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Drills for Practical Self-Defense
1992 - David Elwood ISBN# 0-9635343-6-X This book is the exclusive right of David Elwood. No portion of the contents of this book may be reproduced without the written consent of the author. This book is intended to assist experienced martial artists in their training. The drills and techniques listed here are potentially dangerous. Great care must be taken when training in any martial art and special care is necessary when training these particular drills. The author and publisher are not responsible for any harm inflicted by training these drills.
This book is dedicated to: Dan Inosanto for showing me the power of knowledge, Paul Vunak for showing me the power of experience, Professor Wally Jay for showing me the power of a gentler spirit, and Graciella Casillas for showing me the power of a mean right hand. My special thanks to all the schools and instructors that offered up their favorite training routines. The schools and practitioners that contributed to this work were from various styles and in various locations across the U.S.. My thanks to Rick Tucci at PAMA for his example as a martial artist. I would like to thank Ken Stromsland, Ian McCallum, Gary Grezsak, and Dave Graziano for their help on the project. My thanks also go out to all my supporters and friends in the martial arts, including Henry Strom, Bob Cook and Wes Tasker. Like anything else that I do, this work would not be possible without the support and love of my family. I wish to thank my wife, Jackie for her undying commitment to my welfare.
......Contents Introduction ................................... 40 Conditioning ............................ 43 Sparring .................................. 15 Strength ......................................................................................................................................... 11 Attribute Development ... 68 Multiple Opponents .................................................................................................................. 88 5 ................................................................................................................................................. 6 Reality . 32 Precision ................................................................................. 84 Summary .......... 77 Attitude Modification ......... 14 Speed . 45 Weapons ........................................................ 37 Sensitivity ......................................... 9 Offensive Levels of Combat .............................................................................................................................
it is meant to open up training practices that could save your life. a martial artist faces a street-fighter and finds himself out-punched. or with unrealistic rules. Once out. his only fight was to keep himself in the water. glazed-eyed trout ready to expire with only a feeble flip or two of fight left in him. The least that you can gain is an understanding of the ways that a martial artist can train for realistic situations. Too often. This book is written to help you train in all elements. People are faced with some tough situations. He is also “out of his element” because he may have only trained in one range.Introduction The expression “fish out of water” conjures up images of a panting. 6 . out-kicked and beaten to the ground. he is dead. In fact.
attribute enhancement. They are. weapons drills. Attribute enhancement takes a talent that you already possess and makes it better. and attitude modification. speed. sometimes with a counter. The drills outlined here are some of the most important drills for fighting. sparring. Strength is required in any physical contest but the strength required to move your opponent around is slightly different and can be trained 7 . Most of them will be drills that should be trained with a partner. and all instructors have methods for providing their students with the necessary protection. strength. All instructors want to prepare their students for a “street” fight.All styles claim to train a martial artist against an attack “in the street. For training purposes. These types of drills are common in many schools but there are some drills done in schools that more closely mimic the energy and response seen in actual attacks. multiple attack drills. or basic self-defense (defense and attack with partner remaining stationary). There are several types of drills done in the training hall to make a martial artist more proficient in fighting. They can be generally placed into several categories such as. art and form enhancement (kata)." This expression is heard in all dojos and training halls in every country in the world. we will concentrate on those attributes that affect the outcome of a fight. You must try these drills to “get the feel” of being attacked. They take an attack and defend against it. sensitivity and conditioning. The total truth is that most training halls offer pieces of good information without training in the element of a real fight. form enhancement (kick/punch in air). Response drills are used to increase speed and are sometimes called one-step sparring. You might also want to add some drills which stress a range or type of contact that you are unfamiliar with to make yourself a more complete fighter. Reality training is nothing more than taking your existing drills and modifying them to reflect the reality of a “street” battle.
Precision is a very important characteristic. This is the only way to train. Real multiple opponent drills can be shown with and without timing but including effective striking. Sensitivity is the way that you “feel” your opponent striking and moving. Finally. If you don’t train hard in your school. Remember. Set yourself up to fail and then conquer yourself by winning. It can make the difference in a fight by helping you hit where you aim. but in various ways and with various rules. you won’t be able to defend yourself in battle. Challenge yourself to be the best that you can. when you are training with a partner. you can boost your defense and make yourself a versatile fighter. Sparring is done in most martial arts schools. 8 . We will go into detail regarding sparring with reality in mind. Conditioning should be trained along with the other attributes to give you enough energy to stay in the fight. to always go 100%. though not stressed in most schools. By adding permissible strikes (such as groin and kidney strikes) and training carefully.readily. This attribute is invaluable in striking your opponent while protecting yourself. a method of enhancing your awareness will be illustrated along with a way of making your attacks more aggressive by the proper mental preparation. Weapons training will be shown that reflects actual assault statistics and modes of attack.
If an experienced .Reality Street fights (or bar fights) fall generally into three categories. and fights where one is an experienced fighter. The best thing that he does is to hit his opponent without getting hit. gouge eyes. however. but the most common injury would be a bruise or two (or maybe a broken nose). The inexperienced fighters can sometimes damage each other. you will see almost immediately if one or the other has some training or experience. or hit with unusual weapons. The average fight between inexperienced fighters can last from one to five minutes with neither combatant causing any serious harm. can damage his opponent in almost any way. He puts his opponent out of the fight and makes sure he stays out. however. The streetfighter that knows his business. His only goal is to have his opponent down on the ground and helpless. bruise ribs and knee groins. If two fighters start to go at it. 9 A practiced streetfighter uses any method to win. usually ends the fight You may be off balance … in the first 10 seconds. fights where neither person knows how to fight. The experienced fighter. He can kick knees. fights involving two good fighters. The most unusual thing about a fight with an experience fighter is that it is over quickly.
however. If you have no experience in ground fighting (or fighting in another specific range). then you need to train yourself for this area. then he usually can remain standing and knock the fight out of him. they just may not train properly for it.fighter can see his combatant. You need to hit and not get hit. an experienced fighter can be taken to the ground by his combatant. wrestling and pushing until one is on top or the other has escaped. You need to control the fight when you can. You need to train yourself to handle any situation. Reality is a common denominator of martial arts. often end up on the ground together. 10 . You need to win by any means and at his expense. You need to fight at whatever level and whatever range your opponent may force you into. Almost all martial artists know what happens in a fight. You need to beat the streetfighter at his own game. Some assailants feel very comfortable with ground fighting (like a wrestler) and some others can just overpower you. Inexperienced fighters. Occasionally.
When a mugger holds a gun to your head. and those crimes vary in each state. specifically for “deadly force”. Your response to her could be anger. He should be destroyed completely. and then laughs and acts as if he will kill you anyway. streetfighter. Most schools perform a strict set of self-defense maneuvers which defend by striking with an elbow. You may be surprised.Offensive Levels of Combat When a woman cuts you off in traffic. but not violent blows. this is real life-threatening aggression. on the other hand. You should learn the crimes that can be defended with deadly force in your state. Deadly force is the right of the people to kill their attacker in defense of certain crimes. The level of danger to you is quite high. your defense to him (if you choose to defend yourself) should be as if you were going to die. whatever the circumstance. knee or punch. there is so much unity that a serious life-threatening situation is often not trained for 11 . outraged man. Somewhere between these two examples lies your response to every other attacker. demands your money. The woman who has cut you off in traffic is not attempting to hurt you. The law also has guidelines set. In some soft-style schools. and traffic offender. the response for every attack is violent. drunken bum. you generally don’t get out of the car and drag her out to the street for a beating. You need to suit your response to their attack. In most schools. The attack could be either a lapel grab or a choke. but the attacker still gets mangled with a punch and a kick. She has accidentally attacked you without aggression and the level of danger to you may have been small. or kill you. You know that there is a level of aggression that you must choose when you are attacked in any way. Depending on the law.
