rZÑdredum,f

rlvyPÖmoygVdawmf
jrefrmjyef
-----earm wó b*0awm t&[awm or®morÁK'¨ó/

1- rlvy&d,m,0*f
1- rlvy&d,m,okwf
1/ tuREkfyfonf þodkY Mum;emcJh&ygonf- tcgwpfyg;ü jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
Ouú|NrdKU1 okb*awmtkyf2 awmpdk;opfyif&if;ü aeawmfrl\/ xdktcgü jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
&[ef;wdkYudk ]]&[ef;wdkY}} [k ac:awmfrl\/ ]]toQifbk&m;}} [k xdk&[ef;wdkYonf
jrwfpGmbk&m;tm;
jyefMum;avQmufxm;ukef\/
jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
þpum;udk
rdefYawmfrl\/
]]&[ef;wdkY w&m;tm;vHk;wdkY\ taMumif;&if;a'oem ]oAÁ"r®rlvy&d,m,okwf}udk
oifwdkYtm; a[mMum;aytHh? xdka'oemudk emukefavmh? aumif;pGm ESvHk;oGif;ukefavmh?
a[mMum;aytHh}} [k (rdefYawmfrl\)/
]]toQifbk&m;
aumif;ygNyD}}
[k
xdk&[ef;wdkYonf
jrwfpGmbk&m;tm;
jyefMum;avQmufxm;ukef\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;onf þw&m;a'oemudk a[mMum;awmfrl\/
2/ &[ef;wdkY þavmuü t&d,mwdkYudk zl;jrifavhr&Sdç t&d,mw&m;ü rvdr®mç
t&d,mw&m;ü ,Ofaus;rI ]0denf;} r&Sdaom? olawmfaumif;wdkYudk zl;jrifavhr&Sdç
olawmfaumif;w&m;ü rvdr®mç olawmfaumif;w&m;ü ,Ofaus;rI ]0denf;} r&Sdaom
tMum;tjrifr&Sdol ykxkZOfonf- ajrudk ajr[k rSwf\? ajrudk ajr[k rSwfí ajrudk MuH\?
ajrü MuH\? ajrrS MuH\? ajrudk igh ([m) [k MuH\? ajrudk a&S;½IESpfouf\/ xdkodkY
jzpfjcif;onf tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrl- xdkolonf (xdkajrudk) ydkif;jcm;í
rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
a&udk a&[k rSwf\? a&udk a&[k rSwfí a&udk MuH\? a&ü MuH\? a&rS MuH\?
a&udkigh
([m)
[k
MuH\?
a&udk
a&S;½IESpfouf\/
xdkodkY
jzpfjcif;onftb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrl- xdkolonf (xdka&udk) ydkif;jcm;í
rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
rD;udk rD;[k rSwf\? rD;udk rD;[k rSwfí rD;udk MuH\? rD;ü MuH\? rD;rS MuH\? rD;udk igh
([m)
[k
MuH\?
rD;udk
a&S;½IESpfouf\/
xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf

tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrlxdkolonf
(xdkrD;udk)
ydkif;jcm;í
rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
avudk av[k rSwf\? avudk av[k rSwfí avudk MuH\? avü MuH\? avrS MuH\?
avudkigh ([m) [k MuH\? avudk a&S;½IESpfouf\/ xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf
tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrlxdkolonf
(xdkavudk)
ydkif;jcm;í
rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
3/ owå0gwdkYudk owå0gwdkY[k rSwf\? owå0gwdkYudk owå0gwdkY[k rSwfí
owå0gwdkYudk MuH\? owå0gwdkYü MuH\? owå0gwdkYrS MuH\? owå0gwdkYudk igh ([m) [k
MuH\?
owå0gwdkYudk
a&S;½IESpfouf\/
xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf
tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrl- xdkolonf (xdkowå0gwdkYudk) ydkif;jcm;í rodaom
aMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
ewfwdkYudk ewfwdkY[k rSwf\? ewfwdkYudk ewfwdkY[k rSwfí ewfwdkYudk MuH\? ewfwdkYü
MuH\? ewfwdkYrS MuH\? ewfwdkYudk igh ([m) [k MuH\? ewfwdkYudk a&S;½IESpfouf\/
xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onftb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrl- xdkolonf (xdkewfwdkYudk) ydkif;jcm;í
rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
rm&fewfudk rm&fewf[k rSwf\? rm&fewfudk rm&fewf[k rSwfí rm&fewfudk MuH\?
rm&fewfü MuH\? rm&fewfrS MuH\? rm&fewfudk igh ([m) [k MuH\? rm&fewfudk
a&S;½IESpfouf\/ xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrl- xdkolonf
(xdkrm&fewfudk) ydkif;jcm;í rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
jA[®mudk jA[®m[k rSwf\? jA[®mudk jA[®m[k rSwfí jA[®mudk MuH\? jA[®mü MuH\?
jA[®mrS MuH\? jA[®mudk igh ([m) [k MuH\? jA[®mudk a&S;½IESpfouf\/ xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf
tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrlxdkolonf
(xdkjA[®mudk)
ydkif;jcm;í
rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
tmbó&jA[®mwdkYudk tmbó&jA[®mwdkY[k rSwf\? tmbó&jA[®mwdkYudk
tmbó&jA[®mwdkY[k rSwfí tmbó&jA[®mwdkYudk MuH\? tmbó&jA[®mwdkYü MuH\?
tmbó&jA[®mwdkYrS MuH\? tmbó&jA[®mwdkYudk igh ([m) [k MuH\?
tmbó&jA[®mwdkYudk a&S;½IESpfouf\/ xdkodkY jzpfjcif;onf tb,ftaMumif;aMumifh
enf;[lrl - xdkolonf (xdktmbó&jA[®mwdkYudk) ydkif;jcm;í rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k
(igbk&m;) qdk\/
okbudPSjA[®mwdkYudk okbudPSjA[®mwdkY[k rSwf\? okbudPSjA[®mwdkYudk
okbudPSjA[®mwdkY[k rSwfí okbudPSjA[®mwdkYudk MuH\? okbudPSjA[®mwdkYü MuH\?
okbudPSjA[®mwdkYrS MuH\? okbudPSjA[®mwdkYudk igh ([m) [k MuH\?
okbudPSjA[®mwdkYudk
a&S;½IESpfouf\/
xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf
tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrlxdkolonf
(xdkokbudPSjA[®mwdkYudk)
ydkif;jcm;írodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/

a0[yædKvfjA[®mwdkYudk
a0[yædKvfjA[®mwdkY[k
rSwf\?
a0[yædKvfjA[®mwdkYudk
a0[yædKvfjA[®mwdkY[krSwfí a0[yædKvfjA[®mwdkYudk MuH\? a0[yædKvfjA[®mwdkYü MuH\?
a0[yædKvfjA[®mwdkYrS MuH\? a0[yædKvfjA[®mwdkYudk igh ([m) [k MuH\?
a0[yædKvfjA[®mwdkYudk
a&S;½IESpfouf\/
xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf
tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrl- xdkolonf (xdka0[yædKvfjA[®mwdkYudk) ydkif;jcm;í
rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
tbdbljA[®mudkÄ tbdbljA[®m3[k rSwf\? tbdbljA[®mudk tbdbljA[®m[k rSwfí
tbdbljA[®mudk MuH\? tbdbljA[®mü MuH\? tbdbljA[®mrS MuH\? tbdbljA[®mudk igh
([m)
[k
MuH\?
tbdbljA[®mudk
a&S;½IESpfouf\/
xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf
tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf; [lrl- xdkolonf (xdktbdbljA[®mudk) ydkif;jcm;í
rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
4/
tmumomeÍöm,wejA[®mudk
tmumomeÍöm,wejA[®m[k
rSwf\?
tmumomeÍöm,wejA[®mudk
tmumomeÍöm,wejA[®m[k
rSwfí
tmumomeÍöm,wejA[®mudk
MuH\?
tmumomeÍöm,we
jA[®mü
MuH\?
tmumomeÍöm,wejA[®mrS MuH\? tmumomeÍöm,wejA[®mudkigh ([m) [k MuH\?
tmumomeÍöm,wejA[®mudk
a&S;½IESpfouf\/
xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf
tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrlxdkolonf
(xkdtmumomeÍöm,wejA[®mudk)
ydkif;jcm;í rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
0dnmPÍöm,wejA[®mudk
0dnmPÍöm,wejA[®m[k
rSwf\?
0dnmPÍöm,wejA[®mudk 0dnmPÍöm,wejA[®m[k rSwfí 0dnmPÍöm,wejA[®mudk
MuH\?
0dnmPÍöm,wejA[®mü
MuH\?
0dnmPÍöm,wejA[®mrS
MuH\?
0dnmPÍöm,wejA[®mudk igh ([m) [k MuH\? 0dnmPÍöm,wejA[®mudk a&S;½IESpfouf\/
xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf
tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrlxdkolonf
(xkd0dnmPÍöm,wejA[®mudk) ydkif;jcm;í rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
tmudÍönm,wejA[®mudk
tmudÍönm,wejA[®m[k
rSwf\?
tmudÍönm,wejA[®mudktmudÍönm,wejA[®m[k rSwfí tmudÍönm,wejA[®mudk
MuH\?
tmudÍönm,wejA[®mü
MuH\?
tmudÍönm,wejA[®mrS
MuH\?
tmudÍönm,wejA[®mudk igh ([m) [k MuH\? tmudÍönm,we jA[®mudk
a&S;½IESpfouf\/ xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onftb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrl- xdkolonf (xkd
tmudÍönm,wejA[®mudk) ydkif;jcm;írodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
ae0onmemonm,wejA[®mudk
ae0onmemonm,wejA[®m[k
rSwf\?
ae0onmemonm,wejA[®mudk
ae0onmemonm,wejA[®m[k
rSwfí
ae0onmemonm,wejA[®mudk MuH\? ae0onmemonm,wejA[®mü MuH\?
ae0onmemonm,wejA[®mrS MuH\? ae0onm emonm,we jA[®mudk igh ([m) [k
MuH\?
ae0onmemonm,wejA[®mudka&S;½IESpfouf\/
xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf

tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrl- xdkolonf (xdkae0onmemonm,wejA[®m udk)
ydkif;jcm;í rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
5/ jriftyfaom tqif;udk jriftyfaom tqif;[k rSwf\? jriftyfaom tqif;udk
jriftyfaomtqif;[k rSwfí jriftyfaom tqif;udk MuH\? jriftyfaom tqif;ü MuH\?
jrif tyfaomtqif;rS MuH\? jriftyfaom tqif;udk igh ([m) [k MuH\? jriftyfaom
tqif;udka&S;½IESpfouf\/ xdkodkY jzpfjcif;onf tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrlxdkolonf (xdkjriftyfaomtqif;udk) ydkif;jcm;í rodaom aMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;)
qdk\/
Mum;tyfaom toHudk Mum;tyfaom toH[k rSwf\? Mum;tyfaom toHudk
Mum;tyfaomtoH[k rSwfí Mum;tyfaom toHudk MuH\? Mum;tyfaom toHü MuH\?
Mum;tyfaom toHrS MuH\? Mum;tyfaom toHudk igh ([m) [k MuH\? Mum;tyfaom
toHudk a&S;½IESpfouf\/ xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrlxdkolonf (xdkMum;tyfaomtoHudk) ydkif;jcm;í rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;)
qdk\/
awGUxdtyfaom teHU t&om tawGUtxdudk awGUxdtyfaom teHU t&om
tawGUtxd[krSwf\? awGUxdtyfaom teHU t&om tawGUtxdudk awGUxdtyfaom teHU
t&omtawGUtxd[k rSwfí awGUxdtyfaom teHU t&om tawGUtxdudk MuH\?
awGUxdtyfaom teHUt&om tawGU txdü MuH\? awGUxdtyfaom teHU t&om
tawGUtxdrS MuH\? awGUxdtyfaom teHU t&om tawGUtxdudk igh ([m) [k MuH\?
awGUxdtyfaom teHU t&omtawGUtxdudk a&S;½IESpfouf\/ xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf
tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrl- xdkolonf (xdkawGUxdtyfaom teHU t&om
tawGUtxdudk) ydkif;jcm;í rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
txl;odtyfaom tm½Hkudk txl;odtyfaom tm½Hk[k rSwf\? txl;odtyfaom
tm½Hkudk txl;odtyfaom tm½Hk[k rSwfí txl;odtyfaom tm½Hkudk MuH\?
txl;odtyfaom tm½Hkü MuH\? txl; odtyfaom tm½HkrS MuH\? txl;odtyfaom
tm½Hkudk igh ([m) [k MuH\? txl;odtyfaom tm½Hkudk a&S;½IESpfouf\/
xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onfhtb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrl- xdkolonf (xdk txl;odtyfaom
tm½Hkudk) ydkif;jcm;írodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
6/
wpfckwnf;jzpfjcif;
(psmeformywfpdwf)
udk
wpfckwnf;jzpfjcif;
(psmeformywfpdwf) [k rSwf\? wpfckwnf;jzpfjcif; (psmeformywfpdwf) udk
wpfckwnf;jzpfjcif;
(psmeformywfpdwf)
[k
rSwfíwpfckwnf;
jzpfjcif;
(psmeformywfpdwf) udk MuH\? wpfckwnf;jzpfjcif; (psmeformywfpdwf) ü MuH\?
wpfckwnf;jzpfjcif; (psmeformywfpdwf) rS MuH\? wpfckwnf;jzpfjcif; (psmeformywfpdwf)
udk igh ([m) [k MuH\? wpfckwnf; jzpfjcif; (psmeformywfpdwf) udk a&S;½IESpfouf\/
xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrl- xdkolonf (xdkwpfckwnf;jzpfjcif;
]psmeformywfpdwf}udk) ydkif;jcm; í rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/

txl;xl;jzpfjcif; (umrpdwf) udk txl;xl;jzpfjcif; (umrpdwf) [k rSwf\?
txl;xl;jzpfjcif; (umrpdwf) udk txl;xl;jzpfjcif; (umrpdwf) [k rSwfí txl;xl;jzpfjcif;
(umrpdwf) udk MuH\? txl;xl;jzpfjcif; (umrpdwf) ü MuH\? txl;xl;jzpfjcif;
(umrpdwf) rS MuH\? txl;xl;jzpfjcif; (umrpdwf) udk igh ([m) [k MuH\?
txl;xl;jzpfjcif;
(umrpdwf)
udk
a&S;½IESpfouf\/
xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf
tb,ftaMumif;aMumifh enf;[lrl- xdkolonf (xdktxl;xl;jzpfjcif; ]umrpdwf}udk)
ydkif;jcm;í rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
tvHk;pHkudk tvHk;pHk[k rSwf\? tvHk;pHkudk tvHk;pHk[k rSwfí tvHk;pHkudk MuH\? tvHk;pHkHü
MuH\? tvHk;pHkrS MuH\? tvHk;pHkudk igh ([m) [k MuH\? tvHk;pHkudk a&S;½IESpfouf\/
xdkodkYjzpfjcif; onftb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrl- xdkolonf (xdktvHk;pHkudk)
ydkif;jcm;í rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
edAÁmefudk edAÁmef[k rSwf\? edAÁmefudk edAÁmef[k rSwfí edAÁmefudk MuH\? edAÁmefü MuH\?
edAÁmefrS MuH\? edAÁmefudk igh ([m) [k MuH\? edAÁmefudk a&S;½IESpfouf\/ xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf
tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrlxdkolonf
(xdkedAÁmefudk)
ydkif;jcm;í
rodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
ykxkZOf\ tpGrf;tm;jzifh yXrenf; bHktydkif;tjcm;NyD;\/
-----7/ &[ef;wdkY twkrJhaom a,m*av;yg;wdkY\ ukef&m t&[wåzdkvfudk
awmifhwaeaomt&[wåzdkvfodkY ra&mufao;aom aou©&[ef;onfvnf;- ajrudk ajr[k
txl;od\? ajrudk ajr[ktxl;odí ajrudk rMuH&m? ajrü rMuH&m? ajrrS rMuH&m? ajrudk igh
([m)
[k
rMuH&m?
ajrudk
a&S;½IrESpfouf&m/
xdkodkY
jzpfjcif;onf
tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;
[lrlxdkolonf
(xdkajrudk)
ydkif;jcm;í
odaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
a&udk/y/ rD;udk/ avudk/ owå0gwdkYudk/ ewfwdkYudk/ rm&fewfudk/ jA[®mudk/
tmbó&jA[®mwdkYudk/ okbudPSjA[®mwdkYudk/ a0[yædKvfjA[®mwdkYudk/ tbdbljA[®mudk/
tmumomeÍöm,wejA[®mudk/ 0dnmPÍöm,wejA[®mudk/ tmudÍönm,wejA[®mudk/
ae0onmemonm,wejA[®mudk/ jriftyfaom tqif;udk/ Mum;tyfaom toHudk/
awGUxdtyfaom teHU t&om tawGUtxdudk/ txl;odtyfaom tm½Hkudk/
wpfckwnf;jzpfjcif; (psmeformywfpdwf) udk/ txl;xl;jzpfjcif; (umrpdwf) udk/ tvHk;pHkudk/
edAÁmefudk edAÁmef[k txl;od\? edAÁmefudk edAÁmef[ktxl;odí edAÁmefudk rMuH&m? edAÁmefü
rMuH&m? edAÁmefrS rMuH&m? edAÁmefudk igh ([m) [k rMuH&m? hedAÁmefudk a&S;½IrESpf ouf&m/
xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf tb,ftaMumif;aMumifh enf;[lrl- xdkolonf (xdkedAÁmefudk) ydkif;jcm;
íodaomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
aou©yk*¾dKvf\ tpGrf;tm;jzifh 'kwd,enf; bHktydkif;tjcm;NyD;\/

