Battles Royal of the Chessboard
Collected and presented by R. N. Coles

Cadogan Books

Coles 1948 This edition published 1995 by Cadogan Books pic.© R. London House. SW11 4NQ ISBN 1 85744 182 6 Printed and bound in Finland by Werner Söderström Oy .N. Parkgate Road. London.

... London..... .............. 1883 ............ 11....... .... Queen's Pawn Game ist tie-match game...... 1895 52 Pillsbury Attack St........... London....... 78th match .. ix A n asterisk signifies the winner.... *S t e i n i t z — P i l l s b u r y ........ Bradford tournament... •• .... ............ W e i s s — T c h ig o r in ... ..... 17. 1896... 4......... St.................... 3rd match game...........CONTENTS PAGE INTRODUCTION GAMES * ................... 7. 1843.. 15................. 1866.... 31 Evans Gambit ist match game... Petersburg tournament............ 2nd match game. 3. London.. 1839 S t a u n t o n — S a i n t -A m a n t .......... ... 5......... 14. 6......... 4th Queen’s Pawn Game * T a r r a s c h — G u n s b e r g ....... Petersburg tournament... 9....... match game... von d e r London tournament...... 2nd match game........... ..... ... 1834 47th match ... .... 12........... .. 1872..... 57 Tchigorin Defence ... Paris............. 1851 Ruy Lopez L a s a — "'St a u n t o n .......... .............................. 1896... 8... 16............... Queen’s Gambit Giuoco Piano B o n c o u r t — * S a i n t -A m a n t .......... New York tournament.. King's Bishop's Opening . London......49 Ruy Lopez * P il l sb u r y — T a r rasch ... 1..... 1853 . McD o n n ell— *de L a b o u r d o n n a is ... London. 1886 1887 37 41 44 46 Queen's Gambit Declined B u r n — *M a c k e n z i e ........ 1888........ King's Bishop's Opening A n d erssen — M o r ph y. M ason — * Z u k e r t o r t .. 1889.. Hastings tournament...... 34 Giuoco Piano London tournament....................... game.. 54 Petroff Defence P i l l s b u r y — T c h ig o r in ...... Brussels. 1858 Ruy Lopez A n d e r s se n — *S t e in it z ...... 2..... 10....... 2nd match game........ No asterisk signifies a drawn game....... London.................... .. Z u k e r t o r t — *S t e in it z .. 11 x4 18 20 23 26 28 King's Bishop's Opening * d e L a b o u r d o n n a is — M c D o n n e l l . 1834 game. * B ir d — H o r w it z ... Frankfort tournament....... French Defence *M a c k e n z i e — B l a c k b u r n e ..... Paris.... 13.....

....... 1929 Queen's Pawn Game 38. York. Ostend tournament......... 1896......... 23........ Moscow......... J a n o w s k i— B urn. 11th match game. 32. Centre Game *C apa b la n ca — Mar sh all..... 1922 Vienna tournament...... 1927 1928 E uw e— ...... 1899 Ruy Lopez Paris tournament......... 37.......... 33..... Nimso-Indian Defence B ogolyubov.. 1904 Scotch Gambit 1904 Cambridge Springs tournament. 78 81 84 87 90 93 95 Ruy Lopes ""Ru b i n s t e i n — L a s k e r ......CONTENTS 18...... 1910 Berlin 1913 PUlsbury Attack Sicilian Defence M i e s e s — ♦Ca p a b l a n c a ........ 19... 1909 27........... 7th match game... 1928 PUlsbury Attack *V idmar— E uwe ... Weis•* •* ..... Berlin........ 8th match game. 20.......... Reti System ♦Re t i — B e c k e r ....... * L a sk e r — N a p ie r ... 31. •• IQOQ 26.... 28. 5th match game.... London tournament......... Sicilian Defence ♦Du r a s — T e i c h m a n n .. New ................ Ruy Lopes Slav Defence * A l e k h i n e ...* •» PiUsbury Attach Spielmann— ♦ toltz... 1925 IQ27 Aires.............. Buenos ........... 22. Falkbeer Counter-Gambit 60 63 65 67 70 75 St e in it z — L a s k e r ........... Monte Carlo tournament.... 1923 ........ •• •• •• •• •• •• Ponsiani Opening A l e k h in e — Ca p a b l a n c a . .... Pillsbury Attack L asker— *B lack bu r n e. ......... 24.... 98 100 102 105 109 112 114 116 120 Z n o sk o -B o r o v sk y — A l e k h in e .. 35................. •• Tarrasch Defence Marsh all— *C a p a b l a n c a .... 21.. Sch lech ter— L a sk er . 30..... C h a r o u se k — P il l s b u r y ... A l e k h in e — B o g o l y u b o v ......... 1931 S Queen's Gambit . 29...... Nuremburg tournament....... 22nd match game... 39............. n th match game.. 1900 Ruy Lopes ^M a r s h a l l — M a r c o . St.... London tournament.................. Alekhine Defence * T artakow er— B o go lyubov.. 36... 25.... 1929 .............. 34. Exhibition game...... Bled tournament. Petersburg tournament.. 1896... Pillsbury Attack C a p a b l a n c a — N i m z o w it c h ....... London tournament...... 1918 R u b in s t e in — New York tournament.. Carlsbad tournament... 1906 •• •• •• •• ...... Paris tournament. . baden........... Kissingen tournament..

.................... E uw e— Bled tournament.... 1938 Ruy Lopez *B o t v in n ik — A lexander. 1933 44.......... Folkestone team tourna­ S u lt a n K h a n — * A le k h in e . 1946. match....... Moscow-Prague match.... Stoltz— *C o lle .. 41. 1938 Avro tournament.......... 1946 Sm y slo v — Index of Anglo-Russian radio . Nimzo-Indian Defence Katetov..... 45.. Colle— * K ash d an. French Defence e n in g s Op .... eres..... 1938 Dutch Defence "“ K Avro tournament.. Eindhoven 1937 46. 50....... 1935 Scotch Game E uwe— A l e k h i n e ... S p ie l m a n n — L a s k e r .... Avro tournament.... 43.155 ........ 19th match game............ E F uw e— in e — . 1931 Alekhine Defence Kings Indian Defence 126 128 131 136 138 141 143 145 149 152 Y ates. K eres........... Bled tournament. 48.. .. Queen's Pawn Game Moscow tournament..........CONTENTS 40............ 1931 Colle System 123 ....... 47............ 42....... ment.... Hastings tournament... 49.. 1932........ Nimzo-Indian Defence Nimzo-Indian Defence R e s h e v s k y — B o t v in n ik .......


We admire them but cannot relate them to our own play over the board. So long as a game is hard fought. so with chess. and if we occasionally miss a brilliancy because our imagination will not rise to it we probably get greater pleasure from a greater number of games than the artist does who cannot appreciate anything less than perfection. “ But White could have won a piece nine moves ago.INTRODUCTION I can do no better in giving my reasons for making the presen collection of games than to tell the story of an incident which occulted at a British Chess Federation congress. “ it was not good. Many collections of games have been made in which the bril­ liancies which are beyond the average player are beautifully dis­ played. we seek to attain supremacy only to find our opponent securing the ascendancy on some other part of the board.” said White. “ The mate in six. “ and I never shall see things like that though I study master brilliancies till the cows come home. but you did not see it.” " Good ? ” interposed the master. that is good. This is chess as we know it and as we have to play it.” “ No. the rest of us can admire works of art but we cannot create them. the difference being that we do not leave the playing of the game to the experts. We watch the defeated master in the ineluctable toils. searching ever after perfection .” said Black. The artist is a being apart.” " Then the game is not good? ” “ All right.” With a helpless shrug of his expressive shoulders the master left them. “ I enjoyed that.” agreed Black. When the game finished in a draw White said to Black. It was a really good game. . but it was the most enjoyable game I’ve had for months. A look of puzzled exasperation came over the master’s face. but our own opponents wriggle out of our best laid schemes and as like as not we then have to struggle to avoid defeat our­ selves . “ All the same it was a rattling good game. yes. with a queen sacrifice and a knight sacrifice. we continue to extract the utmost pleasure from the humble rough-and-tumble chess of which we are capable. As with art. that game is enjoyable and good enough for most of us. and Black three moves later missed a forced mate in six ! ” The pieces were set up again and the correctness of the master’s analysis was established. Two moderate players were engaged in a very complicated and exciting game and a well-known master was looking on. and especially if it is complicated and exciting.

INTRODUCTION The present collection consists of master examples of the sort of game which White and Black enjoyed so much at the congress . in these games neither player is content to be smothered by the brilliant imagination of the other. A few of the games will be old favourites.N. Harrow. fighting chess. 15 and 20.C. but if their presence serves to whet the appetite for more like them. nor to allow master technique to win a won game by copybook methods . R. 1948 . here is complicated. As for the title— the contes­ tants are all of the blood royal of chess aristocracy and the games ate in all senses Battles Royal. and these have frequently passed through so many hands that it has not been possible to acknowledge the original except in a few cases . here may be seen how the masters react when a combination goes wrong or when their opponents fight back . such are Nos. well and good. which could not well be omitted from a collection of this nature . The notes are indebted to many sources for analyses. Many of the others will be less well known. the few original notes are designed to throw into relief the up-anddown nature of the various battles.

L. P x Q . not 15 . .. K t x Q . but not QPx P. P— K4 P— K4 B— B4 B— B4 P— QB3 Q— Kt4 was a later fashion.Q— Q3 . The premature death of both players was an irreparable loss and it is fitting that they lie now in adjacent graves at Kensal Green. P— KB4 . 3. London. The Frenchman won the majority because of his greater versatility and position judgment. de Labourdonnais (1795-1840) was the greatest chessmaster of the first half of the nineteenth century. 11 P x K t . 10. 3. GAME 1 MCDONNELL-DE LABOURDONNAIS 1st game of the 4th match and 47th of the series. Black is now able to take advantage of the queen’s position with a beautiful pawn sacrifice which opens a phase of absorbing in­ terest and complexity. Kt— B2 QKt— Q2 And now if Kt x P . 8. 14. 17 X X 9 . B i s h o p ’s O p e n i n g 910. McDonnell (1798-1835) in a series of games which still bears comparison with those of any later age. 14. Kt— B3 5* O— O 6. P— Q4 7. K x R . 1 2 PXQ. 4. C. no rival worthy of him being found until 1834. when he came to London and played A. 2.K 3 If Qx Kt P. 8 R— K i. 1834. 13. P x B . M. win­ ning a piece. Even now White must play with the greatest exactness to avoid losing a piece. 16 RxQch. Kt— R3 Q -K 2 P— Q3 B— Kt3 Kt— KB3 B— Kt5 An alternative was B x P .. P x K t . 15. at once. 9 B— Q5. 12. 11. P— K5 Q— Q2 PxKt R— K i Kt— K5 Q— B4 P— KB4 PxP [Diagram 1] P— Kt4 If K t x P . K P x P P-Q4 1. K in g ’s Better was B— KKt5. 9 B— Q5. . Q .

P— B4 (w h i t e ) M CD ON NELL Kt (Kt)— B3 K tx K P Q— Q2 K xQ Position before Black's 14th move. Kt— Q3 .12 (b l a c k ) de BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD l a b o u r d o n n a is 18.. 23. K t— B4 30. 16. B— Kt2 30. 26.. P— KR4 B— B3 P— Kts Not 17 P x P. P— B5 B — Qi 25. each player endeavouring to use the passed pawns. 3334. P— B3 PxB Black’s P— Kt5 cannot be long prevented. K tx K tP Black must proceed with care. K— R i P— R6 . Kt— K4 A fine continuation threaten­ ing both Kt X B and Kt x Pch. Qx Q. B x BP . re­ taining the piece. 27. with advantage to Black. If at once 19 Q x Pch. K t— R3 29. but B— K2 was probably sounder. 21 Q— B i. . QxQch. 18 PxP. 27. 17. B x Kt PxB P— R5 QR— Qi P . winning back one of the knights with the better game. and 18 P x B with two pieces for the rook. Q— Kt2ch„ and 24 . P— B3 Px B Now it is White who must be careful. Q x Pch. P x K t 21. Now the bishop cannot cross to the de­ fence of the king.. . 20 P— B3. 31. retaining the piece. but 15 • • •. 17. P x P . P -Q 6 Better was B— K3. P— Kt4 R— B i P— B5 KR— B i B xK tch . B xP ch. 16. P— B6 K t— K5ch. K t— K4 . 20. 28. 23 B x P .. 32. but the rook will be needed here whether it is or not. This holds the extra pawn. 19. QR— K i 24. 23. 25. 22 P— B4. 22. B— Ktsch.B 7ch. K — B i . Q— K2 19. Not 30 R x P . 15. (D ia g r a m i ) A new phase begins. Kt x P ch . If P x B . 16 BxQ. Kt (K)— B2 .

42 B— B6ch„ K— B i . P x P R (K)— KKti White’s last move has brought Black’s attack to a standstill. P— K t3 . R— R7 Mate. R x R . P— Kt5 R— K K ti P— Kt6 (BLACK) DE LABOURDONNAIS while 38 . P x R = Q c h . P— Kt7 Mate and 36 P x P. . . 43 B x K t ... 38. R— K t7ch. K x P . Insufficient would be 38 .. To prevent a Black rook going to K R i.... . 43 P— Q7ch. .. 45 P x Pch.. 45 B x Rch. 41 K— R2.. R— Q4 37. R— Kt8ch. P— K t6 .. K x P . . . 39 RxP. 40 R xK tch.. for example. (WHITE) MCDONNELL Position before White's 37th move ( D ia g r a m 2) RxKtP Stronger than Kt X Pch.. 39 P— B6ch. 42 R x P . If White replies 4 1K x P. 40. 40 P xPch.. K — Q4 . . 40. P— K6ch. but he hopes now for more. R— K K t i . with Black winning the exchange.. . K — Qi Not K x P ... R x R (threatening R— R8ch. 45 P -Q 7 . . 41 R— K 5ch. R— Kt8ch.. K t— K 7ch. and the pawns will be too strong. 41 K x Q . . 42 K x P . R x P ) . 46 B x P. 44 P— B6ch.). P x P . 43 K — R3. 40K— R2. K— B 5 . R— B4 . K— B2 . 46 R— KB4. P x P . K x B . . 42 R x K t. Clearly the rook cannot be taken.. K t x R . 47 K x P . and Black’s last hope of attack is broken.K t — Kt6ch. 39... 35... White can play R x K t for then 40 . 46 K x P . leads to no more than a draw after 39 R x R . P— R7 Threatening to win by 4 1 . 44 P— Q8=Qch. then the combination of R(6)— Kt3 with the mating threat forces White to play his pawns as in the actual game. . 38 RxKt. R x P . Kt X Pch.MCDONNELL— DE LABOURDONNAIS 13 Now 35 .. 44 P— B6. R (1)— K t7ch. . 43 . is a serious threat. 39.. 41 R— B4CI1. 42 K— R2. K— K3 (or R— K K t i . and White’s pawns compensate for the loss of the exchange. R x Q .. R— Kt8ch.. 44 K — R4. after which White has to avoid both 36 .. R— Q3 36.. R (4)— Qi In spite of the threat on K K ti. Kt— Kt4ch.

. 11 R— Qi.. K t— K 6ch. 5. 49. P— k 4 P— Q5 Kt— QB3 Bx P K t— B3 p—k 4 P— KB4 K t— K B3 B— B4 PxP A very famous game. Black has R (K)— K K t3 . R x Q 45.. 48 R ch. R (K) — K K t i .. K t x K t . R— Kt8ch. K — Q4 . P x P . 53. 46 P— Q8=Q. R— Bich. 7. etc. . 14. 48 K x P. It is the virtual though his pressure in the centre end of a very great struggle.. 1516. 0 —0 10. Q u e e n ’s G a m b it 1. R X R . P x P 43. P— B3 . K — Kt4 3. B— Kt3 . 49 R— KB8. nothing better than P x P .q4 2.. B — K t s . 13 Kt — Q5. P— Q7 51. R x R 50. P— K8=Qch. the 50th of the series. P— K7Ch. . K — K2 . 11. K x P 44. 20 Q— Kt6. Black’s reply to the text move also decides the game. 10. P— R4ch. If 45 P— Q7. 8. win­ ning the queen. White finds that a pawn on K6 exerts less pressure than one on Q5. and Black won magni­ ficently. . P— K t4. 6. K t— KKt5 O— O More decisive than K x P . 18 B— K t3. R x Q . Kt— K6 B— Q3 Kt(5) x KP leads to an equal game. P— B5 . R— R i . 9 K— B i.14 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 41. Q— K2 . 19 Q x R P . continued 7 . K— Q2 42. 10 Q— K2. 1834. B x Pch. London. 49 B — Kt7. K— R i . P xP ch . Daring. 47. for after 9 P— Q6 dis. However. 45. R— Bich.. The threat is 17 . 48. 47 KR— Qich. K— B i Resigns. 47 R x R. 4. . K — Q i . 8 B— Kts. — B7CI1.Q K ti. P— QB4 P x P Sacrificing a pawn on the Q side in order to force White to give up his KP. is then considerable. R x K t . 50 R . PxB B— KKt5 Kt x P K— R i Q— R4 B— Q5 B x Kt K— R i Kt— B3 Q— K2 QR— Qi P— QR3 Kt— Q5 GAME 2 DE LABOURDONNAIS-MCDONNELL 2nd game of the 6th match and 78th of the series. K— Kts Rx B K xR R— Q3 R xP K — Q6 K— K6 9. R— K3 46. 14 B X Q . 12. K— Kt2 52.K x P Sooner or later he must take the pawn. 12 P— Q6. 10 K t— B7CI1. . B— B3ch. K R — Q K t i. and wins. P— Q4 p . K — K i . P— B6ch. 11 B x R . 13.

R— K2 R— K K ts 31. P— KB4 gins to fight his way out. Q— Kt2 29. R— K tic h . . R x K t P x R Better was R — K3. K t— B3 23. 21 Q— R4 (not Q— Not 23 K x B. and if R— R5 . Kt— B7 . B x K t PxB 18. B— R3 R— KB5 32. nor Q— Q3. 22. P—• K5 ). R— Kt2 If Q— K3 (to prevent the Clever but not best. Better was B— R3. R— K t i . with a solid position.. and mates). Q x P 0324. win­ ning. (BLACK) MCDONNELL (WHITE) DE LABOURDONNAIS Position before Black's 22nd move. 28 BxP. Q— R5ch. White is lost. Kt.. B x P R— K K ti Threatening 28 . QR— K i 22. R— K5 . P— K5 . Q— K4). Q— Kt2 . Q— R5 . R x B c h . The only move to continue 20.DE LABOURDONNAIS— MCDONNELL 15 17. Now R— K3 was essential. for Q or R — R sch . but better was B— 21. ( D ia g r a m 3) . and mates. P— B4 This loses the pawn. After K t— B6. 28. 20. P— KB4 . . K x B R— Q5 attack on his king is stronger 26.. 30 Q— Q5. R— B2 Rx P 30. for the 25. 27 K— Kti. 21. 23 R— K3 (P x Kt. 24 R3. B x P QxP 19. Q— B3 the attack. R x K t . with a strong K — K ti. K t— B6ch.. Q— B4 P— K 5 He cannot prevent the bishop returning to the defence of the king. Q— B5 PxP than is at first apparent. BxP Reluctant to accept the offer. . 29 Q— k 3. 20 K tx 23. . K t— B6 Threatening Q x Kt. 29 K — K ti (B— R3.. 28. With the text move White be­ 19. 27. If 19 Q x P . R— R5ch. R— K3 B. 25 P x position.

Q— O5 33. but he is one move too late. ( D ia g r a m 4) The purpose of White’s 44th move is now clear. K — Q2 R— Kt3ch. whereas if only 47 K t— B2 had been avail­ . R— Q7ch. 36. R x Q 34. cutting off the Black rook. but actually continuing the plan made the previous move to bring the knight to QR3 or QR5. and later another mate on KR8) Black hopes to force 40 B x P . Black’s reply prepares a subtle counter to this plan. and is in a position to advance his own pawns. Kt— K3 R— B3 Envisaging the advance and possible queening of the QRP. 32. 35 K x R . Kt— B4 cannot be prevented. 45. B— Kt2 34- P— B5 K— Kt2 Now Black seems to have succeeded in his plan to halt the QRP. R x P . R— R3 R— R8ch.QxQch.i6 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD threatened checks on K ti and Kt3). K— K i 43. K— K ti 41. P— R6 R— K B i R— Q3 R— B4 P— B6 (BLACK) MCDONNELL ( w h it e ) d e l a b o u r d o n n a i s Position before White's 40th move. 44. By this sudden counter­ attack (threatening R— KKt3 and R— R4 Mate. P— R5 38. B— Kt7 39. R— R8 35. Both players are still scheming to win. . . R X Rch. Apparently accepting the bait. ending the threat on the QR file. P— R4 36. White could not hope to win. K -K t4 46.K— Q3 This unassuming move is a necessary preparation for yet another plan to advance the QRP. 45. K— B i 42. 37. K t— Qsch. R— KB2 After 34 B x P. 40. Q— Q5 would lead to positions similar to those in the text. 44K -B 3 Hoping to induce White to waste time capturing the QBP while he mobilises his K side.

B— R i R— K ti P— Kt6 P— R6 P— R7 K— Kt6 R— QKt3 R— K ti Resigns. 47. R— R5 (aiming to get rid of both White’s Q-side pawns for his rook) . K3ch.. R— R8 (more point to White’s 44th. P— Kt5 B x Pch. 56. K— Kt6 53. 58.. B— Kt7 Kt— B4 P— B7 R-K3 57 Kt— Not P— B 8 = Q .. 62. Kt— B4 P— R4 If R— R5 . with a draw. and only then Kt— R5. R x B . 49 P — Kt4. 60. though he stood a better chance of drawing by R x P . 63.R .DE LABOURDONNAIS— MCDONNELL 17 able. which is to reopen the diagonal. R(8)— R4 or R5. K— R6 . White is now in difficulties and his next move suggests that the best plan he can find is to play B— B8 and then sacrifice the bishop for the RP. the pawns begin to fall. Black therefore proceeds with his own plans.. 58. P— R8=Q R x Q 52. 52. . Black could now play R— R7CI1. R— B i K— Kt7 54.Q i p -b 3 Cutting off the bishop and threatening P— B7. 49 R x P . 65 R— Kt3ch. 48. P— R7 K— Kt5 51. Kt— Q2 P— Kt4 P— R5 Finding the correct method just in time. 49* K— B2 R— Qx 50.). 48 B x R . Kt— R3 R— Q8ch. 61. P— R4. B x R White is now two pieces ahead but Black’s pawns are becoming increasingly dan­ gerous. 50 K— B3. 55. Black could have replied 47.. 57. 48 P— Kt3. 59. For after 64 Kt— Bich. with the K on Q2.

Black gets a very strong attack by P x K t . Now the game transposes into a quiet version of the Giuoco Piano. de Saint-Amant (1800-1873) became the leader of French chess after the departure of de Labourdonnais from France.. Q— B2 Played in Paris. 3. He won a short match against Staunton early in 1843 but in the big return match later in the year. 20. B x R P . RPxP PxP Kt— B4 PxB RxP PxP Kt— Kt6ch. Q— B3.. 13. he was decisively defeated. Kt X KP. with variations similar to those in the actual game. 10. 0 — 0 0— 0 7. Kt — K2 . B— KKt5 P— Q3 8. 9. which was virtually for the world championship. 17. B xB Or 18 R P x P . 21. B— KKt3 P— R 3 B— KR2 P— Q4 P— Kt4 P— KR4 P— R 5 Kt— KR4 P— Kt5 The normal gambit continua­ tion of the King s Bishop's Opening is P— Q4. Boncourt was a strong French master who drew a match with Szen in 1835. 19 Kt XB. which would at present be answered by 13 . If White replies 18 P— Q5. C. Giuoco P ia n o 1. P— R4 K— R i P— R3 R— K K ti 13. 12. B x B . 19. 21 Q— K2. 18. 8. B— B4 Kt— K B 3K t— B3 P— B3 B— Kt3 6. 4. B— K3 QKt— Q2 P— KR3 B— R4 K— R2 The game has suddenly be­ come exceedingly critical. B x B . GAME 3 BON COURT—SAINT-AMANT 11. 14 14 Kt x B. B— B4 3. threatening Kt— Kt6ch. 1516. P— QKt4 The advance of the Q side pawns in this opening was later strongly commended by Bird. .Q 3 P— K4 Kt— KB3 While White prepares an at­ tack in the centre with P— Q4. F. 14. . P— K4 2.i8 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD P. 1839. R x P . 5. i g K t x P . Preparing to support a K side attack with R— K K ti. 20 P x B . 18.P . An un­ successful appearance at the Birmingham tournament of 1858 was his only other incursion into competitive play.

brings Black’s attack to one of its successful conclu­ sions. winning. Q— K2 Kt— B5 32. He must therefore take the rook while it is still there. Nevertheless 24 Kt x B still gave him better chances. P x K t . 25 Q— Q2 (not R— Q3>R . If 23 Kt(4) x P. P x K t . R— R5 . with a winning game. P— Kt5 (b l a c k ) White also plays to win . P x P 30. 27 R— Q7.. R— R8ch. R x B c h . 24.K t— B3 (WHITE) BONCOURT Position before Black's 24th move. . 28 K— K ti. R— R5. . R x B c h . Q— R5 . The best line was 23 K t x B . R— Q i . Black brings all his pieces on to good squares before recovering the piece. . K— K t3 . 26 Q— QB2. 25. Q— B4ch. 30. 28. while if 23 Kt (3) x P . 27. 25. QR— Qi Now the form of Black’s attack is clear. 23. 28. K t— K6ch. . Kt x K t . Kt X R Now 28 P x Kt does not win a piece because R— R3 in reply followed by the capture on his KB2 leaves him the exchange down. 35 K— B i. 28 K x R . when R xB ch. 26 Kt X R. 26 K x R . 24 Kt x Kt. . ignoring the threatened loss of the K P and continuing the attack at all costs. . (D ia g r a m 5) If 33 K t x P . R— R5 . 24. 34 Qx Q . K — K ti R— B2 RxBch. 25 K— K ti. 29P x K t . K t— R4 31. 29. Q— R5ch. Kt— B3 PxP R— K B i 0— K2 s a in t -a m a n t And now not 30 P x K t . 26 R(B)— Qx. R(Kt)— R5. R x R . K — K t3 33. QxRch. K txB R— R5 Of course not 25 P x Kt. P x Kt Not P xR ch. PxQ ch. K t— Ktsch. Q— K2. 25 Kt— B3. he is a piece ahead and hopes to capture another while Black goes after the condemned bishop. 22.. 26. 24 K t x B . . . R x Bch. P x K t PxP 23.R i . 24 QR— Qi.BONCOURT— SAINT-AMANT 19 A splendid continuation.

40 K— Kt4.P— Q4 P— K4 Kt— KB3 Q— K2 Kt— K4 P— b 3 8. R— Q2 . K— Kt3 P— K5 PxKt A brilliant conclusion to a tremendous game. 39. R— B2 . London. or 39 R x R . author of a number of books. Cochrane. P— K5 . . K in g ’s B is h o p ’ s O p e n i n g 1. P x P P— K4 Resigns. 43 K— B2. p .B— Kt3 co & 1 & Better was P x P at once. 44 K— Ktx. P— K4 2. a position he was generally considered to have attained after his victory over Saint-Amant in Paris in 1843. Horwitz.R x P Q -k3 4 .Q xP 6.Q 3 9 KKt— K2 P— KR3 10. R -Q 3 QxP KxQ R-Q7 R xP R— B5 PxRch. organising the first game by telegraph and the first international tournament. actually loses shows how carefully Black has calculated the whole of the pre­ ceding play. His record in match play is unequalled by any other British player. 40 Kt— Q4. P -K R 3 P . RxP R— B5 That this move. 37 38. 41 Kt— •K6. R— Kt2ch. GAME 4 STAUNTON—SAINT-AMANT 2nd match game. 0— 0 B -K 3 BxB 12. H. R P x B 14.b 5 Kt— K4 13. P— K6ch. 38. . P— B4 11. 7 .Kt— QB3 P x P Kt— B3 5. Harrwitz and Jaenisch. threaten­ ing Kt— Q3. 40. K— B3 . K x R . 42 Kt— Q8.20 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 33 34 35 36 . for if 39 R— Qi. B— B4 3 . K— B4 . On the other hand after the better 38 K— Kt3. Staunton (1810-1874) was the only British player to become world champion. White can hardly save the ending. He was a profound theorist. which looks perfectly good. the editor of the first successful chess magazine and a great pioneer. P— K7 . P— K4. 43 R— K i. A weak heart limited his capacity for strenuous play after 1849. among his other conquests being Popert. As a result of Black’s in- . QxQch. 1843.

K t— Kt6 But now White rushes matters too fast. 28 P— B4. R— Q K ti B— Q2 Kt(4)— Q2 KR— R i Q— Qi Kt— R4 B— K2 K t— Q4 29. K x R . 18. 20. B x K t 32. B — K i 30. QR— B i . B— R5 Q— B i 20. 24KtxKt BxKt P— B4 K t— B3 Q— B3 B— R5 K txP P— QKt4 If P x P . 33. White returns to the attack with a splendid fighting com­ bination which all but secures the draw. Kt— B3.U j Position before White's 37th move. Q— Kt4 (b l a c k ) Q— K4 s a i n t -a m a n t Losing a pawn. 33 B— B4. P— Q4. . P— B6 PxB P— Kt3 N ow 19. 14. and Black is able to counter the flank attack with a thrust in the centre which recovers the pawn. B x B Not 18 B— R5.Q K t3 . . but if 24 R— K i. 21. Q -Ö 3 P . P— B3 26. Black cannot reply 37 . 17. K t x K t . 26 K t x B . 18. The line chosen is less decisive but good enough. 35. ( D i a g r a m 6) 37* R x P Just as Black appears to be consolidating his advantage. 15. 2425. X ---XJ-----------.STAUNTON— SAINT-AMANT 21 different opening White has now much the better game. 16. and Black controls the K file. 27 B— B7. P— Kt5 P— Q4 KR— K i (WHITE) STAUNTON Forced by the threat of P— Q Kt3. It is now Black who calls the tune. 23.. R— K B i P— Q5 K txK t B— Qi B— Kt4 If B— B2 . 28.P— QKt3. 29 R x P. B— K t 4 . 38 Q— Q7ch. 22. Q -K B 3 P— Q6 36. 0—0 34. Black could safely con­ tinue Q X P . 20 Kt— KB3 first was better.. show­ ing that he should have played B — Kt4 a move earlier. 35 Q— B5Black threatens R— K6. 25 P— B4. A/. Q x B P . Kt— Q2 31.

69 R— B6. 59. as he discovers. K — K t i . 51. 41 R— B^ch.. Q x Rch. K . R— K2 QxRch. The win­ ning line was 68 ..Q 7 < * .. 64. K x P 44. K — Kt4 K — Q3 R X P K— B4 R— Ktsch. R— B5ch.K 3 R— QB7 K — B4 R— B7ch. R— Q i. K— K5 . R— B 7 R—Kt6 R—KR7 R— Kts R— QB7 P— B5 K— Q4 P— Kt4 R— B5ch. K — K 3 . 4i42. 42 Q— B8ch.. with advantage. 45 R— Q2. 68. 60. 69. 50.. P— B6 dis. K— R3 . K x P . K — K ti If 44 R— Qi. 47. PxQdis. 63. P— R4 56. 65. 67. K— Q5 R— Kt7 P— Kt4 R— Kt5 Up to this point Black has played with exemplary pre­ cision and has foiled all White’s efforts to ensure the draw.K . 70 K x P . 40 Q— Q8ch. P x P R— Kt6 R— Kt6 . Q xQ R— Qi P -Q K t3 K — B2 K — K2 RxP R— Q5 RxKtP R— Q i R— Q5 P— Q7 R— Q6 RxKtP R— QB6 R x BP K— B3 (WHITE) STAUNTON Position before Black's 68th move.. 71 R x R . 46 P —QKt3. P— R5 71. 39. 5455. K — B i R— B7ch. K— R2 . 48 K — B2. 57. K— R i Q— K7 R— Kt7ch. 42. K— Kts.. 53. K x R Q— Q7ch. 62. 73 P— Kts. 47 K— K ti. 3738.K— R5 R—B6 K—Kt4 R—B5ch. 49 K— K i. . 444546. winning. 48. 52. 39 P x R dis. R— Q5. K — R3 K — B2. 61. 58. (b l a c k ) s a i n t -a m a n t Of course if now 42 PxRdis. 72 K x P .22 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R — K2 . ch.. . to hold the QKtP. K— R5 . R -Q 5 K -K 3 R— K ts K — B2 R— Q5 R— QKt5 R . ( D ia g r a m 7) 68. P x R . but now he errs in allowing White to obtain a passed pawn. Q— K6ch.K 4 . 49. K — K 6 . is correct. 40.

83. P x P.-K6 R— Kt8 R— B8ch. equal 2nd at Hereford. R— QKt8 R— B8ch. 81. P— Q4 KtxQP . a genial and popular British master. R— B4 K— B 5 R— B3 K— B4 K— Kt3 K -B 3 K— K4 K— B4 K— K5 K— B5 Drawn.-b 7 K . and contested matches with Steinitz and Lasker . 76. 71 72 73 74 75 K— B3 K— Q4 K— K4 K— B5 R x Pch. RxKtP R -Q B 5 K -Q 5 K— B6 P— B6 R— QB8 P -B 7 Now the draw is certain. his best results being 1st at London. 1885. H. his success was limited by a predilection for risky and unusual openings. 1879 and 1889. 90. R— Kt6ch. 72 K— B3. known as the Pleiades. 86. So magnificent a struggle in an off­ hand match made a later set match a virtual certainty. R— QKt6 82. 77 78. Horwitz was one of the most eminent of the famous and brilliant school of seven German masters. 1851. 1st round.-K6 K . P— K4 P— K4 2. R— Q6ch. R— K8ch. just after that player had become world champion. He met both Morphy and Anderssen.STAUNTON— SAINT-AMANT 23 Better than 71 Rx Kt P. he only lost by the odd game in 17. Kt— KB3 Kt— QB3 3.-B6 K . 75 - K . R— B8ch. against Steinitz in 1866. 1877. RxPch. London tournament. A player of dashing originality. 88. 79 80. GAME 5 BIRD—HORWITZ R uy L opez 2nd game. Bird (1830-1908). E. 89. 87.-b 7 K .-K6 K . K xP The way White now shuffles down the file without allowing Black a' check is amusing. 85. and 3rd at Philadelphia. which flourished between 1836 and 1846. B. played regularly in international tournaments between 1851 and 1899. 1. B— Kts Kt— B3 4. 84. . 85. He resided in England after 1845 and it was during this latter part of his career that he was associated with Kling in the compilation of their famous book of end-game studies.

B— Kt3 KtxP Kt— K4 Kt— Kt3 PxP O— O Satisfied that he can hold the threat to his bishop. the more solid R— K i does not achieve all it might because of his failure to take the pawn on the 7th move. The rook is to be forced off the KKt file. is answered by Q . 7. White cannot reply R— K K ti because of R— K8. playing to win the centre pawn. 24 Q— R6. 12. 27. 9. KtxKt P— K5 O— O PxKt Kt— Q4 16. 17. 23. 9. so that the queen will be left undefended and a further pin made possible on the diag­ onal. 18 R moves. The likely looking KR— K i only gives a draw after 23 P— B4. 10. 6. P x K t . 21. Black finds a brilliant defence. Q— K2 Pinning the BP on the queen. 11.Q— R4 If 17 R x Q . Kt x B *3.Q—r 5 P— Q3 Beautifully conceived. 16. P x P was better. Black defends skilfully after his initial weak play. Q— B i . K— R i 25 . B— QB4 B— B4 8. for which he has an ingenious defence pre­ pared. recovering the piece with a winning game. P-QB3 P-QR3 B— K2. 25 Q— Kt5. but he cannot put it into opera­ . 26. ).. 18. 7. winning the queen. 24.Q— Kt 5 QR— K i Q— B7 14. 5. 26QxBch. 20. which also hinges upon the pin of the KBP.QR— K i Kt— Q4 By sacrificing another pawn White has developed a danger­ ous attack and threatens Kt— B6ch. A waiting move. P— B4 Q— Q5ch. He has another pretty defence against the ad­ vance of the RP. but K— Kt2 was better. 12. Q x P was strong and took full advantage of Black’s 4th move. would lose a piece.34 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Allowing White too much scope. Q— K2 .. 22. 19. R -K B 3 Q -Q 7 P— KR4 P— B3 Now Kt— B6ch.B— Kt5 Q x P 15. Q— K2 (not P— KR3. K t x Q .R 5. Kt— B3 17. Now and in the following moves White plays for attack at all costs . BxKt R— K3 Q xP R— Kt3 Q— R4 QxKt PxB B— B4 B— Kt3 Q— K4 Q xP An unnecessary gambit.

K— R2 P— K 5 36. 34 P x P (not R— B6ch.. R— R8ch. 38. threatening R— R8 Mate. 28. R— Kt3ch. P x B QPxP A graver error. Black should not hope after his pre­ vious move for more than a per­ petual check. 44. RxPch. 34 PxPch. K x Q 32. R— B i Not K — Kt2 . R P x P . 34. 38 P x P . ( D i a g r a m 8) Apparently turning the tables entirely for if the queen moves. R— R3ch. 45..K— Kt3 R— B6ch. method of keeping his flag flying. Q x R . Q xR R— R3ch. 38 R— B8. 30 P— R 6 c h . 40 R(6)— Kt6. and 32 Qx Q . R— B8 Q— Q5 41. Prettily destroying Black’s position. and strange coming from a famous end­ game composer. R x B Forced. P x P KxP 35. 31. K— R4 If K— R2 .. 29. But White’s task even now presents difficulties. After K — K2 . R— B7ch. P x Rdis. win­ ning the exchange. K— K t i . wins). 42. 43. Now the king will be entirely exposed. BxPch.. Correct was K x P . K — Kt5 R xQ K— B5 R— B8ch. in playing to win he loses. 30.. 33.. K— Kt5 . QxRch. But though both pawn advances are held White finds another gallant. If K — Kt2 .ch. K x R . threatening R(6)— Kty. which is answered by K— Kt2 . K— R2 If K— R4 . 37 RxQch. 35 R— B7ch. if not quite sound. and not by K— Kt4 . 40. 31 P x R dis. Q x P .K — R3 39. K — K6 K— Kt3 (BLACK) HORWITZ (WHITE) BIRD Position before White's 29th move. Black’s extra pawns should win. Q— Q8ch. . 31 Q— B6 Mate).BIRD— HORWITZ 25 tion until P— R5 leaves the queen undefended again. 33 P x B . 31 P x R. 36 R— B4ch. P— R5 R— K4 An error. 41. 35 R(i)— Bsch. K x B ( K — R i . K— Kt2 ..

