housing over the gasket. NOTE: Copper is a soft material. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 6400 Rigid Coupling – CTS Copper System . 1. pull the gasket into position. Housings Remove one nut and bolt and loosen the other nut. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over one tube. 3. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the tube end. Alignment After aligning the two tube ends together. keeping the gaps at the bolt pads evenly spaced. rigid pipe joint. 5. Available with the EPDM flush gap style gasket as the standard gasket. The gasket should not extend into the groove on either tube or between the tube ends.11 SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Bolt Size In. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check the gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. The bolt pads are to have equal gaps on each side of the coupling. Specified Bolt Torque* Ft. lower bend load capabilities. both internal and external. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. making sure the housing keys fit into the tube grooves. centering it between the grooves on each tube. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to the lubricated surfaces. ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. 2. and in some cases. Wrench Size In. Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. the bolt pads may come close to metal-to-metal contact. 6400 Coupling from Gruvlok is specially designed to provide a rigid pipe connection to meet the specific demands of copper tubing installation. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. of the gasket. Assembly is complete. 4. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok® Xtreme Lubricant to the entire surface. APFH-12. The gasket should not be visible between segments after the bolts are tightened. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. making sure the tongue and recess of each housing is properly mated. Swing the other housing over the gasket and into the grooves on both tubes. Fast and easy swing-over installation of the rugged lightweight housing produces a secure. Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. Re-insert the bolt and run-up both nuts finger tight.-Lbs ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄16 7 ⁄8 11⁄16 11 30-45 30-45 60-90 11 * Non-lubricated bolt torques.The Fig. joint leakage and pipe joint separation.

NOTE: Fig.11 . Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. battery strength and operational variations. 3.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7010 Reducing Coupling 1. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. CAUTION: Uneven tightening may cause the gasket to pinch. Insert bolts and turn nuts finger tight. A Gasket Gasket Center Rib Reducing Coupling Housing Proper Position of The Gasket Sealing Lips 4. CAUTION: In vertical installations the pipes must be supported to prevent telescoping during installation. Angle the gasket over the pipe end and pull the gasket lip open around the circumference of the pipe. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. Housings Place the coupling housing halves over the gasket making sure the housing keys engage the grooves. 7010 Reducing Coupling gasket and housing properly assembled onto adjacent pipe ends. Gasket Installation Place the smaller opening of the gasket over the smaller pipe. and insert the larger pipe end into the gasket. 5. Assembly Complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves and the bolt pads are in firm even metal-tometal contact on both sides of the coupling. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. 6. Alignment Align the adjoining pipe center lines. Tighten Nuts Tighten the nuts alternately and equally to the specified bolt torque. lower bend load capabilities.* The housing bolt pads must make metal-to-metal contact. 2. FIG. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table 12 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Angle the pipe end slightly to the face of the gasket and tilt the pipe into the gasket to ease assembly. The center leg of the gasket should make flush contact with the pipe end and will prevent telescoping of the smaller pipe inside the larger. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. A illustrates the correct position of the Fig.

Tighten the nut until there is a 1/16" gap between the flange halves at location “A”. When mating to a serrated flange surface. using the proper Gruvlok lubricant. The pipe should extend out beyond the end of the sealing lip by approximately 1 /8" on the 2"-6" sizes and 3/16" on the 8"-12" sizes. 2. place the Gruvlok Flange Adapter Insert between the valve and the Gruvlok Flange. Open the Gruvlok Flange and place around the grooved pipe end with the key section fitting into the groove. (See Figure below) Gasket "A" 2 Check the gasket to assure that it is properly suited for the intended service. the Gruvlok Flange Adapter Insert is placed between the Gruvlok Flange and the rubber-faced flange. a standard full-faced flange gasket is installed against the serrated flange face.) Swing the latch bolt out of the slot. Lubricate the entire exterior surface of the gasket. APFH-12.). When mating to valves or other component equipment where the flange face has an insert. The lip of the gasket. 4. On the side without the hinge pin. 3 Latch Bolt Note: This side must face the mating flange The Gruvlok Flange gasket must be inserted so that the sealing lips face toward the pipe end and the mating flange. Check pipe end for proper grooved dimensions and to assure that the pipe end is free of indentations and projections that would prevent proper sealing of the Gruvlok flange gasket. (It is not necessary to remove the nut from the latch bolt. should not extend beyond the pipe end. sealing on the pipe. The flange gasket cavity must face the pipe end. to B Min. 3. loosen the latch bolt nut to the end of the bolt thread. 1 Place the latch bolt back into the slotted hole. and the Gruvlok Flange Adapter Insert is placed between the Gruvlok Flange and the standard flange gasket. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7012 Flange (2" – 12") .Applications which require a Gruvlok Flange Adapter Insert: 1. use procedure described in note 3. if the valve is rubber faced in the area designated by the sealing surface dimensions (A Max. When mating to a wafer valve (lug valve).11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 13 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. including the sealing lips. When mating to a rubber-faced metal flange.

free of indentations. 14 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. serrated flange Do not use a steel Flange surfaces or mating flanges with inserts (Figure C2). Tighten the nuts on the latch bolts alternately to the specified latch bolt torque. and the flange. The gasket must be properly positioned as shown in the figure below. C2 Insert a flange bolt or stud with material properties of SAE J429 Grade 5 or higher through the bolt holes and thread a nut on hand tight. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury.D. The flange faces should have metal-to-metal contact. C1 FIG. 7 NOTE: The Gruvlok Fig. All the bolts or studs must be torqued to the mating flange bolts specified torque. Ensure that the Insert is compatible with the fluids in the systems and with adjacent piping components. bolt holes. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. Tighten the nuts alternately and evenly so the flange faces remain parallel. CAUTION: Proper torquing of flange bolts is required to obtain specified performance. which will seal on the mating flange. pump. tank. flat and smooth. When using a flange insert. 7012 Flange requires the use of a Flange Adapter Insert when used against rubber surfaces (Figure C1). etc. Assure the gasket is still in the proper position and align Gruvlok Flange bolt holes with the mating flange. It is important to line up the bolt holes before bringing the two flanges together. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. 6 FIG.. lower bend load capabilities. system. it is important that the insert is properly aligned with the gasket prior to tightening the bolts. which would prevent proper sealing of the Gruvlok Flange gasket.* The flange housings must be in firm metal-to-metal contact. * Refer to page 26 with bolt torque table 5 Verify that the mating flange face is hard. 4 With the gasket in place apply lubricant to the exposed gasket tip. The Flange Adapter Insert Adapter Insert in copper systems or in systems where will be exposed to the fluids in the galvanic corrosion is possible. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation.11 . Continue this procedure until all bolt holes have been fitted.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7012 Flange (2" – 12") Continued Stretch the Gruvlok gasket around the pipe end and then press the gasket into the cavity between the pipe O. Sliding the flanges into place will dislodge the gasket and cause leakage to occur. battery strength and operational variations.

Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. Continue this procedure until all bolt holes have been fitted. and flange recess. 7012 flanges. Insert a flange bolt or stud with material properties of SAE J429 Grade 5 or higher through the bolt holes and thread a nut on hand tight. Only Gruvlok Flange gaskets may be used with Fig. Insertion of the flange bolts prior to contact of the flanges will help in the alignment of the flanges. The wide gasket lip must seal on the pipe surface diameter and the narrow gasket lip must face the mating flange. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. 14" – 24" FIG. 1 Check the gasket grade to verify that it is properly suited for the intended service.Gruvlok® Flanges of 14" size and larger are cast in four segments to ease handling during assembly. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. NOTE: Take care to assure that the gasket lip is not bent backwards and pinched between the two flanges. Pull the two flanges into contact using care to assure that the gasket remains fully seated within the gasket cavity during assembly. Bring the four flange segments into full.11 4 Tighten the nuts evenly to the specified mating face bolt torque so that the flange faces remain parallel and make firm even contact around the entire flange. Loosely assemble the segments using the four segment-bolts-and nuts. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. above. 7012 GRUVLOK FLANGE GASKET CAUTION: GASKET MUST BE FULLY SEATED AGAINST THESE THREE SURFACES PIPE SURFACE DIAMETER PROPER POSITION OF GASKET SEALING LIPS Place each Gruvlok Flange segment around the grooved pipe with the key section fitting into the groove and the flange gasket cavity facing the pipe end.D. NOTE: Design of the Gruvlok Flange provides sealing only with the special Gruvlok Flange gasket. Place the Gruvlok Flange Gasket around the pipe end by pressing the gasket into the cavity between the pipe O. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7012 Flange (14" – 24") . 2 The correct position and relationship of the components of the Gruvlok Flange assembly is shown in the Figure above. Figure 7012 Gruvlok Flanges should not be used with tie rods nor in a configuration with a wafer valve between two 7012 flanges. lower bend load capabilities. 5 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 15 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. battery strength and operational variations.half. 3 Align the Gruvlok Flange bolt holes with mating flange bolt holes. firm metal-to-metal contact. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Move around the gasket in both directions until the gasket is fully seated in the flange gasket cavity. CAUTION: Proper torquing of flange bolts is required to obtain specified performance. Alternately and equally tighten the latch bolts and nuts to the specified latch bolt torque. NOTE: An alternative method of assembly is to loosely preassemble two segments into two equal halves of the flange leaving a small gap (approximately 1/8") between the two segments of each flange. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. Insert the next bolt or stub opposite the first and again thread the nut on hand tight. APFH-12. Lubricate the entire surface of the gasket and the flange cavity using the appropriate Gruvlok Lubricant. Place the flange halves around the pipe and complete the assembly as described in Step 1.

1. battery strength and operational variations. Be sure to remove the slug from inside the pipe. 3⁄4. 7045 & 7046—SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Specified bolt torque is for the oval neck track bolts and U-bolts used on the Gruvlok® Clamp-T’s. 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 4 1 11⁄2 2 2 1⁄ 2 2 3⁄ 4 31/2 41/2 2. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check the gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. The nuts must be tightened alternately and evenly until fully tightened. BRANCH SIZE (Inches) HOLE SAW SIZE (Inches) (+1/8. Align the outlet housing over the pipe hole making sure that the locating collar is in the pipe hole. 5. lower bend load capabilities. -0) ⁄2. Apply a thin layer of Gruvlok lubricant to the back surface of the gasket. 30-40 60-80 100-130 130-180 APFH-12. pipe joint leakage and pipe joint separation. 7 ⁄8 7 ⁄8 11⁄16 11⁄4 Ft. Insert the gasket back into the outlet housing making sure the tabs in the gasket line up with the tab recesses in the housing. 3.-Lbs. Pipe Preparation Cut the appropriate size hole in the pipe and remove any burrs.11 * Non-lubricated bolt torques 16 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK . Assembly is complete FIGS. Tighten Nuts Alternately and evenly tighten the nuts to the specified bolt torque. 4. Thorough lubrication of the gasket is essential to assist the gasket into the proper sealing position. insert the bolts and tighten the nuts finger tight. Gasket Installation Lubricate the exposed surface of the gasket. CAUTION: Proper torquing of the bolts or U-bolts is required to obtain the specified performance. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to the lubricated surfaces. 6. Overtorquing the bolts or U-bolts may result in damage to the bolt. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure. Clean the gasket sealing surface within 5/8" of the hole and visually inspect the sealing surface for defects that may prevent proper sealing of the gasket. U-Bolt 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 In. Some sizes use a U-bolt design. 1 11⁄4. U-bolt and/or casting which could result in lower pressure retention capabilities.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figures 7045 & 7046 Clamp-T® Branch Outlets ALWAYS USE A GRUVLOK LUBRICANT FOR PROPER COUPLING ASSEMBLY. Alignment Align the strap around the pipe. ANSI SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Bolt Wrench Specified Size Size Bolt Torque * In.

/N-m ⁄2 X 23⁄8 1 ⁄2 X 3 5 ⁄8 X 31⁄2 ⁄4 X 43⁄4 3 80 110 80 110 100 135 130 175 100 150 100 150 130 175 180 245 17 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. CAUTION: Use only Gruvlok XtremeTM Lubricant.305 mm) (44. If silicone is unacceptable for the application contact Gruvlok for the lubrication recommendation. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. projections or other imperfections. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. Slip the gasket over one of the pipe ends. Mark each pipe at a distance from the end of the pipe according to the pipe size: Size Inches Distance to Mark 1 Check to assure the gasket material is acceptable for the intended service. 2 2 . CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply.-Lbs. The gasket must be positioned centrally between the lines on the pipe ends.8" 10 & 12" 1" 11⁄4" 13⁄4" (51 .5 mm) NOTE: Make certain the HDPE pipe end is square cut to 1⁄8" maximum for the 2" to 4" and 5⁄32" maximum for the 6" and larger sizes. 3 4 Place the Figure 7305 housing casting over the gasket. Refer to the Specified Bolt Torque Table. joint leakage and pipe joint separation. Insert the bolts and secure the nuts alternately and uniformly until the bolt pads are in contact.203 mm) (31. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. The nuts must be tightened alternately and evenly until fully tightened. Torque all bolts to the required bolt torque levels. Make sure the gasket does not overhang the pipe end. making sure the tongue on one casting is aligned with the recess of the other casting. lower bend load capabilities.4" 5 . SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Specified bolt torque is for the oval neck track bolts used on Gruvlok® couplings. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. 7305 SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Coupling Bolts In. Align the second pipe and while keeping the pipes in the butted position slide the gasket back over the second pipe end. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7305 HDPE Coupling . Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant contains silicone. Alternate and even tightening of the bolts will significantly reduce the torque needed to close the gap at the pipe joint.-Lbs. which could prevent proper sealing of the gasket. APFH-12.8 mm) (254 .11 5 FIG. 1 Minimum Ft. battery strength and operational variations.4 mm) (127 ./N-m Maximum Ft.Make certain the pipe ends are free of indentations. The Gasket color code is green for EPDM and orange for Nitrile (Buna-N).102 mm) (25. There is no gap between the bolt pads and the bolt torque should be within the range given when the coupling is properly assembled. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant to the gasket lip and outside surface of the gasket.

FIG. Torque all bolts to the required bolt torque levels. lower bend load capabilities. Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant contains silicone. 7307 SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Coupling Bolts In. Alternate and even tightening of the bolts will significantly reduce the torque needed to close the gap at the pipe joint. Apply a thin coating of Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant to the gasket lips and outside surface of the gasket. making sure the housing grooved end is directed into the pipe groove. 3 4 Place each half of the coupling housing over the gasket. projections or other imperfections. 1 Minimum Ft. Insert the bolts and secure the nuts alternately and uniformly until the bolt pads are in contact. CAUTION: Use of an impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. Align the second pipe and while holding it in the butted position. 2 Slip the gasket over one of the pipe ends. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. Refer to the Specified Bolt Torque Table. slide the gasket back over the second pipe end. indentations. which could prevent proper sealing of the gasket. There is no gap between the bolt pads and the bolt torque should be within the range given when the coupling is properly assembled. Make sure the gasket does not overhang the pipe end. Make sure the gasket does not overhang into the pipe groove. The Gasket color code is green for EPDM and orange for Nitrile (Buna-N). Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. battery strength and operational variations./N-m Maximum Ft. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. If silicone is unacceptable for the application contact Gruvlok for the lubrication recommendation. 1 Check to assure the gasket material is acceptable for the intended service. The nuts must be tightened alternately and evenly until fully tightened.-Lbs.11 18 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7307 HDPE Transition Coupling Make certain the HDPE pipe end is square cut to 1⁄8" maximum for the 2" to 4" and 5⁄32" maximum for the 6" and larger sizes. The steel pipe must be grooved in accordance with Gruvlok® Grooving Specifications for Steel Pipe./N-m ⁄2 X 23⁄8 1 ⁄2 X 3 5 ⁄8 X 31⁄2 ⁄8 X 51⁄2 7 80 110 80 110 100 135 180 245 100 150 100 150 130 175 220 300 APFH-12. CAUTION: Use only Gruvlok XtremeTM Lubricant. The gasket must be positioned on the gasket seat surface of the grooved steel pipe. The pipe ends must be free of scratches. joint leakage and pipe joint separation.-Lbs. 5 CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Specified bolt torque is for the oval neck track bolts used on Gruvlok® couplings.

verify that the output of the torque wrench is within the required torque range.11 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 7 ⁄8 1 1 1 100 . Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the required indicator.1.130 100 . 4. Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. For 7004 5" and larger. 5 Torque Ft.4" ensure the gaps on each side are evenly space. For 2" . Be sure that the tongue and recess portions of the housing mate properly. * * * * * ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 19 * Torque required to bring housing metal-to-metal contact. 3. Housings Place each housing halves on the pipe making sure the housing key fits into the groove.130 130 .4" 7004 couplings. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. making sure the gasket lip does not overhang the pipe end. Apply a thin coat of Gruvlok Lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. 2. SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Size In. Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service.180 CAUTION: When using an impact wrench. It is recommended that a torque wrench be used for accurate assembly in order to obtain specified performance. For 2" . Insert the bolts and run up the nuts finger tight. Bolt Size In. please use the table below for required torque values. 6. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket over the pipe end.-Lbs 2 21⁄2 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 APFH-12. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7004 High Pressure Coupling . pull the gasket into position. and for 5" and larger couplings ensure the housings are in firm even metal-to-metal contact on both sides. Gasket should not extend into the groove on either pipe. 5.130 100 . centering it between the grooves on each pipe. Alignment After aligning the two pipe ends together. tighten nuts till housings are in metal-tometal contact.

For 2" . CAUTION: Not using the correct groove dimensions will result in pipe joint separation. In. and for 5" and larger couplings ensure the housings are in firm even metal-to-metal contact on both sides. SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Size Bolt Size In. verify that the output of the torque wrench is within the required torque range. Slide the second pipe end half way into the gasket. 3. CAUTION: When using an impact wrench.130 100 .4" ensure the gaps on each side are evenly space. 2 21⁄2 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 7 ⁄8 1 1 1 100 . Check & Lubricate Gasket Check gasket to be sure it is compatible for the intended service. see pages 34-35 for groove dimensions. 1.130 130 . Ensure pipes are aligned properly. finger tight. please use the table on this page for required torque values. Apply a thin coat of Gruvlok Lubricant to outside and sealing lips of the gasket. Insert the bolts and run up the nuts. Housings Place each housing halves on the pipe making sure the housing key fits into the groove. stopping then the pipe end comes in contact with the center gasket leg. Tighten Nuts Securely tighten nuts alternately and equally to the required indicator. 5 Torque Ft. 20 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Be sure that the tongue and recess portions of the housing mate properly. 2. Assembly is complete Visually inspect the pipe joint to assure the coupling keys are fully engaged in the pipe grooves. It is recommended that a torque wrench be used for accurate assembly in order to obtain specified performance. For 2" .4" couplings. For 5" and larger. tighten nuts till housings are in firm metal-tometal contact.130 100 . 5.GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Figure 7004 with EG® Gasket High Pressure Coupling with End Guard® Gasket For 7400 with EG® gasket required specified pipe end groove dimensions and fittings.180 * * * * * * Torque required to bring housing metal-to-metal contact.-Lbs 4. Be careful that foreign particles do not adhere to lubricated surfaces. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. stop when the center gasket leg comes in contact with the pipe end. Gasket Installation Slip the gasket half way on to the pipe end.11 .

Rotate the fitting until the desired position is obtained. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Sock-It® Fittings . WARNING: System pressure must be relieved and vented. CAUTION: Do NOT hammer fitting on. 2 Apply a light coating of GRUVLOK Lubricant to the gaskets located in each end of the Sock-It Fitting. (NOTE: The 21⁄2" Sock-It fitting has 2 locking bolts for each pipe end. Reinstallation may be accomplished as described in Steps 1-4. 5 Bolt end must be inspected to assure bolts ability to cut into pipe. Tighten the lock bolt until the bolt head bottoms against the threaded boss.D. 11⁄4".) Install the other prepped and lubricated pipe end into the Sock-It fitting in the same manner. (See Step 1). Replace bolts in cases where bolt end sharpness has been comprised. Also apply a light coating of lubricant to the pipe ends to further ease insertion of the pipe into the Sock-It Fitting. As a guide for installation.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 21 Gruvlok Table of Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. of the Sock-It Fittings as this would prevent proper insertion of the pipe. Install the other prepped and lubricated pipe end into the Sock-It fitting in the same manner. Other lubricants may affect gasket performance. indentations.Pipe surface shall be cleaned at least 1" from the end of the pipe to remove any coating. 1 Check all lock bolts to be sure they do not extend into the I. and the system drained of fluid prior to loosening the lock bolts to remove or reposition the Sock-It Fitting. and sharp edges which could affect proper gasket sealing. 4 Sock-It Fittings may be removed by loosening the lock bolts. APFH-12. The end of the Sock-It Fitting should be within 1 ⁄16" from the edge of the marking on the pipe. NOTE: When Allied XL pipe is used it is necessary only to remove sharp edges and burrs at the end of the pipe. No additional cleaning is required. A slight twist while pushing fitting and pipe together will ease the required insertion force. mark the pipe at a distance of 11⁄2" from the end for 1". 3 Insert the prepped and lubricated pipe end into the Sock-It Fitting until the pipe end makes contact with the internal pipe stop. NOTE: Use only Gruvlok Lubricants. projections. and 11⁄2" size fittings and 13⁄4" for the 2" & 21⁄2" size fittings.

NOTES 22 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .

and many Green chemical services not involving hydrocarbons. In unusual or severe services. Red NOT FOR USE WITH HYDROCARBONS Petroleum products. The recommendations have been developed from current information supplied by manufacturers of the elastomers. hydrocarbons and lubricants O L E Type A Silicone Red Dry. petroleum oils. gasket materials should be subjected to simulated service conditions to determine the most suitable gasket grade. These listings do not apply to Gruvlok Butterfly Valves. Combinations of fluids should be referred to an Anvil Rep. and continuity of service. hot air and some high temperature chemiGasket cal services. salts. for an engineering evaluation and recommendation. technical publications. Wet & Dry (oil free air) Pipe in Fire Protection Systems.12 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Excellent oxidation resistance. vegetable oils. FM approved VdS and/or LPC symbols are Listed/Approved with EPDM material. the preferred grade is listed first. Contact an Anvil Representative for recommendations for services not listed. salts. (Buna-N) NOT FOR USE IN HOT WATER SERVICES E EP T -40°F to +250°F (-40°C to 121°C) -20°F to +180°F (-29°C to 82°C) SPECIAL GASKETS Grade Temperature Range +20°F to +300°F (-20°C to 149°C) -40°F to +350°F (-40°C to 177°C) -40°F to +150°F (-40°C to 66°C) Compound Color Code Fluoro Elastomer Blue General Service Applications High temperature resistance to oxidizing acids. and industry applications. alkalies. dilute acids. mineral Nitrile Orange oils. For other Listed/Approved materials. and air contaminated with petroleum oils. Excellent oxidation resistance. NOT FOR USE WITH HYDROCARBONS Water. Gruvlok Xtreme™ Temperature Lubricant is required. or gases. hydraulic fluids. EPDM and oils. and many chemical services not involving hydrocarbons. or gases. ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 23 PreViolet Lubricated APFH-4. EPDM Green oils. Unless otherwise noted. halogenated. Gasket recommendations apply only to Gruvlok gaskets.The lists are provided as an aid in selecting the optimum gasket grade for a specific application to assure the maximum service life. Where more than one gasket grade is shown. dilute acids. Selection of the optimum gasket grade for a specific service requires the consideration of many factors. primarily temperature. all gasket recommendations are based on 100°F (38°C) maximum temperature service condition. The information supplied should be considered as a basis for evaluation but not as a guarantee. All Gruvlok products marked with UL/ULC Listed. GASKET GRADE INDEX: STANDARD GASKETS Grade Temperature Range -40°F to +230°F (-40°C to 110°C) Compound Color Code General Service Applications Water. alkalies. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Gruvlok Gasket Grade Index VLOK GRU . fluid concentration. For dry pipe systems. please contact an Anvil Representative for more information.

Contact an Anvil Representative for an engineering evaluation and recommendation. Leaded Gasoline. Kerosene Lube Oil. -40°F to 230°F (-40°C to 110°C) Air. Chlorine Water. Waste Water. -20°F to 150°F (-29°C to 66°C) Air. Acid Mine Water. 20°F to 300°F (-7°C to 149°C) Water.12" (25 . For services not listed. Where the gasket grade is shown in parentheses. Lime Gasket Grade E/EP L T O E/EP/T E E/T (E/EP/O) E/EP/T E/EP/T E/EP/T E/EP/T Where more than one gasket grade is shown the preferred gasket grade is listed first. -40°F to 350°F (-40°C to 177°C) Air.12" (40 . Deionized Water.29. JP-4 and JP-5 JP-6. 24 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-4.9" Hg Gasket Recommendation Standard or Flush Gap Flush Gap LARGER SIZES: Contact an Anvil Representative for more information.10" Hg 10" . Oil vapor Temp. Seawater Water.GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Gruvlok Gasket Recommendation List & Vacuum Service GASKET RECOMMENDATION LISTING: WATER & AIR Service Air. *Contact an Anvil Representative for service evaluation. Temp to 150°F (66°C) Water. Oil vapor Temp. all gasket listings are based upon 100°F (38°C) maximum temperature service conditions. Check gasket color code to be certain it is recommended for the service intended. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Service Crude Oil . to 150°F (66°C) Motor Oil Tar and Tar Oil Transmission Fluid —Type A Turbo Oil #15 Diester Lubricant Gasket Grade T T T T (O) T T/O O T T T T O O Unless otherwise noted. Temp to 230°F (110°C) Water.12 . Unleaded* Hydraulic Oil JP-3.300mm) 11⁄2" .200mm) Vacuum Level 0" .Sour Diesel Oil Fuel Oil Gasoline. (no oil vapors) Temp. 100°F (38°C) Maximum Temp. (no oil vapors) Temp. Use Gruvlok lubricant on gasket. contact an Anvil Representative for recommendation. VACUUM SERVICE: VACUUM SERVICE Size 1" . Specify gasket grade when ordering.