-----8/ &[ef;wdkY tmoa0gukefNyD;aom r*ftusifhudk usifhoHk;NyD;aom jyKzG,fudpöudk
jyKNyD;aom 0efudkcsxm;NyD;aom (t&[wåzdkvf[laom) udk,fusKd; udk,fpD;yGm;udk &NyD;aom
b0oHa,mZOftm;vHk;ukefNyD;aom aumif;pGmodí vGwfajrmufNyD;aom &[EÅm&[ef;
onfvnf;- ajrudk ajr[k txl;od\? ajrudk ajr[k txl;odí ajrudk rMuH? ajrü rMuH?
ajrrS rMuH? ajrudkigh ([m) [k rMuH? ajrudk a&S;½IrESpfouf/ xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf
tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrlxdkolonf
(xdkajrudk)
ydkif;jcm;í
odNyD;aomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
a&udk/y/ rD;udk/ avudk/ owå0gwdkYudk/ ewfwdkYudk/ rm&fewfudk/ jA[®mudk/ tmbó&
jA[®mwdkYudk/
okbudPSjA[®mwdkYudk/
a0[yædKvfjA[®mwdkYudk/
tbdbljA[®mudk/
tmumomeÍöm,wejA[®mudk/ 0dnmPÍöm,wejA[®mudk/ tmudÍönm,wejA[®mudk/
ae0onmemonm,wejA[®mudk/ jriftyfaom tqif;udk/ Mum;tyfaom toHudk/
awGUxdtyfaom teHU t&omtawGU txdudk/ txl;odtyfaom tm½Hkudk/
wpfckwnf;jzpfjcif; (psmeformywfpdwf) udk/ txl;xl;jzpfjcif; (umrpdwf) udk/ tvHk;pHkudk/
edAÁmefudk edAÁmef[k txl;od\? edAÁmefudk edAÁmef[ktxl;odí edAÁmefudk rMuH? edAÁmefü rMuH?
edAÁmefrS rMuH? edAÁmefudk igh ([m) [k rMuH? edAÁmefudka&S;½IrESpfouf/ xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf
tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf; [lrl- xdkolonf (xdkedAÁmefudk) ydkif;jcm;íodNyD;jzpf
aomaMumifhwnf;[k (igbk&m;) qdk\/
&[EÅm\ tpGrf;tm;jzifh wwd,enf; bHktydkif;tjcm;NyD;\/
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jyKNyD;aom 0efudkcsxm;NyD;aom (t&[wåzdkvf[laom) udk,fusKd; udk,fpD;yGm;udk &NyD;aom
b0oHa,mZOftm;vHk;ukefNyD;aom
aumif;pGmodí
vGwfajrmufNyD;aom
&[EÅm
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rMuH? ajrrS rMuH? ajrudkigh ([m) [k rMuH? ajrudk a&S;½I rESpfouf/ xdkodkY jzpfjcif;onf
tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;[lrlwyfpGef;rIukefaomtm;jzifh
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awGUxdtyfaom teHU t&omtawGU txdudk/ txl;odtyfaom tm½Hkudk/
wpfckwnf;jzpfjcif; (psmeformywfpdwf) udk/ txl;xl;jzpfjcif; (umrpdwf) udk/ tvHk;pHkudk/
edAÁmefudk edAÁmef[k txl;od\? edAÁmefudk edAÁmef[ktxl;odí edAÁmefudk rMuH? edAÁmefü rMuH?
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tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;
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tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;
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tb,ftaMumif;aMumifhenf;
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ajr[k txl;odí ajrudk rMuH? ajrü rMuH? ajrrS rMuH? ajrudkigh ([m) [k rMuH? ajrudk
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rSefpGm odaom yk*¾dKvfwpfrsKd. r&Sd}} [k[kwfwkdif.r&Sdonfjzpfvsuf ]]ig\pdwfoEÅmefü udavomtnpftaMu.&Sdaom yk*¾dKvfESpfrsKd.&Sd\}} [k[kwfwkdif.)wdkYwGif udavomtnpftaMu.)wdkYwGif udavomtnpftaMu.r&Sdonf jzpfvsuf ]]ig\ pdwfoEÅmefü udavomtnpftaMu./ ighoQif om&dykMwm þudavomtnpftaMu.? udavomtnpft aMu. ]a'go} &SdolawGa0jcif. þoabmom {uefjzpf&rnf/ .\ taMumif.&Sd\}} [k[kwfwkdif. &Sd\}} [k[kwfwkdif. r&Sd}} [k[kwfwkdif.rSefpGm rodaom yk*¾dKvfukd udavomtnpftaMu.)wdkYwGif udavomtnpftaMu.wdkYESifhwuG npfEGrf. r&Sdonfjzpfvsuf ]]ig\ pdwfoEÅmefü udavomtnpftaMu.? udavomtnpftaMu.wdkYwGif .kwfnHhaomyk*¾dKvf[lí ac:qkd&\/ ighoQifwdkY xkd (yk*¾dKvfav.ukd jrifhjrwfaomyk*¾dKvf[k ac:qkd&jcif.rsKd.ukd .xkwfvdrfhrnf r[kwf? vkHUvpGrf.]t*FP}&Sdvsuf ]]ig\ pdwfoEÅmefü udavomhtnpftaMu. ]&m*} &Sdol jypfrSm.rSefpGm odaom yk*¾dKvfukd udavomtnpftaMu.&Sdvsuf ]]ig\ pdwfoEÅmefü udavomtnpftaMu.f&ef tvkdqE´ukd jzpfapvdrfhrnf r[kwf? tm.jcif.&Sdaom yk*¾dKvfESpfrsKd.awmfrl\ ]]ighoQif om&dykMwm þudavomtnpftaMu.&Sdvsuf ]]ig\ pdwfoEÅmefüudavomtnpftaMu.aom pdwf&SdoljzpfvsufaovGef&vwåHU? xkdyk*¾dKvf tm.&Sdaomyk*¾dKvfESpfrsKd. &Sd\}} [k[kwfwkdif. r&Sdaom yk*¾dKvfESpfrsKd.jref.ukd BudK.kwfnHhaom yk*¾dKvf[k ac:qkd&í wpfrsKd. r&Sd}} [k[kwfwkdif.fygenf.[k (ar.rsKd.awmfrl\)/ 59/ ighoQif xkd (yk*¾dKvfESpfrsKd. ]arm[} &Sdol udavomtnpftaMu.wdkYwnf. &Sd\}} [k[kwfwkdif.yrf.kwfnHhaomyk*¾dKvf[lí ac:qkd&\/ ighoQifwdkY xkd (yk*¾dKvfav.rsKd.\ taMumif. tb. r&Sd}} [k[kwfwkdif.kwfnHhaom yk*¾dKvf[k ac:qkd&í wpfrsKd.rsKd.taxmuftyHhum.rSefpGm rodaom yk*¾dKvfwpfrsKd.rSefpGm rodaom yk*¾dKvfwpfrsKd.wdkYwGif jrifhjrwfaomyk*¾dKvf[lí ac:qkd&\[k (a[mawmfrl\)/ 58/ þodkY a[mMum.wdkYwGif wpfrsKd.awmfrlvwfaomf toQifr[marm*¾vmefonf toQifom&dykMwmukd þodkYar.wdkYwGif wpfrsKd.wdkYwGif .)wdkYwGif udavomtnpftaMu.&Sdvsuf ]]ig\ pdwfoEÅmefüudavomtnpftaMu.ukd .vdrfhrnf r[kwf/ xkdyk*¾dKvfonf wyfrufjcif.wdkYwGif jrifhjrwfaomyk*¾dKvf[lí ac:qkd&\/ ighoQifwdkY xkd (yk*¾dKvfav.rSefpGm rodaom yk*¾dKvfonf xkdudavomtnpftaMu.rSefpGm odaom yk*¾dKvfwpfrsKd.fygenf.rSefpGm rodaom yk*¾dKvfukd udavomtnpftaMu.rSefpGm odaom yk*¾dKvfukd udavomtnpftaMu.ukd y.? udavomtnpftaMu.jref.)/ ighoQifwdkY xkd (yk*¾dKvfav.rsKd. tb.r&Sdaom yk*¾dKvfESpfrsKd.ukd jrifhjrwfaomyk*¾dKvf[k ac:qkd&jcif.? (þyk*¾dKvfav. r&Sdonf jzpfvsuf ]]ig\ pdwfoEÅmefü udavomtnpftaMu. r&Sdaom yk*¾dKvfESpfrsKd.)wdkYwGif udavom tnpftaMu.taxmuftyHhum. &Sdvsuf ]]ig\ pdwfoEÅmefü udavomtnpftaMu.

ukd y.rSefpGm rodaom yk*¾dKvfonf xkdudavomtnpftaMu.wOf.f&eftvkdqE´ukd jzpfapvwåHU? tm. ]a'go} &Sdol awGa0jcif.rSefpGm rodaom yk*¾dKvfonf wifhw.lcJh&m\? xkdaMu.wOf.tHh? pifMu..wuf&m onf r[kwfavm[k (ar.cGufukd aqmif.vdrfhrnf? xkdyk*¾dKvfonfwyfrufjcif. ]&m*} r&SdbJ Murf.SufzkH.tHh? jrLrIefY&Sd&müvnf.r&SdbJ npfEGrf. aps.ighoQif Oyrmaomfum.rSjzpfap? yef.&Sdvsuf ]]ig\ pdwfoEÅmefü udavomtnpftaMu.ukd BudK.okH.awmfrl\)/ ighoQif rSefygay\[k (avQmuf\)/ ighoQif þOyrmtwlyif udavomtnpftaMu.ukd BudK.rSefpGm odaom yk*¾dKvfonf xkdudavomtnpftaMu.xkdaMu.&Sdvsuf ]]ig\ pdwfoEÅmefü udavomtnpftaMu.awmfrl\)/ ighoQif rSefygay\[k (avQmuf\)/ ighoQif þOyrmtwlyif udavomtnpftaMu.fumjzLazG. xkdaMu.aom pdwf&Sdoljzpfvsuf aovGef&vwåHU? xkdyk*¾dKvftm.aom pdwfr&SdbJ aovGef&vwåHU? xkdyk*¾dKvftm.orm.fatmifvnf.tHh? pifMu.ukefjim.jcif.rSefpGm odaom yk*¾dKvfonf xkdudavomtnpftaMu.ukd y.cGufukd ykdif&SifwdkYonf okH.f&eftvkdqE´ukd jzpfapvdrfhrnf r[kwf? tm.tHh? ighoQif xkdaMu.aqmifukefjim.vwåHU? xkdyk*¾dKvfonf wyfrufjcif.tdrfrSjzpfap? jrLrIefYtnpftaMu. þoabmom {uefjzpf&rnf/ ighoQif Oyrmaomfum.cGufukd aqmif.aqmifukef jim.orm. ]a'go} r&SdbJ awGa0jcif.fatmifvnf.lcJh&m\? xkdaMu.tHh? jrLrIefY&Sd&müvnf.vdrfhrnfr[kwf? xkdyk*¾dKvfonf wyfrufjcif.tHh? ighoQif xkdaMu. rokwfoifukefjim.rSjzpfap? yef.)wdkYwGif udavomtnpftaMu.jzifh ajr§.. ]arm[} r&SdbJ udavomtnpftaMu.vnf.jcif.jzifhajr§. ]&m*} r&SdbJ jypfrSm.vTrf.jypfrSm.tdrfrSjzpfap? jrLrIefYtnpftaMu.vwåHU? wifhw.r&Sd}} [k[kwfwkdif. ]arm[} r&SdbJ udavomtnpftaMu.cGufukd ykdif&SifwdkYonf okH.yrf.r&Sdonf jzpfvsuf ]]ig\ pdwfoEÅmefü udavomtnpftaMu.aeaom aMu.wdkYESifhwuG npfEGrf.aeaom aMu.xkwfvdrfhrnf r[kwf? vkHUvpGrf.&Sd\}} [k[kwfwkdif. okwfoifMuukefjim.SufzkH. ]a'go} r&SdbJ awGa0jcif.ukefjim. ]&m*} &Sdol jypfrSm.)wdkYwGif udavomtnpftaMu. þoabmom {uefjzpf&rnf/ ighoQif xkd (yk*¾dKvfESpfrsKd.cGufukd xm. ]arm[} &SdoludavomtnpftaMu.ukd y.cGufonf aemiftcgü omvGefnpfayumtnpftaMu. &Sd\}} [k[kwfwkdif.wrf.oGif.aom pdwfr&SdbJ aovGef&vwåHU? xkdyk*¾dKvftm.þoabmom {uefjzpf&rnf/ ighoQif xkd (yk*¾dKvfESpfrsKd.&Sdvsuf ]]ig\ pdwfoEÅmefü udavomtnpftaMu.vnf.faom tm½kHukd .cGufonf aemiftcgü omvGefpifMu.xkwfvdrfhrnf? vkHUvpGrf.yrf. aps.jcif.ukd BudK.cGufukd rxm.faomtm½kH ]okbedrdwf}ukd ESvkH.yrf.f&eftvkdqE´ukd jzpfapvdrfhrnf? tm.&Sd\}} [k[kwfwkdif.rokH.r&SdbJ npfEGrf.xkwfvwåHU? vkHUvpGrf.vTrf.&monf r[kwf avm[k (ar.

r&Sdonf jzpfvsuf ]]ig\ pdwfoEÅmefü udavomtnpftaMu. aps. þoabmom {uefjzpf&rnf/ ighoQif xkd (yk*¾dKvfESpfrsKd.aqmifukefjim.rSefpGm rodaom yk*¾dKvfonf wifhw.orm. xkdaMu.fjzLazG.jcif.oGif.oGif. ]&m*} r&SdbJ Murf. okwfoifukefjim.r&Sdonf jzpfvsuf ]]ig\ pdwfoEÅmefüudavomtnpftaMu.ESvkH.aom aMu.cGufukd aqmif.rSjzpfap? yef. ]&m*} onf vTrf.&monf r[kwfavm[k (ar.fatmifvnf.vdrfhrnf r[kwf? wifhw.cGufukd ykdif&SifwdkYonf okH.zsufqD.roGif.roGif.jcif.jcif.aMumifh xkdyk*¾dKvf\pdwfukdf wyfrufjcif. ]a'go}&Sdol awGa0jcif.oGif.rkd.rSefpGm odaom yk*¾dKvfonf wifhw.cGufonf aemiftcgü omvGefnpfayum tnpftaMu. ]arm[}&Sdol udavomtnpftaMu.wrf.r&Sd}} [k[kwfwkdif.jcif.vnf. xkdaMu. rokwfoifukefjim.orm.rkd. ]arm[} r&SdbJudavomtnpftaMu.)wdkYwGif udavomtnpftaMu.rkd.zsufqD.okH.ukefjim.rSefpGm odaom yk*¾dKvfonf wifhw.aomaMu. þoabmom {uefjzpf&rnf/ ighoQif Oyrmaomfum.jcif.fum jzLazG.tdrfrSjzpfap? pifMu.oGif.r&Sd}} [k[kwfwkdif.wuf&monfr[kwfavm[k (ar.aompdwf&Sdoljzpfvsuf aovGef&vwåHU? xkdyk*¾dKvftm.aMumifh xkdyk*¾dKvf\ pdwfukdf wyfrufjcif. ]&m*}&Sdol jypfrSm.faomtm½kH ]okbedrdwf}ukd ESvkH.aqmifukefjim.vwåHU? xkdyk*¾dKvfonf wyfrufjcif.aom pdwfr&SdbJ aovGef&vwåHU? xkdyk*¾dKvftm.awmfrl\)/ ighoQif rSefygay\[k (avQmuf\)/ ighoQif þOyrmtwlyif udavomtnpftaMu.rkd.wOf.1tdrfrSjzpfap? pifMu.faom tm½kHukd ESvkH.aMumifh xkdyk*¾dKvf\pdwfukdf wyfrufjcif.vwåHU? wifhw.vdrfhrnfr[kwf? xkdyk*¾dKvfonf wyfrufjcif.cGufukd rxm.jcif.zsufqD.fatmifvnf.vdrfhrnf r[kwf? wifhw.tHh? pifMu.jypfrSm. ]arm[}&Sdol udavomtnpftaMu.ukefjim.wdkYESifhwuG npfEGrf.r&Sd}} [k[kwfwkdif.tHh? jrLrIefY&Sd&müvnf.lcJh&m\? xkdaMu.tHh? ighoQif xkdaMu.cGufukdaqmif.faom tm½kHukd ESvkH.jcif.oGif.vnf. ]&m*} onf vrf. ]a'go} &Sdol awGa0jcif.faomtm½kH ]okbedrdwf} ukd ESvkH.cGufukd ykdif&SifwdkYonf okH.lcJh&m\? xkdaMu.aMumifh xkdyk*¾dKvf\ pdwfukdfhwyfrufjcif.rSjzpfap? yef. þoabmom {uefjzpf&rnf/ ighoQif Oyrmaomfum. ]&m*} &SdoljypfrSm.wOf. ]&m*}onf vrf.cGufukd xm.aom pdwf&Sdoljzpfvsuf aovGef&vwåHU? xkdyk*¾dKvftm. . ]a'go} r&SdbJ awGa0jcif. ]arm[} r&SdbJ udavomtnpftaMu.tHh? jrLrIefY&Sd&müvnf.awmfrl\)/ ighoQif rSefygay\[k (avQmuf\)/ ighoQif þOyrmtwlyif udavomtnpftaMu.wdkYESifhwuG npfEGrf. aps.fjzLazG. ]&m*} r&SdbJ jypfrSm.vdrfhrnf r[kwf? xkdyk*¾dKvfonf wyfrufjcif. ]a'go} r&SdbJ awGa0jcif.tHh? pifMu.faomtm½kH ]okbedrdwf} ukd ESvkH.vwåHU? xkdyk*¾dKvfonf wyfrufjcif.tHh? ighoQifxkdaMu.r&Sdonf jzpfvsuf ]]ig\ pdwfoEÅmefü udavomtnpftaMu. ]&m*} onf vTrf.r&SdbJnpfEGrf.zsufqD. rokH.cGufonf aemiftcgü omvGefpifMu.jcif.faom tm½kHukd ESvkH.

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jcif. cGJjcm.ukd cGJjcm.oavm[k (ar.awmfrl\)/ 100/ ]ighoQif aumif. w&m.&J\ tqHk.odkY a&mufaMumif.ukd jyK\/ ighoQifwdkY þrQjzifhvnf.we} csKyfNidrf. ]oVm. ]or®morm"d}wdkYaywnf.í od\? þodkY oVm.we jzpfaMumif. ]zó}? ESvHk.odkYa&mufaMumif. ]or®m'd|d}/y/ rSefuefpGmwnfMunfjcif.aMumifh oVm.? emrf½kyf jzpfaMumif. ]a0'em}? odrSwfjcif.jcif. ]apwem}? awGUxdjcif. (azmfjyNyD)/ ighoQifwdkY þw&m. ]onm}? aphaqmfjcif.fenf.aMumifh emrf½kyfjzpf\? 0dnmPfcsKyfNidrf.} ukd y.oGif. cGJjcm.l&Sdoljzpfí xkdol\t.ukdvnf.w&m.aumif.tusifhukdvnf.íhod\/ (xkdtcgü) xkdt&d.tusefr&Sd wyfrufrItudef.odkY a&mufaMumif.lonf ajzmifhrwf\? (xkdolonf) w&m.aumif.wdkYukd rDSíjzpfaom Oyg'gef½kyf? ighoQifwdkY þw&m. ]oVm.ESifh jynfhpHkvsuf þolawmfaumif.awmfü ouf0ifMunfndKjcif.í od\? emrf½kyf\csKyfNidrf.ESifh jynfhpHkvsuf þolawmfaumif.fenf.\/ t*Fg&Spfyg.we jzpf\? emrf½kyfwdkYcsKyfNidrf.í od\/ ighoQifwdkY þrQjzifhvnf.ukd cGJjcm. [lonf tb.we} ukd cGJjcm.pkukd emrf ½kyf [líqkd&\? 0dnmPfjzpfjcif.fenf.fpGefYí/y/ 0#fqif. tusifh[lonf tb.mjzpfaom wynfhonf þodkY pdwfjzpf&majcmufyg. cGJjcm.jcif. ]&m*gEko.ukdvnf.mjzpfaom wynfhonf t<uif.mjzpfaom wynfhonf emrf ½kyfukdvnf.avQmufMuukef\)/ ighoQifwdkY &Sdayao.? þ½kyfukdvnf.jcif.jcif.\/ . tusifhaywnf./ cHpm. ]reodum&}? ighoQifwdkY þw&m.odkY a&mufvmoljzpfay\/ ighoQifwdkY emrf½kyf [lonf tb.pkukd ½kyf[lí qkd&\/ þodkYvQifþemrfukdvnf.í od\? þodkY oVm.if.í od\? þodkY oVm./ ighoQifwdkY tMuiftcgü t&d.jcif.t&d.&Sdaom þt&d.jcif.í od\? emrf½kyf jzpfaMumif.yg.r[mbkwfav.pkukd emrf[lí qkd&\/ r[mbkwfav.fenf. cGJjcm.? rSefuefpGmodjrifjcif.jcif.r*fonfyif pdwfjzpf&majcmufyg.\/ ighoQifwdkY t&d.mjzpfaom wynfhonf rSefuefaom t.lonf ajzmifhrwf\? (xkdolonf) w&m.mjzpfaom wynfhonf rSefuefaom t.jcif.wecsKyfNidrf.? emrf½kyf csKyfNidrf.emrf½kyfjzpfjcif.[lonf tb.yg.odkY a&mufaMumif.aMumifh oVm.l&Sdol jzpfí xkdol\ t.aMumifh emrf½kyf csKyfNidrf.í od\? emrf½kyf csKyfNidrf.odkY a&mufvmol jzpfay\[k (a[mMum. t&d.jcif.tusifhukd cGJjcm.? emrf½kyfcsKyfNidrf./ þr*f[lonf tb.fenf.we csKyfNidrf.ygay\}[k/y/ ighoQif/y/ &Sdygao.awmfü ouf0ifMunfndKjcif.jcif.? .wecsKyfNidrf.w&m.

