Sol 2012 Issue 2

1 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012

,uz;lhk; miuahz;L - 2012
ISSN 1391-958X
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4
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tpopj;J %LtJ kl;Lk; mJ capUld;
,Ug;gij cWjp nra;fpwJ. eLj;ju
FLk;gj;ijr; Nrh;e;j ,th;fs; mLj;j
Foe;ij gw;wp Nahrpf;fNt Kbatpy;iy
vd;fpd;wdh;.Vnddpy; mLj;jJk; ,t;thW
gpwe;J tpl;lhy;.....
mtSf;F 40 taJ. gzpg;ngz;zhf
ntspehl;by; Ntiy. ,yq;if jpUk;gpa
NghJ mtsJ 14 taJ ngz;gps;is
nrhe;jj; jfg;gdpd; jfhj eltbf;ifahy;
fh;g;gkhd epiyapy; ,Ue;jhs;.ntspapy;
nrhy;yKbahJ. flTNs....vd; gps;isapd;
mg;gh vd; Ngug;gps;isf;Fk; mg;ghth?
ehd; vd;d nra;Ntd;? vd; gps;isapd;
vjph;fhyk;? gpwf;fg; NghFk; Foe;ijapd;
vjph;fhyk;? epiy Fiye;J epw;fpwhs;.
Aj;jj;jpy; mfg;gl;L kaq;fpf; fple;j
mtSf;F xU khjj;jpd; gpd; njhpe;jJ
tapw;wpy; Foe;ij cUthfpapUg;gJ.
vg;gb? ahuhy;? vq;Nf nrhy;tJ? Foe;ij
gpwe;jhy; vd;d nra;tJ? Ngjypj;J
epw;fpwhs;.
Nfs;tp Nfl;fj; njhpahjth;fsh ePq;fs;?
,th;fSf;fhf
NfSq;fs;...
By: Suren
7 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
rf;jp
[Nah vd; Kjy; Foe;ijf;F xU taJ
$l Mftpy;iy ,uz;lhtJ Foe;ijah?
vg;gb tsh;g;gJ? vk;khy; KbahNj.....
fUj;jil Kiwiag; gpd;gw;wpNdNd...
flTNs vd;d nra;tJ? gjw;wg;gl;L
epw;fpwhs; mts;.
Ntiyf;Fr; nrd;W jpUk;Gk; topapy;
rpyuhy; flj;jg;gl;L ty;YwTf;Fl;gl;l
23 taJg;ngz; mij ntspNa nrhd;dhy;
mtkhdk; vd fUjp kiwj;jhs;. Fw;wk;
Ghpe;jth;fSk; jz;lidapy;yhky;
jg;gpdh;. Mdhy; mtSf;F ngUk;
jz;lid. mts; fh;g;gkhdhs;.vd;d
nra;tJ? myWfpwhs;....
,e;j khjphpahd Fuy;fs; Mq;fhq;Nf
xypj;Jf; nfhz;Ljhd; ,Uf;fpwJ. ahh;
gjpy; nrhy;tJ? vt;thwhd gjpy;fs;
,th;fSf;F epthuzk; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;Fk;?
ngz;zpd; fh;g;gj;jpy; cUthd Ntz;lhj
Foe;ij. r%fk; nrhy;tnjd;d? rl;lk;
nrhy;tnjdd;? ngz;zhy; jPh;khdpf;f
Kbfpwjh? rpe;jpf;f Ntz;ba tplaq;fs;
,it.
,t;thwhd re;jh;g;gq;fspy; fUf;
fiyg;Gg; gw;wpNa mjpfstpy; rpe;jpf;f
Ntz;bAs;sJ. ,jw;F rl;lj;jpy;
,lkpy;yhj NghJ vd;d nra;tJ?
rl;lj;Jf;F Gwk;ghf fUf;fiyg;ig
nra;tjw;F ngz;fs; Kidfpd;wdh;.
tpisT. caph; Jwf;Fk; epiy.
rhp ,j;jifa Foe;ijfs; gpwe;jhy;
vd;d nra;tJ? ,j;jifa Foe;ijfSf;F
FLk;g r%f Vw;ghLfs; VjhthJ cz;lh?
,yq;ifapy; rpWkpfSk; ngz;fSkhf
ehs; xd;Wf;F 1000 vd;w vz;zpf;ifapy;
td; Gzh;r;rpf;F cs;shf;fg;gLfpd;wdh;.
,jidaLj;J mth;fs; r%fj;jpdhy;
xJf;fg;gLk; epiyf;Fk; cs;shfpd;wdh;.
mNjNeuk; ,e;j re;jh;g;gj;jpy; fU
cUthfp tpl;lhy; rl;l ,Wf;fj;jpdhy;
fUf;fiyg;G nra;J nfhs;shik
fhuzkhf mth;fs; Foe;ijia
ngw;nwLf;f Ntz;bAs;sJ.
me;j Foe;ijfspd; tho;Tk;
ghjpg;Gf;Fs;shfpwJ.
,e;jj; jfty;fs; mz;ikf; fhykhf
,yq;if Clfq;fspy; ntspg;gl;Ls;sd.
,yq;ifapy; fUf;fiyg;G njhlh;ghd
rl;l jpUj;jk; njhlg;gpy; Vw;gl;l
vjph;Gfspd; NghJ ,it njhpTf;fg;gl;ld.
,J njhlh;gpYk; ehk; rpe; jpf;f Ntz;Lk;.
mz;ikapy; (etk;gh; 2012) ele;j xU
cz;ikr; rk;gtk;
mau;yhe;jpy; tho;e;J te;j ,e;jpag;
gy; kUj;Jth; rtPjh fUj;jhpj;j gpd;dh;
mtUf;F cly; eyf; NfhshW Vw;gl;lJ.
kUj;Jtf; fhuzq;fSf;fhf mth; jdJ
fUitf; fiyj;J tplNtz;Lk; vd;w #oy;
cUthdJ. Mdhy; fj;Njhypf;f ehlhd
mah;yhe;jpy; fUf; fiyg;G nra;a rl;lg;gb
jil ,Uf;fpwJ. Mjdhy; mtUf;F
fUf;fiyg;G nra;a mq;Fs;s kUj;Jth;fs;
kWj;jjhfj; njhptpf;fg;gLfpwJ. gpdd;h;
rtPjhtpd; fU jhdhfNt fiye;j NghJ
nrg;brPkpah vd;w Nkhrkhd ghjpg;Gf;F
cs;shfp rtPjh ,we;J tpl;lhh;. ,e;j
rk;gtk; ngUk; rh;r;iria Vw;gLj;jpaij
mLj;J ,J njhlh;ghf tprhuiz elhj;jp
mwpf;if mspf;f 7Ngh; nfhz;l epGzh;
FO mikf;fg;gl;lJ. mf;FO mspj;j
mwpf;ifapy; mah;yhe;jpy; fUf;fiyg;Gr;
rl;lj;jpy; chpa jpUj;jj;ij Vw;gLj;j
muR tpiue;J nraw;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W
njhptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
fyhrhuk; r%f xOf;fk; vdf; fl;Lg;
gl;L tho;f;if elj;Jk; %d;whk; cyf
ehLfspy;jhd; ngz;fSk; rpWth;fSk;
ntspj;njhpahj Jd;gq;fSf;F ngUkstpy;
Mshfpd;wdh;. ntspj; njhpe;jhy; nfsutf;
FiwT mtkhdk; fyhrhur; rPuopT
vdg; gy Nghh;itfs; ngz;fis Rw;wp
Nghh;f;fg;gl;Ls;sd. ,it ngz;fis
kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; Jd;gj;Jf;Fs;shf;FfpwJ.
rpe;jpg;Nghk;. •
fh;g;gj;jpy;
Ntz;lhj Foe;ij.
r%fk; nrhy;tnjd;d ?
rl;lk; nrhy;tnjd;d?
ngz;zhy; jPh;khdpf;f
Kbfpwjh?
8
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
epidg;G..........
‘,Q;Nr mg;gh...,uz;L tUr
,ilntspf;F gpwF mLj;j
gps;isiag; gw;wp ghg;gk;.”
‘Vd;.....xU tUrk; vz;lhy;
ey;yJ ,uz;ilAk; Nrj;J
tsf;fyhk;. nryTk; nfhQ;rk;
Fiwth ,Uf;Fk;....”
‘mg;g ehd; fUj;jil khj;jpiuf;F
Nghfl;lh? my;yJ Yhg; itf;fth?”
‘Ntz;lhk; Ntz;lhk;....’nfhz;lk;”
ghtpg;gk; my;yJ lhf;lhpl;l Ngha;
Nfg;gk;”
‘k;.............”
elg;G...........
‘vd;d cdf;F ftdkhf ,Uf;f
njhpatpy;iyah? ,g;g mLj;j gps;isAk;
te;jh nryTf;F vq;f NghwJ?”
‘Vd; cq;fSf;F gq;fpy;iyah? vd;d
kl;Lk; fhpr;Rf; nfhl;LwPq;f”
‘Vdb Fspiria fpspiria Ntz;b
Fbr;rpUf;fyhNk...”
‘Vd; ePq;f VJk; nra;jpUf;fyhNk...”
‘cdf;F ,g;g tu tu tha; $bw;W...
vdf;F Mapuj;njl;L Ntiy...
ePnay;Nyh ftdkh ,Ue;jpUf; NtZk;.
Kjy; gps;is gpwe;j clNd gpwF Ngha;
Yhg; itr;rpUf;fyhNk...”
‘mnjd;dg;gh... vdf;F ,Jfs;
njhpANk... ePq;fs; nlhf;lhpl;l
fijr;rpUf;fyhNk..” ‘x...eP xz;Lk;
njhpahj rpd;d ghg;gh... vy;yhj;Jf;Fk;
ehd; tuNtZk;.”
‘Vd;..... ePq;fs; nfhz;lk;
ghtpr;rpUf;fyhk; jhNd...”
‘X....mnjy;hk; njhpAJ nlhf;lhpl;l
fijf;fj;jhd; njhpNay;y...”
‘cq;fNshl xz;Lk; fijf;f
VyhJ.......,g;g vd;d nra;apwJ? “
‘Ngh...Ngha; vq;fhtJ fUit
fiyf;NfYkh vz;L ghh;”
‘ehd; Mhpl;l Nff;fpwJ?”
‘Vd; cq;f mf;fk; gf;fj;jpy Nfl;L
ghud;..”
‘rl;gb Fw;wk;jhNd... vdf;F gakh
,Uf;fg;gh...”
‘cq;f fhR FLj;jh epiwaNgh; nra;a
,Uf;fpdk;.”
‘vd;u clk;Gf;F VJk; Mfhjh? gakh
,Uf;fg;gh...”
‘gps;isa ngj;J tsf;NfyhJ... vd;d
nra;tpNah njhpahJ. ,g;gNt mopr;rpU” •
nfhw;wit
9 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
c
yfpy; xU
kzpj;jpahyj;jpy; %d;W
fUf;fiyg;Gfs; rl;luPjpahfNth
rl;luPjpaw;w KiwapNyh
,lk;ngw;W tUfpd;wJ. rpy
ehLfs; mjw;F rl;luPjpahd
mDkjpapid toq;fpAs;s
mNjNtis rpy ehLfs; mjid
jilnra;Js;sd. ,d;Dk;
rpy ehLfs; mDkjpapid
Fwpg;gpl;l rpy jtpHf;f Kbahj
re;jHg;gq;fspd; NghJ> mjhtJ
jhapd; capUf;F Mgj;jhd
epiy> ghypay; ty;Ywtpdhy;
fUTwy;> Fiw tpUj;jp Nghd;w
fhuzq;fSf;fhf toq;fpAs;sd.
mjpYk; Fwpg;gpl;l rpy ehLfs;
jhapd; capUf;F Mgj;J
vd;Dk; epiy Vw;gLk;NghJ khj;jpuNk
fUf;fiyg;ig mDkjpj;Js;sik
Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.
fUf;fiyg;gpid rl;luPjpahf;FkhW
,d;Wk; fUf;fiyg;gpid
mDkjpf;fhj rpy ehLfspy; Nfhupf;if
tpLf;fg;gl;Lf;nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpd;wJ.
fUf;fiyg;gpid mDkjpf;ff;NfhUNthH
mjw;fhf gy epahaq;fis Kd;itf;fpd;w
mNjNtis mjid vjpHg;NghH mjw;fhd
epahag;ghLfis Kd;itf;fpd;wdH. If;fpa
,uhr;rpakhdJ rpy fl;Lg;ghLfSf;F
mika rl;l mDkjpAk;> fdlhtpy; rpy
fl;Lg;ghLfSld; XusT rl;l mDkjpAk;
toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mnkupf;fhtpy;
fUf;fiyg;G rl;luPjpahdJ. MdhYk; rpy
khepyq;fspy; ,Wf;fkhd rl;ljpl;lq;fs;
fhzg;gLfpd;wd.
fUf;fiyg;ghdJ capHf;nfhiyahf xU
rhuhuhy; fUjg;gLtNjhL kj uPjpahfTk;
Kd;itf;fg;gLfpd;w fUj;jhfTk;
fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. gpujhdkhf fj;Njhypf;f
fpwp];jt ehLfspy; ,J ngUk; Fw;wkhff;
fUjg;gLfpd;wJ. Mdhy; ,J njhlHghd
gy tpthjq;fs; ,d;Wtiu njhlu;fpd;wJ.
mjhtJ fUTf;F capupy;iy mjdhy;
mJ nfhiyahfkhl;lhJ vd;Wk;> vl;Lf;
fpoikfshdJk; KjpHf;fUtpd; (Fetus)
%is tsHr;rpailaj; njhlq;FtjhfTk;
capupdk; vdf;fUJtjw;F tpQ;Qhd
uPjpahd gz;Gfs; midj;ijAk; mJ
nfhz;bUg;gjhy;
mJ nfhiyahFk;
vd;Wk; ep&gpf;f
Kaw;rpf;fpd;wdH.
,d;W r%fj;jpy; eilKiwapy;
fhzg;gLfpd;w gy gpur;rpidfis
vLj;J Nehf;Fk; NghJ fUf;fiyg;ghdJ
rl;luPjpahf Mf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;
cyfpy; xU kzpj;jpahyj;jpy; %d;W
fUf;fiyg;Gfs; rl;luPjpahfNth
rl;luPjpaw;w KiwapNyh ,lk;ngw;W
tUfpd;wJ. rpy ehLfs; mjw;F
rl;luPjpahd mDkjpapid toq;fpAs;s
mNjNtis rpy ehLfs; mjid
jilnra;Js;sd. ,d;Dk; rpy ehLfs;
mDkjpapid Fwpg;gpl;l rpy jtpHf;f
Kbahj re;jHg;gq;fspd; NghJ> mjhtJ
jhapd; capUf;F Mgj;jhd epiy> ghypay;
ty;Ywtpdhy; fUTwy;> Fiw tpUj;jp
Nghd;w fhuzq;fSf;fhf toq;fpAs;sd.
mjpYk; Fwpg;gpl;l rpy ehLfs;
jhapd; capUf;F Mgj;J vd;Dk; epiy
Vw;gLk;NghJ khj;jpuNk fUf;fiyg;ig
mDkjpj;Js;sik Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.
fUf;fiyg;gpid rl;luPjpahf;FkhW
,d;Wk; fUf;fiyg;gpid
mDkjpf;fhj rpy ehLfspy; Nfhupf;if
tpLf;fgl;Lf;nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpd;wJ.
fUf;fiyg;gpid mDkjpf;ff;NfhUNthH
mjw;fhf gy epahaq;fis Kd;itf;fpd;w
mNjNtis mjid vjpHg;NghH mjw;fhd
ngz; VS fU
cdn2.blogs.babble.com
10
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
epahag;ghLfis Kd;itf;fpd;wdH. If;fpa
,uhr;rpakhdJ rpy fl;Lg;ghLfSf;F
mika rl;l mDkjpAk;> fdlhtpy; rpy
fl;Lg;ghLfSld; XusT rl;l mDkjpAk;
toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mnkupf;fhtpy;
fUf;fiyg;G rl;luPjpahdJ. MdhYk; rpy
khepyq;fspy; ,Wf;fkhd rl;ljpl;lq;fs;
fhzg;gLfpd;wd.
fUf;fiyg;ghdJ capHf;nfhiyahf xU
rhuhuhy; fUjg;gLtNjhL kj uPjpahfTk;
Kd;itf;fg;gLfpd;w fUj;jhfTk;
fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. gpujhdkhf fj;Njhypf;f
fpwp];jt ehLfspy; ,J ngUk; Fw;wkhf
fUjg;gLfpd;wJ. Mdhy; ,J njhlHghd
gy tpthjq;fs; ,d;Wtiu njhlu;fpd;wJ.
mjhtJ fUTf;F capupy;iy mjdhy;
mJ nfhiyahfkhl;lhJ vd;Wk;> 8
fpoikfshdJk; KjpHf;fUtpd; (Fetus)
%is tsHr;rpailaj; njhlq;FtjhfTk;
capupdk; vdf;fUJtjw;F tpQ;Qhd
uPjpahd gz;Gfs; midj;ijAk; mJ
nfhz;bUg;gjhy; mJ nfhiyahFk;
vd;Wk; ep&gpf;f Kaw;rpf;fpd;wdH.
,d;W r%fj;jpy; eilKiwapy;
fhzg;gLfpd;w gy gpur;rpidfis
vLj;J Nehf;Fk; NghJ fUf;fiyg;ghdJ
rl;luPjpahf Mf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;
vd;W $wg;gLfpwJ. mjhtJ ,d;W
ngz;fSf;nfjpuhd td;Kiwfspy;
ghypay; ty;YwT Fwpg;gplj;jf;f mstpy;
,lk;ngWfpd;wd. rpy ,sk; tajpdH>
CdKw;NwhH> rpj;j RthjPdkw;NwhH
Nghd;NwhH ,jw;F gypahfpd;wNghJ
mtHfs; fUTw;why; mJ mtHfspd;
vjpHfhyj;ij ghjpg;gjhf miktNjhL
mj;jifa xU nfh^ukhd rk;gtj;jpdhy;
fUj;jupf;fg;gl;lhy; cstpay; uPjpahfTk;
mtHfshy; Vw;Wf;nfhs;s Kbahj epiy
fhzg;gLk;. ,j;jifa re;jHg;gq;fspd;
NghJ fUf;fiyg;G mDkjpf;fg;gLtJ
jtwhfhJ vd;gJ gyuJ thjkhFk;.
mz;ikapy; maHyhe;J ehl;by; 31
taJila 4 khjf; fHg;gpzpg; ngz;
nrg;bNfkpah Nehahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;bUe;Jk;
fUf;fiyf;fg;glhikahy; Foe;ij
tapw;wpDs;Ns ,we;jJld;
mijntspapnyLf;fj; jhkjkhfpajhy;
mg;ngz;Zk; capupof;f Ntz;b
Vw;gl;lJ. ,jdhNyNa ,Uja Neha;>
fLk; rpWePuf ghjpg;G kw;Wk; ,uj;j
mOj;jk; Nghd;w jhapd; capUf;F Mgj;J
Vw;glf;$ba Neha; epiyik ,Uf;fpd;w
gl;rj;jpy; fUf;fiyg;gpid ngUk;ghyhd
ehLfs; mDkjpf;fpd;wd. mJkhj;jpukd;wp
FiwtpUj;jpahd fUtpid
fiyg;gjidAk; mDkjpf;fpd;wJ.
fUf;fiyg;ghdJ FUjp ciwjy;>
njhw;WNeha;> fUf;fl;lhik mq;fq;fs;
ghjpg;giljy; Nghd;w E}w;Wf;Fk;
Nkw;gl;l clypay; cstpay; uPjpahd
jhq;fq;fis nfhz;LtUtjhfTk;
mijAk; kPwp capHr;NrjKk; Vw;gLtjhf
Ma;Tfs; vLj;Jf;fhl;Lfpd;wd. mj;NjhL
khHgfg; Gw;WNeha;f;fhd tha;g;gpid
mjpfupg;gjhfTk;. ngUk;ghyhd ngz;fs;
fUf;fiyg;gpd; gpd;dH kdtOj;jk;>
Fw;w czHT> Nghd;w czHTfshy;
tho;ehs; G+uhfTk; ghjpf;fgLtjhf
NkYk; vLj;Jf;fhl;LfpwJ. vdNt ,e;jf;
fUf;fiyg;ghdJ ngz;fisNa xU
tifapy; ghjpg;gjhfTk; ,Uf;fpwJ.
vdpDk; nghUshjhu
fhuzq;fSf;fhfTk; rpy Fwpg;gpl;l r%ff;
fhuzq;fSf;fhfTk; fUf;fiyg;ghdJ
nra;ag;gl;L tUfpd;wJ. Foe;ijfs;
mjpfkhf cs;s FLk;gq;fspy; my;yJ kpf
FWfpa ,ilntspapy; fHg;gKWk;NghJk;
FLk;g #o;epiy fhuzkhfTk;
fUf;fiyf;f Kd;tUfpd;wdH. ,J mtutH
epiyapy; mtutH vLf;Fk; jPHkhdkhFk;.