Blending and flowing in their defenses. 12 . these schools often don’t train with boxers who can really hit. The answer to this problem lies in the combining of both systems and the philosophy of levels of offense.aggressively.
controlling type response or you can strike hard to destroy your attacker 13 .You have many choices when attacked You can choose a softer.
not only to sparring. It would be impossible to lengthen your arms or legs but. perhaps inexperienced practitioner. or maybe had better timing. he is a veteran of 10 or 20 years. What is it that makes him so good? The answer is that he had what it took that day to beat you. Perhaps he has a longer reach than you. or longer legs. He is always just a fraction out of reach. This book is not only about attribute training because these characteristics should relate to an altercation. you can make yourself faster and better able to handle his attack. Some of these can be trained and some are inherent. There are many books devoted to sparring and ring fighting. All the drills contained here relate to combat! 14 . but sometimes he is a young. These are all attributes of your opponent. through training.Attribute Development Every martial artist has faced an opponent in sparring who seems to be untouchable. More often than not. he can hit you and make you wonder why you got out of bed that morning. He could have been faster. You can develop your sparring talent (including speed) in other ways.
There is a simple self-defense drill used in many schools to enhance response time. Drill #1 . While not necessary for this drill. You can wear some hand protection. You need to react quickly to an attack and counter quickly if you want to win. All of us have been surprised by an attack and. The first example will train reaction time with strictly defensive speed. 15 . They can be defensive only. It also lends itself to many variations. defensive and then offensive. or totally offensive. These drills can be done in many ways and will additionally enhance several other traits such as timing.Defensive speed Stand facing your partner at arms length and choose one person to deliver while the other defends. preferably open fingered padded gloves. range (spatial relationship). and mental toughness. Remember that you can change the drills to suit your personal strengths or to diminish your weaknesses so that you can get the most from them.Speed The first drills for increasing speed in fighting are the response and reaction drills. without defensive training. response/reaction drills can train reaction time (the time it takes to counter after you see or feel an attack) or response time (the time after you begin your counter until you actually strike). A proper defense is most important in a fight. your chances of being put out of the fight are great. these gloves will protect your hands for practice but give you the sensitivity and maneuverability to defend yourself. Drill #1 is very common but it can never be trained enough.
Block just enough to deflect the strike. stop the attack from coming within range to strike you. Change the response to a parry. 17 . Have your partner swing widely at first to strike your head and body. Block it outward just enough to clear it from hitting you. As you become faster and more proficient. that is. Defend at first by blocking outward with your hand or forearm. Try not to reach outward to the strike as this will open up your defense. Initially you should remain stationary to limit the effect of lower body movement on the range from your opponent. Do not be preoccupied with striking the arm. Start slowly and build on this drill until it is smooth and fast.Perform an outside block. You only need to reach far enough to defend the strike from coming within your space. you may want to angle your body backwards and to one side to take some of the energy off his strike. Parry the attacking hand inward. One counter will be more effective depending on your body position and the relative strength of your partner. sometimes curving your hand over your partners hand. You will notice that the faster strikes will be difficult to stop but try to get your speed up to catch the strike. The type of counter (block or parry) is not important since you are training your reaction time. Try to stop the attack from entering into your space.
duck. This will just keep him from hitting you. You can also block. straighten your arm out to contact your partner’s upper arm or shoulder while he is throwing the strike. For the bob and weave. you can do an elbow or hand destruction. Your response now can include a bob and weave. parry. but we haven’t hit your partner yet. If desired. or Duck under the strike. it is purely defensive. 18 . Have him add tighter swings (more like hooks in boxing). Duck under high strikes by bending at the knees.Bob and weave. For the shoulder stop. a shoulder roll. make sure that you bend forward at the waist. Shoulder or biceps stop to the strike. but keep your eyes on you partner. Have your partner add straight punches while you remain stationary. This may seems like an offensive move. or perform a shoulder/upper arm stop. or just cover up and take it.
his hand will be loose. timing the punch to hit him before he hits you.Do a shoulder roll. for now. if he is not prepared to hit. Have your partner add high kicks for balance and for you to defend the high attack. Try to limit the movement of your feet to train your reaction time. The hand destruction is similar. an evasion. When you cover up for the hook. For some kicks. try to keep the range (distance from your partner) constant. Move the lower body laterally with the strike to take the power away from it. thrust kicks. round kicks. you could break his fingers. You can also stop 19 . His hand should strike your elbow before he hits you. They can be side kicks. Defend the high kicks by a two-handed stop. When you hit it. Try to stop the motion of the foot by blocking the leg and foot as it approaches. Be careful with this one because. you will need to move to react. Add the motion of the lower body to make this drill more like sparring but. If your partner tries to throw a straight punch. hook (heel) kicks. a jam. move the lead (or rear) elbow up so that it is in line with the strike. Use the elbow destruction against a punch. Perform the two-handed stop on round kicks and hook kicks. stopping it with your body. lift your hand to your ear and take the blow on the arm and hand. A jam can be done with the knee. however. the foot. wheel or crescent kicks. but you must throw a punch to his hand. Go into the leg as it is being thrown toward you. The elbow destruction is a lift of the elbow in line with the punch. or a parrying motion. or the whole body.
Train your reaction to jam or move with little energy. Your low line defense should almost be independent of what is happening above because you need to concentrate on defending other attacks. Defend these kicks by scooping the kick with a circular block or a back step to get out of the range. a foot stop or just by lifting the foot. Try to maintain the proper range for this drill. a two-handed stop. committing you to a certain movement or direction). Have your partner add low and mid-line kicks and sweeps.the leg with a foot stop by hitting the leg as it is being thrown. Sweeps and attacks to the ankle can be defended by using a switch step. Mid-line kicks include side kicks and round kicks. since it still leaves you time to counter (without Defend with a knee lift. 20 . The round kicks can be stopped with a knee jam or. Don’t lose sight of the fact that you are training in response time. either kicking range or punching range. if they are high enough. The knee can also jam your partner so that his kick is never thrown. Evasion is the best choice.
Perform the two hand stop. You can use a stopping parry (meeting his jab with your palm in line with his punch). a mouthpiece. a cup and boxing gloves for this drill (optional gear can include shin pads).Defensive/Offensive Speed We can build on the first drill by adding a counter to your partner’s strike. but you will be responding to his attack by throwing an attack of your own. foot. This drill trains both timing and speed. Boxers have done this type of training for many years. You will be responding as quickly as you can to his original strike. Remember to wear headgear. then respond with a jab (front hand) of your own. You can use your rear hand to parry the strike. 21 . Both you and your partner will be striking but only you will be training in speed. This drill will train both you and your partner to strike correctly. Have your partner throw a jab (front hand) at your head. Jam the kick with your Drill #2 . The simplest exercise is to face your opponent in a boxing stance with one foot forward (usually the left for a right-handed person).
you Do this drill with the straight right hand too.when he hits your parrying hand . Parry the strike slightly inward. 22 . You will hear a “one-two” sound as each parrying hand is struck. can throw the right hand and you can counter by doing a shoulder roll. This drill will train your movement and response time together.You jab . A shoulder roll is a bending-away motion that absorbs the punch on your left shoulder (in a left stance).you should start to punch and he will parry the strike. There should be a rhythm of hits . Use this sound in your training by trying to make the time between the “one-two” shorter. You can time this strike to hit when his hand strikes your parrying hand. You can respond with a right punch of your own. stepping right if necessary or slightly outward with a curving hand. Your partner jabs . Your partner parry.Your partner parries. Remember that this is a drill in learning to respond (hit) faster. Train to counter as quickly as possible. stepping left.
