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Designing and Drawing a Sprocket
Visualizing ideas through the creation of CAD solid models is a key engineering skill. The process designing and drawing a sprocket is an excellent way to incorporate 8th and 9th grade algebra and geometry skills and knowledge. The following text offers the information and procedural steps necessary to generate the profile of standard pitch sprockets. This process will yield an approximate tooth form that can be used to generate solid models of the sprockets used in the GEARS-IDS kit of parts. The process of producing and saving a solid model library of GEARS-IDS sprockets and parts, provides students and instructors with the opportunity to combine algebra, geometry and trigonometry knowledge with engineering drawing skills to produce the design elements necessary to fully visualize their mechanical creations.
Fig. 184.108.40.206 Sprocket Tooth Geometry
(Adapted from the American Chain Association Chains for Power Transmission and Material Handling handbook.
GEARS Educational Systems 105 Webster St. Hanover Massachusetts 02339 Tel. 781 878 1512 Fax 781 878 6708 www.gearseds.com
and they represent the industry standards for the development of sprocket tooth forms.2. 781 878 1512 Fax 781 878 6708 www.8 sin(18° − ) N N = (Seating curve diameter) = 1. and the Diameter of the Roller (Dr).2 180° 180° + cos ( Ds − Dr ) + 2 H N N GEARS Educational Systems 105 Webster St.1 Sprocket Tooth Geometry The tooth form of a sprocket is derived from the geometric path described by the chain roller as it moves through the pitch line. P N Dr Ds R A B ac M = Chain Pitch = Number of Teeth = Roller Diameter ( See Table) yz = Dr 1.4 cos(17° − F = Dr 0.gearseds.4 Dr 60° N 56° = 18° − N = 35° + = 0.Sprocket Tooth Design Formulas Refer to Fig.0005 Dr + 0.0015 W = 1. Hanover Massachusetts 02339 Tel. radius R and the topping curve radius F include the clearances necessary to allow smooth engagement between the chain rollers and sprocket teeth.4 Dr sin 180° N 56° 64° = 0. The following formulas are taken from the American Chain Association Chains for Power Transmission and Material Handling handbook.8 x Dr cos( 35° + 60° ) N 60° ) N ) + 1. and pitch circle for a given sprocket and chain pitch.003 ab = 1.2.4 sin(17° − 64 56° ) − 0.2.3025 Dr + 0.4 Dr − P 2 ) 2 T E = 0.605 Dr + 0.3P 180° OD = P (0. 6.8 x Dr = Ds/2 = 0.8 cos(18° − N N H= F 2 − (1. the Number of Teeth on the Sprocket (N). The shape of the tooth form is mathematically related to the Chain Pitch (P).com . The formulas for the seating curve.5025 Dr + 0.6 + cot ) N Outside diameter of a sprocket when tooth is pointed OD = P cot Table 6.0015 S= P 180° 180° cos + H sin 2 N N P 180° sin N Chordal Length of Arc xy = (2.8 x Dr sin ( 35° + = 1.2.4 Dr cos 180° N V = 1.003) sin ( 9° − 28° ) N PD = Additional Sprocket Formulas Outside Diameter of a sprocket when j = 0.
) 2.) 5.Procedure for Drawing a Sprocket In this example we will draw the tooth form for the GEARS-IDS 30 tooth Sprocket.) 9.2 and 3.gearseds.130” (See table above) Ds = R= 3.200* 41 ½ 0. Offset lines 1.306 40 ½ 5/16 * This refers to the bushing diameter since the chain pitch is small and rollerless.) Draw a circle with radius = R at the intersection of lines 1.2 and 3.) 10.4. Draw line cy. 6.com . Locate point a on the top quadrant of the circle. Smooth the transitions for arc line segment NL 180° Locate the tooth tip by drawing a line from the Pitch Circle center at an angle of N GEARS Educational Systems 105 Webster St. From point b draw an arc with radius F.) 7.) Draw the Pitch Circle using a radius equal to ½ PD. Chain Number Pitch Max Roller Diameter 25 ¼ 0.2. a mathematical model of the sprocket profile in order to help us draw an approximate model.4 distances M and T respectively.) 4. Refer to Fig.2.2 and 3.130* 35 3/8 0. When drawing the model. Line cx must extend beyond the circle.) 11. Draw a pair of Intersecting (Center) Lines 1.) 12. The sprocket tooth profile does not need to be drawn perfectly.) 14.2.) 6. N and Dr Calculate the remaining values and enter the data in the table below. 6. Hanover Massachusetts 02339 Tel. 781 878 1512 Fax 781 878 6708 www. Line cy = length E and is drawn at an angle B from cx.2.3P) = W= V= F= H= S= PD = P = ¼” (For the example Sprocket) N = 30 (For the example Sprocket) Dr = 0. Locate point b by offsetting lines 1. A= B= ac = M= T= E= Yz = ab = OD (J=. Draw arc xy with radius E.1.4 distances W and V respectively. Use your drawing tools and common sense in order to create the profile as best you can.) Determine the values for P. We will be generating. do not be overly concerned with arcs that are not exactly tangent to lines.2 and 3.) 15.1.) 8. Draw line segment yz perpendicular to line cy. or line lengths that are not exact to 3 or 4 decimal places. the Sprocket Formulas and the Maximum Roller Diameter Table.4 through point a. 1. ( per Fig.) 13. NOTE: This is primarily an algebra and geometry exercise. These lines will intersect at point c Draw line cx at angle A.
Add the hub and webbing as measured from the GEARS-IDS sprocket.2.2.006. Complete the sprocket drawing by extruding the sprocket to a measured thickness equal to that of the GEARS-IDS 30 tooth sprocket. GEARS Educational Systems 105 Webster St.006” represents a “clearance” number.2.) 18. Mirror this form to create a complete tooth form and array this form N number of times around the Pitch Circle center.2 CAD Solid Model Fig.93W – 0. Hanover Massachusetts 02339 Tel.com . Note: Use a dial caliper to measure the GEARS-IDS sprocket dimensions. The 0. 781 878 1512 Fax 781 878 6708 www.gearseds. Note: Industry standard thickness = 0.2. 6.2.3 Rendered Solid Model Note: Use the GEARS-IDS spread sheet entitled Equations for the Design of Standard Sprocket Teeth to check answers to the equations listed in Table 6. 6. This represents ½ of the tooth form.2.2. Fig.16.) Edit the tooth form NL.) 17.