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Plate Roofs
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Concrete Folded
Plate Roofs
C B Wilby
PhD, BSc, CEng, FICE, FIStructE
Consultant and Emeritus Professor
The University of Bradford, UK
ELSEVIER
BUTrERWORTH
HEINEMANN
A M S T E R D A M 9 BOSTON
9 HEIDELBERG
PARIS 9 SAN DIEGO
9 SAN F R A N C I S C O "
9 LONDON
SINGAPORE
9 NEW Y O R K ~ OXFORD
9 SYDNEY
9 TOKYO
Elsevier Butterw0rthHeinemann
........
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First published 1998
Transferred to Digital Printing 2005
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To Jean, Charles (Anthony), Chris, Mark and Dr I. Khwaja
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Contents
List of plates
Preface
Disclaimer of warranty and conditions of sale
Acknowledgements
Nomenclature
1
ix
xi
xiv
x~
xvii
Practicalities
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
Uses
Advantages and disadvantages
Practical types
Design and analysis
Units of measurement
References
Analysis used for the design tables
References
3
Factors used in the design tables
10
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
10
13
16
16
18
21
21
23
Types of folded plates used in the design tables
Loading
Buckling of plates
Thickness of plates
Concrete and cover to reinforcement
Reinforcement
Notes on tables
References
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
viii
4
Examples of the use of design tables
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Introduction
Type UUEB
Type CUUEB
Type CUUEB but with many more plates
Type PUEB
Type UDEB
End stiffener beam
Folded plates continuous in both directions
Temperature movement and stresses
Shrinkage stresses
References
24
24
24
31
41
41
46
46
47
47
47
49
Construction
50
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
50
50
51
56
Protection of concrete
Insulation
Wall cladding
Chamfers and arrises
Appendices: Desig n tables for concrete folded plate roofs
57
Design tables for folded plates types UUEB
Design tables for folded plates types PUEB
Design tables for folded plates types CUUEB
Design tables for folded plates types CPUEB
Design tables for folded plates types UDEB
Design tables for folded plates types PDEB
Design tables for folded plates types CUDEB
Design tables for folded plates types CPDEB
Design tables for folded plates types UEC
Design tables for folded plates types CUEC
58
79
100
121
142
167
192
229
264
270
Index
277
List of plates
Plate 1 Folded plate roofs for a teacher training college, Leeds, Yorkshire, UK. Each of the
vaults shown is 3.35 m (11 ft) wide by 19.84 m (65 ft) span, whilst similar vaults over the gymnasium nearby are of 21.85 m (71 ft 8 in). The plates are 102 mm (4 in) thick. The columns are
held together at their heads, at the gables, by 229 mm (9 in) wide by 152 mm (6 in) deep posttensioned prestressed concrete ties. These were designed by the author.
Hate 2
Turin Exhibition Hall, Italy, designed by EL. Nervi.
Hate 3
Sears Store, Tampa, Florida, USA. (Courtesy of Portland Cement Association, USA.)
Plate 4
Air terminal, Minneapolis, USA. (Courtesy of Portland Cement Association, USA.)
Plate 5
School in Albuquerque, USA. (Courtesy of Portland Cement Association, USA.)
Plate 6
Swimming pool, Nottingham, UK. (Courtesy of Charles A. Wilby.)
Plate 7
Entrance to Bradford College, Yorkshire, UK.
Plate 8
High School, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA. (Courtesy of Portland Cement Association,
USA.)
Plate 9
Bank in Colorado, USA. (Courtesy of Portland Cement Association, USA.)
Plate 10 Chemical works, ICI Hyde, Cheshire, UK. These are reinforced concrete barrel vault
roofs but show precast concrete lights comprising glass lenses framed in reinforced concrete
which can be similarly used for folded plates. The wall lighting was similar so that no painting
maintenance was envisaged as this was difficult to organise in the works' very short holiday.
Plate 11 These are the folded plates to the gymnasium mentioned in the caption to Plate 1.
They show roof lighting similar to that shown in Plate 10 and similar end gable wall lighting.
Plate 12
Restaurant, Novato, California, USA. (Courtesy of Mark Stainburn Wilby.)
x
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
Plate 13 St Paul's Church, Lorrimore Square, Walworth, London, UK. (Courtesy of British
Cement Association, Crowthorne, Berkshire, UK.)
Plate 14 Nuestra Sefiora del Rosario High School, Spain. (Courtesy of British Cement
Association, Crowthorne, Berkshire, UK.)
Plate 15 IBM Pavilion, Brussels Exhibition, Belgium. (Courtesy of British Cement
Association, Crowthorne, Berkshire, UK.)
Plate 16 American Concrete Institute Office, Detroit, Michigan, USA. The folded plates were
114 mm (4.5 in) thick. (Courtesy of British Cement Association, Crowthorne, Berkshire, UK.)
Plate 17 Sonoma Development Centre, Eldridge, California, USA. (Courtesy of Mark
Stainburn Wilby.)
Plate 18
Coventry Pedestrian Precinct, UK.
Preface
Folded plates are sometimes called hipped plates and, in Germany, Faltwerke. The principle was
first used in Germany by Ehlers, in 1924, not for roofs but for large coal bunkers, and Ehlers published a paper on their structural analysis in 1930. Then, in 1932 Gruber published an analysis in
German. In the next few years many Europeans Craemer, Ohlig, Girkmann and Vlasov (1939)
amongst them  made contributions to this subject. However, the European theories were generally too complex and arduous for design use.
Since about 1945, simplified methods have been developed in the USA by Winter and Pei
(1947), Gaafar (1953), Simpson (1958), by Whitney (1959) adapting the method by Girkmann,
and by Parme (1960). In 1974, Professor Haas told the author that, in mainland Europe, 'we go
by Girkmann (1948)'. In addition, Yitzhaki (1959) of Israel had a book published in English
depicting his analysis of folded plates.
The ASCE Task Committee on Folded Plate Construction, 1963, recommended a modified
version of Gaafar's method for design office use. Before 1963, the author was using Gaafar's
method for designing folded plates. Then, from 1963, he taught MSccourse students the methods of Gaafar, then Simpson, and then, when it became easy to solve simultaneous equations on
a new inhouse desk top computer, Parme. In addition, some of the students wrote computer programs for Parme's method. With Parme's kind permission and his assurance that his method was
correct, as it had been checked by computer, the author reproduced his method as it gives
directly simultaneous equations that can quickly be solved by computer in two of his general
books for students of concrete structures and materials, published by NewnesButterworths then
Cambridge University Press.
The present book considers schemes of folded plates of practical use to designers for coveting
large or small areas economically and gives design tables that can be used easily and quickly
without the designers actually needing to know how to analyse folded plates. Examples are given
on the use of the tables. These examples are produced for those using USA (British Imperial) as
well as SI units. The text gives the designer practical information on construction, materials, insulation, weather proofing, etc., useful for these types of roofs.
The book is similar to the author's book Concrete Shell Roofs (coauthored with Dr I. Khwaja,
Elsevier, 1977), which gives design tables for cylindrical shell roofs, and his book Reinforced
Concrete Conoidal Shell Roofs (coauthored with Dr M.M. Naqvi, Chapman & Hall, 1973),
which gives design tables for conoidal shell roofs, and his book Concrete Dome Roofs (Longman,
1993), which gives design tables for domes. The book Design Graphs for Concrete Shell Roofs,
xii
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
also by the author (Elsevier, 1980), similarly helps the designer, in this case using graphs instead
of tables.
There are different opinions on what should be taught in the way of design and design office
work in undergraduate and graduate courses. Some civil engineers after graduation only spend a
few months to one year on structural concrete design in practice and are therefore restricted to
simple designs, beams, slabs and columns, and it may be that their employer does not have any
more complex designs at that time. For these reasons designers with many years experience may
never design folded plates or shells, particularly as some offices would only entrust perhaps a certain individual to specialise in such designs. Therefore, the author considers that it is desirable for
students to learn some of their basic reinforced concrete detailing by having the opportunity they
may never get in practice, of designing folded plate structures, domes or other shell roofs using
the design tables or graphs mentioned in the author's previous books.
Traditionally, one is supposed to tackle difficult topics in a degree course. Many years ago an
eminent Professor said that one should not teach anything on a degree course that could subsequently easily be acquired. This is a rather severe statement but has a recognisable ideology.
However, the principal market for this book will be practical designers and their libraries and the
libraries of universities and technological institutions around the world.
Folded plate roofs enable roofs of durability, large spans for reinforced concrete, clean lines,
and they are aesthetically pleasing to many architects.
There does not seem to be a book particularly useful to modern practical designers devoted
entirely to folded plate roofs and giving design tables that can be used without the designer having to spend a long time endeavouring to study the necessary complex basic theories/analyses.
This book provides this service and it indicates that any code of practice might be used internationally. This is done by giving examples using British and USA (ACI) Codes. Although the book
uses SI units throughout, it provides adequately for those using British Imperial/USA units.
The author has had a similar experience here to when he wrote his book on domes. The examples are long and those published that can be followed through in complete detail are few. In addition, when one studies some of them in detail one finds mistakes. The author thought it would be
just a matter of programming known technology and producing tables which, from his considerable practical experience, he considered to be useful to practical designers. In fact, the author
considers that the only example in the past literature which is definitely correct is the one by H.
Simpson, because the same example was solved by G.G. Goble using his method and was also
solved by E. Traum using yet another method, the agreement in the results being very good. In
addition, the author has supervised many parttime MSc students designing folded plates of differing dimensions using Simpson's method.
In writing this book, the author used a program kindly lentby a colleague, then used one he
wrote himself for Parme's method but could not get the results to agree with Simpson's. He spent
an enormous amount of time trying to solve this discrepancy and eventually sent his observations
to the Portland Cement Association of the USA, but they had inadequate staff to allocate to this
problem. The author then spent another immense amount of time trying to find the trouble. He
feels that Parme is very capable and his theoretical work is probably absolutely correct, but it
does result in numerous very long equations and, in being reproduced in the PSA Bulletins, it only
needs a small error somewhere to upset everything. The author considers he has found some of
these errors.
In an attempt to find a different method, the author approached Dr I. Khwaja a former colleague at Bradford University, who is now in London where he has been working in Building
Control for many years who once wrote a program based on Gibson's method for some folded
plate design tables, which the author published in Concrete for Structural Engineers (Newnes
Preface
xiii
Butterworths, 1977) and which checked with Simpson's example. Dr I. Khwaja very kindly wrote
another program directly dealing with plates and, eventually, this checked accurately with examples by Simpson, Yitzhaki (his book), Thadani (Indian Concrete Journal, 1957) and J. Born (his
book, Crosby Lockwood) and was used for the tables of this book. The author is greatly indebted
to Dr Khwaja for his kind help.
Professor C.B. Wilby
Harrogate and Scarborough, North Yorkshire, UK
Disclaimer of warranty and
conditions of sale
Neither the author nor the publisher nor Dr I. Khwaja nor anyone else who assisted the author
makes any warranty, express or implied, that the calculation methods, procedures and programs
included and/or used in this book are free from error. The application of these methods and procedures is at the users' own risk and the author and publisher disclaim all liability for damages,
whether direct, incidental or consequential, arising from such application or from any other use
of this book.
The cost of this book is insignificant compared with the designer's fee and responsibility for
designs which he or she might make using this book.
This book shall only be sold, lent, or hired, for profit, trade, or otherwise, in its original binding, except where special permission has been granted by the publishers. Whilst care is taken in
selecting authors who are authoritative in their subjects, it is emphasised that their books can
reflect their knowledge only up to the time of writing. Information can be superseded and
printer's errors can creep in. This book is sold, therefore, on the condition that neither the publisher nor the author nor anyone who has assisted the author can be held legally responsible for
the consequences of any error or omission.
Acknowledgements
The author is tremendously indebted to Dr I. Khwaja, previously of Bradford University and then
Building Control in London, for his programming help, with the production of the design tables
and for his generous help and discussions of complex problems over many years.
The author is also indebted for the most useful help, kindly and pleasantly given, by Anne
Costigan of the Bradford University Library, and to the Library itself.
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Nomenclature
B, F0, F1, F2, F3, M0, M1, M2, M3: see Section 3.7. Note that 0 refers to the outside face and
not the top of the beam for all propped beam cases.
C = compression force
d = depth of edge beam
E = Young's modulus for concrete
h = sloping width of plate
I = second moment of area of section
l = length of simply supported span
L = span of folded plate
M = bending moment
t = thickness of plate
T = tension force
w = load per unit length
X = unknown distance
t~e, Ogt~Xl, Zl, K are explained in Section 4.2.2
0 = angle of principal stress
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1
Practicalities
1.1
Uses
Folded plates have been used on various buildings, for instance storage buildings, swimming
pools, gymnasia, offices, centres, entrances to buildings and tunnels  for examples see Plates
118. Sometimes industrialists like to have the facility to hang unpredicted miscellaneous light
loads from anywhere under a roof and regard the structural steelwork as inherently providing this
facility. Because of this requirement the author designed the shells shown in Plate 10 to have a
network of numerous cadmiumplated steel bolts placed through holes in the shells and through
steel anchorage plates of 152 mm (6 in) square on the top surface of the shells. Each bolt protruded out of the soffit of the shell so that just about anything could be screwed on to it at some
future date. The nuts and plates were covered with a 50 mm (2 in) layer of vermiculite insulation
on the top of the shell, waterproofed with three layers of builtup roofing felt. This facility can
similarly be applied to the plates of folded plate roofs.
1.2 Advantages and disadvantages
Because they are of concrete, such roofs have inherent resistance to fire, deterioration and to
atmospheric corrosion. They allow large spans to be achieved in structural concrete. This allows
flexibility of planning and mobility beneath. Where ground conditions require expensive piled
foundations the reduced number of supporting columns can be an economic advantage. For large
spans in structural concrete folded plates compete with barrel vault roofs. The plates are required
to be thicker than the shells, and there are more firms who will tackle constructing them without
excessive prices, increasing competition and sometimes making the cost more competitive than
for cylindrical shells.
In the UK there are firms specialising in shuttering (formwork), which are very skilled at
curved shuttering, and the author has experienced a contract where letting out the curved shuttering to a specialist was no more expensive than the price we were charging for the nearby flat shuttering at a lesser height. However, in the author's experience in the UK, there are many contractors inexperienced at curved work who will happily quote for folded plates. For example, many
smaller firms with less overheads will compete for folded plates but not shell roofs.
Some architects prefer the aesthetics of folded plates to curved shell roofs. Folded plates provide good quality robust roofs. They are, however, usually more expensive than roofs much
lighter in weight comprising roof sheeting (even heavier wood wool slabs with a thin
2
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
sand/cement screed and three layers of builtup roofing felt, the top layer being mineral finished)
supported by purlins and frames of structural concrete.
1.3
Practical types
Plate 118 show various folded plates. Figure 1.1 shows a useful system of folded plates, and
Fig. 1.2 shows the crosssection of a type of folded plate roof commonly analysed in USA publications (e.g. Refs 1.1 and 1.2). Figure 1.3 shows a 'trough' type which, for long spans, accommodates the reinforcement in the valleys more easily. Figures 1.4 and 1.5 show two Northlight
types. The slope of the glazing of a Northlight depends upon one's latitude, theoretically tending
from 90 ~ at the equator to 0 ~ at the poles.
Figure 1.6 shows a similar profile to Fig. 1.1. For longer spans, sometimes the profiles of Figs
1.7, 1.8 and 1.9 are preferred to the profiles of Figs 1.5, 1.6 and 1.1 respectively.
In the cases of Figs 1.1, 1.3, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8 and 1.9, the end valleys usefully provide gutters
for rainfall. If there is a wall beneath an end valley a suitable joint will be necessary to allow the
valley to deflect in accordance with its design and so as not to damage the wall below, which
might be of brickwork, concrete blockwork, glazing, glass screening, timber, etc.s This joint needs
to be weathertight against horizontal winddriven rain in, for example, the UK, and no doubt
against winddriven sand or dust in certain hotter climates. This deflection problem can be dealt
with alternatively by propping the end valley with a row of columns as shown in Fig. 1.10. This
also reduces the reinforcement required at this fold. The columns are best when beneath vertical
edge beams such as shown in Figs 1.2 and 1.5 to 1.10 for structural and reinforcement detailing
considerations.
1.4 Design and analysis
Folded plates are sometimes called hipped plates and, in Germany, Faltwerke. The principle was
first used in Germany by Ehlers, in 1924, not for roofs but for large coal bunkers and he published
a paper on the structural analysis in 1930. Then, in 1932 Gruber published an analysis in German.
Fig. 1.1
30
10 °
lm
6[
~~~oo
i
mm
Fig. 1.2
'
/
Fig. 1.3
Fig. 1.4
Fig. 1.5
2
4
0
Fig. 1.6
Fig. 1.7
Fig. 1.8
Fig. 1.9
Practicalities
5
End stiffener beam
Fig. 1.10
In the next few years many Europeans Craemer, Ohlig, Girkmann and Vlasov (1939) amongst
t h e m  made contributions to this subject. The European theories were generally complex and
arduous for designer use. Since about 1945 simplified methods have been developed in the USA
by Winter and Pei (1947), Gaafar (1953), Ref. 1.3, Simpson (1958), Ref. 1.4, by Whitney (1959)
adapting the method by Girkmann, by Traum (1959), Ref. 1.5, by Parme (1960), Ref. 1.6, and by
Goble (1964), Ref. 1.7. In 1974, Professor Haas, of the Netherlands, told the author that in mainland Europe 'we go by Girkmann (1948)'. Also Yitzhaki (1959) of Israel had a book published in
English depicting his analysis of folded plates. The ASCE Task Committee on Folded Plate
Construction, 1963, recommended a modified version of Gaafar's method for design office use.
Before 1963, the author used Gaafar's method for designing folded plates. Then, from 1963, he
taught MSc students the methods of Gaafar, then Simpson, and then, when it was easy to solve
simultaneous equations on a new inhouse desktop computer, Parme (Wilby 1983), Ref. 1.8. As
a consequence, some of the students wrote computer programs for Parme's method. The author
has since written to the PSA throwing doubt on Parme's method as he cannot get it to agree with
the example by Simpson, with which Traum and Goble agree.
Methods suitable for computers can be found in works by Goldberg et al. (1957, 1964), Refs
1.9 and 1.10, Thadani (1957) and Tamhankar and Jain (1965), Refs 1.11 and 1.12, Gibson and
Gardner (1965), Ref. 1.13, and Lo and Scordelis (1969), Ref. 1.14.
The present book considers schemes of folded plates of practical use to designers for covering
large or small areas economically and gives design tables that can be used easily and quickly
without the designers needing to know how to analyse folded plates. Examples are given on the
use of the tables for designers to follow. These examples are produced for those using USA
(British Imperial) as well as SI units. The book is similar to the author's book Ref. 1.15 which
gives design tables for domes, his book Ref. 1.16, which gives design tables for cylindrical shell
roofs and his book Ref. 1.17, which gives design tables for conoidal shell roofs. The book by the
author Ref. 1.18 helps the designer similarly but with graphs instead of tables.
6
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
1.5
Units of measurement
The units used in this book are SI and U S A (British Imperial). To help readers internationally
conversions are given in Table 1.1.
Table 1.1
British Imperial
USA
1 ton
2000 lb
0.9843 ton
1 lb
1000 lb
1 in
1 ft
1 lb/ft
1 lb/in 2
1 lb/in 2
1000 lb/in 2
1000 lb/in 2
I lb/ft 2
1 lb/ft 2
1 ton/ft 2
1 ton/ft 2
1 lb/ft 3
1 long ton
1 short ton
2205 lb
1 lb
1 kip
1 in
1 ft
1 lb/ft
1 psi
1 psi
1000 psi
1 ksi
1 lb/ft2
1 lb/ft 2
2240 psf
2240 psf
1 lb/ft3
SI
9.964 kN
8.896 kN
9.807 kN
4.448 N
4.448 kN
25.4 mm
0.3048 m
14.58 N/m
6.895 kN/m 2
6.895 kPa
6.895 N/mm ~
6.895 MPa
0.04788 kN/m 2
47.88 Pa
107.3 kN/m 2
107.3 kPa
0.1571 kN/m 3
Metric
1016.0 kg
907.1 kg
1 tonne
0.4536 kg
453.6 k g
2.54 cm
30.48 cm
1.488 kg/m
0.07031 kg/cm 2
0.07031 kg/cm 2
70.31 kg/cm 2
70.31 kg/cm 2
4.882 kg/m 2
4.882 kg/m 2
10940 kg/m 2
10940 kg/m 2
16.02 kg/m 3
Notes:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
psf = lb/sq.ft.
Pa = Pascal = N/m2.
Use in some European countries: 1 tonne = 1000 kg.
The terms 'force' and 'mass' have not been used above, and acceleration due to gravity = 9.807 m/sL
German literature for a short period before the use of SI units: 1 kilopond = 1 kg force and 1 Mp = 1 megapond = 1
metric tonne force = 1000 kg force (this information courtesy of Professor H. Reiffenstuhl of Austria).
References
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
Billington, D.P. (1965) Thin Concrete Shell Structures, McGrawHill, N e w York, USA.
R a m a s w a m y , G.S. (1984) Design and Construction of Concrete Shell Roofs, Krieger,
Malabar, Florida, USA.
Gaafar, I. (1953) Hipped plate analysis considering joint displacements, Proc Am Soc Civil
Engrs, April.
Simpson, H. (1958) Design of folded plate roofs, Proc Am Soc CAvilEngrs, January.
Traum, E. (1959) The design of folded plates, Proc Am Soc Civil Engrs, J Structural Div,
October.
Parme, A.L.L. (1960) Direct solution of folded plate concrete roofs, Advanced
Engineering Bulletin 3, Portland Cement Association, USA.
Goble, G.G. (1964) Analysis of folded plate structures, Proc Am Soc Civil Engrs, J
Structural Div, February.
Wilby, C.B. (1983) Concrete Materials and Structures, Cambridge University Press,
Cambridge, UK, and New York, USA.
Practicalities
1.9
1.10
1.11
1.12
1.13
1.14
1.15
1.16
1.17
1.18
7
Goldberg, J.E. and Leve, H.L. (1957) Theory of prismatic plate structures, Int Ass Bridge
and Structural Engg.
Goldberg, J.E., Glauz, W.D. and Setlur, A.V. (1964) Computer analysis of folded plate
structures, Int Ass Bridge and Structural Engg, Rio de Janeiro.
Thadani, B.N. (1957) The analysis of hipped plate structures by influence coefficients,
Indian Concrete J, April.
Tamhankar, M.G. and Jain, R.D. (1965) Computer analysis of folded plates, Indian
Concrete J, October.
Gibson, J.E. and Gardner, N.J. (1965) Investigation of multifolded plate structures, Proc
Inst Civil Engrs, May.
Lo, K.S. and Scordelis, A.C. (1969) Finite segment analysis of folded plates, Proc Am Soc
Civil Engrs, J Structural Div, May.
Wilby, C.B. (1993) Concrete Dome Roofs, Longman Scientific and Technical, London,
and John Wiley, New York.
Wilby, C.B. and Khwaja, I. (1977) Concrete Shell Roofs, Applied Science Publishers,
London.
Wilby, C.B. and Naqvi, M.M (1973) Reinforced Concrete Conoidal Shell Roofs, Cement
& Concrete Association, London.
Wilby, C.B. (1980) Design Graphs for Concrete Shell Roofs, Applied Science Publishers,
London.
2
Analysis used for the design tables
The author published some very limited design tables in Ref. 2.1. These were produced by his
colleague Dr I. Khwaja writing computer programs to solve the analytical method suggested by
Gibson, Ref. 2.2 as his 'degenerate theory'. This theory uses cylindrical shell theory and flattens
out these shells (degenerates them) and tilts them to make systems of folded plates. For the cylindrical shell theory, Dr Khwaja used the very accurate, comprehensive and complex DJK elastic
analysis, Ref. 2.3.
Then the author programmed Parme's method, Ref. 2.4, but could not obtain results which
agreed with the example given by Simpson, Ref. 2.5. Simpson's example must be correct as it
was also solved by different methods by Traum, Ref. 2.6, and Goble, Ref. 2.7. The program written by Khwaja, however, based on Gibson's method, agreed with Simpson's example.
Scordelis, Ref. 2.8 has examined various theories for folded plate structures, including the
classical plate theory, and has confirmed their validity by confirming the experimental and theoretical results obtained from the investigation of a multifoldedplate structure made from light
alloy sheet. Gibson, Ref. 2.9 compared the theoretical results using his 'degenerate theory' with
those of Scordelis for the same structure and found that agreement was excellent. Further agreement between this 'degenerate theory' and experimental values from a test on a different type of
folded plate structure was found by Gibson (1968) and he concluded that stress analysis using
this 'degenerate theory' yields results equal to those of the classical elastic theory.
After an immense amount of work finding some mistakes in Parme's publication, the results
still did not agree with Simpson's example and unfortunately the author had intended using
Parme's method to produce the tables for this book. The author approached Dr Khwaja to see if
he still had his program based on Gibson's method. After several complications, Dr Khwaja was
kind enough to write a program he devised for plates, not 'Gibson degenerated shells', and this
eventually checked Simpson's example (which agrees with the methods of Traum, Ref. 2.6 and
Goble, Ref. 2.7) and examples given in books by Yitzhaki of Israel and J. Born and by Thanani
(Ref. 2.10), the ASCE Committee Report (Ref. 2.11), Meek (Ref. 2.12) and Gaafar (Ref. 2.13).
The tables have kindly been produced by Dr Khwaja who has worked, on and off, on shell structures with the author for about three decades, and in whom the author has great confidence. He is
the author's coauthor of Ref. 2.14 and was tremendously helpful in producing Ref. 2.15.
The author has worked with shell structures continuously, amongst other activities concerning
plain, reinforced and prestressed concrete, since 1952.
Analysis used for the design tables
9
References
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.13
2.14
2.15
Wilby,C.B. (1977) Concrete for Structural Engineers, NewnesButterworths, London.
Gibson,J.E. and Gardner, N.J. (1965) Investigation of multifolded plate structures, Proc
Inst Civil Engrs, May.
Jenkins,R.S. (1947) Theory and design of cylindrical shell structures, O.N. Arup Group of
Consulting Engineers, London.
Wilby, C.B. (1983) Concrete Materials and Structures, Cambridge University Press,
Cambridge, UK, and New York, USA.
Simpson,H. (1958) Design of folded plate roofs, Proc Am Soc Civil Engrs, January.
Traum,E. (1959) The design of folded plates, Proc Am Soc Civil Engrs, J Structural Div,
October.
Goble, G.G. (1964) Analysis of folded plate structures, Proc Am Soc Civil Engrs, J
Structural Div, February.
Scordelis,A.C. (1961) Experimental and analytical study of folded plate structures, Proc
Am Soc Civil Engrs, December.
Gibson,J.E. (1968) The Design of Shell Roofs, Spon, London.
Thadani, B.N. (1957) The analysis of hipped plate structures by influence coefficients,
Indian Concrete J, April.
ASCE Committee Report (1964) J Structural Division, February.
Meek (1963) ASCE, J Structural Division, June.
Gaafar,I. (1953) Hipped plate analysis considering joint displacements, Proc Am Soc Civil
Engrs, April.
Wilby, C.B. and Khwaja, I. (1977) Concrete Shell Roofs, Applied Science Publishers,
London.
Wilby,C.B. (1980) Design Graphs for Concrete Shell Roofs, Applied Science Publishers,
London.
3
Factors used in the design tables
3.1
Types of folded plates used in the design tables
Folded plates of the crosssection shown in Fig. 1.6 are very useful as they are simple to construct, can span considerable distances and cover large or small areas. Their upstanding edge
beams and internal valleys provide gutters for rainfall drainage and, if they are to be propped with
columns, as in Fig. 1.10, the vertical edge beams are good for local structural, deflection and reinforcement reasons.
In the UK it is not common to provide roofing beyond the walls of a building, as can be the case
for folded plates with a crosssection as shown in Fig. 1.1; presumably it is considered to be
wasteful of the restricted builtup areas allowed by planning authorities. In France, for example,
it is quite common to shield external walls by roof overhangs; seemingly to give shade to windows and, by shielding the external walls from rain, to allow them to be less weather resistant and
therefore inexpensive. For example, walls of about 225 mm (9 in) width would often comprise
burnt clay hollow blocks set in mortar with no continuous cavity, whereas in the UK the wall
would commonly be of 280 mm (11 in) brickwork with a continuous 50 mm (2 in) cavity.
Although folded plates mainly seem to have natural lighting via the walls of the building and
sometimes their gables, supplemented by suspended artificial lighting, glass lenses can be cast
into the plates if necessary, often using precast panels, with reinforced concrete between the glass
lenses. The reinforcement can be designed to give at least the strength required at their locality.
When lenses are cast into the folded plates, which are usually at least 100 mm (4 in) thick, the
glass lenses can be undesirably thick when they are the thickness of the plate.
Alternatively, circular or rectangular openings can be provided bounded with kerbs strong
enough to make up for the strength loss locally due to the opening, to carry glazing (Fig. 3.1),
transparent plastic domes (Fig. 3.2), or precast slabs (panels) of reinforced concrete containing
lenses (Fig. 3.3).
Many shells were designed in the UK where openings for this type of lighting, up to 1.219 rn
(4 ft) maximum dimension, were used without altering the structural design of the shells,
although at that time it would not have been possible to cater for the holes in the roof in the analysis. In addition, the openings in a shell were not to exceed 9% of the plan area. They must be
placed so that clear transverse bands of concrete are left between them, and shells up to 9.144 m
(30 ft) width were restricted to two, and shells over that width to four, longitudinal rows of lights.
Figures 3.4 and 3.5 show examples of the former and latter respectively for folded plates. The
author suggests that this experience, which was found satisfactory for cylindrical shells, should
be acceptable for folded plates.
t,,w,,t
e~
k~
QP
Fig. 1.2
Fig. 1.2
12
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
Fig. 3.3
Fig. 3.4
The surrounds to the openings need to be reinforced so as to make up for the longitudinal and
transverse reinforcement discontinued by the openings but required by the structural analysis and
otherwise, as one would reinforce the surrounds of an opening made in a twoway spanning slab.
Nominal corner bars are useful to resist local stresses at corners, as shown in photoelastic tests,
but are not evaluated in analyses.
Ventilation can be provided by various types of ventilators using modest holes to accommodate
them in the plates. Alternatively, some glazing can incorporate ventilation devices, or ventilation
is arranged through the walls below, or in the gables.
Electrical conduits for lighting or operating fans or ventilators can be fastened to the soffits of
the plates after construction. Alternatively, they can be cast in the plates, or bedded in, say, a 50
mm (2 in) vermiculite or a 25 mm (1 in) thick cork board insulation on top of the plates, and
brought through the plate where required to either a fitment or a junction box.
Design tables are given in the Appendices of this book, and each Appendix commences with a
figure showing the type of folded plate to which its tables refer.
Factors used in the design tables
13
18.288 rn (60 ft)
. . . . . . . . .
1q
/
Apex
i!
r!
i IJ
J i
r]
r~
r!
/
[~
I.... I
[q
[q
F'l
Iq
r'3
I '"i
rq
I
i
7
05
I
\/
20 No. 1.219 m (4 ft) by 0.610 rn (2 ft) lights
Fig. 3.5
3.2 Loading
First, there is the loading due to the self weight of the reinforced concrete folded plate roof and
its various thickenings as shown on the drawings. This loading is included in the calculations for
the tables of this book using a density for reinforced concrete of 24 kN/m 3 (152.8 lb/ft3).
There are also other dead loads due to finishes to consider and there is the live snow load. With
regard to finishes, the author has used  and believes that most shells (including folded plates) in
the British Isles h a v e  three layers of builtup roofing felt (the top one being mineral finished) on
top of either 25 mm (1 in) thick cork board or 50 mm (2 in) thick vermiculite lightweight concrete.
The soffit (i.e. the underside) of the shell or folded plate can be painted or plastered then painted.
British practice, Ref. 3.1, has, for many years, taken snow load (which includes loading due to
cleaning and repair) as 0.75 kPa (15.66 psf) measured on plan area for roofs inclined at less than
30 ~ to the horizontal. This has been overcome by the Department of Environment Building
Regulations of 1994, which require the folded plates used in the tables of this book to take snow
load (which includes loading due to cleaning and repair) as 1.0 kPa (20.89 psf) multiplied by the
plan area of the roof. In the tables of this book the plates are inclined at 28 ~ to the horizontal, so
the equivalent snow load is 0.883 kPa (18.44 psf) multiplied by the sloping area of the roof.
Consequently, this value can be added to the self weight of the plate and its finishes.
For North America, roofs experiencing the most severe snow loads are in Canada. The author
is indebted to Professor John Christian (previously of the Universities of Bradford and
Newfoundland) for the information which follows on snow loads on roofs in Canada. The
National Building Code of Canada, 1975, gives a map specifying snow loads on the ground as
basic pressures to which the design of roofs should be related in various locations of Canada.
Extracts from this map are approximately as follows.
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
Calgary 20 psf (0.958 kPa) increasing to 120 psf (5.75 kPa) towards the Rocky Mountains.
Ottawa 60 psf (2.87 kPa).
Quebec 84 psf (4.02 kPa).
St John's, Newfoundland, 30 to 40 psf (1.44 to 1.92 kPa) increasing to 120 psf (5.75 kPa)
towards North Labrador.
(e) Toronto 40 psf (1.92 kPa).
14
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
(f) Montreal 54 psf (2.59 kPa).
(g) Northern and Eastern parts of Canada generally up to about 100 psf (4.79 kPa).
(h) Generally less towards the USA, but still as great as 80 psf (3.83 kPa) at the USA/Canada
border in the Rocky Mountains.
In the USA there is, for example, 80 psf (3.83 kPa) in the Rocky Mountains next to Canada, but
also there are parts of the country that never experience snow.
As regards the snow loads for which roofs should be designed, these would normally be 0.8
times the above values of 'ground snow loads' specified for North America, according to the
National Building Code of Canada.
For the USA, Ref. 3.2 incorporates a map, also given in Ref. 3.3, of the USA giving 'snow
loads in pounds per square foot on the ground, 50 year mean recurrence interval'. This map
excludes zones that, seemingly, include the Rocky Mountains, saying that these areas must base
their snow loads on analyses of local climate and topography. Otherwise, the map gives zones
ranging from 5 to 80 psf (0.24 to 3.83 kPa). These are useful if local codes, preferably based on
statistical studies over an extended period, are not available. However, a minimum loading of 20
psf (0.958 kPa) is specified to provide for snow and construction and repair loads.
Certain USA books take snow load (which includes loading due to cleaning and repair) for
folded plate roofs as 25 psf (1.197 kPa) of plan area, which is 1.057 kPa (22.08 psf) of sloping
area of the roof.
For the UK the following loading of sloping areas was considered:
Superimposed (i.e. snow and maintenance)
Roofing felt
50 mm vermiculite
Plaster and paint
0.883 kPa (18.4 psf)
(i.e. 1.0 kPa (20.89 psf) per plan area)
0.072
0.290
0.093
1.338 kPa (27.9 psf)
For the USA the following loading of sloping area was considered.
Superimposed (i.e. snow and maintenance)
Roofing felt
25 mm cork board
Plaster and paint
1.057 kPa (22.1 psf)
(i.e. 25 psf (1.197 kPa) per plan area)
0.072
0.060
0.093
1.282 kPa (26.8 psf)
It was considered that a useful loading for finishes, snow and maintenance to use in the tables of
this book is therefore 1.338 kPa (27.94 psf) multiplied by the sloping area of the roof. This means
that, for the USA, a possible loading of sloping area is, for example, as follows.
Superimposed (i.e. snow and maintenance)
Roofing felt
25 mm cork board
Plaster and paint
1.113 kPa.(23.2 psf)
(i.e. 26.34 psf (1.261 kPa) per plan area)
0.072 kPa (1.5 psf)
0.060 kPa (1.3 psf)
0.093 kPa (1.9 psf)
1.338 kPa (27.9 psf)
Factors used in the design tables
15
Alternatively, say, a possible loading of sloping area is as follows.
Superimposed (i.e. snow and maintenance)
Roofing felt
25 mm cork board
Paint
1.206 kPa
(i.e. 28.53
0.072 kPa
0.060 kPa
0.000
1.338 kPa
(25.1 psf)
psf (1.366 kPa) per plan area)
(1.5 psf)
(1.3 psf)
(27.9 psf)
Concerning loading due to wind, snow and maintenance the British Code of Practice, Ref. 3.1,
has been replaced by Ref. 3.4 which says that Ref. 3.1 can still be used as an alternative.
Taking a fairly worst case for the UK (namely Scotland) for a typical folded plate roof with the
plates inclined at 28 ~ to the horizontal (i.e. as per the design tables in this book) the author calculated using Ref. 3.1 a maximum suction of 2.306 kPa (48.2 psf). This will not overcome the
weight of, say, a 100 mm (4 in) plate weighing 2.36 kPa (49.3 psf) plus the weight of the finishes.
The maximum wind pressure on a plate was 0.384 kPa (8.02 psf). If it is considered that a strong
wind of this kind would remove any snow on the roof then the snow loading considered by the
design should be more than satisfactory to allow for this wind pressure. In addition, the snow load
in the design is not only greater but is on the whole roof, whereas the wind pressure is only on the
windward slopes, with the leeward slopes simultaneously having suction. The total snow load for
which the structure is designed is therefore far in excess of the possible downwards wind loading
and one would therefore imagine the tables to be conservative in this respect if the wind is
ignored. The designer may use the tables of this book and then check with his or her local Codes
of Practice for wind suctions and pressures and, if he or she considers it necessary, because of the
nonuniformity or excessive amount of these wind suctions and pressures, make an independent
analysis for their effect.
The only way the writer can imagine that a depth of snow of about 813 mm (2 ft 9 in) could
stay on a sloping roof if there were a powerful wind is for the sun to have melted the surface and
then the surface to have frozen into an ice sheet to protect the snow from blowing away. While
this has never been experienced by the writer (who has experienced considerable snow in his lifetime), the problem can be assessed by the designer for the location of the structure. The uniform
snow load assumed by the code (Ref. 3.1) is unusual (Refs 3.5 and 3.4) if there is any wind at all
when it is snowing, as wind causes the valleys to fill up and the ridges to be bare of snow.
The use of the code Ref. 3.4 is very complex for doubly pitched roofs as it considers various
small parts of the roof to have different snow and wind loadings. Fortunately, the code Ref. 3.1,
where the loading is uniform on each slope of a roof, can still be used.
Snow, maintenance and maximum wind loads are infrequent and exceedingly unlikely to occur
simultaneously. Codes of Practice often make allowances for the latter and also allow for the fact
that a short duration load is not as critical as a constant load, which, for example, is always there
to be carried and can cause long range creep.
Of course, in the USA, hurricanes and tornados are sometimes experienced. Fortunately the
latter are of low strength in the UK. Internationally, all sorts of wind and snow loadings occur and
are dealt with by local Codes of Practice.
It should be noted that, if any loading that can be considered as uniformly spread is greater than
that used by the tables in this book, then the tables can still be used to give a very approximate
idea of the stresses and moments in the plates by increasing those in the tables by the ratio of the
new total loading to the total loading used for the tables.
16
3.3
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
Buckling of plates
The buckling of plates is a topic that seems to have been ignored by previous works. A folded
plate will commonly span a considerable distance relative to its thickness and its top portion will
be in compression. For example, a plate 21.85 m (71.68 ft) long and 102 mm (4 in) thick has a
spantothickness ratio of 214 to 1. This compares unfavourably with ACI and British Codes of
Practice requiring lateral supports not to allow a spantothickness ratio greater than 50:1 and
60:1 respectively. Admittedly, one can say that the compression zone of a folded plate is like a
column with a continuous side support, as the main compression zone is near the top part of a
plate and this is restricted along its whole length by the next plate at the top. Also, reinforcement
is designed to resist transverse moments. So, seemingly, the only concern is web buckling due to
shear.
In the case of a plate supported on four sides and submitted to the action of shearing stresses
uniformly distributed along the sides, using Equation (194) on p. 227 of Ref. 3.6, taking Poisson's
ratio as 0.167 and L/h as greater than 3, the critical value of the shearing stress which may produce buckling of the plate is
4.568 E c (t/h)2
( 3.1 )
This should be a reasonably conservative assessment compared with subsequent complex analyses. For example, ifYoung's modulus is 13 790 MPa (2 000 000 psi), t = 102 mm (4 in) and the
critical value of the shearing stress which may produce buckling of the plate is limited to, say,
0.4827 MPa (70 psi), h is limited to 36.7 m (120.4 ft).
In producing the tables, the maximum shear stress is assessed for each plate and checked that
it is satisfactory by Equation (3.1). Again, this is conservative as this maximum shear stress does
not occur along all four sides and the sides are more fixed than free, that is, the plate is more
rigidly fixed at its supports than is assumed by the Timoshenko formula, Equation (3.1).
When there is an upstanding beam or a cantilever at the edge, the top extremity may need lateral support by struts of 100 mm (or 4 in) crosssection, as shown in Figs 1.10 and 3.6 at centres, according to the code of practice one is using for designing the compression zone of a long
slender rectangular beam. These struts could have four 10 mm (3/8 in) diameter bars, one in
each corner, with 20 mm (3/4 in) cover and nominal 6 mm (1/4 in) stirrups (links) at 300 mm
(12 in) centres.
For the spacing of these struts guided by ACI, Ref. 3.7, one might use:
50 t
(3.2)
Guided by Ref. 3.8, one might use the lesser of
60 t or 250 t:/h
3.4
(3.3)
Thickness of plates
A great many singly and doubly curved shells have been constructed in the UK with shells only
64 mm (2.5 in) thick. There seems no reason therefore why folded plates could not be constructed
as thin as this, bearing in mind that self weight is a large proportion of the total weight to be carried. The author has designed and constructed many 64 mm (2.5 in) thick shells and therefore
does not subscribe to the view of Billington, Ref. 3.9, that a plate thinner than 102 mm (4 in),
Plate 1 Folded plate roofs for a teacher training college, Leeds,
Yorkshire, UIC Each of the vaults shown is 3.35 m (11 ft) wide by
19.84 m (65 ft) span, whilst similar vaults over the gymnasium
nearby are of 21.85 m (71 ft 8 in) span. The plates are 102 mm
(4 in) thick. The columns are held together at their heads, at the
gables, by 229 mm (9 in) wide by 152 mm (6 in) deep posttensioned prestressed concrete ties. These were designed by the
author.
Plate 2 Turin Exhibition Hall, Italy, designed by P.L Nervi.
Plate $ Sears Store, Tampa, Florida, USA (courtesy of Portland Cement Association, USA).
Plate 4 Air terminal, Minneapolis, USA (courtesy of Portland Cement Association, USA).
Plate 5 School in Albuquerque, USA (courtesy of Portland Cement Association, USA).
Plate 6 S~imming pool, Nottingham, UK (courtesy of Charles A.Wilby).
Plate 7 Entrance to Bradfi,rd College, M,rkshire, UK.
Plate 8 High School, Scottsdale, Arizona. USA (courtesy of Portland Cement Association, USA).
Plate 9 Bank in Colorado, USA (courtesy of Portland Cement Association, USA).
l ~ t e !0 Chemical works, ICI Hyde, Cheshire, UK. These are reinforced
concrete barrel vault roofs but show precast concrete lights comprising glass
lenses framed in reinforced concrete which can be similarly used for folded
plates. The wall lighting was similar so that no painting maintenance was
envisaged as this was difficult to organise in the works' very short holiday.
Plate 11 These are the folded plates to the gymnasium mentioned in the caption to
Plate 1. They show roof lighting similar to that shown in Plate 10 and similar end gable
Ugh~ng.
Plate 12 Restaurant, Novato, California, USA (courtesy of Mark Stainbum Wilby).
Plate 13 St Paul's Church, Lorrimore Square, Walworth, London, UK (courtesy of British Cement Association, Crowthome, Berkshire, UK).
Plate 14 Nuestra Sefiora dei Rosario High Sch.ool, Spain (courtesy of British Cement Association,
Crowthorne, Berkshire, UK).
Plate 15 IBM Pavilion, Brussels Exhibition, Belgium (courtesy of British Cement Association,
Crowthorne, Berkshire, UK).
Plate 16 American Concrete Institute Office, Detroit, Michigan, USA. The folded plates were 114 mm
(4.5 in) thick (courtesy of Bridsh Cement Association, Crowthorne, Berkshire, UK).
Plate 17 Sonoma Development Centre, Eldridge, California, USA (courtesy of Mark Stainburn Wilby).
18 Coventry Pedestrian Precinct, UK.
Factors used in the design tables
17
even though strong enough, should not be used because: 'From a practical standpoint such a thin
slab is difficult and thereby costly to cast'  even though Billington designs a cylindrical shell
only 75 mm (3 in) thick. However, for folded plates, 102 mm (4 in) thick seems to be a popular
minimum thickness, although Ramaswamy, Ref. 3.10, designs one with 89 mm (3.5 in) thick
plates.
Of course, the transverse moments are greater for folded plates than for shells. Shells are thickened, Refs 3.11 and 3.12, towards their valleys and edge beams to strengthen against transverse
moments there, whereas folded plates are not similarly thickened. Also, curvature gives a membrane propping action against loading whereas plates do not. For these reasons, folded plates may
need to be thicker than shells.
For plates where L > 3h, each plate is a long thin beam longitudinally, and essentially transversely spans between each fold. With regard to the latter transverse action, plates are continuous
and, to limit deflection, the ACI code Ref. 3.7 states t > hl28, whereas British practice for many
years was Table 7.1 of Ref. 3.13 which states t > h/35. Of course, deflection also depends on loading, which is unfortunately ignored by these recommendations. However, roof slabs resist very
low loadings relative to other slabs, so these recommendations should be conservative. Involving
loading gives the following.
From Table 7.2 of Ref. 3.13, the maximum deflection (because both ends are not fully fixed,
assume one is fixed and the other free) is wh4/(185E/). Equating this to, say, h/180 (Table 9.5b of
Ref. 3.7) and putting I = t3/12 and allowing for shrinkage and creep, E = 14 000 000 kPa
(2 000 000 psi) gives (h/t) 3 = 1 199 O00/w.
Assuming, for example, a roof slope of 28 ~ and a live load of 0.9576 kPa (20 psf) gives
w = 0.9576 x 0.8829 = 0.829 kPa (17.32 psf) and therefore h/t = 112.3. For various values of t the
corresponding maximum values of h and the corresponding values of L, assuming L = 3h, are
given in Table 3.1.
