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Optimization LTE

Optimization LTE

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Published by: Muhammad Arsalan Gill on Feb 14, 2013
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ACCESSIBILITY

o IDLE
♦ Reference signal is used to measure quality

Cell Selection ♦ QRxLevMin -128 to -110 to discourage camping QRxLevMinOffset 0 to 2 will
discourage camping,

♦ Qqualmin -22 to 18 to discourage camping ♦ Pcompensation max(PEMAX –PPowerClass, 0), pMaxServingCell, pMaxGeran − PMAX (max UE power) − Criteria for camping of Less power UEs is hard, pMaxServingCell 1000

Srxlev = Qrxlevmeas – (Qrxlevmin + Qrxlevminoffset) - Pcompensation
 Reselection ♦ Start Reselection − SIntraSearch 29*2=-58dBm to 31 will encourage reselection − sNonIntraSearch 2 to 5 will discourage IRAT reselection,
-114+5*2=-104dBm

− −

TcrMaxConnMode (mobility calc) T_CRMAX_30S to T_CRMAX_60S will discourage reselection but increase precision, celResTiF, sIntrasearch, sNonIntrsearch High mobility scaling QHystSfHigh DB0_Q_HYST_SF_HIGH(0dB) to DB_2_Q_HYST_SF_HIGH will discourage reselection, qRxlevminoffset 0
to 2

− TreselectionRAT increase to decrease reselection, treSelection 7s ♦ Reselection Decision − IdleQhyst1s (current cell) 4 to 2 will discourage sticking to current cell qHyst,
qHyst 4

− − − − −

Cell offset qOffsetCellEUtran, qOffsetCell, qOffCell, interTResEut,
qRxLevMinInterF, offsetFreq 2 to 0

CellReselPriority 0 to 2 for high priority, cellReselectionPriority 5 to 3
discourage reselection, threshXHighHrpd, tReselectionEutra 2 to 4,
tReselectionEutraSfHigh 3 to 2

NcellReselectionHigh 16 to 10  UE enters high mobility state earlier threshXHigh, threshXLow, tReselectionEutraSfHigh, threshServingLow 62, sPrioritySearch1, interFrqThrH, tResEutSF, eutResTiFHM, celResTiFHM, cellReSelPrio 3 to 0 will discourage, mobStateParamNCelChgHgh, mobStateParamTEval, qRxLevMinOffset 0 to 2dB, q-RxLevMin, spStResPars, qHystSfHigh, tReselEutr, timeToTriggerSfMedium, tResUtra, tResUtraSF, utrResTiFHM Qrxlevmeas

Rs = Qmeas,s + QHyst Rn = Qmeas,n - Qoffset
Tevaluation 30 to 60s, tEvaluation 240 • T320 ATTACH T3410 (UE), T3450 (eNodeB) System Information Messages SIB1(Access/Message scheduling, reselection),SIB2(UE timers,common/shared channel, UL RBs),SIB3(intra-freq reselect) systemInformationBlock3,SIB4(Intra neigh),SIB5 (inter-freq neigh), SIB6(Reselect to WCDMA),SIB-7(Reslect to GSM),SIB8(Reselect to CDMA) • Sib3Period RF16 to RF32 less resources used but delay in access, maxCrSibDl, si4Periodicity CellRadius

RRC setup success rate (service)


o

pZeroNominalPucch -117 SRB0 is for RRC messages transmitted over the Common Control Channel CCCH

RB=SRB+DRB

    

SRB1 is transmitted over the Dedicated Control Channel DCCH. RRC connection establishment is Signaling Radio Bearer-1. Theis is for NSN and RRC SRB2: bearing NAS signaling and transmitted over the DCCH, srbSchedWeightDl. This is for NAS and RRC of high priority DRB bears data maximum of eight DRBs per UE with eNodeB T302 4 to 6 s, timer b/w retries for RRC connection establishment
tlnactivityTimer

• •

Causes emergency highPriorityAccess Mobile terminating Mobile Originating Signaling and mo-Data. RRC failures L.RRC.ReEst.ReconfFail.Rej L.RRC.ReEst.HoFail.Rej, RA measurement(Random Access
failures), PDCP discards, s1RetryTimer 30 to 40, • T300-5, T301, 200 to 300 ms, N310, N311 • T310 indicates physical failure 200 to 300

• • • • •
• •

T311 10000 to 150000 ms, RRC reestablishment T3446 T3460 supervises authentication request.NAS timer T3470 sueprvises identity request. NAS timer
T3410 UE timer supervises attach request T3417, T3421 or T3430 retransmission timers T3421 UE timer supervises detach procedure

• •

RRC Setup Success Rate (Signaling) PRACH (SIB2)
o
prach-ConfigurationIndex, Max Preambles, contention/non contention (specified RACH), Power ramping step DB0 to DB2, Preamble initial received target power DBM_104 to DBM_100, RA retries, PreambInitRcvTargetPwr DBM_120(-120dBm) to DBM_92(-92dBm)  performace of cell at the cost of interference on others, RachAlgoSwitch, maxCrRa4Dl, PRACH cyclic shift, prachFreqOff, prachPwrRamp, preambTxMax, raContResoT, raMsgPoffGrB, raNondedPreamb, raPowRampSetup, raRespWinSize, rootSeqIndex, ulpcIniPrePwr, ulpcRarespTpc, RACH density  Early contention resolution can improve the Access success rate accessBarringTime s32  T303 numberOfPRBsForDynamicallyScheduledPUSCHForRACHRegion, maxHARQmsg3Tx, maxRACHTransmitPower, pRACHPreambleDetectorThreshold, pRACHpowerSetting, prachFrequencyOffset, preambleInitialReceivedTargetPower, preambleTransMax, preambleTransmitPowerStepSize, adaptiveMsg3PowerControlEnable, sctpAccessAssociationMaxRetrans, sctpAccessEstablishmentMaxRetries

 

RA (Random Access) update for service request, location update, and paging. RACH is provided to UE. o Contention (preamble collision) initial RRC connection establishment, RRC connection reestablishment, uplink data arrival o Non Contention (preambles allocated) handover, downlink data arrival o BackOffSwitch adjust the back off time dynamically to relieve load on RACH o RACH process influences the call setup delay, handover delay, data resuming delay, call setup success rate and handover success rate. o AcBarringFactorForCall P95(95%) to 80 will discourage access ATTACH o Incorrect LAC at MSC, TAC at MME • T3412 TAC update • T3414 UE attach with NAS • S1_implicitDetachTimer • S1_MobileReachableTimer o SON

