AA Jhgfj% AA

AA Jhgfj%AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa
ije lsok dk egÙo
(czãyhu ijeJ¼s; lsBth Jht;n;kyth
xks;UndkosQ iqjkus çopuksadk laxzg)
Roeso ekrk p firk Roeso
Roes o cU/q Ü Ó l[kk Roes o A
Roes o fo|k æfo.ka Roes o
Roeso loZa ee nsonsoAA

çkFkZuk
FkksM+h&FkksM+h nsjesa dgrs jgsa&
gs ukFk ! gs esjs ukFk !!
eSa vkidks Hkwyw¡ ughaA
eSa vkidk gw]¡ vki esjs gSAa
laor~ 2068 çFke laLdj.k µ 18]000
laor~ 2068 f}rh; laLdj.k µ 45]000
ewY;µ10 #0

iqLrd çkfIr LFkku
1- Jh ekr`'kfDr rifLouh xkS efUnj] iksLV&js.k] rglhy&esM+rk flVh]
ftyk&ukxkSj (jktLFkku)] eksckbZy ua- 093521&83860
2- gfj ¬ rk;y] vkpk;Z Ñiykuh jksM+] vkn'kZ uxj] fnYyh& 110033
eksckbZy ua- 09811393537] 099580&18191
3- xhrk izsl lRlkfgR; izpkj lfefr] 35] dfiy fogkj] fnYyh&110034
eksckbZy ua- 093125&01777
4- Jhjk/kek/ko lnu] ,&2@105] feyu fogkj] 72] vkbZ-ih- ,DlVsa'ku]
ubZ fnYyh&110092] eksckbZy ua- 098115&77371
5- /kfeZd lkfgR; lnu] cqfy;u fcfYMax] gfYn;ksadk jkLrk] tkSgjh cktkj
iksLV& t;iqj& 202003 (jkt-)] Qksu ua- 0141&2570602
6- vxzoky ,.M dEiuh] 1011] vxzoky ekosQZV] feJ jktkth dk jkLrk
iksLV&t;iqj (jkt-)] eksckbZy ua- 98291&32052
7- Jhxhrk lr~lkfgR; foHkkx] lh@18&19] bfUnjk ek£dV] ?k.Vk?kj]
tks/iqj] jktLFkku] eksckbZy ua- 094137&66283] 093523&79647
8- lR;ukjk;.k frokM+h] lnj cktkj] iksLV&uks[kk] ftyk&chdkusj (jkt-)
eksckbZy ua- 098285&47133] 098286&04571
9- jkt oqQekj 'kekZ] xkS lsok izpkj lfefr] xyh ua-&18] ubZ vkcknh]
guqekux<+ VkÅu] jktLFkku] eksckbZy ua- 099833&51401
10- tkyku dkWVst b.MLVªht] diM+sdh nqdku] xaxk?kkV osQ ikl] LoxkZJe&
ok;k& Íf"kosQ'k (mÙkjkpay)] Qksu ua- 0135&2432794
11- xhrk okfVdk] iksLV& xhrk okfVdk] (xksj[kiqj) mñçñ] fiu dksM+ & 273006]
eksckbZy ua- 099363&00672] 0551&2284742
12- oqqQ.kky iSQ'ku]lh&150 jk/kÑ".k VsDlVkby ekosZQV] lgkjk njoktk
iksLV& lwjr (xqtjkr)] eksckbZy ua- 098251&11055] 097279&11555
13- lR;ukjk;.k jktdey ckaxM+] 1] 'kEHkq efyd ysu] ,-oh- ekosZQV] pkj rYyk]
iksLV&dksydkrk&7] eksckbZy ua- 093318&28555] Qksu ua- 033&22723313
14- vkuUn vkseizdk'k 'kkjnk] x.kjkt esfMdks] vk;qosZfnd dkWyst osQ lkeus]
cl LVsaM jksM+] iksLV& ukUnsM+] egkjk"Vª] eksckbZy ua- 094221&70998
15- jk/kÑ".k yks;k] ch&17] iq"ik ikoZQ] 147] xM+ksfn;k uxj] ?kkVdksij (iw-)
eqEcbZ&400077] eksckbZy ua- 098703&27743
16- xhrk iqLrd Hk.Mkj] nqdku ua- 107] çFke ry] guqeku efUnj ekosZQV
iksLV&fglkj&125001(gfj;k.kk)] Qksu % 01662&271784] 099962&99900
17- ?ku';ke nkl ftUny] 119] Mh-lh- dkWyksuh] f=kos.kh ikoZQ] fglkj (gfj;k.kk)
eksckbZy ua- 094164&39155
18- jke vorkj xks;y] lh&2] vksYM uojax fFk;sVj] tequk vkosZQM] tke ckx]
gSnjkckn] eksckbZy ua- 09246&152951
19- lUr Jh lk/qjke th] izkbZejh LowQy ua- 4 osQ ikl] xkS'kkyk jksM] fljlk(gfj;k.kk)
eksckbZy ua- 094167&58047
20- tkx`r eksgu] izsex<+] xyh ua- 5] jsyos jksM+] gksf'k;kjiqj (iatkc)
eksckbZy ua- 094174&76999] 093174&76999
E-mail: hariomtayal@gmail.com

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

AA Jhgfj% AA
bl çdkj yksxksadks tUe&ej.kosQ pØls NqM+kusosQ fy;s cgqr
ls ç;kl vius thoudkyesa fd;s vkSj mudh çsj.kkls vHkh Hkh ,sls
dk;Z gks jgs gSaA blh çdj.kesa mUgksaus HkxoUukedh efgek vkSj
ijelsok dh egÙkk ij fo'ks"k:ils çopu fn;sA e`R;qosQ le;
jksxhosQ lkFk oSQls mipkj fd;k tk;s bu ckrksa ij çdk'k MkykA ,sls
egkiq#"kosQ mijksDr fo"k;ksals lEcfU/r çopuksadks vusd txgksals
ladyu djosQ çLrqr iqLrdesa lfEefyr fd;k x;k gSA Hkksx vkSj
'kjhjdk vkjke gh euq";dks HkxoRçkfIrls foeq[k djkusokys gSaA
Hkksx vkSj 'kjhjosQ vkjke egku~ nq%[knk;h rFkk HkxoRçkfIresa egku~
ck/d gSAa dfy;qxesa uke&ti gh loZJs"B lk/u gS] bu fo"k;ksoa Qs
çopu Hkh bl iqLrdesa fn;s x;s gSaA
J¼s; HkkbZth Jhguqekuçlknth iksíkj rFkk J¼s; Lokehth
Jhjkelq[knklth egkjkt Jhxks;UndkthosQ bl dkeesa iwjs lg;ksxh
jgs gSAa iksíkjthosQ uke&tiosQ fo"k;esa vuqHko rFkk J¼s; LokehthosQ
uke&efgek ,oa ijelsok ij oqQN çopu bl iqLrdesa lfEefyr
dj fy;s x;s gSaA bu lHkh m¡Qps larksaosQ Hkko ikBdksa dks ,d lkFk
çkIr gks tk;saµbl n`f"Vls ;g ç;kl fd;k x;k gSA
ikBdx.k Ñi;k bl iqLrddks eu yxkdj iBu djsa ;gh
fouez fuosnu gSA vius fç; çseh lTtuksa vkSj ckU/oksadks bl
iqLrddks i<+usdh çsj.kk djsaA bl iqLrddk iBu&ikBu vkiosQ
thoudks mUur cuk nsxk] ,slh gesa vk'kk gSA
µçdk'kd

fouez fuosnu
xhrkçslosQ laLFkkid ije J¼s; Jht;n;kyth xks;Undk
cpiuls gh vè;kRe&iFk ij py jgs Fks] mudks ;qokoLFkkesa gh
Hkxoku~ Jhfo".kqus prqHkqZt:ils n'kZu nsusdh Ñik dhA buosQ euesa
Hkko vk;k fd eSaus rks Hkxoku~ls bl çdkj n'kZu nsusdh çkFkZuk ugha
dh] Hkxoku~us fdl çdkj ;g egku~ vuqxzg fd;kA buosQ euesa ;g
iqQjuk gqbZ fd Hkxoku~ esjs }kjk fu"dke HkfDrdk çpkj djokuk
pkgrs gSa blfy;s n'kZu nsdj ,d çdkjls ;g vkns'k fn;k gSA
HkfDrosQ çpkj&fufeÙk mUgksaus xhrkçsl [kksyk ogk¡ lLrs
ewY;ij xhrk] jkek;.k rFkk vU; ikjekfFZkd lkfgR; tulk/kj.kdks
feyusdh O;oLFkk dhA LoxkZJeesa HkkxhjFkh xaxkosQ fdukjs oSjkX;e;
oVo`{kij ý&þ eghusosQ fy;s lRlaxdk vk;kstu djuk çkjEHk
fd;kA fdlh çdkj euq"; Hkxoku~dh vksj vxzlj gks blosQ fy;s
mUgksaus vFkd ç;kl fd;kA vU; LFkkuksaij ?kwe&?kwedj Hkh
Hkxon~Hkkoksadk çpkj djrs jgsA dY;k.k ekfld if=kdkdk çdk'ku
fd;kA
,sls tufgrdkjh egkiq#"kus ,d vuks[kh lw> ([kkst) djh
fd ej.kklUu O;fDrdks HkxoUuke] xhrkth vkfn lqukdj mudks
eqDr fd;k tk;sA ej.kklUu O;fDr gh ugha mudks HkxoUuke]
xhrkth lqukusokys Hkh eqDr gks tk;sa] ;g ,d çdkjls eqfDrdh
ywVdk mik; lkspkA bl gsrq mUgksaus xksfoUnHkou dydÙkk] xksj[kiqj
vkfnesa ijelsok lfefrdh LFkkiuk dh] ogk¡ yksxksadks bl ije
lsokosQ fy;s mRlkfgr fd;kA vkSj fdrus gh yksxksadks bl çdkj
eqDr fd;kA
param sawa/09-7-11
2

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

AA Jhgfj%AA
çopu ua-

fo"k;&lwph
çopu ua12345678910111213141516171819-

fo"k;

ije lsok
ftlus xhrk] xaxk vkSj Hkxoku~osQ ukedks viuk;k--lqukusokysdk Hkh dY;k.k] lquusokysdk Hkh dY;k.k--fdlh Hkh fl¼kUrls 'kksd djuk ugha curk---Hkxoku~osQ è;ku :ih jLlsdks ugha NksM+sa
Hkxoku~dh bPNkesa viuh bPNk feyk nsa
Hkxoku~ vkSj egkiq#"kksaosQ çHkkodh ckrsa
vius lk/udk fujh{k.k djsa
ti djusokysosQ vkuUn vkSj 'kkfUr Lor% jgrh gS
,d ckj lkjh i`Fohdk pDdj yxk yks ;k ,d---vxj dkeesa ys rks u;h gS
le;dh veksydrk
drZO; le>dj Hkxon~Hktu djuk
gj le; euq"; Hkxoku~dks ;kn j[k ldrk gS
bl ckrij Hkxoku~ xkjUVh nsrs gSa
cgqrls tUe rks gekjs gks pqosQ
psrkouh
Hkxoku~osQ fpUrudk egÙo
lalkjls oSjkX; vkSj Hkxoku~esa çseosQ fo"k;esa

i`"B-la1
6
8
11
19
20
23
24
27
30
32
33
43
44
50
53
60
63
78
param sawa/09-7-11
3

fo"k;

i`"B-la-

2021222324252627282930313233343536-

,d ckj Hkxoku~dks ç.kke djuk nl v'oes?k---Hkxoku~ [kqn vkdj ys tkrs gSa
Hkxoku~ çR;sddh bPNk iw.kZ djrs gSa
O;ogkj bruk djs ftlls Hktuesa ck/k u vkos
Hkxoku~dh çkfIr 24 ?k.Vsesa gks ldrh gS
Hkxoku~osQ Lo:iosQ è;kuosQ fy;s çsj.kk
è;kukoLFkkesa çHkqls okrkZyki
vUrdkyosQ Lej.kdk egÙo
Hkxoku~dks [kksdj Hkksxksaesa eu nsuk ew[kZrk gS
Hkxoku~osQ jgusosQ ik¡p LFkku iqLrd dk va'k
uketils fo/krkosQ ys[k feV tkrs gSa vkSj mldh---Hkxoku~ jkth gks og dke djsa
ej.kklUu O;fDrdks HkxoUuke lqukuk vf/d---rRdky eqfDr pkfg;s rks ej.kklUu O;fDrdks---Hkxoku~osQ è;kuesa e`R;q gks rks vkuUn&gh&vkuUn gS
lcdk dY;k.k gks ;g Hkko j[ks
e`R;q le;osQ mipkj

81
86
95
103
105
108
110
117
122
128
131
135
142
145
147
148
150

123-

ije J¼s; (HkkbZth) Jhguqekuçlknth iksíkj dk vuqHko 153
ije J¼s; Lokehth Jhjkelq[knklth egkjktosQ çopu
159
Jhen~Hkkxoregkiqjk.kosQ "k"Be LdU/dk vtkfey mik[;ku 180

2

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

bl çdkj Hkxoku~ çfrKk djosQ dgrs gSAa vtquZ dks 'kadk gqbZ
fd tc ,slh lqxe vkSj çR;{k iQyokyh /eZe; ckr gS rks lc
dksbZ bldk ikyu D;ksa ugha djrs\ rc Hkxoku~us dgkµ
vJí/kuk% iq # "kk /eZ L ;kL; ijUri A
vçkI; eka fuorZUrs e`R;qlalkjoReZfu AA

AA Jhgfj% AA

ije lsok
(çopu ua- 1)

,d lsok gS vkSj nwljh ije lsokA nwljsosQ fgrosQ fy;s
Hkkstu&vkPNknu nsuk] 'kjhjdks vkjke ig¡qpkuk] lkalkfjd lq[kosQ
fy;s ru&eu&/u viZ.k djuk lsok gSA ije lsok ;g gS fd viuk
ru&eu&/u viZ.k djosQ nwljsdk dY;k.k dj nsA fdlhdks vkthfodk
nsuk ;g ykSfdd lsok gS vkSj og ijekfFkZd lsok gS fd tks
ijekRekdh çkfIresa yxs gq, gSa mUgsa gj&,d çdkjdh oLrq nsa] mUgsa
ijekRekosQ utnhd ig¡qpkusesa enn nsaA dksbZ ejusokyk gS vkSj mldh
bPNk gS fd esjsdks dksbZ xhrkth lqukosA vki mlosQ ikl ig¡qp x;s]
vkSj mldks xhrkth lquk;h rks ;g ije lsok gqbZA ije lsok og gS
ftlosQ ckn mldks lsokdh vko'drk ughaA vkius yk[k vknfe;ksd
a h
lsok dh] #i;k&vkS"k/ fn;k] Hkkstu vkfn fn;k vkSj nwljh rjiQ
vkius ,ddh Hkh ije lsok dh rks ;g muls c<+dj gSA mlosQ
vusd tUeksadk vUr djk fn;kA vuUr tUe gksusls mldh j{kk dhA
e`R;qdk lkxj lkeus gSA
xhrkthesa Hkxoku~us /eZ crk;k gSµ
jktfo|k jktxq á a ifo=kfeneq Ù kee~ A
çR;{kkoxea /E;Za lqlq[ka drqZeO;;e~ AA

(xhrk ù@ý)

vFkkZr~µgs ijUri ! bl mi;ZqDr /eZesa J¼kjfgr iq#"k
eq>dks u çkIr gksdj e`R;q:i lalkjpØesa Hkze.k djrs jgrs gSaA
tSls tydk lkxj gS] oSls e`R;qdk lkxj gSA leqæesa tyosQ
vuUr d.k (cwansa) gSaA oSls tcrd eks{k ugha gksxk rcrd Hkkohesa
gksusokyh e`R;qdh la[;k ugha gSA vkiosQ }kjk ,ddk dY;k.k gks
x;k rks og ije&lsok gSA blosQ eqdkcysesa djksM+ksadh vkthou
lsok Hkh ugha gSA tc vkidks ije&lsokdk ekSdk feysµejusokyk
pkgrk gS fd gekjk Hkfo"; ugha fcxM+s rks ,slh lsok vo'; djuh
pkfg;sA f'kodk HkDr gks rks mlosQ xysesa #æk{kdh ekyk /kj.k
djk;s vkSj fo".kqdk HkDr gks rks Hkxoku~ ukjk;.kdk uke vkSj
xq.kksd
a k dhrZu lquk;s] rqylh rFkk xaxkty nsoAas vUrdkyesa Hkxoku~dk
uke Lej.k djkosaA mlosQ lkeus Hkxoku~dk fp=k j[ksaA us=kksaosQ lkeus
Hkxoku~dk Lo:i jgs vkSj ukedk dhrZu gksrk jgs rks Hkhrj
Hkxoku~dh Le`fr gksxhA Hkkxor] jkek;.kdh iqLrosaQ eqÝresa nas ;k
de dheresa nsaA Hkkxor] jkek;.kdh dFkk dgs&lqukos ;k lqusA
fdlh çdkj çpkj djsA iSlk] le;] 'kfDr bl dkeesa yxkosa] tks
vius tu gksa mUgsa Hkh bl dkeesa yxkosaA ru&eu&/u&tu lcdks
Hkxoku~osQ dkeesa yxkosaA tks nwljksaesa Hkxoku~dk çpkj djrk gS] og
Hkxoku~dk ije&HkDr gSA Hkxoku~ dgrs gSaµ^gs vtqZu ! rqEgkjs vkSj

(xhrk ù@ü)

vFkkZr~µ;g foKkulfgr Kku lc fo|kvksadk jktk] lc
xksiuh;ksadk jktk] vfr ifo=k] vfr mÙke] çR;{k iQyokyk]
/eZ;qDr] lk/u djusesa cM+k lqxe vkSj vfouk'kh gSA
param sawa/09-7-11
4

ije lsok

3

4

esjs laokndk tks dksbZ lalkjesa çpkj djsxk] mlls c<+dj esjk I;kjk
dke djusokyk lalkjesa u gS vkSj u gksxkA*
u p rLekUeuq";s"kq dfÜÓUes fç;ÑÙke% A
Hkfork u p es rLeknU;% fç;rjks Hkqfo AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

vius yM+osQdks dgk djrs Fks fd cM+h L=kh ekrkosQ leku gS] NksVh
cguosQ leku] vkSj Hkh NksVh gks og iq=khosQ leku gSA ,d fnu
dchjus dgkµcsVk vc rqEgkjh mez ûø lkydh gks xbZ gS] rqEgkjk
fookg djsaxs] rks dekyus dgkµvki esjk fookg ekrk] cfgu ;k
yM+dh fdlosQ lkFk djsasxs\ dgk Hkh x;k gSµ^vk/k HkDr dchj
Fkk] iwjk HkDr dekyA*
jSnkl Hkxoku~osQ HkDr Fks] tkfrosQ pekj FksA mudh yM+dh
Hkh HkDr FkhA dksbZ Hkxoku~osQ n'kZuosQ fy;s jSnklosQ ?kj vk;kA
jSnklus viuh yM+dhls dgkµcsVh] bldks xaxkty fiyk nks] bls
Hkxoku~osQ n'kZu gks tk;saxsA ftl ikuhesa peM+k j¡xk tkrk Fkk
mlesals yksVk Hkjdj ys x;hA peM+k j¡xusokyk gksusls mlus og
ikuh ugha ih;k] fdUrq ,d nwljk HkDr ftldh J¼k Fkh mlus ih
fy;k rks mls Hkxoku~osQ n'kZu gks x;s] og ukpus&xkus yxkA
Hkxoku~osQ çR;{k n'kZu gks x;sA mlosQ diM+sij oqQN ikuh fxj x;k
FkkA og diM+k fupksM+&fupksM+dj yksx ikuh ihus yxs] ftlus ih;k
mldks n'kZu gks x;sA cknesa ml HkDrdks viuh Hkwy le>esa vk;h
rks og jSnklthosQ ikl iqu% x;k rks jSnklthus dgkµ^ og ikuh
eqyrku x;k vc isQj ugha vkouk A* og yM+dh rks llqjky x;hA
mldk llqjky eqyrku FkkA
;g euq";&'kjhj] HkkjrHkwfe] vk;kZorZ] mlesa Hkh mÙkjk[k.M]
Hkxorh xaxkdk fdukjk] mldh js.kqdkdk vklu] xaxkdk ty ihus
vkSj LukuosQ fy;s feyrk gSA blls c<+dj ifo=k vkSj ,dkUr LFkku
ughaA ,slk ekSdk vius ?kjij ugha feyrkA oVdh Nk;kosQ eqdkcys
vkSj Nk;k ugha tks 'khrdkyesa xje vkSj xehZesa 'khry jgrh gS]
blls c<+dj dksbZ ughaA oSfnd lukru /eZ lcls çkphu gSA mÙke

(xhrk ûø@öù)

ije&lsok djusdh dksf'k'k djsaA Hkxoku~ls çkFkZuk djsaA
vkSj vxj bl dkeosQ fy;s ujdesa Hkh tkuk iM+s rks Lohdkj djsaA
og ujd Hkh vkiosQ fy;s oSoqQ.Bls c<+dj gksxkA ,d dFkk vkrh
gSµdksbZ HkDr ;eyksdosQ iklls gksdj tk jgk Fkk] mls lquk;h iM+k
oqQN yksx jksrs vkSj fpYykrs gSaA mlus ik"kZnksals iwNk fd ;g D;k
ckr gS\ ik"kZn cksysµ^egkjkt ;g ;eyksd gS] ;gk¡ tho ;e&;kruk
Hkqxr jgs gSaA* vPNk] rks foeku Bgjkvks vkSj oqQN utnhd ys
pyksA utnhd igq¡ps rks yksxksaus dgk fd vkiosQ n'kZuls vkSj
vkiosQ Li'kZ dh gqbZ ok;qls gesa çlUurk vkSj 'kkfUr gks jgh gSA
;eosQ lc 'kL=k HkksFkjs gks jgs gSa] ;e&;kruk de gks x;h gS]
blfy;s vkils ;g çkFkZuk gS fd vki ftruh nsj vf/d Bgj losaQ
mrus vf/d Bgj tk;¡A os ogha Bgj x;sA ik"kZnksaus dgkµ egkjkt !
pfy;sA mlus tokc fn;kµge rks ;gha Bgjsxa As ik"kZnksua s dgkµvkidks
rks oSoqQ.Byksdesa pyuk gSA rks mlus tokc fn;k fd Hkxoku~dks ;g
lans'k dguk fd bu yksxksadh Hkh ogk¡ xqatkb'k gksrh gks rks ogk¡ pysa]
vU;Fkk ge ;gha jgsaxsA rqe iwN vkvksA ik"kZn m/j x;s vkSj b/j
bUgksaus Hkxoku~dk dhrZu djkuk 'kq: fd;k rks Hkxoku~ çdV gks x;sA
lcdk m¼kj dj fn;kA vr,o vkidks ekSdk feyk gSA fdlhdh
ije&lsok djusdk ekSdk vk;s rks ije lkSHkkX; ekuuk pkfg;sA
dchj HkDr Fks vkSj mudk yM+dk Hkh HkDr FkkA dchj
param sawa/09-7-11
5

ije lsok

5

6

ns'k] dky vkSj tkfr feyh gS] ,slk ekSdk ikdj fiQj Hkh viuk
dY;k.k ugha gks rks rqylhnklth dgrs gSaµ
tks u rjS Hko lkxj uj lekt vl ikb A
lks Ñr fuand eanefr vkRekgu xfr tkb AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo
AA Jhgfj% AA

ftlus xhrk] xaxk vkSj Hkxoku~osQ
ukedks viuk;k mldh ;ejktosQ ;gk¡
ppkZ ugha gksrh

(jk-p-ek-mÙkj&þþ)

vFkZµ tks euq"; ,sls lk/u ikdj Hkh Hkolkxjls u rjs]
og Ñr?u vkSj eUn&cqf¼ gS vkSj vkRegR;k djusokysdh xfrdks
çkIr gksrk gSA
lks ij=k nq[k ikob flj /qfu /qfu ifNrkb A
dkyfg deZfg bZLojfg feF;k nksl yxkb AA

(çopu ua- 2)

LoxkZJe
fnukad 14&04&1941 çkr%dky

euesa tks'k j[kuk pkfg;sA tc ijes'ojdh bruh Ñik gS] rks
mldh Ñikls mudk è;ku yxuk dfBu ugha gSA lcls c<+dj
mudh ;g n;k gS fd euq";dk 'kjhj gedks fn;k] Hkkjr Hkwfeesa
tUe vkSj ;g HkkxhjFkhdk rV çkIr gqvkA Hkkjresa tUe gksdj Hkh
oSfnd lukru /eZesa tUe gqvk&tks lcdk vkfn ekuk tkrk gSA
fiQj ;g mÙke&ls&mÙke LFkku] lkFk&lkFk dfy;qx ftlesa FkksM+s gh
dkyesa lk/u djusls ijekRekdh çkfIr gks ldrh gSA fiQj Hkxoku~dh
ppkZ ;g lkjh ckrsa ijekRekdh Ñikls gh çkIr gksrh gSaA
bl n`';dks ?kj tkdj Hkh ;kn dj yssa] rks LokHkkfod gh
oSjkX;dh ygjsa mBus yxsA ;gk¡ rks LokHkkfod gh lkfÙodrk vkSj
oSjkX;dk Hkko gksrk gSA ;g HkkxhjFkh xaxk gS blosQ n'kZuls
vUr%dj.k 'kq¼ vkSj lkfÙod gks tkrk gS] fiQj Luku vkSj ikudh
rks ckr gh D;k gSA 'kkL=kksaesa xaxkthosQ fy;s ;gk¡ rd crk;k gS fd
xaxkthosQ n'kZuls euq"; ifo=k gks tkrk gS vkSj vUrdkyesa mls
Hkxoku~dh çkfIr gks tkrh gSA
Jh'kadjkpk;Zth dgrs gSaµ
^^ Hkxon~xhrk fdafpn/hrk] xaxktyyodf.kdk ihrk **

(jk-p-ek-mÙkj&þý)

vFkZµ og ijyksdesa nq%[k ikrk gS] flj ihV&ihVdj
iNrkrk gS rFkk ¹viuk nks"k u le>djº dkyij] deZij vkSj
bZ'ojij feF;k nks"k yxkrk gSA
,d foKkukuUn?ku czãosQ flok; dksbZ ughaA 'kjhj vkSj lalkjdk
vR;UrkHkko dj ns]a ekuks gS gh ugha vkSj ml foKkukuUn?ku czãesa
rUe; dj ns] fiQj vkuUn&gh&vkuUn gSA iw.kkZuUn vikj vkuUn------bl
çdkjdk è;ku fuxq.Z k&fujkdkj czãdk è;ku gSA è;kudkyesa tks czãdk
Lo:i gS mlls foy{k.k çkfIrokyk Lo:i gSA
ftlosQ çk.k tk jgs gSa] mldks Hkxon~fo"k;d ckr lquk;h
tk; rks og lcls c<+dj gSA pkgs viuk dY;k.k ugha gksA
fu"dkedeZdk FkksM+k&lk ikyu egku~ Hk;ls m¼kj dj nsrk gSA
AA gfj% ¬ rRlr~ AA
(;g ys[k xhrkçsldh iqLrd ^esjk vuqHko* dksM+&958 ls fy;k x;k gSA)

(Lrks=kjRukoyhesa piZVi×tfjdkLrks=ke~ ls] 'yksd&ÿ)
param sawa/09-7-11
6

ftlus xhrk] xaxk vkSj Hkxoku~osQ ukedks----

7

8

vFkkZr~µ ftlus Hkxon~xhrkdks oqQN Hkh i<+k gS] xaxktydh
ftlus ,d c¡nw Hkh ih gS] ,d ckj Hkh ftlus Hkxoku~ JhÑ".kpUædk
vpZu fd;k gS] mldh ;ejkt D;k ppkZ dj ldrk gS\
tks Hkxon~xhrkdk fdafpr~ ek=k Hkh vè;;u djrk gS vkSj
xaxkthosQ tydk yo ek=k Hkh iku djrk gS& mldh ;eyksdesa
ppkZ Hkh ugha gksrh] mldh vkRek ifo=k gks tkrh gSA gekjs ;gk¡
ifjikVh gS fd tc euq"; ejrk gS ml le; mls xhrkth lqukbZ
tkrh gS] rqylhthdk vkSj xaxktydk iku djk;k tkrk gSA bl
HkkxhjFkh xaxkosQ rVij geyksx mifLFkr gq, gSa& ;g HkkxhjFkhthdh
Ñik gh gS vkSj Hkxoku~dh Ñik rks gS ghA Hkxoku~dh ftlij Ñik
gksrh gS] mlij lcdh Ñik gksrh gSA geyksxksadks oSjkX;iwoZd è;ku
djuk pkfg;sA tc vkuUndh ?kks"k.kk gksrh gS] ml le; vykSfdd
'kkfUr çrhr gksrh gSA ;g çHkqdh vykSfdd Ñik gSA è;kuosQ iwoZesa
o`fÙk;k¡ 'kkUr gks tkrh gSaA FkksM+k Hkh è;ku yxrk gS rks 'kkfUrdh ck<+
vk tkrh gS] ijekRekdk tks fpUe; Lo:i gS] mldk çknqHkkZo gks
tkrk gSA ml le; vykSfdd 'kkfUr feyrh gSA blosQ iwoZ vkidks
FkksM+k xhrkthdk fl¼kUr crk;k tkrk gSA okLroesa rks xhrkthdk
fl¼kUr osQoy Hkxoku~ gh tkurs gSaA ;g Kku&HkfDrdk lkxj gS]
vFkkg gS] blesa tks Mqcdh yxkrk gS] og ml&e; (xhrke;) gks
tkrk gSA xhrk:ih tks xaxk gS og vius vkRekosQ dY;k.kosQ fy;s
gS] bl xhrk:ih xaxkosQ ,d 'yksddks /kj.k dj ysa] rks dY;k.k gks
ldrk gSA ijekRekdh çkfIrosQ fy;s xhrkthdk ,d 'yksd cgqr gSA
xhrkthdks ge xaxkls Hkh c<+dj dg ldrs gSAa xaxkesa Luku djusokyk
vki [kqn eqDr gks ldrk gS] fdUrq xhrk:ih xaxkesa Luku djusokyk
nwljksadks Hkh eqDr dj ldrk gSA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo
AA Jhgfj% AA

lqukusokysdk Hkh dY;k.k] lquusokysdk Hkh
dY;k.k] ;g xfr dk'kh vkfn lIriqjhdh
e`R;qls c<+dj gSA
(çopu ua- 3)

LoxkZJe] çkr%dky oVo`{k
fnukad 31&05&1943

euq";dks ;fn ejuk gks rks ti&è;ku djrs gq, ejuk pkfg;sA
;g ejuk dk'khesa ejusls Hkh c<+dj gSA
vUrdkys p ekeso LejUeqDRok
dysoje~ A
;% ç;kfr l en~Hkkoa ;kfr ukLR;=k la'k;% AA
(xhrk ø@ÿ)

vFkkZr~µ tks iq#"k vUrdkyesa esjsdks gh Lej.k djrk gqvk
'kjhjdks R;kx dj tkrk gS] og esjs lk{kkr~ Lo:idks çkIr gksrk gS]
blesa oqQN Hkh la'k; ugha gSA
çHkks ! eSa lk{kkr~ n'kZudk ik=k ugha gw¡ rks gs çHkks !
vUrdkyesa vkidh Le`fr rks ns nksA lkjs tUeosQ fd;s gq, 'kqHk
deksZaosQ cnysesa ;g lkSnk gksrk gks rks dj yksA Hkxoku~ls oqQN ugha
ek¡xuk pkfg;s] ij ek¡xks rks ;g ek¡xyksA ckyhdh ckr vkrh gS&
^^vc rks çHkq ;gh Ñik djks fd ftl&ftl ;ksfuesa vius deksZaosQ
vuqlkj tUe y¡]w ml&ml ;ksfuesa vkiesa çse gks vkSj vkiosQ pj.kksea as
vuqjkx gksA** ckyhesa fdruk LokFkZ R;kx gS] blfy;s Hkxoku~us
ckyhdks ije/ke Hkst fn;kA
çdj.k ;g py jgk Fkk fd vUrle;esa ejusokys HkkbZ&cgu
dks tkdj HkxoUuke lqukos] rks ml uke lquusoQs fufeÙkls ejusokysoQs
çk.k Hkxoku~dks ;kn djrs gq, fudysa rks mldk csM+kikj gS]
lqukusokys HkkbZdk dke gks x;kA vUrdkydh ;g xfr dk'khesa
ejusls Hkh c<+dj gSA lIriqfj;ksa (lIriqfj;ksoa Qs ukeµv;ksè;k] eFkqjk]

(;g çopu isM ua-&56 i`"B&55 ls fy;k x;k gSA)
;g isM D;k gS\ & ;g isM J¼s; lsBthosQ iqjkus çopuksa dk laxzg fd;k gqvk gLrfyf[kr
dkWih@jftLVj dks dgrs gSa] tks fd xhrk&Hkou] LoxkZJe (Îf"kosQ'k) esa feyrs gSAa
param sawa/09-7-11
7

lqukusokysdk Hkh dY;k.k] lquusokysdk----

10

9

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

'kq¼ gks tkrh gS] vUr%dj.k ifo=k gks tkrk gSA mlesa Hkxoku~dk
Hkko gks tkrk gSA
ok.khls HkxoUuke mPpkj.k djsa] ok.kh Fkd tkos rks 'oklls
ti djsaA euls Hkxoku~dk è;ku djsa] gkFkksals eLrdls Hkxoku~dks
ueLdkj djsaA dY;k.k rks osQoy Hkxoku~osQ Lej.kls gh gks tkrk gSA
Hktu] è;ku] uke&ti fdlh Hkh ,d phtls Hkxoku~ çlUu
gks tkrs gS a A xhrkthes a dgk gS & ;Kkuka ti;Kks ¿ fLe
(xhrk ûú@üÿ) vkSj ;K lc lk/u gSa] ti ;K [kkl esjk Lo:i
gS] [kkl Hkxoku~ gSaA
gekjh e`R;q gksusokyh gks rks lc phtksadh ;kuh Hktu]
è;ku] ti lcdh ps"Vk djsAa nwljsdh e`R;qdk le; gks vkSj geyksxksd
a ks
mls HkxoUuke lqukusdk ekSdk fey tk; rks cgqr gh vkuUndh ckr
gSA nwljsdks Hkkstu djkuk] ,oa t:jr iM+us ij [kqn R;kx djuk ;g
cgqr mPpdksfVdk Hkko gSA ^R;kxkPNkfUrjuUrje~* (xhrk ûü@ûü)
vFkkZr~& R;kxls rRdky gh ije&'kkfUr gksrh gSA ftruk R;kx gS
mruk gh m¡Qpk gSA
vxj vkdk'kok.kh gks tk; fd cksyks& fdl ,d dk
dY;k.k fd;k tk;\ eq>dks iwNsaxs rks eSa rks ;gh dgw¡ fd çHkq !
eq>dks NksM+dj pkgs ftldk dj nksA ;fn lc yksx ;gh ckr dgsa
rks lcdk dY;k.k gks tk;sxkA vkSj ;fn ge lc yksx ;gh dgsa fd
cl esjk dj nks] rks Hkxoku~ dgsaxs fd cl fu.kZ; djosQ crykvks
fdl ,d dk djsaA fu.kZ; ugha djsaxs rks Hkxoku~ pys tk;saxsA
tks vius dY;k.kdh ckr NksM+dj nwljsdk dY;k.k pkgrk
gS] mls eqfDrdk lnkozr ck¡Vusdk ekSdk feyrk gSA eqDr gksuk rks
vkjke pkguk gSA vius rks yksxksadh lsok ek¡xuh pkfg,A lnkozr
ck¡Vrs gh jgsa] Lo;a pkgs miokl gh djsaA bl mioklesa cM+h 'kkfUr
gksrh gS] ;g cM+k vykSfdd vkuUn gSA

ek;kiqjh ¹du[ky&gfj}kjls ysdj y{e.k >wys rdº] dk'kh] dk¡ph
¹rfeyukMqº] vofUrdk ¹mTtSuº] }kjdkiqjh)&ls Hkh c<+dj gSA
dk'khesa tks ikih ejrk gS mls ikidk n.M Hkqxrkdj eqfDr nh tkrh
gS] ýöúúú (Nrhl gtkj) o"kZ rddh iki Hkqxrusdh vof/ gSA ij
tks Hkxoku~osQ uke] :i] xq.k] çHkko] rÙo vkSj jgL;dks ;kn djrk
gqvk tkrk gS og rks rRdky gh eqDr gks tkrk gSA mldh l|kseqfDr
gks tkrh gSA pkgs og dk'khesa u ejdj gfjtuosQ ?kjesa gh ejsA
xhrkth dgrh gS& vUrdkys p ekeso (xhrk ø@ÿ)A ;g dksbZ
fj;k;rdh ckr ugha gS] ;g Hkxoku~dk lkekU; dkuwu gSA
;a ;a okfi LejUHkkoa R;tR;Urs dysoje~ A
ra resoSfr dkSUrs; lnk rn~HkkoHkkfor% AA
(xhrk ø@ö)

vFkkZr~µ ;g euq"; vUrdkyesa ftl&ftl Hkh Hkkodks
Lej.k djrk gqvk 'kjhjdks R;kxrk gS] ml&mldks gh çkIr gksrk gSA
ijUrq lnk ftl Hkkodk fpUru djrk gS çk;% vUrdkyesa Hkh
mlhdk Lej.k gksrk gSA
oqQÙksdks ;kn (euu) djrk gqvk tkrk gS rks oqQÙkk curk gSA
x/sdks ;kn djrk gS rks x/k curk gSA ,sls gh Hkxoku~oQs fy;s Hkh ;gh
dkuwu gS fd Hkxoku~dks ;kn djrk gqvk tks tkrk gS og Hkxoku~dks
çkIr gksrk gSA
MkDVjh nokbZesa czkUMh (efnjk) gksrh gS ftlls rkelh o`fÙk
gks tkrh gSA ejrs le; rkelh o`fresa jgusokyk O;fDr o`{k ;k
igkM+ curk gSA MkDVjh nokbZ nsusdh vis{kk ns'kh] 'kq¼ ,oa ifo=k
vkS"k/ nsuh pkfg;sA thuk gksxk rks oS|dh nokls gh th tk;sxk]
MkDVjh nokls D;k iQk;nk\ ej.kklUu O;fDrdks HkxoUuke dhrZu
lqukuk pkfg;sA ftlls mldh vkRekdk dY;k.k gksA
Hkh"eth 'kj&'kSÕ;kij iM+s gSa] vius ;ksX; ty ek¡xrs gSa]
vtquZ us ck.k ekjdj xaxkty çdV dj fn;kA Hkh"eth rks xaxkiq=k Fks
muosQ yk;d ogh ty FkkA vUr le;esa xaxkty fiykusls cqf¼

(;g çopu isM ua-& 86 i`"B& 23] 24 ls fy;k x;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k -----------param sawa/09-7-11
8

12

11

vtqZuosQ çfr fn;k fd rw 'kksd ugha djusokyksaosQ fy;s 'kksd djrk
gS] rw oqQVqEcokyksaosQ fy;s 'kksd djrk gSA og 'kksd djus yk;d
ugha gSaA
j?kquUnu ukeosQ O;fDrdk 'kjhj 'kkUr gks x;k] mlosQ
?kjokys 'kksd dj jgs Fks mUgsa le>k;k x;k fd 'kksd ugha djuk
pkfg;sA fdlhosQ ?kjesa dksbZ ej tkrk gS] rks ckgjls vkneh vkrs gSa
mUgsa cM+k d"V gksrk gSA fdlhosQ ;gk¡ dksbZ ej tk; rks vkusokys tks
gksa mUgsa i=k fy[kdj euk dj nsuk pkfg;s fd tks ckr gksuh Fkh og
rks gks x;hA vkidks vkus&tkusesa rdyhiQ gksxhA
gj ,d HkkbZ] ekrk&cgudks ;g ckr le>uh pkfg;s vkSj
le>dj dkeesa ykuh pkfg;s fd ?kjesa 'kksd gks tk; rks lRlax
djuk pkfg;sA vfHkeU;qdh e`R;q gks xbZ rks Íf"k yksx vk;s jktk
;qf/f"Bjdks mins'k fn;k fd vfHkeU;q 'kksd djus yk;d ugha gSA
'kksd djus yk;d og gS tks vkRegR;k djosQ ejrk gSA
;gk¡dh Hkwfe rhFkZHkwfe gS] ek;kiqjh gS (du[ky&gfj}kjls
ysdj y{e.k >wys rd)] ;gk¡ dksbZ ejs rks 'kksd ugha djuk pkfg;sA
ejusosQ le; Hkxoku~osQ ukedk] xq.kksadk dhrZu gksrk jgs rks cM+k
mÙke gSA fo".kqiqjk.kesa ,d dFkk gS fd ;ejkt vius nwrksadks le>k
jgs gSa fd tgk¡ dhrZu gksrk gS] ml e`rdosQ ikl rqe er tkukA
tkvksxs rks iQthrh gksxhA
ejusokysoQs ikl xhrkthdk ikB] dhrZu] lRlax djuk pkfg;sA
rqylh] xaxkty fiykosa rks ;eosQ nwr ikl gh ugha vk ldrsA
^^xaxktyyodf.kdk ihrk** A
,slk tgk¡ gks mldh ppkZ ;ejkt Hkh ugha djrsA Hkxoku~us
xhrkthesa dgk gSµ
vUrdkys p ekeso LejUeqDRok dysoje~ A
;% ç;kfr l en~Hkkoa ;kfr ukLR;=k la'k;% AA

AA Jhgfj% AA

fdlh Hkh fl¼kUrls 'kksd djuk ugha
curk] nq%[kdk ewy gS eerk
(çopu ua- 4)

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

LoxkZJe] çkr%dky oVo`{k
tsB cnh 15 laor~ 2002
lu~&1945

Hkxoku~ xhrkthesa dgrs gSa v- 2 'yksd 11 ls ysdj 30 rdµ
v'kksP;kuUo'kkspLRoa çKkoknkaÜÓ Hkk"kls A
xrklwuxrklwaÜÓ ukuq'kkspfUr if.Mrk% AA
(xhrk ü@ûû)

vFkkZr~µ gs vtZqu ! tks 'kksd djusosQ yk;d ugha gS muosQ
fy;s rw 'kksd djrk gS vkSj if.Mrksadh&lh ckr cukrk gS fdUrq
okLroesa if.Mr gS ughaA tks if.Mr gksrs gSa os ftuosQ çk.k pys x;s
muosQ fy;s vkSj ftuosQ çk.k ugha x;s gSa muosQ fy;s Hkh 'kksd ugha
djrsA
;gk¡ij dbZ HkkbZ blfy;s Hkh vkrs gSa fd ogk¡ pyks] ckrsa
lqusaxs rks fpUrk fiQdj nwj gksxhA lHkh yksx fpUrk fiQdjesa Mwcs gq,
gSa fdUrq os ekurs ugha] ouesa e`x gjh&gjh ?kkl pjrs gSa mUgsa irk
ugha vpkud flag vkdj ekj nsxkA blh çdkj ge fo"k;&Hkksx
Hkksxrs gSa] ;g irk ugha fd dky vkdj vpkud ekjsxkA
vktdy NksVh mezesa vf/d ckyd ejrs gSa] blfy;s fdlh
Hkh mezesa dksbZ Hkh ej ldrk gSA ;g [;ky djuk pkfg;s fd tks ej
pqosQ] os ej pqosQ ckdh cps gSa mUgsa vkSj ejuk gS] dksbZ mik; ugha
ftlls dksbZ cp losQA
?kjesa dksbZ ej tk; rks fpUrk fiQdj ugha djuk pkfg;sA
'kksd rks djuk gh ugha pkfg;sA ;gh mins'k Hkxoku~ JhÑ".kus

(xhrk ø@ÿ)
param sawa/09-7-11
9

fdlh Hkh fl¼kUrls 'kksd djuk ugha curk----

14

13

vFkkZr~µ tks iq#"k vUrdkyesa esjsdks gh Lej.k djrk gqvk
'kjhjdks R;kx dj tkrk gS] og esjs lk{kkr~ Lo:idks çkIr gksrk gS]
blesa oqQN Hkh la'k; ugha gSA
;g (xaxk fdukjsdh) rks Hkwfe gh dY;k.k djusokyh gSA
Hkxoku~ xhrkthesa mins'k nsrs gSaµ
v'kksP;kuUo'kkspLRoa çKkoknkaÜÓ Hkk"kls A
xrklwuxrklwaÜÓ ukuq'kkspfUr if.Mrk% AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

lukru gS 'kjhjosQ uk'k gksusij Hkh vkRekdk uk'k ugha gksrkA
'kjhjosQ fy;s Hkh D;ksa 'kksd djuk pkfg;sA Hkxoku~ dgrs
gSµ
a
vO;ÙkQknhfu Hkwrkfu O;ÙkQeè;kfu Hkkjr A
vO;ÙkQfu/ukU;so r=k dk ifjnsouk AA
(xhrk ü@üø)

vFkkZr~µ lHkh çk.kh igys fcuk vkdkjokys Fks] cknesa Hkh
vkdkjokys ugha jgsaxsA osQoy chpesa vkdkjokys cu x;s mlosQ
fy;s D;k fpUrk gSA
jkf=kesa tSls fdlhdks LoIuesa fgUnqLrkudk jkT; feys] tkxusij
og jksus yxs blh rjg ;g ckr gSA 'kjhjksadk fouk'k rks gksuk gh gSA
tks uk'k gksusokyk gh gS mlosQ fy;s D;ksa 'kksd djuk pkfg;sA
tks vkRekdk tUeuk ejuk ekurs gSa ;g ew[kksZadk fl¼kUr gSA
;fn og Hkh fl¼kUr ekuk tk; rks muosQ fl¼kUrls Hkh ;g ckr
fl¼ gksrh gS fd tks tUes gSa os rks ejsaxs ghA fdlh Hkh fl¼kUrls]
fdlh Hkh çdkjls 'kksd djuk ugha curkA
;fn dgks fd ge rks vkRekls 'kjhjksadk fo;ksx gksrk gS
mlosQ fy;s 'kksd djrs gSaA rks mlosQ fy;s Hkh 'kksd ugha djuk
pkfg;sA Hkxoku~ dgrs gSaµ
oklkafl th.kkZfu ;Fkk fogk; uokfu x`Êkfr ujks¿ijkf.k A
rFkk 'kjhjkf.k fogk; th.kkZU;U;kfu la;kfr uokfu nsgh AA

(xhrk ü@ûû)

vFkkZr~µ gs vtqZu ! rw u 'kksd djus ;ksX;ksaosQ fy;s 'kksd
djrk gS vkSj if.MrksaosQ&ls opuksadks dgrk gS] ijUrq if.Mrtu
ftuosQ çk.k pys x;s gSa muosQ fy;s vkSj ftuosQ çk.k ugha x;s gSa
muosQ fy;s Hkh 'kksd ugha djrs gSaA
vtqZuosQ fufeÙk Hkxokuus~ lkjh nqfu;k¡dks mins'k fn;k gSA
'kksd djus yk;d rks ckr ;g gS fd ge ftl dkeosQ fy;s
vk;s Fks] og iwjk ugha gks ik;kA tks le; pyk x;k og rks ykSVdj
vkusdk ugha gSA cpk gqvk le; gS] mls dkeesa ysuk pkfg;sA
euq";dk tUe ikdj eqDr ugha gq, rks dc gksaxs\ eqDrdk eryc
gS Hk;] 'kksd vkfnls jfgr gksukA tUe&ej.kls eqDr gksukA
fdlh Hkh dkj.kls 'kksd djuk ugha curkA ckyhdh e`R;q
gqbZ rc rkjk 'kksd djus yxh rks Hkxoku~us mins'k fn;k] rc mls
Kku gks x;k vkSj mldk 'kksd tkrk jgkA rkjkosQ ân;esa Kku gks x;k
rc mlus Hkxoku~dh HkfDr ek¡xhA gesa ;g f'k{kk xzg.k djuh
pkfg;s fd ?kjesa dksbZ ej tk; rks 'kksd ugha djuk pkfg;sA Hkxoku~
xhrkthesa Hkh ;gh ckr dgrs gSa fd vkRekosQ fy;s 'kksd djuk
curk ughaA u tk;rs fez;rs ok dnkfpÂk;a (xhrk ü@üú) vFkkZr~µ
;g vkRek fdlh dkyesa Hkh u tUerk gS vkSj u ejrk gSA
vkRek u tUerk gS u ejrk gS] og fuR; gS] vtUek gS]
'kk'or gSA blesa fdlh rjgls ifjorZu ugha gksrkA ;g vkRek

(xhrk ü@üü)

vFkkZr~µ ;fn rw dgs fd eSa rks 'kjhjksaosQ fo;ksxdk 'kksd
djrk gw¡ rks ;g Hkh mfpr ugha gS] D;ksafd tSls euq"; iqjkus oL=kksadks
R;kx dj nwljs u;s oL=kksadks xzg.k djrk gS] oSls gh thokRek iqjkus
'kjhjksadks R;kx dj nwljs u;s 'kjhjksadks çkIr gksrk gSA
vki dgsa fd ;g mins'k rks vtqZuosQ çfr Fkk] tgk¡ lHkh
rjgosQ o`¼] ;qok vkfn iq#"k FksA ckr ;g gS fd ftldh vk;q
param sawa/09-7-11
10

fdlh Hkh fl¼kUrls 'kksd djuk ugha curk----

16

15

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

osQ'ko osQ'ko owQfd;s uk owQfd;s vlkj A
gs osQ'ko ! gs ukFk ! gs gfj ! bl çdkj jksuk pkfg;sA vlkj
lalkjosQ fy;s dHkh ugha jksuk pkfg;sA yksx jksrs gSa vlkj lalkjosQ fy;s]
lalkjosQ fy;s jksul
s s dksbZ xtZ ljsxh (dke gksxk) ughaA
nqokZlk ½f"kosQ vkusij ækSinhus Hkxoku~dks iqdkj yxkbZ]
Hkxoku~ çdV gks x;sA Hkxoku~osQ fy;s jksuk rks iQk;nsdh pht gSA
vkSj jksuk ml oLrqosQ fy;s pkfg;s ftlls gesa 'kkfUr feysA
vkRek fuR; gS vkSj 'kjhj vfuR; gS] blfy;s 'kksd ugha
djuk pkfg;sA HkfDrdh n`f"Vls ;g le>uk pkfg;s fd ?kjesa dksbZ
ej x;k rks 'kksd D;ksa djsa\ vki ;gk¡ (xhrk Hkouesa) jgrs gSa] gekjs
;gk¡ #i;k tek djk nsa vkSj tkrs le; #i;k vki okfil ysa rks ge
nq%[k djsa rks gekjh ukyk;dh gSA blh çdkj Hkxoku~us yM+osQdks
gekjs ikl j{kkosQ fy;s ns fn;k] Hkxoku~ mls okfil ysrs gSa rks ge
mlosQ fy;s jksosa rks ;g gekjh ew[kZrk gSA ftl çdkj g¡ldj
fdlhdh pht (oLrq) j[kh] mlh çdkj g¡ldj ns nsuk bZekunkjh gSA
ugha rks csbZekuh gSA nwljksadh pht jg gh oSQls ldrh gSA Hkyekulh
(euq";rk rks) gS tks çlUurkls pht ykSVk nsa] ugha rks iQthrh gksxh]
pht rks okil nsuh gh iM+sxhA Hkxoku~osQ ;gk¡ rks mldk vkSj vPNk
çcU/ gSA ge jksosa rks Hkxoku~ dgsaxs fd dec[r gS ;g] ;s esjk
HkDr dgk¡ gS\ esjk HkDr gksrk gS og rks esjh bPNkosQ vuqowQy gh
viuh bPNk j[krk gSA Hkxoku~dh bPNkosQ fcuk rks dksbZ ej ugha
ldrkA HkDr rks ogh gksrk gS tks LokehosQ fd;s (gq, dk;Z) ij
ukjkt ugha gks ,oa nq%[k u ekusA bl U;k;ls Hkh çlUurk j[kuh
pkfg;sA
deZ;ksxdh n`f"Vls fopkj djksµ dksbZ tUek vkSj ej x;k]
lkspuk pkfg;s tUek vkSj pyk x;k] dkj.k D;k gS\ jksuk rks blfy;s
gS fd ûö o"kZ rd ikyk&ikslk vkSj #i;k [kpZ fd;k vkSj og pyk
x;kA rks lkspuk pkfg;s fd mldk gekjs ij Í.k Fkk] og iwjk djosQ

lekIr gks pqdh gS ogh iqjkuk gSA /kschls /qydj vk;s iqjkus diM+s
Hkh u;s nh[krs gSaA fdUrq /ksch tkurk gS fd dkSu&lk diM+k u;k
gS vkSj dkSu&lk iqjkuk gSA blh çdkj Hkxoku~ rks lcdks tkurs gh
gSa] dkSu u;k gS dkSu iqjkuk gSA os dgrs gSa xhrk ÷@üö esaµ
os n kga lerhrkfu orZ e kukfu pktq Z u A
Hkfo";kf.k p Hkwrkfu eka rq osn u d'pu AA
(xhrk ÷@üö)

vFkkZr~µ gs vtqZu ! iwoZesa O;rhr gq, vkSj orZekuesa fLFkr
rFkk vkxs gksusokys lc Hkwrksadks eSa tkurk g¡w] ijUrq esjsdks dksbZ Hkh
J¼k] HkfDrjfgr iq#"k ugha tkurk gSA
ftldh vk;q [kre gks xbZ os iqjkus gh gSaA lcosQ 'kjhjdh
vk;q leku ugha gksrh] diM+k Hkh dksbZ ik¡p o"kZ] dksbZ nks o"kZ] dksbZ
,d o"kZ fVdrk gSA dksbZ iwNs fd diM+k rks iqjkuk mrkjrs le; vkSj
u;k igurs le; çlUurk gksrh gSA Bhd gS fdldks çlUurk gksrh
gS\ le>nkjdks] u fd cPpsdks\ cPpk rks diM+k cnyrs le; jksrk
gSA fdUrq ek¡ mlosQ jksusdh ijokg gh ugha djrhA blh çdkj
Hkxoku~ gekjh ijokg ugha djrs vkSj xans 'kjhjdks cnydj u;k
'kjhj nsrs gSaA le>nkj vkneh fdlhdh e`R;q ij jksrs ughaA Hkxoku~us
xhrkthesa cryk;k gSµ
nsfguks¿fLeU;Fkk nsgs dkSekja ;kSoua tjk A
rFkk nsgkUrjçkfIr/hZjLr=k u eqáfr
AA
(xhrk ü@ûý)

tSls oqQekj] ;qok vkSj o`¼koLFkk gksrh gS oSls gh bl
'kjhjdh voLFkk gksrh gSA blfy;s tks /hj iq#"k gksrs gSa os ugha jksrsA
gesa ;gh ckr rks le>uh gS fd gekjs ?kjesa dksbZ ejs vkSj
ge jksosa rks ;g gekjh ew[kZrk gSA dksbZ Hkh jksrk gS rks og ew[kZrkdk
ifjp; nsrk gSA gk¡ Hkxoku~osQ fy;s rks jksuk pkfg;s ;g rks larksadk
vkns'k gSA
param sawa/09-7-11
11

fdlh Hkh fl¼kUrls 'kksd djuk ugha curk----

18

17

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

vFkkZr~µ gs vtqZu ! vuU;HkfDr djosQ rks] bl çdkj
prqHkqZt:iokyk eSa çR;{k ns[kusosQ fy;s vkSj rÙols tkuusosQ fy;s
rFkk ços'k djusosQ fy;s vFkkZr~ ,dhHkkols çkIr gksusosQ fy;s Hkh
'kD; g¡wA
muosQ tUedks f/Ddkj gS tks ijekRekdks NksM+dj lalkjesa
çse djrk gSA ftrus 'kjhj gSa] inkFkZ gSa os rks eSysosQ leku gSaA bl
'kjhjesa ukS }kj gSa] muosQ }kjk ey&gh&ey fudyrk jgrk gS]
nqxZU/&gh&nqxZU/ gSA çseosQ yk;d dkSu&lh pht gS\ çse djus
yk;d rks Hkxoku~dk fnO; ek/q;Z Lo:i gS] os vkuUne; gSa] 'kq¼
gSa] os ve`re; gSa] mu ek/q;Z ewfrZ Hkxoku~ls çse djuk pkfg;sA bl
vlkj lalkjls D;k çse fd;k tk;A

pyk x;kA mlosQ ge Í.kh Fks] vc [kkrk Mks<+k (udh) gks x;kA
,d çdkjls ge ½.kls eqDr gks x;sA ½.kls eqDr gks x;s rks [kq'kh
eukuh pkfg;s vkSj ijekRekls çkFkZuk djuh pkfg;s fd lcosQ
½.kls esjsdks eqDr dj nksA vkSj dksbZ iki fd;s gSa mudk iQy
Hkqxrkdj eqDr dj nksA Hkh"efirkeg çkFkZuk djrs gSa fd tks dksbZ
iki gSa os vkdj blh 'kjhjls viuk iQy Hkqxrk ysaA
oSjkX;dh n`f"Vls Hkh 'kksd ugha djuk pkfg;sµ ge
jsyesa cSBrs gSa] jkLrsesa dbZ vkneh vkrs gSa] dksbZ mrj tkrk gS rks ge
[kq'k gksrs gSa fd HkhM+ derh gks x;hA blh çdkj ;g jsydk fMCck
gS] blesals dksbZ ej x;k (mrj x;k) rks vkSj vPNk gqvkA blesa
'kksddh D;k ckr gS\ vkSj ;g ckr gS fd geus eku fy;k ;g
gekjk yM+dk ! ;g gekjk iksrk ! rc 'kksd gksrk gS] ugha rks yM+osQ
rks jkr&fnu lalkjesa ejrs gh jgrs gSaA rqeus viuh ekU;rkdh
LFkkiuk djh fd ;g gekjk yM+dk ! ;g gekjk iksrk ! vc jksrs gksA
blfy;s gj ,d ekrk] HkkbZ] cgudks ,slk fopkj djosQ 'kksd ugha
djuk pkfg;sA
nq%[kdk ewy gS og eerk gh gSA ge eerk djrs gSa fd ;g
esjk HkkbZ] ;g esjh L=kh] fdUrq eerk djuh pkfg;s mlls tks lR;
gks] ftlosQ fy;s jksuk ugha iM+sA lr~ oLrq ijekRek gSA uk'koku~ oLrq
gS lalkjA ijekRekosQ lkFk dksbZ çse djsxk mls jkssuk ugha iMs+xkA
Hkxoku~osQ lkFk la;ksx gks x;k rks fo;ksx gksusdk gh ughaA çseosQ
yk;d rks Hkxoku~ gh gSa] blfy;s gesa lkjs inkFkksaZls çse gVkdj
osQoy çHkqesa çse djuk pkfg;sA osQoy çHkqosQ lkFk çse gS mlhdk
uke vuU;&HkfDr gSA cl ! vuU; HkfDr gS rks vkSj dksbZ phtdh
t:jr ugha gSA Hkxoku~ xhrkthesa dgrs gSaµ
HkDR;k RouU;;k 'kD; vgesoafo/ks¿tqZu A
Kkrqa æ"Vqa p rÙosu ços"Vqa p ijari AA

(;g ys[k isM ua- 86 osQ i`"B la[;k 63 ls 68 rd ls fy;k x;k gS)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

(xhrk ûû@ÿþ)
param sawa/09-7-11
12

19

20

AA Jhgfj% AA

AA Jhgfj% AA

Hkxoku~osQ è;ku :ih jLlsdks ugha NksM+sa

Hkxoku~dh bPNkesa viuh bPNk feyk nsa

(çopu ua- 5)

LoxkZJe] VhcM+h ij lk;adky
oS'kk[k Ñ- 11 laor~ 1993

(çopu ua- 6)

fp=kowQV] jke/ke
fnukad 15&12&1959

lu~&1936

ns[kks [;ky djusdh ckr gS] vkSj dksbZ lk/u rks cus u cus
;g lk/u u NksMs+a] Hkxoku~dk è;ku u NksM+saA Hkxoku~dk Hktu&è;ku
lc fo?uksadks u"V dj nsrk gSA ;g è;ku ckgjosQ] HkhrjosQ lc
fo?uksadks uk'k dj nsrk gSA ;g fu'p; dj ysa& vUr le;esa
ftldk è;ku gks tkrk gS og ogh cu tkrk gS] vr% vUr le;esa
Hkxoku~dks ;kn djusosQ fy;s igysls gh vH;kl djsaA HkxoUukedk
ti [kwc djsaA è;kuls çlUurk vkSj 'kkfUr jgrh gSA vkSj ml le;
nqjkpkj] dke] Øks/kfn ikl ugha vkrsA
è;ku HkfDrdk ç/ku vax gSA Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa& mldk
;ksx{kse eSa ogu djrk g¡w tks fujUrj eq>s ;kn j[krk gSA ugha rks irk
ugha ge dgk¡ tUesaxs\ 'kkL=k dgrs gSa /wy (feêðh)&osQ d.kksadh
fxurh gks ldrh gS] ij ;g tho fdruh ckj bUæ vkSj czãk gks x;k
bldk irk ughaA lalkj leqæesa MwcrsosQ fy;s Hkxoku~dk è;ku
vk/kj gSA bl è;ku:ih jLlsdks u NksM+saA fiQj D;k irk ,slk ekSdk
gkFk yxs ;k u yxs (;kuh euq"; 'kjhj okil feys ;k uk feys)A
è;kuosQ fy;s t:jh&ls&t:jh ckr (dke) NksM+ nsaA ij bls]
è;kudks u NksM+saA bruk ekSdk nwljs tUeesa yxs ;g Hkjkslk ugha j[ksa]
D;k irk nwljs tUeesa D;k gksosaxs (cusxsa)A blfy;s lc dke
NksM+dj bl dkedks djsaA
tks flj lk¡Vs gfj feySa] rkS iqfu yhtS nkSM+ A
D;k tkus bl nsj esa] xzkgd vkos vkSj AA
(;g çopu isM ua- 92 i`"B&55 ls fy;k gSA)

1- Lkalkfjd lq[k gS mlesa Hkksxdkyesa lq[kdh çrhfr gksrh gS
ijUrq ifj.kkeesa og cgqr nq%[k nsusokyk gSA
2- nwljsdh fdlh çdkjdh mUufr ns[kdj euesa tks nq%[k
gksrk gS ;g larki gSA
3- igys tks vkneh lq[k Hkksx ysrk gS fiQj mldks nq%[k
vkrk gS rks og jkr&fnu jksrk gSA
ç'uµ Hkxoku~dks vPNk le>djosQ Hkh Hkxoku~dk è;ku
ugha yxrk gS blesa D;k dkj.k gS\
mÙkjµ J¼kdh deh ;k fo'okldh deh gS vkSj dksbZ
dkj.k le>esa ugha vkrkA Hkxoku~ij fo'okl djosQ ;k xhrkth ij
fo'okl djosQ Hkxoku~esa çse djuk pkfg;sA
4- lRiq#"kksadk lax] lRlax vkSj 'kkL=kksaosQ i<+usls] Hkxoku~esa
çse gksusls] Hkkssxksaesa nq%[kdk vuqHko djusls Hkh lalkjls oSjkX; gks
ldrk gSA
5- lalkjesa Hkxoku~osQ leku dksbZ gS gh ugha ;g fo'okl gks
tk;s rks Hkxoku~esa çse gks tkosA Hkxoku~ ftruk çsedk ewY; nsrs gSa
mruk dksbZ nsrk ughaA Hkxoku~esa xq.kksadk ikj gh ugha gSA muosQ
lkSUn;Z] xq.k] çHkko] n;k] lqânrk vkfn xq.kksadks ns[ksa rks vkSj dgha
brus feysaxs ughaA vxj ;g fo'okl gks tk; rks Hkxoku~esa çse gks
tkosA

