85747478 Anchor Bolt Design Guide | Structural Load | Concrete

Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures

Parsons Brinckerhoff

December 2008

Revision 0

Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures

Table of Contents
1.0 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 1-1

2.0 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS............................................................................................... 2-1 2.1. TYPES OF ANCHORS .................................................................................................................... 2-1 2.2. GLOSSARY OF TERMS ................................................................................................................. 2-3 2.3. ANCHOR SELECTION ................................................................................................................... 2-4 3.0 DESIGN CRITERIA.................................................................................................................... 3-1 3.1. GENERAL .................................................................................................................................... 3-1 3.2. CRITERIA .................................................................................................................................... 3-2 3.3. CAST-IN-PLACE AND CEMENTITIOUS GROUTED ANCHORS ......................................................... 3-4 3.4. POST-INSTALLED MECHANICAL ANCHORS ................................................................................. 3-4 3.5. POST-INSTALLED ADHESIVE ANCHORS ...................................................................................... 3-5 3.6. ANCHOR REINFORCEMENT OR SUPPLEMENTARY REINFORCEMENT ............................................ 3-6 4.0 DESIGN EXAMPLES ................................................................................................................. 4-1 4.1. CAST-IN-PLACE AND CEMENTITIOUS GROUTED ANCHORS ......................................................... 4-1 4.2. POST-INSTALLED MECHANICAL ANCHORS ................................................................................. 4-1 4.3. POST-INSTALLED ADHESIVE ANCHORS ...................................................................................... 4-1 5.0 6.0 REFERENCES ............................................................................................................................. 5-1 GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................................................ 6-1

ATTACHMENT A ATTACHMENT B ATTACHMENT C

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Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures

1.0 Introduction
This design guide applies to cast-in-place, cementitious grouted, post-installed mechanical and post-installed adhesive steel anchors and reinforcing bars. This guide does not apply to specialty inserts, through–bolts, multiple anchors connected to a single plate, or direct fasteners such as powder or pneumatic actuated nails or bolts. It has been prepared for use by Parsons Brinckerhoff (PB) engineering staff and may not be distributed to or used by others without written approval of PB. This guide is applicable to steel anchors used in transportation structures, including but not limited to buildings; fixed and movable highway bridges, pedestrian bridges and viaducts; light and heavy rail structures; below-grade structures including tunnels and open approaches; and ancillary structures such as ladders, railings, platforms, barriers, fences, sign structures and luminaries. While this guide is referenced to US standards and specifications, it is recognized that it may need to be modified for specific projects where additional codes and criteria may also apply. It is a guide, not a standard or a specification, and it may not apply to certain applications; thus, its use shall be under the supervision of a licensed professional engineer with relevant applicable experience. This guide is an outgrowth of the collapse of a portion of the Central Artery tunnel ceiling support system in 2006. While those involved at the time believed that they had followed appropriate materials and procedures, an investigation by the National Transportation Safety Board identified problems in the materials, design and installation of the adhesive anchors used in the tunnel ceiling support system as the cause of the collapse. In response, PB has prepared this design guide. In preparing this guide, it was recognized that there was a need for a guide that considered all types of anchors used in transportation structures. Thus, the intent is to make available to PB staff a guide that can be used for the design and installation of anchors in the various types of transportation structures that are designed and/or inspected by PB. With regard to adhesive anchors in particular, this guide reflects what is believed to be the current state of the art. However, studies and code development for adhesive anchors are currently underway by both the National Cooperative Highway Research Board and the American Concrete Institute Committee 355, Anchorage to Concrete. It is anticipated that these efforts will revise the current criteria used in this guide. Thus, this guide will be revised as those new criteria/codes are developed. It is very important that those professionals using anchors and in particular adhesive anchors, stay abreast of the technical literature when considering, designing or installing adhesive anchors. This guide was prepared, under the supervision of Tony Lancellotti, P.E., by Michael J. Abrahams, P.E. and Julio Valvezan, P.E., and they request that any comments or errors be sent to either Abrahams@pbworld.com or Valvezan@pbworld.com.

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Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures

2.0 General Considerations
2.1. TYPES OF ANCHORS

Cast-in-Place Anchors

Grouted Anchor

Anchor Sleeves

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Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures Post-Installed Mechanical Anchors Undercut Mechanical Anchor Screw Anchor Wedge Expansion Anchor Undercut Anchor Sleeve Anchor PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2-2 .

These are typically referred to as epoxy. Mechanical anchors include expansion anchors. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2-3 . and screw anchors. or polyester anchors.2.Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures Post-Installed Adhesive Anchor with Capsule Adhesive Anchor Capsule Post-Installed Adhesive Anchor with Adhesive Cartridge and Gun Adhesive Anchor Cartridges and Nozzles 2. sleeve anchors undercut anchors. acrylic. chemical. Post-Installed Anchors – Anchors installed in hardened concrete. GLOSSARY OF TERMS Adhesive Anchor – A device for transferring tension and shear loads to structural concrete. Mechanical Anchor – An anchor inserted into hardened concrete that transfers loads to or from the concrete by direct bearing or friction or both. consisting of an anchor element embedded with an adhesive compound in a hole that has been drilled in hardened concrete. The anchor may be torque-controlled or displacement-controlled.