This lubricant is waterproof.172.6°C). it can be used with EPDM. it is required that the gasket be lubricated not only on the outside. There are five primary applications where the Xtreme Lubricant will provide increased benefits: low temperature applications below -20°F(-28.878 & 21. transverse and rotational pipe movements. Gruvlok® XtremeTM Lubricant is a Teflon® fortified white.177. allowing a properly lubricated pipe end and gasket assembly to re-position itself during temperature cycles. proper lubrication of the gasket’s exterior assists the gasket into the proper sealing position as pipe system movement occurs. • Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant is the only Gruvlok lubricant that is to be used with Gruvlok couplings and gaskets in HDPE and copper piping systems. 21.0°C). Lubrication of the pipe end and gasket will help the gasket to adjust into the proper sealing position during temperature cycles. but also on the inside. gasket chemical compatibility must still be considered. Since it is formulated from a non-hydro carbon base. This lubricant has an operating temperature range from -65°F to 400°F (-53. to become more susceptible to leakage. high temperature applications above 150°F (65. APFH-12. with small cuts or damage. and for the lubrication of gaskets on HDPE couplings. This will cause pipe end sealing surfaces. lubrication of gaskets in copper systems.R. as with the normal installation of a Gruvlok gasket. ®Teflon is a registered trademark of Dupont.8°C to 204°C).1550 (Incidental Food Contact). This is particularly important at higher temperatures where oxidizing agents in the piping system become more aggressive.GRUVLOK® XTREMETM LUBRICANT Gruvlok® Xtreme™ Lubricant has been developed for use with Gruvlok couplings in services where improved lubrication is beneficial. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Gruvlok Lubricants .11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 25 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. applications where increased pipe joint flexibility is needed. In applications where pipe movement is expected. tasteless and odorless grease made from Silicone Oil and other ingredients that are safe to ingest. Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant will maintain its lubricating properties at lower temperatures allowing a properly lubricated pipe end and gasket (assembly) to reposition itself during temperature cycles. • For high temperature service and copper systems. It is sanctioned by the FDA under C. well exceeding the temperature range of Gruvlok gaskets. non-petroleum based oils to ease spreading of the lubricant.F. thereby eliminating water wash-out and it will not dry out in the absence of water. Lubrication on the inside of the gasket is easily accomplished by turning the gasket inside out and applying the lubricant. The temperature change will also force the gasket to slightly re-position itself. However. Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant will maintain its lubricating properties at higher temperatures. Nitrile and Fluoroelastomer gasket materials. The lubricant on the interior of the gasket will act to improve the chemical resistance of the gasket material by providing a thin lubricant barrier between the piping system fluid and the gasket surface. This lubricating film enhances our flexible coupling gasket’s ability to compensate for axial. CAUTION: Silicone based lubricants are not allowed in some facilities. Do not use with CPVC Products. It is not to be used with Silicone gaskets. It’s low temperature capability and lubricity ensure a highly reliable connection. • The Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant has been formulated from low viscosity. • In low temperature applications the gasket will shrink. thereby lowering the sealing force on the gasket sealing lips. It is NSF approved for use with potable water.

-Lbs. however. Gruvlok Lubricant is water soluble. the Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant and Gruvlok Quick Dry Lubricant are now available to improve the performance of the couplings and flanges in certain applications. it will not impart taste or odor. Do not thin or mix with solvents. Pipe joint separation may result in significant property damage and serious injury. It is NSF approved for use with potable water. The nuts must be tightened alternately and evenly until fully tightened. and is NSF approved for use with potable water.11 . CAUTION: Use of an Impact wrench is not recommended because the torque output can vary significantly due to many variables including air pressure supply. reapply lubricant prior to assembly. Over torquing the bolts may result in damage to the bolt and/or casting which could result in pipe joint separation. and does not support bacterial growth. battery strength and operational variations. This lubricant is acceptable for most applications. Under torquing the bolts may result in lower pressure retention capabilities. 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 11⁄4 26 METRIC SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Bolt Size mm M10 M12 M16 M20 M22 M24 Wrench Size mm 16 22 24 30 34 36 Specified Bolt Torque * N-m 40-60 110-150 135-175 175-245 245-300 270-340 Wrench Size In. The quick drying quality of the lubricant eliminates lubricant drips caused by over lubrication. The service temperature range for this lubricant is from 0° F to 150° F (-17.8°C to 65. This lubricant is easy to apply by brush or hand. and will not impart taste or odor. non-toxic. 30-45 80-100 100-130 130-180 180-220 200-250 225-275 250-300 * Non-lubricated bolt torques * Non-lubricated bolt torques ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Gruvlok Lubricants Continued GRUVLOK® QUICK DRY LUBRICANT Gruvlok® Quick Dry Lubricant is a fast drying lubricant that has been developed for applications where the piping system is exposed. It is water-soluble. GRUVLOK® LUBRICANT Gruvlok® Lubricant is the standard lubricant that has been provided for use with Gruvlok products for years. NOTE: Use specified bolt torque unless otherwise indicated on product installation pages. 11 ⁄16 7 ⁄8 11⁄16 11⁄4 17⁄16 15⁄8 113⁄16 2 Specified Bolt Torque * Ft. and it quickly dries to a thin film when in contact with air. non-corrosive. non-flammable. lower bend load capabilities. Gruvlok Quick Dry Lubricant is non-corrosive. The lubricant is made from a water emulsion that is non-toxic. joint leakage and pipe joint separation.6°C) and may be used with all Gruvlok gasket material grades. non-flammable. CAUTION: Proper torquing of coupling bolts is required to obtain specified performance. ANSI SPECIFIED BOLT TORQUE Bolt Size In. CAUTION: HDPE pipe requires the use of Gruvlok Xtreme Lubricant and should not be used with Gruvlok Lubricant. Specified Bolt Torque Specified bolt torque is for the oval neck track bolts used on Gruvlok couplings and flanges. If necessary.

To create a Gruvlok pipe joint, all pipe must be prepared to receive Gruvlok coupling or other Gruvlok pipe system components. The required pipe preparation may be grooving or cleaning the pipe ends, or cutting a hole in the pipe wall. For grooved-end joints, pipe may be grooved by either of two methods; cut or roll grooving. Branch outlet connections require a properly sized and correctly located hole to be cut into the pipe. Sock-it connections require cleaning of the pipe end. Gruvlok plain-end pipe couplings require that the pipe be free of burrs and other sharp projections which could damage the gasket; grooving is not required. Gruvlok pipe grooving and hole cutting machines are available in a wide variety of designs to meet specific or general requirements. Gruvlok roll grooving machines produce a groove to proper dimensional tolerances, concentric with the pipe O.D., even on out-of-round pipe. Gruvlok hole cutting tools properly center holes for correct assembly of Gruvlok branch outlet components.

Cut-Grooving:
Cut grooving is intended for use with standard and heavier wall pipe. Cut grooving produces a groove in the pipe wall by removing metal from the pipe O.D. The groove removes less than one half of the pipe wall and does not cut as deeply into the pipe wall as do standard pipe threads. The square cut edge of the groove allows for the full expansion, Depth of Cut Groove contraction, and deflection capabilities vs. Thread of the Gruvlok coupling.

Cut Grooving

Volume of Metal Removed Cut Groove vs. Threaded

Roll-Grooving:
Roll grooving does not remove metal. Instead, metal is displaced while a groove is formed into the outer surface of the pipe wall. The groove configuration has slightly rounded edges resulting in a less flexible joint than a cut groove joint. This reduces available pipe joint movement by 50% over cut grooved coupling joints. Roll grooving is commonly used on a wide range of pipe thicknesses up to 0.375" wall steel pipe and sizes to 24" O.D.

Roll Grooving

Roll Groove Cut Groove The I.D. “dimple" formed from roll grooving reduces the I.D. (on an average) less than 2%.

Available Movement Roll Groove vs. Cut Groove

APFH-12.11

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Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Data Installation Contents

GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Pipe Preparation

GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Pipe Preparation Continued
Branch Outlet Pipe: Clamp-T®
A

5⁄8"

Clamp-T installations require the cutting of a hole through the pipe wall. The hole must be properly sized and located on the centerline of the pipe to assure reliable performance of the Clamp-T gaskets. After the hole has been cut into the pipe wall, any burrs and sharp or rough edges must be removed from the hole. The outside pipe surfaces within 5/8" of the hole must be clean and smooth. Any scale, projections or indentation which might effect the gasket sealing on the pipe must be removed. The surface around the entire circumference of the pipe within the “A” dimension in the charts must be free from dirt, scale, or projections which might effect the proper assembly of the Clamp-T.

CLAMP-T INSTALLATION
Branch Size
DN/mm
1

Hole Dimensions Surface Hole Max. Perm. Prep. Saw Size Diameter “A”
In./mm In./mm In./mm

⁄2, 3⁄4, 1
32, 40

11⁄2
38.1

15⁄8
41.3

31⁄2
88.9

15, 20, 25

11⁄4, 11⁄2 2
50

2
50.8

21⁄8
54.0

4
101.6

21⁄2
63.5

25⁄8
66.7

41⁄2
114.3

21⁄2
65

23⁄4
69.9

27⁄8
73.0

43⁄4
120.7

3
80

3 ⁄2
88.9

1

3 ⁄8
92.1

5

51⁄2
139.7

4
100

41⁄2
114.3

45⁄8
117.5

61⁄2
165.1

Roughneck®:
Plain-End pipe for use with Fig. 7005 Roughneck Couplings must be free of any notches, bumps, weld bead, score marks, etc. for at least 11/2" (38 mm) back from the pipe end to provide a smooth sealing surface for the gasket. Pipe ends (plain or beveled end) must be square cut as measured from a true square line with the maximum allowable tolerance as follows: 0.030" (0.7 mm) for 2" through 3"; 0.045 (1.1 mm) for 4" through 6"; and 0.060" (1.5 mm) for 8" sizes. The nominal outside diameter of pipe should not vary more than ±1% for sizes up to 21/2", +1%-1/32" for sizes 3"-5"; +1/16"-1/32" for sizes 6" and larger. Pipe ends must be marked a distance of 1" from the pipe end for Sizes 2"-4" and 11/4" from the pipe end for Sizes 5"-8" as a guide for centering of the gasket on the pipe ends.

28

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

APFH-12.11

Sock-It®:
For Sock-It Fittings, the pipe ends must be square cut as measured from a true square line.

PIPE TOLERANCES
Min. XL Min. O.D. O.D.
In./mm In./mm

Schedule 10 & 40 The maximum allowable tolerance is 0.030" Size (0.76mm) for all sizes. Any sharp edges, burrs, Nom O.D. Max. O.D. etc. left on the pipe from cutting must be In./mm removed. If these are not removed, they may DN/mm In./mm 1 1.315 1.325 damage the gasket as the pipe is inserted into 25 33.4 33.6 the Sock-It Fitting. 11⁄4 1.660 1.670 After cutting, pipe ends must be completely 32 42.2 42.4 cleaned a minimum of 1" (25.4mm) back from 11⁄2 1.900 1.910 the pipe end to remove all pipe coating, weld 40 48.3 48.5 beads, rust, sharp projections, etc., which 2 2.375 2.385 might effect gasket sealing integrity.
50 65 60.3 73.0 60.6 73.8 NOTE: When Allied XL pipe is used it is necessary only to remove sharp edges and burrs at the end of the pipe. No additional cleaning is required.

1.295
32.9

1.285
32.6

1.642
41.7

1.630
41.4

1.882
47.8

1.875
47.6

2.357
59.9

2.352
59.7

21⁄2

2.875

2.904

2.846
72.3

2.837
72.1

ACCEPTABLE PIPE END CONFIGURATION
Remove Burr & Sharp Edge

1⁄32"

to 1⁄16" 30 or 45

3⁄16"

Max.

Square cut pipe with O.D. burr & sharp edge removed is preferred configuration.

Beveled pipe. Bevel not to exceed 1⁄16".

Soft pipe when roll cut may be swaged inward. Swaged portion not to exceed 3⁄16"

UNACCEPTABLE

Excessive chamfer on I.D. will tend to cut gasket during assembly.

Abrasive wheels & saws leave edge burrs especially pronounced on one side.

Dull wheel cutter produces a raised ridge at the pipe O.D. giving an oversize diameter.

The sharp O.D. edge left by different methods of cutting pipe must be removed. If this sharp edge is not removed, it may damage the gasket as the pipe is inserted into the Sock-It Fitting.

APFH-12.11

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

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Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Data Installation Contents

GRUVLOK® TECHNICAL DATA Pipe Preparation Continued

measured from a true square line.030" / -0. COLUMN 7 . For IPS pipe. measured at 90° must not exceed total O. Groove must conform to the groove diameter “C” listed in column 5. COLUMN 3 .D. and 1.11 .Roll Grooving Approval Specifications. and ID prior to roll grooving. chips. 0. ISO outside diameter. and ID prior to roll grooving.ROLL GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS A B T Flare OD C D COLUMN 1 . COLUMN 8 .IPS outside diameter. see the Technical Data/Install Instructions section on Anvil’s web site .D.D. tolerance listed (reference column 2). COLUMN 5 . ▼ “A” tolerance +0. rust or scale which may interfere with proper sealing of the gasket. Weld Seams must be ground flush with the pipe O. Measured at the most extreme pipe end diameter of the gasket seat area. Failure to do so may result in damage to the roll grooving machine and unacceptable roll grooves may be produced.045" for 4" thru 6". and minimum O. and 0. seams. Seams must be ground flush with the pipe O.Gasket seat must be free from scores.15mm for sizes 100mm-150mm. For ISO size pipe. Gasket seat width (Dimension A) is to be measured from the pipe end to the vertical flank in the groove wall.Maximum allowable pipe end flare diameter.com 30 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.77 / -1.54 mm) NOTE: VdS .anvilintl.D. (See column 6).75mm for sizes 25mm-80mm.D.03" for 1" thru 31⁄2".Groove depth: for reference only.www.The groove must be of uniform depth around the entire pipe circumference. Beveled-End Pipe in conformance with ANSI B16. the maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0. COLUMN 4 . COLUMN 2 . Out of roundness: Difference between maximum O.Minimum allowable wall thickness which may be roll grooved.25 (371⁄2°) is acceptable.Nominal IPS Pipe size. however square cut is preferred. Nominal ISO Pipe size.060" (+0. the maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0.50mm for sizes 200mm and above. COLUMN 6 .060" for sizes 8" and above measured from a true square line. 1.Groove width (Dimension B) is to be measured between vertical flank of the groove size walls. Failure to do so may result in damage to the roll grooving machine and unacceptable roll grooves may be produced.

93 0.88 15.74 0.938 16 O.775 -0.625 8.7 30 O.84 451.79 15. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK STANDARD ROLL GROOVE SPECIFICATION FOR STEEL & OTHER IPS OR ISO SIZE PIPE .D.083 2.D.91 11.6 6.063 -0.500 +0./DN(mm) -2O.781 -0.000 +0. “A” “B” “C” “C” Tol.000 Flare (Ref.035 -0.56 -0.109 0.030 0.79 -0.2 5.030 0.015 0.781 -0.920 277.15 69.031 15.430 36.09 57.0 2.61 +0.60 1.38 -0.996 +0.38 4./mm In.48 -0.018 0.11 0.05 19. Pipe Size Actual In. 30.063 0.83 25.020 1.8 0.250 6.109 2.7 1.480 63. 16.13 0.46 -0.027 0.563 +0.031 15.3 0.76 15.040 -0.77 2.51 -0.625 0.88 0.063 -0.0 +1.031 15.031 0.79 15.13 -0.084 8.030 0.031 0.79 -0.40 -0.334 -0.79 -0.031 0.250 -0.334 -0.60 2.344 0.469 10.660 143.5 10 250 0.031 1.1 0.281 7.4 457.76 ±0.160 512.259 6.022 -0.065 1.7 3.7 2.42 +0.96 214.083 2.60 -0.51 1.0 159.000 24 O.60 1.562 -0.2 16.8 20.160 461.1 +0.334 -0.100 408.89 +1.3 6.109 142.38 -0.083 2.344 8.172 0.30 -0.625 8.800 223.51 2.083 4.03 6.083 2.4 31⁄2 90 41⁄4 O.48 +0.1 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 31 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.6 406.60 +1.010 51.344 5.1 273.76 -0. 0.3 219.D.022 0.86 749.350 108.344 6.109 161.084 5.031 1.031 15.063 1.000 +0.0 133.469 12.350 133.88 3.1 0.39 2. 24.24 0.083 2.26 -0.063 2.74 -0.35 30.91 11./mm 15.019 -0.46 1.900 +0.770 45.022 0.031 0./mm 1.980 75.0 +1.024 0.56 2.000 0.085 8. 61⁄2 O.77 2.14 0.000 +0.469 11.77 2.015 0.4 457.D.07 -0.40 44.109 0.46 -0.2 14 O.3 73.D.1 2 50 0.79 -0.920 328.000 +0.7 139.344 8.37 6.018 0.05 23.236 5.1 165.500 +1.1 0.076 2.250 +0.109 2.8 167.91 11.2 508.063 +0.91 11.7 1.031 15.344 4.76 -0.74 0.74 +0.64 -0.344 8.109 2.61 -0.38 -0.0 11⁄2 40 0.D.315 +0.76 -0. ±0.88 15.38 -0.395 -0.60 +1.2 18./mm In.3 60.350 159.1 323.79 0.2 48.063 -0.625 150 168.45 8.190 -0.750 0.845 -In.-1Nom.1 0.8 5. 141.000 +0.625 In.469 17.76 In.D.74 0.030 1 25 1.88 6 6.14 +0.0 21⁄2 65 3 O.084 6.015 0.281 7.74 0.031 0.27 318.600 91.74 0.99 45.71 +0.063 1.109 110.76 -0.88 15.14 0.165 4.6 406.600 165.020 -0.34 2.344 129.030 -0.625 1.063 -0.625 2.40 25.029 -0.094 0. 18.9 5.88 8./mm -In.9 0.05 19.531 -0.79 -0.344 8.70 15.063 -0. 4.052 +0.063 -0.91 11.188 4.500 +1.029 -0.79 -0.083 2.79 -0.D.0 609.51 2.D.093 -0.109 0.56 -0.98 2.031 0.74 160.9 101.344 154.030 0.165 4./mm 30.60 +1.1 0.469 19.16 2.018 In.031 0.1 0. Max.083 0.40 25.8 0.065 1.344 -0.720 -0.200 761.48 -0.469 15.79 -0.77 4.88 5 5.16 0.019 0.4 42.1 4.0 +1.625 +0.88 -0.625 100 51⁄4 O.834 -0.085 2.109 0.29 350.375 +0.60 +1.79 -0.028 -0.11 0.022 2.14 1.23 38.020 0.2 508.04 400.156 4.91 12.7 2.88 15.53 -0.063 -0.09 2.56 2.441 -0.625 8.3 5.8 8. 51⁄2 O.600 116.60 -0.750▼ 0.625 8.D.056 -0.625 1.1 78.031 0.38 -0.D.79 15.100 76.8 0.32 -0.750 +0.625 2.88 0.74 72.6 762.250 APFH-12.781 -0.750 +0./mm In.083 2.281 7./mm 33.031 1. ±0.79 -0.11 0.134 3.078 0. “D” Allow.D.015 0.91 11.0 0.76 -0.3 11⁄4 32 0.88 0.000 +0.60 +1.875 +0.77 2.078 84.0 108.74 +0.1 3 80 76.088 2.74 135.084 -0.344 3.100 104.750 12.344 110.83 23.02 +0.063 2.600 139.344 137.200 614.030 0.44 600.79 -0.045 -0.156 4.79 -0.8 0. Tolerance -3-4-5-6-7-8“T” Min./mm -0.625 29.51 -0.065 1.0 +1.031 0.60 2.656 -0.60 +1.063 -0.1 +1.93 3.063 -0.88 0.031 1.455 -0.74 0.74 163.065 1.218 5.625 +0.88 4 4.500 23.88 0.64 502.020 2.6 762.750 10.6 4.41 -0.0 14.625 88. 114.11 0.88 0.016 0. 20.020 0.76 1.083 8.08 5.94 97.029 0.781 -0.500 +0.000 20 O.055 -0.11 0.D.4 12 300 355.025 0.4 10.74 0.100 358.60 +1.7 3.3 6.8 0.500 -0.030/ ±0.79 15.0 609.60 1.73 -0.9 8 200 8.74 0.76 -0.69 -0.7 +1.076 In.625 8./mm +In.015 0.109 135. Only) Wall Thick Dia.36 -0.030 0.000 +0.88 19.031 0.625 125 61⁄4 O.625 0.1 0.535 -0.109 0.98 0.092 0. 14.8 6.0 12.5 24.35 2.660 +0.60 1.40 268.024 -0.74 103.79 -0.79 -0.5 4.469 13.042 -0.730 170.030/ Actual +0.9 355.063 -0.60 +1.88 15.938 18 O.

and minimum O. the maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0. the maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0. ISO outside diameter. and 0.030" / -0. COLUMN 5 .D. tolerance listed (reference column 2). Out of roundness: Difference between maximum O. rust or scale which may interfere with proper coupling assembly.11 . Nominal ISO Pipe size.The groove must be of uniform depth around the entire pipe circumference. For IPS pipe.D. measured at 90° must not exceed total O.IPS outside diameter. 1.060" for sizes 8" and above measured from a true square line.50mm for sizes 200mm and above. measured from a true square line. and 1.CUT GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS A B T OD C D COLUMN 1 . 0. Groove must conform to the groove diameter “C” listed in column 5.Gasket seat must be free from scores.54 mm) 32 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Beveled-End Pipe in conformance with ANSI B16.060" (+0. COLUMN 7 . ▼ “A” tolerance +0.15mm for sizes 100mm-150mm.Groove depth: for reference only. however square cut is preferred.03" for 1" thru 31⁄2". COLUMN 2 .77 / -1.Minimum allowable wall thickness which may be cut grooved. (See column 6).045" for 4" thru 6". Not to be used with End Guard gaskets.75mm for sizes 25mm-80mm. For ISO size pipe. COLUMN 3 & 4 .Nominal IPS Pipe size. seams. chips.25 (371⁄2°) is acceptable.D. COLUMN 6 .

2 0.249 159.40 0.88 0.79 -0.775 45.D.79 -0.05 0.79 -0.53 0.500 +0.09 -0.133 3.625 15.0 0.38 -0.031 1.53 0.74 +0.14 +0.660 +0. 14.88 0.109 2.6 0.11 0.76 0.312 7.500 12.09 2.563 14.D.10 8.40 268./mm -In.140 3.250 6.625 +0.088 5.238 6.88 0.625 +0.625 15.38 0.083 2.000 25.344 84.88 0.015 33.70 0.88 0.70 0.86 724.016 1.56 6.056 -0.312 7.063 -0.030 0. 2.000 +0.64 502.56 2.063 -0.60 +1.30 0.70 0.76 -0.76 +0.D.64 -0.45 0.250 +0.74 -0.0 +1.024 60.031 114.063 1.41 0.04 400.172 4.61 -0.79 -0.109 2.030 Tol.031 15.88 0.500 12.062 1.3 0.8 0.3 73.4 12 300 355.375 9.030 30.2 0.015 -0.312 7.375 9.0 61⁄2 O.9 0.203 108.042 -0.60 +1.375 154.29 350.0 5. 24.030 -0.625 9.8 0.781 -0.1 14 O.030 28.99 -0.79 -0.6 0.79 -0.D.92 0.6 0.6 0.88 0.063 -0.031 88.40 0.53 6.031 30 I.76 -0.022 163.92 0.625 15.500 +1.6 733.92 1.79 -0.3 219.6 0.46 -0.79 -0.88 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 33 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.69 -0.000 +0.025 -0.875 +0.83 0.79 15.1 323. 15.455 -0.60 +1.750▼ 0.018 -0.625 15.750 19.063 -0.40 0.625 9.030 ±0.063 -0.031 141.000 +0.1 0.88 -0.88 0.563 14.8 0.027 12.0 762.9 0.000 +0./mm In.15 -0. 31.083 2.781 -0.46 1.500 +0.031 30 O.0 609.60 +1. 16.1 0.030 15.05 0.500 12./mm In.031 10.625 15.92 0.88 0.8 0.53 0.031 108. 30.500 12.53 0.109 2.312 2.031 168.88 0.76 -0.029 76.79 5.625 15.031 15.109 2.76 -0.40 -0.375 129.60 +1.625 15.6 733.500 12.60 2.562 -0. 159. 18.019 48.000 25.250 57./mm -In.4 +1.79 -0.35 0.031 0.79 -0.51 -0.030 23.154 3.022 2.938 23.312 7.000 +0.019 -0.000 25.375 9.4 11⁄4 32 1.1 0.083 0.281 7.73 -0.38 0.375 3. 28.92 0.60 +1.188 4.1 0.031 20 O.4 0. 4.60 +1.88 0.89 +1.9 355.312 7.084 -0.79 -0.875 +0.30 0.6 4. Tolerance +In.53 0. 139.61 +0.30 0.D.69 777.48 2.190 30. Data Installation Contents GRUVLOK STANDARD CUT GROOVE SPECIFICATION FOR STEEL & OTHER IPS OR ISO SIZE PIPE .32 +0.7 0.D.9 21⁄2 65 3 O.4 787.625 15.71 +0.1 +0.085 6.000 0.2 0. Only) Thick.076 5.084 2.000 (Ref.024 -0.70 10.395 -0.36 -0.76 ±0.96 -0.79 -0.07 -0.D.441 214.2 508.2 0./mm -2O.42 +0.092 2.0 609.9 101.2 0.145 3.2 +0.022 137.4 787.0 2.020 1.188 4.76 -0.5 1.625 15.51 -0.031 12.94 -0.23 -0.88 7.437 11.031 16 O.015 -0.656 -0.46 -0. “C” Seat “A” Width “B” Groove Allow.79 6./mm In.029 -0.79 -0.535 38. 20.79 4.8 0.D. ±0.834 97.996 +0.334 -0.84 451.219 5.9 1.030 17.625 15.750 +0.055 -0.76 3.203 5.203 5.031 28 I.76 -0.312 7.88 9.000 +0.76 -0.60 -0.74 -0.27 318.70 0.187 4.03 6.334 -0.084 -0.4 0.063 -0.D.60 +1./mm In.2 508.094 2.8 0.-1Nom.312 7.4 42.172 4.60 +1.219 165.531 -0.062 1.D.188 76.D.063 -0.000 25.375 103.084 -0.236 +1.500 12.845 -0.375 +0.D.076 0.0 4 100 51⁄4 O.085 2.063 -0. Depth “D” Wall Actual ±0.3 5.020 110.51 5.2 0.4 457.9 1.2 0.8 31⁄2 90 41⁄4 O.02 +0.563 +0.2 0.44 600.000 +0.4 0.88 0.045 -0. IPS Pipe Size Actual In.031 0.1 3 80 15.6 11⁄2 40 2 50 0.79 0.031 24 O.92 72.13 5.750 19.375 9.8 0.750 19.078 2.3 0.031 15.26 3.79 -0.4 457.1 273.250 31.030 29.8 0.020 2.1 0./DN(mm) In.500 +1.750 +0.88 0.51 -0.53 0.53 0.625 0.56 -0.500 749. 133.1 6 150 165.028 -0./mm -3-4-5-6-7Gasket Groove Groove Diameter Actual Min.279 7.70 0.09 2.0 6.312 7.015 -0.203 133.2 5.60 0.035 -0.625 15.0 51⁄2 O.015 -0.38 -0.88 0./mm 1 25 1.375 135.018 0.625 15.063 -0.51 4.48 -0.4 0.203 139.312 7.1 10 250 0.500 12.79 -0.022 2.312 7.56 -0.0 APFH-12.781 -0.625 9.030 13.900 +0.063 -0.7 5 125 61⁄4 O.250 6.60 +0.020 -0.6 406.6 8 200 8.83 0.020 0.720 69.92 1.40 0.938 23.48 -0.6 406.D.625 9.88 0.3 +0.05 0.063 -0.031 18 O.92 1.203 5.76 -0.38 0.7 0.625 0.D.53 160.062 1.093 762.D.0 4.063 -0.75 44.625 15.030 19.38 4.083 5.109 2.040 -0.052 -0.018 -0.1 +1. “T” In.029 -0.031 0.437 11.531 -0.594 -0.3 6.334 -0.1 0.1 1.315 +0.781 -0.08 5.79 -0.7 +1.063 -0.259 +1.88 0.60 +1.078 2.062 1.9 1.