He always retained an interest in the game. 46. P— Kt4 K— B7 If P— B7 . K t— B4 P— B5 10. K— K3 Kt— Kt7ch. O— O Kt — QB3 8. P— B4 R— QKt8P— Kt4 R— Kt6 P— B5 R x R P P— B6 R -Q B 6 K . 2. . 56.Q 7 K— B4 P— K6 R— Q6ch. If now P— K 8=Q or P— B7 .. If White had played 45 K— K ti. 57. P— QKt4 B— Kt3 2nd match game.26 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD K — K ti was much stronger. P— KB3 Kt— Kt4 9. 58 R x Kt. GAME 6 VON DER LASA-STAUNTON Modem practice is Kt— KB3. B— R4 B— QB4 11. Kt— K2 P— QB4 7. 50. White’s method of play is an­ swered by Staunton with crush­ ing logic.K . K— R i Kt— K3 12. K i n g ’ s B is h o p ’ s O p e n i n g 1. K — Kt2 . and 50 K— B i. K— Q3 KxR P— Kts Resigns. but an unfinished series against Staunton in 1853 was his only play of a competitive nature. K— B7 . K— K7 53. B— K t3 Kt— K5 6. . Black would have been forced into 51 .. 47. 57 R— Rich. von Heydebrandt und der Lasa (1819-1899). the most brilliant and the strongest of the German “ Pleiades/’ was prevented after 1840 from participating in competition play by his duties as an Ambassador of the Prussian court. 3. 45. K— B8 55. P— Kt5 59. Now Black comes almost within reach of victory again. 56 R— R i Mate. 49. wins. 1853. R— R2ch. P— K8=Ktch. A cut and thrust game of exceptional bril­ liance all through. R x K t 58. R— KR6 P— K7 54. Brussels. 51. 55. 48. 52. 4- P— K 4 P— K4 P— Q4 P x P B— QB4 K t— KB3 P -K 5 . when 52 K — K2. 4P— Q4 5.B 3 The saving clause and a pretty one.

20 Q— Qi. P x P . Q— R6. His brave effort is now over and Staunton winds up powerfully. ( D ia g r a m 9) now threatens 29 P x Pch. K x P . 2 1P — Kt4. 30 R x Ktch. B— R3 O— O 16. 19 Q— K i. 18 B x R . and now if 33 Q x K B P . P— B4 B— KB4 15. White in turn The saving clause and a splen­ did one. Q x B 22. Clearly the pawn cannot be captured with­ out loss of a piece. R— Kt3 R— Q3 P— B3 K t x P was threatened. P x P 19.. B x B . 23.Q — Kt8ch. P— Kt5 Kt— K2 Safe enough. 25. 18 B x P. Kt— Q5 . and Black’s Kt x P would now be answered by 29 PxPch. 29. Q— B3 33.B xK t. Kt — K7 (threatening Q— R5 and Kt— K t6 ). Staunton even recom­ mended the sacrificial line 17 .i3 K txK t. I4Q xP. R— K i. 21 B— Qi. Kt— Q6. 26.VON DER LASA— STAUNTON 27 IfB xP . but better was von der Lasa’s suggestion 17 . and 31 R x K t by.. K t x K t B x K t 14. P x P . 31 R— K t3.. 28. B — Q5 > 22 R— QKti. K t— Q2 P— Q6 17. 13. R— Qi Kt— Kt3 Q— B i 28. K t— Q5 . 32 R x Pch. Moreover. .. R(3)xP In a difficult position White produces a magnificent move to make a fight of it. 30. 19 Q x B . 31 P— B5 would now be answered by R— K6. K— R i . 27. 20 P x P. R— Kt4 Kt x P Q— B2 Q x Kt would allow mate. B— B2 BxP R— K i BXB (BLACK) STAUNTON (WHITE) VON DER LASA Position before Black's 28th move. Kt— B2 32. . the beautiful move 0 . R— B3 20. K x P > 30 Q— Bsch. Q— B3 30. K t— B5 . Q x B . 21. 31. 24. If B— Kt3 . B— Kt2 K t— K ti K t— R3 R— R3 R— K B 1 P— K6 Q— QB4 QR—=Qi Q— K2 P— KR3 Q— B4 If 30 P— B5.B 7. 18.

B x P Q— Ksch. 1862. R uy L opez Lines involving P— B3 and P— Q4 were only developed later. P— B3 B— B2 B— B4 P— QKt4 1. After a meteoric career he retired completely. Morphy (1837-1884). 9. Anderssen (1818-1879) did not become prominent until he was 30 years of age. 6. Paris. P— Kt3 RxKt QxRP p— Kt4 P— KR4 PxR Q— R2 37. P— Q4 PxP KtxP P— KR3 O— O Introducing for the first time the defence now named after him. has claims to be regarded as the greatest player of all time. 3. being afflicted with a form of melancholia. 8. but then rapidly became known as the most brilliant combinative player of his time. In style he was sound and deep but capable of exceptional brilliance when opportunity offered. 7. and Baden-Baden. and was regarded as the world champion from his victory at the London tournament of 1851 until his loss of a match to Steinitz in 1866 . 36. P— K4 P— K4 Kt— KB3 Kt— QB3 B— Kt5 P— QR3 Better was B— Kt3 to hinder Black’s P— Q4. Q— Kt4ch. P. A. His career was limited almost entirely to the years 1857 to 1859. 2. 1858. 5. Lowenthal and Harrwitz. 1870. the greatest master of the open game. . GAME 7 ANDERSSEN-MORPHY 4. the only break in this period of supremacy was when Morphy was playing.28 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 33 34. *n which time he defeated every player he met including Anderssen. K— B2 38. Resigns.P— Q3 Kt— B3 2nd match game. 7. B— R4 5 . Among his other great tournament victories were London. Q x P QxKt 39. 35.

B x P. 15 Kt— K 2. 21 B x B . 18 R— Q i). for if 19 R— K i. 17 Kt— B3 K t x P . 20 Kt x Kt.. PxP 12. Kt— B5 The counter-attack begins to gather weight. The alternative 16 Kt x P would be answered by Kt— B3 . O— O 11. B— K3 R— K i 18. K t . 16 P— R3. given by Zukertort was 24 . .ANDERSSEN— MORPHY 29 10. . The only alternative was B— Q3.B i PxB B xP Morphy has now manoeuvred himself into a position where the isolated pawn can be captured What was good a move earlier is now inferior. . 22.. 21. Kt— K2 Kt— Q4 (WHITE) AN D ER SSEN Position before White's 19th move. 2324. The correct line. P x P B— Kt3 13. 25 Q x . wins). 11. 16 Q— B3. 20. P— R3 16. 16 Q— B3. 17 P— R3. but over the board it would be a danger­ ous venture. B x K t . Kt x K t ..B 3 Kt(Q)— Kt5 14. 22 Q xR . BxR Q xB Kt— K2 Kt(3)— R4 Kt x Kt Kt x Kt Q— Q2 BxP Threatening Q— B2. If 14. The diag­ onal could be opened without allowing an isolated pawn by 11 Kt x P. > 16. Q . B— Kt3 . K t x Q P ( B x P . A simple and good reply was 23 . Kt— Kt3 B— B5 [Diagram 10] 19. Kt x P . B— K 3 . (D ia g r a m 10) with impunity. Kt— O4. R x R c h . Zukertort has shown that Black can prob­ ably just weather it. . B x Kt (Q x K t . and on such small nuances do success and failure so often depend. . B— K ti B— K3 Refusing to be tempted.. 23. 19. B— K 3 . White therefore takes his courage in both hands and sacrifices the exchange. 15. and White has a very dangerous attack. but the pawn is a bait in Anderssen’s plan. Kt— R2 . Kt— Q4 . 17 Q— B2. 12 P— Q4. Q x B . 15 Kt x Kt. Kt— B3 17. P— Q4 P— R3 (&LACK) MORPHY Anderssen prepares to attack along the diagonal. 17 Q— K4.

If now 30 . 31 R— Kich. K — K2 . P x Q . 31.30 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD RP.. 31 Q— B6ch. Q x K t . 3940. White can force a draw by 28 K t— K7ch. Q— Q3ch.K— B i 29. R— Qi Q— Q3ch. 28 B x R . . 30 B x R . Q— Kt5ch. 26 B— R2ch. Once again the simple text move seems to leave White no future. P— KB3 . or he can play an ending with two minor pieces against a rook after 28 Kt x B. R x B). 27 Kt— R4. PxQ K— B i And it is only this brilliant continuation which shows up the weakness of Black’s 24th move. . 3738. 32 Q xQR. . . Q x RP 26. K— R i . 30. B x K t R— K8ch. K t x B And once again White finds a surprise move to keep his game alive. K— R2 27. Black has fought his way through all White’s brilliancies into an ending where he is the exchange ahead. K x B .. 4344R -Q 2 R(R)— K i P— KKt4 R(i)— K4 P— b 3 R— K8 P— KR4 R -Q 4 K — K t3 P— R4 P— R5 K— K ti K— B2 R— K i K— K t3 K— R2 K— B4 R— K2 K— K t3 p — b 3 K — B4 R— K i K — K t3 R— K2 Drawn. 33343536. 25. R x R ... Equally White can do nothing with his K side pawns so long as Black sits tight. K — K i 30. R— K8ch.. 27. 29 Qx Q .. .. Q— R6ch. (Kt— R4. Black has no target for his rooks and he cannot play K — R 3 because of Kt— Bsch. only to find that White can nevertheless hold everything. Q x Q 32. Even so Morphy’s line is not obviously inferior by any means. 29 B— R7ch. R xB 28. .. 27 K— R2. with a probable draw. Q x Kt ( R x K t . R— K K ti . Kt— K5 wins). 4i42. Now if 27 .

Baden-Baden. The text move has the advan­ tage that White is denied the square QB3 for his knight. 7. Q -Q 2 Kt— Kt3 B -Q 5 B— K t3 Q R . and 2nd prizes at Dundee. and St. 1871. was world champion from 1866 to 1894. 1882. an equal 1st at Vienna. he was finally beaten by Lasker. 141516. 11. 3. Steinitz (1836-1900). Either White has slightly the better development for his pawn and now starts an ingenious attack which turns a material disad­ vantage to a material ad­ vantage. Vienna. though possibly playable.K i P— B4 BxB KPxB QKt— K 4 K txK t KtxKt Q -Q B 3 Kt— Kt3 [Diagram n ] P— b 5 The Compromised Defence by 7 . 6. 1883. 1866. 1314P -Q 3 B— KKts K K t— K2 QKt— Q2 P— k r 3 B— R4 0— 0 Kt— Kt3 B— K t3 P— KR3 B— k 3 Q R -Q i 3rd match game. 8. 12. E v a n s G a m b it 1. His tournament record. and the first great master of position play. though slightly less impressive. and New York. 910. 20. two against Zukertort. and besides winning against Anderssen he won among others three matches against Blackbume. GAME 8 ANDERSSEN—STEINITZ Q— Kt3 or K t— Kt5 was pre­ ferable. two against Tchigorin. 4. leads to too difficult a game for over-the-board play. 5. 19. . 2. He was an outstanding match player. 1894. a Bohemian Jew. 1867. . Q x P But this makes even less of the position than usual. 1718. 21. London.ANDERSSEN— STEINITZ 31 W. one against Mackenzie and one against Gunsberg. . 1870. 8. P x P. . Petersburg. P— K4 P— K4 Kt— K B 3 K t— QB3 B— B4 B— B4 P— Q K t 4 B x P P— B3 B— B4 P— Q4 P xP P— Q6 0 —0 Preventing P—-Q4. 1873. London. a form of development which seems essential if White is to get up a good attack. included 1st prizes at London. 1896. hindering Black’s cast­ ling.

R(4)— Qi R — Kt4 would allow B x Pch. is not entirely satis­ factory after 31 .32 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (b l a c k ) s t b in it z (w h i t e ) a n derssen Position before White's 21st move. Black allows White to win a pawn on the Q side rather than indulge in difficult and elaborate defensive measures. R— QB3 . . 35 Qx B) .b 5 QxRP B— R2 Q— K t7 R— Q4 p—b4 P— B5 K t— R5 Q— K t3 P -R 6 The position is extremely Black is not to be drawn. q. R— K5 . 34 P— Kt4. R x R . (not P— B6 . 32 Kt— B7ch. P— QR4 . for White’s extra pawn is of less value than Black’s attacking chances. 27 K t— Kt5. 35 K t— Q6. R— K3 Now White’s troubles are severe. Q— Q6ch. 36 Q x B .p . but now White has a chance of utili­ sing his pawn which he seizes in splendid style. 39 Q— K t5 .. P x P . 23. . B x K t . 32. R— B 3 . 28. (D i a g r a m ii ) critical now owing to Black’s mating threat. 31. 35 B x P. 29. 24QXRP. Kt— K4 . though the alternative 31 Q— Q5ch. 32 Q— Q3) . R x K t ) . with advantage. P— QR4 B— Qi If 26 . White there­ fore offers the QRP to draw the Black bishop off the dangerous diagonal. 35 B x P . 31. 24.. If in reply . 25 B x P ) . R— B i (R— K2 . .. or R x K t . . K t x P Q— K3 26. 33 Q— Q3 (Kt x B .P — K R 4. P x P . 24 P— Q6. . Q x K t . K txP R— K7 Both players go all out for attack . P— Q6 PxP 25. 36 R— Kt2). 30. 22. 34 P— KKt3. 35 K — B i. 36 K— K ti. QxBch.. 34 K X R. B— Kt3 32. B x K t . K— R2 . The text proves to be merely loss of time which puts his knight in chancery. K txP PxP Q— B4 If 22 . threatening 28 R— Q6. K t— B6ch. K— R i (K— R2 . B— K2 ( Px Pe . 23 Q x B . 33 R x B . P— R5 B— B4 [Diagram 12] 34 - 21... 27... Q— B7ch. . 33. 37 K— R i. 38 Q— Q7. for if 33 K t— Kt5. .

39. 41 R— Q8. B x 50 51 A serious error.. K— R i RxBch. . BxP I f R x P .QxQch. 37. whereas after K t— B4 .K x R 45. R— Q 2 . B x K t . . He therefore sacrifices the QRP in order to break out of Black’s grip36.Q— Q5ch. Black delays the capture of the knight until he has attended to the threat of P— R7. for the knight is soon reduced to abject help­ lessness. 38 R— K6. 35. 39 Q x Q . temporarily giving up the bishop. the im­ mediate threat of R— Qi is only subsidiary to his real plan. as P. K t x B RxPch. K — B4 K t-Q 3 (WHITE) ANDERSSEN Position before White's 34th move. K— R i 36. Q— K4 R— B3 40. K t— R5 . 36 P— R8=Q. . R x R K — R2 A move as subtle as White’s defence has been fine.. K t x Q . K— B i Kt— Q6 K t— B6 47Now follows a difficult knight end-game in which it is doubt­ ful whether Black’s extra pawn is sufficient to win. R— K2 34The thrusts and counter­ thrusts are most exciting. ( D ia g r a m 12) 3 4 . 46. The play on both sides is most brilliant. winning. R x Q 42. He sees that the forced exchange of queens is imminent and evolves a plan to continue the attack without the queen . Ser­ geant has shown. Q x P ch . and the threat to Black’s BP enables White to draw.ANDERSSEN— STEINITZ (BLACK) STEINITZ 33 K t . forcing the queen off the diagonal.K— Kt2 K t X Rch. 38. W. 37 KR— K i . 35 P— R7. 40 R(6)xB. 43Kt— B6ch 44. 4i. K t— Kt5 R— K3 The point. KR— K i RxRch. . . White being always hampered by the neces­ sity of keeping his queen on the long diagonal. P— R7 White still cannot rescue his knight because of the answer 36 . R— K2 . 47 48 49 K — K t3 K— K2 K t— B4 K — B3 K t— K 3 K t— K5ch.

K t— Kt5 . K -K 5 P— B6 P— Kt4 P— R4 K . 1878. He was for a long time regarded as Steinitz’s only great rival but in their two matches. 63. P— Kt6 63. 62.P ^4 P— K4 2. K— R2 Si- 57. 67 P— Kt4. winning. in 1872 and 1886. 66 P x P. From this moment White’s chances of saving the game vanish. K — k 7. Zukertort (1842-1888) was a Pole who lived in England from 1871. 65 Kt— Kt2ch„ P x K t . THE CHESSBOARD 52. 60. Even now the White knight cannot come back into play. P— Kt6 . GAME 9 ZUKERTORT—STEINITZ Giuoco P ia n o I. K t— K 6 . He scored quite remarkable wins in tournament play. 63 K t— Q5.K — Bx 55. Kt— Kt6). London. H. K t— K6 (preventing K t— B2ch. including 1st prizes at the great tournament at Paris. 69 K t— B2ch.). be­ cause of K — K7 . 5960.K t 3 Kt— B4ch. 68 Kt— B3. He was a very gifted and very brilliant player but of a nervous temperament and indifferent stamina. K— K7 . K— Q6 . 67 K t— K ti (Kt— Kt 5. K t— B4 . 69 P— Kt6. Kt X P . K t— R3 Atkins has shown that no For after 64 K— R2 (Kt— R3. K t— B2ch. 1881. K tx P). 62 K— K ti. 1872. winning. K— Q7 .K t 5 Of course not 63 P x P . B— B4 B— B4 1st match game. 64 Kt— B4ch„ K— K8 . for if 60 K t— B2.K— Ktx 56. P— Kt7 and wins. K— Q6 62. P— K t3 K t— Qsch. and equal 2nd at Leipzig. J. K t . 1877. 68 Kt— R3. 1883. K — B6 . K— K7 . K— Kt2 54. Kt— Kt6 preventing K t— K4). 58.K t 5 PxP PxP K— K ti better was 62 K t— Kt4ch. K — R2 P . K t— K B 3 K t— QB3 3. 61 Kt— Kt4ch. his stamina proved insufficient. P— K t6.. K— K7. winning. 68 P— Kt5. though he never understood why he failed to win. . 66 K t— R3 (Kt— B3. 2nd prize at Berlin. Kt— K i 53. K -Q 5 61.. K t— Kts . 65 K— K ti. and London.. K— K8 .BATTLES-ROYAL OF 34 it would retain its freedom of action.

. . K x R .) . P— Q6 Continuing the attack with unabated energy. 12. 7. 14. . B— Q2 . 17. RxKt P— Q4 BxP Q xB K t— B3 Q— Qi P— Q5 K t— K2 B— K t5 P— KB3 Q— Kt3 16. P— Q4 6. 7. 18 R x Kt. 19 K t x R . 0— 0 Preferring to precipitate an immediate crisis in the centre rather than follow orthodox lines. .w ith advantage. 20 K t x P . 17 Kt x P . QxKt Now not 18 R— K8ch.. . 9.. 10. . K t— Q5 PxP K txK t The force of White’s attack begins to be revealed. 11. avoiding all complications on the dangerous diagonal. P x B . threatening R— Q8 Mate. 20 Q x Kt. 8. Q x R . . R— K i KtxKP 0 —0 (WHITE) ZUKERTORT Position before White's 16th move.. B— KB4. and Black has two rooks and a minor piece for the queen. Q x P . If 1 6 . P— B3 5.Q x B . P x P K t-B 3 Px P B— Kt3 White’s attack to continue in the belief that the pressure can­ not be maintained. Q— K i . If 1 4 . 15 P— Q6 dis.ZUKERTORT— STEINITZ 35 4. . 16. . as the Black king is then still in the centre. but Black allows If now 1 7 . had not yet been invented. The simplest reply is 14 . with advantage. . 14. 16 P x Kt.. as White can now play 7 K t— B3 and Black must give up all hope of playing the QP forward two squares. ( D ia g r a m 13) Less favourable would be P— Q4 . . 18. 15. K— R i . R— B2 QR— K i K — B i (BLACK) STEINITZ Less aggressivethan the usual B— Kt5ch. preventing Black’s P— Q4 even after 6 . P x B . 17 R— Qi. .ch. 9 B x P . . 19 R xQ ch.. R x R (against R— K8ch. 13. P x B . 18 R— K s. B— Ktsch. . R— B2 . 10 K t— B3. . It should be remembered that the Moller Attack.

Q X B . Q x Q . 35.K 3 .. . for 18 . An exchange of rooks would be a surrender of his last thin chance of winning. K— Kt3 The key move of Black’s de­ QxPch.K . 19. . K x B 33. . Black’s king has therefore ad­ vanced one rank as a result of the manoeuvre of the last three moves. R— KR4 P— R6 K— Kt4 . K— R i B xR 22. 34.. Si- BxP PxB k. R— K K ti . for if 35 . 25. K— Kt 3 . . or if 35 . . . allowing Black to win another pawn or force the bishops off.36 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Moreover. 18. 20 R— K8 Mate. K— K ti R— K2 R— Q2 K— B2 P— KKt4 P— QR3 R— K i Black has nothing better than to sacrifice the QP. 28. and if Q x Q .. R— K4. K— Kt3 R— Q6ch. 36 K— Kt5. 22 K— K ti. . Kt— K5 K— K ti BxPch. 39. Q xQ B— K3 R xQ R— Q4 R— Q4 The bishop has been en prise for 12 moves. 20. with severe pressure on Black’s position. K . 37. 20 RxQch. 27 R x Q.. .. If 34 . . and sure enough White makes an error on his very next move. . White cannot con­ tinue 21 K t x P because of R x P. B— B2 by 19 R — K8ch. 24. R— B i .. or if 35 • • . B— Q2 the bishops of opposite colours indicate a probable draw....B 3 34. R— B8ch. A counter-attack just in time and a very pretty one. P— Kt 5ch. K— B4 But here Black misses the best line.b3 P— KR4 In a technically lost position White is not prepared to allow Black to proceed along known lines. After the text move White threatens 19 QxPch. 36 R— Kt2.P— KR4 30. threatening B— Q6 Mate. . Instead he throws every possible complication in Black’s way. 26QXB. Q x R . 29. 36 R— Q5. . 21 B— B4. Black has emerged from his hammering a pawn ahead but Now if R— Qsch. and Black's progress is barred. B— QB4 is answered by 19 Kt— K5.. . K— Bi would fail against 24 B— B4. P x B could at last be played for if 25 R— Qi. K x R . winning. 38. 27. 23 . P x Kt dis. 26. 36. 38. Kt x R K x Kt 23 . .. 26. and 18 . R xB B— B3 K — B2 BxP 32.Q— Q5ch. If in reply 21 K x B. 35 K— B4. but the time has come to withdraw it at last. PxP K— Kt4 R— Qsch. 21.

R— Rsch. sprang into prominence when he won the American championship in 1877. 1892.K . P -Q 4 K t— B3 B -Q 3 PxP K t— K5 0— 0 B -Q 2 B— K2 0— 0 P . 43.K t 5 A blunder. 55 K— R5. K— R3 R— Kt6ch. His play was. R x P 41. 44. 42. K— Kts. K— Kt5 . P— R4. PxP 45. u n ev e n .. R x QRP R x Pch. 58 K— K4. 54. K— Q5 . P— OB4 P— K3 2. K— B2 P— R5 49. 51. K— R5 R— K3 53. 1885. Resigns. K— R2 R— QKt8 47. R— Kt4 R— B8ch. 910.MASON— ZUKERTORT 37 40. J. Mason (1849-1905). GAME 10 MASON-ZUKERTORT London tournament. He won matches against Bird. 59 R— R i. 78. 50. Mackenzie and Blackbume. . 48. R— R3 was a much slower process. 1882. for if 41 R— R2 then R— Bich. how­ ever. K— B5. R— Kt3 K— K ti R— B i R— B7ch P— Kt4 44. 57 K— B4. 41. His style was simple and elegant and on his day he was the equal of the strongest players. Kt2. R— K4ch. 1888. 56 K— Kt4. equal 2nd at Hamburg. . and equal 3rd at Bradford. 3rd at Vienna. K— K5 54. P— K3 K t— KB3 3. K x P R— Kt3 52. He was an extremely popular chess author. R— QB3 . 1883. 46. bom in Ireland but taken to America in infancy. K t— KB3 P— Q4 456. R— Kt3ch. his best results being 2nd at London. P R 4 The second rook’s pawn to be sacrificed.Q K t3 PxP B— Kt2 P— B4 A better development is by P— QKt3 and B— Kt2. K— R2 K — R3 R— Kt3 K— B4 The only move to get the rook back into play. 42 K — Successfully and elegantly forcing the issue at last. but the result is inevitable after 54 K— Kt4. Q u e e n ’ s G a m b it D e c l i n e d 1.

20. and wins. 24. 13. B x R .. 17. K — K t 1. P x B . 12. P— B 6 . P— K t3 . 26 K t x Q . although other moves still give Black an advantage. RxP. 21 Q— Kt4. R— B2 RPxP B— R5 . R— B i BxKt B— Kt5 will not delay Black. R x P . Q — Kt4 22. 23 B xR . 11. He plays to return the exchange in order to break up White’s dangerous attack. would merely be a transposition of moves. P— Kt3 . K t x K t K t— B3 White’s 16th move comes home to roost at last.Q— Q7 In this apparently desperate predicament White still finds Not 18 P x P . he plays for a K side attack. 13 R— B i. R x K t He would be better off play­ ing to hold his material ad­ vantage by K — R i . The text is the only knight move to win the ex­ change. P— B5 . as for instance K t— K 5 . for then B— Kt2 . winning. . 11. 24 Q— B5. P -Q R 3 . P x Q . Much better was Q— K2. r2. 25 K txP ch . R— K i P— B5 P— QKt4 P— Kt5 P— QR4 B xB . 23. 16. 21. 18. K t— K2 15. B x R 25. 28 B— R6. B x B BxR R—R3 Deciding after all that dis­ cretion is the better part of valour. Q— B5 P— Kt3 [Diagram 14] 27. 26 BxQ.. K t— Kt2. 24 Better would be P— B4. . but the text surprisingly loses the exchange by preventing the QR from going to K i later. P— K4 P— R6 White is forced back. The natural reaction to Black’s Q side push is to play P— K4 as soon as possible.. 14 B— Q3. 27 K t— Kt7.38 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 10. leading in one move more to the position reached in the actual game. 18. P— K5 K t— K i 20 . He can­ not play B— Q2 because of P— Kt6. 22 B— R6. K t— Kt3 16. B— K ti 14. Q xP 26. K B x B . The text merely helps Black to mo­ bilise his Q side by enabling him to dispense with the usual P— QR3 on his 13th move. 25. B x R . 17P— R 5 K t— B5 Kt— R6ch. 19. R— K B i Q— R4 Loss of material being in­ evitable. 21 BxB.

B— K ti P— Kt6 K t— Kt2 P— B6 But this attempt to exploit his advantage is premature and loses the pawn at once. Q— B5 . 36. R— K t i . The game continued 39 Q x B P . P— K6 P— K t8=Q Kt— Kt2 (WHITE) MASON Position before White’s 27th move. Kt— B2 .). 36 R— Q K ti. ( D ia g r a m 14) means of attack.” but White with stubborn obstinacy per­ 30. to which White finds another neat answer. He therefore tries another tack. R— K i . . But White is out of the wood now and actually a pawn ahead. R— Q i . R— 33 P— Kt3. Kt— K3 . as so He finds after all that P x B often happens. K t— B2 . 44 B— K 3. Now Black recovers his bishop at least.MASON— ZUKERTORT (BLACK) ZUKERTORT 39 — Kt4. White cannot answer 30 B x Q because of P X B . B x P Kt— K3 sue the vanished win and. 31 Q— Kt4. 35 K — Kt2. for if B— R5 . K — K t i . 34. 35. KtxP A violent battle has ended in equality. Q— Q4 . Q— B4 36. Q— B5 P— B7 sists tediously in trying to pur­ 31. . 40 P— KR4.. 28 P— Kt3. if he is not to remain a piece down. Q— B3 .P— Q5 If R— K ti. 47 Q— . 33. 37. 27. 32. By rights the analyst should be able to draw a line and write “ Drawn. Q x B 29. Some­ thing like R— B i first is in­ dicated. 34 B— K 3. In addition the rook is attacked. P— Kt4 cutting off the bishop and threatening P— B8=Qch. Kt Q— B3ch. . 28.. R— R i (to 42 Q— R3. P— K t6 . P x P 38. 29 B— Kti. K— B2 . Q x Q R— K ti 34. QKt3. P— R 8 = Q . Black cannot save his bishop. 41 R— K i. 35 B— B i. then 34 . or 32 . Q— K7. makes a slip and probably only draws after 32 loses. 46 K 3. K t— K3 . QxRch. 33 R— K ti. Q xP PxB Forced. 45 B— B i. . 34 B— QBi . 43 Q— answer R— K ti with Q x Rch. Q— B7 PxP Q— Kt6 Pretty play. 32QXBP. .

K— R2 . then Q— Q8ch. Q— Kt8 White is still fighting and now threatens mate. K— Kt2 Q— Ktsch. winning. 71. 70 K moves.. Q— Ktsch. Best was P x Kt. 59. Kt— B6ch. Q— Ktsch. Q x Pch. After this. 65 K— Q3 . 54 R— B2 . Q— B2 . which breaks White’s mating threat. 55 Q -K B 3 . Kt— B4 . 58. Kt— Kt2 . 68. posi­ tional and material superiority must tell.. 63 K— Kt2. R— QBi . Q— B5ch. winning. Q— K ti. P— R4 . .40 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD KB6. Q— R7ch. K— R2 57. though it is not necessarily 65. 58. Q— Q8ch. Kt— B4 . with the same posi­ tion as after the 65th move in the game. 69 K— B i (K x Kt. K— Kt2 Kt— Rsch. R . Kt— Kt2. 53 Q— K5. Q X B . 66 K— Kt2. 66. And here is the slip 64. 63. Q— Kt6 72. K— K ti K— B i Kt— B6ch. 49 Q— Q4. 51 Q— If K— R2. Kt— Q7ch. Q -B 6 . K— R i Q— KB2 . K— R i If K— B i. 48 B— K t2 . Q— B i 61. K— Bi Resigns.. 70.. 68. 52 Q— Q4. 50 R— QBi. R— B2ch. Q— Q3ch. fatal. R— K2ch. . and wins). and Black can hardly hope to win. Kt— Rsch. . 62.. Now White must lose a second pawn. 59 K— Kt2. KtxKtP Q -Q 3 Playing the king to the 3rd rank would allow mate in two. R— B2 66. B2 . Now if K— Kt2. 67. Q— B4. 62. Q— Kt3ch. 57 P— Kt3. Kt— B4 Q— K4 Q— QB5 Q— Kt7ch. R— K2 . 67 Q— Kt6. K— Kt2 73. K— Kt2 K— R2 Q— R3ch. 60. 61.Q i . 64. 56 Q— K2. 69.

Bum (1848-1925) was one of the finest of all British masters. and 2nd at Breslau. B— Q3 B— Q2 R -Q B i 9. 17. London. Between 1870 and 1887 he only played in England. BxBP So far White has had de­ cidedly the best of it and is now ready to resume his Q side operations. B— Q3 19. B— K B i 16. P— Kts P— Kt3 P— KR3 K t— R2 4th match game.b 5 13. Black seeks to provoke a target for his own attack on the other wing. P— 04 P— k 3 3. H.Q K t3 P— B4 Kt— B3 5. QKt— Q2 P x P B -Q 3 7. Afterwards competing abroad also he was strikingly successful. A.P . He has no objection to falling in with Black’s plan since his white squares can be protected by his bishop. though his quiet unobtrusive style caused him to be overshadowed in the public imagination. P— B4 [Diagram 15] 21. Q u e e n ’s P aw n G am e I.P . 17. Kt— K i Kt— K5 21. 1889. frequently played in European master tournaments. P— B4 Kt— K2 11.P x P 8. H js best results were 1st at Frankfort. R— K2 K t— K t3 P— B4 In order to play P— B4.BURN— MACKENZIE 41 G. 18. R— K i B— K ti 12.B— Kt2 6. GAME 11 b u r n . 19. but scored a continuous run of first prizes. K t— KB3 P— 04 K t— KB3 2. his best results being 1st prizes at Amsterdam. Mackenzie (1837-1891) was a Scotsman who in 1863 emigrated to New York and became an American citizen.Q K t 4 K t— K t3 14. 1886. and the Black knight’s retreat will allow White to enforce a weakened Black KP.P -Q R 4 K t— B5 In view of White’s decision to play on his Q side majority. He was an exceptionally brilliant player and besides being American champion for many years. 1889. p .P— k 3 4. 1888.m a c k e n z ie 15. 1898. and Cologne. K t— B3 20.0— 0 0— 0 10. 1887 and 2nd at Bradford. Black must there- .

P . Q x P (threatening Q— R8 Mate) . K t x Q P K t— R6ch. 40 K t x Q P . 26 B x K t . Q— Q2 39.P— R6 RxKtP 34. K x K t . 24 K — B i (K— R i. 39. threatening Kt xQ P.B— Q3 36. Q x K t 25. in reply to his intended Kt— K5. B— . B— Kt2 31. (D i a g r a m 15) fore adopt fighting tactics if he is to have any counter-chances. K— R i 38. K t— K 7ch. P x B KtxKBP 23. Kt— Kt2 30. K t— B7 Mate). After 39 Q X Kt. and after K t— R6ch. Kt— B5 K txB To prevent Q— Kt4ch. 27. P x P . K — K t2 .. Q— Kt2 Not Q— Q i . Q X R . > R x P . 26.. and though some preparatory moves to strength­ en Black's game may be pre­ ferable first. R— R3 P— Kt4 Q— B3 A possible line for Black is 27 • • • K t B 6 .R 5 32. 41 Kt x Qch. then 34 RxP. B x P . B— K i So that if 33 P—R6. with a tre­ mendous attack. 37. the mere possi­ bility of such a variation in­ dicates the value of this move by White. 30 K t— Kt2. 23. K t— K 3 K— R2 R —KKtx R— Kt2 P— KR4 P— R5 (WHITE) BURN Position before Black's 21st move. Q x K t . 42 Kt x B. 36. B P x B . B— Bx KtxRch. Black gets a good game.P x P Kt— Kt4 35. 1 B x Just in time. 25. B x Q . 29 P x R .. In addition it is the easiest way of bringing the rook to the defence of the other wing if it is required. 40 R— Q6. 22. 25 R— B3. K— K ti 32. Q— R 5. P -K t5 33. 28. Kt(2)— B3 If R— K3. 24. R— R6 Even better was 36 Q— B i.. 28 Q— QB2. Black cannot play Kt— B5. B— B2 29. K t— K5 27. Q— Kt4ch.42 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (BLACK) MACKENZIE Kt. The game now becomes most exci­ ting..

( D ia g r a m 16) 40. K — Kt2 47. R— K8ch. K — Kt 2 . K— R i 48. 40.. RxKP Another fine move. transposing back into the game. 49. K — B i. R— K4 dis. Not 45 PxR. . 43 K t— B6ch. B x P . 47 K — K t 2 . Q— B5CI1. The text move threatens Q— K6— K8ch. 52.. or 47 K —B2. R— K8ch. fol­ lowed by P— R6 Mate. . 44 Q— Q5. . 42 R x R . P x K t BxP Not K x R . B— R3ch Missing his chance. K— K2 . 46. 41. winning. P x R Q— K6 Black has taken a long chance and it has come off. R x Q . 42 K t— B6ch. P— R6ch. 43 Q— Q6ch. Q— B8 Mate). QxBch. 47 B— R3ch. . B— B5 Q— B8ch. but not 47 P x Q. 50 Q— K ti. 43. 48 K— Kt2.. for if 49 Q— Kt2. 43 Q— Q5ch. 49 Q— B7ch. K— B2 ... P—Bsch. Kt x Kt Kt— B6ch. K — Q2 (K— Q i . 45 Q x R .. P x R can now be played for if Q— K6 . Q— K8ch. wins easily.. K t— B6 He has no time now to queen his pawn. White's reply is forced. BxQch.. 50 P— Kt8=Qch. R—B8ch.. KtxRch. 49 Kt X Q. 44 QxRch. B— B3ch. even if Black was lucky. 46 K — Kt2 (BxR. A grand fight. 48 PxQch.BURN— MACKENZIE 43 Q2. R x K t (PxKt. 50 Kt X Q. R — K 7ch .). 47 K — Kt3. 49 K — B i.. 50 K— B2. . (B L A C K ) M ACK EN ZIE sidered.. Q—05 44... 47 Q— Kt8ch... and counter-attack is his only chance.) .. 51. P— B6 K— Bi Q— Kt4 Defence is no longer to be con­ 45R xR 46. B— K ti B— B3 51. Q x R .. 42. 42 P x K t . (W HITE) BURN Position before White's 40th move. 45. 50. 41 K t x B . K t x B Q— Kt8 Resigns. giving up a piece to carry on the attack. B x P is now prevented by the threat of R— KKt6. K — B3 . 48 K t— Q5ch. Or else 46 .ch. K — B2 If K— B i . R— K 7ch. drawing. K — K 2 . Q x K t .

14. 5. . B— K3 7. . which included firsts at Hamburg. 12. 3. 1885. for all his failure to win the world title from his compatriot Lasker. based on that of Steinitz. for 15 .. His tournament record from 1884 to 1914 is studded with prizes and even to an advanced age he remained a dangerous competitor in International tournaments. 1887. 5- P— K4 P— Q4 Kt— QB3 K txP B -Q 3 P— K3 P— Q4 PxP Kt— KB3 A premature attempt to create weaknesses in White's position. he would have been better advised to try 8 . O—0 B— Q3 K t— Kt5 Frankfort tournament. and though an immediate P— QKt3 would have been answered by 9 Q— B3. B— K2. spent almost all his chessplaying life in England.. O— O would be answered by 16 B x . B x K t 8. F rench D e fe n ce 1. 6. B— Q3 Q K t-Q 2 KtxKt Kt— B3 B -Q 2 Threatening P— B5. 14. . Now he is in a position to attack Black on whichever side he castles. Kt— B3 10. After White’s reply he had nothing better than 1 1 . Now the bishop is condemned to a de­ fensive role at best. P— B3 P— QKt4 The best development of this bishop is on QKt2. 4. 15. 13. . GAME 12 TARRASCH-GUNSBERG 9 Kt— B3. . . P— QKt3.44 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD I. if less imaginative. he concentrated on chess journalism and practically retired from serious play. B— K2 . Gunsberg (1845-1930). Unsuccess­ ful in this. was simpler and more logical. secured his recognition as a contender for Steinitz’s world title. 9. 1888. 11. a Hungarian. S. Tarrasch (1862-1934). 2. and at London. remains one of the greatest of all chessplayers. B— K K ts P— KB3 B— Q2 Q— K2 P— KR3 Kt— R3 P— B4 More usual is Kt x Ktch. . His tournament successes. while his crystallisation of Steinitz’s theories into precise dogmas made him one of the greatest of chess teachers and profoundly influenced the strategical appreciation of later players. His style.

winning. 28 Kt— K i. R— QR4 26. Nevertheless. 22. 24 R— K i. 20 R x P . 26 R— B2. 15. 29 Kt— K i. P— K B 4 . . 19.through in the centre.. . R— 08 ch. R(8) x Ktch. better was 27 . P x B . . all his pieces come to life and White cannot move the bishop because of 28 .. Q— Q3 . 28. B— B i . 22. B x P . K t— B4. P x P PxP Q— B i. 0 —0 .. R— Q2 . and it now be­ comes a race between White's 25. (D ia g r a m 17) The attack becomes fierce and brilliant. 16.TARRASCH— GUNSBERG 45 Kt. Q3 . R(i)— Kt4 KR— K i Beginning counter-action in the centre just in time . Q x B 0— 0— 0 BxP BxB K — K ti So as to defend the QKtP with the bishop. for he cannot play the wing and Black’s to break 15 . . Q4. 23 Q— R5... 23 R— QB7. Black must castle into attempts to break through on trouble. the threat otherwise being 19 Q— Kt2. .. and mates. R— Q8ch. 20. . Q— because of 24 P x P.. Q— R5 27. the threat is P— K5.. 20 P— B5. P— K4 23. Less strong was 22 B— R6. Q— K 5. and Black must give up his queen to prevent mate on his QKti.. 24 P— Kt3. 18 R x P . R— R6 Attack and counter-attack continue in delicate balance. . 17 R— K ti.. If now 22 . (b l a c k ) g u n s b e r g 25 R x B . P— B5 . R— K i 17.. .. 23 P x P . A long but convincing analysis. Q R x R . 21. . 19 Q— 25 R— R4ch. to which Tar. 27 Q— Rsch. B x P P— K5 Q— K ti B— B4 The culmination of Black’s counter-play. P— B5 B— B i R— Kt3 Q— QB2 KR— K ti K— R i R— Kt6 (WHITE) TARRASCH Position before White's 25th move. R— K ti 18. rasch gives the answer as 16 P x R . P x R . 21 B— B4. Q— Q3. would still be fatal B x B . B — K i . Q— B5 . Q— Kt3 . but not 22 .. 23 . K x R . 24 Q— Rsch. Q x B . K— K t i .. 22 24. Q— R8ch. . 26 R x P .