í od\? þodkY emrf½kyfcsKyfNidrf.í od\? þodkY0dnmPfcsKyfNidrf. ]raem0dnmPf}? þajcmufyg.ukd cGJjcm.mjzpfaomwynfhonf t<uif.fenf. ]0dnmPum.0dnmPf}? awG. cGJjcm.jcif.odkY a&mufhvmol jzpfay\/ ighoQifwdkY 0dnmPf [lonf tb.jcif. t&d.í od\/ (xkdtcgü) xkdt&d.wdkYwnf.jcif.jcif.odjcif./ ighoQifwdkY tMuiftcgü t&d.}wdkYonf jrifodjcif./ ighoQifwdkY 0dnmPftaygif. tusifhukd cGJjcm.? rSefuefpGm odjrifjcif.odjcif.í od\? þodkYemrf½kyf jzpfaMumif. tusifhukdvnf. ]or®morm"d}wdkYaywnf. ]&m*gEko. cGJjcm.lonf ajzmifhrwf\? (xkdolonf) w&m.\/ t*Fg&Spfyg.w&m.í od\? 0dnmPfjzpfaMumif. ]or®m'd|d}/y/ rSefuefpGm wnfMunfjcif.í od\? 0dnmPfcsKyfNidrf.oavm[k (ar.w&m. ]Zd0Sg0dnmPf}? xdodjcif.fenf.fenf.ukdvnf. [lonf tb.fpGefYí/y/ 0#fqif.w&m.odkY a&mufvmol jzpfay\[k (a[mMum.awmfü ouf0ifMunfndKjcif.mjzpfaom wynfhonf t<uif. tusifh[lonf tb.ukdvnf. tusifhaywnf.fenf.mjzpfaom wynfhonf þodkY emrf½kyf ukd cGJjcm.ukd cGJjcm.jcif.? rSefuefpGm odjrifjcif.ukd cGJjcm.\/ ighoQifwdkY t&d.} ukd y.&J\ tqHk. ]um.mjzpfaom wynfhonf rSefuefaom t.í od\/ ighoQifwdkY þrQjzifhvnf./ þr*f[lonf tb.ukd jyK\/ ighoQifwdkY þrQjzifhvnf.&J\tqHk.? 0dnmPfcsKyfNidrf. ]pu©K0dnmPf}? Mum.mjzpfaom wynfhonf þodkY 0dnmPfukd cGJjcm.awmfü ouf0ifMunfndKjcif.aMumifh 0dnmPfjzpf\? ocFg&csKyfNidrf.l&Sdoljzpfí xkdol\t. ]aomw0dnmPf}? eHodjcif.mjzpfaom wynfhonf 0dnmPfukdvnf. cGJjcm.jcif.fenf.[lonf tb.ygay\}[k/y/ ighoQif/y/ &Sdygao.? 0dnmPfjzpfaMumif.&Sdaom þt&d./ ocFg&jzpfjcif.odkY a&mufaMumif.í od\/ (xkdtcgü) xkdt&d.í od\? þodkY emrf½kyf csKyfNidrf.jcif.tusefr&Sd wyfrufrI tudef./ þr*f[lonf tb.odkY a&mufaMumif.jcif.odkY a&mufaMumif.lonf ajzmifhrwf\? (xkdolonf) w&m.t*Fg&Spfyg. cGJjcm. ]or®morm"d}wdkYaywnf.ESifh jynfhpHkvsuf þolawmfaumif.í od\? 0dnmPfcsKyfNidrf.jcif.awmfrl\)/ 101/ ]ighoQif aumif.t&d. cGJjcm.ukd cGJjcm.} ukd y. tusifhay wnf.aMumifh 0dnmPf csKyfNidrf. tusifhukdvnf.odkY a&mufaMumif.jcif.avQmufMuukef\)/ ighoQifwdkY &Sdayao.r*fonfyif emrf½kyfcsKyfNidrf.w&m.í od\? þodkY 0dnmPf csKyfNidrf.tusefr&Sd wyfrufrItudef.? 0dnmPfcsKyfNidrf.odkY a&mufaMumif.mjzpfaom wynfhonf rSefuefaom t.fenf.r*fonfyif 0dnmPfcsKyfNidrf. ]Cme0dnmPf}? vsufodjcif.í od\? þodkY0dnmPfjzpfaMumif.ESifh jynfhpHkvsuf þolawmfaumif.&Sdaom þt&d.odkY a&mufaMumif.ukdjyK\/ .fpGefYí/y/ 0#fqif.l&Sdol jzpfí xkdol\ t. ]or®m'd|d}/y/ rSefuefpGm wnfMunfjcif./ ighoQifwdkY tMuiftcgü t&d.jcif. ]&m*gEko.

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]]umr*kPfESifhrpyfaom csrf.\ a0'emwdkYürlvnf.yGg.ysufjcif.ukd.oabmukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfírlvnf.ysufaMumif. ]oHcdwåpdwf}[k od\/ 0du©dwå15 pdwfukdvnf.yg.onf}} [k od\/ umr*kPfESifhpyfaom qif. ]orm[dwpdwf}[k od\/ torm[dw21 pdwfukdvnf. ]&m*ESifhwuGaom pdwf}[k od\? &m*uif. &[ef.onf wPSm'd|dwdkYjzifh) rrSDrwG. ]]umr*kPfESifhrpyfaom qif. ]]umr*kPfESifhpyfaom qif.tm.ae\/ xdkYjyif ]]a0'em onfomvQif&Sd\}} [k xkd&[ef.vQifvnf.fhajcmufyg.jcif.onf}} [k od\/ þodkY rdrd\ a0'emwdkYürlvnf.&JJr[kwf csrf.vQifvnf.vQifvnf. ]tr[*¾Kwfpdwf}[k od\/ oOwå&18 pdwfukdvnf.iSgom jzpf\? (xkd&[ef. ae\/ a0'emwdkYüjzpfaMumif. ae\/ a0'emwdkYü ysufaMumif. rpGJ vrf. ]torm[dwpdwf}[k .jcif.omr[kwfaoma0'emukd cHpm.onf}} [k od\? umr*kPfESifhpyfaom qif.w&m.\a0'emwdkYürlvnf. ]arm[uif. ]]umr*kPfESifhrpyfaom qif.aom pdwfukdvnf.onf pdwfü pdwfukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfíaeoenf.onfa0'emwdkYü a0'emwdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\/ a0'emukd qifjcifjcif. 114/ &[ef.omr[kwfaom a0'emukdcHpm. ]&m*uif.onf}} [k od\/ umr*kPfESifhpyfaom qif.w&m.aom pdwfukdvnf. ]0du©dwåpdwf}[k od\/ r[*¾Kwf16 pdwfukdvnf.&JJr[kwf csrf.frlívnf.ESifh jzpfjcif./ &[ef.aompdwf}[k od\/ oHcdwå14pdwfukdvnf. NyD.iSgom jzpf\? tqifhqifh owdwpfzefwkd. ]a'gouif.fodkYvQif &[ef.wdkY tb.ESifhjzpfjcif.wdkY þomoemawmfü &[ef.vQifvnf. wpfq.aom pdwfukdvnf.aompdwf}[k od\/ a'go12ESifh wuGaom pdwfukdvnf.onf &m* 11 ESifh wuGaom pdwfukdvnf. w&m./ &[ef.&JJaoma0'emukd cHpm.omaom a0'emukdcHpm. ]tEkwå&pdwf}[kod\/ orm[dw20 pdwfukdvnf.\/ ------ pdwfukd qifjcifjcif.od\? umr*kPfESifhrpyfaom csrf. ]arm[ESifhwuGaompdwf}[k od\? arm[uif.omr[kwfaoma0'emukdcHpm. a0'emwdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\? a0'emwdkYü jzpfaMumif.omr[kwfaom a0'emukd cHpm. a0'emwdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\? rdrd olwpfyg.½Ixif\? h (xkdowdonf) tqifhqifh todÓPf wkd. (igç ig\Opöm[k) pGJvnf. owdonf a&S.om aoma0'emukd cHpm.aom pdwf}[k od\/ arm[13 ESifhwuGaom pdwfukdvnf.vQifvnf. ]]umr*kPfESifhrpyfaom qif.&JJaom a0'emukd cHpm.&JJr[kwf csrf.&JJr[kwf csrf.ESifhysufjcif.oabmukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfírlvnf. ae\? avmuüwpfpHkwpf&mukdrQvnf.&JJaom a0'emukd cHpm.onf}} [k od\? umr*kPfESifhrpyfaom qif.&JJaoma0'emukdcHpm.wdkY þodkYvnf. ]oOwå&pdwf}[k od\/ tEkwå&19 pdwfukdvnf.yGg. ]r[*¾Kwfpdwf}[k od\/ tr[*¾Kwf17 pdwfukdvnf. ]a'goESifhwuGaom pdwf}[k od\? a'gouif. a0'emwdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\? olwpfyg.oabmukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfírlvnf.

ysufjcif. ]]ig\ oEÅmefü Asmyg' &Sdonf}} [k od\? rdrdoEÅmefüAsmyg'r&SdvQifvnf.frlívnf.aomAsmyg'\ aemiftcg rjzpfaMumif.oabmukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfírlvnf.ukdvnf.oEÅmefü Asmyg' r&Sd}} [k od\? rjzpfao.ukd qifjcifjcif.yGg.&[ef.iSgom jzpf\? tqifhqifh owdwpfzef wkd. ae\? pdwfü ysufaMumif. ae\? xdkYjyif ]]pdwfonfomvQif &Sd\}} [k xkd&[ef.w&m.faMumif.? &[ef.ukd qifjcifjcif.wdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\/ &[ef.oEÅmefühumrpäE´25 &SdvQifvnf.ig.yg.yg.yg.onf oabmw&m. od\? y.w&m.w&m. rpGJvrf. ae\? avmuü wpfpHkwpf&mukdrQvnf.onf twGif.\ pdwfürlvnf.ukdvnf. ]]ig\ twGif. pdwfukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\? pdwfüjzpfaMumif.wdkY þomoemawmfü &[ef.jcif.wdkYü oabmw&m.ESifh jzpfjcif.iSgom jzpf\? (xkd&[ef.fNyD.tm.onf eD0&Pig.oabmukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfírlvnf.yg.? &[ef. ]]ig\ twGif.aom .onf eD0&P24 ig.jcif.aom Asmyg'\jzpfaMumif.wdkYukdtBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí aeoenf.ukdvnf. od\/ rdrdoEÅmefü xderd'¨27 &SdvQifvnf./ &[ef.wdkY tb.ESifh jzpfjcif.NyD.oabmw&m.onf pdwfü pdwfukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\/ pdwfukd qifjcifjcif.wdkYü oabmw&m.ukdvnf. (igç ig\ Opöm[k) pGJvnf.oEÅmefü umrpäE´r&Sd}} [k od\? rjzpfao.fhajcmufyg.ESifh ysufjcif. owdonf a&S. pdwfukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\? rdrd olwpfyg. od\? jzpfNyD. ]]ig\ oEÅmefü xderd'¨ r&Sd}} [k od\? rjzpfao.ig.oabmw&m. ]0drkwåpdwf}[k od\/ t0drkwå23 pdwfukdvnf.\ pdwfürlvnf.aomumrpäE´\ aemiftcg rjzpfay:aMumif.oEÅmefüumrpäE´ r&SdvQifvnf. ae\? pdwfü jzpfaMumif.fodkYvQif &[ef.\/ ------ oabmw&m.fodkYvQif &[ef.ukdvnf.fNyD. 115/ &[ef.wdkY þodkYvnf.od\/ 0drkwå22 pdwfukdvnf.ukdvnf. ]t0drkwå pdwf}[k od\/ þodkY rdrd\ pdwfürlvnf.wdkY tb. od\? y.faMumif. pdwfukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\? olwpfyg. od\? jzpfNyD.wdkY þomoemawmfü &[ef. eD0&Pw&m. ]]ig\ twGif.onf wPSm 'd|dwdkYjzifh) rrSDrwG.aom umrpäE´\ y.aom umrpäE´\jzpf aMumif.tykdif.wdkYü oabmw&m.yGg.½Ixif\? (xkdowdonf) tqifhqifh todÓPfwkd. wpfq.aom Asmyg'\ y. ysufaMumif.wdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí aeoenf. ]]ig\ oEÅmefü xderd'¨ &Sdonf}} [k od\? rdrdoEÅmefüxderd'¨r&SdvQifvnf.oEÅmefü umrpäE´&Sdonf}} [k od\? twGif. od\/ rdrdoEÅmefü Asmyg'26 &Sv d Qifvnf.oabmukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonf jzpfírlvnf.

ha0'em\ csKyf&mwnf.ukdvnf.wdkY tb.ukdvnf.faMumif. ocFg&32wdkYwnf./ &[ef.wdkY wpfzef xdkYjyifvnf.½Ixif\? (xkdowdonf) tqifhqifh todÓPfwkd.yg.wdkY þodkYvnf.wdkYonfomvQif &Sdukef\}} [kxkd&[ef.ukdvnf.w&m.aom 0dpdudpäm\ y. a0'em\ jzpfaMumif.aom xderd'¨\ y.jcif.oabmukdtBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sd onf jzpfírlvnf.yg.[k ½Iavh&Sdonf jzpfí ae\/ .yGg.? þum. w&m.wdkYürlvnf. od\? jzpfNyD.faMumif.tykdif. oabmw&m.fNyD.? þum.wnf.wdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfíae\? rdrdolwpfyg.tm.ukdvnf.onf þum.onf Oyg'geu©E¨mig. oabmw&m. ½kyfwnf.wdkYü oabmw&m. ocFg&wdkY\ jzpfaMumif.oabmukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonf jzpfí ae\? oabmw&m. ]]ig\ oEÅmefü O'¨pöukuúKpö &Sdonf}} [k od\? rdrdoEÅmefü O'¨pöukuúKpö r&SdvQifvnf.wdkYürlvnf.frlívnf.ESifh jzpfjcif.aom 0dpdudpäm\ aemiftcg rjzpfaMumif./ þonfwdkYum.jcif. od\/ þodkY rdrd\ oabmw&m.ukdvnf. od\? jzpfNyD.wdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí aeoenf.? þum. od\? y.? þum.wdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonf jzpfí ae\? oabmw&m.aom O'¨pö ukuúKpö\ y.onm\ csKyf&mwnf. ½kyf\ csKyf&mwnf. ysufjcif.onf wPSm'd|dwdkYjzifh) rrSDrwG.\ oabmw&m.ukdvnf./ þum.wdkYü ysufaMumif. onm31wnf.faMumif. ]]ig\ oEÅmefü O'¨pöukuúKpö r&Sd}} [k od\? rjzpfao. owdonf a&S.\ oabmw&m.ESifh ysufjcif./ þum. od\/ rdrdoEÅmefü 0dpdudpäm30 &SdvQifvnf.wdkYü oabmw&m. ]]ig\ oEÅmefü 0dpdudpäm &Sdonf}} [k od\? rdrdoEÅmefü 0dpdudpäm r&SdvQifvnf./ þum. od\? y.? þum. 0dnmPf\jzpfaMumif. od\? jzpfNyD.ukdvnf. ]]ig\ oEÅmefü 0dpdudpäm r&Sd}} [k od\? rjzpfao.fNyD.? þum.wdkY þomoemawmfü &[ef.wnf.wdkYürlvnf.wnf.wdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\? &[ef.? þum.ukd qifjcifjcif.xderd'¨\ jzpfaMumif. oabmw&m.od\? y.[ktBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\/ cE¨mig. oabmw&m.aom O'¨pöukuúKpö\ aemiftcg rjzpfaMumif.ukdvnf.onf oabmw&m.? þum.? þum.aom O'¨pö ukuúKpö\ jzpfaMumif.fodkYvQif &[ef. 0dnmPf\ csKyf&mwnf. onm\ jzpfaMumif. 0dnmPf33wnf.wdkYü jzpfaMumif. ysufaMumif.w&m.ESifh jzpfjcif.wnf.aom 0dpdudpäm\jzpfaMumif. a0'emwnf. ocFg&wdkY\ csKyf&mwnf. ½kyf\ jzpfaMumif.? þum. (igç ig\ Opöm[k) pGJvnf.aom xderd'¨\ aemiftcg rjzpfay:aMumif. &[ef.yGg.oabmukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\? oabmw&m.iSgom jzpf\? tqifhqifh owdwpfzef wkd. 116/ &[ef.onfOyg'geu©E¨mig.iSgom jzpf\? (xkd&[ef. &[ef.fNyD.ukdvnf. od\/ rdrdoEÅmefü O'¨pö28 ukuúKpö29 &SdvQifvnf.wdkYü jzpfaMumif. ae\? avmuü wpfpHkwpf&mukdrQvnf.wdkYüoabmw&m. oabmw&m.wnf. rpGJvrf.yg./ &[ef.wdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\? olwpfyg. ae\? xdkYjyif ]]oabmw&m.