FLk;g #oNyh my;yJ mtHfSf;Fs;s
rl;luPjpaw;wJ
vd;gjdhy; fUf;fiyg;G
fl;Lg;gLj;jg;glNth>
epWj;jg;glNthkhl;lhJ.
mr;Nritia ,ytrkhf
ngwKbahjjd;
fhuzj;jpdhYk;> mjpf
gzk; nrYj;jp ghJfhg;ghd
Kiwapy; nra;a
Kbahj #o;epiyapYk;
nghUshjhu uPjpapy;
my;yYWk; ngz;fs;
ghJfhg;gw;w Rfhjhukw;w
Kiwfis ehb
Rfhjhu gpur;rpidfis
vjpHnfhs;s
Ntz;bAs;sJld;
capiuAk; gwpnfhLf;f
NtzbAk; Vw;gLfpd;wJ.
11 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
Vida gpur;rpidfisNah jPHf;f
KbahJ gupjtpf;Fk; epiyapy; ,j;jifa
KbTfSf;F tUfpd;wdH. ,J rpy
ehLfspy; mDkjpf;fTk; nra;fpd;wJ.
vt;thwpUe;jhYk; mJ xU nfhiy.
me;j KjpHfUTf;F czHT ,Uf;fpd;wJ.
typia mjdhy; czuKbAk; vd;gjdhy;
mjid nfhiy nra;tjw;F gjpyhf
Kd;ndr;rupf;ifAld; ele;J nfhs;syhk;
vd;gJ kw;Wk; rpyupd; thjkhFk;. jdJ
FLk;g #oy; my;yJ kw;nwhU Foe;ij
ngw tpUg;gkpd;ik> my;yJ rw;W
jhkjkhf;f epidg;gtHfs; mjw;fhd
Kd;ndr;rupf;ifAld; elf;fyhk; vd;Wk;
mjw;F ,d;W gy;NtW topKiwfs; kw;Wk;
tifawhf;fis Rygkhf ngw;Wf;nfhs;sf;
$bajhf ,Ug;gjdhYk; mit ,yFthd
Kiwfs; vd;gjdhYk; mtw;iw
gad;gLj;jp jtpHj;Jf; nfhs;syhk; vd;Wk;
$wg;gLfpwJ.
mnkupf;fhtpy; fUf;fiyg;gpid
rl;luPjpahf;f Kd;dH xU kpy;ypad;
fUf;fiyg;G rl;luPjpaw;w Kiwapy;
eilngw;W ,Ug;gjhfTk; gj;jhapuj;jpw;Fk;
Nkw;gl;l ngz;fs; capupoe;jpUg;gjhfTk;
fzf;nfLg;GfspypUe;J njupatUfpwJ.
vdNt rl;luPjpaw;wJ vd;gjdhy;
fUf;fiyg;G fl;Lg;gLj;jg;glNth>
epWj;jg;glNthkhl;lhJ. mr;Nritia
,ytrkhfg; ngwKbahjjd;
fhuzj;jpdhYk;> mjpf gzk; nrYj;jp
ghJfhg;ghd Kiwapy; nra;a Kbahj
#o;epiyapYk; nghUshjhu uPjpapy;
my;yYWk; ngz;fs; ghJfhg;gw;w
Rfhjhukw;w Kiwfis ehb
Rfhjhug; gpur;rpidfis vjpHnfhs;s
Ntz;bAs;sJld; capiuAk; gwpnfhLf;f
Ntz;b Vw;gLfpd;wJ.
Kw;Nghf;F rpe;jid cilatHfs;
fUtsk; ngz;fspd; clYld;
rk;ge;jg;gl;bUg;gjhy; mJ mth;fspd;
cupik rhHe;j tplak; vdTk; jhahFtJ
njhlh;ghf jPh;khdk; vLg;gJw;F
mth;fSf;F KO chpikAk; Rje;jpuKk;
,Uf;fNtz;Lk; vdgJk; mth;fspd;
thjkhFk;. rpy re;jh;g;gq;fspy; mtHfs;
jhahFtjw;F jahuhfhj epiyapy; mjid
fl;lhakhf Rke;jpUg;gJ mtHfs; kPjhd
xU tifj; jpzpg;G vdf; fUJtNjhL
mtHfspd; elkhl;lj;jpidAk;
mJ fl;Lg;gLj;JtNjhL njhopypy;
gpd;dilitAk; Vw;gLj;Jk; vd;fpd;w
fUj;Jf;fSk; cz;L. mNjNtis FLk;gk;
vd;W tUfpd;w NghJ mJ Mz;fspd;
cupikAk; $l mjdhy; ngz;fs; jdpahf
mJ njhlHghf KbntLf;ff; $lhJ
vd;Wk; thjplg;gLfpwJ.
,t;thW fUf;fiyg;ig rl;lkhf;FtJ
ey;yjh ,y;iyah vd;gJ gw;wp
mwpTG+Htkhd MNuhf;fpakhd
fUj;jpay; uPjpahd tpthjq;fs; ,d;Dk;
ePbj;Jf;nfhz;Nl nry;fpd;wd. •
i`u;rhe;jp
12
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
cdn2.blogs.babble.com
d; fPNo Fdpe;J vd; fhy;fSf;F
eLtpy; ghu;j;Njd;. kUj;Jtpr;rp
cl;fhu;e;J nfhz;bUe;jhs;. gpNsbd;
Xuq;fs; fha;e;J Ngha; ,uj;jf;fiw
gbe;jpUe;jd.”
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gpNsbd; kPJ vr;rpy; Jg;gpdhs;
kUj;Jtpr;rp
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glf;$lhj ,lj;Jy gpNsL gl;L> vd;
gpwg;GWg;G fpoptJ ed;whfj; njupe;jJ.
eueuntd;W Kd;Dk; gpd;Dkhf ,Oj;jhs;.
me;jf; fpotpapd; mUfpy; mf;Nfrpah
kuj;jpd; Kl;fs;> Ftpay; Ftpayhff;
fple;jd. mts; iffs; KOf;f uj;jk;.
xU Nfhopia ntl;b> kPjpia
tpl;bUe;jhy; vg;gb ,Uf;FNkh mg;gb
,uj;jr; rfjpNahL ,Ue;jJ ghiw. vd;
gpwg;GWg;gpd; czu;r;rp kpf;f ghfq;fs;
ntapypy; fha;e;J nfhz;bUe;jd.”
VNjh fpY fpYg;ghd fijia vOjg;
Nghfpd;Nwd; vd;W epidj;J thrpf;f
Muk;gpf;fhjPu;fs;. rpy khjq;fSf;F
Kd;djhf ,g;gbj;jhd; ehDk;
‘njhilfSf;F eLNt xspe;jpUf;Fk; eufk;”
vd;w jiyg;ig tiyj;jsnkhd;wpy;
ghu;j;J Mu;tkhf thrpf;f Muk;gpj;Njd;.
‘eh
13 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
me;jf; fl;Liuapd; xt;nthU nrhy;Yk;
MokhdJ. toikahf ehd; mwpe;jpuhj
Mr;rupaj;ij Nehf;fpa efu;it czu;e;Njd;.
rpy thu;j;ijfspd; mu;j;jj;ij Gupe;J
nfhs;s Kbatpy;iy. mit clYwTld;
njhlu;Ggl;litahf ,Ue;jd. ,J Fwpj;J
ehd; vOjg;Nghtjpy; ntl;fg;gltpy;iy.
Mghrj;ij Nehf;fpajhf ehd; vijAk;
ghu;f;ftpy;iy ‘vd;dlh ,t;tsT
gpy;lg;gh ,Uf;F” vd;W Nahrpf;fpwPu;fsh?
Ntiytha;g;G> fy;tp Mfpatw;wpy;
rkTupik jutpy;iy vd;W ngz;fs;
NghuhLfpwhu;fs;. FLk;g td;Kiw>
ghypay; td;Kiw> J\;gpuNahfk; vd;W
Nghu;f;nfhb J}f;Ffpwhu;fs;. mt;tsT
Vd; murpaypy; 30 rjtPjk; ,l xJf;fPL
juNtz;Lnkd;Wk; gilnaLg;Gf;fisr;
nra;jdu;. xU ngz;Z}lhf ngz;Zf;F
nra;ag;gLk; mePjp ,g;gbr; nrhy;tij
tpl 3000 Mz;LfSf;F Nkyhf ngz;
r%fj;jpw;nfjpuhf Gupag;gLk; fhyj;jpd; rjp
vd;gNj nghUj;jkhf ,Uf;Fk;. ehd; gbj;j
fl;Liu cyfg;Gfo; ngw;w Nrhkhypa
nkhly; mofpahd thup]; Nlupapd; (Waris
Dirie) Rarupijapd; jkpo; nkhopngau;g;G.
mts; cyfpw;Ff; fWg;gofpahfj;
Njhd;wpdhYk; mtspd; tho;f;ifapd;
fWg;G mj;jpahaq;fs; ahUf;Fk; njupahJ.
mts; %yNk cyfpd; Cdf;fz;fSf;F
me;j cz;ik njd;gl;lJ.
‘vd; tho;ehspy; xU NghJk; ehd;
nrf;]; ,d;gj;ij mDgtpj;jjpy;iy.
mDgtpf;fTk; KbahJ. ehq;fs;
Mz;fSf;fhf> mtu;fspd; Njitf;fhf
kl;LNk gilf;fg;gtu;fs;. mtu;fSf;Ff;
fd;dpg;ngz; Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf
Ie;J taJf;Fs;shfNt vq;fs; cWg;ig
mWj;J> f;spl;Nlhupai] ntl;b
vwpe;J tpLfpwhu;fs;. kPz;Lk; vg;NghJ
mtu;fSf;fj; NjitNah> mjhtJ
KjypuTf;F Kd;G ntl;bj; jpwe;J
tpLfpwhu;fs;”
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jhd; ,ts; nrhy;y tUfpwhnsd;W
Fok;gpg;NghapUg;gPu;fs;. ngz; gpwg;GWg;G
rpijg;G (Female genital mutilation) gw;wpNa
vd;Dila fl;Liu myrg; NghfpwJ.
,ijg;gw;wp mwpe;jtu;fSf;F mlr;rP
,t;tsT jhdh? vd rypf;fj; Njhd;Wk;.
mwptpay; uPjpahfTk;> r%ftpay; uPjpahfTk;
,J Fwpj;J Njl Muk;gpj;Njd;. thup];
Nlupapd; tho;f;ifia tpgupf;Fk;
Desert Flower vd;w Mtzg;glj;ijAk;
ghu;j;Njd;. kDrDf;F ,Uf;fpw Mapuk;
gpur;rpidfspy; vq;NfNah elf;fpw
,ijnay;yhk; fzf;fpy Nru;f;f
tpUk;ghjtu;fs; jaT nra;J gbf;fhjPu;fs;.
kdpjhgpkhdk; kpf;f cq;fSf;fhf vd;dhy;
nra;af; $ba rpwpa cjtp ,J kl;LNk -
,J Fwpj;J mwpaj; jUtJ.
ngz; gpwg;;GWg;G rpijg;G
vd;why; vd;d?
ngz;zpd; euk;Gfs; Ftpe;j fe;J
Kidia ntl;b mfw;WtNj ngz;
gpwg;GWg;G rpijg;G MFk;. ,J Nrhkhypa
cs;spl;l Mgpupf;fg; goq;Fb kf;fspilNa
rpWkpfSf;F eilngWk; xU rlq;F. vq;fs;
Cu;fspy; g+g;Gdpj ePuhl;L tpoh nra;tJ
Nghy kfpo;r;rpfukhf muq;Nfw;wg;gLk;
nfh^ukhd rlq;F ,JthFk;. 28 Mgpupf;f
ehLfspy; eilKiwapYs;sJ. mj;NjhL
kl;Lk; epd;WtplhJ kj;jpa fpof;F> ,e;jpah>
ghfp];jhd;> kNyrpah> ,e;NjhNdrpah>
mT];jpNuypah> fdlh> gpupj;jhdpah>
gpuhd;];> mnkupf;fh> epa+rpyhe;J Mfpa
ehLfspYk; rpy ,df;FOf;fs; kj;jpapy;
eilngWk;.
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Nfhbg; ngz;fSf;F fe;J mfw;wy;
elj;jg;gl;Ls;sjhf If;fpa ehLfs; rig
njuptpj;Js;sJ. NkYk; ehnshd;Wf;F
6000 ngz;fs; Ml;gLtjhfTk;
nrhy;fpwJ. mNekhf 10 taJf;;Fl;gl;l
ngz;fSf;Nf nra;ag;gLfpwJ. jtwpdhy;
15 tajpYk; nra;ag;gLfpwJ. ngz;
cWg;G rpijg;gpy; %d;W tifahd
Kiwfs; filg;gpbf;fg;gLfpd;wd. xd;W
ngz;zpd; fe;J Kidia kl;Lk; ntl;b
tpLjy;. ,uz;lhtJ fe;J Kid kw;Wk;
Gioapd; (Vagina) ,U gf;fj;jpYKs;s
,jo;fisAk; (labia minora) ntl;b tpLjy;.
,tw;wpYk; nfhLikahdJ %d;whtJ ufk;
mJ jhd; thup]pw;F eilngw;wJ. mjhtJ
fe;J Kidia mWj;J> ,jio mWj;J>
Gioapd; Nky;gFjpia E}ypdhy; ijj;J
tpLjy;. Nrhkhypag; goq;Fbg; ngz;zhd
thup]pw;F 5 tajpy; ngz;ZWg;Gr; rpijg;G
nra;ag;gl;lJ.
‘gpwg;GWg;G ijay; Nghlg;gl;bUe;j
nghj;jy;fspd; topNa jPf;Fr;rp ,iwj;jhw;
Nghy rpWePu; ntspNawpaJ.
14
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
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tpLNkh vd;fpw gaj;jpy; jz;zPu; Fbf;fNt
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NghJk; vdf;F gj;Jg; gjpide;J
epkplq;fs; Njitg;gl;lJ. khjtplha;
Neuk; vd;why;> ,e;jf; nfhLik gy
klq;F tPupaj;NjhL ,Uf;Fk;” vd;W
thup]; nrhy;tjpypUe;J mts; mDgtpj;j
eufNtjid GupAk;. ,tw;wpy; kpf mepahak;
vd;dntd;why; ,e;j rpijg;G gpNsL>
fj;jp> cile;j fz;zhbr; rpy;Yfs;>
Kl;fs; ,it fpilf;fh tpl;lhy; ifapy;
fpilf;Fk; nghUl;fisf; nfhz;Lk;
nra;ag;gLfpd;wd. kaf;f kUe;J $l
nfhLf;fhky; kUj;Jtpr;rpfNs Kk;Kukhf
,tw;iw nra;fpwhu;fs;. jw;fhyj;jpy; rpy
itj;jpa mjpfhupfSk; gzj;jpw;fhf
nra;fpwhu;fs;.
Vd; ,ijr; nra;fpwhu;fs;
vd;dhy; jpul;lg;gl;l
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rpy;yiwj;jdkhd mu;g;g
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%jhijau;fspd; fijfis
ek;gp Mgpupf;fg; goq;Fbapdu;
,ij ,d;Wk; nra;J tUfpd;wdu;.
K];yPk;fshNyNa mjpfkhf
ngz;ZWg;Gr; rpijg;G nra;ag;gLfpwJ.
mg;gbnad;why; Fu;-Md; jhd;
,ijr; nrhy;fpwjh? ,e;eilKiw
gpd;gw;wg;gLk; ,];yhkpa ehLfspy;
Kfk;kJ egp mtu;fspd; thu;j;ijfSk;
nray;fSk; (Rd;dh-Sunna) ,jw;F
MjuthfTs;sjhf Fwpg;gpLfpwhu;fs;.
Kfk;kJ egp mtu;fs; jdJ kidtp
ck; `gpgh (Um habibah) mtu;fSf;F
,j;jifa Jz;bj;jy; nray;Kiw
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fztDf;F kfpo;r;rpiaj; jUtjhf
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Mdhy; Fu;Mdpy; ,ij Mjupg;gjhf
vJtpj jfty;fSk; fpilf;ftpy;iy.
clYwtpd; NghJ fztdhy; ngz;
kfpo;r;rpg;gLj;jg;gLk; Nfhl;ghl;ilAk;>
rpijf;fg;gl;l ngz;ZWg;G clYwtpd;
NghJ ngz;zpd; re;Njhrj;ij
Fiwf;FnkdTk; Fu;Mdpy; kiwKfkhfr;
nrhy;yg;gl;Ls;sJ. NkYk; vjpNahg;gpa
a+ju;fs; (Falasha)> NtW rpy rpW
FOf;fspilNaAk; ,e;eilKiw
fhzg;gLfpwJ.
Mz;Fwpapd; Kd; Njhy; mfw;wg;gLk;
Rd;dj; rlq;fpid Rfhjhuk; fUjp a+ju;fs;>
K];yPk;fs; nra;fpd;wdu;. tpiwg;gpd;
NghJ gpd;Df;Fj; js;sg;glhj
epiyapYk; ve;jnthU MZk;
Kd;Njhiy typapd;wp
mfw;w KbAk;. Mdhy;
ngz;Zf;F vjw;fhfr;
nra;ag;gLfpd;wJ?
Rfhjhuk; ,jd;
Nehf;fky;y.
,jdhy;
ngz;zpd; clYwT ,r;iriaf;
Fiwg;gJld; jpUkzj;jpw;F
Kd;djhf ntsp MZld; clYwT
nfhs;tij jLf;fyhk;. mtspd; FLk;g
nfsutj;ijg; NgZtjhf mikAk;.
rpyu; fe;JKid> Gio Mfpait
Mzpd;; ghfq;fs; vd;Wk; mtw;iw
mfw;wpdhy; ngz;ik mjpfupf;Fnkd;Wk;
fUJfpd;wdu;. mg;gbnad;why; Vd;
flTs; mtw;iw ngz;fSf;F gilj;jhd;
vd;gij rpe;jpf;fj; njupahj $l;lj;jpd;
fl;Lf;fijNa ,JthFk;.
ngz;ZWg;G rpijg;Gf;Fl;gLj;jg;glhj
ngz; J}a;ikaw;wtshfTk;
mts; czTfisNah> ePiuNah
jPz;lj;jfhjtshf fzpf;fg;gLfpwhs;
rpyu; ngz;zpd; fe;JKidapy;
Mz;Fwpgl;lhy; Mz; ,we;J
tpLthnddTk;> gpwf;Fk; Foe;ij kPJ
fe;JKidgl;lhy; Foe;ij ,we;J tpLk;
my;yJ jha;g;ghy; tp\khfptpLnkdTk;>
ngz;ZWg;G rpijf;fg;glhj ngz;fshy;
fu;g;gkila KbahnjdTk; mQ;rp ,ijr;
nra;fpd;wdu;.
gpwg;GWg;gpypUe;J tPRk; Ju;ehw;wq;fs;
,y;yhky; NghFk;> gpwg;GWg;gpy;
Vw;gLk; Gw;WNehia (Vaginal Cancer)
15 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
,y;yhnjhopf;Fk; vDk; mtek;gpf;ifapYk;
,r;nrad;Kiw eilngWfpwJ.
rpijf;fg;glhj ngz;ZWg;Gf;fs;
ny];gpadp]k; (Lesbianism)> Ra
,d;gk; (masturbation) Nghd;wtw;Wf;F
toptFg;gjyhFk;. 1950 tiu ,q;fpyhe;J>
gpuhd;]; Nghd;w ehLfspYk; ngz;ZWg;G
rpijg;G ,tw;Wf;fhd rpfpr;irahff;
fUjg;gl;lJ.
Kfk; kQ;rshf khWtij
jLf;fKbAnkd ek;gpdu;. mj;NjhL
tajhd fztd;fSk; kidtpAld;
clYwT nfhs;s ,aYkhdjhfTk;
,Ue;jJ.
