Training Course

March 2011

Analyzer LTE

Analyzer LTE Training

The content of this manual is provided for information only, is subject to change without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by Actix. Actix assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that appear in this documentation. Copyright © Actix 2011. All rights reserved. All trademarks are hereby acknowledged.

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Analyzer LTE Training

Contents
INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................... 5
SCOPE OF THE COURSE ............................................................................................. 5 WHO SHOULD ATTEND THIS TRAINING COURSE? ............................................................... 5 PREREQUISITES ..................................................................................................... 5 Hardware requirements ................................................................................... 6 AIM OF THE COURSE ................................................................................................ 7 HELP FILE ............................................................................................................ 7

ACTIX DESKTOP POST-PROCESSING SOFTWARE ................................................... 8
WHAT ARE SPOTLIGHT AND ANALYZER? ......................................................................... 8 Key features .................................................................................................. 8

SPOTLIGHT ............................................................................................. 10
SOLVING COMMON NETWORK PROBLEMS WITH SPOTLIGHT.................................................. 10 Spotlight features ......................................................................................... 11 What‘s in Spotlight? ...................................................................................... 11 Navigating around Spotlight ........................................................................... 13 What can you do with Spotlight? .................................................................... 14 GETTING STARTED................................................................................................ 15 EXPLORING WORKSPACE ......................................................................................... 16 Summary Dashboard .................................................................................... 16 LTE Report ................................................................................................... 18 Issues Panel................................................................................................. 20 CELL COVERAGE ANALYSIS ...................................................................................... 21 LTE FAILURE: DROPPED CONNECTION ANALYSIS ............................................................ 23 DATA SERVICE ANALYSIS ........................................................................................ 30 THROUGHPUT ANALYSES ......................................................................................... 32 Example 1: High Throughput Analysis ............................................................. 33 Example 2: Low Throughput Analysis .............................................................. 35

ANALYZER .............................................................................................. 39
WHAT CAN YOU DO WITH ANALYZER? .......................................................................... 39 GETTING STARTED................................................................................................ 40 EXPLORING WORKSPACE ......................................................................................... 41 VIEWING DATA .................................................................................................... 44 Displaying on chart ....................................................................................... 44 Displaying on Map ........................................................................................ 47 Displaying in a Table ..................................................................................... 48 PERFORMING LTE ANALYSES .................................................................................... 50 StateForm ................................................................................................... 50 Protocol Stack Browser .................................................................................. 55 PERFORMING CUSTOMIZED LTE ANALYSES ................................................................... 56 About Queries .............................................................................................. 56 Binned Query ............................................................................................... 57 Histogram.................................................................................................... 58 Crosstab Query ............................................................................................ 59 REPORTING NETWORK PERFORMANCE ......................................................................... 62 Creating Custom Single File Report ................................................................. 62 Creating Custom Multiple Files Report ............................................................. 65

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....................................................................... 77 Saving Screen Layouts ............................................................................................... 69 Repository .................................................................... 77 4 ....................................................Analyzer LTE Training Superstream ........ 71 SAVING YOUR WORK .............................................................................

Experienced technicians involved in field optimization. Who should attend this training course?     RF Engineers responsible for enhancing cellular performance and implementing wireless system optimization. Access to Actix software and a familiarity with the Actix software platform. Advanced users will be introduced to new network applications. and are familiar with the challenges faced by engineers working in cellular/PCS environments. Prerequisites     Familiarity with network infrastructure and operation of the air interface. A general understanding of drive test and call trace collection and post-processing methodology and advantages/limitations with each dataset. Anyone looking to maximize the return on investment in Actix software. including familiarity with Windows and MS Office applications. Engineers looking to further understand the application of log file data in optimizing networks. Upon completing the course. Class size is limited to ensure that everyone receives extensive one on one instruction. Participants have many opportunities to ask questions relevant to their particular optimization needs. The instructors for this course are experts in using Actix solutions to increase productivity. 5 . The goal of the course is to give an understanding of the capabilities of the system and how it can help users to improve quality of service for their network subscribers.Analyzer LTE Training Introduction Scope of the course The Analyzer LTE Training Course provides a comprehensive overview of Spotlight and Analyzer for LTE. Basic computer literacy. The Analyzer LTE Training Course begins with a high-level presentation of the Actix platform interface and its capabilities. participants will be able to use what they learned in class to identify and solve real network problems. We will then cover how existing optimization processes can be tailored to the specific needs of the participants.

Microsoft Office XP or above (required by Actix Software) Table 1 Hardware requirements Operating System 6 .1 & 3. Actix software runs on 64-bit Windows as a 32-bit application. Windows Small Business Server 2003 with SP1 or later.Analyzer LTE Training Hardware requirements A computer that should meet these minimal hardware requirements: Item Processor Framework Requirement 1+ GHz SQL Server 2005 Express Edition SP2 and . Windows 7 and Windows 2008 Server with Service Pack 3 or later.NET 1. Windows Server 2003 Standard. or Datacenter editions with Service Pack 1 or later. Enterprise. Windows Server 2003 Web Edition SP1.5 are installed automatically in the standard Actix installation.0 SP1 or later. Windows Vista with SP1 or later. Memory Hard Disk Other Requirements 1+ GB 2 GB Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.

Appreciate the role thresholds perform in Spotlight and Analyzer. which can be accessed by clicking on the Help menu in the main menu. This training manual mainly contains LTE-related information and features in Spotlight and Analyzer. Create and save your own template for your project.Drilldown. Save the project file. Spotlight related From the Repository Analysis .Analyzer LTE Training Aim of the course After this course. Perform Low Throughput analysis for LTE. For basic features of Spotlight and Analyzer. You can look up information about a particular topic either by choosing an item from the index or by entering keywords to perform a search. you should be able to:        Appreciate common network problems and how they are classified in Spotlight and Analyzer. Specific information such as attributes (engineering parameters) can be found in Attribute Reference. or information regarding how to troubleshoot network in other technologies. Appreciate different analyses methods (Event Based and Radio Network Analyses) in Spotlight. repositories and screen layout) in Analyzer Use Spotlight and Analyzer to analyze problems in data sets of differing sizes. Configure Spotlight and Analyzer to work with your data and methodologies. 7 . Start Spotlight and reload the project file. You can look up an item in the alphabetized list. or you can open the Context Help window. queries and reports. you should be able to:        Help File Add extra data during the analysis. Appreciate manual analyses (create and customize your own methods. Drilldown problem by File or Time to message level with or without loading the whole file. and how to modify them. please refer to HELP in Spotlight or Analyzer. and then click on an item in the Workspace. Appreciate pre-defined Spotlight and Analyzer Reports. Perform different analyses based on handset and scanner data.

which might indicate the presence of one or more problems. By combining both Spotlight and Analyzer. Flexible voice and data service KPIs: Spotlight and Analyzer support powerful top down KPIs allowing operators to evaluate the quality of different voice and data services as perceived by end users. and interference or pollution problems. You begin by browsing the summary dashboard. Detailed network measurements: Spotlight and Analyzer support measurement of the latest HSPA+ and LTE features including: CQI. This can be done by customizing forms. missing neighbor. allowing detailed message-level analysis of drive survey results. queries. Data session analysis: Spotlight and Analyzer provide detailed data session analysis to identify if poor data service performance is due to poor radio quality or congestion on the core or radio network. Key features The following key features are available for LTE in Spotlight and Analyzer:         Support multi-vendor. IP packet inspection: Analyzer provides full IP layer decodes and session analysis to provide full inspection into the IP traffic layer. Analyzer provides the flexibility and tools to help you to perform manual analyses at any time. Cell coverage can be investigated within a defined boundary. multi-technology drive test format: Spotlight and Analyzer support the latest HSPA+ and LTE decodes from all of the major vendors. you can follow your own investigation in a logical flow throughout the various analysis pages and reports. you will be able to investigate and troubleshoot your network problem thoroughly for the most detailed information. It supports 2G. while connection drop. 3G and even LTE rollouts with flexible and powerful drive survey analytics. Performance Reports: Analyzer allows you to create and customize reports for you to quickly create RF analysis and acceptance reports. frame usage and modulation usage. task failure and low throughput analyses can be performed using Event Explorer. measurements and links to these critical or important issues. Full RF analysis: Spotlight and Analyzer provide automated drop call diagnosis and integrated radio network analysis to diagnose cell coverage. Layer 3 analysis: Analyzer provides embedded Layer 3 analysis. In Spotlight. 8 . the map and the appropriate report(s) for the loaded data. supporting network optimization and network troubleshooting. RSRP and RSRQ thresholds in Radio Network Explorer. reports and repositories.Analyzer LTE Training Actix Desktop Post-Processing Software What are Spotlight and Analyzer? Analyzer is an Actix desktop software solution for expert drive test post-processing. The issues panel provides diagnostics. Analyzer includes the Spotlight module for automated post-processing analyses.

