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Structural Engineer's Pocket Book

Structural Engineer's Pocket Book

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Structural Engineer's Pocket Book
Structural Engineer's Pocket Book

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Published by: Ahmad Hussein Enayat on Feb 16, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/21/2013

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Material

Advantage

Disadvantage

Aluminium

Good strength to dead weight ratio for long spans Cannot be used where stiffness is critical

Good corrosion resistance

Stiffness is a third of that of steel

Often from recycled sources

About two to three times the price of steel

Concrete

Design is tolerant to small, late alterations

Dead load limits scope

Integral fire protection

Greater foundation costs

Integral corrosion protection

Greater drawing office and detailing costs

Provides thermal mass if left exposed

Only precasting can accelerate site work

Client pays as the site

work progresses: ‘pay as you pour’

Difficult to post-strengthen elements

Fair faced finish needs very skilled contractors

and carefully designed joints

Masonry

Provides thermal mass

Skilled site labour required

The structure is also the cladding

Long construction period

Can be decorative by using a varied selection

of bricks

Less economical for high rise

Economical for low rise buildings

Large openings can be difficult

Inherent sound, fire and thermal properties

Regular movements joints

Easy repair and maintenance

Uniform appearance can be

difficult to achieve

Steelwork Light construction reduces

foundation costs

Design needs to be fixed early

Intolerant to late design changes

Needs applied insulation, fire

protection and corrosion protection

Fast site programme

Skilled workforce required

Members can be strengthened easily

Early financial commitment required from

client to order construction materials

Ideal for long spans and transfer structures

Long lead-ins

Vibrations can govern design

Timber

Traditional/low-tech option

Limited to 4–5 storeys maximum

construction height

Sustainable material

Requires fire protection

Cheap and quick with simple connections

Not good for sound insulation

Skilled labour not an absolute requirement

Must be protected against insects and moisture

Easily handled

Connections can carry relatively small loads

46 Structural Engineer’s Pocket Book

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7
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4

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11

Span (m)

Depth (m

)

1. Timber joists at 400 c/c

2. Stressed skin ply panel

3. One way reinforced concrete slab

4. Precast prestressed concrete plank

5. Precast double tee beams

6. Coffered concrete slab

7. Beam + block floor

8. Reinforced concrete flat slab

9. Post tensioned flat slab

10. Concrete metal deck slab

11. Composite steel beams

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