. J. B— Kt3 . 36. and in his last. 39. Apparently turning the tide in his favour. Q u e e n ’s P a w n G am e 1. P x R . P— B7 Kt— B4 Resigns. H. 32. Q x R BxB 31.” No great player ever had a career at once so successful and so long. 34 Q— Rsch. 1890. Hereford. 1886. . Q— K ti 38. 30. P— K 3 B— K2 P— QKt3 B— Kt2 QKt— Q2 P— k 3 Kt— KB3 P— B4 Kt— B3 R— B i Bradford tournament. 1881. would leave him very problematical drawing chances. Q— K8ch. 1872. 4. equal 1st prizes at Vienna. among his best tournament results were 1st prizes at London. Blackbume (1841-1924) was the greatest of all British tournament players. R x B The saving clause. Berlin. There is nothing for White in 3 K t— K 5. his first International tournament was London. 28. K x R . His brilliant. London. Q xR Q x Pch.46 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Now White threatens mate in two and if 28 . but White is not finished yet. 3. Weisbaden. ingenious style was unsuited to match play . Kt— K i R x Ktch. 5. Q— QB2 37. The text gives up a piece but wins the game. 1883. Q— K8ch. 1888. 36. There is no longer any de­ fence to the threat of P— B7. 1876. Q -Q 7 Q— Kt8ch. 7. and Manchester. 29 BxPch. 1880. and 2nd prizes at London. 1873. 32 RxQch. R— Q8ch. P— B6 R xR PxR Q— Kt2 Q— K ti Q— Kt2 The key to his 31st move. P— Q4 B— Kt5 .. and so dangerous that he was known as “ The Black Death. Q x R . Nuremburg. 33 P— B3. Petersburg in 1914. he won a brilliancy prize. 31. 34* 35. 31 R x Pch. B -R 4 . 33. Kt— KB3 P— Q4 2.. K— R2 40. GAME 13 MACKENZIE—BLACKBURNE Irregular but playable. 1862. 6. at St. 1885. Q— K4ch. 29.

Now he returns to his K side attack with the idea ultimately of posting a knight on his K5. 24. 26. P— QR3 P— B5 P— Kt4 Kt— Q2 B— B5 P— KKt4 The point of his n th move. 29 K— K ti (K— Ri. Better was Q— K2. R— R i Kt— Q3 Black threatened 22 . K— B2 Q— B2 R— KB3 P— Kt3 This leads him into a very involved defence. 19 Kt— Q2.. 10. 32. 27. 15.. 33.. threatening Kt xBch. . 25. 18. 21. 31 Q x Pch. or Kt— B6ch.MACKENZIE— BLACKBURNE 47 Now Black is playing the Pillsbury Attack with the colours reversed. Q xB. Kt— Bsch. . as for example 28 Q x P (PxP. 28 K t x R . 30. may become dangerous. PxP P— B4 R— K i PxP B -Q 3 0— 0 22. O— O 9.. 22. K t x Q P . . QR— Qi P— B6 B— QBi P— QR4 B— Q3 Kt— B2 R— B2 B— Kts Preventing P— R5 and so keeping the Q side blocked. 11. 33 R x Kt. wins). Q— R3 .. P— Kts P— B5 Kt— R4 P— B6ch. B— R 4 . Any attempt by White to side­ track this variation fails. Kt x P . P— Kt7ch. Kt— K3 B— K ti P— KR4 An ingenious continuation. it creates a serious weakness on his K side. 31.. Black is not content to force the draw by 27 . espe­ cially in Blackbume’s hands. K x K t . P— KR3 But here he loses time. 32 B— B2. 30 K— Kti. it blocks the Q side to any activity by the pieces. . 30 K— Kt2. Kt— B^ch. 17 Kt (3) — R2. 12. QxPch. for if in reply 18 K t x B then P x K t . for though this will give him a strong passed pawn. 16.. P x P . 29. . K— Kt2 KtxB Kt— K ti P— Kts R— K ti Q— Kt2 PxKt P— B4 Kt— Qi Black now wants to force White to play P— B6.. Kt— Bsch. Kt xB .. and White remains with a solid Q side pawn majority once the attack is broken. 16. Kt— K7ch. R— B6). 20. 30 K— Kti. 8. 23 P xKt . Simpler was 16 P— R3. P— B3 KtxP Kt— R4 B— Q3 Kt— Kt6 Kt— KB3 P x Pch. P— Kt7ch. 28. 34. . 19. 29 K— Ri. 23. Kt— B i P— Kt3 Q— B3 The position is now most complicated and both players are going all out to win. Kt— R 6ch. 14. 13. 17. But though the attack.

R— K Kt2 . 43 R x K t . .. Kt— Kt6ch. whereas after the more natural P— B7 he could hardly lose.. K . for example. 46. 38 P x P . Now if 46 P x R.. . 43. K— B2 R xB Kt— Kt6ch.. P x Q dbl. he has nothing better than 43 .. 48 Q— K2. 48 K— K3.. P— R6 B— Q3 B x Kt (WHITE) M ACKENZIE Position before Black's 39th move. or 43 . for now after 42 . 45 Q— Kt6ch„ Q x Q . Rch. P x R 41. Q— Kt2 . . . winning. Kt x Rch. R x P . Q— R6ch. P— KR5 R— KKt2 Now White fights back against the dangerous passed pawns by threatening to force the rook off the Kt file. 42 K— B2. Kt— Ksch. 44 Q— Kt3 (P— B7. . R— KKt2 . Q x B P . . and a better line was 39 . 47 K x B . Q x Q . 40 P x R . K tx Making a last determined effort to win.. 37. holding everything. 44 K— K3. ( D ia g r a m 18) The persistence with which Black keeps up his attack is as remarkable as it is brilliant. 49 Q— K t . . . B x B P ch. Q P x B R— KB2 Now the threat is Q— B4. . Q x P c h . B— B 6 . 4 1K— K ti. 4445. R x P . 43 K x Q . Q— B4ch. Q— Kt4 Mate. Q— R2 Though this threatens 40 . 41 P— R4. 43 R x Kt. Q— R 3 . R x B . P x R = Q c h .48 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 35. P— R4 41. 46 K t x Q . then K t— R5 . . P— K t6. 36.. P— K t6ch.. . .Q— Q3 38. 44 Q— Kt6. 37 P x K t . 39 K— B i. B— B4 39. for if 36 B— Kt2. 40 P— B7. P— Kt6ch. . wins). 40. Q— Kt7ch. 42 K— K ti.. 45 Q x B. 36. the square KR3 would be even stronger for the queen. 44 Kt x Q. .B i RxB Kt— B3 Kt— Ksch. R— R5 P— Kt6 39. winning. R— B7ch.. (b l a c k ) b l a c k b u r n e He has sacrificed the ex­ change one move too late. 47. . Q— Kt7 Mate. Kt— K5 BxKt Kt— B4 Virtually forced. K— K3 44. 41 Q x ..

K t x Q . 53 Q— Q8ch. 5354. R— B4. . K— Kt2 50. 1889. . M. 53 P— B7. 51 P x K t .. 54 R x Kt. K — R i . win­ ning. Tchigorin (1850-1908) was the greatest Russian master of the second half of the nineteenth century.. Kt — B3. K— R2. then Q— B2ch. 50 R— QBi. 1889. His aggressive un­ orthodoxy secured him many prizes. K— R i 53. 1st game. P Kt6 . but the game is past saving now. or 48 Q— K2. 49.. K— R i QxBP Q— B4ch. P— K t7. K— K ti 51. K t— B3 Kt— B3 B— Kt5 New York tournament. K— Kt2 58. The point of his previous move. Black had no better reply than 51 . 50 R(i)— R4. P x R . K x P KtxQch. He was a Hungarian. . R— B6 52. P— K4 P— K4 2 Kt— KB3 Kt— QB3 ^ B— R4 5. Q— KB7 Fighting to the bitter end. Q x R 55. As it turns out. 49 R (Q )-K R i. P x R. 53 QxPch. of which his tie for 1st prize at New York. 48. Q— K t3 . wins. the safer P— B 7 was a better line.P— B7 The passed pawn now comes in with devastating effect. 51. during the few years in which he partici­ pated in master chess was a frequent prizewinner. GAME 14 WEISS— c h ig o r in t R u y L opez 1. 52 K — Q2. 56. K txR Resigns. 54 P— B7. Q— Ksch. P— R7ch... Q x Q 57. . R— R4 Now White R— B7ch. He unsuccess­ fully contested two matches with Steinitz for the world title. P— B8 = K tc h . Weiss (1857-1927). was one of the most noteworthy. 50 K — Kt4 (K— K3. K xP RxPch. P x R = K t c h . His biggest success was in his last tournament when he tied for 1st prize at New York. K— R2 . M. 1889. after which 52 R xK t. If in reply 49 K x R . Tie Match. Q— B7 Mate).. I. Kt— B7ch. 51 K x P . Q— KB2 threatens to break the whole attack by 52 R x K t .WEISS— TCHIGORIN 49 4ch.

P— KR4. 28. indicating a determination to play for a win at all costs. R x B Mate.. 25. . 12. 22. Not so good now would be 13 P— Kt5. PxP.P Q -K 2 PxP Q -B 3 Preventing White from play­ ing Q— B i— R3 17. 14 P— Kt6. B x P . P— R4 Kt— K3 P— KKt4 Not 28 P x P . K t x K t P . B— K3CI1.50 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Preferring to try for a trans­ position to the Four Knights Game rather than defend against the Ruy Lopez by P— QKt4 or P— Q3. 29. 6. P— KR3 11. he gains a pawn which is of little value and loses the K R file. . 12 P— R4. 19. 24. Black has now managed to obtain the initiative. 14. R— R ich . P— B3 B— Kt3 R— R i K— K ti K— Kt2 B— K3 R— R i Kt— B3 B— Q2 0 —0 This advance. 28. 31 B— R4. 27. 16 B— R6. is only possible because he has reserved the option of castling on the Q side. but White is now unable to derive any ad­ vantage from it. Kt — B3 . . R— K K ti Kt— Qi B— K3 26 . he finds next move that he has to revert to the Ruy Lopez after all. 13 P x P . 26 Q— Kt2. Q— B8ch. 11. If 11. with a good game. 7 Q— K2. 30 K— R2. 0— 0—0 Kt— B5 B x Kt Kt— Q2 Q x Bch. R(Q)— K ti P— Kt4 Kt— Bi P— R4 P— R3 P— Kt5 BP x P PxP R xR To prevent P— Kt5. Kt— Q5 B— K2 15. 31. . 13. Kt— K3 . 16. P— B3 10. 29 K x R. securing open files against Black’s king. 20. B x R . P— Q3 8. and in what appears to be a solid position he pro­ duces a series of tactical threats in order to reinforce and in­ crease his advantage. 32 P— Kt3. 25 P x Kt. . 21. P— KKt4 . K t x B 9. For if K t x P . White’s position is now seen to be exceedingly precari­ ous . threatening B— Kt 5: 13. 19. Px.. 23. 15 R x P . .. P— KKt4 P— Q3 QxKt P— R3 If 19 K— Kti. . . PxP B— Qi Kt— K3 R xR R— R6 B— Kt4 K— B i Forced at last. R— R8ch. 8 Kt x P. B x P . B x P . 18. 30. B x P . However. Kt— KR2 Threatening 24 . which would at present be answered by 25 BxB. 7.

3 7 K t x Q . Even with the queens off. 41 Q x B . 45. 52. K t x P . Q— B8ch. 48. . R x K t . Q -Q 2 Q— Kt6 39. 44. Q x Pch. Q x Q . 44 R— Q2. . Kt— K6. K t— B4 R— Kt2 K— B2 K t— R3 R— R7 R— R8 P— Q4 (BLACK) TCHIGORIN Black is fighting all the time to establish an advantage. P— Kt5 37.. . K x R K — Kt2 KxR K— K ti Q— B7 It is Black now who must fight for a draw. and wins. White cannot quite force a win. R— R2 PxP 40. R— R8ch. B x P ch. Kt— B2 K— Q2 P— Kt4 Q— Q8ch. 36 K— Kt3 (QxP. Kt x P .WEISS— TCHIGORIN 51 Threatening 32 . 37 P xB. . 41. If now 35 P x P. 52.. 43. P x P .Q 8ch.P x Q Q xQ K — Kt2 .. 47.. QP x P [Diagram 19] 40. B x K t c h . QxKtP B— R3 K— R2 Q— Q6ch. K t x KP). 38 R— B2. (D ia g r a m 19) The threat now was 37 . 51. K — K t2 . 41. 34. B x P . which would at present be answered by 33 K t— Bsch. K t x K P . winning. 44 Q x P . QxBP QxKtP Now White had a threat of Q— Q8ch. Q— K Bsch. 4950. 43 Q . 43 Q— Qi. Q— B8ch. 33. R— B2 B— B3 B— Kt2 (W HITE) W EISS Position before Black's 40th move. followed by Q— R 8ch. since he must come out a pawn down. 46. 39 P x Kt.. R x B .). 3 8 Q P x P . R x B . 53. 35. Kt— K6ch. 33 B P x K t . . B x R . 40 K — K t3. Q xP K— B i QxP Q— B5ch. 32. R— Kt8 38. K tx K P . 42. If in reply 41 K x R then Q x Pch. 35* 36.. The text move is a fine attempt to force the win. R xB A magnificent counter-attack which comes within an ace of winning. with a dangerous attack. 37. 42 R— K2 (K— B i. Q x Ktch.

White’s position is now seen to be exceedingly precari­ ous . 19. B— Kt3 22. 28.P Q -K 2 PxP Q -B 3 Preventing White from play­ ing Q— B i— R3 17. 18. B x R . 8.50 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Preferring to try for a trans­ position to the Four Knights Game rather than defend against the Ruy Lopez by P— QKt4 or P— Q3. 12 P— R4. 14P— Kt6. 7. 12.. Kt— K3 . Black has now managed to obtain the initiative. but White is now unable to derive any ad­ vantage from it. Kt— Q5 B— K2 15. If n . R— K K ti Kt— Qi B -K 3 Not so good now would be 13 P— Kt5.. 9.. Q— B8ch. 10. 29. 16. and in what appears to be a solid position he pro­ duces a series of tactical threats in order to reinforce and in­ crease his advantage. 6. PxP. 13. PxP B— Qi Kt— K3 RxR R— R6 B— Kt4 K— B i Forced at last. 27. 25 P x Kt. However. R(Q)— K ti P— Kt4 Kt— B i P— R4 P— R3 P— Kt5 BP x P PxP RxR To prevent P— Kt5. R— R8ch. B— K3ch. 29 K x R. 16 B— R6. 14. 15 R x P . P— Q3 KtxB P— B3 P— KR3 P— KKt4 P— Q3 QxKt P— R3 If 19 K— K ti. B x P . he finds next move that he has to revert to the Ruy Lopez after all.. he gains a pawn which is of little value and loses the KR file. 26. 20. Kt — B3 . Kt— Q2 For if Kt x P . P— B3 21. . with a good game. 30. 13 P x P . 25. 11. B x P .. 11. Kt x KtP . 7 Q— K2. . 19. threatening B— Kt 5. 26 Q— Kt2. 31. Kt— KR2 Threatening 24 . is only possible because he has reserved the option of castling on the Q side. indicating a determination to play for a win at all costs. B x P . securing open files against Black’s king. . 8 Kt x P. K— K ti K— Kt2 B— K3 R— R i Kt— B3 B— Q2 0 —0 This advance. . P— R4 Kt— K3 P— KKt4 Not 28 P x P. R x B Mate. P— KKt4 . Px. 30 K— R2. which would at present be answered by 25 BxB.. R— R i 23. O— O— O Kt— B5 B x Kt Q x Bch. 28. B x P .. 31 B— R4.P— KR4. 24. 13. 32 P— Kt3. R— R ich .

with a dangerous attack. P x Q Q xQ K — Kt2 . White cannot quite force a win. . 33 BP x Kt. Q x KtP B— R3 K— R2 Q— Q6ch. 37 Kt xQ. R x B . and wins. 37 P xB. . 36 K— Kt3 (QxP. followed by Q— R 8ch. 43 Q— Qi. Kt— K 6. 44 R— Q2. 46. Kt x K P . Q xP K— B i Q xP Q— Bsch. If now 35 P x P. Q x BP QxKtP Now White had a threat of Q— Q8ch. 47. QP x P [Diagram 19] 40. Q— B8ch.WEISS— TCHIGORIN 51 (BLACK) TCHIGORIN Threatening 32 . K t— B4 R— Kt2 K— B2 Kt— R3 R— R7 R— R8 P— Q4 Black is fighting all the time to establish an advantage. 38 R— B2. Kt x P . . 45. Q— B8ch. 52. B x P . 52. 41. K x R K— Kt2 K xR K— K ti Q— B7 38. R x B . 35. 49. R— R2 P xP 40. 41. B x K t c h . R— Kt8 A magnificent counter-attack which comes within an ace of winning. 44 Q x P . winning. .. 41 Q x B . Kt— B2 K — Q2 P— Kt4 Q— Q8ch. 42 R— K2 (K— B i . since he must come out a pawn down. which would at present be answered by 33 Kt— Bsch. Kt— K6ch. 44.). 43. K t x K P .. R— B2 B— B3 B— Kt2 (W HITE) W EISS Position before Black's 40th move. R— R8ch. Even with the queens off. Q x Q . B x R . 32. K— K t 2 . 34.. 51. 42. 4 3 Q . 33. 48.. P x P . If in reply 41 K x R then Q x P ch. B x Pch. Q— Q2 Q— Kt6 39.. 50.. R x K t . 53. The text move is a fine attempt to force the win. ( D ia g r a m 19) The threat now was 37 . P— K ts 37. R xB It is Black now who must fight for a draw.. 35* 36.Q 8ch. K t x KP). 40 K — Kt3. K t x P . . . 37. Q x Pch. Q x Ktch. Q— KBsch. 3 8 Q P x P . 39 P x Kt.

k 3 P xP B— Q3 0— 0 P-. B— Q4ch . and Tarrasch playing for a queen side pawn majority. 11. 12. and the king is tied to the knight and the knight to the BP. 15.b 5 p. He sprang to fame by winning the Hastings tournament. 18. BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD K— Q2 K —B3 Kt— Q4 K— K4 K— B3 P— B3 Drawn For after 57 P— Kt5.Q4 P— k 3 Kt— KB3 B— K2 QKt— Q2 0— 0 p — QKt3 P xP B— Kt2 P— b 4 The subsequent course of the game suggests that this is loss of time. A rather surprising move since it gives Black more free­ dom. BxKt Both players are on familiar ground. P -Q 4 P-QB4 Kt— QB3 B— Kt5 Kt— B3 R— Bi p. 2. GAME 15 PILLSBURY-TARRASCH the advantage of which he was the first to propound as a theory. B— Kti Kt— K5 P— B4 Q— B3 Kt— K2 BxB p. 14. but in return he secures the free use of his KKt3 and . 13. 910. White can only advance his pawn with the help of his king or his knight. was one of the greatest players of his time and his premature death was a tragic loss. 1895. an American. 78 . 58 K— B4. 16. N. ahead of almost all the world’s masters. Pillsbury playing the variation of the Queen’s Gam­ bit Declined (4 B—-Kts) named after him. P il l s b u r y A tt a c k I. 17. 1895. 55. 11. 3456. His chess was marked by the will to win on all possible occasions. 59 K— B5. B— Kt2 . A great game up to the very last situation. R— K i Hastings tournament.q r 3 P— Kt4 R— K i Kt— B i Kt— K5 R xB With a view to doubling rooks. H.52 54. B— R i . Pillsbury (1872-1907). 56.

and at the same time both driving White from his outpost and forestalling any attack by P— B5— B6. 29. 34K t x P . 33 P x B.. 35 QxPch. P x P Q— B3 P -Q R 4 P— R5 PxP R— R i Black loses a little time with this rook. and 37 R— R4. 24. P x K t . B— B2 . 27. 34. Kt— Kt4 [Diagram 20] 37. 32. R— B4 Q -R 4 Kt— K t3 Q— Q3 R (Q )-K i B— Q4 Threatening P— Kt5. 20. Kt— Kt4 21. 36 R— B4. K— K t i .. The drama begins to develop.PILLSBURY- blocks any frontal attack on his weak KP. 33.. The intention is to . which White only manages to delay for one move by threatening the KP. R— KKt2 A threat again at last. K t— B2 R— B i K t— K2 Q— B3 P— Kt5 Considering that he has only to win White’s QKtP to have an overwhelming game. 28. As he will soon have to defend his KP a third time.. for example. 31 QxPch. 35P— QKt3 P— K R 3 Kt— R2 P— Kt4 36. winning. 34 K t x R P (threatening mate in two). K t— Kt4 Q— R5 Kt— Q2 38. 19. or again 33. Against Black’s threats on the Q side.. . 28. 23. 33 . P x K t (P— R3 . Q— Kt3 PxB P— B3 Safe enough now that White’s K B is gone. P— K t5 R— R6 38. 32 Kt— The correct line was to take the pawn with the rook. QR— K i at once was better. 26. K — K t i . 31. 30. 35 K t X R. Kt— B i P— B6 Now it is Black’s turn again and he forces a dangerous passed pawn. White must bring back this knight to cover his QBi. 35 R x P . P— B5 22. Kt— B i . B x K t . though it seems to have come almost too late. since after the exchange the bishop could return to the defence whereas the rook cannot. yet there is such latent power in White’s attack that P— R3 would be safer. 36 R— B7. 25. BxP Not yet Q X P because of 30 K t x P . R(4)— B2 K— K ti And again not Q X P because of 31 Kt— B4. .. R— B i K— R i Q— Q2 R— Qi 53 Kt6ch. But Black is still underestimating White’s chances. win­ ning easily). P— R3. P x K t . 39.. with a winning game . 18.

44RxR K xR Q— Kt3ch K x K t 1.54 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (b l a c k ) TARRASCH Now he must prevent 46 R— K K ti and 47 Q— R4 Mate. (w h i t e ) P i l l s b u r y Position before Black's 38th move. 1896. P— K5 5. K t— KB3 K t— KB3 3. This famous game is unequalled for the breathless­ ness of its split-second timing. P etro ff D efen ce The only move against R— Kt8 Mate. Q— Kt4 PxR 49. 43.R 4 48. 3940.P— Q4 Steiriitz’s own method of treating the Petroff Defence. Black’s piece on his QKt6 is to be vir­ tually out of the game. K— K2 . 41. 46 Q x R .R xQ 50. P x P K txP .Q— R4ch. K— R4 P— B7 5i. 45. 42 K t— Kt6ch. Q . introduced into master play for the first time in this game. R—KKti Q x B P 47. Q— K2 PxP K t— K 5 He cannot play K— B i . Q— B4ch. 6 P x P e. 43 Kt— B7 Mate.. Q— K i .K Ri Q— Q4 In another game against the same opponent in the same tournament Steinitz tried 5 Q x P . 34.p. Qx P M a te play 40 P x P . Petersburg tournament. K t— R6 RxKt R— Kt2 St. (D i a g r a m 20) 52. .Q xK t The last action of the hard won passed pawn is honourable hari-kari. for if R— K i . 41. P— K4 P— K4 2. Q— Q6ch. K txB The key to his plan.. K— R i PxP 41 GAME 16 STEXNITZ— PILLSBURY Not K t x P . 42. KtxK tc h. 46. P— Q4. 41 Kt— K5. 45 Q— Kt8ch.

K t— QB3 11.. 13 B x K t . B— Ktsch. K txR Q— Kich. Correct was 19 . P xB = Q ch . 21 K — B i. B . ch. 11 Q x B . Q— R3 After 11 Q— K i. 11. 12. 18Q— K B 3 ( B x Kt. or K x Kt. 5. with advantage. 7 Q x K t . 20 B— B5. 15 P— B3. . P x P e . 14 R— K i. 8 Q x B . Q— K6ch.STEINIT#—fclLLSBURY 55 K tx QP . or 10 K t x K t .. Should White reply 15 P— R3. Hoping to exchange his knight on his Q7. 12 P x P . Q X B .. and again ultimately won. B— Q3 White has been forced to sub­ mit to the escape of the knight. K t x K t . Q x K 2ch. 20 K— K ti. . Q — B4CI1. B— K t4ch. so he prepares a counter-attack. P x P 14. Black must there­ Another attempt to extricate his knight by 17 . . 12 K x Kt. K t— B3. 7 B— Kt5. P x K t . 10. Kt— R6 dbl. 8. Trying to bring all his pieces to bear by B— Kt5. Black has the better game. .. threatening Q— K6 Mate. Kt— B7ch. R x P . K t x P c h . P x P dis. Q— B3. White being unable to play 6 P— B3 because of P x P . and the game becomes intensely exciting. 19. Kt(2)— B3 K t— Kts 18. B x R P Kt(8)— B7 B— Kt4ch. . for example. 17. . 8. the cornered knight gets out. K t— K ts P— Q4 P— KB4 fore accept the offer of the ex­ change as his best chance. 9. 12 Q— Q2.. Q— B3. Q x B . 18.. previously not considered because of the answer KtxPch. K t— Q2 B— Q2 Kt— K4 0—0 K— Ri 10. R x B . Q— B8ch. 13 K— B3. 16 R x R . . P x K t . K— K i 13. Steinitz had previously condemned it as leading to a lost game. 11 K — K2. Q x B). i 9 Q x Q ( K x Kt. . The best reply was 18 . P— KR3. The more obvious alternatives to the text move fail... B— K2 Kt x Pch. 15. 20 K x K t . Steinitz avoids this line by his veiled attack on the Black rook. K tx K t ). Kt— B 3 . . p . K — B i 16. Underestimating White’s re­ sources and hoping to force the issue by his own attack. Q— K8ch. White cannot answer the text move with 17 K— K ti because of Kt— K ts . 6. K — Qi 7. B P x Q .. . K t(7 )-K t5. ch. Q xB A new discovery. Q— K8ch. P— B5 Though this wins a piece by the threats of Q— B4 and P— KB3.K t 5c h . 10 P x P. K t— K ts > and if 18 B x K t . 13 B— K2.

K x K t . R— KKt5 Which White avoids. R x B . K— 28 Q— Kt6. 31 R x Pch.. threatening K t— R6ch. 31 Q x R. R— K ti RxP R— Kt5 Kt— K6 KtxQP K t— B4 Kt— QR3 R— B3 (w h i t e ) s t e in it z Position before Black's 21st move. . K — K t i . 25.. . Black must therefore simplify in order to try and establish his material superiority. The text move prepares a not very dangerous trap. 28.56 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 20. 29 R— R5ch. But the R7ch. 29. K— K 3 .. Kt(8)— K6 . 26. R— Rsch. K— B i . White is suddenly seen to have no small counter­ attack. 22. An The attack is held. and wins. 27 Kt— B7ch. 35 R— Kt8ch. 32 Q— Q8ch. . If KR — B i . B x K t . 33. -B— B3 . 23 K— R i. 30 Q— R8ch. 30. 29 Q— Q 2 . R x Q ... R— K8 Mate. 30 K t— Kts Mate) . K — K t i . 32 K t x R.. P x Q Q xQ KtxKtP This allows White to bring his rook to the support of his passed pawn. If K— B2. 34 R— Kt7ch. 33 P— B8 =Qch. R— B 3 . Kt— K 6.. Kt(3)xP R— K i R— QBi at once would have saved a move. 28 Q— Q8ch. K— K i . 25 Kt— K6. Kt (8)— K6 .. Kt x K tP R— QBi Q— Q6. 36 R— Q8ch. but if 24 . K— R i R x Kt (not K — K t i ... defending the KKtP and threatening Kt — Kt6Mate. 22 . Kt— Q8 Not quite sufficient is Kt— K6. 24 B x Kt. obtain­ ing at least material equality and a positional position of the king on the edge . 29 P x R=Qch. B— Q3 BxB The battle continues un­ abated. 21. K — K tl Q— K7 Threatening Q— Q8ch. 27. 30 R— KKts. K t— K6 B .. be­ cause of 22 Kt— R4. 25 R— K K ti. K— K ti 31. Q— B7ch. Kt— K6 dis. The text move threatens Q— B8 Mate.. Q x B 24. B— Q2 (b l a c k ) p il l s b u r y K — K2 .. .. as the following variation shows: error would be 31 B x P. K t x 31. ( D i a g r a m 21) 21. 23. 26 32.

9Kt— KB3 P— K3 Kt— B3 Q -K t3 PxB B— Q2 P— B4 B— Kts P— k 3 B— Kts BxKt KKt— K2 There is no need for further complications. 44. has a line to recover the exchange with a won ending. 49. 35. 39Kt x Rch. 78. B— B3ch. 40 R— R7ch.. Petersburg tournament. 49. 57. R x Ktch. 40. for if now 39 R x Kt. winning. The struggle. 40 Kt x R. If 3 Kt— Q B3. R x P . and wins because of the threats of R— B8 Mate and R— B5. Getting rid of the objection­ able pawn at last. T c h ig o r in D e f e n c e 1. 37. 52. K— R3 P— Kt3 R . 41. K— B2 R— R7ch. 38 Kt(2)x Pch. however. P— Q4 P— £B 4 P— Q4 Kt— QB3 The Tchigorin Defence. B— R5 Kt— K2 R— B2 R— B4 White was threatening 36 B— B3ch.. 60. R— Q6ch..R 5ch. 58. 56. For after 60. which has not been regarded with great favour. White. 2. R— QR8 RxP R— R4 K— R2 R xB K— B2 KxKt K— B4 R— B7 R— Q7 0 —0 If Black is allowed to play P— K4 he will have a very good game. 50. 53. R— QB6 K— Kt3 R— B5 K— R4 Resigns. P— K4. K— K ti R— K7 R— Qi Kt— K6 R— B i P— KR4 Kt— B6 B x Kt GAME 17 PILLSBURY—TCHIGORIN St. K— R2 Kt— Ktsch. there follows 61 R— R6ch. 47. R x Kt R xR Kt— K i B— Q4 Kt— Q8 R— R5CI1. . 42. 43. 37 R— R5ch. 54.. R— Kt6ch.PILLSBURY— TCHIGORIN 57 of the board allows White to develop sharp mating threats.. R x R .. R x K t . 1896. K— Kt3 . is now over.. P— Kt4ch. 48. K— R3 Kt(2)xP K t x B P 55. K— B2 . K— R2 . one of exceptional ferocity. 36. P— R4 R— R6ch. 456. 46. After the text move he has to have recourse to a most eccentric development if he is to get any counter play. 51. 45.. 3. K— K ti R— R8ch. R x K t . 39. 34. 38. K— R2 R— Kt7ch. 59.

transposing into the actual game. If Black replies R x P . White is able to develop a counter-attack along his own open file without loss of time. 13. 13 R x B . K— B i (b l a c k ) TCHIGORIN In order to play K t— Q4. Q x P(4) 21. 17Q xB K— K ti KR— K ti B— K4 Q— B5 B x Kt R— Kt3 P— QR4 Kt— Kt5 Kt(2)— 64 Q -R i Owing to the weakness of Black’s QP. 0 — O— O P x P 11. 21. 15. yet White has to treat it with the utmost respect. White dare not open the QKt file as well by 21 Q x P because of R— K t i . nor 12 Kt x P. . (D i a g r a m 22) . . Black’s whole scheme of de­ velopment is strikingly irregu­ lar. R— K ts (w h i t e ) p il l s b u r y Position before White's 27th move. losing a piece either way. P x P RP x P It is now a critical race be­ tween the two attacks. The threat now is K t— B6ch. Q— Q3 White has emerged with the initiative. P— B5 P— Kts 25. B x B c h . P— Q R3 . K — B i . . B— Q3 Not 12 B x KtP. 26. 22 Q— K2.. Black threatens R— R6. P— Kts.. B x K t . R x RP. 16.. Equally 21 P— QR3 will allow Black to open the QKt file by 21 . R— R 5 . R(Q)— K ti P— K t3 24. 18. P— QR3 . fol­ lowed by Q x B with a wellposted queen and a considerable reduction in White’s attacking chances.58 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 9. 14. 28 R— Kt8ch. 13 B x B. 22. then White breaks through with 27 R x Pch. 22 Q— Q2. B x P P— QKt4 12. but must first attend to his K side. Q B x K t 19. P— QB3 23. R— K ti 22. But at the cost of ex­ changing pieces White can now win a pawn. 12. B x Kt 20. Q— Kt3 PxB PxB R— QR3 The open QR file is good com­ pensation to Black for his pawn. 26.. R— K tl 10.

32 Q— Kt6 Mate). 32 R x Pch. 37 - KxQ RxKtP R— Kt7 K -Q 3 QxQch. K x R . R— R8 . 29 Q— B6ch. 53 R— Q4. 42 R— ¿2. R— B8 .. He has. R— B6). this fighting reply which by its threat of R— R8 Mate ensures recovery of the piece. 31 R— Kt 7ch.. R— Kt7ch. and mates). R— R 7ch. 31. .PILLSBURY— TCHIGORIN 59 27. and Q— B8ch. 50 K -Q 2 . 44 R— B2. but in vain. R— R5ch. Black will now recover the pawn with a drawn ending. Black answers Q— R8 threatening both Q x Pch. R— QR7 . K x P . K— Q2 33. 58 K— K2. . R— QKt8 . 59 K— Q3. 46 R— B4. 51 K— Q3. R— K8 . 54 R— KB4. 33 K— B i. K— K2 RxR Q— R5 K 33 Q— K2. K— K2 . R— QR8 . 29. 28. K— K 3. R x KtP RxP He dare not play P x R be­ cause of 28 Q x P . R— R6 . and mates. 32 R— Kt7ch. R— B8ch.. R— R2 (R x P . 45 P— Kt4. Q2>Q—Q8 M ate. having lost a whole rook. 29 Q— Kt8ch. R— B6 .. R— K7 . 62 K— B3. R— Kt7 RxP RxPch. P— KB4 Black now seems to be in great trouble. K— Q2 . . Q— B2 . 31 Q— R6ch„ K— Q2(K— B 4 . P— B4 . 30 R— Kt8ch. R— Kt6. 32. 57 K -Q 2 . K— K3 . 39 R— B7. K— Q3 . 48 K— Q4 (not 48 K— Kt6. R— Kt8ch. The game proceeded : 38 R— QB7... 49 K — B3. K— Q3 .. 56 K— Q3. K— K4 . 61 K— Q3. P— B 3 . for if he tries to lose the rook to his own advantage by 31 R— Kt 6ch. R— QR8. Black still has a mate by R— R8ch. R— B6 . K— K i . 40 P xPch... 47 K— B5. 41 R— B7ch. Drawn. 30 Q— R7ch. 52 K— K2. R— R6ch.. R xR 31. 30. R— K K t7 . 43 K— Q4. 34 K— For some time White continues his efforts to win. however. K— K3 K— B i He has nothing better. R— R8ch. 55 K — Q2» R— B i . 33 34 35 36 . 60 K— B3..

. Kt— B3 at once was preferable. Q— Kt3 24. Kt— Q2 P— KKt4 B— Kt2 PxP Kt— B3 O— O Q xP P— KB4 B— K2 Q— R4 Kt— KB3 O— O Q— B4ch. 7 Q— K2. 1896. Q x P PxB BxP An indifferent method of de­ fending the bishop. Kt x Kt Kt— B3 QxKBP KtxKt Q— B4 P— K4 P— K4 P .Q— R4 QR— K i B— Q3 R— K2 Kt— Q4 The usual line is 6 Kt— KB3. . 23.K 2 KtxK P In order to bring the queen over to the K side. B x Kt 27. 28 B— Kt4 is answered by R— K4 . he could now play 16 . K t— Kt3 15. 12. B— B4 . 22. K K t— Q4 16. . his most striking achievement being the winning of the Berlin.. Q— B4ch. 1897 tournament. 7. 10.. 19.6o BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R. 5- Had he omitted 12 . 26. Charousek is. leading to a new variation of his own on the 8th move. B— B4. Charousek (1873-1899). Q— Kt3 21. 6. Q . however. B— QB3 25. 17. Q x . F a l k b e e r C o u n t e r -G a m b it 13. R x R . 11. was a Czech by birth but Hungarian by adoption. B— K 3 20. K— R i 14. 8. Q— R5 28. . B— Q2 BxKt K— R i Q— q 3 P— B 3 Q— B2 6. Leading to situations of criti­ cal intensity in which he hopes to out-manceuvre his unknown opponent. 3o Q— R3(R x B . . 30 Q x R) . QR— Qi 22. . Kt— B3. Q x P (not R— Kt4 . 31 Q x R . 13 K— R i. 29 Q— Kt4. Kt— K6 18. B— QB4. . In a very brief career before he was overtaken by tuberculosis he showed himself a player of the very first rank. GAME 18 CHAROUSEK— PILLSBURY Nuremburg tournament. pin­ ning the knight. 9.. Q x Bch.K B 4 P -Ô 4 PxQP P— K5 P— Q3 Kt— KB3 PxP A variation rendered suspect later and replaced by 5 Kt— Q2. to which the best answer is 8 .

