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Desserts Around the World

Desserts Around the World

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Published by Raluca Alina
A brief description of traditional desserts around the world.
A brief description of traditional desserts around the world.

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Published by: Raluca Alina on Feb 11, 2013
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The origins of some desserts

Crème brûlée
Crème brûlée also known as burnt cream, crema catalana, orTrinity cream is a dessert consisting of a rich custard base topped with a contrasting layer of hard caramel. It is normally served cold. The custard base is traditionally flavored with vanilla, but is also sometimes flavored with lemon or orange (zest), rosemary,chocolate, Amaretto, Grand Marnier, coffee, liqueurs, green tea, pistachio, coconut, or other fruit.
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History
The exact origins are uncertain, and there have been debates as to whether the dessert's origins lie in France or Britain. The earliest known reference of creme brulee as we know it today appears in François Massialot's 1691 cookbook and the French name was used in the English translation of this book, but the 1731 edition of Massialot's Cuisinier roial et bourgeois changed the name of the same recipe from "crème brûlée" to "crème anglaise". In the early eighteenth century, the dessert was called "burnt cream" in English
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In Britain, a version of crème brûlée (known locally as 'Trinity Cream' or 'Cambridge burnt cream') was introduced at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1879 with the college arms "impressed on top of the cream with a branding iron", The story goes that the recipe was from an Aberdeenshire country house and was offered by an undergraduate to the college cook, who turned it down. However, when the student became a Fellow, he managed to convince the cook.

Crema catalana
In Catalan language; Crema catalana ('Catalan cream'), crema cremada ('Burnt cream') or crema de Sant Josep, is aCatalan dish similar to crème brûlée. It is traditionally served on Saint Joseph's Day (March the 19th) although nowadays it is consumed at all times of year. The custard is flavored with lemon or orange zest, and cinnamon. The sugar in crema catalana is traditionally caramelized under an iron broiler or with a specially made iron, not with a flame.

Technique
Crème brûlée is usually served in individual ramekins. Discs of caramel may be prepared separately and put on top just before serving, or the caramel may be formed directly on top of the custard, immediately before serving. To do this, sugar is sprinkled onto the custard, then caramelized under a broiler/salamander or with a blow torch.

Eduard Sacher's son (also named Eduard Sacher) found employment at Demel and brought to the bakery the sole distribution right for an Eduard-Sacher-Torte. Sacher's eldest son Eduard carried on his father's culinary legacy. established by Eduard in 1876. "Let there be no shame on me tonight!" While the torte created by Sacher on this occasion is said to have delighted Metternich's guests. having taken ill. including the change of the name. then in his second year of training in Metternich's kitchen. which was the first establishment to offer the "Original" cake. and the substitution of margarine for butter in the baking of the cake. the cake remains among the most famous of Vienna's culinary specialties. [1] History Origins Recipes similar to that of the Sachertorte appeared as early as the eighteenth century. one instance being in the 1718 cookbook of Conrad Hagger. The author Friedrich Torberg. The first differences of opinion arose in 1938. when the new owners of the Hotel Sacher began to sell Sacher Tortes from vendor carts under the trademarked name "The Original Sacher Torte". the second layer of jamin the middle of the cake. the cake was never covered with marmalade or cut through the . served as a witness during this process and testified that. Prince Wenzel von Metternich charged his personal chef with creating a special dessert for several important guests. In 1832. who was a frequent guest at both establishments. ultimately settling in his hometown of Vienna where he opened a specialty delicatessen and wine shop. completing his own training in Vienna with the Royal and ImperialPastry Chef at the Demel bakery and chocolatier. After interruptions brought about by the Second World War and the ensuing Allied occupation. or torte. Over the next seven years. another individual represented in Gartler-Hickmann's 1749 Tried and True Viennese Cookbook (Wienerisches bewährtes Kochbuch). Franz Sacher. during which time he perfected his father's recipe and developed the torte into its current form. the hotel owners sued Demel in 1954. Sacher completed his training as a chef and afterward spent time in Pressburg and Budapest. Since then. [1] Legal issues In the early decades of the twentieth century. a legal battle over the use of the label "The Original Sacher Torte" developed between the Hotel Sacher and the Demel bakery. during the lifetime of Anna Sacher. Following the death of Eduard's widow Anna in 1930 and the bankruptcy of the Hotel Sacher in 1934. The cake was first served at the Demel and later at the Hotel Sacher. invented by Austrian Franz Sacher in 1832 for Prince Wenzel von Metternich in Vienna. the dessert received no immediate further attention. let the task fall to his sixteen-year-old apprentice. It is one of the most famous Viennese culinary specialties. Austria. Eduard Sacher completed his recipe for Sacher Torte while working at Demel.Sachertorte Sachertorte is a specific type of chocolate cake. both parties waged an intense legal war over several of the dessert's specific characteristics. The Prince is reported to have declared. with the hotel asserting its trademark rights and the bakery claiming it had bought the rights to the name "Original Sacher Torte". The head chef.

