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Pictures and People
Reading and Writing Module 2: Describing Pictures and People
Describing Pictures 1. Introduction 2. Sentences 3. Structures to describe pictures: there is/are 4. Structures to describe pictures: countable and uncountable nouns 5. Structures to describe pictures: quantifiers 6. Structures to describe pictures: prepositions 7. Using your imagination 8. Writing assignment 9. Checking your writing: subject/verb agreement Describing People 10. Describing People: Appearance 11. Describing People: Character 12. Describing People: Putting it Together 13. Check your Writing: Parts of Speech 22 31 38 42 2 3 5 7 10 14 17 19 20
Welcome to Reading and Writing Module 2: Describing Pictures and People. In this module, you will focus on:
- describing pictures, photographs and scenes - making mind maps - inferring - using your imagination - recognising subject/verb agreement mistakes - checking your own work - describing appearance and character - comparing people - identifying main ideas - ordering ideas - identifying irrelevant sentences - interviewing
- parts of a sentence - there is and there are - countable and uncountable nouns - quantifiers; some, any, much, many, a lot of - prepositions - parts of the body - state and manner adjectives - comparative adjectives - topic sentences - like as preposition - parts of speech
RW 2 - page 1
A. Look at the picture, and discuss in groups: - What can you see in the picture? - What is he doing? - Do you think he is happy? - How old do you think he is? - Where do you think he should be at his age and WHY? Think of a TITLE for this picture.
Look at the following sentences to describe this picture:
There is a boy in the picture. He has a gun. He is sitting. B. In groups, make more sentences
about this picture.
C. In your groups, think of ideas to
complete the chart.
What can you see in the picture?
What can you imagine about what you see in the picture?
RW 2 - page 2
D. Here is a description of this picture.
What is wrong with this description? List the mistakes.
There’s a boy in this picture. He is about 20 years old. He looks happy. He isn’t smiling. He has a small gun. He’s wearing a school uniform and a watch. There are some trees behind the boy. There’s an elephant beside the boy.
A. What is in a sentence?
Think of some things that you find in a sentence.
B. Some of the following lines are sentences, some are not. Tick the sentences.
If it is not a sentence, why not?
1. Law Meh worked in a hospital for six years. 2. My friend in Mae Sot. 3. Ma Ma studies English after dinner. 4. He’s tired. 5. Teaches mathematics to high school students in Shan State. 6. My father’s old blue motorcycle. 7. I walk. 8. There are two dogs. 9. A beautiful house beside the Salween River. 10. It’s raining.
Now read the information about sentences on page 4. In pairs, discuss your answers.
RW 2 - page 3
subject v erb Subjects can be one word.page 4 . some soldiers to the cinema. 8. 3. I think the boy’s name Maung Maung Soe. Correct the mistake. Write some sentences that have one mistake: . One night. 1. subject v erb Subjects come before the verb. or many words. Didn’t go to school. Work in pairs. subject v erb It can have only a subject and a verb.wrong subject/verb order or or . Do you want some cake? I’d love some! EXERCISE C. There a cinema in his village. and his father is dead 5. 7.Parts of the Sentence A sentence has a subject and a verb. too. My uncle. Took Maung Maung Soe to the army headquarters. We ate many cakes last night. Likes Maung Maung Soe going to the cinema. but usually sentences have other words. A sentence ends with a full stop.no verb . They often come at the beginning of a sentence. question mark or exclamation mark. 6. Everybody likes eating his cakes. 2. He sometimes cooks special cakes for us. 4. in Karen State. Can they find and correct the mistake? RW 2 . ACTIVITY D. He cooks. subject The first letter of the first word of a sentence is a capital letter.wrong punctuation or Give these sentences to another pair. These sentences all have one mistake. he was born in a village near Pa-an. my sister and my friends like cake.no subject . His mother and sisters are very poor.
1. 10. In the _______________. _____________ a piano in my house. 5. _____________ some soldiers at the checkpoint. Write three sentences about your house. There is/are _____________ There is a shop near my house. 2. 6. There are some pictures on the walls. Can they identify the lie? RW 2 . Use any with ________________ and _________________ nouns.page 5 . 2. There is + __________________ There are + ________________ noun. There’s a lot of money on the desk. There are a lot of chickens outside. ACTIVITY _____________ some food in the kitchen. Fill the gaps with there is/are/isn’t/aren’t. There’s some water in a bucket. 3. 6.3. 4. _____________ a lot of dust outside the window. _____________ a good football team in this school. Read your sentences to the group. Are these sentences true or false? 1. Fill in the gaps in the box with these grammar terms.Work in groups. and one lie.Make true sentences. Write two true sentences. 5. D. There isn’t a teashop nearby. There are two whiteboards. There is some sugar in the bag. 8. There’s a teacher. Look around you. There’s a blackboard. at your classroom. using there is/are/isn’t/aren’t. uncountable noun singular plural countable negative There is + singular . 3. hardworking students! EXERCISE B. use isn’t and aren’t with there. 9. There are more male students than female students. 7. There are many intelligent. 4. There are students in the class. _____________ any gold under the classroom. There are twelve students. _____________ any tigers near here. Structures to describe pictures: there is/are EXERCISE A. There’s = There is EXERCISE C. There aren’t any teashops nearby There isn’t any water in the river. 7.
Make questions using ‘there is/there are’.Look at this picture for one minute.page 6 . put there after is/are. 6. 3. Then close your book. RW 2 . 4. 2.ACTIVITY E. Use any with plural and uncountable nouns. Is there a toilet nearby? Are there any shops in this village? Is there any water in the bucket? EXERCISE F. Questions with there is/are For questions. 5. You have three minutes to write as many sentences as you can about this picture. dog /at your house? ants / in the kitchen? chalk / in the classroom? computers / at the school? money / in your bag? box / under the desk? In pairs. ask and answer these questions. Example: elephants/in the jungle? Are there any elephants in thejungle? 1.
