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**Battles Royal of the Chessboard
**

Collected and presented by R. N. Coles

Cadogan Books

London

Coles 1948 This edition published 1995 by Cadogan Books pic.N. Parkgate Road. London. SW11 4NQ ISBN 1 85744 182 6 Printed and bound in Finland by Werner Söderström Oy .© R. London House.

.. 15. Paris............ ........... 1858 Ruy Lopez A n d e r s se n — *S t e in it z .. M ason — * Z u k e r t o r t ........... 10.. 54 Petroff Defence P i l l s b u r y — T c h ig o r in . 6. 2............ 12.. 1843.. McD o n n ell— *de L a b o u r d o n n a is . 4th Queen’s Pawn Game * T a r r a s c h — G u n s b e r g ...... 1888.. 1883 ............ 1872.... Brussels........... 34 Giuoco Piano London tournament. Paris......... ........ .... Bradford tournament... French Defence *M a c k e n z i e — B l a c k b u r n e ....... London. 78th match .... . St.... ...CONTENTS PAGE INTRODUCTION GAMES * ..... 7..... *S t e i n i t z — P i l l s b u r y .. 1889...... 4. 2nd match game.... 1853 ............... 5....... match game.................. 13. Petersburg tournament.. 57 Tchigorin Defence .. 3rd match game.. 1839 S t a u n t o n — S a i n t -A m a n t ......... ........ 14.... 9....... 2nd match game..... 3. Queen’s Gambit Giuoco Piano B o n c o u r t — * S a i n t -A m a n t ... 1896. London.. Petersburg tournament.. New York tournament........ Z u k e r t o r t — *S t e in it z . ...... von d e r London tournament.. 1................... London..... 16.................................49 Ruy Lopez * P il l sb u r y — T a r rasch ................. 1895 52 Pillsbury Attack St.... game... 1834 game.. 17...... 31 Evans Gambit ist match game....... Queen's Pawn Game ist tie-match game... ..... 1896. * B ir d — H o r w it z ....... London....................................... ....... London........ London............... Hastings tournament............. W e i s s — T c h ig o r in ...... 1851 Ruy Lopez L a s a — "'St a u n t o n ...... 8........ ix A n asterisk signifies the winner....... 11............... 2nd match game............ Frankfort tournament.... 1834 47th match . 11 x4 18 20 23 26 28 King's Bishop's Opening * d e L a b o u r d o n n a is — M c D o n n e l l ... 1886 1887 37 41 44 46 Queen's Gambit Declined B u r n — *M a c k e n z i e ...... 1866.. ................. •• . King's Bishop's Opening .... No asterisk signifies a drawn game........... King's Bishop's Opening A n d erssen — M o r ph y...

.. Centre Game *C apa b la n ca — Mar sh all..... 1927 1928 E uw e— ......... baden. Monte Carlo tournament...CONTENTS 18... 1929 Queen's Pawn Game 38........ ..... New .. ....... 28. 1931 S Queen's Gambit .......... Weis•* •* ..... •• •• •• •• •• •• Ponsiani Opening A l e k h in e — Ca p a b l a n c a ........... London tournament.. Paris tournament... 1923 ... A l e k h in e — B o g o l y u b o v ......... Carlsbad tournament.. 1904 Scotch Gambit 1904 Cambridge Springs tournament.. 78 81 84 87 90 93 95 Ruy Lopes ""Ru b i n s t e i n — L a s k e r ........ 22nd match game. * L a sk e r — N a p ie r ..... 1896.... 24...... Exhibition game. Reti System ♦Re t i — B e c k e r ..... 34.. St... Pillsbury Attack C a p a b l a n c a — N i m z o w it c h ........... 1896..... Petersburg tournament. C h a r o u se k — P il l s b u r y ................ 1918 R u b in s t e in — New York tournament..................... 20......... Nuremburg tournament.. 39....... 30........ Alekhine Defence * T artakow er— B o go lyubov..... 1922 Vienna tournament.. London tournament.................. 1906 •• •• •• •• . n th match game...... Nimso-Indian Defence B ogolyubov.................. 1910 Berlin 1913 PUlsbury Attack Sicilian Defence M i e s e s — ♦Ca p a b l a n c a .. 21.. Berlin... 8th match game.... 1899 Ruy Lopez Paris tournament........... Sch lech ter— L a sk er . 5th match game... Moscow...... •• IQOQ 26... 36..... Bled tournament.. Kissingen tournament... 7th match game... Buenos ........... 1925 IQ27 Aires.. Sicilian Defence ♦Du r a s — T e i c h m a n n . 1929 ........ 1900 Ruy Lopes ^M a r s h a l l — M a r c o ....... Ruy Lopes Slav Defence * A l e k h i n e ... Pillsbury Attack L asker— *B lack bu r n e.... 31. 25..................... Falkbeer Counter-Gambit 60 63 65 67 70 75 St e in it z — L a s k e r ..... 19... 1928 PUlsbury Attack *V idmar— E uwe . 33. 11th match game.. 35..* •» PiUsbury Attach Spielmann— ♦ toltz.......... Ostend tournament........ 22....... 37....... 29..... 23.... London tournament. 1909 27... 98 100 102 105 109 112 114 116 120 Z n o sk o -B o r o v sk y — A l e k h in e . ..... •• Tarrasch Defence Marsh all— *C a p a b l a n c a ..... J a n o w s k i— B urn....... York....... 32.

...... Nimzo-Indian Defence Nimzo-Indian Defence R e s h e v s k y — B o t v in n ik .. 1931 Colle System 123 ... Moscow-Prague match........ 50... 42... Stoltz— *C o lle ........... Queen's Pawn Game Moscow tournament......... .. 1946. Avro tournament. Bled tournament.. Eindhoven 1937 46........... K eres.... 1938 Dutch Defence "“ K Avro tournament.... Colle— * K ash d an. Folkestone team tourna S u lt a n K h a n — * A le k h in e ...CONTENTS 40... 1935 Scotch Game E uwe— A l e k h i n e .... 47... E uw e— Bled tournament..... 48. eres. French Defence e n in g s Op .... 41.. 1931 Alekhine Defence Kings Indian Defence 126 128 131 136 138 141 143 145 149 152 Y ates..................... Nimzo-Indian Defence Katetov........... 1932. 1938 Avro tournament.....155 ......... 49.............. 19th match game.. 43... 1933 44.... S p ie l m a n n — L a s k e r .. match.. 1946 Sm y slo v — Index of Anglo-Russian radio ................ E F uw e— in e — .... Hastings tournament..... 1938 Ruy Lopez *B o t v in n ik — A lexander........ 45. ment......

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The artist is a being apart.INTRODUCTION I can do no better in giving my reasons for making the presen collection of games than to tell the story of an incident which occulted at a British Chess Federation congress. “ I enjoyed that. that game is enjoyable and good enough for most of us. we seek to attain supremacy only to find our opponent securing the ascendancy on some other part of the board. When the game finished in a draw White said to Black.” said White. with a queen sacrifice and a knight sacrifice. So long as a game is hard fought. we continue to extract the utmost pleasure from the humble rough-and-tumble chess of which we are capable. that is good. . yes. As with art. and especially if it is complicated and exciting.” agreed Black.” “ No. “ and I never shall see things like that though I study master brilliancies till the cows come home. Two moderate players were engaged in a very complicated and exciting game and a well-known master was looking on. “ The mate in six. but it was the most enjoyable game I’ve had for months. A look of puzzled exasperation came over the master’s face. but our own opponents wriggle out of our best laid schemes and as like as not we then have to struggle to avoid defeat our selves .” With a helpless shrug of his expressive shoulders the master left them. but you did not see it. the difference being that we do not leave the playing of the game to the experts. so with chess. and Black three moves later missed a forced mate in six ! ” The pieces were set up again and the correctness of the master’s analysis was established. and if we occasionally miss a brilliancy because our imagination will not rise to it we probably get greater pleasure from a greater number of games than the artist does who cannot appreciate anything less than perfection. We watch the defeated master in the ineluctable toils. “ it was not good.” " Good ? ” interposed the master. the rest of us can admire works of art but we cannot create them. This is chess as we know it and as we have to play it. Many collections of games have been made in which the bril liancies which are beyond the average player are beautifully dis played. “ But White could have won a piece nine moves ago.” said Black.” " Then the game is not good? ” “ All right. searching ever after perfection . “ All the same it was a rattling good game. We admire them but cannot relate them to our own play over the board. It was a really good game.

15 and 20.N. A few of the games will be old favourites. fighting chess. and these have frequently passed through so many hands that it has not been possible to acknowledge the original except in a few cases . nor to allow master technique to win a won game by copybook methods . R. here is complicated. which could not well be omitted from a collection of this nature . Harrow.C. As for the title— the contes tants are all of the blood royal of chess aristocracy and the games ate in all senses Battles Royal. the few original notes are designed to throw into relief the up-anddown nature of the various battles. in these games neither player is content to be smothered by the brilliant imagination of the other. such are Nos. Many of the others will be less well known.INTRODUCTION The present collection consists of master examples of the sort of game which White and Black enjoyed so much at the congress . The notes are indebted to many sources for analyses. well and good. 1948 . but if their presence serves to whet the appetite for more like them. here may be seen how the masters react when a combination goes wrong or when their opponents fight back .

but not QPx P. 4. K P x P P-Q4 1. 15. P— Q4 7.. 8 R— K i. at once. 1834. B i s h o p ’s O p e n i n g 910. K t x Q . P x K t .Q— Q3 .L. 14. win ning a piece. 16 RxQch. 17 X X 9 . P— KB4 . 10. 14. 11 P x K t . Even now White must play with the greatest exactness to avoid losing a piece. P— K4 P— K4 B— B4 B— B4 P— QB3 Q— Kt4 was a later fashion. . Kt— R3 Q -K 2 P— Q3 B— Kt3 Kt— KB3 B— Kt5 An alternative was B x P . 3. P— K5 Q— Q2 PxKt R— K i Kt— K5 Q— B4 P— KB4 PxP [Diagram 1] P— Kt4 If K t x P . 11. no rival worthy of him being found until 1834. Q . GAME 1 MCDONNELL-DE LABOURDONNAIS 1st game of the 4th match and 47th of the series. M. The Frenchman won the majority because of his greater versatility and position judgment. C. 3.K 3 If Qx Kt P. 8. not 15 . 9 B— Q5. K x R . Kt— B2 QKt— Q2 And now if Kt x P . Black is now able to take advantage of the queen’s position with a beautiful pawn sacrifice which opens a phase of absorbing in terest and complexity. de Labourdonnais (1795-1840) was the greatest chessmaster of the first half of the nineteenth century. when he came to London and played A. .. 12. 13. 2. P x B . K in g ’s Better was B— KKt5. Kt— B3 5* O— O 6. London. McDonnell (1798-1835) in a series of games which still bears comparison with those of any later age. P x Q . 9 B— Q5. The premature death of both players was an irreparable loss and it is fitting that they lie now in adjacent graves at Kensal Green. 1 2 PXQ.

retaining the piece. 20. 20 P— B3. (D ia g r a m i ) A new phase begins. Kt x P ch . but B— K2 was probably sounder. Not 30 R x P . with advantage to Black. Qx Q. P— B5 B — Qi 25. . K t— R3 29. K tx K tP Black must proceed with care. 32. 25. 22 P— B4. 23. .12 (b l a c k ) de BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD l a b o u r d o n n a is 18. 23 B x P . Q— Kt2ch„ and 24 . each player endeavouring to use the passed pawns. 19. Kt— K4 A fine continuation threaten ing both Kt X B and Kt x Pch. 23. winning back one of the knights with the better game.. 16. P -Q 6 Better was B— K3. 27. P— B3 Px B Now it is White who must be careful. B x BP . Kt— Q3 . 22. B xP ch. If P x B . P— B6 K t— K5ch. K— R i P— R6 . 17. K t— B4 30. QxQch. B x Kt PxB P— R5 QR— Qi P . K t— K4 .. P— B4 (w h i t e ) M CD ON NELL Kt (Kt)— B3 K tx K P Q— Q2 K xQ Position before Black's 14th move. 17.B 7ch. 16 BxQ. P— Kt4 R— B i P— B5 KR— B i B xK tch . B— Kt2 30. re taining the piece. and 18 P x B with two pieces for the rook. Q— K2 19.. Q x Pch. 21 Q— B i. 27. P x P . B— Ktsch. If at once 19 Q x Pch. but the rook will be needed here whether it is or not. QR— K i 24. 15.. 18 PxP. 31. but 15 • • •. K — B i . 16. Kt (K)— B2 . P— B3 PxB Black’s P— Kt5 cannot be long prevented. Now the bishop cannot cross to the de fence of the king. 3334. This holds the extra pawn. 26. P— KR4 B— B3 P— Kts Not 17 P x P. 28. P x K t 21.

K t — Kt6ch. K— K3 (or R— K K t i . .. R x Q . 41 K x Q . K t x R .. R x P . R— K t7ch. 46 K x P . R— K K t i . . If White replies 4 1K x P. 42 K x P . 39 P— B6ch. 40. 46 B x P. P— K6ch. with Black winning the exchange. R (4)— Qi In spite of the threat on K K ti. 42 R x K t. R— Kt8ch. P x P .. To prevent a Black rook going to K R i. P— Kt7 Mate and 36 P x P. and Black’s last hope of attack is broken. . .. K— B 5 . after which White has to avoid both 36 . K — Q4 . 44 P— B6ch. 38 RxKt. 38. Kt— Kt4ch. K x P . .. 40 P xPch. .. P— K t3 . R (1)— K t7ch... P— R7 Threatening to win by 4 1 .MCDONNELL— DE LABOURDONNAIS 13 Now 35 . 39... . R— Kt8ch. R— R7 Mate. and the pawns will be too strong. 45 P -Q 7 . P x P . (WHITE) MCDONNELL Position before White's 37th move ( D ia g r a m 2) RxKtP Stronger than Kt X Pch. 43 . 46 R— KB4. Insufficient would be 38 . and White’s pawns compensate for the loss of the exchange. 45 P x Pch. 44 K — R4. 41 K— R2.. 42 B— B6ch„ K— B i .. K — Qi Not K x P . P— K t6 . K x P . leads to no more than a draw after 39 R x R . 44 P— Q8=Qch.. R— B4 . P x P R (K)— KKti White’s last move has brought Black’s attack to a standstill.. 40K— R2. Kt X Pch. R x R (threatening R— R8ch. 43 P— Q7ch. . Clearly the rook cannot be taken.. . 39 RxP. R— Q3 36.). . 41 R— K 5ch. . 43 B x K t . 40 R xK tch. .. 41 R— B4CI1. R— Kt8ch. for example.. R— Q4 37... P— Kt5 R— K K ti P— Kt6 (BLACK) DE LABOURDONNAIS while 38 .. 45 B x Rch.. but he hopes now for more. 42 R x P . 47 K x P . K x B ..... 40. then the combination of R(6)— Kt3 with the mating threat forces White to play his pawns as in the actual game. R x R . 39. P x R = Q c h .. White can play R x K t for then 40 . 44 P— B6. K— B2 . 35.. . K t— K 7ch. 43 K — R3. R x P ) .. 42 K— R2. is a serious threat.

R X R . 48. 47 KR— Qich. 7. 46 P— Q8=Q. R— R i . 18 B— K t3. 47. K — Q4 . 48 K x P. K — K i . P xP ch . and wins. 14. P— Q4 p . B — K t s . 13 Kt — Q5. 10 Q— K2. 19 Q x R P . R x K t . London. P x P 43. . K t— K 6ch. 14 B X Q . P— B6ch. 4. P— B3 . PxB B— KKt5 Kt x P K— R i Q— R4 B— Q5 B x Kt K— R i Kt— B3 Q— K2 QR— Qi P— QR3 Kt— Q5 GAME 2 DE LABOURDONNAIS-MCDONNELL 2nd game of the 6th match and 78th of the series. P— K t4. 9 K— B i. R— Bich. Q— K2 . K t— KKt5 O— O More decisive than K x P . for after 9 P— Q6 dis. 12.. continued 7 . . B x Pch. — B7CI1. B— Kt3 . etc. R— K3 46. 12 P— Q6. 8 B— Kts. 49 B — Kt7. 11 R— Qi. The threat is 17 . K— Kts Rx B K xR R— Q3 R xP K — Q6 K— K6 9. . P x P . 49. P— R4ch. nothing better than P x P . P— K8=Qch. P— QB4 P x P Sacrificing a pawn on the Q side in order to force White to give up his KP. and Black won magni ficently. 10 K t— B7CI1. 5. Daring.14 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 41. 48 R ch. is then considerable.. K— B i Resigns. K— R i . It is the virtual though his pressure in the centre end of a very great struggle. K x P 44. 50 R . K— Kt2 52. 47 R x R. K t x K t . the 50th of the series. 45. R (K) — K K t i .Q K ti. P— Q7 51. K — Kt4 3... 0 —0 10. . White finds that a pawn on K6 exerts less pressure than one on Q5. win ning the queen. 20 Q— Kt6.. 13. 11 B x R . P— k 4 P— Q5 Kt— QB3 Bx P K t— B3 p—k 4 P— KB4 K t— K B3 B— B4 PxP A very famous game. K R — Q K t i. K — Q i . P— K7Ch. B— B3ch. K— Q2 42. 8.q4 2. If 45 P— Q7. K — K2 .. R— Kt8ch. P— B5 . 1516. Black’s reply to the text move also decides the game. 10.. Q u e e n ’s G a m b it 1. R— Bich. R x Q . R x Q 45. Kt— K6 B— Q3 Kt(5) x KP leads to an equal game. 53. However. 11. 49 R— KB8.K x P Sooner or later he must take the pawn. . 1834. 6. Black has R (K)— K K t3 . R x R 50.

for Q or R — R sch .DE LABOURDONNAIS— MCDONNELL 15 17. R x K t . Better was B— R3. 28 BxP. Q— B3 the attack.. . R— K tic h . 21 Q— R4 (not Q— Not 23 K x B. P— KB4 gins to fight his way out.. 28. White is lost. B x P R— K K ti Threatening 28 . for the 25. and if R— R5 .. (BLACK) MCDONNELL (WHITE) DE LABOURDONNAIS Position before Black's 22nd move.. ( D ia g r a m 3) . Kt. Q— B4 P— K 5 He cannot prevent the bishop returning to the defence of the king. 22. R x K t P x R Better was R — K3. Q— B5 PxP than is at first apparent. R— K t i . . Kt— B7 . 29 Q— k 3.. with a strong K — K ti. 20 K tx 23. 28. Q— Kt2 29. Q— Kt2 . P—• K5 ). R— K3 B. With the text move White be 19. BxP Reluctant to accept the offer. Q x P 0324. K t— B6 Threatening Q x Kt. R— Kt2 If Q— K3 (to prevent the Clever but not best. R— R5ch. Now R— K3 was essential. and mates. 27 K— Kti. R— K2 R— K K ts 31. and mates). K t— B3 23. R x B c h . R— B2 Rx P 30. Q— R5 . . The only move to continue 20. K x B R— Q5 attack on his king is stronger 26. B x K t PxB 18. . but better was B— 21. Q— R5ch. After K t— B6. B— R3 R— KB5 32. 24 R3. 29 K — K ti (B— R3. If 19 Q x P . B x P QxP 19. with a solid position. R— K5 . 30 Q— Q5. K t— B6ch. QR— K i 22. P— B4 This loses the pawn. P— KB4 . 21. win ning. P— K5 . 23 R— K3 (P x Kt. Q— K4). 25 P x position. nor Q— Q3. 20. 27.

whereas if only 47 K t— B2 had been avail . Apparently accepting the bait. 45. Black’s reply prepares a subtle counter to this plan. and is in a position to advance his own pawns. .QxQch. 32. Both players are still scheming to win. P— R4 36. R— KB2 After 34 B x P. ( D ia g r a m 4) The purpose of White’s 44th move is now clear. White could not hope to win.K— Q3 This unassuming move is a necessary preparation for yet another plan to advance the QRP. R— Q7ch. Q— Q5 would lead to positions similar to those in the text. 45. . 35 K x R . Kt— B4 cannot be prevented. ending the threat on the QR file. K— K ti 41. B— Kt2 34- P— B5 K— Kt2 Now Black seems to have succeeded in his plan to halt the QRP. 44. cutting off the Black rook. B— Kt7 39. K t— Qsch. K— K i 43. 40. By this sudden counter attack (threatening R— KKt3 and R— R4 Mate. and later another mate on KR8) Black hopes to force 40 B x P . R— R3 R— R8ch. but he is one move too late. 36. Q— O5 33. K -K t4 46. P— R6 R— K B i R— Q3 R— B4 P— B6 (BLACK) MCDONNELL ( w h it e ) d e l a b o u r d o n n a i s Position before White's 40th move. 44K -B 3 Hoping to induce White to waste time capturing the QBP while he mobilises his K side.i6 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD threatened checks on K ti and Kt3). R X Rch. K — Q2 R— Kt3ch. R x Q 34. Kt— K3 R— B3 Envisaging the advance and possible queening of the QRP. R x P . but actually continuing the plan made the previous move to bring the knight to QR3 or QR5. 37. P— R5 38. R— R8 35. K— B i 42.

62. 57.. 49* K— B2 R— Qx 50. Black could have replied 47. R— B i K— Kt7 54. 58.. 65 R— Kt3ch. B— R i R— K ti P— Kt6 P— R6 P— R7 K— Kt6 R— QKt3 R— K ti Resigns. White is now in difficulties and his next move suggests that the best plan he can find is to play B— B8 and then sacrifice the bishop for the RP.Q i p -b 3 Cutting off the bishop and threatening P— B7.. R x B . the pawns begin to fall. 47.DE LABOURDONNAIS— MCDONNELL 17 able. R(8)— R4 or R5. 50 K— B3. 48 P— Kt3. Black therefore proceeds with his own plans.. P— R8=Q R x Q 52. P— Kt5 B x Pch. K3ch.. For after 64 Kt— Bich. and only then Kt— R5. though he stood a better chance of drawing by R x P .R . 49 P — Kt4. R— R5 (aiming to get rid of both White’s Q-side pawns for his rook) . 63. R— R8 (more point to White’s 44th. P— R4. K— R6 . Black could now play R— R7CI1. 58. K— Kt6 53. . 49 R x P . B— Kt7 Kt— B4 P— B7 R-K3 57 Kt— Not P— B 8 = Q . 61.). 52. with the K on Q2. which is to reopen the diagonal. 59. B x R White is now two pieces ahead but Black’s pawns are becoming increasingly dan gerous. 48 B x R . Kt— R3 R— Q8ch. 55. 60. Kt— Q2 P— Kt4 P— R5 Finding the correct method just in time. P— R7 K— Kt5 51. with a draw. 48. 56. Kt— B4 P— R4 If R— R5 .

P— QKt4 The advance of the Q side pawns in this opening was later strongly commended by Bird. P— K4 2. An un successful appearance at the Birmingham tournament of 1858 was his only other incursion into competitive play. 19 Kt XB. Kt — K2 . he was decisively defeated. 18. R x P .P . 18. B x B . Kt X KP. Boncourt was a strong French master who drew a match with Szen in 1835. He won a short match against Staunton early in 1843 but in the big return match later in the year. 21 Q— K2. with variations similar to those in the actual game. 14 14 Kt x B. 9. B— K3 QKt— Q2 P— KR3 B— R4 K— R2 The game has suddenly be come exceedingly critical. GAME 3 BON COURT—SAINT-AMANT 11. B x R P . B— KKt5 P— Q3 8. which would at present be answered by 13 . If White replies 18 P— Q5. which was virtually for the world championship. de Saint-Amant (1800-1873) became the leader of French chess after the departure of de Labourdonnais from France. B— B4 3. B xB Or 18 R P x P . 13. B— KKt3 P— R 3 B— KR2 P— Q4 P— Kt4 P— KR4 P— R 5 Kt— KR4 P— Kt5 The normal gambit continua tion of the King s Bishop's Opening is P— Q4. Now the game transposes into a quiet version of the Giuoco Piano. 21. Black gets a very strong attack by P x K t . B— B4 Kt— K B 3K t— B3 P— B3 B— Kt3 6. Preparing to support a K side attack with R— K K ti. 8. Giuoco P ia n o 1. F. Q— B2 Played in Paris.. 14. . . i g K t x P . 12. 17. threatening Kt— Kt6ch. 10. 1839. P— R4 K— R i P— R3 R— K K ti 13. RPxP PxP Kt— B4 PxB RxP PxP Kt— Kt6ch. 20 P x B . 3.i8 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD P. 1516. 20. 0 — 0 0— 0 7. 4. C. 5.Q 3 P— K4 Kt— KB3 While White prepares an at tack in the centre with P— Q4. Q— B3.. B x B . 19.

P x Kt Not P xR ch.. 28 K— K ti. K— K t3 . 27 R— Q7. . R x B c h . QR— Qi Now the form of Black’s attack is clear. .K t— B3 (WHITE) BONCOURT Position before Black's 24th move. Q— R5 . Q— R5ch. P— Kt5 (b l a c k ) White also plays to win . 25 Q— Q2 (not R— Q3>R . 24 QR— Qi. 26 K x R . . R— R8ch. K t— R4 31. R— R5 . P x K t . R x B c h . PxQ ch. Black brings all his pieces on to good squares before recovering the piece. R— R5 . Kt X R Now 28 P x Kt does not win a piece because R— R3 in reply followed by the capture on his KB2 leaves him the exchange down. 26 Q— QB2.BONCOURT— SAINT-AMANT 19 A splendid continuation. 23. K — K ti R— B2 RxBch. 35 K— B i. K — K t3 33. K txB R— R5 Of course not 25 P x Kt. Nevertheless 24 Kt x B still gave him better chances. P x P 30. The best line was 23 K t x B . R x Bch. K t— K6ch. 25 Kt— B3. . 26. R x R . 24. 24. Q— K2. while if 23 Kt (3) x P . 27. . Q— B4ch. 24 Kt x Kt. He must therefore take the rook while it is still there. 30. 29. R(Kt)— R5. . . 25. P x K t PxP 23. when R xB ch. R— Q i . P x K t . 26 Kt X R. 22. 34 Qx Q . 28. with a winning game. Kt— B3 PxP R— K B i 0— K2 s a in t -a m a n t And now not 30 P x K t . winning. 26 R(B)— Qx. ignoring the threatened loss of the K P and continuing the attack at all costs. 25 K— K ti. (D ia g r a m 5) If 33 K t x P . 25. brings Black’s attack to one of its successful conclu sions. 28 K x R . 29P x K t . Q— K2 Kt— B5 32. If 23 Kt(4) x P. Kt x K t . he is a piece ahead and hopes to capture another while Black goes after the condemned bishop. R— R5. K t— Ktsch.R i . . 24 K t x B .. 28. QxRch.

He was a profound theorist. P— B4 11. R -Q 3 QxP KxQ R-Q7 R xP R— B5 PxRch. 41 Kt— •K6.b 5 Kt— K4 13. Cochrane. 40. R— B2 . 0— 0 B -K 3 BxB 12. 40 K— Kt4. 43 K— B2. actually loses shows how carefully Black has calculated the whole of the pre ceding play. K— B4 . QxQch. organising the first game by telegraph and the first international tournament. Staunton (1810-1874) was the only British player to become world champion. P x P P— K4 Resigns. K in g ’s B is h o p ’ s O p e n i n g 1. A weak heart limited his capacity for strenuous play after 1849. among his other conquests being Popert. London. for if 39 R— Qi. B— B4 3 . p . R— Kt2ch. White can hardly save the ending. 43 R— K i. P— K7 . author of a number of books. On the other hand after the better 38 K— Kt3. R P x B 14.P— Q4 P— K4 Kt— KB3 Q— K2 Kt— K4 P— b 3 8. 44 K— Ktx. 42 Kt— Q8. 1843. RxP R— B5 That this move. As a result of Black’s in- . 7 . a position he was generally considered to have attained after his victory over Saint-Amant in Paris in 1843.20 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 33 34 35 36 .B— Kt3 co & 1 & Better was P x P at once.R x P Q -k3 4 . 37 38. 38. GAME 4 STAUNTON—SAINT-AMANT 2nd match game. 40 Kt— Q4.Q 3 9 KKt— K2 P— KR3 10. . the editor of the first successful chess magazine and a great pioneer. . P— K6ch. which looks perfectly good. P— K4 2. P— K5 . H. K— B3 .Kt— QB3 P x P Kt— B3 5. P -K R 3 P . threaten ing Kt— Q3. Harrwitz and Jaenisch. Horwitz. K— Kt3 P— K5 PxKt A brilliant conclusion to a tremendous game. P— K4. or 39 R x R .Q xP 6. R— Q2 . His record in match play is unequalled by any other British player. K x R . 39.

White returns to the attack with a splendid fighting com bination which all but secures the draw.STAUNTON— SAINT-AMANT 21 different opening White has now much the better game. 14. 28 P— B4. P— Kt5 P— Q4 KR— K i (WHITE) STAUNTON Forced by the threat of P— Q Kt3. A/. ( D i a g r a m 6) 37* R x P Just as Black appears to be consolidating his advantage. 15. Q— Kt4 (b l a c k ) Q— K4 s a i n t -a m a n t Losing a pawn. B— K t 4 .U j Position before White's 37th move. 35 Q— B5Black threatens R— K6. Black cannot reply 37 . Q -Ö 3 P . 24KtxKt BxKt P— B4 K t— B3 Q— B3 B— R5 K txP P— QKt4 If P x P . 16. R— K B i P— Q5 K txK t B— Qi B— Kt4 If B— B2 . . 20 Kt— KB3 first was better. 23. 18. 20. Black could safely con tinue Q X P . 0—0 34. B— R5 Q— B i 20. K t— Kt6 But now White rushes matters too fast. . P— B6 PxB P— Kt3 N ow 19.. and Black controls the K file. but if 24 R— K i. P— Q4. 17. K x R . Q -K B 3 P— Q6 36. 27 B— B7. 38 Q— Q7ch. It is now Black who calls the tune. Kt— B3. 29 R x P.P— QKt3. Kt— Q2 31. 26 K t x B . 33 B— B4. 35. show ing that he should have played B — Kt4 a move earlier. X ---XJ-----------.. Q x B P .Q K t3 . 22. QR— B i . 18. R— Q K ti B— Q2 Kt(4)— Q2 KR— R i Q— Qi Kt— R4 B— K2 K t— Q4 29. B x K t 32. 2425. and Black is able to counter the flank attack with a thrust in the centre which recovers the pawn. 25 P— B4. P— B3 26. 21. B — K i 30. 28. K t x K t . 33. The line chosen is less decisive but good enough. B x B Not 18 B— R5.

is correct.K . 3738. 51. ch. with advantage. 50. K— R i Q— K7 R— Kt7ch. K— Kts. R— B 7 R—Kt6 R—KR7 R— Kts R— QB7 P— B5 K— Q4 P— Kt4 R— B5ch. K — K t i . R -Q 5 K -K 3 R— K ts K — B2 R— Q5 R— QKt5 R .Q 7 < * . K— R3 . The win ning line was 68 .. 48 K — B2. K— Q5 R— Kt7 P— Kt4 R— Kt5 Up to this point Black has played with exemplary pre cision and has foiled all White’s efforts to ensure the draw. K — R3 K — B2.ch..22 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R — K2 . K x R Q— Q7ch. (b l a c k ) s a i n t -a m a n t Of course if now 42 PxRdis. K x P . R— Q i. . 40. K — B i R— B7ch.. 69 R— B6. as he discovers. 5455. . Q— K6ch. K — K 6 . P x R . ( D ia g r a m 7) 68. Q xQ 43. 69. 4i42. 73 P— Kts. 65. 57. 49 K— K i. 60.. R— B5ch. 72 K x P . K — K ti If 44 R— Qi. 59. 70 K x P . 41 R— B^ch. 42. 52. K — Kt4 K — Q3 R X P K— B4 R— Ktsch. PxQdis. 46 P —QKt3.K— R5 R—B6 K—Kt4 R—B5ch. 64. 63. 67. 48.. 56. K — K 3 . P— R4 70. 53. K .. 66. but now he errs in allowing White to obtain a passed pawn. 68. 47 K— K ti. 58. 444546.. 47.ch. P— R5 71. 42 Q— B8ch. 40 Q— Q8ch. K— R2 . 45 R— Q2. 49. P x P R— Kt6 R— Kt6 . 39. P— B6 dis.K 4 . R— K2 QxRch.ch. R— Qi P -Q K t3 K — B2 K — K2 RxP R— Q5 RxKtP R— Q i R— Q5 P— Q7 R— Q6 RxKtP R— QB6 R x BP K— B3 (WHITE) STAUNTON Position before Black's 68th move. K— K5 . 61. to hold the QKtP. K— R5 . K x P 44. 71 R x R . R— Q5.. 39 P x R dis. winning. Q x Rch.K 3 R— QB7 K — B4 R— B7ch. 62.

E. R— Q6ch. R— Kt6ch. 1. RxKtP R -Q B 5 K -Q 5 K— B6 P— B6 R— QB8 P -B 7 Now the draw is certain. R— K8ch. 1885. 1877. 71 72 73 74 75 K— B3 K— Q4 K— K4 K— B5 R x Pch. B. R— B8ch.-K6 K . 81. P— Q4 KtxQP . 85. 72 K— B3. . 79 80. 90. his success was limited by a predilection for risky and unusual openings. GAME 5 BIRD—HORWITZ R uy L opez 2nd game. which flourished between 1836 and 1846. 77 78. He met both Morphy and Anderssen. H. RxPch. 1851. against Steinitz in 1866. 86.-b 7 K .-K6 K .-b 7 K . played regularly in international tournaments between 1851 and 1899. 89. B— Kts Kt— B3 4. a genial and popular British master. 75 - K . Horwitz was one of the most eminent of the famous and brilliant school of seven German masters. P— K4 P— K4 2. K xP The way White now shuffles down the file without allowing Black a' check is amusing. Kt— KB3 Kt— QB3 3. 85. 84. equal 2nd at Hereford.-B6 K . known as the Pleiades. 76. his best results being 1st at London. London tournament. 88. 87. he only lost by the odd game in 17. 83. 1879 and 1889. 1st round. He resided in England after 1845 and it was during this latter part of his career that he was associated with Kling in the compilation of their famous book of end-game studies.STAUNTON— SAINT-AMANT 23 Better than 71 Rx Kt P. A player of dashing originality. and contested matches with Steinitz and Lasker . R— QKt8 R— B8ch. R— QKt6 82. R— B4 K— B 5 R— B3 K— B4 K— Kt3 K -B 3 K— K4 K— B4 K— K5 K— B5 Drawn. So magnificent a struggle in an off hand match made a later set match a virtual certainty. P x P. Bird (1830-1908).-K6 R— Kt8 R— B8ch. and 3rd at Philadelphia. just after that player had become world champion.

P x K t . Q— K2 (not P— KR3. 20. winning the queen. 26. would lose a piece. Q— K2 Pinning the BP on the queen. but he cannot put it into opera . 9. so that the queen will be left undefended and a further pin made possible on the diag onal. 24.Q— Kt 5 QR— K i Q— B7 14. 12.. R -K B 3 Q -Q 7 P— KR4 P— B3 Now Kt— B6ch. is answered by Q . 9. 19. 26QxBch. Black defends skilfully after his initial weak play. K t x Q . 10. Q— K2 . B— Kt3 KtxP Kt— K4 Kt— Kt3 PxP O— O Satisfied that he can hold the threat to his bishop. 7. A waiting move. B— QB4 B— B4 8. which also hinges upon the pin of the KBP. 18 R moves.Q— R4 If 17 R x Q . Q— B i . 25 Q— Kt5. 21. P-QB3 P-QR3 B— K2. for which he has an ingenious defence pre pared. 7. playing to win the centre pawn. BxKt R— K3 Q xP R— Kt3 Q— R4 QxKt PxB B— B4 B— Kt3 Q— K4 Q xP An unnecessary gambit. P x P was better.34 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Allowing White too much scope. He has another pretty defence against the ad vance of the RP. The rook is to be forced off the KKt file.QR— K i Kt— Q4 By sacrificing another pawn White has developed a danger ous attack and threatens Kt— B6ch. K— R i 25 . ). but K— Kt2 was better.Q—r 5 P— Q3 Beautifully conceived. 6. recovering the piece with a winning game. Q x P was strong and took full advantage of Black’s 4th move. 23. Black finds a brilliant defence. 16. 12. 27. White cannot reply R— K K ti because of R— K8. P— B4 Q— Q5ch. The likely looking KR— K i only gives a draw after 23 P— B4. Kt— B3 17.R 5. 18. 5. 11.B— Kt5 Q x P 15. the more solid R— K i does not achieve all it might because of his failure to take the pawn on the 7th move.. KtxKt P— K5 O— O PxKt Kt— Q4 16. Kt x B *3. 22. 17. 24 Q— R6. Now and in the following moves White plays for attack at all costs .

. if not quite sound. Q xR R— R3ch. 45. QxRch. But though both pawn advances are held White finds another gallant.. win ning the exchange. R— Kt3ch.ch. 44. BxPch. ( D i a g r a m 8) Apparently turning the tables entirely for if the queen moves. 31 P x R. K x Q 32. Prettily destroying Black’s position. Now the king will be entirely exposed. Correct was K x P . 31 P x R dis. 38 P x P . R— B6ch. threatening R— R8 Mate. 43.ch. K— Kt5 . K — K6 K— Kt3 (BLACK) HORWITZ (WHITE) BIRD Position before White's 29th move.. R— R8ch. 30 P— R 6 c h . P x Rdis. 31 Q— B6 Mate). 28. R x B Forced. in playing to win he loses. and 32 Qx Q . 36 R— B4ch. After K — K2 . 40. and not by K— Kt4 ..BIRD— HORWITZ 25 tion until P— R5 leaves the queen undefended again. But White’s task even now presents difficulties. 42. 34 PxPch. 33. and strange coming from a famous end game composer.. wins). Black should not hope after his pre vious move for more than a per petual check. 31. RxPch. R P x P . 33 P x B . K— R2 If K— R4 . K x B ( K — R i . method of keeping his flag flying. R— R3ch. K— R4 If K— R2 .. P— R5 R— K4 An error. which is answered by K— Kt2 . 30. 37 RxQch. 29. K x R . 38 R— B8. Q x P . Q x R . P x B QPxP A graver error. 40 R(6)— Kt6. . 41.K— Kt3 37. K — Kt5 R xQ K— B5 R— B8ch. P x P KxP 35. K— R2 P— K 5 36. 35 R— B7ch. Black’s extra pawns should win. K— Kt2 . 34. R— B7ch. R— B i Not K — Kt2 . 34 P x P (not R— B6ch. K— K t i . R— B8 Q— Q5 41.K — R3 39. 38. Q— Q8ch. threatening R(6)— Kty. If K — Kt2 . 35 R(i)— Bsch..