Table 3.1
t (mm)
h (m)
L (m)
64
7.19
21.57
75
8.42
25.26
100
11.23
33.69
125
14.04
42.12
150
16.85
50.55
t (in)
h (ft)
L (ft)
2.5
23.40
70.20
3.0
28.08
84.24
4.0
37.43
112.29
5.0
46.79
140.37
6.0
56.15
168.45
However, Ramaswamy, Ref. 3.10, gives examples of 18.28 m (60 ft) span plates with thicknesses of 89 mm (3.5 in) and 102 mm (4 in), Billington, Ref. 3.9, gives examples of 10.67 m,
21.34 m and 32.00 m (35,70 and 105 ft) span plates with thicknesses of 102 mm (4 in), Simpson,
Ref. 3.14, gives an example of 18.29 rn (60 ft) span plates with thicknesses of 102 mm (4 in), and
the author has designed plates of 19.84 and 21.85 m (65.09 and 71.68 ft) span with thicknesses
of 102 mm (4 in).
When end plates are cantilevered from the internal continuous plates, in order to limit deflection the ACI code, Ref. 3.7, states t > hllO whereas in British practice, for many years, it was
t > h/12. This was then altered, see Table 7.1, p. 221, and Table 3.10, p. 401, of Ref. 3.13, to
t > h/7.
Involving loading gives the following.
The maximum deflection of a cantilever = wh4/(8EJ). Equating this to say hl180 and putting
I = t3/12 and allowing for shrinkage and creep, E = 14 000 000 kPa (2 000 000 psi) gives
(h/t) 3 = 51 850/w.
18
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
Assuming, for example, a roof slope of 28 ~ and a live load of 0.9576 kPa (20 psf) gives w 0.9576 x 0.8829 = 0.8455 kPa (17.66 psf) and, therefore, hit = 39.43. For various values of h the
corresponding minimum values of t are given in Table 3.2.
Table 3.2
h (m)
t = h/39.69 (mm)
t = h/lO (mm)
0.6
152
60
h (ft)
t h/39.69 (in)
t = hll 0 (in)
2
0.61
2.4
=
.
.
.
0.9
228
90
.
.
1.2
304
120
3
0.91
3.6
.
.
1.5
380
150
4
1.22
4.8
.
.
.
5
1.52
6.0
1.8
457
180
6
1.83
7.2
2.1
533
210
7
2.13
8.4
.
However, Ramaswamy, Ref. 3.10, gives examples of 0.619 and 0.238 m (2.031 and 0.781 ft)
end plates with thicknesses of 89 mm (3.5 in) and 102 mm (4 in), Billington, Ref. 3.9, gives an
example of 0.914 m (3 ft) end plates with thicknesses of 152 mm (6 in) and Simpson, Ref. 3.14,
gives an example of 1.926 m (6.32 ft) cantilever end plates with thicknesses of 127 mm (5 in).
The transverse plate deflections are traditionally restricted by codes of practice because of
fears of cracking plaster ceiling finishes. This is fine for plaster ceiling finishes, but with other
finishes what harm would more deflection do? This is for the designer to decide!
The author has made practical conservative calculations of deflections, plate strengths and
reinforcement requirements in deciding the various thicknesses used in the design tables in the
Appendices. The objective was that the sizes obtained by the use of the design tables would be
adequate for deflection, strength and detailing of reinforcement.
Tables 3.1 and 3.2 should not therefore be used without considerations of strength, detailing of
reinforcement and buckling. Essentially, Tables 3.1 and 3.2 are just an intellectual exercise for
evaluation by the reader; the author, for example, would not use t less than 100 mm (4 in).
Considering lateral instability of the plates acting as long narrow beams, the longitudinal compression zone of each beam is restrained from buckling laterally by the adjacent plate. The only
buckling to worry about is the diagonal compression as considered in Section 3.3. End beams and
end cantilever plates are prevented from buckling refer to Section 3.3 and, for example, see Fig.
3.6.
3.5
Concrete and cover to reinforcement
In the U K in the 1950s a considerable number of shell roofs were constructed. The author was
then one of the few designers of shells, and the group of companies he worked for claimed to
design more shell roofs than any other. In those days concrete mixes were generally specified by
dry volumes of cement to sand to gravel (for example, refer to BSCP114, Ref. 3.12, and, for the
USA, Ref. 3.7). A mix of 1:1.5:3 (cube strength at 28 days = 25.5 MPa (3698 psi), USA cylinder
strength at 28 days = 3188 psi (22 MPa)) was favoured. Sometimes, a mix of 1:2:4 (cube strength
at 28 days = 21 MPa (3046 psi), USA cylinder strength at 28 days = 2550 psi (17.58 MPa)) was
used, but then there was a return to 1:1.5:3 mixes, which was also favoured by the main rival company. The return to 1:1.5:3 was because a certain Northlight shell (not designed by the author)
started flattening out and needed rectification by external prestressing. However, on subsequent
investigation, the trouble was found not to be related to using the weaker 1:2:4 mix of concrete.
Generally, the stresses in shells are not greater than can be resisted by a 1:2:4 mix of concrete.
However, for folded plates the transverse moments are greater than for shells and, as the plates
are thicker and therefore heavier, the longitudinal stresses are also greater.
Factors used in the design tables
19
trut
Fig. 3.6
Since then, the UK (and, for the USA, see Ref. 3.7) has tended to use specially designed mixes
for structural concrete. A problem experienced with this practice has been, on occasions, that
mixes have been designed with a very low cement content for economy, and when readymix
concrete was used, due to competition between suppliers, the strength specified was achieved
with a very low water:cement ratio, necessitating very high compaction. When the cement content is very low it needs a much more thorough mixing, which it does not always receive because
of inadequate time in the mixer due to pressure on the speed of output. In addition, with a low
cement concrete, the small concrete specimens made to indicate strength are often compacted
much more thoroughly and comprehensively than can be achieved for much larger in situ concrete volumes on site. Also, cement needs to be available to coat the reinforcement to help resist
corrosion. For these reasons the British Code of Practice in 1972 (BSCP110), Ref. 3.15, specified
minimum cement contents for concrete mixes, 'to ensure durability under specified conditions of
exposure.' These specifications for structural grades of concrete in the later code of 1985 (Table
3.4, BS8110), Ref. 3.13, varied between 275 and 400 kg/m 3 (17.2 and 25.0 lb/ft 3) for various conditions of exposure. As an excessive proportion of cement increases shrinkage and cracking, the
code BS8110 limits the maximum cement content to 550 kg/m 3 (34.3 lb/ft3).
For durability, BS8110 relates the concrete cover to the reinforcement to a minimum cement
content between 275 and 400 kg/m 3 (17.2 and 25.0 lb/ft3), a maximum water to cement ratio, to
strength and to exposure condition.
As already described, there has been a wealth of experience in the UK with shells which were
often 64 mm (2.5 in) thick. The concrete cover to the reinforcement was commonly 13 mm (0.5
in) and the outer reinforcement bars were not more than this in diameter. This was to maximise
the effective depthof the reinforcement for transverse moments.
The basic requirements of cover are not to impair the bond/adhesion between the reinforcement and concrete for structural reasons, to provide protection against corrosion, and to protect
for a specified time the steel from the weakening effects of a fire. The 12.7 mm (0.5 in) cover for
bars with diameters less than or equal to 12.7 mm (0.5 in) proved adequate for the first two of
these requirements. Fire regulations vary internationally but it was often the practice in the UK
not to restrict roof design  permitting, for example, unclad structural steel portals, trusses, etc. to
support roofs. So the 12.7 mm (0.5 in) cover was allowed by fire regulations.
In one example, Ref. 3.13, severe corrosion of the shell reinforcement occurred over about 30
years, even though the shell was well protected with roofing felt. This proved to be due to the
presence of calcium chloride (not now used) as a hardener in the concrete mix.
When there are no detrimental chemicals, the above practice concerning concrete quality and
cover has seemingly proved satisfactory for over about 40 years.
ACI 31889, Ref. 3.7, requires that shells should use concrete with a cylinder compressive
strength not less than 20.7 MPa (3000 psi), which is approximately a British cube strength of 24.3
20
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
MPa (3529 psi). As the same code of practice mentions, the value of Young's modulus increases
for stronger concretes and so helps resistance to buckling.
BS 8110 and BS 5321 do not recommend the use of concretes with normal weight aggregates
of characteristic strengths less than 25 MPa (3626 psi).
ACI 31889 requires that for shells not exposed to the weather, the minimum concrete cover to
the reinforcement should be 0.5 in (~ 13 mm) for a 0.625 in (~ 16 mm) bar and smaller, W31 or
D31 wire, and 0.75 in (~ 19 mm) for a 0.75 in (19 mm) bar and larger.
BS 8110 for normal weight concretes states that, where the concrete surfaces are protected
against weather or aggressive conditions, the normal maximum size of the aggregate should be
no more than 15 mm (~ 0.625 in) and if a 'systematic checking regime is established to ensure
compliance with the limits' of the water/cement ratio and cement content, the minimum concrete
covers can be as given in Table 3.3.
Table 3.3
Concrete
Max. free water/cement ratio
Min. cement content (kg/m3)
Min. characteristic compressive
strength (MPa)
Nominal cover (mm)
25
20
15
15
15
0.65
275
25
0.60
300
30
0.55
325
35
0.50
350
40
0.45
400
45
To summarise, the designer will be guided by his or her own experience and the codes of his
or her country, and will consider the exposure conditions and protection given to the concrete,
the latter perhaps ranging from nothing, to painting, to say three layers of builtup roofing felt
in the UK. In the UK, the plate concrete would be protected from rainwater, and a 1" 1.5:3 mix
of cement:sand:gravel by dry volumes or dry weights, using normal aggregates, should be satisfactory. This mix has a cement content of 437 kg/m 3 (27.3 lb/ft 3) and needs to have a minimum
cube strength at 28 days of 25.5 MPa (3698 psi) or a minimum USA cylinder strength of 3188
psi (22 MPa). It should be mixed thoroughly and should be wet enough, but not more so, to be
compacted very well around the reinforcement by whatever means available. All of the concrete
needs compacting thoroughly, remembering (Ref. 3.13) that 5, 10 and 25% of air voids can give
losses in strength of 30, 60 and 90% respectively. If inadequate vibrators are present for this then
the concrete needs to be wetter. It is not unusual in the UK for unpredictable rainfall to occur
during concreting. For light rainfall the concrete may be made much drier to allow for this. For
heavy rainfall the concrete has to be stopped off and covered. In a hot dry country an unexpected
severe wind can dry out the concrete unduly as it is being placed, so the water content of the mix
may need increasing.
In the UK the author has often decided upon the water content by taking a handful of concrete
and throwing it away. When one's hand is left with specks of grey water, rather than complete
dryness and is not completely coated with grey water, it is acceptable for vibrating with an internal (poker or sausage type) vibrator until the concrete surface is seen to 'swim'. It should be
vibrated no further so as not to cause segregation.
Saving cement through the mix design requiring longer mixing time and better vibration
makes a fairly negligible saving in the cost of a complete building contract, and if the better mixing and vibration is not consistently maintained the concrete will be condemned. Also, if longer
mixing time and better vibration are conscientiously achieved it might be more expensive than
using the 1:1.5:3 mix concrete described. Of course, to a readymix supply firm the cement cost
Factors used in the design tables
21
is significant. Mix design can of course improve the ratio of fine to coarse aggregates in the
1:4.5 cement to aggregates mix.
With regard to the cover, the designer will be guided by his or her own experience and the
codes of practice of his or her country, and will consider the exposure conditions and protection
given to the concrete.
3.6
Reinforcement
It has been established practice over many decades to analyse framed structures elastically as
though uncracked, and then to design reinforcement with working/permissible stresses such as
138 MPa (20 000 psi) for mild steel and 207 MPa (30 000 psi) for hightensile deformed bars.
This situation is also aggravated by shrinkage, and the total result means that the concrete must
be cracked. For example if the reinforcement is stressed to 207 MPa (30 000 psi) the tensile stress
in the concrete in contact with it, using a modular ratio of 15, would be 14 MPa (2000 psi), which
would cause the concrete to crack. In addition, shrinkage would help cracking.
The author worked for a firm which was a pioneer of the use of deformed hightensile reinforcement. When a certain bar was introduced, tests were made to show that the maximum crack
size at working loads due to bending stresses for a beam were no greater for this particular
deformed bar than for mild steel, because the former distributed the cracks better (refer to p. 29
and Ref. 2 of Ref. 3.12) due to the mechanical bond. This same company was a pioneer of shell
roof design in the UK and used hightensile steel fabrics top and bottom in shells to resist
moments and hightensile deformed bars to resist tensile forces (Ref. 3.12). The moments and
forces had been obtained from an elastic analysis assuming uncracked sections and one was more
worried about this illogicality for the thin shells than for the well established frames. However,
like the frames the procedure proved satisfactory.
After leaving that company, the author decided, because of the anomaly just discussed, to use
mild steel bars for subsequent shell designs, apart from keeping to the fabrics because these generally provided more steel than necessary and so were not fully stressed in all or most places. The
fabrics gave a good distribution of reinforcement and were easy to place. In addition, the 'Spacer
bars' (p. 187 of Ref. 3.12) were kept as the gross diameter of square twisted bars was more economic than for mild steel bars of circular crosssection and they spread any cracks better.
The tables of this book have similarly used elastic theory for uncracked sections and therefore,
by the same argument, reinforcement suitable for general reinforced concrete design can seemingly be used for folded plates.
For parts of the folded plates the analysis may indicate that tensile reinforcement is not necessary.
On these occasions a minimum amount of reinforcement is provided to resist temperature and
shrinkage stresses and local stresses due, for example, to the activities of maintenance workers.
BS 81 l0 recommends minimum reinforcement of 0.24% and 0.13% of the gross crosssectional
area for plain mild steel bars and highyield highbond bars or highyield mesh respectively.
ACI 31889 requires these quantifies to be 0.2 and 0.18 respectively.
3.7
Notes on tables
Span = L; breadth or width = B; plate thickness = t; F0 = longitudinal stress at edge No. 0; F 1 =
longitudinal stress at fold No. 1; F2 = longitudinal stress at fold No. 2; F3 = longitudinal stress at
fold No. 3; M0 = 0; M1 = transverse moment at fold No. 1; M2 = transverse moment at fold No.
2; M3 = transverse moment at fold No. 3. Longitudinal stresses are positive when in tension.
Moments are positive when sagging, i.e. endeavouring to induce tensile stresses in the bottom
22
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
fibres. All distances are in metres. All stresses are in MPa. All moments are in kNm/m. The analysis for the tables has taken Poisson's ratio as zero, apart from the buckling check equation in
Section 3.3.
Tables UUEB (3 folds) refers to a folded plate roof with Unpropped Upstand Edge Beams and
three folds, namely two valleys next to the two edge beams and an apex, and d = L/15 or not less
than 0.76 m. Refer to Figs A1 and A2. In Fig. A1 the plate numbering refers to this unpropped
case. In Fig. A2 the plate numbering refers to the propped case of Tables PUEB.
Tables PUEB (3 folds) refers to a folded plate roof with Propped Upstand Edge Beams and three
folds, namely two valleys next to the two edge beams and an apex, and d  L/15 or not less than
0.76 m. Refer to Figs A1 and A2. In Fig. A2 the plate numbering refers to this propped case. Note
that when an end plate is propped, it is considered as a short wide horizontal plate from 0 to 1
points and F0 and F1 are therefore at each side of the edge beam.
Tables CUUEB (5 folds) refers to a Continuous folded plate roof with Unpropped Upstand Edge
Beams and five folds, namely two valleys next to the two edge beams, one central valley and two
apexes, and d = Lll 5 or not less than 0.76 m. Refer to Figs A3 and A4 (see also A2). In Fig. A3
the plate numbering refers to this unpropped case. In Fig. A2 the plate numbering refers to the
propped case of Tables CPUEB.
Tables CPUEB (5 folds) refers to a Continuous folded plate roof with Propped Upstand Edge
Beams and five folds, namely two valleys next to the two edge beams, one central valley and two
apexes, and d = LI15 or not less than 0.76 m. Refer to Figs A3 and A4 (see also A2). In Fig. A2
the plate numbering refers to this propped case.
Tables UDEB (5 folds) refers to a folded plate roof with Unpropped Downstand Edge Beams and
five folds. Refer to Figs A5 and A6. In Fig. A5 the plate numbering refers to this unpropped case.
In Fig. A6 the plate numbering refers to the propped case of Tables PDEB.
Tables PDEB (5 folds) refers to a folded plate roof with Propped Downstand Edge Beams
and five folds. Refer to Figs A5 and A6. In Fig. A6 the plate numbering refers to this propped
case.
Tables CUDEB (9 folds) refers to a Continuous folded plate roof with Unpropped Downstand
Edge Beams and nine folds. Refer to Figs A7 and A8. In Fig. A7(a) the plate numbering refers to
this unpropped case. In Fig. A7(b) the plate numbering refers to the propped case of Tables
CPDEB.
Tables CPDEB (9 folds) refers to a Continuous folded plate roof with Propped Downstand Edge
Beams and nine folds. Refer to Figs A7 and A8. In Fig. A7(b) the plate numbering refers to this
propped case.
Tables UEC (3 folds) refers to a folded plate roof with End Cantilevers and three folds, namely
two Unpropped valleys and an apex. Refer to Figs A9 and A10.
Tables CUEC (5 folds) refers to a Continuous folded plate roof with End Cantilevers and five
folds, namely three Unpropped valleys and two apexes. Refer to Figs A11 and A12.
Factors used in the design tables
23
References
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10
3.11
3.12
3.13
3.14
3.15
BS CP3 (1972) Chapter 5, Loading.
USASI A59.1 (1971) Building Code Requirements for Minimum Design Loads in
Buildings and Other Structures, USA Standards Institute, New York.
Winter, G. and Nilson, A.H. (1972) Design of Concrete Structures, Ninth Edition,
McGrawHill, New York, USA.
BS 6399 (1995).
Parkinson, J. (1982) Roof shape is key to snow load, New Civil Engineer, January.
Timoshenko, S.E (1948) Strength of Materials, Part 2. Advanced Theory and Problems, D.
Van Nostrand Co., New York and London.
ACI 31889, AC1318R89 (1989).
BS8110 (1985).
Billington, D.R (1965) Thin Concrete Shell Structures, McGrawHill, New York, USA.
Ramaswamy, G.S. (1984) Design and Construction of Concrete Shell Roofs, Krieger,
Malabar, Florida, USA.
Wilby, C.B. and Khwaja, I. (1977) Concrete Shell Roofs, Applied Science Publishers,
London; Wilby, C.B. (1980) Design Graphs for Concrete Shell Roofs, Applied Science
Publishers, London; and Ref. 3.12.
Evans, R.H. and Wilby, C.B. (1963) Concrete: Plain, Reinforced, Prestressed and Shell,
Edward Arnold, London.
Wilby, C.B. (1983) Concrete Materials and Structures, Cambridge University Press,
Cambridge, UK, and New York, USA.
Simpson, H. (1958) Design of folded plate roofs, Proc Am Soc Civil Engrs, January.
Wilby,C.B. (1983) Structural Concrete, Butterworths, London, UK, and Boston, USA.
4
Examples of the use of design tables
4.1
Introduction
Shell roofs have been satisfactorily designed using the elastic design of BSCP114 over many
years, Ref. 4.1. Low reinforcement stresses agree better with the elastic analyses used for producing the design tables of this book. In the following examples, elastic analysis is therefore used
along with mild steel reinforcement. This practice is favoured by the author. Elastic analysis is
described in Refs 4.1, 4.2, 4.3 and 4.4. Permissible stresses for concrete and steel are given in
BSCP114, Metric Units, 1969.
The modular ratio = 15.
The reader should study all the examples in this chapter before commencing a design, to avoid
repetition, as on occasions later examples rely on the reader having studied earlier examples.
4.2
Type UUEB (as shown in Figs A1 and A2)
Data: L = 19 m (62.34 ft), for loading see Section 3.2 (1.338 kPa (27.94 psf) of sloping area plus
self weight), B = 10.21 m (35.5 ft), t = 0.14 rn (5.51 in).
This lies between Tables UUEB 112 and 118.
Using linear interpolation:
d = 1.25 + ( 1 . 2 8  1.25) x [ ( 1 9 . 0  18.69)/(19.25 18.69)]
= 1.25 + ( 1 . 2 8  1.25) x [0.5536] = 1.267 m (4.157 ft)
F0   9.33  ( 9.56 + 9.33) x [0.5536]   9.457 MPa (1372 psi)
F1  5.14 + (5.35  5.14) x [0.5536] = 5.256 MPa (762.3 psi)
F2 =  {3.64 + (3.82 3.64) x [0.5536]} =  3.74 MPa (542.4 psi)
M1 = 0
M2 = 24.41 + (24.78 24.41) • [0.5536]  24.61 kNm/m
Examples of the use of design tables 25
4.2.1 Edge beam
Using B S C P l l 4 , F0 requires a 1"1:2 mix concrete, permissible compressive stress = 10 MPa
(1450 psi) (cube strength at 28 days = 30 MPa (4351 psi), about a U S A cylinder strength of 26
MPa (3771 psi)). Then no compression reinforcement is required. The distribution of longitudinal stress is as shown in Fig. 4.1.
The height of the neutral axis = 5.256 x 1.267/(5.256 + 9.457) = 0.4526 m (17.82 i n )
In Fig. 4.1 the longitudinal tension force
= 0.5 x 5.256 • 0.4526 x 0.23 = 0.2736 M N
The permissible tensile stress in the steel = 140 MPa.
The area of steel required = 0.2736/140 m 2 = 1954 mm 2.
Use (from Table 3.2 of Ref. 4.4) four bars of 25 mm diameter (1 in diameter).
On the one hand, it can be thought that the centroid of these bars should correspond to the centroid of the triangular stress block, that is, at a height of 0.4526/3 = 0.1509 m. On the other hand,
one normally puts the tensile steel as low as possible in a beam. The author tends to do and recommend the latter, but spreads the bars out fairly generously upwards. In this example, there are
not many bars to demonstrate this, but using a cover to the bottom two bars of 25 m m (1 in) a vertical gap of 50 mm, say, can be put between these and the next layer of two bars.
The minimum area of reinforcement in a 230 mm thick member (Section 3.6) = 230 • 1000 •
0.24/100 = 552 mm2/m or, per side, = 552/2 = 276 mm2/m. Thus, use 8 m m diameter bars at 175
m m centres at each side of the member.
Maximum spacing of reinforcement allowed = 3 • (230  25  4)  603 mm.
The stresses in Fig. 4.1 can be considered as being due to an axial longitudinal compression C
and a moment M, where C causes a uniform stress = (9.457 + 5.256)/2  5.256 = 7.357  5.256 =
2.101 MPa, and M causes a bending stress = 7.357 MPa.
Figure 4.2 shows the stresses indicating this point.
I_.,
9.457
" MPa
I
r
Compression
E
t.O
r
nsion
Fig. 4.1
26
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
I_..  9 . 4 5 7
_ I
2.101
E
r
r
I
'v
,,
1
1
II ,,,
Fig. 4.2
Therefore,
C = 2.101 x 0.23 x 1.267 = 0.6123 MN
and
M = 7.357 x 0.23 x 1.2672/6 = 0.4528 MNm
The longitudinal axial compressive stress of 2.101 MPa will have, say, a cosine distribution from
the centre to the support (or a parabolic distribution  maximum at the centre and zero at the supports) so it will not relieve the diagonal tensile stress due to the maximum shear stress.
Considering M  w1218, then
maximum shear force = wll2 = 4M/l = 4 x 0.4528/19 = 0.09533 MN
Taking a parabolic distribution of shear stress, maximum shear stress = 1.5 x 0.09533/(0.23 x
1.267) = 0.4907 MPa (71.17 psi). For a 1:1:2 mix concrete, BSCP114 recommends a permissible
shear stress of 0.9 MPa (130.5 psi), but the author prefers the limits recommended in Ref. 4.1 of
0.7309 MPa (106 psi) except for rectangular beams with more than 0.17% of longitudinal compression reinforcement, when the limit should be 0.5447 MPa (79 psi). Whichever way, no shear
reinforcement is required. Had shear reinforcement been required the treatment would have been
similar to that in Section 4.2.2. However, nominal stirrups (links) must be used, say 10 mm diameter at 230 mm centres (or 0.375 in diameter at 9 in centres). This provides more than the minimum requirement of 552 mmVm calculated previously.
Had the edge beam required compression reinforcement, this could be designed like a similar
beam in Ref. 4.5.
Examples of the use of design tables
27
Referring to Equations (3.2) and (3.3), 50 t = 50 x 0.14 = 7 m and 250 tlh = 250 x 0.14/5.782
(given later) = 6.053 m. Use three intermediate struts 100 mm x 100 mm (4 in x 4 in) similar to
those shown in Fig. 1.10, i.e. at 19/4 = 4.75 m (15.58 ft) spacing.
4.2.2 Sloping plate
As mentioned previously, use a 1:1:2 mix concrete, as this is required for the edge beam. As
F2 =  3.74 MPa (542.4 psi), which is less than the permissible compressive strength of 10 MPa
(1450 psi), no compression steel is required.
The distribution of longitudinal stresses is shown in Fig. 4.3.
h = B/(2 cos 28 ~ = 10.21/(2 cos 28 ~ = 5.782 m (18.97 ft)
The height of the neutral axis = 5.256 x 5.782/(5.256 + 3.74)
= 5.256 x 0.6427 = 3.378 m (11.08 ft)
From Fig. 4.3 the longitudinal tension force can be taken as
= F1 x 3.378 • t/2 = 5.256 x 3.378 x 0.14/2 = 1.243 M N
The area of tensile steel = 1.243/140 m 2 = 8879 mm 2.
Use 18 bars of 25 mm diameter and 1 bar of 8 mm diameter (18 bars of 1 in diameter and 1 bar
of 0.375 in diameter).
These can be arranged so that their centroid corresponds to the centroid of the triangle of tensile stress. Alternatively, while the author tends to bear this in mind to some extent, he concentrates the bars more towards the bottom, as one does in a beam. He suggests using 100 mm
~
 3 . 7 4 MPa
ompression
E
o0
I',,.
u5
E
Fig. 4.3
28
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
spacing so that the whole group covers a distance = 18 x 0.1 = 1.8 m (5.906 ft). These bars shall
have a cover of at least 25 mm (1 in) and can be placed anywhere in the depth of the plate and are
usually placed alternately on top of the bottom steel for bending and beneath the top of the top
steel for bending.
Minimum area of steel in 0.14 m, 5.51 in, thick plate
= (0.24/100) x 140 x 1000  336 mm2/m
Sharing this reinforcement between top and bottom, each has 336/2 = 168 mm2/m.
Use 8 mm diameter bars at 300 mm centres, or 0.375 in diameter bars at 12 in centres, both top
and bottom.
Maximum spacing allowed = 3 • ( 1 4 0  25  4 ) = 333 mm
Therefore, from the bottom, after the 1.8 m distance accommodating the tensile steel, use 8 mm
diameter bars at 300 mm centres top and bottom, beneath the top and above the bottom transverse
bending reinforcement respectively, to act as its distribution steel.
The stresses in Fig. 4.3 can be considered as due to an axial longitudinal tension T and moment
M where T causes a uniform stress
= (3.74 + 5.256)/2  3.74 = 0.758 MPa
M causes a bending stress = 4.498 MPa.
Figure 4.4 shows the Fig. 4.3 stresses indicating this point. Therefore
T = 0.758 x 0.14 x 5.782 =0.6136 MN
E
,,,,,,
.
8
MPa
Fig. 4.4
Examples of the use of design tables
29
This has a cosine or parabolic distribution from the maximum at midspan to zero at the supports
and
M = 4.498 • 0.14 • 5.782V6 = 3.509 MN/m
As previously
maximum shear force = 4M/l = 4 • 3.509/19 = 0.7387 M N
then taking a parabolic distribution of shear stress
maximum shear stress = 1.5 x (0.7387/0.14)/5.782 = 1.369 MPa (199 psi)
As T is zero at the supports, the maximum principal tensile stress at the supports is the maximum
shear stress, i.e. 1.369 MPa (199 psi), so diagonal tension reinforcement is required and
= 1.369 • 0.14/140 m2/m = 1369 mm2/m.
Use say 16 m m diameter bars at 150 mm centres, or 5/8 in diameter bars at 6 in centres. These
are at 45 ~ to the longitudinal axis. The spacing can be increased towards the apex and valley in
accordance with the parabolic distribution of shear stress. Also, the diagonal tension reinforcement can be reduced towards midspan. For example, for a section 2 m from the support, the
shear stress = [2/(19/2)] • 1.369 = 0.2882 MPa and the longitudinal tensile stress = 0.758 •
[(9.5  2)/9.5] 2 = 0.4724 MPa.
The maximum principal tensile stress resulting from these stresses
= 0.5 • (0.4724 + (0.47242 + 4 • 0.28822) ~
= 0.6088 MPa, 88.30 psi
From Section 4.2.1 one would perhaps not use diagonal tension steel. For the purpose of illustration assume tension steel is required.
The angle of this principal stress is given by
tan 20 = 2 • 0.2882/0.4724 = 1.220
i.e. 0 = 25.33 ~
Use reinforcement at 45 ~ to the longitudinal axis to keep the same system as at the supports.
Diagonal reinforcement required = 0.6088 • 0.14/140 mVm = 608.8 mmVm
This is required at 25.33 ~, so putting it at 45 ~ is less effective; consequently, the reinforcement
required at 45 ~ is
= 608.8/cos (45  25.33) = 646.5 mmVm
Use 16 mm diameter bars at 300 mm centres or 5/8 in diameter bars at 12 in centres.
With regard to the transverse bending moments: M1 = 0 and M2 = 24.61 kNm/m.
The loading = 1.338 kPa (27.94 psf) (see Section 3.2) of the sloping area plus self weight,
which is 0.14 • 24 = 3.360 kPa (70.17 psf) = 4.698 kPa (98.12 psf) of the sloping area; that is,
5.321 kPa (111.1 psf) of the plan area.
T h e m a x i m u m midspan bending moment for free supports at a valley and ridge = [4.698 x
5.782 • 10.21/2]/8 = 17.33 kNm/m.
Figure 4.5 shows the transverse bending moment diagram. At the apex using BSCP114 elastic design, the permissible concrete compressive stress in bending = 10 MPa (1450 psi) and the
30
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
Fig. 4.5
permissible tensile stress in steel = 140 MPa (20 300 psi), and using the formulas from p. 95 of
Ref. 4.4:
%=
ct=
x~ =
z~ =
K=
140/10 = 14
15
15/(15 + 14)  0.5172
1  x / 3 = 0.8276
0.5 x 10 x 0.5172 x 0.8276  2.140
Using 20 m m diameter bars and 20 mm cover, the effective depth of reinforcement  0.14  0.03
=0.11 m.
m o m e n t of resistance = 2.14 x 1 x 0.112 _ 0.2589 MNm/m
which is greater than 24.61 kNm/m = 0.02461 MNm/m.
The area of tensile reinforcement
 0.02461/(0.8276 x 0.11 x 140)  0.001931 mVm
= 1931 mmVm
Use 20 m m diameter bars at 150 mm centres (or 7/8 in diameter bars at 6 in centres).
The bending moment at a horizontal distance X from the edge beam
= 5.321 x (5.105/2) x X  5.321 x X2/2  24.61 x X/5.105
By calculus, a maximum occurs a t X = 1.647 m and has the value = 7.213 kNm/m = 0.007213 MPa.
The m a x i m u m area of tensile reinforcement required in the bottom of the plate
= 0.007213/(0.8276 x 0.11 x 140) mVm  565.9 mm2/m
Use 12 m m diameter bars at 200 m m centres (or I/2 in diameter bars at 8 in centres).These can
be reduced towards the ridge and valley but must not reduce to less than the minimum requirements: from previously,thiscan be taken as 168 m m V m .
Figure 4.6 indicatesthe reinforcement system at midspan (not to scale and not showing every
bar).
The longitudinal steel in the edge beam and sloping plate required structurallyat midspan
can be reduced towards the supports,similarlyto a simply supported beam carrying a uniformly
Examples of the use of design tables 31
20 mm ~ 150 mm cts.
212 mm
8
E
m m ~ 300 m m
o~,
E
cts.
38 mm

r,.
~
Q
o
E
rE
oJ
.
O011~
o
r
o ~ o o~.~~
o
12 mm  200 mm cts.
100
mm
425 mm
Fig. 4.6
distributed load. The minimum reinforcement used but not required structurally cannot be
reduced.
The author introduced the teaching of folded plate roofs to both final year Batchelor and
Master degree students at the University of Bradford. This was continued by Messrs D. Walker
and R. Westbrook. The latter used the author's work on this subject as a basis for the chapter on
folded plates in his book, Ref. 4.6, and readers might find his book of interest.
4.3
T y p e C U U E B (as s h o w n in Figs A 3 a n d A 4 ; s e e also A 2 )
Data: L = 19 m (62.34 ft), for loading see Section 3.2 (1.338 kPa (27.94 psf) of sloping area plus
self weight).
This lies between Tables CUUEB 112 and 118 (but can lie between 111 and 117, etc., according to which B is preferred).
B = 10.21 m (35.5 ft), t = 0.14 m (5.51 in)
Using linear interpolation:
d = as in Section 4.2 = 1.267 m (4.157 ft)
F0 =  9.69  (9.93  9.69) • (19  18.69)/( 19.25  18.69)
= 9.69  (9.93  9.69) • [0.55357] =  9.823 MPa (  1425 psi)
FI = 5.16 + ( 5 . 3 9  5.16) x [0.55357] = 5.287 MPa (766.8 psi)
F2 =  3.55  ( 3 . 7 4  3.55) • [0.55357] =  3.655 MPa (  530.1 psi)
32
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
F3 = 3.55 + ( 3 . 7 6  3.55) x [0.55357] = 3.666 MPa (531.7 psi)
MI=0
M2 =  1 8 . 9 7  ( 1 9 . 1 9  18.97) x [0.55357] =  19.09 kNm/m =  4292 lb ft/ft
M3 =  8.03 + (8.03  7.94) x [0.55357] =  7.98 kNrn/m =  1794 lb ft/ft
4.3.1 Edge beam
Using BSCP114, F0 requires a 1"1:2 mix concrete, permissible compressive stress = 10 MPa
(1450 psi) (cube strength at 28 days = 30 MPa (4351 psi), about a USA cylinder strength of 26
MPa (3771 psi)). Then no compression reinforcement is required. The distribution of longitudinal stress is as shown in Fig. 4.7.
The height of the neutral axis
= 5.287 x 1.267/(5.287 + 9.823) = 0.4433 m (17.45 in)
In Fig. 4.7 the longitudinal tension force
= 0.5 x 5.287 x 0.4433 x 0.23 = 0.2695 MN
The permissible tensile stress in the steel = 140 MPa.
The area of steel required = 0.2695/140 m 2 = 1925 mm 2.
Use (from Table 3.2 of Ref. 4.4) four bars of 25 mm diameter (1 in diameter).
On the one hand it can be thought that the centroid of these bars should correspond to the centroid of the triangular stress block; that is, at a height of 0.4433/3 = 0.1478 m. On the other hand,
one normally puts the tensile steel as low as possible in a beam. The author tends to do, and recommend, the latter, but spreads the bars out fairly generously upwards. There are not many bars
to demonstrate this in this example, but using a cover to the bottom two bars of 25 mm (1 in) a
vertical gap of 50 mm, say, can be put between these and the next layer of two bars.
i ~.  9 . 8 2 3
I~"
MPa
Compression
E
r,E)
nsion
,,
5.287
MPa
Fig. 4.7
Examples of the use of design tables
33
The m i n i m u m area of reinforcement in a 230 m m thick member (Section 3.6) = 230 x 1000 x
0.24/100 = 552 m m V m or per side = 552/2 = 276 mm2/m. Thus, use 8 m m diameter bars at 175
m m centres at each side of the member.
M a x i m u m spacing of reinforcement allowed = 3 x (230  25  4) = 603 m m
The stresses in Fig. 4.7 can be considered as due to an axial longitudinal compression C and a
m o m e n t M where C causes a uniform stress = (9.823 + 5 . 2 8 7 ) / 2  5.287 = 7.555  5.287 = 2.268
M P a and M causes a bending stress = 7.555 MPa.
Figure 4.8 shows the stresses indicating this point. Therefore
C = 2.268 • 0.23 x 1.267 = 0.6609 M N
and
M = 7.555 x 0.23 x 1.2672/6 = 0.4649 M N m
The longitudinal axial compressive stress of 2.268 MPa will have, say, a cosine distribution from
the centre to the support (or a parabolic distribution, with the m a x i m u m at the centre and zero at
the supports) so it will not relieve the diagonal tensile stress due to the m a x i m u m shear stress at
the supports.
Considering M = wl2/8 then
m a x i m u m shear force = wl/2 = 4MIl = 4 x 0.4649/19 = 0.09787 M N
Taking a parabolic distribution of shear stress, m a x i m u m shear stress = 1.5 x 0.09787/(0.23 x
1.267) = 0.5038 M P a (73.07 psi). For a 1:1:2 mix concrete, BSCP114 recommends a permissible
I_. 9.823 _1
2.268
2.268
Fig. 4.8
34
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
shear stress of 0.9 MPa (130.5 psi), but the author prefers the limits recommended in Ref. 4.1 of
0.7309 MPa (106 psi) except for rectangular beams with more than 0.17% of longitudinal compression reinforcement, when the limit should be 0.5447 MPa (79 psi). Whichever limits are
used, no shear reinforcement is required. Had shear reinforcement been required the treatment
would have been similar to that of Section 4.3.2. However, nominal stirrups (links) must be used,
say 10 mm diameter at 230 mm centres (or 0.375 in diameter at 9 in centres). This provides more
than the minimum requirement of 552 mm2/m calculated previously.
Had the edge beam required compression reinforcement, this could be designed like a beam
similar to that in Ref.4.5.
The same struts as designed in Section 4.2.1 are required to prevent lateral instability of this
edge beam.
4.3,2 Sloping plate 12
As mentioned previously, use a 1" 1:2 mix of concrete, as this is required for the edge beam. As
F2   3.655 MPa (530.1 psi), which is less than the permissible compressive strength of 10 MPa
(1450 psi), no compression steel is required.
The distribution of longitudinal stresses is shown in Fig. 4.9.
h = B/(2 cos 28 ~ = 10.21/(2 cos 28 ~ = 5.782 m (18.97 ft)
The height of the neutral axis
= 5.287 x 5.782/(5.287 + 3.655) = 5.287 x 0.6466 = 3.419 m (11.22 ft)
From Fig. 4.9 the longitudinal tension force can be taken as
= F1 x 3.419 x t/2 = 5.287 x 3.419 x 0.14/2 = 1.265 MN
,3.655 MPa
Compression
E
Od
t6
Tension
I
i
Fig. 4.9
Examples of the use of design tables 35
The area of tensile steel
= 1.265/140 m 2 = 9038 mm 2
Use 18 bars of 25 mm diameter and 1 bar of 8 mm diameter (18 bars of 1 in diameter and 1 bar
of 0.375 in diameter).
These can be arranged so that their centroid corresponds to the centroid of the triangle of tensile
stress. Alternatively, while the author tends to bear this in mind to some extent, he concentrates the
bars more towards the bottom, as one does in a beam. He suggests using 100 mm spacing so that the
whole group covers a distance = 18 x 0.1  1.8 m (5.906 ft). These bars will have a cover of at least
25 mm (1 in) and can be placed anywhere in the depth of the plate and are usually placed alternately
on top of the bottom steel for bending and beneath the top of the top steel for bending.
The minimum area of steel in 0.14 m (5.51 in) thick plate  (0.24/100) x 140 x 1000 = 336
mmVm.
Sharing this reinforcement between the top and bottom each has 336/2 = 168 mmVm. Use
8 mm diameter bars at 300 mm centres (0.375 in diameter bars at 12 in centres), both top and
bottom.
Maximum spacing allowed = 3 x ( 1 4 0  2 5  4 ) = 333 mm
Therefore, from the bottom, after the 1.8 m distance accommodating the tensile steel, use 8 mm
diameter bars at 300 mm centres (0.375 in diameter bars at 12 in centres), top and bottom,
beneath the top and above the bottom transverse bending reinforcement respectively, to act as its
distribution steel. The stresses in Fig. 4.9 can be considered as due to an axial longitudinal tension T and moment M where T causes a uniform stress
= (3.655 + 5.287)/2  3.655 = 0.816 MPa
M causes a bending stress = 4.471 MPa.
Fig. 4.10 shows the Fig. 4.9 stresses indicating this point. Therefore T = 0.816 • 0.14 • 5.782
= 0.6605 MN.
This has a cosine or parabolic distribution from maximum at midspan to zero at the supports, and
M = 4.471 x 0.14 x 5.7822/6 = 3.488 MN/m
As previously
Maximum shear force =
4M/l = 4 x 3.488/19 = 0.7343 MN
then, taking a parabolic distribution of shear stress,
maximum shear stress = 1.5 x (0.7343/0.14)/5.782 = 1.3607 MPa (197.3 psi)
As T is zero at the supports, the maximum principal tensile stress at the supports is the maximum
shear stress, i.e. 1.3607 MPa (197.3 psi), so diagonal tension reinforcement is required and
= 1.3607 x 0.14/140 m2/m = 1361 mm2/m. Use say 16 mm diameter bars at 150 mm centres (or
5/8 in diameter bars at 6 in centres). These are at 45 ~ to the longitudinal axis. The spacing can be
increased towards the ridge and valley in accordance with the parabolic distribution of shear
stress. In addition, the diagonal tension reinforcement can be reduced towards midspan. For
example, for a section 2 m from the support, the shear stress = (2/9.5) x 1.3607 = 0.2865 MPa and
36
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
3.655~ ~ 4.471
I
I
4.471
0.816
Fig. 4.10
longitudinal tensile stress = 0.816 x [(9.5  2)/9.5] 2 = 0.5086 MPa
The maximum principal tensile stress resulting from these stresses
= 0.5 x (0.5086 + (0.50862 + 4 x 0.28652) ~ = 0.6374 MPa (92.44 psi)
From Section 4.3.1 one would perhaps not require diagonal tension steel at this location. Had one's
design required diagonal tensile steel here, the procedure of Section 4.2.2 could be followed.
With regard to the transverse bending moments: M1 = 0, M2 =19.09 kNm/m = 4292 lb ft/ft.
The loading (see Section 3.2) = 1.338 kPa (27.94 psf) of the sloping area plus self weight,
which is 0.14 x 24 = 3.360 kPa (70.17 psf) = 4.698 kPa (98.12 psf) of the sloping area, which is
5.321 kPa (111.1 psf) of the plan area.
The maximum midspan bending moment for free supports at the valley and ridge = [4.698 x
5.782 x 10.21/2]/8 = 17.33 kNm/m.
Figure 4.11 shows the transverse bending moment diagram. At the apex, using elastic design,
BSCP114, the permissible concrete compressive stress in bending = 10 MPa (1450 psi) and the
permissible tensile stress in steel = 140 MPa (20 300 psi) using the formulas from Section 4.2.2.
Using 20 mm diameter bars and 20 mm cover, the effective depth of reinforcement = 0.14 0.03 =0.11 m.
Moment of resistance  2.14 x 1 x 0.112 _ 0.02589 MNm/m
which is greater than 19.09 kNm/m = 0.01909 MNm/m.
The area of tensile reinforcement
Examples of the use of design tables
37
m
Z
o.
I
Fig. 4.11
= 0.01909/(0.8276 • 0.11 • 140) = 0.001498 mVm
= 1498 mm2/m
Use 20 mm diameter bars at 200 mm centres (7/8 in diameter bars at 8 in centres).
This reinforcement requirement can be reduced towards midspan and the maximum sagging
bending moment can be calculated as in Section 4.2.2. The reinforcement system at midspan is
similar to that indicated in Fig. 4.6.
The longitudinal steel in the edge beam and the sloping plates required structurally at midspan
can be reduced towards the supports similarly to a simply supported beam carrying a uniformly
distributed load. The minimum reinforcement used but not required structurally cannot be
reduced.
4.3.3 Sloping plate 23
F3 = 3.666 MPa (531.7 psi)
As mentioned previously, use a 1:1:2 mix of concrete as this is required for the edge beam. As
F2 =  3.655 MPa (530.1 psi), which is less than the permissible compressive strength of 10 MPa
(1450 psi), no compression steel is required.
The distribution of longitudinal stresses is shown in Fig. 4.12.
h = B/(2 cos 28 ~ = 5.782 m (18.97 ft)
The height of the neutral axis
= 3.666 x 5.782/(3.655 + 3.666) = 3.666 • 0.7898 = 2.895 m (9.498 ft)
From Fig. 4.12 the longitudinal tension force can be taken as
= F3 • 2.895 • t/2 = 3.666 • 2.895 • 0.14/2 = 0.7429 MN
The area of tensile steel = 0.7429/140 m 2 = 5306 mm 2.
Use 11 bars of 25 mm diameter (11 bars of 1 in diameter).
These can be arranged so that their centroid corresponds to the centroid of the triangle of tensile
stress. While the author does bear this in mind to some extent, he alternatively concentrates the bars
38
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
•
~    3 . 6 5 5 MPa
Co
Tension
3.666 MPa
1
~
Fig. 4.12
more towards the bottom, as one does in a beam. He suggests using 100 mm spacing so that the
whole group covers a distance = 10 x 0.1  1.0 m (3.381 ft). These bars will have a cover of at least
25 mm (1 in) and can be placed anywhere in the depth of the plate, and are usually placed, alternately, on top of the bottom steel for bending and beneath the top of the top steel for bending.
The minimum area of steel in 0.14 m (5.51 in) thick plate
= (0.24/100) x 140 x 1000  336 mm2/m
Sharing this reinforcement between the top and bottom, each has 336/2 = 168 mm2/m. Use 8 mm
diameter bars at 300 mm centres (or 0.375 in diameter bars at 12 in centres), both top and bottom.