,j;jifa cg;Gr;rg;gpy;yhj mu;g;g
fhuzq;fSf;fhf ngz;fis thl;LtJ
rupahdjhf mikAkh? ,jdhy;
ngz;fSf;F Vw;gLk; ghuJ}ukhd
tpisTfis rpe;jpj;Jg; ghu;g;gjhfj;
njupatpy;iy. ngz;fNs ,jid
fl;lhakhfr; nra;ag;gl Ntz;ba
rlq;fhf Vw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;sik ftiyia
jUfpwJ. 2012Mk; Mz;by; ngz;fs;
Mz;fSf;F epfuhfTs;s epiyapy;
mwpahikapy; %o;fpf; fplf;Fk; ,tu;fis
ve;jg; gl;baypy; Nru;g;gJ? tpyq;fpypUe;J
gpwe;jtd; kdpjd;. Mdhy; tpyq;Ffs; $l
,g;gbr; nra;tjpy;iy. mg;NghJ Mwhk;
mwpT ,Ue;J vd;d gad;?
ngz;ZWg;Gr; rpijg;gpdhy;
Vw;gLk; ghjpg;Gf;fs;
fe;J mfw;wk; nra;ag;gl;l xU
ngz;> tho;tpy; xU NghJk; fytp
,d;gj;ij mDgtpf;fNt KbahJ.
mts; fytpf;Fj; jFjpahdtshapDk;
mg;ngz;zhy; Gzu;r;rpg; gutr
epiyia (Orgasm) mila KbahJ.
rpW tajpy; vJtpj kUj;Jt mwpTkpd;wp
nra;ag;gLtjhy; ,uj;jg;ngUf;F Vw;gl;L
gy ngz;fs; ,we;Js;sdu;. fj;jp>
gpNsl;> fz;zhbr;rpy;Y Nghd;wtw;why;
nra;ag;gLtjhy; fhaq;fs; Vw;gl;L
Mwhky; fhzg;gLk; epiyapy; rpWePu; gl;L
itu]; njhw;Wf;fs; Vw;gLk;. fha;r;ry;
Vw;gl;Lk; rpWkpfs; capupof;fpd;wdu;.
ngz;ZWg;Gr; rpijf;fg;gLtjhy;
ngz;fSf;F ePz;l fhyg; ghjpg;Gf;fSk;
Vw;gLfpd;wd. fu;g;gkila Kbahj
#o;epiy cUthFk;. #lhdpy;
ngz;ZWg;Gr; rpijf;fg;gl;Nlhupy;
20% -25% ngz;fshy; fu;g;gkila
Kbtjpy;iy. rpWePuff;fy;> ngz;ZWg;gpy;
nfhg;Gsq;fs; (cysts)> kdNeha; (Hysteria)>
vg;gpNyg;]p ( Epilepsy) Nghd;w Neha;fs;
Vw;glyhk;. vapl;]; ,yFtpYk; njhw;wpf;
nfhs;Sk;. NkYk; Foe;ij gpwf;Fk; NghJ
,wf;fTk; rhj;jpaf;$Wfs; cs;sd. NkNy
Fwpg;gpl;lijg;Nghy %d;whtJ Kiwapy;
ngz;ZWg;ig ijj;J tpl;L gpd;G
mbf;fb jpwj;jy; kPsj; ijj;jy; Nghd;w
nrad;KiwfSk; elf;fpd;wd. mit
kpfTk; gaq;fukhdit.
ru;tNjrj;jpd; ghu;itapy;
ngz;ZWg;Gr; rpijg;G vd;gJ
mbg;gil kdpj cupikf;nfjpuhd
kPwyhFk;. Rfhjhu ghy;epiy uPjpahf
ngz;fs; ghugl;rkhf elj;jg;gLtjw;F
,J rpwe;j cjhuzkhFk;.
1997Mk; Mz;L cyf Rfhjhu ];jhgdk;
(WHO) Adpnrt; (UNICEF) UNFPA
Mfpatw;Wld; ,ize;J ngz; gpwg;GWg;G
rpijj;jYf;nfjpuhf mwpf;ifnahd;iw
ntspapl;lJ. Gjpa mwpf;if If;fpa ehLfs;
rigapd; MjuTld; 2008 khrp khjk;
ntspaplg;gl;lJ. 1997Mk; Mz;L thup];
Nlup ngz;ZWg;G rpijj;jYf;nfjpuhd
If;fpa ehLfs; rigapd; rpwg;Gj; J}Jtuhf
epakpf;fg;gl;lhu;.
2008Mk; Mz;L mwpf;ifahdJ fle;j
gy E}w;whz;L fhy eilKiwfis
cs;slf;fpajhff; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ.
fle;j fhyq;fspyhd ,r;nrad;Kiwapd;
mjpfupg;Gk; ,dq;fhzg;gl;Ls;sJ.
2010Mk; Mz;L cyf Rfhjhu ];jhgdk;
Rfhjhu mjpfhupfs; ngz;ZWg;Gr;
rpijj;jiy nra;tij jLf;Fk; cyfshtpa
jpl;lj;ij (Global strategy to stop health
care providers from performing female
genital mutilation) ntspapl;lJ. cyf
Rfhjhu ];jhgdk; ru;tNjr kl;lj;jpYk;
cs;ehLfspYk; gy nraw;wpl;lq;fis
Nkw;nfhz;lJ.
Nfhilfhy tpLKiwfspd;
NghJ gpupj;jhdpahtpy; 2000 ,w;F
Nkw;gl;l rpWkpfSf;F ngz;ZWg;G
rpijf;fg;gLtjhf fz;lwpag;gl;Ls;sJ.
1985Mk; Mz;bd; ngz; nkhl;L
Kidj;Njhy; ntl;Ljiy jLf;FQ;
rl;lkhdJ (UK Prohibition of Female
16
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
Circumcision Act 1985) ,ij Kd;ndLj;jy;>
NtW egupd; ngz;ZWg;Gr; rpijg;igg;
Gupa cle;ijahf ,Uj;jy;> cjtp
nra;jy; Mfpa Fw;wq;fshFk;. 2003Mk;
Mz;bd; ngz; gpwg;GWg;G cUr;rpijT
rl;lkhdJ (Female Genital Mutilation Act
2003) ,q;fpyhe;ij thoplkhff; ( Resident)
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Kis fl;ltpy;iy. thup]; Nghy
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rpijj;jYf;nfjpuhf Nghuhb tUfpwhu;.
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ghJfhf;f PPR Foundation vDk; mikg;ig
];jhgpj;jhu;. cz;ikapy; mts; fWg;gofp
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cyf mofp I];tu;ah uhia tpl mts;
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Gul;rpf;ftp ghujp ngz;zbikj;jisia
Nghf;fpdhd; vd;W vy;NyhUk;
nrhy;fpwPu;fs;. mtd; cyif ftpijfshy;;
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rgjk;> ngy;[paj;Jf;F tho;j;J> Gjpa urpah
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Njhl;lj;jpNy vDk; ghlypy; gp[pj;
jPtpy; ngz;fs; gLk;ghl;il ciuj;jtd;
nrtpfSf;F ,e;j khngUk; mf;fpukk;
vl;lhky; Nghdjd; khak; vd;d? my;yJ
njupe;jpUe;Jk; mij MNkhjpj;J fz;L
nfhs;shky; tpl;Ltpl;lhdh? fLk; Nfhgk;
tUfpwJ. khz;ltidj; jpl;b vd;d
gad;?
‘ehZk; mr;rKk; eha;fl;F Ntz;Lkhk;
Qhd ey;ywk; tPu Rje;jpuk;
NgZ ew;Fbg; ngz;zpd; Fzq;fshk;” •
References
• http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/
health-18900803
• http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-
2133427/100-000-women-undergo-brutal-
sexual-mutilation-illegally-Britain.html
• http://www.who.int/mediacentre/
factsheets/fs241/en/
• http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2010/
jul/25/female-circumcision-children-
british-law
• FemaleGenitalMutilation Female Genital
Mutilation-Amnesty International
The Female Genital Mutilation Education
and networking project
Female Genital Mutilation-At the
crossroads of women’s health and human
rights.
• The US bill to prohibit female genital
mutilation
• WHO, UNICEF and UNFPA, Female
Genital Mutilation: A joint WHO/
UNICEF/UNFPA statement, World
HealthOrganization, Geneva, 1997
khjpdp tpf;Nd];tud;
17 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
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18
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njhlu;gpYk; fUr;rpijT njhlu;ghd rl;l
khw;wq;fs; nfhz;Ltug;gl Ntz;Lk;. •
fprhe;jpdp ghyd;
Vkhw;wkhfpg;Nghd czu;Tfs;
Ffh
22
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
,
yq;ifiag; nghWj;jiuapy;
mz;ikf;fhykhf iftplg;gLfpd;w
kw;Wk; rlykhf kPl;fg;gLfpd;w
rpRf;fspd; njhif mjpfupj;J tUfpd;wJ.
Fwpg;ghf Aj;jj;jpd; gpd;du; Vw;gl;l
khw;wq;fs; rpytw;wpd; tpisthfNt
,jidf; nfhs;syhk;. mjhtJ
Aj;jj;jpdhy; jdpikahf;fg;gl;l
ngz;fsJ nghUshjhur; rpf;fy; epiyAk;
,t;thwhd rpRf;fspd; kuzq;fspw;Ff;
fhuzkhfptpLfpd;wd. tlf;ifg;
nghWj;jtiuapy; njhopy; njupntd;gJ
kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;lnjhd;whfNt
fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ngz;fSf;F Ntiy
tha;g;igg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tJ ngUk;
rpukkhd Xu; tplakhFk;. Mz;
mq;fj;jtu;fs; ,y;yhj FLk;gq;fspy;
ngz;fs; jkJ Foe;ijfSld;
tUkhdkpd;wp my;yy;gLfpd;wdu;.
mjid rpy Mz;fs; jkf;F rhjfkhfg;
gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;fpd;wdu;. Fwpg;gpl;l
ngz;fsplk; jkJ ghypay; Njtif;fhf
neUf;fkhf ,Ue;J nfhs;fpd;wdu;.
neUq;fpa cwTfs;> maytu;fs; vd
ed;F njupe;jtu;fshNyNa ghjpf;fg;gl;l
gy ngz;fs; fu;g;gkhfp cs;sdu;.
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nfhs;tjpy;iy. ,jd; fhuzkhf ,e;j
cwTepiyahdJ ,ufrpakhfNt ,Ue;J
tUfpd;wJ. ,t;thW cwT itj;Jf;
nfhz;l ngz;fs; gw;wpg; ghu;j;jhy;
mtu;fs; Vw;fdNt jpUkzkhfp fztid
,oe;j my;yJ fztd; fhzhky;
Nghd ,y;yJ fztd; jLg;gpy; cs;s
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Vkhw;wg;gl;l ngz;fshfTNk
fhzg;gLfpd;wdu;.
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rpe;jpf;fhjtu;fshfNt ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;.
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ngz;fsJ FLk;g Rfhjhu eydpy; mf;fiw
fhl;Ltjpy;iy. Vnddpy; vkJ r%fj;ijg;
nghWj;jtiu fztid xU ngz; ,of;f
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my;yJ gYwT nfhs;Sk; NjitNah
mtrpakpy;iy vd;w fUj;ijNs
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jpUkzkhf Kd;Ngh my;yJ gpd;Ngh
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ghypay; Njitiag; G+u;j;jp nra;ayhk;
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NghJ vkJ ngz;fs; gy neUf;fbfspy;
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23 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
ehl;by; cs;s ,Wf;fkhd rl;lq;fSk;
fhuzkhfptpLfpd;wd. jdpj;j ngz;fs;>
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me;j];J epiyf;fhf gpwf;Fk; Foe;ij
mtu;fSf;F Njitaw;wjhfp tpLfpd;wJ.
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mtu;fs; tsu;f;f epidj;jhYk; Fwpg;gpl;l
ngz;fis vkJ Mzhjpf;f kw;Wk;
xOf;fk; vd;w tplaj;ijf; filg;gpbf;Fk;
gyUk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. ,jdhy;
ghjpf;fg;gl;ltu;fs; NkYk; NkYk; jkJ
tho;ehs; KOtJNk elj;ij uPjpapy;
Xuq;fl;lg;gLthu;fs;. ,jdhy; mtu;fsJ
gps;isfsJ vjpu;fhyk; tPzhfpg;
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fUj;jpy; nfhz;l gyu; jkJ Ntz;lhj
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capUf;F Mgj;J Vw;glf; $ba tifapy;
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fl;Lg;ghL> fu;g;gj; jLg;G tpjpKiwfs;
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rpRf;fspd; kuzj;jpw;F ngupJk; fhuzkhfp
tpLfpd;wd.
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Fiye;J tpLk; vd;Wk;> ,sk; ngz;fs;
fUf;fiyg;gpy; <Lgl thag;G cz;L
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ngUk;ghyhNdhu; Vw;fdNt jpUkzkhfpg;
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neUf;fk; Nghd;wtw;wpd; fhuzkhf
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ftdk; nrYj;Jfpd;wJ. ,t;thwhd
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Nghf;F mjpfupj;Js;sJ. gjpndl;L
tajpw;F Nkw;gl;l MNzh ngz;Nzh
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24
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
fUf;fiyg;G ,y;yhj fhuzj;jhy;
ghjpf;fg;gLtJ ngz;fs; kl;LNk.
ngz;zpd; clyikg;G fhuzkhf
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jg;gpj;JtpLfpd;wdu;.
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jupf;fpd;wdu;. ,r;rpWkpfsJ fu;g;gj;ijf;
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,y;iy. ,jdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l rpWkpfs;
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vd;d nra;ag;Nghfpd;Nwhk; vd;gNj vk;
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25 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
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26
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
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Njitg;gltpy;iy. mth; clNd
fjitg; G+l;btl;L tpiuthf irkDld;
M];gj;jphpf;Fr; nrd;whh;. ehd;fhk;
thl;by; xU fl;biyr; Rw;wp jpiur;rPiy
,lg;gl;bUg;gij J}uj;jpypUe;Nj mth;
fz;lhh;. thl;Lf;Fg; nghWg;ghd jhjpAk;
,d;DnkhU jhjpAk; Nehahspf;Fj;
Njitahd KjYjtpfisr; RWRWg;ghf
xOq;FgLj;jpf;nfhz;bUg;gJ
fhzf;$bajhftpUe;jJ. lhf;lh;
[Pthde;jh jpiur;rPiyf;Fs;shy; EioAk;
NghJ ghlrhiy rPUil mzpe;j xU
khztp fl;bypy; fplj;jg;gl;bUg;gijf;
fz;lhh;. mtsJ jiy ,lJ gf;fkhf
rpWfij
`pg;nghf;ub]pd;
Gj;jpud;
27 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
jpUk;gpapUe;jJ. me;j Kfj;ijf; fz;lTld;
,sk; kUj;Jth; mjpu;e;JNghdhu;. mtUf;F
jkJ fz;fisNa ek;g Kbatpy;iy.
‘,J FRkyjhth?” mJ tpdhitg;
NghyNt gjpyhfTk; mike;jJ. kdjpy;
Vw;gl;l mjph;r;rpahdJ kUj;Jtiu xU
fzk; fw;rpiyahf khw;wpaJ. fl;bYf;F
mUfpy; epd;w ,uz;L jhjpkhh;fSk;
lhf;lu; [Pthde;jhtpd; ,e;j khw;wj;ijj;
njspthff; fz;ldh;.
‘ ,e;jg; gps;isia IahTf;Fj;
njhpAkh?” xU jhjp vOg;gpa
Nfs;tpapdhy; ,sk; kUj;Jth; kPz;Lk;
RaepidTf;F te;jhh;. xU gjpYk;
mspf;fhj mth;> Nehahspapd; jiyia
epkph;j;jp fz;fisj; jpwe;J ghh;j;jhh;.
fUtpop fz;fSf;nfl;ba njhiytpy;
,y;iy. mLj;J mth; mtspd; tyJ
ifiag; gpbj;J ehbj;Jbg;igg; ghh;j;jhh;.
fOj;ijr; Rw;wpapUe;j Foha; ,U fhJfspy;
nghUj;jg;gLtjw;Fk; kw;wg; gFjp
Nehahspapd; khh;gpy; itf;fg;gLtjw;Fk;
xU nrf;fDk; nry;ytpy;iy. ,Ug;gpDk;
,U fhJfisAk; Nehf;fp tUif je;j
rg;jkpd;ikahdJ lhf;lh; [Pthde;jhtpd;
,jaj;Jbg;G Ntfj;jpid mjpfhpf;fr;
nra;jJ. mth; XhpU jlitfs;
Nehahspapd; neQ;Rg; gFjpia XusT
mKf;fpdhh;. ,Ug;gpDk; rg;jk;
vOtjw;Fg; gjpyhf mikjpNa epytpaJ.
kUj;Jthpd; Kfj;jpy; njd;gLfpd;w
khw;wq;fis mtjhdpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j
,uz;L jhjpkhh;fSk; xt;nthUthpd;
Kfq;fisg; ghh;j;Jf; nfhz;ldh;. rfy
vjph;ghh;g;GfisAk; iftpl;l lhf;lh;
[Pthde;jh xU ifiag; gpbj;J nkJthf
mtspd; tapw;wpd; kPJ itj;Jtpl;L
mt;tplj;jpypUe;J ntspNawpdhh;. ,uz;L
jhjpkhUk; nts;isj; Jzpnahd;why;
mtsJ cliy %bdhh;fs;.
kuzpj;j Nehahsp - FRkyjh -
M];gj;jphpf;F mUfpy; cs;s fpuhkg;
gpuNjrj;jpYs;s gpujhd kw;Wk; xNunahU
re;jpapy; itj;J tp\k; mUe;jpAs;shh;.
rpy rpwpa filfisAk; xU fpuhk
tq;fpiaAk; kl;Lk; nfhz;l ,r;re;jpapy;
itj;J ,th; mjpf tp\j;Jld;$ba fpUkp
ehrpdpiaNa mUe;jpAs;shh;. tPjpapy;
gazpj;j rpyuhy; ,th; M];gj;jphpf;F
nfhz;Ltug;gl;bUe;jhh;. ntw;W
fpUkp ehrpdp Nghj;jiyAk; mtsJ
Gj;jfq;fisAk; mth;fs; M];gj;jphpapy;
xg;gilj;jpUe;jdh;. Gj;jfq;fSf;Fs;
,Ue;j fpUkp ehrpdp Nghj;jiy nfhs;tdT
nra;jikf;fhd gw;Wr;rPl;ilAk;>
,uz;L NjhLfis mlF itj;J
E}w;W Ig;gJ &gh ngwg;gl;likf;fhd
gw;Wr;rPl;nlhd;iwAk;> mtsJ ifahy;
vOjg;gl;l fbjnkhd;iwAk; jhjpkhh;fs;
,sk; kUj;Jthplk; ifaspj;jdh;.
fbjj;ij ifapy; vLj;j cld; lhf;lh;
[Pthde;jhtpd; iftpuy;fs; eLq;fpd.
‘ehd; ,e;j cyfpy; Nerpg;gjw;fhfNt
gpwe;Njd; vd epidf;fpd;Nwd;. ehd;
fhjypj;Njd;. fhjypg;gjw;F Kd;dh;
rk;gpujhaq;fis ghh;j;jts; my;y ehd;. fhjy;
cz;ikahd ,dpikiaNa vdf;Fg; ngw;Wj;
je;jJ. me;j ,dpikahd fhjy; ,Wjpapy;
,ka kiyastpyhd RikAld;$ba
Ntjidia kuGhpikahf;fpj; jUnkd
ehd; fdtpYk; epidf;ftpy;iy. Mdhy;
fhjy;> jhq;fpf; nfhs;s ,ayhj me;j
NtjidiaNa vdf;F kuGhpikahf;fpaJ.
‘,d;W mjw;fhf vdJ capiuj; jpahfk;
nra;tijtpl NtW vt;tpj jPh;Tk;
,y;iynad;gij ehd; Ghpe;Jnfhz;Nld;.
ehd; xUtiuAk; Fiw$wkhl;Nld;. gif
nfhs;sTk;khl;Nld;. Ruq;fTk; ehDk;
re;jpj;j> Fsph;ghdk; gUfp gy nghOJfis
fopj;J fhjy; cyfj;jpid fl;bnaOg;gpa
,e;j ,lj;jpy; - ,e;j ,Uf;ifapy; mkh;e;J
vdJ ,Wjp xg;Gjy; thf;F%yj;ij vOj
Ntz;bNaw;gl;bUg;gJTk; tpjp vdf;Fr;
nra;fpd;w ghpfhrkhftpUe;jhYk; mjid
xU Gwj;jpy; ghf;fpakhff; fUJfpd;Nwd;.
ehd; ,d;dKk; fhjiy jPtpukhf fhjypg;gNj
mjw;fhd fhuzkhFk;. ,Wjpahf
xNunahU Ntz;LNfhis kl;Lk; tpLf;f
tpUg;Gfpd;Nwd;. mjhtJ> ePq;fs; vdf;Nfh
ehd; Kfq;nfhLj;j Jujp\;ltrkhd
tpjpf;Nfh xUNghJk; mDjhgk; fhl;l
Ntz;lhk;. ehd; ,t;thW ,t;Tyfpy;
kuzpf;Fk; ,d;DnkhU caphpdk; kl;LNk.
ehd; caph; tho;;e;j fhyg; gFjpapy;
mDgtpf;fhj - vdJ ,Wjpj; jPh;khdj;jpd;
kPJk; nry;thf;Fr; nrYj;jpa> cq;fsJ
elj;ijfisAk; khw;Wr; nraw;ghLfisAk;
rpe;jpf;Fk; NghJ vd;kPJ fUizkpF
ghh;itiaf; nfhz;L NerpAq;fs; vd;W
Nfl;gJk; xU eifg;ghFk;. MdhYk; vdJ
,Wjpg; gpuhh;j;jid ,JNt. vd;idg;
Nghd;w xUtiuf; fUizf; fz;fshy;
Nerpf;ff;$ba cyfnkhd;W cUthfl;Lk;.
