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Radio Parameters




• Network Identification Parameters(CGI, BSIC ) • System Control Parameters(RLT, CBA, CBQ, etc ) • Cell Selection Parameters ( C1, C2 ) • Network Functional Parameters (INTAVE, LIMITn, etc )



univ. the GSM strictly numbers each GSM network in each country.Network identification Parameters • As a global cellular mobile communication system.cn .zte. This numbering mode aims to: 中兴通讯学院 www.com. or even numbers each location area. every station or every cell in every network in order that every cell around the globe has an sole corresponding number.

zte. 中兴通讯学院 www. • Enable the MS to report correctly the adjacent cell information during the conversation process so that the network can hand-over the calls when necessary to ensure the continuity of the conversation.Roles of Network Identification Parameters • Enable the MS to correctly identify the ID of the current network so that it can correctly select the network the user (or telecom operator) wants to access to in any conditions.cn . • Enable the network to be real time informed of the correct geographical location of the MS so that the network can normally connect various service requests with the MS as the terminal.univ.com.

zte.com.Cell Global Identity(CGI) MCC MNC LAC CI LAI CGI 中兴通讯学院 www.univ.cn .

Setting of CGI • MCC resource is allocated and managed by ITU.univ. The MCC of China is 460(decimal).zte.cn . • The LAC encoding mode is specified correspondingly by every country. the location area should be as large as possible. 中兴通讯学院 www. • Two or more cells in the same location area are not allowed to share the same CI. • MNC is usually allocated by the relevant telecommunication administration department of a country. Usually.com.

one MS can receive the BCCH TRX of two cells at the same time and their channel numbers are the same.zte.univ.BSIC(1) • In GSM system. the MS will distinguish them by the BSIC. in a physical location. 中兴通讯学院 www.com. each BS is allocated with a local color code called base station identity code (BSIC). If.cn .

中兴通讯学院 www.com. NCC ranges from 0~7.cn .zte.BSIC(2) NCC BSIC BCC BSIC is composed of NCC(network color code) and BCC(base station color code).univ. BCC ranges from 0~7.

The BCC is used to identify different BS using the same BCCH in the same GSM PLMN.cn . NCC) in the BSIC serve this purpose. the MS must measure the signals in the adjacent cells and report the result to the network.NCC and BCC In the connection mode (during conversation). 中兴通讯学院 www.com. The high 3 bits (i. so it is necessary to control the MS so as to only report the information of cells factually related to the cell concerned. As each measurement report sent by the MS can only contain the contents of six cells.univ.zte.e.

the cells close to each other may take the priority to use different BSIC.com. 中兴通讯学院 www.cn . When the BSIC resources are not enough.BSIC Configuration Principle A B C D E F In general. B. D. C.zte.univ. E and F use different BSIC. it is required that Cells A.

2.univ. www. as the access channel of this 中兴通讯学院cell.com. it is considered to have synchronized with the cell.Roles of BSIC(1) 1.cn . So one of the functions of the BSIC is to inform the MS the TSC used by the common signaling channel of the cell. As the BSIC takes part in the decoding process of the random access channel (RACH). sent by the MS to an adjacent cell. The TSC used by the common signaling channel of each cell is determined by the BCC. the MS must be aware of the training sequence code (TSC) used by the common signaling channel. When MS receives the SCH.zte. But in order to correctly translate the information on the downlink common signaling channel. it can be used to prevent the BS from mis-decoding the RACH.

the BS can distinguish such cells by way of BSIC in order to avoid the wrong handover or even the handover failure. In some special cases. i.e.com.univ. When the MS is in the connection mode (during conversation). two or more adjacent cells in a cell use the same BCCH. 中兴通讯学院 www.cn . In the uplink measurement report. MS must show BSIC of this carrier it has measured to every frequency point.BSIC(2) 3. it must measure the BCCH level of adjacent cells specified in adjacent cell tables broadcasting by BCCH and report the results to the BS.zte.

cn .zte. 中兴通讯学院 www. it will scan from the BA (Adjacent cell BCCH table) it remembered when turned off last time.univ.BA When a MS is turned on.com. The MS will first search carriers from this table and if none is found it will turns to find any of 30 carriers with highest levels. then try to decode BCCH carriers one by one according to their level sequences.