wdkYü oabmw&m.pHkukdpGJí oHa. oabmw&m.fNyD.jcif. od\? jzpfNyD. od\/ vQmukdvnf. owdonf a&S.ukd qifjcifjcif. od\? rjzpfao.pHkukd pGJí oHa.fNyD. oabmw&m.aom oHa.ukdvnf.ukdvnf.aom oHa.mZOf\ y. od\? jzpfNyD.þodkY rdrd\ oabmw&m. od\? xkdESpfyg.w&m.ESifh jzpfjcif.wdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\? &[ef.wdkYukdvnf. od\? xkdESpfyg.aom oHa. od\? y.ukdvnf. od\? y.ukdvnf.onf wPSm'd|dwdkYjzifh) rrSDrwG.frlívnf.aom oHa.od\? rjzpfao.mZOf\ jzpfaMumif.ukdvnf.mZOfjzpfjcif.wdkY þodkYvnf.wdkYü jzpfaMumif.ukdvnf.fNyD.yGg.mZOf\ jzpfaMumif.fhESpfyg./ &[ef.wdkYü oabmw&m.wdkYürlvnf.wdkYonf omvQif&Sdukef\}} [k xkd&[ef. od\? xkdESpfyg.rpGJvrf.tykdif. od\? tawGUtxdwdkYukdvnf.ukdvnf.aom twGif. od\? xkdESpfyg. &[ef.pHkukdpGJí oHa. od\? jzpfNyD.wdkYürlvnf.mZOf\aemiftcg rjzpfaMumif.aom oHa.oabmukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonf jzpfírlvnf.mZOf\ aemiftcg rjzpfaMumif.ukdvnf.½Ixif\? (xkdowdonf) tqifhqifh todÓPfwkd. od\? teHUwdkYukdvnf.mZOf\ jzpfaMumif.\ oabmw&m. ysufaMumif. &[ef.fukdvnf. oabmw&m.faMumif. ae\? xdkYjyif ]]oabmw&m. od\? xkdESpfyg.ukdvnf.ESifh jzpfjcif.ukdvnf./ &[ef.mZOf\ aemiftcg rjzpfaMumif.mZOfjzpfjcif. od\? y. od\? rjzpfao.faMumif.aom oHa.onf oabmw&m.pHkukdpGJí oHa.aom oHa. od\/ ESmacgif.wdkYukdtBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonf jzpfí aeoenf.iSgom jzpf\? (xkd&[ef.yGg. od\? toHwdkYukdvnf.ukdvnf.fNyD.mZOf\ y.w&m. ae\? avmuü wpfpHk wpf&mukdrQvnf.aom oHa.wdkYü jzpfaMumif.w&m. od\/ em. od\/ ukd.aom twGif.mZOfjzpfjcif.ukdvnf.iSgom jzpf\? tqifhqifh owdwpfzef wkd.mZOf\ aemiftcg rjzpfaMumif.wdkYü ysufaMumif. od\? . ysufjcif.[k tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\/ tm. ty tm.onf rsufpdukdvnf. od\? rjzpfao. (igç ig\Opöm[k) pGJvnf.ESifh ysufjcif.faMumif.we34 oabmw&m.faMumif.fodkYvQif &[ef. ty tm.wdkY tb.wdkY wpfzef xdkYjyifvnf.wdkYü oabmw&m.wewpfq.od\? rjzpfao.wdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\? olwpfyg.mZOfjzpfjcif.ukdvnf.ukdvnf.oabmukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonf jzpfírlvnf.mZOfjzpfjcif. 117/ &[ef.onf ajcmufyg.\ oabmw&m.mZOf\ y.aom oHa.ukdvnf. ae\? oabmw&m.aom oHa.aom oHa.tm.wdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonf jzpfí ae\? oabmw&m.we oabmw&m.ukdvnf.jcif. od\? jzpfNyD.aom oHa.ae\? oabmw&m.wdkYürlvnf.oabmukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh &Sdonfjzpfírlvnf.wdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\? rdrdolwpfyg. od\? y.aom oHa.mZOf\ jzpfaMumif. od\? tqif.wdkY þomoemawmfü &[ef.ukdvnf.pHkukd pGJí oHa.ukdvnf.mZOf\ y.mZOf\ jzpfaMumif. od\? t&omwdkYukdvnf.onf ajcmufyg.ukdvnf.ukdvnf.

wdkYü jzpfaMumif. &[ef.ukdvnf. od\? y.aom "r®0dp.aom twGif.wdkYü oabmw&m. od\? jzpfNyD. ]]ig\oEÅmefü owdoarÁmZösif &Sdonf}} [k od\? rdrdoEÅmefü owdoarÁmZösif r&SdvQifvnf.iSg jynfhpHkjcif.wdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\? olwpfyg.ukdvnf. oabmw&m.ukdvnf./ &[ef.ukdvnf.aom oHa.wdkYukdvnf.wdkYü jzpfaMumif.wdkYürlvnf.yGg.oarÁmZösif r&SdvQifvnf.apjcif.ESifh jzpfjcif.mZOf\ aemiftcg rjzpfaMumif.wdkYüoabmw&m.wdkY þomoemawmfü &[ef.mZOfjzpfjcif.aom oHa.iSgom jzpf\? (xkd&[ef. od\? xkdESpfyg.onf aAmZösif35 ckepfyg. rpGJvrf./ &[ef.wdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí aeoenf.wdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\/ aAmZösifckepfyg. ty tm.ukdvnf. ysufjcif. od\/ .mZOf\y.ukdvnf. od\/ pdwfukdvnf.mZOf\ jzpfaMumif.onf ajcmufyg.ukdvnf.ukdvnf.wdkYürlvnf.½Ixif\? (xkdowdonf) tqifhqifh todÓPfwkd. ae\? oabmw&m.jzpfNyD.aom owdoarÁmZösif\jzpfaMumif.fNyD.pHkukdpGJí oHa. od\? jzpfNyD.\ oabmw&m.wdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\? oabmw&m.yGg. ysufaMumif.mZOf\ aemiftcg rjzpfaMumif. od\? jzpfNyD.wdkY wpfzef xdkYjyifvnf.\ oabmw&m.ukdvnf. ]]ig\oEÅmefü "r®0dp.oarÁmZösif37 &SdvQifvnf. oabmw&m.wdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\/ &[ef.aom owd oarÁmZösifukd yGm. od\/ rdrdoEÅmefü "r®0dp.hod\? rjzpfao.wdkYürlvnf. oabmw&m. ]]ig\ oEÅmefü "r®0dp. ae\? xdkYjyif ]]oabmw&m.aom "r®0dp.oabmukdtBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí rlvnf.tykdif.oarÁmZösif\ jzpfaMumif.\ taMumif. oabmw&m. (igç ig\ Opöm[k) pGJvnf. oabmw&m.faMumif.ukd qifjcifjcif.jcif.oabmukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí rlvnf.wdkYukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\? rdrd olwpfyg.ESifh jzpfjcif.frlívnf.ukdvnf. owdonf a&S.onf rdrdoEÅmefü owdoarÁmZösif36 &SdvQifvnf.oabmukd tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfírlvnf.oarÁmZösif r&Sd}} [kod\? rjzpfao. ae\? avmuü wpfpHkwpf&mukdrQvnf.wdkYü ysufaMumif. od\/ þodkY rdrd\ oabmw&m.tm.w&m.ESifh ysufjcif.oarÁmZösifukd yGm.mZOf\y.ae\? oabmw&m.\taMumif.iSg jynfhpHkjcif.fNyD.aom oHa. ]]ig\oEÅmef ü owd oarÁmZösif r&Sd}} [k od\? rjzpfao. od\? oabmw&m.onf wPSm'd|dwdkYjzifh) rrSDrwG.iSgom jzpf\? tqifhqifh owdwpfzef wkd.apjcif.we oabmw&m.w&m. 118/ &[ef.fodkYvQif &[ef.aom oHa.wdkYonfomvQif &Sdukef\}} [kxkd&[ef. od\? y.wdkY tb.faMumif.oarÁmZösif &Sdonf}} [kod\? rdrdoEÅmefü "r®0dp.aom oHa. &[ef.jcif.wdkYþodkYvnf.onfaAmZösifckepfyg.w&m.

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tm;awmfq,fyg;
148/ om&dykMwm jrwfpGmbk&m;\ tm;awmfwdkYonf q,fyg;wdkYwnf;?
jrwfpGmbk&m;onf,if;tm;awmfwdkYESifh jynfhpHkonfjzpfí jrifhjrwfaMumif;ukd 0efcH\?
y&dowfwdkYü &J0Hhaom pum;ukd>rufqkd\? jrwfaom w&m;pMumukd vnfap\/
tm;awmfq,fyg;wdkY[lonf tb,fwdkYenf; [lrlom&dykMwm
þavmuü
jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
taMumif;[kwfonfukdvnf;
taMumif;[kwfaomtm;jzifhç
taMumif;r[kwfonfukdvnf;
taMumif;r[kwfaomtm;jzifh[kwfwkdif;rSefpGm cGJjcm;íod\? om&dykMwm ,if;odkY
taMumif;[kwfonfukdvnf; taMumif;[kwfaomtm;jzifhç taMumif;r[kwfonfukdvnf;
taMumif;r[kwfaomtm;jzifh[kwfwkdif;rSefpGm jrwfpGmbk&m;\ cGJjcm;í odjcif;onfvnf;
jrwfpGmbk&m;\
tm;rnf\?
,if;tm;ukd
pGJí
jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
jrifhjrwfaMumif;ukd0efcH\? y&dowfwdkYü &J0Hhaom pum;ukd >rufqkd\? jrwfaom
w&m;pMumukd vnfap\/ (1)
om&dykMwm xdkYjyifvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m;onf twdwf tem*wf ypöKyÜefjzpfonfh
aqmufwnfíjyKtyfaom
uHwdkY\
tusKd;ukd
taxmuftyHhtm;jzifh
taMumif;tm;jzifh[kwfwkdif;rSefpGm cGJjcm;íod\/ om&dykMwm ,if;odkY twdwftem*wf
ypöKyÜefjzpfonfh aqmufwnfí jyKtyfaom uHwdkY\tusKd;ukd taxmuf tyHhtm;jzifh
taMumif;tm;jzifh[kwfwkdif;rSefpGm
jrwfpGmbk&m;\
cGJjcm;íodjcif;onfvnf;
jrwfpGmbk&m;\ tm;rnf\? ,if;tm;ukd pGJí jrwfpGmbk&m;onfhjrifhjrwfaMumif; ukd
0efcH\? y&dowfwdkYü &J0Hhaom pum;ukd >rufqkd\? jrwfaom w&m;pMumukdvnfap\/
(2)

om&dykMwm xdkYjyifvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m;onf tvHk;pHkaom *wdig;wefESifh edAÁmefodkY
a&mufaMumif; tusifhukd[kwfwkdif;rSefpGm cGJjcm;í od\? om&dykMwm ,if;odkY tvHk;pHk
aom*wdig;wefESifh edAÁmefodkY a&mufaMumif;tusifhukd[kwfwkdif;rSefpGm jrwfpGmbk&m;\
cGJjcm;íodjcif;onfvnf;
jrwfpGmbk&m;\
tm;rnf\?
,if;tm;ukd
pGJí
jrwfpGmbk&m;onfjrifhjrwfaMumif;ukd 0efcH\? y&dowfwdkYü &J0Hhaom pum;ukd >rufqkd\?
jrwfaom w&m;pMumukdvnfap\/ (3)
om&dykMwm xdkYjyifvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m;onf rsm;jym;aom"mwf trsKd;rsKd;aom
"mwfwdkY&Sdaomavmuukd[kwfwkdif;rSefpGm cGJjcm;í od\/ om&dykMwm ,if;odkY rsm;jym;aom
"mwf trsKd;rsKd;aom "mwfwdkY&Sdaom avmuudk[kwfwkdif;rSefpGm jrwfpGmbk&m;\ cGJjcm;í
odjcif;onfvnf;jrwfpGmbk&m;\ tm;rnf\? ,if;tm;ukd pGJí jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
jrifhjrwfaMumif;ukd 0efcH\? y&dowfwdkY ü &J0Hhaom pum;ukd >rufqkd\? jrwfaom
w&m;pMumukd vnfap\/ (4)
om&dykMwm
xdkYjyifvnf;
jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
owå0gwdkY\
pdwfxm;
trsKd;rsKd;ukd[kwfwkdif; rSefpGmcGJjcm;í od\? om&dykMwm ,if;odkY owå0gwdkY\
pdwfxm;trsKd;rsKd;ukd[kwfwkdif;rSefpGmjrwfpGmbk&m;\
cGJjcm;í
odjcif;onfvnf;
jrwfpGmbk&m;\ tm;rnf\? ,if;tm;ukd pGJí jrwfpGmbk&m;onf jrifhjrwfaMumif;ukd
0efcH\? y&dowfwdkY ü &J0Hhaom pum;ukd >rufqkd\? jrwfaomw&m;pMumukd vnfap\/
(5)
om&dykMwm
xdkYjyifvnf;
jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
t,kwf
tjrwfjzpfaom
yk*¾dKvfowå0gwdkY\£a`E´tEk t&ifhukd[kwfwkdif;rSefpGm cGJjcm;í od\/ om&dykMwm ,if;odkY
t,kwf
tjrwfjzpfaomyk*¾dKvfowå0gwdkY\
£a`E´tEk
t&ifhukd[kwfwkdif;rSefpGm
jrwfpGmbk&m;\ cGJjcm;í odjcif;onfvnf;jrwfpGmbk&m;\ tm;rnf\? ,if;tm;ukd pGJí
jrwfpGmbk&m;onf jrifhjrwfaMumif;ukd 0efcH\? y&dowfwdkYü &J0Hhaom pum;ukd >rufqkd\?
jrwfaom w&m;pMumukd vnfap\/ (6)
om&dykMwm xdkYjyifvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m;onf psmef 0darmu© orm"d ormywfwdkY\
npfnL;aMumif; jzLpifaMumif; xajrmufaMumif;ukd[kwfwkdif;rSefpGm cGJjcm;í od\/
om&dykMwm ,if;odkYpsmef 0darmu© orm"d ormywfwdkY\ npfnL;aMumif; jzLpifaMumif;
xajrmufaMumif;ukd[kwfwkdif;rSefpGm jrwfpGmbk&m;\ cGJjcm;í odjcif;onfvnf;
jrwfpGmbk&m;\ tm;rnf\? ,if;tm;ukdpGJíjrwfpGmbk&m;onf jrifhjrwfaMumif;ukd 0efcH\?
y&dowfwdkYü &J0Hhaom pum;ukd >rufqkd\? jrwfaom w&m;pMumukd vnfap\/ (7)
om&dykMwm xdkYjyifvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m;onf rsm;jym;aom a&S;üjzpfzl;aom b0ukd
atmufarhEkdif\/
þonfum;
tb,fenf;/
wpfb0ukdvnf;aumif;?
ESpfb0wdkYukdvnf;aumif;?
oHk;b0wdkYukdvnf;aumif;?
av;b0wdkYukdvnf;aumif;?
ig;b0wdkYukdvnf;aumif;? q,fb0wdkYukdvnf;aumif;? b0ESpfq,fwdkYukdvnf;aumif;?
b0oHk;q,fwdkYukdvnf;aumif;?
b0av;q,fwdkYukdvnf;aumif;?
b0ig;q,fwdkYukdvnf;aumif;?
b0wpf&mukdvnf;aumif;?

b0wpfaxmifukdvnf;aumif;?
b0wpfodef;ukdvnf;aumif;?
rsm;jym;aom
ysufuyfwdkYukdvnf;aumif;? rsm;jym;aom jzpfuyfwdkYukdvnf;aumif;? rsm;jym;aom
ysufuyf jzpfuyfwdkYukdvnf;aumif; þrnfaomb0ü ]](igonf) þodkYaom trnf&SdcJh\?
þodkYaom tEG,f&SdcJh\? þodkYaom tqif;&SdcJh\? þodkYaom tpm&SdcJh\? þodkYaom
csrf;omqif;&Jukd cHpm;cJh\? þodkYaom touftykdif;tjcm;&SdcJh\? xkdigonf xkdhb0rS
aocJhí þrnfaom b0ü jzpfjyef\? xkdb0üvnf; þodkYaom trnf&SdcJh\?
þodkYaomtEG,f&SdcJh\? þodkYaom tqif;&SdcJh\? þodkYaom tpm&SdcJh\? þodkYaom
csrf;omqif;&JukdcHpm;cJh\? þodkYaom touftykdif;tjcm;&SdcJh\? xkdigonf xkdb0rS
aocJhí þb0ü jzpfjyef\}} [k þodkYaom tjcif;t&mESifhwuG ñTefjyzG,f (trnftEG,f)
ESifh wuG rsm;jym;aom a&S;üjzpfzl;aom b0ukd atmufarhEkdif\/y/ om&dykMwm ,if;odkY
jrwfpGmbk&m;\ rsm;jym;aoma&S;üjzpfzl;aom b0ukd atmufarhEkdifjcif;onfvnf;
jrwfpGmbk&m;\ tm;rnf\? ,if;tm;ukdpGJí jrwfpGmbk&m;onf jrifhjrwfaMumif;ukd
0efcH\? y&dowfwdkYü &JJ0Hhaom pum;ukd >rufqkd\? jrwfaom w&m;pMumukd vnfap\/
(8)
om&dykMwm xdkYjyifvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m;onf txl;ojzifh pifMu,faom
vlwdkY\rsufpdxufomvGefaom ewfrsufpdESifhwlaom ]'dAÁpu©K} ÓPfjzifh aoqJJowå0g
jzpfay:qJJowå0g
,kwfaomowå0g
jrwfaomowå0g
tqif;vSaomowå0g
tqif;rvSaomowå0g
aumif;aom
vm;&m&Sdaomowå0g
raumif;aom
vm;&m&Sdaomowå0gwdkYukd jrifEkdif\? uHtm;avsmfpGm jzpfay:aomowå0gwdkYukd odEkdif\?
]]tcsif;wdkY þowå0gwdkYonf ukd,fjzifhjyKaom raumif;aom tusifh ]um, 'kp½kduf} ESifh
jynfhpHkukef\? EIwfjzifhjyKaom raumif;aom tusifh ]0pD'kp½kduf} ESifhjynfhpHkukef\? pdwf
jzifhjyKaom raumif;aom tusifh ]raem'kp½kduf} ESifh jynfhpHkukef\? t&d,mwdkYukd
pGyfpGJukef\? rSm;aom t,l&Sdukef\? rSm;aom t,ljzifh jyKaomuH &Sdukef\? xkd
(owå0g)wdkYonf cE¨mukd,f ysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS aemufü csrf;omuif;aom
raumif;aomvm;&m ysufpD;í usa&muf&m jzpfaom i&JJü jzpfay:ukef\/ tcsif;wdkY
þowå0gwdkYonfum;ukd,fjzifhjyKaom aumif;aom tusifh ]um,okp½kduf} ESifh
jynfhpHkukef\? EIwfjzifhjyKaomaumif;aom tusifh ]0pDokp½kduf} ESifh jynfhpHkukef\?
pdwfjzifhjyKaomaumif;aomtusifh ]raemokp½kduf} ESifh jynfhpHkukef\? t&d,mwdkYukd
rpGyfpGJukef? rSefaomt,l&Sdukef\? rSefaom t,ljzifh jyKaomuH &Sdukef\? xkd
(owå0g)wdkYonf cE¨mukd,fysufpD;íaoNyD;onfrS aemufü aumif;aom vm;&m ewfjynfü
jzpfay:ukef\}} [k þodkYvQif txl;ojzifhpifMu,faom vlwdkY\ rsufpdxuf omvGefaom
ewfrsufpdESifh wlaom ]'dAÁpu©K} ÓPfjzifhaoqJJowå0g jzpfay:qJJowå0g ,kwfaom
owå0g jrwfaom owå0g tqif; vSaom owå0gtqif;rvSaom owå0g aumif;aom
vm;&m&Sdaom owå0g raumif;aom vm;&m&Sdaomowå0gwdkYukd jrif\? uHtm;avsmfpGm
jzpfaom owå0gwdkYukd od\/y/
om&dykMwm ,if;odkY jrwfpGmbk&m;\ txl;ojzifh pifMu,faom vlwdkY\
rsufpdxufomvGefaom ewfrsufpdESifh wlaom ]'dAÁpu©K} ÓPfjzifh odEkdifjcif;onfvnf;

