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544748-acc-reoport.pdf

544748-acc-reoport.pdf

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Published by Jens Weinreich

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Published by: Jens Weinreich on Feb 10, 2013
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12/22/2013

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The principal substances identfed through Project Aperio as being used were:

• growth hormone releasing peptdes (CJC-1295, GhRP-2, GhRP-6 and hexarelin)

• growth hormone variants (AOD-9604)

• selectve androgen receptor modulators (SARMs)

• insulin like growth factor (IGF-1) and mechano growth factor (MGF).

For the purposes of this report, these substances will be collectvely referred to as
peptdes and hormones. A summary of the legal status and status of these substances in
professional sport is detailed in Appendix Two.

The Australian PIEDs market has expanded rapidly in recent years. This is evidenced by:

• increased border seizures, with the number of PIEDs detected at the Australian
border rising from 2695 in 2009–10 to 5561 in 2010–11, a 106 per cent
increase, and the highest recorded number of PIEDs detectons at the border in
the last decade8

• an increase of 255 per cent between 2009–10 and 2010–11 in the number of
hormones detected at the Australian border by the Australian Customs and
Border Protecton Service

• the highest number on record of natonal steroid seizures and arrests in
2010–11 by Australian law enforcement agencies9

• an increasing number of individuals reportng the injecton of PIEDs

• more than half of the males who were new to injectng in 2011 were reportedly
injectng PIEDs.10

While anabolic steroids remain the most widely recognised PIEDs, an array of drugs
that were originally developed for the treatment of medical and hormonal disorders by
manipulatng the body’s hormonal system are now also being used as PIEDs.

8 Australian Crime Commission (ACC) 2012, Australian Illicit Drug Report 2010–11, ACC, Canberra.
9 ibid.
10 University of New South Wales (UNSW) 2012, Australian NSP Survey: Natonal Data Report 2007–2011, UNSW, Sydney.

13

AUSTRALIAN CRIME COMMISSION - ORGANISED CRIME AND DRUGS IN SPORT

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