Your partner throws Jab Jab Jab Jab Right hand Right hand Right hand Left hook Left hook Front kick You can use this countering drill with several other strikes.Front side kick to his knee Curving hand parry .Front kick to his knee Parry . too.Jab Front hand block .Right cross Parry . Remember that the list on the next page is only a sample of the kind of response drills that will train your reaction and response times.Counter left hand Evade . The strikes for this drill are all parried or blocked first before you returning strike.Rear oblique kick to his knee Front hand parry .Counter right hand (step left) Bob and weave/counter right hook Cover up . You should invent your own drills You throw Parry-Jab Front hand parry . and you scoop his Shoulder roll to evade.Your jab is scooped by your partner … jab.Front kick 23 .
Side kick Curving hand block . 24 .Side kick Knee lift to block … then respond with a kick.
These are only a 25 . Start last and finish first. When you partner throws his jab. You can move just your head. Remember. You can also use a shifting motion (putting your weight either toward one foot or the other. either sideways or backwards. Don’t worry about defensive motions now. You can move one foot. Use your body’s twisting and bending motion (body mechanics) and foot position to get there before you partner.Offensive Speed To really speed up your offense. to mover your body out of the way. this is not an exercise in hitting your best friend.Drill #3 . Remember to keep your eyes on him at all times. It becomes a battle to see which of you can hit first. You can sometimes use a ducking motion (bending forward at the waist). You can bend back at the waist to get away from his strike. fire your jab as soon as you see him moving. Try to get out of his way just enough and to hit him just before he hits you. either sideways or backwards. The body mechanics that you use should be motions which just get you clear of his strike. allowing the body to shift slightly). Counter the right hand with a jab …or your own right hand. you need to modify the previous drill. you should only fire after he does and you should expect to get hit occasionally.
Listed on the next page are some offensive reactions to your partner’s strikes.few ways to use body mechanics in your defense. To accomplish this. Start to experiment by moving around your partner while he is striking you. The timing of your strike is very important because you should hit before he completes his punch. Sometimes. This is you ultimate goal in training speed. 26 . you can control when you hit your partner. Make sure you work off of his timing. Do not start sparring yet because this is still a drill in hitting speed. You will depend on footwork and body mechanics (shifting) to get just out of his range. Now you are ready to add the lower body motion. Once you are proficient in this timing. Try hitting him twice before he can hit you once with a double jab or perhaps a jab-cross combination. then put yourself in range to strike back. Experiment with this drill until you are hitting your opponent when you want to. Try shifting and moving to get away. or even before his punch reaches you. then strike him. after his punch. Remember that this is only a small sample of the attacks that can be used to counter your opponent’s strikes. He must throw first to give you the signal to hit. Work all of your offensive moves off of his offensive moves. simultaneous with his punch. try to just evade his strike and counter his next strike. you will be slipping and moving to defend against his strike while putting yourself into range to strike him. to hit your opponent after he throws a strike but before he hits you. Work only on the reaction and response to his strike. Your response should still be to his stimulus (a punch or kick).
Try a jab-hook combination if he slips the jab or a jab-cross combination if he backs up. his stance. try to hit him as he moves. 27 . Try to modify your second hit to follow his changing position.Your partner throws Jab Jab Straight right Looping right Looping right Front thrust kick Right round kick (high) Side kick Right uppercut You throw Jab Front kick Jab Right hand Rear kick Front thrust kick Right hand Thrust (jamming) Right hook kick This drill can also train rhythm if you counter with combinations. Try to change the basic rhythm of your attack against his strike. See which rhythm is best for you. or his defensive position (hand position/body position). Observe his defense and counter his movement. Your partner may adjust his range (distance from you). then change to a pause between the 1-2. Respond with a 1-2 combination.
a martial artist doesn’t need a partner to train speed. You should strike as fast as you can. Training with music can also help you with rhythm because you will follow the basic Perform a front kick before pattern of the music. Have your partner face you in a defensive stance. but this book is about training for an altercation. Let’s put a person in the picture. This can help you by confusing your opponent which will help you to strike him. This exercise depends on some stimulus and a measure of the response time. There are a few focus pads available that provide the trainee with a sound or a light and begin a timer that ends when the trainee hits the pad. This equipment is perfect for training responsiveness of speed. age and see how this affects your drill. Don’t worry that you can only react to this type of stimulus. He can be the trainer and call out a name. Change the rhythm periodically during sparring to practice with different rhythm patterns. You 28 . Using this equipment. or make a small movement. Drill #4 .Try to be unpredictable in your rhythm because your opponent will work off of it to counter and strike you. make some distinctive noise. Change the he can reach you with his type of music from rap to new front kick.Response Drill Another type of drill to enhance your speed is called a response drill. Try also to be unpredictable in your rhythm during sparring so you can train yourself to change during a fight.
your balance. You should always make it difficult for yourself to succeed.are training your muscles to move faster. turn you head to face sideways. Now when you hear the signal. strike from this neutral position. Start to feel how a very fast punch is thrown. React at the sound and strike hard and fast! 29 . Throw the right cross. Change the strike to a kick. Your only goal is to move as fast as you can. lean you head forward during a jab to see if this makes the strike any faster. and then perform at your peak. Try to really hit him before he can stop the punch. You will notice that a kick generally moves slower than a punch because of increased muscle mass and the shifting of React at a shout. Change you stance now to a neutral position. See if you can shift (maneuver) your body to make the hand reach him faster. This will put you at a disadvantage to hit your partner. Make you body learn the correct way to throw a fast punch. For instance. Try to minimize the effects of the shifting of balance by explosively kicking at your partner. Put your arms down. Challenge yourself! Start from a fighting stance and react at the sound explosively! Throw the front hand to your trainer’s head while he just parries the strike.
React at a body 30 .React at a clap. movement.
Knot the flexible thread above and below the ball to prevent slipping. Use this drill if you cannot work with a partner. Change the tension to challenge yourself when you are trying to hit the ball.Drill #5 . If you have it too tight. Drill a hole right through the ball and insert heavy flexible thread (available at a cloth shop) through it. It is called a speed ball and is available from some boxing catalogs. If the ball is not moving enough for you.Speed With Equipment There is one piece of equipment that is useful in promoting hitting speed. you should either tighten or loosen it to get more action. The object is to hit the ball as often as possible in a set amount of time. the ball won’t move. Use the other drills mentioned before with a partner and remember to always try your hardest. too loose and the motion will be too slow. but don’t rely on it to train your fighting speed. You can make a speed ball by buying a soft. Attach both ends of the thread to the floor and ceiling and modify the tension to get the ball moving fast. light rubber ball about 3 inches in diameter. 31 .
The strength required to move a person is dramatically different than that required for a rigid weight. consult an expert on the proper form and exercises to do. The stronger fighter that knows how to use his strength can defeat a fast opponent with one punch. You need to apply that strength. You may be training differently than a bodybuilder or a powerlifter.Strength Strength is a very important part of a physical contest. You want to train your muscles to move heavy objects very quickly. Weightlifting is one way to get strong without a partner. It combines the speed and reaction time of 32 . It helps if you start training toward this goal from the beginning. The primary manner of increasing you strength is by weightlifting. You must learn to reach deep into yourself and expert all of your strength to combat your adversary. Then. It is not really enough to just be strong. The repetitions may be lower and the weight may be higher to train your particular type of strength. As with any physical fitness program. Drill #6 . but we want to get stronger against a partner. There are many books out which can help you develop strength by lifting and there are many pieces of equipment that can give you overall strength. You need to be able to shift and maneuver your strength for a moving opponent. The speed of repetitions may also be faster. It may be cheaper for you to have your own equipment and to train at home but training at a gym will make you work harder.Strength Sumo Drill A Sumo type drill is a great way to gain useful strength against another person. check with you doctor first to see if you have any physical reasons not to lift.