The undercutting is achieved with a special drill before installing the anchor or alternatively by the anchor itself during its installation. Under recent codes. cracking is assumed to occur when. The strength of many anchors is limited. The direction of the load can also affect the ability of the anchor to perform as designed. materials such as concrete can degrade in the vicinity of the anchor and affect its performance. ANCHOR SELECTION In selecting the type of anchor to be used. Undercut Anchors – A post-installed mechanical anchor that develops its tensile strength from the mechanical interlock provided by undercutting of the concrete at the embedded end of the anchor. The load duration can also affect performance. Concrete. Anchors can vibrate loose depending on the type and cyclic nature of the load. The amount of creep that will occur must be determined by testing and compared to acceptable levels. such as fires.Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures Cast-In-Place Embedded Anchors – Anchors that are positioned before the concrete is cast. there are many factors to be considered that affect long-term performance and strength including but not limited to the following: • Environmental exposure can affect not only the anchor steel. but can also affect the adhesive and the substrate that supports the anchor. • • • • • • • • PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 2-4 .3. adhesive anchors shall not be used when they will be exposed to sustained temperatures above 110°F or short-term temperatures above 180°F. Unpredictable events. the tensile stress in the concrete exceeds the modulus of rupture. bricks and stone have very different strengths that can limit the maximum load that an anchor can carry. Some anchors perform well in tension but not in compression. can significantly affect the adhesive’s ability to carry the required load. the hole is filled with cementitious grout. Aggressive Exposure Condition – Any anchor environmental exposure that may be characterized as equivalent to that produced by exposure of an adhesive compound to high alkalinity (pH 13) and a high sulfur dioxide concentration (0. under service load or imposed deformation. but by the substrate that supports the anchor. Cementitious Grouted Anchors – Mechanical anchors that are installed in a large diameter preformed or drilled hole. 2. Testing must follow a program that matches the in-service load conditions. Adhesive anchors are particularly sensitive to temperature. Anchor embedment affects the depth of concrete that is mobilized and how far the load spreads through the concrete. not by the anchor. whether static or dynamic can affect the performance of the anchors. The type of load. Once the anchor is placed. Adhesive anchors can creep under sustained loads. Anchors need to have been tested to demonstrate that they can be used in cracked concrete. hollow block walls. Unless otherwise qualified by testing. Over time. Anchor capacities are reduced when they are installed in concrete that is cracked at service loads. Loads on anchors close to edges of supporting members and loads toward the edges can significantly reduce the maximum load that an anchor can withstand.7%).

Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures

For anchor groups, the anchor spacing and embedment depth affect the influence of one anchor on another and the group pattern determines how much of the concrete participates in resisting the anchor loads. Installation and drill hole preparation, including the type of drill and condition of the hole must conform to the anchor manufacturer’s recommendation. On-site quality control and inspection is required to verify that the installation is being performed properly and that the anchor can carry the required loads. Post-installed anchors have only been tested for holes prepared by a carbide drill bit unless specific testing for core-drilled holes has been performed.

The ability of anchors to carry the required loads and perform as designed over the life of the structure depends on the proper selection, installation, hole preparation and the substrate supporting the anchor. Anchors may fail because of many factors including the following: • Adhesive anchors in sustained tension. The adhesive will flow (creep) under the sustained tensile load and the anchor may pull out. The only indication that is visible is that the nut appears to have loosened or one may conclude that it has not been tightened properly. If a loose nut is observed, the cause should be investigated. Retightening the nut will only cause the nut to loosen more. The FHWA and this guide do not allow adhesive anchors to be used in sustained tension, including overhead applications. The hole for a post-installed anchor is not drilled with a carbide tipped bit using a rotary hammer drill. Other bits may damage the concrete during drilling and affect the mechanical interlock of the anchor or it may create a hole whose surface is too smooth for the adhesive to develop a proper bond. Only post-installed anchors that have been specifically tested for other types of bits or drills would be acceptable. The post-installed anchor hole is not drilled with the manufacturer’s recommended drill bit diameter. The diameter of the hole is tightly controlled during qualification testing. Larger hole diameters may cause the adhesive to flow when the anchor is tightened and the nut may appear loose. Smaller hole diameters may not allow sufficient adhesive to be inserted. Post-installed mechanical anchors may also not perform well with larger or smaller hole diameters than used in the test report. Corrosion due to galvanic action between dissimilar metals in contact. Some materials are not compatible with each other and when they are in contact, a corrosion process begins. This corrosion may be prevented if the two materials are isolated using neoprene, coal tar or other materials. Materials such a stainless steel, aluminum or galvanized coatings are susceptible to dissimilar metal corrosion. Hole preparation affecting post-installed anchor adhesive bond. Adhesives are sensitive to the hole preparation. If the hole is dirty or in some cases, wet, the adhesive may not bond properly. The installation must follow the tests used to qualify the anchor to ensure that the anchor hole is in accordance with the test report. Type of adhesive used. Not all adhesives are the same. Cure times and shelf life for adhesives are all different. Installation temperatures, substrate temperatures, and service temperatures can affect the performance. The adhesive selected must be compatible for the load and environment where the anchor will be used. Their suitability must be demonstrated by testing performed in accordance with AC308.

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Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures

Overtightening of the anchor. If the anchor nut is over tightened, the anchor, adhesive or substrate may fail. The AC308 test report must be followed to ensure proper performance of the anchor. High temperatures on anchors. Adhesive anchors do not perform well when exposed to elevated temperatures. A fire can cause an adhesive anchor to fail. Fires can also cause the concrete cover to spall so mechanical anchors should extend below the reinforcement. Only adhesive anchors that have been tested per AC308 for higher temperature, i.e., sustained temperatures above 110°F or short-term temperatures above 180°F shall be used in this application. Post-installed expansion anchors in compression. Expansion anchors that derive their strength by maintaining tension on the expansion mechanism can pull out of the hole if they are loaded in compression and then again in tension. These anchors must never be loaded in compression.

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Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures

3.0 Design Criteria
3.1. GENERAL

While steel anchor bolts have been used extensively for over 100 years, their design criteria was not well documented until more recently when an anchor bolt design guide was prepared as part of ACI 349 Code Requirements for Nuclear Safety-Related Concrete Structures and Commentary. More recently this guide has been modified and adopted by ACI 318, Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary, Appendix D for Strength Design Method. The ACI 318 Appendix D code requirements form the basis of PB’s guide for the design of cast-in-place, cementitious grouted, and post-installed mechanical anchors. However, the ACI 318 Appendix D and ACI 349 are not the same and both should not be used for a design. This guide may be used for the design of cementitious grouted anchors with due consideration for the loads at the grout/concrete interface. The failure modes described in ACI 318 Appendix D apply to cementitious grouted anchors as well. The forces at the interface between the grout and concrete shall be analyzed as in accordance with ACI 318. These ACI code requirements do not currently include post-installed adhesive anchors, which are covered in the International Code Council Evaluation Service Approved Criteria (ICC-ES AC) 308 - Acceptance Criteria for Post-Installed Adhesive Anchors in Concrete Elements. However, ACI Committee 355, Anchorage to Concrete is currently developing ACI 355.XR Design Examples and ACI 355.YR Qualifications of Post-Installed Adhesive Anchors in Concrete, which, when available, will likely supersede ICC-ES AC308. It is also noted that the Transportation Research Board’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) has issued a request for proposals to develop proposed standard test methods and specifications, design guide and specifications, and quality assurance guide and construction specifications for the use of epoxy adhesive anchor systems in transportation structures. This will be a three-year undertaking. Currently, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has indicated in Technical Advisory T 5140.30 that adhesive anchors shall not be used in sustained tension nor in overhead applications. It is no longer appropriate to rely on published anchor capacities shown in the manufacturer’s web site or catalogs for post-installed mechanical or adhesive anchors. Designers should consult the most recent published test results in the ICC-ES web site for the specific anchor selected. ICC-ES is a non-profit, public benefit corporation that evaluates products for conformance with code. ICC-ES is the leading testing organization in the United States and is commonly used by anchor manufacturers to test their products. Prior to incorporation of an anchor into a design or construction, one needs to check that the design and testing have been performed in accordance with the latest version of ACI 355.2 or AC193 for post-installed mechanical anchors and AC308 for post-installed adhesive anchors. Currently there are no recognized test methods for postinstalled anchors for vibration/fatigue, shock/impact or blast loading in ACI 355.2, AC193 or AC308. Anchors subject to seismic, fatigue, or shock shall be tested in accordance with ASTM E488. Specific test procedures will need to be developed for blast loading. (Refer to Section 5.0, References for additional information.)

