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by Sreenadh Malayinkizh.

Introduction Sri Chandrahari has written three books on Ayanamsa. 1) A

small book in English “True Ayanamsa” was published around 1994. 1996. 2) The book “Rasichakram” in Malayalam was published in 3) A detailed book “Hindu Zodiac and Ancient Astronomy” While in his ‘Rasichakram’,

in English was published in 2003.

he advocated the Zero Ayanamsa year as 238 A.D., with Ayanamsa of 46 minutes more than that of Lahiri, he refined it in his “Hindu Zodiac and Ancient Astronomy,” to the 231 A.D., as zero Ayanamsa year with the value 44 minutes, more than that of the Ayanamsa of Lahiri.

The

aim

of

this

article

is

to

compile

the

ideas

of

Sri

Chandrahari as given in his Malayalam book ‘Rasichakram’ in a systematic manner, keeping the continuity of his mathematical concepts and thoughts. While describing the mathematical

models of Sri Chandrahari on the Ayanamsa, ingrained in Surya Sidhantha, comprehend an his attempt insights has been the made in this article to In

into

Rasichakra

division.

‘Rasichakram,’ he proposes a Zero Ayanamsa Year 238 A.D., and this places his Ayanamsa value at a level exceeding that of Lahiri by 46 minutes.

Basic Rationale 1: The zodiac was conceptualized considering the revolution of the nodal points Rahu and Sikhi. fact ‘Ra-Si chakra’ or Thus, the Rasichakra – is in Chakra. He holds that

Rahu-Sikhi

rotation of these nodes is in rhythm with the movement of

Nirayana revolution period of Rahu = 6792. Kaliyuga = 432. i. Rate of precession of equinox per year = 360 degrees/25758 = 120 degrees/8586 = 50. Nirayana Year Sayana Year For example: = 365.24219 (Modern value) The difference between 8586 Sayana and Nirayana years will be -121.000” = 120 x 3600” = 120º We have already found that the time to traverse the arc of 120º would be 8586 Years . if only we care to consider the duration required for precession of 360 degrees. “why” of it refer Rationale 4] Using the above method we can prove that. be 119º56’ i. the importance of these numbers can also be proved.e. the author gives the following mathematical concept. Basic Rationale 2: The importance of Yuga numbers is that they can also be taken as precessional seconds to form a pattern.31446541 seconds of arc.25875 days. He says that. The year length For the considered in old Suryasidhantha is 365. precession of equinox in 8586 years will ≈ 120º [This also indicates that the year length used in the old Suryasidhantha is slightly different. 25758 Nirayana years are equal to 25759 Sayana years.2563625 (Modern value) = 365.977 days] Theoretically or by intuition.e.equinox. [25758 years means 1385 Nirayana revolutions of Rahu-Sikhi. considering the modern values of Nirayana and Sayana years.684 days.

6966488 224.55s) -------------------------------------------------------------------Mars 4565 45650 46015614 686.9582 6793.7914787 224.22908 10759.430 6793.8144 4332.728.5 4616 4653263 6795.2563624 365.32166204 27.46013 10759.2563624 -------------------------------------------------------------------Moon 114784 1147840 1157023263 27.This holds good if and only if.333.32167486 27.7007998 224. Kaliyuga Therefore..000” = 120 x 3600” = 120º = 8586 Years = 17172 years Dwaparayuga = 864.32167486 27.333.9860082 686.9692559 87. Complete-revolution & Nirayana-revolution Period -------------------------------------------------------------------Planet In Quarter Yuga In Mahayuga Kalpa Nirayana Rev Period (8586 years) 85860 years) (86546880 yrs) (Modern Value) -------------------------------------------------------------------Sun 8586 85860 86546880 365.000.000” =1200ºprecessions = 85860 Nirayana years .) (3.3216615 (27d07h43m11.97982 -------------------------------------------------------------------Mercury 35649 356498 359350528 87.2563624 365.94546 10758.9860082 686. revolutions To prove of it.6175 4332.969389 87. this period contains the complete Sikhi..000” = 240º precessions Tretayuga Kritayuga = 1.000” = 480º precessions = 34344 years Mahayuga = 4.469 -------------------------------------------------------------------Vernal 120 deg 1200 deg Equinox (0.) (3360) 432.46934 6793.320. = 432.000” 432.0”x1008 Revolutions Revolutions Revolutions -------------------------------------------------------------------We see that Yuga numbers could actually mean precession seconds.5888 4332.70080 -------------------------------------------------------------------Rahu 461.589 -------------------------------------------------------------------Saturn 291 2915 2938110 10776.2563624 365. we can say.97136 87.000” = 360º precessions = 25758 years = 1.969256 -------------------------------------------------------------------Jupiter 724 7238 7296284 4331.296.23 -------------------------------------------------------------------Venus 13957 13567 140683961 224.9798274 686. the he 7 planets the and the nodes table Rahuand gives following emphasizes the importance of the number 8586.000.6s) (27d07h43m11.0” 432.