,g;gbf;F>
FRkyjh
28
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
fbjj;ijg; gbj;J Kbj;j lhf;lh;
[Pthde;jh vJtpj Ngr;Rkpd;wp mjid
kPz;Lk; jhjpaplk; xg;gilj;jhh;.
FRkyjhtpd; Gj;jfq;fSf;F kj;jpapy;
,Ue;j xU rpwpa ngl;bapy; kbe;J
fple;j mtsJ iff;Fl;ilAk;> ePy epw
Nghy;nghapd;l; Ngdhnthd;Wk;> jghy;
jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; tpepNahfpf;fg;gl;l
milahs ml;ilnahd;Wk;> Ik;gJ
&gh jhnshd;Wk; ,d;Dk; rpy ehzaf;
Fw;wpfSk; ,Ue;jd.
mth; mtspd; iff;Fl;ilia tphpj;Jg;
ghh;j;jhh;. rpy kzpj;jpahyq;fSf;F Kd;dh;
mts; ,Wjpahfj; jk;Kld; ciuahLk;
NghJ> mtsJ fz;fshy; tbe;j ePiu
cWQ;rpf;nfhz;l me;jf; iff;Fl;ilapd;
xU Kidapy;> Nghy;nghapd;l; Ngdhthy;
xd;whf ,izj;J tiuag;gl;l
,U ,jaq;fs; fhzg;gl;ld. ,U
,jaq;fspdJk; eLtpy; rptg;Gf; fiwfs;.
mit ,uj;jf; fiwfnsd ,sk; kUj;Jth;
xU nehbg;nghOjpy; Ghpe;J nfhz;lhh;.
,J fl;lhakhf FRkyjhtpdJk;
Ruq;ftpdJk; FUjpahy; itf;fg;gl;l
Fwpg;ghf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,Jtiu
NeuKk; fLikahd cs mOj;jj;jpw;Fk;
ghhpa mjph;r;rpf;Fk; Kfq;nfhLj;jpUe;j
,sk; kUj;Jthpd; Kfj;jpy; nky;ypa
Gd;dif vOe;jJ. mLj;j fl;l
eltbf;iffSf;fhf M];gj;jphp
gzpahl;nlhFjp vOJeUf;Fk; thl;Lf;Fg;
nghWg;ghd jhjpf;Fk; nghWg;gpid
xg;gilj;j lhf;lh; [Pthde;jh vJtpj
Nehf;fKkpd;wp M];gj;jphpapYs;s xU
nfhhpNlhhpy; jiuia Nehf;fpa fz;fSld;
cyhtpf;nfhz;bUe;jhh;.
mJ mtuJ FWfpa fhy kUj;Jt
tho;f;ifapy; fopj;j kpf ePz;lJk;
tpUg;gw;wJkhd khiyg; nghOjhf
md;iwa jpdk; mike;jpUe;jJ.
khiy Rkhh; Ie;jiu kzpf;F jkJ
cj;jpNahfG+h;t ,y;yj;jpw;F tUk;NghJk;
cUrp ghh;f;f Kbahky; Nghd kjpa
czT itf;fg;gl;lthNw Nkirapd;
kPJ ,Ug;gijf; fz;lhh;. ,d;Dk; rpwpJ
Neuj;jpy; ,uT czitf; nfhz;LtUk;
N[kp]; ,tw;iw mfw;wp ,uT czit
itj;Jtpl;Lr; nry;thh;. Fspayiwf;Fs;
Eioe;J mth; #lhf ,Ue;j cliy
ed;F Fspuhf;fpf; nfhz;lhh;. ,Ug;gpDk;
rpf;fy;kakhd rpe;jidfspypUe;J mtuhy;
kPsKbatpy;iy. vJTNk nra;a Kbahj
epiyapy; ,Wjpahf fl;bypy; rha;e;j mth;>
kuzpj;j FRkyjhtpd; Kfj;ijAk;> rpy
kzpj;jpahyq;fSf;F Kd;dh; jd;Dld;
ciuahba me;j mofhd ,sk; Atjpapd;
capNuhl;lkhd elj;ijfisAk; kpfTk;
capNuhl;lkhd tifapy; epidtpy;
Njhw;Wtpj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;F Kaw;rpj;jhh;.
mth; mit ,lk;ngw;wthW gbKiwahf
jkf;F Kd;dhy; xOq;Fthpirg;gLj;jp
mq;F VNjDnkhU ,lj;jpy;
jtwpiof;fg;gl;Ls;sjhntd tpdtj;
njhlq;fpdhh;.
md;iwa jpdk; fhiyg; nghOjpy;
ntspNehahsh; gFjpapy; rpfpr;ir
ngWtjw;fhf mjpfsT Nehahsh;fs;
tUif je;jpUe;jdh;. lhf;lh; [Pthde;jh
tUifje;J mtuJ ,Uf;ifapy;
mkh;e;j gpd;> miog;gpd;wp Nehahspfs;
xt;nthUtuhf te;J kUe;Jfis
vOjpf;nfhz;L miwapypUe;J ntspNawp
kUe;J nfhLf;Fk; ,lj;jpYs;s
thpirapy; nrd;W Nrh;e;jdh;.
Nehahsh;fSld; thpirapy; te;J
thpirapd; Kd;dhy; nts;isepw
ghlrhiy rPUilAld; Gj;jfq;fs;
rpytw;iw mutizj;Jf;nfhz;l
mofhd xU Atjp kUj;Jtiur; re;jpf;f
tuhky; fjtbapy; epd;wthW jkJ
tha;g;gpid Vida NehahspfSf;F
toq;fpf;nfhz;bUg;gJ mtuJ ftdj;jpy;
glhkypy;iy. MdhYk; mijg;
gw;wp rpe;jpg;gjw;fhd Neuj;ij Vida
Nehahsh;fs; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fTk; ,y;iy.
gfy; gd;dpuz;liu kzpf;F ,Wjp
NehahspAk; tUifje;J miwiatpl;Lr;
nrd;wjd; gpd; lhf;lh; [Pthde;jh jdJ
kUj;Jtf; FoiyAk; vLj;Jf;nfhz;L
,Uf;ifiatpl;L vOk;Gk; NghJ
ehzj;JlDk; jaf;fj;JlDk; jkf;F
mUfpy; te;J epd;w ghlrhiy khztpiag;
ghh;j;J kPz;Lk; ,Uf;ifapy; mku;e;J
Kd;dhy; ,lg;gl;Ls;s ,Uf;ifapy;
mtis mkUkhW rkpf;iQ nra;jhh;.
mts; ,Uf;ifapd; xU Xuj;jpy; nkJthf
mkh;e;J nfhz;lhs;. kUj;Jth; xU jhs;
Jz;il vLj;J ‘ngah;? taJ?” vd
vJtpj czh;Tkpd;wp ,ae;jpu tbtpy;
tpdtpdhh;.
‘FRkyjh ... gjpndl;L taJ... “ mts;
nkJthfj; jaf;fj;Jld; gjpyspj;jhs;.
‘vd;d tUj;jk;?” vdf; Nfl;fhky;
tpdhTld; $ba ghh;itia mts; kPJ
nrYj;jpdhh;. mjidg; Ghpe;Jnfhz;lthW
FRkyjh ifg;gpbf;Fs; RUl;b itj;jpUe;j
vijNah lhf;lh; [Pthde;jhtpd; Nkir
kPJ nkJthf itj;jhs;.
29 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
Mr;rhpaj;jpdhYk; mwpAk; MtypdhYk;
gpufhrkile;j fz;fSld; ,sk;
kUj;Jth; xU fzk; Cikahdhh;. ,uz;L
NjhLfs; Nkir kPJ fhzg;gl;lJ.
Nkw;nfhz;Lk; mikjp epyTtjw;F
,lkspf;fhJ FRkyjhNt mjidf;
fiyj;jhs;.
‘vd;dplk; ,t;tsTjhd; cs;sJ. Iah...
,jid ePq;fs; vLj;Jf; nfhz;L” ,jw;F
mg;ghy; mtSf;F thh;j;ijfs; tutpy;iy.
mtsJ thh;j;ijfs; njhz;ilf;Fs;
,Wfp mutizj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j
Gj;jfq;fspd; ghy; Kfk; jpUk;gpaJ.
nrhw;g Ntisapy; mtsJ ,jaj; Jbg;G
mjpfhpj;J Ntfkhf %r;Rtpl;lhs;.
mj;Jld; fz;fshy; tope;Njhba fz;zPh;
mtsJ ,U fd;dq;fshy; tbe;Njhb
mts; mzpe;jpUe;j rl;ilapidAk; Gj;jff;
fl;bidAk; <ukhf;fpaJ.
‘vjw;fhf ,e;jj; NjhLfs;?...
M];gj;jphpapy; kUe;J ,ytrkhfj;jhd;
toq;fg;gLfpd;wJ.” ,sk; kUj;Jth;
fUizAld; $wpa thh;j;ijfshy; XusT
epk;kjpiag; ngw;wJNghy; mts; ngU%r;R
tpl;lhs;.
‘vd;d tUj;jk;? “ kPz;Lk; tof;fkhd
Nfs;tpia mth; njhLj;jhh;. mg;NghJ
mts; jiyia epkph;j;jp fz;zPuhy;
epiwe;j gpufhrkhd fz;fshy; kUj;Jthpd;
Kfj;ij cw;Wg; ghh;j;Jf;nfhz;bUe;jhs;.
mg;gpufhrkhd fz;fs; .. %f;F... cjLfs;.
fz;zPuhy; eide;Js;s fd;dq;fs;.
gpufhrkhd epwk; jiyKbia ,uz;lhfg;
gphpj;J thhp ,uz;L gpd;dy;fisg;
gpd;dp xU gpd;diy Kd;gf;fk;
,lg;gl;bUe;jjd; %yk; mtsplkpUe;J
ntspg;gl;l me;j fth;r;rpfukhd
Njhw;wk; ,sk; kUj;Jthpd; kdjpYk;
xU rQ;ryj; jd;ikia Vw;gLj;jpaJ
vd;gjpy; ve;jr; re;NjfKk; fpilahJ.
,Ug;gpDk; ,d;dKk; mtshy;
thh;j;ijfis ntspaplKbatpy;iy.
kdij Ml;nfhs;Sk; fth;r;rpfukhd
mtsJ Kfj;ij Nkw;nfhz;Lk;
ghh;j;jpUf;f Kbahky; kUj;Jth; Nkir
kPJ itf;fg;gl;Ls;s NjhLfs; kPJ
ghh;itiaj; jpUg;gpdhh;. ,uz;L NgUk;
Cikfshdjhy; nksdk; Ml;rpGhpe;jJ.
me;j nksdj;jpDs; kUj;Jthpd;
Nfs;tpf;fhd gjpy; Gije;jpUe;jJ. lhf;lh;
[Pthde;jh mt;thwhdnjhd;iwg;
Ghpe;Jnfhs;sf;$ba mwpTk; mDgtKk;
kl;Lkd;wp gpwg;gpNy fpilj;j
Nkhg;gj;Jld;$ba fUiz cs;sj;ijAk;
nfhz;bUe;jhh;. mtsJ kdjpy;
rpf;fpAs;s gy tplaq;fis ntspapy;
,Oj;njLg;gjw;fhf gpwg;gpNy fpilj;j
Nkhg;g mwptpd; Clhfr; nraw;gLtjw;F
mth; kWfzNk jPh;khdpj;jhh;.
‘ FRkyjh ve;j ghlrhiyf;Fg;
NghfpwPq;fs;? ”.......
‘.. nrd;wy; fhNy[{f;F....”
‘Mfh……... vt;tsT ey;yJ?...... ehd;$l
nrd;wy; fhNy[; xd;wpy; jhd; gbj;Njd;………….
vj;jidahk; tFg;gpy; gbf;fpwPq;f?....”
‘ cah;juk; Kjyhk; tUlk;.. gNah
gbf;fpwd;...”
‘ k; k;..... ey;yhfg; gbr;rp ghPl;irapy;
rpj;jpaile;jhy; ePq;fSk; ,d;Dk;
rpy tUlq;fspy; vd;idg; Nghy; xU
kUj;JtuhtPq;f.……
Jf;fk; epiwe;j mtsJ Kfj;jpy; Kjw;
jlitahf Gd;difapd; rhay; njk;gl;L
mJ kPz;Lk; fUNkfj;jpdhy; #og;gl;l
,Us; epiwe;j thdkhf khwpaJ.
‘tPl;by; cs;sth;fSf;F……. mk;kh.
mg;ghTf;Fj; njhpAkh ,e;jg; gpur;rpid?”
‘,y;y...” mtsJ Jhpj gjpyhf mike;jJ.
‘mg;Ngh…… FRkyjhtpd; ez;gUf;Fj;
njhpAkh?”
,jw;Fg; gjpyspf;f Kbahky; mts;
rw;W nksdkhdhs;. VNjh $Wtjw;F
Kaw;rpj;jhYk; mtw;iw thh;j;ijfshf
khw;wpf;nfhs;s mtshy; Kbatpy;iy.
nksdk; ePz;ljdhy; mts; rpukj;jpw;F
cs;shfpapUg;gjhfg; Ghpe;Jnfhz;l
,sk; kUj;Jth; kw;WnkhU Nfs;tpiaj;
njhLj;jhh;.
‘mtUk; gbj;Jf;nfhz;bUf;fpd;wh
uh?......”
vjw;fhf ,e;jj; NjhLfs;?...
M];gj;jphpapy; kUe;J
,ytrkhfj;jhd;
toq;fg;gLfpd;wJ.” ,sk;
kUj;Jth; fUizAld;
$wpa thh;j;ijfshy; XusT
epk;kjpiag; ngw;wJNghy;
mts; ngU%r;R tpl;lhs;.
30
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
‘,y;y... mth; Ntiy nra;fpwhh;…… jdpahh;
fk;..ngdpnahd;wpy;”
nkJthd nfhd;idAk;> jaf;fKk; mjpy;
nghjpe;jpUe;jJ.
‘mg;gbnad;why; ,J xU gpur;rpidNa
fpilahJ……
lhf;lh; [Pthde;jh jkJ Ngdhit
%b Nkirapy; itj;Jtpl;L ehw;fhypapy;
trjpahf epkph;e;J mkh;e;jgb FRkyjhtpd;
Kfj;ij cw;W Nehf;fpdhh;. iff;Fs;
RUl;bf;nfhz;bUe;j iff;Fl;ilapd; xU
tpspk;igf; fbj;Jf;nfhz;L rpe;jidapy;
%o;fpapUe;j mtsJ Kfj;jpy; xU
gpur;rpid cs;snjd;gJ Nfhbl;Lf;
fhl;lg;gl;lJ. ,d;Dk; rpy epkplq;fs;
nksdk; ePbj;jJ.
‘,g;g ePq;f ,ijg; gw;wp Kjypy;
mk;khtplk; nrhy;Yq;Nfh. mjw;Fg;
gpwF mk;khTk; mg;ghTk; Nrh;e;J
,ijg;gw;wp cq;fs; ez;gDf;Fk;
mtuJ FLk;gj;jhUf;Fk; mwptpr;rpl;L
jPh;nthd;iwf; fhz;ghh;fs;…….. Mdhy;
ePq;fs; nfhQ;rk; Ngr;Rthq;f Ntz;b
,Uf;Fk;……. rpy rkak; mb thq;fTk;
Nehplyhk;. .. Mdhy; vdf;F ey;y
ek;gpf;if ,Uf;F ve;jnthU jhAk;….
je;ijAk; ,g;gbg;gl;l Neuq;fspy; jkJ
gps;isiaf; iftpl khl;lhh;fs;….”
vt;tsT fUizAld; $wpdhYk;
me;j thh;j;ijfis Nfl;Lf;nfhz;bUe;j
mtsJ kdjpy; xU ngUk; Gay;
cUthfpapUg;gJ ,sk; kUj;JtUf;Fg;
Ghpe;jJ. jhk; nghUj;jkw;w mehtrpakhd
xU tplaj;ijf; Fwpg;gpl;Ltpl;Nldh vd;w
re;Njfk; clNd mtu; kdjpy; cUthdJ.
rpf;fy;kakhd czh;tiyfSf;Fs; ,uz;L
NgUk; topjtwp nksdkhf ,Ue;jikahy;
kPz;Lk; tpuf;jpAld;$ba ngUk; mikjp
epytpaJ.
‘,ijg;gw;wp mtq;fsplk; nrhy;yp
Ntiyapy;iy... ahhplk; nrhy;ypAk;
gadpy;iy...”
mtsJ xyp nkd;ikahapDk; mjpy;
xU ,Wf;fj; jd;ik> gpbthjj; jd;ik
,Ug;gij Kjw; jlitahf lhf;lh;
[Pthde;jh czh;e;jhh;. vdNt mtuJ
kdjpy; ,J tiuapYk; fhzg;gl;l
mlf;fkhd jd;ik fiye;J nrd;W ghhpa
mikjpapd;ik gbg;gbahf cUthfj;
njhlq;fpaJ.
‘jaT nra;J ,q;fpUe;J Nghq;Nfh......
Ngha; NtW ahuhtJ xU lhf;liug;
gpbj;J... Njitahd vijAk; nra;J
nfhs;Sq;Nfh... vd;dhy; nfhiy
nra;a KbahJ.....” vdf; $w mtUf;Fj;
Njhd;wpaJ.
mj;jifanjhd;iw ,r;rpWkpf;Ff;
$Wtjdhy; gad; fpilf;Fkh? kWGwk;
mt;thwhdnjhd;iwf; $Wtjdhy;
jk;ikj; jtpu cs;s Vida midj;J
kUj;Jth;fSk; epe;jidf;Fk;
mtkhdj;jpw;Fk; cs;shthh;fs; my;yth?
kWGwj;jpy; ,uz;L NjhLfSld;
jk;kplk; te;Js;s ,e;j mg;ghtp Vio
Atjp mLj;jfl;l eltbf;ifahf
vjid Nkw;nfhs;syhk;? ,t;thwhd
gy;NtWgl;l Nfs;tpfSf;F kj;jpapy; mth;
ghhpa mikjpapd;ikf;F cs;shdhYk;
mjid FRkyjh Ghpe;Jnfhs;shj
tifapy; ele;J nfhs;Sk; msTf;F mth;
rhJhpak; gilj;j kUj;Jtuhthh;. jkJ
njhopypd; khz;gpidg; ghJfhj;Jf;
nfhz;L eph;f;fjpahd ,e;j ghlrhiy
khztpf;F toq;ff;$ba cjtpiaj;
Njb mtuJ kdk; Xbj;jphpe;jJ. ,uz;L
NgUf;Fk; kj;jpapy; NkYk; ePz;l mikjp
cUthfpaJ. FRkyjh cah;juk; caphpay;
Jiwapy; fy;tp gapy;fpd;whs;. vdNt
xU kUj;Jtuhy; gpd;gw;wg;gl Ntz;ba
xOf;f newpfs; njhlh;ghf Ghpe;Jzh;itg;
ngw;Wf;nfhLg;gjd; %yk; mtsJ
rpe;jidfspy; rpW khw;wj;ij Vw;gLj;j
KbAnkd ,sk; kUj;Jth; epidj;jhh;.
‘FRkyjh ePq;f rpy Neuk;
mwpe;jpUg;gPq;fs;…… kUj;Jth;fshfpa ehq;fs;
rpy xOf;f newpfisg; ghJfhg;gjw;F
fl;Lg;gl;Ls;Nshk; vd;gij…… me;j
xOf;f newpfspd; gpufhuk; ,e;j cyfpy;
gpwf;ftpUf;fpd;w... kdpj clYf;F
vt;tifapYk; jPq;fpid Vw;gLj;jhj...