中兴通讯学院 www.cn .zte. The quality of radio channels is an important factor in cell selection. C1>0 must be ensured.com. This selection process is called cell selection. so the MS will select a proper cell and extract from the cell the control channel parameters and prerequisite system messages. it will try to contact a public GSM PLMN. The GSM Specifications defines the path loss rule C1.univ.Cell Selection When the MS is turned on.For the so-called proper cell.

MAX(X. P is the maximum TX power of MS. if X Y. RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN is the minimum received level the MS is allowed to access the network MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH is the maximum power level of the control channel (when MS sending on RACH). Y)=X.com. Y)=Y.cn . MAX(X. RXLEV is average received level.0) where. if Y X.RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN .C1 C1 = RXLEV .Max(MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH . 中兴通讯学院 www.zte.univ.P .

univ.com. MS will select the cell with the maximal C1 to access and will camp on this cell unless some key conditions has changed greatly.cn . 中兴通讯学院 www.zte. i.Path loss Criterion • All the candidate cells for MS must meet the path loss criterion.e C1>0.

中兴通讯学院 www.RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN In order to avoid providing unsatisfactory communication quality and avoid the unnecessary waste of radio resources if the MS accesses to the system (the communication quality after the access often cannot ensure the normal communication process) at the very low received level. Default value is 0 (-110dBm). when a MS is to access to a network.univ. its receiving signal level must be larger than a threshold level. the minimum receiving level the MS is allowed to access to (RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN). the GSM system regulates that.zte.e. i.cn .com.

com.zte.cn .Cell Reselection The necessity to make a cell reselection • Parameters regarding to cell reselection PI C2 Cell Selection Hysteresis CRO、TO and PT CBA CBQ 中兴通讯学院 www.univ.

Definition Cell reselection is a process MS change its service cell in idle mode. and the MS will begin to measure the signal levels of the BCCH TRX of its adjacent cells. 中兴通讯学院 www.com. When the MS selects a cell and if there are not major changes in the various conditions.univ.cn . When given conditions are met. the MS will stay in the selected cell. This process is called cell reselection.zte. the MS will move from the current cell into another one. record 6 adjacent cells whose signal levels are the strongest and extract from them various types of system messages and control messages of each adjacent cell.

TO and PT) .com. from BCCH. otherwise. when PT 31 C2=C1-CRO . The equation is as follows:  C2=C1+CRO-H(PT-T)×TO. which serves as cell reselection norm. to be used to calculate C2(channel quality criterion).univ. when PT=31 Where T is a timer. When a cell is recorded by MS as one of the six strongest cells.zte. 中兴通讯学院 www. T is reset to zero.timer starts counting.cn .C2(1) When PI indicates YES , the MS will get parameters (CRO.

cn . “0” means the MS should use parameter C1 as the standard for cell reselect (equivalent to C2=C1).univ.com. “1”means the MS should extract parameters from the system message broadcasting in the cell to calculate the C2 value. and use the C2 value as the standard for cell reselect. 中兴通讯学院 www.zte.PI • PI is used to notify the MS whether to use C2 as the cell reselect parameter and whether the parameters calculating C2 exist. • PI consists of 1 bit.

univ.zte. Note that the cell reselection caused by the parameter C2 should be originated at least at the interval of 15s so as to avoid the frequent cell reselection by MS.C2(2) • If the MS calculates that the C2 value of an adjacent cell (in the same location area with the current cell) surpasses the C2 value of the cell where the MS stays and maintains for 5s or longer. the calculated C2 value surpasses the sum of the C2 value of the current cell and the cell selection hysteresis (CSH) parameter and if it remains for 5s or longer. the MS will start cell reselection and access to the adjacent cell.com. 中兴通讯学院 www. the MS will start the cell reselection and access to the new cell.cn . If the MS detects a cell that is not in the same location area with the current cell.