25 0.045 -0.79 -0.2 2.010 0.38 0.305 -0.9 +0./mm -In.005 4.092 -0.031 0.250 -0. END GUARD (EG) CUT GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS* -1Nom.38 6.031 0.022 0.61 +0.078 3.40 -0.063 -0.1 34 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.3 2.14 18.96 -0.13 -0.38 -0./mm In.031 0.38 0.25 268.562 +0.305 -0.714 +0.024 -0.60 +1. Only) Thick.015 0.29 0.188 4.27 14./mm Tol.605 +0.46 -0.078 4.6 2.25 0.89 +1./mm 2 50 2.084 6.015 0.6 8 200 250 300 0.094 12 12./mm -3Gasket Seat “A” -4Groove Width “B” -5Groove Diameter “C” Tol.60 +1.063 -0. Actual (+0.64 -0.75 7.015 0.005 2.400 -0.38 0.005 5.48 6.13 57./mm In.16 10.79 -0.27 318.030 0.8 4 100 0.0 2.3 219. IPS Pipe Size Actual In.500 +0.48 6.750 +0.0 21⁄2 65 2.255 -0.14 0.400 -0.154 4./mm -6- -7- Actual Tol.605 +0.1 323. Gruvlok EG fittings are grooved in accordance with these dimensions.015 0.CUT GROOVE END GUARD® SPECIFICATIONS A B T OD C D End Guard (EG) cut groove is designed for standard or heavier wall thickness pipe to be joined by HPR 7004 EG couplings.8 0.16 -0.562 -0.056 -0.79 14.3 73.75 10.13 -0.13 -0. Groove Allow. Depth Wall (Ref.255 -0.005 6. 0.2 5 125 0.1 2.09 84.56 -0.38 0.61 -0.010 0.219 5.720 -0.15 69.250 6.305 -0.020 0.37 18.344 -0.015 0.2 6 150 0.714 +0.031 0.03 163.255 -0.14 18.018 0./mm Min.605 +0.Actual In.25 0.16 10.76 1.79 -0.4 2.875 +0.562 +0.031 0.75 7.14 +1.027 0.188 4.029 0.025 0.063 -0.69 -0.625 +0.010 0.035 -0.27 14.005 3.625 +0.279 7.74 +0.714 +0.062 60.203 5.015 0.56 -0.3 141.085 8.005 2.51 -0.455 -0./mm In.+/.334 -0.015 0./mm In.25 -0. “D” “T” In./DN(mm) In.010 8.9 114.13 -0.0 2.031 0.018 0.010 12.024 0.010) -In.031 0.74 -0. In.063 -0.375 +0.46 -0.531 -0.08 137.203 5.441 -0.94 110.79 -0.79 -0.400 -0.37 15.60 +1./mm -2Pipe Outside Diameter Tolerance +In.022 0.010 10.395 -0.1 2.48 7.42 +1.8 3 80 0.238 6.1 10 10.38 0.500 +0.254 214.0 88.750 +0.083 5.109 *Refer to additional notes on page 32.029 -0.79 -0.60 -0.11 .3 168.563 +0.37 15.4 0.1 273.562 +0.27 15.13 -0.

/mm -In.078 4.610 -0.020 0.875 +0.063 -0.109 *Refer to additional notes on page 32.91 9.625 +0.750 +0.79 -0.51 -0.020 0.018 0.53 +14.42 +1.031 0.572 -0.015 2./mm In.69 -0.300 +0.26 +18.51 -0.083 2.250 +0.750 +0.500 +0.020 0.031 0.53 +14.79 -0. Only) Thick.562 -0.51 -0.083 2.719 -0.1 2.9 +0.250 -0.79 +14.49 +18.76 1.51 -0.441 -0.020 0.109 2.3 73.8 10 10.300 +0.395 -0.015 2.51 57.35 7./mm -6- -7- Actual Tol.134 3.3 219.9 114.15 69.094 12 12./mm -2Pipe Outside Diameter Tolerance +In./mm In./mm In.572 -0.031 0./mm Min.015 3.49 +15.74 +0.375 +0.26 +18.063 -0.092 0.+/.8 6 150 0.022 0.020 0.91 9.64 -0.020 12.085 8.56 -0.020 8.078 3.029 -0.020 0.455 -0.719 -0. Data Installation Contents Flare OD .109 2.79 -0.0 2.1 3 80 0.020 10.62 7.51 -0.56 -0.156 4.7 21⁄2 65 2.60 -0.51 -0.51 0.38 0.024 -0.60 +1.030 0.390 +0.250 +0. IPS Pipe Size Actual In.51 0.027 0.51 0.025 0.029 0.Actual In.015 0.3 168.020 4.010) -In.083 2.6 2.0 88.38 0.46 -0.084 6.60 +1.531 -0.38 0.031 0.51 0.ROLL GROOVE END GUARD® SPECIFICATIONS A B T C D End Guard (EG) roll groove is designed for lightwall pipe to be joined by HPR 7004 EG couplings.53 +15.250 +0.79 -0.2 2.720 -0. Depth Wall (Ref.344 -0.018 0.020 0.610 -0.89 +1.022 0.27 318.500 +0.031 0.8 8 200 250 300 0.390 +0.334 -0. Groove Allow.09 84.390 +0.8 0.74 -0.0 APFH-12. “D” “T” In.1 5 125 0.083 5.91 0.46 -0.51 -0.35 6./mm 2 50 2.031 0.020 6.49 +15.79 -0.51 0.0 2.1 273./mm In. 0.96 214. END GUARD (EG) ROLL GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS* -1Nom.024 0.38 -0.60 +1.035 -0.08 137.14 +1.625 +0.29 -0.61 -0.572 -0.063 -0.62 7.065 1.35 6. Actual (+0.1 4 100 0.26 -0.610 -0.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 35 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.94 110.40 268.020 0.1 2.51 -0.020 0.3 141.300 +0.109 2.031 0.4 2.563 +0.045 -0.020 0.62 9.062 60.03 163.1 323.719 -0.056 -0./mm Tol.3 2. In.51 6.063 -0.020 5./mm -3Gasket Seat “A” -4Groove Width “B” -5Groove Diameter “C” Tol.51 -0.61 +0./DN(mm) In.4 0.79 -0.

Maximum allowable end flare diameter. seams.Nominal ASTM B 88 copper tubing size. C Gruvlok copper prep roll groove specifications for Types K. Measured at the most extreme tubing end diameter of the gasket seat area.D.11 .Groove depth: for reference only.The groove must be of uniform depth around the entire tubing circumference. (See column 7).Outside diameter of Copper Prep roll grooved copper tubing. 36 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. COLUMN 6 . M and DWV copper tubing COLUMN 1 . COLUMN 7 . COLUMN 4 . COLUMN 2 .GRUVLOK® ADVANCED COPPER METHOD (IPS) Copper Prep Specifications D A B T Connection Diameter Tub e O. Groove must conform to the groove diameter “C” listed in column 6. COLUMN 5 .Outside diameter of copper tubing in accordance with ASTM B 88. L. COLUMN 3 .Gasket seat and groove must be free from scores.Groove width is to be measured between vertical flank of the groove size walls. COLUMN 9 .Minimum allowable copper tube wall thickness which may be prepared to Gruvlok Copper-Prep specifications. chips. COLUMN 8 . rust or scale which may interfere with proper coupling assembly.

500 0.024 0.002 0.031 0.030 Actual Tol.30 1.74 57.05 141.500 0. Data Installation Contents .66 221.962 3 80 3.79 0.56 4 100 5 125 5.05 0.79 0.002 0.88 15.96 1.05 0.D./mm In.030" for 2" thru 3".469 8.875 0.79 0. Connection Dia.125 0.05 0.77 ± .002 3.05 60.002 5.05 21⁄2 2.625 0.447 54.015 0.60 1./mm In.002 0.74 8.125 0.88 15.05 168.74 88.334 -0.50 62.344 5. Only) T +0.020 0.0 66.4 104.88 19.084 DWV 5./mm –In./mm In.90 0.05 0.063 0.60 110.96 -0./mm +In.441 -0.58 116.063 0.035 0.05 0. and minimum O.344 -0.045" for 4" thru 6".022 0.05 0. (Ref.002 2. In.085 DWV 6.719 11.063 0.022 0.98 2.576 0.125 0.002 0.09 84. Seat Width Diameter “C” Groove Wall Tubing A B Depth D Thick Size Actual Tolerance Actual Tolerance ± .045 0.002 0.11 2.002 2.650 6.029 0.64 6 150 8 200 NOTES: Out of roundness: Difference between maximum O.74 8./mm 8.720 -0.625 0.566 4.625 0.002 4.344 2.625 0.625 0.625 0.344 6.94 -0.719 8.375 0.045 0.562 0.-8Gasket Groove Tube End Groove Allow Nom.625 0./mm 1.14 0.23 90.14 73.031 0./mm +In. measured at 90° must not exceed tolerance listed.60 0.08 -0.000 ± .46 -0. Flare Dia.344 4.46 -1- -2- -9Max.7 79./mm –In.15 1.004 8.6 206.250 -0.077 0.D.4 0.2 155.018 0.74 0.65 75.05 0.03 -0.05 0./mm In.74 8.03 0.56 163. The maximum allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0./DN(mm) In.74 8.28 1.625 0.083 DWV 4.74 8.125 0.77 Tubing Outside Dia.065 2.91 214.34 1. In.029 0.455 -0.15 -0.88 15.031 0.13 2.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 37 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.16 2.125 0.395 -0.10 219.42 0.46 2 50 65 2.40 -0.092 DWV 8.61 0.79 15.79 0.GRUVLOK COPPER PREP SPECIFICATIONS -3-4-5-6-7.031 0.060" for 8" measured from a true square line. 0.031 0.344 3.002 0.002 6.08 1.625 0.88 15.078 DWV 3.125 0.51 170.33 1.002 0.025 0. APFH-12.344 2.89 0.750 0.88 15.23 143. and 0.05 0./mm In.51 137.018 0.27 1.381 69.8 130./mm In.05 114.059 2./mm –In.030 ± .056 0.

625 0. grease and dirt which may interfere with gasket sealing. 38 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.4 0.002 54.220 1./mm In.51 0.1 3.2 5.050 1./mm In.5 0. Allowable tolerance from square cut ends is 0.999 152.08 -0.300 7.220 158. COLUMN 6 .125 0.6 7.3 1.54 -0.1 8. In.05 6.020 -0. Size In.5 0.053 1.05 0.220 208.300 7.002 0.8 4. the groove diameter must conform to column 5.76mm for sizes 2"-3".610 15.6 5.002 0.610 15.6 3.063 1.030"/0.Groove diameter must be of uniform depth for the entire circumference of the tubing. etc. “C” “A” “B” Groove +/– 0.6 4.14 -0.020 -0. indentations.300 7.6 0.6 0.7 69.019 102.5 0.11 .05 0.3 4./mm In.00 in.300 7.Nominal tubing size ASTM B88 COLUMN 2 .058 2.Gasket seat must be free from scores.029 51.300 7.Maximum flare diameter is the OD at the most extreme tubing diameter./mm In.05 0.002 66./mm – In.Groove width is to be free from chips.3 0.8 COLUMN 1 .999 126./mm In./mm + In.959 202.51 0.020 -0.020 -0.05 0. See column 6.2 1. dirt.083 2.002 0.720 1.002 8.002 0.GRUVLOK® CTS COPPER SYSTEM Roll Groove Specifications A B T Flare OD C D GRUVLOK CTS COPPER SYSTEM – ROLL GROOVE SPECIFICATIONS -1Nom.51 0.4 2.05 155.125 0. Max.220 81.125 0.125 0.Outside diameter of copper tubing per ASTM B88.05 0. COLUMN 4 .05 0.045"/1.03 in.002 0.14mm for sizes 4-8" COLUMN 3 .10 6.7 0.05 0.610 15. COLUMN 8 .002 0.025 76.125 0. -2Tubing Outside Diameter Actual Tolerance -3-4-5-6Gasket Seat Groove Width Groove Diameter Nom. Wall Flare “T” Diam.6 0.000 “D” In.51 -0.76mm +0.220 107.020 -0.0 0.51 0.05 0.065 2.5 0. Waste and Vent Piping) per ASTM B306.002 130. which may interfere with proper coupling assembly. COLUMN 7 .048 0.51 0./mm 2 2 ⁄2 3 4 5 6 8 1 2.610 15.05 0.51 0.020 -0. COLUMN 5 .053 1.76/–0. 0. roll marks.4 0. Tolerance Depth Actual +/– 0.Groove depth is for reference only.16 -0.125 0.6 2.020 -0.DWV (Drain.525 64.5 0.6 4./mm – In.2 0.300 7. +0.610 15.05 0./mm -7- -8- Min.03/–0.6 56.37 -0.050 0.220 132.610 15.002 79.3 DWV DWV DWV DWV DWV 3.84 -0.610 15.8 0.004 206.5 0.0 0.002 0.5 0.002 104.00mm +0.300 7.6 2.05 0.97 5.

FLEXIBLE COUPLINGS Figs.31⁄2" 4" . Fig. 7004 HPR are designed to provide a joint with the attributes of a welded or flanged connection. 7400. The available linear movement provided by Standard Gruvlok couplings is shown below: LINEAR MOVEMENT Sizes 1" . 7003. and coupling tolerances. Movement is possible in the Gruvlok coupling due to two factors: (1) designed-in clearance between the key of the coupling and the groove diameter and groove width. and (2) the gap between pipe ends joined by the coupling. The amount of angular flexibility varies for each coupling size and type. The values account for pipe. 7010 are the flexible couplings provided in the Gruvlok product line. ANGULAR MOVEMENT: FLEXIBLE COUPLING ANGULAR MOVEMENT Designed-in clearances allow limited deflection of the pipe joint within the coupling. APFH-12. 7000. 7401 and Fig.MOVEMENT Each flexible design Gruvlok coupling can provide for pipe system movement up to the design maximum for the specific size and type coupling being utilized.24" RIGID COUPLINGS Gruvlok rigid couplings Fig. 7001. The following information on movement applies to these flexible couplings. without introducing eccentric loads into the coupling joint. Data Installation Contents DESIGN FACTORS Gruvlok® Couplings . LINEAR MOVEMENT: FLEXIBLE COUPLING LINEAR MOVEMENT Linear movement is accommodated within the coupling by allowing the pipe ends to move together or apart in response to pressure thrusts and temperature changes. groove. Therefore. these joints would remain in strict alignment and would resist deflection and linear movement during service.11 Roll Groove Pipe 1 3 Cut Groove Pipe 1 3 ⁄32" ⁄32" ⁄16" ⁄16" Represents Linear Movement Capabilities θ θ/2 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 39 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. The maximum available angular movement of Gruvlok flexible couplings on roll groove joints is shown in the performance data for each coupling.

40 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. the coupling joints would have be installed with the pipe ends butted.11 . of Couplings = Tot . the number of couplings is determined as follows: No . A fully deflected coupling joint provides no linear movement capability.80" due to the temperature change . Movement per Coupling FOR OUR EXAMPLE: No .4° C) (at time of installation) . Therefore 10 couplings are needed POSITION OF COUPLINGS In order for the couplings to provide for the movement indicated by the above example.MOVEMENT .80". Maximum Oper . Temperature: 160° F (71 . Minimum Temperature: 40° F (4 .6. DESIGN QUESTION How many couplings are required to account for the thermal growth? AVAILABLE LINEAR MOVEMENT PER FLEXIBLE COUPLING: Using the table on page 39. of Couplings = (1 . additional joints may be required. COMBINED LINEAR & ANGULAR MOVEMENT The clearance in the grooved coupling joint. it would be necessary to install all couplings with the maximum gap between pipe ends. A partially deflected joint will not provide full linear movement capability. will allow a limited capability for combined linear and angular movement. 200 FEET Thermal expansion tables show this system will expand a total of 1 .187") = 9 . In systems where both are expected.80") / (0 . The Gruvlok coupling will not allow for both maximum linear and maximum angular movement simultaneously.188" linear movement per coupling (4" Flexible Coupling) COUPLINGS REQUIRED As indicated above. Thus. Conversely.APPLICATIONS Gruvlok® Couplings THERMAL MOVEMENT A sufficient amount of coupling joints must be provided to accommodate the calculated movement (expansion or contraction) in a pipe run or segment thereof . we see that there is 0 . EXAMPLE: A 200 foot long straight run of 4" steel cut grooved pipe between anchor points. the total movement is 1 .1° C) . Movement / Avail . thus accommodating the “shrink” of the pipe system. if the thermal movement was contraction due to a reduction of system temperature.

and service resumed. The pipe may then be rotated one-quarter turn. ETC The flexible design of the Gruvlok coupling makes it ideal for use in a wide variety of systems in which random Pitched for Drainage changes of the pipe direction can be accommodated by the Gruvlok coupling’s angular deflection capability rather than requiring the use of special fittings. APFH-12.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 41 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Buried Pipe Systems Pitched drainage systems. The additional stress from the combined movement is therefore relieved. or other similar movements.APPLICATIONS Gruvlok® Couplings . For Expansion In the example above. the couplings retightened. ROTATIONAL MOVEMENT: Piping systems designed with Gruvlok Couplings can accommodate minor rotational movement from thermal expansion. For pipe rotation. settlement. the pipe life of a slurry or similar coarse material piping system can be extended. Data Installation Contents MOVEMENT . two couplings were added to account for thermal expansion and the other couplings accommodate only the misalignment. BURIED SYSTEMS. CURVE LAYOUT DRAINAGE. and exposed pipe systems laid on rough ground are but a few of the many types of pipe installations that present conditions where the functional capability of the Gruvlok coupling are useful. However. buried pipe systems where pipe laying conditions are subject to settlement. If performed on a regular basis. Gruvlok Couplings should never be used as a continuous swivel joint. pipe rotation will evenly distribute wear over the entire inner surface of the pipe. vibration.COMBINED LINEAR & ANGULAR MOVEMENT Continued For Deflection NOTE: Fully Deflected Joint Will Not Allow For Linear Expansion. the system must be shut down and internal pressure relieved. EXAMPLE: Before Pipe Rotation After Pipe Rotation Utilizing the rotational capability of the Gruvlok Coupling.

13 10.8 0. 1 0° 49' 0° 51' 0° 50' 17.8 76. 7011 Nominal Size 30 O. 7010 Deflection from C L Nominal Size Per Coupling of Pipe In.0 0.1 11⁄4 32 0.20 139.11 8. 0.D.13 10.07 5./ft-mm/m In.06 5.04 3.05 3. 7001.0 61⁄2 O.0 51⁄2 O.9 In.20 16.D.06 4.7 6 150 6 ⁄4 O. 7000.9 4x3 100 x 80 0.09 7.11 8.08 6.9 133. 14.9 0.20 16. 787.D.06 4.3 14 350 0.17 14.1 0.25 20.8 31⁄2 90 0.8 21⁄2 x 2 65 x 50 0.5 3x2 80 x 50 0.4 0.11 42 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .16 13.0 0.13 10. 7001-2 & 7003 Nominal Size 1 25 FIG.26 6x4 150 x 100 0.8 4 x 21⁄2 100 x 65 0.17 14.1 6x5 150 x 125 0.D. 17.D.1 3 80 0° 31' 0° 27' 1° 12' 1° 16' 10. 733.13 4x2 100 x 50 0.9 2 50 0./DN(mm) Degrees(˚)-Minutes(') 1° 22' 1° 5' 0° 57' 0° 45' 0° 37' 0° 36' 0.9 28" O.23 18.20 16.8 4 100 41⁄4 O.DEFLECTION FROM CENTERLINE Gruvlok® Couplings FIG.8 5x4 125 x 100 0.0 APFH-12.8 0.21 8x6 200 x 150 0.13 10.25 20.17 14.7 12 300 0.1 8 200 0° 37' 0° 30' 0° 25' 0° 23' 0° 20' 0° 18' 0° 16' 0° 13' 0° 11' 0° 10' 13.9 18 450 0.11 8./DN(mm) Degrees(˚)-Minutes(') 0.11 8.9 0. 750 Deflection from C L Per Coupling 0° 16' 159./DN(mm) Degrees(˚)-Minutes(') In.D.7 16 400 0./ft-mm/m Deflection from C L Per Coupling of Pipe In./ft-mm/m 165.9 21⁄2 65 3 O.09 7.2 20 500 0.4 0.1 0.25 20.0 5 125 51⁄4 O.2 30" O.7 10 250 0.1 3 x 21⁄2 80 x 65 0. 0° 58' 1° 2' 0° 59' 22.18 FIG.04 3.9 0.16 13.17 of Pipe In.29 23.D. 0.8 2 x 11⁄2 50 x 40 0° 45' 0° 37' 0° 31' 0° 31' 1° 12' 1° 12' 1° 12' 1° 58' 0° 49' 0° 49' 0° 37' 0.25 20.1 108.4 0.D.D.9 11⁄2 40 0.7 24 600 0.

125.1. 400. 200 11⁄2. 159. 500. 1 ⁄4. 787. 61⁄2 O. 3 O. 80 100. 6 x 4. 2. 50. 20. 76. 100. 7401 Rigidlok Coupling Fig. 7001-2 Standard Coupling Fig. 76. 24 350.. 500. 3 x 21⁄2 50 x 40. 50.7. 16. 3 25. 150. 2. 11⁄4. 65. 108. 5. 32./mm In.D. 11⁄2. 300.D. 10./mm 3 In. 125. 51⁄2 O. 11⁄4. 18./DN(mm) In. 100 x 80.D. 250.D. 350. 400. 61⁄2 O. 4 x 3. 150. 50. 600 1. Data Installation Contents RANGE OF PIPE END SEPARATION Gruvlok® Couplings Nominal Coupling Sizes (In. 200 1. 80 x 50. 2..D. 21⁄2. 50.57) 1 1. 400. 450. 31⁄2 25. 200.. 125. 65. 16. 600. 5. 5./mm In. 12. 10. 21⁄2. 24.D.11 1 ⁄2 40 1 1 ⁄16-1 ⁄2 30-38 3 1 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 43 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. 90 4. 7401-2 Rigidlok Coupling 0-1⁄32 (0-0./mm 1. 6. 8. 7042 Outlet Coupling Nominal Pipe Size Nominal Pipe Size Range of Range of Outlet Pipe End Outlet Pipe End Run Run FPT F MPT/Grv.. 7001 Standard Coupling Fig. 51⁄2 O.1.D. 3 x 2.D. 12. M/G Separation In. 6. 41⁄4 O. 50.D. 32. 600 Fig. 80. 450. 21⁄2.. 65.RANGE OF PIPE END SEPARATION Type of Coupling Fig.1. 6.D. 8. 32.D. 14. 139. 5.7 150. 150. 32. (750mm) Coupling is 0-9/64 (0-3.1. 7400 Rigidlite Coupling Fig. 4 x 21⁄2. 16. 100 x 65. 20. 8 1 25. 250. 200 x 150 The Range of Pipe End Separation for the 30" O. 7011 Standard Coupling Fig.D.. 125 x 100. 18. 500. 8 100. 80 4. 51⁄4 O.4 – – 14.0. 6. 21⁄2 x 2. 200. 150. 125. 7003 Hingelok Coupling Fig. 3 O. 40. 20.. 61⁄2 O.. 165. 90 4.0.79) In.38) In./DN(mm) . 76. 3.. 65 x 50. 3 O. 125. 3. 450./mm 3 3 3 In. 165. 2.0. 61⁄2 O. 150 x 125. 40. 600 – – 14. 65. 80 x 65 4 x 2./mm ⁄2 ⁄4 — — ⁄4-11⁄16 19-27 ⁄4 — — 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 11⁄2 40 15 3 20 — — ⁄4-11⁄16 19-27 3 80 1 25 1 25 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 20 1 25 1 — — ⁄4-11⁄16 19-27 — — 3 11⁄2 40 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 ⁄2 ⁄4 — — 11 11 11 ⁄16-1 ⁄16-1 ⁄16-1 4 100 ⁄4 — — 19⁄16-17⁄8 40-48 15 17-25 17-25 17-25 20 2 50 3 — — 1 25 — — 19⁄16-17⁄8 40-48 20 1 25 1 3 1 25 — — 11⁄2 40 19⁄16-17⁄8 40-48 ⁄2 ⁄4 — — 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 — — 2 50 19⁄16-17⁄8 40-48 15 20 — — 1 ⁄16-1 ⁄2 30-38 3 1 1 25 — — 15⁄8-115⁄16 41-51 21⁄2 65 1 25 — — 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 6 150 11⁄2 40 11⁄2 40 15⁄8-115⁄16 41-51 — — 11⁄4 32 13⁄16-11⁄2 30-38 — — 2 50 15⁄8-115⁄16 41-51 — — APFH-12.D. 21⁄2. 51⁄2 O.D. 3 40./mm 0-3⁄32 (0-2. 80 4. 8 100.1..4. 40. 20. 24 350... 150 x 100. 21⁄2. 5 x 4.. 7000 LW Flexible Coupling Fig. M/G Separation FPT F MPT/Grv. 500. 1 ⁄2.D. 18.1. 16./mm 1 In. 450. 31⁄2 25. 733.. 200 2 x 11⁄2. 28 O. 139. 350.D. 300./DN(mm) In. 65. 139. 76. 5.D. 80. 2. 61⁄4 O. 14.1. 3 4. 40.7. 11⁄2. 7010 Reducing Coupling Fig. 24 100.1. 18. 165. 6 x 5. 8 x 6 100 x 50. 30 O. 133. 3 O. 165. 400. 11⁄2. 6. 11⁄4.