tables or reports to facilitate easy analysis Viewing Data by selecting the related category and issues. settings. binned. LTE thresholds and loading logfiles Setting preferences. reports and issues panel Exploring workspace by examining the loaded data Viewing Data by displaying in maps. charts.Analyzer LTE Training What can you do with Spotlight and Analyzer Selecting Spotlight or Analyzer Getting started by configuring cell site information Spotlight Analyzer Creating projects using LTE templates. histogram. The detailed diagnostics and information will be displayed in customized maps and StateForms to facilitate easy analysis Performing LTE analyses by drilling down to the selected issue to find out the cause Performing customized LTE analyses using queries such as filter. aggregating data and loading logfiles Exploring workspace by viewing summary dashboard. crosstab and event queries Yes Performing LTE analyses based on preconfigured applications No Do you want to perform customized LTE analyses? Yes Performing customized LTE analyses by opening pre-defined analyses and/or customizing new forms and to further investigate the issue in Spotlight If more detailed analyses required Create a custom report Reporting Network Performance by preconfigured or customized report(s) and repositories Saving your work or preferred layout using screen layout feature Closing down Spotlight or Analyzer 9 .

Cell coverage. However. which might indicate the presence of one or more problems. 10 . examine the summary map and then the appropriate report for the loaded data. Spotlight breaks these problems down into two groups:   critical issues. a typical path through Spotlight is to start from the Summary Dashboard. where the quality of service has been reduced without necessarily ending any calls. important issues. These then point you at specific problem events which you can examine and diagnose using the Event Explorer (links to these failure events are shown as Critical Issues in the Issues panel). interference problems and LTE visualization can be investigated from the Radio Network Explorer analyses (links to these are shown as Important Issues in the Issues panel of the Summary Dashboard).Analyzer LTE Training Spotlight Solving common network problems with Spotlight With the Seek-See-Solve approach. Spotlight is designed to allow you to follow your own investigations throughout the various analysis pages and reports. where an event has occurred that discontinued a call.

Analyzer LTE Training Spotlight features The Spotlight features available for LTE are radio network analyses. professional-quality reports. Reporting   Integrated. 11 . and so on. queries. call setup failure. event-based troubleshooting and reporting. reports. KPIs. including embedded maps. handover failures and low throughput issues. Radio Network Analyses  Cell Coverage Analysis (based on scanner or handset data) Determines the coverage footprint of cells and identifies overshoot against coverage design boundaries Event-based troubleshooting  Automated root-cause diagnostics for the most common subscriber problems such as call drops.  New Template Configuration Wizard A step-by-step wizard guides the user to configure a new template with required devices. location update failures. What’s in Spotlight? New Project and Template Creation A step-by-step wizard guides the user to create a new project using an existing template or provides a link to the new template configuration wizard.

   Spotlight Report Identifies critical and important issues.  Summary Dashboard From the Repository Dashboard. Event Investigation/Analyses Provides a breakdown of the critical and important issues by filename and handset identifier.Analyzer LTE Training  Data Configuration A step-by-step wizard guides the user to configure thresholds and cellrefs. These tabular pages are reached through links on the Summary Dashboard. 12 . These tabular pages are reached through links on the Summary Dashboard. and provides links to summary statistics of the loaded data files. and also to select data to process into the repository. the user can choose a problem (critical or important issues) to further investigate using either Event-based or Radio Network analyses. Radio Network Investigation/Analyses Provides a breakdown of the important issues by filename and handset identifier.

allowing you to select another Spotlight project. Open the “Choose an Engineering Process” dialog. the navigation bar allows you to move around in Spotlight.Analyzer LTE Training Navigating around Spotlight On top of the page. Return to Event Explorer page or restore page if you are currently in this page. Filter out files and stream from all analyses. above Summary Dashboard. Return to Summary Dashboard page. project repository. 13 . It also provides some useful functions from any stage of your analysis. Load additional files Display help for to the current the current page. Return the current page to its default appearance.

The detailed diagnostics and information will be displayed in customized maps and StateForms to facilitate easy analysis Performing LTE analyses by drilling down to the selected issue to find out the cause No Do you want to perform customized LTE analyses? Yes Yes Performing customized LTE analyses by opening pre-defined analyses and/or customizing new forms and to further investigate the issue in Spotlight or Analyzer Performing manual analyses in Analyzer Closing down Spotlight 14 . LTE thresholds and loading logfiles Exploring workspace by viewing summary dashboard.Analyzer LTE Training What can you do with Spotlight? The flow chart below illustrates briefly how Spotlight can help you in your day-to-day work. reports and issues panel Viewing Data by selecting the related category and issues. settings. Starting up Spotlight Getting started by configuring cell site information Creating projects using LTE templates.

queries. file location. Create a new project by click on the New Project button. display. There are two important measurements in LTE coverage: RSRP and RSRQ. a cellrefs that contains network information and a set of data you want to investigate. Refer to HELP on how to create a new template. time. select a suitable LTE template and click on the Next button proceed to Project Step 2. reports. 4 In the page New Project Step 2. Let‘s begin by performing the following steps: 1 2 3 Start up Spotlight.Analyzer LTE Training Getting Started Before you begin. The corresponding thresholds are:   For Handsets: LTE_UE_PoorRSRP_Threshold & LTE_UE_PoorRSRQ_Threshold For Scanners: LTE_Scan_PoorRSRP_Threshold & LTE_Scan_PoorRSRQ_Threshold These thresholds are settings for format specific advance configuration options. binning and filter. Spotlight is a map-centric product and you must have a valid cellrefs file corresponding to the drive test data. select your cellrefs. New your LTE = both UE and scanner If you prefer to create your own template with your own devices. In New Project Step 1: Key in your project name. neighbor list etc. network KPI. LTE_UE_PoorRSRQ_Threshold and LTE_Scan_PoorRSRQ_Threshold 15 . ensure that you have a valid Spotlight/Analyzer license.e. i. attributes. It is crucial that you follow the following steps to avoid inaccurate results or have to go through these steps again for reconfiguration later. or change the thresholds for event detection. You may want to change settings. click here.

Top Panel This panel contains a summary table of the loaded dataset information. Exploring Workspace Summary Dashboard After the data is loaded. diagnosis and display data in Spotlight. coverage. Top Panel Click on the “globe” to change your background map properties Issues Panel Map If the view is too small. Click on ―Done‖ button to begin saving settings and loading files. i. Issues Panel. click on ―Add Folder‖ button. If you prefer to load the entire folder. this page is divided into three parts: Top Panel. a separate tab per device will appear in the dashboard. i. If you have configured multiple devices during the template configuration phase. right-click on a stream and select Zoom to layer to have a closer look. As you can see below. You can view the LTE report (Data Service Analysis Report) or go to the Event Explorer (event-based analyses. A Summary Dashboard shows an overview of the data loaded in the current Repository project on a per device basis.e. dropped connection.e.Analyzer LTE Training Note It is important to set your thresholds before loading the data because it will affect the analysis. low throughput) page. 16 . and Map. 5 In step 3: click on ―Add Files‖ button to load your log files or data. an overview page or Summary Dashboard is displayed. failed connection) page or Radio Network (radio network analyses.

