jynfaxmifpk qd&k

,
S v
f pforRw jrefrmEdik if aH wmf jrefrmEdik if o
H m;Oya'
¡ 1982 ckESp/f jynfoŒl v$waf wmfOya' trSwf 4 ¢

jynfolŒv$waf wmfonf atmufygOya'udk jyVmef;vdu
k o
f nf//
tcef; (1)
trnfEiS hf t"dym` ,fazmfjycsuf
1?

TOya'udk jrefrmEkdifiHom;Oya'[k ac:wGif;ap&rnf?

2//

TOya'wGiyf g&adS om atmufygpum;&yfrsm;onf azmfjyygtwdik ;f t"dym` ,foufa&mufap&rnf —
(u) Edik if aH wmf qdkonfrSm jynfaxmifpkqdk&S,fvpforRwjrefrmEdkifiHawmfudk qdkonf?
(c) Ekid if o
H m; qdo
k nfrSm jrefrmEkid if o
H m;ukd qdo
k nf?
(*) {nfEh ikd if o
H m; qdo
k nfrSm TOya't& owfrw
S af om {nfEh ikd if o
H m;ukd qdo
k nf?
(C) Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf ol qdo
k nfrSm TOya't& owfrw
S af om Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf olukd qdo
k nf?
(i) Edik if jH cm;om; qdkonfrSm EdkifiHom;r[kwfaomol odk@r[kwf {nfhEdkifiHom;r[kwfaomol odk@r[kwf EdkifiH
om;ðycGifh&olr[kwfaomoludk qdkonf?
(p) Edik if o
H m;vufrSwf qdo
k nfrSm 1948 ckESpf/ jynfaxmifpjk refrmEdik if o
H m;tjzpf (a&G;cs,af &;) tufOya'
t&jzpfap/ 1948 ckESpf/ jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHom;jzpfr_tufOya't&jzpfap/ TOya't&jzpfap xkwf
ay;aom EdkifiHom;vufrSwfudkqdkonf?
(q) {nfEh ikd if o
H m;vufrw
S f qdkonfrSm TOya' t& xkwfay;aom {nfhEdkifiHom;vufrSwfudk qdkonf?
(Z) Edik if o
H m;ðycGiv
hf ufrw
S f qdkonfrSm TOya't& xkwfay;aom EdkifiHom;ðycGifhvufrSwfudk qdkonf?
(ps) A[dt
k zGŒJ qdo
k nfrSm TOya't& zGŒJ pnf;onft
h zGŒJ udk qdo
k nf?
tcef; (2)
Edik if o
H m;jzpfjcif;

3?
Edik if aH wmfwiG yf g0ifaom e,fajrwpfcck Yk jrefrmouU&mZf 1185 ckESpf/ c&pfouU&mZf 1823 ckESpf r wdik rf u
D m
vrSpI yif&if;Edik if t
H jzpf t+rJaexdik cf aJ om ucsi/f u,m;/ u&if/ csif;/ Arm/ rGef/ &cdik /f &Srf; ponfh wdik ;f &ifom;rsm;ESihf
rsKd;EG,fpkrsm;onf jrefrmEdkifiHom;rsm;jzpfonf?
4?

rnfonhf rsKd;EG,fpkonf wdkif;&if;om;jzpfonf rjzpfonfukd Edik if aH wmfaumifpDu qH;k jzwfEikd o
f nf?

5?
wdkif;&if;wdkif;onfvnf;aumif;/ wdkif;&if;om; rdbESpfyg;rS arG;zGm;olwikd ;f vnf;aumif; arG;&myg Edik if o
H m;jzpf
onf///
6?
TOya' tm%mwnfonfhae@wGif EdkifiHom;jzpf+yD;olonf EdkifiHom;jzpfonf// odk@&mwGif yk'fr (18) ygjyVmef;
csufEiS hf +idpGef;v#if ,if;yk'rft& ta&;,ljcif;cH&rnf?
7?

Ekid if aH wmftwGif;Yjzpfap/ Edik if aH wmfjyifyYjzpfap arG;zGm;onfh atmufygow
l @kd onfvnf; Edik if o
H m;jzpfonf —

(u)
(c)
(*)
(C)

EdkifiHom;rdb ESpfyg;rS arG;zGm;olrsm;/
Edik if o
H m;ESihf {nfEh ikd if o
H m; rdbESpyf g;rS arG;zGm;olrsm;/
Edik if o
H m;ESihf Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf ol rdbESpyf g;rS arG;zGm;olrsm;/
{nfEh ikd if o
H m; rdbESpyf g;rS arG;zGm;aom om;orD;ESihf —
(1) Edik if o
H m; od@k r[kwf
(2) {nfhEdkifiHom; odk@r[kwf
(3) Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf ol rdbESpyf g;rS arG;zGm;olrsm;/

{nfhEdkifiHom;

{nfhEdkifiHom;

om; orD;

EdkifiHom;

{nfhEdkifiHom;

EdkifiHom;jyKcGifh&ol

arG;zGm;olrsm;

(i) Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf ol rdbESpyf g;rS arG;zGm;aom om;orD;ESihf —
(1) Edik if o
H m; od@k r[kwf
(2) {nfhEdkifiHom; odk@r[kwf
(3) Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf olrdbESpyf g;rS arG;zGm;olrsm;/
EdkifiHom;ðycGifh&ol
om;orD;

EdkifiHom;ðycGifh&ol
EdkifiHom;

{nfhEdkifiHom;

EdkifiHom;ðycGifh&ol

arG;zGm;olrsm;

(p) {nfEh ikd if o
H m;ESihf Edik if o
H m; ðycGi&hf ol rdbESpyf g;rS arG;zGm;aom om;orD;ESihf —
(1) Edik if o
H m; od@k r[kwf
(2) {nfhEkdifiHom; odk@r[kwf
(3) Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf ol rdbESpyf g;rS arG;zGm;olrsm;/
{nfhEdkifiHom;

om; orD;

EkdifiHom;ðycGifh&ol

Edik if o
H m;
arG;zGm;olrsm;

{nfEh ikd if o
H m;

Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf ol

8?