The maximum spacing allowed  3 x ( 1 4 0  25  4 ) = 333 mm. Therefore, from the bottom,
after the 1.0 m distance accommodating the tensile steel, use 8 mm diameter bars at 300 mm centres (or 0.375 in diameter bars at 12 in centres), top and bottom, beneath the top and above the
bottom Vansverse bending reinforcement respectively to act as its distribution steel. The stresses
in Fig. 4.12 can be considered as due to an axial longitudinal tension T and moment M where T
causes a uniform stress
= (3.655 + 3.666)/2  3.655  0.0055 MPa
M causes a bending stress = 3.661 MPa. Figure 4.13 shows the Fig. 4.12 stresses indicating this
point. Therefore
T  0.0055 x 0.14 x 5.782 = 0.004452 MN
This has a cosine or parabolic distribution from a maximum at midspan to zero at the supports and
M  3.661 x 0.14 x 5.7822/6  2.856 MN/m
Examples of the use of design tables 39
I_..  3 . 6 6 1
j.
9 0.0055
. . . .
I
3.661
_!
Fig. 4.13
As previously
maximum shear force =
4M/l = 4 x 2.856/19 = 0.6013 MN
then taking a parabolic distribution of shear stress
maximum shear stress = 1.5 x (0.6013/0.14)/5.782 = 1.114 MPa (161.6 psi)
As T is zero at the supports, the maximum principal tensile stress at the supports is the maximum
shear stress, i.e. 1.114 MPa (161.6 psi) so diagonal tension reinforcement is required and diagonal tensile reinforcement
= 1.114 x 0.14/140 mVm = 1114 mm2/m
Use say 16 mm diameter bars at 175 mm centres (or 5/8 in diameter bars at 7 in centres). These
are at 45 ~ to the longitudinal axis. The spacing can be increased towards the ridge and valley in
accordance with the parabolic distribution of shear stress. Also, the diagonal tension reinforcement can be reduced towards midspan. For example for a section 2 m from the support, the maximum shear stress = (2/9.5) x 1.114 = 0.2345 M P a and the longitudinal tensile stress
= 0.0055 x [(9.5  2)/9.5] 5 = 0.003428 MPa
The maximum principal tensile stress resulting from these stresses
= 0.5 • (0.003428 + (0.0034282 + 4 • 0.23452) o.5
= 0.2362 MPa (34.26 psi)
40
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
A
Fig. 4.14
From Section 4.3.1 one would not require diagonal tension steel at this location.
Had one's design required diagonal tensile steel here, the procedure of Section 4.2.2 could be
followed.
With regard to the transverse bending moments
M1 = 0
M2 =  19.09 kNrn/m =  4292 lb ft/ft
M3 =  7.98 kNm/m =  1794 lb ft/ft
The maximum midspan bending moment for free supports at the valley and ridge = [4.698 x
5.782 x 10.21/2]/8 = 17.33 kNm/m. Figure 4.14 shows the transverse bending moment diagram.
At the central valley using the elastic design, BSCPll4, the permissible concrete compressive
stress in bending = 10 MPa (1450 psi) and the permissible tensile stress in steel = 140 MPa
(20 300 psi), and the formulas from Section 4.2.2 apply.
Using 20 mm diameter bars and 20 mm cover, the effective depth of reinforcement
= 0.14  0.03 = 0.11 m.
Moment of resistance = 2.14 x 1 x 0.112 = 0.02589 MNm/m
which is greater than 19.09 kNm/m = 0.01909 MNm/m.
The area of tensile reinforcement at the apex is the same as calculated in Section 4.3.2, i.e. use
20 mm diameter bars at 200 mm centres (or 7/8 in diameter bars at 8 in centres).
The area of tensile reinforcement at the valley
= 0.00798/(0.8276 x 0.11 x 140) = 0.0006261 mVm
= 626.1 mm2/m
Use 16 mm diameter bars at 300 mm centres (or 5/8 in diameter bars at 12 in centres).
This reinforcement can be reduced towards midspan and the maximum sagging bending
moment can be calculated as in Section 4.2.2. The reinforcement system at midspan is similar to
that indicated in Fig. 4.6.
The longitudinal steel in the edge beam and sloping plates required structurally at midspan
can be reduced towards the supports similarly to a simply supported beam carrying a uniformly
distributed load. The minimum reinforcement used but not required structurally cannot be
reduced.
Examples of the use of design tables
41
4.4 Type CUUEB (as shown in Figs A3 and A4; see also A2) but with
many more plates (as shown in Fig. 1.1)
The data are as in Section 4.3 but with more internal plates. For approximate estimating purposes,
the edge beam and the plates 12 and 23 can be designed as in Section 4.3. The extra internal
plates can be reinforced as per plate 23, see Section 4.3.3, apart from the transverse midspan
sagging moments, because the moments at the folds may be less. The transverse midspan sagging moment could, perhaps, for approximate estimating purposes, be taken as 17.33  7.98 =
9.35 kNm/m. Looking at a scheme with eight plates, in Section 9.2.4 of Ref. 4.2, the transverse
moments at the folds after fold 3 do not seem to decrease. On this limited basis, the fold moments
beyond fold 3 in this example should not decrease, making the sagging moment of 9.35 kNm/m
conservative. The maximum longitudinal tensile stress in a valley for the scheme of eight plates
in Ref. 4.2 does increase for some internal plates but only by about 10%. The designer must make
up his or her own mind whether or not he or she is happy to save time by using the tables for
schemes with numerous plates.
4.5
Type PUEB (as shown in Figs A1 and A2)
The data are the same as for Section 4.2, except that the edge beams are propped similarly to that
as shown in Fig. 1.10.
Thus, this folded plate lies between Tables PUEB 112 and 118. Using linear interpolation:
d = 1.25 + ( 1 . 2 8  1.25) x [(19.0 18.69)/(19.25 18.69)]
= 1.25 + (1.28  1.25) x [0.5536] = 1.267 m (4.157 ft)
F0 = 0.76 + (0.79  0.76) x [0.5536] = 0.7766 MPa (112.6 psi)
F1 = F 0
F2 =  { 1.29 + ( 1 . 3 6  1.29) • [0.5536]} =  1.329 MPa (192.7 psi)
M1 = 0
M2 =  15.65 kNm/m
4.5.1 Edge beam
Using BSCP114, for F0 and F1, a 1"1.5:3 mix of concrete, with permissible compressive stress
= 8.5 MPa (1233 psi) (cube strength at 28 days = 25.5 MPa (3698 psi), about a USA cylinder
strength of 22 MPa (3190 psi)) is used because this strength is required later for the transverse
moments. No compression reinforcement is required. The longitudinal tension force
= 0.7766 • 1.267 • 0.23 = 0.2263 MN
The permissible tensile stress in the steel = 140 MPa. The area of steel required = 0.2263/140 m 2
= 1616 mm 2. As this area of steel should be distributed uniformly in the edge beam, use four bars
which (from Table 3.2 of Ref. 4.4) need to be of 25 mm diameter (1 in diameter). These bars can
be placed one in each corner of the beam.
The minimum area of reinforcement in a 230 mm thick member (Section 3.6) = 230 • 1000 •
0.24/100 = 552 mm2/m or, per side, = 552/2 = 276 mm2/m. Thus, use 8 mm diameter bars at 175
mm centres at each side of the member. The maximum spacing of reinforcement allowed
= 3 • (230  25  4 ) = 603 mm
42
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
Nominal stirrups (links) must be used, say 10 mm diameter at 230 mm centres (or 0.375 in diameter at 9 in centres). This provides more than the minimum requirement of 552 mm2/m calculated
previously.
It has been assumed that the edge beam is supported by a line reaction. If it were supported by
a continuous wall, for example, it would not require further design. However, in this example, the
edge beam is supported by columns.
The author once worked for a company which designed numerous shell roofs. The experience
indicated that the columns should be no further apart than 2BI3. Ideally they should be as close
together as possible to please the analysis. 3.048 m (10 ft) centres were considered ideally very
close and 4.572 m (15 ft) centres were happily tolerated. Ideally there should be a central column.
In the case of our present example 2B/3 = 2 x 10.21/3 = 6.807 m (22.33 ft). Using a central column only is therefore insufficient. Consequently, suppose three internal columns are used. This
makes their spacing = 19/4  4.75 m (15.58 ft).
The beam has to carry its self weight, and past experience has ensured it is designed to carry
about BI8 of the weight of the adjacent folded plate. As regards forces, the folded plate carries itself,
but elastically some of its weight may be imposed on the edge beam between column supports.
The loading on the folded plate (see Section 3.2)  1.338 kPa (27.94 psf) of the sloping area
plus self weight, which is 0.14 x 24 = 3.360 kPa (70.17 psf). Therefore, the loading on the folded
plate = 4.698 kPa (98.12 psf) of the sloping area, which is 5.321 kPa (111.1 psf) of the plan area.
The loading on the beam can therefore be taken as:
0.23 • 1.267 x 24 + 5.321 x 10.21/8 = 6.994 + 6.791 = 13.78 kN/m (at a support)
The beam is continuous over four spans, so using Table 6.1 of Ref. 4.4, the maximum bending
moment assuming the loading mainly approximates to dead loading
= 0.107 x 13.78 x 4.752 = 33.27 kNm = 0.03327 MNm (at a support)
Take the effective depth of the steel = 1.267 0.025  0 . 0 1 3 = 1.229 m.
Using the data given later for a 1"1.5:3 mix: the moment of resistance  1.704 x 0.23 x 1.2292
= 0.5920 MNm, which is much greater than 0.03327 MNm and is satisfactory. Had the edge beam
required compression reinforcement it would be designed as for any reinforced concrete beam.
The area of reinforcement required = 0.03327/(140 x 0.8411 x 1.229) m 2  229.9 mm 2. Use
one 20 mm diameter bar, which can fit between the two 25 mm diameter bars previously required
to resist longitudinal tension; similarly for midspans.
Using Table 6.2 of Ref. 4.4 the maximum shear force
= 0.61 x 13.78 x 4.75 = 39.93 kN
The corresponding maximum shear stress
= 39.93/(0.8411 x 1.229 x 0.23) kPa  0.1679 MPa (24.36 psi)
For a 1"1.5:3 mix of concrete, BSCP114 recommends a permissible shear stress of 0.8 MPa (116 psi),
but the author prefers the limits recommended in Ref. 4.1 of 0.7309 MPa (106 psi) except for rectangular beams with more than 0.17% longitudinal compression reinforcement, when the limit
should be 0.5447 MPa (79 psi). Whichever is used, no shear reinforcement is required. However, had
shear reinforcement been required, it would be designed as for any reinforced concrete beam.
Examples of the use of design tables 43
The same struts as designed in Section 4.2.1 are required to prevent lateral instability of this
edge beam.
4.5.2 Sloping plate
As mentioned previously, use a 1:1.5:3 mix of concrete as this is required later for the transverse
moments. As F2 =  1 . 3 2 9 MPa (192.7 psi), which is less than the permissible compressive
strength of 8.5 MPa (1233 psi), no compression steel is required.
The distribution of longitudinal stresses is shown in Fig. 4.15, h = 5.782 m (18.97 ft), as before.
The height of the neutral axis
= 0.7766 x 5.782/(0.7766 + 1.329) = 0.7766 x 2.746 = 2.133 m (6.997 ft)
From Fig. 4.15 the longitudinal tension force can be taken as
= F1 x 2.133 x
t12 = 0.7766 x 2.133 x 0.14/2 = 0.1160 MN
The area of tensile steel
= 0.116/140 m: = 828.2 mm 2
Use eight bars of 12 mm diameter (eight bars of 1/2 in diameter). These can be arranged so that their
centroid corresponds to the centroid of the triangle of tensile stress. The author, however, tends to
bear this in mind to some extent, but concentrates the bars more towards the bottom, as one does in a
beam. He suggests using 100 mm spacing so that the whole group covers a distance = 8 x 0.1 = 0.8
m (2..625 ft). These bars will have a cover of at least 19 mm (3/4 in) and can be placed anywhere in
the depth of the plate and are usually placed alternately on top of the bottom steel for bending and
beneath the top of the top steel for bending. The minimum area of steel in 0.14 m (5.51 in) thick plate
= (0.24/100) x 140 x 1000 = 336 mm2/m
I_.
'"
1.329
MPa
,,..._
2
Compr
t6
Tension
Fig. 4.15
44
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
Sharing the reinforcement between top and bottom, each has 336/2 = 168 mm2/m.
Use 8 m m diameter bars at 300 mm centres (or 0.375 in diameter bars at 12 in centres), both
top and bottom.
Maximum spacing allowed = 3 x ( 1 4 0  25  4 ) = 333 mm
Therefore, from the bottom, after the 0.8 m distance accommodating the tensile steel, use 8 m m
diameter bars at 300 m m centres top and bottom, beneath the top and above the bottom transverse
bending reinforcement respectively, to act as its distribution steel.
The stresses in Fig. 4.15 can be considered as due to an axial longitudinal compression C and
moment M where C causes a uniform stress
= (1.329 + 0.7766)/2 0.7766 = 1.053  0 . 7 7 6 6 = 0.2762 MPa
M causes a bending stress = (1.329 + 0.7766)/2 = 1.053 MPa. Fig. 4.16 shows the Fig. 4.15
stresses indicating this point. Therefore
C = 0.2762 x 0.14 x 5.782 = 0.2236 MN
This has a cosine or parabolic distribution from maximum at midspan to zero at the supports and
M = 1.053 x 0.14 x 5.7822/6 = 0.8214 MN/m
As previously
maximum shear force = 4Mll = 4 x 0.8214/19 = 0.1729 MN
t_ 1.329 MPa ..~l
I
1.053
.~
i
0.2762
iiii
\
i
_
0.2762
..,,
1.053
Fig. 4.16
..r
I
Examples of the use o f design tables
45
then, taking a parabolic distribution of shear stress
maximum shear stress = 1.5 x (0.1729/0.14)/5.782 = 0.3204 MPa (46.47 psi)
As T is zero at the supports, the maximum principal tensile stress at the supports is the maximum
shear stress, i.e. 0.3204 MPa (46.47 psi) so no diagonal tension reinforcement is required.
With regard to the transverse bending moments: M1 = 0 and M2 =15.65 kNm/m. The loading (see Section 3.2) is 1.338 kPa (27.94 psf) of sloping area plus self weight, which is 0.14 x 24
= 3.360 kPa (70.17 psf). Therefore the loading is 4.698 kPa (98.12 psf) of the sloping area, which
is 5.321 kPa (111.1 psf) of the plan area.
The maximum midspan bending moment for free supports at the valley and ridge = [4.698 x
5.782 x 10.21/2]/8 = 17.33 kNrn/m. Figure 4.17 shows the transverse bending moment diagram.
Using, as previously, a BSCP114, 1"1.5:3 mix of concrete, permissible compressive stress  8.5
MPa (1233 psi) (cube strength at 28 days  25.5 MPa (3698 psi), roughly a USA cylinder strength
of 22 MPa (3190 psi)), a permissible tensile stress in steel = 140 MPa (20 300 psi) and formulas
from Ref. 4.4, then
oLf= 140/8.5 = 16.47, oL = 15, x~ = 15/(16.47 + 15) = 0.4766
z~ = 1  x~13 = 0.8411
K = 0.5 x 8.5 x 0.4766 x 0.8411  1.704 MPa
Using 20 mm diameter bars and 20 mm cover, the effective depth of reinforcement = 0.14  0.03
=0.11 m.
Moment of resistance = 1.704 x 1 x 0.112
=
0.02062 MNrn/m
which is greater than any of the moments shown in Fig. 4.17. At the ridge, the area of tensile reinforcement
= 0.01565/(0.8411 x 0.11 x 140) = 0.001208 m2/m = 1208 mm2/m
Use 20 mm diameter bars at 250 mm centres (or 7/8 in diameter bars at 10 in centres).
This can be reduced towards midspan and the maximum sagging bending moment can be calculated as in Section 4.2.2.
Figure 4.6 indicates (not to scale and not showing every bar) the style of the reinforcement system at midspan.
The longitudinal steel in the edge beam and sloping plate required structurally at the midspan
can be reduced towards the supports similarly to a simply supported beam carrying a uniformly distributed load. The minimum reinforcement used but not required structurally cannot be reduced.
A
z
Fig. 4.17
46
4.6
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
Type UDEB (as shown in Figs A5 and A6)
Type UDEB roofs often seem to appear in USA publications. Creating the data for those who use
USA/British Imperial units:
Data: L = 60 ft (18.29 m), for loading see Section 3.2 (1.338 kPa (27.94 psf) of sloping area
plus self weight).
There are two alternatives:
4.6.1 Alternative I
Choose B = 8.55 m and interpolate between Tables UDEB 100 and UDEB 106, or choose
B = 8.81 m and interpolate between Tables UDEB 101 and UDEB 107, or choose B = 9.07 m and
interpolate between Tables UDEB 102 and UDEB 108, or choose B = 9.34 m and interpolate
between Tables UDEB 103 and UDEB 109, or choose B = 9.62 m and interpolate between Tables
UDEB 104 and UDEB 110, or choose B = 9.91 m and interpolate between Tables UDEB 105 and
UDEB 111. Then proceed as in the previous examples.
4.6.2 Alternative 2
Suppose the client demands that B = say 30 ft (9.144 m). This is within the range indicated in
Alternative 1. It lies between Tables UDEB 102 (L = 18.15 and B  9.07) and UDEB 109
(L = 18.69 and B = 9.34). The stresses and moments are close together in these two tables.
If the interpolation uses L, then the factor to be used
= ( 1 8 . 2 9  18.15)/(18.69 18.15)0.2593
If interpolation uses B then the factor to be used
= (9.144  9.07)/(9.34  9.07) = 0.2741
A suggestion is to use the average 0.2667; after all, the stresses and moments are close together
in these two tables.
Using linear interpolation:
F0  5.28 + ( 5 . 6 6  5.28) x 0.2667  5.381 MPa (780.5 psi)
F1    [0.15 + (0.17  0 . 1 5 ) x 0.2667] =  0 . 1 5 5 3 MPa (22.53 psi)
F2 =  [1.46 + (1.53  1.46) x 0.2667]  1.479 MPa ( 214.5 psi)
F3 =  [1.12  (1.12  1.11) x 0.2667] =  1.117 MPa ( 162.0 psi)
M1 = 0
M2 =  [2.01 + ( 2 . 2 0  2.01) x 0.2667]  2.061 kNrn/m =  4 6 3 . 4 lb ft/ft
M3 =  [5.37 + (5.74  5.37) x 0.2667]   5.469 kNm/m =  1229 lb ft/ft
Then proceed as in the previous examples.
4.7
End stiffener beam
Design an end stiffener beam for the example in Section 4.2. Figure 4.18 shows a suitable beam,
say 0.23 m (9.055 in) wide. This requires designing for its self weight and the parabolically distributed shear force of 0.7387 MN, which gives a maximum shear stress of 1.369 MPa. Each
Examples of the use of design tables 47
E
I',.,.
(D
',1"'
7
20.42 m
Fig. 4.18
point on the central section has a different distance to the 0.7387 MN force and therefore a different bending moment due to it. Also, this section has to resist a tension due to the horizontal
component of 0.7387. Ref. 4.6 designed a beam like this.
4.8
Folded plates continuous in both directions
In Section 4.4 it was indicated how the tables might be used for plates continuous in the sideways
direction. This was indicated using the type used in Section 4.3. Consider now the case of shells that
are also continuous in the longitudinal direction. This will be illustrated using the same type of folded
plate scheme as in Sections 4.3 and 4.4. For example, consider the scheme shown in Fig. 4.19.
The transverse bending moments might be taken as the same as those suggested in Section 4.4.
The longitudinal stresses at midspan for a simply supported scheme, as in Section 4.4, have a
parabolic or cosine distribution, as shown in Fig. 4.20. From Table 6.1 of Ref. 4.4 the distribution
of the bending moment is as in Fig. 4.21. So the values of longitudinal stress that are related to a
free moment and therefore 0.125 can be divided by 0.125 and multiplied by the coefficients 0.08,
0.1 and 0.025 for the various localities indicated in Fig. 4.21.
Similarly, the shear forces corresponding to Fig. 4.20 have a coefficient 0.5, so these can be
divided by 0.5 and multiplied by the coefficients shown in Fig. 4.22 (which is from Table 6.2 in
Ref. 4.4) for the various localities.
The designer should decide if he or she thinks this approximate method, which has been used for
barrel vault roofs, is good enough. It would usually be at least good enough for estimation purposes.
4.9
Temperature movement and stresses
The coefficient of linear thermal expansion of structural concrete is approximately 0.000001 per
degree Celsius (approximately 0.0000055 per degree Fahrenheit). A folded plate structure, like
any other concrete structure, will alter its length and breadth according to its ambient temperature.
4.10
Shrinkage stresses
Shrinkage of concrete is a complicated problem (Ref. 4.1). The reinforcement does not shrink,
consequently neither does the structure. The shrinkage stresses are relieved by a multitude of
cracks, many of which cannot be seen with the naked eye (i.e. say less than 0.008 mm (0.0003
48
10.21 m 10.21 m 10.21 m 10.21 rn
A
c
Fig. 4.19
Fig. 4.20
19 m
19 rn
e+
19 m
h
Examples of the use of design tables
0.4
I"
0.6
0.5
.......
t
...
49
0.13
19,,m
19m
.....
"'
04 I
0.5
19m
"I
I ~
Fig.4.22
in)). Then there is differential shrinkage due to the surface drying out faster than the inner parts
of the concrete. Sunshine and/or wind on freshly placed concrete can exacerbate this effect,
sometimes inciting surface cracking or crazing. Sometimes these cracks are not very deep, say 30
mm (1.2 in), but they are often visible to the naked eye and can sometimes extend to join up with
cracks that are due to the reinforcement not shrinking.
With folded plates, as with most structural concrete work, shrinkage is ignored in the design,
as it is considered that it is relieved by acceptable cracking.
References
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
Evans, R.H. and Wilby, C.B. (1963) Concrete: Plain, Reinforced, Prestressed and Shell,
Edward Arnold, London.
Wilby, C.B. (1977) Concrete for Structural Engineers, NewnesButterworths, London.
Wilby, C.B. (1983) Structural Concrete, Butterworths, London, UK and Boston, USA.
Wilby, C.B. (1983) Concrete Materials and Structures, Cambridge University Press,
Cambridge, UK, and New York, USA.
Wilby, C.B. and Khwaja, I. (1977) Concrete Shell Roofs, Applied Science Publishers,
London.
Westbrook, R. (1984) Structural Engineering Design in Practice, Construction Press,
London and New York.
5
Construction
5.1
Protection of concrete
It is usual in the UK to ensure watertightness of folded plate roofs with an impermeable membrane cover for the following reasoning. There are, of course, construction joints not fitted with
plastic or metal water bars, where shrinkage due to chemical action of the cement and to temperature reduction can concentrate its effect and open up cracks in these localities. Also, exposed
concrete seldom dries out completely in the UK. However, about every two years there is a period
of two to four weeks when there is no rain, the shade temperature is over 21 ~ C (70 ~ F) and there
is plenty of sunshine, and exposed concrete dries out considerably. Otherwise, exposed concrete
is generally damp. As the valleys act as gutters and cracks can occur here, which could be
observed by photoelastic tests even if not predicted by the design, it is important that these are
protected with an impermeable membrane cover.
Generally, the impermeable membrane cover would comprise three layers of built up roofing
felt, with the top layer mineral finished. The latter is often dark or light green, but can be black, red
or white, which is preferable for reflecting sunlight. In other words, white is better at resisting solar
deterioration and heating, but it might not be favoured on the grounds of showing dirt more easily.
In some countries, some shells are just painted and presumably folded plates would be treated
similarly. Furthermore, in some countries the reinforced concrete shells have no finishes whatsoever and, if a leak occurs in the very limited rainfall period, a plasterer is sent up with a bucketful of sand:cement grout and a trowel to cover over the local area of the leak.
There are some parts of the USA, for example, where frost is generally not experienced, so insulation is not vital for some buildings, and timber construction is very popular. It might be desirable
in these locations to nail cedar wood files to strips of wood fastened to the concrete plates, and to
use roofing felt or asphalt in the valleys. Similarly, burnt clay or concrete files (the former being
favoured for lightness and possibly durability) might be used instead of wooden files.
5.2
Insulation
In the UK, thermal insulation can be effected by sticking 25 mm (1 in) thick corkboard on the
concrete plates and beneath the roofing felt described in Section 5.1. An alternative to the corkboard is a 50 mm (2 in) or 38 mm (1.5 in) thick layer of vermiculite concrete, but this must be
dried out, which can be difficult with the UK climate, before the roofing felt is laid. One technique is to waterproof the vermiculite with a thin sand and cement layer and then stick on the
Construction
51
roofing felt when dried out, on a dry day. If it rains during the day the sand and cement waterproofing will be satisfactory until the rain ceases enough for the roofing felt contract to be continued. Another technique is to lay the roofing felt but not for about a distance of 460 mm (1.5 ft)
from the valley. This valley area is then rapidly completed when the vermiculite has dried out.
Insulation can also be effected with insulating boards beneath the plates; however, insulation is
better placed on top to reduce the temperature effects on the concrete plates as well as to insulate
the building below.
In some countries insulation is not used.
5.3
Wall cladding
The edge beams of folded plates to brick walled buildings can be detailed as shown in Figs 5.1 to
5.3, as has similarly been done a great deal in the UK for shell roofs. The details of the tops of the
beams can be used with any of the details of the bottoms of the beams. Throatings shown on the
figures of this chapter can be formed, say, with 12 mm (0.5 in) half round wooden beadings.
If deflection is not significant that is, in the cases where the edge beams are propped by intermediate columns at, say, centres (as shown in, for example, Fig. 1.10) of not more than 0.67 times
the width between valleys (relating this to considerable barrel vault roof experience)  the soft
material beneath the edge beam might not be used and might be replaced with slates bedded in
mortar or just a layer of mortar. A desirable soft material is one that will compress and return and
is resistant to water, and is available in rolls  there are such proprietary materials.
Roofing felt
Throating
Brickwork
Insulation
/
Soft material
Throating
Cavity brickwork wall
Fig. 5.1
52
felt
Throating/ ~ /
///
Brickwork
/ /
//
/
/
//
/ /
Throating
Insulation
z/
/
Softmaterial
Cavitybrickworkwall
Fig. 5.2
Throatn0
Co0in0stoneSfe
/
Bric~ork. ~ 1
~
r~
........
/
~
Insulation
screwsin Rawlplugsholdingsteel
Soft material
plate or plates
Steelplatesor platewithdrainholes
] r~v~
cavitybrickworkwall
Fig. 5.3
Construction
53
If brickwork is not required to be shown on the facia of the edge beam, then the construction
might be as shown in Fig. 5.4, the soft material not perhaps being used beneath the edge beam if
deflection is not a worry.
If the end stiffener beam has a horizontal soffit, and brickwork is to be shown on the gable, then
the brickwork outer skin can be carded on the end beam similarly to that shown in Figs 5.1 to 5.3.
For walls of 229 mm (9 in) concrete blocks or 229 mm (9 in) brickwork, or in several mainland
European countries constructed of about 229 mm (9 in) by about 115 mm (4.5 in) hollow burnt
clay blocks stuck together with mortar to make a wall approximately 229 mm (9 in) thick, the
construction might be as shown in Fig. 5.5. The soft material does not, perhaps, have to be used
beneath the edge beam if deflection is not a worry.
In the USA, timber is very popular for housing and substantial buildings (large shops and
stores etc., and occasionally even bridges for carrying lorries), which would not be built of timber in the UK. In the case of California this has much to do with earthquakes. Figure 5.6 shows a
possibility for using timber walls. The outer face of the wall can be of horizontal tongued and
grooved boarding or cedar wood shingles. The boarding can be faced with cedar wood shingles,
or a light galvanised steel wire mesh can be nailed to it before it is cement rendered. This latter is
for a more robust appearance and for fire resistance. It might be painted or a coloured cement
might be used.
If glass walling is used, this must slide clear of the edge beam so as not to suffer any compression; for example, see Fig. 5.7.
In the case of a cantilevered end plate the arrangement shown in Fig. 5.8 might be used.
If partition walls are built up to internal valleys, they must either be kept clear at their tops or
sliding devices must be arranged so that the deflection of the valleys does not crush the partitions.
Roofing felt
Insulation
Throating
Soft material
Cavity brickwork wall
Fig. 5.4
.54
Roofing felt
Insulation
Flashing
Soft material
Wall of brickwork or hollow burntclay
or concrete blocks
Fig. 5.5
J
\Insulation
_ _
Screws in Rawlplugs to fasten timbers
Soft material
Plaster board, plywood or hardboard if required
Timber
Insulation board or fibreglass if required
Tongued and grooved boarding or cedar wood
shingles
Fig. 5.6
55
Fig. 5.7
Fig. 5.8
56
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
5.4 Chamfers and arrises
An arris at the soffit of a valley, such as for example in Fig. 1.1, can sometimes have bits broken
off it when the shutters are stripped, so a chamfer is often used here. A chamfer that is about 19
mm (0.75 in), side dimension, usually does not reduce the concrete cover to the reinforcement
below the minimum requirement. Some contractors find difficulty in keeping the soffit line of the
valley looking straight. This can be made easier for them by making a narrow flat portion at the
soffit as shown in Fig. 5.9. This can be about 229 mm (9 in) wide without altering the analysis,
assuming a similar practice as used for barrel vault roofs.
It is desirable similarly to use chamfers at the corners of columns. It is quite inexpensive and
saves trouble with broken arrises on stripping shutters. Also, it makes the comers stronger, to
resist damage from trucks etc. In addition, it is safer for a person bumping into the corner of the
column.
Roofing felt
Fig. 5.9
This page intentionally left blank
58
Fig. 1.2
230
0
E
E
0
0
m
0
1
1
I
Fig. A2
Appendix 1. Design tables for folded
plates types UUEB
TABLE
IYOEB
L = 12.000
B =
5.490
t =
0.i00
d =
0. 8 0 0
1
T A B L E UUEB
L = 12.000
B =
5.650
t =
0.100
d =
O. 8 0 0
2
TABLE
UUEB
L = 12.000
B =
5.820
t =
0.100
d =
0. 8 0 0
3
T A B L E IKIEB
L = 12.000
B =
5.990
t =
0.100
d =
O. 8 0 0
4
(3 FOLDS)
F0 =
5.84
F1 =
4.06
F2 =
3.01
M2
=
7.31
(3 FOLDS)
F0 =
5.89
F1 =
4.02
F2 =
2.95
M2
=
7.45
(3 FOLDS)
F0 =
5.94
F1 =
3.99
F2 =
2.90
M2
=
7.60
(3 FOLDS)
F0 =
5.99
F1 =
3.95
F2 =
2.85
M2
=
7.77
M2
=
7.95
M2
=
8.16
T ~ I 2 ~ UUEB 5
( 3 FOLDS)
L = 12.000
F0 =
6.04
B =
6.170
F1 =
3.92
t =
0.100
F2 =
2.80
d =
O. 8 0 0
TABLE ~ B
L = 12.000
B =
6.360
t =
0.i00
d =
O. 8 0 0
6
( 3 FOLDS )
F0 =
6.10
F1 =
3.88
F2 =
2.75
60
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
UI/EB
L = 12.000
B =
6.550
t =
0.100
d =
0.800
7
TABLE
UUEB
L = 12. 360
B =
5.650
t =
0.i00
d =
0. 8 2 0
8
TABLE
UUEB
L = 12.360
B =
5.820
t =
0.I00
d =
0.820
9
(3 FOLDS)
F0 =
6.15
F1 =
3.85
F2 =
2.70
M2
=
8.38
(3 FOLDS)
F0 =
6.03
F1 =
4.18
F2 =
3.09
M2
=
7.59
M2
=
7.74
6.13
4.11
2.98
M2
=
7.91
(3 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
TASLE OOES
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
6.08
4.15
3.04
(3 FOLDS)
12.360
5.990
0.i00
0.820
F0
F1
F2
TABLE OOEB
L = 12.360
B =
6.170
t =
0.100
d =
O.820
11
TABLE OUEB
L = 12.360
B =
6.360
t =
0.100
d =
0.820
12
=
=
=
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.19
4.07
2.93
M2
=
8.09
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.24
4.03
2.88
M2
=
8.30
(3
Design tablesforfoldedplates types UUEB 61
TABLE
(3
FOLDS)
L
=
12. 360
UI/EB
13
F0
=
6.30
B
t
d
=
=
=
6.550
0.i00
0. 8 2 0
F1
F2
=
=
4.00
2.83
M2
=
8.51
M2
=
8.76
FOLDS)
6.15
4.28
3.16
M2
=
7.78
FOLDS)
6.20
4 .24
3.10
M2
=
7.95
T~2BLE UI/EB 14
( 3 FOI/)S)
L = 1 2 . 360
F0 =
6.35
B =
6.750
F1 =
3.96
t =
0.i00
F2 =
2.78
d =
0.820
UUEB
TABLE
L = 12.730
B =
5.820
t =
0.i00
d =
0. 8 5 0
15
UUEB
TABLE
L = 12 730
B =
5. 9 9 0
t =
0.100
d =
0.850
16
TABLE
UUEB
L = 12. 730
B =
6.170
t =
0.i00
d =
0.850
17
TABLE
UUEB
L = 12. 730
B =
6.360
t =
0.i00
d =
0.850
18
(3
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
(3
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.25
4.20
3.05
M2
=
8.13
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.31
4.16
2.99
M2
=
8.34
62
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
T A B L E UUEB 1 9
(3
L = 12. 730
F0 =
B
t
d
=
=
=
6.550
0.i00
0.850
TABLE
UUEB
L = 12. 730
B =
6.750
t =
0.i00
d =
O.85O
FOLDS)
6.36
F1
F2
=
=
4.12
2.94
M2
=
8.56
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.42
4.08
2.89
M2
=
8.81
20
TAJBLE UIJEB 21
( 3 FOLDS)
L = 12.730
F0 =
6.47
B =
6.950
F1 =
4.05
t
=
d
=
0.i00
0.850
TABLE
UUEB
L = 13.110
B =
6.000
t =
0.i00
d =
0. 8 7 0
22
TABLE
UUEB
L = 13. 110
23
B
=
6.180
t
d
=
=
0.100
0. 8 7 0
TABLE
UI/EB
L = 13.110
B =
6.370
t =
0.i00
d =
0. 8 7 0
F2
=
2.84
M2
=
9.07
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.37
4.41
3.25
M2
=
8.11
(3
=
FOLDS)
6.42
F0
F1
F2
24
F0
F1
F2
=
4.37
=
3.19
M2
=
8.29
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.47
4.33
3.13
M2
=
8.50
Design tablesforfoldedplates types UUEB 63
TABLE
UUEB
L = 13.110
F0
(3
=
FOLDS)
6.53
F1
F2
=
=
4.29
3.08
M2
=
8.72
TABLE
[I[IEB 2 6
(3
L = 13.110
F0 =
B =
6.760
F1 =
t =
0.100
F2 =
d =
0. 8 7 0
FOLDS)
6.58
4.25
3.02
M2
=
8.96
B
t
d
=
=
=
25
6. 5 6 0
0.I00
0. 8 7 0
TABLE IJIJEB 27
( 3 FOI/)S)
L = 1 3 . 110
F0 =
6.64
B =
6.960
F1 =
4.21
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0. 8 7 0
TABLE
UUEB
L = 13.110
B =
7. 1 7 0
t =
0.i00
d =
0. 8 7 0
28
TABLE
UUEB
L = 13.500
B =
6.180
t =
0.100
d =
0. 9 0 0
29
TABLE
UUEB
L = 13.500
B =
6.370
t =
0.100
d =
0. 9 0 0
30
F2
=
2.97
M2
=
9.22
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.70
4.17
2.92
M2
=
9.51
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.51
4.51
3.33
M2
=
8.35
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.56
4.47
3.26
M2
=
8.56
64 Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE UUEB 31
L
=
13.500
B =
6.560
t
d
0.I00
0. 9 0 0
=
=
F2
TABLE
UUEB
L = 13.500
B =
6.760
t =
0.i00
d =
0. 9 0 0
32
TABLE
UUEB
L = 13.500
B =
6.960
t =
0.100
d =
0.900
33
TABLE
UUEB
L = 13.500
B =
7.170
t =
0.i00
d =
0.900
34
TABLE
UUEB
L = 13. 500
B =
7.390
t =
0.I00
d =
0.9OO
35
TABLE
UUEB
L = 13. 910
B =
6.360
t =
0.i00
36
d
=
0.930
(3 FOLDS)
F0 =
6.61
F1 =
4.43
=
3.21
M2
=
8.78
(3
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.67
4.38
3.15
M2
=
9.02
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.72
4.35
3.10
M2
=
9.28
(3
FOLDS)
6.78
4.31
3.04
M2
=
9.57
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
(3 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
6.84
4.27
2.99
M2
=
9.89
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.67
4.62
3.41
M2
=
8.61
Design tablesfor folded plates types UUEB 65
TABLE UUEB 37
L
=
B
=
t
d
13.910
(3 FOLDS)
F0
=
6. 550
F1
=
4.58
=
0.I00
F2
=
3.35
=
0. 930
TABLE UUEB 38
L
B
t
=
=
=
13. 910
6.750
0.i00
d
=
0.930
TABLE
L
B
t
=
=
=
UUEB
13.910
6.950
0.I00
d
=
0.930
TABLE
L
B
t
=
=
=
UUEB
13. 910
7.160
0.i00
d
=
0.930
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
39
40
13. 910
7.370
0.I00
0.930
=
=
=
=
13. 910
7.590
0.i00
0.930
=
8.84
6.77
4.54
3.29
M2
=
9.09
6.82
4.50
3.23
M2
=
9.35
6.88
4.46
3.18
M2
=
9.63
M2
=
9.93
M2
=
i0.27
(3 FOLDS)
FO
F1
F2
TABLE UUEB 42
L
B
t
d
M2
(3 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
TASLE UUEB 41
L
B
t
d
6.72
=
=
=
6.93
4.42
3.13
(3 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
6.99
4.38
3.07
66
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
T A B L E UUEB
L = 14. 330
B =
6.560
t =
0.i00
d =
0. 9 6 0
43
TABLE
~ B
L = 14..330
B =
6.760
t =
0.i00
d =
0.960
44
TABLE UI~B
L = 14. 330
B =
6.960
45
t
=
o.
d
=
0.960
oo
TABLE
UUEB
L = 14.330
B =
7.170
t =
0.i00
d =
0. 9 6 0
46
TABLE
UUEB
L = 14.330
B =
7.390
t =
0.i00
d =
0. 9 6 0
47
TABLE
UUEB
L = 14.330
B =
7.610
t =
0.i00
d =
0. 9 6 0
48
(3 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
6.84
4.74
3.49
M2
=
8.93
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.89
4.69
3.43
M2
=
9.18
F0
F1
(3
=
=
FOI~S)
6.94
4.65
F2
=
3.37
M2
=
9.44
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.99
4.61
3.31
M2
=
9.73
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.05
4.57
3.25
M2
=
10.04
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.11
4.52
3.20
M2
=
i0.38
Design tablesforfoldedplates types UUEB 67
TABLE UUEB 49
( 3 FOLDS)
L = 1 4 . 330
F0 =
7.17
B =
7.840
F1 =
4.48
t =
0.I00
F2 =
3.15
d =
0. 9 6 0
TABLE
T/UEB
L = 14. 760
B =
6.750
t =
0.120
d =
0.980
50
TABLE
51
L
B
t
=
=
=
d =
UUEB
F0
F1
F2
14.760
6.950
0.120
0. 9 8 0
TABLE
UUEB
L = 14. 760
B 7.160
t =
0.120
d =
0.980
52
TABLE
HUES
L = 14.760
B =
7.370
t =
0.120
d =
0. 9 8 0
53
TABLE
UUEB
L = 14.760
B =
7.590
t =
0.120
d =
0. 9 8 0
54
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.01
4.61
3.44
M2
=
i0.75
M2
=
12.42
(3 F O L D S )
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
7.08
4.57
3.37
M2
=
12.67
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.15
4.53
3.31
M2
=
12.94
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.23
4.48
3.25
M2
=
13.23
(3
F0 =
F1 =
F2 =
FOLDS)
7.30
4.44
3.19
M2
=
13.55
68
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
UUEB
L = 14. 760
B =
7.820
t =
0.120
d =
0. 9 8 0
55
TABLE
UUEB
L = 14. 760
B =
8. 0 5 0
t =
0.120
d =
0.980
56
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.38
4.40
3.13
M2
=
13.90
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.46
4.36
3.08
M2
=
14.28
M2
=
12.82
TABLE
UUEB 5 7
L = 15.200
F0
B =
6.950
F1
t =
0.120
F2
d =
1.010
(3 FOLDS)
~ B
TABLE
L = 15. 200
B =
7.160
t =
0.120
d =
I. 0 1 0
58
(3 F O L D S )
TABLE
UUEB
L = 15. 200
B =
7.370
t =
0.120
d =
1.010
59
UUEB
TABLE
L = 15.200
B =
7.590
t =
0.120
d =
1.010
60
=
=
=
7.20
4.74
3.52
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
7.28
4.69
3.46
M2
=
13.10
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.35
4.65
3.39
M2
=
13.39
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.43
4.60
3.33
M2
=
13.71
Design tablesforfoldedplates types UUEB 69
TABLE UUEB 61
L
=
15.200
B
t
=
=
7. 8 2 0
0.120
d
=
1. 0 1 0
(3 FOLDS)
F0
=
7.51
F1
F2
=
=
4.56
3.27
T A S L E rams 62
L
=
15. 200
=
=
8.050
F1
=
4.52
=
0.120
F2
=
3.22
d
=
1.010
15. 200
8.290
F0
F1
(3
=
=
FOLDS)
7.66
4.48
F2
=
3.16
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
TABLE UUEB 6 3
=
0.120
d
=
i. 0 1 0
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
UUEB
15. 660
7.160
0.120
i. 0 4 0
64
T A B L E UUEB 65
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
15. 660
7.370
0.120
i. 0 4 0
=
=
=
=
15. 660
7.590
0.120
i. 0 4 0
M2
=
14.43
M2
=
14.85
M2
=
13.27
M2
=
13.56
M2
=
13.88
FOLDS)
7.42
4.87
3.62
(3 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
TABLE UUEB 66
L
B
t
d
14.06
7.58
B
t
=
(3 FOLDS)
F0
t
L =
B =
M2
=
=
=
7.49
4.83
3.55
(3 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
7.57
4.78
3.49
70
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
(KIEB
L = 15. 660
B =
7.820
t =
0.120
d =
i. 0 4 0
67
TABLE
UUEB
L = 15.660
B =
8.050
t =
0. 1 2 0
d =
1.040
68
TABLE UUEB
L = 15. 660
B =
8.290
t =
0.120
d =
i. 0 4 0
69
TABLE
~ B
L = 15.660
B =
8.540
t =
0.120
d =
1.040
70
TABLE
UUEB
L = 16. 130
B =
7.380
71
t
=
0.~20
d
=
i. 0 8 0
TABLE
UUEB
L = 16. 130
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.65
4.74
3.42
M2
=
14.24
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.72
4.69
3 . 37
M2
=
14.61
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.80
4.65
3.31
M2
=
15.02
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.89
4.60
3.25
M2
=
15.47
F0
F1
(3
=
=
FOLDS)
7.57
4.98
F2
=
3.70
M2
=
13.62
F0
(3
=
FOLDS)
7.64
M2
=
13.94
72
B
=
7.600
FI
=
4.93
t
d
=
=
0.120
i. 0 8 0
F2
=
3.63
Design tables for folded plates types UUEB 71
TABLE
UUEB
L = 16. 130
73
F0
(3
=
FOLDS)
7.72
B
=
7.830
FI
=
4.89
t
=
0.120
F2
=
3.56
M2
=
14.30
d
=
i. 0 8 0
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.79
4.84
3.50
M2
=
14.68
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.87
4.79
3.44
M2
=
15. i0
(3
FOLDS)
7.95
4.75
3.38
M2
=
15.56
TABLE
~ S
L = 16. 130
B =
8.060
t =
0.120
d =
i. 0 8 0
74
TABLE
UUEB
L = 16. 130
B =
8.300
t =
0.120
d =
1. 0 8 0
75
UUEB
TABLE
L = 16.130
B =
8.550
76
t
=
0.
d
=
i. 0 8 0
20
TABLE
UUEB
L = 16. 130
B =
8.810
t =
0.120
d =
i. 0 8 0
77
TABLE
UUEB
L = 16. 610
B =
7.600
t =
0.120
d =
I. i i 0
78
F0
F1
=
=
F2
=
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.03
4.70
3.32
M2
=
16.06
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.80
5.12
3.80
M2
=
14.13
72
ConcreteFolded Plate Roofs
TABLE
UUEB
L = 16. 610
B =
7.830
t =
0.120
d =
i. i i 0
79
UUEB
TABLE
L = 16. 610
B =
8.060
t =
0.120
d =
1.110
80
TABLE
UUEB
L = 16.610
B =
8. 3 0 0
t =
0.120
d =
i.ii0
81
TABLE
UUEB
L = 16. 610
B =
8.550
t =
0.120
d =
i.II0
82
TABLE
UUEB
L = 16. 610
B =
8.810
t =
0.120
d =
I.ii0
83
TABLE
UUEB
L = 16. 610
B =
9.070
t =
0.120
d =
i. I i 0
84
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.88
5.07
3.73
M2
=
14.49
(3
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.95
5.03
3.66
M2
=
14.87
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.03
4.98
3.60
M2
=
15.29
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.11
4.93
3.54
M2
=
15.74
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.19
4.88
3.47
M2
=
16.24
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.27
4.84
3.42
M2
=
16.77
Design tablesforfoldedplates types UUEB 73
TABLE
UUEB
L = 17.110
B
t
d
=
=
=
85
7.830
0.120
1.140
UUEB
TABLE
L = 17. 110
B =
8.060
t =
0.120
d =
1.140
86
UUEB
TABLE
L = 17. 110
87
F0
(3
=
FOLDS)
8.06
F1
F2
=
=
5.28
3.91
M2
=
14.70
(3
FOLDS)
8.13
5.23
3.84
M2
=
15.08
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
(3
F0
=
FOLDS)
8.21
B
=
B.3OO
FI
=
5.
