‫1102 ‪SLE‬‬

‫بسم ال الرحمن الرحيم‬

‫نحن )91 ( طبيب وطبيبة امتياز من كليات الرياض و جامعة الملك سعود, حاولنا في‬ ‫هذا المجهود أن نقوم بمراجعة أكبر عدد من السئلة المتكررة في اختبار الهيئة السعودية‬ ‫للتخصصات الصحية. البداية كانت في منتدى طلب جامعة الملك سعود في موضوع قامت‬ ‫بإنشائه الدكتورة سوسو . وشارك فيه العديد من الزملء من خلل حل أكبر عدد من‬ ‫السئلة , و مهمتنا كانت تصحيح أكبر قدر من الخطاء , ونتمنى من ال عز وجل أن‬ ‫نكون وفقنا في ذالك , وهذا ل يعني أبدا بأن نسبة صحة الجابة 001 % ولكن نتمنى‬ ‫. أن تكون القرب لذالك . ونتمنى للجميع التوفيق والنجاح‬

‫1- هيثم بن تريكي – 1‬ ‫2- عبدا لله القباني -2‬ ‫3-عبدالكريم الشهري – 3‬ ‫4- عمر الخرجي -4‬ ‫5- غادة الزامل -5‬ ‫6- هنادي اليامي -6‬ ‫7-هديل الوكيل -7‬ ‫8-مي السناني -8‬ ‫9-سارة اللحيدان -9‬

‫سلطان الشمري‬ ‫أحمد المصري‬ ‫خليل ابراهيم ياسين‬ ‫رشا البيبي‬ ‫أشواق العتيبي‬ ‫أميرة القحطاني‬ ‫ريم البلوي‬ ‫نادية تفنجكي‬ ‫جواهر الغامدي‬ ‫01-شذا الفايز‬

1. The periodontal tissues comprise which of the following tissues: a. Gingiva and the PDL. b. Gingival, PDL, and alveolar bone. c. Gingival, PDL, alveolar bone, and cementum. d. Gingival, PDL, alveolar bone, cementum, and enamel. 2. The following chemically bond to the tooth: a. Composite resin. b. Dental sealants. c. Glass ionomer cement. d. All of the above. 3. In countries with higher annual population growth rates, the need for community – based preventive programs would be greater for: a. Dental caries. b. Periodontal disease c. Dentofacial anomalies d. Dental floozies. 4. The following medical conditions may precipitate a syncope: a. Hypoglycemia. b. Mild hyperglycemia. c. Anti hypertensive drugs with ganglionic blocking agent. d. Antidepressant therapy. e. All of the above. 5. Orthognathic ridge relationship (class II) presents several problems which should be taken into consideration when constructing complete denture prosthesis. These include all EXCEPT: a. Require minimum interocclusal distance. b. Have a great range of jaw movement. c. Require careful occlusion, usually cuspless teeth are indicated.

6. After insertion of complete denture, Pt came complaining from pain in TMJ and tenderness of muscle with difficulty in swallowing, this could be due to: a. High vertical dimension. b. Low vertical dimension. c. Thick denture base. d. Over extended denture base.

7. Pt. Presented after insertion of complete denture complaining of

dysphagia and ulcers what is the cause of dysphagia? -over extended. -over post dammed. -under extended -under post dammed 8. Pt with denture has swallowing problem and sore throat. The problem is: e. Posterior over extension at distal palatal end f. Over extension of lingual. g. Over extension of hamular notch.
9. Nausea is a complaint that a new denture wearer might

encounter. It may result from: ‫ا‬ a. Thick posterior border. b. Denture under extended. c. Denture slightly over extended. d. A & b are correct.
10. Planning centric occlusion for complete denture, it is advisable to

have: a. 1-2 mm of vertical and horizontal overlap of upper and lower anterior teeth with no contact. b. Definite tooth contact of upper and lower anterior teeth in order to facilitate the use of anterior teeth for incision. 11. Compomer restorative materials are: a. Glass ionomer with polymer components b. Resin systems with fluoride containing glasses. c. Composite resin for cervical restorations only.

12. The posterior extension of max complete denture can be

detected by the followings EXCEPT: a. Hamular notch. b. Fovea palatine. c. Vibrating line. none of the above ‫هاد السؤال جوابه‬ 13. The distal palatal termination of the maxillary complete denture base is dictated by the: a. Tuberosity.

b. c. d. e.

Fovea palatine. Maxillary tori. Vibrating line. Posterior palatal seal.

14. All are participating in the determination of the posterior

extension of the maxillary denture (posterior palatal extension) EXCEPT: hamular notch fovae palatine vibrating line retromolar (pads) areas.
15. Most common complete denture post insertion complaint after 24

hrs: a. Rough b. Overextension causing laceration c. Pt not used to new vertical dimension ‫الجواب الول والتاني صح‬
16. Which palatal form is more retentive and offers better stability to

complete denture: a. V shaped b. Wide palate c. U shaped d. Flat palate
17. Vibrating line is:

a. Joint between h. And s. Palate b. Joint btw movable and immovable parts of s. Palate

18.

Vibrating line: a. Between hard & soft palate. b. Between mobile and non mobile soft tissue.

19. All relate to retention of maxillary complete denture EXCEPT:

a. Tongue movement. b. Type of saliva.
20. Best instrument to locate vibrating line with it is

T burnisher.

21. We can use to palatal posterior seal:

1. Le jao carver. 2. Kingsley scraper. 22. To a great extent, the forces occurring through a removable partial denture can be widely distributed and minimized by the following methods: a. Proper location of the occlusal rests. b. Selection of lingual bar major connector c. Developing balanced occlusion. d. All of the above. 23. The most frequent cause of failure of a cast crown restoration is: a. Failure to extend the crown preparation adequately into the gingival sulcus. b. Lack of attention in carving occlusal anatomy of the tooth. c. Lack of attention to tooth shape, position, and contacts d. Lack of prominent cusps, deep sulcus, and marginal ridges.
24. An examination of the edentulous mouth of an aged Pt who has

wore maxillary complete dentures for many years against six mandibular teeth would probably show: a. Cystic degeneration of the foramina of the anterior palatine nerve. b. Loss of osseous structure in the anterior maxillary arch. c. Flabby ridge tissue in the posterior maxillary arch. d. Insufficient inter occlusal distance.
25. Dental carries is an endemic disease "means that the disease is:

a. b. c. d.

Occurs clearly in excess of normal expectancy. Is habitually present in human population. Affect large number of countries simultaneously. Exhibit a seasonal pattern.

26. Clinical failure of the amalgam restoration usually occurs from: a. Improper cavity preparation b. Faulty manipulation. c. Both of the above d. None of the above

27. Pt on treatment with steroids are placed on antibiotic after oral

surgical procedure because: a. The Pt is more susceptible to infection. b. Antibiotics are synergistic to steroids. c. Antibiotic inhibits kerksheimer reaction. d. Antibiotic protect the Pt from steroid depletion. 28. Which of the following may cause gingival enlargement a. Phenyntoin (Dilantin). b. Cyclosporine c. Nifedipine ( a calcium channel blocker) d. Aspirin e. None of the above

29. Reliability of the measurements reflects that property of the measurements which:: a. Measures what is intended to be measured. b. Produces repeatedly the same results under a variety of conditions. c. Detects reasonably small shifts, I either direction, in group condition. d. All of the above. ‫الجواب مختلف فيه‬

30. The post operative complication after the removal of impacted

third molar is: a. Secondary hemorrhage. b. Swelling. c. Pain. d. Alveolar osteitis. e. All of the above.

31. The posterior seal in the upper complete denture serves the following functions: a. It reduces Pt discomfort when contact occurs between the dorsum of the tongue and the posterior end of the denture base. b. Retention of the maxillary denture. c. It compensate for dimensional changes which occur in the acrylic denture base during processing. d. A& b are correct.

and periodically replaced until the tissue are recovered. The Pt is cautioned to remove the denture out at night. Abutment teeth are not carious. b. The occlusion of the existing denture is adjusted. An anterior fixed partial denture is contraindicated when: a. An abutment tooth is inclined 15 degrees but otherwise sound. Are less stiff than poly sulfide rubber. Balanced occlusion refers to: a. For the purpose of retention. If the oral tissues are inflamed and traumatized. Should be started immediately in order to prevent further deterioration. A & B are correct. 33. All of the above. The type of occlusion which allows simultaneous contact of the teeth in centric and eccentric jaw positions. The type of occlusion which allows simultaneous contact of the teeth in centric occlusion only. and tissue condition material is applied. c. 34. Polyether impression materials: a. There is considerable resorption of the residual ridges. b. The indication for the use of lingual plate major connector include: a. To prevent the movement of mandibular anterior teeth. 36. 35. c. c. c. . then making impression take place. e. c. impression for making a new denture: a. Can absorb water and swell if stored in water. b. Are less stable dimensionally than poly sulfide rubber. A type of occlusion which is similar to the occlusion of the natural teeth. d. b.32. b. When the lingual frenum is high or when there is a shallow lingual sulcus. All of the above are correct. d.

Water fluoridation. In registering the vertical dimension of occlusion for the edentulous patient. d. b. 37. Cost effective method to prevent dental caries water fluoridation. In recent years caries reduced in developed countries mainly due to: a. Individualized oral hygiene care. Three weeks after delivery of a unilateral distal extension mandibular removable partial denture. Equals the vertical dimension of occlusion. Artificial water fluoridation. Fluoride toothpaste c. Must always be greater than vertical dimension of occlusion. Exposed dentine at the bottom of the occlusal rest seats. D. b. 38. there has been an evidence that the prevalence and intensity of the caries attack has been diminishing in the more economically developed countries. May be exceeded if the appearance of the patient is enhanced. Fluoride toothpaste c. Recent years. mainly because of the wide spread use of: a. Defective occlusion. Dental health education programs. the most likely cause is: a. c. b. b.d. Is of little importance as it is subject to variations. 40. The physiological rest dimension: a. a Pt complained of a sensitive abutment tooth. A & c. . 39. Dental health education programs d. flouridated tooth paste 41. 25. Crown of the abutment teeth are extremely long owing to gingival recession. clinical examination reveals sensitivity to percussion of the tooth. Galvanic action between the framework and an amalgam restoration in the abutment tooth. c.

All of the above. 45. Use a dental floss. d. . Mechanical preparation and irrigation of the canal. c. During post insertion examination of a 3 unit ceramometal fixed partial denture. A tooth that supports a removable partial denture. 47. b. Less c. c. The same ‫السوال مختلف فيه‬ 43. c. Greater b. Use a shim stock. Keep porcelain metal junction away from centric contacts. (like articulator paper but thinner) c. Reduce the metal to 0. Only b & d. Use a silicone checker. d. c. Which are the ways in which the proximal contacts can be checked? a.3 mm. d.42. doesn’t respond to heat. Proper antibiotic thereby. e. b. The most probable diagnosis is: a. 44. b. Use a pencil. What a. Have uniform porcelain thickness. Actual destruction of micro-organisms in the root canal is attributed mainly to: a. Have occlusion on metal. cold or the electric pulp tester. Reversible pulpitis. b. 46. d. In order to avoid the problem the dentist must: a. One of the retainers showed chipping of porcelain at the ceramometal junction. A tooth very painful to percussion. None of the above. b. Effective use of medicament. Irreversible pulpitis. Acute apical periodontitis. is a Pier abutment? Single tooth holding one pontic. The effects of natural fluoride versus added fluoride in reducing dental caries as it relates to the concentration are: a. None of the above.

By various methods but the most common one is the use of retraction cord. Even in the presence of a gingival inflammation. Retraction of gingival margin during taking final impression to take all details of unprepared finish line. e. Be the last step in the tooth preparation. To temporarily expose the finish margin of a preparation. d. f. b.5 mm. 51. b and d. Retraction of gingival margin can be done by many ways one of them is retraction cord. c. b and c. c. b. g. 49. 3 mm. d. Regarding tissue retraction around tooth: a. A. A. Gingival retraction is done: a. d. 2 mm. Follow the occlusal morphology with a clearance rating from 1 to 1. e. 1. The occlusal reduction for an all metal veneer crown should: a. g. Be as flat as possible to enable an easy fabrication of occlusion anatomy. d. b. 50. . A and d. To accurately record the finish margin of a portion of uncut tooth surface apical to the margin in the final impression.48. c. Usually retracted severely inflamed gingival margin. c and d. f.5 mm with the opposing dentition. Follow the occlusal morphology with a clearance of no more than 0. A. B. A and b. The incisal reduction for a metal ceramic restoration should be: a. c. b and c. 4 mm. (8 min) b.5 mm with the opposing dentition. Short duration of retraction of gingival margin during preparation of finishing line.

File d. Removal of Undermined Enamel in Class II cavity is done by : . 1+3 and 4. 60 degree c.52. . Straight chisel . 130 degree. Gingival curetla. 90 degree d. Biangled chisel C. 4. Enamel hatchet 55. Loose enamel rods at the gingival floor of a class II amalgam cavity should be removed using a: a. 2. b. 30 degree b. Hand instrument which we used to make internal angles retentive grooves and preparation of cavity walls in the cavity is: a. Be supported by sound dentine. b. What is the cavo-surface angle of prep for amalgam restoration: a. Hatchet. 53. To plan the line-angles in the proximal cavity in a class II you use: A. 3. c.A) Chisel B) Angle former C) Excavator 54.B. Angle former. Be located in area free of occlusal stress. Gingival marginal trimmer. 1+3. To provide maximum strength of amalgam restoration the cavo-surface angles should: 1. d. 57. Enamel hatched 56. Approach 75 with outer surface. Straight chisel. Chisel c. a) b) Approach 90 with outer surface.

Anhydrous class inomer cement. Copalite varnish. c. Number 5 round bur. 61. It is alkaline + less irritating to pulp.Giant granuloma .62 . ‫الجواب اختلفو فيه والغلب الجواب الول‬ 59. Fiber reinforced composite resin restoration :Sealer is used in RCT to . 58. Number 56 fissure bur. d.1 . Microfilled composite resin restoration. Number 35 cone bur. Number 556 fissure bur. 60. b. c. 2. d. Which of the following materials has been shown to simulate reparative dentine formation most effectively when applied to the pulpal wall of a very deep cavity: a. d. c. Which of the following burs would you prefer to use preparing a slot for the relation of an extensive amalgam restoration on maxillary molar: a. b.63 maxillary anterior area tow days ago. Macrofilled resin restoration.c) d) 2+3+4.Disinfect the canal -3 Child patient presented with swelling in the buccal and palatal . A glossy finish is best retained on a: a. 1. Hybrid composite resin restoration. 3+4. Zinc phosphate cement. Calcium hydroxide is best pulp capping material because: It has best seal over pulp. It induces reparation dentine formation.Fill in voids -1 .Increase strength of RC filling -2 . the pathology of the lesion :there is a giant cell. Calcium hydroxide preparation. 3. what is the diagnosis . b.

… Fructose .3 :Child with anodontia and loss of body hair.2 .5 INR on the same day .Polyacrylic acid 10 seconds .Ectodermal dysplasia .Polyacrylic acid 60 seconds .Hot test .Phosphoric acid 10 seconds .Speech .… Diabetic .When PT is 2 – 2.Stimulation the dentine .4 :Cavity etching before applying GIC is – 65 .3 .3 . what is the least reliable way to :do test pulp .4 :surgery for ridges aim to – 66 .2 .3 Patient with warfarin treatment and you want to do surgery.When PTT is 1 – 1.5 INR on the same day ..2 .1 .When PTT is 2 – 2.2 .2 . the diagnosis is – 64 .5 INR on the same day . – 67 :when you can do .Down's syndrome .Modify ridge for stability .Electric test .1 .Cold test .2 .1 . and the patient can – 68 not tell the tooth causes the pain.3 .1 .1 ..Vertical dimension .4 ‫اختلف في الجواب‬ .Hemangioma .5 INR on the same day .3 .When PT is 1 – 1.… .4 Patient with pain on the upper right area.Phosphoric acid 60 seconds .

One of the main features of acute herpetic gingivostomatitis is the ulcers are confined to the attached gingival and hard palate: 63. Condensation type silicone. Recurrent infections occur at various intervals ranging from monthly in some individuals to seldom in) others) and affect the non-movable intraoral tissues (the ( hard palate and attached gingival 64.:Skeletal face is from – 69 . 5th edition . *** a primary infection is more severe. fever and malaise.Neural . c. False. a. is 0. the restoration to provide pulpal protection or pulpal response . The minimal thickness. Polyvinyl siloxane *** Polysulfide. The functions of cement bases are: To act alike a barrier against acids or thermal shocks.5 mm of base. a. b. True.3 ‫السؤال ناقص‬ The most accurate impression material for making the impression of an onlay cavity: 62. b. *** 1 only. e. d.… . Impression compound. 2 only "Sturdevant's art and science of operative dentistry. A and b.…Para .1 .2 . None of the above.page 174-175" Liners and bases are materials placed between dentin (and sometimes pulp) and . with associated lymphadenopathy. b. which is required. a. c. d. f.

are not insulating such as amalgam and cast gold or with other indirect restoration • Thin liners(1-50 mm) subdivided into solution liners(varnishes2-5 mm) and suspension liners (typically 20-25 mm) • Thick liners(200-1000 mm= 0. A.space against Microleakage . 5th edition – page 696 Art and science of operative dentistry 2000 – page 156 . Cavity varnishes and liners reduce initial .Page 169 During electrochemical corrosion of low-copper amalgams. Sn-O helps seal the . f.leakage of the material Form the disadvantages of amalgam is more technique sensitive if bonded “”Sturdevant's art and science of operative dentistry. e. A and c. d. High dimensional changes.145. b and c.indirect restorations Liners are relatively thin layers of material used primarily to provide a barrier to protect the dentin from residual reactants diffusing out of a restoration and/or oral fluids that may penetrate leaky tooth-restoration interfaces. typically 1 to 2 mm) are used to provide thermal protection for the pulp and to supplement mechanical support for the restoration by distributing local stresses from the restoration across the underlying dentin surface. c. The Sn-Hg phase is oxidized into Sn-O and/or Sn-O-Cl. This mechanical support provides resistance against disruption of thin dentin over the pulp during amalgam condensation procedures or cementation procedures of . It has been proven that amalgam restoration has the following characteristics: a.2-1 mm) 65.146 The oxychloride species is soluble.During setting. A and b. The oxide Precipitates as crystals and tends to fill up the spaces Occupied by the original Sn-Hg phase.Bases (cement bases. *** B only. most amalgams undergo very little Dimensional change - . Along the margins Of the amalgam. They also contribute initial electrical insulation. the need for liners is greatest with pupally extended metallic restorations that are not well bonded to tooth structure and that . Micro leakage decrease with aging of the amalgam restoration. It is the least techniques sensitive of all current direct restorations. generate some thermal protection and in some formulations provide pulpal treatment . b. Research has shown that freshly packed amalgam restorations leak but that this leakage tends to decrease as fillings age. g.

It contains 15 % fluoride. a. b and c. Teeth more than 60 years . c.usually have negative dimensional changes The only EXCEPTion to this statement is the excessive delayed dimensional change resulting from contamination of a zinc-containing alloy with water during . When polishing the amalgam restoration: Avoid heat generation by using wet polishing paste.ee/dental-materials/amalgam-dental-amalgam/4 The dimensional change during the setting of amalgam is one of its most characteristic properties. A and c. c. e. *** B only. 5th edition – page 499" Silicate cement: first translucent filling material in 1878 by Fletcher in England .dentaldiamond. *** A only. used in ant.the danger of elevating the temperature of the restoration and the tooth. d. rubber abrasive point at low speed or” stall out ”speed and air-water spray for 2 reasons: 1. a. Wait 24 hours. b. 1 and 2. f. 67. It can be used as permanent filling. such as precipitated chalk. Modern amalgams mixed with mechanical amalgamators . “Sturdevant's art and science of operative dentistry.by virtue of the high . A and b. Alternative to rubber abrasive points polishing may be accomplished using a rubber cup with flour of pumice followed by a high luster agent. d./Http://www.the danger of the point disintegrating at high speeds. Silicate cement: First tooth colored restoration.tritura-tion or condensation 66. In ant teeth with high caries activity . b. e. 5th edition – page725" • Polishing procedure by using a coarse . A. and rarely used today. “Sturdevant's art and science of operative dentistry. 2. A only. • Additional finishing and polishing procedures for amalgam are not attempted within 24 hours of insertion because crystallization is not incomplete. g. Recommended in patients with small rest.

c. b. anticariogenic . longer. f.fluoride content and solubility of this material. a. Treatment of gingival trauma from faulty oral hygiene is mainly: To advice the patient to change their faulty habits immediately *** Reassure the patient that it will disappear by it self.The failure due to discoloration and loss of contour "dental material & thier selection2002" ‫يحتوي إسمنت السيلكات 21-52 فلور‬ 68. To buy a new brush. ease of manipulation . Its removal permits more effective plaque control. . good insulator . It is dens in nature and has a rough surface. All of the above. It tears the gingival fibers leading to attachment loss. *** None of the above. Characteristic: tooth matching . Which of the following statement is true regarding dental calculus: It is composed entirely of inorganic material. It is mineralized dental plaque. Stimulate inflammatory reaction directly. coefficient of thermal expansion approached that of enamel and average life 4 years and in some of these restorations were reported to last for 10 years and . A & d. B & C only. 70. a. 69. b. a. need a liner or base under it to protect the pulp tissue from irritation resulting from low PH of the material. b. d. e. d. Overhanging restoration margins should be removed because: It provides ideal location for plaque accumulation. CARRANZA’S page 183 Calculus composition: inorganic content and organic content c. e. *** CARRANZA’S page 188 c. the adjacent enamel was thought to be rendered more resistance to recurrent caries .

Less plaque score. Floss used to: a. *** 73. Bacteria b. CARRANZA’S page 98 . 75. Plaque consists of: a. Calculus induce further periodontal lesion due to: a) Directly stimulates inflammation b)more plaque adhere to it.C) washing the food debris One of these is less exposed to extensive dental caries: a. …. Inorganic material c.of gingival inflammation and small increase in radiographic alveolar bone support 71. 72. c. b. *** Remove food debris.Obes. Remove bacterial plaque. Remove overhangs c.Pt has xerostomia c. Main use of dental floss: Remove calculus. Food 76. 74.Remove of overhangs permits more effective control of plaque resulting in reduction . malnourished b. d. a. *** d)……. *** b. Remove overhang. Stimulate gingival d. What is the benefit of rinsing the mouth with water: A) Plaque removal B) calculus removal *** . Remove interproximal plaque.

5 – 2 mm. After amalgam titrations. Maximum time elapsed before condensation of amalgam after titration: 1minute. One gram of plaque contain 2X1011 bacteria. a. 78. a.• Dental plaque is composite of primarily microorganisms. 82. 1. Depth of amalgam restoration should be: 1 – 1.5 mm. To prevent perio problem MOST effective method is: Community program. d. *** 3 mm. Length of pins must be equals in both tooth and restoration by a depth 1 mm. c. 2. 77. Removal of plaque. *** 3 min. 81. b. 3 – 5 mm. 79. a. c. c. b. 10 min. 80. the mix should be placed within: 1 min. *** 5 min. 1. of: a. 3minutes. c. *** Patient education. *** 9minutes. 4. 4 mm. • The intracellular matrix estimated to account for 20% to 30% of the plaque mass consists of organic and nonorganic materials. 2 mm. d. 3. b. *** 2 – 3 mm. Stainless steel pin is used in amalgam for: . b.

d. *** ZOE. 88. Single rooted anterior teeth has endodontic treatment is best treated by: Casted post and core.11% heavy . *** Diabetic Pt. Gutta percha contain mainly: Gutta percha 20%. *** “CARRANZA’S page 285 “Cause gingival enlargement 84. Dental decks 2210 ‫حسب‬ . A and b. d. b. 85.casted post . Periodontally involved teeth What can we use under composite restoration: Ca (OH). c. b.‫يزيد الوتد ثبات الحشوة ولكن يضعف الملغم وينقص المقاومة‬ 83. Performed post and amalgam. a. a. ZINC oxide %. Increase streangth. Gutta percha contain 20% gutta percha(matrix). c. b. False. Unrestored teeth.66% zinc oxide(filler).(metal sulfates(radiopacifier 87. b. 86. c. Composite post and core Post fracture decrease with: prefabricated post ready made post *** . c. ZINC phosphate cement. d. c. *** ZINC phosphate. a. RCT contraindicated in: Vertical fracture of root. *** Increase resistance. *** Performed post and composite. a. Calcium channel blockers cause increase saliva secretion: True. b. b.a. a. Increase retention.

a. 3. *** Ala orbital. Frank fort plane.5 92. b. None of the above. Prefabricated post. which post is the least cause to fracture: 1. *** . All of short duration.metal post Teeth with RCT and you want to use post. 94. c. d. a. d. Pain of short duration. Below the level of occlusal plane.ray of choice to detect the proximal caries of the anterior teeth is: Periapical x-ray. 91. b. c. a.2 12 *** 19 5. One of anatomical land mark is: Ala tragus line. Fiber post. 2. The x. *** Bitewing x-ray. Above the level of occlusal plane. Mandibular foramen in young children is: At level of occlusal plane. c. *** 4. b. Occlusal x-ray. 89. a. Hyperemia result in: Trauma of occlusion. Casted post. d. 93. The PH of the calcium hydroxide is: 7. Ready made post. a. c. b. b. 90. d. *** Radiographic changes. c. Anterior the level of occlusal plane.

12 mm below the occlusal plane at the age of 3. 98. 3. Apical area. a. By the age of 9. pathologic changes in radiographs are always seen in: Periapical area. 96. *** Eruption cyst "eruption hematoma" can be treated by: No treatment. In deciduous tooth the first radiographic changes will be seen in: Bifurcation area. Hemorrhage in the pulp. a. 2. it had reached approximately the same level as the occlusal plane. In primary teeth.potential for infection 99. d. d. c.furcation apex of root lateral to root 97. At base of developing teeth. d. c. . After trauma a tooth become yellowish in color. Furcation area. Pulpities in decidous teeth in radiograph see related to: *** . this is due to: Necrotic pulp. b. 1. *** Immediate incision. The foramen continued to . The lesions should not be incised as this may increase the . It subsequently moved upward with age. External root resoption. Complete uncoverage Observe for one week then incise Eruption cysts and eruption hematomas are usually asymptomatic and resolve with eruption of the tooth. Pulp is partially or completely obliterated. *** Alveolar crest. b.move upward to 4.The mandibular foramen was located 4. b. Irreversible pulpitis.16 mm above the occlusal plane in the adult group 95. c. a.

b. Pain during injection of local anesthesia in children could be minimized Slowly injection. Rubber dam is contraindicated in: a. *** . by: a. c. 2% copper 4% copper 10 % copper 13 % copper *** 102. What is the copper ratio that eliminates gamma phase 2: a. c. A and b. 101. b. Forward pull of lateral pterygoid muscle. 10-12 blades. Downward pull of geniohyoid and myalohyoid. a. a. c. Step deformity of the Mandibular body fracture may due to: a. Talking to the child during injection. Upward pull of masseter and temporalis. c. Using long needle. b. d. More than 12 blades. 103. *** 105. d. c. *** 25% 10% 95% Polishing bur have: Less than 6 blades. Inorganic material in bone compromise: 65%.Endo Principles and Practice of Endodontics WALTON – page 45 yellowish discoloration of the crown is often a Manifestation of calcific metamorphosis 100. b. d. 104. 6-7 blades. Pt with obstructive nose. *** Toward pull of medial pterygoid muscle. b. d. d.

Mentally retarded Pt. The pain could be due to: a. . d. Palatal root. *** . 107. Pt complain from pain in 45 which had gold onlay. b.obstructive nose.Hyperactive patient . b. Excisional biopsy. Fifth saturated. c. *** Incisional biopsy. High thermal conductivity of gold. Pediatric dentistry . Formicrisol when used should be: Full Saturated. a. 3rd edition.b. 109. c. Un comparative child. 111. Half saturated. Chemicals from cement. A and b. With children rubber dam not use with: . In maxillary 1st molar 4th canal is found in: a.pinkham. The most common type of biopsy used in oral cavity is: a. d. b. 108. 10 years old child present with bilateral swelling of submandibular area. c. *** None of the above. MB canal. b. Punch biopsy. what could be the disease: a. Polymorphic adenoma. Aspiration through needle.patient with fixed orthoappliance . *** DB canal. b. c.mildly handicapped and uncooperative. 106. d. Cherubism *** c. Fibrous dysphasia.infancy through adolescence. :‫المرجع‬ page348 110.

** Vagus n IX. Pulptomy. 8 years old Pt with pulp exposure in 11. c. 21 years old Pt with pathological exposure in 35. b. . Related to periodontal ligament. d. *** Which is most common: Cleft lip. 117. Trigeminal n V Facial n VII. e. A and b. a. a. *** Hyper cementum: Occur in Pajet disease. *** (most common & most complicated) (Source: Peterson’s page 841) Clefts of the upper lip and palate are the most common major congenital . a. d. 116.than is cleft lip alone 114. Flushes the debris. 115. Bulbous root. Difficult to extract. Vestibalcochealer n VII. d. Easy to manage by elevator. *** All the above. a. A and d. Cleft palate. c. Management: Apixofication. b. f. Bifid tongue. c. Cleft lip and palate. Indirect pulp capping. d. b. 113. c. c. g. b.*** RCT.craniofacial abnormality Atlas of Oral Diseases in Children: Cleft lip and palate are more common together . Cracked tooth or fractured surface. Which cranial nerve that petrous part of temporal bone houses: a. c. 112. All of the above. b. Root canal treatment. None of the above. a.c. d. Management: Direct pulp capping.‫يصنف الذهب على أنه "جيد جدا" بالعزل الحراري والكهربائي لذلك ل يمكن أن يكون هذا هو سبب اللم‬ ً The irrigation solution is good because: Lubricate the canals. b. .

C *** Reinforced ZOE. 1. 0. Thickness of porcelain should be: 03-05 mm. b. ZOE with epoxy cement.0 .within and is surrounded by the periodontal ligament space 118.1 ملم‬dental deck ‫حسب‬ The necessary thickness of the metal substucture is 0. the cementum is contained . 1 mm.mm. b. c. Lateral pterygoid muscle has how many origin: a. Below the level of the tongue.5 mm. d. *** ‫ صفحة 144 الجواب 1 . 121. b. Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics ROSENSTIEL Functional cusp 1. Class II composite resin is lined by: G.5-1.5.5 mm Non functional cusp 1 mm 119. c. *** 2 mm. c. reduction of functioning cusp should be: 1. Occlusal plane is: a. *** .Dental secrets – page 256Hypercementosis increases the difficulty of tooth . Above the level of the tongue.removal Dental secrets – page 113If hypercementosis is present. that is.5 mm the minimal porcelain thickness is 1. 0. 2.05-0. b. a. t he periodontal ligament space is visible around the added cementum.15 mm. b.5 mm 120. *** :mcqs in Dentistry "the tongue rests on the occlusal surface " 122. For onlay preparation. a.5. a. Cavity varnish.I.1.

In hairy tongue. *** ‫الدمعي‬ b. ‫القذالي‬ c. During instrumentation. b.c. Embryo become fetus in: a. Primary school year. and the lower/inferior head on the lateral surface of the lateral pterygoid plate. which taste buds increase in Length: a. Coronal suture is between: a. 127. ‫الوتدي‬ d. 5. *** 124. When does child should be first exposed for using tooth brush: a. ‫الجداري‬ 125. c. c. 1st month. Parietal. 7. *** Apical perforation. c. d. Two years old. 3rd month. All are single bone in the skull EXCEPT: a. d. Bifurcation of main canal. Circumvallates. The upper/superior head originates on the infratemporal surface and infratemporal crest of the greater wing of the sphenoid bone. *** Fungi form. d. *** Occipital and tympanic bone. Occipital and temporal bone. Sphenoid. Fili form. Lacrimal. 128. b. b. 126. d. *** One year old. 123. 1st week b. Occipital. Foliate. Calcification. As eruption of first tooth. . 2nd month. Frontal and parietal bone. b. c. sudden disappear of root canal due to: a. c.

Incisor with an adequate RCT and 9mm lesion .after the treatment.71 .2 . b. Ankylosis.1 Lateral incisor with good condensing RCT but swelling and pain 14 day .Guide to Fluoride Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .4th Ed. Space loose occur in: a. c. e. Cause space loss. When a child must first exposed to the use of the tooth brush: 1. Of age of 2 years. ‫الفقد المبكر يخص السنان المؤقتة وبالتالي تأثر النطق والناحية التجميلية أما ضياع المسافة عند الفقد المامي المبكر‬ (‫فيكون في السنان الدائمة )انزياح القواطع الدائمة لمكان الفقد‬ :Apicoectomy what is the right statement . Affect phonetic..age to avoid over-ingestion of toothpaste and ensure adequate plaque removal 130.…First upper premolar with lesion on the buccal root . *** All the above. d. Affect esthetics. the tooth a symptom before the obturation .page 25 Brushing using a fluoride toothpaste should start as soon as the first teeth erupt (about 6 months of age). Early loss of anterior tooth: a. b. Early extraction. 2. 3. d. Of age of 4 years. c.129. A and b. Proximal caries. Parents should supervise brushing up to at least 7 yrs of . *** Fluoridated toothpaste for 3 years child is recommended but under supervision in small pea-sized amount National Fluoride Information Centre . All of the above. Immediately after eruption of first tooth. *** 131. (2005) .3 .

73 mm( junctional epithelium 0.74 a.72 months. 3mm d.Patient presented to you after fitting the immediate denture 5 – 10 . Expose the roots for scaling and root planning b. what is the :diagnosis *** . connective tissue .Epulis fissurment .making it possible to remove all irritants reduce or eliminate pocket depth.07 mm + gingival sulcus 0.c The objective for pocket therapy is :1-increase the accessibility to the root surface .97 mm + connective tissue (attachment 1.07 mm Biologic zone= 2.73 a.75 Epithilum. making it possible for the patient to maintain-2 the root surface free of plaque reshape soft and hard tissues to attain a harmonious topography-3 :Biological width . Remove supragingival calculus … .04 mm ( junctional epithelium 0. sulcus.69 :Periodontal attachment contain. complaining pain and over tissue in the mandibular. 1 mm *** b.1 Hypertrophic frenum . 4mm CARRANZA’S page 945 Biologic width= 2.97 mm + connective tissue ( attachment 1. 2mm c.2 :Main reason for surgical pocket therapy .

(2005) – page 154 132.:Periodontally involved root surface must be root planed to.calculus a. Amount of G. and detecting subgingival . c. d. A & b only. 4-5 mm.a. d. measuring pocket depth attachment levels. :The tissue response to oral hygiene instruction is detected by.120 Probing to elicit bleeding (which is the single most useful indicator of disease activity). c.Less bleeding • Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . 1 mm. Remove the necrotic cementum.4th Ed. Clinical measurement of periodontitis has historically focused on the concept of periodontitis as a slow. b. Bleeding. b.P should after post preparation: a.76 a.77 Pocket depth. Change the root surface to become biocompatible All of the above.Probe pocket depth ** . e. As a general guide the post should be at least equal to the anticipated crown height.78 .net/ar/article.b.asnanak. *** http://www. Remove the attached plaque and calculus.php?sid=152 : Periodontal debridement :Best measurement of periodontitis by. *** Attachment level. Observations based on longitudinal measurement of attachment loss in untreated subjects have indicated that .periodontal destruction occurs in discrete episodes of short duration Oxford . 10 mm. b. None of the above. continuous process which has emphasized measurements of the static condition of periodontal pockets. c. but a minimum of 4 mm of well- .

consisting of right and left halves. is .stomodeum from the end of the pharyngeal gut The Dental Assistant 372 PROPERTIES OF ELASTOMERIC MATERIALS 134. 6.condensed GP should be left.check prepared canal length  Anatomy of the Human Body" What is the number of pharyngeal "brancheal" -2 :arches e. Can be poured more than once. Polyvinyl siloxanes compared with polysulfide: a. b. b. In each arch a cartilaginous bar. The dorsal ends of these arches are attached to the sides of the head. ectodermal cleft stomodeum is separated from the ectoderm (which forms the cranium and brain or of the buccopharyngeal membrane )which separates the . The first arch is named the mandibular. 4. *** h. and with each of these there is one of the primitive aortic arches Encyclopedia of Diagnostic Imaging 422 :Stomodeum and fugi separated by -3 a. f. *** c. but of . In all. A periodontal probe is helpful to . 7. the others have no distinctive names. Mandibular. frangeal arch b. g. What is the name of pharyngeal "brancheal" arches: a. and the second the hyoid. Can be poured after 7 days. Hyoid. . Maxillary. while the ventral extremities ultimately meet in the middle line of the neck.developed.these only the first four are visible externally 133. 5. six arches make their appearance.

d. A & b. *** b. Mentally retarded. Hand over mouth technique is used in management of which child: a. Hysterical. It is often used with .3rd Ed.teeth have more aprismatic enamel than permanent teeth Children with special needs. (PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY . In primary teeth b. *** 138. Less dimensional stability. physically or mentally . Can be poured after 24 hours. b. Fissure sealing of all occlusal surfaces of permanent teeth . c. *** PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY .(inhalation sedation (conscious sedation Indications: (i) A healthy child who is able to understand and co-operate. c.1 should be considered for those who are medically compromised. Polysulfide impression material: a. (2005) 137.exhibits obstreperous or hysterical avoidance behaviours 136. Pit and fissure sealants are indicated to prevent dental caries in pits and fissure: a. Primary . Positive resistance. d. In permanent teeth c.3rd Ed. Uncooperative. Newly erupted teeth. Can be poured 6-8 hours. Should be poured within 1 hour. A and b. A and b.c. *** 135. *** Sealants are also effective at preventing pit and fissure caries in primary teeth.6 cannot be modified by the more straightforward techniques. b. Deep Pits and fissure. Pits and fissure sealants are indicated in: a. (2005 Hand over mouth exercise is a technique for managing unsuitable behaviour that . but who . c.

*** c. or for those from a disadvantaged social background Children with extensive caries in their primary teeth should have all permanent molars sealed . (2005 The rationale for pit-and-fissure sealants in caries -4 :prevention is that they a. Act as a barrier between the sealed sites and the oral environment. Restore first and second molars with amalgam. The same susceptibility as teeth with full retained sealant 140. E.disabled. Increase the tooth resistance to dental caries. Year old patient all first molars carious and suspected pit and fissure areas of the second molars. C. . Restore all first molars and observe second molars. Occlusal caries affecting one or more first permanent molars indicates a need to seal the second permanent molars as soon as they have erupted sufficiently. Initially developed to prevent caries their use has . Restore all first molars and topical fluoride on second molars. Lower susceptibility than non sealed teeth. d. Pit and fissure sealants (sealants) have been described as materials which are applied in order to obliterate the fissures and remove the sheltered environment in which caries may thrive. Restore first and second molars with composite.2 . Restore all first molars and seal pits and fissures of second molars.3rd Ed. The same susceptibility to caries as teeth that have not been sealed b. *** d. or have learning difficulties. B. .   Any child with occlusal caries in one first permanent molar should have the fissures of the sound first permanent molars sealed. *** d. Higher susceptibility than non sealed teeth c. None of the above answers is correct. Treatment plan: a. Teeth that have lost pits and fissure sealant show… a. b.soon after their eruption (PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY . Have anti-microbial effect on the bacteria.been developed further and they now have a place in the treatment of caries 139.

Aphthous ulcer. Ulcer. increased time of etching b. 144. Pit &fissure least effective with: a. tweny-four month year b. contamination of oral saliva*** c.a) Pit and fissure . compared with herbes ulcer is: a. 145. Less response to stress. proper fissure sealant ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ 142. ulcers. d. disrupt barriers that provide protection against infections. More characteristic in histology.  Ulcerative STDs that cause sores. such as syphilis.C) Proximal surface D) …. 143.-7 *** . Erythematous reaction. Occur in lining mucosa. *** d.. primary molar c.:Most tooth surface affected by caries. salivary flow rate d. Bullae. Leaves scar. c. b. b.b) Root surface . c. or breaks in the skin or mucous membranes. Multiple vesicle. 2nd molar Procedure done before applying pit & fissure sealant: a.x 141. *** .Acid etch by phosphoric acid Success of pit & fissure sealants is affected mainly by: a. Syphilis first appearance: a.

 Initial exposure to the herpes simplex virus results in a generalized oral inflammation followed by vesicle formation and subsequent ulceration. All of the above. malignant neoplasm of epidermis or oral epithelium. *** b. Maximum coverage. Fluoride which we use in the clinic doesn’t cause fluorosis because: .Acid etch by phosphoric acid 146. c. It’s a diffuse. b. Management knifedge ridge in complete denture: a. *** b. Malignant. It is also known as an Ackerman tumor Dentistry-Perio_Endo_Lesions In combined endo-perio problem: a. Complete Dentures: a clinical manual for the general dental practitioner p. Start with periodontic IX 147. Wide occlusal label. Start with endodontic IX. Procedure done before applying pit & fissure -15 :sealant a.17 148. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 149. Benign. Reline with resilient material. non metastasizing. papillary. d. Verrucous carcinoma: a. well differentiated.

c. Fluid. 150. Caries consist of: a. It is not necessary to construct a post for each canal in a multi rooted . None vital tooth. b. Since all the tooth enamel (except for the wisdom teeth) forms before the age of six. c. Improper length allows a potential for root fracture. c. 152. d. only children six and under are susceptible to getting fluorosis. d. Post retention depends on: a. Post texture. A. b. c. A and c. b. Post length. 151. e.a. Diabetic PT. This guideline normally places the post approximately two-thirds into the root length. Post diameter. Fluorosis can happen only during the time that the enamel is forming on the teeth. A and b g. Teeth already calcified. Saliva wasn’t out. Fluorosis does not happen to any portion of the teeth that have already erupted. d. Improper holding by forceps. All of the above. f. Epithelial cells. Design of the preparation. b and c h. Core shape. It's not the same fluoride that cause fluorosis. Bacteria b. i. Calcium in the mouth counter. Tooth fracture during extraction may be occur due to: a. A.

H2o2 mouth wash.1. provided that the dominant root (i. e.Second Edition 155. .0—1.tooth.ceramic thickness is 1.7-2 . 156. Broad spectrum antibiotic. Silver. Epoxy resin 153. b.5 mm AH26 is root canal sealer consist of: . When you give a child a gift for good behavior this is called: a. d. Methenamine. Sozio. palatal root of maxillary . Systemic steroid. ZOE b.5 mm. D. Remove impression and repeat it.c.d during relining occlusal Rest was not seated: a. Negative reinforcement. b. DENTAL SECRETS .a. -All of the above.a. Methenamine AH 26 resin: Epoxy resin INDICATIONS Permanent obturation of root canals of teeth of the secondary dentition with or without the aid of . Titanium dioxide AH 26 silverfree.b.e.2-5 The necessary thickness of the metal is 0. powder: Bismuth oxide. PROSTHODONTICS . powder: Bismuth oxide. COMPOSITION AH 26. Positive reinforcement. In distal extension p. whereas the minimal .obturation points 154.M.5-2 . Heavy smokers..D :Amount of reduction in PFM crown-22 .Ralph B. c.1.molar) is used and proper length has been established Dental secrets –9. Hairy trichoglossia may be caused by: a.

Occlusal plane at lower lip. f. e. :Occlusal plane should be-30 g. Occlusal plane above tongue d. h. DB root appear mesial to P if cone is directed M to D. Same but wait 5-10 min and then put in sealed plastic bag Many parts of bones are originally cartilaginous that -27 :replaced by bone a. Occlusal plane below tongue.simple bone cyst . MB root appear distal to P if cone is directed M to D b. :After taking alginate impression -26 a. All of the above Pt come for check up. b. c. Wash with water and spray with sodium hydrochloride for 10 sec. Parallel to interpupillary line. i. None of the above. after radiograph u -31 see well circumscribe radiolucent area in related to mandibular molar & the periphery was radiopaque which not well defined :border the diagnosis is a. b. False. Parallel to ala tragus line. At least tongue is just above occlusal plane. j. :Buccal object role in dental treatment of maxillary teeth -28 a. no complaining. Continue and seat in after relining. Use impression compound. True. :Check biting in lower denture can occur if-29 c.b.