jrwfpGmbk&m;\tm;rnf\? ,if;tm;ukd pGJí jrwfpGmbk&m;onf jrifhjrwfaMumif;ukd
0efcH\? y&dowfwdkYü &JJ0Hhaompum;ukd >rufqkd\? jrwfaom w&m;pMumukd vnfap\/
(9)
om&dykMwm xdkYjyifvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m;onf tmoa0gw&m;wdkY\ ukefjcif;aMumifh
tmoa0gw&m;uif;aom vGwfajrmufaom (t&[wåzkdvf) pdwfESifh vGwfajrmufaom
(t&[wåzkdvf) ynmukd,ckb0üyifvQif xl;aomÓPfjzifh ukd,fwkdif rsufarSmufjyKvsuf
a&mufí aeawmfrl\/ om&dykMwm ,if;odkY jrwfpGmbk&m;\ tmoa0gw&m;wdkY\
ukefjcif;aMumifhtmoa0gw&m;uif;aom vGwf ajrmufaom (t&[wåzkdvf) pdwfESifh
vGwfajrmufaom (t&[wåzkdvf) ynmukd ,ckb0üyifvQif xl;aomÓPfjzifh ukd,fwkdif
rsufarSmufjyKvsufa&mufí aeawmfrljcif;onfvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m;\ tm;rnf\?
,if;tm;ukd pGJíhjrwfpGmbk&m;onf jrifhjrwfaMumif;ukd 0efcH\? y&dowfwdkYü &JJ0Hhaom
pum;ukd >rufqkd\? jrwfaom w&m;pMumukd vnfap\/ (10)
om&dykMwm jrwfpGmbk&m;\ tm;wdkYonf þq,fyg;wdkYwnf;/ jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
,if;tm;wdkYESifh jynfhpHkonfjzpfí jrifhjrwfaMumif;ukd 0efcH\? y&dowfwdkYü &JJ0Hhaom
pum;ukd >rufqkd\? jrwfaom w&m;pMumukd vnfap\/
149/ om&dykMwm þodkY odjrifaom ighukd ]]&[ef;a*gwrtm; vlwdkY\
(ukokdvfur®yx) w&m;q,fyg;xuf omvGefaom t&d,mjzpf&ef pGrf;Ekdifaom
ÓPftjrifxl;r&Sd?
&[ef;a*gwr
onfMuHpnf,lqvsuf
pl;prf;avhvmum
tvkdvkdxifjrifvmaom w&m;ukd a[mMum;\}} [kajymqkdaom olonf xkdpum;ukd
ry,faomf xkdpdwfxm;ukd ry,faomf xkdt,lukd rpGefYaomfaqmif,lvmaom 0efxkyfukd
ypfcsvkdufouJJhodkY i&Jü tcscH&vwåHY/ om&dykMwm oDv orm"dynmESifh jynfhpHkaom
(t&[wår*¾|) &[ef;onf ,ckb0üyif t&[wåzkdvfodkY a&muf&mouJhodkYþtwl
xkdpum;ukd ry,faomf xkdpdwf xm;ukd ry,faomf xkdt,lukd rpGefYaomf aqmif,lvmaom
0efxkyfukd ypfcsvkdufouJhodkY i&Jü tcscH&vwåHU[laom þOyrmukd iga[m\/
jrwfpGmbk&m;\ &J&ifhjcif; (a0om&ZÆ) ÓPfawmfav;yg;
150/
om&dykMwm
jrwfpGmbk&m;\
&J&ifhaMumif;jzpfaom
ÓPfwdkYonf
av;yg;wdkYwnf;/
jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
,if;&J&ifhaMumif;jzpfaom
ÓPfwdkYESifh
jynfhpHkonfjzpfí jrifhjrwfaMumif;ukd0efcH\? y&dowfwdkYü &JJ0Hhaom pum;ukd >rufqkd\/
jrwfaom w&m;pMumukd vnfap\/
tb,fav;yg;wdkYenf;[lrl ]](tvHk;pHkaomw&m;wdkYukd) ukd,fwkdifrSefpGm od\[k 0efcHaom oifonf
þw&m;wdkYukdxkd;xGif;í rodao;}} [k ighukd &[ef;jzpfap? ykPÖm;jzpfap? ewfjzpfap?
rm&fewfjzpfap? jA[®mjzpfaprnfolrqkd xkdt&mü taMumif;,kwådESifhwuG apm'emrnfh
t&dyfedrdwfukd avmuü igrjrif? om&dykMwm igonf þt&dyfedrdwfukd rjrifaomaMumifh
csrf;omjcif; ab;r&Sdjcif; &J&ifhjcif;odkYa&mufvsuf ae\/ (1)

]]tmoa0gw&m;rsm; ukefNyD[k 0efcHaom oifhtm; þtmoa0gw&m;wdkYonf
rukefao; ukef}} [kighukd &[ef;jzpfap? ykPÖm;jzpfap? ewfjzpfap? rm&fewfjzpfap?
jA[®mjzpfap? rnfolrqkd xkd t&mütaMumif; ,kwådESifhwuG apm'emrnfh t&dyfedrdwfukd
avmuü igrjrif? om&dykMwm igonfþt&dyfedrdwfukd rjrifaomaMumifh csrf;omjcif;
ab;r&Sdjcif; &J&ifhjcif;odkY a&mufvsuf ae\/ (2)
]](r*fzkdvf\) tEÅ&m,fukd jyKwwfukef\[k oifa[mMum;xm;aom w&m;wdkYonf
rSD0JvGefusL;oltm; tEÅ&m,fjyK&ef rpGrf;Ekdif}} [k ighukd &[ef;jzpfap ykPÖm;jzpfap?
ewfjzpfap? rm&fewfjzpfap? jA[®mjzpfap rnfol rqkd xkdt&mü taMumif;,kwådESifhwuG
apm'emrnfh t&dyfedrdwfukdavmuü igrjrif? om&dykMwm igonf þt&dyfedrdwfukd
rjrifaomaMumifh csrf;omjcif;ab;r&Sdjcif; &J&ifhjcif;odkY a&mufvsuf ae\/ (3)
]]0#fqif;&JJukefjcif;iSg oifa[mMum;xm;aomw&m;onf a[mwkdif;usifholtm;
0#fqif;&Jukefjcif;tusdK;iSg aumif;pGm rxkwfaqmifEkdif}} [k ighukd &[ef;jzpfap?
ykPÖm;jzpfap? ewfjzpfap? rm&fewfjzpfap? jA[®mjzpfap rnfolrqkd xkdt&mü
taMumif;,kwådESifhwuG apm'emrnfh t&dyfedrdwfukd avmuü igrjrif/ om&dykMwm igonf
þt&dyfedrdwfukd rjrifaomaMumifh csrf;omjcif; ab;r&Sdjcif; &J&ifhjcif;odkY a&mufvsuf
ae\/ (4)
om&dykMwm jrwfpGmbk&m;\ &J&ifhaMumif;jzpfaom ÓPfwdkYonf þav;yg;wdkYwnf;/
jrwfpGmhbk&m;onf
,if;&J&ifhaMumif;jzpfaom
ÓPfwdkYESifh
jynfhpHkonfjzpfí
jrifhjrwfaMumif;ukd 0efcH\? y&dowfwdkYü &J0Hhaom pum;ukd >rufqkd\? jrwfaom
w&m;pMumukd vnfap\/
om&dykMwm þodkY odjrifaom ighukd ]]&[ef;a*gwrtm; vlwdkY\ (ukokdvfur®yx)
w&m; xufomvGefaom t&d,mjzpf&ef pGrf;Ekdifaom ÓPftjrifxl; r&Sd?
&[ef;a*gwronfMuHpnf,lqvsuf pl;prf;avhvmum tvkdvkd xifjrifvmaom w&m;ukd
a[mMum;\}} [k ajymqkdaomolonf xkdpum;ukd ry,faomf xkdpdwfxm;ukd ry,faomf
xkdt,lukd rpGefYaomf aqmif,lvmaom0efxkyfukd ypfcsvkduf ouJhodkY i&Jü tcscH&vwåHY/
om&dykMwm oDv orm"d ynmESifh jynfhpHkaom (t&[wår*¾|) &[ef;onf
,ckb0üyift&[wåzkdvfodkY a&muf&mouJhodkY þtwl xkdpum;ukd ry,faomf
xkdpdwfxm;ukd ry,faomfxkdt,lukd rpGefYaomf aqmif,lvmaom 0efxkyfukd
ypfcsvkdufouJhodkY i&Jü tcscH&vwåHU[laom þOyrmukd iga[m\/

y&dowf&SpfrsKd;
151/ om&dykMwm y&dowfwdkYonf &SpfrsKd;wdkYwnf;/ tb,f&SpfrsKd;wdkYenf;[lrlrif;y&dowf? ykPÖm;y&dowf? ol<u,fy&dowf? &[ef;y&dowf? pmwkr[m&mZfewfy&dowf?
wm0wðomewfy&dowf?
rm&fewfy&dowf?
jA[®my&dowfwdkYwnf;/
om&dykMwm
y&dowfwdkYonf þ&SpfrsKd;wdkYyifwnf;/

om&dykMwm þa0om&ZÆÓPfav;yg;wdkYESifh jynfhpHkaom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
þy&dowf &SpfrsKd;odkYcsOf;uyfouf0if\/
om&dykMwm
igonf
t&mru
rsm;jym;aom
rif;y&dowfodkY
csOf;uyfzl;onfukdvnf;aumif;?
xkdy&dowfwdkYü
tnDtñTwfaexkdifzl;onfukdvnf;aumif;?
pum;ajymqkdzl;onfukdvnf;aumif;?
w&m;aqG;aEG;zl;onfukdvnf;aumif;
trSwf&\?
xkdy&dowfü
ightm;
aMumufjcif;&GHUjcif;odkY ouf0ifjzpfay:rnfh t&dyfedrdwfukd igrjrif? om&dykMwm igonf
þt&dyfedrdwfukd rjrifaomaMumifh csrf;omjcif; ab;r&Sdjcif; &J&ifhjcif;odkY a&mufvsuf
ae\/
om&dykMwm
igonf
t&mru
rsm;jym;aom
ykPÖm;y&dowfodkY/y/
ol<u,fy&dowfodkY/y/
&[ef;y&dowfodkY/y/
pmwkr[m&mZfewfy&dowfodkY/y/
wm0wðomewfy&dowfodkY/y/
rm&fewfy&dowfodkY/y/
jA[®my&dowfodkY
csOf;uyfzl;onfudkvnf;aumif;?
xkdy&dwfowfü
tnDtñGwfaexkdifzl;onfukdvnf;aumif;?
pum;ajymqkdzl;onfukdvnf;aumif;?
w&m;aqG;aEG;zl;onfukdvnf;aumif;
trSwf&\?
xkdy&dowfü
ightm;
aMumufjcif;&GHUjcif;odkY ouf0ifjzpfay:rnfh t&dyfedrdwfukdigrjrif? om&dykMwm igonf
þt&dyfedrdwfukd rjrifaomaMumifh csrf;omjcif; ab;r&Sdjcif; &J&ifhjcif;odkY a&mufvsuf
ae\/
om&dykMwm þodkY odjrifaom ighukd ]]&[ef;a*gwrtm; vlwdkY\ (ukokdvfur®yx)
w&m;q,fyg;xuf omvGefaom t&d,mjzpf&ef pGrf;Ekdifaom ÓPftjrifxl;r&Sd?
&[ef;a*gwronfMuHpnf,lqvsuf pl;prf;avhvmum tvkdvkdxifjrifvmaom w&m;ukd
a[mMum;\}} [k ajymqkdaomolonf xkdpum;ukd ry,faomf xkdpdwfxm;ukd ry,faomf
xkdt,lukd rpGefYaomf aqmif,lvmaom0efxkyfukd ypfcsvkduf ouJhodkY i&Jü tcscH&vwåHY/
om&dykMwm oDv orm"d ynmESifh jynfhpHkaom (t&[wår*¾|) &[ef;onf ,ckb0üyif
t&[wåzkdvfodkY a&muf&mouJhodkY þtwl xkdpum;ukdry,faomf xkdpdwfxm;ukd
ry,faomf xkdt,lukd rpGefYaomf aqmif,lvmaom 0efxkyfukd ypfcsvkdufouJhodkY i&Jü
tcscH&vwåHU [laom þOyrmukd iga[m\/

owå0gav;rsKd;
152/ om&dykMwm owå0gwdkYonf av;rsKd;wdkYwnf;/ tb,f av;rsKd;wdkYenf;[lrlOüjzpfaomowå0g?
om;tdrfüjzpfaomowå0g?
tñSdüjzpfaomowå0g?
ukd,fxif&Sm;jzpfay:aomowå0gwdkY wnf;/
om&dykMwm Oüjzpfaom owå0g[lonf tb,fenf;/ om&dykMwm OcGHukd cGJxGufí
jzpfay:vmaom þowå0gukd Oüjzpfaomowå0g[lí qkd&\/
om&dykMwm om;tdrfüjzpfaom owå0g[lonf tb,fenf;/ om&dykMwm om;tdrfukd
cGJxGuf íjzpfay:vmaomowå0gukd om;tdrfüjzpfaomowå0g[lí qkd&\/

om&dykMwm tn§düjzpfaom owå0g[lonf tb,fenf;/ om&dykMwm ig;ykyf
taoaumifykyfrka,mrkefYykyf
tnpftaMu;pGefYypf&mt&yf
tnpftaMu;pD;qif;&mt&yfwdkYü jzpfay:vmaomowå0gukd tn§düjzpfaom owå0g[lí
qkd&\/
om&dykMwm ukd,fxif&Sm;jzpfaom owå0g[lonf tb,fenf;/ ewf i&Jom;
tcsKdUaomvltcsKdaom 0dedygwdutol&mukd ukd,fxif&Sm;jypfaom owå0g[lí qkd& \/
om&dykMwm owå0gwdkYonf þav;rsKd;wdkYwnf;/
om&dykMwm þodkY odjrifaom ighukd ]]&[ef;a*gwrtm; vlwdkY\ (ukokdvfur®yx)
w&m;q,fyg;xuf omvGefaom t&d,mjzpf&ef pGrf;Ekdifaom ÓPftjrifxl;r&Sd?
&[ef;a*gwronfMuHpnf,lqvsuf pl;prf;avhvmum tvkdvkd xifjrifvmaom w&m;ukd
a[mMum;\}} [kajymqkdaom olonf xkdpum;ukd ry,faomf xkdpdwfxm;ukd ry,faomf
xkdt,lukd rpGefYaomfaqmif,lvmaom 0efxkyfukd ypfcsvkdufouJhodkY i&Jü tcscH&vwåHY/
om&dykMwm oDv orm"d ynmESifh jynfhpHkaom (t&[wår*¾|) &[ef;onf
,ckb0üyift&[wåzkdvfodkY a&muf&mouJhodkY? þtwlyif xkdpum;ukd ry,faomf
xkdpdwfxm;ukd ry,faomfxkdt,lukd rpGefYaomf aqmif,lvmaom 0efxkyfukd
ypfcsvkdufouJhodkY i&Jü tcscH&vwåHU[laomþOyrmukd ig a[m\/ *wdig;rsKd;
153/ om&dykMwm vm;&m ]*wd}wdkYonf ig;yg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,fig;yg;wdkYenf;[lrli&JbHk? wd&pämefbHk? NydwåmbHk? vlUbHk? ewfbHkwdkYwnf;/
om&dykMwm
igonf
i&JbHkukdvnf;aumif;
i&JbHkodkYa&mufaMumif;
vrf;ukdvnf;aumif; i&JJbHk odkYa&mufaMumif; tusifhukdvnf;aumif; cGJjcm;í od\?
tMuif tusifhukd usifhaom olonfukd,fcE¨m ysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS aemufü
csrf;omuif;aom raumif;olwdkYvm;&m ysufpD;íusa&muf&m i&JodkY a&muf&\?
xkdtusifhukdvnf; cGJjcm;í od\/
om&dykMwm igonf wd&pämefbHkukdvnf;aumif; wd&pämefbHkodkYa&mufaMumif;
vrf;ukdvnf;aumif; wd&pämefbHkodkY a&mufaMumif; tusifhukdvnf;aumif; cGJjcm;í od\?
tMuif tusifhukdusifhaom olonf ukd,fcE¨mysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS aemufü
wd&pämefbHkodkY a&muf\? xkdtusifhukdvnf; cGJjcm;í od\/
om&dykMwm
igonfNydwåmbHkukdvnf;aumif;NydwåmbHkodkYa&mufaMumif;
vrf;ukdvnf;aumif;NydwåmbHkodkY a&mufaMumif;tusifhukdvnf;aumif; cGJjcm;í od\?
tMuiftusifhukd usifhaomolonf ukd,fcE¨m ysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS aemufüNydwåmbHkodkY
a&muf\? xkdtusifhukdvnf;cGJjcm;í od\/
om&dykMwm
igonf
vlUbHkukdvnf;aumif;?
vlUbHkodkYa&mufaMumif;
vrf;ukdvnf;aumif;? vlUbHkodkYa&mufaMumif;tusifhukdvnf;aumif; cGJjcm;í od\?
tMuiftusifhukd usifhaomolonfukd,fcE¨mysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS aemufü vlUbHkü
jzpf\? xkdtusifhukdvnf; cGJjcm;í od\/

om&dykMwm
igonf
ewfbHkukdvnf;aumif;?
ewfbHkodkYa&mufaMumif;
vrf;ukdvnf;aumif;? ewfbHkodkY a&mufaMumif; tusifhukdvnf;aumif; cGJjcm;í od\?
tMuiftusifhukd usifhaomolonf ukd,fcE¨m ysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS aemufü aumif;olwdkY
vm;&m ewfbHkodkY a&muf&\? xkd tusifhukdvnf; cGJjcm;í od\/
om&dykMwm
igonf
edAÁmefukdvnf;aumif;?
edAÁmefodkYa&mufaMumif;
vrf;ukdvnf;aumif;? edAÁmefodkYa&mufaMumif; tusifhukdvnf;aumif; cGJjcm;í od\?
tMuif tusifhukd usifhaom olonftmoa0g w&m;wdkY\ ukefjcif;aMumifh
tmoa0guif;aom vGwfajrmufaom (t&[wåzkdvf) pdwfESifh vGwfajrmufaom
(t&[wåzkdvf) ynmukd ,ckb0üyif ukd,fwkdif xl;aom ÓPfjzifh rsufarSmufjyKvsuf
a&mufí ae\? xkdtusifhukdvnf; cGJjcm;í od\/
154/ om&dykMwm þavmuü igonf tcsKdUaom yk*¾dKvfukd ]]þyk*¾dKvfonf cE¨mukd,f
ysufpD;íaoNyD;onfrS aemufü csrf;omuif;aom raumif;olwdkYvm;&m ysufpD;í
usa&muf&m i&JodkYa&mufrnfh tusifhtwkdif; usifh\? xkdtwkdif;vnf; tm;xkwf\?
xkdvrf;odkYvnf; wuf\}} [kpdwfjzifh pdwfukd ykdif;jcm;í od\/ aemuftcgü xkdolukdyif
txl;ojzifh pifMu,faom vlwdkY\rsufpdxuf omvGefaom ewfrsufpdESifh wlaom
]'dAÁpu©K} ÓPfjzifh ukd,fcE¨mysufpD;íaoNyD;onfrS aemufü csrf;om uif;aom
raumif;olwdkYvm;&m ysufpD;íusa&muf&m i&JodkYa&mufum pifppf qif;&JvSpGm
xufjrufMurf;wrf;onfh a0'emukd cHpm;aeonfukd jrif&\/
om&dykMwm
Oyrmtm;jzifh
aeylwdkYjzifh
ylavmifESdyfpufcH&í
tpma&pm
qmavmifrGwfodyf ojzifhyifyef;EGrf;e,faeaom a,musfm;onf wpfaMumif;wnf;aom
c&D;jzifh rD;usD;wdkYjzifh jynfhaomwol (ig;awmif) xuf ausmfvGefonfh tckd;tvQHuif;aom
rD;usD;wGif;odkY &nfñTef;í vm&m\? xkdolukd rsufpdtjrif&Sdaom a,mufsm;onf jrifí
]]þtoQifa,musfm;onf þrD;usD; wGif;odkYomvQif a&mufvmrnfh vrf;twkdif; oGm;\?
xkdtwkdif;vnf; tm;xkwf\? xkdvrf;odkYvnf;wuf\}} [k ajymqkd&m\/ aemuftcgü
xkdolukdyif xkdrD;usD;wGif;ü usvsuf pifppf qif;&JvSpGmxufjrufMurf;wrf;onfh a0'em
cHpm;ae&onfukd jrif&m\/
om&dykMwm þ Oyrmtwlyif þavmuü tcsKdUyk*¾dKvfukd ]]þyk*¾dKvfonf
ukd,fcE¨mysufpD;íaoNyD;onfrS aemufü csrf;omuif;aom raumif;olwdkYvm;&m ysufpD;í
usa&muf&m i&JodkYa&mufrnfh tusifhtwkdif; usifh\? xkdtwkdif;vnf; tm;xkwf\?
xkdvrf;odkYvnf; wuf\}} [kpdwfjzifh pdwfukd ykdif;jcm;í od\/ aemuftcgü xkdolukdyif
txl;ojzifh pifMu,faom vlwdkY\rsufpdxuf omvGefaom ewfrsufpdESifh wlaom
]'dAÁpu©K} ÓPfjzifh ukd,fcE¨mysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS aemufü csrf;omuif;aom
raumif;olwdkYvm;&m ysufpD;í usa&muf&m i&JodkY a&mufumpifppf qif;&JvSpGm xufjruf
Murf;wrf;onfh a0'emukd cHpm;aeonfukd jrif&\/ (1)
om&dykMwm þavmuü igonf tcsdKUaom yk*¾dKvfukd ]]þyk*¾dKvfonf
ukd,fcE¨mysufpD;íaoNyD;onfrS aemufü wd&pämefbHkodkY a&mufrnfhtusifhtwkdif; usifh\?

