Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur Civil Engineering Department Fluid Mechanics Tutorial No.

1
Note: Q.1 Q.2 Q.3 (i) Assume suitable data if not given. (ii) Support your answers with neat sketches. Explain Newton’s experiment and derive the relationship τ = µ (du/dy). Draw Rheological diagram. Explain its engineering applications. Explain and give dimensions + units of following terms: (i) Mass density (iv) Specific Volume Q.4 Q.5 Q.6 Q.7 (ii) Specific weight (v) Compressibility (iii) Specific gravity (vi) Kinematic viscosity

Explain capillarity and derive the expressions for capillary rise. If 3.5 m3 of oil weighs 32.95 kN, Calculate specific weight, specific volume, mass density and relative density. If kinematic viscosity of benzene is 7.42 x 10- 3 stokes and its mass density is 860-kg/ m3, determine its dynamic viscosity in kg/m. s. Assuming that sap in trees has the same characteristics as water and it rises purely due to capillary phenomenon, what will be the average diameter of capillary tubes in a tree if the sap is carried to a height of 10m.

Q.8 Q.9 Q.10

What will be the difference of pressure between inside and outside of a droplet of water 1 mm in diameter? What should be the internal diameter of a glass tube if capillary rise in it is not to exceed 2.0 mm? If the velocity distribution in laminar boundary layer over a flat plate is given by U = 2y – 2 y3 + y4 Determine the shear stress on the plate and at y = 0.10m if dynamic viscosity of fluid is 1 x 10 –3 kg/m. s.

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