Structures to describe pictures: countable and uncountable nouns EXERCISE A. Her mother is angry! A small boy is sitting. Read the paragraph: There are some women and children beside a river.4. EXERCISE B. Can you make single and plural forms of all these nouns? single plural child children RW 2 .page 7 . A girl is emptying some soap powder in the water. Another woman is washing some shirts. Three children are playing in the water. Underline all the nouns in the paragraph. playing in the sand. with soap. Look at the picture and find all the things described in the paragraph. His older brother is washing himself. A woman is breast-feeding her baby.
Classify these nouns into countable and uncountable. they have no plurals. Underline the noun. 7. Are they countable or uncountable? 1. I had to wait for ten minutes. Motorbikes need petrol. a cat three cats a newspaper two newspapers Uncountable nouns are the names of things that we cannot count. Just tell me one thing. 5. Write sentences with countable nouns.page 8 . Can she/he answer correctly? RW 2 . water wool weather EXERCISE (NOT a water. Love makes the world go around. ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ACTIVITY E. two waters) (NOT a wool. advice bread vegetable grass information c o u n ta b le banana rubbish furniture meal work wood examination colour bamboo knowledge a dvice animal adult rice office number u n c o u n ta b le ba n a n a EXERCISE D. 3. 4. I’m taking a photo. two weathers) C. some with uncountable nouns. they have plurals. Do you play tennis? 2. Give your sentences to another student. Good luck in your new job! 6. Write some sentences like those in exercise D. two wools) (NOT a weather. We cannot use a/an or numbers with uncountable nouns.Countable / uncountable nouns Countable nouns are the names of objects that we can count. We can use numbers and a/an with countable nouns. Look at the underlined nouns.
There's a tree beside the shop. Other students will read their sentences. Work in groups. Write six sentences to describe the picture. How many things can you think of? Compare your lists with two or three other students. Make a mind map of a things you can find in a house. We’ve got it! REVIEW F. What do you have in your house? Write a list .ACTIVITY E. Your teacher will give you five pictures. Your teacher will give you five different pictures. She's got a book and some wool. Can you identify any of the pictures? There’s a woman counting her money outside a shop.page 9 . and make a group list. Choose one of these pictures.you have three minutes. Can you put them into categories? Try this: rice Materials we make things out of Things you can pour wool water advice ? abstract ideas work REVIEW G. Look at all the uncountable nouns you have learned in this lesson. RW 2 .
and read the paragraph: Last week.5.page 10 . Are they countable or uncountable? EXERCISE B. and there isn’t much fruit. Put the quantifiers (underlined words) and noun into the table. there aren’t many trees. Now. Circle all the nouns that come after the underlined words. and they don’t have much money. there was a lot of rice on this hill. countable uncountable a lot of rice positive sentence any food negative sentence RW 2 . and some are in negative sentences. They have some relatives there. and a lot of ash on the ground. They don’t have any food now. Look at the picture. there isn’t any rice. There’s some smoke. they have a lot of relatives. a lot of trees grew here. Some of these nouns are in positive sentences. Now. Structures to describe pictures: Quantifiers EXERCISE A. These people are going to stay in another village. Before. Luckily.
I’ve got _______ work this afternoon. RW 2 . 2. 1. Is there any sugar? She hasn’t got any money. so I’m going shopping in the morning. I can buy a lot of things at the market. with _______________:* There are many children in this class. She doesn’t like a lot of beer. uncountable noun postive sentences questions countable noun negative sentences Quantifiers We use some in positive sentences and questions. There’s a vegetarian restaurant in town. with _____________________________: There are a lot of bananas on the tree.Usually. Do you need many new blankets? We don’t need many eggs. Write some or any in the gaps. 4. 7. but today they don’t have _________ oil. I need ___________ stamps. They haven’t got a lot of pens. with _______________: There isn’t much water in the river. Do you have _______ work this afternoon? We can meet after dinner . 9. 5. I need to buy ________ food. I’m a vegetarian.C. Then.There are _______ garages near the market. We use any in _______________. Have you got much time? We use a lot of in __________________________. 8. I’m going to the post office. 6. I also need ________ petrol for my motorbike.have you got ________ money? We can go to the cinema. it’s time for lunch. 3. with _________________________________: There aren’t any books. we use it in negative sentences and questions. We use many in ________________________________. First.page 11 . Fill in the gaps in the box with these grammar terms. but there aren’t __________ shops near the post office. Children need a lot of love. EXERCISE D. Is there a lot of salt in the food? Does he chew a lot of betel-nut? * It is uncommon to use many in postive sentences. with countable and uncountable nouns: I’ve got some pens Do you want some tea? There’s some food in the kitchen. so I don’t eat _______ meat. I’m going to eat _______ bean curry. We use much in ________________________________.
page 12 . There isn't much oil in Saudi Arabia. 6. 9. Correct your partner’s sentences. ACTIVITY F. 12. 5. There aren't many tall buildings in the U. Most people in Bangladesh have got a lot of money. 11. true false 1. or your sentence is incorrect. There isn't much water in the Sahara desert. The winner is the last student to think of a sentence. Students take turns to say a sentence with some or any. different sentence. Write three sentences with some. Swap sentences with a partner. C anada has got a lot of trees. 4.S. and three sentences with any. General knowledge quiz. Look at this picture. India has a lot of different ethnic groups. If you can’t think of a sentence. Each student must have a new. 3. RW 2 . 10. EXERCISE G.EXERCISE E. There aren't many Burmese migrant workers in Thailand. 8. Switzerland hasn't got much land. C ambodia doesn't grow much rice. 7. 2. you are out of the game. Play KeepTalking about this picture. Are these sentences true or false? Tick the correct column. There aren't many people in C hina. Australia has got a lot of elephants. There are a lot of penguins in Antarctica.
