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Chapter 1

THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction Barangay justice system has its roots during the time where the barangay was ruled by a Datu as he acted as the judge that renders decision when there is a dispute between and among the inhabitants of the barangay. As civilization developed, comes the establishment of formal government which is divided it into three divisions namely the Executive, the Legislative and the Judiciary. The judiciary dispenses the justice through the application and interpretation of applicable laws, which,because of some technicalities were not decided immediately. As a result, the dockets of our courts are clogged with pending cases. The Barangay Justice System or the KatarungangPambarangaywas established through the enactment of Presidential Decree No. 1508, aims to declogged the judiciary from cases that may be subject to amicable settlement. It is a barangay justice system which offers accessible, fast and inexpensive way of settling disputes.By the passage of the Local Government Code of 1991, the KatarungangPambarangay law was strengthened and institutionalized in the barangay through its provision. As the smallest political unit, the barangay is in the frontline of the government in terms of providing services, including among others, the access to dispute resolution through the KatarungangPambarangay.All barangays in every

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municipality in the country has its own KatarungangPambarangay. The municipality of Siniloan, Laguna has twenty (20) barangays that implement the KatarungangPambarangay in their own locality. It is an interesting subject of study how the KatarungangPambarangay in SIniloan, Laguna is being implemented by the different barangays. Background of the Study The administration of justice is one of the basic services of the government for its constituents. It must be accessible to everyone seeking for it. As the most basic political unit, the barangay is the first in the hierarchy in the administration of justice. The establishment of KatarungangPambarangay System fulfills this function. The LupongTagapamayapais the main implementors the

KatarungangPambarangay through the leadership of the Barangay Chairman. The Local Government Code of 1991 provides:
“Section 399.LupongTagapamayapa. (a) There is hereby created in each barangay a lupongtagapamayapa, hereinafter referred to as the lupon, composed of the punong barangay, as chairman and ten (10) to twenty (20) members. The lupon shall be constituted every three (3) years in the manner provided herein.”

The functions of the LupongTagapamayapa are provided in Section 402 of the same act:
“The lupon shall: (a) Exercise administrative supervision over the conciliation panels provided herein; (b) Meet regularly once a month to provide a forum for exchange of ideas among its members and the public on matters relevant to the amicable settlement of disputes, and to enable various conciliation panel members to share with one another their observations and experiences in effecting speedy resolution of disputes; and

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(c) Exercise such other powers and perform such other duties and functions as may be prescribed by law or ordinance.”

The law now mandates the municipality for the effective and efficient implementation of the KatarungangPambarangay by providing trainings for the development and enhancement of skills of the KatarungangPambarangay members in settling disputes as well as financial assistance for the administration of the barangay justice system. It is interesting to undertake a study on how effective the implementorsof the KatarungangPambarangay carry out their functions and at the same time carry out their main function as provided for by law. By the passage of Republic Act 7160 otherwise known as ”The Local Government Code of the Philippines”, the KatarungangPambarangay was given a new mandate and has expanded the cases it covers. The law provides in Section 412. Conciliation:
“(a) Pre-condition to Filing of Complaint in Court. - No complaint, petition, action, or proceeding involving any matter within the authority of the lupon shall be filed or instituted directly in court or any other government office for adjudication, unless there has been a confrontation between the parties before the lupon chairman or the pangkat, and that no conciliation or settlement has been reached as certified by the lupon secretary or pangkat secretary as attested to by the lupon or pangkat chairman or unless the settlement has been repudiated by the parties thereto.”

All cases covered by the KatarungangPambarangay must be brought first to the Barangay concerned and must undergo conciliation proceedings before it can prosper into a full blown case in court.

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The assessment of the performance of the KatarungangPambarangay is necessary in order to provide inputs for the government process and policy improvement. This study is undertaken to assess the KatarungangPambarangay System as implemented in the Municipality of Siniloan, Laguna so as to provide inputs for policy enhancement. Theoretical framework Procedural justice refers to the idea of fairness in the processes that resolves disputes and allocates resources. One aspect of procedural justice is related to discussions of the administration of justice and legal proceedings. This sense of procedural justice is connected to due process (U.S.), fundamental justice (Canada), procedural fairness (Australia), and natural justice (other Common law jurisdictions), but the idea of procedural justice can also be applied to non-legal contexts in which some process is employed to resolve conflict or divide benefits or burdens.( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Procedural_justice) The researcher holds the view that the KatarungangPambarangay is widely adhered and attended to by the people as this effectively facilitates settlement of disputes among barangay residents because to them it is easier to achieve justice and resolve conflict through the KatarungangPambarangay. The Law of Composition as cited by Escoses(2012) calls for the amicable settlement between parties and pacific settlement of disputes which the KatarungangPambarangaySystem is patterned from. The

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KatarungangPambarangayencourages the peaceful settlement of disputes in the barangay level.

Conceptual Framework The demographic profile of Lupon members and compliance to the procedures in settling disputes as provided for by law affects the performance of the Katarungang Pambarangay and will result to the effective administration of justice in the barangay level specifically the settlement of disputes and satisfaction of clients with less cases to be indorsed to the regular courts. The conceptual framework of the study is depicted in the following paradigm. IV
Implementation of KatarungangPambarangay  Demographic Profile o Age o Gender o Educational Attainment o Seminar/Training of KP Member Attended o Length of Service Compliance to procedures o Receiving of Complaints o Issuance of summons o Conciliation o Settlement and Awards o Execution Level of Performance of KatarungangPambarangay   Effective Settlement of Disputes Satisfaction of Complainant and Respondents Indorsement of Unsettled Cases to regular Courts

DV

Effective Settlement of Disputes 3.3. Educational Attainment 1.2.2.1. Conduct of Conciliation 2.1.5. Seminar/Trainings Attended 1. Receiving Complaints 2. What is the demographic profile of the members of the LupongTagapamayapa in terms of: 1.3. What is the level of performance level of KatarungangPambarangay as to: 3. Laguna.1. year 2012. it seeks to answer the following questions: 1. Execution 3. Indorsement of Unsettled Cases to Courts . Settlement and Awards 2.4.3. Years of Service 2.2. Age 1. Gender 1.4. Issuance of Summons 2. Specifically. Satisfaction of Clients 3. What is the level of compliance to procedure of the KatarungangPambarangay in terms of: 2.6 Statement of the Problem The study aims to make an assessment ofthe performance of KatarungangPambarangay in the Municipality of Siniloan.5.

