Disaster Management

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BY P.VARUN KUMAR

2/11/13

What is a DISASTER

A disaster is a natural or manmade event which results in widespread human loss, loss of livelihood, property and life.

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Components of Disaster Management
1. 2. 3. 4.

Preparedness Response Recovery Prevention

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Disaster Preparedness

It involves measures to ensure that communities and services are capable of coping with the effect of disaster.

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EXAMPLE FOR DISASTER PREPAREDNESS
1.

Community awareness and education Proper warning system Mutual aid arrangement Mock drill, training practice

2.

3.

4.

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Disaster Response
It involves measures taken in anticipation of, during and immediately after a disaster to ensure that the effects are minimized.

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EXAMPLE FOR DISASTER RESPONSE
1.

Implementing the disaster management plan Setting up medical camps and mobilizing resources Providing adequate shelter and sanitary facilities of

2.

3.

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Disaster Recovery
It involves measures, which support emergency affected areas in reconstruction of the physical infrastructure and restoration of economic and emotional well being.

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EXAMPLE FOR DISASTER RECOVERY
1.

Counseling programme for those who lost the near ones Restoring services like roads, communication link

1.

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Prevention and Mitigation

It involves measures to eliminate or reduce the incidence of severity of disasters.

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EXAMPLE FOR PREVENTION AND MITIGATION
1.

Preventing habitation in risk zones Disaster resistant buildings

2.

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PRINCIPLES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT
• • • • • • •

Minimize casualties Prevent further casualties Rescue the victims First aid Evacuate Medical care Reconstruction
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THANK YOU

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