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Water Treatment

Water Treatment

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water treatment
water treatment

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Published by: Sumaporn Chantaraaumporn on Feb 10, 2013
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07/20/2013

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In the majority of cases ozone systems are produced with

tubular electrodes, see Fig. 69 pos. 2 and 3, where the high volt-

age is applied to the central pipe (2). The dry air or oxygen is con-

veyed in a fairly narrow gap (1 and 5) between the two elec-

trodes. A mixture of ozone-containing air and oxygen is

removed at(6). A dielectric medium (4) is located between the

two electrodes. This is an insulating material thatprevents

directcurrentpassage (shortcircuit) between the two elec-

trodes. Due to the huge outputs imparted between the elec-

trodes (~ 5 kW/m2

) a certain amountof heatis generated, which

is conducted away with the cooling water in the outer earthed

electrode (7).

As with UV apparatus, ozone elements are integrated in larger

units in parallel operation for greater capacities. Fig. 70 shows a

unitlike this with the elements positioned as a tube bundle in a

drum-shaped container. The capacity is 15 – 25 kg ozone/h, de-

pending on supply of air or oxygen.

7. UV and ozone

71

7

C
H
A
P
T
E
R

1
2

3

4

5

6

7

3

4

5

8

Fig. 68:UV irradiation in U-pipe

Pos.Description

Pos.Description

1

Plug

5

Quartz tube

2

Protective cap

6

Photoelectric cell

3

Turbulence device

7

Irradiation chamber

4

UV lamp

8

External wall

HV

4

1

2

3

5

7

6

Fig. 69:Tubular ozoniser element

Pos.Description

1

Gap between the two electrodes

2

Central pipe electrode

3

Electrode

4

Dielectric medium between the
two electrodes

5

Gap between the two electrodes

6

Removal of ozone-containing
air and oxygen

7

Cooling water

Description of the “U-tube”reactor ozone system:The

“U-tube”reactor is constructed from two concentric pipes, see Fig.

71. The raw water enters the system at(6) via a pipe and has an

ozone/air mixture added via the nozzles (3). During the

descentthrough the pipe (1) the gas bubbles will become less

and less due to the increasing static pressure in the water.

By these means a gas/water emulsion with good contactarea be-

tween water and ozone is achieved. After leaving the inner pipe

(4) water and gas rise in the outer pipe (2), where the bubbles

become larger and larger before finally being released atthe

surface (5). The ozone-treated water flows from the system via a

pipe (7). For the system to run atoptimum the relations between

the downward rate in the inner pipe, the gas/water ratio and the

pressure drop through the entire system mustbe precisely

adapted. Itis therefore necessary to have a recirculation pump

positioned between outlet(7) and inlet(6) to keep a constant

flow. Withoutthis the system would notbe able to operate sat-

isfactorily with varying loads.

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