2.1. Indorsement of Unsettled Cases to Courts 5.3. Indorsement of Unsettled Cases to Courts Definition of Terms. The following terms are defined operationally in order to give the readers a clearer understanding of this research: Compliance to procedures. Effective Settlement of Disputes 5. Satisfaction of Clients 5. Effective Settlement of Disputes. The successful settlement of controversies brought to the KatarungangPambarangay.7 4. Do the implementation of KatarungangPambarangay in terms of demographic profile affects the performance of the members of the LupongTagapamayapa as to: 4.3.2. Complainants or respondents in a dispute brought in the KatarungangPambarangay. . Is the compliance to procedure of the LupongTagapamayapa has a significant effect on the performance of the KatarungangPambarangay as to: 5. Effective Settlement of Disputes 4.1. The observance of procedures in settling disputes as stated in the Implementing Rules of KatarungangPambarangay Clients. Satisfaction of Clients 4.

The issuance of authority to file action to the appropriate court issued by the LuponTagapamaya after the mediation and conciliation failed.Seminars/training attended by the LupongTagapamayapa members. Conciliation/Mediation/Arbitration.The act of settling controversies or complaints in theKatarungangPambarangay.The level of satisfaction or contentment of clients of the KatarungangPambarangay regarding the adherence to procedure and effective settlement of disputes. . Execution.8 Indorsement of Unsettled Cases to regular Courts. Receiving of Complaints and Issuance of summons.The act of carrying out or putting into effect what is agreed upon.The agreement reached between the parties with the view of ending the conflicts. Training of KP Member. Satisfaction of Complainant and Respondents. Settlement and Awards.The act of receiving complaints from clientsand notifying theotherparty of the complaint against him.

Performance of the KatarungangPambarangay Effective Settlement of Disputes Effective settlement of disputes is one of the main reasons why residents bring their disputes in the KatarungangPambarangay where it can be given immediate action and result. Local Government Code of 1991)” Alangwai (1996) found out that the number of disputes amicably settled was affected by the knowledge of Lupon members of the Barangay Justice Law Strategies.The amicable settlement and arbitration award shall have the force and effect of a final judgment of a court upon the expiration of ten (10) days from the date thereof. though not amply provided with administrative support from the municipal level. unless repudiation of the settlement has been made or a petition to nullify the award has been filed before the proper city or municipal court. . The study of Miguel revealed the same finding that the KatarungangPambarangay. . The amicable settlement and arbitration awards in the KatarungangPambarangay has the following effect: “Effect of Amicable Settlement and Arbitration Award.9 Chapter 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE This chapter presents the studies and works that are related to the present study. and the availability of time of lupon members as well as the logistics and technical support from the national and local governments.”(Section -__. was effectively carried out in the barangays of Monte Vista.

and immediate action on the disputes is made. Reyes (1995) further stated that. Thus. failure to study issues.10 According to Reyes (1995) regardless of the services rendered and the language used during conciliation. the schedule is convenient. cases involve both civil and criminal. but the respondents considered those factors are seldom obstructive. amicable settlement of disputes is always possible where the places of hearing is accessible to the parties. In addition to the above factors that affect immediate resolution of disputes. the punong barangay/ pangkat are accorded with respect. Satisfaction of Complainant and Respondents The main tool in determining if the KatarungangPambarangayserves its purpose is to determine the satisfaction level of clients. delay in setting cases for hearing and failure to make speedy settlement of cases are generally considered as obstructive factors. Therefore. and the process of settlement is dependent on the gravity of the case and the willingness of the disputants to concile. the presence of those factors would not deter the amicable settlement of disputes. According to the Barangay Secretary of Bahay Toro. De Jesus (2011) found that the prompt settlement of disputes is relative to the type of case at hand. A survey conducted in the municipality of Barobo. Surigao Del Sur reveals that litigants' (both . Nacionales (1989) concluded that the socio-economic status of the disputants affect the settlement of disputes. acquired learning and skills from the training does not guarantee expediting of resolution of disputes. mistrust.

(http://www. The Lupon members were also polite in serving the invitation for the settlement.mysmartschools. 98% are satisfied by the assistance provided by Lupon members. net satisfaction ratings from lawyers is -16 in National Capital Region. This particularly confirms the importance of the system to vulnerable groups.ph/web/lupongtagapamayapa/focus5/f5. Advisers from both parties led them into fair decisions. They noted that they were even offered free ride through the barangay vehicle. The respondents are satisfied with the result of settlement because according to them. -5 in Cebu and . During the 1999 survey as cited by Barraca. Most of the dissatisfied respondents were those from cases who were not settled amicably and forwarded to higher court. greater satisfaction was observed among complainants belonging to the poorest class compared to those from the higher economic classes. Most of those who are satisfied with the system indicated case settlement as their primary reason. For instance.htm) Miguel (2004) found out that the clients of KP in the municipality of Monte Vista.11 complainants and accused) satisfaction rate on 3 significant indicators. Even the respondents who were accused said that they were well represented by a lupon member who served as their adviser.. Compostela Valley were satisfied with the way their complaints were disposed of. In contrast to the general public. As of Lupon's fairness in handling the case. -23 in Pangasinan. lawyers are less satisfied with the KP based on SWS survey results in 1995-1996. et al (2009). 98% of the respondents were satisfied. they came up with an amicable settlement based on the consensus of both parties.

681 reported cases filed before the Lupons all over the country from 1980-2008. petition. It is relevant to the present study for purposes of comparing the satisfaction level of the clients of katarungangPambarangay of Siniloan.Conciliation.873. .311 cases were settled at the barangay level. repudiated. action. or proceeding involving any matter within the . -53. The different studies cited were reflection of the varied level of satisfaction of clients KatarungangPambarangay of different places. i. (a) Pre-condition to Filing of Complaint in Court.No complaint. however.(Bonifacio. net satisfaction rating from judges is even lower. The remaining 15% of the cases were dismissed. Only 6% of the total or 369. he also concluded that there was a strong preference among residents to settle their disputes informally through arbitration. Results of SWS surveys in subsequent years.108 cases were certified for filing before judicial courts. In the same study byNacionales (1989) cited earlier.12 +12 in Davao. et al. thus discouraging them from bringing their cases to the judiciary.187. or remained pending. et al (2009) shows that out of the total 6. showed that net satisfaction ratings from judges have gradually improved. 2008) Likewise the Local Government Code of 1991 provides: “Section 412..e. 79% or 4. During the same survey. The members of the Barangay believe that the Barangay Justice System has the capability of resolving conflicts and is effective. Indorsement of Unsettled Cases to Regular Courts The 2009 national summary report from the DILG Bureau of Local Government Supervision as cited by Barraca.