using redcurrant jam and marzipan. Original recipe Sacher Cake (Sachertorte) "This is the original recipe. 2 tbls. but rather those of the chocolate icing [citation needed] . (200 g) semi-sweet chocolate. and some may be found below. Heat apricot jam slightly and spread over top. oven about 1 hour. Grease and butter 8-9" cake tin. Remove to board." 3/4 cup (170 g) butter. at Cafe Sacher branches in Innsbruck and Graz. According to widely available information. Those privy to it claim that the secret to the Sacher Torte's desirability lies not in the ingredients of the cake itself. coated in dark chocolate icing on the top and sides. Test with toothpick or straw. Cover with chocolate icing. [2] Composition The cake consists of two layers of dense chocolate sponge cake with a thin layer of apricot jam in the middle. Melt chocolate in top of double boiler. Bake in 275 degree F (140 degree C). which are produced exclusively by different manufacturers for this sole purpose. For example. Beat butter until creamy. 7 oz. 3/4 cup (170 g) sugar. (180 g) semi-sweet chocolate. Add flour. in the Duty Free area of Vienna airport and via the Hotel Sacher's online shop. Pour mixture in. Fold in egg whites. Add sugar and chocolate to butter. . In 1963 both parties agreed on an out of court settlement that gave the Hotel Sacher the rights to the phrase "The Original Sachertorte" and gave the Demel the rights to decorate its tortes with a triangular seal that reads Eduard-Sacher-Torte. Add egg yolks one at a time. "Sacher-Masoch-Torte" was presented (its name alluding to Leopold von Sacher-Masoch). the icing consists of three special types of chocolate. at the Sacher Shop inBozen. cool. stiffly beaten.middle. a festival marking the city of Graz being declared cultural capital that year. The recipe of the Hotel Sacher's version of the cake is a closely guarded secret. Anna Sacher. while Demel's "Eduard-Sacher-Torte" has only one. apricot jam. It is traditionally served with whipped cream without any sugar in it. at "Graz-Kulturhauptstadt 2003". Production and sale of the "Original Sacher Torte" Hotel Sacher's "Original Sacher Torte" is sold at the Vienna and Salzburg locations of the Hotel Sacher. Pour on top of cake. icing: 1 cup (225 g) sugar. 10 egg whites. The hotel obtains these products from Lübeck in Germany and from Belgium. 1/3 cup (80 ml) water. Melt chocolate. Cut top off and turn bottom up. Variations "Original" Sacher Torte has two layers of apricot jam between the outer layer of chocolate icing and the sponge base. 6 1/2 oz. prepared as follows: Cook sugar and water to thin thread. obtained through the courtesy of Mrs. 8 egg yolks. December 5 is National Sachertorte Day. There are various recipes for cakes similar to the "Original". 1 cup (120 g) flour. stir. Stir constantly until icing coats the spoon. Add sugar gradually to chocolate.

Other cheese mixtures are used as well. a mixture of egg yolks and sugar is first prepared: egg yolks are mixed with sugar to form a thick cream to which the mascarpone cheese is added. near Venice. including dark rum. then the egg whites are beaten stiff and folded in to the mascarpone/egg cream. [7] To prepare the biscuit layer. [5][6] [4] [3] [1] [2] The translation of the name Italian tiramisù (tirami sù) means "pick-me-up" (metaphorically.brandy and cognac. [1] History. lit. and more layers are added. "pick me up") is an Italian dessert. while Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary gives 1982 as the first mention of the dessert. [8] . port. Madeira. eggs and sugar. and flavored with liqueur and cocoa. It may have originated as a variation of another layered dessert. This may refer to the caffeine in the espresso and effect of cocoa used in the recipe. There is some debate regarding the origin of tiramisu. in place of ladyfingers.Zuppa Inglese. For the mascarpone cheese layer. The layer is then topped with a dusting of cocoa powder. Alternatively. Cocoa powder is sifted on top (and sometimes between layers) as both a garnish and a bitter counterpoint to the sweetened cheese mixture. cakes and other desserts. Italian spelling: Tiramisù. The recipe has been adapted into many varieties of puddings. often with an addition of a flavorful liquor such as sweet Marsala wine or dark rum. the Savoiardi are soaked in espresso or strong coffee. "make me happy"). some containing raw eggs. accounts by Carminantonio Iannaccone and Nathan Lopez (as researched and written about by The Washington Post) establish the creation of tiramisu by him on 24 December 1969 in Via Sottotreviso while he was head chef at Treviso. yeasted breads. Preparation Tiramisu is a layered dessert. Countless variations for tiramisu exist. It is made of ladyfingers (Italian:Savoiardi) dipped in coffee. It is mentioned in Giovanni Capnist's 1983 cookbook I Dolci Del Veneto. Other liquors are frequently substituted for the traditional Marsala wine in both the coffee and the cheese mixture. The eggs. This mixture is spread over the coffee-soaked biscuits. such as panettone. and others containing no eggs at all. Some confectioners were said to have created it in honour of Cosimo III on the occasion of his visit to the country. layered with a whipped mixture of egg yolks and mascarpone cheese.Tiramisu Tiramisu ([tiɾamiˈsu]. Other sources report the creation of the cake to have originated in the city of Siena. Some cooks use other cakes or sweet. sugar and Marsala wine are cooked as a zabaione. consisting of alternating layers of coffee-soaked Savoiardi biscuits and sweet mixture of mascarpone cheese.

