MEMORY REVISION: Memory refers to the processes that are used to acquire, store, retain and later retrieve

information. There are three major processes involved in memory: 1. Encoding, 2. Storage, 3. Retrieval. And there are two major types of memory: 1. STM 2. LTM STM: Any information/ data that stay in mind for few second is based on short term memory. It comprises of the active part with which the person is conscious. There are three stages of STM: 1. Encoding; 2. Storage & 3. Retrieval Encoding: To enter any Information in STM we must attend to it. Since there are many stimuli within our environment so we select certain stimuli and attend to them. Things that were present around you but you didn’t paid attention to them will; not be available for retrieval. Encoding means information is present in the form of codes within the memory. Codes can be visual, acoustic and semantic in nature. Smell and touch codes can also be used for STM. Storage: STM is very limited. Ideally 7(+) (-) 2 items on the Minimum side people store 5 and on the maximum side people store 9 but on the average side its 7 items. Forgetfulness in STM occurs due to two reasons. 1. Displacement of new items 2. Lack of use of previous items. Retrieval: In STM, information is present at a conscious level, but a very fast search is required to retrieve it.

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