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Introduction The richer the elements included in the syllabus are, the more difficult becomes the process of specifying the syllabus. Furthermore, a rich syllabus may lead to an extent of rigidity where there will be very little left for the teacher and the learner to adapt, improve and grow. But, this should not imply that a haphazardly designed syllabus is a good syllabus and offers flexibility. This paper will look into the syllabus prescribed by Osmania University for a course in “English for Engineering Students” intended for the 1st year B. E. students, in the light of the given criteria. 2. Syllabus Design The English syllabus for the first year B. E. students of Osmania University is very small in size and does not give much information about the course. The syllabus includes instruction time per week, specification of time and marks for university examination, contents to be covered during the session and a list of suggested readings. Omissions in the syllabus are just a bit too many to be considered lightly. The syllabus does not include instructions for the teacher, purpose of the course, course and unit objectives, resources, course calendar, course requirements, evaluation, grading procedures, how to use the syllabus and how to study for this course. Apart from the above points, the syllabus also ignores a major skill like listening completely. 3. Syllabus Content 3.1 The syllabus is a product-oriented one with an integrated approach. It comprises a few structures and a few functions. In the first unit, ‘Introducing oneself and others’, ‘Greetings’, ‘Expressing thanks, apologies, agreement and disagreement’, etc. are a few examples of the functions included in the syllabus. In Unit-IV, ‘Words often confused’, ‘one-word substitutes’, ‘affixes’, ‘Tense and aspect’, etc. are items based on structures. However, the structural and functional items are not completely separated from to be put in different units. Language skills, both written and oral, are covered in all the units. ‘Presentation of papers’ in Unit-I, ‘Use of graphics, visuals and power point presentations’ in Unit-II, ‘Writing memos, circular and notices’ in Unit-III and ‘Comprehension’ in Unit-IV are some of the language skills and soft skills prescribed in the syllabus. 3.2 Selection of the Content and Division of Units There is no serious rationale behind the selection of one particular category of item types included in a separate unit of organization. The Osmania B. E. English syllabus is more of a multi-dimensional type involving lessons of varying orientation in each unit with the highest importance given to notional-functional approach. Unit-I has more of oral communication, whereas, Unit-II and Unit-III concentrate on different types of writing, and that of the fourth unit focuses on grammar and vocabulary. Items of grammar are kept back in the fourth unit and general communication occupies space in the first unit. This indicates at the fact that the syllabus designers have followed a top-down approach. 3.3 Grading It is very difficult to identify a set of criteria on the basis of which the contents in every unit have been graded in the syllabus, since all the units
If the teacher is innovative. can be started with a listening task. Unit-III can be kept as the second unit and Unit-II can be moved down to the third position. As a language skill. ‘Communication through letters’. letters of complaint. This is to separate writing from use of pure technology. etc. There is logic behind rearranging the contents into units and the order in which they are supposed to be taught. circular and notices’. for example. most learnable. The ‘Note’ at the bottom of the first page instructs to teach the grammar items and comprehension alongside the lessons of prose. ‘Official and personal letters’. skills and structures together. functions and such skills which can be of immediate help to the . ‘Drafting speeches’ can be shifted from the first unit to the third unit. ‘Letters of enquiry and responses’. ‘Drafting speeches’ and ‘Report writing’. listening goes hand in hand with speaking. and thus. ‘Dos and Don’ts’. Suggestion has also been given to keep all the writing skills in one unit followed by a unit for all grammar items and one for that of learning to use technology for language skills. Writing reports. There is a need to focus systematically and in a linear sequence on the specific elements of the language system in the form of grammatical structures and language functions. the syllabus content has been restricted to the structures. 3. It will be easy for the teacher as well as the students to focus on one area of language learning. ‘Use of dictionary and thesaurus’ and ‘Vocabulary’ respectively. ‘Words often confused’. 3. visuals and power point presentations’ can be studied as a separate unit after completing a course in writing. the lesson can be started with the students being given a task related to an authentic listening text. ‘Comprehension’ should be a part of the last section based on reading. ‘Use of graphics.4 Including Listening Skill The Osmania University B. ‘Writing minutes of meetings’.E. English syllabus does not include any component of listening skill though it is almost necessary to have listening in an EST syllabus where one of the main objectives is to enable the learners to communicate orally. Now. Putting all the oral skills together may help the learners concentrate better. ‘Common errors’. There should be freedom for the teacher to change the sequence so as to meet the communicative demands of the students.except the last one contain language functions. The fourth unit may have ‘Use of articles and prepositions’ as the first item. Such grading is mostly based on some general criteria such as the easiest. which is a very good idea. This is a synthetic approach which is usually preferred in case of ESP syllabuses. ‘Paragraph writing’ should be the first component in the second unit followed by ‘Resume writing’. he/she can explore a lot of possibilities of integrating listening with other activities. ‘Letter of complaint’. resume writing. The students can be given practice in listening for an overall idea about the text or specific information. The same contents can be rearranged in a much better and organized way through a few minor changes. ‘Writing memos. If the students are. being taught how to introduce themselves and others. Also ‘Paragraph writing’ and ‘Report writing’ can be included in the third unit. In the same way a group discussion can be started after asking the learners to perform a task on the basis of a listening text. The needs of the learners are very specific and thus.5 Learner Needs as Evident from the Syllabus A few of the learner needs can be assumed from the syllabus contents. it will be a wise decision to club both the skills together in the first unit. in which they find people introducing themselves and others in real life situations. most frequent and communicatively most important to the most difficult to learn and infrequently used. ‘Tense and aspect’ as the next item followed by ‘Concord’.