Mgj;jw;w caph;f; fynkhd;iw…… kdpjf;
fUnthd;iw... mopg;gjhdJ kUj;Jth;
njhopYf;Nf epe;jidahFk;…… mj;jifa
fhhpankhd;iwr; nra;tJ gpwg;gjw;Fk;
Kd;dh; kdpj chpikia Fop Njhz;bg;
Gijg;gjhFk;.
kUj;Jthpd; ,f;$w;Wf;F Kd;dhy;
FRkyjh kPz;Lk; Gj;jfq;fis khh;Gld;
mizj;jthW iff;Fl;ilapd; xU
tpspk;ig fbf;f Muk;gpj;jhs;.
‘kdpj clYf;Fs; cl;GFk; xU
fphpkpia... mJ xU itu];> gf;Bhpahthf
,Uf;fyhk;... mj;jifanjhd;iw
mopg;gJ kUj;JtUf;Fhpa gzp...
mt;thwhdnjhd;iwf; fl;lhak; nra;a
31 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy; ,J mj;jifa
Nrjk; tpistpf;ff;$ba Mgj;jhd xU
fpUkpay;y... cyfpd; ,Ug;G ,jdhNyNa
,lk; ngWfpd;wJ... ,jdhy; jhd;
cyfpNyNa cd;djkhd gjtpahfpa jha;
vDk; gjtp cq;fSf;Ff; fpilf;fpd;wJ.
kuGhpikahfpd;wJ.
,sk; kUj;Jth; kpfTk; fUizAld;
mtSf;Fj; njspTgLj;jpdhh;. mj;NjhL
mtu; mtsJ eltbf;iffspy; Vw;gLfpd;w
midj;J khw;wq;fs; kPJk; mtjhdkhf
ftdk; Ftpj;jhh;.
FRkyjh nkd;ikahd Fuypy;
Ngrpdhs;.
‘Iah ePq;fs; $Wk; vy;yhtw;iwAk; ehd;
Vw;Wf;nfhs;fpNwd;”
mtSf;F rpy tplaq;fisg;
Ghpe;Jnfhs;Sk; mstpw;F fy;tpAk;
kdepiyAk; ,Ue;jik lhf;lh;
[Pthde;jhtpd; kfpo;r;rpf;F cz;ikahfNt
fhuzkhdJ. ,e;jthNw njhlh;;e;Jk;
mtSf;F tplaq;fisj; njspTgLj;jp
ehfhPfkhd Kbit Nehf;fp mtis
Mw;Wg;gLj;jyhnkd epidj;J
kfpo;r;rpaile;jhh;.
‘mJ jhNd> FRkyjhTf;F ed;whf
tpsq;fpf;nfhs;sf;$ba Mw;wy;
,Uf;fpd;wJ... ePq;fNs rpe;jpj;Jg; ghUq;f…….
fUtiwahdJ xU ehSk; xU rtf;Fop>
kahdk; Mff; $lhJ...mJ vkJ vjph;fhy
cyfk; cUthFk; gpurt miw...”
‘mg;gbnad;why;…….. ve;jnthU
kUj;JtUk; ve;jnthU re;jh;g;gj;jpYk;
nra;af;$lhj xU tplakh
fUf;fiyg;G?....... nra;ahj xU tplakh?
,J tiuAk; kUj;Jthpd; tphpTiuf;Fr;
nrtpkLj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j FRkyjh
Nfs;tpnahd;iwj; njhLj;jhs;.
mf;Nfs;tpahdJ mtsJ Gjprhypj;jdj;ij
cWjpg;gLj;Jk; xU fhuzpahf
mike;Js;sijg; Nghd;Nw mts;
jkJ mbg;gil Nehf;fj;ij ,d;dKk;
iftpltpy;iynad;gij cWjpg;gLj;Jk;
fhuzpahfTk; mike;Js;snjd kUj;Jth;
clNd Ghpe;J nfhz;lhh;.
‘Vdpy;iy? mj;jifanjhd;iw
nra;af;$ba jUzq;fs; cs;sd Fwpg;ghf
fh;g;gkhf ,Uf;Fk; NghJ jha;f;F
Vw;gLfpd;w rpy ghuJ}ukhd Neha;fspdhy;
tapw;wpYs;s Foe;ij ghjpg;Gf;F
cs;shFk; re;jh;g;gq;fspy;”.. ‘tpfhukile;j
gps;isfis gpurtpg;gjw;fhd gpd;dzp
mjd; %yk; cUthdhy;…… ‘mNj...
Nghd;W jhd; rpy rkaq;fspy; jhapd;
Rfhjhuk; jhapd; capiuf; fhg;ghw;w
Ntz;bNaw;gLfpd;w re;jh;g;gq;fspy;
fUf;fiyg;G nra;tjw;fhd mtfhrk;
vkf;Ff; fpilf;fpd;wJ…… ‘mJ kUj;Jt
tpjpfSf;F mikthdJ. “
mts; mikjpahf iff;Fl;iliaf;
fbg;gij epWj;jp mjid tphpj;J new;wpapy;
vOe;j tpah;itiaj; Jilj;jhs;. me;jf;
iff;Fl;ilapy; xd;whf ,ize;j ,U
,jaq;fspd; glk; ,Ug;gJ mtUf;F
XusT njhpe;jJ. rpy Ntis ,e;jf;
iff;Fl;il mtsJ fhjydpd; ghprhfTk;
,Uf;fyhk;.
‘ePq;fs; jhahf khwf;$ba
re;jh;g;gj;ijAk; ,oe;J nfhz;L
vd;idAk; nfhiyfhudhf;fp…… vdJ
cd;djkhd njhopypd; khz;gpidAk;
cq;fspd; jha; me;j];j;jpd;
ed;kjpg;gpidAk; mopj;Jf; nfhs;tJ
vt;tsT epe;jidahdnjhU Fw;wk;
FRkyjh...”
,Wjp thf;fpak; $wg;gLk; NghJ
mts; tpk;kp mo Muk;gpj;jhs;.
,sk; kUj;Jth; mr;rj;Jld;$ba
fz;fshy; ahNuDk; jq;fs; ,UtiuAk;
ghh;j;Jf; nfhz;Ls;shh;fsh vd;gij
mwptjw;fhf Rw;wpg; ghh;j;jhh;.
mjp\;ltrkhf Rw;Wg;Gwj;jpy;
ahUk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. ,Ug;gpDk;
,ilawhJ mOJ nfhz;bUf;Fk;
mtis rkhjhdg;gLj;JtJ vt;thW?
mtspd; gpur;rpidf;F jPh;nthd;iwg;
ngw;Wf;nfhLf;Fk; msTf;F jhk; capUf;F
epfuhfg; ghJfhf;Fk; tpOkpaq;fspdhNyh
mtw;iw mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l
tphpTiufspd; %ykhfNth
gad;fpilf;fkhl;lhnjd;gJ mtUf;F
ed;F njupAk;.
‘,q;f ghUq;f……. mLj;j fzk; ,sk;
kUj;Jth; rw;W Kd;dhy; tise;J
mtsJ Njhw;gl;iliag; gpbj;J> ,e;j
mOifia epWj;Jq;Nfh...” vd fUizahf
Nfl;Lf;nfhz;lhh;. mjw;fhf mts;
cliyAk; cs;sj;ijAk; fl;Lg;gLj;jpf;
nfhs;Sk; Kaw;rpapy; <Lgl;lhs;.
‘Kfj;jpYs;s fz;zPiu
Jilj;Jf;nfhs;Sq;Nfh... ehq;fs; ,jw;F
jPh;nthd;iwf; fz;Lgpbg;Nghk;.”
kUj;Jthpd; fUizkpF thh;j;ijfspd;
fhuzkhf mts; toik epiyf;Fj;
jpUk;gpdhs;. mts; ve;jsT mtuJ
32
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
thh;j;ijf;F fPo;g;gbe;jhs; vdf;
$WNthkhdhy; rpW Foe;ijiag;
Nghy; fz;zPiuj; Jilj;Jf; nfhz;Lk;
jiyKbiaf; iffshy; rhpg;gLj;jpf;
nfhz;Lk; ngUk; vjph;ghh;g;Gld; lhf;lh;
[Pthde;jhitg; ghh;j;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhs;.
mtsJ fPo;g;gbtpidAk; elj;ijfisAk;
ghh;j;jpUe;j mtuJ Kfj;jpYk; Gd;KWty;
vOe;jJ. mtSk; mjw;F ed;wp nrYj;Jk;
tifapy; Gd;difapd; %yk; cgrhpj;jhs;.
mJ mtsJ Kfj;jpy; vOe;j ,Wjpg;
Gd;dif vd;gij ,sk; kUj;Jth;
mt;Ntis vs;ssTk; epidf;ftpy;iy.
mLj;jjhf mth; jkJ new;wpiaj;
jltpathW fz;fis %bf;nfhz;L rpy
Neuk; rpe;jpf;fj; njhlq;fpdhh;.
‘ehd; xd;iwr; nry;yl;Lkh…… ,ijg;
gw;wp cq;fshy; tPl;Lf;Fr; nrhy;y KbahJ
jhNd?..”
‘Xk; Iah...” mts; vjph;ghh;g;GfSld;
$wpdhs;. ‘ePq;f ehisf;F fhiyapy;
mk;khitAk; mg;ghitAk;
$l;bf;nfhz;L vd;dplk; thUq;Nfh………
Mff; Fiwe;jJ mk;khit kl;LkhtJ
$l;bf;nfhz;L thq;Nfh... ehd; ve;jg;
gpur;rpidAk; Vw;glhjthW... mth;fSf;F
vy;yhtw;iwAk; njspTgLj;JNtd;... vd;d
nra;a Ntz;Lnkd;gijAk; nrhy;ypj;
jUfpNwd;..”
vjph;ghh;f;fg;glhj me;jg; gjpyhy;
FRkyjhtpd; mofhd Kfk; fU
Nkfq;fshy; #og;gl;l #hpaidg; Nghy;
,Uz;lJ.
‘,ijj; jtpu NtW xU jPh;Tk; ,y;iyah
Iah?.....”
‘Vd; mg;gbf; Nfl;fpwPh;fs;?....... ,J
jhd; ey;y jPh;T. cq;fSf;Fg; gpur;rpid
Vw;glhjthW ehd; mth;fSf;Fj;
njspTgLj;jpf; nfhLg;Ngd;.”
kPz;Lk; xU rpy epkplk; nksdk;
gutpaJ.
‘mth;fSf;Fj; njspTgLj;jpg; NghjhJ
Iah...” mts; mLj;J $wte;jij tpOq;fpf;
nfhz;lhs;. ,Ue;Jk; mtUf;F mjid
Nkhg;gk; nfhs;s Kbe;jJ.
‘rhp ehd; yPnthd;iwg; Nghl;Ltpl;L
te;J cq;fs; ez;giuAk; re;jpj;J
mtUf;Fk; cq;fs; epiyikiag; gw;wp
njspTgLj;Jfpd;Nwd;. mNjNghd;W ePq;fs;
,uz;L NgUk; xd;whf ,iztjw;fhfTk;
- cq;fs; jpUkzj;jpw;fhfTk; vd;dhy;
Kbe;j vy;yh cjtpfisAk; nra;J
jUfpd;Nwd! vd;d nrhy;wPq;fs;?”
lhf;lh; [Pthde;jh mtsJ gjpy;
fpilf;Fk; tiu rw;W Neuk; mikjpahf
,Ue;J rLjpahf khw;wkilfpd;w mtsJ
mirTfis kpfTk; mtjhdj;Jld;
ghh;j;Jf;nfhz;bUe;jhh;. Ghpe;Jnfhs;s
Kbahj me;j czh;tiyfs; ,sk;
kUj;Jtiu kPz;Lk; rpukj;jpy; js;spaJ.
mtu; vt;tsT Neuk; ,g;gb ,Ue;jhh;
vd;gJ mtUf;F epidtpy;iy.
jpBnud..‘Iahtpd; jPh;T mJthdhy;…….. ehd;
mjid Vw;fpNwd;.”
kUj;JtUf;F ngUk; epk;kjpahf ,Ue;jJ.
mtuJ Kaw;rp jw;NghJ ntw;wpaspj;Js;sJ.
mts; iffis ePl;b Nkirapd; kPJ
itf;fg;gl;bUe;j ,uz;L NjhLfisAk;
iff;Fs; RUl;bf;nfhz;lhs;.
‘rhp ,itnahd;Wk; rhptuhtpl;lhy;?.......”
‘gag;gl Ntz;lhk; gps;is> vy;yhk;
rhp tUk;... ehd; vg;gbahtJ cq;fSf;F
xU jPu;itg;; ngw;Wj; jUNtd;..” ngUk;
vjph;ghh;g;Gld; kUj;Jth; gjpyspj;jhh;.
mts; ,Uf;ifiatpl;L vOe;jhs;.
‘Kbahtpl;lhy;... VjhtnjhU
fhuzj;jhy;…….. Iah epidg;gJ
elf;fhtpl;lhy;.. Iah.. vdf;F... mj.. nra;..
J.. j.. U..tPq;.. fsh?
rw;Wj; jaf;fj;JlNdDk; mts; XusT
typAWj;jpf; $wpa me;j tplaj;jpdhy;
kUj;Jth; NfhghNt\k; nfhz;lhh;.
mts; $WtJ rpyNtis cz;ikahf
mikayhk;. VjhtJ xU fhuzj;jpdhy;
jkJ vz;zj;ij epiwNtw;w Kbahky;
Nghfyhk;. mg;gb ele;jhy; mtspd;
tpjpiaj; jPh;khdpf;Fk; gpujhd fhuzp
jhNk. kdr;rhl;rpf;fpzq;ff; fUf;fiyg;Gr;
nra;a jk;khy; xU NghJk; KbahJ
Kbahtpl;lhy;...
VjhtnjhU fhuzj;jhy;……..
Iah epidg;gJ
elf;fhtpl;lhy;.. Iah..
vdf;F... mj.. nra;.. J.. j..
U..tPq;.. fsh?
33 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
vd;gij mth; mwpthh;. mLj;j gpur;rpid
ahnjdpy; ,t;thwhdnjhU gzpapd; NghJ
Jujp\;ltrkhf Nkyjpf gpur;rpidfs;
vOe;jhy; mJ mtUf;Fk;> mtuJ
njhopYf;Fk;> cd;djkhd kUj;Jtj;
njhopYf;Fk; mtkhdkhFk;. rpy
rkak; mJ mtuJ kUj;Jtj; njhopypd;
KbthfTk; mikayhk;. ,jw;Fk; Nkyhf
vof;$ba r%f hPjpahd epe;jidfs;>
kWGwj;jpy; rpiwthrk; nry;yf;$ba ghhpa
Fw;wr; nrayhfTk; mJ mikayhnkd
mtuJ rpe;jidf;F te;jJ. ,jpNy
jkJ epiyg;ghl;bid NeubahfNt
mtSf;Fj; njhptpg;gJ nghUj;jkhdJ.
,y;yhtpl;lhy; mts; Nkw;nfhz;Lk;
ghuJhukhd vjph;ghh;;;g;Gfis kdjpNy
nfhs;ths;. Mdhy; xNuabahf ,tw;iw
mtsplk; $WtJ vg;gb?
‘ePq;fs; ve;j re;Njfj;ijAk; nfhs;s
Ntz;bajpy;iy. vkJ jpl;lk; fl;lhakhf
rhptUk;… ehk; Mgj;jhd Ntiyfisr;
nra;a Ntz;b Vw;glkhl;lJ...”
‘Vd; Iah vdJ Nfs;tpf;F Neubahf
gjpy; juhky; ,Uf;fpd;wPh;fs;?”
‘ehd; Vw;nfdNt $wptpl;Nld;>
cq;fSf;F nra;a Ntz;ba midj;J
cjtpfisAk; nra;Ntd; vd;W... vdf;F
xU ehSk; mijr; nra;a KbahJ. Mdhy;
ePq;fs; gpd;dila Ntz;lhk;. ijhpakhf
,Uq;fs;.. ePq;f ,g;g Ngha; mk;khitf;
$l;bf;nfhz;L ehisf;F thq;Nfh….. ,J
ey;y Kiwapy; jPUk;... vdf;F E}w;Wf; E}W
tPj ek;gpf;if cs;sJ...”
ngUk; vjph;ghh;g;GfSld; lhf;lh;
[Pthde;jh Fwpg;gpl;lhh;. FRkyjh
kUj;Jtiu xU rpy epkplk; ghh;j;Jf;
nfhz;bUe;jhs;. mtsJ gjpy; vd;dthf
mikAk; vd rpe;jpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j
kUj;JtUf;F me;j nehbg;nghOJ
gy kpy;ypad; tUlq;fisg; Nghd;W
ePz;ljhfj; njhpe;jJ.
‘ehd; Ngha;l;L thud; Iah...”
mts; mth; kPJ ed;wp G+h;tkhd
ghh;itiar; nrYj;jp mt;tplj;ij
tpl;lfd;W fjtbf;F te;J kPz;Lk; lhf;lh;
[Pthde;jh mth;fisj; jpUk;gpg; ghh;j;jhs;.
‘cq;fSf;F ngUk; Gz;zpak; Iah...”
mts; ,Wjpahf me;j thh;j;ijfisf;
$wp me;j ,lj;jpypUe;J ntspNawpdhs;.
rpy kzpj;jpahyq;fspypyhd jkJ Kaw;rp
ntw;wpaile;jikapdhYk;> mjd; %yk;
cz;ikahd kUj;Jtuhf xU Nehahspf;F
- mg;ghtpg; gps;isnahd;Wf;F topfhl;l
Kbe;jikapdhYk;> cd;djkhd kUj;Jtj;
njhopypd; xOf;f newpfis ghJfhf;f
Kbe;jikapdhYk; mth; ngUikg;gl;lhh;.
mjd; gpd;dh; mtu; Rkhh; miu
kzpj;jpahyk; rpy rpW flikfspy;
<Lgl;L gpw;gfy; ,uz;liu kzpf;F
kjpa czTf;fhfr; nrd;w Ntis
tiuapyhd fhyg;gFjpapy; M];gj;jphpf;F
mUfhikapy; mike;Js;s mlFf; fil
th;j;jfUk; tptrha ,urhadg; nghUs;
tpw;gidahsUk; mth;fsJ njhopYf;Fj;
jdpj;Jtkhd tpOkpaq;fisg; ghJfhj;J
cr;r kl;l ghtidahsh; Nritia
toq;fp> FRkyjhit cr;r kl;lj;jpy;
jpUg;jpailar; nra;jpUe;jhh;fs;.
mLj;jjhf ehisa jpdk; lhf;lh;
[Pthde;jh gpNuj ghpNrhjidnahd;Wf;F
Kfq;nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,j;jifa fpuhkpa
M];gj;jphpnahd;wpy; xU tpNrl rl;l
kUj;Jth; ,Uf;fkhl;lhh;. vt;thwhapDk;
M];gj;jphpf;Ff; nfhz;Ltug;gl;L
kuzpf;Fk; xUtuJ kuzj;jpw;fhf gpujhd
kUj;Jth; vd;wtifapy; mtuJ rpghh;R
NghJkhdJ. tp\k; mUe;jpj; jw;nfhiy
nra;J nfhz;likia cWjpg;gLj;j
NghJkhd msT rhl;rpfs; cs;sd.
re;Njfkpd;wp Vw;Wf;nfhs;sf;$ba
,aYikAk; cs;sJ. FRkyjhtpd; cliy
ntl;b ghpNrhjpg;gjd; %yk; (mtSf;Fk;
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34
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2012 Kjyhk; miuahz;by; ntspte;jJ.
36
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37 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
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38
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
mwpKfQ; nra;J jtwhd njhLif> Mghr
E}y;fSf;Fg; gof;fg;gLjy;> Kiwaw;w
njhlh;Gfs;> Mghr glq;fs; kw;Wk;
ntspaPLfs; fhl;lg;gLtJ njhlh;ghf
tpsf;fkspf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. 8 Mk; tFg;gpy;
clypd; mofpid Ngzpf;nfhz;L
kfpo;r;rpahd tho;f;ifapidf; fopj;jy;
vDk; jpwd; kl;lk; njhlh;ghf
tpsf;fkspj;J caphpdq;fspd; tho;f;if
Kiwf;F mjpYs;s Kf;fpaj;Jtk;>
J\;gpuNahfk;> Nghypahd fUj;Jfs;>
,dg;ngUf;fj; njhFjpapd; mofpidg;
NgZtjw;fhd jkJ nghWg;G kw;Wk;
gq;fspg;G> rhpahd tpopg;G+l;ly;fs;
kw;Wk; r%f tpOkpaq;fs; Mfpa
gy;NtWgl;l Njhw;wg;ghLfspd; Clhf
tpsf;fq;fs; mspf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. xd;gjhk;
tFg;G kw;Wk; mjd; gpd;dh; 11 Mk;
tFg;G tiu ghlj;jpl;lq;fspd; %yk;
ghy;epiyapDs; nghWg;Gld; nraw;gl;L
mjDld; ,ize;Js;s rthy;fSf;F
rpwg;ghf Kfq; nfhLg;gJ njhlh;ghf
gy;NtWgl;l Njhw;wg;ghLfspd; Clhf
fye;Jiuahlg;gl;Ls;sd. Fwpg;ghf
khdpl ghypay;> jpUkzj;jpd; fyhrhu
kw;Wk; r%f hPjpahd Kf;fpaj;Jtk;>
ghy;epiy> fUj;jhpj;j re;jh;g;gk;> rpWth;
ghJfhg;G kw;Wk; Mz;fspd; nghWg;Gfs;>
njhw;W Neha;fisj; jtph;j;Jf; nfhs;Sjy;>
ghypay; J\;gpuNahfk; Mfpa jiyg;GfSk;
njhdpg;nghUs;fSk; mtw;Wf;F kj;jpapy;
cs;sd.