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Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures

There have been major recent revisions to the requirements for the design and testing of anchors that now need to be taken into consideration during design and installation. These considerations include the design of anchors for cracked concrete. The design of anchors also needs to consider, where applicable, seismic loading, vibration/fatigue, shock/impact and blast loading – and all three are different so an anchor that has been tested for seismic loading may not be suitable for vibration loading, and an anchor that has been tested for vibration loading may not be suitable for shock or blast loading.

3.2.

CRITERIA

Anchors and anchor groups shall be designed using Strength Design Method (Load Factor Design) based on the critical effects of factored loads as determined by elastic analysis. Figure 1 shows failure modes of anchors based on ACI 318 Appendix D. ACI 318 Appendix D does not apply to specialty inserts, through–bolts, multiple anchors connected to a single steel plate at the embedded end of the anchors or direct anchors such as powder or pneumatic actuated nails or bolts. For these, one will need to utilize other relevant codes or test results. All anchors for use in exterior exposure or damp environments shall be mechanically galvanized or stainless steel. For aggressive applications, only Type 316 stainless steel anchors shall be used. Proper consideration should be given to contact between galvanically dissimilar metals.

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Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures Figure 1 Failure Modes of Anchors Based on ACI 318 Appendix D PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 3-3 .

Cementitious grouted anchors shall use cementitious grout. When designed for fire exposure.2 does not apply to post-installed mechanical anchors loaded in compression when the expansion mechanism is also loaded in compression. 3.Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures 3.000 psi for cast-in-place anchors. The design requirements in ACI 318 Appendix D are based on anchors with a maximum diameter of 2 inches and an embedment depth not greater than 25 inches.2-07. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 3-4 . one needs to follow the specific requirements in ACI 318 Appendix D. AASHTO for highway bridges. The provisions of ACI 318 Appendix D do not apply to plastic hinge zones of concrete structures under earthquake loads. Post-installed mechanical anchors with a maximum diameter of 2 inches and an embedment depth not greater than 25 inches. ACI 318 Appendix D does not apply to reinforcement used as part of embedment. Post-installed mechanical anchors shall be qualified in accordance with ACI 355. Therefore. embed the anchor behind the reinforcing mat. POST-INSTALLED MECHANICAL ANCHORS Post-installed mechanical anchors shall be designed in accordance with ACI 318 Appendix D. For seismic loads. shock/impact or blast loads. CAST-IN-PLACE AND CEMENTITIOUS GROUTED ANCHORS Cast-in-place anchors and cementitious grouted anchors shall be designed in accordance with ACI 318 Appendix D. ACI 355. ACI 318 Appendix D is limited to f’c = 10. Post-installed mechanical anchors subject to seismic loads shall be tested per ACI 355. The grouted anchors shall be placed in a corrugated sleeve or an internally roughened hole that fully develops the tensile strength of the anchor.000 psi for post-installed anchors.2 or ICC-ES AC193.3. and AREMA railway bridges. The strength of the grout shall match or exceed the strength of the adjacent cast-in-place concrete. it shall be assumed that all concrete outside of the reinforcing has spalled. The provisions of ACI 318 Appendix D do not apply to plastic hinge zones of concrete structures under earthquake loads. Reinforcement used as part of embedment shall be designed in accordance with the relevant code: ACI or IBC for buildings.4. ACI 318 Appendix D is limited to f’c = 8. Seismic conditions are not considered to be high-cycle fatigue. ACI 318 Appendix D does not apply to loads that are predominantly high-cycle vibration/fatigue. In no instance shall any type of organic/epoxy grout be used.2. in seismic zones shall be designed in accordance with ACI 355.

Adhesive anchors shall not be used in any application where they may be exposed to fire. one needs to utilize a specific testing regime. Post-installed adhesive anchors shall be designed in accordance with ACI 318 Appendix D as modified by ICC-ES AC308 Article 3.g. At the time of the preparation of this guide. They could be used in a handrail bracket. Adhesive anchors shall not be used in wall brackets where they would be in sustained tension (e. For the design of post-installed anchors for vibration/fatigue/shock/impact or blast loads. Do not rely on manufacturer’s literature for test results. Adhesive anchors shall not be used in any permanent sustained tension application or in any overhead application. which provides test methods for seismic. Strength Design values may be converted to Allowable Stress Design values. a pipe support bracket). Use only the most recent test results. Therefore. only a few manufacturers are believed to meet current AC308 standards. fatigue.0 Design Requirements. drill hole conditions. Post-installed adhesive anchors shall be tested in accordance with ICC-ES AC308. When designed for fire exposure.. For post-installed adhesive anchors. If no testing regime exists. For post-installed mechanical anchors consideration needs to be given to the specific tests that have been used to qualify the anchors. 3. for example for blast loads. POST-INSTALLED ADHESIVE ANCHORS One needs to be aware that there have been several revisions to adhesive anchor testing requirements within the last year. drill hole conditions. Postinstalled adhesive anchor designs need to also consider if the anchor is loaded in permanent PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 3-5 . it shall be assumed that all concrete outside of the reinforcing has spalled. and shock loads. exposure and inspection regimen. Post-installed anchors that have been tested for vibration loads have not been qualified for impact for shock or blast loads. consideration needs to be given to the specific tests that have been used to qualify the anchors.5.2 or AC193 do not apply to post-installed mechanical anchors subjected to vibration/fatigue/shock/impact or blast loading. Adhesive anchors shall not be used in any application where they will be exposed to sustained temperatures above 110°F unless they have been tested for higher temperatures in accordance with ICC-ES AC308. embed the anchor behind the reinforcing mat. Post-installed anchors that have been tested for seismic loads shall not be used as anchors subject to vibration/fatigue/shock/impact or blast loads. and manufacturers may not have tested their products to the more recent revisions. such as found in ASTM E488. or as found elsewhere in the engineering literature for the applicable loading. Post-installed expansion type anchors shall not be used as hold-down anchor bolts. The latest test results from ICC-ES are needed for design.Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures ACI 355. one may need to conduct testing for the specific application being considered. Adhesive anchors shall not be used in any application where they will be exposed to short-term temperatures above 180°F unless they have been tested for higher temperatures in accordance with ICC-ES AC308. AC308 applies to anchors with a minimum diameter of ¼ inch. exposure and inspection regimen.