As it has already been suggested to reshuffle the contents of each unit. English syllabus needs to be revised and modified. The following may be the aims of the course: Provide language basis to access and comprehend the concepts and thoughts of science and technology and put across the ideas. They need to communicate orally or in written form in genuine work settings which may include managing formal conversations in official meetings. Letter of complaint. Since the course does not have a prescribed textbook. The syllabus misses out on stating the overall aims of the course. UNIT-2 Paragraph writing. writing letters of complaint and response. Growing as scientific thinkers. a lot of information has to be added to the syllabus while reformulating it. Introducing oneself and others. Small group communication. agreement and disagreement. Expressing thanks. 4. participating in work-related discussions. Verbal and non-verbal communication. power-point presentations. Speak appropriately and meaningfully in different work-place situations. Think critically and give their opinions on various issues and things in real life situations. Developing an ability to digest the basic concepts in science and technology and comprehend the methods of scientific thought and enquiry in English common to all scientific and technical discourse. Suggested Modifications It is obvious that the Osmania B. the syllabus should include the assumed needs of the learners: Giving opinion based on one’s value system. Writing minutes of meetings. Maintaining accuracy in putting across the factual details. The objectives of the unit are to enable the learners to: Understand the importance of different types of communication. etc. Effective interpersonal communication. The inclusion of the grammar items in the syllabus indicates at the fact that learners are expected to communicate accurately in all the above-mentioned forms of communication. Letters of enquiry and response. Being able to use language and put across required information fluently in any kind of work-place situation. knowledge of the use of technical vocabulary. The objectives of the unit are to enable the learners to: . delivering speeches. Greetings.learner on a short-term basis. the objectives of each unit are mentioned on the basis of the new division: UNIT-1 Role and importance of communication. read and understand texts carrying information. Firstly. drafting reports. Delivering speeches. E. Presentation of papers and participation in seminars and conferences. views and opinions fluently and accurately using English. Writing memos. circulars and notices. apologies. Resume writing. Official and personal letters. Communication through letters. Dos and Don’ts. Drafting speeches and Report writing. presenting papers.
Write looking back on issues. Write following different structures of writing such as: resume. Benjamin Spock Note: Items of grammar prescribed in UNIT-4 and comprehension may be taught alongside the teaching of the prose lessons prescribed in UNIT-5. events. Group discussions. Use right words without any confusion. Write to present arguments by taking a point of view and supporting it. Carter The Secret of Work. may I support…. Joad Andrew Carregie. Read to form an opinion about a text. 5. circular. suggesting. Make use of appropriate forms of verbs. affixes. Vocabulary. The objectives of this unit are to enable the learners to: Use articles and prepositions correctly. Synonyms and antonyms. CEM. activities and people. UNIT-5 The following four essays are prescribed: Our Own Civilization. . processes. letter. Reformulating Units 2-3: Unit:2 Skills to be taught Suggested topic/ situation Functions Language in context Suggested task/activity Arguing/ persuading Campus issues e. notice. Mobiles should be banned on campus Agreeing/ disagreeing. arguments. UNIT-3 Use of graphics. The objectives of the unit are to enable the learner to: Read and understand a text. Write persuading readers to change their views. one word substitutes. I think. etc. Learn how to learn the necessary vocabulary. minute and report. etc. I don’t agree with it. Words often confused. Write giving perspective on an issue. Read for specific information. debates. Concord. Idiomatic usage. Write giving an expose of a subject setting it out for view with definition and classification. people. H. Know when and how to make use of dictionary and thesaurus. memo. Use of dictionary and thesaurus. UNIT-4 Remedial English: Use of articles and prepositions. Write narrating sequence of events and happenings. etc. Read to form an overall idea about a text. visuals and power point presentations. events. etc. I strongly support…. The objective of the unit is to enable the learner: Be aware and make use of technology in work place situations. Swami Vivekananda The Generation Gap.Write to describe objects. Common errors.g. E. Tense and aspect.
