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example using seasonal relatives) Solved Problem #3: see textbook Solved Problem #4: see textbook (you do not have to do this problem manually, use the template and notice how the template answers differ slightly from the seasonal relatives provided in the manual example) To avoid manually entering the data into the templates it can be copied and pasted from Data Sets on the Lesson Page. Use “copy, paste special, values” to transfer the data to the template. #1: A commercial bakery has recorded sales (in dozens) for three products, as shown below. Blueberry Muffins 30 34 32 34 35 30 34 36 29 31 35 31 37 34 33 Cinnamon buns 18 17 19 19 22 23 23 25 24 26 27 28 29 31 33

Day 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 a.

Cupcakes 45 26 27 23 22 48 29 20 14 18 47 26 27 24 22

Determine the Naïve forecast for day 16. Blueberry Muffins 33 Cinnamon buns 33

Day 16 b.

Cupcakes 22

What does the use of sales data rather than demand data imply? Sales data does not take into account the demand which may have been greater than the actual sales. If the demand was actually greater than sales and the bakery could have met that demand, using sales would cause them to under forecast their full business potential.

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20 Linear trend equation. 5. Inc.86 Month Sep 2 . and . 3.26 LT 20.. Naive 20 MA 19 WMA 20.30 for July. Forecast September sales volume in thousands of dollars using the following methods: Show your answers in the space provided.#2: National Scan.60 for August.10 for June Exponential smoothing with a smoothing constant of . Historical Data Sales 19 18 15 20 18 22 20 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 1 2 3 4 Period Sales 5 6 7 8 b. sells radio frequency inventory tags. 1. Plot the monthly data. . Monthly sales ($000) for a seven-month period were as follows: Month Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug a.4 ES 19. 4. 2. Naïve Five-month moving average Weighted moving average using .

000 bottles per year b. Slope = 19 thousand pounds Interpretation: the freight loadings are increasing 19 thousand pounds per year 3 . Ft = 80 + 15t where F t = annual sales (000 bottles ) t = 0 corresponds to 1990 a. Indicate how much the sales are increasing or decreasing? Sales are increasing by 15. Forecast = 208.#3: A cosmetics manufacturer’s marketing department has developed a linear trend equation that can be used to predict annual sales of its popular Hand & Foot Cream. Predict sales for the year 2006 using the equation? This is a manual problem! t = 16 therefore the forecast for the year 2006 = 80 + 16*15 = 320 thousand bottles #4: Freight car loadings over a 12-year period at a busy port are as follows: The units are in thousands of tons. Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 a. Loadings 220 245 280 275 300 310 350 360 400 380 420 450 460 475 500 510 525 541 Determine the linear trend equation for the freight car loadings. What is the slope? Interpret it.48 + 19 * year b.

The manager intends to install new equipment when the loadings exceeds 800 (thousand tons) per year. Assuming the current trend continues the loading volume will reach that level in approximately what year? This is a manual problem! Solving the equation for t yields t = 31. Her forecasts are a combination of trend and seasonality.13 years #5: A manager of a store that sells and installs spas wants to prepare a forecast for January. Year 20 21 Loadings 588.02 for February.95 for March. refer to solved problem #2 in the textbook.5 February 173. a.40 607. Use the trend equation to predict the freight loadings for years 20 and 21. What demand should she predict for January.25 4 . January 181. The linear trend equation is Ft = 70 + 5t where t = 0 corresponds to June of last year The seasonal relatives are 1. 1.4 March 166.10 for January. February and March of next year.c. February and March of next year? This is a manual problem! If you need some hints on this problem. and .40 d.

Day 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Served 80 75 78 95 130 136 40 82 77 80 94 125 135 42 84 77 83 96 135 140 37 87 82 98 103 144 144 48 5 . Day 1 is day 1 of week 1.#6: Obtain estimates of daily relatives for the number of customers at a restaurant for the evening meal given the past 4 weeks of historical data. day 8 is day 1 of week 2. etc.

89 97 0.8997 0. 48 25 Per io d 6 Per io d 1 Per io d 2 Per io d 3 Per io d 4 Per io d 5 0. 42 56 Per io d 7 6 . 41 16 0.0000 0.8000 0. Historical Data 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 5 10 15 Period Served 20 25 30 b.a.4116 1. 83 34 0.2000 1.9160 1.2000 0. What are the daily adjusted seasonal relatives? Adjusted Seasonal Relative 0. 91 60 1.6000 1.8334 0.4256 Day 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 c.4825 0.0000 1. Construct a graph that will enable you to visualize the daily variation in meals served. Plot the adjusted seasonal relatives on a graph for each day of the week? Adjusted Seasonal Relative (ASR) 1.4000 0.4000 1.6000 0.0312 1. 03 12 1.

You will have to enter this data into the template manually.33 44. Determine the forecast for meals to be served for the next 7 days.23 154. Plot historical demand with forecast on the same graph. Day 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Forecast 91.30 146.36 85.95 106.05 93. QUARTER Year 1 2 3 4 5 1 200 210 215 225 232 2 250 252 260 272 284 3 210 212 220 233 240 4 340 360 358 372 381 7 . based on the 5 years of data shown below (quantities are in metric tons). Historical Data & Seasonally Adjusted Linear Trend 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 10 20 30 Served 40 Forecast 50 60 70 #7: A farming cooperative manager wants to estimate quarterly relatives for grain shipments.d.53 e.

3499 Quarter 1 2 3 4 b. Use the adjusted seasonal relative to determine what percentage shipments in quarter 4 are greater than shipments quarter 3.8321 1.23% greater than shipments in quarter 3.8262 0. Calculate the quarterly adjusted seasonal relatives.a. 8 . Adjusted Seasonal Relative 0. Quarter 4 shipments are 62.9919 0.

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