e. I think a lot of __________. I feel very lonely. poor people 4. pollution . teachers There aren’t many teachers in our village. and things your school needs. . Think about your home town or village. I don’t remember how much __________ we drank last night. I haven’t got much __________ to spend but I need to buy many _________.page 13 . Many of my __________live far away from me. Make true sentences using there is/are and some/any/much/many/a lot of. RW 2 . or There are some teachers in our village. Think about your school. rich people 5. What is there? What isn’t there? Do you have enough resources? Write a class list of things your school has. different ethnic groups 6.There aren’t many interesting books in the library. I think I smoked a lot of __________ too. I have a headache. 1. different religions 7. Read the paragraph. . Fill the gaps with words from the box. Not many __________ want to be friends with me. traditional healers 3.g. problems 8.There are some great teachers! BRAINSTORM J. I have a sore throat now. doctors 2. Why? EXERCISE I. things cigarettes food people whisky money whisky friends I haven’t eaten much __________ today.EXERCISE H.We have a lot of exercise books and pencils.
3. There is a computer ____________________ . Once your X or O is in the square. the other team can’t use it. You can win a square by writing a correct sentence using the word in the square.ACTIVITY K. Describe the picture using some of these words: at the top at the bottom at the back in the front in the centre on the right on the left 1. either across. you win the game. Write the grid on the board. There are some drawers __________________ .page 14 . If you win a square. There is some paper _________________ . There is a wooden table _________________ . one team is Os. There is a wooden table __________________ . If your sentence is wrong you don’t get the square. There are some shelves ____________________ . 2. There are some chairs ____________________ . Play Usage Xs and Os. The aim of the game is to claim three squares in a row. you write an X or O in it. One team is Xs. 7. 5. muc h a l ot of many a l ot of many any some any muc h 6. If you get three squares in a row. RW 2 . Divide into two teams. 4. and some more drawers _____________. Structures to describe pictures: Prepositions EXERCISE A. 6. and the other team has a turn. Take turns to choose a square. up/down or diagonal.
RW 2 . Can you identify the people? Here is a picture of our teacher training at Mae La Oon. Henry is next to Ku Mo.EXERCISE B. Nay Htoo is to the left of Thaw Reh and Eh Gay. Read the description of this photo. Eh Mwee is standing behind Charmy Paul. next to Thaw Reh on his right. The writer is in front of Jehn. True or false? 1. next to me. between Henry on his left and Jehn on his right. Eh Mwee is standing at the centre. There are three women and eight men in this picture. 5. 7. EXERCISE C.page 15 . 2. 4. 3. The young guy at the top of the photo is Eh Gay. Jehn is between Thaw Reh and Eh Mwee. Eh Gay is at the bottom of the picture. 6. Ku Mo is sitting on the left. and Mel is sitting on the right. on her right. 8. Nay Htoo is at the back. That’s Charmy Paul at the front. Mel is on the right of the writer.
Read your sentences to your partner.BRAINSTORM D...page 16 . ACTIVITY E. You have two minutes to write a list of prepositions. Pair Dictation. Draw the picture your teacher describes. ACTIVITY F. Which group has the most prepositions? Make a class list on the board. Work in groups. Listen to your teacher. Write as much as you can about the picture. You have five minutes. Your partner listens. and writes what you say. RW 2 . Work in pairs. Which of these are prepositions of location? in under beside. Your teacher will give you a picture. Check your partner’s writing.
When. Using your imagination BRAINSTORM A. England and New Zealand 5.. Burma. The teacher will put a picture on the board.. 3... The winner is the first team to write the answer on the board. Here are some answers. Where. They’re doing a teacher training.. Do you know the answers to any of these questions? Some answers are under the photo. 6.page 17 . Why. 2. By car and boat. Work in two teams. How many questions could you ask about this picture? Make a class list. Teach at different schools on the border. In Mae La Oon.. Two weeks.. 7. The student who writes a good answer gets a point for their team. No. 8. Who. In April.. RW 2 . The member of each team comes up to the board. 10.. 9. Yes. EXERCISE B. 2004 4.. there isn’t. What questions could you ask to get more information about this picture? What. The teacher asks a question. They’re teachers. ACTIVITY C. there are. What questions are they answering? 1.7. Work in groups. Look again at the picture on page 15.
RW 2 . Look at the list on page 19 for some more ideas.BRAINSTORM D. Answer your partner’s questions. Ask your partner the questions. W hat W h e re W hen W ho Why How ACTIVITY E.page 18 . Write as many wh.questions as you can about this picture. Find a partner from another group. Work in groups. Look at the picture on page 6.
What family do they have? .8. .Who is in the picture and what do they look like? .What are they feeling? . Writing Assignment EXERCISE A. Look at these questions.Where are they? . What words do you need to describe this picture? Put them in this table: n ou ns verb s adjectives prep osition s EXERCISE C.What are they doing? . Write a description of the picture (150-200 words. Choose a picture you would like to describe. What information can you get from the picture? Put it in this table: What you can see in the picture What you can imagine about w hat you see ASSIGNMENT D.What are they thinking? What does the picture tell us about the situation? EXERCISE B.page 19 .) RW 2 . Answer them for your picture.
Sugar tastes sweet. my children is all good swimmers. Fill in the gaps in the box with these grammar terms. Are they singular. The boat usually stay at a small village on the Salween river. and circle the subjects. 4. My cousin’s family owns the shop. Petrol is expensive! It cost 25 baht per litre. We have a small boat. If a subject is __________. correct it. The villagers are mostly fishers. 5. 10. 11. If the sentence has a mistake.page 20 . 8. There are a lot of accidents. 2. The Salween river is dangerous. My children and I often go to the river to catch fish. She is six years old. RW 2 . Read these sentences. uncountable singular plural sentences Subject/verb agreement Nouns and pronouns are the subjects of __________. There’s a lot of information about river dangers. Many older people in the village knows the river very well. Checking Your Writing: Subject/verb agreement DISCUSSION A. plural or uncountable? Some of these sentences have mistakes. the verb must be __________. 1. tick it. subject v erb EXERCISE C.9. the verb must be __________. If the sentence is correct. Luckily. 7. There are about 200 people in the village. v erb subject If the subject is __________. If a subject is singular. The water flows very quickly. 6. Many people drown every year in the Salween river. the verb must be plural. I has two sons and a daughter. 9. There are a big shop that sells petrol in the village. What does subject/verb agreement mean? Can you think of an example of correct subject/verb agreement? Can you think of an example of bad subject/verb agreement? EXERCISE B. subject v erb There are two dogs under the tree. 3.