Globulomaxillary cyst .Scallopped border above inferior alveolar canal between -32 :roots of mandibular molars. ?Which cyst is not radiolucent-36 a. Osteoporosis. They tend to occur above the inferior . A radicular cyst. Invasion of furcation. Residual cyst b. None of the above. Radiographic diagnosis of a well-defined. Periodontal abcess. Periodontal cyst.a) solitary cyst . Mental foramen appear in radiograph as radiolucent round -34 :area to the area of a.b) aneurysmal bone cyst . c. unilocular-35 radiolucent. They may range from very small (<1 cm) to very large (involving most of the mandible). this lesion is . They do not displace teeth or resorb roots. The mental foramen c. c.alveolar canal ORAL RADIOLOGY 5th ed – page 321 :Radiographic radioulucency in the interradicular area-33 a. these lesions tend to appear as smoothly outlined radiolucencies that scallop around the roots of the teeth.(c) traumatic bone cyst(simple bone cyst This is the radiographic finding for the the trumatic bone cyst Radiographically. and the lamina dura is left intact. d. area between vital mandibular bicuspias is more :likely to be a. e. b. Mandibular incisors. Mandibular premolars b. Maxillary canine.

b. Pathology and Oral Medicine – page 149 Cyst growth :Several mechanisms are described for cyst growth.Dentigerous cyst b. e. d. Primordial cyst. Follicular cyst c. Osteomylitis of the mandible. slowly increasing . including epithelial proliferation • internal hydraulic pressure • .-37 radio opaque surrounded by radiolucent band a. Lateral periodontal cyst b." "Radilolgy. Nasopalatine cyst.Oral and Maxillofacial.Central :Cyst in x. Ameloblastoma.bone resorption • Which of the following lesions has more tendency to show-40 :well defined multilocular radiolucency a. Osteoma b. . d. Swelling in left of mandible.Radiolucent with bone expansion . Dentigerous cyst. Squamous cell carcinoma of jaw bones c. Surgery. Cementoblastoma Radiolucent are cover the pericornal part of the 3rd molar-38 :is a.2 MASTER DENTISTRY. Female .ray-39 . Ossifying fibro c.1 Radiolucent with bone resorption .

osteoradionecrosis. no complaining. first premolar clinically missing.:Intraosseous cyst in radiograph appears -41 . in X ray examination we found Radiolucent is cover the percoronal :part of the 3rd molar is Dentigerous cyst . b. In ost eomyelitis. after radiograph u -43 see well circumscribe radiolucent area in related to mandibular molar & the periphery was radiopaque which not :well defined border the diagnosis is simple bone cyst Radiographic diagnosis of bone destructive in the -44 :mandible without evidence of bone formation is a. Dental secrets – page 115 Malignant lesions destroy bone uniformly. e. Osteomyelitis.1 Pt come for check up. Malignancy c.multiradiolucent may or not expand to cortical bone/1 .a similar pattern Child 12 years old with swelling in the mandibular -42 premolars area. d.are not present in malignant lesions . Sequestra . Fracture. Fibro-osseous lesion.radiopaque may or not expand to cortical bone/2 .radiopaque may with resoption of cortical bone/4 Central intraosseous ameloblastomas may perforate bone and present .multiradiolucent may with resoption of cortical bone/3 . areas of radiographically normal-appearing bone are frequently seen between the areas of destruction.

He has a history of chronic alcoholism and was a heavy smoker. Acute osteomylitis b. he develops a painful ulcer in the alveolar mucosa in the treated area following minor trauma. c. The diagnosis is a. . Gerre. Osteoradionecrosis d. Ameloblastoma. He is treated by a partial mandibular resection with graft. c. Tours mandibularis. Chronic osteomylitis Osteoradionecrosis is more in -46 a: maxilla . b.s osteomylitis c. d.A 60-year-old man has been treated for a t2nom -45 osquamous cell carcinoma by radical radiotherapy. Hyperparathyroidism. His pain worsens and the bone became progressively exposed. Ricket disease. b. In radiographs. Six years after treatment. The following are multilocular radiolucencies in x-ray -49 :EXCEPT a. e. Genial tubercle. Remaining roots. Hematoma. which disease cause multiple -48 :radiolucencies a. Internal oplique ridge.b: mandible c: no difference Radiographic diagnosis of bilateral expansible radio -47 :opaque areas in the caninpremolar region of the mandible is a. Hypothyroidism.

subconjunctival . Radilolgy. None of the above. in which the tooth. Diagnosis a. c. MASTER DENTISTRY. Diagnosis a. Pathology and Oral Medicine Mobility in midface with step deformity in front zygomatic -51 :suture. restricted eye movements . years old male PT came with severe pain on chewing 20 -50 related to lower molars. Lefort III. no change in radiograph. c. Intraoral examination reveals no caries. Surgery.bearing part of the maxilla is detached Le Fort II or a pyramidal fracture of the maxilla involves the . good oral hygiene.with limited mouth open what is ur diagnosis A.lefort 3 c-zygomatic fracture Zygoma fracture: clinical flattening of the cheekbone prominence — paraesthesia in distribution area of infraorbital nerve — diplopia. Chronic apical abscess.of the skull Pt came with fracture because of blow in the right side of -52 his face. d. b. Lefort II.b.le fort 1 b. PT give :history of bridge cementation 3 days ago. Adenomatoid Odontogenic cyst. Pulp necrosis. Myxoma. he has ecchymosis around the orbit in the right side only . d. Acute apical periodontitis. Bilateral zygomatic complex fracture Le Fort I is the lowest level of fracture. c.nasal bones and infraorbital rims Le Fort III involves the nasal bones and zygomatic-frontal sutures and the whole of the maxilla is detached from the base .and subjunctional bleeding in the maxillary buccal ?vestible . Odontogenic keratocyst.Oral and Maxillofacial. b.lofort 2 c.

Overlap of bone . New bone and connective tissue formation. New attachment.movements . Occlusal force. Long junctional epithelium. All of the above.haemorrhage . c. Tendency to bleed on gentle probing.Fluid paranasal .4 :After scaling and root planning healing occur by -56 a. f.Suture . d. Depth. Oxford 118 Periodontal pocket differ most significantly from gingival -56 :pocket with respect to a.limited lateral excursions of mandibular . h. . -57 :the least correct reason is e. New attached periodontal ligament fibers.………2 . Dental decks – page 266 During examination 34 show gingival recession buccally. b.3 .All the above .1 . The location of the bone of the pocket.– -54 ?ray . c. Pt is right hand brushee. d. b.palpable step in infraorbital bony margin Open bite is seen in -53 a: lefort 2 b: unilateral condyle fracture c: bilateral condyle fracture what is the first sign if there is fracture in the face in x. Frenum attachment. g. Inadequate gingival.

d.b.1-2 mg c. Pockets > 2 mm can occur in chronic gingivitis due to an increase in gingival size because of oedema or hyperplasia . .c. Flush terminal.((false pockets All of these are right ways to handle the instrument -57 . but this may often be slowly reduced to a maintenance dose of 15 mg daily or thereabouts : Amalgam is used in extensive cavities -59 a. inflammation of the gingival tissues. 5th Edition – page 132 Very high dosages are used initially to suppress bulla formation (of the order of 1 mg/kg prednisolone daily).When the cusp is supported by dentine and proper retentive preparation .100 mg hydrocortisone Tyldesley's Oral Medicine.……… EXCEPT A.When one cusp is lost and need to apply restoration to . as the name suggests.When Cusps lost and thin supported wall c.Inverted pen .Palm and thumb The right corticosteroid daily dose for pemphigus vulgaris -58 :is a.Modified pen handle b.Chronic gingivitis is.replace it :In primary teeth.10 mg .Pen handle d. The ideal occlusal scheme is -59 d. It is not associated with alveolar bone resorption or apical migration of the junctional epithelium.50.1-2 g/kg/daily b.

_______________________________________________________________ _ 157.e. 1/3 inter cuspal distance. Distal step. Leiomyosarcoma. 2/3 inter cuspal distance.a-flush terminal plane b-mesial step terminal plane c-end d-distal The most common type of malignant bone tumor of the -61 :jaws is a. In cavity preparation. the width of the cavity is: a. b. d. c. 1/2 inter cuspal distance. *** c. Pit &fissure least effective with: 1/tweny-four month year 2/primary molar 3/2nd molar 160.Buccal object role in dental treatment of maxillary teeth: a. . Osteochondrosarcoma. 23. b. f. Mesial step. Chondrosarcoma. 158. MB root appear distal to P if cone is directed M to D. The most prevalent primary molar relationship-60 . Success of pit & fissure sealants is affected mainly by: 1)increased time of etching 2) contamination of oral saliva*** 3) salivary flow rate 4) proper fissure sealant 159. Osteosarcoma.

*** 162.A) Paget’s disease 33 years old female PT come with slow growing swelling in the angle of the mandible..B) osteosarcoma C) acute osteomyelitis The x ray show scattered radiopaque line in the mandible jaw. Cementoblatoma.Osteosarcoma . B. during examination you notice nothing. b. DB root appear mesial to P if cone is directed M to D. 163. on xray the right side of the mandible has a radiolucency with a radiopaque border that resembles the sunshine rays.b.Garres syndrome C. Osteosarcoma. c. the diagnosis will be:???? A.Paget disease 164. Patient came to your clinic with severe pain.Fibrous dysplasia D. but when the patient stand you notice that his legs bowing (curved). What you suspect: *** . Patient comes to your clinic complaining that the denture become tight. 161. Osteoma. Radiograph show radio-opaque with radio-lucent border diagnosis: a. Your diagnosis is : A) ossifying fibroma *** .

any restriction of movement and subconjunctival haemorrhage. . a step in the occlusion. bruising and lacerations are noted together with any areas of altered sensation that may have resulted because of damage to branches of the trigeminal nerve. fractured or displaced teeth. as this is an important feature of a fracture of the base of the skull. PT with lower complete denture. Swelling. and the other noting any movement at extra-oral sites such as nasal.Oral and Maxillofacial. An intraoral examination is then carried out. It is by: c. The stability of the maxilla is checked by bimanual palpation.:‫السؤال غير واضح ولذلك يمكن اختيار ما يأتي من خيارات من الفقرات السابقة والفقرة التالية‬ MASTER DENTISTRY. Pathology and Oral Medicine The eyes are examined for double vision (diplopia). Radilolgy.zygomatic-frontal and infraorbital 165. . Immediate surgical removal. intraoral examination show with slightly elevated lesion with confirmed border. Any evidence of cerebrospinal fluid leaking from the nose or ears is noted. lacerations and bruises. one hand attempting to mobilise the maxilla by grasping it from an intra-oral approach. PT history of ill fitting denture. The condyles of the mandible are palpated and movements of the mandible checked. looking particularly for alterations to the occlusion. Surgery.

Occlusal rim with nacial frame. q. *** 2. Ask PT to swallow and close. *** e. j. Reassure PT and no need for treatment. Special impression technique is required. To obtain the occlusal plane. *** " Questions and Answers" :‫المرجع‬ . *** p. 168.‫استخدام طريقة الضغط النتقائي‬ ‫تسميك الشمع وتثقيب الطايع‬ 167. To obtain the protrusive condylar guidance. *** g. In recording jaw relation. pulp tissue will: . 4. o.d. False. face low transfer. Ask PT to place tip of tongue in posterior area and close. True. Inform the PT that retention of denture will decrease. :The goal of construction of occlusion rims is-32 1. Upon examination of alveolar ridge of elderly PT for construction of lower denture easily displaceable tissue is seen in the crest of ridge. support and :retention related to the ridge f. Occlusal rim with record base. Examination of residual ridge for edentulous PT before-2 construction of denture determine stability. tentative centric relation. Occlusal rim with base wax. By aging. Minor surgery is needed. To wet his lip and tongue. best to use: k. Instruct PT not to use denture for 3 weeks then follow up. To recheck centric relation in complete denture: n. 3. vertical dimension. placement of the teeth. All of the above. 169. m. Management: h. 166. To obtain the lateral condylar posts and incisal guide. i. *** ‫الرتفاع الشمعي‬ l. None.

52. storage. All of the above. A periapical radiographs. Autoclave. 1. *** 174. b. Complete blood count "CBC" is a laboratory test important in dentistry: u. In class I partially edentulous lower arch. b. 4. Autoclave. Proper clinical examination. drying. The role of good sterilization: Washing. Dry heat sterilization. *** d. Result of pulp vitality test. storage.‫الكحولي‬ a. Mandibular tori. selection of major connector depend on: Height of lingual attachment. True. All of the above. c. 3. Periodontal condition of remaining teeth. Which of the following may be used to disinfect gutta percha points a. False. b. Autoclave. d. inspection. Boiling b. *** 173.r. ‫" ذكر ضرورته قبل الجراحة عند مرضى اليدز والمعالجين كيماويا والتهاب الكبد‬Dental secrets" ً . 172. Increase cellularity and vascularity. s. drying. d. c. Boiling. Most convenient and effective form of sterilization of dental instruments: a. Chemical solutions. e. . Decrease in collagen fibers. Diagnosis prior to RCT should always be based on: Good medical and dental history. drying. 2. storage. autoclave. *** 171. Decrease in size. c. *** ‫الصح‬ v. *** Inspection.‫يتراكم العاج الثانوي على جدران القناة اللبية‬ 170. *** . t. autoclave. Autoclave is enough. a.

*** breaks the protein cell membrane at very high temp ‫هناك اختلف بين آخر سؤالين، يعني في حرارة أقل أم في وقت أقصر؟؟؟‬ 178. No response to percussion and palpation test.Initial cleaning. b. *** 176.membrane AUTOCLAVE PRINCIPLE: causes dullness. None of the above. Reduction of the size of the periapical lesion. cleaning. *** c. storage *** 175.Protocol of sterilization . d. The radiographic criteria used for evaluating the successes of endodontic therapy a. None of the above. Extension of the sealer cement through lateral canals. c. the fourth canal is likely found: a. In the palatal root. In the mesio-buccal root. 180. Autoclave relative to 100f dry oven a)the same time b)slightly higher time c)considerable higher time d)less time. If the maxillary first molar is found to have four. 53. d. sterilization. *** b.A) Autoclave 177. inspection . . Breaks the protein cell membrane at moderately low temp. What is the type of sterizliation applied on ligation/fixation wires *** . 179. In the disto-buccal root. Why the moisture heat sterilization is better than dry heat sterilization A) makes the instruments less rusty and blunt B) needs more time and affects the proteins of the cell membrane C) needs less time and affects the proteins of the cell *** .

If the source of periapical irritation is removed. Compensate any defect in the preparation equally by porcelain and metal substructure. Pulp involvement. . Supraocclusion. *** b. b. d. d. c. Full crown. A and c are correct. e. 183. The accesses opening for a maxillary premolar is most frequently: a.181. None of the above. Onlay. Triangular. b. c. 3/4 crown. c. *** g. f. Avoid sharp or acute angles in the metal structure. What is the basis for current endodontic therapy of a periapical lesion: a. *** d.‫مقاومة الخزف للكسر تتأمن بسماكة كافية له على حساب المعدن وبعدم وجود زوايا حادة‬ Endodontically treated 2nd maxillary premolar with moderate M & D caries is best restored by: a. To enhance strength properties of ceramo metal restoration. Strong intracanal medications are required to sterilized the canal and periapical area to promote healing. Reduction in amalgam restoration should be: 184. d. Periapical lesions. . 182. especially apical cyst. Gingival recession. *** b. Porcelain should be of uniform thickness and any defect of the preparation should be compensated by the metal substructure. Square. PT come with pain related to it after 1 month due to: a. Oval. the ppotential for periapical healing is good. it is important to: a. MOD amalgam restoration with deep mesial box. Amalgam. c. 186. must be treated by surgical intervention. *** c. ‫التروية الغنية تكفي‬ b. Due to rich collateral circulation system. d. Build up thick layer of porcelain. the perpical area usually heals despite the condition of the root canal. Upon contact. B and d are correct. A and b are correct. 185.

188. d. True. b. False. 1-1. Destruction of RBC may cause anemia and it is due to defect in cell membrane: ‫تخرب كريات الدم الحمراء‬ a. c. After RCT. Under light. False. 3 and 4 are correct. c. c. 1. 1 and 2 are correct. 187. 4. 1. *** 191. *** 2-3 mm. Can be due to the presence of a nutrient vessel. 3. for insertion of post dowel: a. b. 2. True.a. Is always favorable if it is primary type. O2 is decreased in oral mucosa: ‫فقر‬ ‫الدم المنجلي‬ a.75 to 2 mm (because of its " "(lack of compressive strength 1. b. 193. False. 2 and 3 are correct. d.5-2 mm. Immunofluorecent test and biopsy are used to diagnosis pemphigus: ‫اختبار التألق المناعي والخزع يستخدم لتشخيص الفقاع‬ a. *** b.5 mm. *** b. In sickle cell anemia. HBV can be transmitted by transplacental: ‫المشيمة‬ a. 190. Art and science of operative dentistry 2000 – page 659 it must have a minimum thickness of 0. Post applied pressure. a. 3-5 mm. False. Insert it without pressure but with retention. 189. *** b. True. . 192. 1. *** All are correct. Bleeding of the socket following tooth extraction: Is always a capillary bleeding in nature. *** b. Selection of shade for composite is done: a. Takes not less than half – day in normal individual. True. Post should be lose.

None of the above. *** b. Remove and leave to heal. 199. Streptococcus anaerobius. *** ‫ردها إلى مكانها وخياطتها‬ b. *** ‫اختيار اللون يكون بالضوء الطبيعي وبوجود اللعاب. True. 196.‫يكون المريض في وسط معتم أو مضيء‬ 194. c. Aerobic. d. d. Bacteria in root canal a) mixed**** b) anaerobes obligatory c) aerobes only 198. c. If the tuberosity is fractured but intact. After drying tooth and isolation with rubber dam. *** Single obligate anaerobe. Measuring blood pressure is one of vital signs important in medical compromised: a. None of the above. c.b. False. a. b. *** b. it should be manuallyrepositioned and stabilized by sutures Dental decks 1954 Microbial virulent produced by root bacteria is collagenase from spirochete: ‫الذيفان الجرثومي في القناة هو‬ ‫كولجيناز من الملتويات‬ a. Bacteria in root canal pathosis: Mixed anaerobe and aerobe. True. توضع قطنة وتلحظ التغيرات في لون السن عندما‬ . c. 195. 197. Management of tuberosity fracture during extraction of maxillary molar is: a. . Bacteria in endodontic pathois mostly is: a. Replace and suture. False. Streptococcus mutans. Porphyromonas endodontalis obligate anacrobe: *** ‫لهوائية مجبرة‬ b. Remove and suture with primary heal. Replace and suture intra alveolar by wire.

To resist lateral chewing movement. Use of miswak and toothbrush: a. For thermal isolation. ‫العضلة ذات البطنين‬ d. Calcium hydroxide is used in deep cavity because it is: a. Not irritant to the pulp. Occlusal rest function: ‫مو متأكدة‬ a. Geniohyoid muscle. Toothbrush after meals and miswak at prayer time and when out of home. Mylohyoid muscle. In post and core preparation must: . Because bacteria isolated from root canals are usually a subgroup of the bacteria found in the sulcus or periodontal pockets. Miswak and toothbrush must be used together. c. To resist vertical forces. *** b.‫السمنت، أما ماءات الكالسيوم فتحرض على انتاج العاج الثانوي وتؤمن العزل الكيميائي‬ 201. *** b. Use the miswak only when they can not afford to buy the toothbrush and toothpaste. Simulate formation of 2nd dentine. b. ‫بالواقع تحدث ماءات الكالسيوم تموت صغير في الجهة المقابلة من اللب، كما أن العزل الحراري هو مهمة‬ . over 90% of the bacteria were strict anaerobes. Digastric muscle. Not use the miswak and use the toothbrush instead. b. Oral diaphragm consist mainly of: ‫الحجاب الفموي‬ ‫))قاع الفم‬ a. c.Dental pulp 2002 – page 294 When intact teeth with necrotic pulps were cultured. Tongue.sulcus is the source of bacteria in root canal infections 200. ‫الذقنية اللمية‬ c.‫وظيفة الضمات مقاومة القوى العمودية‬ 204. Stability. *** c. d. 202. it is believed that the . . Retention. d. *** ‫الضرسية اللمية‬ 203.

b. None of the above. Extend of temporalis behind infratemporal fossa of temporal bone insert in coronoid process: ‫المتداد الصدغي خلف الحفرة تحت الصدغ للعظم الصدغي يدخل في الناتئ‬ ‫الكليلني‬ a. True. A & d. *** c. Acute periodontal abscess: a. Swelling enlargement in tooth site. ‫العضلة الماضغة تمتد من القوس الوجني إلى جسم الرأد‬ ‫وزاويته‬ a. 209. PT complains from moderate pain. 205. True. ‫الخراج المزمن يترافق مع ناسور وتصريف للقيح ويبدي ألم خفيف بالقرع ول يترافق مع بوليب أو مرجل‬ .‫بالحجرة اللبية‬ 206. b.D: ‫الحاجز المطاطي‬ a. *** A & b. Take same shape of natural tooth. Only 4 contacts 2 mesial and 2 distal. . b.a. *** b. g. . Take shape of preparation abutment. Fistula with drain. False. d. *** c. D & c. f.‫القلب المعدني يمتد لنهاية حواف السن المحضر ويأخذ شكل الدعامة‬ In placement of R. Extend to full length tooth preparation. ‫ممكن كتف معكوس أو شطب معكوس‬ b. c. Pulp polyp in open coronal carious lesion. Chronic suppurative periodontitis: ‫التهاب النسج‬ ‫حول السنية القيحي المزمن‬ a. 207. *** c. h. *** b. False. Fistula present. Only 4 contacts 2 lingual surface and 2 buccal surface. 208. B & c. 4 jaw contact in teeth. Masseter muscle extends from lower of border zygomatic arch to lateral border of ramus and angel mandible. e. Extend to contrabevel.

212. *** b. Upon giving a lower mandible anaesthesia. *** none of the above 211. True. b. b. flat bone by intramembranous ossification and some bone by endochondral and intramembranous ossification: ‫داخل الغضروف وداخل‬ ‫الغشاء‬ a. 210. *** b. Mandible formed before frontal bone: a. 2. Maxilla is formed before mandible same with mandible slightly after mandible. False. *** ‫تتشكل الترقوة قبل الفك السفلي‬ ‫أما العظم الجبهي‬ 213. Masseter muscle. False. a. Facial nerve supply: a. Temoralis muscle. 214. Some bone are formed by endochondral ossification like long bone. Mylohyoid muscle. *** b. you notice the patient’s eye. c. Buccinator muscle. True. True.Main arterial supply in face is facial artery and superficial temporal artery: a.A) paresthesia of the Facial Nerve 215. False. cheek corner of the lip are uncontrolled . d. b. c. *** d. what’s the reason : *** . Mandible is the 1st bone calcified in skull but clavicle start first but in same embryological time: ‫الترقوة‬ a. . False. True.

Lymphocytics. Facial nerve problem. b.this may indicate: a. Cell of chronic inflammation: a. Permeability of dentine: ‫نفوذية‬ a. B. symmetrically smile or evert his lower lip. 5.decreases with the increase of cavity preparation -1 . Muscle of facial expression are all innervated by facial nerve: a. False. ‫العدلت‬ . True. False. Trochlear nerve problem. Allow bacteria to go in. C.Increase when sclerotic dentin develops under a carious lesion -2 . Trigeminal nerve problem. While performing cranial nerve examination you notice that the patient is unable to raise his eyebrows. *** ‫اللمفاويات‬ b. Decrease by smear layer. D. *** b.216. Dentin permeability . 3. *** c. ‫متعددات النوى‬ c.Increase with smear layer -3 Bacterial toxins can pass through before the actual -4 *** . *** b. All of the above. 217.penetration of bacteria Art & Science :Dentin permeability increase with the increase of cavity preparation decrease when sclerotic dentin develops under a carious lesion decrease with smear layer 4.. Neutrophils. E. Oculomotor nerve problem. Bacterial product go through it. PMN. True. Tooth brushing and dental floss help in community prevention of periodontal disease: a. hold eyelids closed.

‫متصلب بنفوذية أقل‬ ‫العاج الترميمي يتشكل عند انكشاف اللب ولمادة التغطية دور مهم في تشكيله، أما الثانوي فهو العاج المتراكم‬ . b. Do clinical examination. Reparative dentine: ‫الترميمي‬ a.6. ‫أنبوبي‬ d. Same like secondary dentine. Highly tubular dentine and it is detective from 1st dentine. Formed as dentine Bridge above the pulp. Happen as site if irritation. Increase blood preasure. *** "Dental pulp 2002 " :‫المرجع‬ ‫التموت غير ردود، وفيما يخص التغطية بماءات الكالسيوم فالتموتات محدودة باللب القريب من النكشاف ثم‬ . *** After patient came to your clinic and gave an extended history and : complain. 2nd dentine. Necrosis of pulp due to hyperoxia and anaryxia.A) Clinical examination B) Start the treatment C) Radiographic examination 7. a.‫في حجرة اللب مع الزمن ومع وجود النخر وفي حالة التغطية غير المباشرة‬ 9. b. Microabscess on vital pulp: start necrosis of small part and sequela of destruction cycle and full repair: ‫الخراجات المجهرية باللب الحي‬ ‫تبدأ بتموت أجزاء صغيرة ثم دورات من عقابيل التخرب والشفاء التام‬ a. Dentist must: Treat PT medically. False. b.‫يتشكل جسر عاجي‬ . Decrease tissue fluid by decompression of blood vessel. True. b. *** c. take medical history and evaluate the medical state. Physiological reaction of edema on vital pulp: ‫وذمة أو احتقان‬ a. Sclerosing dentine with less permeability. Prescribe medication to Pt with medical problem. what’s your next step in treatment *** . *** 8. b. c. ‫نقص أكسجة و؟‬ 10. Reparative dentine: a. *** c.

False. *** 13. True. 12. Cementum contain cell like bone.B) Hypocalcification . b. But in non vital tooth. *** b.d)Xerostomia :the best definition to odontoblast -27 *** ……a. It is yellow in color in vital. Development of maxillary process and medial frontal process in medial elongation of central portion: a. its color is dark: a. True. False.It ‘s subjacent to predentine.wikipedia. extracted or avulsed tooth. Amalgam tattoo is an oral pigmentation lesion: ‫تصبغ‬ a.11.org/wiki/Pulp_(tooth Odontoblastic layer. odontoblastic process b.C) Smoking :Q.Odontoblast cell is more in the cellular pulp than radicular (http://en.Incipient caries in the old patients is MOSTLY due to a)smoking b)saliva *** . *** b. False. : what is the most factor encouraging dental caries (382 *** . outermost layer which contains odontoblasts and lies next to the predentin and mature dentin .A) Xerostomia . True.

Axial fatigue ‫آخر احساس يختفي عندما نعطي تخدير موضعي‬ A-pain *** .sense Applied to tongue bitter taste is lost first. *** 219. All of the above. Class III jaw relation in edentulous PT: ‫مو متأكدة‬ x. . temperature.1 1. Compound. bb.scribd. cc.Rigidity b.during making filing by Ni/Ti it gets fractured due the property -50 :of … & a.com/doc/17106080/Local-Anesthetics . ‫الصح‬ In recording man-max relation.b-deep pressure c-temperature http://www. followed by sweet & sour. 218. Affect retention of lower denture. deep pressure .Both sensory & motor nerves are equally sensitive Order of pain blockade is pain. It will affect size of maxillary teeth. Affect esthetic and arrangement of maxillary denture. touch. A temporary form representing the base of a denture which is used for making maxillo-manibular (jaw) relative record for arranging teeth or for trail insertion in the mouth is: ‫مو متأكدة‬ . y. Bite registration paste (zinc oxide & eugenol paste). z.Bite rims . and salty taste is lost last of all w. Wax.the best material used without producing pressure is: ‫ماعرفت‬ ‫الجواب‬ aa.

b..Custom tray . 2. Sweet. Waxing not covering all crown prep. Cold. Most commonly. d.2 *** .3 . Contact free area. Bad oral hygiene. All of the above. 222. d.Set up . Complain from pain with: ‫مو متأكدة‬ a. d. posterior class I composite is done in: ‫مو متأكدة‬ a. 38-irrigation solution for RCT cause protein coagulation is: ‫مو متأكدة‬ 1. Crown with open margin can be due to: ‫مو متأكدة‬ a. b. Type of autoclave used ‫ماعرفت الجواب‬ a-hot oven outoclave b-class b autuclave c-class s autoclave d-class d autoclave 220. *** c. e. Putting die space on finishing line. after placement of amalgam restoration PT. *** 4-None of the above. Over contouring of crown prevent seating during insertion. *** . Galvanic shock.4 1. Occlusal pressure. c. ‫تشميع ل يتناول كل تحضير التاج‬ c.Iodine potassium. 14. Subgingival box.Sodium hypochlorite. *** b.<< H2O2 ‫ هو اللي يعمل‬PROTEIN COAGULATION 221. Hot. When esthetic is important. Class I without central contact. 3-Formocresol.Base plate .

how to manage the extracted tooth: ‫مو واضحه الجابات‬ 1.Superior border of lingual sulcus . True.مو متأكدة‬Q 90 -non odontogenic Lesion similar to Endo Lesion a-Hyperparathyroidism *** . *** 4. ‫ اقرب جواب << لزم نرميها في‬DARK COTAINER WITH SOLUTION ‫عشان ذرات الزئبق الزيادة مايلوث جو العيادة‬ The test for testing the bur all the blades of the burs path through 1 point called ‫ ماعرفت الجواب‬ronted. 2.……………ALL OF THE ABOVE ‫اختيار الوصلة الرئيسية يعتمد على ارتفاع الميزاب من حدوده السفلية إلى العلوية، أي الخيارين‬ 16 – You extract tooth with large amalgam restoration. *** ‫: مو متأكدة‬to design a lingual bar we should determine -28 a.15.1 constidty 2 routed and constedety 2 none of above ‫ << مو واضحة الجابات‬The kind of on lay wax used in cast braffiene 1 <<<<<2 <<<<<3 ‫: . Ordinary waste container. Sharp container. Office container. Autoclave and deep buried.……c. 3. b.b-initial stage of cemental dysplasia c-ossifying Fibroma . Oral and perioral cyst formed from epithelial rest of serres: ‫مو متأكدة‬ a. False.The inferior border of lingual sulcus b..

b. The primary direction for spread of infection in the mandible is to submental lymph node: ‫إلى تحت الذقن‬ a. (70% inorganic by volume).f /2 16. 43% organic by wgt. after 5 year he complain of ulcer and ‫: ماعرفت الجواب‬inflammation in lower buccal vestibule.** b. wt is the Dx hypertrophic frenum/1 epulis .%10 17. (20% organic by volume). (13% water by volume). Irreversible pulpitis. 60-65 inorganic by wgt . sublingual. c. c. Galvanic action. True. ‫بالحجم يتكون العاج من هيدروكسي أباتايت 07% ومواد عضوية 02% وماء ومواد أخرى‬ .d-Dentigeaus cyst e-ameLobLastoma f-Lateral periodontal cyst j-myxoma & Hemangieoma Pt have denture. Reversible pulpitis. Dentine composition: a. False. d. 7 days after amalgam restoration Pt came complaining of pain during putting spoon on the restored tooth because: a. 25% water by wgt. *** . *** b. and submandibular spaces) 18. **(The three primary spaces are the submental. Broken amalgam.

Make the tooth form good at gingival one fifth. . to prevent future gingival recession: a.‫عموما تختار أسنان الجهزة الكاملة بشكل يتناسب مع الصلية قبل قلعها‬ 21. *** both can infect humans . False.) (SARS 20. hepatitis C . In full gold crown. True. Artificial teeth best to be selected by: a.when two metallic restorations are placed close to each other) in an electrically conducting medium like saliva . *** 19. Subgingival scaling and root planning is done by: a. Paraesthesia of lower lip after surgical removal of lower 8 is due to the irritation of inferior alveolar nerve: a. Gracey Curette. b. Preextraction cord. ‫إزميل‬ (hoe . *** c. chisel = supragingival) 23. *** b. Postextraction cord. a galvanic (current will happen which causes discomfort to the patient Filling amalgam in the first madibular molar when touch the-21 :spoon there is a pain the reason is 1. *** b. Galvanic action. b. *** b. ‫مجرفة‬ c. 22. Hoe. . Make the tooth form good at gingival one third. example : influenza . Make the tooth form good at gingival one half. False. True. DNA only infect human but RNA doesn't infect human: a. Chisel.

True. *** b. *** b. 29. True. Multiple missing teeth. ** (GI has a continuous release of fluoride because it reabsorbs it from the saliva but compomer has a limited release of fluoride). *** ‫صحية‬ c. Compomer release fluoride as GI: a. 28. Saddle. *** b. False. Diagnosis is: a.24. True. False. Reversible pulpitis (hyperemia). True. Barbed broach in endodontic is used for pulp examination in straight canals: a. False. Best pontic is: a. Hygiene. 27. ‫محيطة بالسنخ‬ b. Single tooth missing. ‫سرجية‬ 30. *** b. The aim of conditioning agent on dentine before GI cement is to remove smear layer: a. 25. Fixed partial prosthesis is more successful in: a. *** . b. Fluoride decrease dental caries by remineralization of enamel: a. 26. False. Ridge lap. PT feel pain of short duration after class II restoration.

c. c.b. Microfilled + fine filler. leakage. Periodontitis. Radiotherapy increase caries by decreasing salivary secration: a. 33. Inorganic materials. c. EXCEPT wear resistance and surface roughness. Hybrid + rough filler. 31. Dental plaque composed mainly of: a.decay The problem with microfilled composites is the low percentage filler (40–50%). Irreversible pulpitis. *** (hybrids are more resistant to wear than the conventional macrofilled) Clinical Aspects of Dental Materials Theory. Macrofills were used before dentinal bonding systems were developed. Practice. Bacteria. True. Macroflled + rough filler. Excessive wear when used for Class I and II restorations limited their posterior use. IV. and recurrent . b. The surface area of the very small filler particles requires much more resin to wet the surface of . of macrofilled composites are adequate for Class III. Composite for posterior teeth: a. and V restorations. False. and (Cases (3rd Ed 2009 The strength and other physical properties. 32. *** b. *** b. Food. placing them in posterior teeth resulted in postoperative sensitivity.

Paste. a veneer of sorts. ‫القذالي‬ 36. Clinical research has shown Class V microfill composite restorations are more likely to be retained . 35. is a microfilled composite selected for . Parietal bone. Check bite of retainer by: ?? a. *** b. such as an extensive Class IV restoration.than other composite materials Hybrid composites are very popular. Parotid duct opens opposite in 2ndMandibular molars: ‫القناة‬ ‫النكفية‬ . Impression. Occipital bone. they are also used for Class III and IV . Mastoid process is a part of: ‫الناتئ الخشائي‬ a.the filler particles. *** ‫الصدغي‬ b. Large composite restorations.surface luster Microfilled composites are also used in Class V restorations at the cemento–enamel junction.increased coefficient of thermal expansion and lower strength Microfilled composites were used when esthetics are the dominant concern. Microfills have a lower modulus of elasticity and flex with the tooth better than the strongest composite materials. their strength and abrasion resistance are acceptable for small to medium Class I and II restorations. Temporal bone.restorations 34. The first layers to be placed are a hybrid composite selected for strength. The final layer. thus. are built in layers of several different shades and translucencies. ‫الجداري‬ c. This high resin content results in an . Their surface finish is nearly as good as that of microfills.

Palatal maxillray process &Ethmoid bone B. Palatal maxillary process & Temporal bone 39. Selection of type of major connector in partial denture is determined: a. b. The most important microorganism in dental caries is: a. During bite registration.‫المعيار الساسي في قرار بدء المعالجة اللبية هو التشخيص المناسب‬ 41. *** . Palatine and maxillary bone. ***‫العقدية الطافرة‬ b. . ‫الملتويات‬ 40. *** c.Palatal maxillary process & Palatine bone D. Spirochaeta. ‫الوتدي‬ b. ‫الوجني‬ 38. ‫اللعابية‬ c. Palatal maxillary process & Sphenoid bone *** . Streptococcus mutans. False. Palatine and zygomatic bone. Hard palate consists of the following: A. Establishing the pain. Palatine and sphenoid bone. b. Emergency endodontic should not be started before: a. Establishing the diagnosis.C. True. c. Check restorability of the tooth. Palate consists of: a. During examination. Streptococcus salivarius. *** c.a. b. *** (opens opposite the maxillary second molar) 37. During diagnosis and planning.

Lymphocyst. b. Nerve impulse stops when injection local anesthesia: a. *** 46. ***‫ورم ليفي‬ e. The most prominent cell in acute inflammation is: ‫أبرز خلية‬ a. Lipoma. b. c. f. PMN. 44. True. *** b. 45. Local anesthetics work to block nerve conduction by reducing) (the influx of sodium ions into the nerve cytoplasm c. 15% fluoric acid. ‫من كتاب الطفال‬ 43. True. for composite restoration use: a. False. True. Flat bone grow by endochondral ossification: a.. *** b. The most common benign tumor in oral cavity is: d. *** b.42. White polycarbonate are temporary crowns used for anterior teeth: a.( long bone ossification is endochondral . False. Fibroma. *** Flat bone ossification is intramembranous (no cartilage) . 37% phosphoric acid. 3% sulfuric acid. Papilloma. and) . For etching 15 sec. c. Plasma cell. False.

Radiopacity at the apex of a tooth with chronic pulpitis: ‫الظللية‬ a. *** b. "Endodontics Problem solving in clinical practice 2002" :‫المرجع‬ ( this canal is present in 45% of cases and is usually missed) 50. Perapicalgranuloma.‫ورم حبيبي‬ 49. Oval. Radiograph. c. b. Clinical examination. True. The access opening in lower incisor: a. Round. Triangular. Acute periapical cyst and acute periodontal cyst are differentiated by: ?? a.47. Acuteperiapical abscess associated with . *** b. Extra canal if present in mandibular incisor will be: a. 52. False. Pulp chamber in lower 1st molar is mesially located: a. "Endodontics Problem solving in clinical practice 2002" :‫المرجع‬ 48. Vitality test. c. Distal.‫سوء التنسج‬ c. Condensing osteitis (a focal sclerosingosteomyelitis). *** b. Cementaldysplasia. *** apex of triangle towards the thecingulum area and base of) (triangle towards incisal edge 51. Lingual. *** b.

53. b. A and d f. e. Universal 90 not offset. Pus discharge. c. Palatally. Remove it as soon as possible. None of the above. Buccally. Follow the Pt for 3 months. The most common cause of endodontic pathosis is bacteria: a. b and c.19 a. Leave it and inform the Pt. Gracey has one cutting edge while universal has two.e g. Distally. d. If tooth or root is pushed during surgical extraction into max sinus: a. Difference between Gracey and universal curette: a. *** b. (althoughradiographically it looks straight) 55. 56. c. b. c and d. 54.c . Mesial posterior b. Swelling. Widening of PDL. True. Gracey Used for cutting in specific area while universal is in any area.a. Distal posterior … . B. Palatal canal in upper molars is curved: a. *** c. c. False. d. Section of gracey is hemicircular and in universal triangular. *** b. *** b. ( but text books say the angle of gracey is 70 degrees not 60) Gracey 13/14 . A. gracey 60 offset.

Thick opaque. Thin metal framework. None of the above. False. rinsing with fluoride mouthwash. Improper centric relation. Shallow preparation in marginal ridge. b. *** g. e. *** 58. Relining. True.57. Radiopacity attached to root of mandibular molar: a. Hypercementosis. 59. then no need to put pit and fissure in his permanent teeth: a. the cause: a. . f. Rebasing. Ossifying fibroma. *** c. b. Complete denture poorly fit and inadequate interocclusal relation: d. Extension of rest to central fossa. using toothbrush with fluoride. Person drinking fluoridated water. 60. Periapicalcemental dysplasia. Bridge return to dentist from lab with different degree of color although the shade is the same. b. New denture. c. Cause of fracture of occlusal rest: a. *** b. 223. Different thickness of porcelain. *** c.

45 sec. *** b. *** b. 63. Amalgam. 20 sec. b. 62. Atlas. Light curing time for simple shallow class III composite: a.61. Time of curing of dentine: a. 65. Glass ionomer. c. The 1st cervical vertebrae is: ‫فقرة رقبية‬ a. Rampant caries in adult in anterior teeth restored by: a. *** . c. 10 sec. *** d. 60 sec. Preventive measure. 66. b. b. Amalgam feeling. 10 sec. c. 15 sec. Keep under observation. Axis. Small caries confined to enamel: a. ZOE. 30 sec. 15 sec. 64. 60 sec. c. 15 sec. c. Most of dentine bonding material need conditioning time: a. *** b. 30 sec. d.

A second application of cavity varnish is placed over the) first to thoroughly coat the surfaces of the dentin and fill any voids from bubbles created when the first (application dries 70. b. Four layer. 68. True. d.‫الفقاع‬ etiology is unknown . Cavity varnish should be applied at least in: a. Two layer. Diabetes. Diabetes. The nerve which supply the tongue and may be anesthetized during nerve block injection: a. Psoriasis. Iron deficiency. *** . IX. V. d. XII. Pemphigus. d. c. One layer. and some cases with anemia and (diabetes :Geographic tongue is always accompanied in patient with-10 a. *** c. Three layer. however cases have been associated) with mostly psoriasis . VII c. Cartilaginous joints in the body affect bone growth: a. Geographic tongue is seen in Pt with: a. Iron deficiency anemia. b. *** b. b. *** c. *** b.67. 69. False. Erythema multiform.

A 21 years old patient who has iron deficiency anemia. Learning disability. Seizure. Geographical tongue B. Burning mouth syndrome C. 74. c. Diabetic patient 72. examination of residential ridge help to: a. with examination of barium sulphate. Determine vertical dimension of occlusion. Syndrome D. Diabetic Pt with ill fit denture. *** c. …………. Determine occlusal height..CawsonEssintials of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine 7th ed 71.A. Pt came to the clinic complaining from soreness in the tongue sore throat the diagnosis is: a) burning mouth syndrome b) geographical tongue c) fissure tongue 73. Handicapped Pt with lesion in central nervous system appears to have different type of disorder in movement and procedure: a. Cerebral palsy. Determine the need for tissue conditioning and surgery. difficulty in swallowing. you found: ??? *** .‫نوبة‬ b. (they don’t have control over the movement of their limbs) . *** b.

c. The amount of L. It respond to vitality test no pain on percussion. Acute apical periodontitis. Pt complains from severe spontaneous pain related to upper 6. Irrigation of the canal. Acute apical periodotitis. 79. The most common endodontic cyst is: a.A in 2% lidocaine with 1/100000 adrenaline is: a. 1.02 c. c.8 x 2 = 3. 4 pins. 3. *** b. Cleaning and shaping of the canal. 76. the number of pins per cusp is: a. one pin per line) ( angle 77. one pin per surface . Irreversible pulpitis. 3 pins. 0. one pin per cusp .6 The amount of LA in milligrams per 1. To obturate the canal the most important step is: a. *** b. Reversible pulpitis.6 78. Keratocyst. 1 pin. *** b. During placement of amalgam pins. 0. diagnosis is: ‫عفوي‬ a. 2 pins. *** b.01 b.75. . Radicular cyst. d. c.8 ml cartridge is) calculated by multiplying the amount of analgesic per/1ml with (the volume of the cartridge in millilitres .

c. *** b. Maxillary molars. *** b. Apical 1/3. *** b. 85. (And dye) . Radiograph. The most common complication after extraction for diabetic Pt is: a. 81. 84. *** b. c. c. Tactile sensation. Wide flared cavity c. Cervical 1/3.80. Severe bleeding. ( problems with healing which leads to infection) 83. Tactile examination.‫وذمة‬ d. The most important in RCT is seal: ‫الهم للختم‬ a. Contact area is in incisal/occlusal 1/3 in which tooth: a. c. Infection. Incipient caries is diagnosed by: a. X-ray film. ‫إحساس اللمس‬ c. Oedema. Fiber optic light. By clinical examination. 82. *** b. All of the above. Mandibular incisors. Middle 1/3. Lateral canal is detected by: a. *** b. The cause of fracture in amalgam class II restoration is: a. Thin thickness at the marginal ridge. Deep cavity. Mandibular molars.

