STEEL ESTIMATE RATIO

SUBSTRUCTURE
Pile Caps
Tie beams
Ground Beams
bases
Footings
Retaining Walls
Stub Column
SUPERSTRUCTURE
Slabs-one way
Slabs-two way
Plate Slab
cant. Slab
Ribbed Floors
Column
Beams
Stairs
Walls Nomail
Walls Wind
Staell Density=7850kg/m3

kg/m3
110
130
225-330
90
70
110
150-250

As%
1.4
1.7
2.8-4.2
1.15
0.9
1.4
1.9-3.2

75
65-85
95
90
80
165-225
225-330
130
30
50

1
0.8-1.1
1.2
1.15
1
2.1-2.9
2.8-4.2
1.7
0.4
0.6

For exposed elements add the following %- Wall 50%, beam 10%, column 15%

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