t
=
=
0.120
F2
=
3.77
M2
=
15.50
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.29
5.13
3.70
M2
=
15.95
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.37
5.08
3.64
M2
=
16.45
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.45
5.03
3.58
M2
=
16.97
d
1.140
TABLE
UUEB
L = 17.110
B =
8.550
t =
0.120
d =
1.140
88
TABLE
UI/EB
L = 17.110
B =
8.810
t =
0.120
d =
1.140
89
TABLE
90
L
=
B
t
d
=
=
=
8
UUEB
17. 110
9.070
0.120
1.140
74
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
UUEB
L = 17.110
B =
9.340
t =
0.120
d =
1.140
91
TABLE
UUEB
L = 17. 620
B =
8.060
t =
0.140
d =
1.170
92
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.54
4.98
3.52
M2
=
17.54
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.26
5.17
3.87
M2
=
19.59
M2
=
20.00
T~JdBLE I/IIEB 93
( 3 FOLDS)
L = 17.620
F0 =
8.36
B =
8.300
F1 =
5.12
t =
0.140
F2 =
3.80
d =
1.170
T A B L E UUEB
L = 17. 620
B =
8.550
t =
0.140
d =
1.170
94
TABLE
UUEB
L = 17. 620
B =
8.810
t =
0.140
d =
1.170
95
TABLE
UUEB
L = 17. 620
B =
9. 0 7 0
t =
0.140
d =
1.170
96
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.46
5.07
3.72
M2
=
20.44
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.57
5.02
3.65
M2
=
20.92
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.67
4.97
3.59
M2
=
21.43
Design tablesfor folded plates types UUEB 75
TABLE
UUEB
L = 17. 620
B =
9.340
t =
0.140
d =
1.170
97
TABLE
UUEB
L = 17.620
98
B
t
d
=
=
=
9.620
0.140
1.170
(3
=
=
=
F0
(3
=
FOLDS)
8.89
F1
F2
=
=
4.88
3.46
T A B L E UUEB 99
L
S
t
d
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.78
4.93
3.53
F0
F1
F2
M2
=
22.00
M2
=
22.61
(3 FOLDS)
18. 150
8.300
0.140
i. 2 1 0
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
8.48
5.31
3.97
M2
=
20.16
TABLE
HUEB
L = 18. 150
B =
8. 5 5 0
t =
0.140
d =
1.210
I00
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.58
5.26
3.89
M2
=
20.61
TABLE
UUEB
L = 18.150
B =
8.810
t =
0.140
d =
1.210
I01
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.68
5.20
3.82
M2
=
21. I0
UUEB
TABLE
L = 18.150
B =
9.070
t =
0.140
d =
1.210
I02
M2
=
21.62
F0
F1
F2
( 3 FOLDS)
=
=
=
8.78
5.15
3.75
76
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
UUEB
L = 18.150
B =
9.340
t =
0.140
d =
1.210
103
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS )
8.89
5.I0
M2
3.68
=
22.18
TABLE
UUEB
L = 18. 150
B =
9.620
t =
0.140
d =
i. 2 1 0
104
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.99
5.05
3.62
M2
=
22.80
TABLE
UUEB
L = 18. 150
B =
9.910
t =
0.140
d =
1.210
105
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
9.10
5.01
3.55
M2
=
23.48
T A B L E U'tlEB
L = 18. 690
B =
8.550
t =
0.140
d =
1.250
106
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.70
5.45
4.07
M2
=
20.79
T A B L E UUEB
L = 18. 690
B =
8.810
107
F0
F1
(3
=
=
FOLDS)
8.80
5.39
=
3.99
M2
=
21.29
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.90
5.34
3.92
M2
=
21.81
t
d
=
=
0.140
1. 2 5 0
F2
TABLE
UUEB
L = 18. 690
B =
9.070
t =
0.140
d =
i. 2 5 0
108
F0
F1
F2
Design tablesfor folded plates types UUEB 77
TABLE
UUEB
L = 18. 690
B =
9.340
t =
0.140
109
(3 F O L D S )
=
=
=
9.01
3.85
M2
110
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS )
9.11
5.24
3.78
M2 =  2 3 . 0 0
TABLE
UUEB
L = 18.690
B =
9.910
t =
0.140
d =
i. 2 5 O
i11
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
9.22
5.19
3.71
M2
=
23.67
TABLE
UUEB
L = 18.690
B = 10.210
t =
0.140
d =
1.250
I12
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS )
9.33
5.14
M2
3.64
=
24.41
TABLE
UUEB
L = 19. 250
B =
8.810
t =
0.140
d =
i. 2 8 0
II 3
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
9.03
5.62
4.19
M2
=
21.68
TABLE
UUEB
L = 19. 250
B =
9. 0 7 0
t =
0.140
d =
1.28O
114
M2
=
22.20
d
=
=
5.29
=
22.38
1.250
TABLE
UUEB
L = 18.690
B =
9.620
t =
0.140
d
F0
F1
F2
1.250
F0
F1
F2
(3 F O L D S )
=
=
=
9.13
5.57
4.11
78
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
UUEB
L = 19. 250
B =
9.340
t =
0.140
d =
i. 2 8 0
115
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
9.23
5.51
4.04
TABLE UUEB
L = 19. 250
B =
9.620
116
F0
F1
(3
=
=
FOLDS)
9.34
5.46
=
M2
=
22.76
3.96
M2
=
23.38
TABLE UUEB 117
(3
L = 1 9 . 250
F0 =
B =
9.910
F1 =
t =
0.140
F2 =
d =
i. 2 8 0
FOLDS)
9.45
5.41
3.89
M2
=
24.05
TABLE
~
L = 19.250
B = 10.210
t =
0.140
d =
1.280
118
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
9.56
5.35
3.82
M2
=
24.78
TABLE
UUEB
L = 19. 250
B = !0.520
t =
0.140
d =
i. 2 8 0
I19
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS )
9.67
5.30
M2
3.76
=
25.58
t
d
=
=
0.140
1.280
F2
Appendix 2. Design tables for folded
plates types PUEB
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
PUEB
TABLE
PUEB
L = 12.00
B =
5.65
t =
0.I0
d =
0.80
2
TABLE
PUEB
L = 12.00
B =
5.82
t =
0.i0
d =
0.80
3
TABLE
PUEB
L = 12.00
B =
5.99
t =
0.10
d =
0.8O
4
TABLE
PUEB
L = 12.00
B =
6.17
t =
0.i0
d =
0.80
5
TABLE
PUEB
L = 12.00
B =
6.36
t =
0.10
d =
0.80
6
' See also Figs A1 and A2, p. 58
(3
1
12.00
5.49
0.10
0.80
FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
0.45
0.45
0.98
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.45
0.45
0.96
M2
=
3.50
M2
=
3.71
( 3 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
0.44
0.44
0.94
M2
=
3.94
(3
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.44
0.44
0.92
M2
=
4.17
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.43
0.43
0.89
M2
=
4.42
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS )
0.43
0.43
0.87
M2
=
4.70
80
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
PUEB
L = 12.00
B =
6.55
t =
0.10
d =
0.80
7
TABLE
PUEB
L = 12.36
B =
5.65
t =
0.i0
d =
O.82
8
TABLE
PUEB
L = 12.36
9
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS )
0.43
0.43
0.85
M2
=
4.98
(3
M2
=
3.71
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.47
0.47
1.02
F0
(3
=
FOLDS)
0.46
s
=
5.82
FI
=
0.46
t
d
=
=
0.i0
O.82
F2
=
0.99
M2
=
3.94
M2
=
4.17
TABLE
PUEB
L = 12.36
B =
5.99
t =
0.i0
d =
0.82
i0
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.46
0.46
0.97
TABLE
PUEB
L = 12.36
B =
6.17
ii
F0
F1
(3
=
=
FOLDS)
0.45
0.45
=
0.94
M2
=
4.42
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.45
0.45
0.92
M2
=
4.70
t
=
o.~o
d
=
0.82
TABLE
PUEB
L = 12.36
B =
6.36
t =
0.10
d =
0.82
F2
12
F0
F1
F2
Design tables forfoldedplates types PUEB
TABLE
PUEB
13
(3 FOLDS)
L
=
12.36
F0
=
B
=
6.55
F1
=
0.44
t
=
0.i0
F2
=
0.90
d
=
0.82
TABLE
PUEB
14
0.44
=
12.36
F0
=
B
=
6.75
F1
=
0.44
t
=
0.I0
F2
=
0.88
d
=
0.82
PUEB
15
12.73
5.82
F0
F1
=
=
0.48
0.48
t
=
0.10
F2
=
1.04
d
=
0.85
16
=
12.73
F0
=
B
=
5.99
F1
=
0.47
t
=
0.I0
F2
=
1.02
d
=
O.85
P U E B 17
12.73
6.17
F0
F1
=
=
0.47
0.47
t
d
=
=
0.i0
0.85
F2
=
0.99
=
18
12.73
F0
M2
=
4.17
M2
=
4.42
M2
=
4.70
(3 FOLDS)
=
=
L
3.94
0.47
L
B
TABLE PUEB
M2 =
(3 FOLDS)
L
TABLE
5.29
=
(3 FOLDS)
=
=
PUEB
M2
0.44
L
B
TABLE
4.98
(3 FOLDS)
L
TABLE
M2 =
(3 FOLDS)
=
0.47
B
=
6.36
F1
=
0.47
t
=
0.I0
F2
=
0.97
d
=
0.85
81
82 Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
PUEB
L = 12.73
B =
6.55
t =
0.i0
d =
0.85
19
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.46
0.46
0.95
M2
=
4.98
TABLE
PUEB
L = 12.73
B =
6.75
t =
0.I0
d =
0.85
20
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.46
0.46
0.92
M2
=
5.29
TABLE
PUEB
L = 12.73
B =
6.95
t =
0.i0
d =
0.85
21
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.45
0.45
0.90
M2
=
5.61
PUEB
TABLE
L = 13.11
B =
6.00
t =
0.10
d =
0.87
22
TABLE
PUEB
L = 13.11
B =
6.18
t =
0.I0
d =
0.87
23
F0
F1
F2
TABLE
PUEB
L = 13.11
B =
6.37
24
t
=
o.
d
=
0.87
o
F0
F1
F2
(3 FOLDS)
=
=
=
0.49
0.49
1.08
M2
=
4.18
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS}
0.49
0.49
1.05
M2
=
4.44
(3
M2
=
4.71
F0
F1
=
=
FOLDS)
0.49
0.49
F2
=

.o2
Design tablesfor folded plates types PUEB 83
TABLE PUEB 25
(3 FOLDS)
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
13.11
6.56
0.i0
0.87
F0
F1
F2
0.48
0.48
i.00
TABLE PUEB 25
(3 FOLDS)
L
=
13.11
F0
=
B
=
6.76
F1
=
0.48
t
d
=
=
0.i0
0.87
F2
=
0.97
TABLE PUEB 2 7
(3
FOLDS)
L
B
13.11
6.96
F0
F1
=
=
0.47
0.47
t
=
0.i0
F2
=
0.95
d
=
O.87
TABLE PUEB 28
(3 FOLDS)
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
13.11
7.17
0.I0
0.87
F0
F1
F2
0.47
0.47
0.93
TABLE PUEB 29
(3 FOLDS)
L
=
13.50
F0
=
B
=
6.18
F1
=
0.51
t
=
0.10
F2
=
1.11
d
=
0.90
(3 FOLDS)
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
13.50
6.37
0.i0
O.9O
F0
F1
F2
5.00
M2
=
5.31
M2
=
5.63
M2
=
5.97
M2
=
4.44
0.51
T A B L E P U E B 30
=
=
=
=
=
0.48
=
=
=
=
=
=
M2
0.50
0.50
1.08
M2 
4.71
84
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
PUEB
31
(3 F O L D S )
L
B
=
=
13.50
6.56
F0
F1
=
=
0.50
0.50
t
d
=
=
0.i0
0.90
F2
=
1.05
TABLE
PUEB
32
=
13.50
F0
=
B
=
6.76
F1
=
0.49
t
=
0.10
F2
=
1.03
d
=
0.90
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
PUEB
13.50
6.96
0.10
0.90
33
F0
F1
F2
0.49
0.49
I.00
(3 FOLDS)
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
13.50
7.17
0.10
O.9O
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
PUEB
13.50
7.39
0.10
0.90
TABLE
PUEB
L
B
t
=
=
=
13.91
6.36
0.10
d
=
0.93
F0
F1
F2
35
F0
F1
F2
36
F0
F1
F2
5.00
M2
=
5.31
M2
=
5.63
M2
=
5.97
M2
=
6.35
M2
=
4.70
0.49
TABLE PUEB 34
=
=
=
=
=
(3 F O L D S )
L
TABLE
M2
0.48
0.48
0.98
(3 F O L D S )
=
=
=
0.48
0.48
0.95
(3
FOLDS)
=
=
=
0.52
0.52
1.14
Design tablesforfoldedplates types PUEB 85
T A B L E P U E B 37
(3 FOLDS)
L
=
13.91
F0
=
0.52
B
t
d
=
=
=
6.55
0.i0
0.93
F1
F2
=
=
0.52
I.II
T A B L E PUEB 3 8
(3
FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
13.91
6.75
F0
F1
=
=
0.51
0.51
t
d
=
=
0.10
0.93
F2
=
1.09
T A B L E P U E B 39
([3 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
13.91
6.95
F0
F1
=
=
0.51
0.51
t
=
0.i0
F2
=
1.06
d
=
0.93
T A B L E PUEB 40
(3 FOLDS)
L
=
13.91
F0
=
B
=
7.16
F1
=
0.50
t
=
0.10
F2
=
1.03
d
=
0.93
(3 FOLDS)
L
=
13.91
F0
=
B
=
7.37
F1
=
0.50
t
d
=
=
0.10
0.93
F2
=
i.01
(3
FOLDS)
PUEB
42
4.98
M2
=
5.29
M2
=
5.61
M2
=
5.96
M2
=
6.31
M2
=
6.69
0.50
T A B L E PUEB 41
TABLE
M2 =
0.50
L
=
13.91
F0
=
0.49
B
=
7.59
F1
=
0.49
t
d
=
=
0.10
0.93
F2
=
0.98
86
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
PUEB
L = 14.33
B =
6.56
t =
0.10
d =
0.96
43
TABLE
PI/EB
L = 14.33
44
B
=
6.76
t
d
=
=
0.I0
0.96
F0
F1
F2
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.54
0.54
1.17
(3
=
FOLDS)
0.53
M2
=
5.00
=
0.53
=
1.15
M2
=
5.31
M2
=
5.63
M2
=
5.97
TABLE
PUEB
L = 14.33
B =
6.96
t =
0.i0
d =
0.96
45
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.53
0.53
1.12
TABLE
PUEB
L = 14.33
B =
7.17
46
F0
F1
(3
=
=
FOLDS)
0.52
0.52
=
1.09
(3
=
FOLDS)
0.52
=
=
0.52
1.06
M2
=
6.35
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.51
0.51
1.04
M2
=
6.73
t
d
=
=
0.10
0.96
TABLE PUEB
L = 14.33
B
t
d
=
=
=
7.39
0.10
0.96
TABLE
PI]EB
L = 14.33
B =
7.61
t =
0.I0
d =
0.96
F2
47
F0
F1
F2
48
F0
F1
F2
Design tablesforfoldedplates types PUEB 87
TABLE PUEB
L = 14.33
B =
7.84
t
=
o.~o
d
=
0.96
TABLE
PUEB
L = 14.76
s =
6.75
t
=
0.12
d
=
0.98
TABLE PUEB
L = 14.76
B =
6.95
t =
0.12
d
=
49
F0
F1
F2
50
=
i.o~
M2
=
7.14
(3 F O L D S )
=
=
F2
=
1.19
M2
=
6.07
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.60
0.60
1.16
M2
=
6.43
51
F0
F1
F2
0.60
0.60
0.98
52
TABLE
PUEB
L = 14.76
B =
7.37
t =
0.12
d =
0.98
TABLE PUEB
L = 14.76
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.51
0.51
F0
FZ
TABLE
PUEB
L = 14.76
B =
7.16
t =
0.12
d =
0.98
B
t
d
(3
=
=
7.59
0.12
0.98
F0
F1
F2
(3 F O L D S )
=
=
=
0.59
0.59
1.14
M2
=
6.83
53
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.58
0.58
i.ii
M2
=
7.23
54
F0
(3
=
FOLDS)
0.58
=
=
0.58
1.08
M2
=
7.67
F1
F2
88
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
PUEB
55
(3 F O L D S )
L
B
=
=
14.76
7.82
F0
F1
=
=
0.57
0.57
t
=
0.12
F2
=
1.06
d =
TABLE
PUEB
56
=
8.14
M2
=
8.63
M2
=
6.43
M2
=
6.83
M2
=
7.23
M2
=
7.67
(3 F O L D S )
L
=
14.76
F0
=
B
=
8.05
F1
=
0.57
t
=
0.12
F2
=
1.03
d =
0.57
0.98
TABLE
PUEB
57
(3 F O L D S )
L
=
15.20
F0
=
B
=
6.95
F1
=
0.62
t
=
0.12
F2
=
1.23
d
=
1.01
TABLE
PUEB 58
0.62
(3 FOLDS)
L
=
15.20
F0
=
0.61
B
t
d
=
=
=
7.16
0.12
1.01
F1
F2
=
=
0.61
1.20
TABLE
PUEB
59
(3 F O L D S )
L
=
15.20
F0
=
0.61
B
t
=
=
7.37
0.12
F1
F2
=
=
0.61
1.17
d
=
1.01
TABLE Prom 6o
(3 FOLDS)
L
F0
=
=
M2
0.98
15.20
B =
7.59
F1
=
t
=
0.12
F2
=
d
=
1.01
0.60
0.60
1.14
Design tablesfor folded plates types PUEB 89
TABLE
PUEB
61
(3 F O L D S )
L
=
15.20
F0
=
0.59
B
=
7.82
F1
=
0.59
t
=
0.12
F2
=
i. II
d
=
1.01
TABLE
PUEB
62
=
15.20
F0
=
0.59
B
=
8.05
F1
=
0.59
t
=
0.12
F2
=
1.09
d
=
1.01
L
=
PUEB
15.20
B =
8.29
t
=
0.12
d
=
1.01
TABLE
63
=
F1
F2
=
=
F0
=
0.64
B
=
7.16
F1
=
0.64
t
=
0.12
F2
=
1.27
d
=
1.04
M2
=
9.15
M2
=
6.83
M2
=
7.23
M2
=
7.67
(3 F O L D S )
L
=
15.66
F0
=
0.63
B
=
7.37
F1
=
0.63
t
=
0.12
F2
=
1.24
d
=
1.04
TABLE PUEB 66
(3 FOLDS)
L
=
15.66
F0
=
0.63
B
t
d
=
=
=
7.59
0.12
1.04
F1
F2
=
=
0.63
1.21
~
8.63
(3 FOLDS)
15.66
65
=
0.58
1.06
=
PUEB
M2
0.58
L
TABLE
8.14
(3 F O L D S )
F0
PUEB 64
=
(3 F O L D S )
L
TABLE
M2
90 Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
(3 FOLDS)
TABLE
PUEB
L = 15.66
B =
7.82
t =
0.12
d =
1.04
67
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
0.62
0.62
1.18
M2
=
8.14
TABLE
PUEB
L = 15.66
B =
8.05
t =
0.12
d =
1.04
68
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.61
0.61
1.15
M2
=
8.63
PUEB 6 9
TABLE
L = 15.66
F0
B =
8.29
F1
t =
0.12
F2
d =
1.04
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.61
0.61
1.12
M2
=
9.15
TABLE
PUEB
L = 15.66
B =
8.54
t =
0.12
d =
1.04
70
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.60
0.60
1.09
M2
=
9.71
TABLE
PUEB
L = 16.13
71
F0
(3
=
FOLDS)
0.65
B
=
7.38
t
d
=
=
0.12
1.08
=
F2
T A B L E PUEB 7 2
L = 16.13
F0
B =
7.60
F1
t =
0.12
F2
d =
1.08
0.65
=
1.30
M2
=
7.25
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.65
0.65
1.27
M2
=
7.69
Design tables forfoldedplates types PUEB 91
TABLE PUEB 73
(3 FOLDS)
L
=
16.13
F0
=
0.64
B
=
7.83
F1
=
0.64
t
d
=
=
0.12
1.08
F2
=
1.24
TABLE PUEB 74
(3 FOLDS)
L
=
16.13
F0
=
0.63
B
t
d
=
=
=
8.06
0.12
1.08
F1
F2
=
=
0.63
1.21
TABLE PUEB 75
(3 FOLDS)
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
16.13
8.30
0.12
1.08
F0
F1
F2
0.63
0.63
1.18
TABLE PUEB 7 6
( 3 FOLDS)
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
0.62
0.62
1.15
(3
FOLDS
=
=
=
0.61
0.61
1.12
=
=
=
=
16.13
8.55
0.12
1.08
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
PUEB
16.13
8.81
0.12
1.08
F0
F1
F2
77
F0
F1
F2
( 3 FOLDS)
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
16.61
7.60
0.12
i.ii
F0
F1
F2
0.67
0.67
1.34
=
8.17
M2
=
8.65
M2
=
9.17
M2
=
9.74
M2
=
i0.34
M2
=
7.69
)
TABLE PUEB 7 8
=
=
=
=
M2
92
ConcreteFolded Plate Roofs
TABLE PUEB 79
(3 FOLDS)
L
=
16.61
FO
=
0.67
B
t
=
=
7.83
0.12
F1
F2
=
=
0.67
1.31
d
=
i.ii
(3
FOLDS)
TABLE
PUEB
80
L
=
16.61
F0
=
B
=
8.06
F1
=
0.66
t
d
=
=
0.12
1.11
F2
=
1.28
TABLE
PUEB
L
B
t
=
=
=
16.61
8.30
0.12
d
=
i.ii
TABLE
PUEB
81
F0
F1
F2
82
0.65
0.65
1.25
F0
=
B
=
8.55
F1
=
0.65
t
=
0.12
F2
=
1.22
d
=
1.11
16.61
F0
=
0.64
B
t
=
=
8.81
0.12
F1
F2
=
=
0.64
1.19
d
=
1.11
84
9.17
M2
=
9.74
M2
=
i0.34
M2
=
I0.96
(3 FOLDS)
=
PUEB
M2 =
0.65
L
TABLE
8.65
=
(3 FOLDS)
16.61
83
M2
(3 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
PUEB
8.17
0.66
L
TABLE
M2 =
(3 FOLDS)
L
=
16.61
F0
=
0.63
B
=
9.07
F1
=
0.63
t
=
0.12
F2
=
1.16
d
=
1.11
Design tablesfor folded plates types PUEB 93
TABLE
PUEB
L = 17.11
B =
7.83
t
d
0.12
1.14
=
=
85
=
0.70
F1
F2
=
0.70
TABLE
PUEB
L = 17.11
B =
8.06
t =
0.12
d =
1.14
86
TABLE
87
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
PUEB
17.11
8.30
0.12
1.14
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
PUEB
17.11
8.55
0.12
1.14
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
PUEB
17.11
8.81
0.12
1.14
TABLE
PUEB
L = 17.11
B =
9.07
t =
0.12
d =
1.14
(3 F O L D S )
F0
F0
F1
F2
F0
F1
F2
88
F0
FI
F2
89
F0
F1
F2
90
F0
F1
F2
=
1.38
M2
=
8.17
M2
=
8.65
M2
=
9.17
M2
=
9.74
M2
= i0.34
M2
=
(3 F O L D S )
=
=
=
0.69
0.69
1.35
(3 F O L D S )
=
=
=
0.68
0.68
1.32
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.67
0.67
1.28
(3 F O L D S )
=
=
=
0.67
0.67
1.25
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.66
0.66
1.22
10.96
94
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
P U E B 91
L
B
t
=
=
=
17.11
9.34
0o12
d
=
1.14
TABLE
F0
F1
F2
P U E B 92
(3 FOLDS)
=
=
=
0.65
0.65
1.19
=
=
17.62
8.06
F0
F1
=
=
0.77
0.77
t
=
0.14
F2
=
1.41
d
=
1.17
(3
FOLDS)
PUEB
93
L
=
17.62
F0
=
B
=
8.30
F1
=
0.76
t
=
0.14
F2
=
1.38
d
=
1.17
TABLE
P U E B 94
17.62
F0
=
0.75
B
=
8.ss
FZ
=
o.7s
t
d
=
=
0.14
1.17
F2
=
1.35
=
P U E B 95
17.62
F0
8.81
F1 =
t
=
0.14
F2
d
=
1.17
=
(3 FOLDS)
17.62
9.07
F0
F1
=
=
0.73
0.73
F2
=
1.28
0.14
=
1.17
M2
=
10.35
M2
=
10.98
M2
=
11.66
M2
=
12.35
0.74
1.31
L =
B =
=
9.76
0.74
TABLE PUEB 96
d
=
(3 FOLDS)
=
B =
t
M2
(3 FOLDS)
=
L
11.62
0.76
L
TABLE
=
(3 FOLDS)
L
B
TABLE
M2
Design tables forfoldedplates types PUEB
TABLE
PUEB
L = 17.62
B =
9.34
t
=
o.14
d
=
1.17
97
F0
F1
F2
(3
=
=
FOLDS)
0.72
0.72
=
1.25
M2
=
13. I0
TABLE PUEB 98
(3 FOLDS)
L =
B =
t =
d =
=
=
=
0.72
0.72
1.22
M2
=
13.90
(3
FOLDS}
0.79
0.79
1.45
M2
=
i0.35
17.62
9.62
0.14
1.17
F0
F1
F2
~B
TABLE
L = 18.15
B =
8.30
t =
0.14
d =
1.21
99
TABLE
100
PUEB
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
(3
FOLDS)
L
=
18.15
FO
=
0.78
B
=
8.55
FI
=
0.78
t
d
=
=
0.14
1.21
F2
=
1.42
M2
=
10.98
TABLE
PUEB
L = 18.15
B =
:8.81
t =
0.14
d =
1.21
IO1
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
FOLnS)
0.77
0.77
1.38
M2
=
ii. 66
TABLE
102
M2
=
12.35
PUEB
L
B
t
=
=
=
18.15
9.07
0.14
d
=
1.21
F0
FI
F2
(3
(3
=
=
=
FOLDS
0.76
0.76
~.35
)
95
96
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
(3 FOLDS)
TABLE
PUEB
L = 18.15
B =
9.34
t =
0.14
d =
1.21
103
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
TABLE
PUEB
L = 18.15
B =
9.62
t =
0.14
d =
1.21
104
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
TABLE
PUEB
L = 18.15
B =
9.91
t =
0.14
d =
1.21
105
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
TABLE
PUEB
L = 18.69
B =
8.55
t =
0.14
d =
1.25
106
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
TABLE
PUEB
L = 18.69
B =
8.81
t =
0.14
d =
1.25
107
TABLE
PUEB
L = 18.69
B =
9.07
t =
0.14
d =
1.25
108
F0
F1
F2
F0
F1
F2
(3
0.75
0.75
1.32
M2
=
13. i0
FOLDS)
0.74
0.74
1.29
M2
=
13.90
M2
=
14.75
M2
=
i0.98
M2
=
11.66
M2
=
12.35
(3 FOLDS)
0.73
0.73
1.26
(3 FOLDS)
0.81
0.81
1.50
(3 FOLDS)
=
=
=
0.80
0.80
1.46
(3 FOLDS)
=
=
=
0.79
0.79
1.42
Design tablesfor folded plates types PUEB 97
TABLE
PUEB
(3 FO~S)
109
L
=
18.69
F0
=
O.78
B
=
9.34
F1
=
0.78
t
=
0.14
F2
=
1.39
d
=
1.25
TABLE
PUEB
=
18.69
F0
=
B
=
9.62
F1
=
t
=
0.14
F2
=
d
=
1.25
PUEB
0.77
0.77
1.36
=
18.69
F0
=
0.76
B
=
9.91
F1
=
0.76
t
=
0.14
F2
=
1.32
d
=
1.25
PUEB
18.69
F0
=
B
=
10.21
F1
=
0.76
t
=
0.14
F2
=
1.29
d
=
1.25
=
19.25
F0
=
B
=
8.81
F1
=
t
=
0.14
F2
=
d
=
1.28
PUEB
=
13.90
M2
=
14.75
M2
=
15.65
M2
= ii. 66
M2
=
( 3 FOLDS)
I13
L
TABLE
M2
0.76
=
PUEB
i0
(3 FO~S)
i12
L
TABLE
13.
(3 FO~S)
iii
L
TABLE
=
( 3 FO~S)
ii0
L
TABLE
M2
0.84
0.84
1.54
(3 FOLDS)
114
L
=
19.25
F0
=
0.83
B
t
d
=
=
=
9.07
0.14
1.28
F1
F2
=
=
1.51
0.83
12.35
98
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
(3 FOLDS)
TABLE
PUEB
L = 19.25
B =
9.34
t =
0.14
d =
1.28
115
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
TABLE
PUEB
L = 19.25
B =
9.62
t =
0.14
d =
1.28
116
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
TABLE
PUEB
L = 19.25
B =
9.91
t =
0.14
d =
1.28
117
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
TABLE
PUEB
L = 19.25
B = 10.21
t =
0.14
d =
1.28
118
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
TABLE
PUEB
L = 19.25
B = 10.52
t =
0.14
d =
1.28
119
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
0.82
0.82
1.47
M2
=
13. i0
M2
=
13.90
M2
=
14.75
M2
=
15.65
M2
=
16.62
(a FOLDS)
0.81
0.81
1.43
(3 FOLDS)
0.80
0.80
1.40
(3 FOLDS)
0.79
0.79
1.36
(3 FOLDS)
0.78
0.78
1.33
This page intentionally left blank
100
2
.y
4
0
B
I
B
~i <
=~
Fig. A3
o
~
~
~
,..._,..._
Fig. A4
/
,
..
/
230
o
t
(
i
r
,
0
1 ~"/~1
. .."'"
~"
1
B
Fig. A2
Appendix 3. Design tables for folded
plates types CUUEB
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CUUEB
1
12.000
5.490
0.i00
0.800
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 12.000
B =
5.650
t =
0.I00
d =
0.800
2
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 12.000
B =
5.820
t =
0.I00
d =
0.800
3
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 12.000
B =
5. 9 9 0
t =
0.100
d =
0.800
4
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 12.000
B =
6.170
t =
0.i00
d =
0.800
5
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 12.000
B =
6.360
t =
0.100
d =
0.800
6
See Figs A3, A4 and A2
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
6.11
4.15
3.08
3.17
M2
M3
=
=
5.35
i. 44
F0
F1
F2
F3
(S
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.14
4.10
3.01
3.09
M2
M3
=
=
5.50
I. 60
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.18
4.06
2.93
3.00
M2
M3
=
=
5.66
i. 77
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS )
6.22
4.01
2.86
2.91
M2
M3
=
=
5.82
i. 94
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.27
3.97
2.79
2.83
M2
M3
=
=
6.01
2.13
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS )
6.31
3.92
2.73
2.75
M2
M3
=
=
6.21
2.34
102
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 12.000
B =
6. 5 5 0
t =
0.100
d =
0.800
7
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS )
6.36
3.88
2.66
2.67
M2
M3
=
=
6.43
2.55
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 12. 360
B =
5.650
t =
0.100
d =
0.820
8
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.30
4.27
3.17
3.26
M2
M3
=
=
5.58
1.57
TABLE
CUUEB
L = i2. 360
B =
5.820
t =
0.100
d =
0.820
9
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.34
4.22
3.09
3.17
M2
M3
=
=
5.74
1.74
TABLE
10
F0
(5
=
FOLDS)
6.38
=
=
=
4.18
3.02
3.08
M2
M3
=
=
5.90
1.91
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.42
4.13
2.94
2.99
M2
M3
=
=
6.09
2.10
T A B L E CUUEB 1 2
L = 12.360
F0
(5
=
FOLDS)
6.47
B
t
d
=
=
=
4.08
2.87
2.91
M2
M3
=
6.29
=
2.31
L =
B
t
d
=
=
=
CUUEB
12.360
5.990
0.100
0.820
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 12. 360
B =
6.170
t =
0.100
d =
0.820
=
=
=
6.360
0.100
0.820
F1
F2
F3
II
F0
F1
F2
F1
F2
F3
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUUEB
TABLE
C'UUEB 13
L = 12.360
F0
B =
6.550
F1
t =
0.i00
F2
d =
0.820
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.52
4.04
2.80
2.83
M2
M3
=
=
6.51
2.51
T~d3LE CUUEB 14
{ 5 FOLDS)
L = 12. 360
F0 =
6.56
B =
6.750
F1 =
3.99
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
2.73
M2
=
6.74
d
=
0.820
F3
=
2.75
M3
=
2.74
M2
M3
=
=
5.75
i. 73
TABLE
CIR/EB
L : 12. 730
B :
5.820
t =
0.100
d =
0.850
15
F0
TABLE
C[RJEB
L = 12. 730
B =
5.990
t =
0.i00
d =
0.850
(5
:
F1
:
F2
F3
=
=
FOLDS)
6.41
4.36
3.24
3.34
16
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
:
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.45
4.31
3.17
3.25
M2
M3
=
=
5.92
1.91
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 12. 730
B =
6.170
t =
0.i00
d =
0.850
17
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.49
4.27
3.09
3.16
M2
M3
=
=
6.11
2.09
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 12. 730
B =
6.360
t =
0.I00
d =
0.850
18
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
:
=
FOLDS)
6.54
4.22
3.01
3.07
M2
M3
=
=
6.32
2.30
103
104
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 12. 730
B =
6.550
19
F0
F1
(5
=
=
FOLDS )
6.58
4.17
2.94
t
=
0.100
F2
=
d
=
0.850
F3
=
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 12. 730
B =
6.750
t =
0.i00
d
=
0.850
20
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
M2
M3
=
=
FOLDS)
6.63
4.12
2.87
M2
=
6.77
2.90
M3
=
2.73
M2
M3
=
=
7.02
2.96
M2
M3
=
=
6.02
1.88
6.21
(5
=
FOLDS)
6.68
=
=
=
4.08
2.80
2.82
T A B L E CUUEB 2 2
L = 13.110
F0
(5
=
FOLDS)
6.63
B
t
d
=
=
=
4.49
3.33
3.43
TABLE
L =
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
=
=
TAS
L
B
CUt.S
12.730
6.950
0.i00
0.850
6.000
0.i00
0.870
CUU
=
=
=
0.