ERAB=RB(Um)-S1(S1) • • o Radio Network Unavailability Rate 9 Radio Bearers RadioBeare rs _QCI _ 1 (highest) to 9 o RRC reconfiguration establishment. Small TA  more LAC updates and chances of missing paging message increase pagingForceMCSmin -1 to 2 min MCS scheme • • • • • • • • • • NAS (UE & MME) procedure consists of attach. . more UEs in a group. modificationPeriodCoeff 2. and extended service request. T3413. tracking area update. maxNumRrc. cellRange 15 to 10Km  success. T=defaultpagingcycle 1T to 1/2T  less paging time. nrOfRrcConnectedReserved. tracking area (TA) update. or radio link failure downlink data arrival. PRACH transmission power control parameters • • • FACH PAGING Discarded Paging Messages over the Uu Interface. RRC connection reestablishment caused by handover failure. less paging capacity T=defaultpagingcycle 1T to 2T  more paging time. RACH preamble split. raCrntiReuseT. high paging traffic. low paging traffic. location update. less UEs in a group. and paging. rrcConnReestActive 0 to 1  RRC success. more groups. dlGbrAdmThresh. RRC reconfiguration failure. uplink data arrival. fewer groups. DefaultPagingCycle or DRX cycle rf128 to fr64  shorter paging cycle. maxCrPgDl. service request. nB T to 1/4T fewer and larger groups. RACH backoff parameter value. traffic pattern) Interference on PUSCH channel Paramaters that can be controlled are PRACH configuration index. AS (UE & eNodeB) RRC service request. Nb  ONET (1T) to TWOT(2T) more paging capacity maxNoOfPagingRecords3 to 5 more UEs in a paging message Single paging message can accommodate a maximum of 16 paging records. detach. pagingNb. coverageIndicator.   o RACH load (call arrival rate. initial coding is set by parameter • CCCH o SRB-0 o RRC(SRB-1) over DCCH Connection Request (Over CCCH from UE to eNodeB) UE context/SRB1 allocation  RRC Connection Setup (eNodeB to UE)  RRC Connection Setup Complete (UE to eNodeB)  Initial UE Message (eNodeB to MME)  Initial Context Setup message (MME to eNodeB)  Security Mode command (eNodeB to UE)RRC Connection Reconfiguration message(eNodeB to UE) RRC Connection Reconfiguration Complete message (UE to eNodeB) o RRC(SRB-2) for ERABover DCCH. • • • Signaling Link Release RRC Release UeInactiveTimer 1800 to 2000s. load rebalancing ERAB Setup Success Rate (VoIP) ERAB Setup Success Rate (All) o E-RAB establishment = Signaling Radio Bearer-2 (SRB2) establishment and Data Radio Bearer (DRB) establishment. modification and Release of RBs . HO rate. pagingDiscardTimer 3 to 5s.

initial coding is set by parameter. MIMO mode. TX rank. a2TimeToTriggerRedirect. addAUeRrHo. type 1 or 2 hopping demodulation reference signal is used for channel estimation sounding reference signal provides uplink channel quality CQI 16 values representing modulation scheme and coding format. initial coding is set by parameter Paging initial coding is set by parameter and rank indication (RI) for MIMO. qRxLevMinUtra RAC is based on No. Power. pZeroNominalPucch. o PUSCH data. HoppingMode HoppingOffset. paging. freq hopping can be used. NewGoldServiceOffset 10 to 5  access to gold at the cost of silver/copper. Dynamic Resource Allocation = Scheduling. acBarSig. coding. noOfPucchSrUsers.o SRB2 Inititial Context Setup Request (MME to eNodeB)  RRC connection reconfiguration (enodeB to UE) RRC connection reconfiguration complete (UE to eNodeB) Intial context setup (eNodeB to MME) ERAB setup request (MME to eNodeB)  RRC reconfiguration (enodeB to UE)  RRC reconfiguration complete (UE to eNodeB)  ERAB setup response (eNodeB to MME) o DRB ERAB modify request (MME to eNodeB)  RRC connection Reconfiguration (eNodeB to UE)  RRC Reconfiguration complete(UE to eNodeB) ERAB modify response(eNodeB to MME). and handover measurement.  PDCCH (scheduling. deliver RA-RNTI. nbrSRSperTTI        o Uplink channels o PUCCH ack/nack. modulation. Control info is ent on this channel if PUSCH is not assigned to UE. RB group assignment. and scheduling requests (SR). dynamicCFIEnabled ♦ initial coding is based on control data volume PHICH ack/nack PBCH MIB 40 ms.TA. srsBandwidth. Qci1HoThd 90 to 95  access. RACH response) ♦ DCI-0 uplink scheduling. baseband power. pBCHPowerOffset. contention response by eNB. maxNrSymPdcch. channel quality indication (CQI) reports. sigAcProbFac. broadcast. PDSCH power boosting. Intra-frame or Inter frame hopping. CS Fall-Back feature. GoldServiceArpThd 5 to 8  access. maxNumActDrb RRM. cqiReportingModeAperiodic o PRACH Preambles. UL sync and UL SCH resource requests. path loss estimation. Downlink control info-DCI. soundRsEnabled. RB assignment ♦ Resource allocation type-0 ♦ Resource allocation type-1 ♦ Resource allocation type-2 Resource indication Value-RIV (like pointer) ♦ DCI-2 downlink shared channel assignments in case of closed loop spatial Mux ♦ DCI-2A downlink shared channel assignments in case of open loop spatial Mux ♦ DCI-3 TPC ♦ CQI request ♦ cFI 1 to 2  increase in no. SIB. handover. • • • • csFallbackPrio. initial coding is set by parameter PSS & SSS symbol and frame timing as well as cell identities RS reference signals for cell recognition. srsPwrOffset. NCS(prachCs) . of PDCCH symbols. TPC. pucchSize. Pb 0 to 3 & ReferenceSignalPwr 182 to 200 (20dBm)  high coverage/capacity but interference on others. UL grant ♦ DCI-1 modulation. of RRCs and active users. precoding. srsHoppingBw. uplink grant. PDCCH/PUCCH Resources. initial access. UlBasebandCapacity DlBasebandCapacity isRrcReEstablishmentAllowed • Channels o Downlink Control Channels  PCFICH (no of symbols in PDCCH depending upon signaling). ocAcProbFac. s1RetryTimer. channel estimation. resources modified are PRBs. precoding matrix information (PMI) dynamicPUCCHEnabled PCI 504 = 168 (secondary x 3 (primary group) PDSCH for downlink data. pZeroNominalPusch -103 (power). 8 DRB max.