(u) Edik if aH wmfaumifpDonf Edik if aH wmf. tusK;d iSm rnforl qdk Edik if o
H m; od@k r[kwf {nfEh ikd if o
H m;Edik if o
H m;
okd@r[kwf EdkifiHom;ðycGifh&oltjzpf owfrSwfEdkifonf?
(c) EdkifiHawmfaumifpDonf EdkifiHawmf.tusKd;iSm arG;&mygEdkifiHom;rStyrnfolrqdk EdkifiHom; odk@r[kwf EdkifiH
om;ðycGifh&oltjzpfrS ±kyfodrf;Ekdifonf?

9//
Edik if aH wmftwGif; arG;zGm;aomEdik if o
H m;wpfO;D twGuf touf wpfq,fESpfjynfah e@rSpI wpfEpS t
f wGif; jynfy
xJa&;0ef}uD;Xme.owfrSwfaom tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;Y owfrSwfenf;vrf;ESifhtnD rdb odk@r[kwf tkyfxdef;olu rSwfyHkwif
&rnf//
¹cGi;f csuf ?

? touf wpfq,fESpfjynfo
h nfah e@rSpI wpfEpS t
f wGif; rSwyf rkH wifEikd yf gu rdbod@k r[kwf tkyfxed f;ol
onfh cdik v
f akH om ta=umif;jyI jynfxJa&;0ef}uD;Xme. owfrSwo
f nfh tzGŒJ tpnf;rsm;od@k av#muf
xm;&rnf//

10?
Ekid if aH wmfjyifywGifarG;zGm;aom Edik if o
H m;wpfO;D twGuf xdo
k @kd arG;zGm;a=umif;udk arG;zGm;onfah e@rSpI wpfEpS t
f
wGif; jrefrmEdkifiHoH±Hk; odk@r[kwf aumifppf0ef±Hk; odk@r[kwf jynfxJa&;0ef}uD;Xme. owfrSwfaom tzGJŒtpnf;rsm;Y
owfrSwfonfhenf;vrf;ESifh tnDrdb odk@r[kwf tkyfxdef;olu rSwfyHkwif&rnf?
¹cGi;f csuf ?

? arG;zGm;onfah e@rSpI wpfEpS t
f wGif; rSwyf rkH wifEikd yf gu rdbod@k r[kwf tkyfxed f;olonf cdik v
f akH om
ta=umif;jyI jrefrmEkid if o
H ±H ;kH od@k r[kwf aumifppf0ef±;kH od@k r[kwf jynfxJa&;0ef}uD;Xme. owfrw
S f
onfh tzGŒJ tpnf;rsm;rSwqifh A[kt
d zGŒJ odk av#mufxm;&rnf?

11?

(u) yk'fr (9)/ yk'fr (10) ygtwdkif; vdkufem&efysufuGufv#if rdb od@k r[kwf tkyfxdef;olonf jrefrmEdik if o
H ±H ;kH
odk@r[kwf aumifppf0ef±Hk; odk@r[kwf jynfxJa&;0ef}uD;Xme. owfrw
S af omtzGŒJ tpnf;od@k wpfEpS v
f #if
usyfig;q,fuspD '%faiGuakd y;aqmifap&rnf?
(c) yk'fr (9)/ yk'fr (10) ygtwdkif;vkdufem&ef ig;ESpfqufwdkuf ysufuGufv#if rdb odk@r[kwf tkyfxdef;olonf
'%faiGusyfwpfaxmifudk ay;aqmifap&rnf?

12//

Ekid if o
H m;wpfO;D onf —
(u) Ekid if aH wmf. Oya'rsm;udk ±dak ovdu
k fem&rnf?
(c) Edik if aH wmf. Oya'yg wm0efrsm;udk xrf;aqmif&rnf?
(*) Edik if aH wmf. Oya'yg tcGit
hf a&;rsm;udk cHpm;cGi&hf o
dS nf?

13?

Edik if o
H m;wpfO;D onf tjcm;Edik if .
H Edik if o
H m;tjzpfuydk g cH,lcGirhf &Sad p&?

14?

Edik if o
H m;wpfO;D onf Edik if aH wmfyg0ifaeaom ppfrufumvtwGif; EdkifiHom;tjzpfudk pGef@v$wfcGifhr&Sdap&?

15//

(u) Edik if o
H m;wpfO;D onf Edik if jH cm;om;ESifh tdrfaxmifjyKumr#jzifh Edik if o
H m;tjzpf tvdt
k avsmuf rqH;k &_;H ap&/
(c) Edik if jH cm;om;wpfO;D onf Edik if o
H m;ESit
hf rd af xmifðyumr#jzifh Edik if o
H m;tjzpf tvdt
k avsmufr&&Sad p&?

16?
EkdifiHom;wpfOD;onf EdkifiHawmfrS t+yD;tydkifxGufcGmv#ifjzpfap/ tjcm;EdkifiH. EdkifiHom;tjzpfudkcH,lv#if odk@r
[kwf rSwfyHkwifv#ifjzpfap/ tjcm;EdkifiH. EdkifiHul;vufrSwf odk@r[kwf tvm;wlvufrSwfudkxw
k ,
f v
l #ijf zpfap Ekid if o
H m;
tjzpfrS &yfpJonf?
17?
arG;&mygEikd if o
H m;wpfO;D udk yk'fr (16) yg jyVmef;csuEf Sifh+idpGef;ojzifh EdkifiHom;tjzpfrS&yfpJonfhudpPrSwyg; tjcm;
rnfonfh tajctaewGifr# EdkifiHom;tjzpfrS ±kyfodrf;jcif;r&Sdap&?

18?
EdkifiHom;wpfOD;onf r[kwfrSefazmfjyjcif; odk@r[kwf zHk;uG,fjcif;jzifh Edik if o
H m;tjzpfu&kd &Syd gu Edik if o
H m;tjzpfrS
±kyfodrf;jcif;cH&rnft
h jyif axmif'%fwpfq,fESpfESifh aiG'%fusyf ig;aomif;udv
k nf;aumif; uscHap&rnf?
19?
Edik if o
H m;wpfO;D onf rormaomenf;vrf;jzifh Edik if o
H m;vufrw
S f od@k r[kwf {nhEf ikd if o
H m;vufrw
S f od@k r[kwf
EdkifiHom;ðycGifhvufrSwfudk olwpfOD;&&Sdap&ef tm;ay;ulnDv#if axmif'%fckepfESpfESifh aiG'%fusyfwpfaomif;udk uscHap
&rnf?
20?