is reinforcement designed and detailed specifically to transfer the full anchor load from the anchor into the structural member. For the design of post-installed anchors for vibration/fatigue.6. 3. it is not specifically designed to transfer the full anchor load into the structural member.6. The reinforcement may be detailed to resist tension or shear as shown below.12 of AC308.9 PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 3-6 . as considered with anchor reinforcement. shortterm temperature and long-term temperature. The reinforcement is typically installed before the concrete is cast. as used for shear reinforcement. Post-installed anchors that have been tested for vibration loads shall not be used for impact or shock loads. However. RD. one may need to conduct testing for the specific application being considered. RD.5. Supplementary reinforcement has a similar configuration and placement to that of anchor reinforcement.9 Adapted from ACI 318 Fig. including but not limited to fire. may fall into the category of supplementary reinforcement. and is used only to justify an increase in the strength reduction factors (φ-factor) applied to the concrete breakout or side-face blowout strengths. the design strength of anchor reinforcement (typically installed before the concrete is cast) may be used instead. but not replace those failure modes. or if no testing regime exists. creep. For conditions in which the anchor force exceeds the concrete breakout design strength. as defined in ACI 318 Appendix D. installation temperature. shock/impact or blast loads one needs to utilize a specific testing regime. ANCHOR REINFORCEMENT OR SUPPLEMENTARY REINFORCEMENT Anchor reinforcement.2. and therefore acts to restrain the potential concrete breakout. shock/impact or blast loads. Post-installed adhesive anchors installed in seismic zones shall be tested in accordance with Article 9. Stirrups.Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures tension (including but not limited to overhead anchors). Post-installed anchors that have been tested for seismic loads shall not be used as anchors subject to vibration/fatigue. as found in the engineering literature.2. Concrete Breakout Failure Surface Anchor reinforcement Concrete Breakout Failure Surface Adapted from ACI 318 Fig.

1.2. PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 4-1 . CAST-IN-PLACE AND CEMENTITIOUS GROUTED ANCHORS See Attachment A: • • • Cast-in-place anchor bolt with sustained tension Cast-in-place anchor bolt in shear Cast-in-place anchor bolt in combined shear and sustained tension due to moment 4. POST-INSTALLED MECHANICAL ANCHORS See Attachment B: • • • Post-installed mechanical anchor with sustained tension Post-installed mechanical anchor in shear Post-installed mechanical anchor in combined shear and sustained tension due to moment 4.0 Design Examples 4.3.Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures 4. POST-INSTALLED ADHESIVE ANCHORS See Attachment C: • • • Post-installed adhesive anchor with temporary tension Post-installed adhesive anchor in shear Post-installed adhesive anchor in combined shear and sustained tension due to moment – sustained tension is not permitted.

3. Anchorage in Concrete Construction. Berlin. pp 95-96 Eligehausen. Standard test methods for strength of anchors in concrete and masonry elements Collins et al. Increasing Anchor Capacity with Reinforcement. and Impact Loads. Center for Transportation Research. May 2006. Luminaries and Traffic Signals Article 5. Appendix B ACI 349. 4th Edition.Acceptance Criteria for Mechanical Anchors in Concrete Elements http://www.3. Use and Inspection of Adhesive Anchors in Federal-Aid Projects http://www.2.7 Anchor Bolts and Rods.Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures 5. 4th Edition.30.6 and Appendix D – Anchoring to Concrete with 1st and 2nd printing Errata.3.7 bolts. ACI 349-06 Code Requirements for Nuclear Safety Related Concrete Structures. R. 1126-1.1R-99 Grouting between Foundations and Bases for Support for Equipment and Machinery Article 6. Load Deflection Behavior of Cast-in-place and Retrofit Concrete Anchors Subject to Static.icc-es.8. 2007 ASTM E488. 4th Edition. December 2008. 2008 I AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications Article 14. Concrete International Vol. 30.3 Anchorage and Anchor Bolts.fhwa.12 Shear Resistance of Anchor Bolts. 4th Ed.htm International Building Code (IBC).2R-07 Embedment Design Examples Concrete Capacity Design Method ACI 351. J.1R-91 (Reapproved 1997) State-of-the-Art Report on Anchorage to Concrete ACI 355.5. R. 2006 I ACI 318-08 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete Article 12. No.dot. Mallée. Fatigue. 2008 I AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications Article 14. T.0 References AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications Article 6. 12.2 ACI 355. Research Report No. 2006 ICC-ES AC193 .2-07 Qualification of Post-Installed Mechanical Anchors in Concrete and Commentary AREMA Chapter 15 Article 10..17 Anchor Bolts.6 Anchors and 14.shtml PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 5-1 .. FHWA Technical Advisory T 5140..13. and Silva.gov/legsregs/directives/techadvs/t514030. Wiley).org/Evaluation_Reports/index. 380 pp. 2008 I AASHTO Standard Specifications for Structural Supports for Highway Signs. Ernst & Sohn (J. University of Texas at Austin. 1989.5.