Bitewing. 90. but in the posterior proximal areas a fiber optic (light can help detect incipient caries there 86. c. b. b. Over erupting tooth can be treated by: . c. Horizontal. 89. Over erupted upper right 1st molar will be managed by: EXCEPT: a. Intrusion of upper right 1st molar. Periapical. Adjustment of occlusion. Intruded easily orthodontically. ‫انغراس‬ c. Occlusal. *** b. Dry heat. To detect interproximal caries in primary teeth. Mesial drifting of lower right 2nd molar. the best film is: a. Periodontal ligament fibers in the middle third of the root is: a. Transeptal. *** c. c. Oblique. Over eruption of lower right 2nd molar. Disinfection of GP is done by: a. Pt with missing lower right 1st molar for long time you'll find: a. *** b. *** b. ‫عبر الحاجز‬ 88. Autoclave. Crowing.usually incipient caries are diagnosed by visual and tactile) sensation . Sodium hypochlorite. 91. *** 87.

Smallspheroidalradioopaque ‫ مش فاكر بالظبط نصها‬d)False stone occurs due to dystrophic dentin 94. c. . Broken instrument during RCT. *** Ortho intrusion. *** b. d. Extraction. 3.7. c.1. 2. Pulp stone: ‫الحصاة‬ a. b.8. 4. Free in pulp chamber. *** b. 92. best prognosis if broken at: ‫أفضل إنذار‬ a. Cause discomfort and pain. 93. Cervical 3/3. 1. A and B. 0. 2. Crowning after endo. Apical 1/3. Middle 2/3. c. All the above. 1.3. 5.2. *** Stones may exist freely within the pulp tissue or be attached ) (to or embedded in dentine :Q. None of the above. The amount of facial redaction in PFM crown: a.Pulp stone can be the following EXCEPT ‫ صحيح‬a) present freely in the pulp ‫ صحيح‬b)cause discomfort & pain to the patient ‫صحيح‬c)In radiographs.

95. A tooth with 25 degree inclination could be used as

abutment: ‫ميلن‬ a. True. *** b. False.

96. Intercellular movement of PMN leukocytes is called

migration: ‫??ا‬ a. True. *** b. False.

( the migration is also called chemotaxis)

97. In onlay, stopping of cusp is 1.5-2 m.m: a. True. *** b. False.

98. Causes of failure of cast crown. 99. Causes of parasthesia. ‫عدم التخدير‬ 100. Normal values of Pt PTT healing time. 101. 102. 585. The following factors effect the health 103. 1- heriditary 104. 2- environement 105. 3- social and economic factors 106. 4- family welfare 107. A) 1+2 108. B) 1+2+4 109. C) 1+2+3 110. D) all of the above. *** 111.

112.
‫:أثناء اللبية اخترقنا مفترق الجذور....المعالجة‬ Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA). *** ca oh formocresol

113.

The fundamental rule in the endodontic emergencies is :

control pain by inflammatory non steroid. diagnosis is certain. *** 114. 115. 116. Pt come with bristle even on mucous membrane, u asked for immune test: ???? pemphigus bullospemphigoid lichen planus 117.

118.

Female pt come with endo treated upper central with m, d caries &haveincisal abrasion. Porcelain veneer is planned with modification to cover incisal edge. veneer should end: fourth lingualy 0.5 mm before centric occlusal. *** fourth 1.5 before centric occlusion fifth 1.5 before centric occlusion 119.

120.

Pt come with siuns u make gp tracing & take radiograph the gp appear in lateral surface of the root periodontal abscess periodontitis lateral acessory canal. *** 121. 122. 123. Tech of endo fill where we use continuous condensation vertical condensation 124. 125. Principles and Practice of Endodontics WALTON – page 273 126. "Continuous wave of condensation" in the vertical condensation paragraph ??? 127. 128. 129. Post graduated student use mta the prognosis depend on Prevent immediate suture disturbance during closure of wound. *** using a flab 130.

131.

The cause of black cast which prevent pickling due

to over heat contaminate with gas incomplete casting 132.

133.

In sharpness of instrument the angle between face & blade is 50-60 60-70 70-80. *** 134. 135. 612. Sharpening the curette and sickle, the cutting edge should be at angle: 136. A- 50-60 137. B- 70-80. *** 138. C- 80-90 139. D- 60-70 140. 141. 142. Immature tooth has less sensation of cold , hot due to short root incomplete innervation wide pulp chamber
: Questions I did not know how to solve

:In full gold crown, to prevent future gingival recession.6 a. Make the tooth form good at gingival one third. b. Make the tooth form good at gingival one fifth. *** c. Make the tooth form good at gingival one half.

?? :Check bite of retainer by.19 d. Paste. *** e. Impression.

36. Acute periapical cyst and acute periodontal cyst are differentiated by: ?? a. Vitality test. *** b. Radiograph. c. Clinical examination. 55. Geographic tongue is seen in Pt with: f. Diabetes. g. Iron deficiency anemia. *** h. Pemphigus.‫الفقاع‬ my research showed : etiology is unknown , however cases) have been associated with mostly psoriasis , and some cases (with anemia and diabetes

difficulty in swallowing, with examination of barium sulphate, you found: ??? *** .A. Geographical tongue B. Burning mouth syndrome C. ………….. Syndrome D. Diabetic patient

56. A 21 years old patient who has iron deficiency anemia,

:Q- Pulp stone can be the following EXCEPT ‫ صحيح‬a) present freely in the pulp ‫ صحيح‬b)cause discomfort & pain to the patient ‫صحيح‬c)In radiographs,Smallspheroidalradioopaque ‫ مش فاكر بالظبط نصها‬d)False stone occurs due to dystrophic dentin ( all seem to be correct)

143.

97.‫:أثناء اللبية اخترقنا مفترق الجذور....المعالجة‬ Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA). *** ca oh formocresol

Pt come with bristle even on mucous membrane, u asked.101 ???? :for immune test pemphigus bullospemphigoid lichen planus

Principles and Practice of Endodontics WALTON – page.110 273 Continuous wave of condensation" in the vertical" ??? condensation paragraph

144. Among the reasons that molar teeth are more difficult to treat endodontically than anterior teeth: a. Molar have more complex canal configuration. b. Molar tend to have greater canal curvature. c. A and b. *** d. None of the above.

How many canals can be present in mandibular second molars: a. 1, 2, 3 or 4. b. 2, 3 or 4. c. 3 or 4. *** d. 3.
145.

146. The correct access cavity preparation for the mandibular second molar is: a. Oval. b. Quadrilateral. c. Round. d. Triangular. ***

Gingival hyperplasia related to phenytoin therapy is: ‫مضاد‬ ‫الصرع‬ a. Most common on lingual surface. b. Most common in older Pt. c. Strongly related to phenytoin dosage. d. Strongly related to poor oral hygiene. ***
147.

148. The most common immediate treatment reported for fractured teeth was: a. 25%. ‫مو متأكده‬ b. 50%. c. 82%. d. 95%.

149. a. b. c. d.

Burning mouth syndrome is a chronic disorder typically characterized by each of the following EXCEPT: Mucosal lesion. *** ‫آفة بالغشاء المخاطي‬ Burning pain in multiple oral sites. ‫ألم حرقة‬ Pain similar in intensity to toothache pain. ‫يشبه ألم السنان بالشدة‬ Persistent altered taste perception. ‫تغير مستمر بحاسة الذوق‬

It as a chronic orofacial pain, unaccompanied by mucosal lesions or other evident clinical signs upon examination

Which of the following is the most likely potential cause of BMS (Burning mouth syndrome): ‫السبب الكثر احتمال‬ ً a. Denture allergy. b. Salivary dysfunction. c. Neural dysfunction. d. Menopausal changes. ‫انقطاع الطمث‬
150.

‫كلها أسباب‬
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2010 Jul 1;15 (4):e562-8. ‫المصدر‬ Stomatodynia

***‫فعالية‬ ‫وممكن تكون الجابه الخيره صحيحه لوجود العديد من الدوية تستخدم في العلج‬ The most-used medications to treat this syndrome ‫ومن نفس المصدر السابق‬ are antidepressants. Anxiolytic agents.e562 Publication Types: Review Burning mouth syndrome: Update Pia López-Jornet. Francisco Gómez García 151. antipsychotics.e562 Journal section: Oral Medicine and Pathology doi:10. Paz Andujar-Mateos. analgesics and oral mucosa protectors.doses are useful in BMS 152. Is indicative of systemic fluorosis. The tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline and nortriptyline at low . d. *** ‫يدل على النسمام الفلوري‬ ‫الجهازي‬ . antiepileptics. Which of the following represents the best pharmacologic therapy for BMS: a. Mariano Sánchez-Siles.4317/medoral.15. Antidepressant agents. Fabio Camacho-Alonso. ‫??? مضادات الكآبة‬ b. Dental fluorosis: a. Corticosteroids. c. There is no therapy of proven general efficacy.

onset. Pts with history of diabetes of less than 10 years have more periodontal disease destruction than those with history of longer than 10 years. ‫الغشية المخاطية‬ Fluoride is not taken up systemically from which of the following sources: a.severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset 156. b. ‫المعاجين‬ d. Ketosis-prone. *** ‫معتمد على النسولين‬ d. c.‫النسج الرخوة‬ d. . *** ‫تطبيق موضعي‬ 154. Is largely preventable. c. Water. Adult. Becomes less noticeable with age. Accompanied by normal cell activity. c. Present in the plaque and tissue fluids bathing the newly erupted tooth. Present on the intraoral mucous membranes. Present in the ingested foods. Which of the following statement is true for the reported relationship of periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus: a. Non-insulin-dependent. Present in the blood stream. The reported incidence of periodontal disease in the diabetes is less than that for nondiabetic. Topical applications of fluoride. b. Incorporated in the tooth enamel. d.b. Type I diabetes mellitus can be characterized as: a. Food. b. 153. Is reversible. ketosis-prone diabetes . Dentifrices. 155. e. e. Can be contracted at any age. c. *** b. Fluorides are most anticaries effective when: a.

"Dental Secrets" ‫المرجع‬ . Fission. The number of spirals or flutes per unit length. 158. Nuclear reaction. *** d. i. Medical history. To wait for re eruption of the intruded tooth. *** l. Biographical data. Thermodynamics. *** c. *** g. n. b. ‫تفاعل ترسيب‬ h. Galvanic action. The prevalence of periodontal disease increase with the advancing age of the diabetic. the treatment of choice is: a. The first step in diagnostic work. *** c. f. k. Slow orthodontic extrusion using light force. Surgical repositioning of intruded tooth and splinting. The direction of the spirals. m. The prevalence of periodontal disease increase with the better metabolic coronal of the diabetic state. d. . The basic difference between K files and reamers is: a. ‫انشطار‬ 225.c. Present complaint. Traumatic history. Only antibiotic prescription and wait for eruption. 157. The geometric cross section. up is obtaining the: j. The spontaneous production of an electric current resulting from two dissimilar metal in the oral cavity is called: e. b. d.‫الخيار الثالث يتضمن الخيار الثاني‬ 224. Restorative history. Precipitation reaction. In case of traumatic intrusion of young permanent incisor. The depth of flutes.

d. January 24.‫جراب الدائم‬ Best treatment of choice for carious exposure of a primary molar in a 3 year old child who complain of toothache during and after food taking: a. No Monday. 2000 Monday. b. January 24. . c. 4 retention points. Zinc salts have been associated with stronger longer adhesion. 90ْ margin. ??? .‫يزيد الثبات مع زيادة الرتباط الميكانيكي ولكن ينقص مع زيادة لزوجة اللعاب‬ 160. incisal groove.‫يتم البزوغ خلل شهرين، وفي حال كانت الذروة مكتملة يتم القلع وإعادة الزرع مع جبيرة 01 أيام‬ ‫ومع معالجة لبية وحشو بماءات الكالسيوم خلل أسبوعين، أما السن اللبني فيقلع إذا انغرس حتى‬ . *** ‫لزوجة‬ b. It depends in part on physical force and viscosity.‫كما يزيد الثبات كل من مركبات الكربوكسيل وأملح الزنك وزيادة سيولة الماء‬ 161. . Formocresol pulpotomy. ‫حافة‬ d. Direct pulp capping with caoh. b. Carboxyl group provide bio adhesion. Cervical groove. Cervical groove. 159. c. What is the proper cavity preparation for V-shaped cervical erosion lesion to be restored with glass ionomer cement: a. Caoh pulpotomy. *** d. ‫ثلم عنقي وحافة قاطعة‬ c. Direct pulp capping with zao paste. 2000 mechanical preparation is necessary. incisal bevel. Which of the following statement about the mechanism of action for denture adhesive is not correct: a. Greater water solubility increase duration of adhesion.

A and b. d. b. Compared to other technique it takes too long to sterilize. Explain to the Pt that the retainer irritated the surrounding soft tissue and prescribe an analgesic and warm oral rinse. the Pt present with a complain of tenderness on mastication and bleeding from the gingival. All forms of bacteria are not destroyed by it. It can dull the sharp edges of instruments. Pulp extirpation. Check the occlusion. b. ‫التدمير الفعال للبكتريا الموجوده في القناة‬ 163. . *** ‫تقلل الحدة‬ b.One week after filling of class II restoration. Pulpotomy. Proper antibiotic therapy. ‫أشار إلى إمكانية كلل السطوح القاطعة والسنابل وصدأ أدوات الكاربايد وضرورة تنظيف الدوات‬ . Consider the probability of hyperemia.‫لمنع انقطاع تروية اللب المتبقي‬ Which one of the following is a disadvantage of autoclaving endodontics instruments: a.‫وتغليفها قبل التعقيم‬ . c. b. 162. *** 164. Effective use of medicaments. "Dental Secrets" ‫المرجع‬ 165. *** c. d. Mechanical preparation and irrigation of the canal. Natural defenses in healthy person. Actual destruction of the micro organism in root canal attributed mainly to: a. d. The dentist should initially: a. *** c. Full crown preparation. Check the contract area. d. c. It is recommended to avoid an intraligamental injection when the planned dental treatment is: a. None of the above.

"Clinical Endodontics TRONSTAD " :‫المرجع‬ Which of the following would be clinically un acceptable as a primary of isolating a tooth for sealant placement: a. Rubber dam.166. ‫نظام شفط كماصة اللعاب‬ d. Periodontal disease. The root canal treated teeth has the best prognosis when the root canal is instrumented and obturated: a. *** b. Fear of having bad breath may be a severe problem for some people. b. Carious lesions. None of the above. It is one of the most successfully treated chronic dental problems. To the radiograph apex. b. Faulty restoration. d. *** 167. c. 3-4 mm short of the radiograph apex. 1-2 mm short of the radiograph apex. Which one of the following is least likely to contribute to oral bad breath: ‫أقل عامل يسهم في رائحة الفم‬ a.‫لن شعور النسان بنفسه الكريه هو معيار أكيد للمشكلة يمكن التعويل عليه‬ 169. ‫ما بعد‬ c. Denture. b. Each of the following is correct EXCEPT which one: a. 168. Vac-ejector moisture control system. Which one of the following is not a characteristic of dentinal hypersensitivity: a. *** d. . 170. b. Cotton roll. Bad breath originating from the gastrointestinal tract is quite common. 1 mm beyond the radiograph apex. Self-perceptions of bad breath appear to be unreliable. . *** c. *** ‫ل يمكن التعويل على حس الشخص برائحة فمه‬ d. Its prevalence range from 8 to 30%. c. Bad breath appears to be largely bacteria in origin.

c and d. h. *** The majority of primary herpetic infections are: ‫غالبية بدايات الصابات الحلئية‬ a.Obliterated dentinal tubule 172. . Major aphthous ulcer. Proceeded by fever. A. ‫منع التآكل بالحتكاك‬ Prevent food impaction. d.consistently successful 171. e. HSV. Symptomatic. *** c. f. ‫القلعية الكبرى‬ c. Minor aphthous ulcer. :1 ‫مرجع‬ ‫تزداد فرط الحساسية العاجية في العقدين الثالث والرابع – وفي أعناق القواطع والضواحك – ومع‬ .A. The function of the anterior teeth is: Disarticulate the posterior teeth. d.c.Exposed dentine with opened dentinal tubules B.‫معظم الدراسات أشارت لنقص الحساسية عند تقليل نفوذية القنية العاجية‬ Art and science of operative dentistry 2000 :2 ‫مرجع‬ Dentin hypersensitivity is a common clinical condition that is difficult to treat because the treatment outcome is not . The most common form of oral ulcerative disease is: a. 226. Asymptomatic. b. ‫حمامى‬ e. Bahjet disease. Accompanied by gingival erythema. *** Prevent attrition. Hypersensitivity is due to: *** .‫البرودة مقارنة بالتفريش أو السكاكر‬ . d. g. 227. b. One source of the irritation that leads to hypersensitivity is improper tooth brushing. ‫انفكاك تشابك‬ Incise food. The majority of the Pts who experience it are from 20 to 40 years of age.

d. (3 ‫يبدو أن الفرق ل يتعدى 1 ملم بكثير )يجب توضيح المسافة هل هي أكثر من 1 أو 2 أو‬ In geriatrle Pt. Cementum on the root end will: ‫الشيوخ‬ 230. and expose the film. e. Opposite Buccal ‫غير مفهوم‬ 229. If the initial working length film shows the tip of a file to be greater than 1 mm from the ideal location. Move the file to 1 mm short of the ideal length and expose a film. Move with the x-ray tube head. The rule is: When two different radiographs are made of a pair of objects. b. Move in an inferior direction from the x-ray tube head. the image of the buccal object moves. None of the above. Position the file at the root apex and expose a film.  ‫لنه أدق‬ e. correct the position of the stop to this distance. the clinician should: a. Interpolate the variance. Move away from the x-ray tube head. d. 228. . Correct the length and begin instrumentation.When using the buccal object rule in horizontal angulation. c. relative to the image of the lingual object. *** c. in the same direction that the x-ray beam is . the lingual object in relation to the buccal object: ‫تزوي‬ a. *** b. The Buccal Object Rule is a method for determining the relative location of objects hidden in the oral region.directed SLOB technique  same lingual . Confirm the working length with an apex locator. Move in a superior direction from the x-ray tube head.

b. e. Missed major canal. e. Irreversible pulpitis. A max molar to the sinus. b. Reversible pulpitis. Oral surgery. Very narrow canal with a periapical lesion and the apex can not be reached. Tobacco should be considered a risk factor when planning treatment for Pt who require: a. The third molar to the ear. 232. d. Spontaneous pulpal pain is indicative of: a. Severe apical perforation. c. Persistent inter appointment pain. Short canal filling. Which of the following failure may be treated nonsurgically: a. Indicate pathosis. e. c. The right maxilla to the left maxilla. *** b. b. Post filling that has removed. Which of the following endodontic failure may be retreated only with surgery: a. 235. b. ‫انثقاب شديد‬ c. Often not be seen on the radiograph. A max cuspid to ear. *** 234. d. ‫المعند‬ c. *** c. Render apex to locater useless. All of the above. d. 231. An incompletely fractured tooth. *** d. d. Periodontal surgery. Become thicker and irregular. Implants.a. Neurotic pulp. Become thinned and almost nonexistent. Pulpal pain may not be referred from: a. *** c. . Esthetic treatment. Post and core. *** b. 233. None of the above.

After completion of orthodontic treatment he came complaining of pain in 11 tooth radiograph show absorption in the middle third of the root of 11 wt is the proper management: a. Internal Resorption: a. *** d.d. Apply caoh at the site of resorption. Green. b. Seldom differentiated external resorption. periradicular . b. c. Yellow. impacted teeth . Can occur in primary teeth. the process can be arrested by immeditae root canal treatment with calcium hydroxide paste. Painful. Extract the tooth & reimplant it d. Children with internal resorption will notice the affected tooth may turn pink as the cells eat . remembre the etiology of external resorption : excessive orthodontie forces. Extract the tooth & do implantation Dental decks part 2 page236 Bowl -shaped area of resorpation in volving cementument dentin characterize external inflamatory root resorption.‫يحصل المتصاص الداخلي في السنان المؤقتة عند إجراء التغطية المباشرة‬ Internal resorption is often painless. Teeth that are discolored as a result of internal resorption of the pulp may turn: a. Pink.inflammation. *** b.away the lining 237. c. *** . Atrophic pulp. Dark brown. this type of external resorption is rapidly progressive and will continue if treatement is not instituted. Hyperplastic pulp. ‫فرط تنسج‬ e. dental trauma. Do RCT in a single visit c. ‫ضامر‬ 236. 238. and progresses slowly.

Placement of single tooth. *** 240. c. Transverse fracture of developing teeth in the mixed dentition can be managed by: ‫الكسور‬ ‫العرضية‬ ْ a. Sensitivity to palpation and percussion indicates: ‫الجس والقرع‬ Reversible pulpitis. Treatment of internal resorption involves: a. e. Extraction and placement of a removable partial denture.hypochlorite a. b. c. Filling the canal and defect with amalgam. and the necrotic remnants are readily removed by irrigation with sodium . Utilizing a silver cone and sealer to fill the irregularities in the resorbed area. Enlarging the canal apical to the resorbed area for better access. Clinical Endodontics textbook TRONSTAD – page 150 Irrigation with copious amounts of 5 % sodium hypochlorite may have some effect. 241. e. Hyperplastic pulpitis. but the treatment of choice is to pack the canal and the resorption lacuna with calcium hydroxide paste. the calcium hydroxide will have necrotized any remaining tissue in the lacuna. Forced eruption. d. d. d. Complete extirpation of the pulp to arrest the resorption process. Neurotic pulp. *** b. Irreversible pulpitis. *** ‫تبزيغ‬ b. All of the above. Sealing sodium hypochlorite in the canal to remove the inflammatory tissue necrotic in the area of the resorption. .239. By the next visit. Inflammation of the periradicular tissues. c.

*** . It bleaches faster than carbamide peroxide. Induce the formation of a mineral barrier in the apical region of incompletely root. 3 years. b. *** c. What is the estimated incubation period of HIV infection: ‫فترة الحضانة التقريبية‬ 4 weeks. ***  Calcium Hydroxide Plug As an Alternative d. d. Dycal. e. c. Zinc phosphate cement. d.242. Hydrogen peroxide is the ideal bleaching agent because: a. a. 244. Zinc polycarboxylate cement. 6 years. Calcium hydroxide. 245. Involves the surgical removal of the apical region of the root and placement of a retrograde filling material: 243. All of the above. Is new in the endodontic field. b. The preferred material used in apexification is: a. It bleaches effectively at natural ph. b. c. 6 months. 10 years. Finds the most apical stop of the guttpercha in RCT. Apexification is procedure that:  (Use mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as an artificial root-end barrier) a. Protection for sensitive tissues can be incorporated into the hydrogen gel. b. ‫يمكن ضمانها‬ d. c.

is: ‫الذبحة‬ a. d. b. Is more efficient when using a full mask. ‫حاصر قنوات الكالسيوم‬ Diltiazem. Hypoglycemia. c. *** ‫موسع تاجي تحت الدمة‬ None of the above. *** ‫انسداد الشريان التاجي التصلبي‬ d. delivering 100% oxygen. b. than with the mouth to mouth technique. Stress.246. c. ‫حاصر بيتا‬ Nifedipine. Which of the following drugs is completely effective in eliminating angina episode: ‫نوبة الذبحة‬ Propranolol. . CPR a. Renal disease. b. Is best performed in the dental chair. e. Is beyond the medico legal responsibility of the practicing dentist. 248. *** d. b. Hypertension. ‫ارتفاع الضغط‬ 247. 249. ‫مضاد ذبحة وخافض ضغط‬ Transdermal nitroglycerin. Should be performed on all patients experiencing chest pain. ‫نقص السكر‬ e. Small dentin exposure can result in sensitivity. The extent of dental hard tissue loss always correlates with sensitivity. c. c. Which statement concerning sensitive teeth is false: a. d. A wide variety of clinical condition can cause teeth to become sensitive.‫ل يسبب ضياع نسج السن دوما الحساسية فهو يترافق أحيانا مع تشكل عاج ثانوي ومع التقدم بالعمر‬ ً ً . The most common cause of the angina a. Oral hygiene habits and diet can contribute to clinical sensitivity problems. Arteriosclerotic plaques of the coronary vessels.

253. Settle out of room air quickly. ‫تدوم لفترة‬ c. Suturing. d. . *** ‫تنتقل‬ ‫بالهواء لفترة طويلة‬ 250. d. ‫متأخرة‬ c. The most common location of percutaneous injury among dentist is: Hand. b. c. Elbow. d. *** c. ‫الحفر بالقبضة‬ d. b. Trimming impressions. ‫تستعمر‬ c.Droplet nuclei containing mycobacterium tuberculosis: ‫نوى القطيرات الحاوية على المتفطرة السلية‬ a. Lingering painful response. ‫تشذيب الطبعة‬ 251. Hypersensitive painful response. a. ‫مرفق‬ Arm. Do not spread widely in the building. Painful response that disappears soon after stimulus is removed. *** Face. No response. Hypersensitive painful response. Do not cause infection. d. 252. ‫المسبب‬ 254. *** ‫المسبب‬ The normal response of a inflamed pulp to the thermal testing is: a. b. Handpiece dig. The normal response of a vital pulp to the thermal testing is: a. b. b. Remain airborn for prolonged period. The most common activity associated with percutaneous injury of the dentist is: ‫أكثر فعل‬ ‫يترافق بأذى جلد الطبيب‬ a. Painful response that disappears soon after stimulus is removed. No response. Lingering painful response. Anesthesia injection.

b. Acute apical periodontitis. . Asymptomatic tooth has a necrotic pulp. b. Acute exacerbation of chronic apical periodontitis. Acute exacerbation of chronic apical periodontitis. 258. *** ‫هجمة حادة لخراج مزمن‬ d. Acute exacerbation of chronic apical periodontitis. The tooth is mobile and depressible in its socket with a diffused radiolucency.The normal response of a vital pulp to the electric pulp testing is: a. Chronic apical periodontitis. Abscess. Chronic apical periodontitis. b. A Pt with severe periradicular pain has a necrotic pulp. The periradicular diagnosis: ‫صفيحة صلبة مفتتة-شفافية محددة الحواف‬ a. A Pt present in severe pain. ‫هجمة حادة لخراج مزمن‬ d. The diagnosis is: a. Acute apical periodontitis. *** ‫سن شاهد‬ 255. Lower than that of the control teeth. The periradicular diagnosis: a. c. *** Reduction of mandibular fracture is defined as: ‫رد الفك السفلي المكسور‬ 259. The periapical area over the involved tooth is inflamed and swollen. 257. and circumscribed radiolucency of long duration. Higher than that of the control teeth. Abscess. c. In a range similar to that of the control teeth. a broken lamina dura. 256. a broken lamina dura. d. Abscess. and circumscribed radiolucency of long duration. c. d. Chronic apical periodontitis. b. Acute apical periodontitis. *** c. No response.

‫التثبيت ببرغي‬ e. 263. ‫الرض بوخز البرة‬ Intraneural haematoma formation. a. d. *** Displacement. b. Realignment of fracture segments. Antioxidants. Screw and bone places. *** Stretching and binding of the nerve.a. Which of the following is the cause of immediat type allergic reaction to latex products: Accelerator. c. d. ‫عدم انحياز وانفصال القطعة المكسورة‬ b. c. 15% to 20% 20% to 25%. a. *** 10% to 15%. External fixation. The incidence of nerve damage after third molar surgery is estimated to be: 5% or less. c. Latex protein. d. An open reduction. ‫شد وربط العصب‬ 262. ‫تشكل دموي داخل العصب‬ Local anesthetic toxicity. 260. *** Nickel. 261. b. Intermaxillary fixation. ‫إعادة التصاق القطعة‬ ‫المكسورة‬ c. b. b. Holding of the fracture segments in place. Internal fixation. Nonalignment and separation of the fracture segment. e. Wiring the upper and lower teeth together is called: Internal fixation. The least likely mechanism for the nerve damage is: ‫اللية القل احتمال لذية العصب‬ ً Direct needle trauma. Pt take 40 cortisone in day of procedure double the dose just day of procedure . c. *** ‫مسك القطعة المكسورة في مكانها‬ d. a. a. d.

C) Sharpey's fiber Sharpey's fibres are the terminal ends of principle fibres (of the periodontal ligament) that insert into the . ألياف شاربي‬Sharpey's fiber ‫.A)Fixing the Impression material .1 ..3 Transceptal fibers  A part of the gingival fiber system that extends from the supraalveolar cementum of one tooth horizontally through the interdental attached gingiva above the septum of the alveolar bone to the cementum of the adjacent tooth.2 . الطولنية‬Longitudinal fibers . : What is the main function of impression tray holes (347 *** .double the dose day of procedure & day after stop the medication :What is the dominant type of fibers found in Cementum (346 A) longitudinal B) Circular *** . *** عبر الحاجز‬Transceptal fibers ‫.cementum and into the periosteum of the alveolar bone Fibers which completely embedded in cementation and-14 pass from cementation of one tooth to the cementation of ‫: اللياف التي تصل سنين متجاورين‬adjacent tooth is ‫.

what’s the (348 most common feature to be found in His teeth upon : examination A)Attrition *** .A Tailor is presented to your dental office.B) abrasion C) Erosion D) Abfarcation Abrasion of enamel and root surfaces may result from the – 7 :long term use of 1. 3. What’s the next logical step to do in investigation *** . 5. Tooth abrasive toothpaste or powder. A.A) Paleness (B) nose bleeding (epistaxis C) Miosis What’s the reason of the wax shrinkage upon fabrication (351 : of the bridge/crown ‫ل يوجد خيارات؟؟؟‬ Patient came to your clinic complaining of pain. A hard toothbrush. Vigorous use of the toothbrush. 4. upon (353 examination you can’t find a clue. B and C. 2. A and B only.A) Panoramic x-ray . *** what’s the first sign of Syncope (349 *** .

50%.Loss of one tooth only with the adjecent teeth 173. Which of the following is the most likely potential cause of BMS (Burning mouth syndrome): ‫السبب الكثر احتمال‬ ً .1 . c.d-buccal shelf of the mandible :What’s the best implant type allowing Osseointegration (354 *** . 174.B) CT Scan C) MRI D) Regular tomography Q-contra indication of implant EXCEPT *** .many dental caries_1 malignancy_2 radiation therapy_3 :dental implant are successfully with min failure -1 a-premaxilla area in the upper arch b-posterior area of the maxillary arch c-mandible between the mental foramen .. 25%.Diabetic patient .2 *** . The most common immediate treatment reported for fractured teeth was: a. 82%. 95%. d. ‫مو متأكده‬ b.A) Root-form Endosseous implant :The indications of implantation .

c.4317/medoral.15 (4):e562-8. Denture allergy.a.e562 Publication Types: Review Burning mouth syndrome: Update Pia López-Jornet. d. Salivary dysfunction. Paz Andujar-Mateos. ‫المصدر‬ Stomatodynia e562 Journal section: Oral Medicine and Pathology doi:10. Menopausal changes. b. Neural dysfunction. Francisco Gómez García . Fabio Camacho-Alonso. 2010 Jul 1. Mariano Sánchez-Siles.15. ‫انقطاع الطمث‬ ‫كلها أسباب‬ Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal.

c. Which of the following represents the best pharmacologic therapy for BMS: a. There is no therapy of proven general efficacy. analgesics and oral mucosa protectors. Corticosteroids. Antidepressant agents. Anxiolytic agents. The tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline and nortriptyline at low . ***‫فعالية‬ ‫وممكن تكون الجابه الخيره صحيحه لوجود العديد من الدوية تستخدم في العلج‬ The most-used medications to treat this ‫ومن نفس المصدر السابق‬ syndrome are antidepressants. antipsychotics. ‫??? مضادات الكآبة‬ b. antiepileptics. d.175.

. What is the proper cavity preparation for V-shaped cervical erosion lesion to be restored with glass ionomer cement: a. ماء الحنفية‬Tap water • • *** . 4 retention points. 351) What’s the reason of the wax shrinkage upon fabrication of the bridge/crown : ‫ل يوجد خيارات‬ 179. 90ْ margin. ‫ثلم عنقي وحافة قاطعة‬ c. 1. 2000 mechanical preparation is necessary. January 24. No Monday.doses are useful in BMS 176.dental implant are successfully with min failure: a-premaxilla area in the upper arch b-posterior area of the maxillary arch c-mandible between the mental foramen ? d-buccal shelf of the mandible. Pt take 40 cortisone in day of procedure double the dose just day of procedure double the dose day of procedure & day after stop the medication 178. January 24. 2000 Monday. Cervical groove. incisal bevel. Cervical groove. ‫حافة‬ d.(HBSS (Hank's balanced salt solution . incisal groove. b.Saliva • • . ??? 177. The best transport medium for evulsed tooth :is ‫.

It is the longest tooth . from root to the incisal edge.in total length.2% • • • ‫%2-1 في إرواء القنية‬ 5-10% 20% • • Traumatically fractured crown of central • incisor in an 8-years-old child with pulp exposure (more than 1 mm) half hour ago..Maxiliary central incisor . What is your :management .Milk • Which of the following is the longest in the :dental arch .Maxiliary canine • • • • • Maxillary canine Main article: Maxillary canine The maxillary canine is the tooth located laterally from both maxillary lateral incisors of the mouth but mesially from both maxillary first premolars. in the mouth Chlorhexidine is used as mouth wash in the :concentration of *** 0. medical history is noncontributory and the tooth is not displaced.Mandibular canine *** .Maxiliary second premolar .1-0.

استئصال‬Total extirpation of pulp and caoh • ‫يتم البتر لن مجيء المريض متأخر وبنفس الوقت يترك للذروة المفتوحة فرصة إعادة التحام الحزمة‬ ..Rapidly progressing periodontitis . المبيضات‬Candidiasis ّ َْ ُ • • ‫.Kaposi's sarcoma • .Caoh pulpotomy • • • ‫. يترك ندبة‬Heals with scarring • • All of the following are oral features of • :acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS EXCEPT ‫.Are usually painful • • • Rarely appear before lesion elsewhere on the . *** حمامى متعددة الشكال‬Erythema multiform ‫. *** الملتحمة والعضاء التناسلية‬genitalia Often appear in nervous.Direct pulpcap with caoh and composite *** .individuals ‫. high-strung .Endodontics-pulpectomy and obturation . طلوان مشعر‬Hairy leukoplakia • • .‫الوعائية العصبية‬ ‫: الحزاز المنبسط‬The oral lesions of the lichen planus .body May be part of a syndrome in which • lesions also appear on the skin. conjunctiva and ‫.

فعال‬Using efficient cooling system • • Blacking exposed tubules on the dentin *** .Not required • • ‫.‫تنتج الحمامى متعددة الشكال عن فيروس الحل وعن الكثار من الغذية الحاوية على البنزوات وينتج‬ ‫عنها داء ستيفن جونسون‬ :The use of the rubber dam in endodontics is • ً ‫.None of the above • • • • Dentine hypersensitivity is best relieved or :controlled by ‫. يملي براحة المريض‬Dictated by Pt comfort • The best restoration for max central incisor • that has received RCT through conservatively prepared :access opening would be . *** قانون معروف‬An established rule .surface • .Post-retained metal-ceramic crown .Post-retained porcelain jacket crown *** . لزم عموما‬Frequently required • • ‫. مستهلك للوقت‬Time consuming ‫.Composite resin .

b and d .A. d and e • • • ،‫يجب تناول 2 ملغ أموكسيسلين قبل المعالجة بساعة، أو 006 ملغ كليندامايسين، أو 2 ملغ سيفالكسين‬ . الورم العضلي المخطط‬Rhabdomyoma ‫.B. c and e .A.Hypertension • • • • • ‫. تضيق أبهري‬Mitral stenosis ‫.Opening tubules to permit release of . ورم شحمي‬Lipoma • • • • • ‫.‫أو 005 ملغ أزيترومايسين‬ Which of the following is a benign epithelial ‫: ورم ظهاري سليم‬neoplasm ‫.A.C. رجفان أذيني‬Auricular fibrillation . ورم ليفي‬Fibroma ‫. تجرثم الدم‬Bacteremia ‫.intrapulpal pressure • Applying anti inflammatory agent to exposed . b and c • • *** .dentin • Pt with a history of subacute bacterial • endocarditis is a medical problem in a surgery because of ‫: التهاب شغاف القلب‬the possibility of ‫. إنتان الدم‬Septicemia . d and e . ورم الخليا الحبيبية‬Granular cell tumor .

All of the above .All of the above :Ankylosis • • • • • No PDL Caused by trauma Extracted surgically *** . *** ورم شائكي متقرن‬Keratoacanthoma ‫المرجع‬ Journal of Applied Oral Science • :Oral lesions of lichen planus usually appear as • ‫.Red plaque • • • ‫. فقاعات‬Builae • • The function of the periodontal ligament include Mechanical function Formative function Nutritive function Sensory function • • • • • • *** . ناتئ حليمي‬Papillary projections ‫. *** بقع بيضاء‬White streaks .‫. قرحات مسطحة‬Shallow ulcers ‫.

توسفي‬Desquamative gingivitis . slouching over while sitting).Acute periodontal cyst • • • ‫التهاب اللثة التقرحي التموتي الحاد التهاب نازف مؤلم يحدث عند البالغين في حالت التعب والرهاق‬ .Complex odontoma • • • ‫وهو ورم سليم‬ A child came to the clinic with continuous • involuntary movement of his head and extremities and difficulty in vocal communication. The Pt :may have which of the following conditions *** Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis • Rapidly progressive periodontitis ‫. other involuntary movements (e. ورم مصورات الملط‬Cementoblastoma ‫.g. صرع‬Epilepsy • • ‫ ***. The classical symptoms are spasticities. There can be joint and bone deformities and contractures (permanently fixed. facial gestures). The condition is :described as ‫. or motor development and coordination. This began over the weakened while studying for the final exam.An 18 years old Pt present complaining of • pain. bad breath and bleeding gingival. unsteady gait. tight muscles and joints).e. ورم سني‬Compound odontoma . problems with balance.‫والتوتر رغم العناية الفموية الجيدة‬ :The following are types of hamartoma EXCEPT (‫ورم عابي )خلقي‬ • ‫ ***. and/or soft tissue findings . spasms. reflexes. شلل دماغي‬Cerebral palsy All types of cerebral palsy are characterized by abnormal muscle tone (i.

and/or behavioral disorders . apraxia.learning disabilities. eating problems. CP symptomatology is very diverse. *** التناضح‬Osmosis • • • ‫.Speech and language disorders are common in people with Cerebral Palsy The movement of water across a selectively :permeable membrane is called ‫. الرتشاح‬Filtration ‫.Mesenchymal cell • High rate of fractures at canine area in the • mandible due to: I am not sure from the answer Change direction of forces occruing here *** Long canine root • • . The effects of cerebral palsy fall on a continuum of motor dysfunction which may range from slight clumsiness at the mild end of the spectrum to impairments so severe that they render coordinated movement . epilepsy. Scissor walking (where the knees come in and cross) and toe walking (which can contribute to a gait reminiscent of a marionette) are common among people with CP who are able to walk.consisting largely of decreased muscle mass. . mental retardation.virtually impossible at the other end the spectrum Secondary conditions can include seizures. but taken on the whole. النقل الفعال‬Active transport ‫. dysarthria or other communication disorders. sensory impairments. النتشار‬Diffusion • • :Cell that can give more than one type • ‫. مصورات الليف‬Fibroblast Odontoblast • • *** .

Ameloblastoma • .Lower border is thin in this area Alveolus is thin in this area • • :Lesion similar to Endo Lesion • Hyperparathyroidism • • ‫ *** درجة‬Initial stage of cemental dysplasia ‫أولية من خلل تنسج الملط‬ Ossifying Fibroma • • ‫. كيسة سنية‬Dentigerous cyst .Affect growth centre • • • . ورم مخاطي ووعائي‬Myxoma & hemangioma Which virus is present in the patient's mouth ?all his Life Herpes Simplex Herpes zoster Varecilla Virus • • • • • *** None of the above HSV1 ‫سؤال عن الفيروس الذي يسكن الجسم مدى الحياة: هو الهربس‬ • Infection is more dangerous in children than :adult because ‫ *** النقي‬Marrow spaces are wide .Lateral periodontal cyst • • ‫.

التهاب الغدة اللعابية الفيروسي‬Viral sialoadenitis . peterson.Hypo calcification in enamel • The Common disease affecting the :submandibular salivary gland is *** Salivary calculi • • • ‫.mortality connected with treatment Oral pathology clinical pathologic correlation. *** التوخيف‬Marsupialization • Treatment of ranulas could involve either marsupialization or more often excision of both the gland and lesion.Infected sialoadenitis • • :Ranula Can be treated by • ‫.. Ranulas are likely to recur if the sublingual gland or other gland causing them is not also removed with the lesion. الستئصال .القطع‬Excision ‫. الكي‬Cauterization ‫. 4th edition. There is little morbidity or . Page 447 . Page 222 Marsupialization can be performed before a definitive" "excision And Contemporary oral and maxillofacial surgery. البضع‬Incision • • • ‫.3rd edition. متعدد الشكال‬Pleomorphic adenomas ‫.

Initiating the color *** . *** )كل بمفرده‬Individually based programs the community based program is more accurate coz it is cost effective 60 ‫أكسفورد ص‬ One-to-one in the clinical environment.the type of :finish line is *** Chamfer • • • Beveled shoulder deep chamfer is the answer :Benefits of opaque porcelain layer .…The usual treatment of ranula is marsupialization The preferred tx for recurrent or persistent ranula is excision of . it is . the most • :effective and most cost effective method is . However.expensive in terms of manpower .the ranula and sublingual gland For the ceramometal restorations. because the message can be tailored to the individual and reinforcement is facilitated.A & b • • • • In terms of caries prevention.. This is usually the most successful approach.Community based programs • Private based programs • • (‫.Bonding the metal structure .