Hkxoku~dh bPNkesa viuh bPNk feyk nsa

22

21

6- Hkxoku~dk O;ogkj Hkh vn~Hkqr gSA muosQ O;ogkjls
'k=kqvksadks Hkh vk'p;Z gksrk FkkA
7- viusdks ;g fo'okl gks tk;] fu'p; gks tk; fd
Hkxoku~osQ flok; gekjk dksbZ fgrS"kh ugha gS] rks Hkh Hkxoku~ls çse
gks tkosA
8- Hkxoku~osQ tils ;k è;kuls Hkh Hkxoku~esa çse gks tkrk gSA
lRlaxls Hkh Hkxoku~esa çse gksrk gSA
fcuq lrlax u gfj dFkk rsfg fcuq eksg u Hkkx A
eksg x,¡ fcuq jke in gksb u n`<+ vuqjkx AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

vkiyksxksaosQ fy;s ;g ckr gS fd ejusokysdks vk'oklu nsosa
fd rqEgkjk fuf ÜÓr dY;k.k gSA HkxoUuke&ti] dhrZu djrs gq;s ;k
lqurs gqos ftldk 'kjhj NwVrk gS mldk dY;k.k fuf ÜÓr gSA
thusokyksaosQ fy;s ;g ckr gS fd [kwc Hktu&è;ku djs]
xhrk vkSj egkRekdh ckr ekus rks mlosQ dY;k.kesa dksbZ 'kadk ugha
gSA
ejs gqos O;fDrosQ 'kodks vxj egkRek ns[k ysosa rks og
tgk¡ ij (;kuh ftl yksdesa) x;k gqvk gS ogk¡ls lh/s Hkxoku~osQ
;gk¡ pyk tkrk gSA fiQj vxj thrs gqod
s ks ns[k ysos rks mldk dguk
gh D;k gS\
ejusokysdks gks'k jgs rc rd HkfDrdh] Kkudh ckrsa lqukosa
vkSj gks'k ugha jgs rc dhrZu lqukos (ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k
JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k] dk dhrZu lqukosa)A
ç'uµ lkalkfjd dke djrs gqq, Hkxoku~dk foLej.k gks
tkrk gS] ;g D;ksa gksrk gS\
mÙkjµ bl lalkjdks LoIuor~ eku ysosa rks mleas vklfDr
ugha jgsxhA HkfDrosQ ekxZeas Hkxoku~dh yhyk le> ysoAas bl lalkjosQ
'kjhj] #i;k] L=kh&iq=k vkfnesas tks vklfDr gS ogh irudk eq[;
dkj.k gS] bldks gVkuk pkfg;sA
fo"k;ksadh tks lÙkk gS] rc mudk è;ku vFkkZr~ fpUru gksrk
gS] ;g cgqr gkfudj gS] blh rjgls Hkxoku~dk fpUru gksus yx
tkos rks cgqr mÙke gSA

(jk-p-ek-mÙkjdk.M&öû)

vFkZµ lRlaxosQ fcuk gfjdh dFkk lquussdks ugha feyrh]
mlosQ fcuk eksg ugha Hkkxrk vkSj eksgosQ x;s fcuk JhjkepUæthosQ
pj.kksaesa n`<+ (vpy) çse ugha gksrkA
9- Hkxoku~esa ftruh lq[k 'kkfUr gS mruh vkSj fdlhesa Hkh
ugha gS] vxj ;g fo'okl gks tkos rks Hkh Hkxoku~esa çse gks tk;A
eSaus rks lkjh ckr Hkxoku~ij NksM+ j[kh gS tks gksos mlhesa
vkuUn gSA viuh bPNk feVk nsos vkSj Hkxoku~dh bPNkesa bPNk
feyk nsos] rks viuk dY;k.k gqvk gh iM+k gSA viuh bPNk j[kh rks
cgqr rdyhiQ ik;kA Hkxoku~dh bPNkesa bPNk feyk nsos rks vius
oqQN djuk gh ugha gS] tks gksrk gS mlhessa vkuUn gSA
lq[knsoth (,d lRlaxh)&us ,dkUresa dgk fd esjsesa dksbZ
deh gks rks nwj djksA
mÙkjµ ;g le>ks fd Hkxoku~osQ ije&/keesa tk jgs gSa
vius oqQN djuk ugha gSA ;g fu'p; dj ys fd vius dY;k.kesa
'kadk ugha gSA

(;g ys[k isM ua- 91 i`"B la[;k 27] 28 ls fy;k x;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k-----------param sawa/09-7-11
14

23

24

AA Jhgfj% AA

AA Jhgfj% AA

Hkxoku~ vkSj egkiq#"kksaosQ çHkkodh ckrsa

vius lk/udk fujh{k.k djsa

(çopu ua- 7)

fp=kowQV] jke/ke
fnukad 16&12&1959

ikih&ls&ikihdk Hkh ijekRekdh 'kj.k gksusls dY;k.k gks
tkrk gS] ;g Hkxoku~dk vykSfdd çHkko gSA
;'kksnkosQ vkaxuesa tks jsrh gS mlesa Hkxoku~ [ksyrs gSa] lks
mlesa Hkxoku~osQ pj.k yxusls mlosQ gj d.kesa eqfDr nsusdh 'kfDr
gSA ;g Hkxoku~dk vykSfdd çHkko gSA
blh rjgls egkRek iq#"k gSaA mUgksaus tgk¡ okl fd;k og
LFkku Hkh rhFkZ gks x;k] tgk¡ ifrozrk L=kh jgh] og LFkku Hkh rhFkZ
gks x;kA tSls ;gk¡ls ûû ehy nwj vulw;kthdk efUnj gS] vulw;kth
ifrozrkvksaesa Js"B ekuh tkrh gSaA v;ksè;kthesa ejusls dY;k.k gS]
eFkqjk&o`Unkouesa ejusls dY;k.k gSA
vki O;ogkj djks ml le; Hkxoku~ JhjkepUæthdks ;kn
djks rks cgqr T;knk ykHk gks ldrk gSA dguk ugha pkfg;s eq>dks
rks cgqr ykHk gqvk gSA
Hkxoku~dks ;kn djrs gq,] dhrZu djrs gq,] HkxoUuke ;k
dhrZu lqurs gq,] Hkxoku~dks ueLdkj djrs gq, tks 'kjhj NksM+dj
tkrk gS] mldk dY;k.k gks tkrk gSA
Hkxoku~dk uke&ti djrs gq,] dFkk] xhrkth vkfn lqurs
gqos tks tkrk gS mldk dY;k.k gks tkrk gSA egkRek tks dgrs gSa og
'kCn vkdk'kesa jgrs gSa] dksbZ vf/dkjh iq#"k vkrk gS rks os mldh
enn djrs gSa] 'kCn fuR; gSaA
(;g ys[k isM ua- 91 i`"B la[;k 31 ls fy;k x;k gSA)

(çopu ua- 8)

fp=kowQV] jke/ke] nksigj 3-30 cts
fnukad 20&12&1959

nhu] nq%[kh] vukFk vkfndh lsok djuk] lsok gSA ije lsok
gSµ ejrs gq,dks Hkxoku~dk uke lqukuk vkSj xhrkdk çpkj djukA
u p rLekUeuq";s"kq dfÜÓUes fç;ÑÙke% A
Hkfork u p es rLeknU;% fç;rjks Hkqfo AA
(xhrk ûø@öù)

vFkkZr~µ mlls c<+dj esjk vfr'k; fç; dk;Z djusokyk
euq";ksaesa u dksbZ gS vkSj u mlls c<+dj esjk vR;Ur I;kjk i`Fohesa
nwljk dksbZ gksxkA
pkj ?k.Vsdk ekSu j[kuk] ftlosQ vuqowQy gks og j[ks]
ftldks lk/u djuk gks og ekSu j[ksA
jkrdks lksusosQ le;dks lk/u cukuk pkfg;sA jkrdks lksrs
le; Hkxoku~osQ ukedk ti ;k è;ku ,oa yhyk vkfndk fpUru
djrs gq;s lksosaA
vius lk/udks gj le; c<+kosA gj ?k.Vs mldk fujh{k.k djs
fd fiNys ?k.Vsls lk/u c<+k ;k ugha] vxj ugha c<+k rks [kkstuk
pkfg;s D;ksa ugha c<+k\ esjk HkDr] ;K vkSj riksd
a k HkksDrk eq>dks
tkudj vkSj lqân tkudj eq>dks çkIr gks tkrk gS (xhrk ÿ@üù)A
chekj vkneh fey tkos rks mldh [kwc ru&eu&/uls
lsok djsAa mldks Hkxoku~dk Lo:i le>sa ;k mlesa Hkxoku~dks le>sa
D;kaasfd lc riksa vkSj ;Kksadk HkksDrk Hkxoku~ gh gSaA

vius lk/udk fujh{k.k djsa

26

25

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

mldk miHkksx ugha fd;kA
czkã.kdks xk; nku nsusosQ ckn mldh lsok dh tk ldrh
gS] ij mldk nw/ ugha ih;k tk ldrkA ,sls gh deZ djusesa gh
viuk vf/dkj gS] iQyesa viuk vf/dkj ugha gSA dksbZ Hkh mÙke
deZ fd;k tkos mldks vPNh rjgls djs ij iQyesa vf/dkj ugha
ekusA
deZiQydk gsrq er cuA vxj rw deZiQydk gsrq cu tk;sxk
rks rqedks Hkksxuk iM+sxk] vkSj eqfDr ugha feysxhA iQydks NksM+usls
gh eqfDr gksrh gSA u rks ok.khls ;g dgsa fd eSaus ;g cf<+;k dke
fd;k vkSj u euesa vfHkeku djsA deZ djosQ mlosQ iQyesa Hkh
vklfDr ugha j[ksaA u mlesa vgark eerk j[ksa] u vklfDr j[ksa] u
okluk j[ksa muls viuk lEcU/ gh ugha tksM+saA tSls iq.; deZ djs
rks mldks LoxZ feysxk] LoxZosQ ckn fiQj mldks ;gk¡ij (e`R;q
yksdesa) vkuk iM+sxkA mlls vkuk&tkuk ugha feVkA lc dke
Hkxon~ vFkZ djsa ftlls dY;k.k gksrk gSA
deZ u djusesa Hkh rqEgkjh çhfr ugha gksuh pkfg;sA deZ
djusesa eerk] vklfDr vkfn ugha j[kuh pkfg;sA

tks fu"dke Hkkols nwljsosQ ijksidkjosQ fy;s nwljksadh lsok
djrk gS mldks fdlh ckrdk Mj ugha gSA tSls gStk] Iysx] Vhch
vkfn dh chekjhesa fu/M+d gksdj mudh lsok djsa] lsok djus
okysdks fdlh ckrdk Mj ugha gSA geus rks cgqr mRlkgls ,sls dke
fd;s gSa gesa rks oqQN ugha gqvk gSA fu"dke Hkkols tks Hkh dke fd;k
tkrk gS og dY;k.k djusokyk gSA
jgL;dh ckr crkbZ tkrh gSµ xhrkthosQ ,d&,d pj.kesa
jgL;dh ckr Hkjh gqbZ gSA xhrkthesa ços'k djosQ mldks /kj.k
djusls mldk dY;k.k gks tk;s mlesa rks dguk gh D;k gSA og
nwljksadk Hkh dY;k.k dj ldrk gS Hkxoku~us xhrkthesa dgk gSµ
deZ.;sokf/dkjLrs ek iQys"kq dnkpu A
ek deZiQygsrqHkwZekZ rs lÄõks¿LRodeZf.k AA
(xhrk ü@þ÷)

vFkkZr~µ rsjk deZ djusesa gh vf/dkj gS] mlosQ IkQyksaesa
dHkh ughaA blfy;s rw deksZaosQ IkQydk gsrq er gks rFkk rsjh deZ u
djusesa Hkh vklfDr u gksA
bldks /kj.k djusls cgqr tYnh m¼kj gks tkrk gSA thfor
voLFkkesa Hkh mldk iQy fey tkrk gSA
deZ djusesa gh rsjk vf/dkj gS] rsjk iQyesa vf/dkj ugha
gSA IkQy nsuk rks ijekRekosQ vf/dkjdh pht gSA vf/dkjdk ;g
Hkko ysuk pkfg;s fd esjk gd ugha gSA vxj viuk gd eku fy;k
rks ml deZdk ftruk gd gksxk] mruk gh feysxkA
Hkxoku~ jkedh n`f"Vls ûþ o"kZ rd] jkT;ij esjk vf/dkj
ugha gSA Hkjr dgrk gS esjk vf/dkj ugha gSA ogk¡ nksukssaosQ R;kxdh
ça'klk gSA ;g fu"dke&Hkko gSA Hkjrthus jkT;dk dke fd;k ij

(;g ys[k isM ua- 91 i`"B la[;k 41]42]43 ls fy;k x;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

param sawa/09-7-11
16

28

27
AA Jhgfj% AA

Hkxoku~ij dj ysos rks csM+k ikj gSA vius ekuusdh vkSj fo'okldh
deh gSA
Hkxoku~ dgrs gSaµ
;ks eka i';fr loZ=k loZa p ef; i';fr A
rL;kga u ç.k';kfe l p es u ç.k';fr AA

ti djusokysosQ vkuUn vkSj 'kkfUr
Lor% jgrh gS
(çopu ua- 9)

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

fp=kowQV] jke/ke
fnukad 24&12&1959

(xhrk ö@ýú)

vFkkZr&~ tks iq#"k lai.w kZ Hkwrksea as lcosQ vkRek:i eq> oklqnos dks
gh O;kid ns[krk gS vkSj laiw.kZ Hkwrksadks eq> oklqnsoosQ vUrxZr
ns[krk gS] mlosQ fy;s eSa vn`'; ugha gksrk gw¡ vkSj og esjs fy;s
vn`'; ugha gksrk gS] D;kasfd og esjsesa ,dhHkkols fLFkr gSA
mlosQ igysdk gh vk/k 'yksd cgqr gS tSls cknyesa
vkdk'k gS mlesa v.kqek=k Hkh txg ,slh ugha gS fd tks vkdk'kls
jfgr gks ,sls gh Hkxoku~ bl lalkjesa gSaA Hkxoku~ dgsa oSlk rks
viusdks djuk pkfg;s ihNsdk dke Hkxoku~dk gSA
ti djusokysosQ vkuUn vkSj 'kkfUr vki gh jgsxhA vxj
vkiosQ vkuUn vkSj 'kkfUr ugha jgrh gS rks ti vHkh oSlk ugha gksus
yxk gSA tc ti vki gh gksus yx tkosxk rc vkuUn] 'kkfUr vki
gh vkus yx tkosxhA tc rd uketi vki gh ugha gksrk gS rc rd
vkuUn vkSj 'kkfUr de jgrh gSA
gekjh bruh ckr eku yks fd ge vkidks chrh lPph ckr
dgrs gSa fd Hkxoku~dk uke gh lcls Js"B gSA uke&ti djusij
Hkxoku~osQ uke vkSj :idh Le`fr vki gh gksrh gSA
egkRek vkSj 'kkL=k tks dgrs gSa muosQ opuksadks lPpk
ekudj ykHk mBkuk pkfg;sA
Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa] egkRek vkSj 'kkL=k tks dgrs gSa os Bhd gh

geus lRlaxesa ckrsa rks cgqr lqu yh] ij eudk Hkko ugha
cnykA Hkko cnys fcuk lk/d m¡Qpk ugha mBrkA
lcdh lsok vkSj fgr djusdk Hkko jguk pkfg;sA blls
tYnh mUufr gksrh gSA
ç'uµ fujUrj Hktu oSQls gks\
mÙkjµ ftudk Hkxoku~esa çse gS ;k ftu vknehosQ fujUrj
Hktu gksrk gS muosQ lkFk jgusls fujUrj Hktu gks ldrk gSA
ukeµtils c<+dj vkSj dksbZ pht ugha gS rks ogh mlosQ
fy;s lcls c<+dj gSA uke&tiesa vykSfdd vkuUn vkus yx
tkosxk rc fiQj uke&ti NwVsxk gh ughaA Hkxoku~osQ ukels c<+dj
vkSj dksbZ pht ugha gSA ;g ckr 'kkL=k egkiq#"k dgas rks eku ysuh
pkfg;sA tSls odhy gS mldks ge gLrk{kj djosQ ns nsrs gSaA viuk
xyk mlosQ gkFkesa ns nsrs gSa] viuh xjtls mldks #i;s Hkh nsrs gSa
vkSj fliQkfj'k Hkh djokrs gSaA egkRek vkils #i;s Hkh ugha ysrs vkSj
tUe&ej.kls NwVus dh nokbZ nsrs gSa] lks muij fo'okl djosQ dke
'kq# dj nsuk pkfg;sA
tSls MkWDVjosQ dgs vuqlkj mlij fo'okl djosQ mlosQ
dgs vuqlkj dke djrs gSaA bruk fo'okl Hkxoku~ij djosQ mudh
'kj.k gks tkos rks dke cu tkosA oS|] odhyosQ ftruk Hkh fo'okl
param sawa/09-7-11
17

ti djusokysosQ vkuUn vkSj 'kkfUr

29

dgrs gSa] muosQ opuksadks lPpk ekudj ykHk mBkuk pkfg;sA vius
oS| vkSj odhy ij Hkh fo'okl djrs gSa] rks Hkxoku~] egkRek vkSj
'kkL=k ij rks mlls Hkh T;knk fo'okl djuk pkfg;sA
oS|dh nokbZls rks cps ;k ugha ;g 'kadk gS ij Hkxoku~ vkSj
egkRekosQ opuksaosQ vuqlkj pyusls tUe&ej.k :ih chekjh jgrh
gh ughaA
Hkxoku~osQ uke&tidk iwjk iQy tks fu"dkeHkkols
J¼k&çse iwoZd djs] mldks feyrk gSA tSls 'okl vius vki gh
vkrh gS oSls gh Hkxoku~osQ ukedk ti Hkh vius vki gh gksus yxsA
HkxoUuke ti fu"dkeHkkols ,oa J¼k&çsels gks og cgqr nkeh gSA
vkiosQ thoudh dekbZ ,d rjIkQ vkSj Hkxoku~dk uke
,d rjiQA lks vxj vki ;gk¡ djksM+ jQi;s Hkh NksM+sa rks vkiosQ
lkFk ugha pysxk] oqQN dke ugha vk;sxk vkSj Hkxoku~dk uke
vkidks thou&ej.kls m¼kj dj nsxk] vkidk dY;k.k dj nsxkA
ejusosQ le; Hkxoku~dk uke ys ysos] fcuk J¼k&çseosQ Hkh
ys ysos] rks Hkh mldk dY;k.k gks tkrk gSA ;g Hkxoku~dh fo'ks"k
Ñik gSA pkgs og fdruk gh egku ikih gks] vxj ejusosQ le;
mldks Hkxoku~dk Lej.k jg x;k] rks mldk dY;k.k gks
tk;sxkA
ejrs le; vxj fdlh i'kq&i{khdh vkokt vkrh gks rks
mldks gVk nsuk pkfg;sA gYyk ('kksj) ugha epkuk pkfg;sA oqQÙkk]
fpfM+;k¡dks gVk nsaA ejusosQ le; ;fn i'kq&i{khdk Lej.k gks x;k rks
i'kq&i{kh cuuk iM+sxkA blfy;s ejusokysosQ ikl ls i'kq&i{kh vkSj
cqjs laLdkjksadh phtksadks gVk nsuk pkfg;sA
(;g ys[k isM ua- 91 i`"B la[;k 47 ls 49 rd ls fy;k x;k gSA)

30
AA Jhgfj% AA

,d ckj lkjh i`Fohdk pDdj yxk yks
;k ,d HkxoUuke mPpkj.k dj yks]
nksuksa cjkcj gS
(çopu ua- 10)

LoxkZJe] VhcM+h
tsB 'kq- 7 laor~ 1992
lu~ 1935

Ukkedk ti vkSj Hkxoku~osQ Lo:idk è;ku blls lkjs iki]
nq%[kksadk uk'k gks tkrk gSA la'k; rks jg gh oSQls ldrk gS] ;g
fo'okl dj ysos] bl çdkj çsels d#.kk Hkkols çkFkZuk djs rks çHkq
n'kZu ns nsosaA n'kZu gksusij& fHk|rs ân;xzfUFkf'|Urs loZla'k;k%A
Hkxoku~dh HkfDr oSQls gh djks] lc Bhd gSA o`¼koLFkk fudV vk
xbZ vc la'k; R;kxuk pkfg;sA
eSa Fkkjs opu ek=kls rks 'kj.k gw¡ gh vc ;k gh çkFkZuk gS fd
vc foyEc er djks] n'kZu nsoks] çse djkoks [kwc fo'okl j[kdj
tkSulh txg pks[kh tps ogk¡ gh Msjk Mky nsosA lHkh Hkwfe
xksikydh A ,d Hkxoku~osQ ukeosQ mPpkj.kdks tks iQy gS lks
lxyk rhFkk±esa ughaA Fks dBs nksM+ksxk ,d ckj lkjh i`Fohdh isQjh
nsY;ks pkgs ,d uke mPpkj.k dj yks vkikaus Hkkxusls osQ t:jr gSA
vkikus rks ,slh ;k=kk djuh fd bl lalkjdh ;k=kk ugha djuh iM+sA
e`R;qdk le; vkos rks ;k gh dj fd esjh eqfDresa dksbZ 'kadk ughaA
,d&,d pht eqfDr nsusokyh gS& tSls ,d ckj HkxoUukedk
mPpkj.k djyks] xhrkth] xaxkty] dk'kh] egkiq#"kdk lax ;s lc
eqfDr nsusokyh gSaA

,d ckj lkjh i`Fohdk pDdj yxk yks---

31

ftlosQ ?kjesa vkx yx jgh gS ;g le>us ij mls uhan ugha
vkrhA dksbZ osQ vkx ykx tkos rks oks cq>koks&cq>koks dj] ,s;ka
cq<+kiks vko gS] e`R;q utnhd gS] le; gS ugha] tYnh dke djks]
ugha rks Vkijks (?kj) ty tkosxks ;g vkx gSA ftldks ?kj tyrk
nh[k rks oks nwljh ckr lqurk ughaA vkidh mez chr gS lks ;g ?kjosQ
vkx ykx jgh gSA le; gh vlyh /u gS ;ks O;FkZ tkos gSA lks
?kjosQ vkx ykxusosQ leku gSA lks;k vkSj yksxkadh fuUnk djhA Hkksx]
çekn] vkyL;] iki ;s pk:a esa ftdks le; tko gS lks vkx yxuh
gS] fcuk vkx cq>k;s mldks pSu ugha iM+A tks bl çdkj lksrs gSa
mlus ?kjosQ vkx yxk j[kh gSA tks le;dks vueksy le>rs gSa
mudk le; O;FkZ ugha tkrkA Hkxor~ Ñikdks vkJ; ysdj
Hktu&è;kudks lk/u tksjls djuk pkfg;sA blesa ,d rks vfHkeku
dksuh gkso] nwljs n;k dke vkosA ç;Ru djusls n;k f[ky tkos
;kuh n;k tkuh tkosA çkjC/ij dke ugha NksM+uks] iQy çkjC/ij
NksM+ nsosA Hkxoku~dh n;k ;kgh gS fd ç;Ru djsaA osQoy n;k&n;k
iqdkjuks >wBks gSA Hkxoku~dks çHkko] jgL; vkSj rÙo dks egkiq#"kksals]
'kkL=kksals tkuusdh dksf'k'k djsA mudk çHkko lkeF;Z ,slh gS fd
,d {k.kesa m¼kj dj nsA jgL; tuk nsosA
(;g ys[k isM ua- 99 i`"B la[;k 22 ls fy;k x;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

32
AA Jhgfj% AA

vxj dkeesa ys rks u;h gS
(çopu ua- 11)

xksfoUn Hkou] dydrk
fnukad 04&08&1938 jkf=k le;esa

dgusosQ fy;s dksbZ u;h ckr ugha gS os gh nks&pkj ckrsa jVh
jVkbZ gSaA iafMrthus dksbZ u;h ckr dgusdh ckr dgh Fkh] ckr rks
iqjkuh gh gS ij vxj dkeesa ysa rks u;h gS] bl n`f"Vls u;h gSA
oS|th (,d lRlaxh)&us dgk Fkk Hkxoku~dh ckr ckj&ckj dguh
pkfg;s] og fuR; u;h gSA dgusdk rkRi;Z gS fd euq";dks vius
thouesa D;k djuk pkfg;s bl ckr ij ;fn è;ku ns rks irk yxsxk
fd vf/dka'k yksx Hkwy gh dj jgs gSa] tks pht euq"; thouesa
ikusdh gS mls ikusdk lk/u NksM+dj nwljs dkeksaesa yx tkuk ;gh
Hkwy gS] bl Hkwydks ge lHkh dj jgs gSaA tks ejrs gSa mudk lcoqQN
;gha jg tkrk gSA ftudk ,d&,d d.kij LokfeRo Fkk] ejusij
lkjh phtsa ijk;h gks tkrh gSaA og vkRek ns[krk gS] tks euq"; okluk
ysdj ejrk gS og çk;% çsr gksrk gSA og ns[krk gS yksx esjh phtsa
ys jgs gSaA mlosQ nq%[kksadk dksbZ ikj ugha jgrkA og nq%[kh jgrk gSA
ujdesa tkrk gS vkSj ckjEckj nq%[k ikrk gSA
(;g ys[k isM ua- 99 i`"B la[;k 68 ls fy;k x;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

34

33
AA Jhgfj% AA

jkT; ns nsa og Hkh mlosQ lkeus oqQN Hkh ugha gSA ;fn ge dy gh
ej x;s rks ,d fnudk gh rks og jkT;dk Hkksx gqvkA bldh dher
jkT; le>uk Hkh derh gh gSA bldh dher LoxZ le> ysuk Hkh
de gS D;ksafd jkek;.k] xhrkthesa fy[kk gSµ
,fg ru dj iQy fc"k; u HkkbZZ A LoxZmZ LoYi var nq[knkbZ A
uj ruq ikb fc"k;¡ eu nsgha A iyfV lq/k rs lB fc"k ysgha AA

le;dh veksydrk
(çopu ua- 12)

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

xksj[kiqj] lkgscxat
fnukad 13&03&1942 jk=khesa

geyksxksadks viuk Lke; [kwCk nkeh le>uk pkfg;sA vHkh
rd geyksx le;dh dher ugha le>s gSSaA dher Hkh tks yksx
le>rs gSa os viuh&viuh cqf¼osQ vuqlkj le>rs gSAaS rks geyksxksd
a ks
mÙke iq#"kdh cqf¼dk vkJ; ysuk pkfg;sA ,d jktxhj (jktkdk
feL=kh) gS] og vius le;dh dher le>rk gS] ftruh mldh
fnuHkjdh etnwjh gS] vkB vkuk (ipkl iSls) rks og fnuHkjdh
dher vkB vkuk (ipkl iSls) le>rk gS] og ,d ?k.Vk Hkh O;FkZ
ckr ugha djuk pkgrkA MkWDVj vkfn gSa os mlls T;knk le;dh
dher le>rs gSSaA jksxh T;knk chekj gS] rks MkWDVjls dgrs gSa vki
jkr Hkj jksxhosQ ikl jgks] rc MkWDVjus dgk jkr Hkjdk ÿ0 #i;s
ysaxsA os Hkh viuh dher ipkl #i;s le>rs gSaA ,d odhy gksrk
gS og Hkh vius le;dh dher le>rk gSA fdlhls ,d ?k.Vk ckr
djh] rks ýü #i;s iQhl yxkdj Hkst fn;kA mlus le;dh dher
ýü #i;s le>hA cSfjLVj mlls Hkh T;knk dher le>rs gSaA ij
vè;kRe cqf¼ls fopkj fd;k tkos rks os lc&osQ&lc ew[kZ gSa] tks
vius le;dks csprs gSaA iPphl gtkj #i;k eghusdk osruokyk gS
og Hkh ?kkVsesa gh gSA og Hkh le;dh dher ugha le>kA le;dh
dher ge cryk gh ugha ldrsA yk[k #i;k fnudh dher crk nh
og Hkh FkksM+h gSA le;dh dher #i;ksals dk;e ugha gksrhA #i;ksals
D;k gksrk gS\ lq[k feyrk gS] le;dh dherosQ cnys ge fgUnqLrkudk

(jk-p-ek-mÙkj þþ@û)

vFkZµ gs HkkbZ ! bl 'kjhjosQ feyusdk iQy fo"k;&Hkksx
ugha gSA ¹bl txr~osQ Hkksxksadh rks ckr gh D;kº LoxZdk Hkksx Hkh
cgqr FkksMk+ gS vkSj vUresa nq%[k nsuos kyk gSA vr% tks yksx euq";&'kjhj
ikdj fo"k;esa eu yxk nsrs gSa] os ew[kZ ve`rdks cnydj fo"k ys
ysrs gSaA
;fn fo"k;&Hkksxksaesa le; fcrkrs gks] rks ew[kZ gksA euq";dk
'kjhj ikdj fo"k;ksaesa eu nsrk gS rks og 'kB gS] D;ksafd og
ve`r:i ijekRekdks NksM+dj lalkj:ih fo"kdks ysrk gSA euq";
'kjhjls fey ldrs gSa ijekRek] vkSj jkth gksrs gSa lalkjdks ysdjA
xhrkthesa Hkxoku~ dgrs gSaµ
;s fg laLi'kZtk Hkksxk nq%[k;ksu; ,o rs A
vk|UroUr% dkSUrs; u rs"kq jers cq/% AA
(xhrk ÿ@üü)

vFkkZr~µ tks ;g bfUæ; rFkk fo"k;ksaosQ la;ksxls mRIkUu
gksusokys lc Hkksx gSa] os ;|fi fo"k;h iq#"kksadks lq[k:i Hkklrs gSa]
rks Hkh fu%lUnsg nq%[kosQ gh gsrq gSa vkSj vkfn&vUrokys vFkkZr~
vfuR; gaS] blfy;s gs vtqZu ! cqf¼eku~] foosdh iq#"k muesa ugha
jerkA
'kCn] Li'kZ] :i] jl] xa/ ;s fo"k; vkSj bfUæ;ksaosQ tks Hkksx
param sawa/09-7-11
20

le;dh veksydrk

36

35

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

r`fIr gqbZ\ ughaA gekjs ;g ykylk yxh gh jgrh gS fd vkSj lq[k
feysA
iw.kZ D;k gSµ ,slh Hkh ,d pht gS] ftldh çkfIr gksusosQ
ckn vkSj vkdka{kk ugha jgrh og gS ijekRekdh çkfIr] mldh çkfIr
gksusosQ ckn ,slh gh ckr gks tkrh gSA xhrkth dgrh gSµ
;a yCèok pkija ykHka eU;rs ukf/oaQ rr% A
;fLefULFkrks u nq%[ksu xq#.kkfi fopkY;rs AA

gSa ;s oSQls Hkksx gSa\ ;s nq%[kosQ gh gsrq gSa vkSj vkfn&vUrokys gSa] tks
blesa je.k djrs gSa os ew[kZ gSaA cqf¼eku tks gSa os rks buesa ugha jersA
LoxZdh ckr vkbZ og Hkh vYi gh gSA FkksM+s fnuesa ogk¡ls Hkh fonk
gksuk iM+rk gSA LoxZosQ fy;s xhrkth dgrh gSµ
rs ra HkqDRok LoxZyksoQa fo'kkya {kh.ks iq.;s eR;ZyksoQa fo'kfUr A
,oa =k;hèkeZeuqçiÂk xrkxra dkedkek yHkUrs AA
(xhrk ù@üû)

(xhrk ö@üü)

vFkkZr~µ os ml fo'kky LoxZyksddks Hkksxdj] iq.; {kh.k
gksusij] e`R;qyksddks çkIr gksrs gSa] bl çdkj LoxZosQ lk/u:i rhuksa
osnksaesa dgs gq, ldke deZosQ 'kj.k gq, vkSj Hkksxksadh dkeukokys
iq#"k ckajckj tkus&vkusdks çkIr gksrs gSa vFkkZr~ iq.;osQ çHkkols
LoxZesa tkrs gSa vkSj iq.; {kh.k gksusls e`R;qyksdesa vkrs gSaA
lalkjosQ Hkksxksaesa tks vius le;dks fcrkrk gS] mldh rks
lkjs 'kkL=kksaesa fuUnk gh dh gSA fiQj fopkj djuk pkfg, fd viuk
le; fdl dkeesa yxkuk pkfg,A fopkj djosQ viuk le; cgqr
Å¡ps dkeesa yxkuk pkfg,A jkT;osQ fy;s] LoxZosQ fy;s] rhuksa
yksdosQ jkT;osQ fy;s Hkh ugha yxkuk pkfg;sA ;g vewY; le;
mlosQ fy;s ugha gSA eku yks fnuHkj ifjJe djusosQ ckn vkidks
f=kyksdhdk jkT; fey x;k vkSj dy gh vkidh e`R;q gS rks
f=kyksdhdk jkT; Hkksxsxk dkSu\ ;fn blosQ fy;s le; fcrkrs gks rks
Hkwy djrs gksA le; ml dkeesa fcrkuk pkfg;s] ftlesa rqEgkjk le;
fcrkuk lkFkZd gksA ftldk iQy fuR; gks] iw.kZ gksA rqEgkjh fØ;kdk
iQy viw.kZ feys] rks ml fØ;kdks mlh le; NksM+ nksA iw.kZ&viw.kZ
D;k gS\
viw.kZ D;k gSµ vkt rd lalkjosQ Hkksx Hkksxs D;k dHkh

vFkkZr~µ ijes'ojdh çkfIr:i ftl ykHkdks çkIr gksdj
mlls vf/d nwljk oqQN Hkh ykHk ugha ekurk gS vkSj HkxoRçkfIr:i
ftl voLFkkesa fLFkr gqvk ;ksxh cM+s Hkkjh nq%[kls Hkh pyk;eku
ugha gksrk gSA
lq[kekR;fUroaQ ;Ùkn~cqf¼xzkáerhfUæ;e~ A
osfÙk ;=k u pSok;a fLFkr'pyfr rÙor% AA
(xhrk ö@üû)

vFkkZr~µ bfUæ;ksals vrhr osQoy 'kq¼ gqbZ lw{e cqf¼}kjk
xzg.k djus ;ksX; tks vuUr vkuUn gS mldks ftl voLFkkesa vuqHko
djrk gS vkSj ftl voLFkkesa fLFkr gqvk ;g ;ksxh Hkxor~&Lo:ils
ugha pyk;eku gksrk gSA
vR;Ur tks lq[k gS] ftldh lhek ugha gS] tks bfUæ;tU;
ugha gS] bfUæ;ksals vrhr gS] cqf¼xzká gS vkSj ftldks tkuusosQ ckn
og O;fDr dHkh fopfyr ugha gks ldrk vkSj blls c<+dj dksbZ
lq[k gS ;g ek¡x lekIr gks tkrh gSA
tSls ?kM+k tc tyls iw.kZ gks tkrk gS rc ty Hkjusdh
xqatkb'k ugha jgrh] blh çdkj tc ân; vkuUnls Hkj tk; vkSj
xqatkb'k ugha jgsA og lq[k vius lcdks fey ldrk gS] euq";
param sawa/09-7-11
21

le;dh veksydrk

38

37

ek=kdk vf/dkj gS ikih&ls&ikih] ew[kZ&ls&ew[kZdk Hkh vf/dkj gSA
ftldh vk;q vkt gh lekIr gks jgh gS mldk Hkh vf/dkj gSA
le; vkiosQ gkFkesa ugha jgk fdUrq vc Hkh vkidks psr gks x;k rks
Hkh xqatkbZ'k gSA ,d {k.kesa ijekRekdh çkfIr gks ldrh gSA tSls
xqiQkesa gtkj o"kZls vU/dkj gS] rks ml iwjh xqIkQkesa ,d {k.kesa
çdk'k gks ldrk gS] vU/dkj ugha dgsxk fd ge brus fnuls gSa rqe
,d {k.kesa oSQls çdk'k djrs gksA ,sls gh fdrus gh tksjdk ikih gks
mlosQ fy;s Hkh ogk¡ (Hkxoku~osQ ;gk¡) xaqtkb'k gSA ew<+osQ fy;s Hkh
xqatkb'k gSA Hkxoku~ xhrkthesa dgrs gSaµ
vUrdkys p ekeso LejUeqDRok dysoje~ A
;% ç;kfr l en~Hkkoa ;kfr ukLR;=k la'k;% AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

leku vU; oqQN Hkh ugha gSA
rqylhnklth dgrs gSaµ
tcfga uke fgjnS /jÔkS Hk;ks ikidks ukl A
ekuks fpuxh vkx dh ijh iqjkuh ?kkl AA
;fn dksbZ dgs fd ikih gks rks D;k mlosQ m¼kjesa le;
yxsxk\ ugha] mlosQ fy;s Hkh Hkxoku~ xhrkthesa dgrs gSaµ
f{kça HkOkfr èkekZRek 'kÜÒPNkfUra fuxPNfr A
dkSUrs; çfr tkuhfg u es HkÙkQ% ç.k';fr AA
(xhrk ù@ýû)

vFkkZr~µ og 'kh?kz gh /ekZRek gks tkrk gS vkSj lnk
jgusokyh ije'kkfUrdks çkIr gksrk gSA gs vtqZu ! rw fu ÜÓ;iwoZd
lR; tku] fd esjk HkÙkQ u"V ugha gksrkA
/ekZRek gh ugha cfYd 'kÜÒPNkfUra fuxPNfr lnk jgusokyh
ije'kkfUrdks çkIr gksrk gSA vkSj mldk iru ugha gksxkA nqjkpkjh
Hkh lk/q cu tkrk gSA ;fn lk/q gks rks dguk gh D;k] nqjkpkjh Hkh
oSQlk\ vfr'k; nqjkpkjhA nqjkpkjh Fkk] ijUrq vc lk/q gks tkuk
pkfg;sA og tYnh gh /ekZRek cu tk;sxkA gesa fgEer ck¡/uh
pkfg;s] tc Hkxoku~dh bruh çfrKk gS rks ge ,sls D;ksa ugha cu
ldrsA ew<+osQ fy;s Hkh Hkxoku~ xhrkthesa dgrs gSaµ
è;kusukRefu i';fUr osQfpnkRekuekReuk A
vU;s lka[;su ;ksxsu deZ;ksxsu pkijs AA

(xhrk ø@ÿ)

vFkkZr~µ tks iq#"k vUrdkyesa esjsdks gh Lej.k djrk gqvk
'kjhjdks R;kx dj tkrk gS] og esjs lk{kkr~ Lo:idks çkIr gksrk gS]
blesa oqQN Hkh la'k; ugha gSA
^^vUrdkyesa tks esjk Lej.k djrk gqvk tkrk gS og esjs
Lo:idks çkIr gksrk gSA** ;fn ejusosQ le; Hkxoku~dh Le`fr gks
xbZ rks gekjk dY;k.k gks x;kA ikihosQ fy;s Hkh Hkxoku~ dgrs gSaµ
vfi psRlqnqjkpkjks Hktrs ekeuU;Hkkd~ A
lk/qjso l eUrO;% lE;XO;oflrks fg l% AA
(xhrk ù@ýú)

vFkkZr~µ esjh HkfDrdk çHkko lqudj] ;fn dksbZ vfr'k;
nqjkpkjh Hkh vuU;Hkkols esjk HkDr gqvk esjsdks fujUrj Hktrk gS]
og lk/q gh ekuus ;ksX; gS_ D;ksafd og ;FkkFkZ fu'p;okyk gSA
vFkkZr~ mlus HkyhHkk¡fr fu'p; dj fy;k gS fd ijes'ojosQ HktuosQ

(xhrk ûý@üþ)

vFkkZr~µ gs vtqZu ! ml ije iq#"k ijekRekdks] fdrus gh
euq"; rks 'kq¼ gqbZ lw{ecqf¼ls] è;kuosQ }kjk ân;esa ns[krs gSa rFkk
vU; fdrus gh Kku;ksxosQ }kjk ns[krs gSa vkSj nwljs fdrus gh
param sawa/09-7-11
22

40

39

le;dh veksydrk

fu"dke deZ;kxosQ }kjk ns[krs gSa] vFkkZr~ çkIr djrs gSaA
vU;s RosoetkuUr% JqRokU;sH; miklrs A
rs¿fi pkfrrjUR;so e`R;qa Jqfrijk;.kk% AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

Hkh jktk ,oa vfr ifo=k] mÙke] çR;{k iQyokyk vkSj /eZ;qDr gS]
lk/u djusdks cM+k lqxe vkSj vfouk'kh gSA
tc ,slh ckr gS rks Hkxoku~dks çkIr D;ksa ugha dj ysrs\
vJí/kuk% iq#"kk J¼kdh dehosQ dkj.k gh os blls oafpr jg
tkrs gSAa Hkxoku~ dgrs gS&a eq>dks u ikdj gh e`R;q:i lalkj lkxjesa
HkVdrs gSaA
eq>s u çkIr gksdj HkVdrk gS] ;g ckr Hkxoku~us D;ksa dgh\
tSls jktkosQ iq=kdk tUe&fl¼ jkT;ij vf/dkj gSA ijUrq og
jktkdh vkKkosQ fo#¼ pysxk rks jkT; u nsdj mls tsy gksxhA ;gk¡
jktk ijekRek gSa] tSls jktkosQ yM+osQdk tUe&fl¼ jkT;ij
vf/dkj gS] blh çdkj gekjk Hkh ijekRekdh çkfIresa tUe&fl¼
vf/dkj gS] og ijekRekdh çkfIr gesa çkIr u gks rks gekjs fy;s
'kksddh ckr gSA
Hkxoku~us gesa tUeHkjesa viuh çkfIrosQ dkiQh ekSosQ fn;s]
fiQj Hkh geus lkjs tUeesa Hkxoku~dh çkfIr ugha dhA vc vUr
le;esa Hkh Hkxoku~dh Le`fr gks tk; rks dke cu tk;A
;fn gesa Hkxoku~dh çkfIr ugha gqbZ rks cM+h nq%[kdh ckr gSA
euq"; 'kjhj feyk gS rks gesa dksf'k'k djosQ ijekRekdh çkfIr dj
ysuh pkfg;sA
ç'uµ ;fn dksbZ çkfIr dj ys rks mlus D;k le;dk
lnqi;ksx fd;k\
mÙkjµ gk¡A mlus le;dk FkksM+k lnqi;ksx fd;k gS] D;ksafd
viuh vkRekdk dY;k.k rks FkksM+s le;esa gh gks ldrk gSA ;fn ;g
ckr vius le>esa vk tkos rks dfVc¼ gksdj vius le;dks
fcrkos rc viuk gh ugha lkjs lalkjdk m¼kj dj ldrk gSA ,slh

(xhrk ûý@üÿ)

vFkkZr~µ ijUrq buls nwljs vFkkZr~ tks eUn cqf¼okys iq#"k gS_aS
os Lo;a bl çdkj u tkurs gq,] nwljkssals vFkkZr~ rÙoosQ tkuusokys
iq#"kksals lqudj gh mikluk djrs gSa] vkSj mu iq#"kksaosQ dgusosQ
vuqlkj gh J¼klfgr rRij gq, lk/u djrs gSa vkSj os lquussosQ
ijk;.k gq, iq#"k Hkh e`R;q:Ik lalkj&lkxjdks fu%lUnsg rj tkrs gSaA
tks lka[;;ksx] deZ;ksx vkSj è;ku Hkh ugha tkurk gS mlosQ
fy;s Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa fd og Hkh tkuusokys iq#"kksaosQ }kjk lqudj
mlosQ vuqlkj mikluk djrk gS rks og Hkh rj tkrk gSA
ik; ijein gkFkls tkr] tks ckr xbZ lks xbZ] tks ckdh
gS mldh j{kk djksA ;koUek=kdk vf/dkj gS] vla[;dksfV tho gSa
muesa tks euq";osQ yk;d gksrk gS mls gh ijekRek euq"; cukrs gSaA
bl çdkjdk vf/dkj ikdj Hkh ge ijekRekdks çkIr ugha gksrs]
blesa gsrq D;k gS\ vJ¼kA
vJí/kuk% iq # "kk /eZ L ;kL; ijUri A
vçkI; eka fuorZaUrs e`R;qlalkjoReZfu AA
(xhrk ù@ý)

vFkkZr~µ gs ijari ! bl rÙoKku:i /eZesa J¼kjfgr iq#"k
esjsdks u çkIr gksdj] e`R;q:i lalkjpØesa Hkze.k djrs gSaA
Hkxoku~us /eZdk D;k mins'k fn;k\
jktfo|k jktxq á a ifo=kfeneq Ù kee~ A
çR;{kkoxea /E;Za lqlq[ka drqZeO;;e~ AA
(xhrk ù@ü)

vFkkZrµ
~ ;g Kku lc fo|kvksd
a k jktk rFkk lc xksiuh;ksd
a k
param sawa/09-7-11
23

le;dh veksydrk

42

41

bl euq"; 'kjhjesa 'kfDr gSA
;fn vki dgsa ,slk vHkh rd ugha gqvkA Bhd gS] ij ,slk
djusosQ fy;s eukgh rks ugha gS] gks rks ldrk gh gSA Hkxoku~us ,slh
ckr ugha dgh fd blls c<+dj vkxs vkSj ugha gks ldrkA
ftrus egkRek gq, mUgksaus gtkjksa] yk[kksadk dY;k.k fd;k]
ij muls c<+dj Hkh dksbZ euq"; gks ldrk gSA tcrd geus
;koUek=k thoksadk dY;k.k ugha fd;k rcrd D;k fd;k\ ;g
viuk mís'; cukuk pkfg;sA
gekjh ,slh ;ksX;rk gks tkos fd gekjs n'kZu] Li'kZls gh
yksxksadk dY;k.k gks tk;A rks ;g le;dk FkksM+k lnqi;ksx gqvkA
'kadjthdk Hkh ,slk gh fu;e gSµ tks dk'khesa ejrk gS
mlhdh eqfDr gksrh gS] ij ge rks ,slk djsa fd dgha Hkh dksbZ ejs]
lcdh eqfDr gksA vlEHko D;k gS\ vlEHko oqQN Hkh ugha gSA
tkuoj Hkh vlEHkodks lEHko dj ysrk gS] fiQj gekjs fy;s D;k
dfBu gSA ,d n`"VkUr vkrk gSµ ,d i{kh Fkk] mlus leqæosQ fdukjs
v.Ms fn;s] leqæus viuh ygjksals cgkdj oks v.Ms leqæesa ys x;kA
rc lHkh i{kh;ksaus feydj viuh pksapksa ls tydks ckgj fudky
dj leqædks [kkyh dj fn;k vkSj leqæls mUgksaus v.Ms fudyok
fy;sA gekjh ckr rks ,slh vlEHko Hkh ugha gSA ;g rks lEHko gSA
gesa rks è;s; j[kuk pkfg;s fd lcosQ lkFk gh gekjk dY;k.k gks]
;kuh lcdk dY;k.k gksusij gh gekjk dY;k.k gksA
bl çdkjdk è;s; j[kdj dk;Z vkjEHk djuk pkfg;sA
dlkSVhls dl yksA ghjk vkSj dk¡pesa D;k Hksn gS\ ,sj.k (yksgd
s k ,d
vkStkj) osQ Hkhrj ?kql tk;sxk rks ghjk gS] iwQV tk;sxk rks dk¡p gSA
lksuk fdruk gh rikvks] tyusdk ugha vkSj ghjk iwQVusdk ughaA blh

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

çdkj tks pht uk'k gksrh gS] mls NksM+ nksA viuk le; fdl dkeesa
fcrkuk pkfg;s\ tks fuR; oLrq gS mlesaA lksusdh D;k igpku gS\
lksusdks vkxesa rikvks] og derh ugha gksrk rks Bhd gSA blosQ fy;s
D;k dlkSVh gS\µ
uklrks fo|rs Hkkoks ukHkkoks fo|rs lr% A
mHk;ksjfi n`"Vks¿UrLRou;ksLrÙonf'kZfHk% AA
(xhrk ü@ûö)

vFkkZr~µ gs vtqZu ! vlr~ oLrqdk rks vfLrÙo ugha gS vkSj
lr~dk vHkko ugha gS] bl çdkj bu nksuksadk gh rÙo Kkuh iq#"kksa}kjk
ns[kk x;k gSA
tks pht dk;e ugha gS og feF;k gS] tks lR; oLrq gksrh
gS og ?kVrh ughaA blfy;s viuk le; mlh dkeesa fcrkuk pkfg;s
tks dke Bhd gksA viuk le; ijekFkZesa fcrkuk pkfg;sA ,d {k.k
Hkh feF;k dkeeas ugha fcrkuk pkfg;sA çeknesa rks fcrkuk gh ugha
pkfg;sA Hkksxesa Hkh ugha fcrkuk pkfg;sA gesa viuk lkjk le;
ijekFkZesa fcrkuk pkfg;sA
(;g ys[k isM ua- 77 i`"B la[;k 20 ls 25 rd ls fy;k x;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

param sawa/09-7-11
24

43

44

AA Jhgfj% AA

AA Jhgfj% AA

drZO; le>dj Hkxon~Hktu djuk

gj le; euq"; Hkxoku~dks ;kn
j[k ldrk gS

(çopu ua- 13)

LoxkZJe] xaxkrVdk oVo`{k
pS=k 'kq- 13 laor~ 1999
lu~&1942

fu"dkedeZosQ vkjEHkdk uk'k ugha gksrk vkSj mYVk iQy Hkh
ugha gksrkA FkksM+k&lk Hkh fu"dkedeZ egku Hk;ls rkj nsrk gSA
vUrdkydk FkksM+k Hkh Hktu&è;ku rkj nsrk gSA vUrdkydk FkksM+k
fu"dke&Hkko Hkh o`f¼dks çkIr gksdj dY;k.k djrk gSA
Hkxoku~ euq"; 'kjhj nsdj geas viuh çkfIrdk ekSdk nsrs gSaA
mldks O;FkZ [kksusij Hkh vUrdkydk ekSdk nsrs gSaA ml le; Hkh
;fn Hkxoku~dk Lej.k gks tkrk gS rks dY;k.kdh çkfIr gks ldrh
gSA fdUrq bldk fo'okl djosQ gesa vUrdkyij gh fuHkZj ugha
jguk pkfg;sA 'kk;n ml le; nq%[kosQ dkj.k Hkxoku~dh ;k
HkxoUukedh ;kn gks ;k ugha] D;k fo'okl\
T;knk Hktu gksusij mldk ,slk vH;kl gks tkrk gS fd
mlosQ Lor% Hktu gksus yx tkrk gSA iwokZH;klh vH;klo'k
lk/uesa yx tkrk gS vkSj iw.kZrkdks çkIr dj ysrk gSA
gesa drZO; le>dj Hkxon~Hktu djuk pkfg;s] eku&cM+kbZ]
çfr"BkosQ fy;s ughaA iq=kkfn igys Fks gh (;kuh fiNys tUeksaesa)
ftUgsa vki NksMd
+ j vk;s gSa fiQj D;ksa mUgsa pkgs]a muesa rks nq%[k&gh&nq%[k
gS vr% gesa Hkxon~Hktu gh djuk pkfg;sA
(;g ys[k isM ua- 77 i`"B la[;k 61 ls fy;k x;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

(çopu ua- 14)

LFkku& LoxkZJe

jktfo|k jktxq á a ifo=kfeneq Ù kee~ A
çR;{kkoxea /E;Za lqlq[ka drqZeO;;e~ AA
(xhrk ù@ü)

vFkkZrµ
~ ;g Kku lc fo|kvksd
a k jktk rFkk lc xksiuh;ksd
a k
Hkh jktk ,oa vfr ifo=k] mÙke] çR;{k iQyokyk vkSj /eZ;qDr gS]
lk/u djusdks cM+k lqxe vkSj vfouk'kh gSA
djusesa Hkh lqxe fiQj D;ksa ugha djrs\ J¼k ugha gSA Hkxoku~
xhrkthosQ vè;k; 9@3 esa dgrs gSaµ gs ijari ! bl /eZesa ftu
iq#"kksadh J¼k ugha gS] og esjsdks u çkIr gksdj e`R;q:i lalkj
lkxjesa HkVdrk gSA tSls leqæesa fdruh cwanksadh la[;k gS dksbZ ugha
crk ldrkA blh çdkj ;g lalkj e`R;qdk lkxj gSA blesa fdruh
ckj tUeuk&ejuk gksxk bldh la[;k crkbZ ugha tk ldrhA tho
vla[;ksa cjlksals ?kwerk gqvk vk jgk gS fiQj ogha tkusdks rS;kj gSA
tho dh bl lalkjpØesa lekfIr gS gh ugha] fliZQ ijekRekdh
çkfIrls gh lekfIr gSA Hkkohesa bruk Hkkjh tks nq%[k gS blij
fo'okl gh ugha gSA lk/q egkRek jksrs rks ugha gSa fdUrq jksusosQ
ekfiQd i'pkÙkki djrs gSa fd budh D;k n'kk gksxh\ Hkxoku~ Hkh
dg jgs gSa ijexfrdks u ikdj lalkjesa pØ yxkvksxAs D;k çkfIrdh
lEHkkouk Fkh\ vçkIrdk rks fu"ks/ fd;k ugha tkrkA okLroesa

gj le; euq"; Hkxoku~dks ;kn j[k ldrk gS

46

45

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

fliQkfj'k pyrh gS] u vihy pyrh gSA okjUV ogk¡ls dV x;k]
flikgh (;enwr) vkdj idM+uk ckdh gSA ;g oSQlh ew[kZrk gS tSls
lk¡iosQ eq[kesa iM+k gqvk esa<d ePNj [kkusdh bPNk djrk gSA blh
çdkj dky rkd jgk gS] tSls fcYyh pwgsosQ mQij rkd jgh gS] pwgk
rks cp ldrk gS ijUrq vius cpusdh vk'kk gh ugha gSA ,slh
ifjfLFkfresa iwNs rks gk;&#i;k] gk;&#i;k djrs gSaA bl #i;sdk
djsxk D;k\ rsjs ikl ik¡p gtkj #i;k gS rks Hkh mruk gh vUu [kkrk
gS] ik¡p djksM+ gksxk rc Hkh mruk gh] D;k rqe #i;ksadk miHkksx dj
ldksxs\ lc NksM+&NksM+dj tk jgs gSa] ;gh n'kk gekjh gksxhA
blfy;s gesa og dke djuk pkfg;s ftlls ge lnkosQ fy;s lq[kh
gks tkosAa og pht bl euq"; 'kjhjesa gh çkIr gks ldrh gSA og ,slk
vkuUn gS] tks iw.kZ gSA ftldk fouk'k ugha gks ldrkA og vkuUn
blh euq"; 'kjhjesa fey ldrk gSA og çkIr gS] fiQj foyEc D;ksa\
;gh ew[kZrk gSA {kf.kd 'kkfUr feyrh gS mlosQ fy;s rks ftldk
eq[k ns[kusdk /eZ ugha mldh xqykeh djrk gS vkSj ftlosQ n'kZuls
dY;k.k gks tk; mlosQ fy;s ,d feuV Hkh ughaA dkj.k D;k\
ew[kZrk gSA nqfu;k¡esa ftruk 'kgn [kpZ gksrk gS fdldk ifjJe gS\
efD[k;ksadkA efD[k;ksadk rks osQoy ifjJe gS ('kgndks [kkrs dksbZ
vkSj gh gSa)A blh çdkj ge #i;k bdV~Bk djrs gSa] ifjJe rks
gedks gksrk gS] miHkksx djsxa s nwljsA blfy;s gesa ,sls vkuUndh ps"Vk
djuh pkfg;s tks lnkosQ fy;s gksA
vlyh vkuUn ijekRek gSaA ;g fuR; oLrq gSA lkalkfjd
vkuUn gS og ml vlyh çfrfcEcdk fpydk gS] mls D;k
idM+ukA lkalkfjd lq[k rks fdlh çdkj jgusdk gh ughaA ijekRekdk
Lo:i lw;ZosQ leku gS] mldks idM+uk pkfg;sA vkSj bl euq";
'kjhjesa ;g cM+k Hkkjh ekSdk gS] euq";ls c<+dj dksbZ Hkh ;ksfu ugha

euq";dk Hkxon~çkfIresa tUefl¼ vf/dkj gSA ftl çdkj jkT;ij
jktkosQ yM+osQdk tUefl¼ vf/dkj gS blh çdkj euq"; ek=kdk
ijekRekdh çkfIrij tUefl¼ vf/dkj gSA ijUrq ;g ew[kZ Bqdjkrk
gSA Hkxoku~ gekjs eLrdij gkFk j[krs gSa vkSj ge mls nwj djrs gSaA
tks yM+dk ukyk;d gks tkrk gS] jktk fcuk bPNk Hkh mls fudky
nsrk gSA
Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa fcuk J¼kosQ ;g n'kk gks jgh gSA og J¼k]
Hkxoku~oQs xq.k&çHkko tkuusls gks ldrh gS] ugha rks cM+h nqn'Z kk gSA
lkspks rks lgh nqfu;k¡oQs yksxksd
a h D;k n'kk gksxh\ ftl 'kjhjesa ukS }kj
gS]a blesa çk.k Bgjs gq, gS]a ;gh vk'p;Z gSA çk.k fudy tkuk blesa
D;k vk'p;Z gS\ jktk ;qf/f"Bjus crk;k gS] yksx ej jgs gSa fiQj Hkh
yksx viuh e`R;q ugha ns[krs] ;gh vk'p;Z gSA
geyksxksadks fopkj djuk pkfg;s fd gj le; e`R;q rS;kj gSA
fiQj Hkh geyksx ,s'o;Z vkSj /u c<+k jgs gSaA ;g ugha lksprs vkt
;fn e`R;q gks tkos rks blls D;k lEcU/ gS] lc erycosQ fe=k gSaA
lqj uj eqfu lc oSQ ;g jhrh A
LokjFk ykfx djfga lc çhrh AA
(jk-p-ek-fdf"dU/kdk.M ûü@û)

vFkZµ nsork] euq"; vkSj eqfu lcdh ;g jhfr gS fd
LokFkZosQ fy;s gh lc çhfr djrs gSaA
;fn ;g ckr lkspks rks ew[kZrk çrhr gksrh gS fd 'kjhjdks
;fn [kwc ikyk&ikslk rks D;k gqvk\ ÿ lsj otu T;knk gks x;k] rks
mBkusokysdks rdyhiQ gh gksxhA tydj [kkd gks tk;sxk] bl
'kjhjdh dksbZ pht dke ugha vkrhA
;g gekjs vf/dkjdh ckr ugha gS fd ge u ejsa] u ogk¡
param sawa/09-7-11
26

gj le; euq"; Hkxoku~dks ;kn j[k ldrk gS

48

47

gS vkSj dfy;qxls c<+dj dky ughaA lr~;qxesa nl gtkj o"kZ riL;k
djusls tks dk;Zdh flf¼ ugha gksrh Fkh vkt {k.kesa gh] feuVksaesa gh
og dke gks ldrk gSA ;g bZ'ojdh Ñik gSA fl¼kUr fopkjdj ns[ksa
rks lc /eZ v/wjs gSa ;g oSfnd lukru /eZ vukfn gS] fuR; gSA
nwljs /eZ dksbZ nks gtkj o"kZ iqjkus gSa dksbZ pkj gtkj o"kZls gSaA bl
oSfnd lukru /eZesa gekjk tUe gqvk fiQj Hkh foyEc gksuk vkSj nks
v{kjdk Kku Hkh gS] le;&le;ij lRlaxdh ppkZ fiQj Hkh viuk
m¼kj ugha gksos rks fiQj jksuk gh cnk gS ;kuh jksuk gh iM+sxk] jksoksA
Hkxoku~dh çkfIr ugha gksusesa çkjC/dk uke ysuk Hkh >wBk gh gSA
D;ksafd ;g Hkxon~&çkfIr rks ç;Ru&lkè; gS] ç;Ru Hkxor~&Ñik
lkè; gS vkSj og Hkxor~ Ñik çkIr gSA Hkxoku~dh n;k gS] ;g rks
;gh ckr jgh gS fd Hkxoku~dh çkfIr gksxhA Hkjrth egkjkt tSls
dg jgs gSaµ
tu voxqu çHkq eku u dkmQ A nhu ca/q vfr e`nqy lqHkkmQ AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

tkSa djuh leq>S çHkq eksjh A ufga fuLrkj dyi lr dksjh AA
(jk-p-ek-mÙkj û@ÿ)

;fn esjh djuh dh vksj è;ku nsa rks lkS dYiesa Hkh m¼kj
gksusdk jkLrk ugha gSA gekjs Hkh ikiksadh rjiQ ns[ks rks D;k djksM+ksa
tUeksaesa Hkh m¼kj gks ldrk gS\ ijUrq (Hkxoku~osQ) ogk¡ rks ,slk
dkuwu gS Hkxoku~ bl rjiQ ns[krs gh ugha] lc Hkqyk nsrs gSaA nwljh
ckr gS Hkjrthdks lxqu vPNs gksrs gSa] nkfguh Hkqtk iQM+drh gSA
vius ;gk¡ lxqu ;g gS fd mÙke tkfr] mÙke ns'k] mÙke /eZesa
viuk tUe gqvk gS] y{k.k vPNs gSa] blij Hkh D;ksa ugha fo'okl
djuk pkfg;s fd gesa Hkxoku~ feysaxsA ;fn dgks gesa rks [kkus&ihus
('kjhjosQ iks"k.k)&dh fpUrk gSA rks ;g rks ew[kZrk gSA tc oqQÙks Hkh
thrs gSa] muosQ u O;olk; gS] u vk<+r] u nykyhdk dke gS fIkQj
os Hkh thrs gh gSaA geyksx rks cksy Hkh ldrs gSa lc oqQN dj ldrs
gSaA fiQj bl ckrosQ fy;s D;k fpUrk\ ;g rks ekewyh ckr gS]
thusdh D;k fpUrk gS\ ;g ckr lkspdj geyksx ijekRekdh
çkfIrosQ lk/uesa yx tk;¡ rks FkksM+s le;esa gh ijekRek fey ldrs
gSaA ftl fnu ge ejsaxs ;g lc ;gha /jk jg tk;sxkA vius firk]
firkeg pys x;s] yk[kksa #i;s vius iklesa gSa muls mudks D;k
ykHk fey ldrk gSA ;gh n'kk gekjh gksusokyh gSA è;ku nsuk
pkfg;s vuUr tho gSaA oqQÙks] x/s] dhV irax lc pDdjesa p<+s gq,
gSa] bl pDdjls fudyusdk mik; bl ?kksj dfydkyesa ijekRekdh
çkfIr gSA
iraxs nhidesa ty jgsa gSa nwljs iraxs Hkh mlhesa vkdj iM+rs
gSa] ,slh gh n'kk euq";ksadh gks jgh gSA Hkksxksaesa i¡Qls gSa] urhtk Hkh
fey jgk gSA fdruh ew[kZrkdh ckr gS rqPN xUnh phtksaesa euq";