Pastry is generally used top-and-bottom. This is possibly due to adaptations made by Italians who emigrated to the United States in the early 1900s and discovered limited availability of certain ingredients. south of Palermo. having overseen the killing of the traitor Paulie. In addition. History Originating in the Palermo area. the filling is a simple custard of sugar. courtesy of Charles Bronson's character Paul Kersey. and candied citrus peel or cherries are often still included. United States. peanut butter and many more non-traditional ingredients. Cantone of Collegeville. cannoli were historically prepared as a treat during Carnevale season. a scene in Death Wish V : The Face of Death has one man killed by eating a poison cannolo. with the etymology stemming from the Latin "canna". with Richard Castellano as Peter Clemenza in The Godfather. or reed. "Leave the Gun . They range in size from "cannulicchi". and was set by Jeff H. milk. says to his partner. H. or just as props the characters happen to be eating. the cream is often flavored with vanilla or orange flower water and a small amount of cinnamon. the . making it a double-crust pie. It is sometimes served with whipped cream or ice cream on top. In Italy they are commonly known as "cannoli siciliani". Pennsylvania. Cannoli are mentioned in a number of films and in many contexts. The Guiness World Record for Cannoli eaten in one sitting is 347. Chopped pistachios. Today there are companies such as Cannoli Express in Montreal. filling it with Nutella. throughout Italy. Rarely. possibly as a fertility symbol. They have earned a respected place in Cinema History also. semi-sweet chocolate pieces. They are also popular in Italian American cuisine and in the United States are known as a general Italian pastry. Sicily. creamy filling usually containing ricotta. In either case. no bigger than a finger. The singular is cannolo (or in the Sicilian language cannolu). but mascarpone is a less common alternative. Apple pie An apple pie is a fruit pie (or tart) in which the principal filling ingredient is apples. dotting the open ends of the pastry. meaning "little tube". to the fist-sized proportions typically found in Piana degli Albanesi. Sicilian cannoli. Canada that are Americanizing the cannoli. Cannoli originated in Sicily and are an essential part ofSicilian cuisine. or alongside cheddar cheese. one legend assigns their origin to the harem ofCaltanissetta.Cannoli Cannoli are Sicilian pastry desserts. The cannoli sold in Italian-American bakeries today usually still contain ricotta. and cornstarch. [citation needed] The dessert eventually became a year-round staple Italian-American variants The versions with which Americans are most familiar tend to involve variations on the original concept. Cannoli consist of tube-shaped shells of fried pastry dough. while they are specifically Sicilian in origin.take the Cannoli". filled with a sweet.