and that no conciliation or settlement has been reached as certified by the lupon secretary or pangkat secretary as attested to by the lupon or pangkat chairman or unless the settlement has been repudiated by the parties thereto. . regulations and policies. competence and decision making. Uri as cited by Isles(2003) considers that the older the teacher and the longer her experience the greater the probability of improving her competence and greater degree of morale as her positive response to the productive leadership of the Administration. The study of Mendinueto as cited by Luna (2004) had the same findings as that of Uri where it revealed that the older the administrator. The abo-cited literatures are relevant to the present study as it present the procedure before a complainant may go to court for those cases covered by the KatarungangPambarangay. Demographic Profile Age Several studies have been conducted to determine the relation of age with job performance.” It is clear in the provision of the law that it is mandatory for the complainant and respondent to appear before the Lupon Chairman for mediation and that no conciliation was reached.13 authority of the lupon shall be filed or instituted directly in court or any other government office for adjudication. unless there has been a confrontation between the parties before the lupon chairman or the pangkat. Bautista as cited by Luna (2004) found that age is a significant determinant of faculty performance in extension services. the more likely his decision be in accordance with established rules.

the term may refer to such concepts as sex (as in the . the greater is his score in Executive Professional Leadership.thesisabstracts.com/ThesisAbstract_494_Personality-Traits-OfTeachers-And-Level--Of-Environmental-Concerns--. his physical health deteriorates.14 Likewise. In contrast with the studies of Calaramo and Mendenueto. Gender Gender is a range of characteristics of femininity and masculinity. nor this variable was a predictor of the teachers’ level of awareness on environmental concerns.found out that as a person grows in age.html) The cited literatures have bearings in the present study in the sense that the members of the LupongTagapamayapa of different KAtarungangPambarangay in Siniloan belong to different age group. But as a person grows older his experiences also increases. action prone. Younger administrator tends to be more innovative. (http://www. Depending on the context. A middle-aged teacher may lack physical stamina and energy of a young teacher but because of his accumulated knowledge and tested experience he is in a better position to guide. Miller as cited by Luna (2004) observed that the younger the principal. In a study in Misamis University that looked into the relation of personality traits of teachers and their level of environmental concerns revealed that age teachers cannot be considered significant aspects of the teacher’s different levels of personality traits. committed to citizen participation in decision making and locally oriented. Calaramo(2003). enlighten and lead the learners.

. and gender.thesisabstracts.org/wiki/Gender) A research in Misamis University cited earlier revealed that sex of teachers cannot be considered significant aspects of the teacher’s different levels of personality traits. (http://www. nor these variables were predictors of the teachers’ level of awareness on environmental concerns. social roles (as in gender roles) or gender identity.thesisabstracts.wikipedia.com/ThesisAbstract_494_Personality-Traits-OfTeachers-And-Level--Of-Environmental-Concerns--.html) Hutauruk (2007) in his study of the relation administrator and teachers relationship in teachers performance it revealed that gender significantly contribute to knowledge of subject matter and teaching performance. qualifications and gender with professional attitudes and performance of Directors of Physical Education working in government colleges of North West Frontier Pakistan it was found out that no significant relationships exist between performance (Professional and Personal Qualities) aspects of Directors of Physical Education with their experience. (http://en. (http://www.com/ThesisAbstract_373_Relationship-amongQualifications-Experience-Gender-Professional-Attitudes-and-Performance-ofDirectors-of-Physical-Education-in-Administration-of-Sports-Activities-inGovernment-Colleges. qualifications.15 general state of being male or female).html) In a study that aims to investigate the relationship of experience.

with master’s units. women demonstrated higher perceived competency demands across administrative roles. The members of LupongTagapamayapa PangkatnaTagapagkasundoperformsomewhat related functions as they administer the barangay justice system in their respective barangays. Also women scored significantly higher on peoplerelated and cognitive competencies and attributes. The study conducted by Ester as cited by Luna (2004) explores the differences and similarities on how women and men administrators view competency demands of their jobs. While most differences were statistically insignificant. administration and problem solving abilities of men and women managers and and teachers. De Leon as cited by Capuno (2004). The cited literatures and study is related to the present undertaking as it explores the differences in planning. with doctorate units. Educational Attainment According to Resuelo(2002). stated that most of the writers revealed that the educational attainment and supervisory experience have a . or doctoral degree. while the few areas which men were higher are related to thing and conflict.16 Rosales-Maniago(2004) found out that gender of the principal is one of the variables to predict the extent of planning and is a positive determinants of the planning process. educational attainment refers to the degree of a course completed by the respondents whether bachelor’s degree. with master’s degree.

The educational attainment of the secular group greatly affected the teaching competencies of Arabic teachers such as: classroom management.com/documents/College_Of_Teacher_Education_1325748358.eisrjc. Labawig concluded that educational attainment and professional experience had little effect on the leadership effectiveness of barangay captains along communication. . decision making and evaluation of performance and feedback.(Endrez 2005) Findings also revealed that there is no significant relationship betweenleadership effectiveness along decision making and educational attainment andprofessional experience while the qualification on length of service yields a significantrelationship. pdf). educational attainment and professional experience wasweak and not significant. lesson planning and personal and professional characteristics. Sison cited by Paguyo (2003) found the positive effect of educational attainment on performance. The three attributes of qualifications namely educational attainment. With regards to the relationship between leadership effectiveness and theirskills in evaluation and feedback. coordinating and support. professional experience and length of service do not influence the degree of seriousness of problems encountered by barangay captains along project implementation. (http://www.17 significant influence on the performance of the administrative leadership and personnel management.

and workshops are strongly encouraged in the members of the Lupon. The training is commonly conducted in two days. .” The DILG provides the technical assistance for the KatarungangPambarangay training.(Codamon. consisting of lecture-discussions. The Punong Barangay is the one requesting to hold the training. The same study revealed that KatarungangPambarangayTraining had helped the Lupon in increasing the proportion of resolved cases in the barangays. 2011). open forums. and role-playing for dispute mediations. seminars. but the schedule and venue is determined by the conducting Barangay. (Codamon. as the case may be. Rules and Regulations. The Secretary of Justice shall promulgate the rules and regulations necessary to implement this Chapter. This is because of the knowledge the respondents have learned from the training. and the attitudes they have gained. as per the need of the barangay and availability of budget. The National Government through the DILG and the Local Government endeavors to provide the necessary training for the Lupon members as the Local Government Code stated in in Section 421. . 2011). et al (2009) of UP College of Law Students has the same findings as that of the above and revealed that attendance and participation in government-provided and NGO-organized trainings.18 Seminar/Trainings Attended The members of LupongTagapamayapamust be given trainings to develop and enhance such skills in order to carry out their duties and functions to meet the demands of administering justice. shall see to the efficient and effective implementation and administration of the katarungangpambarangay. A study by Barraca. along with the skills they have acquired and eventually developed. “Administration.The city or municipal mayor.