d
=
0.870
00
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 13.110
B =
6.370
t =
0.i00
=
F1
F2
F3
F1
F2
F3
23
13.110
6.180
t
d
21
F0
(5
=
=
=
2.98
0.870
6.53
2.51
(5 F O L D S )
F0
F1
=
=
6.67
4.44
F2
=
3.25
F3
=
3.33
M2
M3
=
=
FOLDS)
6.72
4.39
3.17
M2
=
6.41
3.24
M3
=
2.27
24
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
2.07
Design tables f or folded plates types CUUEB
TABLE
CUUEB 25
(5
FOLDS)
L
=
13.110
F0
=
6.76
B
t
d
=
=
=
6.560
0.i00
0.870
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
4.34
3.09
3.15
M2
M3
=
=
6.63
2.48
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.81
4.29
3.02
3.06
M2
M3
=
=
6.87
2.71
(5
FOLDS)
=
=
=
6.86
4.25
2.95
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 13.110
B =
6.760
t =
0.100
d =
0.870
26
TABLE
27
L
B
t
=
=
=
CUUEB
13.110
6.960
0.i00
F0
F1
F2
F3
F0
F1
F2
M2
=
7.11
2.97
M3
=
2.94
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.91
4.20
2.88
2.89
M2
=
7.39
M3
=
3.19
TABLE CUUEB 29
(5
L
=
M2
M3
=
6.23
=
2.06
M2
M3
=
=
6.44
2.26
d =
0.870
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 13.110
B =
7.170
t =
0.i00
d =
0.870
F3 =
28
F0
F1
F2
F3
B =
6.180
F1 =
FOLDS)
6.77
4.59
t
d
0.I00
0.900
F2
F3
3.41
3.52
=
=
=
13.500
F0
=
=
TABLE CUIJEB 30
(5
L = 13.500
F0 =
B =
6.370
F1 =
FOLDS)
6.81
4.54
t
d
3.33
3.42
=
=
0.I00
0.900
F2
F3
=
=
105
106
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
T A B L E CIFtIEB 3 1
L = 13. 500
F0
B =
6.560
F1
(5
=
=
FOLDS)
6.85
4.49
t
d
=
=
3.25
3.32
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
0.i00
0.900
CUUEB
13.500
6.760
0.100
0.900
TABLE CtltIEB
L =
13.500
B =
6.960
F2
F3
32
F0
F1
F2
F3
33
F0
F1
(5
FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
6.90
4.44
3.17
3.23
(5
=
=
FOLDS)
6.94
4.39
3.09
t
=
0.100
F2

d
=
0.900
F3
=
T A B L E CIRIEB
L = 13.500
B =
7.170
t =
0.100
d
=
0.900
T A B L E CIJtIEB
L = 13.500
B =
7.390
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.900
TABLE
CIIIIEB
L = 13.910
B =
6.360
t =
0.100
d
=
0.930
34
F0
F1
F2
F3
35
F0
F1
F2
F3
36
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
3.14
FOLDS)
6.99
4.34
3.02
3.05
(5
=
=
FOLDS)
7.04
4.29
=
=
2.95
2.96
(5
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.92
4.71
3.51
=
3.62
M2
M3
=
=
6.66
2.47
M2
M3
=
=
6.90
2.70
=
7.15
2.93
M2
M3
=
=
7.42
3.17
M2
M3
=
=
7.72
3.44
M2
M3
=
=
6.47
2.24
M2
M3
=
Design tablesforfoldedplates types CUUEB 107
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 13.910
B =
6.550
t =
0.100
d =
0.930
37
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
6.96
4.65
3.42
3.52
M2
M3
=
6.69
=
2.45
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 13. 910
B =
6.750
t =
0.i00
d =
0.930
38
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.01
4.60
3.34
3.41
M2
M3
=
=
6.93
2.67
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 13. 910
B =
6.950
t =
0.i00
d =
0.930
39
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.05
4.55
3.26
3.32
M2
M3
=
=
7.18
2.90
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 13.910
B =
7.160
t =
0.100
d =
0.930
40
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.10
4.50
3.18
3.23
M2
M3
=
=
7.45
3.15
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 13. 910
B =
7.370
t =
0.i00
d =
0.930
41
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.14
4.45
3.10
3.14
M2
M3
=
=
7.74
3.40
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 13.910
B =
7.590
t =
0.i00
d =
0.930
42
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.19
4.40
3.03
3.05
M2
M3
=
8.05
=
3.67
F0
F1
F2
F3
108
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TJUBIHg ~ B
L = 14.330
B =
6.560
t =
0.i00
d =
0.960
43
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.09
4.82
9
3.59
3.71
M2
M3
=
=
6.74
2.44
TABLE
C[VOEB
L = 14. 330
B =
6.760
t =
0.100
d =
0.960
44
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.13
4.77
3.50
3.60
M2
M3
=
=
2.66
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 14. 330
B =
6. 9 6 0
t =
0.100
d =
0.960
45
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.17
4.72
3.42
3.50
M2
M3
=
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 14.330
B =
7.170
t =
0.100
d =
0.960
46
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.22
4.66
3.34
3.40
M2
M3
=
7.51
3.14
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 14. 330
B =
7.390
t =
0.i00
d =
0.960
47
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.27
4.61
3.26
3.31
M2
M3
=
=
7.81
3.41
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 14. 330
B =
7.610
t =
0.100
d =
0.960
48
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.32
4.56
3.18
3.22
M2
M3
=
8.13
3.68
=
=
=
 6 . 9 8
7.24
2.89
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUUEB 109
TABLE
(5
FOLDS)
L
=
14. 330
CUUEB
49
F0
=
7.37
B
t
d
=
=
=
7.840
0.I00
0.960
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
4.51
3.11
3.13
M2
M3
=
=
8.47
3.97
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 14.760
B =
6.750
t =
0.120
d =
0.980
50
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.36
4.70
3.48
3.56
M2
M3
=
=
9.13
2.45
CUUEB
TABLE
L = 14.760
B =
6.950
t =
0.120
d =
0.980
51
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.42
4.65
3.39
3.46
M2
M3
=
=
9.38
2.72
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 14.760
B =
7.160
t =
0.120
d =
0.980
52
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.48
4.60
3.31
3.36
M2
M3
=
=
9.65
3.02
TABLE
~ S
L = 14.760
B =
7.370
t =
0.120
d =
0.980
53
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.54
4.54
3.23
3.27
M2
=
9.94
M3
=
3.31
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 14. 760
B =
7.590
t =
0.120
d =
0.980
54
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.61
4.49
3.16
3.18
M2
M3
=
=
i0.26
3.63
F0
F1
F2
F3
F0
F1
F2
F3
110
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
T A B L E CUUEB 5 5
L = 14. 760
F0
B =
7.820
F1
(5
=
=
FOLDS)
7.67
4.44
t
=
0.120
F2
=
3.08
d
=
0.980
F3
=
TABLE
=
=
10.60
3.98
M2
M3
=
10.97
=
4.32
(5
FOLDS)
7.74
4.39
3.01
3.01
T A B L E CUUEB 5 7
(5
FOLDS)
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
7.55
4.83
3.57
3.66
M2
M3
=
=
9.47
2.69
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.61
4.77
3.48
3.55
M2
M3
=
=
9.74
2.98
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.67
4.72
3.40
3.46
M2
M3
=
=
10.03
3.28
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.74
4.66
3.32
3.36
M2
M3
=
=
I0.35
3.60
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
14.760
8.050
0.120
0.980
15.200
6.950
0.120
1.010
56
M2
M3
=
=
=
=
L
B
t
d
CUUEB
3.10
F0
F1
F2
F3
F0
F1
F2
F3
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 15.200
B =
7.160
t =
0.120
d =
1.010
58
F0
F1
F2
F3
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 15.200
B =
7.370
t =
0.120
d =
1.010
59
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 15. 200
B =
7.590
t =
0.120
d =
1.010
60
F0
F1
F2
F3
F0
F1
F2
F3
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUUEB 111
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 15. 200
B =
7.820
t =
0.120
d =
1.010
61
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.81
4.61
3.24
3.27
TABLE
62
F0
(5
=
FOLDS)
7.87
=
=
=
L =
B
t
d
=
=
=
CUUEB
15.200
8.050
0.120
1.010
F1
F2
F3
M2
M3
=
=
i0.69
3.94
4.56
3.16
3.18
M2
M3
=
=
ii. 06
4.29
ii. 45
4.66
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 15.200
B =
8. 2 9 0
t =
0.120
d =
1.010
63
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.94
4.50
3.09
3.09
M2
M3
=
=
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 15.660
B =
7.160
t =
0.120
d =
1.040
64
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.77
4.96
3.67
3.76
M2
M3
=
9.84
=
2.94
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 15. 660
B =
7.370
t =
0.120
d =
1.040
65
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.83
4.90
3.58
3.65
M2
M3
=
=
3.24
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 15. 660
S =
7.590
t =
0.120
d =
1.040
66
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.89
4.85
3.50
3.55
M2
M3
=
=
i0.45
3.56
i0.13
112
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 15. 660
B =
7.820
t =
0.120
d =
1.040
67
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.96
4.79
3.41
3.46
M2
M3
=
=
i0.80
3.90
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 15. 660
B =
8.050
t =
0. 1 2 0
d =
1.040
68
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.02
4.74
3 . 33
3.36
M2
M3
=
=
ii. 16
4.25
TABLE CUUEB 6 9
L = 1 5 . 660
F0
B =
8.290
F1
t =
0.120
F2
d =
1.040
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOI/)S)
8.09
4.68
3.25
3.27
M2
M3
=
=
ii. 56
4.62
TABLE
(5
=
=
FOLDS)
8.17
4.63
=
=
3.18
3.18
M2
M3
=
=
ii. 99
5.02
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.90
5.07
3.76
3.85
M2
M3
=
i0.16
=
3.25
FOIl)S)
7.96
5.01
3.67
3.75
M2
M3
=
=
10.49
3.57
L
=
B
=
CUUEB
15. 660
8.540
t
d
=
=
0.120
1.040
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 16. 130
B =
7.380
t =
0.120
d =
1.080
70
F0
F1
F2
F3
71
F0
F1
F2
F3
TABI2~ CUUEB 72
(5
L = 1 6 . 130
F0 =
B =
7.600
F1 =
t =
0.120
F2 =
d =
1.080
F3 =
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUUEB 113
TABLE CIKIEB 73
(5
FOLDS)
L
=
F0
=
8.03
B
t
d
=
=
=
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
4.95
3.58
3.64
M2
M3
=
=
10.84
3.91
16.130
7. 8 3 0
0.120
1.080
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 16. 130
B =
8.060
t =
0.120
d =
1.080
74
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.09
4.89
3.49
3.54
M2
M3
=
=
11.21
4.26
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 16.130
B =
8. 3 0 0
t =
0.120
d =
1 .080
75
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.16
4.84
3.41
3 .45
M2
M3
=
=
Ii. 61
4.63
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 16. 130
B =
8.550
t =
0.120
d =
1. 0 8 0
76
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.23
4.78
3.33
3.35
M2
M3
=
=
12.04
5.03
TABLE
~ B
L = 16. 130
B =
8.810
t =
0.120
d =
1.080
77
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.30
4.73
3.25
3.26
M2
M3
=
=
12.52
5.45
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 16. 610
B =
7.600
t =
0.120
d =
I.ii0
78
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.14
5.21
3.86
3.96
M2
M3
=
=
I0.60
3.53
114
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
T A B L E CUUEB
L = 16. 610
B
t
d
=
=
=
7.830
0.120
i.ii0
79
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
FOLDS)
8.20
=
=
=
5.15
3.77
3.85
M2
M3
=
=
10.95
3.87
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 16. 610
B =
8.060
t =
0.120
d =
I.Ii0
80
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.26
5.09
3.68
3.74
M2
M3
=
=
11.32
4.21
T A B L E CUUEB
L = 16. 610
B =
8.300
t =
0.120
d =
1.110
81
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.33
5.03
3.59
3.64
M2
M3
=
=
ii. 71
4.59
TABLE
CE./EB
L = 16.610
B =
8.550
t =
0.120
d =
i. I I 0
82
M2
M3
=
=
12.15
4.98
T A B L E CUUEB
L = 16. 610
83
F0
M2
M3
=
=
12.62
5.41
M2
M3
=
=
13.12
5.84
B
t
d
=
=
=
8.810
0.120
1.110
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 16. 610
B =
9.070
0.120
t =
d
=
I.ii0
F0
F1
F2
F3
F1
F2
F3
84
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
8.40
4.97
3.51
3.54
(5
=
FOLDS)
8.47
=
=
=
4.92
3.42
3.44
(5
=
=
FOLDS)
8.55
4.86
=
3.34
=
3.35
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUUEB 115
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 17.110
B =
7. 8 3 0
t =
0.120
d =
1.140
85
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.39
5.36
3.97
4.07
M2
M3
=
=
ii. 07
3.82
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 17.110
B =
8.060
t =
0.120
d =
1.140
86
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.46
5.30
3.88
3.96
M2
M3
=
=
ii. 44
4.17
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 17.110
B =
8.300
t =
0.~20
d =
1.140
87
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.52
5.24
3.78
3.85
M2
M3
=
=
ii. 84
4.54
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 17.110
B =
8.550
t =
0.120
d =
1.140
88
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.59
5.18
3.69
3.74
M2
M3
=
=
12.27
4.94
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 17.110
B =
8.810
t =
0.~20
d =
1.140
89
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.66
5.12
3.60
3.64
M2
M3
=
=
12.74
5.36
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 17.110
B =
9.070
t =
0.120
d =
1.140
90
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.74
5.06
3.52
3.54
M2
M3
=
=
13.23
5.79
116
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 17.110
B =
9.340
t =
0.120
d =
1.140
91
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.81
5.00
3.44
3.45
M2
=
13.77
M3
=
6.26
TABLE C[R/EB 92
( 5 FOLDS)
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
8.71
5.27
3.89
3.97
M2
M3
=
=
14.45
3.90
=
=
=
=
17.620
8.060
0.140
1.170
F0
F1
F2
F3
TABLE
CtKIEB
L = 17. 620
B =
8.300
t =
0.140
d =
1.170
93
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.79
5.21
3.80
3.86
M2
M3
=
=
14.85
4.33
TABLE
CtKIEB
L = 17. 620
B =
8.550
t =
0.~40
d =
1.170
94
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.88
5.14
3.7~
3.76
M2
M3
=
=
15.29
4.79
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 17. 620
S =
8.810
t =
0.140
d =
1.170
95
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.97
5.08
3.62
3.65
M2
M3
=
=
15.76
5.28
TABLE
96
M2
M3
=
16.26
=
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
~ B
17. 620
9.070
0.140
1.170
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5 F O L D S )
=
=
=
=
9.06
5.02
3.53
3.55
5.78
Design tables f or folded plates types CUUEB
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 17.620
B =
9.340
t =
0.140
d =
1.170
97
TABLE
98
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CUUEB
17. 620
9.620
0.140
1.170
F0
F1
F2
F3
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
9.16
4.97
3.45
3.46
(5
FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
9.25
4.91
3.37
3.37
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 1S.150
B =
8.300
t =
0.140
d =
1.210
99
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
~ E B
L = 18.150
B =
8.550
t =
0.140
d =
1.210
100
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
~ B
L = 18.150
B =
8.810
t =
0.140
d =
1.210
I01
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 18. 150
B =
9.070
t =
0.140
d =
1.210
I02
F0
F1
F2
F3
M2
M3
=
=
16.81
6.32
M2
M3
=
6.88
8.92
5.40
4.00
4.08
M2
M3
=
=
14.95
4.30
FOLDS)
9.00
5.34
3.90
3.97
M2
M3
=
=
15.39
4.76
FOLDS)
9.09
5.27
3.81
3.86
M2
M3
=
=
15.87
5.25
M2
M3
=
=
16.37
5.75
= 17.40
(5 F O L D S )
(5
(5
(5 F O L D S )
=
=
=
=
9.18
5.21
3.72
3.75
117
118
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CIR/EB
L = 18. 150
B =
9.340
t =
0.140
d =
1.210
I03
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
9.27
5.15
3.63
3.65
M2
M3
=
=
16.92
6.28
3.54
3.55
M2
M3
=
=
17.51
6.84
FOLDS)
9.46
5.03
3.46
3.46
M2
M3
=
=
18.16
7.44
5.54
4.10
4.19
M2
M3
=
=
15.49
4.72
FOLDS)
9.22
5.47
4.00
4.07
M2
M3
=
=
15.97
5.21
FOLDS)
9.31
5.41
3.91
3.96
M2
M3
=
=
16.48
5.71
TAJBI.E CUUEB I 0 4
( 5 FOLDS)
L = 18.150
F0 =
9.37
B =
9.620
F1 =
5.09
t
d
=
=
0.140
1.210
F2
F3
=
=
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 18.150
B =
9.910
t =
0.140
d =
1.210
105
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 18.690
B =
8.550
t =
0.140
d =
1.250
106
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
amEB
L = 18. 690
B =
8.810
t =
0.140
d =
1.250
I07
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
~ S
L = 18. 690
B =
9.070
t =
0.140
d =
1.250
I OS
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
(5
(5
FOLDS)
9.14
(5
(5
Design tables for folded plates types CUUEB 119
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 18.690
B
t
d
=
=
=
TABLE
9. 3 4 0
0. 1 4 0
1.250
CUUEB
(5 FOLDS)
109
F0
=
9.40
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
5.35
3.82
3.86
M2
M3
=
=
17.03
6.24
(5 FOLDS)
II0
9.49
L
B
=
=
18.690
9. 6 2 0
F0
F1
=
=
t
=
0.140
F2
=
5.28
3.73
M2
=
17.62
d
=
1..250
F3
=
3.75
M3
=
6.80
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 18.690
iii
F0
=
9.59
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
5.22
3.64
3.65
M2
M3
=
=
18.27
7.40
112
F0
=
9.69
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
5.16
3.55
3.55
M2
M3
=
=
18.97
8.03
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 19.250
B =
8. 8 1 0
t =
0.140
d =
1.280
113
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
M2
=
16.21
M3
=
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 19.250
B =
9. 0 7 0
t =
0.140
d =
1.280
114
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
M2
M3
=
=
B
t
d
=
=
=
9. 9 1 0
0.140
1.250
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 18.690
B
t
d
=
=
=
10.210
0.140
1.250
(s FOLDS)
(s FOLDS)
(s FOLDS)
9.46
5.71
4.22
4.31
5. ii
(s FOLDS)
9.55
5.65
4.12
4.19
16.71
5.61
120
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 19. 250
B =
9.340
t =
0.140
d =
1.280
115
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 19.250
B =
9.620
t =
0.140
d =
1.280
I16
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CUUEB
L = 19. 250
B =
9.910
t =
0.140
d =
1.280
117
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
Cm~B
L = 19. 250
B = i0.210
t =
0.140
d =
1.280
X~8
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
~ B
TABLE
L = 19. 250
B = 10.520
t =
0.140
d =
1.280
I19
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
(5
(5
(S
FOLDS
9.64
5.58
4.02
4.08
)
FOLDS
9.73
5.52
3.93
3.97
)
M2
M3
=
=
17.26
6.14
M2
M3
=
=
17.85
6.71
FOLDS)
9.83
5.45
3.83
3.86
M2
M3
=
=
18.49
7.31
FOLDS)
9.93
5.39
3.74
3.76
M2
M3
=
7.94
M2
M3
=
=
19.94
8.61
= 19.19
(5 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
i0.04
5.32
3.66
3.65
Appendix 4. Design tables for folded
plates types CPUEB
TABLE CPUEB X
(5
FOLDS)
L
B
t
d
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
0.28
0.69
1.67
2.08
M2
M3
=
=
3.90
1.33
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 12.00
B =
5.65
t =
0.I0
d =
0.80
2
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.25
0.69
1.63
2.03
M2
M3
=
=
4.07
1.47
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 12.00
B =
5.82
t =
0.i0
d =
0.80
3
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.23
0.69
1.59
1.97
M2
M3
=
=
4.25
I. 6 3
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 12.00
B =
5.99
t =
0.i0
d =
0.80
4
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.21
0.69
1.55
1.92
M2
M3
=
=
4.44
i. 79
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 12.00
B =
6.17
t =
0.10
d =
0.80
5
(5
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.18
0.69
1.51
1.87
M2
M3
=
=
4.65
1.96
M2
M3
=
=
4.87
2.14
=
=
=
=
12.00
5.49
0.10
0.80
TAB~CPUEB 6
(5
L = 12.00
F0 =
B =
6.36
F1 =
FOLDS)
0.16
0.69
t
d
1.47
1.81
=
=
0.i0
0.80
F2
F3
1See also Figs A3, A4 and A2, p. 100
=
=
122
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 12.00
B =
6.55
t =
0.I0
d =
0.80
7
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.13
0.69
1.43
1.76
M2
M3
=
=
5.10
2.32
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 12.36
B =
5.6S
t =
0.i0
d =
0.82
8
F0
FI
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.29
0.71
1.72
2.14
M2
M3
=
=
4 . i 0
1.43
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 12.36
B =
5.82
t =
0.i0
d =
0.82
9
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS )
0.26
0.71
1.68
2.09
M2
M3
=
=
4.29
1.59
0.24
0.71
1.63
2.03
M2
M3
=
=
4.48
1.75
FOLDS)
0.21
0.71
1.59
1.98
M2
M3
=
=
4.69
1.92
FOLDS)
0.19
0.71
1.55
1.92
M2
M3
=
=
4.91
2.10
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPUEB
12.36
5.99
0.10
0.82
XO
(5
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 12.36
B =
6.17
t =
0.i0
d =
0.82
Ii
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 12.36
B =
6.36
t =
0.i0
d =
0.82
12
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
(5
(5
FOLDS)
J
Design tablesfor folded plates types CPUEB 123
(5 FOLDS)
T A B L E C P U E B 13
0.16
L
=
12.36
F0
=
B
=
6.55
F1
=
0.71
=
=
1.51
1.87
t
d
=
=
0.i0
0.82
F2
F3
M2
=
5.14
M3
=
2.29
M2
M3
=
=
5.39
2.48
M2
M3
=
=
4.32
i. 55
(s FOLDS)
T A B L E C P U E B 14
0.14
L
=
12.36
F0
=
B
=
6.75
F1
=
0.71
t
d
=
=
0.i0
0.82
F2
F3
=
=
1.47
1.82
(5 FOLDS)
T A B L E C P U E B 15
0.29
L
=
12.73
F0
=
B
=
5.82
F1
=
0.73
t
d
=
=
0.I0
0.85
F2
F3
=
=
1.77
2.21
(5 FOLDS)
T A B L E C P U E B 16
L
B
=
=
12.73
5.99
F0
F1
=
=
t
d
=
=
0.I0
0.85
F2
F3
=
=
0.27
0.73
1.73
M2
=
4.52
2.15
M3
=
i. 71
(5 FOLDS)
T A B L E C P U E B 17
0.24
L
=
12.73
F0
=
B
=
6.17
F1
=
0.73
t
d
=
=
0.I0
0.85
F2
F3
=
=
1.68
M2
=
4.73
2.09
M3
=
i. 88
M2
M3
=
4.95
=
2.06
(5 FOLDS)
T A B L E C P U E B 18
L
B
=
=
12.73
6.36
F0
F1
=
=
0.22
0.73
t
d
=
=
0.i0
0.85
F2
F3
=
=
i .64
2.03
124
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CPUEB
(s FOLDS)
19
0.19
L
=
12.73
F0
=
B
=
6.55
F1
=
0.73
t
=
0.i0
F2
=
1.60
M2
=
5.18
d
=
0.85
F3
=
1.98
M3
=
2.25
TABLE
CPUEB
(5 FOLDS)
20
L
=
12.73
F0
=
0.17
B
t
=
=
6.75
0.I0
F1
F2
=
=
0.73
1.56
M2
=
5.43
d
=
0.85
F3
=
1.92
M3
=
2.45
TABLE
CPUEB
(5 FOLDS)
21
0.14
L
=
12.73
F0
=
B
=
6.95
F1
=
0.73
=
1.52
M2
=
5.69
1.87
M3
=
2.65
t
d
=
0.i0
=
0.85
TABLE
L
B
=
=
CPUEB
F2
F3
=
(5 FOLDS)
22
13.11
6.00
F0
F1
=
=
0.30
0.75
t
=
0.i0
F2
=
1.82
M2
=
4.56
d
=
0.87
F3
=
2.27
M3
=
1.67
TABLE
CPUEB
(s FOLDS)
23
L
=
13.11
F0
=
0.28
B
t
=
=
6.18
0.i0
F1
F2
=
=
0.75
1.78
M2
=
4.77
d
=
0.87
F3
=
2.21
M3
=
1.85
5.00
2.03
TABLE
L
B
=
=
CPUEB
13.11
6.37
(5
24
F0
F1
FOLDS)
=
=
0.25
0.75
t
=
0.I0
F2
=
1.73
M2
=
d
=
0.87
F3
=
2.15
M3
=
Design tablesfor folded plates types CPUEB 125
TABLE
CPUEB
(s FOLDS)
25
0.22
L
=
13.11
F0
=
B
=
6.56
F1
=
0.75
t
=
0.i0
F2
=
1.69
M2
=
5.23
d
=
0.87
F3
=
2.09
M3
=
2.22
TABLE
CPUEB
(5 FOLDS)
26
L
=
13. ii
F0
=
B
=
6.76
F1
=
0.20
O.75
t
=
0.i0
F2
=
1.64
M2
=
5.48
d
=
0.87
F3
=
2.03
M3
=
2.42
TABLE
CPUEB
(s FOLDS)
27
0.17
L
=
13.11
F0
=
B
=
6.96
F1
=
0.75
t
=
0.i0
F2
=
1.60
M2
=
5.74
d
=
0.87
F3
=
1.98
M3
=
2.63
TABLE
CPUEB
(s FOLDS)
28
L
B
=
=
13. ii
7.17
F0
F1
=
=
0.15
0.75
t
d
=
=
0.i0
0.87
F2
F3
=
=
1.56
M2
=
6.02
1.93
M3
=
2.85
TABLE
CPUEB
29
(5
FOLDS)
L
=
13.50
F0
=
0.31
B
t
=
=
6.18
0.I0
F1
F2
=
=
1.88
M2
=
4.81
d
=
0.90
F3
=
2.34
M3
=
i. 80
M2
M3
=
=
5.04
I. 99
TABLE
CPUEB
30
0.77
L
B
=
=
13.50
6.37
F0
F1
=
=
(5
FOLDS
0.28
0.77
t
d
=
=
0.i0
0.90
F2
F3
=
=
i .83
2.28
)
126 Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 13.50
B =
6.56
t =
0.10
d =
0.90
31
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 13.50
B =
6.76
t =
0.i0
d =
0.90
32
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 13.50
B =
6.96
t =
0.10
d =
0.90
33
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE CPUEB
34
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 13.50
B =
7.39
35
F0
F1
=
=
t
=
0.10
F2
=
1.61
d
=
0.90
F3
=
1.98
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
13.50
7.17
0.i0
0.90
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 13.91
B =
6.36
t =
0.i0
d =
0.93
(5
(5
(5
(5
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
M2
M3
=
=
5.27
2.18
FOLDS)
0.23
0.77
1.74
2.15
M2
M3
=
=
5.53
2.38
FOLDS)
0.20
0.78
1.69
2.10
M2
M3
=
=
5.79
2.59
M2
M3
=
6.06
=
2.81
M2
M3
=
=
6.36
3.04
M2
M3
=
=
5.07
1.94
FOLDS)
0.17
0.78
1.65
2.04
(5
36
FOLDS)
0.26
0.77
1.78
2.21
FOLDS)
0.15
0.78
FOLDS)
0.32
0.79
1.93
2.42
Design tablesfor folded plates types CPUEB 127
(5 FOLDS)
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 13.91
37
F0
B =
6.55
F1 =
t
d
0.10
0.93
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
=
0.29
0.79
1.89
2.35
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 13.91
39
F0
=
0.24
B
t
d
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
0.80
1.79
2.22
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 13.91
B =
7.16
t =
0.i0
d =
0.93
40
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 13.91
B =
7.37
t =
0.i0
d =
0.93
41
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 13.91
B =
7.59
t =
0.10
d =
0.93
42
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
6.95
0.I0
0.93
=
=
5.30
2.13
M2
M3
=
=
5.56
2.33
M2
M3
=
5.82
=
2.54
M2
M3
=
=
6. i0
2.76
M2
M3
=
=
6.38
2.98
M2
M3
=
=
6.69
3.22
(5 F O L D S )
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 13.91
B =
6.75
t =
0.i0
d =
0.93
=
=
=
M2
M3
38
0.26
0.80
1.84
2.28
(5 FOLDS)
(5 FOLDS)
0.21
0.80
1.75
2.16
(5 FOLDS)
0.18
0.80
1.70
2.10
(5 F O L D S )
0.15
0.80
i. 66
2.05
128 Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
(s FO
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 14.33
B =
6.56
t =
0.i0
d =
0.96
43
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 14.33
B =
6.76
t =
0.i0
d =
0.96
44
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 14.33
B =
6.96
t =
0.I0
d =
0.96
45
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
46
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPUEB
14.33
7.17
0.i0
0.96
S)
0.32
O.82
1.99
2.49
M2
M3
=
=
5.35
2.09
M2
M3
=
=
5.61
2.30
M2
M3
=
=
5.87
2.51
M2
M3
=
=
6.15
2.73
M2
M3
=
=
6.46
M2
M3
=
=
6.77
3.21
(s FOLDS)
O.3O
O.82
1.94
2.42
(5 FOLDS)
0.27
O.82
1.89
2.35
(5
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 14.33
B =
7.39
t =
0.i0
d =
0.96
47
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 14.33
B =
7.61
t =
0.i0
d =
0.96
48
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.24
O.82
1.84
2.29
(s FOXmS)
0.21
0.82
1.80
2.22
2.97
(s FOLDS)
0.18
0.82
1.75
2.16
Design tablesfor folded plates types CPUEB 129
TABLE
CPUEB
(s FOLDS)
49
0.15
L
=
14.33
F0
=
B
=
7.84
F1
=
O.82
=
1.71
2.10
t
d
=
0.I0
=
0.96
TABLE
CPUEB
F2
F3
=
M2
=
7.10
M3
=
3.47
(s FOLDS)
50
0.49
L
=
14.76
F0
=
B
=
6.75
F1
=
0.83
t
=
0.12
F2
=
1.97
M2
=
6.51
d
=
0.98
F3
=
2.45
M3
=
2.44
TABLE
CPUEB
(s FOLDS)
51
0.47
L
=
14.76
F0
=
B
=
6.95
F1
=
0.83
t
=
0.12
F2
=
1.92
M2
=
6.82
d
=
0.98
F3
=
2.38
M3
=
2.69
TABLE
CPUEB
52
(5
FOLDS)
0.44
L
B
=
=
14.76
7.16
F0
F1
=
=
t
=
0.12
F2
=
0.83
1.87
M2
=
7.16
d
=
0.98
F3
=
2.32
M3
=
2.96
M2
M3
=
=
7.50
3.22
TABLE
CPUEB
(s FOLDS)
53
L
B
=
=
14.76
7.37
F0
F1
=
=
0.41
t
d
=
=
0.12
0.98
F2
F3
=
=
I .82
2.26
14.76
7.59
54
F0
F1
=
=
TABLE
L
B
=
=
CPUEB
0.83
(5
FOLDS)
0.39
0.83
t
=
0.12
F2
=
1.78
M2
=
7.87
d
=
0.98
F3
=
2.20
M3
=
3.50
130 Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
( 5 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
CPUEB
14.76
7.82
55
F0
F1
=
=
t
d
=
=
0.12
0.98
F2
F3
=
=
56
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPUEB
14.76
8.05
0.12
0.98
TABLE
CPUEB
0.36
0.82
1.73
2.13
(5
FOLDS)
0.33
0.82
1.69
2.08
=
=
15.20
6.95
F0
F1
=
=
0.51
0.86
t
d
=
=
0.12
1.01
F2
F3
=
=
2.03
2.52
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPUEB
15.20
7.16
0.12
1.01
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPUEB
15.20
7.37
0.12
1.01
TABLE
CPUEB
(5
58
F0
F1
F2
F3
8.26
3.80
M2
M3
=
=
4.11
M2
M3
=
=
6.86
M2
M3
=
=
7.20
2.90
M2
M3
=
=
7.55
3.17
8.67
2.63
FOLDS)
0.48
0.86
1.97
2.46
=
=
=
=
(5 FOLDS)
59
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
(5 FOLDS)
57
L
B
TABLE
M2
M3
O.45
0.85
1.93
2.39
=
=
=
=
(5
60
FOLDS)
0.42
0.85
L
B
t
=
=
=
15.20
7.59
0.12
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
1.88
M2
=
7.92
d
=
1.01
F3
=
2.32
M3
=
3.45
Design tablesfor folded plates types CPUEB 131
TABLE
CPUEB
61
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
15.20
F0
=
0.40
B
t
d
=
=
=
7.82
0.12
1.01
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
0.85
1.83
2.26
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPUEB
15.20
8.05
0.12
1.01
62
(5
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 15.20
B =
8.29
t =
0.12
d =
1.01
63
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 15.66
B =
7.16
t =
0.12
d =
1.04
64
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE cP
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
15.66
7.37
0.12
1.04
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 15.66
B =
7.59
t =
0.12
d =
1.04
(5
(5
s 65
M2
M3
=
=
8.31
3.75
0.37
0.85
1.78
2.20
M2
M3
=
=
8.72
4.06
FOLDS)
0.34
0.85
1.74
2.14
M2
M3
=
=
9.15
4.38
FOLDS)
0.52
0.88
2.09
2.60
M2
M3
=
=
7.24
2.84
0.49
0.88
2.04
2.53
M2
M3
=
7.59
=
3. ii
FOLDS)
0.47
0.88
1.98
2.46
M2
M3
=
=
7.96
3.40
FOLDS)
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
66
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
(5
132
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 15.66
B =
7.82
t =
0.12
d =
1.04
67
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
(5
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 15.66
B =
8.05
t =
0.12
d =
1.04
68
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE CPUEB
L = 15.66
B =
8.29
t =
0.12
d =
1.04
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 15.66
B =
8.54
t =
0.12
d =
1.04
70
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 16.13
B =
7.38
t =
0.12
d =
1.08
71
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 16.13
B =
7.60
t =
0.12
d =
1.08
72
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
(5
69
FOLDS)
0.44
0.88
1.93
2.40
M2
M3
=
=
8.36
3.70
FOLDS)
0.41
0.88
1.88
2.33
M2
M3
=
=
8.77
4.01
0.38
0.87
1.84
2.27
M2
M3
=
=
9.20
4.33
FOLDS)
0.35
0.87
1.79
2.20
M2
M3
=
=
9.67
4.68
FOLDS)
0.53
0.91
2.15
2.68
M2
M3
=
=
7.65
3.06
FOLDS)
0.50
0.91
2.09
2.61
M2
M3
=
=
8.02
3.35
(5 FOLDS)
(5
(5
(5
Design tablesfor folded plates types CPUEB 133
T A B L E C P U E B 73
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
16.13
F0
=
B
=
7.83
F1
=
0.90
t
=
0.12
F2
=
2.04
d
=
1.08
F3
0.47
=
2.53
M2
=
8.43
M3
=
3.65
TABLE CPUEB
74
L
=
16.13
F0
=
B
=
8.06
F1
=
0.90
t
=
0.12
F2
=
1.99
M2
=
8.84
d
=
1.08
F3
=
2.47
M3
=
3.97
(5
T A B L E CPUEB 75
FOLDS)
0.44
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
16.13
F0
=
B
=
8.30
F1
=
0.90
t
=
0.12
F2
=
1.94
M2
=
9.28
d
=
1.08
F3
=
2.40
M3
=
4.30
T A B L E CPUEB 76
0.42
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
16.13
F0
=
0.38
B
t
=
=
8.55
0.12
F1
F2
=
=
0.90
1.89
M2
=
9.75
d
=
1.08
F3
=
2.33
M3
=
4.64
M2
=
i0.25
M3
=
5.02
T A B L E C P U E B 77
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
16.13
F0
=
B
=
8.81
F1
=
0.90
t
=
0.12
F2
=
1.84
d
=
1.08
F3
=
T A B L E CPUEB 78
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
16.61
7.60
0.12
1.11
F0
F1
F2
F3
0.35
2.27
(5 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
0.55
0.94
2.21
M2
=
8.07
2.76
M3
=
3.28
134
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CPUEB
(5 FOLDS)
79
L
=
16.61
FO
=
B
=
7.83
F1
=
0.93
t
=
0.12
F2
=
2.16
M2
=
8.47
d
=
1.11
F3
=
2.68
M3
=
3.60
TABLE
CPUEB
0.52
(5 FOLDS)
80
0.49
0.93
L
=
16.61
F0
=
B
=
8.06
F1
=
t
=
0.12
F2
=
2.10
M2
=
8.88
d
=
1.11
F3
=
2.61
M3
=
3.91
M2
=
9.33
M3
=
4.24
TABLE
CPUEB
(5 FOLDS)
81
L
=
16.61
F0
=
B
=
8.30
F1
=
t
=
0.12
F2
=
d
=
1.11
F3
=
TABLE
CPUEB
(5 FOLDS)
82
L
=
16.61
F0
=
B
=
8.55
F1
=
t
=
0.12
F2
=
d
=
1.11
F3
=
TABLE
CPUEB
16.61
=
F0
=
B
=
8.81
F1
=
t
d
=
=
0.12
1.11
F2
F3
=
=
CPUEB
0.43
0.93
2.00
2.47
M2
=
9.80
M3
=
4.59
M2
M3
=
=
10.30
4.97
( 5 FOLDS)
83
L
TABLE
0.46
0.93
2.05
2.54
0.40
0.92
1.94
2.40
(5 FOLDS)
84
L
=
16.61
F0
=
0.36
B
=
9.07
F1
=
0.92
t
=
0.12
F2
=
1.90
M2
=
10.82
d
=
1.11
F3
=
2.34
M3
=
5.35
Design tablesfor folded plates types CPUEB 135
TABLE
CPUEB
(5 FOLDS)
85
L
=
17.11
F0
=
O.56
B
=
7.83
F1
=
0.97
t
d
=
=
0.12
1.14
F2
F3
=
=
2.28
M2
=
8.51
2.84
M3
=
3.53
M2
M3
=
=
8.93
3.85
M2
=
9.37
M3
=
4
TABLE
CPUEB
(5
86
FOLDS)
0.54
L
=
17.11
F0
=
B
t
=
=
8.06
0.12
F1
F2
=
=
0.96
2.22
d
=
1.14
F3
=
2.77
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
=
CPUEB
17.11
8.55
0.12
1.14
TABLE
L
CPUEB
17.11
8.30
0.12
1.14
CPUEB
17.11
(5
87
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
F3
=
{5
=
B =
8.81
F1
=
t
d
0.12
1.14
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPUEB
17. ii
9.07
0.12
1.14
0.96
2.11
2.62
M2
=
9.85
M3
=
4.54
FOLDS)
0.44
0.96
2.06
2.54
M2
M3
=
=
I0.35
'4 99 1
M2
M3
=
=
i0.87
5.30
(5 F O L D S )
90
F0
F1
F2
F3
91 9
0.47
=
=
=
89
F0
)
(s FOLDS)
88
F0
F1
F2
FOLDS
O.5O
0.96
2.17
2.69
=
=
=
=
0.41
O.95
2.00
2.47
136
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 17.11
B =
9.34
t =
0.12
d =
1.14
91
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 17.62
B =
8.06
t =
0.14
d =
1.17
92
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 17.62
B =
8.30
t =
0.14
d =
1.17
93
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPIIEB
L = 17.62
B =
8.55
t =
0.14
d =
1.17
94
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 17.62
B =
8.81
t =
0.14
d =
1.17
95
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 17.62
B =
9.07
t =
0.14
d =
1.17
96
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
(5
(5
(5
(5
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.38
0.95
1.95
2.41
M2
M3
=
=
 i i . 43
5.70
FOLDS)
0.72
1.01
2.28
2.84
M2
M3
=
=
i0.12
4.14
M2
M3
=
i0.63
=
4.53
FOLDS)
0.66
0.99
2.17
2.68
M2
M3
=
=
11.18
4.94
FOLDS)
0.63
0.99
2.11
2.61
M2
M3
=
ii. 76
=
5.38
M2
M3
=
=
12.36
5.82
FOLDS
0.69
1.00
2.22
2.76
)
FOLDS)
0.60
0.98
2.06
2.54
Design tablesfor folded plates types CPUEB 137
TABLE
L
=
CPUEB
17.62
(5
97
F0
=
FOLDS)
O.57
B
=
9.34
F1
=
O.98
t
=
0.14
F2
=
2.OO
M2
=
12.99
d
=
1.17
F3
=
2.47
M3
=
6.28
TABLE
L
=
CPUEB
17.62
(s FOLDS)
98
F0
=
0.54
B
=
9.62
F1
=
0.97
t
=
0.14
F2
=
1.95
M2
=
13.67
d
=
1.17
F3
=
2.40
M3
=
6.77
TABLE
CPUEB
(5 FOLDS)
99
0.74
1.03
L
B
t
=
=
=
18.15
8.30
0.14
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
2.35
M2
= i0.68
d
=
1.21
F3
=
2.92
M3
=
4.44
TABLE
CPUEB
I00
F0 =
L
=
18.15
B
t
=
=
8.55
0.14
F1
F2
=
=
d
=
1.21
F3
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPUEB
18.15
8.81
0.14
1.21
CPUEB
18.15
9.07
0.14
1.21
=
=
=
=
1.03
2.29
2.84
M2
=
ii. 23
M3
=
4.86
M2
M3
=
=
ii.81
5.30
M2
M3
=
=
12.41
5.75
0.68
1.02
2.23
2.76
(5
IO2
F0
F1
F2
F3
0.71
(s FOLDS)
i01
F0
F1
F2
F3
(s FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.65
1.02
2.17
2.69
138
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
(5
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 18.15
B =
9.34
t =
0.14
d =
1.21
103
F0
F1
F2
F3
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 18.15
104
F0 =
B
t
=
=
9.62
0.14
F1
F2
=
=
d
=
1.21
F3
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 18.15
B =
9.91
t =
0.14
d =
1.21
105
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 18.69
106
F0 =
B
t
d
Fl
F2
F3
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 18.69
B =
8.81
t =
0.14
d =
1.25
107
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 18.69
B =
9.07
t =
0.14
108
F0 =
F1 =
F2 =
d
F3
=
=
=
=
8.55
0.14
1.25
1.25
=
=
=
=
FOLDS )
0.62
1.01
2.12
2.61
M2
M3
=
=
13.05
6.21
M2
M3
=
=
13.73
6.70
M2
M3
=
=
14.45
7.22
M2
M3
=
=
ii. 28
4.78
M2
M3
=
=
ii. 87
5.22
=
=
12.47
5.67
(s FOLDS)
0.59
1.00
2.06
2.54
(s FOLDS)
0.55
1.00
2.01
2.47
(s FOLDS)
0.76
1.06
2.42
3.01
(s FOLDS)
=
0.73
1.06
2.36
2.92
(s FOLDS)
0.70
1.05
2.30
2.84
M2
M3
Design tablesforfolded plates types CPUEB 139
(5
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 18.69
B =
9.34
t =
0.14
d =
1.25
109
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 18.69
B =
9.62
t =
0.14
d =
1.25
II0
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 18.69
B =
9.91
t =
0.14
d =
1.25
IIi
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 18.69
B = 10.21
t =
0.14
d =
1.25
i12
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 19.25
B =
8.81
t =
0.14
d =
1.28
I13
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPUEB
L = 19.25
B =
9.07
t =
0.14
d =
1.28
I14
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.67
1.04
2.24
2.77
M2
M3
=
=
13.11
6.14
M2
M3
=
=
13.79
6.64
M2
M3
=
=
14.52
7.16
M2
M3
=
=
15.29
7.71
M2
M3
=
=
II. 91
5.14
M2
M3
=
=
12.52
5.59
(5
FOLDS)
0.63
1.04
2.18
2.69
(s FOLDS)
0.60
1.03
2.12
2.62
(5
FOLDS)
0.57
1.03
2.07
2.54
(5 FOLDS)
0.78
i.i0
2.49
3.10
(s FOLDS)
0.75
1.09
2.43
3.01
140
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CPUEB
(s FOLDS)
I15
0.72
L
=
19.25
F0
=
B
=
9.34
F1
=
1.08
M2
=
13.16
M3
=
6.07
t
=
0.14
F2
=
2.37
d
=
1.28
F3
=
2.93
TABLE
CPUEB
(5 FOLDS)
i16
L
=
19.25
F0
=
0.69
B
t
=
=
9.62
0.14
F1
F2
=
=
1.08
2.31
M2
=
13.84
d
=
1.28
F3
=
2.85
M3
=
6.57
M2
=
14.57
M3
=
7.09
M2
M3
=
=
15.34
7.65
M2
M3
=
=
16.16
8.23
TABLE
CPUEB
(s FOLDS)
I17
0.66
L
=
19.25
F0
=
B
=
9.91
F1
=
1.07
t
d
=
=
0.14
i. 28
F2
F3
=
=
2.25
2.77
TABLE
CPUEB
(5 FOLDS)
I18
L
=
19.25
F0
=
0.62
B
=
10.21
F1
=
1.07
t
d
=
=
F2
F3
=
=
2.19
2.69
TABLE
0.14
i. 2 8
CPUEB
(5 FOLDS)
I19
L
=
19.25
F0
=
O.59
B
t
d
=
=
=
10.52
0.14
1.28
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
1.06
2.13
2.62
This page intentionally left blank
142
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
..
h
\
10 ~
30 ~
l' m~'
6L
mm
Fig. A5
h
t
h
~
9 
......
2
]
l
01~',
I
lm
_qi~_2oo
mm
I
~ 
i
Fig. A6
r~
Appendix 5. Design tables for folded
plates types UDEB
TABLE
UDEB
L = 12.000
B =
5.490
t =
0.I00
d
=
1
~.ooo
TABLE UDEB 2
M2
=
0.36
F3
M3
=
i. 63
=
~.09
( 5 FOLDS)
F0 =
1.92
F1 =
0.09
L
=
B
=
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
0.84
M2
=
0.40
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.05
M3
=
1.74
M2
=
0.44
M3
=
i. 86
TABLE
L
=
B
t
d
=
=
=
12.000
(5 FOLDS)
F0 =
1.90
F1 =
0.I0
F2 =
0.86
5.650
UDEB
3
12.000
S.820
0.i00
1.000
T A B L E [IDES 4
L
=
12.000
(5 FOLDS)
F0 =
1.95
F1 =
0.08
F2 =
0.82
F3 =
i.01
( 5 FOLDS)
F0 =
1.97
B
=
5.990
F1
=
0.07
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
0.81
M2
=
0.47
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.96
M3
=
i. 97
M2
=
0.51
M3
=
2.08
M2
M3
=
=
0.54
2.19
TABLE
L
=
B
t
d
=
=
=
UDEB
6.170
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
UDEB
L = 12.000
B =
6.360
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
See Figs A5 and A6
5
12.000
~
(5 FOLDS)
FO =
2.00
F1 =
0.05
F2 =
0.80
F3 =
0.91
(5
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
2.03
0.04
0.79
0.87
144
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
UDEB
L = 12.000
B =
6.550
t =
0.100
d
=
1.000
7
TABLE
UDEB
L = 12.360
B =
5.650
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
8
TABLE
UDEB
L = 12. 360
B =
5.820
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
9
TABLE
UDEB
L = 12. 360
B =
5.990
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
10
TABLE
UDEB
L = 12. 360
B =
6.170
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
ii
TABLE
UDEB
L = 12. 360
B =
6.360
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
12
(5
F0
F1
F2
F3
FOLDS)
2.06
0.02
0.78
0.82
M2
M3
( 5 FOLDS )
F0 =
2.03
F1 =
0.10
F2 =
0.89
F3 =
1.12
M2
M3
(5
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
2.06
0.09
0.87
1.07
M2
M3
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
2.08
0.07
0.86
1.03
M2
M3
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
2.11
0.06
0.84
0.98
M2
M3
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
2.14
0.04
0.83
0.93
M2
M3
=
=
0.58
2.30
=
0.42
1.78
=
=
0.46
1.90
=
=
0.50
2.01
=
=
0.54
2.13
=
=
=
0.57
2.25
Design tablesfor folded plates types UDEB 145
TABLE UDEB 13
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
12. 360
F0
=
2.18
B
=
6.550
F1
=
0.03
t
=
0.100
F2
=
0.82
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.88
TABLE UDEB 14
M2
M3
=
=
0.61
2.36
(S FOLDS)
L
=
12. 360
F0
=
2.21
B
=
6.750
F1
=
0.01
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
0.81
M2
=
0.64
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.83
M3
=
2.47
TABLE UDEB 15
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
12. 730
F0
=
B
=
5.820
F1
=
0.I0
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
0.92
M2
=
0.49
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.15
M3
=
I. 94
M2
M3
=
=
0.53
2.06
M2
=
0.57
M3
=
2.18
M2
M3
=
=
0.61
2.30
TABLE UDEB 16
2.18
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
12. 730
F0
=
2.20
B
=
5.990
F1
=
0.08
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
0.91
d
=
1.000
F3
=
i.i0
F0
FI
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
2.23
0.07
o.s9
1.05
TABLE
UDEB
L = 12. 730
B =
6.~70
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
17
TABLE UDEB 18
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
12.730
F0
=
2.27
B
t
d
=
=
=
6.360
0.i00
1.000
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
0.05
0.88
i.00
146
ConcreteFoldedPlateRoofs
TABLE
UDEB
L = 12. 730
B =
6.550
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
19
TABLE
UDEB
L = 12. 730
B =
6.750
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
20
TABLE
UDEB
L = 12. 730
B =
6.950
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
21
TABLE
UDEB
L = 13.110
B =
6.000
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
22
TABLE
UDEB
L = 13.110
B =
6.180
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
23
TABLE
UDEB
L = 13.110
B =
6.370
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
24
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
2.30
0.03
0.86
0.95
M2
M3
(5
=
=
0.64
2.42
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
2.34
0.02
0.85
0.89
M2
=
M3
=
0.68
2.54
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
2.37
0.00
0.84
0.84
M2
M3
=
=
0.72
2.65
(5
FOLDS)
2.33
0.i0
0.96
1.17
M2
M3
=
=
0.56
2.11
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
(5
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
2.36
0.08
0.94
1.12
M2
M3
=
=
0.60
2.24
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
2.40
0.06
0.92
1.07
M2
M3
=
=
0.64
2.36
Design tablesfor folded plates types UDEB 147
T A B L E UDEB 25
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13.110
F0
=
B
=
6.560
F1
=
0.04
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
0.91
M2
=
0.68
d
=
1.000
F3
=
I.01
M3
=
2.49
TABLE UDEB 26
2.43
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13. 110
F0
=
2.47
B
=
6.760
F1
=
0.02
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
0.90
M2
=
0.72
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.96
M3
=
2.61
TABLE UDEB 27
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13.110
F0
=
2.51
B
=
6.960
F1
=
0.00
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
0.89
M2
=
0.76
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.90
M3
=
2.72
TABLE UDEB 28
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13.110
F0
=
2.55
B
=
7.170
F1
=
0.01
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
0.88
M2
=
0.79
0.85
M3
=
2.84
d
=
1.000
F3
TABLE UDEB 29
=
(5 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
13. 500
6.180
F0
F1
=
=
2.49
0.09
t
=
0.100
F2
=
0.99
M2
=
0.64
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.20
M3
=
2.29
M2
M3
=
=
0.68
2.43
TABLE UDEB 30
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13.500
F0
=
2.53
B
=
6.370
F1
=
0.07
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
0.98
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.14
148 Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
UDEB
L = 13. 500
(5
F0
=
FOLDS)
2.57
31
B
=
6.560
F1
=
0.05
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
0.96
M2
=
0.72
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.09
M3
=
2.55
(5
FOLDS)
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
UDEB 32
13.500
6.760
0.100
1.000
F0
F1
F2
F3
TABLE
UDEB
L = 13.500
B =
6.960
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
33
TABLE
UDEB
L = 13.500
B =
7.170
34
t
d
=
=
F0
F1
F2
F3
0.100
1.000
=
=
=
=
2.61
0.03
0.95
1.03
M2
M3
=
=
0.76
2.68
(5
FOLDS)
2.65
0.01
0.94
0.97
M2
M3
=
=
0.80
2.80
M2
M3
=
=
0.84
2.92
M2
M3
=
=
0.88
3.04
M2
M3
=
=
0.72
2.49
=
=
=
=
(5
F0
F1
=
=
FOLDS)
2.69
0.01
F2
F3
=
=
0.92
0.91
TABLE UDEB 35
( 5 FOI/)S)
L = 1 3 . 500
F0 =
2.73
B =
7.390
F1 =
0.03
t
=
o.
d
=
1.000
TASU
oo
F2
=
0.92
F3
=
0.85
UDRB 36
(5
FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
13.910
6.360
F0
F1
=
=
2.67
0.09
t
d
=
=
0.I00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.04
1.23
Design tablesfor folded plates types UDEB 149
TABLE UDEB
37
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13. 910
F0
=
2.71
B
=
6.550
F1
=
0.07
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.02
M2
=
0.76
d
=
1.000
F3
=
I.17
M3
=
2.62
TABLE UDEB
38
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13. 910
F0
=
2.75
B
=
6.750
F1
=
0.04
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
I.00
M2
=
0.81
d
=
1.000
F3
=
i.ii
M3
=
2.75
TABLE UDEB
39
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13.910
F0
=
2.80
B
=
6.950
F1
=
0.02
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
0.99
M2
=
0.85
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.05
M3
=
2.88
TABLE UDEB 40
( 5 FOLDS)
L
=
13.910
F0
=
2.84
B
=
7.160
F1
=
0.00
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
0.98
M2
=
0.89
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.99
M3
=
3.00
TABLE
UDEB
41
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13. 910
F0
=
2.89
B
t
=
=
7.370
0.i00
F1
F2
=
=
0.02
0.97
M2
=
0.92
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.93
M3
=
3.12
TABLE UDEB
L = 13.910
B
=
7.590
42
F0
F1
(5 FOLDS)
=
2.93
=
0.04
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
0.96
M2
=
0.97
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.86
M3
=
3.24
150
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
UDEB
L = 14.330
B =
6.560
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
43
TABLE
UDEB
L = 14.330
B =
6.760
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
44
TABLE
UDEB
L = 14.330
B =
6.960
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
45
TABLE
46
L
=
B
t
d
=
=
=
UDEB
14.330
7.170
0.I00
1.000
TABLE
UDEB
L = 14.330
B
=
7. 3 9 0
t
d
=
=
0.I00
1.000
TABLE
UDEB
L = 14.330
B =
7.610
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
47
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
2.86
0.08
i.08
1.25
M2
M3
=
=
0.81
2.70
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
2.91
0.06
1.06
1.19
M2
M3
=
=
0.86
2.84
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
2.96
0.03
1.04
1.12
M2
M3
=
=
0.90
(5
M2
M3
=
=
0.94
3.10
2.97
F0
=
FOLDS)
3.00
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
0.01
1.03
1.06
(5
F0 =
F1 =
F2 =
F3 =
FOLDS)
3.05
1.02
0.99
M2
M3
=
=
0.98
(5
FOLDS)
3.10
0.04
I.01
0.93
M2
M3
=
=
1.02
3.35
48
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
0.02
3.23
Design tablesfor folded plates types UDEB 151
TABLE UDEB
49
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
14. 330
F0
=
3.16
B
=
7.840
F1
=
0.06
t
=
0.100
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.00
0.86
d =
TABLE UDEB
50
M2
M3
=
=
i. 07
3.48
(5 FOLDS)
L
B
t
=
=
=
14. 760
6.750
0.i00
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
3.07
0.07
1.12
M2
=
0.91
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.28
M3
=
2.92
M2
M3
=
=
0.95
3.05
M2
M3
=
=
i. 0 0
3.19
M2
M3
=
=
i.
M2
M3
=
=
i. 08
3.45
TABLE UDEB
51
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
14.760
F0
=
3.12
B
t
d
=
=
=
6.950
0.i00
1.000
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
0.05
i. I0
1.21
TABLE UDEB
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
52
14.760
7.160
0.100
1.000
TABLE
[IDES
14. 760
7.370
0.I00
1.000
53
TABLE UDEB
54
L
B
t
d
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
14. 760
7.590
0.100
1.000
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
F0
F1
F2
F3
(S
=
=
=
=
3.17
0.02
1.09
1.14
FOLDS)
3.22
0.00
1.07
1.08
04
3.32
( 5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
3.27
0.03
1.06
1.01
152
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
T A B L E UDEB 55
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
14.760
F0
=
3.33
B
=
7.820
F1
=
0.05
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.05
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.94
TABLE UDEB 56
L
M2
M3
=
=
1.12
3.58
(5 FOLDS)
=
14.760
F0
=
B =
8.050
F1
=
3.38
0.08
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
1.05
M2
=
1.17
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.87
M3
=
3.70
M2
=
i.01
M3
=
3.15
M2
M3
=
=
1.06
T A B L E UDEB 57
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
15. 200
F0
=
3.28
B
=
6.950
F1
=
0.07
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.17
1.30
TABLE UDEB 58
L
B
( 5 FOLDS)
=
=
15. 200
7.160
F0
F1
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
1.15
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.23
TASLE UDES 89
=
=
3.34
0.04
3.29
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
15.200
F0
=
3.39
B
=
7.370
F1
=
0.01
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.13
M2
=
i. I0
d
=
1.000
F3
=
i.16
M3
=
3.43
T A B L E UDEB 60
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
15. 200
F0
=
B
=
7.590
F1
=
3.45
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.12
M2
=
1.15
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.09
M3
=
3.56
0.02
Design tablesfor folded plates types UDEB 153
T A B L E UDEB 61
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
15.200
F0
=
3.51
B
=
7.820
F1
=
0.05
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
i.Ii
1.02
T A B L E UDEB 62
M2
M3
=
=
1.19
3.70
(5 FOLDS)
3.57
L
=
15.200
F0
=
B
=
8.050
F1
=
0.07
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.10
M2
=
1.24
0.95
M3
=
3.82
M2
M3
=
=
i. 28
3.95
M2
M3
=
=
i. 13
3.40
d
=
1.000
F3
T A B L E UDEB 63
=
(5 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
15.200
8. 2 9 0
F0
F1
=
=
3.63
0. I0
t
d
=
=
0.100
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.09
0.87
(5 FOLDS)
T A B L E UDEB 64
L
=
15.660
F0
=
3.52
B
=
7.160
F1
=
0.06
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.22
1.33
T A B L E UDEB 65
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
15. 660
F0
=
3.58
B
=
7.370
F1
=
0.03
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.20
M2
=
1.17
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.25
M3
=
3.55
M2
M3
=
=
i. 22
3.69
T A B L E UDEB 66
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
15. 660
7.590
0.i00
1.000
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
3.64
0.00
1.18
1.18
154
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE UDEB 67
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
1 5 . 660
7.820
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
UDEB
F0
F1
F2
F3
68
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
3.71
0.03
1.17
1.10
=
15. 660
F0
=
3.77
B
=
8.050
F1
=
0.06
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.16
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.03
UDEB
=
=
M2
M3
=
1.31
=
3.96
69
1.36
4.09
(5 F O L D S )
L
B
t
=
=
=
15. 660
8.290
0.100
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
1.15
M2
=
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.95
M3
=
TABLE
UDEB
L
B
=
=
15. 660
8.540
t
=
d
=
70
=
(5 F O L D S )
=
=
3.90
0.12
0.i00
F2
=
1.15
M2
=
1.41
1.000
F3
=
0.87
M3
=
4.22
M2
M3
=
=
1.25
1.000
TABLE
3.84
0.09
F0
F1
TABLE UDEB 7 1
(5
L = 1 6 . 130
F0 =
B =
7.380
F1 =
t =
0.I00
F2 =
d
1.27
3.82
(5 F O L D S )
L
TABLE
M2
M3
UDEB
F3
72
=
FOLDS)
3.78
0.05
1.27
~.35
3.68
(5 F O L D S )
L
B
t
=
=
=
16.130
7.600
0.I00
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
3.84
0.01
1.25
M2
=
1.30
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.27
M3
=
3.82
Design tablesfor folded plates types UDEB 155
TABLE UDEB
73
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
16. 130
F0
=
3.91
B
=
7.830
F1
=
0.02
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.23
1.19
TABLE UDEB
74
M2
=
i. 35
M3
=
3.97
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
16.130
F0
=
3.98
B
=
8.060
F1
=
0.05
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.22
M2
=
1.39
1.11
M3
=
4. i0
d
=
1.000
TABLE UDEB
F3
75
=
(5
FOLDS)
L
=
16.130
F0
=
4.05
B
=
8.300
F1
=
0.09
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.21
M2
=
i.