(jk-p-ek-mÙkj û@ö)

vFkZµ ¹ijUrq vk'kk bruh gh gS fdº çHkq lsoddk voxq.k
dHkh ugha ekursA os nhucU/q gSa vkSj vR;Ur gh dksey LoHkkoosQ
gSAa
tu tks gSa buosQ nks"kdh rjiQ Hkxoku~ ns[krs gh ughaA D;ksfa d
os cM+s n;kyq gSaA
eksjs ft;¡ Hkjksl n`<+ lksbZ A fefygfga jke lxqu lqHk gksbZ AA
(jk-p-ek-mÙkj û@÷)

Hkjrth dgrs gSa esjs euesa n`<+ fo'okl gS fd Hkxoku~
feysaxsA os vius nklksaosQ nks"kksadh vksj ns[krs gh ughaA iwoZesa ;g ckr
dgh gSA
param sawa/09-7-11
27

gj le; euq"; Hkxoku~dks ;kn j[k ldrk gS

49

thou [kpZdj e`R;qdk f'kdkj cu tkuk] vkSj nwljh rjiQ fdruk
vkuUn gS pkgs (bl 'kjhjdks) vkxesa tyk nks pkgs cksVh&cksVh dkV
Mkyks] mlosQ vkuUnesa dHkh deh ugha vkrhA u gU;rs gU;ekus
'kjhjs (xhrk 2@20)A vkRek tks gS og u rks tUerk gS] u ejrk gSA
og vt gS] 'kk'or gS fiQj ;g ckr vkbZ fd [kwc rRijrkls
bZ'ojdh HkfDr djuh pkfg;sA fiQj Hkh rRijrkls lk/u D;ksa ugha
gksrk\ fo'okl ugha gSA
ç'uµ fo'okl oSQls gks\
mÙkjµ lk/u djs] çR;{k iQy gks rks vkigh fo'okl gks
tkrk gSA lk/u Hkh lqxe gSA ti djsa rks D;k dksbZ ifjJe gksrk gS\
gj le; euq"; Hkxoku~dks ;kn j[k ldrk gSA Hkxoku~esa
çhfr ugha gSA çhfr D;ksa ugha gS\ fo'okl ugha gS] fo'okl djuk
pkfg;sA fdlku yksx fo'okl djosQ gh rks vukt feV~Vhesa feyk
nsrs gSaA blh çdkj gesa gekjs bl lq[kdks Bqdjk nsuk pkfg;s vkSj
vlyh lq[kosQ fy;s ç;Ru djuk pkfg;sA lalkjosQ Hkksx inkFkZ rks
nq%[k:i gh gSaA
(;g ys[k isM ua- 99 i`"B la[;k 73 ls 77 rd ls fy;k x;k gSA
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

50
AA Jhgfj% AA

bl ckrij Hkxoku~ xkjUVh nsrs gSa
(çopu ua- 15)

lqcg] oVo`{kosQ uhps
fnukad 21&05&1953

dksbZ&lk Hkh lk/u gks fdUrq Hkxoku~osQ ukedk ti vkSj
ijekRekosQ Lo:idh Le`fr vo'; djsaA og pkgs ok.khls gks ;k
'okllsA fpUru rks euls gh gksrk gS cqf¼ vkSj yxk nsaA ijekRek
gSa ! bl çdkj ekuusesa u dkSM+h yxrh gS u NnkeA ,slk n`<+ fu'p;
djsa fd fiQj ;g fu'p; dk;e jgsA cqf¼ls eku ysosa fd ijekRek
gSaA HkfDriwoZd] vknjiwoZd cqf¼esa fo'okl gks blhdk uke gh J¼k
gSA bl çdkj cqf¼dh ekU;rkuqlkj euls Hkxoku~dk Lej.k djuk
pkfg;s ;kuh Hkxoku~dks ;kn j[kuk pkfg;s] ok.khls muosQ ukedk
ti Hkh gksuk pkfg;sA Lej.k vkSj ti gjoDr cuk jgs blosQ fy;s
'kfDr vuqlkj çk.k&i;ZUr ps"Vk djuh pkfg;sA e`R;qdks Lohdkj dj
ysos fdUrq Hkxoku~osQ uketi o Lej.kdks ugha NksMs+aA ejuk rks gS gh
fiQj Hkxoku~osQ ukedks ysrs gq, ;fn e`R;q gks] rks blls c<+dj vkSj
D;k gksos\ cfYd çkFkZuk djsa fd ejrs le; vkiosQ ukedk ti gks]
pkgs vki n'kZu u nsa fdUrq J¼k HkfDriwoZd vkiosQ ukedk ti
vkSj Le`fr cuh jgs] ;g Hkxoku~ls çkFkZuk djs] ek¡x djsA ;g dkeuk
gksrh gqbZ Hkh bruh 'kq¼ vkSj ifo=k gS fd blls eqfDr gks tkosA
'kjhj Hkh cjrus (NwVus)&okyk gksos rks vkt gh NwV tkos fdUrq
Hkxoku~dks ;kn djrs gq, NwVsA pkgs xaxkosQ fdukjs e`R;q u gksdj
fdlh gfjtuosQ ?kj e`R;q gks tk; fdUrq vkidh Le`fr lnk cuh jgsA
Hkxoku~ls Hkh çkFkZuk djs fd gs Hkxou~! vki Ñik djosQ blesa enn

bl ckrij Hkxoku~ xkjUVh nsrs gSa

52

51

dfj;sA ;gh fl¼kUr gS] ;gh lk/u gS] ;gh lk/uksadk fupksM+ gSA
bl lk/udks fl¼kUr ekudj bldk ikyu djsaA ;g ikyu djsa
fiQj lk/uesa dksbZ deh Hkh jg tk; rks ;g lk/u Lo;a mldks
laHkky ysrk gSA fdUrq blesa deh jg tk; rks fiQj u rks dksbZ
lgk;d gS vkSj u lk/u gSA bl ckrij Hkxoku~ xkjUVh nsrs gSaµ
vuU;psrk% lrra ;ks eka Lejfr fuR;'k% A
rL;kga lqyHk% ikFkZ fuR;;qDrL; ;ksfxu% AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

vFkkZr~µ gs vtqZu ! ;g euq"; vUrdkyesa ftl&ftl Hkh
Hkkodks Lej.k djrk gqvk 'kjhjdks R;kxrk gS] ml mldks gh çkIr
gksrk gSA ijUrq lnk ftl Hkkodk fpUru djrk gS vUrdkyesa Hkh
çk;% mlhdk Lej.k gksrk gSA
lnk rn~Hkkols Hkkfor gqvk ;fn Hkxoku~oQs ukedk ti djrk
gqvk ejrk gS] og ijekRekdks gh çkIr gksrk gSA tks ftldks ;kn djrk
gqvk tkrk gS] og mlhdks çkIr gksrk gSA nsorkvksd
a ks ;kn djrk gqvk
tkrk gS og nsorkvksd
a ks çkIr gksrk gSA vkSj tks Hkwr&çsr vkSj fi'kkpksd
a ks
;kn djrk gqvk tkrk gS og mUghadks çkIr gksrk gSA ,sls gh tks
Hkxoku~dks ;kn djrk gqvk tkrk gS og Hkxoku~dks gh çkIr gksrk gSA
;fn jkst (Hkxoku~dk ;k HkxoUukedk) vH;kl gksxk rks e`R;qoQs le;
Hkh Hkxoku~dh Le`fr gks tk;sxhA blfy;s Hkxoku~ vtquZ dks cgqr tksj
nsdj dgrs gSµ
a ^rLekRlos"Z kq dkys"kq ekeuqLej ;qè; pA* (xhrk ø@÷)
vFkkZrµ
~ ^^blfy;s gs vtquZ ! rw gjsd le;esa esjk Lej.k dj vkSj
;q¼ Hkh djA** ;q¼esa rks cM+k gh tksj vkrk gSA tc Hkxoku~dks ;kn
j[krs gq, ;q¼ gks ldrk gS] rks fiQj gekjsdks lc dke djrs gq,
Lej.k D;ksa ugha gks ldrk\ blfy;s ekrk&cfguksa rFkk Hkkb;ksd
a ks
gjoDr Hkxoku~dks ;kn j[krs gq, dk;Z djrs jguk pkfg;sA Hkxoku~dks
;kn j[krs gq, dke djusls cqjk dke rks gksxk gh ugha vkSj vkxs
ihNsoQs lHkh iki Lokgk gks tk;sxa As bl ckrdks ekudj blosQ fy;s
dfVc¼ gks tkuk pkfg;sA

(xhrk ø@ûþ)

vFkkZr~µ gs vtqZu ! tks iq#"k esjsesa vuU;fpÙkls fLFkr
gqvk] lnk gh fujUrj esjsdks Lej.k djrk gS] ml fujUrj esjsesa ;qDr
gq, ;ksxhosQ fy;s eSa lqyHk gw¡] vFkkZr~ lgt gh çkIr gks tkrk gw¡A
vuU; fpÙkls fuR;&fujUrj Lej.k djs rks Hkxoku~ lqyHkrkls
çkIr gks ldrs gSaA vc&ls vUrrd vH;kl djsa rks gekjk dY;k.k
gks tk;A
vUrdkys p ekeso LejUeqDRok dysoje~ A
;% ç;kfr l en~Hkkoa ;kfr ukLR;=k la'k;% AA
(xhrk ø@ÿ)

vFkkZr~µ tks iq#"k vUrdkyesa Hkh esjsdks gh Lej.k djrk
gqvk 'kjhjdks R;kx dj tkrk gS] og esjs lk{kkr~ Lo:idks çkIr
gksrk gS] blesa oqQN Hkh la'k; ugha gSA
Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa fd vUrdkyesa esjk Lej.k djrk gqvk
'kjhj R;kxdj tkrk gS] og eq>s gh çkIr gksrk gSA ;g Hkxoku~dk
dkuwu gSA
;a ;a okfi LejUHkkoa R;tR;Urs dysoje~ A
ra resoSfr dkSUrs; lnk rn~HkkoHkkfor% AA

(;g ys[k isM ua- 42 i`"B la[;k 84] 85 ls fy;k x;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

(xhrk ø@ö)
param sawa/09-7-11
29

54

53
AA Jhgfj% AA

mls ykr ekjdj fudky nsuk pkfg;sA ;fn ijekRekdh çkfIrosQ
fy;s lk/u gksxk rks oaQpu&dkfeuhesa] eku&cM+kbZesa vVosaQxsa ughaA
;fn ge lk/udh [kkrjh (vknj) ugha djsxa as rks uh;r mPpdksfVdh
ugha gSA nEHkh ik[k.Mh tks gksrs gSa os Hktu&è;kudk <+ksax djosQ
nwljksadks eksfgr dj ysrs gSa vkSj viuh lsok iwtk djokus yx tkrs
gSaA tc iwtk Lohdkj djus yx tkrk gS rks og iwtkdk nkl gqvk]
u fd Hkxoku~dk nklA tks L=khosQ o'kesa gks tkrk gS rks og L=khdk
nkl gS] ijekRekdk nkl ugha] bZ'ojdk nkl ughaA ;fn bZ'ojdk nkl
gksrk rks bu lcdks Bqdjk nsrkA dbZ lk/d ckgjesa ([kqyh txgesa)
cSBdj [kwc tksjksals è;ku djrs gSa] yksxksadks fn[kkusosQ fy;s vkSj tc
os ,dkUresa gksrs gSa rks muls dHkh ekyk gkFkesals fxjrh gS rks dHkh
uhan vkrh gS D;ksafd ogk¡ dksbZ ns[krk rks gS ugha] ckgj rks og
nwljksadks fn[kkusosQ fy;s gh djrk gSA ogk¡ Hkxoku~ ugha vkrs D;ksafd
ogk¡ rks og Bxrk gSA ,slh txgls Hkxoku~ cgqr nwj jgrs gSaA Hkhrjls
Hkxoku~dks pkgs vkSj Hkxoku~osQ vkusesa nsj gksxh rks Hkhrjesa nq%[k
gksxk fd vHkh rd Hkxoku~ ugha vk;s D;k ckr gS\ gs Hkxou~ ! ;fn
vki ugha vk;saxs rks gekjh D;k xfr gksxh] ge rks ekjs tk;saxsA
vkiosQ fcuk gekjk dksbZ Hkh lgk;d ughaA ;g Hkko gksuk pkfg;sA
(lk/u&Hktu) gks x;k lks gks x;k ,slk dgusls Hkxoku~
ugha feyrsA gekjk le; ;fn Bhd ugha chr jgk gS rks bls Bhd
fcrkusdh ps"Vk djuh pkfg;sA tc nk¡r VwV tk;saxs] eqg¡ij >qfjZ;k¡ iM+
tk;saxh] pyuk&mBuk&cSBuk eqf'dy gks tk;sxk rc gekjk D;k
lq/kj gksxk\ D;k vHkh vkiosQ gkFkesa le; gS\ Hkjkslk ugha dc
e`R;q gks tk;A dc bl lalkj&lkxjls ikj gks tk;¡A e`R;q vk tk;sxh
rks D;k vki mls dgsaxs fd vkt ugha dy vk tkukA dgusls Hkh
dkSu lqusxk\ fiQj rks 'kjhjosQ lkFkesa lc lEifÙk ;gha NwV tk;sxhA

cgqrls tUe rks gekjs gks pqosQ
(çopu ua- 16)

oVo`{kosQ uhps
fnukad 22&05&1953

vkt vkidks tks ckr crkbZ tkrh gS og cgqr iQk;ns dh gSA
;fn le>esa vk tkos rks ckr gh D;k gSA tks ijekRekdh çkfIrosQ
ekxZesa pyrk gS] tks lk/ukoLFkkesa gS mlls Hkwy gksuk LokHkkfod gh
gSA euq"; vK gS] vKkurkesa nks"k vk gh tkrk gSA ftrus Hkh fl¼kUr
gSa] ekU;rk;sa gSa ;k er&erkUrj gSa lHkh Hkzeesa Hkh Mkyusokys gSa vkSj
eqfDr Hkh nsusokys gSaA ,d&ls&,d vyx gS] bl rjg rks ;s Hkzeesa
Mkyusokys gSa vkSj fdlh ,ddks ekudj mlosQ vuqlkj vkpj.k djs
rks eqfDr Hkh gks tk;A [;ky djuk pkfg;s vkiyksxksadks cM+h
egÙodh ckr crkbZ tkrh gS] le>usdh t:jr gSA gekjh tks Hkkouk
gS ;kuh uh;r gS #i;ksadh çkfIrdh] og ugha gksuh pkfg;s cfYd
Hkxoku~dh çkfIrdh uh;r gksuh pkfg;sA uh;r vlyh gksuh pkfg;s
fiQj lk/uesa dksbZ Hkwy gks Hkh tkrh gS rks Hkxoku~ Lo;a ekiQ dj
nsrs gSaA mls Hkxoku~ vius vki laHkky ysrs gSaA gesa fpUrk djusdh
t:jr ughaA gekjh uh;resa nks"k ugha gksuk pkfg;sA ijekRekdks çkIr
djuk lPph uh;r gSA fiQj chpeas eku&cM+kbZ rFkk 'kjhjosQ vkjkedks
vknj nsrk gS rks og uh;rdk nks"k gSA tgk¡ eku&cM+kbZ çkIr gqbZ rks
fiQj pkgs Hkxoku~ ukjkt gksa mldks vknj u nsaA ;fn vknj nsrk gS
rks og lk/u ijekRekdh çkfIrosQ fy;s ugha eku&çfr"BkosQ fy;s
gSA D;ksafd tc eku&çfr"Bk feyrh gS rks iwQy tkrs gSa vkSj
Hkxoku~dks Hkwy tkrs gSAa ;g Hkxoku~dh çkfIresa fo?u gS ,slk ekudj
bldk frjLdkj dj nsuk pkfg;sA tks Hkxoku~dh çkfIresa ck/d gS

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

param sawa/09-7-11
30

cgqrls tUe rks gekjs gks pqosQ

56

55

fdlhosQ lkFkesa oqQN Hkh lEcU/ ugha jgsxkA oqQVqEcosQ lkFkesa ikbZ
Hkj Hkh lEcU/ ugha jgsxkA 'kjhj Hkh lkFkesa ugha tk;sxkA osQoy
çk.k] bfUæ;k¡] eu vkSj cqf¼ ;s gh lkFkesa tk;saxsA LFkwy 'kjhjdks
NksM+dj lw{e 'kjhjls pys tkvksxsA rqedks viuh lkjh mezesa ogh
/u çkIr djuk pkfg;s ftlls fiQj Hkxoku~ [kjhns tk;saA ;fn bl
thouesa Hkxoku~ ugha feysaxs rks i¡wth rks jgsxh gh (;kuh tks
Hktu&è;ku] uke&ti fd;k gS og iw¡th rks jgsxh ghA) rks vxys
tUeesa ;ksxHkz"VosQ :iesa tUe gks tk;sxk rc eqfDr gks tk;sxhA vkSj
fdlh ;ksfuesa rks Hkxoku~dh çkfIr gksuh eqf'dy gSA euq"; ;ksfu
rHkh feysxh] tc ;ksxHkz"V gks tkoksxsA
v;fr% J¼;ksisrks ;ksxkPpfyrekul% A
vçkI; ;ksxlaflf¼a dka xfra Ñ".k xPNfr AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

egkRek iq#"kksadks ;ksxh dgrs gSa] muosQ ;gk¡ tUe ysdj og Hkh
muosQ tSlk gh vkpj.k djus yx tkrk gS] fiQj mls Hkxoku~dh
çkfIr gks tkrh gSA vlyh /u ogh gS] ftlosQ cyls ;ksfx;ksaosQ
oqQyesa tUe gksrk gSA og vPNh uh;rls fd;k gqvk lk/u gSA bl
tUeesa eu&cqf¼dks 'kq¼ cukdj tk;saxs rks nwljs tUeesa Hkxoku~dh
çkfIr gks tk;sxhA blh tUeesa 15 vkuk iQk;nk gks tk;sxk rks vkxs
fiQj tUe ugha ysuk iM+sxkA
bfUæ;kasdh ifo=krk djuh pkfg;sA us=kksadh ifo=krk D;k gS\
ekrk&cguksadks vPNh n`f"Vls ns[ksaA viusls cM+h gks rks mls ekrk]
cjkcjokyh gks rks cfgu le>saA lcesa bZ'oj ns[ks rks gekjs us=kksadh
fo'ks"k ifo=krk gSA
cgw u ka tUeukeUrs KkuokUeka çi|rs A
oklqnso% loZfefr l egkRek lqnqyZHk% AA

(xhrk ö@ý÷)

Hkxoku~ls vtqZu iwN jgs gSa fd tks la;eh ugha gS fdUrq
;ksxesa dgha J¼k gks ,slk ;ksxls pfyr gq, euokyk lk/d
laflf¼dks u ikdj dkSu&lh xfrdks tkrk gS\
ikFkZ uSosg ukeq=k fouk'kLrL; fo|rs A
u fg dY;k.kÑRdfÜÓn~nqxZfra rkr xPNfr AA

(xhrk ÷@ûù)

vFkkZr~µ tks cgqr tUeksoa Qs vUrosQ tUeesa rÙoKkudks çkIr
gqvk Kkuh lc oqQN oklqnos gh gS vFkkZr~ oklqnos osQ flok; vU;
oqQN Hkh ugha] bl çdkj esjd
s ks Hktrk gS og egkRek vfr nqyHZ k gSA
cgqrls tUeksaosQ vUresa Kkuoku iq#"k eq>s çkIr gksrk gSA
fdUrq oklqnso lc txg gS ,slk ekuusokyk egkRek cM+k gh nqyZHk
gSA cgqrls tUe rks gekjs gks pqosQA blh tUeesa ;fn ge Hkxoku~dh
çkfIr dj ysa rks ;gh gekjk 'ks"kdk (vfUre) tUe gks tk;A lcesa
Hkxon~cqf¼ gks tk;] lcdks Hkxoku~ le>dj lsok djsa rks gkFk
ifo=k gks tk;A dku ifo=k gksrs gSa&Hkxoku~osQ xq.k] çHkko ,oa
çsedh ckr lquuslsA feF;k ckrsa lquusls rks dku nwf"kr gksrs gSaA
nks"kksadks bdV~Bk djosQ ys tk;saxs rks iQksuksxzkedh rjg [khaps tk;saxsA
oklqnso% loZfefr ,slk mPpHkko j[kuk pkfg;sA ok.khls fdlhdks

(xhrk ö@þú)

vFkkZr~µ bl çdkj vtqZuosQ iwNusij JhÑ".k Hkxoku~ cksys]
gs ikFkZ ! ml iq#"kdk] u rks bl yksdesa vkSj u ijyksdesa gh uk'k
gksrk gS] D;ksafd gs I;kjs ! dksbZ Hkh 'kqHk deZ djusokyk vFkkZr~
Hkxor~&vFkZ deZ djusokyk nqxZfrdks çkIr ugha gksrk gSA
vPNs deksZadks djusokysdh dHkh nqxZfr ugha gksrhA og
;gk¡ls ejdj LoxZesa u tkdj ;ksfx;ksaosQ ?kjesa tUe ysrk gSA ;g Hkh
dksbZ vklku pht ugha] yk[kksaesa dksbZ ,d&nks gh ,sls gksrs gSaA
param sawa/09-7-11
31

cgqrls tUe rks gekjs gks pqosQ

58

57

Hkh xkyh ugha nsuh pkfg;sA fdlhdks xkyh nsusls] fuUnk djusls]
feF;k Hkk"k.kls ok.kh nwf"kr gksrh gSA ;s laLdkj ejusij lkFk tk;saxsA
ok.khosQ }kjk Hkxoku~osQ uke] xq.kksadk Lokè;k; gks rks ok.kh ije
ifo=k gks tk;] rc rks gekjk blh tUeesa dY;k.k gks tk;A
;s bfUæ;k¡ ;fn ;gk¡ ij (blh tUeesa) gh 'kq¼ gks tk;¡ rks
;gha çkfIr] ugha rks vxys tUeesa Hkxoku~dh çkfIr gksxhA ;fn geus
ok.khesa owQM+k&djdV Hkj fy;k rks ujdksaesa gh fxjuk iM+sxkA ,slh
rkelh ;ksfu;k¡ feysaxh tgk¡ ijekRekdh çkfIr gks gh ugha ldrhA
gedks bruh rsthls ps"Vk djuh pkfg;s fd gesa Hkxoku~dh çkfIr
blh tUeesa gks tk;A gekjs ikl ftruh Hkh 'kfDr;k¡ gSa mu lcdks
ijekRekdh çkfIresa yxk nsuk pkfg;sA ugha rks ?kksj i'pkÙkki djuk
iM+sxkA
dkyfg deZfg bZ'ojfg feF;k nksl yxkb A

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

ftldks ikdj mlls c<+dj vkSj oqQN ugha le>rkA ftl
ijekRekosQ Lo:iesa fLFkr gksdj Hkkjh&ls&Hkkjh nq%[kls Hkh pyk;eku
ugha gksrk gSA blfy;s gekjs ikl 'kjhj ekStwn gS rks bl phtdks
vo'; çkIr djuk pkfg;sA ;g cgqr 'kh?kz vkSj lqxerkls gks ldrk
gSA geus bldh vogsyuk dj j[kh gS blfy;s of×pr jg tkrs gSaA
^^drq± lqlq[ka** djusesa cM+k gh lqxe gSA og tYnh gh
/ekZRek cu tkrk gSA pkgs ?kksj ikih Hkh D;ksa u gksA
rs " kkega leq ¼ rkZ e` R ;q l a l kjlkxjkr~ A
Hkokfe ufpjkRikFkZ eÕ;kosf'krpsrlke~ AA
(xhrk ûü@÷)

vFkkZr~µ gs vtquZ ! mu esjes as fpÙkdks yxkusokys çseh
HkDrksd
a k eSa 'kh?kz gh e`R;q:i lalkjleqæls m¼kj djusokyk gksrk g¡Aw
ftUgksaus esjsesa fpÙk yxk fn;k gS mUgsa eSa bl lalkj&lkxjls
'kh?kz gh ikj dj nsrk gw¡A nsjhdk dke ughaA ;ksx;qDrks eqfuczZã
ufpjs.kkf/xPNfr (xhrk ÿ@ö) vFkkZr~& HkxoRLo:idks euu
djusokyk fu"dke deZ;ksxh ijczã ijekRekdks 'kh?kz gh çkIr gks
tkrk gSA
J¼kok¡YyHkrs Kkua rRij% la;rsfUæ;% A
Kkua yCèok ijka 'kkfUrefpjs.kkf/xPNfr AA

(jk-p-ek-m-&þý)

bu lc ckrksadks lkspdj gesa bldks (ijekRekdh çkfIrdks)
ugha NksM+uk pkfg;sA tc fgrdh ckr gS] fgrdh gh ugha ijefgrdh
rks bls ugha NksM+uk pkfg;sA blls c<+dj vkSj dksbZ fgr ughaA vki
HkVdrs fiQjrs gSa D;ksafd vkidks iw.kkZuandh çkfIr ugha gqbZ rHkh
HkVdrs gSaA tc euq"; ml vkuUnls r`Ir gks tkrk gS rks mls dksbZ Hkh
pht vPNh ugha yxrhA tc ml vkuUnls Hkj tkrk gS rc mls
fdlh Hkh phtdh vko';drk ugha jgrhA ml vkuUndh çkfIrosQ
ckn 'kjhjdks pkgs dkV Mkyks] tyk nks ij vkuUndh fLFkfr oSlh gh
cuh jgsxhA ;g ijh{kk gSA
;a yCèok pkija ykHka eU;rs ukf/oaQ rr% A
;fLefULFkrks u nq%[ksu xq#.kkfi fopkY;rs AA

(xhrk þ@ýù)

vFkkZr~µ gs vtqZu ! ftrsfUæ;] rRij gqvk] J¼koku~ iq#"k
Kkudks çkIr gksrk gS] vkSj ml Kkudks ikdj rR{k.k HkxoRçkfIr:i
ije'kkfUrdks 'kh?kz gh çkIr gks tkrk gSA
Hkxoku~us txg&txg tYnh gh çkfIr crkbZ gSA nsjhdk dke
ugha gSA vki dgrs gSa fd gesa rks lk/u djrs gq, cgqr&ls o"kZ gks
x;s] gesa rks vHkh rd fdlh Hkh phtdh çkfIr ugha gqbZ gSA rks vki

(xhrk ö@üü)
param sawa/09-7-11
32

59

cgqrls tUe rks gekjs gks pqosQ

>wB Hkys gh dgks okLroesa rks vkius lk/u fd;k gh ughaA lk/u
rks nkeh gksuk pkfg;s tc vki nkeh pht pkgrs gSaA vki dfBu
ekurs gSa vkSj Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa lqlq[ka A Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa iQy Hkh
çR;{k gSA vkt dke djks vkSj nwljs tUeesa mldk iQy feysxk ;g
ckr ugha gSA
jktfo|k jktxqáa ifo=kfeneqÙkee~ A
çR;{kkoxea /E;Za lqlq[ka drqZeO;;e~ AA
(xhrk ù@ü)

vFkkZrµ
~ ;g Kku lc fo|kvksd
a k jktk rFkk lc xksiuh;ksd
a k
Hkh jktk gS ,oa vfr ifo=k] mÙke] çR;{k iQyokyk vkSj /eZ;qDr
gS] lk/u djusdks cM+k lqxe vkSj vfouk'kh gSA
Hkxoku~ vtZquls dgrs gSa rw esjk vfr'k; I;kjk gS blfy;s
dgrk gw¡A ugha rks Hkxoku~dks D;k iM+h FkhA oSQlk Hkh ikih gks] ftl
çdkj lkcqu eSys&ls&eSys diMs+dks lkiQ dj nsrk gS mlh çdkj
Kkuesa Hkh bruh 'kfDr gS fd og ikfi;ksadks Hkh ifo=k dj Mkyrk
gSA iQy Hkh çR;{k gksrk gS ftl çdkj Hkkstuls {kq/k fuo`fÙk gksrh
gS] tyls I;kldh fuo`fÙk gksrh gSA ;g Hkw[k&I;kldh fuo`fÙk rks
,d ckj gksrh gS fiQj okfil vko';drk gks tkrh gS fdUrq ;g
vfouk'kh gSA blosQ okLrs ifjJe Hkh ugha djuk iM+rkA dfBu
ekurs gSa ;g ew[kZrk gSA gesa Hkxoku~osQ opuksaij fo'okl djosQ blesa
yx tkuk pkfg;s vkSj ;g fu'p; dj ysuk pkfg;s fd ;k rks
Hkxoku~dks çkIr gh djsaxs ugha rks çk.k NksM+dj ej feVsaxsA
(;g ys[k isM ua- 42 i`"B la[;k 86 ls 90 rd ls + fy;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

60
AA Jhgfj% AA

psrkouh
(çopu ua- 17)

LoxkZJe] oVo`{k
vk"kk<+ Ñ- 8&9 laor~ 2001
cq/okj lu~ 1944

ftrus tks lqUnj&lqUnj 'kjhj gSa bu lcdh ,d fnu [kkd ;k
feV~Vh gksusokyh gSA vkt ;fn e`R;q gks tk; rks vkt gh [kkd gSA
vkSj ml [kkddks fiQj dksbZ Nqosxk Hkh ughaA viuk gkM+&ekal gS
vkSj Hkh tks oqQN gS lcdh HkLeh gks tk;sxh] dksbZ pht dke ugha
vkosxhA blfy;s tc rd bldh HkLeh u gks rc rd blls [kwc
dke ysuk pkfg;sA vHkh rks bldks cf<+;k&ls&cf<+;k dkeesa fy;k
tk ldrk gSA gtkjksa ckj vius 'kjhjdh [kkd gqbZ gS] bl 'kjhjdh
Hkh gksusokyh gSA ,slk lqUnj 'kjhj] ,slk nkeh 'kjhj] yk[k #i;k
nsusij Hkh ugha fey ldrk] ftldh HkLeh gksusokyh gSA fdruh
ew[kZrk gS tks blls dke u fy;k tk;A ejusosQ ckn bldk dksbZ nke
ugha] bls dksbZ ?kjesa j[ksxk gh ughaA blfy;s bl 'kjhjls [kwc dke
ysuk pkfg;sA ;gh cqf¼ekuh gSA iwjs fnudh HkkMs+dh eksVj gksrh gS
vkSj mls HkkM+k ns fn;k x;k] rks vc mlls [kwc dke yksA tks mlls
dke ugha ysrk] og ew[kZ gSA tSls fdlh [ksresa /krq gS vkSj mls ,d
lkyosQ fy;s BsosQij ys fy;k] vc mlesals ftruk /krq fudky
fy;k tk; ogh viuk gS] ,d lky ckn rks viuk vf/dkj jgsxk
ughaA blh çdkj tc rd ;g 'kjhj gS blls [kwc dke ysuk pkfg;sA
blesa Hkh Hkxoku~dk Hktu&è;ku&lRlax djuk cgqr nkeh gSA jRu
Hkh blosQ lkeus dksbZ eqdkcysdh pht ugha gS] blfy;s bl 'kjhjls
ykHk mBkuk pkfg;sA ,slk ykHk mBkos fd lnkosQ fy;s lq[kh gks
tkosaA orZekuesa rks ge jkr&fnu ty jgs gSa mcyrs gq, rsyesa tSls

psrkouh

62

61

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

cM+k (idksM+k) ilhtrk gS bl rjg ilhtrs jgrs gSaA bl nq%[k]
fpUrk] Hk;] 'kksddks lnkosQ fy;s nwj djuk pkfg;sA bZ'ojus tc gesa
cqf¼] foosd] Kku fn;k gS rc mlls ykHk mBkuk pkfg;sA ge egku~
nq%[kh gks jgs gSa bldk rks vR;Ur vHkko dj nsuk pkfg;sA tks ckr
chr xbZ lks chr xbZ vkusokys nq%[kdk rks vHkko dj nsuk pkfg;s
vkSj ;g gks ldrk gSA euq"; 'kjhjesa Hkh nq%[k D;ksa gksrk gS\
ew[kZrklsA ew[kZrk gS] vKkulsA vKkudk uk'k gksrk gS Kkuls vkSj
Kku gksrk gS vUr%dj.k 'kq¼ gksuslsA blfy;s geyksxksadks
Hktu&è;ku&lRlax djuk pkfg;s ftlls vUr%dj.k 'kq¼ gksA Hkxoku~
xhrkthesa dgrs gSaµ
dk;su eulk cq¼Ôk osQoySfjfUæ;Sjfi A
;ksfxu% deZ oqQoZfUr lÄaõ R;DRokRe'kq¼;s AA

vkSj vgadkjjfgr Li`gkjfgr gqvk crZrk gS] og 'kkfUrdks çkIr gksrk gSA
tks vkneh lEiw.kZ dkeuk] eerk] vgadkjdks R;kxdj fopjrk
gS] og 'kkfUrdks çkIr gks tkrk gSA ;fn vkidks fuR; 'kkfUr] ije
vkuUndh vko';drk gS rks lcls çse gVkdj Hkxoku~esa çse djks]
;gh ljy mik; gSA
dhrZu& ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUuukjk;.k
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k----------tSls geus ;gk¡ dhrZudh /qu yxkbZ blh rjg ejusokys
vknehosQ ikl yxkuh pkfg;sA og ukjk;.kdk è;ku djrk&djrk
ej tk; rks mldk csM+k ikj gSA Hkxoku~us xhrkthesa dgk gSµ
vUrdkys p ekeso LejUeqDRok dysoje~ A
;% ç;kfr l en~Hkkoa ;kfr ukLR;=k la'k;% AA

(xhrk ÿ@ûû)

(xhrk ø@ÿ)

vFkkZr~µ fu"dke deZ;ksxh eeRocqf¼jfgr osQoy bfUæ;]
eu] cqf¼ vkSj 'kjhj}kjk Hkh vklfDrdks R;kx dj vUr%dj.kdh
'kqf¼osQ fy;s deZ djrs gSaA
os vklfDrdks R;kxdj fu"dkeHkkols deZ djrs gSaA ftlls
mUgsa 'kk'or 'kkfUr feyrh gSA 'kkfUr feyrh gS fu"dke deZ
djusls ;k bZ'ojosQ HktulsA
;qDr% deZiQya R;DRok 'kkfUrekIuksfr uSf"Bdhe~ A

vFkkZr~µ tks iq#"k vUrdkyesa esjsdks gh Lej.k djrk gqvk
'kjhjdks R;kx dj tkrk gS] og esjs lk{kkr~ Lo:idks çkIr gksrk gS]
blesa oqQN Hkh la'k; ugha gSA
ejusosQ ckn vkSj ejusosQ le; ;g çcU/ rks djuk gh
pkfg;sA NksVk ejs pkgs cM+kA bl rjg dhrZu lqurs gq, ejuk gh
ljkgus yk;d gSA ftl çdkj Hkh"eth xaxk fdukjs ejs (;kuh 'kjhj
NksM+k) rks ;g cM+s vkuUndh ckr gSA
ejusosQ oDr ckgjosQ ç;Ruesa lcls c<+dj ;gh gS fd
ej.kklUu O;fDrdks Hkxoku~osQ ukedk dhrZu lqukos ;k xhrkth
lqukosA mldk Lor% Hkxoku~esa] HkxoUuke ;k xhrkthesa è;ku gks og
rks iQk;nsdh pht gS ghA ukjk;.kdk uke Jo.k djrk gqvk e`R;qdks
çkIr gks tk; rks csM+k ikj] ;g ckr la{ksiesa dg nhA

(xhrk ÿ@ûü)

vFkkZr~µ fu"dke deZ;ksxh deksZaosQ IkQydks ijes'ojosQ
viZ.k djosQ HkxoRçkfIr:i 'kkfUrdks çkIr gksrk gSA
fIkQj Hkxoku~ dgrs gSaµ
fogk; dkekU;% lokZUiqekaÜÓjfr fu%Li`g% A
fueZeks fujgadkj% l 'kkfUref/xPNfr AA

(;g ys[k isM+ ua- 73 i`"B la[;k 31] 32 ls fy;k x;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

(xhrk ü@÷û)

vFkkZr~µ tks iq#"k lEiw.kZ dkeukvksd
a ks R;kxdj eerkjfgr
param sawa/09-7-11
34

63

64

AA Jhgfj% AA

fuR; fujUrj Hkxoku~dk Lej.k gS] blls Hkxoku~ lqyHk gSaA
Hkxoku~ fey x;s rks thou liQy gks x;kA igyh ckr rks ;g gS
fd 'kjhjdk Hkjkslk ugha] ;fn Hkxoku~osQ Hktu&è;kuosQ fcuk 'kjhj
NwV x;k rks irk ugha dgk¡ rd iru gks ldrk gSA blosQ fy;s
xhrkthesa crk;k gSµ
;a ;a okfi LejUHkkoa R;tR;Urs dysoje~ A
ra resoSfr dkSUrs; lnk rn~HkkoHkkfor% AA

Hkxoku~osQ fpUrudk egÙo
(çopu ua- 18)

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

LoxkZJe] oVo`{k nksigjdks
vk"kk<+ lqnh 2 laor~ 2001] lu~ 1944

Hktu&è;ku&lsok ;g [ksrh gS] bUgsa lhapuk pkfg;sA bldh
flapkbZ gksrh gS lRlax&:ih tylsA lRlax ugha feys rks lk/d
iq#"kksadk lax djuk pkfg;s] og Hkh ugha feys rks xhrk] jkek;.k
vkfn 'kkL=kksadk Lokè;k; djuk pkfg;s] blls Hkh [ksrh gjh&Hkjh
jg ldrh gSA
Lokehth jkelq[knklthus dgk vkxsosQ fy;s lk/u cuk jgs]
mlosQ fy;s ckr crkb;sA mlosQ fy;s ,d ckr gSA ckr gS cgqr
nkeh] ge le> ysa fd e`R;qdk dksbZ Hkjkslk ugha gS] u ekywe dc
e`R;q gks tk;] e`R;qosQ le; Hkxoku~dh Le`fr ugha jgh rks fu ÜÓ;
nqxZfr gSA irk ugha dc e`R;q vk tk;A blfy;s gesa gj le;
Hkxoku~dk fpUru djuk pkfg;sA pkgs gekjs çk.k pys tk;¡ fdUrq
ge Hkxoku~dks ugha HkwysaA fujUrj tks Hkxoku~dk Hktu&è;ku gS
mlosQ fy;s xhrkthesa crk;k gSµ
vuU;psrk% lrra ;ks eka Lejfr fuR;'k% A
rL;kga lqyHk% ikFkZ fuR;;qÙkQL; ;ksfxu% AA

(xhrk ø@ö)

vFkkZr~µ gs oqQUrhiq=k vtqZu ! ;g euq"; vUrdkyesa
ftl&ftl Hkh Hkkodks Lej.k djrk gqvk 'kjhjdks R;kxrk gS] ml
mldks gh çkIr gksrk gS] D;ksafd lnk ftl Hkkodk fpUru djrk gS]
vUrdkyesa Hkh çk;% mlhdk Lej.k gksrk gSA
vki lkspks ;fn gesa vUr&le;esa i'kqdh Le`fr gks xbZ rks
i'kq gh cu tk;sxa ]s tSls tM+&Hkjr eqfu fgj.k cu x;sA vUr&le;dk
irk ugha blfy;s nwljh phtdks ekSdk nsa gh ughaA
xksoqQypUn ukedk ,d HkkbZ chekj Fkk] vkt mldh e`R;q
gks xbZA iPphl&rhl gtkj #i;sdk mlosQ ikl lkeku vkSj #i;k
vkfn Fkk] iqfyl mBkdj ys xbZA ;fn og thrs&th #i;ksadks vPNs
dkeesa yxk nsrk rks fdruk midkj gksrkA ;gh n'kk rks lcdh
gksusokyh gSA blfy;s tcrd e`R;q nwj gS] rcrd tks djuk gks dj
ysuk pkfg;sA
;g #i;k vkSj 'kjhj rks tkusokyh pht gS gh] ftuosQ lkFk
la;ksx gS mudk fo;ksx gksusokyk gh gS fiQj bUgsa D;ksa idM+uk
pkfg;sA rqEgkjk rks ijekRekdks NksM+dj vkSj dksbZ ugha gSA L=kh] iq=k
vkfn rks rqEgsa R;kxusokys gSaA mÙke ckr rks ;g gS fd rqe igys gh

(xhrk ø@ûþ)

vFkkZr~µ gs vtqZu ! tks iq#"k esjsesa vuU;fpÙkls fLFkr
gqvk] lnk gh fujUrj esjsdks Lej.k djrk gS] ml fujUrj esjsesa
;qDr gq, ;ksxhosQ fy;s eSa lqyHk gw¡ vFkkZr~ lgt gh çkIr gks tkrk
g¡Aw
param sawa/09-7-11
35

Hkxoku~osQ fpUrudk egÙo

66

65

bUgsa R;kx nksA vki yk[k mik; djks] oqQN Hkh vkiosQ lkFk tkusdk
ugha gSA ;g 'kjhj Hkh vkiosQ lkFk tkusdk ughaA ejuk vo'; iM+xs k]
yk[k mik; djks rks Hkh 'kjhj jgusdk ugha gSA blfy;s 'kjhjls rFkk
,s'o;Z (çkIr oLrqvks)a &ls [kwc dke ysuk pkfg;s] tc rd vkidk
vf/dkj gS rc rd ykHk mBk ysuk pkfg;sA ;gh cqf¼ekuh gSA
vkidks i'pkÙkki u djuk iM+]s vUrle;esa jksuk ugha iM+]s tSls og
HkkbZ xksoQq ypUn x;kA oqQN ugha osQoy Hkxoku~dk Lej.k djsA Hkxoku~dh
vius mQij n;k le>dj Hkxoku~dks ;kn j[ks]a çHkqdks er fclkjks]
mudks vius y{;esa j[kks] fiQj csMk+ ikj gSA
vUrdkys p ekeso LejUeqDRok dysoje~ A
;% ç;kfr l en~Hkkoa ;kfr ukLR;=k la'k;% AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

Hkxoku~ ;kn jgrs gSaA vkils iq.; deZ ugha cus rks u lgh] iki rks
er dfj;sA vkSj çHkqdks ;kn jf[k;s fiQj vkiosQ dY;k.kesa lUnsg
ugha gSA
lar feyu v# gfjHkfDr (Hktu) nqyZHk txesa nks; A
lqr nkjk vksj y{eh ikihosQ Hkh gks; AA
L=kh] iq=k lc nqfu;k¡esa (;kuh lc ;ksfu;ksaesa) gksrs gSaA nks gh
ckr nqyZHk gSa] ,d rks lRlax] nwljh bZ'ojdh HkfDrA bZ'ojdh
HkfDr:ih [ksrh lw[k jgh gS] og lRlaxls gjh&Hkjh jgrh gSA
blfy;s gjoDr çiqQfYyr jgussosQ fy;s lRlax djuk pkfg;sA
nks ckr vkils cuusesa vkos rks cgqr gh mÙke gS ugha rks ,d
gh ckr Hkxoku~dh Le`fr vki gj le; dfj;sA blls lcoqQN gks
ldrk gSA egf"kZ iratfy Hkh dgrs gSa& Hkxoku~osQ ukedk ti vkSj
Lo:idk è;ku djuk pkfg;s] blls lkjs fo?uksadk uk'k gks tkrk gSA
Hkxoku~ xhrkthesa dgrs gSaµ
vfi psRlqnqjkpkjks Hktrs ekeuU;Hkko~Q A
lk/qjso l eUrO;% lE;XO;oflrks fg l% AA

(xhrk ø@ÿ)

vFkkZr~µ tks iq#"k vUrdkyesa esjsdks gh Lej.k djrk gqvk
'kjhjdks R;kx dj tkrk gS] og esjs lk{kkr~ Lo:idks çkIr gksrk gS]
blesa oqQN Hkh la'k; ugha gSA
blfy;s fujUrj Hkxoku~dk Hktu djuk pkfg;s] irk ugha
e`R;q dc vk tk;A geyksx [kwc jkth [kq'kh ?kwe jgs gSaA ;fn gStk
gks tk; rks N% ?k.Vk ;k ckjg ?k.Vsesa [kreA ;g rks fLFkfr gS
gekjhA vki jksd ugha ldrs fd ge gStk ugha pkgrsA tSls pwgs
?kwers gSa vpkud fcYyh idM+ ysrh gS] blh çdkj dky rkd jgk
gSA og vpkud vkdj idM+sxkA blfy;s gesa gjoDr e`R;qdks ;kn
j[kuk pkfg;sA blh ckrdks crkusosQ fy;s ukjk;.k Lokeh dgrs gSaµ
nks ckrudks Hkwy er] tks pkgr dY;k.k A
ukjk;.k bd ekSrdks] nwts JhHkxoku AA
e`R;qdks ;kn j[kusls ,d rks u;k iki ugha gksrk vkSj nwljs

(xhrk ù@ýú)

vFkkZr~µ esjh HkfDrdk çHkko lqudj] ;fn dksbZ vfr'k;
nqjkpkjh Hkh vuU;Hkkols esjk HkDr gqvk esjsdks fujUrj Hktrk gS] rks
og lk/q gh ekuus ;ksX; gS_ D;ksafd og ;FkkFkZ fu'p;okyk gS
vFkkZr~ mlus HkyhHkk¡fr fu'p; dj fy;k gS fd ijes'ojosQ HktuosQ
leku vU; oqQN Hkh ugha gSA
rqylhnklth Hkh dgrs gSaµ
tcfga uke fgjns /jÔks] Hk;ks ikidks ukl A
ekukS fpuxh vkx dh] ijh iqjkuh ?kkl AA
param sawa/09-7-11
36

Hkxoku~osQ fpUrudk egÙo

67

68

fujUrj Hkxoku~osQ fpUruls Hkxoku~dh çkfIr vo'; gks
tkrh gSA vUrdkyesa rks gks gh tkrh gSA igys Hkh gks ldrh gSA
vius rks iqdkj yxkuh pkfg;sA iqdkj gks çsedhA osQ'ko osQ'ko
owQfd;s uk owQfd;s vlkjA ;g rks lkekU; ckr crkbZ] vc fo'ks"k
ckr crkbZ tkrh gSµ
gesa vius ?kj tkdj lcosQ lkFk çsedk O;ogkj djuk
pkfg;sA ,d gh ckr gS LokFkZdk R;kx djuk pkfg;sA LokFkZ R;kx
djusls çse gksrk gSA LokFkZ R;kx ,slh pht gS tks nwljksadks vkdf"kZr
djusokyh gSA ;g eksguh ea=k gS] blesa nwljksadks o'kesa djusdh
vykSfdd 'kfDr gSA LokFkZ R;kxls vkigh çse gksrk gSA ;g ckr gesa
lh[kuh pkfg;s] blls vykSfdd ykHk gSA tc rd vkidh Hkksx
vkSj vkjkeesa cqf¼ jgsxh rc rd vkidk m¼kj gks gh ugha ldrkA
Hkksx vkSj vkjke tc rd vki pkgrs jgsaxs] vki bZ'ojls nwj jgsaxsA
vkt rd vkidks ijekRekdh çkfIr ugha gqbZ] blosQ tM+esa
ç/ku dkj.k Hkksx vkSj vkjke gSA ijekRekdh çkfIresa fo?u gS rks
;s gh gSA lk/uesa #dkoV gS rks blhls gSA çseesa deh gS rks blhls
gSA blfy;s ;fn ijekRekdh çkfIrdh vko'drk gS rks bUgsa NksM+uk
pkfg;sA eu rks ,d gS pkgs ijekRekesa yxkvks] pkgs fo"k;ksaesaA
dchjk eu rks ,d gS ] Hkkos tgk¡ yxk; A
HkkoS gfjdh HkfDr dj] HkkoS fo"k; dek; AA
pkgs ftl çdkj gks vkidks eu ijekRekesa yxkuk pkfg;sA
eudks ijekRekesa yxkuk gh gksxkA
eu iqQjuk ls jfgr dj tkS u fo/h ls gks; A
pkgs HkfDr
dj
pkgs
;ksx
dj AA
bl le; ;ksx vkSj KkuekxZ dfBu gaAS blfy;s HkfDr djusdh

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

ckr dgh tkrh gSA bZ'ojosQ çses esa ikxy gks tkuk pkfg;sA fiQj ns[kks
etkA Hkksx vkSj ,s'o;Zeas tks vkidks vkuUn çrhr gksrk gS mlls yk[kksa
xq.kk T;knk vkuUn oSjkX;esa gSA vkSj tc vkxs c<+ tkrk gS rks lalkjls
mijfr gks tkrh gS] rc vkSj Hkh vkuUn vf/d gks tkrk gSA vkSj tc
ijekRekdk è;ku gksrk gS ml lq[kdh rks tkfr gh nwljh gSA tc
ijekRek çkIr gks tkrs gSa ml lq[kdh rks ckr gh D;k gSA ijekRekdh
çkfIr dfBu Hkh ugha gSA Hkxoku~ dgrs gSaµ
nSoh ás"kk xq.ke;h ee ek;k nqjR;;k A
ekeso ;s çi|Urs ek;kesrka rjfUr rs AA
(xhrk ÷@ûþ)

vFkkZrµ
~ D;ksfa d ;g vykSfdd vFkkZr~ vfr vn~Hkqr f=kxq.ke;h
esjh ;ksxek;k cM+h nqLrj gS] ijUrq tks iq#"k esjsdks gh fujUrj Hktrs
gSa] os bl ek;kdks mYya?ku dj tkrs gSa vFkkZr~ lalkjls rj tkrs gSaA
blfy;s gesa yk[k dke NksM+dj ogh dke djuk pkfg;s]
ftlosQ fy;s gesa euq"; 'kjhj feyk gSA lalkjesa ,slk dksbZ dke ugha
tks geus ugha fd;k] fdUrq geus ijekRekdh çkfIr vHkh rd ugha
dh] ;g dke djuk gSA euq";dk 'kjhj ikdj fo"k;ksaesa eu nsuk rks
ew[kZrk gSA
uj ruq ikb fc"k;¡ eu nsgha A iyfV lq/k rs lB fc"k ysgha AA
(jk-p-ek-m- þþ@û)

ijekRek ve`r gS] fo"k; Hkksx fo"k gSA fo"k [kkusls rks
[kkusokyk ,d ckj gh ejrk gS] fo"k; Hkksx:ih fo"kdks [kkusls
ckj&ckj tUerk ejrk gh jgrk gSA blfy;s ve`r:ih ijekRekdk
lsou djuk pkfg;sA ;gh ç/ku ckr gSA vkSj ;gk¡ls (;kuh xaxk
fdukjsls) tkdj ?kjij fuR; çfr Lukukfn djosQ lUè;k] xhrkikB
param sawa/09-7-11
37

Hkxoku~osQ fpUrudk egÙo

70

69

rFkk Hkxoku~dk è;ku djuk pkfg;sA rFkk Hkxoku~dh ekufld iwtk
djuh pkfg;sA lkdkj ;k fujkdkj dksb&Z lk Hkh è;ku djuk pkfg;sA
çkr%dky&lk;adky è;ku lfgr uke&ti djuk rFkk gjoDr Hkxoku~dks
;kn j[krs gq, gh dke djuk pkfg;sA Hktu&è;kudh [kqjkd cuk ysuh
pkfg;sA vius euesa fu'p; dj ysuk pkfg;s fd ge Hkxoku~dk
Hktu&è;ku djsxa ]s pkgs çk.k Hkys gh pys tk;¡A è;kuosQ fy;s
çkr%dky vkSj lk;adkydk le; cM+k mÙke gSA ;gk¡dk (;kuh
xaxkthosQ fdukjsdk) fp=k ;kn djysa rks gekjs fpÙkesa oSjkX; mRiUu gks
ldrk gSA Hktu&è;ku [kwc J¼k vkSj çsels djsAa euq"; çsels foày
gksdj FkksMk+ Hkh Hktu djrk gS rks Hkxoku~ çlUu gks tkrs gSAa blh
çdkj laè;k vkSj xk;=khti çse lfgr djuk pkfg;sA
yksx lUè;k xk;=khdk ti djrs gSa vkSj eu dgha ?kwerk gS]
blfy;s vkidks ijekRekdh çkfIr ugha gks jgh gSA lw;Z lk{kkr~
ijekRek gSaA ijekRekosQ n'kZuls tks gesa 'kkfUr] vkuUn gks mlh
vkuUndk vuqHko gesa lw;ZosQ n'kZuls gksA djuk oqQN ugha gS Hkko
cnyuk gSA ?kjesa ikjl iM+k gS] mls iRFkj le> j[kk gS blfy;s
Hkw[ks ejrs gSaA fdlh egkRekus og ikjl iRFkj ns[kk vkSj mlls dgk
rw lkjs lalkjdks /uh cuk ldrk gSA os egkRek ?kjesa x;s vkSj tkdj
ns[kk fd ,d iRFkj iM+k gS] iwNk ;g D;k gS\ mlus dgkµblls eSa
pVuh ck¡Vrk gw¡] ;g iRFkj gSA egkRekus dgkµge bls iRFkj ugha
ekurs] ;g rks ikjl gS] rqEgkjs ?kjesa yksgk gks rks ykvksA og ykrk
gS] egkRekus ml iRFkjdks ml yksgsls Nqok;k] rks og yksgk lksuk gks
x;kA vc D;k mlls ge pVuh ck¡Vsaxs\ brus fnu nfjærk Hkksx jgs
Fks] og ew[kZrk gh FkhA ogh ckr geeas gS] gekjs Hkhrj ijekRek gSa]
fdUrq ge mUgsa ekurs ughaA dksbZ egkRek vkdj crk ns rks dke gks

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

tk;A xhrkthesa Hkxoku~ dgrs gSaµ
loZL; pkga âfn lafufo"Vks eÙk% Le`frKkZueiksgua p A
osnSÜÓ loSZjgeso os|ks osnkUrÑ}snfonso pkge~ AA
(xhrk ûÿ@ûÿ)

vFkkZr~µ eSa gh lc çkf.k;ksaosQ ân;esa vUr;kZeh:ils fLFkr
gw¡ rFkk esjsls gh Le`fr] Kku vkSj viksgu gksrk gS vkSj lc osnksa}kjk
eSa gh tkuus;ksX; gw¡ rFkk osnkUrdk drkZ vkSj osnksadk tkuusokyk Hkh
eSa gh gw¡A
vkiosQ ân;esa Kku gS] ;g D;k gS\ ijekRekdk Lo:i gSA
gesa fu;e iwoZd cM+s vknjls Hktu&è;ku djuk pkfg;sA yk[k dke
NksM+dj gesa ;g dke djuk pkfg;sA
Hkxoku~osQ HkDr dHkh g¡lrs gSa] dHkh jksrs gSa] dHkh ukprs gSaA
Hkxoku~dh n;kdh rjiQ vkSj muosQ xq.k&çHkkodh rjiQ tc HkDrdh
n`f"V tkrh gS rc g¡lrs gSaA tc vius ikiksadh rjiQ o`fÙk pyh tkrh
gS rc jksrs gSaA vkSj os le>rs gSa& çHkks ! eSa rks cM+k ikih gw¡] D;k
esjk Hkh dY;k.k gks ldrk gS\ Hkxoku~osQ ;gk¡ rks lHkhdh gh nky
xyrh gSA Hkxoku~ osQoy çsfe;ksadk gh m¼kj djsa ;g ckr ugha] os
rks nhucU/q gSa] ifrr ikou gSaA
tks ,slk le>rk gS& Hkxoku~ U;k;dkjh gSa] n;kyq ugha gSa
mlosQ fy;s Hkxoku~ U;k;dkjh gh gSaA tks le>rk gS U;k;dkjh rks
gSa gh] n;kyq Hkh gSa mldk dke tYnh gh gks tkrk gSA gesa le>uk
pkfg;s Hkxoku~ cM+s n;kyq gSa fiQj fpUrk] Hk;] 'kksd tkrs jgrs gSaA
gesa Hkxoku~osQ ukedk dhrZu djuk pkfg;sA dHkh&dHkh Hkxoku~osQ
xq.k] çHkko] jgL;dks le>dj çiqQfYyr gksuk pkfg;sA Hkxoku~dh
n;kdk fnXn'kZu dj çlUu gksuk pkfg;s] le>uk pkfg;s gekjs mQij
param sawa/09-7-11
38

Hkxoku~osQ fpUrudk egÙo

72

71

oSQlh Hkxoku~dh n;k gS !
tkij Ñik jke dh gksbZ A rkij Ñik djbZ lc dksbZ AA
Hkxoku~ jkedh ftlij Ñik gksrh gS mlij lc Ñik djrs gSAa
gesa tks Hkh lq[k&nq%[k çkIr gks jgk gS vkSj gksrk gS mlesa
Hkxoku~dh n;k Hkjh gSA blfy;s gj le; çHkqdh n;kdk n'kZu djasA
tks oqQN ijsPNk ;k vfuPNkls gksrk gS og Hkxoku~dk gh çlkn gS]
iqjLdkj gSA tks Hkxoku~osQ çseesa eLr jgrk gS og lkjs ,s'o;Zdks
ykr ekj nsrk gSA gesa rks ;g y{; j[kuk pkfg;s fd ge ,sls cusa
fd gekjs n'kZu] Hkk"k.kls yksxksadk dY;k.k gks tk;A gesa ,slk gh
Hkko j[kuk pkfg;sA viuh vkRekdk dY;k.k D;k cM+h ckr gS !
ge rks viuk ;gh er j[ksa fd lcdk dY;k.k gksA geyksx fdruh
ckj bUæ gks x;s] fdUrq vc rd ijekRekdh çkfIr ugha gqbAZ blfy;s
lc ckrdks NksM+dj Hkxoku~dks ;kn j[kuk pkfg;sA ;g lc
lk/uksadk ewy gSA ;g ugha gks rks Hkxoku~osQ ukedh jVu gh djksA
jke uke tirs jgks] tc yfx ?kVesa çku A
dcg¡qd nhun;kyosQ] Hkud ijSxh dku AA
cl jkr&fnu nwljk dke gh D;k djuk gSA tcrd nsgesa
çk.k gSa ;gh djuk gSA
dky HktUrk vkt Hkt] vkt HktUrk vc A
iyesa çy; gks;xh] cgqfj Hktsxk dc AA
bu lc ckrksadk [;ky djosQ Hkxoku~osQ ukedh jVu yxkuh
pkfg;sA ok.khls Hkxoku~osQ ukedk ti] euls è;ku] cqf¼ls ml
ijekRekdk fu'p; djsaA tc vkidks ;g fu'p; gks tk; fd
Hkxoku~ lc txg gSa rc vkils iki ugha cusxkA tSls xouZesUVdh
;gk¡ lÙkk gS rks ge mlosQ fo#¼ oqQN cksy ugha ldrsA xouZeUs Vdh

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

rks og 'kfDr Hkh ugha gS] ij ijekRek rks loZ=k gSa vkSj loZ leFkZ
gSaA blfy;s gesa gj le; Hkxoku~dk fpUru djuk pkfg;sA loZ=k]
loZnk Hkxoku~dks ns[kuk pkfg;sA ;g lkj ckr vkidks crykbZA
O;k[;ku lqurs le; xkSjls lquuk pkfg;s vkSj ;g le>uk
pkfg;s fd viusdks O;k[;kudh ckrsa dkeesa ykuh gS_ vkSj bl
mís';ls lquuk pkfg;s fd bldk çpkj djuk gSA lqudj çpkj djs _
fiQj ns[kks fdruk ykHk gksrk gSA
?kjij tkdj jkst iqLrd i<+sA ,d vkneh i<+s vkSj lc
lqusaA 'kgjesa tks vius fe=k gksa muesa çpkj djuk pkfg;sA LowQy]
ykbczsfj;ksaesa çpkj djuk pkfg;sA ,slk djusij FkksM+s le;esa gh
vkidh mUufr gks ldrh gSA ,slk ekSdk vkidks ckj&ckj feyusdk
ughaA çFke rks euq"; 'kjhj feyusdk ugha] D;ksafd vla[; tho gSa]
Hkxoku~ mUgsa Hkh rks ekSdk nsaxsA euq";dk 'kjhj cM+k nqyZHk gS] mlesa
Hkh nqyZHk gS lRiq#"kksadk laxA mudk feyuk gh dfBu gSA fey x;s
rks igpkus ugha tk ldrsA le; tk jgk gS] ckrksa ckrksaesa gh û-ýú
?k.Vk pyk x;k] dchjnklthus dgk gSµ
dchjk ukScr vkiuh fnu nl ysgq ctkb A
, iqj iêðu , xyh cgqfj u ns[kgq vkb AA
vkt fd dkfYg fd ik¡p fnu taxy gksxk ckl A
mQifj mQifj gy fiQjS <ksj pjsaxs ?kkl AA
ejsaxs ej tk;¡xs] dksbZ u ysxk uke A
ÅtM+ tk; clk;¡xs] NksM+ clark xke AA
vki taxyesa okl djksxs] vkidks 'e'kkuesa ys tkdj yksx
tyk dj [kkd dj nsaxsA
param sawa/09-7-11
39

Hkxoku~osQ fpUrudk egÙo

74

73

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

ldrk gSA
vuU;kfÜÓUr;Urks eka ;s tuk% i;qZiklrs A
rs"kka fuR;kfHk;qDrkuka ;ksx{ksea ogkE;ge~ AA

gkM+ tyS T;¡w ykdM+h osQl tySa T;¡w ?kkl A
lc tx tyrk nsf[k dfj Hk;k dchj mnkl AA
tSls ydfM+;k¡ tyrh gSa ,sls gh rqEgkjh gfM~M;k¡ tysaxh vkSj
tSls ?kkl tyrh gS ,sls gh osQ'k tysaxsA
pyrh pkdh nsf[kosQ] fn;k dchjk jks; A
nks ikVuosQ chpesa] lkfcr jgk u dks; AA
dkydh pDdh py jgh gS lcdk uEcj yx jgk gSA
vkidk Hkh uEcj gSA le; rks chr jgk gS vc le; dgk¡ gS\
vk;qdh rjiQ ns[ks rks le;dk D;k fo'okl gS\ vc owQp uxkjk
ctrk gS] pyusdh fiQdj djks ckck ! ftl çdkj vc ;gk¡ ls xk¡o
pyusdh rS;kjh dj jgs gSa] mlh çdkj ogk¡dh Hkh rS;kjh j[kuh
pkfg;sA fVdV dVkdj rS;kj jguk pkfg;sA fVdV dVkdj rS;kj
jguk D;k gS\ Hkxoku~dks çkIr dj ysukA
,slk ewY;oku euq"; 'kjhj nsdj Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa& eq>s
HktksA yk[k #i;k [kpZ djusij Hkh ,d feuV vkSj ugha th ldrs
gSaA vkiosQ yk[k dke iM+s gSa] iM+s gh jg tk;saxsA teosQ nwr vkosaxs
rks os #osaQxs ughaA flikgh yksx okjUV ysdj vkrs gSa] os ?kwl ysdj
le; ns ldrs gSa fdUrq ogk¡ ?kwl ugha pyrhA tc ,slh ifjfLFkfr
gS rc gesa lko/ku jguk pkfg;sA bl ?kksj dfydkyesa Hkxoku~dh
HkfDrosQ leku dksbZ mik; ughaA Hkxoku~dh HkfDresa] Hkxoku~dh
Le`frosQ leku dksbZ mik; ugha gSA blfy;s Hkxoku~dks dHkh u
HkqykosaA gjoDr le>sa Hkxoku~ gekjs lkFk gSaA ;k fujkdkj :ils lc
txg gSAa tjs&Z tjseZ as gSa vkSj os çsels çdV gksrs gSAa çsedk ljy mik;
;gh gS ijekRekosQ ukedk ti] Lo:idk è;ku vkSj vPNs iq#"kksadk
lax] rhuksa gh gksa rc rks ckr gh D;k gSA ,d&,dls Hkh dke gks