R— Q4 R— K K ti B— K4 Sergeant gives a fuller analysis in his collection of Charousek’s games. . 32 R— QB8ch. 32. 33 R— KR4.. 3i. 34 Q— K4 and 35 R— Q7. 3 5 ^(4)— K4. Black finds that his ingenuity may recoil upon him­ self. winning. White suggested 33 . ( D ia g r a m 23) 30.. 38 R— KKt4. R— K6 . K x Q . R— Q8ch.Q i . After the text move. R— Qi (BLACK) P IL LSB U R Y Not B x P . K— R3 . P— KtA. but apparently Black’s move is still insufficient. To this White can no longer reply 32 B x B because the bishop would then be pinned on the rook. Q— B5 For. . Position before White's 32nd move. . W. 31 Q -R 5 . Baines pointed out... 28. for danger is imminent owing to the pin of his bishop. and the only lines which prevent White capturing the bishop are B— Q3 . 30 R— KR4. . Q— K sch. R— Q7ch. Q— Q3. 32 R— KR4. 29. . K x R . to the pressure on the long dia­ gonal and to the possibility in some eventualities of mate on the first rank.. W. so Charousek’s judgment appears to be upheld. as G. . R(4)— B7 and R(4) — K4. R x Q . 30 Q— R3. B— Q3 ... 31 RxPch.. Q— Q i . B— Kt6 . 37 K— Kt3. R— K t i . Q— B i c h . 36 K— R3. 35 Q— R4ch. K x R . and there is no satisfactory answer to the four threats of B xPch.. 34 Q —K4ch. 31 QxRch. .CHAROUSEK— PILLSBURY 6l Rch. 33 RxPch. B— K 4.. though there axe no absolutely immediate threats. His main analysis con­ tinues 33 . White could now play 32 R x B .). holding every­ thing. or R— K B i . R— QB4 (W HITE) CHAROUSEK Preventing the exchange of bishops and threatening if 30 . H. 32 Q— R5 Mate. P. 34 K— Kt2. Q— K ti R— K i In this critical situation Tarrasch suggested that White won by 3 1 R— K4. 31. 39 B— K5. but in the latter variation J. B— K 4 .. 30. 32 R— Qi. R(B)— K i . B— B5 . or 29 Q— R4. 33 RxR(7). R x K K t P . R .

R(i)— Kt2 Q— K8ch. 4 i.62 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Q— B i . 40 R(7) x KKtP. 46.. K— R4 Drawn. 33 34.K K t 3 Q— Ksch.P— b 3 Q— K6ch. R— Q3 39. 53K— R 3. R— £ 5 >- 3435.. Q— K3ch. P— KR3 Q— K B i Q -K 2 P— KR4 The right idea just too late. R— Q8ch. White’s attempts to get a rook onto the KR file with check are neatly foiled.K— R2 48. 33.P— KR4 Q xP 44 . For if 51 K x P. 52 K— Kt4. 38. though Charousek tries hard still to force the issue.K— R3 Q— Ksch. RxR RxB Now the two rooks are in­ sufficient to win against the threat of perpetual check. 49 . BxBch. BxQ R x KKtP Forestalling any chance of mate on his KKti. Q— Ksch. R— K ti dis.K— K ti Q -K B 5 45 . R(3) . R— Kts Q— B6 47 .ch. K— R2 Q -K 4 Q— B5 43 . RxR B -Q 3 37 . 40. Q— R8ch. R(2)— Kt3 Q— K7ch. 32. B— Q5 The complications of defence with counter-attack on both sides constitute chess of the richest quality. . 42. with a winning ending. Not 34 R xB . 37. 50. Q— B5 . 35 R x KKtP. 36. Q— R2ch.

Black de­ cides to play for a win. 3. 6. P il l s b u r y A t t a c k 1. 11. for then Kt— B3. 1924. 4. 2. His philosophy of the struggle to succeed by any means was applied by him to the chessboard as to life. 15 B xB. 6. P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 B— Kts P— K3 Q— Kt3 P— Q4 p— k 3 Kt— KB3 B— K2 O— O Black cannot avoid the doub­ ling of the pawns. 16 Kt— B6ch. 13. 1914. Q— B6ch. Yet he had no definable style. 18 P x B . and at New York. B— B3 P— KKt4 K t x K t The threat was winning a piece.. B xP PxP Kt— B3 0— 0 B -Q 3 PxP P— B4 Q— R4 QxBP Kt— B3 Kt— QR4 11 B— K2 but White along the 13- R— Qi Kt— Q4 P— B4 Not P— KKt4 at once. while if Kt x B . Petersburg. Q— B2 16.. B— K ti The natural continuation after his n th move. 13 Kt— K4. Em. 19 P x P . ii12. 910.STEINITZ— LASKER 63 Dr. . looks more natural plans an attack diagonal. 14 Qx Q. GAME 19 STEINITZ— LASKER 5th match game. 14 . BxKt Kt— QKt5 PxB After White’s last violent attacking move. Q— Ktsch. 13 Kt— K4. 16. There is a clear draw by B x K t . 14 Kt x Bch. 78. R— K i . 17 B x P. 20 K— Ri. Lasker (1868-1941) was world champion from 1894 to 1921 and through the whole of his playing career no master was ever more dangerous or more difficult to defeat. He achieved a wonderful succession of tournament and match victories. P x Q . winning a pawn. Q— Kt3 . although it shuts in the QR. which also has obvious weaknesses. 1896. Moscow. 17. If B x B . 5. Q x P . among the greatest being his first prizes at St.. Q— Q4 . P x K t . he sought even at the cost of some temporary disadvantage to create a position where his skill could be given full play.P— QR3 15. Kt— Q4 A variation which has long since become obsolete.

R— QB i . 28 Q— Kt4ch„ K— K t 2 . 28 Q— B6. B— B2 24. does not seem to lead to such power­ ful continuations.. 31 R— Q7ch. . R x Pch. 30 R— Q7. K— B2 .. Q— K ti . R x P . BxR If 27 . . (D ia g r a m 24) And now White in turn misses the best move which was 29 Kt x BP. QR— K ti Q— K K t4 Now Black prepares to turn the opening of the K side to his own ends.. ch. R— B i . . . K— R3 . 29 Kt x KP. P x K t 19 Q x Pch. 31 Q— R6. 28 K t x Pch. If then 27 K t — B6ch. 27. 29 Q x B leads to the actual game) . R— Q B i . 25. 30 Q— K7ch. 31 Kt— Q6. Or if 29 . his QR is free for action before Black’s even now.). 33 Kt x R Mate) . . K tx Pch. Q— K4 R— R i B— K4 Q— KR4 is answered by 25 Q— Kt2. K — K ti ( B x K t . B— Kt2). 27. 26. 30 R— Kt7 Mate. B x K t . P— K 4 . 30 R(i)— Q7. 31 Kt— Kt7. 30 Q— B6ch. 29 R— Q8ch. Seizing the opportunity to reassume the initiative with a fine sacrificial attack. 28 B— R4CI1. P— B4 (BLACK) LASKER (WHITE) STEINITZ Position before White's 27th move. K— B3 .. . 28. 2x.. Q— K t i .. suggested by some. 32 Q— K4.B — R3CI1. 29 Q x B and mates). with a winning attack. B Kt2 . The best reply is 29 . QR— K i . 32 P— Q B4. QxBch. R— Kt 1 . Q x R .. (not Q x R . 30 Q— Q3. . K R — Qi K— B i B x Pch. If 2 7 .64 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 18. K— K2 Black misses the best move which is P— Kt3. K t x KP K— B3 Threatening R— R i winning the queen. with a pawn up and the better position. R— R 3 .. . 29 Q— Q4ch. . 20. .) . 32 B— K t3. (B— Q3. 20. B— K4 PxP K— B i For all the constricting ap­ pearance of his 13th move. K— B i (K— K i . 32 Q— B6 Mate. 31 Kt— Kt7 dis.. 29. 23. If then P x K t . K— B i . Q— K ti (B x R . 33 Q x P. B— Kt6 R— Bx 22. K— K t3 (K— K4.

37. K— K ti .LASKER— BLACKBURNE 65 29. He therefore plays for material compensa­ tion for his sacrifice. K— B2 . Q— K ti Not K x K t . Kt— Q4 38. 39. otherwise Black frees his game with P— KB4. 35QxQP 36. His next move is the necessary corollary. 1899. 40 R — Ktich. Q— Kt6ch.B—03 34.P x B Preferring to have the K file open before taking the checks. K— B2 . A fair ending to a game which both players tried to win.. Q— B5ch. B -Q 3 Kt— B3 Kt— K2 P— B4 Kt— Kt3 B— B2 Kt— K ti B— K2 Kt— KB3 p. K B3 . Q— K4 Q— Bsch. 30. but his pieces are not well posted for . K— B i Drawn. K -K 4 . 31 Kt— Q3. K— K2 R— Kich.. 41 R— Bich. K— K ti Q— Kt6ch. 33 Q— K6 Mate. 36. which relieves the tension in the centre but gives him a certain space advantage. Now he has lost his material equality but again has sufficient positional compensation to se­ cure the draw. White’s attack would die away after 30 Kt— B5. 39 R — B ich. K— K4 .b3 Kt— R3 Kt— B4 P -Q K t 4 With a view to breaking the grip of the White pawns.. 32. B x Kt. 3 i.B x P 32.. 33 . or after 30 Kt— B7.. GAME 20 LASKER-BLACKBURNE 30. 5 6 7 8 9 10 h If K— Q2 White draws by 38 Q— K6ch. 32 Q— B7ch. . Q— B 5ch. and which was all the keener for the failure always to find absolutely the best continuations. B— K4 R -Q i B— K4 London tournament. K— B i A most unusual move. 30 B— Kt3ch. R u y L opez To free his queen from the need to guard his KRi. 31 Q-Q5ch. Q xP BxKt P— K4 Kt— KB3 B -K t5 P—04 P -Q 5 P— K4 Kt— GES P -Q 3 B— Q2 35. a plan which Black immediately counters..

66 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD supporting the manœuvre and it recoils upon him. 17. 34 R x B (against Q— R5ch. Kt— K2 P— Kt4 Desperate situations call for desperate remedies. 12. K t x Pch. P— R5 22. 19. Had White appreciated the full force of the attack which Black has conjured out of a lost position he would have played P— B4. and Blackbume decides to sacrifice a pawn to hinder White’s attack and further his own. K x R 33. (b l a c k ) BLACKBURNE Black was threatening P— R5 winning the KP.. Kt x Rch. 28.). R— R8ch. Now White threatens to open up new lines of attack by P— B4. 21. P— Kt4 QPxP PxP P -Q R 4 O— O Kt— Kt2 BxP BxKtP B -Q 2 P— K t3 28. 16.. ai. BxP BxP B— K K t3 R— K i K t— B i R— K ti R— K K ti B x RP B— K 3 Kt— Kt5 B— Kt4 (WHITE) LASKER Position before Black's 31st move. Black plays Q— R5. ( D i a g r a m 25) 31. 26. . B— B7. 31 K x R . K t x B BxB If R— K2 (against Kt— B7 ch.). 18. The Black attack is now beginning to show in its true colours. 3°31. and a Q side majority against him Black must try at all costs to get some sort of attack going. Kt— B3 30. The brilliant culmination of a fighting recovery. Kt— Q5 R— K R i B— KB5 With a weak QP. 24. . 35 K — . though he also has 30 . P— R3 B— K3 P— K ts R— B i K t— Q2 P— KR4 P— R4 R— QBi K t— B4 If 30 B x B . though even then B— R5 gave Black a powerful offensive. 25. 32. 23. R— R8ch. 13*415. 27. . 20.P— B3 Q— Kt4 Forced by the threat of Q— R4. 29.

7 P X P . Eventually he achieved a match with Lasker for the world title. K— K2 R(i)— R8 33 34. B— R4 KtxP Kt— Q3 Paris tournament. 50 Kt— Kt4ch. . 50 P— Kt3ch..). 46. after his hopeless position of eight moves earlier. a wonderful achievement D. Q— Q5 Threatening mate on the move.. K— B4 (K— K t4 .). R— Q2 R— B8ch. KtxQ BxKt(B) Q— Q7 The game appears to be abso­ lutely won. a Pole by birth but French by adop­ tion. K— B 3 . or 6 P x P . P x B Kt— Bjch.Kt— B5 36. 8 QxQch.P— Q4 6. K— Kt4 . If in reply 46 .K— K ti 35. but was heavily defeated. . but it is White’s turn now to fight back. 46. R u y L opez 1. 51 R(R) — Kt8ch. 1900. 45. 49 R(R)— Kt8ch. Resigns.. White even now escapes with a draw by 47 R(B)— K8ch.. The normal variations are either 6 B x K t . Janowski (1868-1927). Kt— B4. was with Marshall regarded as the rising star of the beginning of the twentieth century.JANOWSKI— BURN 67 Kti. . A great game. 48 Kt— Kt4ch. P— K4 P— K4 Kt— KB3 Kt— QB3 B— Kts Kt— B3 An unusual move to which the best reply is P— K5. 2. 3. Lasker’s only loss in the tournament. 44. GAME 21 JANOWSKI—BURN 4. Kt x Q . and one which earned Blackbume the bril­ liancy prize. 0 —0 5 . 40 4i 42 37 38 39 43 44 KRxKt Q R -B i Kt— Kt6 Kt— B4 Kt— K3 K— B2 R— B7 R— K R i QxB QxBP R— Qi Kt— Kt2 Q -B 5 Q xP Kt— B4 Making a last brave effort. Q P x B .. with an advan­ tage even more marked than that obtained in the actual game. 49 Kt— K3ch„ K— B3 (K— B5. Q x P .

io B— B4. 24. P— R5 (BLACK) B— K3 BURN Threatening B— R3.. wins. 25 P— K R 3.. (w h i t e ) jan ow ski Position before Black's 28th move. 25. P— Kts . 15. 9 Kt— 65. Kt— QB3 Again temporarily fixing Black’s KKt. P— QR3 . If Black replies P x P then 8 Kt x P. (D i a g r a m 26) . B— Q2 20. 26 P x B . 7. Kt— K5 0 —0 12.. Q— B2 R— B4 And now not 24 K t x K t P . B x B 21.B 3 PxP 19. 9. i 3 Kt— R4. The threat of P— B6 prevents White from taking the QKtP. 6. 7 P— QR4. 16. Kt x K t . 23. P— KR3 27. 8 P— K6. Kt— Q3 Q— R5 PxB P— Q3 P— B5 A bold line by which he hopes to take advantage of the poor position of the Black knights.68 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD K t x B . with a winning attack. The move chosen by Black loses the QKtP and 12. 27 Kt x B would not be good because the Black knight would settle on his K6. 14. 17. P— QR4 Q— R3 R— KR4 R— K B i An elaborate but ultimately effective freeing manoeuvre. Q— K2 18. 8.0 . Q— Q2 22. Kt(3)— B5 . R— KR4 . 7. Black pre­ fers to return one pawn. K t x K t P 26. If 12 . P— B3 24.. P x P B— K2 P— QKt4 Assuming the initiative. 27. B x B P . 0 . B— B2 B— Kt2 11. Q x P . P— QKt3 K txKtP Q -Q 3 QxKt Kt(4)— B5 Kt— Kt3 KtxK t P— KB4 P— QR4 B— Q4 B— Kt5 Threatening P— R5 winning a piece. 12. 13. was more solid. pinning the knight on the weak QBP. P . P— Q3 . . 14 K t x Kt. B— Kt3 K t— R4 10. . 15 Q— Q3. 28. R— K i With a few rapid strokes Black completes has develop­ ment but comes out with yet another indefensible QKtP. B-^K2 .

38 B— B4CI1. 41 R— R6ch. 38 R— KR2.JANOWSKI— BURN 69 28. 44" 45. 36.. 42... 32. 41..B— B4 Playing for a win. P x K t 30. K — K t i . 36 B x P (threatening Kt— Kt6ch. R x P . 36 Kt — Kt6ch. 43. He now threatens 35 Kt— K7ch„ K— R i . Q— K i. P x (W HITE) JA N O W SK I Position before White s 46th move. R— K5 P— K t3 37. K— K ti 39. 40 RxPch..). 45 R — Q7» Q— Kt4ch. 44 R(B)— Kt7ch„ K— B i . Q x Pch. R x R 34. If now 29 P x B . R(R)— K2 K— R2 R— K7ch. 29. 39. R— B2 . 31. 40. 47 K— B2.. (D i a g r a m 27) .K— B2 Not K— R i . Q— B3 Better than K — Kt2 or R2 .. BxP Q xB B . 30. BxRP Getting in the first blow in a very critical position and threatening R— Kt4. so he plays to get three pieces for it. 48 R(Q)— Kt7ch. K — R i . 50 R (KR)— Kt7. Black now threatens to break the attack byRxKt. K t x Q P Q— Qi 38. K— K t i . R— R i . 42 R— KKt2. K — R3 R— K8 Q— R5 R— KKt2 P— QKt4 (BLACK ) BU R N Black’s attack is over and now it is White'who has the initia­ tive again. 43 R(K) x R . 31. Q— Kt4ch. He could force a draw by 39 B x P . P x K t . and wins. 49 R— R7. K— B i . Kt— B6 R— KKt4 RxQch. Any less vigorous line to save the knight would allow White’s QRP to become a menace. . K— K t i . K— K t i . B— Q3 PxP Too late to defend his KKt2. 37 R— R 2ch. 46 K— B i. R— KR2 R— K6 K— R i P— KR4 R— B4 The queen cannot be saved. but any attempt to continue this varia­ tion for a win leads nowhere. 34P— Q4 35. for example. 37 K— R i . Q x K t . R— K7ch. Kt— K7ch. R— R2 33. 42 R(6)— R7.

1906. R— Kt8ch.. and Nuremburg.” In matches he was not successful. 52 Kt— K6ch). 49 KtxRch. 51 R(2)— K t7ch. R(2) x P K— B2 PxB Black dare not try 48 . 52 K t— Q5ch. 49 B— Kt8ch. GAME 22 m a r sh a ll . P— Q4 P xP . . 46... Marshall (1877-1944) was the brilliant young American master who burst upon the chess world early in the twentieth century with great tournament victories such as those at Cam­ bridge Springs. 51 K t— B7CI1. or K — B i . 49 KtxPch. 52 R— K 7ch.. 51. G. K— K 3 . K t— KB3 K t— QB3 3.) ..Q 3 . The point.m arco t S co tch G a m b it p __ p ________ Monte Carlo tournament. K— B i 52. K — Kt2 R— Kt8ch. 2. R(8)— Kt7ch. K— Q2(K— B2.. Q B 7ch. 52 R(6)— Kt7ch„ K— B3 .70 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Apparently succeeding at last in breaking up White’s game with advantage. being heavily defeated both by Lasker and by Capablanca. K — B2 If R— B i . 47. 54 R— B7 Mate. A tremendous game. Q x Q P . 49.. 53 R - F. 50 R x P Mate. 1904. 52 R(8)— Kt7 Mate. K x R . Black cannot reply 47 . K — R2 (K— Kt2 . R— R8ch... Q— K8ch. 47. Q8ch. K— B2 Drawn. fails because the king can take the knight. K .. K — B4 . R— Kt8ch. R(8)— Kt7ch. Marco was a prominent Austrian master. 1904. because of 48 Kt— K7 dbl. 48. . ch. 53 R x R. but White finds a brilliant continuation to the attack. K— K i 50. After the text move White must take the draw. or K— Q i . 49 K -R 2 .. J. 50 R— Kt2.. A certain unsound­ ness was compensated by exceptional ingenuity and this earned him a reputation as the originator of the famous Marshall " swindles. or K— K2 . For now 49 R(6)— Kt7ch. 49.. .. K— R3 .

. 16. Threatening P— KB4 covering the piece. . 20 RxPch. 20 R x K t (bad would be R x B .MARSHALL— MARCO 71 4. P— K5 is prevented and if 13 Q— K2. B— K3 . 21 R x P . 24 P x B . KtxP Better was P x P . P x P . For example. B— K3 . 8 B— KKts. K t x R . 1851. 17- Q— K2 P— KB4 Kt— Q6 [Diagram 28] P— B5 Better was 10 B— KKt5. B— Kt3 . R— K K t i . B— Kt3 . 10. then 13 . R— R2 12. . The inferiority of his 10th move is now clear. . P x R . a match game. 19 RxBch. K— R i re­ 8. . Hull. Marshall must there­ fore counter-attack at all costs. winning the ex- A most interesting situation. 8 B x B . Staunton— Jaenisch. PxP .. with a fearful grip on Black’s game as for example after 21 . 22 R— K2. K t x K t 13. 14. to hinder Black’s castling came into consideration. 1847. Q— K2 . 7 O— O. 13. 23 Q— B6. P x R . . B— K3 .. 5. 11. 21 B— Kt5. 19 . 7. Q— B i . Kt— B3 P— QKt4 B— Kt3 P— QR4 P— QR3 R— K i The rapid doubling of the rooks has the surprise effect of recovering the piece. 10 B— K3. 18. and mates. . 14 Q x Kt. 16 R(2)— K2. was a consultation game SaintAmant and Horwitz— Staunton and Harrwitz. B— QB4 P— B3 B— B4 P— Q6 change. Qx B. 17. 22 . 9 Q— Kt3. B— K3 R(2)— K2 6. . Kt x B .. 15. 10. . 8.. for he threatens P— KB4— B5 as well as 18 P— KB4. 0 —0 Q xP P—03 P— QKt4. B— K3 . 20 R x K t . Compare Game 15.. 16 Q x P. Kt— Q 6. B— K3. Q— Q 2 . 6 Kt xP.Q— Kt 3 Kt— Kt5 Kt(5)— K4 KtxKt 19.. 10 P x B . 7. 9. B x K t . nor can Black try 19 . Marshall probably wanted to retain the option of playing B— R3 and P— K5. . 16. or 7 . 17 B— R6. Q x R . . QxKtP KtxB R— B i P x P had been known for more than half a century to give White a dangerous attack. Kt— B3 . P x B . . 9 Kt— Q5. After the text move White cannot easily de­ velop the QKt. P— K5 It is not sufficient to get a rook for two bishops by 15 B— R6. B— B 7. Q— K2. 8 Q— Kt3. 25 RxPch. K t x B . 5 . . 17 B x R . P— Q3 .

33. 34. P— Kt3 The pawn cannot be defended and if R x P at once. 2 3 P x B . but Marshall has other ideas and the complex developments which he conjures out of this simple position are an object lesson in fighting chess. K— — O . with any effect. 30. 37.. K— B i 44R xB 23. R x Pch. He is now content to draw. but it costs him his QRP. 20 R x Kt.Kt— Q3 P -Q R 4 40. K— Kt2 27. 34. 21 B— Kts. B— B6 39. (D i a g r a m 28) The only move if he is to play for a win. R— B8 Mate). PxP 4i. 40 R— Q7ch. . . 35.R— R4 20. 32. forces the rook back to the first rank. 25.. B x Q R— B4 KtxPch. R— B4 Kt— K4 19. R x P 28. K — B i . 22 B x R . O— 0 —0 .P— B6 24. 29. R— K2 R— Qi R— Q6 K— B2 B— K6 Now White has landed him­ self in serious trouble and has no prospect of stopping the QKtP after R x Pch.Kt— B4 22. he actually gets.. R— B3 R— B i R— B3 Kt— R3 B— R3 K — K2 R— Q8 R— Q6 R— Q8 (w h i t e ) M a r s h a l l Position before White's 19th move. R— B2 R— B2ch. . R— Q i . P— B4 P— B5 Kt— B4 Kt— K5 R— QB8 R— QR8 B— B8 R xP B— Kt7 P x Q. 39 R— B7CI1. R x R PxR [Diagram 29] 25. K — Qi 21... B— R6 Q xQ P— Kt6 43. threatening R— R8 Mate. P x P . and now O— O If R x P . R x B . 38. Q i . 41 with a slightly better game than R x P . The text move is not quite sound but the fact that it succeeds shows how effectively Marshall has brought the game into a state of crisis. B x K t 45.72 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (BLACK) MARCO Preventing R— Q2 by White. Q— Q2 . He can however play 19 . 36. 21 P x B . 31.. K t x R . P x B PxP 42. 2526.

B x Q R— Kt2ch. had he seen it. 51 Kt— K ti. 62 K— K4. 49. 48 K t— Bsch. . K— Q4 .. . drawing. winning.. 46.MARSHALL— MARCO (b l a c k ) m a r c o 73 48. 53 Q x Q . K x K t . 57. 50 R— K8ch. 61 K— B3. B— K4 Black sees that the QKtP is now brilliantly stopped after 45 . P— B 6 . B x P .. 51 Kt— Bsch. 51 K— K 4. B— Q3 . K— K t i . 57. R— K7 P— Kt7 A fine move. 58.. B— Q5 (B— R i . K — R2. P— B5 K— B3 If 58 K t x P . The text move which looks secure enough gives Marshall just the chance for which he has been strug­ gling. 4 9 K t x R .. There was. 56. P— K t 8 = Q . 61 K— Kt4. and a drawing line no longer suits him. ( D ia g r a m 29) By covering White’s queen­ ing square Black seems to have assured the successful queening of his own pawn. K — K t3 . however. but White has worked out one of the brilliant combinations which became known as " Marshall’s swindles. K t— B5 R— R7CI1.. 46 RxPch. 50 K— B3. K— R2 .. R— K8 K — R2 P— B3 (w h i t e ) m a r s h a l l Position before Black's 45th move. 60 P— R4. 5° P— R4» K — R3 . 59 Kt— Q3. K— K t3 R xR P— Kt8=Q P— Kt8=Qch. K— K t3 . 50 Kt xBch. P x P .. 60 K t— K i (Kt— B i. K R4. K— B5 . Q x R K t— R4ch.. . 58 P— Kt5. 59 . And now the end game starts all over again with White a pawn to the good.. 52 P— Kt8=Qch. K — Kt4 .. 50. 5354. If 57 P— Kt4. . 52 P— R4. 55.). P— B4. draws. K x K t . P— Kt7 . P x Pch. 59 P— Kt4. 49 KtxRch. K — Kt4 Kt x Q P— B4 K— Kt2 45. K — K 3 . K— Q4 .” 51. B— B5). 52 K x B . but a great deal of equality still in the posi­ tion. K— Kt5 . and the Black king crosses in time to stop the pawns. If in reply 49 . K x R . K x K t . K— K ti 47. 52. . by 48. R— R8ch. . P— B5 . K— R3 . 51 R— R8ch. 47 R— Kt7ch.. For example. and the QKtP goes home. K— R3 49. a win in the above variation.

BATTLES-ROYAL OF 74 B— K 2 ; 63 P— Kt5, K— B2 ; 64 K— B5, K— Kt2 ; 65 P— R 5, B x P .



P— B6

59. Kt— Q3 60. K t— K i

K— B5

Not 60 K t— B i, B— Q3 ; with the threat of B— R6. 60. K— Q4 Now if 60 . . K — Kt6 ; 61 P— R4, P— B7 ; 62 K t x P , K x K t ; 63 P— Kt4, and the Black king is too far away. For example, 63..., K— Q6; 64 P— Kt5, K— Q5 ; 65 K — K t4, K— K4 ; 66 K— R5, K— K 3 ; 67 K— Kt6, B— K 4 ; 68 K — R7, K — B2 ; 69 P— Kt6ch., K— B i ; 70 P— R5, B— B3 ; 71 P— R6, B— K 4 ; 72 P— Kt7ch. 61. P— R4 B— Q3 62. P— Kt4 B— K2 63. P— Kt5 K— K4 64. K— Kt4 B— B i 65. K t— B2 K— K5 Even at this stage White, who has fought so hard to create a win, has not succeeded. Black draws by 65 . . ., K — K3 ; 66

P— R5, K— B2 ; 67 K— B5, K — K t i ; 68 P— R6, K— R2 ; 69 K — B6, B— Q3 ; 70 P— K t 6ch„ K x P ; 71 P— Kt7, B— K4ch. But even a master, given sufficient opportunities for going wrong, will frequently do so sooner or later. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. P— R5 Kt— R i P— R6 K— R5 K t— B2 K t— Q4ch. K— Q6 K— K5 K— K4 K— B4 B— Q3

An elegant knight manœuvre, allowing the Black Pawn for­ ward one square in order to free his own pawns from the atten­ tion of the Black king. 71. K — K5 72. Kt— K2 P— B7 73. P— Kt6 B— R6 74. P— Kt7 K—06 75. P— Kt8=Q Decisively creating the fifth queen to have appeared on the board in this superb game.


Q— R2

KxKt Resigns.



W. E. Napier (b. 1881) was taken from England to America as a child and in 1908 assumed American nationality. He was known as a child prodigy and won the championship of the Brooklyn chess club at the age of fifteen. In 1904 he won the British cham­ pionship, but in the following year retired absolutely from the game.


by this move he would secure the advantage. Correct was B— K t5. 13. K P x P

Cambridge Springs tournament, 1904.
S ic i l i a n D e f e n c e



1. 2. 3. 45. 6. 7. 8.

P— K4 Kt— QB3 Kt— B3 P — Q4 K txP B— K 3 P— KR3 P— KKt4

P— QB4 Kt— QB3 P— K K t3
P xP

B— Kt2 P— Q3 K t— B3

An advance justified not by the position but by Lasker’s own ability. Black’s attempt to disprove the move leads to a game of enthralling com­ plexity. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Position before Black's 13th move.
( D i a g r a m 30)


P— Kt5 P— KR4 P— B4 Kt(4)— K2

0 —0

Kt— K i K t— B2 P— K4 P— Q4


Kt x Kt

K t— Q5

Overestimating his position, though the ensuing course of the game shows that Black had sound reasons for believing that

If B x K t , P x B ; 15 K t x P , K t x P ; 16 Q— Q2, R— K i c h . ; 17 B— K2, and Black can re­ cover his pawn with the better game by K t x P.

K txP



Beginning to force White’s hand. 15 K t x K t is no reply now as P x K t would win by 16 B x P, Q X K t ; 17 B x B, Q x R ; i 8 B x R , QxPch. 15. 16. K t— B5 QxQ KtxKt

vantage. The text move sud­ denly threatens a winning at­ tack by 19 R P x P , B P x P ; 20 Kt xPch. , K— K t i ; 21 B— B4ch., Kt— Q4; 22 BxKt ch. , R x B ; 23 K t— K7ch. 18. 19. B— B5 R— K i PxRP

If P x Kt, B x K t ; 17 P x P, B x K P ; 18 B— Q4, B— Kt6ch.; 19 B— B2 (K— Q2, Q— Q4 ; 20 R— K K ti, B— Bsch.), Q— B2 ; with the better game. 16. 17. R xQ K t— K7ch.

If K t x B, Kt— Q4 ; 18 O— O — O, B— Kt5 ; and White can­ not play 19 R— Q3, for then KtxB; 20 R x K t , R— Q8 Mate. Also if 17 P x K t , B x K t ; 18 P x P , B x P ; 19 B— Q2, B— K t6ch.; with advan­ tage. The shrewdness of Black’s calculation on his 12th move is becoming apparent, and White must find the very best move every time to escape defeat. But at the same time White is quietly preparing his own plans against the Black king, as will soon appear. 17. 18. K— R i P— R5

It is Black who must now take care not to lose a piece. If P x B P ; 20 P x P, P x P ; 21 B— B4, threatening both K t x P Mate and B— B7. While if 19 . . ., K t— K5 ; 20 R P x P , B P x P ; 21 B— Kt5, B— B4 (not R— Q i ; 22 B— B 4 ); 22 B x R , R x B (not K t x B ; 23 B x P ) ; 23 K t x B , K t x B ; 24 K t x B. The unlikely text move is the solution to his problem ; he will sacrifice the exchange to obtain a probable draw with his two bishops. 20. B— B4

If P x K t , B— B i ; 21 B— Kt5, R x K t ; 22 B x R , B x B ; with excellent drawing chances. White, who has throughout accepted all Black’s challenges, prefers to continue his threats to the Black king. 20. PxP

In his increasingly difficult position, White exercises every subtlety to elude disaster. P x Kt, so far from winning a piece, would actually lose by P x P ; 19 B— Q4, B x B ; 20 P x B , R — K i ; while if 18 K t x B, K t— Q4 ; retains for Black his material and positional ad­

The alternative, giving chances of a draw, was B— K3 ; 21 B x B , P x B ; 22 P x K t , B— B i ; 23 R x P, B x K t ; 24 B x B , R x B ; 25 P x P , R — Q B i ; 26 O— O— O, R x P ; 27 P— Kt6, but Black has yet another surprise by which he hopes to win.

25. would . 26. K txR (BLACK) NAPIER The complications are over.K . The key move of Black’s plan. K x P K t— B6 33.B 5 34. P— R3 Kt— R5 Resigns. K — B3 P— R4 B— Kt2 Kt— Kt6 (WHITE) LASKER Position before White's 25th move. and K t — Kt6ch. 35. K t x B . that White’s position is now superior. 23.K 3 It is rare indeed that two masters. 28. R x B .. . for a move like 25 K— Kt2. BxP B xR R— Q K ti K— B i K t— K5 BxP B— B6ch. B— KKt5 simply create another threat in the advance of Black’s BP. R— R3 SiKt— K7ch. 31 . however. KBxP RxB K— Kt2 RxP BxB Kt— Kt6ch.. 32. He can only return his material advantage. It will soon be seen. . B— K4 . R— K t3 30. one pawn.. R— KR3 31. White is now faced with no less than four threats. 28. and the material is still level. both with considerable justification. ( D ia g r a m 31) And now White secures his first material advantage. but more deadly to Black is the threat of P— Kt6.B . 22.LASKER— NAPIER 77 21. is now answered by K t— Kt6ch. 29. 24. play to outcombine one another in the same combination. K t— Q7ch. 27.

and Vienna. His greatest success was winning the tourna­ ment at Carlsbad. 17 P x K t . he may be faced with either 21 P— B5. Q x B . Q x K t . winning a pawn. Ostend tournament. 19 B x K t . Duras (b. notably sharing 1st prize at Prague. R. 19. 1911. B y exchanging bishops and getting his queen off the K . or 21 K t— B3 and 22 P x P. 20 Q x B . P— Q Kt4 and P— QB5. i 6 K t x P . Teichmann (1868-1925). P x P . R uy L o p e z I. He won tournaments against the strongest opposition. 1882) was a brilliant Czech player of the first decade of the twentieth century. 2. for then 1 5 P X P . 1908.78 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD O. In the latter case he would have to recapture on K4 with the pawn on Q3. 20. 18 To permit 22 P— K5 would be to allow the full force of White’s attack to develop against his king. BxP B— K4 The purpose of White’s last move would appear if Black played Kt— QR4 here.B— B2 Kt— R2 R— K ti P— B4 K t— Q i P— K t3 P -Q R 4 K— R2 K t— K ti PxP Black plays a restricted varia­ tion of the defence. 1906. 10 9 11 12 13 14 P—04 QKt— Q2 Kt— B i K t— Kt3 B— K t3 B— K3 B— Q2 R— K i B— K B i P— K K t3 Q— K2 B— Kt2 After a typical Lopez period of preparation Black now has to make up his mind how to deal with White’s first aggressive­ ness. a German who lived for many years in England. 15. Kt x B . promised at one time to become one of the world’s strongest masters. If he does not capture the pawn.P —05 16. 1908. P— B4 17. After 1914 he retired from active play. 78 P— K4 K t— K B3 B— Kt5 B— R4 0— 0 R— K i P— B3 p— k r 3 p— K4 K t— OB3 P -Q R 3 Kt— B3 B— K2 P -Q 3 0— 0 P -R 3 18. 3456. but eye trouble forced him to abandon the practice of the game. and then White’s QR suddenly as­ sumes a much more menacing aspect after P— QR3. 21. GAME 24 DURAS— TEICHMANN B— 04 » Q— K2 .

Very fine. 25.. 41 Q— Ktsch. and mates. K— R 3 . In addition it gives Black an open file against the White king.Q— B3 Q— Q5ch. After White’s last move P— Kt5 would be answered by 39 Kt— Bsch. R— Rich. 31.. P x P . P x Kt 33. BxB Kt— K2 K t— KB3 K t— Kt3 Q— Q2 Q— B2 Q xB Q— Kt2 K t— Kt2 Kt— B4 R — K2 QR— K i 35* 36. QR— K i . 47 R— B3. 45 K t x R(6). 32. 44. 31 Kt— Kt 5ch. .P— R 3 40.. 49 R — Kt3ch. Q— B i .. He will now have to prevent Black’s P— Kt5 and this lets the queen take up a strong position on the Black squares. P x K P .. 30 R or Kt x P. 46. 46.. 42 Q x R . Q— R i . Q x Pch. R— B4 B -Q 2 42. 47. If instead P x R . B x K t . K t x K P . 24. . 36 P x P . K x K t . P— Kts . 44 K t x Pch. He forces the pace with a move Black had taken steps to prevent.R— B5 Again frustrating White’s attempts to develop a combi­ native win. However.). 38. 40 R x B . Q— K6ch. K— R2 K— Kt2 35.. R x R . 30.. 28. 27. 48 R— R5. beyond the fact that White’s position has been improved by the pawn advance. P x K t . 33 Qx P Ma t e . 3o R x P ..B 2 B— K i 0 — B6 43.. 29. 32 Q x Pch. K— B i . 43 R— B6 (threatening xP. Q . Q— Kd R(K)— K B i R— K R i K— K ti R— R5 Q— K3 R— R3 It has been suggested that here 28 P— K5 must be pre­ vented not for positional but for combinative reasons. 47 R— B 6ch. 37. P x R .DURAS— TEICHMANN 79 file the threat is largely dimin­ ished. 22. . K— Kt2 (Q— R 4 . Q x B . . . 48 B x Kt. P— Kts 39. R— K2 P— Kt3 QR— K i B— K ti KtxKt K— R i K t— B3 Kt— R2 Kt— Kt4 The position is full of com­ plications. the con­ tinuation given being 28 . P x P BxP 41. there seems no valid objection to 29 . 49 K— R2. 34. 29 K t— R5. P— K5 PxP R — K ts K — R2 [Diagram 32] Kt— B5 Double-edged. PxKt R— Kt3 Not K— R i . 32. 23. 26. K— R2 . P— K5 (Kt . 45. 46 Q— Rfch.. R— KB2 To give his king a flight square on K t i after 35 . But at last White has succeeded in forcing P— K5 and getting his bishop into the attack.