VNjDnkhU ghltpjhdk; ghlq;fspy;
Njh;r;rp ngw;wth;fisf; nfhz;l
rignahd;wpdJ MNyhridapd;
gpufhuk; Kiwahd gjpg;gpd; gpd;dh;
ghlg; Gj;jfq;fspd; tbtpy; khzth;fsJ
fuq;fis milAk; vd;gJ nghJr; r%f
Vw;Wf;nfhs;syhFk;. ,jpy; cs;slf;f
hPjpahfTk; njhopy;El;g hPjpahfTk;
FiwghLfs; Mff; FiwthfNt
,Uf;Fk; vd;gJ ngw;Nwhh;fspdJk;
Vw;Wf;nfhs;syhFk;. Vnddpy; jkJ
gps;isfs; ghlrhiyapy; KOikahd
fy;tpiag; ngWfpd;wdh; vd mth;fs;
ek;gpf;if nfhz;bUg;gJ ,jw;Ff;
fhuzkhFk;. xU ghlj;jpw;fhd
njhdpg;nghUspd; %yk; fy;tp mjpfhhpfs;
vjph;ghh;f;Fk; tifapy; Fwpj;j tplak;
epiwNtWfpd;wjh vd;gJ njhlh;ghfNt
ehk; ,q;F gFg;gha;T nra;a Ntz;Lk;.
ghypay; fy;tp vDk; njhdpg;nghUis
RUf;fkhf Muha;e;J ghh;g;Nghkhdhy;
,dg;ngUf;fk; kw;Wk; kdpj cly;
gw;wpa mwptpd; %yk; rpwe;j ghypay;
tho;f;ifiaf; fopj;jy;> ghypay;
hPjpahd J\;gpuNahfq;fs; njhlh;ghf
mwpT+l;lg;gLjy; kw;Wk; jLj;jy;>
ghJfhg;ghd ghypay; elj;ij %yk;
r%f hPjpahd Neha;fisj; jLj;jy; kw;Wk;;;
mjD}lhf r%f hPjpahd gpur;rpidfSf;Fj;
jPh;Tfis toq;Fjy; kw;Wk; mj;jifa
rthy;fis ntw;wp nfhs;Sjy; kw;Wk;
caphpd; ,Ug;Gf;fhf jpUkzk; Nghd;w
gy;NtWgl;l fyhrhu gpizg;Gfspd;
Kf;fpaj;Jtk; Nghd;w tplaq;fs; kPJ
ftdk; Ftpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
vt;thwhapDk; Nkw;gb tplaj;
njhdpg;nghUis eilKiwg;gLj;Jk;
NghJ gy;NtWgl;l njhopy;El;gj;
jtWfspd; fhuzkhf chpa ,yf;FfisAk;
mgpyhirfisAk; Nehf;fp ghlrhiy
Kiwik gazpf;fpd;wjhntd Muha;e;J
ghh;f;f Ntz;Lk;. jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; 6
Mk; tFg;Gf;fhd ghlg; Gj;jfq;fisg;
gapd;w vdf;F ,dg;ngUf;fj; njhFjp
vDk; jiyg;gpid khzth;fSf;F
mwpKfg;gLj;j Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;s
Kaw;rpahdJ njhz;ilf;Fj; njhpahky;
khj;jpiu rhg;gpLtjw;F vLf;fg;gl;l
Kaw;rpahfNt czuf;$bajhftpUe;jJ.
mjhtJ xU tifahd Iag;ghl;LlNdNa
mJ Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;sJ.
,jid NkyjpfkhfTk; njspTgLj;jpf;
$WNtdhapd; xU nry;yg; ghyfd; jdJ
jhaplk; mk;kh> ehd; vg;gbg; gpwe;Njd;
Mwhk; tFg;Gf;fhd ghlg; Gj;jfq;fisg; gapd;w vdf;F
,dg;ngUf;fj; njhFjp vDk; jiyg;gpid khzth;fSf;F
mwpKfg;gLj;j Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;s Kaw;rpahdJ
njhz;ilf;Fj; njhpahky; khj;jpiu rhg;gpLtjw;F
vLf;fg;gl;l Kaw;rpahfNt czuf;$bajhftpUe;jJ.
39 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
vd;W Nfl;Fk; NghJ flTs; je;jhh;
vd;W jha; koiyg;; gjpy; nrhy;tijg;
Nghy; cs;sJ. jw;fhyg; gps;isfis
,Uspy; jltpj; jphpAk; epiyikf;F ,l;Lr;
nry;yyhfhnjd;gij fy;tp ntspaPl;L
tplaj;jpw;Fg; nghWg;ghd mjpfhhpfs;
mwpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j ehl;Lg;
ghlrhiyg; Gj;jfq;fspy; fhzg;gLfpd;w
njhopy;El;gf; FiwghLfisr;
Rl;bf;fhl;b fle;j Nk 25 Mk; jpfjp
khj;jiw E}g;Ng W`{Z fyhrhu
epiyaj;jpy; rpWth; Neha; kUj;Jt epGzh;
jpU. m[pj; mkurpq;` mth;fs; kpfr; rpwe;j
rkh;g;gznkhd;iw Nkw;nfhz;bUe;jhh;.
xd;gjhk; tFg;G tpQ;Qhdg; Gj;jfj;jpd;
gl ,yf;fk; 9-4 ,y; ngahplg;gl;Ls;s
tpe;jZthdJ vl;lhk; tFg;G
tpQ;Qhdj;jpw;fhd 2008 Mk; Mz;Lg;
gjpg;gpd; 18 Mk; gf;fj;jpy; jug;gl;Ls;s
xU ehf ghk;gpd; glj;jpd; msTf;F
epfuhdnjd mth; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whh;.
xd;gjhk; tFg;Gf;fhd chpa ghlj;jpd;
chpa tpe;jZtpdJ glj;jpd; fPo; EZf;ff;
fhl;bahy; ghh;f;Fk; NghJ vd mbf;
Fwpg;G (caption) jpUj;jg;gl Ntz;Lky;yth
vd mth; tpdTfpd;whh;. mJ mt;thW
mikahjjd; fhuzkhf gps;isfs;
cWg;Gf;fspd; msT rk;ge;jkhf jtwhd
Ghpe;Jzh;itg; ngWfpd;wdh; my;yth
vd mth; tpdTfpd;whh;. mNj Gj;jfj;jpy;
#yfj;ijf; fhl;Lfpd;w glj;jpYk; mbf;
Fwpg;G (caption) ‘EZf;ff; fhl;bahy;
ghh;f;Fk; NghJ” vd rhpnra;ag;gLjy;
Ntz;LnkdTk; ghlrhiyg; Gj;jfq;fis
vOJk;NghJ kpfTk; nghWg;Gld; vOj
Ntz;LnkdTk; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whh;. (u[pd>
2012 A+iy 5> gf;fk; 18-19). rhjhuzkhf
tpliyg; gUtj;jpYs;s ghlrhiyg;
gps;isfs; clypd; ,dg;ngUf;f
cWg;Gfis Mghrf; fijfSf;fhfg;
gad;gLj;JtJk; mtw;iw rphpg;Gld;
ghh;g;gJk; eilKiw hPjpapy; cz;iknad
ehk; mwpNthk;. ,jd;gb Nkw;gb
kUj;Jth; Fwpg;gl;l njhopy;El;gj;
jtWfs; gps;isfis nghWg;Gld; $ba
ghypay; fy;tpapypUe;J mfw;wp Nkw;$wpa
rphpg;G+l;Lk; re;jh;g;gj;jpw;F ,l;Lr;
nry;fpd;wnjd;gJ cz;ikahFk;.
,NjNtis> ghypay; fy;tp njhlh;ghd
ghlq;fs; 8> 9> 10 Mk; tFg;GfSf;fhd
tpQ;Qhd ghlj;jpd; fPo; ,ilawhJ
Ngzg;gltpy;iy. ,J njhlh;ghf
Muha;tjw;fhf 09 Mk; tFg;gpw;Ff;
fw;gpf;Fk; tpQ;Qhd ghlj;jpw;Fg;
nghWg;ghd Xh; Mrphpiaiar; re;jpj;Njd;.
‘,th;fsJ taJf;Fj; jhd; ,e;jg;
ghlq;fs; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,tw;iwg;
gw;wp mwpe;Jnfhs;s nghpa Mu;tk;;
fhl;Lfpd;whh;fs;> ,Ue;jhYk; ghlg;
Gj;jfq;fspy; ,it jug;glhky; ,Uf;Fk;
NghJ ehq;fs; ntsptplaq;fisf; fw;gpf;f
KbahJ.”
nghUspay; hPjpahf Nfs;tpf;F Vw;w
epuk;gy; ,y;yhjtplj;J mJ gztPf;fj;jpw;F
top Vw;gLj;Jk; vd ehk; mwpNthk;. cly;
hPjpahd khw;wq;fisf; fhl;Lk; tajpYs;s
gps;isfSf;F mjw;F xg;ghf cs hPjpahd
Njitfisg; G+h;j;jp nra;ahjtplj;J
Vw;glf;$ba vjph;fhy r%fj; Jd;gpay;
njhlh;ghf mjpfhhpfistpl Mrpah;fSf;F
Ghpe;Jzh;T cs;snjd;gJ ,jd; %yk;
cWjpahfpd;wjy;yth?
ghypay; njhlh;ghd tplaq;fs;
mehtrpakhd Kiwapy; %b
kiwf;fg;gl;bUg;gJk;> ,jd; tpisthf
%l ek;gpf;iffs; kw;Wk; jtwhd
fUj;Jf;fs; ,yFthfg; gps;isfspd;
kdq;fis Mf;fpukpj;Jf;nfhs;tJk; vkJ
r%fj;jpy; gy gpur;rpidfs; Vw;gLtjw;F
%y fhuzkhf mike;Js;snjd
ngz; Neha; kUj;Jt epGzh; jpU.
ghypay; njhlh;ghd tplaq;fs; mehtrpakhd
Kiwapy; %b kiwf;fg;gl;bUg;gJk;>
,jd; tpisthf %l ek;gpf;iffs; kw;Wk;
jtwhd fUj;Jf;fs; ,yFthf gps;isfspd;
kdq;fis Mf;fpukpj;Jf;nfhs;tJk; vkJ
r%fj;jpy; gy gpur;rpidfs; Vw;gLtjw;F %y
fhuzkhf mike;Js;sJ.
40
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
N`ke;j njhlk;g`y Fwpg;gpLfpd;whh;.
(jUzp> 2012.05.30> gf;fk; 6) ,Nj
gf;fj;jpd; nghUl;L fUj;Jj; njhptpf;Fk;
ehlff; fiyQh; jpUkjp Nrhkyjh
Rgrpq;` mth;fs;> tPl;by; ghypay;
gw;wpa mwptpidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLg;gJ
fbdnkd;gjhy; ghlrhiyahdJ
mjidg; ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f Ntz;LnkdTk;
,dg;ngUf;fr; Rfhjhuk; gw;wpa mwptpidg;
ngw;Wf;nfhLf;Fk; NghJ mjid xU
tpNrl tplakhff; fUj;jpw; nfhs;shky;
fw;gpf;f Ntz;LnkdTk; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whh;.
,jd;NghJ vdJ epidTfs; ehd;
f.ngh.j. rhjhuz ju ghPl;irf;Fj;
Njhw;wpa 1990 ,d; ,Wjp fhy fl;lj;ij
Nehf;fpr; nry;fpd;wd. mg;NghJ 11 Mk;
Mz;Lf;fhd tpQ;Qhdg; Gj;jfq;fspYk;
ghypay; fy;tp njhlh;ghf xU ghlk;
cs;slf;fg;gl;bUe;jNjhL ghlrhiyg;
Gj;jfq;fs; gfph;e;jspf;fg;gl;lTld;
ehq;fs; mg;ghlj;ij thrpg;gijNa
Kjypy; nra;Nthk;. ,j;jifanjhU ghlk;
gjpNdhuhk; Mz;by; cs;snjd ehq;fs;
gj;jhk; Mz;Lf;F rpj;jpngw Kd;gjhfNt
mwpe;jpUe;Njhk;. ,g;ghlkhdJ
Gj;jfj;jpd;gb tUlj;jpd; eLg;gFjpf;F
chpajhf mike;jpUe;jhYk; tpQ;Qhd
ghl Mrphpia ,jid vg;NghJ
fw;gpg;ghh; vd;gij mwpAk; MtYld;
ghh;j;jpUe;Njhk;. mofpa ,sk; Mrphpia
NkNyhl;lkhf ghlj;ijj; njhl;Lr;
nrd;w NghJ tpQ;Qhd ghlj;jpw;fhd
gpuj;jpNaf tFg;G Mrphpah; kPJ ngUk;
ek;gpf;if nfhz;Nlhk;. Vnddpy;
mth; vq;fs; cs hPjpahd Njitia
mDgt hPjpahfNt mwpe;jpUe;jikahy;
ghlj;jpw;F xU khjj;jpw;F Kd;dNu ‘me;j
ghlj;ij Fwpj;j ehspy; elj;JNtd;”
vDk; mwptpj;jiy vkf;F Vw;nfdNt
toq;fpapUe;jikNa fhuzkhFk;.
khzth;fspd; Nfs;tpfs;> tpsf;fk; ngwy;
kw;Wk; Xa;tpy;yhky; tUfpd;w Nfs;tpj;
Jz;Lfs; vd;gtw;wpd; fhuzkhf
Vida ghlq;fistpl mjpfkhd
fhyj;ij ,g;ghlk; RtPfhpj;Jf;nfhz;lJ.
ghypay; njhlh;ghf ntspg;gilahff;
fye;JiuahLtjw;F gpuj;jpNaf tFg;G>
md;W vkf;F tha;g;gpidg; ngw;Wj; je;jJ
vd;gij ,q;Nf Fwpg;gpl tpUk;Gfpd;Nwd;.
Nfs;tpfspypUe;J jg;gpr; nrd;w
ghlrhiy Mrphpia vk;ik re;Njfj;jpYk;
Nkilf;$r;rj;jpYk;; %o;fbj;jhNunahopa
vk;ikr; rhpahf tpopg;G+l;ltpy;iy. mNj
mDgtj;ijNa ,d;W ehd; Mrphpah;
njhopypy; <Lgl;Lg; ngWfpd;Nwd;.
njhlh;Gila vkJ jiyg;gpd; gpufhuk;
11 Mk; tFg;G tpQ;Qhd ghlj;jpw;Fg;
nghWg;ghd Mrphpia xUtiu re;jpj;j ehd;
chpa ghlq;fs; njhlh;ghf khzth;fspd;
gjpy;fs; vt;thW cs;snjd tpdtpNdd;.
‘,e;jg; gps;isfNshL ,njy;yhk;
nra;a Kbahjg;gh. xt;nthU ehSk;
Nfl;fpwhh;fs;> ‘kp]; me;jg; ghlj;ijg;
gbg;gpf;fkhl;Bq;fsh” vd;W. me;jg;
ghlj;ijg; gw;wp cq;fSf;F vd;idtplj;
njhpAk; jhNd> vd;W ehd; eStpg;
Ngha;tpl;Nld;.”
,e;j MrphpiaAk; xU mofhd ,sk;
Mrphpia. nfhOk;G khtl;lj;jpd; fytd;
ghlrhiynahd;wpd; khzth;fSf;F
ghypay; gw;wpa ghlj;jpid jhk; fw;gpg;gJ
Kf;fpaky;y> ngWkjpay;y vDk;
epiyg;ghl;by; mth; cs;shh;.
,jd; gpufhuk; 90 Mk; jrhg;jj;jpd;
rk;gtj; njhlh; ,d;W$l ,g;ghlrhiyf;
fl;likg;gpy; ,lk;ngw;W
tUfpd;wnjdf; Fwpg;gpl;lhy; ahUk;
gpio nfhs;skhl;lhh;fs;. vdNt>
ehlfj; jiyth; jpUkjp Nrhkyjh
Rgrpq;` $wpathW ghlrhiyapy;
ntspg;gilahff; fye;Jiuahlg;gl
Ntz;batw;iw %b kiwj;J mjid
Kiwrhh;gw;w Kiwfspd; Clhfg;
ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F gps;isfSf;F
,lkspg;gjhdJ Mrphpah;fspd;
flg;ghL my;y vd;gJld; mJ
ghuJ}ukhd J\;gpuNahf epiyikf;Fk;
toprikf;Fk;. xU ngz;Zf;Fk;
MZf;Fk; ,ilapy; ghypay; clYwT
tiuapyhd nrad;KiwNa ghypay;
fy;tpnad> fw;gpj;jy; nrad;Kiwapy;
<Lgl;Ls;sth;fNs jtwhf
nghUs;Nfhly; nra;Jnfhs;thh;fshapd;
,e;jg; gps;isfNshL
,njy;yhk; nra;a
bahjg;gh. xt;nthU
ehSk; Nfl;fpwhh;fs;..
‘kp]; me;jg; ghlj;ijg;
gbg;gpf;fkhl;Bq;fsh”
vd;W...
41 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
mf;fy;tpapd; Kjd;ik Nehf;fNk
mw;Wg; NghAs;snjdf; Fwpg;gplyhk;.
fhyk; Kd; Nehf;;fpg; gazpj;jhYk;
gps;isfspdJk; ,isQh;fspdJk;
rpe;jidfSk; NjitfSk; rpwpjstpNyNa
khw;wkilfpd;wd.
ghypay; njhlh;ghf fw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F
md;W vkf;Fs; ,Ue;j mth
,d;iwa gps;isfSf;Fs;Sk;
mt;thNw fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. fy;tpr;
nrad;KiwahdJ chpa Kiwapy; Xl;lk;
ngwhtpl;lhy; Njitfs; cUthFk;
NghJ Vw;gLfpd;w ghy;a jpUkzq;fs;>
J\;gpuNahfq;fs; kw;Wk; ghypay; hPjpahff;
flj;jg;gLfpd;w kuzj;ij Vw;gLj;jf;$ba
njhw;W Neha;fs; vd;gtw;wpd; %yk;
gy;NtWgl;l r%f nghUshjhu> fyhrhu
rpf;fy;fs; vd;gitNa Njhw;wk; ngWk;.
ghypay; njhlh;ghd jpwe;j
fye;Jiuahly;fspd; %yk; r%fj;jpy;
fhzg;gLfpd;w ghypay; hPjpahd
Jd;GWj;jy; epiyikfs; mfd;W nry;Yk;
vd;gJ ngUk;ghyhd tpkh;rfh;fspd;
fUj;jhFk;. jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; ,j;jifa
fye;Jiuahlypd; mDgtj;ij xU
fpuhkj;jpd; gpugy;ak; tha;e;j Njrpa
ghlrhiynahd;wpd; khztpahfg;
ghlrhiyg; gUtj;jpNyNa mjhtJ
90 Mk; jrhg;jj;jpd; ,Wjpf;fhyg;
gFjpapy; ngwKbe;jikahdJ ehd;
ngw;w ghf;fpakhFk;. Njrpa fy;tp
epWtfj;jpypUe;J tUifje;j Mrphpa
MNyhrfh;fs; rpyuhy; ,f;fy;tpf;
fUj;juq;F ghlrhiy tshfj;jpy;
xOq;F nra;ag;glbUe;jNjhL jfty;fs;
ntspg;gilahfTk; fye;Jiuahlg;gl;lJ.