(u) EdkifiHom;tjzpfrS&yfpJcH&ol odk@r[kwf ±kyfodrf;cH&ol.Edik if o
H m;vufrw
S u
f ykd ,fzsuf&rnf? xkdodk@ y,fzsuf
xm;aomvufrw
S u
f kd udik af qmifolonf jynfxHa&;0ef}uD;Xme. owfrw
S o
f nfeh nf;vrf;ESit
hf nD jyef
vnftyfE&HS rnf?
(c) y,fzsufxm;aom EdkifiHom;vufrSwfudk jyefvnftyfESH&ef ysufuGufv#ifjzpfap/ q,fvuftoHk;ðyv#if
jzpfap/ olwpfODd;tm; rormaomenf;vrf;jzifh v$Jajymif;ay;tyfv#ifjzpfap axmif'%fwpfq,fESpfESifh
aiG'%fusyfESpfaomif;udk uscHap&rnf?
(i) rnforl qdk y,fzsux
f m;aom Edik if o
H m;vufrw
S u
f jkd zpfap/ aoqH;k olEikd if o
H m;.vufrSwfujdk zpfap udik f
aqmiftoHk;ðyv#if axmif'%fwpfq,fESpfESifh aiG'%fusyfESpfaomif;udk uscHap&rnf?

21?
rnfolrqdk EdkifiHom;vufrSwf twkðyvkyfv#ifjzpfap/ xkdok@dðyvkyf&ef tm;ay;ulnDv#ifjzpfap axmif'%f wpf
q,fhig;ESpfESifh aiG'%f usyfig;aomif;udk uscHap&rnf?
22?
EdkifiHom;tjzpfrS &yfpJcH&ol odk@r[kwf ±kyfodrf;cH&olonf EdkifiHom;tjzpfudkaomfvnf;aumif;/ {nfhEdkifiHom;
tjzpfuakd omfvnf;aumif;/ Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf oltjzpfuv
dk nf;aumif; jyefvnfav#mufxm;cGirhf &Sad p&?
tcef; (3)
{nfEh ikd if o
H m;jzpfjcif;
23?
1948 ckESpf/ jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHom;jzpfrS tufOya't& EdkifiHom;jzpf&ef av#mufxm;olrsm;onf owf
rSwfcsufrsm;ESifh t&nftcsif;rsm; udkufnDygu {nfhEdkifiHom;tjzpf A[dktzGJŒu owfrSwfEdkifonf?
24//
{nfEh ikd if o
H m;tjzpf A[kt
d zG@J u owfrw
S o
f o
l nf jynfxJa&;0ef}uD;Xme. owfrw
S o
f nfh tzGŒJ tpnf;a&SŒod@k
udk,fwdkifvma&muf+yD; EdkifiHawmf.opPmudkcH,la=umif;/ EdkifiHawmf.Oya'rsm;udk ±dkaovdkufemrnfjzpfa=umif;/ owf
rSwfxm;aomwm0efESifh tcGifhta&;rsm;udk od&Sda=umif; pmjzifah &;om;I uwdopPmðy&rnf?
25?
{nfEh ikd if o
H m;vufrw
S w
f iG f av#mufv$mYazmfjyxm;aom om;orD;.trnfukd A[kt
d zGŒJ uxnfo
h Gif;Edik o
f nf?
trnfxnfhoGif;ay;jcif;cH&aom om;orD;onf {nfhEdkifiHom;jzpfonf?
26?
yk'fr (25) t& trnfxnfoiG ;f ay;jcif;cH&aom om;orD;onf toufwpfq,f&h pS Ef pS jf ynf+h yD;oljzpfygu
rdbESit
hf wl yk'fr (24) atmufygtwdik ;f uwdopPmðy&rnf?
27?

(u) yk'fr (25) t& trnfxnfhoGif;ay;jcif;cH&aom om;orD;onf toufwpfq,fh&SpfESpfrjynfhao;ygu
toufjynfo
h nfah e@rSpI wpfEpS t
f wGif; jynfxJa&;0ef}uD;Xme. owfrw
S af omtzG@J tpnf;a&SŒod@k ud,
k f
wdkifvma&muf+yD; yk'fr (24) ygtwdkif; uwdopPm ðy&rnf?
(c) yk'frcGJ (u) ygtwdkif; vdkufem&efysufuGufolonff jynfxJa&;0ef}uD;Xme. owfrSwfonfhtzGJ@tpnf;odk@
wpfESpfv#if usyfig;q,fuspD '%faiGudk ay;aqmifap&rnf?

28?
wESpt
f wGif; uwdopPmrðyEdik yf gu cdik v
f akH omta=umif;jyI jynfxJa&;0ef}uD;Xme. owfrw
S o
f nft
h zGŒJ t
pnf;rsm;rSwqifh A[kdtzGJŒodkav#mufxm;&rnf// cdkifvHkaomta=umif;r&SdyJ toufESpfq,fhESpfESpf jynfhonfhae@rS ausmf
vGefv#if {nfEh ikd fiHom;tjzpf qH;k ±_;H onf?
29?

(u) {nfEh ikd if o
H m;rdbESpyf g;vH;k onf {nfEh ikd if o
H m;tjzpfudk qHk;±_H;v#if xkdol. {nfhEkdifiHom;vufrSwfwGif yg0if
aom toufwpfq,f&fh SpfESpfrjynfah o;onfo
h m;orD;ESihf toufwpfq,f&h pS Ef pS rf jynf+h yD; uwdopPmrðy
&ao;aom om;orD;onf {nfEh ikd if o
H m;tjzpfrS &yfpo
J nf?
(c) {nfhEdkifiHom;ESifh EdkifiHjcm;om;rdbESpfyg;teuf {nfhEdkifiHom; trd odk@r[kwf tzonf {nfhEdkifiHom;tjzpf
udk qHk;±_H;v#if xdkolukdifaqmifaomvufrSwfwGif yg0ifonffh toufwpfq,f&h pS Ef pS rf jynfah o;aom om;
orD;ESihf toufwpfq,f&h pS Ef pS jf ynf+h yD; uwdopPmrðy&ao;aom om;orD;onf {nfEh ikd if o
H m;tjzpfr&S yf
pJonf//

30?