Approved May 2008. Lee. Note: PB staff may access many of these codes via PB’s intranet IHS standards website at: http://www. Shock Capacity of Concrete Anchoring Systems in Uncracked Concrete. 30. ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering. No. Salim et al.Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures ICC-ES AC308 .icc-es. Wollmershauser. Effective June 1.Acceptance Criteria for Post-Installed Adhesive Anchors in Concrete Elements. August 2005. Number 8. Dynamic Behavior of Tensile Anchors in Concrete. Vol. 12 December 2008. and Mattis. Richard E. 2008 http://www.htm PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 5-2 . Concrete International.shtml Rodriguez et al. July/August 2001. ACI Structural Journal.org/Evaluation_Reports/ index. Volume 131.pbworldnet. Adhesive Anchor Installation and Inspection. pp 36-40.com/applications/ihs/PB_Standards_Expert.

0 Guide Specifications PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF 6-1 .Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures 6.

tools. choose applicable item(s). and performing all operations necessary for cast-in-place anchors. and post-installed (drilled-in) adhesive anchors for as indicated on the Contract Drawings and specified herein. Edit this Guide Specification for project-specific requirements.02 REFERENCED SECTIONS ************************************************************************ Notes to Specifier: Referenced Section numbers based on CSI Masterformat 1995. post-installed (drilled-in) mechanical anchors. ************************************************************************ A. For bracketed italic items. materials. Requirements for furnishing all labor.Submittal Procedures Section 01780 .Month & Year Contract No. and equipment. the Design Engineer must investigate the latest editions as they may have been updated. ************************************************************************ Client-Contract Name Date . cementitious grouted anchors.03 CITED STANDARDS ************************************************************************ Notes to Specifier: Standards shall be cited based on specific cross-reference elsewhere in the Section.GENERAL 1. applicable to most Contract Document sets. Use AASHTO for highway work and AREMA for rail work. Specification Section numbers are based on CSI Masterformat 1995.Section 03155 Guide Specification Concrete Anchors ************************************************************************ Notes to Specifier: This Guide Specification is available in electronic format (MS Word) on PB WorldNet/Hub.Closeout Submittals 1. choose applicable standards. Revise as applicable to Project scope. however. During preparation of this Specification the latest standards are indicated. ************************************************************************ PART 1 . XXXXX 03155-1 GUIDE SPECIFICATION . Section 01330 .01 SECTION INCLUDES A. B. 1. Latest edition of standards at time of construction shall apply.

Cutting Tools .Anchoring to Concrete {349 .Anchor Bolts and Rods} E.Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete.7 . b. Appendix D .Bolts} {Article 14.Anchor Bolts} B. 3.3.Steel Anchor Bolts {Standard Specification for Structural Supports for Highway Signs.Section 03155 Concrete Anchors A. 4.Deformed and Plain Billet Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement M314 . {LRFD Bridge Design Specifications} a.Code Requirements for Nuclear Safety Related Concrete Structures. {Chapter 15 . 318-{08} .2R . 4.8. Article 10.Zinc Coating (Hot-Dip) on Iron and Steel Hardware A615 . American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) 1. {American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association (AREMA)} 1. and Traffic Signals.2-{07} . American National Standards Institute (ANSI) 1.Bridge Bearings.Deformed Reinforcement and Plain Carbon-Steel Bars for Concrete A706 . American Concrete Institute (ACI) {Additional ACI standards.Guide to the Concrete Capacity Design (CCD) Method Embedment Design Examples} 355. XXXXX 03155-2 GUIDE SPECIFICATION . 2. 2.7 . A153 .4 .Carbide-Tipped Masonry Drills and Blanks for CarbideTipped Masonry Drills D. 3.Anchorage and Anchor Bolts} M31 .5. 3.Qualification of Post-Installed Mechanical Anchors in Concrete and Commentary C. as applicable} 1. ASTM International (ASTM) 1.Low-Alloy Steel Deformed and Plain Bars for Concrete Reinforcement B695 .Month & Year Contract No.Coatings of Zinc Mechanically Deposited on Iron and Steel Client-Contract Name Date . {Article 14. Luminaires.17 . 2.3. Article 5. Appendix B} {349. 4.

Anchor bolts may be swedged or threaded. AC193 .Practice for Specimen Preparation for Determination of Linear Thermal Expansion of Vitreous Glass Enamels and Glass Enamel Frits for the Dilatometer Method C1107 . 2.Test Methods for Strength of Anchors in Concrete and Masonry Elements F593 . 10. 55. {Effective June 1. 2008} 1. The capacities of post-installed anchors shall be determined per independent testing laboratory in accordance with ACI 355. only cast-in-place or cementitious grouted anchors shall be used.Stainless Steel Bolts. Post-installed. 2008} AC308 . Expansion (postinstalled) anchors and countersunk anchor bolts shall not be used for bridge joints and bearings {(AASHTO)}.2 or ICC-ES AC193 for postinstalled mechanical anchors. C. International Code Council Evaluation Service (ICC-ES) 1. 8. Steel. Client-Contract Name Date . B.2. and S5} 6. XXXXX 03155-3 GUIDE SPECIFICATION . and Studs F594 .Section 03155 5. In no case shall manufacturer’s literature be relied upon to determine capacities. Adhesive anchors shall not be used in overhead applications or connections where anchors must resist sustained tension. Hydraulic-Cement Grout (Nonshrink) E488 . D.Acceptance Criteria for Post-Installed Adhesive Anchors in Concrete Elements. 7. F.Stainless Steel Nuts F1554 . S4. 9.2. {Effective June 1. and 105-ksi Yield Strength {and Supplements S1. Hex Cap Screws. E.04 NOTED RESTRICTIONS A.Packaged Dry. 36. Concrete Anchors C824 .Month & Year Contract No. Adhesive anchors shall not be used where they will be exposed to sustained temperatures above 110-degrees Fahrenheit or short-term temperatures above 180-degrees Fahrenheit unless tested per ICC-ES AC308 for higher temperature.Anchor Bolts. torque-controlled expansion anchors and undercut anchors where not otherwise prohibited by ICC-ES AC193 are permitted for use in fire-resistant rated construction provided they conform to ICC-ES AC193 Article 6. For bridge joints and bearings. or ICC-ES AC308 for post-installed adhesive anchors.Acceptance Criteria for Mechanical Anchors in Concrete Elements.