Other training areas outside of KP system were also identified by theimplementors.A number of respondents put high priority on Barangay Administration & Governance.19 However.Additional training identified by the implementors based on their needs are: (a) Operations and Management (b) Rental Law (c) Public Administration (d) Human Relations (e) Children’s Rights (f) Gender/Women’s Rights (g) New Family Code . in a study of conducted by the Gerry Roxas Foundation(2006) several training programs were recommended by the Lupon Chairman. Lupon Members. and Lupon Secretaryrespondents: (a) Procedures of settlement of barangay cases (b) Mediation/Conciliation/Arbitration procedures (c) KP Laws (d) Administrative requirements of the KP Law (e) Current updates of human right violation (f) Classification of cases (g) Procedure in organizing LT/Duties and Function of LuponChairman/Member/Secretary.

Upon payment of the appropriate filing fee. to the lupon chairman of the barangay. (b) Mediation by lupon chairman . . In order to give meaning to the substance of the law. orally or in writing.. The study by Shanker. There are cases wherein if the individual stays longer in the service. with notice to the complainant(s) for them and their witnesses to appear before him for a mediation of their conflicting interests. some workers feel the opposite. proper procedures must be followed by the one administering it.Procedure for Amicable Settlement. If he fails in his mediation effort within fifteen (15) days from the first meeting of the parties before him. however. any individual who has a cause of action against another individual involving any matter within the authority of the lupon may complain. as cited by Juacalla (2007) revealed that the length of service is assumed to influence one’s performance in his work.20 Length of Service Beal and Bohler as cited by Juacalla claimed that the expertise of an individual is also of great importance in determining how one respond to any situation. he shall forthwith set a date for the constitution of the pangkat in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter.Upon receipt of the complaint. An experienced person is more likely to achieve higher problem solving capabilities than the less experienced one. The Local Government Code of 1991 provides for the procedures in settling disputes in KatarungangPambarangay: “Section 410. (a) Who may initiate proceeding . Compliance to procedures The administration of justice is consist of substantive and procedural law. the lupon chairman shall within the next working day summon the respondent(s). the more he becomes motivated to work.

except in clearly meritorious cases.While the dispute is under mediation.21 (c) Suspension of prescriptive period of offenses . however. grounds for disqualification . the matter shall be resolved by the affirmative vote of the majority of the pangkat whose decision shall be final. to hear both parties and their witnesses. In the event that a party moves to disqualify any member of the pangkat by reason of relationship.” Receiving of Complaints and Issuance of Summons Section 409 of the Local Government Code provides ofr the venue where complaints may be received and given due course to wit:  Disputes between persons actually residing in the same barangay shall be brought for amicable settlement before the Lupon of said barangay. . at the election of the complaint. (e) Period to arrive at a settlement . be extendible for another period which shall not exceed fifteen (15) days. interest. shall be brought in the barangay where such workplace or institution is located.  All disputes involving real property or any interest therein shall be brought in the barangay where the real properly or the larger portion thereof is situated.The pangkat shall arrive at a settlement or resolution of the dispute within fifteen (15) days from the day it convenes in accordance with this section.  Those arising at the workplace where the contending parties are employed or at the institution where such parties are enrolled for study. bias. or arbitration. or any other similar grounds discovered after the constitution of the pangkat. The prescriptive periods shall resume upon receipt by the complainant of the complainant or the certificate of repudiation or of the certification to file action issued by the lupon or pangkat secretary: Provided. and explore all possibilities for amicable settlement. conciliation. the prescriptive periods for offenses and cause of action under existing laws shall be interrupted upon filing the complaint with the punong barangay. on the day and hour set by the lupon chairman.  Those involving actual residents of different barangays within the same city or municipality shall be brought in the barangay where the respondent or any of the respondents actually resides. simplify issues. hearing. For this purpose. That such interruption shall not exceed sixty (60) days from the filing of the complaint with the punong barangay. Should disqualification be decided upon. the pangkat may issue summons for the personal appearance of parties and witnesses before it. This period shall. the resulting vacancy shall be filled as herein provided for.The pangkat shall convene not later than three (3) days from its constitution. at the discretion of the pangkat. (d) Issuance of summons.

L 69334) In another case where the respondent failed to appear before the KatarungangPambarangay after the Lupon Chairman has validly issued a summon. barangay officials lack awareness of their roles and duties and also lack of knowledge in implementing the Barangay Justice Law. However. (AlinsugInay v. No. according to a study conducted in 2006 on the “Efficacy and Efficiency of the Barangay Justice System”. the Supreme Court allowed the complainant to raise his case in the proper court and ruled that he has complied with the procedure of the KatarungangPambarangay. It revealed that members of LupongTagapamayapa of Montevista are aware of the procedures and adhered to the same in settling disputes. G.( Empamaydo v.R. G. 91606) Alangwai(1996) found out that the lupon member’s knowledge of the Barangay Justice Law procedures and technique and cooperation did not affect the number of disputes amicably settled by the lupon. the Supreme Court ruled that the Lupon Chairman may issue a certification to file action. CA. The findings of Miguel in his study of the implementation of KatarungangPambarangay in Monte Vista. Cagampang. Compostela Valley contradicted the findings of Gerry Roxas Foundation. No.22 In one case where a Lupon Chairman issued summons to respondent and respondent failed to appear in the conciliation hearing. .R.

