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The training includes circuit explanations, troubleshooting procedures, new features and design changes as well as alignment procedures. The material is not written for a specific model, it is an overview of LCD technology used in TVs and large format displays. Certification for this course is available by accessing the 2009 LCD Certification Exam online.
The material is broken into modules to allow direct access to specific topics.
Depending on the model design changes and features have been added to enhance the customers viewing experience. This includes a new panel designs, an innovative mounting system, and additional multimedia content options.
Traditional LCD TV’s use a series of Fluorescent tubes for backlights. These tubes use high voltage and a phosphor coating to generate light . The FL tubes and circuitry behind the panel increases the depth of the rear cabinet
The LEDs are arranged on the perimeter of the panel assembly. The individual LEDs are connected in series with two sets of LEDS, one for each side of the screen. The back of the panel uses three reflective layers and unique lens assembly that distribute the light across the entire panel. Three benefits are smaller size, a simplified power supply and less power consumption.
The 240Hz refresh rate also can smooth artifacts that can be created by fast image motion. The faster refresh rate specifically targets “judder” which occurs when films shot at 24 frames per second are converted to TV which normally uses 30 frames per second. 6 . The 240 Hz refresh rate helps make motion sequences smoother with less motion blur and jitter.Certain Samsung LCD units improve the refresh rate to 240Hz.
When films shot at 24 Frames per seconds are displayed at 30 frames per second on a TV the missing 6 frames causes images to jump or “judder”. The interpolated frames reduces the time between frames from 6. The 240 Hz refresh rate doubles the number of frames inserted compared to the previous 120Hz designs. The 240 Hz refresh rate smoothes the picture removing “judder” from 24 frame per second film transfers.8 mS. 7 .5 mS to 3.
The Ultra Clear panel improves picture quality by reducing ambient light that is reflected back to the viewer. An anti‐reflective coating inverts the phase of the incoming light when it is reflected. The In phase and out of phase waves cancel so only the light from the panel is sent to the viewer. 8 .
Taking advantage of the capabilities of Internet-enabled TVs. The Internet Widget System offers a compelling and powerful information and entertainment experience to consumers. This feature has been expanded to include expanded content.A feature on certain LCD TV in 2008 was internet connectivity for RSS news feeds. TV Widgets are connected to applications that consumers can personalize and enjoy while simultaneously watching live video or other media on their DTVs DTVs. 9 .
The widgets can be configured along the bottom of the screen or as a side bar showing information along with the live video in the main picture window 10 .
11 .Widgets are available for entertainment programming like CBS. Showtime and Netflix. New widgets are being developed constantly. Information sites like the New York Times or Yahoo News and social networking sites like MySpace and Twitter.
8” . 12 .Samsung will be offering an accessory wall mount. The Photo frame wall mount uses a design similar to the method used to hang paintings.8” to 1. The slim design reduces the depth from 6.
The Photo Frame wall mount uses a pair of mounting blocks along with a aircraft grade Kevlar cable that can support over 400 lbs. This new mount offers a simple method of installation and reduces the depth of the installation compared to traditional wall mounts. 13 .
The installation procedure involves wall mounting two base units and attaching a Kevlar wire in the upper mounting holes. 14 . Two tilt up legs allow the customer to connect various sources without having to pull the TV from the wall.
Wall anchors and toggle bolts are provided to secure the mount base to the wall. Bolts are provided to secure the Kevlar wire to the TV. 15 .
com 16 . On certain models additional content can be downloaded from Samsung. The library includes games short movies and information pieces such as recipes or fitness.Certain Samsung TV are shipped with preloaded movies or image contents.
Wiselink Pro adds the capability to view MPEG video files that have been stored on a USB storage device. Wiselink Pro supports MP4.Wiselink offers a USB 2. AVI .0 connection to view Jpeg images or listen to MP3 audio files. VRO and VOB file formats. Series 5 through Series 9 models support this feature. 17 . MPG.