3 5. 76.9 3.8 ft (3. 108.4 2.3 139.4 2.4 21.1 3.6 6.6 0.996 0.8 23.0 10.375 60.3 7.7 5.5 32.375 9.2 1.1 10 250 10.2 10.0 4.237 6.8 5.0 2.0 0./m Tee 45° Ft.9 2.4 108.1 20.8 20.3 5.0 133. 2.3 16.375 9.000 406.7 0.6 6.0 50.2 0.8 12.D.0 16 400 16.2 19.9 8. 44 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 139.4 5.4 1.7 5.3 0.6 2.4 1.8 17.1 12 300 12.3 1.6 2.7 34.5 0.0 1.1 0.1 0.322 8.0 15.5 8.3 3.5 113.0 51⁄2 O.8 2 50 2.2 9.3 0.2 4.D.1 6.7 11⁄2 40 1.2 0./DN(mm) O.9 0.3 For the reducing tee and branches.0 165.7 5 125 61⁄4 O.000 609.375 9.5 22.140 3.0 4.3 0.0 8.5 20 500 20.8 3.3 0.7 2.375 9.5 26.500 6.3 5.0 3.6 0.1 1.625 219.563 141.500 7.4 6.2 13.5 38.7 16.0 4.220 1.1 8 200 8.4 64.1 9.0 5.2 0.6 41.4 12. In.280 7.4 8.5 5.0 6.5 8.8 1.6 0.D.280 3.4 24.4 8.133 3. 159.3 4.3 29.7 0.1 7.7 2.4 24.258 6.7 5.6 31.7 2.1 2.5 28.0 3.0 61⁄2 O. use the value that is corresponding to the branch size.3 76.8 2.1 0.2 4.4 40.5 7.3 10.3 4.1 1.0 10.259 6.8 1.11 .000 508.1 14 350 14.6 0.4 0. For example: for 6" x 6" x 3" tee.5 25.280 2./m 1 25 1.3 12.1 6.0 2.3 6.7 0.D.9).9 3.8 10.250 5.2 73.9 16.315 33.9 16.D.1 8.500 88.6 7.1 10.7 0.0 21⁄2 65 3 O.3 0.1 1.6 0.197 4. 133.5 1 ⁄4 32 1 1.4 0./mm Elbow 90° Ft.3 4.9 0.2 6.000 355.7 1.2 6.145 3./m Run Ft.1 20.1 0.4 8.375 9.9 11.3 4.5 0.660 42.6 9.216 5./m Branch Ft.1 6 150 165.2 4.8 25.1 1.000 457.0 0.375 9.900 48.365 9.1 13.8 3.203 5.0 6.5 5.D.5 8./mm Pipe Wall Thickness In.6 24 600 24.1 9.5 20.7 5.7 2.3 2.3 7.8 4.0 18 450 18.0 8.GRUVLOK® FITTING FOR GROOVED-END PIPE FLOW DATA – FRICTIONAL RESISTANCE (EXPRESSED AS EQUIVALENT STRAIGHT PIPE) Nominal Size In.2 26.4 6.6 25.4 2.154 3.9 22.2 0.0 1.7 7.6 22.7 2.0 6.D.0 33.1 3.3 0.6 2.0 34.7 0.3 4.0 7.1 1.0 10.1 10.7 159.3 0.3 1.8 97.500 114. the branch value of 3" is 12.0 1.7 2.1 0.248 2.6 9.1 3.2 20.9 31.9 7.750 323.236 5.0 6.0 0.4 1.0 10.4 1.1 1.4 1.0 6.0 4 100 51⁄4 O.7 1.248 2.1 3.875 73.9 6.750 273.0 87.625 168.1 1.6 3.9 4.1 3 80 41⁄4 O.2 3.3 2.7 3.4 0.0 6.

contact an Anvil Rep. 2.500 114. 108.900 48.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 45 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.0 4 100 51⁄4 O. all others are fabricated steel.660 42. for more information.9 102 4 1 ⁄4 C 108 64 21⁄2 C 64 101 41⁄4 C 108 31⁄2 90 41⁄4 O.D. APFH-12.D.9 10 C 254 51⁄4 C 133 10 C 254 C .D. Data Installation Contents .0 51⁄2 O.D. 139.Cast malleable or ductile iron.750 323.625 168./DN(mm) Center to End Dimensions O./mm FIG.0 6. In.3 2 3 ⁄4 C 70 13⁄4 C 44 23⁄4 C 70 2 50 2.3 31⁄4 C 83 2C 51 3 1 ⁄4 C 83 21⁄2 65 3 O.1 6 150 165.250 4 1 ⁄2 C 114 43⁄4 C 23⁄4 C 70 27⁄8 C 41⁄2 C 114 43⁄4 C 108.1 9C 229 43⁄4 C 121 9C 229 12 300 12. 7060 TEE In.0 61⁄2 O./mm FIG.500 88.D. 7051 45˚ ELBOW In.0 4.7 5 125 61⁄4 O.996 3 3 ⁄4 C 95 4C 21⁄4 C 57 21⁄2 C 33⁄4 C 95 4C 76.D.0 2./mm FIG.259 133 5 1 ⁄2 C 140 6C 83 31⁄4 C 83 31⁄2 C 140 51⁄2 C 140 6C 159.563 141.1 73⁄4 C 197 41⁄4 C 108 73⁄4 C 197 10 250 10.D.D. Center to end dimensions may differ from those shown in chart.500 152 61⁄2 C 89 31⁄2 C 152 61⁄2 C 165./mm 1 25 1.3 6.315 33.D.1 6. 159.3 5.500 133 51⁄4 C 83 31⁄4 C 133 51⁄2 C 139.4 21⁄4 C 57 13⁄4 C 44 21⁄4 C 57 1 ⁄4 32 1 1.000 101. 133.6 4.GRUVLOK® FITTING FOR GROOVED-END PIPE C to E C to E C to E O.375 60.0 5.1 3.1 3 80 76. C to E O.236 121 5C 127 51⁄4 C 83 3C 76 31⁄4 C 121 5C 127 51⁄4 C 133.D.7 5. 4. 7050 90˚ ELBOW In.875 73.2 2 ⁄4 C 70 3 1 ⁄4 C 44 3 23⁄4 C 70 11⁄2 40 1.750 273. O.3 165 6 1 ⁄2 C 165 89 31⁄2 C 89 165 61⁄2 C 165 8 200 8. GRUVLOK FITTINGS Nominal Size In.625 219.

8. all others are fabricated steel. 11⁄2.11 . 7072 CONCENTRIC REDUCER Nominal Size In. 40. 200 6 152 31⁄2 x 3 90 x 80 3 76 12 x 4. 32. 100. 21⁄2. 1 ⁄4. 10 300 x 100. 3*. 100. 150. 65. 125. 2*. 150 5 127 3 x 1. 11⁄2. 80. 40. 1 ⁄2. 11⁄4./mm End to End In. 2* 65 x 25. 65. 50 1 1 1 2 ⁄2 64 1 8 x 3. 250 7 178 * . 8 250 x 100. 6. 40 21⁄2 64 6 x 1. 100 1 31⁄2 89 2 x 1. 11⁄2. 21⁄2* 80 x 25.GRUVLOK® FITTING FOR GROOVED-END PIPE E to E O. 11⁄4*. 31⁄2 100 x 25. 150. 65 21⁄2 64 10 x 4. 32 1 2 ⁄2 64 1 5 x 2. 125. 40.D. 32. 125 4 102 2 ⁄2 x 1. 4*./mm 11⁄4 x 1 32 x 25 21⁄2 64 1 4 x 1. 46 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 80. 11⁄2* 50 x 25. 3*. 4*. 3. 32. 50. 4* 125 x 50. 1 ⁄4 40 x 25.Cast malleable or ductile iron. 2*. 5* 150 x 25. 90 3 76 1 ⁄2 x 1. 5. 6*./DN(mm) FIG. 200. 6* 200 x 80. 40. 32. 50. 65. 2*. GRUVLOK FITTINGS FIG. 21⁄2*. 50./DN(mm) End to End In. 80. 2 ⁄2. 11⁄4. 7072 CONCENTRIC REDUCER Nominal Size In. 5.

679 2.620 96.2487 0.364 0. It is interesting to note that the formula uses the “outside diameter” of pipe and is sometimes referred to as the “outside diameter formula. in inches APFH-12.500 4.000 1. in psi D = outside diameter of pipe.984 2.500 5.067 2.383.826 Gallons in One Linear Foot (Gallons) 0.793 7.1743 0.6613 1.049 1.269 0.050 1.800 754.580 9.878 1.790 14.360 473.675 0.900 2. in psi S = unit stress.493 0.5136 0.981 10.425 0.275 70.0449 0.620 18.479 14.469 3.312 7.STANDARD WEIGHT PIPE DATA Nominal Pipe Diameter (Inches) ⁄8 ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 5 6 8 10 1 1 Actual Inside Diameter (Inches) 0.913 30.526.273 2.198 4.030 166.660 1.610 2.0777 0.733 49.3840 0.625 10.405 0.563 6.548 4.0393 1.565 11.000 4.750 Weight per Foot (Pounds) 0. Data Installation Contents .380 1.653 5.131 1.970 28.540 0.0158 0.0030 0.718 3.315 1.625 8.0963 Barlow's Formula Barlow’s Formula is a safe.047 6.0054 0.622 0. The formula predicts bursting pressures that have been found to be safely within the actual test bursting pressures.020 Actual Outside Diameter (Inches) 0.245 0.5988 4.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 47 Gruvlok Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.5008 2.910 270.1058 0.0277 0.840 1.875 3.110 10.824 1.065 7.375 2.077 19.550 40.851 1.480 Length in Feet containing One Cubic Foot (Feet) 2.568 0. in inches t = wall thickness.0099 0. easy method for finding the relationship between internal fluid pressure and stress in the pipe wall.” P = (2 • t • S) / D Where: P = internal units pressure.068 3.026 5.

191 0.065 0.11 5 .200 0.140 0.126 0.10 for carbon steel.120 0.049 - - 0.049 0.191 0.109 0.382 0.237 0.119 0.337 0. 1.065 0.147 0.203 0.500 5.147 0.145 0.750 2.065 0.179 0.065 0. or specifically: ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 3 ⁄4 1 1 ⁄4 1 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 APFH-12.563 0.216 0.068 0.095 0.154 0.083 0.119 0.119 0.133 0.900 2.109 0.437 0.500 4.145 0.120 0.120 0.250 0.065 0.405 - 0.675 0.200 0.226 0.095 - - - - 0.218 0.083 0.126 0.145 0.216 0.375 0.258 0.140 0.068 - 0.375 2.109 0.133 0.187 0.660 1.315 1.154 0.276 0.109 0.226 0.113 0.154 0.500 0.218 0.258 0.120 0.109 0.083 0.065 0.600 0.308 0.226 0.318 0.134 0.840 1.276 0.276 0.203 0.875 3.344 0.065 0.179 0.294 0.133 0.300 0.083 0.083 0.091 0.109 0.625 0.237 0.219 0.636 0.674 0.120 0.088 0.109 0.531 0.203 0.109 0.337 0. (IN) Size 1 ⁄8 0.147 0.120 0.436 0.120 0.237 0.400 0.065 0.126 0.48 COMMERCIAL PIPE SIZES AND WALL THICKNESSES Sch 5S Sch 10 Sch 10S Sch 20 Sch 30 Sch Std.065 0.091 0. Commercial Pipe Sizes and Wall Thicknesses This table lists standard pipe sizes and wall thicknesses. Outside Pipe Dia. 140 Sch.109 0. Pipe wall thickness in ASME B36.318 0.300 0.083 0.088 0.200 0.552 0.120 0. Traditional standard weight.258 0.088 0.050 1.216 0.281 0.375 0.113 0.218 0.083 0.375 0.375 0.134 0.300 0. 160 X XX Strong Strong Nom.095 - 1 ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 0. extra strong & durable extra strong pipe.140 0.109 0.438 0. NOMINAL WALL THICKNESS FOR Sch Sch Sch Sch Sch 40 40S 60 80 80S Sch 100 Sch 120 Sch.337 0.083 0.540 0.109 0.179 0.109 0.191 0.154 0.068 0.250 0.113 0.000 4.358 0.154 0.318 0.065 0.154 0.091 0.

875 2.719 0.125 1.625 0.844 0.656 0.406 0.500 0.165 0.500 0.938 1.500 1.594 22.500 0.188 0.5% under nominal due to mill tolerance.344 0.375 0.218 0.322 0.750 1.719 0.750 0.500 0.148 0.000 0.500 1.594 0.000 12.250 0.500 0.134 - - 0.688 0.500 1.165 0.250 1.375 0.375 0.500 0.125 0.500 0.625 0.750 0.375 0.375 0. Data Installation Contents .165 0.280 0.719 0.500 0.312 0.000 1.688 0.500 0.375 0.148 0.312 0.134 0.438 16.500 0.625 0.000 28.750 0.312 0.250 0.000 36.375 0.000 0.875 6.625 0.625 0.406 0.312 0.500 0.906 0.000 0. Pipe wall thickness in ASTM Specification A409 & ASME B36.844 1.312 0.594 0.156 0.432 0.625 1.500 0.11 6 8.031 1.562 0.125 0.969 0.180 0.000 0.250 0.250 0.864 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 3.500 1.625 0.250 0.432 - 0.375 0.562 20.375 0.500 0.307 0.750 0.094 1. 49 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.277 0.500 1.625 0.280 0. ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 42 All dimensions shown are in inches.375 0.812 0.156 1.125 0.562 1.250 0.219 1.375 0.365 0.500 0.156 0.219 0.000 0.500 0.875 1.500 0.688 0.000 14.000 34.000 0.375 0.562 0.500 0.031 0. NOTE: All dimensions in inches & thicknesses are nominal or average wall thickness.322 0.500 0.134 0.406 0.312 0.188 0.500 0.432 0.625 10.218 0.375 1.250 0.218 0.750 0.250 0.500 18.594 0.375 1.000 0.969 1.062 2.375 0.000 30.365 0.375 0.312 0.250 26.375 0.APFH-12.280 - 0.594 0.375 0.322 0.312 0.500 1.438 1.688 0.188 0.19 & applicable only to corrosion resistant materials.750 0.938 0.531 1.365 0.500 1.109 0. Actual thickness may be as much as 12.188 0.375 0.500 0.375 32.438 0.812 2.330 0.000 1.188 0.165 0.000 0.000 42.500 0.844 1.312 0.281 1.180 0.781 0.500 0.375 0.312 0.109 0.562 - 0.375 24.812 1.250 0.500 1.312 0.500 0.

937 0.133 0.272 2.000 4.000 171.660 7.203 0.000 171.750 0.678 2.700 97.000 297.315 1.101 0.600 88.500 44.147 0.000 0.631 3.154 0.000 18.200 0.510 11.567 0.022 5.200 2.087 1.400 174.186 0.870 12.200 286.780 18.091 0.218 0.625 8.500 0.179 0.400 53.500 0.250 9.980 8. 3 O.882 0.226 0.318 0.875 3.675 0.216 0.000 107.000 24.750 12.500 69.563 0.400 109.550 43.473 1.375 0.996 2.230 0.593 0.437 0.717 3.000 137.647 0.593 1.258 0.276 0.000 20.500 5. Weight of Water per Foot Lbs.500 0.072 1.980 14.570 28.000 83.790 14.660 1.000 417.563 6.Steel Pipe Data SCHEDULE NO.280 0.860 4.390 40.765 1.D. Wall Thickness In.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .000 158.100 31.000 209.406 0.191 0.113 0.130 1.620 20.000 APFH-12.365 0.100 48.000 30.140 0.300 0.200 88.834 3.337 0.154 0.850 5.279 2.083 0.031 0. Weight per Foot Lbs.000 36. In.280 3.000 1 3 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 36 50 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 40 80 20 API 0.109 0.687 1.500 4.126 0.510 4.375 2.200 76.687 0.570 10.500 51.790 7.000 190.500 0.374 0. ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄4 0.000 58.322 0.452 1.970 28.625 10.510 10.900 2.800 34.000 123.200 158.311 0.132 0.480 64.000 105.290 21.75 14.652 5.840 1.237 0. Schedule No.050 1. 40 & 80 Pipe Size In.850 1.600 19.061 0.600 63.555 0.738 0.110 12.171 2.843 0.660 7.000 16.432 0.218 0.500 120.145 0.

035 0. Weight of Water per Foot Lbs.800 0.125 12.125 3.290 5.337 0. O.11 1 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 11⁄8 13 ⁄ 8 15 ⁄ 8 21⁄8 25⁄8 31⁄8 35 ⁄ 8 41⁄8 51⁄8 61⁄8 81⁄8 101⁄8 121⁄8 3 0.110 0.Copper Tube Data TYPE L Tube Size In.045 0.125 3.034 0.362 0.625 3.120 6.125 5.920 4.125 10.310 2.065 0.870 25.083 0.380 7. ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 APFH-12.250 0.767 1.750 0.000 5.500 30.125 8.527 0. O.900 5. Weight of Water per Foot Lbs.200 19.062 0.750 2.546 0.198 0.125 1.375 1.125 2.610 10.625 0.125 6.625 2. Tubing In.081 11.151 0.655 0.269 0.590 45.060 8.140 1.040 0.188 0.134 0. In.120 0.100 0.280 0.125 5.160 0.040 1. O.300 57.D.670 13.125 1.080 0.144 0. Wall Thickness In.050 0.400 0. Tubing In.090 0.375 0.192 0. Data Installation Contents .500 0.743 1.375 1.125 0.405 0.675 51 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.200 0.500 0. O.200 19.049 0.289 31.035 0.875 1.625 4.072 0.032 0.125 2.375 0.D.100 0.125 6.064 2.290 30.140 0.100 40.357 0.109 0.839 1.750 0.480 3.360 2.126 0.949 3.060 0.338 0.145 0.341 2.049 0.616 20. Weight per Foot Lbs.625 2.125 0.285 0.510 9.426 TYPE K Tube Size In.900 40.641 0.418 0.094 0.344 0.875 1. ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 1 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 11⁄8 1 3⁄8 1 5⁄8 21⁄8 25⁄8 31⁄8 3 5⁄8 41⁄8 51⁄8 61⁄8 81⁄8 101⁄8 121⁄8 3 0. In.065 0.070 0.625 4.065 0.125 12.042 0.125 8.884 1.030 0.D.209 0.049 0.989 5.095 0.330 4.423 43.000 11.055 0.060 2.455 0.D. Wall Thickness In.271 0.125 0.960 3. Weight per Foot Lbs.625 0.000 2.125 10.625 3.055 0.188 8.

except use Grade A for close coiling. (When tension.000 30. flattening (obsolete) or bend test required. welded steel pipe suitable for A 120 ordinary uses.000 35.000 30.000 35. (1) A106 B 60.5+ 56t 35 – – . A 53 A 48. A 135 A 48.048 max . flanging & similar forming operations. 17. 6.52 ASTM CARBON STEEL PIPE AND FLANGE SPECIFICATIONS Elongation (% in 2") STD Round C MN P Chemical Composition.5+ 56t 35 OR (4) or 12 trans.048 max . gas or vapor.5+ 32t 16. except use Grade A for close coiling.30 max .06 . ASTM Carbon Steel Pipe and Flange Specifications ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK (1) A106 A 48.5+ 56t OR (4) or 20 trans.5+ 40t 28 long. % S Rectangular 5 ⁄16" 5⁄16" t Description and Applications Spec No.000 . & other special purposes. cold bending or forge welding. cold bending or forge welding.000 – 17. suitable for bending.000 (2) – (3) – As above.060 max .11 Resistance welded steel pipe for liquid.27 to.93 Seamless milled steel pipe for hightemperature service. flanging.000 28 long. ASTM Grade or Strength Type PSI Yield Point or Strength PSI PIPE AND TUBING 35 .050 max .27 to 1. 12. 17.000 22 15+ 48t 30 (2) – (3) – Black or hot-dip galvanize seamless or res.000 30.058 max As above. suitable for welding. bending. A 53 B 60. order to A-53).25 max 25 .5 28 17. – – – – – – – – – – – APFH-12.058 max Black or hot-dip galvanize seamless or res-welded steel pipe suitable for coiling.5+ 56t 35 .

90 max . Heat treatment is not required. may be annealed or normalized. (4) Longitudinal or transverse direction of test specimen with respect to pipe axis (5) When flanges will be subject to fusion welding.10% silicon minimum.000 – 15+ 48t 30 – – .APFH-12. carbon content shall be ≤0.90 max .11 max.000 35.35%. (6) Factor-made Wrought Carbon Steel and Ferritic Alloy Steel Welding Fitting Specifications are covered under ASTM A234.35 (5) max . fittings (6) values and parts for high temperature service.35%.050 max.05 max .35 (5) max .000 36. A105 I 60.000 22 – – .000 36.000 30.050 max .35%.05 max . acid bessemar 0.05 max .000 25 – – .048 max. The silicon content shall be ≤0. FLANGES B 60.90 max .000 30.05 max .35 (5) max . except use Grade A for flanging & bending.05 max . 0. Res. If carbon is ≤0.05 max . A 135 FORGED PIPE. welded: open hearth 0.11 As above.000 18 – – I 60.000 22 – – II 70. As above ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK (1) 0.35 (5) max . Data Installation Contents .05 max As above A 105 A 181 A 181 II 70.05 max As above except for general service. Heat treatment required. 53 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.060 max Forged or rolled steel pipe flanges.90 max . it may be necessary to add silicon to meet required tensile properties. (2) Open hearth.13 max for 1⁄8" and 1⁄4" size resistance welded pipe only (3) Seamless: open hearth 0.

022 7.280 1. Copper ⁄2 ⁄4 0.450 104.882 1.23 1. Water ⁄2 ⁄4 0.580 9.648 0.132 0.30 1.997 3. 1 3 Weight of: Std.600 94.131 1.290 19.71 2.000 57.653 5.510 21.510 8.19 1.374 0.740 65.420 72.480 49.550 40.100 49.100 286.280 5.690 34.510 14.130 125.23 1.474 2.230 0.39 4.090 82.04 4.780 28.91 1.851 1.580 70.980 7.890 11.273 2.000 59.490 158.088 1.850 4.19 5.570 43.400 122.250 12.555 0.73 2.101 0.27 1.000 183.620 18.455 2.590 78.49 3.93 1.67 1.800 32.11 .580 54.10 5.78 2.661 10.679 2.12 0.980 20.29 3.100 101.22 1. Extra Strong Copper Yellow Brass Red Brass Lbs.99 5.67 2. Weight of: Water XS Pipe Lbs.800 291.63 3.82 2.172 2.01 0. Pipe Lbs.390 54.311 0.660 12.13 4.000 0.500 76.765 1.25 1.69 3.500 98.000 0.20 4.200 4.770 93.718 3.51 1. 1 3 Regular Yellow Brass Red Brass Lbs.PIPE AND WATER WEIGHT PER LINE FOOT Nominal Pipe Size In.56 3.200 126.300 47.51 3.700 79.837 2.39 3.62 2.793 7.110 10.076 3.200 1.620 119.790 14.46 4.631 5.800 180.864 3.970 28.570 62.80 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 54 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.188 0.96 1.200 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 WEIGHT PER FOOT OF SEAMLESS BRASS AND COPPER PIPE Nominal Pipe Size In.

Reducer Nominal B Nominal Nominal B A C C M WELD FITTINGS Nom.Weld Fittings –– 90˚ Elbow. 45˚ Elbow. Data Installation Contents . 3. 21⁄2 3 11⁄2 2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 All dimensions shown are in inches. Pipe Size 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 x x x x x x x 11⁄4. 3. ⁄4. ⁄4. Conc. 10 H 4 4 5 51⁄2 6 7 8 55 x x x x x x x ⁄8. Pipe Size ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 3 CONCENTRIC REDUCERS H Nom. 5 31⁄2. 2 11⁄4. 8 5. 11⁄4.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Weld Fitting and Pipe and Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. 1. 21⁄2. 3. 11⁄2 1. 11⁄2. 6. 21⁄2. 1 1 3 ⁄2. 4 21⁄2. 3 11⁄2. 31⁄2. APFH-12. 11⁄2. 5. ⁄4. 2. Tee. 5. 21⁄2. 11⁄4 3 ⁄4. 4. 1 3 ⁄2. 8. 1⁄2 3 1 3 ⁄8. H WELD FITTINGS CONCENTRIC REDUCERS Nom. 6 4. ⁄2. Pipe Size 90˚ ELBOWS Long R A Short R A 45˚ ELBOWS B STRAIGHT TEES C&M 1 11⁄8 11⁄2 17⁄8 21⁄4 21⁄2 3 33⁄8 33⁄4 41⁄8 47⁄8 55⁄8 7 81⁄2 10 ⁄2 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 3 1 1 ⁄2 11⁄8 11⁄2 17⁄8 21⁄4 3 33⁄4 41⁄2 51⁄4 6 71⁄2 9 12 15 18 1 –– –– 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 ⁄8 ⁄16 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 13⁄8 13⁄4 2 21⁄4 21⁄2 31⁄8 33⁄4 5 61⁄4 71⁄2 7 5 All dimensions shown are in inches. 6. 11⁄4. 2. 31⁄2 2. 11⁄2. 2. 4. 31⁄2. 1.

Pipe O Y(1) O Y(1) O Y(2) O Y(2) Size 1 ⁄2 31⁄2 17⁄8 33⁄4 21⁄16 33⁄4 21⁄16 33⁄4 21⁄16 3 ⁄4 37⁄8 21⁄16 45⁄8 21⁄4 45⁄8 21⁄4 45⁄8 21⁄4 1 41⁄4 23⁄16 47⁄8 27⁄16 47⁄8 27⁄16 47⁄8 27⁄16 11⁄4 45⁄8 21⁄4 51⁄4 29⁄16 51⁄4 25⁄8 51⁄4 25⁄8 11⁄2 5 27⁄16 61⁄8 211⁄16 61⁄8 23⁄4 61⁄8 23⁄4 2 6 21⁄2 61⁄2 23⁄4 61⁄2 27⁄8 61⁄2 27⁄8 21⁄2 7 23⁄4 71⁄2 3 71⁄2 31⁄8 71⁄2 31⁄8 3 71⁄2 23⁄4 81⁄4 31⁄8 81⁄4 31⁄4 81⁄4 31⁄4 31⁄2 81⁄2 213⁄16 9 33⁄16 9 33⁄8 9 33⁄8 4 9 3 10 33⁄8 10 31⁄2 103⁄4 4 5 10 31⁄2 11 37⁄8 11 4 13 41⁄2 6 11 31⁄2 121⁄2 37⁄8 121⁄2 41⁄16 14 45⁄8 8 131⁄2 4 15 43⁄8 15 45⁄8 161⁄2 51⁄4 10 16 4 171⁄2 45⁄8 171⁄2 47⁄8 20 6 12 19 41⁄2 201⁄2 51⁄8 201⁄2 53⁄8 22 61⁄8 (1) The 1⁄16" raised face is included in length thru Hub. “Y”.Weld Fittings –– Welding Neck Flanges Slip-on.† 600 LB. 600 LB.11 . 150 LB. 400 LB. All dimensions shown are in inches. Pipe O Y(1) Size 1 5 ⁄2 31⁄2 ⁄8 3 5 ⁄4 37⁄8 ⁄8 1 41⁄4 11⁄16 11⁄4 45⁄8 13⁄16 7 11⁄2 5 ⁄8 2 6 1 21⁄2 7 11⁄8 3 71⁄2 13⁄16 31⁄2 81⁄2 11⁄4† 4 9 15⁄16† 5 10 17⁄16† 6 11 19⁄16† 8 131⁄2 13⁄4† 10 16 115⁄16† 12 19 23⁄16† 300 LB. 150 LB. (2) The 1⁄4" raised face is not included in length thru Hub. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 400 LB. 300 LB. SLIP-ON. (2) The 1⁄4" raised face is not included in length thru Hub. All dimensions shown are in inches. “Y”. 56 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. “Y”. “Y”. Y(2) 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄16 11⁄8 11⁄4 17⁄16 15⁄8 113⁄16 115⁄16† 21⁄8† 23⁄8*† 25⁄8 † 3† 33⁄8† 35⁄8† Y(1) O 7 ⁄8 33⁄4 1 45⁄8 11⁄16 47⁄8 11⁄16 51⁄4 13⁄16 61⁄8 15⁄16 61⁄2 11⁄2 71⁄2 111⁄16 81⁄4 13⁄4† 9 17⁄8† 10 2† 11 21⁄16† 121⁄2 27⁄16† 15 25⁄8† 171⁄2 27⁄8† 201⁄2 Y(2) O 7 ⁄8 33⁄4 1 45⁄8 11⁄16 47⁄8 11⁄8 51⁄4 11⁄4 61⁄8 17⁄16 61⁄2 15⁄8 71⁄2 113⁄16 81⁄4 115⁄16 9 2 103⁄4 21⁄8 13 21⁄4 14 211⁄16 161⁄2 27⁄8 20 31⁄8 22 * Not available in Threaded type † Not available in Socket type (1) The 1⁄16" raised face is included in length thru Hub. THREADED AND SOCKET FLANGES Y O Y O Y O Nom. Threaded and Socket Flanges WELDING NECK FLANGES Y O Nom.

