GENERAL NURSING MANAGEMENT OF BURNS Burn care must be planned according to the burn depth and local response

, the extent of the injury, and the presence of a systemic response. Burn care then proceeds through three phases: -Emergent/Resuscitative phase (on-the scene care) -Acute/Intermediate phase -Rehabilitation phase. Although priorities exist for each of the phases, the phases overlap, and assessment and management of specific problems and complications are not limited to these phases but take place throughout burn care. Nursing Management Includes: infection prevention wound cleansing and administering topical antibacterial drugs First Aid on Burn Injury First aid on burn injury requires different types of care depending on the type and extent of injury. Burns can cause by heat (steam, hot bath water, tipped-over coffee cups, cooking fluids), electricity (biting on electrical cords or sticking fingers or objects in electrical outlets), chemicals (swallowing things, like drain cleaner or watch batteries, or spilling chemicals, such as bleach, onto the skin), or radiation (overexposure to the sun). There are three types of burn injuries: A. First-degree burn injury produces redness, pain, and minor swelling. The skin is dry without blisters and may be healing after 3 to 6 days. MANAGEMENT: - Remove the victim from the heat source or clothing from the burned area immediately - Treat this burn injury as minor burn, hold the burned area under cold running water for at least 5 minutes, or until the pain subsides - If running water is not available place the burn in any cold, drinkable fluid. Does not use ice, as it can cause frostbite, further damaging the skin

clean.If burn injury happened and the victim's clothing is on fire. Don't remove burnt clothing that's may stuck to the skin .Don't immerse severe large burns in cold water. Don't use fluffy cotton. these burn injury can cause destroy the deepest layer of skin and tissues underneath (skin surface appears dry and can look waxy white. moist. moist cloth. shock and even death. If he is going into shock and loses consciousness then there is no breathing or other sign of circulation. scarring and in serious cases. sterile bandage.Apply antibiotic ointment to prevent infection then cover with sterile gauze. which may irritate the skin. Second-degree burn injury damages the outer layer and the layer underneath (burns produce blisters. coughing or movement).Check the victim (breathing. begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) .Do the dressing daily and keep the burn area clean and use mild soap to rinse the wound .Apply a moisturizing lotion and dress the burs area with loosely wrapped sterile gauze. it's can cause shock .. douse him with non-flammable liquid. Third-degree. Burns can cause swelling.Treat this burs also as minor burn. or moist towels to cover the area of the burn. but should be with extra care to avoid infection and excessive scaring because type of this burn damage the skin more extensive . B. and redness). brown. leathery. or charred). C. MANAGEMENT: .Use a cool. . MANAGEMENT: . severe pain. blistering.

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