Honey. [1] The English pudding English apple pie recipes go back to the time of Chaucer. Despite the expense.upper crust of which may be a circular shaped crust or a pastry lattice woven of strips. canned. the juice of the pears was intended to sweeten the pie. Absence of sugar in early English recipe Most modern recipes for apple pie require an ounce or two of sugar. as in some modern "sugar-free" recipes. or custard. because refined sugar was a recent introduction from the Orient. The 1381 recipe (see illustration at right) lists the ingredients as good apples. The fruit for the pie can be fresh. There are two possible reasons. There exists a painting from the Dutch Golden Age. Ingredients Cooking apples (culinary apples). Dutch apple pies may include ingredients such as raisins and icing. good spices. suggesting that it was not considered prohibitively expensive. dated 1626. Apple Pie is often served in the style "a la Mode" (topped with ice cream). and the length of cooking time required. In English speaking countries. Dutch apple pies are usually decorated in a lattice style. where it cost between one and two shillings perpound—this is roughly the equivalent of US$100 per kg (about US$50 per pound) in today's prices. which they have in common with other recipes. refined sugar did appear much more often in published recipes of the time than honey. Saffron is used for colouring the pie filling. [7] [6] Recipes for Dutch apple pie go back centuries. Alternatively. With the exception of apples and pears. whether it has an effect on the flavour of the pie is a matter of opinion. [5] The absence of sugar in the recipe may instead indicate that. which was many times cheaper. Sugarcane imported from Egypt was not widely available in 14th century England. a piece of cheese (such as a sharp cheddar) is occasionally placed on top of or alongside a slice of the finished pie. all the ingredients in the filling probably had to be imported. and open-face Tarte Tatin. Dutch style Dutch apple pie (appeltaart or appelgebak) recipes are distinct in that they typically call for flavourings such as cinnamon and lemon juice to be added. eaten hot or cold. featuring such a pie. and the "good spices" and saffron. double cream. are crisp and acidic. figs. And perhaps. on its own or with ice cream. is also absent from the recipe. Northern Spy or Granny Smith. were no less expensive and difficult to obtain than refined sugar. exceptions are deep-dish apple pie with a top crust only. The cofyn of the recipe is a casing of pastry. or reconstituted from dried apples. but the earliest recipe does not. such as the Bramley. raisins and pears. . in addition to ingredients such as apples and sugar. the medieval English did not have quite as sweet a tooth as their descendants. Empire. This affects the final texture. Dried or preserved apples were originally substituted only at times when fresh fruit was unavailable. apple pie is a dessert of enduring popularity. all imported.

from meat rather than fruit. There is also a very popular version called äppelkaka (apple cake). Israel Acrelius in a letter: “Apple pie is used throughout the whole year. In the meantime. As noted by the New Sweden historian Dr. the colonistswere more likely to make their pies. to become fruit-bearing apple trees. from the eighteenth century.supposedly the stock [14] answer of American soldiers in World War II. but in the New World. was in cider. "dutch apple pie" refers to an apple pie with a Streusel topping. along with sugar and various spices. and thus "was able to successfully 'rehabilitate' the apple as a popular [dubious – discuss][17] comestible" in the early twentieth century when prohibition outlawed the production of hard cider. sometimes with a dash of whipped cream or vanilla ice cream. meaning "typically American". It is the evening meal of children. or "pasties". There are claims that the Apple Marketing Board of New York State used such slogans as "An apple a day keeps the doctor away" [15] [16] and "as American as apple pie!". and sometimes rolled oats. usually a crisp and mildly tart variety such as Goudreinet or Elstar. Advertisers exploited the patriotic connection in the 1970s with the commercial jingle "baseball. whenever journalists asked why they were going to war. there are American apple pie recipes. [11] Although apple pies have been eaten since long before the European colonisation of the Americas. [13] [12] In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. hot dogs. [9] Apple pie was a common food in eighteenth century Delaware. The unincorporated community of Pie Town. "as American as apple pie" is a saying in the United States. which quickly lead to the development of hundreds of new native varieties. [18] . rather than a traditional pastry pie. All apple varieties are propagated by grafting. In the US. Ritz Crackers promoted a recipe for mock apple pie using its product. Cinnamon and sugar are generally mixed in with the apple filling. The only native apples were crab apples. and it has since become a very popular dessert. [8] Swedish style The Swedish style apple pie is predominantly a variety of apple crumble. and the main use for apples. It is usually flavoured with cinnamon and served with vanilla custard or ice cream. apple pie became a symbol of American prosperity and national pride. dried ones are used. New Mexico is named in honor of the apple pie. to be selected for their cooking qualities. Apple pie in American culture In the English colonies the apple pie had to wait for the planting of European varieties. was possibly invented by pioneers on the move during the nineteenth century who were bereft of apples.The basis of Dutch apple pie is a crust on the bottom and around the edges. A newspaper article published in 1902 declared that “No pie-eating people can be permanently vanquished. planting from seeds was more popular. which differs from the pie in that it is a sponge cake baked with fresh apple pieces in it. This is then filled with pieces or slices of apple. However. brought across the Atlantic. once they were available. holding the filling in place but keeping it visible. strands of dough cover the pie in a lattice. Often breadcrumbs are used (wholly or partially) instead of flour. It can be eaten warm or cold.” The dish was also commemorated in the phrase "for Mom and apple pie" . In the 1930s. Atop the filling. and for many years afterwards. as clones. apple pie and Chevrolet".” [10] A mock apple pie. both manuscript and printed. and when fresh Apples are no longer to be had. made from crackers.

