Comparison of Adjectives

Ram is tall. Shyam is taller than Ram. Mohan is the tallest of the three. In the second sentence, the word ‘taller’ is the comparative form of the adjective. The comparative form of the adjective denotes a higher degree of the adjective ‘tall’ when two people or things are compared. In the third sentence, the word ‘tallest’ is the superlative form of the adjective. The superlative form of the adjective denotes the highest degree of the adjective ‘tall’ when more than two people or things are compared. Here are some simple rules to keep in mind when forming comparatives and superlatives. RULE 1 For most adjectives, ‘er’ is added for the comparative form and ‘est’ for the superlative form. Tall – Taller – Tallest Strong – Stronger – Strongest Short – Shorter – Shorter Kind – Kinder - Kindest RULE 2 For adjectives ending with ‘e’, ‘r’ is added for the comparative form and ‘st’ for the superlative form. Wise – Wiser – Wisest Large – Larger – Largest Nice – Nicer – Nicest Fine – Finer - Finest RULE 3 For adjectives ending with ‘y’, ‘y’ is removed and ‘ier’ is added for comparative form and ‘iest’ for the superlative form. Lazy – Lazier – Laziest Crazy – Crazier – Craziest Wealthy – Wealthier – Wealthiest Heavy – Heavier - Heaviest RULE 4

They are the sole modifier of a noun or pronoun. ‘more’ + adjective is used for comparative form and ‘most’ + adjective is used for superlative form.) Comparative Adjectives Comparative adjectives are used when describing the differences between ONLY two items. hat. For example:   Her blue hat was brilliant. Handsome – More Handsome – Most Handsome Beautiful – More Beautiful – Most Beautiful Intelligent – More Intelligent – Most Intelligent Difficult – More Difficult – Most Difficult RULE 5 Irregular Adjectives: There are some irregular adjectives for which the comparative and superlative form follow no particular rule.Usually for longer adjectives. (Smart is the positive adjective modifying the noun. (Blue is the positive adjective modifying the noun. or Orangutan is a shorter word than rhinoceros. woman. For example. For example:  Their swim team was faster than our swim team. take the two words: orangutan and rhinoceros   Rhinoceros is a longer word than orangutan. Good – Better – Best Bad – Worse – Worst Many – More – Most Little – Less . can be used to describe groups of items as long as there are only two groups. .) She was a smart woman. Comparative adjectives. Even though they are called "positive" adjectives they can describe something negative. used to describe only two items.Least Positive Adjectives Positive adjectives stand alone. They do not compare the noun/pronoun with any other.

.. They are the most extreme in the group of items. especially those ending in "y".g. less careful Note:    When the adjective ends in "e" just add an "r". good. Superlative adjectives are never used with two items. Never use both "est" and "most" or "least". bad. (E. earlier) Remember: There are always irregular forms that don't follow these rules. late.g. more obnoxious careful. E. happier.g.g. consonant ending. For example. This is INCORRECT. later) When the adjective has a consonant. For example:   big. Never use both "er" and "more" or "less". redder) When the adjective ends in a "y". (E. When the adjective is multi-syllabic we sometimes use the the terms "more" or "less" to describe the comparison. They are used to express the highest degree of the item you are expressing in comparison to the other items. rhinoceros. or Orangutan is the shortest word. better. Superlative Adjectives Superlative adjectives are used when describing three items or more. especially those ending in "y". vowel. little.. happier obnoxious.Comparative Adjective Suffixes With one syllable adjectives and sometimes two syllable adjectives. The meal was more better than last night. Superlative Adjective Suffixes With one syllable adjectives and sometimes two syllable adjectives. change the "y" to "i" and add "er".. When the adjective is multi-syllabic we sometimes use the the terms "most" or "least" to describe the comparison. For example:     big.. happiest . (E. worse. take the three words: orangutan. we add the suffix "er". we add the suffix "est".g. and hippopotamus   Hippopotamus is the longest word. biggest happy. red. bigger happy. double the ending letter and add "er". bigger. less. E. early.

earliest) Again. remember: There are always irregular forms that don't follow these rules. most obnoxious careful. redder.. better. less careful. E. reddest) When the adjective ends in a "y"..g.g. more obnoxious. . least careful Note:    When the adjective ends in "e" just add an "st".g. less. little. (E. consonant ending. change the "y" to "i" and add "est". (E. late. least. worst. good. (E.  obnoxious. bad. double the ending letter and add "est".g. later. early. vowel. latest) When the adjective has a consonant.. worse. best. red. earlier..

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