Look at the writing assignment you did on page 19. Partner A. Every teacher has a desk in the office. We need a lot of paper to print copies of class materials for the students. underline the mistake. Every teacher has a desk in the office. There’s also a library. You can’t see the library . at the classroom and outside the classroom. Work in pairs. say ‘stop’. Partner A (Partner B don’t look) Our office are very crowded. Teachers put their personal books and teaching notes on their desks. At the back of the picture you can see some shelves.page 21 . Give the writing back to your partner. read B aloud to your partner. Teachers puts their personal books and teaching notes on their desks. ASSIGNMENT F. There isn’t many space in our office! Partner B (Partner A don’t look) s/v Our office are very crowded. There is two cupboards on the left and right of the shelves. We need a lot of paper to print copies of class materials for the students. Read your partner’s writing. Partner B. but it’s broken at the moment. The teachers keep all the school supplies in the office. but it’s broken at the moment. and explain the mistake. Correct your own writing.ACTIVITY D. The school also has a students library up the hill. and write s/v.it’s opposite the shelf on the other side of the room. RW 2 . We keeps it under a plastic sheet. Circle them. There’s some paper on the shelves. Write as much as you can in 5 minutes about what is around you. Now re-write your assignment. Go through the writing and check for s/v agreement mistakes. and write s/v next to it. When your partner says stop. Circle all the s/v agreement mistakes. There’s some paper on the shelves. read A aloud to your partner. It’s on the left of the picture. At the back of the picture you can see some shelves. It are on the left of the picture. Give your writing to another student. We store information about our students in these cupboards. The teachers keeps all the school supplies in the office. We store information about our students in these cupboads. Don’t look at your partner’s text! When you hear a mistake in s/v agreement.it’s opposite the shelf on the other side of the room. The school also have a students library up the hill. There are two cupboards on the left and right of the shelves. We keep it under a plastic sheet. There isn’t much space in our office! ACTIVITY s/v E. We has got a computer. There are about 500 books in the teachers’ library. There’s also a library. You can’t see the library . and give it to your teacher together with the picture. There is about 500 books in the teachers’ library. Look around you. We’ve got a computer.
Describing faces EXERCISE Look at the pictures. Who has long eyelashes? 2. Who has a round face? 8. Who has a pointy chin? 3. eye chin nose forehead eyelashes lips eyebrow cheek jaw B. RW 2 . Who has a big mouth? 7. Parts of the face EXERCISE Use the words in the box to label the diagram. Describing People: Appearance A. Who has a wide nose? 5. 1. How many of the words do you know? Try to guess the rest.page 22 . Who has curly hair? b. Check answers with your partner. Who is bald? 4. Who is short? 6.10. a.
Then change roles. Adjectives and nouns EXERCISE Which of the adjectives go with the nouns in the circles? Find one adjective for every ‘spike’. Grammar Check EXERCISE Complete the sentences.page 23 . (a woman) She has very white teeth. _____ _____ long. Her eyes are big. Grammar Box There are two ways to make a sentence to describe somebody: a) subject + has + adj + noun b) subject + to be + adj She has big eyes. Check the grammar box . ____ lips ____ thin. B: Ask yes /no questions to find the person A has chosen. (a woman) or _____ teeth _______ very white. i. (a woman) ii. ____ ____ a wide forehead. straight hair.should you use structure a) or b)? eg. ____ nose ___ big. You will need to use some adjectives twice. Her teeth are very white. (a man) RW 2 . ______ ______ very white teeth.C. Work with a partner. A: Choose one person (don’t tell your partner which one). (a man) iv. big curly small short thin bushy thick full long straight nose hooked bent wavy pointed lips chin hair D. (a woman) iii. E. Matching pictures ACTIVITY Your teacher will give you a sheet of paper with lots of people on it.
F. RW 2 .page 24 . Describe a person ACTIVITY Choose one of the pictures below. The perfect face DISCUSSION Are any of the people in these pictures beautiful? handsome? What makes somebody beautiful or handsome? Work in groups. Write 5 sentences to describe the person. Describe the perfect face. G. Use the grammar box and the noun-adjective phrases to help you.
RW 2 . black 2)______________. Which words from the box describe the man? Use correct words from the box to complete the description of the man. His face is 1)____________.H. He’s starting to go bald so I think he is 7)___________. with bags underneath them. Complete the description EXERCISE Look at the picture.page 25 . His eyes are quite 3)______________. and he has a thick. He is a little overweight . forehead / chin big / small round / long bushy / thin straight / hooked beard / moustache skinny / overweight young / middle-aged This man is a bullfighter from Mexico. His nose is 6)____________. He’s raising his eyebrows so his 5)____________is wrinkled. and his eyebrows are 4)______________.
Answer your partner’s questions. Who is older? The boy on the left is older. we use ‘-er’ . Look at the 2 children in the picture. eg. Use one of the adjectives below to make questions: “Who is…?” or “Who has…?” and the comparative form.more expensive RW 2 ..more serious expensive .thinner ‘-ier’ is for words ending in -y: lucky . ACTIVITY b. thick/eyebrows curly/hair big dark/hair .page 26 . Comparing people EXERCISE a.I. ‘-ier’ or ‘more’: ‘-er’ is for short words: cheap .luckier easy . also use your own ideas. Work in pairs.easier ‘more’ is for longer words: serious . Who is more beautiful? Who is older? Look at the grammar box for help making comparative forms. Who is more beautiful? He is more beautiful.. Who is … Grammar Box When we compare.cheaper thin .