{nfEh ikd if o
H m;wpfO;D onf —
(u) Edik if aH wmf. Oya'rsm;udk ±dak ovdu
k fem&rnf?
(c) Edik if aH wmf. Oya'ygwm0efrsm;udk xrf;aqmif&rnf?
(*) Edik if aH wmfaumifpDu tcgtm;avsmpf mG owfrw
S af omtcGit
hf a&;rsm;rSty Edik if aH wmf.Oya'yg Edik if H
om;tcGit
hf a&;rsm;udk cHpm;cGi&hf o
dS nf?

31?

{nfEh ikd if o
H m;wpfO;D onf tjcm;Edik if .
H Edik if o
H m;tjzpfuykd g cH,lcGirhf &Sad p&//

32?

{nfEh ikd if o
H m;wpfO;D onf Edik if aH wmfyg0ifaeaomppfrwfumvtwGif; {nfhEdkifiHom;tjzpfudkpGef@v$wfcGifhr&Sdap&?

33?

{nfEh ikd if o
H m;wpfO;D onf Edik if o
H m;ESifh tdrfaxmifðyumr#jzifh Edik if o
H m;tjzpf tvdt
k avsmuf r&&Sad p&?

34?
{nfhEdkifiHom;wpfOD;onf EdkifiHawmfrS t+yD;tydkifxGufcGmv#ifjzpfap/ tjcm;EdkifiH. EkdifiHom;tjzpfudkcH,lv#if
od@k r[kwf rSwfyw
kH ifv#ifjzpfap/ tjcm;Edik if .
H Edik if u
H ;l vufrSwf odk@r[kwf tvm;wl vufrSwfudkxkwf,lv#ifjzpfap {nfh
Ekid if o
H m;tjzpfrS &yfpo
J nf?
35?
{nfEh ikd if o
H m;wpfO;D onf atmufygjyVmef;csufwpf&yf&yfESihf +idpeG ;f v#if {nfEh idk if o
H m;tjzpfrS A[kt
d zG@J u ±kyf
odrf;Edkifonf —
(u) Edik if aH wmfyg0ifaeaom ppfrwfumvtwGif; &efolEikd if rH sm;ESijhf zpfap/ &efolEikd if u
H t
kd axmuftulðyonfh
Edik if rH sm;ESijhf zpfap/ xdEk ikd if rH sm;.Edik if o
H m;rsm;/ tzG@J tpnf;rsm;ESijhf zpfapukefoG,fjcif; od@k r[kwf qufo,
G f
jcif; od@k r[kwf xko
d @dk ðyvkyfjcif;w&yf&yfukd tm;ay;ulnDjcif;?
(c) Edik if aH wmfukd qef@usifaeonfh tzG@J tpnf;ESijhf zpfap/ xkt
d zG@J tpnf;.tzG@J 0ifEiS jhf zpfap ukefoG,fjcif; od@k r
[kwf qufoG,fjcif; odk@r[kwf xdkokd@ðyvkyfjcif;w&yf&yfudk tm;ay;ulnDjcif;?
(*) Ekid if aH wmf.tcsKyftjcmtm%mESihf Edik if aH wmf.vHòk cHa&;udjk zpfap/ trsm;jynfow
l @kd . at;csr;f om,m
a&;udjk zpfap xdyg;aprnfh tE &W m,fwpfckckukd ðyvkyfaeonf/ ðyvkyfawmhrnf[k ,H=k unfavmufaom
ta=umif;&Sjd cif;?
(C) Edik if aH wmfukd t=unf!rkd ahJ =umif; od@k r[kwf opPmrJah =umif;udk ud,
k t
f r_t&mjzifjh zpfap/ E_wftr_t&m
jzifhjzpfap/ tjcm;enf;jzifhjzpfap jyojcif;?
(i) Edik if aH wmf.v#KdŒ0Suu
f pd w
P pf&yf&yfukd olwpfO;D udjk zpfap/ tzG@J tpnf;wpfcck u
k jkd zpfap/ tjcm;Ekid if w
H pfEikd if H
udjk zpfap/ tjcm;Edik if rH sm;udjk zpfap owif;ay;jcif;/ xko
d @kd ðyvkyfjcif;udk tm;ay;ulnDjcif;?
(p) tusiphf m&dwWysufjym;jcif;ESiphf yfvsO;f onfh jypfr_wpfcck u
k kd usL;vGefaoma=umifh tenf;qH;k axmif'%f
wpfEpS f od@k r[kwf tenf;qH;k aiG'%fusyfwpfaxmif tjypfay;cH&jcif;?

36//
{nfEh ikd if o
H m;wpfO;D onf r[kwrf rSef azmfjyjcif; od@k r[kwf zH;k uG,fjcif;jzifh {nfEh ikd if o
H m;tjzpfukd &&Syd gu {nfh
EkdifiHom;tjzpfrS ±kyfodrf;jcif;cH&rnfhtjyif axmif'%f wpfq,fESpfESifh aiG'%fusyf ig;aomif;udkvnf; uscHap&rnf?
37?
{nfEh ikd if o
H m;wpfO;D onf rormaomenf;vrf;jzifh Edik if o
H m;vufrw
S f od@k r[kwf {nfEh ikd if o
H m;vufrw
S f od@k r
[kwf Edik if o
H m;vufrw
S f od@k r[kwf Edik if o
H m;ðycGiv
hf ufrSwu
f dk olwpfOD;&&Sd&ef tm;ay;ulnDv#if {nfhEdkifiHom;tjzpfrS
±kyfodrf;jcif;cH&rnft
h jyif axmif'%f ckepfEpS Ef iS hf aiGusyw
f pfaomif;udv
k nf; uscHap&rnf?
38// {nfEh ikd if o
H m;wpfO;D onf yk'fr (36)/ yk'fr (37) t& olwpfO;D usL;vGefaomtr_udpPukd ud,
k w
f ikd o
f &d v
dS #ifjzpfap/
udk,fwkdifyg0ifulnDaqmif&GufcJhv#ifjzpfap TOya'tm%mwnfonfah e@rpS I wpfEpS t
f wGif; od@k r[kwf usL;vGefco
hJ nfh
ae@rSpI wpfESpftwGif; jynfxJa&;0ef}uD;Xme. owfrSwfxm;aomtzGJŒtpnf;rsm;Y azmfxkwf0efcHygu TOya'udpP
ESiphf yfvsOf;aom jypfr_jypf'%frS vGwf+idr;f cGi&hf &Sad p&rnf?
39//