K— K3 Kt— Kt7ch. White’s method of play is an swered by Staunton with crush ing logic.B 3 The saving clause and a pretty one.Q 7 K— B4 P— K6 R— Q6ch. Black would have been forced into 51 .. K— R i Kt— K3 12. 48. P— Kt5 59. R x K t 58. 49.K . P— QKt4 B— Kt3 2nd match game. 46. 57.. 56 R— R i Mate. K— Q3 KxR P— Kts Resigns. the most brilliant and the strongest of the German “ Pleiades/’ was prevented after 1840 from participating in competition play by his duties as an Ambassador of the Prussian court. . 1853. Kt— K2 P— QB4 7. 50. P— B4 R— QKt8P— Kt4 R— Kt6 P— B5 R x R P P— B6 R -Q B 6 K . von Heydebrandt und der Lasa (1819-1899). . but an unfinished series against Staunton in 1853 was his only play of a competitive nature. 55. K— B8 55. P— Kt4 K— B7 If P— B7 . GAME 6 VON DER LASA-STAUNTON Modem practice is Kt— KB3. R— KR6 P— K7 54. B— R4 B— QB4 11. wins. K t— B4 P— B5 10. Now Black comes almost within reach of victory again. K— K7 53. P— K8=Ktch. and 50 K— B i. P— KB3 Kt— Kt4 9. 57 R— Rich. when 52 K — K2. K i n g ’ s B is h o p ’ s O p e n i n g 1. 47. B— K t3 Kt— K5 6. If White had played 45 K— K ti. K — Kt2 . 4- P— K 4 P— K4 P— Q4 P x P B— QB4 K t— KB3 P -K 5 . He always retained an interest in the game. If now P— K 8=Q or P— B7 . A cut and thrust game of exceptional bril liance all through. 4P— Q4 5.26 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD K — K ti was much stronger. 58 R x Kt. K— B7 . 2. O— O Kt — QB3 8. R— R2ch. 51. 45. 56. 3. Brussels. 52.

Q— B3 33. R— B3 20. K t x K t B x K t 14. White in turn The saving clause and a splen did one. Moreover.VON DER LASA— STAUNTON 27 IfB xP . P— Kt5 Kt— K2 Safe enough... K x P > 30 Q— Bsch. B — Q5 > 22 R— QKti. and Black’s Kt x P would now be answered by 29 PxPch. but better was von der Lasa’s suggestion 17 . the beautiful move 0 . 28.Q — Kt8ch. B— Kt2 K t— K ti K t— R3 R— R3 R— K B 1 P— K6 Q— QB4 QR—=Qi Q— K2 P— KR3 Q— B4 If 30 P— B5. B— R3 O— O 16. Kt— Q5 .i3 K txK t. 20 Q— Qi. 21. R— Kt4 Kt x P Q— B2 Q x Kt would allow mate. P x P 19. R— K i. 30. K— R i . R(3)xP In a difficult position White produces a magnificent move to make a fight of it. P x P . 18. His brave effort is now over and Staunton winds up powerfully. 31 R— K t3. 29. B x B . 19 Q x B . 27. R— Kt3 R— Q3 P— B3 K t x P was threatened. ( D ia g r a m 9) now threatens 29 P x Pch. 23. K t— Q2 P— Q6 17. Q— B3 30. 25. Kt — K7 (threatening Q— R5 and Kt— K t6 ). B— B2 BxP R— K i BXB (BLACK) STAUNTON (WHITE) VON DER LASA Position before Black's 28th move. 26. . and 31 R x K t by. 30 R x Ktch. and now if 33 Q x K B P . . 32 R x Pch. 20 P x P. 18 B x P.. K t— Q5 . P— B4 B— KB4 15. R— Qi Kt— Kt3 Q— B i 28. 31..B 7. Q x B 22. 24. 2 1P — Kt4. K t— B5 . K x P . Clearly the pawn cannot be captured with out loss of a piece. I4Q xP. 13. Q x B . Kt— Q6. Staunton even recom mended the sacrificial line 17 . Q— R6. If B— Kt3 . 18 B x R . Kt— B2 32. 31 P— B5 would now be answered by R— K6. 19 Q— K i. 21 B— Qi.B xK t. P x P .

GAME 7 ANDERSSEN-MORPHY 4. 6. After a meteoric career he retired completely. In style he was sound and deep but capable of exceptional brilliance when opportunity offered. Q x P QxKt 39. Q— Kt4ch. the greatest master of the open game. 5. and was regarded as the world champion from his victory at the London tournament of 1851 until his loss of a match to Steinitz in 1866 . B— R4 5 . 7. A. 7. P— K4 P— K4 Kt— KB3 Kt— QB3 B— Kt5 P— QR3 Better was B— Kt3 to hinder Black’s P— Q4. 1870. 2. *n which time he defeated every player he met including Anderssen. being afflicted with a form of melancholia. Lowenthal and Harrwitz. 8. but then rapidly became known as the most brilliant combinative player of his time. His career was limited almost entirely to the years 1857 to 1859. R uy L opez Lines involving P— B3 and P— Q4 were only developed later. 1858. K— B2 38. has claims to be regarded as the greatest player of all time. Anderssen (1818-1879) did not become prominent until he was 30 years of age. and Baden-Baden. 36. Paris. . 35. the only break in this period of supremacy was when Morphy was playing. Resigns.28 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 33 34. 9. P— Kt3 RxKt QxRP p— Kt4 P— KR4 PxR Q— R2 37. P— B3 B— B2 B— B4 P— QKt4 1. 1862. 3.P— Q3 Kt— B3 2nd match game. Among his other great tournament victories were London. Morphy (1837-1884). P— Q4 PxP KtxP P— KR3 O— O Introducing for the first time the defence now named after him. P. B x P Q— Ksch.

17 P— R3. P— Q4 P— R3 (&LACK) MORPHY Anderssen prepares to attack along the diagonal. 17 Kt— B3 K t x P .B i PxB B xP Morphy has now manoeuvred himself into a position where the isolated pawn can be captured What was good a move earlier is now inferior. and on such small nuances do success and failure so often depend. 19. 21. 20 Kt x Kt. BxR Q xB Kt— K2 Kt(3)— R4 Kt x Kt Kt x Kt Q— Q2 BxP Threatening Q— B2. White therefore takes his courage in both hands and sacrifices the exchange. . Kt x K t . The correct line. given by Zukertort was 24 . B x Kt (Q x K t . 17 Q— K4. Kt— B3 17.. Q . If 14. 16 Q— B3. The only alternative was B— Q3. 22. The alternative 16 Kt x P would be answered by Kt— B3 . The diag onal could be opened without allowing an isolated pawn by 11 Kt x P. 20. and White has a very dangerous attack. 2324. K t x Q P ( B x P . A simple and good reply was 23 .. B x P. 18 R— Q i). B— K ti B— K3 Refusing to be tempted. 11.. 15. R x R c h . 22 Q xR . . . . PxP 12. . Kt x P . but over the board it would be a danger ous venture. B— K 3 . K t . B— K 3 . > 16.ANDERSSEN— MORPHY 29 10. 25 Q x . B x K t . 12 P— Q4. 17 Q— B2. Kt— O4. Zukertort has shown that Black can prob ably just weather it.. Q x B .B 3 Kt(Q)— Kt5 14. P x P B— Kt3 13. O— O 11. Kt— K2 Kt— Q4 (WHITE) AN D ER SSEN Position before White's 19th move. 21 B x B . wins). B— Kt3 . 16 P— R3. Kt— B5 The counter-attack begins to gather weight. (D ia g r a m 10) with impunity. 15 Kt x Kt. 15 Kt— K 2. 16 Q— B3. Kt— Q4 . Kt— R2 . P— R3 16. 23. Kt— Kt3 B— B5 [Diagram 10] 19. B— K3 R— K i 18. but the pawn is a bait in Anderssen’s plan. for if 19 R— K i.

. Q— Kt5ch. If now 30 . 28 B x R . B x K t R— K8ch. P— KB3 . 27. K— R i . K t x B And once again White finds a surprise move to keep his game alive. 33343536. .. Q x Kt ( R x K t . 29 B— R7ch. 4i42. .. 3738.. R— K8ch. R— Qi Q— Q3ch. Q x K t . 30. 31 R— Kich. Q x RP 26. K— R2 27. 32 Q xQR. P x Q . K — K i 30. . Once again the simple text move seems to leave White no future. R x B).. only to find that White can nevertheless hold everything.. Even so Morphy’s line is not obviously inferior by any means. 25. R xB 28. White can force a draw by 28 K t— K7ch. R x R . 27 Kt— R4.. R— K K ti . Q— Q3ch. 27 K— R2. 26 B— R2ch. or he can play an ending with two minor pieces against a rook after 28 Kt x B. 29 Qx Q . Equally White can do nothing with his K side pawns so long as Black sits tight. 3940. Kt— K5 wins).30 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD RP.K— B i 29. Black has fought his way through all White’s brilliancies into an ending where he is the exchange ahead. with a probable draw. 31. (Kt— R4. . Q— R6ch... Q x Q 32. Black has no target for his rooks and he cannot play K — R 3 because of Kt— Bsch. . 30 B x R . 4344R -Q 2 R(R)— K i P— KKt4 R(i)— K4 P— b 3 R— K8 P— KR4 R -Q 4 K — K t3 P— R4 P— R5 K— K ti K— B2 R— K i K— K t3 K— R2 K— B4 R— K2 K— K t3 p — b 3 K — B4 R— K i K — K t3 R— K2 Drawn. 31 Q— B6ch. PxQ K— B i And it is only this brilliant continuation which shows up the weakness of Black’s 24th move. Now if 27 . K x B . K — K2 .

1896. 3. His tournament record. . a Bohemian Jew. 1883. . hindering Black’s cast ling. though slightly less impressive. though possibly playable. Vienna. 910. 2. 20. leads to too difficult a game for over-the-board play. London. Q x P But this makes even less of the position than usual. 1894. Petersburg. The text move has the advan tage that White is denied the square QB3 for his knight. E v a n s G a m b it 1. 1873. 8. 12. and besides winning against Anderssen he won among others three matches against Blackbume. He was an outstanding match player. was world champion from 1866 to 1894. Steinitz (1836-1900). 1867. and St. 8.ANDERSSEN— STEINITZ 31 W. 1866. and 2nd prizes at Dundee. 4. 1871. an equal 1st at Vienna. a form of development which seems essential if White is to get up a good attack. Either White has slightly the better development for his pawn and now starts an ingenious attack which turns a material disad vantage to a material ad vantage. 1314P -Q 3 B— KKts K K t— K2 QKt— Q2 P— k r 3 B— R4 0— 0 Kt— Kt3 B— K t3 P— KR3 B— k 3 Q R -Q i 3rd match game. 7. GAME 8 ANDERSSEN—STEINITZ Q— Kt3 or K t— Kt5 was pre ferable. two against Tchigorin. one against Mackenzie and one against Gunsberg. 141516.K i P— B4 BxB KPxB QKt— K 4 K txK t KtxKt Q -Q B 3 Kt— Kt3 [Diagram n ] P— b 5 The Compromised Defence by 7 . Baden-Baden. 1882. 11. 1870. P x P. 19. 6. 1718. 5. and New York. two against Zukertort. London. he was finally beaten by Lasker. 21. included 1st prizes at London. Q -Q 2 Kt— Kt3 B -Q 5 B— K t3 Q R . . . P— K4 P— K4 Kt— K B 3 K t— QB3 B— B4 B— B4 P— Q K t 4 B x P P— B3 B— B4 P— Q4 P xP P— Q6 0 —0 Preventing P—-Q4. and the first great master of position play.

Q x K t . 25 B x P ) . for White’s extra pawn is of less value than Black’s attacking chances. 22. .. 36 R— Kt2). 28. 30. 35 Qx B) . . 35 K t— Q6. Q— B7ch. 23 Q x B . 33 R x B . 24 P— Q6. QxBch. 31. K t x P Q— K3 26. R— K3 Now White’s troubles are severe. 34 P— KKt3. threatening 28 R— Q6. 37 K— R i. 24QXRP.. P— QR4 B— Qi If 26 . . B x K t . 33. though the alternative 31 Q— Q5ch. P— QR4 . 29. 34 P— Kt4. or R x K t . K t— B6ch. 36 K— K ti. 33 Q— Q3 (Kt x B . 31. 23.p .b 5 QxRP B— R2 Q— K t7 R— Q4 p—b4 P— B5 K t— R5 Q— K t3 P -R 6 The position is extremely Black is not to be drawn. P x P ... 24. K— R i (K— R2 . 36 Q x B . . Black allows White to win a pawn on the Q side rather than indulge in difficult and elaborate defensive measures. for if 33 K t— Kt5. with advantage. R— B 3 . 27. 32 Q— Q3) . 32 Kt— B7ch... K txP R— K7 Both players go all out for attack . K txP PxP Q— B4 If 22 . White there fore offers the QRP to draw the Black bishop off the dangerous diagonal. 39 Q— K t5 . . R(4)— Qi R — Kt4 would allow B x Pch. 34 K X R. R x R . 32. R x K t ) ..32 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (b l a c k ) s t b in it z (w h i t e ) a n derssen Position before White's 21st move.P — K R 4. The text proves to be merely loss of time which puts his knight in chancery.. R— QB3 . q. Q— Q6ch. R— B i (R— K2 . K— R2 . . (D i a g r a m ii ) critical now owing to Black’s mating threat. is not entirely satis factory after 31 . but now White has a chance of utili sing his pawn which he seizes in splendid style. R— K5 . P— R5 B— B4 [Diagram 12] 34 - 21. B x K t . . 27 K t— Kt5. 35 K — B i. (not P— B6 . If in reply . P— Q6 PxP 25. P x P . 35 B x P. 38 Q— Q7. Kt— K4 . B— K2 ( Px Pe . B— Kt3 32. 35 B x P .

. . K t x B RxPch. 37. 38. 39 Q x Q . as P. for the knight is soon reduced to abject help lessness. B x K t . Q— K4 R— B3 40. White being always hampered by the neces sity of keeping his queen on the long diagonal. 37 KR— K i . Ser geant has shown. W. . 4i. ( D ia g r a m 12) 3 4 .Q— Q5ch. K— B i Kt— Q6 K t— B6 47Now follows a difficult knight end-game in which it is doubt ful whether Black’s extra pawn is sufficient to win. K t x Q . R x Q 42.. B x 50 51 A serious error. R x R K — R2 A move as subtle as White’s defence has been fine. . K t— R5 . K— R i 36. . KR— K i RxRch. He therefore sacrifices the QRP in order to break out of Black’s grip36. winning. the im mediate threat of R— Qi is only subsidiary to his real plan. forcing the queen off the diagonal. 43Kt— B6ch 44. 36 P— R8=Q. and the threat to Black’s BP enables White to draw.ANDERSSEN— STEINITZ (BLACK) STEINITZ 33 K t . 40 R(6)xB. Black delays the capture of the knight until he has attended to the threat of P— R7. He sees that the forced exchange of queens is imminent and evolves a plan to continue the attack without the queen . R— Q 2 . temporarily giving up the bishop.K— Kt2 K t X Rch. K t— Kt5 R— K3 The point. . 35. R— K2 . P— R7 White still cannot rescue his knight because of the answer 36 . 41 R— Q8. Q x P ch .QxQch. 35 P— R7. 46. 47 48 49 K — K t3 K— K2 K t— B4 K — B3 K t— K 3 K t— K5ch. The play on both sides is most brilliant. R— K2 34The thrusts and counter thrusts are most exciting. K— R i RxBch. BxP I f R x P . K — B4 K t-Q 3 (WHITE) ANDERSSEN Position before White's 34th move. whereas after K t— B4 . 39. 38 R— K6.K x R 45.

He was a very gifted and very brilliant player but of a nervous temperament and indifferent stamina. Kt— Kt6). 69 P— Kt6. GAME 9 ZUKERTORT—STEINITZ Giuoco P ia n o I. K t— Kts . 63. be cause of K — K7 .K t 5 PxP PxP K— K ti better was 62 K t— Kt4ch. P— Kt6 . K— Q6 62.P ^4 P— K4 2. 65 Kt— Kt2ch„ P x K t .K— Ktx 56.K t 5 Of course not 63 P x P . P— Kt6 63. including 1st prizes at the great tournament at Paris. K t— R3 Atkins has shown that no For after 64 K— R2 (Kt— R3. K t— Kt5 . 64 Kt— B4ch„ K— K8 . 5960. H. winning. K t— B2ch. Kt X P . Even now the White knight cannot come back into play..). 1883. K -Q 5 61. 65 K— K ti. 67 K t— K ti (Kt— Kt 5. K — R2 P .BATTLES-ROYAL OF 34 it would retain its freedom of action. in 1872 and 1886. K t— B4 . K— K7. K— K8 . He was for a long time regarded as Steinitz’s only great rival but in their two matches. P— Kt7 and wins. 62. 66 K t— R3 (Kt— B3. and London. K tx P). though he never understood why he failed to win. winning. 2nd prize at Berlin. 68 Kt— R3. and equal 2nd at Leipzig. K — B6 . P— K t3 K t— Qsch. K t— K 6 . K— Q7 . 63 K t— Q5. K t— K6 (preventing K t— B2ch. THE CHESSBOARD 52. 60. 1872. K— K7 . for if 60 K t— B2. Kt— Kt6 preventing K t— K4). 67 P— Kt4. 69 K t— B2ch. K t— K B 3 K t— QB3 3. K — k 7. He scored quite remarkable wins in tournament play. K— Kt2 54. London. 66 P x P. 61 Kt— Kt4ch. B— B4 B— B4 1st match game. . 58. K t . 1881. his stamina proved insufficient.. 68 P— Kt5.K t 3 Kt— B4ch.. K -K 5 P— B6 P— Kt4 P— R4 K . K— R2 Si- 57. Zukertort (1842-1888) was a Pole who lived in England from 1871. P— K t6. K— Q6 . K— K7 . winning. 62 K— K ti. 1878.K — Bx 55. From this moment White’s chances of saving the game vanish. 68 Kt— B3. Kt— K i 53. 1877. J.

. . . P x P K t-B 3 Px P B— Kt3 White’s attack to continue in the belief that the pressure can not be maintained. 15 P— Q6 dis. If 1 4 . and Black has two rooks and a minor piece for the queen. . preventing Black’s P— Q4 even after 6 . It should be remembered that the Moller Attack. 11. avoiding all complications on the dangerous diagonal. 17.. . 0— 0 Preferring to precipitate an immediate crisis in the centre rather than follow orthodox lines. 8. Q— K i . . . R— K i KtxKP 0 —0 (WHITE) ZUKERTORT Position before White's 16th move. Q x P . 17 R— Qi.. 19 R xQ ch.w ith advantage. . . 10 K t— B3. B— Q2 . R x R (against R— K8ch. If 1 6 . 19 K t x R . B— KB4. R— B2 QR— K i K — B i (BLACK) STEINITZ Less aggressivethan the usual B— Kt5ch. 14. . P x B . 9 B x P .ZUKERTORT— STEINITZ 35 4. 18 R x Kt. had not yet been invented. 9. The simplest reply is 14 . 12. with advantage.ch. . 18. Q x R . R— B2 . P x B . P— B3 5. . 20 K t x P . P— Q4 6. but Black allows If now 1 7 . P— Q6 Continuing the attack with unabated energy. 15. RxKt P— Q4 BxP Q xB K t— B3 Q— Qi P— Q5 K t— K2 B— K t5 P— KB3 Q— Kt3 16. K x R .) . 16 P x Kt. . 7. K— R i ..Q x B . 13. ( D ia g r a m 13) Less favourable would be P— Q4 .. B— Ktsch. 20 Q x Kt. 7. 14. threatening R— Q8 Mate. 10. K t— Q5 PxP K txK t The force of White’s attack begins to be revealed. as the Black king is then still in the centre. 18 R— K s. . as White can now play 7 K t— B3 and Black must give up all hope of playing the QP forward two squares. . . QxKt Now not 18 R— K8ch. 16. 17 Kt x P . P x B .

. 26QXB.. QxPch. If in reply 21 K x B. After the text move White threatens 19 QxPch.Q— Q5ch. 28. 38. . . 22 K— K ti.. . 35. 24. with severe pressure on Black’s position. 35 K— B4. 21 B— B4. R— KR4 P— R6 K— Kt4 . winning. P x Kt dis. 18. K— Kt3 The key move of Black’s de fence. . K— Kt 3 . 25. . 27. 21. 29. K— Bi would fail against 24 B— B4. B— B2 by 19 R — K8ch. and sure enough White makes an error on his very next move. P x B could at last be played for if 25 R— Qi.. White cannot con tinue 21 K t x P because of R x P.ch. K . and 18 .. B— QB4 is answered by 19 Kt— K5. K x B 33. allowing Black to win another pawn or force the bishops off. for 18 . Q X B ..K . 38. 20 RxQch. If 34 . K— R i B xR 22. Instead he throws every possible complication in Black’s way. K x R . K— B4 But here Black misses the best line. 36 R— Q5. . or if 35 . . Kt— K5 K— K ti BxPch. . P— Kt 5ch. R— B8ch. 23 . 27 R x Q. 20 R— K8 Mate. 36 K— Kt5. .36 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Moreover.. threatening B— Q6 Mate. for if 35 . K— Kt3 R— Q6ch. . B— Q2 the bishops of opposite colours indicate a probable draw. .K 3 .P— KR4 30.B 3 34. Black has emerged from his hammering a pawn ahead but Now if R— Qsch.b3 P— KR4 In a technically lost position White is not prepared to allow Black to proceed along known lines. .. and Black's progress is barred. Q x R .. Q x Q .. R— B i . 20. 26. R xB B— B3 K — B2 BxP 32. and if Q x Q . Kt x R K x Kt 23 . 36 R— Kt2. 37. 39. 36. 26. but the time has come to withdraw it at last.. A counter-attack just in time and a very pretty one. R— K K ti . Si- BxP PxB k. 19. 34. Q xQ B— K3 R xQ R— Q4 R— Q4 The bishop has been en prise for 12 moves. . R— K4. Black’s king has therefore ad vanced one rank as a result of the manoeuvre of the last three moves.. K— K ti R— K2 R— Q2 K— B2 P— KKt4 P— QR3 R— K i Black has nothing better than to sacrifice the QP. PxP K— Kt4 R— Qsch. An exchange of rooks would be a surrender of his last thin chance of winning. or if 35 • • .

K— R2 R— QKt8 47. P— OB4 P— K3 2. K— K5 54. He was an extremely popular chess author. 54. GAME 10 MASON-ZUKERTORT London tournament. 1888. 57 K— B4. K— B2 P— R5 49. PxP 45.MASON— ZUKERTORT 37 40. his best results being 2nd at London. Q u e e n ’ s G a m b it D e c l i n e d 1. how ever. His play was. for if 41 R— R2 then R— Bich. R— K4ch. P— K3 K t— KB3 3. 910. K— R2 K — R3 R— Kt3 K— B4 The only move to get the rook back into play. 44. 42. Kt2. 51. u n ev e n . 59 R— R i. K— B5. He won matches against Bird. K— Q5 . but the result is inevitable after 54 K— Kt4.K . 50. K x P R— Kt3 52. 48. R x QRP R x Pch. R— Kt3 K— K ti R— B i R— B7ch P— Kt4 44. K t— KB3 P— Q4 456. sprang into prominence when he won the American championship in 1877. His style was simple and elegant and on his day he was the equal of the strongest players. 1885. bom in Ireland but taken to America in infancy. . 42 K — Successfully and elegantly forcing the issue at last. R— Rsch.Q K t3 PxP B— Kt2 P— B4 A better development is by P— QKt3 and B— Kt2. J. R— Kt3ch. Mason (1849-1905). 1892. equal 2nd at Hamburg. 3rd at Vienna. R x P 41. 55 K— R5. 41. 78. P R 4 The second rook’s pawn to be sacrificed. Resigns. 1883. 43. . R— QB3 . and equal 3rd at Bradford.. P -Q 4 K t— B3 B -Q 3 PxP K t— K5 0— 0 B -Q 2 B— K2 0— 0 P . R— R3 was a much slower process. 1882. K— Kts. K— R3 R— Kt6ch. 56 K— Kt4. Mackenzie and Blackbume. R— Kt4 R— B8ch. P— R4.K t 5 A blunder. 58 K— K4. K— Kt5 . 46. K— R5 R— K3 53.

23 B xR . K t— Kt3 16. he plays for a K side attack. R— B2 RPxP B— R5 . R— K i P— B5 P— QKt4 P— Kt5 P— QR4 B xB . 26 BxQ. Q— B5 P— Kt3 [Diagram 14] 27. 19. 24 Better would be P— B4. P -Q R 3 . B x R . r2. K B x B . 21. He can not play B— Q2 because of P— Kt6. R x K t He would be better off play ing to hold his material ad vantage by K — R i . 24. as for instance K t— K 5 . P— Kt3 . and wins. but the text surprisingly loses the exchange by preventing the QR from going to K i later. R x P . B x R . 24 Q— B5. Much better was Q— K2. leading in one move more to the position reached in the actual game. The natural reaction to Black’s Q side push is to play P— K4 as soon as possible. 23.. for then B— Kt2 . 18. R— K B i Q— R4 Loss of material being in evitable. 18. P x B . P— K4 P— R6 White is forced back. Q xP 26. 17P— R 5 K t— B5 Kt— R6ch. B x R 25. 14 B— Q3. 22 B— R6. although other moves still give Black an advantage. RxP. 27 K t— Kt7. 25. 17. K t— Kt2. 25 K txP ch . B x B BxR R—R3 Deciding after all that dis cretion is the better part of valour. K t x K t K t— B3 White’s 16th move comes home to roost at last. The text is the only knight move to win the ex change. 20. P— K t3 . P— B 6 . 26 K t x Q . 21 BxB. Q — Kt4 22. 13. 11. R— B i BxKt B— Kt5 will not delay Black. 28 B— R6. K — K t 1. . 16. B— K ti 14. P— B5 . winning. P x Q .. would merely be a transposition of moves. He plays to return the exchange in order to break up White’s dangerous attack. K t— K2 15. 13 R— B i. 12. .38 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 10.Q— Q7 In this apparently desperate predicament White still finds Not 18 P x P . The text merely helps Black to mo bilise his Q side by enabling him to dispense with the usual P— QR3 on his 13th move.. P— K5 K t— K i 20 . 11. 21 Q— Kt4.

43 Q— answer R— K ti with Q x Rch. 36. for if B— R5 . Q x Q R— K ti 34. 32. P— K t6 . K — K t i . Q— K7. 45 B— B i. R— K t i . In addition the rook is attacked. . 37. Q xP PxB Forced. Q— B4 36. P x P 38. QKt3. . B x P Kt— K3 sue the vanished win and. B— K ti P— Kt6 K t— Kt2 P— B6 But this attempt to exploit his advantage is premature and loses the pawn at once. or 32 . Q— Q4 . 31 Q— Kt4. 33 R— K ti. P— K6 P— K t8=Q Kt— Kt2 (WHITE) MASON Position before White’s 27th move. Kt— K3 . KtxP A violent battle has ended in equality. 35 K — Kt2. P— Kt4 cutting off the bishop and threatening P— B8=Qch. QxRch. 36 R— Q K ti. 27. 34 B— K 3. 47 Q— . Q x B 29. makes a slip and probably only draws after 32 loses. R— R i (to 42 Q— R3. R— K i . Q— B3 . 46 K 3.). K t— B2 . to which White finds another neat answer. Black cannot save his bishop. Q— B7 PxP Q— Kt6 Pretty play. 41 R— K i. as so He finds after all that P x B often happens. 35. 35 B— B i. White cannot answer 30 B x Q because of P X B . R— Q i . 44 B— K 3. ( D ia g r a m 14) means of attack. . 32QXBP.” but White with stubborn obstinacy per 30.MASON— ZUKERTORT (BLACK) ZUKERTORT 39 — Kt4. K t— K3 . Kt Q— B3ch. Q— B5 P— B7 sists tediously in trying to pur 31.. Now Black recovers his bishop at least. Some thing like R— B i first is in dicated. 28 P— Kt3. He therefore tries another tack. . But White is out of the wood now and actually a pawn ahead.. P— R 8 = Q . 34. if he is not to remain a piece down. 40 P— KR4. Q— B5 .P— Q5 If R— K ti. 33. The game continued 39 Q x B P . 28. 29 B— Kti. 34 B— QBi . then 34 . By rights the analyst should be able to draw a line and write “ Drawn. Kt— B2 . . K— B2 . R— 33 P— Kt3.

40 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD KB6. 59 K— Kt2. Kt— B4 . B2 . KtxKtP Q -Q 3 Playing the king to the 3rd rank would allow mate in two. Q— Kt6 72. 60. 52 Q— Q4. . posi tional and material superiority must tell. 67 Q— Kt6. K— R2 57. Q— B4. 66. 70. 69.. 57 P— Kt3. 54 R— B2 . Q— Ktsch. Q X B . . Kt— Rsch. 58. K— R i Q— KB2 . Q— B2 . 66 K— Kt2. 69 K— B i (K x Kt. K— Kt2 K— R2 Q— R3ch.. R— K2ch. R— K2 . 49 Q— Q4. K— R2 . Now if K— Kt2. Q— Kt8 White is still fighting and now threatens mate. Q— Ktsch.Q i . winning. 68. Kt— Q7ch. 61. . 50 R— QBi. K— K ti K— B i Kt— B6ch. 51 Q— If K— R2. Q— B5ch. 65 K— Q3 . 71. 62. Kt— B6ch. R— B2ch. Best was P x Kt. 48 B— K t2 . K— Bi Resigns. K— R i If K— B i. K— Kt2 73. Kt— Kt2 . then Q— Q8ch.. winning. K— Kt2 Q— Ktsch. with the same posi tion as after the 65th move in the game. Q -B 6 . Q— R7ch. 55 Q -K B 3 . Q— Q8ch. K— Kt2 Kt— Rsch. 62. Q— Q3ch. P— R4 . 63. 59. 63 K— Kt2. And here is the slip 64. which breaks White’s mating threat. 70 K moves. R— B2 66. Q— K ti. Kt— Kt2. 67. After this. fatal. 53 Q— K5. Q— Kt3ch. though it is not necessarily 65. 56 Q— K2. 68. 58. Q— B i 61. Q x Pch. 64. Kt— B4 Q— K4 Q— QB5 Q— Kt7ch... and wins). Kt— B4 . R— QBi . R . Now White must lose a second pawn. and Black can hardly hope to win.

b 5 13.BURN— MACKENZIE 41 G.0— 0 0— 0 10. He has no objection to falling in with Black’s plan since his white squares can be protected by his bishop. 1889. Between 1870 and 1887 he only played in England. Mackenzie (1837-1891) was a Scotsman who in 1863 emigrated to New York and became an American citizen. 18. 19. P— B4 [Diagram 15] 21.P -Q R 4 K t— B5 In view of White’s decision to play on his Q side majority.P x P 8.P . 1898. H. and the Black knight’s retreat will allow White to enforce a weakened Black KP. 1889. A. 1886. but scored a continuous run of first prizes. GAME 11 b u r n . H js best results were 1st at Frankfort.B— Kt2 6.m a c k e n z ie 15. P— 04 P— k 3 3. P— B4 Kt— K2 11. BxBP So far White has had de cidedly the best of it and is now ready to resume his Q side operations. Afterwards competing abroad also he was strikingly successful. R— K2 K t— K t3 P— B4 In order to play P— B4. and 2nd at Breslau. Kt— K i Kt— K5 21. and Cologne.P . Black seeks to provoke a target for his own attack on the other wing. Q u e e n ’s P aw n G am e I. Bum (1848-1925) was one of the finest of all British masters.Q K t3 P— B4 Kt— B3 5. London. K t— B3 20. frequently played in European master tournaments. 17. 17. p . K t— KB3 P— 04 K t— KB3 2. Black must there- .P— k 3 4. B— Q3 19. R— K i B— K ti 12. though his quiet unobtrusive style caused him to be overshadowed in the public imagination. He was an exceptionally brilliant player and besides being American champion for many years. B— Q3 B— Q2 R -Q B i 9. B— K B i 16.Q K t 4 K t— K t3 14. P— Kts P— Kt3 P— KR3 K t— R2 4th match game. QKt— Q2 P x P B -Q 3 7. his best results being 1st prizes at Amsterdam. 1888. 1887 and 2nd at Bradford.

After 39 Q X Kt. P -K t5 33. 29 P x R . 40 K t x Q P . B P x B . 27. Kt— Kt2 30.. 37. K— R i 38. 26 B x K t .P x P Kt— Kt4 35. B— Bx KtxRch. Q— R 5.R 5 32.. 24 K — B i (K— R i. 42 Kt x B. 30 K t— Kt2. 40 R— Q6. and though some preparatory moves to strength en Black's game may be pre ferable first. with a tre mendous attack. K — K t2 . R— R3 P— Kt4 Q— B3 A possible line for Black is 27 • • • K t B 6 . 36. > R x P . In addition it is the easiest way of bringing the rook to the defence of the other wing if it is required. 1 B x Just in time. The game now becomes most exci ting. 39. and after K t— R6ch. Kt— B5 K txB To prevent Q— Kt4ch. Q— Kt2 Not Q— Q i .P— R6 RxKtP 34. Black cannot play Kt— B5. B— K i So that if 33 P—R6. B x Q . Q— Kt4ch. Q— Q2 39. 41 Kt x Qch. B— . K t— K5 27. B x P . 25. Q X R . 25 R— B3. then 34 RxP. (D i a g r a m 15) fore adopt fighting tactics if he is to have any counter-chances. P x B KtxKBP 23. Q x P (threatening Q— R8 Mate) ... B— B2 29. K x K t . 22. 26. B— Kt2 31. K— K ti 32. P .42 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (BLACK) MACKENZIE Kt. 28 Q— QB2. K t— K 3 K— R2 R —KKtx R— Kt2 P— KR4 P— R5 (WHITE) BURN Position before Black's 21st move. 28.B— Q3 36. threatening Kt xQ P. K t— B7 Mate). K t— K 7ch. in reply to his intended Kt— K5. Q x K t .. 24. Q x K t 25. Kt(2)— B3 If R— K3. R— R6 Even better was 36 Q— B i. K t x Q P K t— R6ch. P x P . the mere possi bility of such a variation in dicates the value of this move by White. Black gets a good game. 23.

K — Kt 2 . Q—05 44. R—B8ch. 47 B— R3ch. Kt x Kt Kt— B6ch.ch... Q— B5CI1. B x P is now prevented by the threat of R— KKt6. wins easily. BxQch. 52. . 43 Q— Q6ch. 48 K t— Q5ch. Q— K8ch. P— B6 K— Bi Q— Kt4 Defence is no longer to be con 45R xR 46. . B— K ti B— B3 51. A grand fight.. B— B3ch. White's reply is forced. P x R Q— K6 Black has taken a long chance and it has come off. or 47 K —B2. K — Kt2 47. K — B3 . (W HITE) BURN Position before White's 40th move. but not 47 P x Q. ... and counter-attack is his only chance.. Not 45 PxR. 50. 41 K t x B . R— K8ch. 41. giving up a piece to carry on the attack.. . K— B2 .). for if 49 Q— Kt2. 45 Q x R . 51. P—Bsch. Or else 46 .BURN— MACKENZIE 43 Q2. B— B5 Q— B8ch. The text move threatens Q— K6— K8ch. K— K2 . 45. winning. 46. P x R can now be played for if Q— K6 . 43 K t— B6ch.) . K t— B6 He has no time now to queen his pawn.. 42 R x R . 43.. . P x K t BxP Not K x R . 49. Q— B8 Mate).. Q x K t . KtxRch. B— R3ch Missing his chance. 42. R— K8ch.. R— K4 dis. 42 P x K t . Q x R . R— K 7ch. (B L A C K ) M ACK EN ZIE sidered. 49 Kt X Q. 44 QxRch. 49 K — B i.. K — B2 If K— B i . R — K 7ch . R x K t (PxKt. transposing back into the game. R x Q . K t x B Q— Kt8 Resigns. 43 Q— Q5ch. QxBch. K — B i.. 50 Kt X Q. 46 K — Kt2 (BxR. 48 K— Kt2. even if Black was lucky. RxKP Another fine move. 50 P— Kt8=Qch. 40. K — Q2 (K— Q i . 50 K— B2. ( D ia g r a m 16) 40. K— R i 48. 47 K — Kt3.. P— R6ch.. K — K 2 . 48 PxQch. 49 Q— B7ch. B x P . drawing. 44 Q— Q5. 42 K t— B6ch.. 47 K — K t 2 . 50 Q— K ti.. fol lowed by P— R6 Mate. 47 Q— Kt8ch.

1885. 9. B— K2. 12. .. was simpler and more logical. if less imaginative. 11. . After White’s reply he had nothing better than 1 1 . S. B— K2 . 14. . and though an immediate P— QKt3 would have been answered by 9 Q— B3. remains one of the greatest of all chessplayers. 3. B— K3 7. His tournament successes. a Hungarian. 5- P— K4 P— Q4 Kt— QB3 K txP B -Q 3 P— K3 P— Q4 PxP Kt— KB3 A premature attempt to create weaknesses in White's position. O—0 B— Q3 K t— Kt5 Frankfort tournament. and at London. he would have been better advised to try 8 . based on that of Steinitz. which included firsts at Hamburg. 15. His tournament record from 1884 to 1914 is studded with prizes and even to an advanced age he remained a dangerous competitor in International tournaments. 13. 1887. 5. . 2. . 14. O— O would be answered by 16 B x .44 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD I. 1888. P— QKt3. Kt— B3 10. for all his failure to win the world title from his compatriot Lasker. F rench D e fe n ce 1. . His style. B— Q3 Q K t-Q 2 KtxKt Kt— B3 B -Q 2 Threatening P— B5. Now he is in a position to attack Black on whichever side he castles. P— B3 P— QKt4 The best development of this bishop is on QKt2. 4. 6. for 15 . secured his recognition as a contender for Steinitz’s world title. Now the bishop is condemned to a de fensive role at best. B— K K ts P— KB3 B— Q2 Q— K2 P— KR3 Kt— R3 P— B4 More usual is Kt x Ktch. spent almost all his chessplaying life in England. GAME 12 TARRASCH-GUNSBERG 9 Kt— B3. Gunsberg (1845-1930).. B x K t 8. . while his crystallisation of Steinitz’s theories into precise dogmas made him one of the greatest of chess teachers and profoundly influenced the strategical appreciation of later players. Unsuccess ful in this. Tarrasch (1862-1934). he concentrated on chess journalism and practically retired from serious play.

