# Department Of Electronics and Communication Lesson Plan

SUBJECT: CONTROL SYSTEMS

CODE: EC2255

AIM To familiarize the students with concepts related to the operation analysis and stabilization of control systems OBJECTIVES • To understand the open loop and closed loop (feedback ) systems • To understand time domain and frequency domain analysis of control systems required for stability analysis. • To understand the compensation technique that can be used to stabilize control systems 1. CONTROL SYSTEM MODELING 9 Basic Elements of Control System – Open loop and Closed loop systems - Differential equation - Transfer function, Modeling of Electric systems, Translational and rotational mechanical systems - Block diagram reduction Techniques - Signal flow graph 2. TIME RESPONSE ANALYSIS 9 Time response analysis - First Order Systems - Impulse and Step Response analysis of second order systems - Steady state errors – P, PI, PD and PID Compensation, Analysis using MATLAB 3. FREQUENCY RESPONSE ANALYSIS 9 Frequency Response - Bode Plot, Polar Plot, Nyquist Plot - Frequency Domain specifications from the plots - Constant M and N Circles - Nichol’s Chart - Use of Nichol’s Chart in Control System Analysis. Series, Parallel, series-parallel Compensators - Lead, Lag, and Lead Lag Compensators, Analysis using MATLAB. 4. STABILITY ANALYSIS 9 Stability, Routh-Hurwitz Criterion, Root Locus Technique, Construction of Root Locus, Stability, Dominant Poles, Application of Root Locus Diagram - Nyquist Stability Criterion Relative Stability, Analysis using MATLAB 5. STATE VARIABLE ANALYSIS & DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS 9 State space representation of Continuous Time systems – State equations – Transfer function from State Variable Representation – Solutions of the state equations - Concepts of Controllability and Observability – State space representation for Discrete time systems. Sampled Data control systems – Sampling Theorem – Sample & Hold – Open loop & Closed loop sampled data systems. TOTAL : 45 PERIODS TEXTBOOK: 1. 2. J.Nagrath and M.Gopal,” Control System Engineering”, New Age International Publishers, 5th Edition, 2007. M.Gopal, “Control System – Principles and Design”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2nd Edition, 2002.

REFERENCES:

Generalized error coefficient II 185-187 187-190 190-201 201-205 .1.Gopal. open loop system And Closed loop system Differential Equation . ’Linear control system analysis and design’. John J.1995. A. ramp.parabolic .impulse) Time response of first order systems Time response of second order systems. Block diagram reduction methods Determination of signal flow graph Tutorial T1 T1 1-5 22-30 4 I T1 31-57 4 T1 57-65 3 2 T1 65-76 UNIT II TIME RESPONSE ANALYSIS S. Inc.Houpis. 1995.. 1999. Benjamin. Transfer function Modelling of electric systems. Tata McGrow-Hill. “ Modern Control Systems”.(unit step. 3. Translational systems.C. “Automatic control systems”. Dorf & Robert H. Addidon – Wesley. M. Schaum’s Outline Series. TMH. 6.D’azzo & Constantine H. 2007. Prentice Hall of India. 2. 5.’Feedback and Control Systems’ Tata McGrawHill. 2007. UNIT I CONTROL SYSTEM MODELLING S. 2nd Edition. 7th Edition. 4. Richard C. Bishop.No Date Hours Topics Unit No of T/R periods Book to be required 2 2 2 2 T1 T1 T1 T1 Page No 1 2 3 4 Test signals. Digital Control and State Variable Methods. RBA Publications. ‘ Advanced Control Theory’.Nagoor Kani.Kuo. Rotational mechanical systems. Type and order of system. Simple electro mechanical systems Block diagram representation of systems.No Date Hours Topics Unit No of periods to be required 1 1 T/R Book Page No 1 2 3 4 5 6 System Concept : Basic Elements. Second edition.

Gain and phase margin Frequency Domain specifications from the plots . Lead.Parallel.Constant M and N Circles Nicholas Chart Series. Gain and phase margin Stability analysis using Nyquist plot .Lead-Lag Compensators Tutorial UNIT IV 327-334 338-348 3 T1 T1 T2 R1 T2 T2 334-338 361 539-564 613-624 633-639 479-494 III 3 3 3 3 2 STABILITY ANALYSIS S.PI.SeriesParallel Compensators.5 6 and steady state error. P.Lag.No Date Hours Topics Unit No of T/R periods Book to be required 1 3 T1 T1 Page No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Introduction to frequency domain analysis Stability analysis using Bode plot . Routh-Hurwitz Criterion Root Locus Technique Construction of Root Locus Stability.PID Compensation Tutorial UNIT III 2 2 T1 208-212 FREQUENCY RESPONSE ANALYSIS S.No Date Hours Topics Unit No of T/R periods Book to be required 2 2 2 1 T1 T1 T1 T1 Page No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Stability. Dominant Poles Application of Root Locus Diagram Nyquist Stability Criterion Relative Stability Tutorial 250-269 277-280 281-315 281-315 281-315 IV 1 3 1 2 T1 T1 361-389 361-389 UNIT V STATE VARIABLE ANANLYSIS AND DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS .PD. Gain and phase margin Stability analysis using Polar plot .

S.No Date Hours Topics Unit No of T/R periods Book to be required Page No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 State space representation of Continuous Time systems – State equations Transfer function from State Variable Representation Solutions of the state equations Concepts of Controllability and Observability State space representation for Discrete time systems Sampled Data control systems Sampling Theorem Sample & Hold Open loop & Closed loop sampled data systems Tutorial 2 1 1 1 V 2 T1 T1 T2 T1 T2 T1 T2 T1 556-573 548-555 779 584-595 898-906 596-604 907-916 574-577 1 1 1 R6 R6 229-231 232-234 Staff Incharge Signature HOD .