the following: 1. Anchors shall not be used for seismic. Installer Training: Conduct thorough training with the manufacturer or the manufacturer’s representative for the installer on the Project. material.2 G.4 and Annex A.2 Evaluation Report ASTM Certification ICC-ES Evaluation Report indicating conformance with applicable ICCES AC193 or ICC-ES AC308 Client-Contract Name Date . 4. or impact loadings unless specifically tested in accordance with ASTM E488 for the loading to which they will be subjected. C. 5. H. Concrete Anchors Adhesive anchors shall not be installed if substrate temperature is below 40degrees Fahrenheit unless tested per ICC-ES AC308 for lower installation temperature.3 and 14. Anchors shall not be used for blast loadings unless specifically tested for the loading to which they will be subjected. fatigue. D. Full-time special inspection is required for all adhesive anchor systems together with proof load testing.Month & Year Contract No. 3. but not limited to.Section 03155 F. 2. Post-installed anchors shall not be used with lightweight concrete unless specifically tested per ICC-ES AC193. 2. vibration. or ACI 355. anchors shall have one of the following certifications: 1. diameter. E. hole drilling procedure hole preparation and cleaning technique adhesive injection technique and dispenser training/maintenance anchor element type. Installer Qualifications: Post-installed anchors shall be installed by an installer with a minimum of five years experience performing similar installations. Proof load testing alone is not recognized as meeting special inspection requirements. ACI 355. An on-site Quality Control Program shall be provided for all post-installed adhesive anchors in accordance with ICC-ES AC308 Articles 14. XXXXX 03155-4 GUIDE SPECIFICATION . 3. Training shall consist of a review of the complete installation process for drilled-in anchors including. and length proof loading/torquing B. shock.05 QUALITY CONTROL A. 1. ICC-ES AC308. Certifications: Unless otherwise directed by the Engineer.

Section 03155 F. including method of locating embedded reinforcing steel. Certificates: 1. B. B. 3. Samples: Representative length and diameters of each type anchor shown on the Contract Drawings. C.Month & Year GUIDE SPECIFICATION . Slippage of more than: a.07 DELIVERABLES A. F.06 SUBMITTALS A. and manufacturer’s installation instructions. Product Specifications: Include recommended design values and physical characteristics for post-installed anchors including anchor embedment. General: Submit in accordance with Conditions of Contract and Section 01330. Concrete Anchors Acceptance Criteria: A post-installed anchor is acceptable if the test load specified herein is attained without: 1. and a list of the personnel to be trained on anchor installation. the complete installation procedure. 1. 1/16-inch for adhesive anchors 2. C. ACI Evaluation Reports ASTM Certifications ICC-ES Evaluation Reports Record Documents: Provide Project Record Documents for installed materials in accordance with Section 01780. manufacturer’s training date. XXXXX 03155-5 Client-Contract Name Date . E. 2. Installation and testing methods Documentation: Contract No. Submit a letter of procedure stating method of drilling. D. test load and torque. D. Installation and Field Quality Control methods. 2. Test Reports: Certified test reports showing compliance with specified performance characteristics and physical properties. the product proposed for use. 3. b. Installer Qualifications and procedures: Submit installer qualifications as specified herein. rounded to the nearest 1/16inch for mechanical anchors Bolt failure A sign of damage in the surrounding concrete 1.5-percent of the embedded length.

PRODUCTS 2. Exact location of failed anchor Reason for failure Repair steps taken Inspector’s name Date of test 1. but not be limited to. the following information: a. STORAGE. or impact. shock. e. Bolts and Studs: ASTM F1554 {Grade 36/55/105} {AASHTO M314}.08 DELIVERY. {Where Grade 55 bolts are welded.} Stainless Steel Bolts. c. Hex Cap Screws. PART 2 . b. The documentation shall include. but not be limited to. the following: a. and Studs: ASTM F593 Stainless Steel Nuts: ASTM F594 2. Client-Contract Name Date . General location of anchor and group represented Method of test or verification Test results.} {Where bolts are designed for seismic. 2. f. Installation Inspection Record Concrete Anchors Test Inspection Record: The test inspection record shall include. b. AND HANDLING A. ASTM F1554 S1 shall be required.Month & Year Contract No. c. XXXXX 03155-6 GUIDE SPECIFICATION . and S5 shall be required. 3. forces. Charpy V-Notch testing per ASTM F1554 S1. d. Failed Anchor Documentation: Documentation for anchors is required for an anchor that does not pass the test acceptance criteria specified herein. Failed anchor documentation shall be submitted to the Engineer. S4. Fasteners and Anchors: 1. accepted or rejected Inspector’s name Date of test Identification number of testing tool 3. Store anchors in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations.01 MATERIALS A. d.Section 03155 1. e. fatigue. vibration.

nuts. 6. C. and washers shall conform to ASTM F1554. nuts. XXXXX 03155-7 GUIDE SPECIFICATION . Anchors for all other installations shall be hot-dip galvanized per ASTM A153 Class C {or D}. Class C {or D} Concrete Anchors Reinforcing Bars: ASTM A615.} Sleeves shall be corrugated. Class 65 Hot-Dip Galvanizing: ASTM A153. D.} {Post-installed adhesive shall be tested for long-term temperature exposure of 110-degrees Fahrenheit in accordance with ICC-ES AC308. 2.} Grout shall conform to ASTM C1107 with no shrinkage and tested in accordance with ASTM C824. Anchors that are installed in concrete with temperatures below 40-degrees Fahrenheit shall be tested to the minimum allowable installation temperature per ICC-ES AC308. or aggressive` environment shall be Type 316 stainless steel. Post-installed adhesive anchors shall conform to ICC-ES AC308.2 or ICC-ES AC193. C.Month & Year Contract No. B. Post-installed mechanical anchors shall conform to ACI 355. Anchors that are subject to higher temperatures shall be tested for the temperature that is equal to or exceeds the maximum long-term service temperature per ICC-ES AC308. hot-dip galvanized including associated nuts and washers in accordance with ASTM A153. Anchors for exterior. deformed Grade 60} CAST-IN-PLACE BOLTS A. or mechanically coated per ASTM B695.Section 03155 4. damp. 2. {Grout shall be non-metallic. Class 65. E. F. {Post-installed adhesive anchors shall be tested for simulated seismic loads per ICC-ES AC308 and ASTM E488} {Post-installed adhesive anchors shall be tested for installation temperature below 40-degrees Fahrenheit. galvanized steel or corrugated high-density polyethylene. {Bolts and studs.02 Zinc Coating: ASTM B695.} or {Stainless steel anchor bolts. 5. deformed Grade 60. Client-Contract Name Date . {ASTM A706. and washers shall conform to ASTM F593 and ASTM F594.03 POST-INSTALLED ANCHORS A. B. studs.} G.