One way to use this action is to apply a small force in one direction (push to one side).in close fighting. at a signal. you are trying to train strength! Add leg sweeps to train awareness below the waist. Try “rocking” and “jerking” to upset your opponent. As soon as he is upset. then upset him with a jerk in another direction. Face your partner and. Another way for you to be systematic in your jerking energy is by “rocking” you partner (back and forth) to get his energy (response) timed with your attack. Try “grounding” to defend against the push. A jerking energy should be used to upset your opponent’s balance and to maneuver him into a position to be pushed out. Outline a circle or a square on the floor. Try not to hit each other. you should push him out of the circle. then shift to another direction with a great jerking force. but your major effort should be to push your opponent out of the circle. attempt to push your opponent out of the circle. Remember. the sensitivity of knowing when to shift (side to side motion) and push (forward and back motion). You should be using several different types of strength and power to move your opponent. This jerking action can be random in direction and intensity. 33 . and the overall strength to push your opponent where you want him to go.
It relies mainly on a straight line push from the ground through the legs and hips and out through the arms. Use you waist and legs to repulse you partner. Try to control the fight mentally by using your mind to tremendously enhance your An explosive push to move body’s strength. very powerful at calling up energy to use in a n altercation. This sounds difficult. This reaching inside will give you a massive amount of short time energy. You mind is your opponent. Try this repeatedly and you will find yourself getting very tired from the exertion. Keep you legs slightly bent and sit back on your hips. Tai-chi practitioners can learn to move with practice but normally stay motionless while being attacked. The only problem is the adjustment to the ground while you are moving. You must reach inside yourself to move your training partner explosively and powerfully. then repel their opponent with this grounded push. It will be an immense combination of mental energy and focus.Another type of power is the pushing (grounded) energy. The third type of power that can be used is called up from inside of you. You can learn the basics of grounding in a Tai-chi class. Practice an explosive grounded push to throw your partner out of the ring. Train yourself to do this a much as you can. Use a loud shout (sometime called a kiai) to help you call this energy up. 34 . This is one of the best ways to train the mental discipline required to perform at your peak. but with practice you can upset your opponent easily.
Work with partners that are of different sizes to gain quickness or strength from the drill. For example. In wrestling. The only problem with using wrestling as a training method is that the fight is not over at the pin. 35 . The wrestler is another “fish out of water” when he has you pinned because he expects that the game is over. It will give you the power and speed to shift your position in order to focus your strength in various directions. Perform a double leg takedown.Drill #7 . but we are only interested in the strength training aspect of western wrestling. the players are awarded points for takedowns. Begin in this position.Strength By Wrestling Western wrestling is another good way to train strength. and pins. You should try to overpower your opponent if possible. escapes. he can be defeated by an opponent who is on his back (by an arm lock or choke).
36 . the ground. Use different takedowns.Train for speed and strength. arm locks) or try to wrap him up (grapevine. Tie your opponent up and try to control him. Attempt single and double leg takedowns. Shift and maneuver yourself Finish with a pin if to get your partner down. Learn to control the head and the arms. or try from the ground position. Some scenes from this free-style wrestling are shown here. but you should try to control him using joint locks (arm bars. leg control). Every hold can be countered. you should strive for a hold on your opponent. Adopt a traditional wrestling stance standing and go for a takedown. Once on possible.
Your partner should hold the pads out so that you can see them while he moves around trying to evade your strikes.Precision With Focus Pads To practice hitting with precision from boxing range. Fight a three minute round. You may want to wrap or tape your fingers to protect them until they become strong enough to do this drill hard. visualizing the target as you strike. Drill #8 . use focus pads. Try to hit the exact center. making sure to only hit with your fingers. Your opponent is going to be two feet in diameter. This type of training will also teach you to see as fast as you can hit. Precision perhaps is the most underrated attribute because you never know how precise you can be until you practice.Precision Precision is required to consistently hit where you aim. you can probably hit it but you may not hit effectively. You must see the strike connecting with the pads. If your target is two feet in diameter. 37 . Try to hit the center of the pad only (normally there is a small circle in the center of the focus pad) with your fingertips. Adopt a boxing stance and have your partner spar with you. but training precision will give you the edge in finding the target that you want. but you need to hit the eyes or groin to score on your first strike. To strike the eyes of an opponent is difficult because of his movement and his protective stance.
This visualization will help you pinpoint the kick where you want it to be. for instance.Right hand to focus mitt Jab to focus mitt Your partner can also hold the pads against his chest. this will increase your reaction speed also. Remember to hit at first just with your fingers. 38 . A side kick. Your partner can hold the pads out for different kicks and you can attempt to hit the circle with only your toes. will be thrown differently than a round kick. Kicking is more difficult than punching (with the fingers) because the natural motion is different for each different kick. This drill can be done to make your kicks more precise also. Try to visualize kicking with the smallest possible area of the foot and contacting your target in the smallest possible area. then turn and show them to you while sparring. Hitting with your fingertips will make your fists much more accurate. and incredibly faster. If your partner flashes the pads at you while sparring. Kicking with the toes can only train precision for round kicks. but you can practice precision kicking on the other kicks also.
or just the tip of his nose) on your opponent and try to hit it. Visualize the target that you are hitting and see it as you strike it. Remember that as your precision becomes better. Try to contact your opponent with just fingertips. You can train your feet in the same way. Go slowly at first and hit exactly where you want to. A hard punch can come after you have the precision to hit what you aim for. as you get more experienced. to be precise and fast. Try to just touch with the kick first. 39 . belt buckle). Choose a target (a letter on the shirt. Contact your opponent just slightly at first at the target that you want (knee cap. a button. you will be able to kick anywhere on your opponent with great speed and force. The goal in this drill is precision in consistently hitting your target.Drill #9 . Remember.Precision in Sparring The same drill can be used in regular sparring also.
The drills to train sensitivity originate from Tai-chi. You must develop sensitivity to your opponent’s attacks in order to control him. It can be defined as the feeling of connection and a way of receiving information about your opponent’s moves through your contact with him. As always. The first drill is used mainly for pushing energy. You’ll find that you can begin to direct his actions in the holding and grappling ranges with sensitivity. but can be modified for hitting. Wing Chun or a number of other arts and are used to train different types of hitting energy.Sensitivity Sensitivity is the most important attribute in fighting because it establishes an entry to your opponent’s defense without allowing your opponent to strike you. 40 . these drills should be combative from the start.
Do this drill slowly until you become proficient in moving with his attack and redirecting it. When he hooks you.Drill #10 . but remember to maintain contact. you can use a shoulder stop (described previously) or parry slowly while moving your body away to direct his hook in front of its target. This will redirect the push. turn your body and push his hands to the outside. Sometimes. he may force you to move your hands inside his arms (or underneath them) just to defend against his strikes. You will find yourself either stopping or parrying his strike. Put you hands on his arms gently but without grabbing them. Maintain contact with his arms and hands to control his strikes completely. 41 . You do not need to keep your hands on top of his arms. Have him feed strikes slowly to your head and body while you try to redirect his strikes away from their targets. You need to control your own arms before you can control your opponent’s. then increase the speed. as he moves. When he pushes you.Sensitivity “Follow” Drill Start by facing you partner and have him stretch out his arms. remembering to always be moving and turning your body to remove the target from him.
If he turns. When he steps forward. Try to maintain the arm’s reach away from him as he moves about.Drill #11 . then speed it up to make it challenging. you step backward. The object is to always maintain the same distance away from your partner. you follow by going left. This drill will make you sensitive to your opponent’s distance from you and his attack from that distance. 42 .Mirror Drill Face your opponent about arms reach away and have him lead you by stepping and moving around. you should turn also. Periodically check your distance from him. If he goes left. Go slowly at first.