BLIND FLANGES Nom. APFH-12.Lap Joint Flanges Y O LAP JOINT FLANGES Nom. Y(2) 600 LB.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 57 Weld Fitting and Pipe and Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. O 31⁄2 37⁄8 41⁄4 45⁄8 5 6 7 71⁄2 81⁄2 9 10 11 131⁄2 16 19 Y(1) 7 ⁄16 1 ⁄2 9 ⁄16 5 ⁄8 11⁄16 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 15⁄16 15⁄16 15⁄16 15⁄16 1 11⁄8 13⁄16 11⁄4 300 LB. “Y”. Pipe Size 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 150 LB. “Y”. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 103⁄4 13 14 161⁄2 20 22 Y(2) 9 ⁄16 5 ⁄8 11⁄16 13⁄16 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 11⁄4 13⁄8 11⁄2 13⁄4 17⁄8 23⁄16 21⁄2 25⁄8 For Sizes 31⁄2 and Smaller use 600 LB. Data Installation Contents . O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 1⁄16" 400 LB. (2) The 1⁄4" raised face is not included in Thickness. Standard 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 13⁄8 11⁄2 15⁄8 17⁄8 21⁄8 21⁄4 (1) The 1⁄16" raised face is included in Thickness. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 Y O 600 LB. All dimensions shown are in inches. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 10 11 121⁄2 15 171⁄2 201⁄2 Y(1) 9 ⁄16 5 ⁄8 11⁄16 3 ⁄4 13⁄16 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 13⁄16 11⁄4 13⁄8 17⁄16 15⁄8 17⁄8 2 O 400 LB. O 31⁄2 37⁄8 41⁄4 45⁄8 5 6 7 71⁄2 81⁄2 9 10 11 131⁄2 16 19 Y 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 11 ⁄16 13 ⁄16 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄8 13⁄16 11⁄4 15⁄16 17⁄16 19⁄16 13⁄4 115⁄16 23⁄16 300 LB. Pipe Size 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 150 LB. O 33⁄4 45⁄8 47⁄8 51⁄4 61⁄8 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 9 103⁄4 13 14 161⁄2 20 22 Y ⁄8 1 11⁄16 11⁄8 11⁄4 17⁄16 15⁄8 113⁄16 115⁄16 21⁄8 23⁄8 25⁄8 3 43⁄8 45⁄8 7 Y 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄16 11⁄16 13⁄16 15⁄16 11⁄2 111⁄16 13⁄4 17⁄8 2 21⁄16 27⁄16 33⁄4 4 Y 7 ⁄8 1 11⁄16 11⁄8 11⁄4 17⁄16 15⁄8 113⁄16 115⁄16 2 21⁄8 21⁄4 211⁄16 4 41⁄4 All dimensions shown are in inches.

11 .D. 175 psi WOG) Size ⁄4 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 3 Flange Dia. EXTRA HEAVY CAST IRON COMPANION FLANGES AND BOLTS (for working pressures up to 250 psi steam.D. 58 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 400 psi WOG) Size 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 O. 31 ⁄ 2 41 ⁄ 4 45 ⁄ 8 5 6 7 71 ⁄ 2 81 ⁄ 2 9 10 11 131 ⁄ 2 16 19 21 231 ⁄ 2 Bolt Circle 21 ⁄ 2 31 ⁄ 8 31 ⁄ 2 37 ⁄ 8 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 2 6 7 71 ⁄ 2 81 ⁄ 2 91 ⁄ 2 113 ⁄ 4 141 ⁄ 4 17 183 ⁄ 4 211 ⁄ 4 No. 4 ⁄8 51 ⁄ 4 61 ⁄ 8 61 ⁄ 2 71 ⁄ 2 81 ⁄ 4 9 10 11 121 ⁄ 2 15 171 ⁄ 2 201 ⁄ 2 23 251 ⁄ 2 28 301 ⁄ 2 36 7 Bolt Circle 3 ⁄2 37 ⁄ 8 41 ⁄ 2 5 57 ⁄ 8 65 ⁄ 8 71 ⁄ 4 77 ⁄ 8 91 ⁄ 4 105 ⁄ 8 13 151 ⁄ 4 173 ⁄ 4 201 ⁄ 4 221 ⁄ 2 243 ⁄ 4 27 32 1 No.D.D. of Bolts 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 12 16 Bolt Size ⁄8 1 ⁄2 1 ⁄2 1 ⁄2 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 7 ⁄8 1 1 3 Bolt Length 2 21 ⁄ 4 21 ⁄ 4 21 ⁄ 2 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 3 3 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 4 4 41 ⁄ 2 41 ⁄ 2 All dimensions shown are in inches.D. 24 O. 18 O. Flange Dia. of Bolts 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 20 20 24 24 24 Bolt Size ⁄8 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 1 11 ⁄ 8 11 ⁄ 8 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 5 5 Bolt Length 21 ⁄ 2 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 33 ⁄ 4 33 ⁄ 4 41 ⁄ 4 41 ⁄ 4 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 2 53 ⁄ 4 61 ⁄ 2 61 ⁄ 2 63 ⁄ 4 71 ⁄ 8 8 All dimensions shown are in inches. 16 O.STANDARD CAST IRON COMPANION FLANGES AND BOLTS (for working pressures up to 125 psi steam. 20 O.

STEEL FLANGE 125/150 LB. Flange No.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 59 Bolt Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Pipe Size 1 3 250/300 LB. Bolt No. Flange Nom. Data Installation Contents Standards Tee-Let Installation Information .BOLT DIMENSIONS FOR 150 TO 300 LB. APFH-12. Bolt * Stud Bolt Bolt * Stud Bolt Bolt of Circle of Circle Length Length Diameter Length Length Diameter Bolts Diameter Bolts Diameter 23 ⁄ 8 2 ⁄4 31 ⁄ 8 3 ⁄2 37 ⁄ 8 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 2 6 7 7 ⁄2 8 ⁄2 91 ⁄ 2 113 ⁄ 4 141 ⁄ 8 17 18 ⁄ 4 211 ⁄ 4 223 ⁄ 4 25 271 ⁄ 4 291 ⁄ 2 31 ⁄ 4 36 401 ⁄ 2 423 ⁄ 4 491 ⁄ 2 3 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 5 3 3 3 7 7 ⁄2 ⁄4 ⁄2 ⁄2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 12 16 16 20 20 20 24 28 32 32 36 21 ⁄ 4 2 ⁄4 21 ⁄ 2 2 ⁄2 23 ⁄ 4 3 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 3 ⁄2 3 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 33 ⁄ 4 4 41 ⁄ 2 41 ⁄ 2 5 51 ⁄ 4 53 ⁄ 4 6 61 ⁄ 2 63 ⁄ 4 7 7 ⁄4 8 81 ⁄ 4 83 ⁄ 4 1 3 1 1 1 1 13 ⁄ 4 2 2 2 ⁄4 21 ⁄ 4 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 3 3 3 ⁄4 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 33 ⁄ 4 4 4 ⁄4 41 ⁄ 2 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 2 53 ⁄ 4 6 6 ⁄4 7 7 71 ⁄ 4 1 1 1 1 25 ⁄ 8 3 ⁄4 31 ⁄ 2 3 ⁄8 41 ⁄ 2 5 57 ⁄ 8 65 ⁄ 8 7 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 9 ⁄4 105 ⁄ 8 13 151 ⁄ 4 173 ⁄ 4 20 ⁄ 4 221 ⁄ 2 243 ⁄ 4 27 291 ⁄ 4 32 34 ⁄ 2 39 ⁄ 4 431 ⁄ 2 46 523 ⁄ 4 1 1 1 1 7 1 7 1 1 5 5 5 3 5 3 3 3 3 3 3 7 ⁄2 ⁄8 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 20 20 24 24 24 24 28 28 28 32 36 21 ⁄ 2 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 31 ⁄ 2 31 ⁄ 4 33 ⁄ 4 4 4 ⁄4 4 ⁄4 4 ⁄2 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 4 6 61 ⁄ 2 6 ⁄4 71 ⁄ 4 71 ⁄ 2 8 83 ⁄ 4 9 10 11 ⁄ 4 121 ⁄ 4 123 ⁄ 4 133 ⁄ 4 1 3 1 1 1 2 21 ⁄ 2 21 ⁄ 2 23 ⁄ 4 3 3 31 ⁄ 4 31 ⁄ 2 33 ⁄ 4 33 ⁄ 4 4 41 ⁄ 4 43 ⁄ 4 51 ⁄ 4 53 ⁄ 4 6 61 ⁄ 2 63 ⁄ 4 7 71 ⁄ 2 73 ⁄ 4 83 ⁄ 4 10 103 ⁄ 4 111 ⁄ 4 131 ⁄ 2 1 1 ⁄4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 3 ⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 30 34 36 42 1 1 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 1 11 ⁄ 8 1 ⁄8 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 11 ⁄ 2 1 ⁄8 1 ⁄4 17 ⁄ 8 2 2 3 5 1 1 1 11 ⁄ 8 11 ⁄ 8 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 4 1 ⁄4 1 ⁄4 11 ⁄ 2 11 ⁄ 2 11 ⁄ 2 1 1 *1⁄16" Raised Face Stud lengths for lap joint flanges are equal to lengths shown plus the thickness of two laps of the stub ends.

Flange Nom. 60 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. STEEL FLANGE 400 LB. Flange * Stud Length 3 3 ⁄4 31⁄2 3 ⁄4 4 4 41⁄2 43⁄4 5 ⁄4 5 ⁄4 6 ⁄2 53⁄4 61⁄2 71⁄4 7 ⁄4 8 81⁄2 83⁄4 91⁄2 10 10 ⁄2 11 ⁄2 13 133⁄4 14 161⁄4 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 1 Bolt Bolt Number Circle Diameter of Bolts Diameter 25⁄8 3 ⁄4 31⁄2 3 ⁄8 41⁄2 5 57⁄8 65⁄8 7 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 9 ⁄4 105⁄8 13 151⁄4 17 ⁄4 20 ⁄4 221⁄2 243⁄4 27 291⁄4 32 34 ⁄2 39 ⁄4 431⁄2 46 523⁄4 1 1 1 3 1 7 1 7 1 1 5 5 5 3 5 Bolt Bolt Number Circle Diameter of Bolts Diameter 25⁄8 3 ⁄4 31⁄2 3 ⁄8 41⁄2 5 57⁄8 65⁄8 7 ⁄4 8 ⁄2 10 ⁄2 111⁄2 133⁄4 17 19 ⁄4 20 ⁄4 233⁄4 253⁄4 281⁄2 305⁄8 33 36 40 ⁄4 441⁄2 47 533⁄4 1 3 1 1 1 1 7 1 1 5 5 5 3 5 * Stud Length 3 31⁄4 31⁄2 33⁄4 4 4 41⁄4 43⁄4 51⁄4 51⁄2 61⁄4 61⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄4 81⁄2 9 93⁄4 101⁄2 111⁄4 12 123⁄4 131⁄4 14 15 153⁄4 171⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄4 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 20 20 24 24 24 24 28 28 28 32 32 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 20 20 20 20 24 24 24 28 28 28 28 28 1 1 ⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 3 ⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 30 34 36 42 1 1 3 3 7 7 7 3 3 7 7 1 1 11⁄8 11⁄4 1 ⁄4 1 ⁄8 11⁄2 15⁄8 15⁄8 13⁄4 1 ⁄8 1 ⁄8 2 21⁄4 21⁄2 23⁄4 7 7 3 1 7 1 11⁄8 1 ⁄4 1 ⁄4 13⁄8 13⁄8 11⁄2 15⁄8 1 ⁄4 1 ⁄4 2 2 2 21⁄2 3 3 1 1 *1⁄4" Raised Face Stud lengths for lap joint flanges are equal to lengths shown minus 1⁄2" plus the thickness of two laps of the stub ends.11 . Pipe Size 1 3 600 LB.BOLT DIMENSIONS FOR 400 AND 600 LB.

D. Circle Flange Thickness Dia.D.D./mm In./mm 1 Ring Ring Length Gasket Gasket of Bolt O. In. APFH-12.D.D.D. 231 ⁄ 2 597 17 ⁄ 16 37 211 ⁄ 4 540 11 ⁄ 8 29 1 25 41 ⁄ 2 114 16 406 201 ⁄ 4 514 18 O. In./mm In. so that fittings may be made to face in any quarter. 350 O. 32 813 17 ⁄ 8 48 291 ⁄ 2 749 13 ⁄ 8 35 11 ⁄ 4 32 51 ⁄ 2 140 24 610 281 ⁄ 4 718 Drilling templates are in multiples of four. Bolt holes straddle the center line. 400 O. 27 ⁄ 2 699 1 1 ⁄ 16 43 11 25 635 11 ⁄ 4 32 11 ⁄ 8 29 5 127 20 508 237 ⁄ 8 606 24 O. In./mm Bolt Min./mm In. I. 21 533 1 ⁄8 35 3 18 ⁄ 4 476 3 11 ⁄ 8 29 1 25 41 ⁄ 4 108 14 356 173 ⁄ 4 451 16 O./mm 7 No.D. of Bolts 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 12 16 16 20 20 Bolt Hole Dia.D. 600 O. 25 635 19 ⁄ 16 40 223 ⁄ 4 578 11 ⁄ 4 32 11 ⁄ 8 29 43 ⁄ 4 121 18 457 215 ⁄ 8 549 20 O./mm ⁄4 37 ⁄ 8 98 ⁄ 16 ⁄ 16 ⁄2 23 ⁄ 4 70 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 13 ⁄ 4 44 11 ⁄ 16 27 21 ⁄ 4 57 20 11 7 16 5 13 1 1 25 41 ⁄ 4 108 31 ⁄ 8 79 13 ⁄ 4 44 15 ⁄ 16 33 25 ⁄ 8 67 11 1 16 5 13 1 11 ⁄ 4 32 45 ⁄ 8 117 31 ⁄ 2 89 2 51 121 ⁄ 32 42 3 76 13 9 16 5 13 1 11 ⁄ 2 40 5 127 ⁄ 16 ⁄8 ⁄ 16 ⁄4 ⁄ 16 ⁄ 16 ⁄ 16 37 ⁄ 8 98 2 51 129 ⁄ 32 48 33 ⁄ 8 86 14 5 16 3 13 5 2 50 6 152 43 ⁄ 4 121 21 ⁄ 4 57 23 ⁄ 8 60 41 ⁄ 8 105 16 11 19 3 16 5 21 ⁄ 2 65 7 178 51 ⁄ 2 140 21 ⁄ 2 64 27 ⁄ 8 73 47 ⁄ 8 124 17 3 19 3 16 5 3 80 71 ⁄ 2 191 6 152 21 ⁄ 2 64 31 ⁄ 2 89 53 ⁄ 8 137 19 13 19 3 16 5 31 ⁄ 2 90 81 ⁄ 2 216 7 178 23 ⁄ 4 70 4 102 63 ⁄ 8 162 22 15 19 3 16 5 4 100 9 229 71 ⁄ 2 191 3 76 41 ⁄ 2 114 67 ⁄ 8 175 24 15 19 7 16 3 5 125 10 254 81 ⁄ 2 216 3 76 59 ⁄ 16 141 73 ⁄ 4 197 24 22 7 19 3 6 150 11 279 1 25 91 ⁄ 2 241 31 ⁄ 4 83 65 ⁄ 8 168 83 ⁄ 4 222 22 7 19 3 8 200 131 ⁄ 2 343 11 ⁄ 8 29 113 ⁄ 4 298 31 ⁄ 2 89 85 ⁄ 8 219 11 279 22 19 7 10 250 16 406 13 ⁄ 16 30 141 ⁄ 4 362 1 25 33 ⁄ 4 95 103 ⁄ 4 273 133 ⁄ 8 340 22 7 12 300 19 483 11 ⁄ 4 32 17 432 1 25 33 ⁄ 4 95 123 ⁄ 4 324 161 ⁄ 8 410 22 14 O.Pipe Size NPS/DN 3 Flange Dia.D. Data Installation Contents Standards Tee-Let Installation Information BOLT TEMPLATE FOR DRILLING FLANGED FITTINGS . In. 450 O. of Bolt In. 500 O.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 61 Bolt Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.D.D.D./mm 5 Dia.

D./mm 11 In. Bolt Bolt Gasket Pipe Flange Gasket Bolt Flange Raised Circle of Dia. of Min./mm In.BOLT TEMPLATE FOR DRILLING EXTRA HEAVY FLANGED FITTINGS Ring Dia. Dia.D./mm In. 62 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Size Dia./mm 1 25 47 ⁄ 8 124 ⁄ 16 ⁄4 ⁄ 16 ⁄8 211 ⁄ 16 68 31 ⁄ 2 89 17 3 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄8 5 ⁄8 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄4 ⁄8 21 ⁄ 2 64 15 ⁄ 16 33 27 ⁄ 8 51 19 3 16 5 11 ⁄ 4 32 51 ⁄ 4 133 31 ⁄ 16 78 37 ⁄ 8 98 21 ⁄ 2 64 121 ⁄ 32 42 31 ⁄ 4 83 19 13 19 7 16 3 11 ⁄ 2 40 61 ⁄ 8 156 39 ⁄ 16 90 41 ⁄ 2 114 23 ⁄ 4 70 129 ⁄ 32 48 33 ⁄ 4 95 22 7 22 3 19 5 2 50 61 ⁄ 2 165 43 ⁄ 16 106 5 127 23 ⁄ 4 70 23 ⁄ 8 60 43 ⁄ 8 111 22 19 7 16 3 21 ⁄ 2 65 71 ⁄ 2 191 1 25 415 ⁄ 16 125 57 ⁄ 8 149 31 ⁄ 4 83 27 ⁄ 8 73 51 ⁄ 8 130 22 7 19 3 3 80 81 ⁄ 4 210 11 ⁄ 8 29 511 ⁄ 16 144 65 ⁄ 8 168 31 ⁄ 2 89 31 ⁄ 2 89 57 ⁄ 8 149 22 7 19 3 31 ⁄ 2 90 9 229 13 ⁄ 16 30 65 ⁄ 16 160 71 ⁄ 4 184 31 ⁄ 2 89 4 102 61 ⁄ 2 165 22 7 19 3 4 100 10 254 11 ⁄ 4 32 615 ⁄ 16 176 77 ⁄ 8 200 33 ⁄ 4 95 41 ⁄ 2 114 71 ⁄ 8 181 22 7 19 3 5 125 11 279 13 ⁄ 8 35 85 ⁄ 16 211 91 ⁄ 4 235 4 102 59 ⁄ 16 141 81 ⁄ 2 216 22 7 19 3 6 150 121 ⁄ 2 318 17 ⁄ 16 37 911 ⁄ 16 246 105 ⁄ 8 270 4 102 65 ⁄ 8 168 97 ⁄ 8 251 22 19 7 8 200 15 381 15 ⁄ 8 41 1115 ⁄ 16 303 13 330 1 25 41 ⁄ 2 114 85 ⁄ 8 219 121 ⁄ 8 308 22 10 250 171 ⁄ 2 445 17 ⁄ 8 48 141 ⁄ 16 357 151 ⁄ 4 387 11 ⁄ 8 29 1 25 51 ⁄ 4 133 103 ⁄ 4 273 141 ⁄ 4 362 12 300 201 ⁄ 2 521 2 51 167 ⁄ 16 418 173 ⁄ 4 451 11 ⁄ 4 32 11 ⁄ 8 29 51 ⁄ 2 140 123 ⁄ 4 324 165 ⁄ 8 422 Drilling templates are in multiples of four./mm In. O.11 ./mm In./mm In. Bolt holes straddle the center line. of Bolt No./mm 3 In. Length I. Bolts Holes NPS/DN In. so that fittings may be made to face in any quarter. Thickness Face Dia.

. . 1920–2500°F Copper Welding and Brazing . . . . . All Positions. AC or DC Reverse Polarity E6020 Direct Current. . . . . . . .000 62. .000–73. . . . . . Smooth. W. . . . . . . . Data Installation Contents Standards Tee-Let Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .000–61. 1175–1600°F Low Temperature Brazing . . .000 52. . . . . . . . . All Positions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .000–78. . . Fast. . . All Positions.000 Yield Strength 52. . . . . . in Area Min. . Moderately smooth finish. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .000 57. . . . . and E100 Series. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Classification E6010 Direct Current. .000–58. . . . . . . 1600–1700°F Silver Solder . AC or DC Straight NOTE: This information also applies to E70. .000 Elongation 22 22 22 22 25 WELDING AND BRAZING TEMPERATURES Carbon Steel Welding. . . . . . . Physical Properties of E60 & E70 Series Electrodes TYPICAL VALUES AWS ASTM Electrode E6010 E6011 E6012 AWS ASTM Electrode E7010 E7011 E7015 E7016 E7020 Tensile Strength 62. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “Hot rod”. . . . . . . . Reverse polarity. . 1850–1900°F Brazing Naval Bronze with Manganese Bronze . . . . . . . . . . . 200–730°F Wrought Iron . . AC. . . . . . .000 Elongation 22 to 28% 17 to 22% Red. . . . . High bead. . .000 68. . . . . . . .000 70. 2700–2750°F APFH-12. . . . . . % 35 25 MINIMUM VALUES Yield Strength 57. . . . . . . . . High bead. . . . . . . 1980°F Brazing Copper-Silicon with Phosphor-Bronze . . Straight Polarity. . . . . . . . . E6011 Alternating Current. Straight Polarity. . . . . also. Fast. . . . . . . . . . . DC Reverse. . . . S. . . All Positions. . . . . . . Flat & Horizontal Fillet. . . . . . . . . Good penetration. . . .11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 63 Bolt Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. . . . . . .000 psi of the weld deposit as welded. . . “Cold rod”. . E6027 “Iron powder electrodes”. .000 52. .000 Tensile Strength 70. . . . . . . . . . 2700–2790°F Stainless Steel Welding . . 2490–2730°F Cast Iron Welding .Coated Arc Welding Electrodes – Types & Styles A. . . . . . . . . . . . .000 55. . All purpose. . . .000 57. . . This is the electrode used for most carbon steel pipe welding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .000 70. . . . . . . . All Positions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E6013 Alternating Current. . . . . Fast. . . . . . . . . . . . Deep penetration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . “Low hydrogen” iron powder electrodes. . . . . . . . . . . E80. . . . . . . . . . E90. . . . . . . . . Smooth. . The last two numbers (in bold type) designate the types or styles and the first two numbers the minimum specified tensile strength in 1. . . . . . . . “Cold rod”. . . . . . .000 57. . All purpose. . . . . . . . . . . . . Moderately smooth finish. DC Straight E6018 Direct Current. . . . . . .000–65. . . . . Good penetration. . . Flat bead. . . . Smooth.000–70. . . Can be used with A. .000 70. . . . . . .000 70. . . . . . . .C. . . Flat and Horizontal Fillet. . AC or DC or DC Reverse Polarity E6012 Direct Current. . . . .1175–1530°F Soft Solder . . . .

4 for a detailed review of standard welding symbols STANDARD LOCATION OF ELEMENTS OF A WELDING SYMBOL FINISH SYMBOL CONTOUR SYMBOL ROOT OPENING.11 . DEPTH OF FILLING FOR PLUG AND SLOT WELDS EFFECTIVE THROAT DEPTH OF PREPARATION OR SIZE IN INCHES REFERENCE LINE (BOTH SIDES) SPECIFICATION. 64 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. PROCESS OR OTHER REFERENCE T F A R (OTHER SIDE) WELD ALL AROUND SYMBOL L@P (ARROW SIDE) GROOVE ANGLE OR INCLUDED ANGLE OF COUNTERSINK FOR PLUG WELDS LENGTH OF WELD IN INCHES PITCH (C TO C SPACING) OF WELDS IN INCHES FIELD WELD SYMBOL S(E) TAIL (OMITTED WHEN REFERENCE IS NOT USED) BASIC WELD SYMBOL OR DETAIL REFERENCE ARROW CONNECTS REFERENCE LINE TO ARROW SIDE OF JOINT.Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols BASIC WELD SYMBOLS GROOVE OR BUTT Back Fillet Plug or Slot Square V Bevel U J Flare V Flare Bevel SUPPLEMENTARY WELD SYMBOLS Backing Spacer Weld AllAround Field Weld CONTOUR Flush Convex See AWS A2.

. The perpendicular leg of . APFH-12. near. Data Installation Contents Standards Tee-Let Installation . 4. Tail of arrow used for specification reference. far. In section or end views only. arrows point to that member. 2. 2.Basic Arc & Gas Welding Symbols Notes NOTES: 1. When welds are drawn in section or end views. In joints in which one member only is to be grooved. 3. Neither orientation of reference line nor location of the arrow alter this rule. and both sides. 5. Dimensions of fillet welds must be shown on both the arrow side and other side symbol. weld symbol. Symbols apply between abrupt changes in direction of welding unless governed by the “All Around” symbol or otherwise dimensioned. 7. Symbols govern to break in continuity of structure or to extent of hatching or dimension lines. Size. when weld is not drawn. obvious information is not given by symbol. All welds are continuous and of user's standard propertions and all except V-grooved and bevel-grooved welds are closed unless otherwise shown. The point of the field weld symbol must point toward the tail. 8. 3. 4.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 65 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Arrow and other side welds are of the same size unless otherwise shown. NOTES: 1. 5. length of weld and spacing must read in that order from left to right along the reference line. In plan or elevation. . the side to which arrow points is considered near side. Welds on both sides are of same size unless otherwise shown. locations refer to nearest member parallel to plane of drawing and not to others farther behind. weld symbols must be at left. 6.

25 /4 17 .8833 54 .921875 /64 15 .0833 6 .4833 30 .9333 57 .75 /4 49 .4375 /16 29 .953125 /64 31 .140625 /64 5 .4500 28 .34375 /32 23 .4166 26 .6875 /16 45 .0 APFH-12.578125 /64 19 .53125 /32 35 .546875 /64 9 .1000 7 .3000 19 .0500 4 .2333 15 .609375 /64 5 .6666 41 .046875 /64 1 .6000 37 .109375 /64 1 .8666 53 .0333 3 .296875 /64 5 .671875 /64 11 .5000 31 .734375 /64 3 .828125 /64 27 .5625 /16 37 .9166 56 .9500 58 .8500 52 .8166 50 .1333 9 .234375 /64 1 .640625 /64 21 .59375 /32 39 .6833 42 .333 /3 11 .3666 23 .7000 43 .3125 /16 21 .203125 /64 7 .421875 /64 7 .0166 2 .0000 66 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK DECIMAL EQUIVALENTS OF FRACTIONS Inches Decimal of an Inch 1 .0666 5 .796875 /64 13 .5666 35 .1166 8 .9666 59 .2833 18 .703125 /64 23 .4000 25 .328125 /64 1 .1875 /16 13 .515625 /64 17 .8333 51 .15625 /32 11 .71875 /32 47 .65625 /32 43 .078125 /64 3 .0625 /16 5 .7833 48 .MINUTES CONVERTED TO DECIMALS OF A DEGREE Minutes Degree 1 .9833 60 1.453125 /64 15 .125 /8 9 .171875 /64 3 .359375 /64 3 .78125 /32 51 .7666 47 .3166 20 .1500 10 .2666 17 .3333 21 .7500 46 .984375 /64 1 1.1666 11 .8125 /16 53 .96875 /32 63 .765625 /64 25 .2500 16 .1833 12 .5 /2 33 .875 /8 57 .28125 /32 19 .4666 29 .015625 /64 1 .7166 44 .6166 38 .625 /8 41 .90625 /32 59 .8000 49 .40625 /32 27 .5500 34 .375 /8 25 .11 .9000 55 .03125 /32 3 .2106 14 .265625 /64 9 .6333 39 .7333 45 .484375 /64 1 .3833 24 .9375 /16 61 .5833 36 .2000 13 .4333 27 .859375 /64 7 .84375 /32 55 .46875 /32 31 .390625 /64 13 .890625 /64 29 .5333 33 .21875 /32 15 .3500 22 .09375 /32 7 .5166 32 .6500 40 .