enablePcPdcch. Estimate channel quality. ICIC changes scheduling strategies on serving and neighbor cells CellDlpcPdschPa (enable PC or even power distribution) partOfRadioPower 100. transmitted where there is no user data Measurement messages are sent • • o FPC Fractional Power Control.t SIR targets and Static based on PdcchPwrDedi larger value  less drops but less UEs accommodated. PHICH carries HARQ and affects throughput. PO_PDSCH. Alpha (0. and o o o handover measurement.r. PucchAlgoSwitch. Paging Messages. ulpcUpqualCch. pMaxIntraF. path loss. SINRRS(based on CQI) ≤SINRTarget then increased power PDSCH Increase Pb and Pa to increase power of PDSCH. They affect the coverage.PCMAX. rlfailureT. dlPathlossChg. PBCH. pMax. noutsyncInd. pMaxOwnCell. Paging power -3171. scheduling affect power control ICIC SON can change parameters HII. tpcStepSize. ulpcReadPeriod. PBCH power -3174. PCFICH power -3175. RaRespPwr. DeltaMcsEnabled 0 to 1  MCS value affects power control and throughput increases  o Dynamic ♦ SINR based ♦ PH.r. ♦ RBs and OI of neighbor  Semi persistent ♦ BLER PUCCH (UE) affects throughput. Increase in Power  more interference but good accessibility. OI and DL TX Power indicator. dlpcMimoComp. PPDSCH_A. networkSignallingValue NS_01 (UE power attenuation) Power Control of Signals ReferenceSignalPwr 182(18dBm). PagingPwr -3171. GBR. PDCCH (RRC or SD)PC is dynamic w. They affect accessibility. channel estimation. MinpwrMa. Prs Power -3169 SINR target and CQI. ulpcAccuEnable. applicable on Cell-specific reference signal. ulpcLowlevCch. referenceSignalPower PRACH PreambInitRcvTargetPwr DBM_104(-104dBm) to -102 . paOffsetPdsch. FilterRsrp PDCCH Carrying RACH Response. PbchPwr -600(-3dB). CellUlpcDedic. Increase in Power  more interference but good accessibility. PaCenterUe PA_0. ulpcUplevCch. retries. rxPowerScaling. Scaling factor Pb 1 to 3 (01.3) High Power of Reference signal but at the cost of PDSCH. qRxLevMinInterF. ulpcAlpha. and schedule request (SR) information related to downlink data. pDCCHPowerOffsetSymbol1. maximumTransmissionPower. estimation. DbchPwr. -3173. Downlik ICIC. The PUCCH carries the ACK/NACK information. AMBR are considered to arrive at Pa value  In Semi-persistent scheduling: BLER target is considered  ICIC informs if user is at the centre or edge PUSCH (UE) affects throughput . PdcchBndPcSw is the switch for dynamic PC. offset of Sync signal SchPwr 0. confOutputPower. ulpcIniPrePwr. DeltaFPUCCHFormat1. CQIs. DBCH power -3172. Synchronization signals power. Rach respond power -3170. PhichResource 1 to 2  more control resources. The cell-specific reference signal is used for cell recognition. dFpucchF1. maxNrSymPdcch. pMaxUtra. PcfichPwr -600(-3dB). MinpwrRL. pDCCHPowerControlMaxPowerDecrease o o o o o o o o o o o o In Dynamic scheduling: CQI.4 to 0. throughput and accessibility is affected. RBs. SIBs.t SIR targets and Static based on PhichPcOff. P0NominalPUSCH -67 to -58 large value  throughput of the cell increases but network decreases. Commands are sent through DCI Reference signal power -57.8) good for cell edge users but not of system performance. confOutputPower 20 to 40. p0NomPucch. PC is dynamic w. PwrRampingStep DB2 to DB4. p0NomPusch. transmission block. ulpcPucchEn. ulpcEnable.2.o DRS Demodulation reference signals for channel estimation o Sounding reference signals (SRS) are used to control frequency-dependent scheduling by the o POWER CONTROL eNodeB and PSrsOffsetDeltaMcsDisable -30 to -15 increase power of SRS. P0NominalPUCCH -105 to -100 increases throughput but decreases network throughput  .

QoS satisfaction rate of GBR services. pMaxInterF. PSRS OFFSET. admission based on QOS Admission Control  Check UE capability  Resource prediction or QoS satisfaction rate of Admitted services or check no. CELL_PWR_RED • LOAD CONTROL o T320 RacAlgoSwitch enable admission and load control algo. Qoffset in idle mode ♦ CIO decrease to discourage HO to neighbor  InterFreqMlbThd 60 to 55  InterRatMlbThd 75 to 70 unidirectional only. MlbAlgoSwitch load balancing algo ulAccGbrAdmThresh loadTargetForOCNS RB based loadTargetForOCNSonPDCCH Power based Load Monitoring  Resource Limitation Indications ♦ Downlink power limitation indication ♦ PUCCH resource limitation indication ♦ Sounding resource limitation indication PUSCH ♦ Transport resource limitation indication ♦ Cell Congestion AqmAlgoSwitch (queueing at the cost of integrity)  PRB usage. low power  low performance o maximumTransmissionPower. SRB for location updates and detach.Neighbor with the lowest load is considered or in A category ♦ Auto adjust CIO(for connected mode). Increase CIO and decrease Qoffset  IntraFreqMlbThd 60 to 50 for traffic shifting. and system performance.  LoadExchangePrd 10s to 8 load control. broadcasted/RRC parameters o PaPcOff o Closed Loop PC is based on UL level and quality measurements. imLoadBalancingActive. based on UE attributes. load factors. LoadOffset 8 to 5. threshXHighHystMin Congestion Control o o o o o o o  o   Preemption of GBR services with low energy efficiency rate (EER) ♦ PreemptionArpThd 5 to 3  congestion relief GBR service rate downsizing ♦ CopperGbrCongProportion 90% to reduction 80 reduction  congestion relief . sectorPower. GoldUserArpThd 5 to 4 will increase priority. PreemptionArpThd 5(ARP value) to 3 to encourage preemption  MaxNonGBRBearerNum 3000 to 4000  admission  GbrRbUseHighProportion. By limiting the number of PRBs used by GBR services. confOutputPower. DlRbHighThd 95 to 90 to encourage load control ♦ UlRbHighThd 95 to 90  Load control  QOS Satisfaction Rate. Qoffset in idle mode. threshServingLowHystMin. o o o RaRspPwr PchPwr DbchPwr SchPwr PbchPwr PcfichPwr PrsPwr Open loop PC is based on path loss. admission control increases the admission success rate ♦ QoS: admission threshold for new gold services is QcixHoThd plus NewGoldUserOffset.  Service preemption and Redirection. of PRBs ♦ Resource: Allocation and Retention Priority (ARP). based on QCI.o primarySyncSignalPowerOffset o SRS for uplink channel estimation and uplink timing. and resource limitation. service attributes. MaxNonGbrBearerNum 3000 to 4000 will enhance admission. dlAccGbrAdmThresh Load Balancing Intra-Frequency CIO(for connected mode).

o Voice release. adjust antenna weights to either minimize interference gain (MRC) – white Noise or maximize signal gain (IRC) – colored interference. vswrUrgentThreshold 20 to 15  early trigger of alarm.  RETAINBILITY-CDR Qci1CongThd 65 + CongRelOffset 20 < Qci1HoThd 90 to 85  congestion relief? QcixHoThd is small overall QoS satisfaction rate of the admitted services is low but the admission of incoming handovers is easy and drop rate may increase. normalized to releases o PS releases. Check RACH and power parameters Raw counters. ulamcSwitchPer. normalized to session time • • • ♦ tlnactivityTimer ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ • ♦ ♦ T301 tTimeAlignmentTimer (Timer for TA UL sync) T3411 failure in NAS signaling T3410 failure in NAS signaling T3430 failure in NAS signaling T3417 failure in NAS signaling T3440 groupHoppingEnabled. CSFallBackBlindHoCfg CQI 0 to 15. Traces. Closed loop for slow moving and open loop for fast moving E-RAB Release Service. minimumCQIForFSS. MCS 0 to 31. QC1 to QC9. UE context releases. ulInterferenceManagementActive. s1RetryTimer. Layer3. pMaxServingCell MIMO o Fading=Variance in SINR. P0NominalPUCCH The definition of an abnormal release is that there shall be buffered data to be transmitted at the time of release release of the E-RAB had a negative impact on the end-user. a5B2MobilityTimer. DeltaFPUCCHFormat2a DELTAF2(2dB). tHODataFwdReordering. PM events for diagnosis. PRB used. Downlink Power. adjust center CCU and edge CEU UE loading o dlInterferenceManagementActive switch. DT. tHODataFwdReordering 50 to 100 ms o tInactivityTimer. taMaxOffset. taTimerMargin. isS1EnhancementsAllowed. Energy efficiency rate (EER) depend upon data amount. connTimer. riPerOffset.HO. congestion. initialMCSIndexForBearerSetup. riEnable. upper and lower thresholds . cellRange 15 to 10Km •  low drops. handover. coverageIndicator. p0NomPusch. MAC traffic retransmissions. addAUeRrHo. mIMOMode. CELL_PWR_RED. qQualMinUtra. isTrafficBasedContextReleaseAllowed. 6dB gain with 4 antennas. hARQMaxTimer. CQI measurement. actRedirect.abnormal. sctpAccessPathMaxRetrans • • Closed Loop PC is based on UL level and quality measurements. dlTargetBler.PDCP discards/packet loss. no of users/edge users. RANK 1 to 4 • T310 indicates physical failure 200 to 300 • • • UeInactiveTimer 1800 to 2000s T321 Interference o IRC works at physical layer  MIMO o ICIC works at MAC layer. More data with less power  efficiency ♦ if ARP is >= LdcMeaArpThd 10 to 5  EER is calculated ♦ LdcMeaArpThd 10 to 13  congestion relief but drops increase • • • • • • • • Call Drop Rate (VoIP) Service Drop Rate (All) Radio Network Unavailability Rate pZeroNominalPusch RAB Failures ERAB relase causes (normal. unavailability). taTimer. ERAB modification causes. qRxLevMinUtra DeltaPreambleMsg3 4 to 6. noOfRxAntennas. isRrcReEstablishmentAllowed.