.‫الزملء أجابوا سابقا على هذا السؤال بالختيار الول، ولكن الفقرة السابقة توصلنا للختيار الثالث‬ ً

Radiographic examination in impacted teeth is :useful to demonstrate Proximity of the roots to the adjacent .anatomical structures
.Associated pathology *** .All of the above • • •

‫: الوبائيات‬Epidemiology can be defined as
.A study of special areas of the skin • •

The study of the distribution and *** .determinant of disease in man
.Study of biological animals •

.Study of disease in research laboratory

:Most common Benign Tumer in oral cavity is *** .(Fibroma (Ameloblastic fibroma •

Which of the following spaces are bilaterally ?involved in Ludwig's angina Submandibular + masticatory spaces Sublingual+Lat.Pha.space
• •

.Submandibular+sublingual+submental ***

.....When you do amalgam finishing

.Immediately

• •

*** .hours later 24

..... When polishing amalgam rest

• •

Avoid heat generation by using wet polishing paste Wait for 24 hours
*** .A & b • • • • •

A only B only

:The roof of mandibular fossa consist of

‫. *** كثيف‬Thin compact bone ‫. إسفنجي‬Spongy bone ‫. إسفنجي‬Cancellous bone
• •

Neoplasm that spread by Lymphatic from the :angle of the mouth reach the ‫. أمام صيوان الذن‬Preauricular Lymph nodes
***.Mental Lymph nodes • • •

*** .Submandibular Lymph nodes

‫. الضفيرة الجناحية‬Pterygoid plexus

• •

‫. الوداجية-ذات البطنين‬Jugulo-digastric nodes Both answers are true

I am ‫: فقر الدم الل تنسجي‬Aplastic anemia is caused by not sure from the answer
.Tetracycline •

.Penicillin

• • •

.Erythromycin

‫. *** مثل السيبتريم‬Sulfonamide

In many cases, the etiology is considered to be idiopathic (cannot be determined), but one known cause is an autoimmune disorder in which white
.blood cells attack the bone marrow

Aplastic anemia is also sometimes associated with exposure to toxins such as benzene, or with the use of certain drugs, including chloramphenicol, carbamazepine, felbamate, phenytoin, quinine, and phenylbutazone. Many drugs are associated with aplasia mainly according to case reports but at a very low probability. As an example, chloramphenicol treatment is followed by aplasia in less than 1 in 40,000 treatment
.courses, and carbamazepine aplasia is even more rare

Exposure to ionizing radiation from radioactive materials or radiation-producing
.devices is also associated with the development of aplastic anemia

Aplastic anemia is present in up to 2% of patients with acute viral hepatiti In some animals aplastic anemia may have other causes. For example, in the ferret (Mustela putorius furo) aplastic anemia is caused by estrogen toxicity. This is because female ferrets are induced ovulators, so mating is required to bring the female out of heat. Intact females, if not mated, will remain in heat, and after some time the high
.levels of estrogen will cause the bone marrow to stop producing red blood cells

Also: chloramphenicol, phenylbutazone [Butazolidin], and such .anticonvulsant agents as mephenytoin

What is the amount in mg in 1.8 ml of xylocain mg/ml 20 mg/ml 1.8
*** .mg 3.6 • • •

Dental decks ‫حسب‬

‫إذا كان تركيز الليدوكائين 2% تكون كميته 6.3 ملغ لن حجم المبولة 8.1 سم مكعب‬ ‫إذا كان تركيز الدرينالين جزء من 000001 تكون كميته 810.0 ملغ‬ ‫وليس هناك علقة بين تركيز الليدوكائين وتركيز الدرينالين‬

The scientific evidence in dictating that oral • ‫: محتمل الخباثة‬Lichen planus is a "premalignant Lesion" is Very strong Non-existent
• • •

Moderately strong
*** .Weak •

Odontogenic infection can cause least ‫: أقل الختلطات لسباب سنية‬complication ‫. خراج رئوي‬Pulmonary abscess ‫. التهاب الصفاق‬Peritonitis
• • •

‫. إنتان صمام بديل‬Prosthetic valve infection

***‫. خثرة الجيب الكهفي‬Cavernous sinus thrombosis

Dental Secrets – page 260 What are the significant complications of untreated ?Odontogenic infection Tooth loss • Spread to the cavernous sinus and brain • • Spread to the neck with large vein complications • Spread to potential fascial spaces with compromise of the airway Septic shock •

:Cavernous sinus thrombosis not manifested as .infra orbital syndrome .Syncope due to atrial obliteration .eye exophthalmos

Dental Secrets – page 263
:Cavernous sinus thrombosis

Patients present with proptosis, orbital swelling, neurologic .signs, and fever

:In class 3 jaw relation in edentulous Pt .It will effect size of maxillary teeth .Affect retention of lower denture • • •

esthetic and arrangement of ====== .maxillary denture
*** .All of the above •

:Endomethasone is a root canal sealer that

• •

Dissolve in fluid so it weaken the root canal .filling
.Very toxic contain formaldehyde .Contain corticosteroids *** .All the above • • •

Cause that master G.P not reach working • :length although it is the same size of last file ‫. برادة‬Dentin debris ‫. درجة‬Ledge formation
• •

*** .A & b

• •

None of the above

Small access opening in upper centeral incisor :lead to
.Complete removal of the pulp • •

*** .Incomplete removal of the pulp .Conservative restoration •

In sickle cell anemia O2 decreased in oral ‫: فقر الدم المنجلي‬mucosa
*** .True • •

False

:Selection of shade for composite is done .Under light •

.After drying tooth & isolation with rubber dam *** .None of the above •

:Blood supply of the palate is from *** .Greater palatine artery *** .Lesser palatine artery *** .Facial artery • • •

‫. *** الوتدي الحنكي‬Long sphenopalatine artery

page 44" And Dental Decks – page 150 Loss of sensation in the anterior 2/3 of the ‫: شلل‬tongue is related to paralysis of *** .The zygomatic process • • Maxillary sinus wall • "Dental Radiographic Diagnosis by Dr.Vitality of the pulp :How can you prevent dental hyper sensitivity *** .Restoration by adhesion • • Controlled by alcohol Put sedative medication • • A U. Thunthy .Anatomising braches from all of the above ‫ فروع تشريحية‬EXCEPT c We distinguish between periapical and :periodontal abscess X-ray examination Clinical examination • • • • • *** . تحت اللساني‬Hypoglossal nerve .shaped radiopaque structure in the upper ‫1: ظليل‬st molar x-ray is *** .Lingual nerve • • • ‫.

mm above the occlusal plane 7 • • At the occlusal plane.B) The location of the nerve *** .mm below the occlusal plane 7 • • • *** .‫والتذوق للثلث الخلفي، أما العصب تحت اللساني فمسؤول عن حركة اللسان‬ :The choice of local anesthesia depend on • Diameter of the nerve Structure of the bone Number of branches • • • *** .‫الطباق في عمر 9 سنوات، إلى 61.4 ملم فوق مستوى الطباق عند البالغين‬ .‫اختيار المادة المخدرة بحد ذاتها هو أمر يتعلق باستعداد المريض لها‬ :Choice of local anesthesia technique influenced by .*** This answer according to the internet :‫حسب دراسة صينية‬ ‫يتراوح موقع ثقبة الفك السفلي من 21. حبل الطبل‬Chorda tympani nerve • ‫العصب اللساني )فرع مثلث التوائم( مسؤول عن الحساس في أول ثلثين من اللسان، وعصب حبل‬ ‫الطبل )فرع الوجهي( مسؤول عن التذوق فيهما، والعصب اللساني البلعومي مسؤول عن الحساس‬ .A agent chemistry • .a) Chemical composition of anesthesia .4 ملم تحت مستوى الطباق في عمر 3 سنوات، إلى مستوى‬ .C) Bone structure compact ‫ أو كثيف‬cancellous ‫اختيار تقنية التخدير تتعلق بكون العظم إسفنجي‬ When you give inferior dental block for pedo Pt the angulations for the needle .mm below the occlusal plane 5 .Type of L.‫.

فجوات‬Vacuoles • • • • • The organelle most closely associated with the ‫: العضيات‬manufacture of proteins within the cell ‫.Nucleolus .‫وترتفع الثقبة من الثلث السفلي للشعبة الصاعدة في عمر 3سنوات إلى الثلث المتوسط عن البالغين‬ :The cell primary site of ATP production is • ‫.. النويات‬Nucleolus ‫. النوى‬Nucleus ‫. جسيمات حالة‬Lysosomes ‫.Cell wall • • • • • • . الشبكة الهيولية‬Endoplasmic reticulum *** Golgi apparatus • • • Mitochondria Nucleus • • The process of attraction of neutrophils to a :site of Local tissue injury is called • . *** ريباس‬Ribosome . *** متقدرات‬Mitochondria ‫.Cell membrane The packing and sorting of protein is the :function of ‫.Lysosome .

نفوذية‬Permeability • ‫.. and odontogenic keratocysts :The process of cell engulfing particle is called • ‫عملية ابتلع الخليا للجزيئات‬ ‫. انسلل‬Diapedesis • • ‫. قصبي‬Broncho • • ‫ خيار ناقص‬ALL OF THE ABOVE :Cholesterol crystals are found in • ‫.edu.pdf Cholesterol crystals are found in many odontogenic cysts including radicular . *** كيسة متقرنة‬Keratocyst Periodontal cyst • • http://ses. احتساء‬Pinocytosis • .cysts. تحفيز كيميائي‬Chemokinesis ‫. قذف‬Exocytosis • • • ‫. التقام‬Endocytosis ‫. *** انجذاب كيميائي‬Chemotaxis ‫.usyd. *** بلعمة‬Phagocytosis ‫.z%20Iqubal.library. dentigerous cysts.au/bitst. بلعمة‬Phagocytosis ‫. رعاف‬Epistaxis • • :Action of Histamine • • ‫.‫.. توسع الوعية‬Vasodilatation ‫.

3rd edition. Page 294 ‫: القناة الدرقية اللسانية‬Thyroglossal duct cysts . ظهارة مينائية ضامرة‬Reduced enamel epithelium . *** جذري‬Radicular cyst .pathway of the embryonic thyroglossal duct . مكعبي الشكل‬Cuboidal in type • • ‫. dentigerous cyst Lining ‫: الكيسة السنية المبطنة بظهارة‬epithelium may be ‫.Are sometimes called Lympho-epithelial cysts • ‫المرجع‬ .Are only found in the posterior tongue • • • .Unerupted mandibular third molars • • • Histopathologically. *** حرشفي مطبق‬Stratified squamous in type ّ ‫.The Most common odontogenic cysts in the :jaws are ‫.All of the above • • • ‫المرجع: ويكيبيديا‬ Oral pathology clinical pathologic correlation.Keratocyst • • • Most commonly dentigerous cysts are :associated with Unerupted permanent maxillary canines *** .Clinically present in the Lateral neck tissue May be found anywhere along the • *** .

wikipedia.Cementoblastoma • • • • *** .3rd edition. Page 357 :Toothgerm of primary teeth arise from *** .Epithelial cell of malassez http://en.Osteo-sarcom • ‫المرجع‬ Oral pathology clinical pathologic correlation.Dental lamina . The dental lamina is first evidence of tooth development and begins at the sixth week in utero or three weeks after the rupture of the .Enamel organ • • • • • . ورم عظمي‬Osteoma . Page 316 Unilateral swelling + slowly progressing Lesion :on the Left side of the mandible.Ossifying Fibroma .3rd edition.Oral pathology clinical pathologic correlation. This could be ‫. غمد هيرتفغ‬Hertwig sheath • .buccopharyngeal membrane :Apical periodontal cyst arise from • ‫.org/wiki/Dental_lamina The dental lamina is a band of epithelial tissue seen in histologic sections of a developing tooth.Dental follicle .

Epithelial cell rest of malassez • Ref: Apical periodontal cyst= periapical cyst = radicular cyst: these inflammatory cysts derive their epithelial lining from the proliferation of small odontogenic epithelial residues (rests of Malassez) within the PDL . They are discrete clusters of residual cells from Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS) that didn't completely disappear.org/wiki/Epithelial_cell_rests_of_Malassez In dentistry. Southam Emeritus Professor of Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology University of Edinburgh UK http://obm. It is considered that these cell rests proliferate to form epithelial lining of variousodontogenic . C.4th Ed.Epithelial rest of malassaz . (2005) J.quintessenz.Hertiwigs • • *** .de/index.*** .‫الكياس الذروية والجذرية تحصل على بطانتها الظهارية من تكاثر بقايا ظهارة سنية المنشأ‬ .php?doc=html&abstractID=9558 http://en. أنفي دمعي‬Nasolacrimal cyst .wikipedia.‫أما الكياس حول السنية فمن الغدد اللثوية‬ :Formation of periodontal cyst due to • ‫.Peals of serres • • Oral Pathology . the epithelial cell rests of Malassez or epithelial rests of Malassez (frequently abbreviated as ERM) are part of the periodontal ligament cells around a tooth. V. Soames Professor of Oral Pathology University of Newcastle upon Tyne UK And J.

It is-in a lateral rather than an apical location because the inflammatory stimulus is emanating from a lateral canal. They are named after Louis-Charles Malassez (1842– 1909) who described them.cysts such as radicular cyst under the influence of various stimuli. It is usually located between the . Some rests become calcified in the (periodontal ligament(cementicles ‫بقايا ملسية جزء من الرباط حول السني وهي تتمايز عن ما تبقى من خليا من غمد هرتفغ، وهي التي‬ ‫تتكاثر لتشكل البشرة المبطنة للكياس سنية المنشأ كالكيس الجذري، وبعض البقايا تتكلس في الرباط‬ .Cell rest of serss • • • • .Cell Rest of Malassez .‫فتكون الخليا الملطية‬ Which is the most Likely cause of periodontal ?cyst *** . The lateral periondontal cyst is a developmental cyst in which the epithelium probably is derived from rests of dental lamina.Cell of Hertwig sheath :‫كلم مختلف‬ Dental secrets – page 66 What is the difference between a lateral radicular cyst and a . The associated tooth is always nonvital.19 lateral ?periodontal cyst A lateral radicular cyst is an inflammatory cyst in which the epithelium is derived from rests of Malassez (like a periapical or apical radicular cyst).

Always originates from Langerhans cells within epithelium. The risk of malignant change being present in epithelium is greatest in: a. Chronic hyperplasic candidiasis d. Histopathologically adenoid cystic carcinoma in characterized by islands of: a. Always originates within the surface epithelium. The roof of mandibular fossa consist of: a. Basophilic islands of tumor cells that are intermingled with areas of pseudocartilage. Speckled Leukoplakia Erythroplakia. c. ‫عنيبات مصلية‬ d. ‫نسيج اسفنجي‬ 3. *** c. Erythroplakia.. ‫موسين‬ classic cribriform type consisting of pseudocystics. *** ‫عظم قاسي‬ b. Homogenous Leukoplakia b. c. b. Thin compact bone.The lesion is a precancer. it carries a higher than normal risk of malignant transformation . Cancellous. ‫جزر قاعدية‬ ‫التلون من الخليا الورمية المتداخلة مع غضاريف كاذبة‬ b. which are vital 2.mandibular premolars. i. Primary malignant melanoma of the oral mucosa: ‫القيتاميني الخبيث‬ a. Basophilic islands of tumor cells having a "Swiss cheese" appearance and evidence of serous acini. Always originates from nevus cells in the connective tissue. Mostly originates within the surface epithelium. Basophilic islands of tumor cells having a "Swiss cheese" appearance. *** c. Spongy bone.e. that divide the lobule in numerous cylinders giving it the appearance of Swiss cheese or honeycomb 5. *** d. 4. Basophilic islands of tumor cells that contain mucin and normal acini.

The most common malignant tumors of the minor salivary glands are: a. None of the above 10. Currently the only effective preventive measure for periodontal disesse (apart from limited use of antiseptic solutions) is: a. An increased thickness of the prickle cell zone (stratum spinosum).e . DEJ. A decreased production of keratin b. Prismless enamel. comprising 85% of all salivary gland neoplasms adenoid cystic carcinoma is the most common malignant tumor of all minor salivary glands 8. Salt flouridation c. c. ‫الميناء الل موشوري‬ b. The term acanthosis refers to: a.[1] Acanthosis implies increased thickness of stratum spinosum 7. All of the above. *** d. Regular and rough removal of dental plaque. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma. Is world wide in distribution but uneven in intensity. *** 9. Can be prevented d.benign SGTs. An increased production of keratin c. Dental health education. At which location in enamel is the density of enamel crystals is lowest: a. *** b. Dental caries: a. *** ‫الملتقى العاجي المينائي‬ . Adenoid cystic carcinoma and adenocarcinoma b.6. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma and polymorphous Low grade adenocarcinoma Pleomorphic adenomas (benign mixed tumors) are the most common . *** e. *** d. None of the above Acanthosis is diffuse epidermal hyperplasia. Adenoid cystic carcinoma and acinic cell carcinoma c. Is a transmissible disease b.

Facial enamel. Foramen rotundum. h.‫ينفتح على الجوف الوتدي الغربالي: الجيب الوتدي‬ . Mandibular branch of trigeminal nerve leaves the skull through: a. posterolateral to the foramen rotundum 13. A & b. Sphenoid. A. Temporal. *** The foramen ovale is situated in the posterior part of the sphenoid bone. Posterior ethmoidal sinus. Superior orbital fissure.c. ‫وداجية‬ The ophthalmic. *** ‫)الثقبة البيضاوية )للعظم الوتدي‬ c. the foramen rotundum and the foramen ovale. ‫الجيب الغربالي الخلفي‬ c.‫ينفتح على الصماخ الوسط: الجيب الغربالي المامي والوسط‬ . d. The mnemonic standing room only can be used to remember that V1 passes through the superior orbital fissure. maxillary and mandibular branches leave the skull through three separate foramina: the superior orbital fissure. c. Center of enamel Prisms. The following structures open into the middle meatus: ‫الصماخ‬ a. Nasolacrimal duct. b. Foramen ovale. ?????? b. Foramen oval is in the following bone: ‫النافذة البيضية‬ a. All of the above . Occipital.‫ينفتح على الصماخ السفلي: القناة النفية الدمعية‬ . ‫)الثقبة المدورة )للعظم الوتدي‬ b. g. Maxillary sinus. ‫الجيب الوتدي‬ e. V2 through the foramen rotundum. e. *** i.‫ينفتح على الصماخ العلوي: الجيب الغربالي الخلفي‬ . Sphenoid sinus. Anterior ethmoidal sinus. C & e. Edge of enamel Prisms. e. d. f. Inferior orbital fissure. 11. d. and V3 through the foramen ovale 12. ‫الميناء الموشوري‬ d. b & d. Jugular foramen.

14. Location to give inferior alveolar nerve block the landmarks are: pterygomandibular raphe /1 cronoid notch /2 *** .sphenoid bone .‫الفقي(، الوتدي يتوضع وسط المفصل والبري من خلف المفصل إلى زاوية الفك‬ 15. *** :* Ref The lateral temporamandibular ligament: limits the movement . Sphenomandibular. All of the above.all of the above /3 16. ‫فكي سفلي إبري‬ d. The superior surface of the sphenoid bone 17. Optic nerve coming from which bone: . ‫فكي سفلي صدغي‬ b.of the mandible in a posterior direction The sphenomandibular ligament lies on the medial side of the . Tempromandibular. Ligaments associated with TMJ: a. The optic foramen canal is a part of: A)Frontal bone *** .B)Sphenoid bone C)Esthmoid bone The optic foramen is the opening to the optic canal. ‫فكي سفلي وتدي‬ c. Stylomandibular.joint The stylomandibular ligament lies behind and medial to the .joint ‫الرباط الفكي السفلي الصدغي يحدد حركات الفك الخلفية وله قسمان )الخارجي المائل والداخلي‬ .

palatal 18. GI cem. ورم غدي متعدد الشكال‬Pleomorphic adenoma 19. Table. A. Polycarboxylate b. c. Which most common salivary gland neoplasm: ‫ورم‬ ‫.low cost washes out at margins long history of use X .low cost most effective temporary) long history when in contact with ( of use pulp X antibacterial. GI cement .zygomatic . unable to long history. Which of the following types of base materials can be placed in contact with polymethyl methaacrylate & not inhibit the polymerization of the resin: a. *** d. Materials used for liners. bases. ZOE e. withstand sealing condensation ability forces X long history low pH X long history thickness may inhibit seating of casting moisture sensitive moisture. Zinc phosphate ‫حسب كتاب المواد السنية‬ c. and cements Varnish Liner Base X Advantages Limitations . technique sensitive Cement Calcium Hydroxide X Zinc Oxide Eugenol X X Zinc Oxyphosphate Zinc Polycarboxylate X X Glass Ionomer Resin X X X X X fluoride release adhesive strength 20. The following cavity bases are moisture sensitive: a. ZOE b..

c. ‫منفرجة‬ 24.com/export . Hand instrument. Right angles. d. Cement which contains fluoride: a. b.c. GI. for restoration with composite resin all cavosurface angles should be a. c. *** The answer is wrong and the best answer I found was this . Polycarboxylate cement. The most desirable finished surface composite resin can be provided by: a. Obtuse angles.com/viewer? a=v&q=cache:7ZZbodpOS9gJ:funktionalconsulting. White stones. Diamond finish burs. c.google. *** b. B. ZOE. d. c.action%3Flocation %3D78+best+retentive+cements&hl=en&pid=bl&srcid=ADGE ESjDU9CrnG4qyeP1izDIm3OpEjkER3PlE2gYTYo78_idumZP_jsMKwyyunpYCBg9yZjan_J 3KuAB4Ee31eASFijWhmLylXK8TfxmIHKJH3mTMUMXeW6vr2NL m7ZLEQmv7O51gXf&sig=AHIEtbQgxcg38oCPPirGJLSkccbxleyc Sw 22. the type of cement wich give retention to crown 23. Celluloid matrix band. Zn phosphate cement d. In the preparation of cavity class II. Carbid finishing burs. Well rounded. d. *** 21. Acute angles. Varnish e. e. a-zn phosphate b-zn polycarpoxylate c-resin d-resin modified glass ionomer this is the link to understand better the properties of cements http://docs. Reinforced ZOE. *** b.

Best retained under matrix band.the most desirable finish surface for a composite resin can be provided by aluminum oxide disks :The best finished composite surface is achieved by-7 1. *** Diamond bur. 3. :Best finishing of composite done by 1. b. A class IV composite resin restoration should be finished with a: a. Mounted stone.fluted carbide bur. 2. 2. 4. Finishing stone later. f. 3. 26. A+B. 25. After class V GI restoration removal of a thin flush of GI is done by: a. Scaller or knife immediately. 330 Tungsten carbide bur. Cured then remove cement. 2. Finishing stone immediately. *** . Carbide bur. e. 12. c. 3. Following removal of cement then cured. *** Following removal of cement and not cured. 12 fluted bur. b. Diamond bur. Matrix band with no additional finish. No. A+D. c. Mounted stone. *** d. In class 5 composite restorations a layer of bonding agent is -8 :applied 1. Scale or knife later. Coarse diamond point (stone). d.

‫تعامل غير مناسب‬ . Corrosion. After finish class v glass ionomer cement we do finishing with: 1. Pumice slurry. A fine grit aluminum oxide polishing paste applied with a prophy cup is used to impart a smooth surface. ‫*** ثبات‬ :OR Indirect composite inlay over come the direct composite by insusffition polymerization /1 good contact proximaly/2 gingival seal /3 good retention /4 1-2-4 /1 *** . flexible abrasive discs used with a lubricant can be very effective. ‫كمية عاج قليلة‬ b. No enough bulk of dentine. ‫نحت زائد‬ d. 2. c. Good retention. Efficient polymerization. Also.27. ‫ختم‬ d. b. Good contact proximally. Indirect composite inlay has the following advantages over the direct composite EXCEPT: a. Over carving. Marginal deterioration of amalgam restoration should be due to: ‫تخرب أملغم الحواف‬ a. 28.1-2-3 /2 4-3 /3 29. ‫تآكل‬ c. Improper manipulation of amalgam. Gingival seal. Aluminum-oxide disc. "Art & Science of Operative Dentistry" Micron finishing diamonds used with a petroleum lubricant to prevent desiccation are ideal for contouring and finishing conventional glass ionomers.

e. c. *** b. *** ‫يقل التخرب مع زيادة النحاس وصغر الحفرة وكون الزوايا 09 )ما يسمح بكتلة كافية( ومع‬ ْ ‫التبطين بالفرنيش والعزل الفعال والنحت المتمادي الذي ل يترك زيادات قابلة للكسر والتكثيف الكافي‬ . g. C and d. abraded incisal edge & small M&D caries is by: a. Marginal deterioration of Ag restoration may be due to: ‫التخرب‬ ‫عند الحواف‬ No enough bulk. B. All of above. d.occlusal forces may be concentrated 31. and corrosion may have compromised the integrity of the . Improper manipulation of Ag.‫لزالة الزئبق‬ a. where amalgams are thinner. h. A restoration of anterior teeth with RCT.‫بجودة النوعية التجارية‬ These objectives help to conserve the dentinal support and strength of the tooth. *** B. c and d. f. None of the above. All the above. Art and science of operative dentistry 2000 – page 157 Amalgams that are corroded or have inadequate bulk to distribute stresses may fracture.e. They also help to minimize marginal deterioration of the restoration by locating the margins away from enamel eminencies where . extrusion may have occurred. Ceramometal crown. c. b. Composite laminated. A and b. Corrosion over carving. and they aid in establishing an enamel cavosurface angle as close as possible to 90 degrees .amalgam. ‫لم تظهر علقة بين نوعية المزج )آلي أو يدوي( أو كون النهاء في نفس اليوم أو اليوم التالي مقارنة‬ . d. f. d. Veneer. fracture is even more likely 30. . No dentin ( undermined enamel). At margins. c.

None of the above. Dental decks – page 4 the 8 inch technique exposes more tissue by producing .Calcium Fluoride 15.divergent beam ‫حسب هذا المصدر: القمع القصير يعرض المريضة لشعة أكثر أما الشعة في تقنية القمع البعيد‬ ‫فتتناثر خارج جسم المريضة، وإذا قال قائل إن طريقة القمع الطويل تحتاج زمن أطول للتعريض‬ ‫للشعة لزيادة وضوح الصورة يكون الجواب ببساطة: خطر قرب القمع ل يمكن تلفيه، وبالمقابل‬ . The body secret antibody against antigen using which cells: a.Alumina 28.6% . d.Aluminium Phosphate 3.8% Aluminium Fluoride 1. High sensitive film. Sio2. *** ‫ وهي تدعى‬pmns b. When take an x-ray to pregnant lady. Al2o3. *** b. Paralleling tech (Long cone) 16 inch. ‫ومن أجل مراعاة وضع الحامل ليس من الضروري إطالة زمن التشعيع‬ . Digital x-ray. T lymphocyte b.32.zno. *** e. B lymphocyte 34. cells: In diabetic patient. we use all of this method EXCEPT: a. Bisecting algle (short cone) 8 inch. caf. GIC Powder: Silica 41.3% . The powder for GI cement contain: a. Macrophages 35.7% . b.6% 33. c. Lead apron with thyroid collar.Sodium Fluoride 9. Neutrophil. Sio2. periodontium affected by which a.9% . barium sulphate c.

d. it should??? ‫في البحاث‬ a. *** Dentin laterally All of the above "Sturdevant's Art & Science of Operative Dentistry " ‫ييييي يييي ييييي ييي ييييي ييييييي يييييييي يييييي‬ 38. Protect you against legal risks c. ‫عمياء أو‬ ‫مزدوجة التعمية‬ b. Loss vertical dimension Pt have complete denture. Privacy of all subjects. ‫الرفض إذا كانت المادة التعليمية ترفض أن تأخذ شيء من الدراسة‬ 40. When take x-ray we should stand: a. ‫قبول‬ ‫المريض من عدمه‬ c. Object if the subject refuse to take part of the study. No different between blind & double blind.36. Ethics of the study include all of the following EXCEPT: ‫أخلق الدراسة والبحث العلمي‬ a. 37. Clinical research: a. If there's need of intervention. ‫إذا كان هناك حاجة لمداخلة‬ Cause of angular cheilitis: a. b. ‫السرية‬ b. In a study. a. . Informed consent may be required or not. 6 feet away in 90-135 angle. Protect against physical risks 39. Autoimmune factors. c. Proximal caries should be opened when: Confined within enamel…. 41. Protect you against role of the statistician b. *** b. Pass DE junction.

All are irrigation for canals EXCEPT‬‬ .‬ ‫يييي "ييييي يييي"‬ ‫كما يحدث عند المسنين فاقدي السنان أو البعد العمودي للسنان الطبيعية، ويحدث عند الطفال‬ ‫)عادة ترطيب الشفة(‬ ‫.‪6-7 months‬‬ ‫.2‬ ‫***. 13-15 years old‬‬ ‫.‫" ‪"Dental secrets‬‬ ‫يحدث التهاب الشفة الصواري عند نقص البعد العمودي الطباقي وعند تنضيد السنان الخلفية العلوية‬ ‫للدهليزي وعند رفع السنان السفلية فتمنع الخدود من إزالة اللعاب فيتجمع في زوايا الفم ويسيل. 20% Gp & 70% ZOE‬‬ ‫المرجع: ‪Endodontics + Elsevier: Article Locator‬‬ ‫تتألف أقماع الكوتا بركا من التالي:‬ ‫%57 )‪Gutta percha & barium sulfate) inorganic‬‬ ‫‪(23%organic (gutta percha‬‬ ‫البقية ‪transpolyisoprene‬‬ ‫.1‬ ‫.‪b.34‬ ‫:‪Component of Gutta percha‬‬ ‫‪a. 9-11 years old‬‬ ‫. 7-9 years old‬‬ ‫:‪Ugly duckling stage‬‬ ‫يستمر تباعد الرباعيات حتى تبزغ النياب.3‬ ‫:‪44.‪b.‪c.‬ ‫52-‪:Eruption of primary dentition starts from‬‬ ‫.24‬ ‫. 50% Gp & 50% ZOE‬‬ ‫*** .‪1 year‬‬ ‫.‪a.‬ ‫" ‪"Atlas Of Oral Medicine‬‬ ‫كما يحدث عند الصابة بالمبيضات البيض والعقديات والعنقوديات ونقص الحديد والفيتامينات وداء‬ ‫كرون واليدز والمراض المناعية.‪9 months‬‬ ‫.

?????? throw parotid gland: ‫عبر الغدة النكفية‬ Facial nerve.a. Naocl RC prep EDTA ‫مادة خالبة مثل‬ 45. 49. c.Streptococcal mutans 47. *** b. ???? b. For post preparation we should leave ……mm of GP: a.html Post and core . treat. *** ‫العصب الوجهي‬ Facial arteries. prevent. Saline. c. the free encyclopedia 46. Pass a. ‫الصح‬ c. Prevention. Hydrogen beroxide.. Observation c. Water flouridation b. ‫الوردة السباتية الظاهرة‬ Structures which pass through the parotid gland: 48.placement. The facial nerve and its branches run through the gland superficial to the retromandibular vein • . ?? Diagnose. Restore with G I In community diagnosis and treatment program: a. Proximal caries confined to enamel: a.experts123. b. 10mm c.. ‫الشرايين الوجهية‬ External carotid veins. 5mm. Most common bacteria causing caries: *** . b.Wikipedia.com/q/how-much. d. *** :‫المرجع‬ Http: //www.

Abutment which has RCT in cantilever FPD have higher susceptibility to fracture. To know what medications to give. ‫الدعامة المعالجة لبيا في جسر‬ ً ‫مجنح‬ 1st is true. e. To know general health data. 1-5% b. the maxillary artery and the superficial temporal artery. they shrink by 16 percent %40 ‫وفي أكسفورد ص 387 من 03 حتى‬ 50. . 10-20% ‫الصح‬ At a firing temperature of 1400° C. d. 5-10% c.2nd is false 1st is false. d. Both a &c 753 ‫أكسفورد ص‬ ‫ ومقاومتها للثني واللي‬Stiffness ‫زيادة عامل المرونة تدل على زيادة صلبة المادة‬ Flexibility Sturdevant's Art & Science of Operative Dentistry" Page 479 " 52. b. inside the gland • The retromandibular vein • 51. c. Low modulus of elasticity ( stiffness) ‫منخفض‬ c. *** 53. All of the above. which gives off its two terminal branches. Examination of Pt health by the dentist: To know the patients health. *** 2 statement true or false: RCT abutment of FPD has higher risk for fracture. b. High modulus of elasticity(stiff)*** ‫معامل مرونة عالي‬ b. a. a. ‫عامل المرونة العالي تمنع‬ ‫اللتصاق وينقص جهود الشد‬ d. Both are false Both are true.2nd is true. f.a. The cement under MOD amalgam have this character: a. The high modulus of elasticity prevent of bonding and decrease tensile strength. c. Porcelain shrinkage after firing: ‫التقلص بعد الحماء للخزف‬ The external carotid artery.

Maxilla b. *** b.. Radicular cyst. ‫تنتج عن التخدير صدمة وعائية مبهمة تسبب الغماء، كما أن من يسبب الغماء نقص السكر وليس‬ "vaso-vagal syncope "dental decks 1909 . Syncope.the%20Jaws.. 55.lsusd. Mandible. ‫إغماء‬ b. *** ‫صدمة وعائية مبهمية‬ b.‫الكيسة حول السنية الجانبية ظهارتها من بقايا الصفيحة السنية وغالبا بين الرحاء السفلية الحية‬ ً (‫)التهاب لثوي‬ http: //www.‫زيادته‬ 56. Fear. Both glass ionomer & polycarpoxylate cement contain: a. ‫كيسة جذرية‬ b. Factors delay healing of wound: ‫العوامل المؤخرة لشفاء الجروح‬ . Most common cyst oral cavity: a. CO2 .edu/faculty/. Most frequent cause of fainting in dental office: ‫الغماء‬ a. The most common cause of loss of consciousness in the" ‫مرجع‬ "dental office is syncope 57..lsuhsc. Vaso-vagal shock. ‫كيسة حول سنية‬ ‫الكيسة الجذرية الجانبية مصدرها قناة ثانوية لسن متموت وهي كيسة التهابية ظهارتها مشتقة من بقايا‬ (‫ملسية كالكيسة الذروية وحول الذروية.pdf :2 ‫مرجع‬ 58. ZOE powder. )التهاب سني‬ . Peridontal cyst.54. *** ‫بالعلوي نادر جدا جدا بسبب التروية الغزيرة‬ ً ً 59. Polyacrylic acid. Diabetes.. Loss of consciousness most frequent cause: a. Osteomyelitis most in: ‫التهاب العظم والنقي‬ a. c.

3-5days. Time since the avulsion. ‫النتان‬ Torn wound edges.. Nicotine stomatitis: ‫التهاب الفم النيكوتيني‬ a.C .aphthous ulcers are: Small size. *** 60. Prickle cell like shape prominent …base…*** ‫طبقة خليا شائكة فوق سماكة من النسج‬ Dental decks 2004 ‫المرجع‬ . Poor suturing b.‫أما القلعية فهي في النسج المخاطية ل المتقرنة‬ 63. In mucosa lining.P. d. Infection.a. Hyperplasia . ‫الوقت المنقضي‬ Dental secrets ‫المرجع‬ 64. a. c. Palate……. 24 h b. Factor interfere with healing: ‫تتعارض‬ a..hyper?? b.‫لسبوعين، أو ضماد ألفوجيل‬ 62. ‫تلوث الجذر‬ b.‫فرط تنسج‬ c. Avulsion more important factor that affect reimplantation: ‫أهم عامل يحدد إنذار إعادة الزرع‬ a. ‫للمقارنة بين القرحة الحلئية والقلعية فإن كبر القرحة ليس معيار للتفريق، والنوعان‬ . 2weeks ‫ )مركب من صبغة اليودوفورم‬Whitehead Varnish ‫يعالج بورنيش الوايت هيد‬ ‫( الموضوع على شاشة أو قطنة‬Pigmentum Iodoform Compositum) (B. ، ‫ل يتركان أثرا‬ ً Compared to herpetic ulcers. 1week d. Dry socket happen after: ‫التهاب السنخ الجاف‬ a. Infection ‫النتان أكيد ويجب أن يكون نقص الخياطة كذلك‬ 61. Contaminated roots. b. b. ‫الحواف المتشققة‬ Strain. c. *** c. ‫الجهاد‬ All of the above. *** Leave scars.

b. Generalized gray discoloration in a 28 years old patient’s teeth. Dentinogenisis imperfecta have all EXCEPT: ‫سوء تصنع العاج‬ a.Dentine dysplasia. *** b. with blue sclera and an enlarged pulp chambers and short roots. *** Symptoms of Dentinogenesis imperfecta. c. type I includes the 14 :symptoms listed below Bluish-gray teeth . 30years old pt came to the clinic with brownish discoloration of all his teeth (intrinsic discoloration) & yellowish in U/V light the most likely cause is: 1/ flourosis 2/ tetracycline.ray show large pulp chamber. Broken bone.Brittle bones .• Blue sclera 66.A) Dentinogenesis Imperfecta B) Amelogenesis Imperfecta 67.65.Recurring dental abscess .pulp chambers • Too small tooth roots . Broken enamel.Dentogerous imperfect.Bulbous teeth • crowns Absent tooth roots – canals . *** 3/ amelogensis imperfecta 4/ dentogensis imperfectea .Amber-colored teeth . type I The list of signs and symptoms mentioned in various sources for Dentinogenesis imperfecta. X. and multiple fractures in Enamel… the diagnosis is : *** .canals . thin dentine layer and enamel: a. 68. Blue sclera. d. Supernumerary teeth.pulp chambers • (Enamel separation from the ivory (dentin • Misaligned teeth .

Nose bleeding. *** ‫حليمات خيطية‬ a commonly observed condition of defective desquamation of the filiform papillae 71. Fungiform papillae. b. Inferior alveolar nerve. a. ( in coronal cementum) Acellular extrinsic fiber.teeth and the premolars 72. d.drains tip of tongue (through tongue muscles and mylohyoid). c. Parasthesia. *** Cellular mixed fibers( apical area) Intermediate cementum ( near CEJ) . Submental*** . Long buccal. submandibular: . Retropharyngeal . 73. Superior alveolar nerve. ‫يترافق كسر الفك السفلي مع سوء إطباق ونزف لساني وتحت لساني وضزز وخدر تحت الذقن في‬ . Hairy tongue is elongation of: ‫تطاول‬ a.:Drainage of tongue • • • • Deep cervical nodes: drains median part of anterior two-thirds.drains lateral part of anterior two-thirds. Malocclusion. *** c. Cementum in cervical 2/3 have: Acellular intrinsic fiber. submental . Filiform papillae. b.‫الجهة الموافقة‬ mcqs In Dentistry ‫المرجع‬ a. c.drains posterior third. canines and incisors: a. b. ‫حليمات كمئية‬ b. Mental nerve(branch of inferior alveolar) supply buccal gingivae of the mandibular anterior . Submandibular lymph nodes b. Drainage of tip of the tongue: a.69. What supply the gingival buccal tissue of premolars. *** Most sign of fracture of mandible: 70.

5-10Mp.8 mg 36mg mg\ml * 1. Should be atleast 2mm depth in dentin. Tetracyclin c. Treatment of fungal infections: a. DEJ. *** ????????? Disadvantage of digital x-ray EXCEPT: a. All. *** c. Shade selected after rubber dam. LA in mg if epinephrine 1: 100 000 in 2% xylocaine: Mg 1. Pins are insert into: a.8 ml = 36 mg 20 )2% 77. 100Mp. Composite restoration that was matching in shade.5mm fron DEJ. b.. one week it became much light. *** c. Enamel. Expensive 78. 2mm thickness of amalgam above it 75. Dentin. c. b. The reason could ………light started photoinitation.. Nystatin. after be: a. c. 76. 25Mp. *** . 30Mp. d. a. b. d.74. b. Penicillin b. 79. After etch enamel and bond it with 5th generation the strength of? a. c. 0. Absorption water. Large disk space Storage b. Clarity and resolution.

Prevent restoration from dislodgement. 3rd molar with mesioangular fused roots b. Most cause: a. Complete debridement of the canal 84. Healing b. 86. Sealing c. Mand 3rd molar with distoangular angulation with divergent curve roots *** 82. b. Very important part in endo treatment: a. Contraindication to extraction: a. uncontrolled diabetic. Perio endo lesion the primary treatment: a. Provisional luting cement: a. Hard and rough *** b. *** b. Base of the flap should be wide for: a. Mand. Better blood supply to the wound. *** 80. Most difficult of extract: a. Biocompatible. Pt have hyperventilation in clinic. 88. *** 83. Previous recent radio therapy. Cardiac pt. Easy to detach c. Has component of salivaqwsAS . hematologic malignancy. uncontrolled cardiac disease 87. Supra calculus all true EXCEPT: a. coagulopathy. Increase CO2 c. leukemia. *** b. b. 81.Properties of ideal endo obturation material are all EXCEPT: a. Anxiety. Endo treatment. 85. Deep scaling and root planning. Radiolucent. Reduced of CO2 b. *** Also.

b. Chemical 92. -Mechanical chemical bonding. Young with open apex examination test: . Traditional Glass ionomer: a. clay in nature. white or yellowish in colore its component mostly from slaiva Sup>>>> hard.difficult to detect 89. Wider buccolingually d. most of its component from cervical fluid. Pontic design of an FPD: a. . In teenager. Thickness of luting cement: ?? a. Use with young. None of the above 94. Full concentration b. *** 95. Same size buccolingually of the missing tooth b. *** c. Maryland bridge: a. 100 micrometer b. dark in color(green on black). Periodontal disease c. recent truma. 40micro meter c. One fifth concentration. premature apex 96. Formacresol used in: a. calcification. 5th concentration c. After trauma b. False negative result>>>> patient pre-medicated with analgesic. Mechanical bonding. To replace single missing tooth. False negative response of an electric pulp test given: a. Zinc phosphate cement: a.Supra>>>> less harder. 1mm Best thickness 15-25 micro meter 90. Smaller than missing buccolingually. 93. Mechanical attachment *** b. *** 91. Acid-base reaction *** c. b.

Gold ti .. Best media in order>>> HBSS>> Saliva>>>milk>>>>saline>>>>water e. Crestal bone to gingival sulcus Its physiologic dimension of epithelium and connective tissue attachment(sulcus + epithelium+ connective tissue) = 2. Primary teeth had trauma. Best media for the avulsed tooth: Tap water.04 Rigid palatal strap major connector. *** Saliva. 97. *** 98. HBSS (Hank's balanced salt solution). .…… gold. d. None of the above. In enamel caries passing half of enamel: a. less pulp exposure. B& c. ***??????????? . g. The material of construction is co-cr. Milk. 99.what should you tell the parents: a. Inflammation of pulp. the best preventive measurement 100. i. b. Reliable. Leave it. Biological depth: j. tooth change in color become white yellowish .If there is no cavitations. wrought wire. c. Calcification of dentin. Non reliable. h. Restoration. c. the use of low speed hand piece in removal of soft caries in children is better than high speed because less vibration. Pulp is dead b.a. f.

galvanic.better than high speed. ?????????*** . Post length increasing will *** . The vertical fracture of the tooth detected by *** .increase retention.wheel and axle (1 *** widening the socket wall (2 wedging (3 lever(4 To kill HIV use all of the following EXCEPT naocl.periodontal pocket.ultraviolet chamber. Progression of initial caries to cavitations takes 18 month this based on strepto. autoclave. vertical percussion. Patient with amalgam usually complain of pain with *** .mutans initiate caries. chimoclave. radiographically. Principle of elevator use of all the following EXCEPT . increase strength of restoration. Hot . . increase resistant.cold. lactobacillia progress caries.

.a. Indurated diffuse swelling b. rapid infection . تورم منتشر قاسي‬A.Acute apical periodontitis :Pregnant lady needs oral surgery .2 . Needs under GA c. Pain of short duration with hot and cold *** .Q.dentin sensitivity. Widespread. Chronic apical periodontitis ****d.3 a.d. apical periodontitis.None of above ?When do we do incision and drainage ‫.Radiographic diagnosis of bilateral expansile radioopaque areas in the canine premolar area region of the mandible is a) Hematoma b) Remaining roots *** c) Torus mandibularis d) Internal oblique ridge e) Genial tubercle Bronchial asthma epinepherane concentration sub cautiously ***1/1000. :shade guideUnder light Dry tooth ????????????*** . Needs steroid cover *** . chronic pulpitis.irriversible pulpitis. Needs prophylactic antibiotic B. Sinus tract c. None of the above :When do we give antibiotic .

mobility D. Ulcer d. Perio disease c.7 a.c ***D.4 :education about ****a.‫يجب وجود خيار كل ما سبق‬ :Radiographic evaluation in extraction EXCEPT . Terminate RCT . Dental fluorosis :Hairy tongue elongation of . Multiple vesicles b. Fungiform c.‫ دفاع منقوص‬b. Filliform b. Compromised host defence .… .a.12 a. Arise from dental tissue b. Bulla :Odontogenic tumors .d . A & B Tooth requires RCT with bone resorption.13 . Have specific radiographic features … . crown condition and tooth . Access to the tooth.14 :at . Caries b.6 ****a. A&b Communities with high annual population growth need .B. Circumvalate d. Dentofacial anomalies d. All of the above e. Relationship of associated vital structures . Can turn malignant but rarely c. Foliate :Syphilis first appear as . Root configuration and surrounding bone condition C. Eryhthematous reaction ***c.

c ‫ممكن الحتمالت ناقصة.20 *** . Perio maintenance … .d Composite resto followup after 2 years showed stained .a.a b. Caries progress in enamel faster than dentin :Important factor in long term success of perio treatment . 0.c Incipient caries . Stress from polymerization shrinkage***(which may lead to (leakage b. Hydrolic destruction on bond … . Mutants … .a. Surface zone is relatively unaffected b.21 a.5-1 mm short of radiographic apex c.15 :margin a. Mylohyoid … . The surface zone is the largest portion with the highest pore volume .b :Organism that initiates caries .E. Cyclosporines .a. Tooth preparation and composite is the best treatment . Pulpal reaction is not possible .22 … ..الحل الصحيح هو‬ ****Marginal Leakage or micro leakage :Muscle that form floor of the mouth .c :Which causes gingival enlargement . 0..c.b … .a. Radiographic apex . Skill of the operator b.16 *** .5-1 mm beyond radiographic apex … .D.b. S.18 *** ..