Map The map is an integral part of the interface representing the drive route with the default attribute plotted (RSRP or the application throughput). Select Zoom Out Zoom In Pan Layers Map Attributes Legend Region Filter SelectAnnotations Area Print Layout Swap Legend to other side of map Print Preview Batch Printing Direction Cell Sites Use enhanced drawing styles 17 .Analyzer LTE Training Issues Panel This panel lists all the critical (event based KPIs) and important issues (radio network analyses) that need further investigation. Click on any KPI that you might want to further investigate.

HTTP download information (statistics based on status and types of analyses) and application throughput. while the activity sheet contains radio KPIs for all technologies. which consists of FTP. It is divided into a Report sheet and different activities (FTP.Analyzer LTE Training LTE Report The Spotlight LTE report (Data Service Analysis Report) shows a quick overview of your network performance. The report sheet contains a technology independent overview of all the activities. Report sheet with technology independent overview 18 . HTTP) sheet(s).

Analyzer LTE Training FTP sheet with radio KPIs for LTE 19 .

you will get a list of tasks summary which contains the FTP. you have to select a category. We‘ll go through these categories again later in the Throughput Analysis chapter. the important issues section provides an overview and the link to the corresponding radio network analysis page. Category First. HTTP. Important Issues On the other hand. Critical Issues The critical issues section provides an overview and the link to the drive in terms of failure events.Analyzer LTE Training Issues Panel This panel lists all the critical and important issues occurring in the dataset and allows you to investigate an issue or troubleshoot a problem in more detail. For example if you select LTE as your category. For further investigation. click on the link to go to the Radio Network Dashboard. To investigate the KPIs and the cause of the dropped connection. 20 . all event-based critical issues and radio network‘s important issues will be displayed (as shown below). If you choose DSA Task Summary as your category. Web browsing Uplink and Downlink success rate and throughput measurements. click on the link to go to the Event Dashboard. indicating which type of analysis or information you want to be displayed on the issues panel.

and zoom in/out to help you to view your map. and a map. 2 In the Cell Coverage Analysis page. select LTE as your category and click on the Poor Coverage link (from scanner data). filter your information. distance and cell visualization. a side panel with statistics and charts regarding the quality. LTE thresholds set before loading data. Change the map unit. You can even perform a specific analysis. again. Let‘s begin to explore our workspace by performing the following steps: 1 In Summary Dashboard‘s Issues panel on the left. it is divided into three parts: top panel with the table with related information and measurements. 21 . visualize the best serving cell. or choose a specific attribute or event to be plotted in the map. or click on an individual row to view a particular sector’s coverage. In the following example we will use the scanner data to perform this analysis. You can click on the column header to sort your information. map background properties (road or aerial). and see if any cells are overshooting their coverage boundary and the neighbor cells. we can see the overall quality of the entire area’s coverage.Analyzer LTE Training Cell Coverage Analysis This analysis allows you to determine the coverage footprint for the cells in your networks. At a glance. This will bring you to Radio Network Explorer page. You can also click on the Radio Explorer icon to open the Cell Coverage Analysis page.

4 Select an interesting sector to view in detail. You can also change the cell-site properties PCI‘s color. The map and left panel will be updated accordingly. Click OK to apply filter. create a filter by clicking on the Filters(#) link.Analyzer LTE Training 3 It is wise to filter out the unimportant information. Click on the “multi-cell” icon to display the RSRP’s KPI on map to plot on the map according to the serving > Beam = Percentage of points outside the cell beamwidth >180 Beam = Percentage of points outside an imaginary beamwidth of 180 degrees Sample statistics and charts from side panel: 22 . The red circle represents your pre-defined boundary in Thresholds settings and any data points outside this circle represent overspill. Sort the column again after you‘ve applied the filter. To do so. Set your criteria and click on Add Filter. numbers of samples < 50 or distance > 15km.e. i.

23 . You can also click on the Event Explorer icon to open the Event Explorer Analysis page. LTE Connection Setup Fail. This will bring you to the Event Explorer page. select LTE as your category and click on the Dropped Connection Rate link that you want to troubleshoot. DSA Failure Task Fail and DSA All Services and Tasks (including Ping). Let‘s begin to explore our workspace by performing the following steps: 1 In Summary Dashboard‘s Issues panel (left panel). This analysis allows you to study an LTE call connection failure and further investigate the cause of this critical failure. Additional Features To create a filter Where seen coverage footprint where the cell could be seen during the drive(s). LTE Failure: Dropped Connection Analysis The types of failed events (Connection or Handover failures) and task failures that you can investigate are LTE Dropped Connection.Analyzer LTE Training 5 Make use of the additional features to help you visualize the coverage footprint of your network. Best seen coverage footprint where the cell was the best server during the drive(s). LTE Slow Handover.

The CQI value was low and > 86% of these CQI values were lower than 10.Analyzer LTE Training 2 In the Event Explorer page. 3 Let‘s say we want to confirm if the dropped connection is caused by interference First of all. a side panel with a list of diagnostics (in a table and also detailed information) of what causes the fail. To investigate this. the quality was bad (-20 dB) but the signal strength was reasonably OK (-89 dBm). or click on an individual row to view a particular failed event. You can click on the column header to sort your information. when the connection dropped. and a map to help you to visualize where the problem occurred. You can even perform a specific analysis. We might now replay the file around the time of the problem to see how RSRQ ended up being so low when the connection dropped. the top panel contains of site information with numbers of failures (depending on the problem). or choose a specific attribute or event to be plotted in the map. According to the diagnostics and measurements. 24 . select the row in the diagnostic table and click Begin Drilldown to perform connection dropped analysis. filter your information. scroll down (side panel) to read more about the detail event diagnostics.

Event_Task_Start and Event_Task_End. Delete Event_Task_Fail. Spotlight displayed the appropriate forms. Click on to toggle back to View mode.Analyzer LTE Training 4 This will bring us to the Drilldown page. Click OK to save. Let‘s take a closer look at each of the forms and the map. This will help you to understand what has happened between 5 seconds before and 30 seconds after the connection was dropped. Protocol Stack Browser (PSB) and map plotted with the related attributes. Scroll down and select the attribute you want to delete one at the time. As you can see. 25 .

which prompts us to look further into the issue in Protocol Stack Browser. click on the (edit columns) icon. Just before the drop. 7 Now let‘s take a look at the Protocol State Browser. The NACK Rate appeared to be 100% and the modulation MCS dropped from 8 to 1. The sharp degradation in the radio conditions caused the radio link to drop and the RRC connection to drop a little later. to 6 The Time Chart is looking cleaner now. Move your mouse over the chart to view individual measurements. add and remove columns. There is a lot of ―Ping‖ information displayed on the chart and it is almost too cluttered to view. To get a cleaner view. At the same time. Connection dropped here 26 . In this example. the neighbor cell‘s has much better signal strength. To edit. We also see that the radio conditions improve just after the drop. the throughput and CQI value fell from average to 0. the Resource Block (RB) allocation increased from 4RBs (8% of the system bandwidth) to 22RBs (highest at 44% of the system bandwidth). notice that about 1 to 2 seconds before the drop. If we scroll up to view what happened before the connection was dropped. edit the chart by clicking on toggle to Design mode. it makes sense to add the serving PCI’s RSRP and best neighbor’s RSRP columns to compare their signal strength. There should have been a handover but unfortunately no handover occurred.Analyzer LTE Training 5 Examine ―Task Chart‖. Requests for changing serving cell have also appeared a few times.

Click on a beam to see the current serving PCI (solid line) and which one is the neighbor cell (dash line).Analyzer LTE Training 8 Continue to look at the map. 27 . Add the attribute from the Available Attributes column and click OK to show it on the map. You can plot an extra attribute on the map by clicking on the Attributes icon. From the Edit Attributes dialog. Move your mouse over to any measurement or dropped connection on the map to view more detailed information.