Q— Q7 . 52 R(B)— Kt5. 63. 49. Q— Qsch.. 50. 57 K— K 5. K— R2 (K— K t i . there is perpetual check by Q— K7ch. R — Q2 .Q x B 54. Q x R 52.. while if 55 R(2) x P . 53. winning. 52 R— R 3 ). 65 K — Kt6. Q x R . puts both White rooks in jeopardy. 48. K — Kt2 R(8)— B7ch. 57 K — R5. Q— K8 The climax of Black’s coun­ ter-attack. R(5)xP 56. 56 K— B4 (K— K t3.. But his two rooks are in co­ operation and will still be strong enough to win.. 60. Q— B7ch.. K— K t3 R— R3ch. 51. — Q 2.). K — Kt2 R(2)— B7ch. Against the text move White must be careful. 64. . 56. 57. Q— Q8ch.. R— B2 If K — R2. Q x R . 63. In this precarious position Black starts a vigorous counter­ attack. 51 R(i)— B5. Q— K6ch. 50 R— B3. Q— K 6ch. White cannot play K— R4 because of Q— Kt6ch. So he must give up queen for rook. BxRch. 50 Q— B6ch. 49. 61. R— Kt3ch. . and his counter-attack continues. 55. A fine example of attack and defence. Q— B6 With the triple threats of Q x R(7). ( D i a g r a m 32) Of course not Q x R . QxR(7)ch.. 48. K — K ti R— B8ch. If 55 K x P . 51 RxRch. K xQ R— B6ch. K — Kt3 R— B6ch. P— B4ch. Resigns. and mates next move. (w h i t e ) duras Position before White's 46th move. K — Kt4 Q— K6ch. Q— R sch . and R— R5 ch. 50 K — K ti... K— R2 P— K5 By stopping two of the threats his immediate loss is limited to the exchange. QxRch.8o (b l a c k ) BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD t e ic h m a n n Much stronger than Q x K tP ch. 55 Q— Kt8 Mate. Q— K t7ch. 53 R— B3. and mates. The threat 53. P— Kt4 Q— K7ch. 58. R— R3 Mate. 51 R x R ) . 62. K— Kt2 R— B7ch. If Q— R7ch. 59. and there are no more checks.. K— K ti K— R5 Threatening mate in two.

such as his 1st prizes at Carlsbad. 5 B— Kt5. Q x Qch. GAME 25 RUBINSTEIN— LASKER St. then 1 3 .. K — Q i . IDs style was quiet and simple but always extremely effective and frequent tournament successes. Q x K t . . Now White removes the pawn from the K file and he is left with a weak isolated pawn. QBxKt KtxP PxB BxB BxKt Q— Kt4 1. came rapidly into prominence early in the 1900’s... and his tie for first place with Lasker at St. or by Q— Q2 but then 10 Q— R4. 17 Q— B i. QR — Q i . 1882). 16 P x B . 9 K t x P . 14.. Petersburg. P— K4. R— Kich. and Pistyan. B x B . 16 Q— Q2. 12. P— K3 B— K ts B— K2 B— Q2 Somewhat better was B x P . He prefers to give up the pawn with the chance of a quick counter­ attack. as he can then continue P— B 4 . He retired in 1930 suffering with a mental break­ down from which he has never fully recovered. 15 P— Q5 (Kt x R. 10. Q— R 4ch. P— Q4 Kt— KB3 P— B4 B— Kt5 P— Q4 K t— KB3 P— K3 P— B4 An inferior move which comes better after 4 K t— B3. 13. 11. K— Q i . 8. 16. 15. 3. Q— K t4ch. BPxP Kt— B3 KKtxP KPxP PxP Kt— B3 The point. 1909. 11 K t x R . 10 Kt— B 7ch. 18 K — B i. 15 R— K K ti. Petersburg tournament. B— Kt3. 14 B x K t . 2.). 17 K x Q. BxKt K t— K3 BxB O— 0 — O Inviting 8 B x K t . If White con­ tinues 13 Kt— B7CI1. K x K t . 1909. 1912. .. 6. Q x B . 6 K K t x P . 9.RUBINSTEIN— LASKER 8l A. a Pole by birth. B— K5 . and if 18 R x P. Rubinstein (b.. 5. o_o R— B i KR— K i . in both cases with a difficult game. 1907. brought him into consideration as a challenger for the world title but he never secured a match. 4. K R — K ic h . with at least an equal game. P x Q P . B— Ktsch. . 7. T arrasch D e fen ce He could play to hold the pawn by Q— Q3 but then 10 B— KB4.

23 K— K i. Q— K 7 .. K — Q2 . . R— Q7ch.. Now after 19 QxPch. Q— B5 At last White establishes his advantage. 22 K — B2.. 26 K — B3.82 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (BLACK) L A SK E R P ch . so the QBP falls after all. and White will have great difficulty in preventing him from equalising. Black cannot de­ fend the BP by P— Kt3 because of 23 Q— B8ch.. R— Q8 . RxBch. winning. Q— B sch .. K — R3 .. K — Kt3 . K — K3 . K — K t i .. Q x P . Now if R— Q8ch. R— B4 P— B4 Taking counter measures just in time. 19. Q x Pch.. was better. 16. Q x Both players fight all the way. R xP A splendid move. there are no more checks and White must continue 20 P x R . iS... 21 K — R i. and the draw is almost inevitable.. 28 K — R4. 26 R— B6 Mate. 19. K — K ti . K — Q3 . 18. 22 R— K K ti (there are astonish­ ingly enough still no checks). Black has brought all his forces into play in the minimum of time. . Now if 19 . 24 R x R . (D i a g r a m 33) Not R— B2 . Q— K2 .. 25 K— B2. P x R But White has no intention of letting Black get the draw. Q— Q6ch. 20 R x P. Q— Q7ch. 24 R— Q4-ch. (R x R . with much the better game. 17. 22. If Black defends his QBP White takes the rook and remains a pawn ahead. but since White can do so 16 . 22.. 25 Q— Kt4ch. 24 K— B i.. R— Q3 . wins. R x Kt Threatening Q x P Mate. recovering the rook with a prob­ able draw). 21 Q— R8ch. QxQch. 27 K— Kt4. Q B4ch. Q x P c h . Q— Bx PxR 23 Q— K8ch. The complications are considerable even though all the minor pieces are gone. 23. 24 R — B4ch. . 21. K — K2 . R— Q2 K — Qi (W HITE) R U B IN STEIN Position before Black's 16th move. 20. 22 R xPch. K — B2 .. Q— Q6ch.. 25 Q— Q6ch.

37R— R6 P— K4 P— KR4 P— Kt4 K— B4 P— R 5 K— B5 P— K5 R -Q 6 R— R6 R — Kt2 K— B i R— B2 K— B2 K— B i K— K2 P— R3 K— B2 R— Kt2 K— B i R— Q6 R— B6 If R— Q8ch. 30.RUBINSTEIN— LASKER 83 Removing the piece that is most likely to give Black draw­ ing chances in spite of a material inferiority. 28.R— QR5 He has come through a haras­ sing time into a won rook end­ ing.. 39 K x P . 40. however. 43 R— KKt8. 41 K— Kt6. RxQKtP If K — Kt6. 23. K — B2 P— R3 A delightful conclusion. Rx P c h . 25. 39. 42 R — B8ch. R — Q7ch. and there are still technical difficulties in White's way. 45 K x P. pre­ venting R— Kt5Now after 40 . K— K2 . 44 RxPch. There are. 40 R— Q8ch. RxP K — B2 K— B3 K xQ R — Q8ch. 39. 27. K— K2 . R— K t 5 . R — Q2 . 33343536. K— Q4 . R— Q5(K— K 3 . .. 44 R— K8ch. R x P ch . and if 39 K — Kt6. with two united passed pawns. Therefore— Resigns. R— Kt5 . 37. 3i32. K— B i . 45 P— K 6 ). . . 38 P— K6.. 38. 41 R— KKt8. K— K i . . K— K 3 . K— B2 . 24.. 40 K x P. 26. 29.. so many positions in rook endings where the extra pawn does not win that he still has to be very careful how he forces the position.. 40 R— KKt8. K— K2 . K— B2 K— B i 27.

Q— Kt 5ch7. B— R2 If B— Kt3. QR— Q i Sacrificing the RP to obtain open lines in the centre by P— K4 or P— Q5. 1909. Q— Kt3 Kt— B3 15. R. P— Q5 P— K4 first gives a more en­ during pressure. 16 B— B2. 10 Q x P . 19. and it was only after he lost the world title in 1927 that his infallibility was called into question. K t— B4 OR— B i 16. P x K t . 13. KR— Qi 17.P— QR4 To prevent P— QKt4. K t— R4. B x B P P— QKt3 10. fol­ lowed either by K t x K t . or by P— QB3 . K txK t 8. Kt— Q2 . 16. 20. but this move leads to more combinative possibilities than the usual Kt— B3. Capablanca (1888-1942). KR— K i Kt— R4 18. 20 K t x P. K — R i . p . Kt— K2 B— Kt2 12. B x RP . P il l s b u r y A t t a c k 10. P x K t PxP 9. P— QB4 14. began playing as a child. The more normal line is Kt— B3. 20. 9 Kt x Kt. Kt— QB3 4* B— Kt5 5. P— QB3 11. 15 Q— Kt3. P— B5 . B x B 7. P— QB4 3. 18. 8 Q— B2. P x K t . of America at 21 and of the world at 33. P— K3 6. His style was simple and almost mechanical..84 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD J. was champion of Cuba at the age of 12. 23RXB. he won a series of tournament victories from 1910 to 1936. Q— Kt4 B— B3 P— B5 i. a Cuban. Q— B3 He cannot hold the diagonal. New York. 22 B x R . If at once B x R P . 14B— Q3. Black already has the better position. GAME 26 MARSHALL-CAPABLANCA n th match game.B— Q3 P— Q4 P— K3 Kt— KB3 B — K2 Kt— K5 Q xB This allows Black to open the long diagonal for his bishop. and it is White who is a pawn ahead. 21 BxPch. O— O O— O 13. 9 P x Kt. P— QR4. of an accuracy which reduced opponents to despair. B x R .Q B 4 .P— Q4 2.

B x K t . for 23 . but White is two pawns down and therefore in haste to increase his pressure. 33. 35 KtxPch. P— R4 B— Qy would prevent Black’s next move. R— Q3 (preven­ ting Kt— B6ch. P x P [Diagram 35] (WHITE) MARSHALL Position before Black's 23rd move. 23. B— B5 Kt— B3 R— Qi He cannot avoid this weaken­ ing move.) is answered by 24 Kt x P. Q— B6ch.. K x Q .P— Q6 (BLACK) CAPABLANCA P x B would permit 29 Q— R6. 21 K t x P . R— Q i . R— Q2 P— K4 Q x R . 27 Kt— B6ch. 32. K— B i 34.. 22. and mates. K t— K ts K t— K ti 35. . 30. (D i a g r a m 34) 23. 26 Q— R6. B— K ti. 28. and the defence has to be a model of fighting carefulness. 24. R x R . K t— B6 26.MARSHALL— CAPABLANCA 85 I f P x P . K t— K4 31. . B— K6 Kt— K2 Q— B2 K— K ti PxB White continues to attack with ingenuity. 23QxRch. Q— Kt5 Q— K3 K— R i The attack seems to have been beaten off. 25. for if Q— B i . B— K ti R xP Q xR He must either submit to an attack on his king. . and Black has no ad­ vantage. 36. . R— K2 37. 22 R x B . QxKPch.. 29. K — Kt2 If R x P at once. K t— R5 P— Kt3 Q— R4 would be answered by K — Kt2. and P— Kt3 must fol­ low. If R— K B i . P x B . 21. Black still loses the exchange if he takes the queen. or by playing P x P allow White freedom in the centre. 34 Q x Rch. winning the exchange. Q— B i . 23. R x R 27. 29. R— Bich. 33 Kt— Kt5. but White evolves still more surprises. 25 R x R . P— B4 R— K i 36. 27.

R xP (w h i t e ) m arsh all P— K6 dis. the text move would have equally sufficed. P— R5 B— K i 39. . B x R . 40 Q— Kt4. K t x P . 43 R x B . . 44 R x R . B x P . 40. but then 42 . and Black wins... 42 R— B7. B — B3. If now Q x Q .. Q— Q7 R— K2 Position before Black's 36th move. .. . R x K t . would have been stronger. K t x P . 45 R x R . but not 44 . R— B7 BxQ Or R x Q . 43 R x B . K— Kt2 . 41 P x Q . 42 R— B8. 43 R— B7. 44 K t— B7ch. R x K t . 42 P— Q7. . (D ia g r a m 35) 38. B x R .. . 43. but if Q x P . Resigns. R x Q . 43Kt xBM ate . Kt x P . 41 K t— K6ch. Q— Q6 Q— B4 The attack continues. K— R i Not K x P . with good drawing chances.. and the threat of K t— B7ch. R x P . And if 41 . R— Q 2 . 46 R x P . P— R6ch. ch. R x P ..Q—0 4 The defence holds out against White's last brilliant fling. A perfect dem­ onstration of the power even of an unsound attack and of the inexorable justice that must come if the defence is correct. 43 K P x Q . 42 R— B8. Had White tried 42 R— B7. 42. R x P . nor Kt x P ... R— K2). P x Q . must be stopped. and if 41 Q xQ .. wins.. 4 1. 43 K t— B7 Mate. 40 Q— B6ch.. If 41 . Fatal would be B x Q . R— K 4 . 41. 45 Kt— B7 Mate. .86 (b l a c k ) BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD capablanca W fy '-'v Black is threatening Q x Pch. 42 R— B8 (not QxQch. 43 K t— B7 Mate. Q x Q (forced by the threat of R x B ) .

and Prague. 1908. B— K3 . Black is just able to evolve a satisfactory defence against the text. KR— K i 18. then Q— K5 . P x P . early earned the unenvi­ able title of “ drawing master. . Berlin. P x Q . for if 14 Q— B3. P— K5 9. he was recognised for the great player he was. 13 KR— K i.Q x Q B— QR3 Q— Q5 7th match game. 3. 16. 10 Q— B3. B— Kt2. P x K t . 14. of Vienna. 1908. R x P P— Kt4 PxB . GAME 27 SCHLECHTER-LASKER 9.. 17. In 1910 he played and drew a match for the world title and oddly enough he only failed to win by not playing for a draw. 2. 10 K t x P . allowing White to develop ingenious win­ ning chances by sacrificing his QB. 13. and Black gains a move on the variation actually played. but a later improvement is 9 . 7. B— Q2 . Kt— R4 14. 14 P— KR3. O— O . 14 O— O. S ic il ia n D e f e n c e 1. B— B4 . P— Q4. 12 0 — O. 10. Q x B . . 4. 6. 0 —0 P— KB4 B— KKt2 I f P — Q4. 13 B x R . B— B4 Q— Kt3 12. 11 P x P . 11 K t x P . 15 QxQ .. when he shared 1st prize both at Vienna. B x Q P 19. Schlechter (1873-1918). O— O— O .” though at his best he was as fine a stylist as any player of his time. 12 B— B6ch. 7. P— K4 Kt— KB3 P— Q4 K txP Kt— QB3 B— QB4 KtxKt P— QB4 Kt— QB3 P xP Kt— B3 P— K K t3 P— Q3 Introducing the sharp Mag­ nus Smith variation. 16 P— B4. B— QKt3 There is nothing in 12 Q— B3. He died of under-nourishment in 1918. P— B4 QR— Qi BxQ O— 0 B— B3 Magnus Smith’s own analysis continued 9 B— B4.SCHLECHTER— LASKER 87 C. n B x P . An inaccuracy. 15. P— K6 PxKt Kt— Kts The immediate exchange of queens is virtually forced. P— Q 4. 11. 8. 1910. However. Q— Kt3 . 12. Better was either Kt— K4 or B— K4 blocking the bishop. 5.

B x P ch . B x R . . .. If 21 P— KR3. 24 P— KR3. 25 K t x B . 25. ch. . 29 R(4)— K t7. P— Kt3 Now the subtlety of Black's defence in choosing 19 . 29. Not 20 .88 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (b l a c k ) LASKER K ti.. 26 R x KP. 23 P— Q7. 28. . K t— B3 . K t x Pch. . 23 R— Q6. 23 P x B . ch. R(i)— Q7 . K— K2 K t— K4 30. and the pawns are held. . 28 R— QKt4.. ch. (D ia g r a m 36) Now White has a powerful attacking position with the threats of P— B5 followed by P— K7 dis. B— K 4 .. 22. He has to let his QBP go in order to hold up the dangerous K P and whether he tries 1 9 . P x K t .. . 25 B— Q7) . 19. B— K4 . K — Kt2 . 21. 25 B— R4. 22 K — R i. 21. 28. 25 P— K7 dis. B x R . B— K4 (BxK t. . K t— K5 . . 24 K t— B5 (the move not available to White in the previous note). B— B6ch.K 6 . KR— K i . 24 B xB. K — K t2 . K — Kt2 . B— R7ch. 20. B— K2 . 27 K— Kt2. Kt— B3. B— B3 Still not B x R .. 23 P x B . is dear. R x P B— QKt2 Insufficient would be B —K t 4 . and Black is in zugswang. R— K2 . Of course not 28 K — K2. He is now able to interpolate a little attack of his own. K t— B3 B— K5 B x Kt (w h i t e ) SCHLECHTER Position before Black's 19th move. R— Qi K— B i K— K i K t— B6ch. P— B5 B— K4 KR— K i If B— Q5 . R— B7 24. 22 P— K7 dis.. and of P— KR3 and P— K7 followed by R x B . P x B K t— K4 Black’s defence has been so far successful that the worst threats are over though the passed pawns remain. K t— B6ch. B x R . . Only the most determined and accurate resistance by Black can hold the game. 26. K t x P c h . . ch. 23. 25 P x B . 24 K — 27. 26 K t— B5. 21 P— K7 dis.. winning. or 19 . B . B— B i . K t— B3. the reply is still 20 P— B5. 22 P xB .

40 . K— Q i PxP 43. and in fact this enables him to save the game.K— Kt2 45. PxP R— Q5 R— Q6 B— Q5 P— B6 R— QKt7 K t— Kt3 B— K5 B— B4 QR— K ti Kt— B i Temporarily holding the KP.SCHLECHTER— LASKER 89 Recovering the pawn... R— K8ch. B x Kt QR— B i Kt— Kt3 RxKP B— Ktsch. 47 .K— B i 44. 3536. 30. K t x P .. White has nothing better than to take perpetual check. Both of White's advanced passed pawns have fallen and Black now threatens B— Kt4 followed by R x P Mate. P— K7 41. 39. 33. R x R. He now succeeds in remaining a piece ahead. 35 R— B7. . for if 30 . 34.R x P 48. threatening mate. 32 R— R7. winning. The culmination of a magni­ ficently accurate defence. .R x K t P The point. R— B6 R— Kt8ch. 32. 31. P— K R 3 . 3738. White cannot play 34 R x K t because of P x P .R 3 BxP Drawn. R— K B i . PxB B— B4 B— K 5 46. 31 R— Kt 7ch. K— B i . B— B7 42. Although he has two pieces en prise Black can save both of them owing to the position of White's king. . Now Black suddenly produces a threat to win the game him­ self. for if now 39 . . K— R i RxKtP B— Q6ch. 3940. K . P— B5 R— Kt7ch. with a winning rook end­ ing. Of course White cannot reply 33 K— Q2 because of Kt— B6ch. Black's de­ fence still has to be extremely accurate.

and similarly prefers now to indulge in complications based upon the threat of K t— K7CI1. B— KB4 K txP R x Kt Q— B3 Not liking P— Q3 which would allow White a strong attack for the pawn. 15 P— QB3. P— K4 P— Q4 Q xP Q— K 3 K t— QB3 B— Q2 0 — 0 —0 P— K4 P xP Kt— QB3 Kt— B3 B— Kt5 O— O R— K i By simple play against White’s risky opening Black has secured the win of a pawn. His style was extremely aggressive and he delighted in such risky gambits as the Danish. i 4 B x K t .. B— Q3 P— Q3 K t— Q5 Overcomplicated. 13B— Kt5 1. 13 B— K2.90 BATtLfiS-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Jacques Mieses (b. K t— K7ch. 1946. and White cannot play 15 P x B because of Q x P Mate. winning the queen. R— K8. 3. Kt x Kt 10. Correct wasR— Kt5 . 6. i 4 B x K t .. 1895. then B x P is a possible reply. 14 QR— K ti.. 16 . which would allow sim­ plification without retreat. 2. [Diagram 37] 14. and what may be his last at Hastings. B -K 3 Naturally not B x R . Q— K3 . . P— Q5. 15QX B. 14 B x R. GAME 28 MIESES-CAPABLANCA Exhibition game. R x B . He did not like them then. K t— K 7ch. 16 P x B . Q— Kt3 9. but frequent brilliancy prizes. K 1 4 P — QB 3. C e n t r e G am e R— K i would lead to varia­ tions similar to those in the previous note. Q x Pch. 15 B x K t . 14 P— KB3 only gives equality after R x B . Berlin. This brought him uneven results in tourna­ ments. 1913. 15 Q— B3. P— Q4 . 8. 11. 4. R— K K t5 . 13. 7. 5.. Q— K8 . Kt— R3 12. Kt— K7ch. and then if 9 B— Q3. R x R c h . for if 15 P x B . 1865) played in his first masters tournament at H astin gs. B x P . if P— QB3. 17 Q— K3. is far too unenterprising. If now 8 P— B3. If now n B x P . B x B . 12 K— Ktx. Also. Kt— K 7ch.. Kt— Kt5 White must exercise the ut­ most care. P— Q 3. little success in matches. with the threat of Q -K 2 . R x B .

23. If White now takes the rook. P x Q . was not enticing. 23 R— K7. Qx R RxKt Q— Kt4ch. R x B . Q— B3 P— QB3 P— Q4 B— K2 and Preventing P— B6 threatening B— Kt4. The alternative of B— B 4 . Black could not reply Q— Kt5 be­ cause of 24 Q— K8ch. P— B4 P— B3 KR— K i R— Q5 Q— Kt4 B— B4 Q— B3 B x Kt. with a pawn ahead. By his last move White has proved the whole combination to have been unsound after all. R xB An error of judgment. R — Kt5 Mate. 17 Qx R . 15 P— QB3. And here Q— K7 with the same idea was better. 22. enabling him to capture on K4 instead of on K2. With the exchange ahead in this simplified position. for if R— K 2 . 20. with a winning end-game. And finally if 14 B x K t . brings all his pieces to bear on White’s king with an economy of moves that is quite remarkable. . He cannot force the K side and get a quick mate by weight of material. 17 K—-Kti. 22. R— Q2 25. (WHITE) MIESES Position before White's 14th move. Q— Q i . P— B5 Q— Q2 The only move. 1718. any player might expect to win. 14.. Black plays B x R and still comes out a pawn ahead. ( D i a g r a m 37) 19. 15. 21. so the logical course was 22 Qx Q . K— B i . B— B 4 .MIESES— CAPABLANCA (b l a c k ) capablanca 91 16. Q x Pch. 16 R x B . B x R . 2324. (the White queen was defending this on the previous move) . wins a piece. 16 B xPch. 19 Q x P. Black must now lose the ex­ change. Black. K t— K4 RxB A tactical finesse. Now that White has wasted two moves. R x B . Q x B K t— K7ch. whose position still does not appear to hold any promise. B x K t 17. 17 R x K t . . Black’s combination is seen in all its ingenuity.

35. with varia­ tions similar to those in the actual game. Q -Q 6 42. P— KKt4 29. makes de­ fence of the RP an urgent neces­ sity. R x R . 41 Q x R . followed by P— B6. threatened. Resigns For if 45 R— Q2. Q— R3 Q— R5 32. R— Q K t i. P x R . He has not only escaped defeat but has actually won a lost game. the very move White has fought so long to prevent. or even Q xRch. B— Q5 . R— Qi P— B4 31. P— Q5 is 30. R(5)— Q2 [Diagram 38] 39. P— B5 Much stronger than Q x RP.92 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 26. R x P R— Q K ti 39. R(2)— Q2 Q— Ksch. 42 R x P. 35. The text move. R x P . Not P— B 6. 46 R x R . 44. 37. Q— R5 38. and R x R. The way in which Black has seized the initiative is an object lesson in the correct use of material.R— Q3 P -B 6 PxP Q— K5 White has battled hard to stave off the attack and just when he seems to have suc­ ceeded Black prevents R x R by the double threat of Q— K8ch.P— Qr 3 If now R x P . 40. R(2)— K2 27. 33. K— R i P— QKt4 And now the threat of P— Kt5 is worse still. . (D ia g r a m Q— Kt2 K— K ti Q— R5 38) Not R x P. (WHITE) MIESES Position before Black's 39th move. and if 45 Q— Q2. R— Qi R— QB6 And with this beautiful con­ clusion Black settles the matter. R— QB2 43.. Q— K8ch. Q— R5 28. 36. K— K ti B— B3 P— KR3 K— R2 R— Qi (b l a c k ) capablanca The first stage. 38 r (5)— Q2» P— B5 . P x P Q xP 37. 34. Q— Kt3 R— Ktfx P -K t5 41.

then Q— R5 . 18 Q— B2 (R— K2. B— Q3 . (D i a g r a m 39) P -Q 4 . in which a pawn is sacrificed for a strong attack. Kt— K t5 . 20 K— Qi. B— R6ch. 1918. Q— R7ch. 17 K— Bi. 18 K— K2. 11. 3456.. KB x P . 19 R— Kt2. Kt— Kt5 New York tournament. 9.Q K t4 0— 0 P -Q 4 The Marshall Variation. winning. Q xRch.. 2. !5..CAPABLANCA— MARSHALL 93 GAME 29 CAPABLANCA-MARSHALL KR3.b 3 The attack begins and with it a period of intense crisis. 13. KtxP R— K2 .). P— K R 3 B— Q3 (w h i t e ) capablanca Position before Black's 15th move. P— K4 Kt— KB3 B— Kt5 B— R4 O— O R— K i B— K t3 p. QR— Kich. B— Ktsch. 13. 16 P x B . he suspected a prepared variation was coming. PxP K txP RxKt R— K i Kt x P K txK t K t— B3 I.0—B3 P— Q4 (b l a c k ) Q— R5 m ar sh all Subsequently 12 P— Q4. 17 Q xB . He said afterwards that as soon as Marshall allowed him to play the Ruy Lopez. but Capablanca is out of the book and has to im­ provise. 12. QR— K ich . 19 K— K2.. Q— R5 . 10. 13 R— K2. Capablanca anticipated that the attack would be “ terrific. was preferred as a defence.. Or 15 Q— B3. 14 P - 15. B x P . If in reply to the text move White plays 14 P x Kt.” 12. would merely be a transposition of moves. 20 K— K i... 16 K— Bi. QR— Kich. Q— R8 ch. 78.. QxPch. 15 P— Kt3. 14. B— R6ch. was introduced to master play in this game. for Marshall had never faced a Ruy Lopez from Capablanca since his unhappy experience against it in the match of 1909. 16. B x P . 15 Q— B3. R u y L opez P— K4 Kt— QB3 P -Q R 3 Kt— B3 B— K2 P .



If 16 Q x Kt, B— R7ch„ (B— Kt6 would allow the brilliant reply 17 QxPch. , R x Q ; 18 R — K8 Mate, showing how delicately the game is now balanced); 17 K— B i, B— K t 6 ; 18 Q— K2 (now if Q x Pch. the queen is captured with a check), B x P ; 19 P x B, QR— K i ; 20 Q x R , Q x P c h . ; win­ ning. After the text the attack must ease a little as Black loses a piece. 16. B— KKt5

A last attempt to revivify his flagging attack, but White is now poised for his counterthrust. The problem of Q side development is to be solved by the advance of the Q side pawns. 27. P x P 28. P— Kt4 29. P— R4 30. P x K t P 31- R— R6 32. K t x P 33- P— Kt6 BxP

B -Q 3
P -Q R 4 PxP PxP B— K ts

The attack is continued with the utmost ferocity. If instead 16 . . ., K t x P c h . ; 17 P x K t , B x P ; 18 R — K4, or 16 . . ., B x P ; 1 7 P X B , K t x P c h . ; 18 K — B i, K t— K t 4 ; 19 Q— Kt2, but 16 . . ., K t— Kt5 ; 17 B— KB4, B— Kt2 ; 18 P— Q5, K t — B3 ; was a playable alterna­ tive. 17. 18. 19. PxB K— B i R x Kt B— R7ch. B— Kt6

The picture has now changed completely, and Black is help­ less against the passed pawn, for the moment his rook leaves the first rank. White has Q x Pch., available again. 33. 34. 35. 36. BxB P— K t7 Bx Pc h . B x Kt P— R3 R— K6

White has fought his way into slightly calmer water. He obtains two pieces for the rook, but is still behindhand in de­ velopment. 19. 20. 21. 22. K— K2 B — Q2 Q— R8ch. BxR B— R5 QR— Kich. Q— B8ch. B— B7 Q— Kt8 P -Q B 4

Forcing the pawn home, for if in reply 36 . . ., K— R i ; 37 R — R8, R x Q ; 38 Rx Rc h. , K— R2 ; 39 R — R8ch., K x R ; 40 P— Kt8=Qch., or 36 . . ., K— R2; 37 Q— B5ch., K — R i; 38 Bx Pc h. , K x B ; 39 Q— Kt6ch., K— R i ; 40 Q x P Mate. 36. 37. 38. R xB P— Kt8=Qch. K— R2 RxPch. Resigns.


Q— R3 K— Q3
K — B2 Q— B 3
B— £5


It is mate in two after 38 . . . , K x R (P x R ; 39 Q x R Mate); 39 Q— R8ch., K — Kt3 or 4 ; 40 Q— R5 Mate.



A. Alekhine (1892-1946), Russian by birth and French by adop­ tion, was world champion from 1927 to 1946, except for the period I935-7* At his best he was perhaps the most completely equipped and gifted chessplayer of all time, at home in open and close posi­ tions, orthodox and experimental, sound in theory and fiery in imagination. In his early years overshadowed by Lasker and Capablanca he showed by his decisive victories in such tournaments as San Remo, 1930 and Bled, 1931, that in the fullness of maturity he was as great if not greater than they.


London tournament, 1922.
Sl a v D e fe n c e

1. 2. 3. 4. 56. 7. 8. q.

Kt— KB3 P -Q 4 p- b 4 K t— B3 P— QR4 P -K 3 BxP O— O Kt— K2

P— Q4 K t— KB3 P— B3 PxP B— B4 P— K 3 B— QKts 0— 0

P— R5 Continuing the attack on his K4 by threatening R— R4 at a suitable moment. 20. 21. B— Kt2 K R -Q i B— B6

II. 12. 13. 141516. 1718. 19. 20.

Kt— R4 KtxB PxP Q -K 2 KtxKt Q— Kt4 Q— B3 p — QKt3 R— Rz

P— B4 RPxKt KtxP KKt— K5 KtxKt Kt— B3 Q -B 2 Q -K 4 Kt— K5

The theme of this opening is control of White’s K4, and with the text move Rubinstein evolves an elaborate plan to get rid of Black's QB. The more usual play is Q— K2. From this point the battle for control of the vital square is fought out with all the intensity and per­ sistence of which the players are capable. 910. Kt— Kt3 QKt— Q2 B— Kt3

Not 2 1 . . . , Q— KB4 ; 22 R— R4» B— Q7 ; 23BXKP. 22. B x B 23- R— B2 KtxB P— QKt4

The threat is 24 KR— B i, K t — Q4; 25 P— K4, and White controls the key squares and comes out with the better game. 24. t x P e . p . 25. KR— B i PxP

Maroczy recommended Q— B4 here.



25. 26. R— K i 27. B— B i 28. Q— B4

Kt— R7 P— QKt4 Kt— B6


If 28 P— K4, P— Kt5 ; and the first stage of the game ends in equality. White prefers a line which will allow him to use the open files in the centre later. 28. 29. 30. Si32. 33343536. 37PxQ P— K t3 B— B4 K— Kt2 R— K5 R -O 2 R— B2 P— R4 R(2)— K2 0x0 P— K t5 R— R6 K— B i K— K2 R— QB i R -Q i R -Q B i Kt—0 4

Position before Black's 42nd move.
(D i a g r a m


Threatening R— Q8 followed
by R(2)— Q7 Mate.

Now White has succeeded in developing a strong game in the centre. The immediate threat is 38 R x Kt and if 37 . . Kt — Kt3 ; 38 B x P , P x B ; 39 R x Pch., K— B2 ; 40 R x Kt, R x P ; 41 R— Kt7ch., K— B3 ; 42 R(2)— K7, with advantage.

42. R— R2 43. R— Q8 K t— K5 44. R(2)— 05 R— 03 Not Kt— Q3 ; 45 R — KKt 8, Kt x P ; 46 R(5) - 08 , K t - Q 3; 47 R— Kt 8. 45. R— K Kt 8 R— R7
White’s attack has reached its full force. He is certain to recover his pawn and he is threatening even worse things. Black swings to counter-attack just in time.

38. R— Q2 39. P— R5

Kt— B6 R— B3

Trying to increase his pres­ sure by sacrificing a pawn, the object of which is primarily to weaken Black's KP. A new in­ tensity comes into the game. 39P— B3 40. R— K3 PxP 41. P— B5 P— K4 42. R(3)—03

46. RxKtPch. K— B i 47. R— Kt8ch.
Still neither player can tip the scales in his own favour. White must now adopt this very in­ genious method either to force a draw or to get back to intercept the attack.

P x P . 64 P— Kt6. 55 B x P . 64 K — K i. Kt— Kt4ch. K— K 5 .K— K ti 54. Kt— Q7ch. K t x B . 55 PX P. K x B P . drawing. .. K— Kt2 49.). 63 P . for not only does it give Black a passed pawn but it enables him to keep the White king out of action in a comer. 61 B x P. P— B4 P -K 5 Allowing White to bring his king across at last. K xR 48.R 3 . Kt — Qsch. B x P K— Q3 K— B4 Kt x P A drawn ending has been reached after all. 53 K— K t3. wins.. R x R(2) R— Q7 50. p . 54 P— B 4ch. K— B3 . Kt— Q7 .RUBINSTEIN— ALEKHINE 97 47. Correct is 6 2. Kt— B4 .. winning. P x P e . 56 B -B 7 ) . .. 63 P— Kt5. draws) . P— R5 (K— R3 . K t— Q2 . K— B3 59. 60 K— K2.. 53 K . Kt— B6. 56 B— B2. R x R K txR 51. 6 2 K X P . and Black must now be careful for if 62 . 54 P— Kt5 (B xP . . but now the Black king is also in range... R— Q2 dis. 62 P— Kt4. B x P Resigns.K t5 . . B— B7 57. Kt— B8 . B x K t 61. Much better was the line suggested by Bum : 52 P -K t4 . 5152. P— K6 A last effort to retain some chances by 59 . 57 K— Kt4. K -Q 6 K— Qy P— Kt6 P— K7 . B— Q5 55. P— Kt6 . 53. 52. KxP(4) . The reply chosen by Black crashes any chances re­ maining for White. K — Kt2 K— B i K— K2 60. B— B7 K -Q 5 But this is a serious error.B— Kt8 B— B4 62. 58 B— Qi. 59. 58.. K— Kt4 . (KxP(4).

. P— KR4 B— Qz R— K ti Kt— K i Vienna tournament.” The chief feature of their theory was that occupation of a square or squares was often less effective and certainly less flexible than remote control. P— Q 4. . was one of the most original masters of the twentieth century and a leader of the school which revolted against the dogmas of Tarrasch and was dubbed “ Hypermodem. P— B4 P— B4 3 . P— K Kt4 .. which call for a high de­ gree of positional exactness on White's part. 78. Black’s sym­ metrical defence causes White no trouble but the more aggres­ sive replies based on 1 . 8.. BxB. 16 Kt — Kt4. R e ti System 1. P— R5 B— Kts PxP 456. Kt— B7ch.. The KRP is to be given up to open the file for the rook. 13. but the whole idea is somewhat specu­ lative and out of key. 16 Q x Kt. A. Reti (1889-1929). 11. K t— KR4 Q— Q2 14... The excesses of the Hypermodems soon faded but their teachings left their mark and brought new vitality into a chess that was becoming too orthodox. had not yet been developed. White can $lay 13 Kt— R2. . 12. 14 P— B3. Q— Q2 (preventing P — KKt4). Kt— KKt5. 9. B— Kt3 . 1923. a Czech. B— Kt2 Kt— B 3 P -Q 3 B— K3 P— KR3 B— Kt2 Kt— B 3 0— 0 P -Q 3 If B x P .98 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R. Not yet Q— Q2 threatening . 15 Q x P . GAME 31 RETI—BECKER B— R6. . B— K4 K t— Q5 Threatening to break up White’s attack completely by 15 . because of 8 . P — KKt3 P — K K t3 White’s first three moves constitute the Reti System which was introduced to master play at this time. with a strong game. Q— Q2 10. . B— R6 11. Kt— KB3 Kt— KB3 2. Indicating his intention of forsaking the positional basis of the opening and of going in for a combinative attack. Becker was a prominent Austrian master who frequently figured in the prize list of continental tournaments.

. 25. and wins. P x K t . followed by Q— R5. 27 Kt x Pch. P x K t . Q— R5 (threatening Q— R6ch. while if 18 K — K ti. B x B KtxB After 24 . K t x P c h . (D ia g r a m 41) Black has now developed his own attack and White is in difficulties. 17. . .. (W HITE) R ETI Position before Black's 17th move. K— K ti QxKPch. . Less good would be 23 . 19 Kt x Kt. or QxKt. Q— B7 Mate. Q x P . 18 K— K ti (K— B2. K t— B6ch. . 25 B x R .RETI— BECKER 99 15* O— O— O P— Kt4 16. . K— K ti An error under time pressure.. 26 QR— K i. and after the fall of the QBP with a threat to the knight. BxBch. Kt— Kt5 (BLACK) BE CK E R P x P . . 26BxP. K t x K t .. for if in reply 18 Q x Kt. 23. in two cases with check. Or if 17 Kt— Q5.). P— B3 P— Kt5 17. White must therefore allow Black to sacri­ fice his knight for the complete disruption of the White pawns. 20 Q— Kt5. He has to stake everything on his attack on Black's king. . Q— K4 .. The QKt file must therefore be kept closed. winning. 25 B xB . K t x Pch. R x P c h . K — B2 PxB P x Kt Kt— B5 K txP K txB Q— K3 A terrible position for White.. Q— R6ch. K— R i PxP Black has secured the re­ markable and very unusual bargain of six pawns for a minor piece. After K— R i White would have great difficulty in saving the game. Q x K t . K t x K t KxKt 26.). 25 QR— K Kti. threats to three pawns. for if 27 QR— K K ti. 18. inviting a direct attack on his king by 24 K t x B . 24. 18 P xB P . Kt x B .. 19. B x B . Q— Rsch. If 17 P x B. 22. R x K t . 20 Q xB. 20. 19 P x K t . 21. 19 QR— Bi. faced as he is with a threat to his bishop. 21. B x Bch. and Black is two pawns ahead with a com­ fortable game. QxBPch. Kt— B6ch. nor is R x Kt satisfactory because of 24 Q— Kt5.White with a rook for five somewhat loose pawns is better off. A fine move. Q— B3 .