B— B i . . the threat otherwise being 19 Q— Kt2.. 24 P— Kt3. Q— R8ch. If now 22 . P x B .. A long but convincing analysis. . R— K ti 18.. 24 Q— Rsch. 22 24.. K— K t i . P— B5 . R— Q8ch. R— QR4 26.. would still be fatal B x B . 20 R x P . 20 P— B5.through in the centre. Q4. P x R . 28 Kt— K i. the threat is P— K5. B x P P— K5 Q— K ti B— B4 The culmination of Black’s counter-play. winning. Q R x R . and it now be comes a race between White's 25. and mates. 21. B — K i . B x P . 0 —0 . Q— K 5. P— B5 B— B i R— Kt3 Q— QB2 KR— K ti K— R i R— Kt6 (WHITE) TARRASCH Position before White's 25th move. 29 Kt— K i. P x P PxP Q— B i. 20. for he cannot play the wing and Black’s to break 15 . K x R . Q— R5 27. 26 R— B2. . 15. (b l a c k ) g u n s b e r g 25 R x B . 26 R x P . R(8) x Ktch. . . Q— because of 24 P x P. (D ia g r a m 17) The attack becomes fierce and brilliant. Q x B 0— 0— 0 BxP BxB K — K ti So as to defend the QKtP with the bishop. 24 R— K i.TARRASCH— GUNSBERG 45 Kt. better was 27 . Q x B . Q— Q3 .. Less strong was 22 B— R6. but not 22 .. . 17 R— K ti. P— K B 4 . R— R6 Attack and counter-attack continue in delicate balance... R— Q2 . .. . 23 R— QB7. 28. rasch gives the answer as 16 P x R . R— K i 17. Black must castle into attempts to break through on trouble. 19. R— 08 ch. 22. . 23 Q— R5. . 21 B— B4. K t— B4. Nevertheless. 23 P x P .. 19 Q— 25 R— R4ch. 23 . Q— Q3. Q— B5 .. Q3 .. 16. all his pieces come to life and White cannot move the bishop because of 28 . R(i)— Kt4 KR— K i Beginning counter-action in the centre just in time .. and Black must give up his queen to prevent mate on his QKti. 18 R x P . Q— Kt3 . 22. 27 Q— Rsch. to which Tar. P— K4 23.

1883. Q x R BxB 31. 1890. Berlin. Blackbume (1841-1924) was the greatest of all British tournament players. 1862. 34* 35. 3. P— K 3 B— K2 P— QKt3 B— Kt2 QKt— Q2 P— k 3 Kt— KB3 P— B4 Kt— B3 R— B i Bradford tournament. 1873. 31 R x Pch. 36. 32 RxQch. 39. Q— K ti 38. 30. Q -Q 7 Q— Kt8ch. R x B The saving clause. 29 BxPch. There is no longer any de fence to the threat of P— B7. K x R . His brilliant. Q x R . 32. equal 1st prizes at Vienna. Kt— KB3 P— Q4 2. 1888. Weisbaden. P— B7 Kt— B4 Resigns. 1885. R— Q8ch. B -R 4 . Q— K8ch. 34 Q— Rsch. 31. H.46 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Now White threatens mate in two and if 28 . 7. The text gives up a piece but wins the game. London. ingenious style was unsuited to match play . 1881... and Manchester. would leave him very problematical drawing chances. K— R2 40. and 2nd prizes at London. and so dangerous that he was known as “ The Black Death. 33. Q— K8ch. P x R . There is nothing for White in 3 K t— K 5. 1872. 1886. 4. GAME 13 MACKENZIE—BLACKBURNE Irregular but playable. 6. Q— K4ch. Petersburg in 1914.. P— B6 R xR PxR Q— Kt2 Q— K ti Q— Kt2 The key to his 31st move. among his best tournament results were 1st prizes at London. P— Q4 B— Kt5 . Hereford. he won a brilliancy prize.” No great player ever had a career at once so successful and so long. J. and in his last. Nuremburg. Apparently turning the tide in his favour. . at St. B— Kt3 . 36. 1880. 28. 29. Q u e e n ’s P a w n G am e 1. Kt— K i R x Ktch. his first International tournament was London. Q xR Q x Pch. 5. Q— QB2 37. but White is not finished yet. 33 P— B3. 1876.

P— Kts P— B5 Kt— R4 P— B6ch. Kt— Bsch.. and White remains with a solid Q side pawn majority once the attack is broken. . 14. 23 P xKt . QxPch. Now he returns to his K side attack with the idea ultimately of posting a knight on his K5. Kt— Bsch. .. 26. 12. 19 Kt— Q2. . 33.. wins). 29 K— K ti (K— Ri. for though this will give him a strong passed pawn. 25. 33 R x Kt. K— B2 Q— B2 R— KB3 P— Kt3 This leads him into a very involved defence. P— Kt7ch. 21. may become dangerous. 28 K t x R . Simpler was 16 P— R3.. But though the attack. 18. 31. espe cially in Blackbume’s hands. 22. or Kt— B6ch. 30 K— Kti. . 8.. Any attempt by White to side track this variation fails. P— QR3 P— B5 P— Kt4 Kt— Q2 B— B5 P— KKt4 The point of his n th move. R— R i Kt— Q3 Black threatened 22 . 30. 20. for if in reply 18 K t x B then P x K t . 30 K— Kt2. 16. QR— Qi P— B6 B— QBi P— QR4 B— Q3 Kt— B2 R— B2 B— Kts Preventing P— R5 and so keeping the Q side blocked. Better was Q— K2. 13. Kt— B^ch. 24. 32 B— B2. P— KR3 But here he loses time.. threatening Kt xBch. Kt— K7ch. K— Kt2 KtxB Kt— K ti P— Kts R— K ti Q— Kt2 PxKt P— B4 Kt— Qi Black now wants to force White to play P— B6. 29 K— Ri. 17. Kt xB . Kt— R 6ch. 27. 31 Q x Pch. Q— R3 . 23. it creates a serious weakness on his K side. 30 K— Kti. 11. 17 Kt (3) — R2. 34. P— B3 KtxP Kt— R4 B— Q3 Kt— Kt6 Kt— KB3 P x Pch.MACKENZIE— BLACKBURNE 47 Now Black is playing the Pillsbury Attack with the colours reversed. O— O 9. PxP P— B4 R— K i PxP B -Q 3 0— 0 22. K t x Q P . P— Kt7ch. Kt— B i P— Kt3 Q— B3 The position is now most complicated and both players are going all out to win. 16. Q xB. Black is not content to force the draw by 27 . K x K t . R— B6). 32. it blocks the Q side to any activity by the pieces.. . 10. P x P . as for example 28 Q x P (PxP. 28. 15. 29. 19. Kt— K3 B— K ti P— KR4 An ingenious continuation. . B— R 4 ... Kt x P .

P— K t6. . wins). Q— Kt4 Mate. 45 Q x B. 46. 38 P x P . Q— Kt7ch. Q P x B R— KB2 Now the threat is Q— B4. P x Q dbl. . 37. the square KR3 would be even stronger for the queen. 44 Kt x Q. he has nothing better than 43 . 37 P x K t . R— B7ch. .. P— KR5 R— KKt2 Now White fights back against the dangerous passed pawns by threatening to force the rook off the Kt file. P— Kt6ch. holding everything. . . whereas after the more natural P— B7 he could hardly lose. 36. . ( D ia g r a m 18) The persistence with which Black keeps up his attack is as remarkable as it is brilliant. Q x B P .. 42 K— B2. 43. 39 K— B i. P— K t6ch.B i RxB Kt— B3 Kt— Ksch. B— B 6 . for now after 42 .. winning.48 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 35. . K . 44 K— K3. or 43 . 4445. 44 Q— Kt3 (P— B7. Q— R 3 .. 47. 40 P x R . winning. Q— B4ch. 40 P— B7. K tx Making a last determined effort to win. P— R6 B— Q3 B x Kt (WHITE) M ACKENZIE Position before Black's 39th move. 40. P— R4 41. . R— R5 P— Kt6 39.. . R— KKt2 . R x P . Q— Kt2 . B— B4 39. 46 K t x Q . 42 K— K ti. . 4 1K— K ti. R x P . 43 K x Q . 43 R x Kt. . and a better line was 39 .. 41 P— R4. 47 K x B .. Kt x Rch. P x R 41.. (b l a c k ) b l a c k b u r n e He has sacrificed the ex change one move too late. . K— B2 R xB Kt— Kt6ch. 41 Q x Q. . B x B P ch. K— K3 44.ch. Now if 46 P x R. 36. P x R = Q c h . R— K Kt2 . 49 Q— K t .. Kt— K5 BxKt Kt— B4 Virtually forced. Q— R6ch. 48 Q— K2. then K t— R5 . for example. Q— R2 Though this threatens 40 . for if 36 B— Kt2. 44 Q— Kt6. . . Rch... Q x P c h . Q x Q .. 43 R x K t . . 48 K— K3. R x B .Q— Q3 38. Kt— Kt6ch. Kt— Ksch. 45 Q— Kt6ch„ Q x Q . Q— Kt7 Mate.

53 Q— Q8ch. K txR Resigns.. His biggest success was in his last tournament when he tied for 1st prize at New York. Q— B7 Mate). R— B6 52. 49. . was one of the most noteworthy... Tie Match. P x R. 50 R— QBi. K t— B3 Kt— B3 B— Kt5 New York tournament. K— K ti 51. As it turns out. M. 51 K x P . 50 K — Kt4 (K— K3. K x P KtxQch. K— Kt2 58. P Kt6 . 51 P x K t . His aggressive un orthodoxy secured him many prizes. 1889. K t x Q . P— R7ch. Q x R 55.. then Q— B2ch. 56. 53 QxPch. GAME 14 WEISS— c h ig o r in t R u y L opez 1. Kt — B3. 50 R(i)— R4. I. . but the game is past saving now. K xP RxPch. the safer P— B 7 was a better line. Q x Q 57. M.. R— B4. He was a Hungarian. Q— KB2 threatens to break the whole attack by 52 R x K t . 52 K — Q2. 53 P— B7. 1st game. He unsuccess fully contested two matches with Steinitz for the world title. K— R i QxBP Q— B4ch. Black had no better reply than 51 . 51. Weiss (1857-1927). Q— K t3 . K— Kt2 50. 5354. 48.. wins. Q— Ksch. P— K t7. Q— KB7 Fighting to the bitter end. 54 P— B7. . 1889. Kt— B7ch. P— B8 = K tc h . K — R i . P— K4 P— K4 2 Kt— KB3 Kt— QB3 ^ B— R4 5. P x R = K t c h . or 48 Q— K2. during the few years in which he partici pated in master chess was a frequent prizewinner.P— B7 The passed pawn now comes in with devastating effect. K— R i 53. P x R . K— R2. The point of his previous move. Tchigorin (1850-1908) was the greatest Russian master of the second half of the nineteenth century.WEISS— TCHIGORIN 49 4ch. win ning. R— R4 Now White R— B7ch. 1889. 54 R x Kt. If in reply 49 K x R . . K— R2 . 49 R (Q )-K R i. of which his tie for 1st prize at New York. after which 52 R xK t.

with a good game. Px. indicating a determination to play for a win at all costs. . 13 P x P .. 0— 0—0 Kt— B5 B x Kt Kt— Q2 Q x Bch.. 25. he gains a pawn which is of little value and loses the K R file. PxP B— Qi Kt— K3 R xR R— R6 B— Kt4 K— B i Forced at last. B x P . 12. B x P . 16. 26 Q— Kt2. 15 R x P . Q— B8ch. and in what appears to be a solid position he pro duces a series of tactical threats in order to reinforce and in crease his advantage. K t x B 9. If 11.P— KR4. . 29 K x R. 31 B— R4. B x P . 19. R(Q)— K ti P— Kt4 Kt— Bi P— R4 P— R3 P— Kt5 BP x P PxP R xR To prevent P— Kt5. P— Q3 8. P— KR3 11. B x R . he finds next move that he has to revert to the Ruy Lopez after all. R x B Mate. P— B3 10. 20. Black has now managed to obtain the initiative. 24. 18. 16 B— R6. 32 P— Kt3. 14. 30.50 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Preferring to try for a trans position to the Four Knights Game rather than defend against the Ruy Lopez by P— QKt4 or P— Q3. 7 Q— K2. 28. 13. 11. P— KKt4 P— Q3 QxKt P— R3 If 19 K— Kti. 14 P— Kt6. Kt— K3 . 23. which would at present be answered by 25 BxB. K t x K t P . B— K3CI1. . Not so good now would be 13 P— Kt5. 8 Kt x P. 12 P— R4. . . threatening B— Kt 5: 13. 6. 19. 31. R— K K ti Kt— Qi B— K3 26 . 7. 28. PxP. For if K t x P . Kt — B3 . 22. 25 P x Kt. is only possible because he has reserved the option of castling on the Q side. R— R8ch. White’s position is now seen to be exceedingly precari ous . but White is now unable to derive any ad vantage from it.P Q -K 2 PxP Q -B 3 Preventing White from play ing Q— B i— R3 17. R— R ich . Kt— KR2 Threatening 24 . 29. 27. securing open files against Black’s king. Kt— Q5 B— K2 15. P— B3 B— Kt3 R— R i K— K ti K— Kt2 B— K3 R— R i Kt— B3 B— Q2 0 —0 This advance. P— R4 Kt— K3 P— KKt4 Not 28 P x P .. . . However. 21. . 30 K— R2. B x P . P— KKt4 .

. 35. K t x KP). K — K t2 . R x B . . B x P ch. K tx K P . 39 P x Kt. Kt x P . 37.P x Q Q xQ K — Kt2 . 4950. (D ia g r a m 19) The threat now was 37 . 42. 48. Q— B8ch. with a dangerous attack. 33. winning.. QxBP QxKtP Now White had a threat of Q— Q8ch. If now 35 P x P. 3 7 K t x Q . 43. 45.. B x P . P x P . 52. R x K t . 47. 44. 42 R— K2 (K— B i. Kt— K6ch.. 34.WEISS— TCHIGORIN 51 Threatening 32 . 38 R— B2. R— R2 PxP 40. 52. R xB A magnificent counter-attack which comes within an ace of winning. The text move is a fine attempt to force the win. 36 K— Kt3 (QxP. 44 R— Q2.Q 8ch. 43 Q . 40 K — K t3. 33 B P x K t . 53. 32.). Q xP K— B i QxP Q— B5ch. . Q x Pch. Kt— K6. since he must come out a pawn down. . R— R8ch. K t x K P . 51. White cannot quite force a win. 41. . 37 P xB.. R— Kt8 38. P— Kt5 37. If in reply 41 K x R then Q x Pch. Q— K Bsch. Q x Q . K x R K — Kt2 KxR K— K ti Q— B7 It is Black now who must fight for a draw. 41. Q x Ktch. B x K t c h . 41 Q x B . 43 Q— Qi. R x B . B x R . 46. Even with the queens off. 44 Q x P . QxKtP B— R3 K— R2 Q— Q6ch. QP x P [Diagram 19] 40.. Q -Q 2 Q— Kt6 39. Kt— B2 K— Q2 P— Kt4 Q— Q8ch. 35* 36. which would at present be answered by 33 K t— Bsch. Q— B8ch. K t x P . . R— B2 B— B3 B— Kt2 (W HITE) W EISS Position before Black's 40th move. K t— B4 R— Kt2 K— B2 K t— R3 R— R7 R— R8 P— Q4 (BLACK) TCHIGORIN Black is fighting all the time to establish an advantage. and wins. 3 8 Q P x P . followed by Q— R 8ch.

10. threatening B— Kt 5. 14P— Kt6. 30 K— R2. which would at present be answered by 25 BxB. 8 Kt x P. 11. 13 P x P . 28. PxP. B x R . R— R i 23. 20. R— K K ti Kt— Qi B -K 3 Not so good now would be 13 P— Kt5. B x P . 14. 13. K— K ti K— Kt2 B— K3 R— R i Kt— B3 B— Q2 0 —0 This advance. 11. 26. B x P . P— B3 21. 27.. securing open files against Black’s king. 9. Px. 31 B— R4. P— R4 Kt— K3 P— KKt4 Not 28 P x P. R x B Mate. Kt— Q5 B— K2 15. P— Q3 KtxB P— B3 P— KR3 P— KKt4 P— Q3 QxKt P— R3 If 19 K— K ti. but White is now unable to derive any ad vantage from it. 24. 30. 16 B— R6. he finds next move that he has to revert to the Ruy Lopez after all. Kt— KR2 Threatening 24 . 26 Q— Kt2. 13. 6. Kt— Q2 For if Kt x P . 31. 15 R x P . 29. However. Kt— K3 .. is only possible because he has reserved the option of castling on the Q side. Kt x KtP . If n . 25 P x Kt. indicating a determination to play for a win at all costs. 29 K x R. 8.. he gains a pawn which is of little value and loses the KR file.. . B x P .. 7. .P— KR4. 25. Kt — B3 . 12. O— O— O Kt— B5 B x Kt Q x Bch. 19. Black has now managed to obtain the initiative. 12 P— R4. 28.P Q -K 2 PxP Q -B 3 Preventing White from play ing Q— B i— R3 17. . 32 P— Kt3. P— KKt4 . B— K3ch. 19. 18. R— R ich .50 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Preferring to try for a trans position to the Four Knights Game rather than defend against the Ruy Lopez by P— QKt4 or P— Q3. . R(Q)— K ti P— Kt4 Kt— B i P— R4 P— R3 P— Kt5 BP x P PxP RxR To prevent P— Kt5. PxP B— Qi Kt— K3 RxR R— R6 B— Kt4 K— B i Forced at last. White’s position is now seen to be exceedingly precari ous . Q— B8ch.. R— R8ch.. 7 Q— K2. B— Kt3 22. B x P . with a good game. 16. and in what appears to be a solid position he pro duces a series of tactical threats in order to reinforce and in crease his advantage.

K t x P . QP x P [Diagram 19] 40.. Kt— K 6.WEISS— TCHIGORIN 51 (BLACK) TCHIGORIN Threatening 32 . 37 Kt xQ. 53. 32.. 33 BP x Kt. 37. . Kt x P . 44 Q x P . Q x BP QxKtP Now White had a threat of Q— Q8ch.. Kt x K P . with a dangerous attack. Q x KtP B— R3 K— R2 Q— Q6ch. If in reply 41 K x R then Q x P ch. 44. 51. 44 R— Q2.. 33. since he must come out a pawn down. R— R8ch. which would at present be answered by 33 Kt— Bsch. P x Q Q xQ K — Kt2 . B x R . winning. White cannot quite force a win. 4 3 Q . 49. 52. 46. Q x Ktch.Q 8ch. and wins.. P x P . Q x Pch. 43. 41 Q x B . 42 R— K2 (K— B i . Kt— K6ch. K t— B4 R— Kt2 K— B2 Kt— R3 R— R7 R— R8 P— Q4 Black is fighting all the time to establish an advantage. . R— R2 P xP 40. 48. Q xP K— B i Q xP Q— Bsch. R— Kt8 A magnificent counter-attack which comes within an ace of winning. 45. K t x KP). 39 P x Kt. 47. K t x K P . . B x K t c h . B x P . . Q— KBsch. Q— B8ch. P— K ts 37. Q— Q2 Q— Kt6 39. 42. 50. Q x Q .). 52. Kt— B2 K — Q2 P— Kt4 Q— Q8ch. 38 R— B2. K— K t 2 . R x K t . R x B . 35. R— B2 B— B3 B— Kt2 (W HITE) W EISS Position before Black's 40th move. 41.. 3 8 Q P x P . 36 K— Kt3 (QxP. R xB It is Black now who must fight for a draw. . Even with the queens off. followed by Q— R 8ch. 35* 36. The text move is a fine attempt to force the win. If now 35 P x P. Q— B8ch. . 34. 40 K — Kt3. 43 Q— Qi. K x R K— Kt2 K xR K— K ti Q— B7 38. R x B .. 41. 37 P xB. ( D ia g r a m 19) The threat now was 37 . B x Pch.

Pillsbury playing the variation of the Queen’s Gam bit Declined (4 B—-Kts) named after him. 14. 910. He sprang to fame by winning the Hastings tournament. B— R i . 1895. 11. 55. A rather surprising move since it gives Black more free dom.Q4 P— k 3 Kt— KB3 B— K2 QKt— Q2 0— 0 p — QKt3 P xP B— Kt2 P— b 4 The subsequent course of the game suggests that this is loss of time. 2. 13. B— Kt2 . 58 K— B4. 11. P -Q 4 P-QB4 Kt— QB3 B— Kt5 Kt— B3 R— Bi p. 17. B— Q4ch . H.q r 3 P— Kt4 R— K i Kt— B i Kt— K5 R xB With a view to doubling rooks.b 5 p. N. A great game up to the very last situation. R— K i Hastings tournament. 3456. BxKt Both players are on familiar ground. B— Kti Kt— K5 P— B4 Q— B3 Kt— K2 BxB p. 56. GAME 15 PILLSBURY-TARRASCH the advantage of which he was the first to propound as a theory. but in return he secures the free use of his KKt3 and . 59 K— B5. 1895. Pillsbury (1872-1907). White can only advance his pawn with the help of his king or his knight. 18.52 54. 15. and Tarrasch playing for a queen side pawn majority. P il l s b u r y A tt a c k I. His chess was marked by the will to win on all possible occasions. ahead of almost all the world’s masters. 78 . and the king is tied to the knight and the knight to the BP. an American. was one of the greatest players of his time and his premature death was a tragic loss. 16. 12.k 3 P xP B— Q3 0— 0 P-. BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD K— Q2 K —B3 Kt— Q4 K— K4 K— B3 P— B3 Drawn For after 57 P— Kt5.

Kt— B i . 35P— QKt3 P— K R 3 Kt— R2 P— Kt4 36. P— R3. 39. The drama begins to develop. winning. R— B4 Q -R 4 Kt— K t3 Q— Q3 R (Q )-K i B— Q4 Threatening P— Kt5. 34 K t x R P (threatening mate in two). K— K t i . 23.PILLSBURY- blocks any frontal attack on his weak KP. 32. 34. 31 QxPch.. Against Black’s threats on the Q side. or again 33. QR— K i at once was better. K t— B2 R— B i K t— K2 Q— B3 P— Kt5 Considering that he has only to win White’s QKtP to have an overwhelming game. 29. BxP Not yet Q X P because of 30 K t x P . 36 R— B4. and at the same time both driving White from his outpost and forestalling any attack by P— B5— B6. P x P Q— B3 P -Q R 4 P— R5 PxP R— R i Black loses a little time with this rook. White must bring back this knight to cover his QBi. with a winning game . win ning easily). Q— Kt3 PxB P— B3 Safe enough now that White’s K B is gone. 33 . and 37 R— R4. 34K t x P . which White only manages to delay for one move by threatening the KP. 20. P x K t . 35 R x P .. 36 R— B7. 24. 32 Kt— The correct line was to take the pawn with the rook. 27.. 33. 26. As he will soon have to defend his KP a third time. for example. The intention is to . P x K t . Kt— Kt4 [Diagram 20] 37. R— KKt2 A threat again at last. though it seems to have come almost too late. 18. 35 QxPch. 28. K t— Kt4 Q— R5 Kt— Q2 38. Kt— B i P— B6 Now it is Black’s turn again and he forces a dangerous passed pawn. 35 K t X R. B— B2 .. . 19. 33 P x B. K — K t i . since after the exchange the bishop could return to the defence whereas the rook cannot.. Kt— Kt4 21. P— K t5 R— R6 38. R(4)— B2 K— K ti And again not Q X P because of 31 Kt— B4. 25. yet there is such latent power in White’s attack that P— R3 would be safer. . But Black is still underestimating White’s chances. 31. R— B i K— R i Q— Q2 R— Qi 53 Kt6ch.. 28. P x K t (P— R3 . B x K t . 30. P— B5 22..

46 Q x R . 6 P x P e. 1896. Q— B4ch. K— R4 P— B7 5i. (D i a g r a m 20) 52. This famous game is unequalled for the breathless ness of its split-second timing. K— R i PxP 41 GAME 16 STEXNITZ— PILLSBURY Not K t x P . Qx P M a te play 40 P x P . 46. P etro ff D efen ce The only move against R— Kt8 Mate. 45 Q— Kt8ch. .R 4 48. P— Q4. Q— Kt4 PxR 49.54 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (b l a c k ) TARRASCH Now he must prevent 46 R— K K ti and 47 Q— R4 Mate. 3940..R xQ 50. (w h i t e ) P i l l s b u r y Position before Black's 38th move. P x P K txP . 43.p. 42.P— Q4 Steiriitz’s own method of treating the Petroff Defence. 41. Q— K i . 44RxR K xR Q— Kt3ch K x K t 1. P— K4 P— K4 2.Q— R4ch. P— K5 5. Q— K2 PxP K t— K 5 He cannot play K— B i . for if R— K i . introduced into master play for the first time in this game. 42 K t— Kt6ch.K Ri Q— Q4 In another game against the same opponent in the same tournament Steinitz tried 5 Q x P . 45. K txB The key to his plan. Q— Q6ch. KtxK tc h. Black’s piece on his QKt6 is to be vir tually out of the game. K t— R6 RxKt R— Kt2 St. R—KKti Q x B P 47. 41 Kt— K5.. Petersburg tournament. K— K2 . 34. 43 Kt— B7 Mate.Q xK t The last action of the hard won passed pawn is honourable hari-kari. Q . K t— KB3 K t— KB3 3. 41.

. 13 B x K t . Kt— B 3 .K t 5c h . with advantage. P x K t . 13 B— K2. Q xB A new discovery. 12 K x Kt. 7 B— Kt5. 15. . P— KR3. K t(7 )-K t5. previously not considered because of the answer KtxPch. 11. .STEINIT#—fclLLSBURY 55 K tx QP . Q x B . 9. Q — B4CI1. Trying to bring all his pieces to bear by B— Kt5.. 20 K x K t . Should White reply 15 P— R3. .. 11 Q x B . 21 K — B i. p . K txR Q— Kich. Q— B8ch. K t— QB3 11. B— Q3 White has been forced to sub mit to the escape of the knight. . 14 R— K i. B P x Q . . so he prepares a counter-attack. 13 K— B3. Q— K8ch. P xB = Q ch . . K t— K ts P— Q4 P— KB4 fore accept the offer of the ex change as his best chance. P x K t . threatening Q— K6 Mate. K tx K t ). Q— R3 After 11 Q— K i. Black has the better game. B— Ktsch. Steinitz avoids this line by his veiled attack on the Black rook. 11 K — K2. and again ultimately won. 17. K t— B3. 12 Q— Q2. or K x Kt. K — Qi 7. K — B i 16. B . B— K t4ch. . P x P e . .. Steinitz had previously condemned it as leading to a lost game. Kt(2)— B3 K t— Kts 18. K t— Q2 B— Q2 Kt— K4 0—0 K— Ri 10.. 16 R x R . 12 P x P . and the game becomes intensely exciting. Kt— B7ch. Kt— R6 dbl. Black must there Another attempt to extricate his knight by 17 .. P x P dis. 18Q— K B 3 ( B x Kt. R x P . B x R P Kt(8)— B7 B— Kt4ch. 8. The more obvious alternatives to the text move fail. 7 Q x K t . Underestimating White’s re sources and hoping to force the issue by his own attack. 12. .. R x B . 8. P— B5 Though this wins a piece by the threats of Q— B4 and P— KB3. 8 Q x B . 18. 6. Hoping to exchange his knight on his Q7. 15 P— B3. White cannot answer the text move with 17 K— K ti because of Kt— K ts .. 10. or 10 K t x K t . for example. 19. Q— K8ch. Q x B). 5. i 9 Q x Q ( K x Kt. 10 P x P.. P x P 14. Q— B3. B— K2 Kt x Pch. ch. 20 B— B5. K— K i 13. 20 K— K ti. Q— K6ch.. ch. Correct was 19 . Q— B3. Q x K 2ch. White being unable to play 6 P— B3 because of P x P . the cornered knight gets out. Q X B . The best reply was 18 . K t— K ts > and if 18 B x K t . K t x K t . K t x P c h .

be cause of 22 Kt— R4. 33. 29 P x R=Qch. K — K t i . 29 R— R5ch. K— R i R x Kt (not K — K t i .ch. ( D i a g r a m 21) 21. 26 32.. K — K tl Q— K7 Threatening Q— Q8ch. and wins. Black must therefore simplify in order to try and establish his material superiority. Kt— K 6. 36 R— Q8ch. 30 Q— R8ch. K x K t . K t x 31. K — K t i . 25 R— K K ti. Kt— K6 dis. K— K i . 34 R— Kt7ch. obtain ing at least material equality and a positional advantage. 23 K— R i. 29 Q— Q 2 . But the R7ch. position of the king on the edge . 23. R— B 3 ... . K— K 3 . If K— B2. Kt— Q8 Not quite sufficient is Kt— K6. 31 Q x R. 35 R— Kt8ch. R— K ti RxP R— Kt5 Kt— K6 KtxQP K t— B4 Kt— QR3 R— B3 (w h i t e ) s t e in it z Position before Black's 21st move. K— 28 Q— Kt6... . 31 R x Pch. threatening K t— R6ch. -B— B3 .. 21. Q— B7ch.. Kt(3)xP R— K i R— QBi at once would have saved a move. The text move threatens Q— B8 Mate. B— Q2 (b l a c k ) p il l s b u r y K — K2 . An The attack is held. 25. If KR — B i . 25 Kt— K6. Kt x K tP R— QBi Q— Q6.56 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 20. 27 Kt— B7ch. 30. P x Q Q xQ KtxKtP This allows White to bring his rook to the support of his passed pawn. K— B i . 33 P— B8 =Qch. 28. 32 Q— Q8ch. R— Rsch. The text move prepares a not very dangerous trap. 27. 26. defending the KKtP and threatening Kt — Kt6Mate. 22 . 28 Q— Q8ch. . B— Q3 BxB The battle continues un abated. 32 K t x R. K— K ti 31. R x Q . B x K t . as the following variation shows: error would be 31 B x P. 29. R x B . White is suddenly seen to have no small counter attack. 22.. Q x B 24. . Kt(8)— K6 .. 24 B x Kt. but if 24 . R— KKt5 Which White avoids. R— K8 Mate.. 30 R— KKts.... Kt (8)— K6 . 30 K t— Kts Mate) . K t— K6 B ..

42. P— Kt4ch. B— B3ch. 45. 41. K— R2 R— Kt7ch. R x P . there follows 61 R— R6ch. 456. 3. 36.. 39Kt x Rch. which has not been regarded with great favour. R x R . K— R2 Kt— Ktsch. Getting rid of the objection able pawn at last.. 58. 78. 47. 34. R x K t . 37 R— R5ch.. R— Kt6ch. P— Q4 P— £B 4 P— Q4 Kt— QB3 The Tchigorin Defence. R x Kt R xR Kt— K i B— Q4 Kt— Q8 R— R5CI1. 38. White. 59. 52. K— K ti R— K7 R— Qi Kt— K6 R— B i P— KR4 Kt— B6 B x Kt GAME 17 PILLSBURY—TCHIGORIN St. R x K t . however. R— Q6ch. For after 60. winning. R— QB6 K— Kt3 R— B5 K— R4 Resigns. B— R5 Kt— K2 R— B2 R— B4 White was threatening 36 B— B3ch. 39.. P— R4 R— R6ch. R— QR8 RxP R— R4 K— R2 R xB K— B2 KxKt K— B4 R— B7 R— Q7 0 —0 If Black is allowed to play P— K4 he will have a very good game. for if now 39 R x Kt. K— R2 . 48. . 35. The struggle. P— K4. 9Kt— KB3 P— K3 Kt— B3 Q -K t3 PxB B— Q2 P— B4 B— Kts P— k 3 B— Kts BxKt KKt— K2 There is no need for further complications. K— Kt3 . 57. R x Ktch. 46. K— B2 . T c h ig o r in D e f e n c e 1. 1896. is now over. and wins because of the threats of R— B8 Mate and R— B5.. 51. If 3 Kt— Q B3. 43. 50. has a line to recover the exchange with a won ending. one of exceptional ferocity. 49.R 5ch. K— R3 P— Kt3 R . 40. After the text move he has to have recourse to a most eccentric development if he is to get any counter play.PILLSBURY— TCHIGORIN 57 of the board allows White to develop sharp mating threats. K— B2 R— R7ch. 40 Kt x R. 38 Kt(2)x Pch.. 54. 60. 37. Petersburg tournament. K— K ti R— R8ch.. 2. 49. K— R3 Kt(2)xP K t x B P 55. 56. 53. 40 R— R7ch. 44..

13. P— Kts. P— QR3 . White dare not open the QKt file as well by 21 Q x P because of R— K t i . transposing into the actual game. Q B x K t 19. 22 Q— K2. 21. losing a piece either way. 18. 12. 16.. 22 Q— Q2. Black’s whole scheme of de velopment is strikingly irregu lar. nor 12 Kt x P. B x B c h . If Black replies R x P . 17Q xB K— K ti KR— K ti B— K4 Q— B5 B x Kt R— Kt3 P— QR4 Kt— Kt5 Kt(2)— 64 Q -R i Owing to the weakness of Black’s QP. 0 — O— O P x P 11. 14. P— Q R3 . Q— Kt3 PxB PxB R— QR3 The open QR file is good com pensation to Black for his pawn. P x P RP x P It is now a critical race be tween the two attacks. . 13 B x B. B x Kt 20. But at the cost of ex changing pieces White can now win a pawn.. Q x P(4) 21. 26. R— K ti 22.58 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 9. B— Q3 Not 12 B x KtP. K— B i (b l a c k ) TCHIGORIN In order to play K t— Q4. . 28 R— Kt8ch. Black threatens R— R6. 22.. R— K tl 10. fol lowed by Q x B with a wellposted queen and a considerable reduction in White’s attacking chances. 13 R x B . K — B i . 26. yet White has to treat it with the utmost respect.. 15. R(Q)— K ti P— K t3 24. R x RP. R— K ts (w h i t e ) p il l s b u r y Position before White's 27th move. White is able to develop a counter-attack along his own open file without loss of time. R— R 5 . but must first attend to his K side. Q— Q3 White has emerged with the initiative. (D i a g r a m 22) . then White breaks through with 27 R x Pch. B x K t . P— QB3 23. Equally 21 P— QR3 will allow Black to open the QKt file by 21 . The threat now is K t— B6ch. P— B5 P— Kts 25. B x P P— QKt4 12. .

and Q— B8ch. for if he tries to lose the rook to his own advantage by 31 R— Kt 6ch. R— R6ch. K— K3 K— B i He has nothing better. K— K 3. 31 R— Kt 7ch. 53 R— Q4. 31. R— QR8 . and mates. 50 K -Q 2 . R— QR8. R— R6 . 57 K -Q 2 . The game proceeded : 38 R— QB7. Black answers Q— R8 threatening both Q x Pch. 47 K— B5. P— B4 . Black will now recover the pawn with a drawn ending. R— QR7 . He has. 40 P xPch. R— B8ch. but in vain. . 29 Q— Kt8ch. . R xR 31. R— K K t7 . R— B6 . 44 R— B2. 33 K— B i.. 55 K — Q2» R— B i . R— B8 . 31 Q— R6ch„ K— Q2(K— B 4 .. 30. K x P . Black still has a mate by R— R8ch. R— R8 . 60 K— B3. 32 R x Pch. 39 R— B7. K— Q3 .PILLSBURY— TCHIGORIN 59 27. 56 K— Q3. 30 Q— R7ch. and mates). K— Q2 33. 51 K— Q3. 32.. 48 K— Q4 (not 48 K— Kt6.. R— B6). having lost a whole rook. 41 R— B7ch.. K— K2 . R— Kt8ch. R— R5ch. K— K4 . K— Q2 . 43 K— Q4. however. Drawn. 28. 52 K— K2. R— R8ch.. 45 P— Kt4. R— QKt8 . 29. . 58 K— K2. P— B 3 .. R— R 7ch. R— K7 . 59 K— Q3. Q— B2 . 61 K— Q3. 32 Q— Kt6 Mate). K— K i . Q2>Q—Q8 M ate. K x R . K— K3 . 33 34 35 36 . 46 R— B4. R— Kt7 RxP RxPch.. P— KB4 Black now seems to be in great trouble. 49 K — B3. R— B6 . this fighting reply which by its threat of R— R8 Mate ensures recovery of the piece. K— K2 RxR Q— R5 K 33 Q— K2. 62 K— B3. R x KtP RxP He dare not play P x R be cause of 28 Q x P . K— Q3 ... R— Kt7ch. 32 R— Kt7ch. R— R2 (R x P . 42 R— ¿2. 37 - KxQ RxKtP R— Kt7 K -Q 3 QxQch.. R— Kt6. 34 K— For some time White continues his efforts to win. R— K8 . 54 R— KB4. 30 R— Kt8ch. 29 Q— B6ch.

3o Q— R3(R x B . to which the best answer is 8 . GAME 18 CHAROUSEK— PILLSBURY Nuremburg tournament. Kt— B3 at once was preferable. .. Charousek is. his most striking achievement being the winning of the Berlin. however. K t— Kt3 15. 22.6o BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R. R x R . B— B4 .. . 7. 28 B— Kt4 is answered by R— K4 . 29 Q— Kt4. Q— R5 28. B— QB3 25. 19. 5- Had he omitted 12 . was a Czech by birth but Hungarian by adoption.K 2 KtxK P In order to bring the queen over to the K side. . . 30 Q x R) .. 23. Kt x Kt Kt— B3 QxKBP KtxKt Q— B4 P— K4 P— K4 P . QR— Qi 22.Q— R4 QR— K i B— Q3 R— K2 Kt— Q4 The usual line is 6 Kt— KB3. Q x Bch. K K t— Q4 16. K— R i 14. Charousek (1873-1899). Q x P (not R— Kt4 . In a very brief career before he was overtaken by tuberculosis he showed himself a player of the very first rank.. Leading to situations of criti cal intensity in which he hopes to out-manceuvre his unknown opponent. 12. 7 Q— K2. pin ning the knight. Q— Kt3 21. 26. 1897 tournament. Q x . leading to a new variation of his own on the 8th move. B x Kt 27. 17. . Q . 8. Q x P PxB BxP An indifferent method of de fending the bishop. Q— Kt3 24. . 31 Q x R . 6. Q— B4ch. 11. 9. 1896. B— B4. 10. B— K 3 20. 13 K— R i. B— Q2 BxKt K— R i Q— q 3 P— B 3 Q— B2 6. F a l k b e e r C o u n t e r -G a m b it 13. Kt— B3. B— QB4.K B 4 P -Ô 4 PxQP P— K5 P— Q3 Kt— KB3 PxP A variation rendered suspect later and replaced by 5 Kt— Q2. he could now play 16 . Kt— Q2 P— KKt4 B— Kt2 PxP Kt— B3 O— O Q xP P— KB4 B— K2 Q— R4 Kt— KB3 O— O Q— B4ch. Kt— K6 18.

but apparently Black’s move is still insufficient. 32 R— KR4. . B— Q3 .Q i . W. 34 Q— K4 and 35 R— Q7. 33 RxPch. R— Q7ch. winning. Q— K ti R— K i In this critical situation Tarrasch suggested that White won by 3 1 R— K4.. R x Q . K x R .. K— R3 .. for danger is imminent owing to the pin of his bishop. . though there axe no absolutely immediate threats. and the only lines which prevent White capturing the bishop are B— Q3 . R— Q8ch. 34 K— Kt2. .. P. 36 K— R3. P— KtA. . 31 Q -R 5 . 30 R— KR4. 33 RxR(7). B— K 4 . 28. R(B)— K i . White could now play 32 R x B . 30. 30 Q— R3. K x Q . Q— B i c h . After the text move.. 32 Q— R5 Mate. 31 QxRch. Position before White's 32nd move. 34 Q —K4ch. or R— K B i . Q— K sch. R— K6 . Q— B5 For. 29. 31 RxPch. Q— Q i . or 29 Q— R4. as G. .. To this White can no longer reply 32 B x B because the bishop would then be pinned on the rook. R— K t i . 39 B— K5. R(4)— B7 and R(4) — K4. 35 Q— R4ch. 32. B— B5 . so Charousek’s judgment appears to be upheld. R . R x K K t P ... W. 31. .. but in the latter variation J..CHAROUSEK— PILLSBURY 6l Rch. H. . R— Qi (BLACK) P IL LSB U R Y Not B x P . 33 R— KR4. K x R . 38 R— KKt4. R— Q4 R— K K ti B— K4 Sergeant gives a fuller analysis in his collection of Charousek’s games. White suggested 33 . His main analysis con tinues 33 . Baines pointed out. and there is no satisfactory answer to the four threats of B xPch. Q— Q3. B— K 4. to the pressure on the long dia gonal and to the possibility in some eventualities of mate on the first rank. 37 K— Kt3..). Black finds that his ingenuity may recoil upon him self. B— Kt6 . 32 R— Qi. 3 5 ^(4)— K4. R— QB4 (W HITE) CHAROUSEK Preventing the exchange of bishops and threatening if 30 . ( D ia g r a m 23) 30. holding every thing. 3i. 32 R— QB8ch.