696 29.127 1. Data Installation Contents .0361 0.3333 3 0.48 231 0.11111 9 0.733 27.1333 0.STANDARD CONVERSIONS To Change Inches Feet Yards Square Inches Square feet Square yards Cubic Inches Cubic feet Cubic yards Cubic Inches Cubic feet Gallons Pounds of water Ounces Pounds Inches of water To Feet Millimeters Inches Yards Feet Square feet Square inches Square yards Square feet Cubic feet Cubic inches Cubic yards Cubic feet Gallons Gallons Cubic inches Cubic feet Pounds of water Gallons Pounds Ounces Pounds per square inch Inches of mercury Ounces per square inch Pounds per square foot Inches of water Feet of water Pounds per square inch Inches of mercury Inches of water Inches of water Feet of water Inches of mercury Atmospheres Pounds per square inch Pounds per square foot Inches of mercury Pounds per square inch Inches of mercury Feet of water Pounds Pounds Long tons Multiply By 0.578 5.03703 27 0.33 0.1337 8.0833 25.89285 67 Inches of mercury Ounces per square inch Pounds per square inch Feet of water Atmospheres Long tons Short tons APFH-12.0625 16 0.5 0.12004 0.4 12 0.0681 0.72 2.0735 0.04 0.4914 0.434 62.00058 1728 0.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.92 34 2240 2000 0.00694 144 0.2 13.00433 7.6 1.31 2.8824 14.

MASS 8. ice melted per 24hr. = 62. ft.) = 1 cu. 3. at 50°F. lb.) WEIGHT OF WATER 1 cu. = 68 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. = 8. = 62. 1 in. at 39. .2°F.41 lb.S.) 0.) 231 cu.00039 hp 288.2°F WEIGHT OF LIQUID 1 gal. water from 32°F to 212°F 2545 Btu (mean) . per sq. per min. 1 cu. (avoir. / sp.) 7. . = Absolute (psia) +14. 2. gr.000 grain 2. 34.per hr. ft. gr. water at 60°F 2.833 gal. . per sec. hg at 60°F .43 lb. ft. oz.000 Btu per hr.34 lb.49 lb.S. per hr. Water is at its greatest density at 39. ft. 83.293 watt hr.000 lb.33 lb.12 U.480 Btu per hr.413 Btu per hr. per sq. Hg at 60°F = 1. 746 watt 2. ft. water evap. in gauge (psig) 1 lb. from and at 32˚ F 128 fl. x sp.4 lb. 200 Btu per min. 12.34 lb.5 lb. = 1 lb. WORK 1 boiler hp = 778 ft. ft. gal. at 50°F. (Brit. gr.2 lb.13 ft.13 ft. lb.04 in.884 in.S. 1 ft. in. 33. in. .S.96 ft. / sp.S. per hr. 1 Btu (mean) = 1 1 kw. ft.) 7.016 cu. 500 lb. 1 gal. per sq. per hr.) = 1 cu.UNIT CONVERSION FLOW TEMPERATURE 0. hg at 60°F . from and at 32˚ F 2. gr.000 lb. ice melted per 24hr. 1 cu. = ⁄180 of heat required to change temp of 1 lb.000 Btu per 24 hr. ft.8 kw. gr. (U. in. gr. per sq. (U. (cfm) = 448.7 1 lb. in. in.) = 1 ton (short) = 1 ton (long) = 16 oz. per min. = 1 hp = 550 ft. (gph) POWER °C = (°F-32) x 5/9 VOLUME I gal. = 1 gpm / sp.34 hp-hr 1 lb. per sq. from & at 212°F 9. 62.S. (U. 1 cu.746 kwhr 3413 Btu (mean) 1. x sp.11 .134 cu. water at 60°F lb.433 lb. (U.545 Btu per hr. (avoir.240 lb.293 watt 12. x sp. of ice = 57. = 1 Btu per hr.48 gal. = 1 ton refrigeration = (U. lb. PRESSURE 1 hp-hr = 1 Kwhr = 3.8 gal. 0. per min 1 gpm = 500 lb. water at 60°F = .

Damage to the Adjustable Drop Nipple or Sprinkler may result. If five (5) to six (6) threads are counted. The same procedure would apply if a leak has been detected. MODEL ‘F’ INSTALLATION MIN. MAX. Specification for Tapered Pipe Threads. E) Connect the Adjustable Drop Nipple assembly to the sprinkler system by wrenching on the make-up area on the Drop Nipple. APFH-12. It is recommended that the system pressure be relieved when adjusting. C) The use of an anaerobic pipe thread sealant is preferred for thread make up when connecting to another pipe fitting or nipple. Gauge both the male threads of the sprinkler and the female threads of the Adjustable Drop Nipple for compliance with ANSI B1. LENGTH MODEL ‘M’ CEILING TILE SPRINKLER HEAD D) If either of the above fails to allow the sprinkler to make-up to a minimum of from five (5) to six (6) full threads. Allow twenty-four hours for setting. Clean any debris and/or pipe sealant from both the male and female threads.A) For use in wet and dry pipe automatic sprinkler systems installed in accordance with all applicable standards or codes. Data Installation Contents INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Merit® Eliminator Adjustable Drop Nipple . If seven (7) perfect threads are counted. F) After the ceiling has been installed adjust the sprinkler to its final position by using the sprinkler wrench and assemble the escutcheon plate to the inner support ring. LENGTH MODEL ‘F’ CEILING TILE SPRINKLER HEAD MODEL ‘M’ INSTALLATION BRANCH PIPE MIN. count the number of fully developed male threads on the brand of sprinkler to be installed into the fittings. however it is not necessary to drain the system. the sprinkler should thread into the 1⁄2" or 3⁄4" thread from two (2) to three (3) threads hand tight. the sprinkler should thread into the 1⁄2" or 3⁄4" thread from three (3) to four (4) threads hand tight. please refer to the manufacturer’s installation instructions and apply pipe thread sealant only to male threads of the sprinkler. Petroleum based lubricants are incompatible with EPDM and will impair serviceability of the unit. MAX. DO NOT WRENCH ON THE BARREL PORTION OF THE UNIT OR SPRINKLER. If within tolerance. Instead back the sprinkler out of the fitting.1. Adjustable Drop Nipples described herein must be installed and maintained in compliance with this document as well as the applicable standards of the National Fire Protection Association in addition to the standards for any other authorities having jurisdiction. reapply the anaerobic pipe sealant and make-on to the required length. If attaching a sprinkler head.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 69 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.20. do not overtighten the sprinkler. DO NOT USE ANY PETROLEUM BASED LUBRICANTS ON THE O-RING SEALS. B) Before starting the job of making sprinklers into steel threads of the above fittings.

Outlet Model Note: Tee-Lets are manufactured to fit size-on-size.8 (Sch. 2 x 2) Tee-Lets are not FM Approved. 5 or non-threadable lightwall pipe is 175 psi. if thread count does not match. insure that no dirt or weld spatter is in the threads and no burn-through damaged the threads. For example. Allow twenty-four hours for setting. Gauge both the male threads of the sprinkler or nipple and the female threads of the Tee-Let with ANSI B1. that is the contoured shape on a given Tee-Let is made to fit perfectly on the first listed header size.11 . DynaFlow) (Grooved End) Tee-Let Type C/R 1 1 1 ⁄4 . If installed on the second header size marked on the fitting. 11⁄2.3" Tee-Let would be ordered.21⁄2" Tee-Let. is a 1" outlet fitting manufactured to fit perfectly on the 2" header size listed.4 (Sch. Compare number of threads counted to the number of required fully developed threads as shown in the thread chart located on the back of this sheet. 1 ⁄2 .8 (Sch. 2) FM rated working pressure when welded on Sch. a slight gap of approximately 1⁄32" will appear along the longitudinal centerline of the header. 5. check nipple or sprinkler for proper thread gage measurement and discard if not to ANSI B1. Item C) B) Before starting the job of making nipples or sprinklers into steel threads of the above fittings. 4 6 (EZ-Flow) Tee-Let Type C 11⁄4 . reapply the anaerobic pipe sealant or Teflon™ tape and make-on to the required length. while leaving a 1⁄32" gap along the longitudinal centerline of the 21⁄2" size. C) The use of an anaerobic pipe thread sealant is preferred for thread make up when connecting to another pipe fitting or nipple.1 / ISO-7R/RC specification. FM APPROVAL GUIDE CHAPTER 1 – PIPE FITTINGS) Outlet Pipe Size (Inch) Header Pipe Size (Inch) Rated Pressure (psig) 1 1 ⁄2. Then count the number of fully developed male threads on the nipple or sprinkler to be installed into the fittings. The same procedure would apply if a leak has been detected. a 1" x 2 . If within tolerance.4 (Sch.1 / ISO-7R/RC.10. 3⁄4. D) If either of the above fails to allow the sprinkler or nipple to make-up to a minimum of full threads. 70 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Thread Make-up and Installation A) For use in systems installed in accordance with all applicable standards or codes. do not over tighten. 2. 40) Tee-Let Type A 11⁄4. proceed with installation (Step C). If thread count is correct.20. If attaching a sprinkler head. 4 1⁄2 . then a 1" x 21⁄2 . DynaFlow) 300 2 4 (EZ-Flow) (F-Threaded End) 2. Specification for Tapered Pipe Threads.8 (All Schedules) 300 (Roll Grooved End) 1) Size-on-size (i.e.20. 40) 300 1 2 1⁄ 2 . If a perfect fit is required for a 21⁄2" header pipe.8 ⁄2 .6 1 ⁄4 .10. Instead back the sprinkler or nipple out of the fitting. 21⁄2. 5.INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Merit® Weld-Miser™ Tee-Let (Welding Outlet Fittings) TEE-LET WELDED OUTLET FITTING (UL VIZU — EX6032.8 11⁄4 . Size consolidations are employed to reduce inventory and provide for greater flexibility. (See Section III. Clean any debris and/or pipe sealant from both the male and female threads. 3. please refer to the manufacturer’s installation instructions and apply pipe thread sealant only to male threads of the sprinkler.

Tee-Let Size ⁄2 (13) 3 ⁄4 (19) 1 (25) 11⁄4 (31) 11⁄4 (31) 11⁄2 (38) 2 (50) 21⁄2 (63) 3 (75) 4 (100) 1 Recommended Hole Size ⁄8 (16) ⁄8 (22) 11⁄8 (28) 11⁄2 (38) 13⁄8 (35) 15⁄8 (41) 2 (50) 27⁄16 (61) 3 (75) 4 (100) 7 5 Recommended Welding Procedures As a general rule. It should be noted that Merit Tee-Lets have been subjected to exhaustive testing and evaluation. may not return to their gauged form after cooling if excessive heat causes them to expand. The threads. then the following hole sizes are recommended./mm 3 3 ⁄2 (13) ⁄4 (19) 1 (25) 11⁄4 (31) 11⁄2 (38) 2 (50) 21⁄2 (63) 3 (75) 4 (100) 3 1 ⁄4 (7) ⁄4 (7) 1 ⁄4 (7) 1 ⁄4 (7) 5 ⁄16 (8) 5 ⁄16 (8) 5 ⁄16 (8) 3 ⁄8 (10) 3 ⁄8 (10) 1 1 ⁄16 (5) ⁄16 (5) 3 ⁄16 (5) 3 ⁄16 (5) 1 ⁄4 (7) 1 ⁄4 (7) 1 ⁄4 (7) 5 ⁄16 (5) 5 ⁄16 (5) 1 ⁄2./mm A In. Data Installation Contents INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Merit® Weld-Miser™ Tee-Let (Welding Outlet Fittings) .Recommended Hole Sizes The hole cut in the branch or header pipe can be cut prior or subsequent to attachment of the Tee-Let. Excessive heat may cause the wrench tight threads (those in the bottom of the Tee-Let near the weld zone) to distort while also causing the branch pipe to bend. and only negligibly distort when subjected to excessive heat. mechanical flame cutting (oxy-acetylene or propane). One advantage of cutting the hole after welding is that the pipe is left intact during welding thereby reducing shrinkage and possible distortion./mm Holes may be cut employing mechanical means—including hole sawing. Hand-held templates are sized to match your plasma cutter. Every effort must be made to avoid welding too hot or overheating both the pipe and the Tee-Let./mm B In. If holes are cut prior to welding. the weld should be only as hot as required to allow the weld to penetrate the materials being welded while concomitantly allowing gases developed in the welding process to escape. and air plasma cutting (constricted tungsten arc) machines. 3⁄4 & 1 Outlet 11⁄4 .21⁄2 Outlet APFH-12. B RECOMMENDED AMOUNT OF WELD Outlet Size In. as some codes require./mm In. RECOMMENDED TEE-LET HOLE SIZES Type Type A Type A Type A Type A Type C Type A or C Type A or C Type A or C Type A or C Type A or C In. on the other hand. The A following is intended only as a guide. Merit offers a simple approach to cutting the hole. and assumes that the welding equipment is properly calibrated and functioning normally and the operator is qualified. Note that the same hole diameter for a given outlet size is required for both Type A and Type C TeeLets 1-11⁄2" larger.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 71 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.

IPM Travel Speed IPM ⁄2 .035 0. B.5 21⁄2 .4 63-100 1 21⁄2 .2 0.109 3 13-50 21⁄2 .120 3 13-50 21⁄2 .109 3 21⁄2 .4 63-100 1 5-6 125-150 ⁄2 . good penetration.2 13-50 0.2 13-50 0. Merit assumes no liability for any consequential damages resulting from the improper use of its Tee-Let Welding Outlet Fittings. 72 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.035 0.045 0.035 0. faster welding.Argon. 2. low cost.2 0.035 0.035 0.045 100-130 115-150 110-140 120-160 110-140 120-150 120-160 130-160 120-150 130-150 130-160 140-160 180-205 120-150 130-150 170-220 130-160 140-160 180-225 16-20 17-21 18-22 19-22 17-20 17-20 19-22 19-22 17-20 18-20 19-22 20-22 20-24 17-20 18-20 18-22 19-22 20-22 20-24 210 270 220 290 210 270 290 240 210 270 290 270 245 240 260 290 240 260 290 25-30 20-25 25-30 20-25 20-25 20-25 20-25 20-25 20-25 15-20 20-25 15-20 27-32 20-25 15-20 12-18 20-25 15-20 12-18 21⁄2 .083 2.INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY Merit® Weld-Miser™ Tee-Let (Welding Outlet Fittings) RECOMMENDED SETTINGS FOR MICROWIRE WELDING PROCESS Header Pipe Wall Tee-Let Electrode Size Thickness Types A.035 0.148 3.035 0. nor for any recommendations made with respect to installation procedures.) Co2 .5 21⁄2 .035 0.035 0.4 63-100 21⁄2 . high welding speeds without melt through.4 63-100 21⁄2 .134 3.4 8 200 63-100 1 ⁄2 .2 31-50 ⁄2 .035 0.4 63-100 1 ⁄2 .109 3 13-50 21⁄2 .4 63-100 ⁄2 .Deeper penetration.2 0. Recommended for .2 0.2 13-50 0./mm In.4 63-100 21⁄2 .035 0.4 63-100 1 11⁄4 .035 0.035 0.4 63-100 1 ⁄2 .4 63-100 Shielding Gas Flow (for all sizes) 20-25 CFH 1.065 2 13-50 0. C Size In. Volts Wire Feed POS.035 0.035 0.045 0.2 0. minimum distortion and spatter.5 13-50 21⁄2 .) 25% ./mm 1 Welding Current AMPS-DC Arc.4 63-100 1 ⁄2 .Co2./mm In.035 0.134 wall and lighter.11 . 75% .

2) Application of pipe dope • Use a pipe dope that is fast drying.12 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 73 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech. Best application is achieved with a brush stiff enough to force sealant down to the root of the threads. 3) Joint Makeup • For sizes up to and including 2" pipe. • For 21⁄2" through 4" sizes. an anaerobic sealant may be utilized. chips and excess cutting oil. dirt. wrench tight makeup is considered two full turns past handtight. Handtight engagement for 21⁄2" through 4" thread varies from 51⁄2 turns to 63⁄4 turns. Data Installation Contents INSTALLATION AND ASSEMBLY General Assembly of Threaded Fittings . sets-up to a semi hard condition and is vibration resistant.1) Inspect both male and female components prior to assembly. • Clean or replace components as necessary. Alternately. • Thoroughly mix the thread sealant prior to application. PIPE NIPPLE THREAD ENGAGEMENT (Normal for Tight Joints) Pipe Size Length /8 1 /4 3 /8 1 /2 3 /4 1 11/4 11/2 2 21/2 3 3 1 /2 4 5 6 1 /4 /8 3 /8 1 /2 9 /16 11 /16 11 /16 11 /16 3 /4 15 /16 1 11/16 11/8 11/4 15/16 3 1 APFH-4. wrench tight makeup is considered three full turns past handtight. • Threads should be free from mechanical damage. • Apply a thick even coat to the male threads only. Handtight engagement for 1⁄2" through 2" thread varies from 41⁄2 turns to 5 turns.

5834 1.8P = Thread Depth .0870 .9543 1.6006 .1111 .240 .050 1.2143 . Std.9677 1.6120 .1973 1. Plug Gage National Pipe Thread Standards ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK E0 P E1 E5 L1+ 4 Threads L1+ 5 Threads L2 NATIONAL PIPE THREAD STANDARDS Pitch Diameter at Beginning of External Threads Length Length Pitch Diameter Pitch Diameter Outside Nominal Diameter Threads Pitch of per Inch Thread Pipe of pipe Size Handtight Engagement Effective Thread External Wrench Make-up Length for Internal Thread Pitch Length Diameter Overall Length External Thread D /8 1 /4 3 /8 1 /2 3 /4 1 11/4 11/2 2 1 N 27 18 18 14 14 111/2 111/2 111/2 111/2 .7450 .A.5025 .200** .420 .375 APFH-12.5457 .4899** . Std.3163 L3 .339 .0370 .2143 .2563 1.3635 .5571 1.I.7068 .3566 .0582 .405 .3748** .2639 .320 . E3 90˚ D L1 Gage to go on flush by hand – standard tolerance is + one turn.7235 .4774 .0870 .660 1.5946 .180** .540 .7815 .2609 E3 .7935 .7565 P E0 L1 †† E1 L2 † E2 .2527 L4 .7584 .3924 .5337 . 0.2690 .6828 .8413 2.900 2.2136 1.0556 .7784 .315 1.5408 1.2609 .74 L2 V L1 L4 0.9889 1.8223 2.436 .0870 .400 .1667 .0714 .1667 .2963 .P.0870 .840 1.420 .0252 1.2386 1.4018 .4078 .0085 1.7961 2. Total Taper 3/4" per Foot (Measured on Diameter) Imperfect threads due to lead or die Ring Gage L3 30˚ 30˚ L1 E2 Plug gage to enter until notch is flush with first thread – standard tolerance is + one thread.6016 .7798 2.6270 .3800 .Amer.11 .2609 .07918 1.0018 1.675 .6375 .6013 1.2609 .0556 .760P = Thead Depth .9845 1.0714 .4670 .

063 1.1.4273 10.360 1.125 2.7906 .6837 4. The ANSI B1.1250 . Ladish Co.000 18.2837 21.5023 1.562 1.8888 1.5549 –– –– –– 12.7250 23.1 National Pipe Thread Taper and the API Standard Line Pipe Thread are interchangeable.5712 3.2000 3.2500 13.7375 21.937 . 75 Pipe Thread Drop Nipple and Conversions General Welding Bolt Weld Fitting and Pipe and Gruvlok Gruvlok Table of Standards Tee-Let Installation Information Templates Steel Flange Data Flange Data Tech.8418 –– –– –– 5.1250 .000 20.9156 .8400 6.3344 4.6837 14.4980 1.20.1250 .7622 1. 55.0250 11.0500 21.1250 .7872 –– –– –– 15. **Not according to ANSI B1.4500 15.625 9.4461 7.1250 .4305 1.8219 1.7219 3.6337 3.000 2.1250 .8837 16.210 1.000 24.7039 1.2500 2.7469 2.8750 2.20.8750 2.9156 .000 17.900 2.4415 –– –– –– 10.4156 .375 Data per ANSI B1.3885 1.3871 1.2500 8.20.4493 1.2500 13.6500 17.6656 .3000 4.2500 5. *Sizes discontinued in ANSI B1.000 15.1250 .11 21/2 3 31/2 4 *41/2 5 6 *7 8 *9 10 *11 12 14 *15 16 *17 18 20 *22 24 2.8703 2.4156 .3500 14.5406 .000 4.7344 3.1250 . ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 2.6125 7.6837 †Also length of plug gage.7488 –– –– –– 23.2500 17.9250 10.1250 .7625 16.8609 3.3250 1.3751 1.1250 2.8125 9.1250 .2500 15.5328 13.6194 2.8859 1.750 14.7594 2.9156 .875 3.625 10.7125 8.4524 –– –– –– 8.000 5.285 1.1250 12.1983 (R2006) (for Taper Pipe Thread) and API Standard 5-B (for Line Pipe Threads).9156 .7762 –– –– –– 17.2500 6.2500 19.8500 19. Reprinted by permission from Catalog No.0837 19.1250 .3188 1.6209 1.8656 3.4336 9.3406 3.2500 23.6178 2.1375 2.812 1.2500 3.4398 8.766 .000 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 .2500 4.687 1.5172 2.7125 .7195 3.750 11.625 7.1250 .20.250 2.1462 9.844 .5500 16.5125 6.625 8.1250 .2500 10. Data Installation Contents .4786 .000 22.5406 .7750 14.2500 23.2500 12.8375 4.3907 6. listed for reference only.3587 11.7500 19.7688 15.682 .1250 .1250 .000 1.6656 .5297 2.1 .1250 .875 .1250 .5000 1.3500 4. ††Also length of ring gage and length from gaging notch to small end of pluge gage.4180 2.821 .500 4.4063 5.130 1.7337 4.750 12.563 6.9462 7.500 5.8313 5.8742 2.5453 11.1983 (R2006).000 16.2500 3.5391 12.5060 1.7563 17.1250 .2500 3.1 .958 1.1250 .6969 3.5587 13.APFH-12.9156 .8726 2.1250 .8758 2.9156 .

000 ⁄8 . Any corrosion or mechanical allowances and any reduction in allowable stress due to temperature or other service conditions.2 1 ⁄2.4 1 ⁄2.600 15 .Forged Steel Anvilets INSTALLATION NOTE Anvil Anvilets are designed to have no more than a 1⁄16" gap (1.000 3. must be applied to the pipe and fitting alike.6 1 ⁄4 .6mm) between the base or skirt of the Anvilet when it is seated directly upon the appropriate run pipe.000 6. However.50 15 .600 6 .50 15 .2 1 ⁄2.150 8 . it is recommended that the skirt of Anvilets be held slightly above the run pipe and tack welded to provide a small continuous root gap between the skirt and run pipe before completing the all-around welding beads or fillet.24 1 ⁄2. 76 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.24 ⁄8 . PRESSURE TEMPERATURE RATINGS MSS standard Practice SP-97 gives the following correlation between fitting pressure class and pipe schedule number/wall thickness designation for calculation of pressure-temperature ratings: FORGED STEEL ANVILETS PRESSURE TEMPERATURE RATINGS Branch Connection Type Pressure Class of Fitting Branch Connection Size NPS 1 1 DN Pipe Wall for Rating Basis Buttweld Threaded Socket-Welding STD XS/XH SCH 160 3.50 STD XS/XH SCH 160 XS/XH SCH 160 XS/XH SCH 160 The maximum allowable pressure of a fitting is computed in accordance with the applicable piping code or regulation for straight seamless header (run) pipe or for material of equivalent composition and mechanical properties to the fitting.000 6.11 .100 15 .2 6 .

10 Rd. 8 Rd. 8 Rd. Socket-Welding and Threaded” this table shows the schedule of pipe corresponding to each class of fitting for rating purposes.W. 8 Rd.900 1. 8 Rd.050 1. 8 Rd.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 77 Forged Steel & Oil Country General Hanger Spacing & Beam Fitting Data Information Hanger Product Dimensions . 8 Rd.“Forged Fittings.660 1. S. OIL COUNTRY FITTINGS CURRENT API THREAD STANDARDS Nominal Size O. Any corrosion or mechanical allowances and any reduction in allowable stress due to temperature or other service conditions must be applied to the pipe and fitting alike.660 1. 10 Rd.11 . 8 Rd. 8 Rd. 8 Rd. –– 8 Rd. –– 8 Rd. FORGED STEEL FITTINGS PRESSURE RATINGS Class Schedule N.D.900 2 3⁄ 8 2 3⁄ 8 27⁄8 2 7⁄ 8 3 1⁄ 2 3 1⁄ 2 4 4 4 1⁄ 2 4 1⁄ 2 14 –– 111⁄2 –– 111⁄2 –– 111⁄2 –– 111⁄2 –– 8V –– 8V –– 8V 8V 8V –– –– 10 Rd. 10 Rd. 10 Rd. 10 Rd. 8 Rd.T. 10 Rd. 8 Rd. –– APFH-12.050 1.315 1.P.11 provides that the maximum allowable pressure of a fitting be computed in accordance with the applicable piping code or regulation for straight seamless pipe or for material of equivalent composition and mechanical properties to the fitting.D. –– 8 Rd. 10 Rd. 8 Rd.315 1. Size Pipe Tubing & Casing ⁄4 ⁄4 EUE 1 1 EUE 11⁄4 11⁄4 EUE 11⁄2 11⁄2 EUE 2 2 EUE 21⁄2 21⁄2 EUE 3 3 EUE 31⁄2 1 3 ⁄2 EUE 4 4 EUE 3 3 1. Size Pipe Tubing & Casing Nominal Size O. 8 Rd. –– –– 5 –– 6 –– –– 8 –– 10 –– 12 –– –– –– –– –– –– 5 51⁄2 59⁄16 6 65⁄8 7 75⁄8 85⁄8 95⁄8 103⁄4 113⁄4 123⁄4 133⁄8 14 16 18 20 –– –– –– 8V –– 8V –– –– 8V –– 8V –– 8V –– 8V 8V 8V 8V –– 8 Rd. 2000 3000 6000 80 160 XXS/XXH – 80 160 ASME B16. 8 Rd.Forged Steel Fittings In accordance with ASME standard B16. 10 Rd. 8 Rd. –– 8 Rd. 10 Rd.

