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Joseph Stalin - Collected Works Volume 8

Joseph Stalin - Collected Works Volume 8

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Published by: OpenToSuggestions on Feb 16, 2013
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The opposition took the first serious step towards
forming a bloc at the time of the April plenum of the
Central Committee,80

in connection with Rykov’s the-
ses on the economic situation. Full understanding be-
tween the “New Opposition” and the Trotskyists had not
yet been reached at that time, but that in the main
the bloc was already formed—of that there could be no
doubt. Comrades who have read the verbatim report
of the April plenum will know that that is quite true.
In the main, the two groups had already managed to
come to an understanding, but there were reservations,
owing to which they were obliged to submit two paral-
lel series of amendments to Rykov’s theses, instead of
common amendments of the whole opposition. One
series of amendments came from the “New Opposition,”
headed by Kamenev, and the other series from the Trots-
kyist group. But that in the main they were hitting
at the same mark, and that the plenum was already say-
ing that they were reviving the August Bloc in a new
form, is an undoubted fact.
What were the reservations made at that time?
Here is what Trotsky said then:

“I consider the defect of Comrade Kamenev’s amendments
that they, as it were, treat differentiation in the countryside
to a certain extent independently of industrialisation. Yet the

THE SOCIAL-DEMOCRATIC DEVIATION IN OUR PARTY

247

significance and social importance of peasant differentiation and
its tempo are determined by the progress and tempo of industri-
alisation in relation to the countryside as a whole.”

A reservation of no little importance.
In reply to this, Kamenev in his turn made a reser-
vation in regard to the Trotskyists:

“I am not able,” he said, “to associate myself with that part
of them (i.e., Trotsky’s amendments to Rykov’s draft resolution)
which assesses the past economic policy of the Party, which I
supported one hundred per cent.”

The “New Opposition” was not pleased at Trotsky
criticising the economic policy which Kamenev had di-
rected during the preceding period. And Trotsky, for
his part, was not pleased at the “New Opposition” sep-
arating the question of peasant differentiation from
the question of industrialisation.

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