“The vernal equinox is 3339 years away from zero point. then this could mean. in Vedas] Vernal equinox at the beginning of Kaliyugadi = 46º40’ Therefore. Zero Ayanamsa Year = AD 238. it The “why” of this is in rationale 4) Basic Rationale 3: Kaliyugadi Ayanamsa is 46º40’ [The author depends on the story that the birth of Brahma was in Rohini Nakshatra.e.” After 3339 Kali years the Sayana and Nirayana zodiacs conjoin. each Yuga-pada (8586 years) starts and ends on a new moon day and that at the start and end of each Yuga-Pada. If Rigveda (3. 3339 is a Rigvedic number.e.3101 AD + 3339 = AD 238 i. a solar eclipse occurs. does not happen. the definite formula for determining the Ayanamsa of any year would be - .. we arrive at the same conclusion.e. Brahma. this means that..9) says of “3339 Devas who worship Agni. (However.” Agni really means vernal equinox. Thus. to which Rohini was also praised as Prajapathi.Manvantara = 86400º precessions Kalpa = 3360º precessions Theoretically. Kaliyuga beginning + 3339 = Zero Ayanamsa Year 3102 BC = -3101 AD i.9. . i. Whether we depend on the above calculation or on the Rigvedic statement. Zero Ayanamsa years (elapsed) = 46º40’x (8586/120º) = 3339 years Here a striking similarity attracts our attention.. the author draws our attention.

Chaitrapaksha Lahiri Ayanamsa for 1995 = 23 deg 47 min 30 sec Difference = Hari Ayanamsa minus Lahiri Ayanamsa = 46 minutes. Hari Ayanamsa is 46 minutes more than that of Lahiri. Thus the author points out. = (Y-238)/71.55625437 = 24 deg 33 min 22. Number of human heartbeat per minute is 71 or 72. circadian rhythm etc. The It might be possible that 71.238)/71. we can get the sputa based on Hari Ayanamsa. The biological clock.Ayanamsa for the year (Y) = (Y-238) x (120 deg/8586) Degrees. Basic Rationale 4: . we could also prove that the rhythm of the universe and the biological clock in humans are mutually related. i. come into consideration.55 = 24. If so.e. Sri Chandrahari does not stop here. For this.55 degrees..55 is the actual value of the heartbeat for a human being.. If we subtract 46 minutes from the sputa arrived at by using Lahiri ephemeris. Example for calculating Ayanamsa for any year: Hari Ayanamsa for 1995 = (1995 . based on the fiducial star Moola (240º). Here another striking similarity attracts our attention. two new ideas are introduced and the author dives deep into old Suryasidhantha to prove them. 108 divisions of Nakshatras (3º20’each) and the above-said actual position of vernal equinox at Kaliyugadi (46º40’). He proves how the zodiac 52 sec was divided into Rasis or Signs and Nakshatras or Stars.

trying to comprehend the perfect rhythm of the universe. That means in 7200 years the mean values for planets complete. for example take. we can get the number of revolutions of planets per 7200 years. 7200 x 25 = 4320000/24 = 180000 years.(i) Zodiac is considered and presented as a mathematical model in old Suryasidhantha.000/ 600 = 7200. (ii) Even though the creator of Suryasidhantha (Mayan) knew about the actual vernal was equinox at Kaliyugadi as 60º (46º40’).320.98 Mercury = 17937000/600 = 29895. .320. Thus we get Sun = 4. If we consider little bigger period.0433 The results are very near to whole numbers. for the perfection of this mathematical model.033 Venus = 7022388/600 = 11703.00 Rahu = 232226/600 = 387. According to the precession considered in old Suryasidhantha: Precessional Cycle = 21600 years (instead of 25758 years) If we relate this to Yuga years 432000 (Kaliyuga) = 21600 x 20 4. (in old Kaliyugadi Ayanamsa considered Suryasidhantha).04 Jupiter = 364200/600 = 607.00 Mars = 296824/600 = 3828. we can prove that it contains whole number of revolutions.000 (Mahayuga) = 21600 x 200 Mahayuga = 200 x 360 deg = 72000 years 120º precession=432000/600=7200 years (instead of 8586 Years) If we divide the number of revolution of planets in a Mahayuga by 600. whole number of revolutions.

In other words Kali-Yugadi Ayanamsa should be 60 deg (mathematically). How can we know that the year length used in Suryasidhantha was 365. “As the old Surya Sidhantha takes all the revolution numbers of planets in whole numbers and multiples of 24. Therefore Year Length = 1577917800/4320000 = 365.25875 was chosen. If we compare with the actual data. (9º37’) For that only Nirayana year with length 365. For this. This is the basic concept of Vedic astronomy.320. in 180000 years. one may feel that it is an error. Thus.25875 days . for such a model? What was the need All these mathematical exercises were done to relate the Yugadi Mesha-Sankranti with the new moon day. But in reality.000 years.25875 days? According to Old Suryasidhantha the average number of days in a Mahayuga was 1577917800 days. the Precessional Cycle is a mathematical model put forward by the creator of Suryasidhantha. the Mesha Sankranti at the beginning of Yuga was considered to happen.The author says. It was not because that the author did not know the actual Nirayana year length. it necessitates vernal equinox to be at 60 deg in the beginning of Kali-Yuga (Instead of at 46 deg 40 min). The actual precession according to Suryasidhantha was 50”. 9 days and 37 Ghatis ahead. the mean positions of planets conjunct at zero-point. Suryasidhantha relates the imaginary mean positions of planets at the start of Yuga to the actual planetary positions occurring after 3600 years” As Suryasidhantha takes 4320000 as a Mahayuga. instead of (the real) 46 deg 40 min. One Mahayuga is 4. the precessional Cycle (for 360º) becomes 21600 years.