Now read the article and see if you are right. It was short at the sides. Romeo and Cruz. Young men in England. BRAINSTORM Each of the words above will feature in the article. and they have two 3ons. a British singer. One of his most popular styles was the “soft mohican” he had at the 2002 World Cup. and blond and spiky on the top. Japan. South East Asia and even Argentina copied this hairstyle. Becks caused a lot of debate in England when he wore a sarong. David Beckham was born on May 2.page 27 . David’s hairdresser went to Japan to give Becks a trim part way through the tournament. tousled hairstyle and pink nail varnish. 1975. where men rarely wear nail varnish. and people all over the world try to copy him. he has a huge influence on men’s fashion all over the world. RW 2 . Look them up in a dictionary and write the definition of each word. Soon after England was knocked out of the World Cup by Brazil. Do you know any of these words? What do they mean? Put the words in alphabetical order. tournament hairstyle controversial influence popular tousled naturally b. His ever-changing hairstyle is often in the news. UK. Reading: David Beckham EXERCISE a.J. He’s married to Victoria. he moved to Real Madrid in the summer of 2003. He can change the way people think about their clothes. Beckham is almost as famous for his looks as for his football. After many years of playing with Manchester United. Some of Beckham’s styles have been controversial in the UK. Even though many people disagree about Beckham’s clothes and hair. Brooklyn. Who is this? What do you know about him? You will read an article about him. He has green eyes and his hair is naturally brown. This time he had a new. Beckham was in the English newspapers again. Try to guess the topic. in London.
knock. Which of the following can you infer from the article? Tick the correct inferences. Match the words with the definitions. RW 2 . What does David Beckham look like? Use the information in the article and your own knowledge to describe him. Getting ready to write BRAINSTORM a. trim (v) 5. Speaking practice DISCUSSION Work in pairs. Practice describing people you know. __ 3 Footballers have to be fashionable. we use it to describe hair colour f) something that is always changing g) a hairstyle. K. mohican (n) 3.. out (v) 6.page 28 . What is the main idea of this story? a) David Beckham is a famous footballer. c) David Beckham is very influential in fashion. EXERCISE d. EXERCISE f. and brainstorm around their appearance.EXERCISE c. eg. blonde (adj) 4. Think of a person you know. nail varnish (n) a) to cut someone’s hair a little. __ 2 Beckham has a happy family. very short at the sides and spiky on top EXERCISE e. Ask your partner questions. Main idea. What does your mother look like? Do you have a brother? What does he look like? L. ever-changing (adj) 2. b) Footballers’ fashion is very important. __ 1 David Beckham is handsome. __ 4 Beckham’s clothes can be unusual. Now it’s your turn to write about somebody. without making a big change b) someone whose job is to cut hair c) coloured paint for nails d) to lose a match and not participate any more e) yellow. hairdresser (n) 7. What does the person’s hair look like? What does his / her nose look like? Write down all the adjectives you can think of to describe the person.. Inference. 1.
Which paragraph is easier to understand? Why is it easy to understand? Look at your mind map in exercise a. His hair is grey. He is old. and he is carrying a fishing net full of the day’s catch. How will you order your information? Number your circles in the order that you will write about them. Organisation is very important when we write a paragraph about any topic. Write the name of the person you will describe in the centre circle. Try to organise your ideas and adjectives in the map. There are many wrinkles around his eyes. and he is carrying a fishing net full of the day’s catch. and he has a grey beard and moustache. He looks strong. There are many wrinkles around his eyes. Organisation: Ordering ideas DISCUSSION a. Here is a mind map. Mind map. This is a picture of a fisherman from Chile. Look at this picture.EXERCISE b. Who is the man? Where does he live? What does he do? Discuss with a partner. He has been fishing. You can draw more lines and circles on the mind map to use all of your information. Maybe his T-shirt is made out of fishing net. He has been fishing. Look at these two paragraphs about the fisherman: 1. EXERCISE b. His hair is grey. 2.page 29 . He has a grey beard and moustache. He is wearing black shorts and a Tshirt. RW 2 . face hair M. He is wearing black shorts and a Tshirt. This is a picture of a fisherman from Chile. but he looks strong. for example put all the adjectives about hair together. This man is very old. Maybe his T-shirt is made out of fishing net.
Topic sentences are very useful for organising paragraphs. e. Write a good topic sentence for your paragraph. Topic sentences BRAINSTORM a.page 30 . b) Soe Reh is one of the most handsome boys in our class. 3 a) That’s why I don’t like my brother. straight nose. 2 a) Jah Eh has grey eyes. b) My brother is really messy. Think about the person you will write about. O. because it tells us who the paragraph will be about. Look at these pairs of sentences.N. a square chin and a big. They tell the reader what the paragraph is about. and your mind map. EXERCISE c. What is the topic sentence for the paragraph on page 9? DISCUSSION b. 4 a) Naw Mu Mu has a very strong face. b) She is smart. b) Naw Mu Mu has a wide forehead. b) Jah Eh has an interesting face. Which one is a good topic sentence for a paragraph to describe somebody? Why? Decide with your partner. Which are better topic sentences? 1 a) My mother is a smart person. RW 2 .g. and write a paragraph. Look at the sentences. On your own ASSIGNMENT Use your topic sentence. a) He is one of the most handsome boys in our class. b) is a better topic sentence.
RW 2 . In this section of the module. Choose an adjective from your list to describe each person. EXERCISE b. How many character adjectives do you know? In a small group (4 or 5 people). Describing character BRAINSTORM a. we will look at describing people’s character. Describing People: Character A. but only for character traits that are spelled correctly. Look at the pictures below. brainstorm words to describe a person for 5 minutes.page 31 .11. Be careful! You will be given points.