orally or in writing.A. and explore all possibilities for amicable settlement. conciliation. For this purpose.23 The Supreme Court of the Philippines in a decision declared what may be considered as compliance to procedure and stated: “We held that “notwithstanding the mandate in Section 410(b) of R. he shall forthwith set a date for the constitution of the pangkat in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter. or arbitration. however. (c) Suspension of prescriptive period of offenses . (b) Mediation by lupon chairman . That such interruption shall not exceed sixty (60) days from the filing of the complaint with the punong barangay. 7160 that the Barangay Chairman shall constitute a Pangkat if he fails in his mediation efforts.” Here.” Conciliation/Mediation The Local Government Code provides for the procedure of reconciliationin the KatarungangPambarangay. No. the pangkat may . any individual who has a cause of action against another individual involving any matter within the authority of the lupon may complain.The pangkat shall convene not later than three (3) days from its constitution. (d) Issuance of summons. If he fails in his mediation effort within fifteen (15) days from the first meeting of the parties before him. It states: “Section 410. while the Pangkat was not constituted. (a) Who may initiate proceeding .Procedure for Amicable Settlement.Upon receipt of the complaint. simplify issues. to hear both parties and their witnesses. with notice to the complainant(s) for them and their witnesses to appear before him for a mediation of their conflicting interests. however. the prescriptive periods for offenses and cause of action under existing laws shall be interrupted upon filing the complaint with the punong barangay. hearing. It is thus manifest that there was substantial compliance with the law which does not require strict adherence thereto. to the lupon chairman of the barangay.” the same “Section 410(b) should be construed together with Section 412(a) of the same law (quoted earlier). grounds for disqualification .Upon payment of the appropriate filing fee. the lupon chairman shall within the next working day summon the respondent(s). as well as the circumstances obtaining in and peculiar to the case.While the dispute is under mediation. on the day and hour set by the lupon chairman. the parties met nine (9) times at the Office of the Barangay Chairman for conciliation wherein not only the issue of water installation was discussed but also petitioners’ violation of the lease contract. The prescriptive periods shall resume upon receipt by the complainant of the complainant or the certificate of repudiation or of the certification to file action issued by the lupon or pangkat secretary: Provided.

Sec.” . the matter shall be resolved by the affirmative vote of the majority of the pangkat whose decision shall be final. and such other matters as will be helpful to a full understanding of the case. This period shall. (e) Period to arrive at a settlement . without regard to technical rules of evidence. It is expressly prohibited the appearance of a lawyer for a complainant or respondent. and as is best calculated to effect a fair settlement of the dispute and bring about a harmonious relationship of the parties. interest. at the discretion of the pangkat. the parties must appear in person without the assistance of counsel or representative. names of witnesses and substance of their testimonies. objections and resolutions. except in clearly meritorious cases” Section 415 of the Local Government Code provides thatin all Katarungang Pambarangay proceedings. The conduct of hearing is informal but orderly.The pangkat shall arrive at a settlement or resolution of the dispute within fifteen (15) days from the day it convenes in accordance with this section. the resulting vacancy shall be filled as herein provided for. appearance of parties. except for minors and incompetents who may be assisted by their next-of-kin who are not lawyers. In the event that a party moves to disqualify any member of the pangkat by reason of relationship.24 issue summons for the personal appearance of parties and witnesses before it.5 of the Implementing Rules of the KatarunagngPambarangay states: “The Punong Barangay and the Pangkat shall proceed to hear the matter in dispute in an informal but orderly manner. Proceedings before the Punong Barangay shall be recorded by the Lupon Secretary while those before the Pangkat shall be recorded by the Pangkat Secretary. bias. A lawyer however may appear in KatarungangPambarangay if he is one of the parties in the dispute. or any other similar grounds discovered after the constitution of the pangkat. be extendible for another period which shall not exceed fifteen (15) days. Rule VI. The record shall note the date and time of hearing. Should disqualification be decided upon.

Documentary analysis will also be used in this study to analyze the reports of the differentLupongTagapamaya of the KatarungangPambarangays. Descriptive method is designed for the investigator to gather information about present existing condition.. . Laguna. 1978). The researchers will employ the survey questionnaire in order to obtain information regarding the present situation of the KatarungangPambarangay in Siniloan.Specifically.1992) will be used in the level of satisfaction of the clients of KatarungangPambarangay of the different Barangays of Siniloan.25 Chapter 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY This chapter presents the research methodology and instruments that will be employed by the researchers in data gatherings and statistical treatment to be used in the interpretation and in arriving at a conclusion and recommendation. Research Design Descriptive method of research will be employed by the researchers.(Sevilla. The principal aims in employing this method are to describe the nature and situation as it exists at the time of the study and to explore the causes of particular phenomena (Travers. Laguna. et al. survey of intangible as explained by Sevillaet.1992).al.

One for the members of LupongTagamapayapa and one for the clients.26 Population and Sampling The information will be gathered through surveys and interviews of Barangay officials. It is also the aim of the researchers to reach all or almost all of the members of the LupongTagapamayapa as well as their clients in the year 2012. LupongTragapamayapa(Chairmen. secretaries) 2. members. Clients (Complainants and Respondents) Research Instrument Survey questionnaires will be used as the primary data gathering instrument. The following will be the respondents of this study: 1. The researchers will employ the unrestricted sampling technique as explained by Calmorin (2003) primarily because no restriction is imposed. members of the LupongTagapamayapa of different KatarungangPambarangays of the municipality of Siniloan as well as the clients of the different KatarungangPambarangays. The researchers will also look at the reports of the different barangays in the Municipality of Siniloan as well as the annual and supplemental budget of each barangays in order to know the budget allocation for each KatarungangPambarangay. and every member of the population has an equal chance of inclusion in the sample. . There are two sets survey questionnaires. The first set of questionnaires is composed of two (2) parts.

The number of settled complaints and number of complaints which were given endorsement by the LupongTagapamayapa will be analyzed and evaluated from the report of the barangay secretary or the report submitted to the Municipal Local Government Operations. sex and educational attainment. First part of set 1 is for the demographic profile of the clients of the KatarungangPambarangay to identify and determine profile of respondents in terms of age.27 First part of set 1 is for the demographic profile of the members of the LupongTagapamayapato identify and determine profile of respondents in terms of age. Second part of the questionnaire covers the perception of clients in regards to the compliance of the procedures by the LupongTagapamayapa and Pangkat ng Tagapagkasundo. sex. educational attainment and trainings attended. . Second part of the questionnaire covers compliance to procedures as provided for in the implementing rules of the KatarungangPambarangay and the Local Government Code of 1991. The third part of the questionnaire will cover the perception of the clients on the effectiveness of the KatarungangPambarangay in settling disputes and their level of satisfaction. The second set of questionnaires which is divided into three parts will be administered to the clients of the LupongTagapamaya. The appropriation of the Municipal Government for each KatarungangPambarangay or KatarungangPambarangay Program will also be analyzed and evaluated.

the researchers will seek the permission of the Municipal Mayor of Siniloan. The researchers will seek the help of the professors of Laguna State Polytechnic University especially Dr. The data gathering will be done personally by the researchers with the help and assistance of the different barangay councils of the Siniloan.45 – 3.0) 4 (3. it will be subject to pre-testing before it will be used for the actual data gathering.45 – 5. Laguna.44) 1 (1. LucitaSubillaga and the thesis advisers for comments and suggestions for improvement.45 – 4.0 – 1.28 The Likert’s Scale model will be used to measure numerically the verbal response of the respondents: Numerical Equivalent and Range of Verbal Description or Rating.44) 2 (1.44) Compliance to procedures All the Time Perception of Clients on Effectiveness Very Effective Most of the Effective Time Sometime Moderately Effective Rarely Ineffective Not at all Very Ineffective Satisfaction of Clients Very Satisfied Satisfied Moderately Satisfied Dissatisfied Very Dissatisfied Research Procedure In order to facilitate data gathering.45 – 2. .44) 3 (2. Laguna and the Association of Barangay Council and the different LupongTagapamayapa of Siniloan. Numerical Equivalent and Range 5 (4. Once corrections and revisions of the questionnaires are done.

frequency counts. The percentage.29 Statistical Treatment The data to be gathered will be tabulated and will be analyzed. T-test will be used to determine the difference in perception of clients and KatarungangPambarangay members in regards to their performance. . ranking and the mean shall be determined.