Venue. to be attached with an application form for the post of an engineer. finding all the divisions is not feasible. There is not much of language use in the third unit. Writing letters of complaint. Oral Test. etc. Objectives. professional. e. use of right words and coherence. Date. . Writing notices. etc. Holiday for a motor strike in the city. etc. Preparing a report on an official event. Education. E. Professional experience. Giving information to public through writing. Marks should be awarded on the basis of accuracy. g. etc. as it is all about the use of technology. Writing resume. Giving information in writing about one’s own personal. I would like to recommend…. The present report covers the….25 marks a. articles. organize and present facts through writing for an official purpose. Prepare a resume for your friend who is also your classmate. Writing paragraphs. Speaking Test. Making an official decision public in writing. Writing job applications Reporting problems and asking for immediate action/ compensation.5 marks . We were wondering if you could. reports. Writing reports. i) Identifying pronunciation from transcription of words. Write a letter of complaint to the company that supplied you iron ore as the ore has been found to be lacking in the specified percentage of iron content. essays. i) Participation in a group discussion. etc. fluency. Employment opportunities for B. 6.25 marks a. Main ideasupporting details-conclusion.5 marks ii). Evaluation Scheme: i). Write a report on the National Seminar on Technology organized in your college. Skills to be taught Suggested topic/situation Functions Language in context Suggested task/ activity Interpret. Speaking on an instantaneously given technology-related topic for 2 minute. It is for the information of…. Listening to text for specific information and overall meaning. Thus.Skills to be taught Suggested topic/situation Functions Language in context Suggested task/ activity Organizing sentences. educational and extra-curricular details. maintaining coherence and concluding in writing paragraphs. Suggesting an Evaluation Pattern: There should be a half-an-hour oral test comprising listening and speaking in addition to a two-hour test of reading and writing. Place. We are sorry to inform you that…. Presenting and arranging factual details. Writing to convey problems at the work place.15 marks b. students Paragraph writing.5 marks ii) Marking the stress in words from pronunciation on audio.15 marks b.
Writing minutes of a meeting/ circular.20 marks b. Writing a letter. Discuss with them what goes into a resume..5 marks iv). 7. After they finish writing. Language Focus (20 minutes) Write down an instruction on the blackboard asking the learners to write a resume of their own. iii). Designing Tasks There are two sample tasks to support learning of two items from the syllabus: one is on resume writing and the second one is on use of prefixes and suffixes. Matthews. Ask the learners to sit in pairs and read the sample resume of Alexander M.10 marks b. putting forward an argument. Highlight the headings. 40% for content and the rest should be awarded for arrangement. Writing a notice.5 marks * 30% marks for accuracy. relevance to the topic and maintaining logic.25 marks a. the format and style they are expected to follow. make them check each other’s answers and see their own faults.5 marks d.5 marks c.ii) Participation in a debate. Ask them a few questions and lead them to see different features of a resume. Writing Test. .25 marks a. Reading Test. Task (10 minutes) Students are asked to organize the details under proper headings. Writing a report/ resume. The headings are missing from the resume of one Morgan Elizabeth Neilson. Task 1 Resume Writing Pre-task (10 minutes) Aim: To enable the learners to familiarize themselves with the nuances of resume writing. Questions on testing vocabulary.5 marks * For both the cases in ‘b’. Two comprehension passages of about 200 words each with 5 comprehension questions. marks will be awarded on the basis of clarity in speaking.
