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December 18, 2006 Period ½
20. What is meant by the concentration of a solution? Give a specific example of concentration involving volume and mass. - The concentration of a solution is the mass of solute in a given of solution, or mass/volume. An example is 12 grams of salt in 3 liters of water, the concentration of the solution would be 12 g/3 L or 4 g/L. 21. Describe the process of diffusion. Name and describe the condition that exists when the diffusion of a particular substance is complete. - Diffusion is the process by which molecules tend to move from an area where they are more concentrated to an area where they are less concentrated. The condition that exists when the diffusion of a particular substance is complete is equilibrium and happens when the concentration of a solute is the same throughout. 22. What is the relationship between osmosis and diffusion? By definition, what’s the only substance that carries out osmosis? - Osmosis is the diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane. By definition water is the only substance that carries out diffusion. 23. Using the example of a cell in a sugar solution, explain what is meant by an isotonic solution. - An isotonic solution has the same concentration in the cell that is outside of the cell in a solution. Otherwise stated as “Same Strength.” 24. Name and describe the cell structure that helps prevent damage to certain cells when they are subjected to high osmotic pressure. - Osmosis exerts a pressure known as osmotic pressure on the hypertonic side of a selectively permeable membrane. When water comes into the cell the same amount of water should come out of the cell to keep it balanced.