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469 http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2011/035.

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.. (andrey_andreev@ihed.ras.ru)(1), ..(1),
..(1), ..(2), ..(1), ..(1)
(1) ,
(2)

.
,
,
.
,
.


.
,
[1, 2, 3] [4, 5],
- [6]
[7, 8, 9].
[10, 11].

,
,
.

470 http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2011/035.pdf

.
.
Johnson-Holmquist,

,
.
,

.
Johnson-Holmquist [1, 2]
, , , .,
, , .
(JH-2) [2]
.


() .

,
,

.
Johnson-Holmquist .
,

ij ij :
ij = p( ) ij + 2 ij

(1)

ij , , p
:

1
0

(2)

0 .
, Johnson-Holmquist
:
K + K 2 2 + K 3 3 + p,
p ( ) = 1
K1 ,

p>0
p<0

()
()

(3)

471 http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2011/035.pdf

p ,
() ,
, K1 , K 2 K 3 , K1
.

() i f
:

i = A ( p + T ) (1 + C ln  )
N

f = B ( p )

(4)

(1 + C ln  )

(5)

A, B, C, N M , p T
( Tmax )
. ,

,
(HEL):

p
, p =
, T = max
HEL
pHEL
pHEL

(6)

 (4) (5)
( , 0 = 1.0 c 1 ), ..  =  / 0 .

Johnson-Holmquist

, ,
,
C 103 102 .
(4) (5)

= i D ( i f )

(7)

D,

D = 0.0 D = 1.0 :
dD
1 d pl
=
dt fpl dt

fpl = D1 ( p + T )

(8)
D2

(9)

472 http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2011/035.pdf

D1 D2 , fpl .
(8)
D=

pl

fpl

(10)


pl .
JohnsonHolmquist JH-2, , [2].


Johnson-Cook [5],

pl ,

 pl T :

Y ( ,  , T ) = Yo + hard (

pl

pl

pl n

 pl
1 + C ln 1 + T T0

1

0 Tmelt T0

(11)

0 T0 , Tmelt
.

Johnson-Cook,
d, :
d =

pl

fpl

(12)


, d = 1.0 ,
. (12)

pl
f

 pl
p
T T0
= d1 + d 2 exp d3 1 + d 4 ln
1 + d5

Tmelt T0
q
0

(13)

473 http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2011/035.pdf

di , i = 1...5 , p q
. , (13)
= p / q
p. , (12) (13)
- ,
.

Johnson-Holmquist Johnson-Cook
()
Wilkins [6].

. 1 2
.
1. Johnson-Holmquist [3]

0 , /

2510

E,

462

0.17

197

K1 ,

233

HEL,

19.0

HEL ,

15.44

pHEL ,

8.71

HEL

0.0408

K 2 ,

593

K3 ,

2800

0.927

0.67

0.70

0.85

0.005

Tmax ,

0.26

0.03

D1

0.001

D2

0.5

474 http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2011/035.pdf

2. Johnson-Cook

OFHC
[4]

Al 1100-H12
[9]

ARMCO

[4]

Al 2024-T3
[12]

4340
[4]

Ti-6Al-4V
[12]

S7
[5]

,
/ 3

8960

2700

7890

2770

7830

4428

7750

124

66

207

73

200

114

207

0.34

0.3

0.29

0.33

0.29

0.342

0.32

46

25

80

27

77

44

78

K,

129

55

164

71

159

120

164

Yo ,

90

148

175

369

792

1098

1539

hard ,

292

345

380

684

510

1092

477

0.31

0.183

0.32

0.73

0.26

0.93

0.18

C1

0.025

0.001

0.060

0.0083

0.014

0.014

0.012

1.09

0.859

0.55

1.7

1.03

1.1

1.0

Tmelt

1356

893

1811

775

1793

1878

1763

T0

293

293

293

298

293

298

293

d1

0.54

0.071

2.20

0.13

0.05

0.09

0.8

d2

4.89

1.248

5.43

0.13

3.44

0.25

2.1

d3

3.03

1.142

0.47

1.5

2.12

0.50

0.5

d4

0.014

0.0097

0.016

0.011

0.002

0.014

0.002

d5

1.12

0.0

0.63

0.0

0.61

3.87

0.62

,
/()

383

920

452

875

477

580

477

,

( 0.9).

475 http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2011/035.pdf

,
( B4C ) 4 .
7.62 7.07 (

800

/c),

S7 (. . 2). 1-4
. 3
.

.

Al
2024-T3

4340

406

560

337

567

167

Ti-6Al-4V

ARMCO

, /

Al
1100-H12

OFHC

3.

381

,
4

727

679

620

1.



,
.

476 http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2011/035.pdf

1.

3.

4.

477 http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2011/035.pdf

4.

c , 104 / 3

, /

OFHC

Al 1100-H12

ARMCO

Al 2024-T3

4340

Ti-6Al-4V

4.13

1.54

4.62

1.72

4.53

2.81

394

240

463

233

633

419

,
(. . 2) .

(.

4),

c = ( K + 4 / 3) / .

( ),
( Yo , . . 2). ,

, ,
. ,
-
. ,

( )

.

. , ,
,
.
, 5,
.

5.

478 http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2011/035.pdf



. ,
.

(
7 %).

1. Johnson G.R. and Holmquist T.J. A computational constitutive model for brittle materials
subjected to large strains. In: Shock-wave and High Strain-rate Phenomena in Materials,
Eds.: M.A. Meyers, L.E. Murr, and K.P. Staudhammer, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York,
1992, pp. 1075-1081
2. Johnson G.R. and Holmquist T.J. An improved computational constitutive model for brittle
materials. In: High-Pressure Science and Technology 1993, AIP Press, New York, 1994,
pp. 981-984
3. Johnson G.R, Holmquist T.J. Response of boron carbide subjected to large strains, high
strain rates, and high pressure // J. Appl. Phys., 1999, Vol. 85, No. 12, pp. 8060-8073
4. Johnson G.R, Cook W.H. Fracture characteristics of three metals subjected to various
strains, strain rates, temperatures and pressures // Eng. Fract. Mech. 1985, V. 21. pp. 31-48.
5. Johnson G.R. and Cook W.H. A constitutive model and data for metals subjected to large
strains, high strain rates and high temperatures. In: Proceedings 7th International
Symposium on Ballistics, Hague, 1983, pp. 541-547
6. Wilkins

M.L.,

Computer

Simulation

of

Dynamic

Phenomena,

Springer-Verlag,

Berlin/Heidelberg/New York, 1999. 246 p.


7. Corbett B.M. Numerical simulations of target hole diameters for hypervelocity impacts into
elevated and room temperature bumpers // Intern. J. Impact Engineering, V. 33, 2006, pp.
431-440
8. Borvik T., Hopperstad O.S., Berstad T., Langseth M. Numerical simulation of plugging
failure in ballistic penetration. Int. J. Solids Struct. 2001 V. 38. pp. 6241-6264.
9. Gupta N.K., Iqbal M.A., Sekhon G.S. Experimental and numerical studies on the behavior
of thin aluminum plates subjected to impact by blunt-and hemispherical-nosed projectiles.
Int. J. Impact. Eng. 2006. V. 32. pp. 1921-1944.

479 http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2011/035.pdf

10. .., .., ..



// . . . -. . . 2010. 3. . 100-106.
11.

..,

..

// . 2008. . 27. 3. . 71-76.


12. Lesuer D.R., Experimental Investigations of Material Models for Ti6AL4V Titanium and
2024-T3 Aluminum, U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Aviation Administration,
DOT/FAA/AR-00/25, 2000. 41 p.