(xhrk ù@üü)

vFkkZr~µ tks vuU;Hkkols esjsesa fLFkr gq, HkDrtu eq>
ijes'ojdks fujUrj fpUru djrs gq,] fu"dke Hkkols Hktrs gSa] mu
fuR; ,dhHkkols esjsesa fLFkfrokys iq#"kksadk ;ksx{kse eSa Lo;e~ çkIr
dj nsrk g¡wA
rs " kkega leq ¼ rkZ e` R ;q l a l kjlkxjkr~ A
Hkokfe ufpjkRikFkZ eÕ;kosf'krpsrlke~ AA
(xhrk ûü@÷)

vFkkZr~µ gs vtqZu ! mu esjsesa fpÙkdks yxkusokys çseh
HkDrksadk eSa 'kh?kz gh e`R;q:i lalkj leqæls m¼kj djusokyk gksrk
gwA¡
eÕ;so eu vk/RLo ef; cqf¼a fuos'k; A
fuofl";fl eÕ;so vr mQèoZa u la'k;% AA
(xhrk ûü@ø)

vFkkZr~µ blfy;s gs vtqZu ! rw esjsesa eudks yxk vkSj esjsesa
gh cqf¼dks yxk] blosQ mijkUr rw esjsesa gh fuokl djsxk] vFkkZr~
esjsdks gh çkIr gksxk] blesa oqQN Hkh la'k; ugha gSA
gesa le> ysuk pkfg;s Hkxoku~us vtqZudks fufeÙk cukdj
ge lcosQ fy;s xhrkthdk mins'k fn;k gSA xhrkthdk ;g lkj gS
lcls gsrq jfgr çse djukA rqylhnklth dgrs gSaµgsrq jfgr çse
djusokys nks gh gSa ,d Hkxoku~_ nwljs Hkxoku~osQ I;kjs çseh HkDrA
LokjFk ehr ldy tx ekgha A liusg¡q çHkq ijekjFk ukgha AA
(jk-p-ek-mÙkj þ÷@ý)
param sawa/09-7-11
40

Hkxoku~osQ fpUrudk egÙo

75

76

vFkZµ txr~esa ¹'ks"kº lHkh LokFkZosQ fe=k gSaA gs çHkks ! muesa
LoIuesa Hkh ijekFkZdk Hkko ugha gSA
lqj uj eqfu lc oSQ ;g jhrh A LokjFk ykfx djfga lc çhrh AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

mikluk djrs gSa] vFkkZr~ mu iq#"kksaosQ dgusosQ vuqlkj gh J¼klfgr
rRij gq, lk/u djrs gSa vkSj os lquusosQ ijk;.k gq, iq#"k Hkh
e`R;q:i lalkjlkxjdks fu%lUnsg rj tkrs gSaA
Kku;ksx] è;ku;ksx] deZ;ksxls rks dY;k.k gksrk gh gS] fdUrq
ftlesa foosd ugha gS ,slk iq#"k Hkh tks tkuusokys iq#"k gSa muosQ
ikl tkdj lqurk gS vkSj lqudj ;Fkk;ksX; vkpj.k djrk gS] mldk
Hkh dY;k.k gks tkrk gSA blh çdkj osQoy Hkxoku~osQ uketils Hkh
dY;k.k gks tkrk gSA vkSj oSQlk Hkh dksbZ ikih gks mldk lRlaxls rks
dY;k.k gks gh tkrk gSA rqylhnklth dgrs gSaµ
rkr LoxZ vicxZ lq[k /fjv rqyk ,d vax A
rwy u rkfg ldy fefy tks lq[k yo lRlax AA

(jk-p-ek-fdf"dU/kdk.M ûü@û)

vFkZµ nsork] euq"; vkSj eqfu lcdh ;g jhfr gS fd
LokFkZosQ fy;s gh lc çhfr djrs gSaA
gsrq jfgr tx tqx midkjh A rqEg rqEgkj lsod vlqjkjh AA
(jk-p-ek-mÙkj þ÷@ý)

vFkZµ gs vlqjksaosQ 'k=kq ! txr~esa fcuk gsrqosQ (fu%LokFkZ)
midkj djusokys rks nks gh gSaµ,d vki] nwljs vkiosQ lsodA
;g lc lkspdj gesa lcosQ lkFk LokFkZ R;kxdj çse djuk
pkfg;sA fiQj vki ned mBsaxsA ftl çdkj ifrozrk L=kh ifrdh
lsok djosQ Hkxoku~dks çkIr gks tkrh gS] blh çdkj ge
turk&tuknZudh lsok djosQ ijekRekdks çkIr gks tk;saxsA
oSQlk gh dksbZ ew[kZ&ls&ew[kZ gks] ikih&ls&ikih gks mldks Hkh
ijekRekdh çkfIr gks ldrh gSA ;fn gesa xhrkth ij fo'okl gS]
egkRekvksa ij fo'okl gS rks gj le; Hkxoku~dk fpUru djuk
pkfg;sA oSQlk gh dksbZ ikih gS vkt gh mldk dY;k.k gks ldrk
gSA cl ,d gh ckr gS vktls tc rd og jgs rc rd Hkxoku~dks
;kn j[ksA
osQoy lRlaxls dY;k.k gks ldrk gSA blosQ fy;s Hkxoku~
xhrkthesa dgrs gSaµ
vU;s RosoetkuUr% JqRokU;sH; miklrs A
rs¿fi pkfrrjUR;so e`R;qa Jqfrijk;.kk% AA

(jk-p-ek-lqUnjdk.M&þ)

vFkZµ gs rkr ! LoxZ vkSj eks{kosQ lc lq[kksadks rjktwosQ ,d
iyM+sesa j[kk tk;] rks Hkh os lc feydj ¹nwljs iyM+sij j[ks gq,º
ml lq[kosQ cjkcj ugha gks ldrs] tks yo ({k.k) ek=kosQ lRlaxls
gksrk gSA
vkSj D;k dgrs gSa rqylhnklthµ
fcuq lrlax u gfj dFkk rsfg fcuq eksg u Hkkx A
eks g x,¡ fcuq jke in gks b u n` < + vuq j kx AA
(jk-p-ek-mÙkjdk.M&öû)

vFkZµ lRlaxosQ fcuk gfjdh dFkk lquussdks ugha feyrh]
mlosQ fcuk eksg ugha Hkkxrk vkSj eksgosQ x;s fcuk JhjkepUæthosQ
pj.kksaesa n`<+ (vpy) çse ugha gksrkA
lc çdkjls ;gh ckr fl¼ gksrh gS fd lRlax djuk
pkfg;sA rqylhnklth vkSj Hkh dgrs gSaµ
iqU; iqat fcuq feyfga u lark A lrlaxfr lal`fr dj vark AA

(xhrk ûý@üÿ)

vFkkZr~µ tks eUncqf¼okys iq#"k gSa os Lo;a bl çdkj u
tkurs gq,] nwljksals vFkkZr~ rÙoosQ tkuusokys iq#"kksals lqudj gh
param sawa/09-7-11
41

(jk-p-ek-mÙkjdk.M&þÿ@ý)

Hkxoku~osQ fpUrudk egÙo

77

vFkZµ vkSj iq.;lewgosQ fcuk lar ugha feyrsA lRlaxfr gh
lal`fr (tUe&ej.kosQ pØ) dk vUr djrh gSA
blh çdkjls ukedh efgek gSA ukedk rks ,slk çHkko gS
fd mlls ikih&ls&ikih Hkh rj tkrs gSaA
virq vtkfeyq xtq xfudkmQ A Hk, eqoqQr gfj uke çHkkmQ AA

78
AA Jhgfj% AA

lalkjls oSjkX; vkSj Hkxoku~esa çseosQ
fo"k;esa
(çopu ua- 19)

(jk-p-ek-ckydk.M&üö@þ)

vFkZµ uhp vtkfey] xt vkSj xf.kdk (os';k) Hkh
JhgfjosQ ukeosQ çHkkols eqDr gks x;sA
Hkxoku~osQ ukedk çHkko ns[kks] oSQlk vn~Hkqr çHkko gSA ,slk
uke jgrs gq, gesa nq%[k:i 'kjhjesa fiQj vkuk iM+s ;g cM+h
yTtkdh ckr gSA ukedh oSQlh efgek xkbZ gSA rqylhnklth dgrs
gSµ
a
dgkSa dgk¡ yfx uke cM+kbZ A jkeq u ldfga uke xqu xkbZ AA
(jk-p-ek-ckydk.M&üö@þ)

vFkZµ eSa ukedh cM+kbZ dgk¡rd dg¡w] (Lo;a) jke Hkh
ukeosQ xq.kksadks ugha xk ldrsA
rqylhnklthus rks ;gk¡ rd dg fn;k uke&jkels Hkh c<+dj gSA
jke ,d rkil fr; rkjh A uke dksfV [ky oqQefr lq/kjh AA
(jk-p-ek-ckydk.M&üþ@ü)

vFkZµ Jhjkethus ,d riLohdh L=kh (vfgY;k) dks gh
rkjk] ijUrq ukeus djksM+ksa nq"Vksadh fcxM+h cqf¼dks lq/kj fn;kA
Hkxoku~osQ Hktuls gh dY;k.k gks tkrk gSA fiQj Hkxoku~dk
è;ku Hkh lkFkesa jgs rks ckr gh D;k gS ! vkSj lRlax feyrk jgs rks
Hktu&è;ku rsthosQ lkFk gksrs gSaA blfy;s gesa dfVc¼ gksdj
lk/u rsthosQ lkFk djuk pkfg;sA
(;g ys[k isM ua- 73 i`"B la[;k 87&95 ls fy;k x;k gSA)

oVo`{kosQ uhps
fnukad 17&05&1945
çkr%dky 7-30 cts

oSjkX; ;gk¡ij LokHkkfod gS ghA ;gk¡ij oSjkX;oku~ iq#"kosQ
}kjk oSjkX;dh ckr dgh tkos rks T;knk iQk;nk gSA gesa rks Hkxoku~
vkSj egkRekosQ opuksadk vuqokn djuk gSA HkxoRçsedk fo"k; rks
cM+k xaHkhj gS] çse dgk¡ls ykosa\ dgha fcdrk gks rks ys vkosa\
çse u ckM+h uhits] çse u gkV fcdk; A
çsedk rÙo ,d uEcjij Hkxoku~ tkurs gSaA nwljs uEcjij
Hkxoku~osQ tks çseh gSa os tkurs gSa fdUrq og Hkh dg ugha ldrsA ;g
fo"k; ^ewdkLoknuor~* gS] çse ,slh pht gSA lalkjls oSjkX; vkSj
Hkxoku~ls çse] ckr cM+h vPNh gSA orZekuesa gekjk lalkjls çse gS
vkSj Hkxoku~ls oSjkX; gSµckr fcyoqQy mYVh gSA D;k djuk pkfg;s\
lc ckr myV nsuh pkfg;sA lalkjls oSjkX; gksusls mijkerk vki gh
gks tkrh gSA Hkxoku~esa çse gksusls Hkxoku~dk è;ku vkigh gks tkrk
gSA ;gk¡ij oSjkX; vkigh gksuk pkfg;sA ;gk¡dk n`';µou] igkM+
vkSj xaxkth ;s rhuksa gh nh[krs gSaA ;g LFkku ifo=k gS rFkk ;gk¡
,dkUr Hkh gSA è;kuosQ fy;s ;g mi;ksxh LFkku gSA ;gk¡ij HkfDr]
Kku vkSj oSjkX;dh ekuks o"kkZ gks jgh gSA è;kukoLFkkesa ;fn çk.k
tkosa rks csM+k ikj gSA dksbZ Hkh e`R;qdk volj çkIr gks tkos rks
ijekREkkosQ è;kuesa eLr gks tkos fiQj pkgs çk.k pys tkosaA vkSj ;fn

lalkjls oSjkX; vkSj Hkxoku~esa---

79

80

ml oDr gk;&rkSck epkus yx tkos rks ujdesa tkosA
vUrdkys p ekes o LejUeq D Rok dys o je~ A
bl 'yksdosQ rkRi;Zdks [kwc ;kn dj ysA oSQlk gh uhp]
ikih] ukfLrd D;ksa u gks mldk m¼kj gks tkrk gSA fgpdh] Mdkj]
Nhad ;k dksbZ Hkh [kVosQdh ckr gks rks Hkxoku~dks ;kn dj ysa
(;kuh ml oDr Hkxoku~dk uke ysysa ;k Lej.k djsa)A vkSj gjoDr
e`R;qdh çrh{kk djrk jgsA ekoZQ.Ms; eqfu f'kothdh mikluk djrs
FksA ;e ik'k ysdj vk;s rks ekoZQ.Ms;thus >V f'kofyaxdks idM+
fy;kA ;ejkt viuk eqg¡ ysdj okil pyk x;kA vius rks ^gkjs dk
gfjuke* tc grk'k gks tkosa rks Hkxoku~dk vkJ; ysuk pkfg;sA
ækSinhus phj gj.kosQ le; Hkxoku~dks ;kn fd;k] rks Hkxoku~us j{kk
dhA vius rks gjoDr Hkxoku~dks ;kn j[ksaA Hkxoku~dk Hkh fu;e gS
tks Hkxoku~dks gjoDr ;kn j[krk gS rks Hkxoku~ mldks gjoDr ;kn
j[krs gSaA vius rks ;g gksM+ djsa ('krZ yxkosa) fd dkSu gkjrk gSA
gjoDr Hkxoku~dks ;kn j[ksa] vH;kl djsa mlls oSjkX; c<+ tkosxk
vkSj oSjkX; c<+ x;k rks vH;kl vki gh c<+sxkA Hkxoku~osQ ukedk
ti djuk cgqr ljy dke gSA vH;kl djuk vkiosQ gkFkdh ckr
gSA thHkls ukedk ti djsAa 'okl gjoDr pyrk jgrk gS mlosQ }kjk
uke&ti djsaA 'okl e`R;qosQ le; rd pyrk jgrk gS rks e`R;qosQ
le; ukedk Lej.k gks gh tkrk gSA 'oklosQ }kjk ukedk ti djsa
;g lcls lqxe mik; gSA ftl oDr oSjkX; gks mlosQ lkFk&lkFk
mijfr vki gh gks tkrh gSA lalkjls eudks gVkuk mijfr gSA
Hkxoku~us dgkµ ^^vlÄõ'kL=ks.k n`<su fNÙok** lalkj o`{kdh
ewy (tM+sa) n`<+ gSa rks 'kL=k Hkh n`<+ gksuk pkfg;sA lalkjdks dkVuk
D;k gS\ lalkjdks HkqykukA Hkqykuk D;k\ lalkjls mijke gksukA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

ije&mijfr gks tkos rks ije&'kkfUr gks tkrh gSA è;kukoLFkkesa
ije&'kkfUr igyh lh<+h gSA ç'kkUrkRek foxrHkhcZzãpkfjozrs
fLFkr% (xhrk ö@ûþ) A
lea dk;f'kjksxzhoa------ (xhrk ö@ûý) vFkkZr~µ dk;k]
f'kj vkSj xzhokdks leku vkSj vpy /kj.k fd;s gq, n`<+ gksdj] ,sls
LFkkuij cSBs rks è;ku vki gh yxrk gSA lalkjdk fpUru djrs gq,
ejksxs rks lalkjesa fiQj tUe ysuk iM+xs kA tM+&Hkjresa cM+s mPpdksfVdk
lk/u Fkk fdUrq vUrdkyesa fgj.kdh Le`fr gks xbZ] rks fgj.k cuuk
iM+kA e`R;q vpkud vk tkrh gS] bl ckrdks ;kn j[krs gq,
Hkxoku~dks gjoDr ;kn j[ksaA oSjkX;dk u'kk vykSfdd gS] ;g
eknd u'ksdh Hkk¡fr ugha gSA ;g rks vkidks tc çkIr gksxk rc
vuqHko gksxkA u'kk djs rks oSjkX;dk djsa] ;g lkfÙod gS blls
mijfr gksrh gS vkSj blls ijekRekdk è;ku vki gh gksrk gSA
(;g ys[k isM ua- 5 i`"B la[;k 81 ls 84 rd ls fy;k x;k gS)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

param sawa/09-7-11
43

82

81

Hkxoku~dk Lej.k djusokyk cgqr gh mÙke gSA D;ksafd ftlus nkukfn
fd;k gS og muosQ iq.; {kh.k gksusij fiQj lalkjessa vkrk gSA ;g
xhrkthesa vk;k gSµ
=kSfo|k eka lkseik% iwrikik ;KSfj"V~ok LoxZfra çkFkZ;Urs A
rs iq.;eklk| lqjsUæyksde'ufUr fnO;kfUnfo nsoHkksxku~ AA

AA Jhgfj% AA

,d ckj Hkxoku~dks ç.kke djuk nl
v'oes?k ;Kls c<+dj gS
(çopu ua- 20)

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

çFke oS'kk[k 'kq- 6 laor~ 1981
lu~&1924 nksigj

(xhrk ù@üú)

vFkkZr~& tks rhuksa osnksaesa fo/ku fd;s gq, ldke deksZadks
djusokys vkSj lksejldks ihusokys ,oa ikiksals ifo=k gq, iq#"k esjsdks
;KksaosQ }kjk iwtdj LoxZdh çkfIr pkgrs gSa] os iq#"k vius iq.;ksaosQ
iQy:i bUæyksddks çkIr gksdj LoxZesa fnO; nsorkvksaosQ Hkksxksadks
Hkksxrs gSaA
rs ra HkqDRok LoxZyksoQa fo'kkya {kh.ks iq.;s eR;ZyksoQa fo'kfUr A
,oa =k;h/eZeuqçiÂk
xrkxra dkedkek yHkUrs AA

lalkjosQ ,s'k&vkjke fxjkusokys gSa] lcls c<+dj mÙke dk;Z
djuk pkfg;sA dfy;qxesa lcls mÙke dk;Z Hktu ekuk x;k gSA ;fn
og fu"dkeHkkols fd;k tkos rks cgqr mÙke gSA
tcfga uke fgjns /jÔks] Hk;ks ikidks ukl A
ekukS fpuxh vkx dh] ijh iqjkuh ?kkl AA
dfytqx le tqx vku ufga tkSa uj dj fcLokl A
xkb jke xqu xu fcey Hko rj fcufga ç;kl AA

(xhrk ù@üû)

vFkkZr~µ vkSj os ml fo'kky LoxZyksddks Hkksxdj] iq.;
{kh.k gksusij] e`R;qyksddks çkIr gksrs gSa] bl çdkj LoxZosQ
lk/u:i rhuksa osnksea as dgs gq, ldke deZoQs 'kj.k gq, vkSj Hkksxksd
a h
dkeukokys iq#"k ckjackj tkus&vkusdks çkIr gksrs gSa vFkkZr~ iq.;osQ
çHkkols LoxZesa tkrs gSa vkSj iq.; {kh.k gksusls e`R;qyksdesa vkrs gSaA
çsels vUrle;esa ;kuh çk.k tkusosQ le; tks ,d ckj
Hkxoku~dks ç.kke dj ysrk gS og eqDr gks tkrk gSA ,slk nl
v'oes?k ;Kls Hkh ugha gksrkA ,d ckj Hkxoku~ JhÑ".kdks ç.kke
djuk nl ;K djusokysls c<+dj gSA og ;K djusokyk rks okil
vkrk gS] ij Hkxoku~dks ueLdkj djusokyk ugha ykSVrkA
tUe tUe eqfu truq djkgha A var jke dfg vkor ukgha AA
tklq uke cy ladj dklh A nsr lcfg le xfr vfcuklh AA

(jk-p-ek-mÙkjdk.M&ûúý)

vFkZµ ;fn euq"; fo'okl djs] rks dfy;qxosQ leku nwljk
;qx ugha gSA ¹D;ksfa dº bl ;qxesa JhjkethosQ fueZy xq.klewgksd
a ks
xk&xkdj euq"; fcuk gh ifjJe lalkj ¹:ih leqæº ls rj tkrk gSA
blfy;s gj le; Hkxoku~dk Hktu gh djuk pkfg;sA
dfy;qx osQoy uke v/kjk A lqfefj lqfefj uj mrjfga ikjk AA
ukeosQ tils ukeh ;kn vkrk gS vkSj ukehdh Le`frls dke
curk gSA Hkxoku~us dgkµvUrdkys p ekeso ,d {k.kesa ;kuh
vUresa Lej.k djusls dY;k.k gks tkrk gSA rks fiQj ,d ukels
dY;k.k gks tkos rks ckr gh D;k gS! ,d iq#"k viuh iwjh
lEifÙkdks ;K] nkukfn esa [kpZ djosQ lekIr dj pqdk vkSj nwljsus
vUrdkyesa Hkxoku~dk Lej.k fd;k gS rks mlls og vUrdkyesa

(jk-p-ek-fdf"dU/kdk.M û0@ü)
param sawa/09-7-11
44

osQ fpUrudk
,d Hkxoku~
ckj Hkxoku~
dks ç.kkeegÙo
djuk-----

83

84

vFkZµ eqfux.k tUe&tUeesa (çR;sd tUeesa) ¹vusdksa
çdkjdkº lk/u djrs jgrs gSaA fiQj Hkh vUrdkyesa mUgsa ^jke* ugha
dg vkrk (muosQ eq[kls jke uke ugha fudyrk)A ftuosQ ukeosQ
cyls 'kadjth dk'khesa lcdks leku:ils vfoukf'kuh xfr (eqfDr)
nsrs gSaA
ee ykspu xkspj lksb vkok A cgqfj fd çHkq vl cfufg cukok AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

ugha] tks çHkqosQ ukedk gSA Hkxoku~ xhrkthesa dgrs gSa] tks eq>dks
tku ysrk gS og fiQj loZ çdkjls eq>s gh Hktrk gSA
;ks ekes o elEew < ks tkukfr iq # "kks Ù kee~ A
l loZfon~Hktfr eka loZHkkosu HkkjrAA
(xhrk ûÿ@ûù)

vFkkZr~µ gs Hkkjr ! bl çdkj rÙols tks Kkuh iq#"k esjsdks
iq#"kksÙke tkurk gS] og loZK iq#"k lc çdkjls fujUrj eq> oklqnos
ijes ÜÒjdks gh Hktrk gSA
tks ;g dgrk gS fd fdruk Hktu djusls Hkxoku~ feyrs
gSa] ,slk dgusokyk rks HkDr ughaA HkDr rks ;gh dgrk gS fd eSa rks
jkr&fnu Hktu gh djrk jgw¡A tks Hktuls NqV~Vh pkgrk gS mls
Hkxoku~ls NqV~Vh ugha feyrh] tks çHkqdks fnyesa clkuk pkgrk gS
mlij Hkxoku~dh Ñik gksrh gSA gs çHkks ! gekjk vkiesa vuU; çse
gks] çse ugha rks vkidk fpUru gh gksA vr% gedks pyrs fiQjrs
çHkqdk fpUru djuk pkfg;sA Hkxoku~osQ Lej.kosQ fy;s uke lgk;d
gS] vr% de&ls&de üûöúú 'oklls gh ekykosQ fglkcls uke&ti
djuk pkfg;s (;kuh ge fnu Hkjesa üûöúú 'okl ysrs gSaA)A bl
fglkcls ûþ ekyk gh de&ls&de (gjs jke gjs jke jke jke gjs
gjsµgjs Ñ".k gjs Ñ".k Ñ".k Ñ".k gjs gjs) isQjsA rks blosQ fy;s
fopkj djuk pkfg;s vkSj vktls gh ekyk isQjuh pkyw dj nsuh
pkfg;sA bl Hkwfeesa tks lk/u&Hktu djrk gS mldk egku~ iQy
gksrk gSA ;gk¡ nku ik=kosQ vuqlkj nqf[k;ksadks] vukFkksadks nsuk pkfg;s]
;Kksea as lcls c<+dj ti;K gS] blfy;s ti djuk pkfg;sA egkRekvksd
a k
lRdkj] 'kkL=kdk vè;;u] jkr&fnu mÙke dk;Z djrs jguk pkfg;sA
iwoZesa ;gk¡ yksx vk;k djrs rks osQoy mÙke dk;Z gh djrs FksA tks
le; pyk x;k og rks pyk x;k] vc rks Hkfo";dk le;

(jk-p-ek-fdf"dU/kdk.M û0@ý)

vFkZµ og Jhjketh Lo;a esjs us=kksaosQ lkeus vk x;s gSaA gs
çHkks ! ,slk la;ksx D;k fiQj dHkh cu iM+sxk\
ckyh dgrk gS eqfu yksx vusd çdkjosQ ;K nkukfn djrs
gSa ij vkRekdk m¼kj ugha gksrkA vUresa jke dgdj tks tkrs gSa os
fiQj ykSVrs ughaA equh yksx vusd çdkjosQ ;Ru djrs gSaA fcuk
HkfDrosQ fd;k gqvk deZ okil vkusokyk gksrk gSA ,slk dkSu ew[kZ
gksxk tks bl ekSosQdks [kksosxk\ ckyhus ;gh dgk egkjkt vkiosQ
n'kZuosQ ckn Hkh eSa D;k ikih jgk \
lqugq jke Lokeh lu py u pkrqjh eksfj A
çHkq vtgw¡ eSa ikih vardky xfr rksfj AA
(jk-p-ek-fdf"dU/kdk.Mµù)

vFkZµ ¹ckfyus dgkµº gs jketh ! lqfu;s] Lokeh (vki)
ls esjh prqjkbZ ugha py ldrhA gs çHkks ! vUrdkyesa vkidh xfr
('kj.k) ikdj eSa vc Hkh ikih gh jgk D;k\
vkidk è;ku djrk gqvk iq#"k Hkh okil ugha vkrk fiQj eSa
rks vkidk n'kZu djrk gw¡A
,d Hkxoku~osQ ukedk f=kyksdhosQ jkT;osQ fy;s Hkh cnyk
ugha djuk pkfg;sA f=kyksdhdk jkT; mlosQ lkeus rqPN gSA og Hkh
ew<+ gS tks mlosQ cnys f=kyksdhdk jkT; ysrk gSA mldk ewY; oqQN
param sawa/09-7-11
45

,d ckj Hkxoku~dks ç.kke djuk-----

85

vkuUne; cuk ysuk pkfg;sA geyksx euq"; gSa ;g ckr le> x;s
fiQj Hkh ;fn dke ugha gksosxk ;kuh HkxoRçkfIr ugha gksosxh rks
iNrkuk iM+sxkA rqylhnklth dgrs gSa&
Lkks ij=k nq[k ikob flj /qfu /qfu ifNrkb A
dkyfg deZfg bZLojfg feF;k nks"k yxkb AA
(jk-p-ek-mÙkjdk.M&þý)

86
AA Jhgfj% AA

Hkxoku~ [kqn vkdj ys tkrs gSa
(çopu ua- 21)

LoxkZJe] çkr%dky
T;s"B 'kq- 5 laor~ 2002

vFkZµ og ijyksdesa nq%[k ikrk gS] flj ihV&ihVdj iNrkrk
gS rFkk ¹viuk nks"k u le>djº dkyij] deZij vkSj bZ'ojij
feF;k nks"k yxkrk gSA
tks vius le;dks O;FkZ fcrkosxk mls fiQj /qu&/qu iNrkuk
iM+sxkA
tks u rjS Hko lkxj uj lekt vl ikb A
lks Ñr fuand eanefr vkRekgu xfr tkb AA

jkrdks cgqr nkeh ckrsa gqbZ FkhA euq"; ;g dj ys fdµ
^^ejusosQ le; dY;k.k gks gh tk;sxk** ;g vk/kj dPpk gSA og
tks vk/kj gS mls vc dkeesa ykvks ;kuh gj le; Hkxoku~dk
Lej.k djks A
vUrdkyesa Hkxoku~dk Lej.k djrk gqvk ejs] rks dY;k.k
gks tkrk gS] ;g ckr Bhd gSµ
vUrdkys p ekeso LejUeqDRok dysoje~ A
;% ç;kfr l en~Hkkoa ;kfr ukLR;=k la'k;% AA

(jk-p-ek-mÙkjdk.M&þþ)

(xhrk ø@ÿ)

vFkZµ tks euq"; ,sls lk/u ikdj Hkh Hkolkxjls u rjs]
og Ñr?u vkSj eUncqf¼ gS vkSj vkRegR;k djusokysdh xfrdks
çkIr gksrk gSA
equ";dk 'kjhj vkSj ,slh rhFkZ Hkwfe] mlesa Hkh Hkxor~ ppkZ
,slk ekSdk yxusij Hkh ;fn dY;k.k ugha djsxk rks] og fuUnkdk
ik=k] eUncqf¼] vkRe&gR;kjk gSA ;g lc [;ky djosQ vius
le;dks ,d {k.k Hkh O;FkZ ugha fcrkuk pkfg;sA lcls mÙke le;
;gh gS fd Hkxoku~dks gj le; ;kn j[kukA

vFkkZr~µ tks iq#"k vUrdkyesa esjsdks gh Lej.k djrk gqvk
'kjhjdks R;kx dj tkrk gS] og esjs lk{kkr~ Lo:idks çkIr gksrk gS]
blesa oqQN Hkh la'k; ugha gSA
fdUrq vUrdkyesa vkidks Hkxoku~dh Le`fr gksxh gh] blosQ
okLrs vkiosQ ikl D;k çek.k gS\ J¼kdh deh ugha gks] rks ;qfDr
vkSj 'kkL=k fdlh çek.kdh t#jr ugha gSA Hkxoku~us Hkh xhrkthesa
'kkL=kdk çek.k fn;kµ
½f"kfHkcZgq/k xhra NUnksfHkfoZfo/S% i`Fkd~ A
czãlw=kinSÜÓSo
gsrqen~fHkfoZfufÜÓrS% AA

(;g ys[k isM ua- 32] i`"B la[;k 5]6]7 ls fy;k x;k gS)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

(xhrk ûý@þ)

vFkkZr~µ ;g {ks=k vkSj {ks=kKdk rÙo] ½f"k;ksa}kjk cgqr
çdkjls dgk x;k gS vFkkZr~ le>k;k x;k gS vkSj ukuk çdkjosQ
osneU=kksals] foHkkxiwod
Z dgk x;k gS rFkk vPNh çdkj fu'p; fd;s

Hkxoku~ [kqn vkdj ys tkrs gSa

87

88

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

gq, ;qfDr;qDr czãlw=kosQ inksa}kjk Hkh oSls gh dgk x;k gSA
Hkxoku~us Jqfr] Le`frdk çek.k nsdj vtqZudks fo'okl
fnyk;kA ;g ckr rks lgh gS fdµvUrdkyesa Hkxoku~dh Le`fr gks
tk; rks] dY;k.k gSA dksbZ ,d ckrdk euq";osQ gkFkesa tksj jguk
pkfg;sA vUrdkyesa ,d rks iqfj;ksa (lIriqjh;ksaosQ ukeµv;ksè;k]
eFkqjk] ek;kiqjh] dk'kh] dk¡ph] vofUrdk] }kjdkiqjh)&dh
ç/kurk gSA ogk¡ okl gks] rks eqfDr gksA ;g LFkkudh efgek gSA
blij fuHkZj gksa] rks ;g ,d jkLrk gSA
blh çdkj ijekRekosQ ukedk ti vkSj Lo:idk è;ku gSµ
;g Hkh cM+h tksj dh ckr gSA ogh euq"; dg ldrk gS fdµ^^esjs
dY;k.kesa lUnsg ugha gS** ftlosQ fujUrj Hktu gksrk gS] D;ksafd
Hkxoku~ dgrs gSaµ
vuU;psrk% lrra ;ks eka Lejfr fuR;'k%A
rL;kga lqyHk% ikFkZ fuR;;qÙkQL; ;ksfxu%AA

;ksxdk] rhFkZdk ;k Hkxoku~dh Le`frdk tksj gksuk pkfg;sA
Le`frdk tSls tksj gS] ,sls gh ukedh Le`frdk tksj gks] og Hkh mÙke
gSA ;fn ukedh ekufld Le`fr gks] D;ksafdµ
;a ;a okfi LejUHkkoa R;tR;Urs dysoje~ A
ra resoSfr dkSUrs; lnk rn~HkkoHkkfor% AA

(xhrk ø@ûþ)

(xhrk ÷@ýú)

vFkkZrµ
~ gs vtquZ ! tks iq#"k esjes as vuU;fpÙkls fLFkr gqvk]
lnk gh fujUrj esjd
s ks Lej.k djrk gS] ml fujUrj esjes as ;qDr gq,
;ksxhosQ fy;s eSa lqyHk gw¡ vFkkZr~ lgt gh çkIr gks tkrk g¡Aw
tks ,slk lk/u djrk gS] mldks rks vUrdkyesa ugha]
Hkxoku~ igys gh fey tkrs gSAa fujUrj ijekRekdk Lej.k djukµ;g
iq[rk uhao gSA dY;k.k djusokys (Hkxoku~) igys gh vk tkrs gaS]
vUrdkydh t:jr gh ughaA
fdlh çdkjdk tksj gksuk pkfg;sA nwljk rhFkZ&LFkkudk okl
gSA dksbZ vkneh o`teas vkSj dksbZ dk'khesa jgrs gSaA mudk fu'p; gS
fdµ^^ge rks ;gk¡ gh ejsxa ]s ;gk¡ls NksMd
+ j dgha tk;sxa s gh ugha**µ;g
,d çdkjdh rhFkZdh 'kj.k gSA og iDdk gSA
,d ;ksxdh 'kj.k gSµtSls lekf/ yxkuk vk tk;A tc e`R;q
vkos rks lekf/ yxkdj cSB tk,A ;ksxhosQ ikl ;ksxdk tksj gSA

vFkkZr~µ tks iq#"k vf/Hkwr vkSj vf/nSoosQ lfgr rFkk
vf/;KosQ lfgr lcdk vkRe:i esjsdks tkurs gSa vFkkZr~ tSls
HkkiQ] ckny] /we] ikuh vkSj ciZQ ;g lHkh ty:i gSa oSls gh vf/
Hkwr] vf/nSo vkSj vf/;K vkfn lc oqQN oklqnsoLo:i gSa] ,sls
tks tkurs gSa] os ;qDr fpÙkokys iq#"k vUrdkyesa Hkh eq>dks gh
tkurs gSa] vFkkZr~ eq>dks gh çkIr gksrs gSaA
;fn vHksnKkudk Kku gks] ml lfPpnkuUn?ku czãesa cqf¼dks
ços'k djk nsA mldh cqf¼esa ml ijekRekdk rÙo le>esa vk tk;]
rks og gV ugha ldrk gSA og lk/ukoLFkk gS] fdUrq fdlh le;
Hkh og ejs] mldk dY;k.k gh gSA mldh cqf¼ ræwi gks xbZ gSA
;g Hkh ugha gksdj ;fn lfPpnkuUn?ku ijekRek ftudh
cqf¼esa vPNh çdkj lek x;s gSa] cqf¼dh lÙkk ekStwn gS] ijekRekdk
Kku cqf¼esa gks x;k gS] ;g çkfIr gksusosQ igysdh ckr gS] tks ckr

(xhrk ø@ö)

vFkkZr~µ gs oqQUrhiq=k vtqZu ! ;g euq"; vUrdkyesa
ftl&ftl Hkh Hkkodks Lej.k djrk gqvk 'kjhjdks R;kxrk gS] ml
mldks gh çkIr gksrk gS] D;ksafd lnk ftl Hkkodk fpUru djrk gS]
vUrdkyesa Hkh çk;% mlhdk Lej.k gksrk gSA
tks Hkxoku~osQ uke ;k Lo:idks ;kn djrk gS] vUrdkyesa
mldks Le`fr gksxh gh D;ksafdµ
lkf/Hkwrkf/nSoa eka lkf/;Ka p ;s fonq% A
ç;k.kdkys¿fi p eka rs fonq;qZÙkQpsrl% AA

param sawa/09-7-11
47

Hkxoku~ [kqn vkdj ys tkrs gSa

90

89

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

;g lRlax dkSu&lk gS\µ bldk Hkkxor~esa çdj.k vk;k gSA
ogk¡ ;gh ckr fn[kkbZ gS fd lr~ tks ijekRek gSa] muesa tks çse gS]
mlhdk uke lRlax gSA
HkxoRçsedh efgek ftruh crkvks FkksM+h gSA HkxoRçseh
iq#"k rks eqfDrdk lnkorZ ck¡V ldrs gSaA f'koth dk'khesa eqfDrdk
lnkorZ ck¡Vrs gSaA çsedk tks çHkko gS] mls eSa rks ukeosQ çHkkols
nkeh ekurk gw¡A ukedk çHkko Hkh eSa nkeh ekurk gw¡A çseosQ
eqdkcysesa eqfDr dksbZ pht ugha gSA ;k ;ksxdk tksj gksµ
loZ}kjkf.k la;E; euks âfn fu#è; p A
ewèU;kZ/k;kReu% çk.kekfLFkrks ;ksx/kj.kke~ AA

cqf¼osQ le>esa vk xbZ gS] rks og ckr NwV ugha ldrhA tSls lxq.k
Hkxoku~osQ Lo:idk è;ku djusokyk gS] og Lo:idk jlkLokn
ysrk gS] rks fiQj mldk og R;kx ugha dj ldrkA tSls xksfi;k¡
Hkxoku~osQ Lo:idks Hkqykuk pkgsa] rks Hkh os Hkwy ugha ldrhaA
Hkxoku~osQ Lo:idk ftls jlkLokn vkrk gS] mldk xyk
dkV Mkys] rks Hkh og ml vkuUnls fopfyr ugha gksrkA ,sls ;g
,d cM+k tksj gSA
tks fujUrj ftl ckrdk fpUru djsxk] mldks mldh Le`fr
vUrdkyesa gksxh gh] ;g fu;e gSA Hkxoku~dk fpUru djrk gS mls
LoIu vkosxk] rks Hkxoku~dk gh vkosxkA mls lfUuikr gksxk] rks og
Hkxoku~osQ fo"k;dh ckr gh cgosQxkA ukedh efgek rqylhnklth
dgrs gSaµ
lq f ejgq uke jke dj ls o gq lk/q A
rqylh mrfj tkgq Hko mnf/ vxk/q AA

(xhrk ø@ûü)

vFkkZr~µ gs vtqZu ! lc bfUæ;ksaosQ }kjksadks jksddj vFkkZr~
bfUæ;ksadks fo"k;ksals gVkdj rFkk eudks âís'kesa fLFkj djosQ vkSj
vius çk.kdks eLrdesa LFkkiu djosQ] ;ksx/kj.kkesa fLFkr gqvkA
vksfeR;sdk{kja czã O;kgjUekeuqLeju~ A
;% ç;kfr R;tUnsga l ;kfr ijeka xfre~ AA

(cjoS jkek;.k mÙkjdk.M nksgk& öû)

vFkZµ rqylhnklth dgrs gSaµvjs eu ! jkeukedk Lej.k
djks vkSj lRiq#"kksadh lsok djksA (bl çdkj) vikj lalkj&lkxjosQ
ikj mrj tkvksA
dksbZ Hkh ,d pht dk;e jg tk;] rks dY;k.kesa lUnsg ugha
gSA lRlaxdk vk/kj Hkh ,d pht gSA vlyh lRlax rks og gS fd lr~
tks ijekRek gS] mlesa çse gksukA ml lRlaxdh rks eqfDr nklh gSA
rkr LoxZ vicxZ lq[k /fjv rqyk ,d vax A
rwy u rkfg ldy fefy tks lq[k yo lRlax AA

(xhrk ø@ûý)

vFkkZr~µ tks iq#"k] ¬ ,sls ,d v{kj:i czãdks mPpkj.k
djrk gqvk vkSj mlosQ vFkZLo:i esjsdks fpUru djrk gqvk]
'kjhjdks R;kx dj tkrk gS] og iq#"k ijexfrdks çkIr gksrk gSA
,sls tks ;ksxh gSa] muosQ ikl ;ksxdk iDdk tksj gSA lkjh
bfUæ;ksaosQ }kjksadks jksd fn;k gS ftUgksaus] eudks âís'kesa LFkkiu dj
fn;k gS] çk.kksadks eLrdesa jksd fn;k gS (;ksxdh /kj.kkls)] fiQj
mPpkj.k fd;kµ¬]¬A Hkxoku~ JhÑ".k xhrkthesa dgrs gSaµ^^bl
rjg esjk è;ku djrk gqvk 'kjhj NksM+dj tkrk gS] og esjs Lo:idks
çkIr gksrk gSA**
blesa Hkxoku~dk è;ku rFkk uke&ti gh ç/ku gSA igyk
'yksd (xhrk ø@ûü) pkgs gVk nks] (ø@ûý) dk;e j[k yks rks Hkh

(jk-p-ek-lqUnjdk.M&þ)

vFkZµ gs rkr ! LoxZ vkSj eks{kosQ lc lq[kksadks rjktwosQ
,d iyM+sesa j[kk tk;] rks Hkh os lc feydj ¹nwljs iyM+sij j[ks
gq,º ml lq[kosQ cjkcj ugha gks ldrs] tks yo ({k.k) ek=kosQ
lRlaxls gksrk gSA
param sawa/09-7-11
48

Hkxoku~ [kqn vkdj ys tkrs gSa

91

92

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

LoHkko iM+ x;k gSA HkksxksµfiQj øþ yk[k ;ksfu;k¡A
euq";k.kka lgÏs"kq dfÜÓ|rfr fl¼;s A
;rrkefi fl¼kuka dfÜÓUeka osfÙk rÙor% AA

csM+k ikj gSA fdUrq (ø@ûý) gVk nks vkSj (ø@ûü) j[kks] rks oqQN ughaA
;g lc ckrsa ;ksxhosQ ikl gSa] mlosQ ikl tksj gSA ;ksxosQ fcuk vki
ti] è;ku dk;e j[k ldks] rks ;ksx Hkys gh er gksvksA ;g vkiosQ
ikl tksj gks] rks cgqr gh Bhd gSA
lRlaxosQ tksjdh ckr vkidks crkbZA Hkxoku~esa çse gks] rks
og lcls nkeh pht gSA
nks uEcj lRlax og gSµtks egkiq#"kksadk lax gSA fdUrq çFke
rks egkiq#"k lalkjesa cgqr gh de gSaA pkyhl djksM+ euq"; bl
ns'kesa ekus tkrs gSaA buesals eSa rks le>rk gw¡ pkyhl vkneh Hkh
egkiq#"k fey tk,¡ rks cgqr gSaA gksosa rks Hkh ge mUgsa igpku ugha
ldrsA ouesa jgrs gksa] rks gesa feysa ughaA pkyhl djksM+esa 'kk;n
39 djksM+ rks x`gLFk gksaxsA laU;klh ,d djksM+ gksaxsA djksM+ksaesa dksbZ
,d egkRek gksrk gSA xhrkthls Hkh ;g >yd fudyrh gSµ
euq";k.kka lgÏs"kq dfÜÓ|rfr fl¼;sA
;rrkefi fl¼kuka dfÜÓUeka osfÙk rÙor%AA

(xhrk ÷@ý)

^^gtkjksa euq";ksaesa esjh çkfIrosQ fy;s dksbZ ,d ;Ru djrk gS]
vkSj mu ;Ru djusokyksaesa dksbZ ,d gh eq>s tkurk gSA** lc D;ksa
ugha tkurs\ dkj.k fd muesa rhoz lk/u ugha gSA bl U;k;ls ;g
ekuk tkrk gS fd djksM+ksaesa dksbZ ,d gh ml ijekRekdks tkurk gSA
egkRekdks tkusa oSQls\ bZ'ojdh ÑiklsA ;k egkRek tukuk
pkgsa rks tkusaA tkuusesa gsrq gksrh gSµJ¼kA
Hkxoku~ls çkFkZuk djsa] rks çHkq bl dkedks dj ldrs gSaA
ç'uµ egkRekdk ge rÙo] jgL; tku tk,¡µbldh ijh{kk
D;k\ fd ge tku x;s gSaA
mÙkjµ tks Hkxoku~osQ rÙo jgL;dks tku tkrk gS] çseosQ
rÙodks tku tkrk gS] rks çse mlls NwVrk ughaA è;kuosQ rÙodks tku
tkrk gS] rks è;ku mlls NwVrk ughaA blh çdkj egkRekosQ rÙodks
tku tkrk gS] rks egkRek mlls NwVrk ughaA
vki dgsa fd og rks ugha NksM+s] fdUrq egkRek NksM+ nsa] rks\
ughaA bu rhuosQ çfrKk gSµ/eZ] bZ'oj vkSj egkRekµbudks tks
idM+ ysrk gS] os fiQj mldks NksM+rs ughaA 'kkL=k dgrk gSµ ^^lkjs
I;kjs&I;kjs cU/q 'e'kkuesa NksM+dj pys vkrs gSa] fdUrq /eZ lkFkesa
tkrk gSA**
ç'uµ D;k bZ'oj ugha tkrk gS\
mÙkjµ bZ'oj ogk¡ rd D;k tk,_ bZ'oj rks mls xys
yxkdj igys gh vius ije/keesa ys tkrs gSaA 'e'kkuesa rks yk'k
tkrh gSA
vki iwNsa fdµ ^^Hkxoku~ [kqn vkdj ys tkrs gSa ;k vkneh
Hkstrs gSa\** nksuksa gh ckr gSaA ;k rks os [kqn vkrs gSa] ;k vius

(xhrk ÷@ý)

vFkkZrµ
~ gtkjksa euq";ksea as dksbZ gh euq"; esjh çkfIrosQ fy;s
;Ru djrk gS vkSj mu ;Ru djusokys ;ksfx;ksea as Hkh dksbZ gh iq#"k esjs
ijk;.k gqvk esjd
s ks rÙols tkurk gS vFkkZr~ ;FkkFkZ eeZls tkurk gSA
gtkjksaesa dksbZ ,d ijekRekdh çkfIrosQ fy;s ;Ru djrk gSA
ckdh rks lc #i;ksaosQ fy;s Hkkxrs fiQjrs gSaµ[kkvks] ihvks] ekSt
mM+kvksA [kkvks] ihvks] ekSt mM+kvksµ;g pkSjklh yk[k ;ksfu;ksaesa
Mkyusokyh gSA yk[kksa] djksM+ksa ckj ,d&,d ;ksfu;ksaesa ge x;s gSaA
vc rks ;g pDdj cUn djuk gh pkfg;sA pDdj cUn gksrk gSµbl
euq"; 'kjhjesa] oqQÙksdh ;ksfuesa ughaA euq";dk 'kjhj ikdj geus Hkh
oqQÙksosQ tSlh ;ksfu iwjh dh] rks 'kkL=k dgsxk fdµ^^rqEgsa f/Ddkj
gSA** geij nq%[k&ij&nq%[k vk jgs gSa] fiQj Hkh ge mUgsa jksdusdk
ç;Ru ugha djrsA nq%[k vkdj çkIr gksrk gS] rc jksrk gSA jksusdk
param sawa/09-7-11
49

Hkxoku~ [kqn vkdj ys tkrs gSa

94

93

ik"kZnksadks Hkst nsrs gSaA Hkxoku~osQ tks nwr gSa mudk gh uke ik"kZn gSA
tks cgqr T;knk çseh gksrk gS] çsels Hkxoku~dks [kjhn ysrk gS] rks
ogk¡ Hkxoku~ [kqn vkrs gSaA ;fn è;kudk cy gksrk gS rks ik"kZn vkrs
gSAa
vki dgsa fdµ ^^;ejkt [kqn Hkh vkrs gSa D;k\ gk¡ [kqn Hkh
vkrs gSaA lR;oku~ (lkfo=khosQ ifr)&osQ fy;s ;ejkt vk,A
vf/dka'kesa muosQ nwr gh vkrs gSaA
blh çdkj tks lk/d iq#"k gksrs gS]a muosQ fy;s rks Hkxoku~oQs
ik"kZn gh vkrs gSaA fl¼ tks iq#"k gksrs gSa muosQ fy;s Hkxoku~ gh vkrs
gSAa
lRlaxdh ckr gS& tks egkRekdks tku tkrk gS] mlls
egkRekls fo;ksx ugha gksrkA çkjC/osQ dkj.k 'kjhjdk rks fo;ksx gks
tkrk gS] fdUrq Hkhrjdk fo;ksx ugha gksrkA Hkhrjdk la;ksx gh
vlyh la;ksx gSA le>ks vkils esjk çse gS] rks vki gtkjksa ehy nwj
jgsa rks Hkh iklesa gh gSaA ;fn çse ugha gS] vkSj ;gk¡ O;k[;ku gks jgk
gS] iklesa cSBs gSa] rks lksrs jgrs gSaA rhFkZ;k=kkesa dksbZ vtuch iklesa
cSBk gS] rks lehi gksrs gq, Hkh nwj gh gSA ;g egkRekdk lRlaxdk
tksj crk;kA
dksbZ Hkh ,d tksj gS rks mlosQ dY;k.kessa lUnsg ugha gSA
dksbZ Hkh tksj gks ml tksjosQ vk/kjij igys gh dke cuk
ysuk pkfg;sA lRlaxdk tksj gks rks lRlaxls] ;ksxdk tksj gks rks
;ksxls] çsedk tksj gks rks çsels igys gh Hkxoku~ fey ldrs gSaA
;gh ckrsa jkrdks dgh xbZ FkhA
vki iwNsa fdµ rhFkZesa okl djrk&djrk fiQj rhFkZdks NksM+
nsrk gS rks\ NksM+ nsrk gS rks rhFkZosQ jgL;dks le>k ughaA
blh çdkj egkRekdks NksM+ nsrk gS rks] egkRekosQ rÙodks
le>k ughaA çsedks NksM+ nsrk gS rks çseosQ rÙodks ugha le>kA lcesa
,d gh xqj (jgL;) gSA rÙo&jgL;dks le>rk] rks mldks NksM+ ugha

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

ldrkA #i;ksadk yksHkh D;k #i;ksadks NksM+ ldrk gS\ ;fn egkRek
gks] oSjkxh gks] rks og #i;ksadks NksM+ ldrk gSA #i;ksaesa ftldh
çhfr gS] og oSQls NksM+ ldrk gS\
[;ky djuk pkfg;s vtquZ vius firkeg Hkh"e vkSj æks.kkpk;Z
tks oqQyxq# gSa] mUgsa ck.kksals ekjrk gS] D;ksafd Hkxoku~dh vkKk gSA
vkKk ikyu djrs gq, Hkh Hkh"ethesa tks iwT;Hkko gS] og de ugha
gSA Hkh"ethdks ck.kksals ekjdj muosQ pj.kksaesa ueLdkj djrk gSA
Hkh"eus dgkµ ^^rfd;k ykvks !** dkSjokfn e[keydk rfd;k
ykrs gSaA Hkh"eus dgk ^^esjs yk;d rfd;k ykvks !** rc Hkh"eus
vtZqudh rjiQ ns[kkA vtqZuus muosQ fljesa ck.k ekjdj fljdks m¡Qpk
dj fn;kA Hkh"e [kq'k gks x;s vkSj vtZquls dgk ^^rqedks
/U; gSA rqe ;fn bl çdkjdk rfd;k ugha nsrs rks eSa rqEgsa 'kki
nsrkA**
fIkQj Hkh"ethus ty ek¡xkA lc yksx >kjh ysdj nkSM+sA
Hkh"ethus dgkµ^^esjs yk;d ;g ty ugha gSA** ejusdh ml le;
rS;kjh gSA vtqZuus tehuesa ck.k NksM+kA tehu iQksM+dj xaxkth
fudyh vkSj Hkh"eosQ eq[kesa vkdj xaxkty fxjus yxkA
(;g ys[k isM ua- 87] i`"B la[;k 16 ls 20 rd esa ls fy;k x;k gS)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

param sawa/09-7-11
50

95

96

AA Jhgfj% AA

vaxn ;fn Hkxoku~osQ fcuk ugha jg ldrk Fkk] rks fiQj
çkFkZuk djrkA çkFkZuk djussdk rks mldk vf/dkj Fkk ghA blfy;s
,slk ekywe gksrk gS fd mldh #fp gh ogk¡ jgusdh FkhA Hkxoku~
mlosQ fy;s tks fo/ku cukrs gSa] og rks Bhd gh gSA tks oqQN Hkh
gks] mldh iwfrZ djuh pkfg;sA
xhrkthls ykHk mBkuk pkfg;sA xhrkth jkse&jkseesa jekuh pkfg;s]
ftl çdkj jkethosQ ukedks guqekuthus jkse&jkseesa jek;k Fkk] mlh
çdkj gesa Hkh xhrkth jkse&jkseesa tekuh pkfg;sA xhrkthosQ leku dksbZ
Hkh xzUFk ugha gSA Hkxoku~us xhrkthesa dgk gSµ
vUrdkys p ekeso LejUeqDRok dysoje~ A
;% ç;kfr l en~Hkkoa ;kfr ukLR;=k la'k;% AA

Hkxoku~ çR;sddh bPNk iw.kZ djrs gSa
(çopu ua- 22)

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

LoxkZJe
fnukad 15&05&1952

ç'uµ jkek;.kesa dgk gSµ ^^jke lnk lsod #fp jk[khA**
rks D;k vaxnth Hkxoku~osQ lsod ugha Fks] tks mUgksaus vaxndks vius
ikl u j[kdj v;ksè;kls Hkst fn;k\
mÙkjµ Hkxoku~ rks lnk HkDrdh #fp j[krs gh gSaA muesa
oqQN okluk gh gksxh] rc gh mudks ogk¡ HkstkA Hkxoku~ vUr;kZeh
gSa] os rks eudh ckrsa tkurs gSaA euesa oqQN okluk le>dj gh mls
(fdf"dU/k) Hkstk gksxkA vaxn Hkxoku~osQ mQij dksbZ Hkkj rks Fkk gh
ughaA vaxndh ;qojkt inesa çhfr Fkh] mldk ml rjiQ f[kapko FkkA
;g lkspuk pkfg;s fd Hkxoku~ tks djrs gSa] lc Bhd gh djrs gSaA
Hkxoku~dh dksbZ (fdf"dU/kesa) nqdku rks pyrh Fkh ugha] tks mls
ogk¡ HkstrsA okYehdh; jkek;.kesa fy[kk gS fdµ jkethus iwNk Fkk
fdµ ^^yo.kklqjdks dkSu ekj ldrk gS\** 'k=kq?uthus dgkµ^^eSa
ekj ldrk gw¡A** rks Hkxoku~us mudks Hkst fn;k (vkSj ogk¡ dk jktk
cuk fn;k)A Hkxoku~ lc oqQN tkurs gSa] os Bhd gh djrs gSaA ,sls
gh lhrkthus dgkµ ^^eSa ouesa tkdj Íf"k;ksaosQ n'kZu d:¡xhA** rc
egkjktus y{e.kosQ lkFk oqQN gh fnuksaesa lnkosQ fy;s ouesa Hkst
fn;kA
Hkxoku~dks Hkhrjh bPNkdk irk gksusls os çR;sddh bPNkdks
iw.kZ djrs gSaA vaxn ogk¡ (fdf"dU/kesa) jguk pkgrk Fkk] blfy;s
gh mls ogk¡ Hkstk Fkk& ;gh eryc fudkyuk pkfg;sA

(xhrk ø@ÿ)

vFkkZr~µ tks iq#"k vUrdkyesa Hkh eq>dks gh Lej.k djrk
gqvk 'kjhjdks R;kx dj tkrk gS] og esjs lk{kkr~ Lo:idks çkIr
gksrk gSµblesa oqQN Hkh la'k; ugha gSA
rLekRlosZ"kq dkys"kq ekeuqLej ;qè; p A
eÕ;fiZ r euks c q f ¼ekZ e s o S " ;L;la ' k;e~ AA
(xhrk ø@÷)

vFkkZr~µ gs vtqZu ! rw lc le;esa fujUrj esjk Lej.k dj
vkSj ;q¼ Hkh dj] bl çdkj esjsesa viZ.k fd;s gq, eu] cqf¼ls ;qDr
gqvk fu%lUnsg esjsdks gh çkIr gksxkA
^^vUrdkyosQ le; esjk Lej.k djrk gqvk 'kjhjdks NksMd
+ j
tks tkrk gS] og ijexfrdks çkIr gksrk gSA** ^^blfy;s lc le;esa
esjk Lej.k dj vkSj ;q¼ Hkh djA esjes as viZ.k fd;s gq, euokyk esjk
ije&HkDr gSA**
param sawa/09-7-11
51

Hkxoku~ çR;sddh bPNk iw.kZ djrs gSa

98

97

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

dgk¡ xk¡fx;k rsyh ! dgk¡ jke&jke] dgk¡ Vk¡;&Vk¡; ! tks çsedh
ewfrZ gSa] ve`r&Lo:i gSa] mldks NksM+dj tks fo"k&Lo:i fo"k;ksadh
rjiQ eu ys tkrk gS] og ew[kZ ve`rosQ cnys fo"k ysrk gSµ
rkfg dcgq¡ Hky dgb u dksbZ A xqatk xzgb ijl efu [kksbZ AA

;gh ckr gesa vius ij ?kVkuh pkfg;sA gesa Hkxoku~dks ;kn
djosQ gekjh lkjh fØ;kvksd
a ks djuk pkfg;sA xksfi;k¡ gjoDr Hkxoku~dks
;kn j[krh FkhA ;g ckr Hkkxor~osQ n'ke~ LdU/esa gS& xksfi;k¡
fcykSusosQ gh le; D;k] os rks gj le; Hkxoku~dks ;kn j[krh FkhA
dHkh Hkh ugha Hkwyrh FkhA vr% Hkxoku~dks ckè; gksdj ;g dguk
iM+k fdµ^^xksfi;ksaosQ leku dksbZ HkDr ugha gSA** ^^esjsdks tks cqf¼
viZ.k dj nsrk gS] og eq>s çkIr gks tkrk gSA** tks vUrdkyesa esjk
gh uke&ti djrk gqvk ejrk gS] og esjs Hkkodks çkIr gksrk gSA
irk ugha] dc ej tk,¡\ dc ;k=kk djrs gq, xkM+hdh
iVjhosQ uhps vk tk,¡\ D;k irk] dc gkVZisQy gks tk,\ blfy;s
tc ge gj le; Hkxoku~osQ ukeksadk ti djsaxs] rks gh vUrdkyesa
Hkxoku~dk uke ;kn vk;sxkA vkSj uke ;kn vkusls ge fu'p; gh
Hkxoku~osQ /kedks pys tk;saxsA ;fn ge ;g le>sa fd vUrdkyesa
uke&ti dj ysaxs] rks fcuk vH;kl ,slk ugha gks ldrkA tks ckr
gj le; ;kn jgrh gS] ogh ckr vUrdkyessa ;kn jgrh gSA
Hkxoku~dh Le`fresa tks vkuUn feyrk gS] og vkuUn lkalkfjd
fo"k;ksaesa ugha fey ldrkµ
uj ruq ikb fc"k;¡ eu nsgha A iyfV lq/k rs lB fc"k ysgha AA

(jk-p-ek- mÙkj þþ@ü)

vFkZµ mls dksbZ Hkh Hkyk ugha dgsxk] tks ikjlef.kdks
R;kxdj xqatk (fpjeh) xzg.k djrk gSA
pedrh rks gS fpjeh] ikjl rks iRFkjdk&lk gh fn[krk gSA
cPpksoa Qs lkeus ;fn ;s nksuksa phtsa j[k nh tk;s]a rks os fpjeh gh ysxa As
mlh çdkj og euq"; Hkh cPpsdh rjg gh gSa tks ikjlef.kdks
NksM+dj fpjeh ek¡xrs gSaA è;ku nsdj le>uk pkfg;s Hktu&è;kuesa
fdruk vkuUn gS] blosQ jgL;dks rks ogh le>rk gS] tks Hktu&è;ku
djrk gSA nwljk bldks ugha tku ldrkA tks ve`r nsork iku djrs
gSa] mls ge D;k le>sa\ os nsork gh le>rs gSaA blh çdkj ;g
ve`r gSA
dksbZ dgs fdµ^^Hkxoku~osQ ukeesa dksbZ etk ugha gS] vr%
eu ugha yxrk]** rks og oqQN le>rk gS gh ughaA 'kDdjosQ <sysij
,d phaaVhdks j[k nksA ;fn og mls ugha p[ksxh] rks Lokn Hkh ugha
vk;sxkA mlh çdkj ge Hkxoku~osQ ukeksaij oqQN è;ku ugha nsrs gSa]
blfy;s gh mldk vkuUn ugha vkrkA oSjkX; djuk pkfg;sA gesa gh
oSjkX;dh ckrsa tkuuh pkfg;sA ;fn ge oS';kdks oSjkX;osQ fo"k;esa
iwNsaxs rks og oS';k D;k crkosxh\
lUr&egkRekiq#"kksaesa Hkxon~cqf¼ djuh pkfg;sA lUr&
egkRekvksaesa bZ'ojdh ekU;rk blfy;s crkbZ x;h gS fd os tks Hkh
oqQN mins'k nsxa ]s gekjs HkysoQs fy;s gh nsxa As ;fn og (lUr&egkRek)

(jk-p-ek- mÙkj þþ@û)

vFkZµ tks yksx euq";&'kjhj ikdj fo"k;ksaesa eu ys tkrs gSa]
os ew[kZ ve`rdks cnydj fo"k gh xzg.k djrs gSaA
rqylhnklthdh bl pkSikbZ ij fo'okl dj ysuk pkfg;sA
tks fo"k;&Hkksxksaeas eu yxkrk gS] og rks ve`rdh txg fo"k gh
xzg.k djrk gSA
dgk¡ Hkxoku~dk fpUru] dgk¡ fo"k; ! dgk¡ jktk Hkkst]
param sawa/09-7-11
52