xkdtwkdif;vnf; tm;xkwf\? xkdvrf;odkYvnf; wuf\}} [k pdwfjzifh pdwfukd ykdif;jcm;í
od\/ aemuftcgü xkdolukdyiftxl;ojzifh pifMu,faom vlwdkY\ rsufpdxuf
omvGefaom ewfrsufpdESifh wlaom ]'dAÁpu©K}ÓPfjzifh ukd,fcE¨mysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS
aemufü wd&pämefbHkodkY a&mufum qif;&JJvSpGm xufhjrufMurf;wrf;onfh a0'emukd
cHpm;aeonfukd jrif&\/
om&dykMwm Oyrmtm;jzifh aEGaeylwdkYjzifh ylavmifESdyfpufcH&í tpma&pm
qmavmifrGwfodyfojzifh yifyef;EGrf;e,faeaom a,musfm;onf wpfaMumif;wnf;aom
vrf;c&D;jzifh rpifjzifh jynfhaom wol (ig;awmif) xuf ausmfvGefonfh
rpifwGif;ukdomvQif &nfñTef;í vm&m\? xkdolukdrsufpdtjrif&Sdaom a,usfm;onf jrifí
]]þtoQif a,musfm;onf rpifwGif;odkYomvQif a&mufrnfhvrf;twkdif; oGm;\?
xkdtwkdif;vnf; tm;xkwf\? xkdvrf;odkYvnf; wuf\}} [kajymqkd&m\/ aemuftcgü
xkdolukdyif xkdrpifwGif;ü usvsuf qif;&JJvSpGmxufjrufMurf;wrf;onfh a0'em
cHpm;ae&onfukd jrif&\/
om&dykMwm þOyrmtwlyif igonf þavmuü tcsdKUaom yk*¾dKvfukd
]]þyk*¾dKvfonfukd,fcE¨mysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS aemufü wd&pämefbHkodkY a&mufrnfh
tusifhtwkdif; usifh\? xkdtwkdif;vnf; tm;xkwf\? xkdvrf;odkYvnf; wuf\}} [k
pdwfjzifh pdwfukd ykdif;jcm;í od\/ aemuf tcgü xkdolukdyif txl;ojzifh pifMu,faom
vlwdkY\ rsufpdxuf omvGefaomewfrsufpdESifh wlaom ]'dAÁpu©K} ÓPfjzifh
ukd,fcE¨mysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS aemufü wd&pämefbHkodkYa&mufum qif;&JJvSpGm
xufjrufMurf;wrf;onfh a0'emukd cHpm;aeonfukd jrif&\/ (2)
om&dykMwm igonf tcsKdUaomyk*¾dKvfukd ]]þyk*¾dKvfonf ukd,fcE¨mysufpD;í
aoNyD;onfrS aemufüNydwåmbHkodkY a&mufrnfhtusifhtwkdif; usifh\? xkdtwkdif;vnf;
tm;xkwf\? xkdvrf;odkYvnf;wuf\}} [k pdwfjzifh pdwfukd ykdif;jcm;í od\/ aemuftcgü
xkdolukdyif txl;ojzifh pifMu,faom vlwdkY\ rsufpdxuf omvGefaom ewfrsufpdESifh
wlaom ]'dAÁpu©K} ÓPfjzifh ukd,fcE¨mysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS aemufüNydwåmbHkodkY
a&mufum qif;&JJrsm;onfh a0'emukd cHpm;aeonfukdjrif&\/
om&dykMwm Oyrmtm;jzifh aEGaeylwdkYjzifh ylavmifESdyfpufcH&í tpma&pm
qmavmifrGwfodyfojzifh yifyef;EGrf;e,faeaom a,musfm;onf wpfaMumif;wnf;aom
vrf;c&D;jzifh rnDrñGwfaomajrtzdkYü tcuft&Gufenf;yg;ojzifh t&dyfusJJaom
opfyifukdomvQif &nfñTef;í vm&m\/ xkdolukd rsufpdtjrif&Sdaom a,usfm;onf jrifí
]]þtoQif a,musfm;onf þopfyifodkYomvQifa&mufvmrnfh vrf;twkdif; oGm;\?
xkdtwkdif;vnf; tm;xkwf\? xkdvrf;odkYvnf; wuf\}} [kajymqkd&m\/ aemuftcgü
xkdolukdyif xkdopfyif\ t&dyfü xkdifvsufvnf;aumif; tdyfvsufvnf;aumif;
qif;&JJrsm;onfh a0'emukd cHpm;aeonfukd jrif&m\/
om&dykMwm þOyrmtwlyif igonf þ avmuü tcsKdUaom yk*¾dKvfukd
þyk*¾dKvfonf
ukd,fcE¨mysufpD;í
aoNyD;onfrS
aemufüNydwåmbHkodkY

a&mufrnfhtusifhtwkdif; usifh\? xkdtwkdif;vnf;tm;xkwf f\? xkdvrf;odkYvnf; wuf\}}
[k pdwfjzifh pdwfukd ykdif;jcm;í od\/ aemuftcgüxkdolukdyif txl;ojzifh pifMu,faom
vlwdkY\ rsufpdxuf omvGefaom ewfrsufpdESifhwlaom ]'dAÁpu©K}ÓPfjzifh ukd,fcE¨m
ysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS aemufüNydwåmbHkodkY a&mufum qif;&JJrsm;onfha0'emukd
cHpm;aeonfukd jrif&\/ (3)
om&dykMwm þavmuü igonf tcsKdUaom yk*¾dKvfukd ]]þyk*¾dKvfonf
ukd,fcE¨mysufpD;íaoNyD;onfrS aemufü vlwdkYbHküjzpfrnfh tusifhtwkdif; usifh\?
xkdtwkdif;vnf; tm;xkwf\? xkdvrf;odkYvnf; wuf\}} [k pdwfjzifh pdwfukd ykdif;jcm;í
od\/ aemuftcgü xkdolukdyif txl;ojzifh pifMu,faom vlwdkY \ rsufpdxuf
omvGefaom ewfrsufpdESifh wlaom ]'dAÁpu©K} ÓPfjzifhukd,fcE¨mysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS
aemufü vlwdkYbHküjzpfum csrf;omrsm;onfh a0'emcHpm;aeonfukdhjrif&\/
om&dykMwm Oyrmtm;jzifh aEGaeylwdkYjzifh ylavmifESdyfpufcH&í tpma&pm
qmavmifrGwfodyfojzifh yifyef;EGrf;e,faeaom a,musfm;onf wpfaMumif;wnf;aom
vrf;c&D;jzifh nDñGwfaomajrtzdkYü aygufonfh t&Gufpdyfojzifh t&dyfaumif;aom
opfyifukdomvQif &nfñTef;í vm&m\/ xkdolukd rsufpdtjrif&Sdaom a,usfm;onf jrifí
]]þtoQif a,musfm;onf þopfyifodkYomvQifa&mufrnfhvrf;twkdif; oGm;\?
xkdtwkdif;vnf; tm;xkwf\? xkdvrf;odkYvnf; wuf\}} [k ajymqkd&m\/ aemuftcgü
xkdolukdyif xkdopfyif\ t&dyfü xkdifvsufvnf;aumif;? tdyfvsufvnf;aumif;
csrf;omrsm;onfh a0'emukd cHpm;ae&onfukd jrif&m\/
om&dykMwm þOyrmtwlyif igonf þavmuü tcsKdUaom yk*¾dKvfukd
]]þyk*¾dKvfonf ukd,fcE¨mysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS aemufü vlwdkYbHküjzpfrnfh tusifhtwkdif;
usifh\? xkdtwkdif;vnf;tm;xkwf\? xkdvrf;odkYvnf; wuf\}} [k pdwfjzifh pdwfukd
ykdif;jcm;íod\/ aemuftcgüxkdolukdyif txl;ojzifh pifMu,faom vlwdkY\ rsufpdxuf
omvGefaom ewfrsufpdESifh wlaom ]'dAÁpu©K}ÓPfjzifh ukd,fcE¨m ysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS
aemufü vlwdkYbHküjzpfum csrf;omrsm;onfha0'em cHpm;aeonfukd jrif&\/ (4)
om&dykMwm þavmuü igonf tcsKdUaom yk*¾dKvfukd ]]þyk*¾dKvfonf
ukd,fcE¨mysufpD;íaoNyD;onfrS aemufü aumif;olwdkYvm;&m ewfbHkodkYa&mufrnfh
tusifhtwkdif; usifh\? xkdtwkdif;vnf; tm;xkwf\? xkdvrf;odkYvnf; wuf\}} [k
pdwfjzifh pdwfukd ykdif;jcm;í od\/ aemuftcgü xkdolukdyif txl;ojzifh pifMu,faom
vlwdkY\
rsufpdxuf
omvGefaom
ewfrsufpdESifhwlaom
]'dAÁpu©K}ÓPfjzifh
ukd,fcE¨mysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS aemufü aumif;olwdkYvm;&m ewfbHkodkYa&muf um pifppf
csrf;omonfh okca0'emukd cHpm;aeonfukd jrif&\/
om&dykMwm Oyrmtm;jzifh jymom'fwpfck &Sd&m\? xkdjymom'fü twGif;tjyif
aq;okwfxm;NyD;vQif avrdk;vHkNcHKvsuf wHcg;rç avomjywif;wdkYukd ydwfxm;tyfonfh
txGwfwyfaom cef;raqmif &Sd&m\? xkdcef;raqmifü arG;&SnfaumfaZmBuD;?
qef;Mu,faom om;arG;tcif;? jzLaomom;arG;tcif;? yef;ajymufjc,fxm;aom

om;arG;tcif;? aumif;rGefaom 0Hykdifha&tcif;? rsufESmMuufESifhwuG eDjref;aom ajctHk;?
acgif;tHk;wdkYjzifh cif;usif;xm;tyfonfh yv’ifvnf; &Sd&m\? xkdtcg aEGaeylwdkYjzifh
ylavmifESdyfpufcH&í tpma&pm qmavmifrGwfodyfojzifh yifyef;EGrf;e,faeaom
a,musfm;onf wpfaMumif;wnf;aom c&D;jzifh yv’ifESifhwuG cef;raqmif&Sdaeaom
xkdjymom'fukdomvQif &nfñTef;í vm&m\? xkdolukd rsufpdtjrif&Sdaom a,musfm;onf
jrifí ]]þtoQifa,musfm;onf þjymom'fodkYomvQif a&mufvmrnfh vrf;twkdif;
oGm;\? xkdtwkdif;vnf;tm;xkwf\? xkdvrf;odkYvnf; wuf\}} [k ajymqkd&m\/
aemuftcgü xkdolukdyif xkdjymom'fxkdtxGwfwyfaom cef;raqmif xkdyv’ifü
xkdifvsufvnf;aumif;? tdyfvsufvnf;aumif; pifppfcsrf;omonfh okca0'emukd
cHpm;ae&onfukd jrif&m\/
om&dykMwm þOyrmtwlyif igonf þ avmuü tcsKdUaom yk*¾dKvfukd
]]þyk*¾dKvfonfukd,fcE¨m ysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS aemufü aumif;olwdkYvm;a&muf&m
ewfbHkodkYa&mufrnfh
tusifhtwkdif;
usifh\?
xkdtwkdif;vnf;
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ighoQif r*fÓPftjrif txl.fjcif.onf r*f[kwfonf r[kwfonfü ÓPftjriftxl.\)/ ighoQif rjzpfyg[k (qdk\)/ ighoQif tusifhoDv txl.onf tusifhoDv txl.pifMu.usifNidrf.usifNidrf.avm}} [k ar.[k ynwfjim.lrIr&Sdaom xuf0ef.at.usifNidrf.at.[k (ar.lrIr&Sdaom xuf0ef.lrIr&Sdaomxuf0ef.HkrSm.lrIr&Sdaomxuf0ef.[k ynwfonf rnf&m\/ ighoQif tu.pifMu.udk vGefajrmufrI (ÓPf) txl.tHh? pGJ.fhjcif.aomf ]]ighoQif r[kwfyg}} [k ajzqdk\/ ighoQif pdwform"dtxl. avm[k (ar.udkpGJ.at.pifMu.aomf ]]ighoQif r[kwfyg}} [k ajzqdk\/ ]]ighoQif tjriftxl.jcif.onf/ ]]ighoQifr*fÓPftjrif txl.onf pGJ.usifNidrf.jcif.jcif.at.jcif.udk pGJ.jcif.at.at.tHh? pGJ.pifMu.wdkYudk MuOfí pGJ.jcif.usifNidrf.jcif.tHh? .wdkYudk MuOfí pGJ.pifMu.udk pGJ.usifNidrf.[k ynwfjim.fjcif.\ teufudkrSwfoifhoenf.lrIESihf wuGomvQifjzpfaom w&m.at.onf (jzpfoavm) [k (ar.onf tjriftxl.udk pGJ.fjcif.avm[kar.lrI r&Sdaom xuf0ef.fjcif.onf pGJ.lrIr&Sdaom xuf0ef.lrI r&Sdaom xuf0ef.onf jzpfoavm[kar.fí jrwfpGmbk&m.fjcif.usifNidrf.usifNidrf.lrIESifh wuGomvQifjzpfaom w&m.fí jrwfpGmbk&m.lrIr&Sdaom xuf0ef.\)/ ighoQif r[kwfyg[k (qdk\)/ ighoQif þw&m.at.[k ynwfjim.pifMu.HkrSm.at.fjcif.fjcif.[k ynwfonf rnf&m\/ ighoQif tu.pifMu.udk pGJ.pifMu.jcif.jcif.udk pGJ.jcif.udk vGefajrmufrIÓPftxl.[k ynwfonf rnf&m\/ ighoQif tu.pifMu.jcif.onf .usifNidrf.fjcif.[k ynwfjim.aomf ]]ighoQif rjzpfyg}} [k ajzqdk\/ igUoQif tb.udk pGJ.fí jrwfpGmbk&m.pifMu.at.avm[kar.usifNidrf.fí jrwfpGmbk&m.lrIESifh wuGomvQifjzpfaom w&m.pifMu.fjcif.udk pGJ.lrIr&Sdaom xuf0ef.pifMu.jcif.lrIr&Sdaom xuf0ef.jcif.at.fí jrwfpGmbk&m.tHh? pGJ.fjcif.onf pdwform"dtxl.lrIr&Sdaom xuf0ef.jcif.lrIESif wuGomvQifjzpfaom w&m.udk pGJ.lrIr&Sdaom xuf0ef.[k ynwfjim.fjcif.usifNidrf.at.onf/ r*f[kwfonf r[kwfonfü ÓPftjriftxl.usifNidrf.lrIr&Sdaom xuf0ef.at.usifNidrf.jcif.at.tHh? pGJ.onf/ tusifh (tEkvHk) ÓPftjrif txl.jcif.onf pGJ.pifMu.lrIr&Sdaom xuf0ef.aomf ]]ighoQif r[kwf yg}} [k ajzqdk\/ ighoQif þw&m.onf pGJ.fjcif.jcif.lrIr&Sdaom xuf0ef.onf pGJ.lrIr&Sdaom xuf0ef.[k ynwfonf rnf&m\/ ighoQif tu.fodkYvQif þajzqdkaom pum.jcif.usifNidrf.usifNidrf.\)/ 258/ ighoQif tu.at.at.usifNidrf.avm[k/y/ .

wdkYudk MuOfí pGJ...mOfuaom yÍör&xm.&xm.usifNidrf.mOfuaom &xm.mOfuaom q|&xm.l rIr&Sdaom xuf0ef. Oyrmudk jytHh/ 259/ ighoQif Oyrmaomfum.mOfuaom wwd.lrIESifh wuGomvQifjzpfaom w&m..odkY a&muf&m\/ jrif..lrIESihf wuGomvQifjzpfaom w&m.udk wufpD.wGif.usifNidrf.mOfuaom yXr&xm.wHcg.lrIr&Sdaomxuf0ef.mOfuaom wwd.jzifh jrif.odkY a&muf&m\/ .fjcif.mOfuaom pwkw¬&xm.udk pGJ.&xm.usifNidrf. yaóe'daumovrif.usifNidrf.jzifh jrif.udk pGefYvTwf&m\? jrif.mOfuaom pwkw¬&xm...jcif.mOfuaom'kwd.&m\? jrif.udk pGefYvTwf&m\? jrif..udk wufpD.jzifh jrif..at.jcif.jcif.jzifh jrif.tHh? pGJ.udk pGJ..pGJ.[k ynwfonf rnf&m\/ ighoQif tu..&xm.udk wufpD.onf om0w¬djynfü aepOf omauw/ rdKUüwpfpHkwpf&m taqmwvsif jyKzG.udk pGJ.udk pGefYvTwf&m\? jrif.mOfuaom 'kwd..at.pifMu.wdkYonf ajymqdkaompum.mOfuaom wwd..½Iwnfxm.jcif.&m\? jrif.jzifh tcsKdUukefaom ynm&Sda.mOfuaom yXr&xm.mOfuaom 'kwd.[k ynwfonf rnf&m\/ ighoQif tu.udk pGJ.odkY a&muf&m\/ jrif..&m\? jrif..ü jrif.apukef&m\/ ighoQif xdktcg yaóe'daumovrif.udkpGJ.at.fjcif.at.mOfuaom pwkw¬&xm.[k ynwfjim..wdkYudkMuOfí jzpf\/ igUoQif þavmuü Oyrmtm.lrI r&Sdaom xuf0ef.tHh? pGJ.&xm.usifNidrf..jzifh jrif.jcif.jcif.\ teufudk odMuukef\? xdkYaMumifh oifhtm.&xm.onf r*fÓPftjriftxl.onf tusifh (tEkvHk) ÓPftjriftxl.musfm.mOfuaom 'kwd.udk wufpD.twGuf om0w¬djynfESifhomauwNrdKU\ tMum.mOfuaom yÍör&xm.&xm.tHh? ykxkZOfonf xuf0ef..lrIr&Sdaom xuf0ef. &m\? jrif.&m\? jrif.udk pGefYvTwf&m\? jrif.wdkYudk a&S.lrIESifh wuGomvQifjzpfaomw&m.fudpöonf jzpf&m\/ xdkrif..onfjzpfcJhjim..onf om0w¬djynfrS xGufaomf eef.mOfuaom pwkw¬&xm.udk wufpD.fí jrwfpGmbk&m.&m\/ ighoQif rSef\? ykxkZOfonf þw&m..pifMu.at.odkY a&muf&m\/ jrif.fí jrwfpGmbk&m.mOfuaom yXr&xm.mOfuaom yÍör&xm.&xm.rS jrif.lrIr&Sdaom xuf0ef.odkY a&muf&m\/ rif.lrIr&Sdaom xuf0ef. &xm.[k ynwfonf rnf&m\/ ighoQif tu.usifNidrf.usifNidrf.[k ynwfjim.at.ckepfpD.mOfuaom wwd.fí þw&m.at.