K— R3 Q— Ksch. Not 34 R xB . 49 .ch. R— Kts Q— B6 47 .. 37. K— R2 Q -K 4 Q— B5 43 . 36.P— b 3 Q— K6ch. R— Q8ch. White’s attempts to get a rook onto the KR file with check are neatly foiled. R— £ 5 >- 3435. For if 51 K x P. R(3) . 53K— R 3.K— R2 48.. P— KR3 Q— K B i Q -K 2 P— KR4 The right idea just too late. though Charousek tries hard still to force the issue. . 35 R x KKtP. R— Q3 39.62 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Q— B i . 38. K— R4 Drawn. 4 i. BxQ R x KKtP Forestalling any chance of mate on his KKti. 33 34. R(2)— Kt3 Q— K7ch. 40 R(7) x KKtP.K K t 3 Q— Ksch. with a winning ending. Q— B5 . Q— K3ch. 32. R— K ti dis. RxR RxB Now the two rooks are in sufficient to win against the threat of perpetual check. Q— Ksch. 42.R(i)— Kt2 Q— K8ch. Q— R8ch. 46. Q— R2ch. 52 K— Kt4.P— KR4 Q xP 44 .K— K ti Q -K B 5 45 . B— Q5 The complications of defence with counter-attack on both sides constitute chess of the richest quality. RxR B -Q 3 37 . 40. 33. 50. BxBch.

GAME 19 STEINITZ— LASKER 5th match game. among the greatest being his first prizes at St. for then Kt— B3. 18 P x B . He achieved a wonderful succession of tournament and match victories.. Black de cides to play for a win. 16. Q— Kt3 .. 17 B x P. His philosophy of the struggle to succeed by any means was applied by him to the chessboard as to life. Q— B2 16. 2. BxKt Kt— QKt5 PxB After White’s last violent attacking move. P x Q . 13. R— K i . Kt— Q4 A variation which has long since become obsolete. P x K t .STEINITZ— LASKER 63 Dr. 6. 13 Kt— K4. 78. while if Kt x B . Q— Q4 . winning a pawn. 16 Kt— B6ch. 15 B xB. 1914.. B— K ti The natural continuation after his n th move. 17. Q— B6ch. which also has obvious weaknesses. 14 Kt x Bch. B xP PxP Kt— B3 0— 0 B -Q 3 PxP P— B4 Q— R4 QxBP Kt— B3 Kt— QR4 11 B— K2 but White along the 13- R— Qi Kt— Q4 P— B4 Not P— KKt4 at once. P il l s b u r y A t t a c k 1. 910. B— B3 P— KKt4 K t x K t The threat was winning a piece.P— QR3 15. Moscow. If B x B . 11. . 1924. Q x P . and at New York. looks more natural plans an attack diagonal. Petersburg. 14 Qx Q. Q— Ktsch. he sought even at the cost of some temporary disadvantage to create a position where his skill could be given full play. ii12. Em. 14 . 3. 13 Kt— K4. 20 K— Ri. Yet he had no definable style. although it shuts in the QR. There is a clear draw by B x K t . 4. P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 B— Kts P— K3 Q— Kt3 P— Q4 p— k 3 Kt— KB3 B— K2 O— O Black cannot avoid the doub ling of the pawns. 6. 19 P x P . Lasker (1868-1941) was world champion from 1894 to 1921 and through the whole of his playing career no master was ever more dangerous or more difficult to defeat. 1896. 5.

(B— Q3. K— K2 Black misses the best move which is P— Kt3. 31 Kt— Q6. If then P x K t . R— R 3 . 32 B— K t3. suggested by some. 31 Kt— Kt7 dis. 29 Q x B and mates). 25.. BxR If 27 .) . B x K t . 30 R— Q7.. P— B4 (BLACK) LASKER (WHITE) STEINITZ Position before White's 27th move.B — R3CI1. . P x K t 19 Q x Pch. 28 B— R4CI1. 27. 33 Q x P. 29 Kt x KP. 30 Q— K7ch. 30 Q— Q3. . with a winning attack. B— K4 PxP K— B i For all the constricting ap pearance of his 13th move.. R x Pch. R x P . K t x KP K— B3 Threatening R— R i winning the queen.). ch. 30 Q— B6ch. . with a pawn up and the better position. 20. 32 P— Q B4. 20.64 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 18. . 33 Kt x R Mate) . . 2x. K— B3 . (D ia g r a m 24) And now White in turn misses the best move which was 29 Kt x BP. R— QB i . R— B i . K R — Qi K— B i B x Pch. 29 Q— Q4ch. K— K t3 (K— K4. 27. 28 K t x Pch. K— R3 . B— B2 24.. B— Kt2).. Q— K ti (B x R . 29 R— Q8ch. 28. Q— K4 R— R i B— K4 Q— KR4 is answered by 25 Q— Kt2. K— B i . 23. Q x R . (not Q x R . 28 Q— B6.. K tx Pch. 26. 31 R— Q7ch. 31 Kt— Kt7. R— Kt 1 . QR— K ti Q— K K t4 Now Black prepares to turn the opening of the K side to his own ends. The best reply is 29 . 29. Seizing the opportunity to reassume the initiative with a fine sacrificial attack. . 32 Q— B6 Mate. P— K 4 . 28 Q— Kt4ch„ K— K t 2 . . 30 R— Kt7 Mate. QxBch. 31 Q— R6.. If then 27 K t — B6ch. Or if 29 .. Q— K t i . R— Q B i . K — K ti ( B x K t . 30 R(i)— Q7. 32 Q— K4.. . his QR is free for action before Black’s even now. does not seem to lead to such power ful continuations. . . K— B i (K— K i . B— Kt6 R— Bx 22. K— B2 . If 2 7 . QR— K i . Q— K ti . 29 Q x B leads to the actual game) . B Kt2 .

Q— Kt6ch. but his pieces are not well posted for ..P x B Preferring to have the K file open before taking the checks. White’s attack would die away after 30 Kt— B5. A fair ending to a game which both players tried to win. 33 Q— K6 Mate.. B x Kt. K -K 4 . 1899.b3 Kt— R3 Kt— B4 P -Q K t 4 With a view to breaking the grip of the White pawns. 5 6 7 8 9 10 h If K— Q2 White draws by 38 Q— K6ch. His next move is the necessary corollary. R u y L opez To free his queen from the need to guard his KRi. K— K2 R— Kich. K— K ti Q— Kt6ch. 41 R— Bich.. 3 i. K— B i A most unusual move. GAME 20 LASKER-BLACKBURNE 30. 32 Q— B7ch. . Q xP BxKt P— K4 Kt— KB3 B -K t5 P—04 P -Q 5 P— K4 Kt— GES P -Q 3 B— Q2 35. Kt— Q4 38. Q— K4 Q— Bsch.B—03 34.LASKER— BLACKBURNE 65 29. K— B2 . otherwise Black frees his game with P— KB4. B -Q 3 Kt— B3 Kt— K2 P— B4 Kt— Kt3 B— B2 Kt— K ti B— K2 Kt— KB3 p. or after 30 Kt— B7. Q— K ti Not K x K t . 35QxQP 36. Now he has lost his material equality but again has sufficient positional compensation to se cure the draw. K B3 .. K— K ti . which relieves the tension in the centre but gives him a certain space advantage. a plan which Black immediately counters. 31 Q-Q5ch.. K— B2 . Q— B5ch. 40 R — Ktich. 39 R — B ich.B x P 32. 33 . 39. and which was all the keener for the failure always to find absolutely the best continuations. 31 Kt— Q3. 30 B— Kt3ch. 37. 36. 32. K— K4 . Q— B 5ch. He therefore plays for material compensa tion for his sacrifice. B— K4 R -Q i B— K4 London tournament.. K— B i Drawn. 30.

BxP BxP B— K K t3 R— K i K t— B i R— K ti R— K K ti B x RP B— K 3 Kt— Kt5 B— Kt4 (WHITE) LASKER Position before Black's 31st move. 26. and a Q side majority against him Black must try at all costs to get some sort of attack going. 31 K x R . 28.P— B3 Q— Kt4 Forced by the threat of Q— R4. 21. 23. Kt— B3 30. Had White appreciated the full force of the attack which Black has conjured out of a lost position he would have played P— B4. The brilliant culmination of a fighting recovery. 27.66 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD supporting the manœuvre and it recoils upon him.). (b l a c k ) BLACKBURNE Black was threatening P— R5 winning the KP. 16. 13*415. P— Kt4 QPxP PxP P -Q R 4 O— O Kt— Kt2 BxP BxKtP B -Q 2 P— K t3 28. 24. 12. 29. ( D i a g r a m 25) 31. 20. The Black attack is now beginning to show in its true colours. R— R8ch. ai. B— B7. K t x Pch. K t x B BxB If R— K2 (against Kt— B7 ch. 35 K — . 17. Black plays Q— R5. . Kt— Q5 R— K R i B— KB5 With a weak QP.. 34 R x B (against Q— R5ch. P— R3 B— K3 P— K ts R— B i K t— Q2 P— KR4 P— R4 R— QBi K t— B4 If 30 B x B . though he also has 30 . and Blackbume decides to sacrifice a pawn to hinder White’s attack and further his own. though even then B— R5 gave Black a powerful offensive. K x R 33. 3°31. R— R8ch. P— R5 22. 18.. Now White threatens to open up new lines of attack by P— B4. . 32. Kt x Rch. 25. 19.). Kt— K2 P— Kt4 Desperate situations call for desperate remedies. .

after his hopeless position of eight moves earlier.. 50 Kt— Kt4ch. P x B Kt— Bjch. but was heavily defeated. R— Q2 R— B8ch.K— K ti 35. Janowski (1868-1927). 0 —0 5 . 45. Resigns. Q P x B . 51 R(R) — Kt8ch. but it is White’s turn now to fight back.P— Q4 6. Q— Q5 Threatening mate on the move. 3.). K— K2 R(i)— R8 33 34. 46. P— K4 P— K4 Kt— KB3 Kt— QB3 B— Kts Kt— B3 An unusual move to which the best reply is P— K5. GAME 21 JANOWSKI—BURN 4. 48 Kt— Kt4ch. 50 P— Kt3ch. Eventually he achieved a match with Lasker for the world title. KtxQ BxKt(B) Q— Q7 The game appears to be abso lutely won. or 6 P x P . R u y L opez 1. 1900. 49 R(R)— Kt8ch. 40 4i 42 37 38 39 43 44 KRxKt Q R -B i Kt— Kt6 Kt— B4 Kt— K3 K— B2 R— B7 R— K R i QxB QxBP R— Qi Kt— Kt2 Q -B 5 Q xP Kt— B4 Making a last brave effort. 46. B— R4 KtxP Kt— Q3 Paris tournament. If in reply 46 . The normal variations are either 6 B x K t . . Lasker’s only loss in the tournament. 44.JANOWSKI— BURN 67 Kti. K— B 3 . Kt— B4. 7 P X P . K— Kt4 . a Pole by birth but French by adop tion.Kt— B5 36. and one which earned Blackbume the bril liancy prize. was with Marshall regarded as the rising star of the beginning of the twentieth century.. K— B4 (K— K t4 . 49 Kt— K3ch„ K— B3 (K— B5.).. 2. A great game.. 8 QxQch. . . White even now escapes with a draw by 47 R(B)— K8ch. with an advan tage even more marked than that obtained in the actual game. Q x P . a wonderful achievement D. Kt x Q ..

K t x K t P 26. 28. P— B3 24. (w h i t e ) jan ow ski Position before Black's 28th move. 14. Kt x K t . Q— B2 R— B4 And now not 24 K t x K t P . 25 P— K R 3. B— Kt3 K t— R4 10.B 3 PxP 19. 8. Kt— QB3 Again temporarily fixing Black’s KKt. B— Q2 20. 27. 15 Q— Q3. R— K i With a few rapid strokes Black completes has develop ment but comes out with yet another indefensible QKtP. . 9 Kt— 65. P x P B— K2 P— QKt4 Assuming the initiative. R— KR4 . 23. pinning the knight on the weak QBP. Q— K2 18. 15. 0 . B x B 21. Black pre fers to return one pawn. P— R5 (BLACK) B— K3 BURN Threatening B— R3. 9. 6. Kt(3)— B5 . i 3 Kt— R4. 12. . 26 P x B . 27 Kt x B would not be good because the Black knight would settle on his K6. If Black replies P x P then 8 Kt x P. B— B2 B— Kt2 11.. 16. P— QR3 . The move chosen by Black loses the QKtP and 12. B x B P . B-^K2 .68 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD K t x B . Q x P .. 14 K t x Kt. wins. If 12 . Kt— K5 0 —0 12. was more solid.. 13. Kt— Q3 Q— R5 PxB P— Q3 P— B5 A bold line by which he hopes to take advantage of the poor position of the Black knights. P . 17. 24. with a winning attack. 7. P— QKt3 K txKtP Q -Q 3 QxKt Kt(4)— B5 Kt— Kt3 KtxK t P— KB4 P— QR4 B— Q4 B— Kt5 Threatening P— R5 winning a piece. P— Kts . 25. (D i a g r a m 26) .. The threat of P— B6 prevents White from taking the QKtP. io B— B4. P— QR4 Q— R3 R— KR4 R— K B i An elaborate but ultimately effective freeing manoeuvre. P— Q3 . Q— Q2 22.0 . 8 P— K6. P— KR3 27. 7. 7 P— QR4.

for example. 45 R — Q7» Q— Kt4ch. He now threatens 35 Kt— K7ch„ K— R i . 44 R(B)— Kt7ch„ K— B i . 40 RxPch.. 30. R(R)— K2 K— R2 R— K7ch. . 46 K— B i. 44" 45.B— B4 Playing for a win. 36. 39.. 41. He could force a draw by 39 B x P . 31. Q— B3 Better than K — Kt2 or R2 . 36 B x P (threatening Kt— Kt6ch. If now 29 P x B . R— KR2 R— K6 K— R i P— KR4 R— B4 The queen cannot be saved.). R— K5 P— K t3 37. 36 Kt — Kt6ch. Q— Kt4ch. 48 R(Q)— Kt7ch. K t x Q P Q— Qi 38. 29. 37 K— R i .K— B2 Not K— R i . P x K t 30. so he plays to get three pieces for it. 38 R— KR2. (D i a g r a m 27) . 47 K— B2. Kt— B6 R— KKt4 RxQch. R x P .. P x (W HITE) JA N O W SK I Position before White s 46th move. Q x Pch. Kt— K7ch. but any attempt to continue this varia tion for a win leads nowhere. 43 R(K) x R . K— K t i . 31.JANOWSKI— BURN 69 28. P x K t . 50 R (KR)— Kt7. K — K t i . K— B i .. Any less vigorous line to save the knight would allow White’s QRP to become a menace. R— R2 33.. BxRP Getting in the first blow in a very critical position and threatening R— Kt4. 34P— Q4 35. 40. 32. K — R i . Q— K i. K— K t i . 49 R— R7.. R— K7ch. B— Q3 PxP Too late to defend his KKt2. K— K t i . R x R 34. K— K ti 39. R— B2 . Q x K t . R— R i . Black now threatens to break the attack byRxKt. BxP Q xB B . 42 R— KKt2. 41 R— R6ch. 43. 42 R(6)— R7. K — R3 R— K8 Q— R5 R— KKt2 P— QKt4 (BLACK ) BU R N Black’s attack is over and now it is White'who has the initia tive again. 37 R— R 2ch. and wins. 38 B— B4CI1. 42..

GAME 22 m a r sh a ll . R— Kt8ch. K— B i 52. 1904. 52 R— K 7ch. K — R2 (K— Kt2 . R— Kt8ch... or K— K2 . 47. 51 K t— B7CI1. Marshall (1877-1944) was the brilliant young American master who burst upon the chess world early in the twentieth century with great tournament victories such as those at Cam bridge Springs. K x R . K— B2 Drawn. K — Kt2 R— Kt8ch. Black cannot reply 47 . 49 K -R 2 . K t— KB3 K t— QB3 3. 52 R(6)— Kt7ch„ K— B3 . 50 R— Kt2. R(2) x P K— B2 PxB Black dare not try 48 .) . 50 R x P Mate. 51. P— Q4 P xP .. After the text move White must take the draw. R(8)— Kt7ch.70 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Apparently succeeding at last in breaking up White’s game with advantage. 53 R - F. 1906. K — B4 . 49 B— Kt8ch. R(8)— Kt7ch.. 46. G. 52 Kt— K6ch). A certain unsound ness was compensated by exceptional ingenuity and this earned him a reputation as the originator of the famous Marshall " swindles. For now 49 R(6)— Kt7ch.. K— Q2(K— B2. fails because the king can take the knight.. ch. 49 KtxRch.. 52 K t— Q5ch. . Q— K8ch. A tremendous game. because of 48 Kt— K7 dbl. being heavily defeated both by Lasker and by Capablanca. . and Nuremburg. J. 52 R(8)— Kt7 Mate.. Q x Q P .. or K— Q i . Q B 7ch. 49.. or K — B i .m arco t S co tch G a m b it p __ p ________ Monte Carlo tournament. Q8ch. 1904. K . 47.” In matches he was not successful. R— R8ch. Marco was a prominent Austrian master. but White finds a brilliant continuation to the attack... K— R3 .. 48. K— K i 50..Q 3 . The point. 49. 54 R— B7 Mate. 2. 49 KtxPch. . K — B2 If R— B i . 51 R(2)— K t7ch. K— K 3 . 53 R x R.

B— K3 R(2)— K2 6. . B— K3 . Qx B. 17 B x R . 22 . 17 B— R6.. B— QB4 P— B3 B— B4 P— Q6 change. K t x K t 13. 25 RxPch. .. 10. B— K3 . or 7 . . B— Kt3 .. 20 R x K t (bad would be R x B . 10. 14 Q x Kt. 21 B— Kt5. 5. P— Q3 . 7. 10 B— K3. 16 Q x P. 11. 8 Q— Kt3. B— Kt3 . winning the ex- A most interesting situation. B x K t . Q— Q 2 . Marshall probably wanted to retain the option of playing B— R3 and P— K5. 20 R x K t . . 9 Kt— Q5. Kt— Q 6. 8 B x B . B— K3 . 20 RxPch. K— R i re 8. 7. Kt x B . 14. 23 Q— B6. 22 R— K2. K t x B . Q x R . Q— K2 . Compare Game 15. Marshall must there fore counter-attack at all costs. to hinder Black’s castling came into consideration. 21 R x P . Hull. 16. 17- Q— K2 P— KB4 Kt— Q6 [Diagram 28] P— B5 Better was 10 B— KKt5. Threatening P— KB4 covering the piece. Kt— B3 P— QKt4 B— Kt3 P— QR4 P— QR3 R— K i The rapid doubling of the rooks has the surprise effect of recovering the piece. Staunton— Jaenisch. . 9 Q— Kt3. PxP . 7 O— O. 19 RxBch. . R— K K t i . 18. 17. Q— B i . B— B 7. 13. B— K3. . The inferiority of his 10th move is now clear. Q— K2. a match game. 6 Kt xP. . After the text move White cannot easily de velop the QKt. P x B .. was a consultation game SaintAmant and Horwitz— Staunton and Harrwitz. 16 R(2)— K2. P x P . . 9. 16. P— K5 is prevented and if 13 Q— K2. for he threatens P— KB4— B5 as well as 18 P— KB4. For example. 24 P x B . 8 B— KKts. KtxP Better was P x P . 15. R— R2 12. B— K3 . 0 —0 Q xP P—03 P— QKt4.Q— Kt 3 Kt— Kt5 Kt(5)— K4 KtxKt 19. Kt— B3 . QxKtP KtxB R— B i P x P had been known for more than half a century to give White a dangerous attack. then 13 . 8. . K t x R . 1847. with a fearful grip on Black’s game as for example after 21 . . 5 . . P x R . 1851. P— K5 It is not sufficient to get a rook for two bishops by 15 B— R6. 19 . and mates. 10 P x B . nor can Black try 19 ..MARSHALL— MARCO 71 4.. . P x R .

21 B— Kts.. R— B4 Kt— K4 19. PxP 4i. R x R PxR [Diagram 29] 25.P— B6 24. Q— Q2 . R— K2 R— Qi R— Q6 K— B2 B— K6 Now White has landed him self in serious trouble and has no prospect of stopping the QKtP after R x Pch. 22 B x R . . R x Pch. . 33. R x P 28. . He can however play 19 . K— — O . 29. 21 P x B . 31. 34. K t x R . 2 3 P x B . K— B i 44R xB 23. R— B8 Mate). 37. he actually gets.72 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (BLACK) MARCO Preventing R— Q2 by White..R— R4 20. P x P . Q i .. B— B6 39. (D i a g r a m 28) The only move if he is to play for a win. K — Qi 21. 30. 41 with a slightly better game than R x P . 39 R— B7CI1. R x B . 25. forces the rook back to the first rank.Kt— Q3 P -Q R 4 40. threatening R— R8 Mate. 40 R— Q7ch. 20 R x Kt. P— Kt3 The pawn cannot be defended and if R x P at once. K — B i . The text move is not quite sound but the fact that it succeeds shows how effectively Marshall has brought the game into a state of crisis. P— B4 P— B5 Kt— B4 Kt— K5 R— QB8 R— QR8 B— B8 R xP B— Kt7 P x Q. P x B PxP 42. B x Q R— B4 KtxPch. R— B2 R— B2ch. 2526.Kt— B4 22. and now O— O If R x P .. B— R6 Q xQ P— Kt6 43. R— B3 R— B i R— B3 Kt— R3 B— R3 K — K2 R— Q8 R— Q6 R— Q8 (w h i t e ) M a r s h a l l Position before White's 19th move. but it costs him his QRP. O— 0 —0 . but Marshall has other ideas and the complex developments which he conjures out of this simple position are an object lesson in fighting chess. 38. R— Q i . K— Kt2 27. 34. 32.. 35.. He is now content to draw. B x K t 45. 36. with any effect.

B x P . 52. 51 Kt— Bsch. K— Kt5 . K x K t . K— R3 . and the QKtP goes home. 50 Kt xBch. however. B— Q3 . .. K — Kt4 . 50 R— K8ch.. R— R8ch.. by 48. K t— B5 R— R7CI1. 52 P— Kt8=Qch. 60 K t— K i (Kt— B i. R— K8 K — R2 P— B3 (w h i t e ) m a r s h a l l Position before Black's 45th move. K x K t . 51 K— K 4. 55. 58. B x Q R— Kt2ch. 59 P— Kt4. P— B5 K— B3 If 58 K t x P . 56. K— Q4 . 50. There was. 57. draws. 59 .. 49. P— B4. 4 9 K t x R . The text move which looks secure enough gives Marshall just the chance for which he has been strug gling. 51 R— R8ch.. K R4. a win in the above variation. Q x R K t— R4ch. K— Q4 .MARSHALL— MARCO (b l a c k ) m a r c o 73 48. had he seen it. 59 Kt— Q3. K— R3 49. 51 Kt— K ti. R— K7 P— Kt7 A fine move. 47 R— Kt7ch. and the Black king crosses in time to stop the pawns.. And now the end game starts all over again with White a pawn to the good. ( D ia g r a m 29) By covering White’s queen ing square Black seems to have assured the successful queening of his own pawn. 53 Q x Q . K— B5 . 49 KtxRch. If 57 P— Kt4.” 51. P— B5 . K — K 3 . P x P . 62 K— K4. P x Pch. 5354. K — R2.. B— B5). K— K ti 47. 48 K t— Bsch. 52 K x B . .). K— K t i .. P— Kt7 . K — Kt4 Kt x Q P— B4 K— Kt2 45. 57. 52 P— R4. and a drawing line no longer suits him. 61 K— B3. 46. For example. drawing. 60 P— R4. P— K t 8 = Q . K— K t3 R xR P— Kt8=Q P— Kt8=Qch. 58 P— Kt5. 46 RxPch. 50 K— B3. K— R2 . K — K t3 ... winning. K— K t3 . . but White has worked out one of the brilliant combinations which became known as " Marshall’s swindles.. 5° P— R4» K — R3 .. . K x K t . P— B 6 . but a great deal of equality still in the posi tion. B— K4 Black sees that the QKtP is now brilliantly stopped after 45 . . . 61 K— Kt4. K x R . If in reply 49 . B— Q5 (B— R i .

BATTLES-ROYAL OF 74 B— K 2 ; 63 P— Kt5, K— B2 ; 64 K— B5, K— Kt2 ; 65 P— R 5, B x P .

THE CHESSBOARD

58.

P— B6

59. Kt— Q3 60. K t— K i

K— B5

Not 60 K t— B i, B— Q3 ; with the threat of B— R6. 60. K— Q4 Now if 60 . . K — Kt6 ; 61 P— R4, P— B7 ; 62 K t x P , K x K t ; 63 P— Kt4, and the Black king is too far away. For example, 63..., K— Q6; 64 P— Kt5, K— Q5 ; 65 K — K t4, K— K4 ; 66 K— R5, K— K 3 ; 67 K— Kt6, B— K 4 ; 68 K — R7, K — B2 ; 69 P— Kt6ch., K— B i ; 70 P— R5, B— B3 ; 71 P— R6, B— K 4 ; 72 P— Kt7ch. 61. P— R4 B— Q3 62. P— Kt4 B— K2 63. P— Kt5 K— K4 64. K— Kt4 B— B i 65. K t— B2 K— K5 Even at this stage White, who has fought so hard to create a win, has not succeeded. Black draws by 65 . . ., K — K3 ; 66

P— R5, K— B2 ; 67 K— B5, K — K t i ; 68 P— R6, K— R2 ; 69 K — B6, B— Q3 ; 70 P— K t 6ch„ K x P ; 71 P— Kt7, B— K4ch. But even a master, given sufficient opportunities for going wrong, will frequently do so sooner or later. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. P— R5 Kt— R i P— R6 K— R5 K t— B2 K t— Q4ch. K— Q6 K— K5 K— K4 K— B4 B— Q3

An elegant knight manœuvre, allowing the Black Pawn for ward one square in order to free his own pawns from the atten tion of the Black king. 71. K — K5 72. Kt— K2 P— B7 73. P— Kt6 B— R6 74. P— Kt7 K—06 75. P— Kt8=Q Decisively creating the fifth queen to have appeared on the board in this superb game.

75.

76.

Q— R2

KxKt Resigns.

LASKER— NAPIER

75

W. E. Napier (b. 1881) was taken from England to America as a child and in 1908 assumed American nationality. He was known as a child prodigy and won the championship of the Brooklyn chess club at the age of fifteen. In 1904 he won the British cham pionship, but in the following year retired absolutely from the game.

GAME 23

LASKER—NAPIER

by this move he would secure the advantage. Correct was B— K t5. 13. K P x P

**Cambridge Springs tournament, 1904.
**

S ic i l i a n D e f e n c e

(BLACK)

N A PIER

1. 2. 3. 45. 6. 7. 8.

P— K4 Kt— QB3 Kt— B3 P — Q4 K txP B— K 3 P— KR3 P— KKt4

**P— QB4 Kt— QB3 P— K K t3
**

P xP

B— Kt2 P— Q3 K t— B3

An advance justified not by the position but by Lasker’s own ability. Black’s attempt to disprove the move leads to a game of enthralling com plexity. 9. 10. 11. 12.

**Position before Black's 13th move.
**

( D i a g r a m 30)

8.

P— Kt5 P— KR4 P— B4 Kt(4)— K2

0 —0

Kt— K i K t— B2 P— K4 P— Q4

1314.

Kt x Kt

K t— Q5

Overestimating his position, though the ensuing course of the game shows that Black had sound reasons for believing that

**If B x K t , P x B ; 15 K t x P , K t x P ; 16 Q— Q2, R— K i c h . ; 17 B— K2, and Black can re cover his pawn with the better game by K t x P.
**

14.

K txP

76

BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD

Beginning to force White’s hand. 15 K t x K t is no reply now as P x K t would win by 16 B x P, Q X K t ; 17 B x B, Q x R ; i 8 B x R , QxPch. 15. 16. K t— B5 QxQ KtxKt

vantage. The text move sud denly threatens a winning at tack by 19 R P x P , B P x P ; 20 Kt xPch. , K— K t i ; 21 B— B4ch., Kt— Q4; 22 BxKt ch. , R x B ; 23 K t— K7ch. 18. 19. B— B5 R— K i PxRP

If P x Kt, B x K t ; 17 P x P, B x K P ; 18 B— Q4, B— Kt6ch.; 19 B— B2 (K— Q2, Q— Q4 ; 20 R— K K ti, B— Bsch.), Q— B2 ; with the better game. 16. 17. R xQ K t— K7ch.

If K t x B, Kt— Q4 ; 18 O— O — O, B— Kt5 ; and White can not play 19 R— Q3, for then KtxB; 20 R x K t , R— Q8 Mate. Also if 17 P x K t , B x K t ; 18 P x P , B x P ; 19 B— Q2, B— K t6ch.; with advan tage. The shrewdness of Black’s calculation on his 12th move is becoming apparent, and White must find the very best move every time to escape defeat. But at the same time White is quietly preparing his own plans against the Black king, as will soon appear. 17. 18. K— R i P— R5

It is Black who must now take care not to lose a piece. If P x B P ; 20 P x P, P x P ; 21 B— B4, threatening both K t x P Mate and B— B7. While if 19 . . ., K t— K5 ; 20 R P x P , B P x P ; 21 B— Kt5, B— B4 (not R— Q i ; 22 B— B 4 ); 22 B x R , R x B (not K t x B ; 23 B x P ) ; 23 K t x B , K t x B ; 24 K t x B. The unlikely text move is the solution to his problem ; he will sacrifice the exchange to obtain a probable draw with his two bishops. 20. B— B4

If P x K t , B— B i ; 21 B— Kt5, R x K t ; 22 B x R , B x B ; with excellent drawing chances. White, who has throughout accepted all Black’s challenges, prefers to continue his threats to the Black king. 20. PxP

In his increasingly difficult position, White exercises every subtlety to elude disaster. P x Kt, so far from winning a piece, would actually lose by P x P ; 19 B— Q4, B x B ; 20 P x B , R — K i ; while if 18 K t x B, K t— Q4 ; retains for Black his material and positional ad

The alternative, giving chances of a draw, was B— K3 ; 21 B x B , P x B ; 22 P x K t , B— B i ; 23 R x P, B x K t ; 24 B x B , R x B ; 25 P x P , R — Q B i ; 26 O— O— O, R x P ; 27 P— Kt6, but Black has yet another surprise by which he hopes to win.

K t— Q7ch. R— KR3 31. .B . 25. 22. .K ... P— R3 Kt— R5 Resigns. but more deadly to Black is the threat of P— Kt6.. K t x B . BxP B xR R— Q K ti K— B i K t— K5 BxP B— B6ch. and the material is still level. is now answered by K t— Kt6ch. He can only return his material advantage. 29. that White’s position is now superior. and K t — Kt6ch. R— R3 SiKt— K7ch. 28. K x P K t— B6 33. 35. both with considerable justification. ( D ia g r a m 31) And now White secures his first material advantage. for a move like 25 K— Kt2.LASKER— NAPIER 77 21. KBxP RxB K— Kt2 RxP BxB Kt— Kt6ch. B— K4 . K — B3 P— R4 B— Kt2 Kt— Kt6 (WHITE) LASKER Position before White's 25th move. 28. 32. 23. would .B 5 34. R— K t3 30. K txR (BLACK) NAPIER The complications are over. B— KKt5 simply create another threat in the advance of Black’s BP. 24. 26. R x B . one pawn. 27. 31 . White is now faced with no less than four threats. play to outcombine one another in the same combination. It will soon be seen. however.K 3 It is rare indeed that two masters. The key move of Black’s plan.

19. 18 To permit 22 P— K5 would be to allow the full force of White’s attack to develop against his king. winning a pawn. Ostend tournament. 19 B x K t . 1908. 15. promised at one time to become one of the world’s strongest masters. Kt x B . In the latter case he would have to recapture on K4 with the pawn on Q3. 17 P x K t . P— Q Kt4 and P— QB5. P x P . 1908. but eye trouble forced him to abandon the practice of the game.78 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD O. for then 1 5 P X P . P— B4 17. Teichmann (1868-1925). a German who lived for many years in England. and Vienna. 2. 20. 1911. 3456.B— B2 Kt— R2 R— K ti P— B4 K t— Q i P— K t3 P -Q R 4 K— R2 K t— K ti PxP Black plays a restricted varia tion of the defence. R. Q x K t . 10 9 11 12 13 14 P—04 QKt— Q2 Kt— B i K t— Kt3 B— K t3 B— K3 B— Q2 R— K i B— K B i P— K K t3 Q— K2 B— Kt2 After a typical Lopez period of preparation Black now has to make up his mind how to deal with White’s first aggressive ness. If he does not capture the pawn.P —05 16. B y exchanging bishops and getting his queen off the K . BxP B— K4 The purpose of White’s last move would appear if Black played Kt— QR4 here. i 6 K t x P . After 1914 he retired from active play. Q x B . R uy L o p e z I. 1906. Duras (b. He won tournaments against the strongest opposition. 1882) was a brilliant Czech player of the first decade of the twentieth century. His greatest success was winning the tourna ment at Carlsbad. 21. 20 Q x B . and then White’s QR suddenly as sumes a much more menacing aspect after P— QR3. notably sharing 1st prize at Prague. GAME 24 DURAS— TEICHMANN B— 04 » Q— K2 . 78 P— K4 K t— K B3 B— Kt5 B— R4 0— 0 R— K i P— B3 p— k r 3 p— K4 K t— OB3 P -Q R 3 Kt— B3 B— K2 P -Q 3 0— 0 P -R 3 18. or 21 K t— B3 and 22 P x P. he may be faced with either 21 P— B5.

the con tinuation given being 28 . R— Rich.DURAS— TEICHMANN 79 file the threat is largely dimin ished. 46. 24. Q x B . P x Kt 33. 49 K— R2. there seems no valid objection to 29 .. 40 R x B . 28. K— B i .. QR— K i . 45 K t x R(6). . 47 R— B 6ch. R x R . 31. B x K t . 48 B x Kt. K— Kt2 (Q— R 4 . 32. K t x K P . P— Kts . P x P BxP 41. 42 Q x R . 33 Qx P Ma t e . 30 R or Kt x P. PxKt R— Kt3 Not K— R i . He will now have to prevent Black’s P— Kt5 and this lets the queen take up a strong position on the Black squares. 29 K t— R5.. 26. Very fine. Q— R i . 30. 29. P— Kts 39. K— R 3 . 46 Q— Rfch. 43 R— B6 (threatening xP... But at last White has succeeded in forcing P— K5 and getting his bishop into the attack. 38. K x K t . P x K P .R— B5 Again frustrating White’s attempts to develop a combi native win. . R— KB2 To give his king a flight square on K t i after 35 . 27.. 31 Kt— Kt 5ch. 49 R — Kt3ch. BxB Kt— K2 K t— KB3 K t— Kt3 Q— Q2 Q— B2 Q xB Q— Kt2 K t— Kt2 Kt— B4 R — K2 QR— K i 35* 36.. 32.B 2 B— K i 0 — B6 43. After White’s last move P— Kt5 would be answered by 39 Kt— Bsch. 46. P x P . ... R— K2 P— Kt3 QR— K i B— K ti KtxKt K— R i K t— B3 Kt— R2 Kt— Kt4 The position is full of com plications. He forces the pace with a move Black had taken steps to prevent. In addition it gives Black an open file against the White king. 34. K— R2 K— Kt2 35. However. beyond the fact that White’s position has been improved by the pawn advance. Q . K— R2 . 47. P— K5 (Kt . 41 Q— Ktsch. P— K5 PxP R — K ts K — R2 [Diagram 32] Kt— B5 Double-edged. If instead P x R . . Q— K6ch.. 36 P x P . 37..P— R 3 40. R— B4 B -Q 2 42. 25.Q— B3 Q— Q5ch. 3o R x P . Q x Pch. 22. . P x R . 23.). 48 R— R5. Q— Kd R(K)— K B i R— K R i K— K ti R— R5 Q— K3 R— R3 It has been suggested that here 28 P— K5 must be pre vented not for positional but for combinative reasons. 45. 44 K t x Pch. 32 Q x Pch. and mates. 47 R— B3. 44. Q— B i . P x K t .