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.03
M3
=
4.24
TABLE UDEB
76
44
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
16.130
F0
=
4.12
B
t
=
=
8.550
0.i00
F1
F2
=
=
0.12
1.20
M2
=
i. 49
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.94
M3
=
4.37
M2
M3
=
=
1.54
4.50
M2
M3
=
=
i. 3 8
3.96
TABLE UDEB
77
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
16. 130
F0
=
4.20
B
=
8.810
F1
=
0.15
t
d
=
=
0.I00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.20
0.86
TABLE UDEB
78
(5 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
16.610
7.600
F0
F1
=
=
4.04
0.03
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.32
1.37
156
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
[]DES
L = 16. 610
B =
7.830
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
79
F0
F1
F2
F3
T A B L E U D E B 80
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
16.610
8.060
0.100
1.000
=
=
=
=
16. 610
8.300
0.100
1.000
FOLDS)
4.12
0.00
~.30
1.28
M2
M3
=
=
1.43
4.11
M2
M3
=
=
1.48
4.25
M2
M3
=
=
1.53
4.39
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
T A B L E U D E B 81
L
B
t
d
(5
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
4.19
0.04
1.29
1.20
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
T A B L E U D E B 82
=
=
=
=
4.27
0.07
1.28
i.ii
(5 FOLDS)
L
B
t
=
=
=
16. 610
8.550
0.100
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
4.35
0.ii
1.27
M2
=
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.03
M3
=
1.58
4.53
(5
FOLDS)
M2
M3
=
=
1.63
4.66
M2
=
1.69
=
4.79
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
UDEB
83
16. 610
8.810
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
UDEB
L = 16. 610
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
F0
(5
=
84
4.43
0.14
1.26
0.94
FOLDS)
4.51
s

9.070
~
=
o.~v
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.26
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.85
M3
Design tablesfor folded plates types UDEB 157
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
=
d
UDEB
85
17.110
=
=
4.34
7.830
F1
=
0.02
0.100
F2
=
1.000
TABLE
(5 F O L D S )
F0
UDEB
F3
86
=
1.38
M2
=
1.53
1.39
M3
=
4.26
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
17.110
F0
=
4.41
B
=
8.060
F1
=
0.02
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.36
M2
=
i. 58
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.30
M3
=
4.41
M2
M3
=
i.
=
63
4.56
TABLE
UDEB
87
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
17.110
F0
=
4.50
B
=
8.300
F1
=
0.06
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
1.35
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.21
TABLE
UDEB
88
(5 F O L D S )
L
B
t
=
=
=
17.110
8.550
0.i00
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
4.58
0.I0
1.34
M2
=
I.
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.12
M3
=
4.70
1.33
M2
=
i. 73
1.03
M3
=
4.84
M2
M3
=

i. 79
4.97
TABLE
UDEB
89
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
17. 110
F0
=
4.67
B
t
=
=
8. 8 1 0
0.100
F1
F2
=
=
0.13
d
=
1.000
TABLE
UDEB
68
F3
90
=
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
17.110
F0
=
4.75
B
=
9.070
F1
=
0.17
t
d
=
=
0.100
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.32
0.94
158
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
UDEB
L = 17.110
B
t
d
=
=
=
91
9.340
0.100
1.000
F0
(5
=
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
T A B L E U D E B 92
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
17.620
8.060
0.100
1.000
FOLDS)
4.84
0.20
1.32
0.84
=
=
=
=
4.64
0.01
1.44
1.41
=
17.620
F0
=
4.73
B
t
d
=
=
=
8.300
0.100
1.000
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
0.04
1.42
1.31
=
=
=
=
UDEB
94
17.620
8.550
0.i00
1.000
(5
F0
F1
F2
F3
T A B L E U D E B 95
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
17. 620
8.810
0.i00
1.000
=
=
=
=
17.620
9.070
0.100
1.000
M2
M3
=
=
1.68
4.58
M2
M3
=
=
1.73
4.73
=
=
=
=
M2
M3
=
=
1.79
4.88
M2
M3
=
=
1.84
5.03
M2
M3
=
1.89
5.16
FOLDS)
4.82
0.08
1.41
1.21
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
TABLE UDEB 96
L
B
t
d
1.85
5.10
(5 FOLDS)
L
L
B
t
d
=
=
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
T A B L E U D E B 93
TABLE
M2
M3
=
=
=
=
4.92
0.12
1.40
I.12
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
5.01
0.16
1.39
1.02
=
Design tablesfor folded plates types UDEB
TABLE
UDEB 9 7
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
17.620
F0
=
5.10
B
=
9.340
F1
=
0.19
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
1.38
M2
=
1.95
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.93
M3
=
5.30
TABLE
UDEB
98
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
17.620
F0
=
5.20
B
=
9.620
F1
=
0.23
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.38
M2
=
2.01
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.83
M3
=
5.43
M2
=
i. 85
M3
=
4.92
M2
M3
=
1.90
=
5.08
TABLE
UDEB
L = 18. 150
B =
8.300
t =
0.~00
d =
1.000
99
(5
=
=
F2 =
F3 =
F0
F1
TABLE UDEB I 0 0
(5
L
FOLDS)
4.98
0.01
~.so
1.42
FOLDS)
=
18.150
F0
=
B =
8.550
F1

0.06
t
d
O.1OO
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.48
1.32
=
=
TABLE UDES 1 0 1
5.08
( s FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
18.150
8.810
F0
F1
=
=
5.18
0.I0
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.47
M2
=
1.96
1.22
M3
=
5.23
M2
M3
=
=
2.01
5.37
d
=
1.000
TABLE
UDEB
F3
I02
=
(5 F O L D S )
L
B
=
=
18.150
9.070
F0
F1
=
=
5.28
0.15
t
d
=
=
0.I00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.46
1.12
159
160
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE UDEB I 0 3
( 5 FOLDS)
L
B
t
=
=
=
18.150
9.340
0.1DO
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
5.38
0.19
1.46
M2
=
2.07
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.02
M3
=
5.51
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
5.48
0.22
1.45
0.91
TABLE
UDEB
L = 18.150
B =
9.620
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
104
F0
FI
F2
F3
TABLE
105
UDEB
M2
=
2.13
M3
=
5.65
(5 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
18.150
9.910
F0
F1
=
=
5.58
0.26
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.45
M2
=
2.20
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.81
M3
=
5.78
TABLE
UDEB
I06
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
18.690
F0
=
5.34
B
t
=
=
8.550
0.i00
F1
F2
=
=
0.03
1.57
M2
=
2.03
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.43
M3
=
5.29
2.08
5.45
TABLE UDEB I 0 7
( 5 FOLDS)
L
=
B
t
d
18.
690
F0
=
5.44
=
=
8.810
0.I00
F1
F2
=
=
0.08
1.55
M2
=
=
1.000
F3
=
1.32
M3
=
TABLE
UDEB
108
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
18.690
FO
=
5.55
B
t
=
=
9.070
0.i00
F1
F2
=
=
0.13
1.54
M2
=
2.14
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.22
M3
=
5.59
Design tables for folded plates types UDEB 161
TABLE
L
UDEB 1 0 9
( 5 FOLDS)
=
18.690
F0
=
B =
9.340
F1
=
0.17
t
0.100
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.53
i.ii
d
=
=
TABLE
UDEB
II0
5.66
M2
M3
=
=
2.20
5.74
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
18. 690
F0
=
B
=
9.620
F1
=
5.77
0.22
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.53
M2
=
2.26
d
=
1.000
F3
=
i.00
M3
=
5.88
TABLE
UDEB
L = 18.690
S =
9.9~0
t =
0.~00
d =
~.000
iii
F0
F~
F2
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
5.88
0.26
1.S2
0.90
M2
=
2.33
M3
=
6.01
TABLE
112
UDEB
F3
(S F O L D S )
L
=
18.690
F0
=
6.00
B
=
10.210
F1
=
0.30
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.53
M2
=
2.40
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.79
M3
=
6.14
TABLE UDEB 1 1 3
( 5 FOLDS)
L
=
19.250
F0
=
5.72
B
t
=
=
8.810
0.i00
F1
F2
=
=
0.05
1.64
M2
=
2.22
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.44
M3
=
5.68
M2
=
2.28
M3
=
5.83
TABLE
UDEB
114
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
19.250
F0
=
5.84
B
=
9.070
F1
=
0.I0
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.62
1.33
162
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE UDEB
I15
( 5 FOLDS)
L
B
t
=
=
=
19.250
9. 3 4 0
0.100
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
5.95
0.15
1.61
M2
=
2.34
d
=
1. 0 0 0
F3
=
1 . 22
M3
=
5.98
TABLE UDEB
I16
( S FOLDS)
L
=
19. 250
F0
=
6.07
B
=
9.620
F1
=
0.20
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.61
M2
=
2.40
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.10
M3
=
6.12
TABLE UDEB
117
(5 F O L D S )
L
B
=
=
19. 250
9.910
F0
F1
=
=
6.20
0.25
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.60
M2
=
2.47
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.99
M3
=
6.26
M2
M3
=
=
2.54
6.40
TABLE UDEB
i18
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
19.250
F0
=
6.32
B
=
i0.210
F1
=
0.29
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.60
0.87
(5
FOLDS
TABLE
UDEB
i19
)
L
=
19.250
F0
=
6.44
B
t
=
=
10.520
0.100
F1
F2
=
=
0.33
1.60
M2
=
2.62
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.76
M3
=
6.52
M2
M3
=
=
2.43
6.09
TABLE
UDEB
L = 19.830
120
(5 F O L D S )
F0
=
6.13
B
=
9.070
F1
=
0.07
t
d
=
=
0.100
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.71
1.45
Design tablesfor folded plates types UDEB 163
TABLE
L =
B
t
d
=
=
=
TABLE
UDEB 1 2 1
19. 830
F0
9.340
0.I00
1.000
UDEB
F1
F2
F3
122
( 5 FOLDS)
=
6.26
=
=
=
0.13
1.70
1.33
M2
M3
=
=
2.49
6 .24
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
19. 830
F0
=
6.39
B
=
9.620
F1
=
0.18
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.69
M2
=
2.55
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.21
M3
=
6.39
TABLE
UDEB
123
( 5 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
19.830
9.910
F0
F1
=
=
6.52
0.24
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.69
M2
=
2.62
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.09
M3
=
6.54
M2
M3
=
=
2.69
6.67
T A B L E UDEB 1 2 4
L = 19.830
F0
B =
10.210
F1
=
0.29
t
d
=
=
1.68
0.97
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
( 5 FOLDS)
=
6.66
TABLE UDEB 1 2 5
( 5 FOLDS)
L
B
t
=
=
=
19.830
I0.520
0.i00
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
6.79
0.33
1.68
M2
=
2.77
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.85
M3
=
6.80
TABLE
UDEB
126
(5 FOLDS )
L
=
19. 830
F0
=
6.92
B
=
i0.840
F1
=
0.37
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.69
0.72
M2
=
2.86
M3
=
6.93
164
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
UDEB
127
( 5 FOLDS)
L
=
20. 420
F0
=
6.57
B
=
9.340
F1
=
0.I0
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.79
M2
=
2.65
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.46
M3
=
6.52
M2
=
M3
=
2.72
6.68
TABLE
UDEB
128
( 5 FOLDS)
L
=
20.420
F0
=
6.71
B
=
9.620
F1
=
0.16
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.78
1.33
TABLE
U D E B 129
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
20.420
F0
=
6.86
B
=
9.910
F1
=
0.22
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
1.77
M2
=
2.79
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.20
M3
=
6.83
M2
M3
=
=
2.86
6.97
M2
=
2.93
M3
=
7.10
TABLE UDEB
130
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
20. 420
F0
=
7.00
B
=
10.210
F1
=
0.27
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.77
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.07
TABLE
UDEB
131
( 5 FOLDS)
L
=
20.420
F0
=
B
t
d
=
=
=
10.520
0.i00
i. 000
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
TABLE
L
B
=
=
UDEB
20. 420
i0.840
132
F0
F1
7.14
0.32
1.77
0.94
(5 FOLDS)
=
=
7.29
0.37
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.77
M2
=
3.02
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.81
M3
=
7.23
Design tablesfor folded plates types UDEB
TABLE
UDEB
133
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
20. 420
F0
=
7.44
B
=
Ii.170
F1
=
0.42
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.78
M2
=
3. II
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.68
M3
=
7.35
M2
=
2.90
M3
=
6.98
TABLE
UDEB
134
( 5 FOLDS)
L
=
21. 030
F0
=
7.05
B
=
9.620
F1
=
0.12
t
d
=
0.I00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
=
1.88
1.45
TABLE
UDEB
135
(S F O L D S )
L
=
21.030
F0
=
7.20
B
=
9.910
F1
=
0.19
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.87
M2
=
2.96
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.32
M3
=
7.14
M2
M3
=
=
3.04
7.29
TABLE UDEB 1 3 6
( 5 FOLDS)
L
=
21.
F0
=
7.36
B
t
d
=
=
=
10.210
o.
oo
1.000
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
0.25
.S6
1.18
TABLE
030
UDEB
137
( 5 FOLDS)
L
=
21.030
F0
=
7.51
B
=
i0.520
F1
=
0.31
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.86
M2
=
3. Ii
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.04
M3
=
7.43
TABLE
L
B
=
=
UDEB
21. 030
I0.840
138
( 5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
=
=
7.67
0.36
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
1.86
M2
=
3.19
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.91
M3
=
7.56
165
166
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
L
=
UDEB 1 3 9
21. 030
F0
11.170
F1
( 5 FOLDS)
=
7.83
B
=
=
0.41
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
1.86
M2
=
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.77
M3
=
3.29
7.68
(5
FOLDS
M2
M3
=
=
3.39
7.80
TABLE
UDEB
140
L
=
21. 030
F0
=
7.99
B
=
Ii.510
0.46
=
=
0.100
1.000
F1
F2
F3
=
t
d
=
=
1.87
0.64
)
Appendix 6. Design tables for folded
plates types PDEBl
TABLE PDEB 1 ( 5 FOLDS)
L = 12.000
FO =
0.58
B = 5.490
F1 =
1.01
t = 0.100
F2 = 0.94
d = 1.000
F3 = 1.28
M2 =
M3 =
1.52
3.41
TABLE PDEB 2 (5 FOLDS)
L = 12.000
FO =
0.55
B = 5.650
F1 =
1.03
t = 0.100
F2 = 0.93
d = 1.000
F3 = 1.23
M2 =
M3 =
1.57
3.55
M2 =
M3 =
1.63
3.70
TABLE PDEB 4 ( 5 FOLDS)
L = 12.000
FO =
0.49
B = 5.990
F1 =
1.05
t = 0.100
F2 = 0.92
d = 1.000
F3 = 1.12
M2 =
M3 =
1.68
3.86
TABLE PDEB 5 ( 5 FOLDS)
L = 12.000
FO =
0.46
B = 6.170
F1 =
1.07
t = 0.100
F2 = 0.92
d = 1,000
F3 = 1.06
M2 =
M3 =
1.74
TABLE PDEB 6 ( 5 FOLDS)
L = 12.000
FO =
0.42
13 = 6.360
F1 =
1.09
t = 0.100
F2 =  0 . 9 2
d = 1.000
F3 = 1.00
M2 =
I43 =
1.80
4.18
TABLE PDEB 3 ( 5 FOLDS)
L = 12.000
FO =
0.52
B = 5.820
F1 =
1.04
t = 0.100
F2 = 0.93
d = 1.000
F3 = 1.18
' See also Figs A5 and A6, p. 142
4.02
168
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
PDEB
7
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
12.000
F0
=
B
=
6.550
F1
=
1.11
t
=
0.100
F2
=
0.93
M2
=
1.87
d
=
1 .000
F3
=
0.94
M3
=
4.34
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
PDEB
8
12.360
5.650
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
PDEB
(5 F O L D S )
F0
F1
F2
F3
9
0.38
=
0.62
=
=
1.06
0.97
M2
=
1.59
=
1.32
M3
=
3.57
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
12. 360
F0
=
B
=
5.820
F1
=
1.08
t
=
0.100
F2
=
0.97
M2
=
1.64
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.26
M3
=
3.73
TABLE
PDEB
i0
0.59
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
12. 360
F0
=
B
=
5.990
F1
=
1.09
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
0.96
M2
=
1.70
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.21
M3
=
3.89
M2
M3
=
=
1.76
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
PDEB i i
1 2 . 360
6.170
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
PDEB
(5
F0
F1
F2
F3
12
=
=
=
=
0.56
FOLDS)
0.52
1.11
0.96
1.15
4.05
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
12. 360
F0
=
0.48
B
=
6.360
F1
=
t
d
=
=
0.100
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.13
0.96
1.09
M2 =
M3 =
1.82
4.22
Design tablesfor folded plates types PDEB 169
TABLE
PDEB
13
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
12. 360
F0
=
B
=
6.550
F1
=
1.15
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
0.96
M2
=
i.
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.02
M3
=
4.39
TABLE
PDEB
14
0.45
89
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
12. 360
F0
=
B
=
6.750
F1
=
1.17
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
0.97
M2
=
I. 95
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.96
M3
=
4.57
M2
M3
=
=
i. 65
3.75
TABLE
L
=
B
t
d
PDEB
15
0.41
(5 F O L D S )
12.730
F0
=
5.820
F1
=
1.12
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
i.01
1.36
TABLE
PDEB
16
=
0.65
(5 FOLDS)
L
B
t
=
=
=
12. 730
5.990
0.i00
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
0.62
1.13
i.00
M2
=
I.
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.30
M3
=
3.92
TABLE
PDEB
17
71
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
12. 730
F0
=
B
=
6.170
F1
=
1.15
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
i.00
M2
=
i. 77
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.24
M3
=
4.09
TABLE
PDEB
18
0.59
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
12. 730
F0
=
B
=
6.360
F1
=
0.55
1.17
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
0.99
M2
=
i.
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.18
M3
=
4.26
84
170
ConcreteFolded Plate Roofs
T A B L E PDEB 1 9
(5 FOLDS)
L
B
t
=
=
=
12.730
6.550
0.I00
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
0.51
1.18
I.00
d
=
1.000
F3
=
i.ii
T A B L E PDEB 20
M2
M3
=
=
1.91
4.44
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
12.730
F0
=
0.47
B
=
6.750
F1
=
1.21
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.00
M2
=
1.97
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.04
M3
=
4.62
M2
M3
=
=
2.04
4.80
M2
M3
=
=
3.95
T A B L E PDEB 21
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
12. 730
6.950
0.i00
i. 0 0 0
TABLE PDEB
L = 13.110
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
0.43
1.23
i.01
F0
(5
=
FOLDS)
0.69
22
0.97
B
=
6.000
F1
=
1.18
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
1.04
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.39
T A B L E PDEB 23
1.73
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13. 110
F0
=
0.66
B
t
=
=
6.180
0.i00
F1
F2
=
=
1.19
1.04
M2
=
1.79
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.33
M3
=
4.12
T A B L E PDEB 24
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13.110
F0
=
0.62
B
t
=
=
6.370
0.i00
F1
F2
=
=
1.21
1.03
M2
=
1.86
1.27
M3
=
4.31
d
=
1.000
F3
=
Design tablesfor folded plates types PDEB
TABLE PDEB 25
(5
L = 1 3 . 110
F0 =
B =
6.560
F1 =
FOLDS)
0.58
1.23
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.03
M2
=
i. 93
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.20
M3
=
4.49
T A B L E PDEB 26
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13.110
F0
=
B
=
6.760
F1
=
1.25
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.04
M2
=
2.00
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.13
M3
=
4.68
T A B L E PDEB 27
0.54
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13.110
F0
=
B
=
6.960
F1
=
1.27
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.04
M2
=
2.07
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.06
M3
=
4.86
F0
(5
=
TABLE PDEB
L = 13.110
28
0.50
FOLDS)
0.46
B
=
7.170
F1
=
1.29
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.06
M2
=
2.14
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.99
M3
=
5.05
TABLE
L
=
PDEB
29
13.500
(5 F O L D S )
F0
=
0.73
B =
6.180
F1
=
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.08
M2
=
i. 80
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.43
M3
=
4.15
T A B L E PDEB 30
1.24
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13.500
F0
=
B
=
6.370
F1
=
0.69
1.25
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.08
M2
=
1.87
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.37
M3
=
4.34
171
172
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
PDEB
31
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
13. 500
FO
=
B
=
6.560
F1
=
1.27
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.07
M2
=
1.94
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.30
M3
=
4.53
TABLE PDEB 32
0.66
( 5 FOLDS)
L
=
13.500
F0
=
B
=
6.760
F1
=
1.29
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.07
M2
=
2.01
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.23
M3
=
4.72
M2
M3
=
=
2.09
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
PDEB
(5 FOLDS)
33
13.500
0.62
F0
=
6 .960
F1
=
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.08
=
1.000
F3
=
1.16
TABLE
PDEB
34
0.58
1 . 31
4.91
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
13.500
F0
=
0.53
B
=
7.170
F1
=
1.33
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.09
M2
=
2.16
1.08
M3
=
5.11
M2
=
2.25
M3
=
5.31
d
=
1.000
TABLE
PDEB
L = 13.500
S =
7.390
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
35
TABLE
36
PDEB
F3
=
F0
F~
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.48
~.Se
I.i0
i.00
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
13. 910
F0
=
B
=
6.360
F1
=
0.77
1.30
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.12
M2
=
1.88
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.48
M3
=
4.36
Design rabiesfor folded plates types PDEB 173
TABLE PDEB 37
L
=
13. 910
(5 FOLDS)
F0
=
0.74
B
=
6.550
F1
=
1.32
t
d
=
=
0.I00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.12
1.41
TABLE
PDEB 38
M2
=
i. 95
M3
=
4.55
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13. 910
F0

B
=
6.750
F1
=
1.34
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
I.ii
M2
=
2.03
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.34
M3
=
4.75
TABLE
PDEB
39
0.70
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13. 910
F0
=
0.66
B
=
6.9S0
FI
=
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.3S
1.12
M2
=
2.10
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.26
M3
=
4.95
TABLE
PDEB
40
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13.910
F0
=
B
=
7.160
F1
=
1.38
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.12
M2
=
2.18
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.19
M3
=
5.16
M2
M3
=
2.26
=
5.36
M2
M3
=
=
2.34
5.56
TABLE
PDEB
41
0.61
(5 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
13. 910
7.370
F0
F1
=
=
0.57
1.40
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.13
i.ii
TABLE
PDEB
42
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
13.910
F0
=
B
=
7.590
F1
=
0.52
1.42
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.15
1.02
174
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
PDEB
43
(5 F O L D S )
L
B
=
=
14.330
6.560
F0
F1
=
=
0.82
1.37
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.16
M2
=
1.97
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.51
M3
=
4.59
TABLE
PDEB
44
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
14.330
F0
=
B
=
6.760
F1
=
1.39
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
1.16
M2
=
2.04
1.44
M3
=
4.80
M2
M3
=
=
2.12
M2
M3
=
=
2.20
5.22
M2
=
2.29
M3
=
5.44
d
=
1.000
TABLE
PDEB
F3
45
=
0.78
(5 F O L D S )
L
B
=
=
14. 330
6.960
F0
F1
=
=
0.74
1.41
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.16
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.37
TABLE
PDEB
46
( 5 FOLDS)
L
=
14.330
F0
=
0.69
B
t
=
=
7.170
0.100
F1
F2
=
=
1.43
1.16
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.29
TABLE PDEB 47
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
14.330
7.390
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
PDEB
L
B
=
=
14.330
7.610
t
=
d
=
5.00
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
48
=
=
=
=
0.65
1.45
1.17
1.21
(5 F O L D S )
F0
F1
=
=
0.60
1.47
0.i00
F2
=
1.18
M2
=
2.37
1.000
F3
=
1.12
M3
=
5.65
Design tablesfor folded plates types PDEB 175
TABLE
L
=
P D E B 49
14.330
(5 FOLDS)
F0
=
B =
7.840
F1 =
t
d
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
TABLE
P D E B 50
L
B
=
=
14.760
6.750
t
=
0.100
d
=
1.000
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
PDEB
=
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
PDEB 52
14. 760
7.160
0.i00
1.000
=
=
=
=
14.760
7.370
0.100
1.000
=
=
=
=
14. 760
7.590
0.I00
1.000
=
2.46
M3
=
5.86
=
=
=
0.86
1.44
1.21
1.56
M2
M3
=
2.05
=
4.82
FOLDS)
0.82
1.46
1.20
1.48
M2
=
2.13
M3
=
5.03
=
=
=
=
0.78
1.48
1.20
1.40
M2
M3
=
=
2.21
5.25
M2
M3
=
=
2.30
5.47
M2
M3
=
=
2.38
5.69
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
T A B L E P D E B 54
L
B
t
d
M2
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
T A B L E P D E B 53
L
B
t
d
1.50
1.20
1.03
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
51
14.760
6.950
0.i00
1.000
=
=
0.55
=
=
=
=
0.74
1.50
1.21
1.32
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
0.69
1.52
1.22
1.24
176
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE PDEB 5 5
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
14. 760
F0
=
0.64
B
t
=
=
7.820
0.100
F1
F2
=
=
1.23
M2
=
2.48
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.15
M3
=
5.92
F0
F1
(5
=
=
FOLDS)
0.59
1.57
M2
M3
=
=
2.57
TABLE PDEB
L = 14. 760
B =
8.0S0
56
1.55
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.25
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.05
TABLE PDEB 57
6.14
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
15. 200
F0
=
B
=
6.950
F1
=
1.52
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.25
M2
=
2.14
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.60
M3
=
5.07
M2
M3
=
=
5.29
M2
M3
=
=
2.31
5.52
M2
M3
=
=
2.40
TABLE PDEB 58
0.91
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
15. 200
F0
=
B
=
7.160
F1
=
1.53
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.25
1.52
TABLE PDEB 59
0.87
2.23
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
15.200
F0
=
B
=
7.370
F1
=
1.55
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.25
1.44
TABLE PDEB 60
0.83
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
15. 200
F0
=
0.78
B
=
7.590
F1
=
1.57
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.26
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.35
5.75
Design tables for folded plates types PDEB 177
T A B L E P D E B 61
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
15.200
F0
=
B
=
7.820
F1
=
1.60
t
d
=
=
0.100
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.27
1.26
TABLE PDEB 62
0.73
M2
M3
=
=
2.50
5.99
L = 1 5 . 200
B =
8.050
t =
0.100
( 5 FOLDS)
F0 =
0.68
F1 =
1.62
F2 =
1.29
M2
=
2.59
d
F3
=
1.17
M3
=
6.22
F0
F1
(5
=
=
FOLDS)
0.63
1.65
M2
M3
=
=
2.69
6.45
=
1.000
TABLE
PDEB
L = 15. 200
B =
8.290
63
t
=
o.~oo
F2
=
~.3~
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.07
T A B L E P D E B 64
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
15.660
7.160
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
PDEB
L = 15. 660
( 5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
0.97
1.59
1.30
1.64
F0
(5
=
FOLDS)
0.92
65
B
=
7.370
F1
=
1.61
t
d
=
=
0.100
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.30
1.56
T A B L E P D E B 66
M2
=
2.24
M3
=
5.33
M2
M3
=
=
2.33
5.56
M2
M3
=
=
2.42
5.80
(5 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
15. 660
7.590
F0
F1
=
=
0.88
1.63
t
d
=
=
0.100
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.30
1.47
178
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE PDEB 6 7
( 5 FOLDS)
L
=
15.660
F0
=
B
=
7.820
F1
=
1.65
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1. 0 0 0
F2
F3
=
=
1.31
1.38
TABLE PDEB 68
0.83
M2
M3
=
=
2.51
6.05
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
15.660
F0
=
0.78
B
=
8.050
F1
=
1.68
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.33
M2
=
2.61
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.29
M3
=
6.29
M2
M3
=
=
2.72
6.53
M2
M3
=
=
2.82
6.77
M2
M3
=
=
2.34
5.61
TABLE PDEB
69
(5
FOLDS)
L
=
15.660
F0
=
0.72
B
t
d
=
=
=
8.290
0.I00
1.000
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
1.71
1.35
i.18
TABLE PDEB 7 0
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
15.660
F0
=
B
=
8.540
F1
=
1.74
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.37
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.08
F0
F~
(5
=
=
TABLE PDEB
L = 16. 130
B =
7.380
71
0.67
FOLDS)
1.02
~.68
t
=
o.~oo
F2
=
~.3s
d
=
~.ooo
F3
=
~.68
TABLE PDEB 72
L
B
=
=
16.130
7.600
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
=
=
0.97
1.70
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.35
M2
=
2.44
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.60
M3
=
5.86
Design tablesfor folded plates types PDEB 179
T A B L E P D E B 73
L
=
(5 FOLDS)
16.130
F0
=
0.93
B
=
7.830
F1
=
1.72
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.36
M2
=
2.53
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.50
M3
=
6.11
T A B L E P D E B 74
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
16.130
F0
=
0.88
S
=
8.060
F1
=
1.74
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.37
M2
=
2.63
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.41
M3
=
6.36
T A B L E P D E B 75
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
16. 130
F0
=
0.82
B
t
=
=
8.300
0.I00
F1
F2
=
=
1.77
1.38
M2
=
2.74
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.30
M3
=
6.62
F0
FI
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.77
1.79
1.41
1.20
M2
M3
=
=
2.85
6.87
TABLE
PDEB
L = 16.130
B =
e.550
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
TABLE
76
P D E B 77
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
16. 130
F0
=
B
=
8.810
F1
=
1.83
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.44
M2
=
2.97
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.08
M3
=
7.13
M2
M3
=
=
2.45
5.90
T A B L E P D E B 78
0.71
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
16. 610
F0
=
1.08
B
t
=
=
7.600
0.I00
F1
F2
=
=
1.76
1.40
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.73
180
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
T A B L E PDEB 79
(5 FOLDS)
L
B
t
=
=
=
16. 610
7.830
0.i00
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
1.03
1.78
1.40
M2
=
2.55
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.63
M3
=
6.16
TABLE PDEB 80
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
16.610
8.060
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
PDEB
L = 16. 610
B =
8.300
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
81
T A B L E PDEB
82
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
16. 610
8.550
0.100
1.000
( 5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
0.98
1.80
1.41
1.54
M2
M3
=
=
2.65
6.42
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.93
1.83
1.43
1.43
M2
M3
=
=
2.76
6.69
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.87
1.85
1.44
1.32
M2
M3
=
=
2.87
6.96
T A B L E PDEB 83
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
16. 610
F0
=
0.81
B
t
d
=
=
=
8.810
0.i00
1.000
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
1.89
1.47
1.21
M2
M3
=
=
2.99
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.75
1.92
1.50
1.09
M2
M3
=
=
3 .ii
7.48
TABLE
PDEB
L = 16.610
B =
9.070
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
S4
7.23
Design tablesfor folded plates types PDEB 181
TABLE PDEB 85
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
17.110
F0
=
B
=
7.830
F1
=
1.85
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.46
1.77
TABLE PDEB 86
17.110
1.14
M2
M3
=
=
2.56
6.21
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
B
=
8. 060
F0
=
1.09
F1
=
1.87
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.46
M2
=
2.66
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.67
M3
=
6.48
TABLE PDEB 87
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
17.110
F0
=
B
=
8.300
F1
=
1.90
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.47
M2
=
2.77
d

1.000
F3
=
1.57
M3
=
6.76
TABLE PDEB 88
L
=
B
=
t
d
17.110
(5 FOLDS)
F0
=
8. 550
F1
=
=
0.100
F2
=
1.49
M2
=
2.89
=
1.000
F3
=
1.46
M3
=
7.04
TABLE PDEB 89
L
B
1.04
0.98
i. 9 2
(5 FOLDS)
=
=
17.110
8.810
F0
F1
=
=
0.92
1.95
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
1.51
M2
=
3.01
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.34
M3
=
7.32
TABLE PDEB 90
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
17.110
F0
=
B
=
9.070
F1
=
0.86
1.98
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
1.54
M2
=
3.13
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.22
M3
=
7.59
182
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
T A B L E P D E B 91
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
17.110
F0
=
B
=
9.340
F1
=
2.02
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.57
M2
=
3.26
d
=
1.000
F3
=
i.i0
M3
=
7.85
F0
(5
=
M2
M3
=
=
6.53
M2
M3
=
=
2.79
M2
M3
=
=
2.90
7.11
M2
=
3.03
M3
=
7.40
TABLE
PDEB
92
FOLDS)
L
=
B
=
8.060
F1
=
1.95
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.51
=
1.82
d
17.620
0.80
=
1.000
F3
TABLE PDEB 93
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
17. 620
8.300
0.100
1.000
TABLE
1.20
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
PDEB 94
=
=
=
=
1.15
1.97
1.52
1.71
=
17.620
F0
=
1.09
B
t
d
=
=
=
8.550
0.i00
1.000
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
1.99
1.53
1.60
TABLE PDEB 95
=
=
=
=
17.620
8.810
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
6.81
(5 FOLDS)
L
L
B
t
d
2.68
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
P D E B 96
=
=
=
=
1.03
2.02
1.55
1.48
(5 FOLDS)
0.97
L
=
17.620
F0
=
B
=
9.070
F1
=
2.05
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.58
M2
=
3.15
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.36
M3
=
7.69
Design tablesfor folded plates types PDEB 183
TABLE
PDEB
97
(5 F O L D S )
L
=
17. 620
F0
=
0.91
B
=
9. 3 4 0
F1
=
2.08
t
d
=
=
0.100
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.61
1.23
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
PDEB
FOLDS)
0.85
2.12
1.65
1.10
M2
M3
=
=
3.42
8.25
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
1.27
2.05
~.57
1.86
M2
M3
=
=
2.80
6.87
TABLE
I00
TABLE
L
B
t
=
=
=
d
=
=
=
=
=
PDEB
18.150
8.810
0.100
1 .000
TABLE
L
B
t
d
PDEB
18.150
8.550
0.i00
1.000
PDEB
18.150
9. 0 7 0
0.100
1.000
7.97
=
=
=
=
99
=
=
=
=
3.28
=
(5
TABLE
PDEB
L = 18.150
B =
8.300
t =
0.~00
d =
1.000
L
B
t
d
=
F0
F1
F2
F3
98
17.620
9.620
0.100
1.000
M2
M3
F0
F1
F2
F3
I01
(5 F O L D S )
=
=
=
=
1.21
2.07
1.58
1.75
M2
=
2.92
M3
=
7.17
( 5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
1.15
2.09
1.60
M2
=
3.04
F3
=
1 .63
M3
=
7.48
M2
M3
=
3.17
=
7.78
I02
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5 F O L D S )
=
=
=
=
I.i0
2 . 12
1.62
1.51
184
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
PDEB
L = 18.150
B =
9.340
t =
o.1oo
d =
1.000
I03
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
1.03
2.15
1.65
1.38
M2
M3
=
=
3.30
8.08
TABLE
PDEB
L = 18. 150
B =
9.620
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
104
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.97
2.19
1.68
1.24
M2
M3
=
=
3.44
8.37
TABLE
PDEB
L = 18.150
B =
9.910
105
F0
F1
=
=
M2
M3
=
=
3.59
8.66
(5 F O L D S )
0.90
2.22
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.73
d
=
1.000
F3
=
I.i0
TABLE
PDEB
L = 18. 690
B =
8.550
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
106
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
1.34
2.15
1.64
1.90
M2
M3
=
=
2.93
7.23
TABLE
PDEB
L = 18. 690
B =
8. 8 1 0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
107
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
1.28
2.18
1.65
1.78
M2
M3
=
=
3.06
7.55
TABLE
PDEB
L = 18.690
B =
9.070
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
108
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
1.22
2.20
1.67
1.66
M2
M3
=
3.18
=
7.86
(5 F O L D S )
Design tables f or folded plates types PDEB
T A B L E PDEB 109
(5 FOLDS)
L
=
F0
=
B
=
9. 340
F1
=
2.23
t
d
=
=
0.100
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.69
1.53
18.690
1.16
M2
M3
=
=
3.32
8.18
1.09
2.26
1.72
M2
=
3.46
1.40
M3
=
8.49
M2
M3
=
=
3.61
8.80
M2
M3
=
=
3.77
9.09
M2
M3
=
=
3.07
7.61
M2
M3
=
=
3.20
7.94
T A B L E PDEB 110
(5 FOLDS)
L
B
t
=
=
=
d
=
=
=
=
18.690
9.620
0.i00
1.000
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
T A B L E PDEB iii
( 5 FOLDS )
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
18. 690
9.910
0.I00
1.000
F0
F1
F2
F3
1.02
2.30
1.76
1.25
T A B L E PDEB I12
(5 FOLDS )
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
18.690
10.210
0.I00
1.000
F0
F1
F2
F3
0.95
2.34
1.81
i.i0
T A B L E PDEB 113
(5 FOLDS)
L
S
t
d
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
19. 250
8. 810
0.i00
1.000
F0
F1
F2
F3
1.41
2.26
1.70
1.95
T A B L E PDEB i14
(5 FOLDS)
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
19. 250
9.070
0.i00
1.000
F0
F1
F2
F3
1.35
2.29
1.72
1.82
185
186
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
PDEB
L = 19.250
B =
9.340
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
115
F0
F1
F2
F3
TABLE
PDEB
L = 19. 250
B =
9.620
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
116
TABLE
PDEB
L = 19.250
B =
9.910
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
117
TABLE
PDEB
L = 19.250
B = 10.210
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
TABLE
PDEB
L = 19.250
S = Z0.520
F0
F1
F2
F3
F0
F1
F2
F3
( 5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS )
1.29
2.31
1.74
!.69
3.34
8.26
M2
M3
=
=
M2
M3
=
3.48
=
8.60
( 5 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
1.22
2.34
1.77
1.56
( 5 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
1.16
2.38
1.80
1.41
M2
M3
=
=
3.63
8.92
118
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS )
1.08
2.41
1.85
1.25
M2
M3
=
=
3.79
9.24
119
F0
FZ
(5
=
=
FOLDS)
1.01
2.46
M2
M3
=
=
3.96
9.54
M2
M3
=
=
3.21
8.00
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.90
d
=
1.000
F3
=
i.09
TABLE
PDEB
L = 19. 830
B =
9.070
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
120
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5 F O L D S )
=
=
=
=
1.49
2.38
1.77
1.99
Design tables f or folded plates types PDEB
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
PDEB
19. 830
9.340
0.i00
1.000
PDEB
19. 830
9.620
0.i00
1.000
121
F0
F1
F2
F3
122
1.43
2.40
1.79
1.86
M2
M3
=
3.35
=
8.35
( 5 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
1.36
2.43
1.81
1.72
M2
M3
=
=
3.50
8.69
123
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS )
1.29
2.46
1.85
1.58
M2
M3
=
=
3.65
TABLE
PDEB
L = 19. 830
B = i0.2~0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
124
F0
FI
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
1.22
2.50
1.42
M2
M3
=
=
3.81
9.38
TABLE
PDEB
L = 19.830
B = i0.520
t =
0.i00
~.ooo
d =
125
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
1.15
2.54
1.94
1.25
M2
M3
=
=
3.98
9.71
TABLE
126
M2
M3
=
=
4.17
i0.02
TABLE
L
B
t
d
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
PDEB
19.830
9.910
0.100
1.000
PDEB
19. 830
i0.840
0.i00
1.000
F0
F1
F2
F3
( 5 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
F0
F1
F2
F3
1.89
9.04
(5 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
1.07
2.58
2.00
1.08
187
188
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
PDEB
L
B
=
=
20.420
9.340
127
F0
F1
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
PDEB
128
20. 420
9.620
0.I00
1.000
F0
F1
F2
F3
TABLE
PDEB
L = 20.420
B =
9.910
t =
0.100
d =
~.000
TABLE
PDEB
L = 20. 420
B = ~0.2~0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
(5
=
=
FOLDS)
1.57
2.50
=
=
1.85
2.04
129
F0
F1
F2
F3
( 5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS )
1.44
2.56
1.89
1.75
M2
M3
=
3.67
=
9.14
130
F0
F~
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
1.37
2.59
1.93
1.59
M2
M3
=
=
3.83
9.50
M2
M3
=
=
4.00
9.86
M2
M3
=
=
4.19
i0.19
( 5 FOLDS)
F0
=
1.29
B
t
d
=
=
=
10.520
0.i00
1.000
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
2.63
1.98
1.43
(5
=
FOLDS)
=
=
=
2.67
2.03
1.25
420
B
t
d
=
=
=
i0.840
0.i00
1.000
3.51
8.78
M2
M3
20.420
20.
=
=
1.50
2.53
1.87
1.90
=
=
3.36
8.42
(5 FOLDS )
L
L
=
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE PDEB 1 3 1
TABLE PDEB
M2
M3
132
F0
F1
F2
F3
1.22
Design tablesfor folded plates types PDEB 189
TABLE
PDEB
L = 20. 420
B
t
d
=
=
=
ii.170
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
PDEB
L = 21. 030
133
F0
F1
F2
F3
134
(5
=
FOLDS)
1.14
=
=
=
2.71
2.10
1.07
M2
M3
=
=
4.38
i0.51
(5 F O L D S )
F0
=
1.65
B
t
=
=
9.620
0.I00
F1
F2
=
=
2.63
1.92
M2
=
3.52
d
=
1.000
F3
=
2.08
M3
=
8.86
(5
=
FOLDS)
1.59
M2
M3
=
3.68
=
9.24
TABLE
L
=
PDEB
21. 030
B =
9.910
t
d
0.100
1.000
=
=
135
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
2.65
1.95
1.93
TABLE PDEB 136
( 5 FOLDS)
L
=
2 1 . 030
F0
=
1.52
B =
t =
d =
1 0 . 210
0.I00
1.000
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
2.69
1.98
1.77
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
PDEB
21. 030
i0.520
0.i00
1.000
PDEB
21. 030
I0.840
0.i00
1.000
137
F0
F1
F2
F3
138
F0
F1
F2
F3
M2
M3
=
3.85
=
9.62
M2
M3
=
=
4.02
9.99
M2
M3
=
=
4.20
i0.36
(5 F O L D S )
=
=
=
=
1.44
2.72
2.02
1.61
(5 F O L D S )
=
=
=
=
1.37
2.76
2.07
1.43
190
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
PDEB
139
(5 F O L D S )
L
B
=
=
21. 030
11.170
F0
F1
=
=
1.29
2.80
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
2.13
d
=
1.000
F3
=
1.24
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
PDEB
21.030
11.510
0.100
1.000
140
F0
F1
F2
F3
M2
M3
=
=
4.40
i0.70
M2
M3
=
4.61
=
ii. 03
(5 F O L D S )
=
=
=
=
1.21
2.85
2.21
1.05
This page intentionally left blank
oo
I.~r ,
3
rr I
,..