Team crossword ACTIVITY Make two teams. Sort the adjectives below into state and manner.page 32 ACTIVITY .. you can help with spelling).it’s how you feel when you want something another person has. Team A: What’s 1 down? Team A: Is it ‘jealous?’ Team A: How do you spell it? Team A: Thanks! Team B: It’s a bad feeling. and tell the class. mime. They are always true for that person. ‘Manner’ adjectives describe somebody’s mood.finished crossword. Your teacher will give you a half. RW 2 . Describe yourself. They are true now.B. Do any of the state adjectives describe you? Which ones? c. but not always.. How do you feel at the moment? Think about it. you can explain. Team B: Yes! Team B: J-E-A-L-O-U-S Team B: What’s 3 across? When they ask you. Ask the other team for clues to complete your crossword. bored happy generous honest annoyed serious shy easygoing confused clever stupid excited glad embarrassed state manner Add two more state and two more manner adjectives. State and manner EXERCISE a. C. ‘State’ adjectives describe someone’s personality. or give synonyms (words that mean the same) or antonyms (words that mean the opposite). DON’T SAY THE WORD! (When the team has guessed the word correctly.. DISCUSSION b.
Use your dictionary to help you. Choose the 3 most important characteristics for these people: a) a teacher b) a medic c) a leader d) a parent RW 2 . Look at the words in the box. Look at your class list of characteristics. he only steals because of _______. With your partner. Write it in the correct column. My brother is always looking at himself in the mirror. He has enough money. (greed) 4. modesty kindness greedy vain mad happiness honesty sad adjective noun Challenge! Can you make a rule to tell the difference between nouns and adjectives like these? EXERCISE b.D. eg. (vanity) 3. (happiness) 2. Choose the correct form of the words in brackets to complete these sentences.” (honesty) 5 I think my father’s gone _______. you can trust me. (madness) E. What’s most important? EXERCISE a. I’m always _____________. try to write the other word form. he’s wearing my mother’s longyi. He’s so _________. Choosing the right husband or wife is important for your future _______. decide if the word is a noun or an adjective. (modesty) 1. Modest people don’t like to talk about themselves too much.page 33 . Next to it.”Really. Grammar Focus: Noun or adjective? EXERCISE a.
b. She’s very cheerful. a. ACTIVITY b. Look at these questions: 1. dark hair. and imagine the person’s personality. F. and she has very long. It’s (more) important for a teacher to be honest because. “What does __________ look like?” and “What’s ___________like?” You should look at the picture to describe the person’s appearance. Grammar focus: Like EXERCISE a. Try to convince them that your list is the best. Reading DISCUSSION a. or EXERCISE c.ACTIVITY b. Choose one job. Compare your answers in small groups. always smiling and laughing with her friends.are they correct? G. Look at the pictures and the information. What does Oo Meh look like? 2. What are they like? You will read a true story about the author’s grandmother and grandfather. Explain your choices to your classmates... Imagine what they will be like. Remember to make sentences like this: Honesty is (more) important in a teacher because. Remember to explain why these charcteristics are important.. and practice asking each other. RW 2 . Listen to each other’s answers .page 34 . Write 5 sentences about the important characteristics of someone with this job. She’s quite tall. What’s Oo Meh like? Do they have the same meaning? What answer does the questioner expect? Match the questions with the answers a and b. What do they look like? What are they like? Your teacher will give you some cards..
He said this was because he was a ‘scholar’. What’s the grandmother like? 2. Everyone in the restaurant surrounded my grandmother and asked her who had taught her karate. “Who else? My husband!” After that. She said. my grandmother had learned karate from my great-great uncle when she was a child.page 35 . How did the grandmother react to the man? The grandfather? What would you do in this situation? EXERCISE c. he was weaker than my grandmother. And whenever anyone bumped into him on the street. people treated him well. discuss these questions: 1. and grabbed my grandfather’s chopsticks. DISCUSSION b. not just the first paragraph.The Land I Lost by Huynh Quang Nhuong My grandmother really loved her husband. they bowed to my grandfather respectfully. 3. Also. In pairs or small groups. after that day. never laughed loudly. Whenever he went downtown. “Hey! Wet chicken! This is no place for a weakling!” My grandfather wanted to leave. What’s the grandfather like? For questions 1 and 2 use the information from the whole story. Are they similar or different to your grandparents? 4. Write your answer to two of these questions. The blow was so quick and powerful that he fell on the floor. my grandfather never had to worry again. My grandfather was very shy. Describe the other man’s personality. At first the man just said things like. Really. and always spoke very softly. my grandparents were in a restaurant when a man began to insult my grandfather. but my grandmother told him to sit down. The man got up. people thought that my grandfather knew karate very well but he didn’t use it because he was afraid of killing someone. RW 2 . She ignored the man and carried on eating. Soon after their wedding. moved over to my grandparent’s table. Anyway. Do you know anyone like this? Why do you think the man behaved the way he did? 5. My grandmother quickly took the chopsticks from him and hit the man’s cheekbone with her elbow. but he was completely different from her.
2. REVIEW b. These emperors were part of dynasties (a system of government where power is passed from one member of a family to the next). Irrelevant sentences can make your writing difficult to understand. Organisation: Irrelevant sentences EXERCISE a. She thinks we should forgive them. Between 1982 and 1987 British banks received over US$125 billion in debt-service payments from Latin America.g. I really like to spend time with my sister because she is nice to everyone. many tourists visited Latin America in the 1980’s. it doesn’t belong. My sister. In addition. 3. Look at the short paragraphs below. Ma Myint always helps me if I need money to buy clothes or something for school. Emperors believed they had been given power by heaven (the gods).page 36 . If a sentence is irrelevant. Member States of the UN provide troops who are sent to areas of the world where there is trouble. During the same period. direct British aid to Latin America was under 13 cents per person per year. For most of its’ history. Ma Myint.14. This is equal to every Latin American person paying US$64 a year to the banks. 1. e.G. too. Peace-keeping forces can be set up only when the countries who are fighting agree and when the Security Council supports the idea. is the kindest person I know. Look at the paragraph you wrote in 1. Cross it out. Are any sentences irrelevant? Do the sentences all relate to the topic? RW 2 . China had an imperial political system. One sentence in each paragraph is irrelevant. People are fighting in different places all over the world. Peace-keeping is one of the ways in which the United Nations tries to maintain peace and security around the world. even if they do something wrong. An emperor ruled the people. She doesn’t say nasty things about other people. My mother is nice. Now China is a republic with a communist government.