A & b Digital radiography is a technique that shows transition .27 *** a. Buccal of 7 *** b. Its main advantage is the ability to manipulate the image by computer ??????????a. Fibroblasts c. 1st F..29 *** a.23 a. Cementoblasts b. Cementicles . oral contraceptive. Palatal of 7 d.a.Also calcium channel blocker. 1st T.30 . Sterile field *** . Distal of 6 & 7 Cementum is formed from . 2nd T c.28 ????????*** .d Teeth have convexity in buccal and lingual . Both F Root most commonly pushed in max sinus . phenytoin Pedo use rubber dam for .d. . 2nd F b. Improve visibility and access b. Buccal of 6 e. Upper premolars .24 from white to black. Both T d. Palatal of 6 c. B lymphocytes b.26 a. Lowers risk of swallowing c. T lymphocytes :Hyperventilation in dental office ..b Body defends itself by antibodies from . .

Zygoma d.c :The depth of cavity prep for composite in posterior . large follicle. All of the above *** .periodontal ligament and fused conical roots B. Mandible c. Milk b.32 *** a. Enhances the precipitation of insoluble fluoroapitite into the . Depends on tooth discoloration e. Mesioangular position. 0.ligament and curved roots C. wide periodontal .31 a.2 mm in dentin :Fluoride reduces caries activity by . Anxiety b. Reduces bacterial adhesion and carbohydrate storage . wide periodontal . Maxilla *** b.34 a. Mesioangular position.d. High CO2 Osteomyelitis more common . Depends on caries extension d. Water … .carious lesions . 0. Low CO2 c.5 mm in dentin *** c. B & C :Factors that make impaction surgery more difficult .((antimicrobial activity b. Limited to enamel b.E. Fluoride enhances remineralization of the noncavitated . wide .36 a. Distoangular position. large follicle.tooth structure c. Nasal septum e.*** a. large follicle.33 a. Condyle Avulsed teeth stored in .

d.42 :TMJ bone ‫. ARTHROGRAPHY d.A.d. MRI b. Number 10 blade .B.C.ligament and divergent curved roots E.a. Plain radiograph e. Staining b. Number 6 blade . narrow periodontal . Soft tissue impaction.ligament and fused conical rooths d. Number 15 blade ???????? :Moon face appearance is not present in .D. Number 12 blade *** .39 . separated from second molar and . Submentovertex *** b. Zygomatic complex . Le fort II and Le fort III :Main disadvantage of chlorhexidine .inferior alveolar nerve Which scalpel below is universally used for oral surgical . thin follicle.38 ?procedures . Le fort II C.41 symmetry a. Altered taste The radiograph shows condylar head orientation and facial . Reverse town c. Le fort III ??????*** .E.40 a. Distoangular position. Plain tomography . Le fort I .B. Transorbital The imaging showing disk position and morphology and . CT c.e. Burning sensation c. Opg . *** الرنين المغناطيسي‬a. Number 2 blade .

Zinc oxide particles b.D) computerized tomography Zinc phosphate cement and polycarboxylic cement both .44 have *** . :To check a perforation in the desk of the tmj we need . Rest of malassez decrease with age b.transcranial b-computerized t c-conventional t d-arthrography :To check TMJ range of movement (200 a) cranial imagery ** B) arthrography c) traditional tomography d) computerized tomograph .a.what kinds of radiographs which we do not use for TMJ-1 ?movements A. Silica quartz particles c.617 A) cranial imagery B) arthrography. Phosphoric acid ‫يحتوي كل فوسفات الزنك والبولي كربوكسيلت على 09% أكسيد زنك وحوالي 01% مغنزيوم‬ Epithelial cells . Rest of malassez increase with age c. Hertwig sheath entirely disappear after dentinogenesis .a. *** (CT after injection of a high contrast (fluid C) traditional tomography *** . Polyarcyilic acid d.46 *** .

has trauma in 11 . Naocl .c.d. Apexification (c.‫مقاومة للهتراء وأكثر امتصاص للماء ولكن أقل تسرب حفافي لنه يرتبط كيميائيا لجدران السن‬ ً Pt came with pain awaken her from sleep 20 a. More wear resistant c. Epithelial remnants could proliferate to periapical granuloma Enamel .m. Wad D. Permeability increase with age d. Stiff *** e.47 a. treatment is a. DPC (direct pulp capping d. open apex. with slight . Increase linear coefficient of Thermal Expansion B.a. Less soluble d. Polymerization shrinkage ‫بالمقارنة مع الكومبوزت: الينومير أقل في عامل التمدد الحراري )مماثل للميناء والعاج( وأقل‬ .. Hydrogen peroxide ‫يستفاد من خاصية تخثير الفورموكريزول للبروتين في تثبيت لب السنان المؤقتة‬ :GIC compared to composite . Formocresol b.50 *** . Extraction :Which intracanal medicament causes protein coagulation . Pulpotomy with formacresol b.52 a. Permeability reduce with age c.49 apical exposure . Repair by ameloblasts b. half an hour ago .. Permeable to some ions Pedo.. And .54 :could'nt sleep later .

56. d.reversible pulpitis b. Pt with severe pain in lower left mandibular molar. . percussion test. Apical radicular cyst *** b.a. Lingual arch. Chronic apical periodontits b. No need for space maintainer. *** Bilateral distal shoe. Band and loop. Actue apical periodontitis *** c. l. (answer correct if permanent incisor not erupted) 6 years old child lost his upper right 1st molar. examination positive pulp test . Most common cyst a. c. Crown and loop. None of the above. . B &C *** 57. Apical abcess d.. Assoc. *** 101. With paget disease b. years old child have 74 and 84 extracted best space 6 :maintainer is a. Hypercementosis a. Easily extracted with elevator e. Periodontal pain 55. Irreversible pulpitis c.. rt side have recent fpd upper: a.. arrangement: k. A single primary molar *** ‫رحى مؤقتة وحيدة‬ 102. no radiographic abnormality. Keratocyst c. Bulbous roots d. b. Lingual bar. Bilateral band and loop. Band and loop space maintainers is most suitable for the maintenance of space after premature loss of: ‫حافظة المسافة طوق وعروة تستخدم بالفقد المبكر لـ‬ a. m. A. Difficult extraction c.

59 *** .‫فقد الرحاء الولى: طوق وعروة ثنائي الجانب‬ . Band and loop b. 3. Nance appliance c. sm . lost 75 . A canine and a lateral incisor d. Two primary molars c.‫أما لو فقدت جميع الرحاء المؤقتة وكانت السنان المامية بازغة فالحل هو القوس اللساني‬ :Lower anterior teeth labial mucosa supplied by .‫بزوغ الرحى الولى الدائمة تكون حافظة المسافة طوق وضابط وحشي‬ years old patient lost his primary first maxillary molar the 36-5 :best retainer is 1.‫كابح شفة . *** Crown and loop. Nance appliance. ممكن جهاز متحرك‬ . 4. Lingual arch. Mental nerve .a.b. 2.‫إذا كانت الرحى الثانية المؤقتة بحاجة لتاج فيكون الخيار الثاني‬ years) child with bilateral loss of deciduous molars &the 6)-8 anterior teeth not erupted yet .the space maintainer for choice :is a-lingual arch B-bilateral band and loop c-bilateral band and loop with distal shoe d-removable partial denture ‫السؤال بهذه الصيغة )فقد جميع الرحاء المؤقتة مع بزوغ الدائمة وعدم بزوغ المامية( الحل هو‬ . All of the above Pedo ( forgot the age ) .58 *** a. Crown and loop ‫إذا كان عمر الطفل ست سنوات أو أكثر تكون حافظة المسافة طوق وعروة، وإذا كان عمره قبل‬ . Band and loop. .‫فقد الرحاء الثانية طوق وعروة وضابط وحشي ثنائي الجانب‬ .

C. Sensory *** b. Anterior palatine *** c. Both d.‫مخاطية القواطع، أما القاطعي فيعصب السنان‬ :Upper teeth palatal mucosa supplied by . Motor c. Post superior alveolar nerve :Buccal branch of trigeminal is .60 a.61 *** a. Psychomotor d. Buccal nerve ‫العصب الذقني هو أحد فرعي العصب السنخي السفلي وفرعه الثاني هو القاطعي، وهو يعصب‬ .62 *** . Motor c. Inferior dental nerve .‫الوجهي‬ Dentine permeability increases .Wikipedia. Sensory b.C.a.. Nasopalatine b.3 ‫الدهليزية السفلية من ض 2 حتى ر‬ ‫أما الفرع الخدي للعصب الوجهي فهو حركي مسؤول عن العضلة المبوقة إحدى عضلت التعبير‬ .b. the free encyclopedia ‫الفرع الخدي لمثلث التوائم هو العصب الخدي الطويل وهو عصب حسي يعصب الخد والمخاطية‬ . Mixed Buccal nerve . Permeability increase toward bcj ‫يزداد عدد القنيات العاجية بالنتقال من منطقة الطباق إلى السطوح المحورية ، ومن التاج إلى‬ . Coronal less than root dentine . Sensory and motor :Buccal branch of facial is a. Permeability increase toward DEJ .‫الجذر، ومن الملتقى المينائي العاجي باتجاه اللب‬ .b.

Amalgam :In restoring lost tooth. Deep sulcus *** d. Cobalt chromium b. Increase occ load on natural teeth *** b. Class III with modification ‫بسبب الحاجة الكبر للتثبيت‬ Porcelain teeth in complete denture opposing natural teeth .71 :opposing a. Shallow sulcus b..70 :are not preferred due to a. Titanium c. Class VI *** b.73 a. All of above :Indirect retainers mostly needed . Class I c.68 a. Porcelain d. A+b e.69 a. Nickle chromium d.67 a.. Class III d. Mobile anterior teeth c. Composite b.. Gold .:Which material has best biocompatibility Intraorally . Gold *** c. Palladium :Lingual plate . Clicking during mastication Which of following resto more likely to cause wear to . which is least important . Wear of natural teeth c. Esthetic .

. Enamel rods change their direction *** C. the free encyclopedia" :In clinical research . Blind or double blind b. Arch integrity and occlusal stability Enamel tufts are . Function d.77 a.b ‫ وقد وجدت ضرورة العودة لكثر من‬Squamous cell carcinoma ‫السئلة التالية حول‬ :‫مرجع للجابة عن هذه السئلة‬ . Pt demand c. Needs control c.b. Offers no benefits to subject at risk :One of the main cause of malocclusion . Includes intervention d.Wikipedia. Premature loss of primary teeth :To disinfect gutta percha .76 a. Extensions of odontoblasts in the DEJ .. Enamel rods get crowded ‫تتشكل في المنطقة التي تزدحم فيها المواشير المينائية‬ "Enamel tufts .74 a. Chemical agents .75 a.*** b.

Connective tissue‬‬ ‫:‪104.‬ ‫. Epithelial tissue‬‬ ‫.T2 NO MO‬‬ ‫‪d-T4 NO MO‬‬ ‫‪http://en. Stage Ib disease of squamous cell carcinoma‬‬ ‫‪A-T1 NO MO‬‬ ‫‪b-T3 NO MO‬‬ ‫‪*** .‪a.‬ ‫فيما بعد تبدو وبتقدم السرطانات تظهر بشكل قرحات ذات حواف مستديرة متبارزة وقاسية وتصبح‬ ‫مؤلمة.‬ ‫الحواف الجانبية الخلفية من اللسان هي الموقع الكثر شيوعا ضمن الفم )أكثر من 07% من‬ ‫ً‬ ‫سرطانات الفم تتشكل على الحواف الجانبية للسان والحافة السنخية المجاورة وقاع الفم(‬ ‫أكثر من 59% من سرطانات الفم هي سرطانات شائكة الخليا متمايزة بشكل جيد أو معتدلة‬ ‫التمايز.‫بالبداية.301‬ ‫:‪Squamous cell carcinoma is derived from‬‬ ‫*** ..wikipedia.c.org/wiki/Non-small_cell_lung_carcinoma‬‬ ‫‪TNM staging Grouping‬‬ ‫0‪TX N0 M‬‬ ‫‪Occult carcinoma‬‬ ‫0‪Tis N0 M‬‬ ‫0‪T1 N0 M‬‬ ‫0‪T2 N0 M‬‬ ‫0‪T1 N1 M‬‬ ‫0‪T2 N1 M‬‬ ‫0 ‪Stage‬‬ ‫‪Stage IA‬‬ ‫‪Stage IB‬‬ ‫‪Stage IIA‬‬ ‫‪Stage IIB‬‬ .‪b. فقرة مترجمة من كتاب ‪Cawson Essintials of Oral Pathology and‬‬ ‫‪ Oral Medicine 7th ed‬عن سرطان الفم والشفة:‬ ‫العوامل المسببة: التبغ والكحول – أشعة الشمس – النتانات – أمراض بالغشاء المخاطي –‬ ‫اضطرابات وراثية.‬ ‫السرطانات المبكرة البدئية تظهر بشكل لويحات حمراء أو بيضاء أو قرحات ضحلة وهي غير‬ ‫مؤلمة.

Postero-lateral border of tongue. Lip. Postero-lateral border of tongue. *** . Floor of the mouth. Most common site of squamous cell carcinoma: a. Skin. d.T3 N0 M0 T1 N2 M0 Stage IIIA T2 N2 M0 T3 N1 M0 T3 N2 M0 Any T N3 M0 Stage IIIB T4 Any N M0 Any T Any N M1 Stage IV (Survival rate (percents Grouping Five years Four years Three years Two years One year 61% 67% 71% 79% 82% 38% 41% 46% 54% 72% 34% 34% 38% 49% 79% 24% 26% 33% 41% 59% 13% 14% 18% 25% 50% 5% 1% 6% 2% 7% 13% 34% 2% 6% 19% IA IB IIA IIB IIIA IIIB IV 105. b. *** e. Buccal mucosa. 106. Most common site of oral squamous cell carcinoma: a. c.

erythroleukoplakia or erythroplakia (A reddened patch). e. The majority of introral squamous cell carcinomas are histologically: a. *** ‫متمايزة لحد ما‬ c. Red plaque. b. (2005) – page 247 :SCC Clinical appearance Most often seen as a painless ulcer. ‫كتل دون عنق‬ c. Spindle cell in type. an area of leukoplakia. Floor of the mouth.most common sites of intraoral cancer 107. ‫حويصلي‬ b. Well moderately differentiated. Buccal mucosa. :Early squamous cell carcinoma of oral cavity present as . *** f. Page 71-72 : Dental Secrets . True. Sessile mass. d. ‫مغزلية الشكل‬ d. d.b. Oral pathology clinical pathologic correlation. Lip. although may present as a swelling. An ulcer. 108.page 35 The posterior lateral and ventral surfaces of the tongue are the .78 a. Skin. A red plaque. Carcinoma in situation. A white cauliflower like lesion Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .3rd edition. c. Squamous cell carcinoma is multifactorial: ‫متعددة العوامل‬ a. *** b. or as malignant change of long-standing benign tumours or rarely in . False. Poorly differentiated. *** e. Vesicle.4th Ed.

Referred otalgia is a common manifestation of pain from oral cancer.‫وبقع حمراء‬ . A basal cell carcinoma c.40 is from d1 to d16 :The difference between cellulitis and abscess . 0. An ameloblastoma b.cyst linings.79 *** a.‫إذا جواب هذا السؤال هو ما يرد من هذين الخيارين لكن السبق هو البقع الحمراء‬ ‫ يتميز بحواف مرتفعة ثابتة بقاعدة صلبة حبيبية، وحسب‬SCC ‫أما بقية الصفات فخاطئة لن‬ ‫ فالصفة‬SCP ‫ عن الورم الحليمي شائك الخليا‬Burket. inflamed. Pain is usually a late feature when the lesion becomes superinfected or during eating of spicy foods. Firm. An odontogenic fibroma d.80 .40 is the diameter at d1 b.pedunculated papules with a cauliflower-like appearance 54. *** :File #40 means . A squamous cell carcinoma.Oral medicine – page 553 : "A white cauliflower like lesion " Squamous cell papillomas may present as exophytic . with an indurated.surrounding tissues ‫ هي كل من قرحة غير مؤلمة‬SCC ‫من النص السابق يتضح أن صفات السرطانة حرشفية الخليا‬ . granular base and is fixed to . 0. fixed neck nodes are most to be detected in association with: a. The ulcer is described as firm with raised edges.

Vital tooth :Most difficult of extract . order from the least difficult to most difficult to remove Mesio angular Horizontal Vertical Distoangular The opposite in maxilla Dental decks 1846 Typically distoangular impactions are the easiest to extract in the maxilla and most difficult to extract in the mandible. .a. the free encyclopedia :very important part in endo treatment.55 complete debridement of the canal- Minimum thickness of noble metal crown a-..1 mm . while mesioangular impactions are the most difficult to extract in the <maxilla and easiest to extract in the mandible Wisdom tooth .54 mand. Non vital tooth b.b Cause of radicular cyst .81 *** a.Wikipedia. Cellulitis acute stage with diffuse selling no pus . 3rd molar with mesioangular fused roots mand 3rd molar with distoangular angulation with divergent curve roots For imapacted mandibular molars.

1.5. prophylactic antibiotic needed in.2 mm ‫يييييي ييييي 5.1 "Art & Science .5 mm c-1 mm d.0.5 ‫ اقتراح‬generally conclusive. should be compered with antermere. *simply inconculosive.*** b-.1 ييي‬ 441 ‫ يييي‬Dental deck The necessary thickness of the metal substucture is 0.5 non strategic toothnon restorable teethvertical fracture teeth*** tooth with large periapical lesionArrange the steps [ca(oh)2 placing –varnish-base –amalgam .page 171 " x-ray periapical for immature tooth is.9 anesthesia not interaligamentary.0 . .b and c :Contraindication for endo treatment EXCEPT.5 mm To locate the canal orifice use a-barite probe b-endo spreader c-endo file with curved tip d-round bur healing by secondary intention cause -a b-there is space between the edges filled by fibrous tissue c-leading to scar formation d.5 mm the minimal porcelain thickness is 1.

Peterson's Principles of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2nd Ed " "2004 page 173 Z-plasty are effective for narrow frenum attachments. YEARS old patient need to make complete denture with 16. *** two false.10 gradually make recording post dam difficult two statement true. formation of blood. ‫ قطع تحت السمحاق‬subperiostum incision. 2006 ‫المرجع: "التعويضات المتحركة الكاملة" دمشق‬ ‫يييي ييي يييي ييييي ييييي يييي يييي يي يييييي ييييييي‬ ‫ي‬ ‫يييييي ييييي يييييي يييييييي ييييي يييي ييييي ييي يييييي‬ ‫يييييي يي يييي ييييي‬ caries progress in children more than adult due to. ‫ تحت السمحاق المخاطي‬deepmucoperiosteum incision. Vestibuloplasty is often indicated for frenum attachments with . "Dental secrets " Soft palate falls abruptly facilitate recording post dam. routine tooth brushing.a wide base . second true.15 *** fibrous in growth.suture removal.12 difference in ph. first false. second false. falls . *** orthodontic band. first true.60 thick labial frenum with wide base. increasing in organic content of tubular dentin by age. The operation ‫. osteogensis during endodontic surgery aimed to prevent. *** generalized dentin sclerosing by age. growth factor. *** رأب دهليز الفم‬vestibuloplasty. z-plasty.

18 *** . egg shaped.htm Retention of amalgam depends on a-amalgam bond *** b-convergency of walls oclusally c-divergency of walls oclusally d retentive pins Bhatia's Dentogist: mcqs in Dentistry Energy absorbed by the point of fracture called a-ultimate strength b-elastic limit *** .Wikipedia. ridge lap.c-toughness d-brittleness Toughness It is defined as the amount of energy per volume that a .material can absorb before rupturing Toughness .who.int/publications/emhj/0503/08.emro.‫المادة المركنة وهذا غير مفضل عند الطفال، أما الخيار الثالث )تثبيت الطفل( فهو لهذه الحالت‬ class III crown fracture in child patient the type of pontic. ‫بسبب وجود ردود الفعل الجسدية الخيار الول غير ممكن، أما الخيار الثاني فيعني زيادة جرعة‬ . redo sedation. hygienic. What should dentist do conscious sedation. the free encyclopedia . The oral epithelium is stratified squamous epithelium will thickened and give dental lamina *** a: true b: false Http: //www. tie in unite with bandage.17 with physical volt. tie with baboose board.child patient take sedation before appointment and present.ovate. In 6 week intra uterine life the development start.

‫بقدر امتداد النخر وفي الميازيب‬ Acquired pellicle *** ..H2o2 with Sodium perborate (Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .a-structures layer protect tooth b-aid in remineralization The most affect tooth in nurse bottle feeding a-lower molars b-upper molars *** c-max incisor d-mand incisor ......The ability of a metal to deform plastically and to absorb .4th Ed..a-H2O2 with phosph B-superexol with sod parporate c-superexol with ca hydroxide *** :d..b_beveled amalgam margines *** ..energy in the process before fracture is termed toughness Toughness Mix in walking non vital bleatching . (2005 Local contraindication of extraction -a -b c-pt recent recive radiotheraby d-tooth in the malignant tumar *** e-both c and d Since in composite tooth prep should be conservative so the design a-amalgam in moderate and large cavities .....C-conservative restorations preparation of all incipient cavity within enamel ً ‫معنى السؤال: بما أن حشوات الكمبوزيت هي حشوات محافظة فإن التحضير يجب أن يكون محافظا‬ ...

:In restoring lost tooth.‫المادة المركنة وهذا غير مفضل عند الطفال، أما الخيار الثالث )تثبيت الطفل( فهو لهذه الحالت‬ Most impacted tooth is *** a-mand 8 b-max 2 Q.a)mandibualr third molar . What should dentist do conscious sedation. Includes intervention d. Esthetic *** b. tie in unite with bandage. Blind or double blind b. redo sedation.17 with physical volt.Wikipedia. tie with baboose board.Most common tooth which needs surgical extraction *** . the free encyclopedia" :In clinical research . child patient take sedation before appointment and present. Needs control c. ‫بسبب وجود ردود الفعل الجسدية الخيار الول غير ممكن، أما الخيار الثاني فيعني زيادة جرعة‬ . Enamel rods get crowded ‫تتشكل في المنطقة التي تزدحم فيها المواشير المينائية‬ "Enamel tufts . Function d.5 ‫ اقتراح‬generally conclusive.b.74 a. which is least important . Offers no benefits to subject at risk x-ray periapical for immature tooth is. Pt demand c. Arch integrity and occlusal stability Enamel tufts are .73 a. *simply inconculosive. Enamel rods change their direction *** C. should be compered with antermere. Extensions of odontoblasts in the DEJ .75 a.

Agar agar. Irreversible hydrocolloid : Impression material cause bad taste to patient a-poly sulfide b-polyether c-additional silicon d alginate The impression used for preliminary impressions or study-27 :casts is 1. You plan . 2. Agar agar .D.C. what's the best : impression material to be used .B.587 to use epoxy Resin >>>>>>missing text>>>>>>>.Alginate.Patient is diagnosed for ceramometal full veneer. Agar agar . Poly ether .a) Polysulfide .C.B) Polyether .Silicon. Poly sulfide . Irreversible hydrocolloid Q27) the impression material of choice when we want to take :impression for epoxy resin pin is . *** .D.A. 3.

Irrigant that kills e-foecalis 1-naoh 2-mtad. an acid.4. doxycycline). 1.e.extract the decidous tooth-1 start endo-2 . MTAD was found to be an . During the orthodontist removes orthodontic braces he noticed white hypocalcific lesion around the bracket what to do: 1-microabration and application of pumice then fluoride application.effective solution for killing E. *** 2-saline 3-chlorohexidine Pathway to the pulp New irrigants are being developed in an attempt to address some of the shortcomings of past and current materials. 2-composite resin 4-leave and observe pt presented to u with trauma of the central incisor with open-9 apex tooth clinical examination revealed cut of blood supply to :the tooth what is the next step extraction-1 endo-2 observe over time -3 child came to u with grey discolouration of the deciduous-10 incisor also on radiographic exam. Faecalis 2. and a detergent. MTAD is a mixture of a tetracycline isomer (i. In an in vitro study.None.. There is dilation of follicle of :the permenant successor what will u do .

observe over time-3 :dail wear of amalgam-12 microgram /DAY 1-3 weeping canal we use-14 g.…-3 …-4 Clinical Endodontics textbook TRONSTAD – page 224 This situation is often referred to as a “weeping canal” and is annoying in that the apical part of the canal cannot be dried properly.dried and obturated :The easiest endo retreatment in -34 a.b.Weeping canals d.p-1 *** caoh-2 .Retention of GP inside the canal.Under obturation w GP c. The right therapy is a discontinuation of the use of the tissue-irritating antiseptics followed by 2–3 weeks of calcium hydroxide in the root canal.Obturated w silver cone :Tug back refers to-7 1. .Over obturation w GP . The chemically-induced exudation will then have stopped and the root canal can be . 2.Fluibilty of GP.

(2005). What is the main-15 .4th Ed.p.page 177 It is difficult to control the apical extent of the root filling and in .dental student using thermoplastized g.5% basic" fuchsin :And .propylene glycol-3 ‫2 و 3 صح‬ Paediatric Dentistry 3rd Ed (2005)" page 165: 0.problem he may face ‫ *** دراسات عليا‬extrusion of g.addition some contraction of the GP occurs on cooling Useful for irregular canal defects cracked enamel best Dx by (12 ***Dye ???how can test crack tooth(12 Xray elictric test ethyle dye test :caries detection dye composed main of-34 acid fuschin-1 basic fuchsin-2 *** .p. From the canal-1 inability to fill the proper length-2 failure to use maser cone at proper length -3 ledge -4 Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .

3.Cholinergic . adrenal steroids 5. Anticholinergic. Anticordial.Drug used to increase saliva during impression taking is: 1234- anticholinergic *** cholinergic antidiabetic anticorticosteroid ‫الكولين ينقص اللعاب ويوسع الحدقة ويبطئ النبض ويزيد الفراز المعدي‬ ‫مثبطات الكولين تزيد اللعاب وتضيق الحدقة وتزيد النبض وتنقص الفراز المعدي‬ ‫مفعول التروبين مضاد لمفعول مضادات الكولين‬ 3.depresses the pulse rate 1.*** used to (decrease impression taking is: 1.Pt with complete denture come to your clinic.Atropine : c -cause central nervous system depression ‫ – تنقص إفراز اللعاب‬Mydriasis ‫التروبين: مادة كولينية تبطئ النبض – توسع الحدقة‬ 2.bries secretion such saliva *** B. 2.2 .*** .In order to decrease the gastric secretion: histamine A antigen equivalent histamine B antigen equivalent anticholenergic.Pt with complete denture come to your clinic. Steroid. Anti diabetic medicine. complaint from his dry mouth . the proper medicine is: 1. complaint from his dry mouth. = Anticholinergic.Drug not increase) saliva during .3 6.Antidiabetic .Dental pulp 2002" + "Operative Dentistry" propylene glycol" A.the proper medicine is? A) anti diabetic medicine b)anti cholinergic c)steroid*** 4.

*** بالبعدين العمودي والفقي‬nabers probe-1 Least effective to kill aids is: ultra voilet source: dentogist naocl is very effective Also cetrimide and dry heat at 100 degree are inffective in kill aids during endo pt is complaining of pain with percussion what-17 ?u suspect apical periodontitis-1 .secondery apical periodontitis-2 *** .4 :probe used to detect furcation-52 ‫..materials.4th Ed. or to debris being forced into the . (2005) – page 178 Pain following instrumentation: This is usually due to instruments or irrigants.apical tissues "Pathway of the pulp 9ed 1st part – page 217" Postoperative discomfort generally is greater when this area (apical constriction) is violated by instruments or filling . and the healing process may be compromised :‫سؤال آخرمشابه فيه خياران صحيحان‬ .Anticorticosteroid .over instrumentation-3 over medication-4 Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .

Which one of the following was the most frequently reason for replacement of a molar restoration with larger restoration: a.Impact debris fragment c.Over instrumentation "Pathway of the pulp 9ed 1st part – page 406" Shaping to the radiographic apex is likely to produce overinstrumentation past the apical foramen. pt complains from pain during percussion -15 :due to . and C.‫الغلى ثمنا‬ ً :Candida infection is a frequent cause of Burning mouth 289.microorganisms into periapical spaces .New caries. . candida subtyping should be performed for resistant .During doing Rct.A. Knusel are fluconazole resistant. (2005) – page 240 Fluconazole 50 mg od is the systemic drug of choice.Over instrumentation ‫الجواب النسب وهو ما يحدث في الحياة العملية هو‬ :pt on long term antibiotic came with systemic Candida- amphotrecin-1 *** fluconazol-2 nystatin-3 Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .4th Ed. therefore.Apical infection B. Tropicalis.cases ،‫العلج المفضل للمبيضات جهازيا هو الفلوكونازول حب أو حقن وريدي ويفيد بالحالت المعندة‬ ً ‫وموضعيا النستاتين معلق أو حب مص وممكن استخدام الكلورهكسيدين ، والمفوتريسن والميكونازول‬ ً . with possible clinical sequelae of postoperative pain and inoculation of . Glabrata. C. C.

Faulty restoration.page 168" Clinical failure is the point at which the restoration is No longer serviceable or at which time the restoration Poses other severe risks if it is not replaced.‫صيغة السؤال: أكثر سبب لعادة الحشو‬ Clinical failure of the amalgam restoration usually occurs . and " "Cases. .Recurrent caries.‫أو قلة إنهائها‬ Art and science of operative dentistry 2000".All of the above.3 from *** a) Improper cavity preparation b) Faulty manipulation c) Both of the above d) None of the above Clinical Aspects of Dental Materials: Theory. And (5) fracture of tooth structure forming . (2) corrosion and excessive marginal Fracture. c.B) necrotizing sialometaplasia ‫05-يتكرر كثير سؤال به رسمة سن ومطلوب‬ . Practice.(the restorative Tooth preparation wall(s Lesion at junction between hard and soft palate and :surrounded with psudoepithelium hyperplasia in salivary gland A) hyperplasia in salivary gland *** . (3) sensitivity or pain. (4) secondary caries. 3rd Edition ‫السبب الرئيسي لفشل الملغم هو تحضير الحفرة غير الكافي وهو أهم من رخص المادة أو قلة تكييفها‬ . d.b. Amalgam Restoration-related failures include: (1) bulk fracture of The restoration.

A fibers B. C fibers ‫المصدر ملف من النت‬ .B fibers C.‫بالضافة للعراض الخرى الناتجة عن اللتهابات بسبب وضع اليد بالفم والعض على أجسام أجنبية‬ when restoring asymptomatic healthy tooth with amalgam.‫شوفو ياشباب‬ DIVERGENT ‫ تكون أصل‬CLASS II ‫المفروض ان جدران السن في‬ MARGINAL RIDGE 1. Pain on biting d. Pain on hot *** b.6 for premolar ‫وان تكون‬ and 2mm for molar art and science ‫أرجو من الجميع مذاكرة هذا الموضوع والموجود بالتفصيل في كتاب‬ operative dentistry To know wall angulation :a child at dentation age is suffering from -16 a) diarrhea b) sleep disorders *** c) increased salivation ‫في كتاب طب أسنان الطفال ص 94 : يصاحب بزوغ السنان كل من زيادة اللعاب وقلة الشهية‬ . (3 :the normal physiologic symptom after that is a. Pain on cold c.A. Pain on sweet ?sharp pain is due to which type of fibers (5 *** .

3 mm *** b.03-0.5 mm c. myelinated fibers that transmit sharp pain C-fibers – small unmyelinated nerve fibers that transmit dull .5mm.0 ملم ويصل عند اللثة‬Dental secrets ‫حسب‬ .b) vertical root canal fracture : method of Detection of Cracked teeth (403 A) Horizontal percussion B) Vertical percussion C) Electric pulp test *** .be 0. reduction should . you did x-ray and it revealed that the RCT filling is very good.3–0.‫إلى 7.or aching pain :minimal facial reduction when preparing for veneers (6 a. thin (film like) spot on the lateral border of the ?root what is the most probable diagnosis A.A-delta fibers – small.7mm after u did RCT to your pt he came back to the clinic after (7 few days with sever pain on biting. but u saw radiopaque.Accessory canal *** . 0.5 mm ‫ و أكسفورد، التحضير للدهليزي ل يقل عن 5.page 83 The facial enamel is usually reduced by 0.0 ملم، ول يقل عن ذلك سوى في حالة التوضع اللساني للسن حتى نعيد إبرازها دهليزيا‬ ً Operative Dentistry A Practical Guide to Recent" ‫وحسب‬ "Innovations .D) Transillumination / visible light test .. but where the underlying tooth is severely discolored. 1-1.

your Dx ***cracked tooth syndrome (1 ?cracked tooth syndrome is best diagnosed by (10 A. Before this actually happens. The patient will frequently complain of sensitivity to hot and cold and discomfort on biting. Pulp testing Pickard's Manual of Operative Dentistry Eighth edition OXFORD . related (11 to a certain tooth.PAGE 213 The diagnosis of cusp fracture is easy when the cusp has fallen off. Radiograph b. Even on clinical examination it is often difficult to pinpoint which tooth is causing the pain. .Patient suffering from a cracked enamel.C) A & B .D) Electric test patient came complaining of severe pain on biting. but a fiber-optic light or disclosing solution may assist the diagnosis by making the crack easier to see. Lateral pressure on the suspect cusp may also help by producing a sensitivity that mirrors the patient’s symptoms. and pulpal :vitality is positive. Palpation and vertical percussion d. however.Often the pain occurs when the pressure is released . the patient may experience pain but often finds it remarkably difficult to locate this to a particular tooth. Subjective symptoms and horizontal percussion c. his chief (404 : complain is pain on A) Hot stimuli B) Cold stimuli *** . Upon examination no pulpal or periodontal findings.

likely has a crack in it Diagnostic tests of cracked tooth visual examination of cracks: aided by staining with dye such . There are different kinds of tools. أي بمثابة ضغط أفقي‬painful response bite tests each cusp tip must be tested :‫ وتد‬Tooth sloth . We will also place pressure on the tooth to see if we . A sharp instrument will be used to allow us to explore the tooth for cracks. One looks like a toothbrush without bristles. a physical examination of the tooth will have to be performed. It fits over one part of the tooth at a time as you bite down.individually pain on release often indicates crack tooth Transillumination: fiberoptic light source held perpendicular to the suspected crack that mean the prober exam for crack in the tooth(b) subjective symptoms and horizontal percussion the book is NBDE II :The best method for tooth brush is Bass method because .as methylene blue Tactile examination crutch the tooth surface with a sharp explorer widening a gap of the crack may elicit extremely ‫.crack Your dentist may use a special tool to test the tooth.can expand the crack until it is seen You may have X-rays taken but X-rays often do not reveal the . If you feel pain.A crack usually does not show up on an x-ray. the part of the tooth being tested most .

Can be used by patient with gingival recession and it rotainary advice to all types of patients. 1.The first sentence is correct and the second is wrong. Modified bass *** . Bass brushing has the advantage of the bristles enters in the :cervical area . and it is recommended for all patients *** .‫النسجة الملتهبة واللثة المتراجعة‬ .The both sentences are correct. Scrub Caranza – clinical periodontology page 659 :‫المرجع‬ ‫طريقة ستيلمان المعدلة تقوم على مبدأ تطبيق الضغط بجوانب أشعار الفرشاة وليس بذراها لتقليل رض‬ .It enter to interproximal area b.any patient with or without periodontal involvement patient comes to you with edematous gingiva.interproximal portions of the teeth The Bass technique is efficient and can be recommended for .a)both statements are true b)both statements are false c)first is true . Charter d. what's the best tooth ?brushing technique A.a. Modified stillman c. (11 loss of gingival contour and recession. second is true Caranza – periodontology – page 658 :Bass method advantages It concentrates the cleaning action on the cervical and .b.second is wrong d)first is wrong . *** 2. inflamed.

‫بشفائها بعد الجراحة اللثوية‬ the best method to protect teeth that underwent (12 ?bicuspidization procedure from fracture *** .caliper Willis Gauge Face bow pt have unilateral fracture of left the condyle. It most likely to develop root :resorption in *** reduce greatly /1 increase /2 .‫اللساني‬ ‫ فهي وضع الفرشاة بزاوية 531 درجة مع تمسيد لطيف دائري للسنان واللثة للسماح‬Charter ‫أما‬ .‫ فتعني تعديل وضع الفرشاة بحيث توازي القواطع السفلية لسهولة تفريشها من‬Modified bass ‫أما‬ . Splint with composite c.A. Full crown b. the (348 mandible will a)deviate to the left side *** b)deviate to the right side c)no deviate Pt came after 24 month of tooth replantation which had (295 ankylosis with no root resorption. Orthodontic splint Dental decks – page 273 What’s the name of the Device used to measure Vertical (363 Dimension *** .

% 16-13 ‫احتمال النجاح 08 % ونسبة تموت اللب‬ oral surgeon put his finger on the nose of the patient and (260 the patient asked to blow this done to check ‫ الجواااااااااب الصحييح‬anterior extention of posterior palatal seal. glandular opening. :when increase vertical dimension you have to (229 increase minimal need /1 construct anterior teeth first then posterior teeth/2 use provisional crown for 2 months /4 all/5 :tracing of GP used for (226 *** source of periapical pathosis/1 acute periapical periodontitis/2 periodental abscess /3 none /4 (‫اقتفاء مسار قمع الكوتا يهدف إلى معرفة مصدر الفة حول السنية )عن طريق الناسور‬ :isolated pocket in (222 vertical root fracture- .posterior extension of posterior palatal seal.after 2 years /3 after 4 years /4 136 ‫حسب أكسفورد ص‬ ‫يحدث التكلس في 6-53 % من حالت النخلع الكامل، وإذا ترافقت إعادة الزرع بالتصاق فيكون‬ . *** . lateral extension of posterior palatal seal.

provided in adulthood . from about 3 years of age. has anodontia (no teeth at all). what (204 :would you do *** a) full denture b) implant c) space maitainer d)no intervention PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY .palato gingival grooveendo origine lesion*** .after the completion of tooth whitening .3rd Ed.all- after bleaching a tooth. with the possibility of implant support for prostheses . we wanna restore the tooth with (207 composite resin.‫يجب تأخير عمل الحشوات التجميلية لما بعد التبييض بأسبوعين لتأمين ربط كافي مع الميناء‬ Three year old pt. we don’t want to compromise the bonding. (2005)" page 294" In cases of anodontia. Practice. These can be provided. and " "(Cases (3rd Ed 2009 Esthetic restoration of teeth should be delayed for 2 weeks . full dentures are required. albeit with likely limited success. :we wait for a)24 hours ‫ *** الصح‬b)a week c) choose a different material Clinical Aspects of Dental Materials Theory.

تشوه صيوان الذن . تقدم فك سفلي‬PROGNTHESIA OF MANDIBLE NO EAR LOSSUPWARD SLUTING OF EYE*** . Jambhale S .حنك مشقوق‬ ‫المصدر: ويكيبيديا‬ Treacher Collins syndrome .mandibular retrognathia /1 (loss of hearing (50% of cases /2 Patient present with deffieciency at the malar bone+open .bite+normal mental abilities *** .treacher cholins-1 cleidocrenial dyspasia-2 eagle syndrome-3 ……-4 :when removing lower second molar (6 a.Indian J Anaesth :Treacher – Collins syndrome is mainly (97 *** .ميلن‬underdeveloped cheek bone ‫شكل السمكة للوجه بسبب ضمور العظم الوجني‬ .تراجع الفك السفلي للخلف .MALAR BONE NOT WELL FORMED OR ABSENCE- :‫متلزمة تريشلر كولينز‬ ‫ . the free encyclopedia ، Treacher-Collins Syndrome-A Challenge For Aaesthesiologists Goel L.(B)-autoimmune factors++ (one of the signs of Autoimm dis’s desck page 1334 ‫المرجع‬ Treacher collins syndrome characterized by ‫.Wikipedia.‫العينين للسفل . Bennur SK.occlusal plane perpendicular To the floor .

mesial then lingual Trauma lead to fracture in the root between middle cervical (10 and apical third a) poor prognosis *** b) good prognosis Trauma caused fracture of the root at junction between (409 :middle and cervical third A) do endo for coronal part only B) RCT for both C) leave *** .occlusal trauma b. moderate-rate (dentinal caries. some operative procedures • Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology (Neville) • Sturdevant's Art and Science of operative dentistry :All of these are ways to give L.recurrent caries c.A with less pain EXCEPT (23 a.b.stretch the muscle .*** .all of the above (correct answer Secondary dentin is a physiological process by which the tooth lay down secondary dentin after complete formation of the (primary dentin (Even without external stimuli BUT.attrition dentine (d. abrasion.D) extraction Secondary dentine occur due to (22 a. erosion.buccolingual direction to dilate socket c. reparative dentin ( tertiary or abnormal secondary dentin ) is formed in response to moderate level stimuli such as ( attrition. trauma.give it slowly b.

c.Topical anesthesia (d. subsequently the mucosa breaks down with the formation of a sharply demarcated deep ulcer with a yellowish grey lobular base • Oral Pathology Clinical Pathologic Correlation ( Regezi ) Missing lower six and tilted 7 (38 :Best treatment plan from most favorable to least Uprighting of molar by orthodontics -1 :If not possible . Clinical picture: spontaneous appearance most commonly at the junction of the hard and soft palate.the needle size over than 25 gauge (correct answer Patients can't differentiate between 23 – 25 – 27 and 30 gauge . Importance of recognizing this lesion is that it mimics malignancies. Early: tender swelling often with dusky erythema of overlying mucosa. Cause: ischemia by surgical manipulation or local anesthesia.needles • Handbook of local anesthesia (Malamed) Lesion at junction between hard and soft palate and (32 surrounded with psudoepithelium a) Hyperplasia in salivary gland b) Necrotizing sialometaplasia ( correct answer) :Necrotizing sialometaplasia Benign condition mostly affects the palate and rarely other sites.Proximal half crown -2 Alternatives Telescope crown -3 Non rigid connector -4 • Fundamentals of fixed prosthodontics (shillinburg) .

