Implementation and Implications of Digital Opportunity Index (DOI) in Myanmar - Initiated by ITU, KADO and MIC starting from

2003-2004. - It is a composite index composed of (11) indicators. It measures the digital opportunity or the possibility for citizens of a particular country to benefit from access to information that is “Universal, ubiquitous, equitable and affordable”. It can be used to enrich policy and inform policymakers of the latest trends and impact analysis of ICT policies to identify successful policies and replicate them elsewhere. It has a flexible modular structure with three categories: (1) Opportunity (a) Percentage of population covered by mobile cellular telephony (b) Internet access tariffs as a percentage of per capita income (c) Mobile cellular tariffs as a percentage of per capita income (2) Infrastructure (a) Proportion of households with a fixed line telephone (b) Proportion of households with a computer (c) Proportion of households with Internet access at home (d) Mobile cellular subscribers per (100) inhabitants (3) Utilization (a) Proportion of individuals that used the Internet (b) Ratio of fixed broadband subscribers to total Internet subscribers (c) Ratio of mobile broadband subscribers to total mobile subscribers

- It measures upon (180) economies worldwide. - Korea stood First for two consecutive years. Japan-Second, Denmark-Third,
Iceland- Fourth, Hong Kong-Fifth. UK-7th and US-21st. - Myanmar -176 out of 180, Laos-156, Thailand-80, Bangladesh-139, India-119, China- 74. - The lowest DOI among the regional countries. Implications for Myanmar: (1) For the information to be accessible in public-wise, infrastructure is important.( E.g.: More Communication Networks, Network Access Points for the Public, Licensing to Private service providers, etc…) (2) Per Capita must also be increased in parallel with the country’s GDP. (3) FDI inflows to ICT sector should be initiated. ( Most important of all perhaps) (4) Regulatory and policy measures in ICT sector should be reviewed for PublicPrivate Partnership (PPP) implementation in the country not only for the sectoral development but for national economic development.

Aung Kyaw Oo, Ph.D. Student, September 22, 2006.

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