25 14.5 7.4 23.8 51.313 0.Beam Dimensions ▲ Y ▲ Depth of Section Y In.75 13.688 0.75 18.813 0.375 0.625 0.0 23⁄8 21⁄2 25⁄8 23⁄4 3 31⁄4 33⁄8 35⁄8 35⁄8 37⁄8 4 41⁄8 45⁄8 5 5 51⁄8 51⁄4 51⁄2 51⁄2 55⁄8 6 61⁄4 61⁄4 63⁄8 7 71⁄4 7 71⁄8 71⁄2 0.375 0.5 13.7 25.0 86.0 40.0 54.0 42.313 3 4 5 0. ▲ Z ▲ ▲ Mean Thickness of Flange Z In.0 33. Lbs.0 25.0 30.5 10.938 0.7 9.250 0.25 6.0 42.25 15.7 9.0 31.4 15.438 18 20 0.7 7.9 40. AMERICAN STANDARD CHANNELS Weight per Ft.4 7.8 35.0 96.7 70.75 13.75 12.0 13⁄8 11⁄2 15⁄8 15⁄8 13⁄4 13⁄4 17⁄8 17⁄8 2 21⁄8 21⁄8 21⁄4 21⁄4 21⁄4 23⁄8 21⁄2 23⁄8 21⁄2 25⁄8 25⁄8 23⁄4 27⁄8 3 3 3 31⁄8 33⁄8 31⁄2 33⁄4 4 4 41⁄8 41⁄4 0.313 0.0 75.0 8. Y ▲ Z ▲ ▲ Mean Thickness of Flange Z In.0 20.9 58.375 7 8 10 0.0 80.3 24 0.625 5.3 20.250 0.75 11.0 90.0 6.438 15 0.375 0.5 17.500 0.8 50.1 5.11 .0 9.7 45.500 20.313 6 0.625 78 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.4 35.0 20.0 15. Flange Width In.0 100. S SHAPES Depth of Section Y In.0 5.563 0.688 0.0 30. Lbs.0 50.438 0.0 18. Weight per Ft. Flange Width In.9 50.0 14.875 0.375 12 0. 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 15 18 4.2 10.0 66.8 12.0 25.3 20.

W SHAPES Mean Depth Thick.030 0.510 0.455 0.670 0.575 0.570 0.810 0.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 79 Beam General Hanger Spacing & Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data . In.020 APFH-12.400 0.935 0.735 0.515 0. In. In.975 0.770 0.515 0.665 0. of Weight Flange of Section per Ft.560 0.640 0.615 0. Lbs.745 0. In.685 0.530 0.680 0.930 1. of Weight Flange of Section per Ft.000 0.715 0.505 0.940 1. Width Flange Y Z In.575 0.560 0.435 0.760 0.565 0.785 0.605 0.465 0.770 0. Width Flange Y Z In.680 0.615 0.Beam Dimensions Continued ▲ Y ▲ Mean Depth Thick. In.870 0.740 0.440 0.595 0.430 0.520 0.430 0. Lbs.680 0.400 0.385 0.960 0.695 0.800 0.630 0.380 0.63 0.860 0.435 0.780 0.850 0.530 0.620 0.875 0.830 0.640 0.440 0.900 0. of Weight Flange of Section per Ft.940 1. In.930 0.875 0.990 14 16 18 30 34 38 43 48 53 61 68 74 82 90 99 109 120 132 36 40 45 50 57 67 77 89 100 50 55 60 65 71 76 86 97 106 63⁄4 63⁄4 63⁄4 8 8 8 10 10 101⁄8 101⁄8 141⁄2 145⁄8 145⁄8 145⁄8 143⁄4 7 7 7 71⁄8 71⁄8 101⁄4 101⁄4 103⁄8 103⁄8 71⁄2 71⁄2 71⁄2 75⁄8 75⁄8 11 111⁄8 111⁄8 111⁄4 0.720 0. Width Flange Y Z 5 6 8 10 12 19 25 18 21 24 28 31 35 40 48 58 67 22 26 30 33 39 45 49 54 60 68 77 88 26 30 35 40 45 50 53 58 65 72 79 87 96 106 5 61⁄8 51⁄4 51⁄4 61⁄2 61⁄2 8 8 81⁄8 81⁄8 81⁄4 81⁄4 53⁄4 53⁄4 53⁄4 8 8 8 10 10 101⁄8 101⁄8 101⁄4 101⁄4 61⁄2 61⁄2 61⁄2 8 8 81⁄8 10 10 12 12 121⁄8 121⁄8 121⁄8 121⁄4 0.750 0.770 0.870 0.760 0.930 0.750 0.645 0.855 0.330 0.850 0.875 0. Lbs.960 0.495 0.790 0.660 0.685 0.960 0. In.985 0.455 0.940 21 24 27 30 33 36 62 68 73 83 93 101 111 122 76 84 94 104 117 131 94 102 114 146 108 116 124 132 118 130 141 135 150 160 81⁄4 81⁄4 81⁄4 83⁄8 83⁄8 121⁄4 123⁄8 123⁄8 9 9 91⁄8 123⁄4 123⁄4 127⁄8 10 10 101⁄8 14 101⁄2 101⁄2 101⁄2 101⁄2 111⁄2 111⁄2 111⁄2 12 12 12 0.710 0.835 0.810 0.855 0.990 0.810 0.740 0.360 0. Z ▲ ▲ Mean Depth Thick.

Span (Ft) 8 9 9 12 13 14 15 16 17 19 21 24 26 30 32 35 37 39 42 34 Vapor Service 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 11⁄2 Recommended 3 1 5 3 7 ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄8 ⁄4 ⁄8 1 Hanger Rod Sizes or tra peze The above spacing and capacities are based on pipe filled with water.21 10.307 66.265 25.000 165.169 38.” This local specification must be followed. Additional valves and fittings increase the load and therefore closer hanger spacing is required. 750° F ⁄8 ⁄2 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 1 1 1 ⁄4 11⁄2 13⁄4 2 21⁄4 21⁄2 23⁄4 3 31⁄4 31⁄2 33⁄4 4 41⁄4 41⁄2 43⁄4 5 1 5 3 16 UNC 13 UNC 11 UNC 10 UNC 9 UNC 8 UNC 7 UNC 6 UNC 5 UNC 41⁄2 UNC 41⁄2 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UNC 4 UN 4 UN 4 UN 4 UN 0.800 18.440 10.807 128.000 184.566 19.331 77. Span (Ft) 7 7 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 16 17 19 22 23 25 27 28 30 32 33 Water Service Max.30 3.4 17.337 114.807 14.72 7.807 101.92 9. Span (Ft) 5 5 6 7 8 8 9 10 11 12 Water Service Max.6 12.2 730 1.600 24.02 3.480 5.11 Standard UNC thread thru 4" diameter and 4-UN-2A thread series for 41⁄4" diameter and larger. ⁄2 ⁄4 1 1 3 Nominal Tubing Size (in) 11⁄4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21⁄2 TABLE 3: Load Carrying Capacities of Threaded Hanger Rods.890 1.600 32.126 0.62 5.687 47.066 56. 80 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .500 114.419 0.900 84.7 15.139 88.057 1.160 3.000 129. TABLE 2: Maximum Horizontal Spacing Between Copper Tubing Supports 3 3 1⁄ 2 4 Max. *Many codes and specifications state “pipe hangers must be spaced every 10ft.096 APFH-12.100 71.72 4.302 0.230 4.551 0.0678 0.000 572 1. Span (Ft) 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16 Vapor Service NOTE: Spans shown in Tables 1 and 2 do not apply where there are concentrated loads between supports or where temperatures exceed 750°F. 650° F Maximum Safe Load (lbs) Rod Temperature. regardless of size.692 2.700 98.508 4.500 13. Rod Threads Diameter (in) per Inch Root Area of Coarse Thread (in2) Maximum Safe Load (lbs) Rod Temperature. Materials Carbon Steel with Minimum Actual Tensile Strength of 50 Ksi.900 9.295 31.350 2.29 1.800 49.000 146.202 0.62 6.400 60.530 3.1 13.74 2.A Typical Pipe Hanger Specification TABLE 1: Maximum Horizontal Spacing Between Pipe Supports for Standard Weight Steel Pipe* 1 ⁄2 3 Nominal Pipe Size (in) ⁄4 1 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 Max.620 7.300 39.982 144.

Gruvlok® Pipe Support When designing the hangers.0 12 3. DNmm Pipe Length in Feet/Meters 7 2. supports and anchors for a grooved-end pipe system.7 25 7.FLEXIBLE SYSTEM.7 40 12. STEEL PIPE FULL LINEAR MOVEMENT IS REQUIRED AVERAGE HANGERS PER PIPE LENGTH EVENLY SPACED Nominal Pipe Size Range In. the hanger or support system must provide for 1) the weight of the pipe./DNmm Maximum Span Between Supports Feet/meters For straight runs without concentrated loads and where full linear movement IS required use the table below.9 18 5.1 35 10. For straight runs without concentrated loads and where full linear movement is NOT required use the table on right.1 10 3.1 HANGER SPACING .7 14 4. The following factors should be considered when designing hangers and supports for a grooved-end pipe system. Pipe Hanger Spacing: The following charts show the maximum span between pipe hangers for straight runs of standard weight steel pipe filled with water or other similar fluids.3 16 4.6 30 9. and 3) permit required pipe system movement to relieve stress. Do not use these values where critical span calculations are made or where there are concentrated loads between supports. As with any pipe system.3 12 3.7 15 4. couplings. the piping designer must consider certain unique characteristics of the grooved type coupling in addition to many universal pipe hanger and support design factors.1 22 6. 2) reduce stresses at pipe joints.6 20 6. 1 25 1 1 ⁄4-2 32-50 21⁄2-4 65-100 5-8 125-200 10-12 250-300 14-16 350-400 18-24 450-600 7 2. HANGER SPACING LINEAR MOVEMENT NOT REQUIRED Nominal Pipe Size Range In.2 1-2 25-50 21⁄2-4 65-100 5-24 125-600 APFH-12.6 10 3.11 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 4 2 2 4 3 3 5 4 3 6 4 3 81 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data . fluid & pipe system components.5 20 6.

1 4.4 7.7 3.7 2.8 4.6 4.6 2.7 3.4 4.0 4.7 3.7 4 4.2 6. 250 psi and Fig.7 3.4 4.6 4.6 5 16 20 15 20 24 15 13 18 125 4.1 5. (1996 Edition).7 4.5 4.6 2. Table a.1. Table 6-2.11 .2 7.7 4.1 3./DNmm * ** *** * ** *** ** ** 1 7 9 12 9 10 12 – – 25 2.6 4.6 7.3D.1 3.6 6.7 4. table a *** Spacing by NFPA-13 Installation of Sprinkler Systems.6 11.1 3.6 9.3 4.6 6 17 21 15 21 26 15 14 21 150 5.6 4.6 2 10 13 15 13 15 15 9 12 50 3 4 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.8 7.3 8. Fig.6 4 5.7 3.3 4.6 2.D.1 7.0 3.6 4.6 18 27 27 15 35 42 15 – – 450 8.3 5.9 4. 16 19 15 20 24 15 – – 139.6 1 6 ⁄2 O.6 6.6 4 14 18 15 17 21 15 12 17 100 4. (1999 Edition).2 6.8 4.4 7.9 6. 16 20 15 20 24 15 – – 159.6 12 23 26 15 30 36 15 – – 300 7 7.6 10 19 25 15 24 33 15 – – 250 5.3c.6 4.1 4.7 2. 17 21 15 21 25 15 – – 165.9 Building Service Piping Code.1 7.7 51⁄4 O.4 3.0 4.6 8 19 23 15 24 29 15 – – 200 5.6 4.8 4.7 4.8 6.8 4. Nominal Size 82 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.8 7.6 * Spacing by ANSI-B31.6 3 4.2 6.6 4.3 4.7 1 1 ⁄2 7 12 15 9 13 15 – – 40 2.0 4.6 5.6 10.2 6. 15 18 15 19 22 15 – – 133.3 61⁄4 O.9 13. ** Spacing by ANSI-B31.6 10.2 8. 921.6 14 23 26 15 30 37 15 – – 350 7 7.6 6.0 4.1 11.3 4.6 6.3 5.2 5.1 10.0 4.3 5.9 6.6 5.D.8 4.3 9.1 2.4 4.7 4.6 5.6 6. 11 15 15 14 17 15 – – 76.1 4. 921.6 16 27 26 15 35 40 15 – – 400 8.2 6.6 3 O.6 4 4.6 21⁄2 11 15 15 14 17 15 9 12 65 3.D.7 11⁄4 7 11 12 9 12 12 – – 32 2.6 9.6 24 32 26 15 42 48 15 – – 600 9.6 12.1 41⁄4 O.6 6. 14 18 15 17 19 15 – – 108.1 4.Gruvlok® Pipe Support Continued HANGER SPACING .6 51⁄2 O.1 8.6 5.4 4.7 4.6 3 12 16 15 15 19 15 10 14 80 3.6 4.D.1.6 7.7 12.D.6 20 30 27 15 39 45 15 – – 500 9.4 4.8 4.6 4.8 14.3 5.7 12.6 3.RIGID SYSTEMS SUGGESTED MAXIMUM SPAN BETWEEN SUPPORTS COPPER TUBE STEEL PIPE Suggested Maximum Span Between Supports-Feet/Meters Water Gas & Air Service Service Water Service Air Service In.0 4.9 5.6 5.3 4.6 4.1 7.5 4.8 4.2.D.6 3.4 4.2 1 3 ⁄2 13 18 15 15 21 15 – – 90 4 5.1 Power Piping Code.7 5.1 4.9 4.3 4.

operating temperature and service conditions. load conditions.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 83 . APFH-12. The above table is meant as a general guideline. consideration should be given to the use of CPVC or continuous support above 120°F.00.) SCHEDULE 40 Temperature (°F) 60 80 100 120 140 60 SCHEDULE 80 Temperature (°F) 80 100 120 140 60 SCHEDULE 120 Temperature (°F) 80 100 120 140 ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 31⁄2 31⁄2 2 4 31⁄2 21⁄2 41⁄2 4 21⁄2 41⁄2 4 21⁄2 5 41⁄2 3 51⁄2 5 3 51⁄2 5 31⁄2 51⁄2 5 31⁄2 61⁄2 6 4 7 6 4 7 61⁄2 4 7 61⁄2 41⁄2 71⁄2 7 41⁄2 8 71⁄2 5 81⁄2 8 5 9 81⁄2 51⁄2 101⁄2 91⁄2 61⁄2 11 10 7 111⁄2 101⁄2 71⁄2 12 11 8 121⁄2 111⁄2 10 13 121⁄2 11 SDR 41 18 13 12 11 8 20 131⁄2 121⁄2 111⁄2 81⁄2 24 14 13 12 9 4 4 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 6 7 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 10 111⁄2 12 121⁄2 13 14 15 1 2 2 21⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 81⁄2 91⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 4 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 10 11 12 13 131⁄2 14 141⁄2 151⁄2 17 4 31⁄2 21⁄2 41⁄2 4 21⁄2 41⁄2 41⁄2 3 5 41⁄2 3 51⁄2 5 31⁄2 6 51⁄2 31⁄2 6 51⁄2 31⁄2 61⁄2 6 4 71⁄2 61⁄2 41⁄2 71⁄2 7 41⁄2 8 71⁄2 5 81⁄2 71⁄2 5 9 8 51⁄2 91⁄2 9 6 101⁄2 91⁄2 61⁄2 11 10 7 12 101⁄2 71⁄2 13 11 8 131⁄2 111⁄2 81⁄2 14 12 11 141⁄2 121⁄2 111⁄2 15 14 121⁄2 SDR 26 141⁄2 14 12 9 15 141⁄2 121⁄2 91⁄2 151⁄2 15 13 10 2 21⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 9 91⁄2 101⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 – – 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 61⁄2 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 101⁄2 111⁄2 – – – – – – – – – – 5 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 10 101⁄2 – – – – – – – – – – 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 – – – – – – – – – – 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 41⁄2 5 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 – – – – – – – – – – 21⁄2 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 – – – – – – – – NOTE: Although support spacing is shown at 140°F. This chart based on continuous spans and for un-insulated line carrying fluids of specific gravity up to 1.PVC Pipe Support Spacing General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data PVC PIPE SUPPORT SPACING Pipe Size (in. Local codes and specifications may also vary from the above recommended spacing and should be consulted for the applicable spacing requirements prior to installation. The possibility of temperature overrides beyond regular working temperatures and cost may either make either of the alternatives more desirable. it is recommended that the pipe manufacturer be consulted for specific spacing recommendations relating to their pipe.

load conditions. operating temperature and service conditions. Local codes and specifications may also vary from the above recommended spacing and should be consulted for the applicable spacing requirements prior to installation.11 . This chart based on continuous spans and for un-insulated line carrying fluids of specific gravity up to 1.00.CPVC Pipe Support Spacing CPVC PIPE SUPPORT SPACING Pipe Size (in. consideration should be given to the use of CPVC or continuous support above 120°F.) SCHEDULE 40 Temperature (°F) 73° 100° 120° 140° 160° 180° 73° SCHEDULE 80 Temperature (°F) 100° 120° 140° 160° 180° ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11⁄4 11⁄2 2 21⁄2 3 31⁄2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 1 5 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 6 7 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 81⁄2 91⁄2 101⁄2 111⁄2 12 13 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 6 7 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 8 9 10 101⁄2 11 12 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 51⁄2 61⁄2 7 7 7 71⁄2 81⁄2 91⁄2 10 10 11 4 4 41⁄2 5 5 5 6 6 61⁄2 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 4 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 8 81⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 6 7 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 7 8 8 81⁄2 81⁄2 10 11 111⁄2 121⁄2 15 16 5 51⁄2 6 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 91⁄2 101⁄2 11 12 131⁄2 15 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 6 61⁄2 71⁄2 71⁄2 8 81⁄2 9 10 101⁄2 111⁄2 121⁄2 131⁄2 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 7 71⁄2 71⁄2 8 9 91⁄2 101⁄2 11 12 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 71⁄2 91⁄2 10 21⁄2 21⁄2 3 3 31⁄2 31⁄2 4 4 41⁄2 41⁄2 5 51⁄2 6 61⁄2 8 81⁄2 NOTE: Although support spacing is shown at 140°F. The above table is meant as a general guideline. The possibility of temperature overrides beyond regular working temperatures and cost may either make either of the alternatives more desirable. it is recommended that the pipe manufacturer be consulted for specific spacing recommendations relating to their pipe. 84 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.

PIPE HANGERS COPPER TUBING HANGERS General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data Fig. 188 Two Hole Stand Off Strap Size Range: 3/4" thru 2" PIPE RINGS Fig. 108 Split Pipe Ring Size Range: 3/8" thru 8" Fig. 69F Fig. CT-255 Copper Tubing Alignment Guide Size Range: 1" thru 4" Fig. 600 & 599 Socket Clamp for Ductile Iron or Cast Iron Pipe & Socket Clamp Washer Size Range: 3" thru 24" pipe ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 85 . CT-138R Fig. CT-69 Adjustable Swivel Ring Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Fig. 138R Extension Split Pipe Clamp Size Range: 3/8" thru 3" Fig. CT-128R Rod Threaded Ceiling Flange Size Range: 3/8" thru 1/2" CPVC PIPE HANGERS Fig. 67F Light Duty Extension Split Adjustable Swivel Copper Tube Felt Adjustable Clevis Tubing Clamp Ring Felt Lined Lined Hanger Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Size Range: 1/2" thru 2" Size Range: 1/2" thru 6" Size Range: 1/2" thru 6" Fig. 185 One Hole Pipe Strap Size Range: 3/4" thru 2" Fig.11 Fig. CT-65 Fig. 595 & 594 Socket Clamp for Ductile Iron or Cast Iron Pipe & Socket Clamp Washer Size Range: 4" thru 24" pipe APFH-12. Split Ring Type Size Range: 3/4" thru 8" Fig. 186 Two Hole Pipe Strap Size Range: 3/4" thru 2" Fig. 69 Adjustable Swivel Ring Size Range: 1/2" thru 8" SOCKET CLAMPS Fig. 104 Adjustable Swivel Ring. 187 Two Hole 90˚ Side Mount Strap Size Range: 3/4" thru 2" Fig. CT-121 Copper Tubing Riser Clamp Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Fig.

67 Pipe or Conduit Hanger Size Range: 1 /2" thru 6" Fig. 190 Off-Set Eye Socket Size: 3/8" Fig. 590 Adjustable Clevis Adjustable Clevis for Insulated Lines for Ductile or Size Range: Cast Iron 3 /4" thru 12" Size Range: 3" thru 24" STEEL PIPE CLAMPS Fig. 216 Heavy Pipe Clamp Size Range: 3" thru 42" Fig. 212 Medium Pipe Clamp Size Range: 1 /2" thru 30" Fig. 295A Fig. 261 Extension Pipe or Riser Clamp Size Range: 3 /4" thru 24" Fig.PIPE HANGERS CLEVIS Fig. 194 Light Welded Steel Bracket Fig. 260 Adjustable Clevis Hanger Size Range: 1 /2" thru 30" Fig.11 86 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK . 295 Double Bolt Pipe Clamp Size Range: 3 /4" thru 36" Fig. 300 Fig. 100 Extended Pipe Clamp Size Range: 1 /2" thru 8" Fig. 206 Steel Side Beam Bracket Size Range: 3/8" thru 5/8" Fig. 103 Offset Pipe Clamp Size Range: 3 /4" thru 8" Fig. 189 Staight Eye Socket Size: 3/8" Fig. 224 Alloy Steel Pipe Clamp Size Range: 4" thru 16" Fig. 65 Light Duty Adjustable Clevis Size Range: 3 /8" thru 4" Fig. 260 ISS Clevis Hanger with Insulation Saddle System Size Range: 2" thru 16" Fig. 212FP Earthquake Bracing Clamp Size Range: 21/2" thru 12" Fig. 295H Fig. 40 Riser Clamp Standard Size Range: 2" thru 24" Fig. 195 Medium Welded Steel Bracket Fig. 199 Heavy Welded Steel Bracket APFH-12. 246 Heavy Duty Alloy Steel Pipe Clamp Size Range: 10" thru 24" Alloy Double Heavy Duty Double Bolt Pipe Clamp Bolt Pipe Clamp Size Range: Size Range: 11/2" thru 24" 6" thru 36" BRACKETS Fig. 207 Threaded Steel Side Beam Bracket Size Range: 3/8" and 1/2" Fig. 202 Iron Side Beam Bracket Size Range: 3/8" thru 5/8" Fig.

133 Fig. 218 Malleable Beam Clamp without Extension Piece Fig. 92 Universal C-Type Clamp Standard Throat Size Range: 3 /8" and 1/2" Fig. 86 & 88 C-Clamp with Set Screw and Lock Nut Size Range: 3 /8" thru 3/4" Fig. 228 Fig. 14 Adjustable Side Beam Clamp Size Range: 3 /8" thru 5/8" Fig. 66 Welding Beam Attachment Size Range: 3 /8" thru 31/2" Fig. 227 Top Beam Clamp Fig. 93 Universal C-Type Clamp Wide Throat Size Range: 3 /8" and 1/2" Fig. 112 & 113 Brace Fitting Complete Size Range: 1" and 11/4" U-BOLTS Fig. 89 Retaining Clip Size Range: 3 /8" thru 1/2" Fig. 137C Plastic Coated U-Bolts Size Range: 1/2" thru 8" Fig. 89X Retaining Clip Size Range: 3 /8" thru 3/4" Fig. 120 Light Weight U-Bolt Size Range: 1/2" thru 10" ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 87 . 134 Fig. 94 Wide Throat Top Beam C-Clamp Size Range: 5 /8" and 3/4" Fig. 54 Two-Hole Welding Beam Lug Size Range: 1 /2" thru 21/4" Fig. 95 C-Clamp with Locknut Size Range: 3 /8" and 1/2" Fig.11 Fig. 217 Adjustable Side Beam Clamp Size Range: 3" thru 75/8" Fig.PIPE HANGERS BEAM CLAMPS General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data Fig. 60 Steel Washer Plate Size Range: 3 /8" thru 33/4" Fig. 137 & 137S Standard U-Bolts Size Range: 1/2" thru 36" APFH-12. 292 & 292L Standard Duty Heavy Duty Beam Clamp Beam Clamp Size Range: 4" thru 12" Size Range: 4" thru 12" Universal Forged Steel Universal Forged Steel Beam Clamp Beam Clamp with Weldless Eye Nut STRUCTURAL ATTACHMENTS Fig. 55 & 55L Structural Welding Lug Size Range (55): 1 /2" thru 33/4" Size Range (55L): 1 /2" thru 2" Fig.

135 & 135E Straight Rod Coupling Size Range: 1/4" thru 1" Fig. 291 Clevis Pin with Cotters Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Machine Bolts and Hex Nuts STRAPS Fig. 262 Strap Short Size Range: 1/2" thru 4" Fig. 148 Rod with Eye End Size Range: 23/4" thru 5" Fig. 243 Fig. 136: Fig. 278X Linked Eye Rods Welded Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 114 Turnbuckle Adjuster Size Range: 1/4" thru 3/4" Fig. 136R: Fig. 146 Continuous Thread Size Range: 1/4" thru 11/2" Fig. 248 Eye Rod Not Welded Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 110R Socket. 244 88 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 233 Turnbuckle Size Range: 11/4" thru 5" Fig. 140 & 253 Machine Threaded Rods Threaded on Both Ends Size Range: 3/8" thru 5" Fig. 290 Weldless Eye Nut Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 248X Linked Eye Rods Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. Rod Threaded Size Range: 1/4" thru 7/8" Fig. 230 Turnbuckle Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 299 Forged Steel Clevis Size Range: 3/8" thru 4" Fig. 278 Eye Rod Welded Size Range: 3/8" thru 21/2" Fig. 136 & 136R Straight Rod Coupling Size Range: 1/4" thru 1" Fig.11 .PIPE HANGERS HANGER RODS & ATTACHMENTS Fig. 157 Extension Piece Size Range: 3/8" thru 7/8" Fig. 126 One-Hole Clamp Size Range: 3/8" thru 4" Pipe Strap Pipe Strap 1 Size Range: 1/2" thru 6" pipe Size Range: /2" thru 6" pipe Fig. 142 Coach Screw Rods Machine Threaded on Opposite End Size Range: 3/8" thru 1/2" Fig.

128R Rod Threaded. 282 Universal Concrete Insert Size Range: 3 /8" thru 7/8" Fig. 395 Cast Iron Ceiling Plate Size Range: 1/2" thru 8" Fig.PIPE HANGERS CONCRETE INSERTS & ATTACHMENTS General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data Fig. 52 Concrete Rod Attachment Plate Size Range: 3/8" thru 11/4" PIPE SUPPORTS Fig. 62 Type A. and C Pipe Stanchion Size Range: 21/2" thru 42" Fig. 281 Wedge Type Conrete Insert Size Range: 1 /4" thru 7/8" Fig. 49 Concrete Clevis Plate Size Range: 3/8" thru 13/4" Fig.11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 89 . 259 Pipe Saddle Support with U-Bolt Size Range: 4" thru 36" CEILING PLATES Fig. Ceiling Flange Size Range: 3/8" and 1/2" Fig. 191 Adjustable Pipe Saddle with U-Bolt Size Range: 2" thru 12" Fig. 258 Pipe Stanchion Saddle Size Range: 4" thru 36" Fig. B. and C Pipe Stanchion Size Range: 2" thru 18" Fig. 285 Light Weight Concrete Insert Size Range: 1 /4" thru 5/8" Fig. 47 Concrete Single Lug Plate Size Range: 1/2" thru 2" Fig. 265 Adjustable Pipe Saddle Support with U-Bolt Size Range: 4" thru 36" Fig. 127 Plastic Ceiling Plate Size Range: 3/8" and 1/2" Fig. 284 Metal Deck Hanger Size Range: 3/8" thru 3/4" Fig. 264 Adjustable Pipe Saddle Support Size Range: 21/2" thru 36" Fig. 286 Iron Cross Size Range: 3 /4" thru 11/2" Fig. 152 Screw Concrete Insert Size Range: 3 /8" thru 7/8" Fig. 63 Type A. B. 153 Pipe Hanger Flange Size Range: 3/8" thru 3/4" APFH-12. 192 Adjustable Pipe Saddle Size Range: 2" thru 12" Fig.