the C2 values of two adjacent cells measured along their borders will fluctuate greatly.univ. Due to the fading features of the radio channel. if the old cell and the target cell are in different locations. which will not only increase the network signaling flow and lead to low efficiency use of radio resources. as the MS cannot respond to paging calls in the location updating process.zte.CELL SELECTION HYSTERESIS(1) When a MS reselects a cell.cn . As a result. 中兴通讯学院 www. but reduces the access success rate of the system.com. then the MS must initiate a location updating process after cell reselection. the MS will frequently conduct the cell reselection.

com. In this case. the MS will start the cell reselection.cn .univ. 中兴通讯学院 www.zte. its step length is 2dB. its unit is dB. which requires that the signal level of adjacent cell (in a different location area) be larger than the local cell signal level. and its default value is 4. the GSM specifications put forward a parameter called cell selection hysteresis (CSH). and their difference be larger than the value specified by the cell selection hysteresis. • The cell selection hysteresis is represented in decimal numerals.CELL SELECTION HYSTERESIS(2) • To minimize the influence of this issue. its range is 0~14.

C2 is a parameter based on C1 plus some artificial offset parameters. there are three other factors influencing C2. The artificial influence is to encourage the MS to take the priority in accessing to some cells or prevent it from accessing to others.univ. namely: CELL_RESELECT_OFFSET (CRO).CRO.zte. • In addition to C1.TO and PT(1) • The cell reselection initiated by the radio channel quality regards C2 as the standard. TEMPORARY_OFFSET (TO) and PENALTY_TIME (PT).com. These methods are often used to balance the traffic in the network. 中兴通讯学院 www.cn .

the possibility that the cell will be reselected by MS is lowered greatly. making TO invalid. the less possibility that the cell will be reselected. 中兴通讯学院 www. In general. and vice versa.cn . Because the C2 is lowered deliberately. The greater the CRO.com. In this case .CRO.zte. it’s not expected that MS access the cells where the traffic is very heavy or the channel quality is very low.univ.TO and PT(2) The adjustments of above 3 parameters are as followed: 1. the PT may be set 31. so C2=C1-CRO.

In this case.zte.cn . whose main role is to avoid frequent cell reselection by MS.univ. The greater the CRO. On the other hand.CRO. the more possible the cells will be reselected .and vice versa. is generally recommended to be set at 20 seconds or 40 seconds.com. 中兴通讯学院 www. It’s also suggested that TO is equal or a litter higher than CRO. it’s recommended that CRO be ranged from 0 to 20dB.TO and PT(3) 2. it’s expected that MS stay as much as possible in cells where the system utilization are very low and the traffic load is light. PT.

zte. i. no artificial impact will be imposed.univ.3. 中兴通讯学院 www. the recommended value for CRO is zero and PT 620 seconds. For cells where the traffic is moderate.com. thus causing C2=C1. e.cn .

cn . there is a bit information indicating whether to allow the MS to access to it.univ. so the bit is set NO.com. The parameter is represented in character string. The CBA bit is a parameter for the network operator to set.CBA In the system message broadcasting in each cell. 中兴通讯学院 www. Usually all the cells are allowed to be accessed by MS . However. in special cases. The parameter CBA is to indicate whether the cell bar access is set in a cell.zte. then the bit can be set YES. NO: Do not set the CBA. Its value range is: YES: Set the CBA. which is called cell bar access (CBA). the telecom operator may want to assign a certain cells for handover service only.

univ.zte.cn .com.Application of CBA(1) Area A BTS B BTS A BTS C 中兴通讯学院 www.