Bishopville. spelling and punctuation.Start a discussion on the different language features used in a resume: precision. with emphasis on continuing development of technical and computer skills. Adobe . painting. VA (540) 961-2469 Email: email@example.com Permanent Address 4097 Back Creek Rd. #5 Blacksburg. Spring 2002 Extensive studies of architecture within the urban environment Construction site visits to embassies and Washington historic restoration projects European Study Abroad Program. MATTHEWS Local Address 123 Turner St.E. May 2003 Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University (Virginia Tech). and sketching COMPUTER SKILLS HTML. EDUCATION Bachelor of Architecture. simplicity. Virginia GPA: 3. Blacksburg. Virginia. MD (410) 512-3167 21813 24060 OBJECTIVE To obtain a position in the design field. AutoCAD R14. ALEXANDER M.0 Dean's List last 3 semesters Washington/Alexandria Architecture Consortium. Adobe Pagemaker. Fall 2001 Traveled through 10 European countries exploring a wide variety of cultures Studied architecture through photography.1/4. clarity. Alexandria. N. focus. Adobe Photoshop.
Apt. Salisbury. Created a proposal which won a major new commission for the firm Paul Kratzer and Co. wood and metal shop experience. and Friedel. MD. Take the help of the previous resume to trace out the missing components MORGAN ELIZABETH NEILSON 5634 University City Blvd. Alexandria. MD. graphic printmaking. photography and darkroom procedures. PowerPoint DESIGN SKILLS Sketching. 56B Blacksburg. floor plans. Inc. Salisbury. VA. photographic manipulation. Microsoft Word. sections.Illustrator.. pottery EXPERIENCE PGAL Architects. Bowen. Summer 2001 Worked with owner to create new design for house renovation project Created a model of the new design for owner Davis. Airport Drafted site plans. Try to complete the resume with as minimum additions as possible. Summer 1999 Assisted in the creation of advertising campaigns Produced layouts and graphics for printed advertisements ACTIVITIES & AWARDS American Institute of Architecture Students Habitat for Humanity Volunteer Coalition for AIDS Awareness at Virginia Tech Gamma Beta Phi National Honor Society Golden Key National Honor Society Winner of Virginia Tech Tyssowski Scholarship Winner of 2000/01 American Institute of Architects Scholarship Dean’s List last three semesters Look at the resume given below and try to identify the missing components from the resume. VA. Summer 2000. VA 24060 . as well as creating new construction drawings from on site measurements.. modeling. Chantilly. Summer 2002 Worked on design development for Ramp Control Tower. January 2001 Produced drawings and colored renderings for a wide variety of projects Responsible for altering red-lined construction drawings.. and elevations Created site and building models for presentations Brown Residence Renovation. Philadelphia Int’l.
Perkins Company. August 2003 Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University.com Industrial engineer.edu 2107 Calvin Street Manassas. and occupational safety B. Omega Window Co.. Industrial and Systems Engineering. Salem.0 Earned and financed 70% of college and living expenses Knowledge gained through ISE project work includes: Cost Analysis Materials Handling Human Factors Plant Layout Inventory Control Statistics Computer Skills: IBM PC / Mainframe Macintosh / Apple AutoCAD/ CADKEY FORTRAN Visual BASIC WordPerfect MS Excel MS Word BlocPlan SAS FactoryFLOW FactoryCAD Project Manager for Senior Design Team. Blacksburg. Virginia GPA: In-major: 3. Cleveland..(540) 961-6666 meneilson@vt. Summer 2002 . VA Fall 2002 – Spring 2003 Analysis and evaluation of current layout of the window fabrication facility Collection and interpretation of materials handling and flow data Developing alternative facility layouts to reduce materials handling Summer Engineering Intern.S.neilson@juno. Inc.68/4. VA 22221 (703) 555-8304 morgan. cost analysis. OH. Inc.1/4.0 Overall: 2. interests in manufacturing...