(u) {nfEh ikd if o
H m;tjzpfrS &yfpJcH&ol od@k r[kwf ±kyfodrf;cH&ol. {nfhEdkfifiHom;vufrSwfudky,fzsuf&rnf? xdkokd@
y,fzsux
f m;aomvufrSwfukd ukid af qmifolonfh jynfxJa&;0ef}uD;Xme. owfrw
S o
f nfeh nf;vrf;ESihf
tnD jyefvnftyfESH&rnf?
(c) y,fzsux
f m;aom {nfEh ikd if o
H m;vufrw
S u
f kd jyefvnftyfE&HS ef ysufuGufv#ifjzpfap/ qufvuftoH;k ðy
v#ifjzpfap/ olwpfOD;tm; rormaomenf;vrf;jzifh v$Jajymif;ay;tyfv#ifjzpfap axmif'%f wpfq,fESpf
ESihf aiG'%fusyfESpfaomif;udk uscHap&rnf?
(*) rnfolrqdk y,fzsufxm;aom {nfhEdkifiHom;vufrSwfujkd zpfap/ aoqH;k ol {nfEh ikd if o
H m;.vufrSwfujkd zpf
ap udik af qmiftoH;k ðyv#if axmif'%fwpfq,fESpfESifh aiG'%fusyfESpfaomif;udk uscHap&rnf?

40?
rnforl qdk {nfEh ikd if o
H m;vufrw
S t
f wkðyvkyfv#ifjzpfap/ xkdokd@ðyvkyf&ef tm;ay;ulnDv#ifjzpfap axmif'%fw
q,fhig;ESpfESifh aiG'%f usyfig;aomif;udk uscHap&rnf?
41?
{nfhEdkifiHom;tjzpfrS &yfpJcH&ol odk@r[kwf ±kyfodrf;cH&olonf {nfEh ikd if o
H m;tjzpfuakd omfvnf;aumif;/ Edik if H
om;ðycGifh&oltjzpfudkaomfvnf;aumif; jyefvnfav#mufxm;cGifhr&Sdap&?
tcef; (4)
Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf oljzpfjcif;
42?
1948 ckESpf/ Zefe0g&Dv (4) &ufae@rwdik rf u
D mvwGif Edik if aH wmftwGif;Y a&muf&adS exdik o
f El iS hf xko
d w
l @dk rS Edik if H
awmftwGif;arG;zGm;onfh om;orD;onf 1948 ckESpf/ jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHom;jzpfr_ tufOya't& av#mufxm;&ef
usef&Sdaea=umif; cdkifvHkaomtaxmuftxm;rsm;jzifh A[kdtzGJŒodk@ EdkifiHom;ðycGifh&&ef av#mufxm;Edkifonf?
43?
TOya'tm%mwnfonfah e@rpS I Edik if aH wmftwGif;Yjzpfap/ Edik if aH wmfjyifyYjzpfap arG;zGm;onfh atmufygol
wd@k onfvnf; Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf &ef av#mufxm;Edik o
f nf æ
(u) Edik if o
H m;ESihf Edik if jH cm;om; rdbESpyf g;rS arG;zGm;olrsm;/
(c) {nfhEdkifiHom;ESifh EdkifiHom;ðycGifh&ol rdbESpfyg;arG;zGm;olrsm;/
(*) {nfEh ikd if o
H m;ESifh Edik if jH cm;om;rdbESpyf g;rS arG;zGm;olrsm;/
(C) Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf ol rdbESpyf g;rS arG;zGm;olrsm;/
(i) Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf olESihf Edik if jH cm;om;rdbESpyf g;rS arG;zGm;olrsm;/
44?

Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf &ef av#mufxm;olonf atmufygt&nftcsif;ESihf jynfph &kH rnf —
(u) yk'fr (42) odk@r[kwf yk'fr (43) yg jyVmef;csufESifh udkufnDoljzpfjcif;/

(c)
(*)
(C)
(i)

toufwpfq,fh&SpfESpf jynfh+yD;oljzpfjcif;/
wdkif;&if;om; bmompum; wpfrsKd;rsKd;udk aumif;rGefpGmajymwufjcif;/
tusifhpm&dwWaumif;rGefjcif;/
±_;oGyfolr[kwfjcif;/

45?
EdkifiHom; odk@r[kwf {nfhEdkifiHom; odk@r[kwf EdkifiHom;ðycGifh&olESifh tdrfaxmifuscJhaom TOya'tm%mwnf
onfah e@rwdik rf u
D Edik if jH cm;om;rSwfyw
Hk ifvufrw
S u
f ikd af qmifolonf Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&fh &ef av#mufxm;v#if atmufygt
&nftcsif;ESihf jynfph &kH rnf —
(u) touf wpfq,fh&SpfESpf jynfh+yD;oljzpfjcif;/
(c) tusifhpm&dwWaumif;rGefjcif;/
(*) ±_;oGyfolr[kwfjcif;/
(C) wpfvifwpfr,m;jzpfjcif;/
(i) w&m;0ifZeD; odk@r[kwf w&m;0ifcifyGef;tjzpf Edkiif aH wmftwGif; tenf;qH;k oH;k ESpftqufrjywf aexdik f
cJhjcif;?
46?

(u) Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf oltjzpf A[kt
d zGŒJ u owfrw
S folonf jynfxJa&;0ef}uD;Xme. owfrSwfonfh tzGJŒ
tpnf;a&SŒodk@ udk,fwkdifvma&muf+yD; EdkifiHawmf.opPmudkcH,la=umif;/ EdkifiHawmf.Oya'rsm;udk ±dkao
vdu
k ef mrnfjzpfa=umif;/ owfrw
S x
f m;aom wm0efESihf tcGit
hf a&;rsm;udk od&aSd =umif; pmjzifah &;om;I
uwdopPmðyrnf?
(c) Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf oltjzpf A[kt
d zG@J u owfrw
S af om Edik if jH cm;om;rSwfyw
Hk ifvufrw
S u
f ikd af qmifolonf
jynfxJ0ef}uD;Xme. owfrSwfonfhtzG@Jtpnf;a&SŒodk@ udk,fwkdifvma&muf+yD; EdkifiHjcm;om;tjzpfudk pGef@
v$wfa=umif;/ EkdifiHawmf.opPmukdcH,la=umif;/ EdkifiHawmf.Oya'rsm;ukd ±dkaovkdufemrnfjzpfa=umif;/
owfrw
S x
f m;aomwm0efESihf tcGit
hf a&;rsm;udo
k d&adS =umif; pmjzifah &;om;I uwdopPmðy&rnf?