9. 46% 32. 10% 5.30 Chapter 4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION This Chapter presents the statistical analysis of data gathered with the corresponding interpretation of results based on the order in the statement of the problem.50 yrs old 31. 6% 39. This only shows that the Lupong Tagapamaya is dominated by elder members. 38% 51.60 yrs old 41.40 yrs old below 30 year old Figure 2 . Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa in Terms of Age Figure 2 presents the Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa in terms of age.38 % are 41-50 years old.6%. the age group of 31-40 years old is 9. Showing the Pie Graph of the Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa in terms of Age .46 % of members of the Lupong tagapamayapa are 51-60 Years Old. It revealed that 39.10% while those below 30 years old is only 5. 32.

31 Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa in Terms of Gender Figure 3 presents the Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa in terms of gender.64 % of the members of the Lupong Tagamapaya are male. while 39. Showing the Pie Graph of the Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa in terms of Gender .36% are female. 39. 36% Female Male 69. It can be gleaned from the figure below that more than 2/3 or 69. 64% Figure 3 . The administration of the Katarungang Pambarangay is dominated by male. This shows that more than two third of the members of the Lupong Tagapamaya are male.

53% Undergraduate Graduate Figure 4 .53 % of the members of the Lupong Tagamapayapa are have reached college but are undergraduate. Based on Figure 4. 45. 9% 21. 25% Elementary Secondary 45.25% have finished high school.32 Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa in Terms of Educational Attainment Figure 4 presents the Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa in terms of Educational Attainment.13 % have finished college and 8. Showing the Pie Graph of the Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa in terms of Educational Attainment . 11.9% reached and finished elementary level. 13% 8. 11. The data revealed that most members of the Lupong Tagapamaya have not finished college. 21.

29.33 Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa in Terms of Seminar/Trainings Attended Figure 5 presents the Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa in terms of seminars/Trainings attended. It can be seen from the figure that 34.34% have attended two training while only 22. 26% One Training Figure 5 . 34% More than two Trainings Two Trainings 22. 34. Showing the Pie Graph of the Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa in terms of Seminars/Training Attended .40% of the members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa have attended at least one training or seminar regarding the Katarungang Pambarangay Law.26 % of them have attended more than two trainings. 40% 29.

15.17% have ten years or more experience. Showing the Pie Graph of the Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa in terms of Years in Service . 38% Ten years to 15 years Five years to 9 years Less than 5 years Figure 5 . 45% 32. 17% 38. Based on the figure 38.45 % of the members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa have less than 5 years of experience in serving as member of the Lupon. 32.34 Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa in Terms of Years in Service Figure6 presents the Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa in terms of Years in Service.38% have five (5) to nine (9) years of experience while only 15.

73 Most of the Time 4. 3. Ave.70 Remarks Most of the Time 3. It can be gleaned from Table 1 that the Lupong Tagapamayapa complied with procedure in terms of Receiving of Complaints and received an average mean of 4. The Lupong Tagamapayapa sees to it that the complaint is within its area of jurisdiction. Table 1 Level of Compliance to procedure of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Receiving Complaints Receiving Complaints 1. 2.2 .99 .35 Level of Compliance to Procedure of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Receiving Complaints Table 1 presents the level of Compliance to produce of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of receiving complaints. The Lupong Tagapamayapa receives complaint from any individual who has a cause of action against another individual upon payment of appropriate fee. The Lupong Tagapamayapa receives only complaints cognizable by the Lupon based on RA 7160.22 and falls within the range of Most of the Time. The Lupong Tagapamaya receives the complaints in writing or orally from individual who has a cause of action against another individual in accordance with the Katarungang Pambarangay Law.73 Most of the Time 4. 4.68 Most of the Time SD= . 5. The Lupong Tagapmayapa sees to it that the complaint is covered by the KP Law.15 Most of the time .41 .21 .22 x 4. mean = 4.27 SD .69 Most of the Time 4.

.70 Remarks Most of the Time Most of the Time 4. 3. The Lupon issues summons in accordance with KP rules 2.09 .29 4.14 Most of the Time x 4.. Ave.42 . Mean = 4. The Lupon Chairman issues summons to the respondent one day after proper receipt of complaint to appear before him for a mediation of their conflicting interests. 4.22 with a verbal equivalent of Most of the Time. The Lupon Chairman issues notice to the complainant and his/her witnesses one day after proper receipt of complaint to appear before him for a mediation of their conflicting interests. The Pangkat ng Tagapagkasundo issues notice to the complainant and his/her witnesses one day after proper receipt of complaint to appear before him for a conciliation of their conflicting interests.71 Most of the Time 4.74 Most of the Time 4.22 SD = .70 Most of the Time . 5.22 . The Pangkat ng Tagapagkasundo issues summons to the respondent one day after proper receipt of complaint to appear before him for a conciliation of their conflicting interests.36 Level of Compliance to produce of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Issuance of Summons Table 2 presents the level of Compliance to produce of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Issuance of Summons.69 . Table 2 Level of Compliance to Procedure of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Issuance of Summons Issuance of Summons 1.07 SD . It discloses that most of the time the Lupong Tagapamayapa complied to procedure in the issuance of summons and the questions received an average mean of 4.

16 with a adjectival equivalent of Most of the time.74 Most of the Time . 2.72 Remarks Most of the Time 3.6 1. 5. and explore all possibilities for amicable settlement 4. The Pangkat arrives at a settlement or resolution of the dispute within fifteen (15) days from the day it convenes in accordance with KP law. mean = 4. The Lupon Chairman constitutes the Pangkat ng Tagapagkasundo if he/she failed in his conciliation efforts. The Lupon Chairman exerts all effort to conciliate the opposing parties.86 Most of the Time 4.25 . simplify issues. The Pangkat ng Tagapagkasundo hears both parties and their witnesses.37 Level of Compliance to procedure of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Conciliation Table 3 presents the level of Compliance to procedure of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Conciliation.16 .35 Most of the Time 4.38 SD .16 SD= .4 . The table shows that all questions regarding compliance to procedure in terms of conciliation hacve an average mean of 4.58 Most of the Time 4. Table 3 Level of Compliance to Procedure of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Conciliation Concillation 1. All proceedings for settlement are open to the public and informal Ave. 3.33 Most of the Time x 4.