\
"1 I33~
I~
Fig. 1.2
o
O
O
__L
~
O
C~
Appendix 7. Design tables for folded
plates types CUDEB
TABLE
L =
B
t
d
=
=
=
CUDEB
12.000
5.490
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 12.000
B =
5.650
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
1
3
CUDEB
TABLE
L = 12.000
B =
5.990
4
=
=
See Figs A7 and A8
0.100
1.000
FOLDS)
=
1.89
=
=
=
=
=
=
0.03
0.69
0.99
i. 19
0.28
5.30
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
(9
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
1.93
0.00
0.67
0.93
I. 18
0.32
5.40
2
CUDEB
TABLE
L = 12.000
B =
5.820
t =
0. 1 0 0
d =
1.000
t
d
(9
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.62
2.63
i. 8 4
0.59
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.61
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.60
2.79
2.02
0.66
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.58
2.86
2. i0
0.70
2.71
1.93
0.62
(9 F O L D S )
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
1.97
0.03
0.66
0.87
1.16
0.36
5.51
(9 FOLDS)
F0
F1
=
=
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
2.01
0.05
0.65
0.81
1.14
0.40
5.63
194
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 12.000
B =
6.170
t =
0.100
d =
1.00.0
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 12.000
B =
6. 360
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = i2 ~.000
B
t
d
=
=
=
B
t
d
=
=
=
5. 6 5 0
0.IO0
1.000
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
2.06
0.08
0.64
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
1.12
0.44
5.74
0.75
M2
=
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
0.56
2.93
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.53
3.00
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.51
3.06
2.37
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.69
2.84
2.02
0.62
2.19
0.74
(9 FOLDS)
6
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
2.10
0. I0
0.64
0.69
i. I0
0.49
5.87
2.28
0.79
( 9 FOLDS)
7
6. 5 5 0
0.I00
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 12.360
( 9 FOLDS)
5
F0
=
FI
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
=
F5
F6
=
=
2.14
0.13
0.64
0.63
I. 08
0.54
6.00
0.84
(9 FOLDS)
8
F0
=
2.03
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
=
0.02
0.71
I. 01
1.25
0.30
F6
=
5.69
Design tablesforfoldedplates types CUDEB 195
TABLE
CUDEB
(9
9
FOLDS)
L
=
12. 360
F0
=
2.07
B
=
5. 8 2 0
F1
=
0.01
t
d
=
=
0.I00
1.000
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
0.69
0.94
1.23
0.35
5.80
TABLE
CUDEB
i0
=
=
12.360
5. 9 9 0
F0
F1
=
=
2.12
0.04
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
0.68
II
F0
F1
=
=
2.16
0.07
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
0.67
0.81
1.20
0.43
6.04
12
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
2.21
0.i0
0.67
0.75
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
1.18
0.48
6.18
t
d
=
=
0. i 0 0
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 12.360
B =
6. 360
t =
0.I00
d =
i. 0 0 0
=
=
=
=
0.68
2.93
2. ii
0.66
M2
M3
=
=
0.66
3.01
M4
M5
=
=
2.20
0.70
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.64
3.08
2.29
0.74
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.61
3.15
2.39
0.79
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 12.360
B =
6.170
M2
M3
M4
M5
0.88
1.22
0.39
5.92
(9 FOLDS)
(9 FOLDS)
196 Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 12.360
B =
6. 5 5 0
t =
0.i00
d
=
i. 0 0 0
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 12.360
B =
6. 7 5 0
t =
0.i00
d =
i. 0 0 0
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 12.730
B =
5. 8 2 0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 12.730
B =
5.990
t =
0.I00
d =
I. 0 0 0
(9 FOLDS)
13
FO
F1
F2
=
=
=
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
14
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
15
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
16
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
=
=
2.22
0.02
0.71
0.95
1.30
0.37
F6
=
6.22
2.26
0.13
0.66
0.68
1.16
0.53
M2
=
0.59
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
3.22
2.48
0.84
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.56
3.28
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
M5
=
0.77
3.08
2.21
0.66
M2
M3
=
=
M4
M5
=
=
6.31
(9 FOLDS)
2.30
0.15
0.67
0.62
1.14
0.58
6.45
2.57
0.89
(9 FOLDS)
2.17
0.01
0.73
1.02
1.31
0.33
6.10
(9 FOLDS)
0.75
3.16
2.30
0.70
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUDEB 197
TABLE
L
=
CUDEB
12.730
17
(9
FOLDS)
F0
=
2.27
B
=
6.170
F1
=
0.06
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
0.70
0.89
i .28
0.42
6.35
18
F0
=
2.32
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
0.09
0.69
0.82
1.26
0.47
6.50
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 12. 730
B =
6. 5 5 0
t =
0. I 0 0
d =
1.000
19
FO
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
2.37
0.12
0.69
0.75
1.24
0.52
6.64
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 12.730
B =
6. 7 5 0
t =
0.i00
d =
i. 0 0 0
20
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
(9
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
FOLDS )
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 12.730
B
t
d
=
=
=
6. 3 6 0
0.I00
i. 0 0 0
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.73
 3 92 4
2.40
0.74
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.70
3.32
2.50
0.79
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.67
3.38
2.60
0.84
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.64
3.45
2.70
0.89
(9 FOLDS)
(9 FOLDS)
2.42
0.15
0.69
0.68
i .22
0.58
6.79
198
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 12.730
B =
6. 950
t
=
0.I00
d
=
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 13.110
B
t
d
=
=
=
6. 0 0 0
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 13.110
B =
6. 1 8 0
t =
0.I00
d =
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 13.110
B
t
d
=
=
=
6.370
0.I00
1.000
(9
21
FO
F1
=
=
FOLDS)
2.47
0.17
F2
=
0.69
M2
=
0.61
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
2.80
0.94
0.75
M2
=
0.85
1.03
1.38
0.36
6.55
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
3.33
2.42
0.70
M2
M3
=
=
M4
M5
=
=
0.83
3.42
2.52
0.74
F3
=
0.61
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
1.20
0.63
6.94
22
F0
=
2.33
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
0.01
23
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
24
3.50
(9 FOLDS)
(9 FOLDS)
2.38
0.04
0.73
0.96
1.36
0.41
6.69
(9 Forms)
F0
=
2.44
F1
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
=
O.08
0.72
0.89
1.34
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
F5
=
0.46
M5
=
F6
=
6.83
0.80
3.50
2.63
0.79
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUDEB 199
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
=
d
CUDEB
=
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
2.50
6. 5 6 0
F1
=
0.12
0.i00
F2
=
0.72
M2
=
0.77
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
0.81
M3
=
3.57
1.32
0.51
M4
M5
=
=
2.73
0.84
F6
=
6.98
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
0.74
3.63
2.84
M5
=
0.89
M2
=
0.70
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
3.69
2.94
0.94
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.67
3.75
3.04
i.00
CUDEB
13.110
6. 7 6 0
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
(9 FOLDS)
=
1.000
TABLE
25
F0
13.110
CUDEB
26
(9 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
=
=
F5
=
F6
=
27
=
=
13.110
6.960
F0
F1
=
=
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
F6
=
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CUDEB
13.110
7.170
0.i00
1.000
28
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
0.57
7.14
(9 FOWS)
L
B
TABLE
2.55
0.15
0.72
0.74
1.30
2.61
0.18
0.72
0.67
1.28
0.62
7.30
(9 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
2.66
0.20
0.72
0.60
1.26
0.68
7.47
200 Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUDEB
29
(9 FOLDS)
L
=
13. 500
F0
=
2.5O
B
t
=
=
6.180
0.I00
F1
=
0.02
F2
=
0.77
M2
=
0.93
d
=
1. 0 0 0
F3
=
1.05
F4
F5
=
1.45
=O.38
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
3.59
2.64
0.74
F6
=
0.91
TABLE
L
=
CUDEB
13.500
30
F0
7.02
(9 Fo
s)
=
2.56
B
=
6.370
F1
=
0.06
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
0.76
M2
=
0.97
M3
=
3.68
F4
=
1.43
M4
=
2.75
F5
=
0.44
M5
=
0.79
F6
=
7.18
TABLE
CUDEB
31
(9 FOLDS)
L
=
13.500
F0
=
2.62
B
t
=
=
6.560
0.I00
F1
F2
=
=
0 .I0
0.75
M2
=
0.88
d
=
1.000
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
0.89
1.41
0.50
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
3.76
2.86
F6
=
7.34
M2
M3
=
=
0.84
M4
=
M5
=
2.97
0.89
TABLE
CUDEB
32
(9
0.84
FOLDS)
L
=
13.500
F0
=
2.68
B
=
6.760
F1
=
0.14
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
0.74
d
=
1.000
F3
F4
=
=
0.81
1.39
F5
=
0.55
F6
=
7.50
3.83
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUDEB 201
TABLE
L
=
CUDEB
13.500
33
F0
(9 FOLDS)
=
2.74
B
=
6.960
F1
=
0.17
t
=
0.100
F2
=
d
=
1.000
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CUDEB
13.500
7.170
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
L
=
B
t
d
=
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CUDEB
13.500
7. 3 9 0
0.I00
i. 0 0 0
CUDEB
13.910
6.360
0.i00
1.000
F3
F4
=
=
0.74
0.74
1.37
F5
F6
=
=
0.61
7.67
(9
FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
2.80
0.20
34
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
35
(9
F0
=
F1
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
=
F5
F6
=
=
36
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
0.75
0.66
1.35
0.67
7.85
M2
=
0.80
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
3.89
3.08
0.94
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
 0 97 6
3.95
=
=
3.19
I.00
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.73
4.00
3.31
i. 06
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
i. 02
3.88
2.88
0.79
FOLDS)
2.86
0.23
0.75
0.58
1.33
0.73
8.04
(9 FOLDS)
2.68
0.04
0.80
1.06
1.53
0.41
7.53
202 Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 13. 910
B =
6. 5 5 0
t =
0.I00
d =
1.000
TABLE
L
B
CUDEB
(9 FOLDS)
37
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
38
2.74
0.08
0.78
0.98
1.51
0.47
7.70
13.910
6. 7 5 0
F0
F1
=
=
2.81
0.13
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
d
=
I. 0 0 0
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
0.78
0.90
1.49
0.53
7.88
39
F0
=
F1
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
=
F5
F6
=
=
40
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
1.44
0.66
F6
=
8.24
B
t
d
=
=
=
6. 9 5 0
0.i00
I. 0 0 0
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 13. 910
B =
7. 1 6 0
t =
0.i00
d
=
i. 0 0 0
=
=
=
=
I .00
3.96
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.96
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.92
4 .ii
3.23
M2
=
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
0.88
4.17
3.35
i.00
2.99
0.84
(9 FOLDS)
=
=
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 13.910
M2
M3
M4
M5
4.04
3.11
0.89
(9 FOLDS)
2.88
0.17
0.77
0.82
1.47
0.59
8.06
0.94
(9 FOLDS)
2.94
0.20
0.77
0.73
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUDEB 203
(9
FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
13.910
7. 3 7 0
F0
F1
=
=
3.01
0.23
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
0.78
0.66
1.42
0.72
8.43
TABLE
TABLE
CUDEB
CUDEB
41
42
=
=
13.910
7. 5 9 0
F0
F1
=
=
t
d
=
=
0.I00
1.000
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
d
=
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 14.330
B =
6. 7 6 0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
43
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
=
0.84
4.22
3.46
1.06
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.80
4.27
3.58
i. 12
M2
=
i. 1 2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
4.18
3.14
0.84
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.09
4.27
3.27
0.89
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 14.330
B =
6. 5 6 0
t =
0.i00
M2
M3
M4
M5
(9
=
=
=
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
F6
=
44
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
3.07
0.26
0.78
0.58
1.40
0.78
8.63
FOLDS)
2.88
0.06
0.82
1.07
1.60
0.45
8.10
(9 FOLDS)
2.95
0. ii
0.81
0.98
I .58
0.51
8.28
204
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 14.330
B =
6. 9 6 0
t
d
=
=
0.i00
I. 0 0 0
45
( 9 FOLDS )
F0
F1
=
=
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 14.330
B =
7.170
t =
0.i00
d =
I. 0 0 0
46
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 14.330
47
F0
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
M2
=
1.05
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
4.34
3.39
0.94
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
i.00
4.41
3.52
.i.00
M2
M3
=
=
0.95
4.47
M4
M5
=
=
3.65
1.06
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
0.91
4.52
3.77
M5
=
1.13
(9 FOLDS )
3.10
0.20
0.80
0.81
1.54
0.64
8.67
(9
=
FOLDS)
3.17
0.24
0.80
0.72
=
=
7. 3 9 0
0.i00
F1
F2
=
=
d
=
i. 000
F3
=
F4
F5
=
=
F6
=
48
0.89
1.56
0.58
8.47
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
B
t
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 14.330
B =
7. 610
t =
0.i00
d =
i. 000
3.02
0.16
0.80
1.52
0.71
8.88
( 9 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
=
=
3.24
0.27
0.81
0.63
1.50
0.78
F6
=
9.09
Design tablesforfoldedplates types CUDEB 205
TABLE
L
=
CUDEB
14. 330
49
F0
(9 FOWS)
=
3.31
B =
7.840
F1
=
0.30
t
d
0.100
1. 0 0 0
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
0.82
0.55
1.47
0.85
9.31
50
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
(9
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
FOLDS )
3.08
0.08
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 14. 760
B =
6. 9 5 0
t =
0.I00
d =
I. 0 0 0
51
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
3.16
0.14
0.84
0.99
1.67
0.54
8.88
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 14.760
B =
7. 1 6 0
t =
0.I00
d =
i. 0 0 0
52
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
(9
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
3.24
0.18
0.83
0.89
1.65
0.62
9.09
=
=
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 14.760
B =
6. 7 5 0
t =
0.i00
d =
I. 0 0 0
0.85
1.08
1.69
0.48
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.86
4.57
3.90
i. 20
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
i. 22
4.50
3.42
0.89
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
i. 19
4.59
3.55
0.94
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.14
4.66
3.69
i.00
8.68
(9 F O L D S )
206
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 14.760
B =
7. 3 7 0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
(9 FOLDS)
53
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 14.760
B =
7. 5 9 0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
54
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
55
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CUDEB
14.760
7.820
0. I 0 0
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 14.760
B =
8.050
t =
0. I 0 0
d =
1.000
3.32
0.23
0.83
0.80
1.63
0.69
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.09
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.04
4.78
3.95
1.12
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
0.99
4.83
4.09
1.19
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
0.95
4.87
4.22
M5
=
1.26
4.72
3.82
1.06
9.30
(9 FOLDS)
3.40
0.27
0.83
0.71
1.61
0.76
9.52
(9 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
56
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
F4
=
3.48
0.30
0.84
0.62
1.58
0.83
9.76
(9 FOLDS)
F5
=
3.55
0.33
0.86
0.54
1.56
0.91
F6
=
9.99
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUDEB 207
TABLE
L
=
CUDEB
15.200
57
F0
(9 FOLOS)
=
B =
6.950
F1 =
t
d
0.100
1. 0 0 0
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
58
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
=
=
F5
F6
=
=
59
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 15.200
B =
7. 1 6 0
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 15.200
B =
7.370
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 15.200
B =
7.590
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
60
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
(9
3.31
0.11
0.87
1.08
1.78
0.51
9.31
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.33
4.84
3.72
0.94
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.29
4.93
3.86
1.00
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.24
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.19
)LDS)
3.40
0.17
0.86
0.98
1.76
0.59
9.53
(9 OLOS)
3.48
0.22
0.86
0.89
1.74
0.66
5.00
4.00
1.06
9.76
(9
FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
3.57
0.26
0.86
0.79
1.72
0.74
9.99
5.06
4.14
1.12
208 Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CUDEB
15.200
7. 820
0.i00
1.000
CUDEB
61
(9 FOLDS }
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
=
=
F5
F6
=
=
62
3.65
0.31
=
=
=
1.13
5.11
1.69
M2
M3
M4
0.81
M5
=
1.19
M2
M3
=
=
1.08
0.60
0.87
0.69
4.29
i0.24
(9 FOLDS)
L
=
15.200
F0
=
3.74
B
=
8.050
F1
=
0.34
t
d
=
=
0.100
1.000
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
0.88
1.67
M4
=
5.15
4.43
F5
F6
=
=
0.89
10.48
M5
=
1.26
TABLE
L
CUDEB
63
(9 FOLDS)
B
=
=
15.200
8. 290
F0
F1
=
=
3.82
0.37
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
0.90
M2
=
1.03
=
5.19
d
=
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 15.660
F3
=
0.51
M3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
1.64
0.97
M4
M5
=
=
4.58
1.34
64
F0
=
3.55
10.74
(9 FOLDS)
B
=
7. 1 6 0
F1
=
0.14
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
0.90
1.09
M2
M3
=
=
1.45
5.21
F4
=
1.88
M4
=
4.05
F5
=
0.55
M5
=
i.00
F6
=
i0.00
Design tablesforfoldedplates types CUDEB 209
TABLE
L
=
CUDEB
65
15.660
F0
(9 FOLDS)
=
3.64
B
=
7.370
F1
=
0.20
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
0.89
M2
=
i. 40
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.98
F4
=
1.85
M3
M4
=
=
4.20
F5
F6
=
=
0.63
10.24
M5
=
1.06
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.35
5.36
4.35
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
I. 29
5.42
4.50
1.19
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
i. 23
5.46
4.65
i. 2 6
TABLE
CUDEB
66
(9 FOLDS)
L
=
15.660
F0
=
3.74
B
t
d
=
=
=
7.590
0.i00
1.000
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
=
0.25
0.89
0.88
1.83
0.71
F6
=
10.48
(9
=
FOLDS )
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
=
F6
=
0.30
0.90
0.78
1.81
0.79
10.74
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 15.660
B
t
d
=
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
7.820
0.i00
1.000
CUDEB
15.660
8.050
0.i00
1.000
67
F0
68
5.29
I. 1 2
3.84
(9 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
=
=
F6
=
3.93
0.35
0.91
0.68
1.79
0.87
ii.00
210
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 15.660
B =
8.290
(9 FOLDS)
69
F0
F1
=
=
4.02
0.38
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
F5
F6
=
=
0.92
0.58
1.76
0.96
11.28
70
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
=
=
F6
=
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 16.130
B =
7. 3 8 0
t =
0. i 0 0
d =
i. 0 0 0
71
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 16.130
B =
7. 6 0 0
72
F0
F1
=
=
3.92
0.23
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
0.93
F5
F6
=
=
t
d
=
=
0.I00
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 15.660
B =
8.540
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
t
d
=
=
0. i 0 0
i. 0 0 0
1.17
5.50
M2
=
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
M5
=
1.12
5.53
4.97
1.42
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.58
5.60
4.41
1.06
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
1.52
5.68
4.57
M5
=
1.13
4.81
1.34
(9 FOLDS)
4.10
0.41
0.94
0.48
1.74
1.04
11.56
(9 FOLDS)
3.81
0.17
0.93
1.08
1.98
0.59
10.74
(9 FOLDS)
0.97
1.95
0.67
Ii.00
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUDEB 211
TABLE
L
=
B
t
d
=
=
=
CUDEB
16.130
7.830
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 16. 130
B =
8. 0 6 0
t
d
=
=
0.I00
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 16.130
B =
8. 3 0 0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 16.130
B =
8. 5 5 0
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
73
(9 FOLDS)
F0
=
4.02
F1
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
0.93
0.86
1.93
0.76
11.28
74
F0
F1
=
=
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
75
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
F2
F3
F4
76
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
0.29
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
i. 46
5.74
4.73
M5
=
i. 20
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.39
5.80
4.89
1.27
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.33
5.84
5.06
1.34
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.26
5.87
5.22
1.43
(9 FOLDS)
4.13
0.34
0.93
0.75
1.91
0.85
11.55
(9 FOLDS)
4.23
0.39
0.95
0.65
1.89
0.94
11.84
(9 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
4.32
0.43
0.96
0.54
1.86
1.03
12.14
212 Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 16.130
77
F0
( 9 FOLDS)
=
4.42
B
=
8.810
F1
=
0.46
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
0.99
0.43
1.83
F5
=
1.12
F6
=
12.46
(9
FOLDS)
TABLE
CUDEB
78
=
=
1.21
M4
=
M5
=
5.39
1.51
0.21
0.96
M2
M3
5.89
4.09
L
B
=
=
16.610
7.600
F0
F1
=
=
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
M2
=
d
=
1.000
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
1.08
M3
=
1.71
6.01
2.08
0.63
M4
M5
=
=
4.79
1.13
F6
=
ii .52
1.64
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
=
d
=
TABLE
CUDEB
79
(9 FOLDS)
F0
=
4.21
7. 830
F1
=
0.28
0.i00
F2
=
0.96
M2
=
=
=
=
=
0.96
M3
=
6.09
2.06
0.72
11.81
M4
M5
=
=
4.97
1.20
16.610
1.000
CUDEB
F3
F4
F5
F6
80
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
16.610
8. 060
F0
F1
=
=
4.32
0.34
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
0.96
M2
=
i .58
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.85
M3
=
6.15
F4
=
2.04
M4
=
5.13
F5
=
M5
=
1.27
F6
=
0.81
12.10
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUDEB 213
TABLE
CUDEB
81
( 9 FOLDS)
L
=
16.610
F0
=
4.43
B
t
d
=
=
=
8.300
0.i00
1.000
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
0.39
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 16.610
B =
8.550
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
82
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
(9
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
4.54
TABLE
83
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CUDEB
16.610
8.810
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 16.610
B =
9. 0 7 0
t =
0.i00
d
=
1.000
0.97
0.73
2.02
0.91
12.41
0.44
0.99
0.62
1.99
i.00
12.73
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
I. 5 1
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.43
6.23
5.48
i. 43
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.37
6.25
5.66
i. 51
M2
=
1.31
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
6.27
5.84
i. 60
6.19
5.31
I. 3 4
(9 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
84
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
4.65
0.48
i.01
0.50
1.96
i.i0
13.06
(9 FOLDS)
4.75
0.51
1.04
0.39
1.94
1.20
13.39
214
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
(9
=
FOLDS)
4.39
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
0.25
I.00
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 17.110
B =
8. 0 6 0
t =
0.i00
d =
i. 0 0 0
86
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
4.52
0.32
i.00
0.95
2.18
0.77
12.68
TABLE
87
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 17.110
B
t
d
=
=
=
7. 8 3 0
0.100
I. 0 0 0
85
F0
1.07
2.20
0.67
12.37
(9
FOLDS)
=
=
17.110
8. 3 0 0
F0
F1
=
=
0.38
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
I.00
0.83
2.15
0.87
13.00
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 17.110
B =
8. 5 5 0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
88
=
=
=
=
i .85
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.78
6.53
5.39
1.27
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.71
6.58
5.57
1.34
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.63
6.62
5.76
1.43
6.46
5.21
1.20
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
CUDEB
M2
M3
M4
M5
4.64
(9 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
=
=
4.77
0.44
i.01
0.70
2.13
0.97
F6
=
13.34
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUDEB 215
TABLE
L
CUDEB
89
(9
FOLDS)
=
17.110
F0
=
4.89
B
=
t
d
=
=
8.810
0.100
1.000
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
0.49
1.03
0.58
2.10
1.07
13.69
90
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
(9
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
5.00
0.53
1.06
0.46
2.08
1.17
14.04
91
F0
F1
(9
=
=
FOLDS)
5.11
0.56
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 17.110
B =
9.070
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 17.110
B =
9.340
t
=
o.~oo
F2
=
1.09
d
=
1.000
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
0.34
2.05
1.28
14.41
(9
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
4.71
0.29
1.03
1.06
2.32
0.71
13.27
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 17.620
B =
8.060
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
92
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
i. 55
=
6.65
=
5.95
=
1.51
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
I. 48
6.66
=
6.14
=
1.60
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.42
6.67
6.33
I. 70
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.00
6.92
5.65
i. 27
216
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 17.620
B =
8.300
(9 FOLDS)
93
F0
F1
=
=
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 17.620
B =
8.550
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
94
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
95
t
d
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
0.i00
1.000
CUDEB
17.620
8. 8 1 0
0.i00
1.000
CUDEB
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
96
4.85
0.36
1.03
0.93
2.30
0.82
M2
M3
=
=
1.92
M4
M5
=
=
5.85
1.34
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.84
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.76
7.07
6.25
1.51
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.68
7.09
6.45
1.60
6.99
13.61
(9 FOLDS)
4.99
0.43
1.04
0.80
2.28
0.92
13.96
7.03
6.04
1.43
(9 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
5.12
0.49
1.06
0.66
2.25
1.03
14.33
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
17.620
9.070
F0
F1
=
=
5.25
0.54
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
1.08
0.54
2.23
i .14
14.70
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUDEB 217
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CUDEB
=
=
=
( 9 FOLDS)
=
5.37
9. 3 4 0
F1
=
0.59
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
i.ii
0.41
2.20
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
1.60
7.09
6.65
F5
F6
=
=
1.25
15.09
M5
=
I. 7 0
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.54
7.09
6.86
I. 80
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.16
7.42
6.13
i. 34
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.08
7.48
6.34
1.43
CUDEB
17.620
9. 6 2 0
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 18.150
B
t
d
97
F0
17.620
8. 3 0 0
0. i 0 0
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 18.150
B =
8. 5 5 0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
98
(9 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
99
F0
=
5.06
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
0.33
1.07
1.05
2.45
0.76
14.24
I00
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
5.49
0.62
1.15
0.29
2.17
1.36
15.49
(9 FOLDS)
(9
FOLDS)
5.21
0.41
1.08
0.91
2.43
0.87
14.61
218
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 18.150
B =
8. 8 1 0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 18.150
B =
9. 0 7 0
t =
0.I00
d =
1.000
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CUDEB
18.150
9. 3 4 0
0.I00
1. 0 0 0
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 18.150
B =
9. 6 2 0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
(9 FOLDS)
I01
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
F4
F5
=
=
5.36
0.49
1.09
0.76
2.41
0.99
F6
=
15.01
I02
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
1.99
7.52
6.56
1.51
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.90
7.55
6.77
1.60
M2
=
M3
=
M4
=
M5
=
1.81
7.56
6.99
1.70
M2
=
1.73
M3
=
M4
=
M5
=
7.55
7.21
1.80
(9 FOLDS)
5.51
0.55
1.11
0.63
9
2.38
1.10
15.40
(9 FOLDS)
103
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
5.64
0.60
1.14
0.49
2.35
1.21
15.81
(9 FOLDS)
104
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
5.78
0.65
1.17
0.36
2.33
1.33
16.23
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUDEB 219
TABLE
L
=
CUDEB
18.150
(9 FOLDS)
105
F0
5.90
=
B
=
9.910
F1
=
0.68
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
1.21
0.23
TABLE
CUDEB
L
B
=
=
18.690
8.550
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 18.690
B =
8.810
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 18.690
B =
9.070
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
2.29
1.45
=
=
=
i. 67
7.54
7.43
M5
=
1.91
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.33
7.95
6.65
1.43
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.24
8.00
6.88
I. 5 1
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.14
8.03
7.10
1.60
16.67
(9 FOLDS )
106
F0
F1
=
=
5.44
0.39
F2
F3
F4=
F5
F6
=
=
i.ii
1.03
2.59
0.80
15.28
=
=
(9 FOLDS)
107
F0
F1
=
=
5.60
0.47
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
1.12
0.87
2.57
0.93
15.69
108
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
M2
M3
M4
(9
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
FOLDS
5.76
0.55
1.14
0.73
2.54
1.05
16.11
)
220
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 18.690
B
(9 FOLDS)
109
F0
=
5.92
=
9. 3 4 0
F1
=
0.61
t
=
0. I 0 0
F2
=
1.16
M2
=
2.05
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.58
M3
=
8.05
F4
=
M4
=
F5
=
2.52
1.17
M5
=
7.33
1.70
F6
=
16.54
Ii0
F0
F1
=
=
0.67
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 18.690
B =
9.620
(9 FOLDS)
6.07
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.19
M2
=
1.96
d
=
1.000
F3
F4
=
=
0.44
2.49
M3
=
M4
=
8.05
7.57
F5
=
=
1.80
=
1.29
16.99
M5
F6
1.87
TABLE
CUDEB
(9 FOLDS)
IIi
L
B
t
=
=
=
18.690
9. 9 1 0
0.i00
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
6.21
0.71
1.23
M2
=
d
=
1.000
F3
=
0.29
M3
=
8.03
F4
=
2.46
M4
=
7.81
F5
=
1.42
M5
=
1.91
F6
=
17.45
I12
F0
=
6.35
F1
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
=
0.74
1.28
0.15
2.43
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
1.81
8.00
8.05
F5
=
1.55
M5
=
2.03
F6
=
17.94
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 18.690
B
t
d
=
=
=
10.210
0.I00
i. 0 0 0
(9 FOLDS)
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUDEB 221
TABLE
CUDEB
(9 FOLDS)
I13
L
=
F0
=
5.84
B
=
8. 8 1 0
F1
=
0.44
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
F2
F3
=
=
1.15
i.00
M2
M3
=
=
2.51
8.51
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
2.74
0.85
16.40
M4
M5
=
=
7.22
1.51
114
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.41
8.55
7.46
i. 60
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 19.250
B =
9. 3 4 0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
I15
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.31
8.58
7.70
i. 70
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 19.250
B =
9. 6 2 0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
116
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.21
8.58
7.95
19.250
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 19.250
B =
9. 0 7 0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
(9
FOLDS)
6.02
0.53
1.17
0.84
2.71
0.98
16.84
(9
FOLDS)
6.19
0.61
1.19
0.68
2.69
i.ii
17.30
(9 FOLDS)
6.36
0.68
1.22
0.53
2.67
1.24
17.77
1.80
222
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 19.250
B =
9. 9 1 0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
( 9 FOLDS)
117
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 19. 250
B = 10.210
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
I18
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 19.250
B = I0.520
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
119
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 19.830
B =
9. 0 7 0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
120
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
6.52
0.73
1.25
0.37
2.64
1.37
18.26
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
2.11
8.57
8.20
1.91
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.03
8.54
8.46
2.03
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.96
8.49
8.72
2.16
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.71
9.11
7.82
1.60
=
=
(9 FOLDS)
6.68
0.78
1.30
0.22
2.61
i .51
18.77
( 9 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
6.83
0.81
1.35
0.07
2.57
1.65
19.30
(9 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
6.27
0.5O
1.20
0.97
2.90
0.90
17.60
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUDEB 223
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
=
=
CUDEB
F0
=
6.47
9.340
F1
=
0.59
0.100
1.000
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
19,830
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 19,830
B =
9. 6 2 0
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
(9 FOLDS)
121
122
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
2.87
i. 04
18.08
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.60
9.14
8.08
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.49
9.16
8.34
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.38
9.15
8.61
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.28
9.12
8.89
2.03
1.70
(9 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
6.66
0.68
1.24
0.63
2.85
1.18
18.58
1.80
(9 FOLDS)
CUDEB
123
19.830
9.910
0.i00
1.00,0
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
124
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 19.830
B = 10,210
t =
0.100
d =
1,000
1. 22
0.80
6.84
0.75
1.28
0.46
2.82
1.32
19.10
1.91
(9 FOLOS)
7.02
0.81
1.32
0.30
2.80
1.46
19.64
224
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
125
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
7.19
0.85
1.37
0.14
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
2.76
1.60
20.20
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 19.830
B = 10.840
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
126
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
~ E B
L = 20.420
B =
9. 340
127
F0
F1
=
=
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
3.06
0.95
F6
=
18.88
128
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
C[]DEB
L = 19.830
B = 10.520
t =
0.I00
d =
1.000
t
d
=
=
0.100
1.000
TABLE
CgDEB
L = 20.420
B =
9. 620
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
(9
2.19
9.08
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
9.17
2.16
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.12
9.01
9.45
2.29
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
2.92
9.74
8.47
=
1.70
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.80
9.76
8.75
1.80
( 9 FOLDS)
7.35
0.88
1.44
0.02
2.73
1.75
20.78
(9 FOLDS)
6.74
0.56
1.25
0.93
(9 FOLDS)
6.95
0.66
1.27
0.75
3.04
I.i0
19.41
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUDEB 225
TABLE
L
=
CUDEB
20.420
(9 F O L D S }
129
F0
7.15
=
B =
9.910
F1 =
0.75
t
d
0.I00
1. 000
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
1.30
0.57
M2
M3
=
=
2.68
9.76
3.02
1.25
M4
M5
=
=
i.
F6
=
19.96
=
=
TABLE
CUDEB
9.04
91
(9 F O L D S )
130
L
=
20.420
F0
=
7.35
B
=
10.210
F1
=
0.82
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.35
M2
=
2.56
F3
F4
=
=
0.39
M3
M4
=
=
9.74
9.33
F5
=
M5
=
2.03
F6
=
1.40
20.53
M2
=
2.45
M3
M4
=
=
9.70
9.62
M5
=
2.16
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.36
9.63
9.93
2.29
d
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
I. 0 0 0
CUDEB
20.420
10.520
0.i00
1.000
CUDEB
20.420
10.840
0.i00
i. 0 0 0
131
2.99
(9
FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
7.55
0.88
1.40
F4
F5
=
=
2.96
1.55
F6
=
21.12
0.22
(9 F O L D S )
132
7.73
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
=
=
0.93
1.45
0.05
2.93
F5
=
1.70
F6
=
21.73
226
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
~ E B
L = 20.420
B = 11.170
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
133
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
TABLE
134
CUDEB
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
( 9 FOLDS)
7.90
0.95
1.52
0.12
2.89
1.86
22.35
2.30
9.55
10.24
2.43
M2
M3
=
=
3.14
10.41
M4
M5
=
=
9.18
1.80
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
3.01
10.42
9.48
1.91
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.88
i0.41
9.79
2.03
7.24
=
=
=
21. 030
9.620
0. 1 0 0
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
0.63
1.30
d
=
1.000
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
0.88
3.24
1.00
20.26
135
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
=
=
F6
=
136
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
=
=
F6
=
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 21.030
B = 10. 210
t =
0. 1 0 0
d =
1.000
=
=
=
=
( 9 FOLDS)
L
B
t
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 21.030
B =
9. 9 1 0
t =
0.100
d =
1.000
M2
M3
M4
M5
( 9 FOLDS)
7.47
0.74
1.33
0.69
3.22
1.16
20.84
( 9 FOLDS)
7.69
0.83
1.37
0.50
3.20
1.32
21.44
Design tablesforfoldedplates types CUDEB 227
TABLE
L
=
CUDEB
137
21.030
F0
(9
FOLDS)
7.91
=
B = 10.520
F1 =
0.90
t
d
F2
F3
=
=
1.42
0.31
M2
M3
=
=
2.75
i0.37
F4
=
3.17
F5
=
1.48
M4
M5
=
=
i0. i0
2.16
F6
=
22.06
M2
=
2.64
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
i0.31
i0.42
2.29
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
2.55
i0.22
i0.75
M5
=
2.43
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.49
I0.12
ii. 09
2.58
=
=
0.100
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 21.030
B = 10.840
t =
0.I00
d
=
i. 0 0 0
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 21.030
B = 11.170
t
d
=
=
0.i00
1.000
TABLE
CUDEB
L = 21.030
B = 11.510
t =
0.i00
d =
1.000
( 9 F9O L D S )
138
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
8.12
0.96
1.47
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
0.12
3.14
1.64
22.71
139
F0
F1
=
=
(9
FOLDS
8.31
i.01
F2
F3
=
=
1.54
O.O6
F4
F5
=
=
3.10
F6
=
140
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
1.81
23.37
)
(9 F O L D S )
8.49
1.03
1.62
0.23
3.06
1.97
24.05
This page intentionally left blank
Appendix 8. Design tables for folded
plates types CPDEB
TABLE CPDEB 1
( 9 FOLDS)
L
=
12.000
F0
=
0.47
B
t
=
=
5.490
0.i00
F1
F2
=
=
1.04
0.92
d
=
0.200
F3
=
1.11
F4
=
1.07
F5
F6
=
=
0.19
5.08
TABLE CPDEB 2
=
=
12.000
5.650
F0
F1
=
=
0.43
1.07
t
d
=
=
0.100
0.200
F2
F3
=
=
0.93
1.05
F4
F5
=
=
i. 04
0.24
F6
=
5.19
F0
F1
F2
F3
(9
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.39
1.09
0.95
0.98
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
3
12.000
5.820
0.i00
0.200
TABLE CPDEB 4
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
12.000
5.990
0.i00
0.200
See also Figs A7 and A8, p. 192
=
1.45
M3
M4
=
=
3.67
2.37
M5
=
0.59
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.49
3.81
2.46
0.62
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
1.54
3.95
2.56
M5
=
0.66
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.60
4.08
2.65
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
TABLE CPDEB
M2
i. 01
0.30
5.31
(9 FOLDS}
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
0.36
1.12
0.97
0.91
F4
F5
=
=
0.98
0.36
F6
=
5.44
0.70
230
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CPDEB
( 9 FOLDS)
5
0.31
L
=
12.000
FO
=
B
=
6.170
F1
=
1.15
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
i.00
M2
=
1.65
d
=
0.200
F3
=
0.84
M3
=
4.21
F4
=
0.95
M4
=
2.73
F5
F6
=
=
0.43
5.58
M5
=
0.74
TABLE
CPDEB
(9 FOLDS)
6
L
B
=
=
12.000
6. 3 6 0
F0
F1
=
=
0.27
1.19
t
=
0.100
F2
=
=
0.200
F3
F4
=
=
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
1.71
d
1.03
0.76
0.92
0.50
M5
=
0.79
M2
M3
=
=
M4
=
1.77
4.43
2.86
M5
=
0.84
F5
F6
TABLE
CPDEB
=
=
=
12.000
F0
=
B
=
6.550
F1
=
t
d
=
=
0.100
0.200
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
F5
=
F6
=
L
=
B
t
d
=
=
=
CPDEB
12.360
5. 6 5 0
0.100
0.200
2.80
5.73
(9 FOLDS)
7
L
TABLE
4.33
0.23
1.22
1.07
0.69
0.88
0.57
5.88
(9 FOLDS)
8
F0
=
0.50
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
0.94
1.13
M2
M3
=
=
1.51
3.89
F4
=
1.13
M4
=
2.54
F5
=
0.21
M5
=
0.62
F6
=
5.46
1.09
Design tablesfor folded plates types CPDEB 231
TABLE
CPDEB
(9 FOLDS)
9
L
=
12. 360
F0
=
0.46
B
t
d
=
=
=
5. 8 2 0
0.i00
0.200
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
i.ii
0.95
1.06
i.i0
0.27
5.58
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPDEB
12.3"60
5. 9 9 0
0.I00
0. 2 0 0
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPDEB
12.360
6. 1 7 0
0.i00
0.200
CPDEB
12.360
6. 3 6 0
0.I00
0.200
I0
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
1.56
=
=
4.04
2.65
=
0.66
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
i. 61
4.19
2.75
0.70
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
i. 67
4.33
2.84
0.74
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
i. 73
4.46
2.93
0.79
(9 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
0.42
1.14
0.97
0.99
1.07
0.33
5.71
(9 FOLDS)
11
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
12
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
0.38
1.17
I.00
0.92
1.03
0.40
5.85
(9 FOLDS)
0.33
1.21
1.03
0.84
I.00
0.47
6.01
232 Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
=
=
TABLE
L
=
B
t
=
=
d
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPDEB
13
(9 FOLDS)
F0
=
0.29
6. 5 5 0
F1
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
=
=
1.24
1.07
M2
=
0.77
M3
=
4.58
F4
=
M4
=
3.01
M5
=
0.84
12.360
CPDEB
F5
=
0.97
0.55
F6
=
6.16
14
1.79
(9 FOLDS)
F0
=
0.25
6. 7 5 0
0. i 0 0
F1
F2
=
=
1.11
M2
=
1.86
0.200
F3
F4
=
=
0.69
0.93
M3
M4
=
=
"4.69
3.07
F5
=
0.62
M5
=
0.89
F6
=
6.33
M2
M3
=
=
1.57
4.13
M4
M5
=
=
2.73
1.62
12.360
CPDEB
12.730
5. 8 2 0
0. i00
0.200
CPDEB
TABLE
L = 12.730
15
1.28
(9 FOLDS)
0.53
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
1.14
0.96
1.16
F4
=
1.19
F5
F6
=
=
0.23
16
0.66
5.87
(9 FOLDS)
F0
=
0.49
B
=
5. 9 9 0
F1
=
1.17
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
0.98
M2
=
d
=
0.200
F3
=
1.08
M3
=
4.28
F4
F5
=
=
I.16
M4
M5
=
=
2.85
0.70
F6
=
6.00
0.29
Design tablesforfoldedplates types CPDEB 233
TABLE
L
=
CPDEB
12. 730
17
( 9 FOLDS)
F0
=
0.44
B
=
6.170
F1
=
1.20
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
i.00
i.01
I. 13
0.36
F6
=
6.14
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPDEB
12. 730
6.360
0.100
0.200
TABLE
CPDEB
18
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
19
0.40
1.23
1.03
0.93
1.09
0.44
6.30
=
12. 730
F0
=
0.36
=
=
=
6.550
0.I00
0.200
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
=
1.26
1.07
0.85
i. 05
0.51
F6 =
6.46
=
=
=
=
CPDEB
12.730
6.750
0.100
0.200
20
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
i.