18 . you do not have to enter them manually. since an IP address. The current network settings will appear. gateway. appear If the test fails on the MAC Address.Under the setup menu select the Network selection” then set the value to “Cable Network Setup” then press enter. If the test fails on Domain Ping. check the internet cable connection to your wireless router or your firewall settings. the normally indicates a TV main board failure. Next select “Internet Protocol Setup”. and DNS are automatically allocated when DHCP is selected. the MAC Address may not be written. Select “Network Test” to check the network connectivity. subnet mask.
Basically this device emulates the commands from the network by applying the transmit to the receive circuits and vice versa.You can test the LAN circuitry in the TV using the Loopback connection shown here. 19 .
Also available is a USB wireless LAN adapter which allows you to access the internet. 22 . A properly configured wireless 802.11b/g network is required. You will need to know the network name and any security codes to configure the system.
Step 2 – Verify that ‘Wireless’ is selected for Network Selection in SETUP MENU on the TV.Step 1 ‐ Insert USB Wireless Network Device into the Wiselink (USB) port on the side of the television. Step 3 – Access the Wireless Network Setup submenu under the Setup Menu 23 . The TV should display the message shown in figure 2 highlight and select ‘YES’ to choose Wireless for Network Selection.
Highlight and Select “Auto Setup” for Internet Protocol Setup if Wi‐Fi is opened to the public (Not Encrypted). Go to the ‘Access Point Select’ submenu option to search for an available Access Point. If you are using an open wireless network you must use the “Auto Setup” Feature. Manual setup cannot be used.Step 4 – If you are using an unsecured wireless network (Open) continue with the following steps otherwise jump to step 5. 24 . Find and select the wireless router to make the connection an example is shown in figure 6.
Once the connection has been negotiated the name of the network will be shown. 25 . If the negotiation fails it is best to use the manual setup procedure.Once the autosetup process is complete the Access point connecting screen will be displayed.
26 .Manual setup is used for secured networks requiring a password. Choose Manual setup then select the network from the search screen.
You might have to change the network password. Note. the network password must be 0‐9 or A‐F other alpha characters cannot be input.The password for the network can be entered using the remote control joystick buttons . 27 .
A MAC address failure usually indicates a problem with the TV which would require replacement of the main PCB. 28 .The network test can verify connectivity as well as check the hardware in the TV.
This design change reduces the depth of the cabinet without affecting picture quality. 30 .2009 LCD TVs use a different board layout moving the TCON board to the bottom center and the Main Board is now on the left instead of the right.
Larger Screen sizes separate the Power supply board from the inverter board.The power supply board will vary depending on screen size and how the panel is being illuminated. 31 . Smaller CCFL Backlight models may use a power supply board where the inverter and power supply board are combined in an IP Board.
32 .All LCD power supplies will be similar with the exception of the backlight power supply. LED based units use a 320V supply to drive the LED strips while FL backlights use a 20V supply to drive the inverters.
33 . One side of the panel is driven by voltage at connector CN 9401 and the other side by the signal at CN9402. If the one of the LED strips fails this means the panel must be replaced.The LED Backlight is driven by approximately 170 volts from the power supply board. If one of the connectors is unplugged you may not notice a large brightness change depending on the scene being viewed. You can isolate the left or right side of the panel by swapping the connectors.
The inverter circuit uses a switch mode type power supply to up convert a low voltage to a high voltage .LCD TV’s using Fluorescent backlights use an inverter circuit to power the tubes. The switch mode supply is designed to oscillate at a frequency around 90KHz. 34 . The control circuit regulates the run time voltage to approximately 500V. Using step up transformer the voltage is raised to approximately 1000 Volts at startup. In most cases 20Volts DC is applied to the primary of the transformer.
Since this uses a switch mode supply you might be able to verify oscillation using an oscilloscope. 35 . A common failure symptom of a defective inverter circuit is momentary operation with a panel flash then complete shutdown.To troubleshoot this circuit begin by verifying the 20 ‐24 Volt supply is present. Service for this circuit is board replacement. After the power on command you should hear the relay click then the inverter supply voltage can be read.