“10 for 1” drill (Drill #23). and the multiple opponent drills (#21. jog or do an aerobic type exercise to enhance your endurance. If your 43 . The attributes of conditioning and endurance are immeasurable tools that you bring to the battle and. should give you the conditioning required. if done regularly. they set you apart from your opponent. you can run. but the kind that simulates an altercation is a logical option to better prepare you for the real thing. There are many methods of training your conditioning. If necessary. These drills. along with your sparring. along with your attitude. A martial artist should be superbly conditioned to fight at any time and under any conditions. and the stress found in a street fight is extremely high. 22) will dramatically enhance your conditioning. such as the “range control” (Drill #11). The drills contained in this text. The reason that some middleweight boxers could outpunch their heavyweight opponents in the bare-knuckle days was due mainly to these two attributes.Conditioning A well-conditioned athlete is better able to handle any kind of stress.
precision and conditioning. strength. Sparring as close as you can to “street” conditions is the best method of training. then you will have more energy to use in combat. These are only a few of the exercises to effect the attributes necessary for a battle. but the most important way that you can train is by sparring realistically. All these factors go into your training for a fight. 44 . You can modify some of your own exercises to train specific qualities. and you can invent some new ones to train your speed.aerobic conditioning is good.
You now can spar without these rules if you are training with a partner that you are comfortable with and you follow some simple guidelines. and college events). excluded range and full range sparring. There have been some schools that train without these rules. and most of the fight occurs on the ground or at close quarters. they have also not trained in all ranges of fighting. they are separated to allow only kicking or 45 . sometimes no head contact is allowed. or thighs. This type of sparring is not realistic. The combatants don’t kick or punch each other. You must then match the speed and strength of your attack to your partner’s. Because of this. but in order to train safely. and you must start slowly with only light contact. no hitting the back (or back of the head). Excluded range sparring is exchanging strikes with your partner and permitting only certain distances (or certain conditions). not in a fight. these rules were adopted. It is very easy to get too excited and lose your concentration. A popular example of excluded range sparring is western wrestling (the type of wrestling seen at H. When the fighters come in to a clinch. knees. but in general. but try to remember that you are training for a fight.S. One example would be only allowing punching and kicking and disallowing throws. No kicking to the groin.Sparring The idea of sparring is to hit your training partner without hurting him too badly. certain rules have become commonplace in most dojos where sparring is allowed. You will first need a guide (referee) to make sure the action is under control. Sparring should fall into two major categories. Most schools that do spar unknowingly limit their sparring to the range that they are familiar with and limit their techniques to those that do little damage. Sparring that is done in most training halls or boxing gyms is even more exclusive.
but once you are used to the different attacks. Listed below is the minimum required protection for this type of sparring. An example of “excluded target” training would be to prohibit groin or knee contact while in boxing range. Headgear Boxing or Tiger Claw Gloves Elbow pads Mouthpiece Rib protector Knee pads Groin protector (cup) Shin pads 46 . Remember to wear protective equipment while you spar. Practicing this way may seem dangerous. but you should modify the strength and speed of the strike to reflect the proficiency of your partner. You will notice that no footgear is specified since combatants should train with shoes on (to simulate street conditions).punching. This way of training is great for isolating the weapons and defenses of each range as long as you don’t practice “excluded target” training. you will defend against them easily. You should allow a strike to any target in that range.
any Punching is allowed.Drill #10 . Face your opponent and select the total range for sparring. Decide the time limit.AG Sparring “AG” sparring is very realistic and needs to be done with a supervisor present. it should be kicking and punching range only. First you should work on developing the offensive skills needed for each range and the defensive maneuvers for each attack. Remember not to change the range by tying up your opponent. combination. The grappling range will be used in a later drill.) Listed below are some strikes that you can use in AG sparring. then start! You or your opponent can throw any strike. or try anything as long as you are isolating the range of your body to attack or use your head. Initially. Anything goes! (As long as you maintain the ranges agreed upon. 47 .
Your style of fighting will lead you to attack and defend in a certain way. Some martial artists will prefer a certain style of fighting.Kicking is allowed. then increase the speed and strength to be more realistic. such as “aggressive infighting” or “countering from outside”. elbows are Your body will learn how to defend against all strikes by movement and other defensive skills. is a very important attribute and it is essential in actually contacting your partner. It Head striking is allowed. Try to find out which defenses are best for your style. but you should be prepared to defend against any attack and any attacking style. Knees and allowed. You can also defend aggressively by attacking his limbs as he tries to strike you. You must 48 . You may want to adopt a “potshot” defense which will rip into your opponent as he attempts to close in while you move around him. Make sure you go slowly at first to familiarize yourself with all attacks possible. Timing is the ability to plan your opponent’s strike and plan your counter to it.
Try to time his offensive moves by concentrating on your own offensive moves.develop the ability to counter his strike as you are striking.Range Control Sparring There is another exercise called “range control” sparring that is done to teach a martial artist how to control a fight. This activity is extremely strenuous and requires a supervisor with a stopwatch. body. thighs (groin for experienced fighters). knees/legs. Strikes in AG Sparring Kicks to head. Anything else you can think of. Elbows to head. punch. body. Start to think less of his attack and more of your own strikes. punching kick while the leader comes where you can punch and use in. body. This will develop your timing against your partner. holding/trapping . Body to body. The ranges to be controlled are: kicking . groin. Worry less about blocking. arms/hands. and use knees (used mostly for controlling). Visualize your own strikes hitting in time. arms/hands. and groin.where you can kick The follower (right) can only but not punch. grappling 49 . and sweeps. knees. Drill #11 . Knees to midsection. arms/hands. Head to head. elbow. Punches to head.where you can grab your opponent’s arms and body to tie him up.
where you tie him up completely so that he cannot attack (this range generally ends on the ground in some hold or lock). The combatants face each other and decide who will be the leader. The leader will be training the follower to control the range of the fight. The leader must make it difficult for the follower to maintain his own range by constantly trying to move out of the follower’s range. The leader has available to him any range or style of fighting. He can kick outside or inside, punch, grapple, or hold (trap) his opponent. The leader can do anything; try any attack in any range,
When the leader (left) comes in, the follower must box. When the leader tries to escape, the follower maintains range by boxing. attack in close or from outside. The follower is the trainee. It is his job to limit the range of the leader by keeping the range constant. He must use all his energy to contain the leader only to the range that he (the follower) has been assigned to. The timekeeper will call out to start the contest and tell the follower what range he is to control (for example, “boxing”). The follower must try to box the leader, while the leader can move outside and kick, or come inside and tie up the follower.
When the leader (left) tries to grapple, the follower must trap his arms. When the leader attempts to escape out, the follower must control by trapping. You will see how strenuous this drill is when you try to follow the leader (who is backing away from you) and maintain the “punching” range, or you try to push the leader off you to hit him while he is trying to grapple with you. The timekeeper should periodically call out another range such as “kicking”, “holding/trapping”, or “grappling”. The follower must then change the range which he fights in, while the leader is still free to fight in any way. If the timekeeper calls “kicking”, the follower can only kick while the leader attempts to move into punching or grappling range. You will find after training this way that you will develop great control of your partner and his movement. Training with this drill will help you control the range and type of fight and will teach you to have absolute control of an actual fight.
When the leader (left) tries to get out, the follower comes in to grapple. The grappling range should end in a takedown.
Drill #12 - Defensive Sparring Drill
This drill teaches a martial artist to defend himself with extreme competency. The combatants face-off and spar with each other, but one fighter cannot strike at all. He must use defensive skills such as movement, bob and weave, parries, covering up. He can pull his opponent, trip or turn his opponent, but he cannot hit or kick. His trainer can strike with anything and in any range. You will learn great defensive skills by training this drill. If you only defend for a three minute round, then you will gain a great defense. This will give you more time to counter and give your offensive move.