zte. in order to reduce the handoff times while the MS is moving rapidly.g.Application of CBA(2) • Suppose Area A (shaded part) in the figure is the busy area (e.e.com. 中兴通讯学院 • www. We often use the double layer network concept. we usually adopt the micro cellular mode to increase the access rate of the area via the limited frequency resources. commercial area in a large city).cn . to set up BTS A (its capacity can be smaller) to cover the whole Area A. i.univ.

the network will force the MS to be handed over to BTS A.zte. 中兴通讯学院 www. When the MS is moving at a fast speed during a conversation.univ.com.cn .Application of CBA(3) • In general situations. the MS works in the micro cellular (you can set the priority of the cell and proper reselect parameter to achieve this purpose).

cn . the MS will not start the cell reselect process according to the GSM specifications because the signal quality of BTS A is far better than that of the micro cellular BTS . the MS cannot return to the micro cellular cell. 中兴通讯学院 www. As the capacity of BTS A is usually smaller. that is to forbid the MS from directly accessing to BTS A.zte. and permit only the handover service to access to the coverage of BTS A. the above situation will lead to the congestion of BTS A.com. To solve this problem.Application of CBA(4) • If the MS is just near BTS A and at the edge of a micro cellular after the conversation.univ. As a result. you can set the CBA of BTS A as 1.

This function is set by way of the parameter "Cell Bar Qualify" (CBQ). that is. the setting of cell priority. the telecom operator often hopes that the MS can have priority in selecting some cells. • • • • CBQ CBA Cell selection priority Cell reselection state NO NO Normal Normal NO YES Barred Barred YES NO Low Normal YES YES Low Normal 中兴通讯学院 www.cn .zte.CBQ In areas where the cells overlay with each other and differ in capacity.univ.com. traffic and functions.

To balance the traffic in the whole area.zte. this is dissimilar to reducing the transmitting power of Cell A and Cell B. However. the traffic of Cells A and B is apparently higher than that of other adjacent cells.cn .univ. and set the priority of the rest cells as normal so that the traffic in the shade area will be absorbed by adjacent cells.Example of CBQ Setting A B For some reasons. you can set the priority of Cells A and B as low.com. the latter may cause blind areas of the network coverage and the reduction of communication quality. It must be noted that the result of this setting is that the actual coverage of Cell A and Cell B is narrowed.。 中兴通讯学院 www.

The main parameters includes: •MAX RETRANS •AC •RE 中兴通讯学院 www.cn .univ.Random Access Random access is the process that messages being transmitted on RACH when a MS turns from “idle” to “specialized” mode.zte.com.

zte. originating calls or responding to paging calls).univ. the MS will transmit the "channel request" message over the RACH to the network. As the RACH is an ALOHA channel.MAX RETRANS(1) • When starting the immediate assignment process (e.cn . The numbers of maximum retransmission (MAX RETRANS) are determined by the network. 中兴通讯学院 www. in order to enhance the MS access success rate. when MS needs location updating.g. the network allows the MS to transmit multiple channel request messages before receiving the immediate assignment message.com.

• For micro-cellular. 中兴通讯学院 www.e.univ.cn .com. the MAX RETRANS is 1).e. • For microcellular areas with very high traffic and cells with apparent congestion. the MAX RETRANS can be set 11(i.e.MAX RETRANS(2) The MAX RETRANS is often set in the following ways: • For areas (suburbs or rural areas) where the cell radius is more than 3km and the traffic is smaller. the MAX RETRANS is 7).e.zte. the MAX RETRANS can be set 10(i. the MAX RETRANS is 2). it’s recommend that the MAX RETRANS be set 01(i. the MAX RETRANS is 4). • For areas (not bustling city blocks) where the cell radius is less than 3km and the traffic is moderate. it’s recommend that the MAX RETRANS be set 00(i.

univ. The access level ranges from 0 to 9 and is stored in the SIM card of the subscriber.Access Control (AC)(1) In some special conditions. For example. The GSM Specifications reserves 5 special access levels for some special subscribers. which range from 11 to 15.com.11 ) stipulates that each GSM subscriber (ordinary subscriber) is allocated with an access level. in case some areas are in emergency state or in case a GSM PLMN encounters a serious fault.zte. 中兴通讯学院 www.cn . and their access levels are also stored in the SIM cards. These levels usually have higher access priority. Special subscribers can have one or more access levels (11~15). the telecom operator wants to bar all or part of MS from sending out the access request or paging response request in some special areas. GSM Specification ( 02. For this reason.

