Eddy Egan Tuliszewski

March 28, 2007 Period ½

Page 315 #17-22 17. Describe the relationship between DNA, chromatin, histones, and nucleosomes.  Chromatin is tightly compacted DNA. This DNA is tightly coiled around proteins called histones and the DNA and histones together form and beadlike structure called a nucleosome. 18. What is the difference between introns and exons?  Introns - sequence of DNA that is not involved in coding for a protein  Exons - expressed sequence of DNA; codes for a protein 19. What is a codon?  Three-nucleotide sequence on messenger RNA that codes for a single amino acid 20. What is an anticodon? How does it function?  A group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementary to an mRNA codon 21. If a code on a DNA molecule for a specific amino acid is CTA, what would be the messenger RNA codon? The transfer RNA codon?  mRNA - GUA  tRNA - GAU 22. Explain why controlling the proteins in an organism controls the organism’s characteristics.  The proteins in an organism make up the DNA which therefore controls the organism’s characteristics.

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