cell degraded. cqiPerNp. p0NomPusch. Fast ANR checking period. a3TimeToTrigger. b1ThresholdEcNoUtra. reportIntervalA2Prim MS120 to MS240. ctrlMode.MOBILITY • General Causes o Path imbalance. isBlindPsHoToUtraFddAllowed  Event triggered. Deals premature handover. Paging power -3171. A3(start intra-freq HO due to good neighbor) better cell HO. timeToTriggerA3 320 ms. cellAddRsrpOffsetEutran. PingpongTimeThd 5 to 3. addAUeRrHo. PingpongRatioThd 10 to 5 % (to encourage MRO). FastAnrRprtAmount. MRO (Mobility Robust Optimization) feature optimizes the handover parameters automatically. -3170. statusRepReq. measurementPriority. serving/neighbor config. hysteresisPm. A5 coverage HO  a3offset (serving) 30 to 40  discourage HO. ANR add cell threshold(%). maxMeasInterFreqEUtra. check equipment health. p0UePusch. addAUeTcHo. PBCH power -3174. discontinuous coverage. PCI collisions. maxNumAUeHo. data delay  Periodic or Fast. Detection of missing neighboring. threshold1  CsfbHoUtranTimeToTrig.  Drawbacks. service drops. PingpongTimeThd. FastAnrRprtInterval 2048 ms to 1024 ms will speed up the ANR high speed. x2BlackList. pMax. reportAmountA3. Enable during initial phase. reportIntervalPm MS_480 to MS_640. filterCoefficientEUtraRsrq. PCI collisions and abnormal neighboring cell coverage ♦ NRTCellHOStatNum no of HOs with N and ANR DelCellThd 60 to 50%  discourage deletion. tHODataFwdReordering 300 to 400 ms UE Level Oscillating Handover Minimization feature • o SON o AnrSwitch. antenna tilt. Prs Power -3169 o Neighbor-ANR  maxReportCellsPm. HO Parameter-MRO minimizes HO failures. reportAmountA2Prim 1 to 2  discourage A2. FastAnrRsrpThd. It changes the CIO. interference. A2(start Inter-fre/Inter-RAT meas due to good quality) RRC Connection Release with Redirect. hardware. MRO optimization period(min). x2BlackList. removeNcellTime 1 to 2 min. cellAddRankLimitEutran.Fast ANR PCI report amount. HO delayed. MroSwitch. taMaxOffset. cellAddRsrpThresholdEutran. Periodic measurements increase power and decrease throughput. anrUesThreshInterFMax. connectors. Rach respond power. anrIntraFreqState. A4(start inter-freq HO due to good neighbor. dlsUsePartPrb.unavailabilities. and ping-pong handover. dlInterferenceManagementActive. Early/Drag/Ping-pong by adjusting CIO. covTriggerdBlindHoAllowed  ANR is suggested for early phases  anrEnable. detects only missing neighbor. PingpongRatioThd 5 to 3  SON or MRO  OptPeriod 1440 to 1300. reportQuantityA2Prim. removeNrelTime. • • T304 supervises the Intra-LTE HO Events o A1(stop Inter-freq/Inter-RAT meas due to good quality). -3173. a3ReportInterval. hysteresisA3 3dB. x2retryTimerStart. TpeSwitch o Power Control o Reference signal power -57. OptParaThd 70 to 80% HOSR SON ♦ Ealry Hos>Delayed Hos  decrease CIO of neighbor o . FastAnrRsrpThd -102 to -90  make ANR tough URBAN  Manual configure black and white list. isRemoveAllowed. timeAndPhaseSynchCritical. timeToTriggerA3 40 to 64. Ncell optimization threshold(%)  CIO. HOSR with N. DBCH power -3172. PCFICH power -3175. intraEnbPrio. A3 offsets. delayed handover. minBestCellHoAttempts 1. NcellOptThd. hysteresisA2Sec (neighbor) 10 to 20. FastAnrIntraRatMeasUeNum 5 to 7 will improve HOSR. Synchronization signals power. filterCoefficientEUtraRsrp 4. intrFrBCList. B1 (start inter-RAT HO due to good neighbor). parameter settings.