5 times daily for 10 days. Adults and Children over 40 kg: 800 mg 4 times daily for 5 days. Chronic Suppressive Therapy for Recurrent Disease: 400 mg 2 times daily for up to 12 months. After 1 year of therapy. Treatment of Chickenpox: Children (2 years of age and older): 20 mg/kg per dose orally 4 times daily (80 mg/kg/day) for 5 days. Therapy should be initiated at the earliest sign or symptom (prodrome) of recurrence.:Acyclovir dose for treatments of herps (40 a) 200 mg / 5 times a day b) 200 mg / 4 times a day c) 400 mg / 4 times a day d) 800 mg / 4 times a day ( Correct Answer ) "treatment "of Herpes Zoster There are different dosages for different cases of Herpes !! the :question should be more specific Acute Treatment of Herpes Zoster: 800 mg every 4 hours orally. The frequency and severity of episodes of untreated genital herpes may change over time.htm • Cawson Essintials of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine 7th ed How much subgingivally do you go with the band in class (446 :II restorations . Genital Herpes: Treatment of Initial Genital Herpes: 200 mg every 4 hours. 5 times daily for 7 to 10 days. Alternative regimens have included doses ranging from 200 mg 3 times daily to 200 mg 5 times daily. the frequency and severity of the patient's genital herpes infection should be re-evaluated to assess the need for continuation of therapy with ZOVIRAX.5 – 1 mm B) 1 – 2 mm . Zovirax (Acyclovir) http://www. Children over 40 kg should receive the adult dose for chickenpox. followed by re-evaluation. Intermittent Therapy: 200 mg every 4 hours. • International Drug Index.rxlist.com/zoviraxdrug. 5 times daily for 5 days.A) 0.

to obtain and maintain proper occlusion (correct (answer b. depressing 4¾5 cm 100 .100 times / minute.2 times / second b. If it is present.76 times / second ( d. If no pulse commence chest compression. (2005) .embedded foreign bodies • Contemporary oral and maxillofacial surgery (Peterson) .C) 2 – 3 mm A female patient came to your clinic with dry lips and (41 mouth and bilateral submandibular oedema and ocular :dryness.vitality d.times per minute • 2005 American Heart Association Guidelines Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care for Cardiopulmonary One of the primary considerations in the treatment of (44 fractures of the jaw is a. at the middle of the lower half of the sternum. Diagnosis is a)Polymorphecadenoma b) sialotitis c) Sjögren's syndrome • Clinical outline of oral pathology diagnosis and treatment ( Eversole ) The compression / relaxation cycle of external cardiac (43 compression should be repeated a. checking the pulse for 10 sec every 10 breaths. ( correct answer • Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . provide 10 breaths per minute.60 times / minute c.page 304 Circulation Feel for a carotid pulse.4th Ed.test teeth mobility c.

2+3 • ( correct answer ) 3+4 • .Zinc oxide and eugenol .3 .Ca (OH)2 .2+4 • :Autoclaving technique is depending on (48 .e.3 ( Periapical abscess ( correct answer . bone level .1 .Secondary caries .1+2 • . Chemicals Autoclave: Steam and pressure until it's heated • Contemporary Oral and Maxillofacial surgery ( Peterson ) .Proximal caries .a.2 Gingival status. Next day the patient returned with ulcer on the :right side of the lip… your diagnosis is a) Apthosis b) Zonal herpes (c) traumatic ulcer (correct answer :Bitewing exam is used to diagnose EXCEPT (46 .1 .4 Which of the following types of base materials can be (58 placed in contact with polymethyl methaacrylate & not inhibit the polymerization of the resin a) ZOE b) GI cement c) Zn phosphate cement d) varnish ( e) b&c ( correct answer :We can use under the composite restoration (47 .4 .Zinc phosphate cement . Steam heat ( Correct Answer .A child patient undergone pulpotomy in your clinic in1st (45 primary molar. >> periodontal status i. Dry heat (B.Varnish .2 .c.

Rampant caries .medscape.2 • Emedicine : silicosis http://emedicine.silicosisclaims.(A) ND (YAG . Some of the common occupations or types of workers at risk of silica disease due to crystalline silica dust exposure include: Glass Workers :Laser core can be used in curing of composite . Anterior teeth • Dentistry for the child and adolescent (McDonald) Persons who are working in glass factories they have the (52 :disease (Silicosis (correct answer .children with involvement of max.com/article/302027-overview • http://www.2 .3 • Basic Anatomy (snell) A child (2 years) with caries in the incisors we call this (51 :caries . is especially common among the workers whose occupations expose them to extremely high levels of crystalline silica dust for long durations. ( correct .1 Posterior devision of mandibular nerve.3. or silica disease.628 .B) hene .2 ( answer .3 Nursing caries or ECC (early childhood caries) or BBTC (baby bottle caries) is a type of rampant caries in 2.Asepsis .com/about.Anterior devision of mandibular nerve .html Silicosis. and mand. (correct answer .1 .4 year old .Children caries .:The inferior alveolar nerve is branch of (49 Mandibular nerve – not divided .1 (Nursing caries.

1 (Nd (YAG). new advances in ND(YAG) laser for intracanal uses.Led .D) 4 – 5 week :Splinting of avulsed tooth (Mature 7-10 days (1-2 weeks Immature tooth 3-4 weeks • Dentistry for the child and adolescent (McDonald) • Contemporary oral and maxillofacial surgery ( Peterson) .C) Argon / Hallogen led :Laser used in endodontic is (53 Co2. (correct answer .3 CO2 laser is used in periapical surgeries .2 . >> used in periapical surgery .com/REVIEWS/lasers&Endo.healthmantra.com/clinicalarticles/Chen_DT_reprint1.biolase.htm A patient 14 years with avulses incisors 11 and 21 we can (54 :use a splint for ( a) 1 – 2 week. (correct answer .b) 2 – 3 week . Both can be used in !!endodontic • Pathways of the pulp • Other articles from previous answer ( about ND(YAG) ) Http: //http//www.pdf Http: //http//www.C) 3 – 4 week .

Condensation of porcelain slurry by hand can cause porosity • Contemporary fixed prosthodontics ( Rosenstiel) A compound fracture is characterized by (56 a-many small fragments b -a star shaped appearance c.4th Ed. (correct answer b) non-malignant c) hayperplastic d) none of the above • Oral and maxillofacial pathology (Neville) :Electric pulp tester on the adults is not accurate because (86 a) Late appearance of Fibers A .communication with oral cavity (correct answer Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .inadequate condensation of porcelain (correct (answer • Dental decks 441 . (2005)page498 in common with all fracture they can be grouped into simple (closed linear fracture) compound (open to mouth or skin :And Peterson's Principles of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2nd Ed " "2004 page409 • fractures of the facial skeleton (peter banks) :Verrucous carcinoma is (76 (a) malignant.excessive firing temperature c.moisture of contamination b.an incomplete break in the bone (d.The most frequent cause of porosity in a prcelain (55 restoration is a.excessive condensation of the porcelain d .

Gl A patient that had a class II amalgam restoration. This is due to (a) lack of matrix usage.عبد الكريم خليل‬ . distilled water • Hand book of local anesthesia (malamed) a patient that wasn’t anaesthetized well in his 1st visit. He :must be anaesthized. what’s the technique to be used a) William’s technique .b) Bercher’s technique ‫التخدير الموضعي لجراحة الفم والوجه والفكين الجزء الثاني .C) Lidocaine + epinephrine only :Contents of anesthesia carpule Anesthetic agent. Diagnosis is (.young teeth A patient complaining from a severe oedema in the lower (87 :jaw that increases in size upon eating. radiographically an Overhanging amalgam is :present.( correct answer B) no burnishing for amalgam :Contents of the Anaesthia carpule (89 . next day (88 he returns complaining of discomfort at the site of the restoration.chloride. (90 next day he returns with a limited mouth opening (trismus). preservative. vasoconstrictor.a)Lidocaine + epinephrine + Ringer’s liquid B)Lidocaine + epinephrine + distilled water.د. sodium .b) Late appearance of Fibers C c) Early appearance of fibers A d) Early appearance of fibers C "Pathway Of Pulp 6th edition page 314 " The relatively late appearance of A fibers in the pulp helps to explain why the electric pulp test tends to be unreliable in .a) salivary gland (submandibular sal. (correct (answer .

d.Leave soft dentin in the floor of the cavity 4.5 (b. CMCP contains phenol in concentration % a-0.‫ هي‬Trismus ‫طريقة التخدير المستطبة في حال لم يستطيع المريض فتح فمه بسبب الضزز‬ ‫ وتستخدم لتخدير العصب الماضغ)الفرع الحركي من السني السفلي( للوصول‬Bercher ‫طريقة‬ .peripheral caries (Correct answer .35 % (correct answer % c-65 % d.pulp capping is performed 1. a.5 : CMCP composition .pulpal floor over the mesial pulp horns ( c.‫الى ارتخاء الفك السفلي‬ !!I think it's a wrong question I tried searching for these two techniques and nothing . some of the soft dentin in the floor of the cavity can be left and indirect .came up The technique used to administer a block with trismus or limited mouth opening is (akinosi closed mouth (technique • Handbook of local anesthesia (malamed) At which of the following locations on a mandibular molar do you complete the excavation of caries first .Remove caries in the axial wall (DEJ) 3.axial walls B.all of the above are correct In deep carious lesion all peripheral caries is removed.Indirect pulp capping • Principles of operative dentistry.Remove all peripheral caries 2.

(2005) . Tech of obturation is (493 A) thermafil B) obtura C) ultrafil (D) mcspadden.(correct answer • Endodontics (ingle) : thermo mech.5-22% carbamide peroxide Home bleaching : 10-15% carbamide peroxide • Sturdevan't art and science of operative dentistry Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .p-Chlorophenol 35%. (violate biological (width . Camphor 65% Dentist provided bleaching which also known as (home bleaching) contain a.4th Ed. what's the best way to ?produce ferrule effect A) restore with amalgam core sub-gingivaly.page 316 a solution of 10% carbamide peroxide in a soft splint has been advocated for home bleaching What is the disadvantages of Mcspadden technique in (obturation (thermocompaction (requires much practice to perfect.35-50% hydrogen peroxide b. (correct answer • Endodontics (ingle) Fractured tooth to alveolar crest.

Convince him by showing him other patients photos.100c • Endodontics (ingle) During clinical examination the patient had pain when the -5 :exposed root dentine is touched due to a.At which temperature that gutta percha reach the alpha temp: a.Put the white teeth b.Irreversible pulpitis The patient have dull pain and swelling and the PA shows -6 :apical radiolucency your diagnosis will be .:191 • Fundamentals of fixed prosthodontics (shillinburg) 2.(b) crown lengthening ( unesthetic results (c) extrusion with orthodontics (correct answer Extrusion with orthodontics : using brackets (may cause movement of other abutmemnt teeth) or utilizing an anchorage wire boded to adjacent teeth as described by oesterle and wood p.42-48 c (Correct answer) b.65 years old black man wants to have very white teeth in his new denture what should the dentist do: a.Show the patient the suitable color first then show him the white one (correct answer) c.Tell him firmly that his teeth color are good.50-60 c.70-80 d. d.Reversible pulpitis (b. Or Do not show white teeth • textbook of complete denture 3.Dentine hypersensitivity (correct answer c.g.

0.radiolucency.sinus tract • Endodontics principles and practice ( torabinejad) All these shows honey combed bone radiographically -8 :EXCEPT a.a.2 mg/liter Fluoride amount in water best maintained at 1 ppm (1mg/L).Chronic periodontal abscess with swelling (correct (answer It's usually asymptomatic except when there's occasional closure of the sinus pathway. (correct answer Unilocular radiolucent lesion may have some flakes of calcifications • Oral pathology clinical pathological correlations (regezi) :Flouride amount in water should be -10 a. in hot climate communities this amount should be reduced because of the increase consumption of water • Textbook of preventive and community dentistry In the US the amount of fluoride in drinking water range from 0.1-5 mg/liter c.5 mg/liter b.0. S&S: swelling.Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor.2 mg/L • WHO .7-1.Odontogenic keratocyst (d.Odontogenic myxoma cyst c. PA .0.1.Acute periodontal abscess b.Ameloblastoma b.1-2 mg/liter d.2-0.

Cold water spray • Endodontics (ingle) The way to remove mucocel is -24 a.5 mg/L in very hot climate • Textbook of community dentistry :Distal fissure of premolar contact oppose -11 a.Middle of the middle third & buccal fissure is wider than lingual b.Cervical of the middle third & vice versa :the powered toothbrush invented in -18 a.1929 (b.Chemotherapy d.5 mg/L in cold climate and as low as 0. (correct answer D.1969 • Clinical periodontology (Carranza) :The most superior way to test the vitality of the tooth with -22 a.Excision (correct answer c.1959 d.The optimal fluoride concentration can be as high as 1.1939 (correct answer c.Ice pack B.Chloro ethyl (C.Middle of the middle third & vice versa d.Endo special ice.Radiation (b.Cervical line & lingual fissure is wider than buccal c.Caterization .

80-90 d.50-60 (b.24 hr’s -d .Pt who has diabetes or hypertension sharpening the curette and sickle.60-70 • Clinical periodontology (Carranza) avulsed tooth is washed with tap water .After 2 hours c.years old come with fractured max incisor tooth with 8 -25 incipient exposed pulp after 30 min of the trauma.Vertical root fracture c. what’s the :suitable rx a.Tooth with insufficient tooth support d. the cutting edge should -30 :be at angle a.Non restorable tooth b.Immediately b.Pulpatomy (b. it should be -33 :replaced again a.Direct pulp capping (correct answer c.Heamophilia b Factor VIII deficiency : Hemophilia A Factor IX deficiency : Hemophilia B :all these are contraindicated to RCT EXCEPT -29 a.Apexification pt came to dental clinic having a hematological problem -27 after lab test they found that factor viii less 10% what’s the :diagnosis (a.70-80 (correct answer c.Pulpectomy d.Heamophilia A (correct answer b.

or address :He is acting like years old 3 -1 years old 4 -2 years old 10 -3 pt have a complete denture came to the clinic . the child needs a.you see the upper lip like too long .yrs old child.Early appliance b.Psychological therapy -c -d Treatments for habits include appliances and encouragement . reason is A)deficiency in the vertical dimensional b)anterior upper teeth are short c)deficient in vit B Upper anterior teeth should extend 1-2 mm beyond relaxed lip. (correct answer /2 .tell you no -39 complaint in the talking .and reminder for the patient • Dentistry for the child and adolescent (McDonald) :Knife ridge should be tx with relining soft material/1 (maximum coverage of flange. 10 -34 and can't tell his name. who is unable to differentiate the colors.Cheilosis: Inflammation of the lips where there is scaling and fissures child has a habit of finger sucking and starts to show -41 :orodental changes.deficient in the ?margins of the lip. .or in the chewing .Short upper anterior teeth may affect esthetic and phonetics • Textbook of Complete dentures Vitamin B Deficiency causes .but when you exam him .

A local proliferation of the mesenchyme gives rise to 3 swellings in the floor of the mouth. second. you (76 found that the primary incisor entered the follicle for the permanent incisor what you will do A) Surgical removal of the follicle B) Leave it C) Surgical removal of the primary incisor.Buccal surface /3 . they overgrow the tuberculum impar to form the oral part of the tongue. and third pharyngeal arches and forms the migration of muscles form the occipital myotomes.9 The anterior part arises from the first arch. (Correct (answer • Dentistry for the child and adolescent (McDonald) :Tongue develope from (77 mandibular arch & tuberculum impar.wide occ. The lateral lingual swellings enlarge rapidly and merge with each other.1 • http://emedicine. Failure of the 2 lateral lingual swellings to merge causes cleft tongue or bifid tongue.Lingual surface /4 . Table /3 all/4 Child 3 years old came to clinic after falling on his chin.medscape.com/article/1289057overview Perforation during endo space preparation what is the most . The tongue originates from the first. (correct/1 (answer 2/1st branchial arch Tongue developes from the tissue of the 1st.1 surface of distal root of lower molar will have tendency of :perforation (Mesial Surface. (correct answer /1 . 2 lateral lingual swellings and a tuberculum impar arise from the mandibular process. 3rd and partially 4th pharyngeal arches The tongue starts to develop at about 4 weeks.Distal surface /2 .

Start with a smaller size to a larger size -5 once obstruction removed the canal can be cleaned and -6 . this may lead to ?? perforation of the strip* :Removal of a ledge remove all obstructions coronal to the ledge-1 coronal portion of the canal prepared with a crown-down-2 technique by pass the ledge with a stiff.hydrodynamic theory • Sturdevant's Art and science of operative dentistry PAGE 28 While u were preparing a canal u did a ledge. curved hand file-3 once the file is beyond the ledge use in circumferential filing-4 .motion to remove the obstruction .:Crown and root perforation respond to MTA /1 use matrix with hydroxyapatite and seal with G I /2 (correct answer ) . Can act as a lubricant to help the . then u used (83 EDTA with the file.file bypass the ledge .2&3/1 root canal filling/4 • Endodontics principles and Practice ( Torabinejad ) :acceptable theory for dental pain transmission (82 (hydrodynamic theory (correct answer/1 fluid movement/2 direct transduction /3 The most accepted theory of pain transmission is the .sha[ed with any instrumentation technique EDTA : Remove smear layer.

and the fifth digit (8) represents the angle which the blade forms with axis of the handle expressed in hundredths of a circle (100 gradations or centigrades). the third and fourth digits (95) its length in millimeters. expressed in centigrades. The handle letter (R or L) signifies that the instrument is one of a pair made in "rights" and ."lefts" in order to work more efficiently . the sixth and seventh digits represent the angle made by the edge with the axis of the hand.black (GV black) periodontal instrument classification: study what the number represent in the instrument formula For g.v black classification study what the number represent in the" instrument formula one for width one fo length one for angulation 1st: Width of blade -2nd: Length of the blade in millimeter-3rd: "Angle of blade -4th: when cutting edge at ab angle other then right For example. the number of a gingival margin trimmer is given as 15-95-812R. Dr. The first two digits (15) of the formula designate the width of the blade in tenths of a millimeter. With the instruments in which the cutting edge is at an angle to the length of the blade.Stripping Perforation: involves the furcation side of the coronal root surface and results from excessive flaring with files or drills • Endodontics principles and practices ( torabinejad) 289.

c)2 decades d)all life Art and science of operative dentistry 2000 – page 766 . Bend the file by pliers ‫ إصبع مجرد‬c by bare finger ‫ حبل‬d.indicates a lack of immunity 291.‫ييييييييييييييييييييييييييييييي‬ Father for child 12 year pt <asked you about . or intrusions. Schick test .page 73 Intrusive luxations. By twist .definition of Schick test in the Medical dictionary .you tell him a)2 years b)9 years *** . lip is painful with superficial wound what is the trauma’s classification: a) luxation. . Thesaurus and Encyclopedia. Inflammation of the injected area .290.the age for the amalgam restoration of his :child .by the Free Online Medical Dictionary. *** b) subluxation c) laceration ‫تمزق‬ d) abrasion ‫سحج‬ e) contusion ‫كدمة‬ Handbook of dental trauma 2001.In a curved root u bent a file by ‫ *** شاش‬A. An adult had an accident. maxillary central incisors intruded. result from an axial force applied to the incisal edge of the tooth that results in the tooth being driven into the socket Schick test an intradermal test for determination of susceptibility to diphtheria. A test to determine immunity to diphtheria by injection into the skin of dilute diphtheria toxin. Put gauze on the file & bend it by hand ‫ ملقط‬b.

5 mm. To prevent gingival injury place the margin of the retainer: A. Such positioning is quite often not possible because of esthetic or caries considerations. the . C. Crest 1 mm d. Dental secrets – page 219 It is better for gingival health to place a crown margin supragingivally. or equigingivally at the gingival crest.cusp coverage ‫هذا يعني أن الحشوات العادية تستمر حتى 02 سنة‬ :168 ‫ونفس المصدر ص‬ 292. Apical to g. Crest 0.Complex amalgam restoration with pins: Smales reported that 72% of amalgam restorations survived for 15 years. 1—2 mm above the gingival crest. At the level of gingival crest. Apical to g . *** b. Subsequently. Above gingival crest. including those with .

1 . for clinical simplicity. 4 .Neutral sodium fluoride . 2 .2 . Cleft lip results from Failure of fusion of the medial nasal process and maxillary process OMFS secrets p. in the middle of the sulcular depth. Margin ends slightly below the gingival crest.‫على مستوى حافة اللثة‬ :Cleft lip is resulted from incomplete union of .2 Cosmetic closure.slightly below the gingival crest ‫مع الخذ بعين العتبار الفقرة السابقة )ومن الناحية العملية( يجب أن يكون التحضير مباشرة تحت حافة اللثة‬ .33 1. or at the base of the sulcus. 2. 3 .1 Establish way for nursing and feeding. If the margin gf the subsequent crown is extended into the attachment apparatus. Local aggressive Periodontitis. Viral infection.Stannous fluoride . Tow maxillary arches. It is desirable to end the tooth preparation . Child with late primary dentition has calculus and gingival recession related to upper molar what is the diagnosis: 1. Maxillary arches and nasal arch.342* :Arrange the steps of cleft palate management Measures to adjust speech. . 1 . Periodontitis.3 –4 – 1 – 2 :Type of professionally applied fluoride for mentally retarded pt .margin must be placed subgingivally. the major concern is not to extend the preparation into the attachment apparatus.4 . In preparing a subgingival margin.3 Prevent collapse of two halves.‫أي بنصف ميليمتر‬ ‫ولكن من مع الخذ بعين العتبار السؤال المطروح باعتبار أن الولوية لحماية اللثة فيجب أن يكون التحضير‬ . *** 3.Acidulated fluoride solutions .Therefore. when a margin is to be placed subgingivally.3 (‫ يييييييييييي )يييييييييي‬fluoride varnish ‫يييييي‬ 2. 2. a constant gingival irritant has been constructed.

*** 2. Pulpotomy. 25-40 seconds. voids 7. How can you alter the sitting time for alginate a)alter ratio powder water *** b)alter water ratio c)we can’t alter it d)by accelerated addition .PTT=30-40sec ‫زمن تخثر الدم‬ bleeding time within < 8 min ‫زمن توقف النزف‬ 4. Time of PT. During routine X ray appear between the two lower molar lesion diameter about 2mm & extend laterally with irregular Shape. the dentist delivers a denture in the 1st day normally. What’s the type of cyst a) dentigerous cyst b) apical cyst c) radicular cyst 6. 2nd day the patient returns unable to wear the denture again. A completely edentulous patient. the cause is: a) Lack of Skill of the patient b) Lack of Frenum areas of the Complete denture. 4. scratches. 5. *** PT=12-14 sec ---.‫القاعدة: القلع من الخلف للمام مع الخذ بالعتبار صعوبة قلع بعض السنان‬ 8. *** c) 12345678 . 3. Direct pulp capping. Had trauma to 8 presented after 30 minute of injury He had crown fracture with incipient pulp exposure what u do: 1. 8 years old pt. When extracting all max teeth the correct order is: a) 87654321 b) 87542163. PTT: a)11-15 seconds .3. Pulpctomy. Observe. *the cause is pain: due to overextension. Young pt came without any complain.

the patient is given : *** . do surgery on day steroids are taken • If patient has had 20 mg of steroid for more than two weeks in the • past 2 weeks.600 mg prednisolone 10. Patient with lupus erythematous and under cortisone. he needs to surgical extraction of a tooth. What should the surgeon instruct the patient: a) Take half of the cortisone dose at the day of operation.additional 100mg If on alternate day steroids. For a patient that is on a corticosteroid therapy.overmixing may break up the gel What’s the reason of the wax shrinkage upon fabrication of the bridge/crown Wax left off the die* 9."Dental decks 672" The best method to control the gelation time (setting time) is .A) 100 . then give 40mg hydrocortisone prior to surgery And .*** c) Take half of the cortisone dose day before and at the day of operation and day after. but is not currently taking steroids.altering the temperature of the water used in the mix Changing the water/powder ratio also alter the gelation time but these method also impair certain properities of the material. D) Double the cortisone dose day before and at the day of operation and day after. Instruct patient to double dose of steroids the morning of surgery up to 200mg.200 mg hydrocortisone B) 400 . upon oral surgery. Too little or too much water will weaken the gel. B) Double the cortisone dose at the day of operation. then give only an . If taking greater than 100mg.Undermixing may prevent the chemical action from occuring evenly.

nlm.HTM Contraindications to Outpatient Surgery Ex-premature infants less than 60 weeks‘ postconceptual age http://www. we consider all of the following EXCEPT a) small in all diameters b) high yield strength c) minimal contact *** .ncbi.googleusercontent.edu.d) small occlusogingival length The connector).sa/saadsheta/CPR%2520and .squ. the dose ofcorticosteroids should be doubled on the day of surgery.pdf ‫وزن أطفال الدراسة ل يقل عن 51 كغ‬ http://webcache.Dental secrets – page 49 For multiple extractions or extensive mucogingival surgery.ksu.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2149014/pdf/anesthpr og00222-0007. the prep should be long enough) The following are indication of outpatient general anesthesia EXCEPT a) ASA categories 1 & 2 b) the very young child c) cost increase d) Patient admitted and discharge the same day http://web.edu.com/search? q=cache:ATrgYSTl2pIJ:faculty. should be given preoperatively :Doing CANTILEVERS.nih.intramuscularly. 100mg intravenously or . stress level doses of cortisone.om/medLib/MED_CD/E_CDs/anesthesia/site/content/v04/040516r00. If the patient is treated inthe operating room under general anesthesia.

00001503-20021200000004. with (49 good periodontal condition and no carious lesion the best clasp to <use on the other side <teeth side *** .Steadily decreased http://pt.html They examined 292 tonsillectomies and their was no documentation on the indications for tonsillectomy in the results.wkhealth.edu/oto/grand/121996.ppt+"contraindication+OUTPATIENT+genera l+anesthesia"&cd=26&hl=ar&ct=clnk&gl=sa&lr=lang_en|lang_ar Out-Patient Dental Anesthesia: Dental Chair Anesthesia .jsessionid=LzmbkxFdzyZ1TnJlh0YFQZy1T9nDcNVTdhgkR nJdbSpQNhyn89ZR!-643969902!181195628!8091!-1 Although age can no longer be considered a contraindication to outpatientanesthesia and surgery.Out-Patient dental extraction Children (4-10 years): high incidence of URTI . chromosomal abnormalities. anesthetic-related morbidity and . They found that the risks were significantly increased in children < 3 years of age. difficulty breathing during sleep.bcm.htm. restless sleep. snoring and an upper respiratory tract infection The primary source of retention of porcelain veneer mechanical retention from under cut_1 mechanical retention from secondary retentive features_2 chemical bond by saline coupling agent_3 micromechanical bond from etching of enamel and_4 porcelain patient who has un-modified class II kennedy classification.……mortality remain higher http://www. neuromuscular disorders.com/pt/re/lww/fulltext.%2520Emergency/CPR.(a) reciprocal clasp (aker's clasp b) ring clasp c) embrasure clasp .

a) gingivally approaching clasp b) ring clasp If the tooth is isolated put ring clasp .if not isolated put . The last tooth on the left side is the 2nd premolar which has a distal :caries.B) Primary closure should be obtained if there is no luntant tissue ‫. What you :suspect . after :extraction what will you do first .a) Paget’s disease b) …….circlet clasp Q1) What are the disadvantages of mcspadden technique in :obturation .B) Increase steps .x Q6) A 55 year old patient with multi-extraction teeth. What’s the type of the clasp you will use for this premolar . رأب السنخ‬C) Alveoplasty should be done in all cases .a) Suturing .D) All the above Q4) Patient come to your clinic complaining that the denture become tight. during examination you notice nothing.a) Increase time . but when the patient stand you notice that his legs bowing (curved). Class II Kennedy classification.C) Difficult in curved canals .x c) …….circlet ”rigid” clasp Edentulous pt cl II kenndy classification 2nd premolar used as abutment when we surving we found mesial under cut wt is the :proper clasp used wrought wire with round cross section/1 wrought wire with half round cross section /2 cast clasp with round cross section/3 “cast clasp with half cross section “RPC /4 A removable partial denture patient.

x Q9) Patient come to the clinic with ill-fitting denture. during examination you notice white small elevation on the crest of the :lower ridge. these bands appear as alternating light and dark areas in the enamel portion of a longitudinal ground tooth section .D) Dentin when view in longitudinal ground ‫المرجع‬ Hunter-Schreger band formation as it exists in enamel structure.a) This lesion needs no concern and he should not worry B) The patient should not wear the denture for 2 weeks then *** .a) Enamel when view in horizontal ground B) Enamel when view in longitudinal ground .b) Refer to the physician for sensitivity test ?.… (C ‫كتاب الطفال‬ :Q8) 2nd maxillary premolar contact area a) Middle of the middle third with buccal embrasure wider than .b) The orifices are close to each other :Q13) Hunter Schreger bands are white and dark lines that appear in .a) Radiograph to check if there is foreign body .Q7) Child with traumatized lip. what will you do :first . When examined by reflected light.lingual embrasure B) Middle of the middle third with lingual embrasure wider ‫.c) Dentin when view in horizontal ground .follow up c) ……x :Q10) How do you know if there are 2 canals in the same root *** . no tooth mobility.a) Radiographically with 2 files inside the root . what will you tell the patient .x d) …….*** الفرجة الحنكية أكبر من الدهليزية‬than buccal embrasure c) Cervical to the incisal third …….

Q19) Patient complains from pain in TMJ. During examination you noticed that during opening of the mouth mandible is deviate the :right side with left extruded. Diagnosis is .a) Condylar displacement with reduction .B) Condylar displacement without reduction C) …….x d) ……x ‫أل يجب أن يوجد خيار كسر لقمة الفك‬ Pt. Presented to u complain of click during open and close. Thers is :no facial asymmetry EXCEPT when opening What is the diagnosis .internal derangement with reduction-1 internal derangement without reduction-2 reumatoid arthritis-3 ,,,,,,,-4 1 ‫الجواب هو‬ ‫ هو عبارة عن انزلق القرص المفصلي منمكانه لياخذ‬Disc dislocation with reduction ‫لن‬ ‫وضع غير وضعه الطبيعي فاثناء اغلق الفم يكون امام اللقمة ثم يتراجعلياخذ مكانه على راس اللقمة اثناء‬ ‫)اثناءالفتح والغلق‬click( ‫الغلق وهذا يؤدي الى سماع صوت‬ ‫يبدا القرصالمفصلي بعدم العودة للخلف‬Disc dislocation without reduction ‫اما في حالة‬ ‫ويبقى امام الناتى المفصلي ويصبح فتح الفم صعبا ومؤلماوقد يصبح المضغ شبه مستحيل وعندها ليصدر‬ ‫ عند الفتح والغلق‬click ‫المفصل الفكي‬ :Q20) Unilateral fracture of left condyle the mandible will .a) Deviate to the left side .B) Deviate to the right side if the fx is above the attachment of lateral pterygoid > deviation to the same side if the fx is below the attachment of lateral pterygoid > deviation to the opposite side :Q21) The aim of treatment maintenance is *** .a) Prevent secondary infection .b) Check tissue response Q23) During maxillary 3rd molar extraction the tuberosity fractured. It was firmly attached to the tooth and cannot be separated. What is :the management .a) Remove it with the tooth B) Splint the tooth to the 2nd molar then re-extracted after “6 weeks. “ideal C) Suture Q28) After patient with Hepatitis-B left the dental chair the assistant

:ask you how to disinfect the dental unit. What will you suggest .Iodole .1 .100%dittole .2 .Hypo chloride .3 gas …… .4 a) 1 and 2 .b) 1, 2 and 4 C) ……x d) ……x Pc with hepatitis B the best sterilization is ****a)formaldahid b)detol+100%alkohol***** .…(c ..…(D a+b(1 a+b+c(2 …(3 .…(4 (HBV disinfection: (enough with intermediate disinfection (192 *** .A) iodophors (B) dettol / 100% ethyl alcohol (all alcohols are not recommended C) hypocloride, ethyl D) a+b :Q29) Streptococcus activity detected by *** .a) Fermentation .B) Catalase C) …..x d) ……x :Q30) cleidocranial dysostosis characteristic .a) supernumerary of teeth :Q32) To hasten Zinc Oxide cement, you add .a) Zinc sulfide .B) Barium sulfide .C) Zinc acetate

.D) Barium chloride Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry - 4th Ed. (2005) - page 770 "Journal of Dental Research "

:Q33) In which tooth the contact is at the incisal edge .a) Lower anterior teeth b) ……x Q39) Child came to the clinic with amalgam restoration fracture at :isthmus portion, this fracture due to *** .a) Wide preparation at isthmus .b) High occlusal C) shallow preparation D) constricted isthmus Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry - 4th Ed. (2005) – page 58 Isthmus joins the occlusal key with the interproximal box. It is the .part of the filling most prone to fracture

Q40) Child with mental disorder suffer from orofacial trauma, brought to the hospital by his parents, the child is panic and :Irritable, the treatment should done under .a) Local anesthesia .B) General anesthesia .C) Gas sedation .D) Intravenous sedation Q41) Fracture before 1 year of upper central incisor reach the pulp in 8 year old child. How will you manage this case .a) RCT *** .B) Apexification c) Direct pulp capping .d) Indirect pulp capping Q45) To remove a broken periodontal instrument from the gingival :sulcus *** .a) Schwartz Periotriever

B) ………x Gingival condition occur in young adult has good oral hygiene was weakened ANUG. desqumative gingivitis. periodontitis. gingivitis. "Tyldesley's oral medicine" The influence of poor oral hygiene in the initiation of ANUG has been often stressed, but there is no doubt that there are some patients whose standard of hygiene must be considered by normal .criteria to be good

1. Differences between ANUG and AHGS is: a. ANUG occur in dental papilla while AHGS diffuse erythematous inflamed gingival. b. ANUG occur during young adult and AHGS in children. c. All of the above. *** Student, came to clinic with severe pain, interdental papilla is .53 .inflamed, student has exams, heavy smoker, poor nutrition A. Gingivitis b. ANUG c. Periodontitis Q46) 1. You should treat ANUG until the disease completely removed. 2. Otherwise, it will change to necrotic ulcerative .gingivitis .A) Both sentences are true .B) Both sentences are false “C) 1st true, 2nd false. “it will change to periodontitis .D) 1st false, 2nd true 241 ‫حسب أكسفورد ص‬ ‫ المعالج بشكل غير كافي يمكن أن يتحول إلى الشكل القل أعراضا والذي‬AUG ‫التهاب اللثة التقرحي الحاد‬ ً CUG ‫يعرف بالتهاب اللثة التقرحي المزمن‬ Chronic necrotic ulcerative gingivitis ‫إذا الجواب: التهاب لثة تقرحي تموتي مزمن‬ ً

Burket- Oral medicine – page 63 Thepatient must be made aware that, unless the local etiologicfactors of the disease are removed, ANUG may return .orbecome chronic and lead to periodontal disease ‫؟؟‬NUG ‫ أي‬necrotic ulcerative gingivitis ‫أو هل يوجد شيء اسمه‬

mypicx.com - 1212 Q48) The rows show “truth”, the column show “test result”o .a) Cell A has true positive sample .B) Cell A has true negative sample .C) Cell A has false positive sample .D) Cell A has false negative sample

Distinguishing between right & left canines can be determined -because distal concavities are larger ‫ الصح‬with a line bisecting the facial surface the tip lies distally others

We can differentiate between the upper mesial & distal canine bythe functional cusp tip is inclined distally if bisectioning crownthe cervical line on lingual surface is inclined mesiallyroot curved mesially

The best way to remove silver point *** .a) Steiglitz pliers c) Ultrasonic tips d) H files E) Hatchet A grasping tool such as the Stieglitz pliers (Henry Schein) can generally get a strong purchase on the coronal end of a silver point and then, utilizing the concept of fulcrum mechanics, elevate the .silver point out of the canal Indirect ultrasonics is another important method to remove silver

points. It is not wise to place any ultrasonic instrument directly on .the silver point because it will rapidly erode away this soft material And Endodontics Problem solving in clinical practice 2002 – page 142 Cement can be removed carefully from around the point using a Piezon ultrasonic unit and CT4 tip or sealer tip. Great care must be taken not to sever the point and damage the coronal end. The point .is withdrawn using Stieglitz forceps or small-ended artery forceps :Mucoceles the best tx is ***a) Excision b) leave it c) marsupialization d) cauterization 470 ‫أكسفورد‬ :Optimawater fluoridation *** .a) 1-1.5 mg\liter .b) 0.2-0.5 mg\liter C) 2-3 mg\liter 459 ‫المرجع: كتاب طب أسنان الطفال ص‬ .‫وفي المناطق الحارة حيث يكثر شرب الماء يجب أن يكون تركيز الفلورايد أقل‬

‫:سورة حادة‬Acute exacerbation of chronic pulpitis .a) Reversible pulpitis .B) Irreversible pulpitis ‫. ***الصح‬C) Acute periodontitis d) Acute exacerbation of chronic pulpitis ‫السورة الحادة الشائعة تصيب الخراج المزمن وتحوله لحاد، ولكن التهاب اللب المزمن خفيف العراض‬ .‫يتحول إلى خراج حاد عند حدوث سورة حادة‬ :ISOLATION PERIOD OF CHICKENBOX SHOULD BE AFTER APPEAR OF RACH BY WEEK*** .UNTILL VESICLE BECOME CRUSTEDUNTIL CARTER STAGE IS LAST.‫يتم عزل مريض الحل النطاقي حتى تنقشر جميع الحويصلت‬ Dental decks - page1308

no vitality in this tooth . in the examination .A)calcification B)RCT with gutta percha C)extraction D)capping Child have tooth which have no moblity but have luxation best :treatment acrylic splintnon rigid fixation = flexiblerigid fixationif lateral luxation and no mobility . only if primary consider intrusive luxation and pressure over the tooth bud of the permanent-.B) Extraorally under the chin . reestablish previous occlusion then apply non rigid fixation with an adjacent tooth.and in the x ray there is fracture from the edge of the ? incisal to the pulp .and have discoloring on it . if luxation as in contusion no treatment.calcific barrierapexfication with gutta percha fillinggutta percha filling،‫ ومن ثم الحشو بالكوتابركا‬CALCIFIC BARRIER ‫الهدف من ماءات الكاسيوم هو تشكيل السد الذروي‬ !!‫إذا الخيار الول ل يتعارض مع الثاني‬ ً :‫طيب هذا السؤال أليس أوضح وإبن حلل‬ child 10 years came with trauma on the center incisor from (331 year ago .Its most contagious one day before the onset of rash and until all .a) Intraorally through the mylohyoid muscles .and wide open apex the best treatment *** .vesicle have crusted years pt come with necrotic pulp in upper central with root apex 10 not close yet best treatment *** .calcium hydroxide.peterson :To drain submandibular abscess .

gland. facial artery and .Mahler scale ..page 158 " Progression of the events to deeper or more extensive ditching has been used as visible clinical evidence of conventional amalgam deterioration and was the basis of the mahler scale ?ST. .after 24 h it is indistinguishable from untreated enamel .1 .never occur b-after hours c-after weeks d. and . by atleast 1cm to avoid injury to marginal mandibular .C) Extraorally at the most purulent site *** . *** مستوطن‬endemic/2 ‫ معزول‬isolated/3 Dental caries: the disease and its clinical management .Page 124 :Best Root Canal Material primary central incisor ‫ كحشوة‬a-idoform b-Guttapercha ‫ كدواء‬c-Formacresol Studies show that Complete Remineralization of surface of-3 :an accidentally etched enamel a.Color analogues scale .4th Ed.D) Extraorally at the lower border of the mandible below lower border of man.OMF secret :Scale to measure marginal deterioration ***. submand.lengual nerve.coccus mutans cause caries & this disease is /3 ‫ وبائي‬epidemic /1 ‫.after months :1 ‫مرجع‬ Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .2 "Art & Science . (2005) – page 355 Remineralization of etched enamel occurs from the saliva.

a-Bard Parker blade # 15 in fine.a-Low Air in the compressor b-Trauma to the head of the hand piece c-Pressure during operating !online saurce -:Most used Scalpel in oral surgery-5 *** .:2 ‫مرجع‬ ‫يجب أن تغطي المادة الرابطة كل أجزاء السطح المكيف حيث يحتاج السطح المكيف الذي يبقى دون‬ ‫مادة رابطة ودون كومبوزيت إلى حوالي 2 – 3 أشهر حتى يستعيد تمعدنه الطبيعي وخلل ذلك‬ .Cant do relining for the metal - :Relining of denture remove all or part of fitting surface of the denture and add acrylic add acrylic to the base of the denture to increase *** .c-Change all the fitting surface 401 ‫المرجع: أكسفورد ص‬ .a-Less irritation to the abutment couldn’t find it Why we use acrylic more than complete metal palate in :complete denture *** .vertical dimension :Rebasing of Complete Denture mean a-Addition or change in the fitting surface b-Increasing the vertical dimension *** . source is peterson but not mentioned directly but 12 most of incisions are made with 15 blade :Advantage of Wrought Wire in RPD over Cast Wire-6 .Rebasing is replacement of most or all of the denture base .‫سيكون هذا السطح عرضة للعوامل الخارجية ولحدوث التصبغات‬ :One of these has no effect on the Life span of handpiece-4 *** .

.‫وفيه يجب عدم تغيير البعد العمودي، أما التبطين فهو إضافة أو تعديل باطن الجهاز‬ When Do class I preparation of posterior tooth for Composite-8 :Restoration *** .a-remove caries only b-extend 2mm in dentin ‫ويمكن تمديد الحشوة لتشمل الوهاد والميازيب الحرجة‬ :Color Stability is better in-9 *** .a-Porcelain b-Composite c-GIC many sources updated articles when all the teeth are missing EXCEPT the 2 canines ,-11 :according to kennedy classification it is *** .a- Class I modification 1 ‫لن الصنف الرابع )الفقد المامي( ليس له تعديل‬ Pontics are classified according to their surface toward the-12 ............................... , ridge of the missing tooth A-Both statment are true b-both are false c-1st is true ,2nd is false d-1st false , 2nd true ‫السؤال ناقص لكن الفقرة الولى صحيحة‬ :Antibiotics are most used in cases of-13 a-Acute Localized lesion *** .b-Diffuse , Highly progressing lesion peterson Patient un-cooperation can result in fault of operation,-14 Technical faults ONLY are related to patient factor .TRUE *** .FALSE ay shay fi ONLY false -general rule

Bone graft material from site to another site in the same person a-allograft *** b-auto graft c-alloplast d-xenograft ester type of local anath secreted by -not secreted but excreted a-liver only b-kidney c-lung cholinesterase is produced by the liver; by breaking ester linkages it inactivates drugs such as succinylcholine and estertype local anesthetics. The hepatic microsomal enzyme system converts lipid soluble drugs into more water soluble ones that can be excreted by the kidney.-peterson : where does the breakdown of Lidocaine occurs (380 A) kidneys *** .B) Liver Energy absorbed by the point of fracture called a-ultimate strengh b-elastic limit *** c-toughness Toughness It is defined as the amount of energy per volume that a .material can absorb before rupturing Toughness - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The ability of a metal to deform plastically and to absorb .energy in the process before fracture is termed toughness Toughness patency filling a-push the file apically to remove any block at the apex ***

b-rotate the file circumferentially at the walls to remove any .block of lateral canals c-rotary files circumferentially at the walls to remove any block .of lateral canals .D-file with bleaching agent best stress transfer under amalgam .a-with thin base layer *** .b-with thick base layer .c-if put on sound dentin Tooth with full crown need RCT, you did the RCT through .637 the crown, what is the best :Restoration to maintain the resistance of the crown .A) Glass ionomer resin with definite restoration Acidulated phosphat flouride a-1% fluoride ions *** b-1.23% c-2% d-2.23% f-3% http://www.ada.org.au/App_CmsLib/Media/Lib/0610/M28845_v1 _632973825445597500.pdf

child with vesicle on the hard palate with history of malaise /15 :for 3 days what is the possible diagnosis *** .herpes simplex /1 erythema multiform /2 140 ‫أكسفورد ص‬ ‫الحويصلت والتوعك من علمات الحل البسيط‬ .emedicine viral oral infc

years old pt had extraction of the lower primary molar & 5 /16 :he had fracture of the apex of the tooth what is the best ttt aggressive remove /1 visualization & remove /2 *** .visualization & leave /3 to prevent injury to tooth bud y/o boy came to the clinic in the right maxillary central 7 / 17 :incisor with large pulp exposure pulpectomy with Ca(OH)2 /1 *** .pulptomy with Ca(OH)2 /2 Direct pulp capping /3 leave it /4 partial pulpotomy :wax properties are /23 expansion /1 internal stress /2 ‫حسب كتاب المواد السنية‬ ‫صفتا الشمع عموما: التشكيل والنسياب‬ ً ‫من الصفات الواجب توافرها في شمع الصب : درجة تذويبه أعلى بقليل من درجة حرارة الفم‬ .‫ليتحمله المريض – عامل تمدد وتقلص منخفض – ناقلية حرارية منخفضة‬

old pt came to replace all old amalgam filling he had sever /24 :occlusal attriation the best replacement is composite /1 amalgam /2 ‫ حشوات مصبوبة‬cast metal restoration /3 *** .full crowns /4 5 ‫حسب أكسفورد ص 043 تستطب التيجان الكاملة بحيث ل تتعدى زيادة البعد العمودي الطباقي‬ ‫ملم‬ :Teenager boy with occlusal wear the best ttt is /25 remove the occlusal /1

teeth capping /2 restoration /3 Child has bruxism to be treated with sedative cusp capping *** .vinyl plastic bite guard "Dentistry for Child and Adolescent - Page 646" A vinyl plastic bite guard that covers the occlusal surfaces of all teeth plus 2 mm of the buccal and lingual surfaces can be worn at night to prevent continuing abrasion. The occlusal surface of the bite guard should be flat to avoid occlusal interference :avulsed tooth /26 *** .splint (7-14) day /1 or (3- 14) weeks /2 if closed apix and stored in suitable medium such as hank's solution then 7-10 days- peterson

:proxy brush with which type of furcation-33 Furcation Grade 1-1 Furcation Grade 2-2 *** .Furcation Grade 3-3 Furcation Grade 4-4 online sources instrument which we use to make groove in the wax is.41 Curver After u did upper& lower complete denture 4 old pt. He came back 2 the clinic next day complaining of un comfort with the denture After u re check ,no pain, good occlusion, good pronunciations , but u notice beginning of inflammation in the :gum and outer margins of the lips , u will think this is due to

*** .xerostomia -1 vit-B deficiency-2 ?online sources Patient with leukemia absolute neutrophilic count is 1700 what oral surgeon should do go on the manager postpone another day *** .work with prophylactic antibiotic platelets transfusion do nothing-----and absolute neutrophil count are sufficient to recommend oral treatment. Postpone oral surgery or other oral :invasive procedures if platelet count is less than 75,000/mm3 or abnormal clotting .factors are present absolute neutrophil count is less than 1,000/mm3 (or consider prophylactic antibiotics).- NIDCR recommendation Amalgam restoration and there is also gold restoration in the ?mouth what should dentist do .Change rest .Put separating medium *** .Wait .put varnish ‫حسب كتاب: المواد السنية‬ ‫تتشكل طبقة متلونة بفعل الكسدة تغطي الحشوة وتعزلها عن الوسط الفموي ويتلشى انزعاج‬ .‫المريض مع الوقت‬

:colour of normal gingiva in interplay between-51 Keratin- b.v. – melanin- epithelial thickness

An 8 years old child, suffered a trauma at the TMJ region as enfant. Complaining now from limitation in movement of the

*** only d b+d leukemia + infections.perncious anemia a+b a+b+c. Diagnosis is a) Sub luxation *** . • ‘Virgin’ abutment teeth. Class III occlusion favourable) • Splinting teeth .Marylad bridge_4 "Summery of Operative dentistry – page 44" Small occlusal forces (adhesive bridges in bruxist patients or • when replacing maxillary canine have poor results) • Intermediate restoration. Genralised lymphadenopathy seen in a.unfavourable.HIV d. • Favorable occlusal scheme (deep overbite . • Missing lateral incisors.lymphocytic leukemia c. hiv no emedicine Pt has bad oral hygine and missing the right and left lateral insicor what ttt implant_1 rpd_2 conventional fpd_3 *** .b) Ankylosis 1.:mandible.infection b.