K — Kt4 Q— K6ch. 51 R(i)— B5... K— Kt2 R— B7ch. Q— Qsch. 51 R x R ) . White cannot play K— R4 because of Q— Kt6ch. 56 K— B4 (K— K t3. R — Q2 . 52 R— R 3 ). Q— K 6ch. Q— B7ch. K — Kt3 R— B6ch. K — Kt2 R(2)— B7ch. and mates next move.. 63. Q— K6ch. 53. 64. K xQ R— B6ch. and R— R5 ch.. 57 K — R5.. K — Kt2 R(8)— B7ch.. and mates. 49. 50 K — K ti. 57 K— K 5. QxR(7)ch. 51 RxRch. K— R2 (K— K t i . 56. So he must give up queen for rook. K— R2 P— K5 By stopping two of the threats his immediate loss is limited to the exchange. 49. 58. ( D i a g r a m 32) Of course not Q x R . 51. Q— B6 With the triple threats of Q x R(7). 50 R— B3. . K — K ti R— B8ch. 55. Q— K t7ch. Q x R . 52 R(B)— Kt5. 62. BxRch. there is perpetual check by Q— K7ch. But his two rooks are in co operation and will still be strong enough to win. A fine example of attack and defence. Against the text move White must be careful.. 60. 57. K— K t3 R— R3ch. K— K ti K— R5 Threatening mate in two. puts both White rooks in jeopardy. Resigns. The threat 53. . winning.8o (b l a c k ) BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD t e ic h m a n n Much stronger than Q x K tP ch. 61. 50. 65 K — Kt6. while if 55 R(2) x P . 50 Q— B6ch. P— B4ch. 59.. 53 R— B3.Q x B 54. Q x R .. — Q 2. If 55 K x P . Q— K8 The climax of Black’s coun ter-attack. 55 Q— Kt8 Mate. 63.. If Q— R7ch. Q— Q8ch. QxRch. and his counter-attack continues. R— B2 If K — R2.). R(5)xP 56. P— Kt4 Q— K7ch. and there are no more checks. R— R3 Mate. Q— R sch . In this precarious position Black starts a vigorous counter attack. 48. Q x R 52. (w h i t e ) duras Position before White's 46th move. Q— Q7 . 48. R— Kt3ch.

and his tie for first place with Lasker at St. 14 B x K t . 1909. He prefers to give up the pawn with the chance of a quick counter attack. R— Kich. came rapidly into prominence early in the 1900’s. 1907.. P— Q4 Kt— KB3 P— B4 B— Kt5 P— Q4 K t— KB3 P— K3 P— B4 An inferior move which comes better after 4 K t— B3. 6 K K t x P . . Q x Qch. BPxP Kt— B3 KKtxP KPxP PxP Kt— B3 The point. . 17 K x Q. K — Q i . If White con tinues 13 Kt— B7CI1. 11 K t x R . 9 K t x P . and if 18 R x P. B x B . or by Q— Q2 but then 10 Q— R4. P— K3 B— K ts B— K2 B— Q2 Somewhat better was B x P . .. 16. with at least an equal game. 10. Petersburg. 16 P x B . 16 Q— Q2. P x Q P . Petersburg tournament. Now White removes the pawn from the K file and he is left with a weak isolated pawn. 11. 5. B— K5 ... P— K4. a Pole by birth. brought him into consideration as a challenger for the world title but he never secured a match. 10 Kt— B 7ch. He retired in 1930 suffering with a mental break down from which he has never fully recovered.). 7. B— Kt3. and Pistyan. 4. K R — K ic h . 1882). IDs style was quiet and simple but always extremely effective and frequent tournament successes. BxKt K t— K3 BxB O— 0 — O Inviting 8 B x K t . 9. Q— R 4ch. K— Q i . 8. B— Ktsch. QR — Q i . 2. 17 Q— B i. 14. o_o R— B i KR— K i . GAME 25 RUBINSTEIN— LASKER St. as he can then continue P— B 4 . 6.. 5 B— Kt5. T arrasch D e fen ce He could play to hold the pawn by Q— Q3 but then 10 B— KB4. 12. 18 K — B i. QBxKt KtxP PxB BxB BxKt Q— Kt4 1.. 15. Q— K t4ch. then 1 3 .RUBINSTEIN— LASKER 8l A. 1909. 13. Q x B . Rubinstein (b. 1912. Q x K t . K x K t . 15 R— K K ti. such as his 1st prizes at Carlsbad. 3. in both cases with a difficult game. 15 P— Q5 (Kt x R.

26 K — B3. 21 K — R i.. 20. 20 R x P. K — Q2 .. 28 K — R4. R xP A splendid move. 26 R— B6 Mate. R— Q7ch. 24 K— B i. K — B2 . P x R But White has no intention of letting Black get the draw. Q— Q6ch. 25 Q— Q6ch. . 21. (R x R . Q— B5 At last White establishes his advantage. 23 K— K i. Q B4ch.82 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (BLACK) L A SK E R P ch . 22... Black has brought all his forces into play in the minimum of time. Q— K2 . R x Kt Threatening Q x P Mate. QxQch.. there are no more checks and White must continue 20 P x R . Q— K 7 . RxBch. Q— B sch . recovering the rook with a prob able draw). 19. 24 R x R . Black cannot de fend the BP by P— Kt3 because of 23 Q— B8ch.. 21 Q— R8ch.. K — K t i . . so the QBP falls after all. Q— Bx PxR 23 Q— K8ch. (D i a g r a m 33) Not R— B2 . K — R3 . was better. 18. K — K2 . R— Q2 K — Qi (W HITE) R U B IN STEIN Position before Black's 16th move.. iS. R— Q8 .. Now if 19 . Now after 19 QxPch.. 25 K— B2. 22 R xPch. Now if R— Q8ch. 22. 25 Q— Kt4ch. 17. and White will have great difficulty in preventing him from equalising. K — K ti . Q— Q7ch. wins. 27 K— Kt4. 19.. Q x Both players fight all the way. 16.. 24 R — B4ch. 22 R— K K ti (there are astonish ingly enough still no checks). Q x P . R— B4 P— B4 Taking counter measures just in time. but since White can do so 16 .. Q x Pch. K — Q3 . If Black defends his QBP White takes the rook and remains a pawn ahead. winning. 23. 24 R— Q4-ch. and the draw is almost inevitable.. R— Q3 . 22 K — B2.. The complications are considerable even though all the minor pieces are gone.. Q x P c h . with much the better game. Q— Q6ch. . K — K3 . K — Kt3 .

R x P ch . 39. 42 R — B8ch.. Therefore— Resigns. R— K t 5 . . 44 R— K8ch. 38. 41 R— KKt8.. 37. K— B i . K— B2 K— B i 27. R— Kt5 . 38 P— K6.R— QR5 He has come through a haras sing time into a won rook end ing. R — Q7ch. 27. 45 K x P. K— B2 . RxP K — B2 K— B3 K xQ R — Q8ch. 23. R— Q5(K— K 3 . K— K 3 . 39 K x P . however. 43 R— KKt8. pre venting R— Kt5Now after 40 .. K— K2 . 40.RUBINSTEIN— LASKER 83 Removing the piece that is most likely to give Black draw ing chances in spite of a material inferiority.. . RxQKtP If K — Kt6. with two united passed pawns. 26. 33343536. 30. R — Q2 . Rx P c h . 40 R— Q8ch. 40 K x P. 24. and if 39 K — Kt6. There are.. 41 K— Kt6. 37R— R6 P— K4 P— KR4 P— Kt4 K— B4 P— R 5 K— B5 P— K5 R -Q 6 R— R6 R — Kt2 K— B i R— B2 K— B2 K— B i K— K2 P— R3 K— B2 R— Kt2 K— B i R— Q6 R— B6 If R— Q8ch. 29. 39. K— K i . 40 R— KKt8. K — B2 P— R3 A delightful conclusion. 3i32. . and there are still technical difficulties in White's way. K— Q4 . 28. 44 RxPch. 25. 45 P— K 6 ).. K— K2 . so many positions in rook endings where the extra pawn does not win that he still has to be very careful how he forces the position. . K— K2 .

Kt— QB3 4* B— Kt5 5. KR— Qi 17.P— Q4 2. Q— Kt4 B— B3 P— B5 i. 22 B x R . 20. P il l s b u r y A t t a c k 10. p . The more normal line is Kt— B3.84 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD J. B x RP . 10 Q x P . 19. P— B5 . K t— B4 OR— B i 16. 9 P x Kt. P x K t . 8 Q— B2. 9 Kt x Kt. KR— K i Kt— R4 18. P x K t . B x B 7. If at once B x R P . GAME 26 MARSHALL-CAPABLANCA n th match game. P— QR4. Kt— Q2 . began playing as a child. 23RXB. 14B— Q3. 18. P— QB3 11. Kt— K2 B— Kt2 12. B— R2 If B— Kt3. Capablanca (1888-1942). P— QB4 14. 1909. P— QB4 3. of America at 21 and of the world at 33. R. 16 B— B2. K txK t 8. Black already has the better position. and it was only after he lost the world title in 1927 that his infallibility was called into question. he won a series of tournament victories from 1910 to 1936. 20 K t x P. QR— Q i Sacrificing the RP to obtain open lines in the centre by P— K4 or P— Q5. 16. but this move leads to more combinative possibilities than the usual Kt— B3. Q— Kt 5ch7. K — R i .. P— Q5 P— K4 first gives a more en during pressure. O— O O— O 13. Q— Kt3 Kt— B3 15. was champion of Cuba at the age of 12. 20. a Cuban. or by P— QB3 .Q B 4 . 21 BxPch. of an accuracy which reduced opponents to despair.P— QR4 To prevent P— QKt4. and it is White who is a pawn ahead. 15 Q— Kt3. B x B P P— QKt3 10. His style was simple and almost mechanical. B x R . P— K3 6. New York. 13. Q— B3 He cannot hold the diagonal. K t— R4.B— Q3 P— Q4 P— K3 Kt— KB3 B — K2 Kt— K5 Q xB This allows Black to open the long diagonal for his bishop. fol lowed either by K t x K t . P x K t PxP 9.

winning the exchange. 34 Q x Rch. B— B5 Kt— B3 R— Qi He cannot avoid this weaken ing move.. 21. R— Q2 P— K4 Q x R . P x B . B— K6 Kt— K2 Q— B2 K— K ti PxB White continues to attack with ingenuity. . and the defence has to be a model of fighting carefulness. 23QxRch. 25. Q— B i . 25 R x R . P— B4 R— K i 36. and mates. 23. R x R 27. and Black has no ad vantage. R— K2 37. 26 Q— R6. K— B i 34. but White is two pawns down and therefore in haste to increase his pressure. 32. or by playing P x P allow White freedom in the centre. 36. (D i a g r a m 34) 23. B— K ti R xP Q xR He must either submit to an attack on his king. . K t— K4 31. R— Q3 (preven ting Kt— B6ch. 33 Kt— Kt5. B— K ti. P— R4 B— Qy would prevent Black’s next move. R— Bich. P x P [Diagram 35] (WHITE) MARSHALL Position before Black's 23rd move. 27 Kt— B6ch. Q— B6ch. .P— Q6 (BLACK) CAPABLANCA P x B would permit 29 Q— R6. K t— K ts K t— K ti 35. B x K t . R— Q i . 28. R x R . If R— K B i . K t— R5 P— Kt3 Q— R4 would be answered by K — Kt2. 27. 29. K — Kt2 If R x P at once. 24. but White evolves still more surprises. 21 K t x P .. 22 R x B . 23. 29.MARSHALL— CAPABLANCA 85 I f P x P . Q— Kt5 Q— K3 K— R i The attack seems to have been beaten off.) is answered by 24 Kt x P. 35 KtxPch. 33. 30. QxKPch. 22. Black still loses the exchange if he takes the queen. for 23 . and P— Kt3 must fol low.. K x Q . . K t— B6 26. for if Q— B i .

41 P x Q . 41 K t— K6ch. 43 K t— B7 Mate. Kt x P . R x P .Q—0 4 The defence holds out against White's last brilliant fling. .. 42 R— B8 (not QxQch. 42 R— B7. B x P .. 43 K P x Q . 42.. 41.. 43 R x B . K t x P . 43. R xP (w h i t e ) m arsh all P— K6 dis. 43 R x B . wins. and Black wins. with good drawing chances. P x Q . 40 Q— Kt4. 42 P— Q7. 46 R x P . R x Q . R x P . P— R5 B— K i 39. 45 R x R . 43Kt xBM ate . the text move would have equally sufficed. but then 42 . Q x Q (forced by the threat of R x B ) . Q— Q6 Q— B4 The attack continues. If 41 .86 (b l a c k ) BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD capablanca W fy '-'v Black is threatening Q x Pch. K— R i Not K x P . ch. 45 Kt— B7 Mate. R— K2).. . 44 R x R . 44 K t— B7ch.. If now Q x Q . and if 41 Q xQ . P— R6ch. And if 41 .. R x K t . B x R . R— K 4 . would have been stronger.. 40. R— B7 BxQ Or R x Q . R— Q 2 . B — B3. Fatal would be B x Q . B x R . 43 K t— B7 Mate. . but if Q x P . . 4 1. and the threat of K t— B7ch. . 40 Q— B6ch. nor Kt x P . (D ia g r a m 35) 38. Q— Q7 R— K2 Position before Black's 36th move. K t x P . . 43 R— B7. 42 R— B8. R x P .. R x K t . A perfect dem onstration of the power even of an unsound attack and of the inexorable justice that must come if the defence is correct.. but not 44 . 42 R— B8. K— Kt2 . . Resigns.. must be stopped.. Had White tried 42 R— B7.

. An inaccuracy. 0 —0 P— KB4 B— KKt2 I f P — Q4. then Q— K5 . he was recognised for the great player he was. B x Q P 19.SCHLECHTER— LASKER 87 C. 10. early earned the unenvi able title of “ drawing master. P x Q . 15 QxQ . 2. 15. B— K3 . 11. 6. P— K5 9. 13. However. for if 14 Q— B3. but a later improvement is 9 . O— O— O . R x P P— Kt4 PxB . B— B4 . Q— Kt3 . 4. 11 K t x P . B— B4 Q— Kt3 12.. Kt— R4 14. of Vienna. P— Q4. 12 0 — O. P x K t . He died of under-nourishment in 1918. 12 B— B6ch. O— O . In 1910 he played and drew a match for the world title and oddly enough he only failed to win by not playing for a draw. Berlin. P— B4 QR— Qi BxQ O— 0 B— B3 Magnus Smith’s own analysis continued 9 B— B4. 16.Q x Q B— QR3 Q— Q5 7th match game. 1910. 10 Q— B3. 1908. n B x P . P— K4 Kt— KB3 P— Q4 K txP Kt— QB3 B— QB4 KtxKt P— QB4 Kt— QB3 P xP Kt— B3 P— K K t3 P— Q3 Introducing the sharp Mag nus Smith variation. Black is just able to evolve a satisfactory defence against the text. 14 O— O. GAME 27 SCHLECHTER-LASKER 9. B— QKt3 There is nothing in 12 Q— B3. S ic il ia n D e f e n c e 1. 13 B x R . B— Q2 . KR— K i 18. . P— K6 PxKt Kt— Kts The immediate exchange of queens is virtually forced. 14. Schlechter (1873-1918). 1908. when he shared 1st prize both at Vienna. 3. and Prague. 13 KR— K i. P x P . 5. 7. 14 P— KR3. Better was either Kt— K4 or B— K4 blocking the bishop. 10 K t x P . Q x B . allowing White to develop ingenious win ning chances by sacrificing his QB..” though at his best he was as fine a stylist as any player of his time. 16 P— B4. 8. 11 P x P . 17. 7. and Black gains a move on the variation actually played. B— Kt2. P— Q 4. 12.

. B— B6ch. B— K4 (BxK t.. . ch. K — K t2 . 22 K — R i. 29 R(4)— K t7. is dear. 23 P x B . 21. B— K2 . R x P B— QKt2 Insufficient would be B —K t 4 . 25 K t x B . 28. ch. 19. Kt— B3. 29. P x B K t— K4 Black’s defence has been so far successful that the worst threats are over though the passed pawns remain. R— B7 24. Only the most determined and accurate resistance by Black can hold the game. 23 P— Q7. 24 B xB. . 28 R— QKt4. Not 20 . B x R . K t— B3 B— K5 B x Kt (w h i t e ) SCHLECHTER Position before Black's 19th move. R— Qi K— B i K— K i K t— B6ch. ch. . 24 K t— B5 (the move not available to White in the previous note). Of course not 28 K — K2. If 21 P— KR3. B— B i . and the pawns are held. the reply is still 20 P— B5. P x K t . . . (D ia g r a m 36) Now White has a powerful attacking position with the threats of P— B5 followed by P— K7 dis. . 25 P x B . . 22 P— K7 dis. R— K2 . 26. K— K2 K t— K4 30. K — Kt2 . 25 B— R4. 27 K— Kt2. and of P— KR3 and P— K7 followed by R x B ... He is now able to interpolate a little attack of his own. 26 K t— B5. 26 R x KP. 21 P— K7 dis. K t x Pch. KR— K i . 25 B— Q7) . 23 R— Q6. K t— B3 .88 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (b l a c k ) LASKER K ti. . 24 K — 27. K t x P c h .. . 21. winning. B— K 4 .. ch. B x R . . B— B3 Still not B x R . P— Kt3 Now the subtlety of Black's defence in choosing 19 .. B— K4 . 22 P xB . or 19 . K t— K5 . P— B5 B— K4 KR— K i If B— Q5 .K 6 . B . 25. 24 P— KR3. 23. K t— B6ch. B x P ch . 28. . 25 P— K7 dis.. and Black is in zugswang. K — Kt2 . 22. B x R . 23 P x B . 20. B— R7ch. He has to let his QBP go in order to hold up the dangerous K P and whether he tries 1 9 . R(i)— Q7 . K t— B3.

B— B7 42. K— Q i PxP 43.SCHLECHTER— LASKER 89 Recovering the pawn. R x R. 3738. P— B5 R— Kt7ch. The culmination of a magni ficently accurate defence. 3536. 30. K . 3940.K— B i 44. Of course White cannot reply 33 K— Q2 because of Kt— B6ch. 47 . winning. with a winning rook end ing. P— K R 3 . He now succeeds in remaining a piece ahead.. Both of White's advanced passed pawns have fallen and Black now threatens B— Kt4 followed by R x P Mate. 39. 34. B x Kt QR— B i Kt— Kt3 RxKP B— Ktsch. Black's de fence still has to be extremely accurate. K— R i RxKtP B— Q6ch. and in fact this enables him to save the game. PxB B— B4 B— K 5 46. PxP R— Q5 R— Q6 B— Q5 P— B6 R— QKt7 K t— Kt3 B— K5 B— B4 QR— K ti Kt— B i Temporarily holding the KP.. K t x P . .R x K t P The point.K— Kt2 45. 32 R— R7. White cannot play 34 R x K t because of P x P . for if 30 . .R 3 BxP Drawn.R x P 48. P— K7 41. 33. for if now 39 . 35 R— B7.. 40 . Although he has two pieces en prise Black can save both of them owing to the position of White's king. 31. R— K B i . 32. R— K8ch. threatening mate. . K— B i . R— B6 R— Kt8ch. Now Black suddenly produces a threat to win the game him self. White has nothing better than to take perpetual check. . 31 R— Kt 7ch.

Berlin.. K t— K 7ch. This brought him uneven results in tourna ments. 16 . He did not like them then. 14 QR— K ti. Kt x Kt 10. 2. 13. for if 15 P x B . Kt— R3 12. 11. Kt— K7ch. GAME 28 MIESES-CAPABLANCA Exhibition game. is far too unenterprising. B— Q3 P— Q3 K t— Q5 Overcomplicated. P— K4 P— Q4 Q xP Q— K 3 K t— QB3 B— Q2 0 — 0 —0 P— K4 P xP Kt— QB3 Kt— B3 B— Kt5 O— O R— K i By simple play against White’s risky opening Black has secured the win of a pawn. 14 B x R. 4. 15 Q— B3. 15QX B. but frequent brilliancy prizes. Kt— Kt5 White must exercise the ut most care. 1895. and similarly prefers now to indulge in complications based upon the threat of K t— K7CI1. then B x P is a possible reply. 3. Q— K8 . 15 P— QB3. 13 B— K2.90 BATtLfiS-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Jacques Mieses (b. B -K 3 Naturally not B x R . R— K K t5 . winning the queen. [Diagram 37] 14. 6. Kt— K 7ch. K 1 4 P — QB 3. 7. B— KB4 K txP R x Kt Q— B3 Not liking P— Q3 which would allow White a strong attack for the pawn. If now n B x P . which would allow sim plification without retreat. K t— K7ch. B x B . and White cannot play 15 P x B because of Q x P Mate.. 17 Q— K3. P— Q5. C e n t r e G am e R— K i would lead to varia tions similar to those in the previous note. 13B— Kt5 1.. 14 P— KB3 only gives equality after R x B . little success in matches.. B x P . If now 8 P— B3. and then if 9 B— Q3. Also. . P— Q4 . with the threat of Q -K 2 . 8. R x B . i 4 B x K t . and what may be his last at Hastings. R x R c h . 1913. 1865) played in his first masters tournament at H astin gs.. R x B . 1946. 15 B x K t . if P— QB3. R— K8. Q— K3 . Correct wasR— Kt5 . His style was extremely aggressive and he delighted in such risky gambits as the Danish. i 4 B x K t . 16 P x B . Q— Kt3 9. P— Q 3. 12 K— Ktx. Q x Pch. 5.

P x Q .MIESES— CAPABLANCA (b l a c k ) capablanca 91 16. 23. P— B5 Q— Q2 The only move. With the exchange ahead in this simplified position. Now that White has wasted two moves. 17 Qx R . so the logical course was 22 Qx Q . Black must now lose the ex change. Black could not reply Q— Kt5 be cause of 24 Q— K8ch. R — Kt5 Mate. R— Q2 25. Black’s combination is seen in all its ingenuity. P— B4 P— B3 KR— K i R— Q5 Q— Kt4 B— B4 Q— B3 B x Kt. 22. (the White queen was defending this on the previous move) . for if R— K 2 . Q— B3 P— QB3 P— Q4 B— K2 and Preventing P— B6 threatening B— Kt4. 17 K—-Kti. Q x Pch. Black plays B x R and still comes out a pawn ahead. 22. 15 P— QB3. And here Q— K7 with the same idea was better. enabling him to capture on K4 instead of on K2. any player might expect to win. 2324. wins a piece. R x B . . with a pawn ahead. K— B i . R xB An error of judgment. 16 B xPch. R x B . 20. 16 R x B . whose position still does not appear to hold any promise. ( D i a g r a m 37) 19. Q x B K t— K7ch. B x R . 17 R x K t . brings all his pieces to bear on White’s king with an economy of moves that is quite remarkable. By his last move White has proved the whole combination to have been unsound after all. Qx R RxKt Q— Kt4ch. B— B 4 . And finally if 14 B x K t . He cannot force the K side and get a quick mate by weight of material. B x K t 17. If White now takes the rook. 21. The alternative of B— B 4 . 19 Q x P. . was not enticing. K t— K4 RxB A tactical finesse. with a winning end-game. 1718. 15. Black. 23 R— K7. Q— Q i . (WHITE) MIESES Position before White's 14th move.. 14.

threatened. R— Qi R— QB6 And with this beautiful con clusion Black settles the matter. the very move White has fought so long to prevent. or even Q xRch. R(5)— Q2 [Diagram 38] 39. Q— R3 Q— R5 32. The way in which Black has seized the initiative is an object lesson in the correct use of material. P x R . R x P R— Q K ti 39. B— Q5 . followed by P— B6. Q— R5 28. Q -Q 6 42. Q— K8ch.P— Qr 3 If now R x P . R(2)— K2 27. Q— R5 38. R x P . 46 R x R . 38 r (5)— Q2» P— B5 . K— K ti B— B3 P— KR3 K— R2 R— Qi (b l a c k ) capablanca The first stage. 44. and if 45 Q— Q2.92 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 26. R— QB2 43. 37. Q— Kt3 R— Ktfx P -K t5 41. 35. . P— Q5 is 30. makes de fence of the RP an urgent neces sity. 36. with varia tions similar to those in the actual game. 33. Resigns For if 45 R— Q2. P— B5 Much stronger than Q x RP. Not P— B 6. The text move. (WHITE) MIESES Position before Black's 39th move.. K— R i P— QKt4 And now the threat of P— Kt5 is worse still. P x P Q xP 37. He has not only escaped defeat but has actually won a lost game. and R x R. P— KKt4 29. R— Qi P— B4 31. R— Q K t i. R x R . 35. 40.R— Q3 P -B 6 PxP Q— K5 White has battled hard to stave off the attack and just when he seems to have suc ceeded Black prevents R x R by the double threat of Q— K8ch. 34. 42 R x P. R(2)— Q2 Q— Ksch. (D ia g r a m Q— Kt2 K— K ti Q— R5 38) Not R x P. 41 Q x R .

. QR— Kich. 14 P - 15. B— R6ch. Kt— Kt5 New York tournament.0—B3 P— Q4 (b l a c k ) Q— R5 m ar sh all Subsequently 12 P— Q4. for Marshall had never faced a Ruy Lopez from Capablanca since his unhappy experience against it in the match of 1909. Kt— K t5 . Q— R7ch. 17 Q xB . QR— K ich . 19 R— Kt2. 19 K— K2. was preferred as a defence. (D i a g r a m 39) P -Q 4 . was introduced to master play in this game. 11. 2. B— Ktsch. B x P . Q xRch. 16. 78. but Capablanca is out of the book and has to im provise. 3456. B— R6ch. then Q— R5 . R u y L opez P— K4 Kt— QB3 P -Q R 3 Kt— B3 B— K2 P . 20 K— Qi. P— K R 3 B— Q3 (w h i t e ) capablanca Position before Black's 15th move. 13. he suspected a prepared variation was coming.Q K t4 0— 0 P -Q 4 The Marshall Variation.b 3 The attack begins and with it a period of intense crisis. !5.CAPABLANCA— MARSHALL 93 GAME 29 CAPABLANCA-MARSHALL KR3. QxPch. 16 K— Bi. 18 K— K2. Q— R8 ch. KtxP R— K2 .. He said afterwards that as soon as Marshall allowed him to play the Ruy Lopez. KB x P .. 18 Q— B2 (R— K2. 14. Or 15 Q— B3. If in reply to the text move White plays 14 P x Kt. QR— Kich. P— K4 Kt— KB3 B— Kt5 B— R4 O— O R— K i B— K t3 p.. would merely be a transposition of moves. 13 R— K2. in which a pawn is sacrificed for a strong attack..). 16 P x B . Q— R5 . 15 Q— B3.. 12. PxP K txP RxKt R— K i Kt x P K txK t K t— B3 I. 20 K— K i. B x P .. 10. 13. 15 P— Kt3. 17 K— Bi.” 12. 1918.. B— Q3 . 9. Capablanca anticipated that the attack would be “ terrific. winning.

94

BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD

If 16 Q x Kt, B— R7ch„ (B— Kt6 would allow the brilliant reply 17 QxPch. , R x Q ; 18 R — K8 Mate, showing how delicately the game is now balanced); 17 K— B i, B— K t 6 ; 18 Q— K2 (now if Q x Pch. the queen is captured with a check), B x P ; 19 P x B, QR— K i ; 20 Q x R , Q x P c h . ; win ning. After the text the attack must ease a little as Black loses a piece. 16. B— KKt5

A last attempt to revivify his flagging attack, but White is now poised for his counterthrust. The problem of Q side development is to be solved by the advance of the Q side pawns. 27. P x P 28. P— Kt4 29. P— R4 30. P x K t P 31- R— R6 32. K t x P 33- P— Kt6 BxP

B -Q 3

P -Q R 4 PxP PxP B— K ts

The attack is continued with the utmost ferocity. If instead 16 . . ., K t x P c h . ; 17 P x K t , B x P ; 18 R — K4, or 16 . . ., B x P ; 1 7 P X B , K t x P c h . ; 18 K — B i, K t— K t 4 ; 19 Q— Kt2, but 16 . . ., K t— Kt5 ; 17 B— KB4, B— Kt2 ; 18 P— Q5, K t — B3 ; was a playable alterna tive. 17. 18. 19. PxB K— B i R x Kt B— R7ch. B— Kt6

The picture has now changed completely, and Black is help less against the passed pawn, for the moment his rook leaves the first rank. White has Q x Pch., available again. 33. 34. 35. 36. BxB P— K t7 Bx Pc h . B x Kt P— R3 R— K6

White has fought his way into slightly calmer water. He obtains two pieces for the rook, but is still behindhand in de velopment. 19. 20. 21. 22. K— K2 B — Q2 Q— R8ch. BxR B— R5 QR— Kich. Q— B8ch. B— B7 Q— Kt8 P -Q B 4

Forcing the pawn home, for if in reply 36 . . ., K— R i ; 37 R — R8, R x Q ; 38 Rx Rc h. , K— R2 ; 39 R — R8ch., K x R ; 40 P— Kt8=Qch., or 36 . . ., K— R2; 37 Q— B5ch., K — R i; 38 Bx Pc h. , K x B ; 39 Q— Kt6ch., K— R i ; 40 Q x P Mate. 36. 37. 38. R xB P— Kt8=Qch. K— R2 RxPch. Resigns.

2324.

Q— R3 K— Q3

K — B2 Q— B 3

B— £5

2526.

It is mate in two after 38 . . . , K x R (P x R ; 39 Q x R Mate); 39 Q— R8ch., K — Kt3 or 4 ; 40 Q— R5 Mate.

RUBINSTEIN— ALEKHINE

95

A. Alekhine (1892-1946), Russian by birth and French by adop tion, was world champion from 1927 to 1946, except for the period I935-7* At his best he was perhaps the most completely equipped and gifted chessplayer of all time, at home in open and close posi tions, orthodox and experimental, sound in theory and fiery in imagination. In his early years overshadowed by Lasker and Capablanca he showed by his decisive victories in such tournaments as San Remo, 1930 and Bled, 1931, that in the fullness of maturity he was as great if not greater than they.

GAME 30

RUBINSTEIN— ALEKHINE

**London tournament, 1922.
**

Sl a v D e fe n c e

1. 2. 3. 4. 56. 7. 8. q.

Kt— KB3 P -Q 4 p- b 4 K t— B3 P— QR4 P -K 3 BxP O— O Kt— K2

P— Q4 K t— KB3 P— B3 PxP B— B4 P— K 3 B— QKts 0— 0

P— R5 Continuing the attack on his K4 by threatening R— R4 at a suitable moment. 20. 21. B— Kt2 K R -Q i B— B6

II. 12. 13. 141516. 1718. 19. 20.

Kt— R4 KtxB PxP Q -K 2 KtxKt Q— Kt4 Q— B3 p — QKt3 R— Rz

P— B4 RPxKt KtxP KKt— K5 KtxKt Kt— B3 Q -B 2 Q -K 4 Kt— K5

The theme of this opening is control of White’s K4, and with the text move Rubinstein evolves an elaborate plan to get rid of Black's QB. The more usual play is Q— K2. From this point the battle for control of the vital square is fought out with all the intensity and per sistence of which the players are capable. 910. Kt— Kt3 QKt— Q2 B— Kt3

Not 2 1 . . . , Q— KB4 ; 22 R— R4» B— Q7 ; 23BXKP. 22. B x B 23- R— B2 KtxB P— QKt4

The threat is 24 KR— B i, K t — Q4; 25 P— K4, and White controls the key squares and comes out with the better game. 24. t x P e . p . 25. KR— B i PxP

Maroczy recommended Q— B4 here.

g6

BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD

25. 26. R— K i 27. B— B i 28. Q— B4

Kt— R7 P— QKt4 Kt— B6

(BLACK) ALEKHINE

If 28 P— K4, P— Kt5 ; and the first stage of the game ends in equality. White prefers a line which will allow him to use the open files in the centre later. 28. 29. 30. Si32. 33343536. 37PxQ P— K t3 B— B4 K— Kt2 R— K5 R -O 2 R— B2 P— R4 R(2)— K2 0x0 P— K t5 R— R6 K— B i K— K2 R— QB i R -Q i R -Q B i Kt—0 4

**Position before Black's 42nd move.
**

(D i a g r a m

40)

Threatening R— Q8 followed

by R(2)— Q7 Mate.

Now White has succeeded in developing a strong game in the centre. The immediate threat is 38 R x Kt and if 37 . . Kt — Kt3 ; 38 B x P , P x B ; 39 R x Pch., K— B2 ; 40 R x Kt, R x P ; 41 R— Kt7ch., K— B3 ; 42 R(2)— K7, with advantage.

37.

**42. R— R2 43. R— Q8 K t— K5 44. R(2)— 05 R— 03 Not Kt— Q3 ; 45 R — KKt 8, Kt x P ; 46 R(5) - 08 , K t - Q 3; 47 R— Kt 8. 45. R— K Kt 8 R— R7
**

White’s attack has reached its full force. He is certain to recover his pawn and he is threatening even worse things. Black swings to counter-attack just in time.

38. R— Q2 39. P— R5

Kt— B6 R— B3

Trying to increase his pres sure by sacrificing a pawn, the object of which is primarily to weaken Black's KP. A new in tensity comes into the game. 39P— B3 40. R— K3 PxP 41. P— B5 P— K4 42. R(3)—03

**46. RxKtPch. K— B i 47. R— Kt8ch.
**

Still neither player can tip the scales in his own favour. White must now adopt this very in genious method either to force a draw or to get back to intercept the attack.

Kt— B6. Kt— B8 . Kt— Q7ch. 61 B x P. B x P K— Q3 K— B4 Kt x P A drawn ending has been reached after all. . R— Q2 dis. 64 P— Kt6. R x R K txR 51.). (KxP(4).. Kt— B4 . K— Kt2 49.. 53. Kt— Q7 . 56 B -B 7 ) . 54 P— B 4ch. draws) . K— B3 59. 55 PX P. 62 P— Kt4. P— K6 A last effort to retain some chances by 59 .B— Kt8 56. K— K 5 . P x P . P x P e . 59. 53 K— K t3. 58 B— Qi. .K— K ti 54. drawing. K t— Q2 . and Black must now be careful for if 62 . K -Q 6 K— Qy P— Kt6 P— K7 . 6 2 K X P . 64 K — K i. P— Kt6 . 52.RUBINSTEIN— ALEKHINE 97 47.. K x B P .. K xR 48. Much better was the line suggested by Bum : 52 P -K t4 . The reply chosen by Black crashes any chances re maining for White.. . but now the Black king is also in range. . KxP(4) . 56 B— B2. 54 P— Kt5 (B xP . 5152. Kt— Kt4ch. wins. 58.ch. 63 P . P— R5 (K— R3 . 53 K .K t5 . K— Kt4 . Correct is 6 2. B x P Resigns. B x K t 61... R x R(2) R— Q7 50. 63 P— Kt5. B— B7 K -Q 5 But this is a serious error.R 3 . B— B7 57. 55 B x P . B— B4 62.. B— Q5 55. Kt — Qsch. P— B4 P -K 5 Allowing White to bring his king across at last. winning. 57 K— Kt4. for not only does it give Black a passed pawn but it enables him to keep the White king out of action in a comer. 60 K— K2. K t x B . p . K — Kt2 K— B i K— K2 60. K— B3 .

which call for a high de gree of positional exactness on White's part. Q— Q2 (preventing P — KKt4). Indicating his intention of forsaking the positional basis of the opening and of going in for a combinative attack. B— R6 11. P — KKt3 P — K K t3 White’s first three moves constitute the Reti System which was introduced to master play at this time. . B— Kt2 Kt— B 3 P -Q 3 B— K3 P— KR3 B— Kt2 Kt— B 3 0— 0 P -Q 3 If B x P . a Czech. GAME 31 RETI—BECKER B— R6. . 12. 16 Kt — Kt4. 9. Reti (1889-1929). 14 P— B3. because of 8 . R e ti System 1. 11. . P— K Kt4 .. but the whole idea is somewhat specu lative and out of key. White can $lay 13 Kt— R2.. 16 Q x Kt.. was one of the most original masters of the twentieth century and a leader of the school which revolted against the dogmas of Tarrasch and was dubbed “ Hypermodem.. P— Q 4. The excesses of the Hypermodems soon faded but their teachings left their mark and brought new vitality into a chess that was becoming too orthodox. Not yet Q— Q2 threatening .98 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R. with a strong game. 78. A. P— KR4 B— Qz R— K ti Kt— K i Vienna tournament. P— B4 P— B4 3 . B— Kt3 . 13. K t— KR4 Q— Q2 14. Black’s sym metrical defence causes White no trouble but the more aggres sive replies based on 1 . Becker was a prominent Austrian master who frequently figured in the prize list of continental tournaments. P— R5 B— Kts PxP 456. had not yet been developed. . B— K4 K t— Q5 Threatening to break up White’s attack completely by 15 . .” The chief feature of their theory was that occupation of a square or squares was often less effective and certainly less flexible than remote control. Q— Q2 10. Kt— KB3 Kt— KB3 2. 8. Kt— B7ch. 15 Q x P . Kt— KKt5. 1923.. The KRP is to be given up to open the file for the rook. BxB.

19 Kt x Kt. QxBPch. (D ia g r a m 41) Black has now developed his own attack and White is in difficulties. threats to three pawns. Or if 17 Kt— Q5. Q x K t . 18 K— K ti (K— B2. 25 B x R . Q— R6ch. 17. for if 27 QR— K K ti. K— K ti QxKPch. 18 P xB P . BxBch. 20 Q— Kt5.RETI— BECKER 99 15* O— O— O P— Kt4 16. P x K t . 19 QR— Bi. R x P c h . Q— R5 (threatening Q— R6ch.. while if 18 K — K ti. Less good would be 23 .). R x K t . Q— Rsch. K— K ti An error under time pressure. White must therefore allow Black to sacri fice his knight for the complete disruption of the White pawns. B x B KtxB After 24 .. (W HITE) R ETI Position before Black's 17th move.. K t— B6ch. and Black is two pawns ahead with a com fortable game. 20 Q xB. 23. . 21. . K t x K t KxKt 26. Kt— B6ch. 18.). K t x P c h . 27 Kt x Pch. Q— B3 . Q— K4 . Q x P . He has to stake everything on his attack on Black's king. . nor is R x Kt satisfactory because of 24 Q— Kt5.White with a rook for five somewhat loose pawns is better off. followed by Q— R5. in two cases with check. 24. Kt x B . . 21. 19 P x K t . for if in reply 18 Q x Kt. K t x Pch. . inviting a direct attack on his king by 24 K t x B . and after the fall of the QBP with a threat to the knight. K — B2 PxB P x Kt Kt— B5 K txP K txB Q— K3 A terrible position for White. If 17 P x B. 20. P— B3 P— Kt5 17. 25 B xB . A fine move. 26 QR— K i. Kt— Kt5 (BLACK) BE CK E R P x P . B x Bch. 26BxP. . and wins. 25. . 22. P x K t . The QKt file must therefore be kept closed. faced as he is with a threat to his bishop. .. 19. K t x K t . After K— R i White would have great difficulty in saving the game. winning.. Q— B7 Mate. K— R i PxP Black has secured the re markable and very unusual bargain of six pawns for a minor piece. 25 QR— K Kti. or QxKt.. B x B .