38 Level of Compliance to produce of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Settlement and Awards Table 4 presents the level of Compliance to produce of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of receiving complaints.68 Most of the Time .42 . All settlement and awards of Katarungang Pambarangay are in writing.33 SD . 4. All parties to a dispute sign the settlement and awards.64 . The settlement and awards are written in language known to both parties. The amicable settlement and arbitration award have the force and effect of a final judgment of a court upon the expiration of ten (10) days from the date thereof Ave.28 .32 4. Table 4 Level of Compliance to procedure of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Settlement and Awards Settlement and Awards 1. 2.34 SD= .57 Most of the Time Most of the Time 4.35 .67 Most of the Time 4. All settlement and awards are attested to by the Lupon Chairman.34 with an equivalent verbal rating of Most of the Time. 40 Most of the Time x 4. Mean = 4. 5. The table below shows that most of the time the Katarungang Pambarangay complied to procedure in terms of Settlement and Awards as it received an average mean of 4. 3.59 Remarks Most of the Time 4.

30 with an equivalent verbal rating of Most of the Time.58 Remarks Most of the Time Most of the Time 4.2 . Table 5 Level of Compliance to produce of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Execution Execution 1.26 . 2.38 SD .39 Level of Compliance to produce of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Execution Table5 presents the level of Compliance to produce of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Execution.63 Most of the Time Most of the Time 4. To execute the settlement awards of the disputants first file for motion for execution with the Barangay Chairman. The Barangay Chairman ascertains the facts for noncompliance of settlement and strongly encourages the party obliged to comply with the settlement.76 . Mean = 4. the settlement may be enforced by action in the appropriate city or municipal court. Ave.31 .62 Most of the Time 4. It shows that most of the time the Katarungang Pambarangay complied with the procedure in terms of execution of the awards or settlement as the questions relating thereto received an average mean of 4.60 4. After the lapse of such time. The Barangay Chairman issues Notice of Execution after the lapse of five (5) days with no voluntary compliance. 3. 4. The Barangay Chairman conducts hearing on the date assigned by the movant which shall be not later than 5 days from filing of motion.08 Most of the Time x 4. 5.30 SD= .38 .

16 .98 .71 Remarks Moderately Effective 3.40 Level of Performance Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Effective Settlement of Disputes Table 6 presents the level of Compliance to produce of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Effective Settlement of Disputes. It discloses that the level of performance of katarungang pambarangay in terms of effective settlement of disputes is moderately effective in all the five areas and it received an average mean of 4. The summons of the Katarungang Pambarangay is effective in ensuring that complainants and respondents appear in the conciliation proceedings 2.09 . The Katarungang Pambarangay is effective in executing its settlement or arbitration award within six months. 5.06 . The Pangkat ng Tagapagkasundo effective in conciliating the issues whenever the Lupong Chairman fails in his mediation efforts. Table 6 Level of Performance Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Effective Settlement of Disputes Effective Settlement of Disputes 1. Ave. The Lupong Tagapamaya Chairman is effective in conciliating the conflicts between complainant and respondent.77 .66 Moderately Effective Moderately Effective 4. Mean = 4.09 SD= .04 Moderately Effective x 4.75 Moderately Effective 4. The Katarungang Pambarangay is an effective way of settling disputes involving cases under it coverage.09 with an equivalent verabal rating of Moderately Effectuive. 4.15 SD .68 Moderately Effective 4. 3.

Satisfaction of Complainant and Respondents Table 7 Level of Performance Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Satisfaction of Complainant and Respondents Satisfaction of Complainant and Respondents 1. The level of satisfaction in the execution of the settlement or arbitration awards by the Katarungang Pambarangay.15 .71 .67 Moderately Satisfied 4.10 . 5.06 SD .77 Remarks Moderately Satisfied 4.13 .15 with an equivalent verbal rating of Moderately Satisfied. 3. It discloses that complainants and respondents are moderately satisfied on the performance of katarungang pambarangay and the questions in all the aspects relating thereto received an average mean of 4. 2. x 4. The Level of satisfaction in the settlement and award in a dispute filed in the Katarungang Pambarangay. The Level of satisfaction of clients in the issuance of summons and notices by the Lupong Tagapamayapa and Pangkat ng Tagapagkasundo. The level of satisfaction of clients in the way the Katarungang Pambarangay receives complaints and issues summons to its clients.41 Level of Performance Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Satisfaction of Complainant and Respondents Table 7 presents the level of performance Katarungang Pambarangay in terms of satisfaction of complainant and respondents.61 Moderately Satisfied Moderately Satisfied 4.32 .70 Moderately Satisfied 4. The Level of satisfaction in the conduct of conciliation by the Lupon Chairman and the Pangkat ng Tagapagkasundo 4.

It can be gleaned from the figure below that out of 341 cases or complaints filed in the Katarungang Pambarangay. 50% No. 45% 341. 5% 307. of Cases Filed Resolved/Settled Endorsed to Court Total = 341 Cases Figure 6.42 Ave. Mean = 4. Level of Satisfaction of Katarungang Pambarangay on the Endorsement of Unsettled Cases to regular Courts .15 SD= .10 Moderately Effective Level of Satisfaction of Katarungang Pambarangay on the Endorsement of Unsettled Cases to regular Courts Figure 6 presents the Level of Satisfaction of Katarungang Pambarangay on the Endorsement of Unsettled Cases to regular courts . 306 cases were resolved and only were indorsed to the court. 34.

38 -1.000 .024 0.30 P.67 -13.490 .89 -23. The table below shows there is a Members of the Lupong significant effect on the implementation of Katarungang Pambarangay in terms of age on the effective settlement of disputes and indorsement of unsettled cases to the courts while gender.12 0.077 .54 -2. Computed t.37 0.724 . Table Pambarangay 8 Significant Effect of Implementation of Katarungang in Terms of Demographic Profile on the Performance of the Tagapamayapa.07 3.05 0.264 DF Interpretation Not Signficant Significant Significant Significant Significant Not Significant Signficant Significant Significant Significant Significant Not Significant Not Significant Not Significant Not Significant 1.32 -38.53 -12. However. educational attainment seminar/training attended and years in service have significant effect on the performance of katarungang pambarangay.88 -12.000 . age has no significant effect on the performance of katarungang pambarangay in terms of satisfaction of clients while gender. Table 8.000 .44 -24.43 Significant Effect of Implementation of Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Demographic Profile on the Performance of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa.69 -40.000 . educational attainment seminar/training attended and years in service have no significant effect. Significant Effect of Implementation of Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Demographic Profile on the Performance of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa.000 .value 1.189 0.000 .600 .25 -13. Effective Settlement of Dispute 163 Satisfaction of Clients 163 Indorsement of Unsettle Cases to courts 163 .000 .57 -.value p<.000 .