47?
Edik if o
H m;ðycGiv
hf ufrSwfwGif av#mufv$mYazmfjyxm;aom om;orD;.trnfukd A[kt
d zG@J uxnfo
h Gif;Edik o
f nf?
trnfxnfo
h iG ;f ay;jcif;cH&aom om;orD;onf Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf oljzpfonf?
48?
yk'fr (47) t& trnfxnfah y;oGif;ay;jcif;cH&aomom;orD;onf touf wpfq,f&h pS Ef pS jf ynf+h yD;ol jzpfygu
rdbESifhtwl yk'fr (46) yk'frcGJ (u) ygtwdkif; uwdopPmðy&rnf?
49?

(u) yk'fr (47) t& trnfxnfoGif;ay;jcif;cH&aom om;orD;onf toufwpfq,fh&SpfESpf rjynfhao; ygu
toufjynfhonfhae@rSpI wpfESpftwGif; jynfxJa&;0ef}uD;Xme. owfrw
S o
f nfh tzGŒJ tpnf;a&SŒod@k
udk,fwkdif vma&muf+yD; yk'fr (46) yk'frcGJ (u) ygtwdkif; uwdopPmðy&rnf?
(c) yk'frcGJ (u) ygtwdkif; vdkufem&efysufuGufolonf jynfxJa&;0ef}uD;Xme. owfrSwfonfhtzGJ@tpnf;okd@
wpfESpfv#if usyfig;q,fuspD '%faiGudk ay;aqmifap&rnf?

50?
wpfEpS t
f wGif; uwdopPmrðyEdik yf gu cdik v
f akH omta=umif;jyI jynfxJa&;0ef}uD;Xme. owfrw
S o
f nfh tzG@J t
pnf;rsm;rSwqifh A[kdtzGJŒodk@av#mufxm;&rnf? cdkifvHkaomta=umif;r&SdyJ toufESpfq,fhESpfESpf jynfhonfhae@rSausmf
vGefv#if EdkifiHom;ðycGifh&ol tjzpfqHk;&H_;onf?
51?

(u) Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf olrdbESpyf g;vH;k onf Edik if o
H m;ðycGifh&oltjzpfudkqHk;±H_;v#if xkdol. EdkifiHom;ðycGifhvufrSwf
wGifyg0ifaom toufwpfq,fh&SpfESpf rjynfhao;onfh om;orD;ESifhtouf wpfq,fh&SpfESpfjynfh+yD; uwd
opPmrðy&ao;aom om;orD;onf Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf oltjzpfr&S yfpJonf?
(c) Edik if o
H m;ESihf Edik if jH cm;om;rdbESpyf g;teuf Edik fiHom;trd odk@r[kwf tzonf EdkifiHom;tjzpfudk qHk;±H_;
v#if xkdoludkifaqmifaomvufrSwfwGifyg0ifonfh toufwpfq,f&h pS Ef pS f rjynhaf o;aom om;orD;ESihf

touf wpfq,f&h pS Ef pS jf ynf+h yD; uwdopPmrðy&ao;aom om;orD;onf Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&fh oltjzpfr&S yfpJ
onf?
(*) {nfhEdkifiHom;ESifh EdkifiHjcm;om; rdbESpfyg;teuf {nfhEdkifiHom; trd odk@r[kwf tzonf {nfhEdkifiHom;t
jzpfudk qHk;±H_;v#if xkdoludkifaqmifaomvufrSwfwGifyg0ifonfh toufwpfq,fh&SpfESpf rjynfhao;aom
om;orD;ESihf touf wpfq,f&h pS Ef pS jf ynf+yD; uwdopPmrðyao;aom om;orD;onf Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&fh ol
tjzpfrS&yfpJonf?
(C) Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf olESihf Ekid if jH cm;aom rdbESpyf g;teuf Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&fh ol trd od@k r[kwf tzonf Edik if H
om;ðycGifh&oltjzpfudk qHk;±H_;v#if xkdoludkifaqmifaomvufrSwfwGif yg0ifonfh toufwpfq,fh&SpfESpf
rjynfah o;aom om;orD;ESihf toufwpfq,f&h pS Ef pS jf ynf+h yD; uwdopPmrðy&ao;aom om;orD;onf
Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf oltjzpfrS &yfpJonf?
52?
EdkifiHom; odk@r[kwf {nfhEkdifiHom; odk@r[kwf EdkifiHom;ðycGifh&olESifh tdrfaxmifuscJhaom TOya'tm%m
wnfonfhae@rwdkifrDu EdkifiHjcm;om;rSwfyHkwifvufrSwfudkifaqmifolonf EdkifiHom;ðycGifh&&efav#mufxm;+yD; EdkifiHom;
ðycGirhf &rD ,if;. ZeD; ok@d r[kwf cifyGef;aoqH;k v#ijf zpfap/ uGm&Si;f v#ifjzpfap xko
d .
l Edik if o
H m;ðycGihf av#mufxm;jcif;
onf ysufjy,fonf?
53//

Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf olwpfO;D onf —
(u) Ekid if aH wmf. Oya'rsm;udk &dak ovku
d fem&rnf?
(c) Ekid if aH wmf. Oya'yg wm0efrsm;udk xrf;aqmif&rnf?
(*) Edik if aH wmfaumifpDu tcgtm;avsmpf mG owfrw
S af om tcGit
hf a&;rsm;rSty Edik if aH wmf. Oya'yg Edik if H
om;tcGit
hf a&;rsm;udk cHpm;cGi&hf o
dS nf?

54?

Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf olwpfO;D onf tjcm;Ekid if .
H Edik if o
H m;tjzpfuykd g cH,lcGirhf &Sad p&?

