You are on page 1of 21

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

Using SAP2000

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building


Using SAP2000
Table of Content
Objective................................................................................................................................................3 Problem .................................................................................................................................................3

Modeling, Dynamic Analysis of RC Building .....................6


Step-by-Step Solution .........................................................................................................................6 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Start Model from Template................................................................................ 6 Define Material Properties................................................................................. 8 Define Frame Sections....................................................................................... 9 Define Slab Sections........................................................................................ 12 Define Load Cases ........................................................................................... 13 Modify Frame .................................................................................................. 14 Copy Floor 1 to Floor 2-5 ................................................................................ 18 Assign Slab Loads ........................................................................................... 19 Assign Beam Loads ......................................................................................... 20 Assign Dynamic Loads................................................................................ 21 Start Analysis............................................................................................... 21

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

2/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Objective
To demonstrate and practice step-by-step on the modeling, dynamic analysis and design of 5 story reinforced concrete building.

Problem
Part A: Carry out the modeling, dynamic analysis and design of 5 story reinforced concrete building subjected to static loads (UBC94 response spectrum load in Y direction). Material Properties Strength of concrete (Fc) Yield strength of main reinforcement (Fy) Yield strength of shear reinforcement (Fys) Young Modulus of concrete ( Ec) Loading Load Cases
DEAD SUPERDL LIVE SPEC1 (for Part B)

= 4 ksi = 60 ksi = 60 ksi = 3600 ksi

Type
Dead load Dead load Live load Dynamic load

Details
Use Self Weight Multiplier Slabs: 35 psf Beams: 250 plf Slab: 100 psf UBC94 response spectrum in Y direction

Slab Section Reinforced concrete solid slab, thickness = 6 inch

Frame Sections

20"

24"

20"

12"

C olum n (C 1)

B eam (B 1)

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

3/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

3D View of the building

Plan and Elevation View Plan View at Roof Foor


A B C D

20'

20'

20'

C1

C1 B1 B1

C1

B1

B1

20'

C1

C1 B1 B1

B1
C1 B1

C1

B1

B1

B1

20'

C1

C1 B1 B1

C1 B1

C1

B1

B1

B1

20'

C1

C1

C1

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

B1

B1

4/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Elevation At Grid Lines 2, 3, 4, A, B and C


20' Story 5 B1 20' B1 20' B1

12'

C1 B1

C1 B1

C1 B1

C1

Story 4

12'

C1 B1

C1 B1

C1 B1

C1

Story 3

12'

C1 B1

C1 B1

C1 B1

C1

Story 2

12'

C1 B1

C1 B1

C1 B1

C1

Story 1

12'

C1

C1

C1

C1

Base

Elevation at Grid Line 1 and D


20' Story 5 B1 20' B1

12'

C1 B1

C1 B1

C1

Story 4

12'

C1 B1

C1 B1

C1

Story 3

12'

C1 B1

C1 B1

C1

Story 2

12'

C1 B1

C1 B1

C1

Story 1

12'

C1

C1

C1

Base

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

5/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Modeling, Dynamic Analysis of RC Building


Step-by-Step Solution
1. Start Model from Template
Only one floor frame will be created by template and will be copied to the remaining floors after started floor has been modified already.

Step 1-1: Start SAP2000 by clicking on the appropriate desktop shortcut or by selecting sAP2000 from your Windows Start menu. Select Kip-in from drop-down menu box in bottom-right screen. Go to File > New Model from Template and select space frame template as shown in above figure.

Step 1-2: Specify parameter as shown in above figure and click OK.

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

6/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Step 1-3: After clicking OK, SAP2000 creates space frame based on the parameters specified in the previous step and displays in Plan View and 3-D View window.

Step 1-4: Save the project by clicking on or File > Save from main menu, enter File name = "SAP2000_ex06" and click Save.

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

7/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

2. Define Material Properties


Default concrete material (CONC) has been used for this example.

Step 2-1: Go to Define > Material Properties in main menu. Select CONC and click on Modify/Show Material to view/revise the material properties.

Step 2-2: Accept the default properties by clicking Cancel or OK 2 times

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

8/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

3. Define Frame Sections


2 concrete frame sections (B1 for rectangular beams and C1 for circle columns) need to be defined for this example. Check the dimensions at Problem Statement part at the beginning of the example.

Step 3-1: Go to Define > Frame Sections in main menu to start frame section definition properties editor. Select Add Rectangular from second drop-down menu to add rectangular beam.