M2
=
1.74
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
4.59
3.06
0.79
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
1.80
4.72
3.15
0.84
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
i. 87
4.85
3.23
0.89
68
4.44
2.96
0.74
(9 FOLDS)
B
t
d
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
(9 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
L
TABLE
M2
M3
M4
M5
(9 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
0.31
1.30
1.11
0.76
i. 02
0.59
6.64
234
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
CPDEB
12.730
21
(9 FOLDS)
F0
=
6. 950
F1
=
1.34
=
0.100
F2
=
=
0.200
F3
=
1.16
0.68
M2
M3
=
=
1.94
4.95
F4
F5
=
=
0.98
M4
M5
=
=
3.30
F6
=
6.81
1.64
4.39
TABLE
CPDEB
22
0.27
0.68
0.94
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
13.110
6. 0 0 0
F0
F1
=
=
0.56
t
d
=
=
0.100
0.200
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
0.98
1.17
1.26
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
2.95
F5
=
0.26
M5
=
0.70
F6
=
6.31
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
CPDEB
13.110
23
1.19
(9 FOLDS)
F0
=
6. 1 8 0
F1
=
1.22
=
0.100
F2
=
I.00
M2
=
=
0.200
F3
=
1.10
M3
=
F4
=
1.22
M4
=
F5
F6
=
=
0.33
6.45
M5
=
1.70
4.55
3.07
0.74
1.76
TABLE
CPDEB
24
0.51
(9 FOLOS)
L
B
=
=
13.110
6.370
F0
F1
=
=
0.47
1.25
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.03
M2
=
d
=
0.200
F3
=
1.01
M3
=
4.72
F4
F5
=
=
1.18
0.40
M4
M5
=
=
3.19
0.79
F6
=
6.62
Design tablesforfoldedplates types CPDEB 235
TABLE
L
=
CPDEB
13.110
25
(9 FOLDS)
F0
=
0.42
1.29
B =
6.560
F1
=
t
d
0.100
0.200
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
1.07
0.93
1.15
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
1.82
4.87
3.29
F5
=
0.48
M5
=
0.84
F6
=
6.78
M2
=
1.89
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
5.01
3.39
0.89
M2
M3
=
=
1.96
5.13
M4
M5
=
=
3.48
0.94
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.04
5.24
3.55
=
=
TABLE
CPDEB
26
(9 FOLDS)
L
=
13.110
F0
=
0.37
B
t
d
=
=
=
6.760
0.100
0.200
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
1.33
i.ii
0.84
i.ii
0.56
TABLE
CPDEB
27
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
13.110
6.960
F0
F1
=
=
t
d
=
=
0.100
0.200
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
L =
B =
t =
d =
CPDEB
13.110
7.170
0.i00
0.200
28
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
6.96
0.33
1.37
1.16
0.76
1.07
0.65
7.15
(9 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
0.28
1.41
1.21
0.67
1.04
0.74
7.35
i.00
236
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
CPDEB
13.500
29
(9 FOLDS)
F0
=
6. 180
F1
=
1.25
=
0.i00
F2
=
i.00
M2
=
1.71
=
0. 200
F3
=
i .19
M3
=
4.65
F4
=
1.32
M4
=
3.17
F5
F6
=
=
0.29
6.78
M5
=
0.74
1.03
M2
=
1.77
M3
M4
=
=
3.31
M5
=
0.79
1.02
M2
M3
=
=
1.83
5.00
TABLE
CPDEB
30
0.59
(9 FOLDS)
0.54
1.28
L
B
t
=
=
=
13.500
6. 3 7 0
0.i00
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
d
=
0. 200
F3
=
F4
=
i.ii
1.29
F5
=
0.36
F6
=
6.94
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPDEB
13.500
6. 5 6 0
0.i00
0.200
TABLE
CPDEB
31
(9
4.83
FOLDS)
0.49
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
F4
=
1.25
M4
=
3.43
F5
=
M5
=
0.84
F6
=
0.44
7.11
32
1.31
1.06
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
13.500
6. 7 6 0
F0
F1
=
=
0.44
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
i .ii
M2
=
1.90
d
=
0. 2 0 0
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
0.93
M3
=
5.16
1.21
0.53
M4
M5
=
=
3.54
0.89
F6
=
7.29
1.35
Design tablesforfoldedplates types CPDEB 237
TABLE
CPDEB
33
(9 FOLDS)
L = 13.500
F0 =
B
t
=
=
6. 960
0.I00
F1
F2
=
=
d
=
0.200
F3
F4
=
=
TABLE
CPDEB
F5
=
F6
=
34
0.40
1.39
1.15
0.85
M2
M3
=
=
i. 98
5.30
1.17
M4
=
3.64
0.61
7.49
M5
=
0.94
=
=
=
2.05
5.43
3.74
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
13.500
7.170
F0
F1
=
=
0.35
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
d
=
0.200
F3
F4
=
=
1.20
 0 97 5
1.13
M2
M3
M4
F5
=
0.70
M5
=
i.00
F6
=
7.69
M2
=
2.14
M3
M4
=
=
5.54
3.82
M5
=
1.06
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
i. 78
4.94
3.41
0.79
TABLE
L
=
B
t
d
=
=
=
CPDEB
13.500
7. 3 9 0
0. 100
0.200
35
CPDEB
(9 FOLDS)
F0
=
0.30
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
=
1.48
1.26
0.66
1.09
0.80
=
7.91
F6
TABLE
1.43
36
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
13.910
6. 3 6 0
F0
F1
=
=
t
=
0.100
F2
=
d
=
0.200
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
0.62
1.30
1.03
1.22
1.40
0.31
7.28
238
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CPDEB
37
(9 FOLDS)
0.57
L
=
13.910
F0
=
B
=
6.550
F1
=
1.34
t
d
=
=
0.100
0.200
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
1.06
1.13
1.36
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
F5
=
0.39
M5
=
5.12
3.55
0.84
F6
=
7.45
1.91
TABLE
CPDEB
38
1.84
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
13.910
6.750
F0
F1
=
=
0.52
1.37
t
=
0.I00
F2
=
1.10
M2
=
d
=
0.200
F3
=
1.04
M3
=
5.30
F4
=
1.32
M4
=
3.69
F5
F6
=
=
0.48
7.64
M5
=
0.89
1.99
TABLE
CPDEB
39
(9 FOLDS)
0.47
L
B
t
=
=
=
13.910
6. 9 5 0
0. 100
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
1.41
1.14
M2
=
d
=
0. 200
F3
=
0.95
M3
=
5.46
F4
=
1.28
M4
=
3.81
F5
=
0.56
M5
=
0.94
F6
=
M2
=
2.06
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
3.92
1.00
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
=
=
CPDEB
13.910
40
7.84
(9 FOLDS)
0.42
F0
=
7. 160
F1
=
1.46
0. I00
0. 2 0 0
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
1.19
0.85
F5
=
1.24
0.66
F6
=
8.05
5.61
Design rabiesf orfolded plates types CPDEB 239
TABLE
CPDEB
L = 13.910
41
(9 FOLDS)
F0 =
0.38
B
=
7.370
F1
=
1.50
t
=
0.100
F2
=
1.25
M2
=
d
=
0.200
F3
F4
=
=
0.75
M3
=
5.74
1.20
M4
=
4.01
F5
F6
=
=
0.75
8.27
M5
=
1.06
(9
FOLDS
TABLE
CPDEB
42
2.14
)
L
B
=
=
13.910
7.590
F0
F1
=
=
0.33
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
=
=
1.31
0.65
M2
M3
=
=
2.23
5.85
F4
F5
=
=
1.16
0.85
M4
=
4. i0
M5
=
i. 12
F6
=
8.50
TABLE
CPDEB
43
1.54
(9 FOLDS)
L
=
14.330
F0
=
B
=
6.560
F1
=
1.36
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.05
M2
=
i. 86
d
=
0.200
F3
=
1.23
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
1.48
M3
M4
=
=
5.25
3.69
M5
=
0.84
1.93
TABLE
CPDEB
44
L
B
=
=
14.330
6.760
F0
F1
t
=
0.i00
d
=
0.200
0.65
0.34
7.83
(9 FOLDS)
=
=
0.60
1.40
F2
=
1.09
M2
=
F3
=
1.14
M3
=
5.45
F4
=
1.44
F5
F6
=
=
0.43
8.03
M4
M5
=
=
3.84
0.89
240 Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
CPDEB
14.330
45
( 9 FOLDS)
0.55
F0
=
6. 9 6 0
F1
=
1.44
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.13
M2
=
=
0. 2 0 0
F3
=
1.04
M3
=
5.63
F4
F5
=
=
1.39
0.52
M4
M5
=
=
3.98
0.94
F6
=
8.23
TABLE
CPDEB
46
2.00
(9 FOLDS )
L
=
14.330
F0
=
0.50
B
t
=
=
7.170
0.i00
F1
F2
=
=
1.19
M2
=
2.08
d
=
0.200
F3
=
0.94
M3
=
5.80
F4
=
1.35
M4
=
4.11
F5
=
0.62
M5
=
i.00
F6
=
8.44
M2
M3
=
=
2.16
5.95
M4
=
M5
=
4.22
1.06
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
2.25
M5
=
1.13
TABLE
CPDEB
47
1.48
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
14.330
7. 3 9 0
F0
F1
=
=
0.45
1.53
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
=
=
1.24
F4
F5
=
=
1.31
0.72
F6
=
8.68
TABLE
L
=
B
t
=
=
d
=
CPDEB
14.330
48
0.84
(9 FOLDS)
0.39
F0
=
7. 6 1 0
0.I00
F1
F2
=
=
0.200
F3
F4
=
=
1.31
0.73
1.27
F5
=
0.82
F6
=
8.92
1.58
6.08
4.33
Design tablesf or folded plates types CPDEB 241
TABLE
L
=
CPDEB
14. 330
49
(9 FOLDS)
F0
=
0.35
B
=
7.840
F1
=
1.62
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
=
=
1.37
M2
=
0.63
M3
=
6.20
F4
=
1.23
M4
=
4.42
F5
=
0.93
M5
=
i. 2 0
F6
=
9.18
TABLE
CPDEB
50
(9
2.35
FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
14.760
6. 7 5 0
F0
F1
=
=
0.69
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.08
M2
=
i. 94
d
=
0.200
F3
F4
=
=
1.25
M3
=
5.57
F5
=
1.56
0.37
M4
M5
=
=
3.97
0.89
F6
=
8.41
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
=
=
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
=
=
CPDEB
14.760
51
1.43
(9 FOLDS)
F0
=
6. 9 5 0
F1
=
0.i00
0. 200
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
1.12
i .16
1.52
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
2.01
5.77
4.13
F5
F6
=
=
0.46
M5
=
0.94
M2
M3
=
=
2.09
5.96
M4
M5
=
=
4.28
i. 00
CPDEB
52
0.64
1.47
8.61
(9 FOLDS)
F0
=
0.58
7. 160
F1
=
0.i00
0. 200
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
1.51
1.17
F6
=
14.760
1.05
1.47
0.56
8.84
242
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
CPDEB
14.760
53
(9 FOLDS)
0.53
F0
=
7. 3 7 0
F1
=
1.55
=
0.I00
F2
=
1.22
M2
=
2.17
=
0.200
F3
=
0.95
=
1.43
=
=
6.13
F4
M3
M4
F5
F6
=
=
0.66
M5
=
1.06
TABLE
CPDEB
54
4.41
9.07
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
14.760
7. 5 9 0
F0
F1
=
=
0.48
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.29
M2
=
2.26
d
=
0.200
F3
F4
=
=
0.84
M3
=
1.39
M4
=
6.29
4.54
F5
=
0.77
M5
=
1.12
F6
=
9.31
=
=
=
2.35
6.43
TABLE
CPDEB
55
1.60
(9 FOLDS)
0.42
L
B
=
=
14.760
7. 820
F0
F1
=
=
t
d
=
=
0.I00
0.200
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
1.34
M2
M3
M4
F5
=
0.88
M5
=
1.19
F6
=
9.58
TABLE
CPDEB
56
1.65
1.36
0.73
4.65
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
14.760
8. 050
F0
F1
=
=
0.37
1.70
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.43
M2
=
2.45
d
=
0.200
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
0.62
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
6.54
4.74
1.26
F6
=
9.85
1.30
0.99
Design tablesfor folded plates types CPDEB 243
TABLE
CPDEB
57
(9 FOLDS)
L
=
15.200
F0
=
0.73
B
t
=
=
6.950
0.i00
F1
F2
=
=
1.49
i.i0
d
=
0.200
TABLE
CPDEB
M2
=
2.02
=
=
5.92
4.27
F3
F4
=
=
1.65
M3
M4
F5
=
0.40
M5
=
0.94
F6
=
9.03
2. i0
58
1.27
(9 FOLDS)
0.67
L
=
15.200
F0
=
B
=
7.160
F1
=
1.54
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.15
M2
=
d
=
0.200
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
1.16
M3
=
6.13
1.60
0.50
M4
M5
=
=
4.45
i.00
F6
=
9.26
2.18
TABLE
CPDEB
59
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
15.200
7.370
F0
F1
=
=
0.61
1.58
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.21
M2
=
d
=
0.200
F3
=
1.06
M3
=
6.32
F4
=
1.56
M4
=
4.60
F5
F6
=
=
0.60
9.49
M5
=
1.06
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
2.27
6.50
4.75
M5
=
i. 12
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPDEB
15.200
7. 5 9 0
0.i00
O. 200
60
(9 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
=
=
F5
F6
=
=
0.56
1.63
1.27
0.95
1.51
0.71
9.75
244
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CPDEB
61
(9 FOLDS)
L
=
15.200
F0
=
0.50
B
t
=
=
7.820
0.i00
F1
F2
=
=
1.34
M2
=
2.36
d
=
0.200
F3
=
0.83
M3
=
6.66
F4
=
1.46
M4
=
4.88
F5
=
0.83
M5
=
1.19
F6
=
10.02
TABLE
CPDEB
62
1.68
(9 FOLDS)
0.45
L
=
15.200
F0
=
B
=
8.050
F1
=
1.73
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
=
=
1.41
0.71
M2
M3
=
=
2.46
F4
F5
=
=
1.42
0.94
M4
=
M5
=
5.00
1.26
F6
=
10.30
(9
FOLDS)
TABLE
CPDEB
63
6.80
0.40
L
=
15.200
F0
=
B
=
8.290
F1
=
1.78
t
d
=
=
0.I00
0.200
F2
F3
=
=
1.49
0.59
M2
M3
=
=
F4
=
1.38
M4
=
2.57
6.91
5.10
F5
=
1.06
M5
=
1.34
F6
=
10.60
M2
=
2.11
TABLE
L
=
B
=
CPDEB
15.660
7. 1 6 0
t
=
0.i00
d
=
0. 200
64
(9 FOLDS)
0.76
F0
=
F1
=
1.56
=
1.13
F3
=
1.28
M3
=
6.29
F4
=
M4
M5
=
=
4.61
i.00
F2
F5
=
1.75
0.44
F6
=
9.71
Design tablesfor folded plates types CPDEB 245
TABLE
CPDEB
65
(9
FOLDS)
L
=
15.660
F0
=
0.70
B
t
d
=
=
=
7.370
0.i00
0.200
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
=
1.61
i .19
1.17
1.70
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
2.19
6.51
4.79
0.54
M5
=
1.06
F6
=
9.94
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.28
6.71
4.96
1.32
0.94
M2
M3
=
=
2.37
6.90
1.60
M4
M5
=
=
5.12
1.19
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.47
7.06
5.26
i. 26
TABLE
CPDEB
66
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
15.660
7.590
F0
F1
=
=
0.65
1.66
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
1.25
i.06
1.65
0.65
F6
=
10.21
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
15.660
7.820
0.i00
0.200
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPDEB
CPDEB
15.660
8. 0 5 0
0.i00
0. 200
67
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
68
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
I. 1 2
(9 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
0.59
1.71
0.77
10.49
(9 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
0.53
1.76
1.40
0.82
1.55
0.89
10.78
246
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CPDEB
69
(9 FOLDS)
0.48
L
=
15.660
F0
=
B
=
8.290
F1
=
1.82
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
=
=
1.48
0.69
M2
M3
=
=
2.58
7.19
F4
F5
=
=
1.51
M4
=
5.38
M5
=
1.34
F6
=
i.01
11.09
2.69
TABLE
CPDEB
70
(9 FOLDS)
L
=
15.660
F0
=
0.42
B
t
=
=
8.540
0.I00
F1
F2
=
=
1.87
1.56
M2
=
d
=
0.200
F3
=
0.57
M3
=
7.30
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
1.46
M4
M5
=
=
5.49
TABLE
CPDEB
71
1.14
11.42
1.42
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
16.130
7.380
F0
F1
=
=
0.80
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
=
=
1.16
1.29
M2
M3
=
=
2.20
6.69
F4
=
1.84
M4
=
4.98
F5
=
0.47
M5
=
i.06
F6
=
10.43
F0
(9
=
FOLDS
0.74
TABLE
CPDEB
16.130
72
1.64
)
L
=
B
t
=
=
7. 6 0 0
0.i00
F1
F2
=
=
1.23
M2
=
2.29
d
=
0.200
F3
F4
=
=
1.18
1.79
M3
M4
=
=
6.92
5.17
F5
=
0.59
M5
=
1.13
F6
=
10.70
1.69
Design tablesforfolded plates types CPDEB
TABLE
L
=
CPDEB
16.130
73
(9 FOLDS)
F0
=
B =
7.830
F1
=
t
d
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPDEB
74
L
B
=
=
16.130
8.060
F0
F1
t
=
0.i00
d
=
0.200
TABLE
CPDEB
0.68
1.74
1.30
1.05
1.74
0.71
10.99
0.62
1.79
F2
=
1.37
F3
=
0.93
F4
F5
=
=
1.69
0.83
F6
=
11.29
L
B
=
=
16.130
8.300
F0
F1
(9
=
=
FOLDS)
0.56
1.85
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
=
=
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
1.46
0.80
1.64
0.96
11.61
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPDEB
16.130
8.550
0.i00
0.200
76
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
2.39
7.13
5.36
I. 20
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.48
7.32
5.52
I. 27
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
2.59
7.48
5.67
M5
=
i. 34
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.70
7.61
5.80
1.43
(9 FOLDS)
=
=
75
M2
M3
M4
M5
"
(9 FOLDS)
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
0.50
1.91
1.55
0.66
i .59
1.09
11.95
247
248
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CPDEB
77
(9 FOLDS)
=
=
16.130
8.810
F0
F1
=
=
0.45
1.97
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.64
M2
=
d
=
0.200
F3
F4
=
=
0.53
M3
=
7.72
M4
M5
=
=
5.92
1.51
L
B
TABLE
CPDEB
F5
=
1.55
1.22
F6
=
12.31
(9
FOLDS)
78
2.83
0.84
L
=
16.610
F0
=
B
=
7.600
F1
=
1.72
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
1.20
1.30
M2
M3
=
=
2.30
7 .ii
=
M4
M5
=
=
5.37
F5
1.95
0.51
F6
=
11.20
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
TABLE
CPDEB
79
1.13
(9 FOLDS)
0.77
L
=
16.610
F0
=
B
=
7.830
F1
=
1.77
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
1.27
1.18
1.89
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
2.39
7.35
F5
=
0.63
M5
=
1.20
F6
=
11.49
TABLE
L
=
B
t
=
=
d
=
CPDEB
80
5.58
(9 FOLDS)
F0
=
0.71
8. 0 6 0
0.i00
F1
F2
=
=
1.34
M2
=
2.49
0. 2 0 0
F3
F4
=
=
1.05
1.84
M3
M4
=
=
5.77
F5
=
0.76
M5
=
1.27
F6
=
11.80
16.610
1.82
7.56
Design tablesforfoldedplates types CPDEB 249
TABLE
L
=
CPDEB
16.610
81
F0
(9 FOLDS)
=
0.65
1.88
B =
8.300
F1 =
t
d
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
=
=
1.43
0.91
M2
M3
=
=
2.60
7.75
=
=
TABLE
CPDEB
F4
=
1.79
M4
=
5.94
F5
=
0.89
M5
=
i. 34
F6
=
12.13
(9
FOLDS)
2.71
82
0.59
L
=
16.610
F0
=
B
=
8.550
F1
=
1.94
t
d
=
=
0.I00
0.200
F2
F3
=
=
1.52
M2
=
0.77
M3
=
7.92
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
1.74
1.03
12.49
M4
M5
=
=
6. i0
1.43
TABLE
CPDEB
83
(9 FOLDS)
0.53
L
=
16.610
F0
=
B
=
8.810
F1
=
2.00
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.62
M2
=
2.84
d
=
0.200
F3
F4
=
=
0.63
1.69
M3
M4
=
=
8.05
6.25
F5
=
1.17
M5
=
i. 51
F6
=
12.86
2.06
1.72
M2
=
2.96
M3
M4
=
=
8.15
6.37
M5
=
i. 60
TABLE
CPDEB
84
( 9 FOLDS)
0.48
L
B
t
=
=
=
16.610
9.070
0.I00
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
d
=
0.200
F3
=
F4
=
0.49
1.64
F5
F6
=
=
1.31
13.24
250
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPDEB
17.110
7.830
0.i00
0.200
CPDEB
17.110
8.060
0.I00
0.200
CPDEB
85
(9 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
F4
F5
=
=
1.23
1.31
2.06
0.55
F6
=
12.03
86
=
=
=
=
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
17.110
8. 3 0 0
F0
F1
=
=
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
F5
F6
=
=
CPDEB
88
=
=
2.40
7.57
M4
M5
=
=
5.80
1.20
0.81
1.85
1.31
1.18
2.01
0.67
12.35
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.50
7.80
6. Ol
1.27
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.61
8.03
6.22
1.34
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.72
8.22
6.41
(9 FOLDS )
L
B
TABLE
M2
M3
(9 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
87
0.88
1.80
0.75
1.91
1.39
1.04
1.95
0.81
12.69
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
t
=
=
=
17.110
8. 5 5 0
0.i00
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
0.68
1.97
1.49
d
=
0.200
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
0.89
I .89
0.95
13.05
1.43
Design tablesfor folded plates types CPDEB 251
TABLE
L =
B =
t
d
CPDEB
89
(9 FOLDS)
0.62
=
17.110
F0
8.810
0.100
0.200
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
F6
=
=
=
TABLE
CPDEB
90
=
=
=
=
2.04
1.59
O.75
1.84
i.i0
17.110
F0
=
0.56
B
t
d
=
=
=
9.070
0.i00
0.200
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
1.70
0.60
1.79
1.25
13.84
91
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
=
=
F5
F6
=
=
92
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
=
=
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPDEB
17.110
9.340
0.i00
0.200
CPDEB
17.620
8.060
0.i00
0.200
2.84
=
=
=
6.58
I. 51
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.97
8.52
6.73
1.60
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
3. ii
8.61
6.86
i. 70
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
2.51
8.04
6.25
M5
=
i. 27
8.39
( 9 FOLDS)
=
L
B
t
d
=
M3
M4
M5
13.44
L
TABLE
M2
(9
(9
2.10
FOLDS
0.51
2.17
1.80
0.45
1.74
1.40
14.26
FOLDS)
0.92
1.88
1.27
1.32
2.18
0.58
12.91
)
252
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
=
=
TABLE
CPDEB
17.620
93
(9 FOLDS)
0.85
F0
=
8. 300
F1
=
1.94
0.100
0. 200
F2
F3
=
=
1.35
1.17
M2
=
M3
=
8.29
F4
=
2.12
M4
=
6.48
F5
=
0.72
M5
=
1.34
F6
=
13.26
CPDEB
94
2.61
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
17.620
8. 550
F0
F1
=
=
0.78
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
=
=
1.45
1.02
M2
M3
=
=
2.73
8.52
F4
F5
=
=
2.06
0.87
M4
M5
=
=
6.70
1.43
F6
=
13.63
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
=
=
TABLE
CPDEB
17.620
95
2.01
(9 FOLDS)
0.71
FO
=
8. 810
F1
=
2.07
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
1.56
0.87
2.01
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
2.85
8.72
6.90
F5
=
1.02
M5
=
1.51
F6
=
14.04
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.98
CPDEB
17.620
96
(9 FOLDS)
0.65
L
=
F0
=
B
=
9. 070
F1
=
2.14
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
=
=
1.66
0.71
F4
=
1.95
F5
F6
=
=
1.18
14.45
8.88
7.08
1.60
Design tablesforfolded plates types CPDEB 253
TABLE
L
=
CPDEB
17.620
97
( 9 FOLDS)
F0
=
0.59
2.21
B
=
9.340
F1
=
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.78
M2
=
d
=
0.200
F3
=
0.56
M3
=
9.00
F4
=
1.90
M4
=
7.24
F5
=
1.33
M5
=
i. 70
F6
=
14.88
=
3.26
TABLE
CPDEB
98
3.12
(9 FOLDS)
F0
=
0.54
9. 620
F1
=
2.27
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.89
M2
=
0.200
F3
F4
=
=
0.40
M3
=
9.09
1.85
M4
=
7.39
F5
=
1.49
M5
=
i. 80
F6
=
15.34
L
=
B
=
t
d
17.620
TABLE
CPDEB
99
(9 FOLDS)
L
B
=
=
18.150
8.300
F0
F1
=
=
0.96
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
=
=
1.31
1.32
M2
M3
=
=
2.62
8.54
F4
=
2.31
M4
=
6.74
F5
=
0.62
M5
=
i. 34
F6
=
13.87
2.73
TABLE
CPDEB
1.97
( 9 FOLDS)
i00
L
=
18.150
F0
=
0.89
B
t
=
=
8.550
0.i00
F1
F2
=
=
2.04
1.40
M2
=
d
=
0.200
F3
=
1.17
M3
=
8.81
F4
F5
=
=
2.25
0.77
M4
=
6.99
M5
=
1.43
F6
=
14.25
254
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CPDEB
(9 FOLDS)
i01
L
B
=
=
18.150
8. 810
F0
F1
=
=
0.82
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.51
M2
=
d
=
0.200
F3
=
i.00
M3
=
9.04
F4
=
2.19
M4
=
7.23
F5
=
0.93
M5
=
1.51
F6
=
14.66
TABLE
CPDEB
2.11
2.86
(9 FOLDS)
i02
0.75
L
=
18.150
F0
=
B
=
9.070
F1
=
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.62
M2
=
2.98
d
=
0. 200
F3
F4
=
=
0.84
2.13
M3
M4
=
=
9.24
7.44
F5
=
1.09
M5
=
1.60
F6
=
15.09
M2
M3
=
=
3.12
9.40
M4
=
7.63
M5
=
1.70
3.27
9.52
7.sl
1.80
TABLE
CPDEB
2.17
(9 FOLDS)
103
L
=
F0
=
B
=
9. 340
F1
=
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0. 200
F2
F3
=
=
F4
=
F5
=
0.69
2.25
1.74
0.68
2.07
1.26
F6
=
15.54
18.150
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
CPDEB
18.150
(9 FOLDS)
104
F0
=
9. 6 2 0
F1
=
=
0.100
F2
=
=
0.200
F3
=
F4
F5
=
=
F6
=
0.63
2.32
1.87
0.51
2.01
1.42
16,02
M2
=
M3
M4
=
=
M5
=
Design tablesfor folded plates types CPDEB 255
TABLE
L
=
B
t
d
=
=
=
18.150
9.910
0.I00
0. 200
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
=
=
CPDEB
CPDEB
F0
=
0.57
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
=
2.39
1.99
0.34
1.96
1.59
F6
=
16.52
=
1.00
8. 550
F1
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
2.07
1.35
1.31
2.44
CPDEB
=
=
18.690
8. 810
F0
F1
=
=
t
d
=
=
0.100
0.200
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
CPDEB
=
=
=
=
3.43
9.60
7.96
I. 91
M2
M3
=
=
2.74
9.09
0.67
M4
M5
=
=
7.28
1.43
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.86
9.36
7.55
1.51
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.99
9.59
7.79
i. 6 0
14.89
(9 FOLDS)
107
L
B
TABLE
M2
M3
M4
M5
(9 FOLDS)
106
F0
18.690
TABLE
(9 FOLDS)
105
0.93
2.14
1.46
1.15
2.38
0.83
15.31
(9 FOLDS)
108
L
B
t
=
=
=
18.690
9. 070
0. I00
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
d
=
0.200
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
F6
=
0.86
2.21
1.57
0.98
2.3J
0.9~
15.75
256
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CPDEB
(9
109
L
B
=
=
18.690
9. 3 4 0
F0
F1
=
=
t
=
0.100
F2
=
d
=
0.200
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPDEB
L = 18.690
B =
9. 6 2 0
t =
0.100
d =
0.200
110
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
111
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPDEB
18.690
9. 9 1 0
0.100
0.200
CPDEB
18.690
10.210
0. i00
0.200
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
}
1.70
0.81
2.25
1.16
M2
=
3.13
M3
M4
M5
=
=
9.79
8.02
=
1.70
/
16.21
(9 FOLDS)
0.72
2.36
1.83
0.63
2.19
1.34
16.71
(9
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
3.27
9.95
8.22
i. 80
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
3.43
10.06
8.41
i. 91
0.27
M2
M3
=
=
3.60
i0.13
2.09
M4
=
8.58
1.70
17.78
M5
=
2.03
FOLDS
0.66
2.43
)
1.96
0.45
2.14
1.52
17.24
(9 FOLDS)
I12
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
FOT.nS
0.79
2.28
=
=
=
=
=
F5
=
F6
=
0.60
2.51
2.10
Design tablesforfoldedplates types CPDEB 257
TABLE
L
=
CPDEB
19. 250
(9 FOLDS)
I13
F0
=
1.04
B
=
8. 8 1 0
F1
=
2.17
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
1.40
1.31
2.59
0.71
15.99
TABLE
CPDEB
=
=
19.250
9. 0 7 0
F0
F1
=
=
0.97
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
1.51
1.13
2.52
0.88
16.44
CPDEB
I15
=
=
=
19.250
9. 340
0. i00
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
d
=
0. 200
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
F6
=
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPDEB
19.250
9. 6 2 0
0.i00
0.200
2.87
9.67
7.86
M5
=
1.51
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
2.99
9.94
8.14
i. 60
M2
=
3.13
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
I0.17
8.40
i. 70
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
3.28
i0.37
8.64
i. 80
2.24
(9
L
B
t
TABLE
=
=
=
(9 FOLDS)
114
L
B
TABLE
M2
M3
M4
FOLDS
O.90
2.32
1.64
)
0.95
2.45
1.05
16.92
(9 FOLDS)
116
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
O.83
2.40
1.78
0.77
2.39
1.24
17.43
258
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
CPDEB
19.250
(9 FOLDS)
117
0.76
2.48
F0
=
9. 9 1 0
F1
=
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.92
M2
=
3.43
=
0. 200
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
0.58
M3
=
i0.53
2.33
1.43
M4
=
8.86
M5
=
I. 91
F6
=
17.98
M2
=
3.60
M3
M4
=
=
i0.64
9.07
M5
=
2.03
TABLE
CPDEB
(9 FOLDS)
118
F5
=
0.70
2.56
2.06
0.39
2.27
1.62
F6
=
18.55
L
=
19.250
F0
=
B
=
10.210
F1
=
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
d
=
0.200
F3
F4
=
=
TABLE
CPDEB
(9 FOLDS)
119
L
=
19.250
F0
=
0.64
B
t
=
=
10.520
0.i00
F1
F2
=
=
2.21
M2
=
3.79
0.19
M3
=
i0.69
2.22
M4
=
9.25
M5
=
2.16
d
=
TABLE
0.200
CPDEB
F3
F4
=
=
2.64
F5
=
1.81
F6
=
19.15
(9 FOLDS)
120
L
B
=
=
19.830
9. 070
F0
F1
=
=
1.09
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
1.45
d
=
0.200
F3
=
1.30
M2
M3
=
=
3.00
10.28
F4
=
2.74
M4
=
8.48
F5
=
0.75
M5
=
1.60
F6
=
17.17
2.27
Design tablesfor folded plates types CPDEB 259
TABLE
CPDEB
L
=
19.830
B
=
9. 340
t
=
0.I00
d
=
0.200
TABLE
CPDEB
(9 FOLDS)
121
F0
=
1.01
F1
=
2.35
F2
=
1.57
M2
=
3.13
F3
=
i.ii
M3
=
i0.55
F4
=
2.67
M4
=
8.78
F5
=
0.93
M5
=
i. 7 0
F6
=
17.66
122
( 9 FOLDS)
0.94
2.43
L
=
19.830
F0
=
B
t
=
=
9.620
0.I00
F1
F2
=
=
1.71
M2
=
3.28
d
=
0.200
F3
=
0.92
M3
=
i0.80
TABLE
CPDEB
F4
=
2.60
M4
=
9.06
F5
=
M5
=
1.80
F6
=
1.12
18.19
(9 FOLDS)
123
O.87
L
=
19.830
F0
=
B
=
9.910
F1
=
2.52
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
M2
=
3.44
d
=
0.200
F3
=
1.86
0.72
M3
=
i0.99
F4
F5
=
=
2.54
1.32
M4
M5
=
=
9.32
1.91
F6
=
18.75
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
3.61
ii. 14
9.56
M5
=
2.03
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPDEB
19.830
10.210
0.i00
0.200
( 9 FOLDS )
124
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
0.80
2.60
2.02
0.52
2.47
1.52
19.35
260
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
CPDEB
19.830
10.520
0.100
0. 2 0 0
TABLE
CPDEB
(9 FOLDS)
125
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
F4
F5
F6
=
0.74
2.69
2.17
0.31
M2
M3
=
=
3.79
ii. 24
=
2.41
M4
=
9.78
=
1.72
19.97
M5
=
2.16
(9 FOLDS)
126
L
=
19.830
F0
=
B
=
10.840
F1
=
2.77
t
=
0.100
F2
=
2.33
M2
=
3.98
d
=
0. 2 0 0
F3
F4
=
=
0. ii
2.36
M3
M4
=
=
ii. 28
9.98
F5
=
1.92
M5
=
2.29
F6
=
20.62
3.14
10.92
TABLE
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
TABLE
L
=
B
=
t
d
CPDEB
20.420
9. 3 4 0
0.I00
0.200
CPDEB
20.420
0.68
(9 FOLDS)
127
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
1.14
2.38
1.50
1.28
M2
M3
=
=
F4
F5
=
=
2.90
0.79
M4
M5
=
=
F6
=
18.42
9.15
i. 70
(9 FOLDS)
128
F0
=
9. 6 2 0
F1
=
1.06
2.47
=
0.100
F2
=
1.64
M2
=
3.28
=
0. 2 0 0
F3
=
1.08
M3
=
11.21
F4
F5
=
=
2.83
0.99
M4
=
9.47
M5
=
i. 8 0
F6
=
18.96
Design tablesfor folded plates types CPDEB 261
TABLE
L
=
CPDEB
20.420
B =
9. 910
(9 FOLDS)
129
F0
O.98
=
2.55
F1 =
t
=
0. i 0 0
F2
=
1.79
d
=
0.200
F3
F4
=
=
F5
F6
=
=
0.87
2.76
1.19
19.54
TABLE
CPDEB
M2
=
3.44
M3
M4
=
=
ii. 45
9.77
M5
=
1.91
(9 FOLDS)
130
0.91
L
=
20.420
F0
=
B
=
10.210
F1
=
2.64
t
d
=
=
0.i00
0.200
F2
F3
F4
F5
=
=
=
=
1.96
0.66
M2
M3
=
=
3.61
Ii. 65
M4
=
I0.05
M5
=
2.03
F6
=
2.69
1.40
20.16
TABLE
CPDEB
(9
131
FOLDS)
L
=
20.420
F0
=
0.84
B
t
=
=
10.520
0.I00
F1
F2
=
=
2.12
M2
=
d
=
0.200
F3
=
0.45
M3
=
Ii.
F4
=
2.63
M4
=
i0.31
F5
=
1.62
M5
=
2.16
F6
=
20.81
TABLE
L
B
=
=
t
d
=
=
CPDEB
20.420
10.840
0. i 0 0
0.200
2.74
"3.79
79
( 9 FOLDS)
132
F0
F1
=
=
0.78
2.83
F2
F3
=
=
F4
F5
=
=
2.29
0.23
2.56
M2
M3
M4
=
=
=
3.98
ii. 87
iO. 54
1.83
M5
=
2.29
F6
=
21.49
262
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CPDEB
L = 20. 420
B = 11.170
t =
0.i00
d =
0.200
133
F0
FI
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
(9
TABLE
CPDEB
L = 21.030
B =
9.620
t =
0.i00
d =
0.200
134
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPDEB
L = 21.030
B =
9.910
t =
0.100
d =
0.200
135
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
CPDEB
L = 21.030
B = 10.210
t =
0.I00
d =
0.200
136
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
(9
(9
(9
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
0.72
2.91
2.46
0.01
2.51
2. O4
22.20
FOT.nS)
1.18
2.50
1.56
1.26
3.08
0.84
19.78
FOLDS
i. I 0
2.59
1.72
1.04
3.00
1.05
20.37
FOLDS)
i. 0 2
2.68
1.88
0.82
2.93
l. 27
21.00
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
4.19
ii. 90
10.76
2.43
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
3.28
11.61
9.87
i. 80
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
3.44
11.90
I0.22
1.91
M2
M3
M4
M5
=
=
=
=
3.61
12.15
i0.54
2.03
)
Design tablesforfoldedplates types CPDEB 263
TABLE
CPDEB
( 9 FOLDS)
137
L
=
21. 030
F0
=
0.95
B
t
=
=
10.520
0.I00
F1
F2
=
=
2.06
M2
=
3.79
d
=
F3
=
0.60
M3
=
12.34
F4
F5
F6
=
=
=
2.86
1.49
M4
M5
=10.84
=
2.16
0. 2 0 0
TABLE
CPDEB
2.78
21.68
(9 FOLDS)
138
0.88
L
=
21.030
F0
=
B
=
10.840
F1
=
2.88
t
=
0.i00
F2
=
2.24
M2
=
3.98
d
=
0.200
F3
F4
=
=
0.37
2.79
M3
=
12.47
M4
=
ii. 12
F5
=
1.72
M5
=
2.29
F6
=
22.39
M2
M3
=
=
4.19
12.53
TABLE
CPDEB
(9 FOLDS)
139
0.82
L
=
21.030
FO
=
B
t
d
=
=
=
11.170
0.i00
O.2OO
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
2.97
2.42
0.13
F4
=
2.73
M4
=
ii. 37
F5
=
1.94
M5
=
2.43
F6
=
23.13
M2
M3
=
=
4.41
12.54
M4
=
ii. 60
M5
=
2.58
TABLE CPDEB
L
B
t
d
=
=
=
=
21.030
11.510
0.i00
10.200
(9 FOLDS)
140
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
=
=
=
=
=
F5
=
F6
=
0.76
3.06
2.60
0.10
2,67
2.17
23.90
264
Fig. A9
1.9m
4
I
 I 
Fig. A10

Appendix 9. Design tables for folded
plates types UEC
TABLE
UEC
L = 18.000
B =
8.240
t =
0.120
1
(3
F0
F1
F2
FOLDS)
=
6.66
=
5.69
=
5.24
M1
M2
=
=
8.62
8.58
TABLE
UEC
2
L = 18.000
B =
8.490
t =
0.120
(3
F0
F1
F2
FOLDS)
=
6.69
=
5.58
=
5.09
M1
M2
=
=
8.62
9.11
TABLE
UEC
L = 18.000
B =
8.740
t =
0.120
3
(3
F0
F1
F2
FOLDS)
=
6.72
=
5.48
=
4.94
M1
M2
=
=
8.62
9.66
TABLE
UEC
L = 18.000
B =
9.000
t =
0.120
4
(3
F0
F1
F2
FOLDS )
=
6.75
=
5.38
=
4.81
M1
M2
=
=
8.62
i0.26
(3
F0
F1
F2
FOLDS)
=
6.79
=
5.29
=
4.67
M1
M2
=
=
8.62
i0.90
M1
M2
=
=
8.62
11.59
TABLE
UEC
5
L = 18.000
B =
9.270
t =
0.120
TABLE UEC
L = 18.000
B =
9.550
t =
0.120
See Figs A9
and A 10
6
( 3 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
6.83
5.19
4.55
266
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
( 3 FOLDS)
TABLE
UEC
7
L = 18.000
B =
9. 8 4 0
t =
0. 1 2 0
F0
F1
F2
TABLE
UEC
8
L = 18.540
B =
8.240
t =
0.140
F0
F1
F2
TABLE
UEC
9
L = 18.540
B =
8.490
t =
0.140
F0
F1
F2
10
TABLE
UEC
L = 18. 540
B =
8.740
t =
0.140
F0
F1
F2
TABLE
UEC
II
L = 18.540
B =
9. 0 0 0
t =
0.140
F0
F1
F2
TABLE
UEC
12
L = 18.540
B =
9. 2 7 0
t =
0.140
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
6.86
5.10
4.42
M1
M2
=
=
8.62
12.33
M1
M2
=
9.60
=
11.05
(3 FOLDS)
=
=
=
6.55
5.66
5.25
(3 FOLDS)
=
=
=
6.59
5.56
5.10
M1
=
9.60
M2
=
11.59
M1
M2
=
9.60
=
12.16
M1
M2
=
9.60
=
12.78
M1
M2
=
9.60
=
13.44
(3 FOLDS)
=
=
=
6.62
5.46
4.95
(3 FOLDS )
=
=
=
6.66
5.36
4.82
(3 FOLDS)
=
=
=
6.70
5.27
4.68
Design tablesforfoldedplates types UEC 267
L = 18.540
(3 F O L D S )
F0 = 6.74
B
t
F1
F2
TABLE
=
=
UEC
13
9.550
0.140
F0
F1
F2
TABLE
UEC
15
L = 19. I00
B =
8. 2 4 0
t =
0.140
F0
F1
F2
t
=
0.140
5.18
4.55
M1
M2
=
=
9.60
14.16
M1
M2
=
=
9.60
14.95
M1
M2
=
=
9.60
ii. 60
M1
M2
=
=
9.60
12.13
M1
M2
=
=
9.60
12.68
(3 FOLDS)
TABLE
UEC
14
L = 18. 540
B =
9. 8 4 0
t =
0.140
TABLE
UEC
16
L = 19. i00
B =
8.490
=
=
=
=
=
6.78
5.09
4.43
(3 FOLDS)
=
=
=
6.93
6.00
5.57
(3 FOLDS)
FO
F1
F2
=
=
=
6.96
5.89
5.41
(3 FOLDS)
TABLE
UEC
17
L = 19. i00
B =
8.740
t =
0.140
F0
F1
F2
TABLE
UEC
18
L = 19. i00
B =
9. 000
t =
0.140
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
7.00
5.79
5.26
(3 FOLDS)
=
=
=
7.04
5.69
5. II
M1
=
9.60
M2
=
13.28
268
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
L
B
t
=
=
=
UEC
TABLE
UEC
( 3 FOLDS)
19
19. i00
9. 2 7 0
0.140
F0
F1
F2
20
=
=
=
7.09
5.59
4.97
=
19. I00
F0
=
7.13
B
t
=
=
9.550
0.140
F1
F2
=
=
5.49
4.83
L
B
t
=
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
=
=
=
=
=
=
TABLE
L
B
t
=
=
=
21
UEC
UEC
22
23
UEC
24
9.60
13.93
M1
=
M2
=
9.60
14.63
FOLDS)
=
=
=
7.18
5.39
4.70
M1
=
M2
=
9.60
15.40
(3 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
19.670
8.490
0.140
19. 670
8.740
0.140
(3
F0
F1
F2
19. 670
8.240
0.140
TABLE
L
B
t
UEC
19. i00
9. 8 4 0
0.140
=
=
(3 FOLDS)
L
TABLE
M1
M2
=
=
=
7.31
6.35
5.91
(3 FOLDS)
F0 =
7.35
F1 =
6.24
F2 =
5.74
M1
=
M2
=
12.21
9.60
M1
M2
=
=
9.60
12.72
(3 FOLDS)
F0
F1
=
=
7.4O
6.13
M1
=
F2
=
5.58
M2
=
9.60
13.26
Design tablesfor folded plates types UEC 269
TABLE
UEC
25
(3 FOLDS)
L
=
19. 670
F0
=
7.44
B
t
=
=
9. 0 0 0
0.140
F1
F2
=
=
6.02
5.42
M1
=
M2
=
13.84
9.60
M1
M2
=
=
9.60
14.47
(3 FOLDS)
TABLE
UEC
26
L = 19. 670
B =
9. 2 7 0
t =
0.140
F0
F1
F2
TABLE
UEC
27
L = 19. 670
B =
9.550
t =
0.140
F0
F1
F2
TABLE
UEC
28
L = 19. 670
B =
9. 8 4 0
t =
0.140
F0
F1
F2
=
=
=
7.49
5.92
5.27
(3 FOLDS)
=
=
=
7.54
5.81
5.13
M1
=
M2
=
15.15
9.60
M1
M2
=
=
9.60
15.89
(3 FOLDS)
=
=
=
7.59
5.71
4.99
270
2
4
Fig. A l l
Fig. A12
Appendix 10. Design tables for folded
plates types CUEC
TABLE
CUEC
L = 18.000
B =
8.240
t
=
1
0.120
TABLE
CUEC
L = 18.000
B =
8.490
t =
0.120
2
TABLE
CUEC
L = 18.000
B =
8.740
t =
0.120
3
TABLE
CUEC
L = 18.000
B =
9.000
t =
0.120
4
TABLE CUEC
L = 18.000
B =
9.270
5
t
=
0.120
TABLE COEC 6
L
B
t
=
=
=
18.000
9.550
0.120
See Figs A 11 and A 12
(5 FOLDS)
F0 =
8.29
F1 =
5.98
F2
F3
=
=
4.56
4.20
M1
M2
M3
=
=
=
8.62
8.15
6.33
(5
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.27
5.86
4.44
4.09
M1
M2
M3
=
=
=
8.62
8.60
6.70
(5 FOLDS)
F0 =
8.26
F1 =
5.75
F2 =
4.32
F3 =
3.98
M1
M2
M3
=
=
=
8.62
9.06
7.08
FOLDS)
8.24
5.64
4.21
3.88
M1
M2
M3
=
=
=
8.62
9.57
7.49
M1
M2
M3
=
=
=
8.62
i0.12
7.93
M1
M2
M3
=
=
=
8.62
i0.72
8.39
(5
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
( 5 FOLDS )
F0 =
8.24
F1 =
5.53
F2
=
F3
=
4.09
3.78
(5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
8.23
5.42
3.99
3.67
272
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE CURe 7
L
B
t
=
=
=
18.000
9.840
0.120
TABLE
CUEC
L = 18. 540
B =
8.240
t =
0.140
8
TABLE
CUEC
L = 18. 540
B =
8.490
t =
0.140
9
TABLE
CUEC
L = 18.540
B =
8.740
t =
0.140
I0
TABLE
11
L
B
t
=
=
=
8.23
5.31
3.88
3.57
M1
M2
M3
=
=
=
( 5 FOLDS)
F0 =
8.22
F1 =
5.98
F2 =
4.59
F3 =
4.24
M1
M2
M3
=
9.60
=
=
i0.15
6.68
(5
F0
F1
F2
F3
F0
F1
F2
F3
18.540
9.000
0.140
TABLE
CUEC
L = 18.540
B =
9.270
t =
0.140
(S FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
8.62
Ii. 37
8.89
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.21
5.86
4.47
4.13
M1
M2
M3
=
9.60
=
=
i0.61
7.10
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.20
5.74
4.35
4.02
M1
M2
M3
=
=
=
9.60
ii. 09
7.53
9.60
ii. 61
8.00
(S FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
8.19
5.63
4.23
3.91
M1
M2
M3
=
=
=
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.19
5.52
4.12
3.81
Ml
M2
M3
=
9.60
=
=
12.18
8.49
12
Design tablesfor folded plates types CUEC 273
TABLE CUEC 1 3
(5 F O L D S )
L = 18. 540
F0 =
8.19
B
t
=
=
9.550
0.140
TABLE
CUEC
L = 18. 540
B =
9.840
t =
0.140
F1
F2
=
=
5.42
4.01
F3
=
3.71
F0
F1
F2
(5
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.19
5.31
3.90
F3
=
M1
M2
M3
=
=
=
9.60
12.80
9.02
3.61
M1
M2
M3
=
=
=
9.60
13.48
9.59
(5
=
=
=
F3 =
FOLDS)
8.71
6.34
4.87
4.50
M1
M2
M3
=
=
=
9.60
I0.56
6.54
F0
F1
F2
(5
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.69
6.21
4.74
F3
=
4.38
M1
M2
M3
=
=
=
9.60
i0.99
6.96
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.68
6.09
4.61
4.26
M1
M2
M3
=
=
=
9.60
11.45
7.40
F0
F1
F2
(5
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.68
5.98
4.49
F3
=
4.15
M1
M2
M3
=
=
=
9.60
ii. 96
7.87
14
TABLE
CUEC
L = 19.100
B =
8.240
t =
0.140
15
TABLE
CUEC
L = 19.100
B =
8.490
t =
0.140
16
F0
F1
F2
TABLE
CUEC
L = 19.100
B =
8.740
t =
0.140
17
TABLE
CUEC
L = 19.100
B =
9. 0 0 0
t =
0.140
18
274
Concrete Folded Plate Roofs
TABLE
CUEC
L = 19.100
B =
9.270
t =
0.140
19
TABLE
CUEC
L = 19.100
B =
9.550
t =
0.140
20
TABLE
CUEC
L = 19.100
B =
9. 8 4 0
t =
0.140
21
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
8.67
5.86
4.37
4.04
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
TABLE CUEC 22
L
B
t
=
=
=
19.670
8.240
0.140
=
=
=
19.670
8.490
0.140
TABLE
CUEC
L = 19. 670
B =
8. 7 4 0
t =
0.140
=
9.60
M2
M3
=
=
12.52
8.37
FOLDS)
8.68
5.75
4.26
3.93
M1
M2
M3
=
9.60
=
=
13.12
8.90
FOLDS)
8.68
5.63
4.14
3.83
M1
=
9.60
M2
M3
=
=
13.78
9.47
M1
=
9.60
M2
M3
=
=
ii. 00
6.39
9.60
11.42
6.81
( 5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
TABLE CUEC 23
L
B
t
M1
=
=
=
=
9.21
6.71
5.17
4.77
( 5 FOLDS)
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
9.20
6.58
5.03
4.64
M1
M2
M3
=
=
=
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
9.19
6.46
4.89
4.52
M1
M2
M3
=
9.60
=
=
11.86
7.25
24
Design tables f or folded plates types CUEC 275
TABLE CUEC 2 5
( 5 FOLDS)
L
=
19.670
F0
=
B
=
9.000
=
6.33
M1
=
9.60
t
=
0.140
F1
F2
F3
=
=
4.76
4.40
M2
=
12.35
M3
=
7.73
M1
=
9.60
M2
M3
=
=
12.89
8.23
=
9.60
=
=
13.48
8.77
TABLE
CUEC
L = 19.670
B =
9.270
t =
0.140
26
(5
F0
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
=
9.19
FOLDS)
9.18
6.21
4.64
4.29
TABLE CUEC 2 7
( 5 FOLDS)
L = 19. 670
F0 =
9.18
B
t
=
=
9.550
0.140
TABLE
CUEC
L = 19. 670
B =
9.840
t =
0.140
F1
F2
F3
=
=
=
6.09
4.51
4.17
M1
M2
M3
F0
F1
F2
F3
(5
=
=
=
=
FOLDS)
9.19
5.97
4.39
4.06
M1
M2
M3
28
=
9.60
=
=
14.12
9.34
This page intentionally left blank
Index
advantages 1
aesthetics 1
analysis 2, 8
arrises 56
buckling 16
chamfers 56
concrete
cover 1821
protection 50
strength 1821
construction 506
continuous folded plates 41, 47
design 25
design table notes 212
design tables 1023
design tables in Appendices
type UUEB 5878
type PUEB 7998
type CUUEB 10020
type CPUEB 12140
type UDEB 14266
type PDEB 16790
type CUDEB 192227
type CPDEB 22963
type UEC 26469
type CUEC 27075
disadvantages 1
electrical conduits 12
end stiffener beams 46
examples
type UUEB 2431
type CUUEB 3140
type CUUEB with many more plates 41
type PUEB 415
type UDEB 46
lighting 1013
loading 1315
Northlights 2
practical types 2
references 6, 9, 23, 49
reinforcement 21
reinforcement detailing 31
shrinking stresses 479
temperature movement and stresses 47
thermal insulation 501
thickness 1618
units 6
uses 1
ventilation 12
wall cladding 515
waterproofing 1, 2, 50, 51
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