Again. If necessary. Click on a point in the map to synchronize with the StateForm‘s display. save it and toggle back to View mode. Edit the form. i. 10 It is useful to synchronize your view. to show the same map and StateForm information at the same time. You can even step through the whole drive route by clicking on the play button. You must select the correct stream to synchronize! 28 . right-click on the form and toggle Design Mode. click on the Layers icon to reorder them.Analyzer LTE Training If for some reason the layers are overlapped or you want to rearrange them. change the RI attribute to Throughput. All measurements and related information will be displayed on the StateForm. Click here to select your attribute from the attribute nodes. 9 Click on a point in the map and now take a look at the StateForm next to the map.e. For example. if you want to modify the form. change the speed of playback using the slider.

where you‘ll be performing more customize analyses and creating reports. To create filter Additional Features Note We‘ll be troubleshooting the same dropped connection using Analyzer. 29 .Analyzer LTE Training 11 Make use of the additional features to help to you to visualize and further investigate your dropped connection.

Service Drop Rate A Service Drop is detected when the UE loses the end-to-end connection to the core network (for instance. Task Failure Rate Task is used to refer to any data upload or download. if the UE failed to download a file in case of a FTP DL test). A Service Setup Failure is detected when the UE attempts—but fails—to get an IP address (for instance. A failure is detected when the Task did not complete (for instance. browsing a web page or a ‗ping‘ test. consider a data download task. For example. The followings issues and tasks you can investigate in a DSA Failure page (default) are:  Service Setup Failure rate Service is used to refer to the end-to-end connection between the UE and the core network. for example. where the UE spends 70% of the time in HSPA and 30% in LTE. Percentage of FTP/HTTP upload/download task below the absolute throughput threshold value An absolute throughput threshold is the threshold for a UE would only spend 100% for a task using one technology. The composite throughput is: (70% x ApplicationLowTput_HSDPA_DL_Threshold) + (30% x ApplicationLowTput_LTE_DL_Threshold)     30 . if a PDP Context Activation procedure fails).Analyzer LTE Training Data Service Analysis This analysis allows you to analyze and investigate the throughput during data transfer by using the Data Service Analysis (DSA) page. after a Routing Area Update procedure failure). A composite threshold is calculated based on the UE usage in % of a combination of different technologies used for a task. Percentage of FTP/HTTP upload/download task below the composite throughput threshold value. an FTP ‗put‘ or ‗get‘.

We will perform some Throughput Analyses by viewing the DSA All Services and Tasks category in the next chapter. 31 .Analyzer LTE Training From the Select Category drop down list in Summary Dashboard you can select these three DSA categories: DSA Failure DSA All Services and Tasks DSA Summary Click on Display All # Tasks to view all related information in the Event Explorer page.

Analyzer LTE Training Throughput Analyses This analysis allows you to analyze and investigate the throughput by using the DSA Services and Tasks page. In the side panel in Event Explorer page. Click on any of the headers to sort your information accordingly. In the following examples. you could also sort by Throughput (Tput DL). 32 . the task was on-going the file ended C = User Cancelled neither into when ―Interrupted‖ and ―User Cancelled‖ tasks are failed nor successful. click on the Drill Down checkbox and follow by clicking the Begin Drilldown button to begin your analysis. we‘ll be viewing the FTP DL link. as well as the technologies that the UE experienced during the task. For example. Once you are ready to proceed. The four typical statuses are:     OK = Successful or completed D = Dropped I = Interrupted. you should sort by Status. To only view successful or completed tasks. Click the Display All # Task link to view the related information in Event Explorer page. If you continue to scroll down. you can find a list of FTP tasks with throughput measurement and status. below the Drilldown-Throughput-Status table. The information displayed depends on the task type (upload or download). and therefore are not taken account in the KPIs. to identify worst/best performing tasks. you can see some useful data service statistics. We‘ll continue to analyze high and low throughput in the following sections.

A throughput > 10 Mbit/s is considered a high throughput.Analyzer LTE Training Example 1: High Throughput Analysis In LTE. the CQI value was average and Modulation was not very high. but the duration of the data transfer is only 4. Sort by Throughput(Tput DL). 33 . the application throughput and CQI value were high. After the handover. the radio quality was gradually improved and when the transmission began. Select the row(s) you want to further investigate and click on the Begin drilldown button to go to the Drilldown page. In the beginning of the task (before the FTP download). MIMO usage was up to 100% and Frame Usage was at 100%. In the Drilldown page: The duration of task reported by the logging tool is about 30 seconds (which is the time difference between “Task Start” and “Task End” events in the StateForm). See the next page for more detailed information.19 seconds during the UE was in LTE “connected” mode (see StateForm). Let‘s take a closer look at one of the high throughput tasks.

0) throughout the FTP download. 34 . we notice the followings:        High throughput (18 Mbps for application throughput and 26 Mbits/s for Layer 1 DL throughput). Good radio quality and signal strength during FTP download. examine the PSB. Average CQI (14. Very low NACK Rate (lower than 6% during data transmission). Very good modulation (64 QAM and most of the time MIMO usage at 100%) during FTP download. High throughput In this LTE example. If you need to further investigate the throughput.Analyzer LTE Training Move your mouse over any point of the transmission to view detailed information. High Frame Usage (almost 100% during transmission). map and StateForm next to the task chart. Good system bandwidth allocation at >90% (23 Resource Blocks out of a maximum of 25 on this network).

with an average of 9. Tput DL = -1 means unknown or no measurement Select the row(s) you want to further investigate and click on the Begin drilldown button to go to the Drilldown page. the Key Issues section explains the reason of the low throughput is due to a reselection to HSDPA from LTE during the transmission. First sort table by Status. The redirected reselection from LTE to UMTS caused the UE to be idle for almost 21 seconds. Let‘s take a closer look at one of the low throughput task. a throughput < 5 Mbit/s is considered low. In the Drilldown page: The average throughput achieved on LTE is low but OK (about 3 Mbit/s). Modulation and Coding Scheme values range from 0 to 20.Analyzer LTE Training Example 2: Low Throughput Analysis In LTE. preferably one with an OK status. follow by Tput DL. On the left side panel of the Drilldown page. 35 . The spread of values is explained by the Task Chart. where we can see that the radio conditions were good initially and worsen progressively until the UE is redirected to UMTS.

Good system bandwidth allocation (~90%) in both LTE (number of RBs) and HSDPA modes (number of codes). the FTP download was completed even the data is transmitted with low throughput. Much lower NACK Rate after the reselection. the UE stays idle for a while before reconfiguring to HSDPA. we notice the following:   High throughput in the beginning. In this LTE example. 36 . examine the PSB. The task completes normally in HSDPA. at which point the UE is redirected to UMTS. To restore the layout. dock or even move them around for better visualization. Fairly low Frame Usage in HSDPA mode. map and StateForm next to the task chart. Resize. good CQI. If you need to further investigate the throughput. It started with a slightly above average throughput.Analyzer LTE Training Let‘s take a look at the Task Chart: Low throughput The FTP download started in LTE.e. high MIMO usage and good Frame Usage. which could indicate that the throughput is not limited by the air interface. click on ―Drilldown‖ link on the top left of the screen. but degraded very quickly till 0. it continued to transmit in a lower throughput in HSDPA. Following the redirected reselection from LTE to UMTS. the Frame Usage goes up when CQI goes down) whilst the throughput remains flat. Once the reselection was completed.   As a result. and inverse relationship between CQI and Frame Usage in HSDPA (i.

so did the throughput value. See example 2 for correlations between the CQI. Resource Block allocation and Frame Usage. Most of the time. Since more data is being transmitted using MIMO. but in certain circumstances. Example 1 When the radio quality degraded. When there is almost no MIMO transmission. less frame usage is required (lower frame usage %). the application throughput‘s value is correlated to the CQI value.Analyzer LTE Training Other Low Throughput Analyses Examples: The following screenshots explain different low throughput analysis scenarios and situations. the CQI values and MIMO usage. Now take a closer look at the correlation between the MIMO usage and the Frame Usage. the Frame Usage % increases to almost 100% because the network has to transmit more frames to compensate the rate. this might not be true. 37 .

we can conclude that radio link quality is not the limiting factor here. the # of RB decreases and so does the Frame Usage. That explains the erratic application throughput. As the CQI value increases. the radio link quality is good (good RSRQ and RSRP value). Now take a closer look at the correlation between the CQI. As for the radio condition. the air interface is good (and so can deliver more throughput) but the network has nothing to transmit at this particular time. In other words. In this case. Resource Block allocation and Frame Usage %.Analyzer LTE Training Example 2 The following Task Chart shows a more erratic application throughput (between 0 and 10 Mbit/s) but CQI‘s value is about average (less dramatic than the throughput‘s value). 38 .

tables or reports to facilitate easy analysis Performing customized LTE analyses using queries such as filter. histogram. crosstab and event queries Performing LTE analyses based on preconfigured applications Reporting Network Performance by preconfigured or customized report(s) and repositories Saving your work or preferred layout using screen layout feature Closing down Analyzer 39 . aggregating data and loading logfiles Exploring workspace by examining the loaded data Viewing Data by displaying in maps. binned. charts.Analyzer LTE Training Analyzer What can you do with Analyzer? A flowchart depicting/describing the best practice when troubleshooting a network problem using Analyzer: Starting up Analyzer Getting started by configuring cell site information Setting preferences.