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jcif.jcif. ]oHudavo} oabm&Sdaom t&mukdomvQif&SmrSD.uif.[lonf tb.vQif npfnL.cJh\? ukd.jcif. ]oHudavo} oabm&Sdaom t&mwnf.wdkY þtxnf0w¬Kj'AfwdkYonf npfnL.fwkdif jzpfyGg.\/ ukd.vQif aqG.cJh\/ .fwkdif aqG.jcif. ]r&P} oabm&Sdonfjzpfí aojcif.jcif.xGif. ]aomu} oabmü tjypfukd odNyD. ]oHudavo}oabm&Sdaom t&mwnf.wdkY jrwfaom &SmrSD.ajrUjcif.wdkY þavmuü tcsKdUaom olonf ukd.[lonf þonfyifwnf. ]aomu} oabm&Sdaom t&mukdomvQif &SmrSD.qdwfESifh okd.&medAÁmefukd &SmrSD.fwkdifemjcif.jcif.\/ &[ef.jcif. ]Z&m} oabm&Sdonfjzpfí aqG.? a&TaiGonf npfnL.fwkdif npfnL. ]Zmwd} oabm&SdonfjzpfvsufjzpfyGg.jcif.onf npfnL. jrif. ]Zmwd} oabmü tjypfukd odNyD.vQif ylaqG.cJh \? ukd. ]r&P} oabmü tjypfukd odNyD. ]oHudavo} oabm&Sdaomt&mwnf.ajrUjcif.fwkdif ylaqG.&medAÁmefukd &SmrSD.jcif. ]Asm"d} oabm&Sdonfjzpfí emjcif.r&Sdaom twkrJhjzpfaom ab.jcif.onf npfnL.jcif. ]oHudavo} oabm&Sdaom t&mwnf.\/ ukd.jcif.aom bk&m.fwkdif npfnL. ]r&P} oabm&Sdaom t&mukdomvQif&SmrSD.\/ &[ef.&m edAÁmefukd &SmrSD.? Muuf 0ufonf npfnL. ]aomu} oabm&SdonfjzpfvsufylaqG.jcif.jcif.uif.\/ ukd./ &[ef. ]Z&m}oabm&Sd onfjzpfvsuf aqG.r&SdaomtwkrJhjzpfaom ab.jcif.cJh\? ukd.fwkdif npfnL. ]Z&m} oabmütjypfukd odNyD. ]r&P} oabm&Sdonfjzpfvsuf aojcif.fwkdif jzpfyGg.fwkdif emjcif.ajrUjcif.[lonf þonfyifwnf. ]oHudavo} oabm&Sdaom t&mukdomvQif &SmrSD.jcif. ]Asm"d} oabm&Sdonfjzpfvsuf emjcif. ]Zmwd} oabm&SdonfjzpfíjzpfyGg.yg.í rodao.vQif aojcif.r*fukd r&ao. ]aomu} &SdonfjzpfíylaqG. ]Asm"d} oabmü tjypfukd odNyD.\/ ukd.jcif.jcif.fwkdif aojcif.rD opömav.ukd xkd.avmif. ]oHudavo}çoabm&Sdonfjzpfvsuf npfnL.arm ouf0ifvsuf ukd.&m edAÁmefukd &SmrSD.uif.jcif.jcif.&m edAÁmefukd &SmrSD. t&d.ajrUjcif.fwkdifaojcif./ þtxnf0w¬Kj'AfwdkYü þolonf wufruf rdef./ &[ef. ]Asm"d} oabm&Sdaom t&mukdomvQif &SmrSD.jcif. jrnf.&medAÁmefukd &SmrSD.jcif.fwkdif ylaqG.vQif jzpfyGg./ 275/ &[ef. ]Zmwd} oabm&Sdaom t&mukdomvQif &SmrSD. ]oHudavo} oabmü tjypfukd odNyD.r&Sdaom twkrJhjzpfaom ab. ]Z&m} oabm&Sdaom t&mukdomvQif &SmrSD.wdkY jrwfaom &SmrSD. ]oHudavo}oabm&Sdonfjzpfvsuf npfnL.uif.cJh\? ukd.ajrUjcif.fwkdif aqG.wdkY igonfvnf.vQifemjcif.fenf./ 276/ &[ef.r&Sdaom twkrJhjzpfaom ab.jcif. ]oHudavo} oabm&Sdonfjzpfí npfnL.\/ ukd.uif.r&Sdaom twkrJh jzpfaom ab.jcif.uif.jcif.rQom jzpfaepOfu ukd.? qif EGm.r&Sdaom twkrJhjzpfaom ab.cJh\? ukd.wdkY rjrwfaom &SmrSD. ]oHudavo} oabm&Sdaom t&mwdkYwnf.

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ajrU&ifhusuf\? tMuif tyltat./ ighoQifwdkY tMuiftcg r[mork'´&mü wpfol0ufaom a&onfvnf.av.)ç tyltat.ol&Sdaom a&onfvnf.fí aumif.tyf aomuftyf cJtyfvsuftyfaom tpmonf aumif.ltyfaom þukd. (rD. wnf \? xef.) "mwfonf tb./ tyltat. ]]ig[kvnf.ighoQifwdkY tMuiftcg r[mork'´&mü xef./y/ ighoQifwdkY xkd&[ef. (rD.onf) rjzpfonfomwnf./ xkdtcgxkd&[ef. þtwGif.wnf\? oHk.onf (tqHk.frSm pGJ.) "mwfjzifhvnf. wnf\? 'l. xuf0ef./ ighoQifwdkY tMuiftcg r[mork'´&mü vufwpfqpfpGwf½HkrQvnf.fukdpGJíjzpfaom tyltat.t&Snfjzifhvnf.ckepfqifh&Sdaom a&onfvnf.pGm yl\/ tMuiftyltat.) "mwfonf &Sd\/ ighoQifwdkY twGif.aumif. wnf\? ESpfol&Sdaom a&onfvnf.oabm&Sdonf\tjzpfonf xifvwåHU? ysufjcif./ ighoQifwdkY tMuiftcg r[mork'´&mü ckepfol&Sdaom a&onfvnf.fenf. pm. wnf\? av.ljcif.onf þodkY jrwfpGmbk&m.pGm .ol&Sdaom a&onfvnf. a&onf r&Sd? xkdtcgonf&Sdonfomwnf./ ighoQifwdkY xkd (odkY r&Sdaom) aMumifhomvQif xkdrQavmufBuD.onf xkdodkYwnfjcif. (rD. wnf\? xef.) "mwfonf tb.qifh&Sdaom a&onfvnf.) "mwfjzifhvnf.qpfrQavmufaom a&onfvnf. jyif. aqG. (rD.ESpfqifh&Sdaom a&onfvnf.? tMuif tyltat.oabm&Sdonf\tjzpfonf xifvwåHU? azmufjyefjcif.fom wnfwHhjcif. (rD.aMumifh 0rf.loifhrnfenf.ajrmufaom pdwf&Sd\/ ighoQifwdkY þrQaom twkdif.tm. (rD.jzpfaom a&"mwfü (pGJ. &[ef. wnf\? cg.aumif.) "mwfonf &Sd\? tyjzpfaom tyltat.fcE¨mtm.? igykdif[kvnf.ukd atmufarhaomf þodkY w&m. (rD.i.ltyfaom ½kyfonf&Sd\? þ½kyfonf tb.) "mwfjzifhvnf.? igjzpf\}} [kvnf.qifh&Sdaom a&onfvnf. (rD. wnf\? xkdtcgonf &Sdonfomwnf.ol&Sdaom a&onfvnf.fenf. wnf\? xef. (rD.fenf.trukd) rsm.onftu.aom tyjzpfaom a&"mwf\rjrJonfh tjzpfonf xifvwåHU? ukefjcif.qifh &Sdaom a&onfvnf.) "mwfonftwGifjzpfaom tyltat.yifrQavmufaom a&onfvnf.) "mwfjzifhvnf. (rD. wnf\? xef.oHk. wnf\? xkdtcgonf &Sdonfom wnf.ig.aumif.) tygt0ifjzpfaom pGJ.usif avmif\? tMuif tyltat. tb. wnf\? xkdtcgonf &Sdonfomwnf. wnf\? ajcmufol&Sdaoma&onfvnf.jzpfaom tyltat.pGm vkdufem\/ 304/ ighoQifwdkY tyltat.pGm wnftHh? xkd&[ef. wnf\? ig. wnf\? xef. wnf\? wpfolrQavmufaom a&onfvnf./ rdrdoEÅmefü jzpfaom rdrdukd. (rD. wnf\? xef.awmfukdatmufarhaomf þodkY oHCmawmfukd atmufarhaomf ukokdvfESifhpyfaom vspfvsL½Ijcif. wnf\? ajcrsufpdrQavmufaoma&onfvnf.&Sdonfh wPSmu pGJ.oabm&Sdonf\tjzpfonf xifvwåHU/ (tcsdef) tenf.ajcmufqifh&Sdaom a&onfvnf.rQavmuf aoma&onfvnf.

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aom tyjzpfaom av"mwf\rjrJonfh tjzpfonf xifvwåHU? ukefjcif. ]]ig[kvnf.frSmpGJ.yfjzifhvnf.fwdkYodkY tpOfavQmufaom av? 0ifouf xGufoufav? þavwdkYwnf./ rdrdoEÅmefü jzpfaom rdrdukd.onfvnf.jzifhvnf. tHh? jcKwfjc.oabm&Sdonfhtjzpfonf xifvwåHU? ysufpD.jcif.jzpfaom av"mwf[k qkdtyf\/ twGif. wkdufvTifh\? Zeyk'fukdvnf.üwnfaom av? t*FgBuD./ wpfyg.aumif.qJukefjim.av"mwfomwnf.jzpfaom av"mwfü pGJ.jzpfaom av"mwfonf tb.aomynmjzifh ½Ijrifvwfaomf av"mwfüNiD. wkdufvTifh\? Zeyk'f wpfpdwfukdvnf.tHh/ xkd&[ef.\/ ighoQifwdkY tMuiftcgü tyjzpfaom av"mwfonf ysufpD.onfvnf.wkdufvTifh\? ed*Hk.jcif.fenf.onfrjzpfonfomwnf.tm.ü wnfaom av? tltwGif.fukd pGJí jzpfoenf.fcE¨mtm.tHh? n§Of.onf tjrJr&Sd[k ½Ijrif\/ jyKjyifpD&ifrIwdkYonf tjrJr&Sdukef[k ½Ijrif\? txl.odrIpdwfonf tjrJr&Sd[k ½Ijrif\/ xkd&[ef. avukd &Smukef \/ a&pD.loifhrnfenf.&JcHpm./ ighoQifwdkY xkd (odkYjzpfaom) aMumifhomvQif xkdrQavmufBuD.l tyfaom½kyfonf &Sd\/ ighoQifwdkY þ½kyfukd twGif.? igjzpf\}} [kvnf.aumif.cyf.aumif.tHh? a&&Gwfukefjim.fí xkd&[ef.aumif.fwdkYonfrvIyf&Sm.ltyfaom þukd.vnf.oabm&Sdonfhtjzpfonf xifvwåHU? azmufjyefjcif. jrufoufi. tb.f ]]twå}} r[kwf}} [k þodkY þav"mwfukd trSeftwkdif.aumif.fukefjim.ukef/ xkdtcgonf &Sdonfomwnf.&Guf.aumif.tjrJr&Sd[k ½Ijrif\/ cHpm.aomynmjzifh ½Ioifh\? hþodkY þav"mwfukd trSeftwkdif. jzpfaom trSwfr&Sd (tvHk./ ighoQifwdkY tu.ighoQifwdkY twGif. þ twGif.? rD.wdkYu tu.yf0ef.aiGU\? pdwfonf av"mwfü wyfjcif. em.? awGUxdjcif.ltyfaom ½kyfonf &Sd\/ þ½kyfonf tb.jzpfaom av"mwfonfvnf.? igykdif[kvnf.us&m wHpufNrdwfüvnf.ü aygif./ xkdav"mwfukd ]]þav"mwfonf igykdifr[kwf? þav"mwfonf igr[kwf? þav"mwfonfighukd. pGJí jzpf\? rpGJbJ rjzpf? tb.fí qJa&.oabm&Sdonfhtjzpfonf xifvwåHU/ (tcsdef) tenf.fukd pGJíjzpfaom avç avtygt0ifjzpfaom pGJ.jcif.onf tjrJr&Sd[k ½Ijrif\/ rSwfom. aumif.aumif.ukefjim.fukdpGJíjzpfaom avç avtygt0ifjzpfaom pGJ.ukd pGJí jzpf\/ xkdawGUxdjcif. wkdufvTifh\? / rKdUukdvnf.&Sdonfh wPSmonf pGJ./ ighoQifwdkY tMuiftcgü aEGOwkwdkY\ aemufqHk./ xkdtcg xkd&[ef.fenf.jzwf\/ .i.onf ightm.ukdvnf. wkdufvTifh\? xkdtcgonf &Sdonfomwnf. aumif.ljcif.jcif.uif.pGm wnf\? qHk.i.qHkawGUxdjcif.aMumifhjzpfaom þqif.ukd olwpfyg.? xkdqif.vü xef.? txufodkY wufaom av? atmufodkY oufaom av? 0rf.jcif. tyjzpfaom av"mwfonfvnf.onf jzpfonfomwnf.\? xkdav"mwfonf &Gmukdvnf.pHk) aom rdrdoEÅmefüjzpfaom rdrdukd.\pdwfonf "mwftm½HküomvQif ouf0if\? Munfvif\? aumif.f om wnfwefYjcif.&JcHpm.

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&[ef;wdkY Oyrmaomfum; xdkEGm;aygufESifhEGm;rwef;wdkYonf zDvmuefYvefY **Fgjrpf\
a&t,Ofudk jzwfí csrf;ompGm xdkrSmbufurf;odkY a&mufukefouJUodkY þtwlyifvQif
oHk;yg;aomoHa,mZOf
]taESmiftzGJU}wdkY\
t<uif;rJhukefjcif;aMumifhvnf;aumif;?
wyfrufjcif;
]&m*}jypfrSm;jcif;
]a'go}
awGa0jcif;
]arm[}wdkY\
acgif;yg;jcif;aMumifhvnf;aumif; þvlUjynfodkYwpfBudrfomvmí qif;&J\ tqHk;udk
jyKvwåHUjzpfaom ou'g*grf&[ef;wdkYonfvnf;zDvmuefYvefY (cE¨) rm&f\ a& t,Ofudk
jzwfí csrf;ompGm xdkrSmbufurf; ]edAÁmef}odkYa&mufukefvwåHU/
&[ef;wdkY Oyrmaomfum; Eke,faom EGm;i,fuav;ESifh ydefMuHKtm;enf;aom
EGm;wdkYonf zDvmuefYvefY **Fgjrpf\ a&t,Ofudk jzwfí csrf;ompGm xdkrSmbufurf;odkY
a&mufukefouJUodkYþtwlyifvQif
oHk;yg;aom
oHa,mZOf
]taESmiftzGJU}wdkY \
t<uif;rJhukefjcif;aMumifh
tyg,fodkYusjcif;oabmr&Sdaom
udef;aojrJaom
txufr*foHk;yg;vQif vm;&m&Sdaom aomwmyef&[ef;wdkYonfvnf; zDvmuefYvefY (cE¨)
rm&f\ a&t,Ofudk jzwfí csrf;ompGm xdkrSmbufurf; ]edAÁmef}odkYa&mufukefvwåHU/
&[ef;wdkY Oyrmaomfum; xdkaeYaygufzGm;onfh Eke,fvSaom EGm;om;i,fonf
trdEGm;r\&SL;&SL;toH[laom trSwfonmjzifh arQmul;vsuf zDvmuefYvefY **Fgjrpf\
a&t,Ofudk jzwfícsrf;ompGm xdkrSmbufurf;odkY a&mufouJUodkY þtwlyifvQif
ynmw&m;udk
atmufarhavh&Sdol,HkMunfjcif;
]o'¨g}udk
atmufarhavh&Sdol
&[ef;wdkYonfvnf; zDvmuefYvefY (cE¨) rm&f\ a&t,Ofudk jzwfí csrf;ompGm
xdkrSmbufurf; ]edAÁmef}odkY a&mufukefvwåHU/
&[ef;wdkY igonfum; þavmuü vdr®m\? wrvGefavmuü vdr®m\?
rm&f\wnf&m bHkoHk;yg;w&m;ü vdr®m\? rm&f\wnf&m r[kwf&m (avmukwå&mw&m;)
ü vdr®m\? aojcif; rpöKrm&f\wnf&m bHkoHk;yg;w&m;ü vdr®m\? aojcif;rpöKrm&f\
wnf&m r[kwf&m (avmukwå&m w&m;) üvdr®m\? &[ef;wdkY xdkig\ (pum;udk)
em,lxdkuf\ ,HkMunfxdkuf\[k xifrSwfaeukef aomolrsm;tm; xdkxifrSwfjcif;onf
&SnfMumpGmaom umvywfvHk; pD;yGm;jcif;iSg csrf;omjcif;iSgjzpfvwåHU[k þw&m;udk
bkef;awmfBuD;awmfrlaom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mMum;awmfrl\/ aumif; aom pum;udk
a[mMum;awmfrlwwfaom
jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
þw&m;udka[mMum;awmfrlNyD;í?
xdkrSwpfyg; vlewfwdkY\q&m jrwfpGmbk&m;onf þ*gxmudk rdefYawmfrl\-

]]w&m;tm;vHk;udk odawmfrlaom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf þavmuudkvnf; aumif;?
wrvGefavmuudkvnf;aumif; aumif;pGm jyawmfrlNyD/
(w&m;tm;vHk;udk) udk,fwdkif odawmfrlaom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf (udavo)
rm&fa&muf&m
(bHkoHk;yg;w&m;)
udkvnf;aumif;?
aojcif;rpöKrm&fra&muf&m
(avmukwå&mw&m;) udkvnf;aumif;tvHk;pHkaom avmuudk txl;odí ab;uif;&m
edAÁmefodkY a&mufjcif;iSg tNrdKufedAÁmef\ wHcg;udkhzGifhxm;awmf rlNyD/
rm&f,kwf\ a&t,Ofudk jzwftyfNyD? zsufqD;tyfNyD? usL uJhodkYaom rme uif;jcif;udk
jyKtyfNyD/ &[ef;wdkY (oifwdkYonf) rsm;pGmaom 0rf;ajrmufjcif; &SdMuukefavmh? ab;uif;&m
(t&[wåzdkvf) udk awmifhwMuukefavmh}} [k (rdefY awmfrl\)/
av;ckajrmuf plVa*gygvuokwfNyD;\/
------