31 Kt— B7. P x K t . 12. 33 Q— R4. . 32 Kt— Q5. R— Kt2 . . GAME 32 ZNOSKO-BOROVSKY— ALEKHINE Paris tournament. or 30 . 29. P— K4 P— K5 P -Q B 4 P— 0 4 P— B4 BPxP B— K 3 K t— KB3 Kt— B3 R— B i K t— KB3 K t— Q4 Kt— Kt3 P—03 PxP Kt— B3 B— B4 P— k 3 Kt— Kt5 P— B4 White’s formidable looking pawn advances in this opening. and the simple 12 Kt x P was sounder. 34 Kt— B6. B— K2 . is best known for his lively and excellent treatises on various phases of the game and is perhaps the greatest teacher of elementary chess of all time.. R x P The first pawn Black loses is fatal to him. . P— QR3 . R x Rch.. R— K i . he can achieve little. 15 Kt — Q6ch. P— K 3. The continuation might be 30 . 78. B— Kt5 No doubt hoping for 12 . As it is White is able to threaten R x Pch. P— QR3 P x P 12. though after 12 . 28 Kt x QP. . Superior weight must tell. P— Q R4. 30 Q x QP. R— QBi. 2. 14 Kt— QKt5.. . Q x B . 13 B x B. . with deadly effect. 29 Q— B6ch. E. 11. Q— Q2 . Q x Q 30. 3456. As Tartakower has said .. 1925.. Kt— B3 . 28. 35 Q— R8 ch. with a good game. K x R . . R x R . P x Kt A startling reply indicating that he is going all out to win. White has his initiative to de­ fend. a prominent Russian master in the years before the First World War. 27. . 1884). . R— K ti Resigns. 33 Kt— Q5. and with this move Black begins undermining White’s centre.. As curious and re­ markable a game as any ever played. Q x Rch. 910. R— K t2 . QR— K K ti K— R i 28. R— Q B i . 31 K— K ti. 34 Q x RP. 32 K t— B7. K— B i . Znosko-Borovsky (b. A l e k h in e D e f e n c e I.100 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R— K t i .

19 K— K2. He prefers to retain a more com­ plicated position at some cost in development. B— Ktsch. but not -— 16 Q— KB2. ( D i a g r a m 42) B6. If 18 B — K2 (against R— Q8ch. 24 Q x B . or 23 . 16 K— B2. He now develops his bishop with good effect through the threat of B— Ktsch. and O— O is still impossible because of 25 K t— B6. R— QBi . 18.P— B5 The point. B x Q R xB (B L A C K ) A L E K H IN E The alternative line was P x P . 15 QxQ. Kt x Rch. Kt— B7ch. P x R = Q . 14. 23 B— R4. B x P . B x K t . . B— QB4. 14 B x K t .. . . Q— R i PxP Kt— R5 (WHITE) Z N OSK O-B OR OV SK Y He cannot satisfactorily con­ tinue protecting his QB2... B— Kt3 [Diagram 42] 19. . and Black. Q— B3 P— QR3 Now Black’s difficulties with his development become ap­ parent for if 2 1 . Black has a choice of B x P . R x B 23. 21 P— B7. 22. winning a piece. .. . K t— B6 Mate. Q— B8ch. threatening R— Q8ch. If 23 O— O. 20 K— K2. B x R . Kt(5)— K6ch. K txP 20. B— B4 . but possibly a better line was 16 Q— Kt3. 24 B— Qi. 17 Q— Kt3. as in the text. 19. R x K t. 20 Q Kt5. but chances of a more rapid development than in the line selected. 21 P x P . Kt— Q2 21. P— QKt4 (if B— QB4 . Kt— B7ch... P— Q R 3.. BxR Position before White's 19th move. P— QKt4 . 18 B x K t . B— B4 . 22 Q'— B7 (preventing O— O). Kt x B c h . Kt— Q4 K t— B7ch. BxKtch. Playing to bring his superior weight to bear. . . 18 R x K t . P— QR3 .ZNOSKO-BOROVSKY— ALEKHINE IO I 13. at once. . . K— K2 . If in reply 19 . B— K2 . has a rook and a minor piece for the queen. P x B . R x Kt 18. 17 Q— K3. 20 P— . K t— B4 . 21 Kt— Kt3. P— K t3 . Q x P 16..). while if 19 . 22 K t x Kt P. 16. Preparing to give up a third piece to keep Black tied up. 20 B— Ktsch. 22 Qx B) . 17. Q— Kt3 15. winning a piece.

... 42 Q x KRPch. a Russian by birth. B— B 2 . he always seeks to escape from the book and this has perhaps cost him a number of prizes. Tartakower (b.K i . P— B3 K t— B3 . Bogolyubov (b. R . K— K 3 . P o n zia n i O p e n in g P— K4 P— K4 London tournament. K— B i . K — B i . B— B3 . however. in 1929 and 1934S. won many tournaments. 44 P— K7. Q x P R x Kt 25. 35 Q— Kt4. B— B4ch. By 1929 he was regarded as a challenger for the world title. 25 Q xP . (or P— QR4. R x P The point of White’s 23rd and 24th moves. He has.102 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD threatening R x K t and B— Q B4. K — B2 .. but was soundly defeated twice. K — R2 . 40 Q— Kt3ch. RxRch. 36 Q— Kt4ch. B x P . and at Hastings. 1889). 34 Q— K t 5ch. Black must now exert all his resources to save the game. Q— B8ch. 38 Q— Kt3ch.. 0 —0 B— Q6 27. 36 P— QR4. R— B i . K— K2 . 26 Q— B6ch.. K— Q2 . B— K2 Drawn. 1927. R— Q2 26. While if 23 Kt— B3. for if 32 . 37 Q— K t3..). An original and aggressive player. while Black cannot escape perpetual check in his exposed situation. also bom in Russia. White can hope for no more now. . 24 Q— B8ch. 35 Q x P . GAME 33 TARTAKOWER-BOGOLYUBOV I. 1887). 41 Q— Q3> K — K t2. R— B i . 30. 39 P— K6ch. K— R i 29. 1946. 27. QxPch. B— Qi 32. 2. He rapidly achieved prominence in the 1920’s and his vigorous and aggressive style won him a number of tournaments. B— Kt4 R— K2 E. B x R 31. 23. 1930. 43 Q— Kt ich.. R— Q i. as for example at Liege.. notably Moscow. adopted Ger­ many as his country after his internment there during the First World War. R— Qi 24. 28. 1925. D. and Black obtains a quick deployment of forces. 3. later took French nationality. Q— K6ch. B— Q6. some such line follows as 33 Q— B 5ch. Q— B6ch. B x P . K — K 2 ..

K K t— Q2 P— K6 A sharp move. 13 B x Kt. The king comes under fire on the other flank. B— Q3 .. K t— B4 B x RP [Diagram 43] A counter-attack just in time. . K t x R P . . . B— Q2 14* B— K i O— 0— O Q— K2 If 14 . 15 Kt— Kts. . where White gets a strong though not decisive attack at the cost of a pawn. and if 14 . Q— R 4 . for he was threatened with Kt — Kt2. 26 P— Kts. . P— Q4 5. 15 P— KR3. which leads to positions akin to some in the Danish Gambit or the Goring Gambit. 11. Preventing 11 Q— Kt2. Q x Pch. 15. 28 Q x B. B x K t 16. 12. how­ ever. 7. K t— B3 25. and if instead 25 . . 18. Q— R6 . P— Kt4 24.. 23. by the threat to the KP. and 6 . P x P 9. K P x P 6. leaves Black reasonably safe. Of course if now 26 Q x B.. P x P . B— K t3 R— K K ti B— B2 P— K4 B— K3 P— KR4 P— R5 Q— B2 B— Q3 K t— R4 A rather pointless move. P— B4 . or n B— Kt2. B x K tP .. 19. B— B3 17. R x K t . for though White’s king side is broken up he secures control of the centre. It is not altogether satisfactory. B— K2 P -Q 4 QxP P— K5 13. .. .. P x Kt. Safer was K — B i. 24. Kt— K2 . 22. . Kt— Q2 QxKt Q— Kt3 P— B3 As a result of his choice on the 3rd move Black must now decide between this not very satisfactory move. B— Kt6ch. B— B3 10. with ad­ vantage. K — Qi Q— Rsch. putting a keen edge on the game. If 12 Kt— Kt3. with good chances of a suc­ cessful storming attack. Q— K2 QxKtP Q— R6 Kt— K K ts Preferring to hold his K4 rather than try and fight it out for his K5 by P— B4. B— Q2 He could retain some say in the centre by 12 . . while 26 R— Kt2. 21. . Q x K t . White now has time to work his QB round to the K side. 8. 4. 27 K t x Bch. K— K i B— Rsch.TARTAKOWER— BOGOLYUBOV IO3 Stronger and more usual is P— Q4 at once. 27 R x P. K t— K4 12. 13 Q—Kt2. 20. His counterweight to White’s centre lies on the other wing.

The reply 36 B— B4. would be answered by Q— R8 ch. 33. Q x P . K t— Kt2 27. P— Q K t4... even at the cost of another piece.. . 36 Q x R . K— Q2. Q x Qch. He must close one of the two bishops' diagonals. threatening Q— R8ch.. while 36 Q— B4.. B— K3 32. P— K t6 . would allow 3 6 . P x K t . P— B5 . 35 B xPch .). Q x Bch.). .. 37 Q— B2 (K— K ti. 30 R— B i. 35R -K 5 (w h i t e ) TA RTAK OW ER Position before White's 26th move. Attack and counter­ attack now continue at a fast pace. 38 K — K ti. or 37 K — K i. Q— B3 . Black would threaten 3 6 . Q— Kt4ch.. for if 27 . 38 K— B2. R— Bi). 34R xP A surprise.B— B4 After 35 B x R. K— B i KR— K i P— KB4 P— KKt4 The likely looking P— B5 will not win the piece because Thrill follows thrill now that Black is committed to an all out effort. R x B . R— K tic h . Q— R6ch.104 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (b l a c k ) b o g o l y u b o v of 33 B— Kt4ch. P x B 31.. Q X R. .. . 37 Q— Kt2. when Black has little hope of saving the game.. for a quiet move such as R(4)— Q i . 38 K— R i.. (D ia g r a m 43) 26. P— Q5 B— B3 B xP He prefers a fighting line. but not the best move. K — K t i . 30. 37 Q— Q2» Q— R8ch. R— K7 . . Q— R8 Mate. 39 K— B3.. B— Q2 . Q— B 6 . 35 Q x P (B x P. B x B BxR KtxQP He must lose another piece. 29 Q— R6ch.. . . Q— R6 ch. 28.. . threatening 31 B— R2.. 34 B— K6. Q x Pch. P— Kt6 . R— B i . 30 B— Kt4ch. B— R i If 34 B x K t P .. P x K t 29. 38 K — K2. Q— R6ch. and White will have two bishops for rook and pawn. 37 B— K ti... 39 K— B i. With 34 . Q— KB2 P— Kt5 34. 28 K t x B . 35 B— B2. Q x B . P— Kt6ch.. 38 K— K2 (K— K i .. 35. K — K t i . Q— R8ch. drawing. He must therefore stake every­ thing on his K side pawns. rather than 29 . his pawns should give him at least a draw. 36 B x Q .

43. 22nd match game. Q— K8ch.. 37... Q— K3 R— K ti Q— B3 R— KB4 Or 48 . 51 Q—B7 Mate.). 40. leads no­ where and now the Black pawns begin to fall.. QxRP Q— R8ch... 44. K— Q4 . K— B4 . 50 Q— R5ch. 46 K— K ti (K— R3. 345- Kt— KB3 p— k 3 P -Ö 4 B— K2 0— 0 QKt— Q2 p— b 3 PxP Kt— Q4 Q xB If 11 0 — O. . White can no longer answer 45 K— R2 be­ cause of 45 . . . leads to a drawish position . Q— R6ch. . K— K3. R— Kt 4ch. GAME 34 ALEKHINE—CAPABLANCA Correct was 44 Q x Pch. Q— Kt6ch. how­ ever. 12 R x Kt..B x P 10. P— Kt7ch. Now Black can get out of his diffi­ culties.. B xR K— K ti PxB P— Kt6 B x R P . Kt— K4 2. 46.. Q x B ch . 49 R— B7ch. . This attack. 41 Q— Q8 Mate. Q xP K— R i R —QBi R— Q4 K— Q2 Q— Qsch. first. Q xBch. Q x P . 36. Q— B6ch. R— Kt4ch. with very good chances. Buenos Aires.. Now it is easy for White. After 45 . 38. 39. White has consolidated his position. 47 B x R . 48 P— 0 4 P -Q B 4 Kt— QB3 B — Kt5 P— k 3 6.ALEKHINE— CAPABLANCA 105 would allow 36 Q x QRP with a terrific attack.P— K7. 41 • 42. 1927. 38 Q xQRP. 44. K — B3 K— K3 R xP P— R7 Q— B6ch. R— R4 Mate or K— Bi. B— 03 9. K xP P— R6ch. 47. and Black with his material inferiority cannot afford moves like P— Kt3. Q— Ksch. R— K B 4 . Black frees his game with Kt x Kt . Resigns. 40 Q— R8ch. 48. Kt— B3 7 . 48 K— Ri. P— B3 . however. Missing his opportunity. 45.. I. The text move. R x B . 49. P illsbury A ttack The point. 49 K— Kti. 39 R— Qi.. R— Q3 Not 37 . 49 Kt— B4. . . 47 K x P . Q x Q . K— ¿2 . . defending the bishop. P— K4. A titanic struggle from start to finish. B x B 11. P— K6 For if 49.R— B i 8. 47 K— Kti. .

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unless he can play O— O first because of the check on his QKty. 11. Kt(4)— B3

19. 20.

Kt— Kts P— KR3 Kt(5)— K 4 K — K2

If Kt(2)— B3 he not only reduces his chances of playing P— K4 or P— QB4 later but his advanced knight would be a target for the White KP. 12. 1314. 15. Kt— Kt3 Q— Q2 KxQ K R -Q i Q— Ktsch. QxQch. R— Qi

If 20 . . ., P— QB4; 21 P— B4, P x Pch.; 22 R x P, with by far the freer game. 21. 22. P— B4 Kt— B3 P— KB4 Kt— B2 be

Now P— QB4 would answered by 23 P— Q5. 23. 24.

Kt(Kt)— K2 P— KKt4 P— KR4 P— Kts

Better than 15 B— Q3, P— K 4; 16 P x P , Kt— K ts ; 17 P — K6, Kt(2)— K4 ; 18 K t x Kt, K t x K t ; 19 P x P ch ., K x P ; 20 R— B3, P— QKt4 ; as in the 20th game of the match. Now if 15 . . ., P— K 4 ; 16 K— K2, P x P (P— K 5 ; 17 K t— K t5 ); 17 R x P , with considerable pressure.

P x P would lead to a prob­ able draw after 25 R— KRi, R— K K t i ; 26 R x P , R x P ; 27 R xP, QR— K K t i ; but not 25 . . ., P— B 4 ; 26 R x P , B x P ; 27 R— KKti, R— K K t i ; 28 R x P , B— Kt2 ; 29 R— R7ch., winning a piece. 25. 26. Kt— Kt3 B— Kt3 P— QR4 QR— B i

1516. P— K4

P— QKt3

Here K— K2 would not be sufficiently aggressive, Black getting a solid position by 16 . . ., B— K t2 ; 17 R— Q2, K— B i ; 18 R(B)— Qi, K— K2; 19 P— K4, P— KR3. 16. 17. P— K5 B— Kt2 Kt— K i

If 26 . . ., P— K t4 ; 27 P— Q5 (P— R4, P— Kts ; 28 Kt (B)— K2, QR— B i ; 29 R— B2, Kt— Q4ch.; with equality), BP x P ( Kt xP ch . ; 28 B xKt, BP x B ; 29 Kt xKtP) ; 28 Kt(B) — K2, QR— B i ; 29 Kt— Q4, with positional compensation for the pawn, as in the 24th game of the match. 27. 28. 29. P— R3 R— B i R— Q2 B— R i R(2)— QB2 P— B4

Against Kt— K4— Q6. 18. K— K3 K— B i

Allowing White to get his knights on aggressive squares. Preferable was P— KR3.

Not 29 . . ., Kt— Q4ch.; 30 Kt x Kt, KP x Kt (forced); 31 B xP . Black now seeks to break out of his constricted position.



30. P x P 31. Kt— R4

K tx P Kt(2)— R3

Not 31 . . Kt x B ; 32 R xK tch., R x R ; 33 R xR ch., K— Q i ; 34 R— B3, Kt— R8 (Kt— B4 ; 35 K t x KtP, win­ ning) J 35 K t xK tP , B— Kt2 ; 36 Kt— Kz, R— B2 ; 37 K t— Q4 (threatening R— Bi), R— B 2 ; 38 K t x Pch., wins.

attempt by White to make quick use of his rooks on the QB file leads to an ending in Black’s favour, as for example 35 P— Kt4, P x P ; 36 P x P , K t x P ; 37 R x Kt, R— R6ch.; 38 R (5 )-B 3 (K -B 2 , K t - Q 6ch.), R x R c h . ; 39 R x R , K t — Q4ch.; or35 R x K t , K t x R ; 36 R xK t, KR — B i ; 37 R x R , R x R . White must therefore play 35 R— Qi, a change of file which is less effective when Black can oppose rooks, as he can after 34 . . ., R xKt, than in the game as played when White controls the file. How­ ever, Alekhine suggested R x K t ; 35 K t— K2, by-passing the dangers. 35. R— B3 36. P x R 37. R— Qi RxRch. R x Kt R— K B i


He must withdraw his king from the defence of the BP, for if K t— Kt2, the rook comes in at QKt6 after 38 R— Q Kti. 38. R— Q6ch. K— K2 39. R x P K t— B2 40. R— R7ch. Black threatens Kt— Kt4 or Kt— Q4, but now White is able to force the king back further, since if 40 . . . , R— B2 ; 41 K txP ch. 40. 41. P— B4 K— Qi K t(2 )-K 3

Position before White's 32nd move.
( D ia g r a m 44)

32. B x P A brilliant effort to force a win. The likely looking 32 K t x KtP, loses a piece by R— Q K ti; 3 3 K tx B , R xB ch. 32. K xB 33. K t x KtP R— Q K ti White threatened P— Kt434. K t x B R— Kt6ch. Missing his best chance, which was R x K t , for any

Preparing the counter­ measure 42 . . ., K t x P ; 43 K x K t , Kt— K 3ch.; 44 K— K 3, P— B5CI1.; but White pre­ vents the manoeuvre by

io 8


threatening to exchange off the rooks by R— R8ch. Neverthe­ less, the best reply was 42 Kt— K2. 42. 43. 44. R— R7 RxP P— R5 Kt— B2 Kt(4) - K 3 K— Q2

Fighting for a win, but now the pawns begin to fall. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. K— K4 R— R7ch. R— R6ch. R— R7ch. R— R6ch. P— R4 R— R6 R x BP R— B8 K— B3 K— Q2 K— K3 K— K2 Kt— Q2

Still not Kt x P ; 45 K x Kt, Kt— K3ch.; 46 K— K3, P— Bsch.; 47 K— K4, P x K t ; 48 R— R8ch.

45 - P— R6
46. 47 48. 49. 50.

KxKt K— K3 K— B2 KxP R— Q5ch.

Kt x P Kt— K3ch. P— Bsch. PxKtch. R— K R i K— K2

After R— R5, to prevent Kt — B4CI1. and also the loss of the KP, Black can play K— K3. 67. 68. 69. 70. 7 i72. 73 74 K -Q 4 P— R 5 R— R7ch. P— R6 P— R7 R— QKt7 R— Kt2 R— K8ch. Kt x P Kt x P K -Q 3 R— QR8 Kt— B3 Kt— Q2

Not K— B3 ; 51 R— Q6ch. Black's defence against White's widely spread pawns has to be extremely exact. Fortunately for him each one is isolated. Si-

52 . 5354 5556. 57-

P -B 5 P— B6 R— B5 K xP K— B3 P— Kt4 R -Q 5

RxP Kt— B i K -Q i R— Kt3ch. K— B2 Kt— K3 Kt— B i

Bowing to the inevitable and admitting that he cannot win. Now, Black in turn tries to win, but his hope is a forlorn one for it must depend on a White blunder.

7475 - R -Q 2

Better than K x P ; 58 R— Q6ch., K— Kt4 ; 59 K— K3, and Black’s two pieces are com­ pletely tied up, since he dare not risk 59 . . ., Kt— B i ; 60 R x R, Kt x R ; and the pawns cannot be held. 58. 60. R— B5 R— R5

59* R— Q5

Kt— K3 Kt— B i

RxP Kt— B4 76. K— B4 dis. ch. K— B3 77- R— KR2 R— Rsch. R— KKt5 78. K— B3 R— Kt6 79 - K -Q 2 K— Kt4 80. R— R 5 K— B5 81. K— K2 82. R— R4ch. K— B6 R -Q 6 83. K— B2 84. R— KB4 K— Q7 R—Q4 85. K— Kt2 K -Q 6 86. K— B3 Drawn.

11 Q x R . Q— B 7. 1928. and the White centre goes to pieces . 16. 14. P x P .. B— K2 . 1929. His style was so unusual that for a time he was regarded as a Hypermodern. but never obtained the match for the world title to which he was generally regarded as entitled. GAME 35 CAPABLAN CA— NIMZOWITCH Kissingen tournament. P— KKt3 P— QR3 1. P x K t .. Black’s play. as a result of which White’s bishop on the long diag­ onal will bite on thin air. B— Kt2 O— O R— R2 R — Q2 A move proved inferior for the first time in this game. O— O . 8. 11. The text move frees the White knight from the defence of his QP. B x K t PxP P— Kt4 P— B3 12. 5- P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 Q— B2 B -K t5 Kt— KB3 P— k 3 B— Kts P— Q4 Beginning an unexpected manoeuvre. He was always highly placed in tournaments. K— R i . 9 P x P . with a position suffi­ cient to deter Black from trying the line. 56. . 12 Q x K t . Q— K t3 . 10. and Black must recover his rook with a strong game. 13. his best result being the 1st prize at Carlsbad. though Alekhine sub­ If now 16 P— K4. Kt— B3 7.CAPABLANCA— NIMZ0 W1TCH 109 A. Q— B i Q— R6 O— O B x Kt Not P— K3 because he wants to take advantage of Black's weakness on the long diagonal. .. Nimzowitch (1886-1935). 15. but it remains without much future even so. 10 Q— K4. leads to a great battle. 4.I n d ia n D e f e n c e sequently suggested the brilliant continuation 10 . P— QR4 8. 9. but in fact he was an original thinker and iconoclast and became a great teacher. 17 B— K4. a Russian who adopted Denmark as his native country. holding the gambit pawn. 14 Kt— K4. PxB The alternative answer to the threat of Kt— K4 fails by 13. 3. PxB K— R i Kt— Q2 P— KB4 KR— K ti I f Q x B . first came into prominence early in the twentieth century. 2. B x K t .. 16 Kt— B6. 15 K t(3 )-K t5. N im zo . P— K 4.

24 Q x P (forced). P x P . 27. 21 Q— b 3. Q . . 16. 19. R x P . 26. B x P . . 18. and the Black pawns will win. P x P . by not forcing exchanges after obtain­ ing a material advantage.. 18 P x P . 20. White has now a passed pawn which enables him to fight back with magnificent virtuosity. for White must now lose the exchange. (Q— B3. The full subtlety . winning easily. for though the pawns look strong. 20 Q— B i. Q— Q4 (not R— Kt5 . Kt— Q4. Kt— Q2 P— Kt4 P— K5 Kt— Q2 The climax of Black’s play. 18 R x Kt. 25. R(3)— Kt3). P— R3. If 25 K— R i (K— Bi. 28 P x R . P— B3. 21. 23. Kt— B3 Q -K 3 R— Q3 He must try and hold what centre he has.. R— Kt5). 26 P— B3. 25. Now the game be­ comes very critical. winning. P x P . A less ag­ gressive line would lead to slow suffocation. K— B2 PxP Q— B3 BP x P The natural move and good enough. R x K t . PxBP Kt— B3 BxP But now Black begins to go wrong. Kt x Kt Kt— Kt3 KtxB R— Kt3ch. R— Q i P— Q5 K— K ti Q xP The only way to get freedom in the centre. 22 Q— R3 (QxP. Kt— Q4 . R— Q3. R— Q 3 . A final misjudgment. making Black’s extra pawn valueless. 21 Q x R. 18. . 19 Kt— Kts. 26 Kt— B6). 24. R x P . 19 P x P . R— K tich . . Q— Q3. KtxP).k 3. [Diagram 45] 30. B x K t . P x P .. R— Q6. 20 Kt— B3. 28. 23. r . 26 Q x B . R— K i .no BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD after 17 K P x P . . P— B3 Q— KKt2 A fighting reply. 17. 3 1. . R xB BxR P— KB4 Threatening R— Kt5 followed b yP — B5. 18 Q— K3. curiously enough in the same way as Mieses did against Capablanca in Game 28. . P— K4 25 B— Kt2 (K— R i. Kt— B5 . but more decisive was 21 . for if 23 Kt x KP. P x K t . Kt— B5 . B x P . Q— K t4 . 23 Q— K3.B 3 . 19 Kt— K5. 27 Q— R5.). 23 Q— K5ch. Q— Q3 was essential. B x K t . 20. 24 B x B. threatening 27 . for if 18 Q— R5. Q— B4 BxP Q— Q2 A further error. 20 KtxPch. Now White threatens 17 Kt x P.. 22. Q— R 6ch. 29. Bet­ ter was 27 . winning. R x K t . Now if 17 K t x P .

. 36 R x R. and White actually wins. ( D ia g r a m 45) 35Q— Q1 Threatening R x R and still anticipating a won game. P— B8 = Q . Q x R . . The point.. P x R . . P— Q6 33. . R x K t . but there is more to it. 38 Q— Kt7Mate. 35. 36 Qx Q . 37 K— Kt2. . The tame 35 R— QBi. Other lines lead only to a probable draw . 38 RxRch.CAPABLANCA— NIMZOWITCH (BLACK) [ N1MZCWITCH III Q -Q 4 ). P— B 8 = Q . 37 RxRch... or 35 . . 3 ch. Q . P x R .. . Q x K t .. 38 Q— B7.K 4 . K— R3 . K— Kt2. White uses his passed pawn with magnificent effect. . 37 P— Q8=Q. R x Q . R— Kt4 (not Q— Kt3ch. R— B i Drawn. 35 R— Q5.. 35 . RxRch. 41 P— Q8=Q.. 3738. P— B 8 = Q . R x R . 36. K t x P Q— B3 P— B6 P— B7 Of course not Q x K t . would lose by 35 . nor R— Kt4 .K t (WHITE) CAPABLANCA Position before White's 30th move. 40 Q— K 7ch.Q— K8ch. . so Black must submit to the draw by perpetual check. R x K t . 3 6 K t x Q . 39 Q x P . Q— Kt3ch.. R— B i. 36 P . . of White’s recovery has still to appear.R— Q6 A big surprise. R x Q . 37. . 36 . for example. P— Q7 34. 38 R x R(8)ch. Of course 37 Q x R would lose. Q— K5 RxKt Of course not 36 ..Q 8 = Qch. Now if 37 . 32. R x Q . 37 P— Q8-Qch. 35 QxQ. so that Black’s move is the most reasonable one. 38 Q x R .. The text appears finally to break White’s attack. 36 P . . 39 Qx Q .

One of his best results was his 1st prize at London. P x K t R— R3 14. QKt x Kt 13. 18 K— K i. But prob­ ably a quieter line like Kt— Kt4 would in the end have proved more effective. 1946. P— B4 P x KtP . K t x K t . (Pronunciation :— Erver. 10.) GAME 36 EUWE— BOGOLYUBOV 8th match game. PxKt K— Kt2 Q— Kt4 P— K4 is impossible because of the loss of the QP. Q— B2 B— K2 Kt— K5 Q xB P— KB4 i- A solid variation in which he will labour under the permanent disadvantages of weak Black squares and a confined bishop. 12. P— QB4 P— k 3 3. . Q x K P . A player of deep and accurate positional sense. 7. then 12 Q x Kt.. the Dutch master. 15. Kt— QB3 Kt— KB3 4. 12. 1928. Kt— K5 If K— B2. won the world cham­ pionship from Alekhine in 1935. though often just failing to win the 1st prize. again prevents P— K4. P -Q R 3 Preventing the Cambridge Springs Defence. Euwe (b. . P— KKt4 Q x P 19. 17. B— K t5 QKt— Q2 5. 14. The more orthodox play would be to operate on the Q side by P— B5 and P— QKt4— Kt5. P— B3 B— Q2 Kt x P P— Q4 P— Q4 2. 6. Kt— B3 8. he has persistently won prizes in master tournaments. B— K2 ix. He permanently prevents P— K4 but has to allow some weaken­ ing of his position on the K side. P— KKt3 To prevent Q— R5. P il l s b u r y A t t a c k A double-edged move. 1901). O— O 0— O R— B3 A bold sacrifice designed to take advantage of the weakness White has permitted.. 17. R— K t3 18. Were he to permit Q— R5 and then play P— R3. then R— R7CI1. 19 P— B4. Black could at once continue with P— KKt4— Kt5. 16. only to lose it again two years later. P— K 3 P— b 3 6. and if first 11 . QxPch.112 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD M. B x B 9.

R x R . R— R i i Black’s manœuvre has suc­ ceeded in making White halt his initiative. Q—0 3 21.. 25. R— B i (against 31 B— R7CI1. Kt— Kt3 P— Kt4 Q— R2 Preparing for 22 R— R i with the threat of 23 R x P. Q— R2).. 22. 30 Q x R . 30. 23. 33P— R5 (BLACK) BO G O LYU BO V I f R P x P . Better was 30 K R — QKti (not QR— QKti. 31 RP x P. B x K t . 21. P— QB5 Q— K t3 R— R i QR— K B i R— K B i Q— Qi P— KR4 R— R3 P— QKt3 He cannot prevent Black’s queen coming back into the game. for if KR— QBi. 20. R P x P . K t P x P Q— K ti This fails to keep Black con­ tained. 30 K t x P . 24 R— Rich. It was based on the line 30. 24. Q x B . wins. Q— Kt5 6— R i P— R4 B— K i If Kt x P. B— Q3 28. P— QR5). and White holds the Q side. P— Kt4 Q— Kt3 P . 25 Q xR. with . (D ia g r a m 46) 34. Q— B 6ch. 31. 31 RP x P. P x P . 35 R x R . with a draw by perpetual check. 32 Kt— R4 (not R— Kt6. R x P A most critical position. 34 R x B. QxBP P— B5 Black is entirely without pros­ pects unless he can open some more lines. 29. P— K t4 ..) . with good chances.. and Black can­ not get out. 30. K t— K2 32. R x R . K — K ti. Q— R2 . 29RXP. If 35 Q xP . P x RP . 32 P x P. 33. 31 K t— R4. RP X (W HITE) EU W E Position before White's 34th move. Q— R2 . K x R . threatening Q— Q7. Q x R P ..EUWE— BOGOLYUBOV M3 To prevent 20 P— Kt5 and 21 B -R 5 . Q— K 6. 32 K t— B3. 32. Q x P . with a great advantage. 26. 36 Q x R. 29. White is now beginning to recover the initiative. Q— R4 27. If 29 K t— R4. 31QR— Q Kti.

P . R— R7ch. 43 R x P . 38 K x Q . Not 37 K— R i. P— B4. 39 K — K3 ?. Q— K6 . 1929. 37 P x P . and White will have difficulty in saving the game. 40 K— K i. Nor is 34 Q x K tP any better.. Q x B . 38 K— Qi. Q— KB7Mate). 40 K x P. 36 P x R.. Alternatively in this variation. came into promi­ nence early in the twentieth century and was for thirty years a consistent prizewinner in master tournaments. A very keen-edged battle. ch. P x R . 36 K — R i.. 37 K— B i. R— B2 . Drawn. R— B2 ... Q— K8 ch.. The text. R x P ch . then P x Rch. R(3) x Pch . wins. Q— K B7. 38 Kt— K2 (R— K K ti. Q— Q7ch. If White here tries to continue his attack at once with P— B6. 36 P— B6.. R xR 35. Q— R2 . Q x K tch.. P— Q5 dis. 1932. 36 Q x P . IDs victory at Bad Sliac.wins). has one small flaw. 3* B— Kt5 . K xR Q— KB7ch. Q— Kt7ch. P— B4 .. . was one of his best results.R 7 . Resolving the problem by force. 37 Q x P. Probably best is simply 34 Kt— K2. wins. P— Q5. if White tries 35 R x P. for then P x K t . 36 K— R i. 37 K— K2 (K— K i . 35 K— B i (not K— R2... 34.114 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD both players on the attack.. P— Q4 Kt— KB3 2. wins.P . GAME 37 VIDMAR— EUWE Q u e en ’s P aw n G am e 1. 1885). 38 K— K ti. Q— KB7CI1. R— B6 Mate). 35 Kt— B4... 39 R— Kt2. B— B3). 39 K— B i. 39 R— R i.. Q x K t . P x Qch. M. Q— K t7ch. 42 B— Kt6 (P— R7. 40 P— B6. Q— B6ch. B— B3 . 41 P— R6. 35 R x R. 36. of Yugoslav nationality. Q— KB7ch. P— Kt7ch.. 37 P— B6. and Black must take a perpetual check. Q x Qch. 39Q x Q. Q— B6ch. though seldom winning a 1st prize. Q x B c h ..B 6 If Q x R . 38 Q x K t P . P— R 4 . Q— B6 . Black plays P— R6ch.. P— B5. which looks strong. 38 K— K2. R x P ch . Kt— KB3 P— KKt3 Carlsbad tournament. Vidmar (b. 35. or Q x KP is dangerous.

24. 26. White can­ not answer the text move with 12 B x P. 25P— R3 QR— QBi R (Q )-Q i 0 —0 If P x P . 13.VIDMAR— EU WE 115 Kt— K4 Kt— K2 An unorthodox development of the bishop which almost in­ evitably leads to giving up the bishop for the knight. B -Q 3 0— 0 B— KB4 P— b 3 Q— Kt3 P— Kt3 B— Kt2 P— k r 3 P -Q 3 Kt— R4 White allows a certain amount of disruption in his pawn position to obtain open lines for his pieces. R(5)— B2 . 22. Q— R3 R— Q2 Kt— Kt3 BPxKt P— KKt4 P— B5 PxP R— K i Kt— B4 Q— K2 KtxKt KR— B i R— B2 KPxP P— KKt4 Q— B3 4 . White is now on the de­ fensive and Black's superior de­ velopment begins to tell. 26 R— K8ch. Q— Bsch. . B— B6. 20. 23. 26. B— Kta P— Q4 would allow White to establish himself strongly on his K5. 13. 5. but now his QP is weak. 910. 3. 19. The safe 10 B— Kt3. fol­ lowed by P— Q4. B xP) . and if R— B8 . 17. KtxB PxKt The immediate disruption of his K side pawns has been averted. for then 27 Q xR P . R— B 8 . 6. P— QR4 Now BxP would answered by Kt— R4. winning the knight. with nothing more than perpetual check) . n RPx Kt. K t x B . offered fewer possibilities. 28 Q— Q7 (not B— Q3.QKt— Q2 P— B4 If P— K4. RxRch. 28 R x B . Q — B8. B— R i ( B x P . 14. 32 K— Bi. 29 . . QR— Qi B— K ti Kt— B3 be Of course if 25 Q x RP. because of P— B5. 11. 78. 21..3i Q— K7. 27 R x R. 25. pk3 15. Black will control the long diagonal. 29 B— Q3. and Black can only give White an isolated pawn at the cost of his valuable KB. R x R . 12 K t x P . 10. B x Kt. 16. It was better to play for equality with Q x KtP . R— B5 P— Q5 He can no longer stand the threat of B x K t . 5. and he threatens P— Kt5. Some­ what better was R(Q)— K2. 29 Q— R4. R— B8 . 18. PxP PxP P— K3 Black cannot have the threat of B x P hanging over him in­ definitely. 12. 3 o K tx R .

Q— B5 1. K x P . K— R i RxB QxBP B x Pch. 29 Kt— K4. R— K8ch. 35 Q— Q3ch. (B— Q3. . R x R c h . ( D ia g r a m 47) 29. Q— B8 . P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 Kt— B3 B— K t5 P— K4 Kt— KB3 P— B3 P— K 3 P— Q4 QKt— Q2 The key to Black’s combina- A bold method of avoiding . 34.. QxKtch. 2. For this exquisite piece of play Vidmar was awarded a brilliancy prize. It is mate next move. but Black sees mating pos­ sibilities by means of a com­ binative assault on the White king. Weisbaden. 31 P— B6 dis. 31 K t x R . 4. R x Bch.). 30 Q x QP. Kt— Q2 K— R i Q— Q5ch. K t x R 31. 1929. 28. 30 Q— K8ch. An apparently inescapable mate on the move is threatened. P il l s b u r y A t t a c k Position before White's 29th move. R x R . 36. B— K4 30. B— B i . 35. and a draw is almost certain. Kt x QP 32. B— Bi). 32 P x B . ch. Q— B8ch. 32 Q— K8ch. 5. Q x KtP . K— R2.. 3. 27. 33 Q x B. A galling resignation when he is still left threatening his own mate on the move. (b l a c k ) e u w e GAME 38 ALEKHINE-BOGOLYUBOV (w h it e ) v id m a r n th match game. K x B 33. 33 K t x R . . Q x B . R x R c h . 36 R x Pch. K — K ti 37.ii6 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R x R (not R— K8ch. Kt— Bsdis. Resigns. Better was simply R(5)— B2 . B— B i Clearly not K— R2 . but White has seen further and now brings his own still more beautiful combination into effect. ch. KxR Of course if K— Kt2 . QxQP tion. R— B7ch.. 6.

15. K t— Kt7ch. Kt— B5 B— Kt5 Hoping to castle on the Q side with a good game. 14 B— B4). B— B i P— K4 10. Kt— B i . Q x P . 20 B— KB4. P x K t 9. 10. B— K2 . 22 B— QR6. 12. B x R . 6. 0 — O PxP B— K2 (W HITE) AL E K H IN E Position before White’s 18th move. Kt x R . It is rare to get such a tense situation so early in a Queen’s Pawn opening. 23 K R x B . 11. 22. P— QKt4 Black has now somewhat con­ solidated his position. 24 R x Q. 21 R— Kti. Kt— Kt3 Not liking P— B3 . 22 B x Q. Q— R4 > 22 R xPch. Kt— R4 B— K 3 14. 20. KtxKtch. ch. Kt— R5 B— K2 [Diagram 48] 18. for then 12 R— Kich. K — Q2 16. and Black has a good game. so White gives up a second pawn to keep the pot boiling. P x R . R— K i K t— B i 13. K t x R . 21 R x Pch. R— K5 Better than 20 R— K ti. 8. 19. K K i (K— B i . Kt x P PxKP Q— Kt3 (BLACK ) BOG O LYÜ BO V Q— R4ch. P— B5 P— KB4 QxKtP 48) He has now no option but to accept the offer. 7.ALEKHINE— BOGOLYÜBOV the Cambridge Springs De­ fence. K— B i . with advantage. K t x R . 24 R x B ) . 23 Q x Pch. 13 Q— K2. Q— B i .. 14 B— R6 and the threat of B— Kt7 followed by B xBP ties up Black com­ pletely. 23 K R x B . 25 Q -K 2 .. 21.. B— Q3 Sacrificing a pawn to secure open lines for his bishops and rooks.. If Q— B2 . R— K ti Q— R4 I f Q x R . 18. K — Q i . would avoid the break-up of his K side pawns.. R— K4 R— K K ti 17. 21 RxKtPch.. 20. (D ia g r a m He has no time for P— QB4. 24 B x P. Q— Qi (Q— Q3 . R— K2 P— Kt3 . 23 R— Kt5 dis.