As with any Samsung product the first check is to verify the standby power supply is present. The power supply will operate unloaded. The power On command closes the relay turning on the switched supplies. Next verify the Power On command is being sent to the power supply from the Main board. Service for this board is also board replacement. this means you can unplug certain peripherals to verify they are not shorted. 36 .
The Arsenal IC is the ATSC decoder.2009 LCD TV uses a pair of Video processors. HDMI decoder and selects the various input sources. The Chelsea IC processes the video and also acts as the main CPU. 37 . The Chelsea IC generates onscreen display and includes an LVDS transmitter.
38 . The LVDS circuit scrambles the data and sends the information to the TCON or FRC board depending on the model. The digital video is processed to improve the picture quality then applied to the built‐in LVDS transmitter. The video is converted to digital and fed to the Chelsea IC. The Chelsea IC mixes in any OSD information or PIP video.Analog tuner information is decoded by the Half NIM tuner and transmitted to the Arsenal processor.
Since both these sources are analog the Arsenal processor selects the source and converts the Analog video to digital . The digital video is fed to the Chelsea and is processed exactly the same as the tuner video. 39 . The sync information is stripped from video information.
PC Video in RGB format is converted to digital . The only variation is the sync signal is transmitted separately so it does not need to be stripped from the video signal. The digital video is fed to the Chelsea and is processed exactly the same as the tuner video. 40 .
The video signal is stripped from the data stream and fed to the Chelsea IC. From here the process is exactly the same.The Arsenal IC selects one of the 4 HDMI inputs. 41 . Since this signal is digital no conversion is required however the Arsenal IC does verify the content conforms to HDCP format.
If the OSD image is distorted the problem can be the TCON or FRC board or the panel itself. If the OSD message is displayed properly the problem is before the Chelsea IC.Video problems can be isolated by accessing the onscreen display which is generated from the Chelsea IC. 42 .
then select FBE Pattern.Additional test patterns may be available in the service mode under Control. 43 . The FBE test patterns offer a wider range of colors and luminance levels.
All audio is processed by the main PCB. Analog audio sources are converted to digital by the WM85963 processor. This processor applies some equalization then converts the digital signal to analog. 44 . The SPDIF optical signal can be connected to a home theater unit for Dolby digital playback. The analog signal is amplified by the STA339B IC then fed to the speaker array. The digital signal is equalized. The optical jack outputs full Dolby digital mode only when using the ATSC tuner is selected and optical jack outputs full Dolby digital mode only when using the ATSC tuner is selected and a HD program is being viewed. converted back to analog then takes the same output path that was previously described. The ATSC tuner strips the audio data and feeds the signal to the Arsenal IC. The Arsenal IC converts the signal to digital then feeds the signal to the WM8593 audio processor. Audio from an external device such as the component input is converted to digital by the audio processor. HDMI audio takes a similar path. Besides the speaker output the ATSC audio is converted to SPDIF format.
Once again if the melody is heard clearly the circuit is working. Turn the TV off and on. and verify the melody has been set to on. There are two ways to test operation of the audio circuit. If no sound is heard or the audio is distorted verify the speakers and speaker connections.As stated earlier all the audio processing is done by the Main PCB. Set the volume to 30% and verify the speakers have not been set to off. if you hear either the startup or turn off melodies clearly this indicates the audio circuit is working properly. Under the setup menu there is an audio test which will also play a melody. 45 .
Once the video information has been converted to the correct resolution it is applied to the TCON Board. Selecting an individual sub pixel is accomplished by sending a row address pulse at the same time as the column address pulse. The encoded data is decoded by the LVDS receiver then fed to the row and column drivers. 46 . Information from the main PCB is fed to the TCON board via the LVDS cable. The two intersecting pulses cause the sub pixel to light. The TCON board selects the row and column that is supposed to be lit. The TCON Board also controls the duration that the sub pixel is lit.