White has his initiative to de fend. 34 Kt— B6.. Q— Q2 . R— K ti Resigns. . Kt— B3 . or 30 . 12. R— Q B i . B— Kt5 No doubt hoping for 12 . R— K t2 .100 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R— K t i . with deadly effect. R— QBi. 30 Q x QP.. GAME 32 ZNOSKO-BOROVSKY— ALEKHINE Paris tournament. A l e k h in e D e f e n c e I. As Tartakower has said . R— Kt2 . R x Rch. 2. is best known for his lively and excellent treatises on various phases of the game and is perhaps the greatest teacher of elementary chess of all time. Superior weight must tell. 11.. and the simple 12 Kt x P was sounder. K— B i . 35 Q— R8 ch. 33 Q— R4. P— QR3 . . 31 Kt— B7. 32 K t— B7. 3456. he can achieve little. and with this move Black begins undermining White’s centre. P— Q R4. . 13 B x B. Q x Rch. P— K4 P— K5 P -Q B 4 P— 0 4 P— B4 BPxP B— K 3 K t— KB3 Kt— B3 R— B i K t— KB3 K t— Q4 Kt— Kt3 P—03 PxP Kt— B3 B— B4 P— k 3 Kt— Kt5 P— B4 White’s formidable looking pawn advances in this opening. 1884). 29. 34 Q x RP. E. P— K 3. . The continuation might be 30 . . 78. . 28. . 32 Kt— Q5. 31 K— K ti. R x R .. Znosko-Borovsky (b. 15 Kt — Q6ch. QR— K K ti K— R i 28. 27. a prominent Russian master in the years before the First World War. As curious and re markable a game as any ever played. R— K i . As it is White is able to threaten R x Pch. 1925. with a good game. 33 Kt— Q5. P x K t .. 29 Q— B6ch. . 910. . 14 Kt— QKt5. though after 12 . K x R . Q x B . B— K2 . 28 Kt x QP. Q x Q 30. P— QR3 P x P 12. P x Kt A startling reply indicating that he is going all out to win.. R x P The first pawn Black loses is fatal to him.

19 K— K2. P x B . BxR Position before White's 19th move. 18 R x K t . Q— B8ch. 20 P— . B— QB4. K t— B6 Mate. . but chances of a more rapid development than in the line selected. 21 P x P .. Kt— Q2 21. 21 Kt— Kt3. Q— Kt3 15. R x B 23. 19. . Kt— Q4 K t— B7ch. .P— B5 The point. P— Q R 3. 17 Q— Kt3. K— K2 . 18. Kt— B7ch. . at once. B x K t . Q— B3 P— QR3 Now Black’s difficulties with his development become ap parent for if 2 1 . Black has a choice of B x P . but possibly a better line was 16 Q— Kt3. . He now develops his bishop with good effect through the threat of B— Ktsch.. as in the text. . 15 QxQ. 22 Qx B) . 20 K— K2. P x R = Q . K txP 20. If 23 O— O. P— QKt4 (if B— QB4 . B— Ktsch. 14 B x K t . .. B x P . 22. 24 B— Qi. 16 K— B2. and Black. He prefers to retain a more com plicated position at some cost in development. . 17 Q— K3. B— Kt3 [Diagram 42] 19. 24 Q x B . B x Q R xB (B L A C K ) A L E K H IN E The alternative line was P x P . and O— O is still impossible because of 25 K t— B6. ( D i a g r a m 42) B6.. K t— B4 . 17. 20 Q Kt5. . 18 B x K t . while if 19 . has a rook and a minor piece for the queen. BxKtch.. Q x P 16.. . R x Kt 18. 23 B— R4. Q— R i PxP Kt— R5 (WHITE) Z N OSK O-B OR OV SK Y He cannot satisfactorily con tinue protecting his QB2. B— B4 . 14. winning a piece.ZNOSKO-BOROVSKY— ALEKHINE IO I 13. Kt x B c h . Kt(5)— K6ch. R x K t. threatening R— Q8ch. R— QBi . If in reply 19 . but not -— 16 Q— KB2. P— QR3 . 20 B— Ktsch. or 23 . If 18 B — K2 (against R— Q8ch. 21 P— B7.). 22 K t x Kt P. B— K2 . P— K t3 ... 16. winning a piece. Kt x Rch. 22 Q'— B7 (preventing O— O). Preparing to give up a third piece to keep Black tied up. Playing to bring his superior weight to bear. P— QKt4 . B x R . B— B4 . Kt— B7ch.

later took French nationality. By 1929 he was regarded as a challenger for the world title. K— R i 29. R x P The point of White’s 23rd and 24th moves... 44 P— K7. R— Q2 26. 30. and at Hastings.. 28. 1930. K — R2 . 2. won many tournaments. B— Kt4 R— K2 E. however.. 38 Q— Kt3ch. B x P . B— B4ch. 1887). 41 Q— Q3> K — K t2. 43 Q— Kt ich. R— Q i. GAME 33 TARTAKOWER-BOGOLYUBOV I. D. 23.102 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD threatening R x K t and B— Q B4. 42 Q x KRPch. notably Moscow.. for if 32 . 36 Q— Kt4ch. in 1929 and 1934S. 1925. B— K2 Drawn. Bogolyubov (b. R— Qi 24. 25 Q xP . Q— B6ch.K i . QxPch. and Black obtains a quick deployment of forces. P— B3 K t— B3 . R . While if 23 Kt— B3. 35 Q x P . but was soundly defeated twice.. 39 P— K6ch. some such line follows as 33 Q— B 5ch. Q— K6ch. Q x P R x Kt 25. also bom in Russia. 26 Q— B6ch. 1946. 3. K — K 2 . 34 Q— K t 5ch. B— Q6. B x P . R— B i . (or P— QR4. RxRch. K— B i . K— K 3 . P o n zia n i O p e n in g P— K4 P— K4 London tournament. 37 Q— K t3. 27. B— B 2 . He rapidly achieved prominence in the 1920’s and his vigorous and aggressive style won him a number of tournaments. White can hope for no more now. Black must now exert all his resources to save the game. K — B2 .. 35 Q— Kt4. Tartakower (b. K— Q2 . 1927. R— B i . 36 P— QR4.. B— B3 .. 0 —0 B— Q6 27. while Black cannot escape perpetual check in his exposed situation. Q— B8ch. as for example at Liege. B x R 31. K— K2 . 24 Q— B8ch. He has. . 40 Q— Kt3ch. K — B i . a Russian by birth.). 1889). adopted Ger many as his country after his internment there during the First World War. B— Qi 32. he always seeks to escape from the book and this has perhaps cost him a number of prizes. An original and aggressive player..

B x K tP . . K t— B4 B x RP [Diagram 43] A counter-attack just in time. 26 P— Kts. B— Kt6ch. 15 P— KR3. with good chances of a suc cessful storming attack. how ever. B— K t3 R— K K ti B— B2 P— K4 B— K3 P— KR4 P— R5 Q— B2 B— Q3 K t— R4 A rather pointless move. B— B3 17.. Preventing 11 Q— Kt2. 13 Q—Kt2. 19. Q x Pch. K— K i B— Rsch. . B— B3 10. by the threat to the KP. . which leads to positions akin to some in the Danish Gambit or the Goring Gambit. K P x P 6.. R x K t . and if 14 . 21. where White gets a strong though not decisive attack at the cost of a pawn. while 26 R— Kt2. P— Q4 5. B— Q2 He could retain some say in the centre by 12 . Q— R6 . . 28 Q x B. . putting a keen edge on the game. Safer was K — B i. . and 6 .. 13 B x Kt. P x P .. B— Q3 . 15 Kt— Kts.TARTAKOWER— BOGOLYUBOV IO3 Stronger and more usual is P— Q4 at once. The king comes under fire on the other flank. 27 R x P. Kt— K2 . . K — Qi Q— Rsch. or n B— Kt2. P— B4 . . P— Kt4 24. for though White’s king side is broken up he secures control of the centre. 24. K K t— Q2 P— K6 A sharp move. 27 K t x Bch. leaves Black reasonably safe. His counterweight to White’s centre lies on the other wing. 4. and if instead 25 . It is not altogether satisfactory. P x P 9. Q— K2 QxKtP Q— R6 Kt— K K ts Preferring to hold his K4 rather than try and fight it out for his K5 by P— B4. If 12 Kt— Kt3. 15. 20. 12. 7. Of course if now 26 Q x B.. K t— B3 25. for he was threatened with Kt — Kt2. with ad vantage. Kt— Q2 QxKt Q— Kt3 P— B3 As a result of his choice on the 3rd move Black must now decide between this not very satisfactory move. 23. 18. B x K t 16. K t— K4 12. B— Q2 14* B— K i O— 0— O Q— K2 If 14 . Q x K t . P x Kt. . 22. . White now has time to work his QB round to the K side. 8. 11.. Q— R 4 . . K t x R P . B— K2 P -Q 4 QxP P— K5 13.

Attack and counter attack now continue at a fast pace. Q— R6 ch... 39 K— B3. drawing. 28 K t x B . B— Q2 . 37 Q— Kt2.. B— K3 32. rather than 29 . Q— R6ch. Q— B 6 . P— B5 . Q— R8ch. . Q— R8 Mate. (D ia g r a m 43) 26... 37 B— K ti. R— Bi). K— B i KR— K i P— KB4 P— KKt4 The likely looking P— B5 will not win the piece because Thrill follows thrill now that Black is committed to an all out effort. Black would threaten 3 6 .. threatening Q— R8ch. 36 Q x R . . K— Q2. 38 K— R i. Q x Bch. P x K t 29.. R— K7 .. 35 Q x P (B x P. The reply 36 B— B4. P— Q K t4.. 37 Q— B2 (K— K ti. K — K t i . 38 K— B2.. B— R i If 34 B x K t P . He must close one of the two bishops' diagonals. With 34 . Q— KB2 P— Kt5 34. for a quiet move such as R(4)— Q i . 35R -K 5 (w h i t e ) TA RTAK OW ER Position before White's 26th move.. even at the cost of another piece. 35 B xPch .104 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (b l a c k ) b o g o l y u b o v of 33 B— Kt4ch... would allow 3 6 . P x K t . Q— Kt4ch.B— B4 After 35 B x R. He must therefore stake every thing on his K side pawns. Q X R.. 34R xP A surprise. threatening 31 B— R2. but not the best move. P— Kt6 . P— K t6 . K — K t i . 33. B x B BxR KtxQP He must lose another piece. . Q x Pch.. 36 B x Q .. Q— R6ch. while 36 Q— B4. or 37 K — K i. Q x P . 30 B— Kt4ch.. 35. P x B 31. Q x B . R— B i . K t— Kt2 27. 30. 38 K— K2 (K— K i . 39 K— B i. . 34 B— K6. 38 K — K ti. R x B . . 37 Q— Q2» Q— R8ch. . R— K tic h . when Black has little hope of saving the game.. .).). P— Kt6ch. 38 K — K2. 29 Q— R6ch. Q— B3 .. and White will have two bishops for rook and pawn. 28. would be answered by Q— R8 ch. 35 B— B2. . 30 R— B i. Q x Qch.. for if 27 . his pawns should give him at least a draw. P— Q5 B— B3 B xP He prefers a fighting line.

41 Q— Q8 Mate. R— R4 Mate or K— Bi. . R x B .. 43.. . GAME 34 ALEKHINE—CAPABLANCA Correct was 44 Q x Pch. first. . 44.R— B i 8. 49 Kt— B4. . After 45 . This attack. 48. R— K B 4 . 39. Now Black can get out of his diffi culties. P— Kt7ch. B x B 11. P— B3 . K — B3 K— K3 R xP P— R7 Q— B6ch. 40. B— 03 9... Buenos Aires. K— K3. P— K6 For if 49.. Q— B6ch.. Kt— B3 7 . Kt— K4 2. 38. . B xR K— K ti PxB P— Kt6 B x R P . R— Kt4ch. 49. 345- Kt— KB3 p— k 3 P -Ö 4 B— K2 0— 0 QKt— Q2 p— b 3 PxP Kt— Q4 Q xB If 11 0 — O. 47 K— Kti. Q— Ksch. 51 Q—B7 Mate. White can no longer answer 45 K— R2 be cause of 45 . P— K4. 37. 47 K x P . K— B4 . defending the bishop. Black frees his game with Kt x Kt . how ever. . leads to a drawish position .ALEKHINE— CAPABLANCA 105 would allow 36 Q x QRP with a terrific attack.). 40 Q— R8ch. 50 Q— R5ch. Q x Q . 49 R— B7ch. . 22nd match game. QxRP Q— R8ch. 47. A titanic struggle from start to finish. . White has consolidated his position. 1927.B x P 10. Q x P . 45. P illsbury A ttack The point. Q— Kt6ch. K— ¿2 .. 36. Q— K8ch. Q— K3 R— K ti Q— B3 R— KB4 Or 48 . 46... Missing his opportunity. Q— R6ch. K xP P— R6ch. and Black with his material inferiority cannot afford moves like P— Kt3. 12 R x Kt.. Q xBch... 47 B x R . R— Kt 4ch. Q xP K— R i R —QBi R— Q4 K— Q2 Q— Qsch. with very good chances. Resigns. K— Q4 . The text move. however. 39 R— Qi. 48 K— Ri. Now it is easy for White. 46 K— K ti (K— R3.P— K7. 48 P— 0 4 P -Q B 4 Kt— QB3 B — Kt5 P— k 3 6. . 38 Q xQRP. 44. 41 • 42. I. leads no where and now the Black pawns begin to fall. R— Q3 Not 37 . Q x B ch . 49 K— Kti.

io 6

BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD

unless he can play O— O first because of the check on his QKty. 11. Kt(4)— B3

19. 20.

Kt— Kts P— KR3 Kt(5)— K 4 K — K2

If Kt(2)— B3 he not only reduces his chances of playing P— K4 or P— QB4 later but his advanced knight would be a target for the White KP. 12. 1314. 15. Kt— Kt3 Q— Q2 KxQ K R -Q i Q— Ktsch. QxQch. R— Qi

If 20 . . ., P— QB4; 21 P— B4, P x Pch.; 22 R x P, with by far the freer game. 21. 22. P— B4 Kt— B3 P— KB4 Kt— B2 be

Now P— QB4 would answered by 23 P— Q5. 23. 24.

Kt(Kt)— K2 P— KKt4 P— KR4 P— Kts

Better than 15 B— Q3, P— K 4; 16 P x P , Kt— K ts ; 17 P — K6, Kt(2)— K4 ; 18 K t x Kt, K t x K t ; 19 P x P ch ., K x P ; 20 R— B3, P— QKt4 ; as in the 20th game of the match. Now if 15 . . ., P— K 4 ; 16 K— K2, P x P (P— K 5 ; 17 K t— K t5 ); 17 R x P , with considerable pressure.

P x P would lead to a prob able draw after 25 R— KRi, R— K K t i ; 26 R x P , R x P ; 27 R xP, QR— K K t i ; but not 25 . . ., P— B 4 ; 26 R x P , B x P ; 27 R— KKti, R— K K t i ; 28 R x P , B— Kt2 ; 29 R— R7ch., winning a piece. 25. 26. Kt— Kt3 B— Kt3 P— QR4 QR— B i

1516. P— K4

P— QKt3

Here K— K2 would not be sufficiently aggressive, Black getting a solid position by 16 . . ., B— K t2 ; 17 R— Q2, K— B i ; 18 R(B)— Qi, K— K2; 19 P— K4, P— KR3. 16. 17. P— K5 B— Kt2 Kt— K i

If 26 . . ., P— K t4 ; 27 P— Q5 (P— R4, P— Kts ; 28 Kt (B)— K2, QR— B i ; 29 R— B2, Kt— Q4ch.; with equality), BP x P ( Kt xP ch . ; 28 B xKt, BP x B ; 29 Kt xKtP) ; 28 Kt(B) — K2, QR— B i ; 29 Kt— Q4, with positional compensation for the pawn, as in the 24th game of the match. 27. 28. 29. P— R3 R— B i R— Q2 B— R i R(2)— QB2 P— B4

Against Kt— K4— Q6. 18. K— K3 K— B i

Allowing White to get his knights on aggressive squares. Preferable was P— KR3.

Not 29 . . ., Kt— Q4ch.; 30 Kt x Kt, KP x Kt (forced); 31 B xP . Black now seeks to break out of his constricted position.

ALEKHINE— CAPABLANCA

IO7

30. P x P 31. Kt— R4

K tx P Kt(2)— R3

**Not 31 . . Kt x B ; 32 R xK tch., R x R ; 33 R xR ch., K— Q i ; 34 R— B3, Kt— R8 (Kt— B4 ; 35 K t x KtP, win ning) J 35 K t xK tP , B— Kt2 ; 36 Kt— Kz, R— B2 ; 37 K t— Q4 (threatening R— Bi), R— B 2 ; 38 K t x Pch., wins.
**

(BLACK) CAPA BLA N CA

attempt by White to make quick use of his rooks on the QB file leads to an ending in Black’s favour, as for example 35 P— Kt4, P x P ; 36 P x P , K t x P ; 37 R x Kt, R— R6ch.; 38 R (5 )-B 3 (K -B 2 , K t - Q 6ch.), R x R c h . ; 39 R x R , K t — Q4ch.; or35 R x K t , K t x R ; 36 R xK t, KR — B i ; 37 R x R , R x R . White must therefore play 35 R— Qi, a change of file which is less effective when Black can oppose rooks, as he can after 34 . . ., R xKt, than in the game as played when White controls the file. How ever, Alekhine suggested R x K t ; 35 K t— K2, by-passing the dangers. 35. R— B3 36. P x R 37. R— Qi RxRch. R x Kt R— K B i

(WHITE) A L EK H IN E

He must withdraw his king from the defence of the BP, for if K t— Kt2, the rook comes in at QKt6 after 38 R— Q Kti. 38. R— Q6ch. K— K2 39. R x P K t— B2 40. R— R7ch. Black threatens Kt— Kt4 or Kt— Q4, but now White is able to force the king back further, since if 40 . . . , R— B2 ; 41 K txP ch. 40. 41. P— B4 K— Qi K t(2 )-K 3

**Position before White's 32nd move.
**

( D ia g r a m 44)

32. B x P A brilliant effort to force a win. The likely looking 32 K t x KtP, loses a piece by R— Q K ti; 3 3 K tx B , R xB ch. 32. K xB 33. K t x KtP R— Q K ti White threatened P— Kt434. K t x B R— Kt6ch. Missing his best chance, which was R x K t , for any

Preparing the counter measure 42 . . ., K t x P ; 43 K x K t , Kt— K 3ch.; 44 K— K 3, P— B5CI1.; but White pre vents the manoeuvre by

io 8

BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD

threatening to exchange off the rooks by R— R8ch. Neverthe less, the best reply was 42 Kt— K2. 42. 43. 44. R— R7 RxP P— R5 Kt— B2 Kt(4) - K 3 K— Q2

Fighting for a win, but now the pawns begin to fall. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. K— K4 R— R7ch. R— R6ch. R— R7ch. R— R6ch. P— R4 R— R6 R x BP R— B8 K— B3 K— Q2 K— K3 K— K2 Kt— Q2

Still not Kt x P ; 45 K x Kt, Kt— K3ch.; 46 K— K3, P— Bsch.; 47 K— K4, P x K t ; 48 R— R8ch.

45 - P— R6

46. 47 48. 49. 50.

KxKt K— K3 K— B2 KxP R— Q5ch.

Kt x P Kt— K3ch. P— Bsch. PxKtch. R— K R i K— K2

After R— R5, to prevent Kt — B4CI1. and also the loss of the KP, Black can play K— K3. 67. 68. 69. 70. 7 i72. 73 74 K -Q 4 P— R 5 R— R7ch. P— R6 P— R7 R— QKt7 R— Kt2 R— K8ch. Kt x P Kt x P K -Q 3 R— QR8 Kt— B3 Kt— Q2

Not K— B3 ; 51 R— Q6ch. Black's defence against White's widely spread pawns has to be extremely exact. Fortunately for him each one is isolated. Si-

52 . 5354 5556. 57-

P -B 5 P— B6 R— B5 K xP K— B3 P— Kt4 R -Q 5

RxP Kt— B i K -Q i R— Kt3ch. K— B2 Kt— K3 Kt— B i

Bowing to the inevitable and admitting that he cannot win. Now, Black in turn tries to win, but his hope is a forlorn one for it must depend on a White blunder.

7475 - R -Q 2

Better than K x P ; 58 R— Q6ch., K— Kt4 ; 59 K— K3, and Black’s two pieces are com pletely tied up, since he dare not risk 59 . . ., Kt— B i ; 60 R x R, Kt x R ; and the pawns cannot be held. 58. 60. R— B5 R— R5

59* R— Q5

Kt— K3 Kt— B i

RxP Kt— B4 76. K— B4 dis. ch. K— B3 77- R— KR2 R— Rsch. R— KKt5 78. K— B3 R— Kt6 79 - K -Q 2 K— Kt4 80. R— R 5 K— B5 81. K— K2 82. R— R4ch. K— B6 R -Q 6 83. K— B2 84. R— KB4 K— Q7 R—Q4 85. K— Kt2 K -Q 6 86. K— B3 Drawn.

The text move frees the White knight from the defence of his QP. 1929. 10. and the White centre goes to pieces . PxB K— R i Kt— Q2 P— KB4 KR— K ti I f Q x B . leads to a great battle. P— QR4 8. 9. 15. 4. Q— B 7. Nimzowitch (1886-1935). 16 Kt— B6.. 15 K t(3 )-K t5. though Alekhine sub If now 16 P— K4. holding the gambit pawn. 12 Q x K t . a Russian who adopted Denmark as his native country. 3. but it remains without much future even so. 14 Kt— K4. His style was so unusual that for a time he was regarded as a Hypermodern. 8. . P— K 4. O— O . 17 B— K4.I n d ia n D e f e n c e sequently suggested the brilliant continuation 10 . 11 Q x R . 13. with a position suffi cient to deter Black from trying the line. and Black must recover his rook with a strong game. PxB The alternative answer to the threat of Kt— K4 fails by 13. his best result being the 1st prize at Carlsbad. 1928. K— R i .. . Kt— B3 7.. first came into prominence early in the twentieth century. P x K t . P x P . B x K t PxP P— Kt4 P— B3 12. 2. P— KKt3 P— QR3 1. but in fact he was an original thinker and iconoclast and became a great teacher. 56. 9 P x P . 16. Black’s play. as a result of which White’s bishop on the long diag onal will bite on thin air. Q— B i Q— R6 O— O B x Kt Not P— K3 because he wants to take advantage of Black's weakness on the long diagonal. 5- P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 Q— B2 B -K t5 Kt— KB3 P— k 3 B— Kts P— Q4 Beginning an unexpected manoeuvre. 11.CAPABLANCA— NIMZ0 W1TCH 109 A. but never obtained the match for the world title to which he was generally regarded as entitled.. B x K t . 14. GAME 35 CAPABLAN CA— NIMZOWITCH Kissingen tournament. He was always highly placed in tournaments. B— K2 . 10 Q— K4. B— Kt2 O— O R— R2 R — Q2 A move proved inferior for the first time in this game. Q— K t3 . N im zo .

17. Kt— B5 . 22 Q— R3 (QxP. P— R3. R— Q3. 26.. 3 1. 27. 20 Q— B i. 20. threatening 27 . Q . Kt— Q4. Q— B4 BxP Q— Q2 A further error. P— B3. 24. for White must now lose the exchange. R x K t . by not forcing exchanges after obtain ing a material advantage. winning. 28 P x R . 18. for though the pawns look strong. Q— R 6ch. 26 Kt— B6). 26 P— B3. P x P . KtxP). A final misjudgment. P x P . . Q— Q3. 19 Kt— K5. R x P . . PxBP Kt— B3 BxP But now Black begins to go wrong. R— Q i P— Q5 K— K ti Q xP The only way to get freedom in the centre. 24 B x B. B x P .. 21 Q— b 3. 19. 16. P x K t . 20 KtxPch. 19 P x P .. A less ag gressive line would lead to slow suffocation. B x K t . R x P . The full subtlety . 25. 23. 23 Q— K5ch. . White has now a passed pawn which enables him to fight back with magnificent virtuosity. P— B3 Q— KKt2 A fighting reply. for if 23 Kt x KP. 23. R— Kt5). Kt x Kt Kt— Kt3 KtxB R— Kt3ch. If 25 K— R i (K— Bi. P x P . R— K tich . 18 P x P . curiously enough in the same way as Mieses did against Capablanca in Game 28. 20 Kt— B3. Kt— Q4 . for if 18 Q— R5. Kt— B3 Q -K 3 R— Q3 He must try and hold what centre he has. winning easily. (Q— B3. 24 Q x P (forced). R(3)— Kt3). Now if 17 K t x P . 28. but more decisive was 21 . winning.. R— Q6. Now the game be comes very critical. Q— Q4 (not R— Kt5 . R— K i . P— K4 25 B— Kt2 (K— R i. and the Black pawns will win. 26 Q x B . 20. Kt— Q2 P— Kt4 P— K5 Kt— Q2 The climax of Black’s play. R— Q 3 . 21. making Black’s extra pawn valueless. R xB BxR P— KB4 Threatening R— Kt5 followed b yP — B5. 18 R x Kt. B x P . 22. B x K t . Now White threatens 17 Kt x P. K— B2 PxP Q— B3 BP x P The natural move and good enough. 25.). 18. 18 Q— K3. R x K t . . r .B 3 . 27 Q— R5. 19 Kt— Kts.no BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD after 17 K P x P . 29. P x P . 23 Q— K3. 21 Q x R. [Diagram 45] 30. . Q— K t4 . . Bet ter was 27 . .k 3. Q— Q3 was essential. Kt— B5 .

40 Q— K 7ch. R x Q .. Q— Kt3ch. . P— B 8 = Q .. . . 35 . Q x K t .. 38 Q x R . K t x P Q— B3 P— B6 P— B7 Of course not Q x K t . 37 P— Q8-Qch. . but there is more to it.. P— Q7 34. 36.R— Q6 A big surprise. 3 ch. Q . 38 Q— B7. Q— K5 RxKt Of course not 36 . 39 Qx Q . 37 RxRch. for example.Q— K8ch. so that Black’s move is the most reasonable one. R x Q . 36 Qx Q . 41 P— Q8=Q. K— R3 . 39 Q x P . The point. 37 P— Q8=Q.K 4 .. 36 P . Other lines lead only to a probable draw . P— Q6 33. 3738. R— Kt4 (not Q— Kt3ch. 32. . 36 . Of course 37 Q x R would lose. 38 R x R(8)ch. . The tame 35 R— QBi. 37. . ( D ia g r a m 45) 35Q— Q1 Threatening R x R and still anticipating a won game. ..CAPABLANCA— NIMZOWITCH (BLACK) [ N1MZCWITCH III Q -Q 4 ). 38 Q— Kt7Mate. Q x R . P— B 8 = Q .. P— B8 = Q . of White’s recovery has still to appear. White uses his passed pawn with magnificent effect.. 35 QxQ. 36 P . so Black must submit to the draw by perpetual check. Now if 37 . . nor R— Kt4 . would lose by 35 . R— B i Drawn. 35.Q 8 = Qch. R x K t . or 35 . 3 6 K t x Q . K— Kt2. 38 RxRch. . P x R . .. R x K t . R x R . R— B i. R x Q . 35 R— Q5.. RxRch. 37 K— Kt2. .K t (WHITE) CAPABLANCA Position before White's 30th move. The text appears finally to break White’s attack. 36 R x R. and White actually wins. P x R .

1928. Q x K P . P x K t R— R3 14. Kt— QB3 Kt— KB3 4. then 12 Q x Kt. only to lose it again two years later. 7. 12. 16. P il l s b u r y A t t a c k A double-edged move. Euwe (b. 12.. 10. PxKt K— Kt2 Q— Kt4 P— K4 is impossible because of the loss of the QP. 1901). The more orthodox play would be to operate on the Q side by P— B5 and P— QKt4— Kt5. 6. One of his best results was his 1st prize at London.112 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD M. the Dutch master. 15. But prob ably a quieter line like Kt— Kt4 would in the end have proved more effective. 18 K— K i. then R— R7CI1. R— K t3 18. 17. (Pronunciation :— Erver. A player of deep and accurate positional sense. K t x K t . 1946. QxPch. 17. Black could at once continue with P— KKt4— Kt5. won the world cham pionship from Alekhine in 1935. Q— B2 B— K2 Kt— K5 Q xB P— KB4 i- A solid variation in which he will labour under the permanent disadvantages of weak Black squares and a confined bishop. P— KKt3 To prevent Q— R5. O— O 0— O R— B3 A bold sacrifice designed to take advantage of the weakness White has permitted.) GAME 36 EUWE— BOGOLYUBOV 8th match game. and if first 11 . he has persistently won prizes in master tournaments. He permanently prevents P— K4 but has to allow some weaken ing of his position on the K side. though often just failing to win the 1st prize. P— B4 P x KtP .. B x B 9. 19 P— B4. P— B3 B— Q2 Kt x P P— Q4 P— Q4 2. Were he to permit Q— R5 and then play P— R3. P— K 3 P— b 3 6. P— KKt4 Q x P 19. QKt x Kt 13. . . Kt— B3 8. P -Q R 3 Preventing the Cambridge Springs Defence. B— K t5 QKt— Q2 5. 14. P— QB4 P— k 3 3. Kt— K5 If K— B2. again prevents P— K4. B— K2 ix.

30. Q— R4 27. If 35 Q xP . 21.. Q— R2). 29. 26. 32 Kt— R4 (not R— Kt6. 30 Q x R . Better was 30 K R — QKti (not QR— QKti. 34 R x B. 24 R— Rich. and White holds the Q side. with a great advantage. 32 K t— B3.. 24. Kt— Kt3 P— Kt4 Q— R2 Preparing for 22 R— R i with the threat of 23 R x P. 25.. R— R i i Black’s manœuvre has suc ceeded in making White halt his initiative. 36 Q x R. P— QB5 Q— K t3 R— R i QR— K B i R— K B i Q— Qi P— KR4 R— R3 P— QKt3 He cannot prevent Black’s queen coming back into the game. 31. 35 R x R . with good chances. R x R . Q— R2 . with a draw by perpetual check. 30. for if KR— QBi.. K t— K2 32. 20. 33. R x R . 29RXP.. P x RP . RP X (W HITE) EU W E Position before White's 34th move. with . 31 RP x P. Q— Kt5 6— R i P— R4 B— K i If Kt x P. Q x R P . Q—0 3 21. R P x P . Q x P . R x P A most critical position. 31QR— Q Kti. 33P— R5 (BLACK) BO G O LYU BO V I f R P x P . QxBP P— B5 Black is entirely without pros pects unless he can open some more lines. P— QR5). Q— R2 . 30 K t x P .) . P— K t4 . 32 P x P. It was based on the line 30. 31 RP x P. wins. If 29 K t— R4. K t P x P Q— K ti This fails to keep Black con tained. 23. Q— B 6ch. 32. 25 Q xR. threatening Q— Q7. K x R . Q— K 6. R— B i (against 31 B— R7CI1. P— Kt4 Q— Kt3 P . 31 K t— R4. B— Q3 28. Q x B .EUWE— BOGOLYUBOV M3 To prevent 20 P— Kt5 and 21 B -R 5 . 22. B x K t . (D ia g r a m 46) 34. White is now beginning to recover the initiative. K — K ti. 29. and Black can not get out. P x P .

43 R x P . R— B2 .wins).R 7 . then P x Rch. Black plays P— R6ch. 42 B— Kt6 (P— R7. 34. Q— K8 ch. ch.. Q x B . 1885). 37 P x P . 37 P— B6. If White here tries to continue his attack at once with P— B6. wins. Q— Kt7ch. Q x B c h . was one of his best results. 38 K— K2. 3* B— Kt5 . Q— K B7. 38 K— K ti. has one small flaw. 40 P— B6. 40 K x P.. 39Q x Q.. .. 36 K— R i.. for then P x K t .. Q— K6 . 39 R— Kt2. P— B4 .114 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD both players on the attack. Q— KB7Mate). Q— B6ch. and Black must take a perpetual check. 35 R x R. 38 Kt— K2 (R— K K ti. R— B2 . Alternatively in this variation. P x Qch. 36 K — R i. 39 R— R i. Drawn. P . Q— Q7ch. Nor is 34 Q x K tP any better. 1932. R x P ch . IDs victory at Bad Sliac. 35. R(3) x Pch .. GAME 37 VIDMAR— EUWE Q u e en ’s P aw n G am e 1.. R— R7ch. Vidmar (b. 37 K— B i. Q— KB7ch. P— Kt7ch. 38 K x Q ... 1929.. Probably best is simply 34 Kt— K2.. 40 K— K i... Kt— KB3 P— KKt3 Carlsbad tournament. R x P ch . Q— K t7ch. came into promi nence early in the twentieth century and was for thirty years a consistent prizewinner in master tournaments. A very keen-edged battle. which looks strong. 38 Q x K t P . R xR 35. The text. 36 P— B6.B 6 If Q x R . 39 K — K3 ?. 37 K— K2 (K— K i . wins. Q x K tch. 38 K— Qi. P— R 4 .. 41 P— R6. though seldom winning a 1st prize.. P— Q5. M. B— B3 . P— Q5 dis. 37 Q x P. K xR Q— KB7ch. Q x Qch. Q x K t . Resolving the problem by force. P— B5. or Q x KP is dangerous. 36 P x R. P— B4.P . B— B3).. P— Q4 Kt— KB3 2. 36 Q x P . Q— B6 . 35 K— B i (not K— R2. R— B6 Mate). 39 K— B i. P x R . Q— KB7CI1. wins. Q— R2 . 35 Kt— B4. and White will have difficulty in saving the game. of Yugoslav nationality. Q— B6ch. if White tries 35 R x P. Not 37 K— R i.. 36.

R x R . 13. and if R— B8 . . 11.3i Q— K7. 6. B x Kt. P— QR4 Now BxP would answered by Kt— R4. 910. 3 o K tx R . RxRch. 20. 22. R— B8 . B— Kta P— Q4 would allow White to establish himself strongly on his K5. 13. 29 B— Q3. 23. 16. 3. offered fewer possibilities. 25P— R3 QR— QBi R (Q )-Q i 0 —0 If P x P .. B -Q 3 0— 0 B— KB4 P— b 3 Q— Kt3 P— Kt3 B— Kt2 P— k r 3 P -Q 3 Kt— R4 White allows a certain amount of disruption in his pawn position to obtain open lines for his pieces. but now his QP is weak. for then 27 Q xR P . winning the knight. 26. B— B6. 28 R x B . 14. Q— Bsch. R(5)— B2 . Q— R3 R— Q2 Kt— Kt3 BPxKt P— KKt4 P— B5 PxP R— K i Kt— B4 Q— K2 KtxKt KR— B i R— B2 KPxP P— KKt4 Q— B3 4 . 10. PxP PxP P— K3 Black cannot have the threat of B x P hanging over him in definitely. 5. and he threatens P— Kt5. 12. It was better to play for equality with Q x KtP . 26. 32 K— Bi. 17. 12 K t x P . 29 . The safe 10 B— Kt3. QR— Qi B— K ti Kt— B3 be Of course if 25 Q x RP. 19. 24. B— R i ( B x P . Black will control the long diagonal. 78. R— B5 P— Q5 He can no longer stand the threat of B x K t . 18. K t x B . n RPx Kt. Q — B8. and Black can only give White an isolated pawn at the cost of his valuable KB.VIDMAR— EU WE 115 Kt— K4 Kt— K2 An unorthodox development of the bishop which almost in evitably leads to giving up the bishop for the knight. pk3 15.QKt— Q2 P— B4 If P— K4. Some what better was R(Q)— K2. 29 Q— R4. 25. 21. 28 Q— Q7 (not B— Q3. White is now on the de fensive and Black's superior de velopment begins to tell. B xP) . 5. because of P— B5. KtxB PxKt The immediate disruption of his K side pawns has been averted. 26 R— K8ch. with nothing more than perpetual check) . fol lowed by P— Q4. White can not answer the text move with 12 B x P. R— B 8 . . 27 R x R.

33 Q x B. 1929. R x Bch.ii6 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R x R (not R— K8ch. 27. 35. P il l s b u r y A t t a c k Position before White's 29th move. 32 P x B . 36. Kt— Bsdis. (b l a c k ) e u w e GAME 38 ALEKHINE-BOGOLYUBOV (w h it e ) v id m a r n th match game.. B— Bi). . K t x R 31.). ch. Q x KtP . ( D ia g r a m 47) 29. 29 Kt— K4. Kt— Q2 K— R i Q— Q5ch. Q— B8 . Q— B8ch. K— R2. 4. 3. R x R c h . R— K8ch. R x R . R x R c h . R— B7ch. but White has seen further and now brings his own still more beautiful combination into effect. Kt x QP 32. 30 Q— K8ch. P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 Kt— B3 B— K t5 P— K4 Kt— KB3 P— B3 P— K 3 P— Q4 QKt— Q2 The key to Black’s combina- A bold method of avoiding . 2. B— K4 30. 36 R x Pch. Q— B5 1. K — K ti 37. An apparently inescapable mate on the move is threatened. K x P . 31 K t x R . K x B 33.. 6. B— B i Clearly not K— R2 . 31 P— B6 dis. (B— Q3.. ch. A galling resignation when he is still left threatening his own mate on the move. 30 Q x QP. K— R i RxB QxBP B x Pch. Q x B . 28. 5. but Black sees mating pos sibilities by means of a com binative assault on the White king. Better was simply R(5)— B2 . B— B i . 35 Q— Q3ch. QxQP tion. and a draw is almost certain. For this exquisite piece of play Vidmar was awarded a brilliancy prize. It is mate next move. 33 K t x R . 34. Weisbaden. 32 Q— K8ch. KxR Of course if K— Kt2 . Resigns. . QxKtch.

24 R x Q. 20. K t— Kt7ch.ALEKHINE— BOGOLYÜBOV the Cambridge Springs De fence. P x K t 9. B— Q3 Sacrificing a pawn to secure open lines for his bishops and rooks. R— K2 P— Kt3 . 14 B— R6 and the threat of B— Kt7 followed by B xBP ties up Black com pletely. 10. K K i (K— B i . so White gives up a second pawn to keep the pot boiling. Kt x P PxKP Q— Kt3 (BLACK ) BOG O LYÜ BO V Q— R4ch. and Black has a good game. with advantage. 23 R— Kt5 dis. 22. 8. P x R . R— K4 R— K K ti 17. 15. for then 12 R— Kich. It is rare to get such a tense situation so early in a Queen’s Pawn opening. 0 — O PxP B— K2 (W HITE) AL E K H IN E Position before White’s 18th move.. 23 K R x B . R— K i K t— B i 13. R— K5 Better than 20 R— K ti. Kt— R5 B— K2 [Diagram 48] 18. (D ia g r a m He has no time for P— QB4. R— K ti Q— R4 I f Q x R . 20. 6. 11. 24 B x P. Q— Qi (Q— Q3 .... 20 B— KB4. 21 R— Kti. would avoid the break-up of his K side pawns. 24 R x B ) . 22 B— QR6. K t x R . K — Q i . 12.. ch. P— B5 P— KB4 QxKtP 48) He has now no option but to accept the offer. 23 Q x Pch. Kt— Kt3 Not liking P— B3 . 21. 21 RxKtPch. 22 B x Q. KtxKtch. K— B i . B— B i P— K4 10. Q x P .. 21 R x Pch. 25 Q -K 2 . 18. K t x R . 23 K R x B . B— K2 . 19. If Q— B2 . P— QKt4 Black has now somewhat con solidated his position. 7. K — Q2 16. Kt— B i . 14 B— B4). 13 Q— K2. Kt— R4 B— K 3 14. Q— B i . Kt x R . B x R . Kt— B5 B— Kt5 Hoping to castle on the Q side with a good game. Q— R4 > 22 R xPch.