If that happens. It is not enough to try to secure the attacker. This drill is valuable because almost any lock can be countered or escaped from. however. but practice with . or just to move to another lock on a secured opponent. This drill is done in Jujitsu schools to teach students how to adjust their hold on an opponent when he moves his body. sometimes we have to make sure he cannot escape and reverse the lock. you should learn to feel him trying to tie you up so you can move into a lock on him in the next breath. grabbing to … another wrist lock. 53 Another type of “excluded” range sparring is the lock flow drill. will do this drill combatively because our opponent will be fighting back. This drill can be difficult for martial artists who have no experience with locks. The idea of a lock flow in a traditional school is to allow the martial artist to move his hold when his opponent counters or escapes.Lock Flow Drill Wrist lock to … escape.Drill #12 . We. and you must be able to adjust your hold in a fluid motion.
this drill and your ability will develop. Start with a standing wrist lock with you partner standing across from you. Bend his right wrist to the outside with your right and left hands. He can escape 1. Turn your elbow from the from the hold by moving his wrist lock, and … body to the outside (right) to relieve the pressure, then grabbing under your right hand with his left into a wrist lock on you. You can break the hold again and force him into a wrist lock, which he will escape from…..and so on. This drill can move on 2. grab his wrist again. to other holds such as arm bars and locks, chokes/head locks, full and half nelsons, leg locks (on the ground). If your partner applies a wrist lock, you can grab his right elbow with your left hand, push and turn it into an arm bar, grabbing his wrist with you right hand as you move. In this way, the locks are continuously changing and your defense must constantly change also. You can do takedowns, chokes and other locks as long as you can keep the action going. When you are competent, you can do without the pattern and go “free style”, where neither you nor your partner knows what is coming next. On the following pages in a sample lock flow pattern. You should, of course, make up your own lock flow pattern.
Start by applying the wrist lock …
which he will escape by popping your arm up.
He turns your arm over into …
an arm bar.
Pop up your elbow
and grab a Fig. 4 arm lock.
He steps back, grabbing your arm into an arm bar.
You rush toward him and …
Grab his arm and pull …
into an arm bar.
You get an arm lock. He reaches back behind to choke. 57 . You squat and twist out.He turns his elbow down and … strips your arm.
Add low kicks to keep 58 or hit after he locks you. You will find that sometimes the strike will open up a target for another lock. He must move away from the lock and also defend against the punch by blocking. have your partner try holding the wrist with the left hand while you strike with the right. .Lock Flow With Strikes You can catch. or during the locking. If your partner sees a punch coming to him and a wrist lock tying him up. you can guide the punch inside (using a hand touching his elbow) to put the arm lock on him. From the first wrist lock. and lock with added hits The first drill must be developed to an extreme competency to be useful. Remember to use your body motion to evade the punch and also to get the arm bar.Drill #13 . You will need some energy to guide and catch his striking arm. after. After a while. In this case. you and your partner may choose to simulate strikes before. he will move much faster to escape the lock.
Remember to keep the action standing (off the ground) for as long as you can. You will gain real experience in evading and escaping the locks if you start slowly but practice hard. or kick to the knees. The tendency to go to the ground is great. Kick to the ankles to stop his movement. You must keep your partner aware of the attacks. You ideally want your combatant to hit the ground without you. then speed up your locks and strikes on each other. You can even hit him with you knees while locking him. You also will gain the most useful experience while standing up because most fights begin and could possibly end there. Remember that the lock should flow one to another with only one being locked at a time. but give him time to counter. Kick to the legs … reach in … 59 . Go at a reasonable pace at first.your partner moving and aware of the low attacks. but remember that it is not always a good idea to be on the ground when fighting.
60 .grab the head lock.
keep hold of him because you will want to counter his lock on the ground with one of your own. The lock flow drill will sometimes go to the ground or you may want to force your partner to the ground. Try not to “strength” out of each hold. You are “cheating” when you use a nerve strike. You can knock his arm out and try a leg scissors on him. He can escape by turning over and get a front choke on you. pressure point. but try to keep the action going by maintaining contact with your partner. Use body motion and levers instead. or by a trip. You can now put an arm bar on your partner while he is on his back. by pulling down on his arm. Your opponent can bring you down to the ground with that first wrist lock and you can counter by reaching up around his neck and pulling him down. a sweep. When your partner brings you to the ground.Drill #14 . or bite while you are locked up by your opponent. Any method of getting your opponent down is acceptable. 61 .Lock Flow With Cheat. You can use an arm drag. or a judo throw. This flow drill can be continued with each partner taking turns as the aggressor and each attempting to escape. Ground Lock Flow The last type of flow drill is performed by changing the circumstances of the practice drill and adding extra attacks known as “cheating”.
We mentioned before that some rule are commonplace in the dojo. but there are also unwritten rules of street fighting.Trip him at the knee (step on foot). realize how difficult the drill becomes when your opponent cheats. strike the kidneys. Add all the hits that you would if you were caught in this hold by an attacker. Grab or hit the groin. turn him over to leg lock. don’t give them up. One rule is that it is not fair to bite. Forget it! Your teeth are you best weapon for in-fighting. Use your teeth and nails in the lock flow drill. and bend fingers back. 62 . Don’t play fair in practice (but be careful and use the proper protective gear). Do anything to break the hold and move on to your own hold.
Turn your elbow up. push towards him. and grab an arm bar. 63 .He turns out and … grabs your arm in a bar.
open fingered gloves to hit. and head gear if desired. 4 on arm. You may being the fight from 64 . groin protectors. knee and shin pads. A supervisor is necessary in “AG” fighting to maintain some control of the fight. He pulls hair to escape.Lock a Fig.AG Fighting . Both martial artists must be fully geared for this drill using Tiger Claw . Drill #15 . and it is called “AG” fighting. He gets a neck-breaker on you.Full Range Sparring The last type of sparring drill is a combination of lock flow and “AG” sparring.
65 . You should be prepared for it. bite. or just kicking with you. knee. If you are in outside range. box or kick. Some will try anything to cheat and hurt you. Follow the guidelines stated previously in “AG” fighting. Some top students in this form of training have grabbed chairs from the audience and stray weapons on the floor.any position and attack your partner anywhere and with anything. wrestling until you are pinned. try to trip or throw him. they will grab. some hits. This is the best drill to train reality because it is as close to reality as you can get. and this drill will help you. You will find out your partner’s true nature when you allow him to do anything to you. The truth is that your opponents. This is not a structured. Remember to train as safely as you can. go slowly at first and have a supervisor watching for your safety. Some martial artists will attack aggressively. then try to lock him up. Some will try to tie up and go to the ground for grappling because they may feel more comfortable there. Anything Goes! If you enter grappling range with you opponent. They are not interested in just punching. hoping to win in a short time and get their opponent away from them on the ground. and throw you around before they hit you. The object of this drill is to see everything that can be cone to you and to learn how to defend against anything that happens. outside your training hall. This is anything that an individual wants to do. well planned sparring contest with a feeling-out time. butt. and some kicks. If you are both on the ground. push. will try to hurt you in any way possible.
This is still as close to actual combat as you can get. but still train safely. 66 .High kicks are legal … and head butts … Remember that the idea of this contest is the training. it is extremely difficult to tell the winner in some of these drills and it should be that way. but it is very common to end the round without a clear winner. Sometimes the winner is clear because the loser cannot continue. He could be locked up or just too tired to move.
Defend against the knife or … get a weapon to use. Grab weapons. 67 .and elbows. Disarm and defend against … clubs or knives.