Locate CellRefs  File Location in Change Preferences dialog box and change Cellrefs filename. right-click on the map.txt file.Site_Name. a cellref that contains your network information.Beamwidth – PCI or LTE_Site. The cell sites are now visible. To make sure you‘ve loaded the correct cellrefs. Normally it is a . If an empty map is displayed. It is crucial that you follow the following steps to avoid inaccurate results or have to go through these steps again for reconfiguration later. Map Units  Distance  Kilometer (or other unit) Close the map after this. select Zoom  Go to Layer  LTE_Cell. Select Tools  Preferences  from Main Menu. Let‘s begin by performing the following steps: 1 2 Start up Analyzer. your 3 Map Change map unit by right-clicking on map. 40 . and a set of data you want to investigate. click on View Display New from the main menu to display a new map. ensure that you have a valid Analyzer license.Analyzer LTE Training Getting Started Before you begin.

41 . Click on the same icon to undock it. Here you can view and search your attributes in your data file.Analyzer LTE Training Exploring Workspace After the data is loaded. issues and problem encountered with diagnostics and a map. you perform manual analysis and therefore no pre-defined screen layout is displayed. Here is where you can load your data file. Within Analyzer. create a repository and perform dataset operations for a quick overview of your network. you get a summary of your data. a blank workspace is displayed with the Attribute Explorer docked on the left panel. If you recall. You can also create and save a group of attributes you often use in “Favorites”. This will allow you to move the Attribute Explorer panel around. Attribute Explorer indicates that the Attribute Explorer is currently docked on this panel. in Spotlight.

You can also load files by selecting File  Open Logfile from Main Menu or press Ctrl-O. chart. the same way you view the data in Spotlight. In the following chapters you‘ll be performing manual/customize analyses. to see all the available attributes 2 You can select and display the attribute(s) on map. workbook etc to view your data.Analyzer LTE Training Let‘s continue to explore the workspace: 1 Right-click on Loaded Data Files to load your log files. table. creating reports and repositories. Expand the ―Loaded Data Files‖ node by clicking on in your data file(s). Note We‘ll be troubleshooting the same dropped connection (previously diagnosed in Spotlight). 42 .

Creating Favorites Group It is a good idea to place your most frequently accessed attributes in a ―Favorites‖ group. This will save you a lot of time searching for the attributes under the nodes. selecting Tools  whole or attribute nodes. You can perform the search by from the main menu: Find Attribute or Ctrl-shift-F.Analyzer LTE Training Searching for Attributes Sometimes it can be quite tedious to locate the attribute (or parameters) that you need for your Use the Find Attribute feature to search the parameter trees. Click on Find Next to find the one by one or Find All to find them all under the Right-click on the attribute and select Add To Favorites to add it into your Favorite Group exact analysis. Type in the attribute you want to search for (a partial word). This group can be viewed by clicking on the Favorites tab in the Workspace. 43 . The search panel will open as part of the Workspace Explorer window.

44 . Here you can see the distribution of the radio quality throughout the drive along Data is aggregated and averaged based on time (every one second). To change the settings. select and display the RSRQ attribute in a chart.Analyzer LTE Training Viewing Data You can view your data the same way as you do in Spotlight. with the timeline. In Analyzer you have to decide which attribute(s) to be displayed and how you want to view your data in a way that helps you to troubleshoot or investigate an issue. This will affect the view on maps. we would like to perform manual analysis with detailed information but not the aggregated data. go to Tools  Preferences and change the binning mode to Message. Right-click on the attribute and display on chart. tables and charts. The attribute is located at LTE  Downlink Measurements  LTE_UE_RSRQ. but will not affect the results of crosstab and event queries. In this training. Displaying on chart To take a quick look at the radio condition of the drive data. More configuration information can be found in HELP.

45 . It seems likely that the RSRQ measurement was very low right before the drop. These different binning modes are based on time. location. Drag and drop the LTE  Event Data  RRC  LTE_RRC_RRCConnectionDrop attribute to the same chart to see when the connection was dropped. Take a look at the chart again. Data is now displayed more densly on the chart. The line represents a connection drop. distance and message. you should change the binning mode to Message and make sure Message = ―1‖ so that you can view every message in your data. In order to perform a detailed manual analysis.Analyzer LTE Training Data Aggregation There are four methods to aggregate data in Analyzer.

46 . It looks like the channel interference plus noise ratio value degraded tremendously right before the drop as well. display the LTE  Downlink Measurements  LTE_UE_CINR and the LTE  Event Data  RRC  LTE_RRC_RRCConnectionDrop on a new chart.Analyzer LTE Training Next.

Click on Cell/Sites icon to color the sector based on PCI. we may also want to replay the file around the time of the problem in order to see the serving sectors and how RSRQ ended up being so low when the connection dropped. This will help you to identify the serving sectors based on their own color. Anyhow. Click on the Direction icon to display the direction of the drive route. open a StateForm (or any preconfigured analyses).Analyzer LTE Training Displaying on Map Display the same attributes (LTE_UE_RSRQ and LTE_RRC_RRCConnectionDrop) on the map to visualize the area. Arrange the chart next to the map. 47 . or a Protocol Stack Browser in Analyzer to help you to obtain more information. At this point. radio condition and location of the dropped connection. the information is still very limited if we only view on the map and chart. Display more attributes on table. Zoom in to take a closer look at the 1st drop. Click at any point in the map to synchronize the measurement with the chart.

It seems like there are lots of empty rows in the table and you have to keep scrolling down to find the next measurement. you can also display these attributes on Workbook (Excel).Analyzer LTE Training Displaying in a Table Display the following attributes in a table:     LTE_UE_PCI LTE_UE_RSRP LTE_UE_RSRQ LTE_RRC_RRCConnectionDrop To go to the next dropped connection. This problem can be resolved by selecting the Hide empty rows checkbox to hide these empty rows. 48 .. The radio condition degraded tremendously right before the connection dropped. You can now see the actual measurement of each attribute on table. chart and table in your workspace so that you can see them Clicking at any point in the table to synchronize table with the map and chart. press Ctrl. If you wish. Maybe there is no coverage or no other cell to handover to. Rearrange the map.