44. . but Kt— R5 was still a better move. defending the pawn and threatening a dangerous attack by Kt x Pch. Q— K i B— QKt4 QxB Another stage of consolida tion is achieved. 33 34- R xR R xP Q—^ 4 Q— R2 R— R7ch. Q— Kt8 ] and White cannot continue with 45 B x K t . P— R5 29. K— Q2 By careful play Black has now practically consolidated his position again and his extra pawns begin to look formidable. B— Kt 4ch. Q— R5 37. R— K ti Q— Kt2 B -Q 2 Q— Kt6 K -Q 3 The first pawn is recovered elegantly. 23. nor B x R P . 37 Q xQ . 36. . 25. Kt— Kt7 R— Kt3 R— Kt2 B— B3 Q -Q 4 If 44 B— QB4. 42. P— B3 Black has succeeded in sim plifying the position and is still . 35 B— R6ch. .i i 8 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Of course not B x B P . 24. B— Q2 K— B2 Q— R i PxP R xR But here Black misses a chance of shutting in the White bishop and opening for his own use the diagonal which White has been forced to weaken. 46 K x Q . PxP PxP R(K)— Kt2 QR— K ti B— B i P— B4 23 23 There is nothing in 39 Kt— K8ch. R— Kt5 28. KtxP 30 Si32 . 35* Q— R6ch. Q x Q c h . 38. 3° R— R5... 39. The king is covered and a White bishop tied down by a mating threat. 46 R— Q6ch. Kt— B6ch.. 26. BxPch. winning. R x Q . for then 43 B— K4. 39. in the hope of B x B . 45. K— K i . P— Q6 was much better and would prevent White’s next move. with a strong attack against the exposed king.. K— Q2. so White plans to open the QKt file thus deriving what advant age he can from his superior de velopment. BxBch. 38 R— R8ch. Black cannot answer with Kt x Kt. K— Q i . P— QR4 27. 36 B— Rsch. Q— R i Kt— K2 If P— R 5 . 3 1 B— QKt5. 46. . To prevent K t x P followed by B— K4. 43. 41. 42. because of 45 . 44. Q— B 3 . 40. Black rightly considers that a lead of two pawns is sufficient.. B— Q3 B— Q i And here Kt— R5. was more promising. R— R6ch. Q -K B i R— R i Q— Kt6 Kt— Q4 Not K— B i .

. The game is now an inevitable draw. K — Kt3 . Q— R^ch. B x R K -Q 2 K—B i RxR ch.. 55. No world championship match ever produced a finer struggle than this. K x B . 63. 57.. 54 R— K t3ch. R— Bich. 53 RxPch. K t— B6 If K— K t3 . Q— R3 Q— B3 Q -K K t3 K— B3 51. 53 Q x R . Q— B8ch. 62. Q— Kt3 48. Q— Kt8. threatening both R— R i Mate and Q x Kt. B— Q2 56. KtxPch.. 61.Q— R8ch. 5354* Q— R+ch. 52 B— Rsch. Q— Ktsch. 58. 58 Q— K 4ch. 52. . and winning the rook. 53. The combination is delightfully contrived. Not yet B— Q2.ALEKHÎNÊ— BOGOLYUBOV II9 a pawn ahead. G— Q3 Q xQ K— B2 K — Kt2 K — R2 K — Kt2 B— K t3 Q— K t3 BPxQ K— B3 49. Q— Q3 (b l a c k ) BOG OLYU BO V (WHITE) AL EK H IN E Position before White's 49th move. so White now switches his attack suddenly to the other flank. And with a brilliant stroke he recovers the second pawn. 58 Q— B6ch. (D ia g r a m 49) If Q— Kt8 . Q— K8ch. 60. 59. B— B2 Drawn. preventing Q— Kt8ch.). 47. P x Kt 50. 57 Q— K8ch. B— Qi (K— Kt2 . for then R x Rch. Q— Ktsch. 46. 54 B x R. B x K t R— Kt8 Not P x B .. 49.

B x K t P— QKt4 Bled tournament. threatening P— K4— K5 with a fine game.P— k 3 5. 13. GAME 39 SPIELMANN—STOLTZ H B— Q3. He is a pawn ahead and Black’s king is fixed in the centre.120 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R. Q u e e n ’s G a m b it P— Q4 Kt— KB3 3. B— K5 21. Stoltz (b. He was an Austrian. has some compensation in his pres . though a pawn up. 2. His greatest success was winning the big tourna ment at Semmering. White. P x Q . P— B4 B x Kt B x Kt White has won the first round. Q xB Q— B3 A move generally deferred in order to avoid losing a move with the bishop. 0— 0 7. P— QKt4 12.K 2 P -Q 4 Kt— KB3 PxP P— K3 P— B4 Kt— B3 P -Q R 3 B— K2 The point. In style he was a romantic and reverted to the gambits of an earlier age. 18 B x P . 14.P— B4 4. 15. 9. Black. P— K4 19. 19 B— K5. 17. 1718. Kt x Kt BxP Q— B2 B— Q3 Kt— K4 If 17 Q x Q . 1910) is a young Swedish player who first appeared about 1930 and was at once successful in international competitions.Kt— B3 8. I. Black must sub mit to the disruption of his K side pawns. R— K K t i . 1931.B x P 6. 16. B— Kt 2. however.R— Q Bi. KR— K i Q— Q4 Q— b 3 R— K K ti B— Kt2 Initiating a plan to reinforce the advantage of a move which he has already gained. 15 Q— B3. Spielmann (1883-1942) was another of the young masters who began to make a name for themselves early in the twentieth century. B— Kt2 13. would have diminished winning chances be cause of the bishops of opposite colours. 20R— B2. G. P— QR3 11. P x P 10. Q . 1926. B x P 20. B x B 16.

which in conjunction with the doubling of the rooks on the Q file would threaten mate on his Qi. White is not pre pared to forgo his attempts to win and evolves a plan based upon drawing the bishop from its . 24. K— Q i . Q— B2 R— B5 B— R6 (b l a c k ) STOLTZ B—B6 is again threatened. with advantage. 34. ( D i a g r a m 50) 36. 29. 37 Q x R . which looks strong.. leaves the KP undefended and after Black's reply there is no more than a draw in the game. 3oBxRdis. 28.SPIELMANN— STOLTZ 121 sure on the long diagonal and his control of the QB file.Q— B2 Q— K2 R— Kt5 R(5)— Kt3 To prevent an attack by B— B6. QR— Qi R— QBi Not 22 QR— B i. R— Q2 30. draws easily. Q x R . R x R c h . 22. Q— B4 Now if 36 B— B6. R— K B i R— QB3 B— B i Q— Kt4 Position before White's 36th move. 24 K — B2. 31. Q— B4 27. P— Kt3 Q— B7 R— Kt3 Correct was B— B4. The inability of White’s K P to advance owing to his weakness on the long diagonal is now a powerful counter-weight to the extra pawn. 23. 32QxPMate.Q— Q4 35. . B x R .. P— B5 25. The text move. 26. 29 P x Q . R(i) X P . Of course Black will not fall in to Q x B . K x Q . 32. 31 B— B5. 21. Q— B5 Q— K3 Q— K t5 (WHITE) SPIELMANN White is prepared to allow the exchange of queens only if he can get his KP on to the B file. 22.ch.. R x B . If Black replies Q x Q . and the threat of R— K7 is difficult to meet. Q— B2 31.Q 6 28. R . Q x P PxP Q— B3 Forced by the threat of B— B6. 23 RxQ. R— B7ch. 39 K x B . R x P . Q— B4 33. 25 E — K3. 38 QxQch. R x R .

K— B 3 . 48. Not B x Q. 47 Q— B6ch. R— Q3 A last trap. 38.Q— B3 46. R— B3 41. 39. P— KR4 P— K5 P— K6 P— KR4 R— K7 PxP Q x R . 52 Q— Q3ch. K x B 40. then R— K t7ch. 49 Q— B6ch„ R— B3 . he no longer threatens mate in one and White can play 47 Q— B6.122 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD present diagonal by sacrificing the rook. An Not R (3)— Q7 at once because White is in zugswang. 38. K — Kt2 .. 53 Q— Q6ch. R(B)— K t7ch.) . K— Kt2 . 48 Q— Q8ch. 51. K— K2 (R— B i is no longer possible) .. K— Kt2 43. 46 Q— B 5ch. White. 40 Q— Q6 Mate.. Q x B And now at the end of it all Black has proved the more cun ning and has the superior posi tion. 45.. K— Q2 (K— B i . 50. 54 Q— Qi. 47 . . 52 K— K ti.. R x Q . 39 K — B2.. 51 K — R i. winning a piece. R— B8ch.. 49. K— K ti R— QB8ch. with perpetual check. 42. K— R i All White’s other moves are exhausted. 39 B x Q . for if Q.. 46 Q— R8ch. K — K t3 .. K xR of 45 Q— K 5ch.. 51 Q— Q8ch„ K— R2 . 41. R— QB7ch. is still full of fight. R— B7 Q— K K ti By means of this mating threat Black will be able to double rooks on the 7th rank. R— B8ch.. . R— R7ch. R (3 )-K 7 .Q— R5 K— B i Again forced because of the same continuation. K — B2 Resigns. 51. 40 K— K3. . 50 Q— R i. But Black's subtle counter is to allow White to carry through the plan he has played for. K — K ti .. 39 Q— Q8ch„ K . 49 Q— Ktsch. 37. drawing. however. and Black can only avoid perpetual check by withdrawing his rook... leads to identical positions.K 3 . K x B . R— R8ch. Q— R4ch. 47.— Qi. 38 Q— Kt8ch. Q— B i R(3)— Q7 K— K ti If R x P . 48 QxPch. R— K3 . exciting game. for example. R— Q8ch. 50.. is worse).. 50 Q— Qi. 53 K— B i. 44. B— B6 BxR B— R6 For if now Q x B ( R x B . 38 Q— Kt8ch. BxQch. K — R3 . 36. If R x P . 41 P x R .

P— 0 4 P -Q 4 2. whose name is particularly associated with the form of the Queen’s Pawn Game named after him.K 3 P— k 3 4.P— b 3 5. Better was 10 Q— K2 followed by R— K i. ( D ia g r a m 51) 16. and Scarborough.P— K4 The key move of Colle’s 0 1 system of attack. and 1930. Co lle S y ste m White’s QKt and QB are un usually ineffective as a result of his 10th move.COLLE— KASHDAN I 23 E. Kashdan (b. 1516. 14. 910. P x P Q -B 2 (b l a c k ) k a s h d a n Though this gives Black an isolated pawn.QKt— 6 2 K t— B3 6. 1927. 1911) is a young American master who scored an exceptional series of successes in the early 1930’s. 15. Kt— KB3 Kt— KB3 P— B4 3. P . 10. K t— R4 B— Kt3 I. notably the 1st prizes at Gyor.0 — 0 8. 1930. 1931. which requires the use of the square K4. Q— B2 PxP B— Kt3 R— K i (WHITE) COLLE Position before Black's 16th move.Q 3 B -Q 3 0— 0 7. Kt— Kt3 12. B— KKt5 K t— K5 QR— K i B— KB4 B— K 3 Bled tournament. P x P BxP 9. K txK BP Black tries to force the issue . 11. 1926. B . and Stockholm. He won the International tournaments at Meran. 1930. Colie (1897-1932) was a brilliant Belgian master. it is not con sistent with the scheme of at tack. GAME 40 COLLE-KASHDAN 13. I.

*7 18. Q— Kt4ch. 24. 19 RxRch. K t— Q6 dis. (B x RPch. Kt— K K ts . . . K t— K4 Q -R 3 He wants to renew his at tempts to recover the piece by B— R4.. 21 R— K i. An attempt to avoid the mating threats in the above variations by 17 QB x B equally fails after 17 . The immediate threat is K t x B . 22 K x R . K t— Q4 To free the queen from the defence of the bishop. Q— B2 The situation is extremely difficult and White is very nearly in zugswang. 27 P x B . P— KKt4 and B— Kt3. K— R i . but it involves his king in considerable dangers. K t x B .. B— Kt8. K tx B ). Q x B . 18 B x B . 25 Q— Q2 would clear the air for White. 22. R x R . K t x R . 25. and if 26 K t(Q )-B 3.. QxRch. if 26 B— Kt4. BxKt KxB K — K t3 R xR R— B3 K— R3 R— K t3 B— B5 BxBch.. K t x R . K t— K K ts. R P x B . 18 P— Kt3. 2324. does nothing to ease his game. The text reply is the only one by which he can hold the piece. 19 K XQ . ( D ia g r a m 52) 26. R— K sch . 19 Kt— B3. 28 K x K t . how ever. . 19. B x B ch . 20. 21.. Q x Q c h . with advantage. Q x B . Q— B sch . and the only line that Not B x B . ' 25. R x B . but if B— R4 at once. White must therefore take the knight and if 17 Q x Kt (K x Kt. R x R . wins). Black wins either by 17 K B x B . but his position is far from happy. 18 B x B. or by 17 Kt XB. R x R .. For in stance. or 18 Q x K t . Q B x B . R— K i .. 20 RxRch. B x K t . 18 B x BPch. and if White tries to counter this threat by removing Black’s QB. 19 K — Ri. and Black threatens to recover the piece by P— KKt4. ch. coming out the exchange ahead.. B x B . R— K6ch. B— R4 (b l a c k ) k a s h d a n (w h it e ) c o l l e Position before White's 26th move. Q— K t3ch. 19 K t— B3. White has at last succeeded in holding his piece. 27 R x B . K— R i . The text move. P— KKtij.124 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD brilliantly before White can recover..

K — K4 P— K t3 K t— K2 31 RxR. P— R6 Kt— Kt3ch. ch. Black cannot reply 26 . but 27 Q— B5. He therefore plays to remove the double threat to his K3 when the Black knight moves. 28 Q— B5ch. 333435BxB Q xP K— K t3 KxQ K— K t5 Kt— Q6 K t— Bsch. he must there fore play 26 . without which the game would still be difficult to win. and virtually the end of covery of the piece either by a fine combinative game. R— K i B— Ktsch. 27. B— B5 4i.. restoring material equa lity. Nor does protection of his KB4 help White. Q -B 5 (threatening B— Ktsch. 26. for if 30 K t— K2. 48. R— B7 40. even though it costs him the ex change.. He never has the same oppor tunity again. 30. QxRPch. Now not 27 B— B5. 27 QxQch. BxPch.. K t— Q6). K x Q ... 43A beautiful move.Kt— B6 Resigns. 3i32. 34 K— B2. nor 27 Kt(Q)— B5. Q— R5ch. K— B i Another fine move which forces the exchange of queens.). 3 i R x B ( Q x B .B . . . Q x B . K t— Q6 . . 36. White therefore decides to make sure that he gets his pawn back in exchange for it. B— K7dis. Kt— Kt3. R x R . 28 K t— B5 37. K t— Bsch.K t x P Kt— K4 a check. P— K K t4 . KtxPch.. For example if in 47. K t— Kt7ch. 28 Kt(R)— B5. and so threatening 46. 33 K— Kt3. or by Q x B .Kt— Qi PxKt K txP 42. Now White’s reply is R— Kt8ch. B— Kt3 . QxQch. 33 Q x R . R— K3 R— K2 K t— K3 K t— Q6ch.K— B4 reply 30 Q— K i. then K t— Kt3 .. 35 P— Kt3.K— K t3 R x Q R P R— Kt7 White capturing the rook with 45. to prevent 44. Kt— B5 38. and much better than the immediate re nation. with good chances. P— KR4 Kt— K6 29 QxKt P. K x B .. 27. 32 K x 49. P— R5 29. 32 Q— B3. P. K — B i. R xR Taking the sting out of 1 The end of c fine combiWhite’s last move. then B x K t . P— KKt4 Q— K t4ch.B 3 RxPch. Kt— K3 R— R7 28. 36 K — K3. forced by the threat of P— K— B4 R— KB8 39Ktsch. and White has the advantage . Kt— B sch .COLLE— KASHDAN 125 promised anything was 26 B x Pch. The piece must be returned as K— B i cannot be prevented.

. his 6th and 7th moves already stand condemned.. P— Q3or6. K P x P 15. B— K K ts P— B3 Now his K K tP will be gravely weakened. If now 18 . . B x B and Q— R6ch. . 23 Q x Rch.P— K3. 16 B— Q3. 18. K — R i (against Q x P) . P x K t . 7. 22 Q— R6ch.. 16. and Black can hardly play B x B . 21 Q— Kt6. Q— Q2 O— O P— Kt3 The only defence against the two threats of Q x Pch. Should he attempt to overcome this by playing P— Q3 at once. and B x Pch.. 2. 11. 19. threatening Q— Kt5 and Q xR Pch. . 15 P x B . 21 P x B . then 9 K t— Kt5 is a very strong reply. B— QB4 P— KKt3 B— Kt2 B y his previous move Black has virtually committed him self to P— Q3 rather than P— K3. 1931. O— O— O P— K3 A sad necessity. A l e k h in e D e f e n c e He is already in trouble. B— Q3 K— Kt2 17. 3. K t— B3 8.Q— B2 BxP Q— K i 1. Q— R 2 . 9. 22 B x B ) . 21 Q— Kt6ch.— B5 K t— QB3 QPxKt K t— KB3 Kt— Q4 K t— Kt3 Kt— Q4 KtxK t K t— B3 The normal lines against the Lasker treatment of the Alekhine Defence are 6 . 14 P— K6.. QR— K ti White prosecutes the attack vigorously. but if Q— K i . 4. or B x B c h . P— KKt4 R P x P 18. 6. 5.. In fact. . 22 Q— K 4 ). B-—B4 xo. B— KR6. K t— K 4. yet after White’s reply he will be unable to play P— Q3 without losing a pawn. 20 B — R5. 20 BxBch.). but Black is not allowed time to playB— Kt2.12. 13. 19 B x P . Kt— K4 (Q— Kt2 . K t— K4 B— R3 Now the only possible de velopment for the bishop. for he is faced with a series of White moves such as P— R5. But the text move only creates a new target for White to attack. 14 B— B6. . Black’sirregular attempt to use the advanced White pawn as a target recoils horribly upon him. P— KR4 P— KR4 .126 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD GAME 41 STOLTZ-COLLE Bled tournament. K t x B 20. P x P . 14. . . K — R i (R— R i . B — K4 BxBch. but he is threatened with 13 Q— B2. K — R2 (against Q *—R 6). Q— K2 (Qx B . P— K4 P— K 5 P— QB4 P.

K — B3 (K— K ti . P x R . 29.STOLTZ— COLLE I2 7 (BLACK) COLLS In his almost hopeless posi tion Black must go all out or go under. R— K i 27. 26. 26 KR— K ti. but he would be better advised not to take it. R—QKti . 23 K B P x P . Better was the further prosecution of the attack by some such line as 21 P— R5. Q xB (WHITE) STOLTZ Position before White's 25th move. P— QB4 K t— K 4 24. which at the moment is no threat because R x Kt would be answered by QxRch.p . 27 KtX Pch. K t x BP . 24 Q— Q4°h. 23. K t x P. R x K t P x P e . 30. so having temporarily stopped the K side attack. 26 Q— B2ch. Better was the slower line 25 R— K i. seen by Black. wins. R— K B i Q— Kt7 29. . A splendid climax. BxP The real point of the combi nation. 25 R— R7ch. The first point of the combi nation as White saw it. P x P . he offers a sacrifice of the exchange. P— Q3 .. 22 P--B3. 2 4 R x K t .. 22. for it means abandoning all pressure on Black.Q— Q3 The second point of the com bination as White saw it.. P— B7 Not R x P . But un fortunately it is not quite sound and Black is given a strong passed pawn. and mates next move. 23 Q— R4. Q—83 R xR QxRch. B x R White’s attack has brought him a gain of material.. and a beautiful one. K — K ti K t— Q6ch. 26 Q— R2) . Q— B3 R— b 4 [Diagram 53] 25. 21. 28 R x P . K — K ti 28. If now QxRch. 21. Q x B 31. 27. ch. K — K t i . The threat against both rooks is met. and mates. 28 R— K l dis. leading to . P— B4 He wants to play R— K i. so he evolves a problem-like ma nœuvre to induce Black to block the diagonal himself. (D ia g r a m 53) 25... for if now R x R . 30 QxPch. P x P .

GAME 42 EUWE— YATES Hastings tournament. then R x P . R— Q8ch. Now Black has succeeded in forcing P— KB4 if he wishes. P -Q R 4 The most combinative line against the King’s Indian De fence. D. but he unwisely tries first to force the White K K t in front of the KKtP. 11 P x P P— R5 . . however hope less the situation may ap pear. but he has calculated that it is immune for the time being at least. 56. Q x R c h . 1932. [Resigns. 2. fol lowed by P— KKt4 and P— KR4. 10. there were few masters whom he did not beat in his time. 9. 4. His style displayed great tenacity and determination. 8. 10 P— KKt4. White’s reply threatens B x Kt. P— QKt3 Giving Black a point of at tack. K t— K2 . . K t— Kt3 10. 7. 3. and though he was not sufficiently consistent to win the highest prizes. p . Yates (1884-1932) was many times British champion and a frequent competitor in International tournaments. could not be avoided. P— Q4 P— QB4 K t— QB3 P -K 4 5. for if 31 K — B2. K ing ’ s I ndian D efence 1. 0 -0 B— K3 K t— B3 K K t— K2 P— K4 Q— Q2 Kt— Q2 o—o— o If White had played the usual P— Q5.b 3 K t— KB3 P— KKt3 B— Kt2 P— Q3 More in keeping with the usual forms of the opening would be 9 P— Q5. but now his centre is completely destroyed. preparing O— O— O. An object lesson in refusing to reconcile oneself to impend ing resignation.128 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 32 QxQ . followed by 11 K t— K t3. this would be correct. The threat of 3 1 . A game is never lost until it is won. 9. F.

. 28R x . White could safely reply 21 K t x R. with variations similar to the actual game but with White a QKtP to the good. 21. the only line that offers any real hope. P x B . 22. Kt x Q . and he prefers to dose the long diagonal first. . Kt x B . R x B . 26. The loss of this pawn makes it self felt later. but not 23 B xK t. Q— K4.. R x B 24. Kt— Kt 7ch. To be a major instead of a minor piece down is of small importance in such a position. P x P would be answered by 12 QxQ . 15 Q— B2. R x K t . . . 22 K— K ti. Better was Q— R4. B— R3ch. Kt x P . however. 23. B x P .. P— K5 B— B4 Playing for a rapid advance of his three united passed pawns. 14.. . 24 Q x Q.. 17. 23 Q x R (not K t x R. but would have to try 1 3 . 19. B— Q4 BxB Kt x P Q x Kt R— B i A fighting continuation. 12. so he sacrifices a piece for an attack i i . B x K t 13.. K t x R 25. 14 B— K3. for he may as well be hung for a sheep as a lamb. 13 R x Rch. .. Q x P .EUWE— YATES It is neck or nothing. and White has re duced Black’s chances of com plicating almost to nothing. The Black rook. PxRP K txP BxP K K t— B3 B— K 3 P— B4 Kt— R4 Q— B2 B— Kt2 Kt— Q5 P -Q B 3 B— Kt6 Q— K ti K t— B7 P— Q4 (WHITE) EUWE Position before White's 22nd move. 24 B— Q3. R— K i Not P— K6 because of B x B . P x B . 27 K x B. . 18. with good chances). R x Q . B x R c h . B— K3 RPxP (BLACK) YATES Stronger was R P x P and Black could hardly risk 13 . 23 B— Q4. . winning. K t x R . R x Q . 20. cannot escape. 25 R— Q2. (D ia g r a m 54) 22.. Q x Pch. B— Q3 This likely looking move gives Black a fighting chance. 15. 26 K— Qi. K x P . 13. 14 B x K t . 15 Kt— Q5. 16. 27 P xPch. 24 P x Q . Kt— R 4 .

42. keeping two 26. K x B . Q— KR3 P— B5 His only chance now lies on the K side. Q— R6ch. K — K ti Kt— Q6ch. 33. R -Q R 5 KtxQ All the White pieces have got across to the defence just in time and the game is a legiti mate draw. 30. — QKti). one to defend the pawns 27. P— B5.Kt— R4 A brilliant knight manoeuvre. KtxP 39. threatening K t— R6ch. R B4 . but White discovers an ingenious move to remain a minor piece ahead. 55. 43444546.R x Q unlikely as it seems the move K xB 35.BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 130 B. Now his Q side pawns 29. B— R i P— QKt4 and one to attack on the other 28. . 54. 51. 38. 31. 29 K — K ti. and R— QKt3 R -Q i 37. Now it is Black’s turn to fail to take full advantage of the position. K— Kt2 R— Q6 R xP 29. but R xR 34. R x P 31. Q— B3 . P— K t6. 50. 34 Q— k 3 (not K t x P. K txP The culmination of his knight manoeuvres. 40. 41. virtual equality. K t— Kt6 K txP Kt—02 KtxP K— B2 Kt— Q4 K -Q 2 K— K i R— K6ch R -K 5 Kt— K2 P— Kt4 P— B4 K— B3 P— R4 P— B5 P— R5 R— R6 P— R6 K— B2 K— K t3 The only way to defend his rook is to counter-attack Black’s rook. 36 Q x Kt. 52.B x B selected allows Black to achieve PxKt P— Kt6 36. 32.K t— B3 was better. K — B2 R— B5 R— B4 R xP R— KR4 R— R7 K— B3 P— Kts P— B6 P x Kt Drawn. At first sight he seems to recover a whole rook with a won ending. 53. If 30 P x Kt. 35 B x B . K t x R . but the move leaves him open to a multiple fork. Q— Kt3 will fall. 4950. P— QB4 pieces. If 29 Q— Qi. R— K2 P— Kt5 flank. He should play Q— . 4748.

SULTAN KHAN— ALEKHINE

131

M. Sultan Khan (b. 1905) came to Europe in 1929, and left again four years later as suddenly as he had arrived. In that time he had shown himself, for all his lack of book knowledge and inability to read any textbook, one of the world’s great masters, winning many prizes in tournaments, winning the British cham pionship and defeating Tartakower in a match.

GAME 43

SULTAN KHAN— ALEKHINE

Countering White’s pressure on his K4 and at the same time preparing the advance of his Q side pawns. 11. R— K i R— Qi Preparing an action against the QP should White play P— K4. 12. 13141516. 1718. Q— K ti P -Q R 3 B— K B i P— K3 B -Q 3 B— B3 B— Kt2 P— k r 3 P -Q R 4 Kt— K2 B— B3 Kt— Q2 p — QKt4

Folkestone team tournament, 1933(Great Britain— France) Q ueen ' s P awn G ame

1. Kt— KB3 P - Q 4 2. P - Q 4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 3- P— b 3 4- P— KKt3 Kt— B3 P— K3 5- B— Kt2 6. 0— 0 B— Q3 7- QKt— Q2 White is playing the Grunfeld Defence with a move in hand and the colours reversed ; as a result he gets less than he should from the advantage of the first move. 7. 8. P x P 9. P— Kt3 PxP 0 —0

A better way of meeting the threat of P— Kts, opening a file, was P— QR4, P— Kts ; 19 B— Kt2. As played his QB4 is weakened. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. P— R5 P— QKt4 Kt— QKt3 B— B3 K t— B5 R— R2 P— B4 Q— R i

Initiating a long struggle for control of the centre ; his plan is to control his K5 and then if possible follow with P— K4. 9. 10. B— Kt2 B— Q2 Q— K ti

P— K4 being now prevented, he makes every effort to play Kt— K5. 22. 23. B— B i 24. R— B i Kt— KKt3 Q— B2 QR— B i

132

BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD

25. R(2)— B2 Q— K tl 26. B— KKt2 R— B i 27. Kt— K i Kt— R i 28. R t x K t He wants to play P— B4 so as to win the battle for his K5, but can only do it by allowing Black a passed QBP. 28. 29. P— B4 30. K t— B3 KtPxKt K t— B2 B— K2

R4, threatening 41 R— K ti, for if 40 . . ., B x P ; 41 R— K ti, R— QKt2;42 Q— Kt2, and wins. Now Black reassumes the initia tive in this delicately balanced game. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. Not 4344. R— R2 Q— Qi Q— K B i R— KB2 P x P R xP Q— Kt2 R— B2 P— QR4, B— Kt4. B— Q3 R(i)— R2

Beginning a new counter action against his K4 by threatening P— Kt431. Kt— K5 32. B— B3 Kt— Q3

After his efforts to establish his knight he does not want to exchange it for Black’s KB, so there is no point in 32 Kt— Kt6, R— KB2 ; 33 B— B3, B— B3 ; followed by 34 . . K— R2. Instead he prepares for the im pending action on the K K t file. 32. 33. R— KKt2 34. Q— K ti 35. Q— B2 K— R2 P— Kt4 Kt— K5 R— K ti

And now if P— QR4, then B xKKtP; 45PxB,QxPch.; 46 K— Bi, Q x P ; 47 Q— Q2 (Q— K i , Q— R6ch.; 48 K— K2,Q— Q6Mate. Or47B— Kt2, R(2)— KKt2), Q— R6ch. ; 48 K— K2, R— Kt6 ; 49 B— Kt2, P— K6 ; 50 Q— B2ch., K— Kt 1 ; threatening R— Kt7ch., when the White rook moves.

An inaccuracy which should have cost him the initiative as well as a pawn. Better was B— Kt4. 36. 37. 38. 39. BxKt K txB QxP R— R i BPxB RxKt R— B2

44. Q— Kt4 45- Q— QBi R(2)— KKt2 46. R— KKt2 Now the threat of P— R4— R5 by Black prevents a Q side advance. 46. P— R4 47. B— K i P— R5 [Diagram 55] 48. K— R i If 48 P x P , Q x R c h . ; 49 R x Q , R x R c h . ; 50 K — B i, R— Kt8ch.; 51 K— K2, R(i)— Kt7ch.; 52 K— Qi, B x RP ; threatening B— Kt6, winning. 48. Q— Kts 49. R(R)— KB2 P x P

Missing his chance, as Black’s 40th move now holds up the pawns indefinitely. Correct was 39 Q— B2, R— R2 ; 40 P— Q

**SULTAN KHAN— ALEKHINE
**

(b l a c k ) ALEKHINE

133

56. K— R3 R -K 7 57- 0 — Q1 The only move to save the queen against the threat of R(8) x B, followed by R x Pch. 5758. 5960. 61. 62.

Q -R 4

K— Kt2 K— K t3 K— B4 K -K 5

R(8) x B RxPch. R(6)— K7ch. R— Kt8ch. R— B7ch. R— K t3

Black has a potential win with his passed pawns, but he (WHITE) SULTAN KHAN will have difficulty in avoiding perpetual check. The struggle Position before White’s 48th move. between Black’s winning (D ia g r a m 55) chances and White’s drawing chances is one of absorbing in Missing the decisive line. terest and intensity. Kashdan pointed out that the 63. Q-Q7ch. K— R3 correct move was 49 . . ., Q— R 64. Q— Q8 P— K6 6 ; threatening P x P , and if 50 Q— R4CI1., was threatened. P— Kt4, R x P ; 51 R x R (Q— Q2, QxPch. ; 52 R x Q , R— 65. Q— R8ch. K— Kt4 Kt8 Mate), R x R ; 52 B— B 3, 66. Q— R3 R— B4ch. B xR P ; wins. Now Black will 67. K— Q6 K— B5 have great difficulty in winning. 68. Q— Bich. BxKKtP 50. P x P White succeeds in getting rid 51. R x B of the dangerous Black KP, but Not 51 R— R2ch., B x R ; at the cost of his own QP. 52 RxBch., K— Kt3 ; 53 68. K— K5 R— KKt2, K— B4; 54 R x Q , 69. Q— Ktich. R x R ; and mate cannot be Not Q— Qi, P— K4 dis. c h . ; avoided. 70 K— K7, P x P. Q xR 51 69. KxP 52 R— R2ch. QxRch. 70. Q— Qich. K — B6 KxQ R— Kt7ch. 53 R— Kt8 An amazing conception. He 54 K— R3 could escape perpetual check Winning the bishop by the with 70 . . ., K— K5 ; continu threat of R— R8 Mate. ing as he does on the 76th move, 55. K — R2 R(i)— Kt7ch. but first he plans to allow a

with an easy perpetual check. 87 Q -K R 4 . K x P 73. Q— Bich.. 8 3 Q -Q R 3 . R . K . K— K t2 .K t 6 . Q— Ktich.K 4 . K— B5 ch. P— Q 6. 79. for after 8 1Q— R3CI1. 88. QxPch. K— B6 7577. Q— Rich. 87 Q— Qi. K— Kt4 Q— Ktich. 82. 76 Q— Bsch. 84 K— B7 (or K— K7.. P . K— Kt2 . 87. P . K x P . P . and the pawn is lost.. Q— Bich. 86 Q— K4. ch. 83. 88 Q— K7ch. 85 Q— R4 .. K— R 4 .134 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD temporary series of checks merely in order to win White’s RP. 84. 90 Q— K7CI1. Q— QB3 R(B)— Kt4 Threatening Q— R8 Mate. 86 Q— K i.. 85. R— Q4ch. 75 Q— R3ch. K— B5 A bold and clever attempt to keep drawing chances by bring ing the king to counter the Black pawns..Q 7 .. 83 Q x B P (of course not Q x QP. his own pawn remaining immune because of the threat of Q— Rich. K— K t i . K — K ti .. for after 73 . K— K ti . 71.. K— R3 . 85 Q— K t 7ch.K 5 78. K— Kt3 .. K — Kt2 . R— K t2ch. Q -Q ich . R— Kt6 Q— B i P— B6 P— Kt5 P -Ö 5 P— Kt6 R— Kt8 Q— B2 R(8)— Kt7 Q— B i R— Kt7 P— Kt7 P— K4dis.. 82. 74 Q— Kt2ch. K— Q6 Q— Ktich. Q— Rich. 85 Q— R4ch.Q 7 . 74. K— Kt6 The key to the Black king’s outing .). winning). P— Q 6. 82 Q— B3ch. K— R2 . K— Kt6 72. 81. White is right out of position for making any progress towards his draw. The checks are temporarily over. K— B6 K — R2 (WHITE) SULTAN KHAN Position before White's 89th move. Worse than useless would be 89 K— B7. Q— Ktich. (BLACK) ALEKHINE 76. K— R3 80.. he does not seek to win the K tP as well. R— Q4ch. K— Kt2 . 86. 89 Q — K8ch. 81. P— Q5 ... (D ia g r a m 56) 89. 84 Q R8ch. The delicacy of the position is shown by the fact that if White tries 82 P— Kts. R— Kt2..

K — Q7.CI1. Q— Kt5ch. If Q x P. K— R3 .. Q— B i R(3) . I 05106.SULTAN KHAN— ALEKHINE 135 89.. and the Black pawns fall if Black tries to avoid perpetual check. and 104 . K— B2 Perpetual check is just avoid able. Q— B8ch. R— K t7ch. Q— Q8ch. For example. After 92 . K— K t i . but the text is more decisive. 103 K — Q5. K— Q2 Q— B5ch. for if now 106K x P . 101 Q— K7ch„ K— B 5 . for the key square is K6. 91 Q— Bsch.K t 3 Another fighting move. 104 Q— Kt8ch... K— K 7 .. 94. 102. K — B5 . K — B3 100. 92... K— Kt4 . 95 P— Kt8=Q. 103 Q— Ktsch. 90. for if 90 . R— B6ch. 94 K x R . R x Q . 107 Q— Rich. K— §5 Q— B8ch. winning easily.. K — B8. 97K— Q3 98. R xP 101.. K — Kt7. K— K t6 . K— K2 Q— Ktsch. . . .. P — K5 . R— Kt7ch.. . 106 Q— B2ch. 98 Q— B8ch„ K x P . .. 102 Q— R4. K — B2 Q— B8ch. 101. 102 K— K4 (K— B4. The pawn is immune because of the very un usual and attractive line 93 QxBP.. . R— K6ch.. K — Kt4 K xP There is still no perpetual check. R— B6ch. R— Q2ch. but in the most surprising way. R— R 4 .. K— K5 Q— R8ch. Q— B5ch. leads nowhere. unpinning the rook would allow 106 . R(2)— Kt2 K— Q2 The alternative 97 Q— B7CI1.. 105 Q— B8ch. 103 Q— B8ch. R— B3ch. 100. R— Kt7).. and the checks are over with Black in an improved position. R— Kt . 97. for if 102 Q— Kt8ch. Black might just escape per petual check. A queen move. Q— B5 R(7)— Kt4ch.. K— B7 . 93. 102 io3104. . R x P . 99 Q— K7ch. 105 Q— B i ch. R— Q2 Q— Kt8ch. at first sight an impossible feat.. 9596. Thus the Black king has succeeded in getting round the White queen. K— Kt2 91. 100 Q— B8ch. K— K6. K— K3 99. 104 Q— Kt2ch.. 100 Q— R3ch. K— K8 . R x P .. . to reach which the Black king has somehow to get to the other side of the White queen. threatening an unavoidable mate in two. K— Q3 To drive the king further would only assist Black's game. 107 K — Qi.. Q— R8ch. K — B4 P— B7 It is Black's turn to play a bold and ingenious move with a pawn. 90. winning the second queen in the same way as the first. R— Kt6ch... K — Q8.. or K— Q2.

9. 14 P x B . 19. This sacrifice of a pawn and the resulting passed RP create considerable difficulties for Black. 11. If B x P . K txP P— Kt4 Black has got more than he bargained for.. The tremendous struggle QR3 . Resigns. though actually he would run into mate by 20 R x R . 17.. K— B i K— K6 14. B— B4ch. P— The loss of the exchange by B— B 7ch. White feels in a position to start an attack.BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 136 If P x K t . R(2)— Kt7 Mate. is over at last. R — K t7ch . P— QR4 P— QR4 P— QKt4 Of course if 108 Q— R3CI1. 18 K t— B5ch. 108. P— . with much the better game. K— Kt3 Here B— Q3 . P— K4 Kt— KB3 P -Q 4 K txP Kt— QB3 K txK t B — Q3 PxP K4 Kt— QB3 PxP Kt— B3 B— K t5 K tPxKt P -Q 4 Q— K2ch. PxP P— Rsch. . R(2)— Kt6 . The RP is now a formidable threat.. 21 B— B7ch. K— B i B— B i 15. 20. 1935. with mate to fol low. would bring about the draw which Black is trying to avoid. 17 B xB ch . K x B . but mate follows the text move also. 19 B x B. 18. R — B7CI1. B x K t . 13. K— Kt2 Moscow tournament. [Diagram 57] 21. P— 8ch. would be enough to deter Black from R x P. 2. Q— K2 K xQ Kt— Kt5 R— Qi P— QB3 Q x Qch. He cannot meet White’s pretty attack by K x K t because of 22 QR— Bich. PxP K— Qi P— B3 R— Kich. 10. 21 KR— K ti. S cotch G am e I. 15 B— Kt5. 22 K t— B2.. 106. 3456. 12.. K t— Q4 K— B2 16. 78. K— K i 108. P x P b4 K t— K5 The usual P x P is better. threatening B— B2 and B— Kt3. 108 K— K2. 107. but Lasker as so often seeks to bring about a difficult game in the hope of out-manoeuvring his opponent. 22 R— R i Mate. 18. GAME 44 SPIELMANN— LASKER With the better game. K— R5 . K x R .