IntraRATHoMaxRprtCell 4 to 6. LdSvBasedHoGeranB1Thd -98 to -94. isX2LoadIndicationAllowed. frequency-specific offset 0 to 2 encourages HO PBGT HO minBestCellHoAttempts. QoffsetFreq. isForcedDrxForCsFallbackAllowed no to yes. reporting configuration. CIO is changed automatically A3 Mn + Ofn + Ocn – Hys > Ms + Ofs + Ocs + Off (IntraFreqHoA3Offset) MeaBandwidth MBW-50 MBW-60. IntraFreqHoA3Offset 2 to 4 will discourage HO. InterRatHoRprtAmount.2. Uemeasurementsactive. filtering coefficient for L3- • • • • • EutranFilterCoeffRSRP FC0 to FC2 will delay HO. a2ThresholdRsrpSec.5)  discourage A5. qRxLevMinGer KPIs handover success rate. hysteresisA2Prim. timeToTriggerA2Prim. and ping-pong handover rate are set per QCI. InterRatHoA1ThdRSRQ -20 to -18. Intra-frequency Handover Out Success Rate o o o Cell group ID is critical In load based. Qoffset in idle mode LTE system uses hard handovers RRC = connected mode. InterFreqHoA2ThdRSRQ -24(-12dB) to -28(-14dB). Intra-Frequency CIO(for connected mode). InterRATHoUtranB1ThdEcN0 -20 to -16.-9.-6. InterFreqLoadBasedHoA4ThdRSRP -103 to -105  Timer304 GEAN IRAT timer Load Based o Based on frequency capability of UEs. IntraFreqHoA3TrigQuan. in order to reduce the delay • • • • Inter-frequency Handover Out Success Rate o A2 Ms + Hys < Thresh  InterFreqHoA1A2Hyst 4 to 6(3dB). threshold2EutraRsrq 8 (-7. a1ThresholdRsrqPm o pMaxGer. InterRatHoGeranRprtInterval . time-to-trigger. Load. IntraFreqHoRprtInterval 240 to 480ms. TGAP 6ms RRC connection re-establishment towards the selected cell only Blind HO In the case of a load-based or service-based handover. triggerQuantityA2Sec. qOffsetFreq Event-Triggered Periodical Reporting Hysteresis. maxTimeAllowedForCsfbMobilityAttempt • • • • o a3offset 30 to 35  discourage A3 or adding Intra freq neighbor. b2Threshold1Rsrp. IntraRATHoRprtAmount r2 to r4  High values for cells with large signal fading variance CellIndividualOffset (Auto) dB-0 to dB-2 will encourage HO  o o • o Measurement Gaps o Ocs less value will discourage HO Ocn (connected mode) high will encourage HO Retry and Penalty Handover failure  cell selection procedure  RRC connection re-establishment   • • • GapPatternType  GAP measurement pattern1 Tperiod 40ms. ARPs. service based. UtranFilterCoeffRSCP FC0 to FC2. o A4 Mn + Ofn (QoffsetFreq) + Ocn – Hys > Thresh  QoffsetFreq 0 to 3 . Detect early or late HO o IRAT HO a2ThresholdRsrpPrim. call drop rate. EutranFilterCoeffRSRP FC6 to FC8. InterFreqHoA4Hyst 4 to 6  InterFreqHoA1ThdRSRQ -20 to -22. tReselectionEUTRAN.5) to 9 (-10. TGAP 6ms  GAP measurement pattern2 Tperiod 80ms. Measurements gaps=compressed mode. Coverage. and resource usage Handover In Success Rate Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to CDMA) Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to WCDMA) o InterRatHoA2ThdRSRQ -20 to -22. RACH-PDCCH CIO decrease to discourage HO to neighbor. the eNodeB may select a target cell in the absence of the measurement information. IntraFreqHoA3TimeToTrig 40 to 60 ms. HO Types. IntraFreqHoA3Hyst 2 to 4(2dB).

Use wireshark (throughput result and signalling analysis) • • • • • • • • • • Service Downlink Average Throughput Service Uplink Average Throughput AQM (automated queue management)-discard large data volume. CFI. if CCE are occupied by donwlink grants than UL grants cannot be scheduled  QoS profile QCI.g. RLC discards. MCS coding. AMBR. re-trans). RxPower at eNB. RANK 1 to 4.g. PciConflictAlmSwitch tMobilityFromEutraCCO INTEGRITY • • ulChBw. o Network layout. TA. CRC errors. Dynamic Resource Allocation = Scheduling. expectedNumberOfUEPerTTIForDLRR. redBwMaxRbDl 10 to 15 PRBs Maximum number of PRBs assigned in downlink. stationary or mobile. IpInterface 2. noOfUsedTxAntennas  Check Licenses 64-QAM  Check Radio IE CQI. dlSchedulerMode. resources modified are PRBs. tStatusProhibit  Check reports from L1 to MAC  Check UE variables. OffsetFreq. PHR report of UE. o Restriction of user data rates (e.buffer status. GINR on DL. maxNumberOfRBsPerUE. buffer status. pZeroNominalPusch of neighbours/serving. speed) and fading conditions. sRPeriodicity 10 to 5ms. modulation scheme RRM. and by interference between the cells. rxPowerReport. dlResourceAllocationType. PHR. pmIfInOctetsLink1Hi. sync isLargePdcpSduAllowed. o Reception conditions impaired by traffic load levels.RI.g. TX rank. dlBasicSchedulingMode. RLC retransmisssions. no of users/edge users CQI 0 to 15. priority bit. TTI scheduling. PDCCH/PUCCH Resources. transport network. Power. UlBasebandCapacity DlBasebandCapacity Common Low Data Rate Issues: TCP/UPD/IP Config. . Transmission mode. GE link counters (packet delays. Max PRBs allowed  Check PDCCH.• • o o T311 10000 to 150000 ms Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to GSM) o o GeranFilterCoeff FC0 to FC2 T304 ms4000 to ms8000 redirectionInfoRefPrio1. baseband power. Throughput depends upon o Channel environment (e. no of RBs. MAC retransmission. MCS. QC1 (highest) to QC9. in short by the user's SINR. pZeroNominalPucch. ThreshXLow. tPeriodicBsr 20 to 60s. ARP. srsBandwidthConfiguration. synch.SCTP. type of antenna. usage of PRB (Physical resource blocks). reduce transmission delay ROHC (Robust Header Compression) Traffic Volume. MCS 0 to 31. relieves queue congestion. PRBs. ARP  Transport Network 1. path loss and fading). numberOfPRBsForDynamicallyScheduledPUSCHForCentralRegion 16 to 20. by terminal category) o Link sharing weights (Quality of Service (QoS) configuration) o Backhaul capacity o Troubleshoot Throughput  Check alarms  Check UE capability  Check AMBR of user service  Check parameters like dlChannelBandwidth/ redBwMaxRbDl noOfUsedTxAntennas. maxNbOfCallCapacityLicensing. errors. HARQ. cable swaps. o Position of users in the cell (implies e. interference. ThreshXHigh.