Muk;g fl;lk; Nkilf;$r;rj;Jld;
fhzg;gl;lJ. Neubahf ahUk;
Nfs;tpfis vOg;gtpy;iy. gbg;gbahff;
fye;Jiuahly; ntspg;gilj; jd;ikiag;
ngw;wJld;> mwpe;jpUf;fhj gy
tplaq;fis mwpaf;$bajhftpUe;jJ.
xNu ejpapy; my;yJ Fsj;jpy; Mz;fSk;
ngz;fSk; xd;whf ePuhLtjd;
%yk; fUj;jhpf;fg;gLfpd;wnjd;gJ
fUj;jhpj;jy; njhlh;ghf md;W vk;ik
Mu;tj;jpw;;Fl;gLj;jpa xU jiyg;ghFk;.
vt;thwhapDk; md;W elj;jg;gl;l
fUj;juq;fpd; %yk; nastdj;jpd; thry;gb
mUfhikapy; ,Ue;j ehk; nfhz;bUe;j
jtwhd fUj;Jf; fisag;gl;lJ. ,J
xU cjhuzk; kl;LNk. ,Ug;gpDk;
,j;jifa tha;g;Gfs; ,yq;ifapYs;s
vy;yhg; ghlrhiyfSf;Fk; rhpepfuhf
fpilg;gjpy;iy vd;gjid ehk;
Ghpe;Jnfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ngsjPf kw;Wk;
kdpj tsg; gw;whf;Fiwfs; fhzg;gLfpd;w
f\;lg; gpuNjr ghlrhiyfs;
,yq;ifapy; Vuhskhf cs;sd. vdNt>
Mrphpah; vDk; jdpg;gl;l MSikapd;
Clhf khzth;fis ,j;jifa
fye;Jiuahly;fSf;F ,Oj;njLf;Fk;
Mw;wy; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. Mrphpah;>
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nespe;J tisfpd;w NghJ
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jhd; NgRtJ?
42
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
mth; Rl;bf;fhl;bdhh;. Fwpg;ghf
Vw;nfdNt Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW
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NghJ Fwpg;ghf Mz; gps;isfs;
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jd;ik vd;gtw;iwAk; ,J rhjhuzkhf
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Ntz;ba xU nraw;ghL vd;gjid
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ghypay; fy;tp vdg;gLtJ ntWkNd
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mr;nraw;ghl;bd; xU Kf;fpakhd fl;lk;
kl;LNk vd;gij khzth;fSf;Fg;
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fye;JiuahLk;; NghJ clYwTf;fhf
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cs> r%f> fyhrhu hPjpahfTk;
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%yk; caphpdj;jpd; ,Ug;Gf;fhf
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itf;f Ntz;Lk;
43 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
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vdj; jtwhfg; Ghpe;Jnfhz;L ghlj;ij
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rQ;rpifapy; 2012 Kjyhk; miuahz;by; ntspte;jJ.
44
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tpQuhf> vOj;jhsuhf mwpag;gl;bUe;j
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fUJfpd;Nwd;. jw;fhyj;jpy; ,e;j epiy
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,d;W ,e;j epiyapy; khw;wk; Vw;gl;Ls;sJ.
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46
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
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thapy; jpzpj;J ghy; mUe;jr; nra;tjpy;
ghjpf;fg;gl;l ngz;zpd; jhAk;> ,d;ndhU
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vd;d ghtk; nra;jJ? rpj;j RthjPdkw;w
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fLikahd tpku;rdj;jpw;F
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nrt;tpapdhy; K];ypk; r%fj;jpw;Fs;spUe;J
gy;NtW vjpu;g;GfSk;> fz;ldq;fSk;
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njhopyhf mJTk; rl;lG+u;khd njhopyhf
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,lk;ngw;WtUtjid ehk; ahUk;
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ehd; Gupe;jjhfTk; mz;ikapy;
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rl;l mq;fPfhuk; mspg;gjdhy; mjpy;
midtUk; <Lglyhk; vd;gJ mu;j;jkpy;iy.
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filfisj; Njbr; nry;tJk; ,ay;G.
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,lk;ngWtJ cWjp nra;ag;gLk;NghJ
gy khWjy;fs; Vw;gl topAz;L. ngz;
tpahghuk; epWj;jg;glTk; rhj;jpaKz;L.
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vd;W Fuy; vOg;Gtu;fs;> jPu;Tfis
Kd;itf;fNtz;Lk;. vkf;Fk; ngz;fs;
ghypay; njhopypy; <LgLtijj;
47 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
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topfhl;lTk; mtu;fshy; Kbatpy;iy.
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juhRfspy;jhd; epWf;fpwJ. cyf mwpTk;>
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Mzhjpf;f> r%f fl;Lg;ghLfspypUe;J
tpLglKbahJ. Mz;fs; kl;Lk;jhd; ngz;
vjpu;g;ghsu;fs; vd;W nfhs;sKbahJ.
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,of;fpd;w ngz;fspd; caph;fs; vt;tpj
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nry;tij nghUl;gLj;jhky; ,Ug;gnjd;gJ
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tpdTfpd;Nwhk;.
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gapw;rp ngwhj ehl;L itj;jpau;fs;;
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Mfpatw;wpy; njhw;W Vw;glf;$ba tifapy;
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,it midj;ijAk;tpl Mgj;jhdit.
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49 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
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td;Kiwapd; kw;WnkhU tbtk; vd;gijAk;
typAWj;jp epidT+l;l Ntz;Lk;.
vt;thwhapDk; ,f;fUf;fiyg;Gfs;
njhlh;ghf NkyjpfkhfTk;
fye;JiuahLtij xU Gwk; itj;Jtpl;L
ngz;fSf;nfjpuhd td;KiwahdJ
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nghUj;jkhf mikAk;.
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gad;gLj;jp Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w ngz;
rpRf; fUf;fiyg;Gfspdhy; ,e;jpah kw;Wk;
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100 ngz; Foe;ijfSf;F 108 Mz;
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tifapy; ,jw;F fhuzfhuzpaha; mikfpd;w
%d;W gpujhd tplaq;fs; cs;sd. mtw;wpy;
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nghUshjhu gyk; ,y;iynad;gNjh
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vt;thwhapDk; rPdhtpy; ,uz;L gps;isfs;
kl;Lk; vd;w tiuaiwapd; fPo; ngz;
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,lk;ngWfpd;wJ. ,J kl;Lky;y ,jw;F
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vt;tifahd Foe;ij vd;gij mwpahj
je;ijkhh;fs; Foe;ij gpwe;jTld; mJ ngz;
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nfhz;L Gjpjhfg; gpwe;j ngz; Foe;ijia
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%o;fbf;fr; nra;J nfhiy nra;fpwhh;fs;.
gpwg;gjw;F Kd;dUk; gpwe;j clNdAk;
ngz;fSf;nfjpuhd td;Kiw ,t;thNw
nraw;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. rPd r%ftpay;
mf;flkpapd; Ma;Tfs; 2020 Mk; Mz;lstpy;
rPd kf;fs; njhif tpfpjkhdJ 30> 40
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gps;isfspd; vz;zpf;ifiatpl kpfTk;
Fiwe;j mstpy; mNj tanjy;iyiar;
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50
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
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ngz;fSf;nfjpuhf ,lk;ngWfpd;w
Fw;wr; nray;fspd; vz;zpf;if nghpJk;
mjpfhpj;jpUg;jhfTk; ‘vf;nfhdkp];l;”
rQ;rpif Rl;bf;fhl;Lfpd;wJ.
,t;thW kf;fs; njhif tpfpjj;jpy;
Mz;fspd; vz;zpf;if mjpfhpg;gjhdJ
Fw;wr; nray;fs; mjpfhpg;gjw;F NeubahfNt
nry;thf;Fr; nrYj;Jtjhf N[h;kdpapd;
nghd; efhpy; mike;Js;s ‘njhopyhsh;
fw;if epWtfk;” Nkw;nfhz;l Ma;tpd; %yk;
ntspf;nfhzug;gl;Ls;sJ. rPdh kw;Wk;
,e;jpah Mfpa ehLfisj; jtpu jpngj; kw;Wk;
nfhhpah Nghd;w ehLfspYk; ngz; rpRf;
nfhiyfs; ,lk;ngWfpd;wd. nfhhpahtpy;
2000 Mk; Mz;L njhlf;fk; 2004 Mk; Mz;L
tiuapyhd fhyg;gFjpapy; ,J 100 ,w;F
124 Mf mike;jpUe;jJ. mjhtJ xt;nthU
tUlKk; 100 ngz; Foe;ijfs; gpwf;Fk;
NghJ 124 Mz; Foe;ijfs; gpwf;fpd;wd.
,jw;F Ke;jpa tUlq;fspy; ghhpa
mstpyhd tpj;jpahrk; fhzg;gltpy;iy.
rhjhuzkhf tpfpjhrhu tPjkhdJ 100
,w;F 104 my;yJ 106 Mff; fhzg;gl;lJ.
,t;thW 124 Mf mjpfhpj;jikahdJ khdpl
jiyaPbd;wp ,aw;ifahf ,lk;ngw;wjhff;
fUjp Gwf;fzpf;ff;$ba xU tplaky;y.
vt;thwhapDk; ngz; rpRf; fUf;fiyg;gpd;
fhuzkhf ngUk;ghyhd Mrpa r%fq;fspNy
ghy;epiyapy; msTrhh; hPjpapy; rkepiyaw;w
jd;ik mjpfhpj;J tUfpd;wnjd;gJ
Vw;Wf;nfhs;s Ntz;banjhU cz;ikahFk;.
jha;thdpYk; 1980 njhlf;fk; 1990
tiuapyhd fhyg;gFjpapy; 100 ,w;F 110
mstpyhd tpfpjj;Jld; $ba ,aw;ifahd
tpj;jpahrk; fhzf;$bajhftpUe;jJ.
jha;thdpy; ghy;epiyiag; ghh;j;J
fUf;fiyg;Gfs; ,lk;ngwhjikapdhYk;>
Mz; gps;isfisNa gpuhh;j;jpf;fpd;w
Nghypahd r%f kNdhghtq;fs;
mr;r%fj;jpy; gpugy;akilahjikapdhYk;
jw;NghJ Nkw;gb mstpy; Fiwtpid md;wp
mjpfhpg;gpidf; fhzKbahJs;sJ.
njd;nfhhpahtpy; ,r;rkepiyaw;w
jd;ikahdJ 1990 Mk; Mz;by;
rhjhuz tpfpjhrhuj;jpypUe;J 117
tiu mjpfhpj;jJ. KiwNa jha;thDk;
njd;nfhhpahTk; Jhpjkhd mgptpUj;jpiaf;
fhl;Lfpd;wJk;> cah;kl;l vOj;jwptpidf;
fhl;Lfpd;wJkhd gzf;fhu ehLfs;
vd;gjhy; ghy;epiy rkj;Jtkpd;ikapd;
,ilntspiaf; Fiwj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;fhd
khw;Wj; jPh;TfSf;Fg; gpuNtrpj;jpUf;Fk;
rhay; fhzf;$bajhfTs;sJ. mjhtJ>
kpifahfTs;s ,isQh; rKjhaj;jpdh;
gpw Mrpa ehLfisr; Nrh;e;j Atjpfis
jpUkzk; nra;Jnfhs;Sk; Nghf;F
jw;NghJ mjpfhpj;Js;sJ. nfhhpa murhq;f
Mz; gps;isfs; rkkw;w jd;ik
100ngz; gps;isfSf;F xU Mz; gps;is
2000 - 05
100 105 110 115 120 125
rPdh
Mh;Nkdpah
`rh;g[hd;
N[hh;[pah
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ngYu];
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irg;gpu];
n`q;nfhq;
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%yk;: [f;fpa ehLfs;
jq;if ,y;iy
100 Mz; gps;isfSf;F> kw;Wk; mjd; xOq;F
jha;thd; (1900)
njd;.nfhpah (1902)
rPdh (2005)
gpwg;gpd; xOq;F
51 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
kjpg;gPl;bd; gpufhuk; 2020 Mk; Mz;lstpy;
tptrha fpuhkpar; r%fj;jpy; rhpghjp Mrpa
fyg;Gj; jpUkzq;fisf; nfhz;bUf;Fk;
vdf; Fwpg;gplyhk;. mjd; gpufhuk;
gpd;dh; cUthFk; guk;giuapy; ‘nfh-
Mrpad;” vDk; Gjpa ,dth;f;fnkhd;W
cUthff;$Lnkd mth;fs; Cfpf;fpd;wdh;.
gpwg;gpd; NghJ Mz; ngz; tpfpjk;
,t;tsT jhd; vd fzf;fpLtJ
,e;jpahtpy; ,lk;ngwhtpl;lhYk; Mz;
gps;isfspd; vz;zpf;ifahdJ ngz;
Foe;ijg; gpwg;Gfistpl tpfpjhrhu
hPjpapy; mjpfkhdJ. ,e;jpahtpd; gy
khepyq;fspy; fhzg;gLfpd;w kfd;khiu
kl;LNk gpuhh;j;jpf;Fk; kNdhghtk;
kw;Wk; ngz; gps;isfSf;F ‘rPjdk;”
nfhLf;Fk; ghuk;ghpa tof;fk; vd;gtw;wpd;
fhuzkhf ngz; rpRf;fSf;fhd fUf;fs;
nghpJk; fiyf;fg;gLfpd;wd. ,e;jpahtpd;
gQ;rhg; kw;Wk; `hpahdh khepyq;fspy;
fhzg;gLfpd;w tpfpjhrhu tpj;jpahrkhdJ
rPdhtpd; njd; kw;Wk; fpof;Fg;
gpuNjrq;fistpl kpfTk; mjpfkhdnjd
mwpe;jhy; xUth; tpag;gilaf;$Lk;.
vt;thwhapDk; 1991 Mk; Mz;by; ,e;j
tpfpjhrhu tpj;jpahrkhdJ xU khtl;lj;jpy;
kl;Lk; fhzg;gl;lhYk; 2001 Mk; Mz;L
,e;j tpfpjhrhu tpj;jpahrkhdJ 100 ,w;F
125 Mf 46 khtl;lq;fspy; fhzg;gl;lJ.
,itfs; ,aw;ifahf Vw;gl;l khw;wq;fs;
my;y khwhf ngz; rpRf;fSf;fhd fUf;fis
fiyj;jjd; %ykhf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l
rkepiyaw;w jd;ikfs; vd;gJ tpthjkpd;wp
Vw;Wf;nfhs;s Ntz;ba cz;ikahFk;.
,q;Nf ,e;J r%fj;jpy; gpugy;akhd
xU $w;W epidTf;F tUfpd;wJ.
mjhtJ ‘xU ngz; gps;isia tsh;j;J
Mshf;Ftnjd;gJ gf;fj;J tPl;L kyh;j;
Njhl;lj;jpw;F ePhpiwg;gjhFk;” vd;W
juf;FiwTf;F cs;shf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.
‘kfd;khh;fis gpuhh;j;jpf;Fk;” ,e;jpa r%f
Kiwapy; ,e;jpa murpdhy; 1999 Mk; Mz;L
Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l Ma;tpy; gpd;tUk; Nfs;tp
Nfl;fg;gl;lJ.
cq;fs; mLj;j Foe;ij ahuhf
,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;
,jd;NghJ 1/3 tPjkhNdhh; fl;lhakhf
jkJ mLj;j gps;is Mz; gps;isahf
,Uf;f Ntz;Lnkdf; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sdh;. 2/3
tPjkhNdhh; ahuhf ,Ue;jhYk; guthapy;iy
vd eLepiyahf gjpyspj;Js;sNjhL> xNu
xU ngz; kl;Lk; jkJ mLj;j gps;is
ngz; gps;isahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lnkdg;
gjpyspj;Js;shh;. ,e;jf; fUj;Jf;
fzpg;ghdJ ,d;Nwy; kf;fs; fUj;Jf;
fzpg;ghdJ ghfp];jhdpYk; N[h;kdpapYk;
Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;lJ. mjpfkhf Mz;
gps;isfs; Njitnad;gNj me;j ehLfspYk;
fpilj;j gjpyhFk;. jha;khh;fspy; 1/10
tPjkhNdhh; kl;LNk ngz; Foe;ijfs;
Njitnadf; Fwpg;gpl;ldh;. ,d;Dk;
rpy tsh;Kf ehLfisr; Nrh;e;j
ngUk;ghyhdth;fs; kfs;khh;fis md;wp
kfd;khh;fisg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sNt
tpUk;Gfpd;wdh;.
,q;Nf Fwpg;gpl Ntz;ba kw;WnkhU
tplak; ahnjdpy;> rPdhitr; Nrh;e;j
kUj;Jtpr;rpkhh; Mz; gps;isg;Ngnwhd;Wf;F
mwtpLk; njhiff;F Nkyjpfkhd njhifia
ngz; gps;isg;NgWf;F mwtpLfpd;wdh;
vd;gjhFk;.
mz;ikf;fhy tuyhw;wpy; mjhtJ
Rkhh; 1980 Mk; Mz;lstpy; mgptpUj;jp
mile;JtUk; rpy ehLfisr; Nrh;e;j
kf;fs; kfd;khiug; gpuhh;j;jpj;jhYk;
fUtpypUg;gJ Mzh ngz;zh vd;gijg;
gpwg;Gf;F Kd;dh; mwpe;J nfhs;Sk;
mstpw;F GhpjiyNah mwptpidNah
my;yJ njhopy;El;g Kd;Ndw;wj;jpidNah
nfhz;bUf;ftpy;iy. ,Ug;gpDk; ,jw;Fg;
gpd;dh; kyh;e;j jrhg;jj;jpy; gpugy;akile;j
tpQ;Qhd hPjpahd fz;Lgpbg;GfSf;F
xUq;fikthf mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gl;l
‘my;l;uh rTd;l;” ];Nfd; kw;Wk; ‘mkpdpNah
nrd;nlrp];” Nghd;w ghpNrhjidfspd;
%yk; rpR fUtiwapy; ,Uf;Fk;; NghNj
mjd; ghy;epiyiaf; fz;lwpaf;$ba
Mw;wy; cUthdjd; tpisthf
kfd;khiug; gpuhh;j;jpf;Fk; r%fq;fspy;
fhzf;$bajhftpUe;j ngz; rpRf;fis
fUf;fiyf;Fk; Nghf;fpy; ghhpa mjpfhpg;G
Vw;gl;lJ. ,e;jpahitr; Nrh;e;j kUj;Jth;fs;
,jidg; ngUkstpy; gzk; <l;bj; jUfpd;w
tUkhd topahf mikj;Jf;nfhs;Sk;
Nehf;fj;Jld; ,jw;F th;j;jf tpsk;guq;fspd;
%yk; ghhpastpy; gpurhuj;jpid
ngw;Wf;nfhLj;jdh;. mj;jifanjhU
tpsk;guk; fPNo jug;gl;Ls;sJ.
,d;W 5>000 &ghit nrYj;Jq;fs;.
ehis 50>000 - &ghit Nrkpj;Jf;
nfhs;Sq;fs;.
ngz; gps;isfSf;fhf toq;f
Ntz;ba rPjdj;jpypUe;J ngw;Nwhiu
tpLtpj;J mth;fSf;F cjtp Ghptjw;fhf
,e;j kUj;Jth;fSf;F vt;tsT kdpj
Neak; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;? ngz; rpRf;
52
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
fUf;fis fiyf;FkhW ntspg;gilahff;
Fwpg;gplhky; mjw;fhf tpLf;Fk; Nkw;gb
miog;G vt;tsT kpNyr;rj;jdkhdJ?
,e;j tpsk;guq;fisg; ghh;j;j tWikahy;
gPbf;fg;gl;l> rPjdg; gpur;rpid fhuzkhf
ngz; gps;isfisr; Rikahff; fUJfpd;w
kw;Wk; kfd;khh;fisNa gpuhh;j;jpf;fpd;w
ngw;Nwhh;fs; kpy;ypad; fzf;fhd ngz;
rpRf; fUf;fis fiyg;gjid njhpT
nra;AksTf;Fr; nfh^ukhdth;fshapdh;.
1998 Mk; Mz;L xU epWtdj;jpy;
kUj;Jt fhuzq;fnsdf; Fwpg;gpl;L
Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l 2000 fUf;fiyg;Gfspy;
1998 fUf;fiyg;Gfs; ngz; rpRf;
fUf;fiyg;GfshFk; vd;gNjhL xU
fUf;fiyg;G kl;Lk; ghuJ}ukhd
mq;ftPd epiyikf;Fs;shd Mz; rpRf;
fUf;fiyg;ghf mike;jpUe;jJ.