Complete Size Range: 6" thru 36" Fig. 171 Single Pipe Roll Size Range: 1" thru 30" Fig. 274P & 275 Adjustable Pipe Roll Stand Size Range: 2" thru 42" PIPE GUIDES & SLIDES Fig. 181 Adjustable Steel Yoke Pipe Roll Size Range: 21/2" thru 24" Fig. 439 & 439A Structural "H" Slide Assembly. 277 Pipe Roll and Base Plate Size Range: 2" thru 24" Fig. 256 Fig. 168 Fig. 178 Spring Cushion Hanger Fig. 167 Fig. 177 Adjustable Pipe Roll Support Size Range: 1" thru 30" Fig. 436 & 436A Pipe Alignment Guide Pipe Alignment Guide Structural Tee Slide Assembly Fabricated Tee Slide Assembly Size Range: 1" thru 24" pipe Size Range: 1" thru 24" pipe Size Range: All sizes within Size Range: All sizes within and insulation thickness and insulation thickness maximum load rating maximum load rating of 1" thru 4" of 1" thru 4" Fig. 432 Special Clamp Size Range: 2" thru 24" Fig.11 . 271 Pipe Roll Stand Size Range: 2" thru 42" Fig. 274. 255 Fig.PIPE HANGERS PIPE ROLLS Fig. 257 & 257A Fig. 212 Medium Pipe Clamp Size Range: 2" thru 30" PIPE SHIELDS & SADDLES Fig. 160 to 166A Pipe Covering Protection Saddle Size Range: 3/4" thru 36" Insulation Protection Shield Rib-Lok Shield Size Range: 1/2" thru 24" pipe with up Size Range: 1/2" thru 8" pipe or copper to 2" thick insulation tube with up to 2" thick insulation 90 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. 175 Roller Chair Size Range: 2" thru 30" pipe Fig.

50 Equal Leg Angle for Trapeze Assembly SWAY BRACE – SIESMIC PIPE BRACE CLAMPS Fig. 770 Q Brace Clamp Size Range: 1" thru 6" Service Pipe Fig. 776 Fig. 779 Multi-Connector Adapter Size Range: 1" thru 8" Service Pipe Adjustable Steel Beam Attachment Bar Joist and Beam Attachment (WF) Size Range: Flange Widths 4" thru 15" Size Range: 1 3 Flange Thickness /8" thru /4" RESTRAINTS SWAY BRACE ATTACHMENT Fig.PIPE HANGERS TRAPEZE General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data Trapeze Fig.Rod Tap Size Range: 3/8" Rod Diameter Fig. 45 Channel Assembly Fig. 773 Surge Restrainer Size Range: 3 /4" thru 2" Swivel Ring Hanger APFH-12. 778 Fig. 775 Brace Clamp Lateral/Longitudinal Brace Clamp Size Range: 21/2" thru 8" Service Pipe Size Range: 21/2" thru 8" Service Pipe STRUCTURAL ATTACHMENTS Fig.11 Fig. 772 Fig. 777 Swivel Joint Connector . 46 Universal Trapeze Assembly Fig. 771 Sway Brace Swivel Attachment Size Range: 1" and 11/4" Brace Pipe ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 91 .

Level pipe using spirit level. Level pipe using spirit level. 2. In addition to using welding rings. 4. Pipe-to-Pipe 1. Place tee to pipe leaving small welding gap.Alignment of Pipe Proper alignment is important if a piping system is to be correctly fabricated. 90˚ Elbow-to-Pipe 1. Tee-to-Pipe 1. Tack weld top and bottom. 4. Welding rings may be employed to assure proper alignment as well as the correct welding gap. 4. 2. 6. Level one length of pipe using spirit level. Repeat procedure. 3. 3. Place spirit level on face of tee and maneuver tee until level. Place fitting to pipe leaving small welding gap. Tack weld in place. 4. 45˚ Elbow-to-Pipe 1. 92 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Place fitting to pipe leaving small welding gap. Tack weld in place. Bring lengths together leaving only small welding gap. Place spirit level over both pipes as shown and maneuver unpositioned length until both are level. some simple procedures can be followed to assist the pipe fitter. Poor alignment may result in welding difficulties and a system that does not function properly. Below and on the following page are alignment procedures commonly used by today’s craftsmen. 3. Tack weld in place. Level pipe using spirit level. Place 45˚ spirit level on face of elbow and maneuver elbow until bubble is centered. 2.11 . 3. Rotate pipe 90°. 5. 2. Place spirit level on face of elbow and maneuver elbow until level.

Cut Notch. 2. 5. Place elbow in jig and saw half thru sides of channel iron as shown. 1 ⁄8" x 3⁄4" for sizes 1" or smaller. Align top two holes of flange with spirit level.11 1 20 18 16 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4 1⁄ 2 7 F 5 ⁄16 U 27 ⁄64 31 ⁄64 17 ⁄32 21 ⁄32 49 ⁄64 7 ⁄8 63 ⁄64 17⁄64 17⁄32 111⁄32 19⁄16 125⁄32 ⁄8 1 ⁄4 3 ⁄8 1 ⁄2 3 ⁄4 1 11 ⁄ 4 11 ⁄ 2 2 21 ⁄ 2 3 31 ⁄ 2 4 1 27 18 18 14 14 111 ⁄ 2 111 ⁄ 2 111 ⁄ 2 111 ⁄ 2 8 8 8 8 R ⁄ 16 37 ⁄ 64 23 ⁄ 32 59 ⁄ 64 15 ⁄ 32 11 ⁄ 2 147 ⁄ 64 27 ⁄ 32 25 ⁄ 8 31 ⁄ 4 3 3⁄ 4 41 ⁄ 4 7 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 93 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data . 2. TAP AND DRILL SIZES* Tap Size Threads/In. 6.Alignment of Pipe Continued Flange-to-Pipe 1. Drill Size DRILL SIZES FOR NPT PIPE TAPS Tap Size Threads/In. Cut out 90° notches about 9" from end. Jig for Small Diameter Piping The jig is made from channel iron 3' 9" long. Use 1⁄8" x 11⁄2" for pipe sizes 11⁄4" thru 3". Heat & Bend Weld Sides Cut Slots Using Fitting as Guide Weld Sides 1. A used hack saw blade placed in notch as shown will provide proper welding gap. 3. Drill Dia. Center square on face of flange as shown. Check sides in same way. Bend channel iron to 90° angle and weld sides. 4. ⁄4 5 ⁄16 3 ⁄8 7 ⁄16 1 ⁄2 9 ⁄16 5 ⁄8 3 ⁄4 7 ⁄8 1 1 1⁄ 8 1 1⁄ 4 1 3⁄ 8 1 1⁄ 2 1 3⁄ 4 2 *Unified National Coarse APFH-12. Bring flange to pipe end leaving small welding gap. Repeat this step with several elbows so jig may be used for different operations. 3. 5. Tack weld in place. Heat bottom of notch with torch. 4. Tack weld in place.

11 .Long Radius LR LR Elbow .Turned Down Elbow .90˚ Elbow .Turned Up Elbow .Base Elbow .45˚ Elbow .Reducing 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 94 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.Double Branch Elbow .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Bell & Spigot 6 4 Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Bushing (Reducing) Cap 2 2 6 6 4 6 6 2 6 6 4 2 6 4 6 2 6 4 Cross (Reducing) Cross (Straight) Crossover 6 4 Elbow .

11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 95 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data .Street Joint .Eccentric Valve .Expansion Lateral Orifice Plate Reducing Flange Plug .Side Outlet (OutletUp) Elbow .Pipe Reducer .Gate Angle Gate (Plan) APFH-12.Side Outlet (Outlet Down) Elbow .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Continued Bell & Spigot Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Elbow .Connecting Pipe Joint .Bull Plug .Concentric Reducer .

11 .Float Valve .By-Pass Valve (Auto) .Globe (Plan) Valve (Auto) .Diaphragm Valve .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Continued Bell & Spigot Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Valve .Gate Motor Operated Valve .Governor Operated Valve .Cock Valve .Gate* Valve .Globe Angle Globe (Elevation) Valve .Globe Motor Operated *Also used for General Stop Valve when amplified by specification. 96 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.Globe Valve .Reducing Valve .Check (Straight Way) Valve .

Quick Opening Valve .Lockshield Valve .Straight Tee .Reducing 6 2 4 6 2 4 6 2 4 6 2 4 6 2 4 Tee .Hose Gate Valve .Hose Globe Valve .Outlet Down Tee .Angle Hose Angle Valve .Outlet Up Tee .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Continued Bell & Spigot Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Valve .Saftey Sleeve Tee .11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 97 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data .Double Sweep Tee .Single Sweep APFH-12.

11 .Symbols for Pipe Fittings Continued Bell & Spigot Flanged Screwed Welded Soldered Tee .Side Outlet (Outlet Down) Tee .Side Outlet (Outlet Up) Union Angle Valve Check Angle Valve Gate 98 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12.

.............. A bevel cut on the O................................ Building Officials Conference of America Bell Reducer ...... Cavitation .............. American Gas Association ANSI... A recess in a wall in which pipes can be run.......... or threaded to non-threaded....... APFH-12....... A flange used to seal off the end of a pipe............................. Another term for a concentric reducer........................ Made on to a fitting by use of a steel bar as opposed to a wrench... A circumferential weld in pipe fusing the abutting pipe walls completely from inside wall to outside wall............................. Chamfer ...................................................................................... A type of screw thread commonly used on pipe and fittings.............. A device of means to prevent backflow (siphonage) into a potable water system.. Cast Iron Carbon Steel Pipe .......................... Steel pipe that owes its properties mostly to the carbon it contains. In a standard nipple both ends are chamfered.................................... A localized gaseous condition that is found within a liquid stream......................................... A nipple with a length twice the length of a standard pipe thread. A softening treatment consisting of heating carbon or alloy steel or cast iron to an appropriate temperature....................................................................... A flange with a sealing surface on one side for connecting to a flanged fitting or flanged valve and a pipe thread entrance on the other side......... Black Pipe..................................... Annealing ....... CI......................................11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 99 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data ... American Society of Plumbing Engineers ASHRAE ....... American Society for Testing Material AWWA ...... A nipple with NPT threads and a shorter overall length than a close nipple used when there is a space consideration. Companion Flange .......................................... American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASPE ........................ American Society of Heating.............. Bubble Tight .... American Petroleum Institute ASME .................................... Butt Weld .................. Alloy ....... riser or stack........................ Close Nipple....... Butt Nipple ... Bar Plug................ holding the temperature for a proper period of time and slowly cooling to ambient temperature.... BOCA................ The condition of a valve seat that prohibits the leakage of visible bubbles when closed....... Bushing ............................. Refrigeration.................................Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations AGA ........... Air Conditioning Engineers ASTM............ Blind Flange ..........................D........... American National Standards Institute API.. Non-galvanized steel pipe with a lacquer finish.................................. A pipe fitting for connecting a pipe with a female or larger size fitting: it has a hollow plug with male and female threads........................................................................ The outlet of the tee is larger than the run.............. of a pipe nipple at 35 degrees (plus/minus 10 degrees) to axis........... Iron plugs in the 4" thru 8" size that have slotted rather than square heads..... Backflow Preventer ............................... Chase. A fitting that joins two different type of pipe together such as PVC to cast iron..................................... A special order item...................... Bull Head Tee ..... American Standard Pipe Thread . Any part of the piping system other than a main.. Branch..................................... American Water Works Association Adaptor ......................................... A substance composed of two or more metals or a metal and a compound................

.................. 100 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12. Cut Lengths................. Standard internal threads on pipe fittings... Cutting device used to thread pipe.......... End Connection. A fitting having insulating parts or material that prohibits flow of electric current......... Description of piping material indicating thicker than standard............................................... Dielectric Fitting ........... The dimensions from the face of the inlet port to the face of the outlet port of a fitting or valve. Coupling.......Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued Continuous Weld Pipe (CW)................ Face Bushing .. Drainage... Die....................... FIP.. usually in square or hexagon pattern.................................... A term used to describe soil or waste systems where all piping is threaded............... A low pattern bushing used when a smooth transition is required between fitting and nipple when insulating..............................11 ................. waste and vent system.... Fittings whose openings are offset allowing liquid to flow freely. each pair on one axis.............. the wings have countersunk holes to secure to a ceiling or wall.. Electrogalvanizing ... and the axis at right angles................................ DWV......... A set of these attach to dieheads and is mounted on a threader. Drop Ear Elbow . Pipe cut to a specific length as ordered..................... Electric Resistance Weld Pipe (ERW) ............ Cross-Connection ....................................................................... Heat and pressure form the weld Countersunk Plug........14..... Elbow ... The edges of steel are firmly pressed together by rolls to obtain a forged weld. Any connection or situation that may allow wastewater to enter the water supply system....... A pipe fitting with four branches in pairs............................. Eccentric Fittings......... Female iron pipe connection........ The method of connecting the parts of a piping system............... Extra Heavy ... A bushing without the hex head................ Face to Face Dimension ......... Also used for reducing with 300# fittings as recommended by ASME B16...... Dry-Pipe Valve ....... Pasty lubricant used to seal pipe threads prior to making a threaded pipe connection.................. Durham System. Dope ............ A process on bonding a layer of zinc to steel or iron involving electroplating by running a current through a saline/zinc solution with a zinc anode and a steel or iron conductor........................ When the link in the sprinkler head melts releasing air from the system the valve opens allowing water to flow..... A low pattern plug lacking a protruding head rather with a recess or socket............ A small elbow having wings cast on each side............... A valve used with a dry-pipe sprinkler system where water is on one side of the valve and air is on the other side..... A pipe fitting with female threads used to connect two pipes in a straight line.... Cross .......... Cold finished pipe made by flat steel is cold shaped into tubular form and then welded at the seam from heat generated by resistance to the flow of electric current applied through electrical contacts........... A fitting that makes a 90 degree angle between adjacent pipes unless another angle is specified..... A process for making smaller diameter pipe through 41/2" where the entire continuous ribbon of steel is heated in a furnace to the required temperature for forming and fusing...............................................

...... International Association of Plumbing & Mechanical Officials ISO 9000........ Developed by the International Organization for Standardization..... The internal thread in pipe fittings........ A circumferential groove that has been forced or swagged into a pipe segment........... Floor Flange ....... A construction flange with no pressure rating............................................ A process where the surface of iron or steel piping or fittings is covered with a layer of zinc.... A large pipe from which a number of smaller ones are connected in line from the side of the large pipe. Not recognized by industry specification.... The metal is displaced inside the pipe.... Metal is removed in this process...... at right angles to the pipe........................... No metal is removed in the process.. Galvanizing.............................. valves.......... provided with holes for bolts to allow fastening the pipe to similarly equipped adjoining pipe.......................................... Galvanized GPM ................Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued Female Thread ......... APFH-12.......... A pipe union that has a brass or copper grounding section between the two............ A fitting designed to join pipe or tubing by means of pressure or friction. Used to secure structural components.................. Where the parts to be joined are precisely finished and then ground so that the seal is tight............. HVAC .... A flat device usually made of fiber or rubber used to provide a watertight seal between metal joints.. to floors or walls.... hand rails................. Flange... FM ........ Friction Loss ..................................... Gasket .... For use in a grooved-end piping system... Heating... The loss of pressure caused by the turbulence created in water while traveling through pipe........... Ground Joint Union .... e....... Fitting................ When two dissimilar metals are immersed in the same electrolytic solution and connected electrically there is an interchange of atoms carrying an electric charge between them........ GAL............g............................ ventilation and air conditioning Half Coupling............ A series of five standards for developing a total quality management system........ Gallons per minute Galvanic Action... IAPMO.......... For use in a groovedend piping system..... The process of coating iron or steel with a layer of zinc by passing the metal through a molten batch of zinc at a temperature of 450 deg F.............. A ring-shaped plate at the end of a pipe........................................... Groove ... Header........................... Solid pieces of steel are forced into fitting shapes under very high temperature and pressure and then machined into final form.....11 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 101 General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data ........... A fitting which utilizes a radically extended collar for sealing and connection........ Steel pipe coated with zinc to resist corrosion............... Groove .................................. Forged Steel Fittings .................................. Hot Dip Galvanizing ...............Roll .......... Ground Joint ........ fittings and valves.... Factory Mutual Engineering Corp............ A circumferential groove that has been cut into a segment of pipe. Flange Fitting ...................Cut ..................... Compression....... The anode metal with the higher electrode potential corrodes with the cathode protected... etc................ Galvanized Pipe. A full steel coupling sawed in half................................................. Gallons GALV..... Uses as drain or valve access ports in steel tanks.............

. Pounds per square inch guage Pickling .................... NPT... a nipple is 12" and under in length with a male thread at both ends........ Cast iron that is heat-treated to reduce brittleness allowing the material to stretch slightly.........................................” Mill Length .................................... OEM . dirt.............. Same as MPT........... Nominal pipe size...................Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued ID ...... odorless fuel derived from the earth consisting primarily of Methane (CH4)................ Original Equipment Manufacturer Offset ............. Male iron pipe connection......................S............... Outside Diameter...... Lateral Fitting .............................. Pipe ............. Nipple............................................................................................D........... Term is interchangeable with “Header................... Normally...... An agency accepted by the administrative authority which lists and maintains a periodic inspection program on current production................................. A colorless................ OD........... Normalizing ................................ A malleable nut having a packing recess for seals for use in tank applications. Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Listed ................................ run of mill pipe 16 to 20 feet in length...... A wye (Y) fitting with an outlet at a 45 degree angle from the run........................................... Also known as random length........ Same as NPS.................. Pipe immersed into an acid bath for removal of scale.................................... where the nominal size is the outside diameter and not the inside diameter.. Standard external threads on pipes and fittings......... Nominal Pipe Taper (American Standard Pipe Taper Thread) NPSC................. MPT ......... oil.................. The listing states that the equipment or material complies with approved standards or has been tested and found suitable for use in a specified manner.... Mercaptans (odors) are added to aid in leak detection.................................................. Male pipe thread where the threads are on the outside of pipes and fittings........11 ..................... Same as IPS.................... Locknut...... Nipples are used to connect fittings........ MI ........................... Listing Agency .............. Some pipe is made in double lengths of 30 to 35 feet NPS ............. Performed to refine the crystal structure and eliminate internal stress...... 102 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK APFH-12..... extend lines and provide proper threading distances at the right locations.... A heat treatment applied to steel involving heating above the critical range followed by cooling in still air............. Malleable Iron................. A combination of pipe and/or fittings that joins two nearly parallel sections of a pipe line....................... Pounds per square inch PSIG.... PSI ...... A fitting with a number of branches in line connecting to smaller pipes.. O........................ Nominal Pipe Straight Coupling (American Standard Straight Coupling Thread) NSF ............P............................................................ NSF International (formerly National Sanitation Foundation) Natural Gas ............ LEED .. etc..................... Equipment or materials included in a list published by an organization that maintains periodic inspection on current production...................................... The diameter of a pipe measured from the outside edges......................................... Pipe that measures over 14” N....................... Manifold ...... Inside diameter IPS .................. Iron pipe size................ Malleable iron MIP .....................

Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued
Plug................................................... Has a male thread and is used to close an opening. Can be made from iron or steel. Cored plugs are for standard applications while solid are for extra heavy applications. The head is typically square pattern. Recessed or countersunk plugs are in square or hexagonal pattern. Ready Cut Pipe ......................... Pipe normally threaded both ends in lengths longer than 12" but shorter than 21'. Also referred to as cut pipe. Reducer ......................................... A pipe fitting with inside threads that is larger at one end than the other. Right Hand/Left Hand Nipples (couplings) ................ A nipple with a right hand thread on one side and a left hand thread on the other side. To be used with RH/LH couplings Takes the place of a union in tight areas to permit line connections and disconnections. Riser ................................................. A water supply pipe that extends vertically one full story or more to carry water to branches. SMLS................................................ Seamless pipe SPEC ................................................. Specification STD ................................................... Standard Saturated Steam...................... Steam at the same temperature as water boils under the same pressure. Schedule ....................................... Numbers assigned to different wall thicknesses of pipe (e.g. 40, 80, 160) Screwed Joint ............................ A pipe joint consisting of threaded male and female parts threaded together. Seamless Pipe ............................ Pipe or tube formed by piercing a billet of steel and then rolling. Service Tee .................................. Tee fitting with male threads on one run opening and female threads on the other run opening and outlet. Service Pipe ................................ A pipe connecting water or gas mains with a building. Short Nipple .............................. A nipple whose length is a little greater than that of two threaded lengths or somewhat longer than a close nipple so that it has some unthreaded portion between the two threads. Shoulder Nipple ...................... A nipple halfway between the length of a close nipple and a short nipple. Socket Weld ............................... A joint made by use of a socket weld fitting which has a prepared female end or socket for insertion of the pipe to which it is welded. Sprinkler System ..................... An integrated system of underground and overhead piping designed in accordance with fire protection engineering standards. Stainless Steel Pipe................ An alloy steel pipe with corrosion-resisting properties, usually imparted by nickle and chromium. Straight Thread ........................ A parallel thread that lacks taper. Street Elbow............................... An elbow with male thread on one end and female thread on the other. Superheated Steam ............... Steam at a higher temperature than that at which water would boil under the same pressure. Tank Nipple ................................ Nipples are in 6" lengths only. One side has a standard NPT thread while the other has a straight running NPSL thread. Can be used as tank legs or as a threaded port in the side of a steel tank secured with a lock nut.
APFH-12.11

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 103

General Hanger Spacing & Beam Forged Steel & Oil Country Information Hanger Product Dimensions Fitting Data

Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations Continued
Tapered Threads...................... Male and female threads designed with a 60 degree angle, deeper at the end of the pipe or fitting and increasingly shallower the further they are from the end of the pipe or fitting. Tee..................................................... A fitting that has one side outlet at right angles to the run. Thermal Movement of Pipe ............................................ The calculated movement, expansion or contraction, in a pipe run or segment there of caused by heating or cooling of the pipe. UL ...................................................... Underwriter’s Laboratories, Inc. Union............................................... Basically, two couplings held together with a nut that permit connections and disconnections with little disturbance to pipe sections. Unions commonly have a brass or copper seat ring between the couplings. Union - All Iron ......................... A union without a copper, copper alloy or brass seat ring. Used in piping applications where alkalis or acids are present. Union Ell........................................ An ell with a male or female union at one end. Union Tee ..................................... A tee with a male or female union at one end of the run. Wall Thickness .......................... The thickness of the tubing or pipe wall. Waste Nut .................................... A malleable nut with two screw holes on either side of the pipe opening. Used for mounting to equipment panels. Water Hammer ......................... The noise and vibration which develops in a piping system when a column of non-compressable liquid flowing through a pipe line at a given pressure and velocity is abruptly stopped. W.O.G. ............................................. Water, oil, gas: refers to the pressure rating of a fitting in ambient temperature. WSP .................................................. Working steam pressure: Refers to the pressure rating of a fitting at saturated steam temperature. Wye (Y) .......................................... A fitting that has one side outlet at an angle other than 90 degrees. XH ..................................................... Extra Heavy

104 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK

APFH-12.11

NOTES

ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK 105

NOTES 106 ANVIL® PIPE FITTERS HANDBOOK .

sway struts and snubbers as well as standard and special design clamps. and other dynamic loading conditions. malleable iron and ductile iron threaded fittings. pump protection components. fittings and flanges. constant supports. . pre-galvanized. Catawissa’s oilfield wing union product line includes the standard ball-andcone design plus our unique Figure 300 Flat Face design. and steel welding flanges for fire protection applications. aluminum. Black or Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Welded or Seamless. plain. Phosphate and Electro Galvanized. The product line encompasses variable spring hangers. as well as copper and stainless steel system components. ™ Canvil® manufactures low pressure hexagon reducer bushings. unions and flanges. steel pipe nipples. Anvil-Strut™ products include a complete line of channel in stock lengths of 10 and 20 feet. forged steel fittings and unions. JB Smith is the leading manufacturer of oil country tubular fittings. steel pipe couplings. as well as o’lets. drop nipples. The Merit ® product line includes a variety of tee-lets. and rated from 175 to 300 psi. forged steel couplings and bar stock products offered as either as normalized (A105N) or non-normalized (A105) that are fully traceable for mechanicals and chemistry through our MTR program. Steel pipe nipples and steel pipe couplings are manufactured in accordance with the ASTM A733 Standard Specification for Welded and Seamless Carbon Steel and Stainless Steel Pipe Nipples. and engineered hangers. API couplings are manufactured in accordance with the API Specification for line pipe. and stainless steel. seismic. In addition. seamless steel pipe nipples. casing nipples as well as a full line of traditional line pipe and oil country threads in every schedule. Zinc Trivalent Chromium. threaded rod.B R A N D S O F A N V I L I N T E R N AT I O N A L Anvil® product lines include malleable and cast iron fittings. pipe hangers and supports. Most Merit products are UL/ULC Listed. The SPF/Anvil™ product line includes a variety of internationally sourced products such as grooved couplings. Steel pipe couplings are manufactured in accordance with the ASTM A865 Standard Specification for Threaded Couplings. The Gruvlok ® product line consists of couplings for grooved and plain-end fittings. Anvil EPS-Engineered Pipe Supports are products used to support piping systems under thermal. Fully traceable and available with complete mill certifications. pipe grooving tools. and are interchangeable with most leading union manufacturers. as well as plugs and hex caps up to 1” in diameter in various finishes including Oil Treat. swages and bull plugs – all meeting API specifications. Offering tubing nipples. All products can be ordered in an assortment of finishes and material choices including SupR-Green™. Canvil manufactures A105 hex or round material in class 3000 and 6000 pound. A variety of fittings and accessories are also offered. universal anvilets. FM Approved. electro-galvanized. cast iron. JB Smith is the resource for all your oilfield needs. with custom lengths available upon request. where space and pipe line separation are a consideration. flanges. Catawissa™ NACE and API approved wing unions for Standard Service are offered in non-pressure seal ends as well as threaded and butt weld. Steel. hot-dipped galvanized. Anvil EPS brings the highest quality products and innovative engineering solutions to common and uncommon piping system problems. for Use in Steel Pipe Joints. butterfly valves and check valves.

IL Tel: 708-885-3000 Fax: 708-534-5441 Toll Free: 1-800-301-2701 Irving. Colorado.12 .S.CUSTOMER SERVICE CENTERS UNITED STATES University Park. Missouri. Georgia. PA 17512 ONTARIO 1470 S. Canada and Waalwijk. Tennessee. Massachusetts. TX 75061 COLUMBIA 800 Malleable Road Columbia. PUERTO RICO AND LATIN AMERICA International Customer Service Tel: +1-708-885-3000 Fax: +1-708-534-5441 U. Washington and Wisconsin INTERNATIONAL: Ontario. New York. Suite 150 Irving.com #030/Printed in USA/© Copyright 2012 Revision Date: 4. Netherlands *Inventory varies at locations www. Ontario Tel: 519-426-4551 Fax: 519-426-5509 EUROPE AND MIDDLE EAST Tel: +31-53-5725570 Fax: +31-53-5725579 International Customer Service Tel: +1-708-885-3000 Fax: +1-708-534-5441 MEXICO.3. REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION CENTERS UNIVERSITY PARK 750 Central Avenue University Park. TX Tel: 972-871-1206 Fax: 972-641-8946 Toll Free: 1-800-451-4414 CANADA Simcoe. Texas.anvilintl. Minnesota. Vintage Avenue Ontario. IL 60484 IRVING 1401 Valley View Lane. CA 91761 additional INVENTORY LOCATIONS* UNITED STATES: Arizona. Indiana.

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