• C15: PLMN staff. • C12: used by the security department.zte. • C14: emergency service.com. gas).cn .g. • C11: used for PLMN management. 中兴通讯学院 www. • C13: public utilities (e. water.AC(2) The access levels are distributed as follows: • C 0~C9: ordinary subscribers.univ.

cn . 中兴通讯学院 www. the RACH conflict happens frequently. the AGCH is overloaded and the Abis interface flow is overloaded. For example.com. The network operator can set proper access control parameters (C0~C15)to control the traffic of some cells.univ.zte.Setting of AC • In the BS installation and commissioning process or in the process of maintaining or testing some cells. • In some cells with very high traffic. the operator can set C0~C9 as 0 to forcedly forbid the access of ordinary subscribers so as to reduce the unnecessary effects on the installation or maintenance work. the congestion will occur in busy hours.

We recommend that the call reestablishment be not allowed in the network except for some 中兴通讯学院 individual cells. the MS can start the call reestablishment process to resume the conversation.cn . However. “1”=No. the call reestablishment failed to achieve its purpose and wasted many radio resources. the drop call may occur when the MS goes through a blind area during the conversation. “0”=Yes. www. most of the subscribers have hung up before the reestablishment process is over.zte. as a result.Reestablishment Enable(RE) • For the drop calls caused by the radio link fault due to the burst interference or blind areas owing to the high rise buildings. • In some special circumstances.univ. If the call reestablishment is allowed.com. the mean drop call rate will be reduced. but the network is entitled to determine whether the call reestablishment is allowed or not. the call reestablishment process will occupy a longer period of time.

com. the BTS should analyze its measured results. Moreover. the BTS must measure the interference levels of the upward links of all the free channels for the purpose of providing basis for managing and allocating radio resources. the socalled interference bands) is set by the operator through the man-machine interface. The parameter "Interference band border(LIMITn)” determines the borders of the 5 interference bands. divide the interference levels into 5 grades and report them to the BSC.zte.08. 中兴通讯学院 www. The division of the 5 interference grades (i.LIMITn(1) According to GSM Specification 05.e.cn .univ.

Setting of LIMITn 0 <-110dBm 1 -110dBm - -109dBm 2 -109dBm - -108dBm … … 61 -50dBm - -49dBm 62 -49dBm - -48dBm Default: LIMIT1:4 LIMIT2:8 LIMIT3:15 LIMIT4:25 The division of the interference bands should be favorable in describing the interference in the system. you can properly increase the LIMIT1~4 values in order to know the exact interference.zte. so the LIMIT1 ~ 4 value should be smaller. 中兴通讯学院 www. Generally the default values are recommended. the free channel interference level is smaller. When apparently large interference appears in the system.cn .univ. In the ordinary situations.com.

zte. it will detect whether the current LAI is the same as the LAI finally recorded in the MS. the MS will start the IMSI attach process. If they are the same.cn . When the MS re-enters the working state. so the connection request ending the subscriber as the called party will be rejected. When receiving the notification from the MS. the network will indicate the IMSI subscriber being in the working state. the network will indicate the IMSI subscriber to be in the non-working state. The corresponding IMSI attach process is that the MS notifies the network that it has been in the working state .IMSI Attach/Detach(ATT)(1) The IMSI detach process is that: the MS notifies the network that it is moving from the working state to the non-working state. or the process of the SIM card being taken from the MS. When receiving the location updating or IMSI attach process.univ.com. otherwise the MS will start the location updating process (instead of the IMSI attach process). 中兴通讯学院 www. or the SIM card is reinserted into the MS.