(iii) of Rahu-Sikhi (Serpents-Kalasarpa) is the underlying factor Kundalini in yoga is also symbolized as Rasichakra serpent. (iv) Kalapurusha is a concept in astrology .Sankhya and Yoga also speak about Purusha. It appears as if these facts led Sri Chandrahari to formulate the concepts such as Mooladhara Rahu-Sikhi-chakram and rhythm of the universe.] There This goes to clinch the first stellar division (first star) to Jyeshta that falls between the line joining the hypothetical Equinox line of old Suryasidhantha (the line joining 60 deg Vernal equinox and 240 deg fiducial star Moola) and the line joining the actual Equinox line at Yugadi (line joining 46 deg 40 min and 226 deg 40 min).In yoga Kundalini (serpent power) is important. [This needs further . (music of the stars or biological clock Some other striking similarities also Some of them are: whatever be the name) have been found by him. The first rasi division (sign - Cancer) falls between the line joining the hypothetical Sayana Rahu-Sikhi (line joining 300º Sayana-Sikhi / planetary conjunction point and 120º Sayana Rahu) and the hypothetical Ecliptic (line joining 330º and 150º) of Old Suryasidhantha. (v) in The universe is Rhythmic . (ii) Horoscope is also called Kundalini .[Really I am not able to figure out how he got that “the actual precession considered by Suryasidhantha as 50 sec. (i) Moola is the base of zodiac division .Mooladhara is the base point from where yoga starts. comes the Zodiac with stars 13º20’ each and Signs with 30 degrees each.The human body also functions rhythm with the universe. Thus.” might be a sufficient reason.

postulates existence Sidereal (Nirayana) Zero-point (Meshadi or Aswinyadi). Prana means 4 seconds. Conclusion: In the view of Chandrahari (i) The Yuga concept is nothing but an innate theory of Ayanamsa. as Tantra/Yoga We have to and Circadianthe rhythm/Biological-clock appreciate efforts of Sri Chandrahari even though his concepts may be proved correct or not. (iii) The Sayana-Nirayana division is deep seated in Hindu mythology and the Vedas have ample proof of this. the Epics and Puranas. Suryasidhantha Aryabhatta I. (ii) Rasichakram by (Zodiac) which is a mathematical the model. Both the (Mayan the creator of Suryasidhantha was only a genius compiler of the then prevailing knowledge) At the end. of put a forward Rishis. and Dharma sasthras like Manusmrithi. 21600’ We have to consider the importance of the number 71. In the first hymn of purushasuktha. According to Yoga and 360º x 60 = Upanishads. “sahasra . Old That is why it was given this much importance by (Includes yuga in Panchasidhanthika is New included in of the of Suryasidhantha The of Varahamihira). as well as the conjunction of 8 planets at this zero-point in the beginning of every Yuga. Sayana and Nirayana systems existed in Vedic period.55] All these similarities must have prompted him to delve deep into the concepts such etc. Panchasiddhantika concept Varaahamihira. one day of a human means 21600 prana.clarification. let me mention one more point taken form the book Rasichakram.

Note: Sri Chandrahari. argues vigorously about the concepts he believes in. everybody knows. The aim of this dissertation is not It is an appreciation Sreenadh sreesog@yahoo. It is evident that the meaning of the (One may escape the ‘many’) that Based on word Sahasra as 1000.. Many astronomical terms are used in this hymn. if the interpretation of Sri Chandrahari is right. point. we may get ample proof for the fact that Vedic Knowledge is really amazing. a purusha As with 1000 heads. 1000 heads may need 2000 eyes and 2000 legs for a superhuman form. does not fit well. Sahasra means This is noteworthy. by saying that some Sahasra scholars means say Brahmana.. 1000 eyes and 1000 legs gets a mention.seersha purusha sahasraksha sahasra path.”.com to advocate the views of Chandra-Hari. . His ideas are stunning and are capable of capturing the attention of those who are sincerely searching the truth of astrology.. with true dedication towards astrological research. confusion sathapatha ‘circle’. of his mathematical concepts. The following elaboration can clarify the Seersha Circle (Sahasra seersha purusha) = Prime meridian Aksha Circle (Sahasraksha) = Celestial Equator Patha Circle (Sahasrapath) = Nodal Circle Bhoomi Circle (Sa-Bhoomim) = Horizon Viswa Circle (Viswatho vrithva) = Ecliptic Now..

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