Attribute Spy Attribute Spy is a smart feature that allows you to display the attributes set at a message. 49 . Right-click on the attribute and select Filter Stream where “IsValid(LTE_UE_CINR)” to eliminate all the empty rows. For example in our previous filter example. To find out information of an attribute at a particular selected point. we can create a filter to remove the empty rows by eliminating messages with attributes not set to a value. This can be done by creating a filter query. the bottom right of your screen will be updated. Note that after you‘ve applied the filter.Analyzer LTE Training Problem – can’t display too many rows in a workbook You might encounter this problem when you try to display an attribute in a Workbook. This time no warning message pops up. you can select the View  Display Attribute Spy from the Main Menu. and even any other associated attributes. To solve this problem. or more conveniently by using Attribute Spy. I was trying to display LTE_UE_CINR in a Workbook. as well as to perform some basic operations on them. A lot of the time you might not know what other attributes are associate to the attribute you have just displayed on a map. The same attribute will be selected in the Attribute column in the window. LTE_UE_CINR. The AxaAOAttributeSpy Class window will be opened. click on any point that contains the LTE_UE_CINR attribute. In your CINR chart or table. Display the attribute in a workbook again. For example.

available to help you to investigate an issue. and even create our own form and queries to analyze the dropped connection. Let‘s continue to troubleshoot the dropped connection by performing some LTE pre-configured analyses. If the StateForm contains some ―Ping‖ information (too crowded to look at). StateForm StateForm allows you to view multiple performance metrics simultaneously.Analyzer LTE Training Performing LTE Analyses There are many pre-configured analyses. See Step 4 in Spotlight’s LTE Failure: Dropped Connection Analysis if you cannot remember how to remove the event tasks. To do so: 1 2 Select View  Forms  Data Testing  DataServiceAnalysis_LTE Radio Charts StateForm. We‘ll open up this form and PSB again in Analyzer. Used in conjunction with the replay tool. ―Start‖ and ―End‖. PSB displayed in the workspace. tables. select:   View  Forms  Data Testing (for UE). Message Browser. or View  Forms  LTE Scanner (for Scanner) Let‘s open the LTE Radio Charts (same as the ―Task chart‖ in Spotlight) and take a closer look. StateForms. maps. we have seen the Task Chart (StateForm). To open a pre-configured LTE StateForm. 50 . Protocol State Browser (PSB). and charts. In Spotlight section. you can quickly ascertain the values of several radio parameters for problem identification. toggle to Design mode and remove the event tasks such as ―Fail‖.

We will create a new file or StateForm (LTE Training Network Parameter StateForm) for this example. you can also design a StateForm from scratch. You can do this by creating a new StateForm file or by adding a new sheet to a current file. we should probably look at the neighbor‘s radio condition by displaying the best neighbor‘s RSRQ. 4 To further investigate this. Exercise: Create New StateForm In order to suit your daily work. We‘ll take a look at this later in other chapters. table and map in the Workspace so that you can see them all side-by-side.Analyzer LTE Training 3 Arrange your StateForm. RSRP and PCI on a table. try customizing your own StateForm (See example below). We should also check out the RRC and Layer 3 messages for the handset by opening the LTE Handset PSB. The finished form will look like this: 51 . chart. At this point of time. If this is not enough. we still cannot conclude what really caused the connection drop. Click on a point in the map or chart to synchronize your view and information.

right-click inside the StateForms Editor and select Design Mode. Repeat the same for LTE_UE_RSRP. Select the label object and make these modifications in the Attribute Window: 4 5 6 Repeat steps 2 and 3 for LTE_UE_RSRQ and LTE_UE_RSRP. 1 To start a new StateForms file. To display the value for LTE_UE_PCI label. The StateForms sheet can now be edited and objects can be added.Analyzer LTE Training If you do not have the StateForms window open. Select LTE_UE_RSRQ Attribute Bar and make the following modifications in the Attribute Window:          Specify Min+Max: True Bar Range Min: -25 Bar Range Max: 10 Bar Color: Attribute: LTE  Downlink Measurements  LTE_UE_RSRQ Show Value Text: False Show Min Text: True Show Max Text: True Show Minor Ticks: True 9 52 . click the Attribute Value button then click and drag a rectangle to the right of the LTE_UE_PCI label. Select the LTE_UE_PCI Attribute Value object and make the following modifications:        Specify Min+Max: True Bar Range Min: 0 Bar Range Max: 0 Attribute: LTE  Downlink Measurements  LTE_UE_PCI Show Value Text: True Autosize Font: False Font Size: 9 7 8 Repeat steps 2 and 3 for LTE_UE_RSRQ and LTE_UE_RSRP. Delete Copy Toggle Design Mode Label Array Attribute Scan Chart Cut Paste Select Attribute Value Time chart Group Box 2 3 Add the LTE_UE_PCI label by clicking the Click and drag the rectangle in your form. click on the Attribute Value button then click and drag a rectangle to the right of the LTE_UE_RSRQ attribute value object.    Caption: LTE_UE_PCI Autosize Font: False Font Size : 9 Label button. To create the Attribute Bar for LTE_UE_RSRQ. click Tools  StateForms Editor.

axl. RSRQ and RSRP appear on your StateForm. Click on any point on the map.Analyzer LTE Training       Show Major Ticks: True Minor Ticks Spacing: 5 Minor Ticks Spacing: 20 Autosize Font: False Font Size: 6 Border Line: True 10 Repeat the same settings for RSRP except the followings:     Bar Range Min: -130 Bar Range Max: 40 Bar Color: Attribute: LTE  Downlink Measurements  LTE_UE_RSRP 11 To add the Group Box object. and see the parameter values for PCI. To open your StateForm.Trainings. 15 Test your new form by displaying a parameter from your logfile‘s stream on a map. 14 Return to the View Mode by clicking on the Toggle Design Mode button. click on the Group Box button. select View  Forms  your StateForm’s name or right click on your data file’s stream name  Display Form  your StateForm’s name 53 . 12 Select the Group Box object and make the following modification in the Attribute Window:       Caption: Network Parameters Fore Color: Dark Blue Autosize Font: False Font Size: 14 Default Font: False Font Bold: True 13 Click the Save As button and save the StateForms file in the StateForms directory and call it LTE NetworkParameters . then click and drag a rectangle around all of the items in your form.

RSRQ and RSRP by displaying them side-by-side together with the serving cells‘ PCI. 54 . The neighbor‘s attributes can be found in LTE  LTE Neighbor Cell Info node. we can open a Protocol Stack Browser or a Message Browser. Let‘s take a look at the best neighbor‘s PCI. Drag and drop them into the same table. the best neighbor cell‘s has much better signal strength. Have a look at the difference between the serving cell and the best neighbor cell. PCI 122 appeared to be the serving cell and the radio conditions were good. Maybe it is time to take a look at the RRC and Layer 3 messages to further investigate the cause of the connection drop. and find out for instance whether the UE has requested a handover in RRC Measurement Report messages before the drop occurred. We also noticed that right after the drop.Analyzer LTE Training Dropped Connection Investigation So by now we have a pretty good idea about the radio condition and measurements of the serving cells based on the attributes we‘ve plotted on the chart. RSRQ and RSRP. table and StateForm. To do so. Before the connection was dropped. map. you can see that about a few seconds before the drop.

Once a message of interest is identified in the top pane of the Protocol Stack Browser. we have added LTE_RRC_RRCConnectionDrop. the details of the message can be examined in the bottom pane. map. To add and remove columns (attributes) in PSB. LTE_UE_RSRP and LTE_UE_Nbr_RSRP[0]. 55 . Rearrange and synchronize the table. but the eNode B did not perform the handover. chart.Analyzer LTE Training Protocol Stack Browser The Protocol Stack Browser (PSB) allows you to browse quickly through protocol messages by examining the protocol message name only. To remove existing attribute columns. stateform and PSB to view them side-by-side. Select the attribute you want to add from the Available attributes column and click on the Add button. Select View  Protocol Stack  LTE Handset from the Main Menu. In the above example. We can confirm that the UE has requested a handover in RRC Measurement Report messages a few times before the drop. click on Edit Columns. select them and click on the Remove button.