dlMimoMode. RX diversity Gain. connection setup MimoAdaptiveParaCfg (Transmission mode fixed 3/adaptive). dlChannelBandwidth. HARQ Gains Propagation Models Hata upto 1Ghz. measBdw. maximumFSSUsers. licenseCapacityDlBbCapacity. resourceAllocationStrategy. iniPrbsUl. PCI. DrxInactivityTimer. pmcMaxResultStringBlockSize. dlPollPDU. dl64QamEnable. allowedMeasBandwidth. TrmSwitch. LTE is interference limited. mtu. ulChBw. DlSchSwitch. PDCCH capacity and base-band processing capability. BtServiceWeight. mbrSelector. pMax. trafficType. dlTrmBw. PrioritisedBitRate. Maximal Ratio Combining (MRC Gain)-requires two antennas and software in UE. mIMOMode • Reducing Low CINR impact o Resource Block Group Assignments o Frequency Selective Scheduling o Inter-Cell Interference Coordination (ICIC) KPITYPE (alarm) Power is distributed along subcarriers. resType. pdb. rlcMode. tPollRetransmitDl. raLargeMcsUl. dlTransNwBandwidth. ulMinBitRate. prio. DlschStrategy (DLSCH_PRI_TYPE_RR(RR) to DLSCH_PRI_TYPE_MAX_CI(MAX C/I)). qQualMinUtra. service request. redBwEnDl. ulsBSD. rtoMax. ulsPrio. channelBandwidth. minBitrateDl. The resources managed by the uplink scheduler are block resources for PUSCH. operationalMode. ulTransNwBandwidth. defPagCyc noOfPucchSrUsers 50. ulamcSwitchPer. Traffic Marking (transport). ulatbEnable. maxBitrateDl. schedulingStrategy (round robin to strict priority). scheduling recources. dlCellPwrRed. UlschPriorityFactor. MaxReportCellNum. ulTrmBw. downlink power. nrOfSymbolsPdcch 1. use fixed interference/load margin or Monte Carlo simulation . LogicalChannelPriority. redBwMaxRbDl. redBwRpaEnUl. Qam64Enabled. UlSchSwitch. noOfRxAntennas. noOfTxAntennas The resources managed by the downlink scheduler are downlink Physical Resource Blocks. PreAllocationWeight. iniMcsDl. proportional fair scheduler. mimoOlCqiThD. hopBwPusch. RachAlgoSwitch.. qRxLevMinUtra. dlMaxHARQTx. dlMaxRetxThreshold. PRB. PDCCH. tReorderingDl. Ray Tracing (Dense Urban). maxNumAUeHo. PDSCH power boosting More users service fair  bit rate. dSrTransMax. dlRBM. ENodeBMaxRetxThreshold. high bandwidth  less power  less coverage NAS authentication. riEnable. UeMaxRetxThreshold. PwrRampingStep improved accessibility and throughput • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • PLANNING • • LINK BUDGET TX Diversity of MIMO. FddEnterDrxThd. deltaPreMsg3. Greenstien 2 Ghz. noOfPucchSrUsers. also known as the maximum allowable pathloss. ShortDrxCycle. Preamble format affects UL throughput. System gain. packLoss. ulChannelBandwidth. ulamcEdgFugEn. priority bit o Poor Uplink P0NominalPUSCH -67 to -58 uplink thorughput at the cost of network performance o Increase PreambInitRcvTargetPwr. Less users  resource fair spatial multiplexing and transmit diversity Adaptive Transmission bandwidth ulatbEventPer preamble sequence subset  uplink resources MIMO featureStateDualAntDlPerfPkg. maxNumUeDl. ulPollPDU. deltaTfEnabled. ulMaxRetxThreshold. resType. number of OFDM symbols for PDCCH PUCCH Overdimensioning feature for Rural sites DRX introduces extra delay to scheduling EnterDrxSwitch. dlChBw. ulTargetBler. UlschPriorityFactor. PHICH and base-band processing capacity. dlFrequencyAllocationProportion. PdcchSymNumSwitch. DiscardTimer.nbrUserThrFDS. 8 DRBs max per User. AqmAlgoSwitch (queueing at the cost of integrity). drbPrioDl. priority. Cost-Hata 2Ghz. SriPeriod. Propagation related parameters mean frequency dependent parameters. pucchOverdimensioning 0. occupied sub-carrier bandwidth. DlMinGbr. 100 simultaneous UEs. licenseCapacityConnectedUsers. LBBP (baseband resources). BfAlgoSwitch beamforming algo. DrxReTxTimer. Adaptive array gain. ECGI. dscp. dlMinBitRate. PucchRS. harqMaxTrDl. hopModePusch.

F 5 to 20Mhz  RSRP reduce and RSRQ increases with RSSI being constant – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Self Healing. detach. tracking area update.0. trafficModelPrb Interference Reduction. TimeToTrigger. A3Offset · neighbour cell list optimization · interference control · handover parameter optimization · Quality of Service related parameter optimization · load balancing · RACH load optimization · optimization of home base stations Adaptive Transmission bandwidth FTP and HTTP are sensitive to end-to-end delay Access Stratum b/w UE and eNodeB via RRC – RRC idle – RRC connected Non Access Stratum procedure consists of attach.255. TriggerQuantity. Low Tx power for small bandwidth.0/16 Internet Protocol – – . – EMM-DEREGISTERED: EMM-REGISTERED: MME establishes and stores the UE context ECM-IDLE: ECM-CONNECTED: S1 connection is established.0/8. and extended service request. UL load in terms of interference margin MAPL  Signal Strength threshold of Coverage based planning Best server areas should be contiguous and should not be fragmented.• • • • • • • SON – – LTE network poses also similar effects such as network breathing due to UL interference and cell range dependency upon user data rate. Hysteresis. PRACH planning is done in LTE. configuration Coverage and capacity optimization MimoAdaptiveSwitch DefDopplerLevel affects all KPIs Energy Savings Load generator ailgActive. CounterCheckTimer Inter-cell Interference Coordination over X2 interface. service request. high Tx power for large bandwidth.0. Ray Trace model for URBAN with vectors provided LTE network poses also similar effects such as network breathing due to UL interference and cell range dependency upon user data rate DL load as % of total capacity. ReportInterval. COST model is used by Nokia. Interference Rejection Combining (IRC) Beamforming Automated Configuration of Physical Cell Identity Mobility robustness optimisation Mobility Load balancing optimisation Random Access Channel Optimisation Automatic Neighbour Relation Function ROHC compression feature CounterCheckTimer. less networks (inter) but more Host (intra) B class Subnet mask 255. ReportAmount. dlPrbLoadLevel.0.301 Random Access Radio Network Temporary Identifier (RA-RNTI) Subscriber/Cell/Interface/Cell traffic/terminal/traces ROHC (Robust header compression) PORTS and TRACE rbsUeTraceEventStreamingPort streamPortPmUeTrace streamStatusPmCellTrace streamStatusPmUeTrace A class Subnet mask 255. – – – – – – – – 3GPP causes ref 24. Optimization. MaxReportCellNum.

RDR.0/24.LTEDecoder. LTEDecoder. Moshell.pl.TAU update – IDLE state o No NAS signaling b/w UE and network – CONNECTED state: o RRC b/w UE and eNodeB o S1 b/w UE and MME Ericsson tools – CCR. tracert. exceptions Ericsson Network IQ Reports COLI. Moshell/BB/RU commands. Dumpcap (network traffic) SYSTEM CRASH DUMPS baseband core. T&E.255. Filezilla (FTP). scripts). synchronization servers) to IP addresses Registered State o PDN. 0=host address.– – – – – – – – – – C class Subnet mask 255.OSS-RC. LTE troubleshooting WIKI. BCM TRACES CPP.10 Ping command. availability. MicroCPP. – Moshell. AMOS. RRT. wireshark (open source). Iperf(inject TCP/UDP packets) Iperf generates TCP/UDP traffic Netpersec monitor thorughput MMR = Channel Feedback Report (CFR) Nethawk.TET.decode.Netpersec(realtime thorughput).Japy. UE Trace Recording (UETR) Cell Trace Recording (CTR). security. dump network traffic EVENTS RB&UE Trace. UE.CDA – – – – – – – – – Web.LTELogTool.255. NSD LTE torubleshooting wiki DUMP configuration report. wireshark. board error. RRU.g NBAP X2 and S1 are using GPRS Tunneling Protocol for User data (GTP-U) to transfer the user plane traffic.TeRouter/TeViewer. arp The process of finding the new next hop after the network changes is called convergence 169. Iperf. upgrade trace. mtd-signal trace COMMAND LINE MP. Auto-integration.Multimon. Element Manager. exceptions. AMOS. Neoload (Web browsing). RBS. trace&error. Cell. Nexplorer.x. 255=network address. system. CEX. more networks (inter) but less Hosts (intra) Default gateway (eNodeB IP address): 169. RU. sniffer capture. VLC (Streaming/media).uetrace. LTELogtool LLDM for data rate diagnosis Cell Traces are streamed using TCP while UE Traces are streamed using UDP. HiCap. event.ROP – te e all Ft_RRC_ASN – te e all Ft_S1AP_ASN – te e all Ft_X2AP_ASN – te e all Ft_LTE_EXCEPTION – te e all LTE_EXCEPTION – te e all CELL_CONFIG – te e all Ft_RRC_CONN_SETUP – te e all Ft_ANR_COMMON ENIQ ericssons’ tool like Optima Moshell commands – Teviewer to view trace commands – Te enable trace – Pset UETR trace – – – – – – – – – – – – .1. equinox PM-initiated UE Measurements Layer 3 and S1/X2 (Flowfox. UE. show route SCTP is use for signaling e. EHB. trace-error. BB. audit.Hammerhead Web. HW.FlowFox. ANR.254. MMEs. autointegration. baseband LPP.LTE Trace Tools. It's an almost sure sign of a problem The Domain Name System (DNS) is used by RBSs to translate host names of other nodes (for example RBSs. LOGS alarm. ICMP reports erros of IP e.x IP addresses are self-assigned when your computer can't get an address any other way. ITK.g ping.254. TCP dump. TRUC. Agilent Cell Trace files . MTD. TCP Optimizer. Post Mortem.scheduling_parser. NCLI.