Step 3-2: Enter B1 as Section Name as shown in the above figure and accept the other data. Click on Reinforcement to specify reinforcement data.

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

9/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Step 3-3: Select Design Type = Beam and click OK 2 times to go back to Define Frame Properties window.

Step 3-4: The Define Frame Sections window shows B1 section added in the list. Select Add Circle from second drop-down menu to add column section.

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

10/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Step 3-5: Enter C1 section properties as shown in above figure, accept other data and click on Reinforcement button to specify reinforcement data.

Step 3-6: In Design Type area select Design Type = Column. Clicking OK 2 times to finish this step.

Step 3-7: Define Frame Properties dialogue shows C1 section in list. Click OK to go back to main screen, which completes the Frame Section Definition steps.

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

11/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

4. Define Slab Sections

Step 4-1: Go to Define > Shell Sections menu command. Click on Add New Section and enter Section Name and Thickness. Click on OK.

Step 4-2: The Define Shell Sections window shows SLAB1 section added in the list. Click on OK to end this step.

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

12/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

5. Define Load Cases

Step 5-1: Go to Define > Static Load Cases. 1 load case named LOAD1 has been defined as default. Enter Load = DL and click Change Load to change load case name.

Step 5-2: Define LL load case by entering parameter as shown in above figure and clicking Add New Load.

Step 5-3: Enter parameter as shown in above figure to add SUPERDL load case and click Add New Load. Click OK to end this step.

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

13/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

6. Modify Frame

Step 6-1 Delete 2 Beams and 1 Column at Corner: Close X-Y View window by clicking on at the top-right of this window. Click on 2 beams and 1 column at the corner as shown in above figure (selection status will display 3 Frames selected and click on Delete at the keyboard.

Step 6-2 Add Shell Sections: Change view to X-Y view by clicking on and click on slab area one by one.

. Select

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

14/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Step 6-3 Assign Shell Section Property: Click on and draw selection rectangular to cover all model (selection status = 15 Joints, 22 Frames, 8 Shells selected), and select SLAB1 and click OK. SLAB1 property will be assigned in click on every slab panel. Click on to return to normal display mode.

Step 6-4 Assign B1 Frame Section Property: Click on tion. Click on , select B1 and click on OK.

to get previous selec-

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

15/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Step 6-5 Select all Columns: Change view to 3-D view by clicking on . In 3-D View shows all columns are FSEC1 section property as default from template. Go to Select > Select > Frame Sections, select FSEC1 and click Ok.

Step 6-6 Assign C1 Section Property: Click on OK.

, select B1 and click on

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

16/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

Step 6-7 Mesh Slab Areas: Click on to select all members in model and go to Edit > Mesh Shells. Enter Mesh into 4 by 4 Shells and click OK.

Step 6-8 Divide Frame Elements: Click on to select all members in model and go to Edit > Divide Frames. Select Break at intersections with selected Frames and Joints and click OK.

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

17/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

7. Copy Floor 1 to Floor 2-5

Step 7-1: Click on to select all members in model and go to Edit > Replicate. Enter Z = 144, Number = 4 and click OK.

Step 7-2: Click on

to remove all section labels

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

18/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

8. Assign Slab Loads

Step 8-1 Select All Slab Panels: Change working unit to lb-ft.

Step 8-2 Assign LL load for Slabs: click on to select all members. Click on , enter parameter as shown above figure and click OK. (load value will be positive for downward in Gravity direction.

Step 8-3 Assign LL load for Slabs: click on to select all members. Click on , enter parameter as shown above figure and click OK. (load value will be positive for downward in Gravity direction.

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

19/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

9. Assign Beam Loads

Step 9-1 Select All Beams: Go to Select > Select > Frame Sections, select B1 and click OK.

Step 9-2 Assign Uniform Beam Loads: Click on above figure and click OK.

, enter parameter as shown in

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

20/ 21

SAP2000 Tutorial Example

ACECOMS, AIT

10.

Assign Dynamic Loads

Step 10-1: Go to Define > Response Spectrum Cases and click on Add New Spectra. Enter parameter as shown in above figure and click OK 2 times.

11.

Start Analysis

Step 11-1: Start analysis by clicking ANALYSIS COMPLETE

and wait until analysis status report

Note: Viewing Analysis Results, Carrying Out Design, Viewing Design Results and Printing Input/ Output Procedures are same as Previous Example

Analysis and Design of 3D RC Building

21/ 21