Edit Pre-configured or your own queries or analyses Create your own query Retrieve queries from another folder To save your query About Queries Queries are a means of searching and filtering data based on events and thresholds you define. single and multiple files reports. 56 . You may want to highlight potential voice or data problem areas. can be saved in a Workspace and reused for future drive data. histogram and crosstab). Queries operate on binned data and are written using Boolean expressions and arithmetic operations containing data parameters. accessed. and repositories. Analyzer supports six types of queries:      Filter Analysis (display data based on a single criterion) Binned Query Analysis (using functions and inequalities to define a new parameter based on existing parameters) Cross Tab Query Analysis (to group data and display statistics for each group. we will continue to analyze the same dropped connection by creating queries (binned. and a query can contain several options for grouping data) Event Query (to extract key performance statistics for a user-defined time or message window before or after a defined event such as dropped connection) Statistic Analysis and Histogram Analysis (provide analysis formats for custom expressions) In the following chapters. The groups can be sorted. Your customized analysis. or test for common symptoms of bad radio link quality for the purpose of speeding up the analysis of data.Analyzer LTE Training Performing Customized LTE Analyses You can create a wide variety of customized analyses using Analyzer. called a query. and edited in the Workspace through the Analysis Manager. These queries can be created.

This State() function is required to ensure that the last valid value of the parameter persists. press Ctrl-A). Type in your query expression or select the attribute from the attribute node‘s column. we‘ve managed to display the serving and best neighbor cells‘ PCI. just click on one of the attribute and the correct format group will be selected automatically. It will be nice if we can also see the signal strength difference between the serving cell and the best neighbor cell throughout the whole drive. Make sure the correct Format group is selected. To do so. our formula should look something like: Difference = Best Neighbor Cell’s RSRP – Serving Cell’s RSRP A positive value will indicate that the best neighbor is stronger than the serving cell. 4 5 57 . So. If you are not sure which group to select. create a binned query that computes the difference between the serving cell‘s RSRP and the best neighbor cell‘s RSRP: 1 In Analysis Manager (if you are not there yet. and it was useful to look at a particular point of data. Click OK to exit the Expression Builder. 2 3 Key in a meaningful name of your query in the Description textbox. RSRQ and RSRP on tables. double-click on Binned Query icon to go to the Expression Builder.Analyzer LTE Training Binned Query So far.

The ranges will be automatically calculated based on the number of columns you have set. 2 Apply this query and display it on a chart or workbook. Note that the ranges will look slightly strange but evenly distributed. Histogram A histogram‘s results expressed as a percentage may provide a more meaningful comparison to results expressed as a count. along with a connection dropped attribute. we will use a histogram to look at the channel to interference plus noise ratio (CINR). we‘ve displayed the query on a map. press Ctrl-A). From the chart. 58 . Key in the minimum value. In the example below. double-click on Histogram icon to open the Histogram Wizard window. we can see a big signal strength difference right before the connections were dropped. 2. map or table. To create a histogram: 1 In Analysis Manager (if you are not there yet. To set your desired range. you have to manually define and key in the range. maximum value and the number of columns. We will select a range from -50dB to 10dB and divide it into 30 columns. To generate this column: 1. In the example below. Click on the Generate button to generate your column.Analyzer LTE Training 6 Apply the query by right-clicking your query and display on a chart.

press Ctrl-A). double-click on Crosstab Query icon to open the Crosstab Query Wizard window. Always do so before you continue to build a bigger query! 59 . To create a crosstab query: 1 In Analysis Manager (if you are not there yet. Click on the New Dimension button. we would like to see CINR distribution and the correlation between CINR. RSRP and RSRQ. We will create a dimension for CINR‘s histogram (set with 3 dB difference). and a query can contain several options for grouping data. 3 = define column with 3 dBs difference 2 Now apply the query on a Statistics Explorer to see if your query works. The query dimension allows you to group and order your results using the attribute you select. Use attribute chooser to select LTE  Downlink Measurement  LTE_UE_CINR to add the CINR as the dimension. It is flexible and you can combine many different data groups together (you are not limited to one format group as you are in binned and histogram queries). In this example. The groups can be sorted.Analyzer LTE Training Crosstab Query The crosstab query is used to group data and display statistics for each group. Click on Edit Dimension to open the Expression Builder to set your criteria.

60 . create two new statistics: Avg RSRP and Avg RSRQ. Use the attribute chooser to select LTE  Downlink Measurement  LTE_UE_RSRP and LTE_UE_RSRQ to add the CINR as the statistics so that the state() function is applied when an attribute is selected.Analyzer LTE Training 3 dBs difference for each column 3 Next.

The occurrences of any CINR < -12 were insignificant (didn’t occur so often). Status = Connected 5 Apply and display your query on a workbook. Display on workbook to ensure your query is working well.Analyzer LTE Training 4 Lastly add a global filter to only retrieve data with status = connected. We can basically filter this range of the data out. Edit your global filter and add this new condition. You will then use the report for other log files. 61 . Save as another query if necessary. In the next chapter we will learn how to create a Single File Report using this crosstab query.

Ensure that the modified version of crosstab query (in this example: CINR_vs_RSRP_RSRQ_CONNECTED_CINRFilter.xlsx and close your file after you‘ve saved it. 4 5 6 Rename the current sheet to ―Report‖. Right-click on Queries  Crosstab Queries  Your Query Name and choose Display on Workbook. load another logfile and open a workbook. We will be using our previous CINR_vs_RSRP_RSRQ_CONNECTED_CINRFilter crosstab query. Adjust and format chart accordingly. Save your file as YourQueryName-Report. Remove all data in column A to D (in this example). Note Excel will launch and the Workbook will contain three sheets.aqf) is loaded. 62 . The report we want to create look like this: To create the above report: 1 2 3 Ensure that the logfile you used to create the crosstab query is loaded into the Workspace. and then formatting the report page using Excel. The objective of this section is to create a simple report or a single file report.Analyzer LTE Training Reporting Network Performance Creating Custom Single File Report Creating your own formatted report template is as easy as viewing the data you require on a workbook. To test if this report is working. Select whole column A to C (in this example) to create a chart and place it on the right. which can be accessed by clicking on the corresponding tab at the bottom sheet window.

The Stream Selection window will appear that prompts you to select a data stream: 3 Click on the stream name follow by OK button to create your report. the above example has 5 sets of data. As you can see. Select Workbook  Open Workbook/Report to open the YourQueryName-Report saved previously to the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports directory. 63 .Analyzer LTE Training Opening Single File Report To open a single report file: 1 2 Ensure that the logfile you want to create a single file report (based on the crosstab query) is loaded into the Workspace. In order to view them all and display on a single report. we can merge these sets of data by creating a superstream or create a repository (a database with aggregated data).

Create a Comparison Report – Add to the existing report the same parameter from a different data stream using the Display on Workbook (Active) command. Update the Report page to show results for both data sets. Create an Intermediate sheet in Excel to convert the histogram values into percentages. create a report that provides a comparison of a parameter at common locations in two different logfiles. Make modifications to the existing report. Provide Histogram Results as a Percentage – Histogram‘s results expressed as a percentage may provide a more meaningful comparison than results expressed as a count. 3 Some suggestions for upgrading existing reports:    Add Additional Parameters to the Report – Add to the existing report different parameters from the same data stream using the Display on Workbook (Active) command. Update the Report page to show results for all parameters included.Analyzer LTE Training Modifying a Custom Report Reports can be upgraded or modified at any time. Note Making modifications to a report by opening the Excel file in Windows will corrupt the Analyzer report. including macros which automate specific tasks within Microsoft Excel. For example. Update the Source Data for the histogram chart to reflect the new display method. including adding additional parameters from the same data stream.  64 . Embedded an Excel Macro in a Report – Any Excel format or technique may be applied to a report. or making cosmetic adjustments. adding the same parameters from different data stream. Save the file. To modify an existing report: 1 2 Run the report through the Workbook  Open Workbook/Report from Main Menu before making any modifications.

65 . Preparation: Create Crosstab Query Ensure the following values are set before you apply and open the query on Workbook: Dimension: RSRP with 3 dB difference in each row.Analyzer LTE Training Creating Custom Multiple Files Report Let‘s start by create a crosstab query where we can compare the RSRP and RSRQ of two logfiles (similar to the previous crosstab query).

Analyzer LTE Training Statistics: Average of RSRQ Global Filter: Only interested in displaying RSRP > -120 dB 66 .