Rachel Kramer Bussel. when the use of volume measurements was firmly established in home kitchens. somewhat less rich and less expensive than pound cake. the cakes were often baked in individual pottery cups. cupcakes really exploded" with more cupcake-centric bakeries opening nationwide. are common on cupcakes. there were two different uses for the name cup cake orcupcake. and "pound cake" uses a weight measurement. The earliest documentation of the term cupcake was in “Seventy-five Receipts for Pastry. and four eggs. cupcake shops like Magnolia Bakery gained publicity in their appearances on popular television shows like HBO's Sex and the City. In the early 21st century. who has been blogging about cupcakes since 2004 at Cupcakes Take the Cake. they were more commonly baked in tins as layers or loaves. television presenter Martha Stewart published a cook book dedicated to cupcakes. The other kind of "cup cake" referred to a cake whose ingredients were measured by volume. ramekins. "cup cake" uses a volume measurement. so called because they are made up of four ingredients: one cup of butter. The names of these two major classes of cakes were intended to signal the method to the baker. frosting and other cake decorations. and Sweetmeats” in 1828 in Eliza Leslie's Receipts cookbook. these recipes became known as 1234 cakes or quarter cakes. a trend for cupcake shops was reported in the United States. three cups of flour. [3][4] They are plain yellow cakes. when a recipe notation of "a cake to be baked in small cups" was written in American Cookery by Amelia Simmons. playing off of the sense of nostalgia evoked by the cakes. they've become an industry. said in 2010 that "in the last two years or so. such as sprinkles. Recipes whose ingredients were measured using a standard-sized cup could also be baked in cups. [2] [1] In the early 19th century. instead of being weighed. History The first mention of the cupcake can be traced as far back as 1796. This is the use of the name that has remained. two cups of sugar. As with larger cakes. Cakes. they are traditionally smaller and are rarely topped with elaborate icing. however. [6] Cupcake recipes . In later years. due to using about half [3] as much butter and eggs compared to pound cake. The name "fairy cake" is a fanciful description of its size.Cupcake A cupcake (also British English: fairy cake. frequently baked in a small thin paper or aluminum cup. or molds and took their name from the cups they were baked in. which would be appropriate for a party of diminutive fairies to share. While English fairy cakes vary in size more than American cupcakes. before muffin tins were widely available. using a standard-sized cup. [5] Cupcakes have become more than a trend over the years. and the name of "cupcake" is now given to any small cake that is about the size of a teacup. In previous centuries. In New York City. Australian English: patty cake or cup cake) is a small cake designed to serve one person. In 2010.

sugar. round like a chocolate truffle. and flour. that is coated in chocolate. Finally.  A butterfly cake is a variant of cupcake. Then. this is usually accomplished by using a spoon or knife to scoop a small hole in the top of the cupcake. some bakers place standard cupcakes into a pattern and frost them to create a large design. For bakers making a small number of filled cupcakes.  [13] [11] [12] These are typically As an alternative to a plate of individual cakes. eggs. such as Crumbs Bake Shop. such as a basket of flowers or a turtle. Gourmet cupcakes are large and filled cupcakes. such as Tiramisu or Cappuccino. [7][8][9][10] also called fairy cake for its fairy-like "wings". formed from crumbled cake mixed with frosting. [11] They can be made from any flavor of cake. The cake batter used for cupcakes may be flavored or have other ingredients stirred in. Variants  A "cake in a mug" is a variant that gained popularity on many internet cooking forums and mailing lists. The technique uses a mug as its cooking vessel and can be done in a microwave oven. The recipe often takes fewer than five minutes to prepare. Cupcakes may be topped with frosting or other cake decorations. or chocolate chips.A standard cupcake uses the same basic ingredients as standard-sized cakes: butter. The top of the fairy cake is cut off or carved out with a spoon.  A gourmet cupcake is a somewhat recent variant of cupcake. based around a variety of flavor themes. Because their small size is more efficient for heat conduction. nuts. whipped cream or other sweet filling (e. . the filling may be injected using a syringe. The wings of the cake are often decorated using icing to form various patterns. In recent years there has been an upcropping of stores that sell only gourmet cupcakes in metropolitan areas. In commercial bakeries. berries. jam) is spread into the hole. They may be filled with frosting or pastry cream.  A cake ball is an individual portion of cake. such as raisins. butter cream.g. Nearly any recipe that is suitable for a layer cake can be used to bake cupcakes. and cut in half. rather than being baked as a sphere. cupcakes bake much faster than a normal layered cake. the two cut halves are stuck into the butter cream to look like butterfly wings.

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