The reason for this is that.S. according to the U. Department of Justice. Bureau of Crime Statistics.. There is. however. There are many martial artists who do exhibitions of some defenses against a gun attack. it requires very little training to shoot someone.S. knives. attack with weapons is as frequent as empty hand assault. generally based on perceptions about weapon attack. a 10% change of being stabbed in a confrontation with a knife. but there are many defensive drills that work will with the weapons that martial artists may see. sometimes. Guns are without doubt the most dangerous weapon around. defensive action is the only choice. According to the U. and clubs.S. guns. In the U. until the time that he feels that he will die whether or not he cooperates.Weapons Weapons training differs in every martial arts school. 68 . This compares to half those victimized with a knife or club who were actually assaulted with the weapon. and the skill level of the user need not be high. they don’t work correctly. There is really only a 4% chance of being shot with a gun during a victimization. They can be used at various ranges. Given the choice between a sure death or an accident while attempting to disarm your opponent. but these demonstrations are with their students and without using live ammunition. only one-third of those people victimized by a gun (shown a gun in an assault) were actually attacked using the gun. A martial artist who is confronted with a gun should cooperate fully with the wielder. Instructors who have never seen or been victimized in an attack with a weapon do not always know the best way to defend against them.
preferably with good trigger action. but these drills must be examined carefully with the following general guidelines in mind: 69 .The martial artist who wants to prepare himself to defend against a gun should purchase several child’s water pistols or cap guns (the realistic kind). The gun could be fired several times while the martial artist is attempting his disarm. The only disadvantage to using these toys is the a real gun is heavier and is possibly more easily dropped from the hand. he will continue to attempt to aim and fire the gun at your while you hold him. There are several books which give examples of specific drills for removing the gun. If you grab your opponent’s arm.
It really must be a matter of life or death. or straight punch will not help you for long. so practice every method to see what you feel most comfortable with. Commitment: Once you start for the gun or the arm. 3. Mid/Low Attack: Generally use one (or preferably two) hands to secure the gun and use kicks (or the free hand) to hit while you disarm. then make sure you keep moving. Remember what was said before. 70 . The eye jab. 2. Try Anything: If you must do any of the standard defenses against a rear hold-up (like spinning your back to catch your opponent’s gun arm). Some schools even advocate the use of a club or strike to dislodge the weapon. no technique is fool-proof. and you still might be shot. kick to the groin.1. never lose control of it.
Practice a simultaneous evasion or shifting of the body with a grab to his gun hand. The chink in the logic of knife drills is that there is no desire present. Your punches should not be pulled and he. One-step knife drills are common in many dojos but. a two-handed grip on the gun from a short distance. in turn. Your partner is not 71 . up front close with hi hand out for money. not too valuable. and shoulders. Have your partner shoot if he sees any movement. Grab the hand (if possible) right at the gun so that you can have some control over the direction of the barrel. Immediately launch your attack on your partner and don’t stop hitting until he lets go of the gun. Make sure that you are out of the way if it does. there is a chance of its firing and injuring someone. He must be fully protected because you must attack him with reality in mind. from the rear with a grab.Gun Drill Have your partner hold you up with the gun while wearing full gear. This will train you not to “telegraph” your defensive action. unfortunately. Your goal should be to remove the gun from his hand. up front close with a shirt grab. legs.Drill #16 . Have him perform a hold-up from several different positions. from each side with a grab. arms. Concentrate on the gun arm and hand to dislodge the weapon while maintaining you hold and simultaneously attacking the face. from a short distance front with one hand on his gun. but your goal should still be to put distance between your attacker and his weapon. Start by training your response without telegraphing. must try to shoot if he sees any motion from you. but any attempt to grab the gun could cause it to go off. If the gun drops.
your response is not quite realistic. Try to use any method to defend yourself in a real situation. and if you are struck with a plastic or wooden knife.normally trying to cut you. You must train knife drills from two basic positions. the hold-up position and the ready position. and yelling are perfectly valid means of defense. Remember that evasion. This training is for the time when you feel that you will be stabbed whether or not you cooperate. You can use a blunt aluminum knife to make it more realistic. talking. 72 .
Drill #17 . In each case. your partner’s knife (and knife hand) is stationary and your movement should be fast and steady. or groin). so change the drill slightly each time you train. Hold firmly onto the knife hand while you attack your opponent with a strike (to the head. 73 . Try to slow the hand motion enough to control the knife hand so that you can grab it. Do this drill repeatedly until you feel comfortable with your empty hand knife defense. Have your partner “hold you up” by keeping his knife hand in one place but menacing you with it. eyes. or grabbing the knife hand. Attack the knife hand with your knuckles at his nerve centers (back of the hand or at the wrist).Knife Drill From Hold-up Position From the hold-up position. hitting the ulna nerve (at the side of the wrist). groin) very quickly. You can experiment with batting the hand down. The attacker’s knife hand will be at various levels and positions. you should attack strongly to your opponent’s weak areas (eyes.
Face your partner in a ready position and prepare to spar with him using the knife primarily.Knife Drill From Ready Position The ready position is used when knife sparring is done. 74 . Any good hit to these areas will give you some time while he recovers to remove yourself from the area or remove the weapon from him. sticks. One more way to train knife defense is to study combative Judo and Jujitsu. you can attempt to kick or hit the knife hand. rocks) to help you dislodge the weapon. You can use objects (shoes. If your partner is in outside range. groin. but your best defense is still to get away if possible. but remember that there is still a 25% chance of going to the hospital when faced by a knife wielding adversary. One half of all attacks with these weapons will be serious (40% will require medical attention). or you can move in to contain the hand. You can learn some very basic moves and locks to disarm and evade your assailant. It could be that they can help in the defense of a knife. Clubs. The reason is that these weapons are nearby and attack with these weapons happens very quickly. but you should have these weapons around when you do your “AG” fighting. we will discuss awareness training. and knees for your strikes. Later. bottles and rocks are the preferred weapons for an armed assailant and the worst injury will occur when attacked with these weapons. nose.Drill #18 . knife hand. These systems teach a martial artist to blend and move with an attack. Target his eyes. Use your motion to evade the slashes and thrusts while simultaneously attacking his body.
then move in with your attack. one of you should be moving to attack and it should be over very quickly. you have to advance and attack him. This drill should take no more than 10 seconds to complete. He had to attack you strongly with the weapon. Do this repeatedly until you feel comfortable with the blunt weapon attack.Blunt Weapon (Club) Drill The defense against these types of weapons can be very simple. After the bell rings. try evasion first. If you can make you opponent miss. Remember in club training that. you have some time to attack him without fearing for the weapon. 75 .Drill #19 . Try to hit before he strikes. a club is a onestrike weapon. Don’t fool around! He must give you the correct type of attack or you won’t learn how to defend against it. If he does attack you. Hit him hard and fast and then recover the weapon. Have him attempt to strike you with the weapon. normally. Don’t go for the weapon. If he hesitates to attack you. If you cannot strike first. go for his targets. then evade the weapon. Have your partner face off to spar with you using a blunt weapon (club or padded baseball bat) primarily. The weight of the club sometimes makes his attack predictable and his recovery slower than a knife or empty hand.
only fight if you fear for your life. A person with a blunt weapon or club will probably hit you and will probably hurt you.Come in strongly when you encounter a blunt weapon. then attempt to dislodge the weapon and strike your opponent so that you can get away. Let’s stress one point very strongly! You can only hope to defend against a weapon successfully. 76 . You should train seriously with these weapons and strike him first. An opponent with a knife has a good chance of cutting you unless you can get away. then attempt to time the weapon (then strike). If you can’t. If you fight and cannot run. or evade the weapon to run. An assailant with a gun will probably not shoot you.
push them over one another. Use a drill which will simulate the attack “on the street”. Use Aikido techniques.Multiple Opponents Have a group of six or more circle you prepared to come in at any time. you can be defeated very quickly. Throw one attacker into another to give you some time. speed. as mentioned before. You need to put your opponent out of the fight very quickly and he needs to stay out. The “AG” fighting drill can be done with a number of partners. sensitivity and decision making ability. is a matter of timing. In fact. the study of Aikido and Jujitsu can help you immensely in this situation. throw them. In addition. Try to get your opponents on the ground. They end up getting in each other’s way. This drill can be realistic if your partners want it to be. Try to have only one attacker at a time and plan it that way. Some groups don’t know how to come in and attack a victim all together. This drill. there are occasionally some incidents of attack by multiple assailants. If your partners decide to rush in and hold you. It will increase your awareness. Trip them. but too often it becomes a circus as your antagonists circle around waiting for an ambush. punch to the face. Although there is no evidence of multiple opponents being a factor in assaults. Use a one-strike defense. kick to the groin. run one opponent into a wall.Multiple Opponents It makes a great deal of sense to train with multiple opponents. you can only get better by training against a number of partners. but you may want to practice 77 . This is to your advantage. Try this drill using your evasive actions to isolate your opponents. Drill #20 .