55?
Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf olwpfO;D onf Edik if aH wmfyg0ifaeaom ppfrufumvtwGif; Ekid if o
H m;ðycGi&hf oltjzpfukd pGef@vw
$ f
cGirhf &Sad p&?
56?
Ekid if o
H m;ðycGi&hf olwpfO;D onf Ekifd if o
H m; od@k r[kwf {nfhEifkd if o
H m;ESihf tdrfaxmifðyumr#jzifh Edik if o
H m; od@k r[kwf
{nfEh ikd if o
H m;tjzpf tvdt
k avsmuf r&Sad p&?
57?
EdkifiHom;ðycGifh&olwpfOD;onf EkdfifiHawmfrS t+yD;tydkifxGufcGmv#ifjzpfap/ tjcm;EkdifiH. EkdifiHom;tjzpfudkcH,l
v#if odk@r[kwf rSwfyHkwifv#ifjzpfap/ tjcm;EdkifiH. EdkifiHul;vufrSwf odk@r[kwf tvm;wlvufrSwfudk xkwf,lv#ifjzpfap
Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&fh oltjzpfrS &yfpJonf?
58?
Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf olwpfO;D onf atmufygjyVmef;csufwpf&yf&yfEiS hf +idpeG ;f v#if Ekid if o
H m;ðycGi&fh oltjzpfrS A[kt
d zGŒJ
u ±kyfodrf;Edkifonf —
(u) Edik if aH wmfyg0ifaeaom ppfrufumvtwGif; &efolEikd if rH sm;ESijhf zpfap/ &efolEikd if u
H t
kd axmuftulðyonfh
EdkifiHrsm;ESifhjzpfap/ xdkEdkifiHrsm;. EdkifiHom;rsm;/ tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;ESifhjzpfap ukefoG,fjcif;odk@r[kwf quf
oG,fjcif; od@k r[kwf xdo
k @kd ðyvkyfjcif;wpf&yf&yfukd tm;ay;ulnjD cif;?
(c) Edik if aH wmfukd qef@usifaeonfh tzG@J tpnf;ESijhf zpfap/ xdt
k zG@J tpnf;/ tzG@J 0ifEiS jhf zpfap ukefoG,fjcif;/ od@k r
[kwf qufoG,fjcif; odk@r[kwf xkdokd@ðyvkyfjcif; wpf&yf&yfudk tm;ay;ulnDjcif;?
(*) Edik if aH wmf. tcsKyftcsmtm%mESihf Edik if aH wmf.vHòk cHa&;udjk zpfap/ trsm;jynfow
l @dk . at;csr;f om,m
a&;udjk zpfap xdyg;aprnft
h E W&m,fwpfcck u
k kd ðyvkyfaeonf? ðyvkyfawmhrnf[k ,H=k unfavmufaom
ta=umif;&Sjd cif;?

(C) EkdifiHawmfukd t=unf!dkrJha=umif; odk@r[kwf opPmrJha=umif;udk udk,ftr_t&m jzifhjzpfap/ E_wftr_t&m
jzifhjzpfap/ tjcm;enf;jzifhjzpfap jyojcif;?
(i) Edik if aH wmf. v#KdŒ0Suu
f pd w
P pf&yf&yfukd olwpfO;D udjk zpfap/ tzGŒJ tpnf;wpfckckujkd zpfap/ tjcm;Edik if w
H pfEikd if H
udjk zpfap/ tjcm;Edik if rH sm;udjk zpfap owif;ay;jcif;/ xko
d @kd ðyvkyjf cif;udk tm;ay;ulnDjcif;?
(p) tusiphf m&dwWysufjym;jcif;ESiphf yfvsO;f onfh jypfr_wpfcck u
k u
kd sL;vGefaoma=umifh tenf;qH;k axmif'%f
wpfEpS f od@k r[kwf tenf;qH;k aiG'%fusyf wpfaxmif tjypfay;cH&jcif;?
59?
Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf olwpfO;D onf r[kwrf rSefazmfjyjcif; ok@d r[kwf zHk;uG,fjcif;jzifh EdkifiHom;ðycGifh&oltjzpfudk &&Sdyg
u Ekid if o
H m;ðycGi&hf oltjzpfrS ±kyfodrf;jcif;cH&rnft
h jyif axmif'%f wpfq,fEh pS Ef iS hf aiG'%f usyfig;aomif;udv
k nf; uscH
ap&rnf?
60?
Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf olwpfO;D onf rormaomenf;vrf;jzifh EkdifiHom;vufrSwf odk@r[kwf {nfhEdkifiHom;vufrSwf
odk@r[kwf EkdifiHom;ðycGifhvufrSwfudk olwpfOD;&&Sd&ef tm;ay;ulnDv#if EkdifiHom;ðycGifh&oltjzpfrS ±kyfodrf;jcif;cH&rnfh
tjyif axmif'%fckepfEpS Ef iS hf aiG'%ff usyfwpfaomif;ukv
d nf; uscHap&rnf?
61?
EdkifiHom;tjzpf &olwpfOD;onf yk'fr (59)/ yk'fr (60) t& olwpfOD;usL;vGefaom tr_udpPudk udk,fwdkifod&Sd
v#ifjzpfap/ udk,fwkdifyg0ifulnD aqmif&GufcJhv#ifjzpfap TOya'tm%mwnfonfah e@rpS I wpfEpS t
f wGif; od@k r[kwf
usL;vGefcJhonfhae@rSpI wpfESpftwGif; jynfxJa&;0ef}uD;Xme. owfrSwfxm;aom tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;Y azmfxkwf0efcHygu
Ttr_udpPESifhpyfvsOf;aom jypfr_ jypf'%frS vGwf+idrf;cGifh&&Sdap&rnf?
62?

(u) Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&hf oltjzpfrS &yfpcJ &H ol od@k r[kwf ±kyfodrf;cH&ol. Edik if o
H m;ðycGiv
hf ufrSwfukd y,fzsux
f m;
aomvufrSwfudkudkifaqmifolonf jynfxJa&;0ef}uD;Xme. owfrSwfonfhenf;vrf;ESifhtnD jyefvnf
tyfESH&rnf?
(c) y,fzsux
f m;aom Edik if o
H m;ðycGiv
hf ufrSwfukd jyefvnftyfE&HS efysufuGufv#ifjzpfap/ qufvuftoH;k ðy
v#ifjzpfap/ olwpfOD;tm; rormaomenf;vrf;jzifh v$Jajymif;ay;tyfv#ifjzpfap axmif'%fwpfq,f
ESpEf iS hf aiG'%fusyEf Spaf omif;udk uscaH p&rnf?
(*) rnfolrqdk y,fzsufxm;aom EkdifiHom;ðycGifhvufrSwfujkd zpfap/ aoqH;k ol Ekid if o
H m;ðycGi&hf ol. vufrw
S f
udjk zpfap ukid af qmiftoH;k ðyv#if axmif'%fwpfq,fESpfESifh aiG'%f usyfESpfaomif;udk uscHap&rnf?