47 . If the screen defect appears after a period of time the TCON board can be suspected. If the problem disappears when the input is changed it is not the TCON board.T‐Con board failures can be all over the screen or localized. If the problem completely disappears with a darker or brighter scene the problem is not the TCON board. TCON board failures can cause half the screen to go black or full white. TCON Board defects do not go away with content or connection.
FRC or frame rate conversion is where the extra frames are created or interpolated.Models that use 120Hz or 240Hz refresh rates use a combination TCON and FRC Board. Video in LVDS format is applied to the FRC board. 48 . The FRC board creates the additional frames by reading two adjacent original frames then calculating the luminance and chrominance data.
Models that use 240Hz refresh rates add this feature. The chart shown here provides some guidelines for AutoMotion Plus customer settings. Be advised that setting the AutoMotion Plus to OFF does NOT disable the 240Hz processing. 49 . Movies which are shot at 24 frames per frames must be converted to 30 frames. the video to reduce blur effect on fast motion. The 3:2 pulldown circuit is conjunction with the 240 Hz frame interpolation can introduce noise on the screen depending on the picture content.Automotion Plus is a feature that attempts to remove drag from fast motion scenes.
Both of the FRC patterns are generated on the FRC board. 50 .The FRC board can be tested by accessing the FRC Test pattern under the control submenu of the service mode. either the Main board or the source. If the test patterns are displayed without error the problem is before the FRC board.
if the main PCB is changed the information must be reloaded.Besides processing the video signal the Chelsea IC is also the Main CPU. 51 . It reads the keypad and IR Data and sends the appropriate commands to the peripherals ICs via the I2C buss line. All of these circuits are on the main PCB. Operating system information and service mode data is stored in the flash memory. The DDR memory is used for channel map and other customer information.
The TCON or FRC board selects the specific sub pixel and controls the amount of light produced from that area. A 1080P panel has 1920 horizontal pixels and 1080 vertical pixels.LCD panels are made up of rows and columns of red green and blue sub pixels. Obviously the higher resolution requires that many more control lines. For example a 720P panel has 1280 horizontal pixels and 768 vertical pixels. 52 . The panel resolution determines the number of sub pixels.
Vertical or horizontal lines that are present with all inputs and all types of content are usually defective panels. 53 . Backlight errors can usually be identified by an area that is always noticeably darker. Smaller lines or imperfections in the image that are present in all modes is called de‐lamination which requires replacing the panel.
Panels do not crack on their own. 54 . panel damage has been tied to flying objects or transportation damage. Corner cracks are usually the result of rough handling.LCD panels use a flexible polarizer on the outside edge of the panel. Panels showing a center point and cracks radiating from that point is impact damage. If the unit is hit by a object the flexible polarizer may not show damage but the inside LCD glass will break.
On all models you can download the software to a USB drive insert the USB drive into the port on the rear of the TV. All serv 55 . Updated software information can be obtained on our service website GSPN.After the main board is replaced it is best to verify the most recent version of software has been installed. Finally upgrade the unit using the Software upgrade feature in the Customer Setup Menu.
If the picture looks reddish or bluish the gain or offset values may need to be adjusted. Input a grayscale stair step pattern and verify the correct number of steps is present.Another alignment that should at least be checked is the white balance settings. Also be sure the picture shows only black white and shades of gray. 56 .
57 . Incorrect option bytes programming can cause a feature to be disabled or the unit to expect to see a circuit that is not actually on the unit. Additionally the operating system is configured to support LCD panels from different factories or different screen sizes. The option bytes setting tells the PCB which features should be enabled. A single PCB might be used in multiple models with different feature sets.Option Bytes are also used to control the features in the TV.
58 . Incorrect settings in the Model Value can cause features to be disabled or enabled incorrectly.Incorrect settings in the type value can cause the picture size to be incorrect or the picture to be dark.