P x K t . 31 RxPch. The struggle now shifts to the QRP. B x K t RxB 23. is decisive and if B x P . 25 R x P .. for if B— QB4 . remaining two pawns ahead. B x P B— K3 He cannot take the KtP yet because of K t x P . 27 R(5) x Rch. . 24 R x Pch. winning easily. .. to prevent White consolidating with B— B5. B x P . The only reply would be 26 ..). K— K3 . 27 B— K7.. 26. Black therefore gives up the K K tP in order to force the White QB off its diagonal and by the threat of K x K t to win the White QKtP. 24 R— B 7ch. R— Ktich. . . 29 B— Q3. K x R 30 R — Rich. R— K i . 30 P— B3. B— K3 R— QB5 K— Kt4 Forced. 29 RxRch. K R — Q i . R x B . Kt— B6 After K t x B. P— Q5 . K x P 29.. K— K t i . R— R5. B— R6 . 28 R— Rich..). B— Kt2 (WHITE) SPIELM ANN Position before White's 21st move. K R —B i . R x R . Or if 25 .. 27 Kt X B. and wins. 28 R— Rich..). B— Kt6 Black has successfully sur vived the first phase.. 28 RxPch. and R— Ksch. 27 B x B . 23 R— B7ch. B— B6 . He finds he still cannot play B x P because of 26 QR— K ti. K x K t. K— B4. 27 B— Q6 Mate). . 25.. 24 R— K7 dis. or K— R5 . Kt— Q8ch. R x B (Kt— B3. K— K2 (K— Qi . winning. QR— B i 27. 26 B— Q2. K— Kt4 .K— R5 32. K— R3 24. ch. 26 B x B (threatening both B— B5 dis.. B— Q2 . 29.. B— Q4 Unless he can get a rook on to the QR file he can never ad vance thejpawn... 30 R x R .. K t— B6ch. (D ia g r a m 57) K— Q2 (K— K t2. 26 R(5) xBch. 29 B— Bi) j 28 QR—Bich. R— Kt6 31.. 22. ch. K— B5 (K— B4. after which the bishop cannot move because of R— Kt6 Mate. K— Kt3 . 27 B— B4ch. White would lose the QRP and Black would draw. 23 B— Ktsch.SPIELMANN— LASKER (BLACK) LA SK E R 137 25. 29 Kt— K2. R— K4. 28. and then follows 27 Kt— Q4ch. Kt— R7ch. 31 P— B3. 28 B— K7ch. R— B6 30.

K— Q6 Black is also not out of danger. 38. 4. K— B 6 . for if K— Kt7 . 41 R— Qi. 42 K— Q2. B— R5 . for if K x P . 7. 1. 35. If R— B5. 40 Kt— Qsch. 3.. 9. 39. 42 Kt — ¿4ch. . P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 Kt— B3 Kt— KB3 P— k 3 B— Kt5 Kt— K5 39 40. R xR KtxB BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R xR BxB R— R3 B5. R— K7 Mate. K— K ts. Eindhoven. K— Kt5 K— K2 B— Q2 Kt— B2ch. R x P. Q— B2 P— K3 B— Q3 P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— KB3 Now if Kt— Qsch. Or if n . P x Kt (not R x P . A game that was in the balance up to the very last move. The knight will have to return shortly. 34. R— Bich. 13 . 4 Drawn. 41 R— B i.. 37. B— R5 . B— B3.). 13 Kt x Ktch. 5 36 Kt— B6ch. B x P . 42 Kt— Black’s lack of development still hampers his castling. 12 Kt— K2. 5. so far from having a win. 43 K— B i. win ning a pawn. The pawn is still taboo. 42 RxBch. B . 33. 11 P— K4.. 2. suddenly finds he must take care to avoid a loss.. R— K3c h ..K t 3 .. Kt x P . 42 K— Q2. B— K2 . For example if now O— O . 10 O— O. 6. White. wins). For if Kt x Kt. 37. Kt— K3 K— K i K— B6 B— Kt4ch.. GAME 45 EUWE— ALEKHINE If K— Q2. with still some definite winning chances.. 36. .138 32. winning the rook either way. P x P ( P -Q 5 . R— Qich. 41. BPxP PxP KPxP BxP 40. 35 R— Rich. and the RP falls. 8. K— Kt7 . 3 R— Rich. R— Rich. p— Q5 Premature.. B— K7CI1. 4 P— Kt3. 43 P x P. Kt x P . R— K3ch. 13 B— KKts. K— Kt7 . and if R x P . 19th match game. 12 Kt x P. . 1397 N im z o . K— Q7 .I n d ia n D e f e n c e K— Qi is no better because of P— Q5 . 12 Kt x P. 41 R— B5. he will have the utmost difficulty in castling.

winning. 12. with advantage. K — R i . 13Q— K 2. 12 B— Ktsch. 19 K t — Kts (forced. R— K i Kt— KKt5 (W HITE) EU W E Position before Black's 17th move. Only by the most bold and imaginative play can Black still hope to save the game. 15.B 5.. P— K4 Kt— B3 B— K2 If Kt— QKts. P x P. B— Kt5 Now if P x Kt. 0 — O 11. Black now takes advan tage of the vulnerability first of KB7 and then of QB7 to fight back. B— Ktsch. i 3 B x K t . but will now have to waste time with awk ward defensive tactics. 16 P— K6. K t— Q i B— B4 17. (D ia g r a m B— KB4 was the winning line. 58) 18. K t— R4 B— K5 Kt— B7 Kt— Q5 PxP Black has built up a threaten ing position at the cost of a piece. 20 K t— R4. 14 Q x B . K t— B7 . 20 B— KB4 (to allow Kt— K3). P x Kt 21. Kt— Kts 14.Q— K2 B— QB4 16.EUWE— ALEKHINE 139 (BLACK) A L E K H IN E BxPch. K— B i If B— Q2 . 20. P— KR3 [Diagram 58] 17. White gets two minor pieces for the rook. White could not play 20 K t— K3. 15 Q . 12 K t x P . 18.. P x P . to prevent Q— R5). B— Q2. Q— K t3 K t— R4 And again if P x Kt. P— Kt6. which is more than good value when Black's K R is shut in. P K R 4 . at once because of Q x Kt. 12. P— K5 In view of Black's difficulties he could afford to wait and secure himself with P— QR3. 19. Black has the choice of K t— B7 threatening Kt— Q5. K t x K t . Kt— QB3 22. 19. and White therefore tries to break up .orif P x P . 13. White will succeed in forcing Black to give up any idea of castling.. P— KR4 If Kt— B7. Q— B i 23. 13. wins. 10. P— Kt6 has always to be guarded against. or of P— Kt6.

but there proves to be not quite enough in it. 23. Kt— K7ch. . Q x Rch. P— R 3 R— QKt6 K— Kt2 R xP Drawn. Kt x Pch. then 40. 24. wins. 42. P x K t .K t 5 P-—Kt6 K -B 2 R-—Kt8 P--K t 7 R-—QR8 R xP P x Pch. Black comes out a pawn ahead and actually tries to win. 49- K xP R xP RxKt R— QKt4 R-. Kt— R 6ch. 27 B— K3. 35 3. 29 Kt— Kt6ch. 24 B— K2. then P x Kt . As played. 28. Kt— K7ch. with at least an equal ending.K t 7 K — B3 P--Q K t 4 P-. 29. 29 KR— Qi. 36K— B i. Clearly if 23 Kt xB .. and if P x P. 28. R— R3 R xB RxP P— Kt3 K— Kt2 P— Kt4 K— Kt 3 P— B4 R— R6ch. 32 Q x Q . R x K t . 8 39 For if now P— KKt3. 41. 31 P x R. Q xP B xR QxB QxQBPch. A most astonish ing recovery..140 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Black’s hold on the dangerous diagonal. R— Qi . 30 Q— B4. 26 QR— Bi. 30. Subsequent events show that P— K6 was better with the probable continuation Kt x P .. remaining a piece ahead. 24.. . 25 B— Q3. wins the rook. The specula tive text move does not turn out so well. 30 Q xKt. 25 26. P x B . for if then R— R4 . P— Kt6. Black will surprisingly recover all his lost material. Q— B2 R xB R x Kt . 27. 43 4445 46. 4748. Q x K t . Kt— B5 P— Kt6 Q— B4 R— B i Kt xB B— QR6 PxR R— B i P— QKt3 PxKt Of course if R x P . The logical move was Kt x B. 30 31 32 3 3 3 4 3 5 RxQ R— B4 K— B i K— K ti B— R6 Q xQ RxKt Kt— K7ch. 6 37 3. Q— Kt3 . 28 B x B .

His tournament successes include the sharing of 1st prize in the strong tournament at Kemeri. 1911) began to win his great reputation in 1932. 13. There is no real reason for not playing the pawn to the 4th at once. 22.P— B3 18. 1936.b 3 PxP R— Q6 R xB . 24. Now Black prepares to invade White’s game along the Q file. B— Kt2 16. Kt— R4 B— B i B— K3 Kt— Q2 P— QKt3 Avro tournament. 23. Nottingham. In a nation of many masters he has consistently shown himself the greatest. His tournament successes include Leningrad. 1946. He reappeared in the 1930’s as a fully fledged master. N im z o -In d ia n D e f e n c e 1. when he carried off the Russian championship. Moscow. 28.' 19. 2. Reshevsky (b. 1938. 12. 5. P— KKt3 K t— KB3 P— k 3 B— Kt5 O— O P— Q4 B— K2 KtxP PxKt The apparent weakness of the QBP after this move will be effectively covered from attack by the movement of the Black knight to QB5. Q— Q3 17. 1937. 14. 20. Botvinnik (b. 27. 11. QP x B Q— Q4 P— B4 QxKP QR— B i R— Q2 p. K t x K t 9. 6. 9.RESHEVSKY— BOTVINNIK 141 M. P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 P— K3 Kt— K2 P— QR3 7. and Groningen. and rapidly proved himself the strongest player in America. 4. 2526. S. 1911) was taken as a child prodigy to America and became a United States citizen. P x P 8. 10. K t— Q2 B— Kt2 K t— B3 0 —0 B— Q3 Kt— B3 P— B3 P -Q K t4 P -Q R 3 R— K i R— K i So far the game has been one of careful and slow develop ment. QR— B i Kt— B5 B— B3 P— K4 R— R i P— QKt4 Kt— Kt3 R— R2 Kt— B5 B x Kt Deciding that the pressure of his bishop on the centre is worth the weakness of the White squares. 1935. 21. 1934. GAME 46 RESHEVSKY—BOTVINNIK 15. 3.

. If in reply B x R . to Kt8. 42. 30. R— B8 Q— R i K— K2 Black’s plan succeeds. R— K i . 36.. R— Q8 34. B x R P [Diagram 59] 35. With the rook on QKt8 White could now play R— Kt7ch. The more obvious B x B P would be answered by B x B . B x R Of course if R— Q8ch. threaten ing R— Bich. White fights every move from this point. R— B7ch. 34K— B2 35. this time by Black. 42 R— Qich. (D ia g r a m 59) Most ingenious. and Black wins a piece. R— Q3 B— B2 Not Q— K ti because of Q— Q5ch. 42 B— R7. 38. 44. K — Qi R— Q7ch. P x K t 37.. for A last desperate attempt to win. 48 . 29. winning. K — K2 P— K6 P— Kt3 R— B7ch.. 32. B x P Q— R4 40» P— Kt4 Q— Kt4 41. K x R . Kt— K4 Another ingenuity. turns out a somewhat doubtful speculation.. 47 R x Q . K — B i (K— Q i . who hopes by this to keep the rooks split and to re tain complications. P— b 4 39. R x R 30. with good chances for Black. and the pawn queens).142 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (b l a c k ) b o t v i n n i k This sacrifice.. K — Qi R— B8ch. winning. White now makes a slip. R(K)— Qi R x Q 32. winning). 43. Q— K ti 31. The rook needs to go one square further. Now Black cannot prevent White recovering the piece and coming out with two rooks for the queen. 47 BxBch.R— K i Q— K B i B— K i (w h i t e ) r e s h e v s k y Position before Black's 35th move. based on the resulting weakness of White’s KR. 41. 33.. B— B2 38. 45. then 46 P— K7ch. K x R .. Q x P (not K — K i . as will appear. based on the passed KP. 35 R x Q ch.

Kt— R4. R x B QxPch. 10. B x B . Drawn. He must accept the weakness of the centre pawns. D utch D e f e n c e 1. K— B2 48. 8. threatening Kt— B6. The game now transposes into a kind of Queen’s Indian Defence where Black has no need to play Kt— K5 in order to get in P— KB4..Q— Q3 5 Kt— Kt3 Black has calculated accu . White must therefore take pre liminary steps before he can play P— KKt3. 14. 8. Black’s withholding of Kt— KB3 has gained him a move elsewhere with some effect. R— Q8ch. 3. KxB . 15 Kt— K5.EUWE— KERES I4 3 BxB. Kt— QB3 . P— KB4 Q— K2 If B— Kt2. 1938. P— K4. 12. the great contest at Semmering. 6 Kt— B3. 1916) is the most brilliantly combinative player among all the young masters. P— KKt3 P— Q3 Kt— B3 Avro tournament. His gifts are allied with deep posi tional judgment and he was thus able to take 1st prize in his first major International tournament. K— R i Q— B6ch. 49. B— Kt2 O— O P— QKt4 B— Kt2 KR— Qi QPxP P— QKt3 B— Kt2 QKt— Q2 O— O QR— B i P— B4 KtPxP The orthodox P— KKt3 would be answered by 5 . 5 * K— K ti ® Q— Kt5ch. and to follow it up by winning the Avro tournament of 1938. 9. wins. P— K7 K— B i PxB 47. 4* 5 46. 49 P— KR4. . Kt— KB3 1 . 1937. for if QP x P . P— QB4 Kt— B3 Q— Kt3 P -Q R 3 P— k 3 B— KtSch. . 5. 5 - Q xB B x Ktch. 4. 11. 6. P— Q4 2. Keres (b. 17 P— Kts. GAME 47 EUWE—KERES 7. KR— Q i . 13. 16 K x B . He is an Estonian by birth. P.

20. 24. 21 Q— Kt3. 17. 21. Q— K t5. 30. a switch to the Black one by 35 B— R i. 333435B— Kt2 Q— B4 P— k 3 R -Q i B— K B i Q -K t3 B— B4 P— R4 B— Kt2 Kt— Q4 P— R4 K— R2 P— K t3 R— B2 R -Q 2 K— R3 He must defend his QRP. P— K 5. 18. 24 K t x P . Thetextmoveseriously weakens the diagonal on to his king. the White Q side pawns are a danger. 24 BxB ch. 27. 26.. 16. 25 K t—B4. with approximate equality. 17 R x Q . P— Kt5 P -Q R 4 PxP Q— B2 QxR KR— Qi P -Q 4 R xP RxRch. 28. then B— K5 . The bishop is attacked. 22 R— Bi. 19 B— K7. Kt — Q2. Q . 22 Q— R2. 27. P— QB5 . Kt — K5 . B— QBi Kt— B5 (b l a c k ) KER BS Somewhat better was B x Kt.144 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD rately that his pawn position is defensible owing to this counter attack. Less good was 23 Kt— R4. Since he can make no progress on the White diagonal. A most critical position. K t x P . P— K4 For now Black could play Kt — K5 with a very aggressive position.k 4. 19. K t— Q2 B— Q4 (WHITE) EUW B The game becomes compli cated. Q— Kt3 23. If 20 R x R . especially for Black. Q x B . . then Q x Q . K t x R . (D ia g r a m 60) After the alternative K t— K t 3 . 20 B x R . White has maintained his pressure on the White diagonal and also con trols the long Black diagonal. 23P— K5 Position before Black's 35th move. 21. K x B . and therefore indirectly the knight also. 29. 25. K txK t B— R3 Q— B2 P— R5 Q— K3 BxKt B— Q4 Naturally not 27 B x B P . 22. 18 B x K t . SI32. 20. K t(K t)x B . If now 16 Q x QP.

B— Kt5 P -Q R 3 . K— K t4 . K P x P The best chance. threatening the im mediate advance of the Q side pawns. 38 Q— K5. B x K t P— K7 The counter-attack has a magnificent finale.. Kt— KB3 Kt— QB3 3. Black can just hold the attack off for the moment by 35 . 38. R x R . .. 1933. seems in dicated. B— Kt6 . B x B . 40 K — Kt2. 37 B x K t . R. Black is then in diffi culty as the following lines show: 35 . 38 B x B .. was for White also to be aggressive and play 36 R x K t . P— K6 The point of Black's counterplay. He is a great theoretician in all phases of the game.. Golombek pointed out. 35P— B5 He must counter-attack or die. How ever. B . 40. Since then he has consistently shown himself one of the world’s masters. B— R i . R— R2. 38 R x B . 39 P— R4ch.FINE— KERES 145 preparing Q— Kt2. Or 36 . R— R8 Mate. Fine (b. . 1937. P— K4 P— K4 2. 37. Q— K ti . 37 Q— R8ch. 39 K— R2.. tournament. 39 Q— B4CI1. R x B . P— Kt4 \ 40 R— Q6ch. 37 B x K t . The long White diagonal is to be opened to his bishop and the K K tP weakened and made an object of attack. 39 K P x P. 36 Q— Kt2. R— R2 . 36. 40 P— Rjch. K — B2 Drawn. . .. 39 Q— Kt7ch. 1914). K— Kt5.). first made a repu tation as a member of the American team at the Folkestone tournament. R— K i Q xB 39. his best result being 1st prize at the Moscow. If 38 B x Q. B x R . RxRch. P— B3 If R x P .. as H. the American master.. Q— K t i . 37 Q— B3. 36. GAME 48 FINE-KERES R u y L o pe z Avrò tournament. threaten ing B— K2 mate. R— R 2 . 1938. 1. and mates. 36 Q— Kt2. K— K t4. . R— Q8 41.. Q— Qi (Q— K3 .. Q x Q R xQ 40. 38 B— K t 7ch. again R— Q8ch. .xB .

P x P dis. 10 P— B3.. 19 R— K i. 16. Q x Q K t . The alternative R— QKti is followed by 9 P x P. 22. B— Kts . for if Kt x P . 10. B— QB4 PxP P— Q5 R— K ti PxP Kt— K3 Safer was P— Q3. B x B . 18 P x Kt. He must now be prepared to face consi derable pressure on his Q side down the open QKt file. ch. 12 P— Q4. and White has achieved his ideal development. 17. 15Q— K2 Q xQ P— Q4 Q xP KtxQ The result of Black’s subtle 12th move is now apparent. 15 Q x K t . P x K t . K— B2 . PxB K— Kt2 B x Kt Kt— Kt4 The most vigorous reply to White's immediate threat of P x P and his ultimate threat of R— Qi followed by operations on the Q file. Kt— B3 R— K i R— K2 Kt— Kt5 Kt— B4 Kt— B i K— B i P— B4 Of course he cannot recover the pawn at once. 20 R— K2 (against R— Kti). P x P . But White now en visages combinative play based on the weakness of Black’s QB3 24. 21 Kt— R3. Black would get a passed QP after 20 B x Kt. 23 P— Q5. P x B . 13. B— B5 . but White plays to win by disturbing the balance of the game. 21 R— K i. the strong position of the knight would justify leaving it undisturbed and preferring 24 B— K3. P x P . B— R4 0 -0 Q— K2 B— Kt3 P -Q R 4 Kt— B3 B— K2 p — QKt4 P -Q 3 B— Kt5 i S K t x P .. 9. P x P . Kt— B3 . 13 B— Q5. 18. O— O . P— Kt3 Kt— Q4 Kt— Kt3 Kt x QP . 17. 24. P x P .146 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 456. 78. 11 R— Qi. for White must submit to the dis ruption of his K side unless he plays the awkward B— Qi. 19. 16P— B3. with a precarious game. P— B3 PxP R xR Q xP 0— O PxP Q xR Still eschewing safe drawing lines. 25. 17 P— Q4. 26. He prefers to keep two bishops and accept a slightly inferior pawn position. 12. 20.B — B4ch. 14 B xKt. Kt x P . 18 P x P . R— Q i . Nor is the likely looking Kt— QR4 sufficient after 13 B— B2. the bishops of opposite colours indicate a probably impending draw. If If White were content to draw. 15. 14. 21. 23. After 17 B xKt. 11. 22 Kt— B3. Q x B . Kt— R2 The best way of defending the QP. winning. 12. 20.

or 28 R x B . 37 R— B2.FINE— KERES 147 The point. 29 R x B (K txB . and White then wins by 27 R x B . in either case leaving Black with irresistible Q side pawns.). ( D i a g r a m 61) Again threatening to plant the knight on QB6 after B x Kt. Kt— Bsch. 29. R xB K t— B6 Any other move with the knight fails to guard his vital QB3. If at once 33 . P— QB5 . 3536. 27 BxKt. 32. with a good game. 30 Kt— B6ch. 34 Kt— B3. 29 R xB P. He is not in terested in recovering the pawn by 26 K t x QP. K t— B 8 . 29. P— Kt7 . 26. The vital square in the struggle is now QB2. 34. P x B . 33 K— B i. 29 B x K t . K— B i 35. P x P . B x Kt Insufficient would be 28 Kt x P. If Black replies R— Kt3. 30. R— Ki). 35 Kt— K ti. 34 Kt— Q5. 28 Kt— B6ch. P x B (not K x R . P x B . P— Now there begins an intense struggle around the pawns. If now 32 K t x B (not R x B . Kt— Kt5 K t 7 . B— B3 . allowing the Black knight to go to QB8 with check. P— Kt7). 31 P x P.. 31. R— K ti P— QB5 Not K— K2. 27. wins. K— K2 B— B4 BxP . B— Q2 (BLACK) K ER ES The culmination of White’s combination. then 30 K t x B . 36 R— Q2. P x P . 27P—04 28. K t x R . R— Q2 33. R x B . B x K t . But Black has conducted his defence with great perspicacity and reveals that he too is play ing for a win by giving up the exchange for strong passed pawns. 30 R x K t . . 28. KtxR Kt— Q5 PxB PxP K t— Q6 The brilliant move on which Black has based his counter play. . R— Qi (W HITE) F IN E P— Kt7 P— B4 Position before Black's 27th move. K x R . P— B4 ..

R— K R i B x Kt B— Q3 B xP The king can hold the two pawns on the Q side as easily as one. R— Qi B— K6 53. 39. K— Qi 42. 38. P— B 7 . White regards it as timely to prevent Black obtaining too great a majority on the other wing. B— B 8 . . R— Q6ch. R— K i 47. P— B6 Kt— B2 Not to be deflected from his fight against the pawns. R— K i R— K K ti P— K t5 49A fine move forcing the issue. 39 K x P. B x K t . 52 K xP. K t— R3 40.K t 5 Fighting to the end. He only needs one passed pawn on this wing. B x P . If 38 K x Kt. K t-K 3 (b l a c k ) k e r e s The only move by which he can keep a piece defending his QB2. 41. draws. 50. 38. 37. . 40. If now 5 1 . revealing the purpose of his 36th move. B x K t . P . He there fore plays to hold the Q side with the rook and bring the king over to the K side. coolly establishing a majority on the other wing. 40 K or R x B. P x P P— B5 51. K — B2 43. K x P B— B8 54. so rather than waste a move capturing one of them. or 40 K — 0 3 »B— Q7. If now 39 Kt x K t. 51B— Q5 52.R— K K ti K— K t3 B— B3 48. B— K4 43R xP K— B2 44P— Kt4 45. ( D ia g r a m 62) 37. .R— R i K— B3 46. (w h i t e ) f i n e Position before Black's 37th move. but the latter part of this plan cannot be fulfilled. White’s apparently convincing reply has been allowed for to a nicety. Kt— K8 Brilliantly continuing his fight to control White’s QB2.148 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD A magnificent move. K x Kt B— B4 . K— B2 fails because the rook cannot hold the king and pawn on the other flank.

K t x B . 10. as in a game Reshevsky— Fine. 910. intended to clarify the position in the centre by hindering White’s P— K4. KtxB B— R3 .. 12 Q— Q3.. P— B4 KPxP The key move of Black’s system of defence. K— K8 . P x P . 60 K— K4 (R— Kt7. K— K8 . K— Q8). H. 12. 62 R— K8ch. 1909) is a brilliant British master of Irish extraction who won the British championship in 1938. The text move threatens the squares QB5 by B— R3 and at a suitable moment QKt6 by P— R5. K— Q8 .BOTVINNIK— ALEXANDER 149 5455. K— B7 . K xP P— B6 K— B5 K— Kt6 For one of the pawns get home after 58 R— Kt8ch. K— Q3 57. Alexander (b. 12 Q x B . 14 B P x P . B— Q7. His best tournament result so far is the 1st prize at Hastings. B— R3 I. n B x B. 2. a fact which Black later turns to good account.. R— K i . 3456. 11. 1946. P— B5 . for the position is too simple after 10 O— O. C. then B x B . P— B 7 . Q— B i . If B— R3 at once. R— Kt6 56. 61 K — B3. 63 R— Q8ch.R— Kt8 Resigns. GAME 49 BOTVINNIK—ALEXANDER Anglo-Russian radio match. The QRP is however weaker on the 4th than on the 3rd rank.I n d ia n D e f e n c e Kt— B 2. B— R3 . K— B 8 . 59 R— Kt8. New York. 78. N im zo . 62 R— K8ch. 13 Q— B2. 13 B— Kt2.. 1941. 11. 1947. P -Q 4 P -Q B 4 Kt— QB3 p— k 3 P -Q R 3 PxB PxQP B— Q3 Kt— K2 P— QR4 Kt— KB3 P— k 3 B— Kt 5 P -Q 4 B x Ktch. 61 R— Kt8. BxB 0— 0 P— QKt3 A move which introduces a critical element into the game. with positions similar to the actual game but with Black’s QKt on a better square. P— B7 . O'D.

fits into the position beauti fully from a strategic point of view. 24 Kt— K7ch. 25 K t x P . 27 Q— B i. K t x P . 22. 24. 18 P— B3. R x R . 18. threatening Q— Kt3. 26QXP. 19. R— K3 P x Kt Beginning a far-sighted plan to take advantage of the weak ness of the QRP. 28 Kt— B5. 17. K— R i . But now Kt— B5 was strong. threatening Kt— R6 Mate. 27 R x R . Q— . PxP R— K5 R xB P— Kts R— K i 0—0 QR— K i Kt— Kt3 Kt— K ti Kt— B3 If Kt— Bi. against Kt— Kt6. 19 Kt xKt. 25. 16. 29 R— Ki. P— B4 The attempt to save a move by B— Q6 fails against Kt— B4.. 20. if he can manage to play it. 29 Q— Kts. 20. P— B6 . Kt x B . by the threat to the QBP. 13. and White just has time to get a counter attack started in the centre. R x B . 28 P x K t . by bringing the QKt to QKt6. and Black still achieves his strate gical object. R — QBi (Q— B3 . Q— Kt3 . 28 Kt— B5. Botvinnik prefers a line which prevents so rapid an advance of the Black pawns. Alexander gives 23 Kt— B5. Q— B2 Q— Q2 After 22 P x Kt. 23. 14. 27 R x R .Q— Q3 R— K i P— B 5 wasting move results in Black getting a powerful Q side at tack started. Black’s pawns are so far advanced as to be a danger. R x R . 26 Kt— Kt6) . 26. P— B3 P— K4 Q— Kt2 Kt— QR4 Kt— Kt6 Q xP He cannot allow White to control the K file. 15. P— K5 B— Q6 P— QR4 P— QKt4 The only alternative was Q— B i. and if P x P . 26 P x K t . 12. QR— K i(K t— K i. P x B .150 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Preventing the rapid move ment of the Black knight to OB2 and K3. 23 Kt— B5. R(3)xKt. Q x P . 25 B x R . after which P— R5 is play able.. If Kt x P . But the need to play this time- Not R(B)— K i. R— Q2 . This plan takes four moves. 28 Q— KB2. 23. Klein recom mended Kt— K5 as the best answer to the text move. Kt— Kt6 . and now White’s P— K4. Q— Kts. 24Kt— K7 ch. 17. R— K3. 27 Q— K3. 28 Kt— B5. P— K ts. 26 P x K t . 30 Q— Kt 5. 29 Kt— K7ch.). 22. QR— K i . thenKt— QR4. R— K3 . P— Kt5 . 21. Black must therefore allow the easing of the tension in the centre. E.

the sort of threat re sulting being 31 Q— K3. Kt— Kt6.Q x K t P— R5 A devastating and beautiful continuation. (D ia g r a m 63) He must submit to pressure on his king. tinues to develop his own threats 31.. He therefore con winning. 33 QxQ. P— B5 29. Q— K2 28. 30 Q— K2. Q x Q c h . Q— K3 R— R i R5 white could obtain the better game.. K— R i Kt— Q5 on the Q side. . 34 K— B2. 35 K t. then P— B 7 . which demolishes Black’s game. 26. 31 Kt— R5. 34 Kt xQch. P— B 8 = Q ch. Q x P 34. Q— Kts. K— K2 . 32 Q x P . 29 K— B2. 30 Q— Kt4ch.. K— R i . 33 Kt— B6ch„ K— ening Kt— R6 Mate) Q x B i .). 30. A bad spot for the queen as will appear. P— Q 5 . R— K K t i . R5. P x R R (3 )-K 3 R xR PxP (W HITE) B O T V IN N IK Position before Black's 30th move. 34 R x Q .. Q x K t . while if 31 Q— 33. White must keep a rook on his back rank for the time being. 33 Kt— B5 (threat K x Q . for if K x P . 32 Q— R4. The unfortunate corollary of P— B6 his 30th and 31st moves.. with advan tage. and at the same time guard Q— R2ch. (BLACK) A L E X A N D E R Q— Ö2 Defending the QP before moving the other rook.K t— B5 Q xQ P— R4 . P— B6 . 35 K x K t . 31 R x Q (threatening R— K8ch. but with 30 Kt— 32. Kt— K 7ch. Kt— Kt6 . 27. K t x Q .BOTVINNIK— ALEXANDER 151 Q8ch. against K t— B5. with advantage. and Kt —Bsch. 32 QxRch.. With Kt— Q5 he might seriously embarrass White. Only 30[Diagram 63] thus can he unpin the knight. 3435. The Q side is now strong enough to await the clearing of the issues elsewhere. R— K3 .

13. winning a piece. B— B4. P— B 3 . Black at once prepares to counter in the centre by P— QB4. White’s position is not alto gether comfortable. He there fore decides to adopt a riskier and more aggressive develop ment. 40 P — Kt8=Qch. 40 P— B7. P— QKt3 o— o— o Moscow— Prague match. K— R 2 . 9. 12. B x K t . Smyslov (b. B— Kt2 Kt— K5 PxP B— Kt2 Kt— B3 O— O The natural and more usual move is Kt— B3.152 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD The only answer to the threats of Kt— K7 Mate and Kt — R6 Mate. 39 Kt— R6ch. B— K2 Q— B2 P — QB4 Kt— B3 Q— B2 P — KKt3 Threatening 16 Kt x Ktch. For if R x P . 1921) is one of the youngest generation of Russian masters and has already shown himself to be a potential candidate for the highest honours. 11.. . 14 K t x P ... F re n c h D e fe n c e P— K4 p— Q4 Kt— QB3 B— Kt5 KtxP BxKt P -Q B 3 P— KB4 P— K3 p -Q 4 Kt— KB3 PxP B— K2 BxB Kt— Q2 More in harmony with the fianchetto of the KB was O—0 as soon as possible. B— Kt2 13 O— O. 11. 37. 14. and if P x P . GAME 50 SMYSLOV— KATETOV If Kt— K5. 1946. 12 Kt — Q3. but after 12 B— Kt2. 36. 8.. P— B5 . Kt x Q Kt— B5 R— K i P— Q5 38. and the KBP is lost. 15. PxP. V. Katetov is a prominent Czech player. 10. 17 R— Qy. 39 Kt— R6ch. 12. P— K6 Resigns. K— R 2.

B x P .SMYSLOV— KATETOV 153 15. keeps the at tack going with a brilliant sacrifice of the bishop. Now White threatens to recover material by Kt— B7 ch. or 20 Q— K2. 27 K— Qi. 20 R x Q.. 18. KR— K i Kt— Q4 The attempt to win a pawn by P x P may lead to trouble after Q x P . 23 R— Q4 (R— Q7. 23 R xKt. (D ia g r a m 64) 24. 17 Kt— Q7. 19. 24 Kt— K5. 22 P x B . B x P . Q— K6ch. 19 P— R3. Black. K t x P Mate. 23.. P— B5 . P x P .B 4 . K t x Q B P . 21. Q x P c h . . QxP ch . 20 B— R3. 16... 25. 22 R— K i. 16. KtxQBP QxB . QR— K t i . 20. 24.. B— K sch . 25 Q xR . P— B5 .. KR— Q l . Q x P Mate).. Q— R8ch. 25 K— Q2. R— Kt7. nor 24 Kt— K5. Kt— B3 19. 18 Q— Q2. B— Kt6. K t x Ktch. (BLACK) K AT ETO V Playing to avoid the loss of the exchange would allow Black a strong game after 20 P— Kt3. The more natural look ing P— R3 allows Black to sacri fice on his QR6. . though at the cost of a weak KP. 25 K— Q2. 21 R— Q2 (or Q3). 17. mating in the same way. B— R3 B— B3 Not 24 Q x Kt. 22. as well as by capturing the bishop if the knight moves.. 26 K — Q2. QR— Q i . 2i Kt(4)— Kt5. 25 Kt x B. Q— R8ch. 26 K x B (K— Q3. Q x Q c h. Q— R8ch. 21 B— B3f P— B 3. P x K t . 19 Kt— K5. 20. 24 P x P . R x K t . P— B4 Kt(4)— K ts B x P Q— K2 BxR QxPch K— R i R xB Now Black rids himself of the pressure and frees his pieces for action. White prefers to retain attack (WHITE) SM VSLOV Position before Black's 24th move. P . P— KR4 PxP P— B3 ing chances at the cost of material and fixes on the weak K P as an objective. 24 R— K7. Kt— K6. nor 24 Kt— B7ch. For example. P— K4. however. B— B3 . QR— Kti). P— R4 Q— R4 That White is already in diffi culties is revealed by his having recourse to this awkward de defence.

27 Q x B . R x K t . Q— K8ch. K— K ti BxP 32. wins. Q— Kt3 Kt(3)— K5 Kt— K6 Kt— Q6 Kt— B7ch. 33. K t x R . 36. But some adroit manipulation of the White knight’s brings them in to co-ordination and holds the fort.. for if 37 K— Bi. 28. 4i42. 31. 37 3. P— Kt4 Q— K6ch. K— K ti Q xP Q— K6ch. 34 Q— Kt8ch. KtxR KtxB Q— Kt6 Forcing the queen off just in time and very nearly securing an end-game advantage. K— R i P x Kt He still cannot recover his material. 26 Q x R . R x Q . 25. for if 28 K x Kt. 36 Q x R . R— Q i . 32 Kt(5)— B7ch. Q— Ksch. . 28.. Kt— Qsch. because of the well-known mate by 31 Q— K6ch.. The balance on the Q side is then level.. and two knights can hold rook and pawn on the other. R x K t . Now he threatens to draw by Kt— R6ch. and wins. 35 Kt (Q) — B7 Mate. 33 Kt — R6 dis. R— Q i . 38 K — B2. 34. K— K t i . 29 Kt x R. 35. ch. The White counter-attack now reaches its peak. Q x P Mate. . RxQ Q xQ Kt— Q6 R— B8ch. R x K t . allows Black a draw by perpetual check.14 5 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Not 25 Kt— B7ch. 27. R— KR8 K— B2 Kt— B3 R— R6 Kt— B7ch. Black can force a passed KKtP at the cost of his QBP. 8 3’ 9 40.. 35 QxPch. Black cannot reply 30 .. R— Q i .. 29. K— K ti Kt(7)— K5 R— Kt6 R— Kt7 K -Q 3 Drawn. 30. . 30... K— R i . Black is suddenly in diffi culties. He is faced not only with the threat of a check on the dangerous diagonal by Q— Q5 but also with the threat of P— KKt4 and if the knight moves. QR— K i Q— Q7 Kt x R Kt— B7ch.. and Black mates. 26. K— R i .

2 6 .......... .. I r r e g u l a r Q u e e n ' s G a m b it D e c l i n e d . . 13. 10 CLOSE Q-SIDE GAMES : N imzo -I n d ia n D e f e n c e . 50 23..... ... K in g ' s B ish o p ' s O p e n i n g F a l k b e e r C o u n t e r G a m b it Cen tr e G ame ...... ......... . ........ .... . ...... 25 Sl a v D e f e n c e 30 ..... 45.. 46...... • 20... . 31 42 47 40 43 .......... T ch ig o r in D e f e n c e ..... 22........ .. ...3 8 T a r r a sch D e f e n c e . ... i x.INDEX OF OPENINGS 155 INDEX OF OPENINGS (The numbers refer to the numbers of the games) OPEN KP GAMES : Giuoco P ia n o E v a n s G am bit S c o tc h Game P o n zian i O p en in g .. 34.........4 1 12.. .. . 35.......... . ...... 4.. .. . ... ... . 6 CLOSE KP GAMES : ...... D u tch D e f e n c e ................... 48 . 2... ....... . ....... 49 K in g ' s I n d ia n D e f e n c e . ..... ............ ....... 27 A l e k h in e D e f e n c e F ren ch D e fe n c e S ic il ia n D e f e n c e QUEEN'S GAMBIT GAMES : Q u e e n ' s G a m b i t .... 21 24. .... 5»71 14. ...... 29........ I r r e g u l a r Q u e e n 's P a w n Gam e .... 17 C o l l e Sy s t e m .. 3 6 . ................. P etroff D e f e n c e ........ . ... . .... 39 P il l s b u r y A t t a c k ........... 8 44 33 18 28 1........... R u y L o pe z ........ . ..... 15.. 1 9 . R e t i S y s t e m .. ............. .... ......... . 37.... ..... . 3 2 .... ........ . ... ........ 16 ..

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Alekhine and other legendary figures • All 50 games annotated in depth • Contains pen-portraits of all the players of the games Discover the great players of chess history in these pages. ISBN 1 .85744 .BATTLES ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD This collection of fifty great chess games contains a wealth of chess entertainment for players of all ages.182 -6 . • Contains wonderful games by Morphy. Capablanca.

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