Month & Year Contract No. O.} {Post-installed adhesive anchors shall be tested for standing water in holes per ICC-ES AC308. J. L.} {Anchors shall be tested for impact or shock loading in accordance with ASTM E488. XXXXX 03155-8 GUIDE SPECIFICATION .} I. PART 3 .2. Suitable testing provisions shall be included in the Specifications to simulate the type of load that the anchor will be subjected to during its use.} {Post-installed adhesive anchors shall be tested for installation in holes drilled with any method or drill other than a carbide-tipped bit using a rotary hammer drill per ICC-ES AC308. Suitable testing provisions shall be included in the Specifications to simulate the type of load that the anchor will be subjected to during its use. {Post-installed adhesive anchors shall be tested for short-term temperature exposure of 180-degrees Fahrenheit in accordance with ICC-ES AC308. Anchor installers shall be trained and made fully familiar with the manufacturer’s installation procedures including additional requirements as specified or as directed.} {Post-installed adhesive anchors shall be tested for installation in watersaturated concrete per ICC-ES AC308. Anchors that are subject to higher temperatures shall be tested for the temperature that is recommended in the manufacturer’s printed literature.} {Post-installed mechanical anchors shall be tested for installation in holes drilled with any method or drill other than a carbide-tipped bit using a rotary hammer drill. Examination/Site Verification of Conditions: 1. M.01 GENERAL A. The use of anchors shall be restricted to the applications and installations as indicated on the Contract Drawings. K.EXECUTION 3. and ASTM E488} {Anchors shall be tested for vibration or fatigue loading in accordance with ASTM E488.Section 03155 Concrete Anchors H. Training: 1.} {Post-installed adhesive anchors shall be tested for use in submerged concrete per ICC-ES AC308. N. {Post-installed mechanical anchors shall be tested for simulated seismic loads per ACI 355. Client-Contract Name Date . P. Installer Training: Implement a training and/or qualification program for installers of post-installed anchors. B.

spacing. and cracks over 0. b. B. the order of precedence from highest to lowest is 1) this Specification. nicks. Post-installed anchors shall be installed in accordance with the ICC-ES reports and manufacturer’s installation instructions. or drill into bar body are greater than 1/16-inch For No.Section 03155 2. Surfaces showing obvious distress by way of porosity. The hole diameters and depths shall be as recommended in the manufacturer’s instructions. loose material. Reinforcement will be considered to be cut if: a. Multi-cutting of the same bar is considered as one cut. including core drills. When installing anchors through cut reinforcement. and edge distances specified in the Contract Drawings. Verify depth of the concrete Contract No. and water prior to anchor installation.02 INSTALLATION A. or drill into bar body are greater than 1/8-inch 3. 3. 8 and Larger: Cuts. Where installation criteria differ. Client-Contract Name Date . 4.02-inch in width and 12-inches or longer and within the distance of the embedment length shall be reported to the Engineer for evaluation. 3) the manufacturer’s installation instructions. C. Concrete Anchors Post-installed anchors may only be installed in sound concrete. No cutting of reinforcement will be permitted without prior written approval from the Engineer.2 for mechanical anchors. 2) the ICC-ES reports. Anchors shall be installed according to the location. 7: Cuts. disintegration.15 unless ICC-ES AC193 or ICC-ES AC308 testing demonstrates that using percussive drilling or another type(s) of bit. For No. Cast-In-Place Anchors: Use templates to locate bolts accurately and securely in formwork. Existing reinforcement shall be exposed as indicated on the Contract Drawings to establish the reinforcement pattern before drilling. carbonation. nicks. Holes for post-installed anchors shall be drilled with carbide-tipped bits using rotary hammer drills meeting the requirements of ANSI B212. Preparation: 1. The hole diameter shall be checked every ten holes for conformance to the hole tolerances specified in ICC-ES AC308 for adhesive anchors. is acceptable. dust. 2. 4 through No. ICC-ES AC193 or ACI 335. XXXXX 03155-9 D.Month & Year GUIDE SPECIFICATION . the anchoring mechanism shall be located at least two anchor diameters beyond the cut reinforcement. Drilled holes shall be cleaned of chips. C.

The nut thread engagement for the anchors (studs) shall be such that the bolt threads project past the outside face of the nut when completely installed. Contract No. J. If an unacceptable bearing contact condition exists. Post-installation verification of this criterion may be satisfied by visual inspection to verify proper seating of the nut and washer. XXXXX 03155-10 F. Insert nuts to finger-tight condition. the base plate may be grouted instead using the following technique: a. H. 2. L. Anchor projection may be cut-off subject to the approval of the Engineer and documentation of the location. c. Anchors shall be installed perpendicular to the concrete surface within a plus or minus 5-degree tolerance.Month & Year GUIDE SPECIFICATION . Unless otherwise noted on the Contract Drawings. Install shims positioned no more than 1/2-inch away from the anchors to reduce gaps between base plate shims to 1/8-inch or less at anchor locations. or loosening of anchors by prying sideways after tightening. Client-Contract Name Date . Insert post-installed anchors and set the base plate. and 2) the uneven bearing does not prevent application of the prescribed torque. G. Non-grouted base plates may have a maximum 1/8-inch gap as evidenced under exterior edges around the plate provided that 1) the plate exhibits bearing contact within its interior against the concrete surface. Care shall be exercised to avoid bending anchors to match base plate holes. In areas where concrete has been removed.Section 03155 Concrete Anchors member before drilling holes. the minimum anchor embedment shall be measured from the surface of sound concrete. and length code. E. Bending and welding of post-installed anchors is not permitted. I. The length identification code on the head of the anchor shall not be damaged during installation. The concrete surface shall be reworked to obtain a proper fit. Cut-off anchors shall be considered an abandoned ungrouted hole for future anchor spacing requirements. one of the following procedures shall apply: 1. Care shall also be exercised to ensure that the cone nut of an undercut anchors does not become loose from the stud during the setting or tensioning operation. b. embedment. K. For gaps of up to 1-inch. M. The embedment depth of the post-installed anchor shall not exceed the greater of 2/3 of the concrete member thickness or the concrete member thickness minus 4-inches. the spacing requirements indicated in the applicable ICC ES report shall be used. Contact the Engineer if these requirements cannot be met based on the actual member thickness. Unused anchors shall be driven in and cut-off flush.