On the 2nd logfile‘s stream name. Create a formula or even a macro (if applicable) to copy and paste the RSRQ value from Crosstab Formatted Sheet to the Report sheet. See the Report page below. Create a line chart based on the new data. Rename a new sheet as “Report”. go to the Crosstab Formatted Sheet and remove all data in that sheet.Analyzer LTE Training To create a multiple report using the crosstab query above: 1 2 On the 1st logfile‘s stream name. Define the range desired. Crosstab Formatted Sheet Report Sheet 3 If everything looks correct in the Report sheet. right-click on Queries  Crosstab Queries  Your Query Name and choose Display on Workbook. Save file as YourQueryName-MultipleReport. right-click on Queries  Crosstab Queries  Your Query Name and choose Display on Workbook (active). notice that the RSRP range is slightly different between 2 files.xlsx. 67 . In the Crosstab Formatted Sheet.

The same Stream Selection window will appear again to prompt you to select another data stream. Therefore. Opening Multiple Files Report To open a single report file: 1 2 Ensure that the logfiles you want to use to create a multiple file report (based on the crosstab query) are loaded into the Workspace.Analyzer LTE Training 4 5 6 Go back to the Report sheet to ensure no data is displayed. Select Workbook  Open Workbook/Report to open the YourQueryName-MultipleReport saved previously to the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports directory. 5 68 . In this example. The Stream Selection window will appear and prompt you to select a data stream: 3 4 Select the 1st data stream and click OK to proceed. Close the file after you‘ve saved it. we are only going to compare two sets of data. Click on the 2nd stream name follow by OK to create your multiple report. Make sure that the Report sheet is the default page and save the file again. the Stream Selection window will only appear twice.

in this example is the LTE_UE_RSRQ attribute. 3 Click on the Settings >> button if you want to merge your data with a common attribute or a correlated parameter. Beware that the size can be huge (since the superstream contains all attributes. then it is better to use the default ―Use timestamps‖ method of superstreaming. which. even those that we might not need in our analysis).Analyzer LTE Training Superstream A superstream is a new stream created by merging two or more sets of data into one large data set. Note This merge method is useful when merging the data for two devices (for instance a handset and a scanner) that were logged concurrently. If the two streams correspond to two log files logged consecutively. 69 . To create a superstream: 1 2 Select Tools  Create Superstream from the Main Menu or press Ctrl-U. but for which the timestamps are not aligned. Key in a meaningful name for your superstream and select the streams you want to merge.

The report will open displaying the combined data. A new stream. This time. select the superstream‘s stream name. 5 Select Workbook  Open Workbook/Report to open your single report.Analyzer LTE Training 4 Click OK. Super Streams containing the same attribute nodes will be created in Attribute Explorer. 70 .

Analyzer LTE Training Repository The repository function provides a mechanism for handling large volumes of data. how that data is to be organized. otherwise you will not be able to add to the template. A repository is based on a template. In case. we will make use of the CINR_vs_RSRP_RSRQ_CONNECTED_CINRFilter query that we‘ve created earlier. and to open. databases are called repositories. by loading the results of queries into a relational database mainly applicable to crosstab. and delete existing repositories. which lists the templates already exist and also enables you to delete unwanted templates. what type of data it is to be used for. Some of the engineering process modules use repositories to store data but hide the details of creating repositories and loading data into them behind the task pages. If necessary. that that all them our 71 . To open the Template Manager. close. and then start again. select Repository  Template Manager from the main menu. and to load data into them. Repository Template Wizard You use the Repository Template Wizard to create templates that can then be used for creating repositories. The template defines the structure of the new repository. make sure of the queries that you want to use in the template are already available in the Analysis Manager. You can also use the Repository Template Wizard to edit an existing repository template. it is displayed in the Open Repositories folder in the Attribute Explorer. which specifies how the results are to be structured into data sources (called devices) and which attributes and queries are to be included in each device. Data is loaded into the devices based on the stream name filter and stream type specified in the Define Devices page of the Repository Template. close the Template Manager. However. etc. The repository stores the binned data for the attributes as described in Repository Binned Data. Before you start creating a template. add the queries. When a repository is open. In the Actix terminology. You start the Repository Template Wizard from the Template Manager. Analyzer Classic includes features that advanced users can use to create new repositories directly. event and binned queries.

Key in a meaningful name for your repository template and a description about the template. This opens the Repository Template wizard's Welcome page. 4 Click Finish to create the template.Analyzer LTE Training Creating a New Template To create a new template: 1 2 Select Repository  Template Manager from Main Menu to open the Repository Template Wizard window. 72 . Step through the selection by selecting the default settings except the query selection: Select the Crosstab query you’ve created and other related queries you need 3 Continue to click on Next > till you‘ve reached the Name and Description step. Click New to create a new template.

Analyzer LTE Training

Creating a Repository
To create a repository based on the template you have just created: 1 2 Select Repository  Create Repository from the Main Menu. Key in a meaningful repository name. Select the template you have just created and click on Create & Open button to create the repository node in Attribute Explorer.
Select the template you’ve just created:

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In the Attribute Explorer, expand the Open Repositories node and right-click on the new repository you have just created (in the example below this is LTE Training Repository) to load your logfiles.
Right-click on your new repository node and select Load Data to load your logfiles

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Click on Add Files... to select your data files to be loaded into the repository. Click OK to start loading the files.

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Analyzer LTE Training

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A File load results window will be displayed and the Result column will show the status of the file. OK means files are successfully loaded.

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Click Close after you‘ve finished examining the files‘ status.

Creating a Repository Report:
It is wise to double check your results before you continue to customize your report. To do so, first display your query in Repository Statistics Explorer. To do so: 1 Right-click on the Open-Repository  Your New Repository  All  Queries  Crosstab Queries  Your Crosstab Query Name and display it on Repository Statistics Explorer, which lets you visualize and analyze the data processed into a Repository.

You can click on Date Range button to filter data by date.

You can also apply a filter to look at a specific set of data.

When specific problem areas have been isolated, the Repository Statistics Explorer can load the raw performance messaging details into Analyzer for further analysis.

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Selecting the Reports button opens a pane

Analyzer LTE Training

If you prefer to display the result directly into a workbook, right-click on the OpenRepository  Your New Repository  All  Queries  Crosstab Queries  Your Crosstab Query Name and display it on Workbook. 2 A workbook in Excel with a report for all log files will be created where the repository is loaded.

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Save and name your report as Report for Your New Repository. If everything looks correct in the report, remove all data in that sheet. Note Reports opened from a repository will be different from reports opened directly from Analyzer. You will get the same results but the Excel file will be different. Standard Analyzer reports can be run on repositories but repository reports cannot be run on Analyzer streams. Either keep only the standard Analyzer version of reports, or save a separate copy of your repository report in a separate file.

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Save the file again and close the file after you have saved it.

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Create a Repository Template containing all the queries required by the report. 2. 76 . Do you notice any difference? Note Repositories are very useful to generate reports on a large set of logfiles. A Stream Selection window will appear. The workflow you should follow is: 1.Analyzer LTE Training Displaying a Repository Report: To display the repository report that you have just created: 1 Select Workbook  Open Workbook/Report from the Main Menu and select Report for Your New Repository (the one you have just created). Click on Open to proceed. 3. 2 Select the All stream from Your New Repository stream name and click OK to display your repository report. Create queries using Analysis Manager. Create a report in Analyzer.

you can save a copy of the preferred layout of your current workspace.Analyzer LTE Training Saving Your Work Saving Screen Layouts Lastly. 77 . Saving a workspace in Analyzer allows you to save the following items:   Window layouts Open files you are currently working with Custom analyses you have created Custom attributes you have executed Superstreams you have created     Repositories you have created To save your workspace click File  Save Workspace As and give the file a name. Double-click on the Desktop shortcut to open Analyzer with all of your frequently used queries in place. simply save a workspace with the queries of interest. The Analyzer file structure includes a ‗Workspaces‘ folder that can be used to hold the saved workspace(s). though you can save a workspace to any location. To start up Analyzer with a set of commonly used queries. A workspace created with Analyzer may be opened directly from the Windows Desktop. The workspace may then be saved as a shortcut on the Windows Desktop. but no data files.

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