Neighbor becomes amount of offset better than serving. BTS-Log. PDCP: integrity protection and ciphering. Memory Dumper KPIs • • Delay Delay Variation Latency. Neighbor becomes better than absolute threshold. step 1 Independent of load • • • • • RSRQ = N x RSRP / RSSI. System info-9 tunneling.– – Diff for parameter audit of RNC. high BW   Value 00 (-19. 4-way receive diversity. throughput.5 Dependent on load • RSRQ -3 to -19. oscillating HO minimization – – NSN tools – TTI Trace. RLC: reliable and in-sequence transfer of information RSSI = wideband power= noise + serving cell power + interference power RSRP (dBm)= RSSI (dBm) -10*log (12*N). AMBR. LTE browser. RSRP -140 to -44 RSRQ=RSRP/(RSSI/N) = RSRP*N/(IN_n + ρ*12*N*Psc) and o . high BW  less RSRP   Value 00 (-140) to 97 (-44). MAC main configuration and physical channel configuration) including any associated dedicated NAS information and security configuration. Event B1 Event B2 threshold Inter-RAT neighbor becomes better than threshold Inter-RAT neighbor becomes better than threshold and serving becomes worse than • The RRCConnectionReconfiguration message is the command to modify an RRC connection.zip Moshell rnc7 – momd . Inter-Freq • • • • • Event A5: Serving becomes worse than absolute threshold1 AND Neighbor becomes better than another absolute threshold2. radio resource configuration (including RBs. mobility control. RoHC. Serving becomes worse than absolute threshold. step . Emil. preempt low priority users. Packet Loss Availability Service Access time is a Latency KPI • • • • • Event A1: Event A2: Event A3: Event A4: Serving becomes better than absolute threshold. ARP values COLI commands are for trouble shooting L12 features. RF Unit console. service based HO. power|pwr //list power control parameters – set primarycpichpower – pmr get specific KPI – pmom get counter – lgx. packet drop. lgo alarm – inv check licenses – KO UE capability – Te e get QCI.5) to Value 34 (-3). It may convey information for measurement configuration.

UE will report lower CQI values when using MIMO as opposed to SIMO in same RF environment (SINR). HARQ OPP) MCS and coding rate TBS • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • eNodeB Hardware   D2U V2 (1 uCCM + 3 eCEM) TRDU (remote-radio-heads comprising of amplifiers and filters). average rates. standard deviations) . MCS 0 to 28 CINR -25 to 40dB RSRP -150 to -30 RSSI -120 to 0 UE PRACH TX Power -10 to 23 dBm RSRQ 0 to -40 BLER 0 to 100% tolerable till 10% FER 0 to 100% UE categories 1(low) to highest(5) Transmission modes Mode 1 to 9 (highest). RI i suded with MIMO link quality (SINR. PSD  SINR CQI Channel Feedback Report (CFR) transport format. SIMO (tm1) GINR Gain to interference and Noise Ratio A UE is said to be ‘in session’ if any data on a DRB (UL or DL) has been transferred during the last 100 ms PHR (power headroom report). antenna ports. open/closed loop. The SINR is Channel Quality Indicator (CQI). BLER. UE will typically use lower Modulation/MCS CQI 0 to 15. 40W Tx power • DT Performance Metrics • Air Interface o UE Tx power o RSSI o SINR o BLER o Retransmission statistics (HARQ and RLC) o Transport Format o Number of resource blocks (DL/UL) o Channel rank statistics o MIMO mode (Tx diversity or Spatial Multiplexing) o Serving sector o Location (GPS) o UE Velocity • Throughput o Individual user throughput and aggregated sector throughput o UDP individual user throughput and aggregated sector throughput o TCP individual user throughput and aggregated sector throughput o User statistics (peak rates.o • • SINR=S/(IN_m) SNR -15 to 40 CINR=RSRQ UE estimates SINR based on the Power Spectral Density of the downlink RS and PSD offset between PDSCH and RS. TxD (tm2) vs. MIMO (tm3) vs.

handover/mobility control. 7. 100/20 RRS Re-estb after UE tirggered RF failure. Uplink AMC/ slow AMC. handover. MCS vs. 0 to 9 Paging Occasion = System and sub frame number SFNmode 4  40 ms THE UE reads P-SS and S-SS every 5ms to stay in synch. To transmit more PRBs. RRC. reported aperiodically on request from enodeb. is defined as the difference between the nominal UE maximum transmit power and the estimated power for PUSCH transmission PH_0= -23 ≤ PH < -22 & PH_62 = 39 ≤ PH < 40.3. 1ms.3-2. 24. NAS messages. SRS.133 PH Power headroom .211. Emergency Downgrade. dedicated NAS information and security configuration RACH procedure initial access. of scheduling bits. HO failure. RSRQ_34= -3 ≤ RSRQ 36.2.5. it means UE successfully completed the time-sync. sub-band CQI. 10ms. 24. security message. broadcasted/RRC parameters Closed Loop PC is based on UL level and quality measurements The power per subcarrier will be higher in smaller bandwidths  downlink coverage will be higher for smaller bandwidths than for larger ones Downlink AMC/fast AMC. RRC re-config failure For RSRP: RSRP based threshold for event evaluation. 50/10.1(156m) .4. Same PRACH preamble from multiple UE reaches the NW at the same time. MCS 0 to 31. RSRQ_00 = RSRQ < -19. handover. timers ref: 10. scheduling. radio resource configuration (RBs. (codebook index. connection. reported in • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • case of TM=4 Transmission mode 1-7 • • • PDCCH format 0(1)-3(8 CCEs) T is the DRX cycle or defaultPagingCycle QCI 1(Highest) to 9(Lowest) RRC Connection Reconfiguration for measurement configuration. This kind of PRACH collision is called "Contention" Preamble format 0-4 Precoding matrix 0-3.………1282 (200km) RRC function SIB. RANK 1 to 4 ♦ WCQI. Sync loss in RRC connected mode RBs/BW 25/5Mhz. paging. If UE successfully detected Cell ID/PCI. 0 to 1024 Sub-frame number.2. Low value index means UE has limited power.3-0 36.3. scheduling. The actual value is (IE value – 40)/2 dB. will affect PRACH process PMI precoding matrix indication.of layers) Table 6. BLER  modulation and coding scheme. 36. QC1 to QC9. selection/reselection CFI no.301 ESM = EPS session management. Fast Upgrade’ Current BLER and Target BLER CQI offset PESQ 4 (best) to 1(worst) SFN=system frame numer. For RSRQ: RSRQ based threshold for event evaluation. wide-band CQI reported periodically 7(best) ♦ SCQI. timers ref: 10. % scheduling HARQ TM Transmission mode 1-7.no.o • Latency o U-plane latency o Connection set up times o Handover interruption time within the same site and across different sites • • • • Open loop PC is based on path loss.213 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • CQI 0 to 15. per TTI. Related to MIMO PDCCH format 0-3 Failure to decode SIB2 by the UE. SINR CQI  modulation and coding scheme. 1(worst) to . MAC. RRC recon estb. Network not detected but signal bars are there RACH error There are 64 PRACH sequences. physical channel).301 TA 0. 75/15. The actual value is IE value – 140 dBm. bearer assignment.2. more power is required EMM = EPS mobility management. (number of OFDM symbols for PDCCH) vs.