and cross out any ideas that are irrelevant. This is a woman. Where does the writer give examples? Can you find any extra details? BRAINSTORM b. Look at paragraph 2 again. She is kind. explain what they do to tell you they are shy.14. Use your topic sentence and mind map. She looks sad. Now look back at your mind map. On your own ASSIGNMENT a. 1. Her home was destroyed in a flood last year. Think of the person you described in 1. Think about her/his personality. Mind map. This is a woman from Peru.14. named Beatriz. Organisation: Expanding your ideas EXERCISE a.H. remember to explain your ideas. Are all of the ideas relevant? Number the circles in your mind map.she always gives them food if they are hungry. Make sure that you can justify (give examples or reasons for) all the adjectives and things you want to say. I. RW 2 . She has many wrinkles because her life has been very hard. Which paragraph do you like better? Why? Which paragraph tells you more about the woman? When you write your own paragraph. with the rest of her village. Look at these two paragraphs about the woman in the picture. from Peru. Extra details make your writing more interesting. Make a mind map to organise your ideas. Think about the person in 1. and write a second paragraph about someone you know. Write a topic sentence for your paragraph. but she is kind to all the children in the area .page 37 ASSIGNMENT . b. Beatriz is poor. 2. Her life has been very hard. If you say that someone is shy. What is their personality like? Brainstorm adjectives and ways to describe the person.
Describing People: Putting it Together A. Be careful: Do the question and answer use the same gender (he / she)? Do they really match? When you have found a match. Your teacher will give you either a question or an answer. seeks Sagittarian female. WLTM intelligent female 20-30. Mae Sot area. many interests. Photo ensures reply. B. we have used 2 questions to ask about people.page 38 . Can you remember them? What are the different meanings of the questions? There is one more important question we can use to ask about people: What does she like? What does he like? Can you think of a possible answer to this question? ACTIVITY b. PRETTY GOOD for 36. sit down with your partner. Box 5702 MAE KHON KA: Educated male. 29. fit. Box 4502 ARIES male. until you find the right answer. Personal ads DISCUSSION a. If you have a question. good company. asking it.12. and discuss. photo appreciated. In this module. Box 1603 INTELLIGENT successful attractive woman. WLTM male similar. go around your class. Matching questions and answers. Lively nice guy seeks woman. 40ish. sensitive. Box 5502 WHERE are the educated. interesting men (25-35) who’d like to spend time with an energetic lady who wants to have fun? Box 1103 INTELLIGENT? SENSITIVE? Sense of humour? Mature? If you have these qualities. 34. funny. Box 2107 RW 2 . Questions BRAINSTORM a. 2 pretty young women would like to hear from you. look at the advertisements below. What is a personal ad? How do people usually meet boyfriends and girlfriends? Is it easy to meet someone? Have you ever heard of a personal ad (advertisement)? In pairs. handsomish.
page 39 . Check your understanding. Is the advert with Box 1103 written by a man or a woman? 4.EXERCISE b. Write the box numbers: eg. You can make notes if you like. When you have finished talking about all of these questions. What kind of house do they live in? 5. How old are they? 4. Who is the person? What’s their name? 2. a) Who is looking for a woman born in December? b) Who is looking for an educated man? c) Who wants to meet a woman in her 20s? d) Which advert did 2 people write? ___________ e) Who wants to meet somebody with the same character traits as them? ___ _ C. What’s their job? 3. What are their interests? 6. your teacher will stick the pictures and the personal ads on the whiteboard and the walls of your class. Don’t forget the box number! When you have finished. What does “photo ensures reply” mean? 3. write a personal advert for the person. 1. Which advert was written by an active man? 1603 _____ _____ ___ _____ __________ . Think of three things the person dislikes. RW 2 . Imagining people DISCUSSION a. Your teacher will give you a picture. Think of three adjectives to describe their personality. Use your imagination! Talk about all of these questions: 1. What does “WLTM” stand for? 2. but you don’t have to write answers to the questions. Read the ads and try to match them with the pictures. 8. discuss the person in the picture. 7. Think of three things the person likes. ACTIVITY b. With your partner.
Ask the questions you have written down. Pretend you are that person. make a story to explain this picture. Work in pairs. Remember to be polite. but try to get as much information about the men and their lives as possible. Choose one of the following exercises: 1. Write about their life and personality.page 40 . ACTIVITY REVIEW d. A: You are the interviewer in the picture. Interviews ACTIVITY a. BRAINSTORM b. Choose one of the characters in the interview. Write a transcript of your interview.D. or 2. What is happening in this picture? Who are they? Together with your class. It doesn’t matter if your answers are silly or serious. or 3. brainstorm questions the interviewer might ask. Roleplay. Work in pairs. c. You are the interviewer in this photograph. B: You are one of the men in the picture. and write a journal entry about your day RW 2 . Listen to the interviewer’s questions and try to answer them. but you must answer as if you are one of the men in the photo. Together. Choose one of the characters in the interview.
job.g. finding irrelevant sentences ??? F. It could be: ..g. age. comparatives e. character traits.Someone from a picture If you choose a picture.g. Try to think of a describing people adjective that begins with each letter. Final writing assignment ASSIGNMENT For your final writing assignment.page 41 . you’ll have to imagine their name. G. eyelashes e. Good luck! RW 2 . you will write about one more person. etc.E.Someone famous who you know about ..Someone you know . A-Z adjectives REVIEW Your teacher will write the letters A-Z on the board. What have you learned in this module? Remember what you’ve learnt so far – what topics were covered in this module? REVIEW Put the things you have learnt into the following categories: vocabulary grammar mechanics other e.