Hkxoku~ çR;sddh bPNk iw.kZ djrs gSa

100

99

lPpk ugha gS rks Hkxoku~ mldh cqf¼ Bhd djsxa As gekjs ;gk¡ rks
vU/sj gS] ijekRekosQ ;gk¡ rks vU/sj gS gh ughaA ;fn ge nwljksea as
bZ'ojcqf¼ djsxa s rks gekjk m¼kj gks tk;sxkA bZ'ojij fuHkZj gksdj jguk
pkfg;sA ,dkUresa cSBdj jksuk pkfg;sµ^^gs Hkxou~ ! ;fn gekjseas
xyrh gS rks lq/kfj;sA /ks[kseas gSa rks lq/kfj;sA tks oqQN gekjh ps"Vk gS]
og vkiosQ fy;s gh gSA ge rks oqQN tkurs gSa gh ughaA vki gh tkurs
gksA** Hkxoku~ij fuHkZj gksdj xn~xn~ ok.khls çkFkZuk djuh pkfg;sA fIkQj
tks vkns'k feys] mlij fo'okl dj ysuk pkfg;sA vUresa ,d jkeck.k
crkrs gSa fdµHkxoku~ls çkFkZuk djusls Hkxoku~ tks çsj.kk djsxa ]s ml
çsj.kkosQ vuqlkj O;ogkj djusls eqfDr gks ldrh gSA euq";dh lykgls
rks D;k gksuh tkuh gS \
vc eSa egkRekdk drZO; crkrk gw¡A ;fn fdlh ftKklqus
mlij Hkxon~cqf¼ dj yh] rks ml egkRekdks bldk ?kksj fojks/
djuk pkfg;sA ;fn og 'kkL=k&lEer dke ugha djrk gS] ;fn og
,slk ugha dgrk gS] rks og nwljksadks /ks[kk nsrk gSA egkRekdk drZO;
gksrk gS fd og ;Fkk'kfDr jksdusdh dksf'k'k djsA ,slk djusls og
nks"kdk Hkkxh ugha gksrkA ;fn og çksRlkgu nsrk gS] vkSj viusesa J¼k
djokrk gS] ;k teokrk gS] rks og egkRek ugha gSA
ge þø o"kZls bl dkedks dj jgs gSaA gekjh tc üú o"kZdh
vk;q Fkh] rcls gh ;g dke 'kq# dj fn;k FkkA ;fn vki bl
ckrdks dkeesa ykosaxs] rks esjk bruk ifjJe liQy gks tk;sxkA ;gh
;qfDr&;qDr] 'kkL=k&lEer ckr vkils dgh xbZ gSA egkRekesa ;fn
dksbZ bZ'oj cqf¼ djs rks mls jksduk pkfg;sA ;fn og ugha jksdrk gS
rks viusdks rFkk f'k";dks nksuksadks gh xrZesa Mkyrk gSA ftUgksaus
vuqfpr J¼k dh gS] mUgksaus i'pkrki Hkh fd;k gSA blfy;s ;fn

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

fdlhdh egkRekesa Hkxon~cqf¼ gks tk;] rks egkRekdks gh pkfg;s
fd og mls jksosQA vki ;fn eq>s bZ'oj ekuasxs vkSj ;fn eSa çksRlkgu
fnyk nw¡xk] rks cgqr gh [kjkc gksxkA ;fn eSa mls jksow¡Qxk] rks og
fdl çdkj xrZesa tk ldrk gS\
ç'uµ ;fn dksbZ viusdks egkRek ugha ekuus nsxk] rks
(gekjk) fdl çdkj m¼kj gks ldrk gS\
mÙkjµ gesa ;fn dksbZ (lkgwdkj ekudj) dgs fdµ^^vki
gekjs #i;s tek dj yks] C;kt Hkh ugha ysaxs** rks ge ;fn muosQ
#i;s tek ugha djsaxs rHkh gekjh cM+kbZ gSA ;fn ge tek dj ysa] rks
;g cgqr gh [kjkc pht gSA ;fn dksbZ viusdks Js"B ekus] rks og
mlosQ fy;s cgqr gh irudh pht gSA tks vius&vki viuh iwtk
djokrk gS] mlesa mldh J¼k vo';eso gV tkrh gSA ;g ckr ,d
çdkjls le>uh pkfg;s fdµ ge ekrk&firk] xq#tuksadh lsok djsa
vkSj os ;fn euk djsa] rks mudh rjiQ vknj c<+rk gS] nwljkasij cM+k
gh vPNk vlj iM+rk gSA ;g R;kx gSA bl R;kxdk ftruk çHkko
iM+rk gS] mruk vkSj fdlhdk ughaA #i;ksadk R;kx] ,s'k&vkjkedk
R;kx] eku&cM+kbZ&bu lcdk R;kx djuk pkfg;sA ge R;kxdh ckr
nwljksadks rks dgrs gSa] geesa ;fn R;kxdh Hkkouk,¡ ugha gS] rks
nwljksaij bruk vf/d çHkko ugha iM+rk gSA ftlesa R;kxdh Hkkouk
ftruh T;knk gS] og mruk gh Js"B gSA ;fn eSa [kwc eku&cM+kbZosQ
R;kxdh ckr dgw¡xk vkSj ;fn os esjsesa bldk vHkko ns[ksaxs] rks muesa
esjs çfr ?k`.kk gh gksxhA ;fn eSa Hkh blosQ ;ksX; gksm¡Qxk rks esjk çHkko
iMs+xkA vktdy tks Hkk"k.k nsrs gSa] mudk çHkko blfy;s gh ugha
iM+rk gS] D;ksafd muesa os ckrsa ?kVrh ugha] tks oqQN muosQ }kjk dgh
tkrh gSaA
param sawa/09-7-11
53

Hkxoku~ çR;sddh bPNk iw.kZ djrs gSa

101

102

eSa rks HkDrksadh xkFkkvksaesals rFkk Hkxoku~osQ opuksaesals dg
fn;k djrk gw¡A mldk ikyu eSa d:¡xk rks eq>s iQk;nk gksxk] ;fn
dksbZ nwljk Hkh bldk ikyu djsxk rks mls iQk;nk gksxkA ;fn eSa ,slk
dgw¡xk fdµ^^eSa bruk cM+k vkneh gw¡] esjsesa lc ckrsa gSa** rks eq>s
egkRek dksbZ Hkh ugha dgsxkA vius eq¡gls viuh cM+kbZ rks djuh gh
ugha pkfg;s] mlls fdlhij çHkko ugha iM+rk gSA
ç'uµ L=khdks vksadkjdk mPpkj.k djuk pkfg;s ;k ugha\
mÙkjµ L=khdks ¬ dkjdh mikluk ;k mPpkj.k ugha
djuk pkfg;s vksj ftl ea=kesa ¬ vkrk gS mldk Hkh 'kkL=kksea as bldk
fu"ks/ fd;k gSA ge rks ;gk¡ blosQ fu"ks/dh çkFkZuk djrs gSaA ;fn
dksbZ u lqus] rks gekjsdks dksbZ eryc ughaA gekjs O;fDrxr u dksbZ
ykHk gS] rFkk u dksbZ gkfu gSA ;g rks fou;osQ :iesa dgk x;k gSA
og ekus] pkgs u ekus mudh ethZ gSA gekjk mlls dksbZ Hkh eryc
ughaA oSfnd eU=kksadk L=khosQ fy;s fu"ks/ gSA ikSjkf.kdosQ fy;s eukgh
ugha gSA osnksaesa tks eU=k gSa] muesa gfj ¬ gksrk gSA ¬ dk mPpkj.k
L=kh] 'kwædks (f}tdks] ftudk tusÅ laLdkj ugha gqvk gks_ mUgsa
Hkh) dHkh Hkh ugha djuk pkfg;sA vPNs&vPNs fo}kuksadh ckrsa
lqudj gh ;g dgk x;k gSA bfrgkl&iqjk.k rks lquusdk gh ugha]
i<+us rd dk vf/dkj gSA
,d ckj ge vkSj vPNs&vPNs lUr vkneh ;gha Íf"kosQ'kesa
bdV~Bs gq, FksA eSa rks ,d lk/kj.k vkneh gh gw¡A ekyoh;thdk
;g i{k Fkk fdµ^^fL=k;k¡ ikSjkf.kd ckrsa i<+&lqu ldrh gSaA** vkSj
djik=khth egkjktus dgkµ^^lqu ldrh gS]a fdUrq i<+ ugha ldrhaA**
tc gekjsls jk; yh] rc geus rks dgk fdµ^^nksuksa gh ckrsa 'kkL=kksaesa
vkrh gSaA**

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

'kwæ rFkk L=kh vksadkjdk ti u djsaA f}tkfr;ksaosQ fy;s Hkh
fodYi gSA dgha&dgha ;g Hkh feyrk gS fdµ^^n.Mh Lokeh gh
vksadkjdk ti dj ldrs gSaA** fdUrq jkeosQ ukedk mruk gh egÙo
gS ftruk vksadkjdk egÙo gSA gekjs rks eqfDrdk }kj [kqyk gqvk gS]
ge D;ksa vksadkjosQ tiosQ fy;s ftn~n djsaA eSa rks dgrk gw¡ fdµ
^^vYykg&vYykg ftl çdkj eqlyeku djrs gSa] ;fn os çseesa
eXu gksdj djsa] rks mUgsa Hkh mruk gh iQy feysxkA**
rqylhnklth jke&ukeosQ mikld FksA mUgksausa dgk&
^^jke&ukedh efgek lcls c<+dj gSA** mUgksaus jkepfjrekuldh
jpuk djosQ jke&ukedks ikj mrjusdk lk/u crk fn;kA lwjnklthus
dgkµ ^^Ñ".kdk uke lcls cM+k gSA** /zqo dgsaxsµ ^^¬ ueks
Hkxors oklqnsok;** eqlyeku dgsxk fdµ ^^vYykg] mQnk gh Js"B
gSa** tSls dksbZ ikuhdks dgsµ ty] dksbZ dgsµ vki%] dksbZ dgsµ
uhj] dksbZ dgsµ okVj (water) ;k ikuh] oqQN Hkh D;ksa u dgks] vFkZ
rks ty gh gksxkA ,slh gh ijekRekosQ cgqr&ls uke gSa] dksbZ Hkh uke
yks eqfDr fey ldrh gSA
cPpk dgrk gSµ ^cw* rks ek¡ le>dj mls nw/ fiyk nsrh gSA
blh çdkj ge ¬ dkj dk ti u djosQ] jke ukedk ti djsaxs]
rks jke ukeosQ tils gekjk m¼kj D;ksa ugha gksxk\ vo'; gksxkA
(;g ys[k isM ua- 87] i`"B la[;k 74 ls 79 rd ls fy;k x;k gS)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

param sawa/09-7-11
54

104

103
AA Jhgfj% AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

ü- ;fn thfodk py losQ rks O;ogkj u djsA fiQj rks gj
le; Hktu&è;ku lsok gh djsA
ý- lsok Hkh mruh gh djs ftruh Hktu&è;kuosQ jgrs gq, gks
losQA
þ- vH;kl Mkyusls Hktu&è;ku djrs gq, Hkh lsok gks
ldrh gSA
ÿ- orZeku le;esa O;ogkjdk foLrkj j[krs gq, dY;k.k gks
tkos] vlEHko ckr gSA ;s ckrsa çR;{k vuqHko djosQ] cgqr yksxksals
lqudj vuqHko dh gqbZ gSA

O;ogkj bruk djs ftlls Hktuesa
ck/k u vkos
(çopu ua- 23)

bZ'ojij fo'okl j[kuk pkfg;sA fiQj fdlhdh Hkh etky
ugha gS] tks cky Hkh ckadk dj losQA
uke&ti o lRlaxdh fo'ks"k ps"Vk djuh pkfg;sA gtkj
dke NksM+dj ;g ps"Vk djuh pkfg;sA Hkxoku~osQ HktuosQ çHkkols
lcoqQN Bhd gks ldrk gSA
Hkxoku~osQ HkDrdks ns[kusls] fpUru djusls Hkxoku~ rqjUr
;kn vkus pkfg;sA ;fn egkiq#"kosQ 'kq¼ ân;esa viuh Le`fr gks x;h
rks viuk dY;k.k gks tkosxkA
egkiq#"k viusdks Nqos rks vius lkjs 'kjhjesa çsedh fctyh
nkSM+ tk;sxhA muosQ Nwusesa T;knk ykHk gSA vius Nwusls Hkh ykHk gSA
blesa vfXudk vkSj ?kkldk n`"VkUr ykxw iM+rk gSA
egkiq#"k ftl jkLrsls fiQjsaxs lcosQ ikidks uk'k djrs fiQjsaxs
(tk;saxs)A egkiq#"k viusdks ns[ksa rks ge lc gh ifo=k gks x;sA
vkidks ;g ckr çR;{k le> ysuh pkfg;s fd vkius fdlh
(Hkh tho)&dks tkdj Hkxoku~dk uke lquk;k vkSj og lqurk gqvk
ej x;k rks ml vknehdk rks tUe gh liQy gks x;kA
û- viuk dY;k.k pkgusokysdks rks Hkksr (cgqr) T;knk
O;ogkj djuk ugha pkfg;sA bruk O;ogkj djs ftlls Hktuesa
ck/k u vkosA

(;g ys[k isM ua- 94] i`"B la[;k 63 ls fy;k x;k gS)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

param sawa/09-7-11
55

105

106

AA Jhgfj% AA

bfUæ;ksadk la;e vius vki gks tkrk gSA
var le;esa Hkxoku~dh ;kn de jgrh gS lks ;g tokuhdh
mezesa xiQyr j[kh mldk ifj.kke gSA (xhrk ø@ö )
;a ;a okfi LejUHkkoa R;tR;Urs dysoje~ A
ra resoSfr dkSUrs; lnk rn~HkkoHkkfor% AA

Hkxoku~dh çkfIr 24 ?k.Vsesa gks ldrh gS
(çopu ua- 24)

xksfoUn Hkou&dydrk
fnukad 28&12&1963

è;kuosQ le; ijekRekosQ flok; vkSj fdlh phtdk fpUru
ugha djsA Hkxoku~ls çkFkZuk djs fd çHkq vki vkuseas D;ksa foyEc dj
jgs gSaA vki rks nhu&cU/q gSa vkSj eSa nhu g¡w] vki rks vius nklksaosQ
nks"kksadks ns[krs ugha vxj vki esjs nks"kksadh rjIkQ ns[ksa rkss esjk dgha
fVdko ugha gSA d#.kkHkkols Hkxoku~dks iqdkjs gs ukFk ! gs gfj !!
d#.kkHkkols iqdkjusls Hkxoku~ fo'ks"k :ils lqurs gSaA
;g fo'okl j[ks fd Hkxoku~ vkàku djus (cqykus]iqdkjus)
ls vk tkrs gSaA Hkxoku~ rks viuh fo'ks"k ÑikosQ çHkkols gh n'kZu
ns ldrs gSa vkSj Hkxoku~dh Ñik rks gS ghA Hkxoku~dk è;ku djusesa
rks euq"; LorU=k gSaA
Hkxoku~osQ dhrZuosQ çHkkols okrkoj.k 'kq¼ gks tkrk gS vkSj
lc fo?u&ck/k Hkkx tkrh gSA
'kjhjdk lq[k rFkk vklfDr ijekRekdh çkfIresa egku~ fo?u
gSA ijekRekesa vklfDr djuh] oSlk lq[k vkSj dgha ugha gSA lalkjdh
vklfDr Hk; nsusokyh vkSj tUe&ej.k nsusokyh gSA bl lalkjdh
vklfDrdks foosd fopkjls gVkosaA
ti] è;ku] lr~&'kkL=kksadk vè;;u vkSj lRlax ;s nkeh
lk/u gSA
nqf[k;ksadh fu"dkeHkkols lsok] eu bfUæ;ksadk la;e] lalkjls
oSjkX; ;s lc gksuk lk/uesa vR;Ur vko';d gSA oSjkX; gksusls eu

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

(xhrk ø@ö)

lnk ftl Hkkodk fpUru djrk gS vUrdkyesa Hkh çk;%
mlhdk Lej.k gksrk gSA blfy;s Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa& rLekRlosZ"kq
dkys"kq ekeuqLej ;qè; p (xhrk ø@÷)A vFkkZr~& eq>dks ;kn j[krs
gq, ;q¼ dj ;kuh eq>s ;kn j[krs gq, dke djA
,d dgkuhµ ,d cfu;sdks ,d egkRekus dgk fd Hkxoku~dk
Hktu fd;k dj] cfu;sus dgk iqQjlr ugha gSA fiQj egkRekosQ
dgusls cfu;sus ugkusosQ le; Hkxoku~dks ;kn ¹uke&tiº djusdk
fu;e fy;k] tc ejrs le; mldks Luku djk;k rks mldks Hkxoku~
;kn vk x;s vkSj mldk dY;k.k gks x;kA blfy, Hkxoku~dks gj
le; ;kn j[kuk pkfg;sA blesa ifjJe ugha gS vkSj oqQN [kpZ Hkh
ugha gksrk gSA og ugkusdk le; dkeesa vk x;k blls c<+dj vkSj
oqQN gS gh ughaA
fo'ks"k ckr ;g gS fd ejrs le; ?kjesa fpfM+;k] dkSok vkfn
dksbZ Hkh i'kq&i{kh 'kCn djrs gkas rks mUgsa ogk¡ ls gVk nsuk pkfg;sA
ejusokysls oqQN Hkh (lkalkfjd ckr) ugha dguk pkfg;sA dkj.k fd
vxj mldk è;ku ijekRekesa yxk gqvk gksxk vkSsj geus mlls
lalkjdh ckr pyk nh rks mldk tUe gksuk lEHko gSA ejusokysdks
Hkxoku~dh ;kn fnykosa ,oa lalkjdh dksbZ ckr mlls ugha djuh
pkfg;sA
param sawa/09-7-11
56

Hkxoku~dh çkfIr 24 ?k.Vsesa gks ldrh gS

107

euq"; oSQlk Hkh ikih D;ksa u gks mls e`R;qosQ le;esa
Hkxoku~dk Lej.k gks tk, rks fu'p; gh mldk dY;k.k gksxkA blesa
lUnsg ugha gSA
Hkxoku~dh çkfIr üþ ?k.Vsesa gks ldrh gSA blosQ fy, ik¡p
phtdk R;kx djuk t:jh gSµ vkgkj] ty] uhan] Vêðh vkSj is'kkc
,oa nks phtdks xzg.k djuk t:jh gS& HkxoUuke&ti vkSj Hkxoku~dk
è;kuA
i{kh rFkk tkuojksadh cksyhesa ejrs le; mldk eu ogk¡
pyk tkos rks mldk ,d tUe vo'; gksxk] blfy;s fdlhosQ
ejusosQ le; i{kh rFkk tkuojksadk 'kCn lqukbZ ugha iM+uk pkfg;sA
;fn e`R;qosQ le; oqQÙksdh vkokt lqukbZ ns rks ejusokyk Hkh
oqQÙkk gksrk gSA pkgs ejusokyk oSQlk Hkh mPpdksfVdk lk/d D;ksa u
gksA blfy;s lko/kuh j[ks fd vUr le;esa mls Hkxoku~dh Le`fr
jgs] ,slh ps"Vk j[kuh pkfg;sA
(;g çopu isM ua-& 95 i`"B 7] 8 ls fy;k x;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

108
AA Jhgfj% AA

Hkxoku~osQ Lo:iosQ è;kuosQ fy;s çsj.kk
(çopu ua- 25)

LoxkZJe] oVo`{k
vk"kk<+ cnh 1 la- 2001
7&6&1944] çkr%dky

JhÑ".k xksfoUn gjs eqjkjs gs ukFk ukjk;.k oklqnsoAA
Hkxoku~osQ ftrus vorkj gq;s gSa] muesa Hkxoku~ Jhjke vkSj
Hkxoku~ JhÑ".kosQ vorkj ç/ku gSaA è;kuosQ iwoZ vkludh t:jr
gS vkSj vkluosQ fy;s Hkxoku~us xhrkthesa crk;k gSµ
'kqpkS ns'ks çfr"BkI; fLFkjekluekReu% A
ukR;qfPNªra ukfruhpa pSykftuoqQ'kksÙkje~ AA
(xhrk ö@ûû)

vFkkZr~µ 'kq¼ Hkwfeesa] ftlosQ mQij Øe'k% oqQ'kk] e`xNkyk
vkSj oL=k fcNs gS]a tks u cgqr m¡Qpk gS vkSj u cgqr uhpk] ,sls vius
vkludks fLFkj LFkkiu djosQA
blls ifo=k vkSj D;k ns'k gksxk\ nwljk& ,dkUr ns'k vkSj
mlij xaxkthdh ckyw&;g cM+h ifo=k gSA ^pSykftuoqQ'kksÙkje~*
rhuksa feykdj vklu cuk;k tkos] rks Hkh xaxkthdh js.kqdkls c<+dj
ugha gks ldrkA ;fn dksbZ dgs fd ^rks fiQj Hkxoku~us xaxkthdh
js.kqdk dk gh vklu D;ksa ugha crk;k\* ckr ;g gS fd ;g lcosQ
fy;s lqxe ugha gSA ;g js.kqdk dk cM+k ifo=k vklu gS vkSj blesa
lknxh gSA rFkk ;gk¡osQ ijek.kqvksaesa è;ku yxkusdh 'kfDr gSA
vc vklu tekuk pkfg;s ^lea dk;f'kjksxhz oa* (xhrk ö@ûý)
dk;k] f'kj vkSj xzhokdks leku jD[ksaA es#n.M lh/k j[ksa] ftlls
fuæk ugha vkos vkSj ukfldkosQ vxzHkkxesa n`f"V tekosaA fuæk]

Hkxoku~osQ Lo:iosQ è;kuosQ fy;s izsj.kk

109

vkyL; ugha vkos] rks us=k can dj ldrs gSaA
ç'uµ Hkxoku~oQs Lo:idk è;ku ^ckgjesa djsa fd Hkhrjes\a *
mÙkjµ tSlk vkidks lqxe iMs+sA
ç'uµ lkdkjdk djsa fd fujkdkjdk\
mÙkjµ fujkdkjosQ lfgr gh lkdkjdk djsaA
tSlsµvkdk'kesa iwf.kZekdk pUæek gSA vkdk'kdh rjg
ijekRekdk fujkdkj Lo:i gS vkSj pUæekdh rjg lkdkj Lo:i gSA
ân; vkdk'kesa è;ku djks] pkgs czã vkdk'kesaA lkdkj] fujkdkj
,d gh gSA nks oLrq ugha gSA ,d gh osQ nks Hksn gSaA ,sls ijekRekosQ
Lo:idk è;ku djsA Hkxoku~osQ eq[kkjfoUndh miek pUæekdh nh
tkrh gSA
ç'uµ lxq.k&lkdkjesa fo".kqdk è;ku djs] ;k jkedk\
mÙkjµ ftlesa vkidh #fp gks] ogh vkiosQ fy;s T;knk
iQk;nsdh pht gSA
pUæekdh miek rks gS gh] Hkxoku~osQ ukeosQ lkFkesa Hkh pUæ
tksM+ fn;k gS tSlµ
s JhjkepUæ] JhÑ".kpUæA JhÑ".knkl ugha tksMk+
gSA
(;g ys[k isM ua- 71] i`"B la[;k 43 ls fy;k x;k gS)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

110
AA Jhgfj% AA

è;kukoLFkkesa çHkqls okrkZyki
(çopu ua- 26)

lk/d ,dkUr vkSj ifo=k LFkkuesa oqQ'k ;k Åu osQ vkluij
LokfLrd] fl¼ ;k iÁklu vkfn fdlh vkluls fLFkj] lh/k vkSj
lq[kiwoZd cSBs vkSj bfUæ;ksadks fo"k;ksals gVkdj lEiw.kZ lkalkfjd
dkeukvksd
a k R;kx djosQ LiqQj.kkls jfgr gks tk;A i ÓÜ kr~ vkyL;jfgr
vkSj oSjkX;;qDr ifo=k fpÙkls vius b"Vnso Hkxoku~dk vkàku djsA
;g [;ky j[kuk pkfg;s fd tc è;kukoLFkkesa Hkxoku~ vkrs gSa rc
fpÙkesa cM+h çlUurk] 'kkfUr] Kkudh nhfIr ,oa lkjs Hkwe.Myesa
egkçdk'k us=kksadks can djusij çR;{k&lk çrhr gksrk gSA tgk¡ 'kkfUr
gS] ogk¡ fo{ksi ugha gksrk vkSj tgk¡ Kkudh nhfIr gksrh gS] ogk¡
fuæk&vkyL; ugha vkrsA vkSj ;g fo ÜÒkl j[kuk pkfg;s fd
Hkxoku~ls Lrqfr vkSj çkFkZuk djusij è;kukoLFkkesa Hkxoku~ vkrs gSaA
vius b"VnsoosQ lkdkj:idk è;ku djusesa dfBukbZ Hkh ugha gSA ;fn
dgks fd ns[kh gqbZ phtdk è;ku gksuk lgt gS] fcuk ns[kh gqbZ
phtdk è;ku oSQls gks ldrk gS\ lks Bhd gS_ fdUrq 'kkL=k vkSj
egkRekvksoa Qs opuksoa Qs vk/kjij rFkk vius b"VnsoosQ #fpdj fp=kosQ
vk/kjij Hkh è;ku gks ldrk gSA blfy;s lk/ddks mfpr gS fd
us=kksadks ew¡ndj vius b"Vnso ijes ÜÒjdk vkàku djs vkSj lk/kj.k
vkàku djusls u vkusij muosQ uke vkSj xq.kkasdk dhrZu ,oa fnO;
Lrks=k vkSj inksaosQ }kjk Lrqfr vkSj çkFkZuk djrs gq, J¼k vkSj
çseiwoZd d#.kkHkkols xn~xn gksdj Hkxoku~dk iqu%&iqu% vkàku
djs vkSj Hkxoku~osQ vkusdh vk'kk vkSj çrh{kk j[krs gq, bl

Hkxoku~è;kukoLFkkes
dh çkfIr 24
a çHkq?k.Vs
ls eokrkZ
sa gksyldrh
ki
gS

112

111

pkSikbZdk mPpkj.k djsµ
,d ckr eSa iwNgq rksgh A dkju dou fclkjsgq eksgh AA
fiQj ;g fo ÜÒkl djuk pkfg;s fd gekjs b"Vnso Hkxoku~
vkdk'kesa gekjs lEeq[k djhc nks iQhVdh nwjhij çR;{k gh [kM+s gSaA
rRi ÜÓkr~ pj.kksals ysdj eLrdrd ml fnO; ewfrZdk voyksdu
djrs gq, ;g pkSikbZ i<+uh pkfg;sµ
ukFk ldy lk/u eSa ghuk A dhUgh Ñik tkfu tu nhuk AA
gs ukFk ! eSa rks lEiw.kZ lk/uksals ghu gw¡] vkius eq>s nhu
tkudj n;k dh gS vFkkZr~ eSaus rks dksbZ Hkh ,slk lk/u ugha fd;k
fd ftlosQ cyij è;kuesa Hkh vkiosQ n'kZu gks losQA fdUrq vkius
eq>s nhu tkudj gh è;kuesa n'kZu fn;s gSaA bl çdkj Hkxoku~osQ vk
tkusij lk/d è;kukoLFkkesa Hkxoku~ls okrkZyki djuk vkjEHk
djrk gSA
lk/d dgrk gSµçHkks ! vki è;kukoLFkkesa Hkh çdV
gksusesa bruk foyEc D;ksa djrs gSa\ iqdkjusosQ lkFk gh vki D;ksa ugha
vk tkrs\ bruk rjlkrs D;ksa gSa\
Hkxoku~ dgrs gSaµrjlkusesa gh rqEgkjk ije fgr gSA
lk/dµrjlkusesa D;k fgr gS] eSa ugha le>rkA eSa rks
vkiosQ i/kjusesa gh fgr le>rk gw¡A
Hkxoku~µfoyEcls vkuseas fo'ks"k ykHk gksrk gSA fojgO;koqQyrk
gksrh gS] mRdV bPNk gksrh gS] ml le; vkuseas fo'ks"k vkuUn gksrk
gSA tSls fo'ks"k {kq/k ¹Hkw[kº yxusij vUu ve`rosQ leku yxrk gSA
lk/dµBhd gS] fdUrq fo'ks"k foyEcls vkusij fujk'k
gksdj lk/d è;ku NksM+ Hkh rks ldrk gSA
Hkxoku~µ;fn eq>ij bruk gh fo'okl ugha gS vkSj esjs

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

vkusesa foyEc gksusosQ dkj.k tks lk/d mdrkdj è;ku NksM+ ldrk
gS] mldks n'kZu nsdj gh D;k gksxkA
lk/dµBhd gS] fdUrq vkiosQ vkusls vkiesa #fp rks
c<+sxh gh vkSj mlls lk/u Hkh rst gksxk] blfy;s vkidks iqdkjusosQ
lkFk gh i/kjuk mfpr gSA
Hkxoku~µmfpr rks ogh gS tks eSa le>rk gw¡ vkSj eSa ogh
djrk gw¡] tks mfpr gksrk gSA
lk/dµçHkks ! eq>s oSlk gh ekuuk pkfg;s tSlk vki dgrs
gSa] fdUrq eu cM+k ikth gS_ og ekuus ugha nsrkA vki dgrs gSa ogh
ckr lgh gS] fiQj Hkh eq>s rks ;gh fç; yxrk gS fd eSa cqykm¡Q vkSj
rqjar vki vk tk;¡A ;g crykb;s og dkSu&lh iqdkj gS ftl ,d
gh iqdkjosQ lkFk vki vk ldrs gSa\
Hkxoku~µxksfi;ksadh Hkk¡fr tc lk/d esjs gh fy;s fojgls
rM+irk gS rc oSls vk ldrk g¡w ;k eq>esa çse vkSj fo'okl djosQ
ækSinh vkSj xtsUædh Hkk¡fr tc vkrqjrkls O;koqQy gksdj iqdkjrk gS
rc vk ldrk gw¡A vFkok çÈknosQ ln`'k fu"dkeHkkols HktusokysosQ
fy;s Hkh vk ldrk gw¡A
lk/dµfojgls O;koqQy djosQ vkrs gSa ;g vkidh oSQlh
vknr gS\ vki fojgdh osnuk nsdj D;ksa rM+ikrs gSa \
Hkxoku~µfojgtfur O;koqQyrkdh rks cM+s m¡Qps ntsd
Z h fLFkfr
gSA fojgO;koqQyrkls çsedh o`f¼ gksrh gS] fiQj HkDr {k.kHkjdk Hkh
fo;ksx lgu ugha dj ldrkA mldks lnkosQ fy;s esjh çkfIr gks
tkrh gSA ,d niQk feyusosQ ckn fiQj dHkh NksM+rk gh ughaA tSls
Hkjr pkSng lkyrd fojgls O;koqQy jgk] fiQj esjk lkFk mlus dHkh
ugha NksM+kA
param sawa/09-7-11
59

O;ogkj
bruk djsa çHkq
ftlls
Hktues
è;kukoLFkkes
ls okrkZ
yki a ----

113

114

lk/dµvkidks dHkh dk;Z gksrk rks vki çk;% y{e.k vkSj
'k=kq?udks gh lqiqnZ djrs] Hkjrdks ugha_ bldk D;k dkj.k Fkk\
Hkxoku~µçsedh vf/drkosQ dkj.k Hkjr esjk fo;ksx lgu
ugha dj ldrk FkkA
lk/dµfiQj mUgksaus pkSng lkyrd fo;ksx oSQls lgu
fd;k\
Hkxoku~µesjh vkKkls ckè; gksdj mldks fo;ksx lgu
djuk iM+k vkSj mlh fojgls çsedh bruh o`f¼ gqbZ fd fiQj mldk
eq>ls dHkh fo;ksx ugha gqvkA
lk/dµij ml fojgesa vkius Hkjrdk D;k fgr lkspk\
Hkxoku~µpkSng lkyrd fojg lgu djusls og fojg vkSj
feyuosQ rÙodks tku x;kA fiQj ,d {k.kHkjdk fo;ksx Hkh mldks
,d ;qxosQ leku çrhr gksus yxkA ;fn ,slk ugha gksrk rks esjh vksj
bruk vkd"kZ.k oSQls gksrk\
lk/dµfojgdh O;koqQyrkls fujk'kk Hkh rks gks ldrh gS\
Hkxoku~µdg gh pqdk gw¡ ,sls iq#"kksaosQ fy;s fiQj n'kZu
nsusdh vko';drk gh D;k gS\
lk/dµfiQj ,sls iq#"kksadks vkiosQ n'kZuosQ fy;s D;k djuk
pkfg;s\
Hkxoku~µftl fdl çdkjls eq>esa J¼k vkSj çsedh o`f¼
gks] ,slh dksf'k'k djuh pkfg;sA
lk/dµD;k fcuk J¼k vkSj çseosQ n'kZu gks gh ugha
ldrs\
Hkxoku~µgk¡] ugha gks ldrs] ;gh uhfr gSA
lk/dµD;k vki fj;k;r ugha dj ldrs\

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

Hkxoku~µfdlhij fj;k;r dh tk; vkSj fdlhij ugha dh
tk; rks fo"kerkdk nks"k vkrk gSA lcij fj;k;r gks ugha ldrhA
lk/dµD;k ,slh fj;k;r dHkh gks Hkh ldrh gS\
Hkxoku~µgk¡] vUrdkyosQ fy;s ,slh fj;k;r gSA ml le;
fcuk J¼k vkSj çseosQ Hkh osQoy esjk Lej.k djusls gh esjh çkfIr
gks tkrh gSA
lk/dµfiQj mlosQ fy;s Hkh ;g fo'ks"k fj;k;r D;ksa j[kh
x;h\
Hkxoku~µmldk thou lekIr gks jgk gSA lnkosQ fy;s og
bl euq";&'kjhjdks R;kxdj tk jgk gSA blfy;s mlosQ okLrs ;g
[kkl fj;k;r j[kh x;h gSA
lk/dµ;g rks mfpr gh gS fd vUrdkyosQ fy;s ;g
fo'ks"k fj;k;r j[kh x;h gSA fdUrq vUr le;esa eu] cqf¼ vkSj
bfUæ;k¡ vius dkcwesa ugha jgrs_ vr,o ml le; vkidk Lej.k
djuk Hkh o'kdh ckr ugha gSA
Hkxoku~µblosQ fy;s loZnk esjk Lej.k j[kusdk vH;kl
djuk pkfg;sA tks ,slk vH;kl djsxk mldks esjh Le`fr vo';
gksxhA
lk/dµvkidh Le`fr eq>s lnk cuh jgs blosQ fy;s eSa
bPNk j[krk gw¡ vkSj dksf'k'k djrk gw¡] fdUrq papy vkSj mí.M
euosQ vkxs esjh dksf'k'k pyrh ughaA blosQ fy;s D;k mik; djuk
pkfg;s\
Hkxoku~µtgk¡ rgk¡ rqEgkjk eu tk;] ogk¡&ogk¡ls mldks
ykSVkdj çsels le>kdj eq>esa iqu%&iqu% yxkuk pkfg;s vFkok
eq>dks lc txg le>dj tgk¡&tgk¡ eu tk; ogk¡ gh esjk fpUru
param sawa/09-7-11
60

è;kukoLFkkesa çHkqls okrkZyki

116

115

djuk pkfg;sA
lk/dµ;g ckr eSaus lquh gS] i<+h gS vkSj eSa le>rk Hkh
gw¡] fdUrq ml le; ;g ;qfDr eq>s ;kn ugha jgrh] bl dkj.k
vkidk Lej.k ugha dj ldrkA
Hkxoku~µvklfDrosQ dkj.k ;g rqEgkjh cqjh vknr iM+h gqbZ
gS rFkk vklfDrdk uk'k vkSj vknr lq/kjusosQ fy;s egkiq#"kksadk
lax rFkk uketidk vH;kl djuk pkfg;sA
lk/dµ;g rks ;fRdf×pr~ fd;k Hkh tk ldrk gS vkSj
mlls ykHk Hkh gksrk gS_ fdUrq esjs nqHkkZX;ls ;g Hkh rks gj le;
ugha gksrkA
Hkxoku~µblesa nqHkkZX;dh dkSu ckr gS \ blesa rks rqEgkjh gh
dksf'k'kdh deh gSA
lk/dµçHkks ! D;k Hktu vkSj lRlax dksf'k'kls gksrs gSa\
lquk gS fd lRlax iwoZiq.; bdV~Bs gksusij gh gksrk gSA
Hkxoku~µesjk vkSj lr~iq#"kksadk vkJ; ysdj Hktudh tks
dksf'k'k gksrh gS og vo'; liQy gksrh gSA mlesa oqQlax]
vklfDr vkSj lf ÛÓr ck/k rks Mkyrs gSa_ fdUrq blosQ rhoz vH;klls
lc ck/kvksadk uk'k gks tkrk gS vkSj mÙkjksÙkj lk/udh mUufr
gksdj J¼k vkSj çsedh o`f¼ gksrh gS vkSj fiQj fo?u&
ck/k,¡ utnhd Hkh ugha vk ldrhA çkjC/ osQoy iwoZtUeosQ fd;s
gq, deksZaosQ vuqlkj Hkksx çkIr djkrk gS] og uohu 'kqHk deksZaosQ
gksusesa ck/k ugha Mky ldrkA tks ck/k çkIr gksrh gS og lk/ddh
detksjhls gksrh gSA iwoZlf ÛÓr iq.;ksaosQ flok J¼k vkSj çseiwoZd
dksf'k'k djusij Hkh esjh Ñikls lRlax fey ldrk gSA
lk/dµçHkks ! cgqr&ls yksx lRlax djusdh dksf'k'k djrs

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

gSa] ij tc lRlax ugha feyrk rks HkkX;dh fuUnk djus yx tkrs gSaA
D;k ;g Bhd gS \
Hkxoku~µBhd gS] fdUrq mlesa /ks[kk gks ldrk gSA
lk/uesa <hykiu vk tkrk gSA ftruk ç;Ru djuk pkfg;s mruk
djusij ;fn lRlax u gks rks ,slk ekuk tk ldrk gS] ijarq bl
fo"k;esa çkjC/dh fuUnk u djosQ viusesa J¼k vkSj çsedh tks deh
gS mlhdh fuUnk djuh pkfg;s_ D;ksafd J¼k vkSj çsels u;k çkjC/
cudj Hkh ije dY;k.kdkjd lRlax fey ldrk gSA
(;g ys [ k xhrkçs l dh iq L rd ^è;kukoLFkkes a çHkq l s okrkZ y ki*
dksM ua- 299 ls fy;k gS)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k -----------

param sawa/09-7-11
61

118

117

vFkkZr~µ gs oqQUrhiq=k vtqZu ! ;g euq"; vUrdkyesa
ftl&ftl Hkh Hkkodks Lej.k djrk gqvk 'kjhjdks R;kxrk gS] ml
mldks gh çkIr gksrk gSA D;ksafd og lnk ftl Hkkodk fpUru djrk
gS] vUrdkyesa Hkh çk;% mlhdk Lej.k gksrk gSA
vUrdkyesa ftl psrudh Le`fr gqbZ rc rks og oSlk gh
psru tho gks tk;sxk] ij ;fn tM+ inkFkZdh Le`fr gqbZ rks edkuesa
jgusokyk phaVh&pwgk vkfn cu tkrk gS] fdUrq Hkxoku~dh Le`fr gks
tkrh gS rks Hkxoku~dh çkfIr gks tkrh gSA blhls Hkxoku~ dgrs gSaµ
rLekRlosZ"kq dkys"kq ekeuqLej ;qè; p A
eÕ;fiZreukscqf¼ekZesoS";L;la'k;e~AA

AA Jhgfj% AA

vUrdkyosQ Lej.kdk egÙo
(çopu ua- 27)

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

LoxkZJe] oVo`{k
çkr%dky 01&06&1941

;g Hkwfe rks cM+h ifo=k gSA lSadM+ksa dkslesa ,slh txg ugha
feysxh] ?kj tkdj Hkh bl Hkwfedks ;kn dj ysa rks oSjkX; gks tk;A
;g ek;kiqjh gS (du[kyls ysdj y{e.k >wys rd)] blesa ejusls
fiQj lalkjesa vkuk ugha gksrkA
vUrdkys p ekeso LejUeqDRok dysoje~ A
;% ç;kfr l en~Hkkoa ;kfr ukLR;=k la'k;% AA
(xhrk 8@5)

(xhrk 8@7)

vFkkZr~µ tks iq#"k vUrdkyesa Hkh eq>dks gh Lej.k djrk
gqvk 'kjhjdks R;kx dj tkrk gS] og esjs lk{kkr~ Lo:idks çkIr
gksrk gSµblesa oqQN Hkh la'k; ugha gSA
Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa fd euq"; 'kjhj ikdj Hkh ;fn bldk
dY;k.k ugha gqvk] rks ejrs le; rks fdlh rjg bldk dY;k.k
gksuk pkfg;sA blfy;s Hkxoku~us ;g fu;e j[kk fd ejrs le;
fdlh rjg Hkh esjk Lej.k gks x;k rks dY;k.k gks tk;sxkA
ftl vijk/hdks ljdkj iQk¡lh dh lt+k nsrh gS mldks Hkh
iQk¡lh nsrs le; ¹vUrle;esaº mldh bPNkiwfrZ djrh gS] vr%
Hkxoku~us Hkh thoudh ;k=kk lekfIrosQ le; vkSj fo'ks"k dkuwu
cuk fn;k fd ejrs le; esjk Lej.k dj ys rks og eq>s çkIr gks
tkrk gS blesa dksbZ 'kadk ughaA Hkxoku~us ;g dkuwu fliZQ vius fy;s
gh ugha cuk;k gS oja lcosQ fy;s gh cuk;k gSµ
;a ;a okfi LejUHkkoa R;tR;Urs dysoje~ A
ra resoSfr dkSUrs; lnk rn~HkkoHkkfor% AA

vFkkZr~µ gs vtqZu ! rw lc le;esa fujUrj esjk Lej.k dj
vkSj ;q¼ Hkh dj] bl çdkj esjsesa viZ.k fd;s gq, eu] cqf¼ls ;qDr
gqvk rw fu%lUnsg esjsdks gh çkIr gksxkA
eu] cqf¼ eq>esa gh viZ.k dj nsA eudk viZ.k djuk
D;k\µgj oDr Hkxoku~dk fpUru djukA cqf¼dk viZ.k djuk
D;k\µcqf¼esa Hkxoku~osQ vfLrÙodk fu'p; gksukA ,slk gksusls
vUrle;esa Hkxoku~dk Lej.k gksxk ghA
vc fu;rkRefHk% (xhrk ø@ü) dh ckr pyrh gSA
lxq.k&lkdkj] fuxqZ.k&fujkdkj] lxq.k&fujkdkj rhuksa gh Hkxoku~
JhÑ".k gSaA bl txg Hkxoku~ JhÑ".kdk gh è;ku gS] ml fujkdkj
Lo:idks fy;s gq, gh Hkxoku~osQ lxq.k&lkdkjosQ Lo:idk ;gk¡
è;ku gS] D;ksafd eke~ inls lexz :idk o.kZu gSA Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa
vf/;K eSa gh gw¡A Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa fd eu] cqf¼ eq>s gh viZ.k dj
nksA

(xhrk 8@6)

param sawa/09-7-11
62

119

vUrdkyosQ Lej.kdk egÙo

120

vc fu;rkReiq#"kksadks fdl rjg tkuusesa vkrk gw¡A
vH;kl;ksx;qDrsu psrlk ukU;xkfeuk A
ijea iq#"ka fnO;a ;kfr ikFkkZuqfpUr;u~ AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

vFkkZr~& gs ikFkZ ! ;g fu;e gS fd ijes'ojosQ è;kuosQ
vH;kl:i ;ksxls ;qDr vU; rjiQ u tkusokys fpÙkls fujUrj
fpUru djrk gqvk iq#"k ije çdk'kLo:i] fnO; iq#"kdks vFkkZr~
ijes'ojdks gh çkIr gksrk gSA
vksfeR;sdk{kja czã O;kgjUekeuqLeju~ A
;% ç;kfr R;tUnsga l ;kfr ijeka xfre~ AA

lxq.k&fujkdkj vkSj fuxqZ.k fujkdkj nksuksa gh lk/u dfBu
gaS] ij lxq.k&lkdkj lk/u ljy gSA
vtZqudh rjg ge Hkh lksosa rks Hkxoku~dks lkFk ysdj lksosa]
[kkosa rks Hkxoku~osQ lkFk [kkosaA tSls eu dgha jgrk gS vkSj Hkkstu
djrs jgrs gSa] rks eudks dgha u tkus nsa vkSj Hkxoku~dk Lej.k djsaA
'kjhj fuokZgdh fØ;k rks çkjC/ vuqlkj gksrh jgsxh] ij eudks
Hkxoku~esa yxk nsaA
fuxq.Z k&fujkdkj] lxq.k&fujkdkjosQ nks dfBu lk/u u crykdj
ljy lk/u j[kk] ftlls ljydh rjiQ lHkhdk eu pyrk gSA
ekeqisR; rq dkSUrs; iqutZUe u fo|rs AA

(xhrk 8@13)

(xhrk 8@16)

vFkkZr~& tks iq#"k ^¬* ,sls bl ,d v{kj:i czãdks
mPpkj.k djrk gqvk vkSj mlosQ vFkZLo:i esjd
s ks fpUru djrk gqvk]
'kjhjdks R;kxdj tkrk gS] og iq#"k ijexfrdks çkIr gksrk gSA
vc ;g ckr vkrh gS fd vUr le;esa rks bruk djuk cM+k
eqf'dy gS] bls Hkh fu;rkRe iq#"k gh dj ldrs gSAa rks vc Hkxoku~
ogh xhrk vè;k; 8 'yksd 5&6&7 esa dgh gqbZ ckr dgrs gSAa
vuU;psrk% lrra ;ks eka Lejfr fuR;'k% A
rL;kga lqyHk% ikFkZ fuR;;qDrL; ;ksfxu% AA

vFkkZr~& ijUrq gs oqQUrhiq=k ! esjsdks çkIr gksdj mldk
iqutZUe ugha gksrk gS] D;ksafd eSa dkykrhr gw¡ vkSj ;g lc czãkfndksa
osQ yksd dky djosQ vof/okys gksusls vfuR; gSaA
;gk¡ Hkxoku~dh çkfIr gh ije flf¼ gS] ijexfr gSA vc
Hkxoku~ viuh çkfIrdh fo'ks"krk cryk jgs gSaA
vkczãHkqoukYyksdk%
iqujkofrZuks¿tqZu A

(xhrk 8@8)

(xhrk 8@16)

vFkkZr&~ gs vtquZ ! czãyksdls ysdj lc yksd iqujkorhZ
LoHkkookys vFkkZr~ ftudks çkIr gksdj ihNs lalkjesa vkuk iM+]s ,sls gSAa
vkSjksa dh rks ckr gh D;k] czãyksd rd osQ yksdesa x;s gq,
yksx okil vk tkrs gSaA ij ijekRekdks çkIr gq, okil ugha vkrsA
vc ;g crkrs gSa fd czãyksd rd osQ okil D;ksa vkrs gSa
fd dky djosQ vof/okys gSaA

(xhrk 8@14)

vFkkZr&~ gs vtZuq ! tks iq#"k esjes as vuU;fpÙkls fLFkr gqvk]
lnk gh fujUrj esjd
s ks Lej.k djrk gS] ml fujUrj esjes as ;qDr gq,
;ksxhosQ fy;s eSa lqyHk gw]¡ vFkkZr~ lgt gh çkIr gks tkrk gwA¡
vuU;fpÙkls Lej.k djusokysosQ fy;s mi;ZqDr dfBu fØ;k
ugha djuh iM+rhA
param sawa/09-7-11
63

121

vUrdkyosQ Lej.kdk egÙo

lgÏ;qxi;ZUreg;Zn~czã.kks

122
AA Jhgfj% AA

fonq%A
(xhrk 8@17)

dfy;qxls nqxuq k }kij gS] frxquk =ksrk gS] pkj xquk lr~;xq gSA
,sls gtkj ckj prq;Zqxh gksos bruh czãkdh jkr gS] mruk gh fnu gSA
vO;ÙkQkn~O;ÙkQ;% lokZ% çHkoUR;gjkxes A
(xhrk 8@18)

czãkosQ fnudk vkfn gh lxZdk vkfn gSA czãkosQ fnudk
vUr gh lxZdk vUr gSA czãkosQ vO;Dr 'kjhjls gh muosQ fnuosQ
vkfnesa czãk gh lEiw.kZ thoksadks jprs gSaA tSls oqQEgkj feêðhosQ crZu
cukrk gSA fufeÙk vkSj miknku nksuksa gh dkj.k czãk gSaA czãkdk Hkh
dkj.k ijekRek gSA czãkdh jkf=kosQ vkjEHkesa lcosQ lc mlhesa
foyhu gks tkrs gSaA
Hkwrxzke% l ,ok;a HkwRok HkwRok çyh;rs A
(xhrk 8@19)

mRiUu gksos vkSj yhu gksos] mRiUu gksos vkSj yhu gksos]
blfy;s HkwRok HkwRok nks 'kCn ns fn;sA ckj&ckj ,slk gksrk gh jgrk
gSA tks esjh çkfIr ugha djrk gS og bl pDdjesa p<+k gh jgrk gSA
blls èofu fudyrh gS fd esjh çkfIrdh gh ps"Vk djksA
(;g çopu isM ua- ûûö ls fy;k x;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k----------

Hkxoku~dks [kksdj Hkksxksaesa eu nsuk
ew[kZrk gS
(çopu ua- 28)

Xkksj[kiqj&cxhpsesa
nksigj 20&11&1937

,d cM+s /uh lsB FksA mlosQ ;gk¡ Xokfyu vk;h (caxkydh
ckr gSA) lw;Z vLr gksusesa le; de FkkA og cksyh] iSlk nsu (iSlk
nhft;s) mlosQ equheus dgkµFkksM+h nsj BgjksA og fiQj cksyh&le;
ugha gSA equheus dgkµFkksM+k vkSj BgjksA mlus fiQj dgkµle; ugha
gSA rhu ckj ml L=khus dgk] lw;Z Mwc jgk gS] le; ugha gSA rks fiQj
lsBus mldks iSlk fnyok fn;k vkSj mlh le; #i;ksa&iSlksa dk
lcdk fglkc Bhd djosQ py iM+k] cksyk le; ugha gSA gekjk lw;Z
vLrkpyesa tk jgk gSA ml lsBdks Xokfyudk bruk gh mins'k yx
x;k vkSj çHkqosQ 'kj.k gksdj egku~ HkDr gks x;kA gekjk Hkh ;gh
gky gS] le; dgk¡ gSA
vfuR;elq[ka yksdfeea çkI; HktLo eke~ A
(xhrk 9@33)

vFkkZr~µ blfy;s rw lq[kjfgr vkSj {k.kHkaxqj bl euq";
'kjhjdks çkIr gksdj fujUrj esjk gh Hktu dj vFkkZr~ euq"; 'kjhj
cM+k nqyZHk gS_ ijUrq gS uk'koku vkSj lq[kjfgr] blfy;s dkydk
Hkjkslk u djosQ rFkk vKkuls lq[k:i Hkklusokys fo"k;Hkksxksaesa u
iaQldj fujUrj esjk gh Hktu djA
,sls 'kjhjdks ikdj eka HktLo esjk gh Hktu djA oSQlk
Hktu eUeuk Hko (xhrk 9@34) esjs flok fdlhdks euesa LFkku er

Hkxoku~dks [kksdj Hkksxksaesa eu nsuk---

124

123

nsA esjk HkDr gksA esjs flok fdlhesa çse djusokyk er gksA eUeuk
ls eudk] en~HkDrks ls vius vkidk leiZ.k gks x;k] e|kth ls
esjk iwtu djusokyk gks tkA
;r% ço`fÙkHkwZrkuka ;su loZfena rre~ A
LodeZ.kk reH;P;Z flf¼a foUnfr ekuo% AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

mnkgj.kµ ,d /uh vkneh FkkA fdlhdks 100 #i;s
O;kikj djusosQ fy, m/kj fn;s vkSj dgk fd ewy iw¡thesals [kpZ er
djukA mlus 100 #i;ksaesals 75 #i;s [kpZ dj fn;s] 25 #i;s 'ks"k
jgsA rc mlosQ feyusokys yksxksaus dgk ekfyd cM+k n;kyq gS tks
oqQN cpk gS og ysdj pyks] rks og cksyk esjh rks lsBthosQ ikl
tkusdh fgEer ugha gS] vkiyksx lkFk pyks] rks os yksx n;kyq Fks
lkFk pys x;sA mlus lsBdks lPpk gky dg fn;k] ladksp vkSj nq%[k
çnf'kZr fd;kA rc ekfydus {kek dj fn;kA blh çdkj geyksx tks
vk;q Hkxoku~ls ysdj vk;s Fks vf/dak'kr% [kks pqosQ gSaA vc Hkh
ckdh cph gqbZ vk;q Hkxoku~dks lkSai nsa ;kuh muosQ Hktu&è;kuesa gh
le; fcrkosa rks Bhd gSA egkRek yksx Hkh lPps vknehdh fliQkfj'k
Hkxoku~ls dj nsrs gSaA ijUrq tks yksx vc Hkh fNikdj ckr djrs gSa]
diV j[krs gSa] vkSj 'ks"k cps 25 gSa crkrk 15 gS] mldh lquokbZ
ugha gksrhA egkRekdks Hkh Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa bldh tsc rks lEgkyksA
;fn 99 #i;s [kpZ gks x;s] vkSj ,d #i;k Hkh cpk gks rks og rks
iwjk&dk&iwjk lkSai nksA mlesa Hkh pksjh djks rks dke ugha py ldrkA
euq";dk thou vewY; gS fdlh HkDrdk dguk gSµ
gkFk mBkosQ dgr gw¡ dgk¡ ctkm¡Q <ksy A
'oklk [kkyh tkr gS rhu yksd dk eksy AA
,d&,d 'okldk ewY; f=kyksdh gSA vUrosQ 'oklesa ;fn
Hkxoku~dh Le`fr gks xbZ rks mldks Hkxoku~dh çkfIr gks tkosA
vUrdkys p ekeso LejUeqDRok dysoje~ A
;% ç;kfr l en~Hkkoa ;kfr ukLR;=k la'k;% AA

(xhrk 18@46)

vFkkZr~& gs vtqZu ! ftl ijekRekls loZ Hkwrksadh mRifÙk gqbZ
gS vkSj ftlls ;g loZ txr~ O;kIr gS ml ijes'ojdks vius
LokHkkfod deksZa}kjk iwtdj euq"; ijeflf¼dks çkIr gksrk gSA
lkjh bfUæ;k¡ Hkxoku~eas gh yxk nsaA eka ueLoqQ# ls vius
vkidks Hkxoku~osQ viZ.k dj nsA Hkxoku~ dgrs gSaµrw fu'p; eq>dks
gh çkIr gksxkA dksbZ dgs le; dgk¡ gS\ tks le; cpk gS og lkjk
le; çHkqosQ leiZ.k dj nsuk pkfg;sA igysdk lkjk le; lkalkfjd
Hkksxksaesa pyk x;k] vc tks le; cpk gS og lkjk le; Hktu
Lej.kesa yxkuk pkfg;sA tks bl çdkj le>rk gS ogh iq#"k
/U; gSA tks cpk gqvk le; çHkqosQ viZ.k dj ns ;kuh Hkxoku~osQ
Hktu&è;kuesa fcrkos ogh le;dh dnj tkurk gSA fdlh larus
dgk gSµ
vk;s Fks dNq ykHk dks] [kks; pys lc ewy A
fiQj tkoksxs lsB ikl] rks iys iM+sxh /wy AA
D;k fiQj gedks euq"; 'kjhj feysxk\ tc ge Bhd rjgls
le; ugha fcrk;saxs rks vkxs tkdj lsBdks D;k tokc nsaxsA blfy;s
cpk gqvk le; rks çHkqdks leiZ.k djksA ;kuh Hkxoku~oQs Hktu&è;kuesa
fcrkvksA
ik;ks ije in gkFk lks tkr] xbZ lks xbZ vc jk[k jgh dks A

(xhrk 8@5)
param sawa/09-7-11
65

vFkkZr~µ Hkxoku~ dgrs gSaµtks iq#"k vUrdkyesa esjsdks gh

Hkxoku~dks [kksdj Hkksxksaesa eu nsuk---

126

125

Lej.k djrk gqvk 'kjhjdks R;kxdj tkrk gS] og esjs lk{kkr~
Lo:idks çkIr gksrk gS] blesa oqQN Hkh la'k; ugha gSA
rhuksa yksddk ewY; rks fdl fxurhesas gS ,d {k.kdk ewY;
cgqr vf/d gSA Hkxoku~dh çkfIr ,d lkyesa ugha] ,d eghusesa]
,d fnuesa] ,d ?kM+hesa D;k] ,d {k.kesa gks ldrh gSA Hkxoku~osQ
vuU; 'kj.k gksusls foaQfpr~ ek=k Hkh viuk fdlhesa vf/dkj ugha
le>sA lnkosQ fy;s vius vkidks Hkwydj çHkqesa vuU; gksdj çHkq
vkfJr gks tkosA ;kuh Hkxoku~esa fLFkr gks tkos] Hkxoku~osQ flok;
nwljh rjiQ eu tkos gh ugha] Hkxoku~dh Le`fr gh thoudk
vk/kj cu tkos rks mlh {k.k çHkqdh çkfIr gks tkosA mlls Hkh
vf/d ewY; le;dk gSA
çHkqdk ,slk dkuwu gS fd vxj vUr le;esa ,d lsosQ.M
vkiosQ gkFkesa gS] çk.k tkusokys gSa] cl ! mlh le; vkidh eqfDr
gks ldrh gSA oSQlS\ çHkqdh Le`fr ;k uketi lsA çHkq cM+s n;kyq gSa]
çHkqosQ ;gk¡ cM+h NwV gSA ckn'kkg Hkh iQk¡lhdh ltkokysdks NwV nsrk
gS] iQk¡lh rks gksxh gh ij bldh bPNk iw.kZ djus yk;d gksxh rks
djsaxsA ijUrq çHkq rks dgrs gSa vUr le;dh bPNk vo';eso iw.kZ
gksxhA
egku~ ikih gS] vUr le;esa oSQlk Hkh gks] dksbZ Hkh gks]
Hkxoku~dk Lej.k djusosQ lkFk gh m¼kj gks tkrk gSA bruh Hkkjh NwV
gSA ikfi;ksaosQ fy;s gh gS] /ekZRekdks rks t:jr gh D;k\ çHkq lksprs
gSa vc ;g ej tk;sxk rks fiQj u ekywe yk[k ;k djksM+ tUeosQ ckn
dc euq"; gksxkA çHkq cM+s n;kyq gSa] ;g vUr le;dk ekSdk nsrs gSaA
ml le; lc xqukg ekiQ gSa] vUrdkyesa Hkxoku~dk Lej.k djrs
tkvksxs ijeindks çkIr gks tkvksxsA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

vkius le;dh fdruh dnj dh gS\ ;fn vki #i;s
dekusesa le; [kksrs gSa] rks /ks[ksesa gksA 'kjhj iks"k.kesa] oqQVqEc
ikyuesa le; fcrkrs gks] rks Hkh ew[kZrk gSA lkspksµ,d rjiQ #i;k]
,d rjiQ Hkxoku~A urhtk D;k gksxk\ ,d rjiQ 'kjhjdk iks"k.k]
nwljh rjiQ Hkxoku~A D;k gqvk 'kjhj iks"k.kesa] nks lsj feV~Vh gh rks
c<+kbZ (;kuh 'kjhjdk [;ky djusls otu gh rks c<+xs k)A L=kh&iq=kksd
a k
iks"k.kµvjs ew[kZ ! lkjk lalkj rqEgkjk gh oqQVqEc gS] ;g rks rqEgkjh
cM+h ew[kZrk gSA dgk¡ HkkSfrd mUufr vkSj dgk¡ Hkxoku~ ! Hkxoku~dks
[kksdj bl çdkj le; fcrkrk gS\ rqylhnklth dgrs gSaµ
rkfg dcgq¡ Hky dgb u dksbZ A xqatk xzgb ijl efu [kksbZ AA
(jk-p-ek- mÙkj 44@2)

vFkZµ tks fpjehdks ysdj ikjl [kksrk gSA ;kuh tks
ikjlef.kdks [kksdj cnysesa ?kq¡?kph ysrk gS] mldks dHkh dksbZ Hkyk
(cqf¼eku) ugha dgrkA
fpjehdk ewY; ,d dkSMh Hkh ugha gSA Hkxoku~dks [kksdj
le;dks fo"k; Hkksxksaesa yxkrs gksA ew<+ ! fpjeh ns[kus ek=kls gh
lqUnj gS] mldk ewY; oqQN ugha gSA ikjl ns[kusesa iRFkj gS] ijUrq
mldk ewY; lalkjHkjdks [kjhn ldrk gSA fpjehesa ykyh pedrh gS
ij eq¡g dkyk gSA fo"k; Hkksx lqgkous fn[krs gSa ijUrq Hkksxksadks
HkksxusosQ vUresa eq¡g dkyk gSA çHkqdks ugha Hktksxs rks ejusosQ ckn ?kksj
ujdesa iM+ksxsA çHkq lk{kkr~ ve`r gSa] çHkqdks ikdj vej gks tkvksxsA
fiQj dHkh tUeksxs ejksxs ughaA ,sls çHkqdks NksM+dj fo"k;Hkksx:i
fo"kiku djrs gks] rks lnk tUers ejrs jgksxsA
uj ruq ikb fc"k;¡ eu nsgha A iyfV lq/k rs lB fc"k ysgha AA
(jk-p-ek- mÙkj 44@1)
param sawa/09-7-11
66

Hkxoku~dks [kksdj Hkksxksaesa eu nsuk---

127

,slk euq"; 'kB] ew[kZ] ew<+ gSA çR;{k ckr gS lalkjesa fo"k;ksd
a k
fpUru gS ;g fo"k [kkuk gSA çHkqdk fpUru vkSj fprou ve`r gSA
çHkqoQs è;kuesa tks vkuUn gS og f=kyksdhosQ jkT;esa Hkh ugha gSA
fo"k;ksadk fo"kµ xqM+esa yisVk gqvk] yM~Mwesa fNik;k gqvk
fo"k gSA nq;ksZ/uus Hkhedks yM~Mwesa fo"k Mkydj fn;k Fkk] Hkhe
çlUurkls [kk x;k fiQj nq;ksZ/uus yrk&irkls yisVdj leqæesa fxjk
fn;kA leqæesa ukx yksdesa pyk x;k] vkSj lk¡iksaus fo"k pwl fy;k
mlls mldk fo"k mrj x;kA og lko/ku gksdj ?kj pyk x;k]
Hkhedks ,slk ekSdk fey x;k rc rks cp x;k ugha rks ej tkrkA
mlus /ks[ksls fo"k Hkjk yM~Mw [kk;k] ge rks MaosQdh pksV [kk jgs gSaA
'kkL=k] egkRek Li"V dg jgs gSa] ?kks"k.kk dj jgs gSa fd ;g fo"k gSA
Hkhedks dksbZ dg nsrk rks D;k og [kkrk\ blfy;s geyksxksadks gekjk
le; fo"k;&Hkksxksaesa u fcrkdj çHkqosQ Hktu&è;kuesa gh fcrkuk
pkfg;sA Hktu&è;kudk vkuUn çR;{k gS ,slk ugha gS tSls Jk¼]
nkudk iQy ijyksdesa feyrk gSA
(;g çopu isM ua- ûûö ls fy;k x;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k----------