Relocating Holes Within Base Plates: The base plate with bolts may be relocated no more than 1-inch in any direction with respect to the attachment principal axis unless otherwise noted on the Contract Drawings. Minimum anchor embedments. N.04 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL A. the gap may be filled with shim plates. inspection attributes for post-installed anchors shall comply with the special inspection section of the applicable ICC-ES report (with the exception of validating the strength of existing concrete) plus additional attributes imposed by this Specification. Fill the gap with non-shrink grout leaving the shims in place. Testing of post-installed anchors shall be witnessed by the Inspector.03 INSPECTION A. and torques shall be as shown on the approved shop drawings. or least dimension. Testing Method: Post-installed anchors shall be tested by the direct tension method as follows: 1. B.Month & Year Contract No. If visual inspection reveals that the installed anchor does not meet the specified requirements. Concrete Anchors Apply tightening torque.Section 03155 d. For base plates on walls where grouting is not feasible. equal to the required anchor spacing as given in the ICC ES report. the anchor shall be relocated as permitted by this Specification. Test of post-installed anchors is mandatory. Shims shall be moved as close as possible to the anchors before applying the installation torque. All anchors shall be visually inspected in order to verify and document that they have been installed as specified herein. B. test (proof) loads. The shims may be stacked but no more than four shims shall be stacked. e. Client-Contract Name Date . If the tension load is applied by jacking against the concrete. or shall be removed and replaced by another anchor. the jacking pressure is to be distributed outside of an area having its center at the postinstalled anchor and its diameter. 3. As a minimum. Direct Tension Method: A tensile load as defined herein below is applied. The bolt tightening shall not be performed when interior shims under the base plates have been placed away from anchors so that downward bending of the base plate would result upon tightening. C. These attributes of inspection shall be identified in the inspection report documentation. Post-installed anchors tested by this method shall be retightened by applying the installation torques. XXXXX 03155-11 GUIDE SPECIFICATION . 3. or referred to the Engineer for evaluation.

the following repairs may be undertaken: 1. remove the defective anchor. B. D. contact the Engineer to evaluate the damage and approve a repair method. the following test frequencies shall apply: 1. Remove and replace misplaced or malfunctioning anchors. nonmetallic grout. and installation torque required for the original anchor. Client-Contract Name Date . 2.Section 03155 2. slippage or loosening. Abandoned holes shall be grouted with non-shrink grout. b. Anchors that fail to meet proof load or installation torque requirements shall be regarded as malfunctioning. 3. Post-Installed Mechanical Anchors: All anchors shall be tension-tested. 2. Use the minimum spacing embedment depth. redrill the hole. 2. Post-Installed Adhesive Anchors: All anchors shall be tension-tested.2 and ASTM E488}. Test (Proof) Load: Tension test (proof) load shall be as indicated on the approved shop drawings. 1. whichever is greater. the test shall be equal to the lesser of: a. For post-installed mechanical anchors. Fill empty anchor holes and patch failed anchor locations with high-strength non-shrink. the anchor may be reset once prior to redrilling the hole and installing an anchor of equal size. A tensile load equal to 80-percent of the specified nominal yield strength of the anchor bolt material times the tensile area of the bolt. When post-installed anchors fail to meet the acceptance criteria under inspection and testing. or A tensile load equal to twice the design load and at least 50percent of the expected ultimate load based on the adhesive bond strength shown in the ICC-ES report. improper installation or poor attachment. XXXXX 03155-12 GUIDE SPECIFICATION . Concrete Anchors Testing shall be in accordance with {ICC-ES AC308 Figure 5-1} or {ACI 355. If approved. bending. Test Frequency: Unless otherwise specified. When failure is due to breaking of the anchor. and install the same diameter anchor if the integrity of surrounding concrete has not been disturbed. When failure is due to excessive anchorage pullout. For post-installed adhesive anchors.Month & Year Contract No.05 REPAIR AND RESTORATION OF DEFECTIVE WORK A. E. the test load shall be a tensile load equal to 80-percent of the specified nominal yield strength of the anchor bolt material times the tensile area of the bolt.

and need not be removed if they do not interfere with subsequent installations. Concrete Anchors For cases where excessive slippage upon torquing is experienced. the Engineer will develop an appropriate repair. is not considered a concrete breakout failure. The abandoned hole or removed concrete shall be filled with non-shrink grout.Section 03155 3. Contact the Engineer to evaluate the damage and repair method. Mislocated anchors may be cut flush with concrete surface.. When failure is due to breakout of concrete around the anchor. up to a maximum depth of 1/4-inch. Mislocated anchors or anchors installed for temporary applications may be left in place. END OF SECTION 4. 5. Local spalling of the concrete around the anchor. Those anchors that must be removed to accommodate other attachments. or safety of personnel may be removed completely or abandoned in place by cutting off beneath the surface after chipping the concrete 1-inch minimum and patching with epoxy grout. fill the existing hole with non-shrink grout and relocate the anchor location. Retest all replaced anchors as specified herein. In the event that an anchor must be removed from the hole and a new anchor installed.Month & Year Contract No. Mislocated anchors that will be covered by a base plate or an attachment may be cutoff flush with the concrete. Removal of installed anchors for inspection or replacement may be performed by using a bolt extractor as manufactured by Drillco Devices. aesthetics. or usage of the same hole is not possible. the removal and installation of the new anchor shall be in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications. 8. 7. XXXXX 03155-13 GUIDE SPECIFICATION . Client-Contract Name Date . 6. or approved equal. Ltd.

Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures Attachment A Cast-in-Place and Cementitious Grouted Anchors PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF .

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Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures Attachment B Post-Installed Mechanical Anchors PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF .

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Guide for Design and Installation of Anchor Bolts Used in Transportation Structures Attachment C Post-Installed Adhesive Anchors PARSONS BRINCKERHOFF .

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