78 .a drill which is a little more structured so that you can gain the attributes necessary in an attack by multiple opponents.
and strongly push him. 79 .Opponents enter one at a time. The other enters. You bulldog him. The first enters again. You comb the first.
Grab his hair and … knee him. Reach down and … grab his leg to trip. The other enters from behind. 80 . Push him out again.
Have a supervisor call out for you to begin. This drill should be done in close quarters and your partners should be fully protected. if they do. but you can trick. Compete with your partners to escape quickly.Multiple Opponents (Circle Drill) This drill requires a circle on the floor. Break through any way that you can! 81 . you can exit the circle from its unprotected segments. push and hit them to remove them from your way. throw and push until all resistance is gone. Time yourself on your escape and try to win out in less time. The object of the drill is to escape from the circle while several of your partners surround you and prevent your escape. They can move along the circle to group up against you. You must hit. but. kick. Face outside the circle. and keep fighting until you are outside of your opponents.Drill #21 . This drill is exciting and will challenge you to be creative in your defense against multiple assailants. Your partners cannot enter to contain you and they must stand on the line.
Don’t allow grappling or throws because you want to train to fight multiple opponents while standing. As you become more proficient.Multiple Simultaneous Attack Start with only two opponents facing you.actually hit. This next example is of a multiple simultaneous drill. attack them both strongly trying to stall (push down.There are generally two types of multiple drills. Use complete safety gear and train hard. As 82 . This will make you extremely comfortable in handling more than one opponent. through the motions . Add opponents when you feel comfortable. the offense will be very difficult but you must throw one into another to give yourself time to escape or to hit. The previous drills are examples of times drills. You will find that at three opponents or more . Drill #22 . one in which your partners time their attack. This type of drill can help you develop your responses to be quicker and more precise. Multiple timed attacks allow the trainee some time before the next aggressor reaches him with a strike or a grab. allow your partners to try to throw you to the ground and allow anything in “AG” fighting. trip) the nearest (first one) giving you time to finish the second one before the first is back for more. Timed and Simultaneous attacks. but the simultaneous multiple attack will be more realistic. Use this drill with the same rules as “AG” sparring at first. and the other in which you time your attack against them. don’t just go Face two or more partners.
usual. change the complexity and number of opponents in this drill to suit your training. 83 . Keep moving and hitting. Don’t be afraid to experiment.
Drill #23 . but there are specific drills which will give you some reassurance when you are at peak stress. You practice these drills so that the energy will be available to you when it is needed. 84 . In addition. the mental framework required to defeat your opponent will be yours.10 For 1 Sparring You should practice a drill called “10 for 1” in “AG” sparring. Remember. though. that you will become very tired after a few of these “10 for 1” attacks. so your supervisor should limit these to two or three each three minute round. you must return 10 strikes for every one that your opponent hits you with. It will also give you better stamina and endurance. This animal-like action will heighten your awareness of your opponent by speeding up your senses. This is exactly the type of energy that you will need to win a street fight. You should shower him with strikes until he is backed up and defeated. It will enable you to remain calm during your attack by giving you a mental strength. and be more realistic because you will be operating at peak stress for only a short time. When your supervisor calls out “10 for 1” to you.Attitude Modification You should always train hard when you can.
Try to feel their attack coming and defend against it quietly. You should naturally take in all of the information that surrounds you. your eyes to see their motion. Proper form will come with practice. your ears to hear their footsteps or their breathing coming closer. Do this drill in malls.This type of activity can be used when you train on the heavy bag also. who is talking. Don’t pace yourself! When you do this drill. Stand in the center of your opponents calmly and wait for their attack. individually. both in front of you and peripherally. Your friends try to surprise you by sneaking up and attacking you. but this action is crucial to train battle readiness. and who is looking toward you. you are trying to go as fast and as hard as you can without respect for form. at work. See who is moving. attack you. Try to take in every action around you.20 seconds of intense hitting and kicking on the bag. Try to do 10 . This will help you better prepare for a confrontation by seeing it before it surprises you. Martial artists are just finding out about awareness training. and in your training hall until it becomes a part of you. 85 . or you can make it a standard drill as described here. your skin which can even feel as someone is coming toward you. Do this drill with your eyes open or closed to train the other senses and to develop your grappling sensitivity. This is similar to the play that is done in martial arts schools anyway. Drill #24 . You can make this a training drill by allowing it to be done realistically for a period of time (or maybe one night each week). which can be done at any time and under any conditions. Use all of your senses.Awareness Drill Have several partners surround you and.
Most dojos train on-step sparring (one strike with one or more counters). The strike that your partner throws should hit you. If he is just throwing his hand up with no desire. It is better to have some time than no time.Develop this awareness to a high degree and it will be invaluable in your training. Let him know that! Your counter should be real and your partner should know that too. the students don’t think it is real. then he is cheating you out of your practice. but because the instructors don’t make the activity real. You can slow your strike to barely hit him. but you better make sure that you at least touch him. The last attitude modification is a comment on one-step sparring in general. Put some energy into your strikes! 86 .
Give 100%.Train hard. 87 .
Speed can be trained with partners also with a concentration on pitting one man’s speed against another’s. Strength can be trained actively using partners and specific drills designed to test and enhance this attribute. Remember that these drills should always be performed with an instructor looking on. You will find after using these techniques and drills that you will no longer think of your normal sparring as a fight. We have also reviewed some different ways to spar that duplicates a real situation. Sensitivity drills are all easily learned and very effective. but for years martial artists have been afraid to hurt one another (or afraid of lawsuits). This sparring is not conventional. 88 . This feeble training can do you no good and. Remember to train these drills for the same amount of time that they will be seen outside of the training hall. Multiple opponent drills can be fun and still provide you with skills required in an assault. You will know that your opponent can do much more to you. but is highly effective in training a martial artist for combat. It is possible to train hard safely.Summary We have learned some drills that train the required attributes for fighting. These drills will enable you to feel your opponent’s motion and counter without thinking. There were mentioned some drills to train the proper mental attitude as well. in fact. and you will (with luck) be prepared to do battle in its most serious form. We have discussed weapons training that closely parallel actual assaults. can do you harm by letting you think that you are prepared.
He has trained in various martial arts styles from tai-chi to Thai boxing for 23 years and holds black belt levels in Isshynryu and Tang soo do. His study of training drills and street fighting reality took 6 years and thousands of miles in travel to complete.About the author: Dave Elwood is an instructor of Total Approach Jeet Kune Do. an eclectic martial arts system. 89 .
Look for the latest book from David Elwood: Available from Koinonia Productions 6818 Nevada Avenue Canoga Park. California 91303 or call (908) 685-8255 to obtain a copy 90 .
Entries. Sensitivity BattleMaster III . please call or write to: Total Approach JKD Box 8727 Somerville.Check out the BattleMaster Videos: BattleMaster I . NJ 08876 (908) 685-8255 91 .Grappling with Reality All are available from Total Approach JKD.Strength. For information.Responses. Precision. Evasions BattleMaster II .
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