128
AA Jhgfj% AA

Hkxoku~osQ jgusosQ ik¡p LFkku iqLrd
dk va'k
(çopu ua- 29)

czkã.kus iwNk& nso ! vkius firkosQ fy;s fd;s tkusokys
Jk¼ uked egk;Kdk o.kZu fd;kA vc ;g crkb;s fd iq=kdks
firkosQ thrs&th D;k djuk pkfg;s_ dkSu&lk deZ djosQ cqf¼eku
iq=kdks tUe&tUekUrjksaesa ije dY;k.kdh çkfIr gks ldrh gSA ;s lc
ckrsa ;RuiwoZd crkusdh Ñik dhft;sA
JhHkxoku~ cksy&s foçoj ! firkdks nsorkosQ leku le>dj
mudh iwtk djuh pkfg;s vkSj iq=kdh Hkk¡fr muij Lusg j[kuk
pkfg;sA dHkh euls Hkh mudh vkKkdk mYya?ku ugha djuk pkfg;sA
tks iq=k jksxh firkdh HkyhHkk¡fr ifjp;kZ djrk gS] mls v{k;
LoxZdh çkfIr gksrh gS vkSj og lnk nsorkvksa }kjk iwftr gksrk gSA
firk tc ej.kklUu gksdj e`R;qosQ y{k.k ns[k jgs gksa] ml le; Hkh
mudk iwtu djosQ iq=k nsorkvksaosQ leku gks tkrk gSA (firkdh
ln~xfrosQ fufeÙk) fof/iwoZd miokl djusls tks ykHk gksrk gS]
vc mldk o.kZu djrk gw¡A lquks] gtkj v'oes/ vkSj lkS jktlw;
;K djusls tks iq.; gksrk gS] ogh iq.; (firkosQ fufeÙk) miokl
djusls çkIr gksrk gSA ogh miokl ;fn rhFkZesa fd;k tk; rks mu
nksuksa ;Kksals djksM+ xquk vf/d iQy feyrk gSA ftl Js"B iq#"kosQ
çk.k xaxkthosQ tyesa NwVrs gSa] og iqu% ekrkosQ nw/dk iku ugha

Hkxoku~
Hkxoku~
osQdjgus
ks [kksod
sQ jik¡Hkks
p xLFkku
ksaesa euiqLnsrd
uk------

129

130

pkfg;s fd og firkosQ 'kodks fprkij j[kdj fof/iwod
Z eU=kksPpkj.k
djrs gq, igys mlosQ eq[kesa vkx ns] mlosQ ckn lEiw.kZ 'kjhjdk
nkg djsA (ml le; bl çdkj dgsµ) ^tks yksHk&eksgls ;qDr rFkk
iki&iq.;ls vkPNkfnr Fks] mu firkthosQ bl 'kodk] blosQ lEiw.kZ
vaxksdk eSa nkg djrk gw¡_ os fnO;yksdesa tk;¡A bl çdkj nkg djosQ
iq=k vfLFk&lap;osQ fy;s oqQN fnu çrh{kkesa O;rhr djs fiQj
;Fkkle; vfLFk&lap; djosQ n'kkg (nlok¡ fnu) vkusij Luku
dj xhys oL=kdk ifjR;kx dj ns] fiQj fo}ku~ iq#"k X;kjgosa fnu
,dkn'kkg&Jk¼ djs vkSj çsrosQ 'kjhjdh iqf"VosQ fy;s ,d czkã.kdks
Hkkstu djk;sA ml le; oL=k] ih<+k vkSj pj.kiknqdk vkfn oLrqvksd
a k
fof/iwoZd nku djsA n'kkgosQ pkSFks fnu fd;k tkusokyk (prqFkkZg)
rhu i{kosQ ckn fd;k tkusokyk (=kSikf{kd vFkok lk/Zekfld)]
N% eklosQ Hkhrj gksusokyk (mQu"kk.ekfld) rFkk o"kZosQ Hkhrj
fd;k tkusokyk (mQukfCnd) Jk¼ vkSj buosQ vfrfjDr ckjg
eghuksaosQ ckjg Jk¼µoqQy lksyg Jk¼ ekus x;s gSaA ftlosQ fy;s
;s lksyg Jk¼ ;Fkk'kfDr J¼kiwod
Z ugha fd;s tkrs] mldk fi'kkpRo
fLFkj gks tkrk gSA vU;kU; lSdM+ksa Jk¼ djusij Hkh çsr;ksfuls
mldk m¼kj ugha gksrkA ,d o"kZ O;rhr gksusij fo}ku~ iq#"k ikoZ.k
Jk¼dh fof/ls lfi.Mhdj.k uked Jk¼ djsA

djrk] oja eqDr gks tkrk gSA tks vius bPNkuqlkj dk'khesa jgdj
çk.k&R;kx djrk gS] og euksokafNr iQy Hkksxdj esjs Lo:iesa yhu
gks tkrk gSA
okjk.kL;ka R;ts|Lrq çk.kak'pSo ;n`PN;k A
vHkh"Va p IkQya HkqDRok eísgs çfoyh;rs AA
(iÁiq-] l`f"V[k- þ÷@üÿþ)A

;ksx;qDr uSf"Bd czãpkjh eqfu;ksadks ftl xfrdh çkfIr
gksrh gS] ogh xfr czãiq=k unhdh lkr /kjkvksea as çk.kR;kx djusokysdks
feyrh gSA fo'ks"kr% (vUrdkyesa) tks lksu unhosQ mÙkj rVdk
vkJ; ysdj fof/iwoZd çk.kR;kx djrk gS] og esjh lekurkdks
çkIr gksrk gSA ftl euq";dh e`R;q ?kjosQ Hkhrj gksrh gS] ml ?kjosQ
NIijesa ftruh xk¡Bs c¡/h jgrh gSa] mrus gh cU/u mlosQ 'kjhjesa Hkh
c¡/ tkrs gSAa ,d&,d o"kZoQs ckn mldk ,d&,d cU/u [kqyrk gSA
iq=k vkSj HkkbZ&cU/q ns[krs jg tkrs gSa] fdlhosQ }kjk mls ml cU/uls
NqVdkjk ugha feyrkA ioZr] taxy] nqxZeHkwfe ;k tyjfgr LFkkuesa
çk.k&R;kx djusokyk euq"; nqxZfrdks çkIr gksrk gSA mls dhM+s
vkfndh ;ksfuesa tUe ysuk iM+rk gSA ftl ejs gq, O;fDrosQ 'kodk
nkg&laLdkj e`R;qosQ nwljs fnu gksrk gS] og lkB gtkj o"kksaZrd
oqQEHkhikd ujdesa iM+k jgrk gSA tks euq"; vLi`';dk Li'kZ djosQ
;k ifrrkoLFkkesa çk.k R;kx djrk gS] og fpjdkyrd ujdesa
fuokl djosQ EysPN&;ksfuesa tUe ysrk gSA iq.;ls vFkok iq.;deksd
aZ k
vuq"Bku djusls eR;Zyksdfuoklh lc euq";ksadh e`R;qosQ le; tSlh
cqf¼ gksrh gS] oSlh gh xfr mUgsa çkIr gksrh gSA
firkosQ ejusij tks cyoku~ iq=k muosQ 'kjhjdks dU/sij <ksrk
gS] mls ix&ixij v'oes/ ;Kdk iQy çkIr gksrk gSA iq=kdks

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

(;g ys[k xhrkçsldh iqLrd ^Hkxoku~osQ jgusosQ ik¡p LFkku* dksM+
ua- 261 ls fy;k x;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k----------

param sawa/09-7-11
68

132

131

mÙkjµ gS D;kas ugha\ ogh cryk jgk gwA¡ og ,slk lqUnj mik;
gS ftls czkã.kls pk.Mky rd] ije fo}ku~ls otze[w kZ rd] L=kh&iq#"k
lnkpkjh dnkpkjh lHkh lgt gh dj ldrs gSAa og mik; gS ok.khosQ
}kjk Hkxoku~oQs ukedh jVuA dksbZ fdlh Hkh voLFkkesa gks] uke&ti
vius LokHkkfod xq.kls tiusokysdk euksjFk iw.kZ dj ldrk gS vkSj
mls vUresa Hkxoku~dh çkfIr djk nsrk gSA vkSj lk/uksea as euosQ o'kesa
gksus rFkk 'kq¼ gksud
s h vko';drk gSA HkkoosQ vuqlkj gh lk/udk
iQy gqvk djrk gSA ijUrq uke&tiesa ;g ckr ugha gS] fdlh Hkh
Hkkols uke fy;k tk; og rks dY;k.kdkjh gh gSA
Hkk;¡ oqQHkk;¡ vu[k vkylg¡w A uke tir eaxy fnfl nlg¡w AA

AA Jhgfj% AA

uketils fo/krkosQ ys[k feV tkrs gSa vkSj
mldh Hkxoku~ Lo;a j{kk djrs gSa A
(çopu ua- 30)

lÑnfi ifjxhra J¼;k gsy;k ok A
Hk`xqoj ujek=ka rkj;sr~ Ñ".kuke AA
vFkkZr~µ J¼kls] vogsyuklsµoSQls Hkh ,d ckj Hkh fd;k
gqvk Ñ".kukedk dhrZu euq";ek=kdks rkj nsrk gSA
ç'uµ o"kksaZls ps"Vkesa yxk gw¡] cgqrsjs lk/q&egkRekvksaosQ
n'kZu fd;s] rhFkksZaesa ?kwek] ea=kksaosQ vuq"Bku fd;s] ukuk çdkjdh
lk/uk,¡ dh ij esjk nq"V eu fdlh çdkj Hkh o'kesa ugha gksrkA
'kkL=k vkSj lar dgrs gSa euosQ o'kesa gq, fcuk Hkxoku~dh çkfIr
ugha gksrhA ;g rks fufoZokn gS fd Hkxoku~dh çkfIr gq, fcuk thou
O;FkZ gSA eSa grk'k gks x;k gw¡] eSa pkgrk gqvk Hkh Hkxoku~dks ugha ik
low¡Qxk] esjs fy;s dksbZ mik; gS\ Hkxoku~ D;k n;k djosQ eq> ljh[ks
papy fpÙkdks viuk ysaxs\
mÙkjµ ckr ;g gS] lPph yxu gks vkSj n`<+rk iwoZd
vH;kl fd;k tk; rks eudk o'kesa gksuk vlEHko ugha gSA eu
o'kesa djusosQ cgqrls mik; gSa] mlosQ }kjk eu o'kesa vo'; gh gks
ldrk gSA ijUrq bl dfy;qxh thouesa dgha 'kkfUr ugha gSA ukuk
çdkjdh vkf/] O;kf/;ksals euq";dk eu lnk f?kjk jgrk gS blfy;s
eudks o'kesa djusosQ lk/uesa yxkuk cM+k dfBu gSA lk/uesa
yxusij Hkh ukuk çdkjosQ fo?ukasosQ dkj.k lPph yxu vkSj n`<+
fo'okldk gksuk Hkh dfBu gh gSA
ç'uµ rks fiQj D;k euq"; thoudh liQyrkdk dksbZ
mik; ugha gS\

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

(jk-p-ek-ckydk.M üø@û)

vFkZµ vPNs Hkko (çse) ls] cqjs Hkko (oSj) ls] Øks/ls ;k
vkyL;ls] fdlh rjgls Hkh uke tiusls nlksa fn'kkvksaesa dY;k.k
gksrk gSA
blfy;s eu o'kesa gks pkgs u gksA oSQlk Hkh Hkko gks] rqe
fo'okl djosQ tSls cus oSls gh Hkxoku~dk uke fy;s tkvks vkSj
fu'p; djks fd Hkxoku~oQs ukels rqEgkjk vUr%dj.k fueZy gqvk tk
jgk gS vkSj rqe Hkxoku~dh vksj c<+ jgs gksA uke ysrs jgs]a rkark u VwVk
rks fu'p; gh blhls rqe vUresa Hkxoku~dks ikdj ÑrkFkZ gks tkvksxAs
dfytqx le tqx vku ufga tkSa uj dj fcLokl A
xkb jke xqu xu fcey Hko rj fcufga ç;kl AA
(jk-p-ek-mÙkjdk.M ûúý d)

vFkZµ ;fn euq"; fo'okl djs] rks dfy;qxosQ leku nwljk
;qx ugha gSA ¹D;ksfa dº bl ;qxesa JhjkethosQ fueZy xq.klewgksd
a ks
xk&xkdj euq"; fcuk gh ifjJe lalkj ¹:ih leqæº ls rj tkrk gSA
gjsukZe gjsukZe gjsukZeSo osQoye~~ A
dykS ukLR;so ukLR;so ukLR;so xfr¿jU;Fkk AA
param sawa/09-7-11
69

uketils fo/krkosQ ys[k feV tkrs gSa---

133

134

vFkkZr~µ dfy;qxesa osQoy gfjdk uke gh lkj gSA eSa çfrKk
djosQ dgrk g¡w] dfy;qxesa gfjukedks NksM+dj nwljh xfr ugha gS]
ugha gS] ugha gSA
JhçseyrkthosQ opuke`resa uke ekgkRE;dh cgqr&gh egRoiw.kZ
fnO; ok.kh gSA oqQfVydeZdh js[k Hkh uke tils feV tkrh gSA
Hkxoku~ Lo;a uke&tkiddh j{kkesa jgrs gSa] blfy;s Hkxoku~dk uke
ftruk tik tk; vf/d&ls&vf/d fujUrj ysrs jguk pkfg;sA
Ukke jVu dgq dkSu ç;klk osQoy thHk fgykuk gS A
ykHk vfer vfr vdFk vuwie xkor osn iqjkuk gS AA
ufg dksm /eZ deZ lk/u flf/ rsfg le Kku u è;kuk gS A
^çseyrk* rs /U; uke ftu lc fof/ loZl ekuk gS AA1AA
oqQfVy deZ dh js[k dfBu tks uke jVs feV tkrh gS A
vugks u h àS tkr HkykbZ nlgw fnfl njlkrh gS AA
e`R;q ekrq le gksb uke cy tks lc txdks [kkrh gS A
^çseyrk* lks /U; lar tsfg uke lq jVuk Hkkrh gS AA2AA
dksfVu fo?u foyk; uke&/qfu lqfu dj ns tkrs Vkyk A
ikod 'khry gksb] gykgy djS uke cy izfrikyk AA
vfjgq fe=krk djS] MjS rsfg ck?k&Hkkyq] fcPNw&C;kyk A
^çseyrk* tks lnk ukedh isQjk djrk gS ekyk AA3AA
jke:i /uq&ck.k /kfj dj] j{kkesa fur jgrs gSa A
f'ko f=k'kwy /jh] czã n.Mdj] fo".kq pozQ fur ygrs gSa AA
ukjk;.k /fj xnk dkSeqnh] tkidosQ fjiq ngrs gSa A
^izseyrk* guqeku euksjFk iqjofga] tks oqQN pgrs gSa AA4AA
fl;tw Hkkstu nsfg] 'kfDr lc djSa vk; fljij Nk;k A
nkuo&nso] Hkwr&fdauj] i'kq&i{kh] tks txesa tk;k AA
uke&izrki fo"kerk ifjgfj] djr ldy fuflfnu nk;k A
^izseyrk* rsfg Hktfga u tM+efr ikb vuwie uj&dk;kAA5AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

f=kxq.ke;h ek;k tks izHkqdh] tx dg¡ ukp upkofr gS A
l`th ikyfr] lagjfr yksd iqfu] #[k yf[k cgqfj ulkofr gSAA
Kkuh] lqj] equhlUgosQ eu Nu eg¡ idfj Mqykofr gS A
^izseyrk* lksb uke&tkidfu f'k'kq le ykM+ yM+kofr gS AA6AA
uke&iz H kko vikj c[kkur] jkegq ¡ fg;s ytkrs gS a A
ifrrgq¡ ikou gksr jVr tsfg] fcuq Je ij&in ikrs gSa AA
;ou x;ks izHkq&/ke uke tfi] C;k/mQ czã dgkrs gSa A
^izseyrk* rs /U; yksdesa] ts fl;jke lqxkrs gSa AA7AA
ftruk jfVgkS uke] vUres a mruk gh lq [ k ikvks x s A
tks u ekfugkS lh[k eksg cl] rks fiNs iNrkvksxs AA
jVs fcuk fl;&jke ukedks nj&nj /Ddk [kkvksxs A
^izseyrk* fl;&jke Hktu fcuq] ;eiqj ck¡/s tkvksxs AA8AA
jVks&jVks fl;jke uke vc] ukgd nsj yxkvks th A
yks d &ykt oq Q ydh e;kZ n k] ukrk&us g cgkvks th AA
dknjiu rft diV&pkrqjh] fur uo izse c<+kvks th A
^izseyrk* /fj euqt&nsgdks] rkfg u O;FkZ ulkvks thAA9AA
Jhfl;&jke&ukedh efgek cgqfcf/ i<+rs&lqurs gkS A
jVrs dkgs u [kwc fujUrj] ckrsa D;ksa dj x<+rs gkS AA
gVrs gkS D;ksa] Hktu iUFkesa vkxs D;ksa ufga c<+rs gkS A
^izseyrk* fl; jke&Hktu&iFk /k; u dkgs p<+rs gkS AA10AA
(fgrksins'kd 68&77)
ukjk;.k ! ukjk;.k !! ukjk;.k !!!
(;g ys[k isM ua- 88] i`"B la[;k 71]72 ls fy;k x;k gS)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k---------param sawa/09-7-11
70

136

135
AA Jhgfj% AA

;K] nku] lsok vkfnosQ lkFkesa fu"dke&Hkko tksM+ fn;k tk; rks
lcdh lkeF;Z c<+ tkrh gSA FkksM+k&lk fu"dke Hkko lalkjls eqfDr
djk nsrk gSA fu"dkedk cM+k Hkkjh egRo gSA Hkhrjesa LokFkZ gS rks
dyad gSA
xhrkçsldk dke csxkj ugha gS lk/udk dke gSA xhrkçsldk
ftruk dke gS mu lHkhdks lk/u ekusA
tSls dksbZ nfjæ ukjk;.k lM+d ij iM+k gS] mldks vLirkyesa
HkrhZ djk fn;k rks ;g Hkxoku~dk dke gks x;kA NksVs&ls&NksVk dke
Hkh Hkko mÙke gkssusls cgqr mÙke gks tkrk gSA
ejusokysdks uke lquk;k tkrk gS] lks ftldh ikjhesa e`R;q
gksrh gS mldks fo'ks"k ykHk gS vkSj nwljksadks Hkh ykHk gSA
Hkxoku~us e`R;qosQ le; ,d {k.kdh NwV nh gSA euq";us
fdrus gh iki fd;s gksa vfUre {k.kesa Hkxoku~dk Lej.k gks tkos rks
mldk dY;k.k gSA
xhrkçsldh iqLrdksadk çpkj gS] ;g Hkh ijelsok gSA vkSj
dks ijelsokdk :i nsuk iM+rk gS D;kasfd Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa lc dke
lsok gS] ij fu"dke Hkkols djusls lc ijelsok gSA xhrkthdk
çpkj] iqLrd çpkj] e`R;qosQ le; uke lqukuk] O;k[;ku ;g lc
ije lsok gSA
chekjksd
a ks vLirkyesa HkrhZ djk nsuk] vxj ogk¡oQs dEikmUMj
yksxksadks oqQN nsuk iM+s rks ns nsuk pkfg;sA ;g ?kwl ugha gS] ;g rks
buke gS mlesa viuk D;k LokFkZ gSA
;gk¡ij vkiyksxksadh n`f"Vesa ijelsok vkSj lsokdk foHkkx gS
blfy;s nks gS] gekjh n`f"Vesa rks lc ije lsok gSA

Hkxoku~ jkth gksa og dke djsa
(çopu ua- 31)

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

dydÙkk] xksfoUnHkou
fnukad 02&08&1959

ç'uµ tUe&ej.kosQ jksxdh eq[; nok D;k gS\
mÙkjµ fu"dkeHkkols HkxoUuke&ti vkSj Hkxoku~dk è;ku
djukA
pkgs tks oqQN gks ?kcjkuk ugha vkSj fpUrk ugha djuhA
Hkxoku~dk eaxy fo/ku ekudj [kwc çlUu jguk pkfg;sA d#.kkHkkols
jksdj Hkxoku~ls çkFkZuk djuh pkfg;sA vxj vk¡lw ugha vkosa rks
d#.kkHkkols çkFkZuk djuh pkfg;sA Hkxoku~dh n;kosQ cyij fuHkZj
gks tkos rks fiQj ?kcjkgV ugha vk ldrhA ftruk vkRecy gS mlls
gBls vkSj Hkxoku~dh ÑikosQ cyij vki tks Hkh ckrsa i<+sa mudks
/kj.k djuh pkfg;sa] n`<+rklsA ,slh fLFkfr cukusosQ fy;s vkiesa
ftruh rkdr gS mldks yxkuk pkfg;sA gBls Hkh yxkuh pkfg;sA
lkjh ps"Vk Hkxoku~esa çse gksusosQ fy;s] Hkxoku~dh çkfIrosQ fy;s
gksuh pkfg;sA chekjhesa Hkxoku~dh n;k le>uh pkfg;s] vxj 'kjhjesa
T;knk chekjh gksos vkSj nq%[k gksos rks le>uk pkfg;s Hkxoku~ eq>dks
tYnh 'kq¼ djuk pkgrs gSAa T;knk nq%[k gksul
s s Hkxoku~dk Lej.k vkSj
;kn T;knk vkrh gSA blfy;s Hkxoku~dks gj le; ;kn j[kusdh ps"Vk
j[kuh pkfg;sA Hkxoku~dks dgsa fd vkiesa çse cuk jgs pkgs 'kjhjesa
fdrus gh nq%[k gksrs jgsaA
vUr%dj.kdh 'kqf¼osQ fy;s uke&ti] fu"dke&deZ vkSj
fu"dke&lsok djusls cgqr tYnh 'kqf¼ gksrh gSA rhFkZ] ozr] lRlax]
param sawa/09-7-11
71

Hkxoku~ jkth gksa og dke djsa

137

138

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

Hkxoku~ (xhrk 8@14) esa dgrs gSa tks esjk fuR; fujUrj Lej.k djrk
gS mldks eSa lgtesa gh çkIr gks tkrk gwA¡ Hkxoku~ bl lk/udks lqxe
crykrs gSa vkSj ns[kuseas Hkh lqxe gSA tc Hkxoku~dh ;kn vkrh gS ml
le; Hkh çlUurk jgrh gS vkSj mlosQ iQyesa Hkh çlUurkA fdlhHkh
Hkkols uke ti fd;k tkos rks vPNk gSA ij J¼k iwod
Z fd;k tkos
rks cgqr nkeh gSA rqylhnklthus ukeosQ ti ij ftruk tksj yxk;k
mruk Lej.k ij tksj ugha fn;kA uke tidks xhrkessa Hkxoku~us viuk
Lo:i cryk;k vkSj dgk ;Kksea as ti;K eSa gwA¡
Hkxoku~oQs uke vkSj :idk tks Lej.k gS] og xhrk&jkek;.kesa
cgqr nkeh crk;k gSA
ç'uµ fdl ukedk ti djuk pkfg;s\
mÙkjµ lk/ddh ftl uke :iesa J¼k gks mlhdk ti
djuk pkfg;sA Hkxoku~osQ cgqrls uke gSa dfy;qxesa fo'ks"kdjµ gjs
jke gjs jke jke jke gjs gjs µ gjs Ñ".k gjs Ñ".k Ñ".k Ñ".k
gjs gjs] ;g "kksM'k v{kjdk ea=k cgqr nkeh gSA bl ea=kdk ti gj
le; fd;k tk ldrk gSA 'kq¼ voLFkk gks ;k v'kq¼ vkSj vxj
lk<+s rhu djksM+ HkxoUukedk ti fd;k tkos vkSj vxj fu"dke
Hkkols fd;k tkos rks cgqr nkeh gSA fu"dke rks Hkko gS vkSj ti
fØ;k gS vxj fØ;kosQ lkFk fu"dke&Hkko tksM+ fn;k tkos rks nkeh
gSA esjk rks dguk gS fd osQoy tils Hkh Hkxoku~ fey tkrs gSaA bl
"kksM'k ea=kesa jke Ñ".k gfj rhuksa gh vk tkrs gSaA
ikiksadk gj.k djusokyk gksusosQ dkj.k Hkxoku~dk uke gfj
gSA Ñ".kdk tks vFkZ gSµ lPpk vkuUn /krqls tks vFkZ fudyrk gS
og fujkdkj ijd gSA jkedk vFkZ gSµ tks lcesa je.k djs og jke
gS vFkok ;ksxh yksx ftlesa je.k djsa og jke gSA
gfj] jke] Ñ".k ;s rhuka]as rhuksa gh ;qxesa gq,] ;s lfPpnkuUn?ku

vius rks lkjs dke Hkxoku~osQ fy;s djus gSaA tks Hkxoku~osQ
dke ugha gSa ;kuh ikideZ] os dke ugha djus pkfg;sA ftl dkels
Hkxoku~ jkth gksrs gSa og Hkxoku~dk dke gSA ftl dkeosQ fy;s
Hkxoku~dh vkKk gS og Hkxoku~dk dke gSA ftl dkeosQ fy;s
Hkxoku~us vkKk ugha nh gS og Hkxoku~dk dke ugha gS] og ugha
djuk pkfg;sA tSls O;fHkpkj] Øks/] yksHk vkfnA desVh (ije&lsok
lfefr) osQ fu;eksadk ikyu djuk Hkh Hkxoku~dk gh dke gSA
jkx&}s"kls jfgr gksusij gh euq";dk dY;k.k gks ldrk gS] jkx&}s"k
jgrs dY;k.k ugha gks ldrkA
,d Hkxoku~dh gh bPNk djuh pkfg;s vkSj fdlh ckrdh
bPNk ugha j[kuh pkfg;sA fdlh ckrdh bPNk ugha j[kuh ;g
fu"dke Hkko gSA
Hkxoku~ ugha vk jgs gSa rks gekjs euesa inkFkksZadh bPNk gS
blhfy;s Hkxoku~osQ vkusesa nsjh gks jgh gSA
eerk osQoy Hkxoku~esa gh djuh pkfg;s] nwljkasesa eerk
djuk gh dyad gSA nwljksd
a h lsok djksA D;ksfa d blosQ fy;s Hkxoku~dh
vkKk gSA
viusdks rks xhrk vè;k; 12 'yksd la[;k 13 ls 19 rd
osQ vuqlkj cuuk pkfg;sA D;ksafd Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa ;ks en~HkDr% l
es fç;% A
fu"dkedeZ] HkxoUukedk ti vkSj Hkxoku~dk è;ku djusls
ikiksadk uk'k gksrk gSA tils ikiksadk uk'k gksrk gS vkSj è;kuls
fo{ksidk uk'k gksrk gS ,oa Hkxoku~dh Ñikls vkoj.kdk uk'k gksrk
gSA
HkfDr;ksxesa Hkxoku~dks gj le; ;kn j[kuk ;g [kkl ckr gSA
param sawa/09-7-11
72

Hkxoku~ jkth gksa og dke djsa

140

139

gh FksA Hkxoku~osQ ukeosQ Lo:idh tks Le`fr gS og cgqr nkeh gSA
oSjkX; blesa lgk;d gSA deZ;ksx] è;ku;ksx vkfn Lora=k lk/u gSaA
Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa tks esjk fuR;&fujUrj Lej.k djrk gS
mlosQ fy;s eSa lqyHk gw¡] mldks esjh çkfIr lgtesa gks ldrh gS
(xhrk 8@14)A
Hkxoku~us (xhrk 9@22) esa dgk gS tks vuU; Hkkols esjk
fpUru djrs gSa mudk eSa ;ksx{kse ogu djrk gw¡A tSls oqQyh Hkkjdks
ogu djrk gS mlh ekfiQd eSa mldk Hkkj <+ksrk gw¡A lk/d tgk¡ rd
igq¡p x;k gS ogk¡rd mldh j{kk djrk gw¡ vkSj tks vçkfIr gS
mldh eSa çkfIr djkrk gw¡A
Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa (xhrk 10@11) esa& mu fuR; fujUrj Hktu
djusokyksadks Kku nsrk gw¡A ;kuh mudk m¼kj djrk gw¡A Hkxoku~dks
gj le; ;kn j[kuk pkfg;sA jkf=kesa lksusosQ le; Hkxoku~dks ;kn
j[krs gqos lksuk pkfg;sA ,slk djusls tks jkf=kdk le; gS og
lk/u cu tkrk gSA lksrs&tkxrs] mBrs&cSBrs Hkxoku~dks ;kn j[ksa rks
mldk fu'p; gh dY;k.k gks tkrk gSA
Hkxoku~ xhrkthesa dgrs gS& euq"; ftl Hkkodks Lej.k
djrk gqvk 'kjhjdks NksM+dj tkrk gS ml mldks gh çkIr gks tkrk
gSA tSls oqQÙkk] fcYyh vkfndks Lej.k djrs gq, tkosxk rks mudks
çkIr gksosxkA tks esjsdks ;kn djrs gq, tkosxk og eq>dks çkIr
gksosxkA e`R;qdk oqQN irk ugha gS fdl le; vkos blfy;s gj le;
Hkxoku~dks ;kn j[kuk pkfg;s (xhrk 8@7)A
ftldh ftl ukeesa J¼k HkfDr gS mldks mlhdk ti]
Lej.k djuk pkfg;sA D;ksafd lc mlh Hkxoku~osQ uke :i gSa mldks
loksZifj ekuuk pkfg;sA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

bl le; /kfeZd iqLrd brus lLrs nkeksaesa feyrh gSa rFkk
lRlax Hkh cgqr lLrsesa fey tkrk gSA lks bl le; ykHk mBk ysuk
pkfg;sA ;g ,slk le; cgqr le; rd ugha jg ldrkA þúú o"kZ
igys rqylhnklth] dchjnklth] ehjkckbZ vkfn gq, Fks] ml le;
muls cgqrls vknfe;ksadk dY;k.k gqvk Fkk] rks og oSlk gh le;
bl le; vk;k gSA blls ykHk mBk ysuk pkfg;s ugha rks fiQj cgqr
i'pkÙkki djuk iM+sxkA blfy;s bl ckrdks le>dj viuk dke
tYnh&ls&tYnh cuk ysuk pkfg;s vkSj vkiyksxksadks ,sls le;esa
euq"; 'kjhj fey x;k gSA
nks"k viuk gS vkSj nwljksaij nks"k yxkoks ;g Hkh iki gSA
nwljksaosQ nks"kdks u lquuk] u ns[kuk] u dguk] buls ftl bfUæ;ksals
nks"kdk ns[kuk lquusdk dke djsaxs ogh bfUæ; nks"kh gks tkosxhA
nwljkasosQ ikiksadh ppkZ djrs gSa rks ikiksadh ppkZ djusokyk muosQ
ikiksadk c¡Vokjk djrs gSaA nks"k vius ns[kus pkfg;s vkSj xq.k nwljksadk
ns[kuk pkfg;sA
egkRekdh ijh{kkµ ftlosQ laxls viusesa nSoh lEinkosQ
y{k.k vkosa] Hkxoku~osQ è;kuesa fLFkfr gksos rks le>uk pkfg;s fd
;g iq#"k nSoh lEinkokyk gSA vxj vklqjh lEinkosQ y{k.k vkos
;kuh xhrk 16@21 osQ y{k.k gSa budk R;kx djuk] budks fo"kosQ
leku le>dj R;kx djuk pkfg;sA ftlus viuk dke cuk fy;k
,sls iq#"k yk[kksaesa ,d gksrs gSaA gtkjksaesa Hkh ugha feyrsA
ftuosQ laxls vPNs Hkkoksadh tkx`fr gksos] os vPNs iq#"k gSaA
Hkxoku~dk HkDr gksxk mlosQ n'kZuls Hkxoku~dh Le`fr vkSj Hkxoku~dh
;kn vkosxhA
oDrk ,slk gksuk pkfg;s tks [kqn djs vkSj cknesa dgs mldk
param sawa/09-7-11
73

Hkxoku~ jkth gksa og dke djsa

141

vlj iM+rk gSA osQoy dgs vkSj vki [kqn ikyu djs ugha mldk
vlj ugha iM+rkA
tgk¡ LokFkZ gS ogk¡ djkekr ugha gSA LokFkZ vkusosQ ckn
djkekr Hkkx tkrh gS ;kuh og egkRek ugha gSA tgk¡ Hkksx&foykl
gS ogk¡ Hkh egkRek ugha gSA tgk¡ djkekr gS og rks Kku] HkfDr]
oSjkX;esa pwj (eLr) jgrs gSaA mPpdksfVosQ iq#"k dHkh viusdks Js"B
ugha crkosaxsA nwljs vkneh Js"B crkosaxs rks og yfTtr gks tkosaxsA
eu yxkusosQ fy;s Hktu djuk pkfg;sA ftl Hktudk
vuqHko djosQ çg~ykn dgrk gS fd firkth ns[k yks ;g vfXu
B.Mh gSA
vkS"k/ D;k gS\ jkeukedk tiA lk/ddks bu rhuksa ckrksaij
fo'ks"k è;ku j[kuk pkfg;sA tks Hkxoku~osQ fy;s vkSj Hkxor~ çseosQ
fy;s lc phtsa viZ.k djusdks rS;kj ugha ,oa ftlosQ ân;esa
Hkxoku~osQ fy;s tyu ugha] og HkDr oSQlk\ vxj ?kjdk ,d
vkneh fcxM+rk gS rks ?kj cnuke gksrk gSA lektdk vkneh fcxM+rk
gS rks lekt cnuke gksrk gSA vxj Hkkjrdk usrk fcxM+rk gS] rks
Hkkjr cnuke gksrk gSA vxj HkDr fcxM+rk gS rks Hkxoku~dks cnuke
djrk gSA exj Hkxoku~dk mlls dksbZ lEcU/ ugha jgrk gSA
(;g ys[k isM ua- 88 i`"B la[;k 17 ls 22 rd ls fy;k x;k gS)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k----------

142
AA Jhgfj% AA

ej.kklUu O;fDrdks HkxoUuke lqukuk
vf/d egÙodk gS
(çopu ua- 32)

LoxkZJe] laor~ 1998
fnukad 1&5&1941

D;k lqukosa Çksx lquuk ugha pkgrs vkSj lqurs gSa rks oSlk
dke ugha djrsA ejrs gq, euq";dh Vêðh&is'kkc lkiQ djuk cM+h
lsok gSA ij og rks nwj] ej.kklUu O;fDrdks Hkxoku~dk uke vkSj
dhrZu lqukuk Hkh eqf'dÇ gks jgk gS (;kuh ej.kklUu O;fDrdks
Hkxoku~dk uke lqukusdks Hkh yksx rS;kj ugha gksrs gSa)A blosQ fy;s
Hkxoku~us dgk gSµ vUrdkÇs p ekeso LejUeqDRok (xhrk ø@ÿ)
bl 'yksdesa Hkxoku~us dg fn;k fd esjk gh Lej.k djrk gqvk
'kjhjdks NksM+dj tkrk gS mldh eqfDresa dksbZ 'kadkdh ckr ughaA
blesa dksbZ 'kadk djs rks D;k dgsa\
eSa rks le>rk gw¡ fd ;gk¡ þúú vknfe;ksadks lRlax lqukusdh
vis{kk ej.kklUu O;fDrdks HkxoUuke lqukuk vf/d vPNk gSA
D;ksafd ;fn ,d O;fDr dk Hkh HkxoUuke lqukusls dY;k.k gks x;k
rks esjk rks dke cu x;kA Kkudh n`f"Vls rks lHkh vkRek gSa] fdlh
Hkh 'kjhjdh vkRekdk dY;k.k gqvk rks viuk gh rks dY;k.k gqvk]
D;ksafd og viuh gh rks vkRek gSA
,d HkkbZ jkr&fnu rks bl rjg ej.kklUu O;fDrdks HkxoUuke
lquk ugha ldrk u ekÇwe fdlosQ lqukusdh ikjhesa oSlk vPNk ekSdk
vkosA gesa rks dksbZ ;qfDrls le>k ns fd ;g (ej.kklUu O;fDrdks
HkxoUuke lqukusdk dke) Hktu] lRlaxls c<+dj ughaA HkxoUuke

ej.kklUu O;fDrdks HkxoUuke lqukuk----

144

143

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

blij fopkj djusls ;gh ckr vkrh gS fd lc dke
NksM+dj ;g (ej.kklUu O;fDrdks HkxoUuke lqukusdk) dke djuk
cM+h mÙke ckr gS] Hktu&lRlaxls Hkh c<+dj gS] lcls c<++dj gSA
eqfDrls] dY;k.kls c<+dj gSA bldh efgek cgqr vf/d gSA
ejusokys O;fDrosQ ikl Hkxoku~dk uke] xhrk lqukuk vkSj og lqurs
gq;s ej x;k rks mldk dY;k.k gS gh] viuk Hkh dY;k.k gSA ;g
dke lcls c<+dj gS] ,sls voljdh [kkst djus dh ps"Vk djuh
pkfg;s] yksHkh vkneh dh rjgA vr% ej.kklUu O;fDrdks Hkxoku~dk
uke] xhrk lqukuk ;g dke lcls c<+dj le>dj djuk pkfg;sA

lqukuseas viuk rks Hktu gksrk gS vkSj nwljsdks Hkh lquusdks feÇrk gSA
,d ckr gS& dksbZ chekj gS] dksbZ ej jgk gS] mldh lsok
djusesa cM+h nkeh ckr gSA mldks HkxoUukedk ti] xhrkth lqukuk
cM+k dY;k.kdkjh gSA
ej.kklUu O;fDrdks xhrk&ikB] jke&uke] ukjk;.kdk&uke
lquk jgs gSa vkSj og lqurs&lqurs ej x;k rks mldks rks Hkxoku~dh
çkfIr gks xbZ] lqukusokysdks D;k feyk\ mlij Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa&
gs vtqZu ! tks xhrkdks esjs HkDrksadks lqukos og esjh HkfDrosQ }kjk
eq>s çkIr gks tk;xkA bl çdkj djusokyk eq>s cgqr I;kjk gS] ,slk
I;kjk u dksbZ nwljk gqvk gS u gksxk] ;g Hkxoku~dk okD; gSA
,d vkneh gS tks ÿú o"kksZals lk/u dj jgk gS mldk ;fn
vius }kjk uke lqukus ls dY;k.k gksrk gS] rks viuk Hkh dY;k.k rks
gks gh x;k] uke lqukusdk ÝQy rks fey x;kA
viuk euq"; tUe dY;k.kosQ okLrs gSA ;fn viuk dY;k.k
ugha gqvk vkSj vius }kjk nwljsdk dY;k.k gks x;k rks viuk rks
dY;k.k gks gh x;kA tks nwljsdks Hkkstu djkos vkSj [kqn ;fn miokl
gh djrk gS rks fÝQj og [kkusls Hkh c<++dj gSA vius }kjk gtkjksa
cSoqQ.B tkrs gSa rks [kqn ujdesa tkos rks mlls Hkh c<+dj gS] ogk¡
tkdj Hkh ujdosQ thoksadk dY;k.k djsaA ,slk djusls rks mldks
Hkxoku~dh inoh feys D;ksafd Hkxoku~dk dke gS thoksadk m}kj
djuk] rks vius thoksadk m}kj djrs gSa rks Hkxoku~gh gSaA ,slh
mldh (ej.kklUu O;fDrdks uke lqukus dh) efgek gSA ik¡p
feuV ej.kklUu O;fDrdks HkxoUuke lqukusls tks ykHk gksrk gS
og üú o"kZesa Hkh lk/u djusls ugha gksrk] bldh efgek gh
,slh gSA

(;g çopu isM ua-&22 i`"B&67 ,oa
isM ua- 114 i`"B&47 ls fy;k x;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

param sawa/09-7-11
75

145

146

AA Jhgfj% AA

ûúú ejusokÇsosQ ikl tkusokÇsdh eqfDr gks tkrh gSA oSjh&'k=kq gks]
rks ogk¡ Hkh tkosA
(û) ejusokÇk O;fDr HkxoUuke lquuk pkgs vkSj ?kjokÇs
Hkh pkgsa] rks dhrZu ;k HkxoUuke lqukuk ,d uEcj gSA
(ü) ejusokÇs O;fDrdks Kku ugha] ij ?kjokÇs lqukuk pkgsa]
rks nks uEcj gSA
(ý) ejusokÇk O;fDr HkxoUuke lquuk pkgs fdUrq ?kjokÇs
ugha pkgsa] rks Hkh lqukos ;g rhu uEcj gSA
(þ) ejusokÇk O;fDr HkxoUuke lquuk ugha pkgrk] fdUrq
?kjokÇs lqukuk pkgsa rks ;g pkj uEcj gSA
;gk¡ rd rks dj ÇsaA fdUrq dksbZ ugha pkgs rc dksbZ mik;
ugha gSA cqÇkus vk tkosa (ej.kklUu O;fDrdks HkxoUuke lquokusosQ
fÇ,) rks le>s Hkxoku~dk cqÇkok vk;k gSA
nwjls vkusokÇs Hkkoqd vkneh xhrkçsldks rhFkZ ekurs gSaA
okLroesa ;g rhFkZ ugha gS fdUrq J¼kÇqosQ fÇ;s mldh HkkoukosQ
vuqlkj ÇkHk gks Hkh tkrk gSA ç/ku rks Hkko gh gSA xhrkçsl rks
okLroesa Hkxoku~dh gS] pkgs dksbZ ekus ;k u ekusA blfy;s ;gk¡
cgqr mnkjrkdk O;ogkj djuk pkfg;sA vkSj pkj ckrksadk [;kÇ
djuk pkfg;s& çse] fou;] R;kx vkSj vfHkekudk R;kxA

rRdky eqfDr pkfg;s rks ej.kklUu
O;fDrdks HkxoUuke lqukosa
(çopu ua- 33)

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

fnukad 22&05&1957
le; çkr% 8-15 cts

ejusokÇsdh [kcj lqudj rRdkÇ dhrZu vkfndh O;oLFkk
djuh pkfg;sA
çR;sd euq";dks ,d {k.k eqfÙkQosQ fÇ;s feÇrh gS ;fn oSlk
{k.k pkfg;s rks ejusokÇsoQs dhrZuosQ fÇ;s 'kkfeÇ gks tkvksA ftrus
dhrZu lqukusokys 'kkfeÇ gq, lc eqfÙkQosQ vf/dkjh gks x;sA tc
fdlhdh gR;k djusoQs fÇ;s 'kkfeÇ gksuis j lcdks i¡Qklh gksrh gS rc
ejusokÇksd
a ks dhrZu lqukuseas lcdh eqfDr D;ksa ugha gksxh\ ogk¡ tkdj
HkxoUuke lqukus osQ fy, /juk Çxk nsAa bl dkeosQ fÇ;s le; nsuk
lcls T;knk nkeh gSA
bl dkeosQ fy;s Hktu] è;ku] lRlax NksM+ nksA viuh
t:jh&ls&t:jh pht (dke] oLrq) NksM+ nksA ;g cgqr T;knk
egRodh ckr gSA xhrkçsldk HkkbZ gksos rks çsldks rkÇk Çxk nksA
gjts (uqdlku)&dks cnkZLr dj ÇksA vkx Çxus ij vkx cq>kuk rks
ÇkSfdd ÇkHk gSA fdUrq ejusokÇsdh eqfDrdh O;oLFkk djuk
vkè;kfRed ÇkHk gSA vxj ik¡p txg (ej.kklUu O;fDrdks
Hkxou~&uke lqukusdh) ps"Vk (ç;kl) djrs gSa vkSj ,d txg
liQÇrk feÇ tkos rks Hkh ÇkHk esa gSaA
lkS tusr (ckjkr)&esa tkusokÇk T;knk va'kesa ujdesa tk;sxkA

(;g çopu isM ua-&22 i`"B&48 ls fy;k x;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

param sawa/09-7-11
76

147

148

AA Jhgfj% AA

AA Jhgfj% AA

Hkxoku~osQ è;kuesa e`R;q gks rks
vkuUn&gh&vkuUn gS

lcdk dY;k.k gks ;g Hkko j[ks

(çopu ua- 34)

LoxkZJe] xaxkrV oVo`{k
oS'kk[k Ñ- 3 laor~ 1998 lkseokj
fnukad 14&04&1941 çkr%

ç'uµ 'kkfUr fdlosQ euesa gksrh gS\
mrjµ ftlosQ fo{ksiksd
a k uk'k gks x;k gSA fo{ksiksoa Qs vHkkols
fpÙkesa fueZyrk gksrh gS&mlhdks 'kkfUr feyrh gSA vr% lkjh
bPNkvksadk R;kx djuk vkSj fdlh Hkh oLrqdh bPNk u djukA
vkRek gh egkRek gSA viuh vkRekls iwNs fd D;k pkgrs gks\ rks
mÙkj feys& fd oqQN ughaA ,slh voLFkkesa e`R;q gks tkos rks cl
dY;k.k gSA e`R;qdks rks fueU=k.k nsos& ,d fnu e`R;q rks gksxh gh&
ijekRekosQ è;kuesa e`R;q gksos rks vkuUn&gh&vkuUn gSA
(;g çopu isM ua-&56] i`"B&21 ls fy;k x;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

(çopu ua- 35)

xksj[kiqj] lu~& 1944
vklk<+ 'kq- 13] laor~ 2001

pkgs ftruk ykHk mBkoks lhek gh ughaA
ç'uµ eqfDrls Hkh D;k T;knk ykHk fey ldrk gS\
mÙkjµ gk¡ fey ldrk gSA tc rd lalkjesa ,d Hkh tho
gS rc rd ykHk mBk;k tk ldrk gSA viuh vkRekdh mUufr dj
ysuk mUufrdk vUr ugha gks x;kA u irudk vUr gS] u mUufrdkA
mUufrdk vUr gS] tc lcdk dY;k.k gks tk;A
vPNh Hkkoukdk cqjk iQy gksrk gh ugha] blfy;s vPNh
Hkkouk djuh pkfg;sA ukensothus oqQÙksesa Hkxoku~dh Hkkouk dh rks
dksbZ cqjk iQy ugha gqvkA Hkksxcqf¼ iru djusokyh pht gS]
bZ'ojcqf¼ ughaA
çg~yknus [kEHksesa Hkxoku~dh Hkkouk dh] rks Hkxoku~ çdV
gks x;sA ;g Hkkoukdk iQy gSA ijekRekdh çkfIr djkusdh viusesa
'kfDr ugha gksrs gq;s Hkh] dgha ijekRekdh çkfIr djkusosQ fy;s
Hkxoku~ viusdks fufeÙk cukos rks uk Hkh ugha djsA Hkxoku~us
dgk&fufeÙkek=ka Hko lO;lkfpu~ (xhrk ûû@ýý)A
bl çdkj tks vkneh viuh 'kfDr ugha le>s fd eSa
fdlhdk dY;k.k dj ldrk gw¡A vkSj tks ;g vfHkeku j[krk gS fd
eSa nwljsdks ijekRekdh çkfIr djk ldrk gw¡] og rks ugha djk
ldrkA tks ;g le>rk gS eSa ugha djk ldrk] vxj nwljk vkneh
mlij vkjksi.k djrk gS fd ;g ijekRekdh çkfIr djk ldrk gS]
bl çdkj fufeÙkek=k mls dksbZ cuk ysa rks cuk yksA ,d rks

lcdk dY;k.k gks ;g Hkko j[ks

149

fufeÙkek=kdh ;g ckr gS fd Hkxoku~ viusdks blosQ fy;s fufeÙk
cukos fd nwljksadks viuh çkfIrosQ fy;s rqedks fufeÙk cukrs gSa rks
uVuk ugha (euk ugha djs)A
nwljh ckr gS Hkxoku~ viusdks fufeÙk ugha cukos rks bl
dkeesa vius fufeÙk cu tkuk pkfg;s vkSj eku ys fd Hkxokuus~ gh
gesa fufeÙk cuk;k gSA Hkxoku~ dgsa eSaus rks rqEkdks ;g inoh nh ugha]
rks dgs vkius ugha nh geus tcjnLrh Nhu yhA tSls dksbZ vkneh
ejusokyk gks og viusdks fufeÙk cukdj Hktu&è;ku lquuk pkgs]
;k og ugha cqykos rks vius gh pydj dgks fd dhrZu lqukosa \
xhrkth lqukosa \ og dgs lqukoks bl txg vius fufeÙk cusA bl
çdkjdh ik¡p&pkj txg rtcht (;qfDr) yxkbZ vkSj ,d vknehdh
Hkh eqfDr gks xbZ rks viuk rks thou liQy gks x;kA euq";dk
thou rks dY;k.k djusosQ fy;s feyk FkkA vius viuk ugha dj
losQ vkSj nwljsdk dY;k.k dj fn;k rks viusdks /ks[kk ugha ekuuk
pkfg;s fd viuk dY;k.k ugha gqvkA
dksbZ dgs vkiesa dY;k.k djusdh 'kfDr gS rks bl ckrdks
Lohdkj ugha djsA dksbZ iwNs fd vki bZ'ojdh çkfIr djk ldrs gks D;k\
rks dgs ugha] esjh lkeF;Z ugha gS] bZ'ojdh Ñikls gks ldrh gSA
dksbZ iwNs fd ijekRekdh çkfIrdk ik=k fdl rjg gksm¡Q\ rks
mls dgs fd ijekRekdh 'kj.k gks tkvksA oSQls 'kj.k gksosa\ mls crk
nsosa fd ,sls&,sls 'kj.k gksuk pkfg;sA ;g fufeÙk cuuk gqvkA viuh
'kfDr ekudj fufeÙk er cuksA
og dgs gesa rks vkius gh ijekRekdh çkfIr djk nhA rks og
dgrk jgs] mlij è;ku er nksA ,d vkneh xkyh nsrk gS vkSj ,d
ç'kalk djrk gS] nksuksadks er lquksA
(;g çopu isM ua-& 63 i`"B& 52 ls fy;k x;k gSA)

150
AA Jhgfj% AA

e`R;q&le;osQ mipkj
(çopu ua- 36)

fgUnw&tkfresa euq";osQ ejusosQ le; ?kjokÇs mldk ijÇksd
lq/kjusosQ cgkus oqQN ,sls dke dj cSBrs gSa ftlls ejusokÇs
euq";dks cM+h ihM+k gksrh gSA vr,o fuEufÇf[kr ckrksaij foÀks"k
è;ku nsuk pkfg;sµ
ûµ ;fn jksxh nks&rhu eaftÇ mQij gks rks ,slh gkÇresa mls
uhps Çkusdh vkoÀ;drk ughaA
üµ [kfV;kij lks;k gqvk gks rks ogha jgus nsuk pkfg;sA
ýµ ;fn [kfV;kij ejusesa oqQN cge gks vkSj uhps mrkjdj
lqÇkusdh vkoÀ;drk le>h tk;s rks vuqekuls e`R;qdkÇosQ nks&pkj
fnu igÇsls gh mls [kkVls uhps mrkjdj tehuij ckÇw fcNkdj
lqÇk nsA ckÇw ,slh uje gksuh pkfg;s tks mlosQ Àkjhjesa dgha xM+s
ughaA nks&pkj fnu ;k nks&pkj igj igÇsdk irk oS|ksals iwNdj]
jksxhosQ Ç{k.k ns[kdj vkSj cM+s&cw<+s vuqHkoh iq#"kksals lÇkg djosQ
vUnkt dj ÇsA jksxh vPNk gks tk; rks okil [kfV;kij lqÇkusesa
dksbZ vkifÙk gS gh ugha] ;fn vUnktls igys mldk çk.kkUr gks x;k
rks Hkh oqQN gkfu ugha gS cfYd e`R;qdkÇesa uhps mrkjdj lqÇkusesa
tks d"V gksrk gS] mlls og cp x;kA nks&pkj fnu igÇs jksxhdks
vuqeku gks tk; rks mls Lo;a gh dg nsuk pkfg;s fd eq>s uhps lqÇk
nksA
þµ ml voLFkkesa e`R;qls igÇs mls Luku djkusdh dksbZ
vkoÀ;drk ugha] blls O;FkZesa mldk d"V c<+rk gSA eÇ oxSjg

e`R;q&le;osQ mipkj

152

151

lkiQ djuk gks rks xhys xeNsls /hjs&/hjs iksaNdj lkiQ dj nsuk
pkfg;sA
ÿµ bl voLFkkesa xaxktÇ] rqÇlh nsuk cM+k mÙke gS] ijUrq
mls fuxyusesa DysÀk gksrk gks rks rqÇlhdk iÙkk ihldj mls
xaxktÇesa feÇkdj fiÇk nsuk pkfg;sA ,d ckjesa ,d rksÇsls
vf/d tÇ ugha nsuk pkfg;sA nl&ik¡p fefuV ckn fiQj fn;k tk
ldrk gSA xaxktÇ cgqr fnuksadk foLokn u gks] igÇs Lo;a p[kdj
fiQj jksxhdks nsuk pkfg;sA ftlesa xU/ vkus Çxh gks] tks dM+ok gks
x;k gks og ugha nsuk pkfg;sA rktk xaxktÇ dghals gh e¡xk Çsuk
pkfg;sA xaxktÇesa Àkqf¼] vÀkqf¼ ;k LiÀkkZLiÀkZdk dksbZ fo/ku ugha
gSA jksxh eq¡g can dj Çs rks mls oqQN Hkh ugha nsuk pkfg;sA
öµ jksxhosQ ikl cSBdj ?kjdk jksuk ugha jksuk pkfg;s vkSj
lalkjdh ckrsa mls ;kn ugha fnÇkuh pkfg;sA ekrk] L=kh] ifr] iq=k
;k vkSj fdlh Lusghdks mlosQ ikl cSBdj viuk nq%[k lqukuk ;k
jksuk ugha pkfg;sA mlosQ euosQ vuqoQw Ç mldh gj rjgls dY;k.ke;h
lsok djuh pkfg;sA
÷µ MkDVjh ;k ftlesa vifo=k inkFkksZadk la;ksx gks ,slh
nok ugha f[kÇkuh pkfg;sA
øµ tgk¡rd psr jgs ogk¡rd Jhxhrkth dk ikB vkSj mldk
vFkZ lqukuk pkfg;sA psr u jgusij Hkxoku~dk uke lqukuk mfpr gSA
xhrk i<+usokÇk u gks rks igÇsls gh Hkxoku~dk uke lqukosA
ùµ ;fn jksxh Hkxoku~osQ lkdkj ;k fujkdkj fdlh :idk
çseh gks rks lkdkjokÇsdks Hkxoku~dh Nfc ;k ewfrZ fn[kÇkuh pkfg;s
vkSj mlosQ :i rFkk çHkkodk o.kZu lqukuk pkfg;sA fujkdkjosQ
çsehdks fujkdkj czãosQ Àkq¼] cks/Lo:i] KkuLo:i] lr~] ?ku]

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

fuR;] vt] vfoukÀkh vkfn foÀks"k.kksaosQ lkFk vkuUn ÀkCn tksM+dj
mls lqukuk pkfg;sA
ûúµ ;fn dkÀkh vkfn rhFkksZaesa Çs tkuk gks rks mls iwN ÇsA
mldh bPNk gks] ogk¡rd igq¡pusesa ÀkÄïk u gks] oS|ksadh lEefr feÇ
tk;] mrus #i;s [kpZ djusdh ÀkfÙkQ gks rks ogk¡ Çs tk;A
ûûµ çk.k fudÇusosQ ckn Hkh de&ls&de iaæg&chl
feuV rd fdlhdks [kcj u nsA HkxoUukedk dhrZu djrs jgsa
ftlls ogk¡dk ok;qe.MÇ lkfÙod jgsA jksusdk gYÇk u gks] D;ksafd
ml le;dk jksuk çk.khosQ fÇ;s vPNk ugha gSA
ûüµ ?kjokÇs le>nkj gksa rks mudks jksuk ugha pkfg;sA nwljs
Çksxksadks Hkh muosQ ikl vkdj mUgsa osQoy lgkuqHkwfrosQ ÀkCn
lqukdj #Çkusdh ps"Vk ugha djuh pkfg;sA
ûýµ Àkksd&fpÉ ckjg fnurd gh j[kuk pkfg;sA
ûþµ ckjg o"kZls de mezosQ ÇM+osQ&ÇM+fd;ksadh e`R;qdk
Àkksd u eukosA
ûÿµ e`rdosQ fÇ;s ÀkksdlHkk u dj viuh lko/kuhosQ
fÇ;s lHkk djuh pkfg;sA ;g ckr ;kn djuh pkfg;s fd blh çdkj
,d fnu gekjh Hkh e`R;q gksxhA
ûöµ thoUeqÙkQ iq#"kdh e`R;qij Àkksd u djs] ,slk djuk
mldk vieku djuk gSA
(;g ys[k xhrkçslosQ laLFkkid ijeJ¼s; lsBth Jht;n;kythdh iqLrd
^rÙo&fpUrkef.k* dksM ua- öøý i`"B l[;k ûúý ls fy;k x;k gSA)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k-----------param sawa/09-7-11
79

153

154
AA Jhgfj% AA

AA Jhgfj% AA
(xhrkçsl] dY;k.kosQ vkfn lEiknd)

ije J¼s; (HkkbZth) Jhguqekuçlknth
iksíkj dk vuqHko

mu fnuksa ,d vuqHko rks bUgsa (dY;k.k lEiknd HkkbZth
Jhguqekuçlknth iksíkjdks) ,slk gqvk fd ftlosQ fy;s cM+s&cM+s
;ksxh&eqfu Hkh ykykf;r jgrs gSaA xksj[kiqjesa ,d fnu lRlaxosQ
le; mUgksaus mldk o.kZu djrs gq, Lo;a dgk Fkk fd cEcbZdh ckr
gSA eSa lkxjey xusMh+ okysoQs lkFk lwjnkldk ukVd ns[kusdks tkusokyk
FkkA lkxjeydk ?kj jkLrsesa gh FkkA lkxjeyus dgkµpyks ?kj
pydj ikuh ih ysaA eSaus Lohdkj dj fy;k vkSj ge nksuksa mlosQ ?kj
igq¡psA ?kj igq¡pusij JhHkxoUukeosQ lEcU/esa ckr py iM+hA
lkxjeydk dguk Fkk fd HkxoUuke tidk] Hkxor~&Le`frosQ lkFk
gksusls gh fo'ks"k iQy gksrk gSA eSa dgrk Fkk fd ugha] fdlh Hkkols
tkus ;k vutkusesa] vUr le; ^jk* vkSj ^e* ;s nks v{kj eq[kls
fudy x;s rks çk.khdh ln~xfr gksxh ghA blesa rfud Hkh lUnsg
ugha gSA bl ea=kosQ v{kjksaesa gh ,slh 'kfDr gSA ;g lqudj lkxjeyus
dgkµvkj- ,- ,e- (Ram)µ^jke* dk vFkZ vaxt
sz hesa es<a k+ gksrk gSA
;fn dksbZ vaxt
sz ejrs le; es<a o+s Qs Hkkols ^jke* iqdkj mBs rks mldh
D;k ln~xfr gks tk;xh\ mlosQ Kkuesa jkedk vFkZ esa<+sosQ vfrfjDr
oqQN gS gh ughaA cksyks D;k mÙkj gS\ rks eSaus dgkµesjs fo ÜÒklosQ
vuqlkj rks mldh ln~xfr gks gh tkuh pkfg;sA ;g ckr rks gks gh
jgh Fkh fd gBkr~ esjk cká Kku tkrk jgkA esjs us=k [kqys gq, Fks ij
ckgjls oqQN Hkh gks'k ugha jgkA us=k [kqys gq, T;ksa&dk&R;ksa mlh
LFkkuij cSBk jgkA eq>s bruk Lej.k gS fd eq>s ml le;
ouos"k/kjh Hkxoku~ Jhjke] y{e.k vkSj lhrkosQ n'kZu gq,A fdruh
nsjrd n'kZu gksrs jgs] ;g ;kn ughaA ckrsa Hkh gqbZ Fkh] ij lc ckrsa
Lej.k ugha jghA osQoy nks ckrsa ;kn jghaA ,d rks Hkxoku~us dgk

JhHkkbZthdk vuqHko

155

Fkkµfdlh çdkj Hkh uke ysusokysdh ln~xfr gh gksxhA nwljh ;g
fd Hkxoku~us HkDr fo".kqfnxEcjth xk;ukpk;Zdk blh flyflysesa
uke fy;k FkkA blosQ vfrfjDr vkSj oqQN Hkh ;kn ugha jgkA gks'k
vkusij nwljs fnu lkxjeyus eq>ls dgk fd rqe ml le; dg jgs
Fks fd ^;g Hkxoku~ gSa] buosQ pj.k idM+ yks* vkfn&vkfnA ij eq>s
u rks ckgjdk Kku Fkk] u eSaus vius Kkuesa oqQN dgk gh FkkA vLrq]
bl çdkj lkjh jkr chr x;hA eq>s ckáKku ugha gqvkA vc
lkxjey ?kcM+k x;k fd bls D;k gks x;k\ vkf[kj mlus esjk gkFk
idM+dj [kM+k fd;k] idM+s gq, gh eq>s lhf<+;ksals uhps mrkj yk;kA
fiQj mlh rjg esjs ?kj eq>s ys vk;kA ?kj vkusij eq>ls dgk fd
'kkSp gks vkvks] ij eq>s rks fcYoqQy gh gks'k ugha Fkk fd ckgj D;k
gks jgk gSA blfy;s eSaus mls dksbZ mÙkj ugha fn;kA eq>s mlh rjg
ckáKku 'kwU; ns[kdj mlus eq>s ikuhosQ uyosQ uhps fcBk fn;kA esjs
ljij tydh /kj fxjus yxh vkSj Lo;a lkxjeyth uke&dhrZu
djus yxsA vc tkdj eq>s dgha /hjs&/hjs ckáKku gqvkA mlh fnu
nksigjosQ le; Jhfo".kqfnxEcjth eq>ls feysA eSaus mUgsa lkjh ?kVuk
lquk nh] lqudj os jksus yxsA
(;g ys[k xhrk okfVdk xksj[kiqjdh iqLrd ^JhHkkbZth] ,d vykSfdd
foHkwfr* ls fy;k x;k gS)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k----------

156
AA Jhgfj% AA

xksfoUnjketh iksíkj jrux<+oQs çfrf"Br xYysoQs Fkksd O;kikjh
,d fnu HkkbZthosQ lkeus xn~xn~ Lojesa cksys fd viuh djuh rks
,slh ugha ns[krk ij vkidh n;kyqrkdh vksj ns[kdj ,d çkFkZuk
djuk pkgrk gw¡ fd vfUre le;esa eq>s Hkxoku~osQ n'kZu djkusdh
Ñik vo'; gh djsaA HkkbZthus mÙkj fn;k fd vkidh fu"Bk gks rks
dkSu&lh cM+h ckr gSA
e`R;qosQ oqQN le; iwoZ ;s chekj gks x;sA ihBij fo"kSyk
iQksM+k gks x;k] ftldk fo"k 'kjhjesa iSQyus yxkA MkDVj fujk'k gks
x;sA HkkbZth chp&chpesa muls feyus tkrs rks os Hkxoku~oQs n'kZuksoa kyh
ckr mUgsa ;kn fnyk nsrsA fLFkfr xEHkhj ns[kdj HkkbZthus muosQ
lehi v[k.M&ladhrZu 'kq# djk fn;kA os Hkh Hkjld uke tidh
ps"Vk djrs jgsA
dkfrZd 'kqDy ûÿ laor~ ûùùø osQ fnu ,d O;fDr muosQ
?kjls nkSM+rk gqvk HkkbZthosQ ikl vk;k fd mudh fLFkfr cgqr
[kjkc gS] vki tYnh pfy;sA HkkbZth ckck (jk/k ckck) dks lkFk
ysdj muosQ ?kj x;sA HkkbZth le> x;s fd vc ;s FkksM+h gh nsjosQ
esgeku gSaA HkkbZthus ckckdks dgkµ^^tcrd eSa u vk tkm¡Q vki
er tkb;sxkA eSa tYnh gh vkrk gw¡A** ckck chp&chpesa mUgsa
vk'oklu ns jgs Fks fd uke er Hkwfy;sA mUgksaus cM+s d#.k Lojesa
dgkµµ^^ckck] rdyhiQ cgqr gS] uke fy;k ugha tkrkA**
e`R;qosQ nks ?k.Vs iwoZ HkkbZth viuh eLrkuh pkyls pyrs gq,
vk;sA ,sls le;esa HkkbZthdh ,d foy{k.k eqæk gks tkrh Fkhµ,d
xaHkhj çlUurkiw.kZ eqæk] ekuksa fdlhdks igq¡pkus vk;s gksaA HkkbZth