1994 Mk; Mz;L ,e;jpahtpYk; 1995
Mk; Mz;L rPdhtpYk; fUf;fiyg;G
jilnra;ag;gl;lJ. ,Ug;gpDk; md;W
njhlf;fk; ,d;W tiu gpwg;gpf;fg;gl;l
jil cj;juTfis nghUl;gLj;jhky;
,e;j ehLfspy; rl;ltpNuhj
fUf;fiyg;Gfs; gy ,lk;ngWfpd;wd.
ngz; rpRf; fUf;fs; ,dq;fhzg;gl;l
gpd;dh; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w
fUf;fiyg;Gfis Nkw;gb r%fq;fspy;
fhzg;gLfpd;w gpd;dilT fhuzkhf
,lk;ngWfpd;wnjd;Nwh my;yJ
Fiwe;j vOj;jwpT fhuzkhf
,lk;ngWfpd;wnjd;Nwh epahag;gLj;j
KbahJ. ,e;jpahtpy; kpfTk; nropg;ghd
gpuNjrq;fshf tpsq;Ffpd;w kfhuh];buh>
gQ;rhg; kw;Wk; F[uhj; Mfpa
khepyq;fspNyAk; kpfTk; ghuJ}ukhd
tifapy; ,lk;ngWfpd;w ngz; rpRf;
fUf;fiyg;Gfs; fhuzkhf ,lk;ngw;Ws;s
rkepiyaw;w tpfpjhrhuq;fisf;
fhzKbfpd;wJ. ,t;tpfpjhrhuj;jpd;
tpj;jpahrkhdJ FLk;g tUkhd epiy
kw;Wk; vOj;jwpT vd;gtw;Wf;fika
Vw;wj;jho;Tf;Fs;shfpd;wJ vd;gij ,J
njhlh;ghf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;s Ma;Tfs;
Rl;bf;fhl;Lfpd;wd.
rPdhtpd; efu;Gw FLk;gq;fisg;
nghUj;j kl;by; xU FLg;gj;jpw;F xU
gps;isia kl;Lk; ngw rl;l hPjpahf
mDkjpaspf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,Ug;gpDk;
kf;fs; njhifapy; Rkhh; 55% cs;s
fpuhkg;Gw gpuNjrq;fspy; xU gps;is vd;w
nfhs;ifapYk; tiffs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd.
mjhtJ jiyg; gps;is ngz; Foe;ijahf
,Uf;Fk; gl;rj;jpy; ,uz;lhtjhf Mz;
Foe;ijnahd;iwg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;fhd
mDkjp mth;fSf;F toq;fg;gLfpd;wJ.
,Ug;gpDk; my;l;uh ];Nfd; Kiwapd;
%yk; ghy;epiy fz;lwpag;gLfpd;w
NghJ fUtpypUg;gJ ngz; Foe;ijnad
mwpag;gLkplj;J mf;fUthdJ fl;lhak;
fiyf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. rPdhtpd; cl;gFjpapy;
mike;Js;s nkhq;Nfhypah Nghd;w
gpuNjrq;fspy; xU gps;is kl;Lk; vd;w
nfhs;if eilKiwapy; ,y;yhjthW
Fiwthf cs;sJ. vt;thwhapDk;
rpWghd;ik ,dj;jth;fSf;F ,uz;L
Foe;ijfSf;F Nky; ngw;nwLf;f
tha;g;Gs;sJ.
rPjdg; gpur;rpidfs; fhuzkhfNth
my;yJ mjpfhpj;J tUfpd;w kf;fs;
njhifapd; gpur;rpid fhuzkhfNth
FLk;gf; fl;Lg;ghL my;yJ kf;fs;
njhif xLf;f epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fspd;
fhuzkhfNth ‘kfd;khh;fisNa
gpuhh;j;jpf;Fk;” NghypahdJk; kuG
uPjpahdJkhd kNdhghtq;fspd;
fhuzkhfNth kiwKfkhf my;yJ
Neubahf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;w ngz;
rpRf; fUf;fiyg;ghdJ ve;j ehl;by;
vt;tifapy; ,lk;ngw;whYk; mJ xU
kdpj chpik kPwyhFk;. mjw;F vjpuhf
nraw;gLtJk; mzpjpus;tJk; ,d;iwa
r%fj;jpd; NjitahFk;. ,Nj Ntis>
Nkw;gb rkepiyaw;w tpfpjhrhuq;fis
Fiwg;gjw;F eltbf;ifnaLg;gJ ghy;epiy
kw;Wk; ngz;fSf;nfjpuhd td;Kiwfisj;
jLg;gjw;fhf nraw;gLgth;fspdJk;
mikg;GfspdJk; epfo;r;rp epuy;fspy;
fl;lhak; ,lk;ngw Ntz;ba Kf;fpakhd
tplakhFk; vd;gijAk; epidT+l;l
tpUg;Gfpd;Nwd;. •
,r;rpWfij rpq;fs nkhopapy; ma(mts;) vDk; rQ;rpifapy;
2012 Kjyhk; miuahz;by; ntspte;jJ.
%yq;fs;:
www.dailymail.co.uk
British Medical Bulletin/ Unsafe abortion: the silent
scourge by David A Grimes
The Economist ( www.economist.com )
G\;gh uk;ydp
53 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
v
kJ ehl;ilg; nghWj;jtiu mz;ikf;
fhykhf ngz;fs; kw;Wk; rpWkpfs;
njhlu;ghd gpur;rpidfs;> td;Kiwfs;
mjpfupj;j tz;zk; cs;sd. mtu;fsJ cly;
rhu;e;j gpur;rpidfNs mjpfkhf cs;sd.
mtw;Ws; xd;whf ngz;fSf;Fj; jhNk jkJ
fu;g;gj;ijj; jPu;khdpf;Fk; cupik njhlu;ghd
thjg; gpujpthjq;fs; vOe;j tz;zKs;sd.
mjhtJ ngz;fs; jkJ Ntz;lhj fu;g;gj;ij
jtpu;j;jy;> vg;NghJ vj;jid gps;isfisg;
ngWtJ njhlu;ghd jPu;;khdnkLj;jiy
Nkw;nfhs;s KbahJ cs;shu;fs;.
me;jtifapy; fUf;fiyg;G gw;wpa tplaKk;
Kf;fpak; ngWfpd;wJ.
fu;g;gpzpg; ngz;zpd; fUg;igapy; ,Ue;J
Kisak; my;yJ Kjpu; fU jhdhfNt
rpijtiljy; fUr;rpijT vdg;gLk;.
fu;g;gpzpg; ngz;zpd; fUg;igapy; ,Ue;J
Kisak; my;yJ Kjpu; fUit NtW
fhuzq;fSf;fhf rpijtilar; nra;jy;
fUf;fiyg;G vdg;gLk;. fUf;fiyg;G
nra;jiy rpy ehLfs; rl;lG+u;tkhf;fpAs;sd.
rpy ehLfs; fUf;fiyg;ig Fw;wtpay;
rl;lkhf;fpAs;sd. rpy ehLfs; jtpu;f;f
Kbahj fhuzq;fSf;fhf kl;Lk;
fUr;rpijit eilKiwg;gLj;Jfpd;wd.
Fwpg;ghfj; jhapd; capUf;F Mgj;J NeUk;
,lj;J> ghypay; ty;YwT fhuzkhf
cz;lhFk; fu;g;gj;jpd; NghJ vd rpy
jtpu;f;f Kbahj fhuzq;fSf;fhf
kl;Lk; fUr;rpijit Nkw;nfhs;s
mDkjp toq;fpAs;sd. vkJ ehl;ilg;
nghWj;jtiuapYk; fUf;fiyg;ghdJ
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md;wp nra;ag;gLk; fUf;fiyg;ghdJ
jz;lizf;Fupa tplakhFk;. ,t;tplaj;jpy;
khw;wk; nfhz;Ltu Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ
njhlu;ghf jw;NghJ gyUk; gy;Ntwhd
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ghypay; ty;Ywtpd;NghJ cUthfpd;w
epu;g;ge;jpf;fg;gl;l fu;g;gj;ijf; fiyg;gjw;Fk;>
taJ Fiwe;j rpWkpfs; ghypay; ty;Ywtpd;
NghJ jupf;fpd;w fu;g;gj;ijf; fiyg;gJ
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,k;Kiw ,jopy; fUr;rpijT vd;gij
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ntspapLfpd;wJ. MfNt ,j;jUzj;jpy;
fUf;fiyg;G my;yJ fUr;rpijT njhlu;ghf
r%fj;jpy; ngz;fs; njhlu;ghd gpur;rpidfs;
rpf;fy;fspy; mf;fiwAld; nraw;gLfpd;w
rpyiuj; njupT nra;J mtu;fsJ fUj;Jfs;
ngwg;gl;Ls;sd. ,tu;fs; midtUk;
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ngz;fSlDk;> eypTw;NwhUlDk;
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Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.
cwT
ty;YwT
ngz;Zf;F gpur;rpid jhd; !
ehY Ngh; nrhy;ypdk;...
54
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
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re;jpuNrfu;
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nghWj;jiuapy;
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ghYzu;thy; xUtu; ce;jg;gl;L ghypay;
cwtpy; <LgLthNuahdhy; mtUf;F
jpUg;jp fpilf;Fk;. Mdhy; ngz;fisg;
nghWj;jtiu mJ ,y;iynad;Nw
nrhy;y Ntz;Lk;. Vnddpy; vkJ
ngz;fisg; nghWj;jtiu mjhtJ
ghjpf;fg;gl;l ngz;fisg; nghWj;jtiu
VjhtJ fhuzj;jpw;fhfNt ngUk;ghYk;
ghypay; cwtpy; <Lgl;Ls;sdu;. tPl;by;
ciog;gpw;fhd trjp ,y;yhj NghJk;>
ciog;gpy; <Lgl;L nghUsPl;bj;
jUtjw;fhd jiyikj;Jtk; ,y;yhj
NghJk; my;yJ ngz;fspw;fhd Ntiy
tha;g;gpd;ik fhuzkhfTk; ,tu;fs;
Fwpg;gpl; Mz;fSld; ghypay; cwtpy;
<Lgl;Ls;sdu;. ,e;j Mz;fs; gw;wpg;
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vd;Nghuhf ,Uf;fpd;wdu;. mtu;fSldhd
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nra;J te;Js;sdu;. mt;thW ,Uf;Fk; NghJ
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fiyg;gjw;F rl;luPjpaw;w Kiwfis
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nghUl;gLj;Jtjpy;iy. fhuzk; vkJ
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KbahJ. mLj;jJ jdpj;j ngz;fs; NtnwhU
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,y;iy. mtu;fis xJf;fp itj;J tpLk;.
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r%fj;jpw;F mQ;rpNa mjid nra;Js;shu;fs;.
,tu;fspy; jpUkzkhfhj ngz;fisf;
fhl;bYk; jpUkzkhfp Vw;fdNt Foe;ij
ngw;w fztid ,oe;j ngz;fNs
mjpfkhFk;. rpyu; jkJ ghypay; Njitf;fhf
ghypay; cwtpy; <Lgl;NlhuhfTk;
cs;shu;fs;. Nghjpa tpopg;Gzu;tpd;ikahy;
fu;g;gj;ijj; jLf;f KbahkYk;> Nghjpa
FLk;gf; fl;Lg;ghl;L Kiwik njupahj
fhuzj;jpdhYk; ngz;fs; rl;l uPjpaw;w
ehl;Lg;Gwf; fUf;fiyg;G Kiwikia
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njhw;W> clypay; uPjpahd Neha;fs; vdg;
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ngz;fs; ,wf;ff; $ba re;ju;g;gq;fSk;
mjpfk; cs;sd.
vkJ ehl;by; fUf;fiyg;gpy; <LgLk;
egu;fspy; Vw;fdNt jpUkzkhd ngz;fs;
jkJ Ntz;lhj fu;g;gj;ijf; fiyf;f ngupJk;
Kidfpd;wdu;. muR fUf;fiyg;gpid
Fw;wkhf mwptpj;jhYk; fUf;fiyg;Gfs;
epfo;e;j tz;zk;jhd; cs;sd. rl;luPjpahf
fUf;fiyg;G ,Uf;FNkahdhy; ngz;fs;
r%fj;jpw;Fg; gag;glj; Njitapy;iy.
Mz;- ngz; ,UtupdJk; ghypay; cwtpy;
,Wjp tpisthd fu;g;gk; ngz;zplNk
nrd;wilfpwJ. ,jdhy; ngz; kPNj
KOikahd jhf;fk; nrd;wilfpd;wJ.
jw;Nghnjy;yhk; ghypay; cwtpy; <LgLk;
ngz;fs; ,Wjpapy; jz;lidiaNa
mDgtpf;fpd;wdu;. jpUg;jp> kfpo;r;rp
vd;gd Mz;fsplk; nrd;wilfpd;wd.
cgNahfg; nghUshf rpy ehl;fs; ngz;fs;
gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;whu;fs;. mjpYk; mtu;fs;
,uz;lhk; epiyapNyNa itf;fg;gLfpd;wdu;.
filrpapy; ngz;fSf;F Vkhw;wKk;
jz;lidANk fpilg;gjhf cs;sJ.
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Vw;gLfpd;w rpf;fy; epiyapy; ,it
mjpfstpy; epfo;fpd;wd. r%f Nritapy;
<LgLfpd;w ehk; rup vJ> gpio vJ
vdr; rpe;jpj;J nraw;glhJ eypTw;Nwhu;
rhu;ghf ,Uj;jNy rupahdJ. Vnddpy;
vkJ r%fk; ,d;dKk; gy tplaq;fspy;
ngz;fis Rakhf ,aq;f tpLtjpy;iy.
vg;NghJk; ngz;fNs ghjpf;fg;gl;Nlhuhf
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nfhs;fpwhu;fs;. ,jw;F vkJ ehl;L
rl;lKk; ngz;fSf;F gy re;ju;g;gq;fspy;
ghjfkhdtw;iwNa $Wfpd;wJ. me;j
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55 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
ngz;fs;> rpWtu;fsJ njhif mjpfupj;J
tUfpd;wJ. mj;NjhL Aj;jj;jpd; gpd;du;
fztid ,oe;j jdpj;j ngz;fsJ
njhifAk; mjpfupj;Js;sJ. ty;YwTf;F
cl;gLj;jg;gl;l ngz;fs; rpWkpfs;
fu;g;gk; jupf;fpd;w NghJ mJ Ntz;lhj
epu;g;ge;jpf;fg;gl;l fu;g;gkhfNt cs;sJ.
,Ug;gpDk; vkJ ehl;bd; rl;lj;jpw;F
mikthf jhq;fNs tpUk;gp Vw;fhj
ty;Ywtpd; NghJ cUthFk; fu;g;gj;ij
Rke;J ngw Ntz;ba fl;lhaj;Js;
ghjpf;fg;gl;l ngz;fs; kPz;Lk;
ghjpg;Gf;F cs;shfpd;whu;fs;. Fwpg;ghf
jw;NghJ rpWtaJg; gps;isfis
ty;YwTf;Fs;shf;Fk; fyhrhuk;
NkNyhq;fp tUfpd;wJ. ,jdhy;
kdjstpYk;> clystpYk; Kjpuhj
rpWkpfs; fu;g;gj;ijr; Rke;J ngw
Ntz;bf; fl;lhag;gLj;jg;gLfpwhu;fs;.
mtu;fSf;F rl;l uPjpahf fUf;fiyg;Gr;
nra;af; $ba rl;lk; vk;kplkpy;yhjJ
ngUk; Jujp\;lnkd;Nw nrhy;y Ntz;Lk;.
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NghJ cUthfpa Foe;ijf;F jhahfpd;whs;.
mjd; gpd;du; mtSf;fhd FLk;g
tho;f;ifiag; ngWtJ mupjhfp tpLfpd;wJ.
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kdpjhgpkhdj;NjhL elhj;Jk; vd;gjw;F
vt;tpj cj;juthjKk; mspf;f KbahJ.
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nghUshjhuk; vd;gd Nfs;tpf;FwpahfptpLk;.
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ngz;fs; XusTf;Fj; jk;ikj; jplg;gLj;jpf;
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taJ te;j Mz;fshy; ty;YwT %yk;
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tlkuhl;rpg; (aho;g;ghzk;) gFjpapy;
rpWkpnahUtu; 42 taJ Mzhy;
fu;gkhfpAs;shu; vd gj;jpupif %yk;
mwpa Kbe;jJ. ,t;thwhd re;ju;g;gj;jpy;
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Njit. ,y;iyNay; mz;ikf; fhykhfj;
jha;khuhy; iftplg;gLfpd;w kw;Wk;
kuzj;jjpw;F cs;shf;Ffpd;w Foe;ijfsJ
tPjk; mjpfupf;fNt tha;g;Gs;sJ. mjw;F
vkJ ehl;bd; nghUshjhu jpz;lhl;lk;
kw;Wk; ngz;fSf;fhd Ntiy tha;g;G
mUfpAs;sik Nghd;wtw;iw rpy
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jhf;fj;Jf;F cl;gLfpd;wdu;. mJkl;Lky;yhJ
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epu;g;ge;jpj;Jg; ngw itf;fpd;w Nghf;F
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rpWkpfsJ fu;g;gKk;> mt;thwhd
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r%fk; rPu;Nflhd xd;whfg; ghu;f;fpd;wJ.
,tw;wpd; tpisTfNs ngz;fisg;
ngupJk; r%f tpNuhj nray;fspy; <Lglj;
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nfhy;Yjy; kw;Wk; iftpLjy; Nghd;wd
,tw;wpd; tpisTfshfNt cs;sJ.
fu;g;gj; jLgG; Kiw gw;wpa tpopg;Gzu;T
vy;NyhUf;Fk; ,Uf;Fk; vd;W nrhy;y
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cUthFk; fu;g;gj;ijf; fiyf;Fk; rl;lj;ij
Vw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;ba #oypy; ehk;
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56
nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
tpUk;gpNdd;. mtu; vd;idj; jpUkzk;
nra;J nfhs;Sthu; vd ek;gpNdd;. mtu;
vd;Dld; xd;whfj; njhopy; ghu;j;jtu;. vdJ
FLk;gj;jtu;fs; midtUf;Fk; njupaNt ehd;
gofpNdd;. vq;fs; tPl;Lf;F te;J Nghthu;.
tPl;by; jq;Fthu;. rhg;gpLthu;. mtuJ
nghUl;fs; vq;fsJ tPl;by; ,Uf;Fk;. mtuJ
jha; tPl;Lf;Fg; Ngha; tUNthk;. ,t;thW
vdf;Fs; xU ek;gfj;jd;ikia cUthf;fp
tpl;ljhy; ehd; mtu; vd;id Vkhw;Wthu;
vd ek;gtpy;iy. neUf;fkhfg; gof Kw;gl;l
NghJ jpUkzk; nra;ag; Nghfpd;wtu;
vd;gjhYk;> vd;dpy; md;G itj;jpUg;gtu;
vd;gjhYk;> ehd; mtiu cz;ikahff;
fhjypg;gjhYk; vdf;F re;Njfk;
tutpy;iy. ,ilapilNa fu;g;gj;jilf;
Fspirfis thq;fp te;J jUthu;. ehd;
mtw;iwg; ghtpj;jpUf;fpNwd;. xt;nthU
ehSk; ghtpf;Fk; FspirAk; nfhz;L
te;J jUthu;. ,ilapilNa ghtpf;fhJ
tpl;Lk; ,Uf;fpNwd;. ,e;j jUzj;jpy;
ehd; fu;gkhfpaij mtUf;F nrhd;dJk;
mtu; mij tpUk;gtpy;iy. fiyf;Fk; gb
nrhd;dhu;. ehd; tpUk;gtpy;iy. jpUkzk;
nra;Ak; gb nrhd;Ndd;. md;iwa jpdk;
jdJ nghUl;fis vy;yhk; vLj;Jf;
nfhz;L Ngha;tpl;lhu;. ehd; tPL Njbr;
nrd;W mOJ Fowpf; Nfl;Lk; vd;idj;
jpUkzk; nra;a kWj;jNjhL fu;g;gj;ijf;
fiyf;fr; nrhd;dhu;. vdJ FLk;gj;jpdUk;
jkf;Ff; Foe;ij gpwe;jhy; mtkhdk;
vdf; fUjp fiyf;fr; nrhd;dhu;fs;. rl;l
uPjpahf fiyf;f Kbahjjhy; rl;luPjpaw;w
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rhg;gplf; nfhLj;jhu;fs;. ehDk; rhg;gpl;Nld;.
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mikg;nghd;wpd; cjtpAld; B.vd;.V kugZ
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jfg;gd; vd cs;sJ.
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mjid vd;dplk; Neubahff; Nfl;fhJ
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vd;l Vsdk; vkJ r%fj;jpy ,Uf;F. vdJ
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tpl;lJ. mtu;fSf;F vd;dhy kupahij
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tpl;lhu;. fu;g;gpzp vd ,uf;fk; fhl;ltpy;iy.
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jUjy; ,d;wpaikahjJ. mNjNghyNt
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nfhs;s Ntz;baJ mtrpakhFk;.•
Ffepjp FfNerd;
57 nrhy; ,uz;lhk; miuahz;L 2012
re;jh tpz;zg;gg; gbtk; 2013
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