K— Q2. 33 34- R xR R xP Q—^ 4 Q— R2 R— R7ch. BxPch. 46. 45. K— K i . 38. . Q— Kt8 ] and White cannot continue with 45 B x K t .. 42. 39. 25. . P— B3 Black has succeeded in sim­ plifying the position and is still . PxP PxP R(K)— Kt2 QR— K ti B— B i P— B4 23 23 There is nothing in 39 Kt— K8ch. R x Q . P— R5 29. B— Kt 4ch. To prevent K t x P followed by B— K4. 36 B— Rsch. 23. Q— R5 37. Black rightly considers that a lead of two pawns is sufficient. 44. P— QR4 27. 46 R— Q6ch. Kt— B6ch. for then 43 B— K4. but Kt— R5 was still a better move.. Q -K B i R— R i Q— Kt6 Kt— Q4 Not K— B i . . Black cannot answer with Kt x Kt. The king is covered and a White bishop tied down by a mating threat. because of 45 . 24.. 39. K— Q2 By careful play Black has now practically consolidated his position again and his extra pawns begin to look formidable... Q— B 3 . 42. winning. P— Q6 was much better and would prevent White’s next move. K— Q i .i i 8 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Of course not B x B P . Q— K i B— QKt4 QxB Another stage of consolida­ tion is achieved. 46 K x Q . B— Q2 K— B2 Q— R i PxP R xR But here Black misses a chance of shutting in the White bishop and opening for his own use the diagonal which White has been forced to weaken. 37 Q xQ . 3° R— R5. 3 1 B— QKt5. 35 B— R6ch. Q— R i Kt— K2 If P— R 5 . . 41. 36. KtxP 30 Si32 . R— K ti Q— Kt2 B -Q 2 Q— Kt6 K -Q 3 The first pawn is recovered elegantly. 26. was more promising. so White plans to open the QKt file thus deriving what advant­ age he can from his superior de­ velopment. defending the pawn and threatening a dangerous attack by Kt x Pch. R— Kt5 28. R— R6ch. Kt— Kt7 R— Kt3 R— Kt2 B— B3 Q -Q 4 If 44 B— QB4. in the hope of B x B . 35* Q— R6ch. BxBch. Q x Q c h . 40. 44. with a strong attack against the exposed king. nor B x R P . B— Q3 B— Q i And here Kt— R5. 38 R— R8ch. 43.

ALEKHÎNÊ— BOGOLYUBOV II9 a pawn ahead. 52 B— Rsch. 49. And with a brilliant stroke he recovers the second pawn. 53 RxPch. 55. 54 R— K t3ch. K x B . threatening both R— R i Mate and Q x Kt. 57. (D ia g r a m 49) If Q— Kt8 . Q— B8ch. Q— R^ch. 53 Q x R . 54 B x R. Q— Q3 (b l a c k ) BOG OLYU BO V (WHITE) AL EK H IN E Position before White's 49th move. 5354* Q— R+ch. P x Kt 50.. 57 Q— K8ch.. . 62. Q— Ktsch.. Q— K8ch. 59.). 58. K — Kt3 . Not yet B— Q2. for then R x Rch. 46. Q— R3 Q— B3 Q -K K t3 K— B3 51. B x K t R— Kt8 Not P x B . 53. and winning the rook. The combination is delightfully contrived. preventing Q— Kt8ch. KtxPch. B— Qi (K— Kt2 . 58 Q— B6ch. Q— Ktsch. Q— Kt8. so White now switches his attack suddenly to the other flank. 47. 60. G— Q3 Q xQ K— B2 K — Kt2 K — R2 K — Kt2 B— K t3 Q— K t3 BPxQ K— B3 49. B— Q2 56. The game is now an inevitable draw. 52. No world championship match ever produced a finer struggle than this. B— B2 Drawn.Q— R8ch. B x R K -Q 2 K—B i RxR ch. 63. K t— B6 If K— K t3 . 61.. Q— Kt3 48.. 58 Q— K 4ch. R— Bich.

would have diminished winning chances be­ cause of the bishops of opposite colours. 1926. 2. B x K t P— QKt4 Bled tournament. though a pawn up. P— B4 B x Kt B x Kt White has won the first round. 18 B x P . R— K K t i . Q . Stoltz (b. White.120 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R. P— QR3 11. I.R— Q Bi. B— Kt 2. however. He is a pawn ahead and Black’s king is fixed in the centre.P— B4 4. B— Kt2 13. 16. 14. threatening P— K4— K5 with a fine game. B— K5 21. In style he was a romantic and reverted to the gambits of an earlier age. 13. Black. 15 Q— B3. 17. KR— K i Q— Q4 Q— b 3 R— K K ti B— Kt2 Initiating a plan to reinforce the advantage of a move which he has already gained.K 2 P -Q 4 Kt— KB3 PxP P— K3 P— B4 Kt— B3 P -Q R 3 B— K2 The point. 19 B— K5. His greatest success was winning the big tourna­ ment at Semmering. G. has some compensation in his pres­ . B x P 20. GAME 39 SPIELMANN—STOLTZ H B— Q3. 0— 0 7.B x P 6. Q xB Q— B3 A move generally deferred in order to avoid losing a move with the bishop. Q u e e n ’s G a m b it P— Q4 Kt— KB3 3. Kt x Kt BxP Q— B2 B— Q3 Kt— K4 If 17 Q x Q .P— k 3 5. He was an Austrian. 1931.Kt— B3 8. 9. B x B 16. Black must sub­ mit to the disruption of his K side pawns. 1718. P x P 10. P— QKt4 12. 15. P— K4 19. 20R— B2. Spielmann (1883-1942) was another of the young masters who began to make a name for themselves early in the twentieth century. 1910) is a young Swedish player who first appeared about 1930 and was at once successful in international competitions. P x Q .

leaves the KP undefended and after Black's reply there is no more than a draw in the game. which in conjunction with the doubling of the rooks on the Q file would threaten mate on his Qi. 25 E — K3. Q— B4 27. 23. R . 21. 32.. 31. R— Q2 30. 24.. R(i) X P . R— K B i R— QB3 B— B i Q— Kt4 Position before White's 36th move. B x R . 31 B— B5. 29 P x Q . 37 Q x R . Of course Black will not fall in­ to Q x B . which looks strong. R x B . K x Q .SPIELMANN— STOLTZ 121 sure on the long diagonal and his control of the QB file.. Q— B4 Now if 36 B— B6. QR— Qi R— QBi Not 22 QR— B i. P— Kt3 Q— B7 R— Kt3 Correct was B— B4. 28. and the threat of R— K7 is difficult to meet. R x P . Q— B2 31. If Black replies Q x Q . The text Q— B2 R— B5 B— R6 (b l a c k ) STOLTZ B—B6 is again threatened. Q x R . Q— B5 Q— K3 Q— K t5 (WHITE) SPIELMANN White is prepared to allow the exchange of queens only if he can get his KP on to the B file. 39 K x B . 24 K — B2. K— Q i . 32QxPMate. 22. 38 QxQch. with advantage. Q— B4 33.Q— B2 Q— K2 R— Kt5 R(5)— Kt3 To prevent an attack by B— B6. 29. R x R . 22. draws easily. 3oBxRdis. 34. . Q x P PxP Q— B3 Forced by the threat of B— B6.Q 6 28. R— B7ch. The inability of White’s K P to advance owing to his weakness on the long diagonal is now a powerful counter-weight to the extra pawn. R x R c h . P— B5 25. White is not pre­ pared to forgo his attempts to win and evolves a plan based upon drawing the bishop from its .Q— Q4 35. 26. ( D i a g r a m 50) 36. 23 RxQ.

R— B8ch. 37. R— Q8ch. 39.. 47. R x Q . he no longer threatens mate in one and White can play 47 Q— B6. . 49 Q— Ktsch. 51 Q— Q8ch„ K— R2 . 46 Q— R8ch. 45. however. leads to identical positions. 47 Q— B6ch. 41 P x R . 38 Q— Kt8ch. White. 50 Q— R i. . 51. R— B7 Q— K K ti By means of this mating threat Black will be able to double rooks on the 7th rank. 46 Q— B 5ch. 53 Q— Q6ch. 48.. 38.— Qi.. An Not R (3)— Q7 at once because White is in zugswang. R— R8ch. 50 Q— Qi. 38 Q— Kt8ch. K — R3 . drawing. Not B x Q. K — Kt2 . 49. P— KR4 P— K5 P— K6 P— KR4 R— K7 PxP Q x R ... is still full of fight. for example. K— Kt2 43.. 42. BxQch. 48 QxPch. 50. R— B3 41.. 39 K — B2. exciting game. . K— Kt2 . K— K ti R— QB8ch. then R— K t7ch. 50. 52 Q— Q3ch. Q x B And now at the end of it all Black has proved the more cun­ ning and has the superior posi­ tion.. 47 .Q— R5 K— B i Again forced because of the same continuation. K— Q2 (K— B i . 49 Q— B6ch„ R— B3 . K— R i All White’s other moves are exhausted. 54 Q— Qi. is worse).. K x B . K — K t3 .. But Black's subtle counter is to allow White to carry through the plan he has played for. R— R7ch.K 3 . 40 Q— Q6 Mate. R— K3 . 36. 48 Q— Q8ch. K — B2 Resigns. B— B6 BxR B— R6 For if now Q x B ( R x B . 39 Q— Q8ch„ K . 38.Q— B3 46... If R x P . Q— R4ch. K— K2 (R— B i is no longer possible) .. R— B8ch. 51. for if Q. 53 K— B i. R— QB7ch... 52 K— K ti. winning a piece. 51 K — R i. and Black can only avoid perpetual check by withdrawing his rook.) .122 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD present diagonal by sacrificing the rook. R— Q3 A last trap. 40 K— K3. K x B 40. K— B 3 . 39 B x Q . 44. R(B)— K t7ch. K — K ti . Q— B i R(3)— Q7 K— K ti If R x P . with perpetual check. 41. R (3 )-K 7 . K xR of 45 Q— K 5ch..

GAME 40 COLLE-KASHDAN 13. P . 1930. K txK BP Black tries to force the issue .Q 3 B -Q 3 0— 0 7. 1931. Better was 10 Q— K2 followed by R— K i. P x P Q -B 2 (b l a c k ) k a s h d a n Though this gives Black an isolated pawn.P— K4 The key move of Colle’s 0 1 system of attack. Kt— Kt3 12. 11. which requires the use of the square K4. Q— B2 PxP B— Kt3 R— K i (WHITE) COLLE Position before Black's 16th move. Kt— KB3 Kt— KB3 P— B4 3.QKt— 6 2 K t— B3 6. B . 1926. ( D ia g r a m 51) 16. and Scarborough. P— 0 4 P -Q 4 2. 15.K 3 P— k 3 4. I.COLLE— KASHDAN I 23 E. 1930. He won the International tournaments at Meran. and 1930. notably the 1st prizes at Gyor. 1927. 10. 1911) is a young American master who scored an exceptional series of successes in the early 1930’s. 1516. whose name is particularly associated with the form of the Queen’s Pawn Game named after him. Co lle S y ste m White’s QKt and QB are un­ usually ineffective as a result of his 10th move. B— KKt5 K t— K5 QR— K i B— KB4 B— K 3 Bled tournament. 14. P x P BxP 9. and Stockholm.P— b 3 5. it is not con­ sistent with the scheme of at­ tack.0 — 0 8. K t— R4 B— Kt3 I. Kashdan (b. Colie (1897-1932) was a brilliant Belgian master. 910.

with advantage. 22 K x R . and the only line that Not B x B . K t— Q6 dis. K tx B ). Q B x B . K— R i . BxKt KxB K — K t3 R xR R— B3 K— R3 R— K t3 B— B5 BxBch. 27 P x B . B x B . 18 B x BPch. White must therefore take the knight and if 17 Q x Kt (K x Kt. but his position is far from happy. R— K6ch. P— KKtij. how­ ever. B— R4 (b l a c k ) k a s h d a n (w h it e ) c o l l e Position before White's 26th move. Q— B sch .. and if White tries to counter this threat by removing Black’s QB.. 19 K — Ri. B— Kt8. 19 RxRch. ch. 21. ( D ia g r a m 52) 26. For in­ stance. Black wins either by 17 K B x B . if 26 B— Kt4. 25. B x K t . 19 K XQ . Q x B . 20. 18 P— Kt3.. R x R . R P x B . P— KKt4 and B— Kt3. coming out the exchange ahead.. 27 R x B . An attempt to avoid the mating threats in the above variations by 17 QB x B equally fails after 17 . does nothing to ease his game. (B x RPch. 18 B x B. R x R . Q— B2 The situation is extremely difficult and White is very nearly in zugswang. The text reply is the only one by which he can hold the piece. R— K i . 22. K t x R . 2324. .. K t x R . and Black threatens to recover the piece by P— KKt4. but if B— R4 at once. 19 Kt— B3. ' 25. 20 RxRch. K t— Q4 To free the queen from the defence of the bishop. . 21 R— K i. K t— K K ts. Q x B . The text move. K t— K4 Q -R 3 He wants to renew his at­ tempts to recover the piece by B— R4.124 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD brilliantly before White can recover. QxRch. Q x Q c h .. . B x B ch . R x R . or 18 Q x K t . Kt— K K ts .. wins). but it involves his king in considerable dangers. Q— K t3ch. K t x B . 24.. *7 18. The immediate threat is K t x B . and if 26 K t(Q )-B 3. 19. 28 K x K t . White has at last succeeded in holding his piece. R— K sch .. K— R i . 18 B x B . or by 17 Kt XB. Q— Kt4ch. R x B . 25 Q— Q2 would clear the air for White. 19 K t— B3.

KtxPch. R— K i B— Ktsch. even though it costs him the ex­ change. K x B . . 43A beautiful move. he must there­ fore play 26 . Now White’s reply is R— Kt8ch. P— R5 29. restoring material equa­ lity. R xR Taking the sting out of 1 The end of c fine combiWhite’s last move.K— K t3 R x Q R P R— Kt7 White capturing the rook with 45. Q— R5ch.. nor 27 Kt(Q)— B5. QxRPch. 28 Q— B5ch.. P— KR4 Kt— K6 29 QxKt P.K t x P Kt— K4 a check. 3i32. Nor does protection of his KB4 help White. 33 K— Kt3. 36. Kt— B5 38.). B— B5 4i. to prevent 44. QxQch. 33 Q x R . and much better than the immediate re­ nation. for if 30 K t— K2. He never has the same oppor­ tunity again.. 35 P— Kt3. 28 K t— B5 37. forced by the threat of P— K— B4 R— KB8 39Ktsch.. Kt— K3 R— R7 28. 48. Q x B .K— B4 reply 30 Q— K i. . without which the game would still be difficult to win. 26. 32 Q— B3. Q -B 5 (threatening B— Ktsch. 333435BxB Q xP K— K t3 KxQ K— K t5 Kt— Q6 K t— Bsch. K t— Bsch. K— B i Another fine move which forces the exchange of queens. K t— Kt7ch. B— Kt3 .. For example if in 47.Kt— B6 Resigns. 3 i R x B ( Q x B . K t— Q6 . 28 Kt(R)— B5.B 3 RxPch. He therefore plays to remove the double threat to his K3 when the Black knight moves. The piece must be returned as K— B i cannot be prevented.. 30. P— KKt4 Q— K t4ch. with good chances.Kt— Qi PxKt K txP 42. P. K t— Q6). K — B i.COLLE— KASHDAN 125 promised anything was 26 B x Pch. or by Q x B . 27. Kt— Kt3. P— K K t4 . Black cannot reply 26 . K x Q . 34 K— B2. and White has the advantage . BxPch. Kt— B sch . and so threatening 46. 32 K x 49. Now not 27 B— B5. P— R6 Kt— Kt3ch. but 27 Q— B5. R— B7 40. 27. 36 K — K3. . then B x K t . and virtually the end of covery of the piece either by a fine combinative game. 27 QxQch. R— K3 R— K2 K t— K3 K t— Q6ch. B— K7dis. White therefore decides to make sure that he gets his pawn back in exchange for it. then K t— Kt3 .B .. K — K4 P— K t3 K t— K2 31 RxR. R x R . ch..

11. 19 B x P . B— Q3 K— Kt2 17. B— KR6. 6. 22 B x B ) . P— K4 P— K 5 P— QB4 P. P— Q3or6. . 20 BxBch. yet after White’s reply he will be unable to play P— Q3 without losing a pawn. P— KR4 P— KR4 . Black’sirregular attempt to use the advanced White pawn as a target recoils horribly upon him. O— O— O P— K3 A sad necessity.. In fact.P— K3. K t— B3 8. 20 B — R5. 14. B— K K ts P— B3 Now his K K tP will be gravely weakened. K — R i (R— R i . 23 Q x Rch. 5. 21 P x B . P x K t . then 9 K t— Kt5 is a very strong reply.). 16. P— KKt4 R P x P 18. his 6th and 7th moves already stand condemned. . . but Black is not allowed time to playB— Kt2. 21 Q— Kt6. 22 Q— R6ch. K — R2 (against Q *—R 6).. P x P . B x B and Q— R6ch. K t— K 4. 7.. 4. threatening Q— Kt5 and Q xR Pch. B— QB4 P— KKt3 B— Kt2 B y his previous move Black has virtually committed him­ self to P— Q3 rather than P— K3. K t x B 20. . 13.12. 14 P— K6. But the text move only creates a new target for White to attack. Q— Q2 O— O P— Kt3 The only defence against the two threats of Q x Pch.. for he is faced with a series of White moves such as P— R5. 1931. and B x Pch. A l e k h in e D e f e n c e He is already in trouble.— B5 K t— QB3 QPxKt K t— KB3 Kt— Q4 K t— Kt3 Kt— Q4 KtxK t K t— B3 The normal lines against the Lasker treatment of the Alekhine Defence are 6 . K t— K4 B— R3 Now the only possible de­ velopment for the bishop. B — K4 BxBch. 14 B— B6. . 9. and Black can hardly play B x B . B-—B4 xo. Q— R 2 . Should he attempt to overcome this by playing P— Q3 at once. . If now 18 . but he is threatened with 13 Q— B2. but if Q— K i . 16 B— Q3. K — R i (against Q x P) . . 3.. . QR— K ti White prosecutes the attack vigorously. K P x P 15.Q— B2 BxP Q— K i 1.126 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD GAME 41 STOLTZ-COLLE Bled tournament. or B x B c h . 2. 18. Q— K2 (Qx B . 21 Q— Kt6ch. 22 Q— K 4 ). 19. 15 P x B . Kt— K4 (Q— Kt2 .

R x K t P x P e . 25 R— R7ch. R— K B i Q— Kt7 29. R—QKti .. Q x B 31. (D ia g r a m 53) 25. 27. Q—83 R xR QxRch. 26 Q— R2) . Q— B3 R— b 4 [Diagram 53] 25. 24 Q— Q4°h. 30. but he would be better advised not to take it. Better was the further prosecution of the attack by some such line as 21 P— R5.. B x R White’s attack has brought him a gain of material. 21. K — B3 (K— K ti . he offers a sacrifice of the exchange. leading to . 21. . and mates next move. A splendid climax. P x P .STOLTZ— COLLE I2 7 (BLACK) COLLS In his almost hopeless posi­ tion Black must go all out or go under. 27 KtX Pch. But un­ fortunately it is not quite sound and Black is given a strong passed pawn. The threat against both rooks is met. 26 KR— K ti. K t x P. seen by Black.. 23 K B P x P . 30 QxPch. K t x BP . K — K ti K t— Q6ch. and mates. 28 R— K l dis. so having temporarily stopped the K side attack. which at the moment is no threat because R x Kt would be answered by QxRch. P— QB4 K t— K 4 24. 28 R x P .Q— Q3 The second point of the com­ bination as White saw it. 22 P--B3.. ch. R— K i 27. Q xB (WHITE) STOLTZ Position before White's 25th move. Better was the slower line 25 R— K i.p . 23. If now QxRch. 29. 23 Q— R4. P— B4 He wants to play R— K i. K — K ti 28. for if now R x R . so he evolves a problem-like ma­ nœuvre to induce Black to block the diagonal himself. P— Q3 . 22. and a beautiful one. 26 Q— B2ch. P x P . BxP The real point of the combi­ nation. 26. P— B7 Not R x P .. wins.. The first point of the combi­ nation as White saw it. 2 4 R x K t . K — K t i . P x R . for it means abandoning all pressure on Black.

The threat of 3 1 . there were few masters whom he did not beat in his time. 10 P— KKt4. 56. K t— K2 . but now his centre is completely destroyed. 3. His style displayed great tenacity and determination. P— Q4 P— QB4 K t— QB3 P -K 4 5. GAME 42 EUWE— YATES Hastings tournament. 9. D. Q x R c h . Yates (1884-1932) was many times British champion and a frequent competitor in International tournaments. preparing O— O— O. A game is never lost until it is won. and though he was not sufficiently consistent to win the highest prizes. White’s reply threatens B x Kt. An object lesson in refusing to reconcile oneself to impend­ ing resignation. 10. then R x P . but he has calculated that it is immune for the time being at least. F. fol­ lowed by P— KKt4 and P— KR4. this would be correct. 4. P -Q R 4 The most combinative line against the King’s Indian De­ fence. for if 31 K — B2. K t— Kt3 10. Now Black has succeeded in forcing P— KB4 if he wishes. 9. R— Q8ch. . 8. [Resigns. P— QKt3 Giving Black a point of at­ tack. 1932. K ing ’ s I ndian D efence 1. 11 P x P P— R5 . but he unwisely tries first to force the White K K t in front of the KKtP. 0 -0 B— K3 K t— B3 K K t— K2 P— K4 Q— Q2 Kt— Q2 o—o— o If White had played the usual P— Q5. p .128 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 32 QxQ .b 3 K t— KB3 P— KKt3 B— Kt2 P— Q3 More in keeping with the usual forms of the opening would be 9 P— Q5. however hope­ less the situation may ap­ pear. 2. 7. followed by 11 K t— K t3. . could not be avoided.

K t x R . for he may as well be hung for a sheep as a lamb. White could safely reply 21 K t x R. but not 23 B xK t. 15. 23 B— Q4.. 23. . K t x R 25. Kt x P . Q— K4. B— K3 RPxP (BLACK) YATES Stronger was R P x P and Black could hardly risk 13 . 14 B— K3. 14 B x K t . R x Q . 20. R x Q . B x P . 24 Q x Q. 16. R x K t . 15 Q— B2. 17. 26. Kt x Q . 27 K x B. P— K5 B— B4 Playing for a rapid advance of his three united passed pawns. Q x P . P x P would be answered by 12 QxQ .. Kt x B . so he sacrifices a piece for an attack i i . The Black rook. 15 Kt— Q5. 27 P xPch. PxRP K txP BxP K K t— B3 B— K 3 P— B4 Kt— R4 Q— B2 B— Kt2 Kt— Q5 P -Q B 3 B— Kt6 Q— K ti K t— B7 P— Q4 (WHITE) EUWE Position before White's 22nd move. the only line that offers any real hope. R x B . 24 P x Q . 26 K— Qi. Kt— R 4 . 22. 12. R x B 24. winning. Better was Q— R4. 18. P x B .. 14. B— Q3 This likely looking move gives Black a fighting chance. .. R— K i Not P— K6 because of B x B .. . 24 B— Q3. with variations similar to the actual game but with White a QKtP to the good. To be a major instead of a minor piece down is of small importance in such a position. 19. 21. and he prefers to dose the long diagonal first. . . and White has re­ duced Black’s chances of com­ plicating almost to nothing. but would have to try 1 3 . 13 R x Rch. 22 K— K ti. B— R3ch. B— Q4 BxB Kt x P Q x Kt R— B i A fighting continuation. Kt— Kt 7ch. 23 Q x R (not K t x R. The loss of this pawn makes it­ self felt later. . P x B .. B x K t 13.EUWE— YATES It is neck or nothing. B x R c h . .. cannot escape. Q x Pch.. (D ia g r a m 54) 22. 13. 28R x . with good chances). however. K x P . 25 R— Q2.

R x P 31. If 29 Q— Qi. 50. 36 Q x Kt. Q— KR3 P— B5 His only chance now lies on the K side. threatening K t— R6ch. 54. but the move leaves him open to a multiple fork.K t— B3 was better. 40. K — K ti Kt— Q6ch. K t— Kt6 K txP Kt—02 KtxP K— B2 Kt— Q4 K -Q 2 K— K i R— K6ch R -K 5 Kt— K2 P— Kt4 P— B4 K— B3 P— R4 P— B5 P— R5 R— R6 P— R6 K— B2 K— K t3 The only way to defend his rook is to counter-attack Black’s rook. P— B5. He should play Q— .R x Q unlikely as it seems the move K xB 35. 31. one to defend the pawns 27. 51. but White discovers an ingenious move to remain a minor piece ahead. B— R i P— QKt4 and one to attack on the other 28. 42. 38. virtual equality. At first sight he seems to recover a whole rook with a won ending.BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 130 B. P— QB4 pieces. Now it is Black’s turn to fail to take full advantage of the position. 53. Q— Kt3 will fall. — QKti). K txP The culmination of his knight manoeuvres. Now his Q side pawns 29. . K x B . R B4 . K— Kt2 R— Q6 R xP 29. 29 K — K ti. and R— QKt3 R -Q i 37. P— K t6. 52.Kt— R4 A brilliant knight manoeuvre. K — B2 R— B5 R— B4 R xP R— KR4 R— R7 K— B3 P— Kts P— B6 P x Kt Drawn. Q— R6ch. 43444546. 34 Q— k 3 (not K t x P. 32. 30. 55. 35 B x B . but R xR 34. K t x R . R -Q R 5 KtxQ All the White pieces have got across to the defence just in time and the game is a legiti­ mate draw.B x B selected allows Black to achieve PxKt P— Kt6 36. R— K2 P— Kt5 flank. 41. KtxP 39. 4950. If 30 P x Kt. Q— B3 . keeping two 26. 33. 4748.



M. Sultan Khan (b. 1905) came to Europe in 1929, and left again four years later as suddenly as he had arrived. In that time he had shown himself, for all his lack of book knowledge and inability to read any textbook, one of the world’s great masters, winning many prizes in tournaments, winning the British cham­ pionship and defeating Tartakower in a match.


Countering White’s pressure on his K4 and at the same time preparing the advance of his Q side pawns. 11. R— K i R— Qi Preparing an action against the QP should White play P— K4. 12. 13141516. 1718. Q— K ti P -Q R 3 B— K B i P— K3 B -Q 3 B— B3 B— Kt2 P— k r 3 P -Q R 4 Kt— K2 B— B3 Kt— Q2 p — QKt4

Folkestone team tournament, 1933(Great Britain— France) Q ueen ' s P awn G ame

1. Kt— KB3 P - Q 4 2. P - Q 4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 3- P— b 3 4- P— KKt3 Kt— B3 P— K3 5- B— Kt2 6. 0— 0 B— Q3 7- QKt— Q2 White is playing the Grunfeld Defence with a move in hand and the colours reversed ; as a result he gets less than he should from the advantage of the first move. 7. 8. P x P 9. P— Kt3 PxP 0 —0

A better way of meeting the threat of P— Kts, opening a file, was P— QR4, P— Kts ; 19 B— Kt2. As played his QB4 is weakened. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. P— R5 P— QKt4 Kt— QKt3 B— B3 K t— B5 R— R2 P— B4 Q— R i

Initiating a long struggle for control of the centre ; his plan is to control his K5 and then if possible follow with P— K4. 9. 10. B— Kt2 B— Q2 Q— K ti

P— K4 being now prevented, he makes every effort to play Kt— K5. 22. 23. B— B i 24. R— B i Kt— KKt3 Q— B2 QR— B i



25. R(2)— B2 Q— K tl 26. B— KKt2 R— B i 27. Kt— K i Kt— R i 28. R t x K t He wants to play P— B4 so as to win the battle for his K5, but can only do it by allowing Black a passed QBP. 28. 29. P— B4 30. K t— B3 KtPxKt K t— B2 B— K2

R4, threatening 41 R— K ti, for if 40 . . ., B x P ; 41 R— K ti, R— QKt2;42 Q— Kt2, and wins. Now Black reassumes the initia­ tive in this delicately balanced game. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. Not 4344. R— R2 Q— Qi Q— K B i R— KB2 P x P R xP Q— Kt2 R— B2 P— QR4, B— Kt4. B— Q3 R(i)— R2

Beginning a new counter­ action against his K4 by threatening P— Kt431. Kt— K5 32. B— B3 Kt— Q3

After his efforts to establish his knight he does not want to exchange it for Black’s KB, so there is no point in 32 Kt— Kt6, R— KB2 ; 33 B— B3, B— B3 ; followed by 34 . . K— R2. Instead he prepares for the im­ pending action on the K K t file. 32. 33. R— KKt2 34. Q— K ti 35. Q— B2 K— R2 P— Kt4 Kt— K5 R— K ti

And now if P— QR4, then B xKKtP; 45PxB,QxPch.; 46 K— Bi, Q x P ; 47 Q— Q2 (Q— K i , Q— R6ch.; 48 K— K2,Q— Q6Mate. Or47B— Kt2, R(2)— KKt2), Q— R6ch. ; 48 K— K2, R— Kt6 ; 49 B— Kt2, P— K6 ; 50 Q— B2ch., K— Kt 1 ; threatening R— Kt7ch., when the White rook moves.

An inaccuracy which should have cost him the initiative as well as a pawn. Better was B— Kt4. 36. 37. 38. 39. BxKt K txB QxP R— R i BPxB RxKt R— B2

44. Q— Kt4 45- Q— QBi R(2)— KKt2 46. R— KKt2 Now the threat of P— R4— R5 by Black prevents a Q side advance. 46. P— R4 47. B— K i P— R5 [Diagram 55] 48. K— R i If 48 P x P , Q x R c h . ; 49 R x Q , R x R c h . ; 50 K — B i, R— Kt8ch.; 51 K— K2, R(i)— Kt7ch.; 52 K— Qi, B x RP ; threatening B— Kt6, winning. 48. Q— Kts 49. R(R)— KB2 P x P

Missing his chance, as Black’s 40th move now holds up the pawns indefinitely. Correct was 39 Q— B2, R— R2 ; 40 P— Q

(b l a c k ) ALEKHINE


56. K— R3 R -K 7 57- 0 — Q1 The only move to save the queen against the threat of R(8) x B, followed by R x Pch. 5758. 5960. 61. 62.
Q -R 4

K— Kt2 K— K t3 K— B4 K -K 5

R(8) x B RxPch. R(6)— K7ch. R— Kt8ch. R— B7ch. R— K t3

Black has a potential win with his passed pawns, but he (WHITE) SULTAN KHAN will have difficulty in avoiding perpetual check. The struggle Position before White’s 48th move. between Black’s winning (D ia g r a m 55) chances and White’s drawing chances is one of absorbing in­ Missing the decisive line. terest and intensity. Kashdan pointed out that the 63. Q-Q7ch. K— R3 correct move was 49 . . ., Q— R 64. Q— Q8 P— K6 6 ; threatening P x P , and if 50 Q— R4CI1., was threatened. P— Kt4, R x P ; 51 R x R (Q— Q2, QxPch. ; 52 R x Q , R— 65. Q— R8ch. K— Kt4 Kt8 Mate), R x R ; 52 B— B 3, 66. Q— R3 R— B4ch. B xR P ; wins. Now Black will 67. K— Q6 K— B5 have great difficulty in winning. 68. Q— Bich. BxKKtP 50. P x P White succeeds in getting rid 51. R x B of the dangerous Black KP, but Not 51 R— R2ch., B x R ; at the cost of his own QP. 52 RxBch., K— Kt3 ; 53 68. K— K5 R— KKt2, K— B4; 54 R x Q , 69. Q— Ktich. R x R ; and mate cannot be Not Q— Qi, P— K4 dis. c h . ; avoided. 70 K— K7, P x P. Q xR 51 69. KxP 52 R— R2ch. QxRch. 70. Q— Qich. K — B6 KxQ R— Kt7ch. 53 R— Kt8 An amazing conception. He 54 K— R3 could escape perpetual check Winning the bishop by the with 70 . . ., K— K5 ; continu­ threat of R— R8 Mate. ing as he does on the 76th move, 55. K — R2 R(i)— Kt7ch. but first he plans to allow a

K . K— B5 A bold and clever attempt to keep drawing chances by bring­ ing the king to counter the Black pawns.. for after 8 1Q— R3CI1. 81. 74. 8 3 Q -Q R 3 . for after 73 . K— B5 ch. K— B6 K — R2 (WHITE) SULTAN KHAN Position before White's 89th move.. 83. 86 Q— K4. he does not seek to win the K tP as well. 85 Q— R4ch. QxPch.K 4 . R— Kt2. 84 Q R8ch. K— R 4 . his own pawn remaining immune because of the threat of Q— Rich. Q— Bich. (BLACK) ALEKHINE 76.Q 7 . 74 Q— Kt2ch.. 88..Q 7 . 85 Q— K t 7ch. R— Kt6 Q— B i P— B6 P— Kt5 P -Ö 5 P— Kt6 R— Kt8 Q— B2 R(8)— Kt7 Q— B i R— Kt7 P— Kt7 P— K4dis. P . K— Kt4 Q— Ktich. The delicacy of the position is shown by the fact that if White tries 82 P— Kts. 86 Q— K i.. K— R2 . 87 Q— Qi. 87.. Q— Ktich. 88 Q— K7ch. K— Kt2 . R— Q4ch. Q— Rich. 87 Q -K R 4 .. P— Q5 . K— Q6 Q— Ktich.. K x P . K— B6 7577. K — K ti . White is right out of position for making any progress towards his draw.. R .. K— K t i . K— K ti . The checks are temporarily over.. K— Kt6 72. 84. K— R3 . Q -Q ich . 75 Q— R3ch. P— Q 6. K — Kt2 . 79. 89 Q — K8ch.K 5 78. winning). 84 K— B7 (or K— K7. Q— Rich. K— Kt2 . Q— Ktich. 90 Q— K7CI1.. 82. K— Kt6 The key to the Black king’s outing .).K t 6 . 81. K— R3 80. (D ia g r a m 56) 89. 86. K— Kt3 . Worse than useless would be 89 K— B7. K— K t2 . with an easy perpetual check.134 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD temporary series of checks merely in order to win White’s RP. R— K t2ch. Q— QB3 R(B)— Kt4 Threatening Q— R8 Mate. K x P 73. 82 Q— B3ch. R— Q4ch. ch. 82. and the pawn is lost.. Q— Bich. 85. 85 Q— R4 . P— Q 6. 71. P ... 76 Q— Bsch. P . 83 Q x B P (of course not Q x QP.

K — B5 . K — B4 P— B7 It is Black's turn to play a bold and ingenious move with a pawn. K — Kt4 K xP There is still no perpetual check. R xP 101. For example. for if now 106K x P . 101 Q— K7ch„ K— B 5 . R— Q2 Q— Kt8ch. 103 Q— B8ch. Thus the Black king has succeeded in getting round the White queen. R— K6ch. The pawn is immune because of the very un­ usual and attractive line 93 QxBP.. 94 K x R . R— B6ch. 103 Q— Ktsch. for if 102 Q— Kt8ch. 99 Q— K7ch.. . Q— Q8ch. 94. 100. 102 K— K4 (K— B4. 100 Q— B8ch. R— R 4 .K t 3 Another fighting move. and the Black pawns fall if Black tries to avoid perpetual check. K — B3 100. 102 Q— R4. K— K 7 . R x P ... but the text is more decisive.. 105 Q— B i ch.CI1. Q— B8ch. K— K6. . to reach which the Black king has somehow to get to the other side of the White queen. 101... R(2)— Kt2 K— Q2 The alternative 97 Q— B7CI1. 90. K— Kt4 . R— Kt6ch. Q— B5ch..SULTAN KHAN— ALEKHINE 135 89.. K— R3 . Q— B i R(3) . 100 Q— R3ch. R— Kt . After 92 . . Q— B5 R(7)— Kt4ch. R— Kt7ch. K— B7 . R— Kt7).. . and the checks are over with Black in an improved position. A queen move.. 107 K — Qi... or K— Q2. K— Q2 Q— B5ch. K — B8. K— B2 Perpetual check is just avoid­ able. R— Q2ch. K— K5 Q— R8ch. 92. K — B2 Q— B8ch. . winning easily.. K— Kt2 91.. K — Q8.. 9596. leads nowhere. Q— Kt5ch. . Black might just escape per­ petual check.. 90. 107 Q— Rich. . 106 Q— B2ch. K — Kt7. 93. P — K5 . K— Q3 To drive the king further would only assist Black's game. 97K— Q3 98. R x P . threatening an unavoidable mate in two. R x Q . 104 Q— Kt8ch. 105 Q— B8ch. K— K8 .. K— K3 99. 104 Q— Kt2ch.. 102. 91 Q— Bsch. 103 K — Q5. . winning the second queen in the same way as the first. If Q x P.. 102 io3104. K— K t6 .. for if 90 .. R— K t7ch. 98 Q— B8ch„ K x P . and 104 . K— K t i .. for the key square is K6. R— B6ch. K— K2 Q— Ktsch. 97. 95 P— Kt8=Q. R— B3ch. K — Q7. I 05106.. K— §5 Q— B8ch. Q— R8ch. unpinning the rook would allow 106 . at first sight an impossible feat.. but in the most surprising way.

White feels in a position to start an attack. 106.. 13. with mate to fol­ low. 15 B— Kt5. Q— K2 K xQ Kt— Kt5 R— Qi P— QB3 Q x Qch. 3456. 18. . The tremendous struggle QR3 . 9. is over at last. but Lasker as so often seeks to bring about a difficult game in the hope of out-manoeuvring his opponent. The RP is now a formidable threat. P x P b4 K t— K5 The usual P x P is better. K t— Q4 K— B2 16. R(2)— Kt6 . P— 8ch. PxP P— Rsch. but mate follows the text move also. K— Kt3 Here B— Q3 . R — B7CI1. R(2)— Kt7 Mate. K— Kt2 Moscow tournament. though actually he would run into mate by 20 R x R . 11. would bring about the draw which Black is trying to avoid. 18 K t— B5ch. P— K4 Kt— KB3 P -Q 4 K txP Kt— QB3 K txK t B — Q3 PxP K4 Kt— QB3 PxP Kt— B3 B— K t5 K tPxKt P -Q 4 Q— K2ch. 1935. 107. 22 K t— B2. 17 B xB ch . B— B4ch.. 2. P— . 12. K— K i 108. 10. 19 B x B. 19. 78. 21 B— B7ch. GAME 44 SPIELMANN— LASKER With the better game. Resigns. R — K t7ch .. He cannot meet White’s pretty attack by K x K t because of 22 QR— Bich. 108. 22 R— R i Mate. This sacrifice of a pawn and the resulting passed RP create considerable difficulties for Black.BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 136 If P x K t . K x R . K txP P— Kt4 Black has got more than he bargained for. B x K t . K— R5 . 21 KR— K ti. threatening B— B2 and B— Kt3. K— B i B— B i 15. K— B i K— K6 14.. If B x P . PxP K— Qi P— B3 R— Kich. 17. 108 K— K2. K x B . P— The loss of the exchange by B— B 7ch. P— QR4 P— QR4 P— QKt4 Of course if 108 Q— R3CI1.. 20. S cotch G am e I. [Diagram 57] 21. would be enough to deter Black from R x P. 18. 14 P x B . with much the better game.