2. P-RNTI (Paging UE identifier). Assignable bits means the amount of data in the downlink buffer available for the scheduler to schedule for this UE. follows one pattern only  • • Type2 11 random based on subband. 1D.that informs the device which RB to use and which start offset to apply. Hopping bits are  Type1 00. SI-RNTI(System information) TPC 0(-6dB) to 7(8dB)  DCI format0/3 PUSCH channel TPC 0(-4dB) to 3(4dB)  DCI format0/3 + TPC-PUSCH-C-RNTI PUCCH channel TPC 0(-1dB) to 3(3dB)  DCI format0/3 + TPC-PUSCH-C-RNTI PDSCH Power is determined in the following manner  If RS is not present in the RB of PDSCH.g. offset from RS power is defined by Pa.1. 72 bits if REG-8bits 1.HARQ.2. 2/4 layer spatial multiplexing 7.2. channel coding formats.3. which resource block carries your data. It is cell specific and changes only when there is change in system message e. Ack/Nack. Pa is signaled by higher layers and is changes every 1ms. or it cause other bearers to be dropped C-RNTI. 2 or 2A UCI Uplink scheduling control indicator. 2. 1A. (L can be 1.1A. RA-RNTI(RACH).3A • • • • • • • • • • • • RB assignment is carried in RIV (resource indication value) RB= 1 slot x 12 carriers. If RS is present then Pb and antennaPortsCount together will determine the offset.1C. DCI format 1. 1C.g if antennaPortsCount=1 and Pb=2 then Offset = -2. UE reports that info has been decoded from how many antennas. priority bit. This determines if bearer can be dropped if congestions occurs. Transmistted in PUSCH is there is data and on PUCCH otherwise. 1CCE = 9 REGs or 36 REs.10. which is UE specific offset.4.2. DCI bits and format TYPE has to be decoded 29 MSC schemes sector capacity is approximated by the harmonic mean of the MPR distribution LTE smart antenna arrays focuses the beam towards the user ARP allocation and retention priority. 1B.213. power headroom report Interference power > -104dBm Link adaptation considers PHR. SR.8) In order to get the assigned RB resources (and the location) in PDSCH.01.3-1 36. ARP DSCP differentiated servise code point. offset and mirror function. resource block RGB = 4 RBs or 48 carriers If 20Mhz. values are -6 to 3 dB. Resource Indication Value (RIV). 4 or 8 CCE(s) (1 CCE = 9 REGs = 9*4 REs = 72 bits Aggregation Level .218  • • Tranmist diversity same stream sent on diff antennas Spatial diversity means diff stream on diff antennas .1B. power control. RLC DISCARDs will trigger TCP congestion control and lower throughput BSR buffer status report 0(0KB) to 64 (15KB). recived power of UE and UL interference power QoS profile QCI. L1 signaling. AMBR. transport format. Unique to the cell PDCCH format 0(low capacity) to 3(high signaling capacity) DL Scheduling of RBs is determined TYPE & DCI format   • • • • • • • TYPE 0 to 2 DCI format 0. it contains. CQI. 100 RBs and 25 RGBs RGB subset 0.a group of 'L' CCEs. QCI is mapped to DSCP GTPU. GPRS tunneling protocol DCI Downlink scheduling control indicator.3 1 RE = 1 carrier x symbol I REG=4 RE e.• • • • • • • • • • • • • RI Rank indicator.

Poor link adaptation.0. PDCCH). Pcmax is max UE power   p-Max 23 dBm PuMax o MPR (max power reduction) table 6. longer transmission period is allocated for user with the one grant. cell edge user cannot use srs-BandwidthConfig range 0(high bw) to 7 (Low bw) srs-Bandwidth range 0 (whole band) to 3 narrowest band Scheduling techniques   • • • • • • • • In dynamic scheduling.0. Broadcast. Instead. It is given in DCI-0 Assigned PRBs in layer3  In order to save signaling bits on the downlink control channel (physical downlink control channel. the resources are distributed in 1 ms intervals. UL TPC  Dedicated control info • • • Uplink scheduling information (DCI format 0) Downlink scheduling information (DCI format 1/1A/1B/2/2A) PUSCH/PUCCH TPC commands (DCI format 3/3A) .4-1 36. BSR. SIB.7. • • • • • • • • • • Alpha range 0.0.1.4. It is used as path loss compensation factor as a trade-off between total uplink capacity and cell edge-data rate. Common SRS is also called Cell Specific SRS and Dedicated SRS is also called UE Specific SRS. Higher value will be good for cell edge user but not for the overall capacity due to high uplink power Short and Long DRX cycles are configured to trade off battery saving and latency PBR prioritized bit rate timeAlignmentTimer RBG a group of radio bearer with similar QoS requirements SRS uplink scheduling. PHR. MAC CE.101  additionalSpectrumEmission =1 them MPR =0dB • • RIV resource indication values indicates the starting position and number of RBs assigned.2. a resource indication value (RIV) is derived which is signaled in the downlink control information on the PDCCH.0.5.0. MAC control info 1 PDCCH = 8 DCIs PDCCH  Carries common control info RACH response. fixed resources TB RB Power is the power of 1 RB TX Power is the power of all assigned RBs TTI is subframe=1msec A cyclic shift in the time domain (post IFFT in the OFDM modulation) is equivalent to a phase rotation in the frequency domain (pre-IFFT in the OFDM modulation). SRS is uplink counterpart of CQI report for downlink scheduling Cylic shifts and sub-carrier offsets and used to define transmission combs for UEs or in other words schedule reference signals of UE.• • • Cyclic Delay Diversity (CDD) Addition of antenna specific cyclic shifts Fast Power control is per slot Pcmax = min(p-Max. Quick link adaptation In persistent scheduling. these two parameters are not explicitly signaled.0.Pumax).6.9.8. paging.0.

CFI= 3 for 1. 3 and 5 MHz system bandwidths and CFI= 2 for 10. Check RF conditions. of scheduling bits. MCS vs. RACH parameters • T304 Intra-LTE Hanodver failure • TAC/LAC update • CFI no. (number of OFDM symbols for PDCCH) vs. % scheduling HARQ.• CASES • Difference betwwen RRC or RAB congestion • PRACH.4. not observable from TEMS. 15 and 20 MHz system bandwidths • Throughput was low because of low BSR and PHR • No PHR left in the UE .

Questions? • Sounding reports • SRS • MAC layer o MACContentionTimer o TATimerLength .

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