There are only a few kiwis in New Zealand now.Making an s/v mark beside these mistakes . Read this text about kiwis. What are parts of speech? What parts of speech do you know? Think of some examples of each. RW 2 . People never see them. Each foot has four toes. In this module. The government says that people cannot kill kiwis. we will look at parts of speech. b. A kiwi likes a lot of trees around it. It sleeps during the day because bright sunlight hurts its eyes. New Zealanders want their kiwis to live. The kiwi is the same size as a chicken. What do you know? BRAINSTORM a. A. and how to identify mistakes. It does not have any feathers like other birds.13. The kiwi’s eggs are very big. It is the only bird in the world that can smell things. It has no wings or tail. Its beak (mouth) is very long. It has grey hair on its body. Kiwis’ feet are very strong. People from New Zealand are sometimes called kiwis.page 42 . In pairs. It can smell things with its nose.Correcting these mistakes. There is a picture of a kiwi on New Zealand money. It is a very strange bird because it cannot fly. Checking your writing: Parts of speech In Module 1 (Describing Pictures) you looked at subject / verb agreement: . answer this question: What is unusual about the kiwi? EXERCISE The Kiwi The kiwi lives only in New Zealand.Identifying mistakes in subject / verb agreement .
It is the only bird in the _____ that can smell things.EXERCISE c. kiwi long strange bright fly hurts cannot size smells want people wings big grey likes beak see things New government sunlight kiwi beak fly hurts long strange What is the name of each group? How did you decide which group each word belongs to? EXERCISE d. The _____ lives only in New Zealand. Its _____ is very long. A kiwi likes a lot of _____ around it. Kiwi’s feet are very strong. Fill in the blanks without looking at the text. The kiwi’s _____ are very big. The kiwi is the same size as a _____. It has gray hair on its _____. What kinds of words are omitted? RW 2 . It does not have any _____ like other birds. It can smell things with its _____. It sleeps during the _____ because bright sunlight hurts its eyes.page 43 . It is a very strange _____ because it cannot fly. It has no _____ or tail. Put these words from the text into the three groups below. Each ____ has four toes.
page 44 . At the North Pole there is only snow. The polar bear lives in the snow and ice. There are no polar bears at the South Pole. You have five minutes to write the nouns. The governments of Canada. and Russia say that no one can kill polar bears now. We call it the polar bear because it lives inside the Arctic Circle near the North Pole. and water. It can swim 120 kilometers out into the water. It goes into the sea when it is afraid. It can stand up on its back legs because it has very wide feet. Circle all the prepositions in the text. Classify the parts of speech ACTIVITY a. Read the text again and look for prepositions. Read the text. There is not any land. noun adjective verb EXERCISE b. It catches fish and sea animals for food. People like to kill the polar bear for its beautiful white coat. It has a very warm coat because the weather is cold north of the Arctic Circle. verbs and adjectives from the text into the correct columns. the United States. This bear is three meters long and it weighs 450 kilos. How many did you find? RW 2 . They do not want all of these beautiful animals to die. You cannot see the polar bear in the snow because its coat is yellow-white. ice. The polar bear can swim very well.B. The Polar Bear The polar bear is a very big white bear.
It lives in the _____ snow and ice. verb C. What is the word order? What comes first? Now find all adjectives. Where is the adjective placed in the sentence? Adjectives Adjectives can come after the verb ‘to be’: The polar bear subject is verb big . adjective or before the noun: The yellow-white adjective fur subject is difficult to see on the snow. 4. Work in groups. 5.EXERCISE c. Don’t look at the text! what it eats big what it looks like polar bear yellow-white fur where it lives ACTIVITY d. Write as many sentences about the polar bear as you can in three minutes. Look at your sentences and find the subject and the verb in each. It can _____ up on its back legs. _____ often kill polar bears for their beautiful coats It weighs 450 _____. 2.page 45 . This bear has a very _____ coat. Identify the mistakes EXERCISE a. How can you tell which part of speech is missing? RW 2 . 3. What can you remember about the polar bear? Complete the mind-map. Which part of speech is missing? 1. 6. The polar bear _____ a very big white bear.
ACTIVITY e. If it has a mistake. ‘Sailors have a difficult and dangerous life. Look at the writing assignment you did on page 19. Because I loved him. Some of these sentences have mistakes with incorrect parts of speech. 6. Give these to another student to identify the missing parts of speech. Write as much as you can in 5 minutes about yourself. I wanted adventure and an exciting dangerous. 1. but he came to live and work in England. write a ww (wrong word): ww : I bicycle going to school.’ my said. Now re-write your assignment. Go through the writing and check for incorrect parts of speech. 7. make a pointer sign I going to school. If it is the wrong part of speech. he my mother. Give the writing back to your partner. 3. and give it to your teacher. Give your writing to another student. who was English. ‘Please don’t go. ASSIGNMENT f. ‘I want to be a sailor and go to sea. Is s/he correct? EXERCISE c. I tried to forget about the sea. RW 2 . and I went to a good school. 4. in the crowded of York in England. He wanted me to get a good job and live a house. and write ww. and missing words.your appearance and character. circle it. If the sentence is correct. But I didn’t want that. Soon after that. 5. My father was German. What type of mistakes are they? If there is a missing word. Write a pointer if there is a missing word. Circle all the incorrect parts of speech. 9.ACTIVITY b. My father did well in his business. 10. Before I begin my story. I would to tell you a little about myself.’ 11. Look at the sentences in a. Correct your mistakes. and he was unhappy. Read your partner’s writing. Think about yourself . I was born in the year 1632. 2. EXERCISE d. Write some sentences with missing words.page 46 .’ I told my parents. tick it. comfortable life. 8.
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