Effective . issuance of summons and mediation. issuance of summons and mediation. Table 9. The table further disclose that all the variables namely. It also disclose that settlement /awards has significant effect on the performance of katarungang pambarangay in terms of satisfaction of clients while receiving of complaints. receiving of complaints. The table shows that compliance to procedure in terms of receiving of complaints.value p<. settlement /awards and execution have significant effect on the performance of katarungang pambarangay in terms of indorsement of unsettled cases to the courts.44 Significant Effect of Compliance to the Procedure of the Lupong Tagapamayapa on the Performance of the Members Katarungang Pambarangay Table 9 Significant Effect of Compliance to the Procedure of the Lupong Tagapamayapa on the Performance of the Members Katarungang Pambarangay. conciliation/arbitration.conciliation/arbitration.05 0. issuance of summons and mediation.56 P.value 1. and execution have no significant effect. Significant Effect of Compliance to the Procedure of the Lupong Tagapamayapa on thePerformance of the Members Katarungang Pambarangay Computed t.conciliation/arbitration have no significant effect on the performance of katarungang pambarangay in terms of effective settlement of disputes while settlement/awards and execution have significant effect on the performance of katarungang pambarangay in terms of effective settlement of disputes.121 DF Interpretation Not Significant 1.

47 1.83 3.996 .54 3.75 .006 0.024 .453 .92 3.408 .45 Settlement of Dispute 1.021 Not Significant Not Significant Significant Significant Not Significant Not Significant Not Significant Significant Not Significant Significant Significant Significant Significant Significant 163 Satisfaction of Clients 163 Indorsement of Unsettle Cases to courts 163 .71 0.015 .42 3.0.58 0.72 0.027 .55 3.024 .116 0.057 .81 0.019 0.00 2.001 .38 2.478 0.79 3.

53 % of the members of the L:upong Tagamapayapa are college graduate.6%.10% while those below 30 years old is 5.36% are female.46 Chapter 5 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS. 11. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamaya in Term of Age. Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamaya in Term of Gender More than 2/3 or 69.40% of the members of the Lupong Tagapamauyapa have attended at least one training or seminar regarding the Katarungang .9% reached elementary level.38 % are 41-50 years old.25% are undergraduate. Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamaya in Term of Educational Attainment 45. while 39. 21.the age group of 31-40 years old is 9.13 % have reached highschool and 8. About 39.46 % of members of the Lupong tagapamayapa are 51-60 Years Old. 32. Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamaya in Term of Seminars / Trainings Attended About 34.64 % of the members of the Lupong Tagamapaya are male.

32. The table presents that all questions regarding compliance to procedure in terms of conciliation received a remark of Most of the time. Demographic Profile of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamaya in Term of Years in Service There are 38. 29.45 % of the members of the Lupong Tagapamayap have less than 5 years of experience in serving as member of the Lupon. Table 1 that the Lupong Tagapamayapa complied with procedure in terms of Receiving of Complaints Most of the Time as question numbers 1 to 5 received a remarks of Most of the Time. Table 3 presents the level of Compliance to procedure of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of conciliation.38% have five (5) to nine (9) years of experience while only 15.47 Pambarangay Law.26 % of them have attended more than two trainings. It discloses that most of the time the Lupong Tagapamayapa complied to procedure in issuance of summons and all the questions received a remark of Most of the Time. Table 2 presents the level of Compliance to produce of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of issuance of summons.17% have ten years or more experience.34% have attended two training while only 22. .

It shows that most of the time the Katarungang Pambarangay complied with the procedure in terms of execution of the awards or settlement. Table 7 presents the level of performance Katarungang Pambarangay in terms of satisfaction of complainant and respondents.48 Table 4 presents the level of Compliance to produce of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of receiving complaints. It discloses that complainants and respondents are moderately satisfied on the performance of katarungang pambarangay in all the aspects asked in the questionnaire. Table 6 presents the level of Compliance to procedure of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Effective Settlement of Disputes. It discloses that the level of performance of katarungang pambarangay in terms of effective settlement of disputes is moderately effective in all the five areas. Table5 presents the level of Compliance to produce of the Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of execution. . The table below shows that most of the time the Katarungang Pambarangay complied to procedure in terms of Settlement and Awards.

issuance of summons and mediation.conciliation/arbitration have no significant effect on the performance of katarungang pambarangay in terms of effective settlement of disputes while settlement/awards and execution have significant effect on the performance of katarungang pambarangay in terms of effective settlement of disputes. The table below shows there is a significant effect on the implementation of Katarungang Pambarangay in terms of age on the effective settlement of disputes and indorsement of unsettled cases to the courts while gender. It also disclose that settlement /awards has significant effect on the performance of katarungang pambarangay in terms of satisfaction of clients while . The table revealed that compliance to procedure in terms of receiving of complaints.49 Table 8 Significant Effect of Implementation of Katarungang Pambarangay in Terms of Demographic Profile on the Performance of the Members of the Lupong Tagapamayapa. age has no significant effect on the performance of katarungang pambarangay in terms of satisfaction of clients while gender. educational attainment seminar/training attended and years in service have significant effect on the performance of katarungang pambarangay. educational attainment seminar/training attended and years in service have no significant effect. Table 9 shows the Significant Effect of Compliance to the Procedure of the Lupong Tagapamayapa on the Performance of the Members Katarungang Pambarangay. However.

settlement /awards and execution have significant effect on the performance of katarungang pambarangay in terms of indorsement of unsettled cases to the courts. receiving of complaints. issuance of summons and mediation. Recommendations The findings and conclusions of the study resulted to the following recommendations Since the Katarungang Pambarangay complied to the procedures . issuance of summons and mediation. Conclusions The findings of the study yielded the following conclusions: The Katarungang Pambarangay complied to the procedure most of the time.50 receiving of complaints. conciliation/arbitration.conciliation/arbitration. The table further discloses that all the variables namely. The complainants and respondents are moderately satisfied on the performance of the Katarungang Pambarangay. and execution have no significant effect. The Katarungang Pambarangay is moderately effective in settling disputes.

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