4 :embrasure space to have healthy gingival so the contact in the middledepend in the opposing occlusion:Bonding agent for enamel we use.m 0.alveolar ridge :The tip of size 20 endo file is.primer with resin modified glass ionomer- .primer & adhesive bonding agent.02 ***m.m 0.3 m.8 *** .unfilled resin.Contraindication of gingivectomy surgical interference with edentulous ridge for a-good retention. stability and continuous uniform *** .2 In FPD in upper posterior teeth we should have gingival.resin dissolve in acetone or alcohol.

……weak of the cusp with undermine enamelbevel and contra bevelweek cusp should strengthen it by resin- 2.10 amalgam with proximal marginal defect. or amalgam in some products :We redo high copper amalgam restoration when we have.that is used to etch enamel and/or precondition the dentin The primer: a hydrophylic monomer in solvent.11 . the best matrix to be Used: *** .5 mm:Complex amalgam restoration when to do it. or another agent -1 . It acts as a wetting agent and provides micromechanical and chemical bonding to dentin The unfilled resin is then applied and light or dual-cured. such as -2 hydroxymethalmethacrylate. For cavity class II amalgam restoration in a second maxillary premolar.A) Tofflemire matrix B) Mylar matrix C) Gold matrix D) Celluloid strips Summery of Operative dentistry – page 220 Types of matrices . pretreated porcelain . *** >foodaccumulation open margin less than 0. -3 This layer can now bond to composite.Dental secrets – page 188 The etchant: phosphoric acid.luted with composite. nitric acid.

can light-cure through. used for amalgam restorations Mylar Easily mouldable and can light-cure through.14 hemorrhage after traumaincomplete remove GP from the pulp chamberIncomplete removal of pulp tissue Pocket Atlas of Endodontics – page 178 In order to prevent discoloration of the tooth crown by components of the root canal filling material.resin composite . used in Class V cavities Difficult cases In deep subgingival cavities use of special matrices such as tofflemire or automatrix or copper bands .after a root canal.13 high viscosityhigh retentionhigh strengthcan add colorantHigh resilience?????? :Discoloration of endo treated teeth.. used for .to discoloration of the clinical crown Pathway of the pulp 9ed – page 231 blood recomposesand Hb gets converted to Haemosiderin which enters the dentinal tubules and causes the typical black discolouration after trauma.apical to the cementoenamel junction Pocket Atlas of Endodontics – page 88 It must be sufficiently extended mesially and distally so that the pulp horns can be completely accessed and all necrotic tissue removed.Plastic Rigid.often achieve better contact points and marginal adaptation Occasionally electrosurgery required to permit matrix .adaptation :Most important sealer criteria to be success. a heated instrument must be used to sever the filling material 2mm . similarly. Tissues that are left behind can lead later on .Metal Firm. if the biomech is not done well and insufficient usage of irrigants like .

AFTER root canal The access cavity is positioned too far to the gingival with no incisal extension.coronal discoloration because the pulp horns remain ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF ROOT CANAL BACTERIA FROM SYMPTOMATIC NONVITAL TEETH WITH PERIAPICAL PATHOSIS * ANURADHA RANI ** ASHOK CHOPRA :Cast with (+ve) bubble b/c of .using warm water when mixing stoneplaster is too thickvarious online sources :Non absorbable suture.silk:most important criteria for full ceramic FPD. This can lead to bur and file breakage.hypochlorite and hydrogen peroxide.16 air trapped Mixing stone.high compressive strength.18 *** .the same flows into the tubules and a tooth which looked normal suddenly looks black . .17 catgutvicryl*** .*Voids in impression when taken by the dentist pouring. this property is used to advantage to provide increased .High tensile strength Restorative dental materials 2002 – page 5 Because ceramics are stronger in compression than in tension.

where mandible move 1st true & 2nd false..24 :cusp tip area mm 0. When drink hot tea .21 :which parts *retentive arm… guide plane and Pt come with pain tooth #.5 mm 1.1st false & 2nd true both false both true - :Balance occlusion in complete denture help in .5 mm 1-1.5 mm of amalgam for nonfunctional .resistance to shattering Balance occlusion should be utilize in natural dentition ..23 :continuous for 10 minutes diagnosis *** irreversible pulpitis necrotic Thickness of amalgam in complex amalgam restoration in.5-2 mm 2-3The goal is to have at least 2 mm of amalgam thickness for functional cusps and 1. Pain . & -19 may all or some of the teeth contact in both side regardless .20 retention.…& stability Reciprocal arm in RPD help to resist the force applied by ..

Immerse the impression in a chemical solution :Lingual bar contraindication . Expansion of the impression c. So with age the pulp :becomes a) less cellular b) more fibrous c) overall reduction in volume due to the continued deposition (of dentin (secondary/reactive Pt need complete denture u take impression with irreversible hydrocolloid & poured it after late more than 15 min the cast :appear sort & chalky the reason is a.ultrasonic vibrating - .28 .27 short lingual sulcus long lingual sulcus too crowded lower anterior teeth Dental decks 671 ‫القوس اللساني يستخدم في حال وجود لجام لساني منخفض أو عمق بالميزاب اللساني أو ازدحام‬ . Cell death results in a decreased number of cells.decrease pulp chamber size Specific changes occur in dental pulp with age.‫القواطع السفلية‬ .‫مضادات استطبابها: عند وجود عرن عظمي ل يمكن إزالته وعند ميلن القواطع السفلية لسانيا‬ ً :Over extended GP should remove using .25 reduce collagen fiber Increase cellular in pulp ***. *** OX b.cusps during final restoration-online :Pulp with age . Dehydration of the impression. The surviving fibroblasts respond by producing more fibrous matrix (increased type I over type II collagen) but less ground substance that contains less water.

fungus and protozoa . in radiographs it shows 3mm of radiolucency at the apex of the root Diagnosis is a)chronic apical periodontitis(s:none to mild pain + PA RL) torabinjad b) acute apical periodontitis c)acute periodontitis with abscess :Q..percha removal using three different techniques *Bharathi G **Chacko Y ***Lakshminarayanan L surgery - :Sterilization mean killing .29 Bacteria and virus *** . ***torabinjad b)reinforced glass ionomer d)composite .best core material receiving a crown on molar a)amalgam.Bacteria.dissolving agent rotary or round bur--.Patient came to your clinic with dull pain in the #6 .no response to the pulp tester.44 plaster stone refractory(Plaster or stone can be used (hassaballa book Q.could be -.Ideal properties of RC filling material is the following :EXCEPT a) Radiolucent in radiograph (grossman ideal properties to be radioopaque) torabinjad book b)Not irritate the surrounding tissue c) Easily removable when retreatment is necessary d)Stable and less dimensional change after insertion Q.An in-vitro analysis of gutta. virus.Bacteria and fungu :Material which used for flasking complete denture .

Resin . Amalgam may also be Packed into the coronal aspect of the root canals (Nayyar core technique) and an amalgam core Built up. .prepare for endo -3 "Dental secrets – page 167 " There is general agreement that carious exposure of a mature permanent tooth generally requires endodontic therapy. A Dentine adhesive system .should be used with resin composite to enhance retention :Q.When removing moist carious dentin which exposes the :pulp. (2005) – page 158 Direct method Pre-formed posts are cemented into one or more canals. dentist should do direct pulp cap -1 do indirect pulp cap -2 *** .most comon site which drain pus is a) mandibular central incisors (most common site with vestibular space infection or abscess and thinnest overlying (buccal bone b)mandibular canines c) mandibular first molar Q-The nasopalatine bone forms a triangle will be parallel to an imaginary lines extended between cemento-enamel junctions of adjacent teeth True False Q.4th Ed. which is the preferred technique.Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .modified GI or resin composite may also be used These materials have the advantage that the preparation can be completed at the same visit.

Treatment of cervical caries in old patients with a temporary :restoration is best done by *** . Because of the stigma of long-term failures.Carious exposure generally implies bacterial invasion of the . b) Redo the RCT c) Apicectomy .Most used sugar substitute ( a) Sorbitol (website reference b) Mannitol c) Insulin *** d) Xylitol Q.pulpotomy or direct pulp-capping with Ca(OH)2 Q. Only in the treatment of pulp exposures in fractured young anterior teeth with open apices does the literature discuss .pulp. the promotion of a healthy :diet is low effective measure -1 moderately effective measure??? Not sure -2 high effective measure -3 mandatory measure -4 Q. and Hemorrage Control A clinical review failed to support direct pulpcapping or pulpotomy procedures in teeth when a mechanical exposure pushes infected carious operative debris into the subjacent pulp. with toxic products involving much of the pulp However.Follow up of RCT after 3 years . partial pulpotomy and pulp capping of a carious exposure in a tooth with an immature apex have a higher .In prevention of dental caries.chance of working "Dental pulp 2002 – page 335 " Cavity Cleansing. Disinfection. RC failed best treatment is :to a) Extraction of the tooth *** .a)Glass ionomer b)composite resitn :Q. our profession generally selects traditional endodontic treatment.

b) Debridement materials reach the apical area C) …….632 *** .Oral and Maxillofacial. Pathology and Oral Medicine An abscess is a pathological cavity filled with pus and lined by ..acute abscess is .a)maxillary 1st molar :Q17) The aim of biomechanical process during endo is to allow .a) GP reach the apex . Radilolgy.a pyogenic membrane epithelium ‫أما الناسور )يترافق مع الخراج المزمن( فهو مبطن بنسيج بشروي‬ .the retainer of rubber dam a)four points of contact two buccally and two lingually .B) Check tissue response Q.:Q..B) Cavity containing blood cells *** .a) Cavity lined by epithelium .A) Prevent secondary infection .x :The aim of treatment maintenance is .d) Cavity containing fluid MASTER DENTISTRY.15 ‫ ص‬Pathway of the pulp 9ed 1st ‫المرجع‬ ‫وكذلك الكيس بطانته بشروية‬ :Q-The most close tooth to the maxillary sinus *** .C) Cavity containing pus cells . Surgery.

in registering the vertical dimension of occlusion for the :edentulous pt. the physiological rest position a) is equal to the vertical dimension of occlusion b) may be exceeded if the appearance of the pt is enhanced c) is of a little importance as it is subjected to variations d) must always be greater than vertical dimension of occlusion :Mandibular fracture other complications nasal bleeding_1 ‫ جحوظ‬exophthalmos -2 numbness in the infraorbital nerve distribution-3 Hypercementosis and ankylosis is seen in a: paget disease b: monocytic fibrous dysplasia c: hyperparathirodism years patient come with untreared truma to tooth that 7 became yellow in colour what you shoul tell the parents a: pulp is dead b: pulp become calcified ( tooth in this age still not (complete root formation yellwish color indicate calcificaton ?c: the tooth will absorb normally a and b :1 a and c :2 all of the above "3 The infection will spread cervically in infection from a: lower incisors b lower premolars (c: lower 2nd and 3rd molars(sublingual sub mand d: upper incsisors .without rocking b) four points of contact two buccally and two lingually above the height of contour c) four points of contact two mesially and two distally ……… d) 2 points Q.

Curved hemostat petrson forceps to hold flap when suturing (2 *** answer: adson's .d: mesial in inflamed muocosa due to wearing denture to when do new denture a: immediatly b: after week c: put tissue conditioning material and wait until the *** .Regular tweezers ‫: ورم لثوي مشكل‬Remove thick epulis figuratum -1 a.Adson forcep c.Infeerior orbital fissure located In hypertension patient the history is important to detect severity a: true b: false When take x ray in upper premolar to locate lingual root using mesial shift it will apear a: distal b: buccal c: lingual *** .Allis forceps *** b.tissue heal and take impression after 2 weeks the needle holder used in suturing of lower third molar.23 *** .curved haemostate allis forceps?(stillies forceps: longer forceps than adison ) peterson Adson forceps .

.Pulp oedema has no effect on vascular system -1 fluid is compressed in the vessels limiting the intercellular -2 pressure interstitial pressure increased due to increased -3 ‫ *** زيادة الضغط الخللي‬vascularity cause necrosis of the pulp tissues -4 the favored relationship in case of fabrication of a lower class 1 RPD opposing a natural dentition is prognathism -1 working side -2 balancing side -3 none of the above -4 ‫: الهدف الرئيسي‬mechanochemical prep'n during RCT main aim (6 widening of the apex (1 master cone reaches the radiographic apex (2 ***proper debridement of the apical part of the canal (3 master cone doesn't reach the apex (7 ledge(1 (residual remenants (debris(2 . What will you do .(3 *** 2&1 (4 ...all of the above child patient with oblitration in the centeral permenant (16 :incisor.pterygomandibular raph (13 Insertion & origin muscles should be medial to the injection *** ...

Not correct. it should be convergence b.= = = >1. which of the following won't be present in the treatment plan rpd implant Maryland bridge auto implant of the premolars.RCT pulpotomy pulpectomy ***careful monitoring …… a drawing The divergence should be mesiodistally for an amalgam restoration no it should be convergent if the remaining proximal marginal ridge = 1.Correct but it should be for occlusal with = 1.6mm d. Patient that has a central incisor with severe resorption and who's going through an ortho treatment that is going to make him extract the premolars.6 mm *** only if > 1. .6 only if < 1.6 mm ((not sure ??)) 293.6mm *** c.6 :‫صيغة اخرى‬ Picture of the tooth show divergence of the mesial and distal -9 a. ‫مشكوك في صيغة السؤال كما هي ولكن النسب هو الخيار الول فهل نضع جهاز متحرك من أجل‬ ‫سن واحد؟؟‬ :76 ‫الزرع ممكن مستقبل ، وجسر ماريلند مناسب لهذه الحالة وورد في أكسفورد ص‬ ً Transplantation of a lower premolar into the socket of an extracted incisor can be considered if lower arch is crowded.<1.

). repeated every 5 to 20 minutes as necessary. It requires an immediate injection of 0. or subcutaneously (S.0-5.A) 1/1000 B) 1/10000 C) 1/100000 Dental secrets – page 50 If the reaction is immediate (less than 1 hour) and limited to the skin..wrongdiagnosis. rhinitis. • If the patient is in the early stages of anaphylaxis and hasn’t yet lost consciousness and is still normotensive. such as conjunctivitis. If other symptoms of allergic reaction occur. Patient had anaphylactic shock due to penicillin injection . when the patient has lost consciousness and is hypotensive.000 aqueous solution.V. give epinephrine I.5 ml of epinephrine 1: 1. Patient with radiopacity in the periapical area of a 1st mandibular molar with a wide carious lesion and a bad periodontal condition is: condensing osteosis *** hypercementosis 295. give epinephrine I.294.C. :‫ملحظة‬ ‫الدرينالين المستخدم للتخدير الموضعي الطبيعي 2% بينما عند حدوث التحسس من البنسلين فإن‬ 1/1000 ‫الدرينالين المستخدم للحقن العضلي 1. Anaphylaxis is always an emergency.y/treatment. what's the most important in the emergency treatment to do: 200 mg hydrocortisone intravenous 0. *** Http: //http: //www.. helping it move into the circulation faster by massaging the injection site. The patient should be monitored and emergency services contacted to transport the patient to the emergency department.. For severe reactions.M.1 to 0.5 mg epinephrine of 1/10000 intra venous adrenaline of 1/1000 intra muscular.com.. 50 mg of diphenhydramine should be given immediately either intravenously or intramuscularly. bronchial .0% أي‬ bronchial asthma epinephrine concentration (263 subcutaneously *** .

best material for major connector ( 39 Gold wrought wire *** chrome cobalt gold palladium titanium during 3/4 crown preparation on premolar.. bur used to add (41 :retentive grooves is radial fissure on a central incisor receiving a full ceramic restoration.System B .. If the patient becomes hypotensive..‫جميع الخيارات الثلثة الولى من تقنيات حقن الكوتا الملينة بالحرارة‬ .etc :continuous condensation technique in gp filling is (28 obtura I obtura II ultrafill *** .. fearful.constriction.or 5% dextrose/water :which is contraindicated to the general anaesthia (27 patient with an advanced medical condition like ***. but who's uncooperative. or angioedema.. cardiac down's syndrome patient child with multiple carious lesion in most of his dentition child who needs dental care. The patient should be monitored until emergency services arrive. (42 during finishing of the shoulder finish line subgingivally Diamond end cutting . 0.3 cc of aqueous 1/1000 epinephrine should be given by subcutaneous or intramuscular injection. an intravenous line should be started with either Ringer’s lactate .

This technique is especially useful in sharpening instruments with curved or irregularly shaped nibs. The base of this triangle is directed toward *** . .in a class III composite with a liner underneath. what's the (44 best to use *** .throw in a special container of sharp instrument (1 sterilize and re use(2 through in ordinary plastic waste basket (3 sharping of hand instrument mounted air driven better (259 than unmounted due to *** .A) Buccal B) Palatal C) Mesial D) Distal after usage of sharp scalpels.light cured GI zno Eug Reinforced znoeug outline of 2nd molar Access Opening (45 ***Triangular with the base mesially The outline form of upper maxillary molar access opening (397 : is Triangular. needles.A) fine grit B) sterilization C) ability to curve instrument The mounted-stone technique. a straight handpiece. what's the best(48 management *** . Equipment consists of mandrel-mounted stones. The second technique for sharpening dental instruments is the mounted-stone technique.

lubricant. and again. Mounted stones are cylindrical in shape and appear in several sizes. but without extreme care. thereby causing the instrument to no . Practice. and " "Cases. and is used for sharpening instruments that are dull.. The stones permit rapid sharpening. Ruby stones are primarily composed of aluminum oxide. 3rd Edition Came to the clinic complaining from pain related to swelling on maxillary central incisor area which vital and normal under ?percussion periapical cyst /1 . will remove too much metal and may overheat the instrument. Arkansas stones and ruby stones (sometimes called sandstones). the instrument to be sharpened. Mounted stones are made of two materials.. They have a fine grit and are used with the straight handpiece. has a rapid cutting ability.longer hold a sharp edge Unmounted sharpening instruments are better than (22 :mounted because has finer grains don't alter the bevel of the instrument easier to sterilize less particles of the instruments are removed = cut less . The ruby stone is comparatively coarse.. Veterinary dentistry: principles and ved=0CA0Q6AEwAQ&safe=active#v=onepage&q&f=fals e& Unmounted stones are customarly preferred as they are kinder on insturment by removing less metal in the sharpening process ‫موضوع أفضلية التعقيم مذكور ولكن ليس بأهمية حفظ الدوات من التآكل أثناء التشذيب‬ Clinical Aspects of Dental Materials: Theory.of the plade . two-inch by two-inch gauge. Overheating the instrument will destroy the temper.

like citric-acid rinsing.effective against anaerobic bacteria Solvidont.c) sodium hypochlorite and iodine potassium "Pocket Atlas of Endodontics – page 154" Therefore. At a 15% concentration.rinsing solution. but also an unfavorable relationship between . exhibits good antibacterial properties. citric acid has been shown to be very .cytotoxicity and antibacterial efficiency Physiologic saline (nacl) is by far the most tissue-friendly . but its antibacterial effect is quite low . a bisdequalium acetate.(incisive cyst( nasopalatin cyst/2 globulomaxillary cyst /3 aneurysmalbone cyst /4 Y/o boy came to the clinic in the right maxillary central incisor :with large pulp exposure pulpectomy with Ca(OH)2 /1 *** .when there is infection and draining from the canal is a) Sodium hypochlorite b) Iodine potassium *** . EDTA solution is recommended before the placement of calcium hydroxide.pulptomy with Ca(OH)2 /2 Direct pulp capping /3 leave it /4 The percentage of simple caries located in the outer wall of the dentin (proximal sides of the tooth) which left with out :cavitations is around 1-10% 2-30% *** 3-60% 4-90% Irrigation solution for RCT .

on the other hand. the tissue toxicityis higher than the antibacterial .Betadine” is the commercially available product” With paraformaldehyde or phenol-containing solutions.equally good tissue biocompatibility . diagnosis is -contact dermatitis -allergy -aphthous ulser *** (herpes simplex (herpetic gingivostomatitis adult 20 years male with soft tissue & dental trauma reveals -1 severe pain in soft tissues with loss of epithelial layers and :anterior upper centrals are intruded the diagnosis is a-abrasion with luxation b-errosion with sub luxation c-ulceration with luxation d-ulceration with subluxation trigeminal neuralgia treated by carbomizapine. how u manage to get rid of the fragment & fill with composite to reattach the fragment with composite and latter cover with veneer others patient came to dentist after previous stressful procedure-12 complaining of burning & discomfort of his lip on examination u found lesions on the palate.efficacy pt came with class IV he had tooth trauma & he brought the -2 fracture segment & on examination u found that the pulp is not :exposed & only u can see dentine.Iodine and also potassium iodine are good antiseptics with . the max dose-2 :per day divided in doses is a-200 mg .

2.prevention of infective endocarditis is a-ampicelline 30 mg /kg orally 1hour before procedure b-cephalixine 50mg/kg orally 1hour before procedure c-clindamicine 20mg/kg orally 1hour before procedure d-amoxicilline 50mg/kg orally 1hour before procedure Dental secrets ""Amoxicillin. Do not exceed 1200 mg/ day . attempts should be made to reduce the dose to the minimum effective level or to discontinue the drug Read more: Carbamazepine Dosage .Maintenance dose: 400 to 800 mg/day Some patients may be maintained on as little as 200 mg/day while others may require as much as 1200 mg/day.from pain. At least once every 3 months throughout the treatment period.(release) or 50 mg orally 4 times a day (suspension May increase by up to 200 mg/day using increments of 100 mg every 12 hours (immediate or extended release). only as needed to achieve freedom . or 50 mg four times a day.0 gm orally 1 hr before procedure :the organism that not found in newborn mouth-4 a-streptococcus mutant b-streptococcus salivaris c-e-coli d-skin bacteria .Drugs.com years child with congenital heart disease came for 3-10 extraction of his lower 1st molar. the antibiotic for choice for . (suspension).B-500mg C-1000mg D-1200mg 104 ‫المرجع: كتاب اللم الفموي الوجهي ص‬ ‫الجرعة اليومية 006-0021 ملغ‬ Usual Adult Dose for Trigeminal Neuralgia Initial dose: 100 mg orally twice a day (immediate or extended .

2 The bacteria enter the mother's body through an open. which generally affects only one breast. When this supplement was .1 These bacteria often are carried on the mother's or (hospital) staff's unwashed hands. S salivarius became the dominant organism of saliva. usually occurs two to three weeks postpartum.correlated to the eruption of the teeth And This infection.6 did not have S salivarius. but it might occur after only one week.A) Streptococcus mutans for a newly erupted tooth. S salivarius disappeared entirely The absence of S mutans and S sanguis from the mouth of the infants agrees with previous findings that these streptococci require hard surfaces such as teeth and dentures for successful colonization in the mouth.cases there might be no discernible wound :baby born without which bacteria (288 *** .A) Streptococcus mutans B) Streptococcus salivaris . or in the newborn's mouth. six months' old.pdf Breast-fed babies. It's caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli bacteria. When diets were supplemented with cereals and sugar. the most bacteria found (390 around the tooth is *** .‫المصدر التالي ينفي وجود العقدية اللعابية والطافرة‬ Http://jdr.com/content/49/2/415. studied by Belding and Belding.full.'0"14 Subsequent studies of the infants in the present study will reveal if the occurrence of these streptococci in the mouth is strictly . although in some .excluded from the diet. injured area of the nipple.sagepub.

2 . the major connector of choice U shaped is the least-1 favorable design Bcoz its -anteroposterior palatal strap lack rigidity *** u shaped Using indirect retainer is a-2 posterior palatal must Clinical prosthodontic 11edition .3 *** .Compomer .1 .To see live cells .Glass ionomer Patient has a palatal torus b/w hard & soft palate.Amalgam .To see metaobolic *** .To see dead cells :instrument used for scratching stone cast to make postdam-6 a-le cron carver In primary tooth for restoration before putting the filling u put -base *** calcium hydroxide -varnish best way to detect presence of 2 canals*** putting 2 files & take x-ray for root canal treated tooth u choose to put post & amalgamthis depend on *** remaining coronal structure -root divergence -presence of wide root others :The best method for core build up is-19 .???What is uses if microscop .

a.Its rare genodermatosis that is inhered as an autosomal dominant trait Usually appear at birth White lesion bilaterally on cheek.b-burnishing of peripheries of restorationis easier to remove excess cement It for more adaptation c-lowering occlusal surface before it finally sets.page 186 hypotension resulting from depleted fluid@ .white sponge nevusMay present extra orally others Other name: cannone disease Ref: oral &maxillofacial pathology nevile 2 edition Pt construct for him a complete denture after few days he came to u White diffuse pla complaining from pain & white spots on the residual ridge do relief in that area & give him ointment & after few days he came again complaining the : same but in another area the main cause is .& other member in the family has i White diffuse plaque bilaterally leukoplakia*** . Uneven pressure on the crest of alveolar ridge b. Increase vertical dimension Didn't find the answer in book But I've asked dr hassaballah his answer was b because if we have high v dimension causing pain it will stay even after we relief the area bcoz the cause is still exist After final inlay cementation and before complete setting of cement we :should a-remove occlusal interferences *** . Once the cement is hard the rubber dam is removed and the occlusion checked with articulating paper and adjusted with fine diamond burs Ref: Pickard's Manual of Operative Dentistry Eighth edition OXFORD – .

b-1 day after dialysis c-1week after dialysis @Avoid using tetracycline .II.patient has underlying systemic condition answer in book but denture is overextende dr.bleeding difficulties Ref: Burket's oral medicine. Dental treatment for a patient on dialysis should be done on the day between dialysis appointments to avoid .accident.hassaballah choose 2 Pt presented with vehicle accident u suspect presence of bilateral – 17 Occiptomental RG :middle 3d facial :condylar fracture what is the best view to diagnose condylar Fracture @ fx lefort I. Dental secrets – page 54 patient with 5 years old denture has a severe gag reflex .1 *** .salivary gland Posteranterior :low neck fx@ .serious sequlae of hemo dialysis that occur during or immediately after dialysis so the best treatment is on one day after dialysis Avoid using NSIAD coz its ncrease Na@ :pt with renal dialysis the best time of dental tx is-12 retention impaired action of diuretic lead to a-1 day before dialysis acidosis *** .Occiptomenatal .Reverse towne .2 Coronoid process Lat oblique 30 degree .3 @Reverse town :high neck fx Condylar fx Lateral oblique :angle of the@ mandible . and myocardial infarction .III . upon history (17 he says he had the same symptoms in the first few days of the denture delievery and it went all alone patient has severe gag reflex I couldn't find the .cephalosporin Using pharmacological sedative during@ stressful procedure is recommended to \inhibit ncrease systolic pressure Patients typically receive dialysis 3@ times/week.

which is inervated by CN10 of the pharyngeal plexus Ref:snill human antomy Rate of electrosurgery :Electro surgery rate *** .5 – 1.2 .4 million cycle per seconds 7.5 .1 .and have attrition in ?the insicial.5 .V .1 )Fac ial nerve (Chorda tympani .Female come need to endodontic for central insical .IX .2 .3 General sensation of the anterior 2/3 : Lingual 4XII Nerve which is a branch of Trigeminal nerve CN V Taste and general sensation for the post1/3: ).2 Metal crown .Glossopharyngeal nerve (CN 9 All intrinsic and extrinsic muscles of the tongue are supplied by the Hypoglossal nerve (CN 12).20 composite restorations in the mesial and distal walls .million cycle per seconds 10 – 7.Full crown .and have media .5 or megahertz There 3 classes of acive elecrodes Single electrode for incision or excision Loop electrode for planning tissue Heavy electrode for coagulaion Ref : Caranza periodontology – page . except for one of the extinsic muscles.3 million cycle per seconds 30 .3 The nerve which supplies the tongue and may be anesthetized during :Taste of the ant 2/3 of tongue :nerve block injection *** . edge the best restoration .5 – 1.Jacket crown .VII .1 *** .million cycle per seconds 25 – 10 .million cycle per seconds 7. palatoglossus.

Short root .Wide pulp chamber . including close observation. are generally treated conservatively using arch bars and intermaxillary fixation . Mandible movements are normal in all ?direction…. soft diet. physiotherapy.4 .Inter mandibular fixation .2 .3 No treatment is performed only anti inflammatory drugs and .3 Pt came to the clinic after he has an accident.41 .1 .2 .Inter maxillary mandibular fixation . What is your treatment . X-ray revealed bilateral .:Immature tooth has less sensation of cold hot due to .observation If there is change in occlusion : perform open reduction and bone plating of one side only If no changes :Conservative treatment. and functional appliances. is advised in most cases Unilateral condylar fractures without displacement.Fixed IMF for 6 weeks .38 fracture of the condoyle.Incomplete innervations .1 .

Yellowish or whitish discoloration .Displacement .APTT prolonged easily@ bruising VI k is residues for factors 2.c.vit. especially on the labial surface.1o Ref: Clinical medicine 5 edition page 463 by parveen kumer .1 .b.Crown dilaceration@ occurs in 3% of injuries to the primary dentition Ref: paediaric dentistry 3edition ch 12 :What is the best media for keep avulsion tooth .4 Sequalae Localized enamel hypoplasia – trauma to the@ primary tooth can disturb enamel formation in the underlying permanent tooth.Malformation .In water same temperature of room .2 Milk is an effective isomolar mediam .Small to large opacities of hypocalcification in the enamel are thought to be caused by periapical infection.hemophelia B .APTT normal@ :the diagnosis is .2 . we do Child with previous history of minor trauma with excessive bleedingbleeding@ time .4 12 Hemophilia B: PT normal PTT raised .thrombocytopenia . thrombocytopenia: PT .years old patient received trauma in his maxillary primary incisor.9.Cracks in enamel .a.K deficiency VI k deficiency: PT .3 Ref: paediaric dentistry 3edition ch . Crown or root dilaceration .7.3 .In cold water . Test is +ve.In cold milk .1 *** . This condition is referred to as Turners Hyposplasia @White or yellowish-brown discoloration . The permanent incisors are expected to have *** .In milk same temperature of room .35 .platelet count normal test the result is prolong PT & slightly increase clotting time & ……………. the 6 :tooth is intruded.

autonomous) endocrine hyperfunction such as 2/ (Albright syndrome) precocious puberty Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia Unilateral Café-au-lait spots Eagle syndrome is a rare condition where an elongated temporal styloid process (more than 30mm) is in conflict with the adjacent anatomical structures. dentist evaluate prognosis with flexible wire/1 ridge wire/2 in follow-up pd wire/3 Completed in centric occlusion is normal but in eccentric occlusion the :The correct should be :lower ant teeth & upper ant are interfere with contact wtanswer is do reduction of mand incisor/1 Reduction of labio incisal of lower ant_1 '' max '' ''/2 reduction of lingual inclination of max incisior/3 palatal surface of max teeth_2 '' mand '' '' '' '' '' ''/4 Ref :clinical complete dt prosthodontic p 365 . and otalgia Ref: Ref: oral &maxillofacial pathology nevilee 2 edeition : Avulsed teeth with replantation. dysphagia. unilateral facial and neck pain. Head and neck nevi with multi lesion is: 1/Eagle syndrome.Albright It is suspected when two of the three following features are present: 3. tinnitus. can present with unilateral sore throat.

or a mixture( Sticky consistency Breaks into small particles in the mouth Causes pH to fall below 5. b.5 :Food low cariogenic affect the following should be characteristic low buffring capacity/1amounts of fat Moderate ph low than3/2 Minimal amounts of carbohydrate contain mineral/3 High concentration of calcium and phosphorus pH greater than 6 H Highly processedRelatively high protein S S Stimulates saliva secretionExamples:Examples:Crackers E E E Pre-sweetened cereals Breads Muffins Dried fruits Cookies P Potato chipsCheese Peanuts Meat Milk Eggs 109. Have characteristic microscopic features Can be confused with acute hypertrophic candidiasis Can be confused with Lichen planus Can be confused with chronic hypertrophic candidiasis S S Some vegetables It is characterized by wide and elongated rete ridges that appear to push into underlying ct (bulbous rete ridges It could be similar o papilloma Ref: oral &maxillofacial pathology nevilee 2 edition .H High CariogenicityLow CariogenicityHigh fermentable carbohydrate content )starch. : Histopathologically. d. sugars. early verrcus carcinoma a. c.

H.pneumoniae. ef: oral &maxillofacial pathology nevilee 2 edeition p 182 Endodntics .4th Ed.or resto in hyperocclusion . petrson .tooth ache in premolar and molar area *** .influenza. clinical complete dt prosthodontic Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .maxilary sinusitis canine space infection Causative organism: s. This is due to infection of the maxillary canine and potentially may spread to the cavernous sinus.WillisGauge A Willis gauge.after you check no caries when you pressure on maxillary premolar he Symptom of acute sinusitis :headache . moraxella dentoalveolar infection catarhalis Acute apical periodontites Etiology :irreversibly inflamed pulp by caries. ???feel pain. (2005) – page 194 ???what name of bur used in proximal surface of laminate veneer(15 Radial dimound Ref :fundamental of fixed fissure prosth. Is only accurate to ±1 mm . In x ray no change what diagnosis Acute apical periodontits photophobia .for recording of vertical dimention we use -10is assessed using Resting face height .over instrumentation Canine space infection is evidenced by anterior cheek swelling with loss of the nasolabial fold and possible extension to the infraorbital region.pain on cheek bone .The patient's appearance and speech@ profile silhoute@ @Face mask Ref: . to measure the distance@ between the base of nose and the underside of the chin.fever.Dimond fissure Ref :fundamental of fixed prosth.3edeition p455 Round end diamond bur ???what name of bur use in facial surface of veneer(16 *** .3edeition p455 patient feel sever pain upper mouth pain is radiated to easy and ear(15 :Max sinusitis .

anterior displaced maxilla .retruded and croweded mandibular incisors .and retruded mandible ( ‫)الجوبة اتوقع انها ناقصة‬ Ref: Oski's pediatrics: principles & practice In the pulp cell rich zone inner most pulp layer wich contain fibroblast 1 cell free zone rich with capilleres and nerve networks 2 odonotbalstic layer wich contain odontoblast 3 4all of the above .Open bite Anterior open bite flaring maxillary incisors Cross bite . posterior cross bite .Affect of pacifier and digit sucking ???pacifier habit what you see in his mouth-4 .

all /4 :3rd generation of apexo locator (81 Use with all pt Need more research Ncrease chair time ** .3edeition Ref: fundamental of fixed prosth. Of bacteria /3 *** .D) temporal bone .The glenoid fossa = the mandibular fossa depression in the temporal Bone that articulates with the condyle of the Mandible and is divided into two parts by a slit :ref Anatomy of the Human Body .Decrease radiographic film need .3edeition :Glenoid fossa is found in (71 orbital cavity /1 nasal cavity/2 middle cranial fossa /3 *** .What type pontic design would you in a patient with a high esthetic -18 : demand when preparing teeth number 9pontic a F P D :Saddle – 11 for a.An ovate pontic should not be used because is impossible c.ridge lap or saddle pontic Most esthetic pontic look like tooth but b.Henry Gray – page 82 :The spread of odontogenic infection is based on (72 host defense /1 virulent of microorganism /2 No.modified ridge lap pontic to clean Ref: fundamentals of fixed :prosth.

Hr 6 /4 hr if heparin is given IV . highly esthetic. Isolated A)giant cell granuloma *** . bleeding on probing.(B) pyogenic granuloma (pregnancy epulis C) giant cell granuloma :Porcelain.24 hr if 6( subcutanouseouly Ref: contemporary of oral and maxillofacial srgery petrson p 18 Pregnant 25 years. location on papilla of (194 :anterior area of the maxilla. we choose (195 A) Dicor . anterior maxilla area.used with porcelain to enhance wetability of bonding /1 used with tooth and porcaline /2 Saline is added to etched surface to improve resin bond o porcelain Ref:fundamental of operative dentistry schwartz 3edeition p509 : pt taken heparins he should do surgery after (96 Hr 1 /1 Hr 2 /2 Hr 4 /3 *** .:silane coupling agent (86* *** .

.C)Impress Dr hanef answer it :the highest strength in porcelain (196 *** . Increase moisture sensitivity and cause expansion b. zinc tend to *** . Increase marginal integrity and longevity than zinc free amalgam --.A) ZR (zircon) reinforced in ceram Setting converted zinc o zinc oxide and produce H gas that could expand amalgam excessively resulting in patient pain :Amalgam pain after restoration due to (198 A) phase 2 gamma B) phase 1 gamma *** . A+ b oxide preferentially forming a zinc oxide that cover surface of alloy and suppress oxidation of other elements Side effect of zinc was moisture contamination in low copper amalgam High copper don’t exhibit phenomenon of delayed expansion before setting : Ref: ref fundmental of operative dentistry 341 155art and science of operative dentistry : endocrine and exocrine gland is (215 .c Zinc added o amalgam to enhance mechanical proprieties. --..e.43 a.d reduce marginal fracture and prolong service of Rx.B) in ceram .C) zinc containing alloy D) Admix alloy but this is true only when there is moisture contamination :ref fundmental of operative dentistry 341 155art and science of operative dentistry Zinc if added to amalgam .

…etc) (317 : put in A) dicharged paper basket *** . needle tips.*** ..B) Food impaction underneath the pontic C) separation between the abutment and Loose retainer*** (dissolving of the retainer. Cause .B) remove all the old restoration & undermined enamel & caries C) insertion of post immediately for discharged sharp instrument (blades. not easily identified by pt he may notice bad taste or smell cement / microleakage Its indicate : an adequate prep Poor cementation Or caries Ref :contemporary fixed prosth 4 edition po936 rosenthial .B) designed sharp instrument special container C) disinfectant in auto glave then throw D) put it in multifoil years old patient came to your dental office. suffering 32 (338 from a bad odour and taste from His mouth. wedges.A) pancreas B) pituitary gland C) thyroid g D) salivary g E) sweat g :during post removal the first thing to do is (298 A) remove the G. By examination patient has an anterior mandibular 3 unit bridge that bubbles upon :Applying water spray and slight pressure.A) broken abutment .P *** .

regions of enamel . they Dentin when view in longitudinal ground . tooth loss .a) acute osteomyelitis discharge.1 dental enamel that begin at the *** .:Type of osteomylities acute osteomylites_1 Pt has sign and symptoms of typical infection Diabetic patient came to clinic with pain & swelling & enlarged .Enamel when view in horizontal ground . pain.moth eaten appearance Diffuse sclerosing osteomylites_ 3 Uncommon disease occur in molar region Swelling trismus Etiology infection of bacteria of low virulence for eg skin infection RG : n crease opacity of the bone Focal sclerosing osteomyilites_4 (condensing osteties Localized area associated w pulpities Occur in children In pm _molar Tx : remove odontogenic infection Nevile oral and maxillofacial pathology P126 127 Second dark lines :Hunter Schreger bands are white and addition that appear in .4 represent areas of enamel rods cut in cross-sections dispersed between areas of rods cut longitudinally The bands are not commonly observed in the incisal or occlusal .2 dentoenamel junction and end before .19 Alternating light and dark lines seen in .3 they reach the enamel surface. Short duration . on radiograph it showed mouth eaten appearance..no radiographic changes mandible.Dentin when view in horizontal ground . your : diagnosis is Chronic osteomylities : swelling.b) focal sclerosing osteomyelitis Radiographic feature: patchy ragged ill defined c) diffuse sclerosing . pus_2 *** .Enamel when view in longitudinal ground .

Patient complaining from pain in the floor of the mouth (beneath the (340 lower jaw) your diagnosis is related to the salivary glands. In a technique called sialograph Child with cleft palate and cleft lip with anodontia due to-23 a.Von Willebrand syndrome )>>>von der woude syndrome b. they cannot be seen on radiographs unless special steps are taken to make them visible.down word slanting palpebral fissure has coloboma in outer portion of lower eye lid 75% . *** (Specialized radiograph for the Salivary gland disorders Dental secrets – page 107y Because the salivary glands consist of soft tissue.Paget disease )Treacher collin syndrome (mandibulofacial dysotosis Rare Defect in second and first brachial arches Hypoplastic zygoma .Treacher Collins syndrome c. what’s the best :x-ray to help you A)panoramic B)occlusal (C)sialograph.

or unusual examination dentist diagnose the tooth is eyes carious and has irreversible pulpitis. as well as abnormalities of the lip and/or palate.B) Extraction C)Intra-pulpal anaesthia distal surface for first upper premolar . distinctive pits of the lower lips. After facial features.. or both. men more Asymptomatic Maxillary involvement more common than mandible Extreme case cause Osseo nasal obstruction. time for anaesthisation. These variable manifestations include lower lip pits alone.Ear defect Under developed mandible hypoplasia of condyle 15% has cleft palate Von willer band syndrome Its not syndrome Its disease caused by genetic deficiency of plasma glycoprotein von willerbrand factor.A) give another appointment to the patient with description of antibiotics . absent teeth. or isolated cleft lip and cleft palate of varying severity. the patient won’t allow the dentist to touch the :tooth due to severe pain. He decides to do RCT. The most common symptoms found in patients with EEC Syndrome are: missing or irregular fingers and/or toes (ectrodactyly). its most common of inherited blood disorder Most of cases are mild and insignificant clinically : Paget disease Abnormal and anarchic resorbtion and deposition of bone Cause : unknown Affect old people . Dentist should . It is the most common syndrome associated with cleft lip or cleft palate . Female patient came to your clinic with continous severe pain related (337 cleft to 1st \maxillary molar.contact with the neighbor (342 : teeth A)in the middle with buccal vastness wider than lingual one . abnormalities of the hair and glands. After enough and urinary tract .associated anomaly Ectrodactyly –ectodermal dysplasia cleft lip cleft /Palate (EEC Syndrome) is a rare form of ectodermal inherited as an autosomal dominant genetic trait the symptoms of which can vary from mild to severe. obliterated sinus Van der woude syndrome is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by a cleft lip or cleft palate. Hypodontia has been increasingly recognized as a frequently .