JhHkkbZthdk vuqHko

157

158

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo
AA Jhgfj% AA

muosQ ikl cSB x;s vkSj cksysµ^^uke ti dhft;s] lkeus Hkxoku~dks
nsf[k;sA** gBkr~ os rsthls uke&ti djus yxsA HkkbZth cksysµnsf[k;s
buosQ fdruh rsthls uke&ti gks jgk gSA lc yksx ns[kus yxsµoSQlk
tknw gks x;kA vHkh oqQN {k.k igys ihM+kosQ dkj.k uke ugha ys
ldrs Fks] vc thHk e'khudh rjg uke&ti dj jgh gSA HkkbZth
[ksydh rjg lc yksxksadks cqyk&cqykdj fn[kykus yxsA cksysµns[kks]
fdruk lqÑrh çk.kh gSA fdruh rsthls uke&ti dj jgs gSa yksx
gDosQ&cDosQls ns[k jgs FksA HkkbZthus muls iwNkµD;ksa ! Hkxoku~osQ
n'kZu gks jgs gSa u\ mUgksaus xnZu fgykdj viuh LohÑfr nhA HkkbZth
cPpsdh rjg mifLFkr yksxksl
a s dgus yxs ns[kks] ns[kks ;s dgrs gSa eq>s
Hkxoku~osQ n'kZu gks jgs gSaA vc rks yksxksaosQ iwNusdk rk¡rk&lk yx
x;kA mifLFkr ifjokj&okys] lRlaxh yxHkx üú&üÿ O;fDr;ksaus
muls iwNkµD;k Hkxoku~osQ n'kZu gks jgs gSa\ vkSj mUgksaus çR;sd ckj
xnZu fgykdj viuh LohÑfr nhA vk¡[ksa cUn Fkh ij iw.kZ psruk FkhA
lfUuikrdk dksbZ fpÉ ugha FkkA HkkbZth ckj&ckj yksxksl
a s dgrsµfdruh
foy{k.k ckr gSA foy{k.k <+axls eqLoqQjkrs jgsA blosQ ckn HkkbZthus
^^LFkkus â"khosQ'k ro çdhR;kZ** okyh Lrqfr dh ,oa cknesa xhrkthdk
lkrok¡ vè;k; lquk;kA blosQ ckn muosQ çk.k fudy x;sA

ç'uµ ejusokyk rks lalkjdk fpUru dj jgk gS] ij nwljk
O;fDr mldks HkxoUuke lquk jgk gS rks D;k mldk dY;k.k gks
tk;sxk\
mÙkjµ Hkxoku~us euq";dks vUrdkyesa fo'ks"k NwV nh gSA
vr% vUrdkyesa HkxoUuke lqukusls ogk¡ ;enwr ugha vk;saxsA nwljh
ckr] uke lqukusokysdk mís'; dY;k.k djusdk gS rks uke lqukusls
mldk dY;k.k gks tk;sxkA
(;g ç'u&mÙkj J¼s; Lokehthdh xhrkçslls çdkf'kr iqLrd
^ç'uksÙkjef.kekyk* dksM ua- 1175 ls fy;k x;k gS)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k----------

(;g ys[k xhrk okfVdk xksj[kiqjdh iqLrd ^JhHkkbZth] ,d vykSfdd
foHkwfr* ls fy;k x;k gS)
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k----------

param sawa/09-7-11
82

159

160
AA Jhgfj% AA
(ijeJ¼s; Lokehth Jhjkelq[knklth egkjktdk çopu)
fnukad 11@4@1992

AA Jhgfj% AA

uke&ti ,oa ije&lsok ij
ije J¼s; Lokehth Jhjkelq[knklth
egkjktosQ çopu

LFkku& lhaFky
le; 4-45

dksbZ chekj gks vkSj ej.kklUu gks rks mls dhrZu lqukvks]
HkxoUuke lqukvks] xhrkth lqukvksA mls vPNh&vPNh Hkxoku~dh
dFkk lqukvksA vkSj mls psr gks vkSj xhrkthesa çse gks rks xhrkth
lqukvks vkSj psr ugha gks] Hkko u tkus rks dhrZu vkSj HkxoUuke
lqukvksA
lka[; vkSj ;ksx ;s ftrus&ftrus lk/u gSa] mu lcdk
rkRi;Z D;k gS\ vkSj vius /eZesa fu"Bk gS mudk D;k eryc gS\ ;s
lka[;;ksx] deZ;ksx vkSj HkfDr;ksx rhuksa crk fn;sA tks dksbZ ?kjesa ejs
mls Hkxoku~dh ;kn fnykvksA dbZ yksx dgrs gSa NksVk ejrk gS rks
xhrk D;k lqukosa\ dbZ ekrkvksa] cguksa] Hkkb;ksaesa cM+k vKku jgrk gS
fd xhrk lquk nh vc rks ;s ej tk;sxkA ;s ckr ugha gS esjsdks rks
tkM+k (lnhZ) yxrk gS] 'khr yx tk,] chekj gksm¡Q rks dgrk gw¡
xhrk lquk nks HkkbZ ! xhrk lqukusls ns[kk gS vkneh ejrk FkksM+s gSA ,sls
xhrkth lqukusls FkksM+s gh dksbZ ejrk gSA xhrk dksbZ tgj FkksMs+ gSA ge
rks tc chekj gksrs gSa rks xhrk lquh gqbZ gS] xhrk ikB Hkh fd;k gS
vkSj cSBs gSa Vksih igudjA xhrkls dksbZ ejrk FkksM+s gh gS fd xhrk
lqukbZ fd vc ej tk;sxk] rks ;g xhrk gS dksbZ tgj FkksM+s gh gSA ;s
oge feVkvks ?kjesals ;g lc oge fudky nksA bl detksjhdks ns
nks ns'k fudkykA Hkxoku~dk Hktu djks vkSj lc yx tkvks blesaA
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k----------

ije J¼s; LokehthosQ çopu

161

162

AA Jhgfj% AA

Lokehthµ mldh #fp iSnk djksA
ç'uµ oks dgrk gks tksjls er cksyks /hjs&/hjs cksyks] rks
/hjs&/hjs cksyuk pkfg;s\
Lokehthµ rks /hjs&/hjs cksyksA ij mls uke lqukvksA
ç'uµ oks ej.kklUu O;fDr rks lquuk pkgrk gS ijUrq
mlosQ ?kjokys] iklokys yksx euk djrs gksa fd er lqukvks rc D;k
djs\a
Lokehthµ lqukvks] lqukvks vki] os dgrs jgs]a vki lqukvks]
os djrs jgsa euk ij vki t:j lqukvksA lquusokyk pkgrk gS rks
t:j lqukvksA
ç'uµ ml le; (ej.kklUu okysosQ) ?kjokyksadh ckr
ugha lquuh pkfg;s\
Lokehthµ uk] ugha lquuh pkfg;sA dksbZ (vkidh) cqjkbZ
djs rks lqu yks] ij mls oqQN cksyks erA mls uke lqukvks] dhrZu
lqukvks] ?kjokyksadh ckr er lquks ejusokysdh #fp gS rks t:j
lqukvksA
Jksrkµ dksbZ MkWDVj dg ns fd gYyk D;ksa djrs gks\
ysfdu mldh bPNk gS (HkxoUuke) lquusdh rks MkWDVjdh ijokg
ugha djuh pkfg;s\
Lokehthµ MkWDVj [kM+k jgs rc /hjs&/hjs cksyksA MkWDVj
pyk tk, fiQj fpYykvksA esjs dke iM+k gS] xksikynkldh ek¡ Fkh
dydÙksesa] esjsdks cqykusij eSa rqjUr x;k dydÙksA eSaus lquk dksbZ
dg jgk gS iqfylokyk ugha gS] ugha rks idMss+xk budks] gYyk djrk
gS chekjosQ iklesaA esjs vlj iM+k fd ;g yksx Hkxoku~dh ckr
lquuk ugha pkgrsA ge rks pqi gks x;s HkkbZ ! os pys x;s] fiQj geus

(ijeJ¼s; Lokehth Jhjkelq[knklth egkjktdk çopu)
fnukad 10- 08- 2002

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

LFkku& xhrk Hkou] LoxkZJe
le; % 3-30 cts

ç'uµ ije lsokosQ ckjsesa tkudkjh pkgrs gSaA lsBthus rks
;gk¡ ijelsokosQ fy;s cgqr oqQN dgk Fkk vkSj tks ej.kklUu O;fDr
gksrk gS mldks uke lqukusesa cgqr mRlkgdh ckr crkrs FksA vkiosQ
Jheq[kls Hkh yksxksadks ;g FkksM+h ijelsokosQ fo"k;esa tkudkjh fey
tk; ,slk fuosnu gSA
mÙkjµ (Lokehth }kjk)µ lsBth rks lRlax NksM+ djosQ
Hkh dksbZ ej jgk gks] rks ogk¡ tkrs vkSj lsBthus dgk Hkh gS fd ;g
lc dke NksM+ djosQ mldks uke lqukvksA oks tk jgk gS lnkosQ
fy;s] rks mldks HkxoUuke igys lqukvks] lRlax NksM+ nks] mlosQ
fy;s lc NksM+ nksA oks tk jgk gS mldks HkxoUuke lqukvks] ,slk
lsBth dgrs FksA
dydÙkkesa ,d desVh cukbZ gSA ml desVhosQ yksx tkrs gSa
tgk¡ dksbZ chekj gks mldh lsok djrs gSa] ogk¡ uke lqukrs gSa] dhrZu
lqukrs gSaA ckjh (ikjh) c¡/h gqbZ gS nks&nks ?k.VsdhA vius ;gk¡ Hkh
ckjh ck¡/ yks vkiyksx] HkkbZ;ksaosQ fy;s HkkbZ] dksbZ cgu chekj gks rks
cguksa viuh ckjh ck¡/ yks] nks&nks ?k.Vs mlosQ iklesa tkdj dhrZu
lqukvks] uke lqukvks] lsok djksA chekjdh lsokdk cM+k ekgkRE; gS]
og Hkxoku~dh lsok gS] Hkxoku~ lsok pkgrs gSaA bl okLrs Hkxoku~dh
lsok djksA
ç'uµ oks lquuk ugha pkgs rks egkjktth !
param sawa/09-7-11
84

ije J¼s; LokehthosQ çopu

163

164

HkxoUuke lquk;k mldksA ejusokyk lquuk pkgs rks lqukvks] t:j
lqukvks mldksA ;g cgqr cf<+;k ckr gS] ,d nks vknehdks lquk nsos
rks mls (lqukusokysdks) vUresa Hkxoku~dh Le`fr vkosxhA
Jksrkµ lqukusokysdks Hkh\
Lokehthµ gk¡ ! cgqr Hkkjh iq.; gS blesa] cgqr cM+k iq.;
gS ej.kklUudks Hkxoku~dh ;kn fnykuh] cgqr cM+k iq.; gS] og rks
cl tk jgk gS lalkjlsA lsBth rks lRlax NksM+dj (ej.kklUu
O;fDrdks HkxoUuke lqukus) tkrs FksA
Jksrkµ egkjkt th ! oks vkneh lRlaxh gS ysfdu vfUre
voLFkkesa mldh cqf¼esa dksbZ foÑfr vk xbZ] chekjh T;knk çHkkoh
gks xbZ mlij] ml le; ;fn oks euk djrk gS vkSj djrk rks og
viuh cqf¼ dh [kjkchls ghA vc mls HkxoUuke lqukosa fd ugha
lqukosas \
Lokehthµ iklesa cSBs&cSSBs jke jke jke jke--- djrs jgksA
Hktu djrs jgks mldk Hkh vlj iM+rk gSA vius rks mldk dY;k.k
pkgrs gSa ghA vc oks lqus ugha rks dksbZ D;k djs\ HkxoUuke lquk nks
mls] viusdks rks mls fdlh rjg Hkxoku~esa yxkuk gSA
Jksrkµ egkjktth ! ej.kklUu O;fDrus rks euk dj fn;k
ysfdu iklesa lRlaxh yksx cSBs gSa] oqQN yksx jke jke dj jgs gSa
mldks ugha lquk jgs gSaA mlls Hkh mldks iQk;nk gksxk D;k\
Lokehthµ gk¡ ! iQk;nk gksxk] t:j gksxkA ogk¡ ;enwr
ugha vkrsA tgk¡ uke ti gks jgk gS ogk¡ ;enwr ugha vkrsA
vtkfeyosQ vUr le;esa ukjk;.k ukeosQ mpkj.kls iklesa [kM+s
;enwrksadks ekj iM+h Hkxoku~osQ ik"kZnksals] rks blfy;s ;ejktosQ nwr
ugha vkrsA cgqr mRlkgls lqukvks] mRlkglsA lquuk pkgs rks cM+s

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

mRlkgls lqukvksA ?kjokys frjLdkj djsa] vieku djsa rks lg yks]
lc lg yksA pqi jg tkvks] cksyks erA ij mls uke lqukvksA dksbZ
dgs fd rqe ;g D;k djrs gks\ rks dgsa HkbZ ! ;g HkxoUuke lquuk
pkgrk gS blfy;s HkxoUuke lqukrs gSaA
Jksrkµ egkjktth ! dksbZ lRlaxh O;fDr vius ifjokjokyksd
a ks
;k vius fe=kksadks ;g dg ns fd ns[kks ! vHkh eSa tks vkidks dg
jgk gw¡ oks LoLFkrkls dg jgk gw¡ fd chekj voLFkkesa esjh cqf¼
[kjkc gks tk; vkSj eSa euk Hkh dj nw¡ rks Hkh vki uke lqukrs jguk]
rks mldks lqukrs jguk pkfg;s\
Lokehthµ gk¡ ! mldh uh;r Bhd gSA ukeij J¼k gS] çse
gS mldks t:j lqukvksA
Jksrkµ egkjktth ! ;gk¡ dHkh&dHkh ,slh nq?kZVuk gks tkrh
gS fd jkr Hkj ml e`r O;fDrdks j[kuk iM+rk gS] rks ogk¡ uke
lqukusokyksd
a k mRlkg ugha ns[kk tkrk fd ogk¡ij [kwc yksx tkosa vkSj
ml e`r O;fDrdks uke lqukos]a ,slk mRlkg ugha fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA
Lokehthµ mRlkg j[kuk pkfg;s] HkkbZ yksxksadks mRlkg
j[kuk pkfg;sA mldks uke t:j lqukuk pkfg;sA eksguykyth iVokjh
Fks] (lsBthosQ le;osQ lRlaxh) oks dgrs HkxoUuke lqukusosQ fy;s
jkf=kesa dksbZ ugha jgs oks le; gekjk j[kksA oks dgrs nwljk dksbZ
jkf=kosQ le; lqukuk pkgs ugha] rks ge lquk,xsaA oks dgrs nwljk dksbZ
ugha gks uke lqukusosQ fy;s og le; gesa crkvksA ,slk mRlkg Fkk
muosQA igys ;g ej.kklUu O;fDrdks HkxoUuke lqukusdh ckr cgqr
T;knk Fkh] vktdy yksxksea as oSlh ckr ugha jghA Lokeh Jh'kj.kkuUnth
egkjktus dgk fd ;gk¡ (xhrk&Hkou] LoxkZJeesa) ejusdk Hkh
çcU/ gS] vkSj lsBthdh ckrksd
a k (lRlaxdk) Hkh çcU/ gS] ej.kklUu
O;fDrdks Hkxoku~dk uke lqukrs gSa] ,slk çcU/ gjsd txg ugha
param sawa/09-7-11
85

ije J¼s; LokehthosQ çopu

165

gksrkA ejusokyksaosQ fy;s Hkh çcU/ gSA
Lokehthµ vius rks yxks vkSj yxkvks] Hkxoku~esa yxks vkSj
yksxksadks yxkvks vkSj le; dgh er yxkvks osQoy Hkxoku~esa le;
yxkvksA
'kra fogk; HkksÙkQO;a lgÏa Lukuekpjsr~ A
y{ka fogk; nkrO;a dksfVa R;DRok gfja Lejsr~ AA
vFkkZr~µ lkS dke NksM+dj Hkkstu djsa] ,d gtkj dke
NksM+dj Luku djsa] yk[k dke NksM+dj nku&/eZ djsa] djksM+ksa dke
NksM+dj Hkxoku~dk Lej.k djsaA
ej.kklUu O;fDrdks Hkxoku~dk Lej.k djkvks] djksM+ dke
fcxM+rk gks rks fcxM+ tkvks] ij mls uke lqukvksA lcls Js"B dke
gS ;gA vkSj oqQN fcxM+rk gks rks fcxM+us nks] dksbZ ijokg er djksA
gfjLe`fr% loZfoin~foeks{k.ke~ vFkkZr~& Hkxoku~dh Le`fr lc
foifÙk;ksadk uk'k djusokyh gSA bl okLrs ej.kklUu O;fDrdks
Hkxoku~dh Le`fr djkvks u"Vks eksg% Le`fryZC/k (xhrk ûø@÷ý) vc
Le`fr vk xbZA Hkxoku~dh Ñikls Le`fr iSnk gks tkrh gSA Hkxoku~dh
;kn vkrh gS Hkxoku~dh ÑiklsA
;g xqu lk/u rsa ufga gksbZ A rqEgjh Ñik¡ iko dksb dksbZ AA
(jk-p-ek-fdf"dU/kdk.M üû@ý)

;g ckr gSA Hkxoku~dh Ñikls gksrk gSA bl okLrs t:j yxkvks
fdlh rjgls Hkh Hkxoku~esa yxks vkSj yxkvksA
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k----------

166
AA Jhgfj% AA

(ijeJ¼s; Lokeh Jhjkelq[knklth egkjktdk çopu)
fnukad 03- 10- 1996

LFkkuµ iQksxyk vkJe] o`Unkou
le; 3-30 cts

HkxoUuke cgqr foy{k.k gS] bldh efgek vikj vkSj
vlhe gSA Hkxoku~ vkSj Hkxoku~dk uke bu nksuksd
a k foospu xksLokehth
egkjktus uke oUnukosQ çdj.kesa ukS nksgksaesa dgk gS] cM+s fofp=k
<axlsA mlesa ;gk¡rd dg fn;k gS fd uke jkethls Hkh vf/d gSA
jkepfjrekulesa cgqr foLrkjls dgk gSµ
jke ,d rkil fr; rkjh A uke dksfV [ky oqQefr lq/kjh AA
(jk-p-ek-ckydk.M&üþ@ü)

vFkZµ Jhjkethus ,d riLohdh L=kh (vfgY;k)&dks gh
rkjk] ijUrq ukeus djksM+ksa nq"Vksadh fcxM+h cqf¼dks lq/kj fn;kA
jkethus ,d_ vkSj riLohdh L=kh] riLohdh L=kh rks riLohdk
gh vk/k v¡x gS] ;kuh riLohdh L=kh rks ifo=k gksrh gS] og
vifo=k gks xbZ] ifrr FkksM+s gh FkhA rks jke ,d rkil fr; rkjh
;kuh ml riLohdh L=khdk m¼kj dj fn;k vkSj uke dksfV [ky
oqQefr lq/kjh djksM+ksa [ky] nq"V] ikih mudh oqQefr lq/kjh]
oqQcqf¼ lq/j xbZ] mudh cqf¼ lq/j xbZA fiQj xksLokehthus dgrs&dgrs
;gk¡rd dg fn;kµ
dgkSa dgk¡ yfx uke cM+kbZ A jkeq u ldfga uke xqu xkbZ AA
(jk-p-ek-ckydk.M&üö@þ)

vFkZµ eSa ukedh cM+kbZ dgk¡rd dg¡w] jke Hkh ukeosQ
xq.kksadks ugha xk ldrsA
ukeosQ xq.k dgk¡rd xkÅ¡] jketh Hkh vius ukedk xq.k xkus

ije J¼s; LokehthosQ çopu

167

168

yxsa rks xk ldrs ughaA jketh xkrs ugha gSa D;k\ ugha] xk ldrs
ughaA jkeq u ldfga uke xqu xkbZ ekuks Hkxoku~dh lkEkF;Z Hkh
[kRe gks tkrh gS] ukedh efgekesaA rks Hkxoku~ vuUr gSa vkSj vuUr
gh Hkxoku~dk uke gS] rks vuUrdk vUr oSQls dj nsa \ vuUr
ukekfu rks Hkxoku~osQ vuUr uke gSa vkSj ukedh efgek fiQj
vuUr gh gSA vHkh vtkfey mik[;ku lquk gS] mlesa ijhf{kr
?kcjk, fd ujdkad
s k bruk nq%[k oSQls Vysxk\ nq%[k Vysxk HkxoUukelsA
rks lTtuksa ! Hkxoku~osQ ukedh efgek lqurs gh HkxoUukeesa gh yx
tk,¡] lqudj HkxoUukeesa yx tk; rks mlus HkxoUukedh efgek
lquh] ugha rks lquh gh dgk¡\
tSls ge jktesa (ljdkjdks) dksbZ f'kdk;r djrs gSa vkSj ml
f'kdk;rosQ vuqlkj dk;ZokbZ ugha gksrh gS rks ge dgrs gSa fd lquokbZ
ugha gqbAZ blh rjgls tks Hkxoku~oQs ukedh efgek lqudj fiQj Hkh
rRijrkls HkxoUukeesa ugha yxrs gSa rks mUgksua s ukedh efgek lquh
ugha] muosQ ;gk¡ lquokbZ ugha gqbAZ ukedh efgekdk lk{kkRdkj
uke&ti djusls gksrk gS] lquusls lk/kj.k #fp gks tkrh gS ijUrq uke
ysul
s s tks mldk vuqHko gksrk gS oks osQoy lquusls ugha gksrkA cl
lqudj HkxoUukeesa yx tk;A tSls eksnd (yM~M)w gksrk gS] og
ns[kuseas vPNk yxrk gS ij [kkuseas tks yxrk gS oks ns[kuseas FkksMs+ gh
yxrk gSA blh rjgls uke ysul
s s ukedk irk yxrk gSA
,d laLÑrdk xzUFk gS&HkxoUuke dkSeqnhA mlesa bldk
fu.kZ; fd;k gS cM+k 'kkL=kkFkZ gqvk gS] mlesa ukedh efgek xkbZ gSA
mlesa ;g fo'ks"k volj gS fd dksbZ vkiQresa vk tk;] e`R;q vk
tk; ml le; uke fy;k tk;] vkSj ,slh vkiQr ftlls NqVdkjk
feyuk eqf'dy gks ml le; uke fy;k tk; mlosQ ukedh dher

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

cgqr T;knk gSA dkj.k fd ml le; lc rjgls o`fÙk;k¡ bdV~Bh gks
tkrh gS]a #d tkrh gSa vkSj mldk dksbZ lgkjk ugha gksrkA vtkfeyosQ
dksbZ lgkjk ugha] j{kkdk vkSj dksbZ mik; ugha mlosQ iklesa] ,sls
vlgk; gksdj mlus ukjk;.k dgdj csVsdks iqdkjkA vtkfeydh
ckr ,slh lquh gS fd lar vk;s Fks dUukStesa] dkU;oqQCt ,d 'kgj
gS ftls vktdy dUukSt dgrs gSaA ogk¡ cSBs oqQN yksxksals larksus
iwNk] HkkbZ ! bl xk¡oesa dksbZ vPNk Hkko&HkfDrokyk ?kj gS\ tgk¡ ge
jkf=kesa fuokl dj losaQ] fiQj gesa vkxs tkuk gSA rks yksxksaus muosQ
lkFk ,d fnYyxh dh fd gekjs ;gk¡ rks vtkfey cM+k HkDr gSA
lar Fks ljy] vkSj mudh ckr ekudj vtkfeyosQ bUrtkjesa mlosQ
?kjosQ ckgj cSB x;s] vtkfey vk;k vkSj muls iwNk egkjkt ! oSQls
vk;s\ rks larksaus dgk fd HkkbZ rsjk uke lqudj vk;s gSa ;gk¡ oqQN
yksx cSBs Fks mUgksaus dgk fd vtkfey cM+k HkDr gS bl okLrs ge
rsjk uke lquosQ vk x,A
vtkfeyus lkspk egkjkt /ks[ksesa vk x;sA mlus lkiQ dg
fn;k fd egkjkt ! eSa gw¡ rks czkã.k ij esjk [kku&iku lc Hkz"V gSA
ifrr gw¡ eSaA Tkks vkt vki vk x;s rks gekjk Hkkstu djks] rks
egkjktus dgk fd HkkbZ ge rqEgkjk Hkkstu ugha djsaxsA ,sls
ifrrdk vUu [kkusls ge [kqn ifrr gks tk;saxs] blfy;s ugha
[kk;saxsA vtkfeyus muls vuqu; fou; fd;k fd fdlh rjgls gh
vki gekjh ckr eku yksA eSa vkiosQ Hkkstudk ifo=krkosQ lkFk nwljh
txg çcU/ dj nw¡\ rks larksaus dgk rqe gekjh ckr ekuks rks ge
rqEgkjh ckr eku ldrs gSaA rks vtkfeyus dgk ckr ekuw¡xk ij ;s
ckr tks vki dgrs gks fd Hktu djks] ;s esjsls ugha gksxkA esjs
dke&/Uèkk cgqr jgrk gS] le; esjsdks feyrk ugha gSA vki dg
param sawa/09-7-11
87

ije J¼s; LokehthosQ çopu

169

170

nsa fd ekyk ysdj cSB tkvks] ;s ugha gksxk gekjs lsA ge x`gLFkh gSa
gekjs cky&cPps gSa mudk ikyu&iks"k.k djuk iM+rk gSA larksaus dgk
rqe ,slk djks fd vc tks rqEgkjs ckyd gksxk mldk uke ukjk;.k
j[k nsukA mlus ;s ckr Lohdkj dj yhA oks lUrksadh Ñikls j[kk
gqvk ukjk;.k uke mlosQ yM+osQ dk FkkA lUrksaosQ ân;esa Fkk mldk
m¼kj djuk vkSj m¼kj HkxoUukels gks tk;sxkA NksVs cPpseas ek¡&ckidk
Lusg T;knk gksrk gS] blfy;s ;g Lusgls uke ysxkA rks e`R;qosQ le;
vtkfeyosQ dksbZ lgkjk ugha] dksbZ lgk;d ugha] dksbZ j{kd ugha
FkkA osQoy cPpsdk uke fy;k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.kA pkj
v{kjdk uke Fkk rks pkj ik"kZn vk x;sA e`R;q le; HkxoUukedk
fo'ks"k volj (ekgkRE;) gksrk gSA lc rjiQls fujk'k gksdj ,d
ckj Hkxoku~dk uke fy;k tk;s rks csM+k ikj gSA
tc yx xt viuks cy cjr~;ks usd ljÔks ufga dke A
fucZy àS cyjke iqdkjÔks vk;ks vk/s
uke AA
jke dgrs gh lc rjiQls o`fÙk;k¡ gVdj ,d Hkxoku~esa yx
x;hA ,d vkljks ,d cy ,d vkl fcLokl A vuU; Hkkols
xtosQ Hkko gks x;kA
vtkfeyosQ euesa n`f"V iq=kdh gS ijUrq j{kk ukjk;.k djsxkA
rks mlus ukjk;.kdk uke vUrdkyesa fy;kA vUrdkyesa NwV gksrh
gSA euq";dks ekuo 'kjhj feyrk gS] osQoy viuk m¼kj djusosQ
fy;sA ,fg ru dj iQy fc"k; u HkkbZ_ euq"; 'kjhj m¼kj djusoQs
fy;s feyrk gS rks mez Hkj Hkxoku~dk Hktu djksA ijekRekdh
çkfIrosQ fy;s gh yx tk;¡A /u dekusosQ fy;s vkSj Hkksx HkksxusosQ
fy;s ;g 'kjhj ugha gSA ;g 'kjhj ijekRekdh çkfIrosQ fy;s gSA
pkSjklh yk[k ;ksfu;ksaesa ,d gh ,d euq"; 'kjhj ,slk gS tks

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

Hkxoku~dh çkfIrdk vf/dkjh gSA oks vf/dkj nsork vkfndks Hkh ugha
gS tks euq";dks gSA ,sls 'kjhjdks ikdj Hktuesa yx tkuk vPNk gSA
^vfuR;elq[ka yksdfeea çkI; HktLo eke~* vfuR; gS] lq[k gS ugha
bles]a bl euq"; 'kjhjdks ikdj esjk Hktu djA blosQ fy;s gh euq";
'kjhj gS rks jkr&fnu gj le; Hkxoku~eas yx tk;sA vtkfeyus tc
Hkxoku~oQs ik"kZnksl
a s HkxoUukedh efgek lquh rks cPpksd
a ks] L=khdks vkSj
?kjdks NksMd
+ j gfj}kj pyk x;k vkSj tkdj HkxoUukeesa gh yx x;k
rks lquusdk vlj bldks dgrs gSAa ,slk djusij fiQj Hkxoku~ FkksMs+ gh
nqyHZ k gSAa uke mPpkj.k ek=kls nwr Hkkx x;s ,slh ckrsa vkSj Hkh eSua s lquh
gSa vHkh thfor voLFkkesa ?kVh gSa ;s ?kVuk,¡A fdlhdks ;ejktosQ nwr
ysuos Qs fy;s vk;s] rks mlus ?kcjkdj Hkxoku~dk uke fy;k vkSj nwr
Hkkx x;sA ,slh ?kVuk,¡ ?kVh gSAa eSua s lqukbZ Fkh ,d ohjka ckbZ L=khdh]
blh rjg gh ,d nwljh ekrkth Fkha mlus Hkh ,sls nwrksd
a ks ns[kk Fkk] vkSj
Hkxoku~dk uke fy;k rks nwr Hkkx x;sA rks uke ysul
s s ykHk gksrk gSA
Hkxoku~oQs ukels m¼kj gqvk gS ftudk] ,sls yksx vkidks lSd
a M+kas gh
fey ldrs gSAa pgq¡ tqx pgq¡ Jqfr uke çHkkmQ] dfy fclsf"k ufga
vku mikÅ A dfy;qxesa ukedh efgek fo'ks"k gS lr~;xq vkfnesa nwljs
lk/u Hkh gS]a ij dfy;qxesa ^^ufga vku mikmQ**& nwtk mik; ugha gSA
pSrU; egkçHkqus dgk gSµ ^^ uEukedkfj cgq/k futloZ'kfÙkQ%**
dfy;qx vkrs gh Hkxoku~us viuh iwjh 'kfDr ukeesa j[k nhµ r=kkfiZrk
fu;fer% Lej.ks u dky% A uke Lej.kesa fu;e ugha j[kk fd lqcg
djsa ;k nksigjesa djsa fd 'kkedks djs]a jkf=kdks djs]a fnuesa djsa dHkh Hkh
djks] tc yxs rc uke ysaA vkB gh igjesa uke gj le; [kqYyk gS]
gj ,d osQ fy;sA czkã.k] {kf=k;] oS';] 'kwæ] L=kh] iq#"k] i<+k&vi<+k]
fgUnw] eqfLye] blkbZ dksbZ Hkh gksA
param sawa/09-7-11
88

ije J¼s; LokehthosQ çopu

171

172

lk/u djusokyk dksbZ Hkh lk/u tku tk;s ijUrq ukedh
efgek de ugha gSA HkxoUuke Hkko ,oa è;ku lfgr fy;k tk; rks
cgqr nkeh gSA xqIr] vdke] fujUrj] è;ku lfgr lkuUn
vknj;qDr lcls rqjr ik;s ijekuUnA N% ckrsa lkFk gksrh gSa rks
cgqr tYnh ykHk gksrk gS] fo'ks"k ykHk gksrk gSA uke fy;k tk;
mldks çdV ugha fd;k tk; fd eSa bruk uke ysrk gw¡] yksx esjsdks
uke tiokyk le>sa] ukedk çseh ekusa ;g Hkko gksusls ukedk egRo
de gks tkrk gSA uke&ti fu"dkeHkkols djuk pkfg;sA dkeuk djs
fd esjh Nksjhdk C;kg gks tk;] esjsdks /u fey tk; D;ksafd eSa
jkeuke djrk gw¡] ,slk djusokyk jkeukedh fcØh dj nsrk gSA
HkxoUuke rks fu"dke Hkkols gksuk pkfg;sA osQoy Hkxoku~dh çlUurkosQ
fy;s gh uke fy;k tk; vkSj fujUrj fy;k tk;A HkxoUuke FkksM+h
nsj fy;k vkSj NksM+ fn;k] fiQj FkksM+h nsj fy;k vkSj NksM+ fn;k ,slk
djuk Bhd ugha gSA tSls ekrk,¡ jlksbZ cukrh gSa vxj os nl&iUæg
feuV pwYgk tyk,¡ vkSj fiQj vk/k ?k.Vk NksM+ nsa] fiQj ik¡p&nl
feuV cknesa pwYgk tyk,¡ fiQj NksM+ nsa rks ,slk djusij fnuHkjesa
jlksbZ ugha cusxhA yxkrkj cuk,¡ rks tYnh cu tk;sxhA ,sls gh
Hkxoku~dk uke fujUrj ysuk pkfg;sA gj le; pyrs&fiQjrs]
mBrs&cSBrs] [kkrs&ihrs] lksrs&tkxrs HkxoUuke ysuk pkfg;sA
gfj;k fnuxr jketh dcgw¡ ijxV gks; HkxoUuke gjne
fy;k tk;A jkeuke fu'kfnu jgs vkBks igj v[kaM] jkenkl
lardk uke u NksM+s laxA jkedk uke tks ugha NksM+rk rks jketh
mldks ugha NksM+rs] gjne jketh mlosQ lkFkesa jgrs gSaA vkSj dgk
x;k gS fd vxj dksbZ tcrd psr gks] gks'k gks vkSj og HkxoUuke
ysrk gS rks vUr le;esa ik"kk.k dk"B iRFkjdh rjg csgks'k gks tk;s

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

rks Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa ml le; mldks eSa ;kn djrk gw¡A tc rd
mldks gks'k jgrk gS rc rd oks Hkxoku~osQ ukedks NksM+rk ugha rks
Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa xhrkthesa ^^;s ;Fkk eka çi|Urs rkaLrFkSo HktkE;ge~**
(xhrk 4@11) oks NksM+rk ugha rks Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa esjsdks gks'k jgsxk
rc rd eSa mldks ;kn d:¡xkA mldks gks'k ugha] mlus rks gks'kesa
Hkxoku~dks ;kn fd;k vc csgks'k gks x;k] rks Hkxoku~ dHkh csgks'k
gksrs ughaA mldks eSa euksokfUNr iQy nsrk gw¡A HkxoUukeesa vuUr
'kfDr] vuUr uke] vuUr efgek] vkSj vikj efgek gS ,slk ;g
HkxoUuke gSA oks Hkh fiQj dy;qxesa fo'ks"k efgek gSA ;g o`Unkou
/ke gS] Hkxoku~osQ /ke esa uke&tidk fo'ks"k ykHk gksrk gSA tSls
[ksrh djrs gSa rks tehu tgk¡ cf<+;k gksrh gS ogk¡ [ksrhdh vPNh
mit gksrh gSA ,sls gh tks rhFkZ LFkku gSa] Hkxoku~dk LFky gS] ;g tks
o`Unkou gS ;gk¡ Hktu fd;k tk; rks mldk ekgkRE; cgqr fo'ks"k gSA
vkSj iki fd;k tk;s rks mldk cM+k Hk;adj iQy gksrk gSA tehu
vPNh gksrh gS ogk¡ ?kkl] ikS/s vkSj dk¡Vsokys o`{k] ccwy vkfnesa Hkh
cM+s&cM+s dk¡Vs gksrs gSaA ;g tehu rks lcdks cy ysrh gSA tks tSlk
djs oSlk iQy gksrk gSA rks bl rjgls rhFkksZaesa jg djosQ lnk
lko/ku jgsaA rhFkZosQ iki otzysi gks tkrs gSaA rks rhFkksZaesa cM+s
lko/ku gksdj Hktu djksA rhFkksea as dksbZ iki djrk gS rks mldk iQy
cM+k Hk;adj gksrk gS] D;ksafd mldk n.M feysxkA ,sls ifo=k LFkyesa
Hkxoku~dk uke] Hkxoku~osQ n'kZu djuk vkSj Hkxoku~dh dFkk lquuh
pkfg;sA
jkefg lqfefjv xkbv jkefg A larr lqfuv jke xqu xzkefg AA
(jk-p-ek-mÙkj 130@3)

vFkZµ cl] Jhjkethdk gh Lej.k djuk] Jhjkethdk gh
param sawa/09-7-11
89

ije J¼s; LokehthosQ çopu

173

174

xq.k xkuk vkSj fujUrj JhjkethosQ gh xq.klewgksadks lquuk pkfg;sA
jkethdh gh ckrsa lqurk jgsA efPpÙkk en~xrçk.kk--(xhrk 10@9) Hkxoku~dk gh çk.k gks tk;s] Hkxoku~dk gh fpUru
gksrk jgsA ,d osQ gh ijk;.k gks tk;s] ukeosQ ijk;.k gks tk;s rks
lc dke gks tk;sxk] lc dke ,d Hkxoku~osQ ukels gks tkrk gSA
i<+k fy[kk ugha gS vkSj oqQN ugha tkurk gS rks Hkh ,d HkxoUukels
lc oqQN gks tkrk gSA pkjksa osn fBaBksj osQ vUr dgksxs jke] lks
jTtc igys dgks brus esa gh dke bl HkxoUukeesa yx tk;sa] jkr
vkSj fnuA ;gk¡ Hkxoku~dh Ñikls HkxoUukedk çpkj gks jgk gSA ;gk¡
cgqrls HkkbZ&cgu Hkxoku~dk uke ysrs gSAa >ksys fy;s gq, HkxoUuke&ti
djrs gSaA ;g cM+k ifo=k LFky gS] ;g Hkxoku~dh yhyk&Hkwfe gS]
;g cM+k fnO; ns'k gSA bl ns'kesa vkdj Hkxoku~dk Hktu djusdk
cM+k fo'ks"k ekgkRE; gS] dFkkdk Hkh cM+k fo'ks"k ekgkRE; gSA ;g
LFkku cy nsrk gS] 'kfDr nsrk gS vkSj lkeF;Z nsrk gSA lTtuksa !
Hkxoku~dk tks uke ysrk gS mldks fiQj ijokg ugha jgrh fdlhdhA
cM+s mRlkgls uke ysrs jgksA HkxoUuke ehBk yxs] I;kjk yxsA
lTtuksa&cguksa&Hkkb;ksa ! Hkxoku~ls ek¡xks ij lalkjdh pht
ek¡xusdh ugha gS Hkxoku~dh ckr ek¡xuh gSA gs ukFk ! vkidk uke
ehBk yxs] vkidk uke #fpdj yxsA vkidk uke I;kjk yxs]
vkidk uke Hkwy¡w ughaA gs ukFk ! vkiosQ ukeesa yx tkm¡Q] ;g
ek¡xusdh pht gSA Hkxoku~ls vkSj pht ek¡xuh gh ugha gSA Hkxoku~ls
çse ek¡xks] Kku Hkh ugha ek¡xuk gSA vkiosQ fpUruesa yx tk;s_
Hkxoku~dk uke I;kjk yxs] Hkxoku~dk /ke I;kjk yxs] dFkk I;kjh
yxsA xaxk&;equk Hkh Hkxoku~ls lEcU/ gksusls I;kjh yxsA ftldk
Hkxoku~osQ lkFk lEcU/ gks x;k os lc m¼kj djusokyh phtsa gSaA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

bl ckrls vkiyksxksaesa ,d fo'ks"k ckr dguh gS] vkt vkius
vtkfey mik[;ku lqukA ,d esjh çkFkZuk vkSj lquksA dksbZ Hkh çk.kh
dHkh Hkh ejrk gks rks mlosQ ikl cSB djosQ HkxoUuke lqukvksA dksbZ
Hkh çk.kh] euq";dh ckr fo'ks"k gSA NksVk cPpk ejrk gS] cw<+k&toku
ejrk gks] jksxh&fujksxh dksbZ ejrk gks e`R;q le;esa Hkxoku~dk uke
lqukvks bldk cM+k Hkkjh ekgkRE; gSA mls Hkxoku~dk uke lqukusls
dY;k.k gks tkrk gSA ,sls gh fdlhdks ,d vkneh Hkkstu djs mruk
gh vUu feyk vkSj oks fdlh Hkw[ksdks f[kyk ns rks fdruk ekgkRE;
gksrk gS\ ,sls gh euq"; 'kjhj feyk gS osQoy ijekRekdh çkfIrosQ
fy;s vkSj og fdlhdh e`R;q gksusokyh gks mls vUresa Hkxoku~dk
uke lquk ns rks mldk Hkh gks tk;s dY;k.kA
vUrdkys p ekeso LejUeqDRok dysoje~ A (xhrk ø@ÿ) ;a
;a okfi LejUHkkoa R;tR;Urs dysoje~ A (xhrk ø@ö) vUrdkyesa
Hkxoku~dk uke Lej.k gks tkrk gS rks ;kfr ukLR;=k la'k;%
(xhrk ø@ÿ) vUr efr lks xfr vUresa Hkxoku~dk uke ;kn fnyk nsaA
vkiyksxksals lcls çkFkZuk gS dksbZ ejrk gks rks mls lalkjdh ckr ;kn
er fnykvksA ;g Nksjk (yM+dk) gS] iksrk gS] iM+iksrk gS] nkekn vk
x;k ,slh dksbZ ckr er djksA cl Hkxoku~dk uke lqukvks jke jke
jke jke----A è;ku nsdj lqusa ! euq"; 'kjhj feyk ijekRekdh
çkfIrosQ fy;s rks Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa&eSaus rsjsdks] thodks euq"; 'kjhj
fn;k] rSaus euq"; 'kjhj fy;kA (Hkxoku~us) euq"; 'kjhj osQoy
dY;k.kosQ fy;s fn;k vkSj geus fy;k] blfy;s nksuksadh bTtr jg
tk;sA vUrdkyesa Hkh rw esjk uke ys ys rks rsjh&esjh bTtr jg tk;A
rsjk ekuo 'kjhj ysuk liQy gks tk; vkSj esjk ekuo 'kjhj nsuk
liQy gks tk;A Hkxoku~ çrh{kk djrs gSa vfUre 'okl rd fd rw
param sawa/09-7-11
90

ije J¼s; LokehthosQ çopu

175

176

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

gSA ty Hkh ugha ihrs] I;kl yxs rks ih yks ijUrq ej.kklUu
O;fDrdks uke lquk nks] ,slh laLFkk gSA mlesa gekjs iVokjhth (,d
lRlaxh) dgrs Fks fd jkf=kesa ckjg ctsls nks ctsdk le; [kkyh
jgrk gS] rks og dgrs ml le; eSa lqukm¡Qxk] og dgrs Fks esjs
lkeus dbZ ckj ej.kklUu O;fDrdk 'kjhj NwVk gSA os lfefrokys
vkBksa igj gh lqukrs gSa vkSj vkB igjesals gh fdlh le;esa
O;fDrdk 'kjhj NwVrk gS rks ftls lqukusosQ le; mRlkg gksrk gS]
mldks Hkxoku~ ekSdk nsrs gSa] volj nsrs gSaA bl okLrs gjsd dk
m¼kj oSQls gks\ blosQ fy;s HkxoUuke lqukvksA d.kZokl (xaxkthosQ
fdukjs ,d rhFkZ LFkku)&dh ckr gSµ ,d fcYyhosQ ihNs oqQÙkk
nkSM+k vkSj mls idM+ fy;k] fiQj cspkjhdks uksap fn;k rks gekjs
xq#HkkbZ ml fcYyhdks xaxkthosQ fdukjs ys x;s vkSj HkxoUuke lqukrs
gh jgs] lqukrs&lqukrs og ej xbZ rks fIkQj mls xaxkthesa cgk fn;kA
dksbZ çk.kh ejrk gksµ xk;] HkSal] HksM+] cdjh] oqQÙkk] x/k
mls HkxoUuke lquk nks rks ogk¡ ;ejktosQ nwr ugha vkrsA fo".kqijq k.kesa
vkrk gS] Hkkxoresa NBs LdU/esa vkrk gS] ,slk dk'kh[k.Mesa Hkh
vkrk gSA ;ejkt vius nwrksdksa dgrs gSa tgk¡ HkxoUuke gksrk gks ogk¡
er tkuk] iQthrh gksxh] ,slh vkKk nh gSA rks blfy;s Hkxoku~dk
uke lqukvks fdlhdh e`R;q gksrh gks] dksbZ oSQlk gh D;w¡ u gksA
lh/h ljy ckr gSA
lqfejr lqyHk lq[kn lc dkgw A yksd ykgq ijyksd fuckgw AA

esjk uke ys ys] rsjk dY;k.k gks tk;sA rks ;g NwV vUrdkyesa gS] ;s
NwV ,d ckj gh feysxhA ,d ckj gh euq"; ejrk gS] nks ckj FkksM+s
gh ejrk gSA ijUrq fdlh nwljs O;fDrdks e`R;qosQ le; HkxoUuke
lquk ns rks viusdks dbZ ckj ,slk (nwljsdks HkxoUuke lqukusdk)
ekSdk fey tk;sA dksbZ ejrk gS rks HkxoUuke lquk nks egkjkt !
lquusokysdk eqÝresa dY;k.k gks tk;sxkA ,slk djusls Hkxoku~ij
vlj iM+rk gS fd eSa loZ leFkZ gw¡ ij yksxksaosQ m¼kjdh esjh rjiQls
ps"Vk ugha djrk gw¡A ;g cspkjk vYi 'kfDrokyk euq"; gksdj vkSj
nwljksaosQ m¼kjdh ps"Vk djrk gS fd bldk dY;k.k gks tk;A bldks
vkn'kZ ekudj rks esjsdks ,slk djuk pkfg;s] ij eSa ugha d:¡ rks
de&ls&de ;g ps"Vk d:¡ fd uke lquusokysdk dY;k.k dj nw¡A
blls HkxoUuke lqukusokysdh ps"Vk Hkxoku~ fl¼ djrs gSaA vkius
[;ky fd;k ! ,slk djusij Hkxoku~ ij vlj iM+rk gS fd blesa
lkeF;Z ugha gS] vUr;kZeh ugha gS] loZleFkZ ugha gS ije n;kyq ugha
gS vkSj eSa loZleFkZ gw]¡ ije n;kyq gw¡ ,oa loZK gw]¡ ;g vYi'kfDrokyk
gksrs gq, Hkh nwljsdk dY;k.k djusosQ fy;s] m¼kj djusosQ fy;s uke
lqukrk gS rks ;g nwtsdk m¼kj dj ns rks de&ls&de bldk m¼kj
rks eSa d:¡A rks ,slk djusij Hkxoku~ij vlj iM+rk gSA
,d foy{k.k ckr gS fd dydÙkkesas ,d ,slh lfefr gSA
dydÙkkokys yksx tkurs gSa ogk¡ xksfoUn Hkou ,d laLFkk gS] ftlesa
dbZ lnL; gSa] lfefrokyksadk mís'; gS fd dksbZ dgha Hkh chekj gks
rks lfefrokyksadks lekpkj ns nks] ogk¡ls lfefrokys yksx vk tkrs
gSa vkSj oks yksx nks&nks ?k.Vs HkxoUuke lqukusdh M~;wVh ysdj vkB
igj (24 ?k.Vs) HkxoUuke lqukrs gSaA vkBksa igj HkxoUuke lqukvks]
lsok djks vkSj ysuk&nsuk oqQN Hkh ugha] ,slk ml lfefrdk mís';

(jk-p-ek-cky- 20@1)

vFkZµ (HkxoUuke) Lej.k djusesa lcosQ fy;s lqyHk vkSj
lq[k nsusokyk gS] vkSj tks bl yksdesa ykHk vkSj ijyksdesa fuokZg
djrs gSa (vFkkZr~ Hkxoku~oQs fnO; /keesa fnO; nsgls lnk HkxoRlsokesa
fu;qDr jgrs gSaA)
param sawa/09-7-11
91

ije J¼s; LokehthosQ çopu

177

178

^gfj uke Hktka lc dkt lj* ek¡xdj [kkusokys jksVh
ek¡xrs fiQjrs gSa fnu Hkj] fIkQj Hkh ugha feyrhA vkSj vxj os cSBdj
jke&jke djus yx tk;s rks muosQ BkB gks tk;sxk] egkjkt ! HkkX;
cny tkrk gS] HkkX;A egkjkt ! Hkxoku~osQ ukeesa jkr&fnu yxs oks
vkneh vkSj rjg dk gks tkrk gSA
Hktu djs ikrkyesa çdV gksr vkdk'k A
nkch nwch ugha ncs ;s dLrwjhdh ckl AA
Hktu djs ikrkyesa çdV gksr vkdk'k] lPps ân;ls Hkxoku~eas
yx tk, fIkQj dksbZ deh ugha jgsxhA yksdesa ijyksdesa dksbZ deh
ugha jgsxh lc rjgls Bhd gks tk;sxkA HkkX; cny tkrk gSA ugha rks
HkkX; ugha cnyrk] LoHkko ugha cnyrk ij Hkxoku~osQ Hktu
djusls] uke ysusls HkkX; cny tkrk gS] LoHkko cny tkrk gS]
thou cny tkrk gSA egku~ nq%[kh thou] ukjdh; thou gks rks og
Hkh larksd
a k&lk thou gks tkrk gS vkSj og nqfu;k¡dk m¼kj djusokyk
lUr cu tkrk gSA HkxoUuke ysusls fdruh foy{k.krk vk tkrh gSA
dfydkyesa ukeij fo'ks"k ftEek gSA osnesa rhu dk.M gSa deZdk.M]
miklukdk.M vkSj Kkudk.MA
ufga dfy dje u HkfDr fccsowQA jke uke voyacu ,owQ AA

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

dksbZ uke de ugha gS] ;|fi jkek;.kesa vk;k gSµ ukjnth egkjktus
Hkxoku~ls ojnku ek¡xk gSµ
t|fi çHkq osQ uke vusdk A Jqfr dg vf/d ,d rsa ,dk A
jke ldy ukeUg rs vf/dk A gksm ukFk v?k [kx xu cf/dk AA
(jk-p-ek-vj.; 42@4)

vFkZµ ;|fi çHkqosQ vusdksa uke gSa vkSj osn dgrs gSa fd
os lc ,d&ls&,d c<+dj gSa] rks Hkh gs ukFk ! jkeuke lc ukeksals
c<+dj gks vkSj iki:ih if{k;ksaosQ lewgosQ fy;s ;g of/dosQ
leku gksA
ukjnthus jke uke lcesa Js"B gks tk;s ;g ojnku Hkxoku~ls
ek¡xk] blfy;s jke ukedh efgek fo'ks"k gSA jke uke ysusokys
vPNs&vPNs lUr egkRek gks x;s] muesa fofp=krk vk xbZA rks
Hkxoku~osQ ukeesa lTtuksa yx tkvksA fdruk ljy] lh/k] lqxe gS
jke ukeA dydÙkkesa dksBkjhth Fks] os cw<s+ Fks muosQ ydok ekj x;k
rks os cksy ugha ldrs FksA eSa muosQ ikl x;k Fkk] ogk¡ esjsdks ns[kdj
jke&jke&jke cksysA ydosesa Hkh jke uke vk tk;s] fdruk lqyHk
gS jke ukeA ydosesa thHk vVd tkrh gS cksy ugha ldrs fIkQj Hkh
jke dk uke vk tkrk gSA bruk ljy gS] lqyHk gS brus egRodk gS
rks gjsd HkkbZdks jke ukeesas yx tkuk pkfg;sA tks vkidks lqyHk yxs
gjs jke gjs jke---- tiks] ue% f'kok; djksA ftrus HkxoUuke gSa
mlesa tks vkidks I;kjk yxrk gS] ftlesa vkidh J¼k gS] çse&lfgr
tSls yxks yx tkvksA ;g HkxoUuke ysusdk ekSdk gS] irk ugha 'kjhj
dc pyk tk;sA ^ekjgh dky vpkud pisV dh gksbZ ?kM+hesa
jk[kdh <sjh* A ejuk rks iM+sxk gh] bl okLrs tc rd 'okl gS]
tc rd /kSaduh pyrh gS] vk¡[ks fVefVekrh gSa] 'kjhj gS rc rd

(jk-p-ek-cky- 27@4)

vFkZµ dfy;qxesa u deZ gS] u HkfDr gS vkSj u Kku gh gS_
,d jkeuke gh vk/kj gSA
jke&jke lqukvksA bldk vFkZ ;g ugha fd Ñ".kdk uke
de gS] oklqnso] gfj] eksgu] ek/o] eqoqQUn] eqjkfj ,d&,d ukeesa
vuUr 'kfDr gSA xksLokehth egkjktus jke uke fy;k gSA ,sls gh
larksus vyx&vyx uke fy;sA gj lEçnk;osQ uke vyx&vyx gSa
param sawa/09-7-11
92

ije J¼s; LokehthosQ çopu

179

180

Hkxoku~esa yx tkvks HkkbZ ! ?kj ty tk;s] vkx yx xbZ] vc oqQ¡vk
[kksns\ vc dgk¡ oqQ¡vk [kksns HkkbZ ! bl okLrs igysls HkxoUuke dj
yksA jkr vkSj fnu Hkxoku~eas yx tkvksA ikihdks Hkxoku~dk uke
vkrk ughaA HkxoUuke vkrk gS rks le> yks fd Hkxoku~dh cM+h
Ñik gS] fo'ks"k Ñik gSA xh/jkt tVk;q Hkh Hkxoku~ls dgrs gSaµ
tk dj uke ejr eq[k vkok A v/em eqoQq r gksb Jqfr xkok AA
(jk-p-ek-vj.;dk.M 31@3)

vFkZµ ejrs le; ftudk uke eq[kesa vk tkusls v/e
(egku~ ikih) Hkh eqDr gks tkrk gS] ,slk osn xkrs gSaA
ukedk bruk ekgkRE; gS\ tkurs ugha Fks rks vc tku tkvksA
xhrkçslosQ laLFkkid] laj{kd] lapkyd Jht;n;kyth xks;Undk FksA
mUgksua s rhu&pkj txg fy[kk gS esjd
s ks ftruk HkxoUukels ykHk gqvk
mruk xhrkthdks NksMd
+ j fdlhls ugha gqvkA mUgsa HkxoUukels vkSj
xhrkthls ykHk gqvk gSA rks gesa Hkh HkxoUukedk ti djuk vkSj
xhrkthdk vè;;u djuk pkfg;sA mUgksua s çR;{kesa dgk fd HkxoUukels
ykHk gqvk vkSj bruk gqvk tks eSa dg ugha ldrkA i<+k gh gksxk rÙo
fpUrkef.kesAa orZekuesa xhrkçslosQ }kjk nqfu;k¡dks ,slk ykHk gqvk gS]
vkSj fdruk ykHk gks jgk gS blosQ ewyesa HkxoUuke vkSj xhrkth gS]
rks bl HkxoUuke vkSj xhrkthesa viuk ykHk vkSj nqfu;k¡dk fgr vkSj
ije dY;k.k gSA
ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k JheUukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k------------

AA Jhgfj% AA

Jhen~Hkkxor egkiqjk.k
"k"Be~ LdU/dk
vtkfey mik[;ku

181

182

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

Jh'kqdnsothus dgkµeuq"; eu] ok.kh vkSj 'kjhjls iki
djrk gSA ;fn og mu ikiksadk blh tUeesa çk;f'pÙk u dj ys] rks
ejusosQ ckn mls vo'; gh mu Hk;Vj ;krukiw.kZ ujdksaesa tkuk
iM+rk gS] ftudk o.kZu eSaus rqEgsa (ik¡posa LdU/osQ vUresa) lquk;k
gS AA÷AA blfy;s cM+h lko/kuh vkSj ltxrkosQ lkFk jksx ,oa
e`R;qosQ igys gh 'kh?kz&ls&'kh?kz ikiksadh xq#rk vkSj y?kqrkij fopkj
djosQ mudk çk;f'pÙk dj Mkyuk pkfg;s] tSls eeZK fpfdRld
jksxksadk dkj.k vkSj mudh xq#rk&y?kqrk tkudj >ViV mudh
fpfdRlk dj Mkyrk gS AAøAA
jktk ijhf{krus iwNkµHkxou~ ! euq"; jktn.M] lektn.M
vkfn ykSfdd vkSj 'kkL=kksDr ujdxeu vkfn ikjykSfdd d"Vksals
;g tkudj Hkh fd iki mldk 'k=kq gS] ikioklukvksals foo'k gksdj
ckj&ckj oSls gh deks±esa ço`Ùk gks tkrk gSA ,slh voLFkkesa mlosQ
ikiksadk çk;f'pÙk oSQls lEHko gS\ AAùAA euq"; dHkh rks çk;f'pÙk
vkfnosQ }kjk ikiksals NqVdkjk ik ysrk gS] dHkh fiQj mUgsa gh djus
yxrk gSA ,slh fLFkfresa eSa le>rk gw¡ fd tSls Luku djusosQ ckn
/wy Mky ysusosQ dkj.k gkFkhdk Luku O;FkZ gks tkrk gS] oSls gh
euq";dk çk;f'pÙk djuk Hkh O;FkZ gh gS AAûúAA
Jh'kqdnsothus dgkµoLrqr% deZoQs }kjk gh deZdk fuchZt
uk'k ugha gksrk_ D;ksafd deZdk vf/dkjh vKkuh gSA vKku jgrs
ikiokluk,¡ loZFkk ugha feV ldrhaA blfy;s lPpk çk;f'pÙk rks
rÙoKku gh gS AAûûAA tks iq#"k osQoy lqiF;dk gh lsou djrk gS]
mls jksx vius o'kesa ugha dj ldrsA oSls gh ijhf{kr~ ! tks iq#"k
fu;eksadk ikyu djrk gS] og /hjs&/hjs iki&oklukvksals eqDr gks
dY;k.kçn rÙoKku çkIr djusesa leFkZ gksrk gS AAûüAA tSls ck¡lksaosQ
>qjeqVesa yxh vkx ck¡lksadks tyk Mkyrh gSµoSls gh /eZK vkSj
J¼koku~ /hj iq#"k riL;k] czãp;Z] bfUæ;neu] eudh fLFkjrk]

AA Jhgfj% AA
¬ ueks Hkxors oklqnsok;