R— K i . 24 R x Pch. 29 B— Bi) j 28 QR—Bich.. 26 B— Q2. 28 RxPch. 25. 31 RxPch. R x B . 31 P— B3. K— Kt4 . for if B— QB4 . . and wins.. B x P . K— K2 (K— Qi . .). 23 B— Ktsch. K R —B i . ch.. 30 R x R . 26 R(5) xBch. The struggle now shifts to the QRP.. QR— B i 27. K— K t i . 24 R— K7 dis. Kt— R7ch. White would lose the QRP and Black would draw. and R— Ksch. K— R3 24. K t— B6ch. K x R 30 R — Rich. P— Q5 . Or if 25 . remaining two pawns ahead.. K— Kt3 . R— B6 30. 29 RxRch.). 28. B— Q4 Unless he can get a rook on to the QR file he can never ad­ vance thejpawn. He finds he still cannot play B x P because of 26 QR— K ti.). B— Kt2 (WHITE) SPIELM ANN Position before White's 21st move. 30 P— B3. 26 B x B (threatening both B— B5 dis. and then follows 27 Kt— Q4ch. 27 R(5) x Rch. B x P B— K3 He cannot take the KtP yet because of K t x P . B x K t RxB 23. R— Kt6 31..K— R5 32.. K— B4. 24 R— B 7ch. B— K3 R— QB5 K— Kt4 Forced.. 28 R— Rich.. 29 Kt— K2. .. K— K3 . or K— R5 . after which the bishop cannot move because of R— Kt6 Mate. to prevent White consolidating with B— B5.. 26. K R — Q i . 27 B— Q6 Mate). .. B— B6 . 27 Kt X B.. 28 R— Rich. R— K4. winning easily. B— Kt6 Black has successfully sur­ vived the first phase. 29 B— Q3. 27 B— B4ch... R— Ktich. winning.. Kt— B6 After K t x B. R x R .SPIELMANN— LASKER (BLACK) LA SK E R 137 25. Kt— Q8ch. 22. . 28 B— K7ch. 29. (D ia g r a m 57) K— Q2 (K— K t2. K x P 29. R x B (Kt— B3. K— B5 (K— B4. The only reply would be 26 . K x K t. 27 B x B . P x K t . Black therefore gives up the K K tP in order to force the White QB off its diagonal and by the threat of K x K t to win the White QKtP. B— R6 . ch. 23 R— B7ch. R— R5. 25 R x P . 27 B— K7. is decisive and if B x P . B— Q2 .

19th match game. 42 RxBch. for if K— Kt7 . for if K x P . BPxP PxP KPxP BxP 40. B— K7CI1. Kt— K3 K— K i K— B6 B— Kt4ch.. 41 R— Qi. B— K2 . winning the rook either way. 41 R— B i. R— Rich.I n d ia n D e f e n c e K— Qi is no better because of P— Q5 . 13 B— KKts. 41. 41 R— B5. 38. 1397 N im z o . 43 P x P. R— K3c h . P x P ( P -Q 5 .. 42 Kt — ¿4ch. 37. A game that was in the balance up to the very last move. B x P .. 12 Kt x P. B— B3. B . If R— B5. 34. 42 K— Q2. R— K7 Mate. with still some definite winning chances. 10 O— O. B— R5 . P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 Kt— B3 Kt— KB3 P— k 3 B— Kt5 Kt— K5 39 40. 40 Kt— Qsch. R xR KtxB BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R xR BxB R— R3 B5. 6. 43 K— B i. win­ ning a pawn. White. Kt x P . K— B 6 .K t 3 . Eindhoven. 12 Kt x P. Or if n . 7. and the RP falls. 4. 9. suddenly finds he must take care to avoid a loss.. K— Kt7 . 35. K— K ts. For example if now O— O . 2. 5 36 Kt— B6ch. p— Q5 Premature. wins). Q— B2 P— K3 B— Q3 P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— KB3 Now if Kt— Qsch. For if Kt x Kt. . .. K— Kt7 . 39. 3 R— Rich. 3.). . so far from having a win. 13 Kt x Ktch. K— Q7 .. K— Q6 Black is also not out of danger. 13 . Kt x P . GAME 45 EUWE— ALEKHINE If K— Q2.. 11 P— K4.. 4 Drawn. The knight will have to return shortly. B— R5 . he will have the utmost difficulty in castling.. and if R x P . 5. 12 Kt— K2. 4 P— Kt3. R— K3ch. 33. 42 Kt— Black’s lack of development still hampers his castling. K— Kt5 K— K2 B— Q2 Kt— B2ch. 1. R x P. R— Qich. P x Kt (not R x P .138 32. The pawn is still taboo. R— Bich. 37. 35 R— Rich. 36. 8. 42 K— Q2.

to prevent Q— R5).Q— K2 B— QB4 16. P— K5 In view of Black's difficulties he could afford to wait and secure himself with P— QR3. wins.EUWE— ALEKHINE 139 (BLACK) A L E K H IN E BxPch. (D ia g r a m B— KB4 was the winning line. which is more than good value when Black's K R is shut in. White will succeed in forcing Black to give up any idea of castling. 20 K t— R4. 15. P x P. White could not play 20 K t— K3. K t— Q i B— B4 17. Only by the most bold and imaginative play can Black still hope to save the game. P— Kt6 has always to be guarded against. 12 K t x P .. P x Kt 21. but will now have to waste time with awk­ ward defensive tactics. B— Q2. P K R 4 . P x P . 20 B— KB4 (to allow Kt— K3). 0 — O 11.orif P x P . i 3 B x K t . B— Kt5 Now if P x Kt.. P— K4 Kt— B3 B— K2 If Kt— QKts. 58) 18. White gets two minor pieces for the rook. Q— B i 23. Black has the choice of K t— B7 threatening Kt— Q5. Black now takes advan­ tage of the vulnerability first of KB7 and then of QB7 to fight back. K t— R4 B— K5 Kt— B7 Kt— Q5 PxP Black has built up a threaten­ ing position at the cost of a piece. K t x K t . R— K i Kt— KKt5 (W HITE) EU W E Position before Black's 17th move. 12 B— Ktsch. 13. Q— K t3 K t— R4 And again if P x Kt. and White therefore tries to break up . 14 Q x B . winning. 16 P— K6. 13. K— B i If B— Q2 . K — R i . 18. 20. 15 Q . Kt— QB3 22. with advantage. P— Kt6. B— Ktsch.. 19. K t— B7 . or of P— Kt6. 19 K t — Kts (forced. P— KR4 If Kt— B7. P— KR3 [Diagram 58] 17. Kt— Kts 14. 12. 19. 12.B 5. 10. 13Q— K 2. at once because of Q x Kt.

with at least an equal ending.. 28 B x B . 26 QR— Bi. 27. 30 Q xKt. 25 B— Q3. 29 KR— Qi. P— Kt6. Q xP B xR QxB QxQBPch. 28. R— R3 R xB RxP P— Kt3 K— Kt2 P— Kt4 K— Kt 3 P— B4 R— R6ch. 31 P x R. 27 B— K3. Kt— R 6ch. Q— Kt3 . 35 3. P x B . for if then R— R4 . 28. then P x Kt . 49- K xP R xP RxKt R— QKt4 R-. 24. then 40. Kt x Pch. Subsequent events show that P— K6 was better with the probable continuation Kt x P . . Black comes out a pawn ahead and actually tries to win. Black will surprisingly recover all his lost material. 29 Kt— Kt6ch. Q x Rch. Kt— K7ch.. 42. 8 39 For if now P— KKt3.K t 5 P-—Kt6 K -B 2 R-—Kt8 P--K t 7 R-—QR8 R xP P x Pch. R x K t . Clearly if 23 Kt xB . . 30. 36K— B i. 24. 4748. 24 B— K2. 41. Q x K t . As played. and if P x P. Kt— B5 P— Kt6 Q— B4 R— B i Kt xB B— QR6 PxR R— B i P— QKt3 PxKt Of course if R x P . 23. The specula­ tive text move does not turn out so well.K t 7 K — B3 P--Q K t 4 P-. The logical move was Kt x B.. Q— B2 R xB R x Kt . wins. but there proves to be not quite enough in it.140 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Black’s hold on the dangerous diagonal. 43 4445 46. wins the rook. remaining a piece ahead. 29. 25 26.. Kt— K7ch. A most astonish­ ing recovery. 30 31 32 3 3 3 4 3 5 RxQ R— B4 K— B i K— K ti B— R6 Q xQ RxKt Kt— K7ch. R— Qi . 6 37 3. 30 Q— B4. P x K t . 32 Q x Q . P— R 3 R— QKt6 K— Kt2 R xP Drawn.

1911) was taken as a child prodigy to America and became a United States citizen. 2526. 20. Q— Q3 17. 1934. Botvinnik (b. and rapidly proved himself the strongest player in America. 6. 3. There is no real reason for not playing the pawn to the 4th at once. QP x B Q— Q4 P— B4 QxKP QR— B i R— Q2 p. Moscow. 1936. QR— B i Kt— B5 B— B3 P— K4 R— R i P— QKt4 Kt— Kt3 R— R2 Kt— B5 B x Kt Deciding that the pressure of his bishop on the centre is worth the weakness of the White squares. 5. when he carried off the Russian championship. 27. 23. 1935.' 19. 9. and Groningen. P— KKt3 K t— KB3 P— k 3 B— Kt5 O— O P— Q4 B— K2 KtxP PxKt The apparent weakness of the QBP after this move will be effectively covered from attack by the movement of the Black knight to QB5. K t x K t 9. His tournament successes include the sharing of 1st prize in the strong tournament at Kemeri. 11. P x P 8. S. K t— Q2 B— Kt2 K t— B3 0 —0 B— Q3 Kt— B3 P— B3 P -Q K t4 P -Q R 3 R— K i R— K i So far the game has been one of careful and slow develop­ ment. 14.b 3 PxP R— Q6 R xB .P— B3 18. 2. 1911) began to win his great reputation in 1932. 22. Kt— R4 B— B i B— K3 Kt— Q2 P— QKt3 Avro tournament. B— Kt2 16. Reshevsky (b. Now Black prepares to invade White’s game along the Q file. 21. 28. GAME 46 RESHEVSKY—BOTVINNIK 15.RESHEVSKY— BOTVINNIK 141 M. N im z o -In d ia n D e f e n c e 1. In a nation of many masters he has consistently shown himself the greatest. 13. 12. 24. P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 P— K3 Kt— K2 P— QR3 7. 1946. Nottingham. His tournament successes include Leningrad. He reappeared in the 1930’s as a fully fledged master. 1937. 1938. 4. 10.

(D ia g r a m 59) Most ingenious. R— Q8 34. If in reply B x R . 42 B— R7. based on the passed KP. R— B7ch. 45.. and the pawn queens). K x R . 32.. threaten ing R— Bich. K — B i (K— Q i . P— b 4 39.. White fights every move from this point. based on the resulting weakness of White’s KR.. turns out a somewhat doubtful speculation. 33. winning. 48 . who hopes by this to keep the rooks split and to re­ tain complications. 38. B x P Q— R4 40» P— Kt4 Q— Kt4 41. for A last desperate attempt to win. this time by Black. R— B8 Q— R i K— K2 Black’s plan succeeds. Q— K ti 31. R x R 30. 47 R x Q . The more obvious B x B P would be answered by B x B . 30. winning). R— Q3 B— B2 Not Q— K ti because of Q— Q5ch. 35 R x Q ch. The rook needs to go one square further. Kt— K4 Another ingenuity.. 47 BxBch. R— K i . B x R Of course if R— Q8ch. With the rook on QKt8 White could now play R— Kt7ch. 42. 41. White now makes a slip. K — Qi R— B8ch. as will appear. 29.R— K i Q— K B i B— K i (w h i t e ) r e s h e v s k y Position before Black's 35th move. 42 R— Qich. to Kt8. 44.. Q x P (not K — K i . 43. winning. R(K)— Qi R x Q 32. K — Qi R— Q7ch. K x R .142 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (b l a c k ) b o t v i n n i k This sacrifice. B x R P [Diagram 59] 35. 34K— B2 35. 36. P x K t 37. B— B2 38. with good chances for Black. K — K2 P— K6 P— Kt3 R— B7ch.. then 46 P— K7ch.. and Black wins a piece. Now Black cannot prevent White recovering the piece and coming out with two rooks for the queen.

13. . 4* 5 46. 9. 14. His gifts are allied with deep posi­ tional judgment and he was thus able to take 1st prize in his first major International tournament. 49. He must accept the weakness of the centre pawns. D utch D e f e n c e 1. 49 P— KR4. K— R i Q— B6ch. 5. 12. 1937. threatening Kt— B6. B x B . 16 K x B . wins. P. P— KB4 Q— K2 If B— Kt2. White must therefore take pre­ liminary steps before he can play P— KKt3. the great contest at Semmering.EUWE— KERES I4 3 BxB. and to follow it up by winning the Avro tournament of 1938. Black’s withholding of Kt— KB3 has gained him a move elsewhere with some effect. The game now transposes into a kind of Queen’s Indian Defence where Black has no need to play Kt— K5 in order to get in P— KB4. 5 - Q xB B x Ktch. GAME 47 EUWE—KERES 7. 4. for if QP x P . 8. Kt— QB3 . . 1938. KR— Q i . 1916) is the most brilliantly combinative player among all the young masters. P— KKt3 P— Q3 Kt— B3 Avro tournament. Kt— R4. B— Kt2 O— O P— QKt4 B— Kt2 KR— Qi QPxP P— QKt3 B— Kt2 QKt— Q2 O— O QR— B i P— B4 KtPxP The orthodox P— KKt3 would be answered by 5 . R— Q8ch. Keres (b. 3. 5 * K— K ti ® Q— Kt5ch. R x B QxPch.. 10. 8. P— K7 K— B i PxB 47. K— B2 48. He is an Estonian by birth. Drawn.Q— Q3 5 Kt— Kt3 Black has calculated accu­ . 6 Kt— B3. KxB . Kt— KB3 1 . P— K4. P— QB4 Kt— B3 Q— Kt3 P -Q R 3 P— k 3 B— KtSch. P— Q4 2. 15 Kt— K5. 11. 6. 17 P— Kts.

Q— K t5. especially for Black. . 30. K t x P . 24 BxB ch.. 22. 23P— K5 Position before Black's 35th move. 20 B x R . 21. 20. with approximate equality. If now 16 Q x QP. Q . 25. P— K 5. Since he can make no progress on the White diagonal. 28. 333435B— Kt2 Q— B4 P— k 3 R -Q i B— K B i Q -K t3 B— B4 P— R4 B— Kt2 Kt— Q4 P— R4 K— R2 P— K t3 R— B2 R -Q 2 K— R3 He must defend his QRP. a switch to the Black one by 35 B— R i. 29.144 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD rately that his pawn position is defensible owing to this counter­ attack. 18. SI32. B— QBi Kt— B5 (b l a c k ) KER BS Somewhat better was B x Kt. K txK t B— R3 Q— B2 P— R5 Q— K3 BxKt B— Q4 Naturally not 27 B x B P . 27. 26. 25 K t—B4. Thetextmoveseriously weakens the diagonal on to his king. K t— Q2 B— Q4 (WHITE) EUW B The game becomes compli­ cated. 17. K t x R . the White Q side pawns are a danger. Less good was 23 Kt— R4. then Q x Q . 22 Q— R2. K x B . 21. 24. 21 Q— Kt3. P— Kt5 P -Q R 4 PxP Q— B2 QxR KR— Qi P -Q 4 R xP RxRch. Kt — Q2. White has maintained his pressure on the White diagonal and also con­ trols the long Black diagonal. Q x B .k 4. P— K4 For now Black could play Kt — K5 with a very aggressive position. 19. P— QB5 . 27. K t(K t)x B . Q— Kt3 23. If 20 R x R . 17 R x Q . 18 B x K t . then B— K5 . A most critical position. Kt — K5 . (D ia g r a m 60) After the alternative K t— K t 3 . and therefore indirectly the knight also. 24 K t x P . 16. 22 R— Bi. The bishop is attacked. 19 B— K7. 20.

. P— Kt4 \ 40 R— Q6ch.).. K— K t4 . P— B3 If R x P . 38 B— K t 7ch. again R— Q8ch. R— K i Q xB 39. 37 Q— R8ch. Golombek pointed out.xB . If 38 B x Q. his best result being 1st prize at the Moscow.. 39 K P x P. Or 36 . Fine (b. B x B . R— R2. P— K6 The point of Black's counterplay. Q— K ti . 39 K— R2. Q x Q R xQ 40. 39 Q— B4CI1. 37 B x K t . 36. 1. 38. 35P— B5 He must counter-attack or die. GAME 48 FINE-KERES R u y L o pe z Avrò tournament. K P x P The best chance. K— K t4. 37 B x K t . 38 B x B . K— Kt5.. threaten­ ing B— K2 mate. R— R2 . 40 K — Kt2. B— Kt5 P -Q R 3 . RxRch. 38 R x B . Black can just hold the attack off for the moment by 35 . How­ ever. . . 1938.. 1937. first made a repu­ tation as a member of the American team at the Folkestone tournament. 1914). 37 Q— B3. Q— K t i . B x K t P— K7 The counter-attack has a magnificent finale.. B— Kt6 .. tournament.. K — B2 Drawn. 40 P— Rjch. .. the American master. as H. 36. 36 Q— Kt2. B .. 37. Black is then in diffi­ culty as the following lines show: 35 .. Kt— KB3 Kt— QB3 3. He is a great theoretician in all phases of the game. 39 P— R4ch. 40. . R— R 2 . P— K4 P— K4 2. R x R . 38 Q— K5. was for White also to be aggressive and play 36 R x K t . R— R8 Mate. and mates. seems in­ dicated. R x B .FINE— KERES 145 preparing Q— Kt2. 1933. . 36 Q— Kt2. R— Q8 41. Since then he has consistently shown himself one of the world’s masters. B x R . B— R i . R. threatening the im­ mediate advance of the Q side pawns. The long White diagonal is to be opened to his bishop and the K K tP weakened and made an object of attack. Q— Qi (Q— K3 . 39 Q— Kt7ch.

22. The alternative R— QKti is followed by 9 P x P. B— QB4 PxP P— Q5 R— K ti PxP Kt— K3 Safer was P— Q3. the bishops of opposite colours indicate a probably impending draw. B x B . 14 B xKt. If If White were content to draw. 21. 12 P— Q4. B— B5 . Kt— R2 The best way of defending the QP. 20 R— K2 (against R— Kti). 20. Kt x P . and White has achieved his ideal development. ch. 24. Q x Q K t . P— Kt3 Kt— Q4 Kt— Kt3 Kt x QP . 13 B— Q5. 20. 16P— B3. with a precarious game. 23 P— Q5. P x K t . PxB K— Kt2 B x Kt Kt— Kt4 The most vigorous reply to White's immediate threat of P x P and his ultimate threat of R— Qi followed by operations on the Q file.B — B4ch. P x P . 25. 18. Q x B . P— B3 PxP R xR Q xP 0— O PxP Q xR Still eschewing safe drawing lines. Kt— B3 R— K i R— K2 Kt— Kt5 Kt— B4 Kt— B i K— B i P— B4 Of course he cannot recover the pawn at once. 21 Kt— R3. He must now be prepared to face consi­ derable pressure on his Q side down the open QKt file. O— O . P x P dis. P x P .. 26. 15 Q x K t . P x P . 23. 12. 15. winning. Black would get a passed QP after 20 B x Kt. 15Q— K2 Q xQ P— Q4 Q xP KtxQ The result of Black’s subtle 12th move is now apparent. 11 R— Qi. P x P . K— B2 . B— Kts . 13. the strong position of the knight would justify leaving it undisturbed and preferring 24 B— K3. Nor is the likely looking Kt— QR4 sufficient after 13 B— B2. 18 P x P . 17 P— Q4. He prefers to keep two bishops and accept a slightly inferior pawn position. 10 P— B3. 17. 19 R— K i. 14. for White must submit to the dis­ ruption of his K side unless he plays the awkward B— Qi. 17. for if Kt x P . 19. 11. 21 R— K i. Kt— B3 .146 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 456. 22 Kt— B3. but White plays to win by disturbing the balance of the game. 12. R— Q i . 18 P x Kt. P x B .. B— R4 0 -0 Q— K2 B— Kt3 P -Q R 4 Kt— B3 B— K2 p — QKt4 P -Q 3 B— Kt5 i S K t x P . 10. 16. 9. 78. After 17 B xKt. But White now en­ visages combinative play based on the weakness of Black’s QB3 24.

If Black replies R— Kt3. K— K2 B— B4 BxP . R xB K t— B6 Any other move with the knight fails to guard his vital QB3. P— B4 . K— B i 35. The vital square in the struggle is now QB2. 37 R— B2. and White then wins by 27 R x B . 27P—04 28. Kt— Kt5 K t 7 . 34 Kt— B3. 29 B x K t . . R— Ki). 33 K— B i. 28. B x K t . 31 P x P. . 32. R x B . If now 32 K t x B (not R x B .). 30 R x K t . 30. with a good game. then 30 K t x B . 26. allowing the Black knight to go to QB8 with check. But Black has conducted his defence with great perspicacity and reveals that he too is play­ ing for a win by giving up the exchange for strong passed pawns. B x Kt Insufficient would be 28 Kt x P. 27. 30 Kt— B6ch. 31. in either case leaving Black with irresistible Q side pawns. 27 BxKt. 34 Kt— Q5. 29 R x B (K txB . R— Qi (W HITE) F IN E P— Kt7 P— B4 Position before Black's 27th move. He is not in­ terested in recovering the pawn by 26 K t x QP. K t x R .. P x B . wins. Kt— Bsch. B— B3 . K x R . R— Q2 33. K t— B 8 . If at once 33 .. P— Kt7 . P— Now there begins an intense struggle around the pawns. 29. 35 Kt— K ti. 28 Kt— B6ch. P x P . or 28 R x B . B— Q2 (BLACK) K ER ES The culmination of White’s combination. P— Kt7). P— QB5 . R— K ti P— QB5 Not K— K2. P x B (not K x R . P x B .FINE— KERES 147 The point. 36 R— Q2. 34. KtxR Kt— Q5 PxB PxP K t— Q6 The brilliant move on which Black has based his counter­ play. 29. P x P . 29 R xB P. ( D i a g r a m 61) Again threatening to plant the knight on QB6 after B x Kt. 3536.

38. Kt— K8 Brilliantly continuing his fight to control White’s QB2.R— K K ti K— K t3 B— B3 48. P x P P— B5 51. B x K t . K t— R3 40. 52 K xP. or 40 K — 0 3 »B— Q7.148 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD A magnificent move. If 38 K x Kt. 39. ( D ia g r a m 62) 37. draws. R— Qi B— K6 53.K t 5 Fighting to the end. R— K R i B x Kt B— Q3 B xP The king can hold the two pawns on the Q side as easily as one. 39 K x P. B— K4 43R xP K— B2 44P— Kt4 45. He only needs one passed pawn on this wing. He there­ fore plays to hold the Q side with the rook and bring the king over to the K side. B— B 8 . P— B 7 . B x K t . K x P B— B8 54. R— Q6ch. 38. If now 5 1 . . P . K t-K 3 (b l a c k ) k e r e s The only move by which he can keep a piece defending his QB2. but the latter part of this plan cannot be fulfilled.R— R i K— B3 46. 51B— Q5 52. R— K i R— K K ti P— K t5 49A fine move forcing the issue. so rather than waste a move capturing one of them. 40. If now 39 Kt x K t. K — B2 43. (w h i t e ) f i n e Position before Black's 37th move. coolly establishing a majority on the other wing. B x P . K x Kt B— B4 . . 41. 40 K or R x B. 37. 50. R— K i 47. revealing the purpose of his 36th move. . P— B6 Kt— B2 Not to be deflected from his fight against the pawns. K— Qi 42. K— B2 fails because the rook cannot hold the king and pawn on the other flank. White’s apparently convincing reply has been allowed for to a nicety. White regards it as timely to prevent Black obtaining too great a majority on the other wing.

62 R— K8ch. n B x B. B— Q7. K xP P— B6 K— B5 K— Kt6 For one of the pawns get home after 58 R— Kt8ch. 78. N im zo . a fact which Black later turns to good account. 1946. 12 Q x B . O'D. K t x B . 12 Q— Q3. If B— R3 at once. then B x B . 11. 60 K— K4 (R— Kt7.R— Kt8 Resigns. H. K— B7 . His best tournament result so far is the 1st prize at Hastings. P— B4 KPxP The key move of Black’s system of defence. P x P . as in a game Reshevsky— Fine. 10. Alexander (b.I n d ia n D e f e n c e Kt— B 2. with positions similar to the actual game but with Black’s QKt on a better square. 1941. 59 R— Kt8. B— R3 . Q— B i . intended to clarify the position in the centre by hindering White’s P— K4. 910. K— Q8). KtxB B— R3 . 1947. R— K i . 62 R— K8ch. 1909) is a brilliant British master of Irish extraction who won the British championship in 1938. P— B7 . 63 R— Q8ch. BxB 0— 0 P— QKt3 A move which introduces a critical element into the game. 61 R— Kt8. 2. K— B 8 . for the position is too simple after 10 O— O. 13 B— Kt2. P— B 7 . 12.. K— Q8 . 14 B P x P .BOTVINNIK— ALEXANDER 149 5455.. 13 Q— B2. New York. R— Kt6 56. 3456. C. The QRP is however weaker on the 4th than on the 3rd rank. The text move threatens the squares QB5 by B— R3 and at a suitable moment QKt6 by P— R5. 11. 61 K — B3. K— K8 . B— R3 I. GAME 49 BOTVINNIK—ALEXANDER Anglo-Russian radio match. P -Q 4 P -Q B 4 Kt— QB3 p— k 3 P -Q R 3 PxB PxQP B— Q3 Kt— K2 P— QR4 Kt— KB3 P— k 3 B— Kt 5 P -Q 4 B x Ktch. K— K8 .. P— B5 . K— Q3 57..

28 Q— KB2. threatening Q— Kt3. 17. 28 Kt— B5. and Black still achieves his strate­ gical object. thenKt— QR4.. P— K ts. R x R . 26. 26 P x K t . Kt— Kt6 . 29 Q— Kts. Q x P .150 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Preventing the rapid move­ ment of the Black knight to OB2 and K3. 29 R— Ki. Kt x B . 24 Kt— K7ch. 30 Q— Kt 5. Black must therefore allow the easing of the tension in the centre. Black’s pawns are so far advanced as to be a danger. P— K5 B— Q6 P— QR4 P— QKt4 The only alternative was Q— B i. 23 Kt— B5. 26 P x K t . 19. E. R— K3 P x Kt Beginning a far-sighted plan to take advantage of the weak­ ness of the QRP. K— R i . QR— K i(K t— K i. 22. 28 Kt— B5. and if P x P . fits into the position beauti­ fully from a strategic point of view. 16. P— B6 . P— B3 P— K4 Q— Kt2 Kt— QR4 Kt— Kt6 Q xP He cannot allow White to control the K file. 13. 25 K t x P . R— Q2 . 27 R x R . R— K3. 19 Kt xKt. This plan takes four moves. R x R . R x B . against Kt— Kt6. 24. 23. 29 Kt— K7ch. 25. 28 P x K t . 23. 27 Q— B i. by the threat to the QBP. 26 Kt— Kt6) . P— B4 The attempt to save a move by B— Q6 fails against Kt— B4. if he can manage to play it. K t x P . 22.). 18. 20. 28 Kt— B5. R — QBi (Q— B3 . QR— K i . P x B . by bringing the QKt to QKt6. Alexander gives 23 Kt— B5. 15. If Kt x P . But the need to play this time- Not R(B)— K i.. R— K3 . 14. Q— . 17. 24Kt— K7 ch. 27 R x R . 26QXP. But now Kt— B5 was strong. 20. and now White’s P— K4. R(3)xKt. 12. P— Kt5 . and White just has time to get a counter­ attack started in the centre. 25 B x R . after which P— R5 is play­ able. 27 Q— K3. Q— Kts. 18 P— B3. Klein recom­ mended Kt— K5 as the best answer to the text move. threatening Kt— R6 Mate.Q— Q3 R— K i P— B 5 wasting move results in Black getting a powerful Q side at­ tack started. Q— Kt3 . Q— B2 Q— Q2 After 22 P x Kt. 21. Botvinnik prefers a line which prevents so rapid an advance of the Black pawns. PxP R— K5 R xB P— Kts R— K i 0—0 QR— K i Kt— Kt3 Kt— K ti Kt— B3 If Kt— Bi.

33 QxQ. P— B6 . 34 K— B2.. P x R R (3 )-K 3 R xR PxP (W HITE) B O T V IN N IK Position before Black's 30th move. Only 30[Diagram 63] thus can he unpin the knight. 33 Kt— B6ch„ K— ening Kt— R6 Mate) Q x B i . Q x P 34. Q— K3 R— R i R5 white could obtain the better game. P— Q 5 . tinues to develop his own threats 31. Kt— Kt6 . Q— K2 28. while if 31 Q— 33. With Kt— Q5 he might seriously embarrass White.Q x K t P— R5 A devastating and beautiful continuation. 29 K— B2. K t x Q . which demolishes Black’s game. Q x K t . White must keep a rook on his back rank for the time being. R— K K t i . (BLACK) A L E X A N D E R Q— Ö2 Defending the QP before moving the other rook. 3435. 27. the sort of threat re­ sulting being 31 Q— K3. P— B 8 = Q ch. R5. The unfortunate corollary of P— B6 his 30th and 31st moves. 26. 33 Kt— B5 (threat­ K x Q . Kt— K 7ch.. P— B5 29. for if K x P . 35 K x K t .. (D ia g r a m 63) He must submit to pressure on his king. then P— B 7 . 30 Q— K2. 34 Kt xQch. 31 R x Q (threatening R— K8ch. Q— Kts. Kt— Kt6. with advantage. against K t— B5. . The Q side is now strong enough to await the clearing of the issues elsewhere.K t— B5 Q xQ P— R4 . and Kt —Bsch. R— K3 . 34 R x Q . 35 K t. 31 Kt— R5. 30 Q— Kt4ch.. and at the same time guard Q— R2ch.. He therefore con­ winning.BOTVINNIK— ALEXANDER 151 Q8ch. but with 30 Kt— 32. 32 QxRch. Q x Q c h . K— K2 . A bad spot for the queen as will appear.). 32 Q x P . K— R i Kt— Q5 on the Q side.. K— R i . 32 Q— R4. with advan­ tage. 30.

15. 37. 39 Kt— R6ch. Kt x Q Kt— B5 R— K i P— Q5 38. and if P x P . V... . 1921) is one of the youngest generation of Russian masters and has already shown himself to be a potential candidate for the highest honours. 9. GAME 50 SMYSLOV— KATETOV If Kt— K5. 11. PxP. For if R x P . 14. and the KBP is lost. 12. but after 12 B— Kt2. 1946. B— B4. P— QKt3 o— o— o Moscow— Prague match. winning a piece. 13. Smyslov (b. 8. 17 R— Qy. 12. P— B 3 . B— Kt2 Kt— K5 PxP B— Kt2 Kt— B3 O— O The natural and more usual move is Kt— B3.. 40 P — Kt8=Qch. Black at once prepares to counter in the centre by P— QB4. P— B5 . 14 K t x P . 40 P— B7. 10. 39 Kt— R6ch. 36. White’s position is not alto­ gether comfortable. He there­ fore decides to adopt a riskier and more aggressive develop­ ment. B— K2 Q— B2 P — QB4 Kt— B3 Q— B2 P — KKt3 Threatening 16 Kt x Ktch. 11. B x K t . 12 Kt — Q3.. P— K6 Resigns.152 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD The only answer to the threats of Kt— K7 Mate and Kt — R6 Mate. K— R 2 . Katetov is a prominent Czech player. F re n c h D e fe n c e P— K4 p— Q4 Kt— QB3 B— Kt5 KtxP BxKt P -Q B 3 P— KB4 P— K3 p -Q 4 Kt— KB3 PxP B— K2 BxB Kt— Q2 More in harmony with the fianchetto of the KB was O—0 as soon as possible. B— Kt2 13 O— O. K— R 2.

20 B— R3. White prefers to retain attack­ (WHITE) SM VSLOV Position before Black's 24th move. 19 Kt— K5. KtxQBP QxB . 17.. 25. P— B4 Kt(4)— K ts B x P Q— K2 BxR QxPch K— R i R xB Now Black rids himself of the pressure and frees his pieces for action. 18. 16. Q x P Mate). QR— Q i . keeps the at­ tack going with a brilliant sacrifice of the bishop. For example. 23 R xKt. B— R3 B— B3 Not 24 Q x Kt. 24. 23 R— Q4 (R— Q7. as well as by capturing the bishop if the knight moves. 22. Q x P c h . P— R4 Q— R4 That White is already in diffi­ culties is revealed by his having recourse to this awkward de­ defence. KR— Q l . 21 B— B3f P— B 3.. P— B5 . (BLACK) K AT ETO V Playing to avoid the loss of the exchange would allow Black a strong game after 20 P— Kt3.. (D ia g r a m 64) 24. K t x Q B P . K t x P Mate. Now White threatens to recover material by Kt— B7 ch. nor 24 Kt— B7ch. The more natural look­ ing P— R3 allows Black to sacri­ fice on his QR6. though at the cost of a weak KP. P .SMYSLOV— KATETOV 153 15. 25 K— Q2.. however. Q— R8ch. 24 Kt— K5. P— B5 . Kt— K6. R— Kt7.B 4 . 19 P— R3. 24 R— K7. P— KR4 PxP P— B3 ing chances at the cost of material and fixes on the weak K P as an objective. 2i Kt(4)— Kt5. 23. B x P . KR— K i Kt— Q4 The attempt to win a pawn by P x P may lead to trouble after Q x P . 21 R— Q2 (or Q3). 25 K— Q2. or 20 Q— K2. mating in the same way. 20. K t x Ktch. P— K4. 20 R x Q. Q— K6ch. 25 Q xR . . QR— Kti). 22 R— K i. P x K t . B— B3 . nor 24 Kt— K5. 17 Kt— Q7. R x K t . Kt— B3 19.. 26 K x B (K— Q3. QR— K t i . QxP ch . Q x Q c h. P x P . 20. . 22 P x B . B— K sch . Q— R8ch. 18 Q— Q2. 19. 16. 25 Kt x B.. 21. Q— R8ch. B— Kt6. 27 K— Qi... 26 K — Q2. 24 P x P . B x P . Black.

25. 4i42. 32 Kt(5)— B7ch. QR— K i Q— Q7 Kt x R Kt— B7ch. Q x P Mate. R— Q i . Kt— Qsch.. Now he threatens to draw by Kt— R6ch. 34... Q— K8ch. for if 37 K— Bi. 8 3’ 9 40. 31. 36 Q x R . 30. 29 Kt x R. K— R i . .. R— Q i . wins. K— K t i . ch. Black is suddenly in diffi­ culties. for if 28 K x Kt. 33. He is faced not only with the threat of a check on the dangerous diagonal by Q— Q5 but also with the threat of P— KKt4 and if the knight moves. R— KR8 K— B2 Kt— B3 R— R6 Kt— B7ch. 35. R— Q i . R x K t . 27 Q x B . But some adroit manipulation of the White knight’s brings them in­ to co-ordination and holds the fort. The White counter-attack now reaches its peak. K— K ti Kt(7)— K5 R— Kt6 R— Kt7 K -Q 3 Drawn. 26 Q x R . 35 Kt (Q) — B7 Mate. 33 Kt — R6 dis.. 30. Black can force a passed KKtP at the cost of his QBP. 35 QxPch. K t x R . 28. allows Black a draw by perpetual check. 27. K— R i P x Kt He still cannot recover his material. . 28. . 36. 34 Q— Kt8ch.. 26.. 38 K — B2.14 5 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Not 25 Kt— B7ch.. K— K ti BxP 32. Black cannot reply 30 . 29. 37 3. and two knights can hold rook and pawn on the other.. R x K t . K— R i . because of the well-known mate by 31 Q— K6ch. Q— Kt3 Kt(3)— K5 Kt— K6 Kt— Q6 Kt— B7ch. K— K ti Q xP Q— K6ch. R x Q . and wins. KtxR KtxB Q— Kt6 Forcing the queen off just in time and very nearly securing an end-game advantage. P— Kt4 Q— K6ch. Q— Ksch. R x K t . and Black mates. RxQ Q xQ Kt— Q6 R— B8ch. The balance on the Q side is then level..

.......... .............. . 3 6 . .. 4... 10 CLOSE Q-SIDE GAMES : N imzo -I n d ia n D e f e n c e . P etroff D e f e n c e .. D u tch D e f e n c e ..2 6 .. ... I r r e g u l a r Q u e e n ' s G a m b it D e c l i n e d ... 17 C o l l e Sy s t e m .... 8 44 33 18 28 1.. . .. ......INDEX OF OPENINGS 155 INDEX OF OPENINGS (The numbers refer to the numbers of the games) OPEN KP GAMES : Giuoco P ia n o E v a n s G am bit S c o tc h Game P o n zian i O p en in g ........ ..... ............ 45... ..... . ..... I r r e g u l a r Q u e e n 's P a w n Gam e . ......... ........ ... ... 22........... R e t i S y s t e m .. 6 CLOSE KP GAMES : .. ... 34. . . . ......... 1 9 ....... ....... R u y L o pe z ........ . K in g ' s B ish o p ' s O p e n i n g F a l k b e e r C o u n t e r G a m b it Cen tr e G ame ....4 1 12........ .......... ... ..... 21 24.... 48 .. 16 ... 50 23...... 15. .... 49 K in g ' s I n d ia n D e f e n c e ........ ............ ... . 39 P il l s b u r y A t t a c k . ....... ... 29..... ... 2. ... 3 2 .... 46.3 8 T a r r a sch D e f e n c e . • 20.............. ....... 27 A l e k h in e D e f e n c e F ren ch D e fe n c e S ic il ia n D e f e n c e QUEEN'S GAMBIT GAMES : Q u e e n ' s G a m b i t ..... 25 Sl a v D e f e n c e 30 ..... ... 31 42 47 40 43 ........... ........ i x....... ... .... 37. T ch ig o r in D e f e n c e ... ..... 35.......... 13...... 5»71 14... .. .. . ..... .. ... ...



Alekhine and other legendary figures • All 50 games annotated in depth • Contains pen-portraits of all the players of the games Discover the great players of chess history in these pages. • Contains wonderful games by Morphy.BATTLES ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD This collection of fifty great chess games contains a wealth of chess entertainment for players of all ages. Capablanca.182 -6 .85744 . ISBN 1 .

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