com.cn .IMSI Attach/Detach(ATT)(2) An ATT mark should be set as YES so that the network will no longer process the connection process using the MS as the called after the MS shuts down. Because the shutdown of the MS in cells where the ATT is YES will start the IMSI detach process. either. Please note that the ATT in different cells but in the same location area should be set the same. so the MS will not start the IMSI attach process.zte. 中兴通讯学院 www.univ. In this case. thus saving the processing time of the network entities and saving lots of network resources. When the MS restarts and is in the same location area (so the location update process is not started) as when it shuts down but is in a different cell and the ATT of the cells is set as NO. and the network will record the fact that the MS is in the non-working state and reject all the connection requests when using MS as the called. the MS cannot become the called party until it starts the location updating process.

The CCCH can be one or more physical channels. The CCCH and SDCCH can share the same physical channel. The combination mode of the common control channel in a cell is determined by the CCCH_CONF.
CCCH_CONF Coding Meanings CCCH message blocks in one BCCH 000CCCH use one basic physical channel, not shared with SDCCH 9 001CCCH use one basic physical channel, shares with SDCCH 3 010CCCH use two basic physical channels, not shared with SDCCH 18 100CCCH use three basic physical channels, not shared with SDCCH 27 110 CCCH use 4 basic physical channels, not shared with SDCCH 36 Others Reserved



Setting and Impact of CCCH_CONF
The CCCH_CONF is determined by the telecom operation department according to the traffic model of a cell. It is often decided in the system design period. According to the ordinary experience, if a cell has 1 or 2 TRX, we recommend that the CCCH uses one basic physical channel and shares it with the SDCCH; if a cell has 3 or 4 TRX, we recommend that the CCCH uses one basic physical channel but does not share it with the SDCCH.



Since the CCCH consists of the access grant channel (AGCH) and paging channel (PCH), it is necessary to set how many blocks of the CCCH information blocks are reserved and dedicated to the AGCH. To let the MS know about the configuration information, the system message of every cell contains a configuration parameter, that is, the access grant reserve blocks (AGBLK). AGBLK is represented in decimal numerals, and its value range is: • CCCH is not combined with SDCCH: 0~7. • CCCH is combined with SDCCH: 0~2.
中兴通讯学院 www.univ.zte.com.cn

univ. try to reduce the parameter as much as possible to shorten the time when the MS responds to the paging and improve the quality of service of the system.com.zte. 2 or 3 (when the CCCH is not combined with the SDCCH).Setting and Impact of AGBLK The AGBLK setting principle is: given that the AGCH is not overloaded. 中兴通讯学院 www. The recommended value of AGBLK is usually 1 (when the CCCH is combined with the SDCCH).cn .

then calculates the location of the paging subchannel belonging to the paging group.zte.cn . the MS only "receives“ the contents in the paging subchannel to which it belongs but ignores the contents in other paging subchannels. In every cell.BS-PA-MFRMS According to the GSM specifications.e. the MS calculates the paging group to which it belongs by basing on its own IMSI. DRX source).com.univ. every mobile subscriber belongs to a paging group. or even turn off the power supply of some hardware equipment of the MS for other paging subchannels to save the MS power overhead (i. 中兴通讯学院 www. every paging group corresponds to a paging subchannel. This parameter in fact determines how many paging subchannels are to be divided from the paging channels of a cell. In an actual network. The BS-PA-MFRMS refers to how many multiframes are used as a cycle of a paging subchannel.

cn . its default value is 2 BS-PA-MFRMS Multiframes of the same paging group that cycle on the paging channel 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 中兴通讯学院 9 www.com.BS-PA-MFRMS is represented in decimal numerals and its value range is 2~9.univ. its unit is multiframe (51 frames).zte.

