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Joseph Stalin - Collected Works Volume 8

Joseph Stalin - Collected Works Volume 8

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That is the essence and basic significance of the
slogan, of the course towards industrialising the coun-
try, which was proclaimed at the Fourteenth Party Con-
gress, and which is now being put into effect. It was
this basic slogan that the plenum of the Central Com-
mittee in April of this year took as the starting point
of its work. Consequently, the immediate and funda-

ECONOMIC SITUATION AND THE POLICY OF THE PARTY

127

mental task now is to hasten the tempo of development
of our industry, to promote our industry to the utmost
by utilising the resources at our disposal, and thereby
to accelerate the development of the economy as a
whole.

This task has become particularly urgent just now,
at the present juncture, among other reasons because a
certain discrepancy has arisen, owing to the way our
economy has developed, between the demand for manu-
factured goods in town and country and the supply of
those goods by industry, because the demand for indus-
trial products is growing faster than industry itself,
because the goods shortage we are now experiencing,
with all its attendant consequences, is a reflection and
outcome of this discrepancy. It scarcely needs proof
that the swift development of our industry is the surest
way to eliminate this discrepancy and to put an end
to the goods shortage.
Some comrades think that industrialisation implies
the development of any kind of industry. There are even
some queer fellows who believe that Ivan the Terrible
was an industrialist, because in his day he created cer-
tain embryonic industries. If we follow this line of argu-
ment, then Peter the Great should be styled the first
industrialist. That, of course, is untrue. Not every kind
of industrial development is industrialisation. The centre
of industrialisation, the basis for it, is the development
of heavy industry (fuel, metal, etc.), the development,
in the last analysis, of the production of the means of
production, the development of our own machine-build-
ing industry. Industrialisation has the task not only
of increasing the share of manufacturing industry in

J. V. S T A L I N

128

our national economy as a whole; it has also the task,
within this development, of ensuring economic inde-
pendence for our country, surrounded as it is by capi-
talist states, of safeguarding it from being converted into
an appendage of world capitalism. Encircled as it is
by capitalism, the land of the dictatorship of the prole-
tariat cannot remain economically independent if it
does not itself produce instruments and means of produc-
tion in its own country, if it remains stuck at a level of
development where it has to keep its national economy
tethered to the capitalistically developed countries, which
produce and export instruments and means of production.
To get stuck at that level would be to put ourselves in
subjection to world capital.
Take India. India, as everyone knows, is a colony.
Has India an industry? It undoubtedly has. Is it devel-
oping? Yes, it is. But the kind of industry developing
there is not one which produces instruments and means
of production. India imports its instruments of production
from Britain. Because of this (although, of course, not
only because of this), India’s industry is completely
subordinated to British industry. That is a specific
method of imperialism—to develop industry in the colo-
nies in such a way as to keep it tethered to the metro-
politan country, to imperialism.
But it follows from this that the industrialisation
of our country cannot consist merely in the development
of any kind of industry, of light industry, say, although
light industry and its development are absolutely essen-
tial for us. It follows from this that industrialisation
is to be understood above all as the development of heavy
industry in our country, and especially of our own ma-

ECONOMIC SITUATION AND THE POLICY OF THE PARTY

129

chine-building industry, which is the principal nerve of
industry in general. Without this, there can be no question
of ensuring the economic independence of our country.

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