Jhe‰kxoregkiqjk.k
"k"Be~ LdU/
igyk vè;k;
vtkfeyksik[;kudk çkjEHk
jktk ijhf{kr~us dgkµHkxou~ ! vki igys (f}rh; LdU/es)a
fuo`fÙkekxZdk o.kZu dj pqosQ gSa rFkk ;g cryk pqosQ gSa fd mlosQ
}kjk vfpZjkfn ekxZls tho Øe'k% czãyksdesa igq¡prk gS vkSj fiQj
czãkosQ lkFk eqDr gks tkrk gS AAûAA eqfuoj ! blosQ flok vkius
ml ço`fÙkekxZdk Hkh (r`rh; LdU/esa) HkyhHkk¡fr o.kZu fd;k gS]
ftlls f=kxq.ke; LoxZ vkfn yksdksadh çkfIr gksrh gS vkSj çÑfrdk
lEcU/ u NwVusosQ dkj.k thoksadks ckj&ckj tUe&e`R;qosQ pDdjesa
vkuk iM+rk gS AAüAA vkius ;g Hkh cryk;k fd v/eZ djusls
vusd ujdksd
a h çkfIr gksrh gS vkSj (ik¡posa LdU/es)a mudk foLrkjls
o.kZu Hkh fd;kA (pkSFks LdU/esa) vkius ml çFke eUoUrjdk o.kZu
fd;k] ftlosQ vf/ifr Lok;qEHkqo euq Fks AAýAA lkFk gh (pkSFks vkSj
ik¡posa LdU/esa) fç;ozr vkSj mÙkkuiknosQ oa'kksa rFkk pfj=kksadk ,oa
}hi] o"kZ] leqæ] ioZr] unh] m|ku vkSj fofHkUu }hiksaosQ o`{kksadk Hkh
fu:i.k fd;k AAþAA Hkwe.Mydh fLFkfr] mlosQ }hi&o"kkZfn foHkkx]
muosQ y{k.k rFkk ifjek.k] u{k=kksadh fLFkfr] vry&fory vkfn
Hkw&fooj (lkr ikrky) vkSj Hkxoku~us bu lcdh ftl çdkj l`f"V
dhµmldk o.kZu Hkh lquk;k AAÿAA egkHkkx ! vc eSa og mik;
tkuuk pkgrk gw¡] ftlosQ vuq"Bkuls euq";ksadks vusdkusd Hk;Vj
;krukvksals iw.kZ ujdesa u tkuk iM+sA vki Ñik djosQ mldk mins'k
dhft;s AAöAA
param sawa/09-7-11
94

vtkfeyksik[;kudk çkjEHk

183

184

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

Hkkx&vV~Bklh o"kZµchr x;k AAüýAA cw<+s vtkfeyosQ nl iq=k FksA
muesa lcls NksVsdk uke Fkk ^ukjk;.k*A ek¡&cki mlls cgqr I;kj
djrs Fks AAüþAA o`¼ vtkfeyus vR;Ur eksgosQ dkj.k viuk lEiw.kZ
ân; vius cPps ukjk;.kdks lkSai fn;k FkkA og vius cPpsdh
rksryh cksyh lqu&lqudj rFkk ckylqyHk [ksy ns[k&ns[kdj iwQyk
ugha lekrk Fkk AAüÿAA vtkfey ckydosQ Lusg&cU/uesa c¡/ x;k
FkkA tc og [kkrk rc mls Hkh f[kykrk] tc ikuh ihrk rks mls Hkh
fiykrkA bl çdkj og vfr'k; ew<+ gks x;k Fkk] mls bl ckrdk
irk gh u pyk fd e`R;q esjs fljij vk igq¡ph gS AAüöAA
og ew[kZ blh çdkj viuk thou fcrk jgk Fkk fd e`R;qdk
le; vk igq¡pkA vc og vius iq=k ckyd ukjk;.kosQ lEcU/esa gh
lkspus&fopkjus yxk AAü÷AA brusesa gh vtkfeyus ns[kk fd mls ys
tkusosQ fy;s vR;Ur Hk;kous rhu ;enwr vk;s gSaA muosQ gkFkksaesa
iQk¡lh gS] eq¡g Vs<+s&Vs<+s gSa vkSj 'kjhjosQ jks,¡ [kM+s gq, gSa AAüøAA ml
le; ckyd ukjk;.k ogk¡ls oqQN nwjhij [ksy jgk FkkA ;enwrksadks
ns[kdj vtkfey vR;Ur O;koqQy gks x;k vkSj mlus cgqr m¡Qps
Lojls iqdkjkµ ^ukjk;.k !* AAüùAA Hkxoku~oQs ik"kZnksua s ns[kk fd ;g
ejrs le; gekjs Lokeh Hkxoku~ ukjk;.kdk uke ys jgk gS] muosQ
ukedk dhrZu dj jgk gS_ vr% os cM+s osxls >ViV ogk¡ vk
igq¡ps AAýúAA ml le; ;ejktosQ nwr nklhifr vtkfeyosQ 'kjhjesa
ls mlosQ lw{e'kjhjdks [khap jgs FksA fo".kqnwrksaus mUgsa cyiwoZd jksd
fn;k AAýûAA muosQ jksdusij ;ejktosQ nwrksaus muls dgkµ^vjs]
/eZjktdh vkKkdk fu"ks/ djusokys rqeyksx gks dkSu\ AAýüAA rqe
fdlhosQ nwr gks] dgk¡ls vk;s gks vkSj bls ys tkusls gesa D;ksa jksd jgs
gks\ D;k rqeyksx dksbZ nsork] minsork vFkok fl¼Js"B gks\ AAýýAA
ge ns[krs gSa fd rqe lc yksxksaosQ us=k deynyosQ leku dkseyrkls
Hkjs gSa] rqe ihys&ihys js'keh oL=k igus gks] rqEgkjs fljij eqoqQV]

nku] lR;] ckgj&Hkhrjdh ifo=krk rFkk ;e ,oa fu;eµbu ukS
lk/uksals eu] ok.kh vkSj 'kjhj}kjk fd;s x;s cM+s&ls&cM+s ikiksadks
Hkh u"V dj nsrs gSa AAûý&ûþAA Hkxoku~dh 'kj.kesa jgusokys HkDrtu]
tks fcjys gh gksrs gSa] osQoy HkfDrosQ }kjk vius lkjs ikiksadks mlh
çdkj HkLe dj nsrs gSa] tSls lw;Z oqQgjsdks AAûÿAA ijhf{kr~ ! ikih
iq#"kdh tSlh 'kqf¼ Hkxoku~dks vkReleiZ.k djusls vkSj muosQ
HkDrksadk lsou djusls gksrh gS] oSlh riL;k vkfnosQ }kjk ugha gksrh
AAûöAA txr~esa ;g HkfDrdk iaFk gh loZJs"B] Hk;jfgr vkSj
dY;k.kLo:i gS] D;ksafd bl ekxZij HkxoRijk;.k] lq'khy lk/qtu
pyrs gSa AAû÷AA ijhf{kr~ ! tSls 'kjkcls Hkjs ?kM+sdks ufn;k¡ ifo=k
ugha dj ldrha] oSls gh cM+s&cM+s çk;f'pÙk ckj&ckj fd;s tkusij
Hkh Hkxof}eq[k euq";dks ifo=k djusesa vleFkZ gSa AAûøAA ftUgksaus
vius Hkxon~x.q kkuqjkxh eu&e/qdjdks Hkxoku~ JhÑ".kosQ
pj.kkjfoUn&edjUndk ,d ckj iku djk fn;k] mUgksua s lkjs çk;f'pÙk
dj fy;sA os LoIuesa Hkh ;ejkt vkSj muosQ ik'k/kjh nwrksadks ugha
ns[krsA fiQj ujddh rks ckr gh D;k gS AAûùAA
ijhf{kr~ ! bl fo"k;esa egkRekyksx ,d çkphu bfrgkl dgk
djrs gSaA mlesa Hkxoku~ fo".kq vkSj ;ejktosQ nwrksadk laokn gSA rqe
eq>ls mls lquks AAüúAA dkU;oqQCt uxj (dUukSt)&esa ,d nklhifr
czkã.k jgrk FkkA mldk uke Fkk vtkfeyA nklhosQ lalxZls nwf"kr
gksusosQ dkj.k mldk lnkpkj u"V gks pqdk Fkk AAüûAA og ifrr
dHkh cVksfg;ksadks ck¡/dj mUgsa ywV ysrk] dHkh yksxksadks tq,osQ
Nyls gjk nsrk] fdlhdk /u /ks[kk&/M+hls ys ysrk rks fdlhdk
pqjk ysrkA bl çdkj vR;Ur fuUnuh; o`fÙkdk vkJ; ysdj og
vius oqQVqEcdk isV Hkjrk Fkk vkSj nwljs çkf.k;ksadks cgqr gh lrkrk
Fkk AAüüAA ijhf{kr~ ! blh çdkj og ogk¡ jgdj nklhosQ cPpksadk
ykyu&ikyu djrk jgkA bl çdkj mldh vk;qdk cgqr cM+k
param sawa/09-7-11
95

vtkfeyksik[;kudk çkjEHk

185

186

dkuksaesa oqQ.My vkSj xyksaesa deyosQ gkj ygjk jgs gSa AAýþAA lcdh
u;h voLFkk gS] lqUnj&lqUnj pkj&pkj Hkqtk,¡ gS]a lHkhosQ djdeyksea as
/uq"k] rjdl] ryokj] xnk] 'k…] pØ] dey vkfn lq'kksfHkr gSa AAýÿAA
rqeyksxksadh vXdkfUrls fn'kkvksadk vU/dkj vkSj çkÑr çdk'k Hkh
nwj gks jgk gSA ge /eZjktosQ lsod gSaA gesa rqeyksx D;ksa jksd jgs
gks\* AAýöAA
Jh'kqdnsoth dgrs gSaµijhf{kr~ ! tc ;enwrksaus bl çdkj
dgk] rc Hkxoku~ ukjk;.kosQ vkKkdkjh ik"kZnksaus g¡ldj es?kosQ
leku xEHkhj ok.khls muosQ çfr ;ksa dgkµAAý÷AA
Hkxoku~oQs ik"kZnksua s dgkµ;enwrksa ! ;fn rqe yksx lpeqp
/eZjktosQ vkKkdkjh gks rks gesa /eZdk y{k.k vkSj /eZdk rÙo
lqukvks AAýøA n.M fdl çdkj fn;k tkrk gS\ n.Mdk ik=k dkSu gS\
euq";ksea as lHkh ikikpkjh n.Muh; gSa vFkok muesl
a s oqQN gh\ AAýùAA
;enwrksaus dgkµosnksaus ftu deks±dk fo/ku fd;k gS] os
/eZ gSa vkSj ftudk fu"ks/ fd;k gS] os v/eZ gSAa osn Lo;a Hkxoku~oQs
Lo:i gSaA os muosQ LokHkkfod 'okl&ç'okl ,oa Lo;açdk'k Kku
gSaµ,slk geus lquk gS AAþúAA txr~osQ jtkse;] lÙoe; vkSj
rekse;µlHkh inkFkZ] lHkh çk.kh vius ije vkJ; Hkxoku~esa gh
fLFkr jgrs gSaA osn gh muosQ xq.k] uke] deZ vkSj :i vkfnosQ
vuqlkj mudk ;Fkksfpr foHkktu djrs gSa AAþûAA tho 'kjhj vFkok
eukso`fÙk;ksals ftrus deZ djrk gS] mlosQ lk{kh jgrs gSaµlw;Z] vfXu]
vkdk'k] ok;q] bfUæ;k¡] pUæek] lUè;k] jkr] fnu] fn'kk,¡] ty]
i`Foh] dky vkSj /eZ AAþüAA buosQ }kjk v/eZdk irk py tkrk gS
vkSj rc n.MosQ ik=kdk fu.kZ; gksrk gSA iki deZ djusokys lHkh
euq"; vius&vius deks±osQ vuqlkj n.Muh; gksrs gSa AAþýAA fu"iki
iq#"kks ! tks çk.kh deZ djrs gSa] mudk xq.kksals lEcU/ jgrk gh gSA
blhfy;s lHkhls oqQN iki vkSj oqQN iq.; gksrs gh gSa vkSj nsgoku~

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

gksdj dksbZ Hkh iq#"k deZ fd;s fcuk jg gh ugha ldrk AAþþAA bl
yksdesa tks euq"; ftl çdkjdk vkSj ftruk v/eZ ;k /eZ djrk gS]
og ijyksdesa mldk mruk vkSj oSlk gh iQy Hkksxrk gS AAþÿAA
nsof'kjksef.k;ks ! lÙo] jt vkSj reµbu rhu xq.kksaosQ HksnosQ dkj.k
bl yksdesa Hkh rhu çdkjosQ çk.kh nh[k iM+rs gSaµiq.;kRek] ikikRek
vkSj iq.;&iki nksuksals ;qDr] vFkok lq[kh] nq[kh vkSj lq[k&nq%[k
nksuksals ;qDr_ oSls gh ijyksdesa Hkh mudh f=kfo/rkdk vuqeku
fd;k tkrk gS AAþöAA orZeku le; gh Hkwr vkSj Hkfo";dk vuqeku
djk nsrk gSA oSls gh orZeku tUeosQ iki&iq.; Hkh Hkwr vkSj Hkfo";
tUeksaosQ iki&iq.;dk vuqeku djk nsrs gSa AAþ÷AA gekjs Lokeh
vtUek Hkxoku~ loZK ;ejkt lcosQ vUr%dj.kksaesa gh fojkteku gSaA
blfy;s os vius euls gh lcosQ iwoZ:iksadks ns[k ysrs gSaA os lkFk gh
muosQ Hkkoh Lo:idk Hkh fopkj dj ysrs gSa AAþøAA tSls lks;k gqvk
vKkuh iq#"k LoIuosQ le; çrhr gks jgs dfYir 'kjhjdks gh viuk
okLrfod 'kjhj le>rk gS] lksrs gq, vFkok tkxusokys 'kjhjdks Hkwy
tkrk gS] oSls gh tho Hkh vius iwoZtUeksadh ;kn Hkwy tkrk gS vkSj
orZeku 'kjhjosQ flok igys vkSj fiNys 'kjhjksaosQ lEcU/esa oqQN Hkh
ugha tkurk AAþùAA fl¼iq#"kks ! tho bl 'kjhjesa ik¡p desZfUæ;ksals
ysuk&nsuk] pyuk&fiQjuk vkfn dke djrk gS] ik¡p KkusfUæ;ksals
:i&jl vkfn ik¡p fo"k;ksadk vuqHko djrk gS vkSj lksygosa euosQ
lkFk l=kgok¡ og Lo;a feydj vosQys gh eu] KkusfUæ; vkSj
desfZ Uæ;µbu rhuksaosQ fo"k;ksadks Hkksxrk gS AAÿúAA thodk ;g lksyg
dyk vkSj lÙokfn rhu xq.kksaokyk fyX'kjhj vukfn gSA ;gh thodks
ckj&ckj g"kZ] 'kksd] Hk; vkSj ihM+k nsusokys tUe&e`R;qosQ pDdjesa
Mkyrk gS AAÿûAA tks tho vKkuo'k dke] Øks/] yksHk] eksg] en]
eRljµbu N% 'k=kqvksaij fot; çkIr ugha dj ysrk] mls bPNk u
jgrs gq, Hkh fofHkUu oklukvksaosQ vuqlkj vusdksa deZ djus iM+rs
param sawa/09-7-11
96

vtkfeyksik[;kudk çkjEHk

187

188

gSaA oSlh fLFkfresa og js'keosQ dhM+sosQ leku viusdks deZosQ tkyesa
tdM+ ysrk gS vkSj bl çdkj vius gkFkksa eksgdk f'kdkj cu tkrk
gS AAÿüAA dksbZ 'kjhj/kjh tho fcuk deZ fd;s dHkh ,d {k.k Hkh
ugha jg ldrkA çR;sd çk.khosQ LokHkkfod xq.k cyiwoZd foo'k
djosQ mlls deZ djkrs gSa AAÿýAA tho vius iwot
Z Ueksoa Qs iki&iq.;e;
laLdkjksaosQ vuqlkj LFkwy vkSj lw{e 'kjhj çkIr djrk gSA mldh
LokHkkfod ,oa çcy okluk,¡ dHkh mls ekrkosQ&tSlk (L=kh:i)
cuk nsrh gSa] rks dHkh firkosQ&tSlk (iq#"k:i) AAÿþAA çÑfrdk
lalxZ gksusls gh iq#"k viusdks vius okLrfod Lo:iosQ foijhr
fyX'kjhj eku cSBk gSA ;g foi;Z; Hkxoku~osQ Hktuls 'kh?kz gh nwj
gks tkrk gS AAÿÿAA
nsorkvks ! vki tkurs gh gSa fd ;g vtkfey cM+k 'kkL=kK
FkkA 'khy] lnkpkj vkSj ln~xq.kksadk rks ;g [ktkuk gh FkkA czãpkjh]
fou;h] ftrsfUæ;] lR;fu"B] eU=kosÙkk vkSj ifo=k Hkh Fkk AAÿöAA
blus xq#] vfXu] vfrfFk vkSj o`¼ iq#"kksadh lsok dh FkhA vgVkj
rks blesa Fkk gh ughaA ;g leLr çkf.k;ksadk fgr pkgrk] midkj
djrk] vko';drkosQ vuqlkj gh cksyrk vkSj fdlhosQ xq.kksaesa nks"k
ugha <w<¡ r+ k Fkk AAÿ÷AA ,d fnu ;g czkã.k vius firkosQ vkns'kkuqlkj
ouesa x;k vkSj ogk¡ls iQy&iwQy] lfe/k rFkk oqQ'k ysdj ?kjosQ
fy;s ykSVk AAÿøAA ykSVrs le; blus ns[kk fd ,d Hkz"V 'kwæ] tks
cgqr dkeh vkSj fuyZTt gS] 'kjkc ihdj fdlh os';kosQ lkFk fogkj
dj jgk gSA os';k Hkh 'kjkc ihdj erokyh gks jgh gSA u'ksosQ dkj.k
mldh vk¡[ksa ukp jgh gS]a og v¼ZuXu voLFkkesa gks jgh gSA og 'kwæ
ml os';kosQ lkFk dHkh xkrk] dHkh g¡lrk vkSj dHkh rjg&rjgdh
ps"Vk,¡ djosQ mls çlUu djrk gS AAÿù&öúAA fu"iki iq#"kks ! 'kwædh
Hkqtkvksaesa vXjkxkfn dkeksíhid oLrq,¡ yxh gqbZ Fkha vkSj og muls
ml oqQyVkdk vkfyXu dj jgk FkkA vtkfey mUgsa bl voLFkkesa

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

ns[kdj lglk eksfgr vkSj dkeosQ o'k gks x;k AAöûAA ;|fi
vtkfeyus vius /S;Z vkSj KkuosQ vuqlkj vius dke&osxls fopfyr
eudks jksdusdh cgqr&cgqr ps"Vk,¡ dha] ijUrq iwjh 'kfDr yxk nsusij
Hkh og vius eudks jksdusesa vleFkZ jgk AAöüAA ml os';kdks
fufeÙk cukdj dke&fi'kkpus vtkfeyosQ eudks xzl fy;kA bldh
lnkpkj vkSj 'kkL=k& lEcU/h psruk u"V gks x;hA vc ;g eu&gh&eu
mlh os';kdk fpUru djus yxk vkSj vius /eZls foeq[k gks
x;k AAöýAA vtkfey lqUnj&lqUnj oL=k&vkHkw"k.k vkfn oLrq,¡]
ftuls og çlUu gksrh] ys vkrkA ;gk¡rd fd blus vius firkdh
lkjh lEifÙk nsdj Hkh mlh oqQyVkdks fj>k;kA ;g czkã.k mlh
çdkjdh ps"Vk djrk] ftlls og os';k çlUu gks AAöþAA ml
LoPNUnpkfj.kh oqQyVkdh frjNh fprouus blosQ eudks ,slk yqHkk
fy;k fd blus viuh oqQyhu uo;qorh vkSj fookfgrk iRuhrddk
ifjR;kx dj fn;kA blosQ ikidh Hkh Hkyk dksbZ lhek gS AAöÿAA ;g
oqQcqf¼ U;k;ls] vU;k;ls tSls Hkh tgk¡ dgha Hkh /u feyrk] oghals
mBk ykrkA ml os';kosQ cM+s oqQVqEcdk ikyu djusesa gh ;g O;Lr
jgrk AAööAA bl ikihus 'kkL=kkKkdk mYy†u djosQ LoPNUn vkpj.k
fd;k gSA ;g lRiq#"kksaosQ }kjk fufUnr gSA blus cgqr fnuksard
os';kosQ ey&leku vifo=k vUuls viuk thou O;rhr fd;k gS]
bldk lkjk thou gh ikie; gS AAö÷AA blus vcrd vius ikiksadk
dksbZ çk;f'pÙk Hkh ugha fd;k gSA blfy;s vc ge bl ikihdks
n.Mikf.k Hkxoku~ ;ejktosQ ikl ys tk;¡xsA ogk¡ ;g vius ikiksadk
n.M Hkksxdj 'kq¼ gks tk;xk AAöøAA

param sawa/09-7-11
97

189

190

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

pksj] 'kjkch] fe=kæksgh] czã?kkrh] xq#iRuhxkeh] ,sls yksxksadk lalxhZ]
L=kh] jktk] firk vkSj xk;dks ekjusokyk] pkgs tSlk vkSj pkgs ftruk
cM+k ikih gks] lHkh osQ fy;s ;ghµbruk gh lcls cM+k çk;f'pÙk
gS fd Hkxoku~osQ ukeksadk mPpkj.kû fd;k tk;_ D;ksfa d HkxoUukeksaoQs
mPpkj.kls euq";dh cqf¼ Hkxoku~oQs xq.k] yhyk vkSj Lo:iesa je tkrh
gS vkSj Lo;a Hkxoku~dh mlosQ çfr vkReh;cqf¼ gks tkrh gS AAù&ûúAA
cM+&s cM+s czãoknh ½f"k;ksua s ikiksoa Qs cgqr&ls çk;f'pÙkµÑPNªpkUæk;.k
vkfn ozr cryk;s gSa_ ijUrq mu çk;f'pÙkksals ikihdh oSlh tM+ls
'kqf¼ ugha gksrh] tSlh Hkxoku~osQ ukeksadk] muls xqfEiQr inksadkü
mPpkj.k djusls gksrh gSA D;ksafd os uke ifo=kdhfrZ Hkxoku~osQ
xq.kksadk Kku djkusokys gSa AAûûAA ;fn çk;f'pÙk djusosQ ckn Hkh
eu fiQjls oqQekxZeµ
as ikidh vksj nkSM]s+ rks og pje lhekdkµiwjk&iwjk
çk;f'pÙk ugha gSA blfy;s tks yksx ,slk çk;f'pÙk djuk pkgsa fd
ftlls ikideks± vkSj oklukvksd
a h tM+ gh m[kM+ tk;] mUgsa Hkxoku~oQs
xq.kksadk gh xku djuk pkfg;s_ D;ksafd mlls fpÙk loZFkk 'kq¼ gks

AA Jhgfj% AA

nwljk vè;k;
fo".kqnwrksa}kjk Hkkxor/eZ&fu:i.k vkSj vtkfeydk
ije/kexeu
Jh'kqdnsoth dgrs gSaµijhf{kr~ ! Hkxoku~osQ uhfrfuiq.k
,oa /eZdk eeZ tkuusokys ik"kZnksua s ;enwrksd
a k ;g vfHkHkk"k.k lqudj
muls bl çdkj dgkµAAûAA
Hkxoku~osQ ik"kZnksaus dgkµ;enwrks ! ;g cM+s vk'p;Z vkSj
[ksndh ckr gS fd /eZKksadh lHkkesa v/eZ ços'k dj jgk gS] D;ksafd
ogk¡ fujijk/ vkSj vn.Muh; O;fDr;ksadks O;FkZ gh n.M fn;k tkrk
gS AAüAA tks çtkosQ j{kd gSa] 'kkld gSa] len'khZ vkSj ijksidkjh
gSaµ;fn os gh çtkosQ çfr fo"kerkdk O;ogkj djus yxsa rks fiQj
çtk fdldh 'kj.k ysxh\ AAýAA lRiq#"k tSlk vkpj.k djrs gSa]
lk/kj.k yksx Hkh oSlk gh djrs gSaA os vius vkpj.kosQ }kjk ftl
deZdks /ekZuqowQy çekf.kr dj nsrs gSa] yksx mlhdk vuqdj.k djus
yxrs gSa AAþAA lk/kj.k yksx i'kqvksaosQ leku /eZ vkSj v/eZdk
Lo:i u tkudj fdlh lRiq#"kij fo'okl dj ysrs gSa] mldh
xksnesa flj j[kdj fuHkZ; vkSj fuf'pUr lks tkrs gSa AAÿAA ogh n;kyq
lRiq#"k] tks çkf.k;ksadk vR;Ur fo'oklik=k gS vkSj ftls fe=kHkkols
viuk fgrS"kh le>dj mUgksaus vkReleiZ.k dj fn;k gS] mu vKkuh
thoksaosQ lkFk oSQls fo'okl?kkr dj ldrk gS\ AAöAA
;enwrks ! blus dksfV&dksfV tUeksd
a h iki&jkf'kdk iwjk&iwjk
çk;f'pÙk dj fy;k gSA D;ksfa d blus foo'k gksdj gh lgh] Hkxoku~oQs
ije dY;k.ke; (eks{kçn) ukedk mPpkj.k rks fd;k gS AA÷AA ftl
le; blus ^ukjk;.k* bu pkj v{kjksd
a k mPpkj.k fd;k] mlh le;
osQoy mrusls gh bl ikihosQ leLr ikiksd
a k çk;f'pÙk gks x;k AAøAA

û- bl çlX esa ^uke&O;kgj.k* dk vFkZ ukeksPpkj.k gh gSA Hkxoku~
JhÑ".k dgrs gSaµ
^esjs nwj gksusosQ dkj.k ækSinhus tksj&tksjls] ^xksfoUn&xksfoUn* bl çdkj
d#.k&ØUnu djosQ eq>s iqdkjkA og ½.k esjs mQij c<+ x;k gS vkSj esjs ân;ls
mldk Hkkj {k.kHkjosQ fy;s Hkh ugha gVrkA
ü- ^ukeinS%* dgusdk ;g vfHkçk; gS fd Hkxoku~dk osQoy uke
^jke&jke*] ^Ñ".k&Ñ".k*] ^gfj&gfj*] ^ukjk;.k&ukjk;.k* vUr%dj.kdh 'kqf¼osQ
fy;sµikikasdh fuo`fÙkosQ fy;s i;kZIr gSA ^ue% uekfe* bR;kfn fØ;k tksM+usdh Hkh
dksbZ vko';drk ugha gSA ukeosQ lkFk cgqopudk ç;ksxµHkxoku~osQ uke cgqr&ls
gSa] fdlhdk Hkh lVhrZu dj ys] bl vfHkçk;ls gSA ,d O;fDr lc ukeksadk
mPpkj.k djs] bl vfHkçk;ls ughaA D;ksafd Hkxoku~osQ uke vuUr gSa_ lc ukeksadk
mPpkj.k lEHko gh ugha gSA rkRi;Z ;g gS fd Hkxoku~osQ ,d ukedk mPpkj.k
djusek=kls lc ikiksadh fuo`fÙk gks tkrh gSA iw.kZ fo'okl u gksus rFkk ukeksPpkj.kosQ
i'pkr~ Hkh iki djusosQ dkj.k gh mldk vuqHko ugha gksrkA
param sawa/09-7-11
98

vtkfeydk ije/kexeu

191

192

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

vutkuesa mPpkj.k djusij Hkh Hkxoku~dk ukeû viuk iQy nsdj
gh jgrk gS (oLrq'kfDr J¼kdh vis{kk ugha djrh) AAûùAA
Jh'kqdnsoth dgrs gSµ
a jktu~ ! bl çdkj Hkxoku~oQs ik"kZnksua s
Hkkxor/eZdk iwjk&iwjk fu.kZ; lquk fn;k vkSj vtkfeydks ;enwrksaosQ
ik'kls NqM+kdj e`R;qosQ eq[kls cpk fy;k AAüúAA fç; ijhf{kr~ !
ik"kZnksadh ;g ckr lqudj ;enwr ;ejktosQ ikl x;s vkSj mUgsa ;g
lkjk o`ÙkkUr T;ksa&dk&R;ksa lquk fn;k AAüûAA
vtkfey ;enwrksaosQ iaQnsls NwVdj fuHkZ; vkSj LoLFk gks
x;kA mlus Hkxoku~osQ ik"kZnksaosQ n'kZutfur vkuUnesa eXu gksdj mUgsa
flj >qdkdj ç.kke fd;k AAüüAA fu"iki ijhf{kr~! Hkxoku~osQ
ik"kZnksaus ns[kk fd vtkfey oqQN dguk pkgrk gS] rc os lglk

tkrk gS AAûüAA
blfy;s ;enwrks ! rqeyksx vtkfeydks er ys tkvksA blus
lkjs ikiksadk çk;f'pÙk dj fy;k gS] D;ksafd blus ejrs le;û
Hkxoku~osQ ukedk mPpkj.k fd;k gS AAûýAA
cM+s&cM+s egkRek iq#"k ;g ckr tkurs gSa fd lVsresa
(fdlh nwljs vfHkçk;ls)] ifjgkles]a rku vykiuseas vFkok fdlhdh
vogsyuk djusesa Hkh ;fn dksbZ Hkxoku~osQ ukeksadk mPpkj.k djrk gS
rks mlosQ lkjs iki u"V gks tkrs gSa AAûþAA tks euq"; fxjrs le;] iSj
fiQlyrs le;] vX&HkX gksrs le; vkSj lk¡iosQ M¡lrs] vkxesa
tyrs rFkk pksV yxrs le; Hkh foo'krkls ^gfj&gfj* dgdj
Hkxoku~osQ ukedk mPpkj.k dj ysrk gS] og ;e;krukdk ik=k ugha
jg tkrk AAûÿAA egf"kZ;ksaus tkucw>dj cM+s ikiksaosQ fy;s cM+s vkSj
NksVs ikiksoa Qs fy;s NksVs çk;f'pÙk cryk;s gSa AAûöAA blesa lUnsg ugha
fd mu riL;k] nku] ti vkfn çk;f'pÙkksaosQ }kjk os iki u"V gks
tkrs gSaA ijUrq mu ikiksals efyu gqvk mldk ân; 'kq¼ ugha gksrkA
Hkxoku~osQ pj.kksadh lsokls og Hkh 'kq¼ gks tkrk gS AAû÷AA ;enwrks!
tSls tku ;k vutkuesa b±/uls vfXudk Li'kZ gks tk; rks og HkLe
gks gh tkrk gS] oSls gh tku&cw>dj ;k vutkuesa Hkxoku~osQ
ukeksadk lVhrZu djusls euq";osQ lkjs iki HkLe gks tkrs gSa AAûøAA
tSls dksbZ ije 'kfDr'kkyh ve`rdks mldk xq.k u tkudj vutkuesa
ih ys rks Hkh og vo'; gh ihusokysdks vej cuk nsrk gS] oSls gh

û- oLrq dh LokHkkfod 'kfDr bl ckrdh çrh{kk ugha djrh fd ;g
eq>ij J¼k j[krk gS fd ugha] tSls vfXu ;k ve`rA
^nq"VfpÙk euq";osQ }kjk Lej.k fd;s tkusij Hkh Hkxoku~ Jhgfj ikiksadks gj
ysrs gSaA vutkuesa ;k vfuPNkls Li'kZ djusij Hkh vfXu tykrh gh gSA*
Hkxoku~osQ ukedk mPpkj.k osQoy ikidks gh fuo`Ùk djrk gS] bldk vkSj
dksbZ iQy ugha gS] ;g /kj.kk Hkzeiw.kZ gS_ D;ksafd 'kkL=kesa dgk gSµ
^ftlus ^gfj*µ;s nks v{kj ,d ckj Hkh mPpkj.k dj fy;s] mlus eks{k
çkIr djusosQ fy;s ifjdj ck¡/ fy;k] isaQV dl yhA* bl opuls ;g fl¼ gksrk
gS fd HkxoUuke eks{kdk Hkh lk/u gSA eks{kosQ lkFk&lkFk ;g /eZ] vFkZ vkSj
dkedk Hkh lk/u gS_ D;ksafd ,sls vusd çek.k feyrs gSa] ftuesa f=koxZ&flf¼dk
Hkh uke gh dkj.k cryk;k x;k gSµ
^ftldh ftàkosQ uksdij ^gfj* ;s nks v{kj clrs gSa] mls xXk] x;k]
lsrqcU/] dk'kh vkSj iq"djdh dksbZ vko';drk ugha] vFkkZr~ mudh ;k=kk] Luku
vkfndk iQy HkxoUukels gh fey tkrk gSA ftlus ^gfj* bu nks v{kjksadk mPpkj.k
dj fy;k] mlus ½Xosn] ;tqosZn] lkeosn vkSj vFkoZosndk vè;;u dj fy;kA
ftlus ^gfj* ;s nks v{kj mPpkj.k fd;s] mlus nf{k.kkosQ lfgr v'oes/ vkfn
;KksaosQ }kjk ;tu dj fy;kA ^gfj* ;s nks v{kj e`R;qosQ i'pkr~ ijyksdosQ ekxZesa
ç;k.k djusokys çk.kksaosQ fy;s ikFks; (ekxZosQ fy;s Hkkstudh lkexzh) gSa] lalkj:i
jksxksaosQ fy;s fl¼ vkS"k/ gSa vkSj thouosQ nq%[k vkSj Dys'kksaosQ fy;s ifj=kk.k gSaA*

û- ikidh fuo`fÙkosQ fy;s HkxoUukedk ,d va'k gh i;kZIr gS] tSls ^jke*
dk ^jk*A blus rks lEiw.kZ ukedk mPpkj.k dj fy;kA ejrs le;dk vFkZ Bhd ejusdk
{k.k gh ugha gS] D;ksfa d ejusoQs {k.k tSls ÑPNª&pkUæk;.k (ozr) vkfn djusoQs fy;s
fof/ ugha gks ldrh] oSls ukeksPpkj.kdh Hkh ugha gSA blfy;s ^fez;ek.k* 'kCndk ;g
vfHkçk; gS fd vc vkxs blls dksbZ iki gksud
s h lEHkkouk ugha gSA
param sawa/09-7-11
99

vtkfeydk ije/kexeu

193

194

mlosQ lkeus gh ogha vUr/kZu gks x;s AAüýAA bl voljij
vtkfeyus Hkxoku~osQ ik"kZnksals fo'kq¼ Hkkxor& /eZ vkSj ;enwrksaosQ
eq[kls osnksDr lxq.k (ço`fÙkfo"k;d) /eZdk Jo.k fd;k Fkk AAüþAA
loZikigkjh Hkxoku~dh efgek lquusls vtkfeyosQ ân;esa 'kh?kz gh
HkfDrdk mn; gks x;kA vc mls vius ikiksadks ;kn djosQ cM+k
i'pkÙkki gksus yxk AAüÿAA (vtkfey eu&gh&eu lkspus yxkµ)
^vjs] eSa oSQlk bfUæ;ksadk nkl gw¡ ! eSua s ,d nklhosQ xHkZls iq=k mRiUu
djosQ viuk czkã.kRo u"V dj fn;kA ;g cM+s nq%[kdh ckr gS AAüöAA
f/Ddkj gS ! eq>s ckj&ckj f/Ddkj gS ! eSa larksaosQ }kjk fufUnr gw¡]
ikikRek gw¡ ! eSaus vius oqQyesa dyVdk Vhdk yxk fn;k !

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

gk;&gk;] eSaus viuh lrh ,oa vcks/ iRuhdk ifjR;kx dj fn;k
vkSj 'kjkc ihusokyh oqQyVkdk lalxZ fd;k AAü÷AA eSa fdruk uhp
gw¡ ! esjs ek¡&cki cw<s+ vkSj riLoh FksA os loZFkk vlgk; Fks] mudh
lsok&'kqJw"kk djusokyk vkSj dksbZ ugha FkkA eSaus mudk Hkh ifjR;kx
dj fn;kA vksg ! eSa fdruk Ñr?u gw¡ AAüøAA eSa vc vo'; gh
vR;Ur Hk;kous ujdesa fx:¡xk] ftlesa fxjdj /eZ?kkrh ikikRek
dkeh iq#"k vusdksa çdkjdh ;e;kruk Hkksxrs gSa AAüùAA
^eSaus vHkh tks vn~Hkqr n`'; ns[kk] D;k og LoIu gS\ vFkok
tkxzr~ voLFkkdk gh çR;{k vuqHko gS\ vHkh&vHkh tks gkFkksaesa iaQnk
ysdj eq>s [khap jgs Fks] os dgk¡ pys x;s\ AAýúAA vHkh&vHkh os eq>s
vius iaQnksaesa iQ¡lkdj i`FohosQ uhps ys tk jgs Fks] ijUrq pkj vR;Ur

bu opuksals ;g fl¼ gksrk gS fd HkxoUuke vFkZ] /eZ] dkeµbu rhu
oxksd
± k Hkh lk/d gSA ;g ckr ^gfj*] ^ukjk;.k* vkfn oqQN fo'ks"k ukeksoa Qs lEcU/
esa gh ugha gS] çR;qr lHkh ukeksaosQ lEcU/esa gS_ D;ksafd LFkku&LFkkuij ;g ckr
lkekU;:ils dgh x;h gS fd vuUrosQ uke] fo".kqosQ uke] gfjosQ uke bR;kfnA
Hkxoku~osQ lHkh ukeksaesa ,d gh 'kfDr gSA
uke&lVhrZu vkfnesa o.kZ&vkJedk Hkh fu;e ugha gSµ
^czkã.k] {kf=k;] oS';] L=kh] 'kwæ] vUR;t vkfn tgk¡&rgk¡ fo".kq Hkxoku~oQs
ukedk vuqdhrZu djrs jgrs gS]a os Hkh leLr ikiksl
a s eqDr gksdj lukru ijekRekdks
çkIr gksrs gSaA*
uke&lVhrZuesa ns'k&dky vkfnosQ fu;e Hkh ugha gSaµ
^ns'k&dkydk fu;e ugha gS] 'kkSp&v'kkSp vkfndk fu.kZ; djusdh Hkh
vko';drk ugha gSA osQoy ^jke&jke* ;g ladhrZu djusek=kls tho eqDr gks tkrk
gSA × × × Hkxoku~osQ ukedk ladhrZu djusesa u ns'kdk fu;e gS vkSj u rks
dkydkA blesa dksbZ lUnsg ughaA jktu~ ! ;K] nku] rhFkZLuku vFkok fof/iwoZd
tiosQ fy;s 'kq¼ dkydh vis{kk gS] ijUrq HkxoUukeosQ bl ladhrZuesa dky&'kqf¼dh
dksbZ vko';drk ugha gSA pyrs&fiQjrs] [kM+s jgrsµlksrs] [kkrs&ihrs vkSj ti djrs]
gq, Hkh ^Ñ".k&Ñ".k* ,slk ladhrZu djosQ euq"; ikiosQ osQa pqyls NwV tkrk gSA ××
vifo=k gks ;k ifo=kµlHkh voLFkkvksea as (pkgs fdlh Hkh voLFkkes)a tks deyu;u
Hkxoku~dk Lej.k djrk gS] og ckgj&Hkhrj ifo=k gks tkrk gSA*

^ftldh ftàkij ^Ñ".k&Ñ".k&Ñ".k* ;g eXye; uke u`R; djrk
jgrk gS] mldh dksfV&dksfV egkikrdjkf'k rRdky HkLe gks tkrh gSA lkjs ;K]
yk[kksa ozr] loZrhFkZ&Luku] ri] vusdksa miokl] gtkjksa osn&ikB] i`Fohdh lSdM+ksa
çnf{k.kk Ñ".kuke&tiosQ lksygosa fgLlsosQ cjkcj Hkh ugha gks ldrhaA*
HkxoUukeosQ dhrZuesa gh ;g iQy gks] lks ckr ughaA muosQ Jo.k vkSj
Lej.kesa Hkh ogh iQy gSA n'ke LdU/osQ vUresa dgsaxs ^ftuosQ ukedk Lej.k vkSj
mPpkj.k veXy?u gSA* f'koxhrk vkSj iÁiqjk.kesa dgk gSµ
^Hkxoku~ dgrs gSa fd vk'p;Z] Hk;] 'kksd] {kr (pksV yxus) vkfnosQ
voljij tks esjk uke cksy mBrk gS] ;k fdlh O;kt (cgkus)&ls Lej.k djrk gS]
og ijexfrdks çkIr gksrk gSA e`R;q ;k thouµpkgs tc dHkh Hkxoku~dk uke Lej.k
djusokys euq";ksadh iki&jkf'k rRdky u"V gks tkrh gSA mu fpnkRek çHkqdks
ueLdkj gSA*
^bfrgklksÙke* esa dgk x;k gSµ
^egkeqfu czkã.knso ! HkDrjktosQ eq[kls ujdesa jgusokys çkf.k;ksaus
JhgfjosQ ukedk Jo.k fd;k vkSj os rRdky ujdls eqDr gks x;sA*
;K&;kxkfn:i /eZ vius vuq"BkuosQ fy;s ftl ifo=k ns'k] dky] ik=k]
'kfDr] lkexzh] J¼k] eU=k] nf{k.kk vkfndh vis{kk j[krk gS] bl dfy;qxesa mldk
lEiUu gksuk vR;Ur dfBu gSA HkxoUuke&ladhrZuosQ }kjk mldk iQy vuk;kl gh
çkIr fd;k tk ldrk gSA Hkxoku~ 'kVj ikoZrhosQ çfr dgrs gSaµ
param sawa/09-7-11
100

vtkfeydk ije/kexeu

195

196

lqUnj fl¼ksaus vkdj eq>s NqM+k fy;k ! os vc dgk¡ pys x;s AAýûAA
;|fi eSa bl tUedk egkikih gw¡] fiQj Hkh eSaus iwoZtUeksaesa vo';
gh 'kqHkdeZ fd;s gksaxs_ rHkh rks eq>s bu Js"B nsorkvksaosQ n'kZu gq,A
mudh Le`frls esjk ân; vc Hkh vkuUnls Hkj jgk gS AAýüAA eSa
oqQyVkxkeh vkSj vR;Ur vifo=k gw¡A ;fn iwoZtUeesa eSaus iq.; u fd;s
gksrs] rks ejusosQ le; esjh thHk Hkxoku~osQ eukseksgd ukedk mPpkj.k
oSQls dj ikrh\ AAýýAA dgk¡ rks eSa egkdiVh] ikih] fuyZTt vkSj
czãrstdks u"V djusokyk rFkk dgk¡ Hkxoku~dk og ije eXye;
^ukjk;.k* uke ! (lpeqp eSa rks ÑrkFkZ gks x;k) AAýþAA vc eSa
vius eu] bfUæ; vkSj çk.kksadks o'kesa djosQ ,slk ç;Ru d:¡xk fd
fiQj viusdks ?kksj vU/dkje; ujdesa u Mkywa¡AAýÿAA vKkuo'k eSaus
viusdks 'kjhj le>dj mlosQ fy;s cM+h&cM+h dkeuk,¡ dha vkSj
mudh iwfrZosQ fy;s vusdksa deZ fd;sA mUghadk iQy gS ;g cU/u!

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

vc eSa bls dkVdj leLr çkf.k;ksadk fgr d:¡xk] oklukvksadks 'kkUr
dj nw¡xk] lcls fe=krkdk O;ogkj d:¡xk] nqf[k;ksaij n;k d:¡xk vkSj
iwjs la;eosQ lkFk jgw¡xk AAýöAA Hkxoku~dh ek;kus L=khdk :i
/kj.k djosQ eq> v/edks iQk¡l fy;k vkSj ØhM+ke`xdh Hkk¡fr eq>s cgqr
ukp upk;kA vc eSa vius&vkidks ml ek;kls eqDr d:¡xk AAý÷AA eSaus
lR; oLrq ijekRekdks igpku fy;k gS_ vr% vc eSa 'kjhj vkfnesa
^eSa* rFkk ^esjs* dk Hkko NksM+dj HkxoUukeosQ dhrZu vkfnls vius
eudks 'kq¼ d:¡xk vkSj mls Hkxoku~esa yxkm¡Qxk AAýøAA
Jh'kqdnsoth dgrs gSaµijhf{kr~ ! mu Hkxoku~osQ ik"kZn
egkRekvksadk osQoy FkksM+h gh nsjosQ fy;s lRlX gqvk FkkA brusls
gh vtkfeyosQ fpÙkesa lalkjosQ çfr rhoz oSjkX; gks x;kA os lcosQ
lEcU/ vkSj eksgdks NksMd
+ j gfj}kj pys x;s AAýùAA ml nsoLFkkuesa
tkdj os Hkxoku~oQs efUnjesa vkluls cSB x;s vkSj mUgksua s ;ksxekxZdk
vkJ; ysdj viuh lkjh bfUæ;ksadks fo"k;ksals gVkdj euesa yhu dj
fy;k vkSj eudks cqf¼esa feyk fn;k AAþúAA blosQ ckn vkRefpUruosQ
}kjk mUgksaus cqf¼dks fo"k;ksals i`Fkd~ dj fy;k rFkk Hkxoku~osQ /ke

^lEiw.kZ txr~dk Lokeh gksusij Hkh eSa fo".kqHkxoku~osQ ukedk gh ti djrk
gw¡A eSa rqels lR;&lR; dgrk gw¡] Hkxoku~dks NksM+dj thoksaosQ fy;s vU; deZdk.M
vkfn dksbZ Hkh xfr ugha gSA* Jhe‰kxoresa gh ;g ckr vkxs vkusokyh gS fd lR;;qxesa
è;kuls] =ksrkesa ;Kls vkSj }kijesa vpkZ&iwtkls tks iQy feyrk gS] dfy;qxesa og
osQoy HkxoUukels feyrk gSA vkSj Hkh gS fd dfy;qx nks"kksadk fuf/ gS] ijUrq blesa
,d egku~ xq.k ;g gS fd JhÑ".k& ladhrZuek=kls gh tho cU/ueqDr gksdj ijekRekdks
çkIr dj ysrk gSA
bl çdkj ,d ckjosQ ukeksPpkj.kdh Hkh vuUr efgek 'kkL=kksaesa dgh x;h
gSA ;gk¡ ewy çlXesa ghµ^,dnkfi* dgk x;k gS_ ^lÑnqPpfjra* dk mYys[k fd;k
tk pqdk gSA ckj&ckj tks ukeksPpkj.kdk fo/ku gS] og vkxs vkSj iki u mRiUu gks
tk;¡] blosQ fy;s gSA ,sls opu Hkh feyrs gSa fd Hkxoku~osQ ukedk mPpkj.k djusls
Hkwr] orZeku vkSj Hkfo";osQ lkjs gh iki HkLe gks tkrs gSaA
fiQj Hkh HkxoRçseh thodks ikiksaosQ uk'kij vf/d n`f"V ugha j[kuh
pkfg;s_ mls rks HkfDr&Hkkodh n`<r+ kosQ fy;s] Hkxoku~oQs pj.kksea as vf/dkf/d çse c<+rk
tk;] bl n`f"Vls vgfuZ'k fuR;&fujUrj Hkxoku~osQ e/qj&e/qj uke tirs tkuk
pkfg;sA ftruh vf/d fu"dkerk gksxh] mruh&gh&mruh ukedh iw.kZrk çdV gksrh
tk;xh] vuqHkoesa vkrh tk;xhA

vusd rk£ddksaosQ euesa ;g dYiuk mBrh gS fd ukedh efgek
okLrfod ugha gS] vFkZoknek=k gSA muosQ euesa ;g /kj.kk rks gks gh tkrh gS fd
'kjkcdh ,d cwan Hkh ifrr cukusosQ fy;s i;kZIr gS] ijarq ;g fo'okl ugha gksrk
fd Hkxoku~dk ,d uke Hkh ije dY;k.kdkjh gSA 'kkL=kksaesa HkxoUuke&efgekdks
vFkZokn le>uk iki crk;k gSA
^tks ujk/e iqjk.kksaesa vFkZokndh dYiuk djrs gSa muosQ }kjk mik£tr iq.;
oSls gh gks tkrs gSaA*
× × ×
^tks euq"; esjs uke&dhrZuosQ fofo/ iQy lqudj mlij J¼k ugha djrk
vkSj mls vFkZokn ekurk gS] mldks lalkjosQ fofo/ ?kksj rkiksals ihfM+r gksuk iM+rk
gS vkSj mls eSa vusd nq%[kksaesa Mky nsrk gw¡A* × × × × ^tks euq"; Hkxoku~osQ ukeesa
vFkZokndh lEHkkouk djrk gS] og euq";ksaesa vR;Ur ikih gS vkSj mls ujdesa fxjuk
iM+rk gSA*
param sawa/09-7-11
101

vtkfeydk ije/kexeu

197

vuqHkoLo:i ijczãesa tksM+ fn;k AAþûAA bl çdkj tc vtkfeydh
cqf¼ f=kxq.ke;h çÑfrls mQij mBdj Hkxoku~osQ Lo:iesa fLFkr gks
x;h] rc mUgksaus ns[kk fd muosQ lkeus os gh pkjksa ik"kZn] ftUgsa
mUgksaus igys ns[kk Fkk] [kM+s gSaA vtkfeyus flj >qdkdj mUgsa
ueLdkj fd;k AAþüAA mudk n'kZu ikusoQs ckn mUgksua s ml rhFkZLFkkuesa
xXkosQ rVij viuk 'kjhj R;kx fn;k vkSj rRdky Hkxoku~osQ
ik"kZnksd
a k Lo:i çkIr dj fy;k AAþýAA vtkfey Hkxoku~oQs ik"kZnksoa Qs
lkFk Lo.kZe; foekuij vk:<+ gksdj vkdk'kekxZls Hkxoku~
y{ehifrosQ fuoklLFkku oSoqQ.Bdks pys x;s AAþþAA
ijhf{kr~ ! vtkfeyus nklhdk lgokl djosQ lkjk
/eZ&deZ pkSiV dj fn;k FkkA os vius fufUnr deZosQ dkj.k ifrr
gks x;s FksA fu;eksals P;qr gks tkusosQ dkj.k mUgsa ujdesa fxjk;k tk
jgk FkkA ijUrq Hkxoku~osQ ,d ukedk mPpkj.k djusek=kls os mlls
rRdky eqDr gks x;s AAþÿAA tks yksx bl lalkjcU/uls eqDr gksuk
pkgrs gSa] muosQ fy;s vius pj.kksaosQ Li'kZls rhFkks±dks Hkh rhFkZ
cukusokys Hkxoku~osQ ukels c<+dj vkSj dksbZ lk/u ugha gS_ D;ksafd
ukedk vkJ; ysusls euq";dk eu fiQj deZosQ ipM+ksaesa ugha iM+rkA
HkxoUukeosQ vfrfjDr vkSj fdlh çk;f'pÙkdk vkJ; ysusij eu
jtksxq.k vkSj reksxq.kls xzLr gh jgrk gS rFkk ikiksadk iwjk&iwjk uk'k
Hkh ugha gksrk AAþöAA
ijhf{kr~ ! ;g bfrgkl vR;Ur xksiuh; vkSj leLr ikiksadk
uk'k djusokyk gSA tks iq#"k J¼k vkSj HkfDrosQ lkFk bldk
Jo.k&dhrZu djrk gS] og ujdesa dHkh ugha tkrkA ;ejktosQ nwr
rks vk¡[k mBkdj mldh vksj ns[krd ugha ldrsA ml iq#"kdk
thou pkgs ikie; gh D;ksa u jgk gks] oSoqQ.Byksdesa mldh iwtk
gksrh gS AAþ÷&þøAA ijhf{kr~ ! ns[kksµvtkfey tSls ikihus e`R;qosQ
le; iq=kosQ cgkus Hkxoku~osQ ukedk mPpkj.k fd;k ! mls Hkh
oSoqQ.Bdh çkfIr gks x;h ! fiQj tks yksx J¼kosQ lkFk HkxoUukedk
mPpkj.k djrs gSa] mudh rks ckr gh D;k gS AAþùAA

198

AA Jhgfj% AA

rhljk vè;k;
;e vkSj ;enwrksadk laokn
jktk ijhf{krus iwNkµHkxou~ ! nsokf/nso /eZjktosQ o'kesa
lkjs tho gSa vkSj Hkxoku~osQ ik"kZnksaus mUghadh vkKk Hkax dj nh rFkk
muosQ nwrksadks viekfur dj fn;kA tc muosQ nwrksaus ;eiqjhesa tkdj
muls vtkfeydk o`ÙkkUr dg lquk;k] rc lc oqQN lqudj mUgksaus
vius nwrksals D;k dgk\ AAûAA ½f"koj! eSaus igys ;g ckr dHkh
ugha lquh fd fdlhus fdlh Hkh dkj.kls /eZjktosQ 'kkludk
mYy†u fd;k gksA Hkxou~ ! bl fo"k;esa yksx cgqr lUnsg djsaxs
vkSj mldk fuokj.k vkiosQ vfrfjDr nwljk dksbZ ugha dj ldrk]
,slk esjk fu'p; gS AAüAA
Jh'kqdnsothus dgkµijhf{kr~ ! tc Hkxoku~osQ ik"kZnksaus
;enwrksadk ç;Ru foiQy dj fn;k] rc mu yksxksaus la;euhiqjhosQ
Lokeh ,oa vius 'kkld ;ejktos Q ikl tkdj fuos n u
fd;k AAýAA
;enwrksaus dgkµ çHkks! lalkjosQ tho rhu çdkjosQ deZ
djrs gSaµiki] iq.; vFkok nksuksals fefJrA bu thoksadks mu deks±dk
iQy nsusokys 'kkld lalkjesa fdrus gSa\ AAþAA ;fn lalkjesa n.M
nsuos kys cgqr&ls 'kkld gks]a rks fdls lq[k feys vkSj fdls nq%[kµbldh
O;oLFkk ,d&lh u gks losQxh AAÿAA lalkjesa deZ djusokyksaosQ
vusd gksusosQ dkj.k ;fn muosQ 'kkld Hkh vusd gksa] rks mu
'kkldksadk 'kkldiuk ukeek=kdk gh gksxk] tSls ,d lezkV~osQ
v/hu cgqr&ls ukeek=kosQ lkeUr gksrs gSa AAöAA blfy;s ge rks ,slk
le>rs gSa fd vosQys vki gh leLr çkf.k;ksa vkSj muosQ Lokfe;ksaosQ
Hkh v/h'oj gSaA vki gh euq";ksaosQ iki vkSj iq.;osQ fu.kkZ;d]

;e vkSj ;enwrksadk laokn

199

n.Mnkrk vkSj 'kkld gSa AA÷AA çHkks ! vcrd lalkjesa dgha Hkh
vkiosQ }kjk fu;r fd;s gq, n.Mdh vogsyuk ugha gqbZ Fkh_ fdUrq bl
le; pkj v‰qr fl¼ksua s vkidh vkKkdk mYy†u dj fn;k gS AAøAA
çHkks ! vkidh vkKkls geyksx ,d ikihdks ;krukx`gdh vksj ys tk jgs
Fks] ijUrq mUgksua s cyiwod
Z vkiosQ iaQns dkVdj mls NqMk+ fn;k AAùAA ge
vkils mudk jgL; tkuuk pkgrs gSAa ;fn vki geas lquusdk
vf/dkjh le>sa rks dgsAa çHkks! cM+s gh vk'p;Zdh ckr gqbZ fd
b/j rks vtkfeyosQ eq¡gls ^ukjk;.k !* ;g 'kCn fudyk vkSj
m/j os ^Mjks er] Mjks er !* dgrs gq, >ViV ogk¡ vk igqp
¡ s AAûúAA
Jh'kqdnsoth dgrs gSaµtc nwrksaus bl çdkj ç'u fd;k]
rc nsof'kjksef.k çtkosQ 'kkld Hkxoku~ ;ejktus çlUu gksdj
JhgfjosQ pj.kdeyksadk Lej.k djrs gq, muls dgk AAûûAA
;ejktus dgkµnwrks ! esjs vfrfjDr ,d vkSj gh pjkpj
txr~osQ Lokeh gSaA mUghaesa ;g lEiw.kZ txr~ lwresa oL=kosQ leku
vksrçksr gSA mUghaosQ va'k czãk] fo".kq vkSj 'kVj bl txr~dh
mRifÙk] fLFkfr rFkk çy; djrs gSaA mUghaus bl lkjs txr~dks uFks gq,
cSyosQ leku vius v/hu dj j[kk gS AAûüAA esjs I;kjs nwrks ! tSls
fdlku vius cSyksadks igys NksVh&NksVh jfLl;ksaesa ck¡/dj fiQj mu
jfLl;ksadks ,d cM+h vkM+h jLlhesa ck¡/ nsrs gSa] oSls gh txnh'oj
Hkxoku~us Hkh czkã.kkfn o.kZ vkSj czãp;Z vkfn vkJe:i NksVh&NksVh
ukedh jfLl;ksaesa ck¡/dj fiQj lc ukeksadks osnok.kh :i cM+h
jLlhesa ck¡/ j[kk gSA bl çdkj lkjs tho uke ,oa deZ:i cU/uesa
c¡/s gq, Hk;Hkhr gksdj mUgsa gh viuk loZLo HksaV dj jgs gSa AAûýAA
nwrks ! eS]a bUæ] fu½Zfr] o#.k] pUæek] vfXu] 'kVj] ok;q] lw;]Z czãk]
ckjgksa vkfnR;] fo'osnos rk] vkBksa olq] lkè;] mupkl e#r~] fl¼]
X;kjgksa #æ] jtksx.q k ,oa reksx.q kls jfgr Hk`xq vkfn çtkifr vkSj
cM+&s cM+s nsorkµlc&osQ&lc lÙoç/ku gksuis j Hkh mudh ek;kosQ
v/hu gSa rFkk Hkxoku~ dc D;k fdl :iesa djuk pkgrs gSµ
a bl ckr
dks ugha tkursA rc nwljksd
a h rks ckr gh D;k gS AAûþ&ûÿAA nwrks !

200

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

ftl çdkj ?kV] iV vkfn :ioku~ inkFkZ vius çdk'kd us=kdks ugha
ns[k ldrsµoSls gh vUr%dj.kesa vius lk{kh:ils fLFkr ijekRekdks
dksbZ Hkh çk.kh bfUæ;] eu] çk.k] ân; ;k ok.kh vkfn fdlh Hkh
lk/uosQ }kjk ugha tku ldrk AAûöAA os çHkq lcosQ Lokeh vkSj
Lo;a ije LorU=k gSaA mUgha ek;kifr iq#"kksÙkeosQ nwr mUghaosQ leku
ije euksgj :i] xq.k vkSj LoHkkols lEiUu gksdj bl yksdesa çk;%
fopj.k fd;k djrs gSa AAû÷AA fo".kqHkxoku~osQ lqjiwftr ,oa ije
vykSfdd ik"kZnksadk n'kZu cM+k nqyZHk gSA os Hkxoku~osQ HkDrtuksadks
muosQ 'k=kqvksals] eq>ls vkSj vfXu vkfn lc foifÙk;ksals loZFkk
lqjf{kr j[krs gSa AAûøAA
Lo;a Hkxoku~us gh /eZdh e;kZnkdk fuekZ.k fd;k gSA mls u
rks ½f"k tkurs gSa vkSj u nsork ;k fl¼x.k ghA ,slh fLFkfresa euq";]
fo|k/j] pkj.k vkSj vlqj vkfn rks tku gh oSQls ldrs gSa AAûùAA
Hkxoku~osQ }kjk fu£er Hkkxor/eZ ije 'kq¼ vkSj vR;Ur xksiuh;
gSA mls tkuuk cgqr gh dfBu gSA tks mls tku ysrk gS] og
HkxoRLo:idks çkIr gks tkrk gSA nwrks ! Hkkxor/eZdk jgL; ge
ckjg O;fDr gh tkurs gSaµ czãkth] nso£"k ukjn] Hkxoku~ 'kVj]
luRoqQekj] dfiynso] Lok;EHkqo euq] çÈkn] tud] Hkh"efirkeg]
cfy] 'kqdnsoth vkSj eSa (/eZjkt) AAüú&üûAA bl txr~esa thoksaosQ
fy;s cl] ;gh lcls cM+k drZO;µije /eZµgS fd os uke&dhrZu
vkfn mik;ksals Hkxoku~osQ pj.kksaesa HkfDrHkko çkIr dj ysa AAüüAA
fç; nwrks ! Hkxoku~oQs ukeksPpkj.kdh efgek rks ns[kks] vtkfey&tSlk
ikih Hkh ,d ckj ukeksPpkj.k djusek=kls e`R;qik'kls NqVdkjk ik
x;k AAüýAA Hkxoku~osQ xq.k] yhyk vkSj ukeksadk HkyhHkk¡fr euq";ksaosQ
ikiksadk loZFkk fouk'k dj ns] ;g dksbZ mldk cgqr cM+k iQy ugha
gS] D;ksafd vR;Ur ikih vtkfeyus ejusosQ le; p×py fpÙkls
vius iq=kdk uke ^ukjk;.k* mPpkj.k fd;kA bl ukekHkklek=kls gh
mlosQ lkjs iki rks {kh.k gks gh x;s] eqfDrdh çkfIr Hkh gks
param sawa/09-7-11
103

;e vkSj ;enwrksadk laokn

201

202

x;h AAüþAA cM+s&cM+s fo}kuksadh cqf¼ dHkh Hkxoku~dh ek;kls
eksfgr gks tkrh gSA os deks±osQ ehBs&ehBs iQyksadk o.kZu djusokyh
vFkZokn:fi.kh osnok.khesa gh eksfgr gks tkrs gSa vkSj ;K&;kxkfn
cM+&s cM+s dekse± as gh layXu jgrs gSa rFkk bl lqxekfrlqxe HkxoUukedh
efgekdks ugha tkursA ;g fdrus [ksndh ckr gS AAüÿAA
fç; nwrks ! cqf¼eku~ iq#"k ,slk fopkj dj Hkxoku~ vuUresa
gh lEiw.kZ vUr%dj.kls viuk HkfDrHkko LFkkfir djrs gSa A os esjs
n.MosQ ik=k ugha gSaA igyh ckr rks ;g gS fd os iki djrs gh ugha]
ijUrq ;fn dnkfpr~ la;ksxo'k dksbZ iki cu Hkh tk;] rks mls
Hkxoku~dk xq.kxku rRdky u"V dj nsrk gS AAüöAA tks len'khZ
lk/q Hkxoku~dks gh viuk lkè; vkSj lk/u nksuksa le>dj muij
fuHkZj gSa] cM+s&cM+s nsork vkSj fl¼ muosQ ifo=k pfj=kksadk çsels
xku djrs jgrs gSaA esjs nwrks ! Hkxoku~dh xnk mudh lnk j{kk djrh
jgrh gSaA muosQ ikl rqeyksx dHkh Hkwydj Hkh er iQVdukA mUgsa
n.M nsusdh lkeF;Z u geesa gS vkSj u lk{kkr~ dkyesa gh AAü÷AA
cM+s&cM+s ijegal fnO; jlosQ yksHkls lEiw.kZ txr~ vkSj 'kjhj
vkfnls Hkh viuh vgark&eerk gVkdj] vfd×pu gksdj fujUrj
Hkxoku~ eqoqQUnosQ iknkjfoUndk edjUn&jl iku djrs jgrs gSaA tks
nq"V ml fnO; jlls foeq[k gSa vkSj ujdosQ njokts ?kj&x`gLFkhdh
r`".kkdk cks>k ck¡/dj mls <ks jgs gS]a mUghadks esjs ikl ckj&ckj yk;k
djks AAüøAA ftudh thHk Hkxoku~osQ xq.kksa vkSj ukeksadk mPpkj.k ugha
djrh] ftudk fpÙk muosQ pj.kkjfoUnksadk fpUru ugha djrk vkSj
ftudk flj ,d ckj Hkh Hkxoku~ JhÑ".kosQ pj.kksaesa ugha >qdrk]
mu HkxoRlsokfoeq[k ikfi;ksadks gh esjs ikl yk;k djks AAüùAA vkt
esjs nwrksaus Hkxoku~osQ ik"kZnksadk vijk/ djosQ Lo;a Hkxoku~dk gh
frjLdkj fd;k gSA ;g esjk gh vijk/ gSA iqjk.kiq#"k Hkxoku~
ukjk;.k geyksxksadk ;g vijk/ {kek djsaA ge vKkuh gksusij Hkh gSa
muosQ futtu] vkSj mudh vkKk ikusosQ fy;s v×tfy ck¡/dj lnk

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

mRlqd jgrs gSaA vr% ije efgekfUor Hkxoku~osQ fy;s ;gh ;ksX; gS
fd os {kek dj nsaA eSa mu lokZUr;kZeh ,djl vuUr çHkqdks
ueLdkj djrk gw¡ AAýúAA
¹Jh'kqdnsoth dgrs gSaµº ijhf{kr~ ! blfy;s rqe ,slk
le> yks fd cM+s&ls&cM+s ikiksadk loksZÙke] vfUre vkSj
iki&oklukvksadks Hkh fuewZy dj Mkyusokyk çk;f'pÙk ;gh gS fd
osQoy Hkxoku~osQ xq.kksa] yhykvksa vkSj ukeksadk dhrZu fd;k tk;A
blhls lalkjdk dY;k.k gks ldrk gS AAýûAA tks yksx ckj&ckj
Hkxoku~oQs mnkj vkSj Ñikiw.kZ pfj=kksd
a k Jo.k& dhrZu djrs gS]a muosQ
ân;esa çsee;h HkfDrdk mn; gks tkrk gSA ml HkfDrls tSlh vkRe'kqf¼
gksrh gS] oSlh ÑPNª&pkUæk;.k vkfn ozrksl
a s ugha gksrh AAýüAA tks
euq"; Hkxoku~ JhÑ".kpUæosQ pj.kkjfoUn&edjUn&jldk yksHkh Hkzej
gS] og LoHkkols gh ek;kosQ vkikrjE;] nq%[kn vkSj igysls gh NksM+s
gq, fo"k;ksaesa fiQj ugha jerkA fdUrq tks yksx ml fnO; jlls foeq[k
gSa dkeukvksaus ftudh foosdcqf¼ij ikuh isQj fn;k gS] os vius
ikiksadk ektZu djusosQ fy;s iqu% çk;f'pÙk:i deZ gh djrs gSaA
blls gksrk ;g gS fd muosQ deks±dh okluk feVrh ugha vkSj os fiQj
oSls gh nks"k dj cSBrs gSa AAýýAA
ijhf{kr~ ! tc ;enwrksaus vius Lokeh /eZjktosQ eq[kls bl
çdkj Hkxoku~dh efgek lquh vkSj mldk Lej.k fd;k] rc muosQ
vk'p;Zdh lhek u jghA rHkhls os /eZjktdh ckrij fo'okl djosQ
vius uk'kdh vk'kVkls Hkxoku~osQ vkfJr HkDrksaosQ ikl ugha tkrsA
vkSj rks D;k] os mudh vksj vk¡[k mBkdj ns[kuseas Hkh Mjrs gSa AAýþAA
fç; ijhf{kr~ ! ;g bfrgkl ije xksiuh;µvR;Ur jgL;e; gSA
ey;ioZrij fojkteku Hkxoku~ vxLR;thus Jhgfjdh iwtk djrs
le; eq>s ;g lquk;k Fkk AAýÿAA

ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k ukjk;.k
param sawa/09-7-11
104

HkxoUuke efgek ,oa ije lsok dk egÙo

param sawa/09-7-11
105