you can set the smallerT3212 (3 hours or 6 hours.com.univ. etc. www.Periodic Updating Timer (T3212) 中兴通讯学院 The reasons for the location update in the GSM system are of two types: one is that the MS finds its location area changed (with a different LAC).cn . 20 hours or even 25 hours). you should select the larger T3212(e.). The frequency of periodic location update is controlled via the network and the period length is determined by the parameter T3212. we recommend that you set T3212 as 0. the other one is that the network requires the MS to periodically update its location. In areas where traffic is far beyond the system capacity. 16 hours. but in areas with smaller traffic and lower signaling flow. in areas with larger traffic and signaling flow. In general.zte.g.

univ.com. Therefore. The NCCPERM lists the NCCs of cells to be measured by the MS. The above functions can be fulfilled by limiting the MS to merely measure the cells whose NCC have been specified.NCCPERM(1) In the connection mode (during the conversation).zte. 中兴通讯学院 www. the MS will report the measured signals of the adjacent cells to the BS. do not let the MS report the information merely according to the signal level without selection (usually do not let the MS report other GSMPLMN cells).cn . but each report may contain at most 6 adjacent cells. let the MS only report the information of the cells that may become the hand-over target cells.

cn .NCCPERM(2) • In general. the border cells of an area should contain the NCC of its adjacent areas.zte. To ensure the normal roaming between different areas. The NCCPERM of each cell in the area should contain the NCC of the area. each area is allocated with one (or several) NCC. 中兴通讯学院 www.univ.com. otherwise a large number of cross-cell drop calls will occur and the cell reselection will fail.

In this case. the MS will regard it as a downward radio link fault when the communication quality is unacceptable (usually the user has to hang up). the so-called radio link fault). the MS will either start the call re-connection or forcedly disconnect the link. 中兴通讯学院 www.com.univ.e. when the downward voice (or data) quality is degraded to be unacceptable and cannot be improved through the RF power control or handover (i. it is provided in the GSM specifications that the MS needs a counter S to assign an initial value--"downward radio link timeout"--.RLT • During the MS conversation-. the MS will report the downward radio link fault.zte. As the forced disconnection actually means a "drop call" process.cn . When S is counted to 0.

the telecom operator often.com. so the operator hopes that the MS will report the measurement result on the basis of not only signal strength but signal band as well. when the MS reports the adjacent cell measurement result to the network.cn . wants the MS to access to a frequency band with priority during the handover. The parameter "multiband indication (MBCR)" is used to notify the MS that it should report the multiband adjacent cell contents.MBCR(1) In the single band GSM system. The value is 0-3 中兴通讯学院 www. When multiple bands form a network.univ. according to the actual situation of the network. it only needs to report the contents of the 6 adjacent cells with the strongest signals in a band.zte.

MBCR(2) • 0: Based on the signal strength of adjacent cells.com. The default value is “0” 中兴通讯学院 www. the MS reports the measurement results of 6 adjacent cells whose signals are the strongest. whose NCC are known and allowed no matter in which band the adjacent cells lie.zte.cn .univ.

zte.cn . it will report the information of the rest adjacent cells no matter in which band these adjacent cells lie.com. It should also report in the rest position the adjacent cells in the band used by the current service area.MBCR(3) • 1: The MS should report the measurement result of an adjacent cell in each band (not including the band used by the current service area) in the adjacent table. 中兴通讯学院 www. whose signal is the strongest and whose NCC is already known and allowed. If there are still rest positions.univ.

com. whose signals are the strongest and whose NCC are already known and allowed. If there are still rest positions. 中兴通讯学院 www.zte. it will report the information of the rest adjacent cells no matter in which band these adjacent cells lie. It should also report in the rest position the adjacent cells in the band used by the current service area.cn .univ.MBCR(4) • 2: The MS should report the measurement results of two adjacent cells in each band (not including the band used by the current service area) in the adjacent table.

cn . 中兴通讯学院 www.univ. whose signals are the strongest and whose NCC are already known and allowed.com.zte.MBCR(5) • 3: The MS should report the measurement results of three adjacent cells in each band (not including the band used by the current service area) in the adjacent table.

zte.univ.中兴通讯学院 www.cn .com.

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