63?
rnforl qdk Edik if o
H m;ðycGiv
fh ufrSwftwk ðyvkyfv#ifjzpfap/ xko
d @dk ðyvkyf&ef tm;ay;ulnv
D #ijf zpfap axmif'%f
wpfq,fh ig;ESpEf iS hf aiG'%f usyfig;aomif;udk uscHap&rnf?
64//
Ekid if o
H m;ðycGi&hf oltjzpfrS&yfpJcH&ol od@k r[kwf ±kyfodrf;cH&olonf Ekid if o
H m;ðycGi&hf oltjzpfukd jyefvnfav#muf
xm;cGirhf &Sad p&?
tcef; (5)
Edik if o
H m;/ {nfEh ikd if o
H m;/ Ekid if o
H m;ðycGi&hf ol [kwf r[kwf tqH;k tjzwfc,
H jl cif;
65?
yk*K~d vfwpfO;D onf Ekid if o
H m;/ {nfEh idk if o
H m;/ Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&fh ol [kwf r[kwf tqH;k tjzwfcH,l&ef ta=umif;udpP
ay:aygufygu A[kt
d zG@J o@kd av#mufxm;Edik o
f nf?
66?

A[kt
d zGŒJ onf —
(u) av#mufxm;oltm; taxmuftxm; rsm;EsifhwuG wifjycGifhay;&rnf?
(c) Oya'ESifhtnD tqHk;tjzwfay;&rnf?
(*) tqHk;tjzwfudk av#mufxm;olxHodk@ jyef=um;&rnf?

tcef; (6)
A[kt
d zG@J
67?

0ef}uD;tzGŒJ onf A[kt
d zGŒJ udk atmufygtwdik ;f zG@J pnf;&rnf —
(u) 0ef}uD;
- OuUÏ
jynfxJa&;0ef}uD;Xme
(c) 0ef}uD;
- tzGJŒ0if
umuG,fa&;0ef}uD;Xme
(*) 0ef}uD;
Edik if jH cm;a&;0ef}uD;Xme
- tzGŒJ 0if

68?

A[kt
d zGŒJ onf atmufygvyk yf ikd fcGirhf sm;&So
d nf —
(u) EdkifiHom;/ {nfhEdkifiHom;/ EkdifiHom;ðycGifh&ol [kwf r[kwf tqHk;tjzwfay;jcif;?
(c) {nfEh ikd if o
H m;/ Ekid if o
H m;ðycGi&hf &ef av#mufxm;csuEf iS phf yfvsOf;I tqH;k tjzwfay;jcif;?
(*) Ekid if o
H m;/ {nfEh ikd fiHom;/ Edik if o
H m;ðycGi&fh oltjzpfrS &yfpJjcif;?
(C) EdkifiHom;/ {nfhEdkifiHom;/ EdkifiHom;ðycGifh&oltjzpfrS±kyfodrf;jcif;?
(i) rSwfyHkwifjcif;/ uwdopPmðyjcif;wdk@ESifh pyfvsOf;aom ysufuGufr_twGuf av#mufxm;csufESifhywfoufI
tqHk;tjzwfay;jcif;?

69?

A[kt
d zGŒJ onf ta&;,lcH&oltm; acsycGiafh y;&rnf?
tcef; (7)
t,lcjH cif;

70?

(u) A[kt
d zJ@G .qH;k jzwfcsuu
f kd rauseyfolonf vkyfx;Hk vkyfenf;jzifo
h wfrSwfonft
h wdik ;f 0ef}uD;tzG@J o@kd t,l
cHEikd o
f nf?
(c) 0ef}uD;tzGJ@. qHk;jzwfcsufonf t+yD;tjywfjzpfap&rnf?

71//
TOya'jzifh vkyfyikd cf iG t
hf yfESif;xm;onfh tzG@J tpnf;rsm;onf TOya'ygupd &P yfrsm;udk aqmif&u
G jf cif;ESiyhf wf
oufI wpHkw&mta=umif;jy&efrvdk?
tcef; (8)
taxGaxG
72?
TOya'tm%mwnfonfhaerSpI TOya'yg jyVmef;csufwpf&yf&yft&rSty rnfonfhEkdifiHjcm;om;r# EdkifiH
om;ðycGifh&&efav#mufxm;cGifhr&Sdap&?
73?
EdkifiHom; odk@r[kwf {nfhEdkifiHom; odk@r[kwf EdkifiHom;ðycGifh&ol. arG;pm;jcif;cH&aom EkdifiHjcm;om;wpfOD;onf
EkdifiHom; odk@r[kwf {nfhEkdifiHom; odk@r[kwf EdkifiHom;ðycGifh&oltjzpfudk r&&Sdap&?
74?
jypf'%fp&D ifonfu
h dpP&yfrsm;rSwyg; TOya'ESiphf yfvsOf;onfu
h pd &P yfrsm;od@k vkyfyikd cf iG t
hf yfEiS ;f xm;aom tzGŒJ t
pnf;rsm;uom qH;k jzwfEikd cf iG &hf o
dS nf?

75?
TOya'yg jyVmef;csufrsm;ukd aqmif&GufEdkif&eftvdk@iSm 0ef}uD;tzGJ@onf vkdtyfaom vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;rsm;udk
EdkifiHawmfaumifpD. oabmwlnDcsufjzifh xkwfjyef&rnf?
76?

atmufygOya'wdk@udk TOya'jzifh ±kyfodrf;vdkufonf?
(u) 1948 ckESpf/ jynfaxmifpjk refrmEdik if o
H m;tjzpf (a&G;cs,af &;) tufOya'?
(c) 1948 ckESpf/ jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiHom;jzpfr_ tufOya'?
y/ p/ u - trSwf 136371/ 24-1-83/ 500 +25/ zv?