Cuyahoga Foods. and a few familiar words like flexible and flexibility. and start a discussion on creating new words using suffixes and prefixes. Inc. find out the prefixes and suffixes used in the passage and give their meanings. Language Focus (10 minutes) . Spring 2002 Q. VA. National Scholarship Society of Manufacturing Engineers Marching Virginians & Metro Pep Band Dean's List: Fall 2001.. Summer 2001 Maintained and updated computer cataloguing of machine parts room Ordered. Summer 2000 Developed Close Air Support Effectiveness math model using FORTRAN Perdue Farms Inc. Choose a few scientific reactions like. received. and distributed valuable machine parts and supplies Prepared purchase orders for cost accounting Engineering Technician. Bridgewater. reversible and irreversible. Now prepare a resume for yourself that you can use for a job application in a private plant/ industry/ farm. Follow a standard resume format. Give the students a list of words. Task 2 Pre-task (10 minutes) Aim: To sensitize the learners about the use of suffix and prefix and to enable the learners to see the real life use of suffix and prefix. Task (15minutes) Ask the students to read the given passage in pairs.Application of CAD skills to both office layout and curtain wall analysis Compiled ANSI structural leading programs using computer knowledge Assisted applications engineers in preparing stamped structural calculations Maintenance Administration. Keep the checklist in mind. Ask them to construct as many words as possible from the given words.. Naval Air Systems Command. Use real objects and try to create words from the elicited words about the object. VA. Arlington.
water. the automatization of industry will lead to a high degree of efficiency in the production of manufactured goods. it may be predicted that the wide-spread application and combination of new and more complex products will give rise to unexpected inter-reactions or side-effects. the application-or misapplication-of science and technology in all fields is certain to affect the structure of society as a whole. Initiate a classroom discussion on how new words are created using suffix and prefix. For instance. This could lead to the development of a special discipline. as they will work fewer hours per day. Penguin. This in turn will necessitate a considerable expansion and re-orientation of education. or engineering to the mass media of communication. in this case of a political nature. or of medical science to the problems of overpopulation or old age. and is likely to have far-reaching social effects. fuels and minerals. In the more developed countries. greatly intensified programmes of research will be required in order to discover and eliminate the harmful results of such combinations. be borne in mind that this process itself might involve a chain of difficulties. These will range from light weight. The Age of Automation. however. In general.Distribute handouts containing some exercise on the use of prefix and suffix and ask the students work on that. Another result of automation should be to accelerate the accumulation of surplus capital. This will remain true whether we are dealing with the application of psychology to advertising and political propaganda. particularly of such items as soil. which could then be made available for the purpose of assisting the emerging countries to solve some of the problems of underdevelopment. Ask them to come up with more of such words. in this latter case in particular. For this reason. ___ Bagrit. Find out and write down the meaning of those words: Science and Future There is nothing wrong in expecting applied science to produce a vast increase in entirely new synthetic products of all kinds. Read the following piece of writing carefully and find out the words that have suffixes and prefixes. However. If we wish to counter-balance these losses to some extent. high-strength materials for use in the many specialized branches of engineering. workers will need to be more highly trained and more flexible-they will probably have to be capable of changing from one skilled job to another-and they will also have more free time. Another point is that the rapid expansion of industrialization throughout the world must inevitably lead to a progressive exhaustion of natural resources. (b) more efficient methods of exploitation and utilization will have to be developed. to drugs and chemicals with a greatly increased selectivity which can be used in medicine and agriculture. It should. Mentor Exercise: . we shall have to follow two main courses of action: (a) much greater efforts will have to be applied to conservation. whose job would be to estimate the social consequences of all major research and development projects before they are put into large-scale operation.
Most volcanic lavas s…ify at 800. The result of …production is a surplus. 000 km. A -ify -ly -less -ent -ence -or -ness B use -able -ible -ant differ reverse exist assistant resist research interfere react produce -ance -er liquid possible transfer direct motion persist maintain signify perform investigate boil diverge count predict solid absolute hard meaning effective identify simple reason convert divide distant evident Using words formed in Exercise (b) above. Researchers tend to …estimate the importance of subjective factors in an investigation. Fill in the blanks in the following sentences. Form these words and give the meaning for each. fill in the blanks in the following sentences: An eroded area of land is u…less for agriculture. have many industrial applications. re. To some people. Mass is co…ible into energy. over-.1200 degree centigrade. using the prefixes under-. due to their h…ness. he found it had lost part of its strength. .and non-: When the engineer …straightened the bent piece of metal. One of the most serious social problems of our age is that of the …use of science by governments. The atomic r…or was developed with the as…ance of re…ers from many different countries. mis-. It is difficult to explain scientific processes in …technical language. These factors may cause a scientist to …stress irrelevant details. The d…ance between the earth and the moon is about 385.Each suffix in List A can be connected to three words in List B. which are a form of carbon. the concept of anti-matter is me…less. The bulk of the population in the emerging countries is …nourished. Diamonds.
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