5- plVopöuokwf
353/ tuREkfyfonf þodkY Mum;emcJh&ygonftcgwpfyg;ü
jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
a0omvDjynf
r[m0kefawm
jymom'faqmifaygufaomausmif;BuD;ü
oDwif;oHk;aeawmfrl\/
xdktcg
ed*P²wuúwGef;\om; opöuonf a0omvDjynfüae\/ pum;NydKifqdkifajymqdkwwf\?
]]igonf ynm&Sdwnf;}} [k ajymqdkwwf\? rsm;pGmaomvlt aygif;u olawmfaumif;[k
orkwfxm;tyf\/ xdkopöuonf a0omvDjynf y&dowfüþodkY aom pum;udk
ajymqdk\/
]]pum;vrf;pOfjzifh
igtjypfwifqdkaomf
rwkefrvSKyf
r,drf;,dkifrnfh
vufuwD;Mum;wdkYrS acR;rxGufrnfh &[ef;taygif;&Sdol *dkPf;&Sdol *dkPf;q&mjzpfol
orPjAm[®Pudkaomfvnf;aumif;? udavomudk y,fowfEdkifaom (w&m;tm;vHk;udk)
udk,fwdkif rSefpGm odaom bk&m;[k 0efcHoludkaomfvnf;aumif; ig rawGUjrif? pdwfr&Sdaom
wHk;wdkifudkaomfvnf; pum;vrf;pOfjzifh igtjypfwif qdkjim;tHh? xdkwHk;wdkifonfvnf;
pum;vrf;pOfjzifh igtjypfwifqdkaomf wkefvSKyf ,drf;,dkif&m\? vljzpfaomolrSm
tb,fqdkzG,f&SdawmhtHhenf;}} [k (ajymqdk\)/
xdktcg toQiftóZdonf eHeuftcg ouFef;udk jyif0wfí oydwfouFef;udk
,laqmifuma0omvDjynfodkY qGrf;cH0ifawmfrl\/ ed*P²wuúwGef;\om; opöuonf
a0omvDjynfü tanmif;ajy vrf;avQmufvSnfhvnfaomf ta0;rS <uvmonfh
toQiftóZdudk jrifvQif csOf;uyfítoQif tóZdESifhtwl 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;om
pum;ajymqdkí 0rf;ajrmufzG,f trSwf&zG,f pum;udk (ajymqdk) NyD;qHk;apí oifhwifh
avsmufywfaom ae&mü &yfvsuf ed*P²wuúwGef;\om;opöuu ]]tdk tóZd
&[ef;a*gwronf wynfhom0uwdkYudk tb,fodkY qHk;roenf;? &[ef;a*gwrrSm wynfh

om0uwdkYtay:ü tb,fodkY tpdwftydkif;&Sdaom ñTefMum;csufonfrsm;pGmjzpfoenf;}}
[kar;\/
t*¾da0óe jrwfpGmbk&m;onf wynfhom0uwdkYudk þodkY qHk;r\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;\
wynfhom0uwdkYtay:ü þodkY tpdwftydkif;&Sdaom ñTefMum;csufonf rsm;pGm jzpf\/
]]&[ef;wdkY½kyfonf tjrJr&Sd? cHpm;jcif; ]a0'em}onf tjrJr&Sd? rSwfom;jcif; ]onm}onf
tjrJr&Sd? jyKjyifpD&ifrI ]ocFg&}wdkYonf tjrJr&Sdukef? txl;odrI ]0dnmPf} onf tjrJr&Sd/
&[ef;wdkY ½kyfonf udk,f ]twå}r[kwf? cHpm;jcif;onf udk,f ]twå} r[kwf?
rSwfom;jcif;onf udk,f ]twå} r[kwf? jyKjyifpD&ifrIwdkY onf udk,f ]twå} r[kwfukef?
txl;odrI ]0dnmPf}onf udk,f ]twå} r[kwf? tvHk;pHkaom jyKjyif pD&ifrIwdkYonf
tjrJr&Sdukef? tvHk;pHkaom w&m;wdkYonfudk,f ]twå}r[kwfukef}} [k jrwfpGmbk&m; onf
wynfhom0uwdkYudk qHk;r\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;\wynfhom0uwdkYtay:ü þodkY tpdwftydkif;
&Sdaom ñTefMum;csufonf rsm;pGmjzpf\[k (qdk\)/
tóZd
rawmfravsmf
Mum;&ukef\wum;?
igwdkYonf
&[ef;a*gwr
þodkYa[majymavh&Sdonfudk
Mum;&ay\?
igwdkYonf
wpfcsdefcsdefü
xdktoQifa*gwrESifhtwl awGUqHk&aumif;wef&m\? hwpfpHkwpf&maom pum;tjyeftvSef
ajymqdkjcif;onf
jzpfaumif;wef&m\?
xdk,kwfnHhaom
tjrif'd|drS
uif;qdwfapEdkifaumif;wef&m\[k (qdk\)/
354/ xdktcg ig;&mrQavmuf&Sdukefaom vdpä0Drif;wdkYonf aqG;aEG;wdkifyif&m
vTwfawmfüwpfpHkwpf&m jyKzG,fudpöjzifh pnf;a0;ukef\/ xdktcg ed*P²wuúwGef;\om;
opöuonf vdpä0Drif;wdkYxHodkY csOf;uyfNyD;vQif]]vdpä0Drif;wdkY xGufMuukefavmh? vdpä0Drif;wdkY xGufMuukefavmh? ,aeY ighrSm &[ef;
a*gwrESifhtwl pum;tjyeftvSef ajymqdkjcif; jzpf&vwåHU/ xif&Sm;aom ax&fwdkYwGif
wpfyg;tygt0ifjzpfaom (&[ef;a*gwr\) wynfhom0u tóZdrnfaom &[ef;onf
ightm; 0efcHouJhodkY &[ef;a*gwronf ightm; 0efcHcJhvQif tm;&Sdaom a,musfm;onf
tarG;&Snf&Sdaomodk;udktarG;wdkYü qGJudkifí iif&m wGef;&m iifvnf;iif wGef;vnf ;
wGef;&mouJhodkY? þtwlyifvQifigonf &[ef;a*gwrudk pum;vrf;pOfjzifh tjypfudk
(wifqdkí) iif&tHh? wGef;&tHh? iifvnf;iifwGef;vnf; wGef;&tHh? aowif;ukwf&Sd
tm;&Sdaom tvkyform;onf aowif;ukwfü cif;xm;aomBuD;vSpGmaom zsmudk
eufpGmaom a&tdkifü ypfcsí tem;pGef;ü udkifqGJí iif&m wGef;&m iifvnf;iif wGef;vnf;
wGef;&mouJhodkY? þtwlyifvQif igonf &[ef;a*gwrudk pum;vrf;pOfjzifh tjypfudk
(wifqdkí) iif&tHh? wGef;&tHh? iifvnf;iif wGef;vnf; wGef;&tHh? tm;&Sdaom
aoaomufBuL;onf aoaomufcGufudk tem;pGef;ü udkifqGJí arSmufcg&m vSefcg&m
tBudrfBudrf vSKyfcg&mouJhodkY? þtwlyifvQif igonf &[ef;a*gwrudk pum;vrf;pOfjzifh
tjypfudk (wifqdkí) arSmufcg&tHh? vSefcg&tHh? tBudrfBudrf vSKyfcg&tHh/
tESpfajcmufq,f&SdrS tm;,kwfaom qifajymifonf eufpGmaom a&uefodkY oufqif;í
avQmfrQifaq; (aMum) onfESifh tvm;wlaom upm;jcif;rsKd;udkupm; ouJhodkY?
þtwlyifvQif igonf &[ef;a*gwrudk avQmfrQifaq; (aMum) onfESifhtvm;wlaom

upm;jcif;rsKd;udk upm;&tHh/ vdpä0Drif;wdkY xGufMuukefavmh? vdpä0Drif;wdkYxGufMuukefavmh?
,aeY ighrSm &[ef;a*gwrESifhtwl pum;tjyeftvSef ajymqdkjcif; jzpfvwåHU}} [kajymqdk\/
xdkodkYqdk&mü tcsKdUaom vdpä0Drif;wdkYu ]]&[ef;a*gwronf ed*P²wuúwGef;\om;
opö utm;tb,frSm tjypfudk wifEdkifvwåHUenf;? ed*P²wuúwGef;\om; opöuuom
&[ef;a*gwr tm;tjypfudk wifEdkifvwåHU}} [k qdkukef\/ tcsKdUaom vdpä0Drif;wdkYuvnf;
]]ed*P²wuúwGef;\ om;opöuonf b,fvdkvlpm;jzpfí jrwfpGmbk&m;tm; tjypfudk
wifEdkifvwåHUenf;? jrwfpGmbk&m;uom ed*P²wuúwGef;\om; opöutm; tjypfudk
wifEdkifvwåHU}} [k qdkukef\/
xdktcg ed*P²wuúwGef;\om; opöuonf ig;&mrQavmuf&Sdaom vdpä0Drif;wdkYjzifh/
cH&Hvsufr[m0kefawm jymom'faqmifaygufaom ausmif;qDodkY csOf;uyf\/
355/ xdktcg rsm;pGmaom &[ef;wdkYonf vGifwD;acgifü pBuøoGm;ukef \/
ed*P²wuúwGef;\om; opöuonf xdk&[ef;wdkYxHodkY csOf;uyfNyD;vQif ]]toQifwdkY
,cktcg xdktoQifa*gwronftb,fü aeoenf;? igwdkYonf xdktoQifa*gwrudk
awGUjrifvdkukef\}} [k xdk&[ef;wdkYtm; ajymqdk\/
t*¾da0óe xdkjrwfpGmbk&m;onf r[m0kefawmBuD;odkY ouf0ifí wpfckaom
opfyif&if;üaeYoefY&ef xdkifaeawmfrl\[k (ajymqdkukef\)/
xdktcg ed*P²wuúwGef;\om; opöuonf rsm;pGmaom vdpä0Drif;y&dowfESifh twl
r[m0kefawmBuD;odkY ouf0ifí jrwfpGmbk&m;xHodkY csOf;uyfNyD;vQif jrwfpGmbk&m;ESifh twl
0rf;ajrmuf0rf;hom pum;ajymqdk\? 0rf;ajrmufzG,f trSwf&zG,f pum;udk (ajymqdk)
NyD;qHk;apí oifhwifhavsmufywfaom ae&mü xdkif\/ xdkvdpä0Drif;wdkYonfvnf;
tcsKdUolwdkYu jrwfpGmbk&m;udk ½dkaopGm &Sdcdk;í oifhwifhavsmufywfaom ae&mü
xdkifaeukef\/ tcsKdUolwdkYu jrwfpGmbk&m;ESifh twl 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;om pum;ajymqdk
ukef\/
0rf;ajrmufzG,f
trSwf&zG,f
pum;udk
(ajymqdk)
NyD;qHk;apíoifhwifhavsmufywfaom ae&mü xdkifukef\/ tcsKdUolwdkYu jrwfpGmbk&m;xHodkY
vuftkyfudkñGwfapí oifhwifhavsmufywfaom ae&mü xdkifukef\/ tcsKdUolwdkYu
jrwfpGmbk&m;txHü trnftEG,fudk Mum;í oifhwifhavsmufywfaom ae&mü xdkifukef \/
tcsKdUolwdkYu qdwfqdwf (jzpfí) oifhwifhavsmufywfaom ae&mü xdkifukef\/
356/ ed*P²wuúwGef;\om; opöuonf oifhwifhavsmufywfaom ae&mü
xdkifvsuf ]]tu,fítoQifa*gwru tuREkfyftm; jyóemudk ar;jref;jcif;iSg
tcGifhjyKjim;tHh? tuREkfyfonftoQifa*gwrudk wpfpHkwpf&maom taMumif;udk ar;vdkyg\}}
[k jrwfpGmbk&m;tm; avQmufxm;\/
t*¾da0óe ar;vdkvQif ar;avmh[k (rdefYawmfrl\)/
toQifa*gwronf wynfhom0uwdkYudk tb,fodkY qHk;roenf;? toQifa*gwr\
wynfhom0uwdkYtay:ü tb,fodkYaom tpdwftydkif;&Sdaom ñTefMum;csufonf
rsm;pGmjzpfoenf;[k (ar;\)/

t*¾da0óe igonf wynfhom0uwdkYudk þodkYvQif qHk;r\? ig\
wynfhom0uwdkYtay:üþodkY tpdwftydkif;&Sdaom ñTefMum;csufonf rsm;pGmjzpf\/
]]&[ef;wdkY ½kyfonf tjrJr&Sd? cHpm;jcif; ]a0'em}onf tjrJr&Sd? rSwfom;jcif; ]onm}onf
tjrJr&Sd? jyKjyifpD&ifrI ]ocFg&}wdkYonf tjrJr&Sdukef? txl;odrI ]0dnmPf} onf tjrJr&Sd/
&[ef;wdkY ½kyfonf udk,f ]twå} r[kwf? cHpm;jcif;onf udk,f ]twå} r[kwf?
rSwfom;jcif;onf udk,f ]twå} r[kwf? jyKjyifpD&ifrIwdkYonf udk,f ]twå} r[kwfukef?
txl;odrI ]0dnmPf}onf udk,f ]twå} r[kwf? tvHk;pHkaomjyKjyifpD&ifrIwdkYonf
tjrJr&Sdukef? tvHk;pHkaom w&m;wdkYonf udk,f ]twå} r[kwfukef}} [kþodkYvQif igonf
wynfh om0uwdkYudk qHk;r\? ighrSm wynfhom0uwdkYtay:ü þodkYtpdwftydkif;&Sdaom
ñTefMum;csuf onf rsm;pGmjzpf\[k (rdefYawmfrl\)/
toQifa*gwr tuREfkyfrSm Oyrm (wpfck) xifjrifvmyg\[k (qdk\)/
]]t*¾da0óe xdkYyrmudk xif&Sm;ygap}} [k jrwfpGmbk&m;u rdefYMum;awmfrl\/
toQifa*gwr Oyrmaomfum; tvHk;pHkaom þrsKd;aphtm;vHk;ESifh tyiftm;vHk;wdkYonf
ajrudkrSDíajrüwnfum BuD;yGm;jcif; pnfyifjcif; jyefYajymjcif;odkY a&mufukef\? þodkYvQif
þrsKd;aphtm;vHk;ESifh tyif tm;vHk;wdkYonf BuD;yGm;jcif; pnfyifjcif; jyefYajymjcif;odkY
a&mufukefouJhodkYvnf;aumif;?
toQifa*gwr
Oyrm
wpfenf;aomfum;
þtm;tpGrf;jzifh jyKtyfaom trIudpötm;vHk;wdkYudk ajrudk rSDí ajrü wnfum jyK&ukef \?
þodkY þtm;tpGrf;jzifh jyKtyfaom trIudpöwdkYudk jyK&ukefouJhodkYvnf;aumif;
t&Sifa*gwr þtwlyif (vQif) ½kyfudk udk,f ]twå}[k ,lqaom þowå0gyk*¾dKvfonf
½kyfü wnfí ukodkvf tukodkvfwdkYudk jzpfyGm;ap\? cHpm;jcif;udkudk,f ]twå}[k ,lqaom
þowå0gyk*¾dKvfonf cHpm;jcif;ü wnfí ukodkvf tukodkvfwdkYudkjzpfyGm;ap\?
rSwfom;jcif;udk udk,f ]twå}[k ,lqaom þowå0g yk*¾dKvfonf rSwfom;jcif;üwnfí
ukodkvf tukodkvfwdkYudk jzpfyGm;ap\? jyKjyifpD&ifrIwdkYudk udk,f ]twå}[k ,lqaom
þowå0gyk*¾dKvfonf jyKjyifpD&ifrIwdkYü wnfí ukodkvf tukodkvfwdkYudk jzpfyGm;ap\?
txl;odrIh0dnmPfudk udk,f ]twå}[k ,lqaom þowå0gyk*¾dKvfonf txl;odrI0dnmPfü
wnfí ukodkvftukodkvfwdkYudk jzpfyGm;ap\[k (qdk\)/
t*¾da0óe ½kyfonf ig\ udk,f ]twå} wnf;? cHpm;jcif;onf ig\ udk,f ]twå}
wnf;? rSwfom;jcif;onf ig\ udk,f ]twå} wnf;? jyKjyifpD&ifrIwdkYonf ig\ udk,f
]twå} wnf;? txl;odrI ]0dnmPf}onf ig\ udk,f ]twå} wnf;[k oif þodkY
qdkavoavm[k (ar;awmfrl\)/
toQifa*gwr ]]½kyfonf ig\ udk,f ]twå} wnf;? cHpm;jcif;onf ig\ udk,f ]twå}
wnf;? rSwfom;jcif;onf ig\ udk,f ]twå} wnf;? jyKjyifpD&ifrIwdkYonf ig\ udk,f
]twå} wnf;? txl;odrI ]0dnmPf}onf ig\ udk,f ]twå} wnf;}} [k tuREkfyfvnf;
þodkY qdkyg\? þrsm;pGmaomvltaygif;uvnf; þodkYyif qdkyg\[k (qdk\)/
t*¾da0óe rsm;pGmaom oif\vltaygif;onf tb,fodkY jyKvwåHUenf;? t*¾da0óe
rdrd0g'udkomvQif oif ajz&Sif;avmh[k (rdefYawmfrl\)/

toQifa*gwr ]]½kyfonf ig\ udk,f ]twå} wnf;? cHpm;jcif;onf ig\ udk,f ]twå}
wnf;? rSwfom;jcif;onf ig\ udk,f ]twå} wnf;? jyKjyifpD&ifrIwdkYonf ig\ udk,f
]twå} wnf;? txl;odrI ]0dnmPf}onf ig\ udk,f ]twå} wnf;}} [k tuREkfyfvnf;
þodkY ajymqdkyg\[k (qdk\)/
357/ t*¾da0óe xdkodkYjzpfvQif þt&mü oifhudkyif jyefí ar;OD;tHh?
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&[ef;wdkY þtwlyifvQif rif;rsKd;rSaomfvnf; vlUabmifrS xGufcGmí &[ef;abmifü
&[ef;jyKol jzpfapumrl? xkdolonf jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mxm;aom tqHk;trawmfukd pGJí
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tmoa0gw&m;wdkY\ ukefjcif;aMumifh tmoa0gw&m;uif;aom vGwfajrmufaom
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a[mMum;awmfrl\/
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w&m;awmfukd
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q,fckajrmuf plVtóyk&okwfNyD;\/
av;ckajrmuf r[m,ru0*fNyD;\/
-----r[m,ru0*f\ okwftusOf;csKyf
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od*Fokwf? r[ma*god*Fokwf? wzef r[ma*gygvuokwf plVa*gygvu okwf?
r[mopöuokwf? plVopöuokwf? plVwPSmocF,okwf? r[mwPSm ocF,okwf?
r[mtóyk&okwf? plVtóyk&okwfwnf;/
------

5 - plV,ru0*f
1- omav,suokwf

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jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
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r&Sd/
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