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Structural Engineer's Pocket Book

Structural Engineer's Pocket Book

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Structural Engineer's Pocket Book
Structural Engineer's Pocket Book

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Published by: Ahmad Hussein Enayat on Feb 16, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/21/2013

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`Like fountain pens, motor cars and wives, steel estimates have some personal features. It
is difficult to lay down hard and fast rules and one can only provide a guide to the
uninitiated.' This marvellous (but now rather dated) quote was the introduction to an
unpublished guide to better reinforcement estimates. These estimates are difficult to get
right and the best estimate is based on a proper design and calculations.

DO NOT: Give a reinforcement estimate to anyone without an independent check by
another engineer.

DO: Remember that you use more steel than you think and that although you may
remember to be generous, you will inevitably omit more than you overestimate. Compare
estimates with similar previous projects. Try to keep the QS happy by differentiating
between mild and high tensile steel, straight and bent bars, and bars of different sizes.
Apply a factor of safety to the final estimate. Keep a running total of the steel scheduled
during preparation of the reinforcement drawings so that if the original estimate starts to
look tight, it may be possible to make the ongoing steel detailing more economical.

As a useful check on a detailed estimate, the following are typical reinforcement quan-
tities found in different structural elements:

Slabs

80±110 kg/m3

RC pad footings

70±90kg/m3

Transfer slabs

150kg/m3

Pile caps/rafts

115kg/m3

Columns

150±450kg/m3

Ground beams

230kg/m3

Beams

220kg/m3

Retaining walls

110kg/m3

Stairs

135kg/m3

Walls

65kg/m3

`All up' estimates for different building types:

Heavy industrial

125kg/m3

Commercial

95kg/m3

Institutional

85kg/m3

Source: Price & Myers (2001).

Reinforced Concrete 207

9

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