Mesial contact in he middle third D contact more cervical but still in B)in the middle with lingual vastness widermiddle third than bucccaly one The crown is little narrower in lingual than buccal :Ref Dental anatomy 6 edition 153 Which condition is an apical lesion that develop acute exacerbation of-26 :chronic apical abscess a.c.palatal b.Mesiobuccal d.Intramembranous ossification c.Granuloma b-phonex abscess c.All of above : Skeletal Bone of skull develop from-21 a.Neurocranium ossification b.Non of above Which of the following canals in # 14 is most difficult to-25 :locat a.Cyst` d.Distobuccal *** .Endochondral ossification .

Ossification take place in hyaline cartlige Ref :introduction to orthodontic . mandible.d-arsen All of these elements can cause discoloration What is the test name for detecting the virulent of .lower 2ed premolar d.c-bismuth .lower 2ed molar *** .lower 1st premolar c.laura mitchel 3edeition p33 The developing humen clinical embrylogy7edetion Which tooth require special attention when preparing-27 :the occlusal aspect for restoration a.he said that hi has : gasteriointensinal problem.Intramembranous :seen during embryonic development By direct transformation of mesenchymal cell to osteoblast Occur in facial bone.upper 1st molar Pt came 2 u with coloration bluish (or green?? ) and black in the gingival margins . clavicle Endochondral seen in long bone of limb and the cranial base .this is caused because of a-mercury b-lead *** .b. clavira.

C)metronidazole D) all of the above . By :clinical and radiographic examination your diagnosis *** ..class II amalgam restoration with deep caries the patient comes with localized pain related to it after 3 :months due to a)undetected pulp horn exposure b) over occlusion .. *** انسلل‬C) diapedesis Q.a-hemolysis B-catalase Patient suffering from pain in the area of the (345 mandibular molars with paresthesia in the lower lip...c) moisture contamination during the restoration …………(d : Dylantin (phynotoin) don’t give with (193 B)azoles *** .((bacteria i do not remember the name may be spirochete .A) Acute osteomyelitis the movement of polymorphic cells in the gaps of (344 intracellular to the blood capillary :Outside it called ‫ مسامية‬A)porosity ‫ تسرب‬B)slinking (source Wikipedia) ‫.

resulting from fertilization of two ova by two sperm It also follows that difference between monozygotic twins result from environmental differences whereas those between dizygotic twins result from differences in both heredity and environment .plexus vein /2 Posterior alv.you found great (183 change behavior Between both of them this due to A)hereditary B)environment \C)maturation Dentistry for child and adolescent Human twins are of two basic types: monozygotic (or identical) twins resulting from a single ovum fertilized by a single sperm.B-iatrogenic lesion c-hyperkeratosis D-stomatitis twins came to your clinic during routine examination . when u did the examination u notice the max tubersity will be interfere with dt need 12 no blade to be extention/1 partial thickness flap extend buccal & palatal/2 suture under tension/3 After u inject L.:Thermal pulp test principle of blood supply of pulp/1 nerve supply of pulp /2 AO fibers/3 Pt need complete dt. and dizygotic (or fraternal) twins .A for 2nd max molar pt become colorless : with external sweeling its due to facial artrey/1 *** . Nerve /3 pt with renal transplantation came with white elevated-13 lesion on tongue no history of smoking or tobacco chewing :diagnosis is a-candidiasis *** .

School of Dental Medicine. A Green and . the drain is sutured : to . A Yu. Department of Oral Pathology and Biology. The oral dryness is not associated with cardiovagal autonomic system dysfunction but may be due to disturbances in glycemic control___(Xerostomia in diabetes mellitus.brand name :surgicel !!! B) Gelvon___no results in search ..A) Diabetes Mellitus DM: either insulin dependent or insulin independent .!!!C) Influenza.the osmotic effect of the glucose solution result in polyuria (frequent urination )stimulate pt thirst causing polydipsia (frequent liquid consumption ) ___Contemporary . OMFS Peterson 4th edition Dry mouth is a common complaint among ambulatory diabetic patients.A Valdini.D) Headache patient complaining of Xerostomia & frequent (381 going to the toilet at night . State University of New York. __ transmissible disease .) which of the following materials is NOT a (386 : hemostatic agent A) Oxidized cellulose….hemostatic agent .C) Zinc Oxide patient suffering from a submandibular gland (398 abscess. L M Sreebny. It is strongly associated with objective measurements of poor salivary flow and with other oral and extraoral symptoms of desiccation. Stony Brook 11794-8702. dentist made a stab incision and is fixing a rubber drain to evacuate the pus.what medical condition should prevent the dentist (379 : from practicing dentistry A) Diabetes B) Hypertension .

Shillingburg 3rd edition . __ facial or buccal surface --fundamentals of fixed prostho. .__ pathways of the pulp 9th edition Preparation of tooth for metal ceramic restoration (406 :should be done in A) two planes.adv: ..A) parallel to long axis Labial reduction for porcelain metal restoration must-26 :be 1.adv :high stiffness C) Irreversible hydrocolloid__ not sufficiently accurate D) Poly vinyl siloxane (Additional silicone)..__ Contemporary OMFS Peterson 4th edition . C) Crown down tech. 1 plane for aesthetic. Shillingburg 3rd edition .A) Intra-oral B) From angle of the mandible..adv: odor and long setting time B) Poly-ether___ adv: dimensional stability .A) Step down tech . __adv: dimensional stability equivalent to B .…C) Between myloid muscle and The best material for taking full crown veneers (399 : impression is A) Poly-sulfide ___adv : dimensional stability (but less than B... setting inhibition when contact with latex gloves ( Reference (contemporary fixed prostho..less rigid than B and more than A .dis..B) Step back tech . dis. 2 plane by follow the monophology.D). __fundamentals of fixed prostho. .. 2. rosenstile 4th edition : what is the concept of Pro-taper system (401 . dis.

: Functional cusp bevel in post teeth prevent 1thin casting in the junction between the occlusal and axial reduction 2over contouring deflective occ. you open A) The most bottom of the abscess .If extension of the incisal plane __ over taper and too close to the pulp...but in 2nd molar due to thinner lingual bone than buccal plate .preparation for labial surface in one plane in the (343 :preparation for metal crown is A)more retentive *** . 2..If extension of the gingival plane __bad shade match and over contoured..B) less retentive Long . Contact.parallel axial walls with one path of insertion more . Direction . the direction is lingualy than buccaly Reference : Contemporary OMFS Peterson 4th edition Upon opening an incision in a periapical abscess in (416 : a lower 1st molar.B) buccolingual direction to dilate socket C) mesial then lingual___ usually extraction done in bucco-occ.B) The most necrotic part of the abscess C) Extra oral . plane parallel . to the floor + . retentive : Preparation for anterior metal ceramic with one plane 1. Shillingburg 3rd edition) : when removing lower second molar (410 A) occlusal plane perpendicular To the floor __occ. (fundamentals of fixed prostho. 3Over incline axial surface  excessive tooth structure reduction  less retention .

• Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). 8th edition. it is used to confirm the results of an ELISA. other tests are not usually needed. 3 months. This test has a low chance of having a false result after the first few weeks that a person is infected. But it is more expensive than a Western blot test and not commonly used. <sublingual traumatic ulceration Riga-Fede disease: an ulceration of the lingual frenum in some infants. If ELISA is negative. but it is done to confirm the results of two positive ELISA tests.578 indicated for the short therapy of DOTS andIs directly :observed once in the clinic A) Tuberculosis. • Indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA). Like a Western blot test.. © 2009.Elisa Reference : webmed Several tests can find antibodies or genetic material (RNA) to the HIV virus. Genetic material may be found even if other tests are negative for the virus.Fede's disease Mosby's Medical Dictionary. This test finds either the RNA of the HIV virus or the HIV DNA in white blood cells infected with the virus. the test is usually repeated to confirm the diagnosis. PCR testing is not done as frequently as antibody testing because it requires technical skill and expensive equipment. Elsevier Which of the following conditions is highly . This test may be done in the days or weeks after exposure to the virus. This test is usually the first one used to detect infection with HIV. With the eruption of the 1st tooth <A)Riga-Fede disease. caused by abrasion of the frenum by natal or neonatal teeth. • Western blot. determine if an HIV infection is present when antibody test results were uncertain. has a lesion on the centrum .554 :of the tongue. Testing is often done at 6 weeks.. Also called . ___ treated by DIRECTLY OBSERVED THERAPY SHORT COURSE (DOTS). B) HIV C) H1N1 D) Mental Illness . This test detects HIV antibodies. If antibodies to HIV are present (positive). The PCR test is very useful to find a very recent infection. and screen blood or organs for HIV before donation. and 6 months after exposure to find out if a person is infected with HIV Neonate 2 years old. These tests :include • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).:What’s the test used for HIV (417 . This test is more difficult than the ELISA to perform.

579 you should start the water/air spray for Three minutes : in order to get rid of which type of microorganisms . USPHS Dental .. MICIK.. and 40% contained . Political commitment with increased and sustained financing Legislation. and GUNNAR RYGE . (C . Case detection through quality-assured bacteriology Strengthening TB laboratories. An effective drug supply and management system Availability of TB drugs. management. Division of Dental Health. International Standards of TB Care (ISTC).. Green Light Committee (GLC) • 5. ROBERT L. 16% contained Streptococcus salivarius. planning. PPM. Five :components of DOTS 1. Global Drug Facility (GDF).enterococci The main link between the pulp and the the .584 :periodontium is . Streptococcus mitis was found in 26% of the samples. San Francisco.. (D Studies on Dental Aerobiology: IV. California 94118.A) streptococcus mutans . Practical Approach to Lung Health (PAL). . community-patient involvement • 4. TB planning and budgeting tool. TB drug management. Standardized treatment with supervision and patient support TB treatment and program management guidelines. USA The samples did have organisms typical of those found in the mouth. WHO epidemiology and surveillance online training • (/Reference : WHO (http://www. data and country profiles. drug resistance surveillance • 3. Global TB Control Report.. CABOT ABEL. MILLER. training • 2.Health Center.int/tb/dots/en At the begining of the Operation day in the clinic. RUDOLPH E.. Bacterial Contamination of Water Delivered by Dental Units L.who.B) streptococcus salivaris .DOTS remains at the heart of the Stop TB Strategy . Monitoring and evaluation system and impact measurement TB recording and reporting systems. human resources.

Apical foramen. and mid 3rd C. Ordinary irrigant solution .2nd pm the opposite B. Suppurative periodontal abscess Which of the following teeth has a contact area .D.C. Better used diluted . Oxidative effect . Central mandible Incisor.distally more cervical Reference : Dental anatomy 6th edition :Naocl is used in RCT . no evidence in radiograph. edge . 1st maxillary molar__ all molars max and mand mesially in the .590 :between the incisal (occlusal) third and middle third A. mesial contact more lingual than distal contact . junction of occ and mid 3rd. __mesially incisal 3rd near the incisal .1st pm .588 mandibular molar.B. pulp test :is negative. __-ve pulp test = necrotic . torabinejad 4th edition C. torabinejad 4th edition B. 1st maxillary premolar__ 1st and 2nd max pm in mid 3rd .A. Acute periodontal abscess.594 .distally in the mid 3rd D. Dentinal tubules C. 1st mandibular premolar__ both 1st and 2nd mand pm in the junction of occ. with or with out swelling( no swelling if confined to bone ).A. Accessory canals D. Better result when used combined with alcohol . sever pain +no RG (evidence = acute (endodontics . Diagnosis A. PDL Patient came with severe pain related to right 1st . there's no swelling Related. __endodontics . Irreversible pulpitis B.

torabinejad 4th edition A question about Cleidocranial dysostosis . The forehead is broad and flat. Individuals with CCD are shorter than their unaffected sibs and are more likely to have other skeletal/orthopedic problems such as pes planus. sloping shoulders that can be apposed at the midline.dilution decrease the potential for toxicity. hypoplastic or aplastic clavicles. supernumerary teeth with dental crowding. recurrent ear infections. and malocclusion . The most prominent clinical findings in CCD: • Abnormally large.gov/books/NBK1513/) Disease characteristics. and scoliosis. Diagnosis is based on clinical and radiographic findings. wide-open fontanels at birth that may remain open throughout life.638 :characteristic Reference : NCBI bookshelf (http://www. wideopen fontanels at birth that may remain open throughout life. such as the cranium and the clavicles. and multiple dental abnormalities. Manifestations may vary among individuals in the same family. and mild degree of motor delay in children under age five years. failure to shed the primary teeth. The wide-open metopic suture results in separation of the frontal bones by a metopic groove. and malocclusion.: Naocl Most common irrigant . mid-face hypoplasia.. although bones formed through endochondral ossification can also be affected.nlm.dissolve necrotic tissue by braking down proteins amino acids . broad thumbs. the cranium is brachycephalic. tapering fingers. and hand abnormalities such as brachydactyly. Clinical Diagnosis Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) affects most prominently those bones derived from intramembranous ossification.with cholorhexidine act synergistically to eliminate microorganisms . high incidence of cesarean section. genu valgum. clavicular hypoplasia resulting in narrow.ncbi. abnormal dentition. including delayed eruption of secondary dentition.((endodontics .: Cleidocranial dysplasia (referred to as CCD in this review) is a skeletal dysplasia characterized by delayed closure of the cranial sutures. variable numbers of supernumerary teeth along with dental crowding. failure to shed the primary teeth. and short. including delayed eruption of secondary dentition. Other medical problems include recurrent sinus infections and other upper-airway complications. • Mid-face hypoplasia • Abnormal dentition. .nih. The most prominent clinical findings are abnormally large.

crowded teeth. supernumerary teeth • Thorax (Figure 2) • Cone-shaped thorax with narrow upper thoracic diameter • Clavicular abnormalities ranging from complete absence to hypoplastic or discontinuous clavicles. hasaballa explanation : if tissue uncovered by CD for few hours they return to there normal form . sloping shoulders that can be apposed at the midline Hand abnormalities such as brachydactyly. and fifth digits with cone-shaped epiphyses • Other. with wide pubic symphysis • Hypoplasia of the iliac wings • Widening of the sacroiliac joints • Large femoral neck and large epiphyses • Hands (Figure 3) • Pseudoepiphyses of the metacarpal and metatarsal bones. frontal. The lateral and middle thirds of the clavicle are more commonly affected (see Figure 2). presence of wormian bones (small sutural bones) • Delayed ossification of the skull • Poor or absent pneumatization of the paranasal.656 of denture in morning then become good this due to A) relief of denture. CD tissue may take time to adapt to the fitting surface B)lack of cheeck elastisty (pressure on the flanges <> (displacement of denture C)poor post dam (no posterior seal <> displacement of (denture . resulting in narrow. tapering fingers. and short. __ dr. which may result in a characteristic lengthening of the second metacarpal (see Figure 3) • Hypoplastic distal phalanges • Deformed and short middle phalanges of the third. and mastoid sinuses • Impacted. • Hypoplastic scapulae • Pelvis • Delayed ossification of the pubic bone.after wearing the . fourth.• • Clavicular hypoplasia. broad thumbs • Normal intellect in individuals with typical CCD The most prominent radiographic findings in CCD: Cranium • Wide-open sutures. Osteopenia with evidence of decreased bone mineral density by DEXA in some individuals is a non-specific finding • Pt with complete denture complain from tightness . patent fontanels.

A border line diabetic pt came with denture . Canine & premolar D. .662 : access openning with gates glidden bur take care to A. he said we never give systemic antifungal. Topical antibiotic Pain in central incisors from . hasaballahs' answer .659 stomatitis you find abundant debris in the tissue surface area of the denture>>the proper management :is A. (topical + relining with a tissue conditioner + rest of tissues at night +Good oral hygiene)___ dr. Central &lateral incisors _ pain may radiate to the adjacent . Systemic antifungal D.. Lateral & canine C. tooth B. Follow conservative method . topical with OHI enough C.661 A. Premolar & molar !!! Question need to be more specified To treat non vital tooth with open apex when doing . __open apex teeth have less dentine and wider pulp chamber . Remove minimal dentine.GG should not be used deep in the canals where they may over cut and create a strip perforation _(pediatric (dentistry 3rd edition welbury C. Systemic antibiotic B. Remove all dentin B. Topical antifungal.

It must be poured immediately. or covering the root with emdogain (enamel matrix protein ) and replanting Receiving the impression after removal from the-28 :mouth directly 1. 4.664 :management to return vascularity of the tooth >_< A.hassaballa 4mm..years old pt have avulsed tooth for 60 min the 20 . replantation : ( Avulsed tooth more than 60 min (closed apex PDL removed by placing in acid for 1 min ~ to reduce the inflammatory response when implanting~ . 3. 2mm. Place it in sodium chloride then sodium sulfide .. 6mm. The peripheries of the custom tray should be under-29 extended to all border and clearance from the frenum :areas 1. saliva . 3.. 8mm. Scrap the surface of the root. ___then pouring time deepened on the material 2.C. ___principles of CD prosthodontics .( sodium sulfide is a ( strong alkaline solution . It must be left for minutes.socked in fluoride (2% stannous fluoride ) for 5 min ~to slow the resorption process~ .milk . It must be mounted immediately. .physiologic saline.. Reference : pathway s of the pulp 9th edition Storage medium can be HBSS (hanks balanced salt solution ). Place the tooth in sodium sulfide of X%.dr.. 4. It must be disinfected immediately. 2._ never do that B.water is the least desirable due to its hypotonic environment cause rapid cell lysis and increased inflammation on .

hassaballa To give enough space for the die spacer. 2. The vertical height of the maxillary occlusion rim-35 :from the reflection of the cast is 12mm. 20mm :The posterior width of the maxillary occlusion-37 1.dr. None.The goal of making the peripheries of the custom-31 tray under extended to all bordered clearance from the :frenum areas 1234- To give enough space for the used impression materials to allow border molding the tray.dr. principles of CD prosthodontics . 1. ___ not used any more due to dimensional changes . A and c. 2. 3. __4mm. 2. 3.dr. To give enough space for the cementation materials. 1. . 2. ___found in principles of CD prosthodontics Ceramic plate. 4.hassaballa 10mm.hassaballa 3. 8-10mm. 4.hassaballa 8-15mm. . :The base plate could be made by-34 Acrylic plate. Wax plate.dr. 15mm. 5mm. 10-15mm. 4. in principles of CD prosthodontics . __6mm pm and 8-10 mm in m area . 42mm. __ principles of CD prosthodontics . __principles of CD prosthodontics .hassaballa 32mm. :The anterior width of the maxillary occlusion rim is-36 1. 22mm.dr. 4. 15-20mm. 3.

Equal to the point representing 1/2 of the height of the frenum areas.__ principles of CD prosthodontics .dr.hassaballa 2. prosthodontics . 50 degree. 4.The anterior height of the mandibular occlusion rim-38 :is 1. principles of CD 4. 36mm. __ dr. :To record the occlusal plane in order to-40 1. 2. Equal to the point representing 1/2 of the height of the alveolar ridge. 4. To determine the amount of space between the mandible and the maxilla which will be occupied by an artificial teeth 2.dr. 3. 4.__ dr.dr. 16mm. . 70 degree. A and B. 1. 4. 40 degree. None. The protrusive condylar guidance should be set on-1 :the articulator at 1.hassaballa . 3. A and B. None. :The posterior height of mandibular occlusion rim is-39 Equal to the point representing 1/2 of the height of retro molar pad. 26mm. 60 degree.hassaballa 3. 3. None. To determine the amount of space between the mandible and the maxilla which will be occupied by an artificial teeth. *__horizontal condylar guidance . :To record the vertical dimension in order to-41 1. hassaballah answer . 3. 2. To determine vertical and horizontal level of the teeth.hassaballah answer. 6mm. ___18 mm in principles of CD prosthodontics 2. To determine vertical and horizontal level of the teeth.

dr.Porcelain teeth. 4.None. 40 degree. 3. 2. 5-The primary goal of posterior tooth selection is: 1. __ 23420 degree. Zero degree. _ principles of CD prosthodontics .dr. 4. None. :You need…….dr.Zero degree. To let the patient feel comfortable.Incisal guide. 40 degree.dr. None. . 1. 2. ***___ principles of CD prosthodontics 20 degree.hassaballa 1.hassaballa 2.to get the teeth shade-6 1-Shade guide 2.Acrylic teeth.hassaballa . prosthodontics .The lateral condylar posts should be set on the-2 :articulator at 1.To satisfy aesthetic requirements. To satisfy aesthetic requirements.hassaballa 3. _ principles of CD 2. 4. None. 4-The primary goal of anterior tooth selection is: 1.To satisfy sychological requirements.To provide good functional requirements. To provide good functional requirements. 3. Acrylic teeth. :The incisal guide should be set on the articulator at-3 principles of CD prosthodontics . :The teeth materials are-7 1.

than max CI on average only 5\8 or 62% as wide 3. :Generally posterior teeth are classified into-9 1. 3. 2. 2. :The width of the lower teeth is-8 1. 1.hassaballa 4. Non-anatomy (cuspless) teeth or flat.dr. Investing. _ principles of CD prosthodontics .6th edition__ Mand CI considerably narrower . 4. 1/2 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship. 2. None. 1/3 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship. The process of positioning or arranging teeth on the-10 :denture base is termed 1. Which surface of the central incisor that contacts-12 :the median line Distal. 3. None. 2. 1. Incision. __ principles of CD prosthodontics .dr. 4.dr. Casting. Anatomy (cusp) teeth. All. A and B.hassaballa 3.2.hassaballa Flasking. 3. Important functions must be considered when-11 :arranging anterior teeth Aesthetics. 4. . None. Setting up. 3/4 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship. Porcelain teeth. 2. 3. ____ principles of CD prosthodontics . Phonetics. A and B. Mesial. Reference : dental anatomy .

__ (slight distal inclination)_ principles of CD 1. Lingual. It is called ……….dr. 3. 2. 4. Buccal.hassaballa 3.introduced in CD to compensate for opening influences produced by the condylar and incisal guidance during lateral and protrusive mand excursive movement. _ principles of CD prosthodontics . prosthodontics . 1. 4. Distal.. 4. Vertical plane. 2. 2. Horizontal plane. When the occlusal surfaces of the-15 :right and left posterior teeth are on the same level 1.hassaballa The ………. _ principles of CD prosthodontics .. Buccal. 3 mm The long axis of the maxillary cuspid is inclined-14 :slightly to the Mesial.above and parallel to the occlusal plane 1/2 mm.hassaballa 1 mm. Compensating curve. The incisal edge of the maxillary lateral incisor-13 :is……. All. 2 mm.dr. Compensating curve : antroposterior curvature in median plane(curve of spee ) and mediolateral curvature in frontal plane (curve of Wilson ) .3. 3. Lingual. Of the maxillary first bicuspid is raised-16 :approximately 1/2mm of the occlusal plane .dr. 4.

4.dr. All. 4.5 mm above the plane . The average distance between the lingual surface of-21 the maxillary anterior teeth and the buccal surface of :the mandibular anterior teeth is . 1. The distance between the incisal edges of the-20 :maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth is Horizontal overlap (overjet).dr. Mesial surface._ principles of CD Occlusal plane.hassaballa The distance between the lingual surfaces of the-19 maxillary anterior teeth and the labial surfaces of the :mandibular anterior teeth is Vertical overlap (overbite). All. 4. 4. prosthodontics . Occlusal plane. 1. prosthodontics . All.hassaballa 3. All maxillary posterior teeth touch the occlusal plane-18 :EXCEPT 1.hassaballa 1.dr. 3. The long axis of the maxillary first molar is inclined-17 to Buccal. 4.lingual cusp touching the occ plane. Mesial. Distal. Horizontal overlap (overjet). 2. 2.dr. Buccal cusp. __ principles of CD prosthodontics .hassaballa Lingual cusp. 2.__ principles of CD prosthodontics . ___(buccal cusp 0.1.dr. Second bicuspid. 3. First molar. 2.hassaballa 3. Second molar. Vertical overlap (overbite). Lingual.)_ principles of CD prosthodontics . __ principles of CD 2. 3. First bicuspid.

dr. The mesial surface of the cuspid.. For CD (artificial teeth ) no contact should bee b\w anterior teeth . The distal surface of the central incisor.hassaballa. 1mm. Central incisor. Cuspid (Canine). Lateral incisor. Natural dentition all anterior teeth contact the lingual surface of opposing anterior teeth __ The mesial surface of the mandibular lateral incisor-23 :contacts 1. 2. 2. Vertical overlap. 3. 3. 4. 2. None. 22-Which tooth of the mandibular anterior teeth that touch the lingual surface of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal centric relation? 1. Of the :maxillary anterior Horizontal overlap.hassaballa 3mm.dr. 4. The mesial surface of the central incisor. (OVER BITE).__ principles of CD prosthodontics . . 1/2mm. 2. 4.1. 3. 3. The relation involves the movement of the-25 mandibular to the side either right or left in which the 1. All. 4.__ principles of CD prosthodontics . 2mm. Occlusal plane. The tip of cusp of the mandibular cuspid is one-24 above the occlusal plane to establish ………. The distal surface of the cuspid.

All.dr. the :mandibular teeth are set 1. edition When the mandible moves to the working side. This relation is called 1. to fall within the base of the denture. 2. In order to distribute the primary forces of-27 mastication. First bicuspid. None. Therefore the :side to which the mandible moves is called 1. 3. 4. 4. Shililingburg 3rd Compensating side. Balancing relation. __ principles of CD prosthodontics All. 4. On the bucal edge of the ridge. fundamental of fixed prostho. 2. _ (bilateral balanced occ. On the crest of the ridge. 4. On the lingual edge of the ridge.__ fundamental of fixed prostho.hassaballa The mandibular posterior tooth that has no contact-28 with any maxillary teeth during the balancing occlusion :is 1. 3.)only in CD . the-26 opposite side cusp to cusp contacts in order to balance :stresses of mastication. Working relation. 2. 3. Second bicuspid. Second molar. 2.. Shililingburg 3rd edition Occlusal relation. Balanced occlusion is : . . First molar. 3.act of mastication is to be accomplished. Balancing side. Working side.

_ principles of CD prosthodontics . 1. Articulator.Bilateral simultaneous anterior and posterior occlusal contact of teeth in centric and eccentric position_ principles of CD prosthodontics .hassaballa 3.hassaballa Curing the acrylic. 2. 4. Polishing. 4. Deflasking.dr. _ principles of CD prosthodontics . Separating medium.hassaballa All the above. :direct pulp capping is done in-4 3. _ principles of CD prosthodontics . Size and shape of the teeth. Packing. 2. __ principles of CD 2. To separate the models (casts) safety. 4. A and B. (mold) Angle of the teeth. 4. .dr. prosthodontics . 3.dr. Flask. The procedure that follows the flasking procedure is-31 :called 1.dr. We Vaseline the inner surface of the flasks all-30 :rounds 1. A and B. None. 3. 5.hassaballa :The used device in flasking procedure is called-29 1. Teeth selection in setting up teeth gsf is based of-33 :these factors Shade of the teeth.hassaballa None. 2.dr. To help in the packing procedure.

html The dose in Sv is equal to "absorbed dose" multiplied by a "radiation weighting factor (millisievert (msv) = one thousandth of a sievert (sv . The maximum dose of X-ray exposure dose for – 14 :radiographic technique 1. Pinkham. Primary incisor. 4. =1000 msv 4. 4. 2. 2. What do we use as temporary filling material in-17 :anterior reign when aesthetic is important pulp ..even in this cases success rate is not particularly high and may result in internal resorption or acute dentoalveolar abscess . Glass ionemer cement. 10 roentgens per week. None of the above. 3. 3.I will choose it since it’s the least dose …. 2.ccohs. 3. 100 roentgens per week. Incisors. __ there is no mini roentgens may be mill roentgens!!. Permanent molar. Zinc oxide eugenol. its indicated in traumatic or mechanical exposure when conditions for a favorable exposure are optimal . = 3000 msv Reference : http://www.chapter 22 1. 100 mini roentgens per week.1.ca/oshanswers/phys_agents/ionizing. 300 roentgens per week. Primary molar. _recommended if no signs and symptoms in the Premolar and molar. Primary molar.reference : . direct pulp capping of a carious exposure in primary teeth is not recommended. All the above. Composite.Pinkham. = 100 msv 3. 2.chapter 22 :Indirect pulp capping done in-16 1.

Risk of death within days or weeks 10 (Sv .R (roentgen) exposure is approximately equivalent to 10 mSv 1 tissue dose ?What effects do different doses of radiation have on people One sievert is a large dose.limit . Here are some :examples Sv . 3.5th edition . averaged over five years 20 Recommendatio n Relative to stochastic effects NCRP ICRP Occupational dose limits msv annual 50 msv annual effective 50 effective dose limit dose limit and 100 msv in 5 and 10 msv y cumulative effective dose cumulative effective . 4. The recommended TLV is average annual dose of 0. All the above. Varying degree of pain. 2.TLV for annual dose for radiation workers in any one year 50 . _endodontics .white and pharaoh :Acute periapical abscess characterized by – 15 1. .Risk of cancer later in life (5 in 100 1 (mSv .mSv .TLV for annual average dose.05 Sv (50 mSv).torabinejad 4th edition :Smear layer composed of – 16 . Varying degree of swelling.The effects of being exposed to large doses of radiation at one time (acute exposure) vary with the dose.Risk of cancer later in life (5 in 1000 100 mSv . Some time not shown on the radiograph.dose limit Relative to msv annual 150 msv annual equivalent 150 deterministic equivalent effective effective dose limit to lens of effects dose limit to lens of eye and 500 msv annual eye and 500 msv equivalent dose limit to skin annual equivalent and extremities dose limit to skin and extremities Table 3-2 from oral radiology principles and interpretation .

retentive : Preparation for anterior metal ceramic with one plane 3. 3.If extension of the gingival plane __bad shade match and over contoured. (organic pulpal material and inorganic dentinal debris)_pathway of the pulp 9th edition . Bacteria. ..B) less retentive Long . I've asked the professors.. 4.579 you should start the water/air spray for Three minutes : in order to get rid of which type of microorganisms .1.If extension of the incisal plane __ over taper and too close to the pulp.parallel axial walls with one path of insertion more . 6Over incline axial surface  excessive tooth structure reduction  less retention . 2. search the net and books for the answers and this is what I got preparation for labial surface in one plane in the (343 :preparation for metal crown is A)more retentive *** . Dentine debris. Shillingburg 3rd edition) At the begining of the Operation day in the clinic. All the above. _(no bacteria in smear layer ) 4. : Functional cusp bevel in post teeth prevent 4thin casting in the junction between the occlusal and axial reduction 5over contouring deflective occ. (fundamentals of fixed prostho. Contact. Inorganic particles.

replantation . California 94118. and GUNNAR RYGE . Premolar & molar !!! Question need to be more specified ==cause of pain years old pt have avulsed tooth for 60 min the 20 .664 :management to return vascularity of the tooth >_< A.661 A.. Streptococcus mitis was found in 26% of the samples.B) streptococcus salivaris . saliva . Place it in sodium chloride then sodium sulfide ._ never do that B.milk . Reference : pathway s of the pulp 9th edition Storage medium can be HBSS (hanks balanced salt solution ). Lateral & canine C. and 40% contained enterococci Pain in central incisors from . 16% contained Streptococcus salivarius.. Scrap the surface of the root....C.. ROBERT L.. (D Studies on Dental Aerobiology: IV. Bacterial Contamination of Water Delivered by Dental Units L. CABOT ABEL..( sodium sulfide is a ( strong alkaline solution . Place the tooth in sodium sulfide of X%. Division of Dental Health. MILLER.A) streptococcus mutans ..water is the least desirable due to its hypotonic environment cause rapid cell lysis and increased inflammation on . USPHS Dental Health Center..physiologic saline. RUDOLPH E. (C . San Francisco. Central &lateral incisors _ pain may radiate to the adjacent ... Canine & premolar D.. USA The samples did have organisms typical of those found in the mouth. tooth B. MICIK.

8.than max CI on average only 5\8 or 62% as wide 22-Which tooth of the mandibular anterior teeth that touch the lingual surface of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal centric relation? 5.dr. 7. or covering the root with . 8.socked in fluoride (2% stannous fluoride ) for 5 min ~to slow the resorption process~ . Reference : dental anatomy . 1/2 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship. Natural dentition all anterior teeth contact the lingual surface of opposing anterior teeth __ The mandibular posterior tooth that has no contact-28 with any maxillary teeth during the balancing occlusion :is . 3/4 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship. None.: ( Avulsed tooth more than 60 min (closed apex PDL removed by placing in acid for 1 min ~ to reduce the inflammatory response when implanting~ . Lateral incisor.__ principles of CD prosthodontics .hassaballa. For CD (artificial teeth ) no contact should bee b\w anterior teeth . 6. 1/3 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship. Cuspid (Canine).6th edition__ Mand CI considerably narrower . Central incisor. 6. None.emdogain (enamel matrix protein ) and replanting :The width of the lower teeth is-8 5. 7.

First molar. The recommended TLV is average annual dose of 0.ccohs.hassaballa 5.TLV for annual dose for radiation workers in any one year 50 .dr.html The dose in Sv is equal to "absorbed dose" multiplied by a "radiation weighting factor (millisievert (msv) = one thousandth of a sievert (sv R (roentgen) exposure is approximately equivalent to 10 mSv 1 tissue dose ?What effects do different doses of radiation have on people One sievert is a large dose. = 100 msv 7. 300 roentgens per week.mSv . 8.Risk of cancer later in life (5 in 1000 100 mSv .05 Sv (50 mSv). __ there is no mini roentgens may be mill roentgens!!.. Second molar.ca/oshanswers/phys_agents/ionizing.TLV for annual average dose. Second bicuspid. The maximum dose of X-ray exposure dose for – 14 :radiographic technique 5. 10 roentgens per week.Risk of death within days or weeks 10 (Sv .Risk of cancer later in life (5 in 100 1 (mSv . Balanced occlusion is : Bilateral simultaneous anterior and posterior occlusal contact of teeth in centric and eccentric position_ principles of CD prosthodontics . 6. Here are some :examples Sv .First bicuspid. 100 mini roentgens per week. =1000 msv 8.The effects of being exposed to large doses of radiation at one time (acute exposure) vary with the dose. 7. = 3000 msv Reference : http://www. 100 roentgens per week.I will choose it since it’s the least dose …. 6. averaged over five years 20 .

*** Peridontist. Aesthetic. 20mm. 3. 3.white and pharaoh It is preferable to be the length of the handle of the custom-25 :tray 1. . 2. 15mm.dose limit Relative to msv annual 150 msv annual equivalent 150 deterministic equivalent effective effective dose limit to lens of effects dose limit to lens of eye and 500 msv annual eye and 500 msv equivalent dose limit to skin annual equivalent and extremities dose limit to skin and extremities Table 3-2 from oral radiology principles and interpretation . mandible or face by the use of non living substances 1. Endodontist.limit . Maxillofacial prostheses.5th edition . 2. *** 4. 10mm. :The objectives of maxillofacial prosthetics-3 1.Recommendatio NCRP ICRP n Occupational dose limits Relative to msv annual 50 msv annual effective 50 stochastic effective dose limit dose limit and 100 msv in 5 effects and 10 msv y cumulative effective dose cumulative effective . 2. Pedodontist. Maxillofacial prosthodontist. Partial denture. 25mm. anatomic and …………-1 cosmetic reconstruction of missing or defective parts in the :maxilla. . 3. 4. Complete denture.……-2 restore aesthetic and functional requirements to patients with :maxillofacial defects 1. is the art and science of functional. 4. *** Orthodontics. Is the one that provides application and device to ..

*** 3. Acquired defects. Congenital defects. *** :Cleft palate. Congenital defects. Obturator. 3. :Extra-oral restorations are-8 1. 2. Protect the tissues. All. 4. missing nose or ear. Lost part of maxilla or mandible with the facial structures is-9 :classified by 1. prognathism are-5 Acquired defects. Congenital defects. All. pathology are-6 Acquired defects. 3. cleft lip. *** 4. :Accidents. Missing eye. 3. None. Developmental defects. missing ear. 3. Intra-oral restorations. :The Functions. 4. Developments defects. Ear plugs for hearing. The lack of continuity of the roof of the mouth through the-11 whole or part of its length in the form of fissure extending :anteroposteriorly is 1. *** 2. All. 2. 4. All. 2. Radium shield. *** 4. surgery. 2. 4. Extra-oral restorations. Combined intra-oral and extra-oral restorations. *** type of maxillofacial defects-4 1. 3.2. 1. None. 1. . Developments defects.

Speech aids. *** None. *** None. The part of a removable partial denture that contacts a-20 :tooth it affords primarily vertical support is called . 2. Hereditary. 3. 4. 3. A prosthesis used to close a congenital or acquired opening-14 :in the palate is 1.……-16 of broken parts of jaw bones in their original position until ?repair takes bleeding 1. Obturators. Stent. Minor connecter. Splints. 4. Rest seat. 2. 3. Stent. 3. Are appliances used for immobilization of fragments .2. 4.. 4. A and B. Congenital cleft palate. The prepared surface of an abutment to receive the rest is-19 :called 1. Obturator. *** None. 2. Splint. *** Stents. 3. Splint. 4. *** :The factors that influence the induction of cleft palate-12 1. 2. Major connecter. Environmental.

lingual and incisal rest seat :The surveyor instrument consists of-30 1. 2. 4. Minor connecter. The part of a removable denture that forms a structure of-24 metal struts that engages and unites the metal casting with :the resin forming the denture base is called 1. 3. A and B. All.1. Rest. *** None. 3. Major connecter. Retainers. 3. *** A rigid part of the partial denture casting that unites the-22 rests and another part of the prosthesis to the opposite side of :the arch is called 1. :The rests are classified into-26 1. *** 4. Minor connecter. *** Retainer. 2. Rest. Major connecters. 4. Rests. 3. Posterior rests. None. Major connecter. 2. :The part of a removable partial denture is-21 1. Denture base connecter. 4. *** Retainer. Major connecter. . 2. Anterior rests. Vertical arm. 4. 3. Minor connecter. : We have 3 major form Occlusal . 2.

*** Class tow. To Prosthodontist. 3. *** Technician. The tooth surface opposite to the edentulous areas. Class four. Four main types. Three main types. Five main types. Small analysis rod. Master cast. None. 4. Assistant. All. 4. 2. 1. Class one. Class three. *** 4.2. . 2. *** All. 3. the bilateral-35 edentulous areas located posterior to the remaining natural :teeth is 1. 3. 3. 2. 3. *** 3. Refractory cast. :Kennedy divided all partial edentulous arches-34 1. None. 2. According to the Kennedy's classification. Tow main types. Cast platform or table. *** The primary guiding surface that determines the insertion-31 :for the partial denture is 1. The tooth surface adjacent to the edentulous areas. 4. fabricate a removable partial casting requires making a-33 second cast of high-heat investment material this cast is :called Study cast. 4. 2. The one who is supposed to give the correct design of the-32 :removable partial denture 1.

3. 2. *** 3. 1. Dry tooth isolated by the rubber dam. Lingual to MBC. *** 4. *** Buccal to MBC. . *** Prevent lateral displacement of restoration. 2. Extraction of the opposing tooth. 3. 2. 3. Bright light. 2. :Outline of Pericoronitis treatment may include . Surgical removal of the causative tooth. unilateral-36 edentulous area with natural teeth remaining both anterior and :posterior is 1. *** Class four. 4. None of the above are corrects. Always axiobuccal and axiolingual. :We should select the shade for a composite resin utilizing a . Is axiopulpal and axiogingival. 2. 3.1 Mouth wash and irrigation. Dry shade guide.2 1. May be he ask about ???? function :4th canal in upper first molar is found . Class one.9 1. 1and 2 both true :Retentive grooves . Class three.According to the Kennedy's classification. All the above. 4.3 1. Distal to MBC. Class tow.

582 partial denture impression A. *** :The following canals may be found in an upper molar . 1+2+3+5.12 Mesio-buccal. 4. 1mm. the following length should be cut from . 2+3+4+5. 4. *** The best material for taking impression for full veneer (11 :crowns ***(a) poly vinyl sialoxane (additional Silicone Stock trays compared to Custom trays for a removable . Mesio-palatal canal. 2.11 :molar is the 1. All of the above 5. Palatal canal.To get file size 24. 2. 1+2+4+5. 1. 5. *** 3. Disto-palatal canal. 3mm. 4. Mesio-buccal canal. Disto-lingual. a) b) c) d) .material D. Disto-buccal canal. 3. 2mm.10 :file size 20 1. 3. Palatal. The narrowest canal found in a three root maxillary first . Mesio-palatal. 4mm. Disto-buccal. Custom trays less effective than stock trays B. 1+2+4. Custom trays can record an alginate impression as well as elastomeric impression C. 2. Custom trays provide even thickness of impression *** .

smoking. . Barker.A University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Dentistry . M. R.does your denture impinge the o.mucosa.Prepared by Bruce F. Barker.D. Wears complete denture for 10 years & now he has (15 cancer in the floor of the mouth. D.Ulceration on floor of mouth in edentulous patient .H.S.:Which type of burs is the least in heat generation (14 a) diamond *** b) carbide c) titanium more heat generated in diamond burs dental secrets: page 200 Pt. ***+ (80% of the cancer of the floor of the (mouth is caused by smoking c.and Gerry J.Alcohol d.does your denture is ill fitted b. What is the firs question that :the dentist should ask a.D. *** (traumatic (cause Screening Oral Cancer ..

300.Bacteriostatic . *** 34.. You make ledge in the canal you want correct this what is the most complication occur in this step: Creation false canal apical zip stripping perforation Not 100%sure Removing of dentine in dangerous zone to cementum is: Stripping perforation: lateral perforation 1/ perforation caused by over instrumentation through thin 2/ledge wall in the root and mostly happens at lateral 3/stripping. The most technique use with children: .initially misinterpreted as denture irritation 296. Killing Bacteria is: . *** 3/ occlusal plane CR/CO 4/ALL What kind of suture used under the immediate denture: 1/ horizontal matter suture 2/ vertical matter suture 3/ interrupted suture 4/ continous locked suture Provisional restoration for metal ceramic abutment 297.TSD*** . is a) aluminum sheet b) stainless steel crown c) zno d) tooth colored polycarbonate crown*** 30. 299. 298.Bactericidal. *** (wall of danger zone (d wall of m root 4/zipping Occlusal splint device: 1/ used during increase vertical dimension 2/allative muscle of mastication.

.primary 2nd mand molar.primary 1st mand molar. Mandibular 1st permanent molar look in morphology as: .primary 1st max molar. *** .hand over mouth -punishment 38. *** -7-9.1-3 -4-6. *** 40. .. Safe months to treat pregnant ladies: . Chronic pericoronitis: .Halitosis -all of the above.primary 2nd max molar.Difficult mouth opening . 41. .

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